Citation
Robinson Crusoe in words of one syllable

Material Information

Title:
Robinson Crusoe in words of one syllable
Creator:
Aikin, Lucy, 1781-1864
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
George Routledge and Sons ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
New York (416 Broome Street)
Publisher:
George Routledge & Sons
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
[viii], 161, [1] p., [13] leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 17 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Castaways -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1876 ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1876 ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1876
Genre:
Imaginary voyages ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements ( rbgenr )
fiction ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

General Note:
Spine title: Robinson Crusoe; cover title: Robinson Crusoe in words of one syllable.
General Note:
Date based on publisher's list of illustrated juvenile books, ([6] p.) at end, which has as the first entry, 'Every boy's book,' "an entirely new and revised edition (1875)"
General Note:
This may be a reissue of Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe, 566, the description of which is based only on a photocopy.
General Note:
Last page of text is blank.
General Note:
Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe retold.
General Note:
University of Florida library's copy imperfect: 1 plate missing.
Funding:
NEH RLG GCMP4
Statement of Responsibility:
by Mary Godolphin ; with coloured illustrations.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
029021260 ( ALEPH )
30304714 ( OCLC )
AJP9452 ( NOTIS )

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Full Text




es ©

ROBINSON CRUSOE

IN WORDS OF

ONE SYLLABLE.

BY

MARY GODOLPHIN.
WITH COLOURED ILLUSTRATIONS,

NEW YORK:
GEORGE ROUTLEDGE & SONS,

416 BROOME STREET.



BY THE SAME AUTHOR,
Uniform with this Edition of “ Robinson Crusoe.”

EVENINGS AT HOME IN WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE,
With Eight Illustrations in Colours by Kronuzim.
Price $1.50 cloth.
THE SWISS FAMILY ROBINSON IN WORDS OF ONE «
SYLLABLE. :

With Eight Illustrations in Colours by KronnEim.
Price $1.50 cloth.





ae Yay: =X
> ay Ste
ex Ses oo



PREFACE.

—_——I——

PALLE production of a book which ©

&




: sa

is adapted to the use of the
Tonnes readers needs but few words
of excuse or apology. The nature
of the work seems to be sufficiently
explained by the title itself, and the
author's task has been chiefly to re-
duce the ordinary language into words

of one syllable. But although, as far



iv Preface.

as the subject matter is concerned, the
book can lay no claims to originality, it
is believed that the idea and scope of
its construction are entirely novel, for
the One Syllable literature of the pre-
sent day furnishes little more than a few
short, unconnected sentences, and those
chiefly in spelling books.

The deep interest which De Foe’s
story has never failed to arouse in the

minds of the young, induces the author
to hope that it may be acceptable in its
present form.

It should be stated that exceptions



Preface. v

to the rule of using words of one syllable
exclusively have been made in the case
of the proper names of the boy Xury
and of the man Friday, and in the
titles of the illustrations that accompany
the work.








LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

—j——.

Plete. . To face page

+ %

ann

10,

Ir.

tw,

ROBINSON CRUSOE ON THE RAFT wecceccccccccccccvcccccsccs ree
ROBINSON CRUSOE BRINGS IN THE FIRST KID .....cccocee oe
ROBINSON CRUSOE. WITH HIS FAMILY AT DINNER ees
ROBINSON CRUSOE DISCOVERS A LARGE CAVERN ..cccccceree
ROBINSON CRUSOE RESCUES FRIDAY ....ccccccccccccccccccccves

ROBINSON CRUSOE RELEASES THE SPANIARD FROM THE

CANNIBALS .cccccccccccvccccccsccsccece ec ccccc cece ces ceccecenccce
FRIDAY MEETS HIS FATHER AGAIN......seccececeee eo cecccccccces

THE GOOD ENGLISHMEN’S COLONY .....ceceseessesees ee ecececece

. THE FLIGHT INTO THE FOREST ......ccccccccccccccccccccccceves

THE AMBUSCADE _ ..ccccccccccccccccccccccccccsccess eeeeee coccccccees
ROBINSON CRUSOE TRAVELLING IN CHINA. ....cccccccccccecees

REPULSE OF TARTAR ROBBERS.......sssscscocceccscssescescssoens

32
40
61
67
77

100
102
125
133
137
151

159











ROBINSON CRUSOE,
In words of One Syllable.

enn ome

eaitca WAS born at York on the
BN eq first of March in* the sixth year
' of the reign of King Charles the
First. From the time when I was quite
a young child, I had felt a great wish
to spend my life at sea, and as I grew,
so did this taste grow more and more
strong; till at last I broke loose from
my school and home, and found my way
on foot to Hull, where I soon got a
place on board a ship.

When we had set sail but a few days,
a squall of wind came on, and on the
fifth night we sprang a leak. All hands

B :





y ‘ » i"
2 Robinson Crusoe.

were sent to the pumps, but we felt the
ship groan in all her planks, and her
beams quake from stem to stern; so
that it was soon quite clear there was
no hope for her, and that all we could
do was to save our lives.

‘The first thing was to fire off guns, to
show that we were in need of help, and
at length a ship, which lay not far from
us, sent a boat to our aid. But the sea
was too rough for it to lie near our ship’s
side, so we threw out a rope, which the
men in the boat caught, and made fast,
and by this means we all got in.

Still, in so wild a sea it was vain to
try to get on board the ship which had
sent out the men, or to use our oars in

the boat, and all we could do was to let
it drive to shore.

In the space of half an hour our own
ship struck on a rock and went down,



¢

The First Wreck. 3

and we saw her no more. We made but
slow way to the land, which we caught
sight of now rnd then when the boat
rose to the top of some high wave, and
there we saw men who ran in crowds, to
and fro, all bent on one thing, and that
was to save us.

At last to our great joy we got on
shore, where we had the luck to meet
with friends who gave us the means to
get back to Hull; and if I had now had
the good sense to go home, it would
have been well for me. |

The man whose ship had gone down
said with a grave look, “‘ Young lad, you
ought to go to sea no more, it is not the
kind of life for you.” ““ Why sir, will you
go tc sea no more then?” “ That is not
the same kind of thing; I was bred to
the sea, but you were not, and came on
board my ship just to find out what a

B 2



4 Robinson Crusoe.

life at sea was like, and you may guess
what you will come to if you do not go
back to your home. God will not bless
you, and it may be that you have
brought all this woe on us.”

I spoke not a word more to him;
which way he went I knew not, nor did
I care to know, for I was hurt at this
rude speech. Shall I go home thought
I, or shall I go to'sea? Shame kept
me from home, and I could not make
up my mind what course of life to take.

As it has been my fate through life to
choose for the worst, so I did now. I
had gold in my purse, and good clothes
on my back, and to sea I went once
more,

But I had worse luck this time than
the last, for when we were far out at sea,
some Turks in a small ship came on
our track in full chase. We set as



The Turks come in Chase. 8

much sail as our yards would bear, so as
to get clear from them. But in spite of
this, we saw our foes gain on us, and we
felt’ sure that, they would come up with
our ship in a few hours’ time.

At last they caught us, but we
brought our guns to bear on them,
which made them shear off for a time,
yet they kept up a fire at us as long as
they were in range. The next time the
Turks came up, some of their men got
on board our ship, and set to work to
cut the sails, and do us all kinds of
harm. So, as ten of our men lay dead,
and most of the rest had wounds, we
gave in.

The chief of the Turks took me as
his prize to a port which was held by the
Moors. He did not use me so ill as at
first I thought pe would have done, but
he set me to work with the rest of his

®



6 Robinson Crusoe.

slaves. This was a change in my life
which I did not think had been in store
for me. How my heart sank with grief
at the thought of those whom I had left
at home, nay, to whom I had not had
the grace so much as to say “Good
bye” when I went to sea, nor to give &
hint of what I meant to do!

Yet all that I went through at this
time was but a taste of the toils and
cares which it has since been my lot to
bear.

I thought at first that the Turk might
take me with him when next he went to
sea, and so I should find some way to -
get free; but the hope did not last long,
for at such times he left me on shore to
see to his crops. This kind of life I led
for two years, and as the Turk knew
and saw more of me, hegmade me more
and more free. He went out in his

a



A Slave to the Turk. 7

boat once or twice a week to catch a
kind of flat fish, and now and then he
took me and a boy with him, for we
were quick at this kind of sport, and he
grew quite fond of me.

One day the Turk sent me in the
boat to catch some fish, with no one else
but a man and a boy. While we were
out, so thick a fog came on, that though
we were not half a mile from the shore,
we quite lost sight of it for twelve hours ;
and when the sun rose the next day, our
boat was at least ten miles out at sea.
The wind blew fresh, and ‘we were all
much in want of food, but at last, with
the help of our oars and sail, we got back
safe to land.

When the Turk heard how we had
lost our way, he said that the next time
he went out, he would take a boat that
would hold all we could want if we were



8 : Robinson Crusoe.

kept out at sea. So he had quite a state
room built in the long boat of his ship,
as well as a room for us slaves. One
day he sent me to trim the boat, as he
had two friends who would go in it to
fish with him. But when the time came
they did not go, so he sent me with the
man and the boy—whose name was
Xury—to catch some fish for the guests
that were to sup with him. :
Now the thought struck me all at
once that this would be a good chance
to set off with the’boat, and get free.
So in the first place, I took all the food
that I could lay my hands on, and I told
the man that it would be too bold of us
to eat of the bread that had been put in
the boat for the Turk. He said he
thought so too, and he brought down a
small sack of rice and some rusks.
While the man was on shore I put



In the Turk’s Boat. 9

‘up some wine, a large lump of wax, a
saw, an axe, a spade, some rope, and all
sorts of things that might be of use to
us. I knew where the Turk’s case of
wine was, and I put that in the boat
while the man was on shore. By one
more trick I got all that I had need of.
I said to the boy, “the Turk’s guns are
in the boat, but -there is no shot. Do’
you think you could get some? You
know where it is kept, and we may want
to shoot a fowl or two.’ So he brought
a case and a pouch which held all that
we could want for the guns. These I
put in the boat, and then set sail out of
the port to fish.

The wind blew from the North, or
North West, which was a bad wind for
me; for had it been South, I could have
made for the coast of Spain. But, blow
which way it might, my mind was made



10 Robinson Crusoe.

up to get off, and to leave the rest to
fate. I then let down my lines. to fish,
but I took care to have bad sport; and
when the fish bit, I would not pull them
up, for the Moor was not to see them.
I said to him, “‘ This will not do, we shall’
catch no fish here, we ought to sail on a
bit.” Well, the Moor thought there was
"no harm in this. He set the sails, and,
as the helm was in my hands, I ran
the boat out a mile or more, and then
brought her to, as if I meant to fish.

Now, thought I, the time has come
for me to get free! I gave the helm
to the boy, and then took the Moor
round the waist, and threw him out of
the boat.

Down he went! but soon rose up, for
he swam like a duck. He said he would
go all round the world with me, if I
would but take him in.



Throws the Moor out of the Boat. a

I had some fear lest he should climb
up the boat’s side, and force his way
back} so I brought my gun to point at
him, and said, “ You can swim to land
with ease if you choose, make haste then
to get there; but if you come near the
boat you shall have a shot through the
head, for I mean to be a free man from
this hour.” | : |

He then swam for the shore, and no
doubt got safe there, as the sea was so
calm. ,

At first I thought I would take the
Moor: with me, and let Xury swim to
land: but the Moor was not a man that
I could trust.

When he was gone I said to Xury,
“Tf you will swear to be true to me, you
shall be a great man in time; if not, I
must throw you out of the boat too.”

The poor boy gave me such a sweet



12 Robinson Crusoe.

smile as he swore to be true to me, that
I could not find it in my heart to doubt
him. .

While the man was still in view (for
he was on his way to the land), we stood
out to sea with the boat, so that he and
those that saw us from the shore, might
think we had gone to thé straits’ mouth,
for no one went to the South coast, as
a tribe of men dwelt there who were
known to kill and eat their foes.

We then bent our course to the East,
so as to keep in with the shore; and as
we had a fair wind and a smooth sea, by
the next day at noon, we were not less
than 150 miles out of the reach of the
Turk.

I had still some fear lest I should be
caught by the Moors, so I would not go
on shore in the day time. But when it
grew dark we made our way to the coast,



Wild Beasts on the Shore. 13

and came to the mouth of a stream, from
which we thought we would swim to
land, and then look round us. But as
soon as it was quite dark we heard
strange sounds—barks, roars, grunts,
and howls. The poor lad said he
could not go on shore till dawn, “Well,”
said I, “then we must give it up, but it
may be that in the day time we shall be
seen by men, who for all we know would
‘do us more harm than wild beasts.”
“Then we give them the shoot gun,”
said Xury with a laugh, “and make:
them run way.” I was glad to see so
much mirth in the boy, and gave him
some bread and rice.

We lay still at night, but did not sleep
long, for in a few hours’ time some huge
beasts came down to the sea to bathe.
The poor boy shook from head to foot.
at the sight. One of these beasts came



14 Robinson Crusoe.

near our boat, and though it was too
dark to see him well, we heard him puff
and blow, and knew that he must be a
large one by the noise he made. At
last the brute came as near to the boat
as two oars length, so I shot at him,
and he swam to the shore.

The roar and cries set up by beasts
and birds at the noise of my gun would
seem to show that.we had made a bad
choice of a place to land on; but be that
as it would, to shore we had to go to find
some fresh spring, so that we might fill
our casks. Xury said if I would let him
go with one of the jars, he would find out
if the springs were fit to drink; and, if
they were sweet, he would bring the jar
back full. ‘“ Why should you go ?” said
I; “ Why should not I go, and you ‘stay
in the boat?” At this Xury said, “if
wild mans come they eat me, you: go



Xury finds a Fresh Spring. 1§

way.” I could not but love the lad for
this kind speech. ‘‘ Well,” said I, “we
will both go, and if the wild men come
we must kill them, they shall not eat you
or me.” |

I gave Xury some rum from the
Turk’s case to cheer him up, and we
went on shore. The boy went off with
his gun, full a mile from the spot where
we stood, and came back with a hare
that he had shot, which we were glad to
cook and eat; but the good news which
he brought was that he had found a
spring, and had seen no wild men.

I made a guess that the Cape de
Verd Isles were not far off, for I saw
the top of the Great Peak, which I knew
was near them. My one hope was that
if I kept near the coast, I should find ©
some ship that would take us on board ;
and then, and not till then, should I feel



16 Roeineon Crusoe.

a free man. In a word, I put the whole
of my fate on this chance, that I must
meet with some ship, or die.

On the coast we saw some men who
stood to look at us. They were black,
and wore no clothes. I would have
gone on shore to them, but Xury—who
knew best—said, “ Not you. go! Not
you go!” So I brought the boat as near
the land as I could, that I might talk to
them, and they kept up with me a long
way. I saw that one of them had a
lance in his hand.

I made signs that they should bring
me some food, and they on their part
made signs for me to stop my boat. So
I let down the top of my sail, and lay
by, while two of them ran off; and in
less than half an hour they came back
with some dry meat and a sort of corn
which is grown. in this part of the world.



The Wild Men on the Shore. 7

This we should have been glad to get,
but knew not how to do so ; for we durst
not go on shore to them, nor did they
dare to come to us.

At last they took a safe way for us
all, for they brought the food to the
shore, where they set it down, and then
went a long way off while we took it in.
We made signs to show our thanks, for
we had not a thing that we could spare
to give them.

But as good luck would have it, we
were at hand to take a great prize for
them ; for two wild beasts, of the same
kind as the first I spoke of, came in full
chase from the hills down to the sea.

They swam as if they had come for

port. The men flew from them in

ear, all but the one who held the lance.

ne of these beasts came near our

oat ; so I lay in wait for him with my
c



i8 Robinson Crusoe.

gun; and as soon as the brute was in
range, I shot him through the head.
Twice he sank down in the sea, and
twice he came up; and then just swam
to the land, where he fell down dead.
The men were in as much fear at the
sound of my gun, as they had been at
the sight of the beasts. But when I
made signs for them to come to the
shore, they took heart, and came.

They at once made for their prize;
and by the help of a rope, which they
slung round him, they brought him safe
on the beach.

We now left our wild men, and went
on and on, for twelve days more. The
land in front of us ran out four or five
miles, like a bill; and we had to keep
some way from the coast, to make this
point, so that we lost sight of the shore.

I gave the helm to Xury and sat



A Ship in Sight. 19

down to think what would be my best
course to take: when all at once I heard
the lad cry out “A ship with a sail! A
ship with a sail!” He did not show
much joy at the sight, for he thought
that this ship had been sent out to take
him back: but I knew well, from the
look of her, that she was not one of the ©
Turk’s. | e

I made all the sail I could to core in
the ship’s way, and told Xury to fire a
gun, in the hope that if those on deck
could not hear the sound, they might see
the smoke. This they did see, and then
let down their sails so that we might
come up to them, and in three hours
time we were at the ship's side. The
men spoke to us in French, but I could
not make out what they meant. At last
a Scot on board said in my own tongue,
“Who are you? Whence do you

Cc 2



20 Robinson Crusoe.

come?” JI told him ina few words how
I had got free from the Moors. |
Then the man who had charge of the
ship bade me come on board, and took
me in with Xury and all my goods. I
told him that he might take all I had,
but he said ‘“‘ You shall have your goods
back when we come to land, for I have but
done for you what you would have done
for me, had I been in the same plight.”
He gave me a good round sum for
my boat, and said that I should have the
same sum for Xury, if I would part with
him. But I told him that as it was by
the boy’s help that I had got free, I was
loath to sell him. He said it was just
and right in me to feel thus, but at the
same time, 1f I could make up my mind
to part with him, he should be set free
In two years time. So, as the poor
slave had a wish to go with him, I did



At All Saints’ Bay. a1

not say “no.” I got to All Saints’ Bay in
three weeks, and was now a free man.

I had made a good sum by all my
store, and with this I went on land. But
I did not at all know what to do next.
At length I met with a man whose case
was much the same as my own, and we
both took some land to farm. My stock,
like his, was low, but we made our farms
serve to keep us in food, though not
more than that. We both stood in
need of help, and I saw now that I had
done wrong to part with my boy.

I did not at all like this kind of life.
What! thought I, have I come all this
way to do that which I could have done
as well at home with my friends round
me! And to add to my grief, the kind
friend, who had brought me here in his
ship, now meant to leave these shores.

On my first start to sea when a boy, I



22 Robinson Crusoe.

had put a small sum in the hands of an
aunt, and this my friend said I should
do well to spend on my farm. So when
he got home he sent some of it in cash,
and laid out the rest in cloth, stuffs,
baize, and such like goods. My aunt
had put a few pounds in my friend’s
hands as a gift to him, to show her
thanks for all that he had done for me,
and with this sum he was so kind as to
buy me a slave. In the mean time I
had bought a slave, so now I had two,
and all went on well for the next year.
But soon my plans grew too large for
my means. One day some men came
to ask me to take charge of a slave ship
to be sent out by them. They said they
would give me a share in the slaves, and
pay the cost of the stock. This would
have been a good thing for me if I had
not had farms and land ; but it was wild



Goes to Sea Once More. 23

and rash to think of it now, for I had
made a large sum, and ought to have
gone on in the same way for three or
four years more. Well, I told these
men that I would go with all my heart, if
they would look to my farm in the mean
time, which they said they would do.

. SoI made my will, and went on board
this ship on the same day on which,
eight years since, I had left Hull. She
had six guns, twelve men, and a boy.
We took with us saws, chains, toys,
beads, bits of glass, and such like ware,
to suit the taste of those with whom we
had to trade.

We were not more than twelve days
from the Line, when a high wind took
us off we knew not where. All at once
there was a cry of “ Land!” and the
ship struck on a bank of sand, in which
she sank so deep that we could not get



24 Robinson Crusoe.

her off. At last we found that we must
make up our minds to leave.her, and
get to shore as well as we could. There
had been a boat at her stern, but we
found it had been torn off by the force
of the waves. One small boat was still’
left on the ship’s side, so we got in it.

There we were all of us on the wild
sea. The heart of each now grew faint,
our cheeks were pale, and our eyes were
dim, »for there was but one hope, and
that was to find some bay, and so get in
the lee of the land. We now gave up
our whole souls to God.

The sea grew more and more rough,
and its white foam would curl and boil.
At last the waves, in their wild sport,
burst on the boat’s side, and we were
all thrown out.

I could swim well, but the force of the
waves made me lose my breath too much



The Wreck. 25

todoso. At length one large wave took
me to the shore, and left me high and
dry, though half dead with fear. I got on
my feet and made the best of my way.
for the land; but just then the curve of a
huge wave rose up as high as a hill, and
this I had no strength to keep from, so
it took me back to the sea. I did my
best to float on the top, and held my
breath to do so. The next wave was
quite as high, and shut me up in its
bulk. I held my hands down .tight to-
my side, and then. my head shot out at
the top of the waves. This gave me heart
_ and breath too, and soon my feet felt the
ground.

I stood quite still for a short time, to
let the sea run back from me, and then
I set off with all my might to the shore,
but yet the waves caught me, and twice
more did they take me back, and twice



26 Robinson Crusoe.

more land me on the shore. I thought
the last wave would have been the death
of me, for it drove me on a piece of rock,
and with such force, as to leave me in a
kind of swoon, which, thank God, did
not last long. At length, to my great Joy,
I got up to the cliffs close to the shore,
where I found some grass, out of the
reach of the sea. There I sat down,
safe on land at last.

I could but cry out in the words of
the Psalm, “ They that go down to the
sea in ships, these men see the works of
the Lord in the deep. For at His word
the storms rise, the winds blow, and lift
up the waves; then do they mount to
the sky, and from thence go down to the
deep. My soul faints, I reel to and fro,
and am at my wit’s end: then the Lord
brings me out of all my fears.”

I felt so wrapt in joy, that all I could



Safe at Last. 27

do was to walk up and down the coast,
now lift up my hands, now fold them on
my breast, and thank God for all that
He had done for me, when the rest of
the men were lost. All lost but I, and
I was safe! I now cast my eyes round
me, to find out what kind of a place it
was that I had been thus thrown in, like
a bird ina storm. Then all the glee I
felt at first left me; for I was wet and
cold, and had no dry clothes to put on, no
food to eat, and not a friend to help me.

There were wild beasts here, but I
had no gun to shoot them with, or to
keep me from their jaws. I had but a
knife and a pipe.

It now grew dark; and where was I
to go for the night? I thought the top
of some high tree would be a good place
to keep me out of harm’s way; and that
there I might sit and think of death



238 Robinson Crusoe

for, as yet, [ had no hopes of life.
Well, I went to my tree, and made
a kind of nest to sleep in. Then I cut
a stick to keep off the beasts of prey, in
case they should come, and fell to sleep
just as if the branch I lay on had beena
bed of down.

When I woke up it was broad day ;
the sky too was clear and the sea calm.
But I saw from the top of the tree that
in the night the ship had left the bank
of sand, and lay but a mile from me;
while the boat was on the beach, two
miles on my right. I went some way
down by the shore, to get to the boat ;
but an arm of the sea, half a mile broad,
kept me from it. At noon, the tide went
a long way out, so that I could get near
the ship; and here I found that if we
had but made up our minds to stay on
board, we should all have been safe.



Swims to the Ship. 29

I shed tears at the thought, for I could
not help it; yet, as there was no use in
that, it struck me that the best thing for
me to do was to swim to the ship. I
soon threw off my clothes, took to the
sea, and swam up to the wreck. But
how was I to get on deck? I had swum
twice round the ship, when a piece of
rope caught my eye, which hung down °
from her side so low, that at first the
waves hid it. By the help of this rope
I got on board.

I found that there was a bulge in the
ship, and that she had sprung a leak.
You may be sure that my first thought
was to look round for some food, and [|
soon made my way to the bin, where the
bread was kept, and ate some of it as I
went to and fro, for there was no time
to lose. There was, too, some rum, of

which I took a good draught, and this



30 Robinson Crusoe.

gave me heart. What I stood most in:
need of, was a boat to take the goods to
shore. But it was vain to wish for that
which could not be had; and as there
were some spare yards in the ship, two
or three large planks of wood, and a
spare mast or two, I fell to work with
these, to make a raft.

I put four spars side by side, and laid
short bits of plank on them, cross ways,
to make my raft strong. Though these
planks would bear my own weight, they
were too slight to bear much of my
freight. So I took a saw which was on
board, and cut a mast in three lengths,
and these gave great strength to the raft.
I found some bread and rice, a Dutch
cheese, and some dry goat's flesh. There
had been some wheat, but the rats had
got at it, and it was all gone.

My next task was to screen my goods



|

The First Freight. 31

from the spray of the sea; and it did
not take me long to do this, for there
were three large chests on board which
held all, and these I put on the raft.
When the high tide came up it took off
my coat and shirt, which I had left on
the shore; but there were some fresh
clothes in the ship.

“See here is a prize!” said I, out
loud, (though there were none to hear
me), “now I shall not starve.” For I
found four large guns. But how was
my raft to be got toland? I had nosail,
no oars; and a gust of wind would make
all my store slide off. Yet there were
three things which I was glad of; a calm
sea, a tide which set in to the shore, and
a slight breeze to blow me there.

I had the good luck to find some oars
in a part of the ship, in which I had

- made no search till now. With these I



32 Robinson Crusoe

put to sea, and for half a mile my raft
went well; but soon I found it drove to
one side. At length I saw a creek, to
which, with some toil, I took my raft ;
and now the beach was so near, that I
felt my oar touch the ground.

Here I had well nigh lost my freight,
for the shore lay on a slope, so that there
was no place to land on, save where one
end of the raft would lie so high, and
one end so low, that all my goods would
fall off. To wait till the tide came up
was all that could be done. So when
the sea was a foot deep, I thrust the
raft on a flat piece of ground, to moor
her there, and stuck my two oars in the
sand, one on each side of the raft. Thus
I let her lie till the ebb of the tide, and
when it went down, she was left safe on
land with all her freight.

I saw that there were birds on the







Brings his Raft Safe to Land. 33 .

isle, and I shot one of them. Mine must
have been the first gun that: had been
heard there since the world was made;
for, at the sound of it, whole flocks of .
birds flew up, with loud cries, from all
parts of the wood. The shape of the
beak of the one I shot was like that of a
hawk, but the claws were not so large.

I now went back to my raft to land
my stores, and this took up the rest of
the day. What to do at night I knew
not, not where to find a safe place to
land my stores on. I did not like to lie
down on the ground, for fear of beasts
of prey, as well as snakes, but there was
no cause for these fears, as I have since
found. I put the chests and boards
round me as well as I could, and made
a kind of hut for the night.

As there was still a great store of
things left in the ship, which would be

D



34 Robinson Crusoe.

of use to me, I thought that I ought to
bring them to land at once; for I knew
that the first storm would break up the
ship. So I went on board, and took
good care this time not to load my raft
too much.

The first thing I sought for was the tool
chest ; and in it were some bags of nails,
spikes, saws, knives, and such things :.
but best of all, I found a stone to grind
my tools on. There were two or three
_ flasks, some large bags of shot, and a
roll of lead; but this last I had not the
strength to hoist up to the ship’s side,
so as to get it on my raft. There were
some spare sails too, which I brought to
shore.

I had some fear lest my stores might
be run off with by beasts of prey, if not
by men; but I found all safe and sound
when I went back, and no one had



: The Wild Cat. 35

come there but a wild cat, which sat on
one of the chests. When I came up I
held my gun at her, but as she did not
know what a gun was, this did not rouse -
her. She ate a piece of dry goat's flesh,
and then took her leave.

Now that I had two freights of goods
at hand, I made a tent with the ship’s
sails, to stow them in, and cut the poles
for it from the wood. I now took all the
things out of the casks and chests, and
put the casks in piles round the tent,
to give it strength; and when this was
done, I shut up the door with the
boards, spread one of the beds (which
I had brought from the ship) on the
ground, laid two guns close to my head,
and went to bed for the first time I
slept all night, for I was much in need
of rest. ;

The next day I was sad and sick at
D2

a



26. Robinson Crusoe.

heart, for I felt how dull it was to be
thus cut off from all the rest of the
world! I had no great wish for work:
but there was too much to be done for
me to dwell long on my sad lot. Each
day, as it came, I went off to the wreck
to fetch more things; and I brought
back as much as the raft would hold.
One day | had put too great a load on
the raft, which made it sink down on one
side, so that the goods were lost in the
sea; but at this I did not fret, as the chief
part of the freight was some rope, which
would not have been of much use to me.

The twelve days that I had been in
the isle were spent in this way, and I
had brought to jand all that one pair of
hands could lift; though if the sea had
been still calm, I might have brought
the whole ship, piece by piece.

The last time | swam to the wreck,



The Last of the Ship. 37

the wind blew so hard, that I made up
my mind to go on board next time at
low tide. I found some tea and some
gold coin; but as to the gold, it made
me laugh to look at it. “O drug!”
said I, “ Thou art of no use to me! I
care not to save thee. Stay where thou .
art, till the ship go down, then go thou |

with it!” | }

Still, I thought I might as well just
take it; so I put it in a piece of the sail,
and threw it on deck that I might place it
on the raft. Bye-and-bye, the wind blew
from the shore, so I had to swim back
with all speed; for I knew that at the
turn of the tide, I should find it hard
work to get to land at all.. But in spite
of the high wind, I came to my home all
safe. At dawn of day I put my head
out, and cast my eyes on the sea. When
lo! no ship was there!



38 Leobinson Crusoe

This change in the face of things, and
the loss of such a friend, quite struck me
down. Yet I was glad to think that I
had brought to shore all that could be
of use to me. I had now to look out
for some spot, where I could make my
home. Half way up a hill there was a
small plain, four or five score feet long,
and twice as broad; and as it had a full
view of the sea, I thought that it would
be a good place for my house.

I first dug a trench round a space
which took in twelve yards; and in this
I drove two rows of stakes, till they
stood firm like piles, five and a half feet
from the ground. I made the stakes
close and tight with bits of rope; and
put small sticks on the top of them in
the shape of spikes. This made so
strong a fence that no man or beast
could get in.



Builds @ House. 39

The door of my house was on the
top, and I had to climb up to it by
steps, which I took in with me, so that
no one else might come up by the same
way. Close to the back of the house
stood a high rock, in which I made a
cave, and laid all the earth that I had
dug out of it round my house, to the
height of a foot and a half. I had to go
out once a day in search of food. The
first time, I saw some goats, but they
were too shy and swift of foot, to let me
get near them.

At last I lay in wait for them close
to their own haunts. If they saw me in
the vale, though they might be on high
ground, they would run off, wild with
fear ; but if they were in the vale, and |,
on high ground, they took no heed of
me. The first goat I shot had a kid by
her side, and when the old one fell, the



40 Robinson Crusoe.

kid stood near her, till I took her off on
my back, and then the young one ran
by my side. I put down the goat, and
brought the kid home to tame it: but
as it was too young to feed, I had to
all it.

At first I thought that, for the lack of
pen and ink, I should lose all note of
time; so I made a large post, in the
shape of a cross, on which I cut these
words, ‘I came on these shores. on the
Sth day of June, in the year 1659.” On
the side of this post I made a notch each
day as it came, and this I kept up till
the last.

I have not yet said a word of my four
pets, which were two cats, a dog, and a
-bird. You may guess how fond I was
of them, for they were all the friends left
tome. I brought the dog and two cats
from the ship. The dog would fetch





Robinson





Lhe Dog. 4!

things for me at all times, and by his
bark, his whine, his growl, and his tricks,
he would all but talk to me ; yet he could
not give me thought for thought.

If I could but have had some one
near me to find fault with, or to find
fault with me, what a treat it would have
been! Now that I had brought ink
from the ship, I wrote down a sketch
of each day as it came; not so much to
leave to those who might read it, when
I was dead and gone, as to get rid of
my own thoughts, and draw me from the
fears which all day long dwelt on my
mind, till my head would ache with the
weight of them.

I was a long way out of the course of
ships: and oh, how dull it was to be
cast on this lone spot with no one to
love, no one to make me laugh, no one
to make me weep, no one to make



42 Robinson Crusoe

me think. It was dull to roam, day
by day, from the wood to the shore;
and from the shore back to the wood,
and feed on my own thoughts all the
while. ;

So much for the sad view of my case ;
but like most things, it had a bright side
as well asa dark one. For here was |
safe on land, while all the rest of the
ship’s crew were lost. Well, thought I,
God who shapes our ways, and led me
by the hand then, can save me from this
state now, or send some one to be with
me; true, I am cast on a rough and
rude part of the globe, but there are no
beasts of prey on it to kill or hurt me.
God has sent the ship so near to me,
that I have got from it all things to
meet my wants for the rest of my days.
Let life be what it may, there is sure to
be much to thank God for; and I soon



Adds to his Cave. 43

gave up all dull thoughts, and did not
so much as look out for a sail.

My goods from the wreck had been
in the cave for more than ten months;
and it was time. now to put them might,
as they took up all the space, and left
me no room to turn in: so I made my
small cave a large one, and dug it out a
long way back in the sand rock. Then
I brought the mouth of it up to the
fence, and so made a back way to my
house. This done, I put shelves on
each side, to hold my goods, which
made my cave look like a shop full of
stores. To make these shelves I cut
down a tree, and with the help of a saw,
an axe, a plane, and some more tools, I
made boards.

A chair, and a desk to write on, came
next. I rose in good time, and set to
work till noon, then I ate my meal, then



44 Robinson Crusoe.

I went out with my gun, and to work
once more till the sun had set; and then
to bed. It took me more than a week
to change the shape and size of my cave,
but I had made it far too large; for in
course of time the earth fell in from the
roof; and had I been in it, when this
took place, I should have lost my life.
I had now to set up posts in my cave,
with planks on the top of them, so as to
make a roof of wood.

One day, when out with my gun, I
shot a wild cat, the skin of which made
me a cap; and I found some birds of
the dove tribe, which built their nests in
the holes of rocks.

I had to go to bed at dusk, till I
made a lamp of goat’s fat, which I put
in aclay dish; and this, with a piece of
hemp for a wick, made a good light.

As I had found a use for the bag which



A Crop Springs up. 45
had held the fowl’s food on board ship,

I shook out from it the husks of corn.
This was just at the time when ‘the
great rains fell, and in the course of a
month, blades of rice, corn, and _ rye,
sprang up. As time went by, and the
grain was ripe, I kept it, and took care
fo sow it each year } but I could not ~
boast of a crop of wheat, as will be
shown bye-and-bye, for three years.

A thing now took place on the isle,
which no one could have dream: of, and
which struck me down with fear. It
was this—the ground shook with great
force, which threw down earth from the
rock with a loud crash—once more there
was a shock—and now the earth fell
from the roof of my cave. The sea did
not look the same as it had done, for the
shocks were just as strong there as on
land. The sway of the earth made me



46 Robinson Crusoe

feel sick: and there was a noise and a
roar all round me.

The same kind of shock came a third
time; and when it had gone off, I sat
quite still on the ground, for I knew not
what to do. Then the clouds grew
dark, the wind rose, trees were torn up
by the roots, the sea was a mass of foam
and froth, and a great part of the isle
was laid waste with the storm. I
thought that the world had come to
an end. In three hours’ time all was
calm ; but rain fell all that night, and
a great part of the next day. Now,
though quite worn out, I had to move
my goods which were in the cave, to
some safe place.

I knew that tools would be my first
want, and that I should have to grind
mine on the stone, as they were blunt
and worn with use. But as it took both

a



Falls Lil, 47

hands to hold the tool, I could not turn
the stone; so I made a wheel by which
I could move it with my foot. This
was no small task, but I took great
pains with it, and at length it was done.

The rain fell for some days and a
cold chill came on me; in short I was
ill. I had pains in my head, and could
get no sleep at night, and my thoughts
were wild and strange. At one time I
shook with cold, and then a hot fit came
on, with faint sweats, which would last
six hours at a time. I]l as I was, I
had to go out with my gun to get food.
I shot a goat, but it was a great toil
to bring it home, and still more to
cook it.

I spent the next. day in bed, and felt
half dead from thirst, yet too weak to
stand up to get some drink. I lay and .
wept like a child. ‘“ Lord look on me!



48 Robinson Crusoe.

Lord look on me!” would I cry for
hours.

At last the fit left me, and I slept,
and did not wake till dawn. I dreamt
that I lay on the ground, and saw a man
come down from a great black cloud in
a flame of light. When he stood on the
earth, it shook as it had done a few days
since; and all the world to me was full
of fire. He came up and said “As I
see that all these things have not brought
thee to pray, now thou shalt die.” Then
IT woke, and found it was a dream.
Weak and faint, I was in dread all day
lest my fit should come on.

Too ill to get out with my gun, I sat
on the shore to think, and thus ran my
thoughts: “ What is this sea which is
all round me? and whence is it ? There
can be no doubt that the hand that made
it, made the air, the earth, the sky. And





Thoughts of God. 49

who is that? It is God who hath made
all things. Well then, if God hath made
all things, it must be He who guides
them; and if so, no one thing in the
whole range of His works can take place,
and He not know it. Then God must
know how sick and sad I am, and He
wills me to be here. O, why hath God
done this to me!”

Then some voice would seem to say,
“ Dost thou ask why God hath done this
to thee? Ask why thou wert not shot
by the Moors, who came on board the
ship, and took the lives of thy mates.
Ask why thou wert not torn by the
beasts of prey on the coasts. Ask why
thou didst not go down in the deep sea
with the rest of the crew, but didst
come to this isle, and art safe.”

A sound sleep then fell on me, and
when | woke it must have been three

E



50 Robinson Crusoe

o'clock the next day, by the rays of the
sun: nay, it may have been more than
that; for I think that this must have
been the day that I did not mark on my
post, as I have since found that there
was one notch too few.

I now took from my store the Book
of God’s Word, which I had brought
from the wreck, not one page of which
I had yet read. My eyes fell on five
words, that would seem to have been
put there for my good at this time; so
well did they cheer my faint hopes, and
touch the true source of my fears. They
were these: “I will not leave thee.”
And they have dwelt in my heart to
this day. I laid down the book, to
pray. My cry was “O, Lord, help me
to love and learn thy ways.” This was
the first time in all my life that I had
felt a sense that God was near, and



Goes Round the Isle. 51

heard me. As for my dull life here, it
was not worth a thought; for now a
new strength had come to me; and
there was a change in my griefs, as well
as in my joys.

I had now been in the isle twelve
months, and I thought it was time to go
all réund it, in search of its woods,
springs, and creeks. So I set off, and
brought back with me limes and grapes
in their prime, large and ripe. I had
hung the grapes in the sun to dry, and
in a few days’ time went to fetch them,
that I might lay up a store: The.vale,
on the banks of which they grew, was
fresh and green, and a clear, bright
stream ran through it, which gave so
great a charm to the spot, as to make
me wish to live there.

But there was no view of the sea

from this vale, while from my house, no
E 2



e
52 Robinson Crusoe

ships could come on my side of the isle,
and not be seen by me; yet the cool,
soft banks were so sweet and new to me
that much of my time was spent there.

In the first of the three years in
which I had grown corn, I had sown it
too late; in the next, it was spojlt by
the drought; but the third year’s crop
had sprung up well.

I found that the hares would lie in it
night and day, for which there was no
cure but to plant a thick hedge all round
it; and this took me more than three
weeks to do. I shot the hares in the
day time; and when it grew dark, I
mide fast the dog’s chain to the gate,
and thtre he stood to bark all night.

-In a short time the corn grew strong,
and at last ripe; but, just as the hares
had hurt it in the blade, so now the
birds ate it in the ear. At the noise of



The Birds in the Corn. 53

my gun, whole flocks of them would fly
up; and at this rate I saw that there
would be no corn left; so I made up
my mind to keep a look out night and
day. I hid by the side of a hedge, and
could see the birds sit on the trees and
watch, and then come down, one by
one, as at first.

Now each grain of wheat was, as it
were, a small loaf ef bread to me. So
the great thing was to get rid of these
birds. My plan was this, I shot three,
and hung them up, like thieves, to scare
all that came to the corn; and from this
time, as long as the dead ones hung
there, not a bird came near. When the
corn was ripe, I made a scythe out of
the swords from the ship, and got in my
crop. | .

Few of us think of the cost at which
a loaf of bread is made. Of course,



54 Robinson Crusoe.

there was no plough here to turn up the
earth, and no spade to dig it with, so I
made one with wood; but this was soon
worn out, and for want of a rake, I
made use of the bough of a tree. When
I had got the corn home, I had to
thrash it, part the grain from the chaff,
and store it up. “Then came the want
of a mill to grind it, of sieves to clean it,
and of yeast to make bread of it.

Still, my bread was made, though I
had no tools; and no one could say that
I did not earn it by the sweat of my
brow. When the rain kept me in doors,
it was good fun to teach my pet bird
Poll to talk ; but so mute were all things
round me, that the sound of my own
voice made me start.

My chief wants now were jars, pots,
cups, and plates, but I knew not how
I could make them. At last I went in



The Pots and Fars. 55

search of some clay, and found some a
mile from my house; but it was quite a
joke to see the queer shapes and forms
that I made out of it. For some of my
pots and jars were too weak to bear
their own weight; and they would fall
out here, and in there, in all sorts of
ways; while some, when they were put
in the sun to bake, would crack with the
heat of its rays. You may guess what
my joy was when at last a pot was made
which would stand the heat of the fire,
so that I could boil the meat for broth.
The next thing to be made was a
sieve, to part the grain from the husks.
Goat's hair was of no use to me, as |
could not weave or spin; so I madea
shift for two years with a thin kind of
stuff, which I had brought from the ship.
But to grind the corn with the stones
was the worst of all, such hard work did



56 Robinson Crusoe.

I find it. To bake the bread I burnt
some wood down to an ash, which I
threw on the hearth to heat it, and then
set my loaves on the hearth, and in this
way my bread was made.

The next thing to turn my thoughts
to was the ship’s boat, which lay on the
high ridge of sand, where it had been
thrust by the storm which had cast me
on these shores. But it lay with the
keel to the sky, so I had to dig the sand
from it, and turn it up with the help of
a pole. When I had done this, I found
it was all in vain, for I had not the
strength to launch it. So all I could
do now, was to make a boat of less size
out of a tree; and I found one that was
just fit for it, which grew not far from
the shore, but I could no more stir this
than I could the ship’s boat.

What was to be done? I first dug



Gives up his First Boat. 57

the ground flat and smooth all the way
from the boat to the sea, so as to let it
slide down; but this plan did not turn
out well, so I thought I would trya
new way, which was to make a trench,
so as to bring the sea up to the boat, as
the boat could not be brought to the
sea. But to do this, I must have dug
down to a great depth, which would
take one man some years to do. And
when too late, I found it was not wise
to work out a scheme, till I had first
thought of the cost and toil.

“Well,” thought I, “I must give up
the boat, and with it all my hopes to
leave the isle. But I have this to think
of: I am lord of the whole isle ; in fact, a
king. ‘I have wood with which I might
build a fleet, and grapes, if not corn, to
freight it with, though all my wealth is
but a few gold coins.” For these I had



58 Leobinson Crusoe

no sort of use, and could have found it
in my heart to give them all for a peck
of peas and some ink, which last I stood
much in need of. But it was best to
dwell more on what I had, than on what
I had not. |

I now must needs try once more to
build a boat, but this time it was to
have a mast, for which the ship’s sails
. would be of great use. I made a deck
at each end, to keep out the spray of the
sea, a bin for my food, and a rest for my
gun, with a flap to screen it from the
wet. More than all, the boat was one
of such a size that I could launch it.

My first cruise was up and down the
creek, but soon I got bold, and, made
the whole round of my isle. I took with
me bread, cakes, and a pot full of rice,
some rum, half a goat, two great coats,
one of which was to lie on, and one to

¢



Sazls round the Isle. 59

put on at night. I set sail in the sixth
year of my reign. On the East side of
the isle, there was a large ridge of rocks,
which lay two miles from the shore; and
a shoal of sand lay‘for half a mile from
the rocks to the beach. To get round
to this point, I had to sail a great way
ay to sea; and here I all but lost my
ife.

But I got -back to my home at last.
On my way there, quite worn out with
the toils of the boat, I lay down in the
shade to rest my limbs, and slept. But
judge, if you can, what a start I gave,
when a voice woke me out of my sleep,
and spoke my name tHree times! A
voice in this wild place! To call. me by
name, too! .Then the voice said, “ Where
are you? Where have you been? How
came you here?” But now I saw it all ;

for at the top of the hedge sat Poll, who



eo ee
60 Robinson Crusoe.

. did but say the words she had been
taught by me.

I now went in search of some goats,
and laid snares for them, with rice for a
bait. I had set tle traps in the night,
and found they had all stood, though
the bait was gone. So I thought of a
new way to take them, which was to
make a pit and lay sticks and grass on
it, so as to hide it; and in this way I
caught an old goat and some kids. But
the old goat was much too fierce for me,
so I let him go.

I brought all the young ones home,
and let them fast a long time, till at last
they fed from my hand, and were quite
tame. I kept them in a kind of park,
in which there were trees to screen
them from the sun. At first my park
was three miles round; but it struck me
that, in so great a space, the kids would



His Dyess. 61

soon get as wild as if they had the
range of the whole vale, and ‘that it
would be as well to give them less
room; so I had to make a hedge, which
took me three months to plant. My
park held a flock of twelve goats, and
in two years more there were more than
two score.

My dog sat at meals with me, and
one cat on each side of me, on stools,
and we had Poll to talk tous. Now
for a word or two as to the dress in
which I made a tour round the isle. I
could but think how droll it would look
in the streets of the town in which I
was born. I wore a high cap of goat's
skin, with a flap that hung down, to ©
keep the sun and rain from my neck, a
coat made from the skin of a goat too,
the skirts of which came down to my
hips, and the same on my legs, with no



62 Robinson Crusoe

shoes, but flaps of the fur round my
shins. -I had a broad belt of the same
round my waist, which drew on with two
thongs; and from it, on my right side,
hung a saw and an axe; and on my left
side a pouch for the shot. ‘My beard
had not been cut since I came here.
But no more need be said of my looks,
for there were few to see me.

A strange sight was now in store for
me, which was to change the whole
course of my life in the isle.

One day at noon, while on a stroll
down to a part of the shore that was
new to me, what should I see on the
sand but the print of a man’s foot! I
felt as if I was bound by a spell, and
could not stir from the spot.

Bye and bye, I stole a look round me,
but no one was in sight. What could
this mean? I went three or four times



Sees the Print of a Man’s Foot 63

to look at it. There it was—the print
of a man’s foot; toes, heel, and all the
parts of a foot. How could it have
come there ?

My head swam with fear; and as I
left the spot, I made two or three steps,
and then took a look round me; then
two steps more, and did the same thing.
I took fright at the stump of an old
tree, and ran to my house, as if for my
life. How could aught in the shape of
a man come to that shore, and I not
know it? Where was the ship that
brought him? Then a vague dread
took hold of my mind, that some man,
or set of men, had found me out; and
it might be, that they meant to kill mk,
or rob me of all I had.

How strange a thing is the life of
man! One day we love that which the
next day we hate. One day we seek



64 Robinson Crusoe.

what the next day we shun. One day
we long for the ‘thing which the next
day we fear; and so we goon. Now,
from the time that I was cast on this
isle, my great source of grief was that I
should be thus cut off from the rest of
my race. Why, then, should the thought
that a man might be near give me all
this pain? Nay, why should the mere
sight of the print of a man’s foot, make
me quake with fear? It seems most
strange; yet not more strange than true.

Once it struck me that it might be
the print of my own foot, when first the
storm cast me on these shores. Could .
I have come this way from the boat ?
Should it in truth turn out to be the
print of my own foot, I should be like a
boy who tells of a ghost, and feels more
fright at his own tale, than those do
whom he meant to scare.



The Death of the Old Dog. 6 .

Fear kept me in-doors for three days,
till the want of food drove me out. At
last I was so bold as to go down to the
coast to look once more at the print of
the foot, to see if it was the same shape
as my own. | found it was not so large
by a great deal; so it was’ clear there .
were men in the isle. Just at this time
my good watch dog fell down dead at
my feet. He was old and worn out,
and in him I lost my best guard and
friend.
One day as I went from the hill to
the coast, a scene lay in front of me
which made me sick at heart. The
spot was spread with the bones of men.
There was a round place dug in the
earth, where a fire had been made, and
here some men had come to feast.
Now that I had seen this sight, I knew
not how to act; I kept close to my

F



66 Robinson Crusoe.

home, and would scarce stir from it,
save to milk my flock of goats.

To feel safe was now more to me
than to be well fed; and I did not care
to drive a nail, or chop a stick of wood,
lest the sound of it should be heard,
much less would I fire a gun. As to
my bread and meat, I had to bake it at
night when the smoke could not be
seen. But I soon found the way to
burn wood with turf at the top of it,
which made it like chark, or dry coal;
and this I could use by day, as it had
no smoke.

I found in the wood where I went to
get the sticks for my fire, a cave so large
that I could stand in it; but I made
more haste to get out, than in; for two
large eyes, as bright as stars, shone out
from it with a fierce glare. I took a
torch, and went to see what they could



The Old Goat in the Cave. ; 07

be, and found that there was no cause
for fear; for the eyes were those of an
old grey goat, which had gone there to
die of old age. I gave him a push, to
try to get him out of the cave, but he
could not rise from the ground where
he lay; so I left him there to die, as I
could not save his life.

I found the width of the cave was
twelve feet; but part of it, near the
end, was so low that I had to creep on
my hands and feet to go in. What the
length of it was I could not tell, for my
light went out, and I had to give up my
search. The next day, I went to the
cave with large lights made of goat's
fat; and when I got to the end, I found
that the roof rose to two score feet or

more.
_ As my lights shone on the walls and

roof of the cave, a sight burst on my
F 2 .



638 Robinson Crusoe. ¢

view, the charms of which no tongue
could tell; for the walls shone like stars.
What was in the rock to cause this it
was hard to say; they might be gems,
or bright stones, or gold. But let them
be what they may, this cave was a mine
of wealth to me; for at such time as I
felt dull or sad, the bright scene would
flash on my mind's eye, and fill it with
joy.

A score of years had gone by, with no
new sight to rest my eyes on, till this
scene burst on them. I felt as if I
should like to spend the rest of my life
here ; and at its close, lie down to die in
this cave, like the old goat.

As I went home I was struck by the
sight of some smoke, which came from a
fire no more than two miles off. From
this time I lost all my peace of mind.
Day and night a dread would haunt me,



The Dance of the Wild Men. 69

that the men who had made this fire
would find me out. I went home and
drew up my steps, but first I made all
things round me look wild and rude.
To load my gun was the next thing to
do, and I thought it would be best to
stay at home and hide.

But this was not to be borne long.
I had no spy to send out, and all I
could do was to get to the top of the
hill, and keep a good look out. At last,
through my glass, I could see a group of
wild men join in a dance rotind their
fire. As soon as they had left, I took
two guns, and slung a sword on my side ;
then with all speed, I set off to the top of
the hill, once more to have a good view.

This time I made up my mind to go
up to the men, but not with a view to
kill them, for I felt that it would be
wrong todo so. With such a load of



70 Robinson Crusoe.

arms, it took me two hours to reach the
spot where the fire was; and by the
time I got there, the men had all gone;
but I saw them in four boats out at sea.

Down on the shore, there was a proof
of what the work of these men had been.
The signs of their feast made me sick at
heart, and I shut my eyes. I durst not
fire my gun when I went out for food
on that side the isle, lest there should be
some of the men left, who might hear
it, and so find me out. This state of
things went on for a year and three
months, and for all that time I saw no
more men. .

On the twelfth of May, a great storm
of wind blew all day and night. As it
was dark, I sat in my house; and in the
midst of the gale, ] heard a gun fire!
My guess was that it must have been
from: some ship cast on shore by the

*



A Ship cast on the Rocks. 71

storm. So I set a light to some wood
on top of the hill, that those in the ship,
if ship it should be, might know that
some one was there to aid them. I ~
then heard two more guns fire. When
it was light, I went to the South side of
the isle, and there lay the wreck of a
ship, cast on the rocks in the night by
the storm. She was too far off for me
to see if there were men on board.

Words could not tell how much I did
long to bring but one of the ship’s crew
to the shore! So strong was my wish
to save the life of those on board, that I
could have laid down my own life to do
so. There are some springs in the |
heart which, when hope stirs them,
drive the soul on with such a force,
that to lose all chanee of the thing one
hopes for, would seem to make one
mad; and thus was it with me.



72 ' Robinson Crusoe.

Now, I thought, was the time to use
my boat; so I set to work at once to fit
it out. I took on board some rum (of
which [ still had a good deal left), some
dry grapes, a bag of rice, some goat's
milk, and cheese, and then put out to sea.
A dread came on me at the thought of
the risk I had run on the same rocks ;
but my heart did not quite fail me,
though I knew that, as my boat was
small, if a gale of wind should spring
up, all would be lost. Then I found
that I must go back to the shore till
the tide should turn, and the ebb
come on.

_ I made up my mind to go out the

next day with the high tide, so I slept
that night in my boat. At dawn I set
out to sea, and in less than two hours
I came up to the wreck. What ascene
was there! The ship had struck on



Scene on Board the Wreck. ye

two rocks, The stern was torn by the
force of the waves, the masts were swept
off, ropes and chains lay strewn on the
deck, and all was wrapt in gloom. As
I came up to the wreck, a dog swam to
me with a yelp and a whine. I took
him on board my boat, and when I
gave him some bread, he ate it like
a wolf, and as to drink, he would have
burst, if I had let him take his fill
of it.

I went to the cook’s room, where I
found two men, but they were both
dead. The tongue was mute, the ear
was deaf, the eye was shut, and the lip
was stiff; still the sad tale was told, for
each had his arm round his friend’s
neck, and so they must have sat to wait
for death. What a change had come
on the scene, once so wild with the lash
of the waves and the roar of the wind!



74 Robinson Crusoe,

All was calm now—death had done its
work, and all had felt its stroke, save
the dog, and he was the one thing that
still had life.

I thought the ship must have come
from Spain, and there was much gold
on board. I took some of the chests
and put them in my boat, but did not
wait to see what they held, and with
this spoil, and three casks of rum, I
came back. .

I found all things at home just as I
had left them, my goats, my cats, and
my bird. The scene in the cook’s room
was in my mind day and night, and to
cheer me up I drank some of the rum.
I then set to work to bring my freight
from the shore, where I had left it. In
the chests there were two great bags of
gold, and some bars of the same, and
near these lay three small flasks and



Sux Boats on the Shore. 75

three bags of shot, which were a great
prize.

From this time, all went well with me
for two years; but it was not to last.
One day, as I stood on the hill, I saw six
boats on the shore! What could this
mean? Where were the men who had
brought them? And what had they
come for? I saw through my glass that
there were a score and a half, at least, on
the east side of the isle. They had
meat on the fire, round which I could
see them dance. They then took a
man from one of the boats, who was
bound hand and foot; but when they
came to loose his bonds, he set off as
fast as his feet would take him, and in a
straight line to my house.

To tell the truth, when I saw all the
rest of the men run to catch him, my
hair stood on end with fright. In the



76 Robinson Crusoe

- creek, he swam like a fish, and the plunge
which he took brought him through it in
a few strokes. All the men now gave
up the chase but two, and they swam
through the creek, but by no means so
fast as the slave had done. Now, I
thought, was the time for me to help the
poor man, and my heart told me it would
be right to doso. I ran down my steps
with my two guns, and went with all
speed up the hill, and then down by a
short cut to meet them.

I gave a sign to the poor slave to
come to me, and at the same time went
up to meet the two men, who were in
chase of him. I made a rush at the
first of these, to knock him down with the
stock of my gun, and he fell. I saw the
one who was left, aim at me with his
bow, so, to save my life, 1 shot him
dead.



Saves the Life of a Slave. ag

The smoke and noise from my gun,
gave the poor slave who had been bound,
such a shock, that he stood still on the
spot, as if he had been in a trance. I
gave a loud shout for him to come to me,
and | took care to show him that I was
a friend, and made all the signs I could
think of to coax him up to me. At:
length he came, knelt down to kiss the
ground, and then took hold of my foot,
and set it on his head. All this meant
that he was my slave; and I bade him
rise, and made much of him.

But there was more work to be done
yet; for the man who had had the blow
from my gun was not dead. I made a
sign for my slave (as I shall now call
him) to look at him. At this he spoke
to me, and though I could not make out
what he said, yet it gave me a shock of
joy ; for it was the first sound of a man’s



73 Robinson Crusoe

voice that I -had heard, for all the years
I had been on the isle.

The man whom I had struck with
the stock:of my gun, sat up; and my
slave, who was in great fear of him,
made signs for me to lend him my
sword, which hung in a belt’at my side.
With this he ran up to the man, and
with one stroke cut off his head. When
he had done this, he brought me back
my sword with a laugh, and put it down
in front of me. I did not like to see the
glee with which he did it, and I did not
feel that my own life was quite safe with
such a man.

He, in his turn, could but lift up his
large brown hands with awe, to think
that I had put his foe to death, while I
stood so far from him. But as to the
sword, he and the rest of his tribe made
use of swords of wood, and this was



The Slave. 79

why he knew so well how to wield mine.
He made signs to me to let him go and
see the man who had been shot; and
he gave him a turn round, first on this
side, then on that; and when he saw
the wound made in his breast by the
shot, he stood quite still once more, as
if he had lost his wits. I made signs
for him to come back, for my fears told
me that the rest of the men might come
in search of their friends.

1 did not like to take my slave to
my house, nor to my cave; so I threw
down some straw from the rice plant for
him to sleep on, and gave him some .
bread and a bunch of dry grapes to eat.
He was a fine man, with straight strong
limbs, tall, and young. Huis hair was
thick, like wool, and black. His head
was large and high; and he had bright
black eyes. He,was of a dark brown



80 Robinson Crusoe

hue: his face was round, and his nose
small, but not flat; he had a good
mouth with thin lips, with which he
could give a soft smile; and his teeth
were as white as snow.

I had been to milk my goats in the
field close by, and when he saw me, he
ran to me, and lay down on the ground
to show me his thanks. He then put
his head on the ground, and set my foot
on his head, as he had done. at first.
He took all the means he could think
of, to let me know that he would serve
me all his life; and I gave a sign to
show that I thought well of him.

The next thing was to think of some
name to call him by. I chose that of the
sixth day of the week (Friday), as he
came to me on that day. I took care
not to lose sight of him all that night,
and when the sun rose, I made signs



Gives Clothes to his Slave. 81

for him to come to me, that I might
give him some clothes, for he wore
none. We then went up to the top of
the hill, to look out for the men ; but as
we could not see them, or their fone it
was clear that they had left the isle.

My slave has since told me that they
had had a great fight with the tribe that
dwelt next to them; and that all those
men whom each side took in war were
theirown by right. My slave's foes had
four who fell to their share, of whom he
was one. |

I now set to work to make my man a
cap of hare’s skin, and gave him a goat's
skin to wear round his waist. It was a
great source of pride to him, to find that
his clothes were as good as my own. —

At night, I kept my guns, sword, and
bow close to my side; but there was

no need for this, as my slave was, in
Gq a :



82 Robinson Crusoe.

sooth, most true tome. He did all that
he was set to do, with his whole heart
in the work; and I knew that he would
lay down his life to save mine. What
could a man do more than that? And
oh, the joy to have him here to cheer
me in this lone isle!

I did my best to teach him, so like a
child as he was, to do and feel all that
‘ was right. I found him apt, and full of
fun; and he took great pains to learn all
that I could tell him. Our lives ran on
in a calm, smooth way; and, but for the
vile feasts which were held on the shores,
I felt no wish to leave the isle.

As my slave had by no means lost his
zest for these meals, it struck me that’
the best way to cure him, was to let him |
taste the flesh of beasts; so I took him
with me one day to the wood for some
sport. I saw a she-goat, in the shade,



Friday and the Gun. 83,
with her two kids. I caught Friday by

the arm, and made signs to him not
to stir, and then shot one of the kids:
but the noise of the gun gave the poor
man a great shock. He did not see the
kid, nor did he know that it was dead.
He tore his dress off his breast to feel if
there was a wound there; then he knelt
down to me, and took hold of my knees
to pray of me,not to kill him.

To show poor Friday that his life was
quite safe, I led him by the hand, and
told him to fetch the kid. By and by,
I®saw a hawk in a tree, so I bade him
look at the gun, the hawk, and the
ground ; and then I shot the bird. But
my poor slave gave stil! more signs of
fear this time, than he did at first : for he
shook from head to foot. He must
have thought that some fiend of death
dwelt in the gun, and I think that he

> G2



84 Robinson Crusoe.

would have knelt down to it, as well as
to me; but he would not so much as
touch the gun for some time, though he
would speak to it when he thought I
was not near. Once he told me that
what he said to it was to ask it not to
kill him.

I brought home the bird, and made
broth of it. Friday was much struck to
see me eat salt with it, and made a wry
face; but I, in my turn, took some that
had no salt with it, and I made a wry
face at that. The next day I gave him
a piece of kid’s flesh, which I had hung
by a string in front of the fire to roast.
My plan was to put two poles, one on
each side of the fire, and a stick on the
top of them to hold the string. When
my slave came to taste the flesh, he took
the best means to let me know how
good he thought it.



Friday learns to make Bread. 85

The next day I set him to beat out
and sift some corn. I let him see me
make the bread, and he soon did all the
work. I felt quite a love for his true,
warm heart, and he soon learnt to talk
tome. One day I said, ‘“ Do the men
of your tribe win in fight?” He told
me, with a smile, that they did. ‘“‘ Well,
then,” said I, “ How camc .they to let
their foes take you ?”

“ They run one, two, three, and make
go in the boat that time.’

“Well, and what do the men ae with
those they take ?”

“Eat them all up.”

This was not good news for me, but
I went on, and said, “ Where do they
take them ?”

“Go to next place where they think.”

“Do they come here ?”

“Yes, yes, they come here, come else
place too.’



86 Robinson Crusoe.

“Have you been here with them
twice ?” .

“Yes come there.”

He meant the North West side of
the isle, so to this spot I took him the
next day. He knew the place, and told
me he was there once with a score of
men. To let me know this, he put a
score of stones all of a row, and made
me count them.

“ Are not the boats lost on your shore
now and then?” He said that there
was no fear, and that no boats were lost.
He told me that up a great way by the
moon—that is where the moon then
came up—there dwelt a tribe of white
men like me, with beards. I felt sure
that they must have come from Spain,
to work the gold mines. I put this to
him: “Could I go from this isle and
join those men?”



Friday tells of White Men. 87

“Yes, yes, you may go in two
boats.”

It was hard to see how one man
could go in two boats, but what he
meant was, a boat twice as large as my
own.

One day I said to my slave, “ Do
you know who made you ?”

But he could not tell at all what
these words meant. So I said, “ Do
you know who’ made the sea, the ground
we tread -on, the hills, and woods?”
He said it was Beek, whose home was
a great way off, and that he was so old,
that the sea and the land were not so
old as he.

“Tf this old man has made all things,
why do not all things bow down to
him ?” | !

My slave.gave a.grave look, and said,
“All things say ‘O’ to him.”



88 Robinson Crusoe.

‘Where do the men in your land go
when they die?”

* All go to Beek.”

I then held my hand up to the sky to
point to it, and said, “‘God dwells there.
He made the world, and all things in it.
The moon and the stars are the work of
his hand. God sends the wind and the
rain on the earth, and the streams that
flow: He hides the face of the sky with
clouds, makes the grass to grow for the
beasts of the field, and herbs-for the use
of man. God's love knows no end.
When we pray, He draws near to us
and hears us.”

It was a real joy to my poor slave
to hear me talk of these things. He
sat still for a long time, then gave a
sigh, and told me that he would say
“O” to Beek no more, for he was but
a short way off, and yet could not hear,



Tells Friday of God. 89
till men went up the hill to speak to
~ him.

“Did you go up the hill to speak: to
him?” said I.

“No, Okes go up to Beek, not young
_ mans.

“What do Okes say to him?”

“They say ‘O.”’

Now that 1 brought my man Friday
to know that Beek was not the true
God, such was the sense he had of my
worth, that I had fears lest I should
stand in the place of Beek. I did my
best to call forth his faith in Christ, and
make it strong ‘and clear, till at last—
thanks be to the Lord—I brought him.
to the love of Him, with the whole grasp
of his soul.

To please my poor slave, I gave him
a sketch of my whole life; I told him
where I was born, and where | spent



Full Text

Robinson Crusoe.



kid stood near her, till I took her off on
my back, and then the young one ran
by my side. I put down the goat, and
brought the kid home to tame it; but
as it was too young to feed, I had to
kill it.
At first I thought that, for the lack of
pen and ink, I should lose all note of
time; so I made a large post, in the
shape of a cross, on which I cut these
words, I came on these shores, on the
8th day of June, in the year 1659." On
the side of this post I made a notch each
day as it came, and this I kept up till
the last.
I have not yet said a word of my four
pets, which were two cats, a dog, and a
,bird. You may guess how fond I was
of them, for they were all the friends left
to me. I brought the dog and two cats
from the ship. The dog would fetch



40






es ©

ROBINSON CRUSOE

IN WORDS OF

ONE SYLLABLE.

BY

MARY GODOLPHIN.
WITH COLOURED ILLUSTRATIONS,

NEW YORK:
GEORGE ROUTLEDGE & SONS,

416 BROOME STREET.
BY THE SAME AUTHOR,
Uniform with this Edition of “ Robinson Crusoe.”

EVENINGS AT HOME IN WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE,
With Eight Illustrations in Colours by Kronuzim.
Price $1.50 cloth.
THE SWISS FAMILY ROBINSON IN WORDS OF ONE «
SYLLABLE. :

With Eight Illustrations in Colours by KronnEim.
Price $1.50 cloth.


ae Yay: =X
> ay Ste
ex Ses oo



PREFACE.

—_——I——

PALLE production of a book which ©

&




: sa

is adapted to the use of the
Tonnes readers needs but few words
of excuse or apology. The nature
of the work seems to be sufficiently
explained by the title itself, and the
author's task has been chiefly to re-
duce the ordinary language into words

of one syllable. But although, as far
iv Preface.

as the subject matter is concerned, the
book can lay no claims to originality, it
is believed that the idea and scope of
its construction are entirely novel, for
the One Syllable literature of the pre-
sent day furnishes little more than a few
short, unconnected sentences, and those
chiefly in spelling books.

The deep interest which De Foe’s
story has never failed to arouse in the

minds of the young, induces the author
to hope that it may be acceptable in its
present form.

It should be stated that exceptions
Preface. v

to the rule of using words of one syllable
exclusively have been made in the case
of the proper names of the boy Xury
and of the man Friday, and in the
titles of the illustrations that accompany
the work.


LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

—j——.

Plete. . To face page

+ %

ann

10,

Ir.

tw,

ROBINSON CRUSOE ON THE RAFT wecceccccccccccccvcccccsccs ree
ROBINSON CRUSOE BRINGS IN THE FIRST KID .....cccocee oe
ROBINSON CRUSOE. WITH HIS FAMILY AT DINNER ees
ROBINSON CRUSOE DISCOVERS A LARGE CAVERN ..cccccceree
ROBINSON CRUSOE RESCUES FRIDAY ....ccccccccccccccccccccves

ROBINSON CRUSOE RELEASES THE SPANIARD FROM THE

CANNIBALS .cccccccccccvccccccsccsccece ec ccccc cece ces ceccecenccce
FRIDAY MEETS HIS FATHER AGAIN......seccececeee eo cecccccccces

THE GOOD ENGLISHMEN’S COLONY .....ceceseessesees ee ecececece

. THE FLIGHT INTO THE FOREST ......ccccccccccccccccccccccceves

THE AMBUSCADE _ ..ccccccccccccccccccccccccccsccess eeeeee coccccccees
ROBINSON CRUSOE TRAVELLING IN CHINA. ....cccccccccccecees

REPULSE OF TARTAR ROBBERS.......sssscscocceccscssescescssoens

32
40
61
67
77

100
102
125
133
137
151

159





ROBINSON CRUSOE,
In words of One Syllable.

enn ome

eaitca WAS born at York on the
BN eq first of March in* the sixth year
' of the reign of King Charles the
First. From the time when I was quite
a young child, I had felt a great wish
to spend my life at sea, and as I grew,
so did this taste grow more and more
strong; till at last I broke loose from
my school and home, and found my way
on foot to Hull, where I soon got a
place on board a ship.

When we had set sail but a few days,
a squall of wind came on, and on the
fifth night we sprang a leak. All hands

B :


y ‘ » i"
2 Robinson Crusoe.

were sent to the pumps, but we felt the
ship groan in all her planks, and her
beams quake from stem to stern; so
that it was soon quite clear there was
no hope for her, and that all we could
do was to save our lives.

‘The first thing was to fire off guns, to
show that we were in need of help, and
at length a ship, which lay not far from
us, sent a boat to our aid. But the sea
was too rough for it to lie near our ship’s
side, so we threw out a rope, which the
men in the boat caught, and made fast,
and by this means we all got in.

Still, in so wild a sea it was vain to
try to get on board the ship which had
sent out the men, or to use our oars in

the boat, and all we could do was to let
it drive to shore.

In the space of half an hour our own
ship struck on a rock and went down,
¢

The First Wreck. 3

and we saw her no more. We made but
slow way to the land, which we caught
sight of now rnd then when the boat
rose to the top of some high wave, and
there we saw men who ran in crowds, to
and fro, all bent on one thing, and that
was to save us.

At last to our great joy we got on
shore, where we had the luck to meet
with friends who gave us the means to
get back to Hull; and if I had now had
the good sense to go home, it would
have been well for me. |

The man whose ship had gone down
said with a grave look, “‘ Young lad, you
ought to go to sea no more, it is not the
kind of life for you.” ““ Why sir, will you
go tc sea no more then?” “ That is not
the same kind of thing; I was bred to
the sea, but you were not, and came on
board my ship just to find out what a

B 2
4 Robinson Crusoe.

life at sea was like, and you may guess
what you will come to if you do not go
back to your home. God will not bless
you, and it may be that you have
brought all this woe on us.”

I spoke not a word more to him;
which way he went I knew not, nor did
I care to know, for I was hurt at this
rude speech. Shall I go home thought
I, or shall I go to'sea? Shame kept
me from home, and I could not make
up my mind what course of life to take.

As it has been my fate through life to
choose for the worst, so I did now. I
had gold in my purse, and good clothes
on my back, and to sea I went once
more,

But I had worse luck this time than
the last, for when we were far out at sea,
some Turks in a small ship came on
our track in full chase. We set as
The Turks come in Chase. 8

much sail as our yards would bear, so as
to get clear from them. But in spite of
this, we saw our foes gain on us, and we
felt’ sure that, they would come up with
our ship in a few hours’ time.

At last they caught us, but we
brought our guns to bear on them,
which made them shear off for a time,
yet they kept up a fire at us as long as
they were in range. The next time the
Turks came up, some of their men got
on board our ship, and set to work to
cut the sails, and do us all kinds of
harm. So, as ten of our men lay dead,
and most of the rest had wounds, we
gave in.

The chief of the Turks took me as
his prize to a port which was held by the
Moors. He did not use me so ill as at
first I thought pe would have done, but
he set me to work with the rest of his

®
6 Robinson Crusoe.

slaves. This was a change in my life
which I did not think had been in store
for me. How my heart sank with grief
at the thought of those whom I had left
at home, nay, to whom I had not had
the grace so much as to say “Good
bye” when I went to sea, nor to give &
hint of what I meant to do!

Yet all that I went through at this
time was but a taste of the toils and
cares which it has since been my lot to
bear.

I thought at first that the Turk might
take me with him when next he went to
sea, and so I should find some way to -
get free; but the hope did not last long,
for at such times he left me on shore to
see to his crops. This kind of life I led
for two years, and as the Turk knew
and saw more of me, hegmade me more
and more free. He went out in his

a
A Slave to the Turk. 7

boat once or twice a week to catch a
kind of flat fish, and now and then he
took me and a boy with him, for we
were quick at this kind of sport, and he
grew quite fond of me.

One day the Turk sent me in the
boat to catch some fish, with no one else
but a man and a boy. While we were
out, so thick a fog came on, that though
we were not half a mile from the shore,
we quite lost sight of it for twelve hours ;
and when the sun rose the next day, our
boat was at least ten miles out at sea.
The wind blew fresh, and ‘we were all
much in want of food, but at last, with
the help of our oars and sail, we got back
safe to land.

When the Turk heard how we had
lost our way, he said that the next time
he went out, he would take a boat that
would hold all we could want if we were
8 : Robinson Crusoe.

kept out at sea. So he had quite a state
room built in the long boat of his ship,
as well as a room for us slaves. One
day he sent me to trim the boat, as he
had two friends who would go in it to
fish with him. But when the time came
they did not go, so he sent me with the
man and the boy—whose name was
Xury—to catch some fish for the guests
that were to sup with him. :
Now the thought struck me all at
once that this would be a good chance
to set off with the’boat, and get free.
So in the first place, I took all the food
that I could lay my hands on, and I told
the man that it would be too bold of us
to eat of the bread that had been put in
the boat for the Turk. He said he
thought so too, and he brought down a
small sack of rice and some rusks.
While the man was on shore I put
In the Turk’s Boat. 9

‘up some wine, a large lump of wax, a
saw, an axe, a spade, some rope, and all
sorts of things that might be of use to
us. I knew where the Turk’s case of
wine was, and I put that in the boat
while the man was on shore. By one
more trick I got all that I had need of.
I said to the boy, “the Turk’s guns are
in the boat, but -there is no shot. Do’
you think you could get some? You
know where it is kept, and we may want
to shoot a fowl or two.’ So he brought
a case and a pouch which held all that
we could want for the guns. These I
put in the boat, and then set sail out of
the port to fish.

The wind blew from the North, or
North West, which was a bad wind for
me; for had it been South, I could have
made for the coast of Spain. But, blow
which way it might, my mind was made
10 Robinson Crusoe.

up to get off, and to leave the rest to
fate. I then let down my lines. to fish,
but I took care to have bad sport; and
when the fish bit, I would not pull them
up, for the Moor was not to see them.
I said to him, “‘ This will not do, we shall’
catch no fish here, we ought to sail on a
bit.” Well, the Moor thought there was
"no harm in this. He set the sails, and,
as the helm was in my hands, I ran
the boat out a mile or more, and then
brought her to, as if I meant to fish.

Now, thought I, the time has come
for me to get free! I gave the helm
to the boy, and then took the Moor
round the waist, and threw him out of
the boat.

Down he went! but soon rose up, for
he swam like a duck. He said he would
go all round the world with me, if I
would but take him in.
Throws the Moor out of the Boat. a

I had some fear lest he should climb
up the boat’s side, and force his way
back} so I brought my gun to point at
him, and said, “ You can swim to land
with ease if you choose, make haste then
to get there; but if you come near the
boat you shall have a shot through the
head, for I mean to be a free man from
this hour.” | : |

He then swam for the shore, and no
doubt got safe there, as the sea was so
calm. ,

At first I thought I would take the
Moor: with me, and let Xury swim to
land: but the Moor was not a man that
I could trust.

When he was gone I said to Xury,
“Tf you will swear to be true to me, you
shall be a great man in time; if not, I
must throw you out of the boat too.”

The poor boy gave me such a sweet
12 Robinson Crusoe.

smile as he swore to be true to me, that
I could not find it in my heart to doubt
him. .

While the man was still in view (for
he was on his way to the land), we stood
out to sea with the boat, so that he and
those that saw us from the shore, might
think we had gone to thé straits’ mouth,
for no one went to the South coast, as
a tribe of men dwelt there who were
known to kill and eat their foes.

We then bent our course to the East,
so as to keep in with the shore; and as
we had a fair wind and a smooth sea, by
the next day at noon, we were not less
than 150 miles out of the reach of the
Turk.

I had still some fear lest I should be
caught by the Moors, so I would not go
on shore in the day time. But when it
grew dark we made our way to the coast,
Wild Beasts on the Shore. 13

and came to the mouth of a stream, from
which we thought we would swim to
land, and then look round us. But as
soon as it was quite dark we heard
strange sounds—barks, roars, grunts,
and howls. The poor lad said he
could not go on shore till dawn, “Well,”
said I, “then we must give it up, but it
may be that in the day time we shall be
seen by men, who for all we know would
‘do us more harm than wild beasts.”
“Then we give them the shoot gun,”
said Xury with a laugh, “and make:
them run way.” I was glad to see so
much mirth in the boy, and gave him
some bread and rice.

We lay still at night, but did not sleep
long, for in a few hours’ time some huge
beasts came down to the sea to bathe.
The poor boy shook from head to foot.
at the sight. One of these beasts came
14 Robinson Crusoe.

near our boat, and though it was too
dark to see him well, we heard him puff
and blow, and knew that he must be a
large one by the noise he made. At
last the brute came as near to the boat
as two oars length, so I shot at him,
and he swam to the shore.

The roar and cries set up by beasts
and birds at the noise of my gun would
seem to show that.we had made a bad
choice of a place to land on; but be that
as it would, to shore we had to go to find
some fresh spring, so that we might fill
our casks. Xury said if I would let him
go with one of the jars, he would find out
if the springs were fit to drink; and, if
they were sweet, he would bring the jar
back full. ‘“ Why should you go ?” said
I; “ Why should not I go, and you ‘stay
in the boat?” At this Xury said, “if
wild mans come they eat me, you: go
Xury finds a Fresh Spring. 1§

way.” I could not but love the lad for
this kind speech. ‘‘ Well,” said I, “we
will both go, and if the wild men come
we must kill them, they shall not eat you
or me.” |

I gave Xury some rum from the
Turk’s case to cheer him up, and we
went on shore. The boy went off with
his gun, full a mile from the spot where
we stood, and came back with a hare
that he had shot, which we were glad to
cook and eat; but the good news which
he brought was that he had found a
spring, and had seen no wild men.

I made a guess that the Cape de
Verd Isles were not far off, for I saw
the top of the Great Peak, which I knew
was near them. My one hope was that
if I kept near the coast, I should find ©
some ship that would take us on board ;
and then, and not till then, should I feel
16 Roeineon Crusoe.

a free man. In a word, I put the whole
of my fate on this chance, that I must
meet with some ship, or die.

On the coast we saw some men who
stood to look at us. They were black,
and wore no clothes. I would have
gone on shore to them, but Xury—who
knew best—said, “ Not you. go! Not
you go!” So I brought the boat as near
the land as I could, that I might talk to
them, and they kept up with me a long
way. I saw that one of them had a
lance in his hand.

I made signs that they should bring
me some food, and they on their part
made signs for me to stop my boat. So
I let down the top of my sail, and lay
by, while two of them ran off; and in
less than half an hour they came back
with some dry meat and a sort of corn
which is grown. in this part of the world.
The Wild Men on the Shore. 7

This we should have been glad to get,
but knew not how to do so ; for we durst
not go on shore to them, nor did they
dare to come to us.

At last they took a safe way for us
all, for they brought the food to the
shore, where they set it down, and then
went a long way off while we took it in.
We made signs to show our thanks, for
we had not a thing that we could spare
to give them.

But as good luck would have it, we
were at hand to take a great prize for
them ; for two wild beasts, of the same
kind as the first I spoke of, came in full
chase from the hills down to the sea.

They swam as if they had come for

port. The men flew from them in

ear, all but the one who held the lance.

ne of these beasts came near our

oat ; so I lay in wait for him with my
c
i8 Robinson Crusoe.

gun; and as soon as the brute was in
range, I shot him through the head.
Twice he sank down in the sea, and
twice he came up; and then just swam
to the land, where he fell down dead.
The men were in as much fear at the
sound of my gun, as they had been at
the sight of the beasts. But when I
made signs for them to come to the
shore, they took heart, and came.

They at once made for their prize;
and by the help of a rope, which they
slung round him, they brought him safe
on the beach.

We now left our wild men, and went
on and on, for twelve days more. The
land in front of us ran out four or five
miles, like a bill; and we had to keep
some way from the coast, to make this
point, so that we lost sight of the shore.

I gave the helm to Xury and sat
A Ship in Sight. 19

down to think what would be my best
course to take: when all at once I heard
the lad cry out “A ship with a sail! A
ship with a sail!” He did not show
much joy at the sight, for he thought
that this ship had been sent out to take
him back: but I knew well, from the
look of her, that she was not one of the ©
Turk’s. | e

I made all the sail I could to core in
the ship’s way, and told Xury to fire a
gun, in the hope that if those on deck
could not hear the sound, they might see
the smoke. This they did see, and then
let down their sails so that we might
come up to them, and in three hours
time we were at the ship's side. The
men spoke to us in French, but I could
not make out what they meant. At last
a Scot on board said in my own tongue,
“Who are you? Whence do you

Cc 2
20 Robinson Crusoe.

come?” JI told him ina few words how
I had got free from the Moors. |
Then the man who had charge of the
ship bade me come on board, and took
me in with Xury and all my goods. I
told him that he might take all I had,
but he said ‘“‘ You shall have your goods
back when we come to land, for I have but
done for you what you would have done
for me, had I been in the same plight.”
He gave me a good round sum for
my boat, and said that I should have the
same sum for Xury, if I would part with
him. But I told him that as it was by
the boy’s help that I had got free, I was
loath to sell him. He said it was just
and right in me to feel thus, but at the
same time, 1f I could make up my mind
to part with him, he should be set free
In two years time. So, as the poor
slave had a wish to go with him, I did
At All Saints’ Bay. a1

not say “no.” I got to All Saints’ Bay in
three weeks, and was now a free man.

I had made a good sum by all my
store, and with this I went on land. But
I did not at all know what to do next.
At length I met with a man whose case
was much the same as my own, and we
both took some land to farm. My stock,
like his, was low, but we made our farms
serve to keep us in food, though not
more than that. We both stood in
need of help, and I saw now that I had
done wrong to part with my boy.

I did not at all like this kind of life.
What! thought I, have I come all this
way to do that which I could have done
as well at home with my friends round
me! And to add to my grief, the kind
friend, who had brought me here in his
ship, now meant to leave these shores.

On my first start to sea when a boy, I
22 Robinson Crusoe.

had put a small sum in the hands of an
aunt, and this my friend said I should
do well to spend on my farm. So when
he got home he sent some of it in cash,
and laid out the rest in cloth, stuffs,
baize, and such like goods. My aunt
had put a few pounds in my friend’s
hands as a gift to him, to show her
thanks for all that he had done for me,
and with this sum he was so kind as to
buy me a slave. In the mean time I
had bought a slave, so now I had two,
and all went on well for the next year.
But soon my plans grew too large for
my means. One day some men came
to ask me to take charge of a slave ship
to be sent out by them. They said they
would give me a share in the slaves, and
pay the cost of the stock. This would
have been a good thing for me if I had
not had farms and land ; but it was wild
Goes to Sea Once More. 23

and rash to think of it now, for I had
made a large sum, and ought to have
gone on in the same way for three or
four years more. Well, I told these
men that I would go with all my heart, if
they would look to my farm in the mean
time, which they said they would do.

. SoI made my will, and went on board
this ship on the same day on which,
eight years since, I had left Hull. She
had six guns, twelve men, and a boy.
We took with us saws, chains, toys,
beads, bits of glass, and such like ware,
to suit the taste of those with whom we
had to trade.

We were not more than twelve days
from the Line, when a high wind took
us off we knew not where. All at once
there was a cry of “ Land!” and the
ship struck on a bank of sand, in which
she sank so deep that we could not get
24 Robinson Crusoe.

her off. At last we found that we must
make up our minds to leave.her, and
get to shore as well as we could. There
had been a boat at her stern, but we
found it had been torn off by the force
of the waves. One small boat was still’
left on the ship’s side, so we got in it.

There we were all of us on the wild
sea. The heart of each now grew faint,
our cheeks were pale, and our eyes were
dim, »for there was but one hope, and
that was to find some bay, and so get in
the lee of the land. We now gave up
our whole souls to God.

The sea grew more and more rough,
and its white foam would curl and boil.
At last the waves, in their wild sport,
burst on the boat’s side, and we were
all thrown out.

I could swim well, but the force of the
waves made me lose my breath too much
The Wreck. 25

todoso. At length one large wave took
me to the shore, and left me high and
dry, though half dead with fear. I got on
my feet and made the best of my way.
for the land; but just then the curve of a
huge wave rose up as high as a hill, and
this I had no strength to keep from, so
it took me back to the sea. I did my
best to float on the top, and held my
breath to do so. The next wave was
quite as high, and shut me up in its
bulk. I held my hands down .tight to-
my side, and then. my head shot out at
the top of the waves. This gave me heart
_ and breath too, and soon my feet felt the
ground.

I stood quite still for a short time, to
let the sea run back from me, and then
I set off with all my might to the shore,
but yet the waves caught me, and twice
more did they take me back, and twice
26 Robinson Crusoe.

more land me on the shore. I thought
the last wave would have been the death
of me, for it drove me on a piece of rock,
and with such force, as to leave me in a
kind of swoon, which, thank God, did
not last long. At length, to my great Joy,
I got up to the cliffs close to the shore,
where I found some grass, out of the
reach of the sea. There I sat down,
safe on land at last.

I could but cry out in the words of
the Psalm, “ They that go down to the
sea in ships, these men see the works of
the Lord in the deep. For at His word
the storms rise, the winds blow, and lift
up the waves; then do they mount to
the sky, and from thence go down to the
deep. My soul faints, I reel to and fro,
and am at my wit’s end: then the Lord
brings me out of all my fears.”

I felt so wrapt in joy, that all I could
Safe at Last. 27

do was to walk up and down the coast,
now lift up my hands, now fold them on
my breast, and thank God for all that
He had done for me, when the rest of
the men were lost. All lost but I, and
I was safe! I now cast my eyes round
me, to find out what kind of a place it
was that I had been thus thrown in, like
a bird ina storm. Then all the glee I
felt at first left me; for I was wet and
cold, and had no dry clothes to put on, no
food to eat, and not a friend to help me.

There were wild beasts here, but I
had no gun to shoot them with, or to
keep me from their jaws. I had but a
knife and a pipe.

It now grew dark; and where was I
to go for the night? I thought the top
of some high tree would be a good place
to keep me out of harm’s way; and that
there I might sit and think of death
238 Robinson Crusoe

for, as yet, [ had no hopes of life.
Well, I went to my tree, and made
a kind of nest to sleep in. Then I cut
a stick to keep off the beasts of prey, in
case they should come, and fell to sleep
just as if the branch I lay on had beena
bed of down.

When I woke up it was broad day ;
the sky too was clear and the sea calm.
But I saw from the top of the tree that
in the night the ship had left the bank
of sand, and lay but a mile from me;
while the boat was on the beach, two
miles on my right. I went some way
down by the shore, to get to the boat ;
but an arm of the sea, half a mile broad,
kept me from it. At noon, the tide went
a long way out, so that I could get near
the ship; and here I found that if we
had but made up our minds to stay on
board, we should all have been safe.
Swims to the Ship. 29

I shed tears at the thought, for I could
not help it; yet, as there was no use in
that, it struck me that the best thing for
me to do was to swim to the ship. I
soon threw off my clothes, took to the
sea, and swam up to the wreck. But
how was I to get on deck? I had swum
twice round the ship, when a piece of
rope caught my eye, which hung down °
from her side so low, that at first the
waves hid it. By the help of this rope
I got on board.

I found that there was a bulge in the
ship, and that she had sprung a leak.
You may be sure that my first thought
was to look round for some food, and [|
soon made my way to the bin, where the
bread was kept, and ate some of it as I
went to and fro, for there was no time
to lose. There was, too, some rum, of

which I took a good draught, and this
30 Robinson Crusoe.

gave me heart. What I stood most in:
need of, was a boat to take the goods to
shore. But it was vain to wish for that
which could not be had; and as there
were some spare yards in the ship, two
or three large planks of wood, and a
spare mast or two, I fell to work with
these, to make a raft.

I put four spars side by side, and laid
short bits of plank on them, cross ways,
to make my raft strong. Though these
planks would bear my own weight, they
were too slight to bear much of my
freight. So I took a saw which was on
board, and cut a mast in three lengths,
and these gave great strength to the raft.
I found some bread and rice, a Dutch
cheese, and some dry goat's flesh. There
had been some wheat, but the rats had
got at it, and it was all gone.

My next task was to screen my goods
|

The First Freight. 31

from the spray of the sea; and it did
not take me long to do this, for there
were three large chests on board which
held all, and these I put on the raft.
When the high tide came up it took off
my coat and shirt, which I had left on
the shore; but there were some fresh
clothes in the ship.

“See here is a prize!” said I, out
loud, (though there were none to hear
me), “now I shall not starve.” For I
found four large guns. But how was
my raft to be got toland? I had nosail,
no oars; and a gust of wind would make
all my store slide off. Yet there were
three things which I was glad of; a calm
sea, a tide which set in to the shore, and
a slight breeze to blow me there.

I had the good luck to find some oars
in a part of the ship, in which I had

- made no search till now. With these I
32 Robinson Crusoe

put to sea, and for half a mile my raft
went well; but soon I found it drove to
one side. At length I saw a creek, to
which, with some toil, I took my raft ;
and now the beach was so near, that I
felt my oar touch the ground.

Here I had well nigh lost my freight,
for the shore lay on a slope, so that there
was no place to land on, save where one
end of the raft would lie so high, and
one end so low, that all my goods would
fall off. To wait till the tide came up
was all that could be done. So when
the sea was a foot deep, I thrust the
raft on a flat piece of ground, to moor
her there, and stuck my two oars in the
sand, one on each side of the raft. Thus
I let her lie till the ebb of the tide, and
when it went down, she was left safe on
land with all her freight.

I saw that there were birds on the

Brings his Raft Safe to Land. 33 .

isle, and I shot one of them. Mine must
have been the first gun that: had been
heard there since the world was made;
for, at the sound of it, whole flocks of .
birds flew up, with loud cries, from all
parts of the wood. The shape of the
beak of the one I shot was like that of a
hawk, but the claws were not so large.

I now went back to my raft to land
my stores, and this took up the rest of
the day. What to do at night I knew
not, not where to find a safe place to
land my stores on. I did not like to lie
down on the ground, for fear of beasts
of prey, as well as snakes, but there was
no cause for these fears, as I have since
found. I put the chests and boards
round me as well as I could, and made
a kind of hut for the night.

As there was still a great store of
things left in the ship, which would be

D
34 Robinson Crusoe.

of use to me, I thought that I ought to
bring them to land at once; for I knew
that the first storm would break up the
ship. So I went on board, and took
good care this time not to load my raft
too much.

The first thing I sought for was the tool
chest ; and in it were some bags of nails,
spikes, saws, knives, and such things :.
but best of all, I found a stone to grind
my tools on. There were two or three
_ flasks, some large bags of shot, and a
roll of lead; but this last I had not the
strength to hoist up to the ship’s side,
so as to get it on my raft. There were
some spare sails too, which I brought to
shore.

I had some fear lest my stores might
be run off with by beasts of prey, if not
by men; but I found all safe and sound
when I went back, and no one had
: The Wild Cat. 35

come there but a wild cat, which sat on
one of the chests. When I came up I
held my gun at her, but as she did not
know what a gun was, this did not rouse -
her. She ate a piece of dry goat's flesh,
and then took her leave.

Now that I had two freights of goods
at hand, I made a tent with the ship’s
sails, to stow them in, and cut the poles
for it from the wood. I now took all the
things out of the casks and chests, and
put the casks in piles round the tent,
to give it strength; and when this was
done, I shut up the door with the
boards, spread one of the beds (which
I had brought from the ship) on the
ground, laid two guns close to my head,
and went to bed for the first time I
slept all night, for I was much in need
of rest. ;

The next day I was sad and sick at
D2

a
26. Robinson Crusoe.

heart, for I felt how dull it was to be
thus cut off from all the rest of the
world! I had no great wish for work:
but there was too much to be done for
me to dwell long on my sad lot. Each
day, as it came, I went off to the wreck
to fetch more things; and I brought
back as much as the raft would hold.
One day | had put too great a load on
the raft, which made it sink down on one
side, so that the goods were lost in the
sea; but at this I did not fret, as the chief
part of the freight was some rope, which
would not have been of much use to me.

The twelve days that I had been in
the isle were spent in this way, and I
had brought to jand all that one pair of
hands could lift; though if the sea had
been still calm, I might have brought
the whole ship, piece by piece.

The last time | swam to the wreck,
The Last of the Ship. 37

the wind blew so hard, that I made up
my mind to go on board next time at
low tide. I found some tea and some
gold coin; but as to the gold, it made
me laugh to look at it. “O drug!”
said I, “ Thou art of no use to me! I
care not to save thee. Stay where thou .
art, till the ship go down, then go thou |

with it!” | }

Still, I thought I might as well just
take it; so I put it in a piece of the sail,
and threw it on deck that I might place it
on the raft. Bye-and-bye, the wind blew
from the shore, so I had to swim back
with all speed; for I knew that at the
turn of the tide, I should find it hard
work to get to land at all.. But in spite
of the high wind, I came to my home all
safe. At dawn of day I put my head
out, and cast my eyes on the sea. When
lo! no ship was there!
38 Leobinson Crusoe

This change in the face of things, and
the loss of such a friend, quite struck me
down. Yet I was glad to think that I
had brought to shore all that could be
of use to me. I had now to look out
for some spot, where I could make my
home. Half way up a hill there was a
small plain, four or five score feet long,
and twice as broad; and as it had a full
view of the sea, I thought that it would
be a good place for my house.

I first dug a trench round a space
which took in twelve yards; and in this
I drove two rows of stakes, till they
stood firm like piles, five and a half feet
from the ground. I made the stakes
close and tight with bits of rope; and
put small sticks on the top of them in
the shape of spikes. This made so
strong a fence that no man or beast
could get in.
Builds @ House. 39

The door of my house was on the
top, and I had to climb up to it by
steps, which I took in with me, so that
no one else might come up by the same
way. Close to the back of the house
stood a high rock, in which I made a
cave, and laid all the earth that I had
dug out of it round my house, to the
height of a foot and a half. I had to go
out once a day in search of food. The
first time, I saw some goats, but they
were too shy and swift of foot, to let me
get near them.

At last I lay in wait for them close
to their own haunts. If they saw me in
the vale, though they might be on high
ground, they would run off, wild with
fear ; but if they were in the vale, and |,
on high ground, they took no heed of
me. The first goat I shot had a kid by
her side, and when the old one fell, the
40 Robinson Crusoe.

kid stood near her, till I took her off on
my back, and then the young one ran
by my side. I put down the goat, and
brought the kid home to tame it: but
as it was too young to feed, I had to
all it.

At first I thought that, for the lack of
pen and ink, I should lose all note of
time; so I made a large post, in the
shape of a cross, on which I cut these
words, ‘I came on these shores. on the
Sth day of June, in the year 1659.” On
the side of this post I made a notch each
day as it came, and this I kept up till
the last.

I have not yet said a word of my four
pets, which were two cats, a dog, and a
-bird. You may guess how fond I was
of them, for they were all the friends left
tome. I brought the dog and two cats
from the ship. The dog would fetch


Robinson


Lhe Dog. 4!

things for me at all times, and by his
bark, his whine, his growl, and his tricks,
he would all but talk to me ; yet he could
not give me thought for thought.

If I could but have had some one
near me to find fault with, or to find
fault with me, what a treat it would have
been! Now that I had brought ink
from the ship, I wrote down a sketch
of each day as it came; not so much to
leave to those who might read it, when
I was dead and gone, as to get rid of
my own thoughts, and draw me from the
fears which all day long dwelt on my
mind, till my head would ache with the
weight of them.

I was a long way out of the course of
ships: and oh, how dull it was to be
cast on this lone spot with no one to
love, no one to make me laugh, no one
to make me weep, no one to make
42 Robinson Crusoe

me think. It was dull to roam, day
by day, from the wood to the shore;
and from the shore back to the wood,
and feed on my own thoughts all the
while. ;

So much for the sad view of my case ;
but like most things, it had a bright side
as well asa dark one. For here was |
safe on land, while all the rest of the
ship’s crew were lost. Well, thought I,
God who shapes our ways, and led me
by the hand then, can save me from this
state now, or send some one to be with
me; true, I am cast on a rough and
rude part of the globe, but there are no
beasts of prey on it to kill or hurt me.
God has sent the ship so near to me,
that I have got from it all things to
meet my wants for the rest of my days.
Let life be what it may, there is sure to
be much to thank God for; and I soon
Adds to his Cave. 43

gave up all dull thoughts, and did not
so much as look out for a sail.

My goods from the wreck had been
in the cave for more than ten months;
and it was time. now to put them might,
as they took up all the space, and left
me no room to turn in: so I made my
small cave a large one, and dug it out a
long way back in the sand rock. Then
I brought the mouth of it up to the
fence, and so made a back way to my
house. This done, I put shelves on
each side, to hold my goods, which
made my cave look like a shop full of
stores. To make these shelves I cut
down a tree, and with the help of a saw,
an axe, a plane, and some more tools, I
made boards.

A chair, and a desk to write on, came
next. I rose in good time, and set to
work till noon, then I ate my meal, then
44 Robinson Crusoe.

I went out with my gun, and to work
once more till the sun had set; and then
to bed. It took me more than a week
to change the shape and size of my cave,
but I had made it far too large; for in
course of time the earth fell in from the
roof; and had I been in it, when this
took place, I should have lost my life.
I had now to set up posts in my cave,
with planks on the top of them, so as to
make a roof of wood.

One day, when out with my gun, I
shot a wild cat, the skin of which made
me a cap; and I found some birds of
the dove tribe, which built their nests in
the holes of rocks.

I had to go to bed at dusk, till I
made a lamp of goat’s fat, which I put
in aclay dish; and this, with a piece of
hemp for a wick, made a good light.

As I had found a use for the bag which
A Crop Springs up. 45
had held the fowl’s food on board ship,

I shook out from it the husks of corn.
This was just at the time when ‘the
great rains fell, and in the course of a
month, blades of rice, corn, and _ rye,
sprang up. As time went by, and the
grain was ripe, I kept it, and took care
fo sow it each year } but I could not ~
boast of a crop of wheat, as will be
shown bye-and-bye, for three years.

A thing now took place on the isle,
which no one could have dream: of, and
which struck me down with fear. It
was this—the ground shook with great
force, which threw down earth from the
rock with a loud crash—once more there
was a shock—and now the earth fell
from the roof of my cave. The sea did
not look the same as it had done, for the
shocks were just as strong there as on
land. The sway of the earth made me
46 Robinson Crusoe

feel sick: and there was a noise and a
roar all round me.

The same kind of shock came a third
time; and when it had gone off, I sat
quite still on the ground, for I knew not
what to do. Then the clouds grew
dark, the wind rose, trees were torn up
by the roots, the sea was a mass of foam
and froth, and a great part of the isle
was laid waste with the storm. I
thought that the world had come to
an end. In three hours’ time all was
calm ; but rain fell all that night, and
a great part of the next day. Now,
though quite worn out, I had to move
my goods which were in the cave, to
some safe place.

I knew that tools would be my first
want, and that I should have to grind
mine on the stone, as they were blunt
and worn with use. But as it took both

a
Falls Lil, 47

hands to hold the tool, I could not turn
the stone; so I made a wheel by which
I could move it with my foot. This
was no small task, but I took great
pains with it, and at length it was done.

The rain fell for some days and a
cold chill came on me; in short I was
ill. I had pains in my head, and could
get no sleep at night, and my thoughts
were wild and strange. At one time I
shook with cold, and then a hot fit came
on, with faint sweats, which would last
six hours at a time. I]l as I was, I
had to go out with my gun to get food.
I shot a goat, but it was a great toil
to bring it home, and still more to
cook it.

I spent the next. day in bed, and felt
half dead from thirst, yet too weak to
stand up to get some drink. I lay and .
wept like a child. ‘“ Lord look on me!
48 Robinson Crusoe.

Lord look on me!” would I cry for
hours.

At last the fit left me, and I slept,
and did not wake till dawn. I dreamt
that I lay on the ground, and saw a man
come down from a great black cloud in
a flame of light. When he stood on the
earth, it shook as it had done a few days
since; and all the world to me was full
of fire. He came up and said “As I
see that all these things have not brought
thee to pray, now thou shalt die.” Then
IT woke, and found it was a dream.
Weak and faint, I was in dread all day
lest my fit should come on.

Too ill to get out with my gun, I sat
on the shore to think, and thus ran my
thoughts: “ What is this sea which is
all round me? and whence is it ? There
can be no doubt that the hand that made
it, made the air, the earth, the sky. And


Thoughts of God. 49

who is that? It is God who hath made
all things. Well then, if God hath made
all things, it must be He who guides
them; and if so, no one thing in the
whole range of His works can take place,
and He not know it. Then God must
know how sick and sad I am, and He
wills me to be here. O, why hath God
done this to me!”

Then some voice would seem to say,
“ Dost thou ask why God hath done this
to thee? Ask why thou wert not shot
by the Moors, who came on board the
ship, and took the lives of thy mates.
Ask why thou wert not torn by the
beasts of prey on the coasts. Ask why
thou didst not go down in the deep sea
with the rest of the crew, but didst
come to this isle, and art safe.”

A sound sleep then fell on me, and
when | woke it must have been three

E
50 Robinson Crusoe

o'clock the next day, by the rays of the
sun: nay, it may have been more than
that; for I think that this must have
been the day that I did not mark on my
post, as I have since found that there
was one notch too few.

I now took from my store the Book
of God’s Word, which I had brought
from the wreck, not one page of which
I had yet read. My eyes fell on five
words, that would seem to have been
put there for my good at this time; so
well did they cheer my faint hopes, and
touch the true source of my fears. They
were these: “I will not leave thee.”
And they have dwelt in my heart to
this day. I laid down the book, to
pray. My cry was “O, Lord, help me
to love and learn thy ways.” This was
the first time in all my life that I had
felt a sense that God was near, and
Goes Round the Isle. 51

heard me. As for my dull life here, it
was not worth a thought; for now a
new strength had come to me; and
there was a change in my griefs, as well
as in my joys.

I had now been in the isle twelve
months, and I thought it was time to go
all réund it, in search of its woods,
springs, and creeks. So I set off, and
brought back with me limes and grapes
in their prime, large and ripe. I had
hung the grapes in the sun to dry, and
in a few days’ time went to fetch them,
that I might lay up a store: The.vale,
on the banks of which they grew, was
fresh and green, and a clear, bright
stream ran through it, which gave so
great a charm to the spot, as to make
me wish to live there.

But there was no view of the sea

from this vale, while from my house, no
E 2
e
52 Robinson Crusoe

ships could come on my side of the isle,
and not be seen by me; yet the cool,
soft banks were so sweet and new to me
that much of my time was spent there.

In the first of the three years in
which I had grown corn, I had sown it
too late; in the next, it was spojlt by
the drought; but the third year’s crop
had sprung up well.

I found that the hares would lie in it
night and day, for which there was no
cure but to plant a thick hedge all round
it; and this took me more than three
weeks to do. I shot the hares in the
day time; and when it grew dark, I
mide fast the dog’s chain to the gate,
and thtre he stood to bark all night.

-In a short time the corn grew strong,
and at last ripe; but, just as the hares
had hurt it in the blade, so now the
birds ate it in the ear. At the noise of
The Birds in the Corn. 53

my gun, whole flocks of them would fly
up; and at this rate I saw that there
would be no corn left; so I made up
my mind to keep a look out night and
day. I hid by the side of a hedge, and
could see the birds sit on the trees and
watch, and then come down, one by
one, as at first.

Now each grain of wheat was, as it
were, a small loaf ef bread to me. So
the great thing was to get rid of these
birds. My plan was this, I shot three,
and hung them up, like thieves, to scare
all that came to the corn; and from this
time, as long as the dead ones hung
there, not a bird came near. When the
corn was ripe, I made a scythe out of
the swords from the ship, and got in my
crop. | .

Few of us think of the cost at which
a loaf of bread is made. Of course,
54 Robinson Crusoe.

there was no plough here to turn up the
earth, and no spade to dig it with, so I
made one with wood; but this was soon
worn out, and for want of a rake, I
made use of the bough of a tree. When
I had got the corn home, I had to
thrash it, part the grain from the chaff,
and store it up. “Then came the want
of a mill to grind it, of sieves to clean it,
and of yeast to make bread of it.

Still, my bread was made, though I
had no tools; and no one could say that
I did not earn it by the sweat of my
brow. When the rain kept me in doors,
it was good fun to teach my pet bird
Poll to talk ; but so mute were all things
round me, that the sound of my own
voice made me start.

My chief wants now were jars, pots,
cups, and plates, but I knew not how
I could make them. At last I went in
The Pots and Fars. 55

search of some clay, and found some a
mile from my house; but it was quite a
joke to see the queer shapes and forms
that I made out of it. For some of my
pots and jars were too weak to bear
their own weight; and they would fall
out here, and in there, in all sorts of
ways; while some, when they were put
in the sun to bake, would crack with the
heat of its rays. You may guess what
my joy was when at last a pot was made
which would stand the heat of the fire,
so that I could boil the meat for broth.
The next thing to be made was a
sieve, to part the grain from the husks.
Goat's hair was of no use to me, as |
could not weave or spin; so I madea
shift for two years with a thin kind of
stuff, which I had brought from the ship.
But to grind the corn with the stones
was the worst of all, such hard work did
56 Robinson Crusoe.

I find it. To bake the bread I burnt
some wood down to an ash, which I
threw on the hearth to heat it, and then
set my loaves on the hearth, and in this
way my bread was made.

The next thing to turn my thoughts
to was the ship’s boat, which lay on the
high ridge of sand, where it had been
thrust by the storm which had cast me
on these shores. But it lay with the
keel to the sky, so I had to dig the sand
from it, and turn it up with the help of
a pole. When I had done this, I found
it was all in vain, for I had not the
strength to launch it. So all I could
do now, was to make a boat of less size
out of a tree; and I found one that was
just fit for it, which grew not far from
the shore, but I could no more stir this
than I could the ship’s boat.

What was to be done? I first dug
Gives up his First Boat. 57

the ground flat and smooth all the way
from the boat to the sea, so as to let it
slide down; but this plan did not turn
out well, so I thought I would trya
new way, which was to make a trench,
so as to bring the sea up to the boat, as
the boat could not be brought to the
sea. But to do this, I must have dug
down to a great depth, which would
take one man some years to do. And
when too late, I found it was not wise
to work out a scheme, till I had first
thought of the cost and toil.

“Well,” thought I, “I must give up
the boat, and with it all my hopes to
leave the isle. But I have this to think
of: I am lord of the whole isle ; in fact, a
king. ‘I have wood with which I might
build a fleet, and grapes, if not corn, to
freight it with, though all my wealth is
but a few gold coins.” For these I had
58 Leobinson Crusoe

no sort of use, and could have found it
in my heart to give them all for a peck
of peas and some ink, which last I stood
much in need of. But it was best to
dwell more on what I had, than on what
I had not. |

I now must needs try once more to
build a boat, but this time it was to
have a mast, for which the ship’s sails
. would be of great use. I made a deck
at each end, to keep out the spray of the
sea, a bin for my food, and a rest for my
gun, with a flap to screen it from the
wet. More than all, the boat was one
of such a size that I could launch it.

My first cruise was up and down the
creek, but soon I got bold, and, made
the whole round of my isle. I took with
me bread, cakes, and a pot full of rice,
some rum, half a goat, two great coats,
one of which was to lie on, and one to

¢
Sazls round the Isle. 59

put on at night. I set sail in the sixth
year of my reign. On the East side of
the isle, there was a large ridge of rocks,
which lay two miles from the shore; and
a shoal of sand lay‘for half a mile from
the rocks to the beach. To get round
to this point, I had to sail a great way
ay to sea; and here I all but lost my
ife.

But I got -back to my home at last.
On my way there, quite worn out with
the toils of the boat, I lay down in the
shade to rest my limbs, and slept. But
judge, if you can, what a start I gave,
when a voice woke me out of my sleep,
and spoke my name tHree times! A
voice in this wild place! To call. me by
name, too! .Then the voice said, “ Where
are you? Where have you been? How
came you here?” But now I saw it all ;

for at the top of the hedge sat Poll, who
eo ee
60 Robinson Crusoe.

. did but say the words she had been
taught by me.

I now went in search of some goats,
and laid snares for them, with rice for a
bait. I had set tle traps in the night,
and found they had all stood, though
the bait was gone. So I thought of a
new way to take them, which was to
make a pit and lay sticks and grass on
it, so as to hide it; and in this way I
caught an old goat and some kids. But
the old goat was much too fierce for me,
so I let him go.

I brought all the young ones home,
and let them fast a long time, till at last
they fed from my hand, and were quite
tame. I kept them in a kind of park,
in which there were trees to screen
them from the sun. At first my park
was three miles round; but it struck me
that, in so great a space, the kids would
His Dyess. 61

soon get as wild as if they had the
range of the whole vale, and ‘that it
would be as well to give them less
room; so I had to make a hedge, which
took me three months to plant. My
park held a flock of twelve goats, and
in two years more there were more than
two score.

My dog sat at meals with me, and
one cat on each side of me, on stools,
and we had Poll to talk tous. Now
for a word or two as to the dress in
which I made a tour round the isle. I
could but think how droll it would look
in the streets of the town in which I
was born. I wore a high cap of goat's
skin, with a flap that hung down, to ©
keep the sun and rain from my neck, a
coat made from the skin of a goat too,
the skirts of which came down to my
hips, and the same on my legs, with no
62 Robinson Crusoe

shoes, but flaps of the fur round my
shins. -I had a broad belt of the same
round my waist, which drew on with two
thongs; and from it, on my right side,
hung a saw and an axe; and on my left
side a pouch for the shot. ‘My beard
had not been cut since I came here.
But no more need be said of my looks,
for there were few to see me.

A strange sight was now in store for
me, which was to change the whole
course of my life in the isle.

One day at noon, while on a stroll
down to a part of the shore that was
new to me, what should I see on the
sand but the print of a man’s foot! I
felt as if I was bound by a spell, and
could not stir from the spot.

Bye and bye, I stole a look round me,
but no one was in sight. What could
this mean? I went three or four times
Sees the Print of a Man’s Foot 63

to look at it. There it was—the print
of a man’s foot; toes, heel, and all the
parts of a foot. How could it have
come there ?

My head swam with fear; and as I
left the spot, I made two or three steps,
and then took a look round me; then
two steps more, and did the same thing.
I took fright at the stump of an old
tree, and ran to my house, as if for my
life. How could aught in the shape of
a man come to that shore, and I not
know it? Where was the ship that
brought him? Then a vague dread
took hold of my mind, that some man,
or set of men, had found me out; and
it might be, that they meant to kill mk,
or rob me of all I had.

How strange a thing is the life of
man! One day we love that which the
next day we hate. One day we seek
64 Robinson Crusoe.

what the next day we shun. One day
we long for the ‘thing which the next
day we fear; and so we goon. Now,
from the time that I was cast on this
isle, my great source of grief was that I
should be thus cut off from the rest of
my race. Why, then, should the thought
that a man might be near give me all
this pain? Nay, why should the mere
sight of the print of a man’s foot, make
me quake with fear? It seems most
strange; yet not more strange than true.

Once it struck me that it might be
the print of my own foot, when first the
storm cast me on these shores. Could .
I have come this way from the boat ?
Should it in truth turn out to be the
print of my own foot, I should be like a
boy who tells of a ghost, and feels more
fright at his own tale, than those do
whom he meant to scare.
The Death of the Old Dog. 6 .

Fear kept me in-doors for three days,
till the want of food drove me out. At
last I was so bold as to go down to the
coast to look once more at the print of
the foot, to see if it was the same shape
as my own. | found it was not so large
by a great deal; so it was’ clear there .
were men in the isle. Just at this time
my good watch dog fell down dead at
my feet. He was old and worn out,
and in him I lost my best guard and
friend.
One day as I went from the hill to
the coast, a scene lay in front of me
which made me sick at heart. The
spot was spread with the bones of men.
There was a round place dug in the
earth, where a fire had been made, and
here some men had come to feast.
Now that I had seen this sight, I knew
not how to act; I kept close to my

F
66 Robinson Crusoe.

home, and would scarce stir from it,
save to milk my flock of goats.

To feel safe was now more to me
than to be well fed; and I did not care
to drive a nail, or chop a stick of wood,
lest the sound of it should be heard,
much less would I fire a gun. As to
my bread and meat, I had to bake it at
night when the smoke could not be
seen. But I soon found the way to
burn wood with turf at the top of it,
which made it like chark, or dry coal;
and this I could use by day, as it had
no smoke.

I found in the wood where I went to
get the sticks for my fire, a cave so large
that I could stand in it; but I made
more haste to get out, than in; for two
large eyes, as bright as stars, shone out
from it with a fierce glare. I took a
torch, and went to see what they could
The Old Goat in the Cave. ; 07

be, and found that there was no cause
for fear; for the eyes were those of an
old grey goat, which had gone there to
die of old age. I gave him a push, to
try to get him out of the cave, but he
could not rise from the ground where
he lay; so I left him there to die, as I
could not save his life.

I found the width of the cave was
twelve feet; but part of it, near the
end, was so low that I had to creep on
my hands and feet to go in. What the
length of it was I could not tell, for my
light went out, and I had to give up my
search. The next day, I went to the
cave with large lights made of goat's
fat; and when I got to the end, I found
that the roof rose to two score feet or

more.
_ As my lights shone on the walls and

roof of the cave, a sight burst on my
F 2 .
638 Robinson Crusoe. ¢

view, the charms of which no tongue
could tell; for the walls shone like stars.
What was in the rock to cause this it
was hard to say; they might be gems,
or bright stones, or gold. But let them
be what they may, this cave was a mine
of wealth to me; for at such time as I
felt dull or sad, the bright scene would
flash on my mind's eye, and fill it with
joy.

A score of years had gone by, with no
new sight to rest my eyes on, till this
scene burst on them. I felt as if I
should like to spend the rest of my life
here ; and at its close, lie down to die in
this cave, like the old goat.

As I went home I was struck by the
sight of some smoke, which came from a
fire no more than two miles off. From
this time I lost all my peace of mind.
Day and night a dread would haunt me,
The Dance of the Wild Men. 69

that the men who had made this fire
would find me out. I went home and
drew up my steps, but first I made all
things round me look wild and rude.
To load my gun was the next thing to
do, and I thought it would be best to
stay at home and hide.

But this was not to be borne long.
I had no spy to send out, and all I
could do was to get to the top of the
hill, and keep a good look out. At last,
through my glass, I could see a group of
wild men join in a dance rotind their
fire. As soon as they had left, I took
two guns, and slung a sword on my side ;
then with all speed, I set off to the top of
the hill, once more to have a good view.

This time I made up my mind to go
up to the men, but not with a view to
kill them, for I felt that it would be
wrong todo so. With such a load of
70 Robinson Crusoe.

arms, it took me two hours to reach the
spot where the fire was; and by the
time I got there, the men had all gone;
but I saw them in four boats out at sea.

Down on the shore, there was a proof
of what the work of these men had been.
The signs of their feast made me sick at
heart, and I shut my eyes. I durst not
fire my gun when I went out for food
on that side the isle, lest there should be
some of the men left, who might hear
it, and so find me out. This state of
things went on for a year and three
months, and for all that time I saw no
more men. .

On the twelfth of May, a great storm
of wind blew all day and night. As it
was dark, I sat in my house; and in the
midst of the gale, ] heard a gun fire!
My guess was that it must have been
from: some ship cast on shore by the

*
A Ship cast on the Rocks. 71

storm. So I set a light to some wood
on top of the hill, that those in the ship,
if ship it should be, might know that
some one was there to aid them. I ~
then heard two more guns fire. When
it was light, I went to the South side of
the isle, and there lay the wreck of a
ship, cast on the rocks in the night by
the storm. She was too far off for me
to see if there were men on board.

Words could not tell how much I did
long to bring but one of the ship’s crew
to the shore! So strong was my wish
to save the life of those on board, that I
could have laid down my own life to do
so. There are some springs in the |
heart which, when hope stirs them,
drive the soul on with such a force,
that to lose all chanee of the thing one
hopes for, would seem to make one
mad; and thus was it with me.
72 ' Robinson Crusoe.

Now, I thought, was the time to use
my boat; so I set to work at once to fit
it out. I took on board some rum (of
which [ still had a good deal left), some
dry grapes, a bag of rice, some goat's
milk, and cheese, and then put out to sea.
A dread came on me at the thought of
the risk I had run on the same rocks ;
but my heart did not quite fail me,
though I knew that, as my boat was
small, if a gale of wind should spring
up, all would be lost. Then I found
that I must go back to the shore till
the tide should turn, and the ebb
come on.

_ I made up my mind to go out the

next day with the high tide, so I slept
that night in my boat. At dawn I set
out to sea, and in less than two hours
I came up to the wreck. What ascene
was there! The ship had struck on
Scene on Board the Wreck. ye

two rocks, The stern was torn by the
force of the waves, the masts were swept
off, ropes and chains lay strewn on the
deck, and all was wrapt in gloom. As
I came up to the wreck, a dog swam to
me with a yelp and a whine. I took
him on board my boat, and when I
gave him some bread, he ate it like
a wolf, and as to drink, he would have
burst, if I had let him take his fill
of it.

I went to the cook’s room, where I
found two men, but they were both
dead. The tongue was mute, the ear
was deaf, the eye was shut, and the lip
was stiff; still the sad tale was told, for
each had his arm round his friend’s
neck, and so they must have sat to wait
for death. What a change had come
on the scene, once so wild with the lash
of the waves and the roar of the wind!
74 Robinson Crusoe,

All was calm now—death had done its
work, and all had felt its stroke, save
the dog, and he was the one thing that
still had life.

I thought the ship must have come
from Spain, and there was much gold
on board. I took some of the chests
and put them in my boat, but did not
wait to see what they held, and with
this spoil, and three casks of rum, I
came back. .

I found all things at home just as I
had left them, my goats, my cats, and
my bird. The scene in the cook’s room
was in my mind day and night, and to
cheer me up I drank some of the rum.
I then set to work to bring my freight
from the shore, where I had left it. In
the chests there were two great bags of
gold, and some bars of the same, and
near these lay three small flasks and
Sux Boats on the Shore. 75

three bags of shot, which were a great
prize.

From this time, all went well with me
for two years; but it was not to last.
One day, as I stood on the hill, I saw six
boats on the shore! What could this
mean? Where were the men who had
brought them? And what had they
come for? I saw through my glass that
there were a score and a half, at least, on
the east side of the isle. They had
meat on the fire, round which I could
see them dance. They then took a
man from one of the boats, who was
bound hand and foot; but when they
came to loose his bonds, he set off as
fast as his feet would take him, and in a
straight line to my house.

To tell the truth, when I saw all the
rest of the men run to catch him, my
hair stood on end with fright. In the
76 Robinson Crusoe

- creek, he swam like a fish, and the plunge
which he took brought him through it in
a few strokes. All the men now gave
up the chase but two, and they swam
through the creek, but by no means so
fast as the slave had done. Now, I
thought, was the time for me to help the
poor man, and my heart told me it would
be right to doso. I ran down my steps
with my two guns, and went with all
speed up the hill, and then down by a
short cut to meet them.

I gave a sign to the poor slave to
come to me, and at the same time went
up to meet the two men, who were in
chase of him. I made a rush at the
first of these, to knock him down with the
stock of my gun, and he fell. I saw the
one who was left, aim at me with his
bow, so, to save my life, 1 shot him
dead.
Saves the Life of a Slave. ag

The smoke and noise from my gun,
gave the poor slave who had been bound,
such a shock, that he stood still on the
spot, as if he had been in a trance. I
gave a loud shout for him to come to me,
and | took care to show him that I was
a friend, and made all the signs I could
think of to coax him up to me. At:
length he came, knelt down to kiss the
ground, and then took hold of my foot,
and set it on his head. All this meant
that he was my slave; and I bade him
rise, and made much of him.

But there was more work to be done
yet; for the man who had had the blow
from my gun was not dead. I made a
sign for my slave (as I shall now call
him) to look at him. At this he spoke
to me, and though I could not make out
what he said, yet it gave me a shock of
joy ; for it was the first sound of a man’s
73 Robinson Crusoe

voice that I -had heard, for all the years
I had been on the isle.

The man whom I had struck with
the stock:of my gun, sat up; and my
slave, who was in great fear of him,
made signs for me to lend him my
sword, which hung in a belt’at my side.
With this he ran up to the man, and
with one stroke cut off his head. When
he had done this, he brought me back
my sword with a laugh, and put it down
in front of me. I did not like to see the
glee with which he did it, and I did not
feel that my own life was quite safe with
such a man.

He, in his turn, could but lift up his
large brown hands with awe, to think
that I had put his foe to death, while I
stood so far from him. But as to the
sword, he and the rest of his tribe made
use of swords of wood, and this was
The Slave. 79

why he knew so well how to wield mine.
He made signs to me to let him go and
see the man who had been shot; and
he gave him a turn round, first on this
side, then on that; and when he saw
the wound made in his breast by the
shot, he stood quite still once more, as
if he had lost his wits. I made signs
for him to come back, for my fears told
me that the rest of the men might come
in search of their friends.

1 did not like to take my slave to
my house, nor to my cave; so I threw
down some straw from the rice plant for
him to sleep on, and gave him some .
bread and a bunch of dry grapes to eat.
He was a fine man, with straight strong
limbs, tall, and young. Huis hair was
thick, like wool, and black. His head
was large and high; and he had bright
black eyes. He,was of a dark brown
80 Robinson Crusoe

hue: his face was round, and his nose
small, but not flat; he had a good
mouth with thin lips, with which he
could give a soft smile; and his teeth
were as white as snow.

I had been to milk my goats in the
field close by, and when he saw me, he
ran to me, and lay down on the ground
to show me his thanks. He then put
his head on the ground, and set my foot
on his head, as he had done. at first.
He took all the means he could think
of, to let me know that he would serve
me all his life; and I gave a sign to
show that I thought well of him.

The next thing was to think of some
name to call him by. I chose that of the
sixth day of the week (Friday), as he
came to me on that day. I took care
not to lose sight of him all that night,
and when the sun rose, I made signs
Gives Clothes to his Slave. 81

for him to come to me, that I might
give him some clothes, for he wore
none. We then went up to the top of
the hill, to look out for the men ; but as
we could not see them, or their fone it
was clear that they had left the isle.

My slave has since told me that they
had had a great fight with the tribe that
dwelt next to them; and that all those
men whom each side took in war were
theirown by right. My slave's foes had
four who fell to their share, of whom he
was one. |

I now set to work to make my man a
cap of hare’s skin, and gave him a goat's
skin to wear round his waist. It was a
great source of pride to him, to find that
his clothes were as good as my own. —

At night, I kept my guns, sword, and
bow close to my side; but there was

no need for this, as my slave was, in
Gq a :
82 Robinson Crusoe.

sooth, most true tome. He did all that
he was set to do, with his whole heart
in the work; and I knew that he would
lay down his life to save mine. What
could a man do more than that? And
oh, the joy to have him here to cheer
me in this lone isle!

I did my best to teach him, so like a
child as he was, to do and feel all that
‘ was right. I found him apt, and full of
fun; and he took great pains to learn all
that I could tell him. Our lives ran on
in a calm, smooth way; and, but for the
vile feasts which were held on the shores,
I felt no wish to leave the isle.

As my slave had by no means lost his
zest for these meals, it struck me that’
the best way to cure him, was to let him |
taste the flesh of beasts; so I took him
with me one day to the wood for some
sport. I saw a she-goat, in the shade,
Friday and the Gun. 83,
with her two kids. I caught Friday by

the arm, and made signs to him not
to stir, and then shot one of the kids:
but the noise of the gun gave the poor
man a great shock. He did not see the
kid, nor did he know that it was dead.
He tore his dress off his breast to feel if
there was a wound there; then he knelt
down to me, and took hold of my knees
to pray of me,not to kill him.

To show poor Friday that his life was
quite safe, I led him by the hand, and
told him to fetch the kid. By and by,
I®saw a hawk in a tree, so I bade him
look at the gun, the hawk, and the
ground ; and then I shot the bird. But
my poor slave gave stil! more signs of
fear this time, than he did at first : for he
shook from head to foot. He must
have thought that some fiend of death
dwelt in the gun, and I think that he

> G2
84 Robinson Crusoe.

would have knelt down to it, as well as
to me; but he would not so much as
touch the gun for some time, though he
would speak to it when he thought I
was not near. Once he told me that
what he said to it was to ask it not to
kill him.

I brought home the bird, and made
broth of it. Friday was much struck to
see me eat salt with it, and made a wry
face; but I, in my turn, took some that
had no salt with it, and I made a wry
face at that. The next day I gave him
a piece of kid’s flesh, which I had hung
by a string in front of the fire to roast.
My plan was to put two poles, one on
each side of the fire, and a stick on the
top of them to hold the string. When
my slave came to taste the flesh, he took
the best means to let me know how
good he thought it.
Friday learns to make Bread. 85

The next day I set him to beat out
and sift some corn. I let him see me
make the bread, and he soon did all the
work. I felt quite a love for his true,
warm heart, and he soon learnt to talk
tome. One day I said, ‘“ Do the men
of your tribe win in fight?” He told
me, with a smile, that they did. ‘“‘ Well,
then,” said I, “ How camc .they to let
their foes take you ?”

“ They run one, two, three, and make
go in the boat that time.’

“Well, and what do the men ae with
those they take ?”

“Eat them all up.”

This was not good news for me, but
I went on, and said, “ Where do they
take them ?”

“Go to next place where they think.”

“Do they come here ?”

“Yes, yes, they come here, come else
place too.’
86 Robinson Crusoe.

“Have you been here with them
twice ?” .

“Yes come there.”

He meant the North West side of
the isle, so to this spot I took him the
next day. He knew the place, and told
me he was there once with a score of
men. To let me know this, he put a
score of stones all of a row, and made
me count them.

“ Are not the boats lost on your shore
now and then?” He said that there
was no fear, and that no boats were lost.
He told me that up a great way by the
moon—that is where the moon then
came up—there dwelt a tribe of white
men like me, with beards. I felt sure
that they must have come from Spain,
to work the gold mines. I put this to
him: “Could I go from this isle and
join those men?”
Friday tells of White Men. 87

“Yes, yes, you may go in two
boats.”

It was hard to see how one man
could go in two boats, but what he
meant was, a boat twice as large as my
own.

One day I said to my slave, “ Do
you know who made you ?”

But he could not tell at all what
these words meant. So I said, “ Do
you know who’ made the sea, the ground
we tread -on, the hills, and woods?”
He said it was Beek, whose home was
a great way off, and that he was so old,
that the sea and the land were not so
old as he.

“Tf this old man has made all things,
why do not all things bow down to
him ?” | !

My slave.gave a.grave look, and said,
“All things say ‘O’ to him.”
88 Robinson Crusoe.

‘Where do the men in your land go
when they die?”

* All go to Beek.”

I then held my hand up to the sky to
point to it, and said, “‘God dwells there.
He made the world, and all things in it.
The moon and the stars are the work of
his hand. God sends the wind and the
rain on the earth, and the streams that
flow: He hides the face of the sky with
clouds, makes the grass to grow for the
beasts of the field, and herbs-for the use
of man. God's love knows no end.
When we pray, He draws near to us
and hears us.”

It was a real joy to my poor slave
to hear me talk of these things. He
sat still for a long time, then gave a
sigh, and told me that he would say
“O” to Beek no more, for he was but
a short way off, and yet could not hear,
Tells Friday of God. 89
till men went up the hill to speak to
~ him.

“Did you go up the hill to speak: to
him?” said I.

“No, Okes go up to Beek, not young
_ mans.

“What do Okes say to him?”

“They say ‘O.”’

Now that 1 brought my man Friday
to know that Beek was not the true
God, such was the sense he had of my
worth, that I had fears lest I should
stand in the place of Beek. I did my
best to call forth his faith in Christ, and
make it strong ‘and clear, till at last—
thanks be to the Lord—I brought him.
to the love of Him, with the whole grasp
of his soul.

To please my poor slave, I gave him
a sketch of my whole life; I told him
where I was born, and where | spent
90 Robinson Crusoe.

my days when a child. He was glad to
hear tales of the land of my birth, and
of the trade which we keep up, in ships,
with all parts of the known world. I
gave him a knife and a belt, which made
him dance with joy.

One day as we stood on the top of
the hill at the east side of the isle, I
saw him fix his eyes on the main land,
and stand fér a long time to gaze at
it; then jump and sing, and call out
to me.

“What do you see?” said I.

“Oh joy!” said he, with a fierce glee
in his eyes, “Oh glad!’ There see my
land!”

Why did he strain his eyes to stare at
this land, as if he had a wish to be
there? It put fears in my mind which
made me feel far less at my ease with

him. Thought I, if he should go back
+

false Fears of Friday. er

to his home, he will think no more of
what I have taught him, and done for
him. Hewill be sure to tell the rest of
his tribe all my ways, and come back
with, it may be, scores of them, and kill
‘me, and then dance round me, as they
did round the men, the last time they
came on my isle.

But these were all false fears, though
they found a place in my mind a long
while; and I was not so kind to him
now as I had been. From this time I
made it a rule, day by day, to find out
if there were grounds for my fears or
not. I said, “ Do you not wish to be
once more in your own land ?

“Yes! I be much O glad to be at
my own land.”

“What would you do there? Would
you turn wild, and be as you were?”

“No, no, I would tell them to be
g2 Robinson Crusoe.

good, tell them eat bread, corn, milk, no
eat man more !”

“ Why, they would kill you!”

“No, no, they no kill; they love
learn.” 6

He then told me*that some white
men, who had come on their shores in a
boat, had taught them a great deal.

“ Then will you go back to your land
with me ?”

He said he could not swim so far, so
I told him he should help me to build a
boat to go in. Then he said, “If you
go, I go.” -

“T go? why they would eat me!”

“ No, me make them much love you.”

Then he told me as well as he could,
how kind they had been to some white
men. I brought out the large boat to
hear what he thought of it, but he said
it was too small. We then went to look
A New Boat. 93

at the old ship’s boat, which, as it had
been in the sun for years, was not at all
in a sound state. The poor man’made
sure that it would do. But how were
we toknow this? I told him we should
build a boat as large as that, and that he
should go home in it. He spoke nota
word, but was grave and sad,

“What ails you?” said I.

i WE you grieve mad with your
man?

i What do you mean? I am not cross
with you.’

“No cross ? no cross aah me ? Why
send your man home to his own land,
then ?”

“ Did you not tell me you would like
to go back ?”

“Ves, yes, we both there; no wish
self there, if you not there!”

“ And what should I do there?
94 Robinson Crusoe.

“You do great deal much good! you
teach wild men be good men; you tell
them know God, pray God, and lead
new life.”

We soon set to work to make a boat
that would take us both. The first
thing was to look out for some large
trees that grew near the shore, so that
we could launch our boat when it was
made. My slave's plan was to burn the
_wood to make it the right shape; but
as mine was to hew it, I set him to work
with my tools; and in two months’ time
we had made a good strong boat ; but it |
took a long while to get her down to the
shore.

Friday had the whole charge of her;
and, large as she was, he made her
move with ease, and said, “he thought
she go there well, though great blow
wind!” He did not know that I meant
The Mast and Sail. 95

to make a mast and sail. I cut downa
young fir tree for the mast, and then I
set to work at the sail. It made me
laugh td see my man stand and stare,
when he came to watch me sail the
boat. But he soon gave a jump, a
laugh, and a clap of ‘he hands when he
saw the sail jib and fall, first on this
side, then on that.

The next thing to do was to stow
our boat up in the creek, where we dug
a small dock; and when the tide was
low, we made a dam, to keep out the
sea. The time of year had now come
for us to set sail, so we got out all our
stores, to put them in the boat.

One day I sent Friday to the shore,
‘to get a sort of herb that grew there. I
soon heard him cry out to me, “ O grief!
O bad! O bad! O out there boats,

one, two, three! “ Keep a stout heart,”
96 Robinson Crusoe.

said I, to cheer him. The poor man
shook with fear; for he thought that
the men who brought him here, had
now come back to kill him.

“Can you fight ?” said I.

“Me shoot; but me saw three boats ;
one, two, three !”

“ Fave no fear; those that we do not
kill, will be sure to take fright at the
sound of our guns. Now will you stand
by me, and do just as you are bid ?*’

“ Me die when you bid die.”

I gave him a good draught of rum ;
and when he had drunk this, he took
up an axe and two guns, each of which
had a charge of swan shot. I took two
guns as well, and put large shot in
them, and then hung my great sword
by my side. From the top of the hill,
I saw with the help of my glass, that
the boats had each brought eight men,
Thrce Strange Boats come to Land. 97

and one slave. They had come on.
shore near the creek, where a grove of
young trees grew close down to the sea.

They had with them three slaves,
bound hand and foot, and you who read
this, may guess what they were brought
here for. I felt that I must try and
save them from so hard a fate, and that
to do this, I should have to put some
of their foes to death. So we set forth
on our way. gave Friday strict charge
to keep close to me, and not to fire
till I told him to do so.

We went full a mile out of our way,
that we might get round to the wood to
hide there. But we had not gone far,
when my old qualms came back to me,
and I thought, ‘Is it for me to dip my
hands in man’s blood?) Why should I
kill those who have done me no harm,

and mean not to hurt me? Nay, whp
H
98 Robinson Crusoe.

do not so much as know that they are
in the wrong, when they hold these feasts.
Are not their ways a sign that God has
left them (with the rest of their tribe) to
their own dull hearts? God did not
call me to be a judge for Him. He
who said, ‘ Thou shalt not kill,’ said it
for me, as well as the rest of the world.”

A throng of thoughts like these would
rush on my mind, as if to warn me to
pause, till I felt sure that there was more
to call me to the work than I then knew
of. I took my stand in the wood, to
watch the men at their feast, and then
crept on, with Friday close at my heels.
Thus we went till we came to the skirts
of the wood. Then I said to Friday,
“Go up to the top of that tree, and
bring me word if you: can see the men.”

He went, and quick as thought, came
back to say that they were all round the
A White Man in Bonds. 99

fire, and that the man who was bound
on the sand would be the next they
would kill. But when he told me that
it was a white man, one of my own race,
I felt the blood boil in my veins. Two
of the gang had gone to loose the white
man from his bonds; so now was the
time to fire.

At the sound of our guns, we saw
all the men jump up from the ground
where they sat. It must have been the
first gun they had heard in their lives.
They knew not which way to look. I
now threw down my piece, and took up
a small gun; Friday did the same ; and
I.gave him the word to fire! The
men ran right and left, with yells and
screams.

I now made a rush out of the wood,
that they might see me, with my man

Friday at my heels, of course. We
H 2
100 Robinson Crusoe.

gave a loud shout, and ran up to the
white man as fast as we could. There
he lay on the hot sand. I cut the flag,
or rush, by which he was bound, but he
was too weak to stand or speak, so I
gave him some rum. He Ict me know
by all the signs that he could think of,
how much he stood in my debt for all
that I had done for him.

I said, “We will talk of that bye and
bye; but now we must do what we can
to save our lives.” Friday, who was
free to go where he chose, flew here
and there, and put all the men to the
rout. They fled in full haste to their
boats, and were soon out at sea; and so
we got rid of our foes at last.

The man whom we had found on the
sand told us that his name was Carl,
and that he came from Spain. But
_ there was one more man to claim our

Friday's Foy. 101

care; for the black men had left a small
boat on the sands, and in this I sawa
poor wretch who lay half dead. He->
could not so much as look up, so tight
was he bound, neck and _ heels. When
I cut the bonds from him he gave a deep
groan, for he thought that all this was
but to lead him out to die.

Friday then came up, and I bade
him speak to the old man in his own
tongue, and tell him that he was free.
This good news gave him strength, and
he sat up in the boat. But when Friday
came to hear him talk, and to look him
in the face, it brought the tears to my
eyes to see him kiss and hug the poor
old man, and dance round him with joy,
then weep, wring his hands, and beat
his own face and head, and then laugh
once more, sing, and leap. For a long
time he could not speak to me, so as to
102 Robinson Crusoe.

let me know what all this meant. But
at length he told me that he was the ,
_ son of this poor old man, and that his
name was Jaf.

It would be a hard task for me to tell
of all the quaint signs Friday made to
show his joy. He went in and out of
the boat five or’ six times, sat down by
old Jaf, and held the poor old man’s
head close to his breast to warm it;
then he set to work to rub his arms
and feet, which were cold and stiff from
the bonds. I told Friday to give him
some rum and bread ; but he said,
“None! Bad dog eat all up self.” He
then ran off straight to the house, and
took no heed of my calls, but went as
swift as a deer.

In an hour's time, he came back with
a jug in his hand. Thé good soul
had gone all the way to the house, that
a
ers =

aos




Carl and Faf. 103

Jaf might have a fresh draught from my
well; and with it he brought two cakes,
one of which I bade him take to Carl,
who lay in the shade of a tree. His
limbs were stiff and cold, and he was
too weak to say a word.

I set my man to rub his feet with
rum, and while he did so, I saw Friday
turn his head round from time to time,
to steal a look at the old man. Then
we brought Carl and Jaf home from
the boat on our backs, as they could
not walk. The door of my house was
at the top, and the poor sick men could
not climb the steps by which I got in,
so we made for them a tent of old sails.

I was now a king of these three men,
as well as Lord of the isle; and I felt
proud to say, “ They all owe their lives
to their king, and would lay them down

for him if he bade them do so.” But
104 Robinson Crusoe.

I did not think that my reign was so
soon to come to an end. The next
thing for us to do was to give Carl and
Jaf some food, and to kill and roast a
kid, to which we all four sat down, and
I did my best to cheer them.

Carl in a few days grew quite strong,
and I set him to work to dig some land
for seed ; for it was clear we should want
more corn now that we had two more
mouths to fill. So we put in the ground
all the stock of grain I had, and thus we
all four had as much work as we could
do for some time. When the crop
grew, and was ripe, we found we had a
ood store of grain.

We made a plan that Carl and Jaf
should go back to the main land, to try
if they fond get some of the white men
who had been east om shore there, to
come and live with us; so they got out
A Ship out at Sea. 105

the boat, and took with them two
guns and food for eight days. They
were to come back in a week's time, and
I bade them hang out a sign when they
came in sight, so that we might know |
who they were.

One day, Friday ran up to me in
great glee, and said, “They are back!
They are back!” A mile from shore,
there was a boat with a sail, which stood
in for the land; but I knew it could not
be the one which our two friends had
gone out in, for it was on the wrong
side of the isle for that. I saw too,
through my glass, a ship out at sea.
There were twelve men in the boat,
three of whom were bound in chains, and
four had fire arms.

Bye and bye, I saw one of the men
raise his sword to those who were in
chains, and I felt sure that all was not
106 Robinson Crusoe.

right. Then IJ saw that the three men
who had been bound were set free ; and
when they had come on shore they lay
on the ground, in the shade of a tree. I
was soon at their side, for their looks, so
sad and worn, brought to my mind the
first few hours I had spent in this wild
spot, where all to me was wrapt in
gloom.

I] went up to these men and said:

“Who are you, Sirs?”

They gave a start at my voice, and at
my strange dress, and made a move as
if they would fly from me. ,I said, ‘“ Do
not fear me, for it may be that you have

a friend at hand, though you do not
aah it.” ‘“ He must be sent from the
sky then,” said one of them with a grave
look ; and he took off his hat to me at
the same time. “ All help is from thence,
Sir,” I said; “but what can I do to aid
Paul and his Crew. 107

ay You look as if you had some
oad of grief on your breast. I saw one
of the men lift his sword as if to kill
you.

The tears ran down the poor man’s
face, as he said, “Is this a god, or is it
but aman?” ‘“ Have no doubt on that
score, Sir,’ said IJ, “fora god would not
have come with a dress like this. No,
do not fear—nor raise your hopes too
high; for you see but a man, yet one
who will do all he can to help you.
Your speech shews me that you come
from the same land as I do. I will do
all I can to serve you. *Tell me your
case.”

“Our case, Sir, is too long to tell you
while they who would kill us are so
near. My name is Paul. To be short,
Sir, my crew have thrust me out of my
ship, which you see out there, and have
108 Robinson Crusoe

left me here to dic. It was as much as
I could do to make them sheath their
swords, which you saw were drawn to
slay me. They have set me down in
this isle with these two men, my friend
here, and the ship's mate.”

“Where have they gone ?” said I.

“There, in the wood, close by. I
fear they may have seen and heard us.
If they have, they will be sure to kill us
all.”

“ Have they fire-arms ?”

“They have four guns, one of which
is in the boat.”

“Well then, leave all to me!”

“ There are two of the men,” said he,
“who are worse than the rest. All but
these I feel sure would go back to work
the ship.” x

I thought it was best to speak out to
Paul at once, and I said, “ Now if I save
The Plot to Seize the Boat. 109

your life, there are two things which
you must do.” But he read my thoughts,
and said, “If you save my life, you shall
do as you like with me and my ship,
and take her where you please.”

I saw that the two men, in whose
charge the boat had been left, had come
on shore; so the first thing I did, was
to send Friday to fetch from it the oars,
the sail, and the gun. And now the ship
might be said to. be ‘in our hands.
When the time came for the men to go
back to the ship, they were in a great
rage; for, as the boat had now no sail
nor oars, they knew not how to get out
to their ship.

We heard them say that it was a
strange sort of isle, for that sprites had
come to the boat, to take off the sails
and oars. We could see them run to
and fro, with great rage; then go and
110 Robinson Crusoe

sit in the boat to rest, and then come on
shore once. more. When they drew
near to us, Paul and Friday would fain
have had me fall on them at once. But
my wish was to spare them, and kill as
few as I could. I told two of my men
to creep on their hands and feet close
to the ground, so that they might not
be seen, and when they got up to the
men, not to fire till I gave the word.

They had not stood thus long, when
three of the crew came up to us. Till
now, we had but heard their voice, but
when they came so near as to be seen,
Paul and Friday stood up and shot at
them. Two of the men fell dead, and
they were the worst of the crew, and the
third ran off. At the sound of the guns
I came up, but it was so dark that the
men could not tell if there were three of
us or three score.
Makes Terms with the Crew. 13

It fell out just as I could wish, for I
heard the men ask, “To whom must we
yield, and where are they?” Friday
told them that Paul was there with the
king of the isle, who had brought with
him a crowd of men! At this one of
the crew said, “If Paul will spare our
lives, we will yield.” ‘Then,’ said
Friday, “ you shall know the king’s
will.” Then Paul said to them, ‘ You
know my voice; if you lay down your
arms the king will spare your lives!”

They fell on their knees to beg the
same of me. I took good care tHat they
did not see me, but I’ gave them my
word that they should all live, that I
should take four of them to work the
ship, and that the rest would be bound
hand and foot, for the good faith of the
four. This was to shew them what a
stern king I was.
E12 Rdbinson Crusoe

Of course I soon set them free, and I
put them in a way to take my place on
the isle. I told them of all my ways,
taught them how to mind the goats, how
to work the farm, and make the bread.
I gave them a ence to live in, fire arms,
tools, and my two tame cats, in fact, “all
but Poll and my gold.

As I sat on the top of the hill, Paul
came up to me. He held out his hand
to point to the ship, and with much
warmth took me to his arms, and said,

“My dear friend, there 1s your ship!
For she is all yours, and so are we, and
al thats im her }

I cast my eyes to the ship, which rode
half a mile off the shore, at the mouth of
the creek, and near the place where I
had brought my rafts to the land. Yes,
there she stood, the ship that was to
set me free, and to take me where I
Goes Back to the Land of his Birth. 113

might choose to go. She set her sails
to the wind, and her flags threw out their
gay stripes in the breeze. Such a sight
was too much for me, and I fell down
faint with joy. Paul then took out a
flask which he had brought for me, and
gave me a dram, which T drank, but for
a good while I could not speak to him.

"Friday and Paul then went on board
the ship, and Paul took charge of her
once more. We did not start that night,
but at noon the next day I left the isle!
That lone isle, where I had spent so
great a part of my life—not much less
than thrice ten long years.

When I came back to the dear land
of my birth, all was strange and new to
me. I went to my old home at York,
but none of my friends were there, and
to my great grief I saw, on the stone at
their grave, the sad tle of their death.
1:4 Robinson Crusoe

As they had thought, of course, that I
was dead, they had not left me their
wealth and lands, so that I stood much
in want of means, for it was but a small
sum that I had brought with me from the
isle. Butin this time of need, I had the
luck to find my good friend who once °
took me up at sea. He was now grown
too old for work, and had put his son in
the ship in his place. He did not know
me at first, but I wasesoon brought to
his mind when I[ told him who I was.
I found from him that the land which
I had bought on my way to the isle
was now worth much.

As it was a long way off, I felt no
wish to go and live there, so | made up
my mind to sell it, and in the course
of a few months, I got for it a sum so
large as to make me a rich man all
at once.
Longs for his Old Isle. 115

Weeks, months, and years went by; I
had a farm, a wife, and two sons, and was
by no means young; but still I could
not get rid of a strong wish which dwelt
in my thoughts by day and my dreams
by night, and that was to set foot once
more in my old isle.

I had now no need to work for food,
or for means of life ; all I had to do was
to teach my boys to be wise and good, -
to live at my ease, and see my ‘wealth
grow day by day. Yet the wish to go.
back to my wild haunts clung round me
like a cloud, and I could in no way drive
it from me, so true ts it that “what is
bred in the bone will. not come out of
the flesh.”

At length I lost my wife, which was a
great blow to me, and my home was
now so sad, that I made up my mind to

launch out once more on the broad sea,
12!

t °
116 Robinson Crusoe.

and go with my man Friday to that
lone isle where dwelt all my hopes.

I took with me as large a store of
tools, clothes, and such like goods as I
had room for, and men of skill in all
kinds of trades, to live in the isle. When
we set sail, we had a fair wind for some
time, but one night the mate, who was at
the watch, told me he saw a flash of fire,
and heard a gun go off. At this we all
ran on deck, from whence we saw a
great light, and as there was no land
that way, we knew that it must be some
ship on fire at sea, which could not be
far off, for we heard the sound of the
gun.

The wind was still fair, so we made
our way for the point where we saw the
light, and in half an hour, it was but too
plain that a large ship was on fire in the
midst of the broad sea. I gave the

a
The Wreck of the French Ship. 117

word to fire off. five guns, and we then
lay by, to wait till break of day. But in
the dead of the night, the ship blew up
in the air, the flames shot forth, and
what there was left of the ship sank.
We hung out lights, and our guns kept
up a fire all night-long, to let the crew
know that there was help at hand.

At eight o'clock the next day we
found, by the aid of the glass, that two of
the ship's boats were out at sea, quite
full of men. They had seen us, and
had done their best to make us see
them, and in half an hour we came up
with them.

It would be a hard task for me to set
forth in words the scene which took
place in my ship, when the poor French
folk (for such they were) came on
board. As to grief and fear, these are
soon told—sighs, tears, and groans make
118 Robinson Crusoe

up the sum of them—but such a cause
of joy as this was, in sooth, too much
for them to bear, weak and all but
dead as they were.

Some would send up shouts of joy that
rent the sky; some would cry and wring
their hands as if in the depths of grief;
some would dance, laugh, and sing; not
a few were dumb, sick, faint, in a swoon,
or half mad ; and two or three were seen
to give thanks to God.

In this strange group, there was a
young, French priest who did his best to
soothe those round him, and I saw him
go up to some of the crew, and say to
them, “Why do you scream, and tear
your hair, and wring your hands, my
men? Let your joy be free and full,
give it full range and scope, but leave off
this trick of the hands, and lift them up
in praise; let your voice swell out, not

‘
Meets a Ship lost in a Storm. TIQ

in screams, but in hymns of thanks to
God, who has brought you out of so
great a strait, for this will add peace to
your joy.”

The next day, they were all ina right .
frame of mind, so I gave them what
stores I could spare, and put them on
board a ship that we met with on her
way to France, all save five who, with
the priest, had a wish to join me.

But we had not set sail long, when we
fell in with a ship that had been blown
out to sea by a storm, and had lost her
masts: and, worse than all, her crew had
not had an ounce of meat or bread for
ten days. I gave them all some food,
which they ate like wolves in the snow,
but I thought it best to check them,
as I had fears that so much all at
onze would cause the death of some of
them.
120 Robinson Crusoe.

There were a youth and a young girl
in the ship who the mate said he
thought must be dead, but. he had not
had the heart to go near them, for the
food was all gone. I found that they
were faint for the want of it, and as it
were in the jaws of death; but in a
short time they both got well, and as
they had no wish to go back to their
ship, I took them with me. So now I
had eight more on board my ship, than
I had when I first set out.

In three months from the time when
I left home, I came in sight of my isle,
and I brought the ship safe up by the
side of the creek, which was near my old
house. :

I went up to Friday, to ask if he knew
where he was. He took a look round
him, and soon, with a clap of the hands,

said “O yes! O there! O yes! O
The Isle in Sight. 121

there!” Bye and bye, he set up a dance
with such wild glee, that it was as much
as I could do to keep him on deck.
“Well, what think you, Friday?” said I;
“ shall we find those whom we left still
here2—Shall we see poor old Jaf?”
He stood quite mute for a while, but
when I spoke of old Jaf (whose son
Friday was), the tears ran down his face,
and the poor soul was as sad as could
be. ‘No, no,” said he, “no more, no,
no more.” ;

As we caught sight of some men at
the top of the hill, I gave word to fire
three guns, to shew that we were friends,
and soon we saw smoke rise from the
side of the creek. I then went on shore
in a boat, with the priest and Friday,
and hung out a white flag of peace.
The first man I cast my eyes on at the
creek, was my old friend Carl, who,
122 Robinson Crusoe

when I was last on the isle, had been
brought here in bonds.

I gave strict charge to the men in
the boat not to go on shore, but Friday
could not be kept back, for with his
quick eye he had caught sight of old
Jaf. It brought the tears to our eyes
to see his joy when he met the old man.
He gave him a kiss, took him up in
his arms, set him down in the shade,
then stood a short way off to look at
him, as one would look,at a work of art,
then felt him with his hand, and all
this time he was in full talk, and told
him, one by one, all the strange tales of
what he had seen since they had last
met.

As to my friend Carl, he come up to
me, and with much warmth shook my
hands, and then took me to my old
house, which he now gave up to me. I
Goes on Shore - 123

could no more have found the place,
than if I had not been there at all.
The rows of trees stood so thick and
close, that the house could not be got
at, save by such blind ways as none but
those who made them could find out.
“Why have you built all these forts ?”
said I. Carl told me that he felt sure
I should say there was much need of
them, when I heard how they had spent
their time since they had come to the
isle.

He brought twelve men to the spot
where I stood, and said, “ Sir, all these
men owe their lives to you.” Then,
one by one, they came up to me, not as
if they had been the mere crew of a
ship, but like men of rank who had
come to kiss the hand of their king.

The first thing was to hear all that
had been done in the isle since I had
124 Lobinson Crusoe.

left it. But I must first state that, when
we were on the point to set sail from
the isle, a feud sprang up on board our
ship, which we could not put down,
till we had laid two of the men in
chains. The-next day, these two men
stole each of them a gun and some
small arms, and took the ship's boat,
and ran off with it to join the three bad
men on shore.

As soon as I found this out, I sent
the long-boat on shore, with twelve men
and the mate, and off they went to seek
the two who had left the ship. But their
search was in vain, nor could they find
one of the rest, for they had all fled to
the woods when they saw the boat.
We had now lost five of the crew, but
the three first were so much worse than
the last two, that in a few days they
sent them out of doors, and would have

The Two Good Men. 125

no more to do with them, nor would
they for a long while give them food to
eat.

So the two poor men had to live as
well as they could by hard work, and
they set up their tents on the north
shore of the isle, to be out of the way of
the wild men, who were wont to land
on the east side. Here they built them
two huts, one to lodge in, and one to
lay up their stores in ; and the men from
Spain gave them some corn for seed,
as well as some peas which I had left
them. They soon learned to dig, and
plant, and hedge in their land, in the
mode which I had set for them, and in
short, to lead good lives, so that I shall
now call them the “ two good men.”

But when the three bad men saw
this, they were full of spite, and came
one day to teaze and vex them. They
126 Robinson Crusoe

told them that the isle was their own,
and that no one else had a right to
build on it, if they did not pay rent.
The two good men thought at first that
they were in jest, and told them to
come and sit down, and see what fine
homes they had built, and say what rent
they would ask.

But one of the three said they should
soon see that they were not in jest, and
took a torch in his hand, and put it to
the roof of the hut, and would have set
it on fire, had not one of the two good
men trod the fire out with his feet.
The bad man was in such a rage at
this, that he ran at him with a pole he
had in his hand, and this brought on a
fight, the end of which was that the
three men had to stand off. But ina
short time they came back, and trod
down the corn, and shot the goats and
The Three Bad Men. 127

young kids, which the poor men had
got to bring up tame for their store.

One day when the two men were out,
they came to their home, and said,
“Ha! there’s the nest, but the birds
are flown.” They then set to work to
pull down both the huts, and left not a
stick, nor scarce a sign on the ground
to shew where the tents had stood. They
tore up, too, all the goods and stock
that they could find, and when they had
done this, they told it all to the men of
Spain, and said, “ You, sirs, shall have
the same sauce, if you do not mend
your ways.”

They then fell to blows and hard
words, but Carl had them bound
in cords, and took their arms from
them. The men of Spain then said
they would do them no harm, and if
they would live at peace they would
128 Robinson Crusoe

help them, and that they should live
with them as they had done till that
time, but they could not give them back
their arms for three or four months.

One night Carl—whom I shall call
“the chief,’ as he took the lead of all
the rest—felt a great weight on his
mind, and could get no sleep, though
he was quite well in health. He lay
still for some time, but as he did not
feel at ease, he got up, and took a look
out. But as it was too dark to see far,
and he heard no noise, he went back to
his bed. Still it was all one, he could
not sleep; and though he knew not
why, his thoughts would give him no
rest.

He then woke up one of his friends,
_ and told him how it had been with him.
“Say you so?” said he, ‘‘ What if there
should be some bad plot at work near
Szens of the Wild Men. 129

us!” They then set off to the top of
the hill, where I was wont to go, and
from thence they saw the light of a fire,
quite a short way from them, and heard
the sounds of men, not of one or two,
but of a great crowd. We need not
doubt that the chief and the man with
him now ran back at once, to tell all the
rest what they had seen ; and when they
heard the news, they could not be kept
close where they were, but must all run
out to see how things stood.

At last they thought that the best
thing to do would be, while it was dark,
to send old Jaf out as a spy, to learn
who they were, and what they meant
to do. When the old man had been
gone an hour or two, he brought word
back tHat he had been in the midst
of the foes, though they had not seen
him, and that they were in two sets

K
130 Robinson Crusoe.

or tribes who were at war, and had
come there to fight. And so it was, for
in a short time they heard the noise of
the fight, which went on for two hours,
and at the end, with three loud shouts
or screams, they left the isle in their
boats. Thus my friends were set free
from all their fears, and saw no more of
their wild foes for some time.

« One day a whim took the three bad
men that they would go to the main
land, from whence the wild men came,
and try if they could not seize some of
them, and bring them home as slaves, so
as to make them do the hard part of
their work for them. The chief gave
them all the arms and stores that they
could want, and a large boat to go in,
but when they bade them “ God speed,”
no one thought that they would find
their way back to the isle. But lo! in
A Prize of Eight Slaves. 131

three weeks and a day, they did in truth
come back. One of the two good men
was the first to catch sight of them, and
tell the news to his friends.

The men: said that they had found
the land in two days, and that the wild
men gave them roots and fish to eat,
and were so kind as to bring down
eight slaves to take back with them,
three of whom were men and five were
girls. So they gave their good hosts
an axe, an old key, and a knife, and
bought off the slaves in their boat to the
isle. Ass the chief and his friends did
not care to wed the young girls, the five
men who had been the crew of Paul's
ship drew lots for choice, so that each
had a wife, and the three men slaves
were set to work for the two good men,
though there was not much for them to

do.

K 2
£32 Robinson Crusoe.

But one of them ran off to the woods,
and they could not hear of him more.
They had good cause to think that he
found his way home, as in three or four
weeks some wild men came to the isle,
and when they had had their feast and
dance, they went off in two days’ time.
So my friends might well fear that
if this slave got safe home, he would
be sure to tell the wild men that they
were in the isle, and in what part of it
they might be found. And so it came
to pass, for in less than two months, six
boats of wild men, with eight or ten
men in each boat, came to the north
side of the isle, where they had not been
known to come up to that time.

The foe had brought their boats to
land, not more than a mile from the
tent of the two good men, and it was
there that the slave who had run off

The Flight to the Woods. -. Beas
had been kept, These men had the

good luck to see the boats when they
were a long way off, so that it took them
quite an hour from that time to reach
the shore.

My friends now had to think how
that hour was to be spent. The first
thing they did was to bind the two
slaves that were left, and to take their
wives, and as much of their stores as
they could, to some dark place in the
woods. They then sent a third slave
to the chief and his men, to tell them
the news, and to ask for help.

They had not gone far in the woods,
when they saw, to their great grief and
rage, that their huts were in flames, and
that the wild men ran to and fro, like
beasts in search of prey. But still our
men went on, and did not halt, till they
came to a thick part of the wood, where
134 Robinson Crusoe.

the large trunk of an old tree stood,
and in this tree they both took their
post. But they had not been there
long, when two of the wild men ran that
way, and they saw three more, and then
five more, who all ran the same way, as
if they knew where they were.

Our two poor men made up _ their
minds to Ict the first two pass, and then
take the three and the five in line, as
they came up, but to fire at one at a
time, as the first shot might chance to
hit all three.

So the man who was to fire put three
or four balls in his gun, and from a hole
in the tree, took a sure aim, and stood
still till the three wild men came so near
that he could not miss them. They
soon saw that one of these three was.
the slave that had fled from them, as
they both knew him well, and they
Rout of the Wild Men. 135

made up their minds that they would
kill him, though they should both fire.

At the first shot two of the wild men
fell dead, and the third had a graze on
his arm, and though not much hurt, sat
down on the ground with loud screams
and yells. When the five men who
came next, heard the sound of the gun
and the slave's cries, they stood still at
first, as if they were struck dumb with
fright. So our two men both shot off
their guns in the midst of them, and
then ran up and bound them safe with
cords,

They then went to the thick part of
the wood where they had put their wives
and slaves, to see if all were safe there,
and to their joy they found that though
the wild men had been quite near them,
they had not found them out. While
they were here, the chief and his men
136 Robinson Crusoe.

came up, and told them that the rest
had gone to take care of my old house
and grove, in case the troop of wild
men should spread so far that way.

They then went back to the burnt
huts, and when they came in sight of
the shore, they found that their foes had
all gone out to sea. So they set to
work to build up their huts, and as all
the men in the isle lent them their aid,
they were soon in a way to thrive once
more. For five or six months they saw
no more of the wild men. But one day
a large flect of more than a score of
boats came in sight, full of men who had
bows, darts, clubs, swords, and such like
arms of war, and our friends were all in
great fear.

As they came at dusk, and at the East
side of the isle, our men had the whole
night to think of what they should do.

Lh Watt for the Foe. 137

And as they knew that the most safe
way was to hide and lie in wait, they
first of all took down the huts which
were built for the two good men, and
drove their goats to the cave, for they
thought the aie men would go straight
there as soon as it was day, and play the
old game.

The next day they took up their post
with all their force at the wood, near the
home of the two men, to wait for the
foe. They gave no guns to the slaves,
but each of fen hack long staff with a
spike at the end of it, and by his side an
axe. There were two of the wives who
could not be kept back, but would go
out and fight with bows and darts.

The wild men came on with a bold
and fierce mien, not in a line, but all in
crowds here and there, to the point were
our men lay in wait for them. When
138 Robinson Crusoe.

they were so near as to be in range of
the guns, our men shot at them right
and let with five or six balls in cack
charge. As the foe came up in close
Grande. they fell dead on all sides, and
most of those that they did not kill were
much hurt with wounds, so that great
fear and dread came on them all.

Our men then fell on them from
three points with the butt end of their
euns, swords, and staves, and did their
work so well that the wild men set up a
loud shriek, and flew for their lives to
the woods and hills, with all the speed
that fear and swift feet could help them
to do. As our men did not care to,
chase them, they got to the shore where
they had come to land and where the
boats lay.

But their rout was not yet at an end,
for it blew a great storm that day from
Their Boats Burnt. 139

the sea, so that they could not put off.
And as the storm went on all that night,
when the tide came up, the surge of the
sea drove most of their boats so high on
the shore, that they could not be got off
save with great toil, and the force of the
waves on the beach broke some of them
to bits.

At break of day, our men went forth
to find them, and when they saw the
state of things, they got some dry wood
from a dead tree, and set their boats on
fire. When the foe saw this, they ran
all through the isle with loud cries as if
they were mad, so that our men did not
know at first what to do with them, for
they trod all the corn down with their
feet, and tore up the vines just as the
grapes were ripe, and did a great deal of
harm.

At last they brought old Jaf to them,
140 Robinson Crusoe.

to tell them how kind they would be to
them, that they would save their lives,
and give them part of the isle to live tn,
if they would keep in their own bounds,
and that they should have corn to plant,
-and should make it grow for their bread.
They were but too glad to have such
eood terms of peace, and they soon
learnt to make all kinds of work with
canes, wood, and sticks, such as chairs,
stools, and beds, and this they did with
great skill when they were once taught.

From this time till I came back to
the isle my friends saw no more wild
men. I now told the chief that I had
not come to take off his men, but to
bring more, and to give them all such
things as they would want to guard their
homes from foes, and cheer up their
hearts.

The next day I made a grand feast
The Grand Feast. 141

for them all, and the ship's cook and
mate came on shore to dress it. We
brought out our rounds of salt beef and
pork, a bowl of punch, some beer, and
French wines; and Carl gave the cooks
five whole kids to roast, three of which
were sent to the crew on board ship,
that they, on their part, might feast on
fresh meat from shore.

I gave each of the men a shirt, a
coat, a hat, and a pair of shoes, and I
need not say how glad they were to
meet with cilts so new to them. Then
T brought out the tools, of which each
man rea a spade, a rake, an axe, a crow,
a saw, a knife, and such like things,
as well as arms, and all that they conte
want for the use of them.

As I saw there was a kind will on all
sides, I now took on shore the youth
and the maid whom we had brought
142 Robinson Crusoe.

from the ship that we met on her way
to France. The girl had been well
brought up, and all the crew had a
good word for her. As they both had
a wish to be left on the isle, I gave
them each a plot of ground, on which
they had tents and barns built.

I had brought out with me five men
to live here, one of whom could turn
his hand to all sorts of things, so I gave
him the name of “ Jack of all Trades.”

One day the French priest came to
ask if I would leave my man Friday
here, for through him, he said, he could
talk to the black men in their own
tongue, and teach them the things of
God. ‘Need I add,” said he, “ that it
was for this cause that I came here ?”
1 felt that I could not part with my
man Friday for the whole world, so I
told the pnest that if I could have made
Fack of All Trades. 143

up my mind to leave him here, I was
quite sure that Friday would not part
from me.

When I had seen that all things were
in a good state on the isle, I set to work
to put my ship to rights, to go home
once more. One day, as I was on my
way to it, the youth whom I had
brought from the ship that was burnt,
came up to me, and said, “Sir, you
have brought a priest with you, and
while you are here, we want him to wed
two of us.

I made a guess that one of (ieee
must be the maid that I had brought to
the isle, and that it was the wish of the
young man to make her his wife. I
spoke to him with some warmth in my
tone, and bade him turn it well in his
mind first, as the girl was not in the
same rank of life as he had been brought
144 Robinson Crusoe.

up in. But he said, with a smile, that
I had made a wrong guess, for it was
“Jack of all Trades” that he had come
to plead for.

It gave me great joy to hear this, as
the maid was as good a girl as could
be, and I thought “well of Yack; so on
that day I gave her to him. They
were to have a large piece of ground
to grow their crops on, with a house
to eee in, and sheds for their goats.

The isle was now set out in this way:
all the west end was left waste, so that
if the wild men should land on it, they
might come and go, and hurt no one.
My old house I gave to the chief, with
all’ its woods, which now spread out as
far as the creek, and the south end was
for the white men and their wives.

It struck me that there was one gift
which I had not thought of, and that was
Sets Sail from the [sle. 145
the book of God’s Word, which I knew

would give to those who could feel the
words in it, fresh strength for their
work, and grace to bear the ills of
life.

Now that I had been in the isle quite
a month, I once more sect sail on the
fifth day of May; and all my friends
told me that they should stay there till I
came to fetch them.

When we had been out three days,
though the sea was smooth and calm,
we saw that it was quite black on the
land side; and as we knew not what to
make of it, I sent the chief mate up the
main mast to find out with his glass
what it could be. He said it was a
fleet of scores and scores of small boats,
full of wild men who came fast at us
with fierce looks. -

As soon as we got near them, I gave

.
146 Robinson Crusoe.

word to furl all sails and stop the ship,
and as there was nought to fear from
them but fire, to get the boats out and
man them both well, and so wait for the
foe.

In this way we lay by for them, and
ina short time they came up with us;
but as I thought they would try to row
round and so close us in, I told the men
in the boats not to Iet them come too
near. ‘This, though we did not mean
it, brought us toa fight with them, and
they shot a cloud of darts at our boats.
We did not fire at them, yet in half
an hour they went back out to sea,
and then came straight to us, till we
were so near that they could hear us
speak.

I bade my men keep close, so as to
be safe from their darts if they should
shoot, and get out the guns. I then sent
Death of Friday. 147

Friday on deck, to call out to them in
their own tongue, and ask what they
meant. It may be that they did not
know what he said, but as soon as he
spoke to them I heard him cry out that
they would shoot. This was too true,
for they let fly a thick cloud of darts,
and to my great grief poor Friday fell
dead, for there was no one else in their
sight. He was shot with three darts,
and three more fell quite near him, so
good was their aim.

I was so mad with rage at the loss of
my dear Friday, that I bade the men
load five guns with small shot, and four
with large, and we gave them such a
fierce fire that in all their lives they
could not have seen one like it.

Then a rare scene met our eyes:
dread and fear came on them all, for

their boats, which were small, were split
L 2 i
148 Robinson Crusoe.

and sunk—three or four by one shot.
The men who were not dead had to
swim, and those who had wounds were
left to sink, for all the rest got off as fast
as they could. Our boat took up one
poor man who had to swim for his life,
when the rest had fled for the space of
halfan hour. In three hours’ time, we
could not sce more than three or four of
their boats, and as a breeze sprang up
we set sail,

At first the man whom we took on
board would not eat or speak, and we
all had fears lest he should pine to
death. But when we had taught him
to say a few words, he told us that his
friends—the wild men—had come out
with their king to have a great fight, and
that all they meant was to make us look
at the grand sight. So it was for this

that poor Friday fell! He who had

6

All Saints’ Bay. 149

been as good and true to me as man
could be! And now in deep grief I
must take my leave of him.

We went on with a fair wind to All
Saints’ Bay, and here I found a sloop
that I had brought with me from home,
that I might send men and stores for
the use of my friends in the isle, I
taught the mate how to find the place,
and when he came back, I found that
he had done so with ease.

One of our crew had a great wish to
go with the sloop, and live on the isle,
if the chief would give him land to
plant. So I told*him he should go by
all means, and gave him the wild man
for his slave. I found, too, that a man
who had come with his wife and child
and three slaves, to hide from the king
of Spain, would like to go, if he could
have some land there, though he had
150 Robinson Crusoe.

but a small stock to take with him: so
I put them all on board the sloop, and
saw them safe out of the bay, on their
way to the isle. With them I sent three
milch cows, five calves, a horse, and a
colt, all of which, as I heard, went safe
and sound.

I have now no more to say of my
isle, as I hi id left it for the last time,
but my life in lands no less far from
home was not yet at an end. From
the Bay of All Saints we went straight
to the Cape of Good Hope. Here I
made up my mind to part from the ship
in which I had come from the isle, and
with two of the crew to stay on land,
and leave the rest to go on their way.
IT soon made friends with some men
from France, as well as from my own
land, and two Jews, who had come out
to the Cape to trade.
Satls to the Spice Isles. 15}

As I found that some goods which I
had brought with me fom home were
worth a oreat deal, I made a large sum
by the sale of them, with which I could
now get still more. When we had
been at the Cape of Good Hope for
nine months, we thought that the best
thing we ould do oul’ be to hire a
ship, and sail to the Spice Isles, to buy
cloves ; so we got a ship, and men to
work nee and set out. When we had
bought and sold our goods in the course
of Fede we came back, and then set
out once more; so that, in short t, aS we
went from port to port, to and fro, I
spent, from first to last, six years in this
part of the world.

At length we thought we would go
and seek new scenes aeete we could get
fresh gains. And a strange set of men
we at last fell in with, as you who read
152 Robinson Crusoe.

this tale will say when you look at the
print in front of this page.

When we had put on shore, we made
friends with a man who got us a large
house, built with canes, and a smail
kind Bf hut of the same near it. It had
a high fence of canes round it to keep
out fees of whom, it seems, there are
not a few in that ore The name of the
town was Ching, and we found that the
fair or mart which was kept there would
not be held for three or four months.
_ So we sent our ship back to the Cape,
as we meant to stay in this part of the
world for some time, and go from place
to place to see what sort of a land it
was, and then come back to the fair at
Ching.

cutie hncniatouento ean ea it was
well worth our while to see, and which
must have been, as near as I can guess,
Strange Lands. 153

quite in the heart of this land. It was
built with straight streets which ran in
cross lines.

But I must own, when I came home
to the place of my birth, I was much
struck to hear my friends say such fine
things of the wealth and trade of these
parts of the world, for I saw and knew
that the men were a mere herd or crowd
of mean slaves. What is their trade to
ours, or that of France and Spain?
What are their ports, with a few junks
and barks, to our grand fleets? One of
our large ships of war would sink all
their ships, one line of French troops
would beat all their horse, and the
same may be said of their ports, which
would not stand for one mfonth such a
siege as we could bring to bear on them.

In three weeks more we came to their
chief town. When we had laid in a
154 Robinson Crusoe.

large stock of tea, shawls, fans, raw silks,
am such like goods, we set out for the
north. As we knew we should run all
kinds of risks on our way, we took with
us a strong force to act as a guard, and
to keep us from the wild hordes who
rove from place to place all through the
land. Some of our men were ioc
who had come out to trade here, and
had great wealth, and I was glad to join
them, as it was by no means the first
time that they had been here.

We took fi five guides with us, and we
all put our coin in one purse, to buy
food on the way, and to pay the men
who took charge of us. One of us we
chose out for our chief, to take the lead
in case we should have to fight for our
lives; and when the time came, we had
no small need of him. On the sides of
all the roads, we saw men who made
A House of Hard Ware. 155

pots, cups, pans, and such like ware,
out of a kind of earth, which is, in fact,
the chief trade in this part of the world.

One thing, the guide said he would
show me, that was not to be seen in all
the world else (and this, in good sooth,
I could not sneer at, as I had done at
most of the things I had seen here),
and this was a house that was built of
a kind of ware, such as most plates and
cups are made of. ‘“ How big is it?”
said I; “can we take it on the back of
a horse?” ‘“QOn a horse!” said the
guide, ‘why, two score of men live in
it.” He then took us to it, and I found
that it was in truth a large house, built
with lath and the best ware that can be
made out of earth. The stin shone hot
on the walls, which were quite white,
hard, and smooth as glass, with forms
on them in blue paint. On the walls of
156 Robinson Crusoe.

the rooms were small square tiles of the
best ware, with red, blue, and green
paint of all shades and hues, in rare
forms, done in good taste; and as they
use the same kind of earth to join the
tiles with, you could not see where the
tiles met. The floors of the rooms were
made of the same ware, and as strong
as those we have at home; and the
same may be said of the roofs, but they
were of a dark shade. If we had had
more time to spare, I should have been
glad to have seen more of this house,
for there were the ponds for the fish,
the walks, the yards, and courts, which
were all made in the same way. This
odd sight kept me from my friends for
two hours, and when I had come up to
them, I had to pay a fine to our chief,
as they had to wait so long.

In two days more we came to the
The Great Wall. 157

Great Wall, which was made as a fort
to keep the whole land safe.—and a
great work it is. It goes in a long track
for miles and miles, where the rocks are
so high and steep that no foe could
climb them; or, if they did, no wall
could stop them. The Great Wall is
as thick as it is high, and it turns and
winds in all sorts of ways.

We now saw, for the first time, some
troops of the hordes I spoke of, who
rove from place to place, to rob and kill
all whom they meet with. They know
no real mode of war, or skill in fight.
Each has a poor lean horse, which is
not fit to do good work. Our chief
gave some of us leave to go out and hunt
as they call it, and what was it but to
hunt sheep! These sheep are wild and
swift of foot, but they will not run far,
and you are sure of sport when you start
158 Robinson Crusoe,

in the chase. They go in flocks of a
score, or two, and like true sheep, keep
close when they fly. In this sort of
chase it was our hap to meet with some
two score of the wild hordes, but what
sort of prey they had come to hunt I
know not. As soon as they saw us,
one of them blew some loud notes on a
kind of horn, with a sound that was
quite new to me. We all thought this
was to call their friends round them,
and so it was, for in a short time a fresh
troop of the same size came to join
them; and they were all, as far as we
could judge, a mile off. One of the
Scots was with us, and as soon as he
heard the horn, he told us that we
must lose no time, but draw up in
line, and charge them at once. We
told him we would, if he would take
the lead.
Troops of Wild Hordes. 159

They stood still, and cast a wild gaze
at us, like a mere crowd, drawn up in
no line; but as soon as they saw us
come at them, they-let fly their darts,
which did not hit us, for though their
aim was true, they fell short of us. We
now came to a halt to fire at them, and
then went at full speed to fall on them
sword in hand, for so the bold Scot
that led us, told us to do.

As soon as we came up to them,
they fled right and left. The sole stand
made was by three of them, who had a
kind of short sword in their hands, and
bows on their backs, and who did all
they could to call all the rest back to
them. The brave Scot rode close up to
them, and with his gun threw one off his
horse, shot the next, and the third ran
off, and this was the end of our fight.
All the bad luck we met with, was that
1GO Robinson Crusoe.

the sheep that we had in chase got off.
We had not a man hurt, but as for the
foc, five of them were dead, and not a
few had wounds, while the rest fled at
the mere noise of our guns.

‘Thus we went on our way from town
to town, and now and then met some of
these wild hordes, whom we had to
fight, and | need not add that each
time we had the best of the fray. At
last we made our way to the chief town
of the North Seas at the end of a year,
five months and three days, from the
time when we left Ching. When I
had been there six weeks, and had
bought some more goods, 1 took ship
and set sail for the end of my birth,
which I had left, this time, for ten years,
nine months and three days.

And now I must bring this tale of
my life to a close, while at the age of

Thoughts of his Long Home. 161

three score years and twelve, I feel that
the day is at hand, when I shall go
forth on that sea of peace and love,
which has no waves or shores but those
of bliss that knows no end.


Yo
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* —~——#

Little Lays for Little Folk,

SELECTED BY JOHN G. WATTS,

From the poems and songs of

W. C. Bryant, Tuomas Mitrzr,

Janz Tayror, * Mis. Barzautp,

Lucy Arxan, Wirriam Worpsworta,
Mary Howitt, Caroting Bow ss,

And many others. '

Illustrated with many hundred engravings and ornamental borders,
arranged and executed in the highest style of art under the direction of i
Mr. James D. Cooper. Extra cloth, full gilt side and edges... $2 50, }

‘« By far the most beautiful child’s book we have ever seen....... It
is not easy to speak of these designs as they deserve, the majority of them
are so excellent, even the smallest showing some touch of beauty or grace.”
—The Round Table,

“Little Lays is by all odds the prettiest volume of the seasan,"— The
Albion.



UNIFORM WITH THE ABOVE,

ORIGINAL POEMS FOR INFANT MINDS.
BY JANE AND E. TAYLOR.

With 114 illustrations from original drawings by the best artists.
Engraved by J. D. Cooper, small gto, extra cloth, fall gilt side and

CU gCE...ccccccccccccccscceecccs ccs tencesenssesscssasenerececs seers ceseee $2 50.

“ Here are verses for children, all good, and all inculcating the best and
most proper moralities of kindness and sympathy with nature, flowers and
trees, and ‘dumb animals’ and poor folk, as well as proper lessons on the
sins of gluttony and idleness.”"—Saturday Review.

“No daintier gift for a book-loving child can be devised than this
charmingly-printed and prettily-illustrated little volume. Messrs. Routledge
@& Sons will endear themselves to all the little folks if they issue many
more such treasures."—The Round Table.


:_ se
|

ILLUSTRATED WORKS ON

NATURAL HISTORY,

FOR YOUNG PEOPLE.

BY THE REV. J. G. WOOD, M.A., F.L.S.

»

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®,* From its systematic arrangement, fullness of illustration, clearness of type, and its
law price, this will he found an admirable text-book for higher classes in schools.

}—- -__ __________«




Gives iu his First Boat.



the ground flat and smooth all the way
from the boat to the sea, so as to let it
slide down; but this plan did not turn
out well, so I thought I would try a
new way, which was to make a trench,
so as to bring the sea up to the boat, as
the boat could not be brought to the
sea. But to do this, I must have dug
down to a great depth, which would
take one man some years to do. And
when too late, I found it was not wise
to work out a scheme, till I had first
thought of the cost and toil.
"Well," thought I, I must give up
the boat, and with it all my hopes to
leave the isle. But I have this to think
of: I am lord of the whole isle; in fact, a
king. 'I have wood with which I might
build a fleet, and grapes, if not corn, to
freight it with, though all my wealth is
but a few gold coins." For these I had



57






Builds a Houzse.



The door of my house was on the
top, and I had to climb up to it by
steps, which I took in with me, so that
no one else might come up by the same
way. Close to the back of the house
stood a high rock, in which I made a
cave, and laid all the earth that I had
dug out of it round my house, to the
height of a foot and a half. I had to go
out once a day in search of food. The
first time, I saw some goats, but they
were too shy and swift of foot, to let me
get near them.
At last I lay in wait for them close
to their own haunts. If they saw me in
the vale, though they might be on high
ground, they would run off, wild with
fear; but if they were in the vale, and I,
on high ground, they took no heed of
me. The first goat I shot had a kid by
her side, and when the old one fell, the



39






Robinson Crusoe.



or tribes who were at war, and had
come there to fight. And so it was, for
in a short time they heard the noise of
the fight, which went on for two hours,
and at the end, with three loud shouts
or screams, they left the isle in their
boats. Thus my friends were set free
from all their, fears, and saw no more of
their wild foes for some time.
, One day a whim took the three bad
men that they would go to the main
land, from whence the wild men came,
and try if they could not seize some of
them, and bring them home as slaves, so
as to make them do the hard part of
their work for them. The chief gave
them all the arms and stores that they
could want, and a large boat to go in,
but when they bade them God speed,"
no one thought that they would find
their way back to the isle. But lo! in



130






Robinson Crusoe.



more land me on the shore. I thought
the last wave would have been the death
of me, for it drove me on a piece of rock,
and with such force, as to leave me in a
kind of swoon, which, thank God, did
not last long. At length, to my great joy,
I got up to the cliffs close to the shore,
where I found some grass, out of the
reach of the sea. There I sat down,
safe on land at last.
I could but cry out in the words of
the Psalm, They that go down to the
sea in ships, these men see the works of
the Lord in the deep. For at His word
the storms rise, the winds blow, and lift
up the waves; then do they mount to
the sky, and from thence go down to the
deep. My soul faints, I reel to and fro,
and am at my wit's end: then the Lord
brings me out of all my fears."
I felt so wrapt in joy, that all I could



26





Carl and 7af 103
Jaf might have a fresh draught from my
well; and with it he brought two cakes,
one of which I bade him take to Carl,
who lay in the shade of a tree. His
limbs were stiff and cold, and he was
too weak to say a word.
I set my man to rub his feet with
rum, and while he did so, I saw Friday
turn his head round from time to time,
to steal a look at the old man. Then
we brought Carl and Jaf home from
the boat on our backs, as they could
not walk. The door of my house was
at the top, and the poor sick men could
not climb the steps by which I got in,
so we made for them a tent of old sails.
I was now a king of these three men,
as well as Lord of the isle; and I felt
proud to say, They all owe their lives
to their king, and would lay them down
for him if he bade them do so." But






Stra;zge Lands.



quite in the heart of this land. It was
built with straight streets which ran in
cross lines.
But I must own, when I came home
to the place of my birth, I was much
struck to hear my friends say such fine
things of the wealth and trade of these
parts of the world, for I saw and knew
that the men were a mere herd or crowd
of mean slaves. What is their trade to
ours, or that of France and Spain ?
What are their ports, with a few junks
and barks, to our grand fleets ? One of
our large ships of war would sink all
their ships, one line of French troops
would beat all their horse, and the
same may be said of their ports, which
would not stand for one month such a
siege as we could bring to bear on them.
In three weeks more we came to their
chief town. When we had laid in a



"153











Little Lays for Little Folk,

SELECTED BY JOHN G. WATTS,

From the poems and songs of



W. C. BRYANT,
JANz TAYLOR,
Lucy AIKxN,
MARY HOWITT,



THOMAS MILLER,
MaRS. BARIAULD,
WILLIAM WORDSWORTr,
CAROLIN5E BuWLEs,
And many others.



Illustrated with many hundred engravings and ornamental borders,
arranged and executed in the highest style of art under the direction of
Mr. James D. Cooper. Extra cloth, full gilt side and edges... $2 50.
By far the most beautiful child's book we have ever seen....... It
is not easy to speak of these designs as they deserve, the majority of them
are so excellent, even the smallest showing some touch of beauty or grace."
-The Round Table.
"Little Lays is by all odds the prettiest volume of the season,"--The
Albion.



UNIFORM WITH THE ABOVE,

ORIGINAL POEMS FOR INFANT MINDS.

BY JANE AND E. TAYLOR.
With 114 illustrations from original drawings by the best artists.
Engraved by J. D. Cooper, small 4to, extra cloth, full gilt side and
edges..................................................................... $ 50.
Here are verses for children, all good, and all inculcating the best and
most proper moralities of kindness and sympathy with nature, flowers and
tree,, and dumb animals and poor folk, as well as proper lessons on the
sins of gluttony and idleness."-Saturday Review.
No daintier gift for a book-loving child can be devised than this
charmingly-printed and prettily-illustrated little volume. Messrs. Routledge
6] Suns will endear themselves to all the little folks if they issue many
more such treasures."-The Round Table.



r
I



---------- ___ -



I











































* 4I*



---



.1



-"W



,p C

:,
fiI, -



o
Y -t;r-yC L
-;
r, LS






Robinson Crusoe.



home, and would scarce stir from it,
save to milk my flock of goats.
To feel safe was now more to me
than to be well fed; and I did not care
to drive a nail, or chop a stick of wood,
lest the sound of it should be heard,
much less would I fire a gun. As to
my bread and meat, I had to bake it at
night when the smoke could not be
seen. But I soon found the way to
burn wood with turf at the top of it,
which made it like chark, or dry coal;
and this I could use by day, as it had
no smoke.
I found in the wood where I went to
get the sticks for my fire, a cave so large
that I could stand in it; but I made
more haste to get out, than in; for two
large eyes, as bright as stars, shone out
from it with a fierce glare. I took a
torch, and went to see what. they could



66





The Dealt of the Old pog.



Fear kept me in-doors for three days,
till the want of food drove me out. At
last I was so bold as to go down to the
coast to look once more at the print of
the foot, to see if it was the same shape
as my own. I found it was not so large
by a great deal; so it was clear there
were men in the isle. Just at this time
my good watch dog fell down dead at
my feet. He was old and worn out,
and in him I lost my best guard and
friend.
One day as I went from the hill to
the coast, a scene lay in front of me
which made me sick at heart. The
spot was spread with the bones of men.
There was a round place dug in the
earth, where a fire had been made, and
here some men had come to feast.
Now that I had seen this sight, I knew
not how to act; I kept close to my
F






Robinson Crusoe



no sort of use, and could have found it
in my heart to give them all for a peck
of peas and some ink, which last I stood
much in need of. But it was best to
dwell more on what I had, than on what
I had not.
I now must needs try once more to
build a boat, but this time it was to
have a mast, for which the ship's sails
would be of great use. I made a deck
at each end, to keep out the spray of the
sea, a bin for my food, and a rest for my
gun, with a flap to screen it from the
wet. More than all, the boat was one
of such a size that I could launch it.
My first cruise was up and down the
creek, but soon I got bold, and, made
the whole round of my isle. I took with
me bread, cakes, and a pot full of rice,
some rum, half a goat, two great coats,
one of which was to lie on, and one to



58






The Iild Cal.



come there but a wild cat, which sat on
one of the chests. When I came up I
held my gun at her, but as she did not
know what a gun was, this did not rouse
her. She ate a piece of dry goat's flesh,
and then took her leave.
Now that I had tw6 freights of goods
at hand, I made a tent with the ship's
sails, to stow them in, and cut the poles
for it from the wood. I now took all the
things out of the casks and chests, and
put the casks in piles round the tent,
to give it strength; and when this was
done, I shut up the door with the
boards, spread one of the beds (which
I had brought from the ship) on the
ground, laid two guns close to my head,
and went to bed for the first time. I
slept all night, for I was much in need
of rest.
The next day I was sad and sick at
D 2



35






Their Boats Burnt.



the sea, so that they could not put off.
And as the storm went on all that night,
when the tide came up, the surge of the'
sea drove most of their boats so high on
the shore, that they could not be got off
save with great toil, and the force of the
waves on the beach broke some of them
to bits.
At break of day, our men went forth
to find them, and when they saw the
state of things, they got some dry wood
from a dead tree, and set their boats on
fire. When the foe saw this, they ran
all through the isle with loud cries as if
they were mad, so that our men did not
know at first what to do with them, for
they trod all the corn down with their
feet, and tore up the vines just as the
grapes were ripe, and did a great deal of
harm.
At last they brought old Jaf to them,



139






The Two Good Men.



no more to do with them, nor would
they for a long while give them food to
eat.
So the two poor men had to live as
well as they could by hard work, and
they set up their tents on the north
shore of the isle, to be out of the way of
the wild men, who were wont to land
on the east side. Here they built them
two huts, one to lodge in, and one to
lay up their stores in ; and the men from
Spain gave them .some corn for seed,
as well as some peas which I had left
them. They soon learned to dig, and
plant, and hedge in their land, in the
mode which I had set for them, and in
short, to lead good lives, so that I shall
now call them the two good men."
But when the three bad men saw
this, they were full of spite, and came
one day to teaze and vex them. They



125






Ront of the Wild Men.



made up their minds that they would
kill him, though they should both fire.
At the first shot two of the wild men
fell dead, and the third had a graze on
his arm, and though not much hurt, sat
down on the ground with loud screams
and yells. WVhen the five men who
came next, heard the sound of the gun
and the slave's cries, they stood still at
first, as if they were struck dumb with
fright. So our two men both shot off
their guns in the midst of them, and
then ran up and bound them safe with
cords.
They then went to the thick part of
the wood where they had put their wives
and slaves, to see if all were safe there,
and to their joy they found that though
the wild men had been quite near them,
they had not found them out. While
they were here, the chief and his men



i35