The Miami times.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028321/00979
 Material Information
Title: The Miami times.
Uniform Title: Miami times
Physical Description: v.
Language: English
Creator: Miami times
Publisher: The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Creation Date: February 29, 2012
Publication Date: 04/04/2012
Subjects / Keywords: African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )
General Note: "Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note: "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note: Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
System ID: UF00028321:00979

Full Text

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By D. Kevin McNeir
lit,. ai iiii.amitimesonline.comn

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Since the untimely, tragic death
of 1 7-,ear-old Trayvon Martin
over a month ago, there has
been a constant surge of sup-
port. protest and demands for

justice. As more and more people
of all creeds and colors join the
movement and lend their voices
to those of Trayvon's parents,
Sybrina Fulton and Tracy Mar-
tin, rallies have been held in New
York City,
Please turn to PARENTS 10A

--Mian Times phoio/D. Kevin McNelr
Leading the charge to change Florida's laws and to bring George Zimmerman to justice on Sunday were: City Commissioner Michelle Spence-
Jones (1-r), Rev. AI Sharpton,Tracy Martin [father of Trayvon], Sybrina Fulton [mother of Trayvon], Attorney Ben Crump and Rev. Jesse Jackson.

Will legislature step up to the plate

against "Stand Your Ground?" law

Braynon calls for legislative hearing

discussion on the Senate Floor
cerning the Trayvon Martin

g the current, law involving the claim
S- of sellf-dCeienae uiI.ei lic OL0ai IC )Ol
Ground" provisions of Florida Statute
con- Chapter 776, how it is implemented,
how state attorneys have been

shooting. investigating and filing on
Arguing that Florida's law, "We know that racial such cases, how public de-
commonly referred to as profiling exists; we fenders and other criminal de-
"Stand Your Ground," was know how racial pro- fense attorneys have used the
never intended to be "a blan- filing goes," he said. v,, statute and how courts have
ket of protection for commu- "It shouldn't be that, been ruling on such cases.
nity vigilantes who think they if you feel intimidated, "The ultimate goal is to de-
can bypass law enforcement you can pull a gun on crease the number of incidents
instructions and shoot anyone someone and shoot like that of Trayvon's and dis-
they see fit," State Senator Os- them. That's not the courage more individuals from
car Braynon, II, has called for kind of law we need." SIPLIN deciding to become vigilantes
Senate President Haridopolos BRAYNON More specifically, resulting in more lives lost,"
to convene legislative hear- Braynon, 35, has asked the he added.
ings. Braynon wants to have formal Legislature to take a closer look at Please turn to HEARINGS 10A

Central, Holmes

and Edison schools

granted a reprieve

State Bd. of Education removes
schools from 'intervene status'
By Kaila Heard confident that Edison is
k it'l rd".'PIir o U11t11 tiii nt)0n tii t i i roving in the right direc-
tion." said Edison Principal
Holmes Elementary School Pablo Ortiz
and Miami Edison, Booker \\ ith a student population
T. Washington and Miami of 915. where 91 percent are
Central senior high Black arid of those
schools are no 75 percent a-re of
longer in danger Haitian descent. Edi-
of closing after the son had struggled
State Board of Edu- with fi'.e consecu-
cation announced uc'e yr ears of falling
on Tuesday, March grades. Ho'.ever, for
27th. that the the past two years.
schools had dem- thLe school has man-
onstrated enough aged to achieve a
academic progress C grade. As part
to exit "intervene' BENDROSS-MINDINGALL of their efforts to
status an action improve the school's
that becomes official on Jul, academic performance,
1st. Edison provided coaches to
-1I was pleased to see that help teachers improve their
the state recognized our methods, directed teachers to
progress and that they feel Please turn to SCHOOLS 11A

Police: Hazing took place

4. A'Jh professor's home

By Bill Kaczor
A .4 tt lated Pr

told police that two Florida
A&.M Unrversity [FAMUI fac-
ulty members were present as
band fraternity pledges were
hazed at the home of one of
the professors in early 2010.
according to an investigative
report released last Wednes-
Authorities said no charges
will be filed because invesuga-

tors cannot prove the Kappa
Kappa Psi hazing happened
within a two-year statute of
limitations. The case has been
closed. The Tallahassee Police
Department report says band
director Julian White told
campus police about the al-
legations on Nov 21 aJter an-
other faculty member brought
them to his attention
That was tmo days after the
hazing death of FAMU drum
major Robert Champion while
Please turn to HAZING 8A'

More protests over Trayvon Martin's death

By DeWayne Wickham

SANFORD For America's flag-
ging civil rights movement, this place
has become a Resurrection City.
The senseless death of 17-year-old
Trayvon Martin not only has made
the city ground zero of a protest
movement that has energized people
from Boston to Los Angeles, it has
resuscitated a civil rights movement
that has long needed a cause celebre
to generate a wider following. And

that is just what it got when gun-
toting George Zimmerman killed
Martin, who was armed with just a
cellphone, a bottle of ice tea and a
bag of Skittles.
Zimmerman, a 28-year-old whose
father is white and mother is His-
panic, said he killed Martin in self-
defense after trailing the Black teen-
ager inside the gated community he
patrolled as a volunteer watchman.
:f U. At some point, there was a confron-
tation and Zimmerman fired a single

State's education

czar talks FCAT, SAT

and other hot topics
By D. Kevin McNeir

For the third year in a row., Florida had the highest per-
centage of high school graduates take an Advanced Place-
ment JAPI exam according to a national report just released
by the College Board. The first-place ranking of 47.4 percent
Please turn to EDUCATION 10A

Dr Martin Luther King,
Jr was shot and killed on
April-4 1968 by a sniper's
bullet in Memphis, Tennes-
see 'You can pay tribute to
King and to the memory of
Tray,,on Martin in a March
for Justice and Annual
Dr M L.King, Jr., Candle-
light r.emorial Service on
V Wedn-esday, April 4 at 6:01
p m The venue is MLK
, S Bi,., 162nd Street and NW
.7rh Avenue).

shot into Martin's chest. The police
refused to arrest Zimmerman, who
claims the protection of Florida's
"stand your ground" law, which al-
lows people who feel threatened to
use deadly force instead of retreat-
ing to safety.
Gunman as victim?
The idea that an armed man who
stalks a teenager who has commit-
ted no crime can get away if only
for a time with saying he was the
Please turn to PROTEST 10A

Cissy Houston

critical of media's

"crap" about Whitney

By Cecilia Vega and Kevin Dolak

For the first time since Whitney Houston's death two
months ago. the singer's grieving mother set the record
straight about the pop icon, saying she was not broke when
she died and blaming the media for false information about
her daughter.
Please turn to HOUSTON 10A

1 8 90158 00100 0


k .. 'j "

By D. Kevin McNeir

A ime




I Lie Jam ime
(ISSN 0739.:-0319
Hold your elected officialsT ,. Sree.1818
POsi OOrh.e Box 27020u
accountable and know Buena ,'sta Siat:ri, Mimi Floida33127
Phone 30,5-694-S6210u

how they vote H.E. SIGISMUND REEVES Fourinder 1923-19_
GARTH C. REEVES. JR., Editor 1972-1982

Every two or four years, depending on the office, we
chose from among a slate of men and women whom
we elect to represent our particular and specific
needs at the city, county, state and national levels. They be-
come our elected officials for some of us they are the only
voice we have when it comes to setting tax levels, ensuring
public services or even changing laws that are antiquated
and unjust. However, as a community, Blacks often tend
to elect folks to serve as our spokespersons and then fail to
follow up.
As Janet Jackson might say, 'What has your elected offi-
cial done for you lately?' Are they answering the cries of your
senior citizens that are tired of living in fear or barely mak-
ing it from one month's check to another? Are they address-
ing the escalating crime in your community? Are they mak-
ing sure the laws on our books make life easier for Blacks,
not more difficult?
This is where we stand given the current uproar associat-
ed with the "Stand Your Ground" law. And while we under-
stand the historical context that led to the swift passage of
the law, it is clear to us that we have moved far beyond the
stated intention of the statute. Where does that leave us?
At the least, Black elected officials need to be leading the
call to have this law reexamined, revised and possibly re-
pealed. But there is a process and we as citizens cannot
get the ball rolling. It's the folks who come to us every two
or four years, smiling, cajoling and making promises that
cause us to believe in them. Now it's time that they show us
that they mean what they say.

Make sure our kids know

that more 'Zimmermans'

lurk in the shadows
It is a well-known saying that tells us, "it's hard to teach
an old dogs new tricks." However, there are always
other ways to make sure that dog finally gets the point.
They must be reprimanded, reeducated and ultimately
forced to take responsibility for their ways. It's strange that
we are good at holding our beloved animals accountable but
in the case of humans, specifically those of privileged race
and position, we are more inclined to ignore their transgres-
sions and look the other way.
The metaphor is not to meant to imply that George Zim-
merman, the murderer of Trayvon Martin, should be com-
pared to a dog or some other animal. Although, if the shoe
fits you get the point.
What we want to emphasize is that in the U.S., there is
a plethora of attitudes, beliefs and associated actions that
have lived well beyond their time. They may have been the
status quo in the years of slavery, or during Jim Crow. They
may have been the law of the land and the prevailing mind-
set in those turbulent years of bloodthirsty lynchings and
the civil rights movement, but this is a new day and age,
right? Or is it?
When we look at the efforts of many members of Congress
over the past few years, one would have to wonder if Blacks
are moving forward or being pushed backwards. Blacks
simply do not have the luxury to believe the hype. We know
full well the dangers of "walking while Black" especially
if the subjects in question are males. The sad truth is that
no matter how well we prepare our children, how often we
talk to them and share horror stories that we have not only
heard about but experienced, there will always be a racist
hiding in the wings. There are still plenty of George Zimmer-
mans lurking in the shadows. Our laws must punish them
for their crimes. Our laws must protect our youth.

Brother Purvis Young -

gone but certainly not

n the last few weeks, people in Overtown, the Design Dis-
trict and even in North Miami have held exhibitions that
showcase the artistic genius of the late Purvis Young.
Young, as we know, was the very essence of Overtown and
his art was reflective of the streets, communities and the very
people with whom he lived. He was our illustrator like the
African griots, that kept our history alive. But like so many
before him, it was not until very late in his life that he began
to receive the kind of recognition and honor that he deserved.
Today there are many young Purvis's who have their own vi-
sions of the Black community. And it is because of the contri-
butions and the sacrifices that Young made during his lifetime,
that others who now follow have been encouraged to develop
their gifts and to seek their dreams. Looking at a painting by
Purvis Young can be an almost surreal experience some-
times you see your grandmother, a dear uncle or aunt, an
older sibling, the first minister you can remember from your
childhood sometimes you may even see an image that looks
hauntingly like you.
But that is what makes the work of Young so amazing, so
empowering and has made it and him so endearing to Miami's
Black community.
Tell your children the story of Purvis Young and take them
to see his work. You may not have a Picasso or Rembrandt in
your midst but then who needs them? After all, we have

Member of National Newspaper Publisher Association
rMember i mthe I Je.vspaper Association of America
Sutscripiin Rates. One Year $45.00 Six Months $30.00 Foreign $60.00
7 perc-en sales tla. for Florida residents
Periodicals Po.tage Paid at Miami, Florida
Postmaster Send address changes to The Miami Times, P.O. Box 270200
euena Visia Staion, Miami, FL 33127-0200 305-694-6210


GARTH C. REEVES, SR.. Publinsher Errmneriu
RACHEL J. REEVES. Puirlisher and Cairmann

Tre Biach Press believes that America can best lead the
world Irom racial anid naic',nal antagonism when it accords to
every peruori regardless of race, creed or color, his or her
human and legal rights Hating no person, fearing no person,
the Blac Pre.ss 1ries 10 help every person in the firm belief
miat all persons are hurl as long as anyone is held back.

BY EUGENE ROBINSON, eugenerobinson@washingtonpost.com

Losing nat
In arguments before the Su-
preme Court this week, the
Obama administration might
have done just enough to keep
the Affordable Care Act from
being ruled unconstitutional.
Those who believe in limited
government had better hope
so, at least. If Obamacare is
struck down, the short-term
implications are uncertain.
Conservatives may be buoyed
by an election-year victory;
progressives may be energized
by a ruling that looks more
political than substantive. The
long-term consequences, how-
ever, are obvious: Sooner or
later, a much more far-reach-
ing overhaul of the health care
system will be inevitable.
To say the least, the three
days of oral argument before
the high court did not unfold
the way many experts had ex-
pected. Confident predictions
that the administration would
prevail by a lopsided margin
became inoperative as soon as
the justices began pummeling
Solicitor General Donald Ver-
rilli with pointed questions. In

'1 health care is not an o

the end, Verrilli gave the skep-
tical justices what they were
looking for: a limiting principle
that allows them, should they
choose, to defer to Congress
and uphold the law.
At the heart of the legisla-
tion is the requirement that
individuals purchase health
insurance or pay a fine. Ver-

sumption that laws passed by
Congress are constitutional.
Justices don't have to like the
Affordable Care Act in order
to decide it should remain in
effect. If some members of the
court think they could do bet-
ter, maybe they should quit
and run for legislative office.
But it's going to be a close call.

Eventually, however, our health care system will be re-
structured. It has to be. The current fee-for-service para-
digm, with doctors and hospitals being paid through for-
profit insurance companies, is needlessly inefficient and ruinously

rilli argued that the man-
date is permissible under the
clause of the Constitution giv-
ing the government the power
to regulate interstate com-
merce. Justices demanded a
limiting principle: Where does
this authority end? If the gov-
ernment can compel a citizen
to buy health insurance, why
can't it compel the purchase
of other things? The court is
supposed to begin with the as-

What if they strike down the
The immediate impact will
be the human toll. More than
30 million uninsured Ameri-
cans who would have obtained
coverage under Obamacare
will be bereft. Other provisions
of the law, such as forbidding
insurance companies to deny
coverage based on pre-existing
conditions and allowing young
adults to remain on their par-

Ap u
Audit Bureau of Circulations

ents' policies, pr1resum.1bly
would also be invalidated;
if not, they would have to be
modified to keep insurance
rates from climbing sharply.
The U.S. would remain the
only wealthy industrialized
country where getting sick can
mean going bankrupt.
Eventually, however, our
health care system will be re-
structured. It has to be. The
current fee-for-service para-
digm, with doctors and hos-
pitals being paid through for-
profit insurance companies, is
needlessly inefficient and ruin-
ously expensive. When people
talk about out-of-control gov-
ernment spending, they're re-
ally talking about rising medi-
cal costs that far outpace any
conceivable rate of economic
growth. The conservative solu-
tion shift those costs to the
consumer is no solution at
Eugene Robinson is a Pulitzer
Prize-winning newspaper col-
umnist and the former assistant
managing editor of The Wash-
ington Post.
*" ^-^u-- y,-


All young Black males are Trayvon Martin

The circumstances involving
the two young Black men were
very different. But the results
were the same. Both were
slain and their deaths have
triggered dismay and rage at
the police and a quasi-author-
ity figure.
Trayvon Martin is the first.
His story is well known.
He was a young Black male
walking home, unarmed, with
no criminal record, stalked by
a rogue, self-appointed neigh-
borhood watchman, and then
murdered; the shooter skips
away scot free, and that fact
ignites mass protests, demon-
strations, and investigations,
and officials, from President
Obama on down, brand it a
The other is Kendrec Mc-
Dade, a Black teen, a former
high school football star at
Azusa High School in a sub-
urb of Los Angeles, who had
no criminal record. When the
dust settled, McDade also lay

dead. In his case, he was slain
by Pasadena, California police
officers. McDade, like Martin,
was unarmed. Police, acting
on a bogus tip about a rob-
bery, allegedly confronted Mc-
Dade and a friend on March
24th, and then opened fire
when they claimed they saw

edy, and officials promised
an independent investigation.
However, as with Trayvon
Martin's shooter, George Zim-
merman, Pasadena police did
not say what action, if any,
they took against the officers
that killed McDade.
As with Martin, the predict-

The shooting happened at night. Police claimed a sur-
veillance videotape showed McDade as a "lookout" in
a petty theft attempt, but refused demands to produce
the tape.

him reach for something in
his pants.
The shooting happened at
night. Police claimed a sur-
veillance videotape showed
McDade as a "lookout" in a
petty theft attempt, but re-
fused demands to produce the
tape. Police and city officials,
the NAACP and the Califor-
nia Legislative Black Caucus
branded the shooting a trag-

able happened: he was slain
again -- in the court of public
opinion. He's been assailed by
the non-stop litany of veiled
and not so veiled hints, innu-
endos, digs, and crass, snide,
accusing comments, remarks,
slander and outright lies
about his alleged bad back-
The image assault on Mc-
Dade and Martin has two ob-

jectives. The first is to poison
the public well enough to build
sympathy for the shooters. In
Martin's case, that was Zim-
merman. In McDade's case, it
is the Pasadena police officers
that killed him.
The even more devious and
insidious objective is to rein-
force in the public mind the
ingrained thug image of young
Black males.
Martin and McDade are only
the latest in a long train of vic-
tims that have paid the price
for the mindset that says they
are fair game for attack. Mc-
Dade may not be Martin, but
he's just as dead, and just as
much a victim of the public's
fear of men like them.
Earl Ofari Hutchinson is an
author and political analyst.
He is a weekly co-host of the
Al Sharpton Show on Ameri-
can Urban Radio Network. He
is the author of "How Obama
Governed: The Year of Crisis
and Challenge."


Trayvon needed real radical social justice

The savage and senseless
murder of Trayvon Martin
drives another nail in the cof-
fin of "post-racial" double-talk
about the devastating reality
of life in the U.S. So, we pause
and pay homage to Trayvon's
shortened youthful life, to
mourn his unnatural and un-
deserved death and to share as
best, we can the immeasurable
loss and incalculable grief con-
Siri, .11 suffered by his mother,
Sybrina Fulton, and his father,
Tracy Martin. We also commit
ourselves to stand and act in
solidarity with them to bring
Trayvon's killer to justice, hold
the police accountable for cod-
dling and covering up for lhe
killer, and to put an overdue
end to the racist practices that
have led to targeting, assault-
ing, at. :lii-_, false convic-
tions, wrongful imprisonment
and killing of so many other

Black boys and men in San-
ford, Florida and throughout
the country.
The racist targeting and sav-
age taking of Trayvon's life
evolves as he, a 17-year old
Black youth, is walking back to
the residence having gone to
the store for a bag of candy and
a can of tea. He is seen and tar-
geted by George Zimmerman, a
White Hispanic, a self-appoint-
ed overseer of an imaginary
White plantation, self-medicat-
ed and drunk on racial myths
and pathetic dreams of unde-
served relevance, and a trigger-
happy guardian of racialized
Zimmecrman calls 91 1 to
share his racist slurs and il-
lusions, describing Trayvvon
as "suspicious," "walking and
looking around", "up to no
good", and "on drugs or some-
thing", etc. He is explicitly told

not to follow Trayvon, but high
on racial hatred, he continues
to pursue him. Thus, we hear
in horror how Trayvon is hunt-
ed down as prey, how he tries
to elude this prehistoric hunter
of boys and men, and how he
is intercepted and killed in cold
blood as he cried for help.
It is said that Florida's "Stand
Your Ground and Shoot First"
Law contributed to this vicious
killing of Trayvon. Certainly. it
gives some support and sanc-
tuary to Zimmerman and kind,
but it is only part of the social
picture. The larger source of
support for this callous and
caveman-like behavior is soci-
ety itself, and the deep-rooted
remains of racist thought and
practice. It is this racism that.
provides the ready-made and
repeatedly used store of racial
stereotypes and irrationalities.
which are already part of the

racist counter discourse to de-
monize and indict Trayvon, the
child, and the unarmed and
pursued victim and to defend
and exonerate Zimmerman,
the adult and armed and out-
of-control aggressor.
But, it is said in some quar-
ters that it's not an issue of
Black and white, but one of
justice; however, the victim
is Black and the justice is for
him, his family and his people.
If a Jew was targeted as a Jew
and sought justice, we would
not say, it's not about Jew and
anti-Jew, it's just about jus-
tice. Thus, if racial injustice is
imposed on us, recognition of it
and racial justice are required
to remove it.
Dr. Mauloano Karenlga is a
professor and chair of Africana
Studies, Calif'onli/ a State Ulnirer-
sity-Long Beach and 71thdi found-
er of Kwarizan.





i !.j i '. i -* -* . i. 1 1 ..* *

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\ .'" ,, I f lf

Are you satisfied that your local
elected officials are representing you?
Miami, retired day care worker Miami, retired postal worker

I feel like .
they're doing a .K,
good job. I just .
hope that they ,1_'"
are pressing ', .
on with the ..
Trayvon Mar-
tin case until
they get some
real answers.

Miami, unemployed

Yes, I believe
that the elect-
ed officials are I
doing a good
job of repre-
senting me.

Miami, retired bus driver

Our elected officials can al-
ways be out

involved in
activities and
with the com-
munity's peo-
ple. But I'll be
honest, I am
happy that they are involved
period, even though the politi-
cal climate has shifted more to-
wards the Hispanic majority.
But whose fault is that really?
As a people, Blacks have be-
come apathetic and don't come
out and exercise their right to
vote for the best representation.

No, I'm not
satisfied be-
cause they're
not doing all
that they can
do with the
crime that's
going on es-
pecially in the
Black neighborhood.

Miami, Winn Dixie employee

Well, per-
sonally right
now all I can
say is that I'm
satisfied with '
the job they're, 'V
doing. But
there's always
room for im- -

Miami, retired executive chef

For example,
here in the
fifth ward we
have the Over- -
town neigh-
borhood by
Cubans and
others, or we also have them
taking administrative positions
Downtown positions with de-
cision making power replac-
ing positions traditionally held
by Blacks. And our politicians
seem oblivious to what's going
on and that leaves the Black
community high and dry.

- BY QUEEN BROWN, COMMUNITY ACTIVIST, Queenb2020@bellsouth.net

Do we need a 'Walking While Black' law?
Usually people don't' go have policies that dispropor- this country, it was predicted constant complaints
around bragging about their tionately and adversely affect that my sons were destined boys until my sons
hatred towards Blacks unless Black boys. Research shows for failure because they were 5000 Role Model of
they are a member of the Ku that Black boys attending pub- simply Black. Therefore, some Program which chan
Klux Klan, a skin head or a lic schools in America are more teachers and administrators reaction of their future
member of some other type of likely to be suspended from were less tolerant with my boys outlook on life. Add
hate group. But racists are ev- school than other groups with than with my girls. And when decided to empower

erywhere in our society. They
work in our schools teaching
our children and they are in
our courtroom overseeing our
justice system. They can also
be found patrolling the streets
in our community while claim-
ing to protect the very people
they despise. It is common for
a racist to keep a Black best
friend as a token to show off in
public when he needs to pro-
tect his prejudice or illegal be-
Unfortunately, racism is in-
grained in the fabric of our
society and often times it is
impossible to recognize it. Un-
fortunately, for many Black
boys in America, their first
experience with racism be-
gins as early as elementary
school. Some school systems

As a Black mother raising my sons was much more com-
plicated and challenging than raising my daughters. Al-
though, my children attended the same schools and had
some of the same teachers, their experiences were quite different.

similar offenses. Although, our
boys are too young to identify
racial discrimination, the con-
sequences can be detrimental
to their self-esteem and self-
As a Black mother rais-
ing my sons was much more
complicated and challenging
than raising my daughters. Al-
though, my children attended
the same schools and had some
of the same teachers, their ex-
periences were quite different.
As with many Black boys in

my sons would travel outside
of their community they were
subjected to traffic stops and
book bag searches while sim-
ply walking to the school bus
stop. This was something my
daughters never had to experi-
As a young, uneducated,
poor and naive single mother,
I did not understand why my
boys were viewed as suspicious
or threatening outside of their
home. I even believed some of
these negative assessment and

s about my
joined the
iged the di-
e and their
litionally, I
myself by

continuing my education and
becoming aware of my social
environment in order to protect
my children and their futures.
Recently, there has been
some discussion to introduce
the Walking While Black Bill
(WWB) to make it illegal to
profile and stop someone sim-
ply because they are Black. We
can never make enough laws to
address every action of a big-
ot. But laws to protect Blacks
are already on the books. It's
just that our justice system
needs to enforce these laws.
For today, that means arrest-
ing George Zimmerman for the
murder of Trayvon Martin.
Queen Brown is a freelance
writer, a motivational speaker
and a trained crime victim's ad-


Will Governor Scott seek

In an interview with CNN's who claims he's c
Candy Crowley last weekend, on top of the case
Florida's Republican Governor ernor told CNN h:
Rick Scott was on the defen- out to the [Martin
sive. His lack of action for near- went on to say,
ly a month after the killing of make sure that e
Trayvon Martin has come un- comfortable with
der intense scrutiny. The state ty in our state. A
level Martin investigation has
not seemed like one of his top
priorities, even after the public t l's unclear v
outcry began. As cities across that he put
the nation organize "Million Iducting a r
Hoodie" rallies and vigils in
honor of the slain teenager, Black lieutenant
Scott seems to be more con- licly aboutthe cas
cerned with other pressing
Adam Weinstein of Mother know, I've put tog
Jones reported that last week force led by my lie
alone, Scott signed legislation ernor, who, uh, w:
requiring drug tests of state can-American. Ai
employees and signed pro- I'm gonna have dii
school prayer legislation and officials appoint
Scott's attorney general spent but we'll look at a
the week on Florida's piece It's unclear why
of the Supreme Court case was necessary tc
against 'Obamacare.' These are fact that he put a
not exactly Trayvon Martin- in charge of the ta
related activities for a governor ducting a review

Letter to the Editor

Al Sharpton is a racist!
Dear editor, in any way and I

I'm white and I feel that Tray-
von Martin was my son too
and the victim of George Zim-
merman's racism, zeal and
gunshot. I admire the Martins'
strength and resolve; I don't be-
lieve Trayvon attacked George

concerned and
e. Yet the gov-
is "heart goes
i] family," and
"You want to
everyone feels
public safe-
.nd so as you

vhy Scott felt it v
a Black person
review of the Sta
governor, Jennife

gether a task
eutenant gov-
ho's, uh, Afri-
nd you know,
fferent elected
11 of it."
y Scott felt it
o include the
Black person
ask force con-
of the Stand

I hope George

gets life without parole for both
murder and hate. But I also
hate another racist: Al Sharp-
ton. Once again, he shows
his one double-purpose: help
Blacks and get Whites. If Tray-
von weren't Black, no Sharp-
ton. If George weren't white, no

true justice for Trayvon?
Your Ground law. That same place at the wrong time. It's a
Black lieutenant governor, Jen- wonder that she, who is much
nifer Carroll, has also said little closer to the case, hasn't taken
publicly about the case. Car- the opportunity to comment
roll's silence is interesting, to and show that the Republican
say the least since she was the leadership in Florida is on top
first Black person to ever win of things and truly empathizes
a state-wide election in Florida with the family and their sup-
porters nationwide.
It's also possible that Scott's
vas necessary to include the fact emphasis on Carroll's race this
in charge of the task force con- weekend is a signal that he in-
nd Your Ground law. That same tends to use her relationship to
the case more strategically go-
r Carroll, has also said little pub- ing forward. Currently, Scott
is the least popular governor
in the U.S. But simply having
a Black woman as the head of
and is the mother of two sons, the task force looking into the
one who is only about a year "Stand Your Ground" law might
older than Trayvon Martin and not be sufficient in calming
another who plays for the Mi- tensions in the Black commu-
ami Dolphins. Commenting nity. Public pressure on the Re-
on an ongoing investigation is publican leadership in Florida
very tricky, but even President is necessary to ensure that the
Obama commented on the kill- justice done for Trayvon Mar-
ing from his personal perspec- tin is not just political window
tive as a parent. Carroll's son dressing.
could have been Trayvon Mar- Zerline Maxwell is a weekly
tin, had he been in the wrong columnist for www.thegrio.com.

Sharpton. Where's Sharpton in
Sudan? Ethiopia? Rwanda and
the Congo? Aren't those "our
people" in his view? What about
Wendy's in Flushing, NY, when
six Black kids were killed by
another Black kid? What about
Black-on-Black crime, of which
there's more than white-on-

Black? Forget Black-on-White:
that's revenge to him. If Sharp-
ton is the best Blacks can do as
some kind of leader, I feel really,
really sorry for Blacks. Hey Al:
Tawana Brawley!!

Andrew Smith
Bloomfield, NJ

Authorities failure in Trayvon Martin case is inexcusable

Dear editor,

As Superintendent of Miami-
Dade County Public Schools, a
father, and an American, I am
heartbroken by the senseless
death of one of my students,
a member of this community,
Trayvon Martin. It has been
nearly a month since Trayvon
was shot and killed and the
pain of this tragedy has only
grown. Like so many others, I
am outraged by the violent act
that took the life of a young man
in the prime of his life. I attend
countless memorials of young
people whose lives have been
cut short for many reasons,
and it is always heartbreaking,
but the circumstances sur-
rounding Trayvon's death and

the inaction of law enforce-
ment officials immediately and
for weeks following his killing
cut to the very core of our hu-
manity. The apparent failure
of authorities to properly in-
vestigate this tragedy is inex-
cusable. Our American justice
system is one that assures all
citizens are equal in the eyes
of the law and in which evi-
dence, not conjecture or sup-
position, must drive criminal
investigations. It is my sincere
hope that justice delayed will
not be allowed to become jus-
tice denied. Across the nation
people of every creed and color
have joined in the call for jus-
tice for Trayvon, evidence that
what binds us as a civilized so-
ciety is the fundamental belief

that every life is equally pre-
cious. I am encouraged by the
decision to convene a grand
jury to consider the case and
by the announcement of an in-
quiry by the U.S. Department
of Justice. Maybe finally, Tray-
von's family and this commu-

nity will have answers to why
the life and dreams of a young
man so full of hope and prom-
ise ended much too soon.

Alberto M. Carvalho
Superintendent of Schools

For 89 years

Black families

have welcomed us

into their homes so

we can share their ,.

good news with

others &

h AtlfamtTi imes
The Miami Times welcomes and encourages letters on its editorial commentaries as well as all other material in the newspaper. Such feedback
makes for a healthy dialogue among our readership and the community. Letters must, however, be 150 words or less, brief and to the point, and
may be edited for grammar, style and clarity. All letters must be signed and must include the name, address and telephone number of the writer for
purposes of confirming authorship. Send letters to: Letters to the Editor, The Miami Times, 900 N.W. 54th Street, Miami, FL 33 1 27, or fax them to
305-757-5770; Email: kmcneir@miamitimesonline.com.


j t
.'- "l',': "A t "" .



too Black Men talk candidly with youth about racism

Discussion quickly turns to Trayvon Martin's death

By Gregory W. Wright
,'.\:.wrighit@hotmn il.co(in

The discussion was frank
and to the point.
"What do you know about the
Trayvon Martin case? Where
did you hear about it? From
the television? Your friends?
Somewhere in the streets? And
how do you feel about it?
The meeting which took
place last Saturday morning
at Antioch Missionary Bap-
tist church in Miami Gardens,
started off as a prayer break-
fast but before it was over, it
had turned into a brutally hon-
est exchange between Black
men and Black boys.

Former Congressman Kend-
rick Meek and members of the
local chapter of the 100 Black
Men of America, along with the
church's pastor, Arthur Jack-
son, III, say they weren't sure
what they would say but
they had to say something. For
awhile, the men simply looked
into the eyes of boys, even their
own sons, hoping to give them
clarity on the Trayvon Martin
case as well as to arm them
against the possibility of future
encounters with strangers, law
enforcement or other unknown
State Senator Oscar Braynon,
Jr., brought his three-year-old
son, Oscar, III while Attorney

LEADING BY EXAMPLE: Al Dotson, Jr. and Kendrick Meek
impart wisdom to young Black boys.

Al Dotson Jr., the national
president for 100 Black Men
of America, Inc. lead the dis-
cussion. His teenage son sat
"This is a wakeup call for
America in general," Meek
said. "Young people are con-
fused at this point. Some good
has come from this however
- Black parents are now talk-
ing to their kids because of the
Trayvon Martin case. And it's
good that President Obama
spoke out."

The boys were asked why
they preferred to wear hood-
ies, even when temperatures
are blazing. Most said it had
nothing to do with mimicking
thug images. They said it's the
fashion for young people today.
But as one member of the 100
Black Men shouted, "Hoodie or
not, there is no such thing as
'Come Shoot Me Clothes!'"
"Don't minimize this discus-
sion because of a hoodie!" said
Bill Diggs, president and CEO
of the Miami-Dade Chamber
of Commerce. "You will be at-.
tacked whether you are wear-
ing a hoodie or not!
Diggs then told the young
men that he had been followed
in a store and was wearing a
suit at the time. Other men


stood up and gave accounts of
being stopped by law enforce-
ment, or being viewed under
suspicion because of they are
Black men. Dotson told how
he had been pulled over in
his youth while simpi', riding
his bicycle, all because of the
neighborhood he was in, which
happened to be his own. But he
was able to avoid any conflict
with the officer by mentioning
that a high-ranking police offi-
cial lived next door.

LEADERS: Black males learn the art of survival.

the youth of their communi-

The men advised the youth
that when they are confronted
by an adult and have a cell
phone, they should immediate-
ly get an adult on the phone and
let the stranger or police officer
hear that they have a person of
authority on the line. Dotson
said that 100 Black Men chap-
ters across the country were
holding similar meetings with

ties and that the organization
does provide training for young
boys on how to handle situa-
tions when they are confronted
by police or other authorities.
He says more meetings will be
scheduled in the Miami-Dade
and Broward areas.
According to James Bush, III,
candidate for the Florida State
Senate, "This is the start of the
modern-day civil rights move-

Florida's new election law blunts voter drives

Floridians were registering to vote
in both Democratic and Repub-
lican presidential primaries, and
gearing up for a constitutional
amendment about property tax-
es, which generated interest and
enthusiasm. "To suggest the new
elections law had a greater* im-
pact on voter registration than
the election ballot itself is a leap
of logic," Mr. Cate said.
The law in Florida, which was

passed by a Republican-con-
trolled Legislature and signed into
law by Gov. Rick Scott, a Repub-
lican, also reduces the number
of early voting days in the state.
While the effects of those changes
may not be seen until the fall, the
new restrictions on voter registra-
tions are already being felt as
Sabu L. Williams, the president
of the Okaloosa County Branch
of the N.A.A.C.P., discovered this

year when he registered some
voters during the Martin Luther
King's Birthday weekend.Wil-
liams's group registered two vot-
ers on the Sunday of the three-
day weekend, and noted the time,
as required by the law: 2:15 p.m.
and 2:20 p.m. When the local
elections office reopened on Tues-
day, Jan. 17, the group handed
the forms in. They were stamped
as received at 3:53 p.m.

-Meggan Haller
Sabu Williams and Naomi L. Hardison of the N.A.A.C.P, have met with frustration in their efforts

to register voters in Florida.
By Michael Cooper
And Jo Craven Mcginty

Florida, which is expected to be
a vital swing state once again in
this year's presidential election,
is enrolling fewer new voters than
it did four years ago as prominent
civic organizations have suspend-
ed registration drives because of
what they describe as onerous
restrictions imposed last year by
Republican state officials.
The state's new elections law -
which requires groups that reg-
ister voters to turn in completed
forms within 48 hours or risk
fines, among other things has
led the state's League of Women
Voters to halt its efforts this year.
Rock the Vote, a national orga-
nization that encourages young
people to vote, began an effort
last week to register high school
students around the nation -
but not in Florida, over fears that
teachers could face fines. And on
college campuses, the once-ubiq-
uitous folding tables piled high
with voter registration forms are
now a rarer sight.
Florida, which reminded the
nation of the importance of every
vote in the disputed presiden-
tial election in 2000 when it re-
ported that George W. Bush had
won by 537 votes, is now seeing
a significant drop-off in new voter
registrations. In the months since
its new law took effect in July,
81,471 fewer Floridians have
registered to vote than during
the same period before the 2008
presidential election, according
to an analysis of registration data
by The New York Times. All told,
there are 11.3 million voters reg-
istered in the state.

-Sarah Beth Glicksteen
The League of Women Voters of Seminole County held a lun-
cheon last week on Florida's new voter registration laws.

It is difficult to say just how
much of the decrease is due to the
restrictions in the law, and how
much to demographic changes, a
lack of enthusiasm about politics
or other circumstances, includ-
ing the fact that there was no
competitive Democratic presiden-
tial primary this year. But new
registrations dropped sharply in
some areas where the voting-age
population has been growing, the
analysis found, including Miami-
Dade County, where they fell by
39 percent, and Orange County,
where they fell by a little more
than a fifth. Some local elections
officials said that the lack of reg-
istration drives by outside groups
has been a factor in the decline.
In Volusia County, where new
registrations dropped by nearly a
fifth compared with the same pe-
riod four years ago, the supervi-
sor of elections, Ann McFall, said
that she attributed much of the
change to the new law. "The drop-
off is our League of Women Vot-
ers, our five universities in Volu-
sia County, none of which are
making a concentrated effort this

year," Ms. McFall said.
Florida's law which is be-
ing challenged in court by civic
groups and, in counties covered
by the Voting Rights Act, the
Justice Department is one of
more than a dozen that states
have passed in recent years that
have made it harder to vote by
requiring voters to show photo
identification at polls, reducing
early voting periods or making it
more difficult to register.
Republicans, who have passed
nearly all of the new voting laws,
say the restrictions are needed
to prevent fraud. Democrats
note that such fraud almost
never happens, and say that
the laws will make it harder for
young people and members of
minorities, who tend to support
Democrats, to vote.
Chris Cate, the communi-
cations director for Florida's
Department of State, which
oversees the state's Division of
Elections, questioned how much
of the decline in registrations
should be attributed to the new
law, noting that four years ago

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Rainbow of denim is shading spring style

By Samantha Critchell
Associated Press

NEW YORK Your attention,
please: One of the easiest ways
to spruce up your wardrobe this
spring is with a splash of color.
It doesn't have to go on your lips
or over your shoulder and not
across your chest, either. This
season, the place for bold color
is on the bottom.
Colored denim and, by exten-
sion, every other kind of pants
and trousers in hues as bright
as the rainbow are a key look
in stores at every end of the
shopping spectrum. Part of the
pervasiveness is that it's pretty
democratic: You find the shape
and silhouette that you like best
and find the shade that best
complements your skin tone.
Swap out blue or khaki and,
voila, you're on trend.
Think of it as you would a
fresh coat of paint.
"You can't deny what's go-
ing on with color," says Daniel
Guez, CEO and creative direc-
tor of the upscale denim label
Dylan George. "Everyone can
participate in this."
"Yes, bright yellow bottoms
might seem a little intimidating
at first," says Tana Ward, Amer-
ican Eagle's chief merchandis-
ing officer, but adds: "We see
colored bottoms as easy to wear,
believe it or not."
Reverse whatever outfit you
would have worn before, she
suggests: Instead of jeans and
a bold pink or red top, put the
color on the bottom and pair it
with a denim chambray shirt -
maybe even a Western style -
or go for a little femininity with a
white lace tank top peeking out
the top of a crisp white or blue
button-down. You're also likely
to find an easy transition into
crocheted or other loose-weave
sweaters in natural, neutral col-
ors, too, Ward says.



former first

lady's dresses

CANTON, Ohio (AP) The
19th century dresses of first
lady Ida McKinley are undergo-
ing a thorough cleaning, and
detailed embroidery and bead-
ing have complicated the work.
"She loved embellishment
and that has consequences,"
said Kimberly Kenney, curator
at William McKinley Presiden-
tial Library and Museum, which
has 20 dresses authenticated
as having been worn by his wife.
'We have issues with beads
falling off and embroidery un-
raveling," Kenney said in an
interview published in The Re-
pository. "A lot of them are
from New York dressmakers -
they're good quality."
The museum's auxiliary is in-
volved in a long-term project to
raise funds to restore and pre-
serve the dresses.
Cindy Sober, the museum
shop manager and a member
of the auxiliary, suggested the
dress project and noted that few
dresses were in good enough
shape to be displayed at last
year's museum anniversary
"Cindy remembered that I
had gotten dresses out and
wasn't able to use all of them,"
said Kenney. "It took bringing
several out to find three I could
put on mannequins."
Kenney said that since there
are few of the dresses she feels
secure in displaying, those
are getting overused. The rest
stayed boxed and stored in a
temperature-controlled conser-
vation room.
It will cost an estimated
$5,000 per dress to restore and
preserve them. The cost of res-
toration is in part due to the
numerous embellishments and
the silk fabric.
Silk has always been high
fashion but it's fragile," Ken-
ney said. "These dresses are at
this point more than 110 years
old. That's really asking a lot of

The McKinleys lived for many
years in Ida McKinley's fam-
ily's Canton home, which now
serves as the home of the Na-
tional First Ladies Library.

However, she adds, while
there are many user-friendly
ways to wear colored pants,
don't expect any of them to go
unnoticed. "Turning a few heads
is the point," Ward says, "and
eventually you'll gain the confi-
dence to put the bright top with
the bright bottom." "Being bold
is very modern ... and the most
modern way to do this is color
on color. Wear the unexpected

- a red bottom, tangerine tank
and cobalt blue cardigan."
Stylist George Kotsiopoulos
says all the color infuses fun
into fashion without making
women victims of a frivolous
trend, but he agrees it's not for
shrinking violets. "I don't know
that you could do too much col-
or OK, maybe yellow jeans, a
fuchsia top and orange jacket.
You can absolutely run the risk

of looking like a clown in all of
this, but it can also be very chic.
You can be a very chic clown."
He adds, "This gives you
something new to shop for. It's
a way to be casual with a little
something extra."
(The E! Fashion Police com-
mentator says he bought many
colored denim pants for his TV
appearances because they look
good on camera and in pho-


tos. He's not sure, though, how
many other men he'll bump into
on the street wearing them.)
Color is giving a jolt to the
jeans business, which only has
so many options for growth.

Slim crop jeans in orchid,
rasberry and marigold from
Dylan George can give your
look a quick pick-me-up.

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SIR ISO )N 3AFlorida's disaster

One day I will hit the dance floor again self-defense law
By Arthur Lee Hall, Jr. of fun. If you were rades, house parties bly never become familiar with By John F. Timoney

Jamming to a soulful tune
by Mary J. Blige, I heard the
R&B/hip-hop diva belt out a
few up-beat lyrics encourag-
ing listeners to get crunk and
ordering soldiers to dance for
her. Being the solider that I
am, I felt like she was sing-
ing to me, then started wish-
ing that I could show her some
of my swagged-out dancing
That radio-listening experi-
ence led me to delve far back
in my mind to a time in Mi-
ami when skating rinks were
a place where young people
gathered together to roller
skate, dance and have loads

raised in the bottom
and you're 39-years-old
or over, you might just
know something about
Super Stars Roller Tech
or Sunshine Skating
Rink. During spring t
break, summer time HA
and every weekend all through
the year, each of those venues
stayed jam packed with sweat-
drenched teenagers. Miami's
unique style of DJ groups were
folks like Ghetto Style, Vicious
Funk, Triple M, Space Funk,
Party Down, Galaxy and Pit
Bull DJ's.
Before gun violence reached
its zenith, high schools, audi-
toriums, parks, beaches, pa-

and block parties were
places that my gen-

loved to crash as well.
The long-time tradition
of dancing in Miami's
S Black community is
ALL proof that the rhythmic
moves of our African ancestors
have never been lost. Many
popular dances that originated
in Miami-Dade County's tough,
inner-city neighborhoods even-
tually gained world-wide rec-
ognition. Remember the Throw
That D, Ghetto Jump, Cabbage
Patch, Donkey Kong, Smurf
and the Prep? Unless a rare
video from back then somehow
emerges, the world will proba-

the moves of elite dance groups
like Cadillac Black and Pana-
ma Red, the Amazing Wizards
and the Throw The D Boys.
As I picked up a large por-
tion of my moves from a throw-
back era, most likely I would
have to break it down for Ms.
Blige with one spectacular
free-style dance. From watch-
ing her on television, I'm al-
most sure that she would have
something funky to come back
at me with that might even sit
me down. That would be some-
thing having an exchange on
the dance floor in the free world
after spending two long decades
on prison grounds. But you
can't fault me for dreaming.

The Trayvon Martin tragedies

The recent killing of Trayvon Martin needs more investigation. But

where's the outrage over the daily scourge of black-on-black crime?
By Juan Williams

The shooting death of Tray-
von Martin in Florida has
sparked national outrage, with
civil rights leaders from San
Francisco to Baltimore leading
protests calling for a new inves-
tigation and the arrest of the
But what about all the other
young Black murder victims?
Nationally, nearly half of all
murder victims are Black. And
the overwhelming majority of
those Black people are killed
by other Black people. Where is
the march for them?
Where is the march against
the drug dealers who prey on
young Black people? Where is
the march against bad schools,
with their 50 percent dropout
rate for Black teenaged boys?
Those failed schools are cer-
tainly guilty of creating the
shameful 40 percent unemploy-
ment rate for Black teens.
How about marching against
the cable television shows con-
stantly offering minstrel-show
images of Black youth as rap-
pers and comedians who don't
value education, dismiss the
importance of marriage, and
celebrate killing people, drug
money and jailhouse fashion-
the pants falling down because
the jail guard has taken away
the belt, the shoes untied be-
cause the warden removed the
shoe laces, and accessories
such as the drug dealer's pit
Supposedly all of this is just
entertainment and intended to
co-opt the stereotypes. But it
only ends up perpetuating ste-
reotypes in white minds and,
worse, having young Black
people internalize it as an au-
thentic image of a proud Black
There is no fashion, no thug
attitude that should be an invi-
tation to murder. But these are
the real murderous forces sur-

Rev. Jesse Jackson leads a rally for Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Fla., on March 26th.

rounding the Martin death-
and yet they never stir protests.
The race-baiters argue this
case deserves special atten-
tion because it fits the mold of
white-on-Black violence that
fills the history books. Some
have drawn a comparison to the
murder of Emmett Till, a Black
boy who was killed in 1955 by
white racists for whistling at a
white woman.
The Martin case is very differ-
ent from the Emmett Till case,
in which a white segregation-
ist Mississippi society approved
of the murder of a Black child.
Black America needs to get out
of the rut of replaying racial in-
justices of the past.
All minority parents fear that
children who embrace "gang-
sta" fashion, tattoos and a thug
attitude will be prejudged as

Recall what Jesse Jackson
once said: "There is nothing
more painful to me at this stage
in my life than to walk down
the street and hear footsteps
and start thinking about rob-
bery. Then look around and
see somebody white and feel re-
lieved. . After all we have been
through. Just to think we can't
walk down our own streets, how
That is the unfair weight of
being Black in America for both
the Black person who feels the
fear and the Black teen who is
judged as a criminal.
Despite stereotypes, the re-
sponsibility for the Florida
shooting lies with the individual
who pulled the trigger. The fact
that the man pursued the teen
after a 911 operator told him to
back off, and the fact that he
alone had a gun, calls for him to

Video in Trayvon's killing is raising questions
By Donna Leinwand Leger
& Melanie Eversley w.

be arrested and held account-
able under law. The Depart-
ment of Justice is investigating
the incident and the governor of
Florida has appointed a special
prosecutor to review the case.
But on a larger scale, all of
this should open a serious na-
tional conversation about how
our culture made it easier for
this type of crime to take place.
As President Obama said last
week, "I think all of us have to
do some soul searching to fig-
ure out how does something
like this happen. And that
means we examine the laws and
the context for what happened,
as well as the specifics of the in-


The very public controversy surrounding the killing on Feb.
26th of Trayvon Martin, an unarmed 17-year-old, by a crime
watch volunteer, George Zimm e r m an, was predictable.
In fact, I, along with other Florida chiefs of police, said so
in a letter to the Legislature in 2005 when
we opposed the passage of a law that not
only enshrined the doctrine of "your home
is your castle" but took this doctrine into
the public sqLuare and added a new concept
7.. t called "stand ',.our ground
i se-of-force issues arose often during
my 41-year policing career. In fact, officer-
involved shootings were the No. 1 problem
when I became Miami's police chief in
January 2003. But after we put in place
TIMONEY new policies and training, officers went 20
months without discharging a single bullet
at a person, while arrests increased over 30 percent.
Trying to control shootings by members of a well-trained
and disciplined police department is a daunting enough task.
Laws like "stand your ground" give citizens unfettered power
and discretion with no accountability. It is a recipe for disas-
At the time the Florida law was working its way through
the Legislature, proponents argued that a homeowner should
have the absolute right to defend himself and his home
against an intruder and should not have to worry about the
legal consequences if he killed someone. Proponents also
maintained that there should be no judicial review of such a
But I pointed out at the time that even a police officer is
held to account for every single bullet he or she discharges,
so why should a private citizen be given more rights when it
came to using deadly physical force? I also asked the bill's
sponsor, State Representative Dennis K. Baxley, to point to
any case in Florida where a homeowner had been indicted
or arrested as a result of "defending his castle." He could not
come up with a single one.
The only thing that is worse than a bad law is an unneces-
sary law. Clearly, this was the case here.
The second part of the law "stand your ground" is the
most problematic. Until 2005, in all 50 states, the law on
the use of force for'civilians was pretty simple. If you found
yourself in a situation where you felt threatened but could
safely retreat, you had the duty to do so. (A police officer does
not have the duty to retreat; that is the distinction between a
sworn police officer and the average citizen regarding use of
Police officers are trained to de-escalate highly charged
encounters with aggressive people, using deadly force as a
last resort. Citizens, on the other hand, may act from emotion
and perceived threats. But "stand your ground" gives citizens
the right to use force in public if they feel threatened. As the
law emphatically states, a citizen has "no duty to retreat and
has the right to stand his or her ground."
During one debate, one of the law's proponents suggested
that if a citizen felt threatened in a public space, he should
not have to retreat and should be able to meet force with
force. I pointed out that citizens feel threatened all the time,
whether it's from the approach of an aggressive panhandler
or squeegee pest or even just walking down a poorly lighted
street at night. In tightly congested urban areas, public
encounters can be threatening; a look, a physical bump, a
leer, someone you think may be following you. This is part of
urban life. You learn to navigate threatening settings without
resorting to force. Retreating is always the best option.
As Florida police chiefs predicted in 2005, the law has been
used to justify killings ranging from drug dealers' turf battles
to road rage incidents. Homicides categorized as justifiable
have nearly tripled since the :aw went into effect.
Back in 2005. the National Rifle Association identified
about tv.'o dozen states as fertile ground for the passage of
laws just like this one. Florida %'. as the first state to pass such
a law. Today, at least 20 other states have followed suit.
Gov. Rick Scott of Flonda can make all Floridians proud by
being the first governor to reject and repeal such misguided
John F. Timoney is a former Miami police chief, Philadelphia
police commissioner and deputy police commissioner in New
York. He is no1011 senior police adviser to the Bahrain Minister of
the Interior.

Forensic experts say newly re-
leased video by police of the man
who shot Trayvon Martin raises
more questions than it answers
- but that's not stopping droves
of amateur sleuths on TV, Twitter
and Facebook from scrutinizing it
"I think the public should not
draw any conclusions from this at
all," said Grant Fredericks, who
once headed the forensic video
unit for the Vancouver (British
Columbia) Police Department.
The video should be just a frac-
tion of the evidence available to
police as they investigate George
Zimmerman's claim that he shot
and killed Trayvon, 17, after the
teenager allegedly punched the
neighborhood watch volunteer in
the nose and slammed his head
against the ground, Fredericks
The Feb. 26th shooting in San-
ford, Fla., has brought national
attention because Trayvon's fam-
ily claims Zimmerman killed the
unarmed youth after racially
stereotyping him. Trayvon was
Black. Police say Zimmerman is
white; his family says he is His-

Newly-released video of the man who shot and killed Trayvon
Martin is raising more questions than answers.
panic. been dead "if he had not acted de-
Zimmerman's brother, Robert cisively and instantaneously."
Zimmerman Jr., told CNN Thurs- The police security camera vid-
day that reports his brother was eo shows Zimmerman exiting a
chasing the teen are "absolutely patrol car and entering the San-
false" and that he "was not patrol- ford Police Department about 35
ling the neighborhood. He was go- minutes after the shooting. Imag-
ing to a store, Target." es of Zimmerman's head and face
Robert Zimmerman said the reveal no obvious cuts or gashes,
voice heard screaming on 911 but at one point, a police officer
tapes is that of his brother, who inspects the back of his head.
acted to save his own life. He said Zimmerman's lawyer, Craig Son-
George Zimmerman "was very dis- ner, told NBC's Today the video
appointed that none of the neigh- supports his client's story be-
bors had come out" to help him. cause the officer may have been
He said his brother would have looking at an injury.






By D. Kevin McNeir
k- cnieir@tniainitiniiesonline.coi

It's an interesting thing about
"history." Sometimes as stories
are told, others add portions to
the tale until they eventually seem
to take on a life of their own. The
story becomes more sensational-
ized, more exciting and for the
most part, just plain wrong.
One tale from America's recent
history in which fact and fiction
have clearly blurred together
is the story of Emmett Till a
young man from Chicago, whose
trip to the South in the summer
of 1955 turned to tragedy and his
eventual murder. Five decades af-
ter his accused kidnappers and
murderers were acquitted by an
all-White jury of Mississippi na-
tives, federal authorities finally
reopened the case. It was hoped
that they would finally get the
facts straight and the real story
With that in mind, Simeon
Wright, the cousin of Emmett
Till and an eyewitness to all of
the events that transpired lead-
ing up to Till's abduction, decided
to break his silence after many
years and set the record straight.
Wright, 68, now lives with his
wife of 38 years in Countryside,
Illinois a western suburb of
Chicago. He says he vividly re-
members the events that led to
the kidnapping and murder of his
cousin, Emmett Till, as if it were
only yesterday.
For years he has remained si-
lent, reading texts and watching
documentaries which, as he says,
"were distortions of the real sto-
ry." Now he is on a one-man mis-
sion, speaking to youth groups
across the country, discussing
his published memoirs and talk-
ing with historians anyone who
might benefit from hearing the
In his book, "Simeon's Story:
An Eyewitness Account of the
Kidnapping of Emmett Till," he
shares his tragic, first hand ac-
count of man's inhumanity to
man and how that one night
changed his life forever.

During the 1950's, it was com-
mon for Black families who had
recently left places like Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana, and the
Carolinas for greater economic
and educational opportunities in
the North, to return from their
new homes of Detroit, Chicago
and Cleveland during summer
Such was the case for young
Emmett Louis Till, a 14-year-old
Black boy and resident of Chi-
cago who, after hearing that his
cousin Wheeler Parker, also from
Chicago, would be returning to
the family's farm in Money, Mis-
sissippi, was able to convince his
mother, Mamie Till Mobley, to al-
low him to tag along for a short
stay with his great-uncle, Mose
Wright. But life in the South, with
its Jim Crow laws and blatant
racism, was quite different for
Blacks than it was in the North.
And children were advised, as
was Till, to "mind their manners"
with whites.
Simeon Wright, the youngest
of 12 children and Mose Wright's
baby boy, was one of the many
cousins that would welcome Till
upon his arrival.
And for the first few days, Till's
summer junket went along fairly
predictably trips to the local
store for candy, evening walks
through cotton fields and a lot

of pranks being played on family
members and friends.
And as the story goes, it was
during one such trip, to Bryant's
Grocery and Meat Market, that
Till would commit the unimagi-
nable- he whistled at the wife of
the store' owner.
Here, according to :Simeon
Wright, is the beginning of what
would become a long list of inac-
curacies that have become part of
the Till story.
"There were certainly concerns
about Emmett's visiting us,"
Wright said. "His mother did not

to pick it up and we took off down
that road as fast as we could.
We couldn't get out of there fast
"Shortly after leaving the store,
we saw a car coming up from be-
hind us, and we thought it might
be Mrs. Bryant's husband or
someone coming after us, so ev-
eryone jumped out of the car and
ran through the cotton fields. I
stayed hidden in the car. But the
car passed by we figured that
the worst was behind us."
But as history would show, the
worst was yet to come.


# I..,-"'

.. ..
~, ~ .~W'

trust him coming to visit us be-
cause he was unaware of the way
life was in the South, especially
for Blacks. Young people coming
from the North really did not have
a clue they didn't understand
Jim Crow laws. But even we as
children who lived in the South
believed that while Jim Crow was
meant to keep Black folks down
and could often lead those who
violated the codes to be beaten or
jailed, we never thought it could
be the cause of one's death not
at least until Emmett was mur-
dered. Then it became a very dif-
ferent world for all of us."

Wright continued with his sto-
"Emmett never touched Caro-
lyn Bryant (the co-owner of the
store along with husband Roy
Bryant)," he said. "Emmett never
asked her for a date or put his
arm around her. And as for the
part of him even speaking to her
and his words being misinter-
preted because of a speech im-
pediment that would come up
many years later -that was prob-
ably advanced by someone who
wasn't even there."
What is true, according to
Wright, is that Emmett Till was
only in the store by himself for
just a few seconds before he
[Wright] was sent in to get him
by his older brother, Maurice,
who wanted to make sure noth-
ing happened to him and that he
did not make any errors given the
strict rules of Jim Crow.
"I was sent in to make sure
Emmett behaved himself and we
were on our way out of the store
after having made our purchas-
es," Wright said. "That's when the
infamous wolf-whistle took place.
And yes, Emmett did whistle at
her. We never expected him to do
anything like that even though
he was always known to pull
pranks and we were scared
out of our minds. I remember our
jumping into the car so fast that
my brother Maurice dropped his
cigarette and had to reach down

Three days passed and despite
warning from a neighbor, the
boys believed that all had been
forgotten. According to Wright,
one neighbor, Ruthie Mae Craw-
ford, told him and his brother
that she had heard rumors that
some men were going to get the
boys and warned them that they
might be in danger.
"We never took her seriously,"
Wright said. "But they did come
for Emmett."
Around 2:30 a.m., on August
27, 1955, Bryant and his half-
brother, J.W. Milam, kidnapped
Till with the explanation that they
were going to rough him up and
return him later that morning.
"I was in the bed with Emmett
and they (Milam and Bryant) told
me to put my head down and go
to sleep," Wright said, "But I kept
my eyes open. My mom offered
them money to leave Emmett
alone and I think Bryant was will-
ing to accept it. But Milam had
other plans. He was calling the
shots and said that Emmett had
to be whipped.
"After they left with Emmett,
no one said a word nothing. I
sat in my bed and kept listening
for cars, waiting for them to bring
Emmett back. As it got towards
dawn, I knew that he was never
coming back. When I look back
on it, we (boys) were just as guilty
as Milam and Bryant because we
never told my father what had
transpired at the store. If we had,
I'm sure he would have sent Em-
mett back to Chicago right away.
But Emmett begged us not to tell.
Even as they were taking Emmett
away, he didn't seem to be afraid.
Maybe he could not believe that
these men would really hurt him,
much less kill him for whistling at
a white woman. I didn't think so
either. But I know if I had thought
so, they would have had to kill me
It would be several days before
the brutally beaten and barely
recognizable body of Emmett Till

was found, tied to a 75
cotton gin fan in the Talla
River near Glendora,
small cotton town north
Till was naked with a
hole in his head, only tw
remaining in his moutl
ears gone, the bridge of h
hacked like it had been c
meat cleaver and his gen
moved. His face and the
his head had been separa
lam and Bryant admitted
ping Till, but said they
him go. On September 23
a jury of 12 white males
ted both defendants. D
tions took just 67 minute
"My father was one of
witnesses and he really
his life," Wright said. "Rei
that he had been brought
a culture of slavery and s
the truth and testify ag
white person was like con
suicide. I was only 12-ye
then, almost 13 and I
that justice would prev
ter all, there were eyewit
I simply did not realize t
Crow would allow whites
a Black boy without lega
"I remember how shock
people in the courtroom
when Dad identified Mil.
Bryant as the kidnappers
their was a preacher who
ly spoke without the use
notes. He was an eloque
and contrary to what one
er, James Hicks (a Blac
nalist from the Baltimo
American) wrote, as well
Eyes On the Prize,. suggi
did not say 'Dar he' whei
ing to Milam and Bryant
their would never have
like that. That's the kind
that reporters and writ
which perpetuated the mn
all Blacks in the south we
rant and uneducated."

Wright says that he i
disappointed by the prod
authors like Christopher
(who co-wrote an autobio

74^* published in 2003 by Mamie Till-
". Mobley) and Juan Williams Eyes
on the Prize because neither
presents the complete, factual
.' "Maybe Emmett's death was
.* somehow necessary," Wright
-' '" says. "Before Emmett's death, we
."" (Blacks) did not resist. We just
accepted the mistreatment we
received at the hands of whites.
But after his death, Blacks, es-
pecially teens, began to fight
back. Some of us left the South.
Some whites, I discovered, were
beginning to disapprove of the
way Blacks were being treated.
Some were still afraid but oth-
ers began to help. Today we see
that the laws have been changed
I would hope that hearts have
changed as well.
"Young people ask me so many
questions about Emmett. I tell
5-pound them that history is not history
ahatchie unless it's true. So many lies
another continue to be spread about this
of Mon- case and our family. My brother
Maurice never accepted a 50-
a bullet cent store credit to tell Milam
vo teeth and Bryant where we lived and
h, both therefore where Emmett was.
his nose Emmett never had pictures in
cut by a his wallet of naked white women.
itals re- and as far as we know, he nev-
back of er had a secret desire for white
ited. Mi- women.
kidnap- "Writers never mention Ma-
had let mie's second husband. LeMoris
3, 1955, Malloy or how he supported her
acquit- and the family during those ter-
)elibera- ribly difficult days. There are so
s. many so-called facts that have to
the key be corrected.
risked "One that always bothers me is
member the story that they had to sneak
it up in my father out of Mississippi after
3o to tell the trial. That never happened.
against a There was no escape plan. In
emitting fact, we drove to my uncle's
ears-old house in Browning just outside
believed of Greenwood and he drove us to
'ail. Af- the train station in Winona. He
tnesses. was never hidden in a coffin and
hat Jim taken across state lines for his
3 to kill own safety.
I conse- "What is true is that my Dad
was shocked and disappointed
ked the after the verdict came in not
m were guilty. He had put his life on the
am and line and felt that both the govern-
. Mv fa- ment and the state had failed him
normal- had failed Emmett. He told us
of any that day (after the trial was over)
nt man that we had to leave Mississippi.
report- We sold what we could, gave the
2k jour- rest away and left. We even had
re Afro- to leave our dog. That is my his-
as what tory and it's painful. But today
ests, he I realize that it is part of me. I
n point- remember being taught in school
My fa- that if we don't enforce the law,
spoken we will have lawlessness. I want
of thing to see the laws of Mississippi en-
ters did forced. And I also want young
yth that people to understand, whether
re igno- it is under Jim Crow in America
or apartheid in South Africa, not
all whites are bad people. They
aren't low down and dirty. Most
H back then were just afraid to
remains speak out and didn't want to get
ducts of involved. I'm not sure if that has
Benson really changed so much 50 years
ography later."


w ahS^

Willie Gary leads the way in Fort Valley State's fundraiser

Fort Valley, GA Willie
Gary recently served as the
keynote speaker at the Fort
Valley State University (FVSU)
Black History Month scholar-
ship luncheon: Celebrating 25
Years of Giving, in Fort Valley,
Georgia. The goal was to honor
the accomplishments of Black
leaders and trailblazers and
to raise funds to ensure that
future scholars receive a qual-
ity education. The breakfast
was hosted by Congressman
Sanford Bishop, Jr. and State
Representative Calvin Smyre.
Gary addressed an audience
of nearly 1,000 during the lun-
cheon and encouraged the at-
tendees to support students at
Fort Valley State University by
lending their time, talent and
"Many great men and wom-

en have made significant
sacrifices and fought for civil
rights," he said. "Today we cel-
ebrate those leaders and leg-
ends who have paved the way.
Thanks to their perseverance;
the opportunities our grand-
parents only dreamed of hav-
ing are accessible to all Amer-
Known for his philanthropic
endeavors, he and his wife,
Gloria Gary, founded The
Gary Foundation, which pro-
vides college scholarships to
at-risk students who wish
to attend college. The Garys
have donated millions of dol-
lars to help Historically Black
Colleges and Universities-
including a $10 million pledge
to their alma mater, Shaw
University in Raleigh, North

r EMl


SUPPORTERS OF BLACK COLLEGES: Congressman Sanford Bishop (1-r); Larry E. Rivers, president of Fort Valley State Uni-
versity; attorney Willie Gary; and Representative Calvin Smyre, confer after the banquet.
versity; attorney Willie Gary; anct Representative Calvin Smyre, confer after the banquet.

Police say FAMU faculty was involved in hazing

continued from 1A
the March 100 band was in Or-
lando for a football game. Cham-
pion suffered from blunt trauma
while aboard a band bus and
died from shock due to severe
internal bleeding. His death is
being investigated as a homicide.
No arrests have been made.
Champion's death was just
one in a series of hazing events
involving the FAMU band.
Witnesses to the 2010 incident
told police that fraternity mem-
bers repeatedly slapped pledges
on the back or neck, known as
"prepping" and "necking." One
pledge, whose identity was not
disclosed in the report, told po-
lice his buttocks were bruised
because he also was paddled
with a thick piece of wood.
Officer Shane Porter lists Diron
Holloway, the band's director
of saxophones and Anthony Si-
mons, an assistant professor of
music, as suspects in his report.
"Through investigation it was
determined hazing did occur at
faculty member Diron Holloway's

residence," Porter wrote.
The anonymous victim told
Porter that about 14 pledges,
several fraternity members and
the two professors ate a spa-
ghetti dinner at Holloway's home
before the hazing began. He said
Holloway participated in the haz-
Asked if he participated in
prepping, Holloway told an inves-
tigator: "It's possible to say that I
did do something under the cir-
cumstances of all of them coming
in at once, maybe I did do some-
thing." However, Holloway denied
participating in padding and told
police it may have happened
"outside or in some garage area."
Asked why he didn't stop it,
Holloway said he did but added:
"I should have said 'Enough of
that, the party is over."'
State Attorney Willie Meggs'
office declined to prosecute be-
cause of uncertainty by the wit-
nesses over when the hazing
happened. There's only a two-
year statute of limitations for
misdemeanor hazing. It's three
years for felony hazing, but that
requires proof of great bodily

harm, which wasn't present in
this case.
Porter blamed the statute
of limitations problem on the
lengthy delay in getting the in-
vestigation started. Tallahassee
police found out about it only
through media reports on Jan.
20, two months after White had
notified campus police. A FAMU
police report indicates the mat-
ter was referred to city police
because the alleged hazing oc-
curred off campus, but Porter
wrote that he could find no re-
cord of the case being forwarded.
Other pledges, some now of-
ficers of the fraternity's FAMU
chapter, were reluctant to coop-
erate until they received subpoe-
As a result of Champion's
death, FAMU has suspended the
band, canceled a summer band
camp and stopped students from
joining campus groups during
the spring and summer semes-
ters. The university also is offer-
ing research grants on hazing
and has formed a fact-finding
committee of national experts to
look into the problem.

Fifth grader Walter Chester, III

takes language studies to Spain

While most kids spent spring break making waves at the local beach or visiting relatives, Wallace
Chester, III was studying Spanish in. Spain. The 11-year-old student of Ada Merritt K-8 Center
was one of 32 students who traveled to Madrid, Spain as a part of an International Studies (IS)
Program. Chester, who has been enrolled in the school's IS Program since second grade, traveled
to Madrid to study Spanish at Carmen Gonzalez School. In addition to their classroom studies, the
group visited museums, restaurants and other historical sites. The annual trip is organized by the
Spanish International Parents' Association (SIPA). Chester will continue his Advanced Spanish
studies in middle school next year.

Commemorating the 44th Anniversary of the Memphis

Sanitation Workers Strike and the Leadership of the

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Pride Day 2012

We remember with bittersweet pride the Memphis Sanitation

Workers' strike of 1968 and the life and leadership of the

great Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. While Dr. King holds a

place in the heart of Americans of all races and creeds, he

holds a special place in our hearts as he spent the last few

moments of his brilliant and all-too-short life standing in

support of 1,300 African-American sanitation workers from .

Memphis who simply wanted some of the things we take

for granted today: a safer workplace, equality of wages and

benefits, and the right to establish a union.

Thank you, Dr. King. Thank you, Memphis sanitation


The employees and management of the

Miami-Dade County Public Works and

Waste Management Department


A 8 THE MIAMI TIMES APRit 4-10, 2012


il. a\'kS \ISUi' CONI'ROI. IIEIR 0\\N DirsiN)

Are elderly being victimized by legal system?
n ta t gu __rrrer con-i __ -n _II f I l dl 0 1 L prlUr.1,, p

By Gregory W. Wright

South Florida families are find-
ing themselves in a raging war on
two distinct fronts. On one hand
they are trying to protect their el-
derly loved ones from the likes of
con artists looking to gain false
powers of attorney. On the other,
they are struggling against a court
system and legal guardianship
program that some say are not ad-
equately protecting the elderly for
whom they were designed.
Members of families in Miami-
Dade County are warning that
elderly citizens are the prize in a

no-holds barred brawl with mil-
lions of dollars of family estates
and inheritances going into the
wrong hands.
Emma Ladson, a long-time resi-
dent, has lived with her mother
for over 50 years in their home
in Liberty City. Her mother, now
nearly 89 years old and 11 years
suffering from dementia, was first,
in Ladson's opinion, coerced into
signing both a power of attorney,
and then a will to a distant rela-
tive effectively stealing the in-
heritance from both Ladson, the
next of kin and Ladson's daughter.
This Ladson said was done when
her mother was 86-years-old and

suffering from dementia.

Ladson says she she contacted
Florida's Department of Children
and Families Elderly Hotline [DCF]
five times but found little help.
"They did two incomplete inves-
tigations and closed both cases
immediately without taking my
evidence against the culprits," she
DCF did respond saying from
2009-2011, its Adult Protective
Services Unit reported a 22.6 per-
cent increase in the abuse cases
it investigates raging from abuse,

neglect and exploitation to sell-
But according to Lissette Valdes-
Valle of DCF, who is familiar with
the Ladson case, "Ms. Ladson's is-
sue is with the probate court, not
DCF. She and her attorney need
to go to the probate court with her
Since then, Ladson's mother has
been placed under court-appointed
guardianship. But Ladson found
that her problems were far from
over. Once a family member has
been declared a "ward" of the state
by a judge, the rights of that per-
son are restricted, as well as the
family's access to the person. Close
family ties are of no consequence.
In some cases, a complete strang-
er steps in and become a person's

guardian, furter confusing an
elderly person in the throes of Al-
zheimer's or other memory-deplet-
ing illnesses.
Without power of attorney
over her mother, Ladson and her
daughter are now being evicted
from their home, with both Lad-
son and her mother powerless to
stop it. She believes the guardian-
ship program, with its network of
attorneys and judges is failing the
people it was designed to aid.

Abuse in the guardianship pro-
gram is not a new issue. The late
Claude Pepper, Florida's famed
congressman and champion of

the rights oi the el uerlIy puroposeu
HR 1702 National Guardian-
ship Rights Act of 1989 to battle
abuses in the system.
Pepper wrote, "The typical
ward has fewer rights than the
typical convicted felon. By ap-
pointing a guardian, the court
entrusts to someone else the
power to choose where they will
live, what medical treatment
they will get, and in rare cases,
when they will die. It is in one
short sentence, the most puni-
tive civil penalty that can be lev-
ied against an American citizen,
with the exception, of course, of
the death penalty.
Pepper's bill, however, was de-
feated. No meaningful legislation
has been proposed since.

'World Bank to consider multiple candidates for presidency

By Annie Lowrey

WASHINGTON For the first
time, the World Bank is consider-
ing more than one candidate for its
five-year presidency a change
that reflects the fast-growing clout
of emerging economies, even as it
raises questions over whether that
change is coming quickly enough.
Experts say that victory is all but
assured for the American nomi-
nee, Jim Yong Kim, the president
of Dartmouth College and an ex-
pert in global health. But emerging
and developing economies are ral-
lying behind Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala,
the 57-year-old Nigerian finance
minister, and Jose Antonio Ocam-
po, the former Colombian finance
minister and high-ranking United
Nations official, who is 59.
The World Bank's 25-member
board will interview all three can-
didates in the coming weeks and
plans to announce its new presi-
dent by the I.M.F.-World Bank
meetings in mid-April. Robert B.
Zoellick, the current president, will
step down at the end of June.
Okonjo-Iweala and Mr. Ocampo
have won the endorsement of a
group of developing economies.
And the United States is weath-

cally chosen for their long resu-
mes and expertise in develop-
ment and international economic

* negotiation. African governments age Ms. Okonjo-Iweala to run; the
lobbied the Nigerian president, Group of 11 emerging economies
Goodluck Jonathan, to encour- pushed for Ocampo.

Military academy to open in Broward

By Cara Fitzpatrick

,- --. '

From left, Brendan Smialowski/AFP-Getty; Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters, David Mercado/Reuters
From left, Jim Yong Kim of Dartmouth College, expected to
head the bank; Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Nigeria's finance minister;
and Jos6 Antonio Ocampo, the former Colombian finance minister.

ering criticism for the time-hon-
ored gentlemen's agreement that
ensures its control of the World
Bank, even if the institution's
presidential selection process is
opening up.
"For all its virtues, this nomina-
tion and its predetermined success
reflects how global governance
continues to lag behind shifting
economic realities," said Eswar S.
Prasad, a professor at Cornell and
an expert on international institu-
tions. "Domestic politics has again
trumped true multilateralism."

Global health experts largely
applauded Dr. Kim's nomina-
tion, and he has scooped up
the endorsement of a number of
prominent commentators, like
the development economist Jef-
frey Sachs. Europe is expected
to back him in that the United
States supported the candidacy
of Christine Lagarde, the former
French finance minister, for man-
aging director of the International
Monetary Fund last year.
Okonjo-Iweala and Mr. Ocampo
were carefully vetted and specifi-

Broward County's first public
military academy is expected to
open in August on the campus of
Hollywood Hills High, Superinten-
dent Robert Runcie announced
It could be the first of four such
schools to open in the coming
years, as Runcie tries to create
more academic options for fami-
lies. He's also considering single-
sex education and technology-
based schools.
The academy, called the Hol-
lywood Hills High School Military
Academy, will accept up to 400
ninth-graders in its first year.
Students will study in a 36-class-
room building on campus, which
can accommodate up to 900 stu-
School officials said it will offer
students "unparalleled experienc-
es" and a blend of rigorous aca-

; ,

,, .. . ,.* "

Broward schools Superintendent
demics, leadership and discipline.
The School Board hasn't formally
approved the proposal yet.
To be considered for the mag-
net program, students must live
south of Sunrise Boulevard and
complete an application and in-

terview. They must have a mini-
mum 2.0 grade point average and
score on grade level on the math
and reading portions of the FCAT.
That's a Level 3 out of 5.
A lottery will be used if there
are more applicants than open
Applications should be avail-
able next week in the innovative
programs department, school
officials said. For more informa-
tion, parents can call this hotline:
Runcie, who made the an-
nouncement at a press confer-
ence Thursday, said he chose
Hollywood Hills High because of
its central location and underen-
The school, which earned a C
from the state last year, enrolled
about 1,700 students this year.
That's down from last year's
1,855 and less than the 2,216
students it can hold.

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Are elderly being victimized by legal system?




Wilson takes lead in Miami's rally for Trayvon

continued from 1A

victim has outraged a lot of
people. Add race to this ex-
plosive mixture, and the case
propelled civil rights activists
into the front ranks of protest-
Over the weekend, when
thousands of demonstrators
marched through Sanford
demanding Zimmerman's ar-
rest, they were led by the "Big
Three" of this nation's aging
civil rights movement. Walk-
ing behind a blue and yellow
"Justice for Trayvon" banner
were NAACP President Ben
Jealous, the Rev. Jesse Jack-
son, leader of the Rainbow/
PUSH Coalition, and the Rev.

Al Sharpton, head of the Na-
tional Action Network.
Unlike the old days of the
movement that transformed
America, they were riding the
waves of this protest, rather
than creating them. That's not
an indictment of these men,
but rather an acknowledg-
ment of their ability to take
control of a movement creat-
ed largely by social media. As
a result, the campaign to get
Martin's killer arrested and
tried on murder charges has
brought about an interesting
fusion of the old and the new.

The "new" movements are
in cyberspace, causes such as
the Kony 2012 video, to which

Rally for Treyvon

Millennials easily connect.
The old are the on-the-ground
movements such as the 1963

March on Washington that
were attended largely by the
so-called Silent Generation,

which was anything but silent
about such issues.
The mishandling of the initial
police investigation of Martin's
death and the quick recog-
nition by civil rights leaders
that they could use this trag-
edy to regain the center stage
of social protest in America -
has bridged the gap between
old street protesters and the
new Internet activists. The
immediate effects of this will
likely result in Zimmerman's
arrest and trial.
The long-term impact might
well be a partnership between
the organizations that Sharp-
ton, Jackson and Jealous lead
and those of the less orga-
nized but far more numerous
Generation Xers, who have

already used Facebook, Twit-
ter and blogs to express out-
rage nationwide over Martin's
In Amusing Ourselves to
Death, Neil Postman said of
the prophesies of futurists
George Orwell and Aldous
Huxley: "Orwell warns that
we will be overcome by an
externally imposed oppres-
sion." But Huxley worried that
"people will come to love their
oppression (and) to adore the
technologies that undo their
capacities to think."
What the broad, cross-gen-
erational response to the death
of Martin suggests about so-
cial struggle in this country is
that its future might be even
better than its past.

p .

Wilson takes lead in Miami rally for Trayvon

Wilson takes lead in Miami rally for Trayvon

continued from 1A

London, England and all points
in between. Most recently here
in Florida, hundreds gathered
in Sanford, the site of Martin's
murder, Little Haiti, Miramar
and last Sunday, in downtown
Miami in a filled-to-capacity
Bayfront Park pavilion.
Many believe that the un-
armed youth, shot by a maraud-
ing neighborhood watch cap-
tain, George- Zimmerman, was
a victim of racial profiling. But
the case also points to the loop-
holes and inherent vagueness
that are part of Florida's "Stand
Your Ground" law. Congress-
woman Frederica Wilson, along
with City Commissioner Michelle
Spence-Jones, were two leaders
among many that organized the
Sunday rally and called on col-
leagues and community leaders
for their participation. But it was
the words of the grieving par-
ents, who were joined by their
older son and other family mem-
bers, that spoke to the solemnity
and significance of the event.

"It means so much to us to see
you so many of you here," she
said. "People ask me how I can
stand here so calmly while my
son lies in his grave. I tell them
that it is God. God gives me the
strength to go on every day."
Tracy Martin, the father of
Trayvon, echoed her remarks.
"We've gotten wonderful sup-
port from all across the U.S.
but there is no place like home,"
he said. "The hometown love is
what we have needed and it's
your support that will help us
continue in our quest for justice
for our son. We won't stop I
won't stop.
Attorney Ben Crump, who
leads a team of Black lawyers
representing Trayvon's parents,
pointed out how that this is not
an isolated case in America.
"Tracy is your son too and this
case shows us that it could hap-
pen to any of us or our sons," he
said. "It's been over 35 days and
we are still waiting for simple

justice. We must escalate the
conversation in America. Blacks
must be prepared to move be-
yond simply standing our
ground to sharing the ground."
Fulton added that while she
never chose this ending for her
son, she believes it will bring
monumental change.
"I can't help but believe that
God has His hands in all of this,"
she said. "For some reason that
I have yet to understand, my son
was chosen for this mission and
gave his life so that others would
not face the same kind of injus-
tice and prejudice."

Miaya Blackman, 10, traveled
with her mother to Sanford last
weekend and was also at the ral-
ly in Miami. She said she wanted
to do something for Trayvon.
"Racism is still a problem in
our country but it shouldn't
be," she said. "What happened
to Trayvon could happen to oth-
ers like me. I want to help bring
justice to our community."
Members of the Carol City
and Norland senior high schools
marching band and auxiliaries
numbered close to 100. They
were vocal about why they were
"We have seen too many in-
stances where Blacks did not
receive justice at the hands of
white racists but we are here to
say we have had enough," said
Jaleel Johnson, 17.
"Justice must be served and
we should have the right to wear
a hoodie or whatever else we
want," said Koron Baker, 17.

Often times in cases like this,
it is the backing of celebrities
or nationally-known people of
prominence that are able to
bring about real change. And
Sunday's rally was no excep-
tion as many brought both their
checkbooks and their voices to
push for the arrest of George
Zimmerman. Sports greats
like Isaiah Thomas and Alonzo
Mourning, who was joined by his

wife, Tracy and their 16-year-old
son, all repeated the phrase, "I
am Trayvon Martin" donning
their own hoodies, as a sign of
Singer Chaka Khan said she
is mobilizing other entertainers
to give their assistance to the
family of Trayvon Martin. She
was joined by actress Jo Marie
Payton and singer Betty Wright,
both natives of Miami-Dade
"The message that we see is
how fear can kill and how only
love can heal," Chaka Khan said.
County Commissioner Barba-
ra Jordan spoke on behalf of her
colleagues, Commissioners Au-
drey Edmonson and Jean Mon-
"The actions that transpired
in Sanford remind me of the
way life was for Blacks in the
50s and 60s," she said. "Why is
it that a bag of Skittles and an
iced tea was enough for one man
to kill an innocent boy? We have
to remain steadfast today and
we are pleading with the special
prosecutor, Angela Corey, to get
justice for Trayvon Martin."
Black elected officials were out
in force, some speaking on stage,
others quietly raising their fists
in support the list is too long
to include every name. But re-
marks from the Rev. Jamal Har-
rison Bryant, 40, pastor of Em-
powerment Temple AME Church
in Baltimore, and the Rev. Al
Sharpton summed up the feel-
ings of the many who attended.
"When the family is in trou-
ble, schedules ar6 canceled,"
Sharpton said. "We are against
all forms of justice that's why
I was here before standing up
against gang-bangers in Miami
Gardens. Why hasn't Zimmer-
man been arrested? Officials say
they need more evidence. We
say, go to the tape [911]."
"'Stand Your Ground' is a
law that must be reviewed, re-
vamped and possibly repealed
because it is part of a crooked
justice system," Bryant said.
"Florida may have let Casey An-
thony go, but they better not let
George Zimmerman walk free.
There will be no rest without an

Cissy Houston remembers Whitney

continued from 1A

Cissy Houston, 78, a gospel sing-
ing music legend in her own right,
sat down for an interview with lo-
cal northern New Jersey television
station WWOR to discuss her only
daughter's life and death.
"I know I did the best I could ...
I don't blame myself," she said.
"I know I did the best I could for
everything. My children are my
whole life. She was very special to
me, very special. She was my only
daughter and a good one."
Speaking of her daughter's fi-
nal days and the aftermath, Cissy

Houston said that media misinfor-
mation led to people from her past
thinking they know what had ulti-
mately happened to the pop star.
"The media are awful," she said.
"People have. come from here and
there and don't know what they're
talking about. People I haven't seen
in 20 years here they come. "But
God has His way of taking care of
all of it and I'm glad I know that."
She also insists that her daugh-
ter, who sold more than 200 million
albums and singles and had 11 No.
1 songs in her career, did not die
broke, contrary to published re-
In the end, the coroner deter-

mined Houston, 48, drowned in a
bathtub inside the Beverly Hilton
shortly after using cocaine Feb
11th. Heart disease was apparently
a contributing factor in her death.
After her 2010 "Nothing but
Love" tour grossed a reported $36
million, the star was attempting to
mount a film comeback with the
upcoming film "Sparkle." The film
is set for an August release and
trailers for the film debuted on
"I'm very proud of my daughter,"
Cissy Houston added. "She accom-
plished a whole lot in the short
time that she had here. She was
a very wonderful person."

What is the future of "Stand Your Ground?"

continued from 1A

Braynon says what surprises
him most is why it has taken
state legislators so long to realize
the problems and complications
associated with the law.
"This law was passed rather
easily in 2005, but justifiable
homicide was already covered
under several other different
laws," he said. "But this case
with George Zimmerman and
Trayvon Martin is so glaring -
maybe it takes a bolt of lightning
to wake us up. At the very least,
we need a more objective investi-
gation to take place."
State Senator Gary Siplin, 57,
has joined Braynon.in his efforts.
Both were part of press confer-,
ence held a few days ago where
they announced their plans.
"Blacks have been suffering
for years in Sanford and many
have gotten a raw deal," Siplin

. said. "They have not gotten the
memo. Some would say there
is an attitude that lends itself
to prejudice against Blacks and
therefore encourages racial pro-
filing. Before pointing fingers
and making accusations, I be-
lieve we need a holistic plan that
will get to the bottom of the is-
sues, lack of resources and in-
frastructures that are currently
in place in Sanford."
The Orlando-based Siplin
plans to take a team of both
Democrats and Republicans to
Sanford within the next 30 days.
"I want to make sure there is
justice in the case of Trayvon
Martin, but it's also impera-
tive that those Blacks that have
been living on the plantation are
finally freed," he said. "It's about
housing, jobs, economic devel-
opment and health care. Since
all of this blew up, I am hear-
ing more and more troubling
reports. Blacks are telling me

that they are often forced to let
officials search their cars with-
out probable cause; many have
been fingerprinted for no reason
at all. Most say they are willing
to do whatever whites tell them
because they fear being impris-
oned and then unable to post
bond. We have to bring some
swift changes to'Florida and to
Siplin is also requesting that
members of the Grand Jury be
selected from outside of San-
In a memo to State Attorney
Angela Corey, he writes, "I im-
plore you.., to do what is right
in the eyes of the citizens of San-
ford by impaneling an unpreju-
diced Grand Jury in the inves-
tigation of this tragic death, or
as within your authority, make
a decision as to whether there is
legal basis to arrest and charge
Mr. Zimmerman of a crime as
regards to Trayvon Martin."

Parents must get involved in kids' studies

continued from 1A

of 2011 seniors (72,685) taking
at least one AP exam during their
high school career, exceeded the
national average of 30.2 per-
cent. What's more, Florida came
in sixth in the U.S. in the per-
cent of graduates earning a 3 or
higher on an AP exam with 23.9
percent of last year's 36,678
graduates versus the national
average of 18.1 percent.
Florida's Commissioner of
Education, Gerald Robinson,
45, says he is optimistic about
the future of the state's public
school students but believes
that it's wrong to equate the
performance on standardized
tests with intelligence.
"The SAT and FCAT are not
intelligence tests but many of
our children seem to believe
that if they don't do well then
that means they aren't smart,"
he said. "The fact is there are
many cultural norms that in-
fluence our youth some un-
derstand that there are benefits
to doing well on tests and have
been taught solid test-taking
strategies. But many more have
Does he agree with critics who
say that standardized tests are

"I differentiate racial bias from
cultural bias," he said. "It's easy
to say that because Blacks and
Hispanics don't do as well on
certain tests as whites, that
the tests are racially biased but
some Blacks and whites are do-
ing well. What educators and
parents must do is give students
the kinds of tools that will help
them perform better the Ka-
plan Test Prep or the Princeton
Review are two examples. Test
scores are just one way of as-
sessing the progress of students
but I'll admit they play a larger
role than they did years ago.
But that's because students
now compete on a national lev-
el, not just on a local level. Still,
as we have raised the minimum
scores for reading and math-
ematics so that our state is bet-
ter aligned with national stan-
dards something that hadn't
been done in 10 years we still
have our teachers, superinten-
dents and local leaders weigh-
in on whether we're making the
right decisions."

Robinson recalls his own
childhood and emphasizes that
he struggled on exams and was

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~ r1ature

p" Deadline: Tuesday, May 6
Fill out the grid, bring or mail it to:
The Miami Times
900 NW 54th St., Miami, FL 33127
or FAX to 305-694-6211
or call 305-694-6210

Dai- ______

not expected to go to college.
But he worked hard and looked
for help.
"My parents were not college-
educated and I was not consid-
ered very bright but I had my
dreams and some great teach-
ers pushing me along," he said.
"Florida's focus is now on read-
ing and the legislature has ap-
proved an additional $1 billion
dollars for elementary educa-
tion. That's where it all begins
- in the early years of learn-
ing. There is a proven correla-
tion between not being able to
read, particularly once a child
reaches the eighth grade and
going to prison. Data shows
us that 75 percent of those in
prison have ti-ouble reading and
very few people that are incar-
cerated have college degrees.
Even fewer finished high school.
We must provide more adequate
resources for students and help
parents understand what's at
stake. Perhaps local organiza-
tions like the Urban League,
100 Black Men or the Greek
Panhellenic Council, or even
the Black media could help us.
Even the Black church. We are
in the midst of major educa-
tional reform we cannot allow
Black children to fall any fur-
ther behind."


F p n I- IItI i Im ybi liit ed
LI 13119 1l11.Tnii

For multiple entries form may be duplicated

:. :: ... . ... .... ., ,

.. "
-. %S



Teens empowered to overcome abuse

Program participants Krystal Rodriguez (1-r), 19 and Tamaria Grace age 18

County sponsors
Thirty young women gathered
/ for a special ceremony mark-
ing a milestone in their lives af-
ter having completed a 13-week
I program designed to give them
the skills .to identify and avoid
abusive relationships. The cer-
emony was a collaborative effort
between Miami-Dade Commu-
nity Action and Human Services
Department (CAHSD) and the
Miami-Biscayne Bay Chapter
'* of The Links organization. The
young women all attend the
COPE North School and partici-
pated in the "Expect Respect"
Program that is provided as part
of the CAHSD's Violence Inter-
vention and Prevention Services.
It is designed to instruct teens on
the dynamics of a healthy rela-
tionship and the warning signs
of dating and sexual violence.
The Expect Respect Program
engages teens in building healthy
relationships and preventing dat-

"Expect Respect"for teenaged girls
ing and sexual violence through only make a difference in her
school-based support groups life, but it will also make a dif-
and counseling and is funded ference in the life of her son
through the Florida Coalition as she now understands that
Against Domestic Violence. she should expect to be treated
Oscie Fryer with the Safe Space with respect and will teach that
Program said, "It is important for to her son.
our teens to understand the im- Another participant, Kristal
portance of being in a healthy re- Rodriguez said, "The program
lationship, and that is what they had a positive impact on my
receive through this program." life because I am stronger and
Tamaria Grace one of the par- more confident about myself."
ticipants in the program shared According to the Florida De-
why the course was especially apartment of Law Enforcement
beneficial to her. there were over 10,000 cases of
"I thought that it was OK for domestic violence reported in
boys to hit me, I grew up seeing Miami-Dade County in 2010.
my mother go through that, and The goal of the Expect Respect
so I thought that it was a good Program is to reduce this num-
thing," she said. "Now I know ber significantly by providing
that it is not and I can say 'No'," intervention and support ser-
she said. vices to teens that will prevent
As the mother of a young them from becoming the vic-
boy, she says that what she tims or perpetrators of sexual
learned through her partici- or violent crimes. For-more in-
pation in the program will not formation, call 305-514-6000.

FMU students shine at Model

United Nations competition

ida Memorial University
(FMU) students brought
home the gold during the
31st annual Bethune-Cook-
man University Model Unit-
ed Nations Conference. This
year's theme was Ensur-
ing Advancements in Hu-
man Rights, Technology and
Peace and Security. Model
United Nations (MUN) is an
academic simulation that
aims to educate participants
about current events, topics
in international relations, di-
plomacy and the United Na-
tions agenda. Julian Coakley
won Best Delegate for Swit-
zerland; Danielle Terrelonge
won Best Delegate for Saudi
Arabia; and the Saudi Ara-
bia delegation won Best Del-
egation. Winning half of the

Local schools

continued from 1A

collaborate and plan lessons to-
gether and used data assessments
to determine in what areas stu-
dents needed the greatest assis-
tance, according to Ortiz.

To be removed from intervene
status, schools had to meet state-
mandated requirements including
educator quality, school improve-
ment planning, curriculum align-
ment and monitoring processes
and plans.
In Liberty City, Holmes Elemen-
tary School, which has a student
population that is 98 percent
Black, has been working to in-
crease its academic performance.
For the past three years they re-
ceived a letter grade of "C," accord-
ing to Principal Atunya Walker.
"But in previous years, Holmes
was an 'F' school with low results
in reading and math that trig-
gered it being labeled an intervene
school," she said.
Her plan was to focus on using
assessment data as well as refin-
ing, various teaching methods. And
while they have made academic
progress, she credits part of their
removal from intervene status to
the changirig political climate.
"There were a lot of meetings in
Tallahassee and a lot of pressure
from people who really knew what
they were talking about I think
they made the Legislative realize
that schools that had been making
academic progress had still been
labeled for intervene status and it
wasn't fair," she said.
Miami-Dade County School
Board member Dr. Dorothy Ben-
dross-Mindingall has carefully
monitored each school's progress"
and has lent a hand to assist them.
"I passed a policy item that in-
volved the community in develop-
ing school improvement plans,
made the school improvement
grant's three-year plan more user-
friendly and provided monthly re-
ports on the progression of those
plans that we then discussed at
school board meetings," she said.
However, the District 2 school
board member also noted that
parents remain the key to helping

available awards, FMU's two
student delegations bested
teams from Stetson Uni-
versity, Bethune-Cookman
University, Savannah State
University and other institu-
"The environment was very
competitive; we had previous
best delegate wins but we
never took two delegations to
the competition," said Olivia
Jackson, Ph.D., Model UN
advisor and political science
and international relations
professor. "I am impressed
that our students defeated
others teams that featured
students from school that are
noted for training lawyers."
To capture the roles of
representatives of different
countries, students conduct
research on that country's

culture, economy, and stra-
tegic goals as well as relevant
regional and global issues.
During sessions, students
discuss, debate and work to-
gether to find solutions.
"The experience was very
challenging because we were
not given the specific details,
only a theme," said Danielle
Terrelong, senior political
science and public adminis-
tration student. "To prepare,
we did a lot of research. But,
we had to perform extempo-
Team members included:
Saudi Arabia delegation,
Danielle Terrelonge, Jar-
lens Princilis and Thandika
Thompson; and Switzerland
delegation: Julian Coakley,
Fenel Etienne, Marcos Gon-
zalez and Jamielle Whittaker.

strive for academic success
students reach academic success. become a district-managed turn
"As a life-long educator, I have around school; the principal will
learned that there is nothing bet- be removed as well as a good -
ter for a student than an involved number of faculty members,"
parent," she said. "In addition, I said Nikolai Vitti, director of the
would like to see our students in- education transformation office
volved in a broader range of activi- for Miami-Dade County Public
ties, i.e. music and art [since] tests Schools [M-DCPS].
can limit what our creative teach- To remain in good stand-
ers can do to provide opportunities ing and off intervene sta-
for our children to become well- tus, "schools cannot be an 'F'
rounded and productive citizens." school."
Currently, the only M-DCPS
OTHER SCHOOLS STILL MUST school that is still labeled un-
PASS THE TEST der intervene status is Laura C.
If a school is unable to im- Sanders Elementary School in
prove its grades, then "it will Homestead.




"Head Start made it possible for
me to return to school knowing ,. ._ -
that my daughter is in safe
environment where the teachers .
care about her."
-Edwine Cherubin. -.
Head Start rent. *

The Head Start/Early Head Start Program is a FREE early childhood
education program that puts children and families first. Enroll your
child today and give them the head start they will need.


Community Action and Human Services Department
(786) 469-4622
or visit us on the web at

VICTORIOUS: FM U's Model UN team members: Thandika Thompson (front, I-r),Julian Coakley
and Jamielle Whittaker); and Danielle Terrelonge (back, I-r), Marcos Gonzalez, Fenel Etienne and
Jarlens Princilis.

A4 t"".

(y i. .

Upper Level VIP Seats @ $1000 per seat

"Take Your Seat" and enjoy having your name,
or the name of the person you wish to honor,
Inscribed on a plaque mounted on an elegant
auditorium seat. A Lyric Theater name plaque
makes an excellent gift and Is an indelible trib-
ute to a family member or loved one. Your
plaque will let other patrons know that you have
supported the renovation, expansion, and
grand opening of The Black Archives Research
Foundation Historic Lyric Theater Welcome
Center Complex. You will ensure the future of
this historic theater and play a part in enhanc-
ing our community's way of life. Your donation
is tax deductible as permitted by law.
For more information please call 305.636.2390 or
visit us on the web a www.theblackarchives.org.
You can "rake Your Seats!" by sending a check or
money order made payable to:
The Black Archives
5400 NW 22nd Avenue Bldg C, Ste 101
Miami, FL 33142
Memo section: Take Your Scat!

ale fIliami Tiines6

I Seat Sponbrv

Orchestra Seats ,' S750 per seat

t .S ';l .i s ors:

Grand Stage Seats ii S500 per seat

2 Seat Sponsors:

I Scat Sponlsors:

9Od&zi %CSA ,9O .g. G

Grand Stlige Wall Seaits ( S350 per seat

I Scat Sj),'I,,II; N:

M r We Thank You For Your Support!!



By Kaila Heard

Merely remembering the horrors that Christ ex-
perienced leading up to and during his crucifix-
ion can serve as a lesson, especially for Blacks,
according to the Reverend Eddie Lake of Greater
Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church.
"It is the fact that Christ had to endure physi-
cal torment to the point where he was weakened
not just physically but emotionally, yet he was still
able to compete his task and extend forgiveness o
those who were abusing him really sets the tone
for those who would worship him later to live that
kind of life," Lake explained. "In the Black experi-
ence, we've seen these sort of martyrs before from
slavery times to the Jim Crow era. A lot of [our
ancestors'] strength came from understanding all
that Jesus did."
Many denominations choose to remember the
seven last sentences of Jesus Christ as he hung
dying on a crucifix. Each sentence provides a les-
son in itself. We spoke with various local minis-
ters to get their insight into the meaning of each

1. Father, forgive them; for they do not know
what they are doing." Luke 23:34
Among the most famous of the "Seven Last
Words," this quote is actually Jesus Christ ask-
ing for his enemies to be pardoned, according to
Reverend Eric Readon of New Beginning Baptist
"Jesus was actually saying was that even
though his enemies were persecuting the Savior,
they thought they were really persecuting a man.
Please turn to WORDS 14B

SFather, forgive them;
for they do not know what they are doing.
Luke 23:34

Truly I tell you, today you
will be with me in paradise.
Luke 23:43

Woman, here is your son...
Here is your mother
John 19:26

Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?
(My God, My God, why have
you forsaken me?)
Mark 15:34

It is finished
John 19:30

Father, into
your hands
2 commend
my spirit
Luke 23-46

I am thirsty
John 19:28


to destroy my life ever since," he
Once he managed to get away
from Chicago, which has more
than its shard of gang life, street
violence and community neglect,
Caldwell was determined never to
return. This was a decision that
left him homeless in Miami Gar-
dens at one point.
But, "going back to Chicago
was like returning to Vietnam,
if I went back I knew I wouldn't
last long," he explained. "And I'm
the first and only success story
among my siblings, so I had to
stay here."
Caldwell managed to stay but
continued his dangerous involve-
ment with various criminal ven-
tures. He knew his lifestyle was
wrong but it wasn't until several
years later that he "received an
epiphany that he had to go to

Seeking help from religion was
not a foreign concept to Caldwell
Please turn to CALDWELL 14B

your futur
By Kaila Heard

At first glance, Reverend Ste-
ven Caldwell's resume appears
as if it could belong to two differ-
ent men. One list of accomplish-
ments would describe a Chicago-
born son, whose intelligence and
athleticism allowed him to go to
college on a baseball scholarship
- the first in his family to gradu-
ate from high school. He would
would earn a degree from Florida
Memorial University and join a
prestigious Back fraternity. How-
ever, his alternate resume would
describe a young man who was
frequently chastised for fighting,
who later went on to do mari-
juana and cocaine, sell drugs
a n d even join a ring of credit
S.' cards thieves.
But the married 45-
year old Caldwell real-
izes that the two
men are one in the
'"God had his hand
*^ ..i niy life as a child and
the devil has been trying

what the Bible says is about giving to
our church or charities," he explained.
But, "there are passages about work-
ing, saving, lending and co-signing."
Elizabeth Brickman, a Miami Lakes-
based financial advisor who has taken
the Kingdom Advisors course, believes
that the connection to Scripture and fi-
nances is fundamental to living.
"Every financial decision is a spiri-
tual decision, whether we know it or
acknowledge it or not," she said. "If
you show me someone's check book, I
will know a lot about their knowledge
of spiritual laws."
In spite of the numerous scriptural
references to money matters, Daun-
hauer says that there are five basic,
Biblical principles regarding money
management: 1) Spend less than you
earn; 2) Minimize the amount of debt
you have; 3) Have an emergency cash
fund; and 4) Use a long-term perspec-
tive to plan ahead for your financial

For the final principle, Daunhauer
draws inspiration from First Chroni-
cles 29: 11-12.
"Number five is probably the best
one and the scripture is pretty clear
that God owns it all," he said. "We're
not owners, we're just managers [of the
money] while we're here for this time
on Earth."
Brickman agrees that individuals
should understand that they merely
manage money in their possession and
do not actually own it.
"The good news is that God wants us
to prosper," she explained. "The Bible
does not endorse [or condemn] any one
particular lifestyle or tell us that we
must live in a certain priced home or a
certain priced car."
To simplify the principles even fur-
ther, Daunhauer recites a quote from
Money and Marriage God's Way: "Debt
Please turn to MONEY 14B

By Kaila Heard

Traditional wisdom says that hope,
understanding, salvation, peace and
even joy can often be found by study-
ing the Bible. The scripture has been
recommend as the pathway to an anti-
dote for seemingly crushing life situa-
tions and burdens. However, the Good
Book is called upon much less often
when it comes to financial matters.
And that's unfortunate since by some
estimates there are over 2,300 refer-
ences to money management in the
Bible, according to Chris Daunhauer,
a Jacksonville certified financial plan-
ner. Daunhauer is also a member of
the Kingdom Advisors, an organization
which trains financial professionals to
consolidate Biblical wisdom and prin-
ciples with their money management
"People primarily think that most of

Faith community revisits

the Seven Last Words

How to forgive your

past and embrace





H.E.R. Concert for Congo

MDC students raise money for rape victims

Miami-Dade College (MDC)
students joined forces with
the international non-profit
HEAL Africa to present H.E.R.
Concert for Congo, an event
that raised awareness and
funds to heal, empower and
a s 1

. . .. ... "u "

rebuild lives in the Democratic
Republic of Congo (DRC). This
event was on Friday, March
30th at the college's Kendall
Campus, Fred Shaw Memorial
H.E.R. Concert for Congo is

SI -


Group of students from the North Campus led by Mark
Overton (president of Students Aiding International Develop-
ment on North Campus).They entertained the crowd by danc-
ing in front of the stage and taking photos with the public.

Christian rap group Authentik performed to raise awareness about the physical and sexual
abuses occurring in the Congo at a recent concert at Miami Dade College's Kendall campus.
an initiative of MDC's Stu-
dents Aiding International .. S ,.
Development ISAIDI. a college- '... ^... "
wide. student-run oraniza- .', y ..
Lion that tean-s Lip with inter- .
national partners on specific -'- .
proIect- to raise aq .arenes, -- "
about harsh and deplorable .
suffering in underdeveloped "
nations and to impro e those '

-. .r -".



The Brownsville Assembly of God in Pensacola was once the destination for millions of re-
vival worshippers in the 1990s.

'Brownsville Revival' church

struggles to survive

At its height, BAOG's sanctuary could

draw up to 5,500 worshippers a night

By Jay Reeves

For years starting in the mid-
1990s, millions from around
the globe visited a humble
church in Florida's Panhandle
for lively Pentecostal revival
services where believers flocked
on stage to be healed by God for
cancer, addiction and broken
At its height, the "Brownsville
Revival" drew as many as 5,500
people a night for six years -
estimates put the total between
2.5 million and 4.5 million peo-
ple. Donations poured in as the
Brownsville Assembly of God
added staff, built a massive new
sanctuary and opened a school
for preachers.
In the decade after being the
home of the largest Pentecostal
outpouring in U.S. history, the
church has been on the edge
of financial ruin. It racked up
$11.5 million in debt, to be paid
after the out-of-town throngs
and its former pastor moved on.
The red ink is mostly un-
known outside the congrega-
"Every Monday I find out

what the (Sunday) offering was
and we decide what we can pay
this week," said the Rev. Evon
Horton, Brownsville's current
pastor. "The good news is last
week we paid our mortgage. The
bad news is it drained our bank
The paid staff is down to six
from around 50, and the news-
letter is printed monthly in-
stead of weekly. About 800 to
1,000 worshippers total attend
two Sunday services, but most
pews go empty in the 2,200-
seat sanctuary. Another 2,600-
seat sanctuary built just for the
revival is used for a gym, com-
munity classes and storage. The
church has trimmed millions
off its debt by selling property
and slashing expenses, and it's
raising money to pay off the re-
maining $6.5 million.
A lot has changed since the
revival's beginning on Father's
Day 1995. Ken Griffin, who first
came to the church 36 years
ago as a surfer and is now a
board member, still marvels
at what happened that day.
Kilpatrick brought in visiting
evangelist Steve Hill and some-

thing stirred.
Word spread of people being
miraculously healed and con-
verted, and revival services were
soon held four and five nights
a week. People waited in long
lines to get inside the church,
located in one of the poorest
neighborhoods in Pensacola, a
Gulf Coast city known for train-
ing naval aviators.
The church began buying up
nearby houses and razing them
for parking, Horton said. It took
in millions in donations and
revenue from items like music
CDs, but the church used mort-
gages to expand rather than
The problems at Brownsville
look familiar to Howard Snyder,
a professor at Tyndale Seminary
in Toronto who has studied re-
vivals. When the dust settles af-
ter a spirited revival, churches
can be left with divisions and no
long-term plan.
"Revivals may produce rapid
growth," he wrote in an email.
"But new converts or adher-
ents need teaching, discipline,
spiritual formation over time,
and often the church's leader-
ship fails to understand this
and provide for it. So very eas-
ily, 'what goes up comes back

84-yr-old gospel singer Rowena

Smith causes Youtube sensation

By Patty Stohlman

Rowena Smith, 84, a gospel
singer from St. Rose, makes
joyful sounds unto the Lord.
She is quick to say her singing
is a gift, and "It all belongs to
the Lord."
Smith's tiny home is full of
accolades, awards from every-
one from former mayors of New
Orleans and the New Orleans
City Council, to various church
organizations, churches and
musicians to politicians and
her many friends who, she says,
also are her gifts from the Lord.
Smith recently became a bit
of a YouTube sensation and
didn't even know it. A record-
ing of Smith singing, "To God
Be the Glory!" has received
more than 1.3 million hits on
YouTube. When someone told
her they saw her on YouTube,
she replied, "You what?" Smith
doesn't own a computer, so her

For on
grandma, sist

, A


nephew burned her a C
of the YouTube record
her rendition at a New
Her roots in gospel
began at the age of 5, sl
when she started singi
church her mother took
When she was a teenaE

ily $65, you cW let Mom and the world know
much yog.u respect and appreciate her!
u may nd Mothers Day greetings to your
ter, o fr, aunt ... anyone who's like a mother to you
r to bring in your color photograph.

-_______ ________ Apr _
SSiate __ Zip
: p Evening
*.d prior to putIca.on.

.ed Check .i Arni $
jU l',IS I1 MasterCard
Exp Dale

Deadline: Tuesday, May 6
Fill out the grid. bring or mail it to:
The Miami Timunes
900 NW 54th St., Miami, FL 33127
or FAX to 305-694-6211
or call 305-694-6210

^*V- .
:, ... ,


DD copy was asked to sing at nightclubs
ding of in St. Rose. But, Smith said,
Orleans that wasn't something she was
not going to feel comfortable do-
singing ing, so she didn't.
he said, "There used to be this night-
ng in a club in St. Rose ...." Smith re-
; her to. called. "And they asked me to
ger, she Please turn to SMITH 14B


T'I III [1111 IU
I I 1 I I. I I 1 .1 _II.-1
_.1 I _1 I 1 'l I .I l .[ I._:17
|1 | | I|i [' ..i

conditions. Established in
2009, SAID's first event, the
All-Nighter for Haiti, raised
thousands of dollars to build
tilapia farms in Haiti.
In 2010, Senior United Na-
tions Official Margot Wall-
strom called the DRC "the
rape capital of the world."
Mass rape continues to be
used as a weapon of war by
militia groups and national
forces. For many years, con-
flict and violence have been
the way of life, mainly over
interests in the country's
abundant mineral resources,
such as cobalt, diamonds,
gold, copper, and the world's
largest supply of coltan, which
is used to make electronic
components in computers and
cell phones.
SAID hoped to raise at least
$20,000 in donations to sup-
port the construction of a safe
house for rape victims in the
DRC, where they can receive
medical care, counseling and
learn life skills and vocational
training to get on their feet.
"Eighty percent of the
world's rape happens in
Congo. We want to raise
awareness about the situa-
tion there, and carry out the
vi ion that %\as started with
this organization since the
beginning." said Ermily Domin-
guez. president of SAID for the
Kendall Campus.
H.E R Concert for Conego
music by three major local
bands Cris. Cab. Jahfe and
Jacob Jeffenes. in adduon,.
there were art and dance
performances' throughout the
night. Student clubs, as well
as food and craft vendors. set
up tent-s





A"nM (hC~fYrip L

The Coconut Grove
Ministerial Alliance will con-
duct a "Carrying of the Cross"
on Good Friday, April 6th. The
march will begin at 10 a.m.
For more information, please
call 305-441-2031.

Anastasia Temple is
hosting an annual Easter Ex-
travaganza on April 8th, 9:15
a.m. 1 p.m. and a Feed the
Homeless community service
activity on April 29th, 9:15
a.m. 1 p.m. For more infor-
mation, please call 954-580-
3240 or visit www.anastasi-

New Corinth welcomes
everyone to their pastor's
40th anniversary celebration
event on April 22nd'which will
be held all day long! For more
information, please call 786-

New Mt. Sinai, True
Faith and Salem Mission-
ary Baptist Churches are
hosting a sunrise service on

April 8th at 6 a.m.

The Florida Memorial
University Campus Min-
istry is inviting everyone to
worship with them during
their Lecture & Arts Series for
Enrichment in Religion (LA-
SER), a weekly community
worship experience on April
27th at 11 a.m.

The Family Christian
Association of America in-
vites golfers to their 12th an-
nual Faith Keepers Golf Tour-
nament on April 28th. For
more information, please call

The McIntyre Institute
presents the Called to Dance:
Forgive and Live Today cam-
paign, a liturgical dance con-
cert on May 12th at 7 p.m. For
more information, call 954-

N The members from A Mis-
sion With A New Beginning
Church will be sponsoring

continued from 12B

In other words, he was saying
that they were doing it out of ig-
norance. So even when Jesus
was asking for forgiveness, he
was portraying for us [future
Christians] that even when
enemies wrong us, we can't
try to handle it ourselves, but
we should let God handle it."

2. "Truly, I tell you today
you will be with me in para-
dise." Luke 23:43
That quote was Jesus tell-
ing the thief who believed in
Christ's innocence that he
was now saved and would go
on to Heaven, according to
Reverend Yvonne Strachan,
an associate minister at New
Generation Baptist Church.
However, Strachan also be-
lieves that Christians should
learn from this saying, "Do

not count anyone out. God
can save anyone."

3. "Woman, behold your son
... behold your mother." John
In this line, Jesus Christ is
telling his disciple, John the
Evangelist, to look after his
"To, me this line is really
about compassion,"' Strachan
said. "Jesus was not so over-
taken by his own pain that he
forgot the needs of others."

4. "Eloi, Eloi, lema sabach
thani" (My God, my God,
why have you forsaken me?)
Mark 15:34
"You know at this point,
many people have said that
Jesus was separated from
God but I never thought
that," said the Reverend Mil-
dred Roscoe of Salters Chapel
African Methodist Episcopal

a Soul Saving Revival, April
12th and 13th at 7:30 p.m.
nightly. Come and be blessed.

The Historic Mount
Zion Missionary Baptist
Church invites everyone to
attend "The Seven Last Words
of Jesus" service on Good Fri-
day, April 6th at 7 p.m. 305-

Greater Harvest Bap-
tist Church family invites the
community at large to come
worship with them. Sunday
School begins at 9 a.m. and
worship service is held from
10 a.m. to noon.

The West Perrine
Alumni Association of Mi-
ami of Palmetto Sr. High
School is hosting its second
annual Gospel Explosion on
April 21st at 7 p.m. at the
Community Church of Christ
Written in Heaven. Tickets
are necessary. For more in-
formation, please call 786-

The Zeta Mu Chapter
of the Alpha Pi Chi Nation-
al Sorority invites everyone
to their annual Prayer Break-

Church. "I take it to mean
that he called out because of
human pain, yes, but he also
called out to teach us that the
word of God counts no matter
the circumstances."
Roscoe explained further,
"The [quote] is there to show
us that even when we feel that
God has forsaken us, that we
should continue to trust in
the word and to trust in God."

5. "I thirst." John 19:28
According to Readon, "Je-
sus was literally thirsty on
the cross, but today's Chris-
tians can see that statement
metaphorically, meaning that
we ought to be thirsty for the
word, we ought to be thirsty
to be living right."

6. "It is finished." John
"It was an articulation that
the assignment God had given

fast on April 14th at 9 a.m.
at the Holy Redeemer Cath-
olic Church Hall. Tickets are
required. Selina, 305-281-

Kazah Temple #149
Shriners invites everyone to
an "Easter Egg-cursion," for
kids ages 4 13,on April 7th,
11 a.m. 2 p.m. at Ingram
Park. 305-953-3042.

Black pastors and min-
isters with earned doctoral
degrees, please contact 786-
231-9820 for a conference
this summer.

Greater Harvest In-
ternational Ministries is
please to announce that it's
GHIM-Hall is now available,to
the public and can be used
for any organizations such
as Boys/Girls Scout, Women/
Men's Group or events like
birthdays or weddings. 786-
238-3838, 954-607-0833.

Emmanuel Missionary
Baptist Church welcomes
everyone to their regular
Family and Friends Sunday
services at 7:30 a.m. and 11
a.m. 305-696-6545.

Elderly singer credits God for her voice

continued from 13B

sing there, but I could always
hear my aunt's words in the
back of my mind saying,
'Don't ever be found anywhere
where you wouldn't want the
Lord to find you,' so I just
made up my mind, that was
not for me."
Her voice has taken her all
over the United States, sing-
ing at religious conventions
in Florida, Mississippi, Michi-
gan, California and many oth-

er states.
She has sung for funerals
and weddings, and just about
anywhere anyone would ask
her to, as long as they sent a
ride for her.
"I used to drive all over but
then I got in an accident and I
just took it as a sign the Lord
did not want me to drive any
more," she said. "So now, I tell
people I don't drive and they
say, 'Oh, don't worry, we will
send someone for you.' "
Smith also is regular sing-
er at her church in St. Rose,

Fifth African Baptist.
The Rev. Gerald Vinnett Sr.,
church pastor, said it would
be easier to say what she
didn't bring to the church and
her church community than to
name all the gifts she brings.
"Her spirit of worship and
her gift of song is her spiritu-
ality," Vinnett said. "We con-
sider her the Mahalia Jack-
son of St. Charles Parish and
New Orleans as well. She is
a blessing to know and with
her singing she inspires and
encourages us all to be joyful

and happy."
Besides singing, Smith en-
joys helping the elderly when-
ever she can.
"I like to go to the (nursing)
home in Destrehan and visit
with the elderly, just sitting
and talking and praising God.
It really does my heart good,"
she said.
Smith said she will continue
singing as long as there is a
breath in her body and "the
good Lord wants her to."
"It all belongs to the Lord
anyway," she said.

him to let the world know
about Him and to die on the
cross for the sins of humanity
- had been completed," ex-
plained Lake. "It was a mes-
sage of conclusion."

7. "Father, into your hands,
I commend my spirit." Luke
"What Jesus was doing was
that he knew he was dying on
that cross at that moment, so
he gave up his spirit," Rever-
end Jeffrey Mack of Second
Canaan Missionary Baptist
Church explained.
For Christians, they should
understand these words as a
final acceptance of death.
He further explained,
"Those words mean that our
spirits belong to God and that
even when we surrendered
our life to Christ, we must
still be willing to accept life
and death."

Has Easter service become just a fashion show?

continued from 12B

He explained further, "It
transforms my perception that
I don't need to try God last I
need to put God first and know
that in due time, in due season,
it will all work out."
To commemorate the holiday,
the many Trinity CME worship-
pers were offered the chance to
experience a guest speaker at a
second service after experienc-
ing a sunrise service. In addi-
tion, the Overtown congregation
broke with tradition by calling

April 1st Resurrection Sunday,
instead of Easter. It is a name
change that more churches are
increasingly choosing, accord-
ing to Dr. Nathaniel Holmes, an
adjunct professor of religion at
Florida Memorial University.
"You also notice that some
churches have moved towards
a dressed down Easter Sunday
- some churches don't even do
Easter egg hunts any more," he
The change "is really to
promote the fact that Eas-
ter is about the resurrection
of Jesus and not about the

Easter bunny."

Some Christians are con-
cerned that worshippers are not
coming to sanctuaries solely to
celebrate the resurrection, but
instead coming to be seen. Hol-
mes sees the pageantry to be an
extension of the commercializa-
tion of the day.
"Easter has generally become
a family day when all families
get together especially in the
Black community -it's a day
when you can get dressed in

your fanciest clothes, which
is an opportunity that Blacks
traditionally have not had," he
Regardless of why people walk
into service, it is a minister's job
to make sure they return, ac-
cording to Lue.
"That's the challenge that we
fact to make sure that on Sun-
day, the word is relevant and
the worship experience is so
real that Resurrection Sunday
is not just a show it was actu-
ally a transformative service
that makes them want to come
back," he said.

Caldwell: Our people need an uplifting message

continued from 12B

since, during his youth, his
mother constantly had him
attend church with her.
"I understood religion," said
Caldwell, whose mother was
a choir director, "but I didn't
understand my relationship
with God."
Regardless of his misgiv-
ings, Caldwell did under-
stand that his own way was

not working for him. And on
one fateful night in March
1991, when a group of his
friends were robbed and had
their car stolen, he says he
gave his life to Christ. A voice
had told him not to get into
the car.
"It was right then that I
went home and I prayed to
God," he recalled. "I cried out
to God for about four hours
and that day on March 18th,
1991, God delivered me from

all of my addictions."
In 1995, he was called into
ministry at New Way Fel-
lowship Baptist Church. He
would go on to serve in oth-
er ministries before being
installed as the senior pas-
tor of New Providence Mis-
sionary Baptist Church on
October 2, 2011. With more
than 350 active members,
the church supports the tra-
ditional Women and Men's
Ministry and also launched a

Children's, Young Adult and
Couple's Ministry.
"We are an eclectic mix of
young and old members,"
Caldwell described. "We have
to be able to provide activities
that will appeal to all genera-
On many Sundays, the min-
ister can be found behind the
pulpit preaching a message of
hope to everyone in the pews.
"I allow my sermons to take
you to Jesus," Caldwell said.

Running for Jesus
Youth Outreach Ministries
is seeking talented youth for
solos, praise dances, rapping,
spoken word poetry for their
Summer Jam Fest Crusade
Tent Service. 954-213-4332,

God Storehouse Minis-
try welcomes the community
to their Tent Revival March
26th 30th, 7p.m. nightly;
and March 31st at 5:45 p.m.
nightly. 305-573-5711, 305-

Chosen Generation
Ministries welcomes all
women to their annual La-
dies Prayer Breakfast on April
7th, 9 a.m. 1 p.m. 786-231-

New Life Family Wor-
ship Center hosts Bible study
every Wednesday at 7 p.m.

New Mount Moriah Mis-
sionary Baptist Church will
host the Habitat for Humanity
of Greater Miami's Homeown-
ership Application Meeting on
the second Saturday of every
month at 9:30 a.m. No RSVP
necessary. 305-634-3628.

Mt. Claire Holiness
Church welcomes every-
one to their Sunday Worship
Services at 12 p.m. and to
Praise and Worship Services
on Thursday at 8 p.m. 305-

Emmanuel Missionary
Baptist Church is hosting a
Family and Friends Day wor-
ship service every Sunday at
7:30 a.m. and 11 a.m. 305-

God Word God Way
Church of God In Christ in-
vites you three nights of re-
vival with Tony Phillips, April
18-20. 786-326-3455.

Christ's Kingdom Life
Center International wel-
comes the community to their
Sunday worship service at
10:30 a.m. and their Bible
study and Prayer sessions on
Tuesday at 7 p.m.954-963-

The Women Transi-
tioning Program is hosting
another computer training
session for women and men.

New Beginning Church
of Deliverance invites ev-
eryone to their free weight
loss classes Saturdays at 10
a.m., but enrollment is neces-
sary. 786-499-2896.

Memorial Temple Bap-
tist Church holds worship
services nightly at 7:30 p.m.

Progressive Officers Club
(POC) is comprised of Police and
Correctional Officers as well as
civilians in Miami-Dade and
Broward counties.
A historically African-Amer-
ican non-profit organization,
the POC has grown and diversi-
fied, now having members from
various ethnic and racial back-
POC scholarships of $1000
will be awarded from our Edu-
cational Assistance Award Pro-
African-American high school
students residing in Miami-
Dade and Broward counties
who are in good academic
standing and will be receiving
a high school diploma during

Liberty Square,

Pork n' Beans

Liberty Square and Pork n'
Bean residents of 1950-1980
reunion, 1l a.m. 5 p.m. on
Saturday, May 12 at Arcola
Lakes Park.
Kids 5-12, $10 and 13 and
up, $20.
Deadline for all moneys is
April 11.
Contact Pat for pick up for
all moneys, 305-300-2134,
Thank you.

* Redemption Mission-
ary Baptist Church wel-
comes everyone to their 'In-
troduction to the Computer'
classes on Tuesdays, 11 a.m.
- 12:30 p.m. and Thursdays,
4 p.m. 5:30 p.m. 305-770-
7064, 786-312-4260.

New Canaan Mission-
ary Baptist Church wel-
comes the community to Sun-
day Bible School at 9:30 a.m.
followed by Worship Services
at 11 a.m. 954 981-1832.

New Beginning Church
of Deliverance hosts a Mar-
riage Counseling Workshop
every Wednesday at 5 p.m.
Appointment necessary. 786-

Glendale Baptist
Church of Brownsville in-
vites everyone to morning
worship every Sunday at 11
a.m. and Bible Study every
Wednesday at 7 p.m. 305-

Set Free Ministries
through Jesus Christ of
the Apostolic Faith Church,
Inc. will be starting a New
Bereavement Support Group
beginning on the 2nd and 4th
Wednesday of each month
from 7 p.m.- 9 p.m. 786-488-

Lifeline Outreach Min-
istries invites everyone to
their roundtable to discuss
the Bible every Saturday, 6
p.m. 305-345-8146.

Join Believers Faith
Breakthrough Ministries
Int'l every Friday at 7:30
p.m. for Prophetic Break-
through Services. 561-929-
1518, 954-237-8196.

The Women's Depart-
ment of A Mission With
A New Beginning Church
sponsors a Community Feed-
ing every second Saturday of
the month, from 10 a.m. un-
til all the food has been given
out. For location and addi-
tional details, call 786-371-

New Mt. Sinai Mission-
ary Baptist Church wel-
comes the community to their
Sunday Bible School classes
at 9:30 a.m. and 11 a.m.
Worship Service. 305-635-
4100, 786-552-2528.

The Heart of the City
Ministries invites everyone
to morning worship every
Sunday at 9 a.m. 305-754-

New Life Family Wor-
ship Center welcomes ev-
eryone to their Wednesday
Bible Study at 7 p.m. 305-

a commencement ceremony for
the 'Class of 2012' are eligible
to apply.
Applicants must have been
accepted to an institution of
higher learning as a full-time
student for the upcoming fall
semester (2012).
POC members with graduat-
ing high school seniors may also
apply for a scholarship from the
Roslyn McGruder-Clark Schol-
arship Fund.
Applications for scholarships
can only be requested via mail
(letter or postcard) no later than
Friday, April 22, 2012 to: Pro-
gressive Officers Club, P.O. Box
680398, Miami, FL 33168, At-
tention: Education Assistance
Award Program.

Bible provides

money advice

continued from 12B

it bad, saving is good, giving is
fun and stuff is meaningless."
"So, at the end of your life.
you will be much more happy
with what you gave away then
with what you kept," he said.
Visit www.mymoneyques-
tions.com or www.kingdomad-
visors.org for more information
on money matters and the Bi-

Ministers teach last lessons of Jesus Christ

Progressive Officers Club offers

Academic Scholarships


Cuts threaten access to

college pacement tests

-Photo courtesy of Theo Karantsalis

Edison students march for Trayvon


By Theo Karantsalis alongsic
laps anc
Hundreds of students at Edi- Some
son Senior High School in Mi- others
ami walked out of class last and-bla,
Friday morning in support of unity as
Trayvon Martin. around
Th-e school band marched with Ma


up an

By Thomas J. Fitzgerald

Julianna Huth, a sec-
ond grader at Green Primary
School, in Green, Ohio, is a
convert to the digital word.
The 8-year-old uses both an
iPad and a Nook, and she en-
joys e-books at home and at
"It's just cool that you can
read on your iPad," said Ju-
lianna, who started using e-
books when she was 6. "It's
more fun and you learn more
from it."
Children would say that.
Books on iPads and some e-
readers like the Nook Color or
the Kindle Fire are fun. They

de students as they took
d remained on campus.
students wore hoodies,
wore the school's red-
ck colors, in a show of
they marched in circles
the track carrying signs
rtin's picture on it.

"We want everyone to know
that we think an injustice has
taken place," said Marie Joseph.
The 16-year-old also carried a
bag of Skittles and a can of iced
tea, items that also had in his
pockets the evening that he was
shot and killed by neighborhood

watchman George Zimmerman.
Joseph said she and her
classmates want Zimmerman
to face justice for Trayvon's
The mantra: "no justice, no
peace" could be heard from sev-
eral blocks away.

A /

Second grade students plays on the ad.
Second grade students plays on the iPad.

But is it better than a book?
It may take a generation to ever
know for sure, and even 10 or
20 years from now it will be
debated as the effects of tele-
vision or video games are still
discussed today.
Julianna's teacher, Kourtney
Denning, sees e-books as es-
sential. "Old books don't really

." -, .... "-^ H
'-- ^ '-*- ^^ i a

Julianna Huth working with both an iPad and a wireless key-

include music, animation and
other interactive elements that
make reading a book feel like
playing a video game.
In "Pete the Cat: I Love My
White Shoes," an e-book for
children ages 3 to 7, they can
change the color of Pete's shoes
by touching them, sing along
to music with the lyrics that
roll along the page, listen to a
narrator or record their voices
as they read aloud.

cut it anymore," she said. "We
have to transform our learning
as we know it."
Amid the excitement and
enthusiasm, some people are
suggesting a closer look, es-
pecially for younger children
learning to read. "Right now,
the state-of-the-art, in terms
of research-based practice is:
read traditional books with
your child," said Julia Parish-

Morris, a postdoctoral fellow
at the University of Pennsylva-
nia who has studied e-books
and how children interact with
them. "We don't have any evi-
dence that any kind of elec-
tronic device is better than a
In an attempt to figure out
whether parents should em-
brace e-books with great en-
thusiasm or ration e-reader
screen time as they do TV time,
Julianna's class is participat-
ing in a research project for the
Center for Literacy at the Uni-
versity of Akron.
The project is meant to find
the best way to integrate e-
books into classrooms. It is
part of a broader study of kin-
dergartners through second
graders using a range of devic-
es and computers.
Julianna's mother, Cathy
Ivancic, was elated when she
learned the class would take
part in the study. She said
that devices like the iPad were
new and fun and gave children
an incentive to read, includ-
ing those who might be reluc-
tant. "It's a new motivation to
explore reading," she said. "At
this age is when you learn to
love reading, or not love read-
Ivancic's other daughter, Jes-
sica, 13, also uses an e-reader,
preferring e-books over tradi-
tional books because they are
easier to read. "And in between
books you can play apps," she

Parish-Morris and educators
are concerned that children
can be distracted by the ani-
mations and gamelike features
within e-books. Maintaining a
focus on the story is important
in developing literacy skills,
they said.
One way this happens spon-
taneously is through a back-
and-forth dialogue that devel-
ops naturally between a parent
and child sharing a book.
"The most important thing is
sitting and talking with your
children," said Gabrielle Strou-
se, an adjunct assistant profes-
sor at Vanderbilt who has stud-
ied e-books. "Whether you're
reading a book, whether you're
reading an e-book, whether
you're watching a video. Co-
interacting, co-viewing, is the
best way for them to learn."
Lisa Guernsey, director of
the early education initiative
at the New America Founda-
tion, says conversations about
how events of a story relate to
the child's own life, or asking
open-ended questions about
what happened, are examples
of spontaneous dialogue. But
this kind of interaction is of-
ten different with e-books, she
said, and in some cases, disap-
"We are seeing some evidence
that parents expect the e-
books to do it all and are step-
ping back from the engagement
with their children," she said.

By Tamar Lewin

Because of a federal budget
cut, thousands of low-income'
students across the nation
may not be able to afford the
fees for their Advanced Place-
ment exams this spring -
exams that could save them
thousands of dollars in col-
lege tuition.
As part of the federal bud-
get agreement last December.
Congress cut federal financ-
ing for programs that offer
advanced high school courses
to slightly under $27 million.
from $43 million the previous
year, with only about $20 mtl-
lion to be used to subsidize
low-income students' exam
fees. So, in recent weeks,
state education officials have
been notifying high schools
that lcm-income students.
who have for decades been
eligible for fee waivers. will
have to pay $15 for each of
the first three exams the'.
take, and $53 per exam for
any beyond that.
A.P. exams, given in May,
cost $87 apiece, and many
schools are now in the pro-
cess of collecting registrations
and fees.
At Classical High School
in Providence, R.I., where 70
percent of the students qual-
ify for free or reduced-price
meals, Louis Toro, the Ad-
vanced Placement coordina-
tor, said that some students
who had expected to take four
or five A.P. exams were cut-
ting back to three.
"Just this morning, I had a
girl tell me, 'Mr. Toro, I've cho-
sen my three A.P.'s,' and I told
her I'd order those three, and
well try find a way to pay for
the others," he said. "I'm get-
ting calls from parents who
don't understand. I explain
that it's not a school issue.
it's not a district issue, it's a
Washington issue "
Trevor Packer, the College
Board official in charge of the
A.P. program, estimates that
because of the fee increases,
about 337,000 low-income
students will take A.P. exams
in May 29,000 students
fewer than projected. Also, he
said, fewer low-income stu-
dents ''ill take multiple ex-
amrs, leading to a decline of
about 47.000 exams.
Some states, districts arid
schools will pick up the full
test fees for low-income stu-
dents. But Mr. Packer wor-
ries that the budget cuts will
mean fewer low-income stu-

dents earning college credit
for advanced high school
At a Congressional brief-
ing where the cuts were an-
noLinced, he said, "it just
happened that an A.P teach-
er had brought some stu-
dents from the Baltimore City
schools, all African-American.
all low-income. When they
heard about the cuts, they
went crazy,. saying, "My fam-
il's not planning on coming
Lip with extra money for me to
take the exams -
The cuts hit eten harder for
students in the Internation-
al Baccalaureate program.
which also offers college-level
The l.B charges $100 per
exam. plus a $145 onetime
registration fee. For a full I B.
diploma. which may earn a
semester or year of college

Putting at risk poor
students' ability to
earn college credit
for high school

credit, students must pass
six exams, for a total cost of
$745 But this year, the gov-
ernment will pay only $38 to-
ward the registration fee, plus
$38 for each of the first two
The fees for the May I.B. ex-
ams were due In November,
Vinth schools that pay for low-
incomne students getting reim-
bursement over the summer.
"We paid $10,000, and if
we don't get reimbursed, the
money would have to come
from somewhere else in our
very limited school budget."
said Teresa Atwill, the i B.
coordinator at Newport High
School in Oregon, where al-
most half the students qual-
ify- for free or reduced-price
meals. International Bac-
calaureate program credits
saved one recent graduate
$7.500 in her first year at Or-
egon State. Atwill said.
Chris Wilder, the I B co-
ordinator at Mount Rainier
High School, in Des Momes,
Wash.. said his reimburse-
ment would come up about
$7.000 short this year.
"I know they're trying to
balance the budget but un-
fortunately, this falls on the
back of the people who can
least afford it," Wilder said.

M 3 ,,, 3 3 .M ,,irj _.,.,..,,. ,,,,r

".a Li Exp__

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Send to: The Miami Times, 900 NW 54 St. Miami, FL 33127-1818 or
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li d.nc s Flotdnda sales( laX






What you lose when you sign that donor card



By Dick Teresi

The last time I renewed my
driver's license, the clerk at the
DMV asked if she should check
me off as an organ donor. I said
no. She looked at me and asked
again. I said, "No. Just check
the box that says, 'I am a heart-
less, selfish bastard.'"
Becoming an organ donor
seems like a win-win situation.
Some 3.3 people on the trans-
plant waiting list will have their
lives extended by your gift (3.3
is the average yield of solid or-
gans per donor). You're a hero,
and at no real cost, apparently.
But what are you giving up
when you check the donor box
on your license? Your organs, of
course--but much more. You're
also giving up your right to in-
formed consent. Doctors don't
have to tell you or your relatives

what they will do to your body
during an organ harvest op-
eration because you'll be dead,
with no legal rights.
The most likely donors are
victims of head trauma (from,
say, a car or motorcycle acci-
dent), spontaneous bleeding in
the head, or an aneurysm -
patients who can be ruled dead
based on brain-death criteria.
But brain deaths are estimated
to be just around one percent
of the total. Everyone else dies
from failure of the heart, cir-
culation and breathing, which
leads the organs to deteriorate
The current criteria on brain
death were set by a Harvard
Medical School committee in
1968, at a time when organ
transplantation was making
great strides. In 1981, the Uni-
form Determination of Death


I- 4

'. I


Doctors don't have to tell
you or your relatives what
they will do to your body dur-
ing an organ harvest opera-
tion because you'll be dead,
with no legal rights.

Act made brain death a legal
form of death in all 50 states.
The exam for brain death is
simple. A doctor splashes ice
water in your ears (to look for
shivering in the eyes), pokes
your eyes with a cotton swab
and checks for any gag re-
flex, among other rudimentary

I like dead people
cold, stiff, gray ... The
brain-dead are warm,
pink and breathing.'

tests. It takes less time than a
standard eye exam. Finally, in
what's called the apnea test, the
ventilator is disconnected to see
if you can breathe unassisted. If
not, you are brain dead. (Some
or all of the above tests are re-

peated hours later for confirma-
Here's the weird part. If you
fail the apnea test, your respi-
rator is reconnected. You will
begin to breathe again, your
heart pumping blood, keeping
the organs fresh. Doctors like
to say that, at this point, the
"person" has departed the body.
You will now be called a BHC, or
beating-heart cadaver.
Still, you will have more in
common biologically with a liv-
ing person than with a person
whose heart has stopped. Your
vital organs will function, you'll
maintain your body tempera-
ture, and your wounds will con-
tinue to heal. You can still get
bedsores, have heart attacks
and get fever from infections.
"I like my dead people cold,
stiff, gray and not breathing,"
says Dr. Michael A. DeVita of

the University of Pittsburgh
Medical Center. "The brain dead
are warm, pink and breathing."
You might also be emitting
brainwaves. Most people are
surprised to learn that many
people who are declared brain
dead are never actually tested
for higher-brain activity. The
1968 Harvard committee rec-
ommended that doctors use
electroencephalography (EEG)
to make sure the patient has
flat brain waves. Today's tests
concentrate on the stalk-like
brain stem, in charge of basics
such as breathing, sleeping and
waking. The EEG would alert
doctors if the cortex, the think-
ing part of your brain, is still
But various researchers de-
cided that this test was un-
necessary, so it was eliminated
Please turn to DONOR 18B

.. -..-*)>' #; 'U

,- '

I- -

Once they reach school age, kids are at risk from sports injuries.

Report links rise in cancer


Recalls on kids products

fall, but injuries increase

Report criticizes secrecy that

surrounds some safety notices

By Jayne O'Donnell

Children's product recalls
dropped 24 percent in 2011,
but injuries and other inci-
dents associated with these
recalls grew seven percent, a
report out today says.
The decline in recalls is likely
due to companies' adherence
to a new children's product
safety law, according to Kids In
Danger, which did the report.
But the advocacy group says
that the secrecy surrounding
product safety recalls makes it
difficult to draw conclusions.
What is clear: The percentage
of products fixed or replaced
remains largely unchanged the
past few years, says the Con-
sumer Product Safety Commis-
sion (CSPC).'Only 15 percent to
30 percent of products are sent
back or repaired, but some
high-profile recalls get higher
response rates, the CSPC says.
About 40 percent of recalls

last year, or 121 of 310 overall,
involved children's products,
the Kids In Danger report
shows. And it notes two recalls
of bunk beds and infant video
monitors involved deaths.
CPSC's complaint database
includes many reports of
children injured or killed by
recalled products, says Kids In
Danger's Nancy Cowles.
CPSC has required mak-
ers of 22 children's products
to include registration cards
since June 2010. But there
are no data yet on whether
that's improved responses. The
Juvenile Products Manufactur-
ers Association says the rate of
return has "traditionally been
very low."
The average recall response
rate for child safety seats -
which are regulated by the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration is about 41
percent, while about 75 per-
cent of owners of cars and light

trucks take their cars back for
recalls, says data and analysis
firm Lindsey Research Servic-
es. Car recalls are bolstered by
mandatory registration.
Stores track shoppers' pur-
chases closely, but their ability
to link a person with a pur-
chase depends on the payment
method, whether the consumer
has a store loyalty card, and
privacy issues, says Kevin Ster-
neckert, retail research chief
at technology advisory firm
Gartner Group. He says online
retailers would have the easiest
time contacting consumers.
Members of loyalty programs
at Toys R Us and Babies R Us
get e-mail alerts about product
recalls; others can sign up on
the stores' websites to get no-
tices. Amazon and Costco no-
tify customers when products
they buy online are recalled.
Consumers can sign up for
recall notices on CPSC's and
NHTSA's websites.
The report urged CPSC to
require "more aggressive" recall
outreach and asked Congress
to require annual CPSC reports
on recall effectiveness.

Having babies sleep on their back

is just one part of stopping SIDS

Other risk factors lished today in the journal San Diego SIDS/SUDC (Sud-
Pediatrics, den Unexplained Death In
are important for SIDS, the leading cause of Childhood) Research Project.
death in children ages one The new study, based on an
safety, prevention month to one year, results in analysis of 568 known SIDS

By Michelle Healy

Stomach-sleeping is widely
recognized as a key risk factor
for sudden infant death syn-
drome (SIDS), but it's not the
only unsafe sleep habit that
parents, caregivers and health
providers need to continue to
guard against, a new study
Letting infants sleep on an
adult mattress or share a bed
with an adult have "emerged
as additional prominent
risks," says the study, pub-

about 2,300 deaths a year.
"Ninety percent of cases occur
before the sixth month of life,"
says Henry Krous, director of
Pathology Research at Rady
Children's Hospital in San
Diego and one of the study's
The "Back to Sleep" public
health campaign launched in
1994 got the word out that
the safest way for babies to
sleep is on their backs: Within
10 years, the overall SIDS rate
fell more than 50 percent. But
the decline has plateaued,
says Krous, director of the

deaths in San Diego County
from 1991 to 2008, finds that
the percentage of SIDS infants
placed to sleep prone (on their
stomachs) decreased from
85.4 percent to 30.1 percent,
and those found prone at the
time of death decreased from
84 percent to 48.4 percent.
At the same time, however,
the percentage of SIDS infants
found in a bed with one or
more adults increased from
19.2 percent to 37.9 percent;
the percentage found alone on
an adult mattress increased
Please tur to SIDS 18B

to inactivity and 4
By Janice Lloyd of cancer prevention for the
-.. Centers for Disease Control

The decline in deaths
from all cancers combined
continued in the USA from
2004-2008, but a major
government report highlights
a worrisome rise in cases
linked to obesity and inactiv-
While the overall rate of
new cancer cases is declin-
ing, the report confirms
research showing that excess
weight and a sedentary
lifestyle are risk factors for
one-quarter to one-third
of common cancers in the
USA. About one-third of
adults almost 78 million
- are obese, roughly 30 or
more pounds over a healthy
"I lpn't think Amerjians
understand the association
between cancer and obesity,"
says physician Marcus Ples-
cia, director of the division

and Prevention. "We do know
people are afraid of cancer.
They know about the links
(from obesity) to diabetes,
heart disease and arthritis,

Mechanisms from
obesity and inactivity
that play a role in can-
cers include increased
hormone levels, al-
terations in insulin
levels, chronic hyper-
tension and damaging
inflammatory agents.

but many don't know about
this. They need to know."
The report, published
Wednesday in the journal
Cancer, is co-authored by re-
searchers from the CDC, the

North American Association
of Central Cancer Registries,
the National Cancer Institute
and the American Cancer
For people who do not
smoke, maintaining a
healthy weight and getting
sufficient exercise may be
among the most important
ways to prevent cancer,
the authors write. The risk
factors are second only to to-
bacco as preventable causes
of disease and death in the
"Education (campaigns)
about the risks associated
with smoking have been
successful," says Plescia. He
adds that this year's re-
port documents the second
straight year of decreas-
ing lung cancer death rates
among -....rn-rI This is an
important trend. We hope to
spread the same important'
message about obesity.",,

Joint pain more likely for obese

Data also confirm Y
.. .. ...., .
higher risk of
heart problems

By Nanci Hellmich

A new government survey
helps quantify what doctors
and public health officials
have long known: Obese
adults are significantly more
likely to report having joint
pain, heart conditions, high
cholesterol and diabetes than
people at a healthy weight.
In fact, 58 percent of adults
who are obese (roughly 30 or
more pounds over a healthy
weight) said they suffered
from joint pain, vs. 40 percent
of people at healthy weight,
according to a survey from the
Agency for Healthcare Re-
search and Quality.
Obesity increases the risk of
heart disease, type 2 diabetes,
some types of cancers and
other health problems.
These statistics are from the
government's 2009 Medical
Expenditure Panel Survey, a

nationally representative sur-
vey of about 24,000 adults,
ages 20 and older, followed
for two years. People were
asked a number of questions
about their health, medical
conditions, health care use,
medical expenditures, source
of payment and insurance
coverage. They self-reported
their height and weight and
reported heights and weights
for other household members.

Among the findings:
*About 42 percent of obese
adults reported having a
heart condition, such as high
blood pressure, heart disease,
strokes or ministrokes, in
2009 vs. 18 percent of adults
at a healthy weight.
42 percent of the obese
adults said they have high
cholesterol vs. 22 percent of
those at a healthy weight.
Please turn to OBESE 18B

Nearly 4 in to women have never married

By Sharon Jayson

Nearly 40 percent of women
have never been married, and
fewer are in a first marriage,
according to a new govern-
ment report that takes a
detailed look at first marriages
and their chances for survival.
The data, out today from
the National Center for Health
Statistics, are based on
22,682 in-person interviews
from 2006 to 2010 with men
and women (not couples) ages
15 to 1,1. Among the 12,279
women studied, lihe percent-
age of never-marrieds rose to
38 percent from 33 percent in
The highest percentage of
women who have never mar-
ried was among blacks (55
percent), followed by U.S.-

1982 ZUUO-1U
Somce. National Centel foi Heallth Satisnecs

born Hispanics (49 percent),
Asians (39 percent) and
whites (3-1 percent).
The percentage of women
who said they were in a first

marriage declined to 36 per-
cent, from 44 percent in 1982.
Similar data on men were not
collected until 2002.
The data reflect not only the
"delay in getting married for
the first time" but also "that
more people are cohabitating,"
says Galena Rhoades of the
University of Denver's Center
for Marital and Family Stud-
Researchers consider the
.numbers reliable: "Of all the
government reports, this se-
ries has the best methodology
about marriage and divorce,"
says sociologist Andrew Cher-
lin, a demographer at Johns
Hopkins University in Balti-
The data show that nearly
one in two imtarriages break
Please turn to WOMEN 18B

On the decline
Percentage of women
now in their first






emn ess

Sponsored by North Shore Medical Center
"Once You Know, It's Where To Go"



* A


By Sarah Nassauer

Want to turn leftovers into
crowd pleasing meals? Sarah
Nassauer gets a few tips from
Tamar Adler, author of 'An
Everlasting Meal,' on how to
make the most out of every
In Ondria Witt's kitchen, last
night's roast chicken is to-
night's enchiladas. Stale bread
becomes bread pudding.
"I'd rather eat a spoon-
ful of peanut butter than eat
leftovers," says Sacha Witt,
a 26-year-old classical bass
trombone player who also
does home repair work. Even
so, Witt hates to think about



all the leftovers that end up
in the trash. "You're like, 'Oh
man, how much money have I
wasted?' "
The food we throw away
is getting more attention, as
prices continue to rise. Still,
it's a challenge for home cooks
to resist the temptation to eat
out or order in. It's hard work
using up all the food we have
languishing in our refrigera-
tors, freezers and pantries. And
it takes creativity to prepare
leftovers that will appeal to
picky eaters.
But there is a reward for
those who learn how. The aver-
age U.S. family of four spends
Please tun to LEFTOVERS 18B







What an average U.S. family
of four spends on food that
ends up in the garbage.

It's counterintuitive: People tend to overestimate what they need
at the store when they are well-stocked at home, research shows.

., .'- I'..
I. ~,


Fruit and juices
make up 16% of
trash in a home.*

Milk and yogurt
make up 13% of

Vegetables make up
25% of trash.

Grains make up 14%
of trash.

Study: Pregnancy ups

risk of heart attack: .,

Carolyn Gilleland, MSN/MBA Administrative Director of Cancer Center, Manny Linares, CEO of
North Shore Medical Center and Patricia Sechi, COO of North Shore Medical Center

New program at NSMC

accredited by cancer chief

The Commission on Cancer
(CoC) of the American college
of Surgeons (ACoS) has granted
Three-Year Accreditation with
Commendation to the Cancer
Program at North Shore Medi-
cal Center.
"North Shore Medical Cen-
ter's Cancer Center prides it-
self on providing some of the
most up-to-date and advanced
cancer care to the community,
and we are proud to accept this
certification that further con-
firms our commitment to being
a leader in cancer care," said
Manny Linares, CEO.
A facility receives a Three-
Year Accreditation with Com-
mendation following on-site
evaluation by a physician sur-
veyor during, which the facility
demonstrates a Commendation
level of compliance with one or

more standards that represent
the full scope of the cancer pro-
gram (cancer committee leader-
ship, cancer data management,
clinical services, research, com-
munity outreach, and quality
improvement). In addition a fa-
cility receives a compliance rat-
ing for all other standards.
Established in 1922 by the
American College of Surgeons,
the CoC is a consortium of pro-
fessional organizations dedicate
to improving survival rates and
quality of life for cancer patients
through standard-setting, pre-
vention, research, education,
and the monitoring of compre-
hensive, quality care.
Receiving care at a CoC-ac-
credited cancer program en-
sures that a patient will have
access to:
Comprehensive care, in-

cluding a range of state-of-the
art services and equipment
A multispecialty, team ap-
proach to coordinate the best
treatment options
Information about ongoing
clinical trials and new treat-
ment options
Access to cancer-related in-
formation, education, and sup-
A cancer registry that col-
lects data on type and stage of
cancers and treatment results
and offers lifelong patient fol-
Ongoing monitoring and im-
provement of care
And, most importantly,
Quality care close to home.
For more information about
North Shore Medical Cen-
ter's Cancer Center, visit www.

Fatality rate is
By Debra Sherman

Pregnancy and hormonal
changes that continue 12
weeks after giving birth
increase a woman's risk of
heart attack, researchers
Although the likelihood of
having a heart attack during
pregnancy is very low just
one in every 16,000 deliver-
ies it is still three to four
times higher than non-preg-
nant women of the same age.
Moreover, heart attacks
during pregnancy tend to
be more severe and lead to
more complications, accord-
ing to a study presented at

the annual scuenttic .ses-
sions of the Aneri.an C.ol-
lege of Cardiolog. meeung in
Chicago this week.
Hormonal changes, in- --
creased blood olumne aind
other physiological changes
that happen during.fireg-
nancy increase the risk,
researchers said, adding that
heart attacks happen for
different reasons in pregnant
women than those com-
monly seen in the genrerJ
Atherosclerosis. a nar-
rowing of the arteries, is the
most common cause of heart
attack in the general popfla-
tion, but this % as the cause
in only a third of pregnant
women who had a heart at-
tack, they said.
Please turn to HEART 18B

Fruits and veggies

can be beauty tools
By Steven Reinberg

The key to a rosy, healthy-looking complex-
ion may be as simple as eating more fruits and
vegetables, researchers say.
"We found that within a six-week period, fluc-
tuation in fruit and vegetable consumption was
associated with skin-color changes," said lead
researcher Ross Whitehead, from the School of
Psychology at the University of St. Andrews in
Not only did skin look healthier at the end of
the study period, it was judged more attractive
as well, he said. "Eat more fruits and veggies to
improve your appearance," he added.
Practically, this may be a useful motivational
tool for dieters, Whitehead said. "We are cur-
rently running randomized controlled trials
to investigate whether seeing the potential
appearance gains on images of one's own face
are sufficient to motivate dietary change. Pilot
trials have been encouraging so far," he added.
For the study, published March 7th in the
Please turn to TOOLS 18B



It may be a challenge to select
diabetes-friendly meals from a huge
menu of options.
The American Diabetes Association
suggests how to find healthy meals for
Always ask what's in a dish and
how it's prepared; request that dishes
be made without extra butter.
Request small portion sizes, and eat
your meal slowly.
Skip high-fat dressings and top-
Choose dishes that aren't breaded
or fried.
Substitute high-fat choices with
healthier sides.
Don't be afraid to ask for lower-
calorie choices, such as vinegar or olive
oil, even if you don't see them on the
Don't drink too much alcohol.

I Medical Center i'lZo a ui s j
,0 1ILt.Ul '.tW ^ii , 4. l.isil-te4.IIUY I- II i-BtIWO A4XIl W-11

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I .u^ ^.3JU.4 "ALL .

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Secondhand smoke linked to kids and lung disease

Children exposed to second-
hand smoke have nearly twice
the risk of developing a lung
condition called chronic ob-
structive pulmonary disease
when they're adults, a new
study has found.
Chronic obstructive pulmo-
nary disease (COPD) is a term
used for a number of condi-
tions, including emphysema
and chronic bronchitis.
In the study, Norwegian re-
searchers looked at 433 adult
COPD patients and 325 adults

without the disease to assess
risk factors for the condition,
which causes breathing dif-
ficulties and grows worse over
Women exposed to second-
hand smoke as children had
a 1.9 times greater risk of de-
veloping the lung disease than
those who weren't exposed,
while men exposed to second-
hand smoke as children had a
1.5 times to 1.7 times greater
risk than those who were not
exposed, the investigators

Overall, childhood exposure
to secondhand smoke was a
much stronger risk factor for
developing COPD than expo-
sure to secondhand smoke
during adulthood, according
to the report published online
recently in the journal Respi-
"Our results suggest that
the long-term burden of COPD
could be reduced if children
were not exposed to cigarette
smoke," study author Ane Jo-

hannessen and colleagues at
Haukeland University Hospi-
tal, in Bergen, Norway, noted
in journal news release. "Fur-
ther, they indicate that factors
affecting early-life development
of lung function has important
long-term consequences for
adult life."
While the study uncovered
an association between sec-
ondhand smoke exposure in
childhood and COPD in adults,
it did not prove a cause-and-
effect relationship.

Researchers hunt

for causes of autism

By Liz Szabo

For many families, the quest
for the causes of autism has
grown more urgent with the
news that the estimated prev-
alence of autism grew by 23
percent from 2006 to 2008, ac-
cording to a Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention report
out last week.
In most cases, however, sci-
entists can't tell parents what
caused their child's. autism,
says Thomas Insel, director of
the National Institutes of Men-
tal Health. In large part, the
causes of autism which is
likely not one disease, but a
group of conditions with related
symptoms remain a mystery.

For years, scientists had only
a few clues about the condition,
noticing that autism is about
four times as common in boys
as in girls, for example.
Recently, scientists have
found a number of risk factors
for autism, many of which point
toward problems that develop
very early in life such as
during pregnancy or delivery,
or even during the process of
creating eggs and sperm, says
Craig Newschaffer, a professor
at Philadelphia's Drexel Univer-
In this case, immune attack
in womb could be to blame
As a baby, Zachary "Herbie"
White seemed like any other

// "* h

Autism runs in families, either because of shared genes, en-
vironment or both, experts say.

At 15 months, he would blow
kisses and wave goodbye to
his grandparents. Soon, how-
ever, Herbie began losing many

of these new toddler skills. He
stopped waving goodbye. He
didn't talk or even look up when
Please turn to AUTISM 19B

Obese more susceptible to joint pain

continued from 16B

*15 percent of the obese re-
spondents said they have dia-
betes; four percent of those at a.
healthy weight reported having
*50 percent of obese adults re-
ported having spent half an hour
or more in moderate or vigorous
physical activity three times a
week, vs. 67 percent of those at
a healthy weight.
*59 percent of obese people
were advised by their doctor to
exercise; 21 percent of people at

a healthy weight got that advice.
*51 percent of obese people
were advised by their doctor to
avoid high-fat foods; 20 percent
of those at a healthy weight got
that advice.
"People who are overweight
have more health problems,
tend to be less active, and they
are advised by their health care
provider to do better," says Jeff
Rhoades, a social science ana-
lyst with the government agency
and one of the authors of the
Survey statistician Bill Car-
roll, another author of the

study, says, "I would think that
all doctors would be advising
their obese patients to exercise
more and avoid high-fat foods,
but doctors may be reluctant to
bring this up."
Overall, the 2009 data showed
that 25.1 percent of adults are
obese and 4.5 percent are ex-
tremely obese, for a total of 29.6
percent of people who were 30
or more pounds over a healthy
weight. These data are self-
reported, and people tend to
under-report their weight and
over-report their height.
The obesity percentage is

slightly lower than other recently
released government data, which
showed that in 2010, 35.7 per-
cent of U.S. adults were obese.
That number is from the Nation-
al Center for Health Statistics,
part of the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention. It is
based on data from the National
Health and Nutrition Examina-
tion Survey, which is considered
the gold standard for evaluating
the obesity problem in the USA
because it is an extensive sur-
vey of people whose weight and
height are actually measured
rather than self-reported.

Donating your organs has both pros and cons

continued from 16B

from the mandatory criteria in
1971. They reasoned that, if the
brain stem is dead, the high-
er centers of the brain are also
probably dead.
But in at least two studies be-
fore the 1981 Uniform Determi-
nation of Death Act, some "brain-
dead" patients were found to be
emitting brain waves. One, from
the National Institute of Neuro-
logical Disorders and Stroke in
the 1970s, found that out of 503
patients who met the usual cri-
teria of brain death, 17 showed
activity in an EEG.
Even some of the sharpest crit-
ics of the brain-death criteria
argue that there is no possibility
that donors will be in pain dur-

ing the harvesting of their or-
gans. One, Robert Truog, profes-
sor of medical ethics, anesthesia
and pediatrics at Harvard Medi-
cal School, compared the topic
of pain in an organ donor to an
argument over "whether it is OK
to kick a rock."
But BHCs who don't re-
ceive anesthetics during an or-
gan harvest operation react
to the scalpel like inadequately
anesthetized live patients, ex-
hibiting high blood pressure and
sometimes soaring heart rates.
Doctors say these are simply re-
What if there is sound evi-
dence that you are alive after
being declared brain dead? In a
1999 article in the peer-reviewed
journal Anesthesiology, Gail A.
Van Norman, a professor of an-

esthesiology at the University
of Washington, reported a case
in which a 30-year-old patient
with severe head trauma began
breathing spontaneously after
being declared brain dead. The
physicians said that, because
there was no chance of recovery,
he could still be considered dead.
The harvest proceeded over the
objections of the anesthesiolo-
gist, who saw the donor move,
and then react to the scalpel with
Organ transplantation-from
procurement of organs to trans-
plant to the first year of postop-
erative care-is a $20 billion per
year business. Average recipi-
ents are charged $750,000 for
a transplant, and at an average
3.3 organs, that is more than $2
million per body. Neither donors

nor their families can be paid for
It is possible that not being a
donor on your license can give
you more bargaining power. If
you leave instructions with your
next of kin, they can perhaps ne-
gotiate a better deal. Instead of
just the usual icewater-in-the-
ears, why not ask for a blood-flow
study to make sure your cortex
is truly out of commission?
And how about some anes-
thetic? Although he doesn't be-
lieve the brain dead feel pain, Dr.
Truog has used two light anes-
thetics, high-dose fentanyl and
sufentanil, which won't harm
organs, to quell high blood pres-
sure or heart rate during har-
vesting operations. "If it were
my family," he said, "I'd request

Study shows ways to avoid SIDS health problems

continued from 16B

from 23.4 percent to 45.4 per-
Three out of four cases had at
least one "extrinsic" risk factor,
such as prone or side-sleep posi-
tions; bed sharing; overbundling;
soft bedding or toys in the crib;
head covered; or sleeping on an
adult mattress, couch, or play-

pen. Fifty-seven percent had at
least two.
Efforts to reduce the risk of
SIDS most often focus on avoid-
ing prone sleep, "but that alone
isn't adequate," Krous says. "A
safe sleep environment is mark-
edly enhanced by caregivers
avoiding simultaneously all ex-
trinsic factors that place an in-
fant at increased risk for SIDS."
Recent studies suggest some

infants may be vulnerable to
SIDS because of a deficiency in
serotonin, a brain chemical that
helps regulate breathing, temper-
ature, sleeping, waking and other
functions. Serotonin normally
helps babies respond to high
carbon-dioxide levels in sleep by
helping them wake and shift head
position. When face down, ex-
haled carbon dioxide may pool in
bedding and be breathed back in.

"Avoiding simultaneous and
multiple risk factors, especially
those that compromise oxygen
exchange in the sleeping environ-
ment," may be essential to cut
SIDS deaths, the study says.
Adds Krous, "Children are saf-
est sleeping alone in a safety-
approved crib that has a firm
mattress and tight-fitting sheets,
without blankets, pillows and
other soft materials."

Fruit enhance beauty?

continue from 17B

online journal PLUS ONE,
Whitehead's group looked at
the fruits and vegetables 35
people ate over a six-week pe-
They found that redness and
yellowness in skin increased
as more fruits and vegetables
were consumed.
This is due to the impact of
carotenoids, Whitehead said.
"These are red/yellow plant
pigments, which are distrib-
uted to the skin surface when
we eat fruits and veggies," he
The changes in skin color
that were associated with eat-
ing more fruits and vegetables
were linked in a second ex-
periment with increased at-
tractiveness. This suggests
that skin color reflects better
health, the researchers said.
"Our study suggests that
an increase in fruit and veg-
gie consumption of around
three portions over a six-week
period is sufficient to convey
perceptible improvements in
the apparent healthiness and
attractiveness of facial skin,"
Whitehead said.
"Conversely, those that

worsened their diet became
paler," he said.
The carotenoids stud-
ied included beta-carotene
and lycopene. Foods rich in
beta-carotene include car-
rots, yams, spinach, peaches,
pumpkin and apricots. Lyco-
pene is present in apricots,
watermelons, tomatoes and
pink grapefruits.
Nearly all of the study par-
ticipants were white, so more
work is needed to see how diet
affects other groups, the re-
searchers noted.
Also, the study was small,
and the results merely show
an association not cause and
Still, other experts support-
ed the findings. "This is some-
thing I have been saying for a
very long time," said Dr. Doris
Day, a dermatologist at Lenox
Hill Hospital in New York City.
"We are really what we eat,
and it shows in your skin -
and there are no shortcuts,"
she added.
There are studies that show
a high-antioxidant diet one
with olive oil, nuts, more fruits
and vegetables and less dairy
and red meat helps skin
resist aging changes and skin
cancer, Day said.

Fewer women marrying

continued from 16B

up within 20 years; 1995 data
found that 50 percent of all
women's first marriages sur-
vived. The new data show that
52 percent of women's first
marriages survived the 20-year
mark. Among men, 56 percent
of marriages did.
The study has been conduct-
ed since 1973 among women
ages 15 to 44. Men were added
later. With 44 as the age limit,
20 years is the longest mar-
riage duration that can be an-
alyzed, says Casey Copen, the

report's lead author.
A number of factors affect
the likelihood of divorce, ex-
perts say, including educa-
tion. For women with at least a
bachelor's degree, for example,
78 percent were still married
after 20 years, compared with
49 percent for those with some
college and 41 percent for high
school graduates.
For men, 65 percent of those
with at least a bachelor's de-
gree were still married after 20
years, compared with 54 per-
cent for those with some col-
lege and 47 percent for high
school graduates.

Pregnancy, heart attacks

continued from 17B

The more common reason
pregnant women had a heart
attack was a condition called
coronary dissection, a separa-
tion of the layers of the artery
wall that blocks blood flow.
They said this condition is
very rare among non-pregnant
This suggests that in at least
some cases, the traditional
approach to treating the con-
dition during pregnancy and
post partum may not always
be best, researchers said.
"We have very clear guide-
lines for (heart attack) in the
general population. These
guidelines, however, may not
always apply to women with
pregnancy-associated heart

attacks and may actually
cause more harm than good,"
said Dr. Uri Elkayam of the
University of Southern Cali-
fornia in Los Angeles and the
study's lead researcher.
He and his colleagues stud-
ied 150 cases of heart attacks
in pregnant women that oc-
curred since 2005.
They found that most preg-
nant women did not have tra-
ditional cardiovascular risk
factors, such as high choles-
terol, high blood pressure and
diabetes. Yet the pregnant
women's heart attacks were
more severe and the death
rate seven of every 100
women with a heart attack -
was two to three times higher
than what is expected of non-
pregnant women the same

Leftovers can be nutritious if they are properly stored and sealed

continued from 17B

from $500 to $2,000 a year on
food they never eat, according
to researchers' estimates.
Food is the second-largest
component in the U.S. sol-
id waste stream, after paper
and paperboard. Once paper
and paperboard are removed
for recycling, food ends up as
the largest component in U.S.
landfills and incinerators,
weighing in at 33 million tons

in 2010, according to the Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency.
"People have started equat-
ing throwing food away with
throwing away cash," says
Steve Pawl, vice president of
marketing for Rubbermaid,
which along with Ziploc and
Pyrex are introducing food-
storage products aimed at
concerns about food waste and
Rubbermaid's Produce Saver
container has a "fresh vent,"
which allows air to circulate,

and a "crisp tray," which lifts
produce away from moisture-
features the company says
extend the refrigerator life of
Vegetables are the most
commonly wasted food in U.S.
homes, making up some 25
percent of avoidable waste, ac-
cording to CleanMetrics Corp.,
a software firm that analyzes
the environmental impact of
products and businesses.
Without a well-researched
shopping list, most grocery

shoppers will naturally cre-
ate food waste by overbuying,
says Brian Wansink, profes-
sor of marketing at Cornell
University's Charles H. Dyson
School of Applied Economics
and Management, who studies
eating and shopping behavior.
People tend to overestimate
what they need at the store
when they are well-stocked at
home, and to underestimate
what they need when they
don't have enough, he says.
"You have it in your mind

that you have barbecue sauce,"
says Dr. Wansink. "But since
you've been thinking about it,
it must be because you need
it," when in fact you have sev-
eral bottles. In addition to the
tendency to overbuy, people
tend to stockpile. According
to Dr. Wansink, about 93% of
people say they have some-
thing in their kitchen three
years or older, and when
asked, they said they intend to
hold on to the item.
A popular recipe on the Betty

Crocker website is "Bottom of
the Cereal Box Cookie," which
uses the uneaten flakes and
crumbs found in the boxes
gathering dust in our cup-
People respond to recipes
that transform leftovers so
they "suddenly become some-
thing that people want," says
Jennifer Kalinowski, assistant
manager of the food content
strategy group at Betty Crock-
er, which is owned by General
Mills GIS -0.18 percent.

.w .


liIF N\IION' S fil Bl.ACK N41\\.SPA'1R\I I

Funeral service program sees growing enrollment

By Scott Travis

Florida's poor economy is
breathing new life into the
study of death.
At Miami Dade College's
north campus, home of the
only accredited funeral service
program in South Florida, en-
rollment has surged 30 per-
cent in the past three years.
Students say their focus is on
providing more caring, cost-
effective and high-tech experi-
ences for the bereaved.
"I really like working with
people, and believe it or not, in
the funeral industry, you work
more with the living than the
dead," said Arlene Folsom, 55,
of Lake Worth, who enrolled af-

ter being laid off from a home
goods company.
Funeral companies in South
Florida have continued to hire,
even though some have had
to cut expenses because of
changing demands.
Today, large multiday ser-
vices where numerous family
members and friends travel
from out of town are becoming
rare, said John B. "Jack" Hag-
in, owner of the Brooks Cre-
mation and Funeral Services
of Fort Lauderdale.
Many services are webcast.
Pages are created on social me-
dia sites announcing deaths
and services and allowing peo-
ple to post their memories and
order flowers. Technology has

been a growing part of the cur-
riculum at MDC.

So has cremation, a rarity
when the MDC program was
created in 1964. Today, about
60 percent of South Florida
residents are cremated, and
many are forgoing formal ser-
vices, he said. Cremation costs
about $700 to $900, about a
quarter of the cost of a burial,
Hagin said.
Open caskets remain popu-
lar, and there has been a vast
improvement in making the
deceased attractive, MDC of-
ficials said. Students use new
types of chemicals and com-

puter software that can pre-
cisely replicate facial features
from photographs.
"I think there's no better

"Believe it or not, in the
funeral industry, you
work more with the liv-
ing than the dead."

reason to be in funeral service
than to have a family say, 'She
looks so beautiful,' or 'I don't
know how you did what you
did,'" said Allen Powell, funeral
services program coordinator
at MDC.
The students, and the cur-

Officials search for reasons behind autism

continued from 18B

people entered the room.
Like one in 88 American chil-
dren and one in 54 boys -
Herbie was diagnosed with an
autism spectrum disorder.
Yet research suggests that the
roots of Herbie's autism may
have taken hold long before
he began losing interest in the
people around him. While doc-
tors may never be able to prove
the cause of Herbie's disorder
with 100 percent certainty, re-
search suggests that his autism
may be the result of an immune
assault that occurred while he
was still in the womb.
Research by scientist Judy
Van de Water at UC-Davis'
MIND Institute suggests that,
in certain cases, mothers make
antibodies proteins that nor-
mally attack foreign invaders,
such as germs that attack

proteins in their baby's brain
before birth. In a study of 316
children, she found these an-
tibodies in 18 percent of the
moms of autistic kids includ-
ing Herbie's but none of the
moms of non-autistic children.
When she transferred the
antibodies into pregnant mon-
keys, their offspring also
showed signs of autism, Van de
Water says. Van de Water can't
explain what causes mothers to
make antibodies against their
own children, or how this im-
mune attack might cause the
communication and socializing
problems that characterize au-
"They won't say this caused
autism," says Herbie's father,
Steven White, 54. "They're be-
ing very cautious."
White, of Haywood, Calif.,
says he's glad that he's enrolled
in Van de Water's research,
both in the hope of helping his

son, who will turn 5 in May, as
well as other children. "It was
a huge comfort," he says, "to
think I'm doing everything I can
To better understand causes
of autism, researchers at four
major universities are following
1,200 mothers of autistic chil-
dren through a project called
the EARLI study, or the Early
Autism Risk Longitudinal In-
vestigation. Because research-
ers know that these moms are
at high risk of having a second
autistic child, they closely follow
the women's subsequent preg-
nancies, testing blood, urine,
hair, even vacuuming dust from
the women's homes, says News-
chaffer, one of the study's lead
researchers. Researchers ask
pI'r i.-I.r t women to keep lists of
any illnesses, since infections
during pregnancy are suspect-
ed of playing a role in autism.
Doctors can confidently re-

assure parents that one thing
doesn't cause autism vac-
cines, says Paul Offit, chief of
infectious diseases at Children's
Hospital of Philadelphia. Nearly
two dozen studies have failed to
find a link between autism and
vaccines, whether given alone
or in combination.
Researchers have clues to
other causes:
Genes. About 15 percent to
20 percent of autistic children
have a genetic mutation that
causes their disorder, Insel
says. Certain genetic disorders,
such as Fragile X syndrome
and Rett syndrome, are well-
known for increasing the risk
of autism. Even when genes are
the main contributor to autism,
however, it's possible that most
children have a unique muta-
tion or set of mutations, says
David Amaral, research director
of the University of California-
Davis MIND Institute.

riculum, focus as much on the
human relations aspect as the

It used to be most students
were men whose families
owned funeral homes. Today,
most are women who chose
the profession because of ex-
periences they've had, good or
Ludmila Oliveira, 25, of
Deerfield Beach, remembers
as a child "coldness com-
ing from the funeral directors
and the staff, and it bothered
me.... I wanted to be able to
help families in their grieving."
MDC's program is the state's

Gospel ]
Reaching out for Jesus Min-
istry is sponsoring a big gos-
pel program, 5 p.m. Sunday
April 15 at New Birth House of
Prayer, 2300 NW 22 street, Ft.
Special guest, Paul Beasley
and Gospel Keynote, Tyler Tex-

oldest and largest. St. Peters-
burgCollege and Florida State
College at Jacksonville also of-
fer small programs.
The Miami Dade County
Medical Examiner's Office
supplies 250 to 300 bodies
a year for the program. Only
those with no identified family
members are used.
Despite the increased popu-
larity, Powell said he still ex-
pects funeral science will con-
tinue to have a limited appeal.
"Funeral service is not for
everyone," he said. "Just like
being a clergy person is con-
sidered a calling, many of our
students feel as though God
has given them a gift to help
families who are grieving."

as, Tiny and Saints of Atlanta
Georgia, Lil Rev Second Gen-
eration, Wimberly Sisters, Elder
Wright and Galilee Gospel Sing-
ers of Pompano Beach.
Admission $20; at the door
$25. Call Lil Rev at 786-447-


9625 NW 27" Ave., Miami FL 33147
titio antrttriunu e3rdLen. s/lor ros com



The Miami Ti mes .. .... .

7Church DMM^^MBMMMMJB~aairecto^lfftf~

Revival Center
6702 N.W. 15th Avenue


Order of Services

1.1 I, WI,,l,, illl II

I.. i6.ll iv l l i' p m

Temple Missionary
Baptist Church
1723 N.W. 3rd Avenue

Order of Servires
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Mt. Calvary Missionary
Baptist Church
1140 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.

Order of Service!

St. Mark Missionary
Baptist Church
1470 N.W. 87th Street

Order of Service.
- ,nI nn, i

ii- .,yh,. I. l. '.u

Liberty City Church
of Christ
1263 N.W. 67th Street

Order of Services

Jordan Grove Missionary
Baptist Church
5946 N.W. 12th Avenue

_------ Order of Services
. [nFurly Warhip 7n m
11, II I ....
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Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church
15250 N.W. 22nd Avenue

Order of Services
Rev.L'og W4,,, haPatr


New Vision For Christ
13650 N.E. 10th Avenue

S Order of Services

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Rev.,Mic h ,,h,,,,' ,
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Zion Hope
Missionary Baptist
5129 N.W. 17th Avenue
= :-',11,,WSII ,!!! I I I]


Order of Services
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M I..'. 1.1. i W ,, ,, II ,:,-It
hi ,i,,-d ih,,,| '.,i,,-iu ,

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Antioch Missionary Baptist
Church of Brownsville
2799 N.W. 46th Street

O .- Order of Servi;(1 ,,
h .,, ,I ,h,,, *.. *t i i ....'

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,M .l l W .l. it .. Il I ,i ,

Church of Christ
4561 N.W. 33rd Court

----- -i Order of Set

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St. John Baptist Church
1328 N.W. 3rd Avenue


I ~

Order of Services
Si,.,,i:llf u i i,(,,:d 30 iTi
M.-'71If 5iliichI l IILIa M
M,:iii, W ,i'hil I ii T,
PiouT aid Bii.r S ipdi
Meilul) |(uI } 0 pIn m

New Birth Baptist Church, The Cathedral of Faith International
2300 N.W. 135th Street

Order of Services
Sunday Worship 7 a.m.,
11 a.m., 7 p.m.
Sunday School 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday (Bible Study) 6:45p.m.
Wednesday Bible Study
10:45 a.m.

1 (800) 254-NBBC
Fax: 305-685-0705

i Ii I

Pembroke Park Church of Christ
3707 S.W. 56th Avenue Hollywood, FL 33023

lOrder of SerT I 'e ,
Sunday Biblk Study i nr, Mulriihih] Wiur.hip 10 i ii
SEvening Wlhip b p nm
S "' Wedneday enlrl Bibl, Sudy 30 p in
L T,', evdilv.i;in Priiogrui n Si oundrf inolrn
My.3l WSBf (omiaI 3 lSaurday /' 30 am .
-. I.,A t.,,pa I,1I,,.,, 1-i,,, 1, t'.1111,,. l.l iT

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First Baptist Missionary
Baptist Church of Brownsville
4600 NW 23rd Avenue
I ,t t I II ,
_-- --i Order of Services

I ,,,. I '" "
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The Celestial Federation
of Yahweh Male & Female
(Hebrew Israellites) Dan. 2:44
A-i-jIAI' r--I' -

Angels ot Freedom
Prison Ministries
P. 0. Box 26513
Jacksonville, FL 32226
Write for personal
appearance and Bible
Studies ol your prison

Friendship Missionary Baptist Church
740 N.W. 58th Street

H i. ii ,i f ri ,: ,, III 11 111 I h l', i I, nli r W ,i hl- h p 1 3 .11.1 1] 1
% 1 1llI l III fi llll W ,,r lll I1 I II ,i1 1 1 ,
Y..,h M i..ll h :r,,,ll W ,| l ll' f'.,,,, lr lllI W ,l ; i' "
Nfuilil, Al. h f'l.; IM F]
F,. ,], I l Ill .. ,1 + ri t,, W ,, lll I I l i III 0 1 111
11.1h,,, ,V I,,,. 1 h .., ,..." ,, ] lI .,l ,

93rd Street Community
Missionary Baptist Church
2330 N.W. 93rd Street

Order of Services
I \ 7:30 o.in [oErly Morning Worship
1.... a m 1 i.. Morning Worship
1 *: r.. 4.;,,,iW,, l,;,

... Mr. L^ 71

'N -- ;i I
* .il 50-i




Min. Harrell L. Henton

II Biho Ja e Dean AdI-amsII I






.... .. .. . '. .- ..... 4- .
,, . ., ., ,, ,, ,.. .,, . ., . . ,. .t, ... ... .. .., .,.. . ,,, , -,66i -.,.-, ...
,~~~~~~~i ... .'.=-,,'. 'Nm 'm l j.,,t!.;!, ,,;. ., .. ..,.,.I.
i ,. .( :,ert. .; l :,''... ..t--~z. 'Md. -- _.I' I I ., i.... .

Hadley Davis
stocker, died
March 29 at
Jackson Memo- -.
rial Hospital. .
Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday in the .
chapel. ,

WILLIE SANDERS, 85, entre-
preneur, died
March 30 at
North Shore
Hospital. Ser-
vice 10 a.m., in
the chapel.

driver, died April
1 at home. Ser- .*
vice 11 a.m., ,
Tuesday in the .
chapel. .,

JEROME JONES, 60, long-
shoreman lo-
cal#1416, died
March 31 at
home. Service 4 ...
p.m., Saturday-
in the chapel.
4 4

died March 29 -'
at Baptist Hos-
pital. Service 2
p.m. Saturday
in the chapel.

assistant, died
March 28 in
Miami Gardens.

graduated from
Miami Lakes
High School and
went on and completed his medical
administrative program at ATI.
He leaves behind his mom, dad,
three sisters, two brothers, and a
host of aunts, uncles, nieces,
nephews, grandparents, godparents
and friends. You will be in our hearts
forever. Sleep in heavenly peace.
We love you.
Service 10 a.m., Friday at
Maranatha SDA Church, 18900
NW 32 Avenue.

Nakia Ingraham
OSIE GRAVES, 80, retired,
died March
31 at home.
Service 10
a.m., Saturday -
at Gethsemane
Baptist Church. ,

March 28 at Aventura Hospital.
Service 10 a.m., Saturday at House
Of rGod

March 29 at home. S
a.m., Saturday at Int'l P
City Mission Church.

62, died March 27 at
Medical Center. Se
a.m., Saturday at Pea
Missionary Church.

truck driver, MATTIE PEARL SH
83, direct
childca re 4
died March 29
at home.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday April 7
at The Historic
S Mt. Zion Missionary Bap

Roberts Poitier
railroad worker, .- .
died March 27 /
at Pine Crest ,
Nursing Home. ', ,
Services were

66, rehab nurs-
ing assistant,
died March 10
at Jackson Me-
morial Hospital.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday in the

Gregg L. Ma

VA Hospital,
died March
1 RSurvivonrs

Carey Royal Ram'n
BERNARD A. MACK, 25, died
March 26 in
Miami. Service
11 a.m., Friday
in the chapel.

Hall Ferguson Hewitt
73, retired,
died March
30 at Jackson

Service 12 p.m.,
Saturday at
Rock of Ages
MB Church.

Wright and Young
cook, died i
March 24.
are incomplete.

MARIA F. JOHNSON, 60, retired

26, died t h e r a p y
Service 10 assistant, died
'entecostal March 28 at :
Jackson North
Medical Center.
GREENE, S u rvivors
Mt. Sinai include: loving
wrvice 11 daug hter,--
Alvaria Raines; son-in-law, Craig
Raines; four brothers; one sister;
four granddaughters; two great
S grandchildren; and a host of family
and friends.
Viewing 10 a.m.-8 p.m., Friday,
HEFFIELD, April 6 at Wright and Young Funeral
Home, 15332 NW 7th Avenue,

Saturday at 93rd Street Community
Baptist Church, 2330 NW 93rd
Street, Miami FL, 33147.

musician for
tist. St. James AME
-y- Church died
April 3. Services
ison noon, Saturday
at St. James
BURN, 75, AME Church.

include: devoted
Philip Hepburn;
UD ROBINSON, eight children,
grandchildren, great-grandchildren,
Brothers and sisters; a host other
relatives. Services were held.

h e Manker
78, custodian
-UlJiVr iaUi -I17

INEZ BURROWS, 91, beauti-
cian, died March
25. Service 1
p.m., Saturday u-
in the chapel.

died March 24 at
Claridge House
Nursing and
in cl u d e :
daughter, Cathy
Moore; sons, Ja
Marcus Wells. Vis
Friday at Sour
Funeral Home.
p.m., Saturday a
Missionary Baptist

OWN, 79, retired

supervisor, died
March 29 at
Jackson Memo-
rial Hospital.
Service 11 a.m.,
Thursday at An-
derson Temple
CC.O.C..C. I

March 28 in Albany, GA. Service 11
a.m., Saturday at Antioch M.B.
C'ht irr-h


nurse, died '
March 24
at Jackson
S Me m o ri al "'
Hospital. She ,,,
leave to mourn
mes, John and her passing
situation 6-9 p.m., two sisters,
then Memorial two brothers,
Service 12 two nieces, several grands, great
it Jordan Grove grand nieces and a host of friends.
t Church. Service 1 p.m., Saturday at St.
Luke Baptist Church.

Eric L. Wilson
JIMMIE LANE, 51, retired, died
March 30 in Ft. Lauderdale. Ser-
vice Saturday, April 6.

Obituaries are due by
4:30 p.m., Tuesday
Call 305-694-6210

Eric S. George
disabled, died March 29 atAventura
Hospital. Service 11 a.m., Saturday
at St.Paul A.M.E. in Miami.

domestic worker, died March 31 at
Memorial Pembroke. Service 2:30
p.m., Saturday at Ebenezer Miss.
Bapt. Church in Hallandale.

housekeeping, died April 1 at
Aventura Hospital. Service 1 p.m.,
Saturday at Ebenezer Miss. Bapt.
Church in Hallandale, FlI.

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

10/01/1930 04/02/2011

fiv m on. e.ar.. ...y.u

--- Mama, one year ago you
slept away from us to go with
the "Lord." There's not a day
that goes by that we don't
think of you. Your memories
will never be forgotten. We
shall love and miss you for-
ever and a day.
Your loving husband, chil-
,..* dren, grandchildren, great
grands, great great grands,
the rest of the family and

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,
05/31/1919-04/01/04 .

Happy Birthday X

In loving memory of,
-----___ ---1


12/13/1984 04/09/2011


carpenter, died March 27 at
Broward General Hospice. Service
11 a.m., Saturday at St. Henry
Catholic Church.

auto technician, died March 30
at Broward General Hospice.
Arrangements incomplete.

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,

f^ ~..^ ,

<"* rw1

04/23/1913 01/28/1985

The world's greatest mother,
father, and grandparents.
With love from, your chil-
dren and grandchildren.

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,
.,~~ 2-.

I think of you always, espe-
cially today.
It's been one year already. I
miss you so much.
Tee, from mom and family.
We love you, but God loves
you best.

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,

05/26/1926 04/06/2011

Although it's been a year, it
seems like yesterday.
Tears of joy are still in our
eyes and the love for you will
always remain in our hearts.
We love and miss you,
Your children and all
generations of grands, family
and friends.

Ada Sharpton

dies at 87

On Thurs-
day morn-
ing, March
22nd, Rev.
Al Sharp-
t o n s
87-year- -
old mother
Ada Sharp- -
ton passed
away in Dotha, Ala., follow-
ing a prolonged battle with
dementia and Alzheimer's,
, according to Sharpton's
. spokeswoman.
Rachel Noerdlinger says
Sharpton, who heads the Na-
tional Action Network, a civil
rights organization in New
York City, flew to Alabama
to make arrangements for
his mother's funeral after at-
tending a rally this evening
in Sanford, Fla., for Trayvon
Noerdlinger says Sharpton
learned of his mother's death
while boarding the flight to
Florida last week.


20th Birthday and first
away from home. Sunday will
be your birthday and you are
not here.
Our hearts have been bro-
ken; we've shed many tears.
Happy Birthday, Trevin, it's
your special day.
We hope you know how
much we miss and love you
Love, Dad and Mom


We think of you always but
especially today.
You will never be forgotten
although you are gone away.
Your memory is a keepsake
with which we never part.
God has you in his keeping;
we have you in our heart.
The Family.
Our hearts and prayers are
with you also.
RIP Trayvon Martin.

un r.

The Mliami Times

Lifesty e



SECTION C i,.B FL.r;l.:D., .L 4-10, 2012 THE MIAMI TIMES


Is she Miam

next diva?

Recent success an
her to Russia for t

By D. Kevin McNeir
Nicole Henry is fresh off impr
performances at Jazz in the Ga
several weeks ago and at last F
outdoor concert on the grounds
Museum of Contemporary Art.
also getting rave reviews about
fourth CD, "Embraceable." But
wasn't enough, she hopped a pl
early Saturday morning for Rus
where she'll be the headliner fo:
week stint. And" while the Miam
vocalist has already made a na:
herself here in South Florida an
several continents as a talented
preter of jazz and pop standard
latest endeavor shows she can

d hot CD takes
wo-week tour

master classics from the the 60s arnd
70s, as well as Brazilian favorites. She
is truly expanding her repertoire.
essive "I've always sung pop, R&B and in-
.rdens spirational music," she said. "Even as
riday's I've focused on jazz over the past sev-
sof the eral years, I've still continued perform-
She's ing non-jazz material. It often seemed
her like I was living two musical lives, so
if that I wanted to record an album that in-
ane corporate more of my overall musical
ssia personality."

r a two-
me for
id on
s, her

Nicole grew up in a musical family in
Bucks County, Pennsylvania and has
been a lover of the arts since she she
Please turn to HENRY 2C

Spike Lee settles

over wrongly

tweeted address

By Douglas Stanglin
An elderly Florida couple reached a settle-
ment with director Spike Lee after having
to flee their home after the director helped
spread an erroneous tweet that said their
home was the address for the man who shot
unarmed teen Trayvon Martin in Sanford,
"Spike has agreed to
compensate the McClains
for their loss and for the
disruption into their
lives," Morgan says, ac-
cording to the Associated
Press. "He's taken full
Responsibilityy" Specfics
of the settlement were not
Elaine McClain says SPIKE LEE
Lee had been "stressed
out" over the incident and his act was "just
a slip, and I know that he was really, really
"I feel he answered us right away, and we
really were not looking for any compensation,
just to be able to go back home," she says.
The McClains say they have a son named
William George Zimmerman, who lived in
their Sanford-area home in the mid-1990s,
but he is no relation to George Zimmerman,
28, who killed 17-year-old Trayvon Martin on
Feb. 26.
Lee had retweeted the address, posted by a
Los Angeles man, to his 240,000 followers.




for 2011


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The architectural brilliance of


Black architect gives back
to public housing projects

By D. Kevin McNeir
David Adjaye, 44, is a name you may not im-
mediately recognize but he's become a fixture
in the world of architecture and is what most
experts call a "rising star." His most recent
achievement was being chosen to design the
$500 million National Museum of African
American History and Culture, part of the

Smithsonian in Washington, D.C., that is
slated to open in 2015. However, his selection
should not be taken lightly. He beat out some
of the world's most established architects,
including Norman Foster, 74, Henry Cobb, 83
and Moshe Safdie, 71.
He has major cultural commissions that
include the Nobel Peace Center in Oslo and
has gotten considerable praise for work on the
Moscow School of Management and the Mu-
seum of Contemporary Art in Denver both
recently opened. And here's the caveat: Adjaye
is Black born in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
and the son of a Ghanaian diplomat. He's lived
Please turn to ADJAYE 4C

Brandi Johnson, Maria Spence

win big in community pageant


By D. Kevin McMeir
The precursor to the Miss
Florida and Miss Florida Teen
USA Pageant Miss Overtown
USA and Teen USA was
held a few weeks ago at Booker
T. Washington Senior High
School. It was the second time
that contestants have vied for
the title and the chance to
compete for scholarships and
numerous career opportunities
in what is quickly becoming
one of Overtown's more popu-
lar annual events.
Hosted by Nathalie Paza
and Justin Finch, the event
featured entertainment by the
Booker T.'s jazz band. Judges
included: Dr. Dorothy Ben-
dross-Mindingall, Miami-Dade
school board member; Jeffrey
Lubin, president of Lubin, Inc.;
Thelma Campbell, executive
director of Girl Power; Angel
Meyer, Ms. Plus Miami-Dade
County; and Talia Richards,
dance instructor. Martha Wells
served as the pageant director
along with Stefanie Fernandez,
who along with the Overtown
Rhythm & Arts Festival Board,
served as the pageant produc-
The winners, Marla Spence
and Brandi Johnson, took the
Miss Overtown and Miss Over-
town Teen titles, respectively.
As in similar competitions,
Please turn to PAGEANT 2C

'~ 7~, ~
~. A'

' A



Local beauty MARLA
SPENCE won the Miss Over-
town USA crown during the
second annual pageant held at
Booker T. Washington Senior
High School's auditorium on
Saturday, March 24th.

Local beauty BRANDI
JOHNSON was crowned
Miss Overtown Teen USA at the
second annual Miss Overtown
USA and Miss Overtown Teen
USA pageant.

MOCA exhibit puts spotlight on

photos and works of Purvis Young
Purvis Young is enjoying a rebirth of sorts here in On view in the MOCA's Lobby Gallery you can view a
South Florida and one that is certainly well deserved, premier exhibition of works by the late Young, donated
After a week of separate events at the Purvis Young to the museum by the Katzman Family Foundation. In
Art Museum showcasing many of Young's works along addition, a series of photographs taken by Bruce We-
with the creations of other Black artists that have been ber that show Purvis Young creating his masterpieces
inspired by him, the scene shifted last Wednesday to are now on display. Check it out! You won't be disap-
the Museum of Contemporary Art [MOCA]. pointed.

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BIyIDr...R .-hr .

.\- Dr. Enid C. Pinkney.
1 u'n. i.[', -r. -M I'. "II A m -n:.'l '
C i11T rt :( 0[ k ei']" Hent:I ic -
SI ,t ubi_, r'. ed Cecelia
Stewart pu ti ti-g trh- ': nih-lIir,
touch on the decorated
tables, while Leome Culmer,
script writer, collaborated
with narrator Lois H. Oliver,
the Hampton House Band
provided music with Lamar
Johnson singing "At Last."
Meanwhile, the crowd entered
and followed Gloria J. Green
who escorted them to their
respective seats.
Attorney Angela Culmer
broke the silence as she began
the skit of "Voices From The
Graves of the Miami City
Cemetery." The event's other
speakers included Reverend
Jesse Martin of the
Community Outreach Ministry
Baptist Church, Charlayne
W. Thompkins, and Becky
Roper Matkov, the CEO of the
Dade Heritage Trust.
Maude Newbold had the
honor of being the emcee. The
honorees of the Fourteenth

Happy birthday and
congratulations to a "grand"
lady, Mary "Puna" Bivins,
who celebrated her 84th
birthday on Saturday, March
24th at her home with a host
of church friends, family
in town and from out of
town who all enjoyed "The
Junkanoos" who concluded
the festivities.
Congratulations goes out
to Mount Olivette Baptist
Church and its members
who are enjoying their 100th
anniversary. Rev. S.A.
Samson was its first minister
from Coconut Grove Days
Happy wedding anniversary
greeting go out to Kevan
and Hilda March which was

H I-Annua t'o', n Mcnr
HiLton M..rrh ..
[.L. ic!, .:n ..l the a t '-e
Legion Memrnril l
Hall included .. -........
Oliver, Norma
Culmer Mims, Charlotte
Bannister, Dr. Gay Outler,
Merline R. Johnson,
Aundrella Hamed, Natalia
E. Lightbourne, Charesse
Chester, and Marie Nabbie
Hats are off to
those who made the
program a success,
such as researchers/
contributors Leome
S. Culmer, Angela
M. Culmer, Esq., .j
Dr. Dorothy Field,
Maud Newbold,
Herman Bannister, MA
Norma Mims, Bertha
Sneed, Gwendolyn
Welters, Johnnice Johnson,
Gwen Wilson, Barbara
Kee, Bernadette Poitier,
Vennada Reo Gibson,
Dorothy Graham, Louise P.
Payne, Marie Marlin, and

on March 25th. I
Our get well v
prayers go out to
Among those whc
positive thoughts
Smith-Tynes, Na
Adams, Philip
Louise H. Clear
B. Farrington,
Funches, Prince
Thelma Dean,
McKinney, V
Gibson, Winston
Yvonne John
and Jackie Living
The National
of Negro Busi:
Professional Wom


Georgiana Bethe.
Also much
appreciation to Frank
Pinkney and the
men from the tree ,
of knowledge: Isaac '
Ford, Robert Forbes,
Horace McGraw,
Dwight Walker and
Mark Williams. Ruth NEW
Copeland, Cleora
Brooks, Mary Walton,
Louvonia Robinson, Laurice
Hepburn. W. Wallace Neal,
Wilfred McKenzie and
daughter, Ruby Rayford,
Kathlene Hepburn-Okehi,
Tracy Martin, Elsaida
Anders, Mary Bannerman,
Ernestine Williams,
Penny Lambeth and
yours truly.
March Madness
also included The
,.' National Sorority
J"" of Phi Delta Kappa,
Incorporated Alpha
Delta Chapter
RTIN 70th Anniversary
Celebration ,
Saturday, March 24,
at the El Palacio Sport Hotel
and Conference Center. The
celebration included a grand
march with recognition of
the founding members Berti
Baldwin, Maude Ellison, Alise




.. H Inc. held its 54th Southeast
District Conference, March
15th 18th, in Miami at
the Doubletree Miami
Mart Airport Hotel. District
Governor Juanita Miller
t was their (of North Carolina) directed
the entire event and was re-
Aishes and elected as district governor.
all of you! The Miami-Dade Club was
o need our the host club and under
are Inez the leadership of Wylene
on, Grace Robinson, who did an
n, Julia outstanding job assisting
omi Allen- in the planning and
Wallace, selecting the speakers. Local
e, Elouise speakers, Rosetta Hylton
Shirley N. (organ donation), Shirlyon
tss Lamb, McWhorter-Jones (president
Ella Mae of Miami Alumni Chapter of
'ennda-Rei Delta Sigma Theta) and Eve
Scavella, Wright Taylor (associate
son-Gaitor counsel for the Miami Heat)
gston, set the tone with outstanding
Association messages to district
ness and attendees. Maya Thurston, a
ien's Club, graduating senior at Turner

Gill, Marie House,
lona Humbert, Mary
Johnson, Emma
McBride, Cloretta
Pearsall, Elizabeth
Pittman, Bertha
Sharpe, Effie Sutton,
Chloe Sweeting,
Emily C. Thomas,
(OLD Flossie Tucker,
Estelle M. Williams,
and Susie Francis, the only
living founder.
The officers and members of
2012 entered in their regalia
of red dresses and chapter
sashes, and among them
walked Mary F. Allen, Mary
L. Dunn, Eva Betterson,
Carolyn Clark, Naomi Smith,
Gloria Starks, Martha
Howell, Viola Roundtree,
Erma Carter, Regina Bruton,
Fredericka Brown, Ira Fisher,
Dr. Lillian Cooper, Ann
Wyche, Freddie and Audrey
Kineard, Mary Jackson, and
Willie M. Williams.
Special salutes go out to
Althea Sampler, flutist, and
Angela Adams-Johnson,
singer and the Impact group
consisting of David Melvin,
Timothy Edmond, Dan'te
Lainge, Ariel Clouden, Paris
Solomon, Terrell Melvin and
Lanjah Grier while Dr. Cooper,

Tech, won second place in
the district oratorical contest.
South Florida Club attendees
included: Kathleen
Thurston (president),
Nancy Dawkins, Martha
Day, Nikki Baker, Regina
Francois, Anna Cohens,
Regina Hudson and Aquilla
Williams. Miami-Dade Club
attendees included: Wylene
Robinson (president), Dr.
Deborah Allen, Lillian
Floyd-Ross, MaeDeon Reid
and Roberta Felton. Local
entrepreneur Nikki Baker
published a superb souvenir
journal though her company,
SuperFlyers-Miami. Two
local graduating seniors,
May Thurston and Kyra
Williams, participated in the
district's "Rites of Passage."
Deceased members Ollie
Williams and Barbara Walls
were given a special tribute
during the memorial service.

Principal, COPE North, kept
the audience happy with her
stylish emceeing. Steppers
consisted of Diane Wilson,
Sherly Stebbins, Betty P.
Williams, Pamela Ford and
Irene Wilfork.
Cupidine Dean added to
the program by introducing
Delores D. Hills and Dunn
saluting yours truly with
a plaque for community
leadership, while special
awards were given to Bruton,
Betterson, Fisher, ..
Clark and Howell.
Wilfred McPhee, Jr.,
the son of Wilfred and
Caroline McPhee left
a legacy as a member
of the Invincible Class
of '46, met his wife,
Anna Evans when
he matriculated at DU
College and became the father
of Shelia Jackson, Jacquelyn
James, Muriel Solomon and
Tayloria Johnson.
His services and repast
brought the family together, as
well as Lone B. Mathis, Israel
Melton, Louise Tolliver,
yours truly, president, to
pay tribute to a well-beloved
Dorsey High running back.
Kudos go out to the editor

The Junkanoo Band paid a
special visit to get everyone
out of their seats. Only Miami
can put on such a good time.
To all my "Tornados," do you
remember how great Barbara
Williams-Kee was (and still
is) doing during our high
school days? Well, come to
St. Agnes Episcopal Church
and you can hear this song
bird's melodious voice in the
choir any Sunday. Enjoyed
your solos very much at our
final Lenten service at St.
Agnes last Sunday, Barbara!
You still have that melodious
Karen Bullard-Jordan
enjoyed her visit to the
Bahamas. She also flew up
to "Rum Cay" home of the
"Strachan" family. Karen
was the house guest of her
aunts, Patrona Major and
Shirley Strachan, and her
cousin, Jackie Seymor.

of the Miami Times for the
immediate publishing last
Wednesday of the saga of
Trayvon Martin whose death
has motivated 31 school
students to walk out protesting
this action. Renita Holmes,
activist, was at the corner of
62nd and 12th Ave motivating
the people in Liberty City to
join other cities protest efforts.
Joining Holmes were Pi Nu
Omega men Joshua R. Jones,
Al Menmar, Com. Richard
P. Dunn, Pat Range,
"' students from Liberty
Square Program attired
in pink, the .CEO of
Hot 105. Daryl Oden
,. and wife, Shelbe,
['. and Daryl Jr., Dr. K.
McNeil, writing notes
and Ronald Fulton,
NN uncle of Trayvon.
Congratulations to
Carey Hart, stage manager,
Shirley Richardson, costume
design, and Patricia Williams,
prop design, ofThe M Ensemble
Company for providing the
community with "Harlem
Duet" by Lowell Williams and
starring Christina Alexander,
John Archie, Yaya Browne,
Rachel Finley, Ethan Henry,
and Robia Martino. Stay
tuned for more info.

Congratulations to my
Soror Stephanye Johnson
who has been accepted as
an inaugural member of
the South Florida CRED
(certificate in community real
estate development) Class of
Hearty congratulations to
the 20, 2013 Black women
listed of whom we are most
proud. These exceptional
women are Georgiana
Johnson Bethel, Alice
W. Johnson, Rebecca
"Butterfly" Vaughns,
Commissioner Juanita
Smith, Charlie Powell
Albury, Florene Litthcut-
Nichols, Mary Alyce
Treadwell Martin, Eunice
W. Liberty, Vickie M.
Smith Jackson, Dorothy
W. Graham, Mary Williams
Woodard and Delta Sigma
Theta Sorority and all Black
women throughout the world!

Miami's songbird: Nicole Henry

continued from 1C

first began to walk. She sang
in school and in church,
learned how to play the cello
and studied ballet. Her ma-
jor sources of inspiration,
she says, are Aretha Frank-
lin, Marvin Gaye and Stevie
Wonder, along with an aunt,
Debbie Henry, who sang with
the soul/disco group Silk. But
Henry has done more than
dream about the future she
has worked hard to develop

her skills, earning a degree
at the University of Miami in
communications and theatre.
After that, she made her way
as a budding actress, shot a
few commercials and did sev-
eral voiceover projects.
But according to Henry, her
focus has always been to be-
come a successful vocalist. In
2002, she was named Best Lo-
cal Solo Musician by the Mi-
ami New Times. It was in that
same year that she had the
chance to sing with a jazz trio
for the first time. She can now

be heard on jazz radio world-
wide and has been featured
in some of the industry's top
publications including: Bill-
board, JazzTimes and Down-
"I'm happiest when I'm in
front of an audience, con-
necting with people emotion-
ally through music mak-
ing "Embraceable" brought
me closer to that feeling,"
she said. "I was able to reach
deeper within to tell more per-
sonal stories; to embrace and
express who I truly am."


-Photo Credit Vince Bennett
The second annual Miss Overtown USA and Miss Overtown Teen USA pageant was
held last weekend and has become a local favorite. Pictured are: Rolaunda Bennett (1-r),
Shamarah Robbins, Ashae Spencer, Ashley Jeanly, Benesha Bellamy, Miss Overtown Teen
USA Brandi Johnson, Commissioner Michelle Spence-Jones, Miss Overtown winner Maria
Spence, first runner up Gabriella Nelson, second runner up Tytiana Haynes and third run-
ner up Mita Polynice.

Beauty regions at Miss Overtown pageant

continued from 1C

the ladies donned swimsuits, evening gown
and then faced on-stage interviews before
the winners were chosen. Among the prizes
were a $500 sponsorship for national compe-
tition, a modeling portfolio courtesy of Vince

Bennett, and gowns or gift certificates from
Regalia, La Casa Hermosa and Moselle's Bou-
Look for Marla and Brandi in the Miss Flor-
ida USA pageant later this spring.
The event was also co-sponsored by the Mi-
ami Community Redevelopment Agency [CRA]
and Miami-Dade County Public Schools.


2C THE MIAM illfit-. APRIL 4-10, 2012

By Ann Sw"" in





4 MI-, --L'V U

The Progressive
Officers Club is offering
$1000 scholarships to Miami-
Dade and Broward Counties
2012 graduating seniors!
Applicants must already be
accepted into an institution
of higher learning for the
fall semester. Request an
application by sending a
letter or postcard by April
22nd to: Attention: Education
Assistance Award Program,
Progressive Officers Club,
P.O. Box 680398, Miami, Fla

Miami Jackson Senior
High School class of 1973
is having their 40th Reunion
on June 14-16, 2013. For
additional information, please
call Ethel Davis at 305-469-

Join the "Wholeness
Movement" at the C.L.
Gaskin Center to take healthy
cooking classes, personal
trainer consultations and BMI
Testings, Monday Saturday,
7 a.m. 2 p.m. 305-607-

0 The Beautiful Gate
is hosting free cancer
educational workshops at the
Austin Hepburn Community
Center, 750 NW 8th Avenue
in Hallandale. Each session
will be dedicated to a different
form of cancer. A breast
cancer workshop will be held
on May 19th; cervical cancer
workshop on July 21st; and a
lung cancer workshop on Sept.
15th. For more information,
please call 305-758-3412 or
e-mail thebeautifulgate@

Booker T. Washington
Class of 1960 meets the 3rd
Saturday of each month at the

African Heritage Cultural Arts
Center at 4 p.m. For more
information contact Cornelia
Sands at 305-308-0176.

Booker T. Washington
1962 Alumni Class is
planning their 50th Class
Reunion on June 24 July 1
and invites all members to
upcoming meetings, held the
first Saturday of every month,
at 4 p.m. at the African
Heritage Cultural Center,
6161 NW 22nd Avenue.
For additional information,
contact Helen Tharpes
Boneparte 305-691-1333 or
Lonzie Nichols 305-835-6588.

Miami Northwestern
Class of 1967 meets on the
2nd Wednesday of the month
at7 p.m. at the home of Queen
Hall, 870 NW 168th Drive. We
are in the process of planning
our 45th Reunion. For more
information contact Elaine
at 786 227-7397 or www.

Northwestern Class
of 1962 meets on the 2nd
Saturday of each month at 4
p.m. at the African Heritage
Cultural Arts Center. We are
beginning to make plans
for our 50th Reunion. For
information contact Evelyn at

Booker T. Washington
Class of 1967 meets the 3rd
Saturday of each month at
the African Heritage Cultural
Arts Center. For information
contact Lucius King at 305-

The National Coalition
of 100 Black Women -
Greater Miami Chapter
is accepting applications
for girls ages 12-18 to

participate in Just Us Girls
Mentoring Program. Monthly
sessions will be held every
3rd Saturday 10 a.m.-12 p.m.
thru June at the Carrie Meek
Center at Hadley Park, 1350
NW 50th Street. Call 1-800-
658-1292 for information.

I- Liberty City Farmers
Market will be open each
Thursday, 12-5 p.m. and
Saturday, 11 a.m.- 4 p.m.
at TACOLCY Park until May
2012. For information call
954-235-2601 or 305-751-
1295 ext. 107.

New Beginning Baptist
Church of Deliverance of
All Nations invites you to
weight loss classes the 1st
and 3rd Saturday of every
month. Lose sins while you
lose weight. Contact Sister
McDonald at 786-499-2896.

Range Park is offering
free self-defense/karate
classes for children and adults
each Monday and Wednesday
from 6 8 p.m. The location
is 525 NW 62nd Street. For
more information call 305-
757-7961 or contact Clayton
Powell at 786-306-6442.

Chai Community
Services food program is
taking applications from
grandparents raising their
grandchildren. All services
are free. For applications call

Dads for Justice,
a program under Chai
Community Services, assists
non-custodial parents
through Miami-Dade State
Attorney's Office with child
support modifications
and visitation rights. For
information or to schedule
an appointment call 786-273-

Jewels Baton Twirling
Academy is now accepting
registration for the 2012

season. Open to those who
attend any elementary
schools within the 33147,
33142 or 33150 zip codes
and actively attend church.
Contact Elder Tanya Jackson
at 786-357-4939 to sign up.

M Resources for Veterans
Sacred Trust offers
affordable and supporting
housing assistance, family
resiliency training and other
resources for low-income
veteran families facing
homelessness or challenges
maintaining housing stability
in Broward and Dade
counties. Call 855-778-3411
or visit www.411Veterans.
com for more information.

M Solid Rock Enterprise,
Inc. Restorative Justice
Academy offers free
consultation if your child is
experiencing problems with
bullies, fighting, disruptive
school behaviors sibling
conflicts and/or poor academic
performance. For information
call 786-488-4792 or visit

Miami-Dade County
Community Action &
Human Services Head
Start/Early Head Start
Open EnrollmentCampaign
for free comprehensive
child care is underway for
pregnant women and children
ages 2 months to 5 years of
age residing in Miami-Dade
County. Applications and
a list of Head Start Centers
are available at www.
miamidade.gov/cahs or call
786 469-4622 for additional

Looking for all Evans
County High School Alumni
to create a South Florida
Alumni Contact Roster. If you
attended or graduated from
Evans County High School
in Claxton, Georgia, contact
305-829-1345 or 786-514-

S.A.V. (Survivors
Against Violence) is a Bible-
based program for young
people and meets at Betty
T. Ferguson Center in Miami
Gardens each week. For
information contact Minister
Eric Robinson at 954-548-
4323 or www.savingfamilies.

N Empowerment
Tutoring in Miami Gardens
offers free tutoring with
trained teachers. For
information call 305-654-

7 Merry Poppins
in Miami has free open
enrollment for VPK, all-day
program. For information
contact Lakeysha Anderson
at 305-693-1008.

M This is it! A local
softball team for healthy
ladies who are 50+ years
old is ready to start and
only needs 15 more players!
Many different experience
levels are welcome! So
come on and join to have
fun, get a good workout
and fellowship with other
women in the community.
For information, call Coach
Rozier at 305-389-0288 or
Gloria at 305-688-3322.

Looking for all former
Montanari employees to
get reacquainted. Meetings
are held on the last Saturday
of each month at 9 a.m. For
information contact Loletta
Forbes at 786-593-9687
or Elijah Lewis at 305-469-

Miami Jackson and
Miami Northwestern
Alumni Associations are
calling all former basketball
players and cheerleaders
for the upcoming 2012
Alumni Charity Basketball
game. Generals call 786-
419-5805, Bulls call 786-

873-5992, for information.

Miami Jackson Senior
High class of 92 is currently
planning a 20th year reunion.
If you are a 92 graduate,
please contact the committee
president Herbert Roach at

SGreat Crowd Ministries
presents South Florida
Gospel Festival at Amelia
Earhart Park on Saturday,
June 30th from 11 a.m.- 6
p.m. For information contact
Constance Koon-Johnson at

Chai Community
Services will host a job fair
on April 21st from 10 a.m.
to 2 p.m. for administrative,
professional medical,
educational, social service,
culinary and housekeeping
positions. For more
information, please call
786-657-2072 or visit www.

Urban Partnership
Drug-Free Community
Coalition will hold their
monthly meeting on
Thursday, April 26th at
the City of Miami North
District Police Sub-Station,
1000 NW 62nd Street. The
Coalition is dedicated to
the reduction/prevention
of youth substance abuse
and underage drinking in
the greater Liberty City
and Little Haiti communities
of Miami-Dade County.
Contact Vivilora D.
Perkins Smith, 305-218-
0783 or vperkinssmith@

Miami Northwestern
class of 1959 is sponsoring
a six day-five night trip to the
Biltmore Estate, Asheville,
N.C., May 27-June 1st. For
information call Barbara,
305-688-209; Joyce, 305-
836-0057 or Pat, 305-758-

Rihanna: Playing ; I

Whitney Houston

would be'huge'

By Ann Oldenburg

Rihanna left her blond look be-
hind, opting for dark hair today
at the Battleship press confer-
ence on the USS George Wash-
ington in Yokosuka, Japan. She
even appeared to have shaved a
bit off the side of her head.
Rihanna was asked if she is
in the running to play Whitney
Houston in an upcoming ru-
mored biopic.
"I didn't get that call yet," said
the singer/actress, 24, adding:
"That would be something that I .
would have to give my entire life
to do because I would want to
really pull it off. That's a huge, 0
huge role and whoever does it has
to do a good job."

Actress Rihanna attends
the press conference for
the film "Battleship" on the
deck of the USS George
Washington(CVN73) at U.S.
Fleet Activities Yokosuka, in
Yokosuka, Kanagawa prefec-
ture, Japan, on April 2, 2012.
The film will open on April 13
in Japan.

Black British architect is on a roll

continued from 1C

in Yemen, Lebanon and then
London when he was nine.
And he has been prepared for
greatness privately-edu-
cated with a Bachelor of Arts
from London South Bank
University and a Master of
Arts from the Royal College of
Adjaye was in Miami sev-
eral months ago, making new
friends, observing the archi-
tecture of Miami and enjoy-
ing the accolades that come
with being chosen as Design
Miami's Designer of the Year
for 2011. But while some want
to pretend that it doesn't ex-
ist, Adjaye knows that he has
reached a place of prominence
that is unique for a man of

color and that in his field, he
sticks out like a sore thumb.
"People say I'm an African
architect but even saying 'Af-
rican' is way too general," he
says. "I'm Ghanaian. That's
my sensibility. Technique is
what I've learned from the
West. So I say I'm a British-
Ghanaian architect."

Adjaye is without question
an "A-list" architect. But what
sets him apart from his col-
leagues is that while he keeps
getting major institutional
projects with very large bud-
gets, he also goes for smaller,
charity-driven ones social-
ly-minded public projects -
like the flood-resistant homes
in New Orleans or Idea Stores,

a new age library in one of Lon-
don's working class neighbor-
hoods that is fused with a com-
munity center. The center has a
children's play area, computer
center, cafe and outdoor mar-
ket. This is where Adjaye says
he finds his real inspiration.
"My research, my interest is
in the social aspects of the pro-
duction of architecture how
it influences society and what
it is in different parts of the
In what is aptly-described as
a white man's profession, Ad-
jaye's race and youthful exu-
berance are a wonderful com-
bination. Still, he realizes that
it's almost impossible to escape
the race question.
"Race is the elephant in the
room every room," he said.
"Yes, I am a Black architect."

.. ,.-. . .
-: '^ d '-, -'" ' / ^ ^ &







MIAMI, FL 33132

Visit www.greatermiamilinksinc.org or call 305-788-5180 for ticket information.

-. .t. .


Family of Trayvon Martin say,

"There is no place like


w' 'e in MNr
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get online

Florida, Google, Intuit

to offer free website

By Marcia Heroux Pounds

How to jump start small business job
creation in Florida? Google is team-
ing with Intuit and the Gov. Rick Scott
to offer a free website design, a free
domain name and
free server hosting *
for a year. ""
While 97 per-
cent of consumers ..- '
go online to look ..
for local products [
and services, 68 3f".
percent of small -
businesses in
Florida lack an on-
line presence, ac- SCOTT
cording to Google.
Free web hosting and a domain name
could save a sole proprietor $84 or more
a year.
Florida businesses can go to http://
www.floridagetonline.com get the free
website as well as free tools, training
and resources to help their business
succeed online.
"The perception that getting online is
complex, costly and time-consuming
has prevented many Florida small
businesses from taking the first step,"
said Scott Levitan, director of small
business engagement at Google. "This
program makes it fast, easy and free for

'Anything that

helps small



technology is a

good thing."
President of Host.net in Fort
Lauderdale and the South
Florida Technology Alliance

businesses to
get online."
About 95
percent of the
businesses in
Florida and
the region are
considered a
"small busi-
ness," which
can be up to
500 employ-
ees. Google is
targeting busi-
ness with 25 or
fewer employ-
ees for the offer.
As part of
the program,
Google is

free workshops to small businesses
in Miami on April 3 and April 4 at the
Adrienne Arsht Center for the Perform-
ing Arts, Knight Concert Hall, 1300
Biscayne Boulevard. Businesses can
register for the free workshops at www.
Still, the free website is a basic, three-
page model. It doesn't give small busi-
nesses the ability to do transactions
To do transactions, businesses needed
a more sophisticated website that can
safely house data, said Lenny Chesal,
president of Host.net in Fort Lauderdale
and the South Florida Technology Alli-
But, "anything that helps small busi-
nesses leverage technology is a good
thing. Free is beautiful," Chesal said.
Host.net only works with larger com-
panies and organizations, but small
firms often useGoDaddy.comto buy a
Please tun to ONLINE 8D

,~ ..,


Many people are wearing T-shirts to show support for Trayvon Martin, a Florida teen who was kill
by a neighborhood watch captain. ., .. .



case turns

into brand

The Associated Press

MIAMI From the T-shirt and
hoodie sales to trademarking
slogans like "Justice for Trayvon"
to the pass-the-hat rallies that
bring in thousands, the case of an
unarmed Black teenager killed by
a neighborhood watch volunteer is
quickly turning into an Internet-
fueled brand.
Websites are hawking key
chains bearing Trayvon Martin's
likeness. His parents have bought
two trademarks, saying they hope
to raise money to help other fami-

lies struck by tragedy. Trayvon
clothes, bumper stickers, buttons
and posters are up for grabs on
Vendors selling Martin T-shirts
and hoodies have become fixtures
at rallies in Sanford, the central
Florida town where Martin was
shot last month. At one Sanford
rally this week, a man had a
variety of T-shirts laid out on the
ground as marchers went by, yell-
ing out, "I've got every size!"
The Martin shooting by neigh-
borhood watch volunteer George
Zimmerman, who says he shot

the 17-year-old Miami teen in
self-defense, has inflamed ra-
cial tensions across the country,
brought out thousands for rallies
prompted a civil rights probe and
a personal reference to the case
by President Barack Obama.
A phenomenon on that scale
is bound to be commercialized,
said Donna Hoffman, a market-
ing professor at the University of
"People can start to wear their
feelings and emotions. It makes
sense, even if there's a profit
Please turn to MARTIN 8D

0 0.0 0 0.S 0 S0 0 S0 0 o 0 o *o0SaS** *o0o0o0o. a 00 00S*00S.*S.* 0 *

OPRAH WINFREY, media mogul Winfrey remains
the sole Black, female billionaire in the world.

PATRICE MOTSEPE, South Africa's first
and only Black billionaire.

Forbes: World's Black billionaries

By Kunbi Tinuoye

Every year, Forbes magazine
releases its list of the richest
people on the planet. Out of the
1,226 people who made this year's
"Forbes Billionaires List," only six
are Black and just one is Ameri-

can: Oprah Winfrey.
With a net worth of $2.7 billion,
media mogul Winfrey remains
the sole Black, female billionaire
in the world, despite a tough first
year for her cable channel the
Oprah Winfrey Network (OWN).
OWN is a joint venture between

her Harpo Productions and Dis-
covery, and has been marked by
disappointing ratings and turn-
over at the top. The channel's chief
executive, Christina Norman, for
instance, left just months after the
channel launched.
Please turn to FORBES 8D


jobs to gain

U.S. visas

Developers break

ground on Miramar

office complex funded

Sby overseas investors

By Doreen Hemlock
Developers will break ground Thurs-
day on a $17 million office complex
in Miramar funded mainly by South
Americans investing as a way to get
U.S. residency.
It's the first new office complex in the
Miramar market in three years and the
first project to start building in Broward
County under a much-touted, employ-
ment-based U.S. visa program known
as EB-5.
The.EB-5 program is designed to
encourage investment from abroad to
create U.S. jobs. It lets foreign inves-
tors and their families live and work in
the United States if they invest at least
$500,000 and create at least 10 jobs
within two years.
Many South Florida developers have
been courting EB-5 investors in China,
South America and other areas world-
wide since the financial crisis of 2008
slashed U.S. financing for real estate
s, The Miramar project has an initial
$5.5 million in EB-5 funding or
$500,000 each from 11 investors from
Venezuela, Argentina and Spain, devel-
opers said.
Please turn to VISAS 8D

Low interest rates

putting cash in

Americans' pockets
By Dennis Cauchon

A historic drop in interest rates is
helping U.S. households save more
than $3,000 a year on average, allow-
ing consumers to spend more even
as their earnings fall, a USA TODAY
analysis finds.'
Americans spent 5.8 percent of their
after-tax income paying interest on
mortgages, credit cards, car loans and
other debt, according to the latest data
from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
That's the smallest share since 1977
and a steep drop from a record high of
9.1 percent in 2007.
The result: Low interest rates are
reshaping household budgets and con-
sumer spending, showing the econom-
ic force of the Federal Reserve's un-
precedented effort to reduce mortgage
and other long-term rates to restore an
economy that was near collapse four
years ago.
Household interest payments fell to
an average of $469 per month at the
end of last year, down from a peak of
$728 in 2007, after adjusting for infla-
tion. That equals $3,100 a year.
Three-fourths of the interest savings
stem from falling rates, the rest from a
reduction in debt.
Mortgage interest payments are
down 30 percent from their 2007
Please turn to CASH 8D

What does it cost to rent a Negro leader? Less than you might think.

By William Reed
NNPA columnist

Did you see George Clooney
getting arrested in front of the
Sudanese Embassy in Wash-
ington, D.C.? The Hollywood
activist brought his "A-Team"
for the latest demonization
of the Islamic government of
the Republic of Sudan: his
father Nick, civil rights lead-
ers Martin Luther King III,
NAACP President Ben Jeal-
ous and actor and comedian
Dick Gregory. And there were
others: Black Rep. Al Green
from Houston, Massachu-

setts Reps. James McGovern
and John Olver and Rep. Jim
Moran of Virginia.
How King allowed himself
to be cast as a bit-player in
the show is questionable; but
participants such as Green
looks at his role and arrest
like a badge of honor.
The protest had the legend-
ary King name but many of
us doubt that Martin, the fa-
ther, would have placed his
credibility among such a lot.
Anti-Sudan activists have
misled the American public
on Sudan for decades and
the spectacle in front of the

Sudan Embassy .-.
was an endorse- /
ment of the reb-
els the Americans ,
support in south-
ern and eastern ,
regions of Su-
dan. The record
over past decades
shows that Amer-
ica's imperialist
policies have sup- REED
ported separatist REE
movements in the south of
Sudan, particularly in areas
where oil was found.
U.S. intervention on the side
of rebel forces during the long

civil war is long and
permanent. Forces
such as Clooney and
his colleagues caused
the division of Africa's
largest country into
the oil-rich South
and the diminished
North. The cause of
,.i Clooney and cohorts
'.'J is "regime change."
The Sudan Cam-
paigns reek with im-
perialism and buffoonery and
much care should be taken
before one casts their lot with
them. Clooney is no friend of
these Africans and there's no

evidence that he's done any-
thing to positively affect the
lives of people on the ground
in Sudan. "Caution" should
be exercised regarding these
"slam Sudan" activists. They
have manufactured media
events and stories that dis-
torted situations in the re-
gion. It was through, what
Louis Farrakhan calls "de-
ceitful practices" that these
activists successfully brought
about the division of Sudan.
A critical look reveals these
campaigns to be rife with im-
perialist policies and practic-
es that further demonize Arab

and Muslim people. People in
Congress, like Green, need to
be less parochial and prog-
ress toward the "construc-
tive engagement we need to
pursue with the country and
people of Sudan," not new lies
that advocate the overthrow
of the Sudanese government.
Unfortunately, the family of
Martin Luther King, Jr. has
done plenty over the last de-
cades to tarnish his legacy.
Marty sullied his father's im-
age and legacy for a speaker
fee, travel and lodging to be
a bit-player in the Clooney


"y l


CEO pay rises

again in 2011,

at slower pace

Workers struggle to find work

By Matt Krantz and Barbara Hansen

Executives who successfully steered their
companies through the quagmire of reces-
sion are now reaping their rewards al-
though some CEOs might have hoped there
would be more.
As companies get healthier, employees'
average pay rises and stock prices soar, 2011
brought a year of slight raises for CEOs.
While another year of raises comes off one of
the biggest increases ever for executive pay
in 2010, it wasn't the bonanza CEOs have
seen in prior years. Meanwhile, unemploy-
ment remains high for most workers.
The annual reporting season for executive
pay is in high gear. So far, the tally shows
the median CEO pay in 2011 rose two per-
cent to $9.6 million, based on 138 Standard
& Poor's 500 companies that have reported
CEO pay this year and that had the same
CEO for all of 2010 and 2011, according to
the USA TODAY analysis of data from GMI
Ratings on proxies that have already been
The backdrop now makes the increases in
CEO pay a little easier for investors to stom-
ach. There's a powerful, steady rally that
has doubled stock prices from the depths of
the bear market, and companies are setting
records in financial performance. S&P 500
companies reported record profit and cash
piles in 2011 and are shelling out dividends
of never-before-seen sizes to shareholders.
A two percent raise in 2011 might not seem
like much, given some of the double-digit
raises CEOs have gotten in years past and
given that S&P 500 corporate profit rose 15
percent in 2011. But this latest raise in CEO
pay comes just one year after the captains
of American business saw their haul climb
back toward pre-recession levels thanks to
one of their biggest increases in pay in years.
The latest rise shows that despite the
hand-wringing in recent years over the
large pay packages many CEOs receive and
attempts to reform, the boards are right
back to approving increases, says Eleanor
Bloxham, CEO of the Value Alliance. "Many
board members think CEOs are overpaid,
but they have not yet figured out what they
need to do to say, 'No,' Bloxham says.
Meanwhile, CEO pay continues to escalate
even as companies only slowly add to their
payrolls. Despite some hiring growth, the
unemployment rate remains stubbornly high
at 8.3 percent in February. Employees are
starting to see some wage growth, too. Aver
Please turn to CEO 8D

Mortgage rates dip,

helps home buyers

By Christopher S. Rugaber

WASHINGTON The average U.S. rate on
the 30-year fixed mortgage fell back below
four percent this week, staying near historic
Mortgage buyer Freddie Mac said Thurs-
day that the rate on the 30-year loan
dropped to 3.99% from 4.08 percent last
week. Last month, the rate touched 3.87 per-
cent, the lowest since long-term mortgages
began in the 1950s.
The average rate on the 15-year fixed mort-
gage also fell. to 3.23 percent. That's down
from 3.30 percent last week and above the
record low of 3.13 percent hit earlier this
The low rates have made home-buying and
refinancing more affordable at a time when
the housing market is flashing small signs
of improvement. Still, most economists say it
will take years for the market to fully recover
from the housing btust.
January and February made up the best
winter for re-sales in five years, when "the
housing crisis began. And builders are more
confident about the market. In February,
they requested the most permits to build
single-family homes and apartments since
October 2008.
An improved job market may also be help-
ing home sales. Employers have added an
average 245,000 net jobs per month from
December through February. That has
helped reduce the unemployment rate to
8.3 percent, the lowest level in nearly three
Rates rose a bit earlier this month after
positive economic news pushed up yields on
U.S. Treasury bonds. Mortgage rates then to
track the yield on the 10-year Treasury note.
An improving economic outlook can lead
investors to shift money from Treasury
bonds to stocks. That pushes up Treasury
Even with signs of improvement in hous-
ing, home prices continue to fall. Millions
of foreclosures and short sales when a
lender accepts less than what is owed on
a mortgage remain on the market. And
the housing crisis and recession have also
persuaded many Americans to rent instead
of buy, which has led to a drop in homeown-


for all Regions of the MDCPS Maintenance Operations
Contract # JOC12-C1

for all Regions of the MDCPS Maintenance Operations
Contract # JOC12-C2

for all Regions of the MDCPS Maintenance Operations
Contract # JOC12-C3

This contract is only open to those bidders which have been pre-qualified as General Contractors by The School Board of Miami-Dade County. Florida.

Cone of Silence: A Cone of Silence is applicable to this competitive solicitation. Any inquiry, clarification or information regarding this bid must be in requested in
writing by FAX or e-mail to:

Mr. Michael Krtausch, Director
Maintenance Operations
FAX #305-995-7964
E-mail: mkrtausch@dadeschools.net

Pursuant to School Board Rule 6325, a Cone of Silence is enacted beginning with issuance of the Legal Advertisement and ending at such time as the Superin-
tendent of Schools submits a written recommendation to award or approve a contract, to reject all bids or responses, or otherwise takes action which ends the
solicitation and review process. Any violation of the Cone of Silence may be punishable as provided for under School Board Rule 6325, in addition to any other
penalty provided by law. All written communications must be sent to Director, Mr. Michael Krtausch, and a copy filed with the Clerk of The School Board at 1450
NE 2nd Avenue, Room 268, Miami, Florida 33132.This rule can be found at http://www.dadeschools.net/board/rules/l.

Sealed bids will be received by The School Board of Miami-Dade County, Florida, (hereinafter called the "Board") from bidders for the contract hereinafter set forth
at and until 2:00 P.M. local time according to the following schedule:

Description Set Aside Contract # Day Date
Job Order Contract Open with Assistance Levels JOC12-Cl Tuesday 04/24/2012
Job Order Contract Open with Assistance Levels JOC12-C2 Tuesday 04/24/2012
Job Order Contract Open with Assistance Levels JOC12-C3 Tuesday 04/24/2012

Sealed bids will be received by The School Board of Miami-Dade County, Florida, for the contract listed herein, until 2:00 P.M. local time, Tuesday, the 24th day of
April, 2012, at 1450 N.E. Second Ave, Room 351, Miami, Florida, following which time and place, or as soon there after as the Board can attend to the same, the
said bids will be publicly opened, read and tabulated in the Board Auditorium, Miami-Dade County School Board Administration Building, by an authorized repre-
sentative of the Board. Award of the contract will be made to the lowest, pre-qualified responsible and responsive bidder for the actual amount bid as listed in the
bidding documents. The Board will award the contract based upon the results of the tabulations as covered by applicable laws and regulations.

Pursuant to School Board Rule 6320.05, when a responsive, responsible non-local business submits the lowest price bid, and the bid submitted by one or more
responsive, responsible local businesses is within five percent (5%) of the price submitted by the non-local business, then each of the aforementioned local busi-
nesses shall have the opportunity to submit a best and final bid equal to or lower than the amount of the low responsible, responsive bid submitted by the non-local
business. Contract award shall be made to the responsive, responsible business submitting the lowest best and final bid. In the case of a tie bid in the best and final
bid between the local businesses, the tie shall be broken as delineated in School Board Rule 6320.

This advertisement is for the award of three (3) Job Order Contract (hereinafter called "JOC"). A JOC is a competitively bid, firm fixed priced indefinite quantity
contract. It includes a collection of detailed repair and construction tasks with specifications that have established unit prices. It is placed with a Contractor for the
accomplishment of repair, alteration, modernization, maintenance, rehabilitation, construction, etc., of buildings, structures, or other real property. Ordering is ac-
complished by means of issuance of individual Lump Sum Work Orders against the Contract.

Under the JOC concept, the Contractor furnishes all management, incidental scope documentation services as required, labor, materials and equipment needed
to perform the work.

The JOC awarded under this solicitation will have a minimum value of $50,000 and a maximum initial value of $2,000,000 with two (2) possible extensions of
$2,000,000 each within each term. The term of the contract will be for Twelve (12) Months and may include two (2) renewal options for one (1) additional year each.
It is the current intention of the Board to award three (3) Job Order Contract under this solicitation. The Board reserves the right to award to multiple bidders on
this solicitation. The Bidder will hold its adjustment factors for one hundred eighty (180) days and the Board reserves the right to make additional awards under this
solicitation for a period of one hundred eighty (180) days after the opening of bids.

DAVIS-BACON ACT LABOR STANDARDS: Some Work Orders under this Job Order Contract may be funded in whole or in part by Federal funding programs.
Therefore, the Bidder shall comply with all applicable provisions of 40 U.S.C. 276a-276a-7, the Davis-Bacon Act, as supplemented by the Department of Labor
regulations (29 C.F.R., part 5 "Labor Standards Provisions Applicable to Contracts Governing Federally Financed and Assisted Construction"). Accordingly, the
Bid for this Contract shall be in full compliance with the aforementioned provisions as further described in the Contract Documents and all bids shall be calculated
in compliance with the Davis-Bacon Act wage determination applicable to this Contract. Under the-Davis-Bacon Act, contractors are required to pay laborers and
mechanics not less than the minimum wages specified in a wage determination made by the Secretary of Labor, which wage determination will be attached to and
incorporated into the Construction Bid documents. The award of a construction contract is conditioned upon the Bidder accepting the wage determination.

Bidders must be pre-qualified by the Board for the actual amount bid and may not exceed pre-qualified amounts for a single project and/or aggregate prior to sub-
mitting their bid in response to this solicitation. Bids which exceed the pre-qualified amounts shall be declared non-responsive to the solicitation.
The Job Order Contract is limited to those bidders which have been pre-qualified as a General Contractor by the School Board of Miami-Dade County, Florida, for
a single dollar value of $2,000,000 prior to submitting a bid under this solicitation, and includes the M/WBE subcontracting assistance levels of:

Contract No. African American Women Total Participation
JOC12-C1 18% 6% 24%
JOC12-C2 18% 6% 24%
JOC12-C3 18% 6% 24%

This contract is for MDCPS Maintenance Operations for work occurring in all areas of the Miami-Dade County Public School District. The Board reserves the right
to award and use multiple Job Order Contracts within the same region.

Intending bidders must attend a mandatory Pre-Bid conference to be held at the Miami Dade County School Maintenance Operations Building in Room 215 2nd
Floor Training Room at 12525 N.W.28th Avenue Miami, Florida, beginning promptly at 9:00 a.m. local time on Tuesday, April 10th, 2012 for the purpose of discuss-
ing the JOC concept and documents, answering questions and discussing JOC from the contractor's perspective. Note that persons arriving after 9:15 a.m. will
not be admitted to the meeting and will be considered non-responsive for bidding.

Each bidder must submit two Adjustment Factors to be considered responsive. These same Adjustment Factors must apply to all the work tasks listed in the con-
tract documents. The first Adjustment Factor will be applied to that work which the construction is anticipated to be accomplished during normal business hours.
The second Adjustment Factor will be applied to that work which the construction is anticipated to be accomplished on an overtime basis.

The estimated percentage of work by category is as follows: normal hours construction 90% and overtime construction 10%.

Jessica Lunsford Act: The successful Bidder shall fully comply with the Jessica Lunsford Act and all related Board Rules and procedures as applicable.
Intending Bidders may obtain one set of the bid and contract documents on a CD, March 26th thru April 10th, 2012 at 12525 NW 28th Avenue, Miami, FL 33167 2nd
Floor, Maintenance Operations or at the Pre-Bid Conference at no cost.
The Board reserves the right to waive informalities and to reject any and all bids.

Notice & Protest procedures: Failure to file a protest within the time prescribed and in the manner specified in School Board Rule 6320, and in accordance with
120.57(3), Fla. Stat. (2002), shall constitute a waiver of proceedings under Chapter 120, Florida Statutes. Any person who is adversely affected by the agency
decision or intended decision shall file with the agency a notice of protest in writing within 72 hours after the posting of the notice of decision or intended decision.
Failure to file a notice of protest or failure to file a formal written protest within the time permitted shall constitute a waiver of proceedings. With respect to a protest
of the terms, conditions, and specifications contained in a solicitation, including any provisions governing the methods of ranking bids, bids, or replies, awarding
contracts, reserving rights of further negotiation, or modifying or amending any contract, the notice of protest shall be filed in writing within 72 hours after the post-
ing of the solicitation. In either event, the protest must include a bond in accordance with the provisions of F.S. 255.0516 and School Board Rule 6320. The formal
written protest shall be filed within 10 days after the date the notice of protest is filed. The formal written protest shall state with particularity the facts and law upon
which the protest is based. Saturday, Sundays, and state holidays shall be excluded in the computation of the 72-hour time periods established herein.

Alberto M. Carvalho
Superintendent of Schools



South Florida credit-card crime a 'constant battle'

By Alexia Campbell

Blank credit cards, holo-
grams, magnetic strips and
stolen account information are
selling in bulk on websites that
offer identity thieves a one-stop
shop for their counterfeit-cred-
it-card schemes.
U.S. Secret Service agents in
South Florida are fighting an
uphill battle against increas-
ingly high-tech credit card
crime, which harms businesses
and consumers alike, said Mat-
thew Lynch, resident agent-in-
charge of the Secret Service of-
fice in West Palm Beach.
"It's a constant battle," said
Lynch. "[Criminals] can get on
Interstate 95 and hit a lot of
places in a weekend."

Matthew Francis, 24, and
Troy Lemons, 29, were among
four men indicted in the last
two weeks in two separate cas-
es linked to counterfeit-credit-
card crime in South Florida.
The men allegedly hit Apple
stores in Boca Raton, Fort Lau-
derdale and Aventura, pulling
out counterfeit credit cards to
make off with thousands of dol-
lars of electronics.

The two are blamed for rip-
ping off more than $600,000
from Apple stores around the
country, according a federal
indictment filed Thursday. The
Secret Service is the federal
agency tasked with investigat-
ing counterfeit currency and

financial crimes.
Florida topped the nation
with 33,595 identity-theft com-
plaints in 2011, according to
the Federal Trade Commission.
It followed California and New
York with the most credit card
identity-theft complaints that
year 3,412.
Hackers and credit card
"skimmers" sell stolen bank
and credit-card information
from unsuspecting users, then
make fake credit cards linked
to real accounts. Counterfeit-
credit-card trafficking rings
make it easy for criminals to
get everything online, Lynch
On March 16, federal au-
thorities busted alleged mem-
bers of a nationwide fake credit

card operation on racketeering
charges. The 19 people arrest-
ed, including three men from
Florida, allegedly ran a large-
scale network of complex finan-
cial scams.

On their website, blank credit
cards sold for about $20 each,
and stolen data from 100 ac-
counts for $1,500, according
to a federal indictment filed in
In a separate case, two men
were indicted March 15 in Fort
Lauderdale after police found
them at the Galleria Mall with
more than 100 fake credit
William Lezama, 21, and Fa-
bian Loya, 20, had traveled from

California to South Florida to
buy high-end electronics with
the fake cards, according to the
federal affidavit. Loya bought
an iPhone 4s at the Apple store
in Town Center at Boca Raton,
but a security guard at the
Apple store at the Galleria Mall
called police when Lezama's
card was declined there.
Both men told police a man
nicknamed "Gordo" hired them
to make purchases with the
fake credit cards, the affidavit
"From these purchases, Leza-
ma and Loya were promised a
percentage of the profits," a Se-
cret Service agent wrote in the
Each was charged with ac-
cess-device fraud, which car-

ries a maximum 10-year pris-
on sentence.

Criminals are getting smart-
er and more sophisticated as
they try to stay under the ra-
dar, said Miami criminal de-
fense attorney Clayton Kaeiser,
who handles many identity-
theft cases. They'll travel from
place to place to max out the
credit cards, but try to keep
spending down to avoid atten-
tion from the Secret Service, he
In the end, the victims are
the consumers, Kaeiser said.
They're the ones who get the
bill when identity thieves link
fake credit cards to their stolen
account information.

CEOs get raises while workers struggle

continued from 7D

age weekly earnings for all
employees rose 2.7 percent
in 2011, based on data from
the Bureau of Labor Statis-
tics. Real average weekly
earnings, which are adjust-
ed for inflation, have fallen
1.2 percent from the Octo-
ber 2010 peak through Feb-
ruary, the latest data avail-
And a closer look at the
proxies filed so far shows
some important overall
trends, including:
Back-to-back increases

in pay. CEO pay continues
its escalating trajectory.
CEOs' two percent raise in
2011 follows a 27 percent
increase in 2010, based on
pay of CEOs analyzed by
USA TODAY last year.
*Outsized jump in stock
and options pay. Perhaps
setting CEOs up for a wind-
fall in future years if stock
prices keep rising, CEOs
pulled stock and option
grants worth $6.3 million,
an increase of eight percent
from 2010. These grants
get increasingly lucrative
as stocks rise in value. The
growth in such grants fur-

their cements the fact CEOs
don't make their major
money from cash salaries,
which in 2011 rose a me-
dian three percent to $1.1
The median value of just
stock grants, not including
options, soared 10 percent
to $3.6 million, making it
again the largest source of
CEOs' total pay.
The median bonus paid
to CEOs was a hefty $2.1
million, but that was down
three percent from 2010
as some CEOs missed per-
formance targets. That's
in stark contrast to the 47

percent jump in the 2010
median bonus paid by com-
panies analyzed by USA
TODAY last year.
Windfall from cashing
in stock. Thanks to the ris-
ing stock market, executives
are already being rewarded
handsomely for stock and
options they were given in
years past. The median
amount that CEOs actually
took home, which includes
salary and cash bonuses,
as well as stock and options
awarded in previous years
that vested or were cashed
in, was $7.8 million, up 12

Program helps new businesses online

continued from 6D

domain name and set up a
basic website, Chesal said.
Rafael Cruz, regional di-
rector of Broward County's
Small Business Develop-
ment Center, said a website
should be part of a small-
business owner's market-
ing, but a three-page website
isn't likely to give the pro-
fessional presentation most
businesses want.

"When is the last time you
visited a website that has
three pages? That's a proj-
ect that kids do in second
grade," he said.
Small firms first need to
consider whether they really
need a website and whether
they can generate business
online, he said.
"That's nice of Google,
but Google is in business
of collecting data and doing
things with that data," Cruz
said. "That's how they make

their money."
Small businesses that sign
up for the free website and
hosting can continue it in
the following year for $4.99
a month with a domain cost
of $2 a month, which is In-
tuit's standard price for ba-
sic website and service, said
spokeswoman Elisabeth
Gettelman. That's about $84
a year.
An e-commerce pack-
age starts at an additional
$34.98 a month, she said.

On competitor GoDaddy, a
"dot-com" domain can cost
$120 to $155 a year, accord-
ing to prices quoted on the
website. Hosting is extra,
ranging from $36 to $70 a
year, depending on security
certificate and e-mail stor-
age, according to the site.
Google has been holding
similar workshops in other
states and plans to offer the
program in all 50 states,
said spokeswoman Becca

Martin's case becomes an enterprise

continued from 6D

motive," Hoffman said.
"There's a legitimate inter-
est in sharing the pain, and
these products do that."
Van Johnson, who designs
T-shirts and other apparel in
Charlotte, N.C., said he ini-
tially wanted to come up with
something for his 12-year-old
son to show solidarity with
Martin's supporters. He pro-
duced a color drawing based
on a photograph of Martin
wearing a hoodie, which the
teenager was wearing on the
night he was killed.
"I really don't expect to
make more than $200 at the
most," Johnson said. "I'm
happy some people bought
my products, that way a few
people will have a very nice
design on their shirt or hood-
ie to show their support."
Karriem Muhammad, who
runs Young Nation Apparel

in St. Louis, is selling a sepa-
rate hoodie for $35 with the
words "Please Don't Shoot
Me I Only Have Skittles And
A Drink!!!" Martin was re-
turning from a convenience
store with the candy and iced
tea when he was confronted
by Zimmerman.
"We really just kind of put
the shirt out there this week.
It's not necessarily profit
at all," Muhammad said. "I
wanted to bring some aware-
ness to the issue. I felt it
would be a good way to ex-
pose the store, to get our
name out there."
Zimmerman, 28, who
has a white father and His-
panic mother, has not been
charged. Martin's parents
have demanded he be ar-
rested. The U.S. Justice De-
partment has launched a
probe to look for possible
civil rights violations; a spe-
cial state prosecutor is also
investigating. Jackelyn Ber-

nard, spokeswoman for spe-
cial prosecutor Angela Corey,
said Wednesday the investi-
gation could take weeks and
said it's unclear if a grand
jury will be empaneled.
Hoffman said it's difficult
to gauge how the Trayvon
sales might stack up against
those from similar cases,
such as the 1992 Los Ange-
les riots following the Rodney
King beating, because those
were before the explosion of
Internet marketing.
"Anyone can do it with any
image," she said.
Martin's mother, Sybrina
Fulton, headed off potential
profit-seekers by filing trade-
mark applications last week
for the words "Justice For
Trayvon" and "I Am Trayvon."
The applications say the slo-
gans may be used in digital
media formats including CDs
and DVDs. A family attorney
said Wednesday the purpose
is mainly to prevent others

from exploiting Martin's im-
"It wasn't to make money
off Trayvon's name, it was
to stop the exploitation of
Trayvon's name," said the at-
torney, Natalie Jackson. "We
wanted this family to own
their child's legacy."
A sign company called
FamilyGraphix decided this
week to pull its Martin-re-
lated decals after learning of
Fulton's move. One such de-
cal, which was to sell for $8,
said "Don't Shoot Me, All I
Have Is A Bag of Skittles."
Johnson, the T-shirt de-
signer, questioned Fulton's
"You would think the par-
ents of Trayvon Martin would
encourage the spreading of
their son's name and im-
age," he said. "As a parent of
four, I personally would wel-
come any and all exposure.
I would want my son's name

Forbes notes world's six Black billionaires

continued from 6D

"A new programming line-
up, including a nightly talk
show with performer Rosie
O'Donnell and an interview
show featuring Winfrey with
high-profile guests, has
given the channel a recent
boost, but its future remains
uncertain," according to
Others in the billionaire's
club include Nigerian self-
made business magnet Aliko
Dangote. He is, however, no
longer the richest black per-
son in the world. He's been
ousted by Mohammed Al
Amoudi, of Saudi and Ethio-
pian descent, who is worth
an estimated $12.5 billion.

That's $1.3 billion richer
than Dangote.
Al-Amoudi, 67, is the 61st
richest person in the world.
His most prominent assets
include oil companies like
Svenska Petroleum Explora-
tion, which produces crude
oil in Africa, and refinery op-
erator Preem.
Based in Nigeria, Aliko
Dangote, worth $11.2 billion,
is the owner of the Dangote
Group, with interests in ev-
erything from sugar refin-
eries, flour milling and salt
processing to cement plants
in his homeland and several
other countries in Africa, in-
cluding Benin, Cameroon,
Ghana, South Africa and
Fellow Nigerian Mike Ad-

enuga, worth $4.3 billion,
has interests in Telecoms,
banking and oil. His Conoil
Producing Company is Ni-
geria's largest indigenous
oil exploration company; his
mobile phone operator, Glo-
bacom, has over 15 million
subscribers in Nigeria.
Mining magnate Patrice
Motsepe is South Africa's
first and only Black billion-
aire. His company, African
Rainbow Minerals (ARM),
has interests in gold, ferrous
metals, base metals and
platinum. Motsepe, worth
$2.7 billion, owns 41 percent
of the company.
Dr. Mohamed "Mo" Ibra-
him is the final Black bil-
lionaire to make it on the au-
thoritative Forbes billionaire

list. The Sudanese mobile
communications entrepre-
neur is worth an estimated
$1.1 billion. He worked for
several telecommunications
companies before founding
Celtel, which he sold in 2005
for $3.4 billion and pocketed
$1.4 billion.
He has also set up the Mo
Ibrahim Foundation to en-
courage better governance in
Africa, as well as creating the
Mo Ibrahim Index to evalu-
ate nations' performances.
In 2001, Robert Johnson
became the first Black to ap-
pear on the annual Forbes
billionaire list. Johnson se-
cured his billionaire status
in the years 2002, 2003,
2007 and 2008 but dropped
off the list again in 2009.

Investors seek U.S. visas

continued from 6D

"It helps that we're
smaller than other
EB-5 projects, and
we've structured our
venture in two parts,
so that we can get
started faster," said
real estate attorney
Rodrigo Azpurua, a
Weston resident who
is partners with civil
engineer Luis Prado
in the Riviera Point
Holdings venture de-
veloping the office
In contrast, develop-
ers of the Margarita-
ville Resort on Holly-
wood beach seek $75
million from 150 for-
eign investors, while
backers of the Gold
Coast Florida Region-
al Center in down-
town Hollywood aim

for $120 million from
abroad for a boutique
hotel, nearly 400
apartments and re-
tail space, executives
have said.
"A bigger project
needs more time to
get all the investors,"
said Lon Tabatchnik,
developer of the Mar-
garitaville venture.
He said the resort has
about a dozen EB-5
investors from China
lined up so far.
In Miramar, con-
struction starts on
the first of two four-
story buildings that
together will span
70,000 square feet.
The first unit in the
Riviera Point Profes-
sional Center should
be finished by May of
next year. The second
could start construc-
tion by January, once

enough EB-5 inves-
tors are signed up,
Azpurua said.
The buildings will
rise on a four-acre site
bought in late 2010 at
University Drive near
Florida's Turnpike.
The complex should
create more than 400
jobs in construction
and operations, Azpu-
rua said.
launched the EB-5
program in 1990, but
few investors used it
at first. As rules have
streamlined and de-
velopers boosted mar-
keting, visa approvals
jumped. In the year
ended Sept. 30, au-
thorities issued 3,463
EB-5 visas, up from
1,885 a year earlier,
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services

Low interest rates equal cash

continued from 6D

peak. Interest pay-
ments on other debt,
such as credit cards
and car loans, are
down 50 percent. The
shrinking interest
payments have no end
in sight as old mort-
gages get refinanced
and new cars get
bought at lower rates.
The Fed has pledged
to keep interest rates
low through 2014.
The economic gain
for borrowers over-
shadows the impor-
tance of other stimu-
lus efforts or even
higher gas prices. A
cut in the Social Se-

curity payroll tax, by
contrast, will save
households an aver-
age of about $70 a
month this year.
"Even if people
aren't paying atten-
tion to their inter-
est payments falling,
the money builds up
in their checking ac-
count, and that es-
pecially benefits big-
ticket items like cars,"
says Paul Taylor, chief
economist for the Na-
tional Automobile
Dealers Association.
Lower rates are letting
people spend more
on cars for the same
monthly payment,
boosting the fortunes
of automakers.

Interest savings
have softened the blow
of falling personal in-
come, which is $1,700
lower per household
than at the 2007
peak. The gains are
even greater for busi-
nesses, which "depend
more on borrowing,"
says Robert McTeer,
former president of
the Federal Reserve
Bank of Dallas.
The big downside:
Falling rates hurt
those who saved pru-
dently while others
spent and borrowed.
And some borrow-
ers still face crushing
mortgages on homes
that lost much of their



We do Auto, Homeowners

Call: 305-836-5206
Fax: 305-696-8634
email: info@cbrianhart.corp
9 a.m.- 5:30 p.m. Mon-Fri
7954 NW 22ND AVE., MIAMI FL, 33147



Miami-Dade County, Florida is announcing the availability of the above referenced,
advertisement, which can be obtained by visiting the Miami-Dade Aviation Department
(MDAD) Website at: www.miami-airport.com/business advertisements.asp (in order to
view full Advertisement please select respective solicitation)
Copies of the RFP solicitation package can only be obtained through the MDAD, Contracts
Administration Division, in person or via courier at 4200 NW 36th Street, Building 5A, 4th
Floor, Miami, FL 33122 or through a mail request to P.O. Box 025504, Miami, FL 33102-5504.
The cost for each solicitation package is $50.00 (non-refundable) check or money order
payable to: Miami-Dade Aviation Department.
This solicitation is subject to the "Cone of Silence" in accordance with section 2-11.1(t) of
the Miami-Dade County Code.

F orgals s i .t t egmid, .gov


101 A Civic Center Area
Two bedrooms starting at
$850 monthly. One bed-
room starting at $725, De-
posit is $500 if you qualify.
Appliances, laundry, FREE
Parking, central air.
Call 786-506-3067
1545 NW 8 Avenue

1150 NW 1 Place
One bedroom, one bath,
$425. Mr. Willie #6

1210 NW 2 Avenue
One bdrm., one bath, $350.
Appliances. 305-642-7080.
1259-79 NW 58 Terr
2 bedroom apt. $725/month
1 bedroom apt. $575/month
First and Security Upfront
Section 8 OK! 786-254-1720
1261 NW 59 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$525. 305-642-7080
12675 NE 13 Avenue
One bedroom in quiet one
story building, central air, new
appliances. $700 monthly.
1317 NW 2 Avenue
One bedroom, one bath,
$400. Ms. Shorty in #1.

1348 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm., one bath $375
Two bdrms., one bath $495

140 NW 13 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath
$500, 786-236-1144 or
14370 NW 22 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $425.
Ms. Jackson 786-267-1646.

1450 NW 1 Avenue
Efficiency, one bath $395,
one bdrm one bath $425

1525 NW 1 Place
Three bdrms, two baths,
$550 monthly. $850 move
in. All appliances included.
Free 19 inch LCD TV. Call

1718 NW 2 Court
One bdrm, one bath, $425.
Mr. Gaiter in #1

1801 NW 2 Court
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$550 monthly. $850 to
move in. All appliances
included. Free 19 inch LCD
TV. Call:
Joel 786-355-7578

186 NW 13 Street
Two bdrm, one bath. $550.
Stove, refrigerator.

1943 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, $500
monthly. Very quiet. Call

1955 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, one bath.
$450. 305-642-7080

1969 NW 2 Court
One bedroom, one bath.
$425 Appliances.

200 NW 13 Street
One bdrm, one bath $425.
Ms. Shorty 786-290-1438

2040 NE 168 Street
One bedroom, one bath, air,
water included, washer, dryer
facility. Section 8 Welcome!
20520 NW 15 Avenue
One bedroom, one and
half bathroom, $650 $750
monthly. Section 8 welcomed.
210 NW 17 Street
One bdrm, one bath $450.

215 NW 16 Terrace
Remodeled, central air,
quiet gated building, one
bedroom $475 monthly. Call

2295 NW 46 Street
One and two bedrooms. Call
Tony 305-213-5013
2416 NW 22 Court
One bedroom one
bath $725, free water.
2581 E Superior Street
One bdrm, one bath, $600
mthly, call 305-652-9393.
3090 NW 134 St #1,2
One bedrooms, one bath,
$600-$650 monthly, $1000-
$1300 to move in. Section 8
Welcome. 786-512-7643 or
3330 NW 48 Terrace
One bdrm, one bath.

$550 monthly. 305-213-5013

411 NW 37 Street
Studios $395 monthly.
All appliances included. Call
Joel 786-355-7578
415 NW 9 Street
One bdrm., one bath, $495.
Appliances. 305-642-7080
48 NW 77 Street
Beautiful one bedroom, $585
monthly. Call after 6 p.m.
50 Street Heights
Walking distance from
Brownsville Metrorail. Free
water, gas, window bars,
iron gate doors. One and two
bdrms from $490-$580 mthly!
Apply at 2651 NW 50 Street,
call 305-638-3699.
5130 NW 8 Avenue
Three bedrooms, one bath,
$900 per month, all appli-
ances included. Call Joel
5200 NW 26 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath. Free
gift for Section 8 tenants.
$675 moves you in.
Jenny 786-663-8862

5551 NW 32 Avenue
One bdrm, $750 monthly,
$1000 to move in, water and
light included. First and Last.
60 and 61 Street
One and two bdrms, $595
and $695. Call 954-482-5400.
6091 NW 15 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $450.
three bdrms. two baths
$725. 305-642-7080
701 NW 7 Ave
Two bedrooms, one bath,
ready to move in. $650
monthly. Call 305-652-9393.
Move in with first month rent
Remodeled efficiency, one,
two, three bdrms, air, appli-
ances, laundry, gate. From
$400. 100 NW 11 St.
Overtown, Liberty City,
Opa-Locka, Brownsville.
Apartments, Duplexes,
Houses. One, Two and
Three Bedrooms. Same day
approval. Call for specials.
Free water. 305-642-7080
Walking distance to school
from $400. Remodeled
efficiencies, one, two, three
bdrms; two baths. Central air,
laundry, gated. Office 1023
NW 3 Ave. 305-372-1383
No security deposit re-
quired. One bedroom, water
included, qualify the same
day. 305-603-9592, 305-
600-7280, 305-458-1791 or
visit our office at 1250 NW
62 Street.

Studio, remodeled. Section 8
Welcome! 786-301-4368 or
North Miami
One large bdrm. Section 8
welcomed. $850 monthly.
Call 786-514-2532 or 786-
One bdrm, one bath. Special
$550. 305-717-6084
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$825 monthly. Section 8 wel-
Qualify the same day. Lim-
ited time move in special!
Gated and secure building.
One bedroom, $400 and
two bedrooms $550 only!
Water included. No security
deposit required. 55 and
older get additional dis-
count. Call 305-603-9592,
305-600-7280 and


1226 NW 1 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath. $450.
135 NE 80 Terrace
Newly remodeled, huge one
bedroom, one bath, central
air, $750 monthly. Section 8
welcome. 954-818-9112.
1412 NW 55 Street
One bedroom, air, bars, $600
mthly. 305-335-4522
1523 NW 41 Street
One bdrm, one bath, appli-
ances, tiled, bars, air, $700
mthly, security. 305-490-9284
15722 NW 39 Court
Two bedrms, one bath. $900
monthly. 305-751-3381.
230 N.W. 56th Street
Two bedroom, one bath,
central air, cable ready, $975
monthly. Section 8 OK.

3631 N.W 194 Terr.
Two bedrooms, Section 8
only. 754-423-2748.
3710-12 NW 23 Court
One bedroom, one bath, very
quiet area. $575 monthly.
6800 NW 6 Court
Three bedrooms, one bath,
$1150. Free water/electric.

7700 NW 11 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath.$925
911 NW 42 Street
Two bdrms, one bath, $950
mthly. utilities free.
94 NE 59 Terrace
Two bdrms, one bath, central
air, bars, $900 mthly. Section
8 OK. 305-490-9284
9697 NW 5 Avenue
One bedroom, $750 monthly.
1165 NW 147 Street, #C
$550 monthly. All utilities in-
cluded. 305-490-9284.
1490 NW 56 Street
Furnished, $450 monthly.
2106 NW 70 Street
Furnished, no utilities, $1000
to move in, $750 monthly.
467 NW 8 Street
Efficiency, one bath, $425.
Appliances, free water.

Air, utilities, cable. $550,
$1100 move in,
Furnished Rooms
13377 NW 30 Avenue
$85 weekly, kitchen, bath and
free utilities, one person.
305-474-8186, 305-987-9710
1358 NW 71 Street
Air, cable. $300 to move in,
$150 weekly. 786-286-7455.
1500 NW 74 Street
Microwave, refrigerator, color
TV, free cable, air, and use of
kitchen. Call 305-835-2728
15810 NW 38 Place
$85 weekly. Free utilities,
bath, kitchen, one person.
305-474-8186, 305-987-9710
1775 NW 151 Street
New management. Micro-
wave, refrigerator, color TV,
free cable, air, and use of
kitchen. Call 305-835-2728.
2010 NW 55 Terrace
No Deposit Required. $140
weekly moves you in. Air,
cable, utilities included.

2957 NW 44 Street
Furnished, 305-693-1017,
6233 NW 22nd COURT
Nice room, utilities included.
Move in immediately. $100
weekly, $200 moves you
in.Call 786-277-2693
9800 NW 25 Avenue
Rooms for rent, all utilities
paid, call 786-332-0682.
Biscayne Gardens Area
Fish from back yard, free ca-
ble and air. Call
305-343-5664. Please call
after 12 noon
Clean room, side entry, patio,
cable, air, 305-688-0187.
Private room. 305-625-2918
Air and cable. $500 mthly.
Nice quiet room, near bus ter-
minal. Call 305-766-2055.
Free cable
Private entrance, private
bath, $700 to move in.
2170 Washington Avenue
Clean rooms, $90-110
weekly, $476 monthly.
10201 NW8 AVENUE
Three bedrooms, two baths.
$1195. Stove, refrigerator,
12620 NW 17 Avenue
Cozy three bdrms, one bath,
bars, fenced, air, remodeled.
$925 monthly. First and last.
Section 8 OK. Call for ap-
pointment 305-621 -0576.
1475 NW 67th STREET
Renovated, three bedroom,
one bath, large lot, air and
heat, $1200 a month, Sec-
tion 8 ok! Call 786-859-1119
15930 NW 17 Place
New remodeled, three bed-
rooms, one bath,central air,
washer/dryer connection.
$1200 monthly.
1611 NW 52 Street
Three bdrms., one bath, $900
mthly, no Section 8 call:

1782 NW 63 Street
Newly remodeled, wood
floors, two bedrms, one
bath $895. 305-642-7080.
1850 Service Road
Three bdrms,one bath.Ready
in mid April. 305-769-2541.
1860 NW 53 Street
Three bedroom, two bath,
new renovation. Section 8
only 305-975-1987
1934 NW 57 Street
Three bedrooms, two baths,
new renovation. Section 8
only. 305-975-1987.
19437 NW 28 Place
Three bedrooms, one bath,
tiled floors, central air, $1200
monthly, 786-223-3353.
2014 NW 153 Street
Three bedrooms, two baths,
Section 8 welcomed. Call
Low or Gigi. 786-356-0486 or
262 NW 51 Street
Three bdrms, two baths.
$1000 mthly. Priced re-
duced. 786-328-5878.
3261 NW 132 Terr
Three bdrms, two bath, cen-
tral air. $1100 monthly.
3361 NW 208 Street
Three bedrooms, one bath,
central air, tile. Section 8
okay. 786-277-4395
3400 NW 173 Terrace
Three bdrms, two baths,
$1400 mthly, A Berger Realty,
Inc. 954-805-7612.
3421 N.W. 212 St
New, three bedrooms, two
bath, two car garage. $1800
monthly, Section 8 Wel-
comed. Call 305-652-9330.
363 NW 59 street
Four bedrooms, two baths
with two bedrooms and one
bath cottage. $1500 month-
ly. All appliances included.
Free 19 inch LCD TV. Call
Joel 786-355-7578.
52 NW 166 Street
N. Miami Beach twnshe, new
four bedrooms, two baths.
$1600. Section 8 Preferred.
725 NW 42 Street
Three bedrooms, one bath.
Section 8 welcome. Contact
Junior 305-710-3398 or Mary
7504 NW 21 PLACE
Four bedrooms, two baths,
Section 8 accepted.
CALL Gee 786-356-0487 or
Lo 786-356-0486
Biscayne Gardens Area
One bedroom, free cable, air
and electricity. Call after 12
noon. 305-343-5664.
Three bedrooms, one bath.
Section 8 preferred.
Dade Move in Special
Three bedrooms, everything
newly renovated with wood
floors, custom kitchens, cen-
tral air and more. Move in
condition. $695 moves you
in. Section 8. Please call 754-
Spacious four bdrms, two
baths, plasma TV included.
No credit check, Section 8
Welcome! Others available.
Three bdrms, two
baths, Section 8 wel-
comed! 786-287-0864 or

12640 NW 22 Ave.
Special for people receiving
305-300-7783, 786-277-9369

Commercial Property
405 NW 62 Street
3200 square ft building for
lease or sale. Retail, restau-
rant or daycare use.
7616 NW 20 Avenue
Back Unit
Two bedrooms, one bath,
fully remodeled, central air,
Section 8 Welcome! $900
monthly, 305-763-7422.

Now You Can own Your
Own Home Today
UP TO $65,000
On Any Home/Any Area
Need HELP???
House of Homes Realty




Foreclosure Defense
Have you been served?
Free consultation, affordable
monthly fee from a season
Real Estate attorney. Call

Air Conditioning,TV, Refrig-
erator, and all Appliances.
Call 786-346-8225
45 Years Experience!
Work with a permit.
Call 305-491-4515

Investment Opportunity In
The Bahamas
Sea food, live stock, farming,
etc. Free lodging.

with credentials and
background clearance for
Sheyes of Miami Daycare.
All interested call 305-986-

Freelance Writers Wanted
The Miami Times is looking
for seasoned writers to
cover several beats in a
freelance capacity. Aggres-
sive reporters with a solid
background in news and
feature writing should send
in a resume, cover letter
and three recent samples of
,,:,ur ..,,ii,r,9 Send inquires
to D. Kevin McNeir
line.com Include a daytime
and evening telephone

To keep house clean. Three
hours, three days a week.
Call after 12 noon.

Highly motivated, profes-
sional individuals for fast
paced newspaper. Must
type 45 wpm, well orga-
nized and computer literate
with excellent oral and
writing skills. Must have a
minimum of an AA or AS
degree. Fax resume along
with salary history to 305-
The Miami Times

Outside Advertising Sales
Great opportunity for
three personable and
driven individuals. The
ideal candidate has an
aggressive approach to
sales with an emphasis on
follow-through. Excellent
one-on-one training, end-
less earnings opportunities,
great employee benefits.
Small salary with generous
commission, college degree
Apply in Person!

The Miami Times
900 NW 54 St

Retired English teacher or
a person that has the skills
necessary for correcting
spelling grammar. Email
line.com or call 305-694-

We are seeking drivers to
deliver newspaper to retail
outlets in South Dade, Bro-
ward and Miami Dade.
Wednesday Only

You must be available be-
tween the hours of 6 a.m.
and 1 p.m. Must have reli-
able, insured vehicle and
current Driver License.
Apply in person at:
The Miami Times
900 N.W. 54th Street

Don't Throw Away
Your Old Records!

I Buy Old Records! Albums,
LP's, 45's, or 12" singles.
Soul, Jazz, Blues, Reggae,
Caribbean, Latin, Disco,
Rap. Also DJ Collections! Tell
Your Friends! 786-301-4180.

Best Buy implodes firing

400 and closing 50 stores

Assistant Training
Accelerated Microsoft
Office Assistant Training!
No Experience Needed!
Local training gets you
job ready ASAP!
Placement Assistance
when you complete!
No waiting. Traffic school
first time driver $35 Beat any
price. 786-333-2084.
Trainees Needed!
Learn to become a
Medical Office Assistant!
No Experience Needed!
Local Job Training
Job Placement
Assistance when
training completed!

Custom-made cabinets for
kitchens and bathrooms at
affordable prices.
14130 N.W. 22nd Avenue.
Call 305-685-3565
Handy Man with a Golden
Carpet cleaning, plumbing,
doors, auto detailing cars,
lawn service. 305-801-5690


























By Eric Platt

Electronics retailer
Best Buy recently an-
nounced it would close
50 big box locations in
the U.S. as it refocuses
its operations around
mobile. The company
said it will launch 100
new mobile locations as
it retools its domestic
store format.
The announcement
was timed with the com-
pany's fourth quarter
report, where it sharply
beat analyst expecta-
tions on the bottom line.
Over the final quarter of
2011, revenue grew three
percent to $16.6 bil-
lion while earnings per
share hit $2.47. How-
ever, analysts polled by
Bloomberg had forecast
top line results of $17.15
billion, some $500 mil-
lion more than the
company reported. The
quarter also benefitted
from an extra week in
the company's fiscal cal-
endar excluding the
week would mean reve-
nue actually fell 1.1 per-
cent. Shares were down 6
percent in the first min-
utes of trading. Best Buy
has rapidly been trying
to turn its operations
around as it has seen
peers CompUSA and Cir-
cuit City fail. Consumers
have been using its loca-
tions as a testing ground
for products before mak-

ing final purchases at
competitors like Amazon
and Walmart.
Acknowledging the
change, Best Buy chief
executive Brian Dunn
said the company would
vastly alter its strategy
from its long time big
box format to boost re-
"These changes will
also help lower our over-
all cost structure," Dunn
said. "We intend to in-
vest some of these cost
savings into offering new
and improved customer
experiences and compet-
itive prices which will
help drive revenue. And,
over time, we expect
some of the savings will
fall to the bottom line."
Best Buy is targeting
more than $800 mil-
lion in cost savings by
2015, largely expected
through layoffs and the
aforementioned store
closings. The targets are
roughly split between
corporate, retail and de-
clines in costs of goods
sold. The company will
layoff 400 employees
within its management
and support channels.
The company is bet-
ting its future largely on
mobile and the commis-
sion it is paid by wire-
less carriers to activate
services. By 2016, it
hopes to have as many
as 800 mobile-only loca-
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A *~ ~ ~ ~ ~ A A K A & A -
I. Si- ii.



The City of Miami Southeast C F:..ri' Prk West, Omni and Midtown Com-
munity Redevelopment Agencies (CRA) 2011 Annual Report is available.

In accordance with section 163.356(3)(c), Florida Statutes, the City of Miami's
Southeast Overtown/Park West, Omni and Midtown Community Redevelop-
ment Agencies (CRA's) have developed the annual report of their activities
including a complete financial statement setting forth assets, liabilities, income,
and operating expenses as of the end of Fiscal Year 2011. This report has been
filed with the City of Miami's Office of the City Clerk and is a. a tii r- for inspec-
tion during business hours in the Office of the City Clerk, located at City Hall,
3500 Pan American Drive. In addition, the report is available in the office of the
CRA, located at 49 N.W. 5th Street, Suite 100, Miami FL. It can also be found
on the CRA's website, www.miamicra.com.

For further information, contact the CRA at (305) 679-6800.

(#15465) Pieter A. Bockweg
Executive Director



The Heat: Solidarity for Trayvon
The Miami Heat are still be- a photo with the entire team
ing praised in some circles for wearing hoods in support of
the stand they took last week slain teenager Trayvon Mar-
before a road game at De- tin. This show of support was
troit. The team, led by LeBron refreshing to see millionaire
James and Dwayne Wade, took athletes in today's day and age


with something to say. They
let the world know about their
support to the cause to bring
to justice the man who gunned
down Martin on the street of a
gated community in Sanford
last month.
Martin's grieving father com-
mented on how moved he was
by the show of support. Wade
simply talked about how, "As
a father, this hits home." The
same can be said for this
writer because my son shared
the same barber with Trayvon
and his dad. What a power-

ful message the photo sent to
the world. Too often we see
situations in our communi-
ties where athletes have a plat-
form to express their views but
chose to remain neutral or si-
lent. There was a time in this
nation's history when athletes
used their celebrity status to
be heard. Folks like Muham-
mad Ali, Tommie Smith, John
Carlos, Bill Russell, Kareem
Abdul-Jabbar and Jim Brown
are just a few examples. The
Heat players like the heroes
before them took a stand and

did not worry about losing en-
dorsements or sponsors. They
made a powerful statement
and let the world know that
not all athletes are selfish,
self-centered, shallow well
you get the point.
Other big name players soon
followed suit: Steve Nash,
Carmelo Anthony and Amare
Stoudamire all donned "hood-
ies" at games, posting them-
selves wearing "hoodies" or
both. CNN political analyst
Roland Martin had questioned
via Twitter why NBA players

had not lent their support to
Trayvon's cause. Whether the
players actions were in re-
sponse to his call is unknown.
What is known is that this
may be the boldest statement
outside the sports arena that
Wade and James have ever
made. In this case, perhaps it
is wrong to compare James to
that basketball great who wore
the famous number 23." To-
day's kids do not want to be
"Like Mike" they want to be
"Like LeBron" and that's not
such a bad thing after all.

Pro players return home, hold camp for Opa-Locka youth

By Eric Ikpe
Miami Times writer

The First Annual Football
& Cheer Clinic was hosted by
hometown heroes now NFL
players, Armando Allen, Jr. and
Thaddeus Lewis. Seventy-five
children from different parks
and recreation departments
came together last Saturday af-
ternoon to learn skills, and en-
hancement drills at Sherbondy
Park Village.

guys to come up with the idea
- it was all them and seeing
two hometown guys come back
means a lot."
"This is very exciting, being
from [Opa-Locka] we felt com-
pelled to give back," Lewis said.
"Great minds think alike and
two heads are better than one;
so we came up with the idea
and we did good and we help
put this together with the City's
Participating children were
placed within their age groups

NFL starts Armando Allen, Jr. and Thaddeus Lewis share tips


e. I

Mayor Myra Taylor gives it a try at one of the conditioning

"We [support] them all the
way; a lot of folks leave and
never come back," said City of
Opa-Locka Mayor Myra Tay-
lor said. "No one pushed these

by grades (Pre-K 9) to run
chopping and reaction skills.
The young athletes also dis-
played their running skills with
a relay race, before going into


..- ..~. .
-Miami Times photos/Eric Ikpe
It's warm up time for the girls who came for the cheerleading clinic.

the pavilion for lunch.
"I strongly support this 'and
will continue what I have to do
to make the City great," said
Opa-Locka Commissioner Tim-
othy Holmes. "The kids will look
and say to themselves, if these
guys started out in the [Opa-
Locka] area and they made it
and moved on, we can do the
Opa-Locka commissioner
Gail E. Miller wanted to show
citizens that there are always
methods that can help to im-
prove their community.
"It's always been known that
[Opa-Locka] was the poorest
city, but you look around us we
are not poor," Miller said. "We
might be rich in one area and
poor in others but we've held
our own here for 86 years."
"It's a great feeling to come
home and .give back to a pro-
gram that once shaped me and
my dreams," Allen said. "I al-
ways told myself this is some-
thing I wanted to do and if I ever
had the chance or opportunity
to give back I would."
His biggest supporter, Valde-
ria Allen, is his mother she
says she was overwhelmed
when she heard about the clin-
"I was very excited when I

heard about what Armando and
Thaddeus wanted to do," she
said. "I am so proud of them."
But Lewis reminded the boys
and girls that their primary fo-
cus should be on getting good
grades in school.
"It's not all about football or
other sports your grades will
get you to places that football
cannot," he said. "Out of all the
division one schools, only two
percent make to the pros but
many more go on and earn their

Kentucky tops Kansas for 8th title

By Jay Hart

basketball's best team during
the 2011-12 season is also its
national champion. And yes,
that's actually saying some-
thing, because it doesn't hap-
pen very often. The Kentucky
Wildcats, ranked No. 1 in the
country for 20 of 29 weeks
this season, survived a nearly
miraculous comeback by the
Kansas Jayhawks to win the
school's eighth national title.
Set up as a showdown be-
tween two of college basket-
ball most storied programs,
this title game was more of a
coronation for Kentucky for
38 minutes anyway. Holding
a double-digit lead for most of
the contest, Kentucky nearly
fell victim to yet another Kan-
sas comeback. The Jayhawks,
down by as many as 18, rallied
to within five with 1:37 to go.
At that moment, there was lit-
tle doubt Kentucky head coach
John Calipari, who'd never
won a national championship,
started having flashbacks to
the 2008 title game when his
Memphis team blew a nine-
point lead with less than three
minutes to go against . Kan-
There would be no choke
this time, however. Gilchrist
blocked a Tyshawn Taylor shot
that would have made it a one-
possession game, then the
Wildcats made four free throws
in the closing minutes to hang


UK beats Kansas 67-59 to win 8th NCAA national cham-

on for a 67-59 victory.
For just the second time in
10 years, the No. 1 overall seed
won it all. Kansas fans might
not agree, but the best team of
2012 stood on the stage cele-
brating in front of 70,913 inside
the Superdome.
"This is not about me, this is
about these 13 players," Cali-
pari said. "This is about the Big
Blue Nation. But I don't know of
any team that has sacrificed for
each other like this team and
they deserve this moment, they
really do."
How good is this Wildcats
team? They won four of six
games in this year's tourna-
ment by at least 12 points and

none was closer than eight.
Monday night, they built that
18-point first-half lead without
Anthony Davis, the AP player of
the year, scoring a single point.
That should (but won't) si-
lence the critics who claim Ken-
tucky wins on individual talent
alone that it somehow has
an unfair advantage because of
Calipari's unapologetic recruit-
ment of the so-called one-and-
doners. Sure the Wildcats boast
the most talent of any roster irn
the country Davis and fellow
freshman Michael Kidd-Gil-
christ could potentially go 1-2
in this June's NBA draft but
as they showed Monday night,
they win as a team.

SEOPW Board CHair Executive Director



RFI NO. 12-04

The CRA is in the process of obtaining financing, to be collateralized by TIF revenues, which will enable the
issuance of grant funds. Therefore, the CRA is seeking information from private developers and persons,
with an ownership interest in land within the redevelopment area, to plan, design, finance, construct, and
manage mixed use projects for properties within the redevelopment area. The submitter must be able to
perform every element outlined in the Request for Information, RFI No. 12-04 ("RFI").

Submissions should include all required documents under the RFI and should be clearly marked on the
outside to read, "CRA- RFI No. 12-04." Respondents must submit two (2) copies to the City of Miami Clerk's
Office, 3500 Pan American Drive, Miami, Florida 33133, by 2:00 p.m., on Tuesday, April 17, 2012. Any re-
sponses received after the above date and time, or delivered to a different address, will not be considered.

The CRA reserves the right to accept any projects deemed to be in the public interest and in furtherance
of the purposes of Florida's Community Redevelopment Act of 1969, to waive any irregularities in any sub-
mission, to cancel this Request for Information, to reject any or all submissions, and/or to re-advertise for

Pieter A. Bockweg, CRA Executive Director
49 Northwest 5th Stieet, Suite 100i Miami, FL 33128-1811
Tel (305) 679-6800 !Fax (305) 679-68351 http://www.miami-cra.org



Call 305-694-6214



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