The Miami times.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00028321/00920
 Material Information
Title: The Miami times.
Uniform Title: Miami times
Physical Description: v.
Language: English
Creator: Miami times
Publisher: The Magic Printery,
The Magic Printery
Publication Date: February 2, 2011
Subjects / Keywords: African Americans -- Newspapers. -- Florida
Newspapers. -- Miami (Fla.)
Newspapers. -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)
Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami
Coordinates: 25.787676 x -80.224145 ( Place of Publication )
General Note: "Florida's favorite Colored weekly."
General Note: "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis."
General Note: Editor: H.F. Sigismund Reeves, <Jan. 6, 1967-Dec. 27, 1968>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 25, no. 8 (Oct. 23, 1948).
General Note: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
General Note: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000358015
notis - ABZ6315
oclc - 02264129
isbn - 0739-0319
sobekcm - UF00028321_00920
System ID: UF00028321:00920

Full Text


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Tempora Mutantur Et Nos Mutamur In Illis


Are Blacks'

attitudes tow,

FBI veteran

to review

Miami police

Paul Philip hired as public
safety advisor
By D. Kevin McNeir
As part of his ongoing review and delib-
erations regarding police services to the
City's neighborhoods and residents, City
Manager Tony Crapp, Jr., said he wanted
"technical expertise" so that he could as-
sess the plethora of public safety issues
confronting Miami.
And so with little fanfare, Crapp, 37,
has employed the services of Paul Philip,
63, known best to Miami-Dade County for
his work,as the former chief of staff for the
office of the superintendent, M-D County
Public Schools. Philip also served as the
assistant county manager for public safety
for the County. But before he entered coun-
ty service, Philip was a special agent of the

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). And
it is his experience in law enforcement that
Crapp says is what he needed most in an
In a Monday-morning memo to the city
commissioners, Crapp identified seven ar-
eas that Philip will evaluate from training/
certification protocols and promotions to
morale and departmental rules. Philip will
meet with Crapp on a weekly basis to pro-
vide updates on his findings.
When asked how Philip might assist the
City glean more information about the rou-
tine warrant-serving-gone-bad between
police and murder suspect Johnny Simms,
Crapp said the following.
"I am asking his advice but it is more
about the relationship between the police
department and the state attorney's office.
But he's going to look at a number of things
- he is a no-nonsense kind of person and
Please turn to ADVISOR 10A


National initiative wants

to raise awareness
By D. Kevin McNeir

From the Florida Keys to Tallahassee and
everywhere in between, Black communities
will pause on Monday, Feb. 7th in recognition
of National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day.
Twenty-two cities in the state of Florida have
a variety of events planned including: commu-
nity health fairs; college student organization
forums; marches; rallies; and even mayoral
According to Lamont Evans, 41, execu-
tive officer for the Atlanta-based organization
Healthy Black Communities, Inc. that cevel-
oped the Awareness Day over a decade ago,
Blacks still need to be more "aware."
"Of course one of the main purposes behind
this annual day is to make Blacks more aware
about HIV/AIDS and what we can do to pro-
tect ourselves many of us still don't have the
life-saving information that is so readily avail-
able," he said. "We want to normalize testing
especially for those who are sexually active.


AnTw Lant to increase the frequer
ing every six months for those wi
ate sexual life styles and every
for those with very active e e
But Evans says that fr Bf ,
is just one of many heal erns
communities. -
"HTV/AIDS i, P s'iE ong
which.' tely rep
he sait is be
stated by "- we hav
taking better care o ees."
#.' -

n f test-
be months
facing our

a stack in
being devas-
ve to begin

Evans says that when Nati nal Black HIV/
AIDS Awareness Day was sitted in 2000, it
was because little attention wv being given to
how Blacks were more and mote becoming im-
pacted by the disease.:Today Je says the shift
has been slight witl+more f us being placed
on Blacks but not enough.
"Blacks7row rep An$0 percent of all new
HIV infecEt i i~'rcent of the overall in-
fections -t bad news," he said. "But
now the CDC and other health departments
allocate an equal number of dollars based on
Please turn to HIV/AIDS 10A



race heats


Election date still unclear
By D. Kevin McNeir

While County Mayor Carlos Alvarez must
face voters on March 15th in a widely-dis-
puted recall election, it seems the vultures
have already begun to circle as more can-
didates continue to file papers indicating
their intention to formally enter the race
to become the next mayor of Miami-Dade
Several weeks ago, Hialeah Mayor Julio
Robaina, 49, announced his candidacy. But
there is a growing list of other candidates
who are now making plans to gain more at-
tention from the public. So far the candi-
dates include: Marcelo Llorente, 33, a for-
mer state representative; Lazaro Gonzalez,
a Coral Gables retiree; and most recently,
County Commissioner Carlos Giminez.
Giminez has been an outspoken critic of
Alvarez since being elected to the Board in
But while candidates like Robaina and
Please turn to RACE 10A

Ohio forced mother's hand

By DeWayne Wickham

Kelley Williams-Bolar broke
the law when she falsified some
documents so her children
would have a chance at a bet-
ter education in a safer school.
But that law, which has turned
her into a convicted felon,
breaks Ohio's compact with its
The 40-year-old teacher's
aide was given two concurrent
five-year sentences two weeks
ago after a jury found her guilty
of two counts of tampering with
records. Williams-Bolar filed
forms in which she claimed her
two daughters lived in a nearby
suburb with her father. She
did this so they could attend a
school in the suburban Copley-
Fairlawn district instead of one
closer to the Akron housing

project where the girls actually
lived with her.
Judge Patricia Cosgrove re-
duced Williams-Bolar's sen-
tence to 10 days in jail and
two years of probation, and or-
dered her to perform 80 hours
of community service. She also
told the distraught mother that
she had to serve some time
"so that others who think they
might defraud the school sys-
tem, perhaps, will think twice."
In fact, it is the state of Ohio
- and the flawed system of
public education it created-
that has defrauded the chil-
dren of Williams-Bolar.
Since its creation in 1851,
the Buckeye State's constitu-
tion has required Ohio's Gen-
eral Assembly to "secure a
.thorough and efficient system
Please turn to MOTHER 10A

DELTA POWER: Four of the State's top political leaders and all members of Delta
Sigma Theta Sorority; Inc., attended their sorority's annual Founders Day Program
last Sunday: (1-r, top) Dr. Dorothy Bendross-Mindingall, M-D County School Board;
County Vice Chairwoman Audrey Edmonson; state Senator Larcenia Bullard and re-
tired Congresswoman Carrie P. Meek.

Eyes of the Middle East are

Protestors spread as neighbors watch intently

By Alice Fordham
BAGHDAD Television stations
in millions of homes from Yemen
to Syria are broadcasting blanket
coverage of protests against the re-
gime of President Hosni Mubarak.
Many viewers, even those sympa-
thetic to the Egyptians, are asking
whether this will help or hurt their
own nations.

"I have not heard anybody say
that it is a bad thing and that
Mubarak should stay in power,"
said Rami Zurayk, a professor at
the American University of Beirut,
in Lebanon's capital, who has been
supporting the protests via his
In Iraq, where more than 100
people have died in terrorist bomb-
ings in the past two weeks even

though political parties recently
reconciled, events in Cairo were
said to be having a profound effect
on the region.
"It looks like the demonstrations
are becoming an infection, spread-
ing," said Haider Nizar, a political
scientist at the Islamic University
in Najaf.

At a Shiite Muslim religious cer-
emony in Najaf, journalist Saad

on Egypt
Fakhreddine said people chanted
political slogans while walking the
road to the holy city. Shiites from
all over the Middle East can be
found in Najaf.
"Arab nations, change your be-
havior and free your people from
these kings," they said, according
to Fakhreddine.
In Yemen. protesters who drew
10,000 people in Sana last week
against President Ali Abdullah
Please turn to EGYPT 10A


82 62" 82" 64"


79" 63"


79 56"


74 62"


79 61"


78 560

S98 II 015 1I'I00l 0







Easing gun laws is a

move towards chaos
By now everyone in Florida is aware of the tragic
police shootings at the hands of two wanted
criminals: Johnny Simms and Hydra Lacy. And
it is also known that because of their criminal records,
neither man should have had a gun in their possession.
What we don't know is what rules of logic, or lack there-
of, are our lawmakers in the Florida Legislature using
that have prompted them to pitch a series of bills that
would ease the regulation of guns rather than tighten

All three of the gun-control bills that are now being
bandied about in Tallahassee have the endorsement of
the National Rifle Association one of the most pow-
erful lobbies in the State. And of course, their cronies
from among the Republican-majority are serving as
their spokespersons or so it appears.

One state Senator has gone so far as to say that we
have to get more guns in the hands of law-abiding citi-
zens so they can protect themselves, further saying that
you "don't bring a knife to a gun fight."

Given their interpretation of our beloved metropolis,
our streets are becoming overrun with illegally-armed,
high school-dropout, hellbent, criminal elements that
must be stopped at all costs before another innocent
citizen becomes their target. And the best way to do that
is for all of us tax-paying, Republican-thumping men
and women to get our own Glocks so we can return to
the good old vigilante days when the Klan enjoyed Mi-
ami's beaches after Sunday morning worship when
"undesirables" knew how to stay in their place.

Sorry if we object, but we just don't find it prudent
to return to the days where shootouts on 'Main Street'
were the norm. This is not the Ponderosa folks -it's the
City of Miami.

Do we have a problem with the number of illegal guns
and the number of those who illegally possess them?
Of course we do. But to say there's nothing that our
law enforcement officials can do to remedy the situa-
tion is pure foolishness. Someone ships those guns into
Florida and someone is making a big profit to boot. We'
just wonder how many of those profit makers, includ-
ing those who hold stock in NRA-related businesses,
are Black.

It's called good old American supply and demand. But
until we change the laws so that they clamp down on
the shipment of arms, not just the street level thugs
who purchase them, we will continue to sink further
and further into chaos as we head towards unavoidable

Stop complaining and

vote next Tuesday

rrhe last time Blacks voted in record numbers was
in the general election in November 2008 when
we sent our nation's first Black president to the
White House. Sadly, we have since returned to our old
habits of staying home on Election Day. We tend to
make more excuses than an unfaithful spouse caught
in the act of cheating as to why we do what we do and
we have become adept at shirking our responsibilities.

In November 2010 voter turnout in South Florida's
three largest counties was abysmal and even lower than
the statewide average of 48.5 percent. Palm Beach: 46.7;
Miami-Dade: 41.4 percent; Broward: 40.9 percent. And
as one would expect, voter turnout among Blacks was
even worse.

The irony is that just a generation ago, Blacks were be-
ing harassed, kidnapped, raped, tortured and lynched
just because we had the audacity to confront the pow-
ers-that-be and demand our voting rights. How soon we

Now the reason for not voting that remains etched on
the mouths of far too many Blacks is "none of the can.
didates is worth my vote." Young people are notorious
at using this rationale for why they found other more
important things to do than vote on Election Day. But
old school "Gs" use it too when necessary.

We counter such ludicrous claims by asking if our
children and leaders of tomorrow are worth doing our
homework today so we know where each of the candi-
dates- stand. We must make an informed decision and
then we must make our way, rain or shine, to the booths
to cast our vote.

Good or bad, right or wrong, qualified or unqualified,
someone on the ballot is going to win.

We can either influence the outcome of the race or stay
home watching reruns of Good Times only to later won-
der where the good times have gone.

ie :liami Cimefl

(ISSN 0739-0319)
Published Weekly at 900 NW 54th Street,
Miami, Florida 33127-1818
Post Office Box 270200
Buena Vista Staton Miami, Florida 33127
Phone 305-694-6210
H.E. SIGISMUND REEVES. Founder, 1923-1968
GARTH C. REEVES, JR., Editor 1972-1982
GARTH C. REEVES, SR., Publisner Emeritus
RACHEL J. REEVES, Publisher and Chairman

The cry for change and free-
dom across Egypt sheds a pro-
phetic light on the future of
the entire continent of Africa.
As the media from around the
world continues to be focused on
the massive street demonstra-
tions that called for a change
of the leadership in Egypt, it
is incumbent for Blacks to see
the broader socioeconomic,
political, and cultural implica-
tions. Egypt is one of the oldest
nations in the world. It has a
diverse population of more than
80 million people. While the
Western media characterizes
Egypt as an Arab nation located
in the Middle East, it is actually
located in Northern Africa and
is an African nation.
African people on the conti-
nent and throughout the Dias-
pora of African people should
be interested in the ultimate
outcome of the current crisis in
Egypt. In the 21st Century, the
majority of people in Egypt and
throughout Africa are demand-
ing an end to centuries of pov-
erty. All governments should be
critically aware that the elimi-
nation of poverty has to be a top
priority. The failure of political
leaders to take effective steps to
end poverty will only certainly
encourage the cry and demand
for political change.
If you looked at what demo-

Member of National Newspaper Publisher Association
Member of the Newspaper Association of America
Subscription Rates: One Year, $45.00 Six Months $30.00 Foreign $60.00
7 percent sales tax for Florida residents
Periodicals Postage Paid at Miami, Florida
Postmaster: Send address changes to The Miami Times, PO. Box 270200
Buena Vista Station, Miami, FL 33127-0200 305-694-6210

The Black Press believes that America can best lead the
world Irom racial and national antagonism when it accords to
every person regardless ol race, creed or color, his or her
human and legal rights Hating no person, fearing no person,
the Black Press strives to help every person in the firm belief
that all persons are hurt as long as anyone is held back.


Auoal Bureau o Crculations

rr i"-"

graphic of people that mainly ability to use technology in a ing place in Egypt to remem-
got the movement for change go- sustained, disciplined manner. ber that 2012 is next year and
ing inside of Egypt, it was over- The end result of what will their voices and votes need to
whelmingly young people. The happen in Egypt is in the be counted in the next nation-
youth of Africa are demanding hands of the Egyptian people. al elections in the U.S.
and taking social action for The emerging leadership of new The truth is more must be
change. Such was the case in youthful leaders is encourag- done also here as well to end
Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Moroc- ing. When the government of poverty and injustice. While
co, the Ivory Coast and in the Egypt led by President Hosni what is now happening in
Sudan. How are the youth tak- Mubarak made a decision early Egypt and in other parts of
ing social action? First through in the crisis to cut off the In- Africa or in other nations may
the use of the Internet and so- ternet access to millions of seem like a far away place, we
cial media: Twitter, Facebook, Egyptians, it only showed the live in a closer global village.
YouTube and other Internet ser- Egyptians and others through-, We should learn from the situ-.
vices. The first peaceful street out the world how useful the In- ation in Egypt. We should be
more than a distant witness.
We offer our prayers and sup-
frican people on the continent and throughout the Dias- port to the people of Egypt. We
pora of African people should be interested in the ulti- hope that the final transition
of leadership and outcome will
mate outcome of the current crisis in Egypt. serve the interests and aspira-
tions of the Egyptian people.
The future of Africa will be
protests in Egypt were actually ternet can be as a tool to bring determined by African people.
organized by the April 6 Youth about social change. Poverty should be eliminated
Movement. Of course, we all remember everywhere. We all have to
The point here is to empha- how useful and game-changing work harder to ensure more
size, once again, the impor- it was in 2008 for the election social and economic progress.
tance of youth consciousness of President Barack Obama The cry for human freedom
and youth activism. Whether to use the Internet and social and a better way of life is a
it is in Africa, Europe, Asia, media to mobilize millions of universal cry. Because of our
or in the Americas, the youth new young voters. But, the Tea history, as an African people,
of the world are justified in Party and others in opposition we cannot and should not
their demands and actions to to President O ama will be us- "ever turn~ a deaf er td'otlers
end poverty, corruption, war ing that same technology to who yearn and struggle for
and injustice. The youth of benefit their politics. It would freedom, justice, and equal-
Egypt should be .saluted for be well if millions of Black, La- ity. We stand in solidarity
their sense of moral and politi- .tino and other youth who are with our Egyptian brothers
cal outrage matched with their witnessing what is now tak- and sisters.


Egypt, economic justice and the rest of us
People took it to the streets at the end of December. Also If Tunisia sparked Egypt, what matters. President Mubarak
in Egypt on Tuesday, Janu- fuelled by high unemployment will Egypt spark? The rever- has been disingenuous in dis-
ary 25, and they've been on and a high-profile self-immo- berations may not only be felt solving his cabinet, appointing
the streets ever since. They've lation, the protest energy in in the Arab world, but also in a military vice president and
been demanding the removal Tunisia led to the exile of Pres- sub-Saharan Africa, where sending tanks to the streets.
of President Hosni Mubarak, ident Ben Ali and to a move to- there are also despots and dic- We appreciate Egypt because
and agitating for "freedom, de- ward a transition to democracy tatorships, a growing gap be- they have stood in the gap for
mocracy, and change". Un- there. The spark a man who tween the wealthy and the im- us in the Middle East. Yet, as
employment is high, economic a democracy, we must support
opportunity is low, and people cries for freedom and economic
are so frustrated that they are lhe United States dances on a dime with Egypt. We are justice.
taking it to the streets. In a democracy, we support democracy, and President When I reflect on the fact that
Egypt, at least 40 percent of Obama has pushed President Mubarak on these mat- people in Tunisia and Egypt
the population lives in poverty, have taken it to the streets
on less than $2 a day. The ters. President Mubarak has been disingenuous in dissolving his on economic issues, I wonder
population of 80 million skews cabinet, appointing a military Vice President, and sending tanks to about economic justice in the
young, with an average age of the streets. United States. While we have
24 (in contrast, the average the possibility of political par-
age in the US is 36). President ticipation that both Egypt and
Mubarak, at 82, seems out of could not find a job, so sold poverished. If people are able Tunisia lack, there are sectors
touch with the population. fruit on the street, but had to remove despots in Tunisia of our population that feel as
The gap is not really about his produce confiscated be- and Egypt, what will prevent marginalized around employ-
age. It is about class, about cause he did not have a permit them from removing those who ment issues. The official unem-
employment, about social to sell. Thousands vowed to do not encourage democracy in ployment rate, of 9.4 percent in
and economic justice. People avenge his death at his funer- other parts of the African con- December, can translate to as
are furious that the elites live al, and when they took it to the tinent? high as 28 percent for Blacks.
well while others scratch and streets, they sparked a move- It is important to note that And yet, President Obama's
scramble for a living. People ment for democracy and eco- these protests are both politi- State of the Union Address ad-
are appalled at a city called nomic justice. And, perhaps cal and economic. People want dressed unemployment, but
"Garbage City" that has been they also galvanized a region, democracy, and they also want did not directly address issues
broadcast on all the networks. Despots have a way of invok- an opportunity to participate of poverty. Those who were
As protests escalated, com- ing fear. They have a way of in a vibrant economy. They listening had to be frustrated
munication was stopped. The quelling opposition before it want to work, they want to that our leader did not give
Internet was down in Egypt even galvanizes. A harrow- thrive, and they are clear that even a nod to their pain. Will
during part of the protests, ing self-immolation in Tunisia the playing field is not level; this frustration ever spill into
and cell reception was also pushed thousands into the that the elites extract surplus the streets? Will we ever de-
knocked out. Despite these streets there, and they suc- value from them, and that mand social and economic jus-
obstacles, social networking ceeded in removing Ben Ali. their lives will not change until tice with the same vigor as the
has connected protesters and The Tunisian protest may.have the economic rules change. Egyptian people? There are
kept us at least somewhat in- emboldened and empowered The U.S. dances on a dime many differences between the
formed. others, because actions in Tu- with Egypt. We are a democra- situation in the U.S. and that
Was the uprising in Egypt nisia made it clear that des- cy, we support democracy, and in Egypt, but the frustration
expected? It should have been potic power is not absolute in President Obama has pushed over poverty and economic in-
given the uprisings in Tunisia the face of popular opposition. President Mubarak on these justice is universal.

"... I for one believe that if you give people a thorough
understanding of what confronts them and the basic causes that pro-
duce it, they'll create their own program, and when the people create
a program, you get action ...
Malcolm X


Egypt and the future of Africa

In the January 26th story (1A) on County Commissioner Audrey
Edmonson's new role as vice chairwoman for the County Board of
Commissioners, we incorrectly stated that summers and vacations of her
formative years were spent with her grandmother. In fact, those years
were spent with her aunts and cousins; her grandmother died when Ed-
monson was very young.







~r .

" ---- ----



1 PROMOT, MR~o 4y ,
\ '. /..--

.-- .



s It


Miami schools still failing our kids
Christmas vacation is over magnet schools to help stu- and state budget officials are al- educa
and with the passing of another dents focus on specific areas of ready predicting draconian cuts private
Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday, the arts and sciences again to the public school system. specif
thousands of public students the results of these programs 'Welcome to Rick Scott's Flor- Such
around the state are beginning are mixed. Then there is the ul- ida. been 1
the arduous task of preparing tra-controversial idea of linking Perhaps it is time to scrap all elites,
for the Florida Comprehensive teachers' pay to the success of of our current ideas about pub- on-cai

Assessment Test (FCAT). The
curriculum in every elementary
and high school will switch to
teaching students test-taking
skills and how to thrive under
the intense pressure of a state-
mandated aptitude test.
Whether this years-old as-
sessment test has improved
public education in Florida
is still up for debate. The one
thing that is clear is that none
of the recent reforms that have
been used to turn around the
state's ailing public schools
have worked. Legislators have
tried the carrot and stick ap-
proach to school reform: im-
prove test scores and get more
school funding. The state has
adopted the creation of special

t is doubtful that things with get any better even with a re-
configured Miami-Dade County School Board and a newly-
elected state governor. Money in the state of Florida is tight
and state budget officials are already predicting draconian cuts to
the public school system.

their students.
How much longer will we al-
low politicians to use our pre-
cious children as guinea pigs
in this failed public education
It is doubtful that things with
get any better even with a re-
configured Miami-Dade County
School Board and a newly-
elected state governor. Money
in the state of Florida is tight

lic school reform and try some-
thing radically different. Maybe
we should admit what we have
known for the past two de-
cades: the public school system
in Florida has failed its Black
Call me a radical but I'd like to
see the local school board give
every dollar it collects for the
education of Black students to
a commission of highly-trained

high s
and g
to cla
do the
from 1
If w
are w
rent fi
be wa

tors who would create
e, preparatory schools
ically for Black students.
prep schools, which have
.ong available to the white
could be complete with
mpus housing, medical
es and top-notch teachers
could prepare our Black
nts for the Ivy League.
at good is the best magnet
school in the "hood" if stu-
must maneuver their way
gh dangerous drug zones
;ang turfs in order to get
ss? How can our children
eir best each night when
amt social problems at
steer their attention away
their FCAT-related home-

e truly want change, we
some big thinkers who
killing to toss out the cur-
ailed public school system
ach. Otherwise, Miami-
schools will continue to
rehouses for failure.


Is Scott fighting the voters'

In the November elections, be the actions of a new governor will force
Florida voters passed Amend- who has promised to be open The b(
ments 5 and 6, which made it and transparent, that the
difficult for legislators to draw But the trail of deception does spoken
up, districts that favor political not only stop with our governor; accept t
parties [the amendments require other legislative leaders have House S
the Legislature to draw political joined in with lawsuits. Corrine has resi
districts along nonpartisan stan- Brown, Mario Diaz-Balart and bers to
dards]. Every 10 years the rep- Dean Cannon have joined forces ing Comn
resentatives re-draw the maps
for each district based on the
census. Both amendments were t appears that our governor is using h
passed by 63 percent of the citi- reason to slow down the implement
zens and under the Federal Vot- ments it seems he is more concern
ing Rights Act, Florida needs to
get "pre-clearance" of any chang- own agenda.
es to iis elections laws that af-
fect minority rights. Outgoing
Governor Charlie Crist had filed with the lawsuit to fight re-dis- whether
the paperwork seeking approv- tricting. For some reason our our lead
al with the U.S. Department of leaders do not think that the vot- ernor ai
Justice on December 10, 2010. ers are ready to make informed House a
Three days after Governor Rick decisions. ence whi
Scott took office, he instructed It appears that our governor ing their
his Secretary of State to halt is using his executive order as a Senate
and actually recall the first steps reason to slow down the imple- Nan Ric
to put the voters' mandate into mentation of the two amend- ten by I
action. The governor secretly ments it seems he is more the gove:
blocked the paperwork without concerned with promoting his the majc
letting any of his constituents own agenda. And several legisla- For him
know. This does not appear to tors are afraid that new districts ill-advise


Them out of a job.
ottom line however, is
people in Florida have
and our leaders should
heir decisions. Instead
Speaker Dean Cannon
listed appointing mem-
the House Redistrict-
mittee. The question is

lis executive order as a
tion of the two amend-
ned with promoting his

It appears that many of
lers including the gov-
nd the Speaker of the
re utilizing their influ-
ch may border on abus-
SDemocratic Leader
h said in article writ-
Kenneth Quinnell, "For
rnor to shun the will of
)rity is unconscionable.
to now hide behind his
;d executive order is

absurd. The decision to freeze
regulations and contracts has
already unleashed a nightmare
for those businesses eager to get
to work. Apparently, shutting
down jobs was not enough, now
he is shutting down the voice of
the people."
If the governor cannot be trust-
ed to implement an amendment
that Florida residents voted for,
it makes you wonder with what
else he cannot be trusted.
It is too early to start a fight
but all Floridians must keep
their eyes open. The citizens
have spoken and our expecta-
tion is that the new governor will
support the residents that he
now serves.
Roger Caldwell, 59, is a How-
ard University graduate, commu-
nity activist and political writer
for Black publications throughout
the Southeast. His column, The
Scott Report, will analyze Flori-
da's new governor and see how
his campaign promises translate
into initiatives and laws. The Or-
lando resident can be reached at
jet38@bellsouth. net.


Black conservatives speak on State of the Union address

... "-IB With the completion of Presi- Project 21 Black leadership net-
dent Obama's second State of the work are assessing the President's
Union Address, members of the rhetoric before Congress and the

Some state legislators want to make it easier for citizens to legally

carry guns. Do you think such policies are good for our community?
S A.. MAR7IVnrn T1 P^ T _11-i T -_,- U Ii Cd 1 -I- l r- -- 1

Well, it de-
pends. I car-
ry a licensed
firearm and
I know that
those who
don't have
licenses for

their guns
normally use it for the wrong
reason. So, if they have proper
criteria, like getting the right
license to care a firearm, then
I'm okay with that. But if the
law would let them carry a fire
arm without a license, then
I'd oppose it. I'd be strongly
against that.

Miami, unemployed

That kind of
law wouldn't
be a good
thing for our
community, 6;* b '
not really. P

lersonaUlllly, il t carry llre-
arms. I just don't believe in it. I
think the only ones who should
carry firearms are law enforce-
ment officers because they
have to protect the community.

Brownsville sub, chef

No, they
make it eas-
ier because "' '
then it would
be like the
old days with
cowboys and
Indians. Be-
sides, people
do what they want to do any-
way. They can get their hands
on guns, legally or illegally eas-
ily. So what difference would a
new policy make?

Miami, unemployed

No, they shouldn't make a
new policy like that. We need to

geL 1L Logether
first before we
worry about
who can carry
guns, espe-
cially here in
Liberty City.
We should be
working on

right now, Ue-
ing able to
protect your-
self would be
a good thing.

things like
helping the homeless, this job
situation and getting help to
Sthe elderly. I think the crime
rate is crazy but we should
try to work with kids first, go
TO their schools and talk with
them -teach them about who
they are and what they should
be protecting before we ever let
them carry guns.

Miami, retired

Yes, I think they should allow
them to carry weapons as long
as they have a screening pro-
cess. I'm sure they would have
to qualify for the right to carry
a gun. I'm not a violent person
but with the way of the world


Miami, freelance designer

have a policy
like that at
all. If they did, -,;
it would be
like the Wild, 1 --
Wild West if ,
had access to
the guns. I think it would be
chaos. Some people just don't
need to have weapons.

direction in which he wants to
take the nation:
Mychal Massie: "Has Obama
had an epiphany, or is he still
dazed from his shellacking from
the American people in the No-
vember elections? From the be-
ginning, he was a free-spending
Keynesian. Now he's talking
about capping spending and end-
ing earmarks. It's inconsistent
with his advocacy thus far. It's too
much like when Bill Clinton de-
clared that the 'era of big govern-
ment' was over back in his 1996
address. Changing the language
without changing the behavior
is nothing more than obfusca-
tion, and would signal that the
only one Obama seeks to benefit
is himself." (Mychal Massie is the
chairman of the Project 21 Black
leadership network.)
Coby W. Dillard: "President
Obama tried to convince us to-
night that the state of the union
needs additional and new 'invest-
ment' to be strong. One only needs
to look at the investment that was
the stimulus to see how spending
borrowed money and blowing up
the national debt was no solution.
The new Congress was elected
to stop the blank checks and to
rein in a government operating
in a manner that would destroy
households or businesses. Only
when President Obama makes the
tough choices regarding removing
the barriers to job growth, con-
trolling entitlements and embrac-
ing fiscal responsibility will we see
out union grow stronger." (Coby
W. Dillard is a member of Project
21 and a founder of the Hampton

Roads Tea Party in southeastern
Lisa Fritsch: "If we are really
serious about having American
students 'Race to the Top' to be
innovative and compete with the
likes of China and India, then
we'd better get serious about fo-
cusing on teaching math and sci-
ence like China and India rather
than sex education, diversity ini-
tiatives and healthy eating habits.
And let's do away with talk of the
DREAM Act and wake up to the
reality that legal immigration and
citizenship is a prerequisite to our
innovation and sovereignty. Not
until we get serious about pro-
tecting our borders and defend-
ing our American values can we
truly educate, prepare and utilize
those who desire to be productive
American citizens." (Lisa Fritsch
is a member of Project 21 and a
freelance writer and talk show
host in Austin, Texas.)
Cherylyn Harley LeBon: "After
two years in office and a steady
rise in unemployment, Americans
are still waiting for a plan for job
growth from this president. 'In-
novation,' 'education' and 'infra-
structure' are wonderful words
which are meaningless unless
they translate into jobs TODAY.
The American people need to get
back to work, pay their mortgages
and put food on the table. At the
moment, we are less concerned
about initiatives which will come
to fruition in 25 years." (Cherylyn
Harley LeBon is a member of Proj-
ect 21 and a former senior coun-
sel on the Senate Judiciary Com-


Miami, stockroom worker
ra.z L.

I _

- - *

.. -. ..".- -.

"n '" "






III M A ,- - I

Murder of Ugandan activist parallels Holocaust

By Nathan James

Seventy-three years ago,
Germans awoke one morn-
ing to read in the Volkischer
Beobachter, a virulently anti-
Semitic, anti-gay newspaper,
that their Jewish and gay
neighbors had been publicly
identified and targeted for
death. The paper's editors
decried Jews and gays as
"threats to Germany's chil-
dren," and to their society as
a whole. What followed was
a November night known in
history as "Kristallnacht," or
the "Night Of Broken Glass."
Jewish-owned businesses
were targeted for destruc-
Stion, and public roundups of
"known Jews and homosexu-
als" were conducted. Pub-
lic beatings and killings oc-
curred all over Germany, with
the tacit approval of the Nazi
government. The use of the
press to single out these "hat-
ed" groups facilitated the orgy

of violence that followed. The
unspeakable program of
state-sanctioned murder that
followed, the Holocaust, was
aided and abetted by millions
of ordinary Germans and en-
couraged by their newspapers
- all in the effort to search
out anyone who was "socially
Fast forward to 2011. A
Uganda newspaper, the Roll-
ing.Stone, publishes a list of
100 gays and lesbians, com-
plete with their photographs
and home addresses. The pa-
per calls for their death, in-
voking a "threat to Uganda's
children," from these "ho-
mosexuals who want to re-
cruit" them. The newspaper
was held liable for damages
caused to those named in
its article, ordered to end its
practice of inciting violence
and ordered to compensate
the plaintiffs.
But like 1938 Germany,
the damage had already been
done: now the news comes


Guinean President Alpha
Cond6 took office last month
vowing to review all mining
that a gay man named in the
Rolling Stone hit piece, David
Kato, has been bludgeoned to
death in his Mukono home -
in broad daylight. And while
tAe details are too gory to list,
it has been confirmed that
Kato was attacked and struck
repeatedly with a hammer and
left in his home to die.

The prominent LGBT (Lesbi-
an, Gay, Bisexual,Transgender)
activist, who served as the ad-
vocacy officer of Sexual Mi-
norities Uganda (SMUG), had
received "numerous" death
threats since the article. An-
ti-gay sentiment, encouraged
by right-wing religious figures
here in the U.S., is at an all-
time high in the Central Af-
rican country, whose Parlia-
ment is considering a bill to
make homosexuality a capital
offense. There's even a provi-
sion in the proposed law which
makes anyone who fails to re-
port a "known homosexual" to
the authorities liable to impris-
onment. A widespread public
campaign to garner support
for the "Kill The Gays" law is
being led by Parliament mem-
ber David Bahati, the bill's au-
thor, who has traveled as far
as Washington, D.C, seeking
support for his legislation.
Meanwhile, the the govern-
ment of Uganda remains si-

By David Gauthier-Villars

Alpha Cond6, the new presi-
dent of Guinea, pledges to do
what none of his predecessors
have: Harness vast iron-ore re-
serves contained in the Siman-

w i

Guinean President Alpha
Cond6 took office last month
vowing to review all mining

dou mountain chain to give the
West African country one of the
continent's most prosperous
To succeed where others
have failed, Cond6 is revisiting
an existing Simandou mining
contract with Anglo-Australian
miner Rio Tinto, as well as
other pacts signed by his pre-
decessors. Foreign investors,
no matter how big, will have to
follow rules or leave Guinea, he
"No more impunity," he says
in an interview. "We will look
into all mining deals."

The stakes for Guinea are
huge. A country the size and
population of Michigan, the
nation of 10 million people is
among the world's poorest.
With the Simandou and other
mining projects, Guinea could
export 350 million metric tons
of iron-ore annually, putting it
among the world's top export-
ers of the mineral, a key ingre-
dient in steel.

But as Cond6 tries to unwind
,more than a decade's worth
of deals that haven't yielded
much, he risks painting Guinea
as a nation that can't be relied
on to, respectits past-business
That tension illustrates a
common challenge to conduct-
ing business in Africa. Even
as elections and transparent
governance become more wide-
spread, political risks remain'
significant for investors big and
small. Changes in government
frequently change the tilt of a
country's playing field, bringing
some investors into favor while
ushering out others.
Such challenges currently are
on full display in Ivory Coast,
where foreign and Ivorian com-
panies have been caught in the
cross-fire between claimants to
the presidency.
The Nov. 28 run-off between
incumbent Laurent Gbagbo
and Alassane Ouattara was
supposed to stabilize a shaky
political situation and spur an
economic recovery. Instead, the
dispute has undermined both.
Although most countries recog-
nize Ouattara the winner, Gbag-

-Agence France-Presse/Getty Images
Ivory Coast's disputed election is pushing up cocoa prices.
-Above, workers load beans at the Port of Abidjan.

bo has refused to step down.

Ouattara has tried to deprive
his rival of any funds, even if
it means striking at the heart
of the country's economy. He
called for Ivory Coast to sus-
pend coffee and cocoa exports
this week. Cargill Inc., a major
multinational exporter in the
country, said it has heeded that
call, while Archer Daniels Mid-
land Co. said it was consider-
ing a halt. The ferment in the
world's largest cocoa producer
pushed futures to one-year
highs this week.

Meanwhile, the tightrope
Cond6 is walking is being du-
plicated in South Africa, where
a unit of mining giant Anglo
American PLC is fighting over
an iron-ore contract. Similar
disputes are playing out over
oil in Ghana and Uganda and

over diamonds and copper in
Liberia and Congo.
The challenge is to revisit
past contracts, which often
implies colliding with power-
ful corporations, without in-
dustry grinding to a halt.
"Guinea's new authorities
must sift through contracts
to check what was legal and
what wasn't," says Ibrahima
Soumah, a former Guinean
minister of mines. "But a radi-
cal approach, a big shake-up
won't help anybody."
In Guinea, the Simandou
contracts are just some of
several that are under review
in disputes with companies
from Russia, China and the
U.S. And the outcome of the
Simandou dispute is likely to
rattle at least one powerful
international investor: either
Rio Tinto or rival Vale SA of
Brazil. Aluminum Corporation
of China also has a dog in the

Arab unrest spreading

Protests rock Yemen; opposition leader returns to Egypt

L --


Imam stirs confusion

regarding Islam center

By Paul Vitello

.Two weeks after the devel-
oper of a controversial Islamic
center and mosque planned
near ground zero distanced
himself from the imam who
co-founded the project, the
imam has raised confusion
over who is in charge by sug-
gesting that he would move
the center to a less conten-
tious space if an opportunity
The imam, Feisal Abdul
Rauf, told the editorial boar4
of The Buffalo News last week
during a speaking tour in up-
state New York that if some-
one offered another site, "I
would move; I would move be-
cause my whole life is about
improving relationships with
Sharif el-Gamal, the real
estate investor who owns the
property and co-founded the
project, known as Park5l1,
with Abdul Rauf in 2009,
has insisted that he will
build the community cen-
ter and mosque as originally
planned: at 51 Park Place in
Lower Manhattan.
Despite vociferous opposi-
tion from families of 9/11
victims and others who have
said it would be insensi-
tive to build''h t' Iladmi8 'i-
ter two blocks from the site
of .the terrorist attacks, the
plan has received site ap-
provals from the city's Land-
marks Commission and the
neighborhood 'community
board. Gamal acknowledges,
though, that fund-raising for
the $100 million project is in
its early stages.
Differences between Gamal
and Abdul Rauf, which were
apparently papered over dur-
ing a summer-long storm of
opposition to the project, led
to their recent split, which
Gamal announced unilateral-
ly on Jan. 14. In a statement
then, Gamal said Abdul Rauf
would no longer raise mon-
ey for or speak on behalf of
Park51, though he would re-
main one of four on its board
of directors.
On Monday, Gamal issued
a statement reiterating his in-
dependence from the imam:
"As we have been stating for
over a yeakt now, Park51 is

not moving its location under
any circumstances. Imam
Feisal has no authority or
control over this project, over
its board of directors or over
Soho Properties, which con-
trols the real estate. Park51,
the Islamic Community Cen-
ter in Lower Manhattan, is
more than any one personal-
ity or imam."
In a brief interview on'
Monday, Abdul Rauf said
he had accepted his lower
profile in the Park51 proj-
ect, which he has always re-
ferred to as Cordoba House.
"Because Sharif owns the
real estate, he has taken
this responsibility upon
himself," Abdul Rauf said.
"So I have decided to con-
centrate on broader issues,
interfaith dialogue, which
has always been my work."
He said his remark about
his willingness to move the
center, which was in answer
to a question, was consis-
tent with his previous state-
ments. In past interviews,
Abdul Rauf has sometimes
said he opposed moving the
center, and sometimes said
he was open to the idea.
A new imam, Abdallah Ad-
hami, was to take up Abdul
Raufs role in leading Friday
'rOltgiouL'seh-ices in a ten"r
porary prayer space at the
project site, a former cloth-
ing store, Gamal announced
last month.

The building in Lower
Manhattan that developers
hope to replace with an Is-
lamic community center and
a mosque.

By Matt Bradle and Bill Spindle

The popular unrest sweep-
ing across the Middle East sent
thousands of protesters into the
streets of Yemen and drew an
exiled opposition leader home to
riot-wracked Egypt, as questions
mounted over who will benefit
from the convulsions in the Arab
Nobel Peace Prize laureate and
pro-democracy figure Mohamed
ElBaradei returned to Egypt re-
cently, ahead of protests planned
recently that promise to be the
region's largest demonstration
yet. The upheavals inspired by
the popular overthrow of Tuni-
sia's authoritarian president less
than two weeks ago-place Egypt
at the center of the tectonic rum-
blings for change across the re-
In Yemen, thousands marched
through San'a, the capital, in one
of the largest protests seen in
this autocratic nation in years.
Secularist and Islamist protest-
ers intermingled to shout for the
removal of President Ali Abdullah
Saleh, a key U.S. ally in the glob-
al fight against terrorism, whose
government has long been criti-
cized domestically for repression


Anti-government protesters march recently in Radfan, southern
Yemen. Yemenis also demonstrated in San'a, the capital, to seek
the ouster of the country's president, as dissent mounted across
the Middle East.

and corruption.
The government of Algeria was
considering a broad government
shuffle amid two weeks of spo-
radic rioting there, people famil-
iar with the discussions said.
And in Tunisia, where protesters
continue to call for the removal
of officials associated with the
old regime, the caretaker govern-
ment dropped two cabinet offi-
cials who were close to the freshly

ousted president.
The day's events extended a
mood of astonishment that has
taken hold in the region over the
past two weeks. Suddenly, Arab
regimes long viewed as invulner-
able are being challenged.
The domestic equation, and the
relative .strength of Islamist forc-
es within the opposition, varies
markedly from country to coun-
try. Yemen, for instance, has a

strong Islamist element. But
the common strand in the more
economically advanced Tunisia
and Egypt, observers in these
countries say, is that demonstra-
tions have started largely among
Internet-savvy, middle-class citi-
zens. As these protests have been
viewed on regional television net-
works by a broader audience,
still more people have been em-
That is expected to be the case
in Egypt, the Arab world's most
populous nation, where Tues-
day's demonstrations were the
largest in three decades. Organiz-
ers and observers say the dem-
onstrations set to take place after
the noon prayers on last Friday, a
day when most Egyptians are off
work, promise to be larger still.
Obama administration officials
cautioned against drawing paral-
lels across the region but pushed
broadly for governments to re-
"The status quo in the Middle
East and North Africa is not sus-
tainable," said State Department
spokesman P.J. Crowley. "They
have young populations that are
looking for more than their re-
spective countries and govern-
ments are currently giving them."

Mining fight shows pressures on multinationals

Rio Tinto's troubles as Guinea seeks iron-ore -3 t

riches reflect tensions at play across continent .

~"~_1~:1~44~'. ~"

I t




By Mimi Hall

plea for a new era of Anerican
innovation, President Obama
on Tuesday urged a politically
divided Congress to invest in
education and technology to
help the nation compete in an
exploding global marketplace.
"At stake is whether new jobs
and industries will take root
in this country or somewhere
else," Obama said in his sec-
ond State of the Union Ad-
He invoked the space race
with the Soviets a half-century
ago, noting the United States
began behind and ultimately
triumphed. "This is our gen-
eration's Sputnik moment," he
The president, who congrat-
ulated the new Republican
House Speaker John Boehner
of Ohio, said reinforcing the
nation's slow economic recov-
ery will be difficult and insisted
the only way to make progress
is to bring an end to the parti-
sanship in Washington. "What
comes of this moment will be
determined not by whether
we sit together tonight, but
whether we can work together
tomorrow," he told lawmakers.
Dozens of Republicans and
Democrats sat side-by-side
in a show of comity after this
month's shooting in Tucson
of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-
Ariz., who received an ovation
when Obama noted her ab-
Republicans, many of whom
were elected on promises to
make deep spending cuts and
tackle the ballooning deficit,
stayed focused on that task.
"We face a crushing burden
of debt. The debt will soon
eclipse our entire economy,
and grow to catastrophic lev-
els in the years:.ahead,'. House

--Official White House Photo by Pete Souza
President Barack Obama greets Sen. Tom Coburn, R-Okla., as he enters the House Chamber
at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., for the State of the Union address, Jan. 25.

Budget Committee Chairman
Paul Ryan, R-Wis., who de-
livered the GOP response to
Obama's speech.
In what the. White House
called a down payment on
annual deficits, Obama pro-
posed extending to five years
the partial spending freeze he
proposed last year. He said the
freeze, which would not affect
entitlement and national se-
curity programs, would .save
$400 billion. Obama added
that his proposed fiscal 2012
budget, due mid-February, will
include "painful. cuts" "includ-

ing "tens of billions of dollars"
from the Defense department.
Boehner dismissed the
spending freeze. "Simply in-
adequate,' he said of Obama's
Even some of Obama's
friends griped a little. Senate
Majority Leader Harry Reid,
D-Nev., didn't like Obama's
pledge to veto bills with ear-
marks, the money lawmakers
include for special projects.
"It's a lot of pretty talk," Reid
Obama, however, stayed
optimistic. He said the gov-

ernment must build on its
economic progress through
targeted spending aimed at
better educating the nation's
children, developing clean en-
ergy sources, building a high-
speed rail network across the
country and helping business-
es provide wireless Internet
service to 98% of Americans.
"The steps we've taken over the
last two years may have bro-
ken the back of this recession,"
he said, "but to win the future,
we'll need to take on challeng-
es that have been decades in
the making."

an Illinois Republican
serving his first term, said
he won't join the House
Tea Party Caucus created
last year by Rep. Michele
Bachmann of Minnesota,
even though he embraces
the movement's ideals.

Tea Party seeks

standing in Washington


By Alan Gomez

Republicans rode the Tea Party
wave to Congress, Jenny Beth
Martin, co-founder of the Tea
.Party Patriots, kept hearing a
common refrain.
"There have been people that
said, 'If you really are going to
be taken seriously, at some
point you're going to have to
set up an office in D.C.,' said
the Atlanta resident.
So far, no office. The Tea Par-
ty Patriots, an umbrella orga-
nization that represents hun-
dreds of local Tea Party groups,
has hired eight full-time staff
members, but none of them
live or work full-time in Wash-
ington, and most business is
still done through e-mails and
conference calls. And while the
group has retained two pub-
lic relations firms to help with
news releases, Martin said it
will not hire lobbyists.
Martin and members of her
group are trying to extend the
same loosely knit structure
that helped them organize sup-
porters so well leading up to
the November elections. Mak-
ing that work in a city with
such a long history of politics
and procedure is proving dif-
The first meeting of the
Senate Tea Party Caucus is
scheduled for this morning,
organized by Republican Sens.
Jim DeMint, Rand Paul and

Mike Lee.
Some freshman senators
who received Tea Party sup-
port wonder whether a formal
caucus is the best way to de-
liver the promises of reduced
spending and a leaner govern-
ment. Republican Sen. Marco
Rubio of Florida has not yet
decided whether to join. GOP
Sen. Ron Johnson of Wiscon-
sin said he respects the Tea
Party but feels the Republican
Party operation can better ac-
complsh his goals of reversing
President Obama's agenda.
'I believe our best chance of
doing that is to work toward
a unified Republican Confer-
ence, so that's where I will put
my energy," Johnson said.
House members are having
similar difficulties figuring out
how the Tea Party will fit into
the D.C. establishment.
Rep. Adam Kinzinger, an Il-
linois Republican serving his
first term, said he won't join
the House Tea Party Caucus
created last year by Rep. Mi-
chele Bachmann of Minnesota,
even though he embraces the
movement's ideals.
"I don't think there's any-
thing wrong with (the caucus).
But I'm not here to represent
them or any individual inter-
est. I'm here to represent the
11th District," Kinzinger said.
"It's important to say, 'The Tea
Party asked us to come up here
and be independent legisla-
tors.' - ,. H


l ^1^ ^ /= .:.; ':; .

.^ A.. !, .\ .- .i .^* ".* .
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Black history belongs to all of us. It's not just other people's stories from the past. It's how these stories are passed down, reflected upon and used to start new chapters. In our schools, in

the workplace and in the community, new leaders are taking a stand and creating positive change every day. This shows us that Black History is alive and well. And this is why we celebrate.

Wells Fargo honors Black History and all pioneers of progress.


Together we'll go far

2011 Wells Fargo Bank N.A., All rights reserved. Member FDIC.

; --- ,
.;~.. ~ i
~~91a~ege~L-~ : ... ..
-----------ia~4---- ---:1 --: -
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U I- L I M I . -1 - w. II

Study: Mo. has nation's top Black homicide rate

By Bill Draper
Associated Press

KANSAS CITY, Mo.- Disputes
over hamburgers from fast-food
restaurants cost two Black St.
Louis residents their lives in
2008 and helped Missouri re-
claim its position as the state
with the nation's highest Black
homicide rate.
There were 287 Black homicide
victims in Missouri that year,
with 246 of those slaying either
in St. Louis or Kansas City, ac-
cording to statistics provided by
the FBI. The result is a Black ho-
micide rate of 39.90 per 100,000
Black residents, far higher than
Pennsylvania's rate of 31.05 per
Nationwide, the overall homi-
cide rate for 2008 was 4.93 per
100,000, according to the Vio-
lence Policy Center, which issued
its annual Black victimization
report recently.
"While Missouri has the high-
est rate of Black homicide vic-
timization, across the nation
this is a long-ignored crisis that
is devastating Black teens and
adults," said Josh Sugarmann,
executive director of the VPC and

co-author of the study.
Missouri has had one of the
.nation's top five Black homicide
rates in four of the last five re-
ports, including holding the top
spot in 2008 and No. 2 position
last year behind Pennsylvania,
another perennial member of the
list. Statistics used in each study
are from three years earlier, the
most recent available at the time
the reports are

"Unfortunately, with homi-
cides' in general, there is a ten-
dency to resolve disputes using
the barrel of a gun," said St.
Louis Police Department spokes-
woman Erica Van Ross. "Two of
our homicides in 2008 stemmed
from arguments over fast-food.
hamburgers. Two people are
dead because of arguments over
a burger. It's incredibly frustrat-

According to the report, more
than 75 percent of the victims
were killed by someone they
knew, and more than 80 percent
of the slaying were the result of
arguments between the victim
and killer. Guns were involved in
most cases.
"The question I ask is, how
as a police officer can I keep
two people who know each oth-
er from arguing?" said Kevin

Masters, deputy chief with the
Kansas City Police Department.
"When 81 percent of the violence
is based on an argument, and 75
percent know each other, I don't
know that there's a lot I can do."
Masters said he believes there
are more guns on the streets
than in the past, and though
there are some gun-rights folks
armed under the state's conceal-

carry law, most of guns in the
inner cities are in the hands of
people with less than good inten-
"Most of the guns are not be-
ing carried by law-abiding citi-
zens, but by thugs and thug
wannabe's," he said. "When two
thug wannabe's get into an ar-
gument and have guns, what's
going to happen next? Many of
them are acting before they think
about the consequences of their
Masters believes many peo-
ple also carry guns in the ur-
ban core because they think
they need them for protection.
He said there's a slogan on the
streets that says "I'd rather be
judged by 12 than carried by
five," meaning it's better to be
armed in case of a confrontation
and deal with legal implications
of shooting someone than to be
killed because the person wasn't
carrying a gun.
Also contributing to Missouri's
high numbers is a subculture of
violence, said John Hamilton, a
former Kansas City police officer
who now is an associate profes-
sor of criminal justice at Park

Feds to review attacks on police

SMarshall said. and or officer-screeners have
Authorities look for factors that are arsbeen positioned at the entranc-
DETROIT SHOOTING es to all nine police buildings in
fueling assaults on law enforcement Four officers were wounded the city as a precaution.
recently in Detroit when a gun- "We really don't know (what

By Kevin Johnson

Department is preparing to re-
view a rash of deadly attacks on
police following the fatal shoot-
ings of 10 officers since Jan. 1.
Bernard Melekian, the Jus-
tice Department's Community
Oriented Policing Services di-
rector, said analysts would
study whether deficits in train-
ing, resources or officer behav-
ior may have contributed to a
troubling series of violent at-
tacks in at least five states.
"I think it is too early to tell
if there is an underlying theme
here," Melekian said recently.
"The fact is that police work is
an inherently dangerous busi-
ness; very often you don't know
where the danger is coming
The Justice review comes af-
ter two officers were shot to
death in St. Petersburg, Fla.,
Monday while police in Miami
were mourning the murders of
two officers there.

"I have never seen anything
like it," said Craig Floyd, chair-
man of the National Law En-
forcement Officers Memorial
Fund, which closely tracks of-
ficer deaths. "We must do every-
thing in our power to stop these
senseless and heinous crimes
against our law enforcement
personnel," he said in a state-
The January shootings fol-
low a year in which overall po-
lice deaths increased 40 per-
cent from 2009, including a 20
percent spike in the number
killed by gunfire.
Less than a week before the
end of the month, the 10 fire-
arm-related police deaths mark
the third-highest January total
in the past 20 years, according

to the police memorial fund. -
"Coming off 2010, my gra-
cious, it's a really bad way to
start a new year," said Mark
Marshall, president of the Inter-
national Association of Chiefs
of Police.
Marshall, the police chief in
Smithfield, Va., said the as-
sociation is just beginning to
assemble a national database,
tracking assaults on police that
result in serious injury and

The database, part of the
Center for the i'Preverition of
Violence Against the Police,
will be used to help determine
whether new training or re-
sources are needed to better
deal with violent confronta-
"Clearly, there must be some
common denominators out
there," Marshall said. "If we
can identify some of them, we
can do some good, even if it
means one less officer is killed.
This is of great concern to us."
In recent years, police offi-
cials, including former Miami
police chief John Timoney,
have identified several factors
contributing to the violence.
Among them:
More desperate offenders
who are increasingly willing to
target police.
Officers' inconsistent use of
body armor. Some, including
the International Law Enforce-
ment Educators and Trainers
Association, have suggested
that up to half of all police do
not wear armor regularly.
Offenders' access to high-
caliber weapons.
"In some of these recent
shootings in St. Petersburg,
Miami and Detroit, it seems
like these people were ready
and willing (to target police),"

man entered a neighborhood drove Moore to attack)," Ste-
police precinct station and phens said.

opened fire.
Chuck Wexler, executive di-
rector of the Police Executive
Research Forum, a law enforce-
ment think tank, said many of
the violent encounters have pit-
ted police against high-risk of-
fenders being sought by police
in more focused efforts to com-
bat crime in their communities.
"In these high-risk encoun-
ters, we need to take a hard look
at how police are approaching
these situations," Wexler said.
In the Detroit attack, officers

Melekian said he hopes the
Justice Department review of
the shootings will be instruc-
"We'd like to produce a docu-
ment about what occurred that
addresses the issues of train-
ing, equipment and the state of
mind of the officers,"' Melekian
"A lot of what happens is in the
hands of the suspect. As an of-
ficer, you don't know who you've
talked to today who could have
killed you but decided not to."

IC rime ceneg

Miami Police officer charged with extortion
Another Miami Police officer has been arrested in a joint Miami Police Department --
FBI Public Corruption probe.
Officer Charley Braynen has been taken into custody after the joint investigation led
police to believe he was involved in extortion.
He has been charged with two counts of Extortion under the Color of Law.

Miami Police search for two robbery suspects
One man is in custody after allegedly firing shots inside a home during a robbery.
Police arrested Victor Medina, 30, who was identified by two of his four victims recently.
At about 11 a.m. police responded t6 a call in the 1100 block of SW 19th Avenue where
shots had been reported.
Two others are being sought by police in connection to the robbery-home invasion.
The two other suspects are described only as white Hispanic males, one in his mid-20s
and 160-170 pounds wearing a gray t-shirt.The other was last seen wearing black pants
and a t-shirt.
Anyone with information is urged to call the City of Miami Police Department's Robbery
Unit 305-603-6370 or Crime Stoppers of Miami Dade at 305-471-8477.

Fort Lauderdale
Suspect arrested in slaying of West Park man
Three days after a West Park businessman exchanged gunfire with a robber, fatally
wounding them both, the robber's accomplice was arrested in Miami; the Broward Sher-
iff's Office said recently.
The alleged accomplice, Leroi Ricardo Morris, 29, was charged with one count of mur-
der while engaged in a felony, stemming from the slaying of the businessman, O'Neil Leroy
Mignott, 39, the Sheriff's Office said.
According to a news release, Morris and James Rutledge, 28, of Pembroke Pines,
stormed into the warehouse where Mignott lived and ran his business Two Guys and a
Stereo, in the 5800 block of Southwest 25th Street.
Sheriff's Office investigators identified Morris as the man who witnesses saw fleeing
the scene. With the help from Miami police, deputies found and arrested Morris in a resi-
dential section of Miami.
Both robbery suspects had prior criminal histories, state records show.

Fort Lauderdale police investigating homicide
Police are calling the death of a woman whose body was found inside a house in Pro-
gresso Village a homicide, officials said recently.
Someone called police to report a possible homicide at the house in the 800 block of
Northwest Fourth Avenue. When officers entered the residence on Jan. 23, they found.the
woman's body, said Detective Travis Mandell.
The following day, the corner house was roped off with yellow police tape.
Police declined to release additional details.
Detectives ask anyone with information to contact Broward Crime Stoppers, anony-
mously at 954-493-8477.

Homeowner jailed after killing intruder

Baton Rouge man was booked
with manslaughter after alleg-
edly chasing a burglar out of his
house and shooting him outside.
Richard- J. Alexander, 28,
was booked Friday night in the
death of Keith Brown, 23, of
Baton Rouge, said Cpl. L'Jean
McKneely, a Baton Rouge police
.He said that once outside-.Al-..
exander's home, Brown was no
longer a threat, so Louisiana's
"shoot-a-burglar" law no lon-
ger applied, said Cpl. L'Jean
McKneely, a Baton Rouge police
"As soon as Alexander ran
Brown out of the house, he
should have disengaged and

called police," he told The Advo-
Alexander was freed on bond
Friday, according to the East
Baton Rouge Parish Sheriffs Of-
fice website. It did not give the
amount of his bond.
McKneely said Brown kicked
Alexander's door open and barged
in late Friday but Alexander
had a gun and chased Brown
through the. house, out, the back
door and down the driveway.
McKneely says Alexander called
police immediately after the
shooting. He told investigators he
shot because Brown pulled at his
waistline, McKneely said.
Alexander has an unlisted
number and could not be reached
for comment.

Man arrested with explosives at Michigan mosque

Roger Castillo and Amanda Haworth

barely had a chance to respond.
Police Sgt. Eren Stephens said
the gunman, Lamar Moore, en-
tered the station at 4:25 p.m.
and began blasting away with a
Two of the four wounded offi-
cers remain hospitalized. Moore,
the subject of a sex crime inves-
tigation at the time, was killed
in an exchange of gunfire.
In the aftermath of the attack,
Stephens said metal detectors

Addictions hit injured soldiers

Report says up to 35 percent are 'over-medicated'

By Gregg Zoroya

Medical officials estimate that
25 percent to 35 percent of
about 10,000 ailing soldiers as-
signed to special wounded-care
companies or battalions are ad-
dicted or dependent on drugs
- particularly prescription nar-
cotic pain relievers, according
to an Army inspector general's
report made public recently.
The report also found that
these formations known as War-
rior Transition Units created
after reports detailed poorly
managed care at Walter Reed
Army Hospital have become
costly way stations where ill,
injured or wounded soldiers
can wait more than a year for a
medical discharge.
Some soldiers have become so
irate about the delays in leaving
the Army that doctors, nurses
and other medical staff say they

have been assaulted in their
offices and threatened, or had
their private cars damaged or
tires flattened, the report says.
"I'm very concerned about
folks and their personal safety,"
says Army Col. Darryl Williams,
commander of Warrior Transi-
tion Units, of those specific al-
legations. "I'm going after that
really, really hard."
Williams, however, called into
question findings about high
rates of drug addiction and de-
pendency, saying these percent-
ages were based on estimates
made by case managers and
nurses working with* troops,
and are not statistically valid.
Most case managers and
nurses interviewed by investiga-
tors said 25 percent to 35 per-
cent of soldiers in warrior units
"are over-medicated, abuse pre-
scriptions and have access to il-
legal drugs."

They said most soldiers ar-
rive in the units with narcotics
provided by battlefield doctors
or military hospitals. They also
said a few soldiers under their
care are buying narcotics out of
pocket and may be mixing legal
and illegal drugs.
About three out of four sol-
diers in the warrior units either
leave the Army or active duty,
the report says.
After nine years of war, the
Army medical-discharge pro-
cess has become a bureaucratic
backlog where nearly 7,800 sol-
diers wait for their cases to be
reviewed. That's almost a 50
percent increase since 2007, ac-
cording to the investigation.
The "process is complex, dis-
jointed and hard to understand,
and takes approximately seven
to 24 months," the report says.
For the high-care warrior units,
it means many of their soldiers
wait more than a year for a med-
ical release from the Army.

DEARBORN, Mich. (AP) -
Authorities in Michigan say a
63-year-old California man who
had explosives with him has been
arrested outside one of the na-
tion's largest mosques in the De-
troit suburb of Dearborn.
Dearborn police say Roger
Stockham was arraigned recently
on one count of making a false
report or threat of terrorism and

one count of possessing explo-
sives with an unlawful intent. A
statement from police says Stock-
ham had class-C fireworks.
The Council on American-Is-
lamic Relations' Michigan chapter
says Stockham was arrested last
Monday in the parking lot of Is-
lamic Center of America.
Stockham remained jailed Sun-
day on a $500,000 bond.



This Friday, Jan. 21, shows a .
tour of school children arriving
at Constitution Hall in Lecomp- "
ton, Kan. One-hundred and fifty
years ago, the --
nation was on the verge I
of the Civil War and transfixed M l II
by the bloody fighting in ; -.."
Kansas over whether the
territory would enter "
the Union as a free or
slave state. Now as Kansas
celebrates its sesquicenten-
nial, the region is promoting
battlefields, the former haunts
of abolitionist John Brown and '
other historic sites
from the era.
-AP Photo/Orlin Wagner

Kansas' messy racial history dates to its founding

By Heather Hollingsworth
Associated, Press

TOPEKA, Kan. During the
prelude to the Civil War, Kan-
sans fought on the side of what
was right, seeking to keep the
scourge of slavery out of the
state and help the enslaved.
Wait a minute, historians say.
As Kansas celebrates its 150th
birthday Saturday, those who
have devoted their careers to
studying the period want to fill
people in on something: Most of
the settlers who fought to ensure
Kansas entered the union as a
free state initially wanted to ban
Blacks from the state entirely.
"They were hardly abolitionists
who shared our 21st century ra-
cial views," said Jonathan Earle,
a history professor at the Uni-
versity of Kansas, located in the
former abolitionist stronghold
of Lawrence. "They didn't want
anything to do with these peo-
ple. They didn't like slaveholders
'KansanrS have' long struggled-
with how their state can be so
heavily tied to both John Brown,
the fiery abolitionist who made a
name for himself in the Kansas
Territory before leading a failed
slave revolt at Harpers Ferry,
and to the school desegregation
case of Brown vs. the Topeka
Board of Education a century
Even today, the state contin-
ues to grapple with one of the
largest racial dilemmas in re-
cent years, illegal immigration.
Kansas' newly elected secretary
of state, Kris Kobach, has made
the issue his calling card in part

by helping Arizona draft a new
immigration law.
"Kansas over the course of its
150 years, it was born in this
national discussion about race
relations and I think we are still
there," Earle said.
The conflict in Kansas started
in 1854 when Congress passed
the Kansas-Nebraska Act, allow-
ing settlers to decide for them-
selves whether to permit slavery:
While abolitionists from the
east were alarmed by the poten-
tial spread of slavery and sent
settlers to the territory, the bulk
of the new arrivals were Midwest-
erners who were merely looking.
for good land to farm. Many of the
Midwesterners had come from
states with laws discriminating
against freed slaves, said Nicole
Etcheson, a Ball State University
professor who wrote "Bleeding
Kansas: Contested Liberty in the
Civil War Era.'I
"So the Midwesterners are kind
of up for grabs," she said.
However, the Midwesterners
start paying attention when resi-
dents of the neighboring slave
state of Missouri crossed into
what would become Kansas to
vote illegally and help elect a
pro-slavery territorial legislature.
That led the New Englanders and
the Midwesterners to form an al-
liance and begin operating their
own extralegal, shadow gbvern-
ment, a move some considered
A pro-slavery territorial con-
stitutional convention produced
a pro-slavery constitution, and
the free-staters produced three
of their own. The free-staters'
first attempt at a constitution is

."I--. ~. ... .~ -.: -

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Sr.i .- RE T R Pli, t ., i ,

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-Orlin-- Waner, Associated Press
historic Eldridge Hotel in Lawrence, Kan.
",:,H I ,H'. STOOD UNTIL:'L :. ?2.- -.." I_: i- i
.,sV 5-R U i LTBY V ,: 'G. H U1Q i 0i. .
l -i" .;. -. .,i-..-, .7 -. -. L ... ;

--Ordin Wagner, Associated Press
This Saturday, Jan. 22, photo shows a plaque placed outside the
historic Eldridge Hotel in Lawrence, Kan.

the one that would have banned
blacks from the state, freed or
Gradually, however, a change
took place, and the Kansas set-
tiers decided the only way to
free themselves from Missouri-
ans who were seeking to impose
slavery in the. territory was to
get rid of slavery, Etcheson said.
"It's only when they see their
interests and the slaves' inter-
ests as being in common do they
start to move to end slavery, but
they do that," Etcheson said.
"The rest of the north isn't go-
ing to see their interests, white
interests and slave interests,
as being the same until around
1863 when they decide that the
only way to defeat the Confeder-

acy is to free the slaves and take
black men into the Army."
After the war, Kansas would
become a popular destination
for oppressed blacks leaving
the south amid intense racial
oppression. Earle said the exo-
dusters, the name given to the
fleeing blacks, saw Kansas as a
"symbol of freedom and a new
It was during this time that
Nicodemus, an all-black farm-
ing settlement in northern Kan-
sas, was formed. But the era
also saw the passage of a state
law that permitted, but did not
require, segregated elementary
schools in towns with at least
15,000 residents.
"It is still this kind of mix,"

Etcheson said. "Kansas has
this historic burden to be en-
lightened, but the reality is that
there is still racism in Kansas."
Ultimately, the state's 1879
decision to permit school segre-
gation led the Rev. Oliver Brown
to join a dozen other black fami-
lies and sue the school district
in Kansas' capital.
The Topeka lawsuit was joined
with cases from Delaware, South
Carolina, Virginia and Washing-
ton, D.C., and led to the historic
1954 Supreme Court ruling that
overturned segregated educa-
Earle said including the Kan-
sas case was important because
the state "had always tried to
live up to its separate but equal
tenets." Indeed, the courts found
that black and white schools
in Topeka were substantially
"If you strike down segregation
in Topeka, Kan., you strike it
down everywhere," he said.
Now another racial group is
the focus of intense scrutiny _
Hispanic immigrants, many of
them working at the state's scat-
tered meatpacking plants. Histo-
rians see continuity in the ongo-
ing tension and debate. As much
as whites once feared that exo-
dusters would need extra help to
survive and drive down wages,
there is fear today that Hispanic
immigrants will do the same.
"Kansas was at the heart.
of the fundamental American
question of the morality of our
race relations," Etcheson said,
"and that has been part of Kan-
sas' legacy ever since whether
Kansas likes it or not."

Web site marks Black History Month with 250,000 new Black records

Nearly 35 million Americans can find an ancestor in the world's effort began to document the life
stories of 3,500 former slaves.
largest online collection of Blackfamily history records The result is a series of moving,
individual accounts of their lives,
as told in their own words.
PROVO,, Utah/PRNewswire/ 1853," which became both a pop- 1865-1878: The Freedmen's Bu- With collections such as these
In honor of Black History Month, ular seller at the time and an im- reau was formed after the Civil now online and searchable for
Ancestry.com, the world's larg- portant historical document. The War to aid in Reconstruction ef- the first time, exploring Black
est online family history re- ship record of his transfer to New forts. This collection contains roots is *becoming increasingly
source, today launched more Orleans, which also lists.most of hundreds of thousands of re- accessible and popular. For ex-
than 250,000 new historical re- the cast of characters from his cords relating to former slaves ample, leading Black actress and
cords documenting early African book, can be found in Ancestry. the Bureau helped find work, to singer Vanessa Williams' own
American family history. The five come's Slave Ship Manifests from establish schools, negotiate con- family journey will be showcased
new collections span more than New Orleans, 1807-1860.(origi- tracts, seek medical care, legalize during the second-season pre-
a century and' contain important nal record images available) marriages and more. miere of the hit NBC series Who
details about the lives of African The five new collections form Slave Narratives, 1936-1938 Do You Think You Are? on Fri-
Americans who bravely fought in part of the 60 million records al- (updated): In the early 1930s, an day, February 4. Ancestry.com
+1- TT Q r-Al %Xa-- r,1 oAu-n... . .e-- 1, U.-

the U.S. Civil War, document me
transportation of slaves to and
from the prominent slave ports of
New Orleans and Savannah, GA,
'and include poignant first-per-
son accounts from former slaves.
Ancestry.com's historical re-
cord collection now contains
more than 3.2 million African
American slave records. As 88
percent of the United States'
black population in 1850 was
comprised of slaves, when ex-
trapolated to its current popula-
tion, nearly 35 million Americans
may find a slave ancestor in An-
cestry.com's African American
The Ancestry.com African
American Historical Record Col-
lection includes thousands of
poignant stories that bring this
part of American history to life.
One story outlines how Solomon
Northup was lured from New
York to Washington, D.C with
the promise of a job in a circus.
Instead he was kidnapped, put
on a boat to New Orleans and
sold into slavery. His liberation
in 1853.prompted him to write
"Twelve Years a Slave, 1841-

. reaay incluaea in me BlacK His-
torical Record collection are:
US Colored Troops Service
Records, 1861-1867: Approxi-
mately 178,000 Black troops
served the Union in the final two
years of the US Civil War. Their
compiled service records include
enlistment papers, casualty
sheets, death reports and corre-
Slave Ship Manifests from
Savannah, 1789-1859: Although
the transatlantic slave trade
was banned in 1807, the in-
ternal transportation of slaves
remained, especially as the to-
bacco industry diminished in the
North while the cotton indus-
try boomed in the .South. These
port records document the ar-
rival and departure of more than
10,000 slaves through the port of
Savannah, GA.
Slave Ship Manifests from
New Orleans, 1807-1860: Anoth-
er important Southern port, this
collection includes records for
more than 100,000 slaves who
arrived or departed through the
port of New Orleans.
Freedmen's Bureau Records,

worked closely with the produc-
ers to provide the family history
research for those celebrities fea-
tured. Lionel Richie's family his-
tory will also be showcased this
season, building on the compel-
ling Black stories of Spike Lee
and Emmitt Smith, who were
featured last season.
"As we continue to expand our
collection of Black family history
records, more Americans than
ever can make exciting break-
throughs when researching-their
early heritage," said Josh Hanna,
Head of Global Marketing at An-


Slave Ship Manifest from New Orleans, 1821.


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s"> Delta president calls sorors to action
J^> ",h'.A,,. -. 'j"

Lyric Theatre Rendering

County halts construction on

Lyric Theatre renovations

Special to the Miami Times

Miami-Dade County has halt-
ed construction on the reno-
vation project of the historic
Lyric Theatre in Overtown.
Prosecutors are investigating
allegations that the project's
construction manager pilfered
hundreds of thousands of
County dollars.
Ted Bachan, 45, the project
manager, has been suspended
from the job. He has not been
criminally charged.
The $10 million dollar reno-
vation was started in 2009 and
is being funded with County
bond money administered by
the Black Archives History and
Research Foundation, which
owns the building. The.renova-
tion is 80 percent complete.
Bachan's lawyer, Michael
Tein insisted that his client has
not diverted any money from

the project.
Michael Spring, head of the
county's Cultural Affairs De-
partment, said he ordered
the project halted because
the state's investigation was
"alarming," even though the
County closely scrutinizes
bond project documents.
Gwendolyn Welters, presi-
dent of the board of trustees
of the Black Archives, gave the'
following statement to The Mi-
ami Times:
The State Attorney's Office
has advised us that it is con-
ducting an investigation of the
project manager hired by The
Black Archives to oversee con-
struction of a major building
addition to the Historic Lyric
Theatre. We have been cooper-
ating fully with this investiga-
tion and will continue to do so.
The prosecutor has advised us,
through our attorney, that The

Black Archives, members of its
board of directors and staff are
not targets or subjects of this
investigation. The Black Ar-
chives has no knowledge of any
financial irregularities relating
to this construction project and
certainly has not been involved
in any illegality.
The Black Archives is keenly
aware of its responsibility as
stewards of public funds and
it takes this responsibility very
seriously. As such, we have ini-
tiated a comprehensive internal
investigation of this construc-
tion project. Our investigation
will be full and fair, and we
will report our findings directly
to our funders at Miami-Dade
County. Finally, because there
is an on-going investigation by
the State Attorney's Office, we
will not be making any further
statements regarding this mat-

Muslims will be more than
one-quarter of the Earth's popu-
lation by 2030, according to a
study released today.
The number of U.S. Muslims
will more than double, -so you
are as likely to know a Muslim
here in 20 years as you are to
know someone Jewish or Epis-
copalian today.
Those are among key findings
in The Future of the Global
Muslim Population," the first
comprehensive examination of
Muslims, whose numbers have
been growing at a faster rate
than all other groups combined.
"We're not surprised. Our
mosques and schools are al-
ready overflowing," says Imam
Johari Abdul-Malik, outreach
director of a mosque in Falls
Church, Va.
The Pew Forum on Religion &
Public Life analyzed statistics
from United Nations data and
census material from more than
200 countries and studies by
50 international demographers.
If immigration patterns and
Muslims' comparatively higher
birth rates continue, Pew proj-
U.S. Muslims will go from
a tiny minority now, less than
1 percent of the nation, to 1.7
percent. That's ajump from 2.6
million people in 2010 to 6.2
Muslim immigration to the
USA and Muslims' share of all
new legal permanent residents
will continue to rise. Most of
the immigrants will arrive from
South Asia, the Middle East
and Africa.
Though 64.5 percent of
U.S. Muslims today were born
abroad, that percentage will fall
to 55 percent as the number of
native-born Muslims rises.
Worldwide, Muslims will

Umaid Qureshi leading an afternoon prayer for family members
in their home in Herndon, Va., a suburb of Washington, D.C.

Muslim population

,Wni vt boi mor twhO ns te f su?:2< 41';'
of n' o" IMs pIa*P ed 8:3 bieo'. nco;pic> n
r ".s o as os i' wto"

Muslime, in millions
!percent of ritl p opuiia.on)
20 ) ,47 (5,7%)
2?-3n .79 (9.3%)
z251 .64 (6%)
o8 .. "'. 1.1 (10.2%)

9 5 0 .94(2.8%)
20D3 2.7 (6,6%)
,2a? 4.7 (7.5%)
:f3a 6IJ (10.3%)

200 .45 (4.9%)
20: .99 (9.9%)
United Kingdom
200) 2L9 (4,6%)
20:O 5.6 (8.2%)
~r-0 2.6 (.8%)
2030 ;(: - . . . 1 ,.17%)

climb from 23.4% to 26.4 per-
cent of the population, going
from 1.6 billion people in 2010

to 2.2 billion in 2030, con-
centrated in Muslim-majority
Just as now, about 3 per-
cent of the global Muslim pop-
ulation will live in the world's
most developed-regions.
In several northern and
eastern Euiopean nations,
the percentage of Muslims will
near or pass 10 percent, rais-
ing their political and cultural
clout, particularly in urban ar-
Alan Cooperman, Pew Fo-
rum associate director of re-
search, says the Muslim rate
is "growing but slowing" and
political and economic uncer-
tainties can make dramatic
shifts in projections.
"The study does not project
Muslims' religiosity or their
politics," Cooperman says.
"People will say, 'I don't care
how many Muslims there will
be, I care how many radical
Muslim terrorists there will
be.' But no one knows that."
Ibrahim Hooper, spokesman
for the Council on American-
Islamic Relations, says, "We
Muslims need to redouble our
outreach efforts because of
growing challenges from the
vocal minority who see us as

Canon Pinder's daughter dies in Orlando

Gail Pinder Roberts, 50, died
Jan. 30th at Hospice of Com-
forter in Altamonte Springs. A
graduate of Bethune-Cookman
University with a B.S degree
and Nova University with a
masters, she was the dean of
students at Catalina Elementa-
ry School in Orlando where she
served for 24 years.
She was a member of Alpha
Kappa Alpha Sorority, Bethune-

Cookman Alumni and St. John
the Baptist Episcopal Church.
She is survived by a daugh-
ter, Crystal; a brother Nelson
Pinder; and her parents Canon
Nelson and Marion Pinder.
A litany and viewing will be
held Friday, 5- 7 p.m. and a
mass of resurrection will be
held at noonon Saturday at the
St. John the Baptist Episcopal
Church in Orlando.

Political activism

tops sorority's list

By D. Kevin McNeir

Miami Alumnae Chapter. of
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.
celebrated the 98th anniversary
of the founding of their organiza-
tion during their annual Found-
ers Day Program last Sunday.
The event took place at the Mi-
ami Hilton Downtown a place
which their keynote speaker and
National President Cynthia M.A.
Butler-McIntyre reminded her
listeners was once "only wel-
come to our ancestors as maids
and servers."
The organization, founded by
22 women at Howard University
on January 13, 1913 has main-

.. ... .

-MiamiTimes Photos/Donnalyn Anthony

trained service to others as its
mantra since its very first days.
As an example of their commit-
ment, the founders chose not to
attend the inauguration of Presi-
dent Woodrow Wilson on March
3, 1913. Instead they joined over
5,000 other women, braving a
hostile Crowd, in order to give
their public support to the Wom-
en's Suffrage Movement.
Speakers during the lunch
including several Deltas who
have risen to local and national
prominence. Miami-Dade Coun-
ty Commissioner Audrey Ed-
monson, who recently took over
as the vice chairwoman for the
Board of Commissioners, said
how proud she was to be part of
the event and to hear the words

of her president. Former State
Senator Carrie Meek, brought
her ever jovial demeanor to the
podium and had the audience
laughing almost from the start.
But then she turned her words
to a more serious nature.
"Don't ever forget your found-
ers and where you come from,"
she said. "It's not that red dress
that makes you who you are -
it's what's inside that matters.
I met many of these women
gathered today while we were
students at Bethune-Cookman
University and we came through
under Mary McLeod Bethune.
She always told us to 'give to
the world the best you have and
the best will come back to you.'
Delta Sigma Theta is for women
committed to the community

Join teachers and members of our community
lo share ideas relating to our local public schools.

You will hear important information about our schools
as well as have an opportunity to share
your thoughts and ideas.

The children of our community deserve nothing less
than a world class education. Your participation in our
community forum is important the future of our
public schools depends on it.

4 -iBKji I EH:|| i!j i31


and willing to give their best."
State Senator Larcenia Bul-
lard, despite self-acknowledged
health challenges, rose to the oc-
casion and inspired her sisters
and friends. This year's program
included the honoring of Miami-
Dade County's Black pioneers in
the legal, political and commu-
nity involvement arenas -- both
living and deceased. However, it
was the energetic and empow-
ering words of Butler-McIntyre
that moved everyone in atten-
After being introduced by the
chapter's local president, Shirly-
on McWhorter-Jones, Butler-
McIntyre took off like a seasoned
preacher using words from Har-
old Melvn and -the Blue Notes
top-selling song from the mid-
1970s, "Wake Up Everybody."
She told the audience a sto-
ry about how her first plans to
come to Miami for Founders Day
2010 fell through.
"I found out that I had a brain
tumor and had to have surgery
immediately," she said. "I was
recovering during your celebra-
tion last year it became clear
to me that God still had work for
me to do."
In reflecting on the election of
President Barack Obama, she
pointed how disappointed she
has beeh"in the way s6rie"of BTir
leaders and- many Blacks have
abandoned him.
"Our president told us that
change will not come if we wait
for it to happen or if we're wait-
ing for someone else we have
to be the change that we want
to see," she said. "That's why as
part of our sorority's five-point
program, one of the thrusts is
in the area of political activism.
Sure, there are bad lawyers and
politicians, but there are bad
teachers, preachers, doctors and
everything else.
If good people never get in-
volved then who is left to carve
out the future? Sometimes I
have to do a self-check and ask
myself if I am waiting for the cav-
alry to come and save me."
Butler-McIntyre challenged
everyone to participate in voter
registration activities, to edu-
cate voters, to mobilize groups
for change through the electoral
process and to then hold elected
officials accountable.
Several hundred women were
in attendance representing three
chapters from the sorority: two
in Miami-Dade County and one
in Broward County.

The Education Experts

Number of U.S. Muslims to double
By Cathy Lynn Grossman -

Kare Arnowtz, TD resden



Judge rules Obama health care law unconstitutional
Judge rules Obama health care law unconstitutional

Implementation of it will go on while

White House appeals federal ruling

By Kelly Kennedy & Joan Biskupic

judge's ruling Monday that the
health care law that passed last
year is unconstitutional leaves
implementation exactly where it
was: moving forward.
And, according to senior ad-
ministration officials, that will
continue unless Congress votes
to repeal the law or the Supreme
Court rules it unconstitutional.
"We don't believe this kind of
judicial activism will be upheld,
and we are confident that the
(law) will ultimately be declared
constitutional by the courts,"
Stephanie Cutter, deputy senior
adviser to President Obama,
wrote on the White House blog.
U.S. District Court Judge
Roger Vinson in Florida ruled
the entire law unconstitutional,

but he declined to block the law
while administration officials
appeal the decision.

Monday's decision was the
fourth ruling from a federal trial
judge on the mandate that in-
dividuals purchase insurance
if not covered. Two judges have
ruled it unconstitutional; two
have upheld it.
Vinson went further than
the earlier decision against
the law in December from
Richmond-based U.S. District
Court Judge Henry Hudson-
by declaring that the invali-
dated individual-mandate pro-
vision could not be separated
from the rest of the health care
overhaul and doomed it en-
In a 78-page, sweeping deci-

U.S. District Court Judge
Roger Vinson denied a request
to block the health care law in
the fourth ruling by a federal
sion, Vinson rejected admin-
istration arguments that the
law was grounded in Congress'

power to regulate commerce
because, he said, the law is not
aimed at "economic activity,"
but rather "inactivity," that is,
a decision not to purchase in-
So far, only trial court judg-
es have considered the con-
stitutionality of the law. The
Richmond-based U.S. Court of
Appeals for the 4th Circuit is
.scheduled to hear the dispute
in May. The 6th Circuit is re-
viewing a related appeal from a
ruling in a Michigan case.

The law's validity would ulti-
mately be decided by the U.S.
Supreme Court.
The Republican-led House of
Representatives has voted to
repeal the law, but the Senate,
where Democrats hold a slim
majority, has not taken action
on the repeal bill. Meanwhile,
Senate Republicans say they
intend to work for a vote on the

-Associated Press
A BP operation in the Beaufort Sea off Alaska's North Slope.

BP's safety drive faces rough road

By Guy Chazan

Bob Dudley, the new chief ex-
ecutive of BP PLC, has vowed
to change the. safety culture of
the accident-prone oil giant in
the wake of the deadly explo-
sion and spill at'one of its wells
in the Gulf of Mexico last year.
But the story of a little-known
BP safety, official on the deso-

Marc Kovac
Union steward

late North Slope of Alaska
offers some cautions about 2
just how difficult a job that
will be.
The day after the Gulf ':,
well blew out last April,
killing 11 rig workers,
Phil Dziubinski was suspend-
ed from his job and escorted
out of his office in Alaska. The
company said he was let go as
part of a broad management
overhaul. In a five-month skir-
mish, two government agencies
rejected Mr. Dziubinski's claims
that he was fired as retribution
for warning of safety risks. His
back-and-forth with the British
oil giant, though, sheds light on
what Mr. Dudley is up against.
Mr. 'Dudley has created a new
global safety division at BP, a
company that also suffered a
15-fatality refinery explosion in
Texas five years before the le-
thal Gulf accident, He has given
the division power to intervene
in or shut down any operation
seen as too hazardous.
The safety issue goes to the
heart of BP's corporate culture,
say some critics, who contend
that compared with its Big Oil
rivals, the company has histori-

cally been focused more on deal-
making and less on safety and
operational excellence. "Other
companies were less aggressive
on growth and more focused on
their safety-management sys-
tems," says John Hofmeister, a
former president of Shell Oil Co.
"Changing the culture is hard."
One area where safety con-
cerns have loomed large is

ostly Mistake

P's shares have yet to recover
om the Gulf spill disaster

kpril 20: Gulf rig explodes




,- -*W S -9,4.- *;*., -*.-.

Alaska's North Slope, home to
BP-operated Prudhoe Bay, the
largest oil field in North Amer-
ica. Workers at the field, which
opened in 1977, have long com-
plained of aging infrastructure
and a lengthy backlog of needed
maintenance work.
In addition, as thousands of
Alaska oil workers retired in re-
cent years, overtime has piled
up, and some workers have
complained of fatigue. This is
an issue Mr. Dziubinski repeat-
edly raised with his bosses,
once referring to it in an email
as an "imminent safety risk." BP
technicians on the North Slope
work 14 days straight and it
isn't uncommon for them to put
in shifts lasting 16 or 18 hours,
sometimes on successive days.
BP says it has taken steps to
reduce Alaskan workers' maxi-
mum hours and won't operate
any facilities unless it is sure it
can do so safely.

As Mr. Dudley tackles the BP
safety culture, he will be under
pressure, not least from U.S.
authorities, to show improve-
ments. A U.S. presidential com-
mission's report last month on
the Gulf disaster said decision-
making processes by BP and its
contractors "did not adequate-
ly ensure that personnel fully
considered the risks created by

Phil Dziubinski

Warned of safety risks

time- and money-saving de-
cisions." BP says the report
supports its own view that
'1 the accident was "the result
of multiple causes, involving
multiple companies."
BP "is working with regu-
lators and the industry to en-
sure that the lessons learned
from [the Gulf well] lead to im-
provements in operations and
contractor services in deep-
water drilling," the company
said. Even before the report, BP
said, it was taking steps such
as changing its pay structure
to better reward safety perfor-
mance and risk management.
BP reports fourth-quarter fi-
nancial results on Tuesday.
Mr. Dziubinski became BP's
ethics and compliance leader
for Alaska operations in mid-
2006, shortly after the company
suffered a 4,000-barrel oil spill
on the North Slope. That hap-
pened a year after the refinery
explosion in Texas City, Tex-
as, an accident that led a fed-
eral agency called the Chemi-
cal Safety Board to suggest BP
managers didn't listen enough
to what workers were telling

Early voting begins

Seven candidates seek two legislative seats

Miami Times Staff Report

Early voting began on Mon-
day in parts of Miami-Dade and
Broward counties a result
of the move of Democrat Fred-
erica Wilson to Congress. Early
voting continues in Broward
County through Saturday while
in Miami-Dade voting contin-
ues through Sunday.
.Four Democrats hope to take
Wilson's seat for Senate District
33 and all are former state rep-
res'entatives: Oscar Braynon
II, Phillip Brutus, James Bush

III and Darryl Reaves. "
The winner will face
off against Republi-
can Joe Celestin in
the March ist general
In the race for State
Representative Dis-
trict 103, the seat that
Braynon gave up in order to run,
for state Senate, there are three
candidates: Erhabor Ighodaro,
Sharon Pritchett and Barbara
Watson. Voters may cast their
ballot for this race regardless
of their political affiliation. And

because there is no Republican
opposition, the House seat will
be 'determined in the primary
To find out a voting location
near you go to www.miami-

91,000 Gulf oil spill claims,just 1 final payment

Associated Press

compensation fund for Gulf oil
spill victims has issued a final
settlement payment to just one of
the thousands of people and busi-
nesses waiting for checks, records
show, and that $10 million pay-
out went to a company after the
oil giant intervened on its behalf.
BP won't identify the business,
citing confidentiality, but ac-

knowledge it lobbied for the set-
tlement. The amount far exceeds
smaller stopgap payments that
some individuals and businesses
have received while they wait for
their ovm firnaL.etJpments.
The Guilf Coast Claims Faulhty
was se. up in August to indepen-
dently administer BPs $20 billion
compensation fund in the after-
math of its April 20 oil well blow-
out off Louisiana.
As of this weekend, roughly

91,000 people and businesses
had filed for final settlements, but
the fund's administrator, Wash-
ington lawyer Kenneth Feinberg,
has said those checks won't start
rolling, Rpt uptil Februar,'at ,the
earliest. Thousands of people
have received some money to tide
them over until a final settlement
amount is offered, but only one
business listed as paid on the fa-
cility's website has so far received
a check.









House repeal bill.
"This ruling confirms what
Americans have been saying
for months: The health spend-
ing bill is a massive overreach,
and Democrats 'exceeded the
bounds' of Congressional au-
thority," Senate Minority Lead-
er Mitch McConnell, R-Ky.,
said in a statement.
Senate Majority Leader Harry
Reid, D-Nev., said the govern-
ment should continue offering
insurance to people with pre-
existing medical conditions
and allowing parents to keep
their adult children on their
insurance plans.
"Health care reform is the
law of the land, and, now that
Americans see its benefits, a
.majority of them oppose Re-
publicans' dangerous plans to
repeal a law that put patients
in control of their own health
care," he said in a statement.
Karen Harned, executive di-
rector of the National Federa-

tion of Independent Business
- one of the plaintiffs in the
federal lawsuit in Florida -
said the ruling should be a call
for Congress to "take a deep
breath" and wait for the four
cases to play out in court be-
fore making any decision for
further implementation.
"Health care reform is the
law of the land- and, now that
Americans see its benefits, a
majority of them oppose Re-
publicans' dangerous plans to
repeal a law that put patients
in control of their own health
care," he said in a statement.
Karen Harned, executive di-
rector -of the National Federa-
tion of Independent Business
- one of the plaintiffs in the
federal lawsuit in Florida -
said the ruling should be a call
for Congress to "take a deep
breath" and wait for the four
cases to play out in court be-
fore making any decision. for
further implementation.



Mother who falsified kids' records for safer school is sentenced

continued from 1A

of common schools throughout
the state."Instead of doing this,
state officials like those in
every other state in the union
- have left it up to the more
than 600 local school districts
to manage public education.
Ohio provides only a portion
of the cost of educating school-
children throughout the state
and leaves it to local jurisdic-
tions to come up with the rest.
This has created an imbalance
that, at least in part, fuels the
disparities between poor in-
ner city school districts like
the one Williams-Bolar wanted

her children to escape, and
the better off suburban school
system she lied to get them to
Four times since 1997,
Ohio's Supreme Court has
ruled unconstitutional the
state's approach to fund-
ing public education. Despite
those rulings, the state pro-
vides just roughly half of the
cost of a student's education,
with school districts coming
up with the rest.
Neither Ted Strickland, the
Democratic governor who just
vacated the Ohio statehouse,
nor John Kasich, the Repub-
lican who defeated him last
year, has proposed a fix that


acknowledges their state's
sole responsibility to create "a'
thorough and efficient system
of common schools." Instead,
they've proposed ideas that
tweak the status quo system.
Like frustrated parents in
many other underfunded,
poor-performing districts
around the country, Williams-
Bolar wanted to get her chil-
dren into a better school. In
doing so, she broke a law that
safeguards a system of educa-
tion that treats her children as
collateral damage in the trib-
alism produced by the state's
failure to fully fund public ed-
While some might argue that

school vouchers or more char-
ter schools are the answer to
Williams-Bolar's plight, I think
that debate allows states to
duck a far more important -
and impactful discussion
of their constitutional respon-
sibility to provide children a
high-quality education.
Ohio shortchanges its citi-
zens when officials fail to meet
the state's obligation to ensure
that all children, regardless of
where they live, have the same
opportunity. As a result, Wil-
liams-Bolar was forced to de-
ceive the guardians of Ohio's
failed educational system. For
this she has been branded a

All eyes remain on Egypt

continued from 1A

Saleh planned more demon-
strations. The opposition JMP
announced "Yemen's Day of
Rage" for Thursday, but the
demonstrators have not gar-
nered support among regular
people, said political analyst
Abdul Ghani Al-Iryani.
"These demonstrations have
not caught the grass roots.
Most of the demonstrators are
partisan and are out there for a
specific agenda," Al-Iryani said.
The. opposition is dominated
by the Islamic Yemeni Islah
Party, which has close ties to
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood.
As Egyptians fight for demo-
cratic elections the prospect of
them gaining power could be a
"huge boost" to Islah in Yemen
according to Al-Iryani.

In Jerusalem, Israelis are
deeply worried by the uprising,
glued to the news with almost
wartime intensity. The biggest
fear is that the Muslim Brother-
hood will gain enough influence
in the coming days to threaten
Israel's security.
The Ma'ariv newspaper not-
ed that 64% of respondents to

a 2008 Egyptian Gallup Poll
wanted Islamic law to be the
sole source of legislation.
"For comparison's sake, in
Iran 14% favor sharia law and
in Turkey only 7 percentt" the
newspaper said.
Egypt's peace with Israel has
never been friendly. Egyptian
professionals boycott their Is-
raeli peers and the media often
engages in anti-Semitism.
But "Israel hasn't had to wor-
ry about its southern flank for
decades," said Dan Schueftan,
director of Haifa University's
National Security Studies Cen-
As long as Mubarak has been
in power, "we worked under
the assumption that war with
Egypt wouldn't take place in
the near future."
Egypt, Schueftan said, is "the
cornerstone" of Middle East
stability and if that stability
disappears, it could reshape
Middle East dynamics.

Elie Podeh, professor of
Middle Eastern studies at He-
brew University, said a major
concern is the prospect of the
end of Egyptian cooperation
preventing weapons smuggling
into Gaza.
In a tiny shawarma restau-


rant in East Jerusalem, Mah-
moud Bara, a construction
worker, expressed the hope
that Egypt will soon have a new
"I've heard that the poor are
unimaginably poor, that people
are oppressed. If instability
leads to reforms, then so be it,"
Bara said.
Hezbollah, the Shiite group
that fought a war with Israel in
2006 and has taken a promi-
nent role in the government of
Lebanbn, is pleased about the
Egyptian chaos, experts in the
region said.

"Relations between Hezbol-
lah and Egypt have never been
good," says political analyst
Amal Saad-Ghorayeb said.
Hezbollah was angered at
Egypt during the Israeli war on
Gaza in 2008 after Mubarak.
refused to open the border for-
weapons to flow into Gaza. Hez-
bollah leader Hassan Nasrallah
called for the Egyptian people to
demonstrate against Mubarak.
Saad-Ghorayeb said Hezbol-
lah will benefit from politfeal
change in Egypt because new
leaders may decide to isolate

Alvarez faces recall election on March 15th

continued from 1A

Giminez, who are both new
to the race, may be hoping
that by preparing now they
will have their campaigns in
gear should a special elec-
tion be needed to fill Alva-
rez's seat, one should not
count out the current county
mayor just yet.
First, 'Alvarez, like County
Commissioner Natacha Sei-

jas, may file a legal challenge
to put a stranglehold on the
election. Alvarez withdrew a
previous lawsuit but could
return to the courts with
another. Second, if an, elec-
tion is held and Alvarez is
removed from office, county
commissioners could ei-
ther appoint a mayor who
would serve the remainder
of the two years left on Alva-
rez's term, or they could set
a special election after the

Crapp seeks objectivity and expertise

continued from 1A

that's why I chose him."
Crapp refuses to be pushed
into making a rash decision
about the future of Exposito.
However, Crapp pointed out
that the Chief will continue to
report to him and that no deci-
sion will be made until Philip
completes his analysis of the
police department and any of
its shortcomings.
"I think it is only fair to give

him as much time as he needs,"
-Crapp said. "My main objective
is that his evaluation is thor-
Philip, an immigrant from
Trinidad, speaks English and
Spanish and grew up in New
York City. He currently resides
in Weston. It is believed that he
will not only bring some reas-
surance to the Black communi-
ty, but that he will help Crapp
weather the storm of rising de-
mands for the ousting of Miami
Police Chief Miguel Exposito.

Doctor pleads not guilty in Jackson's death
The Associated Press "I definitely plead not guilty."
Lawyers for Dr. Murray, who
Michael Jackson's doc- is accused of giving Mr. Jack-
tor pleaded not son a lethal dose of
guilty to involun- I the powerful anes-
tary manslaughter .thetic propofol and
on Tuesday as the other sedatives, said
case moved rapidly l i' they would be ready
toward a trial that to go to trial within
is likely to be tele- d, the 60-day statuto-
vised. "I am an in- -12 ry time limit, which
nocent man," the would make for a
doctor, Conrad speedy trial. Judge
Murray, told Judge Pastor said he was
Michael E. Pastor of CONRAD MURRAY inclined to allow
Los Angeles Superior Court. television coverage.

recall vote.
However, according to the
county charter, a special
election would have to be
held within 45 days of the re-

call vote. That would not give
candidates much time, but it
might be an easier road than
trying to take on an incum-
bent in 2012.

HIV/AIDS: adds to health

disparities among Blacks

continued from 1A

the percentage of those in-
fected in a given community.
However, whites have been
working as their own advo-
cates for decades. We are
just beginning to go to our
lawmakers. We have to be-
come selfish and focus on the
health concerns and issues
facing our own people. It's
not about being anti-other
races but pro-Black."
According to the latest CDC
report, HIV/AIDS is the lead-
ing cause of death for Black
men ages 25-44 and the third
leading cause of death for
Black women of the same
age group. Evans says that is
enough to cause alarm.
"Sometimes when you look
at the numbers they are
enough to overwhelm you so
they have to be critically re-
viewed and looked at one sub-
population at a time," he said.

Evans adds that during the
past 11 years since he began
spearheading the Awareness
Day, he has seen many Black
leaders and groups turn
their backs on other Blacks.
That, he says, is something
we cannot afford to do.
"When the CDC first post-
ed announcements (1981)
on the disease they called it
a 'gay white man's disease'
- Blacks responded that it
therefore did not pertain to

them. Then later when the
CDC reported that Black
men were disproportion-
ately impacted, some of our
churches and other leading
organizations figured if this
thing was a gay white man's

disease, then by extension it
had to be a gay Black man's
disease. They disregarded it
and looked at those with the
disease as disposable. That's
why we have these Awareness
activities all across the U.S.
- because AIDS is not a gay
disease not anymore. No
matter who becomes infected,
they are still people our
people and we can't throw
them away just. because they
may march to a different tune.
.The disease is already doing
enough to dispose of those we
For more information about
activities in your area or to ac-
cess the latest statistics on
HIV/AIDS, go to www.black-

Comcast joins efforts to find missing kids

Cable company will broadcast info, pictures

By Donna Leinwand

Kyron Horman, then 7, did
not come home on the school
bus at 3:30 p.m. June 4 as he
usually did each day. His step-
mother says she dropped him off
at his Portland, Ore., elementary
school at 8:45 that morning, but
teachers say he never made it to
class. He has been missing ever
Starting today, Kyron's story
and photo will be available to

nearly 20 million Comcast cable
customers in more than 25 cities
in partnership with the National
Center for Missing & Exploited
"Somebody knows where this
child is," says center President
Ernie Allen. "If we reach that
one person, we increase the like-
lihood that we'll get that one lead
that will bring the child home."
The public service campaign
comes a day before Comcast
closes its deal with General Elec-

tric for 51% of a joint venture
that includes NBC Universal.
The deal makes Comcast the na-
tion's most powerful media, en-
tertainment and news company.
Comcast created the missing
kids videos after having some
success with its Police Blotter
program, which features fugi-
tives. Police credit the crime vid-
eos with generating tips that led
to 90 arrests, says Diana Ker-
ekes, vice president of entertain-
ment services for Philadelphia-
based Comcast.
"We'd be thrilled if we found 90
missing children in four years,"

Allen says.
Comcast's Missing Kids On
Demand can be accessed online
at xfinity.com/news/missing-
kids or on TV in the OnDemand
menu under local content, Ker-

Memphis; Chattanooga, Tenn.;
Chicago; Washington; Denver;
Houston; Indianapolis; Little
Rock; Portland, Ore.; Richmond,
Va.; San Francisco; Seattle;
South Florida and Minneapolis.


ekes says. Areas carrying the
videos include Atlanta; Balti-
more; Philadelphia; Pittsburgh;

Twenty, two-minute video
profiles are available. The vid-
eos include the child's name,

description, photo, possible
whereabouts and a narrative of
the disappearance. Each month,
the missing children's center
and Comcast will rotate new vid-
eos into the lineup. Each video
will be available for at least 12
Key to the success will be get-
ting viewers to watch the videos,
Allen says.
"Missing-child photos work.
Average people doing average
things and simply paying atten-
tion are helping us reunite miss-
ing children with their families
every day," he says.

Masons, other service groups fight membership declines

By Jon Ostendorff

Mark Bennett, historian at a
Freemasons lodge in Asheville,
N.C., wants to make something
Despite the impression given
by books such as author Dan
Brown's The Da Vinci Code and
The Lost Symbol, and mov-
ies like National Treasure, the
Masons are not a clandestine
"We're not a secret society,"
Bennett says. "We're a society
with a few secrets."
In an effort to boost flagging
membership across the USA,
an increasing number of Ma-
sonic lodges, like other fraternal
service groups, are abandoning
secretive ways and inviting the
public in to see what the organi-
zation is really all about.
There are fewer Masons today
- by nearly a million than
there were in 1941 as the coun-
try came out of the Great De-
pression, says Richard Fletch-
er, 'executive secretary of the
Masonic Service Association of
North America. There are an
estimated 3 million members
worldwide and 1.5 million in the

USA, he says, compared with
more than 4 million members in
the USA in 1959.
Why? Blame the Baby Boom-
ers, Fletcher says.
"We had what I call the '60s
syndrome," he says. "That was
the whole concept of the gen-
eration. You turned against any-
thing that was mainstream."
In 2005, the association pro-
duced a report called "It's About
Time," which encouraged lodg-
es to invite the community in,
Fletcher says. But most didn't
start opening their doors until
Masons in Massachusetts saw
successes in 2009 with the poli-
cy, he says.
Since then, a growing number
have opened their doors:
In Asheville, Mount Hermon
Masonic Lodge 118 allows pro-
spective members to dine with
members before official meet-
ings to learn more about Mason-
ry. The effort has paid off. Seven
years ago, the lodge was strug-
gling with low attendance and
now has about 500 members,
says John Burchfield, the local
district deputy grand lecturer.
In Ellwood City, Pa., three
lodges in 37th Masonic District

-By John Fletcher, Asheville Citizen-Times
The Mount Hermon Masonic Lodge in Asheville, N.C., has used
outreach programs to increase its membership.

held open houses in August.
In New Hampshire, Free-.
masons held statewide events
in March and October. "It was
very well received in New Hamp-
shire," says Nashua, N.H., Ris-
ing Sun lodge member Bob Por-
ter. The Nashua lodge got 30
new members, Porter says.

The Mason decline is mirrored

by other.fraternities.
Amos McCallum, a chairman
of the past national presidents
of the Benevolent & Protective
Order of Elks, says his group
has 900,000 members, down
from 1.6 million in 1980.
Membership in Rotary clubs
has dropped nearly 42,000 since
1995 in the USA to 360,790 last
year, says Rotary spokeswoman
Elizabeth Minelli.

Some civic clubs say they are
starting to see an uptick. Li-
ons Club International report-
ed 20,000 new members last
year after decades of decline.
It has 1.35 million worldwide,
says spokesman Dane La
Reaching out to women has
been key, La Joye says. "Wom-
en are the fastest-growing
segment of our membership
today," he says.
Freemasonry dates to stone-
mason guilds in the Middle
Ages, according to the nation-
al association's website. Its
exact origins are unclear. In
1717, four. lodges in London
formed the first Grand Lodge
of England, according to the
association. Women are not
allowed to join, and the policy
is not up for debate, Fletcher
Masons nationally give near-
ly $1.5 million a day to chari-
ties, the association says. The
best known is the Shriners
Hospitals for Children. Free-
masonry promotes individual
freedom, the right of people to
worship as they choose, dem-
ocratic government and pub-

I ."

lic education, Fletcher says.

Masons have long been the tar-
get of conspiracy theorists and
today are tackling the myths
through the service association's
website and the open-door policy
at local lodges, Fletcher says. The
fraternity denies being part of a
"one-world order" or controlling
the United States government, he
That theory has centered on the
Great Seal of the United States
and its "eye in the pyramid" de-
sign. The all-seeing eye icon is
used in Masonry but, the organi-
zation says, the image on the seal
and the back of the $1 bill have
nothing to do with Masons.
Masons also dispute other
claims, including that every U.S.
president was a Mason. President
Obama is not. President Ford was
the most recent president who
was, according to the association.
The Internet and the rise of
online social networks may have
something to do with a rise in
membership, Fletcher says.
"Freemasonry is a social net-
work," he says. "It always has



.* ' ' ,. "/ "' .

?i" ts rom Miami-Dade County Public Schools showcased their best

o rt-in the recent Scholastic Art Awards 2011 at the Miami

firtl ut um. The Awards are the largest and longest-running assess-

Smet Irconition program for the visual arts in the

rr. ntciare open to students grades 7 12. Top

4 wa wgrdo.-uinning artworks will be Forwarded to the '

anbLi hnl program in New York City.

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UTD hosts public

education forum

Community invited to voice opinions
about their local schools
By Kaila Heard

School reform, improving schools and making American
students academically competitive in a global market have
the been topics that have dominated conversations about ed-
ucation in the last few years. However, how these reforms are
to be implemented often remains up to debate.
To ensure that the local voices and opinions and are in-
cluded in the state wide debate, the United Teachers of Dade
(UTD) is hosting a "Speaking Up for Public Education" Com-
munity Forum at Ebenezer United Methodist Church on
Thursday, Feb. 10.
The United Teachers of Dade wants to speak up for public
school and provide information to the community, said UTD .
President Karen Aronowitz.
She further explained that essenitally, UTD hopes the fo-
rum allows the community to answer the question, "What
does the public want from our public schools," said the UTD
According to Aronowitz, concerns and suggestions provided
by forum attendants will be taken to Tallahassee for the next
legislature session in March and shown to various lawmak-
"We just think it's very important that we're able to say to
Tallahassee: we value our public schools and this is what we
are depending on the state to give them," she said.
The Speaking Up for Public Education Community Forum
is scheduled to last from 6 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Ebenezer United Methodist Church is located at 2001 N.W.
35th Street in Miami. For more information about the forum,
please call 305-854-0220.

By Kaila Heard
kheard@miamitimesonline corn

A time honored tradition
among many Americans is
the making of New Year Reso-
lutions. In a new year. many
people have made countless
resolutions about what they
-;want to change from weight
loss, to paying off debt, to
spending time with family. All
very noble causes.
But are you one of the hope-
ful ones who can you say with
all honesty that you have kept
your resolutions so far? If you
can't, then you are definitely
not alone. The statistics vary,
but according to one survey
conducted by. the Opinion
Corporation of Princeton. New
Jersey only eight percent of
goal setters are always suc-
cessful at achieving their reso-
But all is not hopeless. Be-
havioral studies have proven
that permanent changes are
However, success begins
with having the right state of
.mind, a fact which Ft. Lauder-
.:dale motivational speaker, C.
Moore Fields, can attest to.
"What ever you put in your
mind is going to come out
somewhere in your future,"
Please turn to BEHAVIOR 14B

You just gotta
keep believing

that things will get

better and they
.. **can ...

Local artist celebrates 64th anniversary of song



How leadership

requires you to serve

Sis. Priscilla




should reach out to everyone
By Kaila Heard

First things first, call her "Sister" Priscilla McCray.
The senior pastor of the International Prayer Center in
Dania Beach founded her ministry to reach out to everyone.
That philosophy is reflected in the actions that ministry ac-
tions which focuses upon evangelizing in the streets on down
to how she prefers to be addressed as "Sister."
"It's just a title," said the 38-year-old before moving on to
explain further why she is so passionate about having an ac-,

tive street ministry.
"There's a church on every corner," she said. But "it's time-
out for playing church. It's time for us to get involved with our
people. That's the basis of [International Prayer Center], to
intercede, to step into the gap for someone. "
Toward that goal, International Prayer Center spends one to
two Sundays every month canvassing local neighborhoods to
meet residents and offer their testimonies.
Part of what drives McCray comes from her own past. Raised
by a mother-who was addicted to drugs, the minister was dis-
satisfied with the lack of outreach provided to her mother by
local churches.
Please turn to McCRAY 14B


By Kaila Heard


While the lyrics to the popu-
lar gospel tune, "His Eye is On
the Sparrow" says the singer
creates music because of his
happiness and freedom, to say
that South Florida's Stellar-
award winning gospel singer
Virginia Bostic simply loves to
sing would be an understate-
"To me, it's a ministry," Bos-
tic explained. "Whenever I de-
liver [a song] to the public, I'm
trying to give them a message
of peace, a message of love,
and a message of joy."
To celebrate her long, proud
gospel career, on Sunday, Jan.
30, Bostic came together with
family, friends, admirers and
fellow gospel artists to cele-
brate her 64th Singing Anni-
versary at the New Beginning
Embassy of Praise in Miami.
Although Bostic accepted
song requests from the audi-
ence, she also sang her favor-
ite such as "Walk With Me."
That song remains special to
Bostic "because He's the one
who sustains me...I wake up
everyday saying, thank you,"
she said.
For Reverend Johnny Tay-
lor, the senior pastor of New
Beginning Embassy of Praise,
Bostic's musical abilities are
"In her time, there was no-
body better," said Taylor who


attended Liberty City's Tri-
umph the Church and King-
dom of God in Christ with Bos-
tic as children.

Inspired by and tutored by
her aunt to sing, Bostic made
her vocal debut at the age of
seven. Since then she has per-
formed various duties in the


music industry, from choir
director, to producer, to mu-
sician (she plays the piano),
to promoter, all the while
continuing her own singing
career. The now 72-year-old
singer would also go on to
form and perform with several
gospel groups, including the
Christian Voices, and juggled
the responsibilities of mother-


hood, being a wife and holding
a full-time job.
"It was a challenge," admit-
ted the retired Miami-Dade
County educator. "But when
you enjoy doing something,
you manage."
So far, her efforts have been
In addition to his own faith,
Please turn to BOSTIC 14B


"Whenever I deliver [a song] to the public, I'm trying to give them a message of peace, a
message of love, and a message of joy," said Virginia Bostic who celebrated her 64th Singing
Anniversary on Jan. 30.


8 8

D Cade a



~ '' ~n,



Churches having trouble paying their mortgage

The number of religious facilities unable

to pay their mortgage is surging

By Shelly Banjo

ROSEVILLE, Calif.-Residen-
tial and commercial real-estate
owners aren't the only ones los-
ing their properties to foreclo-
sure. The past few years have
seen a rapid acceleration in
the number of churches losing
their sanctuaries because they
can't pay the mortgage.
Just as homeowners bor-
rowed too much or built too
big during boom times, many
churches did the same and now
are struggling as their congre-
gations shrink and collections
fall owing to rising unemploy-
ment and a weak economy.
Since 2008, nearly 200 reli-
gious facilities have been fore-
closed on by banks, up from
eight during the previous two
years and virtually none in the
decade before that, according
to real-estate services firm Co-
Star Group, Inc. Analysts and
bankers say hundreds of addi-

tional churches face financial
struggles so severe they could
face foreclosure or bankruptcy
in the near future.

"Churches are the next wave
in this economic crisis," says
Rev. Jesse L. Jackson Sr., pres-
ident and founder of the Rain-
bow PUSH Coalition, a non-
profit civil-rights group, who
works with pastors around the
country to help churches ne-
gotiate better terms with their
Religious denominations of
all kinds have suffered in re-
cent years as donations have
declined, with many Catholic
parishes closing and syna-
gogues merging their congre-
gations. But the property-fi-
nancing problems have been
concentrated among indepen-
dent churches, which while
seeking to expand lack a gov-
erning body to serve as a back-

stop to financial hardship.
"Religious organizations may
be subject to the laws of God,
but they are also subject to the
laws of economics," said Chris
Macke, senior real-estate strat-
egist at CoStar. Many troubled
churches, he said, are in states
such as California, Florida,
Georgia and Michigan, which
also have some of the highest
home-foreclosures rates in the

In many cases, churches ran
into trouble after borrowing
to build bigger houses of wor-
ship needed to accommodate
growing congregations in once-
booming housing markets.

Pastors Rich and Lindy Oliver
decided their Family Christian
Center needed more space after
their congregation rose from a
few hundred in the early 1990s

to 650 by 2002. The church
borrowed $4.2 million and be-
gan building a new 1,000-per-
son sanctuary on 11 acres in
Orangevale, Calif., including
classrooms and a space for
adult learning.
Across the U.S., churches
are losing their sanctuaries
because they can't pay their
mortgage debt. Some borrowed
too much or built too big dur-
ing boom times and now pre
struggling as congregations -
and collections shrink.
But when housing prices
across California began tum-
bling in 2006, followed by a
surge in unemployment and
foreclosures, many congre-
gants moved away, and those
who were left reduced their
tithing sharply. Meanwhile, the
property, valued at $8.5 million
in 2002 was appraised at just
$2.5 million in 2008.
Stretched to the limit, the
pastors stopped making pay-
ments. "I just told the bank to
take it," Oliver said. "If you're
a church with a piece of prop-
erty upside down and no one
will refinance the loan or lend

you more money, there's not re-
ally another choice but to walk
Bankers and lenders typi-
cally are reluctant to "foreclose
on God" and seek to work out
deals with churches. But none
proved possible in the Olivers'

These days, Oliver said his
church, renamed The Family
Church, was "doing what the
rest of America is doing-we're
cutting back and simplify-
ing." In November, the Olivers
raised $700,000-not nearly
enough to rescue the previous
church-from donations and
personal loans from church
members and used it to lease a
former furniture store in a strip
mall in Roseville, Calif.
Traditionally, lenders consid-
ered churches good risks be-
cause of the weekly cash flow
generated by tithing, as well as
the moral compulsion felt by
most pastors to pay down debt.
Like many churches, Oliver
used bond financing, not a
Please turn to MORTGAGE 14B

Nelson Mandela's hospital stay sparks speculation

By Joshua Howat Berger

rica's revered former president Nelson
Mandela was to spend a second night
in hospital last Thursday, as the na-
tion grew increasingly concerned for
the anti-apartheid hero's health.
The news that Madiba the clan
name by which the 92-year-old Nobel
peace prize winner and country's first
elected Black leader is affectionately
known remains under medical su-
pervision has gripped the population.
Current President Jacob Zuma de-
scribed the hospital visit as a check-
up and called for calm but a report
said Mandela was being treated for a
lung problem after being admitted last
"President Mandela goes to hospital
fdr check-ups... this is one of those
check-ups," said Zuma, at the World
Economic Forum in Davos, having
earlier urged the media "to afford him
the dignity and respect that he is en-
titled to."
The. Star newspaper reported that
Mandela had been seen by a lung spe-
cialist at the private hospital.
"He has been admitted for investiga-
tion," the doctor, Michael Plit, told the

Nelson Mandela
newspaper, declining to comment fur- tion for his age, but did not comment
their on Mandela's condition, specifically on his hospitalisation.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who de- "What more do we want from him?
scribed Mandela as frail after meeting We want him to remain forever, but
him last week, said on Thursday that you know... anything can happen,"
Madiba remained in "amazing" condi- Tutu, a leading figure during the anti-

apartheid struggle, said.
The ruling African National Congress
party earlier urged 'people to refrain
from speculation and the White House
said that President Barack Obama
and his wife Michelle's thoughts were
with Mandela.
The Nelson Mandela Foundation,
established to continue his charitable
work after he withdrew from public
life in 2004, said recently that Man-
dela was in Milpark Hospital in Jo-
hannesburg for tests but his life was
not in jeopardy.
"He is in no danger and is in good
spirits," said a statement from the
foundation. It has made no further
Mandela's wife, Graca Machel, ar-
rived at the hospital around 3 p.m.
on Thursday, around an hour after
ex-wife Winnie Madikizela-Mandels,
who separated from him in 1992, de-
parted. '
Machel's daughter Josina and Man-
dela's personal assistant, Zelda la
Grange, also visited the hospital, as
did Mandla Mandela, Madiba's grand-
son and chief of the traditional council
in the family's home village of Mvezo.
Media flocked to the hospital where
Please turn to MANDELA 14B

After MLK-The new challenge for Black pastors



By Deforest B. Soaries Jr.

When we remember the life of Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., we think of
his soaring rhetoric and specific goals
for the Black community: the right to
use public accommodations, to vote,
and to live in any neighborhood, for
Today the quest for the right to vote
has been replaced by the need to mo-
tivate people to register and vote. The
push to integrate schools has been re-
placed by the need to motivate Black
students to strive for academic excel-
lence. The struggle for equal housing
opportunities has become a struggle
to ensure that Blacks learn how to
live financially responsible lives and
recover-from the foreclosure crisis.
Whereas King's goals were primarily
about changing laws and influencing
wider public opinion, these current
goals are primarily about individual
Unfortunately, that distinction

seems to have been missed by the re-
cently revived Conference of National
Black Churches. Relaunched last
month after a few dormant years, the
CNBC comprises nine of the largest
Black denominations, made up of as
many as 30 million individuals and
more than 50,000 congregations. Led
by the Rev. W. Franklyn Richardson,
the conference says that it speaks
with a "unified voice" on health, ed-
ucation, public policy, social justice
and economic empowerment.
Since churches have long been the
bedrock of the Black community,
producing not only many of its most
prominent leaders but also providing
aid to those in need, one might have
had high hopes for the CNBC. But
then came its first major pronounce-
ment last month: "Based on our pro-
phetic responsibility to speak to those
in power on behalf of the poor, under-
served, and vulnerable, we find it ut-
terly shameful that those who insisted
that the deficit be reduced now cele-

-The Associated Press

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

brate billions of dollars being added to
the deficit as tax cuts for the wealthy,"
wrote Rev. Richardson.
That's the best they can do? With
all of the" problems plaguing the Black

community, are tax cuts (including
for wealthy Blacks, I might add) re-
ally the issue that needs the CNBC's
full attention? Clergy certainly have a
Please turn to MLK 14B

Tips for




Special to The Miami Times

Performance issues with
staff are inevitable and rarely
go away on their own. You can
reduce the disruption to your
entire church office, if you
deal with problems in a timely
manner. Taking care to hire the
right person for the job will go
a long way toward minimizing
potential problem's.

Know what you're looking
for. Conduct employment inter-
views with very specific charac-
teristics in mind. Stay focused
on hiring the right person for
the position you are interview-
ing for.
Don't settle. The longer a
position is open, the more in-
clined you become to relax your
standards. Hiring the wrong
person for the job will involve
more pain and frustration than
leaving the position unfilled.
Keep your options open.
Before you hire someone, take
a moment to imagine yourself
firing them. If you find yourself
saying that you could never
fire this person-for whatever
reason-its probably not a good
decision to hire the individual
in the first place.
You get what you pay for.
As much as you want employ-
ees to have a "heart for minis-
try," you must be prepared to
pay a position salary compara-
ble to other ministries. Be wary
of situations where you feel
like you're getting a bargain by
landing a candidate. His or her
skills might not be up to par.
When things don't work out
Investigate discretely. When
you suspect a performance is-
sue, quietly gather more infor-
mation without expressing your
concerns directly. When you
feel that you fully understand
the issue, its time to take the
next step.
Please turn to TIPS 14B

Church collection plates may go empty as electronic giving rises

By Susan Schept

The tradition of passing the
church plate might become a
relic of the past, as a majority
of Americans pay bills electroni-
cally and move away from using
cash or writing checks.
Despite concerns about com-
mercializing something so
personal, electronic giving to
churches is growing.
At the Shrine of the Most
Blessed Sacrament in Wash-
ington, about half of the 1,600

congregants who give regular
donations do so electronically,
up from 20 percent four years
"For some people, they'll
never change," said its pastor,
Monsignor John Enzler. "Other
people find it's a wonderful way
to do their giving."
Along with Catholic dioceses,
religious organizations such
as the Evangelical Lutheran
Church in America and the
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese
of America have approved elec-

tronic giving as an option for
their members.
Each church can decide
whether to adopt the practice,
available from electronic pay-
ment processing companies
since the late 1990s.
Church staff are often the
toughest sell, said Vijay Jeste,
product manager for electronic
giving for Our Sunday Visitor,
a Huntington, Indiana-based
maker of donation envelopes for
Catholic churches, which start-
ed offering electronic payment

processing in 2009.
Reluctance to pay a fee to pro-
cess collections melts away as
parishes "realize that this is the
way to go," Jeste said.
"This is not an option they can
put off for too long," he said.

Some church leaders object to
electronic giving because they
do not want parishioners pil-
ing more debt onto overloaded
credit cards. Others say it inter-
feres with the ritual of making

a tangible sacrifice during the
"Their concern is that giving
is not reduced to the act of pay-
ing a bill," said Bill Townes, vice
president of convention finance
for the executive committee of
the Southern Baptist Conven-
The Convention does not have
an official position on electron-
ic giving and does not track
it among its 45,000 member
churches, Townes said.
The Greek Orthodox Arch-

diocese of America learned the
value of online donations when
it made an appeal last year for
victims of Haiti's earthquake,
said Theo Nicolakis, its director
of information technology and
Internet ministries.
The archdiocese found al-
most four percent of its online.
visitors do not attend religious
service, and about 28 percent of
visitors are not even Greek Or-
"We're technically reaching
Please turn to PLATES 14B

Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, Sr.
President and founder of the Rainbow PUSH Coalition



Tree of Life Ministries
and Christian Center, Inc. is
hosting an Appreciation Service
on Feb. 6 at 3:30 p.m.

An House of Prayer for
All People, Inc. will be having
Community Fellowship Services
Wednesday Feb. 2 and Feb. 9
at 7:30 p.m. 305-474-7430.

Redemption Missionary
Baptist Church holds a Fish
Dinner every Friday and Satur-
day; a Noon Day Prayer Service
every Saturday; and Introduc-
tion Computer Classes every
Tuesday and Thursday at 11
a.m. and 4 p.m. Reverend Wil-
lie McCrae, 305-770-7064 or
Mother Annie Chapman, 786-


Holy Ghost Assembly of
the Apostolic Faith welcomes
you to their Dinner Sale, 12:30
p.m. 3:30 p.m. on Feb. 5.

Washington Internation-
al Ministry is hosting a Pasto-
ral Ordination Service on Feb.
6 at 3 p.m. 305-523-5952 or

The Union of Black Epis-
copalians cordially invite you
to join in the service and lun-
cheon on Saturday, Febru-
ary 12, 2011 at the Church
of the Incarnatidn at 10 a.m.
For tickets, see Janelle Hall or
Flora Brown.

r ;.


.. ,v ."

, i .... I .... L .. ..I. . .. . .1

Sis. McCray: Your home is your first ministry

continued from 12B

"There was so much religion
but not a lot of help for her,"
McCray recalled.
Since establishing her non-
denominational church less
than a year ago, McCray says
the ministry is growing. Now
with nearly 40 members, the
church provides other outreach
services such as online prayer
service, and giving food and
clothing to the needy.

To Sister McCray everyone
has the ability to evangelize and
provide aid and comfort to oth-

ers, which is why she advises
anyone to begin in their own
"Your home is your first min-
istry. You need to be able to
maintain what's going on inside
before you go outside," said the
married mother of three.
Simply telling family mem-
bers about Jesus Christ is a
start, McCray advises.
"Give your testimony, tell
someone what you've been
through so they can know that
There is hope," she said.

Communication is one of the
most important aspects of any
relationship. Although now

she is happily married, look-
ing back during their "court-
ship," McCray believes there
are things she would have done
differently. Although both are
Christians, while dating her fu-
ture husband, McCray did not
realize that he did not believe
in worshipping at church every
week. How did they overlook
"We were too focused on the
courtship, with how we felt,"
she said.
Eventually, her husband
came to attend church with her
on a regular basis, but now Mc-
Cray says she and other people
who are dating should ask more
"We have to be more open with

each other. Make it plain about
what your expectations are in
your marriage to understand
what they want in the future,"
she explained.
Getting the right answers to
these questions all depend upon
timing, according to McCray.
"When you're going on a [first]
date you can just enjoy that in-
dividual, but on the third date,
it's a courtship and that's the
time to get to know that per-
son," she said.
However, relationships are
difficult, even with good com-
munication skills, said McCray.
She explained, "there's no cer-
tainty about anything at all. We
just have to pray and always
keep Christ involved."

Action, positive thinking keys to reaching goals

continued from 12B

she said.
Fields even wrote a book,
"Use Your Gold Mind or Lose
Your Gold Mine," describing
ways people can transform their
way of thinking.
The advice in her book was
based upon lessons she used in
her own life. The single mother
of three has faced many trying
times, however she persevered.
Working hard, she managed to

eventually land a position in the
Ft. Lauderdale Housing Author-
ity which supported her family.
She retired from the position to
write her book a lifelong dream
of hers and to pursue her mo-
tivational speaking career. How
can other accomplish their goals
as well?
"You just gotta keep believing
that things will get better and
they can," she explained. "If I
can do it, then there are other
parents who can do it as well."
To help sustain her' positive

thinking, Fields listens to other
motivational speakers as well as
Repeats affirmations every day.
However while Fields is
a strong supporter of posi-
tive thinking, she warns that
thoughts must be combined
with action in order to be truly
One way to ensure that you
reach your goal is repeating the
new behavior consistently. Ac-
cording to Dr. Nora Volkow, di-
rector of the National Institute
on Drug Abuse, repetition is the

key to success.
Doing a new habit consistent-
ly makes sure that your brain
recognizes it, and finally, "if you
don't do it, you feel awful," said
Another strategy to help you
stick to your new habit is to get
rid of any rituals linked to your
bad habits. If you are trying
to eat healthier and are use to
snacking with junk food while
you watch TV, then cut out
eating in front of the television

Nelson Mandela's hospital stay grips South Africa

continued from 13B

there was tight security with
police checking all visitors' cars
to make sure no journalists
were hiding in the boot.
At a school next door children
decorated a fence with colour-
ful pictures of hands and hearts
and messages of support.

"We hope you'll get well soon,"
said one.
"Madiba, we love you," said a
sign in one of the school's win-
Ntho Molena, a 16-year-old
school pupil, said she and her
colleagues were praying for
Mandela to get well.
"We feel it is very important to
offer our support to the former

president of South Africa be-
cause he brought major chang-
es to us the children.
"We are entering the great re-
ward he fought for when he was
in prison," she told AFP.
Mandela spent 27 years in
prison for his role in the fight
against apartheid in South Af-
rica, emerging in 1990 to lead
the transition to democracy.

As South Africa's first Black
president, he defied the threat
of civil war to lead a process of
reconciliation in a country long
divided against itself.
His public appearances have
become increasingly rare since
his retirement, the last such
outing being at the closing cer-
emony of the 2010 FIFA World
Cup in Johannesburg in July.

Churches to speak to critical issues in the Black community

continued from 13B

responsibility to speak out on
important social issues, and
tax policy may be one. But the
CNBC's familiar preoccupation
with weighing in on matters pri-
marily political, while remain-
ing silent on matters within its
ecclesiastical reach, makes it
hard to consider the group dis-
tinct from the many other civil
rights gatherings that do much

talking but solve few problems.
As a pastor of a church that
has a few thousand members,
I would love to hear that the
CNBC is challenging its mem-
bership to recruit 500,000
families to take in our coun-
try's half-million foster chil-
dren. (My church's Harvest of
Hope program has recruited
365 families to become foster
parents to 700 foster children
and adoptive parents to 225
children.) I would love to hear

that the CNBC is instituting a
financial-education program at
each of its churches. I would
love to hear that it is encour-
aging academic achievement
by guaranteeing resources and
mentors for every Black stu-
None of these problems will
be solved by government poli-
cies alone. They need the atten-
tion of our churches and other
community organizations.
When King announced on the

eve of his assassination that he
had seen the "Promised Land,"
he could not have imagined the
levels of violence, school drop-
outs, drug addiction and child
abandonment that have be-
come normal in Black America.
To get to the Promised Land,
we will need to rebuild the in-
frastructure of the Black fam-
ily, the neighborhood and the
The question remains: Who
will do this work?

Large number of churches unable to pay their mortgage

continued from 13B

straight mortgage, to fund con-
struction. Historically, church-
es wanting to build turned to
their governing bodies or to
specialized lenders that origi-
nated fixed-rate 25-year to 30-
year mortgages.
But during the real-estate
boom, regional and commu-
nity banks attracted churches
with lower rates on shorter-
term loans. At the same time,
some bond underwriters be-
gan offering churches more
money up front if they issued

so-called compound-interest
bonds. In such cases, church-
es often paid nothing until the
bonds came due years later,
but then had to pay both the
principal and accrued inter-
est, which often doubled the
amount they owed.

Many such bonds come due
in the next few years. But with
property values down and
cash in short supply, many
churches won't have the funds
to pay and will have trouble
refinancing. "In 2011 and the
next couple of years, we're go-

ing to see a big maturity wall
hitting these churches," said
Scott Rolfs, head of Wiscon-
sin-based investment bank
Ziegler and Co.'s Religion and
Education practice.
Many churches have also
been upended by plain mort-
gages. Vineyard Christian
Fellowship in Sacramento
took out a $1.9 million mort-
gage to acquire a $2.3 mil-
lion 18,000-square-foot prop-
erty in 2004 that included a
church and two retail spaces.
Johnny Zapara, the pastor,
had refinanced his own home
for $400,000 to make a down

payment and expected to pay
most of the $17,000 monthly
payment with income from re-
tail tenants.
When one of the tenants
went out of business and a
new one couldn't be found,
Vineyard subsidized the pay-
ments for two years. Even-
tually the church ran out of
money and couldn't refinance
because the value of the prop-
erty had fallen sharply. The
lender foreclosed earlier this
"A building does not make a
church. We will find a way to
continue," Zapara said.

A future filled with music

BOSTIC singing ministry. She contin-
continued from 12B ues to travel to singing engage-
ments at least once or twice a
her 41-year-old son, Quentin month and in recent years she
Bostic, said he is able to find has toured the country as the
comfort in his mother's sing- opening act for the gospel play,
ing. "Church Mess."
"[Her music] keeps me going, While Bostic is considering
it keeps me strong, that's what retiring from having singing
I love about it," he said. anniversaries, she unequivo-
That ability to seek sol- cally denies a desire to retire
ace from music and her faith from singing.
proved very useful to Bostic as "I'm going to sing until
well. In recent years, she began the Lord says, "Oh, you had
suffering from arthritis which enough," she said.
gradually worsened to the point In 2011, there are several
of handicapping her in 2003. more entertainment projects to
Now Bostic uses a combina- look forward to including the
tion of a wheelchair and walker release of a feature film, "Fam-
to maneuver around her Carol ily Mess" in which she has her
City home. But her reduced first feature film role, as well
mobility has not hampered her as recording a gospel single.

Congregations give online

continued from 13B

people who we would never
readh," Nicolakis said.
The Greek Orthodox Archdio-
cese, an early adopter of online
giving, allows donations via
Facebook and cell phone texts.
But last February's epic
snowstorm in the Washington
area converted some disbeliev-
ers, Enzler said. With many
churchgoers trapped at home,
he estimates the archdiocese
lost about $1.4 million about
$10,000 per church.
Parishioners miss an average
of 10 services a year at their
home parish, said W. Brian

Walsh, founder of the Alexan-
dria, Virginia-based Faith Di-
Direct debit and credit card
payments mean more consis-
tent giving, according to elec-
tronic payment companies,
which estimate collections in-
crease 10 percent to 30 per-
Since 2003, Walsh has made
contracts with nearly 300
churches in 45 Catholic dio-
ceses nationwide.
For an average parish with
1,500 families, Faith Direct
charges an annual fee of about
$7,800. Other companies
charge a percentage of the total

Properly terminating employees

continued from 13B

Meet with the staff mem-
ber. Before making any deci-
sions, meet with the individual
to discuss what you have ob-
served. Allow the staff member
to respond and ask questions.
If appropriate, discuss clear
performance goals, a timeline
for improvement and the conse-
quences for failure to improve.
Remember volunteers can
be dismissed. While volunteers
are not technically employees,
you can hold them accountable

to meet well-defined expecta-
tions. Consider offering an-
other position that better suits
the volunteer's talents. Even
though volunteers aren't paid,
they still have a job to do and
can be dismissed.
Consider legal counsel.
Thorough documentation of
performance issues and related
communication are the best de-
fense against potential lawsuits.
However, it may be appropriate
to seek legal counsel before ter-
minating an employee. Federal,
state and local employment
laws may come into play.

S11111n111:1. I, .I I I* 1 ; il 3

Just follow these three easy steps

For 88 years as a community service, The Miami Times has
paid tribute to deceased members of the community by
publishing all funeral home obituaries free of charge. That
remains our policy today. We will continue to make the pro-
cess an easy one and extend this service to any and all
families that wish to place an obituary in The Miami Times.

1) Obituaries follow a simple format and must be in our of-
fice no later than 2:30 p.m. on Monday. All of this is free.

2) Like most publications, obituaries can be tailored to
meet your specific needs, including photographs, a listing
of survivors and extensive family information, all for addi-
tional charges.

3) In order to make sure your information is posted correct-
ly, you may hand deliver your obituary to one of our rep-
resentatives. Obituaries may also be sent to us by e-mail
(classified@miamitimesonline.com) or fax (305-694-6211).

For additional questions or concerns, please call us at 305-
694-6210 and we will be happy to provide you with quality


The Beautiful Gate Can-
cer Support and Resource
Center invites all men to their
breast cancer support group
meetings to help save the
women in their lives on Feb. 3
at the Silver Blue Lakes Mis-
sionary Baptist Church from 6
p.m. to 8 p.m.; Feb. 5 at the
House of Prayer Missionary
Baptist Church from 10 a.m.
to 12 p.m. and on Feb. 10 at
the Austin Hepburn Center
from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at 305-

Bible Missionary Baptist
Church is celebrating its 38th
Church Anniversary Feb. 7 -
11 at 11 a.m. 305-836-7644.

Bethany Seventh Day Ad-
ventist invites you to a week-
end of spiritual inspiration on
Feb. 19 that includes an af-

ternoon musical extravaganza
and a session where students
can meet representatives from
Oakwood University.

0 Antioch Missionary Bap-
tist Church of Brownsville
is celebrating its 100th Anni-
versary on Feb. 2 at 7:30 p.m.

Lively Stones for Jesus
Ministries, Inc. is hosting a
special guest speaker on Feb.
9 10 at 7:30 p.m. 954-685-

New Life Family Worship
Center welcomes the commu-
nity to their Bible Study Class
at 7 p.m. every Wednesday.

Victory in Life Miracles
Ministries Inc. presents a
Women's Revival Service 11:00

am, Saturday, Feb. 5 at Don
Shula's Hotel in the French
Open Ballroom. Rev. Deborah
A. Carter, 305-389-1776.

A Mission with a New
Beginning Church mem-
bers invites the community to
their Sunday Worship service
at 11:15 a.m. on Thursdays,
Prayer Meetings at 6:30 p.m.
and Bible Class at 7 p.m.

Come along and join Saint
Cecelia's chapter of Saint
Agnes Episcopal Church on
Thursday, May 26-30, 2011 to
Atlanta, Georgia and Shorter,
Alabama. If interested sign
up with Betty Blue, Florence
Moncur and Louise Cromartie.

Shady Grove Mission-
ary Baptist Church now of-
fers a South Florida Workforce

Access Center for job seekers
open Monday Friday, 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. Maggie Porcher, 305-

The True Word of the
Holiness Church invites you
to attend worship services on
Thursday nights at 8 p.m. and
Sunday at 10 a.m. 305-681-

Christ The King AOCC
Church in Miami Gardens cor-
dially invites you to Bible study
class to be held on the first and
third Mondays from 6 -7 p.m.
305-621-1513 or 305-621-
6697. Liz Bain, 305-621-1512.

New Beginning Church
of Deliverance of All Nations
will meet with pregnant teens
at 6 p.m., every Wednesday.
786-291-3939 or 305-321-



Barack Obama Leadership Academy to open in fall

It may be empty now, but
the auditorium and hallways
of Dallas' new Barack Obama
Leadership Academy will be
filled to the brim when it opens
its doors in August.
This will be the Dallas Inde-
pendent School District's first
all-boys school, and there is
lots of activity is underway at
the Site and behind the scenes
to make sure the school lives
up to expectations.
Principal Nakia Douglas sat
down with NBC's Kristi Nel-
son in the auditorium to talk
about what he sees as a vision
for the new school.
"This is the room where we
have our school wide brother-
hood, and within the brother-
hood, this is where they get

the affirmation for the day."
Affirmations and brother-
hood are among the buzz-
words used by the man tapped
to run the new school. Doug-
las says he's been receiving
applications from every race
and spectrum imaginable, so
the campus will be very mul-
"[I'm] Excited about the work
that we're about to do with our
young men, because we're go-
ing to redefine how young men
are educated in the clty of Dal-
Parents and students from
the community have high ex-
pectations, and are looking
forward to the school opening
up. Mercedes Burch is just one
of many parents who's child

- t

11--- ---- .. j- ----..-.

..4 '"--"*^d



Barack Obama Leadership Academy

:'" ': has applied to the academy.
"The boys will have so much
exposure by this being the
newest campus in Dallas, and
I think that will generate even
more excitement from colleg-
Residents Gregory Cher-
ry, another parent, are hop-
ing that the renovated school
that was formerly B.F. Darrell
School, will add a boost to the
surrounding neighborhood.
"And if you're raising all
men to be strong in this com-
at munity, what they're going to
S do they're, also going to lift up
their community as well."
Renovations. will continue
through the year, and stu-
dents will start filling the halls
Sand trophy cases in August.

By Teri Cettina

For a significant, number
of Americans, "spiritual-
ity" and "religion" are syn-
onymous; if you believe in
one, you're automatically
committed to the other and
define yourself as a Catho-
lic, Jew, Muslim, Protestant,
or member of another de-
nomination. But the fact is,
almost one in six Americans
today is unaffiliated with
any particular religion. In-
deed, young adults under
age 30--today's and tomor-
row's parents, essentially--
are the most likely to be liv-
ing religion-free lives.
. So if you or your spouse is
sitting squarely on the spiri-
tual fence--unsure of what
the heck you believe in--or



if you've already opted out of
formal Sunday church ser-
vices, can you still nurture
some sort of spiritual devel-
opment in your kids? Ab-
solutely, says Rabbi Sandy
Eisenberg Sasso of the Con-
gregation Beth-El Zedeck,
in Indianapolis. "You're not
teaching math," she says.
"You don't actually have to
have the ansiver key on this

Lisa Miller, Ph.D., associ-
ate professor of psychology
and education at Colum-
bia University's Teachers
College, in New York City,
heartily agrees: "When it
comes to spirituality, we
parents are just our kids'
ambassadors. We can show


"One thing religions have done
well for centuries is to owner people
time to pause in their week, check in,
and reflect about bigger issues." says
Doe. You can do the same for your
own family. Go for a walk. Try yoga to-
gether. Have your kids draw or write
in a journal about a spiritual topic
like "What do you wish you could ask
God creatur/higher power?" Or des-
ignate an hour a week as unplugged
(no electronics) family time.
And as with all aspects of parent-
ing, fumbling is perfectly okay and
expected, says Rabbi Sasso. Teach-
ing kids about spirituality isn't about
doing it perfectly or finding the
"right" church. "It's more about asking
deeper questions with your children
and letting them see people living out
their lives with meaning," says Rabbi
Sasso. "All parents can do that."

them around, but we don't
need to know everything."
And that exploration is
'well wor'ti the effort. Mill-
er's research indicates that
personal spirituality results
in much more than just a
nice warm, fuzzy feeling.
She says kids who develop
a sense of a loving higher
power or a guiding force--
whether they call it God,
creator, Allah, or simply
"loving universe"--are 80
percent less likely to suf-
fer major depression and 50
percent less likely to suffer
from substance abuse as

Many good children's
books hit on topics related
Please turn to KIDS 19B

, I

Local malls promote literacy

with 'Book Blast' event

Special to The Miami Times

Reading is the most powerful
skill a child can learn, as it in-
fluences success in school and
improves the overall quality of
life. That's why seven leading
malls across the state of Flor-
ida, owned by Simon Property
Group, will promote the im-
portance of reading arid col-
lect new and gently-used books
at each mall's "Kidgits Book
Blast" event.
Simon Kidgits Club's "Book
Blast" events welcome children
of all ages to celebrate the joys
of reading. Engaging activi-
ties and giveaways will bring to
life children's stories and help
celebrate books and the impor-
tance of reading. In addition,
select book blast events will
also feature the Florida Depart-
ment of Education's "Find a
Book, Florida," tool, created by
MetaMetrics,,that will help at-
tendees locate new and intrigu-
ing books tailored to their own
reading interests based upon
the attendee's reading ability.
A two-week book drive will
commence at each mall's
"Kidgits Book Blast." Families
are encouraged to donate new
and/or gently-used books at
each of the seven participating
mall's Guest Services Desks for
two weeks after the events. The
books will support the goals
of The Florida Department of
Education's "Just Read, Flor-
ida!," an initiative that aims
to have all children reading on
grade level by 2012. All books
collected will be distributed to
programs and schools in the vi-
cinity of the participating mall
through donations to the Flori-

da Education Foundation.
"Reading and literacy serve as
the foundation of all learning,"
says Stu Greenberg, executive
director, Just Read, Florida!
and the Office of Early Learn-
ing. "It is our hope that this

ing regular mall hours, for a
membership fee of $5. Mem-
bership includes a Kidgits Club
membership card and T-shirt,
scheduled entertainment and
activities for families, a Birth-
day Club (including birthday


event will inspire children to
learn to read and read well so
that they can excel in life and
achieve their dreams. The Just
Read, Floridal initiative is help-
ing to ensure a brighter future
for all the children in Florida."
Lynnette Lauria, portfolio
vice president of marketing
for Florida, Simon Property
Group, said, "We recognize
the importance of reading and
are thrilled that our malls will
serve as a venue to drop off
books, as we continue to look
for ways to encourage children
to share the joy of reading with
The Simon Kidgits Club's
"Book Blast" event is free to all
members. Families can sign
up for the Kidgits Club, dur-


card and gift redemption cer-
tificate), unique programs and
offers, discounts and a quar-
terly newsletter. For more in-
formation, visit www.simon.
Here are are the following
malls in South Florida that are
participating on the following
Dadeland Mall (Miami):
Friday, February 11 from 6:30
p.m. to 8 p.m.
The Falls (Miami): Saturday,
February 12 from 2 p.m. to 4
Miami International Mall
(Miami): Saturday, March 12
from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m.
Coral Square (Coral
Springs): Saturday, March 19
from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m.


Adults are often amazed by their wisdom and insight

By Jeff Brumley

Parents, spiritual leaders
and others who work with
children in religious settings
aren't surprised by stories of
children's capacity for wisdom.
In fact, they say children often
possess uncanny spiritual in-
sight, a truth that often aston-
ishes adults and deepens their
grown-up faith.
"I think [they] are naturally
more spiritual than adults,"
said Rabbi Shmuley Boteach,
author of the new book "Hon-
oring the Child Spirit: Inspi-
ration and Learning from Our
Some of the reasons for that
are obvious, he said. Children
are less materialistic than
adults and more prone to ex-
periencing awe at life and cre-
ation. They take pleasure in
so-called simple things rain,
hugs, animals because chil-
dren are more intimately con-
nected with the creator, Bote-
ach said.
"They think everything has
some sort of mystery or some
sort of meaning," he said, and
"the essence of spirituality is
that there is meaning ... in ev-
erything that is around you."
Skeptics need to look no fur-
ther than their own holy books,
said Imam Enrique Rasheed,

spiritual leader of the Jack-
sonville Masjid of Al-Islam.
Christian, Jewish and Mus-
lim holy books are replete
with examples of adults being
amazed and often stymied by
the mouths of babes.
A story in the Quran re-
counts Abraham destroying
all the idols in an area except
one. When he is asked if he
was the perpetrator, the boy
responds that they should ask
the remaining idol. The adults
tell him he's silly because obvi-
ously an idol cannot know or
say anything.
"He said, 'yet you worship
this thing, and it can't tell you
anything,' Rasheed said. "It
dumbfounded the people."
Rasheed pointed to the New
Testament story about Jesus
meeting with religious leaders
in a temple as a boy, amazing
them with his knowledge and
interpretation of Scripture.
"And he was just a young
child," Rasheed said.
"God ... continues to inspire
people and that inspiration is
not limited to aged persons. It
comes in all ages."
Theresa Cline, a pre-kinder-
garten teacher at St. Joseph
Catholic School in Mandarin,
Children are also more
teachable, more honest about

their feelings and expressive of
They also are fearless about
their faith and matters of life
and death, said Trudy Harris,
author of "Glimpses of Heaven"
and last year's "More Glimpses
of Heaven."
"Children share very purely
with you," said Harris, a Jack-
sonville resident. "They're not

jaded by the world, they tell
you just as they experience
things and ... they don't care if
you don't believe them."
Harris' expertise comes from
her 22 years as a hospice
nurse and the interviews she
conducted for her books,. one
of which included Bonnie Tin-
gley's experience with the little
girl who reported a conversa-

your future T

LIFE ntm


tion with Christ before her
Harris shared a story from
one of her books about a little
boy who was dying.
"He said to his nurse, 'I've
told you that Jesus visits me
sometimes,' and she said 'Yes,'
" Harris said. The boy then
said: '[Jesus] told me the next
time he comes to see me he is

going to take me with him,' and
he died very soon after that."
Hearing such words from a
child can strike a deep chord,
especially in adults who have
children, Tingley said.
"You become grateful you
have your children as long as
you do and you realize life has
it's days and you need to make
the most of them."

Have you or someone you know

dropped out, or are you struggling

in a traditional high school?

SThere is a better way to get a high school diploma.

LifeSkills of Miami-Dade has served students
in the community for over 5 years
and has relocated to better serve you.

--qi 'I



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Teaching spirituality to kids

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First lady: Army health initiative may be a model

By Susanne M. Schafer
The Associated Press

First lady Michelle Obama
said recently that the mili-
tary's push to turn recruits
into health-conscious war-
riors could be a model for
making people across the
U.S. more focused on fitness
and nutrition.
Obama, who has made bat-
tling childhood obesity one
of her signature causes as
first lady, visited the Army's
largest training post at Fort
Jackson outside Columbia to
see what the Army has done,
from more rigorous training
drills to fat-free milk in its
mess halls.
"I'm very excited," Obama

told Lt. Gen. Mark Hertling,
who has worked to overhaul
both the soldiers' diets and
exercise programs. "I am fas-
cinated by what you're do-
A lack of fitness is "not just
a health issue but a nation-
al security issue," she said,
and the military's health ini-
tiatives could be a model for
youngsters elsewhere.
Hertling gave the first
lady a military-style brief-
ing, accompanied by colorful
slides beamed on three large
screens hung on the walls,
that detailed how the nation's
.obesity problems create prob-
lems for the Army.
Kids are spending too much
time in front of TV and com-
puter screens, not getting

Michelle Obama
enough exercise and drinking
too many sugary soft drinks,
Hertling said. He said that
makes their bones too fragile
for military lifestyles.
New soldiers are given ex-

ercises for core body strength
and stamina. Mess halls now
feature more dark greens,
whole grains and no-fat milk,
he said.
Fort Jackson's commander,
Maj. Gen. James Milano, said
the first lady's visit would be
a big boost for military fami-
lies, particularly those who
have endured years of deploy-
ments and separations.
"It's a huge benefit for us, to
have her come here and visit.
This is a great day, a chance
for her to come and talk di-
rectly to Army soldiers and
their families," Milano said.
Recently, Obama appeared
on "The Oprah Winfrey Show"
to urge Americans to support
the struggles of U.S. mili-
tary families. The first lady

said she and Jill Biden, wife
of Vice President Joe Biden,
plan to launch a campaign
in March to support military
Recently, President Barack
Obama announced programs
meant to support military
families, including initiatives
to prevent suicide and home-
"There are things as a na-
tion we can do big and small,"
the first lady said during her
television appearance. "And
it's not a difficult thing to do."
Obama was to address the
latest group of training grad-
uates, about 1,100 soldiers.
Fort Jackson trains more
than 60,000 soldiers annu-
ally, including more than half
the Army's female soldiers.

Going digital may not improve U.S. patient care

By Julie Steenhuysen

CHICAGO Electronic
health records touted by
the White House as a key way
to improve healthcare in the
United States may actu-
ally do little to improve qual-
ity, U.S. researchers said. re-
A team from Stanford Uni-
versity in California analyzed
nationwide survey data from
more than 250,000 visits to
physicians' offices and other
outpatient settings between
2005 and 2007.
They found electronic
health records did little to
improve quality, even when
there was "decision support"
software that gives doctors
tips on how best to treat indi-
vidual patients.
"Across a wide range of
quality indicators there was
no consistent association be-
tween having those electronic
tools available and providing
better quality of care," said
Dr. Randall Stafford of Stan-

ford, whose study appears in
the Archives of Internal Medi-
Electronic health records
systems that include this
software have been shown in
other studies to significantly
improve health quality.
President Barack Obama
has made using information
technology a central plank in
his plan to cut costs out of
the U.S. healthcare system,
offering up to $27 billion in
government funds aimed at
speeding the switch to elec-
tronic medical records.
The push is largely based
on the assumption that mov-
ing to electronic from paper
records will improve commu-
nication and reduce medical
errors. But that may not be
In a prior study, Stafford's
team showed that simply
putting paper records into a
digital format did little to im-
prove care. In the new study,
the team looked at whether
adding decision support tools

Ill I

m fi

President Barack Obama has made using information
technology a central plank in his plan to cut costs out of

the U.S. healthcare system.

The tools remind doctors of
guidelines for treating specific
conditions. For example, they
might remind a doctor to or-
der a specific test, or a spe-
cific antibiotic.
But the software tools did
not significantly improve
quality of care, Stafford said.
He said the ,study suggests
that improving health quality

will take more than just add-
ing information technology to
the mix.
"We need to be more realis-
tic about what to expect from
electronic health records,"
Stafford said.
"I believe this study sug-
gests that it is naive to believe
that the simple presence oT
an electronic health record or
even these systems with more

advanced functionality will by
themselves change the qual-
ity of care," he said.
In a commentary in the
same journal, Drs. Clement
McDonald and Swapna Ab-
hyankar of the National Insti-
tutes of Health said Stafford's
findings were "dismal."
They said other studies
have found well-implemented
decision support programs
have been shown to improve
care, and it may be that the
systems in the study were im-
mature, and better training
would improve the outcome.
Stafford said stimulus
funding to standardize medi-
cal records may improve what
he said is now a patchwork of
Health information tech-
nology companies include
Cerner Corp, McKesson Corp
and Quality Systems Inc.,
as well as larger technology
companies such as General
Electric's GE Healthcare'~trit
Siemens, Microsoft Corp and
Google Inc.

Bill Gates sets goal of wiping out polio

By Steve Sternberg

Halfa century after the March
of Dimes put the 20th century's
most feared childhood disease
on the road to eradication, Bill
Gates recently declared polio
his top priority and challenged
world leaders to finish the job
before the disease roars back.
"We are on the threshold of
eliminating polio once and for
all," the Microsoft billionaire
and philanthropist says in his
2011 annual letter, given in
advance to USA TODAY and
slated for public release in New
York on Monday. In an inter-

India, Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan are now the only
countries that have active transmission of the disease.

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has given $500,000
to University of Leeds researchers. Scientists Dave Rowlands
and Nicola Stonehouse are developing a vaccine with the
prospect of ridding the earth of polio.

view, Gates warns, however,
that outbreaks in Nigeria, Ta-
jikistan and the Democratic
Republic of Congo provide a
"scary" reminder that decades
of progress will be lost without
sustained action.
India, Nigeria, Pakistan and
Afghanistan are now the only
countries that have active
transmission of the disease.
Gates says the biggest threat to
the success of the Global Polio
Eradication initiative in those
countries and elsewhere is a
$720 million funding shortfall
for this year and next. Given the
stakes, Gates says he is putting

the full weight of his influence
on the line to rally world lead-
ers to wipe out the disease.
"Clearly, I'm betting money,
reputation, energy, everything
we have to help polio eradica-
tion this year," he says.
Last Wednesday, Gates trav-
eled to the United Arab Emir-
ates to meet with Pakistani
ministers and seal a $17 mil-
lion partnership with Sheikh
Mohammed bin Zayed, crown
prince of Abu Dhabi, to fund
polio 'vaccinations. On Friday,
at the World Economic Forum
in Switzerland, Gates and Brit-
ish Prime Minister David Cam-
eron announced that Britain

would give about $62 million.
The Bill and Melinda Gates
Foundation plans to boost its
$200 million annual contribu-
tion by $102 million this year,
Gates says.
Gates also is working behind
the scenes. He recently met pri-
vately with Pakistani President
Asif Ali Zardari in Washington,
D.C., to urge him to provide full
backing for Pakistan's eradica-
tion plan. "Pakistan can do bet-
ter for its children," Gates says.
More than two-thirds of Paki-
stan's polio cases occur in
the districts where Pakistani
troops are battling insurgents,
says Michael Galway, the Gates
foundation's Pakistan expert.
Because of the conflict, Gal-
way says, "We're missing one-
third of susceptible kids. Any-
where from 250,000 to 350,000
children can't be reached."
About 80 percent of the cases
occur among Pashtuns, many
of whom travel regularly be-
tween Pakistan and Afghani-
stan, fueling Afghanistan's epi-
demic, he says.
Children in the USA also are
at risk, experts say, because
parents who don't vaccinate
their children because they're
fearful of vaccine side-effects
create pockets of children sus-
ceptible to the virus.
"If you increase the number
of unvaccinated children, you
increase the chance that this
Please turn to GATES 19B


with diabetes

rises to 26M
Special to the Miami Times

Nearly 26 million Americans
have diabetes, according to new
estimates from the Centers for Dis-
ease Control and Prevention (CDC).
In addition, an estimated 79 mil-
lion U.S. adults have pre-diabetes,
a condition in which blood sugar
levels are higher than normal but
not high enough to be diagnosed as
Diabetes affects 8.3 percent of
Americans of all ages and 11.3 per-
cent of adults aged 20 and older,
according to the National Diabetes
Fact Sheet for 2011. About 27 per-
cent of those with diabetes -7 mil-
lion Americans -do'not know they
have the disease.
"These distressing numbers show
how important it is to prevent type
2 diabetes and to help those who
have diabetes manage the disease
to prevent serious complications
such as kidney failure and blind-
ness," said Ann Albright, Ph.D,
R.D., director of CDC's Division
of Diabetes Translation. 'We know
that a structured lifestyle program
that includes losing weight and in-
creasing physical activity can pre-
vent or delay type 2 diabetes."
In 2008, CDC. estimated that
23.6 million Americans, or 7.8 per-
cent of the population, had diabe-
tes and another 57 million adults
had pre-diabetes. The 2011 esti-
mates have increased for several
reasons: more people are develop-
ing diabetes, and more people are
living longer with diabetes, which
raises the totalr number of those
with the disease.
In a study published last year,
CDC projected that as many as
1-in-3 U.S. adults could have dia-
betes by 2050 if current trends
continue. Type 2 diabetes, in
which the body gradually loses
-itv-ability to use and produce in-
sulin, accounts for 90 percent to
Please turn to DIABETES 19B





The Miami Times




Bad eating habits can give you

WASHINGTON Eating foods high in trans-fats and saturated fats increases the risk of depression,
according to a Spanish study published in the US Wednesday, confirming previous studies that linked
"junk food' with the disease.
Researchers also showed that some products, such as olive oil, which is high in healthy ome-
ga-9 fatty acids, can fight against the risk of mental illness.
Authors of the wide-reaching study, from the universities of Navarra and Las Palmas de
Gran Canaria, followed and analyzed the diet and lifestyle of over 12,000 volunteers :
over six years.
When the study began, none of the participants had been diagnosed
with depression; by the end, 657 of them were new sufferers.
"Participants with an elevated consumption of trans-fats (fats
present in artificial form in industrially-produced
pastries and fast food ...) presented up to a
48 percent increase in the risk of depression
when they were compared to participants
who did not consume these fats," the
head study author said.
Almudena Sanchez-Villegas, associ-
ate professor of preventive medicine
at the University of Las Palmas de
Gran Canaria, also noted that
in the event "more trans-fats'
Please turn to DEPRESSION 18B 1.

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4 444**444**44444 -s O OQQl~. e aae. *a*-**a *a*o s*s o -wa ~* 444

joking and obesity trim life expectancy

hiugh smoking is a key factor, the
6rt said obesity contributes to the
:1 U.S. shortfall in life expectancy.

Ia '


Mental health low

in college freshmen

By Janice Lloyd

College freshmen's emotional health hit an
all-time low this academic year, reflecting the
stress of wanting to succeed and the cost of ac-
quiring a quality education during a struggling
economy, a report from UCLA's Higher Educa-
tion Research Institute says.
In the survey of more than 200,000 first-time
freshmen at 279 colleges and universities, only
52 percent rated their emotional health high or
above average, a drop from 64 percent in 1985
and down 3.4 percent from 2009.
The survey, released recently, reinforces
Please turn to MENTAL 18B

Students with challenges going in

This is the first year the survey included attention
deficit disorder and psychological disorder.
Percentage of students reporting

= Men = Women

Attention-deficit/hyperaci'.ir) disorder 6.4 3.8
Psychological disorder depression. ere I 2.6 4.9
Learning disabilities 3.1 2."
Physical diabilin 2." 2.7
Source: UCLA's Higher Education Research Institute

Americans living longer but not as long as other people

By Dan Vergano

Smoking, a declining habit,
and obesity, a burgeoning prob-
lem, have cut three to four years
off the increasing life expectancy
of Americans, an international
S. longevity comparison concludes..
Nationwide, men's life expec-
tancy at birth jumped about five
years and women's increased
_. about three years from 1980 to
But the National Research
Council report, which came out
.q. recently, finds that lung cancer,

B .




respiratory illness and heart dis-
ease have led to those increases
lagging the average increase in
21 other high-income nations.
"That is a lot of people dying
needlessly in their 50s," says
report panel co-chairman Sam-
uel Preston of the University of
Pennsylvania. High costs aside,
U.S. screening and treatment of
cancer and heart attacks after
age 50 match the best medical
results elsewhere, Preston says.
But "the evidence suggests the
U.S. medical system does a poor
Please turn to OBESITY 18B

Outlook on life
Lfe expectancy changes in the USA.




2007 1980 2007

Source: National Research Council

Smoking linked to breast cancer

By Liz Szabo

Women may have yet another
reason not to smoke.
In addition to causing lung
cancer, heart attacks and
strokes, a new study suggests
that smoking also may slightly
increase the risk of breast
Scientists have known for de-
cades that tobacco causes lung
cancer and at least nine other
types of tumors, according to
the National Center Institute.
Worldwide, smoking kills 5.7
million people a year, according
to the World Health Organiza-
But smoking's relationship
to breast cancer have been
less clear, with studies show-
ing mixed results, according to
a study in today's Archives of
Internal Medicine.
The new study is believed to
be the largest ever to address
the question, drawing on the
records of the long-running
Nurses' Health Study, includ-
ing more than 111,000 women
followed from 1976 to 2006.
Any history of smoking in-
creased the women's chance of
breast cancer by six percent,

the study says. Smoking one
Spack a day before menopause
increases a woman's risk of
breast cancer from 1 in 8 to
about 1 in 7.5, says co-author
Walter Willett, a professor at
the Harvard School of Public
Smoking poses a much clear-
er danger to the lungs, says
Michael Thun of the American
Cancer Society (ACS), who was
not involved in the new study.
According to the ACS, smolk-
ing increases a woman's risk of
lung cancer by 13 times.
"On its own, the impact of

smoking on breast cancer is
not major, but this adds to the
many other damaging effects of
tobacco," Willett says.
Exposure to secondhand
smoke didn't appear to increase
the women's risk, the study
But tobacco appears to af-
fect the breast differently,
depending on a woman's age,
the study says. For example,
women who started smok-
ing young before they have
children had an 18 percent
greater risk of breast cancer.
Please turn to CANCER 18B


Bipolar disorder causes major mood
swings, ranging from depression to manic
S (elevated) mood.
The Journal of the American Medical
Association says the following symptoms
may indicate bipolar disorder:
Manic phase:
Unusually elevated mood.
Anger or irritability.
Speaking and thinking quickly.
Rapidly jumping from topic to topic.
Engaging in high-risk behaviors and
making poor choices.
Not feeling the need to sleep much.
S Depressive phase:
Feeling very sad and down, without
interest in things you once enjoyed.
Feeling anxious, guilty, hopeless or
Abrupt changes in your weight.
I Abusing drugs.
Having thoughts about suicide.


Rebound headaches are sometimes
called medication overuse headaches.
They tend to occur almost every day, and
are commonly caused by taking too much
pain medication.
The American Academy of Family
S Physicians offers these suggestions to help
prevent rebound headaches:
Don't take any medication more often
than is recommended on the product
label or prescription.
If you've been taking pain medication
for a while, don't stop taking it complete-
ly without first talking to your doctor
about the appropriate way to discontinue
Avoid caffeine if it seems to worsen
S your headaches.
Make lifestyle changes including eating
regular and healthy meals, taking steps to
S manage stress, getting frequent exercise,
S and going to bed and waking up at the
same times each day.

Ean .
and aturted atsinrasesth

- 4-

'I .

Tobacco use and increase,
in breast cancer risk ;-
* Any smoking: 6% in-
creased risk
* Smoking before meno-.
pause: 11% increased risi
* Smoking before having ) y'
children: 18% increased'.

Source: Archives ol internal MeOi'one


SECwI ,%___ -D -___ ___.------------ ----


-mI f)l)Csnp




By Caitlin Hagan

Children can learn a lot
from their parents, includ-
ing whether they may some-
day have a heart attack, con-
cludes a new multinational
study to be published in the
Journal of the American Col-
lege of Cardiology.
Researchers examined data
collected between February
1999 and March 2003 as part
of the INTERHEART study to
examine whether having a pa-
rental history of myocardial
infarction, commonly. known
as a heart attack, increased
a person's risk of having the
same experience.
After reviewing data for more
than 20,000 participants, the
researchers concluded not
only that parental history
nearly doubled a person's risk
of future heart disease, but
they also found that the risk
was there even after all other
known factors such as hyper-
tension, high cholesterol, low
fruit and vegetable consump-
tion, or lack of physical activ-
ity were accounted for.
"Heart attack risk has many
important environmental as
well as genetic components,"
said Dr. Ralph L. Sacco, presi-
dent of the American Heart
Association and chairman of
the Department of Neurology
at the University of Miami.
"Often it's a combination...
with those with genetic risk
factors in a poor environment
putting them at increased risk
of cardiovascular disease."
Don't panic, though- be-
ing genetically predisposed to
heart disease does not equal
any sort of guarantee that
your parents' fate will some-
day be your own. According to
Sacco, it just means that pa-


tients with a parental history
of heart disease need to be
more diligent about managing
their symptoms.
"This is sort of a call to ac-
tion," said Sacco. "We want ev-
erybody of course to be in ex-
cellent cardiovascular health
but those who have genetic
risk have to work harder."
One way to do that may be
cognitive behavioral therapy,
also known as stress manage-
ment. Researchers in Sweden
followed, more than 300 men
and women who had sur-

vived a previous heart attack.
170 people in the group were
treated with standard care,
while 192 people had their
care augmented by a stress
management program.
According to the study re-
cently published in the Jour-
nal of the American Medical
Association, the patients in
the stress management pro-
gram had 45 percent fewer
recurrent heart attacks. They
also had a 41 percent lower
rate of both fatal and non-fa-
tal heart events.

The American Heart Assc
Sciation has set seven steps t
managing risk factors. The or
ganization recently launched
"Life's Simple 7" detailin
seven risk factors everyone
should follow for ideal cax
diovascular health. Sacc
said managing blood press
sure, blood cholesterol, an
blood sugar levels, while be
ing active, quitting smoking
managing weight and eating
a proper diet will'help anyor
reduce the risk of heart di:

Increase life expectancy by eating healthy meal

continued from 18B

job of prevention."
Japan has the highest life ex-
pectancy from birth: Men live to
79, and women live to 86. That
compares with 75.6 for U.S.
men and almost 81 for U.S.
women. "That is the short-
fall, right there, in a nutshell,"
Preston says.,
Among the report findings:
Smoking leads to about
450,000 early deaths every
year, from lung cancer and re-
spiratory ailments.
Obesity triggers "a fifth to
a third of the shortfall of (U.S.)

life expectancy," linked to dia-
betes, heart disease and other
Lack of health insurance
for 50.7 million people nation-
wide "has increased mortality
and reduced life expectancy,"
resulting in perhaps 45,000
extra deaths yearly.
Denmark, which has
smoking rates that mirror
U.S. rates, saw the same lag-
ging life expectancy increase,
while France and other Eu-
ropean nations made bigger
"This report should be the
beginning of an intense effort
to try to further understand

the reasons for the low life
expectancy," says an e-mail
from Vladimir Canudas-Romo
of the Johns Hopkins School
of Public Health in Baltimore.
"The U.S. should be among
the leaders on this."
"We're still paying the price
for the smoking people did
decades ago," Preston says.
Lung cancer can take two de-
cades to grow, explaining re-
cent increases among women,
many of whom started smok-
ing in the 1970s.
Because U.S. smoking rates
have declined, from roughly a
third of adults to a fifth, over
the past three decades, life

expectancy should "catch u
over the next feir decades
says health policy expert Dor
ald Taylor of Duke Universit
Only Canadians smoke less.
Rising obesity rates, fro:
20 percent of the population
in 1988 to 33 percent toda
might blunt that "catchir
up," says demographer Susa
Stewart of the National Bi
reau of Economic Research i
Cambridge, Mass.
The link between 'obesi
and an early death is le:
clear than smoking, the repo
notes. "But obesity clear
plays a role in reducing li
expectancy," Preston says.

Study: Depression linked to eating unhealthy food:

continued from 17B

were consumed, the greater the
harmful effect they produced in
the volunteers."
The research team found, at
the same time, that after as-
sessing the impact of polyun-
saturated fats composed of
larger amounts of fish and veg-
etable oils and olive oil, these
products "are associated with a
lower risk of suffering depres-


By Toni Young
Special to the NNPA

President Obama recently
released the National HIV/
AIDS Strategy (NHAS) and a
companion Implementation
Plan that described steps to
reduce HIV infections, increase
the proportion of HIV-positive
people who benefit from care
services and reduce HIV-relat-
ed health disparities. It is our
country's first comprehensive
HIV/AIDS strategy.
The Plan spotlights 12 areas
with some of the highest AIDS
prevalence rates in the nation:

The report, published in the
online journal PLoS ONE, not-
ed the research was performed
on a European population that
enjoys a relatively low intake of
trans-fats -- making up only
0.4 percent "of the total energy
ingested by the volunteers."
"Despite this, we observed an
increase in the risk of suffering
depression of nearly 50 per-
cent," said researcher Miguel
"On this basis we derive the
importance of taking this effect

into account in countries like
the US, where the percentage
of energy derived from these
fats is around 2.5 percent."
The report pointed out that
the current number of depres-
sion sufferers in the world is
around 150 million people,
and has increased in recent
This rise is attributable, ac-
cording to the authors, "to rad-
ical changes in the sources of
fats consumed in Western di-
ets, where we have substituted

strategy targets urban
New York City, Los Angeles, based strategies, to reduce
Washington D.C., Chicago, HIV infection and HIV-related
Atlanta, Miami, Philadelphia, disparities. Some of these ac-
Houston, San Francisco, Bal- tivities will range from routine
timore, Dallas and San Juan. opt-out screening for HIV in
Each jurisdiction was given clinical settings to HIV testing
funding through the Depart- in non-clinical settings and
ment .of Health and Human condom distribution.
Services (HHS), in coordination The 12 areas are urban, most
with the Centers for Disease with substantial Black popula-
Control and Prevention (CDC), tions. This epidemic has hit
and each is responsible for cre- Blacks harder than almost any
ating plans that will improve other community. According to
the coordinated implementa- the Kaiser Family Foundation,
tion of HIV prevent, care and Blacks account for more new
treatment services using the HIV infections, AIDS diagno-
best mix of interventions, both ses and people estimated to be
current and new evidence- living with HIV than any other

certain types of beneficial fats
-- polyunsaturated and mono-
unsaturated in nuts, vegetable
oils and fish -- for the satu-
rated and trans-fats found in
meats, butter and other prod-
ucts such as mass-produced
pastries and fast food."
Though not a focus of the
study, researchers pointed out
that deadly cardiovascular dis-
ease is "influenced in a simi-
lar manner by diet, and might
share similar mechanisms in
their origin."

racial or ethnic group in the
U.S. Of the approximately 1.1
million Americans living with
HIV/AIDS, more than 500,000
are Black. In 2006, Blacks ac-
counted for 45 percent of new
HIV infections and 46 percent
of people living with HIV while
accounting for only 12 percent
of the total population.
Developers of the Plan hope
to devise a model response to
the modern HIV epidemic in
communities hardest hit by the
disease. Each jurisdiction will
begin to prioritize programs
that are scientifically proven to
Please turn to AIDS 19B

Poor, minorities

may lack access

to trauma care

L t

Smoking not recommended

continued from 17B

That's significant, since virtu-
ally all smokers male or fe-
male take up the habit when
young, usually as teens, says
Stanton Glantz, director of the
Center for Tobacco Control Re-
search and Education at the
University of California-San
Francisco, who was not involved
in the new study. He notes that
breast tissue appears to be
most vulnerable to carcinogens
during the years before a young

woman has children.
Yet the relationship between
smoking and breast tumors is
complex. Smoking after meno-
pause actually slightly lowered
the risk of breast cancer, per-
haps because tobacco works
against estrogen, a hormone
that fuels most breast tumors,
the study says.
That doesn't mean that doc-
tors recommend cigarettes.
Older women who smoke are
especially vulnerable to heart
attacks, strokes and other po-
tentially fatalhealth problems.

More college students stressed

continued from 17B

the need for college administra-
tors to identify and help stu-
dents who are struggling emo-
tionally, researchers say.
"This is new for college fac-
ulty," says Sylvia Hurtado, one
of the study authors. "They're
used to dealing with students'
cognitive abilities and not
"But colleges are respond-
ing. They're looking at emer-
gency plans and giving infor-
mation to faculty so they can

help identify students having
Lower levels of emotional
health can lead to poor judg-
ment around time manage-
ment, alcohol consumption
and academic motivation, the
authors say.
Female students were far
less likely to report high levels
of emotional health (46 per-
cent) -than male students (59
percent). This follows the cur-
rent trend, Hurtado says, add-
ing that "reports have shown
men have better ways of work-
ing off stress than women.

KI E '


IODl Iik n i inv i IIIIVILl-,V I LLilunll l wi



~B~I~i i

NEW YORK Many of the people most likely to need
trauma care including the poor and minorities might
find themselves furthest from hospitals that can provide
it, suggests new research.
Trauma centers are emergency departments equipped
to provide a higher level of care than the average ER for a
traumatic injury, such as a gunshot or stab wound.
"As an emergency physician who has worked in a num-
ber of ERs, both trauma facilities and non-trauma facili-
ties, I know that trauma center care really does make a
difference," lead researcher Dr. Renee Hsia of the Univer-
sity of California, San Francisco, told Reuters Health.
When caring for a traumatic injury, she added, "min-
utes matter."
Previous studies have confirmed what may not come as
a surprise: rural patients usually have to travel further
than urban patients to reach such care. Researchers had
not looked beyond distance, however, to see what other
S factors might influence access.
SIn the new study, Hsia and her colleague Yu-Chu Shen
investigated the location of trauma centers in relationship
to traditionally vulnerable patients.
In both urban and rural areas, "certain disadvantaged
groups have been shown to be at higher risk for injury,"
the authors note, "and at the same time, certain racial/
ethnic groups have been shown to have poorer out-
They linked data from the American Hospital Associa-
tion's 2005 Annual Survey with zip code-based informa-
tion from the U.S. Census, covering an estimated 265
million residents. "Easy" access to a trauma care was de-
I.. fined as living within a 20-minute drive; "difficult" meant
the nearest center was more than 60 minutes away.
o- Overall, the findings suggested that about 38 million
t: people in the U.S. live at least an hour from a trauma
r- center.
d Two out of every three urban communities had relative-
ge ly easy access to trauma centers, while 12 percent faced
S difficult distances, report the researchers in the Archives
;o of Surgery. In the rural setting, the same figures were 24
s- and 31 percent.
Id Although differences between urban and rural areas in
e- degree of access may' have been expected, the disparities
g, within each were somewhat less so.
g The researchers found that urban communities with a
ae large foreign-born contingent, for example, faced up to
s- twice the odds of having difficult access to trauma care
compared to populations with predominantly U.S.-born
Similarly, a high proportion of Black residents raised
S the odds of difficult access for an urban or rural commu-
nity by about a third, and a large number of poor families
.p living at or below the poverty line increased the odds by
n- Hsia noted that these same vulnerable populations also
y. tend to be the most frequently hospitalized for traumatic
m "This means that those who need the services most are
)n further away from them," she said.
y, Moreover, while population size continues to rise, bring-
ig ing with it increased demand for emergency services,
an emergency departments and trauma centers continue to
S close across the country due in part to financial hard-
i ships, noted Hsia.
y The researchers point out that knowledge of this mis-
ss match in the supply and demand for trauma centers
rt could help healthcare policymakers reach better informed
ly decisions.
fe "Trauma care isn't a luxury good it's not like Botox,
or plastic surgery," Hsia said. "Having access to trauma
care means someone lives or dies based on whether they
get it or not."



Campaigns for polio have reduced the disease

continued from 16B

virus will find new subjects,"
says David Oshinsky, Pulitzer
Prize-winning author of Polio:
An American Story. "Polio's only
a plane ride away."
"We've got to get this vaccine
into the mouths of children,"
says Bruce Aylward, head of
the World Health Organiza-
tion's eradication program.
In 1988, when the World
Health Organization, aided by
Rotary International, UNICEF
and other partners, launched
the Global Polio Eradication
program, the disease killed or
paralyzed 350,000 children a

year worldwide. By last year,
the total dropped to fewer
than 1,500 worldwide, Ayl-
ward says.
If Gates provides the fi-
nal push for polio eradica-
tion joining March of Dimes
co-founder Franklin Delano
Roosevelt and vaccine pio-
neers Jonas Salk and Albert
Sabin he may be remembered
as much for providing the
"knockout blow" to polio as for
founding Microsoft, Oshinsky
says. "Bill Gates is finishing
the work that FDR started,"
he says.
Gates says he is confident
that polio will join smallpox
in oblivion except for closely

guarded samples in govern-
ment laboratories though he
is reluctant to predict when
success will come. But Ayl-
ward says that if anyone can
pull this off, Gates can.
"This man is no coward," he
says. "He knew what he was
getting involved in."
Walter Orenstein, one of
Gates' key advisers on vac-
cine-preventable diseases, say
the foundation already has
begun to focus on such things
as how to certify that polio is
wiped out and guarantee that
it never comes back. One po-
tential pitfall: The cheapest
vaccine, the oral version, uses
a weakened virus that can

New approach to HIV/AIDS epidemic

continued from 18B

reduce HIV infection, increase access
to care, or reduce HIV-related dispari-
ties. In addition, they prioritize cost-
efficient and, sustainable outcomes on
a community-wide level. HHS and the
CDC will guide these plans to identify
optimal coordination of HIV preven-
tion, care and treatment and will help
the public health community in its ef-
forts to best attack this epidemic and
change the course of Black health in
these urban areas as a whole. These
Plans are just the beginning of a push
to develop Health Equity Zones in
communities impacted by HIV, diabe-

tes and other diseases.
It is believed that as this strategy
takes shape, we will understand the
prevalence and incidence of HIV/
AIDS in a new way, we will be able
to use homegrown interventions to
test their feasibility and we will have
a chance to re-tool our approaches to
find what works now and what works
best. Through these jurisdictions, we
will gain the knowledge necessary to
fight this disease and fight the socio-
economic realities of this disease.
The goal is simple: to put an end to
the rise of HIV in our neighborhoods
and to begin the systemic treatment
of our communities and our loved

sometimes cause polio in peo-
ple with poor immunity.
"They could re-seed the
population (with polio virus),"
Orenstein says, bringing the
disease back. Public health
experts are trying to find ways
to make the killed, injectable
vaccine more affordable in de-
veloping countries. They also
are working on antiviral drugs
that can wipe out the virus in
those that do become infected.
"As long as there's polio any-
where, people everywhere are
at risk," Orenstein says. "We're
still not out of the woods. But
it's in everyone's best interest
to terminate transmission of
this virus."

Learn to teach children the

fundamentals of spirituality

continued from 15B

to kindness, justice, tolerance, fairness--all is-
sues that could be considered "spiritual" in that
they address the connectedness of all people
and of living life with purpose. Just don't get
too heavy-handed during your reading ses-
sions, notes Rabbi Sasso, herself an author
of several children's books, including God's
Paintbrush. "Instead of 'See how this story
teaches us not to be selfish?' ask your child
open-ended questions like 'What did you
think was the most important part of this sto-
ry?' or 'What would you have done?' Sasso

Holy land

Egypt tour

Dr. and Mrs. G.S. Smith in-
vite you on a trip of a lifetime
to spend 12 wonderful days in
Cairo, Egypt and The Holy Land
from June 21 to July 1.
If the trouble in Egypt is not
cleaned up, we will go to Holy
Land. The trip will not be can-
Call Mrs. Geneva Smith at
305-891-3570, for your bro-
chure. Space is limited!


Dr. M

Dr. and Mrs. G.S. Smith

Diabetes rate steadily rises

continued from 16B

95 percent of diabetes cases.
Risk factors for type 2 diabe-
tes include older age, obesity,
family history, having diabe-
tes while pregnant (gestational
diabetes), a sedentary lifestyle
and race/ethnicity. Groups at
higher risk for the disease are
Blacks, Hispanics and Native
Americans. For adults, diabe-
tes rates were 16.1 percent for
Native Americans, 12.6 percent
for Blacks and 11.8 percent for
Hispanics. Diabetes is the sev-

enth leading cause of death in
the United States. People with
diabetes are more likely to suf-
fer from complications such
as heart attacks, strokes, high
blood pressure, kidney failure,
blindness and amputations of
feet and legs. Diabetes costs
$174 billion annually, includ-
ing $116 billion in direct medi-
cal expenses.
Information on diabetes pre-
vention and control from the
National Diabetes Education
Program -a joint effort of CDC
and NIH -is available at www.

I ; ~K~B,

Temple Missionary
Baptist Church
1723 N.W. 3rd Avenue
IWRlittlliltl ltlraIIiIZR I
Order of Services
ndo)rhd9 q 45~im
Sun M& ringSer. I ia i
lueda) 8;e Stu
Felrltkig1Mir.i, IOa
wed le Md-'Pmroyer 6 O5 p i
Re. llelAGtlI.Fu .l p r,
: i liin tiiieiiiit'. i 6a ii

St. John Baptist Church
1328 N.W. 3rd Avenue

~n-j-- -tf

', [ ll ,
m, ir, .,W ,'!30oDA
S ,So da V'ul 9 30 ,Or.
Alren. 'n .P II pm
sarnm A1 R-be 'u4
PUK moIlnlr

Mt. Calvary Missionary
Baptist Church
1140 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.

St. Mark Missionary
Baptist Church
1470 N.W. 87th Street

Order of Services
iLiad 7 hl andl II am
t andu I SMsiron ry
8p om ShdIa ,Sle h l g
R 8p.J s*F. p W'llrm ,
i~ ~ ~ ~ 8r ^^IM^^I r"1 Si~tVi

New Birth Baptist Church, The Cathedral of Faith International
2300 N.W. 135th Street

Order of Services
Sunday Worship 7 a.m.,
11 a.m., 7 p.m.
Sunday School 9:30 a.m.
Tuesday (Bible Study) 6:45p.m.
Wednesday Bible Study
10:45 a.m.

1 (800) 254-NBBC

Zion Hope
Missionary Baptist
5129 N.W. 17th Avenue
.. Order of Services

I U ag ,r Pa Wormhp II a m
-1.V cAd T h,u d lurd
S 5 de'igiwi ot.p 9llr 6 P p' I
Pr) M4etr 9 Bible ,Mi,
PBi rsday I p m

Jordan Grove Missionary
Baptist Church
5946 N.W. 12th Avenue

Order of Services
i, Wily 'p ?7am
S NB( 1005 Mr
SWor,;p II ani lori .p 4 pm
Misuo end IwF.le
(~I. Tuiaa, 6 D0 p m
U-j'^ 1 ^^ ^ ^

Friendship Missionary Baptist Church
740 N.W. 58th StreetI

Order of Services


Hour of Prayer 6:30 a.m. Early Morning Worship 7:30 a.m.
Sunday School 9:30 a.m. Morning Worship 11 a.m.
Youth Ministry Study, Wed 7 p.m. Prayer/Bible Study, Wed 7 p.m.
Noonday Altar Prayer...(M-f)
Feeding the Hungry every Wednesday. ......11 a.m.-l p.m.
www.friendshipmbcmia.org friendshipproyer@hellsoulh.net

Hosanna Community
Baptist Church
2171 N.W. 56th Street
W I1 Ill r .m.


Order of Services
Sundeo Svcool 945 am
Worrhip 11 am
Bble Sud,, Ihurrday 1730 p m
fIuli Miniury
Mon Wed 6 p m


Pembroke Park Church of Christ
3707 S.W. 56th Avenue Hollywood, FL 33023

Order of Services
S Sunday. Bible Study 9 o m. Morning Worship 10 a m.
Evening Worship 6 p.m
SWednesday Geneial Bible Sludy 7-30 p m
Television Program Sure Foundation
My33 WBFS/Comaost 3 Salurday 1:30 a.m
wWw pembrokeparklhurlhofchristl om pembrokeparkcot@brellsaurh nel
Alvi Da iel, Jr.Minste

93rd Street Community
missionary Baptist Church
2330 N.W. 93rd Street

Order of Services
l o0 0 m Ir1, Mming Worhp
I m .mrrun. Wor,,p
F[*n, WOrMRLp
IlV & .uilrndar p."
Tueda, Ible udlI pm
eble icmbi urg


liberty City Church
of Christ
1263 N.W.67th Street
ri r I R r .I .

O uroer or oervires
aSnday Mornmiul am
Sunday School 101 m
Sunday rnigq i p m
o,, Lcaellence 1 30 p m
Tue B.bla (lss 130 p m
SThurs Fellowlhp 10 o n

Antioch Missionary Baptist
Church of Brownsville
2799 N.W. 46th Street

i -.. .. Order of Services
S(h tra/S1d S(hod 8 30 a, a
I K. sdOWBOipSpnIm(ea0 Im
i O lH ai P'Mirmloon Dir P iie
1? p Ipm

First Baptist Missionary
Baptist Church of Brownsville
4600 N.W. 23rd Avenue

Order of Services
,ud 130 10 im
ithurudy .Ipm 1be
'Iudl P ilri wmng 81 U
Baes~sm lhuI beFlo
lr5 unlI pm

Church of Christ

S Order of Services
Lad Da %ri'de)n i hool 9 ilom
$uadj Mrmg w.hv I1 a m
Sunday M iMen le Sldry p m
Surdo, Ladr BN.e Study i p m
.riaUr, Ei.rilq Wo.irp b pm

Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church
15250 N.W. 22nd Avenue

Order of Services
SLINDAY Woarlp Sam
Sn'Mcm rpq 10 ai
rhulir hool 830 am
FIeding Mi,.:wrr l In n
ibleB Sud)l Ipm





in our




Karen Fronklin

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Rev. Michael D. Screen

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Bisho Jame DeanAdam

Rev. asto Smih, Snior asto/Teaher

i '777777777 "'- -

V:str Re.iCrl .J,,h.s,,.

Min. Rbert HltBOE


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- - -- -



Y 2-8. 2011

-W jW.&
,,.: .rL 2. : ::;, [i :, `', : /.

HARRY JOHNSON, 66, retired
corrections offi-
cer at Highlands
Sheriff Depart-
ment, died i "
January 31, in '.
Avon Park, FL.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday in cha- I:

JOHNSON, 51, died January 30
at Aventura Hospital. Service Sat-
urday at Northwest Baptist Church.

CHARILUS JOSEPH, 85, reitred
roofer, died January 27. Service
Saturday at Emmanuel Baptist

HERNG TSAI, 52, homemaker,
died January 25, service was held.

Hadley Davis
OLLIE HOLLAND, 91, house-
wife, died
January 26 at
Treasure Isle
Nursing Home.
Service 12 p.m.,
Friday at Shady
Grove Mis-
sionary Baptist

housewife, died
January 30 at
Jackson North.
Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday Great-
erBethel A.M.E.

GARNEY SEA, 90, died Janu-
ary 31 at Miami
Jewish Home
for The Aged.
re incomplete .

retired regis-

died January 28 a h
at home. Sur-
vivors include: .
three sons, Mi-e 1 m. -
chael (Gloria)
Duncan, Steve
(Jean) Duncan,
Gressey (Sharon) Bryant; four
grandchildren and three great-
grandchildren and a host of family
and friends. Service 11 a.m., Fri-
day at Ebenezer United Methodist

Wright and Yo
ary 28 at Jack-
son Memorial
Hospital. Service
11 a.m., Satur-
day at St. Mat-
thews Freewill ,
Baptist Church.

RONNIE JONES, 54, cook, died
January 26 at
Hialeah Hos-
pital. Service
12 p.m., Satur-
day at St. Luke
Cousin A.M.E.

51, laborer, died
January 25 at
The University
of Miami Hos-
pital. Service 4
p.m., Wednes-
day at St. Luke
Cousin A.M.E.

MARC PASCAL, 21, student,
died January 21 at Jackson Memo-
rial Hospital. Service 11 a.m., Sat-
urday at Antioch Baptist Church.

LEDGE, 28, laborer, died January
21 at West Park. Service'was held.

MARVIN J. SCOTT, 70, chef,
died January 29 at home. Service
11 a.m., Friday at St. Luke Cousin
A.M.E. Church.

Hall Ferguson Hewitt
tired LPN, died
January 30 at I"
University Miami
Medical Cen- .
ter. Service 10 i
a.m., Monday at
Friendship Mis-
sionary Baptist

OLA MAE SMITH, 60, busi-
ness owner of
A-Betta Dry
Cleaning Laun-
dry, Inc., died
January 31 at
home. Survivors
include: mother,
Mary Brown;
daughter, Avis
McFord; son, Vincent Davis. Wake
6 p.m., Friday at 15601 NW 28
Place. Service 10 a.m., Saturday
at Mt. Calvary Missionary Baptist

CLARA MARTIN, 85, house-
keeper, died

Kindred Hos-
pital. Service
noon, Saturday
at Liberty Fel-
lowship Church
of God.

IE," 87, retired dietician, died Janu-
ary 27 at home. Viewing 5 p.m.-un-

til, Friday at 627 NW 8th St. Service
12 P.M., Saturday at Peaceful Zion
M.B. Church.
)ung KING DAVID MILTON, 76, re-
died Janu- tired Miami Herald custodian,
died January 29 at Select Spe-
cialty. Survivors include: sisters,
Dorothy (RC) Holmes, Lizzie (Leo)
Speights; brothers, Roy, Willie and
SSamuel Milton. Final rites and buri-
Sal in Marianna, Florida.

E.A. Stevens

January 29 at
Jackson Memo-
Royal rial. Survivors
FRANK T. RIVERS, 86, retired include: Chil-
educator MDCS dren, Ivan Her-
and staff sar- ise, Shonteaka
gent in The Moore, Johnnie '-
United States Moore, Sharah
Army, died Herise and
January 27 at Christopher Herise; grandchildren,
Hospice North Dadon Isaiah Jean Baptiste and
Shore Medical Ezekiel Kingson Hilaire; and sib-
Center. Viewing lings, Christina, Joseph, John and
Wednesday. Final rites and burial Anabelle Herise. Viewing 5-8 p.m.,
in Waldo, FL. Friday. Service 2:30 p.m., Satur-
day in the chapel, 315 West Pem-
broke Road, Hallandale Beach,

STANLEY V. SMITH, 51, com-
died January
26. Service 10
a.m., Saturday
at First Baptist
Missionary Bap-
tist Church of

RALPH E. CLARK, 64, died Jan-
uary 25 at Lincoln Manor Assisted
Living Facility. Service 11 a.m.,
Saturday at Central Baptist Church
West Park, FL.

Honor Your
Loved One With an
In Memoriam In
The Miami Times

driver, died
January 24 at
home. Service
1 p.m., Satur-
day at Greater

sionary Baptist

LORNA MALCOLM, 59, busi-
ness administration, died January
24 at Pembroke Memorial Hospital.
Service was held.

Eric Brown and Sons
community ac-
tivist and for-
mer member of
C.F.M.B.C. of
Miami, where
Rev. Charles E.
Coleman is pas-
tor, died Janu-
ary 19 in Live
Oak. Cherished survivors include:
daughters, Velissia and Belinda;
son, Johnny; and nine grandchil-
dren. Services were held in Live
Oak, Florida. The funeral home
number 386-792-1711.

Death Notice

"MRS. LUCILLE," 85, retired
food service worker, died Janu-
ary 28 at Hialeah Hospital. She
is survived by daughters, La-
thelia C. Anglin and Maria V.
Rock; sons, James and Marlon;
11 grandchildren; five great
grandchildren and host of other
relatives and friends.
Service 2 p.m., Saturday at
First Baptist Church of Browns-
ville. Arrangements entrusted
to Mitchell Funeral Home.

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,

02/02/1927 07/07/2009

Happy Birthday from your
loving family.

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,

02/03/48 10/06/07

I am truly blessed to have
you as my wife.
We miss you.
Lawrence and Tiffany Taylor

Lead singer of the Marvelettes, is dead

By Bruce Weber

Gladys Horton, who gathered
some of her high school friends
into a singing group that be-
came the Marvelettes and then
sang lead vocals on "Please
Mr. Postman," which became
Motown Records' first No. 1
hit, died recently in Sherman
Oaks, Calif.
Her son Vaughn Thornton
said in an interview that her

The group that gave
Motown Records its first
No. 1 hit, 'Please Mr.

health had been in decline for
several years. In a statement
released by the Los Angeles
chapter of the Motown Alumni
Association (an independent
group not associated with Mo-
town Records, which is now an
affiliate of Universal Music), he
said she had not recovered af-
ter suffering a stroke.
Horton was in her mid-60s,
but her precise age was uncer-
tain. The statement said she
was born in 1944, but Thorn-
ton gave his mother's birthday
as May 30, 1945, making her
65 at her death.
Horton was in a high school
glee club in Inkster, Mich.,
outside Detroit, when she
recruited three of her class-
mates Katherine Anderson
(now Schaffner), Georgeanna
Tillman and Juanita Cowart
- as well as a friend who had
recently graduated, Georgia
Dobbins, and formed a quin-
tet. They called themselves the
Casinyets a contraction of
the words "can't sing yet," an
acknowledgment of their lack
of experience.
Competing in a talent contest
whose winners were to receive
an audition for Motown, they

Happy Birthday

In loving memory of,


Thinking of you on your
birthday we talk of you still, we
haven't forgotten you and we
never will.
Love Always, your mother,
Dorothy; your brother, Andre;
your daughters, Yasmin, Tori
and Morganne; and many more
family and friends.

In Memoriam

In loving memory of,
- I

02/14/1957 01/13/2011

We will always love you.
We won't forget you.
You're flying high and looking
after us down here.
My heart is yours, Carmen,
Chanaay and the rest of the
Thomas family.

Pictured 1964: Wanda Young, Gladys Horton and Georgean-
na Tillman.

didn't win, but got the audition
anyway. Motown executives,
including Berry Gordy Jr., the
label's founder, were impressed
but said they needed to come
up with original material. A
friend of Dobbins, William Gar-
rett, had just written a blues
song, and with his permis-
sion Dobbins rewrote the song,
about a girl aching for mail from
her far-away boyfriend, casting
it in a pop vein, though she kept
the title, "Please Mr. Postman."
After Dobbins left the group
because her mother was ill and
her father wanted her at home,
she was replaced by Wanda
Young, another graduate of the
same high 'school in Inkster,
leaving Horton to sing the lead
vocals, including the memora-
ble line "De-liver de let-ter, de
sooner de bet-ter."
On Dec. 11, 1961, after three
months on the Billboard Hot
100 chart, "Please Mr. Post-
man" reached No. 1. The song
would later be recorded by the
Beatles and, in 1975, the Car-
penters, for whom it was also
a No. 1 hit.
Smokey Robinson wrote sev-
eral songs for the Marvelettes,
who went through a number
of personnel changes be-
coming a quartet and later a
trio before disbanding in
the late 1960s or early 1970s.
Horton stayed with the group
until 1967, when she became

pregnant with her first child.
She sang on a number of hit
recordings, including "Play-
boy," "Beechwood 4-5789"
and Robinson's tunes "Don't
Mess -With Bill" and "The
Hunter Gets Captured by the
Precise information about
Horton's early life was not
available. Most biographi-
cal sources say she was born
in Detroit or in Inkster, but
Thornton said she was born
in Gainesville, Fla. By the time
she was nine months old, her
son said, she was an orphan
and consigned to foster care,
growing up mostly in different
towns in Michigan. Her full
name was Gladys Catherine
Horton. She was married once
and divorced, and had three
sons. Besides Thornton, one
other son, Sammy Coleman,
survives her, along with two
The origin of the Marvelettes
is variously recounted in mu-
sic encyclopedias and other
sources, and they usually de-
scribe Horton as a co-founder
of the group. But in an inter-
view recently, Schaffner, one
of the original Marvelettes,
gave her full credit.
"We only started singing to-
gether because Gladys asked
us," she recalled. "Usually
we'd go to Georgeanna's house
and play canasta."

Just follow these three easy steps

For 88 years as a community service, The Miami Times has
paid tribute to deceased members of the community by
publishing all funeral home obituaries free of charge. That
remains our policy today. We will continue to make the pro-
cess an easy one and extend this service to any and all
families that wish to place an obituary in The Miami Times.

1) Obituaries follow a simple format and must be, in our
office no later than 2:30 p.m. on Monday. All of this is free.

2) Like most publications, obituaries can be tailored to
meet your specific needs, including photographs, a listing
of survivors and extensive family information, all for ad-
ditional charges.

3) In order to make sure your information is posted correct-
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For additional questions or concerns, please call us at 305-
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The Miami Times




S....T. Lance Forrest's film is

EY V R!I ~a unique call to action

Epidemic Chronicles shatters notions
related to HIV/AIDS
v By D. Kevin McNeir
Sm c kmcneir@miamitimesonline.com



By D. Kevin McNeir

If you have ever wondered why specially-
designed hats in all their multi-colored splen-
dor have become such a permanent fixture in
the Black Church, then you need to check out
the gospel musical Crowns which opens on
Wednesday, Feb. 2nd at the Adrienne Arsht
Center for the Performing Arts.
The play marks the season opener for The
M Ensemble Company, South Florida's oldest
Black theater company, who is teaming up
with the Arsht to bring this show to the stage
and runs through Sunday, Feb. 6th. M Ensem-
ble was founded in 1971 by the late T.G. Coo-
per on the campus.of the University of Miami
and has become one of the premier cultural
arts institutions in Miami-Dade County.

Crowns is directed by.Miami veteran John
Pryor while another local star known for his
prowess as a jazz percussionist, Howard Moss,
serves as the musical director. The trifecta of
local talent is completed with choreographer
Joshua Eason who continues to gain greater
recognition for his outstanding talents.
Among the cast members are international
jazz vocalist Paulette Dozier, Tony Award-win-
ning Broadway star Melba Moore and a host of
other veteran vocalists-actors Moore, 65. cat-
apulted to international fame with her perfor-
mance in the original staging of Hair in 1967,
then followed with her portrayal of Lutiebelle
in Purlie for which she won the 1970 Tony for
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a
Crowns explores Black history and identity
Please turn to CROWNS 2C

As the nation prepares to pause to reflect on the impact that
H IV/AIDS-continues to have on the Black community as we ob-
serve the annual Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day next Monday,
Feb. 7th, a new film is making its away around the U.S. that con-
fronts the pandemic head-on.
Epidemic Chronicles: "No One is Exempt," is available on DVD and
written and directed by Atlanta resident Lance Forrest. As he tours
the country for screenings of the film, he is a taking a grassroots
approach engaging Black audiences as to the serious nature of
the HIV/AIDS virus and what we can do to protect ourselves and
7 those we love.
"The awareness and urgency of a film such as this is key in
these times," Forrest said. "We need an innovative approach
along with action to end this epidemic. So far I feel like the
movie is reaching people in ways they might least expect. The
point is to facilitate dialogue about HIV/AIDS and to help adults
S understand how and why the infection rate among Blacks con-
S tinues to rise. The movie is about the transmission of the virus
z but even more it focuses on the relationships that people have
Between one another. HIV is the end result but there's so much
more to it than just that."
""! Forrest, began writing the screenplay nine years ago and pro-
duced the film under his own company's label, Forever Standing
Entertainment, which he founded based on the premise that
you should never let your dreams and passion die."
The multi-talented, 40-something personal trainer and
actor, has earned fans and notoriety for his appearance on
." billboards and magazine covers for a number of years. But
, .^. he says that today his professional goal has switched to di-
S"People often think of models as being cute folks who have
nothing to say; I'm here to break that stereotype and show
that my creative skills are what really make me who I am,"
'4Ail he said.
The movie revolves around five men: a single father, person-
al trainer, engineer, college student and hustler. Each lives in
a different city and leads very different lives. But they all have
one thing in common: they have become infected with the HIV
virus from the same man. The film stars Stu James, Michael
Mario Good, Edger McMoore, Shar'ron Cain and Gordon Dan-
Forrest continues to work on other related projects and says
that both a television series and a reality show may develop as a
result of the Chronicles. He is also considering a sequel.
Go to www.epidemicchronicles.com for more information.





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By Tonya Pendleton

Jazmne Sullivan kes

break' from music biz

By Jawn Murray
R&B singer Jazmine Sullivan started the
New Year off by announcing to fans she is
"taking a break from music."
On Sunday, Jan. 2, the eight-time Grammy
nominee posted a series of Twitter messages
revealing to her more than 90,000 followers
that she intends to take an indefinite hiatus
from music industry.
Her unedited Twitter posts read: "i'm mak-
ing an official announcement that i am tak-
ing a break from music. i'mtrying to figure
out who i am... w/out a mike, paper or pen. i
promised myself when it wasn't fun anymore
i wouldn't do it. and here i am."
The Philadelphia-bred vocalist confessed
the "break" wasn't a permanent one and
thanked her fans for supporting her.
"I love u all and appreciate u soooooo much.
u have no idea how much u've inspired me
and fed my ego. but the truth is that i have
to believe in me whether you all do or not.
and that's what i'm looking for. that belief in
myself. me. I. i love us. thanks for being here
Please turn to JAZMINE 6C


The young-
est musical
signee to
Jay-Z' Roc
Nation, Wil- -L
low Smith
has some pretty sig-
nificant backers: Her
label boss and her mom
and dad, Jada and Will
Smith. It looks like the
nine-year-old has some
pretty amazing skills
too her "Whip My
Hair" was both catchy
and age-appropriate. A
full CD is in the works,
so can Willow make the
stretch from a hot single
to a hot CD? We'll see.

She has
only four film
credits thus
far, but folks
are already
calling her
"the next Angela Bas-
sett." Nicole Beharie is
best known so far as the
star of 2008's "Ameri-
can Velvet," where she
lit up the screen in her
debut performance. The
Juilliard grad is now on
Broadway with Jeffrey
Wright and Mos Def in
"A Free Man of Color,"
and Beharie is also star-
ring in the indie film
"My Last Day Without
You," due out this year.

After a fairly
inactive 2010,
Beyonce is on
the release
schedule for
2011, though we don't
know when. You can fig-
ure that whatever B does,
she'll do it big given that
she's got the lead lane in
the R&B female super-
star singer sweepstakes
thus far. No leaked music
or announcements just
yet, but trust that Mrs.
Carter will be on point to
shake things up in 2011.

Please turn to STARS 6C



Rev. Dr. Kyla A. Manns,
Founder of The Triumphant
Church of Jesus Christ
reminisced on her late mother,
Shirley Bradshaham, as
she was the officiant for the
unification in Holy Matrimony
between Brithney Michelle
Rolle and LaGuardia Ulrrichio
The bridal party consisted of
Maxine Rolle, mother of the
bride; Michael S. Mitchell,
Sr., father of the groom;
Gwendolyn H. Mitchell,
mother of the groom; Michael
S. Mitchell, Jr. and Fabian
Dante Mitchell, brothers of
the groom; Sharon Farrington-
Smith, aunt of the bride and
matron of honor; Montez
Rolle, cousin and maid of
Also, bridesmaids Ariel
Gabriella Mitchell, sister of
the groom; Gaildresha Adams-
Mitchell, sister-in-law of the
groom; Nakeisha K. Mitchell,
cousin of the groom and Shena
Lavaciette Mitchell, sister of
the groom; groomsmen Ryan
Graham, cousin of the groom;
Terry Loatt, friend of the
groom; Eric Smith, cousin of
the bride; and Jason Smith,
cousin of the groom.
king bearers Omar Glinton,
cousin of the bride; LaVahrius
Urrichio Mitchell, son of
the married couple; flower

A . I

girls Martaya
Glinton, cousin
of the bride;
Jamiah Wilson,
god-sister of

the groom and
Jahzaria William, cousin of
the bride.
Givers of the bride were
Dominicko Rolle and Jason
Rolle, brothers of the bride;
Alfred Rolle, father of the
bride; ushers Tammy
C. Jenkins, aunt of the
groom and Meltheo
Wells, cousin of the
Thank you is
extended out to: Kim
Mitchell Graham,
wedding planner and
aunt of the groom;, PHILLI
Alicia McIntosh,
invitations and aunt of
the bride; photographer Eric
Smith, Sr., uncle of the bride;
music by Matthew Williams,
uncle of the bride and special
thanks to Thelma J. Stroman,
grandmother of the groom;
Leta M. Stroman and loving
memory to Kenneth and
Cleomie Farrington, maternal

Rocket Pride has produced
some household names such
as Coach Telly Lockette,
Devonta Freeman, running
back; Rakeem Cato,

quarterback and Dwight
Jackson, defensive back. It was
also resulted in an Appreciation
Parade for the Miami Central
football team winning the 6A
State Championship over Dr.
Phillips High in Orlando, 42-
27 and Freeman rushing
for 2,208 yards and 26
Credit goes out to William
"DC" Clark, alumni president
and staff at the school for
putting the parade together,
along with Frank Gibson, class
of 1987, who is a vendor on the
corner and supporter, as well
as the owners of Rocket Grill
and Wings, Chris Tires
and BAWA Grocery.
Some of the fans that
came early to stand
behind the barricades
were: Kenny Hayes,
David Wiggins, Calvin
Taylor, John Barker,
Cynthia Jackson,
S Oscar Dailey, Ernest
P olite, Alice Bennet,
Kim Polite, Eugene
Clevar, Ashely and Victor
Lopez, Edward McMillian,
Harry McMillian, Roderick
McGee and Barbara Wims.
The appreciation parade
for the team included: the
ROTC, Alberto M. Carvalho,
superintendent of Miami-Dade
County Schools; Wilbert T.
Holloway, B.M. McMatel,
director of Parkway Middle
Marching Band, Coach Bell and
the Arcola Lakes Steppers, Hot
105 FM, Girls Volleyball Team,
Cheerleaders, Ladies Track
Team, Hadley-Davis Funeral

Home, Key Club, Wynnwood
and Miami Central Marching
The party did not get started
until after the parade when
everyone went to the Mahi
Temple for the benefit dance
sponsored by the Alumni
Association. The proceeds will
go to purchase rings for each
player, as well other sports
items. If you are interested in
donating, call the school at
305-696-4161 and ask for the
activities department.
Some who attended the
dance were: Barbara Williams
Johnson, Tony Wells, Priscilla
F. Smith, Linda Seabrooks,
and Robin Moncur.
Last Saturday, members
of The Church of the Open
Door recognized Deacon
Hosea Butler, Jr. and Nelson
Jenkins for their uncanny
ability of raising money for the
banquet hall being used by the
Bonnie North's soprano
voice filled the chapel with "I
Know Who Holds Tomorrow,"
and Rev. Dr. R. Joaquin Willis
spoke on "Called to Work
After the .service, the
congregation was invited to
go to the banquet hall for the
planned dedication with huge
pictures of the two honorees .
After the dedication, a host
of dignitaries paid tribute
including Dr. Astrid Mack,
Deacon Lorraine Vaught, Dr.
Willis, Milton Vickers and
Denise Kelly Johnson.

In attendance was: Dollie
Butler, Kearn M. Jenkins,
Loria Jenkins, Nelson
Jenkins II, Priscilla Beatty,
Kevin Clenance, Brenda
Wilson, Juanita M. Franklin,
Elizabeth W. Paige, Marteen
Levarity, Rudolph Levarity,
Evelyn Campbell, Carolyn
and Larry Adams, Jacqueline
Clenance, Doristine
Stephens, Alva and James
Maul, Patricia Ford, Karen
Tappin, Vanita Mountain,
Mable and Dr. Brad Brown,
Dory Lingo, Rudolph Levarity,
Keith Levarity, Frank and
Dr. Enid Pinkney, Charlayne
Thompkins, Fifa Jenkins,
Lois Oliver, Eura Randolph,
Caroline and Benny White,
Brittany and Ashley Jordan.

The death of Leander
Eugene Phillips, Jr. came as
a shock to the blue and gold
community, because he was
an outstanding quarterback
for Miami Northwestern and a
coach at Miami Central from
1990 to 1992.
Phillips, better known as
"Jr." was a joyous, respectable
and dependable person.
He attended Liberty City
Elementary, Dorsey High,
Miami Northwestern and
Southern University.
He was also known as
an impeccable dresser, as
well as doing what he do to
perpetrate the Bulls. He was
voted to the Dorsey High Hall
of Fame and spent most of his
time collaborating with the
Dorseyites, especially Marie

"Tree" Ferguson.
He will be missed by his
father, Leander, Sr., mother,
Elizabeth, brother, Keith,
sister Tawana Ingraham,
children: Sonya, Leander, III,
Linda, Christine, Leandra
and Deander Phillips,
grandchildren, nieces,
nephews and fellow Bulls.
T. Eilene Martin-Major,
president and Veronica
Rahming, director of "Men of
Tomorrow of 2011" provided
the young men with the
opportunity to run for office
as a segment of their training.
When it was completed,
Rahming announced the
following: President Khambrel
Dawkins, Vice President
Juwon Dames, Chaplain
Matthew Cire and Recorder
Curtis E. Holland.
The young men were
satisfied with the results, gave
an applause and promise to
,support the newly elected
officers. Lee's photography
took individual pictures for
the souvenir journal and the
young men completed the
night by preparing for the
dance routine.
Speaking of election, the
Singing Angels of Arcola
Lakes elected officers for 2011
and the winners are Tillie
Stibbins, Evelyn Dorsett, Vice
President; Henry Williams,
Treasurer; Syble Johnson,
Secretary; Mamie Home,
Assistant and Ruby Alien,
Chaplain. The organization is
10 years old this year.


Dr. Roland Burr and his
wife Barbara are down from
the Big Apple (New York) and
are headed on a Caribbean
cruise. Dr. Burr and his
lovely wife will soon return
to his native city to take up
residence after many years of
living in N.Y.C. His beloved
mother will also come home
again to see old friends.
Happy birthday wishes to
Altamese Moss-Jarrett who
celebrated her 92nd birthday
with her family (The Moss
clan) last Saturday afternoon.
Her birthday was Jan. 21.
Get well wishes and our
prayers go out to all of you:
Inez McKinney-Johnson,
Demetra Dean Washington,
Dolores Bethel-Reynolds,
Frances Brown, Winston
Scavella, Sue Francis,

Cecil Stanley
Newbold, Naomi
Allen-Adams and -
Alice Johnson.
Wedding anniversary
greeting go out to: Linzy and
Paulette S. Hayes, their 21st
on Jan. 24 and Sandra Barry
and Matthew Williams, II,
their 35th on Jan. 24.
Hearty congratulations
goes out to the following
"Daughters of the King"
who have 50 years or
more of prayer, service
and evangelism: Elouise
Farrington (65 years), Inez
McKinney-Johnson (65
years), Veronica O'Berry
(65 years), Beryl B. Roker
(65 years), Leome Scavella-
Culmer (61 years), Blanche
Evans (57 years), Louise
Cromartie (55 years) and

Pauline Brown McKinney
(55 years). The longest
continuous chapter in the
Southeast Florida Diocese
is the St. Cecelia Chapter
at the Historic Saint Agnes
Episcopal Church.
During the 113th
anniversary of Saint Agnes
Annual Patronal Feast on
Jan. 23, the following people
were honored: Leomie
Scavella-Culmer, Thelma
Anderson-Gibson and Dr.
Solomon Stinson for their
community service. Bravol
For those who are
wondering who Florida's
Lt. Governor Jennifer
Carroll is, first she is wife
of Nolan Carroll, who is the
nephew of Jean Carroll-
Morley and Earl Carroll.
Charles Carroll is Nolan's
father. Charles is now
deceased. Jennifer belongs
to many civic and social
organizations dedicated to
the advancement of Black

Keith David: Things you should know

By Jackie Jones

You know Keith David as
an accomplished actor, best
known for his turns in live
action roles in dozens of
films, including "Dead Presi-
dents," "Barbershop," "Crash"
and "ATL."
But it is his voice that is
probably more familiar to
most Americans. David has
won acclaim for his work as
the narrator of numerous Ken
Burns films, but he also has
voiced Goliath on the Disney
series "Gargoyles," the tor-
tured "Spawn" on the short-
lived cartoon series and a
host of other characters for
the big and small screens.
After many supporting
roles, David is now taking
center stage as a headliner,
playing the circus-gang bank
robber and ringleader Max
Milani in NBC's new one-hour
drama series, "The Cape."
Here are five things you
should know about Keith Da-
1. He needed courage.
The Harlem native said he
knew he would become an ac-
tor after he played the Cow-
ardly Lion in a school pro-
duction of "The Wizard of Oz"
and went on to study at Man-
hattan's School of Perform-
ing Arts. David started his
career onstage, touring the
country in 1980 and '81 with
John Houseman's The Acting
Company in productions of "A
Midsummer Night's Dream"
and Samuel Beckett's "Wait-
ing For Godot," before em-

a M *i

Keith David
barking on a successful film
2. His voice is as omni-
present as air.
David's resonant voice is a
regular feature in our homes,
from being the voice for the
UPS "What can Brown do for
you?" commercials to work in
the early years of the "Justice
League" cartoons and early
"Adult Swim" commercials on
Cartoon Network. If you're a
gamer, though, he's in your
ears constantly as characters
in a string of popular video
games, among them The Ar-
biter in "Halo 2" and "Halo
3;" David Anderson in "Mass
Effect" and "Mass Effect 2;"
the Decepticon Barricade in
"Transformers: The Game;"
Julius Little in "Saints Row"
and "Saints Row 2" and Sgt.
Foley in "Call of Duty: Mod-
ern Warfare 2."
3. He's no stranger to the

awards podium.
In 1992, David received a
Tony Award nomination for
Best Supporting Actor in a
Musical for his role in the
Broadway play, "Jelly's Last
Jam." He has won Emmy
Awards for his skillful nar-
ration: In 2005 for "Unforgiv-
able Blackness: The Rise and
Fall of Jack Johnson" and in
2008 for "The War," both on
4. He's got songs in his
Although portrayed by oth-
er actors on Broadway, David
played Mufasa in the work-
shop of "The Lion King." He
has also been featured on
several music projects by rap-
per/producer Ice Cube, pro-
viding his gravelly voice skills
on intros.
5. He's always known his
"I came out singing. The doc-
tor slapped me on the head,
and I started singing," said
David in an interview. "Actu-
ally, I wanted to be an actor
when I was two-years-old. My
whole life, I always wanted
to be an actor. Of course, I
was sort of a TV junkie, too.
I loved old movies as a kid, so
I always watched old movies.
And you know TV programs
... when I watched "Topper," I
wanted to be a bank president;
when I watched Donna Reed, I
wanted to be a pediatrician...
I also, for a long period and
it still comes up every once in
a while I used to want to be
a minister. But I figured, now
I can do all that"

people. She has been married
for 27 years. She is also a
member of Alpha Kappa
Alpha Sorority and a lifelong
member of the NAACP. She
says that she was taught
to always be a lady, respect
yourself, be kind and
respectful to others. She
says that her father taught
her to do the right thing, but
don't try to please everybody.
Congratulations Lieutenant

Perfect show for Black History Month

continued from 1C

as seen through the eyes of a
young Black woman who travels
South to stay with her grand-
mother after her brother is killed
in New York City. As she inter-
acts with the women of her town,
their hats in all their exquisite
variety tell tales of cultural sig-
nificance and individual identi-
ties. Lively speeches, songs and

dramatic action shape this com-
pelling story written by Regina
Taylor of one woman's journey
and her discovery of a commu-
nity's sacred history.
From rap and gospel to en-
tertaining styles of dance, this
first production for Black His-
tory Month 2011 promises to be
one that will be talked about for
years to come. For more infor-
mation go to www.arshtcenter.






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First lady Michelle Obama looked serious yet chic in a pale-gray three-quarter-sleeve
dress by Rachel Roy for her husband's third State of the Union speech a perfect and
perfectly appropriate choice at a somber time.
A stack of clear metallic bangles on her wrist accented the light, metallic hue of her
She completed her accessories with a pair of drop earrings for an overall look that was
sophisticated and set her apart from the dark suits and women such as House Minor-
ity Leader Nancy Pelosi wearing predictable red power suits.
The first lady also accessorized the neckline of her streamlined dress with a small
black-and-white bow pin, signifying commitment to a nonviolent society.
Obama sat during her husband's annual presidential address to Congress beside
John, Roxanna and Dallas Green, parents and brother of nine-year-old Christina
Taylor Green, who died during the recent attack on Rep. Gabrielle Giffords in Tuc-
son, Ariz. /
The first lady's look was a light departure from the raisin-toned Isaac Mizrahi
bubble dress she wore for President Obama's 2010 address to Congress.
The president, meanwhile, wore a blue suit and purple tie, a sartorial choice
CNN pundits noted was a departure from his normal State of the Union red.
Red is a color that has recently caused minor controversy for the first lady:
Oscar de la Renta objected to Michelle Obama's decision to wear a red Alex- j
ander McQueen dress to the recent State Dinner for China's President Hu.
The gown seemed typical of Mrs. Obama's atypical first-lady fashion sense:
The gown featured an asymmetrical neckline and a petal-print silk organza
fabric, and she wore a narrow wrap around her arms as she posed for photos
in front of the White House.
The Alexander McQueen label is one of the most respected in style circles.
McQueen committed suicide a year ago, but the brand has continued under
the stewardship of his former assistant Sarah Burton, who, like McQueen,
is a Londoner who shows her collections in Paris.
"This dress is very glamorous," said Kate Betts, author of the new book
"Everyday Icon: Michelle Obama and the Power of Style."
Red is an obvious color because in the Chinese color it means good luck, ..
but you expect an American or an American-based designer for an occa-
sion like this," said Betts. also a contributing editor at Time magazine.
"But she s always surprising, and that's why we're all riveted by her." Michelle

Jackson Memorial
Health System Retiree's
President Sadie L. Jones is
asking all retiree s to come
and join her and the many
others who have retired to
their monthly meeting and
Brunch on Fnday, Feb. 4, to
continue their calendar ef-
forts for their charity sup-
port to Jackson Memonal.
For more info. contact
SSadie Jones at 305-332-
,- 9185.

0 Booker T. Wash-
ington's 1962 Alumni
Class will meet on Sat-
urday, Feb. 5 at 4 p.m.
at the African Heritage
Cultural Center, 6161
NW 22nd Ave. Con-
Stact Helen Tharpes
Boneparte at 305-
691-1333 or Lonzie
Nichols 305-835-
6588 for additional

E To begin Black
History Month, their
will be a pouring of
libations which will
include drumming,
dancing, singing and
poetry at the Torch
of Friendship, 401
SBiscayne Blvd. on
Feb. 6 at 2 p.m. For
more information,
call Queen Mother
Boatenmaa at 786-

SI AM, Inc. is hosting
a free African Caribbean
Dance Experience on Feb.
8 from 6-8 p.m. at the Af-
rican American Research

will be hosting a Financial
Aid Workshop on Wednes-
day, Feb. 9 from 6-9 p.m. in
the C\P Business Computer

SThe Beautiful Gate Can-
cer Support and Resource
Center presents "A Gateway
for African Amencan Wom-
en," and are calling all men
to attend our special breast
cancer support group meet-
ing on Feb. 10 from 6-8 p m.
at the City of Hallandale/
Austin Hepburn Center, 750
NW 8th Avenue, Hallandale
Beach, FL 33009. For more
info and to RSVP, call 305-

South Florida Urban
Ministries program ASSETS
will be hosting free Busi-
ness Training classes on ev-
ery Thursday starting Feb.
17 for 10 weeks from 6:30-
8:30 p.m. at the United Way
Center for Pinancial Stabil-
ity, 11500 NW 12th Avenue.
For more info, call 305-442-

Booker T. Washington
Class of 1965 will meet for
elections on Saturday, Feb.
19 at 4:30 p.m. at the African
Heritage Cultural Arts Cen-
ter. All members are asked to
please be present.

The Liberty City Farm-
ers' Market will be held on
Thursday from 12-6 p.m.
during the months of De-
cember 2010 to April 2011 at
Tacolcy Park, 6161 NW 9th

Library and Cultural Cen- W Women in Transition of
ter, 2650 NW Sistrunk South Florida is offering free
Blvd. in Fort Lauder- Basic Computer Classes to
S dale. For directions, women ages 16 and up. Reg-
call 954-625-2800. istration is open, but class
Size is limited. Call 305-757-
Obama's dress at the State U Miami North- 0715 for more information.
Everyone totally loved it. western Senior High Please turn to HAPPENINGS 6C




-Associated Press
Jude CWlestin, the presidential candidate for Haiti's ruling
party may have to pull out of the race after the party an-
nounced it will no longer support his candidacy.


-European Pressphoto Agency
Mirlande Manigat, above, would likely face Michel Martelly
in a runoff if Jude Celestin agrees to withdraw.

-European Pressphoto Agency
Haiti presidential candidate Michel Martelly.

candidate is cut

Ruling party pulls support amid international pressure

By Ingrid Arnesen
and Jose De COrdoba

ruling party pulled its support
of its presidential candidate
recently after weeks of intense
international pressure, rais-
ing hopes for a solution to a
political standoff from last No-
vember's contested presidential
There was no sign the can-

didate himself, Jude C61estin, coalition party delivered to Ra-
was going along with the Inite dio M6tropole in the Haitian

party decision. But analysts
said the candidate won't be able
to hold out for long without his
own party's support.
"Even if we're certain that
Jude Celestin obtained the
quantity of votes necessary
to go the second round, Inite
agrees to withdraw itself from
the presidential candidacy,"
said a statement of the ruling

.Haiti has been trapped in
-a political quagmire follow-
ing the chaotic first round of
presidential elections held on
November 28th, which placed
C61estin, 48, in second place,
behind Mirlande Manigat, 70,
the widow of a former presi-
dent and a law professor. But
supporters of crooner Michel

Martelly, 49, claimed the sing-
er had outpolled Celestin for
second place and took to the
streets in protest. The top two
finishers are slated to meet in
a run-off.
An election mission from
the Organization of American
States found widespread ir-
regularities and recommend-
ed that C61estin be dropped
in favor of Martelly for a run-
off. In recent weeks, President

Ren6 Pr6val has been under
pressure from the U.S., the
United Nations and other for-
eign donors to accept the OAS
The electoral dispute has
jeopardized billions ,of dollars
in reconstruction aid pledged
by the international com-
munity to Haiti. The poorest
country in the'western hemi-
sphere, Haiti has been strug-
gling to recover from a devas-
tating earthquake that killed
more than 230,000 a year ago.
The Inite party statement

said the pressure and threats
from the international commu-
nity had left it witl1 little choice
but to back down.
According to Haitian elector-
al regulations, it's up to C61es-
tin to withdraw his candidacy,
so the electoral dispute could
drag on for days and perhaps
weeks. Haiti's electoral com-
mission has until the'end of the
month to rule on which candi-
dates can advance to the sec-
ond round of elections, which
were originally scheduled to
take place on January 16th.

A Cholera outbreak
originating in the Central Mich. woman and other
Artibonite region of Haiti groups aim to help Haiti

By Ben Fox
Associated Press

SAINT-MARC, Haiti .The
cholera epidemic that has raged
across this country is claim-
ing fewer victims, with a sharp
drop in new cases everywhere
from the shimmering rice fields
of the Artibonite Valley to the
crowded urban slums.
It is a welcome development,
but tinged with doubt: It's not
yet known whether the epidem-
ic that has killed nearly 4,000
people is fading or merely tak-
ing a break, only to surge again
perhaps with the onset of the
next rainy season.
"The general situation is
improving. It's clear," Stefano
Zannini, chief of mission for
the aid group Doctors Without
Borders, said recently. "The
problem is that the possible
development of the epidemic is
unpredictable. It is impossible

SI has almost 4,000 people
and affected over 2,500
V.. in the region. Patients
with Cholera lie on cots
in the courtyard of the
overcrowded L'Hopital
St. Nicholas in St. Marc,
the center of the Cholera
Epidemic, where Medecins
A.- Sans Frontiere and Cuban
doctors are treating those

-, infected.

-Photo MINUSTAH/Sophia Paris

Cholera takes a breather

of what it was in December and
there hasn't been a death in six
weeks, said field coordinator
Oscar Sanchez Rey.
"Is this the end? Nobody re-
ally knows, but the situation is
better," Sanchez said as he took
a break from treating patients,
including a family of six that all
came down with the disease to-
gether. He cautioned that even
though fewer people are getting
sick, the center's work is still
critical: "If no one is treating
patients, they are going to die,
because it's a lethal disease."
Lilane Estime, 42, tried to
sleep on a wood bench as doc-
tors attended to three of her
children. She said all four had
piled onto a motorcycle taxi and
traveled an hour along a dusty
coastal road to reach the clinic.
Seemingly healthy, she said she
could feel cholera inside her,
though she hadn't gotten sick

to say whether the situation will
continue stabilizing."
Any progress on controlling
disease would be rare bit of
good news for Haiti, which is
passing through a particularly
gloomy period. The country is
on edge amid a political crisis
over a disputed presidential
election, and could see more
of the violent protests that
paralyzed cities and hampered
cholera treatment in December.
Meanwhile hundreds of thou-
sands are still homeless from
last year's earthquake, and a
much-reviled former dictator
suddenly returned and took up
residence in the last week.
Zannini, whose group is con-
templating scaling back its more
than 40 cholera treatment cen-
ters, was unable to muster even
cautious optimism regarding
the disease. The best he could
say was that he was happy new
cases and deaths are decreas-

ing to levels not seen since soon
after the disease emerged in Oc-
"I would not be optimistic,"
he said in an interview with The
Associated Press at his Port-au-
Prince office.
For the moment, at least,
the statistics are moving in
the right direction. The num-
ber of new cases has dropped
to about 4,700 per week, down
from more than 12,000 per
week in November, and the
trend is downward in all 10 of
Haiti's departments, or regions,
according to the Health Min-
istry's latest bulletin, released
last Thursday. The only places
it appears to be still rising are
in a few isolated spots in the
northwest and south.
Some 40 patients a day are
still coming to the Doctors With-
out Borders treatment center in
Saint Marc, where the disease
first exploded, but that's a third

By Kathleen Lavey
Associated Press

LANSING, Mich. (AP) Although she spends most of the
year in Haiti, Dorothy Frederickson missed the earthquake
last Jan. 12 because she was in Lansing for knee surgery.
But she didn't miss the earthquake's devastation.
A year after the 7.0-magnitude earthquake rocked the capi-
tal city of Port-au-Prince, killing an estimated 230,000, flat-
tening buildings and buckling roads, people in Haiti still are
suffering its effects.
Frederickson, who works in Cap-Haitien bn Haiti's northern
edge, visited Port-au-Prince in November.
"It was terrible," she said. "You just can't imagine how
many of these camps there are with tents, and maybe five
toilets for hundreds of people, and no water."
Cap-Haitien, about 85 miles north of Port-au-Prince, has
seen its population bulge with refugees from Port-au-Prince,
including dozens of orphans.
Frederickson, 71, anda former Ingham County commis-
sioner, admits it's daunting. But she is devoted to remaining
in Haiti and trying to make a difference, collecting money,
clothing and other items through her organization, Soaring
Unlimited. Her goal in Cap-Haitien is community development.
Her group is not the only mid-Michigan effort to give Hai-
tians a hand.
Lansing for Haiti,. a coalition of mid-Michigan churches, is
partnering with 10 Haitian congregations to help create jobs
in a poor Port-au-Prince neighborhood known as Cite Soleil.
And a joint team from Michigan State University and Sparrow
Health System plans a return trip to Cap-Haitien hopefully
within weeks to help boost public health in a nation where
tropical diseases proliferate and clean drinking water and sew-
age systems were lacking even before the quake.
"The only medical school in Port-au-Prince has been de-
molished. The only nursing school in Port-au-Prince has been
demolished. Basically, there are no public health measures
in Haiti, period," said Reza Nassiri, a pharmacology professor
and director of the Institute of International Health at MSU.
"The Haitian physicians and nurses are very knowledge-
able. It's just that they don't have advanced technology," he
Nassiri plans to make his third trip to Haiti soon, with the
MSU-Sparrow team. Last March, the MSU-Sparrow group vis-
ited hospitals, clinics and health facilities in Port-au-Prince.
Nassiri also visited Cap-Haitien to meet with the city's hos-
pital director, the health director for northern Haiti and with
"'What she is doing is fantastic, providing medical care, food,
clothes, shelter, especially to those who are needy and or-
phans," he said.
The MSU-Sparrow team had hoped to return to Haiti in
January, but are awaiting security clearance that could delay
the trip into February or March.
-One of the things it plans to provide for Justinian Hospital
in Cap-Haitien: A generator for the surgical suite. It will be
bought with money raised by MSU's Caribbean Student As-
sociation, which raised more than $10,000 last year to split
between the Red Cross and the MSU-Sparrow team.


in Haiti, but could

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Sundance film fest adds documentary premieres

They're for show,

not competition

By Claudia Puig
Anthony Breznican

The Sundance Film Festival
is putting new emphasis on
documentaries this year, add-
ing a non-competitive premiere
section to showcase works by
veteran filmmakers.
The subjects of these docu-
mentaries and others at the
festival, which started recently
in Park City, Utah, range from
Ronald Reagan to Elmo.
Sundance favorite Morgan
Spurlock (Super Size Me) will
be bringing The Greatest Movie
Ever Sold. "He's making a film
using only money from product
placement. So the film is about
trying to find product place-
ment," says Sundance direc-
tor John Cooper. "He starts to
wear Levi jeans, starts to drink
a certain pomegranate juice."
"The point of the film is not
to condemn product placement,
but make it transparent and
just acknowledge it for what it
is," adds Sundance program-
ming chief Trevor Groth.
A film called Becoming
Chaz follows Chaz Bono the
former Chastity Bono, born the
daughter of singer turned con-
gressman Sonny Bono and pop
icon Cher- on his journey to

continued from 4C

The Cemetery Beautifica-
tions Project, located at 3001
NW 46th Street is looking for
volunteers and donations to-
wards the upkeep and beau-
'tification of the Lincoln Park
Cemetery. For more info, con-
,tact Dyrren S. Barber at 786-

Booker T. Washington
Senior High School, 1200 NW
6th Ave., will host the 33rd


By Richard Termine
Tickle me, Kevin: Puppeteer Kevin Clash is featured in the
documentary Being Elmo, which will compete at Sundance.

will take place on Thursday,
April 14, 2011. Womenade
Miami celebrates women and
mothers from the Community
Partnership for Homeless who
have taken strides to improve
their lives. For more informa-
tion, call 305-329-3066.

The Florida A&M Uni-
versity National Alumni As-
sociation (NAA) Annual Con-
vention is scheduled for May
18-22 in Orlando, Fl. For more
information, contact the Public
Relations department at 850-
599-3413 or email public.rela-

Rendo-Goju-Ryu Karate
Academy will be offering kara-
te lessons at the Liberty Square

Annual NAACP ACT-SO (Afro-
Academic, Cultural, Techno-
logical and Scientific Olym-
pics) Academic Competition on
Saturday, March 5 (Module II)
from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. For'more
information, including guide-
lines for participation and ap-
plication form, log on to www.
miami-dadenaacpact-so.org or
contact Art Johnson, Chairper-
son at 305-685-9436.

The 2nd Annual Take A
Walk In Her Shoes, 60s fash-
ion show lunch silent action

Reagan is a portrait of the
late president, looking at both
his life and his continuing in-
Documentaries in competi-
tion at the festival include:
Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's
Journey looks at Kevin ClaL,,
the man behind the cute little
red Muppet. "He's a guy who
had this calling, works his way
up and gets a job with Jim Hen-
son, his idol, and creates this
character who strikes a chord
with children everywhere,"
Groth says.
"It really was his creation.
Though Elmo was a character
on Sesame Street before he got
hold of it, nothing really struck
until he took over and it caught
Actor Michael Rapaport will
examine the musical collec-
tive A Tribe Called Quest in the
movie Beats, Rhymes and Life.
"This is the first doc he has
made, and he had a real pas-
sion for these guys that comes
through in the film," says Coo-
* For animal-lovers, there is
Buck, a documentary about
horse trainer Buck Branna-
man, who came from an abu-
sive home and has vowed never
to use pain to tame and teach
the animals he works with.
"He doesn't want to beat the
horses, so he finds other ways
of using psychology and trust
to work with them," Groth

Community Center from 5-7
p.m. on Tuesdays and Thurs-
days. For more info, call 305-

Beta Tau Zeta Royal As-
sociation offers after-school
tutoring for students K-12 on
Monday-Friday. Students will
receive assistance with home-
work and computers. Karate
classes are also offered two
days a week. The program is
Held at the Zeta Community
Center in Liberty City. 305-

First Fridays, Feb. 4
at Calder Casino and Race
Course. Doors open at 8 p.m.
For more information, call 305-

Black stars that you should look out for in 2011

continued from 1C


Actress Jurnee Smollett
may be best remembered by
some as the curious child
in "Eve's Bayou," but the
actress is now 24 and star-
ring on two shows: "The De-
fenders" and "Friday Night
Lights." Last year was al-
ready a pretty one for her

career-wise, and she topped
it off in October by marrying
upcoming musician Josiah
Bell. Bell is signed to Capi-
tol Records and has a fresh
sound that should make him
a breakout star soon. Check
him out at www.myspace.

Halle Berry makes her
Broadway debut this fall in
"The Mountaintop," a play
set in Martin Luther King's
hotel room at The Lorraine
Hotel in Memphis the night
he was assassinated, with
Samuel L. Jackson, her co-
star in her film debut "Jun-
gle Fever." Her shark thrill-'
er "Dark Tide" is headed to
theaters this year, she's a
Golden Globe nominee for
"Frankie and Alice" and
could also be on the Oscar
list. Berry will be working
with the Wachowski broth-
ers (directors of the "Matrix"
trilogy) on "Cloud Atlas" with
Tom Hanks and Natalie Port-
man, though that may be for
a 2012 release.


The highly-anticipated film
"Mooz-Lum," starring Nia
Long, Roger Guenveur Smith
and Evan Ross, takes a look
at the experiences of Black
Muslims in America, a point
of view rarely found in main-
stream media. Even Ross
plays an American Muslim
whose father (Smith) is less
than enthralled when his son
questions the faith. The film
should be in theatrical re-
lease .this spring, and given
the trailer, you should defi-
nitely be looking for it.

It will be
easy to watch
Michael B.
Jordan in
2011 he's
appearing on
three shows.
As Vince on
"Friday Night
Lights," he's
been the breakout member
of the last two seasons, along
with his onscreen love Ju-
rnee Smollett. He's also ap-
pearing in recurring roles on
"Parenthood" and "Lie to Me."
That just goes to show and

prove the potential of that
this former "Wire" star. The
now 24-year-old actor, who
played the doomed Wallace
on the HBO show, is on his'
way up.

What moves does Perry
make in
2011? He got
"For Colored
Girls" on-
screen, but
didn't get
any major
award nods,
and many
fans of the
original play hated the adap-
tation. He went on "Oprah"
and talked openly about be-
ing physically and sexually
abused, and 200 men came
on a follow-up show to share
their own secret shame. So
what's next? His 2011 movie,
"Madea's Big Happy Family,"
won't do anything for his ar-
tistic credibility, but it will
probably make money. Will
Perry be happy with that or
will he try to stretch again?
We're sure he'll let us know
this year.

A federal jury has sided with Bob Marley's family in ruling against a Nevada
company accused of making and selling apparel featuring the reggae icon's im-
The Las Vegas Review-Journal reported that jurors recently ruled against
AVELA and owner Leo Valencia, awarding $300,000 in damages to a company
owned by Marley's family.
U.S. District Judge Philip Pro is expected to award more damages after deter-
mining how much profit was lost because of unfair competition.
A :awyer told the jury in Las Vegas that Bob Marley's children don't want to
see the reggae legend portrayed as a bobble-head or a plush toy.
Marley died in 1981 at age 36. His heirs, under the name Fifty-Six Hope Road
Music Ltd. and Zion Rootswear, filed the lawsuit in January 2008.

Tracy "Little Ice" Marrow, Jr., teenage son of actor and former gangster rap-
per Ice-T, was arrested during the wee hours recently outside a Van Nuys, Cali-
fornia strip club and charged with public indecency.
The 19-year-old was visiting a popular strip club where the Los Angeles police
were called.
Marrow, Jr., who is set to appear in the upcoming reality show called "The
Real Teens of Hollvwood," was released on $5,000 bail.

Seventh season 'American Idol' contestant Chikezie Ndubuisi Eze is a wanted
man. There is a bench warrant out for the 25-year-old, who is on probation for
an arrest stemmiTnig from a purchase he made with a fraudulent credit card.
Eze was at Beverly Hills lure retailer Neiman Marcus last February. The Ni-
gerian-born singer attempted to buy two bottles of cologne and used a bogus
credit card to pay for the items. He was arrested and sentenced to three years
probation after pleading no contest to misdemeanor identity theft. The 'Idol'
alum was also required to perform 45 days of community labor and ordered to
stay away from the department store under the terms of the deal.
Eze failed to appear before a iudge for a Jan. 14 hearing related to the arrest
last year, a bench warrant has been issued for his arrest.

has' financial trouble have apparently taken a turn for the worse.
Last year news broke that the rapper owed 13.3 million to the IRS. Well, it
looks like his debt has nearly doubled. Detroit News' Watchdog blog reports that
the government has hit the Queens lyricist with a $6.46 million ta. lien.
According to a lien filed against him last fall, he hasn't made his $420 monthly
payments on his Queens condo since January 2010 and now owes $3,860 to the
condo managers.
las was reportedly hit with a $2,584,236 lien October 16, 2009, a $3,365,671
February 3. 2010 and $514,298 lien from the New ','ork City Register of Deeds
January 10 t1 this year.

Poetry Corner returns to

The Miami Times

In a tradition that
was once much-beloved
and always anticipated,
February '9 will mark the
return of "Poetry Corner"
in The Miami Times. Each
week we will feature' one
poem from writers who live
inour community. Whether
you are a seasoned scribe
or a riovice poet, we want
your work. Submissions
should be one page or less
and typed. They may either
be emailed to Jasmine
Johnson (jjohnson@

or faxed (305-757-5770).
Poetry should also follow
the example of our best.
Black poets and be positive
in their message. Please
include a photograph
(high resolution), daytime
phone number and the
city in which you currently
reside. No phone inquiries
please. We hope to make
this a weekly addition to
our paper but that will
be up to you. If you are "a
poet and you know it," we
invite you to send us your
best work.

Sullivan to take break from music

continued from 1C

for me and riding with me on
this journey, let us continue,"
she posted, via @jsullivanmu-
Though the 23-year-old's
messages originally surfaced
around 8 p.m., several hours
later the posts were removed
without explanation.
An unreleased track, titled
'I'm Not a Robot,' which is pro-
duced by Salaam Remi (Amy
Winehouse/Toni Braxton),
then surfaced online around
The tune features lyrics sim-
ilar to Sullivan's Twitter emo-
tions as she sings: "I gotta get

out of this program and find
out who I really am/I'm not a
robot...Somebody turn it off/
please make it stop/I'm not a
At press time, there was no
statement from her label, J Re-
cords, which was still closed
for holiday.
Sullivan, who was honored
by Billboard magazine as the
"Rising Star for 2010" in Dec.,
released her critically ac-
claimed sophomore CD, 'Love
Me Back,' on Nov. 30.
The singer also has a role
in the upcoming George Lu-
cas' film 'Red Tails,' co-star-
ring Terrence Howard, Tristan
Wilds, Cuba Gooding Jr., Ne-Yo
and Michael B. Jordan.

LBifestylles Happenings





On Monday, January 17, 2011, the 5000 Role Models of Excellence Eighteenth Annual Dr. martin Luther King Jr. Unity Scholarship Breakfast,
A Celebration of Bahamian Culture & Contributions of Bahamian Americans honored 20 outstanding South Florida Bahamian Americans;
and featured the Royal Bahamas Police Force band and Bahamas Junkanoo Revue of Miami.
Congresswoman Frederica S. Wilson, founder of the 5000 Role Models of Excellence is the first person of Bahamian descent to serve in
the United States Congress.
Congresswoman Wilson was honored by His Excellency Cornelius Alvin Smith,
Ambassador of the Bahamas to the United States.














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By Richard Wolf
Gregory Korte

President Obama focused
about 80 percent of his State
of the Union Address on the
economy, offering proposals de-
signed to create jobs, make the
United States more competitive
with other developed nations
and reduce future budget defi-
cits. Those goals can conflict,
however. Here's a look behind
the rhetoric:
Statement: "Cutting the defi-
cit by gutting our investments
in innovation and education is
like lightening an overloaded
airplane by removing its en-
gine. It may make you feel like
you're flying high at first, but it
won't take long before you'll feel

the impact."
Reality check: This is the
central thesis of Obama's
speech that the United
States needs to invest in clean
energy technology, a crumbling
physical infrastructure and
education in order to compete
better with developing nations
such as China and India.
The president says any in-
vestments should not increase
the deficit, but he didn't say
how to do that, other than by
eliminating billions of dollars
in tax breaks to oil companies.
House Transportation Com-
mittee Chairman John Mica,
R-Fla., has mentioned using
money left over from the $814
billion stimulus law passed in
2009. Ed DeSeve, the White

Vice President Biden, left, and House Speaker John
Boehner, R-Ohio, clap as President Obama delivers the
State of the Union address last Tuesday.

House point man on .stimulus
implementation, said in Octo-
ber that only $110 billion re-
mained unspent, including $45
billion in tax cuts.
And the Highway Trust Fund
-which also helps pay for mass
transit can't pay for current
transportation needs without
raising the gas tax, now 18.4
cents-a-gallon, the Congres-
sional Budget Office says. At
the current rate of spending
and gas tax collections, CBO
analyst Chad Shirley wrote
last week, the highway account
"would be unable to meet its
obligations sometime during
fiscal year 2012."
"Big-government advocates
have a history of calling nearly
all government spending 'in-

vestment,' because it sounds
better," says Brian Riedl of the
conservative Heritage Foun-
dation. "It's very dangerous to
claim these investments will
pay for themselves."
Statement: "Now that the
worst of the recession is over,
we have to confront the fact
that our government spends
more than it takes in. That is
not sustainable."
Reality check: Obama re-
vised last year's proposal to
freeze domestic spending, ex-
cluding Social Security, Medi-
care and Medicaid, defense,
homeland security and veter-
ans programs. Now he wants
five years, not three. But by
exempting so much, the freeze
Please turn to JOBS 10D

4. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 ~ 4 4 4 4e 4 4 4 4 a .4 4 .4 s 4.4 41 n. 4 41 ", b.4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 4 4

FPL customers' bills to rise

By Julie Patel

Florida Power & Light cus-
tomers' bills will increase
largely because of higher
than expected fuel costs.
Fuel and other charg-
es approved by regulators
Wednesday will bump up
a monthly electric bill for a-
customer that uses 1,000
kilowatt-hours by $1.43 in
March, to $96.44, and by an-
other 17 cents in June. The
bill is currently $95.01.
The increase covers FPL's
missed projections for fuel
costs by about $208 million

in 2010 and more
than $8 million in
2009. FPL Spokes-
man Mayco Villafa-
na said fuel costs
were "higher than
anticipated due to an
unusually cold winter and
hot summer."
Extreme weather can cre-
ate, a double whammy for
consumers: They pay more
because they use more elec-
tricity, and FPL may have to
buy more power or more fuel
to run its plants last-min-
ute purchases that can cost
more than budgeted.


Villafana said FPL
also spent $53 million
more than expected to
save energy and meet
more aggressive goals
set by the PSC in
|L late 2009.
The charges
this year for

fuel and pro-
grams to save energy, help
the environment and increase
the energy supply add up to
$5.3 billion, up 10 percent
from $4.8 billion last year.
The charges were $7.2 bil-
lion in 2009.
"The March 2011 bill will

still be more than 10 percent
lower than the typical 2009
bill," Villafana noted. "We
also expect it to continue to
be one of the very lowest of
Florida's 55 electric utilities."
The 2011 charges were rub-
ber-stamped by the state's
Public Service Commission,
which considered the charges
for less than 20 minutes.
PSC Chairman Art Graham
noted the agency spent far
more time in recent months
on similar charges for other
utilities. "This could be a
long, onerous process, and
Please turn to FPL 12D

Hospitals added 10,000 jobs in Florida

Soubling a

ig r 401(k) in

ears is harder

but possible

By Jeff Ostrowski

Employment at Florida hos-
pitals grew by 4.3 percent
from 2007 to 2009, even while
employers in most industries
were cutting workers, accord-
ing to a report released this
The University of Florida
study, commissioned by the
Florida Hospital Association,
offers more evidence that
health care' is a recession-
proof corner of the economy.
Florida hospitals added about
10,000 employees and in-
creased payrolls by $844 mil-
lion from 2007 to 2009.
Hospitals employed 13,844
full-time equivalent workers
in Palm Beach County and
243,637 statewide in 2009.

"Thank goodness there's
been a health care sector in
Florida, because it's one of the
few sectors that have remained
relatively strong through the
recession," said Bruce Rue-
ben, president of the Florida
Hospital Association.
But Rueben said hospi-
tals aren't quite recession-
proof. During the depths of
the downturn, hospitals saw
patients put off treatment be-
cause they had lost jobs and
health insurance.
"Much of health care is not
elective, so you can only put it
off for so long," Rueben said.
The reality that people get
sick whether they can afford
it or not, along with the aging
of Florida's population, makes
hospitals more resilient than

Bruce Rueben, President
Florida Hospital Association

many industries.
One way to crunch the num-
bers: Palm Beach County's 19
hospitals employed 2.5 per-
cent of the people working in
the county in December 2009.
Statewide, hospitals account-
ed for 3 percent of Florida's 8.1
million jobs.
Palm Beach County hos-
pitals paid $814 million in
salaries in 2009, making the
average pay $58,798, not in-
cluding benefits. Statewide,
285 hospitals paid $13.3 bil-
lion in salaries, the study
In Martin County, hospi-
tals employed 1,954 people at
an average salary of $54,278.
And in St. Lucie County, 1,754
hospital workers made an av-
erage of $57,013.

By Matt Krantz

Q: If a person has a
$300,000 401(k) and contrib-
utes $22,000 a year for five
years, can he double its value
in that time period?
A: Another investor looking
for the elusive prize in invest-
ing: Doubling in five years.
A few weeks ago, another
Ask Matt reader asked wheth-
er it was possible to double the
value of a 401(k) retirement in
five years. And the answer is
a resounding yes, if you follow
the guidance in this previous
But this past Ask Matt col-
umn dealt with doubling a
401(k) with an existing bal-
ance of $20,000, a much
smaller value than what

you're asking to double.
With a 401(k) of the smaller
$20,000 size,, the value of on-
going contributions from your
paycheck are a big factor in
determining if you can double
in five years.
Now you're asking the ques-
tion many readers who might
be further along in their
401(k) retirement savings
what to know: Taking a look
at a 401(k) with a larger value
of $300,000. What's required
to double that in five years?
To find out, let's do the
math. Let's first calculate the
kind of return that would be
needed to double a $300,000
401(k) assuming you're not
making any contributions.
Running the numbers we
Please turn to 401 (K) 10D


Once again, we are facing the rise of high gas prices

By James Clingman off of consumers by . hmmm, I
wonder whom or what. Some at-
Depending on where you live, if you tribute escalating gasoline prices to
drive something other than an elec- simple supply and demand; others
tric automobile, you are feeling the say it's the OPEC oil cartel; still oth-
results of rising oil prices, and. sub- ers blame the speculators who bet on
sequent gasoline prices. Haven't we future oil prices; some say it's govern-
been at this place before? Didn't we ment taxes levied on each gallon we
complain and moan about the high purchase; and a few "insiders" say it's
price of gas a couple of years ago? We all in the hands of the IMF and the
even organized "Gas Out Day" in an World Bank. Whoever or whatever it
effort to get lower prices at the pump. is, I know it's sure taking a chunk out
What happened? Why are we back at of.my pocket. How about you?
the same place once again so soon? What's the little guy to do? Is there
Excuses abound for the latest rip- no answer, no way to ease the pain at

the pump? Of course, we can
always find ways to drive less
and! make sure we are not
frivolously taking "old Betsy"
out for a spin; you know, like
our parents did in the "good
old days" when gas was 30
cents a gallon. Conservation
will surely decrease demand,
but will that bring the price
down, per basic economics,
as we have been taught in
school? Some say, "Absolutely


ling oil and gas prices,
and there probably is, the
little people have virtu-
ally no chance of impact-
ing prices. You know how
greedy those hidden hand
folks are they used to
want billions, but now it's
trillions in profits.
Back to solutions. Con-
servation is definitely
within our personal con-
trol. Then there is col-

elective leverage through an affinity

If there is a hidden hand control- program of some kind. Maybe local

groups can organize thousands of
consumers and make a commitment
to purchase gas from a few selected
stations, that is, if those stations offer
some kind of group discount. Organi-
zations like the Collective Empower-
ment Group, headquartered in Prince
Georges County Maryland, could lead
the way.
I have said before: If gas prices
are too high, just increase the sup-
ply. How? By refusing to patronize
certain brands or stations, on a local
level, those stations will surely have a
Please turn to GASOLINE 10D









By Peter Svensson
Associated Press

NEW YORK Verizon
Wireless made the long-
awaited announcement
recently that it will
start selling a version
of the iPhone 4 on Feb.
10, giving U.S. iPhone
buyers a choice of
carriers for the first
New Yorker Wes Moe
can'twait. He has wanted
one to accompany his
iPad and Mac, but held
back because he shares
a Verizon plan with his
wife, a BlackBerry user.
"I'm super happy with
all those other Apple
devices, and I want that
phone in my hands,"
said Moe, 32.
In the U.S., the iPhone
has been exclusive
to AT&T Inc. since
it launched in 2007,
frustrating many people
who for one reason or
another haven't wanted
an AT&T phone..
"I can't tell you the
number of times I've
been asked and my
colleagues have been
asked ... When will the
iPhone work on the
Verizon network?" said,
Apple's chief operating
officer, Tim Cook, at the
recent launch event.
Pre-orders for existing
Verizon customers will

will be $200 or $300
with a two-year contract,
about the same as the
iPhone through AT&T.
Verizon has wider
domestic network
coverage than AT&T
does, particularly for
the older "3G" wireless
broadband. In the
interior of the country,
it covers vast areas
that AT&T doesn't. In
the big cities of the
coasts, iPhone service
can be spotty because
of crowding on AT&T's
Nonetheless, it's not
clear how many people
will flee from AT&T and
other carriers.
Unless Verizon's
service plans are
radically different from
AT&T's, Beth Henriksen,
31, said she won't dump
her AT&T iPhone 4 any
time soon. Verizon did
not reveal its service
plan pricing recently.
Nor did it say whether
it would offer the same
unlimited data-use
plans it offers for other
smart phones. Last year,
AT&T stopped offering
unlimited data plans to
new customers.
She said she has big
service problems with
AT&T in and around
Washington, D.C., but
she's hesitant to switch.
because unlike the AT&T

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"Verizon customers
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the iPhone now," Cook



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U.S. Rep. Allen West is out to make change

By William Gibson

Eager to push the nation in a dif-
ferent direction, Congressman Al-
len West plans to.reverse some long-
standing positions taken by South
Florida leaders and pursue new
ways to boost the economy.
West wants to limit emergen-
cy unemployment benefits, scale
back Social Security to keep it sol-
vent and allow offshore oil drilling

close enough to Florida shores so
emergency crews can cap potential
spills. He already fulfilled one cam-
paign promise by voting to repeal
the new health care law.
After three weeks in office, the
tea-party favorite from Plantation
will face voters at his first town hall
meetings on Thursday in Deerfield
Beach and on Monday in Boynton
In a wide-ranging interview, he

previewed his agenda on issues that
have special impact on Florida.

West, unlike most South Florida
members of both parties, opposes
any path to legal status for those
who reside here illegally, including
those brought as children.
"You've got to enforce the law,"
he said. "Before considering the
Please turn to WEST 12D

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Creating jobs, the central focus during the State of the Union address

continued from 8D

would apply to only about $500
billion of a $3.8 trillion budget
- "a fairly narrow part," White
House economic adviser Gene
Sperling admits.
The White House claims the
freeze would save $400 billion
over 10 years. It says the part
of the budget to be frozen, mea-
sured as a share of the nation's
economy, is lower than it's been
in a half-century.
Republicans want to cut
spending much more. House
GOP leaders, led by Speaker
John Boehner, want to cut $100
billion this year and about $1.5

trillion over 10 years by revert-
ing to 2008 spending levels.
Conservative Republicans led
by Rep. Jim Jordan of Ohio
want to go further, saving $2.5
trillion over 10 years by revert-
ing to 2006 spending levels.
Statement: "Over the years, a
parade of lobbyists has rigged
the tax code to benefit particu-
lar companies and industries.
... Those with accountants or
lawyers to work the system can
end up paying no taxes at all.
But all the rest are hit with one
of the highest corporate tax
rates in the world. It makes no
sense, and it has to change."
Reality check: By focusing
only on corporate taxes, the

president is putting
off a more sweeping
overhaul of the tax
code called for by his
bipartisan fiscal com-
mission and other
He would eliminate
or reduce many of the
tax breaks inserted
into the tax code for




and use the money to lower the
35 percent corporate tax rate,
which is the highest among 31
developed countries ranked by
the Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development.
Lower rates might be good for
most corporations but fewer

than 6 million busi-
nesses, or 18 percent
of the nation's total,
file as corporations.
More than 23 mil-
lion, or 72 percent,
are sole proprietor-
ships, while 3 million
more, or nearly 10
percent, are partner-
ships. "I am certain
that they do not want

to be left out of tax reform,"
says R. Bruce Josten, an exec-
utive vice president of the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce.
Statement: "Most of the
cuts and savings I've proposed
only address annual domes-
tic spending, which represents

a little more than 12 percent
of our budget. To make fur-
ther progress, we have to-stop
pretending that cutting this
kind of spending alone will be
enough. It won't."
Reality check: Beyond his
proposed domestic spending
freeze, which comes with lots of
exclusions, Obama didn't take
the lead on broader deficit re-
duction. He spoke about the
need to protect Social Security
for future generations and to
get further savings in health
care beyond those envisioned
in the overhaul signed last year,
but there were no specifics.
Budget watchdogs had hoped
Obama would embrace specific

proposals from the bipartisan
commission that last month
voted 11-7 for major spending
cuts, tax increases and chang-
es to Social Security and Medi-
care. The federal budget deficit
stands at $1.3 trillion, and the
accumulated national debt is
$14.1 trillion.
"A spending freeze is a step
in the right direction, but it is
only one element of the long-
term fiscal plan we need," says
Pete Peterson, chairman of the
Peter G. Peterson Foundation,
a fiscal watchdog group. "We
cannot become more of an in-
vestment economy if we don't
have future resources to in-

Increasing your 401(k) plan

401 (k)
continued from 8D

learn that you'd need a 14.9
percent annual return in order
to turn your $300,000 401(k)
into a $600,000 one in five
A 14.9 percentereturn might
not sound like much follow-
ing the banner 2010 year for
stocks. Including dividends,
the broad Standard & Poor's
500 index returned 15.1
percent in 2010. If those types
of returns continued in each
of the next five years, you
could sit back and watch
your $300,000 401(k) climb
to a value of $606,035 in five
Unfortunately, though,
years like 2010 don't repeat
all that often. In fact, the
long-term average return of
large U.S. stocks is 9.4 per-
cent a year, according to data
from IFA.com. At that rate,
your $300,000 401(k) would
be worth $470,119 in five
years. That's a solid 57 per-
cent return, but far from the
100 percent needed to double
your portfolio.
What's more, depending on
how close you are to retire-
ment, it's pretty unrealistic to
expect to get 9.4 percent aver-
age annual returns in a retire-
ment portfolio. If you're near-
ing retirement, you're likely
to have a big dose of lower-
returning bonds in your port-
folio. Assuming you've split
your portfolio to be 60 percent
stocks and 40 percent bonds,
you might be more prudent to
expect returns closer to 6.5
percent a year. This rate of
return changes everything.
At that rate, it would take
roughly 12 years to double

your $300,000 401(k).
So if you can't count on
the markets alone to double
the value of your $300,000
401(k), what's- the answer?
Again, setting up a plan to
save money in your 401(k) is
what will make your retire-
ment goal possible. You might
also need to take on more risk
to get a higher market return.
Let's do the math using your
assumptions. Starting with
a $300,000 401(k) and as-
suming a 6.5 percent average
annual return, you'd need to
contribute $33,190 a year to
your 401(k) for it to double in
five years. The $22,000 a year
annual contribution you're
suggesting in your question
won't be enough to get you to
double the account.
Here's a more realistic fore-
cast. With the $22,000 a year
contribution you suggest, plus
a 6.5 percent average annual
return, your $300,000 401(k)
will be worth $536,286 in five
years. That's a solid 78.8 per-
cent gain, but not a 100 per-
cent one.
For you to double your 401(k)
in five years making $22,000
annual contributions, you'll
need an average annual re-
turn of 9.3 percent. To get this
return, you'll need to increase
your exposure to stocks, 'and
therefore boost your risk.
There are prudent ways to do
this, though. For instance, In-
dex Funds Advisors' Portfolio
60 has generated .a long-term
average annual return of 9.2
percent, which would have got-
ten you to your goal. This port-
folio calls for a lower weighting
in bonds, 30 percent versus the
more common 40 percent, plus
a 7 percent exposure to riskier
emerging markets stocks.

Rising gasoline prices

continued from 8D

greater supply on hand and
will more than likely be a bit
more amenable to offering bet-
ter prices per gallon. Gotta sell
that stuff to somebody.
In-Great Britain it takes about
70 pounds to fill up the average
gas tank. Convert that to U.S.
dollars and it's about $112.00.
Looks like we may be headed
that way, folks. Are you ready?
You better hurry up and buy
yourself a bicycle or a moped or
something more economical.
The bottom-line is this: Some-
body out there is manipulating
the price of oil. The good news
is that big bad China is making
a move that will at least curtail
our fuel demise in the short
run. A recent report disclosed
that China is taking actions
that will lower the price of oil on
the world market. It reported,
"Crude prices dropped early in
the day, slumping after reports

from China that the govern-
ment was taking more steps to
discourage risky bank lending.
"China is one of the largest
oil consumers in the world, but
a recent crackdown on bank
lending has raised fears that
China's economic recovery -
and its appetite for oil could
falter," the report continued. It
just goes to show you what col-
lective leverage is all about.
Yes, we are being ripped off
and, knowing that, what sacri-
fices are we willing to make to
respond to it? This is a personal
decision we all must make, and
then we must be disciplined
enough to follow through on
whatever solution we pursue.
The oil thieves count on us to
just whine and complain, and
then go to the gas pump to fill
up. Maybe $5.00 per gallon gas
will change our complacency
into creativity when it comes to
how much we spend on gaso-
line, as well as where we spend
our dollars.

.......... .. ..

.. : : ", -. : '
a~c. ~, ''' L!Pt.~.: I
b ~a,'' b i : i. i~yI


i ~,

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Two bedrooms $800-$900
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1140 NW 79 Street
Efficiency, one bath. $495.
One bdrm, one bath. $525.
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$475 MOVE IN. One
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1229 NW 1 Court
$500 MOVE INI One
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stove, refrigerator, air.

1231 NW 58 Terrace
One bdrm, one bath. $450
monthly $700 move in.
Two bdrm, one bath. $550
monthly $850 move in.
All appliances included.
Free 19 inch LCD TV. Call

12400 NE 11 Court
Three bedrooms, two baths.
$1100. Appliances,
Free water. 305-642-7080

1245 NW 58 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$495 monthly, $750 to
move in. All appliances
included. Free 19 inch LCD
Call Joel 786-355-7578

1250 NW 60 Street
One bedroom, one bath
$525. Free Water.

1261 NW 59 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$550. Free Water.

1298 NW 60 Street
Beautiful one and two bdrms.,
air, gated. Section 8 wel-
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1317 NW 2 AVENUE
$425 Move In. One bdrm,
one bath $425. Ms. Shorty

1348 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $450.

140 NW 13 Street
$500 MOVE IN. Two
bdrms, one bath $500.

14350 NW 22 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $425
Two bdrms. one bath $525
Free Water 786-267-1646

14460 NW 22 Avenue
One bdrm., one bath $495
Two bdrms., one bath, $595
Stove, refrigerator, air
Free Water 786-267-1646

1450 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath $425.

1525 NW 1 Place
One bdrm, one bath, $395
monthly. $600 move in.
Three bdrm, two bath, $550
monthly, $850 to move in.
Newly renovated. All ap-
pliances included. Free 19
inch LCD TV. Call Joel

1718 NW 2 Court
$425 MOVE IN, One bdrm,
one bath, $425.


1801 NW 1 Court
Two bdrm, one bath, $595
monthly, $900 to move-in.
All appliances included.
Free 19 inch LCD TV. Call

1801 NW 2 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath.
$550 monthly. $850 to
move in. All appliances
included. Free 19 inch LCD
TV. Call:
Joel 786-355-7578

1835 NW 2 Court
Two bedrooms. Free water.
$900 move in. $450 deposit.
$450 monthly. 786-454-5213
186 NW 13 Street
One bdrm, one bath. $475.
Appliances 305-642-7080
190 NW 51 Street
One bedroom. $595 to move
in. 786-389-1686
1920 NW 31 Street
One bedroom, water, air,
and appliances included.
$760-$850 monthly. Section
8 welcome 305-688-7559
200 NW 13 Street
One bedroom, one bath
$425. 305-642-7080.
2040 NE 168 Street
One bedroom, one bath
water included, washer, dryer
facility. Section 8 Welcome.
210 NW 17 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$475. Call 305-642-7080
2401 NW 52 Street # 1
Newly renovated one bed-
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floors. $550 monthly.
2416 NW 22 Court
One bedroom one bath
Appliances, free water.

2804 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath, $450
monthly, $700 move in.
Two bdrms, one bath, $595
monthly, $900 move in,
All appliances included.
Free 19 inch LCD TV Call
Joel 786-355-7578
3669 Thomas Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $525,
appliances. 305-6427080
411 NW 37 Street
Studio, $395 per month.
All appliances included.
Call Joel 786-355-7578

439 NW 9 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
$750 move in, $450 mthly.
Call 786-294-6014
One bedroom, very nice $450
a month. Call 305-557-1750
48 NW 77 Street
Beautiful one bedroom, $575
monthly. Call after 6 p.m.
50 Street Heights
Walking distance from
Brownsville Metrorail. Free
water, gas, window bars, iron
gate doors. One and two
bedrooms from $490-$580
monthly, 2651 NW 50 Street,
Call 305-638-3699
5520 SW 32 Street
Pembroke Park Florida
Two bedrooms, one bath,
$850 monthly, $1700 move
in. 786-370-0832
5550 NE Miami Place
One bedroom. $600 monthly,
first and last. 786-277-0302
60 and 61 STREET
One and two bdrms, $595
and $695. Call 954-482-5400
6020 NW 13 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath,
$520-$530 monthly. One
bedroom, $485 monthly. Win-
dow bars and iron gate doors.
Free water and gas. Apply at:
2651 NW 50 Street
Call 305-638-3699
6091 NW 15 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $450.
Two bdrm, one bath $550.
729 NW 55 Terrace
One bdrm, one bath. Ms. Bell
.786-307-6162. $585 mthly
750 NW 56 Street
One bdrm, one bath. $495
monthly. $750 move in.
All appliances included.
Free 19 inch LCD TV. Call
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8390 NW 15 Avenue
One Month Free. Large, one
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8475 NE 2 Avenue
One and two bdrm apts.
Section 8 ok. 305-754-7776

One and two bedrooms, from
$495-$585 monthly. Free
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Move in with first month rent
Remodeled efficiency, one,
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Beautiful one bedroom, $650
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Call 305-638-3699
One and two bedrooms.
Remodeled one bdrm. $625
to $775. 534 NE 78 Street
Liberty City Area
One bedroom. $500 moves
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One bedroom. $400 moves
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N. MIA. 1720 NE 149 Street
Studio $533-$595, One bdrm
$656 plus, two bdrms, $888.
First, last, security
Two bdrms, one bath. Very
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Nice two bedrooms, air
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4938 or 305-498-8811

2683 NW 66 Street
For more information
Call 786-277-8988

191 Street NW 35 Avenue
Four bedrooms, Section 8
Welcome. 305-754-7776
50 NW 166 Street
New four bedrooms, two
baths.$1500. Section 8 OK.
Section 8 welcome. Cozy
two bedrooms, two and a
half baths townhouse. $1300
monthly. Great location, near
mall, hospital and school.

1080 NW 100 Terrace
Three bedrooms, two baths.
1086 NW 55 Street
Two bdrms, one bath. $875.
Appliances. Free water.

1158 NW 64 Street
Two bdrms, one bath, first,
and security. 305-244-6845
1175 NW 88 Street
Completely remodeled, two
and three bedrooms, all ap-
pliances, water and central
air. Call 305-305-4665
1226 NW 1 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath. $450.

1236 NW 46 Street
Two bdrm, one bath, central
air, $1500 to move in. $925
monthly Section 8 OK. call
Frank Cooper Real Estate
1260 Sesame Street
One bdrm, one bath,
appliances,water included,
Call Marie 305-763-5092
13415 NW 31 Avenue
Newly remodeled one bed-
room, one bath, tiled floor,
washer, dryer access. $595
mthly. Section 8 Welcome!
135 NE 80 Terrace
Newly remodeled, huge one
bedroom, one bath, central
air, $750 monthly. Section 8
welcome. 954-818-9112.

1452 NW 53 Street
Beautiful one bedroom,
one bath, air, $750 monthly,
first and security deposit.
Call 305-710-1343 or
1521-25 NW 41 Street
One bdrm, one bath. Appli-
ances, tiled, bars, air. $700
mthly, security. 305-490-9284
1524 NW 1 Avenue
One bdrm, one bath. $495,
free water. 305-642-7080
1542 NW 35 Street
Newly renovated two bdrms,
air and some utilities, du-
plexes, townhouses, $850
monthly. 786-488-0599
15813 NW 38 Place
Section 8 ready. Big and
lovely three bedroom, two
bath. central air, fully tiled, ap-
pliance. $1300 monthly. Two
bedroom $950. Call now
1732 NW 52 Street
One bdrm, one bath, central
air, appliances, Section 8 OK.
2240 NW 82 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath,
newly remodeled, central air,
$900 monthly. 954-687-2181
255 NE 58 Terrace
One bdrm,one bath. $550.
3075 NW 91 Street
One bedroom, one bath.
Section 8 Welcome
3189 NW 59 Street
Two bedrooms, one bath re-
modeled. Call Marie
3755 NW 23 Court
Two bedrooms, one' bath,,
Section 8 OK. Ride by then
call. 305-624-4309
4736 NW 15 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath,
recently remodeled. Wash-
er-Dryer hookup. $950 per
month. $500 Deposit. Section
8 Welcome 305-965-2486
5328 NW 31 Ave
Three bedrooms, $450 de-
posit for Section 8 tenants.
Water and washer/dryer in-
cluded. Call 305-871-3280.
6215 NW 2 Place
Big one bedroom, one bath,
appliances, $630 monthly.
Free water. 786-419-6613
6803 NW 6 Court
Two bedrooms, one bath, air.
stove and refrigerator.
7M3 N.W. 108th Street
Two bedroom, one bath, heat/
cool air conditioners. Section
8 okl 305-754-1182
7817 NW 10 Avenue
Two bedroom, two bath. $950
monthly. Call 305-336-0740
Section 8 OK
7820 NE 1 Avenue
Two bdrms, one bath.
$775. Appliances, free

8041 NW 12 Court
Updated two bedroom, one
bath, tile, $825 monthly.
86 Street NE 2 Avenue
One and Two bdrms. Section
8 OK. Call 305-754-7776
96 Street NW 5 Avenue
Two bedrooms, one bath,
air, washer hook-up, $900
monthly. 954-430-0849
97 NE 59 Terrace
Brand new luxury three bdrm,
two bath, gated. Section 8
OK. $1450. 786-355-1791
Two bdrms. Section 8 OK.
3737 Charles Terrace
Two bdrms, one bath duplex
located in Coconut Grove.
Near schools and buses.
$650 monthly, $650 security
deposit, $1300 total to move
in. 305-448-4225 or apply at:
3737 Charles Terrace

100 NW 14 Street
Newly renovated, private
bath and kitchen, utilities and
cable (HBO, BET, ESPN). 24
hour security camera, $185
wkly, $650 mthly.
1168 NW 51 STREET
Large efficiency, partly fur-
nished, quiet area, utilities in-
cluded. $600 monthly, $1000
to move in. Mature person
preferred. Call 305-633-1157.
12325 NW 21 Place
Efficiency available.
Call 954-607-9137
1612 NW 51 Terrace
$475 moves you in. $140
weekly. 786-389-1686
New floor, fridge. Utilities plus
cable. $600 monthly. $1200
move in. 305-751-7536
North East Miami
Quiet, private entrance, full
bath, near buses, free utili-
ties, cable and internet. Ref-
erences. $500 plus $500 se-
curity. 786-337-2386
NW 91 Street and 22
Furnished with air and light.

1010 NW 180 Terrace
Free cable, air, appliances
and use of kitchen.
13377 NW 30 Avenue
$85 weekly, free utilities,
kitchen, bath, one person.
305-474-8186, 305-691-3486
1426 NW 70 Street
Utilities included. $300
monthly. 305-836-8378
1722 NW 77 Street
$115 weekly,new carpet,
1770 N.W. 71 Street
Cottage room, air, cooking.
$400 move in. 305-303-6019
1775 NW 151 Street
Fully furnished, refrigerator,
microwave, cable, air and
heat. Two locations.
Call 954-678-8996
1823 NW 68 Terrace
One week free rent! Clean
rooms, includes air, cable,
water, electricity and use of
kitchen. $115 weekly. $230
move in. 786-286-7455 or
2169 NW 49 Street, Free Air
Direct TV, only $75 weekly.
Call NOW! 786-234-5683.
2010 NW 55 Terrace
One room, central air, appli-
ances. $100 and $125 wkly.
211 NW 12 Street
$100 moves you in. Weekly.
Cable and air. 786-454-5213
2810 NW 212 Terrace
Nice rooms. $125 weekly.
Call 786-295-2580
3290 NW 45 Street
Clean room, $350 monthly.
53rd Street and 14th Ave.
Own entrance, bed, own
bathroom, refrigerator, air
and microwave. $550 to
move in, includes water and
electricity. 305-710-1343,
6601 NW 24 Court
Microwave, refrigerator, color
TV, free cable, air, and use of
kitchen. Call 305-835-2728
7749 NW 15 Avenue
Kitchen privileges. Utilities,
air and cable included. $480
monthly. 305-218-4746
83 Street NW 18 Avenue
Cable TV, utilities included,
$550 monthly. 305-687-1110
Nicely furnished room with
private entrance.
One bedroom. Weekly or
monthly. 954-292-5058 or
1401 NE Miami Gardens Dr,
free cable, air, 786-277-3688.
2170 Washington Avenue
Clean rooms, $110 weekly,
$476 monthly.
Room In Christian Home
Call NA at 786-406-3539
8013 NW 10 Court
Central air, new bathrooms
and kitchen, security gates
$125 $150 weekly. Call
Kevin 786-908-3872
Appointment Only!
Best rooms $180 biweekly
plus Security $50, fully
loaded with cable, near bus
line, grocery store across the
Now offering shared rooms
starting at $85 weekly.
Call 786-468-6239
2158 NW 5 Avenue, Miami

1000 NW 128 Street
Three bdrms, one and half
bath, $1200. 954-805-7612
1318 NW 43 Street
Two bedroom, one bath,
$775 monthly. 305-267-9449
1370 NW 69 Street
Three bedrooms, one bath,
central air, plus bonus room,
$1200 mthly. Not Section 8
affiliated. Call 305-829-5164
or 305-926-2245
1723 NW 68 Terrace
Two bedrooms, one bath,
$700 monthly.
Call 305-267-9449
1851 NW 67 Street
Four bdrms, two baths. $995.
18715 NW 45 Avenue
Section 8 OK. Three bed-
rooms, one bath, central air,
tile floors. A beauty. $1295
Joe 954-849-6793
20061 NW 14 PLACE
Two bedrooms, one bath,
appliances. 786-356-1686
2135 NW 46 Street
Two bedroom, one bath, large
kitchen, living room, dinning
room, air, washer, dryer,
stove, refrigerator. $1150 per
Call Dot 305-607-1085

3060 NW 95 Street
Three bedrooms, two baths,
carpet, tile, central air, and
appliances. $1400 monthly
negotiable. Section 8 wel-
comed! 305-525-1271
Free 19 inch LCD TV
3512 NW 176 Terrace
Three bedrooms, two baths,
central air, den, tile. $1,250.
Terry Dellerson, Realtor
305-891-6776 No Section 8
Three bedroom, one
bath, Section 8 welcome.
Lovely three bedroom, two
bath 3794 NW 213 Terrace.
Fenced yard, tile floor, cen-
tral air, close to shopping,
churches, at Broward/Dade
border. Call 954-243-6606
Spacious four bdrms, two
baths, living room furniture,
plasma TV included.. Section
8 welcome. 305-490-8844
Three bedrooms also an ef-
ficiency. 786-267-7018
Three bedroom, two bath,
1900 square foot house.
$1400 monthly. Section 8
welcome. 305-505-3385
Four bedrooms, one bath.
Section 8 OK! 786-390-8425
Three bedrooms, Section 8
welcome. 786-269-5643
Four bedrooms, central air,
back yard and quiet neighbor-
hood. Call 305-342-8665.
Behind in Your Rent? 24 Hour
notice. Behind in Your Mort-
gage? 786-326-7916
Below 54th Street. Complet-
ed renovated. Nice neighbor-
hood near schools. Section 8
OK. Call 305-975-1987

Space available at
6600 NW 27 Avenue
Furnished and Unfurnished.
From $200 per month.
Prime Golden Glades
Office Space for rent, from
$300 to $500 monthly.

Now You Can own Your
Own Home Today
UP TO $65,000
On Any Home/Any Area
Need HELP???
House of Homes Realty
FHA $1900 down. Four bed-
room, two bath, remodeled.
$479 monthly. We have oth-
ers. NDI Realtors 290 NW183
street 305-655-1700
3361 NW 207 Street, three
bdrms, patio, air, bars. Only
$595 monthly with $1900
down FHA. We have others.
NDI Realtors Office at: 290
NW 183 Street 305-655-
1700 or 786-367-0508

Plumbing and Carpentry.
305-401-9165, 786-423-7233

To stand in the background
for a major film! Earn up to
$200/day. Exp. not req.

We are seeking drivers to
deliver newspaper to retail
outlets in South Dade, Bro-
ward and Miami Dade.
Wednesday Only

You must be available be-
tween the hours of 6 a.m.
and 1 p.m. Must have reli-
able, insured vehicle and
current Driver License.
Apply in person at:
The Miami Times
900 N.W. 54th Street

Two Part-time
In House Sales
Highly-motivated, profes-
sional individuals for fast-
paced newspaper office.
Must type 45 wpm, well
organized and computer
literate with excellent oral
and writing skills. Must have
a minimum of an AA or AS
degree or the equivalent
of five years work experi-
ence. Fax resume along
with salary history to
The Miami Times

Don't Throw Away
Your Old Recordsl

I Buy Old Records! Albums,
LP's, 45's, or 12" singles.
Soul, Jazz, Blues, Reggae,
Caribbean, Latin, Disco, Rap.
Also DJ Collections! Tell Your
Friends! 786-301-4180.

Renew, 40 hours, G, Con-
cealed. Traffic School, first
time driver $35.

Tax Prep & Efle $75

The Georgia

Witch Doctor

& Root Doctor

"Powerful Magic"
I Remove evil spells, court and jail cases return mate
Sex spirit & love spirit. Are you lonely? Order potion now.

Call or write 229-888-7144 Rev. Doc Brown
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Sonogram and office visit after 14 days

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The Miami Times is looking for an expe-
rienced copy editor. This position is part
time and will require additional evening
hours on Mondays and Tuesdays. You
should have an extensive background in
AP style and be familiar with those who
make up the leadership of Miami-Dade
County. Please submit your resume, a list
of references and salary history to the edi-
tor at kmcneir@miamitimesonline.com. No
phone inquiries please.

*. 4e$s

The Miami Times, the premier Black newspaper in
the Southeast is looking for a full-time news report-
er. Experience is a must as is the ability to hit the
ground running. As a weekly newspaper, our focus
is local news. Candidate should therefore be familiar
with the political, educational and business issues
that constitute South Florida in particular and the
State in general.

We are a family-owned, award-winning publication
with a small but dedicated staff. Hours can be long
but the rewards are many.

If interested, contact the senior editor, D. Kevin Mc-
Neir (kmcneir@miamitimesonline.com, and include
a letter of inquiry, three writing samples, a resume
and salary history. For additional questions, you may
write or call the editor at 305-694-6216.

.', : .______,'_b, -L. F _'LM A . : : :-C.
'T- - - -





Dolphins make questionable changes
The Miami Dol- is 35 and has been in just entrusted person
phins announced their his position for three who has never coached
coaching staff a few years. His team's of- the most important
days ago. Normally, fense was even worse position in sports with
this wouldn't be big than the Dolphins. directing the most im-
news and to a certain Still, many here were portant position in
extent it isn't. But a happy to see an end sports? That cannot
few things stood out to the bland offense be the best they could
to me and others when of 60-something-year- do. Sure Dorell was a
the coaching staff an- old Dan Henning. Next standout wide receiver
nouncements were we have Quarterback at UCLA but read that
made. First, the coach- Coach Karl Dorell again he was not a
ing staff is young, not who has 22 years as quarterback.
in age but in experi- an offensive coordina- Let's continue. At
ence. tor and wide receiv- least the Dolphins
Offensive Coordina- ers coach but none as made sense in hiring
tor Brian Daboll who a quarterback coach. former Gator standout
came from Cleveland Huh? The Dolphins and NFL Pro Ike Hill-

Allen West taking a stand on Florida issues

continued from 10D

DREAM Act (to allow
children of illegal im-
migrants to remain) or
any of this other pie-
in-the-sky stuff, you've
got to do those things."
"You've got a war
going on south of our
border. Beheadings.
Mass killings. Mexico
is starting to resemble
Iraq and Afghanistan.
And if we don't secure
the boarders and en-
force our laws, if we do
not make employment
verification mandatory

Light bill

going up

continued from 8D

I'm glad you guys
hashed it out on your
own," he said. "That's
the direction I'd like
to see this commission
going towards."
Florida adopted
measures in the past
few decades to al-
low utilities to charge
customers for certain
fixed costs without the
same level of scrutiny
that's applied when
companies want to
raise base rates. Utili-
ties in Florida aren't'
allowed to earn a
profit on the fuel fee
but can on other fees,
such as the conserva-
tion and environmen-
tal surcharges.
Groups that repre-
sent utility customers
can oppose some ex-
penses but they nego-
tiated with FPL behind
closed doors to strike
agreements this year.
The Florida Industrial
Power Users Group,
which represents
business customers,
opposes some of FPL's
fuel buying practices,
and the PSC plans to
review that issue sep-
"It looks as if things
are happening quick-
ly, but it's really a
culmination of a lot
of hard work and a
lot of material we've
all reviewed and staff
have worked hard on,"'
Commissioner Edu-
ardo Balbis said.
Graham, Balbis
and two other com-
missioners, Ron Bri-
s6 and Julie Brown,
were appointed by
Gov. Charlie Crist last
year and will be up for
confirmation by the
Senate this year. Gov.
Rick Scott has the op-
tion of replacing the
two newest commis-
sioners, Balbis and
Brown, but he hasn't
said whether he will
do that.
However, he made
streamlining regula-
tion a priority.

all across this country,
we will never be seri-
ous about tackling the
immigration problems
we have."

West believes that
politicians hijacked
Social Security by us-
ing its trust fund to
finance government
spending. And he
notes projections that
the program is headed
for insolvency in the
next few decades.
West said Congress
should consider fur-

their raising the eligi-
bility-age for full bene-
fits and possibly apply
a means test.
"Donald Trump is
not going to need So-
cial Security or Medi-
care in his life," he
said. "We need to
make sure that these
programs are targeted
to people who really
do need them, and not
just have a blanket
policy for everyone."

West opposes the ex-

tension of special un-
employment benefits
during this time of
extraordinary jobless-
ness, when Florida's
unemployment rate
rose to 12 percent. .
"I don't believe that
unemployment checks
are the means by
which you stimulate
the economy," he said.
"I would say instead
of extending unem-
ployment benefits for
another 13 months,
let's just extend them
through winter. We
should take care of
the American people

Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Act) and
subsequent regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD),
Miami-Dade County is required to submit a Substantial Amendment to the Consolidated Plan and
the 2010 Action Plan (Plan) to demonstrate how appropriated funding would be used based on the
Act and HUD Notice.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 appropriated $1 billion
for Neighborhood Stabilization Program funds, of which $970 million is available for assistance to
state and local governments for the redevelopment of abandoned and foreclosed homes. State and
local governments may use the funds for financial mechanisms such as down payment and closing
cost assistance to low- to moderate-income homebuyers; purchase and rehabilitate foreclosed and
abandoned homes and residential properties: development of land banks for future development;
demolition of blighted structures; and the redevelopment of vacant property. A portion of the funds
are available to HUD. Miami-Dade County has been allocated $20,036,303 in HUD Neighborhood
Stabilization Program 3 funds.
The Plan is required by HUD and represents an ongoing coordinated planning process with
involvement of county departments, local governments, including, affordable housing partners
and the residents of Miami-Dade County. The County plans to use target areas outlined in the
table below for all activities. This Plan also represents the activities that are currently underway
and partially funded. Due to these facts the County is proposing to make available funds to the
acquisition and rehabilitation of multi-family activity, demolition activity as well as the redevelopment
activity, with projects in or near Opa-locka, South Miami, Liberty City, Florida City and Brownsville.
The Amended Plan proposes the following shifts in funds:
EligibleActivityProp Budget CensusT'at

1 Acquisition/Rehabilitation
Multi-Family Rental


4.01,4.03, 4.04, 5.02, 5.03, 9.03,
10.04, 15.01, 1 5.02, 17,02,

2 Demolition of Blighted $200,000 113, 114,02, 76.02, 76.03, 4.01,
Structures 4.03,4.04, 5.02, 5.03
3 Redevelopment of Vacant $15.239,688 4.01, 4.03, 4.04, 5.02, 5.03, 9.03,
Properties 10.04, 15.01, 15.02, 17.02, 17.03,
Administration $2,003,630 NA
Total $20,036,303

The Plan includes Neighborhood Stabilization Program 3 (NSP3) funds only. The primary
objective of this HUD Program is the development of stable urban communities characterized by the
provision of decent housing, a suitable living environment, and expanding economic opportunities
for individuals/households having low, moderate and middle incomes. While the NSP3 Program's
intent is to principally benefit low-, moderate- and middle-income persons, each activity must
specifically address only one of the three (3) National Objectives: 1) to benefit low-, moderate- and
middle-income persons, at or below 120% of area median income.
The resources available will be allocated to address the target areas in the County within eligible
census tracks and block groups that can best demonstrate an impact and leverage these funds
to the greatest extent possible. The Planlists the activities for funding to address areas of
greatest need and is available at the Miami-Dade County Department of Housing and Community
Development (HCD). located at 701 NW 1st Court, Miami, FL 33136, 14th Floor, until Close of
Business February 14, 2011.
The Plan is also available on HCD's web site at the following address beginning January 31, 2011:
htto://www.miamidade.gov/ced/. HCD encourages residents of Miami-Dade County to express
their comments regarding the proposed Plan in writing to Rowena Crawford, Assistant Director,
Miami-Dade County Department of Housing and Community Development at 701 NW 1st Court,
14th floor, Overtown Transit Village Building, Miami, Florida 33136. Written comments on the Plan
must be received by and will be accepted until Close of Business Monday. February 14, 2011.
A meeting is scheduled for the Economic Development and Social Services Committee
of the Board of County Commissioners on February 9, 2011 at 9:30 am. The purpose
of this meeting is to give the committee an opportunity to consider this proposed Plan
Miami-Dade County provides equal access and equal opportunities in employment and does
not discriminate against persons with disabilities in its program or services. For material in an
alternate format, a sign-language interpreter or other accommodations, please call (786) 469-
2100, at least five days in advance.

Forleglasolingtoh :Hlg alad.mia e.g

through what may be
some very hard times
in the winter. Com-
ing into the spring, we
have got to come up
with the right kind of
economic policies that
spur growth."

West says cutting
business taxes and
red tape would lead
to jobs. That includes
cutting the corporate
tax rate from the cur-
rent top rate of 35 per-
cent to 22 percent.
Tax cuts would add
to the federal deficit,
but West said they
would spur growth in
the long run.
"We can have tax
cuts," he said. "But we
cannot have this ex-
orbitant growth of the
bureaucratic nanny

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iard to assist in coach-
ing the wide receivers,
a position he excelled
at on both levels. His
coaching experience
is young, with having
only coached with the
UFLs Florida Tuskers.
But the head coach
of the wide receivers
is Steve Bush, a 26-
year veteran and he
has never coached the
position for which he
was hired. In addition,
Jeff Nixon was recent-
ly hired as the team's
running backs coach.
You guessed he has
never coached on this
And then there's the
star of this coaching
class or at least the
one that .raised plen-
ty of eyebrows, Tony
Sprarano, Jr. who was
hired as the offensive
quality control coach,
which is essentially a

person who's respon-
sibility for breaking
down film of upcom-
ing opponents, scout-
ing those opponents
and acting as an as-
sistant during prac-
tices. I don't see this
as a big deal, because
if you look around the
league, nepotism is as
regular as Gatorade.
So what's the moral
of this story? The Dol-
phins have assembled
a new coaching staff.
That's all we can say
because when it comes
to the Dolphins, given
the skepticism sur-
rounding this team's
coaches, players and
front office, they just
have to get something
right. Don't they? Our
only hope is that they
make some good moves
in the draft and in free
agency otherwise,
we are doomed.



A public hearing will be held by the City Commission of the City of Miami, Flori-
da, on February 10, 2011 at 9:00 AM at City Hall, located at 3500 Pan American
Drive, Miami, Florida, for the purpose of considering the following resolution:

As required by Section 255.20, Florida Statutes, and in accordance with Sec-
tion 18-85 (a) of the City Code of the City of Miami, the City Commission of
. the City of Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida, will conduct a public hearing to
consider whether it is practical or advantageous and in the public's best inter-
est to waive competitive sealed bids in connection with environmental consult-
ing, assessment, and contamination cleanup services at a City of.Miami owned
property located at 6200 NW 17 Avenue in the City of Miami, FL. The recom-
mended contractor Cherokee Enterprises Incorporated is uniquely qualified to
continue'environmental investigation services and recommend and implement
a method of contamination cleanup services. Funding to cleanup the contami-
nation at 6200 NW 17 Ave is a combination of State of Florida Department of
Environmental Protection Funding and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) grant funding. A competitive bid process will jeopardize the ability to
cleanup 6200 NW 17 Ave within the EPA three (3) year Grant Funding Period.

The City Manager will present written findings to the City Commission which
shall contain reasons supporting the conclusion that competitive sealed bidding
is not practicable or advantageous to the City, in which findings must be ratified
and the contract award approved by an affirmative vote of four-fifths 4/5th of the
City Commission.

All interested parties are invited to appear and may be heard concerning this
item. Should any person desire to appeal any decision of the City Commission
with respect to any matter considered at this hearing, that person shall ensure
that a verbatim record of the proceedings is made, including all testimony and
evidence upon any appeal may be based (F.S. 286.0105).

In accordance with the American with Disabilities Act of 1990, persons need-
ing special accommodations to participate in this proceeding may contact the
Office of the City Clerk at (305) 250-5361 (voice) no later than two (2) business
days prior to the proceeding, or at (305) 250-5472 (TTY) no later than three (3)
business days prior to the proceeding.
Priscilla A. Thompson, CMC
(#14861) City Clerk