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Aide Seeks Help
of Supreme Court
50% of Minorities
Books as the
Clinton Funders Move to Obama
Several former major Clinton contributors have apparently shifted their
funds to the Obama camp, reports The New York Times. According to the
paper, campaign fundraising documents reveal that at least two dozen
people who had close ties to either of the Clinton administrations or cam-
paigns have put their money on candidate Barack Obama instead of the
other top contender, Hillary Clinton. This shift in backing is apparently
what pushed Obama to the top of the heap when it came to raising money
in the first quarter of the campaign, with a $5.7 million lead, and has
sparked speculation about divisions within the party. With a rollover of
$10 million from her Senate campaign, however, Clinton remains in the
lead in terms of total campaign bank.
Minorities More Likely to Die from Cancer
Researchers have observed that people of color in America are more
likely to get cancer and die from it than White Americans, according to
MSNBC. Scientists believe, however, that genetics and economics are
the likely causes for the trend, as was discussed at the annual meeting of
the American Association for Cancer Research on Sunday. These factors
play themselves out in terms of lack of health insurance, access to med-
ical care, and quality of medical care. "What is emerging now is a sci-
ence of health disparities biological factors, genetic factors that can
enhance the aggressiveness of cancer are being documented," said Carlos
Casiano, a professor in microbiology and molecular genetics at Loma
Linda University in California. Research presented at the meeting sug-
gests that African-American women, who currently are more likely to die
of breast cancer than White women, are genetically predisposed to a
more aggressive kind of breast cancer and to develop breast cancer at a
Auction of King Documents Called Off
ATLANTA -- A small collection of letters, notes and speeches once
believed to belong to Martin Luther King Jr. was taken off the auction
block last week amid protests from the civil rights leader's family.
The documents were set to be sold on at Gallery 63 on behalf of an
anonymous woman said to be King's childhood friend. The documents
were kept in a faded green folder for 40 years before trying to sell them.
"The papers need to be further evaluated before they go on the open
market," said Gallery owner Paul Brown.
A much larger collection of King documents was sold by Sotheby's New
York last summer for $32 million and is now owned by Morehouse
College, King's alma mater.
Gallery 63 promoted its collection as about 25 "previously unknown
documents" dating from the early to mid-1960s, and estimated they
would sell for as much as $400,000. Brown said the woman said she got
the papers in a debt settlement with now-defunct radio station WERD,
which broadcast upstairs from King's office at the Southern Christian
Leadership Conference. King co-founded the organization in 1957.
Farris said more than likely the gallery papers would join the collec-
tion already at Morehouse.
Georgia Legislature Says No to
C.S. King Portrait in the Capital
ATLANTA A bid to hang Coretta Scott King's portrait in the state
Capitol died in a legislative committee last week with the chief support-
er comparing the failure to Don Imus' slur against the Rutgers University
women's basketball team.
The resolution would have urged the Capitol Standards Arts Commission
to hang the portrait next to a picture of her late husband, Dr. Martin
Luther King, Jr., but the three-member House Special Rules Committee
declined to move the proposal forward Wednesday.
"It's another example of blatant disrespect for black women in 2007,"
said Rep Roberta Abdul-Salaam, a Democrat. "It's worse than what Don
Abdul-Salaam said she will ask Gov. Sonny Perdue to issue an executive
order to hang King's portrait in the Capitol. Perdue spokesman Dan
McLagan said Abdul-Salaam should direct her Rep. Calvin Hill, the com-
mittee's Republican chairman, called Abdul-Salaam's comments an
"Mrs. King certainly is a wonderful humanitarian ... but this is not a
museum," he said. "She deserves to be recognized, but perhaps not on the
grounds of the Capitol."
Middle School Bans 'Kaffir Boy'
San Francisco, CA An award-winning memoir about growing up poor
and black in apartheid-era South Africa was banned from an intermedi-
ate school after a parent complained about a two-paragraph scene of men
paying hungry boys for sex.
Superintendent Sonny Da Marto ordered an eighth-grade teacher to
stop using "Kaffir Boy" in her English classes even though a literature
review committee composed of parents, teachers, a librarian, a student
and a school board member approved the book.
"The kids were angry," said English teacher Amelia Ramos, whose four
classes were about halfway through the memoir when the superintendent
stopped them from reading it. "They were frustrated. They were
Da Marto told the Burlingame school board he would allow an abridged
version of "Kaffir Boy" to be taught, but that the paragraphs depicting
child prostitution were inappropriate for 13- and 14-year-olds. The
school board refused to reverse his decision.
The American Library Association included the "Kaffir Boy" on its list
of "Outstanding Books for the College Bound." The child rape scene also
gave the memoir the No. 31 spot on the association's list of the 100 most
frequently banned or challenged books.
hollywood and politics
Volume 21 No. 5 Jacksonville, Florida April 19-25, 2007
Report Reveals Black Men Trapped in Social Crisis
Citing bleak data on incarceration,
joblessness and AIDS, the National
Urban League's Annual State of
Black America revealed that prob-
lems facing black men represent
America's most serious social crisis
and proposed an aggressive cam-
paign to provide them with more
The 97-year-old black empower-
ment organization, in its annual
report, called for universal early-
childhood education, more second-
chance programs for school
dropouts and ex-offenders, and
expanded use of all-male schools
emphasizing mentoring and longer
According to the report, African-
American men are more than twice
as likely to be unemployed as white
males while earning 74 percent as
much per year. They are nearly
seven times more likely to be incar-
cerated, with average jail sentences
about 10 months longer than those
of white men, the report said.
In addition, it said, black males
between 15 and 34 are nine times
more likely to be killed by firearms
and nearly eight times as likely to
suffer from AIDS.
"I could rattle off the names of
African-American men who have
overcome the odds and have risen
to national prominence," said
Who's to Blame?
Shock Jock Spurs Much Needed Dialogue
on America's Disrespect of Black Women
Blasted shock jock Don Imus blames the hip hop community for leading the way toi his derogatory refer-
ence while rap icon Snoop Dogg (bottom) known to appear in person and videos with women on dog leash-
es says the 'ho's' he raps about are of a different breed than the young women Imus was referencing. mean-
while, women Black and white are spurred to defend themselves and discuss the past weeks events in any
By. Shari Logan
Offended, passive, forgiving, and
degraded are just some of the senti-
ments shared by Black women
around the nation after radio talk
show Don Imus called the Rutgers'
women's basketball team "nappy-
"As an intelligent man, he knew
that would be offensive", says
Tonya Henderson, a professor of
business communication at Howard
University. "He did not know any of
those girls or their activities off the
court. So why would he choose the
On April 5, Imus and his produc-
er Bernard McGuirk began talking
to sports commentator, Sid
Rosenberg, about the Women's
NCAA Championship game
between Tennessee and Rutgers.
According to MediaMatters.com,
which posted a transcript on its site,
the "Imus in the Morning" conver-
sation escalated until Imus said,
"That's some rough girls from
Rutgers. Man, they got tattoos...
Some hard-core hos," responded
"That's some nappy-headed hos
there. I'm gonna tell you that now,
man, that's some -- woo. And the
girls from Tennessee, they all look
cute, you know, so, like -- kinda
like -- I don't know,"
Urban League president Marc
Morial. "But for all the Barack
Obamas, Tony Dungys and Colin
Powells out there ... there are many
more black men who face very lim-
ited opportunities and diminished
It's not enough to have role mod-
els to give them hope," he added.
"We need a public commitment in -
Continued on page 3
It was the last straw. MSNBC
viewers, CBS radio listeners,
activists and activist organizations
called for the firing of Imus who
had become known for his racial
The day after, Imus apologized
for his comments. But, he was fired
from MSNBC. He met and apolo-
gized to the basketball team. But,
CBS also wiped out the show.
The fallout leaves Black women
discussing and debating not only
the Imus issue, but the portrayal of
Black women in day-to-day life.
Continued on page 5
Dying Legacy: Nine Teams Have 1 or Less AA Players
Major League Baseball marked
the 60th anniversary of Jackie
Robinson's breaking of the color
barrierlast weekend with much
fanfare. But as much as offering a
history lesson, the occasion has
focused a light on where the game
The Atlanta Braves don't have a
single African-American player.
Neither do the Houston Astros.
Seven teams have just one on the
African-Americans, who trans-
formed the major leagues in the
1950s and 1960s, are now more
scarce than whites in the NBA.
On Opening Day rosters, just 68 of
750 players were African-
American. That's 9.1 percent.
Factor in disabled lists and the fig-
ure was 8.4 percent.
Just 10 years ago, African-
Americans made up 17 percent of
big leaguers. In 1975, it was 27
The major leagues are actually
more diverse than ever, because
about a third of players are now for-
eign-born. But that can't hide the
fact that African-Americans are
turning their backs on the game in
ever increasing numbers.
Continued on page 3
Seattle Mariners players wear No. 42 jerseys in honor of Jackie
Robinson as they look out from the dugout before a baseball game
against the Texas Rangers, Sunday, April 15, 2007, in Seattle. From
left, are: Jason Ellison, Arthur Rhodes, Miguel Batista, Jose Lopez
and Adrian Beltre. Robinson broke the color barrier in Major League
Baseball 60 years ago, Sunday.
Tip of the
Pae M.PerysFrePrs Ari 9-5 20
The Look of Success: Good Grooming
Your visual "package" is as
important in the initial stages of
networking as all of that informa-
tion and talent wrapped up inside.
John Molloy, author of Dress for Success, writes that
90 percent of how you present yourself is visual.
Your appearance and demeanor communicate who
you are, your level of self-assurance, and your abili-
ty to interact.
Your ability to present yourself as a professional
determines whether or not people are drawn to you
or compelled to flee. Have you ever noticed how a
gathering gravitates away from those who are obvi-
ously out-of-place, while it tends to move toward
and surround those who shine?
There is nothing wrong with asserting your own
unique fashion sense, as long as you don't mind
being the topic of conversation rather than the leader
of it. A tip that I've heard often is that you should
dress for the position that you one day hope to attain.
That is pretty much what I began doing when I was
still ajanitor but wanted to be an executive. Sure, my
briefcase contained nothing more than The New
York Times, my dictionary, and a cheese sandwich,
but they didn't know that on the subway.
However, more than grooming and clothing goes
into your personal presentation:
- Your manners Your posture -Your eye contact
They all come into play. Networking events are out
of necessity quick hits--and smoking, drinking too
much, talking while you are eating, making sarcastic
comments, or displaying any other improper behav-
ior can leave a lasting bad impression.
Bottom Line: Relax and enjoy yourself at net-
working events. You'll never make a good impres-
sion if you are stressed out.
Be Prepared Disability Always Strikes Unexpectedly
By Jason Alderman
Studies have shown that
Americans of all ages are more
likely to become disabled in a
given year than to die, and nearly
a third are likely to suffer a serious
disability between 35 and 65.
People often buy life insurance to
protect their families, but it usually
only pays a benefit upon death.
Workers' compensation pays bene-
fits only if your disability is job-
related. And Social Security covers
severely disabled people, but quali-
fying is difficult and the benefits
paid are relatively small.
Bottom line: Should you become
seriously disabled and unable to
work, you could easily wipe out
your savings particularly if you
don't have a spouse or partner to
support you. Before you actually
need it, investigate what sorts of
disability coverage you already
have and what other options you
Many companies offer sick leave
and/or short-term disability cover-
age to reimburse employees during
brief periods of illness or injury.
Some also provide long-term dis-
ability (LTD) insurance that
replaces a percentage of pay for an
extended period of time. Check
with your Human Resources
department to see if you qualify for
INVITATION FOR BIDS
Security Operations Center
Dames Point Marine Terminal
JAXPORT Project D2006-01
JAXPORT Contract No. C-1169A
April 18, 2007
Sealed bids will be received by the Jacksonville Port Authority until
2:00 PM, local time, May 24, 2007, at which time they shall be opened
in the Public Meeting Room of the Port Central Office Building, 2831
Talleyrand Avenue, Jacksonville, Florida, for the construction of our
Security Operations Center. The single story 6,300 sq. ft. building will
be a combination of a central cladded steel superstructure and a series of
Intermodal Steel Building Units (commonly referred to as ISBU).
ISBUs are standard container units as used for shipping goods modified
to be part of the building structure.
All bids must be submitted in accordance with specifications and draw-
ings for Contract No. C1169A, which may be examined in, or obtained
from the Contract Administration, Procurement and Engineering
Services Department of the Jacksonville Port Authority, located on the
second floor of the Port Central Office Building, 2831 Talleyrand
Avenue, Jacksonville, Florida 32206. (Please telephone 904/357-3018
PRE-BID CONFERENCE WILL BE HELD ON May 8. 2007. AT
10:00 AM, IN THE PUBLIC MEETING ROOM, FIRST FLOOR
OF THE PORT CENTRAL OFFICE BUILDING LOCATED AT
ADDRESS STATED ABOVE ATTENDANCE BY A REPRESEN-
TATIVE OF EACH PROSPECTIVE BIDDER IS REQUIRED. A
BID WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED FORM ANY BIDDER WHO IS
NOT REPRESENTED AT SUCH CONFERENCE AND SITE
Bid and contract bonding are required.
Government funds are being utilized on this contract.
The DBE Participation Goal established for this project is 7%.
Manager Procurement and Inventory
Jacksonville Port Authority
John Carlo, Inc.
Currently accepting qualified individuals for the
HEAVY EQUIPMENT OPERATORS
v TRUCK DRIVERS
Submit resume by:
Fax (586) 226-7262.
E-mail to Job2@CarloCompanies.com
QUALIFIED MINORITIES AND WOMEN ARE
ENCOURAGEGED TO APPLY
Equal Opportunity Employer
any of these benefits.
Even if your employer provides
LTD, consider purchasing addition-
al coverage, since employer-pro-
vided plans usually replace only 40
to 65 percent of pay and it's consid-
ered taxable income. But be pre-
pared: LTD insurance can be
expensive, depending on plan fea-
tures, your age, and whether you
have preexisting conditions.
Ask if your employer's plan
allows you to buy supplemental
coverage (their rates are likely
cheaper) and check whether any
professional or trade organizations
you belong to offer group coverage.
A few LTD considerations:
Policies that pay benefits only if
you can't perform duties of your
OWN occupation are usually more
expensive than those that only pay
if you can't perform the duties of
ANY job for which you are reason-
The longer the waiting period
before you're eligible for benefits,
the lower the premium cost.
Some policies only pay benefits
for two years, while others provide
lifelong benefits most cover some-
where in between. The shorter the
term, the lower the cost.
I. "". :. "
How Much Do
by Michael G. Shinn, CFP
"I tell most people that they will
need to save enough to generate
80% of their current income for
retirement. They have to take into
consideration future inflation, taxes
and health care costs. Then we map
out a plan to get them there.
Unfortunately, most people don't
have a clue about how much they
will need financially to retire,"
comments Theron Cyrus, Wealth
Manager and CEO of Cyrus asset
How much money do you need to
retire comfortably? The answer is
not as daunting or as far out of
reach as it may seem. The most
common ways to get the answer are
to either work with a financial advi-
sor, such as Mr. Cyrus, or to do the
calculations yourself. Either way,
you are going to have to think about
your retirement plans and make
some realistic assumptions about
Thinking about you and your fam-
ily's future, answer the following
What is a realistic age for you to
retire? Think about your cur-
rent and future job situation,
your health and your desire to con-
tinue to work fulltime.
What is your longevity?
How many years do you estimate
that you will live in retire-
ment? Think about your parents,
siblings and family's longevity.
- What percentage of your current
income will you need in retire-
A lot will depend on how
active you are in retirement. Some
people plan on traveling, others
Need to Retire?
will do volunteer work and others
will work part-time.
What is your estimate of long
term inflation? Over the past
40 years inflation (CPI)
has averaged about 4.5%. Over the
past 5 years it has been in
the 2.5-3.5% range.
What is your estimate of your
future investment returns? Is
your investment risk tolerance
conservative, moderate, aggressive
or somewhere in between? Over
the past 70 years equities (stocks)
have averaged between 8-11%
What do You have Now?
What is the current value of assets
that can be designated for your
retirement plan? How much is
being contributed to them current-
ly? This would include the follow-
Employer retirement plans-
Look at your annual benefit state-
Defined Contribution plans such
as 401K and 403B.
Social Security- Look at your
Other Retirement Plans such as
IRA, SEP, and Keogh's.
Other Investments such as bro-
kerage and savings accounts real
If you work with a financial advi-
sor, the advisor can calculate an
estimate of your retirement income
and project whether you will
achieve your retirement goal. If
you do it yourself, there are a num-
ber of retirement calculators avail-
able on the web that can help with
your estimate. Consider looking at
www. money. cnn. com,
Overcoming a Shortfall
Overcoming a retirement income
shortfall can be done in several
ways. Each has its own benefits
-Extend your Retirement date-
This increases the number of years
of contributions and it
reduces the number of years
required to fund your ret i r e -
-Save and invest more- Increase
contributions to retirement plans
-Increase the investment return-
Depending on the retirement time
horizon, consider the use of asset
allocation to increase investment
Continue working- Consider
working part time during retire-
Lower the retirement income
needed- Consider options such as:
moving to a lower cost retire-
ment location; living in a less afflu-
ent neighborhood; alterna-
tive housing arrangements, etc.
Determining how much you need
to retire is the first step towards a
successful retirement. Without that
knowledge, there is strong possibil-
ity that you will not achieve your
retirement goal. If your financial
position is not where you want it to
be, you must take control and make
Michael G Shinn, CFP, Registered
Representative and Investment
Adviser Representative of and secu-
rities offered through Financial
Network Investment Corporation,
member SIPC. Visit www.shinnfi-
nancial.com for more information
or to send your comments or ques-
tions to shinnm@financialnet-
work.com. Michael G Shinn
YUR IM 0 N EY lTIR S
II, ^j ,,.Ii. ,, I M I iR,, JI
Fair Housing. It's not an option. It's the law.
April 19-25, 2007
Page 2 Ms. Perry's Free Press
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 3
Activist Says High Taxes
Hurt Poor Floridians Most
/*^Z .- ';
Having recognized that having
access to affordable communica-
tions services is critically impor-
tant to African American families
and communities, activist Vera
McIntyre is well known around
Florida for standing up and speak-
ing out about Black family issues.
Now, the legislative fight over
communications taxes has encour-
aged Ms. Mclntyre to speak out at
the State Capitol.
As the founder and chairwoman
for Communications Consumers
United, Vera McIntyre is telling
everyone she can that exorbitant
communications taxes have a
severe impact on African-
Continued from front
Obama, the Illinois senator who is
a top contender for the Democratic
presidential nomination, wrote the
"The crisis of the black male is
our crisis," he wrote. "It is in our
shared interest and in the interest of
every American to stop ignoring
these challenges and start finding
the solutions that will work."
On several key measurements, the
report found greater disparities
between black and white men than
between black and white women.
For example, it said unemploy-
ment for black men was 9.5 per-
cent, compared to 4 percent for
white men, while the jobless rate
for black women was 8.5 percent,
compared to 4.1 percent for white
In terms of annual median income,
black men earned less than 75 per-
cent of what white men did,
$34,443 vs. $46,807. Black women
made 87 percent of what white
women made even though they
earned $5,000 less than black men
- $29,588 a year.
The report did highlight a few
bright spots for blacks of both gen-
ders, for example in the improved
readiness level of children entering
However, the report cited a widen-
ing gap after elementary school as
blacks begin to fall behind on stan-
dardized tests. In fourth grade, the
report said, blacks perform at a
"The cell phone has become a
lifeline for many low income fam-
ilies. It is how we stay connected
and how we conduct business.
Today's mobile devices are power-
ful means of education and enter-
tainment. It must be accessible and
affordable" said Ms. McIntyre.
"Florida has the third highest com-
munications taxes in the nation
and Black families feel the brunt
of those taxes every time they buy
a cell phone, a ring tone, internet
access or some other communica-
United (CCU) is a not for profit
consumer advocacy organization
that focuses on identifying and
supporting policies that ensure
universal access to advanced com-
munications products and services
across the United States.
In the 2007 session," said
McIntyre, "One issue CCU will
focus on is the excessive and
regressive taxation of communica-
tions services. Black families must
have access to new communica-
tions services and those services
must be affordable to all Florida
residents." she said.
level of 87 percent of whites; by the
time they reach 12th grade, their
scores are at 74 percent of whites.
By high school, blacks are more
likely to drop out 15 percent
compared to 12 percent for whites.
For black males, the percentage
rises to 18 percent compared to 14
percent of white males.
The Urban League also recom-
mended increased federal support
for a summer jobs program in cities
nationwide, and stressed that any
overall progress will need a boost
For more information visit the
National Urban League Web site at
ROCK YOUR CAREER
Prudential's Financial Services Associate Program
Continued from front
"Baseball is considered a white
man's game," said Washington
Nationals first baseman Dimitri
Young. "In the 'hood, that just the
way it is."
Young will wear Robinson's
retired No. 42 today to honor the
pioneer's legacy. Many other play-
ers, and in some cases entire teams,
will do the same.
With hitting coach Terry
Pendleton the only African-
American on the Braves, Curacao
native Andruw Jones will don No.
42 today when Atlanta plays
Your Great Ideas
A firm believer that participation
by people outside government can
complement the work of city
employees, Mayor Peyton is
launching his Great Ideas Grow
Great Cities Web site on
www.coj.net, the City of
Ideas should focus on: the future
of Jacksonville and ways to make
our city better; encompass the
entire community and should sup-
port existing city functions and not
expand the role of government.
To volunteer an idea, visit the city
website at www.coj.net.
Taken a Step Backward
Florida at Turner Field.
The Braves have players of color
- Edgar Renteria, Rafael Soriano,
Jones. But they are all foreign
Atlanta's lack of an African-
American player drew the attention
of Minnesota Twins center fielder
"I'm tripping when I see teams
like Atlanta and Houston and not
having any black players," Hunter
told Bob Nightengale of USA
Today. "Atlanta? That's Chocolate
City. And no black players?"
But Braves general manager John
Schuerholz defends the situation,
pointing out the real problem. "The
reality is that there is a diminishing
number of African-American play-
ers at all levels," he said. "You go
where the talent leads you."
The Braves have all only one
African-American at Class AAA
Richmond veteran utilityman
Willie Harris who was born in
Robinson's hometown of Cairo.
There are two at Class AA
Mississippi outfielders Brandon
Jones and Josh Burrus.
"There are fewer and fewer play-
ers in the pipeline," said Chicago
White Sox's Ken Williams, the only
black general manager.
Major League Baseball has
begun several initiatives in recent
years in an attempt to get more
inner-city kids playing the game.
But it may be an uphill battle.
"There is a lot of catching up to
do," said New York Mets manager
Willie Randolph, one of two
"Baseball doesn't have the same
Jackie Robinson arrival with the
Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947 was
such a society-altering event
because baseball was truly the
Now football is the dominant
sport in the United States and bas-
ketball rules in the inner city. For
most youths, baseball is the third
choice at best.
The Braves were left without an
African-American when Brian
Jordan retired and Darryl Ward
signed with the Chicago Cubs as a
The only team with a roster that is
even 20 percent African-American
is Tampa Bay, which has five play-
Black Men Trapped in Social Crisis
Notice from Miami-Dade County Circuit Court
ATTENTION: Florida Smokers and Survivors
The Engle Class Action was filed in 1994 and went to trial against the tobacco industry in
July, 1998. HOWARD A. ENGLE, M.D., ETAL. (Plaintiffs) vs. R.J. REYNOLDS TOBACCO
CO., PHILIP MORRIS INC., BROWN & WILLIAMSON TOBACCO CORP. Individually
and as Successor to AMERICAN TOBACCO CO., LORILLARD TOBACCO CO.,
LORILLARD, INC., LIGGETT GROUP, INC., BROOKE GROUP HOLDING INC. f/k/a
BROOKE GROUP LTD., INC., COUNCIL FOR TOBACCO RESEARCH U.S.A. and
TOBACCO INSTITUTE (Defendants). (Case No. 94-08273 CA (22) Dade County Circuit
Court). After a two year trial and multiple appeals, the Florida Supreme Court has made the
following determinations that may affect your rights:
CLASS MEMBERS HAVE ONE YEAR FROM JANUARY 11, 2007 TO FILE INDI-
VIDUAL LAWSUITS FOR COMPENSATORYAND PUNITIVE DAMAGES BASED
ON BINDING FINDINGS FROM THE ENGLE TRIAL.
The Florida Supreme Court concluded that continued class action treatment is not feasible
for the remaining issues, (remaining issues being: individual legal causation, apportionment
of fault among the defendants, comparative fault, and damages). The parties disagree about
the issues remaining to be decided.
Class members can choose to file individual actions with the Court-approved findings set
forth below given binding effect in any subsequent action between individual class members
and the defendants:
Common Causation Findings:
Smoking cigarettes causes aortic aneurysm, bladder cancer, cerebrovascular disease, cervical
cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease, esophageal cancer,
kidney cancer, laryngeal cancer, lung cancer (specifically, adenocarcinoma, large cell
carcinoma, small cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma), complications of pregnancy,
oral cavity/tongue cancer, pancreatic cancer, peripheral vascular disease, pharyngeal cancer,
and stomach cancer.
Common Liability Findings:
(i) Nicotine in cigarettes is addictive; (ii) the defendants placed cigarettes on the market
that were defective and unreasonably dangerous; (iii) defendants concealed or omitted material
information not otherwise known or available knowing that the material was false or misleading
or failed to disclose a material fact concerning the health effects or addictive nature of smoking
cigarettes or both; (iv) defendants agreed to conceal or omit information regarding the health
effects of cigarettes or their addictive nature with the intention that smokers and the public
would rely on this information to their detriment; (v) all defendants sold or supplied cigarettes
that were defective; (vi) all defendants sold or supplied cigarettes that, at the time of sale or
supply, did not conform to representations of fact made by said defendants; and (vii) all
defendants were negligent. These findings in favor of the Engle Class can stand.
THE CUT-OFF DATE FOR CLASS MEMBERSHIP IS NOVEMBER 21,1996.
Class definition: All Florida citizens and residents, and their survivors, who have suffered,
presently suffer or who have died from disease and medical conditions caused by their addiction
to cigarettes that contain nicotine. The Class shall specifically exclude officers, directors and
agents of the Defendants.
The Florida Supreme Court cut-off date for class membership is November 21, 1996: A
smoking-related disease or medical condition must have first manifested itself on or before
November 21, 1996.
ANY CLASS MEMBER WHO WISHES TO FILE AN INDIVIDUAL LAWSUIT
SHOULD GET AN ATTORNEY AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
Class members should select an attorney of their choice or may request from Class Counsel
a list of Florida Attorneys who are handling individual lawsuits.
Stanley M. Rosenblatt, Esquire
Susan Rosenblatt, Esquire
66 West Flagler Street, 12th Floor
Miami, Florida 33130
BY ORDER OF JUDGE DAVID C. MILLER,
CIRCUIT COURT OF THE ELEVENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR MIAMI-
DADE COUNTY, FLORIDA.
Dated March 6, 2007.
Aprll JLL-10, Ltyty/
Jackie Robinson's widow Rachel (L) listens as Major League
Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig speaks before the National League
baseball game between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the San Diego
Padres in Los Angeles April 15, 2007. The Dodgers are celebrating the
60th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's Major League debut with the
club, which broke baseball's color barrier.
Ani 12 _19- 20nn
April 19-25, 2007
Pare 4 Ms. Perrv's Free Press
Imus Issue Not Important in the Range of African American Problems
Over years I have noticed that it
is easier to fight against people or
issues that are already getting a lot
of attention. It's much harder to
fight for a cause that is low key.
The Don Imus issue is certainly not
low key and has become the cata-
lyst for many black leaders to join
and fight together.
For those who have been under a
rock, Imus is the radio show host
who basically said that the women
who play for the University of New
Jersey Rutgers basketball team are
"nappy headed hoes."
Of course black folks and others
were up in arms at Imus's com-
ments, especially since he's a mid-
dle-aged white man and all. Let me
just state that I think that his com-
ments were out of hand and
showed a lack of respect for black
women and definitely can be con-
So I basically agree with most
folks who are mad about his com-
ments, but I have to agree with
Jason Whitlock who is a sports
writer for AOL who basically wrote
a column saying that "black lead-
ers" are directing their attentions to
the wrong issue.
Whitlock said that Imus has
given "Us (black people) an excuse
to avoid our real problem."
He goes on to add that Imus has
"Given Al Sharpton and Jesse
Jackson another opportunity to pre-
tend that the old fight, which is
now the safe and lucrative fight, is
still the most important fight in our
push for true economic and social
Whitlock's article was very
strong and rubbed many black folk
the wrong way. In fact, he is being
called a "sell out" by many African
But I view Whitlock's article and
views in a different way. His article
talks about the negative impacts
that Hip Hop music have left on
black culture and the economic and
social issues we should be focusing
on instead of Imus.
Again, you can't dispel his com-
ments, but Imus is a nobody in the
grand scheme of things. Shouldn't
we have gotten up in arms when
only 60 percent of African
Americans who were registered to
vote turned out for the last presi-
Or perhaps we should have been
alarmed at the fact that more black
men are in jail than in college?
Maybe the fact that African
American graduation rates from
high school continue to be low or
even that the infant mortality rate is
still worse for blacks than any other
Obviously, there are various
other issues that we could be get-
ting up in arms about, and I would
suggest that that was the point that
Whitlock was trying to make. Of
course he wasn't very tactful about
it, but most of his statement carried
a lot of merit.
Whitlock also said in this col-
umn, "We all know where the real
battleground is. We know that the
gangster rappers and their follow-
ers in the athletic world have far
bigger platforms to negatively
define us than some old white man
with a bad radio show."
He added, "There's no money and
lots of danger in that battle, so
Jesse and Al are going to sit it out."
History has shown that both Jesse
and Al seem to follow the cameras,
but they have certainly taken on
many worthwhile issues as well.
I don't know if war should be
waged against hip hop artist, but I
would certainly agree that enough
is enough. The glorification of vio-
lence and drug dealing must stop. I
listen to all forms of Hip Hop, from
up tempo dance tunes to gospel rap
and even some hard core rap.
I have watched, like many of you
have, the music evolve from hav-
ing simple beats and lyrics to con-
quering the music world and set-
ting the stage for world-wide fash-
ion and cultural trends. So the
genre has become bigger than
music, and so has its influence over
The Imus situation was a stupid
joke gone bad, but the state of our
communities and the images that
hip hop glories are real very real.
Hip Hop is as natural to our cul-
ture as Jazz and Blues.
But unlike Jazz and Blues, Hip
Hop's evolution has lead to a cul-
ture of young men who glorify
drug dealing and thuggin. Every
other rapper is talking about selling
drugs and violence in there rhymes.
It is one thing to come from a bad
environment and use your back-
ground as a reference in your
music, but to constantly glorify
violence, drugs and the degradation
of women is just wrong.
We have to not only look at the
outside forces that provide barriers
to blacks, but it is even more criti-
cal that we look within. It's hard to
look at the man in mirror some-
times, but it's extremely necessary.
In fact, many of the rappers who
glorify thug life have never sold a
drug in their lives. It's a business
for most of them, however many of
the youth who listen to their music
have become exactly what they
hear on the CDs they are buying.
Or better yet, many youth are try-
ing to emulate the image that many
hip hop artist attempt to portray.
And sometimes I feel that I get on
these tangents, but 1 want to reiter-
ate that the Imus issue is worth
being upset over, but there are cer-
tainly many, many more issues that
blacks should give more focus to.
Several months ago I wrote about
the show "Flavor of Love" and how
it was black exploitation at its best.
I have also written about the
affordable housing crisis that we
are facing in this city, state and
As real estate values increase,
while salaries remain steady it will
be awfully hard for many young
family and low to moderate income
families to afford new homes. I
could go on and on talking about
issues that are really important, and
I assure you Don Imus doesn't
make the list.
Signing off from www.black folk
we need to get more focused on the
The Growing Income Gap' Among the Fairy
Tales You'll Hear During This Election Season
by Joseph Phillips
As the presidential campaign
gathers steam, we will no doubt
hear a great deal about the growing
income inequality between the rich
and poor and the disappearance of
the middle class. Such rhetoric is,
of course, necessary when con-
structing a narrative of two worlds:
One rich and one poor.
Integral to this drama is the
unspoken assumption that there is a
finite amount of capital and that
those that have do so at the expense
of those that have not. This is a
myth contrived by political dema-
gogues and then cultivated by a
media that revels in reports about
the income gap. These reports
ignore the fact that the "haves" is
becoming an increasingly less
According to 2003 census figures
on household income, far from dis-
appearing, the middle class is actu-
ally getting richer. Fifteen percent
of households had pretax incomes
over $100,000. Another 29 percent
had incomes between $50,000 and
$100,000. In 1980, the figures were
6 percent and 29 percent respec-
tively. Here in Los Angeles, the
mean household income 'is more
that $66,000. It also remains true
that as one acquires education and
work experience, one also gains
greater ability to move from one
class to another.
But why report the good news
when there is so much more politi-
cal mileage to be gained by claim-
ing that the poor are destitute
because the rich have abundance?
The Los Angeles Daily News
recently profiled two Los Angeles
area men. Both are in their 30's,
live in the San Fernando Valley and
work on cars. One man, Paige
Rodriguez, owns a business cus-
tomizing classic automobiles for
high-end celebrity clients. The
other, Francisco Martinez, works at
a car wash.
The dogma of the income gap as
espoused by the likes of former
Rep. Richard Gephardt, who once
claimed that the wealthy were win-
ners in the lottery of life, holds that
Martinez is a victim of an increased
concentration of wealth among the
upper class. An alternate view is
that Rodriguez drives an "S" class
Mercedes because he has a skill
that is in high demand in the Los
Angeles market. No doubt if
Martinez learned a skill, his income
and his lifestyle would improve. It
is possible that both men could
cruise the Valley streets in luxury.
If the income gap is growing, it is
no doubt due to a corresponding
growth in the education and skills
gap. Of course, for the political
demagogues, it is much easier to
use mythology as a pretext to trans-
fer wealth than it is to attack the
educational model that is at the
heart of the problem.
Even during times of low unem-
ployment (the current rate is at a
five-year low of 4.4 percent), a
high school diploma is insufficient.
According to Peter Morici, busi-
ness professor at the University of
Maryland, "For high school gradu-
ates without specialized skills or
training, jobs offering good pay
and benefits remain tough to find."
He adds, "Historically, manufactur-
ing and construction offered work-
ers with only a high school educa-
tion the best pay, benefits and
opportunities for skill attainment
and advancement. Troubles in these
industries push ordinary workers
into retailing, hospitality and other
industries where pay often lags."
Coincidently, it is the categories
of manufacturing, construction and
hospitality that are the very sectors
flooded with illegal immigrant
labor. And it is no accident that in
the months to come, we will hear
dramatic recitations about income
inequality and not one word about
how our failure to control the bor-
ders contributes to it.
Rather than continue to construct
the fable of the greedy rich that
keep all the cookies for themselves,
it might be more beneficial to con-
pose a new, more dynamic tale.
This story would begin with
improving K-12 education,
renewed support of vocational edu-
cation in secondary schools and
curbs on illegal immigration.
That's a story worth listening to!
The question is, do any of the can-
didates have the courage to tell it.
Joseph C. Phillips is the author
of "He Talk Like a White Boy. "
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MAIL TO: JACKSONVILLE FREE PRESS
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S A people without a strong economic base will
always be a weak people and a weak people will
Always be a disrespected people Marcus Garvey
S by William Reed
It's a cause of concern among many Americans
that John Donald Imus, Jr. is just like 10 million African Americans, cur-
rently is out of a job. But, the 66-year-old former host to three million daily
listeners of Imus in the Morning probably won't be jawing around with
other high school drop-outs at the Unemployment Office. But in getting his
pink slip, The I-Man has gained a new respect for real Black Power.
The thing that baffles white society is how The I-Man got his pick slip.
An example of the views of many white Americans was said by Matt Lauer
on NBC's Today Show, when he lamented MSNBC's canceling Imus' syn-
dication: "NBC News caved to the pressure from advertisers like Proctor
and Gamble and GM and people like Reverend Sharpton". While
Reverends Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton were front and center in Lauer
and the media's minds, it was a new kind of Black Power that dumped Don.
An employee of CBS Corporation, Don Imus' fate was fashioned by
black board members. Imus syndication with MSNBC was cancelled due
to protestations from NBC's African American employees. Major adver-
tisers "caved in" on Imus because of the impact of their black executives
and board members. It's a new day and what NBC, CBS, GM, American
Express, et al "caved to" wasn't Sharpton, but a new "black power" pulling
strings inside the boardrooms that were not evident until now.
Bruce Gordon one of 13 board members ofViacom's CBS Corporation
- unlike the posture of blacks in such positions in the past Gordon, who
until recently was NAACP President and CEO, made his voice heard, say-
ing: "He's [Imus} crossed the line and violated our community. He needs
to face the consequence of that violation." Named by Fortune magazine in
2002 as one of its "50 Most Powerful Black Executives", Gordon was
Black Enterprise magazine's "1998 Executive of the Year."
Robert and Sheila Johnson, who gained prominence in CBS circles when
they sold BET to Viacom in 2000, urged CBC President Leslie Moonves to
"cut all ties" with Imus. Sheila Johnson, owner of the WNBA's
Washington Mystics, said: "I think what Imus has put a cloud over what
we've tried to do in promoting women's athletics". NBC's popular weath-
erman Al Roker wrote a commentary calling for cancellation of Imus'
show. National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ) President Bryan
Monroe, who is also vice president and editor director of Ebony and Jet
magazines, had urged Moonves "to take advantage of an opportunity to
take a stand against the coarsening of culture" long before Jackson and
Sharpton made the scene.
Sponsors such as GM, American Express, and Proctor & Gamble pulled
their advertising on advice of black executives and board members.
Roderick D. Gillum is vice president of Corporate Responsibility and
Diversity for General Motors Corporation. He is responsible for global cor-
porate social responsibility initiatives, which include community relations.
philanthropy, business ethics, and diversity management. Although
American Express continues to use celebrities in their ads. CEO and
Chairman Kenneth Chenault said "no" to Imus. Jonathan Rogers. Vice
President and CEO of the black-owned TV One net' ork. is a board mem-
ber of Proctor & Gamble the first company to pull the plug on Imus.
While white pundits and basic racists continue to complain about the tac-
tics of Reverends Jesse and Al, they are oblivious to the 800 pound goril-
las now calling shots .in many boardrooms. There are 200 African
Americans on corporate boards of directors. They hold 550 of the total of
3,800 such seats. Numerous blacks, such as Vernon Jordan, his wife,
Andrew Brimmer and former Congressmen such as William Gray and
Walter Massey sit on multiple corporate boards. When they learn to speak
up like Gordon and the Johnsons we'll see Black Power in \\a.s we've
never realized across a broad range of American consumer and social
ATOA UL M P W7 l b .uAP 5ZO0"fA
i I F R\ I I' 1 E
FLORIDA'S FIRST COAST QUALITY BLACK WEEKLY
RIBUTORS: Charles Griggs, Camilla Thompson, Reginald Fullwood,
thcinson, William Reed, Bruce Burwell, Phyllis Mack, Carlottra Guyton,
Burwell, Rhonda Silver, Maretta Latimer, Rahman Johnson, Headshots
nril 5 27 M e s e s
Rutgers women's basketball coach C. Vivian Stringer, center left,
accompanied by university President Richard McCormick, left, ath-
letic director Robert Mulcahy, right, and members of her team, talks
on the steps of the governor's mansion in Princeton Township, N.J.,
Rev. Jesse Jackson, accompanied by representatives of various
women's organizations, speaks at a news conference at the
Rainbow/PUSH Coalition headquarters in Chicago. Imus was fired by
CBS from the radio show that he has hosted for nearly 30 years.
After a spate of degrading remarks about black
people over the past several months -- from
comedian Michael Richards' racially charged
rant in a Los Angeles nightclub in November, to
Paris Hilton looking into a video camera and
saying that she and her sister, "We're like two
niggers!" to Newt Gingrich recently decrying
bilingual education as "living in the language of
the ghetto" Imus'seemingly offhand reference
during a riff with his producer Bernard
McGuirk, former Imus sports announcer Sid
Rosenberg and other staffers about the NCAA
women's championship game in which Rutgers
was the runner-up, has sparked a growing reac-
tion and calls for Imus' dismissal.
After Imus, Each One Teach One at the Core of Black America's
Continued from front
Henderson continues, "We just
celebrated the 30th anniversary of
'Roots' and we think we came a
long way but institutionalized
racism still exists.Is that how they
still view Blacks? As rough? And
Black women as hos? Despite what
those girls accomplished?"
Andrea Matthew, a student at St.
Francis College in Brooklyn, New
"People like him say those things
because they are racist. He was
standing next to a person that used
the term jigaboo. How old is that
word," Matthew says.
In the wake of Imus comments,
many people blamed the popularity
of Hip-Hop music and its usual
misogynist lyrics that make up the
songs for influencing Imus.
"It is nothing new," says Madelyn
Mitchell, a parking enforcement
official in Washington. Mitchell
says Hip-Hop is not the only genre
of music that degrades women,
from country to rock.
But, Alexis Logan says Blacks
too often adopt for themselves what
has been intended to be negative.
"We shouldn't claim those words
because that is not us," says Logan,
a first year law student at Howard.
"A'ho is a promiscuous woman, not
a promiscuous Black woman or a
promiscuous White woman."
Despite the fact that Hip-Hop
videos feature Black women in
scantly clad clothes in which they
respond to degrading names,
women must control how they
allow themselves to be degraded in
"I was taught to answer to noth-
ing other than my name," says
Matthew. "I honestly think these
girls did not get enough hugs while
they were growing up." Matthews
cites Karrine Steffans, the self-pro-
claimed' video vixen' who was
raped and abused as a child.
"When things like this happen to
people, they feel sub-human and
that's why they respond to a name
equivalent to a female dog."
Still the record industry makes
billions a year on recordings and
videos because people are buying
"The girls in the videos degrade
themselves for fast money," says
Wanda Henderson, owner of a com-
bined hair studio and barbershop.
"When I was growing up I never
thought of stripping or anything
that was disrespectful. So I got into
doing hair, these girls need to learn
a trade and go to school. There is a
way to make good money without
Not all Black women agree with
the furor over Imus.
One mother, 69, thinks the situa-
tion is being blown out of propor-
tion and that it is time to move on.
"We must forgive Imus," says
Georgia Weekes of New York City.
Weekes says that the Rev. Jesse
Jackson, one of the front men
behind the firing of Imus,made a
mistake and was forgiven. "When
he had a child outside of his mar-
riage, didn't his wife forgive him?
Weekes' daughter, Sandra
Wilkins, a mother of two daughters,
and a listener of Imus for about five
years agrees. "We must look at the
totality of the man."
"He is not a racist, he just says
insensitive things. When Hurricane
Katrina happened, Imus was on his
show collecting money and asked
politicians what were they doing,"
The Imus Cattle Ranch for Kids
with Cancer in Ribera, New Mexico
reportedly has a 10 percent African-
American population. Last week,
his annual telethon raised more than
$1 million for his ranch and four
other children charities.
An array of questions will remain
in the aftermath of the "Imus inci-
Now that he is off the radio, what
will happen? Will free-speech suf-
fer? Will women be respected more
in pop culture? Will rappers change
their language? Will rappers be held
to the same standard? Or in a month
- will America have forgotten that
this even happened?
It's time to take a stand," says
Henderson. "We don't need to sup-
port them any longer. These guys
have more talent and they need to
re-write the lyrics as if they were
speaking to their mothers."
.R ap Reali
It is a message that was spread-
ing even before Imus' comments.
After "Seinfeld" actor Michael
Richards was castigated for a racist
on-stage rant, the New York City
Council passed a symbolic resolu-
tion banning the n-word, and other
cities around the country have
passed similar measures.
Cultural critic, author and colum-
nist Stanley Crouch, a longtime foe
of rap music, suspected the Imus
ordeal would galvanize young
black women across the country. He
said a key moment was when the
Rutgers players appeared at a news
conference this week -- poised, dig-
nified and defying stereotypes seen
in rap videos and "dumb" comedies.
"When the public got to see these
women, what they were, it was kind
of shocking," Crouch said. "It made
accepting the denigration not quite
as comfortable as it had been for far
Some defenders of rap music and
hip-hop culture, such as the pio-
neering mogul Russell Simmons,
deny any connection between Imus
and hip-hop. They describe rap
lyrics as reflections of the violent,
drug-plagued, hopeless environ-
ments that many rappers come
from. Instead of criticizing rappers,
defenders say, critics should
improve their reality.
"Comparing Don Imus' language
with hip-hop artists' poetic expres-
sion is misguided and inaccurate
and feeds into a mindset that can be
a catalyst for unwarranted, rampant
censorship," Simmons said in a
The superstar rapper Snoop Dogg
also denied any connection to Imus.
"(Rappers) are not talking about no
collegiate basketball girls who have
made it to the next level in educa-
tion and sports," he told MTV.com.
"We're talking about hos that's in
the 'hood that ain't doing ---- that's
trying to get a n---- for his money."
Criticism of rap is nothing new --
it began soon after the music
emerged from New York City's
underclass more than 30 years ago.
In 1993, the rapper-turned-actor
Queen Latifah challenged rap's
misogyny in her hit song
"U.N.I.T.Y." That same year, C.
Delores Tucker, who was chair-
woman of the National Political
Congress of Black Women Inc., led
an organized movement -- which
included Congressional hearings --
condemning sexist and violent rap.
That same year, the Rev. Calvin
Butts of the Abyssinian Baptist
Church in Harlem drove a steam-
roller over a pile of tapes and CDs.
In 2004, students at Spelman
College, a black women's college in
Atlanta, became upset over rapper
Nelly's video for his song "Tip
Drill," in which he cavorts with
strippers and swipes a credit card
between one woman's buttocks.
The rapper wanted to hold a cam-
pus bone marrow drive for his ail-
ing sister, but students demanded he
first participate in a discussion
about the video's troubling images.
Monday, April 30
FCCJ Deerwood Center,
Rm. B 1204
991 I Old Baymeadows Road
Jacksonville, FL 32256
Tuesday, May I
First Coast African American
Chamber of Commerce
1725 Oakhurst Avenue
Jacksonville, FL 32209
(4:30 -6:30 p.m.)
Wednesday, May 2
FCCJ Kent Campus,
3939 Roosevelt Blvd.
Jacksonville, FL 32205
Thursday, May 3
Arlington Senior Center
1078 Rogero Road
Jacksonville, FL 3221 I
To update the community on the progress of JTA's Bus Rapid Transit
system Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) study.
This study will assess community and environmental impacts in
proposed transit corridors including possible right-of-way needs.
The meeting will be an open house where citizens can review and
discuss the study with staff, and provide input.
There will not be a formal presentation. Corridor maps highlighting the
conceptual alignments will be available for review.
Anyone requiring special accommodations should contact
Winova Hart at 630-3185 or email email@example.com no later than
Monday, April 23, 2007. Public participation is solicited without regard to
race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, disability, or familial status.
A ~SON ILLE TR'*r?,-WTN AiORI rY
100 North Myrtle Avenue, Jacksonville Florida 32203
Telephone: (904) 630-3185 Fax: (904) 630-3166 www.jtafla.com
SCHEDULE OF PUBLIC MEETING OF THE DUVAL COUNTY CANVASSING
BOARD FOR THE MAY 15, 2007 SECOND ELECTION
Thursday, April 26
Location: Election Center, 5200-2 Norwood Avenue
Schedule of Events: 9:30 am to 11:30 am
Public Logic and Accuracy Test of voting machines
Friday, May 11
Location: Election Center, 5200-2 Norwood Avenue
Schedule of Events: 9:00 am to 10:00 am
Public inspection of unopened absentee ballots received
prior to May 11
9:00 am to 10:00 am
Logic and Accuracy testing of voting machines
Opening and machine processing of absentee ballots
Saturday, May 12 through Tuesday, May 15
Location: Election Center, 5200-2 Norwood Avenue
Schedule of Events: 9:00 am to 10:00 am
Public inspection of unopened absentee ballots received
Friday, May 11 through Tuesday, May 15
Opening and machine processing of absentee ballots
Tuesday, May 15
Location: Election Center, 5200-2 Norwood Avenue
Schedule of Events: 7:00 pm
Tabulation and canvassing of precinct and absentee
Wednesday, May 16
Location: Election Center, 5200-2 Norwood Avenue
Schedule of Events: 9:00 am
Logic and Accuracy testing of voting machines
Tabulation of provisional and un-scanned ballots
Thursday, May 17 (if required) and thereafter until all provisional ballots
Location: Election Center, 5200-2 Norwood Avenue
Schedule of Events: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm
Verification and tabulation of provisional and un-scanned
"I. JERRY HOLLAND
SDUVAL COUNTY SUPERVISOR OF ELECTIONS
(904) 630-1414 www.duvalelections.com
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 5
Anril 19-25, 2007
Pae6-M.Prr' rePesApi 92,20
Jesus Christ Deliverance Center St. Paul Lutheran to Present N.S.
Invites All Churches to Witness Community Mass Choir April 20
The Jesus Christ Deliverance Center, 5933 Flicker Ave., C.C. Kyles,
Pastor, urges all churches to come magnify the Name of the Lord and to
bring their congregations, choirs and dance teams, for a high time in the
Lord at 7 p.m. on Sunday, April 29th the Community is welcome..
Greater New Mt. Moriah Missionary
Baptist to Present Gospel Jamboree
The Pastor's Aide Board of Greater New Mount Moriah Missionary
Baptist Church,. 1953 W. 9th Street, Dr. Percy Jackson Sr., Pastor; will
present "Gospel Jamboree 2007" at 6 p .m. on Saturday, April 28th. The
Inspirational Daughters of Joy, of Gainesville; the Memorial Missionary
Baptist Church Male Chorus, of Monticello, FL; Elder Robert Jackson &
The New Spirit Travelers, Golden Clouds and Sunny Rose Gospel Singers,
and more. For information, call (904) 713-9183.
Dr. Johnson is Speaker for "Old
Fashioned Tea" at Wayman Chapel
The Minnie L. Barnes Women's Missionary Society of Wayman Chapel
AME, Sanchez at Baymeadows Rd., Rev. Mark Griffin, Pastor; will spon-
sor a "Good Old Fashioned Tea" at 10 a.m. on Saturday, April 28th. Dr.
Tracheila Johnson will be the speaker.
A Luncheon and Fashion Show will feature the latest couture by Vonda's
Unique Accessories, and free Health Screening will also be available. For
ticket information, please call (904) 739-7500.
Judge Angela Cox to speak at
"Women of Excellence" at Hope Plaza
The Women's Ministry of First New Zion Missionary Baptist Church,
Rev. Dr. James B. Sampson, Pastor; will present Judge Angela Cox as the
speaker for the "Women of Excellence Luncheon" at 11 a.m. on Saturday,
April 28, 2007, at Hope Plaza, 6th Fl. Banquet Room. For reservations and
information, please call (904) 765-3111.
New Fountain Chapel Calling All
Leona Daniel's Day Participants
Plans for the 60th Anniversary Celebration of Leona Daniel's Day are
now in preparation. This celebration will take place on the Third Sunday
in May. Anyone who's been involved with the Leona Daniel's Day
Celebration from the beginning is asked to please call Fountain Chapel, at
358-2258, or Sister Eunice Harmon, at 354-3021, as soon as possible. Be
Saint Paul Lutheran Church, 2730 West Edgewood Avenue, Frank T.
Marshall, Pastor; will present the Northside Community Mass Choir in
Concert, Friday evening, April 20, 2007, at 7 p.m. The community is invit-
ed to the concert and to the 51 st Anniversary Service of Saint Paul Lutheran
Church, at 11 a.m. on Sunday, April 22, 2007.
Sword & Shield Kingdom to Celebrate
Church & Pastor Appreciation
The Sword and Shield Kingdom Outreach Ministry, the Father's House
Conference Center, 1820 Monument Road, Building 2; will hold their First
Church and Pastor Appreciation Day, at 3:45 p.m. on Sunday
April 22, 2007. The community is invited to attend this Spirit-filled
Worship Service and give thanks to Our Lord and Savior. Various
Churches, Pastors and Choirs from around the City will take part in this
Worship experience. Reverend Mattie W. Freeman, Founder/Pastor.
Singles Conference 2007
The Fellowship Of Consecrated United Singles invite the public to the
2007 singles Conference April 29-30,2007 held at the West Jacksonville
Church located at 3838 Firestone Road on the Westside. Guest Speaker will
be Sharon Riley of Orlando Fl. Workshops on Thursday & Friday begin at
6:30p.m. and Saturday at 10 a.m. For more information or to register, call
904-771-1866 ext 21 or email westjaxsingles @yahoo.com.
Mother/Daughter and Father/Son
Programs Planned at St. Vincent's
April 29, 2007 will be a special day at St. Vincent's Hospital, 1851 King
Street; when the Mother/Daughter (age 10-12) Program will be presented
from 1-4 p.m., and the Father/Son (12-14) Program will be presented from
5-8 p.m. These programs explore God's special gifts. For more information
and reservations, please call (904) 308-7474 or visit www.dcfl.org.
First New Zion Women's Ministry
Holds Women of Excellence Luncheon
The Women's Ministry of First New Zion Missionary Baptist Church,
Rev. Dr. James B. Sampson, Pastor; will present the "Women of Excellence
Luncheon" at 11 a.m. on Saturday, April 28, 2007, at the Hope Plaza, 6th
Floor Banquet Room. The guest speaker will be Judge Angela Cox.
The community is invited to enjoy great fellowship, fun and food in this
time of sharing. For reservations, call Debra at (904)765-3111.
St. James AME of O.P. Invites
all to Fish Fry and Family Day
St. James AME Church, 535 McIntosh Ave., Orange Park; Rev. Alesia
Scott Ford, Pastor; invites the community to their upcoming events.
A Community Fish Fry is set for Saturday, April 22nd, lla.m. to 3p.m.
and everyone is welcome. Family Fun and Friendly Games will be held on
Sunday, April 22nd, and everyone is welcome.
Evangelist Yvonne Lee of Riverside, California, will be the speaker for
the Missionary Day Observance at 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. on April 29th.
District 4 to Present Encouraging
Seniors at Genesis M. B. Church
District 4, Dea. Edwin Williams, Leader; Rev. Roger Thompson,
President; of Genesis Missionary Baptist Church, 241 South McDuffAve.,
Rev. Calvin O. Honors, Interim Pastor; will present "Encouraging Seniors"
at 4 p.m. on Sunday, April 28th.
Rev. Greg Williams of Midway Tabernacle Baptist Church, will bring
the Spoken Word; and the Midway Tabernacle Baptist Church Choir will
render the service in song. The community is invited.
Church of God in Christ to hold
"Pentecostal Explosion" May 8-12th
The Pentecostal District of the Florida Central 2nd Ecclesiastical
Jurisdiction of the Church of God in Christ, Elder W. R. Robinson,
Superintendent; Elder Edward Robinson Sr., Bishop; have announced the
"Pentecostal Explosion" Conference, Tuesday, May 8th thru Saturday, May
12, 2007; at the Southside COGIC, 2179 Emerson St.
Youth Night will open the conference on Tuesday, May 8th. There will
be choirs, dancers, steppers, and more. Pastor Cedric Johnson of the
Carpenter's House COGIC, will be the speaker.
Women's Day, Wednesday, May 9th will begin with Breakfast at 9:30
a.m., with Day Sessions from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Dr. Norbice Sellers of
Norfolk, Va. will be the Evening Speaker.
Superintendent's Night, Thursday, May 10th will begin with Session
from 10 a.m. to 12 noon. Dr. G. Bobby Hall, of Greater Hall Temple
COGIC, will be the evening speaker.
Bishop Edward Robinson Sr. will be the speaker on "Bishop's Night"
Friday, May 11th.
Family Fun Day will be held from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Saturday, May
12th, at the Spring Park Elementary School, Spring Park Road. There will
be Fun, Food and Games. Come to all events and be blessed!
IL --- ,- ,, ..... ,. ;. -%-.g i < .*
8:00 A.M. Early Morning Worship
9:30 a.m. Sunday School
11:00 a.m. Morning Worship
Tuesday Evening 7 p.m. Prayer Service
Wednesday Bible Study 6:30 7 p.m.
Mid-Week Worship 7 p.m.
Radio Weekly Broadcast WCGL 1360 AM
Sunday 2 PM 3 PM
**FREE TUTORING FOR YOUTH IN ENGLISH, SCIENCE,
HISTORY AND MATH EVERY TUESDAY 6:30 8 P.M.
(1-10 & Lane Avenue)
Sunday April 22nd
8:15 a.m. 10:45 a.m. 6:00 p.m.
Come Encounter God
* Jesus Still Works Miracles
Southwest Campus Clay County
Hwy 218, across from Wilkinson Jr. High
Habits of a Healthy Home Part V
"Vn-,, Tln-,, '+ iT f-,,,, Af ,, T'L,-,I"
I Iu J vu ron t V rruriiLt IVILY irnis!
Sunday School 9.45 a.m. Morning Worship 1045 a.m. Wednesday Night 7:30 1
Pastor and Mrs. Coad CampusTI ur-daus plm
Southwest Campus New St. Mary's Satellite Campus Thursdays at 7 p.m
5755 Ramona Blvd. Jacksonville, FL 32205 904-781-9393
Website: www.evangeltempleag.org Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
10:45 a.m. Service Interpretedfor Deaf @ Central Campus
Bethel Baptist Institutional Church
215 Bethel Baptist Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202 (904) 354-1464
7- ; .." ; ,..
Join us for our Weekly Services
Sunday Morning Worship
7:40 a.m. and 10:45 a.m.
The Word from the Sons
and Daughters of Bethel
3rd Sunday 3:30 p.m.
Wednesday Noon Service
"Miracle at Midday"
12 noon-1 p.m.
Dinner and Bible Study
at 5:00 p.m. 6:30 p.m.
Come share in Holy Communion on Ist Sunday at 4:50 lpm.
WCGL 1360 AM Thursday 8:15 -8:45 a.m.
AM 1400 Thursday 7:00 8:00 p.m.
WTLV Channel 12 Sunday's at 6:30 a.m.
Grace and Peace
5863 Moncrief Rd. Jacksonville, FL 32209 (904) 768-8800 FAX 764-3800
, 't ; 2''..
raE-.~ -- ---
Pastor Ernie Murray
Join Us for One of Our Services
Early Worship 8:00 a.m.
Sunday School 9:15 a.m.
Morning Worship 10:45 a.m.
1st Sunday 3:45 p.m.
Lord's Supper & Baptism
3rd Sunday 7:00 p.m.
Bible Study 7:00 p.m.
Noon Day Worship
Youth Church 7:00 p.m.
Th hrhThtRahsUpt eo ndOtt a
Seeking the lost for Christ
Matthew 28:19 20
Pastor Landon Williams
April 19-25, 2007
Paz~e 6 Ms. Perrv's Free Press
h. 'F~ .
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 7
Anril 1925. 2007
I *l^^wm iI Church of God In Christ Transitions
Another African Child for Madonna
Madonna holds David Banda in her arms as her daughter Lourdes
interact with David, Tuesday, April 17, 2007, at the Home of Hope
orphanage in Mchinji, Malawi .Children at the church-run Home of
Hope orphanage in Mchinji, a village near the Zambian border, sang and
recited lessons for the pop star, while her daughter, Lourdes, took video
The Church Of God In Christ Inc.
(COGIC) General Assembly
appointed Bishop Charles E. Blake
as the seventh Presiding Bishop of
the largest African-American
Pentecostal religious denomination
in the world. The announcement
was made at the Annual Call
Meeting of the Church of God In
Christ in Memphis. Tennessee.
Blake most recently served as the
First Assistant Presiding Bishop
under the leadership of Presiding
Bishop G. E. Patterson until his
passing in March. "What a wonder-
ful privilege to serve the Church
that has nurtured me from my
birth," said Blake. "I am a third
generation member of the Church
Of God In Christ. Standing on the
excellent foundation laid by my
predecessors, we aspire in this cen-
tennial year to reach unprecedented
levels of service to God, and the
people of the world."
As pastor of one of the largest
churches in the United States,
Blake serves as the leader of West
Angeles Church of God In Christ,
in Los Angeles, California with a
membership of more than 24,000
saints. He is the founder and presi-
dent of the Pan African Children's
Fund (PACF). Save Africa's
Children is a program of PACF that
FAMU's Opening Alumni Lecture Series Brings Hollywood
Movie Makers and a World-Renowned Artist to Tallahassee
Florida A&M University (FAMU) and Museum. His reproductions a
aduates who are making hit- .. sought after by galleries and colle
movies in Hollywood and reaching tors worldwide. His level
level of international acclaim in acclaim is reflected in the numb
e world of art will be the featured f, .,* i -. of prestigious collections in whi
eakers of the Inaugural his works are represented, mo
distinguished Alumni Lecture notable that of New York
ries, April 27, during the Metropolitan Museum of Ai
weekendd ofRededication (WORD) Anderson, Denmark, Hardy ar
spring Alumni Meeting. Packer will all receive tl
Graduates Greg Anderson, Rob Blockbuster graduates Greg Anderson, Rob Hardy and artist James Denmark Meritorious Achievement Awar
Hardy and Will Packer, the creative
minds behind this year's No. 1 box
office hit, "Stomp the Yard", will
speak at 10:30 a.m., April 27 in
Gaither Gymnasium. The three will
chronicle their career journeys-their
first movie was independently pro-
duced and distributed while they
were FAMU students-and discuss
their successes, challenges and
overall experiences in the movie
industry. "Stomp the Yard" reintro-
duced mainstream America to sev-
eral facets of African-American
college life, in particular the art of
stepping, or synchronized body
movements combined with singing,
will all participate in the lecture series.
chanting and verbal play. The
movie has heightened an interest in
stepping that crosses the culture
lines of today's younger generation.
Anderson, Hardy and Packer will
host the University's Step Show
Exhibition and Competition at 7
p.m., April 27 in Gaither
Anderson is co-writer of "Stomp
the Yard" and is president and co-
owner of Tri-Destined Films. He
spearheads several projects includ-
ing "Comedy Kids/Comedy Teens",
a stand-up comedy project featuring
child stars from Nickelodeon,
Disney, ABC Family, Fox Kids, and
several hit films including "Daddy
Day Care" and "The
Benchwarmers." Hardy and Packer,
director and producer, created
Rainforest Films in 1994. Their
success has blossomed with movies
such as "Trois", "Pandora's Box",
"The Gospel" and now "Stomp the
FAMU Graduate James Denmark
is world-famous for his collages,
water colors and woodcuts. He will
speak on "The Art of Collecting
Art", 2 p.m., April 27 at the FAMU
Black Archives Research Center
the highest presidential award at
FAMU-during the University's
Spring Commencement Exercises,
April 29 at the Tallahassee-Leon
County Civic Center.
"Parchment, Pen, Canvas and
Paint: A Celebration of Famous
Florida A&M University Authors
and Artists", is this year's theme of
WORD. In addition to highlighting
alum that have made significant
impact in film, publishing and the
visual arts, the University will also
recognize graduates who have left
their mark in such fields as educa-
tion, religion and sports.
currently provides support for over
350 orphan care programs within
21 countries serving over 100,000
children. Blake is married to Mae
Lawrence Blake and they have
three children and five grandchil-
Other appointments to the
Presidium, the governing board of
the Church, include First Assistant
Presiding Bishop J. N. Haynes
from Dallas, Texas, Second
Assistant Presiding Bishop W.A.
Brooks from Detroit, Michigan and
the twelfth member of the board is
Bishop E. J. Wright from Warren,
In November at the 100th Holy
Convocation, COGIC members
will come to Memphis to celebrate
the history and the future of the
denomination. Blake wants to
ensure that this year is a special one
for the membership. "We will
spend this year celebrating the glo-
rious past of our Church and
embracing a promising future,"
The Church Of God In Christ is
the fourth largest Protestant reli-
gious denomination in the United
States with an estimated member-
ship above 6.5 million members.
COGIC headquarters are located at
Mason Temple in Memphis,
NY Provides Security for
Sharpton After Threats
'' t .. police after the
--n, ,'? caller hung up,
i ; .Mr. King said.
'p th. Mr. King said
.A, that Mr.
Z 1.Z Sharpton began
.phone calls after
appeared on Mr.
Radio talk-show host Don Imus speaks with Rev. Al shwto apolo
show to apolo-
Sharpton during Sharpton's radio show, in New York,last g
week to apologize for his on air insensitive remarks.
a racist and sex-
NEW YORK The Rev. Al
Sharpton has been given police pro-
tection after receiving death threats
in response to his push to have Don
Imus fired for making offensive
remarks, the New York Police
The most disturbing call came dur-
ing Mr. Sharpton's radio show on
WLIB-AM, said Charlie King, act-
ing executive director of Mr.
Sharpton's National Action
"Someone called into the radio
program and said, 'I'm going to
hunt Reverend Sharpton down and
shoot him like an animal,' Mr.
King said. The call was not taken
live and was not played on the air,
but staff members notified the
ist remark about the Rutgers
University women's basketball
The number of threats escalated
until dozens were coming in by
week's end. The threats peaked on
Friday, Mr. King said, the day after
CBS canceled the "Imus in the
Morning" radio program, and two
days after Mr. Imus's TV simulcast
was dropped by MSNBC.
I n addition to the police protec-
tion, Mr. King said that Mr.
Sharpton had hired extra security,
but that neither the police nor Mr.
King would give details of the
Mr. King said that Mr. Sharpton
was concerned for his safety but
that he would not alter his schedule.
Pa_ 8 s er' rePrs pi 92,20
Is it Just a Headache or Something Else?
Although headaches are rarely life
threatening, they can make work
more difficult or take the enjoyment
out of your favorite leisure activity.
While painful and sometimes debil-
itating, the majority of headaches
encountered by sufferers do not
indicate a more serious problem.
With all the different headache
types and the variety of symptoms
out there, the National Headache
Foundation recommends seeing a
doctor as the first step in dealing
with persistent headaches. The
good news is that help is available
and treatment options are increas-
ing. Unfortunately, many headache
sufferers don't know about treat-
ment options, or fail to see a health-
care provider for diagnosis.
According to a recent American
Migraine Study II:
Fifty-two percent of the people
whose headaches fit the medical
definition of migraine remain undi-
agnosed. Nearly six out of 10 (57
percent) people with migraine con-
tinue to rely solely on general over-
the-counter pain relievers or on no
medications at all to relieve pain.
Migraine is misdiagnosed as
sinus or tension-type headache
almost as often as it is correctly
There is no single cause of
headaches. However, headaches are
legitimate neuro-biological disor-
ders. Science is rapidly progressing
to better understand the cause of
primary headaches. Armed with
more education about headache
types, their causes and available
treatments, people with headaches
no longer have to suffer needlessly.
78 percent of adults experience a
tension-type headache at some
point in their lives, making it the
most common. The pain is often
described as pressing or tightening,
of mild to moderate intensity and
occurs on both sides of the head.
There are two general classifica-
tions of tension-type headache:
episodic and chronic, differentiated
by frequency and severity.
Chronic tension-type headache
can be the result of anxiety or
depression. Changes in sleep pat-
terns or insomnia, early morning or
late day occurrence of headache,
feelings of guilt, weight loss, dizzi-
ness, poor concentration, ongoing
fatigue and nausea occur.
As common as tension-type
headaches are, the causes and
symptoms of these headaches are
more complicated and unique than
many might realize. Often people
do not seek medical attention when
they should because they assume
that the cause of their headache is
Migraine More than just a "bad
headache" migraine pain and asso-
ciated symptoms affect 29.5 million
Americans. Both men and women
experience migraines, although
women are three times as likely to
suffer from them.
Migraine is characterized by
throbbing head pain, usually Ion
one side of the head, often accom-
panied by nausea and sensitivity to
light and sound. Most migraine
occurs episodically; however, 10
million Americans have chronic
headache (15+ days per month).
Many of these people experienced
episodic migraine that evolved over
time to chronic migraine.
Many things may trigger a
migraine. Triggers may include
one or more of the following cate-
gories: diet, stress, environment,
odors/perfumes, emotions, medica-
tions and hormonal fluctuations.
With proper diagnosis and treat-
ment, migraine can be effectively
Cluster- There are an estimated
one million cluster headache suffer-
ers in the US; about 90% of these
sufferers are male. Cluster is one of
the least common types of
headache, and the cause is
Cluster headache refers to the
characteristic grouping or cluster-
ing of attacks. The headache peri-
ods can last several weeks or
months and then disappear for
months or years. Sufferers are gen-
erally affected in the spring or
autumn, and, due to their seasonal
nature, cluster headaches are often
mistakenly associated with aller-
With typical cluster headaches, the
pain is almost always one-sided,
usually localized behind the eye or
in the eye region and may radiate
on the same side to the face or neck.
The eye lid may droop and the sinus
become congested on the side of the
head where the pain occurs.
Cluster sufferers report that even
small amounts of alcohol or smok-
ing will precipitate an attack during
a cluster cycle but not during clus-
If you are experiencing headache
pain that affects your life, make an
appointment with your healthcare
provider specifically to discuss
your headache problem and seek
accurate diagnosis and treatment.
Ten Ways Senior Citizens Can Change
b\ Susan Owens
You get up ach\. stiff
and tired You check
the obiruarN listings to
s ee %\ ho
90Le i s
around. You meet with friends and
everyone complains about being
ignored by family, former business
associates, and the few friends that
are still around. Your opinions are
never taken seriously and you feel
your relatives are resenting you for
living too long and spending what
would have been their inheritance.
Sounds familiar and depressing,
doesn't it? It needn't be that way.
The examples cited are never going
away. But we can change, even
slightly, and prove to ourselves that
we are still vital and productive
seniors. Now is the time to update
our own personal ten command-
ments. Here are ten ways in which
senior citizens, or anybody, can
change for the better.
1. Get up and force yourself to
exercise every morning. Anything
that you do will make you feel both
mentally and physically better.
2. As long as you don't see your
own name in the obituary list, you
are better off than those who are
listed, and you can begin to chal-
lenge the new day.
3. Instead of always complain-
ing about your family, recall how
great they really are and
\\ hat the both of you have
achieved You should be
Sproud of them, but more
important, they should be
proud of you.
41 Your opinions and
f \ ie\ points are important to
o'u and you should not
be ashamed to
S" regardless of
Sand trying to
stay up with
5. Try traveling to see different
parts of this country as well as for-
eign countries. There are many
organizations that cater to seniors--
-Elderhostels, Tauck Tours,
Cruises, to name but a few.
6. Go to movies in the afternoon
(popcorn is free on Tuesday). For
hearing problems, look for foreign
films that have English subtitles.
7. Take chartered bus tours to
parks, museums, theatres, and casi-
nos. Take little money to the casi-
nos and always look for the free or
inexpensive buffets. The ride is
relaxing with beautiful scenery.
8. Check out books in the
libraries that have a big selection of
books in large print. The most cur-
rent fiction and non-fiction books
are now both in regular and large
9. Recognize and accept that you
are a senior. When driving your car
becomes dangerous, turn in your
license and keys before your chil-
dren start to pressure you.
10. You should always regard
yourself as number one. Your chil-
dren will respect you for your inde-
So get off you duff, and live each
day to the fullest. Enjoy your wife
or husband, find a friend, a partner
or, yes even a new spouse to share
your life. If you don't have one,
keep on looking, It is never too late.
OBSTETRICAL & GYNECOLOGICAL
& Gynecological Care
Comprehensive Pregnancy Care
Board Certified Laser Surgery
Family Planning Vaginal Surgery
Osteoporosis Menopausal Disorder W
Laparoscopy Menstrual Disorder
William L. Cody, M.D.
St. Vincent's Division IV B. Vereen Chithriki, M.D.
1820 Barrst Street, Suite 521
Jacksonville, FL 32204 4,.
www. nfobgyn. com
I have friends and loved ones suffering from
Alzheimer's. But I can imagine... and hope
for... a world without this terrible disease.
You can help make a difference. A major brain imaging study led by
the National Institutes of Health may help us learn how to slop Ine
progression of Alzheimer's.
Please consider joining the study if you are between 55 and 90 and
* are in good general health with no memory problems, OR
* are in good general health but have memory problems
or concerns, OR
* have a diagnosis of early Alzheimer's disease
For more information, call 1-800-438-4380
or visit www.alzheimers.org/imagine.
stopping the progression ofAlzheimer's disease
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE NEUROIMAGING INITIATIVE
"JirI, i I ,i pl J':J 'fdI
"Before You Tie The Knot"
Marriage Preparation Class Offered
A wedding is a day, but the relationship is forever. Before You Tie The
Knot, a marriage preparation class, is offered monthly at the Duval
County Cooperative Extension Office. The couple must attend togeth-
er to receive a certificate of completion.
The Extension classes fulfill the requirements of Florida Statute
741.0305 and 741.04, Marriage Preparation and Preservation Act, that
became effective Jan. 1, 1999. A $32.50 discount on the marriage
license is given to couples who have completed approved premarital
classes and the waiting period required upon applying for a license is
waived. The Extension classes have been approved by the Circuit
Court of Duval County for licenses issued in this county.
The next class will be held April 27, 2007, from 9:00-2:30. To get
a registration brochure, call Stephanie or Sandra at the Cooperative
Extension Office at 387-8855. Please note that if a religious ceremony
is planned, it is important that the couple contact their minister, priest,
or rabbi. Although the University of Florida Extension course fulfills
the state requirement, additional classes may be required by your reli-
Children's Commission Accepting
Summer Lunch Sponsor Apps
The Jacksonville Children's
Commission (JCC) is now accept-
ing applications from civic and
faith-based organizations interested
in serving summer lunches and
snacks to children 18 and younger
through its Summer Lunch
Program. This year's program
begins May 29 and ends August 17.
Potential Summer Lunch
Program site sponsors must apply
by Friday, April 27. Applications
are available by visiting the JCC's
Web site, www.jaxkids.net (click
on "Summer 2007") or by calling
To qualify as a Summer Lunch
Program sponsor, sites must be in
an area where there is a school with
at least 50 percent of its students
enrolled in the free and reduced
lunch program. Nutritionally bal-
anced meals will be provided to all
children regardless of race, color,
sex, disability, age, or national ori-
gin during summer vacation when
school breakfasts and lunches are
Each year, the JCC and the U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA)
partner to provide nutritious snacks
and lunches to more than 12,000
Duval County children each day at
no cost to parents through the
Summer Lunch Program.
Any Duval County child under
the age of 18 can receive a lunch by
visiting one of the Summer Lunch
sites across the city. A "Free Lunch
Served Here" banner is posted at
each site with the meal times indi-
cated. Children do not need to be
enrolled at the site (for example, if
it is a club, etc.) to receive a lunch
or snack they just need to show up
during meal times.
For more information, call the
Commission at (904) 630-6400.
Dr. Chester Aikens
305 E. Union St. Jacksonville, FL
For All Your Dental Needs
8:30 AM 5 PM
Saturday Appointments Available
& Medicaid Accepted
Charles E. m mmons, II, M.D.
Have 4yur newm or sick c'i.seen,
Mn ih e hosp i by if ei own DodaCf
Baptist-Wolfson Children's Hospital
St. Vincents-e moral & St. Lukes Hospital
Primary Care Hours:
9 A.M. to 5:30 P.M,. M-F
1771 Edgewood Arenue, W., Ste 1
Jacksonville, Florida 32208
April 19-25, 2007
Page 8 Ms. Perry's Free Press
AnI 192.20 s er' rePes-Pg
x -t->.. -
Evelyn Coke poses for a picture during an interview in New York, Coke spent
mdre than 20 years caring for the sick and infirm in their homes, work that
often pays no overtime and doesn't even require a minimum wage. Now in
failing health, Coke's challenge to the regulation is a test case in the Supreme
Court for the half a million workers in her industry, half of them African-
American or Hispanic.
Homecare Worker Seeks
Supreme Court Ruling for
Minority Dominated Field
NEW YORK Evelyn Coke
picked a tough line of work when
she came to America.
For more than 20 years, the
Jamaican immigrant bathed,
changed, and fed the elderly and
infirm, often staying with her
clients for days on end. Although
Coke liked helping people, she felt
she was being "robbed." No matter
how often she complained, she
says, she couldn't persuade her
employer to pay her for all the
hours she worked.
Now Coke, herself elderly and
infirm, is hoping for restitution. She
has sued her former employer in a
case that will be argued before the
Supreme Court on Monday and
could affect the livelihoods of the
nation's 1 million home care aides,
whose industry is exempt from hav-
ing to pay overtime.
Coke, 73, is challenging a 1975
Labor Department regulation that
exempts the industry from protec-
tions of the Fair Labor Standards
Act. The law requires payment of
"time and a half' for more than 40
hours of work in one week.
"I'm glad that it's come to every-
body's attention," Coke, who raised
five children on her own, said in an
interview Thursday at her home in
Queens. "People are supposed to
get paid when they work."
Ruling in Coke's favor, the 2nd
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
invalidated the Labor Department
rule, saying it is inconsistent with
congressional intent and other labor
Paying overtime would cost bil-
lions, the home care industry says.
In New York City, the annual cost
of the Medicaid-funded Personal
Care Services Program would rise
by at least $250 million if the
appeals court decision is allowed to
stand, the city says. The Personal
Care Services program pays 90 pri-
vate companies to send 60,000
home attendants to the homes of
low-income elderly and disabled.
Coke's former employer, Long
Island Care at Home Ltd., says it
would experience "tremendous and
unsustainable losses" if it had to
comply with federal overtime
The Bush administration and the
company that employed Coke are
aligned against her.
If Congress had wanted to apply
the law's wage and overtime provi-
sions to such workers, "it easily
could have done so," the Bush
administration said in papers filed
in the case. Instead, Congress
assigned the secretary of labor the
task of deciding the issue, the
By exempting home care workers
from overtime pay, the government
was trying to make the services
accessible to as many elderly and
disabled people as possible, accord-
ing to court papers filed in the case
by employers organizations.
Earnings for home care workers
"remain among the lowest in the
service industry," says the Bureau
of Labor Statistics, yet demand for
such workers is expected to
explode with the aging of the baby
The case is Long Island Care at
Home Ltd. v. Evelyn Coke, 06-593.
First National Black Symposium
for Black Doctorates in Miami
Time for NASCAR to Give Scott His Due
by Scott Jenkins
OK, NASCAR, it's your turn:
When's Wendell Scott day? And if
your first thought here is 'Wendell
who?', that's a pretty good indica-
tion that the racing community
needs to do a better job recognizing
the pioneering efforts of the first -
and only black man to win a race
in NASCAR's top series.
Sunday, major league baseball
honored the 60th anniversary of
Jackie Robinson's debut. League
officials retired Robinson's No. 42 a
decade ago, then unretired it so any
player who wanted to honor
Robinson could do so. About 200
players, coaches and managers did.
Now it's time for NASCAR to
honor Scott, who faced his own dif-
ficult journey in breaking down a
"Time has passed to pay tribute to
him," said Lowe's Motor Speedway
president H.A. "Humpy" Wheeler.
NASCAR has awarded scholar-
ships in Scott's name to minority
students with an interest in the rac-
ing industry, and Scott's son,
Wendell Jr., has served as a mentor
to drivers participating in
NASCAR's diversity program.
Wheeler said some tracks have
hosted their own tributes to Scott.
But where's the big-stage tribute
to the man who broke racing's racial
boundaries? NASCAR isn't ruling it
out, but it's not in the works yet.
Bill Lester, who last year became
the first black driver to compete in
NASCAR's top series in 20 years,
grew up watching Indy-style racing
and admits he didn't know much
about Scott when he came to
Since then, Lester has gotten to
know Scott's widow, Mary, and his
"I have gotten to gain a late
appreciation of (Scott)," Lester
said. "I can only imagine what it
would have been like to be in his
Scott, a taxi driver and auto
mechanic from rural Virginia, start-
ed racing cars in 1947, the same
year Robinson broke into baseball
with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Some estimates say he won more
than 200 races in the minor leagues.
Wheeler said when Scott competed
at Bowman-Gray Stadium during
segregation, the black grandstands
Scott finally broke into
NASCAR's top series, then called
Grand National, in 1961.
The true depth of his struggle for
respect in an overwhelmingly white
sport another black driver,
Charlie Scott, raced on the sands of
Daytona Beach in 1956 aren't
widely known; NASCAR wasn't in
the same media spotlight as base-
ball at the time and Scott wasn't one
"He was a very gentle person,"
said Wheeler, who got to know
Scott while selling racing tires for
Firestone. "He was very tenacious,
but he didn't show it. You could not
get the man down."
Racial issues aside, Wheeler was
most impressed by the fact that
Scott never got frustrated trying to
take on well-funded stars like
Richard Petty while racing on a
shoestring budget. Wheeler said
Scott "had to be a master of the
junkyard" just to make it to the
Scott only won once, but who
knows what he could have done in
a proper race car?
"Obviously, he wasn't close to
being as successful in racing as
Jackie Robinson was in baseball,"
Wheeler said. "Problem is, Jackie
didn't have to have a car. Wendell
Wheeler said he doesn't remem-
ber Scott being mistreated by fans
or competitors. In fact, some fellow
drivers helped him out by lending
him spare parts.
But even his victory didn't come
Scott clearly won the Dec. 1,
1963 race at Speedway Park in
Jacksonville, Fla., perhaps as
many as three laps ahead of second
place. But officials declared anoth-
er driver the winner, only later rec-
ognizing Scott as the winner and
Black Ph.D./Ed.D. Magazine
announces a National Black
Symposium on Black Doctorates.
The magazine's first Symposium
will be held June 8-10, 2007 at the
Hyatt Regency Miami in Miami,
The theme of the symposium will
be "Black Doctorates: Focusing on
a Vision" and will address the fol-
What should Black Doctorates
What should be the role of the
Black Doctorate in the following
areas: Education, Math/Science,
Business, Health, and Religion?
A banquet will be held on June 9th
at Florida Memorial University at
15800 NW 42nd Avenue in Miami,
Registration fee is $175.00 per
The symposium is open to all eth-
nicities. For more information, con-
tact Chantel Styles, Editor at black-
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Wendell Oliver Scott in this
1969 file photo. Scott is the first
- and only black man to win
a race in NASCAR's top series.
attributing the mix-up to a "scoring
But Scott endured, starting 495
career races and finishing in the top
10 in points three times. His career
came to an end after a crash at
Talladega Superspeedway in 1973.
Given America's fixation on
NASCAR already has missed out
on the chance to make a bigger deal
out of the 40th anniversary of
Scott's victory. That means
NASCAR could wait to throw a
heck of a party in 2013 for the 50th
anniversary of his victory.
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 9
April 19-25, 2007
Page 10 Ms. Perry's Free Press April 19-25, 2007
Discover Fashions is seeking plus
sized models and will hold audi-
tions Saturday, April 21st, from
10:00 AM to 12:00 noon at the
FUEL COFFEE HOUSE located
1037 Park St. (near) the Historic 5
Points. Please bring 5x7 headshot /
Fashion Kit. For details contact
Akia at (904) 200-5838 or (904)
On Saturday, April 21st, the
Jacksonville Genealogical Society
will hold their monthly meeting at
the Webb- Wesconnett Library,
located 6887 103rd St. Featured
speaker will be Mr. Jerry Spinks
whose presentation theme is the
Restoration of the James E. Merrill
House. For more information call
Mary Chancey at (904) 781-9300.
Youth & Old School
Calling all Trojans. The Ribault
High School Class of 1987 is spon-
soring a Youth & Old School
Basketball Game to support the stu-
dents. This event will be held on
Saturday April 21st at 6:00 PM in
the school gym. Marc Little will
be giving the play-by-play. For
more information contact Rudy
Jamison at 386-8926.
Check out the hottest, hippest, lat-
est and most artistic POW!
Jacksonville's Toastmasters group
is having an 'open' invitation on
Saturday, April 21st and May 19th,
from 10:30 AM until 12:30 PM at
the South Mandarin Regional
Library, on San Jose Blvd. You
don't have to be a POW member, all
are welcomed! For more informa-
tion visit http://powl00.com and
Clothes Give Away
The Jacksonville Local Organizing
Committee, Inc., for the Millions
More Movement will have a clothes
give away Saturday, April 21st,
from 11:00 AM until 5:00 PM. The
movement strives to stop violence
in the community through educa-
tion and not incarceration. Support
this life changing outreach to be
held at 916 N. Myrtle Ave. or visit
us at: www.jaxloc.com. For more
information call (904) 355-9395.
The Jacksonville Motherless
Daughters Group Gathering will
meet Sunday, April 22nd, at 3:30-
5:30 PM to offer encouragement
and support to one another, sharing
our challenges, talking about their
seasons of sorrow and how they got
through. The gathering will be held
at the South Mandarin Regional
Library, 12125 San Jose Blvd.
Eddie Griffin &
Adel Givens "Live"
Join mega comedians Eddie
Griffin and Adel Givens for an
evening of side splitting laughter
Sunday, April 22nd, at the Times
Union Center for Performing Arts.
For more information contact:
Ticketmaster.com or by calling
(904) 353-3309. The show starts at
FCCJ Drama Works
On April 19th through 22nd,
The Florida Community College at
Jacksonville Drama Works is
pleased to announce the Northeast
Florida premiere of the play "Good"
is coming to the FCCJ South
Campus, located 11901 Beach
Blvd. The play is set in Germany,
at a time when Hitler is just coming
into power. Unconsciously, a well-
meaning scholar is led into partici-
pating in the hell that follows. For
ticket information, times, and or
reservations call (9904) 646-2222.
Come and receive a wealth of
information on how to protect the
community in which you live, dur-
ing the Protecting Communities
Do you know someone who is constantly doing for oth-
ers or putting someone else's needs before their own? A
friend that goes beyond the norm? A tireless volunteer?
Nominate him or her for the Unsung Hero spotlight and
they could win a $50.00 Gift Certificate from Publix
Supermarkets and share their courageous and selfless sto-
ries with Jacksonville Free Press readers.
SEND INFORMATION TO: (904) 765-3803 Fax
UNSUNG HERO, C/O Jacksonville Free Press
P.O.Box 43580, Jacksonville, FL 32203
Brought to you by
The Jacksonville Free Press
Workshop to be held at the
Bethelite Christian Conference
Center on Arlington Expressway on
April 24th, from 6:00 to 8:00 PM.
For more information (904) 210-
Celebration of Service
On Wednesday, April 25th
Volunteer Jacksonville will present
a Celebration of Service, "Be the
Change- Volunteer" at The Times
Union Center of Performing Arts -
Moran Theatre. VIP Reception
5:30 p.m., ceremony begins at 7:00
p.m. To order tickets contact Linda
Patterson at 332-6767, ext 102, or
Celebration of Service
Celebration 2007 honoring
Community Trustees will honor
Bob Helms, Wachovia, Peter
Rummell, The St. Joe Company and
Madeline Scales-Taylor, Mayo
Clinic. The event will be held on
Thursday, April 26, 2007, at the
Prime F. Osborn Convention Center
from 6:15 p.m. 9:00 p.m. Master
of Ceremonies is Chamber of
Commerce President Wally Lee.
For tickets call 396-6263.
Junior Ranger Day
Jacksonville's National Park and
State Park will be celebrating
"Junior Ranger Day" on Saturday,
April 28th. A Timucuan Trail State
and National Parks Junior Ranger
badge can be earned when children
visit Kingsley Plantation, located
off Heckscher Dr. / AIA and
Ribualt Club and complete an activ-
ity booklet. For information and
scheduling call (904) 251-3537.
The Jax Children's
Join the Jacksonville Children's
Chorus will be holding their annual
Spring Concert on April 29th, at
6:00 PM in the Jacoby Symphony
Hall of the Times Union Center fro
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Performing Arts. Special guest
artist Retur2Zero will join concert
with its award winning a cappella
quartet from Orlando, FL.
Bow Wow "Price
Of Fame Tour"
On Sunday, April 29th, the
Jacksonville Memorial Arena will
feature Bow Wow's "Price of Fame
Tour." The star studded line up to
include Huey, Shay, Lloyd, 3-D,
The Crime Mob and Bow Wow.
Don't miss this electrifying concert.
For ticket information contact:
An Evening of Taste
An evening of fine wine, food and
good times benefiting Children's
Home Society of Florida will be
held at Matthew's of San Marco
Sunday, April 29 from 5:30 8 p.m.
Guests will delight in an intimate
setting with fine wine as they sam-
ple some of Chef Matthew
Medure's most exclusive menu
items. They can also bid on silent
auction packages while enjoying
the sounds of a harpist.
Due to space limitations, please
reserve your tickets. For more
information or tickets, contact
Nanette Vallejos at 493.7739.
Bobby Norfolk p
resents "Stories from
Around the World"
Myths, folktales, legends, poetry
and fairytales will be dramatized by
Bobby Norfolk in a one-man show
on Sunday, April 29th from 1:30-
2:30 PM at the Hicks Auditorium in
the Jacksonville (Main) Library.
This dazzling performance promis-
es to be a crowd pleasing favorite
for all ages. For more information
call (904) 630-1627.
Break! "The Urban
On Thursday, May 3rd, Break!
The Urban Funk Spectacular is
coming to the Florida Theatre.
Break, is the cutting edge, unortho-
dox dance at the dawn of the 20th
Century, specializing in break danc-
ing, locking, popping and power
tumbling. Show time 7:30 PM For
ticket information call (904) 355-
The Art of
Held the first Thursday of every
month, 7 p.m.The lobby of the Ritz
is transformed into a stage for poets
and poetry lovers of all ages. Show
off your own talent for verse, or
just come, listen and soak up the
creative atmosphere. The free art
forum will be held on Thursday,
May 3rd. Call 632-5555 for more
The next PRIDE Book Club
Meeting will be held on Friday,
May 4th to discuss "Third and A
Mile: The Trials and Triumphs of
the Black Quarterback" by William
Rhoden. For more information e-
First Friday Mixer
Join Jacksonville's largest social
and business networking group
JAXPARKS Holding Camp Registration
The city of Jacksonville Department of Parks, Recreation, entertainment,
Entertainment and Conservation- JaxParks will hold pre-registration April
19th, 20th, and 21st and general registration periods beginning April 27th
at 8:00 AM for summer camp programs. Applications accepted at 851 N.
Market Street. To qualify for pre registration the child must be returning
to the camp location from 2006. General registration is open to all inter-
ested participants on first come, first serve basis. Call Kristen Key at (904)
630-2709 for further details
Do You Have an Event for Aroud Town?
The Jacksonville Free Press is please to print your public serv-
ice announcements and coming events free of charge. news
deadline is Monday at 6 p.m. by the week you would like your
information to be printed. Information can be sent via email,
fax, brought into our office or mailed in. Please be sure to
include the 5W's who, what, when, where, why and you must
include a contact number.
Email JFreePress@aol.com Fax (904) 765-3803
Mail: Coming Events Jacksonville Free Press
903 W. Edgewood Ave. Jacksonville, FL 32203
Friday, May 4th from 6-9:00 PM
for the kick off of First Fridays
Remix each month at Tera Nova
(New World) located on the comer
of Philips Highway & Baymeadows
Rd. First Fridays will provide an
excellent environment for presenta-
tions, trade show exposure, net-
working and happy our fun. For
vendor, sponsor or reservation
information call (904) 962-7284.
Get in the swing of things at the
Comto Golf Tournament Saturday,
May 5th from 1:00 PM. Event
activities: Captains Choice Golf,
Clubhouse, games, lessons and
awards, and a bar-b-que lunch held
at the Deerfield Lakes Golf Course.
Contact Joe Trottie at (904) 632-
5543 for reservations.
Youth Fishing Derby
Hooked on fishing, not on drugs!
On Saturday, May 5th, from 9:00
AM until 12:00 noon Huguenot
Park (located on 3rd St. between
16th and 19th) Jacksonville Beach
is hosting a Youth Fishing Day.
Children must be accompanied by
adult. This care FREE day of fun
will include free admission, free
bait, free use of rod and tackle, free
goodie bag, raffle, prizes and more.
For more information call (904)
Linda Del Rio will emcee the
Families First Charity Luncheon
and Spring Fashion Show starring
local celebrities and other well
known personalities on Thursday,
May 10th, from noon until 1:30
PM at the Hyatt Regency on the
Jacksonville Riverfront. Proceeds
raised will help sponsor summer
camperships for125 children living
within the community. Fashion
notables include: Kimberly
McKissick, Bishop A.C.
Richardson, Michael Stewart and
Rhodesia Butler. For more infor-
mation call(904) 358-0891, ext. 10.
Annual Miracle on
The Annual Miracle on Ashley
Street, will be hosted this year by
actor Tommy Ford featuring
celebrity Chefs and Servers to ben-
efit the Clara White Mission. The
event is located at the Mission, 613
West Ashley Street. Have a buffet
gourmet lunch prepared by jack-
sonville's finest chefs. It will be
held May 18th, from 11:00 AM to
2:00 PM. For more information
call (904) 354-4162.
Dem. Blk Caucus of FL
25th State Convention
Join the Democratic Black Caucus
of Florida on May 18th-19th, as
they celebrate the 25th Annual State
Convention to be held at the
Holiday Inn at Jacksonville Airport
14670 Duval Rd. The theme:
"Democrats Attaining Self-
Empowerment through the Black
Caucus Experience. Keynote
Speaker will be Congresswoman
Corrine Brown. For more informa-
tion about the convention contact
Sandra Glover at (904) 757-2050 or
2007 Birthing Destiny
On May 18th-19th, Get ready to
hear a prophetic word from Gods
messenger, Dr. Cindy Trimm. The
conference will be held at the
Bethelite Christian Conference
Center on Arlington Rd. from 7:00
PM Friday, to 2:00 PM Saturday.
For more details call 1-(877)-642-
The COMTO Jax Bowl-A-Thon
2007 event is for all ages. It will be
held at Bowl America located
11141 Beach Blvd. on May 19th,
and will begin at 1:00 PM. This
activity is hosted by the Conference
of Minority Transportation Official
Jacksonville Chapter. There will be
door prizes and bowling team
awards. For more information con-
tact Endya M. Cummings at (904)
Links Old School Gala
The Bold City Chapter of Links,
Inc. will host their annual Old
School Gala on Saturday, May
19th at Alltell Stadium. The annual
dinner and dance includes costume
and prizes in a festive atmosphere
surrounded to the tunes of Motown.
For more information, contact any
Bold City Links member or give us
a call at the Free Press at 634-1993.
F 1'1 L) P Ti'l
Keep Your Memories for a Lifetime
- Special evwzts
Call "The Picture Lady" 874-0591
St t t tt t W
1^ ^ ^What to do from social, volunteer, political and sports activities to self enrichment and the civic scene
---ii, ---- -~--i- ,-------------,- -- ---------- --- ------ ------- ------------ --- c- ip-----ir-~ ----- -----, --
April 19-25, 2007
Page 10 Ms. Perry's Free Press
I : 1clf~, I ;...lrI cI i
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 11
Aoril 19-25. 2007
jacIk5OfliviI fe Press
Prp.Q. il ..q
Over the past year in celebration of our 20th Anniversary, we paid tribute to the many people, places and events, that have graced the Free Press pages. Though
our celebration is officially over, we received such overwhelming response to the "Flipping" page, we have decided to continue the page on a monthly basis as
we continue to share with you some of the many memories that have shaped our publication.
____- : .. .. 'F' '" .,
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Dr. Levi McIntosh awards the NAACP Lifetime Membership
Certificate to a new member.
Celebrating after the Bold City Classic are Wendy Henton, Hosts Terry Fields and Denise Lee, the late
Taye Brown, and Carlottra Guyton.
Sharon Quarterman shows off her
sassy silver outfit.
Attending the Annual NAACP Banquet Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Griffen
and Mr. & Mrs. Isiah Rumlin.
,: : *:~~ .
Rev. and Mrs. John Newman are congratulated by then State
Representative Tony Hill and Willye Dennis at a receptionin honor of
*: ,, ? ... ,
[:' .a~tY, f," ,...,' hi
Gertrude Peele awards a plaque to the late Ms. Lillie Rubin on behalf
of Zeta Phi Beta, Sorority.
Shown above at the Jacksonville Chapter 100 Black Men's 5th Annual Recognition
Banquet are Chapter President Marion Graham, Jr., Actor Charles Dutton and Banquet
Chair Doug Brown.
Celebrating at a surprise party in her honor are Antwaune Ponds,
Faye Johnson, Dominique Torrance and honoree Maretta Lattimer.
Eric Oliver and Marsha Oliver instilled the importance of communi-
ty involvement in their son Joel at an early age as they attend a circa
2000 building dedication.
Attorney Kim Nesmith and Adrian Noel chat it
up during a networking event.
Shown here at a networking event in this early 90's photo was then
Jacksonville General Counsel Fred Franklin, Ju'Coby Pittman and Al
Celebratory social couple Josephine Fiveashe-Porter and husband
Robert are all smiles at the annual FlaJax dance.
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_ ------- - _- ---
Page 12 ...M ..rr FrejP
Once Taboo Interracial Relationships Now Flourishing in the U.S.
Taye Diggs and Idina Mendel married after meeting as cast members
in the smash hit musical 'Rent.' They divorced in 2007.
The charisma king of the 2008
presidential field. The world's best
golfer. The captain of the New York
Yankees. Besides superstardom,
Barack Obama, Tiger Woods and
Derek Jeter have another common
bond: Each is the child of an inter-
For most of U.S. history, in most
communities, such unions were
It was only 40 years ago on
June 12, 1967 that the U.S.
Supreme Court knocked down a
Virginia statute barring whites from
marrying nonwhites. The decision
also overturned similar bans in 15
Since that landmark Loving v.
Virginia ruling, the number of inter-
racial marriages has soared; for
example, black-white marriages
increased from 65,000 in 1970 to
422,000 in 2005, according to
Census Bureau figures.
Stanford: 7 percent of couples
interracial couple was consid-
ered groundbreaking. The Supreme
Court ruled that Virginia could not
criminalize the marriage that
Richard Loving, a white, and his
black wife, Mildred, entered into
nine years earlier in Washington,
But what once seemed so radical
to many Americans is now com-
Many prominent blacks -
including Supreme Court Justice
Clarence Thomas, civil rights
leader Julian Bond and former U.S.
Sen. Carol Moseley Braun have
married whites. Well-known whites
who have married blacks include
former Defense Secretary William
Cohen and actor Robert DeNiro.
Last year, the Salvation Army
installed Israel Gaither as the first
black leader of its U.S. operations.
He and his wife, Eva, who is white,
wed in 1967 the first interracial
marriage between Salvation Army
Robert Deniro and his second wife, Grace Hightower, renewed their
vows in 2004. Deniro's first wife, actress Diahnne Abbott, is also black.
13 years as an interracial couple in
Kim, a white woman raised on
Cape Cod, met Al, who is black, in
1993 after she came to Jackson's
Tougaloo College to study history.
Together, they run Cool Al's a
popular hamburger restaurant -
while raising a 12-year-old son and
10-year-old daughter in the state
with the nation's lowest percentage
(0.7) of multiracial residents.
The children are homeschooled,
Kim said, because Jackson's
schools are largely divided along
racial lines and might not be com-
fortable for biracial children. She
said their family triggered a wave of
"white flight" when they moved
into a mostly white neighborhood
"We are sitting on a powder keg
of racism that's institutionalized in
our attitudes, our churches and our
culture," he said, "that's going to
destroy us if we don't undo it."
Sometimes, a blend
In many cases, interracial fami-
lies embody a mix of nationalities
as well as races. Michelle Cadeau,
born in Sweden, and her husband,
James, born in Haiti, are raising
their two sons as Americans in
racially diverse West Orange, N.J.,
while teaching them about all three
"I think the children of families
like ours will be able to make a dif-
ference in the world, and do things
we weren't able to do," Michelle
Tiger Woods married former Swedish model
They are expecting their first child.
four years ago "People were say-
ing to my kids, 'What are you doing
"Making friends here has been
really, really tough," Kim said. "I'll
go five years at a time with no white
friends at all."
Yet some of the worst friction has
been with her black in-laws. Kim
said they accused her of scheming
to take over the family business,
and there's been virtually no con-
tact for more than a year.
"Everything was race," Kim said.
"I was called 'the white devil."'
Her own parents in
Massachusetts have been support-
ive, Kim said, but she credited her
mother with foresight.
"She told me, 'Your life is going
to be harder because of this road
Cadeau said. "It's really important
to put all their cultures together, to
be aware of their roots, so they
grow up not just as Swedish or
Haitian or American, but as global
Meanwhile, though, there are
frustrations such as school forms
for 5-year-old Justin that provide no
option for him to be identified as
"I'm aware there are going to be
challenges," Michelle said.
"There's stuff that's been working
for a very long time in this country
that is not going to work anymore."
Ticking more than
one racial category
The boom in interracial marriages
forced the federal government to
change its procedures for the 2000
From the world of international politics, former Secretary General of
the United Nations Kofi Annan is married to Swedish lawyer Nane
Seal and Heidi Klum married in 2005. They have two children togeth-
er, while raising Klum's first child from a previous relationship.
31 percent for a couple of the same
In some categories of interracial
marriage, there are distinct gender-
related trends. More than twice as
Association about interracial cou-
Kenney recalled some tense
moments in 1993 when, soon after
they moved to Kutztown, a harasser
Cuba Gooding Jr. and his wife Sara are high school sweethearts who
lived together for seven years before they tied the knot.
Factoring in all racial combina-
tions, Stanford University sociolo-
gist Michael Rosenfeld calculates
that more than 7 percent of
America's 59 million married cou-
ples in 2005 were interracial, com-
pared to less than 2 percent in 1970.
Coupled with a steady flow of
immigrants from all parts of the
world, the surge of interracial mar-
riages and multiracial children is
producing a 21st century America
more diverse than ever, with the
potential to become less stratified
"The racial divide in the U.S. is a
fundamental divide. ... but when
you have the 'other' in your own
family, it's hard to think of them as
officers in the United States.
Opinion polls show overwhelm-
ing popular support, especially
among younger people, for interra-
That's not to say acceptance has
been universal. Interviews with
interracial couples from around the
country reveal varied challenges,
and opposition has lingered in some
Bob Jones University in South
Carolina only dropped its ban on
interracial dating in 2000; a year
later 40 percent of the voters object-
ed when Alabama became the last
state to remove a no-longer-
enforceable ban on interracial mar-
riages from its constitution.
Taunts and threats, including
Justice Clarence Thomas, only the second black to sit on the Supreme
Court, kisses his wife Virginia.
'other' anymore," Rosenfeld said.
"We see a blurring of the old lines,
and that has to be a good thing,
because the lines were artificial in
the first place."
From exotic to commonplace
The boundaries were still distinct
in 1967, a year when the Sidney
Poitier film "Guess Who's Coming
to Dinner" a comedy built
around parents' acceptance of an
cross burnings, still occur sporadi-
cally. In Cleveland, two white men
were sentenced to prison earlier this
year for harassment of an interracial
couple that included spreading liq-
uid mercury around their house.
Tough times for some multiracial
More often, though, the difficul-
ties are more nuanced, such as those
faced by Kim and Al Stamps during
Former Secretary of Defense William Cohen is married to Janet
Langhart, who is black.
you've chosen it's going to be
harder for your kids,"' Kim said.
"She was absolutely right."
Al Stamps said he is less sensitive
to disapproval than his wife, and
tries to be philosophical.
"I'm always cordial," he said.
"I'll wait to see how people react to
us. If I'm not wanted, I'll move on."
'In-your-face racism is pretty rare'
It's been easier, if not always
smooth, for other couples.
Major Cox, a black Alabamian,
and his white wife, Cincinnati-born
Margaret Meier, have lived on the
Cox family homestead in Smut Eye,
Ala., for more than 20 years, build-
ing a large circle of black and white
friends while encountering relative-
ly few hassles.
"I don't feel it, I don't see it," said
Cox, 66, when asked about racist
hostility. "I live a wonderful life as
a nonracial person."
Meier says she occasionally
detects some expressions of disap-
proval of their marriage, "but fla-
grant, in-your-face racism is pretty
Cox an Army veteran and for-
mer private detective who now
joins his wife in raising quarter
horses longs for a day when
racial lines in America break down.
census, allowing Americans for the
first time to identify themselves by
more than one racial category.
About 6.8 million described
themselves as multiracial 2.4
percent of the population adding
statistical fuel to the ongoing debate
over what race really means.
Kerry Ann Rockquemore, profes-
sor of African-American studies at
the University of Illinois-Chicago,
is the daughter of a black father and
white mother, and says she is asked
almost daily how she identifies her-
The surge in interracial marriage
comes at "a very awkward
moment" in America's long strug-
gle with racism, she says.
"We all want deeply and sincere-
ly to be beyond race, to live in a
world where race doesn't matter,
but we continue to see deep racial
disparities," Rockquemore said.
"For interracial families, the great
challenge is when the kids are going
to leave home and face a world that
is still very racialized."
Love can take its toll
The stresses on interracial couples
can take a toll. The National Center
for Health Statistics says their
chances of a breakup within 10
years are 41 percent, compared to
many black men marry white
women as vice versa, and about
three-fourths of white-Asian mar-
riages involve white men and Asian
C.N. Le, a Vietnamese-American
who teaches sociology at the
University of Massachusetts, says
the pattern has created some fric-
tion in Asian-American communi-
"Some of the men view the women
marrying whites as sellouts, and a
lot of Asian women say, 'Well, we
would want to date you more, but a
lot of you are sexist or patriarchal,"'
said Le, who attributes the friction
in part to gender stereotypes of
Asians that have been perpetuated
by American films and TV shows.
Kelley Kenney, a professor at
Kutztown University in
Pennsylvania, is among those who
have bucked the black-white gender
trend. A black woman, she has been
married since 1988 to a fellow aca-
demic of Irish-Italian descent, and
they have jointly offered programs
for the American Counseling
shattered their car window and
placed chocolate milk cartons on
their lawn. "It was very powerful to
see how the community rallied
around us," she said.
Kenney is well aware that some
blacks view interracial marriage as
a potential threat to black identity,
and she knows her two daughters,
now 15 and 11, will face questions
on how they identify themselves.
"For older folks in the black com-
munity," she said "it's a feeling of
not wanting people to forget where
they came from."
Yet some black intellectuals
embrace the surge in interracial
marriages and multiracial families;
among them is Harvard law profes-
sor Randall Kennedy, who
addressed the topic in his latest
book, "Interracial Intimacies: Sex,
Marriage, Identity, and Adoption."
"Malignant racial biases can and
do reside in interracial liaisons,"
Kennedy wrote. "But against the
tragic backdrop of American histo-
ry, the flowering of multiracial inti-
macy is a profoundly moving and
Superstar duo Iman and David Bowie tied the knot in 1992. They have
one child together, Alexandria Zahra Jones, now 6 years old.
April 19-25, 2007
Pa~e 12 Ms. Perry's Free Press
Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 13
-piII I / II
Essence Confirms Final Acts for Festival's Return
GODFATHER OF HIP HOP CALLS FOR CLOSED
Russell Simmons has called for a closed '
door meeting to discuss the current state of
National attention has once again turned
toward offensive and misogynistic rap lyrics
after Don Imus used the word "ho" to
describe members of the Rutgers University
women's basketball team. Many are calling
the recent firing of Imus a double standard, as
rappers have used the term for decades with-
According to Allhiphop.com, Simmons called a meeting for Wednesday
at the Manhattan home of music exec Lyor Cohen to discuss the future
of hip hop, and ways in which the genre can move forward in a positive
The meeting will include artists and executives who are involved in
the hip hop community, the Web site reports.
DEBBIE ALLEN ADOPTS AN ALL BLACK "CAT"
A Broadway revival of Tennessee
SWilliams' Cat on a Hot Tin Roof with an
all-African-American cast aims for an
) October start date despite suffering a little
Sbump in the road. Debbie Allen has just
S taken over directorial duties after Kenny
Leon, who had initially been attached (but
Si not officially signed on) is no longer with
the project. The show's producer, Stephen
Byrd, says that now offers are currently out
to Danny Glover for Big Daddy and
Thandie Newton for Maggie. Anika Noni
Rose of the film "Dreamgirls" has also been mentioned for Maggie,
reports Playbill News. Among the names discussed for Brick are Blair
Underwood and LL Cool J. Byrd had initially been in talks with Oscar
winner Forest Whitaker to play Big Daddy and Anthony Mackie to play
MIKE TYSON SELLS PHOENIX HOME FOR $2.3M
The rooftop pigeon coup had to go before a real estate agent agreed to
place Mike Tyson's home in Phoenix's Paradise Valley on the market.
The move appears to have worked in helping the curb appeal of the
7,700-square-foot property, which just sold for $2.3 million. The former
heavyweight champ purchased the home two years ago for $2.1 million.
Tyson has been tapped to shoot a promotional video for an upcoming
Bollywood film; and will face drug possession charges in a trial sched-
uled to take place August 20 in Maricopa County. Tyson was arrested on
Dec. 29 in Scottsdale and charged with felony drug possession charges
and two misdemeanor counts of driving under the influence of drugs.
JACKSONS MEMBERS BRING REALITY SHOW TO CBS
Reality show veterans Jermaine and --^ I
LaToya Jackson have joined forces with ., ,
their brother Tito to bring a new[ i .
"American ldol"-style competition to '
The three famous Jackson siblings are ,
behind "Pop Dynasty," which aims toljj -
find the next big superstar singing family.
Jermaine is one of the project's principal partners, while Jamie Foxx and
his longtime collaborators Marcus King and Greg Shelton will serve as
executive producers along with Triage Entertainment's Stu Schreiberg.
While the format of "Pop Dynasty" is still being ironed out, the show
is expected to include the standard performance elements, as families try
to demonstrate why they can be the next Jackson 5.
Superlounges" during the 2007
Essence Music Festival. Angie
Stone, Chuck D with Public
Enemy, Common, Kenny Latimore
and Chante Moore, Jermaine Paul,
Kindred, Lyfe Jennings, Najee,
Nuttin But Stringz, Pieces of a
Dream, Rachelle Ferrell, Rahsaan
Patterson, Rebirth Brass Band,
Ruben Studdard, Slum Village,
Sunshine Anderson and Will
Downing will all be performing in
the Superlounges as announced by
Superlounge acts perform for
smaller audiences within the
Louisiana Superdome simultane-
ously with the mainstage concerts.
In addition to watching the music,a
variety of vendors are selling culi-
nary treats. Forget the usual fare of
hotdogs and popcorn, the
Superlounge treats include every-
thing from jambalaya and alligator
sausage to collard greens and fried
Though the Superlounge acts are
scheduled, the big names are still
being named to the mainstage line-
up. So far, among those scheduled
to perform include, Ciara, Keith
Sweat, Frankie Beverly and Maze,
Mary J. Blige, Beyonce, Chris
Brown, Steve Harvey, Ludacris, the
O'Jays, Robin Thicke, Ne-Yo and
Remembering Actor Roscoe Lee Browne
Actor Roscoe Lee Browne, known
for his rich baritone voice and state-
ly demeanor, has died following a
long bout with cancer. He was 81.
An Emmy Award winner and
Tony nominee, Browne died last
week in a Beverly Hills hospital.
While Browne's career spanned
decades and encompassed every-
thing from classic theater to TV car-
toons, the actor was also a poet and
a former world-class athlete in the
sport of track-and-field. Browne
won a 1951 world championship in
the 800-yard dash.
Born May 2, 1925 in Woodbury,
N.J., the son of a Baptist minister
graduated from historically black
Lincoln University in
Pennsylvania, where he later
returned to teach comparative liter-
ature and French.
He was working as a wine sales-
man for an import company in 1956
when he decided to become a full-
time actor. That year, he starred in
the inaugural season of the New
York Shakespeare Festival in a pro
Jordan Divorce Costliest Ever
~- "" I-
%SF;i, ;I-~L?j:~~:'; i
No more smiles in the Jordan household for Michael and Juanita.
Divorce has its price -- and no is No. I on Forbes.corn's list of
celeb, it appears, knows that better "The 10 Most Expensive Celebrity
than Michael Jordan. The basket- Divorces."
ball superstar's split last December Juanita Jordan could possibly "get
from his wife of 17 years, Juanita, more than $150 million in a settle-
ment, making the Jordan divorce
the most expensive in entertainment
history," Forbes said.
Neil Diamond, whose 1995
divorce from Marcia Murphey cost
him an estimated $150 million,
holds second place.
Steven Spielberg comes in third
for paying his ex-wife Amy Irving
an estimated $100 million, which
was then half his fortune, when
they divorced in 1989. The Oscar-
winning director is now worth $3
Also making the list are estimated
settlements between Harrison Ford
and Melissa Mathison ($85 mil-
lion); Kevin Costner and Cindy
Silva ($80 million); Paul
McCartney and Heather Mills,
whose divorce could cost him more
than $60 million; James Cameron
and Linda Hamilton ($50 million);
Michael and Diandra Douglas ($45
million and two homes); Lionel and
Diane Richie ($20 million); and
Mick Jagger and Jerry Hall ($15 to
Forbes said they researched
divorces of the last 25 years in com-
piling the list, which was posted
Thursday on its Web site.
The results were also the subject of
a one-hour special on the E!
I ;, .. J:..
Roscoe Lee Browne
duction of Julius Caesar.
In 1961, he starred in an English-
language version of Jean Genet's
play The Blacks. Two years later, he
was The Narrator in a Broadway
production of The Ballad of the Sad
Cafe, a play by Edward Albee from
a novella by Carson McCullers. In a
front page article on the advances
made by blacks in the theater, the
New York Times noted that
Browne's understudy was white.
He won an Obie Award in 1965
for his role as a rebellious slave in
the off-Broadway Benito Cereno.
In movies, he was a spy in the
1969 Alfred Hitchcock feature
"Topaz" and a camp cook in 1972's
"The Cowboys," which starred
John Wayne. He also provided nar-
ration for the 1995 hit "Babe."
On the small screen, he is remem-
bered for his guest turn as a snob-
bish black lawyer trapped in an ele-
vator with bigot Archie Bunker in
an episode of the 1970s TV comedy
"All in the Family" and the butler
Saunders in the comedy "Soap." He
~on aIn Emmy in 1986 for a guest
role as Professor Foster on "The
Browne earned a Tony nomina-
tion for his 1992 Broadway role in
Two Trains Running, one of August
Wilson's acclaimed series of plays
on the black experience. It won the
Tony for best play.
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CASINO AND RESORT
S_ .$249 PP/DO
Fri-Sun on a chartered 747 from JIA
Call Casino Steve at 1-800-553-7773
* ')** 41. ,
In addition to the nightly packed
concerts, noted celebrities and
authorities participate in the
Empowerment Seminars through-
out the day at the Convention
Center such as Rev. Jesse Jackson
and actress/comedian Mo 'Nique.
The party will be non-stop at the
Louisiana Superdome from the
headlining performances on the
main stage to the suites of the
rhythm and blues filled "Essence
,~,~~~IIII1~~I---~ i-rr~- ~C
-.- I 01, mn,
April 19-25, 2007
Pno pi1 Ms. PFrrv Fre Press
P How much do
you "tip" the cable
company every month?
The answer may shock you.
.7:- ~ :i~t2 i~~f ..
Florida families could save serious money if they had a real choice.
How much could you save?
Cable prices have dropped 28 to 42% in places with real competition according to a
report from Bank of America Equity Research.*
Do the math that's an extra $20 a month on a $60 cable bill. It's like having to tip
the cable company for the privilege of not having a real choice.
Fortunately, that might change. The State Legislature is considering a proposal to
give you a new choice to traditional cable TV.
Tell your legislator you want a real choice.
r age 1,4 IrIN. I vily vI uAIa