The Jacksonville free press

Material Information

The Jacksonville free press
Running title:
Mrs. Perry's free press
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Rita Luffborough Perry
Creation Date:
February 9, 2006
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 58 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
African American newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
African Americans -- Newspapers -- Florida ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( marcgt )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )


Additional Physical Form:
Available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on optical disc from Ethnic newswatch.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 4, no. 36 (June 28, 1990)-
General Note:
"Florida's First Coast only quality Black weekly."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright The Jacksonville free press. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
002042477 ( ALEPH )
19095970 ( OCLC )
AKN0341 ( NOTIS )
sn 95007355 ( LCCN )
1081-3349 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Jacksonville advocate-free press


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

John Legend

Ready for His
Turn to

Shine in the


Page 13

Future of

King Center

Remains Up

in the Air
Page 11


Settles Race

Suit Against City
of Myrtle Beach
for Black Tourist
Page 9

Black History
Month is a Time
for Reflection So
Just How Far

in America?
Page 4

President of France Calls for Day of
National Recognition for Slavery
France's President Jacques Chirac is calling for the "indelible stain" of
slaver, to be remembered in a national day of commemoration on May
10, the day the French senate passed
a law recognizing slavery as a crime against humanity in 2001.
"The grandeur of a country, it is to assume all its history. With its glo-
rious pages, but also its more shady parts." said Chirac. in a speech
designed to address the racial tensions sparked by last )ear's riots.
If enacted, slavery's national day of commemoration would be the first
of its kind in Europe. In his speech. Chirac recalled France's role in ban-
ning slaver once in 1794, before it was reintroduced by Napoleon in
1802. only to be finally outlawed for good in 1848.
"The [French] Republic can be proud of the battles it has won against
this ignominy." he stated.

Harlem Boys Choir Loses Building
NEW YORK The founder of the Boys Choir of Harlem w\as turned
away from the world-renowned group's longtime home. a daN after a
city-imposed deadline for evicting the financially troubled choir from the
rent-free space.
The city had set a Jan. 31 eviction deadline, citing concern about the
choir's ongoing financial and management problems.
The Boys Choir of Harlem. founded with 20 bo. s in the basement of a
Harlem church in 1968. has performed at the \\Tiite House, at the United
Nations and for Pope John Paul 11. It has released albums and performed
on the soundtracks of the films "Jungle Fever," Malcolm X" and
The choir, however, is facing a debt of up to $5 million, and has laid off
much of the staff that \was supposed to provide counseling and musical
training to the school's 600-plus students.
The city hires the school's teachers and provides equipment and standard
academic curriculum. while the choir organization is responsible for
funding counselors, tutors, musical training and a mandatory summer

Warren Moon Makes History

in Election into Hall of Fame
Based on his football history. Warren Moon knew better than to expect
selection into the Pro Football Hall of Fame on Saturday in his first Near
of eligibility. Unlike most NTL players. Moon's journey included a jun-
ior college in Los Angeles and a stint in the Canadian Football League
before reaching the NFL.
The former Vikings quarterback Warren Moon -
was pleasantly surprised when he was one of the six
players chosen, especially on his first nomination.
Moon said his unusual career path made his selec-
tion all the more meaningful. He is the first undrafi-
ed quarterback to be elected into the Hall of Fame.
Respectful of the history of African-American
quarterbacks. Moon shared his selection with pred-
ecessors like Willie Thrower. Doug Williams and
James Harris. In fact. Moon said he cried when Williams won the Super
Bowvl MVP award.
"To be the first African-American quarterback into the Hall of Fame.
all African-American QBs who played before me should share in this."
Moon said. "The\ made strides o\er the years. I don't want to make this
a racial thing, because it shouldn't be, but it is significant because it s the
first, and w hene\er there is the first, it is significant.

N.C. Central Scrambles to Regain
Business School's Accreditation
Over a month after a deadline misstep cost North Carolina Central
University School of Business its accreditation and its dean, the univer-
sitr administration is expecting to be reaccredited sooner than originally
The school lost its accreditation from the Association of Collegiate
Business Schools and Programs when former dean Benjamin New house
failed to apply for reaccreditation on time. The school has started the
process of renewing accreditation.
According to Chancellor James H. Anmmons. it is expected to take less
than a Near for the school to renew its accreditation, instead of the 12 to
18 months the school had anticipated.
The administration plans to send students, parents and faculty a month-
ly update on the accreditation status.
B.B. King Willing to Give Up

Lucille for Return of Lost Pooch
B.B. King's dog, Lucille, has disappeared, and the legendary bluesman
is offering an autographed copy of one of his sig-
nature "Lucille" guitars in an effort to get her back.
The 2-year-old white female Maltese, named '.
after King's signature guitar, went missing about
10 days ago in West Hollywood while she was
under the care of his co-manager. Matthew
"We're not sure how she got out of the yard, perhaps a gate was ajar,"
Lieberman said in a statement.
"Canvassing nearby animal shelters and putting up some 500 signs
failed to turn up any trace of Lucille so the 80-year-old musician decid-
ed to offer a signed guitar as a rew ard.

Volume 20 No.3 Jacksonville, Florida February 9 15, 2006

AIDS Infection Rate Among Blacks on the Decline

by Sheree Stewart, BAW
Throughout the country this week,
as support groups and health educa-
tors observed National Black
HIV/AIDS Awareness Day with
programs and seminars to help
reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS,
results from a study by the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention
say that the number of black men
and women diagnosed with HIV
from 2001 to 2004 has declined.

Health educator Tommy Chan-
dler spends many of his free days
volunteering on the Duval
County Health Van providing
free and anonymous HIV testing.
Out of the several hundred tests
Chandler has personally per-
formed since January 1st, he
proudly states there has yet to be
one that came back positive.

Still the rate of HIV diagnosis
among blacks is more than eight
times the diagnosis rate of whites,

the report stated.
The rate of HIV diagnosis declined
6.8 percent annually among black
women and 4.4 percent annually
among black men, between 2001
and 2004, according to the report
led by Tonji Durant of the CDC.

"We want to raise awareness. For
those who find out they are posi-
tive, we want to get them into care.
For those who are negative, but are
involved in high-risk behavior, we
want to get them into prevention
programs so that they learn to keep

themselves safe," said Deborah
Levine of the National Black
Leadership Commission on AIDS.
"Unfortunately, there are too many
people out there who don't think
they are at risk."
Continued on Page 3

Unlike many who complain
about 'inner city' conditions, Osnald
Calizaire puts his money where his
mouth his. In an effort to ease the
conditions involving inner city chil-
dren, he has taken steps to do some-
thing about it. He donated a house
he owned at 2412 McMillan Street
to be used by the Better Living
Association to be utilized as a
Referral and Resource Service
Center, that also houses an
Emergency Food Pantry through
LSS Second Harvest Food Bank,
clothing, and networking services
t. meL the .'niTri'Llr ; i ecJd .
Most recently, he culminated a two
year effort to open the doors of the
Osnald Calizaire Sr. Youth
Empowerment Association Inc.
Cultural Arts & Education Com-
munity Center at 1010 Acorn Street.
The neighborhood came alive
with music, food, neighborhood
children, parents, and visitors,
including students from area
schools who joined the neighbor-
hood children in fun and games.
Unlike many who complain
about 'inner city' conditions, Osnald
Calizaire puts his money where his

Shown above in the inset is is Mr. Caslizaire and the new Community
Center located on Acorn Street. The center, located next door to an ele-
mentary school will first be opened from 5 8:30 p.m. daily for youth.

mouth his. In an effort to ease the
conditions involving inner city chil-
dren, he has taken steps to do some-
thing about it. He donated a house
he owned at 2412 McMillan Street
to be used by the Better Living
Association to be utilized as a
Referral and Resource Service
Center, that also houses an
Emergency Food Pantry through

LSS Second Harvest Food Bank,
clothing, and networking services
to meet the community's needs.
Most recently, he culminated a
two year effort to open the doors of
the Osnald Calizaire Sr. Youth
Empowerment Association Inc.
Cultural Arts & Education
Community Center at 1010 Acorn
Street. Continued on page 3

Jazmine McCoy ReceivesS

Girl Scouts' Highest Honor
Jazmine McCoy of Troop 323 A-
from Jacksonville recently earned n
the Girl Scout Gold Award. The
Girl Scout Gold Award, the highest sto. i-" Yi ots
..Americans perpetL6 ......c s-..
award in Girl Scouting, focuses on -s o e taerci.
TytoneonwhenRa hMtil cfVa
a 14- to 17-year-old Girl Scout's .. --,...-
interests and personal journey
through leadership skills, career Black United r.or.
fion, but agree Black Am C dl
explorations, self-improvement, r.ion te .co.::e
reflect ont- e .accomplis ents
and service. McCoy partnered with .- countless inveni.s andri to
the Ronald McDonald House for c "1 don't evenknow hdw in oy i
her Gold Award project. After s. "(een ho)Jh cal
meeting with the Ronald McDonald History.Month. Peple of bafic '
House staff, McCoy discovered a Ho n. P
-Limoe ha'a),other grup!.': i;% ._
need for crib sheets for the infant more than any other group." .
Carter G. Woodson's 1926 creation of.Je'
beds. McCoy helped fill that need 50 years later expanded. 16 tetioe .othA.
by sewing 50 infant crib sheets for Jazmine NMcCo) need for recognition of the NachievOxtntos
the Ronald McDonald House. "I Girl Scouts to use to help people in r- -
wanted to put the skills I learned in need," said McCoy.

Four Presidents Join Thousands for King Farewell

From left: Rev. Bernice King, Dexter Scott King, Yolanda King and Martin King III watchas their moth-
er's body leaves the church. U.S. President George W. Bush, first lady Laura Bush, former President Bill
Clinton, his wife U.S. Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY), former President George H.W. Bush and former
President Jimmy Carter attend funeral services for Coretta Scott King.
Coretta Scott King, the civil rights legacy of her slain husband, Martin known as the "first lady of the civil Bush, first lady Laura Bush and the
icon who died last week at age 78, Luther King Jr. rights movement" had become "one three former presidents, more than a
was eulogized today by a stream of Saying he had come to offer the of the most admired Americans." dozen U.S. senators and other dig-
dignitaries including four U.S. pres- sympathy of the nation, President An estimated 10,000 mourners nitaries from the worlds of politics,
idents, who hailed her courage and Bush told mourners at her funeral attended the funeral at the church civil rights, entertainment and liter-
quiet dignity as she carried on the service near Atlanta that the woman just east of Atlanta. In addition to ature attended the ceremony.

4 4 1


Osnald Calizaire Changing Jacksonville

Communities Through Vision and Sacrifice

-~Le-- I

u S. Po 'g,
n t 1*9 662

Page 2 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 2 8, 2006

Ra~ % w

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- "Copyrighted Material

Syndicated Content


Available from Commercial News Providers"

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should be storied in a separate. fire-
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Be sure that at least one person
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Proposals will be received by the Jacksonville Port Authority
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February 2 8, 2006

Page 2 Ms., Perry's Free Press


Q 6 -

Ms. Perry's Free Press -Page 3

e' r uary!f -5 ,

Do We Still Need a

Black History Month?

Shown above at the reception from Jacksonville are Frank Powell, Free Press Publisher Rita perry, Gov. Jeb Bush, EWC President Dr. Oswald
Brunson and EWC Vice President of Institutional Advancement Dr. James McClean. Shown right is scholarship winner Amir Kelley.

Governor's Annual Black History Reception

Honors Young Scholars, Awards Scholarships

Bush and First Lady Columba Bush
held their Annual Black History
Month Celebration earlier this week
at the Governor's Mansion. A high-
light of the event was the presenta-
tion of scholar-ships to the winners
of the 5th Annual Black History
Month essay contest for K-12 grade
students. The students essays were
focused on the theme, "What
Impact Has an African American
Athlete from Florida Had on My
"Columba and I are proud to join
Floridians in celebrating the contri-
butions of Florida's African
American athletes. Florida has been
home to some of the world's leg-
endary athletes, many of whom
fought for equality while excelling
in their sports" said Governor Bush.

Calizaire Center
Continued from front
The neighborhood came alive
with live music, food, neighbor-
hood children, parents, and visitors,
including students from area
schools who joined the neighbor-
hood children in fun and games.
The Health Department's
HIV/Aids van provided free testing
and units from the Fire and Rescue
Department were on hand to give
information about their services, in
addition to the Duval County
Sheriffs department. In addition,
adult vision and other health
screenings were available.
The Center, acquired through a
multi-year lease with the city with
the help of the City Council and the
City Recreation Department will
provide mentoring services for the
community through educational
growth, youth mentoring and
developmental projects.
"This Center will be very bene-
ficial to the surrounding communi-
ty and I hope it will attract the
youth in the area who desperately
need the services the center has to
offer." Said Councilman Reggie
Fullwood who was instrumental in
the Community Center deal.
"It's amazing the difference one
man can make in the lives of our
future." he said.

AIDS Decline
Continued from page 1
Studies show that the rate of
HIV/AIDS remains disproportion-
ately high among black teens and
heterosexual young adults.
Even before the latest statistics
were released, volunteer HIV
Health educator Tommy Chandler
remarked on the noticeable decline.
"We've been to several of what
the status quo sees as "urban" com-
munities this year and have yet to
find one out of hundreds tested
come back positive."says Chandler.
Black teens between the ages of
13 and 19 represented 15 percent of
the U.S. teens in 2001, but they
accounted for two-thirds of all new
AIDS cases among teens in that
year," Levine said.
"Too many people still think that
this is just a gay, white disease,"
Levine said. "They think if they are
not an IV drug user, and the man
they are kicking it with is not a
drug user, then they are not at risk."
The declining numbers of diag-
noses, although hopeful, Levine
maintians, are not a sign for blacks
to become complacent.
"There are not enough of us out
here educating people," she said.
"We must continue working to
make sure the community stays
healthy and that we bring aware-

"As we remember the past and cel-
ebrate the future," I applaud the
thousands of students who have
taken the time to enter this essay
contest each year and learn about
the contributions of Florida's
African American leaders."
One winner was selected in each
of three categories: elementary (K-
5), middle school (6-8), and high
school (9-12). Students were
awarded a four-year tuition scholar-
ship, sponsored by the Florida
Prepaid College Foundation, and a
personal computer, courtesy of
Hayes Computer Systems. The
scholarships can be used at any
Florida college, university or com-
munity college providing students
meet the admission requirements.
The runner-ups received prizes
courtesy of Best Buy.
Scholarship winners were:
Amir Kelker, 10, of Milton; fifth
grade student His essay was his
cousin, Clifford Larkins, who play-

ed baseball in the Negro Baseball
Leagues. The essay relayed the
vivid history of the climb by Larkin
through the black teams. A dream
come true for Larkins, who was rec-
ognized as the best catcher in
Florida, was to play for the Detroit
Stars. Born in Milton, in 1914, he
died on the ball diamond when hit
by a line drive ball, July 3, 1937;
Chaniqua Rembert, an eighth
grade student at Meadowlawn Mid-
dle School in St. Petersburg, wrote
about her mother, Cynthia Harris,
who was cited in USA Today as one
of the top five (#3) points guards in
the U.S. She was recruited by Div. I
schools, and attended Community
College and Clark Atlanta
Lashana Jarnett Weaver, 12th
grade student at Lehigh Acres High
School, selected football great
Deion Sanders as her subject, who
she says made a positive influence
on her life.

She cited how both of them came
from the same impoverished envi-
ronment, saturated with drugs, alco-
hol, prostitution, homicides, teen
pregnancies, and high school
dropouts. But, that Sanders chose
not to conform to the environment
and became one of the best football
players of all time, despite losing
his father, grandmothers and step-
father, circumstances also endured
by Lashana.
The Florida A&M University
Gospel Choir performed at the
scholarship presentation. Afterward
guests enjoyed heavy hor'deuvres,
and the opportunity to view the
Hughie Lee-Smith Art Exhibit,
which was loaned to the Governor's
Mansion by the June Kelley Gallery
in New York.
For more information about the
Governor and First Lady's Black
History Month activities, programs
or to view the winning essays, visit

Continued from front
Woodson chose February because
many prominent Black figures had
birthdays during the short month,
said WVON-AM/1450 morning
drive host Cliff Kelley.
Negro History Week turned into
Black History Month in 1976
when Blacks became more inter-
ested in their heritage after Alex
Haley's miniseries "Roots" aired.
Though only 28 days, many
believe the annual celebration is
still necessary.
' 'We need it because unfortunate-
ly the people who write history for
the country have a different ver-
sion of history than we have,"
Kelley said. "You know the old
saying 'history is his story?' We as
African-Americans have been
written out of it."
Without Black History Month,
many wouldn't know that mostly
slaves built the nation's capitol or
that the Union Army would not
have won the Civil War without
African-Americans in its regi-
ments. Many may not even realize
that some "misguided" Blacks
even fought on the Confederates
side during the Civil War, Kelley
Many WVON on-air personali-
ties, including Kelley, are bom-
barded with requests to appear at
special forums and events in
February. Kelley said he's more
than happy to oblige as long as it's
informing and educating the mass-

"Black History Month is really
needed, however, because unfortu-
nately, many of our young people,
and some of our older ones, think
their history begins and ends with
slavery," Kelly said.
Northwestern University's
Darlene Hine said Black history is
vital to American history.
"No one believes that a month is
sufficient enough to fully explore
the lives and experiences of
African-Americans," said Hine,
professor of African-American
and African-American Women's
History. "But it is absolutely
essential for the country to contin-
ue teaching and training scholars
to explore, invest and write about
the contributions of people of
African-American descent have
made to the creation of American
State Rep. David Miller (D-
Calumet City) said Freeman was
right to say Black history should
be recognized year round, but
added the importance and necessi-
ty of Black History Month has not
diminished since Woodson's
Negro History Week 80 years ago.
"We've shaped America. To put
special emphasis on this month is
not an excuse not to celebrate the
legacy 365 days a year," Miller
said. "It's the way in which we can
continue to remind youth of our
Theappreciation of the contribu
tions of Black Americans should
not end on Feb. 28, Miller said.


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Fb 9 15 2006

Page 4 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 9 15, 2006

Have We As a Society Failed the Homeless?

by Kimberly Wilson
A hard truth about homelessness
in American smacked me in the
nose. Literally.
The day had started out great. As
soon as I stepped aboard my bus,
however, the good feelings evapo-
rated like dew in the morning sun.
The bus driver, normally a jovial,
smiling man who greeted everyone,
looked grim. The passenger sitting
behind him had a pained expres-
sion, and her trembling hand cov-
ered her mouth. Had I just walked
onto a hijacked bus?
In a way, I had. A homeless man
was sitting in the first row.
The stench of his unwashed
body was overwhelm-ming. He
reeked of bodily waste, alcohol and
old vomit. His expression was hos-
tile, and his hands were balled into
fists as if ready to attack. I pretend-
ed he wasn't there, but my stomach
and stinging eyes wouldn't go
along with the ruse. After a few
minutes, I opened the window and
leaned toward the fresh air. At the
next stop, the passengers seemed to
leap up as one and rush from the

Later, I walked past a church and
noticed a man and woman I'll call
"Bob" and "Cindy." They're your
garden variety fallen-into-the-gut-
ter-and won't-get-up type of
drunks. Both are cunning as they
manage to show up at the same
church every day just as people are
entering or leaving service. Cindy
frequently quotes the Bible or loud-
ly calls anyone who won't give her
a dollar a Pharisee. On days she's
gone too long without a drink, she
can be aggressive. Bob specializes
in rushing up to little old ladies and
holding out his hat while looking as
sad as possible.
Across the street from the church
is one of those tiny parks meant to
be a miniature oasis in the city. It's
now an eyesore where ruined peo-
ple, pigeons and rats reign
supreme. The Bull Woman used to
live there. I called her that because,
on most days, she sat in the park
with a blank, bovine expression.
She never begged, and I'm not cer-
tain she even realized that the
shapes moving past her every day

were human beings.
Sometimes I'd walk by and see
Bull Woman's exposed breast and
feet. Occasionally, she'd talk to
someone visible only to herself.
Those were her good days. On a
bad day the Bull Woman frightened
people, and I could never figure out
what had set her off. Someone
would walk by and suddenly the
Bull Woman became alert as if a
bright light had been turned one.
Focused on some unlucky person,
she'd stand up, curse and rush
toward them. I wondered how long
it would be before she actually hurt
someone or herself. One day, Bull
Woman wasn't in the park any-
more. I never saw her again.
Although I've described these
people as homeless, that's not quite
accurate. The man on the bus, Bull
Woman, and Bob and Cindy, all
have problems that go beyond mere
housing. These poor people aren't
on the street because of mean old
conservatives, the economy or
stingy taxpayers. You could hand
them a rent-free apartment and a
simple job requiring no more than a


Just How Far Has Black America Come Economically?
One of the few shows that my Market News, a Chicago-based percent of black households with
wife and I agree on watching on news and research company spe- annual incomes greater than
television is one of our all time cializing in African American $50,000 invest in the stock market,
favorites "The Cosby Show," media and marketing. His company compared to 81 percent of whites
which is in heavy rotation on tallies up African-American spend- in the same income bracket,
Nickelodeon. This groundbreaking ing and publishes "the buying according to national surveys pre-
show was one of the earliest power of black America." formed over the past five years.
glimpses into the life of the black "In the 90s for almost every year When giving speeches before
middle class family back in the from 1990 to 2000, researchers saw youth I often like to talk about how
1980s. Sure "The Jefferson's" were almost double digit growth in the far blacks have come and although
middle class, but not in the sense of percentage of income for black it may seem as if our communities
a traditional family structure, households," Smikle says. are in disarray considering where
We all knovi that the Evans fam- Chicago is a microcosm of most we have come from in this counrr,
ily from "Good Times" was on the metropolitan areas throughout the %te are not doing too bad. And
other end of the spectrum, and my country. Nationwide, African- yes, I am talking about the legacy
main man, Fred Sanford was just Americans reportedly earned an of slavery and racism, which are
trying to survive on a junkman's estimated $656 billion dollars in issues that many discount as key
income. So Bill Cosby decided to 2003. That's more than double the factors to the decay of the black
introduce America to his make amount earned a decade before. family.
believe or TV family that most of The number of black owned Some may discount these factors,
us admired. Whether you were enterprises nearly doubled over the but they are real. And African
from the poorest family, the work- last decade-five times the rate of Americans have certainly come a
ing class or middle class, you loved new business creation for the coun- mighty long way, so it shouldn't
watching the Huxtables. try as a whole. And not including surprise anymore that we have not
I certainly didn't know of any rappers and athletes, there are more truly achieved parity with whites. It
black family living as well as the black millionaires than ever before, is virtually impossible when you
Huxtables mother a lawyer and But there's always a flip side or consider the hurdles blacks have
father a doctor, but I believed that better stated: there's always two had to overcome and still face.

these people existed. It wasn't until
I became a teenager that I truly
realized that these people exist and
have existed for many years even
far before the Civil Rights move-
The problem in the 1980s was
that the number of Huxtable-type
families were so small that it was
hard for many African American to
be inspired by what they saw on
TV. Still today, there is debate over
whether that depiction was real.
Today in America, we find that
group is not only real, but also
alive and growing incredibly creat-
ing a true legitimate black middle
and upper-middle class.
For example, according to the
2000 census, nearly a third of black
families living in metro Chicago
earned more than $50,000 a year
making them, economically, mid-
dle to upper middle class.
Ken Smikle is founder of Target

sides of every story. And some
would argue that blacks only have
one foot in the door of middle class
Many blacks have professional
and management jobs that generate
fair middle class incomes, but, for a
variety of reasons, we typically
have fewer assets (savings, stocks,
bonds, real estate, businesses) than
whites with the same income. It is
an unfortunate fact, but it's true.
We often talk about the income
gap that still exist between minori-
ties and whites, but I subscribe to
you readers that the investment gap
maybe a much larger issue. Nearly
two-thirds of black households
have zero savings or more debt
than savings. At every income
level, blacks save and invest less
than whites do.
And, at every income level,
blacks have a smaller net worth, on
average, than whites. Fifty seven

few hours of their time per week
and it wouldn't do any good. The
apartment would be trashed or
abandoned within days, if not
hours. The job would be more than
their shattered brains could handle.
Sick people are wandering our
streets, whether the reasons are
mental illness or addiction. If soci-
ety can be judged by how it treats
its most pitiful members, ours cer-
tainly has failed. We who live and'
work in the city have become adept
at not seeing the human wrecks uri-
nating on street corners, sleeping
on sidewalks or screaming in the
park. We rush past them, holding
our breath. We ignore the whiff of
Except for the truly hard heart-
ed, none of us would leave a shoot-
ing victim in the street. If someone
was struck by a car, we'd at least
call 911.
Why, then, do we abandon the
mentally ill to
helpless suffering on our streets?
Kimberly Jane Wilson is a member of the
NationalAdvisory council of the Aftican American
leadership network Project 21 and a freelance
writer in Northern Virginia. Comments may be
sent to

"Historically, black family assets
were limited to their homes and
cars," says J. Eugene Grigsby a
professor at UCLA. "This is partly
because until the late1970s, mid-
dleclass blacks tended to work for
the state or federal governments,
which until recently did not offer
investment plans. As the number
of blacks working in the private
sector grew, so did the number of
blacks interested in investing."
Because blacks are newer to the
ranks of the middle class, many
blacks had little family exposure to
even basic financial tool. I can cer-
tainly attest to that fact, and I am
sure that most black professional
would agree. Only 37 percent of
blacks now earning more than
$50,000 report that their family had
a checking account while they
were growing up, compared to 52
percent of similarly situated
Former National Urban League
president Hugh Price once said,
"Many of us ha\e been laboring
wiunder the false comfort that the
expansion of the black middle class
and the creation of individual black
millionaires have moved African
Americans closer to parity [with
whites]. The reality is, no matter
how great incomes become for
individual blacks, our wealth is not
sustained because we have very
few assets that can be passed on."
Signing off from a sort of middle
class neighborhood,
Reggie Fullwood

Gays Lose Advocate

With Death of King

by Jasmyne aonnick
On more than one occasion, Mrs, Coretta Scott King reaffirmed her belief
publicly that civil rights for gays was a hibunm' right and that, in keeping
with her husband's legacy, she believed that injustice anywhere is a threat to
justice everywhere.
Now with her death, there is fear among gay rights advocates that those in
her family who oppose civil rights for gays will exploit thle King'name and
legacy to spread anti-gay messages and it may already be happening.
Services for Mrs. King will not be held at Ebenezer Baptist Church, where
her husband once preached, but at mega-church. pastor Bishop Eddie Long's'
10,000-seat New Birth Baptist Missionary Church.
Long is one of several black pastors who met at the White House as part of
the Republican effort fo boost black support for the GOP during the 2004
presidential election. Long is an outspoken critic ofgays and. an opponent of
same-sex marriage. He is a mentor to King's youngest daughter Bernice.
News of the plan sent shockwaves through the gay community,;:which
viexw s the choice as inappropriate, given that lMrs. King's values were dia-
metrically opposite to Long's.
As recently as last year, Long joined other black pastors in calling for a.
constitutional amendment to projectt the institution.of marriage." .
According to Long. "In Christ, God puts his seed in us. Any other way is
a spiritual abortion. Cloning, homosexuality and lesbianism are spiritual
abortions. Homosexuality is a manifestation of the fallen man." ..
But Mrs. King felt differently.
In 1996 the African American Council of Christian Clergy united with
anti-gay rights forces in Miami to distribute a flyer at blackchurches claim-
ing that Dr. King would be outraged if he knew that gavs.weie abusing the
civil rights movement to get special rights: Coretta King knew whereshb*
stood on the issue. In a public statement, she repudiated the ministers' clahii
and noted that Dr. Martin Luther King would be a champion of gay rights if
he were alive.
Later, she was quoted as saying,; "Gays and lesbians:stood. p .6or .iii
rights it Montgomery. Selma, in Albany. -Georgia,. ardtSr. Augustine
Florida, and many other campaigns of the Civil.ights Movement. Many. of
these courageous men and women were fighting for my freedom at a imn.e.
wheu they could find few voices for their own. and I .slute their coatrib-.u
tions." : ..' .' '* :
Speaking before nearly 600 people in Chicago, she called on the civilrights:
community to join in the struggle against homophobia and anti-gay bias.
"Homophobia is like racism and anti-Semitism and other forms of bigotry
in that it seeks to dehumanize a large group of.people, .to den their.hum an-.
ity. their dignity and personhood. This-sets the'stage fotbfurtier rept e siob.
and violence that spread all too easily to victimize thenext.minority group>,'
But Mrs. King was one of very few. voices in the African American.divil
rights community to embrace lesbians and. gays, and he aced oppositidi
even within her family .. :
In 1998 her niece, Alveda King, trekked across the country speaking at ral-.
lies against gay rights legislation, calling her organization "King for
America." .. .
In a speech four days before the 30th anniverary ofer husband'ss ass.-
sination.'Mrs. King said" "I still hear people say that I should riot be talking.
about the rights of lesbian and gay people and I should stick to the issue of
racial justice. But I hasten to remind them that Martin Luther King Jr..said,
'Injustice anywhere: sa' threat to justice everywheree.' I everyone
who believes in Martin Luther Ki t's dr ea ae iatthe tabl of
brother-'an4 sisterhod*' r. as b a d, gaYptif
Mrs;.King was ohe .of0 hadadefla.laeo4hi is o lend their
voices and names to the gay civil nghts movemet; she: was one of the,.irst
to do so. She devoted her life to keeping her husband's legatciyalive and a'iv
able to befriend many movements, not just the gay rights :movement,
because when she spoke people listened. .
While Mrs. King meant a lot to.AfricanAmericahs, she wis ay owerfiially'y
and friend to gays, especially to black gays,'wh sa4w her a one oftfew fJI
rights leaders who truly understood equality. F14yiig her services at:Ifng's
church not only says gays are not welcome to attend, but alis.tihat there a.
still some in the King family who never. truly-derstood th4'pirit a4QS
zeal that she had for human .rights.. '' .,
The sad thing is that the spirit and the zeail t Ioretta-ih .f a
with het and may not have survived within the King family.

Pulling a 'Reverse Robin Hood' on the Poor

By. George E. Curry, NNPA
Both Congress and President Bush
have come up with their budget pro-
posals and both sets of figures do
the same thing cut domestic pro-
grams that would assist the poor
while extending tax cuts to rich peo-
ple who need them the least. In
other words, they are pulling a
reverse Robin Hood by taking from
the needy and giving to the greedy.
This is done under the guise that
the federal government has gone on
a "spending spree" and that domes-
tic programs are the culprit. That
might make for good propaganda,
but it is far from the truth.
"Overall funding for defense,
homeland security, and international
affairs (which includes funding for
post-war operations and reconstruc-

tion in Iraq and Afghanistan) rose
from 3.4 percent of the GDP [Gross
Domestic Product] in 2001 to 4.2 of
GDP in 2006," an analysis by the
Center for Budget and Policy
Priorities notes. "By contrast
...funding for domestic discre-
tionary programs shrank during this
period, declining from 3.4 % of
GDP in 2002 to 3.1% in 2006."
Bush is taking from heat, even
from some moderate Republicans,
for mismanaging the federal deficit.
When he took office, Bush inherited
a record $236 billion surplus. By
2000, a $158 billion deficit had
developed and the White House
estimates that this year, the figure
will reach $400 billion.
Some of the deficits can be attrib-
uted to Bush's decision to wage war

in Iraq and Afghanistan. To a much
lesser degree, there was also the
unexpected federal expenditures
associated with Hurricanes Katrina
and Rita. But a large and avoid-
able reason the federal govern-
ment is sinking deeper into the hole
is because Congress and the Bush
administration have enacted a series
of tax cuts that favor the wealthy.
The president defends the tax
cuts, the first to be enacted by a U.S.
president during wartime.
"American families all across this
country have benefited from the tax
cuts on dividends and capital
gains," he said in a Jan. 6 speech to
the Economic Club of Chicago.
"Half of American households -
that's more than 50 million house-
holds now have some investment

in the stock market."
"Some of the tax cuts that were
enacted in 2001 are still being
phased in," stated the Center on
Budget and Policy Priorities.
"These taxes are heavily tilted to
those at the top of the income scale.
These tax cuts include the elimina-
tion of the tax on the nation's largest
estates, as well as two tax cuts that
started to take effect on January 1,
2006 and will go almost entirely to
high-income households.
"The Tax Policy Center reports that
97 percent of the tax cuts from these
two measures will go to people with
incomes above $200,000. As a
result, the tax cuts ultimately will be
even more skewed toward high-
income households than they were
in 2005."
As usual, that leaves poor and
middle-class citizens out in the cold.



P.O. Box 43580
Jacksonville, FL 32203

Rita Perry


'"'" "imi "" .i *iir


903 W. Edgewood Ave.
Jacksonville, FL 32208

SAs lM
so...,.. ^

TEL (904) 634-1993
FAX (904) 765-3803

lvia Perry


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lie UInitedl State pri:o ide-;
opllIi1iuilics I''ii-r lIcc c\pIrc'Io'ii[ 'i
idea-, lle .icksom'ille i-ee I'ress h:is
its iev,. but others ma' differ.
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by Jacksonville City Councilman Reginald Fullwc

Black History Month is a Time for Reflection S

Page 4 Ms. Perry's Free Press

]February 9 15, 2006

February 9 15, 2006 Ms. Perry's Free Press -Page 5 -

u r n -v


L- tit.


The life of Mrs. Coretta Scott King reflected her strong, beautiful, remarkable spirit. During her
lifetime, she achieved a myriad of important roles: pastor's wife, mother, partner to a dream,
widow of a hero, associate of dignitaries, patron of the humble, teacher of the world, and
nurturing leader.

A devout believer in God, she was wholeheartedly devoted to peace, yet was a formidable force
against racism, poverty, and war. Her journey of love on this earth touched countless lives. May
her legacy of steadfast compassion continue to inspire the world.

February 9 15, 2006

Ms. Perry's Free Press -Page 5 -



G^^ P* ,-. .....

Southside C.O.GI.C. Presents
Children in Action 2006
The Southside Church of God in Christ Children's Ministry presents
"Children in Action", Sunday, February 12th at 7:00 PM. Come out and
support the Ministry as the children display their God-given talents to glo-
rify the Lord. The Word of God will be presented by Amber Foreman,
Patricka Graham and Dominique Gullet, with guest soloist Daiquan
Flagler and instrumentalist Willie Moore, II. For additional information,
please contact the church at 398-1625.
First Baptist Church of Oakland
Golden Age Banquet on Feb. 11th
First Baptist Church of Oakland will present their Golden Age Banquet
on Saturday February llth beginning at 2:oo p.m. The Banquet will be
held at the church located at 1025 Jessie Street on Jacksonville's Eastside.
Call 904-354-5295 for more information
The Men's Club of St. Paul Lutheran
Holds Health Seminar February 13
The Men's Club of St. Paul Lutheran Church, 2730 West Edgewood
Avenue; will sponsor a Seminar: "Understanding the New Medicare Drug
Program", at 7 p.m. on Monday, February 13, 2006.
The Seminar will present insurance experts to answer Health Insurance
Questions for Seniors over Age 65, and their Caregivers.
The Insurance Company Presenters will be: Blue Cross/Blue Shield,
Well Care, Quality Care, Humana, and Pacific. The public is invited. For
questions or directions, call (904) 765-4219.'
Mt. Bethel AME's Project
Chase Connects Home and School
New Bethel AME Church, 1231 Tyler Street invites all to join Project
Chase for the opportunity to improve your educational skills, earn a GED,
employment skills, and parenting skills to help your child be successful in
school. Project Chase meets Monday thru Thursday, 5:30 p.m. to 8:30
p.m., free childcare is available. A few slots are still available. For more
information, please call (904) 353-1822 or 630-7255.
*** NOTICE: Church news is printed of charge in the
Jacksonville Free Press. Information must be submitted no later than
Monday at 5 p.m. of the week you would lie it to run. Nominal charge
for photographs. Call 634-1993 for more information.

Pastor Landon Williams

Pastor Gary Williams

Greater Macedonia Celebrates

Pastor's 30th Anniversary

Greater Macedonia Baptist
Church, 1880 W. Edgewood Ave.,
will celebrate the 30th Anniversary
of Pastor Landon L. Williams, Sr.,
the second weekend in February.
An Anniversary Banquet will be
held at 6 p.m., Saturday, February
11th, at the Philippian Community
Church Multipurpose Center, 7540
New Kings Road. Individual tickets
and tables of 8 are available, tickets
are available, and all churches and
the public are invited to participate.
Anniversary Celebration Ser-
vices will be held at 4 p.m., Sunday
February 12th, and at 4 p.m., on
Sunday, February 19, 2006.
On Sunday, February 12th, Rev.
Robert Herring, Pastor of Mount
Bethel Baptist Church, will be the
speaker at the Celebrationervice.
Dr. Gary Williams, Pastor, The

First Baptist Church of Mandarin;
will be the speaker at the
Celebration Service on Sunday,
February 19th.
The community is invited to join
the Greater Macedonia Church
family as they honor and celebrate
the commitments Dr. Williams has
fulfilled to God, the Macedonia
family, and the community, for the
past thirty years. For information,
please call (904) 764-9257.

Vision Baptist Church Hosts Annual
Women's Caucus February 16th
Vision Baptist Church of Jacksonville, located at 8973 Lem Turner Road,
is hosting its Annual Women's Caucus, entitled "Maximize Your Potential
on God's Journey" on Thursday, February 16 at 6:30 P.M. David tri-
umphed over Goliath and you can to if you maximize your potential! All
women are invited to come out and participate in this life changing event.
To RSVP or for additional information, please call 766-0818 or 612-8758.
Dinner will be served.
Miss Grace Baptist & Talent Show
The women of Grace Baptist Church of the East Springfield, 1553 East
21st Street, Rev. John Devoe, Pastor; invite you to come out and support
their youth, while attending an evening of elegant, praise and fun as they
present the Miss Grace Baptist and Talent Show. The talent show and pag-
eant will begin at 5 p.m. on Saturday, February 18, 2006. All are welcome.
Sword and Shield Kingdom Outreach
Ministry 2006 Serious Praise
The community is invited to share in the Sword and Shield Outreach
ministry's "2006 Serious Praise!" at 3:45 p.m. on Sunday, February 26th,
at the Father's House Conference Center, Building 2, 1820 Monument
Road. Rev. Mattie W. Freeman, Founder/Pastor invites you to hear the
Word and Praise Team, under the direction of Ms. Kenshela Williams
Evangelist Ethel Pritchard and Pastor Jose L. Bosque, along with Soloist
Sister Pat Speights. You don't want to miss this service.
First AME Opens Sale to Vendors
The Inspirational Choir of First AME Church, 91 Old Kings Road
North, Palm Coast; is sponsoring a "White Elephant" Sale, Saturday,
March 11, 2006, from 8 a.m. to 2. Vendors are welcome. For more infor-
mation, call (386) 446-5759.

Concerts Choirs in Concert at First Timothy

The National Sorority of Phi
Delta Kappa Inc., Alpha Gamma
Chapter, will present the Edward
Waters College H. Alvin Greene
and J. W. Honeysuckle Memorial
Alumni Choir in concert at First
Timbthy Baptist Church, 12103

Biscayne Blvd., Rev. Frederick
Newbill, Pastor; at 4 p.m., Sunday,
February 19, 2006.
"The Spirit of The Black Man in
America" is the theme which will
be exemplified through the Negro
spirituals of slavery; the hymns of

emancipation; and the gospels of
; The public is invited to come out
and travel on this extraordinary,
educational, journey of Black Folk
in America, through music. It is free
for all.

Bethel Baptist Institutional Church
215 Bethel Baptist Street, Jacksonville, FL 32202 (904) 354-1464

Weekly Services

Sunday Morning Worship Midweek Services
7:40 a.m. and 10:45 a.m. Wednesday Noon Service
Church school "Mirale at Midday"
9:30 a.m. 12 noon-1 p.m.
S 3rd Sunday 3:30 p.m.
The Word from the Sons Dinner and Bible Study
ranid f niuhters of Rethil at 5:00 p.m. 6:30 p.m.

Pastor Rudolph
McKissick, Sr.
Senior Pastor

Pastor Rudolpp
McKissick, Jr.
Senior Pastor

Radio Ministry -
:,,G ".. -| WCGL 1360 AM ^ ..
w..... .... Thursday 8:15 -8:45 amn.

1- J' TV Ministry ^
WTLV Channel 12
Sunday Mornings at 6:30 a.m.

The Church That h!odIhes LptoliadAnd f/ut to Man
i PI H I im i *4I' I !! 1 "= ii1 Early -Worship 8:00 a.m.
[ r- L, ; : ",-Sunday School 915am
: s .Morning Worship 10:45 a.m.
i i :1st Sunday s3:45 pm.
... .. I !^ i^ II U N.. U ..-- 1L rd's:Supper *
S, ;4t Snday.-Training Ministry
i! 1 iTuesdav -7:30 p.m.
S Meeting.and'Bible Study'
S' -".Wedinsdav- 12Noon
6. .. Al" Noon Day WorShip
Thursd -4:00 p.m.

St. Thcmas :,lsslinary-

Irantist Chuirch
5863 Moncrief Road Jacksonville, FL 32209
(904) 768-8800 F5e(904) 764-3800

Pastor Ernie Murray, Sr;
Welcomes You!


Seeking the

lost for Christ
Matthew 28:19-20

Pastor Landon Williams, Sr.

8:00 A.M. Early Morning Worship
9:30 a.m. Sunday School
11:00 a.m. Morning Worship
Tuesday Evening 7 p.m. Prayer Service
Wednesday Bible Study 6:30-7 p.m.

The doors of Macedonia are always open to you and your family., fwe may be of any,asistance to
you in your spiritual walk, please contact us at 764-9257 or via e-mail at GreaterMacc@olcomn.'

Evangel Temple Assembly of God

New Southwest Campus

Clay County/Middleburg
Starts Sunday Services on February 26th
9:45 a.m. Sunday School 10:45 a.m. Morning Worship
Thursday @ 7:30 p.m. Prayer and Bible Study

Heavy en's Gate" Drama"
S15th Consecutie Yea Many Lives CDhaigedyir Drama
February 19 -21 @ Central Canipus (Lane Ave& I --10)
February 23 24 southwestt Campus (Clay County)
*Each Year Supported by Many 'Local Churches*

5755 Ramona Blvd. Jacksonville, FL32205

Website: Email:
Pastor Cecil and Pauline Wiggins 10:45 am. Service Interpreted for Deaf@ Central Campus

A- A 1i

February 9 15, 2006

Paue 6 Ms. Perry's Free Press




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2 History of African-

merican Cooking

Afrikge (300-1619)
Back .in most African men
were famier :' raisers and fisherman.
Planting. so~ing and haneestins crops were
considered women's work. Cooking was one
of the most important skills a young girl
needed to learn. One traditional dish called
fufu was made of pounded yams. Fufu was
served with soup, stew, roasted meat and
different sauces. During this time in history,
cooking was done over open pits. Africans
were very skilled in roasting, frying, stew-
ing, boiling and steaming their foods. Their
native foods were yams, okra, watermelon,
cassava, groundnuts, black-eyed peas and
Indentured Servants
and Slavery 1619
In August, 1619, the first group of Af-
ricans landed in America at Jamestown, Vir-
ginia. These Africans were indentured ser-
vants. They gave up four to seven years of
labor just to pay for transportation to Amer-
ica. Southern plantations consisted of Afri-
cans from many different tribal nations.
These Africans made up the slave popula-
tion in southern America. Verbal exchanges
of recipes on these Southern plantations led
to the development of an international Afri-
can cooking style in America. The slaves
enjoyed cooking pork, yams, sweet potatoes,
hominy, corn, ashcakes, cabbage, hoecakes,
collards and cowpeas. On these plantations,
cooking was done on an open fireplace with
large swing black pots and big skillets.
African American cooking techniques
and recipes were also influenced by Native
American Indians all across the United
States. When Africans were first brought to

Amnerica in 1619. the\ lied on farms. In
man; areas. local Indians tauoair them how
to hunt and cook uith natrie plants. Indian
cooking techniques were later introduced
into the southern society by black American
cooks. Dishes such as corn pudding, succo-
tash, pumpkin pie, Brunswick Stew and
hominy grits are a few examples of Native
American dishes found in African American

American Revolution 1776
Between 1773 and 1785 thousands of
Africans were brought to America. They
were brought ashore in Virginia, Georgia
and the Carolinas (Sea Island). In America,
slaves were cooks, servants and gardeners.
They worked in the colonial kitchens and on
the plantations as field hands. At the Big
House, slaves cooked such foods as greens,
succotash, corn pudding, spoon bread, corn
pone and crab cakes. These foods were
cooked on an open pit or fireplace. On the
plantation, breakfast was an important and
an early meal. Hoecakes and molasses were
eaten as the slaves worked from sunup to

Reconstruction 1865
Both the northern and the southern armies
hired black Americans as cooks. Most of the
cooking throughout the South was done by
black cooks. Slaves created their own reci-
pes and made the best of hard times and
scarce supplies. Cajun and Creole cooking
developed during this period. These foods
included jambalaya, bread pudding, dirty
rice, gumbo and red beans and rice. Cooking
was done on a great big old fireplace with


... I


Both the northern and the southern armies hired black Americans as cooks. Mlan)
Black Americans thought they were joining the war as enlisted man but just entered

into another form of servitude.
swing pots and skillets with legs.

Post Reconstruction Westward
Movement- 1865
At the end of the Civil War, black
Americans began to move westward. They
migrated to Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma
and Texas. Black Americans became cow-
boys and cooks on the cattle drives. Many
black Americans were also pioneers and as
farmers they survived off the land. They
adapted their cooking habits and formed
new ones when necessary. It was a great


Fried Okra- 8 pods okra, 1 cup yellow cornmeal, 1 tablespoon .. and cook until the yams are soil
flour. 1 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon pepper, 14 vegetable oil. Slice t (maybe half an hour). Remove pot
okra into ', inch slices. Wash okra in cold water. Mix cornmeal, .from heat and cool yams with run-
flour, salt and pepper together. Roll okra in cornmeal mix. Fry in ning water. Drain. Remove peels
hot skillet for 10 minutes until golden brown. Drain on paper towel. f" om yams. Add butter. Put y'ns in
(Serves 6) a bowl (or back in the empty pot)
Fufu 1 large yam, 1 egg, 5 teaspoons evaporated milk, 1 small -- and mash with a potato masher, then
onion grated, 3 tablespoons butter or margarine, pinch of garlic beat and stir with a wooden spoon until completely smooth. This
salt Peel and cut yam into small pieces. Boil pieces until tender in might take two people: one to hold the bowl arid the other to stir.
-2 cup water for 20 minutes. brain off the water and mash until Shape the fufu into balls and serve immediately with meat tiew or
smooth. Add the egg, mik, onion and garlic salt. Beat and roll into any dish with a sauce or gravy. To eat iL tear off a small handful
2 inch balls. If the ixture istoo wet, add a little flour. Fry in butter with your fingers and use it to scoop up your meat and sauce.
or margarine imtil brown. (Serves 2-3) Cajun Dirty Rice
Homfiy Grits- 1 cup gritg,'~ teaspoon salt, 4 cups of water, 3 Yield: S Servings
tablespoons butter or nargaine.. Brihg water-to a boil.- Add salt. 1. lb Chicken Gizzards finely chopped, 1 lb Chicken Livers --
Slowly stir in grits. Stir cor t o prevent lumping. Reduce heat finely chopped, ,4 cup squeeze margarine. 1 1/2 c Onion -- finely
and coverfor minutes. Serve hot with butter. (Serves.4) hopped, 1/2 c Celery finely chopped, 1/4 c Green Pepper -
Fufu F"i4 (fo bo-,. Fo4fou, Fouou fujia) is to Western'and chopped, 2 Garlic Cloves -minced, 2 tsp. Salt, 1 tsp. pepper. 1/8
Central Africa cooking .what mashed potatoes are to traditional tsp ground red pepper, 3 cups freshly cooked rice. 1.'2 cup chopped
European-American cooking:. parsley.
2 4 lbs. pounds of yams (use large, white or yellow yams; not Brown meat in margarine in large skillet. Add onion, celery,
sweet potatoes, not "Louisiana yams"); or equal parts yams and green pepper, garlic and seasonings, mix well. Cover. Cook, tir-
plantain bananas and I tsp. butter (optional). ring occasionally, over medium heat until vegetables are tender.
Place yams in large pot and cover with cold water. Bring to a boil Add rice and parsley, mix lightly. Serve immediately.

challenge to create good food with primitive
tools and very limited ingredients. They
cooked such foods as: biscuits, stew, baked
beans and barbecued meat.

The Great Migration 1900-1945
During this period, a large number of
black Americans worked as cooks in private
homes, shops restaurants, schools, hotels
and colleges. Many moved to such large
cities as Chicago, New York, Ohio, Detroit
and Pennsylvania to work. Black cooks,
chefs and waiters also worked in Pullman
cars of the old railroads and on the steam-
boats. Many black Americans also started
small businesses such as fish markets, barbe-
que and soul food restaurants throughout the
United States. These establishments special-
ized in fried fish, homemade rolls, potato
salad, turkey and dressing, fried pork chops,
rice and gravy and southern fried chicken.
Cooking was done on wood burning and gas
Civil Rights Movement
1965 Present
In the early 60s and 70s, soul food, the
traditional food of black Americans, was
very popular. Soul foods were candied
yams, okra, fried chicken, pig's feet,
chitlin's, cornbread, collard greens with ham
hocks and black-eyed peas. Today in the
90s, soul food preparation has changed.
Black Americans are becoming increasingly
health conscious, thus, they are avoiding
foods with high levels of fat and cholesterol,
and increasing their intake of fruit, vegeta-
bles and fiber. Black Americans are still in
the kitchen cooking, but now they are own-
ers and managers of restaurants. Today is
cooking is done on electric, gas and micro-
wave stoves.



HBCU's Have Paved the Way for Educating Black America

By James Anderson
There are more than 100 historically
Black colleges and universities in the United
States today. These institutions of higher
learning, whose principal mission is to edu-
cate African Americans, have evolved since
their beginning in 1837 when their primary
responsibility was to educate freed slaves to
read and write. At the dawn of the 21st cen-
tury, along with graduate and post-graduate
degrees, historically Black colleges and uni-
versities offer African American students a
place to earn a sense of identity, heritage and
Segregation Era
Before the Civil War (1861-1865) the
C, majority of Blacks in the United States were
enslaved. Although a few free Blacks at-
tended primarily White colleges in the North
in the years before the war, such opportuni-
ties were very rare and nonexistent in the
slave states of the South. In response to the

Institute for Colored Youth Building
lack of opportunity, a few institutions of
secondary and higher education for Blacks
were organized in the antebellum years
Cheyney University in Pennsylvania,
founded in 1837 as the Institute for Colored
Youth, has the earliest founding date of an
HBCU, although for most of its early history
it offered only elementary and high school
level instruction. The first great expansion in
Black higher education came after the war,
however, during the widening opportunities
of Reconstruction (1865-1877).
Private Institutions
The years between the Civil War and
World War I (1914-1918) were an era of
tremendous growth for American colleges
and universities. Higher education spread
primarily through institutions financed by
public taxes, particularly the rapidly expand-

ing land-grant colleges established by U.S.
Congress in the Morrill Act of 1862. These
land-grant institutions, coupled with a grow-
ing system of state colleges, marked the
emergence of a distinctive style of American
higher education: publicly supported institu-
tions of higher learning serving a broad
range of students as well as the cultural,
economic, and political interests of various
local and state constituencies.
African American higher education took a
different path. From the Reconstruction era
through World War II (1939-1945) the ma-
jority of Black students were enrolled in
private colleges. Northern religious mission
societies were primarily responsible for es-
tablishing and maintaining the leading Black
colleges and universities. African American
religious philanthropy also established a

significant number.
Given the virtual nonexistence of public
education for Blacks in the South, these in-
stitutions had to provide preparatory courses
at the elementary and high school levels for
their students. Often they did not offer col-
lege-level courses for years until their stu-
dents were prepared for them. Nonetheless,
the missionary aims of these early schools
reflected the ideals of classical liberal educa-
tion that dominated American higher educa-
tion in general in that period, with its em-
phasis on ancient languages, natural sci-
ences, and humanities. Blacks were trained
for literacy, but also for teaching and the
With the end of Reconstruction and the
return of White rule in the South, however,
opportunities for African American profes-
sionals became scarcer. Consequently many
Black and White leaders turned toward in-
dustrial training. The proponents of indus-
trial training, whose most public spokesman
was Booker T. Washington of the Tuskegee
Institute (now Tuskegee University) in Ala-

bama, argued that African Americans should
concentrate on the more practical arts of
manual labor to better suit them for the work
that was available.
Meanwhile, Harvard-trained scholar W. E.
B. Du Bois was charting another path. Du
Bois paired the liberal and scientific ideals
of the missionaries with a conviction that
Black life and culture should be a primary
topic of Black thought and investigation. Du
Bois criticized Washington and his allies for
downplaying intellectual ambition and for
appeasing Southern White leaders. Du Bois's
criticisms gained influence in the following
decades, and by the end of World War I,
Black leaders had largely turned against
Washington's educational theories. The in-
creased militancy of Du Bois and others led
to student protests in the 1920s against the

White administrations at Fisk, Hampton, and
Howard. As a result of such protest, Morde-
cai Johnson was named the first Black presi-
dent of Howard in 1926.
Public Institutions
During Jim Crow
Private missionary colleges figured so
heavily in the overall scheme of higher edu-
cation for African Americans because vari-
ous states virtually excluded Blacks from
publicly supported higher education. Of the
17 Southern states that mandated racially
segregated education during the Jim Crow
era, 14 simply refused to establish land-grant
colleges for African American students until
Congress required them to do so in the 1890.
But the institutions they established were
colleges in name only. Not one met the land-
grant requirement to teach agriculture, me-
chanical arts and liberal education on a col-
legiate level.
Black Institutions
and Desegregation
With the founding of the United Negro
College Fund (UNCF) in 1944, Black col-
leges and universities enlisted the support of
corporate philanthropy and the donations of
thousands of individuals. African Americans
also continued to press for equality in public
higher education their efforts encouraged by
the Supreme Court decision in Missouri ex
rel. Gaines v. Canada in 1938, which forced
Southern state governments to concede more
resources for the improvement of African

; 3 |


American higher education than at any time
since the Reconstruction era.
During the early 1950s, the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of Colored
People (NAACP) turned its efforts from
educational equality to school desegregation.
Its work culminated successfully in the
Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and Brown v.
Board of Education (1954) desegregation
decisions, although these decisions had little
direct effect on Black colleges.
This success in the courts sparked a new
optimism about the future of African Ameri-
can higher education. But during the last
four decades of the 20th century, that opti-
mism was tempered by the endurance of old
problems. Private colleges and universities
had not built up a solid financial base. At the
start of new millennium, raising money re-
mains the major challenge for a Black col-
lege president or chancellor. Private Black
colleges are struggling to keep their funding
sources viable and to fight off financial star-
vation in an increasingly competitive envi-
ronment. Public Black colleges are fighting
to obtain their fair share of state support, and


this struggle is greatly compromised by in-
action and resistance from state legislatures.
In 1992 the Supreme Court ruled in United
States v. Fordice that patterns of racial seg-
regation still remained in Mississippi's pub-
lic university system, nearly 40 years after
Brown v. Board of Education The slow
elimination of segregation has in general had
mixed blessings for Black colleges and uni-
versities, as integrated White institutions.
have drawn Black students and support
away from the traditional Black schools. But
after stagnating enrollments in the 1970s and
1980s, the student population at HBCUs
rose 25 percent between 1986 and 1994, an
increase greater than the average for U.S.
colleges and universities.

America Makes Legal Strides

Towards Leveling the Playing Field

By Borgma
AI Infoplease
In its tumul-
tuous 40-
N ear history,

been both
praised and
fl "pilloried as
anl answer
President LNyndon .Jolmson to racial
inequality. The policy was introduced in
1965 by President Johnson as a method
of redressing discrimination that had
persisted in spite of civil rights laws and
constitutional guarantees. "This is the
next and more profound stage of the bat-
tle for civil rights," Johnson asserted.
"We seek... not just equality as a right
and a theory, but equality as a fact and as
a result."
A Temporary Measure to
Level the Playing Field
Focusing in particular on education
and jobs, affirmative action policies re-
quired that active measures be taken to
ensure that blacks and other minorities
enjoyed the same opportunities for pro-
motions, salary increases, career ad-
vancement, school admissions, scholar-
ships, and financial aid that had been the
nearly exclusive province of whites.
From the outset, affirmative action was
envisioned as a temporary remedy that
would end once there was a "level play-
ing field" for all Americans.
Bakke and Reverse
By the late '70s, however, flaws in the
policy began to show up amid its good
intentions. Reverse discrimination be-
came an issue, epitomized by the famous
Bakke Case in 1978. Allan Bakke, a
white male. had been rejected tno ears

in a row by a medical school that had
accepted less qualified minority appli-
cants-the school had a separate admis-
sions policy for minorities and reserved
16 out of 100 places for minority stu-
dents. The Supreme Court outlawed in-
flexible quota systems in affirmative
action programs, which in this case had
unfairly discriminated against a white
applicant. In the same ruling, however,
the Court upheld the legality of affirma-
tive action per se.
A Zero-Sum
Game for Conservatives
Fueled by "angry white men," a back-
lash against affirmative action began to
mount. To conservatives, the system was
a zero-sum game that opened the door for
jobs, promotions, or education to minori-
ties while it shut the door on whites. In a
country that prized the values of self-
reliance and pulling oneself up by one's
bootstraps, conservatives resented the
idea that some unqualified minorities
were getting a free ride on the American
system. "Preferential treatment" and
"quotas" became expressions of con-
tempt. Even more contentious was the
accusation that some minorities enjoyed
playing the role of professional victim.
Why could some minorities who had also
experienced terrible adversity and ra-
cism-Jews and Asians, in particular-
manage to make the American way work
for them without government handouts?
"Justice and Freedom for All"
Still in Its Infancy
Liberals countered that "the land of
opportunity" was a very different place
for the European immigrants who landed
on its shores than it was for those who
arrived in the chains of slavery. As histo-
rian Roger Wilkins pointed out, "blacks
have a 375-year history on this continent:
245 involving slavery, 100 involving
legalized di;criminalion. and onl\ 3o.

involving anything else."
Considering that the laws of Jim
Crow and lynching existed well into the
'60s, and that myriad subtler forms of
racism in housing, employment, and edu-
cation persisted well beyond the civil
rights movement, conservatives impa-
tient for blacks to "get over" the legacy
of slavery needed to realize that slavery
was just the beginning of racism in
America. Liberals also pointed out that
another popular conservative argument-
that because of affirmative action, mi-
norities were threatening the jobs of
whites-belied the reality that white men
were still the undisputed rulers of the
roost when it came to salaries, positions,
and prestige.
Polemics Turn Gray
The debate about affirmative action
has also grown more murky and difficult
as the public has come to appreciate its
complexity. Many liberals, for example,
can understand the injustice of affirmna-
tive action in a case like Wygant (1986):
black employees kept their jobs while
white employees with seniority were laid
off. And many conservatives would be
hard pressed to come up with a better
alternative to the imposition of a strict
quota system in Paradise (1987), in
which the defiantly racist Alabama De-
partment of Public Safety refused to pro-
mote any black above entry level even
after a full 12 years of court orders de-
manded they did.
The Supreme Court: Wary of
"Abstractions Going Wrong"
The Supreme Court justices have been
divided in their opinions in affirmative
action cases, partially because of oppos-
ing political ideologies but also because
the issue is simply so complex. The
Court has approached most of the cases
in a piecemeal fa-thion i ti cutl.ina :.'n nar-

row aspects of policy rather than grap-
pling with the whole.
Even in Bakke-the closest thing to a
landmark affirmative action case-the
Court was split 5-4, and the judges' vari-
ous opinions were far more nuanced than
most glosses of the case indicate. Sandra
Day O'Connor often characterized as the
pivotal judge in such cases because she
straddles conservative and liberal views
about affirmative action, has been de-
scribed by University of Chicago law
professor Cass Sunstein as "nervous
about rules and abstractions going
wrong. She's very alert to the need for
the Court to depend on the details of each

Landmark Ruling Buttresses
Affirmative Action
But in a landmark 2003 case involving
the University of Michigan's affirmative
action policies-one of the most impor-
tant rulings on the issue in twenty-five
years-the Supreme Court decisively
upheld the right of affirmative action in
higher education.
In the Michigan cases, the Supreme
Court ruled that although affirmative
action was no longer justified as a way of
redressing past oppression and injustice,
it promoted a "compelling state interest"
in diversity at all levels of society. A
record number of "friend-of-court" briefs
were filed in support of Michigan's af-
firmative action case by hundreds of or-
ganizations representing academia, busi-
ness, labor unions, and the military, argu-
ing the benefits of broad racial represen-
tation. As Sandra Day O'Connor wrote
for the majority, "In order to cultivate a
set of leaders with legitimacy in the eyes
of the citizenry, it is necessary that the
path to leadership be visibly open to tal-
ented and qualified individuals of every
race and ethikc itl."

Laws Applying to Affirmative Action in Educational Institutions

Affirmative action programs are governed by a num-
ber of overlapping laws. A common principle is that
whether for admissions or employment, affirmative
action programs such as targeted recruitment and goals
are encouraged to remedy past effects of discrimina-
lion; quotas are disfavored
14 Amendment of rthe United States Constitution
The "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth
Amendment, which applies only to public institutions,
prohibits discrimination based on race or sex. Accord-
ing to recent U.S. Supreme Court cases decided under
this provision, such as City qfRichmond v. JA. Croson
Co., 488 U.S. 469 (1989), public employers' affiinative
action programs must be justified by and narrowly tai-
lored to remedy specific evidence of past discrimina-
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C.
2U00d, and regulations at 45 C.F.R. 80.1 et seq.
Title VI prohibits race discrimination in any program
receiving federal funds. This law applies to both admis-
sions and employees. Violations can result in with-

drawal of federal funds or suits by private individuals. IX'1 affirmative action provisions apply to both erm-
Cases brought under Title VI, such as University of ploymeint and admission of students. Violations can
Califonda Board of Regents v. Bakke. 438 U.S. 265 result in withdrawal of federal funds or suits by private
(1978), establish that in an affirmative action context, individuals. Regulations promulgated under Title IX,
race can be one of several factors used in adn1iisions 34 C F.Ri I 106.3, authorize affirmative or remedial
decisions, action in instances in which members of one sex must
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. 42 be treated differently to overcome the specific effects of
U.S.C.A. H 2000e et seq.. and regu rations at 29 padt discrimination.
C.F.R. 1604-1606, 1608.1 et seq. Executive Order 11246, Sept. 24, 1965, as
Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based amended by Executive Order 11375. Oct. 13. 1967.
on race, color, religion. sex. or national origin by any 41 C.F.R. 60-1 et seq.
employer with 15 or more employees; as amended in Executive Order 11246 requires federal contractors to
1972 it applies to public and private educational institu- adopt and implement "affirmative action programs" to
tions. Cases decided under Title VI I authorize affirma- promote attainment of equal employment objectives. It
tive action programs that are "narrowly tailored" to authorizes use of goals but prohibits quotas. and applies
remedy past discrimination based on race. sex, etc. to race, religion, color, national origin, and sex.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. 20 State Laws
U.S.C. 1681 et seq.. and regulations at 34 C.F.R. Many btateb have laws that are similar to Title Vll or
106.1 et seq., 45 C.F.R. 86.1 et seq. Title IX hi some instances, state laws provide broader
Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in all educa- remedies or more expansive coverage to protected
tional institutions that receive federal funding. Title groups.


Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 9

NAACP Settles Race Discrimination Suit Against City

of Myrtle Beach, S.C. for Treatment of Black Tourists

The Memorial Day Weekend has drawn African-
Americans for years to the ocean front. FMP

The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP) has reached an agree-
ment with the City of Myrtle Beach
(South Carolina) to settle a race dis-
crimination lawsuit against the City
for its different treatment ofAfrican
American tourists attending an
African American motorcycle
event. The Myrtle Beach City
Council approved the settlement
agreement in a special meeting on
February 2, 2006.

The lawsuit
arises from the
City's different
treatment of two
large motorcycle
rallies each May in
the Myrtle Beach
area. In mid-May,
thousands of white
motorcyclists and
tourists come to
Myrtle Beach for
an event known as
"Harley Weekend."

A week later, over Memorial Day
weekend, a similar number of
African American tourists attend
Black Bike Week. This is the only
weekend each year when the major-
ity of tourists in the City are African
American and the only weekend
each year when the City imple-
ments a restrictive traffic plan
requiring all traffic to travel one-
way for 60 blocks along the City's
main boulevard. The NAACP's
lawsuit, originally filed in May

Florida's Leslie Meek Elected

Chair of the CBC Spouses
Annual Legislative Conference
(ALC). During ALC, the group
hosts the CBC Spouses Annual
Fashion Show.
Mrs. Meek holds a law degree and
is a member of the NAACP and
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority.
Congressman and Mrs. Meek have
two children, Lauren and Kendrick
Jr. Mrs. Meek currently manages
her own consulting and mediation

2003, challenged the City's use of
this restrictive one-way traffic pat-
tern for the African American event
and the City's overly restrictive
policing of the African American
The proposed settlement requires
the City to use the same traffic pat-
tern for both Harley Weekend and
Black Bike Week during the height
of these events from 2 p.m. to 12:00
a.m. on Friday and Saturday nights,
and this requirement lasts until
2010. The proposed settlement also
requires the City to provide train-
ing, including training on policing
crowds and cultural sensitivity, to

all law enforcement personnel
deployed by the City during Black
Bike Week. n the proposed settle-
ment, the City also recognizes the
importance of substantially similar
treatment of tourists and visitors to
the City and that even the percep-
tion of different treatment based on
race is a concern that should be
Since May 2003, the NAACP has
filed four other racial discrimina-
tion lawsuits against Myrtle Beach
area businesses based on decisions
by those businesses to implement
different policies for Black Bike
Week only.

S nain ,Appears to Have Enough Votes
t. GOP Endorsement to rG governor
M INROEVILLE, Pa. '- F rtpr P1
*tdeis star Lynni Swani appears t-ae J
.up woughi support to win the Repbt jica ;'
.nqswhatiit3 fo.s Pennsylvatagoveom Qr, -- '-a: la'^o^
..^iuhe hast regional tGOtleet ofghef'^rmt I hy he
Republicans meet to endorse a candidate their ,
;Hall of ner currently has,33 noffpial'con '
mdnts .frorm.prty-'rpresentatives iheyallob
low through he will have jst over the 180 voes
needed to win the party endorsement onFeb,. 1'.
:Swana. 53, is.seeking to become Pennsylvaria' firsCt'black governo.
Though he has revealed little about his political philosophy, he his said
theDemocratic Party has.:"'takerin. the Black -vote for granted." Supporters
say his high profile and charisma make him the. bet candidate to take
on the incumbent who is expected to seek a second tertn.
Svwann was a wide receiver for ihe Steelers ftir 19-74-83 and led his
team to four Super Bowl victories. After retiring from football, he
Worked as a commentator forABC Sports.

100 Calls All Students to College Fair for On the Spot Scholarships

The 100 Black Men of
Jacksonville will host the 3rd
Annual Infinite Scholars College
Fair on Saturday, February 11, 2006
at the Holiday Inn Airport, 1-95 and
Airport Road, from 9 AM to 3 PM.
In attendance will be over 30 Major
Universities, Historically Black
Colleges and Universities
(HBCU's) and Colleges from over
the US and Florida. Schools sched-
uled to attend include Miami of
Ohio, Purdue University,
Grambling State University,
Alabama A&M University,
Bethune-Cookman College, North
Carolina A&T University,
University of Florida, Florida A&M
University, Florida State
University, and many others.
Students are asked to pre-register
at and
bring several copies of their high
school transcripts, standardized test

S ioon above at last ears program are 100 Members Aston Price,
Melvin Wooden, representatives from Alabama A&M University, a
2004 scholarship recipient Ivory Jackson and 100 members Levi
McIntosch, Ken Pennix.
scores (ACT or SAT) and video- recruiters and representatives to
tapes of talent or special abilities review. Admissions interviews will
(music or athletics) for the be conducted on site. Per student

qualifications, several schools will
be awarding scholarships on the
"The Infinite Scholars Program is
the leading organization nationally
in sending students of color to col-
lege and we are very proud to have
partnered with them for the past 2
years" states Robert Porter,
President of the Jacksonville 100.
He added "over 6 million dollars in
scholarships and financial aid was
offered to students from our
College Fairs in 2004 and 2005.
While focusing on students of
color, the College Fair is open to
any student, regardless of ethnicity,
culture, gender or national origin".
For more information, contact the
office of the 100 Black Men of
Jacksonville, Inc. at (904) 924-2545
or call Therese Burgess at (904)

Leslie Meek
Mrs. Leslie Meek, wife of
Congressman Kendrick B. Meek,
has been elected chair of the
Congressional Black Caucus
Spouses (CBC Spouses), a part of
the Congressional Black Caucus
Foundation, Inc (CBCF).
"I'm so honored to take a leader-
ship role in this important organiza-
tion that is making a difference in
the lives of so many young people,"
Mrs. Meek said.
In 1988, the CBC Spouses estab-
lished a scholarship fund to provide
fmancial assistance to needy col-
lege and university students around
the country. To date, the CBC
Spouses Education Scholarship
Program has awarded more than $8
million in education scholarships.
In addition to her responsibilities
with the CBC Spouses Education
Scholarship Program, Mrs. Meek
will lead the group's fundraising
activities. These include the signa-
ture CBC Spouses events through-
out the year, including an annual
golf and tennis tournament and spe-
cial activities during CBCF's

Ritz Presents an

Evening with

Nikki Giovanni

Debt consolidation. Home improvement.

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Nikki Giovanni
The Ritz Theatre & LaVilla
Museum will present an evening
with world-renowned poet Nikki
Giovanni. Giovanni is considered a
leader in the black oral poetry
movement, and one of America's
most cherished literary treasures.
Nikki Giovanni has written more
than two-dozen books, including
volumes of poetry, illustrated chil-
dren's books, and three collections
of essays.
The event will be held on Friday,
March 24, 2006 at 7:30pm. Tickets
are are available at Ritz Theatre &
LaVilla Museum. For more infor-
mation, please call 904-632-5555
or visit

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*Prime is The Wall StreetJournal Prime Rate, which was 7.50% as of 02/01/06. "Below-Prime" rates range between 6.99% and 7.49% APR. These "Below-Prime" Annual Percentage Rates (APR) are for new, fully amortized consumer purpose loans of $50,000 or more with a Combined Loan-To-Value Ratio (CLTV) of 80
less, a repayment term of 240 months or less, and automatic payment deduction from a SunTrust Bank deposit account. Your rate may differ based on loan amount, repayment term, CLTV, or other factors, and standard rates generally range from 6.99% to 10.24% APR. Payment example: $50,000/10-year term loan,
rate of 7.24% APR would result in 120 monthly payments of $586.75. Offer applicable on applications received on or before 04/30/06 and that close on or before 05/12/06. Offer and rates subject to change without notice. This offer is available only on single-family residences or owner occupied condominiums locate
AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, MD, MS, NC, SC, TN, VA, or WV and is not valid on manufactured homes or cooperatives. SunTrust must be in a valid first or second lien position on the collateral. Property insurance is required, and if applicable, flood insurance will be required. Exclusions and limitations apply. Consult your tax advi
regarding the deductibility of interest. Preliminary loan decisions are usually made within 24 hours on applications received during normal business hours,
For new loans of $20,000 or more, SunTrust Bank will advance the closing costs on your behalf, excluding title insurance and related, fees if required; however, if you close your account within three (3) years, we will add any closing costs we advanced on your behalf to your outstanding balance for our reimbursement,
Total closing costs generally range from $100 to $1,500,
12 Equal Housing Lender Member FDIC. 2006 SunTrust Banks, Inc. SunTrust and "Seeing beyond money" are service marks of SunTrust Banks, Inc.

-PUIenruary 9 i2, zuuo


Whi-. .. -n 0 4 nn


February 9 15, 2006

onam,10 Me Prrv% Wjpt Prp

gSix U senses Black America Iant

Six Diseases Black America Coant Ignore B~a ^ ""1 ^S

It's a Fact: Some diseases affect
African Americans more than oth-
ers. While they aren't the only ill-
nesses black folk should be watch-
ing out for, they should be at the top
of their list. These six health prob-
lems are ones that African
Americans are most likely to
encounter. This knowledge is the
first step to living better and longer.
Heart Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD)
occurs when plaque builds up inside
the coronary arteries. The plaque

builds up and is called arthero-scle-
rosis, make the arteries harden and
become narrower, so that less
blood, and less oxygen, gets to the
heart. Heart disease is the leading
cause of death for men and women
in America, especially African
Blood pressure is the force of
blood pushing against the blood
vessels. If blood pressure is high,
the heart must work harder than it
should to pump blood through the

Shown above is Elizabeth Means (V.P. of Community Affairs at Shands),
Jerome Spates (President of Sickle Cell of Northeast Florida) with
designer and business owner Efferem Williams, CEO/President of
Sickle Cell Signature Scarf to

be Premiered at University Club
Knotacess, a new company to Jacksonville, will kick off their business
with a meet and greet at the University Club premiering their Sickle Cell Tie
and Scarf. The custom designed tie was made for the Northeast Sickle Cell
Chapter of Jacksonville. The event is free and open to the public and will fea-
ture complimentary appetizers, wine and drinks from 7:30 p.m.-8:30 p.m. For
further information about the event contact Efferem Williams at (904) 234-
0668 or Andrea Siracusa at (904) 388-2131.



Associates, P.A.

Complete Obstetrical
& Gynecological Care
Individualized Care
Pregnancy Care
Board Certified
Laser Surgery
Family Planning
Vaginal Surgery
* Menopausal Disorders
Menstrual Disorders

HIV (human immune deficiency
virus) and AIDS are immune sys-
tem disorders that impair and then
disable the body's ability to defend
itself against infection. HIV/AIDS
is spread through exposure to
infected bodily fluids, such as
blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid,
vaginal fluid, or breast milk No cure
exists either one.
Colorectal cancer is cancer of the
colon or rectum. The colon is the
part of the large intestine that
extends to the rectum. This form of
cancer afflicts both sexes.
Prostate cancer is cancer of the
prostate gland, which is part of the
male reproductive system. The
prostate is located in front of the
rectum and under the bladder; it
contributes to the production of
seminal fluids, which contains
sperm. Cancer of the prostate is the
second most common type of can-
cer in American men.
Breast cancer is an uncontrolled
division of cells (cancer) in breast
tissue. Cancer cells can spread to
other parts of the body in the blood-
stream or the lymphatic system.
Breast cancer occurs primarily in
women, but can also occur in men.
Black women die from breast can-
cer more than women in other

Shown above front and center (with hat) is Senator Frederica Wilson (D-Miami) addressing the media with
Rep. Curtis Richardson (D-Tallahassee) to her right surrounded by other supporting legislators.

Florida Legislators Lead the Way In

Testing for Black Aids Awareness

Senator Frederica S. Wilson and
Representative Curtis Richardson
were among many of the Florida
legislators who stepped forward to
be publicly tested for the

HIV/AIDS virus.
The event will mark the third
annual National Black HIV/AIDS
Awareness Day and is intended to
focus more attention on the need for

Florida Leaders Called On to Intervene as Kidney

Failure Patients
Orlando, FL The National
Kidney Foundation of Florida is
calling for Governor Jeb Bush and
the Florida State Legislature to
initiate an immediate stopgap
measure to ensure kidney disease
patients receive their life-sustain-
ing treatment and benefits. For
many, particularly Medicare-
Medicaid dual eligible patients,
benefits have been severely com-
promised since the beginning of
the New Year, when Medicare
Part D prescription drug coverage
was implemented. Medicare Part
D replaces some of the Medicaid
benefits these patients had previ-
ously received from the state.
"Setting up a national system that

are Suffering and Losing Benefits

will help share the financial bur-
den of Medicaid that states face
today is a good thing and certain-
ly a step in the right direction,"
stated Stephanie Hutchison, CEO
of the National Kidney
Foundation of Florida (NKFF).
"But as the new federal drug cov-
erage program rolls out, some
patients are being left out in the
cold. For some, transportation to
their dialysis clinic that was cov-
ered by Medicaid is no longer
available. They are now scurrying
to find a way to receive the dialy-
sis they need to stay alive".
The NKFF and other, including
the Florida Renal coalition, want
the Governor and lawmakers to

follow the lead other states have
taken to ensure that while
Medicate Part D rolls out, patients'
former eligibility for Medicaid
benefits is not compromised.
Some of the patients cannot afford
the co-payment.
More than 18,000 Floridians
have irreversible kidney failure,
requiring dialysis to survive.
Dialysis is a process that
removes impurities from the
blood, which takes about four
hours and is required at least three
times each week for most patients.
The patients must travel to an,
independent dialysis clinic or hos-

Floridians to have themselves test-
ed. Blacks comprise approximately
14% of the population, they account
for more than half of all new HIV
diagnoses each year. The 2004 rate
of reported AIDS cases among
blacks is 114.8 per 100,000 popula-
tion; approximately four times
higher than the rate for Hispanics
and eight times higher than the rate
for Whites.
The testing of the lawmakersin
front of the Senate Chambers on the
4th floor of the Capitol.
The gathering will also payed trib-
ute to Coretta Scott-King who was a
strong voice in the fight for the
eradication of HIV/AIDS within the
black community. She said that
"AIDS is a global crisis, a national
crisis, a local crisis, and a human
crisis," and "No matter where you
live, AIDS is one of the most dead-
ly killers of African Americans.
And I think that anyone who sin-
cerely cares about the future of
Black America had better be speak-
ing out."

William L. Cody, M.D.
B. Vereen Chithriki, M.D.

Si. Vinceut's Division IV
1820 Barrs Street, Suite 521
Jacksonville, Florida 32204
(904) 387-9577

Reginald L. Sykes, Sr. M.D.P.A.



Become one of the
many that like to
stay informed.
Subscriptions are
only $35.50 and
usually in your
mailbox by Friday.
Call 634-1993
to get started today

Dr. Tonya Holinger and Dr. Reginald Sykes


- Hypertension Diabetes
- Elevated cholesterol Preventive Care
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Obesity Impotence and
- Children and immunizations function

Erectile Dys-

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3160 Edgewood Avenue Jacksonville, Florida 32209
OFFICE HOURS 8 a.m. 5 p.m. M T TH R 2-5 W

We are born with limitless potential.
Help us make sure that we all have the chance
to achieve. Please visit or call
Give to the United Negro g
o College Fund. )
Cmcorg nCP

..".: *t. ,. I .,,,,r, r, rr, ,:.z.,,, r, l.5r-, C i,: e*s-,cr va m sn all
10 11 12 13 14 IA i HalnakC
JACKSONVILLE LOCATIONS: 1012 N. Edgewood Ave., Tel. 904-786-2421
5134 Firestone Road, Tel. 904-771-0426 201 W. 48th St., Tel. 904-764-6178


a `~.

Future of King Center Up in the Air

Freedom Hall is located on the King Center grounds and houses the
personal artifacts and timelines relating to Dr. and Mrs. King and

Mahatma Gandhi.
ATLANTA Coretta Scott King
was the keeper of her late husband's
legacy of racial equality and nonvi-
olence, and some believe she could
still play that role in death, even as
the future of the King Center she
founded remains unclear.
With her death last week, the next
move for the King Center which
she established shortly after Martin
Luther King Jr.'s assassination to
keep his dream alive is now left up
to the couple's four children.
However, the four have been bick-
ering over control of the facility.
"Death sometimes moves things,"
said the Rev. Joseph Lowery, who
worked alongside the slain civil
rights leader at the Southern
Christian Leadership Conference.
"Maybe Coretta's death can heal
the rift between the children."
In recent years, The Martin Luther
King Jr. Center for Nonviolent
Social Change has fallen into disre-
pair and two of the Kings' children
- Martin Luther King III and
Bernice King recently acknowl-
edged they have been neglecting it
since their mother stepped down as
head of the facility in 1994.
In December, the center's board -
led by their brother, Dexter King -
voted to pursue a possible sale of
the building to the National Park
Service, a move that divided the

King children.
In her final months, as her family's
disagreements became public,
Coretta Scott King was unable to
speak because of a serious stroke
suffered in August that left her par-
tially paralyzed.
The 78-year-old matriarch died at
an alternative medicine clinic in
Mexico. Doctors at the clinic said
King was battling advanced ovarian
cancer when she arrived Thursday.
They said the cause of death was
respiratory failure.
Her body arrived by plane
Wednesday morning in Atlanta,
where her funeral is expected to be
held. Just two weeks ago, King
made her first public appearance in

a year, on the eve of her late hus-
band's birthday at an awards dinner
and fundraiser for the King Center.
Called the "first lady of the civil
rights movement," she was a sup-
portive lieutenant to her husband
and, after his death, carried on his
work while also raising their chil-
Lowery said the children need to
"get it together," because there is
still a need for the King Center.
"The folks who make history,
don't keep history," Lowery said.
"The center has a great future. We
must pledge our support. We need
to put our money where our mouth
Lowery suggested the family
open up the center's board of direc-
tors to "a democratic process" that
includes non-family members.
Juanita Abernathy, a close friend
of the family, said the King legacy
cannot and should not be the
responsibility of one person, or
even the King children.
"We're looking for a savior, but
we have the weapons to save our-
selves," Abernathy said. "It's up to
all of us to keep Dr. King's legacy
Coretta Scott King started the
King Center in the basement of the
couple's home in the year following
King's 1968 assassination. In 1981,
the center was moved into a multi-
million dollar facility on Auburn
Avenue, near King's birth home and
next to Ebenezer Baptist Church,
where he preached from 1960 until

his death.
For more than two decades, the
center has been a vault for those
seeking the teachings of the 1964
Nobel Peace Prize winner and
leader of the 1955 Montgomery
Bus Boycott. It draws thousands of
visitors each year, many who come
to pay their respects to King's hus-
band. His tomb is surrounded by a
reflecting pool in the center's court-
When King's widow stepped down
as head of the King Center 12 years
ago, she passed the job to her
youngest son, Dexter, who in turn
passed the job to Martin III in 2004
to pursue an entertainment career.
Martin III, who also has served as
president of the SCLC, was
replaced last year as head of the
center by his cousin, Isaac Newton
Farris Jr.
The Kings' daughters are Yolanda,
an actress and Bernice, the
youngest child, who is a Baptist
minister in Atlanta.
As the world grieves with the
King family, people should take
time to reflect and recommit to
King's message of peace afid love,
said state Rep. Tyrone Brooks of
Atlanta, who worked with the
Kings as a civil rights activist.
"Beyond the family, we as a com-
munity have to decide that we are
going to recommit ourselves to
those dreams and ideals that we saw
in the Kings," he said. "You honor
Dr. King and Mrs. King by doing
their work."

Jordan's King Abdullah II center, and New Orleans Mayor Ray
Nagin, right, talk as they walk during a tour of the destruction in the
lower 9th ward, Friday, Feb. 3, 2006, in New Orleans, as the city still
struggles to recover from the effects of Hurricane Katrina.

Jordan's King Abdullah

Visits New Orleans

Abdullah II of Jordan toured some
of the city's most devastated neigh-
borhoods last week, then visited a
fire station to express his country's
solidarity with New Orleans.
"This is not something that's
going to be solved in a day and a
night. This is a long challenge ...
We in Jordan will be with you with
whatever we can do," Abdullah
The king said he had spoken with
Mayor Ray Nagin, who accompa-
nied him on the tour, and discussed
ways Jordan might help the city
rebuild after Hurricane Katrina. He

already has donated $100,000 to the
Archdiocese of New Orleans.
"The international community is
looking up and wondering what's
going on," Nagin said. "And they're
saying, why is the support so slow
for New Orleans? The king asked
me that directly. I think the interna-
tional community may be poised to
help us fill the gap."
Earlier, during a visit to the
University of Mississippi in
Oxford, Miss., Abdullah said the
international community should
respect the decision the Palestinians
made in electing Hamas to lead
their parliament.

National Park Service Acquires Home of Carter G Woodson

The creator of Black History
Month made history himself this
year albeit posthumously. In cere-
monies held at Washington, D.C.'s
Shiloh Baptist Church, on January
28, Woodson's home became a part
of the National Park Services' treas-
ury of registered historic sites. No
small feat and, indeed, as it took
some heavy financial and political
lifting for this great day to occur.
The Shaw neighborhood where Dr.
Woodson lived and worked for 35
years had faced decades of neglect

and decline after a heyday where
notables such as Duke Ellington
and Chita Rivera once called home.
Offices for the Association for the
Study of African American Life and
History, founded by Woodson, were
located at 1538 9th Street, NW,
Washington, D.C. on the first two
floors while Dr. Woodson lived on
the third floor.
Dr. Woodson, the son of slaves,
worked in the coal mines of West
Virginia before being allowed to
attend high school, which he fin-

ished in two years. He obtained a
Ph.D. from Harvard in 1912, the
second Black to do so; W.E.B.
DuBois was the first in 1895.
As the years passed, the brick
house, built in the 1890s, fell into
disrepair. So did the surrounding
neighborhood; they began calling
the local middle school "Shameful
The historic significance of the
site was not lost on a group of pres-
ent and former Shaw residents.
Coalescing under the name

"Friends of Carter G. Woodson," it
began to hold numerous fundraisers
in 1987 to keep the financial wolves
at bay. Squatters, who lit matches
for indoor grilling, were moved to
safe quarters. Once the premises
were protectively sealed and the
deed firmly in the hands of its own-
ers, the Association for the Study of
African American Life and History,
efforts turned to securing a future of
which Dr. Woodson would be
proud. By 2001, the home would,
enter into the National Trust for

Historic Preservation as endangered

historic properties.
With a goal of preservation firm-
ly in mind, William H. Simons, for-
mer history teacher and treasurer of
ASALH, placed a call to a former
pupil, Eleanor Holmes Norton, del-
egate from the District of
Columbia. Thus, began the multi-
year tasks of scholarly inquiries as
to the sites' significance, feasibility
studies, financial studies, and all
manner of federal government
bureaucratic checklists. ..


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dedica e pai. Ad ihRie

Garden provi jnomeP~- ll. ~ rnlTo ptens*n teifa ile.*I .u im f ed
pleas call We'r herefor y

'ar weno rer:,
!on 2 ours.a day, 7 days a week
:'ri e roo in arf XMrd MnMnVacility
I i' ist P IT,7
OrgAnized a tivities
Access to all Nver Garden amenities
Pet visitation
Care regardless of faith

For more information, call 800-727-1889

H 0 S P I C E
I, n ',c "I .i- .i I-

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 11

Februarv 9 15, 2006



.AB.t )r.o..d TTlOWN

What to do from social, volunteer, political and sports activities to self enrichment and the civic scene

2006 Sickle Cell
Disease Symposium
The Pediatric Sickle Cell Pro-
gram at Shands Jacksonville/
Nemours Children's Clinic & Sickle
Cell Association of America
Northeast Florida Chapter invites
health professionals to join them in
"breaking the sickle cycle." The
Sickle Cell Disease Health Sympo-
sium, "Strengthening Partnerships,
Policies and Services," will be held
Friday and Saturday, February
10th and 11th. For information,
please call (904) 244-4178.

Southern Genealogist's
Exchange Society
The February monthly meeting of
The Southern Genealogist's
Exchange Society, Inc., 6215
Sauterne Drive, (Westside) will be
held on Saturday, February 11th at
10:00 A.M. Mr. Arnold Weeks,
Director of the Clay County Public
Library. He will be speaking on the
resources available within the
library to assist with your family
search. Meetings are open to all
For more information: (904) 778-

Ain't Misbehavin
on Ritz Centerstage
Experience Harlem in its heyday
with Fats Waller's high energy, toe-
tapping musical revue "Ain't
Misbehavin". "Ain't Misbehavin"'
is a world of bootlegging, Fox-

Trotting and outrageous mayhem.
The play will have one performance
only on Saturday, February 11th at
7:30 p.m. The show will be at the
Ritz Theater. For more information
call 632-5555.

Links Western Gala
The Jacksonville Chapter of Links
will present their annual Western
Gala themed "A Celebration of
Country Soul" on February 11th at
the Jacksonville Fairgrounds.
Festivities will kick off at 7:30 p.m.
For more information, contact any
jacksonville Links member or email

Prominent Women
of Color Meeting
The Prominent Women Of Color,
Inc. will hold their monthly meeting
on Saturday, February 11, 2006 at
the Main Library Downtown, Room
Gl conference level. For more
information please contact Melinda
(904)707-9901 or Tameao (904)

100 Black Men
College Fair
The 100 Black Men of
Jacksonville will host the 3rd
Annual Infinite Scholars / 100
Black Men of Jacksonville College
Fair on Saturday, February 11,
2006 at the Holiday Inn Airport, I-
95 and Airport Road, Jacksonville
from 9 AM to 3 PM. In attendance

Y Holding Registration for

Adult and Youth Basketball
The James Weldon Johnson Family YMCA is now accepting teams to
play in the Men and Women's adult basketball league. Team registration is
now through February 25. There will be a captain's meeting on Monday,
Febiruary 13th at the Johnson YMCA 5700 Cleveland Road. They are also
accepting Tee Ball registrations for boys and girls ages 4 through 9 and
Baseball registrations for Boys 10-12. We are also looking for coaches to
teach our kids. Registration is now through November February 17. To
register stop by the Y at 5700 Cleveland Road or call 765-3589. You can
also download the application at

Po you know an

Unsung Hero?

Someone who is constantly doing for others and put-
ting someone else's needs before their own, a friend that
goes beyond the norm? A tireless volunteer? Nominate
he or she for the Unsung Hero spotlight and they could
win a profile in the Jacksonville Free Press and a $50
gift certificate from Publix Supermarkets.

Why are you nominating this person

will be over 30 major universities
and colleges from over the US and
Florida. Students are asked to pre-
register at
and bring several copies of their
high school transcripts, standard-
ized test scores (ACT or SAT) and
videotapes of talent or special abili-
ties (music or athletics) for the
recruiters and representatives to
review. Admissions interviews
will be conducted on site. For more
information, call 924-2545

DL Hughley Highlights
UNF Homecoming
The University of North Florida

will celebrate its annual homecom-
ing Saturday, Feb. 11, through
Saturday, Feb. 18. Numerous events
will be held, including old favorites
like a comedy show, featuring this
year comedian DL Hughley, the
parade and basketball game, as well
as new happenings such as a home-
coming pageant and a Day of Fun
on the Green. The concert will be
held on Saturday, February 11th in
the UNF Arena. Doors open at 7
p.m. Tickets can be purchased at the
UNF Ticket Box Office at (904)

JCA Family
Wellness Expo
This is the one you have been
waiting for! Join the JCA for their
annual Family Wellness Expo &
Open House, co-sponsored by
Coastal Care Medical Center, on
Sunday, February 12, 2006 from 1
4 p.m. There will be health
screenings and a delicious and
healthy cooking demo with Chef
Dan. You can browse over 30
booths, meet Jaguar cheerleaders
and talk with JCA fitness profes-:
sionals. For more information, call .
Hollie Arnold, Membership
Director, at 730-2100 ext. 234.

Beach Lady
Film Screening
The film: The Beach Lady
(MaVynnee Oshun Betsch of
American Beach), produced by
Nowhere Productions will have a
free screening on Wednesday,

February 15th at the Ritz Theater
at 4:30 p.m. For more information
call 632-5555. The screening is
open to the public.

2006 AIDS Summit
The 2006 AIDS Summit will be
held on February 16-17, 2006.
This year's theme is "Strike Out
HIV/AIDS". The summit will be
held at the BeThe Lite Conference
Center, 5865 Arlington Express-
way. For additional information call
904-358-1622 x230.

Lunch & Learn
Music for Your Eyes
The Women's Center of
Jacksonville will present their
February Lunch & Learn Series
"Music for Your Eyes" on Friday,
February 17th from 12 p.m. 1
p.m. The free event will be facilitat-
ed by local artist Liz Burns who
will talk about her inspiration to
paint and the musical influences
that surround her. Participants will
be inspired by Liz's work to create a
painting together. Participants
should bring their own lunch and
drinks will be provided Women's
Center located at 5644 Colcord
Avenue. For more information
concerning the Art & Soul Program
or the Women's Center of
Jacksonville, contact Susan
Demato at 904-333-9616 or artand-

Jazz Artist Will
Downing in Concert
Jazz artist Will Downing with spe-
cial guest Gerald Albright will be in
concert on Saturday, February 18
at 8 PM at the Florida Theater. For
tickets or more information call

Old Fashion Fish Fry
There will be a Fish Fry on
Saturday, February 18th from 11
a.m. to 3 p.m. The Fry will be held
at 376 Fourth Avenue South.
Proceeds from the Fish Fry Dinner
and sale will benefit the Rhoda L.
Martin Museum. For more informa-
tion call Callie Holloway at 249-

The Ritz Hosts 3rd Sat
Jazz & Blues Lounge
The Third Saturday Jazz and
Blues Lounge at The Ritz featuring
local and national jazz recording
artists. The Caf6 style atmosphere is
relaxed, the crowd is smooth and
the music is always hot.
Jali to Jazz f/Baba Fred Johnson
Quartet, February 18th; Maysa,
March 18th; Rene Marie, April 1st;
and Jon Lucien, April 15th. For
information, call (904)632-5555.

Soul Release Poetry
Soul Release Poetry, Jacksonville's
longest running spoken word poetry
event in Northeast Florida, will be
held Saturday February 18th
beginning at 7:30 p.m. at
Boomtown Theatre and
Restaurant's. It is located down-
stairs at The Park Building, #140
Monroe Street across from
Hemming Plaza (park). The event
features an open mic for poets and
singers, hip hop and R&B by guest
DJs and nationally known spoken
word artists. For more information,

Black History
Clasically Speaking
The Riverside Fine Arts
Association and the Ritz Chamber
Players are bringing together an
outstanding group of musicians and
special guest artists to present
Triumphant Voices: A Musical
Celebration of Black History
Month, on Sunday, February 19,
at 3 p.m. at Jacoby Symphony Hall
in the Times-Union Center for the
Performing Arts. The concert is a
celebration of the power of music to
enrich and sustain the spirit, pre-
sented in two distinctly different
program segments. For tickets, call

FCCJ Gospel
Chorale in Concert
The Florida Community College
of Jacksonville Downtown Campus
Gospel Chorale will be in concert
February 23, 2006 7:00 p.m. in
room A1068. For more information
call (904)633-8210

African American
Genealogy Class
"Discovering your Roots:
Genealogy for the African
American" will be the topic for a
free forum at the Jacksonville
Public Libraries main branch on
Thursday, February 23rd.
Jacksonville native Flo Rush-White
will discusses her journey through
eight generations of family history
and the resources that made it pos-
sible: family photos, library
resources, local genealogical soci-
eties, and the griot storytelling tra-
dition. The event begins at 6 p.m. in
the special collections department.
For more information, call 630-

Kem in Concert
Recording Artist Kem will be pre-
forming at the Times Union Center
for Performing Arts Moran Theater,
on Thursday Feb. 23, 2006 at 8:00
p.m. For ticket information call
(904)424-9754 or call ticketmaster
(904) 353-3309

Wakaguzi Forum
Wakaguza Forum will presents
Folklorist Dr.Joseph Mbele at
Edward Waters Collegeon
Thursday, February 23, 2006 at
7:00 p.m.. The Forum will be held
in the Assessment Bldg.on campus.
The theme of Dr. Mbele's lecture is
is "Pan-Africanism Revisited:
Examining America's African
Diaspora". This event is free and
open to members of the general
public. For more information con-
tact Professor Baruti Katembo at
(904)634-1561 or e-mail:mhen-

The Jacksonville branch of the
NAACP will be hostin the 28th
annual Afro-Aremican Cultural,
Technological and Scientific
Olympics Saturday, February 25,
2006, from 9:00 a.m. until noon at
Douglas Anderson School of the
Arts, 2445 San Diego Rd. Come see
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February 8 14, 2006

Pnr I MP P-rr 1 re rs

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Talk Show Diva Has Funnyman Dave 1

Chappelle Wide Open on National TV

"Love is like a nutrient," comedi-
an Dave Chappelle told Oprah
Winfrey during a show that aired
last week As he hit the audience
with exaggerated puppy dog eyes,
he said of his sudden departure
from his Comedy Central show: "I
was deficient on vitamin love."
In Chappelle's mind, the vitamin
deficiency coupled with the reac-
tion of people around him follow-
ing his $50 million deal with
Comedy Central for "Chappelle's
Show," and the wrong laugh of one
staffer during a racially-charged
skit was enough to send him run-
ning from a record-setting contract
with the network; leaving the suc-
cessful series just before the pre-
miere of its third season and taking
a "spiritual retreat" in South Africa.
When asked by Winfrey if he had
"lost his mind," as reports suggest-
ed at the time of his departure,
Chappelle said: "No, not exactly.
When you're a person who makes
money, they have a vested interest
in controlling you. ... It's the way
people around you position them-
selves around you to get into you ...
it infuriates me."
Chappelle also denied that he had
been on drugs or spent time in an
African psychiatric hospital. He
told Winfrey that his brother was
the only person he told of his trip
before leaving, and his brother was
given the job of notifying others,
including his wife and children.

Dave Chappelle's appearance on Oprah was his first live interview
since he walked away from his hit show and $50 million paycheck.

Chappelle chose Africa as his desti-
nation, he said, because he "needed
a break" and it was "a place where I
could really reflect."
Asked by Winfrey if he had grown
paranoid, Chappelle said, "What's a
black man without his paranoia
attack? I had $50 million. That's
like making me a marked man."
He said the producers of his show
were "wrong 100 percent of the
time about what people would
like," and described the production

process as a "tremendous amount of
work" that completely stressed him
"I was doing sketches that were
funny but socially irresponsible,"
he said, citing a skit for the third
season in which a pixie in blackface
appears to a character as "the visual
personification of the N-word.'" As
Chappelle was taping the sketch, he
said someone on the set laughed in
a way that made him know he was
being laughed at and not laughed

"It was the first time I've gotten a
laugh I was uncomfortable with,"
he said. "I don't want black people
to be disappointed in me for putting
that out." While Chappelle said the
incident was a tipping point to his
departure, he admitted that it wasn't
the first time he had thought about
"Long before I walked I had con-
sidered walking," he said.
When asked if he would ever
return to "Chapelle's Show," he said
he would consider it only if certain
changes were made, including hav-
ing complete control of the pro-
gram, and ensuring that a portion of
the DVD sales go toward charity.
He told Winfrey: "I want to
restructure the deal ... Half of the
DVD revenue, if we can make a
deal where I have the control of that
...half the DVD revenue goes back
to the people that we see fit."
"I want to give money to someone
who's not exploiting me," he added,
so that if he does something "social-
ly irresponsible" in his comedy, at
least the money will go to a social-
ly responsible cause. Under those
conditions, Chappelle said he
would consider a return to Comedy
Following the show, Comedy
Central responded in a statement:
"Dave is a comedic genius whose
work we truly value and our door
will always be open to him."

Get the Gospel with Stevie
The incomparable Stevie Wonder caught the spirit of the night at BET's
Black History Month music special, Celebration of Gospel! The two-hour
telecast hosted, by Steve Harvey, features musical performances, guest
appearances and special salutes to some of the greatest names in gospel
history. Musical artists from both the inspirational and secular worlds will
appear on gospel's biggest night including Mary Mary, Anthony Hamilton,
Kirk Franklin, Donnie McClurkin, Tyrese, Cece Winans, Pastor Shirley
Caesar, Fred Hammond, Sheila E. and many, many more. See all the soul
stirring performances on Thursday, February 23rd at 9:00 P.M. on BET.

Singer opens new luxury four-star spot in Atlanta.
On Valentine's Day, R&B crooner Keith Sweat will open the doors to his
brand new hotel in Atlanta, GA.
The artist's S Hotel, located at 395 Piedmont Ave in Midtown, boasts
294 rooms designed by Sweat himself with an eye toward pulling in the
business market. Each room comes with flat screen televisions, CD/DVD
players, high-speed wireless Internet and an en-suite bathroom with bath
and separate walk-in power shower. Additionally, the hotel offers sev-
eral smaller meeting rooms, a business center, club lounge with compli-
mentary breakfast, all-day refreshments, evening drinks and snacks, 220
car parking spaces and a host of leisure facilities, including a gym, sauna

John Legend Ready for His Turn in the Grammy Spotlight

John Legend warmed up for the Grammy's in Jamaica at the recent
2006 Air Jamaica Jazz and Blues Festival Joining Legend on the
stage were other stars including Patti LaBelle, Bo Diddley, Air Supply
Shaggy, James Ingram and Al Green.

John. Legend's debut album, "Get
Lifted," had been out for only a few
months when the soulful newcomer
found himself center stage at last
year's Grammys.
Except the attention wasn't
focused on him. Legend was play-
ing piano behind his mentor, Kanye
West, who was up for 10 Grammys
that evening (he would take home
But Legend had an inkling that
next time, the spotlight would be on
him. "People were telling me at the
Grammys, 'John, you're going to be

here next year. You're going to be
doing well.'"
He's doing more than well. The
27-year-old singer-songwriter-
pianist is nominated for eight
Grammys, including song of the
year for "Ordinary People" and
best new artist. Only West and
Mariah Carey matched his eight
"Everybody had a feeling that this
could happen, but you never know
the magnitude, and I never expected
it to be this big," says the boyish,
sharply dressed musician during an

interview at Sony Studios.
"Clearly I want to win, but being
nominated was big for me, especial-
ly being nominated so many times.
. Being in a headline with Kanye
and Mariah is a very nice thing," he
While he may share a headline
with Carey, he's tied to West. After
meeting a few years ago, West used
Legend's skills on his album and
other productions. In turn, West
became Legend's biggest promoter.
Columbia Records signed Legend
and released his critically
acclaimed album, which has sold
more than 1 million copies, in
December 2004. West was an exec-
utive producer and appears on one
of the tracks.
Legend says his "apprenticeship"
with the brash West, who was just
becoming a rap superstar in his own
right that year, was integral to his
commercial success.
"People cared more about [my
album] because he was attached to
it," Legend says. "So it got more
attention than just the average R&B
singer would have got."
Legend is now inspiring those
same sentiments from others. Alicia
Keys, who selected Legend to open
her tour last year, calls him a true
musician and song craftsman in a
beat-driven, cliche-ridden pop
"He's special. He's a person that
plays and sings and writes his own
music. He's not trying to keep up

with the Joneses," she says. "I think
a lot of people are seeking it out --
the truth of it."
Perhaps the best example of that
kind of truth is his most successful
single, "Ordinary People," which
Legend also co-wrote. An intimate
ballad that features only Legend's
voice and a piano, it focuses on the
difficulties of keeping a relation-
ship alive. -: .. .
"People always tell me [that
song] helped save their relationship

or helped them think about their
relationship or helped them talk
through things," Legend says.
Not that it's all love and romance.
There are songs that deal with
cheating and lust, and he penned his
own song about gold diggers before
West wrote a hit on the same topic.
"I wanted to be reflective of the
whole gamut of relationship issues
that .we talkC-about," he says. "I
think people appreciate that more."

and steam room.
The S Hotel's Grand Opening cere-
mony on Feb 14 will feature live per-
formances by a few of Sweat's star
friends and filmed for a DVD.
Nicole Richie is wasting away.
According to "In Touch" magazine,
the 24-year-old "Simple Life" star is
now shopping in the kids department
for clothing to fit her increasingly
thin frame. A friend tells the maga-
zine: "Nicole hasaidffipult tiMr9uy--,
ing clothes now that she's so thin.
Even size 0 seems to be too big."

Like the generations who came before them,

this family treasures good times together.

Discovering our past helps us understand who we are today.
The Coca-Cola Company celebrates the "Secret Formula"
that makes up each of us.

V ..

CelbrteBlak isor Mothwih Jckonile sprn'eIn- 0o ddctd oArca mrca utr

Ain't Mishehavin'
February 11, 7 "'-.. S26
Experience Harlem in its
heyday with Fats Waller's high
energy, toe-tapping musical
revue "Ain't" i ".
"Ain't Misbehavin'" is a world
of '.,j-, Fox- -i r.1I, ,.
and outrageous mayhem.
This versatile cast brings r- to
the songs that Fats'"' '
made legendary, and
celebrates the music of an era
busting at the seams with
liquor, laughs and ii. i ,
i ,,i tim es.

Griot's Festival: Night of the Griot
February '-, 8pm, $15
Stories are always better at
night, and the 'i )"_r of the Griot
,' be one you won't forget.
Nothando guarantees laughter
with her pantyhose story. Griot 3
,,,i i.,ii.J [io- sweet word' with
their "sto-etry", Teju the verbal
illusionist illuminates the tales
from 'the black hand side' and
the magical melodic voice of
Victoria Burnett will embrace you
like 'the souls of black folk'. This
will be a special ihJiyii of the

Griot's Festival: Tales and

February 18, 2pm, $7,50
_.rI-, :, your family for tall tales and
short tales, rhythm and rhyme
celebrating the heritage of the
people of the African Diaspora.
Master storytellers Nothando,
Teju and Victoria Burnett blend
classic folk tales, African
American history, and personal
experience into a spicy gumbo of
entertainment and learning.

Briot's Festival: Jali to Jazz
FebruarylB, 2pm, $15
Jazz began in the heart of the
Jali, the West African village
musician who kept the ears
full with the sweet sounds of
his music. Sensational jazz
musician and vocalist Baba
Fled Johnson and his quartet
will mesmerize you with
pulsating African percussion
and rhythms. Storytellers
Victoria Burnett and Teju will
tell the stories of the journey
from Jali to Jazz.



The Coca-Cola Company is a proud sponsor of African American Lives.
Airing on PBS in February 2006.

2006 The Coca-Cola Company. "Coca-Cola classic" and the Dynamic Ribbon are trademarks of The Coca-Cola Company.

Ms. Perry's Free Press Page 13

Fb 9 14 2006


C", roa cmewq



Page 14 Ms. Perry's Free Press February 9 15, 2006



my recipe for living, my history.



Leah Chase's rise to Queen of Creole Cuisine
didn't start with a hunger for fame and
fortune, but instead from a desire to provide
hot lunches to Black men beginning to work
in nearby offices. Believing that "you have to
put all your love in that pot," Chef Chase's
passion isn't just about good
food, but also a testament to her
legacy of determination, cultural pride
and community involvement.

@2006 Publix Asset Management, Inc.


Page 14 Ms. Perry's Free Press

February 9 15, 2006

Full Text
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