Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Back Cover

Group Title: Schweizerische Robinson
Title: The Swiss family Robinson, or, Adventures of a shipwrecked famiily on a desolate island
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027951/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Swiss family Robinson, or, Adventures of a shipwrecked famiily on a desolate island
Uniform Title: Schweizerische Robinson
Alternate Title: Adventures of a shipwrecked famiily on a desolate island
Physical Description: 324, 8 p., 6 leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wyss, Johann David, 1743-1818
T. Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: T. Nelson & Sons
Place of Publication: London
New York
Publication Date: 1872
Copyright Date: 1872
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Family -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Juvenile fiction -- Oceania   ( lcsh )
Robinsonades -- 1874   ( rbgenr )
Family stories -- 1874   ( local )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1874   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1874
Genre: Robinsonades   ( rbgenr )
Family stories   ( local )
Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
General Note: Added title page and plates printed in colors.
General Note: Publisher's catalogue follows text.
General Note: Translation of: Die schweizerische Robinson.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027951
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - ALJ0680
oclc - 60585657
alephbibnum - 002240137

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Page i
        Page ii
    Half Title
        Page iii
    Title Page
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
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Full Text

*; 7


-he Baldwin Lib-ra l
9? B-oUnivifity

L -,-- L-



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-et in rhis Eden of all pienteou nes,
-'elt onlih eterial sumnt.er .
The glo--
Sld gicries ot the broad belt of the wo.ii
All 'li e 1t-y sat.

L N) 0 N:


eQ -.Y -reface. 53

THE following Work has already obtained a celebrity,
not in England only, but throughout France and
Germany, which renders it altogether needless to
say anything here in regard to its high merits, or
its peculiar adaptation to interest and instruct the
youthful mind.
A Swiss Pastor, having set out with his wife and
young family, with the intention of settling as colo-
nists in one of the newly-discovered regions of the
Southern Ocean, has expended his small patrimony
in the purchase of cattle, agricultural implements, and
a variety of farming stock well suited for his proposed
destination. After a prosperous voyage has conducted
the ship into southern latitudes, the narrative opens
on the breaking out of a violent storm, which drives
the ill-fated vessel out of its course, and at length
dashes it upon the rocks of an unknown coast, leaving
it a total wreck. The family are providentially
rescued from their perilous, and apparently hopeless
situation on the abandoned wreck, and effect a land-


ing on the strange shore, where, for eleven years,
they industriously and successfully struggle with the
trials and privations of the castaway, without ever
seeing the long-hoped-for sail on the distant horizon.
The following pages consist of the Journal sup-
posed to be kept by the good Pastor during this
long period. The picture which it exhibits of piety,
resignation, and virtuous contentment, is well cal-
culated to furnish many excellent lessons for the
improvement of the young reader; while the ever
varying incidents and changing events excite the
liveliest interest, and the illustrations of character
and descriptions of natural history combine amuse-
ment with instruction in the most engaging style.
Taken as a whole, the narrative of the Adventures
of the Swiss Family Robinson will be found abun-
dantly to merit the high estimation with which it
has been already received on the Continent, and will
justly claim one of the very foremost places in the
library of the youthful British student.

-.. u -


Chapter Page
I. The Shipwreck, ... ... .. ... 9
II. The Landing, ... ... ... .. ... 18
Ill. A Tour of Discovery, ... ..*. .. ... 28
IV. Return from the Tour of Discovery-Nocturnal Alarm, 39
V. Return to the Wreck, ... ... ... ... 51
VI. Floating the Herd, ... ... ... ... 58
VII. The Second Journey of Discovery, ... ... ... 63
VIII. Bridge-Building, ... ... .. ... 68
IX. Change of Residence, ... ... ... ... 76
X. Establishment under the Great Tree, ... ... 83
XI. Encampment under the Great Tree, ... ... 89
XII. The First Sabbath, ... ... ... ... 93
XIII. Topography, ... ... ... ... ... 102
XIV. The Sledge, ... ... ... ... ... 109
XV. New Supplies from the Wreck, ... ... ... 116
XVI. Cassava Bread, ... ... ... .. 125
XVII. The Pinnace, ... ... ... .. .. 133
XVIII. Gymnastic Exercises, ... ... ... ... 139
XIX. Exploring Excursion, ... ... ... ... 148
XX. Useful and Ornamental Arts, ... ... ... 156
XXi. New Discoveries, ... ... ... ... 164
XXII. Sago Manufactory, ... ... ... .. 175
XXIII. The Staircase, ... ... ... ... ... 182
XXIV. The Wild Ass, ... .. ... ... 189
XXV. The Rainy Season, .. .. ... 198


Chapter Page,
XX VI. The Salt Cavern, ... .. ... ... 205
XXVII. The Cave Dwelling, ... ... ... 214
XXVIII. New Projects and Discoveries. ... ... 217
XXIX. The Farm Houses, ... ... ... ... 223
XXX. Our Winter Dwelling, ... ... ... 229
XXXI. Dissection of the Whale, ... ... ... 235
XXXII. The Boa-Constrictor, ... ... ... 243
XXXIII. Death of the Ass and the Boa, ... ... 249
XXXIV. Excursion to the Great Bay, ... ... ... 256
XXXV. Excursion into a New Country, ... ... 263
XXXVI. Expedition of the Boys, ... ... ... 274
XXXVII. The Ostrich Hunt, ... ... ... ... 282
XXXVIII. Ostrich Training, ... ... ... ... 289
XXXIX. Return of the Rainy Season, ... ... ... 296
XL. The Boys' Adventures, ... ... ... 305
XLI. The Kajack, ... ... ... ... 314
XLII. The Storm, ... ... ... ... 320
XLIII. Expedition to the Savannah, ... ... ... 324
XLIV. The Pigeon Courier, .. .. ... 332
XLV. Construction of a Redoubt, ... ... 338
XLVI. General Review of the Colony, ... 346
XLVII. The Castaway, ... .. ... ... 354
XLVIII. The New Sister. ... ... .. .. 360
XLIX. Conclusion, .. ... ... 370




THE tempest having continued during six long and
terrible days, with no appearance of abatement, it
seemed on the se enth to rage with redoubled fury.
We were driven far to the south-east of our true
course, and no one could form any idea where we
were; while we were dejected and utterly worn out
by the labour of our protracted watch. The masts
were broken, the sails in tatters, and the ship, already
full of water, threatened every moment to go down.
Commending my soul to God, and no longer dream-
ing of the possibility of escape, I thus addressed my
four sons: My children, God can save us still, if he
please, but if our last hour has come, we must resign
ourselves, without murmuring, to the Divine will.
Let us rejoice in the hope of another life, where we
shall never be separated."


My poor wife, having dried her tears, assumed an
aspect of composure, and cheered the children who
sought refuge near her. Yet it was with difficulty
that I could master my own feelings, while I sought
to excite them to submissive resignation. Then
uniting together, we prayed to Almighty God, and
the earnestness of my dear children showed me how
suitable and encouraging prayer is, even to those of
the most tender age.
Suddenly we heard above the noise of the waves,
the cry of "Land! land !" At the same instant the
ship received so violent a shock, that we were con-
vinced it had struck, and must immediately go to
pieces. The fearful noie and rending of the timbers
gave new force to our terrors; and the water at the
same time entered the ship with such force, that we
could no longer doubt all hope was over. As I
listened, the captain shouted, We are sinking, cast
the boats loose!" The cry went to my heart like a
dagger, but I still sought to reassure my children,
knowing how unavailing is despair. Be of good
cheer," said I to them, "God will help those who
put their trust in him. I go to see if there remains
for us even now no hope of safety."
I left them and mounted on the deck; where I was
immediately thrown down by a billow, which com-
pletely drenched me. Recovering myself, I gained
a position where I was beyond the reach of the waves.
I saw to my horror all the boats alongside; the whole
crew were already overboard, and the last of thc


sailors, as he sprung after his companions, cut the
rope, and set them at large.
I cried, I implored, and conjured them to take me
and my dear children, but in vain. The noise of the
tempest drowned my voice; and the fury of the waves
was such that it was impossible for the boats tu
venture back. All chance of escape seemed over. I
remarked, however, with returning hope, that the
water in the ship did not reach beyond a certain
height, and that the part where my family still were
was so firmly jammed between two rocks, that there
seemed to be no immediate danger of its sinking.
Casting my eyes southward, I perceived land, which,
notwithstanding its savage aspect, became immediately
the object of all my hope and desires.
Returning to my family, I struggled to assume
a calm demeanour. "Take courage, my dear chil-
dren I exclaimed on entering: All is not yet
lost; if the vessel remain fixed, our little cabin is still
beyond the reach of the waves, and if the morrow
were come, and the sea abated, we may yet reach the
This assurance was received with transports of
joy, and the children passed at once from despair to
the opposite extreme of confident hope. They re-
garded it as certain that we must speedily escape, nor
did I fail to note that the violent osillafions of the
vessel had ceased, and that we were no longerthrown
violently against each other by its motions. But my
wife saw through my assumed composure, and divined


the grief that was at my heart. I made her under-
stand by signs our entire situation, and I felt my
courage sustained by seeing her Christian resigna-
tion. Take some refreshment," said she, "the
mind is strengthened with the body, and perhaps this
weary night will pass away." The tempest con-
tinued with unabated fury, rending away the loose
timbers from the shattered ship, and making the
whole vibrate so that we expected every moment it
would go in pieces. As I listened to the progress of
the resistless waves, I could only comfort myself with
the conviction that it was impossible the boats, whose
departure I had witnessed with such anguish, could
have escaped its fury.
My wife had been able to procure some refresh-
ments before darkness set in, and the children par-
took of them with avidity; after which they retired
to their berths, and were soon in a profound sleep,
notwithstanding the noise of the storm. Fritz, the
eldest, alone watched with us. I have been con-
sidering," said he, how we may yet be saved. If
we could only find some means of keeping my mother
and brothers afloat in the water, you and I are inde-
pendent of such aid, and we could swim with them to
land." A happy thought," I replied, let us take
measures for putting it to test with the dawn." We
accordingly sought in our little cabin for such empty
barrels as seemed large enough to keep a person afloat.
These we tied together in pairs, leaving space enough
between them to admit of their being secured round


the waists and below the arms of the children. This
done, we collected together the most necessary and
portable articles which we could secure about our
persons, hoping, even if the vessel went to pieces
before morning, that we might thus be able to reach
the shore.
Fritz being by this time worn out with his exer-
tion, threw himself down on his bed, and was soon
asleep like the rest. As for me and my poor wife,
we continued to watch, trembling at every wave
which threatened to engulf us. It was a trying
night for us both. Towards dawn the wind began
to abate, and I hailed with delight the morning
rays breaking upon us as the clouds dispersed. I
called my wife and children to me on the deck,
when the latter for the first time perceived with
astonishment that we were alone. "Where are
the sailors?" they exclaimed, why are they not on
the deck with us?" My children," I replied, a
greater than man has been our protector, and he
will continue to care for us if we put our trust in
Him. Let us now to work, and try what can be
done for our own safety, for God will not succour
those who will not help themselves." Fritz imme-
diately exclaimed that the sea seemed even now so
calm, he saw nothing to prevent us all swimming to
land. But his younger brother, Ernest, replied:
" It is all very well for you who are strong; but we
cannot swim, and would be drowned." "Trouble
not your minds with such apprehensions," said I,


" but rather go and see if nothing can be got that
may be useful to ue in our present situation." At
these words all dispersed in different directions, to
see what could be done. In the meantime I de-
scended to the provision-room, to ascertain if we
had still the means of present subsistence within our
reach. My wife, accompanied with the younger
children, proceeded to examine the live stock, already
severely suffering from hunger and thirst. Fritz
went in search of arms and ammunition. Ernest
laid hold of the carpenter's tools, while Jack set off
to ransack the captain's cabin; but the instant the
little fellow opened the door, two huge dogs sprung
out, and leaped on him with such boisterous demon-
strations of joy, that he thought they were about to
devour him. But he speedily recovered his courage,
and on my return from examining the provisions, my
surprise was great to find him mounted on the back
of the largest of them, which approached as if to wel-
come my return.
While smiling at this unexpected reception, the
various explorers returned with their prizes. Fritz
brought with him two fowling-pieces, with balls and
well-filled powder-flasks. Ernest held in his hand
his hat, filled with nails and a hammer, while the
carpenter's pincers and rule protruded from his
pouch; and little Francis appeared behind him,
with a packet under his arm, from which protruded
fishing-hooks and lines.
"As for me," said my wife, appearing at the


same instant, I am the bearer of good news; since
I am able to inform you that we have still safely on
board a cow, an ass, two goats, six sheep, a ram, and
a sow with young-the whole of which I have good
hope may be preserved." All that you bring,"
said I, is excellent, save Jack's companions, whose
only use will be to eat up what we can recover."
" Not at all,' exclaimed the little fellow, in the
highest spirits, when we get to land, they will help
us to hunt." Yes," said I, with some despondency;
"but how are we to reach the land?" O, easily
enough," Master Jack replied; "can we not get
ashore in the great tub? I have sailed in it long
ago, on grandpapa's pond at S--." "A happy
thought! good counsel sometimes proceeds even from
the mouth of a child. Come along, then; let me have
the saw and hammer, with some nails, and we shall
soon see what can be done." We descended accord-
ingly into the hold, which was already half full of
water, on which, to our great joy, we observed four
great empty casks afloat; which, without very great
difficulty, we succeeded in getting upon the lower
deck. I found them admirably adapted to my pur-
pose, and, with my son's assistance, had them sawn
in two. This was not accomplished without much
labour, and we were glad, when it was done, to
refresh ourselves with some wine and biscuits which
we had found in the cabin. I contemplated with
much satisfaction my eight life-boats ranged in row,
and was surprised to see that my wife looked on


them with an air of despondency and fear. I shall
never be able," said she, to venture on the sea in
one of these." Do not be so sure of that, my dear,"
I replied; my work is not yet finished, and you
will soon see that these tubs are more to be depended
on than this shattered wreck."
I then took a long and flexible plank, and on this
I arranged my eight tubs, nailing them firmly to it.
I secured two other planks in like manner along the
sides, and by the time my work was finished, I had
produced a very tolerable boat, divided into eight
compartments, and which appeared by no means un-
suited for navigation over a calm sea.
But I discovered, to my dismay, when my work
was done, that, with all our united efforts, we could
not move it an inch. I called for a jack-screw which
I had observed before, and meanwhile I set to work
to saw up a spar into short rollers. One of these
Fritz contrived to slip under an end of our boat,
while I raised it with the screw. I next attached a
long rope to the raft, the other end of which I
secured to the ship, and then, placing other two of
the rollers in front, I soon had the satisfaction of
seeing it in motion, with the aid of the jack, until at
length it was fairly launched into the sea, with such
impetus, that but for the precaution I had adopted, it
must have been carried far beyond our reach. The
next difficulty arose from the too great buoyancy of
our novel craft, which, I feared, must upset if we
attempted to enter it; but a i,;i. i. of ballast


soon removed this objection, and everything seemed
ready for our escape. My children raised a shout
of joy at the sight, and contended who should be the
first to enter. I saw well, however, that we could
not venture in it with safety, as the slightest move-
ment would still be liable to upset it. To obviate
this danger more effectually, I proceeded to construct
outriggers, similar to those which various savage
tribes employ for the same end. Having selected
two spars, I secured one across. the stem, and the
other at the stern of my little craft. The ends of
these I thrust into the bung-holes of four empty
casks; and securing them so that they should not
impede our embarkation, I looked upon my novel
boat with a degree of confidence that assured me of
safety. It was now necessary to steer it out from
among the fragments of the wreck which surrounded
it. I got into one of the open casks or tubs, and
succeeded in pushing out so as to clear the wreck,
and secure it alongside, where it could lie both
safely and accessibly, till our other preparations
were completed.
It was late before our plans were thus fdr carried
out, and we saw that all idea of escape for that day
must be abandoned; we were, therefore, under the
necessity of passing another night on board the
wreck, though conscious that it was in danger of
going to pieces before the morning. We now took,
for the first time, a hearty meal-the engrossing
nature of our work having hitherto prevented us


obtaining more than a slight refreshment of wine
and biscuits. I also advised my wife to exchange
her dress for that of a sailor, as so much better
suited for the exertion she would have to undergo.
This I had some difficulty in persuading her to
adopt; but after reasoning the point with her, si,
withdrew, and speedily returned in a dress which
had belonged to one of the young seamen. The
novel costume made her feel very awkward at first,
but the feeling soon wore off; and, as I cheered her
with good hopes for the morrow, she retired to her
hammock, and was soon enjoying a tranquil sleep-
the best preparative for the labours that were be-
fore us.



AT break of day we were all astir. After com-
mending all to the protection of our heavenly Father,
I thus addressed my children: I hope that, by
the blessing of God, we shall soon be out of danger.
Meanwhile give the poor animals on board both food
and drink enough to last them for several days,
Perhaps we may yet be able to return and rescue
them. Let all reassemble speedily, and bring with
them such things as are indispensable for our present
. wants." My plan was to take along with us a barrel


of powder, three fowling-pieces, three muskets, three
pairs of pistols, and as large a stock of balls as we
could carry. I sought out also for my wife, and
each of the children, game-bags, which had belonged
to the officers of the ship. I took next a case of
portable soup, and another of biscuit, an iron pot,
fishing-tackle, a chest of tools, and canvass enough
to make a tent. When all were ready to leave the
wreck, I found they had gathered so many things,
that, though I substituted the weightier ones for the
ballast which had been thrown in the night before,
we were still under the necessity of leaving one-half
When we were all ready to embark, I implored
the blessing of God on our endeavours. At this
moment we were saluted with the cries of the poultry
on board, which seemed to reproach us for abandoning
them. The thought immediately struck me, that we
might do well to take with us the poultry, including
the geese and ducks, as well as the pigeons; for,"
said I to my wife, if we cannot feed them, they will
feed us." Six hens were accordingly placed in one
of the tubs, along with a young and an old cock,
and over this a grating was secured to prevent their
escape; but as it was impossible either to take the
whole, or to provide for their safety on board, the
geese and ducks, as well as the pigeons, were set at
liberty, in the hope that they would reach the land.
We waited now only for my wife, who came at
length, having under her arm a well-filled bag,
(30) 2


which she threw into the tub beside little Francis.
"We all got into our places. In the first barrel was
my wife-having little Francis in the one next to
her. I took the one at the stern, in the hope of
being able to steer the little craft which was freighted
with all that was most dear to me in the world.
Each one took along with him what clothes were
indispensable; and, provided with oars, and with
floats attached to us in case of being overset, we at
length pushed out from the wreck into the open sea.
The tide was rising as we set off, and lent its aid to
further my weak endeavours. My children gazed
with longing eyes on the land which lay in sight,
and we plied our oars in hope of reaching it, though
for a time in vain. Owing to our unskilful seaman-
ship, the boat turned round instead of advancing;
until I discovered the right way to steer, and we
began to make some progress from the ship. The
two dogs, which had remained near us since their
release, no sooner saw us quit the vessel, than they
leapt into the sea and swam after us. Turk was an
English dog, and Bill one of Danish breed. Both
were of large size, so that we dared not attempt to
take them into our boat, and I saw little chance of
their being able to swim to land; but they rested
themselves with great sagacity, by leaning their
paws on the outriggers, and so contrived to keep
alongside of us the whole way.
Our navigation, though tedious, was safe; but as
we drew near the land, it presented no very inviting


aspect. The bare and arid rocks seemed to promise
nothing but wretchedness and famine. The sea was
calm; and as we drew near the shore, it was strewed
with casks, chests, and broken portions of the wreck.
In the hope of securing a supply for present necessi-
ties, I contrived to lay hold of two floating hogs-
heads, which, with the help of Fritz, were secured
by ropes, and towed along with us without difficulty.
As we drew near the shore, it seemed to lose
soniewhat of its sterile look. Fritz distinguished
various trees, some of which he pronounced to be
palms, and Ernest already rejoiced in the prospect
of gathering cocoa-nuts larger and finer than any
seen in Europe. I now regretted having omitted to
bring the captain's telescope, which lay in his cabin;
but Jack had anticipated my wants, and produced a
small one from his pocket, which fully answered the
purpose. With its aid, I observed that the land,
which had appeared a mere savage desert, now pre-
sented a more inviting aspect towards the right. A
strong current was carrying us from this towards
the rocky shore, when I perceived a little bay, to
which the ducks and geese had already made their
way. Into this I succeeded with some difficulty in
steering the boat, and at length found a place where
it floated alongside a low bank.
All who were able leapt at once on shore. Little
Francis alone, baffled by the height of the barrel in
which he was ensconced, had to wait till his mother
came to his aid. The dogs, which had already


reached the land, now ran to meet us, and testified their
joy by leaping and gamboling about us. The geese
and ducks, and even the pigeons, seemed to welcome
us, while the wild flamingoes responded in unfamiliar
notes to their discordant cries. The inharmonious
concert was, however, by no means unpleasant, as I
already beheld in these a valuable source of provi-
sions on this desert where we were cast.
Our first movement was to kneel together on the
shore, while I returned thanks to Almighty God for
his mercies, and besought the continuance of his
fatherly care. We now commenced to unload our
vessel, and already thought ourselves rich with the
little we had saved. We next sought a convenient
place for erecting our tent, and making a shelter for
the night. This was speedily discovered. One end
of a long spar was inserted in a cleft of the rock,
and the other supported by a pole set in the ground.
Over this the sail was stretched, and the two extre-
mities secured to the ground by means of wooden
pins, with the addition of some of our boxes of pro-
visions above them for greater security. We also
attached hooks to the loose part of the sail in front,
so as to enable us to close the entrance at pleasure.
This done, I sent the children to gather moss and
dried grass, which we spread out in the sun, so as to
provide us with soft beds; and while they were thus
busy, I constructed a fireplace with stones at a little
distance from the tent, on the margin of a stream. I
next gathered together a quantity of dried twigs and


branches of trees, and soon had a cheerful blaze; on
this I placed the pot, filled with water, into which
I dropt several cakes of portable soup, and left my
wife, with little Francis for her assistant, to prepare
the dinner. To this Francis saw many insurmount-
able difficulties, in the absence alike of ship-steward
or butcher's shop; and looked with no little surprise
on his father substituting for these what appeared to
him only bits of glue!
Meanwhile Fritz, who had charge of the muskets,
took one and proceeded along the river-side; while
Ernest preferred the sea-shore, and Jack betook
himself to a ridge of rocks in search of mussels.
Having now leisure to look about me, I returned to
our landing-place to try and secure the two hogs-
heads we had taken in tow. The banks, however,
were too steep for their landing; and while I was
considering how to obviate this difficulty, I was
alarmed by Jack uttering the most terrible cries. 1
seized a hatchet and rushed to his aid. I found him
wading in a shallow pool, where a huge lobster had
seized him by the leg, and resisted all his attempts
at release. As I came up to him, the lobster let go
its hold and made off; but, guided by the agitation
of the water, I struck a blow at it with the hatchet,
and soon brought it maimed to shore. Jack, who
had now recovered his confidence, uttered a shout of
joy, and, taking it up with some caution, set off to
carry his prize to his mother. But he had hardly
got it in his hand, when it gave him so violent a


blow with its tail that he let it fall, and took to cry-
ing once more. I could not help laughing at the
discomfiture of the little fellow; but he soon recovered
his self-possession, and, seizing a stone, put an end
to its struggles.
Mammal" shouted he, a lobster! Ernest, a
lobster! Where is Fritz? Take care, Francis, or
it will bite you." All surrounded him immediately
to look at his prize. Look at the monster," said
Jack; he seized me by the leg with his terrible
claws, but I soon made him repent of his assault!"
You little boaster," said I, you would have fared
but poorly had not I come to your aid." Ernest
urged the propriety of boiling the lobster forthwith;
but his mother, with more prudent foresight, laid it
aside for the morrow. Meanwhile, I returned to the
hogsheads, and succeeded in finding a low beach, to
which I dragged them, and soon had them safely on
Shore. I congratulated Jack, on my return, on being
the first fortunate discoverer, and promised him the
claws of the lobster for his reward. O," said
Ernest, I also have discovered some excellent pro-
visions; only I did not bring them, as I could not
reach them without wetting my feet." And what
were these, my dainty little man?" said I. Ernest
replied, that he had seen oysters on a rock, and had
also seen plenty of salt in the fissures of the rock,
which he thought had perhaps been produced by the
evaporation of the sea water. Doubtless, my little
philosopher," said I, "if you are sure they are


oysters, go now and gather some for our dinner. In
our present situation every one must make himself
useful; and fear not to wet your feet. You see how
the sun has already dried both Jack's and mine.
Bring also some of the salt about which you reason
so sagely, if you would not dine on our insipid and
tasteless soup."
Meanwhile, my wife, having tasted the soup, an-
nounced that it was ready. But," said she, "we
must wait for Fritz; and if he were here, I see not
how we are to take it. We cannot lift this huge pot
of boiling soup to our mouths!" It was the first time
that any of us had thought of the omission. We
looked confusedly at one another for a second, and
then burst into a hearty laugh. If we had only
cocoa-nuts," said Ernest, we could cut them in two,
and- ." Doubtless!" I replied; but why
not wish for a dozen silver spoons? The one seems
little less accessible than the other." I have it,"
exclaimed Ernest. What is to prevent us using
oyster-shells?" Perfectly true," said I; that is
what I call a happy thought. Go, therefore, in search
of the oysters; and let us hear no complaints that
our new spoons are somewhat short in the handle!"
Jack ran to the place indicated, and was up to his
knees in the water, before Ernest, with characteristic
tardiness, had reached the margin. The oysters
were of very large size. Jack detached them in
haste, and threw them to his brother, who collected
them together in his handkerchief-taking care to


slip one of the largest into his pocket; and soon both
returned with a good supply.
Almost at the same moment Fritz appeared, look-
ing well satisfied, though returning with his hand.
behind his back, and apparently from a fruitless
journey. "Empty handed?" said I; but his brother
slipped behind him, and called out, A sucking
pig! a sucking pig! where have you found it? Let
us see it?" Fritz now produced his prize with an
air of satisfaction. He told us that he had been on
the other side of the river, where he had met with
the agouti, as I pronounced his prize to be. You
can have no conception," said he, of how different
it is from where we now are; and the beach,
which is low, is strewed with chests, casks, planks,
and other portions of the wreck. Why not go at
once and get hold of them? and why not return to
the vessel to look after the animals we have left?
We might at least have the cow here; the biscuits
will be so much the better for her milk; and on the
other side of the river there is such excellent pastur-
age. Why should we remain an instant on this
barren spot?" "Not so fast," said I, so soon as
I could get a word in. Everything in good time,
my dear Fritz. To-morrow we shall see what can
be done. But have you discovered no traces of our
shipmates?" "Not a trace of man on earth or sea,"
replied he, but there are hogs on the shore; most
singular hogs, for they have feet like hares."
While we were discussing what this animal could


be, Jack had been busily employed trying in vain to
open an oyster with his knife. I laughed at his un-
availing zeal, and placing an oyster on the hot coals,
it opened almost immediately of itself. Now,"
said I, who fancies this favourite delicacy ?" for in
truth they were no favourites of mine. After some
hesitation Jack set the example, though swallowing
it more like a doze of medicine than a bon bouche.
The rest followed his example, and aided by a sharp
appetite, pronounced them to be very good eating.
The shells were now employed for their destined use
as spoons, though not without sundry scalded fingers.
We were compelled, therefore, to wait till the soup
should cool; but meanwhile the dogs, who were not
less hungry than ourselves, had caught sight of
Fritz's agouti, and were tearing it in pieces before
we observed. The children shouted and screamed,
while Fritz, excited beyond all reasonable control,
seized his gun, and would have killed the poor
animals had I not withheld him, and persuaded him
of the danger and sin of giving way to such un-
governable passion.
The sun was low on the horizon before we had
finished our simple repast. Soon after, the fowls
began to gather round us to pick up the crumbs of
biscuit we had let fall. My wife observing this,
produced the bag which we had observed her drop
into the boat alongside of little Francis, and began
scattering handfuls of corn to the poultry. I com-
mended her forethought, but at the same time urged


her to preserve with care those precious grains, and
promised to try and recover from the wreck a store
of damaged biscuit, which would prove equally ac-
ceptable to the fowls. The pigeons now retired to
the holes in the rocks; the cocks and hens went to
roost on the top of our tent, and the ducks and geese
withdrew to the shelter of some low bushes on the
margin of the river. We were ourselves no less
ready for repose at the close of this eventful day. I
loaded the fire-arms, and laid them within reach;
and after we had all knelt down together, while I
thanked God for his great mercies in our deliverance,
and committed all to his care, we withdrew to our
tent for the night. Looking out once more to see
that all was quiet, I then closed the entrance of the
tent. Warm as the day had been, the night was
intensely cold, and we were glad to creep together
for the heat; but I had soon the satisfaction of seeing
my dear wife and children all in peaceful sleep,
an example which I speedily followed, and our first
night on shore passed quietly, and without alarm.


I WAS awoke at the dawn by the crowing of the
cock, and immediately called my wife to consult on
our future proceedings. We agreed that it was our


first duty to seek for our shipmates, and to ascertain
the nature of the country, before adopting any general
plan of procedure. My wife at once perceived that
it was impossible for the whole family to proceed on
such a tour. She proposed, therefore, of herself, to
remain behind with Ernest and the younger boys,
while I should take Fritz with me, as the strongest and
most adroit. I begged her, therefore, to prepare our
breakfast without delay, and awakening the children,
demanded of Jack what had become of his lobster.
While he ran to fetch it from a crevice in the rock,
where he had placed it beyond the reach of the dogs,
I told Fritz of our proposed excursion. An ex-
cursion! an excursion!" shouted the children. We
will all go together !" and they clapped their hands,
and jumped about me like young kids. It is im-
possible," I said, "that you should accompany us
to-day. Fritz and I will be able to cope with any
ordinary danger we may encounter; but it is other-
wise with you. Remain here, therefore, in safety
beside your mother, and we will leave Bill with you
for your defence, while Turk accompanies our ex-
ploring party."
Jack generously offered all his lobster for the
journey, while Ernest remarked, with more selfish
foresight, They will be sure to find abundance of
rich cocoa-nuts before long, which will be a vast deal
better than your paltry lobster." I directed Fritz to
take his gun, a game-bag, and a hatchet. I placed
also in his belt a pair of pistols, and equipped my-


self in like manner, adding the very necessary ac-
companiments of a stock of biscuits and a flask of
water. Our preparations were scarcely completed,
when my wife summoned us to breakfast. The lob-
ster proved so tough and unpalatable that enough
remained over, which we pocketed for our journey,
without any objection. Fritz was now impatient to
be off, but Ernest reminded him that I had already
spoken of another duty which we must not neglect.
"And what is that?" said he, somewhat hastily.
"We have not prayed to God," replied Ernest seri-
ously. That is it, my dear boy," said I, we are
too ready to forget God, to whom we owe all the
blessings of life, and whose protecting care we are
now so specially called upon to acknowledge." Jack,
who had overheard me, started up and began parad-
ing about, crying, Ding, dong to prayers ding,
dong I ding, dong to prayers to prayers 1" I re-
proved the thoughtless boy fur making light of so
serious a subject, and warned him to beware of such
untimely levity. Kneeling down together, I fervently
commended all to the care of our heavenly Father,
praying in an especial manner that he would care for
us in the journey we were about to set out on, and
watch over those who were left behind. My poor wife
did not part from us without tears, and we heard them
calling after us with mingled words of encourage-
ment and apprehension, until the noise of the river,
which we were approaching, drowned their voices.
The banks of the river were so high and steep


that we had to proceed some distance in search of a
ford. When at length we reached the other side, we
had to travel a considerable way through tall rank
grass, which so impeded our progress that we were
glad to return to the water-side, in hopes of getting
along with less difficulty. All at once we heard a
great noise, and saw the long grass agitated in our
rear. I stopped, and observed with satisfaction that
Fritz had already assumed a defensive attitude, and
was pointing his piece where we every moment ex-
pected the appearance of our enemy. Great was our
joy when we found that it was none other than our
faithful dog Turk, who, having been forgotten in the
grief of parting, had been sent after us. I loaded the
trusty animal with caresses, and congratulated Fritz
on his courage and presence of mind, when a rash
movement might have deprived us of so valuable a
Pursuing our course, we arrived near the sea-shore,
"and were filled with admiration at the beauty of the
country. We looked on every side in vain for any
traces of our companions, and examined the sand
with equally little success, in hope of discovering
some traces of their footsteps. "I will fire off my
musket from time to time," said Fritz; "it will give
notice of our presence to them if they are within
reach." Doubtless," I replied, "but it may also
attract the notice of savage foes, whom we have little
wish to see." "But why," said Fritz, give our-
selves so much trouble to seek after those who so


cruelly abandoned us?" For various reasons, my
dear boy," I replied. "We must not return evil
for evil; besides, it may be that they can assist us,
though now they are more likely to stand in need
of our aid." Fritz, however, still remonstrated that
we might be making our way back to the ship, and
saving the cattle; but I replied that the lives of
men were of more importance; besides which, the
sea was caln, and the cattle had abundant food for
the present, so that no immediate cause of danger
was apparent.
While thus discoursing together, we pushed along
vigorously till we arrived at a wood which extended
to the sea. Here we sat down and refreshed our-
selves beside a running stream. Birds of rare plum-
age flew about us. Fritz believed that he had dis-
covered something resembling an ape among the
foliage, and the restlessness of Turk confirmed him
in this idea. Fritz ran off to assure himself of the
truth of this, and in doing so he stumbled against a
round body which lay on the ground. This he
picked up and brought to me as a bird's nest. It
is a cocoa-nut," said I, "do you not know that this
nut is enclosed in a thick fibrous covering, covered
with an outer skin. The latter, I perceive, is de-
cayed, which is the reason of the fibrous appearance
which has deceived you. Break it open, and you
will find the nut enclosed." This was soon accom-
plished, to our great disappointment, for it was de
cayed and altogether uneatable.


I always understood, father," said Fritz, that
cocoa-nuts were full of a pleasant and refreshing
milk." "You believed rightly," I replied; "the
nut is pleasant both for food and drink when it hangs
ripe on the tree. If it falls on a good soil, it will
germinate, and the bud soon burst its covering and
grow up to become, in course of time, a large tree,
but if it fall where no suitable soil encourages vege-
tation, it decays, as you have now seen." Fritz con-
tinued his questions as we proceeded on our journey,
and after a time he was so fortunate as to find another
cocoa-nut sufficiently fresh to afford us a pleasant
repast. Our progress was somewhat slow, as we had
frequently to clear a way with our hatchets. At
length we reached the water-side; the wood became
less dense on our right, and we observed that some
of the trees were of a peculiar kind. See, father,"
said Fritz, "how these trees are covered with wens."
As we approached, I discovered, to my great satis-
faction, that it was a gourd tree, of which many more
were visible. Fritz was greatly puzzled to conceive
what the singular protuberances could be. Try,"
said I, "if you can get hold of one of them, and we
will examine it." Here is one," he exclaimed,
" very like an ordinary gourd, only it is much harder."
'Of this," said I, "we shall be able to make plates,
cups, and bottles; this is what is called the gourd
tree." Fritz inquired if the gourd was fit for eating.
I replied that it was harmless, but not particularly
palatable; the chief use of the tree to savage nations,


is to make dishes for holding, and even for cooking
their food. The latter idea seemed to puzzle Fritz.
" It is impossible!" he exclaimed, "the gourd itself
would be burnt by the fire." I told him that they
were not exposed to the fire; that the Indians could
boil their food in them without their being near the
fire. Truly it passes my comprehension," said-
Fritz, "it seems little short of magic." So it is
with men in general," said I to him, smiling, when-
ever they cannot explain anything: without putting
themselves to the trouble of reflecting, they pronounce
a prodigy, a miracle, what is perchance one of the
most ordinary operations of nature. Observe, in the
present instance, when it is proposed to boil a piece
of fish or flesh in the gourd, it is filled with water,
into which red-hot stones are dropped successively,
till the water boils."
We now set about fashioning our gourds into
dishes. Fritz took his knife to cut the gourd in two,
but he found it much more difficult than he antici-
pated. The hard rind resisted the blade, and on
applying more violent force, it suddenly cut in a
wrong direction. Meanwhile I had taken a string
which I drew tightly round the gourd, and then
striking it with the flat handle of my knife, till an
incision was made, I gradually tightened it till the
nut was separated into two equal parts. This I ex-
plained to Fritz I had learned from books of travels,
which describe it as the method employed by the
natives, who have no such knives as ours. I next


explained how they made bottles, which greatly in-
terested him. They tie a band round the Yoiug,
soft gourd," said I, sufficiently near the stalk for
the purpose. This checks the growth at the desired
point, while it continues to expand beyond it, and
then vessels can be made to grow with long or short
necks, according to the will of the designer."
We now resumed our i;march, leaving our newlv-
manufactured dishes to dry, in the sun, having fir t.
taken the precaution to fill them with sand to pre-
vent them from shrinking. As we walked along,
Fritz tried his hand at converting a part of one of
the calabashes into a spoon, while I essayed to make
another out of a piece of cocoa-nut shell; but it must
be owned that little could be said in praise of either
of our productions. We recalled to mind the mann-
factures of the natives which we had seen in museums
at home, and were compelled to own that the savages
were our masters in such work. Thus conversing,
we walked on together till, after a journey of about
four hours, during which we had looked in vain in
every direction for traces of our former shipmates,
we arrived at a neck of land which stretched far into
the sea, and rose in one part to a considerable height.
This appeared a most suitable point of observation,
and we accordingly proceeded, though not wvilhouit
some difficulty, to mount to the top. On attaining
the summit, a wide and varied prospect stretched out
before us; but we looked in vain for any traces of
human beings. Nature appeared in all her wild
(0o) 3


charms, and though destitute of culture, displayed
a rich profusion unknown to our European climates.
The luxuriant verdure of the shores, and the placid
stillness of the sea, which was here enclosed by a
large bay terminating in another promontory beyond,
would have filled our minds with unmingled satis-
faction, but for the reflection that the companions we
had been in search of probably now lay engulfed
beneath the sea that looked so calm and gentle.
This did not, however, diminish our sense of the
Divine goodness which had rescued us from a similar
fate, and cast us on a shore which, though apparently
without inhabitants, held out so good a prospect of
needful supplies for those who had now entered
involuntarily on its possession. We had left home
with the intention of settling as colonists in a remote
and strange land, and I remarked accordingly to
Fritz, we might comfort ourselves with the reflection,
that, while we could have gone no whither without
encountering difficulties, our destined port might
have proved destitute of many advantages which
seemed here within our reach.
We now descended the hill, directing our course
towards a clump of palms, to arrive at which we
were obliged to traverse a jungle covered with reeds
and long grass, which greatly impeded our progress.
We advanced with caution, being apprehensive of
treading on a snake or some other venomous reptile,
such as usually haunt the like localities. As a fur-
ther precaution, we made Turk go before us to give


thnely notice of danger. As we went alung, I eut
one of the largest reds, as ,. convenient weapon
against any assailant. Soon after I observed a
glutinous sap exude sfrom the cut end of my staff,
which I had the curiosity to taste, and was soon conp
minced that the reed I held in my hand must he a
sugar-cane. I applied it to my mouth, and found,
on sucking the juice, that it was both agreeable and
very refreshing. I did not immediately announce my
discovery to Fritz, preferring that he should make
it for himself; I therefore desired him to cut one
down for his own defence, and soon saw him bran-
dishing it about his head, and striking right and lei'.
as he cleared his way through the dense growth of
reeds. The effect of this was as I anticipated; the
sap soon exuded in considerable abundance, and I
saw him put his hand to his mouth and exclaim
aloud, Father! father a sugjar-cano Only taste
it. How charmed my mother and brothers will be
at the discovery!" lie was so delighted with thi-;
novel and palatable discovery, that I was obliged at
length to interfere, under the apprehension that ho
would injure himself by his excess; and I took
advantage of the favourable opportunity for urgin-
upon him the necessity of moderation and temper-
ance, even in the most rational and innocent enjoy.
Fritz now gathered a bundle of the best canes he
could select, to carry home. We soon arrived at a
thicket of palms, which we entered, and seated our.


t:elves to enjoy our repast under its shade. Suddenly
a number of large monkeys, frightened by our ap-
proach, and by the barking of Turk, dispersed fro n
the spot, running up the pahn trees with such rapi-
dity that we had scarcely observed them before they
were at the top. Having reached this safe elevation,
they proceeded to grin and chatter at us, expressing
(heir anger at the disturbance by the most discordant
noises. I observed immediately that the trees were
',coa-nut palms, and I immediately thought of hav-
iig recourse to the services of the monkeys for a
,upply of fruit. Fritz, on the contrary, irritated by
their derisive gestures and noise, had already seized
his gun, and was about to shoot them, when I re-
strained his hand, and urged on him the folly and
cruelty of killing a poor animal that could be of no
value as food, and excited no just apprehensions of
danger. You will see now," said I, how much
more useful and simple is the mode of dealing with
them." I accordingly collected some stones, and
began to throw them at the monkeys, and though I
could not nearly reach them on their : .pi: I" i: they
exhibitedd every mark of irritation, and, seizing the
cocoa-nuts within their reach, they hurled them in a
shower at our heads.
Fritz laughed heartily at the success of my stra-
(agem, and when the shower of cocoa-nuts had ceased.
I gathered as many as I could conveniently carry,
We now sought a convenient spot for enjoying ihe
repast thus provided, and after sucking some of the


milk by means of the holes which we pierced in the
end of the nuts, we broke them open with the hai het,
and ate, with much satisfaction, of the kernel. An-
other application to the juice of the sugar-cane com-
pleted our repast, and Turk received, with abundant
symptoms of satisfaction, the remainder of the lobster,
which we no longer valued. I now gathered together
such of the cocoa-nuts as had long stalks, and threw
them over my shoulder. Fritz resumed his bundle
of sugar-canes, and we set out on our return to our
new home.



WE had not proceeded far on our return when Fritz
began to show symptoms of fatigue. lie passed the
bundle of canes frequently from one shoulder to tle
other, and at length exclaimed, "I could not have
believed that a mere bundle of canes would have
proved so burdensome. But I shall be well repaid
by the pleasure they will afford to my mother and
brothers." I extracted from his bundle a cane for a
staff, and he followed my example. By-and-by I
began to suck the cane, having first made an in-
cision at the nearest joint, so as to admit of a free
current of air through the pores. Fritz, observing


inv enjoyment of the refreshing luxury, attempted to
follow my example, but in vain. What can be the
reason," he at length exclaimed, with' some im-
patience, that, though my cane seems to be full of
juice, I cannot get a drop out of it?" I replied,
laughing, that it was because he neglected to employ
the right means. Ah!" said he, I remember
the reason now. I must make an incision above the
nearest knot, and then, when by suction I have
exhausted the air in my mouth, it will rush by the
opening through the cane, and carry the juice along
with it into the vacuum. But I fear, if we proceed
at this rate, our canes will contain little sugar by the
time we get home." It has been my idea for some
time," I replied, not indeed from apprehension of
our own forgetfulness of those who await us, but from
the certainty that the juice of the newly-cut sugar-
cane, when exposed to such heat as we are now ex-
periencing, is certain to turn sour in a very short
Well," said Fritz, if the sugar is spoiled, I
shall have the satisfaction of carrying home a good
supply of the cocoa-milk, with which I have filled
this tin flask." I fear, my dear boy," I replied,
" that your labour in that respect will prove equally
vain. The cocoa-nut milk is equally liable to be
thus affected; and, exposed as it is in your tin-flask
to the direct rays of the sun, I would not greatly
wonder if it is already vinegar." How provoking 1"
he exclaimed, I must examine it immediately."


But he had scarcely loosened the cork of his flask,
with a view of tasting its contents, when it flew out
with a loud report, the milk following it like new-
drawn champagne. My prediction, I see, is in the
way of being verified shortly," I remarked; but
take care, my boy, what use you make of that potent
beverage. It will go to your head." "0! father,
only taste it: it is delightful. So far from being
vinegar, it is like fine new wine. The treat I had
intended for them will be even greater than I anti-
cipated." "Be not too sanguine," I replied; "this
is the first fermentation. The same phenomenon
occurs in the juice of the sugar-cane, the milk of
the cocoa-nut, and even in honey mixed with water.
In its present state it is indeed a sort of wine, but it
will not last. A second, though slower, fermentation
will make vinegar of it before you can reach home.
But let us enjoy it while it lasts, though with mode-
ration, if we would wish to escape the effects which
all fermented liquors produce."
Refreshed by this unexpected treat, we proceeded
with renewed vigour, and soon arrived at the place
where we had left our calabashes to dry in the sun.
We found them already quite firm and hard, and put
them in our bags with much satisfaction. We had
scarcely reached the skirts of the wood where we
had dined, when Turk darted fiercely in among a
troop of monkeys whom we had surprised at their
gambols on the grounds; and before we made up to
him, he had already killed a female ape, and was

devouring her. A young ape which had clung to its
mother, and probably retarded her flight, watched
from a little distance with impotent rage the cruel
death of its mother, Fritz was in such haste to stop
the dog, that he flung away hat, bottle, canes, and
everything, but in vain. Before he could come up
to it, Turk was already devouring his prey. Ap-
proaching more leisurely, I found, on my arrival, a
very different scene. So soon as the little monkey
saw Fritz approach, it sprang nimbly on his back,
and held so firmly by his hair, that neither his cries
nor most violent efforts could disengage it. I could
not help laughing at the ludicrous scene; and as I
saw there was no danger, the poor little ape being in
even greater terror than Fritz, the cries and grimaces
of the two were sufficiently diverting. I in vain tried
to disengage the little monkey from his hair. It
clung to him, as if resolved to make him its protector.
"There is no choice," I said, laughing; "it is ob-
vious that the little orphan, having lost its mother,
has chosen you as its adopted father." I caressed it,
and offered it something to eat, and at length succeeded
in gently disengaging it. I took the poor little thing in
my arms like an infant, and could not help regarding
it with pity. It was obviously incapable of providing
its own food, and if abandoned by us must inevitably
perish. Unwilling as I was to add another to our
number under present circumstances, I yielded to
Fritz's importunities, and agreed that it should be
taken home on condition that he should take tLe


entire charge of it. This he cheerfully consented
to. -
Turk was meantime feasting on his strange prey.
Fritz would have driven him from it; but while such
a proceeding could have answered no good purpose,
I already saw that so large and voracious a dog must
be allowed the full license of a hunter, if we would
not have him become a burden, and even a terror to
us. We did not wait to see him finish his revolting
feast. The young monkey returned to its place on
Fritz's shoulder, who no longer objected to the burden,
while I took his bundle of canes. Turk rejoined us
after a time; and was received at first with many
reproaches and menaces by Fritz, who had already
forgot how very recently he had been on the eve of
committing a similar act, with no such justification
as the poor dog had. The sight of him, however,
was even more disquieting to the monkey. It re-
treated to the opposite shoulder, and at length took
shelter in his bosom, cowering in with all the action
of a frightened child. At this moment a lucky thought
struck Fritz. Passing a cord round the neck of
Turk, he placed the ape on his back, and passing it
round its waist, he said, Since you have killed tih
mother, it is only just that you should bear the child."
The dog was at first inclined to be rebellious; but
we succeeded at last, by alternate scolding and caress-
ing, in reconciling him to his burden. As an addi-
tional precaution, however, Fritz retained hold of the
string, so as to prevent Turk wandering out of sight.


This expedient greatly amused me: We will
return like a couple of showmen," said I; "your
brothers will be in ecstacies at the sight." Yes,
indeed," replied Fritz; "and Jack will find in our
little cavalier a model for grimace, and an excuse
for his impertinent tricks." Do you then, my son,"
said I, addressing him with some gravity, take
your mother and myself as your models, and display
greater forbearance towards your brothers. Such
bitter remarks on the levity and sportiveness of your
younger brothers are not such as I like to hear from
you." Fritz promptly acknowledged the impropriety
of his remark, which had been uttered without reflec-
tion; and we resumed the conversation which had so
pleasantly beguiled the way, so that we were on the
river's bank, and near our new home again before we
were aware. Bill was the first to perceive our ap-
proach, and set up a joyous bark, to which Turk
responded with such vehemence, that the poor little
monkey sprung with terror from his back; and so
soon as the cord was loosed, he sprung on to Fritz's
shoulder, and would on no account quit it. Turk,
relieved from his restraint, jumped into the river, and
was speedily among the dear circle we had left; so
that, before we had reached the place where we had
crossed in the morning, the whole family were assem-
bled to welcome us on the other side; and we were
speedily in one another's arms.
The children were impatient to examine what we
had brought back with us, and prnsently set up a cry


of joy. A monkey a living monkey !-how did
you get him, Fritz? What a funny fellow If we
had only something to give him. But what are we
to do with these staves? What sort of things are
these papa carries ?' My wife was no less intent on
learning of our adventures and our welfare, so that it
was impossible to reply to their eager questioning-.
When their first transports of joy were somewhat
moderated, I told them what we had observed of the
nature of the country, and its great fruitfulness.
lnt," I added, we have been entirely unsuccessful
in recovering the slightest traces of our lost com-
panions." "God's will be done," said my wife,
earnestly; let us be thankful for our own great
mercies. Thllis day has seemed an age till your safe
and happy return. Let us relieve you of your bur-
dens, and come and tell us of your adventures."
Jack accordingly took my gun, Ernest the cocoa-
nuts, Francis the calabashes, and my wife the game-
bags. Fritz distributed his sugar-canes among them,
and replaced the monkey on Turk's back, to the
great amusement of the children. IIe then begged
of Ernest to take his gun ; but he thought himself
already sufficiently burdened with the cocoa-nuts,
though ignorant of what they were, and would have
refused had not his mother kindly interfered, and
relieved him of the first load.
If Ernest knew what he was relinquishing," said
Fritz, he would not have parted with them so
readily. These are cocoa-nuts you have given to


mother." Cocoa-nuts !' exclaimed Ernest in great
delight; "give them to me, mother. I shall carry
them and the gun too." But his mother told him
one was enough for him, and, though tempted in his
eager desire for the coveted nuts, he was prevented
by shame from asking her to carry the gun. But,'
said he, I can fling away these sticks, and then I
shall have a hand disengaged." I advise you not,"
said Fritz, unless you would repent still more of
your second act. These sticks, as you call them, are
sugar-canes." Sugar-canes!" exclaimed the whole
in one voice; and little farther progress could be
made, till Fritz had told of his discovery, and shown
each how to suck the juice of the canes.
Thus conversing, we reached our tent, where we
found an excellent repast awaiting us. On one side
of the fire, fish of several sorts were cooking on a
wooden spit thrust through them, and supported on
two forked sticks; on the other side was a goose
roasting by means of a similar contrivance, while a
range of large oyster-shells supplied the place of at
dripping-pan. A pot suspended over the fire already
gave promise, by its odour, of excellent soup; and I
also perceived that one of the packages we had re-
covered from the sea had been opened in my absence,
and proved to contain excellent Dutch cheeses, care-
filly packed in lead. The whole seemed wonder-
fully to exceed what could have been hoped for. I
congratulated them on their diligence in my absence,
though I could not altogether conceal my sense of


my wife's improvident liberality in having recourse
to our small number of poultry, when other provi-
sions were so abundant. Trouble not your mind,
my dear," said my wife, it is not one of our own
geese which you see roasting, but a wild bird which
Ernest killed, and which, he assures me, is good for
eating." "Yes, father," exclaimed Ernest, 'it is a
stupid penguin. I knocked it down with a stick, at
no great distance. I have preserved the head and
feet for you to examine. It has a long beak and
web feet, and exactly resembles the penguins in nmy
natural history book." I commended the intelhgent
reasoning of the boy, and was proceeding to commu-
nicate some farther information about the bird, when
my wife interrupted me. There is a time for
everything," said she; "besides, do you not see that
the child's eyes are all the while fixed on the cocoa-
nuts? Gratify their longings by a sight of one of
them, and a taste of its contents." With pleasure,"
I replied; but you must apply to Fritz to show you
the way, and do not forget, meanwhile, that the poor
monkey has lost his mother's milk." But he will
eat nothing," said Jack; I have offered him every-
lting I could think of." I explained to him that it
was probable the poor little animal had hitherto been
nourished solely by its mother's milk, and recom-
mended Fritz to try him with the milk of the cocoa-
nut till more suitable food could be found. Jack
would hive given the whole supply to the new
favourite, but Ernest had no idea of such self-denial,


and little Francis also protested that he must taste
the cocoa-nut himself. So must we all," said his
mother, smiling. Let us have our supper now,
and the cocoa-nuts will suffice for dessert."
We seated ourselves in a circle on the grass. My
wife distributed the food in our newly-manufactured
dishes, and the appearance of comfort which it gave
to our repast greatly exceeded our anticipations.
The children had already broken several of the cocoa-
nuts, and pronounced them to be excellent; nor was
the little monkey forgot. They dipped the corner
of their '., ..-' .. ..i. t' in the milk, and then gave it
him to suck, which he seemed to do with relish. lHe
appeared already at home with them, and there
seemed no reason to doubt that we would be able to
rear the little creature. We discussed the provisions
with a good appetite, and pronounced them excel-
lent. The penguin, indeed, proved a somewhat
tough and unpalatable morsel; but I set the example,
and was soon followed by the whole, in partaking of
the well-cooked, though somewhat strong and fishy-
tasted dish. Fritz now begged leave to treat us all
to a taste of his delicious champagne, to which I
offered no objection, only recommending that lie
should set the example i., tasting it. Great, indeed,
was his mortification on finding that it was already
changed into vinegar. M!y wife, however, regarded
the transformation with no such feelings of regret.
By her advice it was employed as sauce to the pen-
guin, and greatly improved it, correcting the flavour


which had rendered it unpalatable. It served also
as a pleasant accompaniment to the fish, so that
Fritz was reconciled to see that his exertions had not
proved altogether in vain.
The boys were thoughtlessly proceeding to break
the remainder of the cocoa-nuts, but I stopped them,
and calling for the saw I carefully cut the shells in
two; and, after we had scooped out the rind, each
of them supplied a couple of excellent cups or basins,
so that we were already furnished with a very re-
spectable table equipage, though we had been neces-
sitated only the day before to scald our fingers in
our attempts to get at the soup.
The sun had reached the horizon as we concluded
our repast, and we immediately set about our pre-
parations for the night, mindful of how rapidly
darkness closed in upon us. My wife, with con-
siderate attention, had collected a considerable quan-
tity of dry moss and grass, which was now strewed
in the tent, and made an attractive and comfortable
couch, on which the labours of the day had disposed
all of us to stretch our tired limbs in anticipation of
welcome repose. The poor little monkey accompa-
nied us into the tent, and was soon comfortably
disposed between Fritz and Jack, wrapped in a
plentiful covering of dry hay. The fowls went to
roost, as before, on the top of the tent; and having
seen all arranged, as on the previous night, I closed
the curtain of the tent, and was soon buried in pro-
found sleep.


We had not slept long when a disturbance among
the poultry, followed by the violent barking of the
dogs, awoke us all. I jumped up quickly, and
rushed out, followed by my wife and Fritz, each of
whom had seized a gun. By the light of the moon
we perceived our two gallant dogs surrounded by
about a dozen jackalls. Four of them were soon
strangled in the gripe of our faithful defenders ; but
the remainder still pressed on them, and threatened
to overpower them, when a well-directed shot from
both Fritz and myself laid two of their assailants
dead, and put the others to flight, with some of their
number wounded.
The dogs, according to their nature, made a meal
on the carcass of one of their fallen foes; but Fritz,
having obtained my leave, singled out the one which
had fallen by his shot, and dragging it, not without
some difficulty, near the tent, placed it under cover,
so as to show it to his brothers in the morning. We
once more retired to our homely couch, and slept
soundly without further disturbance, till awoke in
the morning by the crowing of the cock, which
summoned us to consult about the proceedings of
another day.




" MY dear wife," said I, it is not without consider-
able anxiety that I look forward to the work that is
before us. A voyage to the wreck is indispensable,
if our cattle are to be saved, beside the many other
useful articles we were forced to leave behind. On
the other hand, equally indispensable duties seem to
call for my stay on shore, and especially the neces-
sity for erecting a secure and commodious dwelling
to shelter us from cold as well as outward dangers."
"With patience, order, and perseverance," said my
wife, cheerfully, all will go well. We must be
content to do one thing at a time. I confess I would
prefer that the return to the wreck could be avoided;
but since it must be so, the sooner you go the better."
It was agreed, accordingly, that my wife should re-
main at home with the younger boys, as on the
preceding day, while Fritz and I should proceed to
the wreck.
I then called on the children to awake and .dress
themselves. Fritz, who was the first to get up, ran
to find his jackall, which had already stiffened in the
cold night air. He placed it, therefore, erect at the
tent door, and waited impatiently for his brothers to
come out. But the dogs were before them, and see-
ing their enemy standing apparently ready to assail
(801 4


them, they set up a fierce howl, and were with
difficulty restrained from tearing it in pieces. The
children ran out forthwith to learn the occasion of
the noise, with Jack at their head, accompanied by
his little bed-fellow perched on his shoulder; but no
sooner did the monkey perceive the jackall, than lie
fled into the tent, and ensconced himself in the moss
till only his nose was visible. The children were
greatly astonished at this strange sentinel at the
door. Ernest pronounced it to be a fox, Jack a wolf,
and Francis a yellow dog. Fritz laughed at their
different names, and especially ridiculed that of
Ernest, who was greatly offended at being made the
subject of his merriment. I had at length to inter-
S fere to restore harmony, and for this purpose told
them that the animal was called a jackall, but at the
tame time, I added, this laughter of Fritz had been
altogether misplaced, for the jackall partakes of the
nature of the wolf, the fox, and the dog, so that there
was good sense and probability in all the names.
Having thus reconciled their differences, I summoned
them to our morning devotions, after which we
proceeded to breakfast. My wife had nothing to
place before us but biscuits, which were so dry and
hard that they almost bade defiance to our hungry
teeth. Fritz asked for cheese to eat with it, while
Ernest, who had been already examining one of the
unopened casks, now came to me and said, Father,
if we had only butter to these biscuits it would be a
vast improvement." Always with these foolish ifQ


of yours," I replied; don't you know, my boy,
that a morsel of this good cheese is worth all the
butter in the world when we have it not." But
perhaps my ifs might not be so foolish," said Ernest,
" if you would open that cask." What cask do
you talk about?" said I. It is this cask I mean, to
be sure," replied lie. 1 have already had my knife
into it, and it is filled with excellent salt butter."
" Indeed," said I, your love for good things is of
service for once. Come, boys, who loves bread and
butter?" After some consideration, I cautiously
made a small opening in the lower end of the cask,
so as to extract a little of the butter without exposing
the whole to injury by the air and heat of the sun.
We then sat down with one of our cocoa-nut vessels
filled with good salt butter. We now toasted our
biscuits at the fire, and applying a plentiful covering
of butter when they were hot, we soon converted them
into an edible and most excellent repast, on which
we made a hearty breakfast. While we were thus
employed, the dogs had remained patiently at our
side, expecting to share in our repast, and I remarked
what a cause of gratitude it was that we had been
provided with such faithful protectors, and observing
the marks of the jackall's fangs still visible on them,
I reminded them that it was our duty to do what we
could both for their protection and comfort. If we
could find on board the ship," said Fritz, a pair of
spiked collars, they would prove the best protectors for
Turk and Bill in case they have again to encounter such


fierce assailants." 0!" said Jack, in his usually
ready way, if my mother will only help me, I can
make them collars myself very well!" Very good,
my little man," said I, exercise your inventive
faculties, and let us see what you can devise. You,
Fritz, come along with me. Your mother and I
have already decided that it is necessary I should
return to-day to the wreck to bring back as much as
is recoverable. You will accompany me, while your
brothers remain to assist their mother."
While Fritz made ready our primitive boat of
casks, I erected a :1 i I !i' on an eminence near the
shore, and attached to it a piece of sail-cloth, to serve
as a signal between the vessel and the shore. This,
I directed my wife, should be allowedto fly so long
nS all was well, and if it continued to certify to us of
their safety, I had prepared her for the possibility of
our remaining all night at the wreck. I directed
her, however, in case of any threat of danger, to pull
down the signal, and fire three guns, when we were
to hasten to the shore.
We took nothing with us but our guns and ammu-
nition, relying on the provisions left on board. Fritz,
however, insisted on taking the little monkey with
him, that he might regale it with the cow's milk.
We quitted the shore in silence, and not without
some thoughts of danger at the prospect of this
necessary separation. When we had got a little way
from the shore, I perceived that a current set in in the
direction we were going, occasioned by the force of


the river, and we were glad to avail ourselves of its
aid. Though altogether inexperienced in maritime
affairs, I succeeded in steering our boat so as to keep
its head to the current, and we were carried by this
means a considerable way towards the wreck, with
little or no exertion on our parts. When this failed
us, we resumed our oars, and soon moored our boat
alongside of the vessel.
So soon as the boat was secured, Fritz jumped on
the deck, with the monkey on his shoulder, and
hastened to the place where the cattle were secured.
I was gratified to see him take so kind an interest in
the little creature. The animals welcomed us wiih
manifest joy, though it was obvious that they had
not suffered fyom our absence, as a part of their food
still remained untasted. The monkey found the
milk of the cow most palatable, and greatly amused
us by the lively grimaces with which lie testified his
joy. Having seen that the animals were sufficiently
supplied with food and drink, we took some refresh-
ment ourselves, and consulted on the best mode of
proceeding. Fritz counselled that we should begin
by providing a sail for the boat, "for," said he,
" the current which was such a help to us coming
can only retard our return, while the wind that wnis
against us will amply supply its place when so pro-
vided." The advice seemed excellent, and we forth-
with proceeded to put it in execution. A plank was
bored by means of a chisel, and fastened across one
Df the casks; into this we inserted a pole strong


enough for a mast, and secured it, by means of ropes,
to both ends of our boat; a cross spar was soon rigged
on this, and a triangular piece of canvass secured to it
by means of cords, so that we could shift it in any way
to take advantage of the wind. To these useful addi-
ditions Fritz added a red streamer from the mast-head,
and named our improved craft the Deliverance. To
complete the vessel, I added two pieces of raised wood
at either end to act as grooves for inserting an oar, so
as to admit of steering it equally freely either wav.
While thus employed the day had already advanced
so, that I saw it would be impossible to effect any-
thing satisfactory without spending the night where
"we were. We accordingly made a concerted signal
to inform my dear wife of our intention, for which
she was already in some degree prepared; and I
employed the rest of the time in emptying our boat-
casks of the stone ballast we had brought in them
from the shore, in order to substitute for it such
things as seemed most likely to prove of use to us.
The ship had been freighted for the purpose of esta-
blishing a new colony at the place whither we were
bound, so that it contained an unusually large supply
of objects peculiarly suited to our present circumn
stances, and our greatest difficulty seemed to arise
from the necessity of selection. Powder, shot, tools,
and pieces of canvass and clothing, were speedily
substituted for the ballast. Our experience had also
taught us already the need of an abundant supply of
knives, forks, spoons, and kitchen utensils of all sorts.


We found also in the captain's cabin a service of silver
plate, covers and dishes of pewter, and a hamper filled
with choice wines. All these were secured, along
with a stock of provisions, destined for the officers'
table, including portable soup, cases of prepared
meats, Westphalia hams, sausages, and a supply of
potatoes, maize, wheat, and other valuable seeds.
Fritz also got hold of some hammocks and blankets;
we collected as many implements of husbandry as it
was possible to put into our boat; and to all these I
added a barrel of sulphur to make matches with, so
that our boat was soon loaded nearly to the brim; and
had not the sea been perfectly calm, the attempt to
navigate it would have been attended with no little
The shades of evening now began to set in, and
after exchanging signals once more with those on
shore, to assure ourselves of their safety, we made
provision for passing another night at sea. Having
supped heartily on the abundant stores within our
reach, we commended ourselves and the dear objects
of our care and anxiety to the protection of Heaven,
and withdrew to the couches we had provided. The
day's labours had not been accomplished without
considerable fatigue, and Fritz was soon sleeping
soundly; but I could not close my eyes, from the
recollection of the dangers of the previous night, and
the uncertainty of what new and unknown perils my
wife and children might be exposed to in my absence.
I comforted myself, hoWever, with the thought of the


faithful dogs which had already proved such efficient
protectors to us all, and felt grateful to Heaven for
having given us so ready a means of defence.



WITriHthe first clear light in the morning, I jumped
on deck, and, with the help of the large telescope,
had the satisfaction of not only seeing the signal
which denoted the safety of my family still flying at
the post, but while Fritz was busy preparing our
breakfast I kept my eye on the tent, and at length
was gratified by seeing my wife come out of it and
look with attention towards the wreck. We ex-
changed signals of mutual recognition by pulling our
flags up and down, and then Fritz and I proceeded
to do ample justice to a breakfast of biscuit, ham, and
wine. Being thus freed from all anxiety about those
we had left on shore, we now set about the consider-
ation of the possibility of rescuing the cattle from the
We had set out for the wreck with no definite
ideas on this subject. Fritz now suggested a raft;
but even had we been able to construct one suffi-
ciently large, how were we to get such unmanage-
able passengers as a cow, an ass, or a sow, on board,
or, when there, to keep them from upsetting it? The


sheep and goats might indeed have been removed by
such means, but what to do with the larger animals
puzzled me. Fritz's mind was fertile in suggestions,
the most of which, however, we'e made without re-
flection, and altogether unpracticable. Why not,"
he at length exclaimed, "just throw them into the
sea, and let them swim ashore for themselves?"
"That," said I, might answer with the fat sow,
which I am least anxious about, but it is useless for
the rest." Then why not provide them all with
swimming-jackets," said the boy, laughing. An
excellent idea!" I exclaimed immediately. Let
us lose no further time, but set to work."
We selected a sheep for our first experiment, and
having attached floats to its sides, threw it into the
sea. I watched the poor animal with a mixture ot
hope and fear. It sunk, and I thought was never to
reappear; but presently we saw its head appear above
the water, where it floated without any exertion.
With some little difficulty we got a rope about it, and
drew it back to the wreck. We now proceeded to
provide the whole with this novel swimming apparatus.
Two empty water-casks, secured by means of sail-cloth
bands and ropes, were attached, one on each side of
the cow and ass. A quantity of cork which we dis-
covered on board proved a more convenient means
for providing the smaller animals with floats. The
large sow was the most troublesome, but after two
hours' hard labour we had the satisfaction of seeing
all ready. We next tied a cord to the head or horns


of each, with a piece of wood at the end. The force
of the waves had already made a considerable breach
in the side of the wreck, and this we soon enlarged
sufficiently to give free egress to the cattle. The ass
was the first to take the water, where he floated in
gallant style. We were soon successful in setting
the whole afloat; and getting into our boat, we pushed
about among them till we had secured the whole of
the cords, and taken them in tow. The sow alone
proved completely unmanageable. We were glad to
let it go, but it soon made for the shore of its own
accord, and was the first to land. We now discovered
the advantage of our mast and sail. Favoured by a
slight breeze, we were carried gently towards the
land, dragging the whole flock at our stern, which.
had we depended on our oars alone, we saw Iiu.it
have been left to their fate. As we were thus mov-
ing towards the shore, I was suddenly filled with
alarm by my son, who called out. Father i father!
we are lost." I had been watching with the tele-
scope our party on shore, who seemed to be preparing
for some excursion. On looking about I observed an
enormous fish making towards our boat; but just as
it was about to seize one of the sheep, Fritz aimed
his gun and fired with such success, that he hit the
monster in the head. It plunged immediately and
disappeared, leaving, however, a track of blood
behind it, which showed that the shot had taken
good effect.
I laid aside my telescope for my gun, in case of a


repetition of the attack, and with the rudder in hand
guided the boat without further risk to a convenient
place for the cattle landing. We then detached the
cords, and had soon the satisfaction of seeing the
whole get safely ashore. We then rowed round to
our old landing-place, and having secured the boat,
we looked around us for our friends. To our great
disappointment, not one was visible; but we were not
kept long in suspense. A shout of joy announced
that the youngsters had discovered us. My wife ran
to welcome me back, as if after an absence of years,
and as soon as the first transports of joy were past,
we sat down to recount our adventures. My dear
wife was delighted to find how valuable a counsellor
Fritz had proved to me, and testified much satisfac-
tion at seeing herself surrounded by so useful a herd
as we had brought ashore.
I now observed that Jack carried round his waist
a belt of fellow skin, into which he had thrust two
pistols. Where," said 1, have you got this
"siuggler's costume?' It is my own manufacture,"
said he, with an air of satisfaction, "and look also at
the dogs." I now observed for the first time that
each of the dogs was provided with a collar of similar
materials, stuck full of large nails, which projected
outward, and supplied a formidable defence to their
throats. It is a marvel," said I, if you have
been able both to devise and execute this." "Indeed.
father," replied lie, it is my own work, with some
help from mamma in the sewing of them.." The


truth now came out, that the skin of Fritz's jackall
had supplied the leather, at which he was by no
means pleased; but on his showing some symptoms
of anger, I reminded him that he must now learn tu
act like a man, whereas his brothers were but chil-
dren. This had the desired effect; and as he dis-
covered, on getting near the tent, that the body of the
jackall was already becoming offensive, lie was glad
to lend a hand to drag it down to the sea.
We had as yet perceived no indications of supper.
I therefore told Fritz to go and bring the Westphalia
ham, which had supplied our breakfast. Mv wife
was no less surprised than gratified at the sight. 1
am not altogether unprepared, however," said she.
producing at the same time a basket containing about
a dozen turtle eggs, but I must reserve the narra-
tive of our shore adventures," said she, till supper
is over." While, therefore, she employed herself in
preparing a dish of ham and turtle eggs, Fritz and 1
proceeded to unload our boat, having first succeeded,
though not without some difficulty, in catching the ass,
which our lazy Ernest was glad to see was to be the
chief bearer of our burdens in future.
When we returned, my wife had spread a table-
cloth on the top of a cask, and there she had disposed
a dish of ham in the centre, flanked by a tempting
omelet, which the turtle eggs had supplied, and on
the other side a dish of toasted cheese. We now
produced the knives, forks, plates, and spoons, as
well as the captain's silver service, which we had


brought from the wreck, and our supper table pre-
sented an appearance rarely seen on a desert island.
We were soon surrounded by the two dogs, the fowls,
and the pigeons, who seemed to demand a share of
the good things. The sheep and goats also had
gathered near, so that we already felt as if we were
the sovereigns of our little kingdom. As for the
ducks and geese, they had established their quarters
in a marsh on the river's brink, and seemed too well
content with the abundant supplies it afforded, to
think of leaving it.
Our supper proved most acceptable; and when it
was about done, I despatched Fritz to the boat for a
bottle of Canary wine, which I had brought out of
the captain's cabin, and invited my wife to narrate
her adventures during my absence.



' 'I'm morning you left," said my good wife, begin-
ning her narrative, I was chiefly taken up with
watching your progress, and the signals which as-
sured me of your safety. But this morning, having
satisfied myself that we had nothing to fear, I began
to look about me to better purpose. I must look
out, said I to myself, some more shady and shel-
tered spot for our tent. Where we are, we cannot


go out without being exposed to the burning rays of
the sun, which greatly incommode us. We set out
accordingly on a journey of discovery; the children
and the two dogs marching with me, and fording the
river where we had seen you cross before. Ernest
was the first to get over, and Jack followed, while I
took little Francis on my back, and we were soon all
on the other side. I filled a large flask, which I had
brought with me, with water, the boys were provided
with our game-bags, with a supply of provisions, and
Ernest and Jack each carried a gun in case of any
sudden danger. I now saw the advantage of your
having so early accustomed the boys to the use of
fire-arms, and really felt my two dear boys, though
only twelve and ten years of age, to be protectors as
well as companions.
I so longed for the enjoyment of the shade of
trees after being thus scorched by the sun, that I
directed our course towards a wood we had in view.
The long grass and reeds, however, which were
taller than the children's heads, rendered progress
extremely difficult and harassing. All at once we
were startled by a loud whirring noise, apparently
at our very feet, and at the same instant a bird of
large size rose from out the grass and flew away,
before the boys could recover presence of mind enough
to present their guns. As soon as my first fright
was over, I could not avoid laughing at the mortified
look of both the boys. You must have your guns
ready,' said I, 'for you see the birds have not man-


ncrs enough here to wait till you shoot them.' I
am sure it was an eagle,' said Francis, 'it was so
large.' Ernest ridiculed the idea, and pronounced it
to be a bustard. They were getting into hot discus-
sion on the subject, when I observed to them, that if
the bird had waited long enough for them to examine
it, they would have had time to shoot it too. Let
him only give us the same chance again,' said Ernest,
scornfully, and we will have leisure enough after I
have shot him, to determine what he is.' -le had
scarcely finished his boastful speech, when, whirr!
went another precisely like the first, almost past his
nose. The boys were so completely taken by sur-
prise, that they did not offer to present their guns,
while I said to them jocosely, Such a famous pair of
sportsmen as we have! we need not fear want so long
as we have you to supply us with game.' Ernest
was so mortified, that he looked as if read to cry:
but Jack good-huinouredly took off his hat, ali
making a very formal bow, said, Pray, Mr. Bird,
only have the goodness to pay us another visit; and
see if we do not improve our better acquaintance!'
On making a few steps in advance, we found the nest
they had left. It was formed of dried grass, i ith
little appearance of skill. Fragments of broken
shells in it showed that the young had been recently
hatched, and we had little doubt that the covey had
only scattered into the neighboring grass; but our
own progress was too slow to render it probable that
we should be able to catch them.


"We soon reached the wood we had in view, where
the boys found a new source of interest in watching
the strange birds, with gorgeous and extremely
varied plumage, that flitted about the higher branches
ir 1''1''.'1 perfectly heedless of us. The wood, how-
ever, was altogether different from what I had con-
ceived. It was rather a group of ten or twelve trees,
the trunks of which seemed to be sustained in their
position by arched roots of the trees. Jack climbed
up one of these singular stems to measure the main
trunk with a string, and found that it was above
thirty feet in circumference. Between the roots it
must have been more than forty feet, and I found
that it measured thirty-two paces round the verge of
the roots. The foliage is abundant, and the branches
thick, so that it furnished a most agreeable shade,
while underneath, the whole area which it enclosed
was carpeted with a short tender plant, growing
very thick, and forming a most soft and pleasant
sward. Altogether it seemed to me one of the most
charming retreats I had ever seen, and I resolved to
go no further, but to enjoy its shelter till it should
be time to return. A small stream was at hand to
supply a refreshing draught, and here we opened our
provision bags and made our noon-day meal. The
dogs, which had been wandering for some time, now
joined us, but to my surprise they lay down without
looking for food, and were soon asleep. For my
own part, I was so enamoured of the spot, that it
seemed to me if we could only establish our lodging


supported on the arching pillars of these trees, we
would be beyond the reach of danger, and in as de-
lightful a spot as heart could desire.
On our return we chose a path which soon led us
to the sea-shore. Here we found spars, casks, chests,
and other articles which had floated from the wreck;
but they were all too large for us to think of bringing
them home. We contented ourselves, therefore, with
dragging and rolling as many as we could beyond
the reach of high water. While doing so, I observed
the dogs hunting for a kind of crab, which they ap-
peared to eat with great relish. This accounted for
their former conduct, and gave me no little satisfac-
tion, as it removed all dread of their becoming a bur-
den on us in case of any failing in our provisions.
When we resumed our walk homeward, I observed
Bill turn up something in the sand, which he
devoured with avidity. Ernest, who was nearest,
immediately pronounced them to be turtles' eggs. I
ran immediately, followed by the children, and col-
lected about two dozen of them. The rest we left to
Bill as a reward for his sagacity.
"While we were carefully depositing this unex-
pected prize in our provision bags, I chanced to look
towards the sea, and was astonished to descry a sail.
I knew not what to think at first, but both Ernest and
Jack were sure it must be you, and I soon became
convinced that they were right. We lost no further
time, but hastened to the river side. We crossed it
with greater confidence than formerly, leaping from
(BO) P


stone to stone without needing to wade; and we
arrived, as you know, in time to welcome you on
your safe return."
Such was my wife's narrative of the day's adven-
tures. I now began to rally her, somewhat sarcas-
tically, on the idea of establishing our quarters in
this favourite tree. Would you have us roost,"
said I, like fowls among the branches? And pray
how do you propose that we should get up to our
perch?" I soon found, however, that my dear wife
was not inclined to have her ideas received in any
such manner, and I therefore assumed a serious man-
ner, and desired her to explain her plan. While we
had been listening to her, however, the shades of
evening had been stealing on us unperceived; and
fatigued as we all were with the labours of the day,
we knelt together in prayer, and then retired once
nore to rest.



" LISTE to me!" said I to my wife next morning;
" does it not seem as if Providence had conducted us
to the place where we now are? We are closed in
on all sides by the river, the rocks, and the sea, while
our vicinity to the wreck will enable us still further
to enrich ourselves with its stores. Let us, therc-

BiLDGEOB;-I; C I,)liN(, 69

fore, have patience, and be content where i-w are for
some time at least, till I have brought from the ship
all that can possibly be of use to us."
What you say may be all very well," replied
my wife, but I must first tell you that the heat
here is altogether intolerable; while, as to the safety
which you prize so much, did it save us from the
jackals ? or will it be any more effective in keeping
away lions or tigers ? and as to the treasures in the
wreck, I renounce them with all my heart; for
when you were away for the last two days on the
sea, I was a prey to the most fearful apprehension.,
and dreaded you might never return." I acknow-
ledged there was some force in the arguments of my
wife; "but," said I, "it will perhaps be better that
we make a compromise. If we make our abode beneath
your favourite trees, we must still keep our magazine
and store-house among these rocks ; and, indeed, with
the facilities I have for blowing away some portion
of them near the river with gunpowder, this place
may be rendered an impregnable shelter, to which we
can retreat at any emergency. The first thing we
must think of, with a view to our proposed emigra-
tion, is to construct a bridge across the river." A
bridge!" E -.. i .:,, -. .,- -. ; in undisguised astonish-
ment; "if we are to wait here till you build a bridge,
we may make up our minds to live and die on the
spot. We have crossed the river already, have we
not? And the cow and ass can carry on their backs
all we possess." And would you i...i..'.. I re-


plied somewhat hastily, to drown all the sheep and
poultry, to say nothing of dragging through the
water all your cow's and ass's burdens A bridge is
indispensable; and while I am making it, let me beg
of you to employ yourself in preparing some sacks
and baskets in which to carry our little store. It
will not be of mere temporary use, for the stream
is, no doubt, liable to floods, and must at certain
seasons become impassable by any other means."
My dear wife acknowledged at once the force of
my arguments, and was all the more reconciled to
my plans from the proposal of providing a magazine
for the powder among the rocks, as it had already
been a source of anxiety and fear to her.
As soon as morning prayers were over, we pro-
ceeded to breakfast, and Fritz had the pleasure of
seeing his monkey suck one of the goats as if it had
been its own mother. My wife next proceeded to
milk the cow, which supplied us with an excellent
repast, part of it being boiled along with the hard
ship-biscuit. She also put some of it into a large
flaggon for our refreshment during the day; and I
now proceeded to prepare our boat for another expe-
dition to the wreck, in order to procure wood for
constructing the bridge. So soon as breakfast was
over, I set off, taking Ernest as well as Fritz with
me, that we might accomplish our purpose with the
less delay. We rowed with all our might till we
got into the current, which soon carried us out of the
bay. But we had scarcely arrived off a little island


which lay to the left, than we perceived a large
quantity of sea-fowl congregated about some object.
I was curious to know what could be the cause. I
steered for the spot, and finding we were making
very slow progress, I hoisted the sail, in order to
take advantage of a breath of wind which had sprung
Fritz was the first to descry that the whole flock
of birds were perched on the carcass of a huge fish,
which had been cast ashore on the island. We
brought the boat alongside, and securing it to a large
stone, I stepped ashore without disturbing the birds,
so intent were they on their prey. Fritz was
astonished at the huge size of this monster fish, and
repeatedly exclaimed, How can so huge a monster
have been brought here?" "I believe," said I to
him, "that you yourself are the cause; for this is
undoubtedly the very fish you fired at yesterday; and
see, here are the marks of the two balls in its head."
" Indeed it is!" said Fritz, not a little proud of his
achievement. "I know I had put two balls in my
gun, and here they are lodged to good purpose in
the horrible head of it." It is indeed a hideous
monster," said I; the sight of these tremendous
jaws, armed with such rows of teeth, even when dead,
makes one shudder. We cannot be too thankful to
Providence for our escape from such a monster. Nor
must I forget that we owe to the courage and skill
of Fritz that the shark is thus laid a dead carcass on
this island." The birds were so intent on their feast,


that they scarcely took notice of our approach, nor
could they be dispersed till Ernest drew out the ran-
rod of his gun and struck with it right and left among
them with such vigour that they were compelled re-
luctantly to abandon their prey. We then cut off
some portions of its rough skin, which it had occur-
red to me might prove useful in various ways, and
especially as a substitute for a file or rasp, owing to
its extreme roughness. This, however, was not the
only fruits of our visit to the island ; for I observed,
to my great satisfaction, that a number of planks and
spars were strewed along the shore, which were
admirably adapted for my purpose, and would thus
save me the trouble of going to the wreck. From
these I selected as many as were suitable, and with
the help of my two boys we soon had them afloat.
Our next care was to arrange them and bind them
together into a raft, which we secured to the stern of
the boat, and then hoisting our sail we turned its
prow towards the shore. Thus, through this fortunate
chance we had accomplished in a couple of hours
"what I anticipated would have occupied us the whole
day, and involved no slight amount of labour.
We were soon once more in the bay, and made for
our old landing-place. On getting ashore I shouted
loudly to call the attention of those who had remained
on shore, and was soon cheered by their welcome
reply, and we caught sight of them approaching
from the river, each carrying a handkerchief filled
with some new supply, which they opened out before


us, displaying a store of lobsters enough to furnish
our table for days to come. Little Francis was full
of glee, telling me that it was he who had first dis-
covered them, while Jack recounted his exertions
with the net, and his courage in wading into the
water to get them. I congratulated both on their
zeal and success, and assured them I would have
great satisfaction in eating a dish of their providing.
Jack, as he assured me, had set out with Francis to
look for a proper place for the building of the bridge,
when he suddenly called to his brother to observe
that Fritz's jackall was covered with lobsters. They
added that they could have secured many more had
I not called them off just as they were gathering
them. Their supply, however, was already more
than sufficient, and I could not avoid reflecting with
thankfulness that our lot had been cast where the
means of subsistence was attainable with so moderate
While my wife was busied with preparations for
cooking this new supply of provisions, I proceeded
with the boys to examine the river, and decide on
the proper site for our bridge. The place which
had already struck little Jack's fancy was a very
suitable one, but it was at a considerable distance
from the nearest spot where it was possible to land
the timber. Every day's experience, however, was
rendering us more self-dependent. I called to mind
the simple harness described as in use by the Lap-
landers with their rein-deers. The ass, therefore, I


yoked by simply passing the loop of a rope round
its neck; and then carrying it through between its
legs, I secured it to a piece of timber which I wished
to draw ashore. The cow was in like manner har-
nessed by a rope attached to its horns; and we were
soon able, without any great difficulty, to drag the
whole materials of the bridge to its destined site.
It was now necessary to ascertain the breadth of the
river before we could complete our plans. But this
Ernest ingeniously accomplished by tying a stone
to the end of a ball of stout pack-thread, and throw-
ing it across the river. We had thus at once a
measure by which to determine the length of beams
required. The breadth from bank to bank was
eighteen feet; and as it was necessary to allow suffi-
cient additional length to the timbers to make the
whole secure, I chose some beams twenty-four feet
long. But how to get these laid across the river
was now the question; and as we were already
fatigued with the labour we had undergone, I pro-
posed that we should take it into consideration while
we were partaking of the dinner, which my wife now
announced to be ready. We found she had not been
idle in our absence. In addition to a very agreeable
dish she had cooked of the lobsters, she had also
prepared rice and milk, which our appetite prepared
us to do ample justice to. Before beginning this,
however, she called on us to inspect two sacks she
had made for the ass, which, in the absence of large
needles, she had ingeniously contrived to stitch by


using a sharp nail for an awl. Notwithstanding
her difficulties, she had contrived, by dint of perse-
verance, to make two very passable saddle-bags,
which I failed not to commend as they deserved.
We had no time, however, to spare for gossip, but
despatched our meal in haste, and hurried back to
our work.
After considering various plans for accomplishing
our purpose, I secured the end of one of the long
beams loosely to the trunk of a large tree, and then
attaching a long rope to the opposite extremity, I
threw the loose end, by means of a stone, to the oppo-
site bank of the stream. My next step was to cross
the river, taking a block with me, which I secured
to a tree, and then passing the rope through it, I
returned with the end, and, harnessing both the ass
and cow to it, I drove them rapidly in the opposite
direction. The device completely succeeded. The
beam slowly rose into the air, turning round the trunk
of the tree as a swivel; and, on my checking my
novel pair of draught horses, it dropt easily into its
place. Fritz and Jack were no less delighted than
myself, and testified their joy, somewhat to my alarm,
by leaping on it and crossing the stream on this
narrow bridge.
The chief difficulty was now removed. Three
other beams were laid across by the same process,
and, with the ready help of my sons, arranged at
equal distances at the most convenient part of the
river. Across these we laid the planks, purposely


leaving them unfixed, so as to admit of their removal
if we wished to interrupt the communication. I
found that their weight was sufficient to keep them
in their place; and having seen that all was ready,
I summoned my wife to examine the bridge, which
she had persuaded herself was to be the labour of a
lifetime. She was no less delighted than the chil-
dren, and, indeed, I partook of her excitement, and
we both ran across the bridge and back again, well
pleased to find how difficulties yielded to our perse-
verance. Fatigued with our day's labours, we were
glad to retire to our tent, where, after offering up
our thanks to God, we were speedily in the enjoy-
ment of well-earned repose.



THE following morning, my first thought was to
warn the children of the necessity of caution and
prudence in the journey we were now proposing-
urging them not to wander from our side. For my
own part, I could not avoid some feelings of regret
at the prospect of leaving an abode which, though
we had occupied it for so short a time, had been so
safe a shelter to us in our necessities. With the
help of the boys, the flock was soon together. I
secured a pair of bags firmly to the back of the ass


and cow, and packed in them as much of our heavy
baggage as we could contrive to make them carry-
kitchen utensils, tools, provisions, hammocks, and
blankets, were all laid across the backs of these use-
ful animals. Having despatched a hasty breakfast,
we were about to set out; but my wife remonstrated
against leaving the fowls, even for a single night,
and also told me that some means of disposing of
little Francis must be found, as the child was in-
capable of a long walk. I accommodated the little
fellow behind the hammocks, on the ass's back;
while the other boys set off in pursuit of the poultry
and pigeons, from whence they returned without
accomplishing anything else than putting themselves
in ill-humour. Their mother laughed at them for
their thoughtless folly, and sprinkling a few grains
and crumbs of bread, she soon got the whole poultry
and pigeons around her; and, decoying them by the
same means into the tent, I closed it from the out-
side, and the whole, with wings and feet tied, were
soon safe in two hampers on either side of the
All our stores which we could not carry with us
were now collected into the tent; and having secured
it as carefully as we could, and arranged all the
larger casks and chests, both full and empty, around
it, we took our departure. Each of us carried a
provision bag and a gun. Fritz and his mother
marched at the head. The cow and the ass, with its
rider, followed them. The goats, under the conduct


of Jack, formed the third detachment, the ape sitting
perched on his shoulders, and grinning behind at us,
to our great amusement. Ernest followed with the
sheep, and I came last of all as the rear-guard; the
dogs occupying no particular place in our cavalcade,
but running now before and now behind, as if seeing
that all was right. The caravan slowly advanced
with a most patriarchal aspect; and the idea of a
nomade tribe seemed to have occurred to both Fritz
and Ernest at the same time as myself. We are
now moving," I said, "as our Eastern fathers were
wont to travel from place to place. The Tartars,
Arabs, and other wandering nations, are wont to this
day to follow such a wandering life; but they have
their camels and horses, while we must be content
with our poor ass and cow. For my part, I hope
this migration will be our last." My wife replied
that our new destination, under the shade of her
favourite trees, would amply repay all the toils of the
journey. The sow had proved so restive and un-
manageable, that, after one or two ineffectual attempts,
we had given up the idea of bringing her off. But
we were not long gone when she set off voluntarily
in the same direction-testifying, however, by her
short grunts, the extreme dissatisfaction with which
she regarded our whole procedure. New difficulties
beset us as soon as the bridge was crossed, for the
rich long grass tempted the animals to stray, and all
our orderly cavalcade was soon in total confusion.
The dogs were now of the greatest use; and when


we were once more in some order, I directed the
leader to take the way along the coast, so as to avoid
the repetition of this disaster.
We had scarcely got fairly in motion again when
our dogs darted once more among the long grass,
and presently a fierce barking and howling got up,
as if they were engaged in combat with some fierce
assailant. Fritz immediately presented his gun
and hastened to the spot, followed by Jack, while
Ernest, with characteristic caution, retreated to his
mother's side. Dreading the attack of some danger-
ous wild beast, I followed them immediately, calling
loudly to them to take care. My exhortations,
however, were fruitless. They pushed on boldly to
the scene of combat, and presently I heard Jack
shouting, Papa! papa! come quickly! a huge
porcupine !" Relieved of my greatest apprehensions
by this announcement, I soon reached the spot, and,
as they had said, the dogs were busy assailing a por-
cupine, which, whenever they approached it, elevated
its quills so suddenly, that the blood already flowed
from several wounds in their heads, and abundantly
accounted for their fierce howling. Jack, however,
had no idea of being an idle on-looker in this unequal
combat. Drawing a pistol from his belt, he presented
it at the porcupine with so well-directed an aim, that
his shot went through the head, leaving it dead on
the spot. Jack was not a little proud of this achieve-
ment, while Fritz, by no means satisfied to be thus
outdone by his little brother, commented with covert


jealousy on the imprudence and rashness of his con.
duct, and asked with some acerbity if he did not
see that he might have shot one of the dogs, or, in-
deed, his father or himself. Jack was by no means
inclined to make any such acknowledgments, and
words were running high between them, when I in-
terfered, and rebuked the spirit which Fritz was
giving way to, showing that, though Jack was per-
haps a little imprudent, he had exerted himself
courageously for the common good, and urging on
both to cultivate generous and brotherly feelings
towards each other. Even when dead, we found it
no easy matter to handle the porcupine, but, with the
help of some bundles of soft grass with which I
enveloped it, we got it removed, and placed in one of
the donkey's panniers.
We resumed our march without further accident,
Fritz going on before us with his gun, ready to have
the first shot should any new assailant appear. At
length we arrived within sight of what we already
styled The Land of Promise. The gigantic trees
exceeded my highest expectations. One and all
united in exclamations of wonder and delight, while
I congratulated my wife on her discovery and judi-
cious selection of this charming spot for our destined
abode. If we can only contrive to fix our tent,"
said I to my wife, "up among these branches, as
you propose, we shall have little cause to dread the
attack of any wild beast."
We now set about unloading our beasts, and let


them graze, only taking the precaution to shackle
their fore-legs, so as to prevent them wandering far,
with the exception of the sow, which continued to
take its own way. The pigeons and poultry were
also restored to liberty, and left to choose their own
retreat. While my wife and I were discussing the
needful arrangements for our future habitation, we
were suddenly started by the report of a gun, and
immediately afterwards we heard the shout of Fritz,
who speedily reappeared with a large beautiful tiger-
cat which he had shot. Bravo! my brave sports-
man," said I, welcoming him on his return, you
have rendered good service to our pigeons and
poultry; the foe you have just slain would have
made an end of them in a single night. Wage an
exterminating war with all such enemies, or we shall
not long have a chicken left." A conversation now
followed between Ernest, Fritz, and myself, as to the
exact nature of this animal. I explained to them
that I did not conceive it to be that which goes by
the name of the tiger-cat at the Cape of Good Hope,
but rather the margay, a fierce animal, found in
various parts of South America, and known as a
deadly enemy to all the smaller beasts and birds ot
the forest. Fritz expressed his desire to preserve
the skin, begging that none of his brothers would
meddle with it as they had done with that of the
jackall, and appealing at the same time to me to
advise what would be the best purpose for him to
apply it to. I recommended him to lose no time in

skinning it, and suggested that he would do well to
make for himself such another belt as that of his
brother Jack, while the remainder of the skin might
be employed in making cases for the knives, forks,
spoons, and other kitchen utensils, which were at
present liable to be injured or lost. Jack was, in
like manner, bent upon having his porcupine skinned,
to which we were all the more willing, that the flesh
of that animal is considered a delicacy, and was
therefore applicable to our present wants. I got no
peace from the two boys till I had directed them as
to the best means of taking the skins off their prizes,
while Ernest stood by, watching our operations, with
his hands in his pockets, sagely discussing the habits
of the animals, and the nature of the trees under
which we were sheltered. The latter he pronounced
to be very large hazel trees. In this, however, I
persuaded him that he was mistaken, explaining my
reasons for believing that the tree was the moun-
tain mangrove.
Francis had meanwhile been industriously em-
ployed gathering dry sticks for a fire. We next
went to the bed of a neighboring little stream, and
selected stones with which to construct a fireplace;
and while my wife was busy preparing our supper,
I employed myself manufacturing packing-needles
for her by means of the porcupine's quills. These
I readily perforated with a nail, which I heated in
the fire till the point was red hot, and then took hold
of the other end with a wet cloth. By this means a


set of needles, of various sizes, were made in a very
short time, to my wife's great satisfaction. I recoin-
mended her, however, to be sparing in the use of
our supply of twine and thread, especially as I had
already thought of constructing a rope ladder with
which to reach the lower branches of the trees. These,
however, were fully thirty feet from the ground, and
both I and the boys exerted all our strength in vain
in the attempt to throw a stone with a string attached
to it over one of the boughs. We desisted, therefore,
and proceeded to partake of the porcupine soup, which
was excellent. Its flesh also furnished a very palat-
able dish, though my wife could not be persuaded
to taste it, but made her supper of ham and cheese.
As for the dogs, they made a no less hearty meal of
the margay, the skin of which I assisted Fritz in
distending in the bed of the neighboring rivulet,
and securing it by means of large stones.



WHEN we had finished our repast, I observed to my
wife that I saw we must make up our minds to rest
under the trees for this night. I therefore desired
her to busy herself preparing harness for the ass and
cow, while I suspended our hammocks to the arched
roots of the trees, and covered them with the sail-cloth
(30) 6


so as to furnish us with a shelter from wind and dew.
I then hastened with the boys to the shore in search
of pieces of wood necessary for carrying out my
plans. While I was busily examining many pieces
of the wreck which lay strewed about, Ernest directed
my attention to a quantity of bamboos, half-buried in
the sand, which, when cleaned and stripped of their
leaves, proved admirably adapted for the steps of my
ladder. These I cut with my hatchet into pieces of
four or five feet long, and then the boys bound them
into bundles for carrying home. I secured some of
the slender stalks with which to make arrows, for a
plan I had already conceived, and we then proceeded
towards a thicket where I hoped to obtain some
flexible boughs.
We approached with our wonted caution, in case
of disturbing any reptiles or wild beasts, allowing
Bill to precede us. But we had scarcely reached
its outskirts when Bill made a sudden spring and
darted among the long underwood, immediately after
which a troop of large flamingoes rose on the wing
with a loud rustling sound. Fritz, who had been on
the watch, fired immediately, and wounded two of
them. One fell quite dead, but the other was only
slightly wounded in the wing, and, with the help of
Bill, we secured it alive, to Fritz's great delight.
I was not, however, neglectful of my original object.
I picked out some of the canes which had done
flowering, and cut off the hard ends to point my
arrows, as I knew is practised among the natives of


the Antilles. I also selected two of the largest canes
I could see for the purpose of measuring the height
of our great tree. We now prepared to return. I
gave Ernest the two long canes and the bundle of
bamboos to carry. Fritz bore the dead flamingo,
while I took charge of the living one.
We met with a hearty reception on our return.
The children were delighted with the beautiful addi-
tion we had brought to our poultry, though my wife
looked on it with a less favourable eye, anticipating
that so large a bird would require more food than all
the rest. But I soon dismissed all such apprehen-
sions by assuring her that the stranger bird would
not diminish her stores of grain, but would be well
content if he were allowed to hunt for himself for
worms and reptiles, or the little fish of the brook.
I informed them, moreover, that it was a bird easily
tamed, and on examining and dressing its wound
there appeared to be no doubt that it would speedily
heal. I therefore fastened it by a long cord to a
stake set in the ground, near the bank of the stream,
and in a very short time it appeared to be quite at
its ease among us.
In the meantime the boys had tied the two long
canes together, and set about measuring the height
of our large tree; but they soon returned, laughing
in a very scornful manner, and telling me if I hoped
to measure the tree I must have a very different rod,
for that one barely reached to the top of the arching
roots. I desired them, however, to wait a little


before they gave such ample scope to their mirth.
and recalling to Fritz's memory some lessons he had
received before he left home on the mode of ascer-
taining the altitudes of mountains, I then showed
him the application of the same method, employing
the canes with lines for the want of better mathe-
matical instruments; and I satisfactorily established
the height to the lower branches to be thirty feet, a
fact which I was desirous of ascertaining, with a
view to the construction of a ladder of the necessary
length. I next desired Fritz to measure how much
stout rope we possessed, as I wanted upwards of
sixty feet to supply the requisite amount for my
proposed ladder. The two youngest boys were set
to collect all the small string, while I sat down on
the grass and proceeded to construct arrows of the
canes I had gathered, filling them with wet sand to
give them weight, and pointing them with the hard
pieces of cane. Some feathers from the dead fla-
mingo, tied on to the opposite end, completed my
arrows. I then made a bow of one of the strongest
bamboos; but no sooner did the boys see me thus
equipped with a bow and arrows, than they crowded
round me, shouting joyfully, A bow! a bow and
arrows! Do let me try it!-and me!-and me
also !" Have a little patience," said I in reply.
" This is not made for mere amusement." I then
obtained from my wife a ball of stout pack-thread,
which her never-failing bag supplied. One end of
the thread I secured to my arrow, and having un-


wound it, I shot off the arrow so that it passed over
one of the stoutest of the lower branches and fell on
the opposite side, carrying the thread with it. It
was easy, by means of the thread, to draw a stout
cord over the same bough ; and having thus satisfac-
torily completed the preliminary steps, I now set
about the construction of the ladder. Fortunately
the supply of rope we possessed amply -,iii....l.
Having cut two portions of the needful length, I
stretched them along the ground about a foot apart.
Fritz meanwhile employed himself in cutting the
canes into pieces of about two feet long, which Ernest
handed to me, and these I attached to the ropes by
means of cords, with a space of about twelve inches
between, and Jack completed their fastening by
driving a stout nail through each, and into the rope,
so as effectually to prevent them from shifting.
Thus, in an incredibly short time, the whole was
completed, and then, tying it to the end of the rope,
I pulled it up, amid the rejoicing shouts of the boys,
who were already contending who should be the first
to ascend to the tree. I picked out Jack as the
nimblest and lightest, and set him up the tree; Fritz
followed him with a hammer and nails, and secured the
ladder more firmly at the top; after which I attached
its lower end to stakes firmly driven into the ground,
and then ascended to complete the work of fastening
it at the top. I carried with me a large pully and
rope, and fastened the former to a stout branch.
Having thus provided the means for drawing the


needful materials aloft with which to build our castle
in the air, I directed the boys to descend. I then
smoothed the bough with my axe, so as to prevent
the fraying of the ropes. A clear moonlight had
enabled me to prolong my labours to a much later
hour than usual, but I was now completely worn
out, and descended with the intention of immediately
retiring to rest. Great was my surprise on reaching
the ground, to find that the boys, whom I had sent
down before me, had not been there. I was totally
at a loss what to imagine, but all anxiety was at
once dispelled by their voices being heard at that
moment singing the evening hymn on one of the
topmost boughs. The young rogues, bent on a frolic,
had slipped up the tree instead of descending, while
I was too busy to observe them. I did not deem it
necessary to make any very serious complaint when
they soon after descended. Supper was already
waiting us, and my wife produced a creditable set of
harness both for the ass and cow, which had been
her work while we were busy with our ladder. Our
supper done, my wife drew the poultry together by
scattering crumbs and grains so as to accustom them
to the spot. The pigeons were already at roost in
the tree, and the beasts secured to the roots among
which our hammocks were suspended. Some objec-
tions were expressed to the discomfort of these beds
after the pleasant cushion of moss on which they had
been sleeping; but I ridiculed such effeminacy, and
it was abundantly obvious by the looks of all that


they were already too sleepy to be very difficult to
satisfy. We had gathered several heaps of faggots
and dried grass so as to form a circle around us.
These we lighted as watch-fires, and soon all were
sound asleep but myself.



MY mind was too much preoccupied with anxieties
for the others to permit me to sleep till near dawn.
By degrees, however, I became more composed and
free from apprehension, and at length fell into a
sound sleep, from which I rose refreshed, and we
were soon all busy at work. My wife having milked
the cow and completed her household arrangements,
set off with Ernest, Jack, and Francis, and with the
ass in its new harness, to bring home a supply of
drift-wood from the shore. Fritz and I found enough
to do in the tree. We ascended the ladder once
more, and proceeded to make the needful arrange-
ments for our proposed dwelling. A further exami-
nation of it was of the most satisfactory kind. The
lower branches were nearly horizontal, and at no
great distance apart. We set to work with axe and
saw, and soon cut away the branches that interfered
with our plan. Those above them seemed conve-
niently adapted for suspending our hammocks from,


and above these we cleared away the smaller branches
so as to admit of our stretching the sail-cloth across
the whole as an awning and roof.
My wife speedily returned with her first load of
wood, and we set about raising the materials for our
proposed structure to the platform we had already
prepared for them. My wife and the younger boys
acted as the workmen below, and when the beams
which we required proved too weighty for their com-
bined strength, we found our block and tackle of the
utmost use. By this means I soon had several stout
beams across the lower branches, and having secured
them, the elevation of the planking was compara-
tively easy, the fragments of the wreck having sup-
plied abundance of wood, ready cut, for the :1.. b.
and sufficiently light to be easily carried by our
assistants below. With these I laid a stout floor
across the beams, strengthening it by double planks
along the edges; and on these I raised a paling or
enclosure, so as to render it perfectly safe. The
next day being Sunday, we were anxious to com-
plete our dwelling so far as to render it habitable
before night, and contented ourselves with a hasty
repast of cold ham and biscuits. With our rope and
pully we next raised our hammocks, blankets, and
the large canvass of our tent, with which we roofed
in the whole, securing it to two sides of the platform.
The back of it rested against the huge trunk of the
tree, so that we were only open in front where we
could look out on the sea, and where the landing-


place was fixed. Our dormitory already began to
assume a very comfortable appearance. I now
descended; and some portion of the day being still
before us, I employed myself in manufacturing a
table out of the wood which still remained. This I
fixed between the large roots of the tree where we
had slept the night before, and surrounded it with
planks set up on supports, so as to form very con-
venient seats for our dining-table. Meanwhile the
younger boys busied themselves in gathering the
chips, and heaping together such dried sticks as
were at hand, so as to form watch-fires for the night,
while my wife was preparing the supper which we
all stood in need of.
Exhausted with a hard day's work, I threw my-
self at length on the grass, while my wife proceeded
to dish a very comfortable stew, which she had pre-
pared for us from the flamingo shot the previous day.
Its companion seemed already becoming familiarized
with us, while our little monkey leaped from one to
another, mimicking all our gestures, and furnishing
us with an endless source of amusement. The
poultry, we were also glad to see, were still inclined
to stay by us, and the sow, the only wanderer of the
family, returned this evening and saluted us with
its familiar grunt, so much to the satisfaction of my
wife, that she gave it all the unused milk, which it
was then impossible for her to turn to account in
making cheese or butter, for want of the needful
utensils. These, however I promised-not greatly


to her satisfaction-to bring with me on my next
voyage from the ship; for she could hardly hear of
my attempting to visit the wreck without a shudder.
The watch-fires were now lighted. Our two dogs
were secured to the roots of the tree as a defence
against intruders, and we prepared to retire for the
night. The labours of the day had been amply suffi-
cient to make us welcome the hour of rest; but the
novelty of the new dwelling, and the anticipation of
security and comfort which it gave rise to, made
every one eager to ascend. The three boys mounted,
one after the other, the moment the word was given.
Their mother took it with more deliberation, and
cautiously guarding each step, at length landed for
the first time on the aerie dwelling which had ori-
ginated in her own suggestion. Mly own ascent was
the last and most difficult; for, in addition to having
little Francis on my back, I had to fling the lower
end of the rope-ladder loose, in order to admit of its
being drawn up after me, so that it swung about
very unpleasantly, greatly adding to the difficulty
of this novel approach to our new dwelling. I got
up, however, safely at last, and, having drawn the
ladder after me, we all felt a sense of security, which
amply repaid us for the labour we had expended. I
deemed it, however, advisable to lay our guns within
reach; and having thus provided against every
danger, we were soon asleep, and did not awake
again till the sun was shining brightly in at the
opening of our tent.



IN the morning all awoke refreshed and invigorated;
nor was there the slightest dissatisfaction expressed
at the straightened accommodation of the hammocks,
which had formerly proved a source of abundant
complaint. So soon as they were all assembled, I
reminded them that this was the Lord's day, ap-
pointed for rest, and for the worship of God, and not
the less to be thus observed and enjoyed by us in
our solitary state, than when surrounded by the wor-
shipping assemblies of a Christian land. My wife
was somewhat inclined to repine at the want of a
special church wherein to worship; but I had little
difficulty in persuading them that God's own beauti-
ful sky was as fit a roof for his temple as the noblest
domes that man could build, and that our praises
and prayers would not ascend the less acceptably to
him because we worshipped under the shadow of our
great trees.
We descended by means of our ladder; and, while
I proceeded with the boys to serve the animals with
needful food, my wife prepared our breakfast of
biscuits and warm milk. .This done, my wife and
children seated themselves on the grass, while I
occupied a slight eminence near them; and, having
sung a part of the one hundred and nineteenth psalm,
with which the boys were all familiar, I repeated the


church service for the day, after which I sought to
interest and instruct them by means of the following
allegory :-
"There was once, in a very fertile country, a
great king, who had two vast possessions, the one
known as the Kingdom of Light and Reality, because
unceasing activity and constant light prevailed
there; the other, situated on its northern frontiers,
in the regions of ice and snow, and of which the
sovereign alone knew the extent. The latter was
called the Kingdom of Indolence and Night, because
everything in it was inactive and dark.
The inhabitants of the first kingdom lived in the
enjoyment of uninterrupted felicity. The king held
his court at a magnificent city, styled the Ieavenly
Rest, where thousands of happy attendants waited to
do his bidding, clothed in garments more beautiful
than the rainbow, and purer than the snow. There
were many degrees among them, but all were united
together in the unchanging bonds of affection and
sincerity, and none could conceive of a higher grati-
fication than to be employed in the service of their
royal master.
"Beyond the frontiers of this great kingdom the
sovereign possessed a desert island, which he resolved
to colonize, in pursuance of a plan by which he pro.
posed to transfer his subjects from the desolate
regions of his northern kingdom to a full share in
the privileges of those of the Kingdom of Light. In
pursuance of this plan, the king equipped a fleet to


transport a body of colonists from the Kingdom (
Night to the Island of Earthly Abode. Once arrived
there, the benevolent sovereign bestowed upon them
everything which he conceived calculated to ensure
their happiness. Admitted, as they were, to the enjoy-
ment of light, and all the natural beauties which the
newly peopled island possessed, the colonists could not
but contrast with joy the change from their former
dull and gloomy abode. He further gave to each of
them the promise that this island was to be only a
probationary stage, and that all who fulfilled their
duties as colonists, cultivated their new lands, and
acted in implicit obedience to the laws he had
appointed, should be admitted to the full privileges
of citizens of the Heavenly Rest, so soon as their
period of probation was expired. In order the more
effectually to carry out his plans, the king appointed
his son to be the governor of the new colony, who
assembled them all, and set forth to them the obli-
gations they. were required to fulfil, as well as the
penalties in case of neglect and disobedience, includ-
ing for the idle, the contemptuous, and the wicked,
the condemnation to slavery and perpetual banish-
ment, to labour in gloomy subterranean mines. The
prince, moreover, told them that ships would be sent
from time to time to bring oft such as merited trans-
lation to the Kingdom of Light. But he added,
'None need hope to deceive, for a wondrous mirror,
which I possess, will reveal to me all your most
secret actions.'


All declared themselves delighted with the
terms on which they were to be governed and
admitted to higher privileges. But no sooner were
they fairly established, than each did as he pleased,
following only the dictates of his own pleasure,
planting wild fruit which pleased the eye, rather
than the useful seeds given them to sow and reap,
and in all things consulting their ease, sloth, or self-
will. Every one possessed a copy of the great
king's laws, but few read or heeded them, and some
even scoffed at their obligations as things out of
date, and ridiculed the few who aimed at obedience.
The great king, they said, was far too benevolent and
good to take notice of such variations in their pro-
ceedings. He meant them all to be happy, and
would certainly admit them at last to the Kingdom
of Light. As for the gloomy mines and the dark
slavery spoken of, they plainly declared that they
did not believe such things had any existence; they
were quite inconsistent with the character of their
good king, and had been mentioned merely as an
allegory to frighten weak minds into propriety.
Great numbers, accordingly, neglected altogether to
assemble for the consideration of their king's laws,
which he had ordered to take place on the first day
of every week; and even of those who did attend,
many paid so little heed to the proceedings, that they
might as well have been away. The king, however,
did not forget or change his purpose. From time to
time the Disease fleet appeared off the coast, and the


frigates Consumption, or Fever, or some other of the
king's ships, would enter the port, and its captain
forthwith issue a summons for some of the colonists
to appear on board. They were, for the most part,
most unwilling to go, though some whose land had
been carefully cultivated, in obedience to the laws,
departed cheerfully with the king's messengers.
But whether willing or unwilling, all must needs
go. The admiral, whose name was Death, sailed in
a large ship called the Grave, and to this all the
captains of the frigates transferred their passengers.
Sometimes the admiral Death hung out the white
flag of Hope, which shone like burnished silver in the
sun; but at other times, as the frigates approached
to deliver up their passengers, it was drawn down
and replaced by the black flag, called Despair.
When all was ready, the admiral set sail with his
great ship to the king's own country. So soon as
the colonists arrived, they all were summoned into
the Judgment Hall of the Royal Palace, where the
great king presided, but generally delegated to the
prince the duties of judge. The attendant natives of
the Kingdom of Light, dressed in their most beau-
tiful robes, waited on them, and the prince produced
a magnificently illuminated copy of the laws of the
colony. By this all were tried. No excuse could
be received; but those who had despised the laws,
and refused to believe in the declarations of their
prince, were banished for ever to the mines; while
those who had venerated his statements, and de-


lighted in obeying the laws, were clothed in magni-
ficent garments, and each presented with a charter,
which conferred on them a perpetual right to all the
privileges of the citizens of the Heavenly Rest. They
were then led to the happy abodes already prepared
for them, and joyfully entered on the full realization
of the rewards promised to them by their king."
Such was the parable by means of which I sought
at once to amuse and to instruct my family. I then
proceeded to question my sons as to the ideas it had
suggested to them; and having thus drawn them into
various remarks on the ingratitude and folly of those
people who despised the laws of so good a king, and
disbelieved alike his promises and his threats, I then
endeavoured to lead them to apply these to a far
more important theme. God," said I, has placed
us in this world in a probationary stage of being.
He has given us his Word for our guidance and
direction, and requires of us implicit obedience to his
laws. Yet with heaven in promise, and a Saviour
offered for our acceptance, thousands trifle away their
hopes of eternity in idle and vain pleasures, and act
even as if they believed the book of God to be a lie.
Yet it is just such a promise that it contains. The
parable tells us of a certain king, who returned to
ask of his servants an account of their stewardship;
and while he welcomed the good and faithful servants
to enter as sharers into his joy, he commanded the
unprofitable servant to be cast into outer darkness,
where there is wailing and gnashing of teeth."

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