Citation
The Rocket, or, the story of the Stephensons, father and son

Material Information

Title:
The Rocket, or, the story of the Stephensons, father and son a book for boys
Portion of title:
Story of the Stephensons, father and son
Creator:
Knight, Helen C ( Helen Cross ), 1814-1906
Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
London
Edinburgh
New York
Publisher:
T. Nelson and Sons
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1873
Language:
English
Physical Description:
120 p., [2] leaves of plates : ill. ; 17 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Locomotives -- History ( lcsh )
Children -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Fathers and sons -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Locomotives -- History -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Inventors -- Biography -- Juvenile literature -- Great Britain ( lcsh )
Railroads -- History -- Great Britain ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Prize books (Provenance) -- 1875 ( rbprov )
Bldn -- 1875
Genre:
Prize books (Provenance) ( rbprov )
novel ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

General Note:
Added engraved title page and frontispiece printed in colors.
Statement of Responsibility:
by H.C. Knight.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
ALH3008 ( NOTIS )
60660399 ( OCLC )
026836556 ( AlephBibNum )

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Full Text






| 7 ST. SIMON’S
“| SUNDAY SCHOOL.

etd Pere








Presented ta

FOR

Le oo ta ic MAA CM ie Ae
a. Ma. bf Ghd i. Conshach

REY. F. BALDEY, 2)
Vicar, $«



The Baldwin Library

‘|RmB.



sede

THE ROCKET.

HS dtet a









HOME

S

GEORGE STEPHENSON













THE ROCKET;

oR,

THE STORY OF THE STEPHENSONS,
FATHER AND SON.



i Book FOR Poyrs.

Br H. C. KNIGHT.



LONDON:
T. NELSON AND SONS, PATERNOSTER ROW;
EDINBURGH; AND NEW YORK.

1875.



PRS



Preface



eh i BRIEF book for the boys. God gives
; you work to do in the world. He
gives you honourable work. There is
much done that is mean and dishonour-



‘able. Depend upon it, that is not his.
In the beginning of your work, char-
acter grows out of it; as you go on, your char-
acter goes into it. Therefore the Bible declares

_that “God, without respect of persons, judgeth
according to every man’s work.” We. judge in
the same way. This little book will show you
how much the practice of the virtues, the humbler
virtues, has to do with making good work.

But keep ever in mind that these virtues, how-
ever useful and important for your work in this
world, have no saving power in them—they
form no plea for the favour of God; the key



vi PREFACE.

which unlocks the door of heaven is not found
among them. Like the young man in the gospel,
you may have the loveliness of every natural
virtue, and yet be lost.

As sinners in the sight of God, you need the
atoning blood of the Redeemer ; you need repen-
tance and faith in that blood. Make Jesus
Christ, therefore, the corner-stone of your char-
acter; on that foundation build your character.
Cultivate the graces of the gospel. Baptize the
virtues with your Saviour’s love. A noble
Christian manhood can only be attained by the
slow and steady endeavours of a heart fixed on
God, and a hand diligent and delighting in the
_work he has given it to do.



I.

Til.

VII.

VoL

Ix.

@ ontents,

LIFE AMONG THE COAL-PITS, ... es es Sy see
MENDING AND MAKING—LITTLE BOB, oe a
WHO BEGAN RAILROADS ?— “ PUFFING BILLY,”
TWO CITIES THAT WANTED TO GET NEAR EACH OTHER—A
NEW FRIEND, ~~... eee 8s ss ees
HUNTING UP HIS OWN WORK—AN ENTERPRISING QUAKER
—WHAT WAS THE RESULT? ee ee

THE TWO CITIES TRYING AGAIN—BUGBEARS,

GRAPPLING WITH DIFFICULTIES—THE BOG—-A PUZZLE-—
THE PRIZE OFFER, SH sens ee

ROBERT’S RETURN—A CURIOUS ENCOUNTER—THE PRIZE
ENGINE,

OPENING OF THE NEW ROAD—DIFFICULTIES VANISH-—A

NEW ERA, ... i a ae es Se: Fes

18

30

38

58

73

87

103









THE ROCKET.



CHAPTER I.

LIFE AMONG THE COAL-PITS,



"HAT useful little fellow is this, carry-
* ing his father’s dinner to him at the
coal-pit? He takes care, also, of his
little brothers and sisters, keeping
a them clear of the coal-waggons, which
run to and fro before the cottage door. Then he
is seen tending a neighbour’s cows. Now, he is
moulding mud engines, sticking in hemlock sticks
for blow-pipes; besides cutting many a good
caper, and uttering all sorts of drolleries for the
benefit of other little boys, who like himself
swarm round, too poor to go to school, if school
there were—but schools there were none.



10 EARLY WORK.

The boys call him “ Geordie Steve.”

A lad is wanted to shut the coal-yard gates
after work is over. Geordie offers his services
and gets the post, earning by it twopence a day.
A neighbour hires him to hoe turnips at four-
pence. He is thank“nl to earn a hit, for his



EARLY WORK.

parents are poor, and every little helps. He sees
work ahead, however, more to his taste. What?
He longs to be big enough to go and work at the
coal-pits with his father. For the home of this
little fellow, as you already perceive, is in a coal



A COAL-PIT. ll

region. It is in the coal district of Newcastle,
in the north-eastern part of England.

“I suppose you never visited a colliery? Coal
is found in beds and veins underground. Deep
holes are made, down which the miners go and
dig it out; it is hoisted out by means of steam-
engines. These holes are called shafts. The
pit-men have two enemies to encounter down in
the coal-pits—water, and a kind of gas which
explodes on touching the flame of a candle. The
water has to be pumped out; and miners. are
now provided with a lamp, called a safety-lamp,
which is covered with a fine wire gauze to keep
the gas away from the flame.

The coal is brought up from the pit in baskets,
loaded on waggons, running them on tram-roads,
and sent to the sheds. Tram-roads were a sort
of wooden railway. A colliery is a busy and
odd-looking spot.

:Geordie’s family lived in one room—father,
mother, four boys, and two girls. Snug quarters, .
one would think ; but the working-men of England
at that time had smaller wages and poorer homes
than theynow have—for Geordie was born in1781,
in the little village of Wylam, seven miles from
Newcastle, and his full name is George Stephenson.



12 STEPHENSON AND THE BIRDS.

- James, an elder brother, is “picker ;” and by-:
and-by George is old enough to be picker too,
going with his father and brother to their daily
tasks, like a man. To clear the coal of stones
and dross, is their business. There are a number
of pits around, and each one has a name,——
“Dolly Pit,” “ Water-run Pit,” and so on.

I do not know how long he was picker, but
we next find him driving a gin-horse, at a pit
‘two miles off, across the fields. Away he goes
in the early morning, gladdened all along by
many bird songs. George and the birds are fast
friends. He knows where their nests are in the
hedgerows, and watches over them with fatherly
affection. At home he has tame birds, whose
pretty, knowing ways. are the wonder of the
neighbourhood. For many years a tame black-
bird was as much one of the family as George
himself, coming and going at pleasure, and roost-
ing at night over his head. Sometimes it spent
the summer in the woods, but was sure to come
back with cold weather, to share his care and
crumbs through the winter.

George, too, had a famous breed of rabbits ;
and as for his dog, it was one of the most accom-
plished and faithful creatures in the district. In



ASSISTANT FIREMAN, 13

fact, the boy had an insight into dumb-brute
nature, as we shall find he had into other things,
that gave him power over it—a power which he
never abused, but used kindly and well.

George next rose to be assistant fireman with
his father, at a shilling a day. He was fourteen,
and so small of his age that he used to hide
when the inspector came round, lest he should be
thought too small for his wages. If small in
body, he was large in heart, intent in all things to
do his best. And this made his work so well
done, that it could not escape the notice of
his employers. When he went to the office on
Saturday night to receive his wages, double pay
was given him—twelve instead of six shillings.
George could scarcely believe in his good luck.
When he found it was really no mistake, he took
the money and rushed out. of the office, exclaim-
ing, “I am now a made man for life!”

George rapidly shot ahead of his father, a kind
old man, who always stayed fireman, while his
boy climbed one round after another up the ladder
of promotion. At seventeen, we find him plug-
man. What duty is that? A plugman has
charge of a pumping-engine, and when the water
in the pit is below the suction holes, goes down



14 LEISURE MOMENTS.

the shaft and plugs the tube in order to make the
pump more easily draw. The post required more
skill and knowledge of machinery than any he had
filled before, and he proved himself equal to it.

Indeed, he loved his engine as he loved his
birds. It is a pet with him. He keeps it in
prime order. He takes it to pieces, and cleans it,
and studies it; prys into the whys and where-
fores, and is never satisfied until he understands
every spring and cog of the machinery, and gets
the mastery of it. You never find him idling
away his time. In leisure moments he is at his
old kink, moulding clay engines, and putting new
thoughts into them.

He wished he knew the history of engines, and
how they were thought out at first. Somebody
told him about Watt, the father of steam-power,
and that there were books which would satisfy
his curiosity. Books! What good would books
do poor George? He cannot read. Notread? No.
He is eighteen, and hardly knows his letters.
Few of the colliers could. They were generally an
ignorant, hard-working, clannish set of men, whose
pay-day was a holiday, when their hard-won earn-
ings were squandered at cock-fights and ale-houses.

If one was found who did read, what a centre



THE EVENING SCHOOL. 15

of light was he! At night the men and boys
gathered around him, when, by the light of his
engine fire, he would give them the news from
an old newspaper, or a scrap of knowledge from
some stray magazine, or a wild story from an odd
volume; and on these occasions no one listened
with more profound attention than George.

Oh! it was so wonderful to read, he thought.
It was to open the gates into great fields of
knowledge. Read he must. The desire grew
upon him stronger and stronger. In the neigh-
bouring hamlet of Welbottle, old Robin Cowens
taught an evening school.

“Tl go,” cried George.

“And I too,’ echoed Tommy Musgrove, a
fellow-workman, quite carried away by George’s
enthusiasm.

Now they went to Robin’s school three even-
ings a week. I do not know how it was with
Tommy, but old Robin never had a better scholar
than George; indeed, he soon out-learned his

_ master. His schooling cost him threepence a

week, and, poor as it was, put into his hand the

two keys of knowledge—reading and writing.
These mastered, he longs to use them. Andrew

Robertson opens an evening school nearer than



16 LEARNING ARITHMETIC.



AT SCHOOL.

Welbottle, and Andrew proposes to teach arith-
metic, a branch George is anxious to grapple with
| next. ‘And he took to figurin’ wonderful,” said



Master Andrew, speaking of his new scholar, who
soon left his classmates far behind. And no wonder.
Every spare moment to George was more precious
than gold-dust, and was used accordingly. When

not on duty, he sits by his engine and works
(380)



WHAT IS A BRAKEMAN ! 17






















out his sums. No beer-shop ever enticed him to
its cups’; no cock-fight ever tempted him to be its
spectator. He hates everything low and vulgar.

_ Andrew was proud of his pupil, and when
George removed to another pit, the old school-
master shifted his quarters and followed him.
His books did not damage his interest in business.
Was the plugman going to stay plugman? No.
Bill Coe, a friend of his advanced to a brakeman,
offered to show George. The other workmen
‘objected. And one in particular stopped the
working of the engine when George took hold of
it; “For,” he cried angrily, “ Stephenson can’t
brake, and is too clumsy ever to learn.”

A brakeman has charge of an engine for rais-
ing coal from a pit. The speed of the ascending
coal, brought up in large hazel-wood baskets, was
regulated by a powerful wooden -brake; acting on
‘the rim of the fly-wheel, which must be stopped
just when the baskets reach the settle-board
where they are to be emptied. Brakemen were
, generally chosen from experienced engine-men of
steady habits; and in spite of the grumbling of
Ider colliers, envious perhaps at his rise, it was
ot long before George learned, and was appointed

brakeman at the Dolly Pit. This was in 1801.
(380) 2





CHAPTER II.

MENDING AND MAKING—LITTLE BOB.



EORGE was now twenty—sober, faithful,
¢, and expert. Finding a little spare
time on his hands, he took to cobbling
* to increase his gains, and from this
source contrived :to save his first
guinea. To this greater diligence he was urged
by his love for Fanny Henderson, a tine sweet-
tempered girl, whom he shortly married, and began
housekeeping in the upper room of a small cot-
tage in Wellington, six miles from Newcastle.
Happy were they in each other, and in their
simple, industrious, and frugal habits; and when
a little son was born to them, George, who loved
birds, rabbits, and dogs so well, welcomed with all
the tenderness of a father’s heart the little Bobby.

Robert he was named, after the old fireman his
grandfather.



CLOCK-MENDING, 19

Accidents, they say, will happen in the best-
regulated families. Fanny’s family was not an
exception. One day the cottage chimney got on
fire, and the neighbours, with friendly zeal, not
only poured water enough down the chimney to
put out a much bigger and more alarming fire,
but enough to deluge the poor little home of the
brakeman with soot and water, making a pitiful
sight to the young husband when he reached it.
His eight-day clock, the choicest bit of furniture
the young couple had, was completely smothered
by ashes. What was to be done? Sending it
to a clockmaker for repairs was quite out of the
question—it would cost too much.

“Tl try my own hand on it,” said George.
After righting everything else, he attacked the
“clock, took it to pieces, carefully cleancd it, put
it together, set it, and it ticked—ticking on as
faithfully and soberly as ever. The astonished
neighbours sent him their clocks, and George be-
came one of the most famous clock doctors there-
abouts.

The young man’s reputation for business soon
won him a situation in Killingworth, the best
and largest colliery in the region. But his
brightened worldly prospects were soon clouded



20 _ BEREAVEMENT.



MENDING THE CLOCK.

by a dark sorrow—the death of his young wife,
after three happy years of married life. Poor
George felt it deeply, which was perhaps one
reason for accepting a situation in Scotland,
hoping in a change of scene to change the
mournful current of his thoughts.

Leaving his little boy in kind hands, he set
off to the north with his pack on his back, afoot

t



HOME ONCE MORE. 21

and alone, for Montrose—a long journey in those
days. Good wages he received, and good friends
he no doubt made, for everybody loved his honest
and generous character ; yet by the end of the
year he yearned to get back to the friends and
scenes of his early days. It was not home in
Scotland ; for it is only home where the heart is.
With his savings in his pocket—twenty-eight
pounds—back he trudged to Killingworth ; and
not before his friendly presence was greatly
needed to comfort his aged parents, plunged in
debt and affliction, By a terrible accident his
father had lost his eyesight. No longer able to
work, and receiving little or no help from his
other children, who were barely able to maintain
themselves, the old couple had a hard battle with
life. But George is back again; all will be
righted. He paid off their debts, and moved
them to comfortable lodgings beside his own. He .
has father, mother, and Bobby to look after, and
is thankful and happy in doing it.

Those were dark days, however, for the work-
ing-men of England. War was draining the
country of men and money. Taxes were high,
wages low, bread scarce, and able-bodied men
were liable at any time to be impressed for the



22 : DARK DAYS.

army or naval service. George himself was
drawn, and go he must, or find a substitute. He
found one; but it cost all he had to hire him.
Poor George was in straits. His spirits were
much damped by the prospect of things around
and before him. All business was in a discourag-
ing condition. Some of his friends were about
emigrating to America, and he at one time nearly
concluded to join them. It was a sore trial to
the young man. He loved his English home ;
and bitter tears did he in secret shed as he visited
old haunts—the fields and lanes and scenes of his
boyhood—feeling and fearing that all too soon
the wide Atlantic might roll between him and
them. But the necessary funds for such an enter-
prise were not forthcoming. George gave it up,
therefore, and went to work for what. wages the
times would allow. Better times would come.
The thing nearest his heart was affording his
little son an education. Keenly alive to his own
early deficiencies and disadvantages, he determined
to make them up in Robert. Every spare mo-
ment was of twofold value to him; and all the
work he could pick up he cheerfully did. Besides
tinkering old clocks and ecbbling old shoes, he
took to cutting out the pitmen’s clothes. Never



DROWNED OUT. 23

_ was there such a fit; for George acted fully up to
the principle that everything which was worth
doing was worth doing well.

Busy as were his hands, his mind was no less
busy, catching up and using every scrap of know-
ledge which came in his way. And it was a
perpetual surprise to his fellow-workmen to see
what a knack he had at bettering things. Every-
thing improved in his hands. There was always
progress on his track.

_ A new pit was opened at one of the collieries.
Streams of water rushed if, which the most vig-
orous strokes of the pump could not. lower. On
the engine went, pumping, pumping, pumping for
a year, and the water continued to flow in, until
they nearly concluded to give up the pit as a
failure. - George’s curiosity and interest were
much excited, and always, on seeing the men, he
asked how matters were coming on.

“ Drowned out—drowned out,’ was the one
and the same answer.

Over he went to the poor pit, as often as he

- could, to see for himself; and over he turned in
his mind again and again the whys and where-
fores of the failure.

“ Weel, George,” said his friend Kit one day,



24 THE DISABLED ENGINE.

“what do you mak’ o’ her? Do you think you
could doctor her ?”

“Man,” answered George, “in a week’s time I
could send you to the bottom.”

The regular engineers were in high dudgeon
with the forth-putting brakeman. What right
had he to know how to cure an evil that had
baffled them? His words, however, were re-
ported at head-quarters; and the contractor was
not long in hastening over to see if he could make
his words good.

“Well, George,” he said, “ they tell me you
think you can put that engine to rights.”

“ Yes, sir,” replied the young man modestly ;
“TI think I can.”

As matters could be no worse, Mr. Dodds was
ready to let him try; and George agreed, on
condition that he should choose his own men to
help him, The old hands were highly indignant ;
but there was no help for it. So they were
ordered off, and George with his gang went on.

The engine was taken to pieces, examined,
righted, and put together again. It was set to
work. Did it go? Many a looker-on shook his
head doubtfully, and prophesied in his inmost
heart, “Vo go.” It pumped and pumped. The



AN ENGINEERING EXPLOIT. : 25

obstinate water found it had an antagonist that
could master it. In less than two days it disap-
peared from the pit, and workmen were sent to
the bottom. Who could gainsay George’s skill ?

Mr. Dodds, of course, was delighted. Over and
above his wages he put a ten-pound note into the
young man’s hand, and engaged him to superin-
tend his works for the future.

A profitable job was this.

The fame of this engineering exploit spread far
and wide. As an engine doctor he took the lead,
and many a wheezy old thing was brought him
to ‘cure. Envious engineers tried to put him
down. But real merit cannot be put down. It
is stern stuff.

George’s cottage showed the bent of his tastes.
It was like an old curiosity shop, full of models
of engines, complete or in parts, hanging and
standing round ; for busy as he had need to be,
eking out his means by engineering, clocks, and
coats, the ‘construction and improvement of ma-
chinery for the collieries was his hobby.

Likeness of taste drew a young farmer often to
the cottage—John Wigham—who spent most of
his evenings in George’s society. John had a
smattering of chemistry and philosophy, and a



26 A PROUD DAY.

superior knowledge of mathematics, which made
him a desirable companion. George put himself
under his tuition, and again took to “ figuring.”
Tasks set him in the evening were worked out
among the rough toils of the day. And so much
honest purpose did not fail to secure progress.
Drawing was another new line of effort. Sheets
of plans and sections gave his rude desk the air of
mind-work somewhere. Thus their winter even-
ings passed away. °

Bobby was growing up in a little thought-worid
by himself; for he could not fail to be interested
in all that interested his father—that father al-
ways making his son the companion of his studies,
and early introducing him into the curious and
cunning power of machinery.

Ah, that was a proud day when little Bob was
old enough, and knew enough, to be sent to the
academy at Newcastle. He was thirteen. His
father’s means had happily been increased. The
old engine-wright of the colliery having died,
George Stephenson was promoted to the post, on
the salary of a hundred pounds a year. This was
in 1812.

The new office relieving him from incessant
hard work, and the necessity of earning a shilling



A RICH STOREHOUSE. 27
by extra labours, he had more time for study and
fur verifying his plans of practical improvement ;
and the consequence was very considerable im-

provement in the machinery of the colliery to ~

which he was attached.

Meanwhile Robert’s education went on apace.
The boy was hungry for knowledge, not only for
himself, but to satisfy the voracious appetite of
his father, and the no less keen one of John
Wigham. :

Robert joined a literary and philosophical so-
ciety at Newcastle, whose fine library opened a
rich storehouse of material. Here the boy spent
most of his time out of school, storing his mind
with principles, facts, and illustrations, to carry
home on Saturday afternoon. Books also. The
“ Edinburgh Encyclopedia ” was at his command.
A volume of that at the cottage unfolded a world
of wonders. But the library had some books too
choice to be trusted away. How was Robert to
get the gist of these home? His father had often
said that a “good drawing and a well-executed
plan would always explain itself;” ahd many a
time he had placed a rough sketch of machinery
before his son, and told him to describe it.
Robert, therefore, when he could do no better,



28 WEEKLY DISCUSSIONS.

put his drilling to the test, and copied diagrams
and drew pictures, thus taking many an import-
ant and perhaps rare specimen of machinery and
science to Killingworth, for his father’s benefit.





THE SUN-DIAL.

We can well imagine Saturday afternoon was
as much a holiday to father as to son. Robert's
coming was hailed with delight. John did not
lag far behind.. Some of the neighbours dropped
in to listen to discussions which made the little
room a spot of lively interest and earnest toil.



THE SUN-DIAL. 29

A wide-awake mind allows nothing stagnant
around it.

Among the borrowed books of the day was
Ferguson’s “ Astronomy,” which put father and
son to calculating and constructing a sun-dial for
the latitude of Killingworth. It was wrought in
stone, and fixed on the cottage door, and there
stands still, with its date, August 11, 1816—a
year or two before. Robert left school—a fair
specimen of the drift of his boyish tastes,









CHAPTER III.

WHO BEGAN RAILROADS !—“ PUFFING BILLY.”

.

SSuAAMILIAR as it has become to us, who
xa /, does not stop to look with interest at the
} puffing, snorting, screaming steam-horse ?



And who does not rejoice in the iron-
Spe rail, which binds together, with its slen-
der threads, the north and the south, and makes
neighbours of the east and the west ?

“Who began railroads?” ask the boys again
and again.

The first idea of the modern railroad had its
birth at a colliery nearly two hundred years ago.
In order to lighten the labour of the horses, the
colliers laid straight pieces of wood into the road
leading from the pit to the river, where the coal
was discharged ; and the waggons were found to
run so much easier that one horse could draw
four or five chaldrons. As wood quickly wore



TRAM-ROADS. 31

out, and moreover was liable to rot, the next
step was nailing plates of iron on the wooden rails,
which gave them for a time the name of “ plate-
way roads.” A Mr. Outram making still further
improvements, they were called “ Outram roads,”
or, for shortness’ sake, “tram-roads;” and tram-
roads came into general use at the English col-
lieries.

«“ There’s mischief in those tram-roads,” said a
large canal owner, foreseeing they would one day
shove canal stock quite out of the market.

Improvements thus far had centred on the
roads. To convey heavy loads easier and faster
was the point aimed at. Nobody had yet thought
of self-going teams. Watt, the father of steam-
engines, said steam-carriages might be built. He,
however, never tried one; but rather left the
idea to sprout in the brain of an old pupil of his,
William Murdock, who did construct a very small
one, running on thin wheels and heated by a
lamp. It was a curious success in its way, and
set other minds thinking.

One of these was a tin-miner of Cornwall,
Captain Trovethick, a friend of Murdock, who
joined a cousin of his in getting a patent for
building a steam-carriage. It was built, and an



32 THE AFFRIGHTED TOLLMAN.

odd piece of machinery it was. It ran on four
wheels over a common road, looked like a stage-
coach, and delighted both the inventor and his
friends. ;

They determined to exhibit it at London.
While on its journey, driving it one day at the
top of its speed, they saw a toll-gate in the dis-
tance. Not being able to check it in time, bump
it went against the gate, which flew open in a
trice, leaving the affrighted tollman, in answer to
their inquiries, “How much to pay?” only able
to gasp out, “ No—noth-ing to pay! Drive off
as fast as you can! Nothing to pay!”

It reached London in safety, and was some
time on exhibition. Multitudes flocked to see it,
and some called it a fiery dragon.

“Ah,” said Sir Humphrey Davy, very much
interested in the invention, “I hope to see the
captain’s dragons on all the roads of England yet.”

But the captain exhibited it only as a curiosity,
the unevenness of the roads rendering it for all
practical purposes a failure; and the captain had
neither pluck nor genius enough to lay or clear a
track for it himself. This was in 1803.

The idea, however, was in England, lodging
itself here and there in busy brains ; until, at last,



“ BLACK BILLY.” 33

a colliery owner in Newcastle, seeing the great
advantage of having a locomotive on his tram-
roads, determined to try what he could do. Accord-
ingly, he had one built after the Cornish captain’s
model. It burst up at starting. Noways baffled,
he tried again. The engine proved a clumsy affair,
moved at a snail’s pace, often got off the rails, and
at lenoth, voted by the workmen a “perfect plague,”
it was taken off. The unsuccessful inventor was
called a fool by his neighbours, and his efforts an
apt illustration that “the fool and his money are
soon parted.” In spite of failure, Mr. Blackett
had faith that the thing could be done. He built
a third, and ran it on the tram-road that passed
by old Bob Stephenson’s cottage door. And
George at his colliery, seven miles off, as you may
suppose, listened to every account of it with pro-
found interest. Over he went, as often as he
could, to see “Black Billy,” as the locomotive
was called-—a rough specimen of machinery at
best, doing very little service beyond what a good
horse could do.

George carried “ Black Billy” back in his mind
to Killingworth, studying its defects, and laying
plans to improve it. I do not know how long he

was coming to it, but he at length gave it as his
(380) a



34 A NEW ENGINE.

opinion that he could make a better “travelling
engine” than that.

Tidings came to Killingworth about this time
that the trial-of a new engine was to take place
on a certain day at Leeds, and George did not lose
the chance of being present. Though the engine
moved no faster than three miles an hour, its con-
structor counted it a success. It proved, however,
unsteady and unreliable, and at last blew up,
which was the end of it.

What did George think then? He more than
ever wanted to try his hand at the business. Lord
Ravensworth, knowing enough of Stephenson to
have faith in him, hearing of this, advanced means
for the enterprise. Good tools and good workmen
were alike wanting ; but after much labour, altera-
tion, and anxiety, in ten months’ time the engine
was completed and put on the railway, July 25,
1814,

Although the best yet made, it was awkward
and slow. It carried eight loaded waggons of
thirty tons weight at a speed not above four miles
an hour. The want of springs occasioned a vast
deal of jolting, which damaged the machinery, and
at the close of a year’s trial, it was found about as
costly as horse-power.



HARD AT WORK. 35

How to increase the power of his engine? that
was the puzzling question which George studied
to answer. He wrestled with it day and night,
and at length determined to try again. In due
time another was built, “ Puffing Billy,’ which
most persons looked upon as a marvel; but, shak-
ing their heads, prophesied it would make a ter-



GEORGE STEPHENSON’S FIRST ENGINE.

rible blow-up some day. ‘‘ Puffing Billy,” however,
went to work, and worked steadily on, a vast
advance on all preceding attempts. It attracted
little or no attention outside the narrow circle of
the collieries. The great men of England did not
know that, in a far-off nook of the realm, there
was slowly generating a power, under the per-



36 “ PUFFING BILLY.”

sistent thought of an humble working man, which
before many years would revolutionize the trade
of the kingdom, and create a new source of
wealth.
« Puffing Billy,” in fact, humble as its preten-





“PUFFING BILLY.”

sions were, has proved to have been the type of
all locomotives since.

Had George Stephenson satisfied himself? No.
His evenings were chiefly spent at home with his
son Robert, now under him in the colliery, study-
ing and discussing together how to evoke the
hidden power yet pent up in “ Puffing Billy.”



ROBERT AT EDINBURGH. 37

The son was even more sanguine than his father,
and many an amendment had “ Billy” to under-
go to satisfy the quick intellect and practical
judgment of the youth.

Mr. Stephenson, delighted with Robert’s scien
tific tastes and skill, and ever alive to the de-
ficiencies of his own education, was anxious to
give him still further advantages. For this pur-
pose he took him from a promising post at the
colliery, and sent him to the University of Edin-
burgh.

Here he enjoyed a six months’ course of study;
and so well prepared was he for it by his well-
formed habits of application and thinking, that he
gained in six months as much as many a student did
in three years. Certain it was his father felt amply
repaid for the draft it made on his purse, when
Robert reappeared at the cottage, in the spring,
with a prize for successful scholarship in mathe-
matics. He was eighteen then.





CHAPTER IV.

‘TWO CITIES THAT WANTED TO GET NEAR EACH OTHER—-
A NEW FRIEND.





7 ANCHESTER, thirty miles south-east of
*%, Liverpool, is the great centre of the
2-<. cotton trade in England. Its cloths
ov are found in every market in the world.
ae Cotton coming to Liverpool is sent to

- the Manchester mills, and the goods
-which the mills turn out are returned to Liver-
pool to be shipped elsewhere. The two cities,
therefore, are intimately connected by constant
‘intercourse and mutual interest.

Two water communications existed between
them ; one by the rivers Mersey and Irwell, the
other by the famous Bridgewater Canal, which
did an immense business at an enormous profit.
But the Manchester mills were fast outgrowing
these slow and cumbersome modes of travel.



THE DEMANDS OF TRADE. 39

Liverpool warehouses were piled with bales of
cotton waiting to go, and the mills at Manchester
had often to stop because it did not come. Goods
also found as much difficulty in getting. back.
Merchants and manufacturers both grumbled.
Business was in straits. What was to be done?
Carting was quite out of the question. Canal
owners were besought to enlarge their water-
power. No, they would do nothing They
were satisfied with things as they were. Their
dividends were sure.

But want demands supply; need creates re-
sources. Something must be done to facilitate
the transit of goods between the two cities.
What? Build a tram-road, or a railroad. No-
' body, however, but a very fast man would risk
his good sense by seriously advising a railroad.
Solid men would certainly shun him. A tram-
road was a better understood thing. The col-
lieries had used small pieces of them for years.
A tram-road then. Business men put their heads
together and began earnestly to talk of a tram-
road.

Edward James, a rich and enterprising man,
entered heartily into the project, and undertook
to make surveys for a suitable route. And not



40 THE SURVEYORS.

long after a party of surveyors were seen in the
fields near Liverpool. Their instruments and
movements excited attention. People eyed them
with anxiety ;. suspicions were roused; the in-
habitants became alarmed. Who were they,
making such mysterious measurements and calcu-
lations on other people’s land? A mob gradually
gathered, whose angry tones and threatening
gestures warned the surveyors of a storm brewing
over their heads. Wisely considering that flight
was better than fight, they took themselves off,
and by-and-by turned up further on.

The landowners, who might be supposed to
have known better, told the farmers to. drive
them off; and the farmers, with their hands, were
only too ready to obey. They stationed them-
selves at the field-gates and bars with pitchforks,
rakes, shovels, sticks, and dared the surveyors to
come on. A poor chain-man, not quite as spry
as his pursuers, made his leap over a fence quick-
ened by a pitchfork from behind. Even women
and children joined the hue and cry, pelting the
strangers with stones and dirt whenever they had
achance. The colliers were not behind the farmers
in their foolish hostility. A stray surveyor was
caught and thrown into a pit.



/

A “NEW THING.” 41

At a sight of the theodolite their fury knew no
bounds. That unoffending instrument they seemed
to regard as the very Sebastopol of the enemy, to
seize and destroy which was to win the day.
The surveyors, therefore, were obliged to hire a
noted boxer to carry it, who could make good his
threats on the enemy. A famous fighter among
the colliers, determined not to be outdone, marched
up to the theodolite to capture it. A fist and fist
fight took place; the collier was sorely beaten,
but the rabble, taking his part against the poor
instrument, pelted it with stones and smashed it
to pieces.

You may well suppose that surveying under
such circumstances was no light matter. What
was the gist of the hostility? It is hard to tell.
The canal owners might have had a hand in
scattering these wild fears; fears of what, how-
ever, it is not so easy to find out. There was
nothing in a simple horse railroad, or tram-road,
as it is called, to provoke an opposition so bitter
from the people. It was a new thing; and new
things, great improvements as they may be on old
ones, often scare up a thousand doubts and fears
among the ignorant and unthinking.

Nor did the project generally take among those



42 THE TIME NOT COME.

who would be most benefited by it. Mr. James
and his friends held public meetings in all the
towns and villages along the way; enterprising
men in Liverpool and Manchester talked it up,
and tried to create a public interest; but there
was a holding back, which, while it checked all
actual progress in the enterprise, did not cause it
to be altogether given up. The time had not
come; that was all.

Mr. James had a secret leaning towards the
use of steam on the new road. He would have
immediately and unhesitatingly advocated a rail-
road run by locomotives. But that was out of
the question. The public were far behind that
point, and to have openly advocated it would
have risked his judgment and good sense in the
opinion of the best men. Therefore Mr, James
wisely held his tongue. But hearing of the
Killingworth locomotives, and a collier who had
astonished the natives by his genius, he deter-
mined to make a journey to Newcastle, and see
the lions for himself.

Stephenson was not at home. “Puffing Billy”
was; and “Billy” puffed in a way that took Mr.
James’s heart at once. He seemed to see at

99?

a glance “ Billy’s” remarkable power, and was



A VISIT TO “‘ PUFFING BILLY.” 43

struck with admiration and delight. “Here is
an engine,” he exclaimed, “that is destined before
long to work a complete revolution in society.”

The image of “ Puffing Billy” followed him
home.

“Why,” he wrote to Stephenson’s partner in
the patent, “it is the greatest wonder of the
age, and the forerunner, I believe, of most im-
portant changes in the modes of travel in the
kingdom.”

A few weeks later he made another visit to
* Killingworth, taking his two sons with him.
“ Puffing Billy ” was at work, as usual.

The boys were frightened at the sight of the
snorting monster; but Stephenson encouraged
them to mount, with their father, and see how
harmless and manageable the monster was.

The second visit was even more gratifying than
the first.

“Mr. Stephenson,” said James, “is the greatest
practical genius of the age. His fame will rank
with that of Watt.”

Mr. James lost all hesitation now about speak-
ing his mind. “Puffing Billy” had driven the
backwardness out of him, and he was willing, at
all hazards, boldly to advocate railroads and the

?



44 A ZEALOUS ADVOCATE.



THE VISIT TO ‘‘ PUFFING BILLY.”

steam-horse. No more tram-roads; steam or no-
thing. This was in 1821.

Mr. James entered heart and soul into the
new idea of the age. On his return to Liverpool,
it was everywhere his theme; and wherever he
had influence, he tried to stir up men’s minds to
the benefits and blessings puffing out in “ Puffing
Billy.”

Stephenson rejoiced in such a friend. It was
just what he and “ Billy” most needed—some-
body to introduce them into the great world.
And Stephenson and his partner offered him a





PUBLIC OPINION. 45

share in the profits of whatever business he could
secure to them.

But what can one man, or a few men, do in
an.enterprise like this, depending upon the ver-
dict of that important power, Public Opinion ?
And Public Opinion had not yet made up its
mind to it.

A thousand difficulties bristled in the way ;
there were both the indifference of friends and
the opposition of enemies at home. In addition
to this, a violent opposition was foreseen in Par-
liament, which it needed all the strength and
_ courage of a united constituency to meet.

Under these discouraging circumstances, there
were not enough men of pluck to push the matter
through.

So everything about the new road went by
the board. It was laid on the shelf, at least for
the present, and Liverpool and Manchester trade
jogged on as before.







CHAPTER V.

HUNTING UP HIS OWN WORK—AN ENTERPRISING QUAKER
—WHAT WAS THE RESULT 1
eee,
s 7,

QPoT appears strange to us that so simple a
A =, thing as the laying of a rail seems to be
ge should have taken years of thought and
“ experiment to do it. Nothing looks

‘ easier to have done than the straight,




smooth track of a railway, such as we now see in
use; and yet it was only arrived at by slow
steps through two hundred years.

In pondering upon the powers of “ Puffing
Billy,” George Stephenson saw that the efficiency
of locomotives must, in a great measure, depend
upon what kind of roads they had to run upon.
Many were sanguine that steam-carriages would
some day come into use on common roads. After
a long series of experiments, George Stephenson

_said, “No; the thing wouldn't pay.” For a



SLOW PROGRESS. 47

rough surface seriously impairs the powers of a
locomotive ; sand scattered upon the rails is suf-
ficient to slacken, and even stop an engine. The
least possible friction is desirable, and this is
found on the smooth rail. °

Could they ever be laid uphill, or on “ ascend-

?

ing gradients,” as the scientific term is? No; as
nearly level as possible, Stephenson’s experiments
showed, was the best economy of power. Then
how to get rid of the jolts and jars and breakages
of the rails as they were then laid. He studied
and experimented upon both chairs and sleepers,
and‘finally embodied all his improvements in the
colliery railway.

“ Puffing Billy” was in every respect a most
remarkable piece of machinery, and its constructor
one of the most sagacious and persistent of men.
But how was the public, ever slow in discovering
true merit or accepting real benefits, to discover
and appreciate them? Neither influence, educa-
tion, or patronage had Stephenson to command
mind and means, or to drive his engine through
prejudice, indifference, and opposition, to profit
and success.

But what he could not do, other men could do,
and did do. Find a hook, and there is an eye to



48 EDWARD PEASE.

fit it somewhere. Yes; there were already men
of property and standing alive with the new idea.
While he worked, they talked. As yet unknown
to each other, but each by himself clearing the
track for a grand junction.

One of these live men was Edward Pease, a
rich Quaker of Darlington, who, his friends said,
“could look a hundred miles ahead.” He needed
a quicker and easier transit for his coal from
the collieries north of Darlington to Stockton,
where they were shipped; and Mr. Pease began
to agitate, in his mind, a railroad. A company
for this purpose was formed, chiefly of his
own friends, whom he fairly talked into it.
Ycarcely twenty shares were taken by the mer-
chants and shipowners of Stockton, whose eyes
were not open to the advantage it would by-and-
by be to them. A survey of the proposed road
was made, when to the indifference of the many
was added the opposition of the few. A duke
was afraid for his foxes. Shareholders in the
turnpikes declared it would ruin their stock.
Timid men said it was a new thing, and it was
best to let new things alone. The world would
never improve much under such counsel. Edward
Pease was hampered on all sides. Nobody con-



A VISIT TO DARLINGTON. 49

vineed him that his first plan was not the right
one by all odds; but what can a man do in any
public enterprise without supporters? So he re-
luctantly was obliged to give up his railroad, and
ask Parliament for liberty to build a tram-road
—horse-power instead of steam-power ; he could
seem to do no better, and even this was gotten
only after long delay and at considerable cost.

Among the thousands who carelessly read in
the newspapers the passage through Parliament
of the Stockton and Darlington Act, there was
one humble man whose eye kindled as he read it.
In his bosom it awakened a profound interest.
He went to bed and got up brooding over it.
He was hungry to have a hand in it; until at
last, yearning with an irrepressible desire to do
his own work in the world, he felt. he must go
forth to seek it.

One night a couple of strangers knocked at
the door of Edward Pease’s house in Darlington,
and introduced themselves as two Killingworth
colliers. One of them handed the master of the
mansion a letter of introduction from a gentleman
of Newcastle, recommending him as a man who
might prove useful in carrying out his contem-
plated road.

(380) 4



50 — THE TWO STRANGERS.

To support the application, a friend accom-
panied him. :
The man was George Stephenson, and his





























7
: «| J),
cS SS
if q j ‘sp | i i —" 7 1
Â¥ wll Ms ! | fi iE

Hid a AU



THE TWO STRANGERS.

friend was Nicholas Wood. It did not take long
for Edward Pease to see that Stephenson was
precisely the man he wanted.

“ A railway and not a tram-road,” said Stephen-
son, when the subject was fairly and fully
opened.

“A horse-railway ?” asked Pease.



THE WORK BEGUN. 51

“A locomotive engine is worth fifty horses,”
exclaimed Stephenson; and once on the track,
he launched out boldly in its behalf.

“Come over to Killingworth and see my
‘Puffing Billy,’” said George; “seeing is believ-
ing.’ And Mr. Pease, as you may suppose, was
quite anxious to see a machine that would out-
ride the fleetest horse. Yet he did not need
“ Puffing Billy” to convince him that its con-
structor knew what he was advocating, and could
make good his pledges. The good Quaker’s
courage rapidly rose. He took a new start, and
the consequence was that all other plans and men
were thrown aside, and Stephenson was engaged
to put the road through much in his own way.

The first thing to be done was to make an
accurate survey of the proposed route. Taking
Robert with him, who had just come from college,
and who entered as heartily into the enterprise
as his father, with two other tried men, they
began work in good earnest. From daylight till
night the surveyors were on duty. One of the
men going to Darlington to sleep one night, four
miles off, “Now, you must not start from Dar-
lington at daybreak,” said Stephenson, “but be
here, ready to begin work, at daybreak.” He

2



2 “ BILLY'S ” PERFORMANCE.

ot

and Robert used to make their home at the farm-
houses along the way, where his good-humour
and friendliness made him a great favourite. The
children loved him dearly. The dogs wagged
their approving tails at his approach. The birds
had a delighted listener to their morning songs,
and every dumb creature had a kind glance from
his friendly eye.

But George was not satisfied until Mr. Pease
came to Killingworth to see “ Puffing Billy,” and
become convinced of its economical habits by an
examination of the colliery accounts. He pro-
mised, therefore, to follow George hither, bring-
ing with him a large stockholder ; and over they
went in the summer of 1822.

Inquiring for Stephenson, they were directed
\to’ the cottage with a stone dial over the door.
George drove his locomotive up, hoisted in the
gentlemen, harnessed on a heavy load, and away
they went. George no doubt showed “ Billy” off
to the best advantage. “Billy” performed ad-
mirably ; and the two wondering stockholders
went home enthusiastic believers in locomotive
power.

A good many things had to be settled by the
Darlington project. One was the width of the



HOPE AND FEAR. 53

gauge—that is, the distance between the rails,
How wide apart should they be? Stephenson
said the space between the cart and waggon
wheels of a common road was a good criterion.
The tram-roads had been laid down by this gauge
—four feet and eight inches—and he thought it
about right for the railway; so this gauge was
adopted.

One thing which hampered Stephenson not a
little was the want of the right sort of workmen
—dquick-minded, skilful mechanics, who could put
his ideas into the right shape. The labour of
originating so much we can never know. He
had nothing to copy from, and nobody’s experi-
ence to go by. Happily he proved equal to his
task. We can readily imagine his anxiety as the
work progressed. Hope and fear must have in
turn raised and depressed him. Not that he had
any doubts in regard to the final issue of the
grand experiment of railroads. They must go.

Dining one day at a small inn with Robert and
John Dixon, after walking over the route, then
nearly completed—“ Lads,” he said, “I think you
will live to see the day when railroads will be the
great highway for the king and all his subjects.
The time is coming when it will be cheaper for



54 “BIG DIFFICULTIES.”

















































A TALK ABOUT RAILWAYS.

a working-man to travel on a railway than to
walk on foot. There are big difficulties in the
way, I know; but it will surely come to pass,



WORKING ALONE. 55

I can hardly hope to live and see that day, much
as I should like to do so; for I know how slow
all human progress is, and how hard it is to make
men believe in the locomotive, even after our ten
years’ success in Killingworth.”

While the father roughed it through, Robert's
health failed. His close application to business
made sad inroads upon a frame naturally more
delicate than his father’s; and an offer to go out
and superintend some mining operations in South
America was thankfully accepted, in the hope that
a sea-voyage and less exciting labours might re-
store him.

Robert shortly sailed; and his father pushed
on alone, with that brave spirit which carried
him through many a darker hour.

On the 27th of September, the Stockton and
Darlington Railway was finished and opened. A
great many came to see the new mode of travel-
ling, which had proved a fruitful subject of talk,
far and near, for many months—some to rejoice ;
some to see the bubble burst; some with wonder,
not knowing what to think; some with deter-
mined hostility. The opposition was strong; old
England against young England; the counter
currents of old and new ideas.



56 THE STOCKTON RAILROAD.

The road ran from Stockton to Darlington, a
distance of twelve miles, and thence to the Etherly
collieries—in all, thirty-two miles.

Four steam-engines were employed, and two
stationary engines to hoist the trains over two
hills on the route. The locomotives were of six-
horse power, and went at the rate of five or six
miles an hour. Slow as this was, it was regarded
with wonder. most a miracle. One day a race came off between
a locomotive and a coach running on the common
highway; and it was regarded as a great triumph
that the former reached Stockton first, leaving the
coach one hundred yards behind.

The road was built for a freight road, to con-
vey lime, coal, and bricks from the mines and
kilns in the interior to the sea-board, for ship-
ment abroad. Carrying passengers was not
thought of. Enterprise, however, in this direc-
tion took a new start. A company was soon
formed to run two coaches on the rails between
Darlington and Stockton by horse-power. Each
coach accommodated six inside passengers, and
from fifteen to twenty outside; was drawn by
one horse, and went at the rate of nine miles an
hour.



SMALL BEGINNINGS. 57

“We seated ourselves,” said a traveller of those
days, “on the top of the ‘Defence’ coach, and
started from Stockton highly interested with the
novelty of the scene and of this new and extra-
ordinary conveyance. Nothing could be more
surprising than the rapidity and smoothness of
the motion.” Yet the coach was without springs,
and jerked and jolted over the joints of the rails
with a noise like the clinking of a mill-hopper.

“Such is the first great attempt to establish the
use of railways,’ writes a delighted editor, “for
the general purposes of travelling ; and such is its
success, that the traffic is already great ; and con-
sidering that there was formerly no coach at all
on either of the roads along which the railroad runs,
quite wonderful. A trade and intercourse have
arisen out of nothing, and nobody knows how.”

Such was their small and imperfect beginning,
we should say, now that railroads, improved and
perfected, have fulfilled Stephenson’s prediction
uttered in the little inn, and have become the
great highways of the civilized world.







CHAPTER VI.

THE TWO CITIES TRYING AGAIN—-BUGBEARS.



BNE , two, three years passed by, and the
; ‘ Cae and Manchester project started

up again. It was not dead, it had only
slept; and the three years had almost

4 worn out the patience of both merchants
and manufacturers. Trade between the two cities
must have speedier and easier transit. Trade is
one of the great progressive elements in the world.
It goes ahead ; it will have the right of way; it
will have the right way—the best, safest, cheapest
way of doing its business. Yet it is not. selfish ;
its object is the comfort and well-being of men.
To do this, it breaks down many a wall which
selfishness has built up, it cuts through prejudices,
it rides over a thousand “can’t be’s” of timid and
learned men ; for learned men are not always prac-
tical. They sometimes say things cannot be done,





LEARNED OBJECTIONS. 59°

when it only needs a little stout trying to over-
come difficulties and do them.

A learned man once said crossing the Atlantic
by steam was impossible.

“For the good of the race, we must have
something truer than wind and tougher than
sails,” said Trade. And it was not many years
before ships steamed into every port.

“Carriages travelling at twelve, sixteen, eight-
een, twenty miles an hour! Such gross exag-
gerations of the power of a locomotive we scout.
’ It can never be!” cries a sober quarterly.

“You may scout it as much as you please,”
rejoins Trade; “but just as soon as people need
cheaper, pleasanter, swifter modes of travel, it
will be done.”’ And now the railroad threads
the land in its arrowy flight.

“The magnetic telegraph! a miserable chimera,”
cries a knowing statesman. “Nobody who does
not read outlandish jargon can understand what
a telegraph means.”

“You will soon find out,” answers Trade. And
now it buys pork by the hundred barrels, and sells
grain by the thousand bushels; while armies march
and fleets sail at its bidding. Treaties are signed at
its word; and the telegraph girdles the world.



60 RAILWAYS VERSUS CANALS.

You see trade is a civilizer; and Christian
civilization makes all the difference in the world
between Arabs and Englishmen.

Liverpogl merchants were now fairly awake.
“What is to be done?” was the question. Some-
thing. Could there be a third water-line between
the two cities? No; there was not water enough
for that.

Would the Bridgewater Canal increase its
power and reduce its charges? No.

A. tram-road or railroad, then. There was no
other alternative.

Mr. James, who was so much interested before,
had failed and left the country. When he left,
he said to his friends, “When you build a road,
build a railroad, and get George Stephenson to do
it.”

The Darlington and Stockton enterprise could
not fail to be known at Liverpool; and a drift
of opinion gradually began to set strongly in
favour of the railway. People talked about it in
good earnest.

“A railway!” cried the canal owners. ‘It is
absurd—it is only got up to frighten us—it will
slump through, as it did before.’”’” They were easy.

“ Let us go to Darlington and Killingworth and



FUNDS SUBSCRIBED. 61

see for ourselves,” said the merchants; and four
gentlemen were sent on a visit of inquiry. They
went first to Darlington, where the works were
in vigorous progress, though not done. It was
in 1824, the year before they were finished.
Here they met Stephenson. He took them to
Killingworth to see “ Puffing Billy.”

Seeing was believing. “Billy’s” astonishing
feats won them completely over; and they went
back to Liverpool warm for a railroad. Their
clear and candid report convinced - merchants,
bankers, and manufacturers, who gave a verdict
in its favour. Public opinion was now coming
over.

Books were opened for funds. There was no
lack of subscribers. Money was ready. To be
sure of the safety of locomotive power, a second
deputation was sent to Killingworth, taking with
them a practical mechanic, better able to judge
about it than themselves. The man had sense
enough to see and to own that while he could
not insure safety over nine or ten miles an hour,
there was nothing to be afraid of slower than that.
Then a third body went. The enterprise required
caution, they thought.

Yes, it did.



62 THE RIGHT MAN.

Having decided upon steam-power, the next
thing was to secure the right sort of man to carry
on the work. Stephenson was that man. His
energy and ability were indispensable. Before
trying to get a charter from Parliament, the route
needed to be surveyed again, and a careful esti-
mate of expenses made.

The Stockton road done, Stephenson was free
to engage in this new enterprise; his success in
that proving his principles true on a larger scale.

The canal owners now took alarm. They saw
there was a dangerous rival, and they came for-
ward in the most civil and conciliatory manner,
professing a wish to oblige, and offering to put
steam-power on their canals. It was too late.
Their day had gone by.

You know the violent opposition made to a
former survey. How would it be again? Did
three years scatter the ignorance out of which it
grew? Ah, no. There was little if any im-
provement. The surveyors were watched and
dogged by night and by day. Boys hooted at
them, and gangs of turbulent men threatened
them with violence. Mr. Stephenson barely
escaped duckings, and his unfortunate instru-
ments capture and destruction. Indeed, he had



THE SURVEYOR’S TROUBLES. 63

to take with him a body-guard to defend them.
Much of the surveying had to be done by stealth,
when people were at dinner, or with a dark lan-
tern at night.

When dukes and lords headed the hostility,























































































































































































































































SURVEYING AT NIGHT.

you cannot wonder that their dependents carried
it on. One gentleman declared he would rather
meet a highwayman or see a burglar on his pre-
mises than an engineer; and of the two classes
he thought the former the more respectable!
Widows complained of damaged corn-fields, and
gardeners of their violated strawberry-beds; and
though Stephenson well knew that in many cases
not a whit of damage had been done, he paid



64 OPPOSITION.

them for fancied injuries in the hope of stopping
their tongues.

A survey made under such circumstances must
needs have been imperfect; but it was as good
as could be made. And no time was lost in
taking measures to get a bill before Parliament.

A storm of opposition against railways sud-
denly arose, and spread over every corner of the
kingdom. Newspapers and pamphlets swarmed
with articles crying them down. Canal and turn-
pike owners spared no pains to crush them. The
most extraordinary stories were set afloat con-
cerning their dangers. Boilers would burst, and
passengers be blown to atoms; houses along the
way would be burned; the air would become
black with smoke and poisoned by cinders; and
property on the road be stripped of its value.

The Liverpool and Manchester Bill, however,
got into Parliament, and went before a Committee
of the House of Commons to decide upon it, in
March 1825,

First, its friends had to show the necessity of
some new mode of travel between the two cities ;
and that it was not difficult to do.

- But when it came to asking for liberty to build
a railway and run a locomotive, the matter was



THE CHIEF WITNESS. 65

more difficult to manage. And to face the tre-
mendous opposition rallied against it, the pluck
of its friends was severely tried.

The battle had to be fought inch by inch.

Stephenson, of course, was the. chief witness
for locomotives. But what headway could he, an
uneducated Northumbrian mechanic, make against
members of Parliament, backed by all the chief
engineers of the kingdom. For very few had
faith in him; but those few had strong faith.
He was examined and cross-examined. They
tried to bully him, to puzzle him, to frighten him.
On the subject of locomotives his answers were
clear. He declared he could drive an engine, and
drive it safely, at the rate of twelve miles an
hour !

“Who can believe what is so notoriously in
the teeth of all experience?” cried the opposi-
tion; ‘the witness is a madman!”

~ Famous engineers were called on the stand.
What had they to say? One declared the
scheme a most wild one. He had no confidence
in locomotives. They were affected by the wind,
the weather; with difficulty were kept on the
track, and were liable to constant accidents; in-

deed, a gale of wind would render it impossible
(380) 5



66 LEARNED ARGUMENTS.

to start a locomotive, either by poking the fire or
keeping up the steam till the boiler should
burst : they could never be relied on.

The proposed route had to cross an ugly quag-
mire, several miles in extent, called Chat Moss, a
very shaky piece of land, no doubt; and here the
opposition took a strong stand. “No engineer in
his senses,” cried one, “would think of going
through Chat Moss. No carriage could stand on
the Moss short of the bottom.”

“Tt is absurd to hold out the notion that loco-
motives can travel twice as fast as stage-coaches,”
says another; “one might as soon trust himself
to a rocket, as to the mercy of a machine going at
that rate.”

“Carriages cannot go at anything like that —
speed,” added another; “if driven to it, the
wheels would only spin on their axles like a top,
and the carriages would stand stock-still !”

So much for learned arguments against it.

Then came the dangers of it. The dumb
animals would never recover from the sight of a
locomotive; cows would not give their milk;
cattle could not graze, or horses be driven along
the track, cried the opposition.

“As to that,’ said Stephenson, “come to



‘AN AWKWARD CIRCUMSTANCE. 67

Killingworth and see. More quiet and sensible
beasts cannot be found in the kingdom. The
farmers there never complain.”

“Well,” asked one of them, “suppose, now, one
of those engines to be going along a railroad at
the rate of nine or ten miles an hour, and that a
cow were to stray upon the line and get in the
way of the engine; would not that, think you,
be a very awkward circumstance?”

“Yes,” answered Stephenson, with a droll
twinkle in his eye; “very awkward indeed—/or
the coo !”

The fellow, as you may suppose, backed off

The danger in other respects was thus dwelt
on: “In addition to the smoke and the noise,
the hiss and the whirl, which locomotive engines
make, going at the rate of ten or twelve miles an

hour, and filling the cattle with dismay, what,”
asked an honourable member, “‘is to be done with
all those who have advanced money in making
and mending turnpikes? What with those who
may still wish to travel in their own or hired
carriages, after the fashion of their forefathers ?
What is to become of coach-makers and harness-
makers, coach-masters and workmen, inn-keepers,
~ horse-breeders, and horse-dealers? Iron would



68 ABUSE OF STEPHENSON.

be raised one hundred per cent., or more probably
exhausted altogether! The price of coal would
be ruinous. Why, a railroad would be the
greatest nuisance, the biggest disturbance of quiet
and comfort, in all parts of the kingdom, that the
ingenuity of man could invent.”

Not content with belittling his engine, they
could not stop short of abusing Stephenson him-
self. “He is more fit for Bedlam than anywhere
else,” they cried; “he never had a plan—he is
not capable of making one. Whenever a: diffi-
culty is pressed, as in the case of a tunnel, he
-gets out of it at one end; and when you try to
catch him at that, he gets out at the other.”

“We protest,” they said, “against a measure
supported by such evidence and founded upon
such calculations. We protest against the Ex-
change of Liverpool striding across the land of
this country. It is despotism itself.”

What had the friends of locomotive power to
say ?

“We beseech you,” they pleaded to the com-
mittee, “not to crush it in its infancy. Let not
this country have the disgrace of putting a stop
to that which, if cherished, may in the end prove
of the greatest advantage to our trade and com-



THE BILL LOST. 69

merce. We appeal to you in the name of the
two largest towns in England ; we appeal to you
in the name of the country at large; and we im-
plore you not to blast the hopes that this power-
ful agent, steam, may be called in aid for the
purpose of land communication; only let it have
a fair trial, and these little objections and private
prejudices will be done away.”

Flaws were picked in the surveys, and the
estimate of costs based on them. The surveys,
quite likely, were imperfect ; indeed, how could
they be otherwise, when every mile of the line
had to be done at the risk of their necks ?

The battle lasted two months, and a very ex-
citing one it was. It was skilfully and power-
fully carried on. Who beat ?

The opposition. The bill was lost.

Matters looked dark enough. Judging from
appearances, the enterprise was laid on the shelf,
and the day of railways long put off As for
poor Stephenson, his short day of favour seemed
about gone. His being called a madman, and
regarded as a fool, as he had been by the oppo-
sition, was not without its effect upon his newly-
made friends. Their faith in him sensibly cooled.
But he did not lose faith in himself, not he. He



70 “NEVER GIVE UP.”

had waited long for the triumph of his engine, and
he could wait ‘longer. A great blessing to the
nation was locked up in it, he well knew, and
the nation would have it some time, in spite of
everything.

Was the enterprise a second time to be aban-
doned? No, no. Taking breath, its friends again
started on their feet. “Never give up” was
their motto, for they were in earnest. They
rallied, and met in London to consult what to do
next. ;

Mr. Huskisson, a member of Parliament for
Liverpool, came into the meeting and urged them
to try again—to try at the next session of Parlia-
ment.

“ Parliament must, in the end, grant you an
act,” he said, “if you are determined to have it.”
And try they determined to, for a horse railroad
at least.

For this purpose another and more careful
survey had to be made.

Stephenson was left out. A known man must
be had. They meant to get surveyors and engi-
neers with well-established reputations to back
them up. Stephenson was too little known. He
had no fame beyond a little circle in one corner



A NEW BILL. 71

of the kingdom. How did he feel to be thus
thrown in the background? George was not a
man to grumble; he was too noble to complain.
In fact, you see, he was-ahead of the times; too
far ahead to be understood and appreciated.
He could afford to wait.

Two brothers by the name of Rennie were
appointed in his stead. In time the new survey
was finished ; the plans drawn, and the expenses
reckoned up. Changes were made in the route.
Ill-tempered landowners were left on one side,
and every ground of complaint avoided that could
be.

The new bill was then carried to Parliament,
and went before the Committee in March the next
year. The opposition was strong indeed, but less
furious. Much of its bitterness was gone. It
made a great show of fears, which the advocates
of the bill felt it was not worth while to waste
words in answering. They left it to the road to
answer them. - Build it, and see.

Mr. Huskisson and others supported it in a
strong and manly tone; and after a third reading,
the bill passed in the House of Commons. So
far, so good. It then had to go to the House of
Lords. What would befall it there? The same



72 VICTORY.

array of evidence on both sides was put forward.
The poor locomotive engine, which had proved
such a bugbear in the House of Commons, was re-
garded as quite,a harmless affair by most of the
lords ; and the opposition made such poor work in
showing off its dangers, that no plea in its behalf
was called for. They were satisfied, they said, and
the bill passed almost unanimously. Victory!
Victory !

The victory cost more than twenty thousand
pounds! For a first cost it looked large. But
nothing worth doing can be done without effort,
and effort made on faith. Nothing done, nothing
have.









Seonifansy

Uaeost

i ee



CHAPTER VII.

GRAPPLING WITH DIFFICULTIES—-THE BOG—-A PUZZLE—
THE PRIZE OFFER.



HE real work was now to be done. Hopes
and fears had yet to be verified.

At the first, meeting of the directors,
a man to put the enterprise through was
; to be chosen. Who? The Rennies
were anxious to get the appointment. They
naturally expected it. They had made the survey,
and their name had had weight in getting the Act
of Parliament. But they could not superintend
the details of the work. They had other enter-
prises on foot.

Stephenson, no doubt, was the man. The
directors felt him to be so. No one could long
be with him without feeling his power. Besides,
what he had done had been ably done. At the risk
of offending the Rennies and their friends, they



74 CHAT MOSS.

chose him, and the result proved the wisdom of
their choice.

On receiving the appointment, he immediately
moved to Liverpool, and the work began in good
earnest. It was a stupendous undertaking for
those days. Chat Moss had to be filled in, sixty-
three bridges built, excavations made, tunnels
erected, and all the practical details carried out,
with very little past experience to profit by.
Neither was the kind of labour well understood,
nor was there that division of labour between
contractors and engineers which relieves one man
of too heavy a responsibility. In fact, both tools
and men had to be made; and Stephenson had to
do it,

The great quagmire was first grappled with.
“No man in his senses would undertake to make
a road over Chat Moss,” opposers said in Parlia-
ment; “that was to undertake the impossible.”
Stephenson, however, meant to try. Formidable -
it certainly was. Cattle ploughing on farms
bordering the bog, where it ran underneath the
tilled land, had to wear flat-soled boots in order
to keep their hoofs from sinking down into the

>

soft soil.
The proposed route ran four miles across it,



THE GREEDY BOG. 75

and the way had to be drained and filled in with
sand and gravel. The drainage tasked their
ingenuity to the utmost, and almost baffled the
workmen, After that was in some degree accom-
plished, waggon after waggon full of earth was
thrown on for weeks and weeks, and it only





































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































CHAT MOSS.

sank into the mire and disappeared : not an inch
of solid footing seemed gained ; and on they went,
filling and filling, without apparently having made
the least impression on the Moss,—the greedy
bog only cried out for more.
Stephenson’s men began to have their doubts.



76 “GO AHEAD.”

The opposition might have judged more correctly
after all. They asked him what he thought.
“Go ahead!” was his answer. By-and-by the
directors began to have their fears. It looked to
them like a very unpromising job. So it was.
After waiting and waiting in vain for signs of
progress, they called a meeting on the edge of the
Moss, to see if it were not best to give up. The
bog, they were afraid, might swallow up all their
funds, as it had everything else. Stephenson lost
not a whit of his courage. “Go ahead!” was his
counsel. He never for a moment doubted of
final success. And considering the great outlay
already made, they wisely gave in to him.
Monstrous stories were afloat of the terrible
accidents taking place there. Every now and
then the stage drivers brought into Manchester
the astonishing news of men, horses, carts, and
Stephenson himself, submerged and sunk for ever
in the insatiable quagmire. Time corrected one
only to publish another. Newsmongers were
kept in a state of delightful excitement, and tea-
table gossip was spiced to suit the most credulous
and marvel-loving taste, until the Moss was con-
quered, as conquered it was acknowledged to be,
when, six months after the directors had met to



DANGERS OF TUNNELLING. 77

vote to leave it to its original unproductiveness,
they were driven over it on a smooth and secure
rail to Manchester.

Another tough job was tunnelling Liverpool—
excavating a mile and a third of road through
solid rock. Night and day the boring, blasting,
and hewing were kept in vigorous execution.
Sometimes the miners were deluged with water,
sometimes they were in danger of being over-
whelmed by heavy falls of wet sand from over-
head. Once, when Stephenson was gone from
town, a mass of loose earth came tumbling on
the heads of the workmen, frightening them, if
nothing more. On his return they were in a
most refractory state, complaining of the dangers,
and stoutly refusing to go back to work. Wast-
ing no time on words, Stephenson shouldered a
pick-axe, and called for recruits to follow. Into
the tunnel he marched, and the whole gang after
him. Nothing more was heard of fears, and the
work went bravely on.

Besides laying out all the work, Stephenson
had to make his tools. All their waggons, trucks,
carriages, switches, crosses, signals, were planned
and manufactured under his superintendence, be-
sides meeting and providing for a thousand exi-



78 IMPORTANCE OF DETAIL.

gencies constantly occurring in a new enterprise
like this, giving full scope to all the sagacity, in-
vention, and good-humour which naturally be-
longed to him:

The expenses of the road were heavy, and
money was not always forthcoming. If the
works lagged in consequence of it, the hopes of
the directors fell; so that Stephenson’s energies
were taxed to the utmost during the four years
of the work; and he showed, what observation
and history both teach us, that efficient men are
men of detail as well as men of great plans.

Remember this, boys— for we sometimes
despise little particulars and the day of small
things——that the secret of effective doing lies not
only in making wise plans, but in filling up the
minutest parts with promptness and fidelity.
There must be detail to achieve any great and
good work. If you would possess the fruits of
learning, you must get them by the toil of daily
drudgery. If you undertake to become rich, you
must not despise the small gains and little
economies by which a fortune is made. If you
would obtain a noble Christian manhood, you
must not neglect hourly self-restraint, watchful-
ness, and prayer, or the daily exercise of those



LATE AND EARLY. 79

humbler virtues and godly industries which make
the woof of character.

Stephenson strikingly illustrated the practical
force of this principle. The minutest detail of
every plan in this new enterprise was thought
out and carried on by himself, or under his
direct supervision. Both in summer and winter
he rose. early. Before breakfast you might find
him on a morning round, visiting the extensive
workshops where their machines and tools were
made; or perhaps Bobby is brought to the door,
and mounted on this his favourite horse, he is off
fifteen miles to inspect the progress of a viaduct
—a ride long enough to whet the appetite for a
tempting breakfast, one would think. But no-
thing tempts him from his frugal habits: he eats
“crowdie”—and that made by himself—which is
nothing more or less than oat-meal hasty-pudding
and milk. Again he is off, inspecting the labours
of his men all along the line from point to point,
pushing the works here, advising there, and in-.
spiring everywhere. Bobby is a living witness
that one beast, at least, is not to be scared by a
locomotive. He can face the snorting monster
without so much as a shy step, or a prick of the
ears. He afraid! not Bobby.



8&0 LEARN FOR YOURSELVES.

Returning home, pay-rolls are to be examined,
perhaps, when every item of expense must be
accounted for; or drawings are to be made, or
directions given, or letters written.

Several young men were received into his
family to be trained for engineers, ‘A second
wife—frugal, gentle, and friendly—superintended
his household. Their evenings were passed in
study and conversation, brightened by the genial
humour of the remarkable man whose genius
drew them together, and whose good-tempered
pleasantries relieved the heavier tasks of mind
and body. The compendium of all his instruction
was,—Learn for yourselves, think for yourselves,
master principles, persevere, be industrious, and
there is no fear for you. It is an indication of
the value of these instructions, that every young
man trained under him rose to eminent useful-
ness. “Ah,” he sometimes said, on relating a
bit of his own early history, “you don’t know
what work is in these days.” And yet work is -
work all the world over.

In spite of the best Stephenson could do, the
directors, looking at their unproductive capital,
and not fully comprehending all the difficulties to
be overcome, sometimes urged greater despatch.



READY FOR THE ENGINE. 81

?

“Now, George,” said friend Cropper one day,
“thou must get on with the railway ; thou must
really have it opened by the first of January
next.”

“ Consider the heavy nature of the works, sir,”
rejoined George, “and how much we have been
delayed by want of money, to say nothing of the
bad weather. The thing is impossible.”

“Impossible!” cried Cropper. “I wish I>
could get Napoleon to thee ; he would tell thee
there is no such word as ‘ impossible.’ ”

“Tush!” exclaimed George, “don’t tell me
about Napoleon. Give me men, money, and
material, and I'll do what Napoleon couldn’t do
—drive a railroad over Chat Moss.”

He might have retorted more significantly by
asking the directors what they meant to do; for
Liverpool was tunnelled and Chat Moss railed
before they could agree what kind of power to
put on it. There were some who insisted upon
using horse-power ; but the majority thought that
was out of the question. Meeting after meeting
was held, debate followed debate, and the whole
body became more and more puzzled as the road
itself neared completion.

Some kind of machine; but what ?—ah, that

(380) 6



82 AN ENGINE ORDERED.

was the question. You would naturally have |
thought, a locomotive, of course. But no; since
Parliament opposition raged against it, steam had
lost ground in, the public estimation, and it was
very slow in getting back to favour. Locomo-
tives, or travelling engines, as they were called,
were hid in a cloud of doubts,—and more than
ever since the Parliament debates. They were
dangerous, they were frightful, “they could
never go fast enough,”— their utmost speed would
not be ten miles an hour. Some of the most
distinguished engineers would give no opinion of -
them at all) They had none. It was certainly
hard to patronise them in spite of their indiffer-
ence, and possibly their sneers. Certainly, if the
poor locomotive depended on their verdict, its
fate was sealed. aoe
One stanch friend remained. Stephenson
stood faithfully by “ Puffing Billy,” puffing away
in his far-off Northumberland home. He never
flinched advocating its principles, and urged the
directors to try one on the road. They at last
ordered one to be built,—one that would be of
service to the company, and no great nuisance to
the public. It was built, and excellent service it
did, drawing marl from the cuttings and excava-



VARIOUS PROJECTS. 83

tions to fill up the bogs and hollows. Neverthe-

less it settled nothing, and convinced nobody not

Oo
already convinced.

Meanwhile the directors were deluged with



GOOD SERVICE.

projects, plans, and advice for running their road.
Scheme upon scheme was let loose upon them.
Some engines to go by water-power, some by gas,
some by cog-wheels. All the engineering science
in the kingdom was ready to engineer for them
in its own way; but who among all could pro-
nounce the best way, and upon the whole decide
which was the right motive power ?



84 STILL UNDECIDED.

A deputation was despatched to Darlington
and Stockton to inspect the fixed and locomotive
engines employed on that road; but the deputa-
tion came back differing so among themselves,
that the directors were more puzzled than ever.
Two professional engineers of high reputation
were then sent, who, on their return, reported
in favour of fixed engines-—for safety, speed,
economy, and convenience, fixed engines by all
odds ; reiterating again and again all the fright-
ful stories of danger and annoyance charged upon
steam. They proposed dividing the road into
nineteen stages, of a mile and a half in length,
and having twenty-one stationary engines at dif-
ferent points to push and draw the trains along.
The plan was carefully matured.

Poor Stephenson! how did he feel? “ Well,”
he said, with the calm earnestness of a man of
faith, “one thing I know, that before many years,
railroads will become the great highways of the
world.”

Could the directors accept a project without
consulting him. Again they met. What had he
to say concerning it? Fight it he did. He
dwelt upon its complicated nature, the liability of
the ropes and tackling to get out of order, the



“pry IT.” 85

failure of one engine retarding and damaging and
stopping the whole line—a phase of the matter
which did not fail to make an impression. The
directors were moved. The rich Quaker, Cropper,
however, headed the stationary engine party, and
insisted upon adopting it. ‘“ But,’ answered the
others, “ought we to make such an outlay of
money without first giving the locomotive a fair
trial?” And Stephenson pleaded powerfully, as
you may suppose, in its behalf’ “Try it, try
it,” he urged; “for speed and safety there is
nothing like it.” And the words of a man with
strong faith are strong words. “ Besides,’ he
said, “the locomotive is capable of great improve-
ments. It is young yet; its capacities have
never been thoroughly tested. When proper in-
ducements are held out, a superior article will be
oftered to the public.”

Never were directors in a greater strait.
There was no withstanding Stephenson, for he
knew what he was talking about. All the rest
were schemers. At last one of the directors said,
« Wait; let us offer a prize for a new locomotive,
built to answer certain conditions, and see what
sort of engine we can get.”

That was fair. It was right his engine should



86 A PRIZE OFFERED.

be properly tested. All agreed; and in a few
days proposalsiwere issued for the building of
one. There were eight conditions, two of which
were that if the engine were of six tons weight,
it should be able to draw twenty tons, at a speed
as -high as ten miles an hour. The prize was
five hundred pounds. ;

The offer excited a great deal of attention, and
many people made themselves merry at its ex-
pense. The conditions were absurd, they said ;
nobody but a set of fools would have made them.
It had already been proved impossible to make a
locomotive-engine go at ten miles an hour; and
one gentleman in his heat even went so far as to
say that if it ever were done, he would undertake
to eat a stewed engine-wheel for his breakfast.
As that condition was answered, it is to be hoped
he was generously relieved from his rash and in-
digestible dish.

More candid minds turned with interest to the
development of this new force struggling into
notice. Stephenson felt how much depended on
the issue ; and the public generally concluded to
suspend its verdict upon the proper working of
railways, until time and talent gave them better
means of judging.





CHAPTER VIII.

ROBERT'S RETURN——-A CURIOUS ENCOUNTER—THE PRIZE
ENGINE.

IN Stephenson thought. His beloved loco-

ARNE step forward; yes, a great one too,
Jy
“SA motive was to have a chance of being



properly introduced to the great English
public, and he felt that it needed only to
be known to be valued. The building of it was a
matter of no small moment, and he wanted, above
all things, a tried and skilful hand to superintend
and put into its construction every conceivable
improvement. It must be the best engine yet
built.

Where should he find the right man? No one
would answer like his son Robert, and Robert he
determined to send for. Robert, you remember,
went to South America three years before. There
he had regained his health, and on receiving his

a



88 AN OLD ACQUAINTANCE.

father’s letter, made immediate preparations to
return to England.

On his way, at a poor little comfortless inn, in
a poor little comfortless sea-port on the Gulf of
Darien, where he was waiting to take ship, he. met





A CURIOUS ENCOUNTER,

two strangers, one evidently an Englishman, who
by his shabby appearance looked as if tie world
had gone hard with him. A fellow feeling drew
the young man towards his poor countryman, and
on inquiry who should it prove to be but the old



WANTED, A STEAM-ENGINE. 89

- Cornwall tin-miner, Captain Trovethick, whose
first steam-carriage awakened so much curiosity
in London nearly a quarter of a century before.
He had sown his idea to the winds. Others
_ had caught it up, cherished it, pondered over it,
examined it, dissected it, improved it, embodied
it, and by patient study and persistent endeavour
had reduced it to a practical force. And Robert
Stephenson was now on his way to inaugurate it
as one of the great commercial values of the king-
dom and of the world. The poor inventor, what
had he done meanwhile? While others worked
had he slept? Oh no. He had tried an easier
and shorter cut to fame and fortune. You re-
member he left his “dragon,” as some people
ealled his locomotive, in London, quite careless
what became of it, and went scheming and specu-
lating in other things. Several years after, in a
shop window, it attracted the attention of a French
gentleman passing by. He was from Peru, and
had just come to England to get a steam-engine
for pumping water from some gold-diggings in the
New World. Delighted with the model, he bought
it for twenty guineas. Taking it with him to
Lima, an engine was built. on the plan of it, which
worked admirably. The gentleman was then



90 STORY OF AN INVENTOR.

sent back to England to hunt up and bring out
the inventor himself. The captain was found,
and came forth from his obscurity into sudden
notice and demand. The gentleman engaged him
to make five pumping-engines according to his
model, which he did, and shipped them to Lima,
the captain himself soon following.

At Lima he was received with great honours
and a public rejoicing. A guard of honour was
appointed to wait on him; and in view of the
wealth he was supposed to be able to engineer
from their mines, a massive silver statue of him,
as the benefactor of Peru, began to be talked of.

Of course poor Trovethick thought his fortune
made, and no doubt looked back with pity on his
humble English life. Friends at home spread the
news of his successes, and when they stated that
the smallest estimate of his yearly income
amounted to one hundred thousand pounds, no
wonder he was pronounced a success! Tardier
steps to fortune seemed tedious, and many of his
old associates perhaps sighed over the wholesome
toil of a slower-paced prosperity.

Years passed on, and the poor captain next
turns up at Cartagena, penniless and pitiable. In
crossing the country he had lost everything.



FATHER AND SON. 91

Fording rivers, penetrating forests, and fighting
wild beasts, had left him little else than a desire
to reach England again; and Robert Stephenson
gave him fifty pounds to get home with. Sudden
fortunes are apt as suddenly to vanish, while .
those accumulated by the careful husbandry of
economy, industry, and foresight, reward without
waste ; so character is stronger than reputation—
for one is built on what we are, the other on what
we seem to be; and like a shadow, reputation
may be longer or shorter, or only a distorted out-
line of character. One holds out because it is
real, the other often disappears because it is but a
shadow.

Robert reached home in December 1827, right
heartily welcomed, we may well believe, by his
father, who was thankful to halve the burden of
responsibility with such a son. To build the
prize locomotive was his work.

Stephenson had long been a partner in a loco-
motive factory at Newcastle, which had hitherto
proved a losing concern to the owners. There
was little or no market for their article, and they
struggled on, year after year, waiting for better
times. Nobody saw better times but Stephenson.
He saw them ahead, shooting through the gloomy



92 THE NEW ENGINE.

clouds of indifference and prejudice. And now,
he calculated, it was very near. So he sent
Robert to Newcastle to take charge of the works
there, and construct an engine that would make
good all his words.

It was a critical moment, but he had no fears
of the result. Robert often came to Liverpool to
consult with his father, and long and interesting
discussions took place between father and son con-
cerning the best modes of increasing and perfect-
ing the powers of the mechanism. One thing
wanted was greater speed; and this could only
be gained by increasing the quantity and the
quality of the steam. For this effect a greater
heating surface was necessary, and mechanics had
long been experimenting to find the best and most
economical boiler for high-pressure engines.

Young James, son of Mr. James, who, when the
new Liverpool and Manchester route was talked
of, was the first to discover and acknowledge
George Stephenson’s genius, made the model of
an improved boiler, which he showed to the
Stephensons. Perhaps he was one of the boys
who went to Killingworth with his father to see
the wonders of “ Puffing Billy,” and whose terrors
at the snorting monster were only soothed by a



AN IMPROVED BOILER. 93

pleasant and harmless ride on his back. Whether
this gave him a taste for steam-engines, we do not
know. At any rate he introduces himself to our
notice now, with a patented model of an improved









































SEE ARNT



TQ SO

SECTION OF THE FIRST BOILER IN USE.

boiler in his hand, which Stephenson thinks it
may be worth his while to make trial of. “Try
it,’ exclaimed the young inventor, “try it, and
there will be no limit to your speed. Think of
thirty miles an hour!”



94 AN IMPROVED BOILER.

“ Don’t speak of thirty miles an hour,” rejoined
Stephenson’; “I should not dare talk about such
a thing aloud.” For I suppose he could hardly
forget how Parliament committees branded him as
a fool and a madman for broaching such beliefs.

The improved boiler was what is called a multi-











































































































































SECTION OF A TUBULAR BOILER.

tubular boiler. You do not understand that, I
suppose. An iron boiler is cast, six feet long,
and three feet and a third in diameter. It is to
be filled Lalf full of water. Through this lower
half there run twenty-five copper tubes, each about
three inches in diameter, opened at one end to the
fire, through which the heat passes to the chimney
at the other end. You see this would present a
great deal of heating surface to the water, causing



“TRY AGAIN.” 95

- it to boil and steam off with great rapidity. The
invention was not a sudden growth, as no inven-
tions are. Fire-tubes serving this use started in
several fertile minds about the same time, and
several persons claimed the honour of the invention;
but it was Stephenson’s practical mind which put
it into good working order, and made it available.
For he told Robert to try it in his new locomotive.

He did. The tubes were of copper, manufac-
tured by a Newcastle coppersmith, and carefully
inserted into the ends of the boiler by screws.
Water was put into the boiler, and in order to be
sure there was no leaking, a pressure was put on
the water; when lo, the water squirted out at
every screw, and the factory floor was deluged.
Poor Robert was in despair. He sat down and
wrote his father that the whole thing was a failure.

A failure indeed! Back came a letter by the
next post telling him to “ go ahead and try again!”
The letter, moreover, suggested a remedy for the
disaster—fastening the tubes into the boiler by
fitting them snugly into holes bored for the pur-
pose, and soldering up the edges. And it proved
to be precisely what Robert himself had thought
of, after the first bitter wave of disappointment
had subsided. So he took heart and went to



96 SUCCESSFUL AT LAST.









THE FAILURE,

work again. Success crowned his efforts. heavy pressure was put on the water, and not a
drop oozed out. The boiler was completely water-
tight.

This is precisely the kind of boiler now in use:
some have fifty tubes; the largest engines one
hundred and fifty.

Various other improvements were incorporated
into the new engine, which, as you do not pro-
bably understand much about machinery, will
not particularly interest you.

At last the new engine was finished. It



THE “‘ ROCKET” FINISHED. 97

weighed only four tons and a quarter, little less
than two tons under the weight required by the











TUBES OF A MODERN ENGINE.

offer of the directors. The tender, shaped like a
waggon, carried the fuel in one end and the water
in the other.

It was forthwith put on the Killingworth
track, fired up, and started off. Robert must
have watched its operations with intense anxiety.
Nothing could have met his expectations like the

(380) 7



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d823908b5a6b889453f73a1867787663780487d6
'2012-06-11T19:46:30-04:00'
describe
'257294' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXF' 'sip-files00014.jp2'
74af0427b6546fe67275bc3b61d8b96a
1b092be6fae71312eb1a38a77ae48fdb81bc800e
'2012-06-11T19:46:28-04:00'
describe
'245379' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXG' 'sip-files00074.jp2'
35c8bcd97699a74f788fe607982783bb
d306b0fe84f2e23a12700ddc7b95bb08d36a0f09
'2012-06-11T19:51:28-04:00'
describe
'22949' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXH' 'sip-files00008thm.jpg'
e72283060631bb4587f9c434ba6a1294
b17f287859dd50b7ac50eb1ea5d70ab8e0fdb11b
'2012-06-11T19:54:14-04:00'
describe
'27194' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXI' 'sip-files00018thm.jpg'
33dbe7654ad5786ca862031dfff7e9c6
d5b1ffaa8431fbce6b42f33499a52ebec3e532e0
'2012-06-11T19:55:47-04:00'
describe
'244764' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXJ' 'sip-files00045.jp2'
895e37b3f690626c9fa26dac5eb914e7
c22c118420b015cc3fac2a8de4c9566a1b3eec16
'2012-06-11T19:48:23-04:00'
describe
'31187' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXK' 'sip-files00058.pro'
0178928962e0743f793ffddc6c30fd88
c70a0dc1bb181b495541ad329efacb06118e6dd7
'2012-06-11T19:53:49-04:00'
describe
'248629' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXL' 'sip-files00081.jp2'
42f86b2224da0d85bb15f8769c7aad93
8eef88b7c3f0bcee4a8315fa9c74200b65c2903b
'2012-06-11T19:51:29-04:00'
describe
'228367' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXM' 'sip-files00097.jpg'
a80421ec7837229771b7def4fce299d1
336c5d3d36c9b376ab4975d376dd4ef649ec3751
describe
'229749' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXN' 'sip-files00034.jpg'
37520d18f1b72cc044dea8925cfa746c
d631c292b18b272706c6b30d583bb8b495414385
'2012-06-11T19:46:55-04:00'
describe
'191867' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXO' 'sip-files00002.jpg'
1cc6abdac37a452886a876725701bfee
819da80bb91aabb65d6a6421e322325af54b0cc5
'2012-06-11T19:55:42-04:00'
describe
'28895' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXP' 'sip-files00076thm.jpg'
ba69633cdcc4b933893b9390168d3b1e
364f180a30b46b9ca39aa90c51875bf3708a5adf
'2012-06-11T19:45:33-04:00'
describe
'246443' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXQ' 'sip-files00013.jp2'
7d03212f3a2de7752c48038770859ee6
d78a72f4546339768784118b6f600b8b871e4ccf
'2012-06-11T19:53:21-04:00'
describe
'1362' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXR' 'sip-files00097.txt'
3e2fb0f555c6927ee8313354e6b74ff6
6b53fc5b94ccb1dc2953559f8da0eddfcc3724ac
'2012-06-11T19:50:49-04:00'
describe
'29216' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXS' 'sip-files00121thm.jpg'
1fab87d13e6415e57be1f64f8cbe7609
20b20f7a98e422f19350c4bd06448d3ceab455ca
'2012-06-11T19:45:18-04:00'
describe
'263081' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXT' 'sip-files00089.jp2'
0412b0eb72f5fd3b7b24843aec33ab4d
58615bbfbbf4337d27cc2b4a907bb0b01b787572
'2012-06-11T19:47:10-04:00'
describe
'226023' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXU' 'sip-files00027.jpg'
328672220ef9ace41654616d835d302b
a9771d44cbbab43dcea95b0571e4670a383c021a
'2012-06-11T19:53:47-04:00'
describe
'2139900' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXV' 'sip-files00064.tif'
23d8f5b4dd3338149fe3925dd2f93c99
c0ce0927a9d970434161d4f8d26b6bf8e791755c
describe
'25522' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXW' 'sip-files00098thm.jpg'
ec7f3c7ee32cdfe1c518b614e6f89256
7801161c18d2889a11a78ce9c8bfa294b350a080
'2012-06-11T19:45:52-04:00'
describe
'72954' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXX' 'sip-files00011.QC.jpg'
e5b8ac75ce93f91ef5ed07c3a661f954
64c4962f04dc16f87ad0f43b5d573ee81a3ae6e9
'2012-06-11T19:50:21-04:00'
describe
'80025' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXY' 'sip-files00034.QC.jpg'
ec8b0aa2b20faaeceb54ad8ef8051130
eacba503409b0bace3107cbae38aa13d453bba50
'2012-06-11T19:55:26-04:00'
describe
'29310' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMXZ' 'sip-files00028.pro'
0c6303ee59d174a8b034425c4db7cb85
ad82bcb4c820b3889da62216719001b10dfe0572
'2012-06-11T19:50:35-04:00'
describe
'533' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYA' 'sip-files00126.pro'
28331de8bf138ecb71f3660975971633
26549be465decf74b48e6bb9ae79231d0435925f
'2012-06-11T19:51:01-04:00'
describe
'2073616' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYB' 'sip-files00026.tif'
09132efb6eaecadb405baed77ddb90f2
88696efe971106091ec02737583359fedcf5decd
'2012-06-11T19:47:29-04:00'
describe
'608' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYC' 'sip-files00018.txt'
36161294af74109e7644efd21e3f03f1
e3ff73836439e7d5e5ce752dc7d7f65620790867
'2012-06-11T19:53:39-04:00'
describe
'21583' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYD' 'sip-files00075.pro'
693e0722b37492461dbc3e3a34ee5ff1
b82b35e882c64b2a3551b27ca10e52f793f882d6
'2012-06-11T19:55:20-04:00'
describe
'6433404' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYE' 'sip-files00005.tif'
84f7773b668ff4d56035ab45f5d070ed
0b5e45e6f8644fed7530235cd229c60c2bf54df2
'2012-06-11T19:53:33-04:00'
describe
'208527' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYF' 'sip-files00062.jpg'
63e4c2d1353120c8bc696049bb1bdbe6
e9e944da060460b4b97e9fc2b86f0bd62bfc065a
'2012-06-11T19:53:58-04:00'
describe
'226562' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYG' 'sip-files00105.jpg'
706184109a092f6cce0b2a6ac861ea2e
9cd4c9b734801ebb63f29509be7311e8e8a6d82a
'2012-06-11T19:52:19-04:00'
describe
'2058660' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYH' 'sip-files00020.tif'
0ce12008eda1ee0dec4af84102d25467
8061a1f24e9ff5260347ee4fb9d80bfd153e6aa2
'2012-06-11T19:48:00-04:00'
describe
'18495' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYI' 'sip-files00118.pro'
2e04db441f066bbda8e09ac59e16c61b
21e4d279f22eb4c732fe5d117e008fb58a93c1bb
'2012-06-11T19:51:59-04:00'
describe
'239034' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYJ' 'sip-files00068.jp2'
2bc705b57f78fbe6a98e770956db9764
c483fbd608cbd31e4e0d6d088568ce8fd3977936
'2012-06-11T19:55:18-04:00'
describe
'18050' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYK' 'sip-files00009.pro'
3039cef2fd324a8f0c1608e5a2b15fd6
b356b89e0430510fa8b1378f9df723692ad2bf2f
'2012-06-11T19:52:17-04:00'
describe
'252049' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYL' 'sip-files00042.jp2'
1c9ecef1e8db00777f993fc86ba31b7c
031d580d79c3b83fa8acdebbcaafe97955ff487a
describe
'78226' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYM' 'sip-files00116.QC.jpg'
ec9002f0d026948e5f7e2bf5a8786b3c
1eba59fa01c3f39ce090aa3969af1ba8ab826a99
'2012-06-11T19:55:46-04:00'
describe
'247082' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYN' 'sip-files00121.jp2'
2f6a91de77154721e90da9ac7691df2d
8bd590f917fde9201a3dbb2f1f76878c71bb6f37
'2012-06-11T19:52:16-04:00'
describe
'263086' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYO' 'sip-files00051.jp2'
cf2d023d148592b9770eb3c3c9dde233
ebc723e084b5a3870e44fe1ca04f7b59ec388881
'2012-06-11T19:51:11-04:00'
describe
'27433' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYP' 'sip-files00038thm.jpg'
5c362bf13f38d83ff117293304b7c612
a16eb98f2f7e3a6b8ddcc713838b80a4309978e3
'2012-06-11T19:53:10-04:00'
describe
'1272' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYQ' 'sip-files00051.txt'
3c3da92cc17c5c8f40193c533abd86b4
c18a0008914a013e8675edf452ea7c482523d1d7
'2012-06-11T19:55:44-04:00'
describe
'2043704' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYR' 'sip-files00028.tif'
751a9264a728270c78a4c5dd86006900
bec8a2ad2a94296d8862a36f91f208e5cf3c4d4f
'2012-06-11T19:55:36-04:00'
describe
'265868' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYS' 'sip-files00064.jp2'
d5fa2a2753ac24669ebd85ce4a2201c3
58580b8db00d1e63e4cc10bba3afbb186f6287bd
describe
'198791' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYT' 'sip-files00030.jpg'
d530a8179c4d28278d5a94d677df6aeb
747effd6999faa84b8c6cb92e36fb8992bd69277
'2012-06-11T19:45:29-04:00'
describe
'873' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYU' 'sip-files00040.txt'
899b36166b0d7a0f370d7e48c20bcda4
05896d2f42c1260ce4ea997c620ed1da9e6357b5
'2012-06-11T19:54:13-04:00'
describe
'83223' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYV' 'sip-files00102.QC.jpg'
3660bb02109146e4f8b94f9ef90b9400
16e136258590b36e1d29986e43a3c25753c57a6b
'2012-06-11T19:45:27-04:00'
describe
'2063384' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYW' 'sip-files00056.tif'
b8cc1420cd3f68a3667d7f145491f820
e62c908e18a1276e41b77daf449dc36c70b367da
'2012-06-11T19:54:02-04:00'
describe
'7136700' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYX' 'sip-files00002.tif'
37ee63f4b8af7fe6fdffd3c104226bc6
fc8e2c0b7a463d20a9ec52f84dc2f29c20cd61d5
'2012-06-11T19:55:30-04:00'
describe
'247130' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYY' 'sip-files00102.jp2'
47e545619b9c02d65de1bd8fb6c52b23
626b6bd6d7f7570ab86a75667fc6a55adf652c71
'2012-06-11T19:45:24-04:00'
describe
'220744' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMYZ' 'sip-files00055.jpg'
748f82065461a50a2ea87afb3d1cca70
dc649c2d734cac17e1f3f2c1e7d1de9a1cfa9bc4
'2012-06-11T19:54:00-04:00'
describe
'2014524' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZA' 'sip-files00008.tif'
6ccdcc7231a2eb7c2c62dc388a7f5f2b
f9e1d7070532497a5807668381da5582e710c719
'2012-06-11T19:47:20-04:00'
describe
'224912' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZB' 'sip-files00021.jpg'
87aad4f095bea523af03ece1478f3946
271f64886d93b49cf20715d060756b3ed123f588
'2012-06-11T19:51:37-04:00'
describe
'229873' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZC' 'sip-files00078.jpg'
1d6789b0bd2e54ee1fe69156699e6fe5
c8186973ec812a0b1e8b8585f521627cd6cdebc8
'2012-06-11T19:47:45-04:00'
describe
'28661' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZD' 'sip-files00064thm.jpg'
b062f67107670a3d49997e993ebce52c
df65dd6f28093100fd7f140873ee9611afc08c3b
describe
'2204704' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZE' 'sip-files00046.tif'
3a60753b41243967e3beeb3f467e79a9
2784aaa988f782fd6b29032a8a3d91548653e294
'2012-06-11T19:54:31-04:00'
describe
'953' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZF' 'sip-files00121.txt'
678e6d47ef67a3cc6f38b507a1f6c8fc
98eecca01cb0053c7bc8d398834c24b0f31f591f
describe
'193928' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZG' 'sip-files00039.jpg'
69c1c371763c21ea330ca2bddc98ff45
7c214db77da02c05e01ba486903cf18d69703a1b
describe
'196955' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZH' 'sip-filesUF00027914_00001.xml'
9a13071cf755a234ad87092715da8bbd
017842c9d9c1662482b9f54c6372be17371d8c32
'2012-06-11T19:54:26-04:00'
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'2013-12-10T10:31:08-05:00' 'mixed'
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
BROKEN_LINK http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
WARNING CODE 'Daitss::Anomaly' The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "
".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'334677' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZK' 'sip-files00001.jpg'
9f794c146fe7590550d83a5a75600c47
bc3ac1d9bba1e8b128ac4cecb03f1efae1eaac98
'2012-06-11T19:55:38-04:00'
describe
'88811' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZL' 'sip-files00002a.jpg'
78d7fc4418b96b3c9213626e27037ad7
288bfe202e6c030d4087ecf9ac8e83a627472d84
'2012-06-11T19:45:41-04:00'
describe
'94113' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZM' 'sip-files00003.jpg'
7006e81977f901e95e1ac58851c2245b
d46727df51480d5240664e662f9e8277b1c62813
'2012-06-11T19:53:26-04:00'
describe
'263157' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZN' 'sip-files00004.jpg'
a9747ba0a1b53a5ad87024330612e45c
b97fc8c615160d39c119db31304af1c5bd116930
'2012-06-11T19:46:35-04:00'
describe
'154225' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZO' 'sip-files00006a.jpg'
9e3380de267f07e32fd5585896616526
d6c7d468fbe0d9793d0dff85ebabc491df86719e
'2012-06-11T19:53:22-04:00'
describe
'190033' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZP' 'sip-files00007.jpg'
cdf99a7d15d68a680410f25bc133ba0b
f12f52060912e2953ad94f7b968016522fa1ae12
'2012-06-11T19:46:53-04:00'
describe
'127877' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZQ' 'sip-files00009.jpg'
0620739bda7564c02892afc4c9d8725d
53ba591d909baee0c2e5a570c07a51a383e31dd3
'2012-06-11T19:54:10-04:00'
describe
'83375' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZR' 'sip-files00010.jpg'
ca027d146c73cc09c05462458690dac1
812b18572c306f4774cad72f4f9931916238c15c
'2012-06-11T19:52:55-04:00'
describe
'222362' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZS' 'sip-files00011.jpg'
7f010dbe7374683cf7495322f70316d8
ba6f28598d593513050f49e40d5489ba4b4bde8b
'2012-06-11T19:46:07-04:00'
describe
'225996' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZT' 'sip-files00012.jpg'
bb66b6d37bfc7b018f9454f84d078cd4
2bc012dd422dde0e98479080c6a0012560c374ad
'2012-06-11T19:51:36-04:00'
describe
'229941' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZU' 'sip-files00013.jpg'
f1b2b87195e5188ccc3428488cfaca5c
3d8e1a1c551badea8af0c9897da4a0c1b2e8264a
'2012-06-11T19:53:30-04:00'
describe
'237256' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZV' 'sip-files00014.jpg'
4917f8eaac7dba80021a6093b864b34a
86cc18633be68de2633d38e592c5a2d2dbbf8c2d
'2012-06-11T19:54:11-04:00'
describe
'232175' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZW' 'sip-files00015.jpg'
2f3cf580d0b62fc6fbf03b4eb7e0a142
db62a38b8d358f5d51ec6429a2f266bf4e54d0c0
'2012-06-11T19:53:27-04:00'
describe
'229805' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZX' 'sip-files00016.jpg'
5eb6b33ba098d08634e6f08aac6ea97e
56a96bf8e9bcb498c4d8557d3818f521014a461a
'2012-06-11T19:51:12-04:00'
describe
'221923' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZY' 'sip-files00017.jpg'
dbfc638f9286c4e5f4c84022a448f0ea
e08e7202345e2c4e9832c461e15fbc5727d28acf
'2012-06-11T19:55:24-04:00'
describe
'220573' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABMZZ' 'sip-files00018.jpg'
062996e16e785e7094200bddd4398f2b
7681997d4ca97935911b918294322b1232090b46
'2012-06-11T19:47:04-04:00'
describe
'238358' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAA' 'sip-files00019.jpg'
7a881921521147f913f0828106875b63
f9e52117a346bac6fb3979610b319934e61501fd
'2012-06-11T19:46:52-04:00'
describe
'221461' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAB' 'sip-files00020.jpg'
e689833f3375bc4fb59ca199af94e102
4a60038ab754db411c3ddcb02bdc59af2f7acbc1
'2012-06-11T19:53:41-04:00'
describe
'222133' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAC' 'sip-files00022.jpg'
07a9e7b2e708dbcde41bfab0c5e3e83e
64ed84385166a1b3d5603e3bbb515fd1fd89dd0c
'2012-06-11T19:52:46-04:00'
describe
'235245' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAD' 'sip-files00023.jpg'
f998f950801939f8d39533f058482782
c4c2d81f98e6f8e6e35ef34d64b5819af1dc814f
'2012-06-11T19:45:17-04:00'
describe
'227379' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAE' 'sip-files00024.jpg'
b7ae533e2743533006446a166931f126
0027aad52e936aaa53e86e14ac65f004d4b7a4e6
'2012-06-11T19:46:05-04:00'
describe
'213679' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAF' 'sip-files00025.jpg'
82e47cb630c27aaa340083070044ae15
ad245da10abe67dffd4aa631d81c7c57e00d4860
describe
'215607' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAG' 'sip-files00026.jpg'
4127070c7e7881c118f295c744d2cfa6
fab8be5cb00ee63ec70ce6dea2bd971c5d3c035a
describe
'224568' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAH' 'sip-files00029.jpg'
9988e5ad85f18b0ac0b4ae0573b90f44
c37d49f283ca59855bcc51bd10ad90bd0d0f7787
'2012-06-11T19:51:18-04:00'
describe
'147414' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAI' 'sip-files00031.jpg'
6b4eda4d3b3530fa10112e207ef63a53
616a75999de2577b39c1cb80a891f4f674d175be
'2012-06-11T19:45:43-04:00'
describe
'220320' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAJ' 'sip-files00032.jpg'
0ceaebc7a14a74e01f7852c4106378de
3b139d5a3bf5248c21548780ab5006f468fd9390
'2012-06-11T19:53:59-04:00'
describe
'217366' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAK' 'sip-files00033.jpg'
2bf3833a957e89ad5175a45a590644ba
e1bdc9d6b0d56ba9ebf94e32a9c9deda1e0c32dd
'2012-06-11T19:54:42-04:00'
describe
'227983' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAL' 'sip-files00035.jpg'
36f2167a80dba4515a9969b3af11fd5c
e01f1e9b5df35b13da8d3755b691e56fb33b890b
'2012-06-11T19:54:40-04:00'
describe
'222473' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAM' 'sip-files00036.jpg'
fc043a86cfcecb74683223840cc7ae38
d9c8a7f27baf047fdbf438f26b215453e0ddcc61
'2012-06-11T19:54:57-04:00'
describe
'207674' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAN' 'sip-files00037.jpg'
2faae04040d6316537a3266c0b2948c3
cdd6c774593b78047bb88ea42d8428d8fe774336
'2012-06-11T19:45:28-04:00'
describe
'213574' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAO' 'sip-files00038.jpg'
fd63818b8f1f6a696159262927c1978f
8841b89bee9c33cf1918e99350b25ae30e94458c
describe
'220545' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAP' 'sip-files00040.jpg'
cad79b39785132f0a3636a7329415165
ab64584b47c8e82a393fc68c04472e45513a2106
'2012-06-11T19:46:21-04:00'
describe
'224651' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAQ' 'sip-files00041.jpg'
4d632f5f73239fd347fdd28ca5ddbd7c
74b6064747b5bf6c32486dfb03437bfa37dcbb67
'2012-06-11T19:53:50-04:00'
describe
'227302' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAR' 'sip-files00042.jpg'
8a5f263d35f54358439aacd33d292358
01fd71ce3678ba5b86a035273fb8ba7865ff76a2
'2012-06-11T19:52:27-04:00'
describe
'223190' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAS' 'sip-files00043.jpg'
4fff445515e48c234dc4d06f60e6588c
a7dc94f964d3fe27c7d49655d19d80897ce0fed6
describe
'224582' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAT' 'sip-files00044.jpg'
b09ab0160a9a9b23460d684536fcd5dd
20efbdb595d72a077a12ad493f11e0a24460c4a9
'2012-06-11T19:55:19-04:00'
describe
'218737' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAU' 'sip-files00045.jpg'
ff3b1339f202a14f4ded85d9151bba6f
62d6a6df67613dc6e955465a6d633cf8155e77fc
'2012-06-11T19:46:00-04:00'
describe
'198948' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAV' 'sip-files00046.jpg'
1d879ac0a4eb817b6ffa4f6f7797e140
712d2e1d31c39b65848eb5cdfab805c04708e7e7
'2012-06-11T19:53:44-04:00'
describe
'188150' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAW' 'sip-files00047.jpg'
07421aed9e47e4c30eebf3f1486c3d17
d5cd1f1006d721385cd897d4fac53e5881339551
'2012-06-11T19:47:15-04:00'
describe
'220689' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAX' 'sip-files00048.jpg'
158afb3dd471e0a4b9ad9d9bd97e3f0f
0245897f2ef0492f5c4fe1e89a07f4c14ed8ca5c
'2012-06-11T19:53:32-04:00'
describe
'225957' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAY' 'sip-files00049.jpg'
ed5d927b8ffce0e68a167434ece6fa2f
7956dd1509ac05a0f0d4e8e5abf2bf6aa8db516a
'2012-06-11T19:54:04-04:00'
describe
'224515' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNAZ' 'sip-files00050.jpg'
9ae83b987038a4df10288ce7d2b818d3
b88c9e2f02fa9e95c61dcbe8646330ba81c75b3f
'2012-06-11T19:55:01-04:00'
describe
'212170' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBA' 'sip-files00051.jpg'
55bb4cd9af32506911213d47d193c8c0
c93a5733863eaa16e6b1e6f9eae8c001334ce338
'2012-06-11T19:46:23-04:00'
describe
'200388' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBB' 'sip-files00052.jpg'
aea0480322bb37f3b6df3174de9693b2
3c698a0206209b72bee7eab4a04dcd5dc070c20b
'2012-06-11T19:46:59-04:00'
describe
'222732' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBC' 'sip-files00053.jpg'
8d41fcfe95e148878518f63a68c49b50
01dd56fadb1f19abf30344fd6cd2d1408d82ffd9
'2012-06-11T19:54:08-04:00'
describe
'218078' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBD' 'sip-files00054.jpg'
f748e97cc15708ba0fefc5dc279490aa
71e1a6bd4dd0b966ebb3bf3ddae20c2266cecdad
'2012-06-11T19:45:22-04:00'
describe
'267367' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBE' 'sip-files00056.jpg'
6c9eed447145b3f7cb45f9c0ae5bef58
e93728f4ec7f0c8b9a906e07b80afa97863ca0a7
describe
'221069' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBF' 'sip-files00057.jpg'
df66376c7bf30772ba6461d510d86cd7
57ee72e076e9cb8636d362393968f1bf6b23a1a1
'2012-06-11T19:55:06-04:00'
describe
'221888' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBG' 'sip-files00058.jpg'
90b8d655bf488f0336dbdb85580674d8
cc4052dc5cc315f6e9f4d1f1f76bd1420e33eda3
'2012-06-11T19:53:19-04:00'
describe
'214648' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBH' 'sip-files00059.jpg'
90b957baa0f050ed3bece8c67308b393
89bdce1be37fc2fc5f1373323d3145ce26a7c234
describe
'226465' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBI' 'sip-files00061.jpg'
5a3d8612cc20416fe39ecbe769dab788
ffec72922d320af16f55498f149eb2fe1be1e3fb
'2012-06-11T19:55:35-04:00'
describe
'215569' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBJ' 'sip-files00063.jpg'
b6615b95cee93db5901daf3d327e1c24
d6ca84bd5fbd95e8ed768ddae8804f6804f4abbf
'2012-06-11T19:53:34-04:00'
describe
'217287' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBK' 'sip-files00064.jpg'
6463570271e413b41aee0385619321cb
4d37f6c5301514bb4075bc680fa6115c62490082
describe
'209869' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBL' 'sip-files00065.jpg'
387d8f6e1d20dcbac192c418bff13628
b271a4619d765d17cc38baa18d01b370305a9255
'2012-06-11T19:54:55-04:00'
describe
'226177' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBM' 'sip-files00066.jpg'
568e39a305b4e845e8a4424e4ff04031
d59aafdddeb5763667189515e2e765ec61cc304c
'2012-06-11T19:55:27-04:00'
describe
'224107' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBN' 'sip-files00067.jpg'
8a68b77067bd580dccf6f2e4f454d0a4
a2f492b22866c129586892301274ec01592feacb
'2012-06-11T19:50:31-04:00'
describe
'223932' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBO' 'sip-files00068.jpg'
81a046529605aab16e767a8a85cc34a9
87cbd40a2fbbf90d6a89145fa9e3707b53c01ee9
'2012-06-11T19:47:50-04:00'
describe
'223950' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBP' 'sip-files00069.jpg'
4851f35632d5acfda6554c62f5b9d423
8137d2ae3efc7e23f1620c0779935a59356ea482
'2012-06-11T19:45:30-04:00'
describe
'230236' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBQ' 'sip-files00070.jpg'
78f8bce993091609bd377e36f38882c4
663bfa3c03d5423a64118e9e92a0aaec30abad09
describe
'213714' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBR' 'sip-files00072.jpg'
eb8eea93a2854947859463ebc39eb138
a2546b67035d78628aebc86fdb60396e739c0795
'2012-06-11T19:48:13-04:00'
describe
'217439' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBS' 'sip-files00073.jpg'
beabcd6b58bb8e62ada7449645bc265f
0de1b622268445cf067746c6494f1ce0ad4c0442
describe
'168935' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBT' 'sip-files00074.jpg'
97d9c925e794dfa839b1f44e2458770f
02819b01f2e241344085eeab3d188f66809a2d15
'2012-06-11T19:52:37-04:00'
describe
'223448' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBU' 'sip-files00075.jpg'
8f320c23a89b37d5108ed95748fe0081
f5f2e180ad0f0ab83ed59180d1020a3d69cfd52f
'2012-06-11T19:52:57-04:00'
describe
'223027' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBV' 'sip-files00077.jpg'
6a08d9591ce83558a45a17c1307346d7
8934e75e85be28d9eedbac54f1078b03546b2634
'2012-06-11T19:45:21-04:00'
describe
'227521' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBW' 'sip-files00079.jpg'
d4d87d4bd33cf5fc6fe1d3e69cb55c42
eca2c17eafeb0db06298f88f5acb31fd718a10be
'2012-06-11T19:51:09-04:00'
describe
'229579' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBX' 'sip-files00080.jpg'
41352a2da83475f0172d4f0477ddba32
85cd33778d810bd64c9aabc1cfcd0cb4ca386366
'2012-06-11T19:49:04-04:00'
describe
'228726' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBY' 'sip-files00081.jpg'
83eba4636aa73ab453e300fa9f1f80f7
5a29053e8eb0c18dcd378b5e962190e01e8cf2af
describe
'226178' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNBZ' 'sip-files00082.jpg'
9ef5ed5ac5b80d37c8f89143c2396bce
31ddf2a9e0c1a427773f133af6bd16be1c0f07bc
describe
'213147' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCA' 'sip-files00083.jpg'
c9f8259aea002c17d31c19de7008555b
14d97ebeb416eaddcd95b9fe8a69e8ea2346f6d6
'2012-06-11T19:45:42-04:00'
describe
'227206' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCB' 'sip-files00084.jpg'
12b3ba258655af75b02b734847a946d3
132325b95549645400c0c0ed9a23af4467b027ab
'2012-06-11T19:49:08-04:00'
describe
'227189' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCC' 'sip-files00085.jpg'
5a143c7474985b3cc96a3f295ab5bb54
011754cae7a46b5f555b0bb09576e61fad9966d3
'2012-06-11T19:49:31-04:00'
describe
'217510' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCD' 'sip-files00086.jpg'
a6c1b1ff7aab627ea09867572d9533c9
12590e3850abbc5cef1a4d6f31bd65189dd2db4c
'2012-06-11T19:54:22-04:00'
describe
'215071' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCE' 'sip-files00087.jpg'
7ae6fab59e8ac939f3fd77f051586a23
b52cc4a546d3e6ff5298e1aa35888f507b362060
'2012-06-11T19:54:52-04:00'
describe
'223601' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCF' 'sip-files00088.jpg'
678ca7888fc6715860862496d41a7365
44457020e6be8ebb78184cdbbf55ba0e1e7c3397
'2012-06-11T19:52:48-04:00'
describe
'213902' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCG' 'sip-files00089.jpg'
eb6ab094c206a7cd26c2f636c836f5e7
5018607b63f59d86386f0386724e46701242c57d
'2012-06-11T19:49:05-04:00'
describe
'233522' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCH' 'sip-files00091.jpg'
fae131fd25f74a7f8c264e83fd7de999
2dc0d30bc6c89017cd3ad5ad1ab16c94b72b1f3e
'2012-06-11T19:47:53-04:00'
describe
'227620' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCI' 'sip-files00092.jpg'
3ca3958fe0a7508d2a613c987cada857
0c6db26e6c750367055c06e2e95be8d33ffa2cd2
'2012-06-11T19:46:39-04:00'
describe
'226529' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCJ' 'sip-files00093.jpg'
1fb9eba5e32a8c7cdcdb59e7ddfe792f
1577fe023d421993d16f1f9466b2f29df81ea77e
'2012-06-11T19:46:36-04:00'
describe
'220745' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCK' 'sip-files00094.jpg'
147d798f93dec4dacc02ba36621544a8
fcee4601ae91f4087f3cf4c19e2dfe3497565644
'2012-06-11T19:54:18-04:00'
describe
'195397' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCL' 'sip-files00098.jpg'
684aea980120b1309e4818b875cea1c3
3fd55af41d61822b1a18985118cca2bef1f4ca44
describe
'192458' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCM' 'sip-files00099.jpg'
fd218fb1e99f66ffcd5e05c4e958f47c
ef0daa35eae01aa11d65e83abecdec0d0c712c07
'2012-06-11T19:53:53-04:00'
describe
'224159' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCN' 'sip-files00100.jpg'
48294db178629f9ba453bc4e96f03a4a
ab70c9189c280cd6283f02bd536cd7453c0cf18a
describe
'219145' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCO' 'sip-files00101.jpg'
a7f037ac37b9804b0a57b58b8339aff9
12857ab9315b76c45ec72d13ea0b7f3b8299c70e
'2012-06-11T19:49:59-04:00'
describe
'225473' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCP' 'sip-files00102.jpg'
452fcb8dbebc504f3c1a8df046a96950
d035ec930ccde2ea76c8373d6b013aeb43ea4c0a
describe
'231973' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCQ' 'sip-files00103.jpg'
cce314f087a45f48b6141f10491b2a84
3bc2bad0a1749d2de0004cf485aa720d9a08a7ad
describe
'212327' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCR' 'sip-files00104.jpg'
afd2e67fc7d109484df593974a01eaaf
37cd48d5cf46a5040772e25d612be38cba4b913f
'2012-06-11T19:52:47-04:00'
describe
'232255' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCS' 'sip-files00106.jpg'
1d2efbeb772b01e4b0c4278daa02e647
b3a4f83c967f2868d8522886541663460204d122
'2012-06-11T19:47:23-04:00'
describe
'241479' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCT' 'sip-files00107.jpg'
0002a640b9a4a900fde0f58fb3741105
2f49265b4acbfebbd3c41824f18f40c7753bf659
'2012-06-11T19:55:34-04:00'
describe
'230022' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCU' 'sip-files00108.jpg'
2f60b1d1301bfe62cf0722d22583173c
317ecc87f79d2b8c1e093f6f4ca1263976d1fb24
describe
'227610' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCV' 'sip-files00109.jpg'
7e5958602c490c1fb93e792faed32772
2c76efdff3dd7e23834513e13c3364a071b0dc49
'2012-06-11T19:55:33-04:00'
describe
'227493' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCW' 'sip-files00110.jpg'
d8c1a8dc2c4b946286f3d7334483e98b
5ea41c76d71184175baca6f3fa7ab10df77d41c3
'2012-06-11T19:48:49-04:00'
describe
'234149' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCX' 'sip-files00111.jpg'
36dd3509a3e8293240a3663174814a0b
5912e704ff4dfc4933ceab197f2a5bca6f558aa9
describe
'232299' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCY' 'sip-files00112.jpg'
3f5f6f2266e0aa13264a9744f8a45e70
3eb144c3da07ef1505242cb99c79f1fc6b323b4a
'2012-06-11T19:47:57-04:00'
describe
'228238' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNCZ' 'sip-files00113.jpg'
c15f6df11c1c5d834f6bcf764c34237b
39526138f627eb917a646a82880744d5761f310e
'2012-06-11T19:51:51-04:00'
describe
'234617' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDA' 'sip-files00114.jpg'
4d3d426d216f09b3c1b2a9ac97e05430
a37bbd1a40abd881e7efd613b442bbaabb74d361
'2012-06-11T19:51:07-04:00'
describe
'227667' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDB' 'sip-files00115.jpg'
34cc55e7a05a9d0cbd3802dd892927d5
0b20ea5129250170c0d6cb0abf0db0214f080372
'2012-06-11T19:48:55-04:00'
describe
'221063' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDC' 'sip-files00116.jpg'
41a16de06d41fde9e99f72086c4d299a
a27df92dbaeac84e8ff86465e7a0204617a7eb3a
describe
'218210' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDD' 'sip-files00117.jpg'
3999e55095779f41167e9e73b3625d84
f2da988650c31861881ef576e49708ca72f2cbee
'2012-06-11T19:45:54-04:00'
describe
'207559' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDE' 'sip-files00118.jpg'
881c8608bade8e78de0ba7c800ebba14
7609b756374da4e1f8f1875c2aaf5c7a8fceed9f
'2012-06-11T19:45:45-04:00'
describe
'225437' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDF' 'sip-files00120.jpg'
20d7655e718de1fdfdba5da07ae29b68
e260e42305c5d648e4c36aa698c55d5dac0225f6
describe
'226544' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDG' 'sip-files00121.jpg'
51b9a12a65f391bd4a6578c9f385cbd5
f5d29c32e2be9c30e6b946eacf4c8742c6f4ba18
describe
'156225' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDH' 'sip-files00122.jpg'
663f5d8b43b0146202a741a504410b12
45baa276f6b25640a7c57e09c2da4781f8dbb9c4
'2012-06-11T19:53:20-04:00'
describe
'142931' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDI' 'sip-files00124.jpg'
c47091945a8d806e4e8595c5ec365d41
395b639b265c8b152c779c1986c255da3816278a
'2012-06-11T19:53:42-04:00'
describe
'111340' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDJ' 'sip-files00125.jpg'
b1f7addeb3f73ea222c6cec7eccbbb83
d7e66cccc48915a2d7c9f25dac793b9243e0ce2c
'2012-06-11T19:53:48-04:00'
describe
'320386' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDK' 'sip-files00126.jpg'
be0f2da7bbda9144160fd79d06b81a5f
8c216dd56aaf516862d0730b464c05ae8b6320f4
'2012-06-11T19:52:07-04:00'
describe
'95011' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDL' 'sip-files00127.jpg'
e2c5b39d8e66937828c85a8a414d06c9
059c00b976efb930b0408b62172d78e65d79ba8b
'2012-06-11T19:52:22-04:00'
describe
'290483' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDM' 'sip-files00001.jp2'
b26d871dee985bfb25fd15e327b1ab97
70d241904c5134ba3c3ac7392e2047a7aa632b88
describe
'296753' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDN' 'sip-files00002.jp2'
ce60dcdea48365b8a80ec5146d781bff
9c14d3300f2b6d6a1052dc74b770db78c4e6a090
'2012-06-11T19:49:40-04:00'
describe
'243477' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDO' 'sip-files00002a.jp2'
cbf667d19c07fecde77e8312407371f3
8c066d503651bba8e8c8cc71ba7d13812f913966
'2012-06-11T19:54:25-04:00'
describe
'262679' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDP' 'sip-files00003.jp2'
3af361e56ec52173556ba8a5689978cc
834466b48bc23ffef4c018cd4690467a0854fad6
describe
'267714' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDQ' 'sip-files00004.jp2'
eef3cbcd6a0582ed05f85d710757ec1a
34c8dccc5a86c18a4a1c88b4dac48ec9bd69f2ef
'2012-06-11T19:48:31-04:00'
describe
'267559' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDR' 'sip-files00005.jp2'
f1a4fede71c847a6d0543cc770c8d8e7
12a69c9fe02f3eb57b7d50f2dfc92bcaeab86811
describe
'248484' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDS' 'sip-files00006a.jp2'
b48c0a15c3fa0cf851aa9ee62f679781
e29a8901f9ec17bc7f6929fdb42dd09a0d76eacc
'2012-06-11T19:47:38-04:00'
describe
'252604' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDT' 'sip-files00007.jp2'
57ed8d63ba3bbbb82dc7b46bcfc7ea5f
e53675346d5b8780ed1050f07b466076115c9160
'2012-06-11T19:51:38-04:00'
describe
'250337' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDU' 'sip-files00008.jp2'
a05321d6e942141f7518464a61418bad
4de0090a1015d2f6e36284e6983e941ab8787128
describe
'250357' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDV' 'sip-files00009.jp2'
63ed9c93b15caebdfa72a4f738f06b0a
fdf27317e367bd593659d98b9b1624640a417dd7
'2012-06-11T19:48:01-04:00'
describe
'247979' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDW' 'sip-files00010.jp2'
396329df99899b9354f954ff9c34ffe1
c995eba0182c76e448f042ac5f1a080e23c095f0
'2012-06-11T19:55:43-04:00'
describe
'248909' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDX' 'sip-files00011.jp2'
567d460a8e2153663cbb13a7a821c76b
171ad3b67e8f15b7b60180ea2b176f76dc0099e4
'2012-06-11T19:49:20-04:00'
describe
'241196' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDY' 'sip-files00012.jp2'
17f7a5e47edb9a9b3fce35251ef40d06
bded710068fb0251be56d8e3d1946c672e4c6ad9
describe
'247038' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNDZ' 'sip-files00015.jp2'
7bd849adb7dcfb2dc5bf48e3fe7b99a3
55ef789e73abfc797e0dfdf9934e84f6d26a10c3
'2012-06-11T19:47:11-04:00'
describe
'249954' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEA' 'sip-files00016.jp2'
8e7752fa35875bd4c6038646c547d9ba
ac4d3216b6bdd656264224c3f617cbcfe58477a8
'2012-06-11T19:51:20-04:00'
describe
'243998' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEB' 'sip-files00017.jp2'
5b2eb8255b546a5cda384752dd5f37b8
b65551d4cd32dd4cc3a05ef3bc0a711a7a6fc756
'2012-06-11T19:50:50-04:00'
describe
'254578' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEC' 'sip-files00018.jp2'
435554745c72fb71bd1c57901d26404b
a9763d40b6a7322d9f363f267914b17c99b0a1ff
'2012-06-11T19:46:20-04:00'
describe
'239724' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNED' 'sip-files00019.jp2'
be124cda5cfeb32f97effc414719c220
20e539b0822c2576fa4618558880d3029b510f84
'2012-06-11T19:48:53-04:00'
describe
'255655' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEE' 'sip-files00020.jp2'
07a07d00a60c84001fc18c4312c13681
b6d7fca8aa7040d1ced51ba9f8e87366722a580d
'2012-06-11T19:55:29-04:00'
describe
'263089' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEF' 'sip-files00021.jp2'
5e47ed47afcf24b4481089d544b8dade
799eca00173a5a28f80f8f00d0dfb9acbcf420ff
describe
'256689' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEG' 'sip-files00022.jp2'
ef1a43450d6e520c7802dd9abaaa6928
126fa4b508e6afc99845ba218e95ffd79001059f
'2012-06-11T19:46:03-04:00'
describe
'257846' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEH' 'sip-files00024.jp2'
bc96f2da730728b075fc2b47d202ef1d
0917a6c64b86aa73af2c7b58e5ea4be47e04e4cf
'2012-06-11T19:47:49-04:00'
describe
'263057' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEI' 'sip-files00025.jp2'
2fc957a5b6ce99c51f784462bc873349
5b1d8766ba4c84924849311af2dd7f13bd98402a
'2012-06-11T19:53:06-04:00'
describe
'257553' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEJ' 'sip-files00026.jp2'
700c81048c4241470fc0c4c28a816096
eb9feb01ff378d43002c0c8e8f06c1c316055c65
'2012-06-11T19:47:37-04:00'
describe
'246338' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEK' 'sip-files00027.jp2'
4c109eb9285c5ceaf0ad0dee252a252f
272d1bb4f93da73029218ee52b26e267dc9450b6
'2012-06-11T19:48:58-04:00'
describe
'253761' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEL' 'sip-files00028.jp2'
82c76a062af46ff8b399bc44756654cd
cff62d9d1350c7d80bd740b79d22ce4f5badace7
'2012-06-11T19:47:24-04:00'
describe
'247137' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEM' 'sip-files00029.jp2'
89bea81652b91a545d378b1226764e40
8984d5c8bca379dbae14503772610dd7db415574
'2012-06-11T19:47:08-04:00'
describe
'261270' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEN' 'sip-files00030.jp2'
c12a89fec505bd30d2ab313909ebf9fa
fdc57103614394f1223919a945d7306bdf98c4af
'2012-06-11T19:47:22-04:00'
describe
'246791' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEO' 'sip-files00031.jp2'
587de39ae67f9cf65b9b8a8418ac663e
a0a048a9a28695c864dcd8bb7afaff759e4a963e
describe
'256522' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEP' 'sip-files00032.jp2'
735d5a2d73086cee7953220a0c25817d
bacaab20c6a250df17892686c2b9deabeb72ad38
'2012-06-11T19:45:46-04:00'
describe
'263048' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEQ' 'sip-files00033.jp2'
f016ea98257d628312da05db40d63c4b
171a4c18264aac746164c133700a5b30fc61e86f
'2012-06-11T19:46:15-04:00'
describe
'253147' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNER' 'sip-files00034.jp2'
e02a7e963e618d88a3c3786c38d442b9
68ad4785647609e0bb9cf533257b4413855764dc
'2012-06-11T19:55:25-04:00'
describe
'248271' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNES' 'sip-files00035.jp2'
a390e5f2a6506c6894e0854da46952fc
e1ff52af2f089b5d187cd9bc6ed77baf1a79e9c0
'2012-06-11T19:46:42-04:00'
describe
'251608' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNET' 'sip-files00036.jp2'
bb130720f08d478c137abd33501f95d6
20946924d3e4f3f3c2c774dcca7124def52e0422
describe
'253396' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEU' 'sip-files00037.jp2'
91bae907ff208770099625fa679e64c9
dc69c658147462764c7034a2d522a2d1d3f34629
describe
'263098' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEV' 'sip-files00039.jp2'
b7e5320851e140b35e08135c19348755
fc4f00b7c83f5c20aa20cfb4c25a3335f8924f87
describe
'256653' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEW' 'sip-files00040.jp2'
d248509544fb7e07e775a6f20bde85ad
3cfb1ece1e463062bf4c3244d843215d1bd81669
'2012-06-11T19:52:04-04:00'
describe
'252246' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEX' 'sip-files00041.jp2'
20a408514b2040fc5345207202023e55
09a3d762d74fdc050d547b6b8b142233d18d6926
'2012-06-11T19:48:44-04:00'
describe
'245581' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEY' 'sip-files00043.jp2'
5210b094884b90c50c7251daba7c73c7
b05738d4df615ff5f788fe38dd1cad668a51c87f
describe
'253271' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNEZ' 'sip-files00044.jp2'
1f8cfb9e18a29dd68f4fae85f5ebc7f4
ebfa26597c09adf73439e8495842f5b73fb3e4cf
'2012-06-11T19:54:19-04:00'
describe
'274022' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFA' 'sip-files00046.jp2'
4da54e99bc0b1ba4338e6cf2f8bdeceb
85dc0de82f3bdc2db90d5fdb883d9d0f74c818f8
'2012-06-11T19:54:28-04:00'
describe
'254611' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFB' 'sip-files00047.jp2'
0d648f97bb4999186421d127d10b3f04
980588e93926b826475c44c4701c1d864fe056bf
'2012-06-11T19:54:06-04:00'
describe
'256644' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFC' 'sip-files00048.jp2'
e9051b2b7d76e517e307fb6bf7a49808
2f6ef36185cd549b1b54b426e74e87402eca6b6c
'2012-06-11T19:51:26-04:00'
describe
'249778' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFD' 'sip-files00049.jp2'
d294147eb57a5f32f7e4e0fc22f6b054
d040499dab0e1f6f6c86e180419a54d7fec3940e
'2012-06-11T19:45:26-04:00'
describe
'248918' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFE' 'sip-files00050.jp2'
989286c3d1f06f0b3a441ad09acc05cf
403de9a157f1a9a3f9d6b72e2599bf38e19c6ab7
describe
'249251' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFF' 'sip-files00052.jp2'
8e78fdbb2177e8e8758984d971ff2426
4ea5085a5e748b265dda3b976e7a606a6b80515d
'2012-06-11T19:53:05-04:00'
describe
'251718' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFG' 'sip-files00053.jp2'
4b6299c27bd4ab43ec43d9a647f1a948
f5c71028b72f61a751afcaed225e0fd24217573d
'2012-06-11T19:55:41-04:00'
describe
'246390' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFH' 'sip-files00054.jp2'
89c81cd9d46ced0cd45c7900bf00fdd8
d00a8ec017208aae1c8c3af42b14c0bcf2779b5c
'2012-06-11T19:54:59-04:00'
describe
'249177' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFI' 'sip-files00055.jp2'
dd42bb55be8a142d9a12277342b3a837
6318d338d3874e5bb96d8d3be428311afd822759
'2012-06-11T19:55:39-04:00'
describe
'255993' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFJ' 'sip-files00056.jp2'
c414d9e6ed844fa8232b84bb6d19f0a6
c6b4ecc9a8f6c4946790ffa3ce53d9f04d3b9407
describe
'249402' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFK' 'sip-files00057.jp2'
0044bb7b5f627a9bbc93be25a6f3affa
53a16af6b05e60f93e5eb47cdbf9bb3b6d00aa2d
'2012-06-11T19:48:16-04:00'
describe
'249082' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFL' 'sip-files00058.jp2'
7029053a2a7470187e01bc9c89e4ac8b
7f939c5fab9241629138e52ee2da3937eb4da6e6
describe
'243246' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFM' 'sip-files00059.jp2'
12308780dea41c931cb5fe78198cff69
6ccb18de77fa38b1a4ad98e7616263700df1979f
'2012-06-11T19:55:16-04:00'
describe
'245233' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFN' 'sip-files00060.jp2'
d3b526380aeb7f80d64be846e47be248
892340fcffab52ada173677b516fa95b54359211
describe
'242299' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFO' 'sip-files00061.jp2'
3b153d4b288546a8c952b4d4ea876406
f30c76c04f10dfc6cf323deb0bcbf3619f715c92
describe
'242579' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFP' 'sip-files00063.jp2'
048a27b088e5594ccd338abfdeee8a85
9b5fac0f9a87dd55ab56cc938242ffa335a70d4d
describe
'252169' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFQ' 'sip-files00065.jp2'
6e7284af6d53739779cee610505ee89b
84ed4c7f170a9b1707f6ad85e17a0bedd138bde7
'2012-06-11T19:55:23-04:00'
describe
'246127' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFR' 'sip-files00066.jp2'
beeb475ae678cf40e76f3323ea08b3be
1b60d0cc116e007cc8eb9722bfde57c670c132db
'2012-06-11T19:50:54-04:00'
describe
'245539' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFS' 'sip-files00067.jp2'
2a64fb74e3516a42dff295c124c250ed
e2143f0bf3069058bfc67ce1069ffb23e8a9385f
'2012-06-11T19:54:30-04:00'
describe
'263090' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFT' 'sip-files00069.jp2'
7323dc0208c4473048e82cb95254215a
0106ffd81b2ead4f7e54ece031bfe64a00338222
'2012-06-11T19:51:21-04:00'
describe
'244936' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFU' 'sip-files00070.jp2'
f26924f49679cb5648cd1a05114aa15f
42d04b9c78a53db651979a4bafa9594da88bf0ed
'2012-06-11T19:47:34-04:00'
describe
'249451' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFV' 'sip-files00071.jp2'
638be3b233ffc7e1192a00fc85d8d49e
596a97c7814d602e10f8927eff4de81fa1f4addd
'2012-06-11T19:47:55-04:00'
describe
'247432' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFW' 'sip-files00072.jp2'
72a18cd228a3fb118475fd9b8024f451
81a2210e3a981aea5f35b16a3c4755a7176965c5
'2012-06-11T19:52:28-04:00'
describe
'249985' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFX' 'sip-files00073.jp2'
32d62e273acdcac86ad1cd7d92e93de7
a51d3723654a5bcf3e2f07c977aee695da6bbb38
'2012-06-11T19:53:01-04:00'
describe
'248308' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFY' 'sip-files00075.jp2'
550d61bb9987a949759c32a5d72ca7bf
1d95afb9b26cc87b68bf498acaef83e33854c4c0
describe
'255534' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNFZ' 'sip-files00076.jp2'
8aedb2ffd6ed0b31186341ab96c1e7c6
8e0f2b7ef3706f96c51b11e91fe77014a4647061
'2012-06-11T19:53:52-04:00'
describe
'247710' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGA' 'sip-files00077.jp2'
c905e18214b591c5db0b230312637ad2
d76a336f7058b87cbe05a1448cb50c7dedc08a46
'2012-06-11T19:48:20-04:00'
describe
'248713' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGB' 'sip-files00078.jp2'
f06940d36c2bb3c0598e0b3251053e81
66a0a368a15cb274ecec49baf5252baaef217ad2
'2012-06-11T19:50:22-04:00'
describe
'244976' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGC' 'sip-files00079.jp2'
1e7ffe3f02314c2f246d7329724d4e48
8fdc1f4df44b637a85b90900631f3c41a92313b9
'2012-06-11T19:55:45-04:00'
describe
'250179' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGD' 'sip-files00080.jp2'
7ab7a00b3b02ebf6ad13ffd4c66f0e3c
89a331abc3c1cedfcb83a4d94e4e381eef9405a2
describe
'243557' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGE' 'sip-files00082.jp2'
b66c330695b6d75f140660a32630cbd6
fe53d47017e75b6b498a795c66fb1a1dbef3238b
describe
'262993' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGF' 'sip-files00083.jp2'
b1172ff6d60d13a2a1b497701d1eaa44
6ec67ed316ccb38c5a6688037561ab6bc61bde35
'2012-06-11T19:50:11-04:00'
describe
'256076' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGG' 'sip-files00084.jp2'
358fb91392f12d5081818e3f9ad791a2
97395f2bc511bf6541423c47f76aa589b4ba8f88
'2012-06-11T19:51:06-04:00'
describe
'250426' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGH' 'sip-files00085.jp2'
e7f9f9b1819326f43edffaf2c539be9c
f38c43ef6719e00f49cf609b73927a321a077992
'2012-06-11T19:48:45-04:00'
describe
'255668' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGI' 'sip-files00086.jp2'
d4ee42a331868c5a8e181886c0ac1e2b
29e39fd79a8563d13feb616e34bcb57893dc1f31
describe
'263022' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGJ' 'sip-files00087.jp2'
1eb2cf8198d7a31b6393553fd6aab5cf
b20a9e13e8f35091ab445fe6379f1529763e15be
describe
'249195' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGK' 'sip-files00088.jp2'
607947e05516f27991a680045565bff6
7530319a5230ae6f5d9c11a27a1619a7fbac0cbb
'2012-06-11T19:54:05-04:00'
describe
'245441' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGL' 'sip-files00090.jp2'
087fdd44f2860dc03862c76cd17ae9d1
128dd0413b17a6d002fabf99d16ac1a31e65af1c
'2012-06-11T19:55:04-04:00'
describe
'249313' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGM' 'sip-files00091.jp2'
50a1c6661e6d8315ce0626684665064b
73a55addaebfe746ac12f8e6f9d03f94560cbb77
describe
'250910' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGN' 'sip-files00092.jp2'
8706c07e702bd54dfddc7b65cdbe3ecd
acd4a2ecaf165807c4a6fb30c5215230d05fb785
describe
'251199' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGO' 'sip-files00093.jp2'
d997f47cad6c8079ac407d7608a7814b
6304374503c1c21a1be0e8c67dd34dfd8f42db63
'2012-06-11T19:51:08-04:00'
describe
'256991' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGP' 'sip-files00094.jp2'
c32ab639e969621d8a477662d1372894
959ca1ef1c8c87922fc116c8c93c909df24c9db9
'2012-06-11T19:52:01-04:00'
describe
'263068' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGQ' 'sip-files00095.jp2'
50ffb477aad90a9c8ac9353ac0010af1
ac9ac2d74770db2ce48aad36f9313b70da3ef495
describe
'265845' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGR' 'sip-files00096.jp2'
169289963a6abaf1e1d7eb08e39e6140
c577907deafb465f9ba7646daeff0e965cf88b30
'2012-06-11T19:53:15-04:00'
describe
'263043' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGS' 'sip-files00097.jp2'
ccf5dc57865767bbf66145234a5ad99f
49ac7a5a4508da5faf1196e3430b7c93604f1a57
'2012-06-11T19:50:19-04:00'
describe
'253349' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGT' 'sip-files00098.jp2'
3ed943a6ffdca02fb74ae81f6e338668
ea3467e7324c35622cedba8eb973ef75f9b8491c
describe
'263076' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGU' 'sip-files00099.jp2'
1e64cff211c998c6d21f408c02ae76a4
35b6ebe005754808ad4f66124895200940fb326b
'2012-06-11T19:47:32-04:00'
describe
'237848' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGV' 'sip-files00100.jp2'
a6f124fff2b1c8e3f9b9838128487023
5af2d893e11e7b75a946a36b622402e65c58aff0
describe
'263100' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGW' 'sip-files00101.jp2'
8f86af6525500e7edfd2b56759ab04e2
bc58aeac16b3ee7e0d955b75d4fe4bd975ee6e5b
describe
'247894' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGX' 'sip-files00103.jp2'
f8e3d0f03dc94a1661ae1a2dc04eece1
ef7d9866d1f7235143db2b215bd9bf4c98db990c
'2012-06-11T19:45:19-04:00'
describe
'248828' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGY' 'sip-files00104.jp2'
844ae1366dd0492b42f9d6a2a5105a26
594bf4cbdc575412e85a7754d9ab346eb47fb480
'2012-06-11T19:50:00-04:00'
describe
'244181' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNGZ' 'sip-files00105.jp2'
17641d562cafba140ba3fdffb39a628a
53d355ba58f733993ec991ff276b2331627938b4
describe
'253715' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHA' 'sip-files00106.jp2'
d4738ead19b9b8f924727bdcef14948e
e9689d71d940b5ea6f9da923e9dbd2be69e1c62d
'2012-06-11T19:46:08-04:00'
describe
'242958' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHB' 'sip-files00107.jp2'
58cee461f7c54f50a9ff4926de5dd1ce
16b6c98580f582de324adb28015195101f93a137
'2012-06-11T19:51:42-04:00'
describe
'254067' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHC' 'sip-files00108.jp2'
dd99a5eb64da31cfb5bec0f65c443e29
71a9b6357c809d12f4eb169f9f96a9e727def398
'2012-06-11T19:48:03-04:00'
describe
'247161' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHD' 'sip-files00109.jp2'
67c69a0aaaee82e34164f82f392f61de
6dfa3bf7c38c176a56a2588fb5cc8bf2d180cd77
'2012-06-11T19:47:35-04:00'
describe
'251898' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHE' 'sip-files00110.jp2'
ab1e68e76c934739e71ad9164ebea938
4f40ce7ccc55ef1b253ec4bb9ffe8eea5980cb78
'2012-06-11T19:47:31-04:00'
describe
'247457' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHF' 'sip-files00111.jp2'
301e2604db6270890b787487498aebdf
6e90604058566df5a39c08a49c841d7855b01342
describe
'247697' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHG' 'sip-files00112.jp2'
86ceeb4b704b300f73423b1791ae0e7e
e6a5d0d0ba8729fa3265b29ea952c48c6dbb8a02
'2012-06-11T19:52:31-04:00'
describe
'246446' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHH' 'sip-files00113.jp2'
f11924ffbdf3dc2f79f12d7a0460a604
f1a7bc79c5289148531f0a54b64084f1ce2b941e
describe
'243657' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHI' 'sip-files00114.jp2'
6e078404424579b8f6c51bc571467cc5
ef6c357ca3268bcdff0273fd0b17e3a5617f9ad5
describe
'249823' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHJ' 'sip-files00115.jp2'
7fe393c08867e302c90a853b7e55280e
effcb08a0a98a9077fb0ef7b794a08eeb8061ab9
describe
'255327' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHK' 'sip-files00116.jp2'
5c8fea4c528fea91350787e69ea4891f
9b0d8c8331b1057a4488a236f7bfb2bd8fd69e22
describe
'263069' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHL' 'sip-files00117.jp2'
9c1f29934148db75e2095302279ce83e
2af17d2b7de3e315c0bd569f9a34db49d2d49503
describe
'242209' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHM' 'sip-files00118.jp2'
cb250dbedf2cb988efc3af2bdae4a0a0
80355c4516acac2b3dcc72e4fdcab8f4d987f502
'2012-06-11T19:54:32-04:00'
describe
'244754' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHN' 'sip-files00120.jp2'
049037e1cf2e3376a51c869eb6fa4a1e
82ecb9cac71eea90510a2f49992fe1f3bf93a0f9
'2012-06-11T19:51:54-04:00'
describe
'253963' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHO' 'sip-files00122.jp2'
2d3d99911f2c0e8cbb631157a24c9f1a
a89a68b2d53eef6b22b83d1e0d8ad9c88fd2c6c5
describe
'262986' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHP' 'sip-files00123.jp2'
828b8fe3f525b00d187a6ab1d1b2ef18
db9f4bc8db203adbcdddb3f8fa69973c47c83457
'2012-06-11T19:51:33-04:00'
describe
'278760' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHQ' 'sip-files00124.jp2'
d8aa6f6526016d81756f16b239652e3c
df1bcf85a4cadce834ac3678f3f95b53b8d43113
describe
'285307' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHR' 'sip-files00125.jp2'
b009623dc4c576243150fe9620dbed59
1fcd16be5ff1900864e3bc5767feb37d3765f3a0
'2012-06-11T19:54:01-04:00'
describe
'276600' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHS' 'sip-files00126.jp2'
1160d6705a2544dac7ad26413f5def62
2dfcc736c492474c44d51afa731e6773e2866743
'2012-06-11T19:53:57-04:00'
describe
'58296' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHT' 'sip-files00127.jp2'
37069bb652ec7868c6303f3bd858d22b
8cc278e344e75ae7920242231b2bd86d39b7f916
'2012-06-11T19:53:04-04:00'
describe
'6984968' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHU' 'sip-files00001.tif'
3e6acdb8588ec36494642387c6ab6f41
c72b9c6c052e5d656fb92e21d737b5be34b95787
describe
'1957612' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHV' 'sip-files00002a.tif'
d3d1dba1b9e5d24ecab99edce0bef6a1
fcfd51924aab350e68218de471e125728eb81f6d
'2012-06-11T19:54:43-04:00'
describe
'2112748' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHW' 'sip-files00003.tif'
07a1a2a0ea19d2e2eed0f9b7072a315b
97d2f2b7649aebefd0b254a683c593bf071b05ec
describe
'1998964' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHX' 'sip-files00006a.tif'
ec6a899c9932a10a2fd2d1c957e3be3f
acc458c3155a56895ca176495d058a3ea1070047
'2012-06-11T19:49:36-04:00'
describe
'2032500' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHY' 'sip-files00007.tif'
c346d12a459219c5bc5034b2933fb107
ee1201c5ac62c31fa6a9935d8c4329e9d0dba305
describe
'2013492' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNHZ' 'sip-files00009.tif'
232986d28259b917f032c2739e34a5d7
5b5bf463b913fafecf5a0a76cc40aeb3fd7f2630
describe
'1992324' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIA' 'sip-files00010.tif'
8326db27111bbe9afaac4452f7565b95
94a478247e5aecb7e719a14d01a3b9563a45a06d
'2012-06-11T19:54:12-04:00'
describe
'2004384' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIB' 'sip-files00011.tif'
88db05d1baaf07057c350a81d0854223
8598ad624149246fcc1eea068bdb9d7374c1febf
'2012-06-11T19:52:29-04:00'
describe
'1943080' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIC' 'sip-files00012.tif'
574eb046f08cf2d49a4b244c93279508
d3213a25ef1c648c64f738b9f29af7ec505c7204
'2012-06-11T19:53:38-04:00'
describe
'1985264' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNID' 'sip-files00013.tif'
9c61f61e10ae0efc77979a2cf0d2f1a3
84bad0ea2d451a4f0995ee9492630661c99fe617
describe
'2071856' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIE' 'sip-files00014.tif'
bfc1b10b25026f5603e7f25204a37ab4
f6cbfed67721eb41f66ed07dae30891dbfef12a6
'2012-06-11T19:50:04-04:00'
describe
'1989872' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIF' 'sip-files00015.tif'
509af59cf4be9dfe8d2bfe94e3a62f62
7e1db2e34ab4940a9a70a3d362c252f267020d0a
'2012-06-11T19:50:44-04:00'
describe
'2012824' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIG' 'sip-files00016.tif'
665631fdd8ab24e432b3e3141baf91c4
6f48dab657c76dac4910c76adee34f9363892422
'2012-06-11T19:47:03-04:00'
describe
'1965164' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIH' 'sip-files00017.tif'
331f5c9f1f0648a0b02f266082b39492
cd576f6ab1ca7e33c62dc4247372271f15bcfc90
'2012-06-11T19:48:18-04:00'
describe
'2049320' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNII' 'sip-files00018.tif'
908992396e1e15ab5e342a06d89e1349
06b8f206bc65ca1cbcba34b65f8b60411896e5e1
'2012-06-11T19:55:37-04:00'
describe
'1931608' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIJ' 'sip-files00019.tif'
253b8023014a287350d7d8fb88517bed
8ad250bc1ade37598a73c19e49933053b14e00fe
'2012-06-11T19:51:53-04:00'
describe
'2117572' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIK' 'sip-files00021.tif'
facf7954e3001188c7ad1dce2c9f4b82
a305c2983a5a89b9eefe9862b291c1ccf8900fcb
'2012-06-11T19:49:28-04:00'
describe
'2066708' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIL' 'sip-files00022.tif'
5738935ef8c53a83ee1142ced62ededf
82b16e6ab7633f71dfae2a11c124bc94defe461e
'2012-06-11T19:55:31-04:00'
describe
'2006844' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIM' 'sip-files00023.tif'
591740b7bb85850643ba8869b383a974
4516997b5646e2d36d22830c4c8501ff2e6be656
'2012-06-11T19:52:58-04:00'
describe
'2076120' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIN' 'sip-files00024.tif'
a247b35b58e4d62e7b4352a446c1e97a
25ac0960eb9c2d41d6740bbc47148ca18139b6aa
describe
'2117584' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIO' 'sip-files00025.tif'
7ff758d0288fc2388be785a6c69fa545
bd2e52ea038a408a608aad527d552517fd01156c
'2012-06-11T19:54:54-04:00'
describe
'1984212' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIP' 'sip-files00027.tif'
2b0aec1e09fe80c0da4fc276121b4542
429b5ff0a3f9971c1a58d3fb111309275a23c44c
'2012-06-11T19:47:56-04:00'
describe
'1990272' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIQ' 'sip-files00029.tif'
a263ee511ec0b062e28bc864e3a398c0
f12ef54b92d3745caf85cdc9e623d14acc13738e
describe
'2102536' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIR' 'sip-files00030.tif'
4c9c1ef29b3c301c00762357ed0585a4
27670438ed1f6358c6bd995575a763f50d469199
'2012-06-11T19:52:43-04:00'
describe
'1984692' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIS' 'sip-files00031.tif'
ae65db518ed88a87a22528f14b083921
7958239b4ba4551e0548c0616c84dd2f0881c3dc
'2012-06-11T19:55:00-04:00'
describe
'2065000' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIT' 'sip-files00032.tif'
a68881bbde321218a135995e44f81f4e
531fd63e1c853200e0c6307b6cadbfc96523c5c7
describe
'2117452' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIU' 'sip-files00033.tif'
eabd82365811019b0a854df0d68f9e93
9cee0b7cc94ef8a32aa67a52f0e4fd299bcbcea7
'2012-06-11T19:50:13-04:00'
describe
'2038076' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIV' 'sip-files00034.tif'
4e8436dd86b0a552a144d9810f59b43c
694a4573bffc20cb966605f8273e820edcbe363d
'2012-06-11T19:48:12-04:00'
describe
'1999272' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIW' 'sip-files00035.tif'
72c6430a44e73bae67e6c735e2d16167
3ef3c51f876f5f7a486d20521d25691a08f2b0b2
'2012-06-11T19:46:16-04:00'
describe
'2026236' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIX' 'sip-files00036.tif'
b824d6b779e9186842e7c6ad37e6d1cb
032245ba99aebf2943667de66240c2e67dbc89db
'2012-06-11T19:54:20-04:00'
describe
'2040116' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIY' 'sip-files00037.tif'
e11fe83287c85cb00d530b6be57c227c
783e4f70a25037a282fd333a21878a85b95fa2f2
'2012-06-11T19:50:56-04:00'
describe
'2022208' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNIZ' 'sip-files00038.tif'
e2fcbfa9fbc06810a1e13c9464fabe08
1b13ef141c611bcffe57338be8698e31bf4ee63c
'2012-06-11T19:45:50-04:00'
describe
'2066068' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJA' 'sip-files00040.tif'
3ee1f04bd55c6aff7e634df968815ef9
67c72622892bef2aec87624fc7efdb080268d3a4
'2012-06-11T19:48:42-04:00'
describe
'2030788' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJB' 'sip-files00041.tif'
43e6dd5b346bb52c32107cddaa01a06b
64f40fa3593c82c3a3dcd1bbc72a0aeda9ed0413
'2012-06-11T19:45:49-04:00'
describe
'1977672' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJC' 'sip-files00043.tif'
db57120c0a0f72c0e38c596f8e470fe4
7c348a2ac19bd235d5b6f4b2a4dc9eaabe01c724
'2012-06-11T19:54:29-04:00'
describe
'2039808' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJD' 'sip-files00044.tif'
a436ce9b76a9e220e49a12a38459fa33
8be68ee26d7dd14233d0f0a1c9d2e8861cb0abb0
'2012-06-11T19:51:22-04:00'
describe
'1971000' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJE' 'sip-files00045.tif'
39c10fb1c528117b00d8cf618f7ca260
d94b61dc4c4b2ceba21b6005afe6a8399cfafa70
describe
'2049304' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJF' 'sip-files00047.tif'
b063339e91c664e68a6c0296d2f42bd5
c509d8a84839ac130eadf08bbff83d5401575fb8
'2012-06-11T19:53:31-04:00'
describe
'2066224' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJG' 'sip-files00048.tif'
16eb632b6a483547a47723b534c6abf9
a9a233a6b46e3c79a384a37b1af91b36728695c8
'2012-06-11T19:45:47-04:00'
describe
'2010940' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJH' 'sip-files00049.tif'
6936c905de01a15b3df93bf8f6819e07
72dda0a0bab5ce7e643b98ae38e16d43457d7270
describe
'2005160' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJI' 'sip-files00050.tif'
9c201971bbe449c0f8ccee62e36d7d0d
46c325d27aa88392d96c19ce26df6ccd43bd3a90
'2012-06-11T19:53:35-04:00'
describe
'2117288' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJJ' 'sip-files00051.tif'
5c16fd1d7520b519baa65f5886740c19
febe0c31ca25a4c925b277464a4590877261b31d
'2012-06-11T19:52:40-04:00'
describe
'2007252' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJK' 'sip-files00052.tif'
449d01159d02a75ecd60013ec392dc47
756363853dbe9cce592e04bbd1eda7fc2cccdafb
'2012-06-11T19:51:10-04:00'
describe
'2027188' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJL' 'sip-files00053.tif'
fc4d8396f9037bedcb2a5fe57e36c30b
be070f4c5a647bd1788c2c963e75e4008cbb525a
describe
'1984628' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJM' 'sip-files00054.tif'
93883e76b3dab8eaa7d775d6d06748d0
4ff2bb8d1e5b07da890e84d12e6895b34ceecc70
'2012-06-11T19:50:14-04:00'
describe
'2007128' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJN' 'sip-files00055.tif'
fdbb6f34dd37f085fe4d081ca4e7d730
0bf952727d7428701526e4817ad3b3e08d0dc88f
describe
'2008456' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJO' 'sip-files00057.tif'
17230ab4ee18d44acb433abc82382f36
8ec231192fb72b430a6b4ee0af2a30f230f42542
describe
'2005380' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJP' 'sip-files00058.tif'
475a2906bbd22b30bf59f5aeb8b9d369
12fb1766a5416fa496372e53e7c1b94f3dfcbcab
'2012-06-11T19:50:16-04:00'
describe
'1959328' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJQ' 'sip-files00059.tif'
ead6fe24abfdb2c0980311e8701c114e
2b4d1fe92bb3b95949878f825c00bd2ac55f9237
'2012-06-11T19:55:49-04:00'
describe
'1975432' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJR' 'sip-files00060.tif'
8265cb00749366501f51284dc9e2d824
21ad68febeed2067a6e205cdfbe6be8e987642c8
'2012-06-11T19:48:29-04:00'
describe
'1951524' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJS' 'sip-files00061.tif'
5e9aca4258a1b5fcde189c6f633aa751
df2cc6198b89573b2d797cf5fb2fb0d3a5a569e5
'2012-06-11T19:48:56-04:00'
describe
'2021828' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJT' 'sip-files00062.tif'
9c29d3abe76cf8a8b3d90ec1f2cfe184
06780f5c78ab1b513bc05ab48d5daa8ccb4eccca
'2012-06-11T19:46:13-04:00'
describe
'1953624' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJU' 'sip-files00063.tif'
4c93339c7c78838d2308d35a3d7a581a
91735bb3fe44e5a4e967decdedb3f02cbb4c19ba
'2012-06-11T19:45:35-04:00'
describe
'2029824' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJV' 'sip-files00065.tif'
df041e18bfc388ea1f5c8982018ab73b
4371a93c618f455f5cb9e8867603d4f9fa4b115e
describe
'1982004' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJW' 'sip-files00066.tif'
4855fd03524b3fc8fbb1f9bc11d3f9cc
6f0e8d0cd2b43072d0b0a284657fdaa7abf64c30
'2012-06-11T19:48:15-04:00'
describe
'1977336' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJX' 'sip-files00067.tif'
1f975ad9a4f400a80fa89b334211e574
755adeae9e1756c556ecf65f49a105043cd5b697
'2012-06-11T19:46:50-04:00'
describe
'1925920' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJY' 'sip-files00068.tif'
8b5cd37e404bd367a889328c2cdd1f92
8f3d524baf8cef6b02fb15c605c487fd6b1cb9c2
describe
'2117792' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNJZ' 'sip-files00069.tif'
5540766eecf2ed5b082e12d007bb7680
324d2d8222de0c96010dcd5cb78de2f1c6f1dba2
'2012-06-11T19:49:25-04:00'
describe
'1972852' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKA' 'sip-files00070.tif'
f31659a27ac45fd75b347448812b6d83
27e0af1d176f5f973170e7d14fb96cad39d58d23
'2012-06-11T19:49:38-04:00'
describe
'2009052' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKB' 'sip-files00071.tif'
6e75298d5fae443e6a4c9658b1a84aab
da48a10a19a300bc835da2684b16af13c85fc6b3
describe
'1993056' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKC' 'sip-files00072.tif'
6e846073c795e970948d23f3b125d141
b1609a10b1975557ed846116113719324db68d7e
'2012-06-11T19:45:56-04:00'
describe
'2012920' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKD' 'sip-files00073.tif'
46c90e113cbfd1bfab0c782c8c99299d
9f991c2d7177916d85a1f034ff1345dd81861d21
describe
'1975180' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKE' 'sip-files00074.tif'
3d54a5115a9989809018d33c5103cf70
3c01dd4a3a64277ea68895ce44dffff2328b2888
'2012-06-11T19:54:16-04:00'
describe
'1999936' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKF' 'sip-files00075.tif'
8cf571ab4821e0e35d759d5d5820ff90
c2a3c47ea97f6534328d3d5aea362c70bcb24889
describe
'2058048' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKG' 'sip-files00076.tif'
5cf42292f94ebee393859512746c9922
1700dca1e8f976174315e93c28a659f89cf7561f
'2012-06-11T19:47:13-04:00'
describe
'1994384' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKH' 'sip-files00077.tif'
770d6d9c510dc85eba0ca7f0b45dc1c8
ff7eb41468ee93c2c26f8579dc5bf3a19decbc59
'2012-06-11T19:53:51-04:00'
describe
'2003092' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKI' 'sip-files00078.tif'
d184d9b2996be786c3feba76f8eabc04
1554b3adb0f715c8f63b1475c40531260e871e1a
'2012-06-11T19:52:26-04:00'
describe
'1973044' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKJ' 'sip-files00079.tif'
e7421bdd8ffb655e7e4bcfd854b03680
d2473c95b392fe48fb524722b4f0af5ed617fcfd
'2012-06-11T19:45:44-04:00'
describe
'2015008' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKK' 'sip-files00080.tif'
0f1cd7825d6dcf58560bc9824adaa8c6
981fe7c3651a50ebf8951165ef1b655f3d762a69
'2012-06-11T19:50:39-04:00'
describe
'2002320' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKL' 'sip-files00081.tif'
080c6e83fb095e3e55c03c0b47ba1311
de137143fe4bc9f593fb5cc308a2303396950641
describe
'1961748' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKM' 'sip-files00082.tif'
522928787c81da0cc1f12644069d3fc4
bf49b0ebb826444f7e9138d4569c08a7780b5376
'2012-06-11T19:46:51-04:00'
describe
'2117508' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKN' 'sip-files00083.tif'
1f01e64834dafec191ed5b116c0c5fc5
f7d5f412e4bf85bf42bedbf7ef209db44226f2cb
'2012-06-11T19:48:39-04:00'
describe
'2061632' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKO' 'sip-files00084.tif'
4ed5fca490538ae3e4139e0a16166195
a271a61e7c8d452d64be44df617138a189f9ac39
'2012-06-11T19:52:05-04:00'
describe
'2015836' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKP' 'sip-files00085.tif'
e7815029166251c16e878cb6d5a8f4a1
0d143196c51bfa8ffa1b979ebcd628ee9459c4fe
'2012-06-11T19:51:24-04:00'
describe
'2058348' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKQ' 'sip-files00086.tif'
dba9d6158a6b38f5cd7db04299a2a186
371ea9b28a93fa17515e1e76b68a7e5ba22c4c9a
'2012-06-11T19:50:18-04:00'
describe
'2117440' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKR' 'sip-files00087.tif'
d1da2148cd2ed38131364b6402b83a35
24c72cde9397e21af6629483732c978fdb606119
'2012-06-11T19:49:10-04:00'
describe
'2117076' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKS' 'sip-files00089.tif'
5e4deb688a2ad2a4420f1888bd5bef31
5b80c86f637e5a3d81d2f9a6589c6b8302ca501c
'2012-06-11T19:51:57-04:00'
describe
'1976708' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKT' 'sip-files00090.tif'
2297fb5f8f99542dace0f5e576c59371
243f2633c3823b889c15aacbb8edd29a411d46c9
'2012-06-11T19:47:01-04:00'
describe
'2020820' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKU' 'sip-files00092.tif'
d2783891ce0232591a0a93f642baaeae
d107e534f6cc507c3f029213679f6d4b00cb6f96
'2012-06-11T19:50:28-04:00'
describe
'2069532' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKV' 'sip-files00094.tif'
826273b9bd92c4284bca331cc0e9f457
a733c9f8ff2a84133c40e993079c2bc57bd492f4
'2012-06-11T19:55:28-04:00'
describe
'2116228' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKW' 'sip-files00095.tif'
e75a6a5b1a1a5cc1eafb82bf9af73e2c
0b270451e912b8bb186de38e3b078821273e1e86
'2012-06-11T19:54:33-04:00'
describe
'2139160' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKX' 'sip-files00096.tif'
6cfeb1c762e6acec64b5d19bbe8b1629
13c14231013555561a7df4740c677f554e58b541
describe
'2117640' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKY' 'sip-files00097.tif'
70df9d3eba41f418e2eb1524aec7833e
9a49b5d01418b8695a770f94d1c3507261882ccf
describe
'2039128' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNKZ' 'sip-files00098.tif'
7451f7f38b44361ca8e65266cd6812bd
d9b7aaafc2d54b53aef414d598b1d97366256849
'2012-06-11T19:47:44-04:00'
describe
'2116508' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLA' 'sip-files00099.tif'
e43b30409fc58605bdbbad74377cea42
a870613dc5cb8537eb1f25f8549c1458233ceaa6
describe
'1915976' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLB' 'sip-files00100.tif'
e380df32e83e2f4480adf95abfb2aa5e
549f7b6769da5a0c0b3fde76114f2260f9cabc70
describe
'2117620' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLC' 'sip-files00101.tif'
8d28e96f9e367c6311c89015d6c1795d
d3ea3201b928991338d3c8c08c34cee2146c0f40
describe
'1990776' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLD' 'sip-files00102.tif'
6086d2197e8242bba7c8b19bd91610dd
fd7bbd9e352ae8de62c15d0c34d1476a1df45df5
describe
'2003124' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLE' 'sip-files00104.tif'
2bbe3a8dcbf1245eb41d57af39f97834
8dd0047cfb7b387bba286a56185c43aa6637c378
'2012-06-11T19:54:03-04:00'
describe
'1966740' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLF' 'sip-files00105.tif'
4883f415304fb582a30203cfdb5bfd1d
dbafde4d7648fd15b1360af8f025be0a6e1795de
'2012-06-11T19:45:37-04:00'
describe
'2043096' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLG' 'sip-files00106.tif'
d7a44b63ec1fadd5e94ee59a30a845b3
aad38226998fdcb30cf6501e5349659767c40fd3
describe
'1958232' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLH' 'sip-files00107.tif'
b2beb66f7abea65ce613965a0556c0dd
bf3e9044ed98907d5cf09758598cd8bc7831fd00
describe
'2045764' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLI' 'sip-files00108.tif'
6d3e23dcc538a4ac0c6b77dcd2f024e4
94d4048a2dd1aa8eadc5658500d438511168ab34
'2012-06-11T19:46:18-04:00'
describe
'2028736' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLJ' 'sip-files00110.tif'
20dc4afe278d5733469637e1205a4569
c9ae4cbf3883a77461ffeaeb669bb4f47b74837e
describe
'1992988' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLK' 'sip-files00111.tif'
3d2221e824c00bd2d1efd78ed1b176aa
4f99abea53eea1cb8e5d86ba7ec6f0cf3e405bdf
describe
'1995136' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLL' 'sip-files00112.tif'
d696152f679d05216399f7e528e61343
baa56d1d038eeb45f1edac0bf9de5d074987d5cb
describe
'1985216' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLM' 'sip-files00113.tif'
c6a90988ba16aba4748b4f99e254c530
3753dfa98a4e3b296d1d034f89034d3cf652110a
'2012-06-11T19:49:45-04:00'
describe
'1962752' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLN' 'sip-files00114.tif'
c62540df9fbba155e56f6e9f4b1763a6
f6b84800c4a6e525ab14f2d01b139886df64ba0c
describe
'2011684' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLO' 'sip-files00115.tif'
fa16d8340b6e77a3d59d2cb9af2c3bcc
34d916c25bf874b51d99b4b265c421736d1dbb1b
describe
'2055640' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLP' 'sip-files00116.tif'
8768ae7e88e660d45cb092a3455a753c
676cd1a12436de73469ef23e5ef18e0d39738016
describe
'2117568' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLQ' 'sip-files00117.tif'
a427b4674e959d4c68f66169820098fc
3834394bc93e95f1e552b8a576c418f9dfb41d15
'2012-06-11T19:46:02-04:00'
describe
'1968572' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLR' 'sip-files00119.tif'
0326e6fc7a24f9716cac1f2f09a70c9d
f8d0f80b915318a0a97faee3139e4896504f9ec0
'2012-06-11T19:48:14-04:00'
describe
'1971456' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLS' 'sip-files00120.tif'
c5763729d4ca151afde888d8f193ac73
ef33f8d12bd230bec35baad7a0703be405bb5eb6
'2012-06-11T19:48:47-04:00'
describe
'1989596' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLT' 'sip-files00121.tif'
dc7c70e3825cb3328bb4086c522a6fd5
cd455330ef1d88039a3b9743a2c8e0e1241eba10
describe
'2042472' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLU' 'sip-files00122.tif'
0db9efec5c63a4d86d4adc83316e7e4e
70c8fab610329ddd9c58720b8ce5ea57202e6df0
'2012-06-11T19:50:02-04:00'
describe
'2112688' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLV' 'sip-files00123.tif'
b9d9aed071e91c5e7450b1197bdbd921
8a5da279ba595994d3f3ca536e582cfee9508f9b
'2012-06-11T19:46:25-04:00'
describe
'2239700' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLW' 'sip-files00124.tif'
3ccd080eb808c9e4a27abc85e396fcb8
d6aa462308bc8608e7b15ba3dea7e588970e0949
describe
'6855184' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLX' 'sip-files00125.tif'
50d27cf5be7ccc2e98936d97851374df
844eaf0d7a4763396b135761771a3081945799ae
'2012-06-11T19:50:06-04:00'
describe
'6653540' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLY' 'sip-files00126.tif'
5b4fc6dad4e262f7d7aacf20d427e145
33ff5722a2a0da04925031466137deb07da32826
describe
'3328' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNLZ' 'sip-files00002.pro'
78531dc10955ef59b3090a4a8221d194
84b26578a2e5ae9c1e3b1baa75ec1bb44f258470
describe
'692' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMA' 'sip-files00002a.pro'
c34773eeed4231d36a34a4c2594b2eb9
955f109a75660fc28120869d9609c409d0e24afc
'2012-06-11T19:45:34-04:00'
describe
'341' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMB' 'sip-files00003.pro'
8f10a9f8457937f42c46a21c013ca445
9cd7d1a6f87e9261834bd394f09d035d2890dc57
describe
'1922' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMC' 'sip-files00004.pro'
d6e2ef1eb1694403a648c2c5a26c05d2
dae72d31451d2b1bdd1a8722d9814576c041db35
'2012-06-11T19:49:32-04:00'
describe
'1005' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMD' 'sip-files00005.pro'
f5faf9cf2be260ea51052891e937cbb1
ab731717e22c8c875d0c4b55fdd04191b8dacfb5
describe
'4637' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNME' 'sip-files00006a.pro'
f296d0adbdc3e0fcc92fca99a350c4c8
dc0b6a10bb12d9c2209800ac18f96ce25ece53e0
describe
'19313' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMF' 'sip-files00007.pro'
cf8e9d819b2912afad47f189e04056fd
c8eec1adc781ff90ee06a35c56d028a728c7543c
describe
'17038' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMG' 'sip-files00008.pro'
a9fe364c14ad72c056a3176c11608c08
f875b753628690fa3b4cb42c20836a48d27453e9
describe
'209' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMH' 'sip-files00010.pro'
3f47b4feb4b776f7d30b1dfc43a79a0c
3366d3c2e3f3331f3fb2d36e30a57741346d3e1f
'2012-06-11T19:49:50-04:00'
describe
'16353' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMI' 'sip-files00011.pro'
955a9ac14725648e47d40c109f30eeac
72599092e4f0f2a3e9d94c1e353698f9543f5d25
describe
'30852' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMJ' 'sip-files00013.pro'
f50415d8243e5dca84ba258125fdba79
d715269deeb3a95ea444961c49a9a901f516a184
describe
'31892' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMK' 'sip-files00014.pro'
1c1f0602e641ec4512b2446a34ed8149
ffa422355e3b5510d5bb9c950c4eb824ef7c1540
describe
'32172' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNML' 'sip-files00015.pro'
b15328aa5e0eba9a8daab587b3c65402
7821c8b70f2045781ed2785c592814491427a545
describe
'32384' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMM' 'sip-files00016.pro'
a9d8c4d3ba15fae787f8d805e1b945d2
915de1e5b849ef754d4fd2398f45b584111a93b4
'2012-06-11T19:51:27-04:00'
describe
'29397' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMN' 'sip-files00017.pro'
0915d077ea44dd169453ab20b3776dbe
10260946350d5ec401923e6fb29536bdd48f570e
describe
'11751' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMO' 'sip-files00018.pro'
deea66e3362fa31dc75731ac69de9b6d
e73019d030b56212f463c0ecd7254e979a3b978e
describe
'31087' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMP' 'sip-files00019.pro'
a114bd4ae96060d710426a38fe7a2a2e
ef6149b7d2b4e0fe290430b5005ec7c3b470fd36
'2012-06-11T19:45:38-04:00'
describe
'20984' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMQ' 'sip-files00020.pro'
3b87b3940648875573c2d2242b020aad
249d0faabfeccf8bd9526d4e03bd4fb17ba10b07
'2012-06-11T19:49:19-04:00'
describe
'30148' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMR' 'sip-files00021.pro'
b0895f845d8894966ac6d44244d1f2c2
a721a54e7c99a75dccadafd3a45f2da0cbc7b794
describe
'11639' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMS' 'sip-files00022.pro'
8df9aebe1f9d0a650ae56ecbe964144c
ac7c72149a66235e0a47b84c91dd5a17dbfa3789
'2012-06-11T19:51:30-04:00'
describe
'31909' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMT' 'sip-files00023.pro'
dea588424046f72e8db66cc046ca740c
aa9199f50ae2b7b1d0055adf1f729a063c0fa03f
describe
'32647' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMU' 'sip-files00024.pro'
97d1c3788670f2f7089882389bdb20d2
faf28f63163d013802cf4e6c02f40e54ae0c154a
'2012-06-11T19:52:44-04:00'
describe
'29455' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMV' 'sip-files00025.pro'
7e7b3329b4ba03798dfbe61d906db437
0d724dc2bc2d5aa39144090cc52a02804a463c8b
'2012-06-11T19:47:17-04:00'
describe
'28993' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMW' 'sip-files00026.pro'
bc9f3d1e80de4f6442a692c4e198b349
aff109f4c4e55f5ead1280be01533b2886b6ce8c
describe
'30561' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMX' 'sip-files00027.pro'
b438651360b80e0e97730e48383b96b3
87a6c3675147cf8015e4abc7496847e2db11fac0
describe
'30962' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMY' 'sip-files00029.pro'
64349e9c58dfb01b942caf757f80eca3
8b3e42d499787172426da98240eee1b2033eb105
'2012-06-11T19:46:19-04:00'
describe
'13770' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNMZ' 'sip-files00030.pro'
dc2364b54ec173318ce2cffeacf37be0
ce5caef9851214eb4eade3a9eeae191b483ffd0c
'2012-06-11T19:52:41-04:00'
describe
'12401' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNA' 'sip-files00031.pro'
1a8e9a3d3a922e4a2958ca6b714d36f3
29921224690eefbec0551c16cefc864f794a6336
'2012-06-11T19:50:45-04:00'
describe
'20225' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNB' 'sip-files00032.pro'
b83fadfe5a56e489179df8184c67c20a
8b704e20c2b72fe3c4f84c50f4b652192b04c148
'2012-06-11T19:49:39-04:00'
describe
'29837' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNC' 'sip-files00033.pro'
d2482f90874e55ff0602aa0fec013740
2e50e60b5d68f73b904e8731416ab45e92cc79cc
'2012-06-11T19:50:46-04:00'
describe
'33399' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNND' 'sip-files00035.pro'
6bd492bbba6495f5b0ee24e4f1f29fd9
7288bc71c842d6d6e2faa79cf583462a94ff90b6
'2012-06-11T19:52:11-04:00'
describe
'29213' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNE' 'sip-files00036.pro'
fa5468064cb5ccc8bbf3c6525f01fbb9
c766c880891ee1d9766e6a89de3a8e7304b3c7be
describe
'18471' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNF' 'sip-files00037.pro'
0712523e76d0fa54b7471ab840d1ae2c
6c732e87a517f3c8dcb49cf42b9eac01d29aa714
describe
'14298' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNG' 'sip-files00038.pro'
978b6e64527715e61def739743b3a417
f5f35750f062e884138f799e24d54490e301802e
describe
'24002' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNH' 'sip-files00039.pro'
9a5bb6542148e2e75cbaa5a8c9874919
27f325d9ec6bdd3ba3f4b5254e6f99a748daf0de
'2012-06-11T19:49:18-04:00'
describe
'29367' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNI' 'sip-files00041.pro'
13ffde15483b4536ed95e23b4c798fe8
f39c684878d2987e5a32a97a7ad733bdb87b9466
describe
'32111' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNJ' 'sip-files00042.pro'
d93f1ee8f7bd2f937cdc39fd9083e3a9
100d79489fada1f7bffc16c2d45e998932a6111f
describe
'31829' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNK' 'sip-files00043.pro'
ad8e08228b978328d847646ba2e015a5
d6304267bbcf841ab93b5f06d30b4bdc6e8f26ef
describe
'30952' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNL' 'sip-files00044.pro'
b37b5f75139fc9fde9b46bcfd88b7457
f8c9c312da51eb63a6a43eadedfe1f147a26f413
describe
'28115' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNM' 'sip-files00045.pro'
f8cbd3ba585673db9350d53d0c7aa381
0720be644d460b974c127c2c79faf3332040d9fc
describe
'15096' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNN' 'sip-files00046.pro'
1df7706edabf22fdfc0563909d1f0fe6
51783c0f50684d5a44e525a2616d34edaa7adcbe
'2012-06-11T19:49:37-04:00'
describe
'20904' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNO' 'sip-files00047.pro'
b36cb309cd3b191ae4c865070092a433
44e7e2179df616e7759fc62c95abf6e093e84bed
describe
'24603' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNP' 'sip-files00048.pro'
5ca7c9bafca6ac00374e2c70e6811dc7
ff5d3ba45dfe79934224f47d4affb261fd4a2e7d
'2012-06-11T19:52:25-04:00'
describe
'29926' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNQ' 'sip-files00049.pro'
de9c0ee0cc3abbe14be71787c843f3d6
484868011de9af7c1dbf3a31aeac63797b0ed9c4
describe
'30478' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNR' 'sip-files00050.pro'
2f8d33ea93aecf36239911f4fbbbd65d
48bde1bebc7b7b41fda1a9a36dc7d18281b5c0e3
describe
'30075' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNS' 'sip-files00051.pro'
e91878876cd5438096cb0b299259f00f
a26369b474a819a4abfa4777c6628574af8c48bc
'2012-06-11T19:54:24-04:00'
describe
'10471' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNT' 'sip-files00052.pro'
6d34444acec215342345d5f0087be6b4
8b6af31315b8bf7ea7105b1899f9a61b83f09740
describe
'30395' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNU' 'sip-files00053.pro'
87097e312850f57aa7bc173ab91ab531
b96f25c6b02ac1c8651964004b1f6fe75d7eebb5
describe
'29264' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNV' 'sip-files00054.pro'
21e25c62865a5e95b8170f0cb2c4d908
799eb62762fbc800771f0d5dff5e1b3f6d6fa5c4
'2012-06-11T19:54:39-04:00'
describe
'30054' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNW' 'sip-files00055.pro'
04ca5b43043f16ba89db8556eb655cb9
c0ee221181549fc58e21e35cb81b7eec76af72d4
describe
'6310' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNX' 'sip-files00056.pro'
e3fa7ba404c78049025b27e42bb58f94
0bb29727e22d46996161f68d9daf2f00683a9794
describe
'30480' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNY' 'sip-files00057.pro'
fd64884404c1b4b6bcf1e9d8383bb9e4
775684aeaa446c5716ee6b8b628b2e000c7e9c80
'2012-06-11T19:46:32-04:00'
describe
'27313' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNNZ' 'sip-files00059.pro'
9f163cf9bffb94d3543972cb7603ed1c
f27cccc9de3907eb2a5fd461601591ff97a5ad7d
'2012-06-11T19:47:58-04:00'
describe
'22283' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOA' 'sip-files00060.pro'
b7e8f5d664f9530923cb2c355e3cbeab
05f8d7c5346f0704ec1a53eb6d4b084b2727de8f
describe
'28969' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOB' 'sip-files00061.pro'
e87ef4454cbbc5f4838dcd938504a94b
ae79c1f6bba26ab0fd2c86df644e1002d2c57781
describe
'27334' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOC' 'sip-files00062.pro'
c53febabb15eaa6396ddf8078a0fe67c
6f521421a19450c9f57054d864677ba0c51765eb
'2012-06-11T19:51:17-04:00'
describe
'29529' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOD' 'sip-files00063.pro'
455f2def4f5571c588917c704216d892
249b1b3ce80fb330b876304d8fc0735601ae9af2
'2012-06-11T19:48:38-04:00'
describe
'31393' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOE' 'sip-files00064.pro'
a547bc3f52478520ca5055834124c4c4
9101fac64e0b45effd439e8f970a714f0138513b
describe
'18024' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOF' 'sip-files00065.pro'
a85ad4eced0ff92ebabdcdc70cec217d
5b628b63cc79a01c7172d7b16b3e3120b8523719
'2012-06-11T19:50:57-04:00'
describe
'30196' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOG' 'sip-files00066.pro'
9df519f94a2b51802bc819780e23c3ec
2448bf0b75216684d447fc5fdd5c32eb3ffc5201
'2012-06-11T19:50:58-04:00'
describe
'31023' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOH' 'sip-files00067.pro'
03dfb9eb0b0493ae452e032b56e18c78
ccf95319b15e17862a1d67e72ebf00ebfe43d248
'2012-06-11T19:49:27-04:00'
describe
'29328' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOI' 'sip-files00068.pro'
c71f4ed573e080ccbcd394ecf6a620ca
39f417b01da8168e6c67fae77b4742da202f66c2
'2012-06-11T19:50:29-04:00'
describe
'29706' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOJ' 'sip-files00069.pro'
66bcf0c161cd4ceba9dcf998e01179d6
3d478ca85574e55b67be3351df5ad4def72fb567
describe
'29792' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOK' 'sip-files00070.pro'
180c75ad28636244adb863a0ba626b86
0e81bb4e8fa2c2dbc29101660ca333b3d9423b6d
describe
'31339' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOL' 'sip-files00071.pro'
aced334615a5bb4fe735635499840548
717682952761b3f3751ff9c5cdbf9fa915ca1d2f
'2012-06-11T19:51:45-04:00'
describe
'27867' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOM' 'sip-files00072.pro'
c9ca4aacffbb6fda90cf14352523865f
e590452a4498b3092299c437b66ed170670e1e86
describe
'29043' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNON' 'sip-files00073.pro'
43aa4c091e2f0e2154cf46b15d0ec14b
1ca723d3b99f810def2a2054366ede9360aa787e
'2012-06-11T19:53:24-04:00'
describe
'16072' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOO' 'sip-files00074.pro'
c7af44f065348613c2dcbdb8f488fd51
943298494de902c597fbd9164da8b29e8f4835aa
describe
'28710' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOP' 'sip-files00076.pro'
95fbe8ac72a2bdc9983394468f63650b
800717b4043b1fe5ac66bfa2e931f5bb50bced5b
describe
'14553' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOQ' 'sip-files00077.pro'
23a1d4a832ffca6679801d279359ff8e
b8dcea189cc4c285bff03a6d1277ef66ef8d641d
'2012-06-11T19:47:52-04:00'
describe
'32902' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOR' 'sip-files00078.pro'
0cd6f28bc69fd134c9830129469b6094
d4f011fd9bc72b11e68f45e170d352da4e14d5d2
describe
'31184' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOS' 'sip-files00079.pro'
f1a3eb2e6ee3133cc69ca69357db49c4
9c5dd5d5f3f1580de1fad1955e1bf0b9b2a3cd6e
describe
'32062' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOT' 'sip-files00080.pro'
0127ba1445cf38735b12c7eb4126d000
ddfc7fad793bb480681c0fb19df00c7730b7f1dd
describe
'31787' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOU' 'sip-files00081.pro'
f40ad548c5eb0bdf84e4b0a6856d4b26
071b649953500906746c0f7ed49fe75a12b40e77
describe
'31747' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOV' 'sip-files00082.pro'
56f9022f10942228d49a6cc93759a747
fefc32ccaa05f413592e67eaf5e098ebc2ac4bb2
'2012-06-11T19:53:55-04:00'
describe
'30133' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOW' 'sip-files00083.pro'
12d9de511a83ac717c21b82d1fb62c03
ac0801133085bff6f93b684a8777209016eb3f05
'2012-06-11T19:53:18-04:00'
describe
'32336' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOX' 'sip-files00084.pro'
63b0d2a36e35ae03fe0eeb147eb604a9
7b01724a7c33cd583b2cfcbddc8ab2c068e23f02
describe
'17165' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOY' 'sip-files00085.pro'
7dc07c2e57904c0eb2711db90cc07c9a
ea85d4054c6e3d00b7ef44bdcc1a6f6ce8de096a
describe
'30172' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNOZ' 'sip-files00086.pro'
bae7f1ec56dc02c1fd99c777d9064ab9
b70966e688fcd1927041be443fb884bf70ce1fe9
describe
'31775' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPA' 'sip-files00087.pro'
ef3f325a770eb0ccb731a8ce6876d7cc
7e7dfe3a29738c134c4f3aea40e4e02716a9dbea
'2012-06-11T19:54:44-04:00'
describe
'13262' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPB' 'sip-files00090.pro'
98edb50d2613e92ad175a52c02eeab50
1a4af960b5c2afdbf1101693bd1f048886f0b1e0
describe
'32836' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPC' 'sip-files00091.pro'
386c248a63a5a20dea3ee655805605b0
aac60f03a0ae8e5a3949998920bc498ea508bab1
describe
'30482' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPD' 'sip-files00092.pro'
c98ab9e6fcc17873179f912d200dc798
409c4714eb7b2270c29f86372cb661c137cabca4
describe
'31556' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPE' 'sip-files00093.pro'
83a5e5aa54df1dcb236378d4bbe6b470
62d6031d047f058941cec110bdd8bf2973db6e3e
describe
'32113' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPF' 'sip-files00094.pro'
f1958d729ffc426898e50f35317e9b32
136a6eb73085cfc6034d8517045c2ac5f8eceb44
describe
'12906' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPG' 'sip-files00095.pro'
18f87604caf682c0177fdd272142689e
82ac3e6ffe2f721a5b5b3a8acee1d967df8f2dd6
'2012-06-11T19:53:00-04:00'
describe
'21730' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPH' 'sip-files00096.pro'
6ae0ff59d48b6b68f6c9a680df276878
c15909e96dfc9eb38518ba8eaa41274960e5d1e6
'2012-06-11T19:47:27-04:00'
describe
'33518' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPI' 'sip-files00097.pro'
a0da4e7a0d5af180717a1f676dadddc2
745ffefaed04792dbd478779ae7be433eae0de94
'2012-06-11T19:51:32-04:00'
describe
'13202' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPJ' 'sip-files00098.pro'
ecbdc98c17021b3d3e5d55f89f142e90
607a1d058e122cee589e5e2c93f4d9a99ed93f21
describe
'13511' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPK' 'sip-files00099.pro'
d13b4181339de02f192895e186b70b96
8b16c7ba398b17000e18bb7b638bfc4ff35fcc61
describe
'30606' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPL' 'sip-files00100.pro'
cb164b057160bfd24988afb7603f1e7f
7d13421bb260ee2161ca657ba9ee0f932d1a071a
describe
'30559' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPM' 'sip-files00101.pro'
5306f6fe328d2da7fd026059c25b7a02
47e0b05d116dab9764e5ef80f384219990f6b7f9
describe
'29518' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPN' 'sip-files00102.pro'
3189c3e1836d5031161a4c39a0ae224e
86222e0397e36dce44458291a49f81da9456bb24
'2012-06-11T19:45:36-04:00'
describe
'30326' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPO' 'sip-files00103.pro'
f44d2fdc6b69bb3cd7151cc16bdad7b7
54417182f5b7777b5a0bf72912aeb1d01e0618bd
describe
'26774' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPP' 'sip-files00104.pro'
a73dfb9d50fe1a7f666f3314235315f3
9b90fd7dd874b95be985ca0a901d558f4fabb7d3
describe
'21365' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPQ' 'sip-files00105.pro'
bab0506023a99730203399a24c61d0a8
2dae5cae4207c70f632ae1bb9560772f6b9eb591
'2012-06-11T19:54:53-04:00'
describe
'31723' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPR' 'sip-files00106.pro'
f172c98a5ed2121fc13b9374412d9650
a6861dcc9992071d4442c21fb5319e5219be6289
describe
'13294' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPS' 'sip-files00107.pro'
63d90a9f9dd3555f89a353f1c1a14de2
edcb2994d836602f7d588fad9ae9a7cc0686bf84
describe
'31421' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPT' 'sip-files00109.pro'
9e9de8b0ecb2194151442d2c087709be
8700dc144e870457a5e3dcb0aa847337f50fc782
describe
'29665' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPU' 'sip-files00110.pro'
5f893559a72ea6508efd40fae9ca20f8
4363b1c1bf348e2d7e8cf79081f4e2392de731d6
describe
'31901' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPV' 'sip-files00112.pro'
9842ec9a583b787e7c6a7a9a713d715b
7b81717ac138f723bc0228137827aba8a0dd44bb
describe
'31156' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPW' 'sip-files00113.pro'
276e2f0ff351fac4a5672136d70f3773
436fc76aa1f3822b8785bf3e4a25ccd554c30a42
'2012-06-11T19:52:35-04:00'
describe
'32138' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPX' 'sip-files00114.pro'
6beb8981de9043250fb50c55f5da1491
20e14e18a5048996dded57ed39345c47574f6efe
'2012-06-11T19:49:23-04:00'
describe
'31581' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPY' 'sip-files00115.pro'
d78ffe70d34c1344a446171bccdc46bc
7a54526c40520dbe115499a4b7c511eab4abd093
describe
'30746' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNPZ' 'sip-files00117.pro'
ef0167c63d4010160e066e216ad32c29
acb1e68a7963b0a98fbee97a92d8174cd3630f67
'2012-06-11T19:51:52-04:00'
describe
'31289' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQA' 'sip-files00119.pro'
c77a1822c039a5ec10cfaed8a798be45
50232194e2d237f9978cd877ccd57925bb06ce3c
describe
'31539' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQB' 'sip-files00120.pro'
960092fb35b0cfb8e456e280882fc0cf
6dfed12166b9a1ccaf62a28064f312dd3a00babe
describe
'22368' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQC' 'sip-files00121.pro'
4c543dcdd764a474c68c64f911c83a01
44a8e6a9172f9e5717550861b8a1d251224e03e0
'2012-06-11T19:55:14-04:00'
describe
'15155' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQD' 'sip-files00122.pro'
e708ef7065a066e61bd301701daccfe2
a47c09e9b331c7fa1aaa081ee4d1130b377f8e2e
'2012-06-11T19:51:16-04:00'
describe
'291' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQE' 'sip-files00123.pro'
b2d70e303cdff0674c0d7f79b48582a7
cf77f1f532bc44cc5d5cee5911f6c791219d082a
describe
'817' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQF' 'sip-files00124.pro'
4d32a4480c1fb8606ac2d4107432bfa4
d0b8f07889beb775ce2c7b158ca3e38c2bf1967f
describe
'438' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQG' 'sip-files00125.pro'
51c3dbeb8776fa3630496abfa07c9089
667e2a237d9dabf6f64e1264a0f46c4ac0247c91
'2012-06-11T19:48:25-04:00'
describe
'581' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQH' 'sip-files00127.pro'
8f26f4f3fc2b8df23b6fd828a7817400
6f51543a1b8c885429862120c1e19aced0c095ae
'2012-06-11T19:46:09-04:00'
describe
'177' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQI' 'sip-files00001.txt'
b7ea09e9f1cf2b602f02985cabd5355d
d43e5e9e8a45cabc115fd238532b0c6a6881beb7
describe
Invalid character
'244' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQJ' 'sip-files00002.txt'
d262a1ad4ad7c8e44967bea45e83e220
f34532ed8015cec45b1da6c8cfbaa33a82661717
'2012-06-11T19:49:42-04:00'
describe
'89' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQK' 'sip-files00002a.txt'
98c66f69a1ff91143be2a9dc1085b11f
e33eb6f9d0f4dcc15990e88ffbf80273596f54f9
describe
'15' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQL' 'sip-files00003.txt'
649f2d52b2c75010a0718a34a7cb0be9
0bad0f7e5d57e845cd0042a0dc4708f92f85c16d
describe
'172' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQM' 'sip-files00004.txt'
aec7ddecb90d2300323124a9ce62cd20
3cad71affa896cf54658f643807df57903cfc33f
'2012-06-11T19:48:24-04:00'
describe
'88' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQN' 'sip-files00005.txt'
98d45e739bdecbb8731f54bbf236b00e
5cd3d3c426baa3598d1fb8263d25d30e3a0e7d6a
'2012-06-11T19:46:48-04:00'
describe
Invalid character
'315' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQO' 'sip-files00006a.txt'
533a6ce79e1c7737da5abf6c6f972c55
f276da3b032c8f0b4063188ef392e70b4074fa68
describe
'845' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQP' 'sip-files00007.txt'
c400c243ba924bb81b47d6504b7fa037
9ebb3f65f719d3cb29cddf52cb2daa0cf7b6e3bd
describe
'902' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQQ' 'sip-files00009.txt'
a2cb78180a8fb8d0e27872b79456d284
e19539e8a2813cd7d427080c8b7a193e755017f5
describe
'3' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQR' 'sip-files00010.txt'
bc949ea893a9384070c31f083ccefd26
cbb8391cb65c20e2c05a2f29211e55c49939c3db
describe
'768' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQS' 'sip-files00011.txt'
5f063735b0c1d27d873f539d9b894af6
3cbe1de5d7d5697cf7539990c6b42d7fccab898f
'2012-06-11T19:45:58-04:00'
describe
'646' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQT' 'sip-files00012.txt'
72ca609235cd9e139fdafcc64b55cf06
0b4dba50622dcd9dad044758ecf49005e17eadb0
'2012-06-11T19:53:02-04:00'
describe
'1262' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQU' 'sip-files00013.txt'
28b86436aad440b07dac7fa4ead24de4
6b64b14303bdb86fd60a00f72a5c71dde164542b
describe
'1273' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQV' 'sip-files00014.txt'
fa89f0f0624451acf091f98338f5888e
039e3939e856cbbefda1588ecb354a12377bbf77
describe
'1310' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQW' 'sip-files00015.txt'
17dc813f1dd4524b76267b8290f6befe
5221ce725a9d98b64e8a14ea7194420e4f4d1f33
describe
'1296' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQX' 'sip-files00016.txt'
d54462cf7575bc220471d799a4fd1072
94f2e37c0e7fecb1f9f8bc90c8cbfcc7722e27f4
'2012-06-11T19:47:48-04:00'
describe
'1208' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQY' 'sip-files00017.txt'
e07fa2ee424ad963c71fa6557a24fcda
34eeb8f3775046d5ee3972114422918279dad20d
'2012-06-11T19:47:30-04:00'
describe
'1350' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNQZ' 'sip-files00019.txt'
4bd3b4cf081d8584ae11f35b2ae4e95d
8e570d124192b46b53e27098996d42a3f4da042f
'2012-06-11T19:52:38-04:00'
describe
'943' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRA' 'sip-files00020.txt'
9555c6543496a31255d546cd54ee0831
2e4f2015950a8f9662c4b7008f6c0150afa6be60
describe
'1282' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRB' 'sip-files00021.txt'
d3b25a1469f0edde7721ed8053d9398f
e2d0ebb56587c4184f90c36038bf00c1a3104bf1
describe
'567' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRC' 'sip-files00022.txt'
348c9227a8cd2dadf78c29ae0c1bddac
4193210a657a5e2d3a1950ccfe12ea7a99d2692b
describe
'1299' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRD' 'sip-files00023.txt'
a7027b8dbd54e0ef1b211edb150a61b1
7983355014b17a39f94b1f1a460398b9c8472a22
'2012-06-11T19:45:48-04:00'
describe
'1306' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRE' 'sip-files00024.txt'
22b005d8ede8942002bd753124edcc80
fded80cc5654cbe7f9ab8e899e6f850fa28bf881
describe
'1182' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRF' 'sip-files00026.txt'
1ab6c4279aea97ae4699cfe518bb5456
ef75df77a0e466a7ed27c868d3877b5ac0148bd1
'2012-06-11T19:48:10-04:00'
describe
'1249' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRG' 'sip-files00027.txt'
ac908c77ed657b9c0222fadc70f06e0a
3f5c48ff7675ae5a7010f52142da7cd9faf75ae4
describe
'1224' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRH' 'sip-files00028.txt'
e9e30092c501896043251960886cfb91
cc96da10ade6adeb93c582b2a224e7791afaa6d2
'2012-06-11T19:47:41-04:00'
describe
'1259' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRI' 'sip-files00029.txt'
83b5e8bc292237a0c104f73ba2f43e22
4b948d5b90c9b68ce34bc57c1f3a9a641d24a4c9
describe
'655' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRJ' 'sip-files00030.txt'
0ec534186f853328f207d564ce790e2a
fdb3728026ba1ad10cf01d610da14bcba32c2010
describe
'625' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRK' 'sip-files00031.txt'
571f71b6c9d22f0df32b30f95c858576
a9aa62654cd1b886d6dabd57d095b0b05a078053
describe
Invalid character
'905' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRL' 'sip-files00032.txt'
1c442514d8d6bbb13437bcb77b725677
29d8aa8c0539030a69261494f9493d8de0a5719f
describe
'1265' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRM' 'sip-files00033.txt'
3f797c59baeeead81a9c64db087e38c5
6308bf56356e05bff202eb2a9068aea2834fbbef
'2012-06-11T19:48:59-04:00'
describe
'1271' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRN' 'sip-files00034.txt'
3bfe843a296ee5a57340ff2c94e6a5a1
027d64a45ecb3c17bb5b9b09e77a23ac8eeaf91c
describe
'1367' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRO' 'sip-files00035.txt'
fb7fbcbc1a479931a350ee69ba8a3764
e0612da175249ee0dd5c31f3bcf3beb2ea570404
'2012-06-11T19:46:17-04:00'
describe
'1216' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRP' 'sip-files00036.txt'
75a9476071a33221e6a29522be1f670a
b0591b9569c46bb33ad6638c8e3cecce8ba90842
describe
'833' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRQ' 'sip-files00037.txt'
bf21e40d478e943e5ae24ff4abd7ee46
85e1fbd3cdb978cf176d2665e899d532d6156237
describe
'643' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRR' 'sip-files00038.txt'
295935f918c51fe0f5afd4423479470d
7cf2cba37a2ddf155e34ca90a336880ec5a688ed
'2012-06-11T19:50:15-04:00'
describe
'1011' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRS' 'sip-files00039.txt'
c92dcc0f10449d3d03cbb7dcad67fbc5
36494ad59ce0f801fffdafa58d89364b17a4a8c6
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRT' 'sip-files00041.txt'
10ab2a48fdd6f63631f1093270675671
ed90acf006015930ed5b9896465f6a9c623659af
describe
'1284' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRU' 'sip-files00042.txt'
ef1166250b132eee765fc943c94f4555
21ed3d582e9d491c495d78b4236b61395368a7b1
describe
'1304' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRV' 'sip-files00043.txt'
43e01cdee121b53ae641afa4153a30db
7f25e7694d8729cd1aef9f6c4a013619881e3fb4
describe
'1237' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRW' 'sip-files00044.txt'
48b4683e509cc2fffe94d55068ff85d4
8deba75e1eb95a4cd78fc36d3d1a8acc6d28b592
describe
'1164' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRX' 'sip-files00045.txt'
e5ec84832661d1189f0e478638224603
7c828555c06eb6c7a84f094d504b4f5b963a944f
describe
'689' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRY' 'sip-files00046.txt'
f54dd1f7b9d7d969358726c62dc815fd
37efa22da6cd7a3cba098928572fc60eed2a62b8
'2012-06-11T19:45:20-04:00'
describe
'936' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNRZ' 'sip-files00047.txt'
662930421b36087f83bab51c2712c105
a855d23fd7bc0732e9e24e5afc7bb59e3b6e6154
describe
'1108' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSA' 'sip-files00048.txt'
eeb66e51044aa20bc0a0af2a1dbdb0e7
a7daad7e2295ad396fe21ab02907bb313739ba2c
'2012-06-11T19:45:31-04:00'
describe
'1270' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSB' 'sip-files00049.txt'
48045f26de0188bd735bd1eaff9ed921
f38e7a0856b5cdf89fd4d6dd3959747b3fd2835d
'2012-06-11T19:48:35-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSC' 'sip-files00050.txt'
ff979f81dced49487078eb7df879f96e
b26878e7367cae2705958c744f77eec9d837d95a
describe
'521' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSD' 'sip-files00052.txt'
3f5682b5e62f9f22b2f21f0e8d093384
e17f9bb515336ee9e367e775a994347047c98008
describe
'1286' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSE' 'sip-files00053.txt'
4464ca2a629ccaadee681e87673ed415
2bff96555da83ac54c915e8bb4e423f0a07f2f90
'2012-06-11T19:49:33-04:00'
describe
'1219' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSF' 'sip-files00054.txt'
62d6e3748058a21009bed4f010773df1
f5aacfb55e3c71f4ba4c9dfbad43cbc380daa436
'2012-06-11T19:50:26-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSG' 'sip-files00055.txt'
06f666e35d03f532d8c06f1ae4f3fd3b
25b3b04c79e6168bde4b7a7ebd02dfc1f99b6e0c
'2012-06-11T19:46:40-04:00'
describe
'363' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSH' 'sip-files00056.txt'
7f39a80a6524ae5cf502469b3c5055a7
0a461503f01dd3f6c311f4d529fd0ec849ab8899
describe
'1247' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSI' 'sip-files00057.txt'
ab383bff045394a11bf016723226f48a
2724c05c5de2f8f42eaf20c3e0626bb5bfd5d48b
'2012-06-11T19:48:11-04:00'
describe
Invalid character
'1252' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSJ' 'sip-files00058.txt'
b4de00b01a03b0b3372e2869d69aab44
a2504ea88409578ada4621c71e04deb8ca801bc0
'2012-06-11T19:52:32-04:00'
describe
'1161' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSK' 'sip-files00059.txt'
c77e2b341f3d19accfad8e6c1ac73ee3
e42220e937b262a9b1824bde6eac0f3b18a4d2a6
describe
'1014' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSL' 'sip-files00060.txt'
848bb3971321499e26109fff3c0038cc
6a85127f0e59d860dca49ddc13e97fa0beb700a3
'2012-06-11T19:48:43-04:00'
describe
'1285' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSM' 'sip-files00061.txt'
21c51ed01d2dbe0ec8d05e161d28e988
f70c3901e82617cd7b976134cc477b230d4bbc13
describe
'1153' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSN' 'sip-files00062.txt'
c35c9b9fe3b160eda545477da2759dc0
b4009468ec5370f4dbe03ff151003048f8d75ef8
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSO' 'sip-files00063.txt'
a2cbb3f9fa9d8c5d6aca20f0ed30be5e
a8f091c15a43c93e4795d314b49159e5af1c185e
'2012-06-11T19:51:35-04:00'
describe
'1260' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSP' 'sip-files00064.txt'
ed4740f725e3344e5d1f0229ba3bf5d3
65f1818b8c4711c3b7af8e27878d59dc1a6b984b
describe
'797' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSQ' 'sip-files00065.txt'
c28682d191585836a7cae6407fc1b936
5962829e941430512f9425ce8257bfa86daa8db2
'2012-06-11T19:51:46-04:00'
describe
'1218' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSR' 'sip-files00066.txt'
00a3739e4b7cfba67ac7e3ad33e44c97
4825e3020dd6b98179973a7a5d23ac9e1203050b
'2012-06-11T19:47:16-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSS' 'sip-files00067.txt'
7e7d9ba5f273faf650f887cfe4dee8b9
5566abd6a9e6390a4a9ca2cdacc957769e9df1c4
'2012-06-11T19:51:44-04:00'
describe
'1238' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNST' 'sip-files00068.txt'
b7e8e9f6f6e8c05df74fbd9a7e6a1c05
22401f18227fb50f755182eb2cdab6e9f3271881
'2012-06-11T19:46:31-04:00'
describe
'1263' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSU' 'sip-files00069.txt'
b940a1bac7df04314e47965d1a7f3f5f
f830356052e0fb8531415524a22d23960b1cbc9a
describe
'1258' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSV' 'sip-files00070.txt'
10cec8fbb277666da70bde230857c280
97c063765a7005904e55ac80aafd14e68196af9f
'2012-06-11T19:48:54-04:00'
describe
'1283' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSW' 'sip-files00071.txt'
8732a5197251bf4d77f3f0dae194324e
3afff48f7ef0a110fb7de37291c3c9c9c27b8163
describe
'1132' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSX' 'sip-files00072.txt'
55e9bd2293ed8ee7a62aa8d0ffc6815f
8b1d29ba5c38429b7f2df2ff382622b27174cc43
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSY' 'sip-files00073.txt'
3728256e2d9fcf7eb453d76b968be776
bb47c970ab44587b5a87a1c8312802f30b57e860
'2012-06-11T19:54:27-04:00'
describe
'696' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNSZ' 'sip-files00074.txt'
e3bbcf9c17f3143e76f9edd04964a13c
149bb0d39ba3fe0e6bea13a450313e1cfa4bc42d
describe
'997' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTA' 'sip-files00075.txt'
96e3785e1d2f901702f3ce22c00b3f59
a30c5ee4bf173b03796fffb36384eca45defc8df
describe
Invalid character
'1203' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTB' 'sip-files00076.txt'
53f4bf0cc089c9018b478f837b6db858
95e82eb0eacf4796891f90fc2813b13392e9e048
describe
'1318' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTC' 'sip-files00078.txt'
57d7552602c6e110ee8553e5a89c7d03
f24fc00391e8c08446846d8e3f7752182f4d34f4
describe
'1264' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTD' 'sip-files00079.txt'
5705b811a4a059cc588d4c3b543d5049
39503681e7599ecd8b0df9420dec2442ae9d60a0
'2012-06-11T19:49:00-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTE' 'sip-files00080.txt'
ddd03a72db81a2dfdd833426a44a0a17
19e241c5d115ad3731c2e2bb0d21cf10a59b6c80
describe
'1291' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTF' 'sip-files00081.txt'
7553fc7ac5b27a62348dc1947bd32a81
2ea4083b4f49f5a582ac2142a4f95eab97184d20
describe
'1279' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTG' 'sip-files00082.txt'
6aea593ad63638ee255fa3f3dde46389
46ff17c5db7054cefd07fb84685b141b4025d420
describe
'1246' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTH' 'sip-files00083.txt'
8c0233891a2960baf763a6ae37266886
9267cfb0d6782232268d7b7e2443550c2171400f
'2012-06-11T19:49:02-04:00'
describe
'1308' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTI' 'sip-files00084.txt'
ef1c40729c8c679c1c020208acd3dadf
f5f57acbea521212a1b33c8c47dbe603eb99736d
describe
'831' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTJ' 'sip-files00085.txt'
18b556938158139ad1440bc0752edc1d
3990e6c4bc84c114e06d80a920fa7a1761865fc9
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTK' 'sip-files00086.txt'
2817e0cf68e79aa27db23c5faf738f7f
da6cdbdf649d0e00b02530e6178d94fc216a9721
describe
'1317' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTL' 'sip-files00087.txt'
0d2f12461453a9dc133e28c21db53b89
6f853701d27b3d12b2042fb9c94ec75bb74ef45f
'2012-06-11T19:48:06-04:00'
describe
'1230' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTM' 'sip-files00088.txt'
ee8c165a76ada54d692f2e7bd88817f9
84934e2aab975b153771ef21ef4b9fd15f735037
describe
'627' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTN' 'sip-files00090.txt'
db03c79c25591c96285d989899b7058e
5db7402447382c571511a47d15cf59bc1d85d830
'2012-06-11T19:54:07-04:00'
describe
'1329' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTO' 'sip-files00091.txt'
ca7e30554fbdd86dc7419cfe05ea5513
7d7ed6133557eafbf789fc9b53518e5dd3e805f1
'2012-06-11T19:54:17-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTP' 'sip-files00092.txt'
94aae1066e7a395a33cfde4666276cb5
b1f49c8b6e222a520622cae653b3be6a5bd706c6
'2012-06-11T19:50:27-04:00'
describe
'1290' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTQ' 'sip-files00093.txt'
6684c64ecd94732dfde4a8eafa06c502
98c95bc81eebd2609c23966848f711bf4dda6c81
'2012-06-11T19:50:25-04:00'
describe
'1280' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTR' 'sip-files00094.txt'
8de7359180fd9b4284b27c8728167b4b
f88d96f0522c7754742a098bc884088882d3890b
'2012-06-11T19:53:07-04:00'
describe
'652' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTS' 'sip-files00095.txt'
ae624fe22bffbad2e901479dec8edfa4
2f3ea45c540d604975400068711e7196ab2f2786
'2012-06-11T19:51:14-04:00'
describe
'914' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTT' 'sip-files00096.txt'
de14d68734c700eeec917905c2230c55
2a63f38a315797bcec881f93d809d75a2743f2cf
'2012-06-11T19:51:41-04:00'
describe
'617' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTU' 'sip-files00098.txt'
ae3f133efa5d5377a10920c27d4ec6a0
077cff49785552482aa0d8656a1dff06dc38c332
'2012-06-11T19:49:01-04:00'
describe
'669' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTV' 'sip-files00099.txt'
c6c4259a2940eb619b32f19c7b5989c1
6b0f468f06219fb32c022e6c89dc2de6afb690f9
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTW' 'sip-files00100.txt'
b1a0e0fd761dfb04bf5254a467ecfffa
44dcdab93229611661fac7871cb3e08dc9b04697
describe
'1253' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTX' 'sip-files00101.txt'
6a7b3ba210bf3c8ee6715a8ee49dbe30
1dbc54ea6d5e1cb827c227d6c1a6f2a8c3f62d27
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTY' 'sip-files00102.txt'
085e783dd044098e7d93069dcf8d622f
fd9a0a00b11fde55a8fc04450c9cd29f13b50294
describe
'1287' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNTZ' 'sip-files00103.txt'
cad6d0150d450df6e3f039b428c83d6c
34335f91aa7451c536e439331d5a647bd65317c3
describe
'1131' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUA' 'sip-files00104.txt'
b74947174d8e08b1649e61d9c6622e2b
716c5b8bef96ab61f493c0154cd6795715fb992f
describe
Invalid character
'960' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUB' 'sip-files00105.txt'
72c2c7df364560a7dbe048fc1ce7b4b2
c4c3920e787943f1544b08053521b5fabbc5c893
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUC' 'sip-files00106.txt'
af61611669de2028bf9973ab5901e4b7
dd635262dbcae429b391a226ad11d6b3570e90af
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUD' 'sip-files00107.txt'
a124ec27665d343b6f5b250762dc8f3e
23d6093609a49de739b815042bb95182365683b7
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUE' 'sip-files00108.txt'
8395162571dc9c959eaf97e67138d422
e613bcfa83abb7834729aaedf8bbc9e4213c3691
describe
'1277' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUF' 'sip-files00109.txt'
9299163aa516c576fa6b80116ee2b6e2
18bf25a227cc0fd7ba3fabb62ac56544f7c203d3
describe
'1240' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUG' 'sip-files00110.txt'
02cb6fd28e1934a4ad78cdcfcbe2d08c
ae09f3615d264fb1dfee2fa60aa3f02f3116a5c7
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUH' 'sip-files00111.txt'
27d93d28e3cebc9756a19a3875e39d7b
cc22fd2a144326d4b8fd41897b409ce7d2f159bb
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUI' 'sip-files00112.txt'
accbe31ced56e37bd79c14737391f57a
bd492dff39ad0ad0afc6dcd61b5a5e5c883904bf
'2012-06-11T19:48:51-04:00'
describe
'1301' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUJ' 'sip-files00113.txt'
0402173dd7e87d815fef6b1a34605491
1494d9160084c433353660fdc6af3b92de039c4c
describe
'1289' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUK' 'sip-files00114.txt'
e17d0ac744ac4cd5320ab853d35ade3a
1aa58427ef2d5539b0af2a32501a0a1ea2b13d01
'2012-06-11T19:50:42-04:00'
describe
'1298' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUL' 'sip-files00115.txt'
4a228e0160cbffba8fc835e239bbf5a2
d4f44bf3c7f585eb14495a0784d3017b54bfd0e5
describe
Invalid character
'1232' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUM' 'sip-files00116.txt'
dab36513886d7974351214facedd316b
041146d419234a8f4264203bfde24e0f42b12f34
'2012-06-11T19:49:30-04:00'
describe
'1255' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUN' 'sip-files00117.txt'
dfcdc5793f4a8aeb0bbec7926d7e925d
3bcf9280fe0c475ef4a618d1ab67d71cf30d6a38
'2012-06-11T19:49:47-04:00'
describe
'801' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUO' 'sip-files00118.txt'
88d0a20f49f80672b3a4abe7be85f7a3
1495f3d46c02a358aecf9f8f96c6820e661e2f4d
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUP' 'sip-files00119.txt'
eb42066539d5bb3fa29b50b3564bfb10
6d4abbf69bcc15e5fb79afb9c0606cb8f281de96
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUQ' 'sip-files00120.txt'
1930f6f5a0d05440aa1e06ab663d760a
692b68f8be0738762379ea0971ea059c5c30a9f9
describe
'645' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUR' 'sip-files00122.txt'
5cc185a4fe40e8740f0f57d0472b2f69
80dcc3fd742166f65c85444363f8443bd7c8d6e9
'2012-06-11T19:55:13-04:00'
describe
'39' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUS' 'sip-files00123.txt'
9f95389692ca9e47073ba8d4b7126221
6850ea13f7b8b4ead90ba308c00fb628087e4f08
describe
'135' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUT' 'sip-files00124.txt'
6a1ad4a2309a3a82724ebd47d3f897f8
b46572c58ee575105fc1630d912cc4a58e13c3cc
describe
'24' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUU' 'sip-files00125.txt'
d3d10e80942a8e03906cb14e9c6168f1
5ab4f19b959153f2700ddbaf0b7008a5ff3e35e4
describe
Invalid character
'23' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUV' 'sip-files00126.txt'
377f644cdc159054b0c19e607567b02b
38f526b1a6ee97081b495d537cc23a67de94e35d
describe
'94' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUW' 'sip-files00127.txt'
6973021b0bfb327337c7ad84f23daacb
5e74462d5f7afe0ac89ec7431d9c2d2202b4c5fa
'2012-06-11T19:49:52-04:00'
describe
Invalid character
'27351' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUX' 'sip-files00001thm.jpg'
5c015014fa44c4eecc5ea624cb4bdaa5
9dfa3680735d79b44fdefb500c0d5777bba447ee
describe
'83357' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUY' 'sip-files00001.QC.jpg'
55c846a2ea299914f671e49f17fe3886
a0ac1a5f6f26b9a232be8154dbd1596c35f9279e
'2012-06-11T19:49:48-04:00'
describe
'65397' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNUZ' 'sip-files00002.QC.jpg'
2e74891906e3747c516dca5a79f52c03
5a628643d73e3cc3b28447fbb3968c45e7888cec
'2012-06-11T19:47:21-04:00'
describe
'27643' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVA' 'sip-files00002a.QC.jpg'
70ac45bce96c471fcbaab6404ec67fc0
25271d4674fbff899a39fae2c23eeabb7905a668
describe
'28716' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVB' 'sip-files00002thm.jpg'
201675a93517d9e7fcbfe80a8ef234f6
b17679592bb8d54c4e7052aad6203ef22105eac5
describe
'25382' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVC' 'sip-files00003.QC.jpg'
430dc1332f7eb470b342f6ab3288d4e2
a09aa169d1b2852b56778c6f23ad3f4a952fc9dc
'2012-06-11T19:53:23-04:00'
describe
'12070' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVD' 'sip-files00003thm.jpg'
92f8a0ffdaa5950e14df0c1f6e2ff6cf
5edc86df56dd2291b240ca1ee91e6912fc833f01
describe
'75226' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVE' 'sip-files00004.QC.jpg'
85ab38b60f1d9ee5bc84b0b7bdcf9c63
b7895760a88f5fbe8bf3c0e714bb07b80ab867b1
'2012-06-11T19:46:58-04:00'
describe
'60939' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVF' 'sip-files00005.QC.jpg'
83d95d57ae93106c0e96219cd64e64fe
93416a31234040b12e2e816b362319e154ff5c82
describe
'24668' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVG' 'sip-files00005thm.jpg'
fa41a64016132dba3c87892def65a900
8f9d6ef0299580a656402010c49580a047e6c0d0
'2012-06-11T19:49:26-04:00'
describe
'50359' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVH' 'sip-files00006a.QC.jpg'
73fc60e352e32607dd9e0369f8c60939
b7be5a70dae42dfdd6cd4049e6fc1162a2bb611f
describe
'22266' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVI' 'sip-files00006athm.jpg'
c4b86928654078eed9f3594f44590ca4
49b295d6aea126fdbb0f102b4bbbd82e8c74f044
describe
'66128' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVJ' 'sip-files00007.QC.jpg'
88d9f864d8045a777648d2caaff459fd
b1db3738d526f45973f6d1ea97429a1f33af0ecf
'2012-06-11T19:50:37-04:00'
describe
'24971' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVK' 'sip-files00007thm.jpg'
06b0ba823f6671b9a4f2e4a957cf25ab
7b6b297220b419e3a102f4edc56f64853b7f9b91
'2012-06-11T19:51:04-04:00'
describe
'59228' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVL' 'sip-files00008.QC.jpg'
84fb244f1407af7817c9120b8a474732
d4ead73fda7557681ca636341cf97377e95f1881
describe
'46150' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVM' 'sip-files00009.QC.jpg'
0311d3fa19262b843158e34c16545424
0e5accaffddfc759da3b88fc94f1cc40de4273eb
describe
'19520' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVN' 'sip-files00009thm.jpg'
8c8e868bdb5ca247dde191788d77e4bd
09d91539dbc9b8d6c07b63fe9cee4a2b59acd382
describe
'23357' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVO' 'sip-files00010.QC.jpg'
f6caa007ce68c1faddc63a3c4ddc7e11
81fc1e5994214e61a64dd8d7ddd42807783d587d
'2012-06-11T19:49:21-04:00'
describe
'11485' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVP' 'sip-files00010thm.jpg'
e58747c28893f3596280fee869527951
66137e375c3d1b6ce04a9f29c45db02c2b5a9a3c
describe
'28350' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVQ' 'sip-files00011thm.jpg'
2540980a8970d488dc8113cc88bdb18e
6b1b7b478b924d7a691f116dbe71134262346672
describe
'74302' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVR' 'sip-files00012.QC.jpg'
49873301d1a3fcd4fdb8c129f61036c2
eb85c8383ddf5f115459584743ec7feaf9c1293e
'2012-06-11T19:46:56-04:00'
describe
'29510' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVS' 'sip-files00012thm.jpg'
ee37c2246402a3f13066495e57b088c7
da9dff3b566d04600ca6b71dacb080d09801ad1b
describe
'84676' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVT' 'sip-files00013.QC.jpg'
9d5ba1d1ba0eeb5403baf7f1cc87198f
8d1d65fa5a22ad8d5af327a9f3f0801e5a9aac38
'2012-06-11T19:51:23-04:00'
describe
'30995' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVU' 'sip-files00013thm.jpg'
ba70f08f24c88b32cd43c7919a37b561
f9e2ffe408fe0b1e059f78b94d2263b86d934c44
'2012-06-11T19:50:12-04:00'
describe
'84717' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVV' 'sip-files00014.QC.jpg'
b0bbaae757f64496817454bdedd66c31
48a02f4c9170af69783424ff2e7b73ccadab4f5f
describe
'30650' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVW' 'sip-files00014thm.jpg'
3b88df2801a877b8422cadcd63801ba8
f18adcd14cb54f97419551898aa7db80be911fe5
'2012-06-11T19:47:19-04:00'
describe
'83857' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVX' 'sip-files00015.QC.jpg'
7290a3af732d82b9ab2c5aea759c5d05
3dac504fa97aa3c34b6c348738383c7eb2577367
describe
'30533' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVY' 'sip-files00015thm.jpg'
945769590199f70eca95b97d1677c453
5c61c483672e9ed688a19f8621025b7108f80ffb
'2012-06-11T19:52:20-04:00'
describe
'82886' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNVZ' 'sip-files00016.QC.jpg'
e5364a68ee6e3cff80423ee44db9844c
e9ca8a9d16d2b40d3920f93521a9501e8215eccb
describe
'30207' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWA' 'sip-files00016thm.jpg'
d75bc35d84fa1cc40bf5db760eb0f663
b39976112e62049785df0ccd452b0e90fef07081
describe
'81436' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWB' 'sip-files00017.QC.jpg'
64e20a9482182325256c09fbbee0d9c3
8e40377631538b231ab1f7905ce736f64b6c51c8
describe
'30152' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWC' 'sip-files00017thm.jpg'
13625eead66eb4e3c68d7de2680ccc22
da0ce4dbb86c12581719124089e254822fa30e3f
describe
'32502' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWD' 'sip-files00019thm.jpg'
2c7452b5e1d542d31a36b6babe39119c
b68169343722476a8cffdc71de033a6286ff8c47
describe
'76384' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWE' 'sip-files00020.QC.jpg'
15a0e09b489bfc0bbfb4a47e09c47e3c
cc5dd20deb11795bfbd86e13c8041ea1133b9f3c
describe
'28624' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWF' 'sip-files00020thm.jpg'
e46de2ff0f85dd2c4958e4afccdc4b68
3b1f5a5cef101cebd70bdc5f3e25d64382655885
describe
'80041' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWG' 'sip-files00021.QC.jpg'
2cf6ad35e9d0a87288122dfda8357b6f
4ade73945757e6d4a38a227fa2d945d19150d2a6
'2012-06-11T19:54:56-04:00'
describe
'29024' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWH' 'sip-files00021thm.jpg'
7705ab85fa64a6d1a3a7f51e7ad7c6cb
2c25ba1bbc47589dc70ed468d5b335c73234f530
describe
'71250' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWI' 'sip-files00022.QC.jpg'
b5061b5726812f52c83f715bb6e6a413
7efc39208d0139c52e1be3ffe0fb8afb119050d6
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWJ' 'sip-files00022thm.jpg'
e85ab572e4f024544981b2e3f346edb4
ea26793702bbfc4e769ef84840806d02aedc0bfb
'2012-06-11T19:49:24-04:00'
describe
'86832' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWK' 'sip-files00023.QC.jpg'
3c9213a9686f7a3b9a2d4bd5fe1296b9
e2628705490c470599af8c892912a89874d66d77
describe
'31153' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWL' 'sip-files00023thm.jpg'
f67ae87a2840bf0cb7311801811fc44d
0803b3477fb3a416fe02e3e5355dfdc1bd8c30b2
'2012-06-11T19:55:22-04:00'
describe
'81916' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWM' 'sip-files00024.QC.jpg'
cdec5239605e6fa1b5c8b80e1c9294a8
5693a80d647716f6313924ffd9207aa8c90dfa54
describe
'29621' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWN' 'sip-files00024thm.jpg'
b1aa823489c016bb1b4a42a73e15ff36
d90f5a69310c1f779e4635a1bc8cd0507b817bb2
describe
'77688' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWO' 'sip-files00025.QC.jpg'
7ceed04049f34f05d00a13807f4648a7
f7c1b87b0e6dd1cef9d3528eff5edd24e37b43c4
'2012-06-11T19:49:54-04:00'
describe
'28642' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWP' 'sip-files00025thm.jpg'
7b4452cb129b0f8015620d44582f2669
6b412dbe4fb794e1ee3ef5db5fe86c4da3037dad
'2012-06-11T19:50:34-04:00'
describe
'77128' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWQ' 'sip-files00026.QC.jpg'
c9968bcadec8650cdb3e35bbf7cde6cf
ce71c08ab07071c928e304b8576d6ee774187331
describe
'29065' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWR' 'sip-files00026thm.jpg'
5d2580f323fdfb91d1e704f3ecfb17cb
7b8c3666d7200387ac8b32c8e91e7c881ac65feb
'2012-06-11T19:49:06-04:00'
describe
'83323' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWS' 'sip-files00027.QC.jpg'
a9337814fd6149eccc959b74e5f5d292
10730c4c874455f9f03df58de4357f7a5fb6aeae
describe
'30620' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWT' 'sip-files00027thm.jpg'
9c03ff6123bc6d5bb723d2a617352310
19e0db8b71962ff441522552b7383c91a9d5c60a
describe
'80592' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWU' 'sip-files00028.QC.jpg'
41ddbc89aabe1932acef5ae081e51cb0
a0e3d707b2e35188a2dcf67894633c72d4c8e368
describe
'29129' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWV' 'sip-files00028thm.jpg'
2e35f21ed4b3dbf1c0d9c2154c9beb54
f7c16dee82d9b9c872ef400553dd74b92efa5d7b
describe
'81127' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWW' 'sip-files00029.QC.jpg'
ce8b665b4e88db4c1be7b142f83b1072
903aae1e9c974d991af0bbc91f7cb2df989c42d2
describe
'30290' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWX' 'sip-files00029thm.jpg'
8f75079b74989b45a563f37fab0b8d55
41915a7a26934124e39888700235df9a5d0cd293
'2012-06-11T19:47:05-04:00'
describe
'65300' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWY' 'sip-files00030.QC.jpg'
6bc1649b2d8d75c971be3327a1ac1e38
07094579c69cb4a3475609a609a0acb45e38f163
describe
'25146' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNWZ' 'sip-files00030thm.jpg'
843f92f08b28c1a0c1f62fc5803d656e
a37296c6eb68e166ae5e71ded3e7b434e305066c
'2012-06-11T19:45:39-04:00'
describe
'47313' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXA' 'sip-files00031.QC.jpg'
ecb053b801784c8979570c192761e34b
7ac629e0f7cf48b6be4e019945b27daa55529f79
describe
'19839' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXB' 'sip-files00031thm.jpg'
14e6ba9c07dc4f8c85a178a8bbf8ea50
dfd03fe1e1e0014f07abf2ade1e0b0622432a22d
describe
'75740' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXC' 'sip-files00032.QC.jpg'
51e64294d9258d42b794bab1de8e903a
c1f2e89a73fba26ce509afbf15f28e4fd22e2d45
describe
'28246' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXD' 'sip-files00032thm.jpg'
755faa732d159386ce7e72ea8c3ad52c
474775b2c73f626b3e6f802eceaf4fc4eaae4ad2
describe
'78639' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXE' 'sip-files00033.QC.jpg'
edf3af87ca64ef13fe67cb17df9fd4d3
04d289d022ef55b2ba1bb50b423ff7e018689226
describe
'28454' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXF' 'sip-files00033thm.jpg'
d0cf36ad28c81f1a6ec4d2c12dbe5e04
5221e4d3a2f41cfed2c13528fdef1764263551cc
describe
'29395' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXG' 'sip-files00034thm.jpg'
8f761b10636a6d735cba8407ad4676fa
154b00d29261695489dd976e185ad5e3009547bc
describe
'82356' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXH' 'sip-files00035.QC.jpg'
0fe74904eef1d495799528702c525657
ed759706bc6f3cda044fde8aec3a834e29f9764e
'2012-06-11T19:52:03-04:00'
describe
'30374' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXI' 'sip-files00035thm.jpg'
f266f9ef3d57fd51bb88061cc8646e5b
e715f223f1c1e3a0dfb2967817801f00a55df483
describe
'80369' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXJ' 'sip-files00036.QC.jpg'
27c770eadc351dd3dc6b37cce406c008
8e45cc422db2d773ac6083eb29a1cf7eaf405b0a
describe
'28960' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXK' 'sip-files00036thm.jpg'
8f4f70fda9b973f876c595aff6365cd8
ab750fa788de6d36d1ff9165c6818c338060d237
'2012-06-11T19:48:21-04:00'
describe
'72811' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXL' 'sip-files00037.QC.jpg'
bc48831e20b99153e274e1dc3ca68759
4917e95cf7aa93324a1fd0bce5073914bd5f1ad7
'2012-06-11T19:50:47-04:00'
describe
'27395' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXM' 'sip-files00037thm.jpg'
12006827bd46e839fa72177f150e4b48
61a230359da6d2595715a36edf64e3d247e2da2e
describe
'71074' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXN' 'sip-files00038.QC.jpg'
49ea21f8e3424fd58e8aee8175669dab
43c1ccc14a3e8a136a41560d20e44cc13d20273c
'2012-06-11T19:51:56-04:00'
describe
'68525' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXO' 'sip-files00039.QC.jpg'
35b8270ca5051cffaef25b1a015e4f99
98eac94c1ef6c2348e736981c471749b4a5f7b92
describe
'25076' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXP' 'sip-files00039thm.jpg'
c800e31b0c41706b29100e9a35037ee1
9b75a62398df6329b46ef612c62b96ebe11e9dd0
describe
'75067' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXQ' 'sip-files00040.QC.jpg'
5b6cbbcf768afab309a5d0cf7dc29597
b162f62f4938b9efb2835373275cc783350ba25c
describe
'27513' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXR' 'sip-files00040thm.jpg'
8836476108ee1aa8ad76fb4f518c1717
32405974fed567ebd39bd671699809c70a26e68e
describe
'81062' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXS' 'sip-files00041.QC.jpg'
2a29bad6499c34126318ded3ac05ceaf
1601ac0d32873e93baabaaa3e754e64977258054
describe
'29644' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXT' 'sip-files00041thm.jpg'
14bcf6065b9c72195c7a91c938fb26f7
123c6d0fc640a31167012c6780609a700cf79c95
describe
'82311' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXU' 'sip-files00042.QC.jpg'
2fb60c7db15c591a0a24778b9d8b8556
b20e4e256e49975b74e0f321f85c23e1708346fa
describe
'29085' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXV' 'sip-files00042thm.jpg'
bf7098a0197bb9e5f3a4dec0fc167992
493593bdfbd7cad9cfbef20096872541d843900a
describe
'81940' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXW' 'sip-files00043.QC.jpg'
0ca443de8875de18e4f3dff34da176c0
e8b5f0a1fbdf67f2ce2823e0841d3a17a61b4ee0
describe
'31193' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXX' 'sip-files00043thm.jpg'
65d78d6e86fba9c1c52fd354faa79c46
5b6e62cacf2f95722abfe236be057930b483e09b
'2012-06-11T19:49:43-04:00'
describe
'80554' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXY' 'sip-files00044.QC.jpg'
2f2239a7adbac242e7e553e1c8554bd3
92ed309655dddd3d173ba5f2552a77911657600e
'2012-06-11T19:51:55-04:00'
describe
'29693' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNXZ' 'sip-files00044thm.jpg'
4ff7e25e3ba254bbff05530df78f73fd
6bf689761d7a73dd87224ee41e5d275b6b695036
'2012-06-11T19:50:24-04:00'
describe
'78030' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYA' 'sip-files00045.QC.jpg'
81502dbbdccfe9338fd4c4ee0107dc83
2482d952ce8560a17fe9a49fbf51834a53276a41
describe
'30007' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYB' 'sip-files00045thm.jpg'
887bf6fcafae2794410237a02065adfe
285186cd381446c0e86cea4fe2102cb4ed7b6eaa
'2012-06-11T19:51:25-04:00'
describe
'65604' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYC' 'sip-files00046.QC.jpg'
a28fc7728d423f8d8d9e98be7f76d83f
1cdab0d895af12ed0814f9fa078840b38bdd7bb2
'2012-06-11T19:53:17-04:00'
describe
'26008' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYD' 'sip-files00046thm.jpg'
495292d000983dd9e5c63f901387ed8e
5c246fec2c220a4e7e298e7cb8133f4fa222228f
describe
'66735' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYE' 'sip-files00047.QC.jpg'
6ca8ea4dee964fdd3820ad944f0f1113
3bd5fe7e49b0411bf53256cff7b51bf33f4efde9
describe
'25581' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYF' 'sip-files00047thm.jpg'
70515fabd6c101f4910d94e6c8825a09
506347183a8098fea7362d67e79aba5d613a3889
describe
'73867' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYG' 'sip-files00048.QC.jpg'
274ced7f30d7993cef61ab15d501881f
2f189b7400c6bc1b8b4abf6db68d5e17bdabad8e
describe
'27907' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYH' 'sip-files00048thm.jpg'
c64513524d1688d68cea0dbeae0f0f6a
7beea09111bae01c1b37222d426f12b91f0cb307
describe
'80202' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYI' 'sip-files00049.QC.jpg'
39ef8594ecfecd2df443f6b9207da8e3
fc2b92c78f0e8b227f85dff4fc428335e10ce90f
describe
'29602' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYJ' 'sip-files00049thm.jpg'
154fcdb6a6f7730bc19ef961e207bf72
f6dc84deef1748140ed2767ea94e3ecd29192da6
describe
'81536' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYK' 'sip-files00050.QC.jpg'
fb8b5e6a6c709fc65fc9afef130056ea
632e4aab30cc95e95b0ecd4ff277d6782a76257f
describe
'30183' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYL' 'sip-files00050thm.jpg'
a7581a7c7bded5b03f762d9e370c2315
ac17858f01f78ba38c9010d9274a920b8069e24f
describe
'75630' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYM' 'sip-files00051.QC.jpg'
b60030e2479f4e0dd870edb1e2bf832a
b1f7f53dad93f7182631a080387358c1e4df3223
'2012-06-11T19:52:13-04:00'
describe
'27910' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYN' 'sip-files00051thm.jpg'
dac93046a278eab572bffd17d9be6f28
06e5239ff58dd616d84757a75e27667d0eb4a853
'2012-06-11T19:47:39-04:00'
describe
'67610' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYO' 'sip-files00052.QC.jpg'
fac19d849bd23d07399769fb94d3f798
64315f6ebb73d15257d217249443cfb2ac8f3b6c
describe
'26740' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYP' 'sip-files00052thm.jpg'
288ad0236d151d9a7ba95c5da2271b4a
a85aa37b4ea139466b3fd50b700088b0f54a4137
'2012-06-11T19:53:09-04:00'
describe
'83393' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYQ' 'sip-files00053.QC.jpg'
1be347a37b0a4c1dc4a117692998ee19
274dfbdbb5a89d75c8296a423ce249b93b33791a
describe
'30355' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYR' 'sip-files00053thm.jpg'
1d3bbccd0e6395326ac9dd46df456a26
f51e2274b0b80615e55db04443e175da41dfa058
describe
'81355' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYS' 'sip-files00054.QC.jpg'
eb620c559aec4bee9cd4951f42bcaf9d
2c207ad6ca7166b80f6874060f985d0dc03f4bdc
describe
'29436' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYT' 'sip-files00054thm.jpg'
3e02ef8e1b024336f33f06484d716960
3e1c35a945672747068c3ce378f5ecdc5156bd69
'2012-06-11T19:49:15-04:00'
describe
'80655' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYU' 'sip-files00055.QC.jpg'
a8e0a271d74343664072f9b5d510847b
f4aaec635981f94ec203ee05008b8404c35f391c
describe
'29829' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYV' 'sip-files00055thm.jpg'
4945316383f5a64b3c2b1a394db41afb
9c92c676ce17f3a8ed7765c02a57afb0221757d1
'2012-06-11T19:48:04-04:00'
describe
'78256' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYW' 'sip-files00056.QC.jpg'
0a3e4fc7476a408d5634665b19a7fefd
772af648f1c0266e987ac122f81b53f5c377d22b
'2012-06-11T19:51:48-04:00'
describe
'29079' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYX' 'sip-files00056thm.jpg'
b312898f0633445b47208129d3f8376c
69ecac9f016a4c5a3fff1359ccfd9f1384024919
describe
'78474' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYY' 'sip-files00057.QC.jpg'
79f5b881302e57e23ef83605839d025d
0c65d0bbb695347d314e508a9fc5410841209651
describe
'29132' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNYZ' 'sip-files00057thm.jpg'
19b692d12766c2e4e65c00fd10bb7b1b
c8729c51bc3ed4eb64013b38fbc953c687c3e67b
'2012-06-11T19:53:56-04:00'
describe
'81092' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZA' 'sip-files00058.QC.jpg'
2a2e58cccdc6574e34d5424381c59c4d
290ce981b3a5eac233939145ce31fdf307282f4d
'2012-06-11T19:50:01-04:00'
describe
'29082' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZB' 'sip-files00058thm.jpg'
42894ef24da47103ca445a2ab1f5bd9e
8f389e12f617a77b81776c06f085d44abaf39954
describe
'75897' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZC' 'sip-files00059.QC.jpg'
976a471fefe6c4a3c47fa154c97677e4
e8c0662f7f4ac1ecd0e8e8b65f3b8b6af79ef893
describe
'28398' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZD' 'sip-files00059thm.jpg'
a0b47eadfbd679fe878095093ddecf97
90ed366caa74714337fa3b7f486eebcdfab96b15
'2012-06-11T19:49:22-04:00'
describe
'77511' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZE' 'sip-files00060.QC.jpg'
0cd9b284d41bd01846b8a0167e9842a8
bcd319d32ab8e9dfe48c81d2a8716d899dbb92bf
describe
'30231' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZF' 'sip-files00060thm.jpg'
9cfe952b9a615ae5bad07b22747c9b3f
efd211e25d30f3384d4aaffca17925bff0dab010
describe
'81036' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZG' 'sip-files00061.QC.jpg'
98b63bbff872c999e3ecd6da0c507b6d
e903bb676c8771458a7fc3c786fda3da2316c3bc
describe
'30583' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZH' 'sip-files00061thm.jpg'
af4bbccb0e3a4fba01398ef863e2cdac
7bfb587bb9f06470d9f01a18c2f880b9c81bfce0
describe
'77304' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZI' 'sip-files00062.QC.jpg'
ef0ca1662c1b7d35340fe6deead57fc7
68783aa55437d7e68a3c7659d583beb53e453f95
describe
'28514' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZJ' 'sip-files00062thm.jpg'
18395aa79f57c6c6e8f8bb5def4253cf
1fbdc229abc19a767a62065b6815164257472dff
describe
'77341' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZK' 'sip-files00063.QC.jpg'
f6ce108f3b2096b4c7b423ccbea9fdba
de52e3d6140acff79f70c569b9df7e1f4bbc4abe
describe
'29554' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZL' 'sip-files00063thm.jpg'
c9c80d66bdb4cea5fcf479e6f96fcc3b
78cb80a01b1db192055ac9af6cbdf6c8d2cde347
'2012-06-11T19:46:45-04:00'
describe
'78101' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZM' 'sip-files00064.QC.jpg'
f5938229b6374b155ac3882230f7f328
466afe8219d30015ef4f20240b64a14c75f90f36
'2012-06-11T19:52:24-04:00'
describe
'70445' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZN' 'sip-files00065.QC.jpg'
e8b2b32edd48495c7d0312153d9b503b
fe195822bbe15e29e343f40117bdea1187ac5437
'2012-06-11T19:50:59-04:00'
describe
'27164' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZO' 'sip-files00065thm.jpg'
fe10ecc91e38c32e5fa5c447d3cc9474
c4843dd12e100938ab443b8aec3cd9bb2d53f59b
'2012-06-11T19:52:09-04:00'
describe
'82863' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZP' 'sip-files00066.QC.jpg'
68e31703baa4db6a3b87dcf51f185a77
236552808aab7066b6ef20f85b220e3be66e3a2e
'2012-06-11T19:48:27-04:00'
describe
'29515' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZQ' 'sip-files00066thm.jpg'
7a7f7df7b46146d6fb9cf1e727a7040f
07787896679db828231b10f2bca6b90c20ed3b6f
'2012-06-11T19:53:45-04:00'
describe
'82036' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZR' 'sip-files00067.QC.jpg'
906cfb8b706223f93ab02eec9a4e29d6
8bbb24ea456d3ecddbd11ab7c3aa17c54ff6cfe9
describe
'30199' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZS' 'sip-files00067thm.jpg'
d21c3648ac50776fc643d4a8aa90b105
419168038497ebd14fce2e40fdbe621b0bad1168
describe
'79679' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZT' 'sip-files00068.QC.jpg'
8c4cb38aebad93e0ed032cd108bcacc2
ecc457f99ff35e6ba51ae5935d9e28ba57a371df
'2012-06-11T19:48:46-04:00'
describe
'78781' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZU' 'sip-files00069.QC.jpg'
55538b19cc098e3032c5c96adcd38dea
14b80a1291581350cac6220748780ae333da53ef
describe
'29170' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZV' 'sip-files00069thm.jpg'
0aea363e7f2fd14a393d8b2585d27211
ee07fc6565b0c86a4a85fa4d24e2219b5dfadafd
describe
'82537' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZW' 'sip-files00070.QC.jpg'
b9ffeef6135e527032431c5ccbcae366
82b9ca371f105f307426219c4e8951805a2162e3
describe
'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZX' 'sip-files00070thm.jpg'
7c29a5e8255bda845fb51632a3714d4b
946de00beacb59affc5d9fd5bbdab0d3c71dd409
describe
'83803' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZY' 'sip-files00071.QC.jpg'
6e3945372271b5a246e29534d6f1be8c
bd4909adc1fc13368c94a0b276a1cd5f4f7a175c
describe
'29639' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABNZZ' 'sip-files00071thm.jpg'
7b32e265f4ca3757be7b3f981d19d814
69223ec1125622ec997ea59f94f4d877ee25c778
'2012-06-11T19:48:36-04:00'
describe
'77703' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAA' 'sip-files00072.QC.jpg'
de7080a603124e5804d82e8e03bae03e
251d7678ff829d0fef4911bd0dbe8811b986cb1f
describe
'29105' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAB' 'sip-files00072thm.jpg'
5d2ef6a2225da74cae76b9bed26ce550
b1fe5f6f9733c1a19c8ea0218bfbfb8486162bb7
'2012-06-11T19:47:47-04:00'
describe
'80318' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAC' 'sip-files00073.QC.jpg'
fe364fe240a2b86f3b69384c3e4a5636
3d35b7e20aa0dafd97389a915072566fc98cfe89
describe
'29539' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAD' 'sip-files00073thm.jpg'
b0cd10619da8668db62d74b6d2373107
9fad45de879e65dab745602b7ec1643cf215fe9e
describe
'59640' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAE' 'sip-files00074.QC.jpg'
a50f55185c15ac950ca63661e3ac1078
8eb172e050ba091cd4d0a5c89887d2ff3d2b3501
describe
'78428' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAF' 'sip-files00075.QC.jpg'
fedd5666aa8d98f528f4fe0675c57f64
f2e54a0070180606327c35ec66a1ec758b4e0801
describe
'29546' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAG' 'sip-files00075thm.jpg'
8c2dc55e7f2b8b9d10ffc28afe3d5b6b
9d9378a7b216d7b32622885af0b79ffe39f94cd5
describe
'80211' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAH' 'sip-files00076.QC.jpg'
e34a62ee77db7915c07df74b2a6d3fb6
7bca3d39ac4f95b2393b82851621d133c49958ca
describe
'71829' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAI' 'sip-files00077.QC.jpg'
9777543fa4ab59e434cf2bddc2b69a5e
57a93c04e6f331a9533474849f5d5a40b3ea90ec
describe
'27690' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAJ' 'sip-files00077thm.jpg'
d33d21e97baa0cb04256e118c9c0cfe8
5f11e0361aa14b43c499659e529817bdb5afc81c
describe
'85157' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAK' 'sip-files00078.QC.jpg'
0657fa79f377f8dfd4f1d5d4fde5288a
0c89c6a146dec4fbd8f350d634a6c38d2cb21ba0
describe
'30187' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAL' 'sip-files00078thm.jpg'
de51e873ae3346d377c04fbab1a6571e
8f8f6dd8c132f5529d622be5be64e8e9db9525e2
describe
'82813' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAM' 'sip-files00079.QC.jpg'
5ead48ccbf25d062007e4ad5bfb7ee0e
361479cb5d6f06fd4033916d8abaa55d632d2460
describe
'30884' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAN' 'sip-files00079thm.jpg'
08606876d784453c334a80ac5211b4e6
0c1358d8960206ca9a5e75137e951503eb6e9743
'2012-06-11T19:55:17-04:00'
describe
'84562' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAO' 'sip-files00080.QC.jpg'
dccdd32ee346a8aaa57f0719e12f05aa
23581eb94069689ec70f90f1c655d33b85e623eb
describe
'30407' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAP' 'sip-files00080thm.jpg'
392d4d347363c7794051c6f65fa7ef76
cd92860c40b6dfee9ebbe14318afeb1135ba3773
describe
'82173' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAQ' 'sip-files00081.QC.jpg'
5fc267f63c2524c022e3901a578dada7
41668f8b560c63d2072cfa16337f2b2c8a89ca3d
describe
'30689' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAR' 'sip-files00081thm.jpg'
d3e6ed1866d9745a70a68446a6d8a332
5b3a44783a985f915c43fa042850a8d97afd9aa3
describe
'83749' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAS' 'sip-files00082.QC.jpg'
baec74684ed9daea9f4347880a49bb77
57af702000bf01aec66a3c0e97475eaa446f523f
describe
'30901' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAT' 'sip-files00082thm.jpg'
91249378e967a163f561f65593ba7ea0
fab1455fff1e33a1ad4ec96dd4b26c4cbfc0a116
describe
'76148' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAU' 'sip-files00083.QC.jpg'
699b31155d503ee7a68f96f0e48554c0
8295d7eb197344333e164ba699c3923a35ecbbe2
'2012-06-11T19:50:30-04:00'
describe
'28547' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAV' 'sip-files00083thm.jpg'
4af9530c2b32f07a7c0e190260becdc4
bf9e05a8aa64f4f47ec4d12ae15d4ac90447aa29
describe
'82887' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAW' 'sip-files00084.QC.jpg'
108067b44698a8fd6f5f9c0dc4c35ed1
30c594a3cc014633299862d52cd30a1d87edede1
'2012-06-11T19:50:40-04:00'
describe
'29267' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAX' 'sip-files00084thm.jpg'
b0e6fb056b3823aeb7c2fecbfb85a0c9
adee1310cf3f89e0126a7a655dbb7709b1ab59eb
describe
'71734' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAY' 'sip-files00085.QC.jpg'
215c0d147ddd341e49f1ddeb0d52ebce
b8251288de7d91a799f946ec0b38842c72fbbf2c
describe
'27142' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOAZ' 'sip-files00085thm.jpg'
75660e9a5201f9fc09dec58410b20cae
f2151365dfdc515d2660e31ec108e9d38e9a3bed
describe
'80057' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBA' 'sip-files00086.QC.jpg'
9146ccec24ccfa477182cae8295ae0f3
891e1d45c39cc02887b30cbcef3e9e66520700ea
describe
'78692' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBB' 'sip-files00087.QC.jpg'
54e5a5458fb32ad2b9446b7cf41aabaa
e284ce0bf1d86221a3b48a5bd0ce4d7b922ad97a
describe
'28543' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBC' 'sip-files00087thm.jpg'
74a874164aedea3f6ad101f5ffc9201c
33bbdb6028d3609026d4e520148167c1eedd24ec
describe
'81773' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBD' 'sip-files00088.QC.jpg'
75284f66f6cbf4b0a8fcf566322e1872
46d48f65bbd6842bb2e43f59507180a35c4f3409
describe
'29524' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBE' 'sip-files00088thm.jpg'
be734bda3e5ca284eb5b5378acf026b1
8c0066a4395797ca8c5dccd60635fab95d1a8f5a
'2012-06-11T19:51:47-04:00'
describe
'72201' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBF' 'sip-files00089.QC.jpg'
3c7fd9c16468b618593f2c9400e75e99
6f65f86a27edd4674f9626481d174c31c78955bc
describe
'26808' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBG' 'sip-files00089thm.jpg'
1291da687b25daa8fea47b2138fdccea
fde17f59a6878bf006edeb03ebe48a2f353ee577
describe
'74309' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBH' 'sip-files00090.QC.jpg'
e94fbf5ad7718d760f39777d625e3ccd
3210abe10bb2378ea4cf9944c871eb0a2c501db3
describe
'28611' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBI' 'sip-files00090thm.jpg'
f4fce4b038ed1a8343014b62613c9cdc
91591ee2569235674e53e98fc5ac0edabe080c93
describe
'84959' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBJ' 'sip-files00091.QC.jpg'
018bd91d471b86dd68e4971718d7d3c1
5af184d55d225756f2798778fcae64a4a59a204f
describe
'30501' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBK' 'sip-files00091thm.jpg'
ac472138cb6f554471d026f8ed470049
a5dff1cbc101de4b4a0859010cacc350889b0908
describe
'82796' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBL' 'sip-files00092.QC.jpg'
550f83f5e363873c6dc2c329451f8adb
19ffebe9519ee49da8ae2d01dde0cff65ecc6741
describe
'30529' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBM' 'sip-files00092thm.jpg'
7947237fad0660ec1f85322580a6d645
058c6be5db979e4def3cecd86d980e1b6926d007
describe
'83522' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBN' 'sip-files00093.QC.jpg'
8924e36c513bb432113f8a2c72f280eb
5f5c0f962adab8435fc98c75a78749e6d8d1c22c
describe
'29617' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBO' 'sip-files00093thm.jpg'
b7140ed7c6afc5e672ddec5e52258277
36c25216086d16298076042883fb84e2159be40e
describe
'79384' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBP' 'sip-files00094.QC.jpg'
c8abeeb66e67e22529e25ac4ac4dc77e
92c0658c0d6828eff816ab57844e93eed21d2cbc
describe
'29176' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBQ' 'sip-files00094thm.jpg'
d32669fdfdf7e952e13c7d43cc8f2dcd
08777fa2e9262fcf272c436d42f38b557d46fe76
describe
'58194' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBR' 'sip-files00095.QC.jpg'
34c47b46099de2a642eabffd423f2fe0
75cddaf316b3145ed52b40262925c4d0c1434997
describe
'67253' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBS' 'sip-files00096.QC.jpg'
6b76634452729be25f69605c2010a06d
8126dcc6f4ef7fc183a3c0f754f35057bda70ee3
describe
'26057' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBT' 'sip-files00096thm.jpg'
e59f54350236ebd80798795879deb159
323fbc777c2a5c63a3e9987f8d4cc4c524e53c03
'2012-06-11T19:52:59-04:00'
describe
'29111' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBU' 'sip-files00097thm.jpg'
447f195ec07982eaddd2fb8c3a4bb19c
5a8c34d46189a3a3ed1e64f00b32609df9b126a0
'2012-06-11T19:46:10-04:00'
describe
'64742' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBV' 'sip-files00098.QC.jpg'
0fea4e42f1edf0cd178df780d5644cba
4bc8b2be01287f3b6ee28e679b78fca1d59e9337
describe
'61057' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBW' 'sip-files00099.QC.jpg'
2de04ef164f56046e45c3c06ee3b893b
105ac6dd7057a82de4ebb2732fbbc62c4922fd41
describe
'24222' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBX' 'sip-files00099thm.jpg'
b12f82b98ed754102f549ad0ac850bef
6ebbc5e7d9b984b6429a121e7f9d7999be9ce9c1
describe
'80435' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBY' 'sip-files00100.QC.jpg'
12b467994c4ab4f27a06423701fac6de
27339e9bd48353e826e68aea5673313c858534d2
describe
'31053' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOBZ' 'sip-files00100thm.jpg'
900496875c8e8e92e4b3849ad1c9e006
a18c3091387e502acf74ff78890726e521abb64f
describe
'77835' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCA' 'sip-files00101.QC.jpg'
8137334d886391d62807639df865a975
fc65c816476eec59ddcf430b4f8eace90231fd53
describe
'28173' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCB' 'sip-files00101thm.jpg'
48052340da1dd98159239feef0ab93a2
40e50c45169347659f623f8dd6dc3589a45e2811
describe
'30441' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCC' 'sip-files00102thm.jpg'
2ccaa888722242acb0b785e68e6e7a5c
3c69a62355f1ded42d9aea93bee9a968f1be2eec
describe
'82751' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCD' 'sip-files00103.QC.jpg'
0fb92831463137467f6e317ba1a128fb
5b4ee5ebc14d0fc2635d409bc26d1c4bb4e9cd1e
describe
'29978' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCE' 'sip-files00103thm.jpg'
10252f7ec4d939b71febb6592eace6a2
9e43da0a6ccc7b4e3b9f09a5948b9963fd5249bb
describe
'76803' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCF' 'sip-files00104.QC.jpg'
334b5f7c962a04c8cc3017c0daa63b8c
9320a01aa458041d77ff2ef0ebccdaa1c9e7d83f
describe
'28073' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCG' 'sip-files00104thm.jpg'
4f8d0ad6beb1cc1757d3d1fcb0926a67
ea0434abfc2c39a1878fa1833cacc5a493bc31e3
describe
'73919' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCH' 'sip-files00105.QC.jpg'
14e77a5c0e52f3c228e11cae26d1212e
da9606485f03cfb569187feb07ebd39d0bfd84db
describe
'29101' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCI' 'sip-files00105thm.jpg'
bf80d1c0256d90c31b70d6ebb6dfff7f
9e5ec29b9369c01c430c1d89a5da8de36b36be87
describe
'83914' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCJ' 'sip-files00106.QC.jpg'
2bf3f89d6b78bd088f12a0675cede85b
9ea678851232e9cfa6fb2c93dff289d2bc0abd2c
describe
'29578' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCK' 'sip-files00106thm.jpg'
0b5ef1ece6157a1d3135e3c5320c3cd4
1ced13587865b3ed63cf3ed11105794242d88eec
describe
'76976' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCL' 'sip-files00107.QC.jpg'
ecdecf1689232042d4e2abb50134a993
3bf7add777fe1549044421c9f4da1b26a053595e
describe
'29876' 'info:fdaE20100403_AAAAHQfileF20100403_AABOCM' 'sip-files00107thm.jpg'
60340cbdf5b3109a3aeb6909a9517bed
3700f07a6152c570ec4704aef64044a7ca3e885d
describe
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| 7 ST. SIMON’S
“| SUNDAY SCHOOL.

etd Pere








Presented ta

FOR

Le oo ta ic MAA CM ie Ae
a. Ma. bf Ghd i. Conshach

REY. F. BALDEY, 2)
Vicar, $«



The Baldwin Library

‘|RmB.
sede

THE ROCKET.

HS dtet a



HOME

S

GEORGE STEPHENSON







THE ROCKET;

oR,

THE STORY OF THE STEPHENSONS,
FATHER AND SON.



i Book FOR Poyrs.

Br H. C. KNIGHT.



LONDON:
T. NELSON AND SONS, PATERNOSTER ROW;
EDINBURGH; AND NEW YORK.

1875.



PRS
Preface



eh i BRIEF book for the boys. God gives
; you work to do in the world. He
gives you honourable work. There is
much done that is mean and dishonour-



‘able. Depend upon it, that is not his.
In the beginning of your work, char-
acter grows out of it; as you go on, your char-
acter goes into it. Therefore the Bible declares

_that “God, without respect of persons, judgeth
according to every man’s work.” We. judge in
the same way. This little book will show you
how much the practice of the virtues, the humbler
virtues, has to do with making good work.

But keep ever in mind that these virtues, how-
ever useful and important for your work in this
world, have no saving power in them—they
form no plea for the favour of God; the key
vi PREFACE.

which unlocks the door of heaven is not found
among them. Like the young man in the gospel,
you may have the loveliness of every natural
virtue, and yet be lost.

As sinners in the sight of God, you need the
atoning blood of the Redeemer ; you need repen-
tance and faith in that blood. Make Jesus
Christ, therefore, the corner-stone of your char-
acter; on that foundation build your character.
Cultivate the graces of the gospel. Baptize the
virtues with your Saviour’s love. A noble
Christian manhood can only be attained by the
slow and steady endeavours of a heart fixed on
God, and a hand diligent and delighting in the
_work he has given it to do.
I.

Til.

VII.

VoL

Ix.

@ ontents,

LIFE AMONG THE COAL-PITS, ... es es Sy see
MENDING AND MAKING—LITTLE BOB, oe a
WHO BEGAN RAILROADS ?— “ PUFFING BILLY,”
TWO CITIES THAT WANTED TO GET NEAR EACH OTHER—A
NEW FRIEND, ~~... eee 8s ss ees
HUNTING UP HIS OWN WORK—AN ENTERPRISING QUAKER
—WHAT WAS THE RESULT? ee ee

THE TWO CITIES TRYING AGAIN—BUGBEARS,

GRAPPLING WITH DIFFICULTIES—THE BOG—-A PUZZLE-—
THE PRIZE OFFER, SH sens ee

ROBERT’S RETURN—A CURIOUS ENCOUNTER—THE PRIZE
ENGINE,

OPENING OF THE NEW ROAD—DIFFICULTIES VANISH-—A

NEW ERA, ... i a ae es Se: Fes

18

30

38

58

73

87

103



THE ROCKET.



CHAPTER I.

LIFE AMONG THE COAL-PITS,



"HAT useful little fellow is this, carry-
* ing his father’s dinner to him at the
coal-pit? He takes care, also, of his
little brothers and sisters, keeping
a them clear of the coal-waggons, which
run to and fro before the cottage door. Then he
is seen tending a neighbour’s cows. Now, he is
moulding mud engines, sticking in hemlock sticks
for blow-pipes; besides cutting many a good
caper, and uttering all sorts of drolleries for the
benefit of other little boys, who like himself
swarm round, too poor to go to school, if school
there were—but schools there were none.
10 EARLY WORK.

The boys call him “ Geordie Steve.”

A lad is wanted to shut the coal-yard gates
after work is over. Geordie offers his services
and gets the post, earning by it twopence a day.
A neighbour hires him to hoe turnips at four-
pence. He is thank“nl to earn a hit, for his



EARLY WORK.

parents are poor, and every little helps. He sees
work ahead, however, more to his taste. What?
He longs to be big enough to go and work at the
coal-pits with his father. For the home of this
little fellow, as you already perceive, is in a coal
A COAL-PIT. ll

region. It is in the coal district of Newcastle,
in the north-eastern part of England.

“I suppose you never visited a colliery? Coal
is found in beds and veins underground. Deep
holes are made, down which the miners go and
dig it out; it is hoisted out by means of steam-
engines. These holes are called shafts. The
pit-men have two enemies to encounter down in
the coal-pits—water, and a kind of gas which
explodes on touching the flame of a candle. The
water has to be pumped out; and miners. are
now provided with a lamp, called a safety-lamp,
which is covered with a fine wire gauze to keep
the gas away from the flame.

The coal is brought up from the pit in baskets,
loaded on waggons, running them on tram-roads,
and sent to the sheds. Tram-roads were a sort
of wooden railway. A colliery is a busy and
odd-looking spot.

:Geordie’s family lived in one room—father,
mother, four boys, and two girls. Snug quarters, .
one would think ; but the working-men of England
at that time had smaller wages and poorer homes
than theynow have—for Geordie was born in1781,
in the little village of Wylam, seven miles from
Newcastle, and his full name is George Stephenson.
12 STEPHENSON AND THE BIRDS.

- James, an elder brother, is “picker ;” and by-:
and-by George is old enough to be picker too,
going with his father and brother to their daily
tasks, like a man. To clear the coal of stones
and dross, is their business. There are a number
of pits around, and each one has a name,——
“Dolly Pit,” “ Water-run Pit,” and so on.

I do not know how long he was picker, but
we next find him driving a gin-horse, at a pit
‘two miles off, across the fields. Away he goes
in the early morning, gladdened all along by
many bird songs. George and the birds are fast
friends. He knows where their nests are in the
hedgerows, and watches over them with fatherly
affection. At home he has tame birds, whose
pretty, knowing ways. are the wonder of the
neighbourhood. For many years a tame black-
bird was as much one of the family as George
himself, coming and going at pleasure, and roost-
ing at night over his head. Sometimes it spent
the summer in the woods, but was sure to come
back with cold weather, to share his care and
crumbs through the winter.

George, too, had a famous breed of rabbits ;
and as for his dog, it was one of the most accom-
plished and faithful creatures in the district. In
ASSISTANT FIREMAN, 13

fact, the boy had an insight into dumb-brute
nature, as we shall find he had into other things,
that gave him power over it—a power which he
never abused, but used kindly and well.

George next rose to be assistant fireman with
his father, at a shilling a day. He was fourteen,
and so small of his age that he used to hide
when the inspector came round, lest he should be
thought too small for his wages. If small in
body, he was large in heart, intent in all things to
do his best. And this made his work so well
done, that it could not escape the notice of
his employers. When he went to the office on
Saturday night to receive his wages, double pay
was given him—twelve instead of six shillings.
George could scarcely believe in his good luck.
When he found it was really no mistake, he took
the money and rushed out. of the office, exclaim-
ing, “I am now a made man for life!”

George rapidly shot ahead of his father, a kind
old man, who always stayed fireman, while his
boy climbed one round after another up the ladder
of promotion. At seventeen, we find him plug-
man. What duty is that? A plugman has
charge of a pumping-engine, and when the water
in the pit is below the suction holes, goes down
14 LEISURE MOMENTS.

the shaft and plugs the tube in order to make the
pump more easily draw. The post required more
skill and knowledge of machinery than any he had
filled before, and he proved himself equal to it.

Indeed, he loved his engine as he loved his
birds. It is a pet with him. He keeps it in
prime order. He takes it to pieces, and cleans it,
and studies it; prys into the whys and where-
fores, and is never satisfied until he understands
every spring and cog of the machinery, and gets
the mastery of it. You never find him idling
away his time. In leisure moments he is at his
old kink, moulding clay engines, and putting new
thoughts into them.

He wished he knew the history of engines, and
how they were thought out at first. Somebody
told him about Watt, the father of steam-power,
and that there were books which would satisfy
his curiosity. Books! What good would books
do poor George? He cannot read. Notread? No.
He is eighteen, and hardly knows his letters.
Few of the colliers could. They were generally an
ignorant, hard-working, clannish set of men, whose
pay-day was a holiday, when their hard-won earn-
ings were squandered at cock-fights and ale-houses.

If one was found who did read, what a centre
THE EVENING SCHOOL. 15

of light was he! At night the men and boys
gathered around him, when, by the light of his
engine fire, he would give them the news from
an old newspaper, or a scrap of knowledge from
some stray magazine, or a wild story from an odd
volume; and on these occasions no one listened
with more profound attention than George.

Oh! it was so wonderful to read, he thought.
It was to open the gates into great fields of
knowledge. Read he must. The desire grew
upon him stronger and stronger. In the neigh-
bouring hamlet of Welbottle, old Robin Cowens
taught an evening school.

“Tl go,” cried George.

“And I too,’ echoed Tommy Musgrove, a
fellow-workman, quite carried away by George’s
enthusiasm.

Now they went to Robin’s school three even-
ings a week. I do not know how it was with
Tommy, but old Robin never had a better scholar
than George; indeed, he soon out-learned his

_ master. His schooling cost him threepence a

week, and, poor as it was, put into his hand the

two keys of knowledge—reading and writing.
These mastered, he longs to use them. Andrew

Robertson opens an evening school nearer than
16 LEARNING ARITHMETIC.



AT SCHOOL.

Welbottle, and Andrew proposes to teach arith-
metic, a branch George is anxious to grapple with
| next. ‘And he took to figurin’ wonderful,” said



Master Andrew, speaking of his new scholar, who
soon left his classmates far behind. And no wonder.
Every spare moment to George was more precious
than gold-dust, and was used accordingly. When

not on duty, he sits by his engine and works
(380)
WHAT IS A BRAKEMAN ! 17






















out his sums. No beer-shop ever enticed him to
its cups’; no cock-fight ever tempted him to be its
spectator. He hates everything low and vulgar.

_ Andrew was proud of his pupil, and when
George removed to another pit, the old school-
master shifted his quarters and followed him.
His books did not damage his interest in business.
Was the plugman going to stay plugman? No.
Bill Coe, a friend of his advanced to a brakeman,
offered to show George. The other workmen
‘objected. And one in particular stopped the
working of the engine when George took hold of
it; “For,” he cried angrily, “ Stephenson can’t
brake, and is too clumsy ever to learn.”

A brakeman has charge of an engine for rais-
ing coal from a pit. The speed of the ascending
coal, brought up in large hazel-wood baskets, was
regulated by a powerful wooden -brake; acting on
‘the rim of the fly-wheel, which must be stopped
just when the baskets reach the settle-board
where they are to be emptied. Brakemen were
, generally chosen from experienced engine-men of
steady habits; and in spite of the grumbling of
Ider colliers, envious perhaps at his rise, it was
ot long before George learned, and was appointed

brakeman at the Dolly Pit. This was in 1801.
(380) 2


CHAPTER II.

MENDING AND MAKING—LITTLE BOB.



EORGE was now twenty—sober, faithful,
¢, and expert. Finding a little spare
time on his hands, he took to cobbling
* to increase his gains, and from this
source contrived :to save his first
guinea. To this greater diligence he was urged
by his love for Fanny Henderson, a tine sweet-
tempered girl, whom he shortly married, and began
housekeeping in the upper room of a small cot-
tage in Wellington, six miles from Newcastle.
Happy were they in each other, and in their
simple, industrious, and frugal habits; and when
a little son was born to them, George, who loved
birds, rabbits, and dogs so well, welcomed with all
the tenderness of a father’s heart the little Bobby.

Robert he was named, after the old fireman his
grandfather.
CLOCK-MENDING, 19

Accidents, they say, will happen in the best-
regulated families. Fanny’s family was not an
exception. One day the cottage chimney got on
fire, and the neighbours, with friendly zeal, not
only poured water enough down the chimney to
put out a much bigger and more alarming fire,
but enough to deluge the poor little home of the
brakeman with soot and water, making a pitiful
sight to the young husband when he reached it.
His eight-day clock, the choicest bit of furniture
the young couple had, was completely smothered
by ashes. What was to be done? Sending it
to a clockmaker for repairs was quite out of the
question—it would cost too much.

“Tl try my own hand on it,” said George.
After righting everything else, he attacked the
“clock, took it to pieces, carefully cleancd it, put
it together, set it, and it ticked—ticking on as
faithfully and soberly as ever. The astonished
neighbours sent him their clocks, and George be-
came one of the most famous clock doctors there-
abouts.

The young man’s reputation for business soon
won him a situation in Killingworth, the best
and largest colliery in the region. But his
brightened worldly prospects were soon clouded
20 _ BEREAVEMENT.



MENDING THE CLOCK.

by a dark sorrow—the death of his young wife,
after three happy years of married life. Poor
George felt it deeply, which was perhaps one
reason for accepting a situation in Scotland,
hoping in a change of scene to change the
mournful current of his thoughts.

Leaving his little boy in kind hands, he set
off to the north with his pack on his back, afoot

t
HOME ONCE MORE. 21

and alone, for Montrose—a long journey in those
days. Good wages he received, and good friends
he no doubt made, for everybody loved his honest
and generous character ; yet by the end of the
year he yearned to get back to the friends and
scenes of his early days. It was not home in
Scotland ; for it is only home where the heart is.
With his savings in his pocket—twenty-eight
pounds—back he trudged to Killingworth ; and
not before his friendly presence was greatly
needed to comfort his aged parents, plunged in
debt and affliction, By a terrible accident his
father had lost his eyesight. No longer able to
work, and receiving little or no help from his
other children, who were barely able to maintain
themselves, the old couple had a hard battle with
life. But George is back again; all will be
righted. He paid off their debts, and moved
them to comfortable lodgings beside his own. He .
has father, mother, and Bobby to look after, and
is thankful and happy in doing it.

Those were dark days, however, for the work-
ing-men of England. War was draining the
country of men and money. Taxes were high,
wages low, bread scarce, and able-bodied men
were liable at any time to be impressed for the
22 : DARK DAYS.

army or naval service. George himself was
drawn, and go he must, or find a substitute. He
found one; but it cost all he had to hire him.
Poor George was in straits. His spirits were
much damped by the prospect of things around
and before him. All business was in a discourag-
ing condition. Some of his friends were about
emigrating to America, and he at one time nearly
concluded to join them. It was a sore trial to
the young man. He loved his English home ;
and bitter tears did he in secret shed as he visited
old haunts—the fields and lanes and scenes of his
boyhood—feeling and fearing that all too soon
the wide Atlantic might roll between him and
them. But the necessary funds for such an enter-
prise were not forthcoming. George gave it up,
therefore, and went to work for what. wages the
times would allow. Better times would come.
The thing nearest his heart was affording his
little son an education. Keenly alive to his own
early deficiencies and disadvantages, he determined
to make them up in Robert. Every spare mo-
ment was of twofold value to him; and all the
work he could pick up he cheerfully did. Besides
tinkering old clocks and ecbbling old shoes, he
took to cutting out the pitmen’s clothes. Never
DROWNED OUT. 23

_ was there such a fit; for George acted fully up to
the principle that everything which was worth
doing was worth doing well.

Busy as were his hands, his mind was no less
busy, catching up and using every scrap of know-
ledge which came in his way. And it was a
perpetual surprise to his fellow-workmen to see
what a knack he had at bettering things. Every-
thing improved in his hands. There was always
progress on his track.

_ A new pit was opened at one of the collieries.
Streams of water rushed if, which the most vig-
orous strokes of the pump could not. lower. On
the engine went, pumping, pumping, pumping for
a year, and the water continued to flow in, until
they nearly concluded to give up the pit as a
failure. - George’s curiosity and interest were
much excited, and always, on seeing the men, he
asked how matters were coming on.

“ Drowned out—drowned out,’ was the one
and the same answer.

Over he went to the poor pit, as often as he

- could, to see for himself; and over he turned in
his mind again and again the whys and where-
fores of the failure.

“ Weel, George,” said his friend Kit one day,
24 THE DISABLED ENGINE.

“what do you mak’ o’ her? Do you think you
could doctor her ?”

“Man,” answered George, “in a week’s time I
could send you to the bottom.”

The regular engineers were in high dudgeon
with the forth-putting brakeman. What right
had he to know how to cure an evil that had
baffled them? His words, however, were re-
ported at head-quarters; and the contractor was
not long in hastening over to see if he could make
his words good.

“Well, George,” he said, “ they tell me you
think you can put that engine to rights.”

“ Yes, sir,” replied the young man modestly ;
“TI think I can.”

As matters could be no worse, Mr. Dodds was
ready to let him try; and George agreed, on
condition that he should choose his own men to
help him, The old hands were highly indignant ;
but there was no help for it. So they were
ordered off, and George with his gang went on.

The engine was taken to pieces, examined,
righted, and put together again. It was set to
work. Did it go? Many a looker-on shook his
head doubtfully, and prophesied in his inmost
heart, “Vo go.” It pumped and pumped. The
AN ENGINEERING EXPLOIT. : 25

obstinate water found it had an antagonist that
could master it. In less than two days it disap-
peared from the pit, and workmen were sent to
the bottom. Who could gainsay George’s skill ?

Mr. Dodds, of course, was delighted. Over and
above his wages he put a ten-pound note into the
young man’s hand, and engaged him to superin-
tend his works for the future.

A profitable job was this.

The fame of this engineering exploit spread far
and wide. As an engine doctor he took the lead,
and many a wheezy old thing was brought him
to ‘cure. Envious engineers tried to put him
down. But real merit cannot be put down. It
is stern stuff.

George’s cottage showed the bent of his tastes.
It was like an old curiosity shop, full of models
of engines, complete or in parts, hanging and
standing round ; for busy as he had need to be,
eking out his means by engineering, clocks, and
coats, the ‘construction and improvement of ma-
chinery for the collieries was his hobby.

Likeness of taste drew a young farmer often to
the cottage—John Wigham—who spent most of
his evenings in George’s society. John had a
smattering of chemistry and philosophy, and a
26 A PROUD DAY.

superior knowledge of mathematics, which made
him a desirable companion. George put himself
under his tuition, and again took to “ figuring.”
Tasks set him in the evening were worked out
among the rough toils of the day. And so much
honest purpose did not fail to secure progress.
Drawing was another new line of effort. Sheets
of plans and sections gave his rude desk the air of
mind-work somewhere. Thus their winter even-
ings passed away. °

Bobby was growing up in a little thought-worid
by himself; for he could not fail to be interested
in all that interested his father—that father al-
ways making his son the companion of his studies,
and early introducing him into the curious and
cunning power of machinery.

Ah, that was a proud day when little Bob was
old enough, and knew enough, to be sent to the
academy at Newcastle. He was thirteen. His
father’s means had happily been increased. The
old engine-wright of the colliery having died,
George Stephenson was promoted to the post, on
the salary of a hundred pounds a year. This was
in 1812.

The new office relieving him from incessant
hard work, and the necessity of earning a shilling
A RICH STOREHOUSE. 27
by extra labours, he had more time for study and
fur verifying his plans of practical improvement ;
and the consequence was very considerable im-

provement in the machinery of the colliery to ~

which he was attached.

Meanwhile Robert’s education went on apace.
The boy was hungry for knowledge, not only for
himself, but to satisfy the voracious appetite of
his father, and the no less keen one of John
Wigham. :

Robert joined a literary and philosophical so-
ciety at Newcastle, whose fine library opened a
rich storehouse of material. Here the boy spent
most of his time out of school, storing his mind
with principles, facts, and illustrations, to carry
home on Saturday afternoon. Books also. The
“ Edinburgh Encyclopedia ” was at his command.
A volume of that at the cottage unfolded a world
of wonders. But the library had some books too
choice to be trusted away. How was Robert to
get the gist of these home? His father had often
said that a “good drawing and a well-executed
plan would always explain itself;” ahd many a
time he had placed a rough sketch of machinery
before his son, and told him to describe it.
Robert, therefore, when he could do no better,
28 WEEKLY DISCUSSIONS.

put his drilling to the test, and copied diagrams
and drew pictures, thus taking many an import-
ant and perhaps rare specimen of machinery and
science to Killingworth, for his father’s benefit.





THE SUN-DIAL.

We can well imagine Saturday afternoon was
as much a holiday to father as to son. Robert's
coming was hailed with delight. John did not
lag far behind.. Some of the neighbours dropped
in to listen to discussions which made the little
room a spot of lively interest and earnest toil.
THE SUN-DIAL. 29

A wide-awake mind allows nothing stagnant
around it.

Among the borrowed books of the day was
Ferguson’s “ Astronomy,” which put father and
son to calculating and constructing a sun-dial for
the latitude of Killingworth. It was wrought in
stone, and fixed on the cottage door, and there
stands still, with its date, August 11, 1816—a
year or two before. Robert left school—a fair
specimen of the drift of his boyish tastes,






CHAPTER III.

WHO BEGAN RAILROADS !—“ PUFFING BILLY.”

.

SSuAAMILIAR as it has become to us, who
xa /, does not stop to look with interest at the
} puffing, snorting, screaming steam-horse ?



And who does not rejoice in the iron-
Spe rail, which binds together, with its slen-
der threads, the north and the south, and makes
neighbours of the east and the west ?

“Who began railroads?” ask the boys again
and again.

The first idea of the modern railroad had its
birth at a colliery nearly two hundred years ago.
In order to lighten the labour of the horses, the
colliers laid straight pieces of wood into the road
leading from the pit to the river, where the coal
was discharged ; and the waggons were found to
run so much easier that one horse could draw
four or five chaldrons. As wood quickly wore
TRAM-ROADS. 31

out, and moreover was liable to rot, the next
step was nailing plates of iron on the wooden rails,
which gave them for a time the name of “ plate-
way roads.” A Mr. Outram making still further
improvements, they were called “ Outram roads,”
or, for shortness’ sake, “tram-roads;” and tram-
roads came into general use at the English col-
lieries.

«“ There’s mischief in those tram-roads,” said a
large canal owner, foreseeing they would one day
shove canal stock quite out of the market.

Improvements thus far had centred on the
roads. To convey heavy loads easier and faster
was the point aimed at. Nobody had yet thought
of self-going teams. Watt, the father of steam-
engines, said steam-carriages might be built. He,
however, never tried one; but rather left the
idea to sprout in the brain of an old pupil of his,
William Murdock, who did construct a very small
one, running on thin wheels and heated by a
lamp. It was a curious success in its way, and
set other minds thinking.

One of these was a tin-miner of Cornwall,
Captain Trovethick, a friend of Murdock, who
joined a cousin of his in getting a patent for
building a steam-carriage. It was built, and an
32 THE AFFRIGHTED TOLLMAN.

odd piece of machinery it was. It ran on four
wheels over a common road, looked like a stage-
coach, and delighted both the inventor and his
friends. ;

They determined to exhibit it at London.
While on its journey, driving it one day at the
top of its speed, they saw a toll-gate in the dis-
tance. Not being able to check it in time, bump
it went against the gate, which flew open in a
trice, leaving the affrighted tollman, in answer to
their inquiries, “How much to pay?” only able
to gasp out, “ No—noth-ing to pay! Drive off
as fast as you can! Nothing to pay!”

It reached London in safety, and was some
time on exhibition. Multitudes flocked to see it,
and some called it a fiery dragon.

“Ah,” said Sir Humphrey Davy, very much
interested in the invention, “I hope to see the
captain’s dragons on all the roads of England yet.”

But the captain exhibited it only as a curiosity,
the unevenness of the roads rendering it for all
practical purposes a failure; and the captain had
neither pluck nor genius enough to lay or clear a
track for it himself. This was in 1803.

The idea, however, was in England, lodging
itself here and there in busy brains ; until, at last,
“ BLACK BILLY.” 33

a colliery owner in Newcastle, seeing the great
advantage of having a locomotive on his tram-
roads, determined to try what he could do. Accord-
ingly, he had one built after the Cornish captain’s
model. It burst up at starting. Noways baffled,
he tried again. The engine proved a clumsy affair,
moved at a snail’s pace, often got off the rails, and
at lenoth, voted by the workmen a “perfect plague,”
it was taken off. The unsuccessful inventor was
called a fool by his neighbours, and his efforts an
apt illustration that “the fool and his money are
soon parted.” In spite of failure, Mr. Blackett
had faith that the thing could be done. He built
a third, and ran it on the tram-road that passed
by old Bob Stephenson’s cottage door. And
George at his colliery, seven miles off, as you may
suppose, listened to every account of it with pro-
found interest. Over he went, as often as he
could, to see “Black Billy,” as the locomotive
was called-—a rough specimen of machinery at
best, doing very little service beyond what a good
horse could do.

George carried “ Black Billy” back in his mind
to Killingworth, studying its defects, and laying
plans to improve it. I do not know how long he

was coming to it, but he at length gave it as his
(380) a
34 A NEW ENGINE.

opinion that he could make a better “travelling
engine” than that.

Tidings came to Killingworth about this time
that the trial-of a new engine was to take place
on a certain day at Leeds, and George did not lose
the chance of being present. Though the engine
moved no faster than three miles an hour, its con-
structor counted it a success. It proved, however,
unsteady and unreliable, and at last blew up,
which was the end of it.

What did George think then? He more than
ever wanted to try his hand at the business. Lord
Ravensworth, knowing enough of Stephenson to
have faith in him, hearing of this, advanced means
for the enterprise. Good tools and good workmen
were alike wanting ; but after much labour, altera-
tion, and anxiety, in ten months’ time the engine
was completed and put on the railway, July 25,
1814,

Although the best yet made, it was awkward
and slow. It carried eight loaded waggons of
thirty tons weight at a speed not above four miles
an hour. The want of springs occasioned a vast
deal of jolting, which damaged the machinery, and
at the close of a year’s trial, it was found about as
costly as horse-power.
HARD AT WORK. 35

How to increase the power of his engine? that
was the puzzling question which George studied
to answer. He wrestled with it day and night,
and at length determined to try again. In due
time another was built, “ Puffing Billy,’ which
most persons looked upon as a marvel; but, shak-
ing their heads, prophesied it would make a ter-



GEORGE STEPHENSON’S FIRST ENGINE.

rible blow-up some day. ‘‘ Puffing Billy,” however,
went to work, and worked steadily on, a vast
advance on all preceding attempts. It attracted
little or no attention outside the narrow circle of
the collieries. The great men of England did not
know that, in a far-off nook of the realm, there
was slowly generating a power, under the per-
36 “ PUFFING BILLY.”

sistent thought of an humble working man, which
before many years would revolutionize the trade
of the kingdom, and create a new source of
wealth.
« Puffing Billy,” in fact, humble as its preten-





“PUFFING BILLY.”

sions were, has proved to have been the type of
all locomotives since.

Had George Stephenson satisfied himself? No.
His evenings were chiefly spent at home with his
son Robert, now under him in the colliery, study-
ing and discussing together how to evoke the
hidden power yet pent up in “ Puffing Billy.”
ROBERT AT EDINBURGH. 37

The son was even more sanguine than his father,
and many an amendment had “ Billy” to under-
go to satisfy the quick intellect and practical
judgment of the youth.

Mr. Stephenson, delighted with Robert’s scien
tific tastes and skill, and ever alive to the de-
ficiencies of his own education, was anxious to
give him still further advantages. For this pur-
pose he took him from a promising post at the
colliery, and sent him to the University of Edin-
burgh.

Here he enjoyed a six months’ course of study;
and so well prepared was he for it by his well-
formed habits of application and thinking, that he
gained in six months as much as many a student did
in three years. Certain it was his father felt amply
repaid for the draft it made on his purse, when
Robert reappeared at the cottage, in the spring,
with a prize for successful scholarship in mathe-
matics. He was eighteen then.


CHAPTER IV.

‘TWO CITIES THAT WANTED TO GET NEAR EACH OTHER—-
A NEW FRIEND.





7 ANCHESTER, thirty miles south-east of
*%, Liverpool, is the great centre of the
2-<. cotton trade in England. Its cloths
ov are found in every market in the world.
ae Cotton coming to Liverpool is sent to

- the Manchester mills, and the goods
-which the mills turn out are returned to Liver-
pool to be shipped elsewhere. The two cities,
therefore, are intimately connected by constant
‘intercourse and mutual interest.

Two water communications existed between
them ; one by the rivers Mersey and Irwell, the
other by the famous Bridgewater Canal, which
did an immense business at an enormous profit.
But the Manchester mills were fast outgrowing
these slow and cumbersome modes of travel.
THE DEMANDS OF TRADE. 39

Liverpool warehouses were piled with bales of
cotton waiting to go, and the mills at Manchester
had often to stop because it did not come. Goods
also found as much difficulty in getting. back.
Merchants and manufacturers both grumbled.
Business was in straits. What was to be done?
Carting was quite out of the question. Canal
owners were besought to enlarge their water-
power. No, they would do nothing They
were satisfied with things as they were. Their
dividends were sure.

But want demands supply; need creates re-
sources. Something must be done to facilitate
the transit of goods between the two cities.
What? Build a tram-road, or a railroad. No-
' body, however, but a very fast man would risk
his good sense by seriously advising a railroad.
Solid men would certainly shun him. A tram-
road was a better understood thing. The col-
lieries had used small pieces of them for years.
A tram-road then. Business men put their heads
together and began earnestly to talk of a tram-
road.

Edward James, a rich and enterprising man,
entered heartily into the project, and undertook
to make surveys for a suitable route. And not
40 THE SURVEYORS.

long after a party of surveyors were seen in the
fields near Liverpool. Their instruments and
movements excited attention. People eyed them
with anxiety ;. suspicions were roused; the in-
habitants became alarmed. Who were they,
making such mysterious measurements and calcu-
lations on other people’s land? A mob gradually
gathered, whose angry tones and threatening
gestures warned the surveyors of a storm brewing
over their heads. Wisely considering that flight
was better than fight, they took themselves off,
and by-and-by turned up further on.

The landowners, who might be supposed to
have known better, told the farmers to. drive
them off; and the farmers, with their hands, were
only too ready to obey. They stationed them-
selves at the field-gates and bars with pitchforks,
rakes, shovels, sticks, and dared the surveyors to
come on. A poor chain-man, not quite as spry
as his pursuers, made his leap over a fence quick-
ened by a pitchfork from behind. Even women
and children joined the hue and cry, pelting the
strangers with stones and dirt whenever they had
achance. The colliers were not behind the farmers
in their foolish hostility. A stray surveyor was
caught and thrown into a pit.
/

A “NEW THING.” 41

At a sight of the theodolite their fury knew no
bounds. That unoffending instrument they seemed
to regard as the very Sebastopol of the enemy, to
seize and destroy which was to win the day.
The surveyors, therefore, were obliged to hire a
noted boxer to carry it, who could make good his
threats on the enemy. A famous fighter among
the colliers, determined not to be outdone, marched
up to the theodolite to capture it. A fist and fist
fight took place; the collier was sorely beaten,
but the rabble, taking his part against the poor
instrument, pelted it with stones and smashed it
to pieces.

You may well suppose that surveying under
such circumstances was no light matter. What
was the gist of the hostility? It is hard to tell.
The canal owners might have had a hand in
scattering these wild fears; fears of what, how-
ever, it is not so easy to find out. There was
nothing in a simple horse railroad, or tram-road,
as it is called, to provoke an opposition so bitter
from the people. It was a new thing; and new
things, great improvements as they may be on old
ones, often scare up a thousand doubts and fears
among the ignorant and unthinking.

Nor did the project generally take among those
42 THE TIME NOT COME.

who would be most benefited by it. Mr. James
and his friends held public meetings in all the
towns and villages along the way; enterprising
men in Liverpool and Manchester talked it up,
and tried to create a public interest; but there
was a holding back, which, while it checked all
actual progress in the enterprise, did not cause it
to be altogether given up. The time had not
come; that was all.

Mr. James had a secret leaning towards the
use of steam on the new road. He would have
immediately and unhesitatingly advocated a rail-
road run by locomotives. But that was out of
the question. The public were far behind that
point, and to have openly advocated it would
have risked his judgment and good sense in the
opinion of the best men. Therefore Mr, James
wisely held his tongue. But hearing of the
Killingworth locomotives, and a collier who had
astonished the natives by his genius, he deter-
mined to make a journey to Newcastle, and see
the lions for himself.

Stephenson was not at home. “Puffing Billy”
was; and “Billy” puffed in a way that took Mr.
James’s heart at once. He seemed to see at

99?

a glance “ Billy’s” remarkable power, and was
A VISIT TO “‘ PUFFING BILLY.” 43

struck with admiration and delight. “Here is
an engine,” he exclaimed, “that is destined before
long to work a complete revolution in society.”

The image of “ Puffing Billy” followed him
home.

“Why,” he wrote to Stephenson’s partner in
the patent, “it is the greatest wonder of the
age, and the forerunner, I believe, of most im-
portant changes in the modes of travel in the
kingdom.”

A few weeks later he made another visit to
* Killingworth, taking his two sons with him.
“ Puffing Billy ” was at work, as usual.

The boys were frightened at the sight of the
snorting monster; but Stephenson encouraged
them to mount, with their father, and see how
harmless and manageable the monster was.

The second visit was even more gratifying than
the first.

“Mr. Stephenson,” said James, “is the greatest
practical genius of the age. His fame will rank
with that of Watt.”

Mr. James lost all hesitation now about speak-
ing his mind. “Puffing Billy” had driven the
backwardness out of him, and he was willing, at
all hazards, boldly to advocate railroads and the

?
44 A ZEALOUS ADVOCATE.



THE VISIT TO ‘‘ PUFFING BILLY.”

steam-horse. No more tram-roads; steam or no-
thing. This was in 1821.

Mr. James entered heart and soul into the
new idea of the age. On his return to Liverpool,
it was everywhere his theme; and wherever he
had influence, he tried to stir up men’s minds to
the benefits and blessings puffing out in “ Puffing
Billy.”

Stephenson rejoiced in such a friend. It was
just what he and “ Billy” most needed—some-
body to introduce them into the great world.
And Stephenson and his partner offered him a


PUBLIC OPINION. 45

share in the profits of whatever business he could
secure to them.

But what can one man, or a few men, do in
an.enterprise like this, depending upon the ver-
dict of that important power, Public Opinion ?
And Public Opinion had not yet made up its
mind to it.

A thousand difficulties bristled in the way ;
there were both the indifference of friends and
the opposition of enemies at home. In addition
to this, a violent opposition was foreseen in Par-
liament, which it needed all the strength and
_ courage of a united constituency to meet.

Under these discouraging circumstances, there
were not enough men of pluck to push the matter
through.

So everything about the new road went by
the board. It was laid on the shelf, at least for
the present, and Liverpool and Manchester trade
jogged on as before.




CHAPTER V.

HUNTING UP HIS OWN WORK—AN ENTERPRISING QUAKER
—WHAT WAS THE RESULT 1
eee,
s 7,

QPoT appears strange to us that so simple a
A =, thing as the laying of a rail seems to be
ge should have taken years of thought and
“ experiment to do it. Nothing looks

‘ easier to have done than the straight,




smooth track of a railway, such as we now see in
use; and yet it was only arrived at by slow
steps through two hundred years.

In pondering upon the powers of “ Puffing
Billy,” George Stephenson saw that the efficiency
of locomotives must, in a great measure, depend
upon what kind of roads they had to run upon.
Many were sanguine that steam-carriages would
some day come into use on common roads. After
a long series of experiments, George Stephenson

_said, “No; the thing wouldn't pay.” For a
SLOW PROGRESS. 47

rough surface seriously impairs the powers of a
locomotive ; sand scattered upon the rails is suf-
ficient to slacken, and even stop an engine. The
least possible friction is desirable, and this is
found on the smooth rail. °

Could they ever be laid uphill, or on “ ascend-

?

ing gradients,” as the scientific term is? No; as
nearly level as possible, Stephenson’s experiments
showed, was the best economy of power. Then
how to get rid of the jolts and jars and breakages
of the rails as they were then laid. He studied
and experimented upon both chairs and sleepers,
and‘finally embodied all his improvements in the
colliery railway.

“ Puffing Billy” was in every respect a most
remarkable piece of machinery, and its constructor
one of the most sagacious and persistent of men.
But how was the public, ever slow in discovering
true merit or accepting real benefits, to discover
and appreciate them? Neither influence, educa-
tion, or patronage had Stephenson to command
mind and means, or to drive his engine through
prejudice, indifference, and opposition, to profit
and success.

But what he could not do, other men could do,
and did do. Find a hook, and there is an eye to
48 EDWARD PEASE.

fit it somewhere. Yes; there were already men
of property and standing alive with the new idea.
While he worked, they talked. As yet unknown
to each other, but each by himself clearing the
track for a grand junction.

One of these live men was Edward Pease, a
rich Quaker of Darlington, who, his friends said,
“could look a hundred miles ahead.” He needed
a quicker and easier transit for his coal from
the collieries north of Darlington to Stockton,
where they were shipped; and Mr. Pease began
to agitate, in his mind, a railroad. A company
for this purpose was formed, chiefly of his
own friends, whom he fairly talked into it.
Ycarcely twenty shares were taken by the mer-
chants and shipowners of Stockton, whose eyes
were not open to the advantage it would by-and-
by be to them. A survey of the proposed road
was made, when to the indifference of the many
was added the opposition of the few. A duke
was afraid for his foxes. Shareholders in the
turnpikes declared it would ruin their stock.
Timid men said it was a new thing, and it was
best to let new things alone. The world would
never improve much under such counsel. Edward
Pease was hampered on all sides. Nobody con-
A VISIT TO DARLINGTON. 49

vineed him that his first plan was not the right
one by all odds; but what can a man do in any
public enterprise without supporters? So he re-
luctantly was obliged to give up his railroad, and
ask Parliament for liberty to build a tram-road
—horse-power instead of steam-power ; he could
seem to do no better, and even this was gotten
only after long delay and at considerable cost.

Among the thousands who carelessly read in
the newspapers the passage through Parliament
of the Stockton and Darlington Act, there was
one humble man whose eye kindled as he read it.
In his bosom it awakened a profound interest.
He went to bed and got up brooding over it.
He was hungry to have a hand in it; until at
last, yearning with an irrepressible desire to do
his own work in the world, he felt. he must go
forth to seek it.

One night a couple of strangers knocked at
the door of Edward Pease’s house in Darlington,
and introduced themselves as two Killingworth
colliers. One of them handed the master of the
mansion a letter of introduction from a gentleman
of Newcastle, recommending him as a man who
might prove useful in carrying out his contem-
plated road.

(380) 4
50 — THE TWO STRANGERS.

To support the application, a friend accom-
panied him. :
The man was George Stephenson, and his





























7
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THE TWO STRANGERS.

friend was Nicholas Wood. It did not take long
for Edward Pease to see that Stephenson was
precisely the man he wanted.

“ A railway and not a tram-road,” said Stephen-
son, when the subject was fairly and fully
opened.

“A horse-railway ?” asked Pease.
THE WORK BEGUN. 51

“A locomotive engine is worth fifty horses,”
exclaimed Stephenson; and once on the track,
he launched out boldly in its behalf.

“Come over to Killingworth and see my
‘Puffing Billy,’” said George; “seeing is believ-
ing.’ And Mr. Pease, as you may suppose, was
quite anxious to see a machine that would out-
ride the fleetest horse. Yet he did not need
“ Puffing Billy” to convince him that its con-
structor knew what he was advocating, and could
make good his pledges. The good Quaker’s
courage rapidly rose. He took a new start, and
the consequence was that all other plans and men
were thrown aside, and Stephenson was engaged
to put the road through much in his own way.

The first thing to be done was to make an
accurate survey of the proposed route. Taking
Robert with him, who had just come from college,
and who entered as heartily into the enterprise
as his father, with two other tried men, they
began work in good earnest. From daylight till
night the surveyors were on duty. One of the
men going to Darlington to sleep one night, four
miles off, “Now, you must not start from Dar-
lington at daybreak,” said Stephenson, “but be
here, ready to begin work, at daybreak.” He

2
2 “ BILLY'S ” PERFORMANCE.

ot

and Robert used to make their home at the farm-
houses along the way, where his good-humour
and friendliness made him a great favourite. The
children loved him dearly. The dogs wagged
their approving tails at his approach. The birds
had a delighted listener to their morning songs,
and every dumb creature had a kind glance from
his friendly eye.

But George was not satisfied until Mr. Pease
came to Killingworth to see “ Puffing Billy,” and
become convinced of its economical habits by an
examination of the colliery accounts. He pro-
mised, therefore, to follow George hither, bring-
ing with him a large stockholder ; and over they
went in the summer of 1822.

Inquiring for Stephenson, they were directed
\to’ the cottage with a stone dial over the door.
George drove his locomotive up, hoisted in the
gentlemen, harnessed on a heavy load, and away
they went. George no doubt showed “ Billy” off
to the best advantage. “Billy” performed ad-
mirably ; and the two wondering stockholders
went home enthusiastic believers in locomotive
power.

A good many things had to be settled by the
Darlington project. One was the width of the
HOPE AND FEAR. 53

gauge—that is, the distance between the rails,
How wide apart should they be? Stephenson
said the space between the cart and waggon
wheels of a common road was a good criterion.
The tram-roads had been laid down by this gauge
—four feet and eight inches—and he thought it
about right for the railway; so this gauge was
adopted.

One thing which hampered Stephenson not a
little was the want of the right sort of workmen
—dquick-minded, skilful mechanics, who could put
his ideas into the right shape. The labour of
originating so much we can never know. He
had nothing to copy from, and nobody’s experi-
ence to go by. Happily he proved equal to his
task. We can readily imagine his anxiety as the
work progressed. Hope and fear must have in
turn raised and depressed him. Not that he had
any doubts in regard to the final issue of the
grand experiment of railroads. They must go.

Dining one day at a small inn with Robert and
John Dixon, after walking over the route, then
nearly completed—“ Lads,” he said, “I think you
will live to see the day when railroads will be the
great highway for the king and all his subjects.
The time is coming when it will be cheaper for
54 “BIG DIFFICULTIES.”

















































A TALK ABOUT RAILWAYS.

a working-man to travel on a railway than to
walk on foot. There are big difficulties in the
way, I know; but it will surely come to pass,
WORKING ALONE. 55

I can hardly hope to live and see that day, much
as I should like to do so; for I know how slow
all human progress is, and how hard it is to make
men believe in the locomotive, even after our ten
years’ success in Killingworth.”

While the father roughed it through, Robert's
health failed. His close application to business
made sad inroads upon a frame naturally more
delicate than his father’s; and an offer to go out
and superintend some mining operations in South
America was thankfully accepted, in the hope that
a sea-voyage and less exciting labours might re-
store him.

Robert shortly sailed; and his father pushed
on alone, with that brave spirit which carried
him through many a darker hour.

On the 27th of September, the Stockton and
Darlington Railway was finished and opened. A
great many came to see the new mode of travel-
ling, which had proved a fruitful subject of talk,
far and near, for many months—some to rejoice ;
some to see the bubble burst; some with wonder,
not knowing what to think; some with deter-
mined hostility. The opposition was strong; old
England against young England; the counter
currents of old and new ideas.
56 THE STOCKTON RAILROAD.

The road ran from Stockton to Darlington, a
distance of twelve miles, and thence to the Etherly
collieries—in all, thirty-two miles.

Four steam-engines were employed, and two
stationary engines to hoist the trains over two
hills on the route. The locomotives were of six-
horse power, and went at the rate of five or six
miles an hour. Slow as this was, it was regarded
with wonder. most a miracle. One day a race came off between
a locomotive and a coach running on the common
highway; and it was regarded as a great triumph
that the former reached Stockton first, leaving the
coach one hundred yards behind.

The road was built for a freight road, to con-
vey lime, coal, and bricks from the mines and
kilns in the interior to the sea-board, for ship-
ment abroad. Carrying passengers was not
thought of. Enterprise, however, in this direc-
tion took a new start. A company was soon
formed to run two coaches on the rails between
Darlington and Stockton by horse-power. Each
coach accommodated six inside passengers, and
from fifteen to twenty outside; was drawn by
one horse, and went at the rate of nine miles an
hour.
SMALL BEGINNINGS. 57

“We seated ourselves,” said a traveller of those
days, “on the top of the ‘Defence’ coach, and
started from Stockton highly interested with the
novelty of the scene and of this new and extra-
ordinary conveyance. Nothing could be more
surprising than the rapidity and smoothness of
the motion.” Yet the coach was without springs,
and jerked and jolted over the joints of the rails
with a noise like the clinking of a mill-hopper.

“Such is the first great attempt to establish the
use of railways,’ writes a delighted editor, “for
the general purposes of travelling ; and such is its
success, that the traffic is already great ; and con-
sidering that there was formerly no coach at all
on either of the roads along which the railroad runs,
quite wonderful. A trade and intercourse have
arisen out of nothing, and nobody knows how.”

Such was their small and imperfect beginning,
we should say, now that railroads, improved and
perfected, have fulfilled Stephenson’s prediction
uttered in the little inn, and have become the
great highways of the civilized world.




CHAPTER VI.

THE TWO CITIES TRYING AGAIN—-BUGBEARS.



BNE , two, three years passed by, and the
; ‘ Cae and Manchester project started

up again. It was not dead, it had only
slept; and the three years had almost

4 worn out the patience of both merchants
and manufacturers. Trade between the two cities
must have speedier and easier transit. Trade is
one of the great progressive elements in the world.
It goes ahead ; it will have the right of way; it
will have the right way—the best, safest, cheapest
way of doing its business. Yet it is not. selfish ;
its object is the comfort and well-being of men.
To do this, it breaks down many a wall which
selfishness has built up, it cuts through prejudices,
it rides over a thousand “can’t be’s” of timid and
learned men ; for learned men are not always prac-
tical. They sometimes say things cannot be done,


LEARNED OBJECTIONS. 59°

when it only needs a little stout trying to over-
come difficulties and do them.

A learned man once said crossing the Atlantic
by steam was impossible.

“For the good of the race, we must have
something truer than wind and tougher than
sails,” said Trade. And it was not many years
before ships steamed into every port.

“Carriages travelling at twelve, sixteen, eight-
een, twenty miles an hour! Such gross exag-
gerations of the power of a locomotive we scout.
’ It can never be!” cries a sober quarterly.

“You may scout it as much as you please,”
rejoins Trade; “but just as soon as people need
cheaper, pleasanter, swifter modes of travel, it
will be done.”’ And now the railroad threads
the land in its arrowy flight.

“The magnetic telegraph! a miserable chimera,”
cries a knowing statesman. “Nobody who does
not read outlandish jargon can understand what
a telegraph means.”

“You will soon find out,” answers Trade. And
now it buys pork by the hundred barrels, and sells
grain by the thousand bushels; while armies march
and fleets sail at its bidding. Treaties are signed at
its word; and the telegraph girdles the world.
60 RAILWAYS VERSUS CANALS.

You see trade is a civilizer; and Christian
civilization makes all the difference in the world
between Arabs and Englishmen.

Liverpogl merchants were now fairly awake.
“What is to be done?” was the question. Some-
thing. Could there be a third water-line between
the two cities? No; there was not water enough
for that.

Would the Bridgewater Canal increase its
power and reduce its charges? No.

A. tram-road or railroad, then. There was no
other alternative.

Mr. James, who was so much interested before,
had failed and left the country. When he left,
he said to his friends, “When you build a road,
build a railroad, and get George Stephenson to do
it.”

The Darlington and Stockton enterprise could
not fail to be known at Liverpool; and a drift
of opinion gradually began to set strongly in
favour of the railway. People talked about it in
good earnest.

“A railway!” cried the canal owners. ‘It is
absurd—it is only got up to frighten us—it will
slump through, as it did before.’”’” They were easy.

“ Let us go to Darlington and Killingworth and
FUNDS SUBSCRIBED. 61

see for ourselves,” said the merchants; and four
gentlemen were sent on a visit of inquiry. They
went first to Darlington, where the works were
in vigorous progress, though not done. It was
in 1824, the year before they were finished.
Here they met Stephenson. He took them to
Killingworth to see “ Puffing Billy.”

Seeing was believing. “Billy’s” astonishing
feats won them completely over; and they went
back to Liverpool warm for a railroad. Their
clear and candid report convinced - merchants,
bankers, and manufacturers, who gave a verdict
in its favour. Public opinion was now coming
over.

Books were opened for funds. There was no
lack of subscribers. Money was ready. To be
sure of the safety of locomotive power, a second
deputation was sent to Killingworth, taking with
them a practical mechanic, better able to judge
about it than themselves. The man had sense
enough to see and to own that while he could
not insure safety over nine or ten miles an hour,
there was nothing to be afraid of slower than that.
Then a third body went. The enterprise required
caution, they thought.

Yes, it did.
62 THE RIGHT MAN.

Having decided upon steam-power, the next
thing was to secure the right sort of man to carry
on the work. Stephenson was that man. His
energy and ability were indispensable. Before
trying to get a charter from Parliament, the route
needed to be surveyed again, and a careful esti-
mate of expenses made.

The Stockton road done, Stephenson was free
to engage in this new enterprise; his success in
that proving his principles true on a larger scale.

The canal owners now took alarm. They saw
there was a dangerous rival, and they came for-
ward in the most civil and conciliatory manner,
professing a wish to oblige, and offering to put
steam-power on their canals. It was too late.
Their day had gone by.

You know the violent opposition made to a
former survey. How would it be again? Did
three years scatter the ignorance out of which it
grew? Ah, no. There was little if any im-
provement. The surveyors were watched and
dogged by night and by day. Boys hooted at
them, and gangs of turbulent men threatened
them with violence. Mr. Stephenson barely
escaped duckings, and his unfortunate instru-
ments capture and destruction. Indeed, he had
THE SURVEYOR’S TROUBLES. 63

to take with him a body-guard to defend them.
Much of the surveying had to be done by stealth,
when people were at dinner, or with a dark lan-
tern at night.

When dukes and lords headed the hostility,























































































































































































































































SURVEYING AT NIGHT.

you cannot wonder that their dependents carried
it on. One gentleman declared he would rather
meet a highwayman or see a burglar on his pre-
mises than an engineer; and of the two classes
he thought the former the more respectable!
Widows complained of damaged corn-fields, and
gardeners of their violated strawberry-beds; and
though Stephenson well knew that in many cases
not a whit of damage had been done, he paid
64 OPPOSITION.

them for fancied injuries in the hope of stopping
their tongues.

A survey made under such circumstances must
needs have been imperfect; but it was as good
as could be made. And no time was lost in
taking measures to get a bill before Parliament.

A storm of opposition against railways sud-
denly arose, and spread over every corner of the
kingdom. Newspapers and pamphlets swarmed
with articles crying them down. Canal and turn-
pike owners spared no pains to crush them. The
most extraordinary stories were set afloat con-
cerning their dangers. Boilers would burst, and
passengers be blown to atoms; houses along the
way would be burned; the air would become
black with smoke and poisoned by cinders; and
property on the road be stripped of its value.

The Liverpool and Manchester Bill, however,
got into Parliament, and went before a Committee
of the House of Commons to decide upon it, in
March 1825,

First, its friends had to show the necessity of
some new mode of travel between the two cities ;
and that it was not difficult to do.

- But when it came to asking for liberty to build
a railway and run a locomotive, the matter was
THE CHIEF WITNESS. 65

more difficult to manage. And to face the tre-
mendous opposition rallied against it, the pluck
of its friends was severely tried.

The battle had to be fought inch by inch.

Stephenson, of course, was the. chief witness
for locomotives. But what headway could he, an
uneducated Northumbrian mechanic, make against
members of Parliament, backed by all the chief
engineers of the kingdom. For very few had
faith in him; but those few had strong faith.
He was examined and cross-examined. They
tried to bully him, to puzzle him, to frighten him.
On the subject of locomotives his answers were
clear. He declared he could drive an engine, and
drive it safely, at the rate of twelve miles an
hour !

“Who can believe what is so notoriously in
the teeth of all experience?” cried the opposi-
tion; ‘the witness is a madman!”

~ Famous engineers were called on the stand.
What had they to say? One declared the
scheme a most wild one. He had no confidence
in locomotives. They were affected by the wind,
the weather; with difficulty were kept on the
track, and were liable to constant accidents; in-

deed, a gale of wind would render it impossible
(380) 5
66 LEARNED ARGUMENTS.

to start a locomotive, either by poking the fire or
keeping up the steam till the boiler should
burst : they could never be relied on.

The proposed route had to cross an ugly quag-
mire, several miles in extent, called Chat Moss, a
very shaky piece of land, no doubt; and here the
opposition took a strong stand. “No engineer in
his senses,” cried one, “would think of going
through Chat Moss. No carriage could stand on
the Moss short of the bottom.”

“Tt is absurd to hold out the notion that loco-
motives can travel twice as fast as stage-coaches,”
says another; “one might as soon trust himself
to a rocket, as to the mercy of a machine going at
that rate.”

“Carriages cannot go at anything like that —
speed,” added another; “if driven to it, the
wheels would only spin on their axles like a top,
and the carriages would stand stock-still !”

So much for learned arguments against it.

Then came the dangers of it. The dumb
animals would never recover from the sight of a
locomotive; cows would not give their milk;
cattle could not graze, or horses be driven along
the track, cried the opposition.

“As to that,’ said Stephenson, “come to
‘AN AWKWARD CIRCUMSTANCE. 67

Killingworth and see. More quiet and sensible
beasts cannot be found in the kingdom. The
farmers there never complain.”

“Well,” asked one of them, “suppose, now, one
of those engines to be going along a railroad at
the rate of nine or ten miles an hour, and that a
cow were to stray upon the line and get in the
way of the engine; would not that, think you,
be a very awkward circumstance?”

“Yes,” answered Stephenson, with a droll
twinkle in his eye; “very awkward indeed—/or
the coo !”

The fellow, as you may suppose, backed off

The danger in other respects was thus dwelt
on: “In addition to the smoke and the noise,
the hiss and the whirl, which locomotive engines
make, going at the rate of ten or twelve miles an

hour, and filling the cattle with dismay, what,”
asked an honourable member, “‘is to be done with
all those who have advanced money in making
and mending turnpikes? What with those who
may still wish to travel in their own or hired
carriages, after the fashion of their forefathers ?
What is to become of coach-makers and harness-
makers, coach-masters and workmen, inn-keepers,
~ horse-breeders, and horse-dealers? Iron would
68 ABUSE OF STEPHENSON.

be raised one hundred per cent., or more probably
exhausted altogether! The price of coal would
be ruinous. Why, a railroad would be the
greatest nuisance, the biggest disturbance of quiet
and comfort, in all parts of the kingdom, that the
ingenuity of man could invent.”

Not content with belittling his engine, they
could not stop short of abusing Stephenson him-
self. “He is more fit for Bedlam than anywhere
else,” they cried; “he never had a plan—he is
not capable of making one. Whenever a: diffi-
culty is pressed, as in the case of a tunnel, he
-gets out of it at one end; and when you try to
catch him at that, he gets out at the other.”

“We protest,” they said, “against a measure
supported by such evidence and founded upon
such calculations. We protest against the Ex-
change of Liverpool striding across the land of
this country. It is despotism itself.”

What had the friends of locomotive power to
say ?

“We beseech you,” they pleaded to the com-
mittee, “not to crush it in its infancy. Let not
this country have the disgrace of putting a stop
to that which, if cherished, may in the end prove
of the greatest advantage to our trade and com-
THE BILL LOST. 69

merce. We appeal to you in the name of the
two largest towns in England ; we appeal to you
in the name of the country at large; and we im-
plore you not to blast the hopes that this power-
ful agent, steam, may be called in aid for the
purpose of land communication; only let it have
a fair trial, and these little objections and private
prejudices will be done away.”

Flaws were picked in the surveys, and the
estimate of costs based on them. The surveys,
quite likely, were imperfect ; indeed, how could
they be otherwise, when every mile of the line
had to be done at the risk of their necks ?

The battle lasted two months, and a very ex-
citing one it was. It was skilfully and power-
fully carried on. Who beat ?

The opposition. The bill was lost.

Matters looked dark enough. Judging from
appearances, the enterprise was laid on the shelf,
and the day of railways long put off As for
poor Stephenson, his short day of favour seemed
about gone. His being called a madman, and
regarded as a fool, as he had been by the oppo-
sition, was not without its effect upon his newly-
made friends. Their faith in him sensibly cooled.
But he did not lose faith in himself, not he. He
70 “NEVER GIVE UP.”

had waited long for the triumph of his engine, and
he could wait ‘longer. A great blessing to the
nation was locked up in it, he well knew, and
the nation would have it some time, in spite of
everything.

Was the enterprise a second time to be aban-
doned? No, no. Taking breath, its friends again
started on their feet. “Never give up” was
their motto, for they were in earnest. They
rallied, and met in London to consult what to do
next. ;

Mr. Huskisson, a member of Parliament for
Liverpool, came into the meeting and urged them
to try again—to try at the next session of Parlia-
ment.

“ Parliament must, in the end, grant you an
act,” he said, “if you are determined to have it.”
And try they determined to, for a horse railroad
at least.

For this purpose another and more careful
survey had to be made.

Stephenson was left out. A known man must
be had. They meant to get surveyors and engi-
neers with well-established reputations to back
them up. Stephenson was too little known. He
had no fame beyond a little circle in one corner
A NEW BILL. 71

of the kingdom. How did he feel to be thus
thrown in the background? George was not a
man to grumble; he was too noble to complain.
In fact, you see, he was-ahead of the times; too
far ahead to be understood and appreciated.
He could afford to wait.

Two brothers by the name of Rennie were
appointed in his stead. In time the new survey
was finished ; the plans drawn, and the expenses
reckoned up. Changes were made in the route.
Ill-tempered landowners were left on one side,
and every ground of complaint avoided that could
be.

The new bill was then carried to Parliament,
and went before the Committee in March the next
year. The opposition was strong indeed, but less
furious. Much of its bitterness was gone. It
made a great show of fears, which the advocates
of the bill felt it was not worth while to waste
words in answering. They left it to the road to
answer them. - Build it, and see.

Mr. Huskisson and others supported it in a
strong and manly tone; and after a third reading,
the bill passed in the House of Commons. So
far, so good. It then had to go to the House of
Lords. What would befall it there? The same
72 VICTORY.

array of evidence on both sides was put forward.
The poor locomotive engine, which had proved
such a bugbear in the House of Commons, was re-
garded as quite,a harmless affair by most of the
lords ; and the opposition made such poor work in
showing off its dangers, that no plea in its behalf
was called for. They were satisfied, they said, and
the bill passed almost unanimously. Victory!
Victory !

The victory cost more than twenty thousand
pounds! For a first cost it looked large. But
nothing worth doing can be done without effort,
and effort made on faith. Nothing done, nothing
have.






Seonifansy

Uaeost

i ee



CHAPTER VII.

GRAPPLING WITH DIFFICULTIES—-THE BOG—-A PUZZLE—
THE PRIZE OFFER.



HE real work was now to be done. Hopes
and fears had yet to be verified.

At the first, meeting of the directors,
a man to put the enterprise through was
; to be chosen. Who? The Rennies
were anxious to get the appointment. They
naturally expected it. They had made the survey,
and their name had had weight in getting the Act
of Parliament. But they could not superintend
the details of the work. They had other enter-
prises on foot.

Stephenson, no doubt, was the man. The
directors felt him to be so. No one could long
be with him without feeling his power. Besides,
what he had done had been ably done. At the risk
of offending the Rennies and their friends, they
74 CHAT MOSS.

chose him, and the result proved the wisdom of
their choice.

On receiving the appointment, he immediately
moved to Liverpool, and the work began in good
earnest. It was a stupendous undertaking for
those days. Chat Moss had to be filled in, sixty-
three bridges built, excavations made, tunnels
erected, and all the practical details carried out,
with very little past experience to profit by.
Neither was the kind of labour well understood,
nor was there that division of labour between
contractors and engineers which relieves one man
of too heavy a responsibility. In fact, both tools
and men had to be made; and Stephenson had to
do it,

The great quagmire was first grappled with.
“No man in his senses would undertake to make
a road over Chat Moss,” opposers said in Parlia-
ment; “that was to undertake the impossible.”
Stephenson, however, meant to try. Formidable -
it certainly was. Cattle ploughing on farms
bordering the bog, where it ran underneath the
tilled land, had to wear flat-soled boots in order
to keep their hoofs from sinking down into the

>

soft soil.
The proposed route ran four miles across it,
THE GREEDY BOG. 75

and the way had to be drained and filled in with
sand and gravel. The drainage tasked their
ingenuity to the utmost, and almost baffled the
workmen, After that was in some degree accom-
plished, waggon after waggon full of earth was
thrown on for weeks and weeks, and it only





































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































CHAT MOSS.

sank into the mire and disappeared : not an inch
of solid footing seemed gained ; and on they went,
filling and filling, without apparently having made
the least impression on the Moss,—the greedy
bog only cried out for more.
Stephenson’s men began to have their doubts.
76 “GO AHEAD.”

The opposition might have judged more correctly
after all. They asked him what he thought.
“Go ahead!” was his answer. By-and-by the
directors began to have their fears. It looked to
them like a very unpromising job. So it was.
After waiting and waiting in vain for signs of
progress, they called a meeting on the edge of the
Moss, to see if it were not best to give up. The
bog, they were afraid, might swallow up all their
funds, as it had everything else. Stephenson lost
not a whit of his courage. “Go ahead!” was his
counsel. He never for a moment doubted of
final success. And considering the great outlay
already made, they wisely gave in to him.
Monstrous stories were afloat of the terrible
accidents taking place there. Every now and
then the stage drivers brought into Manchester
the astonishing news of men, horses, carts, and
Stephenson himself, submerged and sunk for ever
in the insatiable quagmire. Time corrected one
only to publish another. Newsmongers were
kept in a state of delightful excitement, and tea-
table gossip was spiced to suit the most credulous
and marvel-loving taste, until the Moss was con-
quered, as conquered it was acknowledged to be,
when, six months after the directors had met to
DANGERS OF TUNNELLING. 77

vote to leave it to its original unproductiveness,
they were driven over it on a smooth and secure
rail to Manchester.

Another tough job was tunnelling Liverpool—
excavating a mile and a third of road through
solid rock. Night and day the boring, blasting,
and hewing were kept in vigorous execution.
Sometimes the miners were deluged with water,
sometimes they were in danger of being over-
whelmed by heavy falls of wet sand from over-
head. Once, when Stephenson was gone from
town, a mass of loose earth came tumbling on
the heads of the workmen, frightening them, if
nothing more. On his return they were in a
most refractory state, complaining of the dangers,
and stoutly refusing to go back to work. Wast-
ing no time on words, Stephenson shouldered a
pick-axe, and called for recruits to follow. Into
the tunnel he marched, and the whole gang after
him. Nothing more was heard of fears, and the
work went bravely on.

Besides laying out all the work, Stephenson
had to make his tools. All their waggons, trucks,
carriages, switches, crosses, signals, were planned
and manufactured under his superintendence, be-
sides meeting and providing for a thousand exi-
78 IMPORTANCE OF DETAIL.

gencies constantly occurring in a new enterprise
like this, giving full scope to all the sagacity, in-
vention, and good-humour which naturally be-
longed to him:

The expenses of the road were heavy, and
money was not always forthcoming. If the
works lagged in consequence of it, the hopes of
the directors fell; so that Stephenson’s energies
were taxed to the utmost during the four years
of the work; and he showed, what observation
and history both teach us, that efficient men are
men of detail as well as men of great plans.

Remember this, boys— for we sometimes
despise little particulars and the day of small
things——that the secret of effective doing lies not
only in making wise plans, but in filling up the
minutest parts with promptness and fidelity.
There must be detail to achieve any great and
good work. If you would possess the fruits of
learning, you must get them by the toil of daily
drudgery. If you undertake to become rich, you
must not despise the small gains and little
economies by which a fortune is made. If you
would obtain a noble Christian manhood, you
must not neglect hourly self-restraint, watchful-
ness, and prayer, or the daily exercise of those
LATE AND EARLY. 79

humbler virtues and godly industries which make
the woof of character.

Stephenson strikingly illustrated the practical
force of this principle. The minutest detail of
every plan in this new enterprise was thought
out and carried on by himself, or under his
direct supervision. Both in summer and winter
he rose. early. Before breakfast you might find
him on a morning round, visiting the extensive
workshops where their machines and tools were
made; or perhaps Bobby is brought to the door,
and mounted on this his favourite horse, he is off
fifteen miles to inspect the progress of a viaduct
—a ride long enough to whet the appetite for a
tempting breakfast, one would think. But no-
thing tempts him from his frugal habits: he eats
“crowdie”—and that made by himself—which is
nothing more or less than oat-meal hasty-pudding
and milk. Again he is off, inspecting the labours
of his men all along the line from point to point,
pushing the works here, advising there, and in-.
spiring everywhere. Bobby is a living witness
that one beast, at least, is not to be scared by a
locomotive. He can face the snorting monster
without so much as a shy step, or a prick of the
ears. He afraid! not Bobby.
8&0 LEARN FOR YOURSELVES.

Returning home, pay-rolls are to be examined,
perhaps, when every item of expense must be
accounted for; or drawings are to be made, or
directions given, or letters written.

Several young men were received into his
family to be trained for engineers, ‘A second
wife—frugal, gentle, and friendly—superintended
his household. Their evenings were passed in
study and conversation, brightened by the genial
humour of the remarkable man whose genius
drew them together, and whose good-tempered
pleasantries relieved the heavier tasks of mind
and body. The compendium of all his instruction
was,—Learn for yourselves, think for yourselves,
master principles, persevere, be industrious, and
there is no fear for you. It is an indication of
the value of these instructions, that every young
man trained under him rose to eminent useful-
ness. “Ah,” he sometimes said, on relating a
bit of his own early history, “you don’t know
what work is in these days.” And yet work is -
work all the world over.

In spite of the best Stephenson could do, the
directors, looking at their unproductive capital,
and not fully comprehending all the difficulties to
be overcome, sometimes urged greater despatch.
READY FOR THE ENGINE. 81

?

“Now, George,” said friend Cropper one day,
“thou must get on with the railway ; thou must
really have it opened by the first of January
next.”

“ Consider the heavy nature of the works, sir,”
rejoined George, “and how much we have been
delayed by want of money, to say nothing of the
bad weather. The thing is impossible.”

“Impossible!” cried Cropper. “I wish I>
could get Napoleon to thee ; he would tell thee
there is no such word as ‘ impossible.’ ”

“Tush!” exclaimed George, “don’t tell me
about Napoleon. Give me men, money, and
material, and I'll do what Napoleon couldn’t do
—drive a railroad over Chat Moss.”

He might have retorted more significantly by
asking the directors what they meant to do; for
Liverpool was tunnelled and Chat Moss railed
before they could agree what kind of power to
put on it. There were some who insisted upon
using horse-power ; but the majority thought that
was out of the question. Meeting after meeting
was held, debate followed debate, and the whole
body became more and more puzzled as the road
itself neared completion.

Some kind of machine; but what ?—ah, that

(380) 6
82 AN ENGINE ORDERED.

was the question. You would naturally have |
thought, a locomotive, of course. But no; since
Parliament opposition raged against it, steam had
lost ground in, the public estimation, and it was
very slow in getting back to favour. Locomo-
tives, or travelling engines, as they were called,
were hid in a cloud of doubts,—and more than
ever since the Parliament debates. They were
dangerous, they were frightful, “they could
never go fast enough,”— their utmost speed would
not be ten miles an hour. Some of the most
distinguished engineers would give no opinion of -
them at all) They had none. It was certainly
hard to patronise them in spite of their indiffer-
ence, and possibly their sneers. Certainly, if the
poor locomotive depended on their verdict, its
fate was sealed. aoe
One stanch friend remained. Stephenson
stood faithfully by “ Puffing Billy,” puffing away
in his far-off Northumberland home. He never
flinched advocating its principles, and urged the
directors to try one on the road. They at last
ordered one to be built,—one that would be of
service to the company, and no great nuisance to
the public. It was built, and excellent service it
did, drawing marl from the cuttings and excava-
VARIOUS PROJECTS. 83

tions to fill up the bogs and hollows. Neverthe-

less it settled nothing, and convinced nobody not

Oo
already convinced.

Meanwhile the directors were deluged with



GOOD SERVICE.

projects, plans, and advice for running their road.
Scheme upon scheme was let loose upon them.
Some engines to go by water-power, some by gas,
some by cog-wheels. All the engineering science
in the kingdom was ready to engineer for them
in its own way; but who among all could pro-
nounce the best way, and upon the whole decide
which was the right motive power ?
84 STILL UNDECIDED.

A deputation was despatched to Darlington
and Stockton to inspect the fixed and locomotive
engines employed on that road; but the deputa-
tion came back differing so among themselves,
that the directors were more puzzled than ever.
Two professional engineers of high reputation
were then sent, who, on their return, reported
in favour of fixed engines-—for safety, speed,
economy, and convenience, fixed engines by all
odds ; reiterating again and again all the fright-
ful stories of danger and annoyance charged upon
steam. They proposed dividing the road into
nineteen stages, of a mile and a half in length,
and having twenty-one stationary engines at dif-
ferent points to push and draw the trains along.
The plan was carefully matured.

Poor Stephenson! how did he feel? “ Well,”
he said, with the calm earnestness of a man of
faith, “one thing I know, that before many years,
railroads will become the great highways of the
world.”

Could the directors accept a project without
consulting him. Again they met. What had he
to say concerning it? Fight it he did. He
dwelt upon its complicated nature, the liability of
the ropes and tackling to get out of order, the
“pry IT.” 85

failure of one engine retarding and damaging and
stopping the whole line—a phase of the matter
which did not fail to make an impression. The
directors were moved. The rich Quaker, Cropper,
however, headed the stationary engine party, and
insisted upon adopting it. ‘“ But,’ answered the
others, “ought we to make such an outlay of
money without first giving the locomotive a fair
trial?” And Stephenson pleaded powerfully, as
you may suppose, in its behalf’ “Try it, try
it,” he urged; “for speed and safety there is
nothing like it.” And the words of a man with
strong faith are strong words. “ Besides,’ he
said, “the locomotive is capable of great improve-
ments. It is young yet; its capacities have
never been thoroughly tested. When proper in-
ducements are held out, a superior article will be
oftered to the public.”

Never were directors in a greater strait.
There was no withstanding Stephenson, for he
knew what he was talking about. All the rest
were schemers. At last one of the directors said,
« Wait; let us offer a prize for a new locomotive,
built to answer certain conditions, and see what
sort of engine we can get.”

That was fair. It was right his engine should
86 A PRIZE OFFERED.

be properly tested. All agreed; and in a few
days proposalsiwere issued for the building of
one. There were eight conditions, two of which
were that if the engine were of six tons weight,
it should be able to draw twenty tons, at a speed
as -high as ten miles an hour. The prize was
five hundred pounds. ;

The offer excited a great deal of attention, and
many people made themselves merry at its ex-
pense. The conditions were absurd, they said ;
nobody but a set of fools would have made them.
It had already been proved impossible to make a
locomotive-engine go at ten miles an hour; and
one gentleman in his heat even went so far as to
say that if it ever were done, he would undertake
to eat a stewed engine-wheel for his breakfast.
As that condition was answered, it is to be hoped
he was generously relieved from his rash and in-
digestible dish.

More candid minds turned with interest to the
development of this new force struggling into
notice. Stephenson felt how much depended on
the issue ; and the public generally concluded to
suspend its verdict upon the proper working of
railways, until time and talent gave them better
means of judging.


CHAPTER VIII.

ROBERT'S RETURN——-A CURIOUS ENCOUNTER—THE PRIZE
ENGINE.

IN Stephenson thought. His beloved loco-

ARNE step forward; yes, a great one too,
Jy
“SA motive was to have a chance of being



properly introduced to the great English
public, and he felt that it needed only to
be known to be valued. The building of it was a
matter of no small moment, and he wanted, above
all things, a tried and skilful hand to superintend
and put into its construction every conceivable
improvement. It must be the best engine yet
built.

Where should he find the right man? No one
would answer like his son Robert, and Robert he
determined to send for. Robert, you remember,
went to South America three years before. There
he had regained his health, and on receiving his

a
88 AN OLD ACQUAINTANCE.

father’s letter, made immediate preparations to
return to England.

On his way, at a poor little comfortless inn, in
a poor little comfortless sea-port on the Gulf of
Darien, where he was waiting to take ship, he. met





A CURIOUS ENCOUNTER,

two strangers, one evidently an Englishman, who
by his shabby appearance looked as if tie world
had gone hard with him. A fellow feeling drew
the young man towards his poor countryman, and
on inquiry who should it prove to be but the old
WANTED, A STEAM-ENGINE. 89

- Cornwall tin-miner, Captain Trovethick, whose
first steam-carriage awakened so much curiosity
in London nearly a quarter of a century before.
He had sown his idea to the winds. Others
_ had caught it up, cherished it, pondered over it,
examined it, dissected it, improved it, embodied
it, and by patient study and persistent endeavour
had reduced it to a practical force. And Robert
Stephenson was now on his way to inaugurate it
as one of the great commercial values of the king-
dom and of the world. The poor inventor, what
had he done meanwhile? While others worked
had he slept? Oh no. He had tried an easier
and shorter cut to fame and fortune. You re-
member he left his “dragon,” as some people
ealled his locomotive, in London, quite careless
what became of it, and went scheming and specu-
lating in other things. Several years after, in a
shop window, it attracted the attention of a French
gentleman passing by. He was from Peru, and
had just come to England to get a steam-engine
for pumping water from some gold-diggings in the
New World. Delighted with the model, he bought
it for twenty guineas. Taking it with him to
Lima, an engine was built. on the plan of it, which
worked admirably. The gentleman was then
90 STORY OF AN INVENTOR.

sent back to England to hunt up and bring out
the inventor himself. The captain was found,
and came forth from his obscurity into sudden
notice and demand. The gentleman engaged him
to make five pumping-engines according to his
model, which he did, and shipped them to Lima,
the captain himself soon following.

At Lima he was received with great honours
and a public rejoicing. A guard of honour was
appointed to wait on him; and in view of the
wealth he was supposed to be able to engineer
from their mines, a massive silver statue of him,
as the benefactor of Peru, began to be talked of.

Of course poor Trovethick thought his fortune
made, and no doubt looked back with pity on his
humble English life. Friends at home spread the
news of his successes, and when they stated that
the smallest estimate of his yearly income
amounted to one hundred thousand pounds, no
wonder he was pronounced a success! Tardier
steps to fortune seemed tedious, and many of his
old associates perhaps sighed over the wholesome
toil of a slower-paced prosperity.

Years passed on, and the poor captain next
turns up at Cartagena, penniless and pitiable. In
crossing the country he had lost everything.
FATHER AND SON. 91

Fording rivers, penetrating forests, and fighting
wild beasts, had left him little else than a desire
to reach England again; and Robert Stephenson
gave him fifty pounds to get home with. Sudden
fortunes are apt as suddenly to vanish, while .
those accumulated by the careful husbandry of
economy, industry, and foresight, reward without
waste ; so character is stronger than reputation—
for one is built on what we are, the other on what
we seem to be; and like a shadow, reputation
may be longer or shorter, or only a distorted out-
line of character. One holds out because it is
real, the other often disappears because it is but a
shadow.

Robert reached home in December 1827, right
heartily welcomed, we may well believe, by his
father, who was thankful to halve the burden of
responsibility with such a son. To build the
prize locomotive was his work.

Stephenson had long been a partner in a loco-
motive factory at Newcastle, which had hitherto
proved a losing concern to the owners. There
was little or no market for their article, and they
struggled on, year after year, waiting for better
times. Nobody saw better times but Stephenson.
He saw them ahead, shooting through the gloomy
92 THE NEW ENGINE.

clouds of indifference and prejudice. And now,
he calculated, it was very near. So he sent
Robert to Newcastle to take charge of the works
there, and construct an engine that would make
good all his words.

It was a critical moment, but he had no fears
of the result. Robert often came to Liverpool to
consult with his father, and long and interesting
discussions took place between father and son con-
cerning the best modes of increasing and perfect-
ing the powers of the mechanism. One thing
wanted was greater speed; and this could only
be gained by increasing the quantity and the
quality of the steam. For this effect a greater
heating surface was necessary, and mechanics had
long been experimenting to find the best and most
economical boiler for high-pressure engines.

Young James, son of Mr. James, who, when the
new Liverpool and Manchester route was talked
of, was the first to discover and acknowledge
George Stephenson’s genius, made the model of
an improved boiler, which he showed to the
Stephensons. Perhaps he was one of the boys
who went to Killingworth with his father to see
the wonders of “ Puffing Billy,” and whose terrors
at the snorting monster were only soothed by a
AN IMPROVED BOILER. 93

pleasant and harmless ride on his back. Whether
this gave him a taste for steam-engines, we do not
know. At any rate he introduces himself to our
notice now, with a patented model of an improved









































SEE ARNT



TQ SO

SECTION OF THE FIRST BOILER IN USE.

boiler in his hand, which Stephenson thinks it
may be worth his while to make trial of. “Try
it,’ exclaimed the young inventor, “try it, and
there will be no limit to your speed. Think of
thirty miles an hour!”
94 AN IMPROVED BOILER.

“ Don’t speak of thirty miles an hour,” rejoined
Stephenson’; “I should not dare talk about such
a thing aloud.” For I suppose he could hardly
forget how Parliament committees branded him as
a fool and a madman for broaching such beliefs.

The improved boiler was what is called a multi-











































































































































SECTION OF A TUBULAR BOILER.

tubular boiler. You do not understand that, I
suppose. An iron boiler is cast, six feet long,
and three feet and a third in diameter. It is to
be filled Lalf full of water. Through this lower
half there run twenty-five copper tubes, each about
three inches in diameter, opened at one end to the
fire, through which the heat passes to the chimney
at the other end. You see this would present a
great deal of heating surface to the water, causing
“TRY AGAIN.” 95

- it to boil and steam off with great rapidity. The
invention was not a sudden growth, as no inven-
tions are. Fire-tubes serving this use started in
several fertile minds about the same time, and
several persons claimed the honour of the invention;
but it was Stephenson’s practical mind which put
it into good working order, and made it available.
For he told Robert to try it in his new locomotive.

He did. The tubes were of copper, manufac-
tured by a Newcastle coppersmith, and carefully
inserted into the ends of the boiler by screws.
Water was put into the boiler, and in order to be
sure there was no leaking, a pressure was put on
the water; when lo, the water squirted out at
every screw, and the factory floor was deluged.
Poor Robert was in despair. He sat down and
wrote his father that the whole thing was a failure.

A failure indeed! Back came a letter by the
next post telling him to “ go ahead and try again!”
The letter, moreover, suggested a remedy for the
disaster—fastening the tubes into the boiler by
fitting them snugly into holes bored for the pur-
pose, and soldering up the edges. And it proved
to be precisely what Robert himself had thought
of, after the first bitter wave of disappointment
had subsided. So he took heart and went to
96 SUCCESSFUL AT LAST.









THE FAILURE,

work again. Success crowned his efforts. heavy pressure was put on the water, and not a
drop oozed out. The boiler was completely water-
tight.

This is precisely the kind of boiler now in use:
some have fifty tubes; the largest engines one
hundred and fifty.

Various other improvements were incorporated
into the new engine, which, as you do not pro-
bably understand much about machinery, will
not particularly interest you.

At last the new engine was finished. It
THE “‘ ROCKET” FINISHED. 97

weighed only four tons and a quarter, little less
than two tons under the weight required by the











TUBES OF A MODERN ENGINE.

offer of the directors. The tender, shaped like a
waggon, carried the fuel in one end and the water
in the other.

It was forthwith put on the Killingworth
track, fired up, and started off. Robert must
have watched its operations with intense anxiety.
Nothing could have met his expectations like the

(380) 7
98 THE RIVAL ENGINES.

new boiler. It in fact outdid his highest hopes.
The steam made rapidly, and in what seemed to
him then marvellous quantities. Away went a
letter to Liverpool that very evening.

“The ‘Rocket’ is all right and ready,’ wrote
the young man joyfully. That was the engine’s
name, “ Rocket,” on account of its speed perhaps.
“ Puffing Billy ” was quite cast into the shade.

It was shortly shipped to Liverpool in season
for the grand trial.

The trial, rapidly approaching, elicited a great
and general interest. The public mind was astir.
The day fixed was the first of October. Engin-
eers, mechanics, and scientific men, far and near,
flocked to Liverpool. The ground where the
exhibition was to take place was a level piece of
railroad two miles long, a little out of the city.
Each engine was to make twenty trips, at a rate
of speed not under ten miles an hour, and three
competent men were appointed as judges.

Four engines were entered on the list, the
“ NOVELTY,’ ‘ SANS-PAREIL,” the ‘ ROCKET,”
“ PERSEVERANCE.”

Several others were built for the occasion in
different parts of the kingdom, or rather projected
and begun, but were not finished in time.
THE DAY OF TRIAL. 99

In order to afford ample opportunity for their
owners to get them in good working order, the
directors postponed the trial till: October 6th.
The day arrived, and a glance at the country
round showed that an unusual occasion was draw-
ing people together. Multitudes from the neigh-
bouring towns assembled on the grounds at an
early hour. The road was lined with carriages,
and a high staging afforded the ladies an oppor-
tunity of witnessing the novel race.

The “ Novelty” and ‘“‘Sans-pareil,” though first.
on the list, were not ready at the hour appointed.
What engine was? The “Rocket.” Stephen-
son, next on the roll, was called for by the
judges, and promptly the little “Rocket” fired
up at the call. It performed six trips in about.
fifty-three minutes.

The “ Novelty” then proclaimed itself ready.
It was a light, trim engine, of little more than
three tons weight, carrying its fuel and water
with it. It took no load, and ran across the
course sometimes at the rate of twenty - five
miles an hour. The “Sans-pareil” also came
out.

The “Perseverance,” not able to go faster than
five or six miles an hour, withdrew from the con-

2
100 THE TRIAL CONTINUED.

test. As the day was now far spent, further
exhibition was put off till the morrow.

What exciting discussions must have taken
place among rival competitors and their friends.
What a scrutiny of the merits and demerits, the
virtues and defects of opposing engines.

Before the appointed hour the next day, the
bellows of the “Novelty” gave out; and as this
was one of its merits—a bellows to increase the
draught of the air-blast— its builders were forced
to retire from the list.

Soon after a defect was discovered in the
boiler of the “Sans-pareil.” Mr. Hackworth
begged for time to mend it: as there was no
time, none could be granted, and he too with-
drew his claims.

The “Rocket” alone stood its ground. The
“ Rocket,” therefore, was again called for. Ste-
phenson attached to it a carriage large enough to
hold a party of thirty, and drove his locomotive
along the line at the rate of twenty-five and
thirty miles an hour, to the amazement and de-
light of every one present.

The next morning it was ordered to be in
readiness to answer the various specifications of
the offer. It snorted and panted, and steamed
THE PRIZE WON. 101

-over the race-ground .in proud trim, drawing
about thirteen tons weight. In twenty trips,
backward and forward, its greatest speed was
twenty-nine miles an hour, three times greater
than Nicholas Wood, one of the judges, declared
to be possible. Its average rate was fifteen
miles, five miles beyond the rate specified for the
prize. The performance appeared astonishing,
Spectators were filled with wonder. The poor
directors began to see fair weather; doubts were
solved, disputes settled; the “Rocket” had cleared
the track for them. ‘There could no longer be
any question how to run the road. George
Cropper, who had steadily countenanced station-
ary engines, lifted up his hands, exclaiming,
“ Stephenson has at last delivered himself!”

The two other locomotives, however, were al-
lowed to reappear on the stage; but both broke
down, and the “Rocket” remained victor to the
last. It had performed and more than performed
all it promised, fulfilled all the conditions of the .
directors’ offer, and was accordingly declared to
have nobly earned the prize—five hundred
pounds.

But the money was little, compared to the
profound satisfaction which the Stephensons felt
102 HURRAH FOR THE “ ROCKET !”

at this public acknowledgment of the worth of
their life-long’ labours. George’s veracity, skill,
intelligence, had all been doubted, denied, derided
by men of all:classes. Even old friends turned
against him, and thought his mind was crazed
by “one idea.” He had to struggle on alone ;
faithful to his convictions, patiently biding his
time, yet earnestly pleading his cause on every
suitable occasion. He had a blessing for the
world; and he knew when it felt its want of it,
it would have it. That time had come. The |
directors flocked around him with flattering con-
gratulations. All shyness and coolness vanished.
Friends were no longer few. The shares of the
company immediately rose ten per cent. Men
and means were at his disposal. George Stephen-
son was a happy man.

The “Rocket” had blown stationary engines
to the winds. And steam that day, on the land
as well as the water, took its place as one of the
grand moving powers of the world.




CHAPTER IX.

OPENING OF THE NEW ROAD—DIFFICULTIES VANISH—
A NEW ERA,

& the locomotive factory in Newcastle.
Orders immediately arrived from the
directors to build eight large engines for



the new road, and all the workshops
were astir with busy life. The victorious little
“Rocket” was put on the road, and sensibly
helped to finish it. Neither faith, men, nor
means were now wanting, and the labour in
every part went heartily on.

In June a meeting of the directors was held in
Manchester, when the “Rocket” made a trip
from Liverpool to that city with a freight and
passenger train, running through in two hours.
Chat Moss never quivered. And the directors, I
dare say, would have been very glad to forget
104 OPENING OF THE NEW ROAD.

their disconsolate meeting on the edge of it, when
they nearly voted themselves beaten by the bog,
only Stephenson would not let them.

On the 15th of September 1830, there was
to be a public opening of the road, and prepara-
tions were made at each end, and all along the
way, for the grand event. The occasion awak-
ened a deep and universal interest. It was justly
regarded as a national event, to be celebrated
with becoming honours. The Duke of Welling-
ton, then Prime Minister, was present; also Sir
Robert Peel, and Mr. Huskisson, whose stirring
words revived the drooping spirits of the directors
after their defeat in Parliament, and whose in-
fluence served to get their bill successfully through
at last. No one, perhaps, had watched the pro-
gress of the enterprise with deeper interest than Mr.
Huskisson, or rejoiced more in the vanquishing of
one difficulty after another to its final finishing.
Great numbers came from far and near, who, as-
sembling by the slow mode of travel of those
days, took time accordingly.

Carriages lined the roads and. lanes; the river
was crowded with boats; and soldiers and con-
stables had their hands full to keep the people
from the track.
JOY AND TRIUMPH. 105

The new locomotives, eight in number, having
been faithfully tested, steamed proudly up. The
“Northumbrian,” driven by George Stephenson,
took the lead. Next the “ Phenix,” under
Robert’s charge. The “North Star,” by a brother





OPENING THE LINE.

of George. The “Rocket,” and the rest, with
their trains, followed. Six hundred persons were
in this procession, flying at the rate of twenty-
tive milesan hour! Oh. the wonder and admira-
tion which the spectacle excited! These noble
106 A TERRIBLE ACCIDENT.

steam-horses, panting, prancing, snorting, puffing,
blowing, shooting through tunnels, dashing across
bridges, coursing high embankments, and racing
over the fields ‘and far away. England and the
world never saw before a sight like that.

But the joy and the triumph of the occasion
were destined to be damped by a terrible disas-
ter. At Parkenside, seventeen miles from Liver-
pool, the “Northumbrian,” which carried the
Duke and his party, was drawn up on one track,
in order to allow the other trains to pass in re-
view before them on the other. Mr. Huskisson
alighted, and standing outside, was talking with
the Duke, when a hurried ery of “Get in! get
in!” went up from the bystanders. For on
came the “ Rocket,” steaming at full speed. Mr.
Huskisson, startled and confused, attempted to
regain the carriage an instant too late; he was
struck down, and the “ Rocket”? went over him.

“JT have met my death!” exclaimed the un-
fortunate man; which, alas! proved but too true,
for he died that evening.

A sad confusion prevailed. The body of the
wounded gentleman was lifted into the carriage,
and the “Northumbrian” took him over the
track home, a distance of fifteen miles, in about
A COMPLETE SUCCESS. 107

twenty minutes. So swiftly and easily done!
The use rather than the abuse of the new power
made the strongest impression.

The mournful accident threw a cloud over the
vecasion. The Duke wished to stop the celebra-
tion, and immediately return to Liverpool. Mr.
Huskisson’s friends joined with him in.the wish.
Others felt that Manchester should not be disap-
pointed in witnessing the arrival of the trains,
and that the accident might become magnified
and misrepresented, and thus operate mischiev-
ously upon public sentiment in relation to rail-
roads; the party therefore consented to proceed
to their journey’s end, but were unwilling to
mingle in any of the rejoicings common to such
occasions.

But the railroad needed no such demonstrations
to publish or to prove its worth. It had within
itself more substantial proof. Time was saved ;
labour was saved ; money was saved. Coal, cot-
ton, and every article of merchandise useful to
men could be carried cheaper, could be had
cheaper than ever before; and what was better,
had in quantities sufficient to satisfy the industry
and necessities of men. And with cheapness were
combined comfort and safety. The first eighteen
108 THE OLD STAGE-COACHES.

months, 700,000 persons were carried over the
road, and not an accident happened.

But were not people frightened by the smoke,
cinders, fire, and noise of the engines, as the op-
position in Parliament declared they would be?
No, no. It was not long before everybody wanted
land near the track; and land, therefore, near
the road rapidly rose in value. The farmers
who had scouted the surveyors from their fields, .
now complained of being left on one side; and
those who had farms near the stations to rent,
rented them at a much higher rate than ever
before. Barren lots became suddenly profitable,
and even Chat Moss was turned into productive
acres.

In 1692, an old writer states, ‘There is an
admirable commodiousness both for men and
women of the better rank to travel from London,
the like of which has not been known in the
world; and that is, by stage-coaches, wherein one
may be transferred to any place, sheltered from
foul weather, with a velocity and speed equal to
the fastest posts in foreign countries; for the
stage-coaches called ‘Flying-coaches’ make forty
or fifty miles a day.” '

An English paper, bearing the date of Janu-
PURPOSES OF GOD. 109

ary 1775, has this advertisement: ‘ HEREFORD
MAcHINE, in a day and a half, twice a week,
continues flying from the Swan in Hereford,
Monday and Thursday, to London.”

In the Scriptures we find Isaiah, with pro-
phetic eye, looking over the centuries to these
later times, and penning down, “Every valley
shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill
shall be made low; and the crooked shall be
made straight, and the rough places plain ;”
and “swift passengers” are seen executing the
world’s affairs—no meagre description of the great
means of intercourse in our day, the railway and
telegraph. The prophet saw in it a clearing of
the way for the coming kingdom of the Redeemer,
which is some time to spread over the whole
earth as “the waters cover the sea.” Men make
good tools and instruments for themselves. They
forget they are perfecting them for God also, who
is using them, and who will use them, to make
known the precious gospel of his Son, “ peace on
earth, and good-will to men.”

What powerful preachers for the Sabbath are
the railway and telegraph, doing away with all
necessity and every excuse for Sabbath travelling
as they'do. Long journeys and the most t “gent
110 THE LORD’S DAY.

business can be done between Sabbath and Sab-
bath, giving a rest-day to the nation. And this
view of them is deserving more and more regard.

Thé institution of the Sabbath was founded
with the human race. It was meant to be the
rest-day of the entire world. It was set up as a
blessing: “The Lord blessed the Sabbath-day,
and hallowed it.” The bodies of man and beast
need it. The muscles, bones, nerves, sinews, and
brain cannot endure the strain of constant and
uninterrupted work. It is a day of making up
the waste of the animal frame under continual
labour and excitement. Night rest is not enough.
The God of nature and the God of the Sabbath
has fitted the one to the other.

When the knowledge of God had faded out of
the earth, and God chose a people to restore and
preserve it, besides a code of national laws par-
ticularly for them, he enacted from Sinai a code
of moral laws for man. Among them was the
rest-law of the Sabbath. It is the fourth com-
mandment of the Decalogue, taught in all our
Sabbath-schools, pulpits, and homes; “ Remember
the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy : in it thou shalt
do no work,” man or beast. Further, God pro-
mises great reward to those who call “the Sab-
THE SABBATH MADE FOR MAN. 111

bath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable ;
not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own
pleasure, nor speaking thine own words, but de-
lighting thyself in the Lord ;” showing not only
the rest-use of the Sabbath, but its soul-use, as a
day of special intercourse with God.

“The Sabbath was made for man,” says Jesus
Christ ; and the Christian Sabbath incorporated
into it the finishing of the great plan of our re-
demption, when Christ,

2

** Who endured the cross and grave,
Sinners to redeem and save,”

left the tomb and ascended to heaven. Thus it
is appropriately called “the Lord’s day,” the day
when our worldly business is to be set aside, and
Christ presses his claims upon the hearts and
consciences of men. It is a break in the hurry-
ing whirl of this life’s interests, to consider the
solemn issues of eternity, and that atoning love
which is mighty to save all who by repentance
and faith accept its terms of mercy.

We find it was on the observance or desecration
of the Sabbath that the prosperity of the Hebrew
nation hung. “You bring wrath upon the
nation,” cried Nehemiah to the Sabbath-breaking
traders. ‘This very profanation has been the
112 SECRET OF ENGLAND’S GREATNESS.

cause of our disasters in times past.” For Sab-
bath profanation leads to forgetfulness of God ;
and God left out, what becomes of man? Ruin
stares him in'the face. “The ungodly shall not
prosper.” What becomes of a nation? Ruin.
They shall be left to their. own doings. The
French nation blotted out the Sabbath, and showed
what it was to be left of God.

When an African prince sent an embassy to
Queen Victoria with costly presents, and asked her
to tell him in return the secret of England’s great-
ness and England’s glory, presenting him with a
copy of the Bible, the Queen replied, “Tell your
prince that this is the secret of England’sgreatness.”’

For all our institutions, all our civil and reli-
gious interests, we need the morality of the Bible,
the conscience and the self-restraint which the
Bible enjoins; and for this purpose we must
vigorously support the institutions of the Bible.
Foremost in the foreground is the Sabbath. It
has come down to us through the ages, the great
anniversary-day of a finished creation and a com-
pleted atonement, summoning men to call on the
name of the Lord, and bless and praise his holy
name.

On its observance the highest moral education
DUTY OF KEEPING THE LORD’S DAY. 113

of the people depends. Every railroad corpora-
tion is bound to be a Sabhath-keeping corporation.
It makes time enough to do its work. The
nature of its work demands responsible men.
An immense amount of property is in its hands,
requiring officers of scrupulous integrity to man-
age its interests. The gross receipts of eight rail-
,ways terminating in London are over £200,000
a week.

It has the life and limbs of thousands upon
thousands intrusted to its charge, at the mercy of
its employés, engineers, firemen, brakemen, switch-
men, the recklessness or unfaithfulness of any of
whom can bring sudden death to scores, and
plunge a nation into mourning. These men, to
be kept the right men, need the Sabbath. To be
honest, responsible, vigilant, true, God -fearing
men, fit for their posts of duty, they must have
the Sabbath.

Many roads are Sabbath-keeping. Some of
those which do run on that day are poorly paid.
Carrying the mail helps them out. They run,
perhaps, for that purpose. But is it necessary to
keep up Sabbath violation on our great routes in
order to forward the mail? Does not the Satur-
day telegraph do away with that necessity ?

(380) 8
114 THE TWO GREAT MEN.

Every important item of business can be put
through on the wires in time.
The side of the Sabbath is the side of God.

What became of George Stephenson and his son
Robert? the boys will have the curiosity to ask.

George and Robert Stephenson took their rank
among the great men of England—that class of
great men who contribute to the true prosperity
of the world, by giving it better tools to do its
labour with.
The more perfect the instrument, the better the
work. The more perfect the instrument, the
greater the number of persons benefited ; for the
sagacity necessary to invention and discovery, and
the intelligence required to mature them, are large-
hearted and broad-minded. They work for the
many, not the few.

The history of railways in England it is not
my object to give you, and that enters largely
into the remaining period of George Stephenson’s
life; you will find it fully detailed in Smiles’ Life
of him. He became rich and famous, yet he
always preserved the simple habits and tastes of
his early days. Though asked to dine at the
richly-spread tables of lords and baronets, no dish
WHOLESOME REPROOF. 115

suited his taste better than his frugal oat-meal
“erowdie,’ and no cook served it better than
himself. Kings and queens thought it a privilege
to talk with him. Liverpool erected a statue of
him. The King of Belgium knighted him. But
he cared little for honours.) When somebody,
wishing to dedicate a book to him, asked what
his “ornamental initials” were, “I have to state,”
replied he, “that I have no flourishes to my
name, either before or after. I think it will be
as well if you merely say, ‘George Stephenson.’ ”

Young men beginning life often called upon
him for advice and assistance. He hated show
and foppery, and a weakness in that direction
often got reproof. One day one came flourishing
a gold-headed cane. “Put by that stick, my
man,’ said Stephenson, ‘‘and I will talk with
you.”

“You will, sir, I hope, excuse me,” he said, on
another occasion, to a gaily dressed youth; “I
am plain-spoken, and am sorry to see a clever
young man like you disfigured by that _fine-
patterned waistcoat and all those chains and fang-
dangs. If I, sir, had bothered my head with
those things when I was of your age, I would not
have been where I now am.”
116 ‘ NEGLECT NOTHING.”

Wholesome as were his reproofs, his counsel
was as reliable, and his help as timely. From
the mine of his own rugged experience he had
gathered truths richer than grains of gold; and



WHOLESOME REPROOF.

he never allowed any good opportunity to pass
without insisting upon the practice of those home-
lier and sterner virtues which form the strong
woof of character. When building a road between
Birmingham and London, Robert walked twenty
times over the entire route, illustrating the patient
assiduity taught him by his father. No slip-
shod work could escape their eye. “Neglect
nothing,” was their motto. As a Killingworth
collier he put his brains and his heart into his
DEATH. | 117

work. As a master-builder he put his conscience
into it. All his work was honest, representing
the actual character of the man.

When the rough and tumble of life began to
subside, and he became a more stationary engine,
with greater leisure for the enjoyment of his now
ample home, his old love for birds, dogs, horses,
and rabbits revived. There was not a bird’s nest
upon his grounds that he did not know, and
he often watched their building with a builder’s
interest ; a blade of grass, a bit of bark, a nest
of birds, an ant tugging for one poor grain, were
all to his mind revelations of the wonderful
mechanism and creative power of God.

He died in August 1848, in the sixty-seventh
year of his age.

Robert proved himself worthy of such a father.
They were alike in character, intimately associated
in the great engineering enterprises of their day,
and bound to each other by the fondest affection.

George built roads, Robert bridges to run them
over; for railroads have given birth to the most
stupendous and splendid bridges the world ever
saw. The famous Tubular Bridge over the Straits
of Menai—connecting Holyhead with the main-
land—and the High Level Bridge at Newcastle,
118 RAILROADS AND BRIDGES.

built by him, are monuments of engineering skill.
You often see pictures of them. The most re-
markable work of his genius, however, is on the
other side of the Atlantic Ocean.

The Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, termi-
nating at Montreal, wanted to connect with the
sea-board ; and the road was extended from Mon-
treal to Portland, Maine. But the river St.
Lawrence, deep and broad, sweeping down its
mighty current the waters and ice of the great
lakes, broke the line and separated the road into
two parts. The river must be spanned. A bridge
must be built. It was a stupendous undertaking,
but Robert Stephenson can do it. Robert
Stephenson did do it. It is thrown from Lan-
guire to a point half a mile below the city, a
distance of nearly two miles. It is composed of
twenty-four spans, and has three million feet of
solid masonry in it. The road runs through iron
tubes, sixty feet above the river, and the train is
nine minutes going across. There are ten thou-
sand tons of iron in the tubes. It was six years
in building. It is called the Goliath of bridges;
and is named the Victoria Bridge, in honour of
the Queen.

Robert drafted, calculated, estimated, and super-
WESTMINSTER ABBEY. 119

intended section after section of this immense work,
and yet never visited the scene of labour; photo-
graphs were sent him of its progress step by step.
It was finished December 1859, and opened with











































































VICTORIA BRIDGE, MONTREAL.

all the festal honours possible in that season of
the year. At the entertainments given there was
one toast—“ Robert Stephenson, the greatest en-
gineer the world ever saw”—followed by no
cheers. A deep hush swept over the assembly.
For Robert Stephenson was dead. He died on
the 12th of October, two months before the full
completion of the work, in the rich prime of a
noble manhood. His death was looked upon as a
public calamity; and England, with a true sense
of his worth, laid him side by side with her most
honoured dead. He was buried in Westminster
Abbey, with her kings and queens, her. princes
120 A GREAT MAN FALLEN.

and poets, her warriors and statesmen. The
funeral procession was between two and three miles
long ; thousands lined the streets, and thousands
pressed into the abbey. Tickets were necessary
in order to get entrance; and one of the most
pressing applicants was an humble working-man,
who years before drove the first locomotive-engine
from Birmingham to London, with Robert Stephen-
son at his elbow. ;

The humble Neweastle collier-boy crowned his
life with honourable toil; and at his death a
nation mourned a great man fallen.





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