Bradford County telegraph

Material Information

Bradford County telegraph
Place of Publication:
Starke, FL
Bob G. Ferguson and John M. Miller
Creation Date:
August 10, 1989
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Starke (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bradford County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Bradford -- Starke
29.947222 x -82.108056


The first issue of this ongoing weekly appeared on July 26, 1879 under the title Florida Telegraph. It was published by William Wyatt Moore, a native Floridian and a staunch Democrat. Moore had previously worked for a paper in Tallahassee and had also published newspapers in Jacksonville, Lake City, Cedar Key, and Pensacola. After appearing for a short time as the Weekly Florida Telegraph and reverting back to the Florida Telegraph, the paper’s name was changed to the Starke Telegraph. In 1887, Moore sold a half-interest in the newspaper to I.C. Webb, who became sole owner within a few months and changed its name to the Bradford County Telegraph. In 1893, Eugene S. Matthews, who had previously worked for newspapers in Gainesville and Ocala, purchased the Bradford County Telegraph with Ben J. Farmer, who sold his interest to Matthews five years later. Matthews published the Bradford County Telegraph for the next forty years. He was also elected to the state legislature in 1904, 1907, 1911 and 1923. His son, Eugene L. Matthews, a graduate of Columbia University’s School of Journalism, took over the publication in 1933, matching his father’s record of forty years as publisher. The Bradford County Telegraph continues to the present.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 9, no. 41 (Apr. 13, 1888)-
General Note:
Publishers: Mathews & Farmer, <1893-1897>; E.S. Mathews, <1900-1926>.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Bradford County Telegraph. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000579551 ( ALEPH )
33886096 ( OCLC )
ADA7397 ( NOTIS )
sn 95047406 ( LCCN )

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Starke telegraph


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Bradford COt/ill

SINCE 1879110th


Of; i LA. HisTOfrn

118 Pages ISSUE


9 Sections 1879 1989 The Sweetest Strawberries This Side of Heaven

1101. Year STARKE. FLORIDA $1.00 Copy
lr{ { 1 1 09'. 4th Issue Thursday. August 10, 1989_ USPS 062-700

Worth GreenpeaceJoins tTo Our waders I -

NotingParty Battle One hundred and ten years have passed since

Col. William Wyatt Moore and his young son,

With Us... Against UC Sterling, sweated out the first issue of The
Everyone is Invited to
tion from 7:30-9:30 p.m. tomor-a recep- Telegraph on a steamy July Saturday in 1879.

row (Friday, April 11) at the HazardousWaste In spite of their handicaps The Tallahassee
KOA campground in honor of
E.L. (Gene) Matthews, who has Floridian was kind enough to write of The

been owner, editor and publisher Telegraph's first issue: "As to it is
of The Telegraph for the past 50 PlanBy typography, a
years. We are celebrating the marvel of neatness, while as to its editorial

_newspaper.110th anniversary of the Joe Cissy management, the fact that Col. Moore, who is an

SCT Staff WriterOpponents old and experienced newspaper writer, is its editor

of the tri-county solid is to warrant able "
Special Registration... waste landfill coming into Union management.
A special registration for the Fall County have banded together and A lot of water has passed along Alligator Creek
1989 Term at SFCC Andrews Centerin are circulating a petition addressedto since that tmefloods hurricanes
Starke is scheduled for tonight, the Union County Commission ,
Aug 10, from 6 to 8 p.m. The com- asking that Union County pull out of depressions-- fires that destroyed the
plete schedule of classes for the the New River Solid Waste Assicia-
plant. But those 110
during The
years Telegraphhas
Fall Semester beginning Aug. 24 tion.The
can be foundin today's edition of Citizens Committee of Union missed only two issues-- once at the turn of
The County is a group who live in the nor-
For Telegraph more information, please call thern part of Union County where Century when a "kinder, gentler" publisher let the i'r

964-5382. the located.tri-county landfill is being force enjoy Christmas week with their families, (

Keystone Area... They are fearful that the toxic and once, during the deadly influenza epidemic of -
Presentation... ashes from a proposed toxic waste 1918 ,
treatment plant will be deposited in when the entire staff was "laid low".

State Representative Chance Ir- the landfill and contaminate the Tile Telegraph is one of the few papers, daily or -
vine will speak Saturday, Aug. 12, groundwater.They .
at 2 p.m. at the Sr. Citizens Centerat have reason to believe that weekly, still under home ownership-- almost all

Commercial Circle in Keystone the ashes will be declared to be non- are now "chain" owned and operated by
Heights.The toxic by the government agencies
center will be presented with after treatment, but will not in fact mega-media corporations. was purchased by
the State Flag. Refreshments win be non-toxic. but will have to be ac- Eugene S. Matthews in 1893 and still remains a
be served, is welcome. cepted.A
everyone meeting called Saturday nightat family operation, after 96 years.

116th Anniversary... Raiford the was community attended building by about 70 in Through all those years we have enjoyed the -

Ochwilla Baptist Church, 5 miles persons who listened to a presentation support of readers and advertisers in Bradford .
south of Melrose on SR-21, will
by Brian Hunt, Southern .
celebrate its 115th anniversary Sun-' Regional Toxic Waste Campaigner County, in spite of occasional errors and mixupsthat

day, Aug. 13. for Greenpeace. inevitably creep into printed pages. We
Sunday School begins at 10 a.m., Greenpeace is the largest en-
worship service at 11 a.m., dinneron vironmental organization in the appreciate your friendship and support and hope --
the grounds at 1 p.m., Gospel world, Hunt said, having about 1.3 this 110th anniversary issue will in part
sing at 2 p.m. million members and will increaseto repay
The Joyful Sounds of Palatka will 1.75 members this year. indulgence. A lot of time and effort has gone into ,
be featured.
"The only way to clean up the en- its and it
All are welcome. vironment is by the government in- production we hope brings back

Vacation Bible School... dustry and citizens to all band memories to some and enjoyment to all.
together to reduce the amount of tox- -
Starke Church of God, 422 N. St. chemicals used," Hunt said. As Tiny Tim might say, if he were here today."G ...
Claire St.'will head l its Vacation Bi- (See Hazardous..p.3A d''bless us, ever one." "-_ .'.:i ; Commissioners )
ble School for ages 2-12 Sunday, ) were also told
Aug. 13 at 6 p.m., Aug. 14-17 at 7
The BCT Staff...

p.m.Everyone is invited to bring their The BCT staff assembled Tuesday -
children. For a ride call 9645445. amid the madhouse putting
together the final sections of the
School Partners... 4 110th anniversary issue.
The Education Committee of the Seated, middle front, li Editor
Chamber of Commerce is pleasedto ; Emeritus E.L. (Gene) Matthews,
host The Partner's Luncheon for J'' who wrote reams of copy for the
recognition of Partner's in Educa- historical edition over the pad six
tion. partner is a business or In- months. With Matthews are co-
dividual willing to share their time, publishers John Miller, left, and
talent and resources with a school.To Bob Ferguson.The .
kick off the 1989-90 School staff (1-r), leaning on I stack
Partnership Program a luncheon is of the still incomplete special editions -
set at noon Thursday, Aug. 17, at is Sylvia Wheeler, adver-
the Bradford County Fairgrounds. tlstlng; Carolyn Eaves, reporter;
Anyone interested in becoming a Jewell O'Neal, receptionist-
school partner is invited to attend 1 k'- bookkeeper; Marcia Goodge,
the luncheon.To -4/ reporter who came back to help
reserve a place, call the J this summer, and Ann Sponholti,
Chamber, 9645278. editor of the Lake Region Monitor.
t Standing: Judy Mlscally, typesetter -
r 'fi'r-3 .w1. and planner of this weekend's
Devil's Funeral... d. qe 4
activities: Joe Cissy, reporter;
The Frances Chapter 140 Order ,'.. Brenda Bawek reporter; Karen
of the Eastern Star invites you to .r Cashdollar, advertising composer
the Devil's Funeral, Saturday Aug. and typesetter; Sue Smith,
19, at 7:30 p.m. at New Bethel Baptist ... reporter; Barbara Nail, book-
Church, corner of Florida and ; keeper; Mark Frledlln, reporter-
Keller streets. Rev. A.J. Simmons, : photographer and Bill Mullls,
Pastor. ... .lC1 ,' [Jr pressman.
,1 Not shown: Gall Livingston, I
Banquet... "'a -l .
Appreciation -n -
editor of the Union County Times.A .
The Community Outreach "Pooped" Eugene L. Matthews,center n: t- I
Volunteer Program (COVP) will

host Elizabeth an appreciation Walker, career banquet educator for Dedicated to L.

and active worker in youth ac- Eugene Matthews. .
tivities Saturday, Aug. 12, at 7:30

P.'Te'. banquet will be held at the Newspaperman, Environmentalist, Historian and Community Servant"Mild
Starke Women's Club. Tickets will
be a donation of $10 benefitting
COVP. Contact Vernon Barber or of manner, but gutsy when he pulls Community College came to Starke to occupy which to live," notes Thomas. says Andrews.
Geraldine Kelley.'SoftbalTand. up to that typewriter. He never fails to takea the old courthouse which had been Matthews attended the prestigious Columbia -
stand and controversy does not deter destined for the auction block before Mat- Crusader for Environment... University School of Journalism in New
i Volleyball... him," says Arch Thomas, Jr. of Telegraph thews and of local people interested "With environmental issues, he's probably York City and graduated in 1932. He still
Editor Eugene L. Matthews. in preserving historical sites obtained number one of the list," says Andrews of types on an old-fashioned Remington
An organizational meeting for Thomas la a retired state politician and grant money to renovate it. Matthews. typewriter, but there's no question that he
adult coed Softball and volleyballwill one-time Starke attorney now living in Ft. "Gene deserves the major credit for the When discussing his work on issues suchas keeps in touch with today's issues.
be held Tuesday, Aug. 29 at Lauderdale. historical society and shares credit with Guy the local campaign to keep mining com- "He's a first-rate journalist with Impeccable -
7:30 p.m. at the Pratt St. Recrea- "Gene" Matthews, editor of The Bradford Andrews for the Santa Fe Community Col- panies from draining the Santa Fe Swampand credentials, recognized and indeed
tion Center. Anyone who has a County Telegraph for the past 56 years and lege branch. The good works he has promoted mining the peat, Thomas says he's a honored by his journalistic peers," say
team or is interested in par- recently one of the first 12 inductees into the for Starke and Bradford County are "staunch environmentalist, some developers Thomas.He .
ticipating should plan to attend. Florida Newspaper Hall of Fame, is well- many," would consider just a little short of being has also literally worked day and
If you are interested in participating known as a man dedicated to many ideals, Guy Andrews, local businessman, says of rabid and a mite too tenacious. night, seven days a week, during production
but cannot attend the and a man unafraid to become controversialin Matthews and SFCC, "Gene and I worked However, the tenacious environmentalist of this historical issue.
meeting, please contact 9M-6792. attaining those Ideals. closely to promote that project, but Gene is helped win the battle against the big companies Incomparable History Buff..
Matthews Is described by those who've the main individual who kept that building and Santa Fe Swamp remains in its Matthews' passion for collecting historical
Upcoming. known him for years as a man dedicated to from being torn down. He worked hard on it natural state.Matthews' facts, and memorabilia, (
photos particularly
Public meetings scheduled in the community service, a staunch environmen- and got grants where ever he could. It was belief in maintaining the en- local history) is probably one of his best-
coming weeks are talist, an avid historian, a talented writer, only due to the fact that the building was vironment has also led to his love of the known traits and was a direct cause for the
.The Bradford County School and a never-say-die Democrat.'Communlty'Servlce already renovated and available that SFCC mostly unspoiled area of Kingsley Lake. publication of this special Issue.
Board will meet Aug.trationp.m.. occupies it now." Although he owns a home in Starke, his Without all the Information stored in Us
In UM School > Paramount... Under Matthews' reign, The Telegraph bumper sticker reads, "I'd druther be at overflowing files, and in his meticulous
Matthews has said times that he has supported uevery project or happenl Kingsley Lake." memory, this Issue would have been many '
.Phe Starke City Council will which promised benefit to our community, Thomas notes this affinity Matthews has Those stories
believes impossiblity. concerning
a particularly a
meet At* 15 at 7:30 p.1D.1n the newspaper says Thomas. "Gene has always supported for this quiet community by saying he's "a Bradford County not written by him per- ,
Starke City Hall. community it should report gbehind projectts everything good for Starke In his paper; the workaholic, I can think of nothing Gene en- sonally, relied heavily on information found
01 Commerce will schools Bradford County Fair Chamber of joys more than laboring into the wee hours
The Clamber designed to Improve the community and ,in his files or in historical articles written by -. I
Interested Club Bradford County of the night, unless it be Kingsley Lake.
boat a meetln8l< In 1choo1 pattI Under Matthews' IUidance, The Telegraph Fair and many others." Workaholic Writer... His files and old issues of The Telegraphare J
*'A.... 17=fa ds..The has done just that. The paper, and Matthewspersonnauy Matthews also personally wrote the grant Matthews is recognized state-wide as a two of the very few sources of the written I
has donated money, time and application to obtain funds for a survey of talented writer and has won many awards history of Bradford County In existence j.
will meet Aug. 23 at 7:30 p.m. news coverage to important community ser- the Call Street commercial district. This for his writing during his long career at The today. _
at the Bradford County courthouse. vice project* such as the Downtown laid the groundwork for getting Call Street Telegraph. "Gene's talent for writing,com- In honor of this talented newspaperman,
e1'be Bradford County School Development Project which changed Call St. placed on the National Register of Historic bined with his ability to ask searching questions dedicated environmentalist, enthusiastic -
Board will meet Aug. 28 at 7 p.m. from a somewhat depressed business Places. tHis made for a high-quality newspaper" historian and tireless proponent for the bet
III the School Admlmtntton district to a historical showplace.It "persistent work and talent over the said Thomas. terment of our community, we dedicate this
butJlfl was also under the guidance of Guy An- past many years have made Starke and "Gene is an outstanding newspapermanand 110th anniversary issue of The Bradford
drews and Matthews jointly that Santa Fe Bradford County a much better place in an outstanding person in every way," County Telegraph to Eugene L.Matthews.

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J! I

I Wood Experiment in Energy Crunch .".., f .

ww'a ,'
'I', '
Failed as Alternative Fuel for Starkeby r: :t ::

Joe Cissy mounted in the bed. was quoted as saying, "The systemis ., I
BCT Staff Writer "The only problem, it takes about not a bed of roses It still has .
Starke for wood 30 minutes to get started in the mornings kinks, but if it will work, it'll be
hopes burning
,"Post said. great." he conceded.The I I9r
generator went up in smoke the
afternoon of February 22, 1982, as commission was given figuresat
Hopes Dashed... that time that one ton of wood Is
participants in the project met in
equal in BTU's to two barrells of oil
McCarty Hall at the University of The hard work of compiling 109 ,
Florida to review the project and pages of data,trips to Washington,a and that about 100 million tons of
Commis- wood is wasted in the field
agreed on its termination. trip to Brazil by Florida annually
sioner of Agruculture Doyle Conner and at least 40 million tons is
The Starke project was funded by
the U.S. Department of Energy and research by the University of available and can be salvaged from
wastes in northeast Florida. +
Florida Institute of Food and
(DOE), by a grant of $327,000 as
"seed money" to convert Starke's Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), was Starke has many things going for
it, it was said. The town is of ideal
seven electric generators,then fired dashed in June 1980 by a letter from
DOE shutting the door on further size for developing a prototype
by either natural diesel fuel,
gas or
plant, it is served major
to derived from burn- consideration to the Starke applica- by a
using gasses
railroad and
major highways, it is
ing wood or other biomass tion.The
materials. Starke project had been endorsed large enough for a significant
demonstration, it sits in the heart of
by Sentors Lawton Chiles,
Sparked by the rising price of
the "woodbasket of the world" and
Richard Stone, Congressman Don
oil from OPEC countries
foreign Fuqua and Governor Bob Graham.At is ideally adapted to the farming of
of Petroleum
(Organization Exporting trees.Project.
a Congressional hearing on
Countries) and the lack of
energy in Gainesville, in May,
domestic production here at home, Richard Development...
Representative Ottinger of
the United States Congress
ap- New York, was so impressed with A contract was entered into with I
propriated to the Federal -
Department Starke's proposal that he commented Gulf Wood Energy, Inc, Dunnellon,
of a fund of$2.2 billion !
for research Energy aimed at developmentof that it might be used by Fla.,in the amount of$240,000 for the
DOE as an educational movie to encourage building and installation of two
alternate sources of
The costs of the total Stare other towns to use wood gassification units. : ,
the gassification as an alternative The first was built and sent to the ,
to convert entire
power energy source. University of Florida to be tested.
plant to wood derived were
gases With this background and not will- Results
were pronounced "beyond
estimated to be from $6 to $10
million. The grant request submit ing to give up, the council sent a six expectations"as far as performanceis
to concerned, and of the
man delegation Washington consisting completion
ted Starke was for$3 million,with
by of Councilman Ted units scheduled for
Oglesby, was February,
the hope that additional
moneys Guy Andrews, Earl Jones and Dr. 1981.
could be received if the
experiment John Gerber of IFAS, Grant Consul- Wood chips for use in the
proved tant Linda Day and Energy Consul- gassifiers must be high quality,thatis
"Wood is oldest
sourceof tant Bob Gurin clean and dry,and will be suppliedby
energy and yet the hardest job today As a result of the trip, Starke was Crown Lumber Company of ,
is"to convince people that it will given the opportunity to rewrite its Starke,owned by Earl Jones,for the f
work, said Dr. Harry LaFontaine,
Feb. 1981
grant application for a smaller run. I
a Danish engineer pioneering in the After due to not
amount to convert one unit of its many delays parts
field of alternate of ,
energy delivered and mechanical
power plant generators to wood some
who gave a seminar at SFCC in bugs, the .
gassification. Amount of the even- gassifiers were finally con a
Gainesville, in 1981, and who
May tual grant was$327,100. nected to a 1,000 kw generator and I
drives a Lincoln Continental "This is tremendous news," said fired up for the first time near mid II I
powered by a biomass gas generator Mayor Vernon Silcox. Once the pro- July, 1981.Plenty ; ,
attached to the car like a trailer. He cess is tested and proven to be efficient of gas was made by the
claims to get 3,200 miles on a cord of they will apply for additional gassifying units, but the gas went k3
wood. funding to convert the other six round and round" but the
Don Post, Professor of Forestry, generators to the same process,city generator did not turn.
IFAS, had been cruising around officials said. Not enough BTU's were developedto
Gainesville about that same time in Then City Clerk Merrill Edwards, make a 1,000 KW generator pick
a pickup truck with the gas burner one of the skeptics of the project up speed, according to George

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No Wood Burning For Now...
One of SCarb'o DeW treat UghU..ibewo against a tatting with Santa Fa Community College'Andrew
J Shop These-. Center fa the........... PUn to power the city'.eletrlcal need..tlJpa from M Od.bUl'l11Dl"-never

Thirst Graudons, then superintendent of way the units are hooked up now. Forcing the gas into the engine
the power plant.An A plan was then developed to try to through intake valves entails mixing
expert from the University of run the gas through the piston intake oxygen with the gas, which can be
Florida looked at the units and saidto valves rather than through the explosive.. Therefore, the tests were
operate the 1,000 kw generator, supercharger. Each piston has two 4 made in Dunellon rather than at the
Values! the wood-burning units would haveto inch intake valves as opposed to one Starke plant.
develop enough heat for 180 psi the inch valve in the supercharger. See Page SA

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pine mines $200O Under SPECIAL Factory Invoice



$2000 REBATE
$1500 REBATE D-100


1 / pNNU WINLS 1v nr.ijsftrMir..BOURBON;' ;i $ 0 0 0

: i'tASi"i 7O.OOCANADIAN i!: UP TO maao REBATE


On Selected Models

AOBOfl Jimmy StricklandEr

f j 1 LET US PUT Guarantees

I 4&k L iJ) A CASE OFBEER you




fatua ARlunite qUA PRICES In Addition To Factory Rebates.

MAtt IIQUORIIAHr A--- He will show you the factory Invoice.



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2 00 Budweisero TIMES


.. JeepTERWBLLEGAR,jlQtlge:: VoiJg ,Ttt1 hs: ,. Eagle.

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'S LVE'Et -'.,....,':, 9. 9 I 3,8' '" '" 65, 1l'IIIAN..107 141 W. Madison St. Starke (904)964-9000 or 1-800-448-JEEP I
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Budget S<<
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ed tax, figuring increase it would take a property boys'iu" ..._.... J UM'. hire. the bullet end sav this. You Then ensued a discussion of how $30 for the EMT's, and $15 for the be'unanimous, he said. Riddick said
to balance plus the a special assessment Such some 1..11we've got to raUc! soma much special assessment to charge. volunteer firemen. The firemen he wasn't opposed to the$100 assessment -
budget. a
Waters asked "If
combination of new taxes would beat Chairman do wedon't money." Riddick said he's talked to $100 would raise $864,800, commIs- would collect only in unincorporated but wants the firemen in.
them, the commissioners figured. will he something next "....r'this" year where a lot of people and no one wants a sioners were again told. CPA Farn- areas CPA Farnsworth pointed out. Chandler said he'd rather have the
"It's been nice serving with you we property tax increase because more sworth was asked to figure out how Chairman Waters asked "Do 1 havea special assessment, but wanted
Nook" said Commissioner Carteras .It'into that you guys people don't pay property taxes than much It would take to support the second?" None came; Riddick's something in for the firemen,maybe
he bade goodbye to Commissioner buy budget" said CPA do. "If we go, I favor an emergency medical technician unit motion died for lack of a second. $10. Riddick said the board will takeas
E.L. (Nook) Norman. Farnsworth. assessment" said Commissioner (EMT) and the jail. Farnsworth "If you'll leave the firemen off...," much heat for the $100 assessment -
There should be a stop on the Riddick."I figured refigured and said $30 per said Commissioner E.L. (Nook) as for$110.
Clerk Cuts Budget... number of employees said Commis- household for the EMT's, $70 for the Norman he'd second the motion. Finally Riddick and Chandler
But Clerk Norman said he couldn't sioner Carter agree" said Commissioner Jail. Plus $15 for the volunteer Try that motion urged by Chairman agreed to made the$100 assessmentvote
sleep Wednesday night and came to Commissioner Riddick pushed fora E.L. (Nook) Norman. firemen a total. of$110. Waters. unanimous. Carter liked the
work Thursday morning determinedto new telephone system justifying it What to assess asked Riddick. Norman moved to assess $70 for unanimous vote saying: "On
cut the budget. And. Clerk Norman by saying a new$39,000 switchboard naming the emergency medical service Riddick asked. "How's that leave the jail and$30 for the EMT service something like this you catch enoughhell.
CPA Farnsworth and Deputy would keep track of who uses the the jail the public library. us?" "...and leave the millage like it is." $75 came that close to beatingme
Clerk Ellerson came Thursday night phone system. The state will pay for Assessments can only be placed on "Tight" said Farnsworth, poin- The chairman asked, "Do I have a ," Carter said demonstrating a
with more cuts than the commis- phones used by the state attorney, things everybody in the county can ting out the $15 for the firemen second?" pincher movement with his thumb
sioners had made and made the public defender and circuit judges, use, said CPA Farnsworth. doesn't help the budget deficit "Yeah, you got one," said Com- and forefinger.Carter .
bare bones budget balancing offer to said Reddick if it was known what "Strike the because that's an addition. missioner Carter. Commissioners moved that the board ac-
library said Com-
the board. portion of the phone bill to accredit missioner Norman. Board members asked,how would Norman and Carter voted for the cept the rollback millage of 6.527
Commissioners went over the to those offices, he said.The present "Everybody it said Rid- the poor pay? Installments were $100 assessment; Commissioners mills,the amount which will bring in
budget but could cut nothing more switchboard Is at capacity and is dick. "Why not?uses" discussed, but no final decision Riddick and Chandler voted against the same tax dollars as last year.
than finance officers had already costing$$1,800 month to repair said Norman asked, "You have reached. and it passed 3-2 on Chairman Norman seconded and the motion
trimmed. For example commis- Riddick. a Waters' affirmative vote. passed 50.
library card Joe? Riddick said
sioners had cut back a $154,000 Commissioner Carter said he'd but his wife does.Commissioner. ,no, Very few can't pay $4-450 per Commissioner Carter asked for a The first public hearing on the proposed j
General Fund reserve Item favor a new switchboard if it can be Riddick week Commissioner Riddick unanimous vote On something that $8 million county budget is set
by$54,000. Clerk Norman came back reasonably financed. suggested reiterated.They spend that much on important, the commission should for 7:30 p.m. Sept. 7.
assessing $10 or $15 the fire
and trimmed the same item by Property Appraiser Jimmy fighters. or beer and cigarettes he said. .
$100,000 leaving 54000. Alvarez, present both nights told "Well, we can't afford to let that -
Chairman Wilbur Waters saw the the board: "There are no raises in Commissioner Ross Chandler stop us,"said Commissioner Carter
larger cut but left it alone.And so it my budget. Commissioner Carter pointed out if the county assesses for meaning the hardship on the poor. Need An Electrician?
went through the entire budget. said that to the best of his jail services the one-cent sales taxo Can DAN WAINWRIGHT
"Think bare bones" cautioned knowledge t there are no raises build a new jail probably won't be "No, we've got to do something,"
Clerk Norman. anywhere in the entire budget. passed by voters. Riddick suggested said Commissioner Chandler. 38 Year Experience All Types Electrical Work.
About two minutes after the bare Alvarez replied "If so, fd like to there is a difference In operating the Anita Rink emphasizing she 964-9139 Single &3 Phase Reasonably Priced Work
bones budget balancing offer the know it"Tax jail and in building a new one. spoke for herself and not the
board was back to spending. Collector Esther Hall came in Chamber of Commerce said the
"The time is coming when we'll late and was told by Commissioner How Much...? commission should have a decent
have to do something about the fire Carter: "Esther, things are lookingup Riddick said most households in budget with which to operate.As I
service" said Commissioner JoeRiddick here tonight. Then Carter told the county can afford a$200 per year Due to the tremendous success of our J
calling the volunteer Hall about the $1.4 In carryover assessment.That works out to$4 per
firemen the county's "unsung funds. week, and most people pay that the clock neared 10 p.m.,Chairman TRUCKLOAD SALEWe
heroes." Riddick said he'd like to much for beer or cigarettes he said. Waters suggested assessing
work a $15 assessment for the Biting the Bullet... Is the board talking about $125 $ $70 for the Jail $30 for the are extending this sale as a
volunteer firemen into the total At 9:10 Carter said: "We're more asked Pete Schlosser who at- EMT unit.
assessment. fixing to bite bullet." tended the meeting with his wife Thank
"With what Ray's done, you're Chairman Waters asked, "Well JoAnn. Yes they were told, a $200 You
down to $1.2 million out," said CPA which bullet are we going to bite?" per year assessment total along with At 9:55: p.m. Commissioner Rid-
Farnsworth about 8:06: p.m. "But.! Commissioner Riddick said. "I'll the$75 solid waste assessment. dick moved to assess$70 for the jail.


JI Hazardous Waste Fight. I
.. ,...pane lA

;source: leuucuon is tne key to rid after r recommendations were madeto "Florida Is taking the other one priority rather than proliferation OF THE YEAR.
the environment of toxic wastes,not eliminate toxic chemicals at the route." Once a treatment plant is of toxic wastel"said Kerry Ann
build a plant to try to get rid of the source there was 70% less toxic built the government will have a Dressier,board member of Concerned -
stuff. The people must wean waste in 1988 than in 1984. "Forty- vested interest in having more toxic Citizens of North Florida.A SAVE UP TO $400
themselves from the need for toxic two firms saved $2.1 million reusing wastes to treat. rally Is scheduled for Thursday
chemicals, get them out of their their toxic chemicals by turning "We must ",'...t"e toTauaimonee. August 17, in Tallahassee In front of SAVE Instant Credit
lives, he said. what was a waste into a reso;....-. we want you to put: tox- the Capitol at high noon. NOW Payments from
In California, according to Hunt Hunt said. ic waste reduction as the number
$34.00 mo.

If Gasburni I

The test run revealed leaks in-the countered were obtaining the proper A brief financial summary shows Florida $8,000; administrative With Each Membership You
tubes conducting gasses from the mix of air and gas and the problemof the main expenses for the project sultant $3,000; gassification Get._. ;::
gassifiers to the engine as well as the timing since wood gas burns at a were: Engine conversion $46,000; ment, Gulf Wood Energy $ ,con-I; FREE Blade Sharpening :
different rate than natural gas or oil. technical consultation University of installation, 8000.
pressure problem. FREE Annual Pick-Up and
Subsequent tests made at the Delivery
Dunellon plant of Gulf Wood Energy Parts Discount on All
Inc. failed to solve the problem of
In-Shop Repairs Factory

developing the Consequently gasses into enough the Monday pressure engine.-afternoon to...inject.. ..,_...-' M .5 ,Jt's: Back.",.,'ojpan&lng: School' Time I I. .. I Warranty Authorized Service Optimo ';:

February$ 22, 1082, the meeting'm. : : ; .'.. Extended Engine Warranty'' 1
.. .
; : ) .j W,. .
McCarty Hall'at the University'ofjrj -C Titi: jyw SG, ;' i Priority 5-Day Service ; '. ...:... .; ':3
Florida resulted in termination of Guarantee $50.00 Value(ace'
the project.In Details In store) ianna, N...,
spite of the failure of the projectto School *
perform its original mission. of ance
Lance Leonaitis project director of AH Toro Walk 'f'-
the Solar Energy Center in Atlanta Ballet Pointe Tap 5azzgyrnna.stics Mowers oa Sale
disbursing agent for the
Energy said "the gassuiers pro- r
Ballroom :
duced a good grade of clean gas and Savings up to
expressed hope that others will take $12O.OO

the experience"we have gained here Seven Years in the Lake Region area -
and build on It. No Down Paymentl!
Those at the meeting agreed that from
the gasifiers would be suitable for We Feature Payment .
use with spark ignition engines. 1. Professional Instructors s. Lake Region!Dance $13.0011IO. ;
One of the main problems en- 2. Limited Class Size .
countered on the project was the inability Company ..
s. Family Rate '
to feed enough gas Into the 6. Most Modern Teachlot; ACE -.
diesel engine to make it operate.The 4. Special Pre School and Techniques ta Area ...
ratio of natural gas to wood gas is 7 .Adult Only Classes ; Hardw n ..-

average to 1, with of only wood 150 BTUs producing per cubic an i After School Pick Up From Keystone *Melrose School !

foot as compared to an average of 2 Locations wy.21 S.Midway CenterKeystone mryn fyrtzrr HARDWARE GARDEN CENTERS
1,035 per cu.ft. for natural gas. The Pint Presbyterian Church Starke / O-/ /O / ; S .
small orifice for gas intake on the Registration August 12: 10-2 PM At The Studio
engine at the power plant would
have to be enlarged several times its XfXi:

present IV inch size in order to feed .Uuuu.u_____________..____hhhn.hhh___________._._._..._ .
enough wood gas into the cylinders :

according Other to major George problems Graudons.. en- Lady Bug Florist ,i I

Phon. 13S w.;'Call Street
96 -6306 Stork.,R 32091 ::- 1005 S. Water ---
TheBradford % 964-4956 _
Starke. FL ,; '

County School Bells Will Be RingingWe're ( Engine

TelegraphUSPS r__I
(Aug. 21)) BOB Parts

062-700 Cure Those Student Back to'School Jitters With .
135 West
Published every Thursday at
Cad Street.Storke.Florida 32091. A Gift Fromi nt V kil Sales
Second Class Postage paid at Storks."Florida .
,and additional mating oftlce Lady Bug Florist

Postmaster: Send address changes to: . ,
Bradford County Telegraph.P.O. Drawer iWd. "h' 've. ''
West Call Street.Stark..FL 32091. : ( NAPA
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$ .:,ilf ; 1 "ht affJMlYIyJ t ':o'.Jt o fr. J -a. .

Subscription per year:$8.00 Rate six In Trade month Area Outside: $14.00 ',' .i.'t:. i}. :k, '.s" ; t1d'; .,o :;;.f ,e< ;(Hf t .? .

Trade Area $16.00 per yea;$8.60 Hx
months. _

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Deerfoot Center 9646946r 155 W. Brownlee Road 964-6060 . -

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I IP -

This week's editorial past la devoted to leaden of the.
: past who guided Starhe's destiny through wan L

5 5I 5I depressions, fires hurricane,freeze, booms, busts, .

5I deadly epidemics influenza and yellow fever and all

5I I the troubles that small towns must deal with in the

I growing process.
This review by no means includes all who have helped

I x s:., 1 steer Starke's destiny during Us first 132 years, but in

y 1 : reading old newspaper files and other publications, these

are some of the ones whose names appear most frequently.It .

is due to their efforts and the backup support of many

others, that Starke has survived all of its set-backs and

now seems poised for its greatest period growth and


1 ,

Capt. John Charles Richard and Bride DR. J. L. GASKINS (top right).
whose accidental death at age 46

I cut short a career of many facets.
His service in state and local
.: Leaders of the Past Played ImpEvery ortant Rolestheir government brought him en-

couragement to run for Governor,

town has had its leaders if ty of one of its most brilliant minds failure. which he refused.
not there would be no towns or and energetic leaders, was born in The influential Dr.Gaskins was in-
cities as we know them. Bradford County, probably in the strumental In passage of a
.. Starke is no exception to the rule. Raiford area, Sept. 4, 1852. legislative bill in 1883 to relieve the COL. COMER L. PEEK (at
This story is not about all the leaders His father, Jordan Lacey Gaskins, railroad indebtedness of five coun- right) was a man of many talents: F-
Starke has had during its 132-year a native of Georgia, died in 1855, ties, including Bradford, and the Ci- teacher, writer real estate
history,but rather to review the con- leaving a large fortune in land, ty of Jacksonville. This important developer and promoter of Brad
tribution to the community of a few livestock and slaves. But all was lost measure is an instance of his ability I
of the earliest, who might otherwisebe during the Civil War. Young John and statesmanship. According to his ford County. His hobby was play-
forgotten.In Gaskins realized he must make his biography in "Memoirs of Florida"he ing checkers with all-comers in
the earliest copies of the Bradford own way in the world without benefitof was "financially hardly worth a his small, colonial style office on
= County Telegraph, on inherited wealth.He dollar in 1881, and in 1893 was the Call St. He served as mayor dur- 1
:.; microfilm at the public library, the was educated in the "common largest taxpayer in Bradford Coun- and
the court
.- names of four men appear more schools" of Bradford County, which ty.: His great success was at- ing days city
H often than most because of their ac- then included Union County, and tributed to his energy and ability, in would pass out sentences liberally
complishments for Starke and Brad- later attended the Lake Butler financial and political matters, but without interrupting his checker
:: ford County. Not all of their efforts Academy. His early ambition was to above all, "to the faithful dischargeof game.
::: were successful but at least they become a physician, and he began his every public and private
r tried.All of them served in offices on the study of medicine, graduatingwith duty.
the state level, as well as local, and highest honors in a class of The death of Dr. Gaskins occurred about $1,000 or more per tront foot.
::. were the subject of biographies in several hundred at medical collegein suddenly on August 25, 1898,while on He was a primary force in gettingthe
: statewide publications: Philadelphia. He returned to an outing with his two sons in a new first improved road built to the
Bradford County to practice, and pleasure boat they had constructedand lake, thus speeding up developmentof
performed a number of surgical out that
CAPT. were trying on Kingsley area.
whose CHARLES operations in Starke that attractedthe Lake. He lost his balance and fell into In spite of his many activities Col.
: RICHARD ( is
.:.: Ri-chard') was name the earliest pronounced attention of the profession and the water, dying of a heart attack Peek found time to write two novels

of leaders on the local scene, arriv- before assistance could be rendered, based on Southern life, which drew
he swimmer.His favorable reviews at that time. He
although was a good
here and
ing establishing the first
biographer wrote: "Thus end- also wrote articles for "Florida
large general merchandise store in
ed the useful life and brilliant Magazine" inaiivauiiviuG.
careerof .
1856, a year before the post office _.publishedhmodnthly.
a grand and noble man. The event ui
was established in 1857. Born in cast a gloom over the State for Dr. reaping fortunes from SampsonLake Telegraph, as well as President of Bradford County strawberry
: Glynn County, Georgia, in 1827, he Gaskins was widely known and swamp lands was not realized, the Bank of Starke, his several growers, enabling them to get their
: left there as a young man,settling in universally respected.." He Is buriedin he left a lasting mark on Starke. terms in the State Legislature, and Berries to northern markets with
Middleburg, where he farmed for a Crosby Lake Cemetery. His wife his 25 years as a member of the minimum delay. Starke's first
while and became a successful merchant EUGENE S. MATTHEWS who Florida Railroad Commission (now modern red brick schoolhouse builtin
nt was Fannie Darby,a sister of Arthur
He later owned a store in did not arrive on the Starke scene
e the Public Service Commission). 1914 his
M Darby, a prominent merchant in was during years as a
Jacksonville in partnership with .rho Starke for until 1893,when he came here to pur- During this time he was successfulin school trustee, and he also served on
George E. Pace, who later joined many years. chase The Telegraph, is the subjectof getting old Road 13 placed in theState's the City Board of Bond Trustees dur-
him as partner in the Starke store. COMER: L. PEEK a native ot an article on page 2 of Section primary system of roads, ing the early 1900 years, when bonds
With news of the new Atlantic to One, dealing with his newspaper and laying the foundation for its
Georgia, came to Starke in the 1870s present were being to finance the first
Gulf railroad being built throughthis political career. inclusion in the Federal
by way of Green Cove Springs, system city utilities.
area, Capt. Richard doubtless where he lived for a while after leav- His community interests covereda U.S. 301. While on the Railroad Com Other accomplishments of "Ma
recognized the potential for growthin ing his native state. broad spectrum covering his mission, he was successful in getting jor" Matthews are contained in the
Starke and established his as owner of The
One of the first mentions of him in many years refrigerated express car service for Story in Section One.
business on the south side of Call
The Bradford County Telegraph was
Street at the railroad near
the first railroad depot. an advertisement for the Starke In-

"Memoirs According of Florida"to a biography, published by in stitute 1879. This of which was he the was first principal"public"school In Bradford County Is Small in Size,

in Starke, but not a free

I of the Atlanta Southern in 1902 Historical,Capt. Richard Association was public today. school Tuition as per we quarter know the of term teni.i" .But once.Was Strong on Political![ Clout

descended from an "old and noble"Italian weeks was $3.75 for the first grade .".' .. ; I V'U'91 limtr I* "M'. .
family. His grandfather, Don $5 for second grade, and $6 for thirdgrade. Bradford has made its
: Luis Joseph Francis Richard, had fled County as deputy clerk of the court, and in
mark in the State of
politically 1894 he was appointed by President
: his native land following a duel in "
Colonel Florida by contributing an unusually Cleveland as receiver of the U.S.
: which his adversary was mortally was a complimentary titlein
wounded. He eventually came to San Eugene S. Matthewsthe those days, usually conferred on large number of political figures to Land Office at Gainesville, serving
Domingo in the Caribbean where he general public. lawyers, although Mr. Peek was important governmental offices, until 1898.
had a coffee plantation but left and Early in his career Dr. Gaskins more engaged in real estate and the considering its size as one of the' In 1900 he was elected Tax
came to South Carolina during an in- showed an interest in politics, which development of land than he was in smaller counties in the State. Assessor of Bradford County and 9
surrection of slaves that caused then operated under the old county the practice of law. Sometime in the In addition to the ones featured served in this capacity for 32 years .Y
havoc on the island. convention system of nominating late 1880s or '90s he built a large elsewhere in this issue, such as Capt. with only one break between terms.In .
Apparently some of his fiery candidates for public office. He two-story colonial type house,said to J.C. Richard, Dr. John L. Gaskins, 1937 he was appointed Supervisorof
: ancestor's blood remained with became the "political boss" of Brad- have been modelled on the style of Eugene Matthews, and Charley E. Registration and served one term
: Capt. Richard. At the outbreak of ford County, with most decisions on his parental home in Georgia. The Johns, there have been many others, before retiring from public office at
: the Civil War in 1861 he organized a candidates for public office made in house is still standing today, including long-time U.S. Representative age 75.The.
: voluntary company of militia that the back room of his drug store on although it has been moved from its R.A. (Lex) Green, who beganhis third generation of Wain-
.;: saw much action in the Virginia Call Street. original location on Madison Streetto political career with election to wrights to serve in the House was
:. campaigns. Capt. Richard was When Starke was incorporated in North Church Street by the pre- Congress in 1918. He taught school at N.D. (Noon) Wainwright, Jr., who
severely wounded: in his right arm 1876, he was elected the town's first sent owners, Mr. & Mrs. Randy New River early in life and was served during the sessions of 1945,
by the blowing up of a mine near almost unanimousvote. Johns. elected County Judge of Bradford
mayor by an 1947, and a 1948 special session. A
Petersburg. He and three other Over period of 18 years he Col. Peek had accompanied Dr. County in 1920, then ran successfully Starke insurance agent, he also
members of the Richard clan foughtin served almost continuously in the J L. Gaskins on the trip to South against veteran CongressmanFrank served as Mayor of Starke during
the Battle of Olustee near Ocean House or Senate of the State Florida to observe results of the land Clark in 1923, serving 21 years the World War II period.
Pond in Baker County, and he is said Legislature, and was elected drainage work in that area. They until his retirement in 1945.
to have been with Gen. Robert E. Speaker of the House four times- were so impressed that, on their Following the death of N.D. Wain-
Lee at the surrender in Appomattox.After two times by acclamation, with no return to Starke, they organized The Florida Commissioner of wright, Sr., the Florida House of
the war, Richard was opposition from either party. In 1891 Sampson Lake Drainage Co., to Agriculture Doyle Conner began his Representatives adopted a LEX GREENhas
elected as a delegate to the Florida he was prominently mentioned as a finance the building of a canal to long political career with election to memorial resolution in his honor,
the legislature at the age of 21, while that the taken a back seat in sending
: Constitutional Convention of 1865, drain lands they purchased stating cycle of three
candidate for Governor but declined swamp
still student at the of legislators to \
a University Tallahassee. At the
: called to meet governmental requirements to make the race. around Sampson, Rowell, and generations of the same family serving -
for readmission of states Crosby Lakes. Col.\ Peek, who was Florida. He became speaker of the in the House was "a unique fami- present time, both representativesand
In spite of his busy political
of the offered House at age 28, believed to be the ly distinction". the state senator comprising our
secretary company, man ever to hold that posi- legislative delegation from other
youngest are
In recent Bradford
1,000 acres of land to any person or ; years County
tion. In 1960 he was elected Commis- counties.

: John Charles Richard organized railroad organization from that Sampson would "build City toGainesville" a still sioner holds of Agriculture after 29 years., position He may he bea
and N.C. Petit of
I : volunteer militia to fightin Waldo the offered a thousand acres for although candidate he has for not re-election yet definitely in 1990 an-, .
War Between the States. Another had already nounced.
Bradford has three
arrangements for provided
completed of the Gaskins
speakers House- ,
railroad branch line
building a
Matthews and Conner- and two
Starke to Sampson City, where it ,
: that had seceded from the Union career Dr. Gaskins was active in would connect with the Georgia, Presidents of the Senate- CharleyE.
; prior to the war. He was also a real estate and development, con- Southern and Florida line. Johns and his brother, Markley
i delegate to the State Constitutional structing a new row of commercial A month later, the Florida Times M. Johns, whose untimely death
: Convention of 1885, which for- buildings on W. Call Street known as Union carried a letter from Col. prevented him from serving.
; mulated the organic law that is still the "Gaskins Brick Block". He Peek, advocating a track from While serving as Senate president,
I the basis of our state government to- became Interested in the reclama- ,Jacksonville to Gainesville via Charley Johns became acting
j day. Richard served In the StateI tion of the Everglades muck lands in Starke and Sampson City. He wrote Governor upon the death of Gover-
I Senate from the 15th district In 1877 South Florida, and according to a that the line would run through 18 nor Dan McCarthy, as provided In
; and in the House of Representatives news Story in The Bradford County miles of "splended farm, fruit, and the Florida Constitution. .. '
j I from Bradford County in 1889. Telegraph, he, together with Col.\ timber lands, and phosphate beds." .
Capt. Richard donated property Comer L. Peek of Starke and Jos. P. It was predicted that the small set Three Generations N, D. Wainwright Sr. N. D. Jr.
I on Church Street as a site for the McCuiley of Lawtey, visited this tlement called Sampson (later Of Walnwrights
Episcopal Church building that was area that was then being reclaimedby Sampson City) at the crossroads of Serve In House
I I moved from Fairbanks to Starke In the Dlsston Company for the the railroad lines would outgrow County'Conventions
I the 1890s, and is still in use by St. of cane rice production and Starke and Lake Butler and be the Believed to have set a unique RowdyPolitical
j Mark's Episcopal Church today. He vegetables. They sugar came back home largest town In the area. Col. Peek record In Florida politics, the Wain-
I also donated his half interest in a' purchased a large tract of land and wright family of Starke provided
reporting the yields produced on bosses and general turmoil thrived In Bradford County under
I three generations of representativesto
two-story cotton gin building once subdivided it for Dr. '
reclaimed lands wonderful development the old Convention
used by the as being the House of Representatives. County system of nominating candidates for public of
Episcopal congregationas and the yields per acre enormous. Gaskins made a large field from fice. One such Instance occurred in August 1888 and drew the following
a meeting place. This buildingwas They believed this same system of sawgrass land on both sides of E.J. (Edward Joseph) Wain- comment from The Telegraph;
also moved onto the Church reclamation could be to the Sampson Canal, and Capt. J.C. wriaht.the first to serve was born in
Street property and is still in use for swamp and overflowed applied lands around Richard created one on the west side Camden County, Ga., In 1835 and "We are pained to report that after the County Convention held in Lake
church purposes today. Sampson, Rowell and Crosby of Rowell Lake for the purpose of came to Florida as a young man,set Butler was adjourned, a shooting affray occurred outside. Mr. Jack
Capt. Richard was also one of the Lakes 2Vi miles west of Starke. Ac- growing rice. Although they had lit tling In Nassau County. After serving Chancey fired twice upon Mr. William Addison, one ball entering Just to
Incorporators of the first public cordingly together with M.C. Lewis tle success, they kept on experimenting and being severely wounded in the left of the right nipple, the other passing through his clothes over the
school in Starke. about 11 but the hoped for town failed to the Civil War, he returned to his left shoulder.The wound Is considered serious. May the day be not far distant
His determination and fiery spirit of Lawtey they purchased all grow. The crate mill that had been family after the war and soon movedto when peace, harmony, good will and morality shall' reign In every
were self-evident. During the yellow sections (7,000 acres),embracing established moved away and the Bradford County, where he farm-. heart In this county.Strife among us has wrought so much damage that we
I fever epidemic of 18when Bradford lands the marsh around,. saw the grass three,lakes.and swamp fields were abandoned. After the ed In the Heilbronn Springs area for are constrained to shed a tear to"see.such ugly.thirties and thorns growing
\ County mounted guards at the Drainage operations were soon death of Dr. Gaskins,the entire project many years. He represented the where flowers should flourish. .
I county borders to prevent anyone deepening and cleaningout went into decline. .county In the House of Representatives In those days there was no-'party nomination for officers.
from coming in or leaving the area underway, Around 1900, however Col. Peek In 1879 mule all the county
Sampson River,in order to lower riding a Anyone seeking an office had the right to run In the General Election In a
I during the quarantine, Capt.. purchased a large tract of land on Tallahassee to his
their levels and plant rice and other way to ,according "scrub race"a free for alL with every man for himself. Whoever got:
Richard received word that his son,, southwest side of Kingsley Lake
In the drained areas. the grandson, J.R. Wainwright. the most votes was the winner,even if be had no ma jority.Each precinct
who was working In Macclenny crop the freezes of 1895 and 1899 had
had its chairman and elected
wanted to return home. He quietlye Some rice was grown, and there discouraged early settlers around The next Walnwright to serve was own its delegates to the convention.:
hitched up his horse, got out his trusty are reports that a rice mill for the lakes from attempting to grow EJ.'s son N.D. (Newnan David) Soon after he pw'cchaded h, E.S. Matthews,who had seen
shotgun somehow eluded the removing the husks was erected in oranges and other fruits and Walnwright, Sr.. who served in the the primary system worked successfully in Alachua and Marion County
border guards, and brought his son the Sampson City area,but the grandiose vegetables. Col.\ Peek saw an opportunity House during the 1931 session. A started a campaign to change the system here where Dr. Gaskin had
borne. dreams of Gaskins and Peek' to develop this land by long-tune figure in public life, he become a"political Boss:', getting himself elected to the legislature year
This high-spirited leader Is buried wen never realized.Perhaps the untimely dividing Into lots for sale to Starke was born In 1861 near Callahan In after year. Matthews thought that other good men in the county would
In Crosby Lake Cemetery. death of Dr. Gaskins In a residents for summer homes. He Nassau County, and moved with hisparents have a better chance of election In the primaries. He argued that a fundamental -
DR. JOHN L. GASKINS. whose boating accident on Kingsley LakeIn developed Peek's subdivision and to Bradford at age six,spending -' principle of Democracy Is the rule of a ma fort .' ...*
tragic accidental death at age 46 1898 and the freezes of 1895 and sold 50-foot lakefront lots for ISO. his boyhood on I his father's The was adopted
primary system
'18M were a contributing factor to The same lots today would!, demand farm. His first political service was on basis in 1901.i...._. ,.

I I Coun-

'aJ ... .' it. t rI": <,i .;-

" .., .. n . ..!It .q ,-...... .. ...."... -... .. .....,"'........ .... .i) .....,....... ,... ...... ....... ... ... .. ._ ...

a (u

..... .. . ", .

',., Engagements. Parties
'" 0 ." ,_ .. '
.1'i : \\If.i, .\ ;':' ,( ; Social 'Meetings

'"' '''' ,_. .". .h........ :

<._......., '_m._" _____m........J7. .'" r! !' i WdCuigs


An ORDINANCE amending the Com- .S .' Items
pr.h.nilv. Land Use Plan Element and ..;.'. .. ... '' Announcemen
Map by City of Stark. Florida In accordant .
with the local Government Comprehensive A i .m' ;,j.,
Planning Act of 1975 a* provided I .
Statut.t.for In Chapter 163 of the Florida .i'\\/\ Correction! Morgan ReunionSet

TO ALL CITIZENS. Taxpayer and other I I, Cathy Billiard would like to for August 12
Interested p.ron I clear up a misprint which appeared
You and .ach of you or. and : July 27 in the article "Weakened The Fourth Annual Reunion of the

herewith given notice In accordance '"'''' .". ... .. .. .. Nepotism Rule Adopted by Board". descendants of Leaton U. and Mar
with Florida Slotut. that th. Board of It stated "Starke Elementary tha C. Morgan )is set for Saturday,
City Commlulon.r of Stark. Florida. Teachers Aide Cathy Hilliard..." It August 12 at the training complex
have designated th. Stark Zoning and should read "PTO member Cathy building at Union Correctional In-
Planning Board to conduct a public hearing Lisa Mitchell Hilliard". stitution, off Hwy. 16E.
at a regular meeting h.ld at 7:00: and David Williams I called and requested a correc Lunch will be at 12:30: p.m. Bring
p.m. In Ih. City CommiHlon meeting tion. Since this was not done, I food and drink for an old-fashioned
room of Stark.City Hall Stark., Florida, MitchellWilliamsEngagement thought it necessary to write one get-together. For more informationcall
on Thursday August 31, 1989. and make myself to clear this matter up. It 964-5446.
a r.comm.ndallon to th. City of Stark. ToldMr. was not stated at the meeting why I f
Commissioners and the Board will conId.r & Mrs. G.W. Anders of Starke was there.It Revival Services Set
on Tuesday 19, 1989. and H. David Mitchell of Marietta is deeply appreciated that the
at Ordinance th. tarn. told plac. at 7:30 p.m. an .. Ga., announce the engagement and Board will listen to us when we At St. John Church
relating to:
their speak on an issue. Thank Community Revival Services will
upcoming marriage of up you
Th. of the
rezoning following d.scrlb- Mr.& Mrs. Burton Howard Norman Jr.
.d prop.rty and amending th* Com- daugther. Lisa Jeanine Mitchell, to Board Members I be held August 21-25 at 7 p.m. at St.
pr.h.nilv. Land Use Plan to provld Earl David Williams, Jr., the son of Cathy Hilliard John Baptist Church in Lawtey,
that land currently zoned 1-1 and Lessig-Norman Married July 14 Mr. & Mrs. Earl David Williams of Rev. Herman Johnson, Pastor.
designated by th. plan a* Light Industrial Starke. Guest speaker will be Rev. Joe
b. rezoned to RM-I and John Strickland served as best Lisa is a 1989 graduate of Bradford Cephus Johnson of Ebenezer Mis-
designated R.sld.ntlal M. Horn, th* Raiford Miss Dana and Burton Renee Howard Lessig Nor-of man,with ushers T.J. Wilkerson and High School and is currently atten- sionary Baptist Church in Hallan-
property of DONALD NETTLES d.crlbd Evan ding Santa Fe Community College. dale.
a* follows: Lot 6 and 7 of Block 7 out of man, Jr., of Highland were united in Miss Hope Norman sister of the David is currently manager of - - - - - - "
Parcel! 03601-0-00000 Section marriage July 14 at Highland Bap-
28. Williams Jewelry Store in Starke
served as flower girl.
N.Township Thompson 6, Rang.Str..t.22 E, located at 813 tist Church bride in is the Highland.The daughter. of JamesA. groom Richard Allen Norman,cousin of the and High is School.a 1987 graduate of Bradford 53otfII I II9q'J

You are furth.r given NOTICE that a Lessig of Raiford. The groom is groom, was ringbearer.The The wedding is being planned for
copy of aid proposed ORDINANCE I. the son of Mr. & Mrs. Burton church was decorated with a 1990. "
available for your Inspection at the office Howard Norman of Highland.Rev. heart-shaped candelabra accented { ]
of the Director of Zoning and Plann- George W. Chisholm per- with two seven-branch candelabrasand McKinley-Moore
ing 209 N. Thompson Street City Hall. formed the ceremony. Nuptial palms. Flower arrangements of ,
Stark. Florida. music was provided by Mrs. Pam pink roses aqua carnations and Engagement Told
Each and vry person having any Interest Sapp. stephanotis with mums and babys Ebble Dwayne McKinley of rrerrif"k
whatever In the enactment of thl.propo.ed .) The bride wore a gown of white breath were placed on the Lawtey and Kelly Denise Moore of
ORDINANCE should app.arand bridal satin with lace overlay, candelabras. Pink and aqua bows Starke would like to announce their Love
b. heard at the lime and plac featuring a high neckline with were fyi the middle of each ar- engagement and approaching mar ,

prescribed. simulated pearls, sequins, lace ap- rangements. riage. (, 4 Larry Mope & StacyfJ1iant'You
BOARD OF CITY plique smocked lace in front and Following the ceremony, a recep- The wedding will be Saturday, ,
OF STARKE COMMISSIONERS tion held in the hall
back of full skirt with strands ofpearls was fellowship ,
Oct. 7 at 5 p,m. It will be at the Officers
Dorrell O'Neal
By which decorated with pink blue
2tchg 8/10-17 overlaying the open back. was Club at Camp Blanding. All
Control- 115" Director Storke She carried a cascade of pink and white streamers and
a Planning preside friends and relatives are invited.
roses with lace, pearls and ir- bells. The punch table was :
ridescents. Her headpiece was a over by Mrs. Ann Norman and Mrs.
NOTICEAPPLICATION crystal illusion blusher with a puff, Dori King. Charge It',
FOR REZONING accented with scattered pearls on Miss Susan Barlow and Miss Pam Centel
PEGGY NETTLES JOYCE JOHNS & the veil. McNeil cut and served the three-tier My sincere 'THANKS" to you. the
JEWELL BRADBURY has mad applicationto Miss Vanessa Stewart served as wedding cake accented with a bride That's what customers of Central is dy Citizens of Starke. for allowing me to ...
the Stark Zoning Planning Deportment maid of honor, wearing a pink tea and groom flower arrangement on Telephone Company of Florida can ? seek the position of City Clerk
for rclassification of the property length satin dress with fitted bodice, top, with large wedding bells and say starting August 1 as the company unopposed.
described below from R1-C to RM-1: Lot with scattered and blue VISA andMastercharge
encrusted with pearls and sequins.She coves pink begins accepting
1 8 2 of Block 6, Section 28. Township 6.Range .
the entire cake. credit cards for
carried of roses throughout payment
a roses
nosegay pink
The show of confidence and the
22 E., Parcel 03599-0-00100
with lace, pearls and irridesecnts. The newlyweds now reside in of monthly bills, deposits, advance '
located at N. Thompson Stret Stark.. f extended to has been
support me truly
Bridal attendants were Miss Raiford. The bride is an upcoming payments and equipment pur-
This In classificationIs
proposed chang. Regina Sweat and Miss Belinda senior at Union County High School chases. tremendous.My .
be held
before subj.ct Starke to a public Zoning hearing Board to on Thursday Bryant,both wearing satin aqua tea- and is currently employed by Starke Customers can make their credit

August 31. 1989, at 7:00 p.m. at Ih. length dresses with a fitted bodice Uniform. The groom attended Brad- card payment at any Centel Conve- pledge to you -1 will serve you
Council Room of Stark City Hall 209 N. and antebellum waistline. They car- ford High School and is employed by nience Center, or by telephone. honestly fairly and to the best of my
Thompson Street Starke Florida.At this ried nosegays of aqua carnationswith Thomas E. Lee Construction. When making payments by phone, ability.
time all persons, both for and against lace, pearls and irridescents. business customers should call ti '
this proposal shall b*heard as specllled 681-6600 in Tallahassee or 664-3400 in
In the Stark Zoning Codes. Ft. Walton Beach. Residence Again. THANK YOU
The Zoning will make a recommendation NOTICE OF INTENTION Festival of Arts customers should call 681-3100 in :.. -:- .'.'

to the Cpmnils |lop on r- .&.&'< TO REGISTER..o. ... Accepting ApplicationsThe .,Tallahassee or 664-3200 in Ft.Walton. ...../\,.......... .) O':. ,-t.:. .Llnda H. Wise
this application at their regular scheduled FICTITIOUS NAME Beach. .
4th Annual - -
hearing set for Tuesday Pursuant to Section 865.09 Florida State Festival of
19. 1989 at 7:30: p.m. In the Council Statute, notice I I. hereby given that the the Arts being held October 28-29 is
Room of Stark City Hall Stark, undersigned TERRANCE PETRILLO. P. O. now accepting applications for
Florida. At this time the Stark City Box 1485. High Springs, Fla. 32643, sole entertainers.
Commission will make the final decision owner doing business under the firm Dancers,musicians and other per-
on the proposed application after having name of TERRY'S AUTO SALES P. O. Box formers are invited to apply. More
two public hearing, two odv.r- 476, Waldo Fl. 3269... Intends to register than 10,000 spectators are expected
tis.m.nts and posting. All persons Interested said fictitious name under the aforesaid for a weekend of art and fun. For an
In this application are hereby statute. application write to Nancee Clark,
given notice of time and place for th. Dated this 10th day of August 1989 In P.O. Box 1530, Gainesville, Fl. 32602,
two public hearing required. Bradford County. or call ((904) 395-5159.
Darrell O'Neal 4tpd 810.31Conlroll..7
2tchg 8/10-17 Director, eo .. 00a
Control 151 Zoning Planning Oo%
Stark, Florida

JAMES R. FLYNN ha mad applicationto (
the Stark Zoning Planning Department ALL SILVER .
for reclassiflcatlon of the property
described below from R1-D to RP: Lot
One and Two of Block B-1 of the Sunny
Acre Subdivision Section 21, Township REFLATINGREDUCED
6 South Rang 22 East Parcel
02400-0-00104, located at 409 West

Georgia This proposed Str..t. chang In classiiicationI 25 % -

*ubct| to a public to be heldbefore

August Starke 31,Zoning 1989,at Boar 7:00 p.m.on Thursday at th*- No charge for straightening'DURING /: Ii Ii.q

Council Room of Starke City Hall. 209 N. AUGUST ONLY. ;;.. ..q
Thompson Street Starke Florida.At this Ic'
time all persons, both for and against
this proposal shall be heard as spclild
In the Stark Zoning Codos. ,
Th. Zoning will make a recommendation ,
to the Stark City Commission on II
this application at their regular scheduled ''.
hearing set for Tuesday September ',' /
19. 1989 at 7:30 p.m. In the Council .
Room of Stark. City Hall. Stark. F tt
Florida. At this time the Stark City \II
Commission will make the final decisionon ,
the proposed application after hav-
ing two public hearing., two advertisement -
and potting. All person Interested -
In this application or.
given notice of time and place.for th* L x
two public hearings required. ;F- ,
Darrell O'Neal ___
Director _
21c h g8/10-17 Zoning. Planning
Control 150 Stork., Florida

NOTICEAPPLICATION Make YOUR old Silver look like NEW!

EUGENE LATEEF has FOR made REZONING applicationto Every Item Replated at Sale Prices'11siIllu

the Stark.Zoning Planning Deportment -
for reclasslilcatlan of the property exodknl lime to tike For button When get a telecommunications system
described below from OR to CG: The'.eol"-Iow,low price tale you
front (West Portion) 2.97 acres 345x375' Aftkfe ... PrIce
to line your worn silverware, fit.
6 South 22 Centel it's tailored
of Section 3. Township Range from
Parcel 01950-0-00000, located unique ad nunfly heirloom Tap*.............. 11I8." M9.2I
Uke These
North on 301. reptettd pfcct c.- ............ 63." 47.21

Is This subject proposed to a public change hearing In classification to be held ire and now mike more wondernil YihuMe glto.dun AH ever CuadIeIIIct(pew ta.) ... 6.95 5.21 Looking to try on a new telecomFor everything from installation to

before Starke Zoning Board on Thursday work Huvmr sarmura by SugvBowl........: 68.95 51.71 munications system? Why not outfit your maintenance, talk to Centel about a cus

August 29 1989. at 7:00 p.m. at the our Allied tihrenmitlu md We Trays(peuq..ln) ..... .55 .41 business with a convenient and tomizedtelecolnmuflicationssystem.We'll
Council Room of Stark.City Hall 209 N. prices ipply to All ptocei.
Thompson Street, Stork.Florida.At this effective Centel key system or PBX. create one to suit your business perfectly.
time all persons, bath for and against FULL 2$Y1AI! WAMANTYonan silver repisting
this proposal shall be heard as specllled Vkll tailor a brand new up-to-date

In The the Zoning Starke Zoning will make Cedes.a recommendation REPAIR POLICY: system to meet your needs exactly. A flex' I

to the Starke City Commission an fEE!DENT REMOVAL and straightening on in Hems we sllverpUte.OHUT124 ible system can make alterations! .
application at their regular scheduled -
hearing set for Tuesday September e .50 POI SOLDEUNG mAIlS on*ny ptoct wt sflverptae.Indode as you need them. CENTELWherepeople:

20. 1989. at 7:30 p.m. hi the Council soUertnf....handle keg, knobs,etc.(Only ticepoMU sre lot fumWOnf Most Centel systems are available for '
Stork. Hall. Starke. tot nususDy dma*reptln.) :
Roam of CIty new psru .
Florida. At this time the Stark City purchase. But you can also rent, so you. L .... .
Commission will make the final decision 104 w. can st. don't need a large capital investment.Just' .

on the two proposed public hearing application, two after adver having c / etukef..dryGLjJN an installation charge and a monthly fee. :., ;.., "'" .. '. ';:''.' ., connect" ii. ,

Wsement and posting. All person Interested 964-7271 0 Si 'I- .
In this application are hereby 1
given notice of time end place for the ,
two public hearing required. SALE ENDS AUGUST 31. .' in,w'.
.. Darrell O'Neal .
fcchae/10-17 Director. Sterling Silver repairs at regular low price.Aik for rm ettimmle. C.CWM.1M9
Control 153 Zacng Planning
Stork., Florida


--- -
.., ; ..
( \;'


I Obituaries : u. Survivors Include his parents,Mr. In lieu of flowers, donations may Born in Lake Butler, Mr. Kerce Martin of Jacksonville; nine grandchildren
& .Mrs. Russell Boutte; his sister be made to: Christ the World Bible lived most of his life In Homesteaduntil and one great-grandchild:
Keith BoutteKeith Vicki Lee Boutte of Keystone; andhis Training Center, P.O. Box 10305 moving to Sumter four years
grandmother, Mrs. Ed Childersof Jacksonville, Fl.32247. ago. He was a retired carpenter. Funeral services were held
Boutte, 22, of Keystone Hamilton,Ala. Survivors include his wife, Mable August S In the Chapel of Archer
Heights, died Sunday, Aug. 6 at his Funeral services were held Smith Kerce; two daughters, Funeral Home of Lake Butler.
I home. Wednesday, Aug. 9 in Keystone Patricia Carson of Sumter and Mary Burial will be In New Zion Cemetery
Born Nov. 13, 1966 in Jacksonville, Heights Community Church with James (P.J.) Kerce Quinn of Boise, Idaho; two sons under the direction of Archer
Mr. Boutte was a lifelong resident of Rev. Rob Morford and Rev. Buddy Gerald of Homestead and Glenn 01 Funeral Home of Lake Butler.
Keystone. He attended Christ the Friedlin officiating./ Interment was James P.J. Kerce, 68, of Sumter, Monroe, Conn.; two brothers
World Bible College in Jacksonvilleand in Keystone Heights Cemetery S.C., died August 2 in the Tuomey Willard and Harlow Kerce, both of
was a member of Community under the direction of Jones Funeral Regional Hospital in Sumter, S.C., Lake Butler; one sister, Beatrice
Church. Home after a brief illness.

1 I
'" I. nnnrf IhniROUNDSTEAK
Prices in this au "guuu n

Holly Farms Sunday, August 13, 1989.

S : _

:1 -

1 Grade A

Era Browning

Card of Thanks I LEG

Words cannot adequately expressour I
deep appreciation for the many _
kind and sympathetic acts that :
came to us at the time of our recent _
bereavement. _

The Family of Era Browning L QUARTERS'Lb.

Mrs. Mary Ann DixonMrs. .

Mary Ann Wilson Dixon 89,
of Waldo, died August 3 in Shands
Teaching Hospital following an extended

Born illness.Apr. 23, 1900 In Denver, USDA
Colo.,Mrs.Dixon moved to Waldo in o it iM Iffilte
1962 from Denver. She was a e ippis ? m
homemaker and a member of the ( 01
Baptist faith.Survivors P
include one son James ;
Wilson of Waldo; and one sister, Ef- SEEDLESS GRAPES
fie Hall of Boone, Iowa.
Funeral arrangements will be announced ( ,
Funeral a later date by Jones

Mrs. Minnie CossMrs. 1

Minnie Matilda Ryan Coss,
91,of Starke,died Aug.5 in Alachua
General Hospital of Gainesville $449 Jumbo WesternCANTALOUPES
following an extended illness. I
Born Dec. 7, 1897, in Muscatine, I
Iowa, Mrs. Coss moved to Starke
from Loveland,Colorado( in 1972.She
had also lived at Su-Els Retirement
Home in Hampton for the past two .
years. She was a member of First
United Methodist Church in Starke 21-25 Ct. New Zealand
and the Bradford County Senior 088
Citizens group.Survivors ,
include one son, JUMBOSHRIMP 99c
Richard E. Coss of Starke; six KIWIFRUIT
grandchildren.grandchildren and eight great

Funeral services were held Aug. 7
at DeWitt C.Jones Chapel with Rev.
Dwight S. McQueen officiating.. Interment 11111 "

Cemetery was under in the Kingsley direction Lake of \JSDA Ch ice '. ... -.

Mrs.!!Funeral Georgette Home of Starke.Crews 1 Boneless. ..Befit$799: Lb 4j $ 1 -

: Mrs. Georgette M. Crews, 65, of
Lake Butler died Aug. 3 in the North SIRLOIN'f
)"la. Regional Medical Center in
:Gainesville following a brief illness.
Mrs. Crews was born in Cambrai, STEAK Kibun Fresh Green
France and moved to Lake Butler in Tart
J945 where she has since resided.

She the was First a homemaker Christian Church and memberof of Lake IMITATIONCRABMEAT TANGY 7 CABBAGE

;Butler. 49 )
: Survivors include her husband,
:John F. Crews; one daughter,LindaC. S
: Taylor of Macclenny;three sons, LIMES
:John Alan Crews and Patrick Crews 1
)>oth of Lake Butler and Eric D.
children.Crews of Starke; nine grand Lb. 4LbS./$1

Funeral services were held Saturday $199Lb. 81$1
at 11 a.m. in the First Christian
Church of Lake Butler, with Rev.
Art Peterson officiating. Burial was
in Crews Cemetery 3 miles east of
Lake Butler on SR 100.

Card of ThanksOur -

sincere appreciation to our
friends and neighbors, for their
prayers and support thru our tragic
loss of Cory Michael Lee.Thank you
for the phone calls,visits,cards and OLD MILWAUKEE & OLD MILWAUKEE & COORS COKE CAFFEINE FREE CORE: :
doctors of the Lake Butler Hospitaland
the emergency rescue unit. 12 OZ./24 12 OZJ6 PACK CANS 12 OZ./12 PACK CANS CLASSIC COKE2Uter95
attention in those first
Their special
hours will never be forgotten. $ $ 99 $ 49 SPRITE .
Thanks to Lake Butler United .L.j ., ] 5 DIET SPRITE $ 09
Methodist Church and Johnstown \ 2 Liter
Baptist Church. Your care and '
prayers held our families and together.Lee ___.. _
Patrick,Tammie Ricky
The Richard WestfaU Family

The Curtis Lee Family 16 Oz. Greer .16 Of. Cut Green Beans/14 Oz. 10 Oz. Chef Boy Ar Dee/ 5 Oz. 5'Ct.. BiscuitsBUTTERMENOTS

Card of ThanksA SAUCE Trench Style Green Beans/15 Oz. 7,6 Oz. Jeno's Assorted
APPLE Whole Kernel Or Cream Style Corn FROZEN PIZZAS
special thank you to our family
and friends for remembering us dur- STOKELY
ing the recent loss of our mother.
The many expressions of sympathy 3/1/ /

prayers family will,food always of phone Ada be calls Godwin remembered.The ,visits andflowers 2/8ge/ 8943/$1I

Centel CustomersTo

See Bill DecreaseSome

business customers of Cen- 15 Oz. Blackeye Peas/Pintos/ I :11.5 Oz. EP/AD Vacuum Bag Flaked 14 Oz. Frozen Chocolate/
tral Telephone Company of Florida Great Northern/Pork & Beans FOLGER'SMASTERBLEND LemonCoconutBananaLUCK'S _
will see a decrease in the SubscriberLine --
Charge portion of their monthly BEANS COFFEE BAIfQUET CREAM PIES
bills beginning Aug. 1.
"This decrease will apply to

than business customers one customers subscribing line and who to have business Centrex more w.. 3/$1/ $159 CREAM PIE 690.

Service general,"regulatory said C. manager.Dean Kurtz"In, S Y. .. _

both cases, the monthly Subscriber
Line Charge will decrease from fS.M .,.
per line to$5.91 per line." I
The Subscriber Line Charge, paid
by all telephone customers in the ResI.
United States, was ordered by the
Federal Communications Commission -
i 1,; In 1869 to allow local telephone e I s
, companies to recover the costs ofproviding I II
customers with a continuous -
I link to.the national long I ,
distance network. \



.,...;:"'j. 'bYf fON n1aiBEfs .>." _.xt r.r, MOl, .. .t<. ', "" '" .._, .. 'i k '.....' 7Iu ....lrteiy\ yaMw t1.,.t ... I, ,. .f, ,, \\b "" '. \ ". '"' .: \:

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'f" ." 1 .., ,.;11,,, '
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Id 1 I' r -'---- ... ... ,- --.---.--- -' --- -" ..( -..._. _ ". .....M. 4..-slCAUGUST _. .

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.8. .11II1 RR4l) .-oRDCOUNTYTELRGRAPH.111thANNl: \KHSAin; .>.\1.; ; stn\; :: ..t-iniSr.ta tt

1. ._ _
REQUEST FOR SWILL BIDS entered against you for the .
Th. School Board of Bradford Countywill demanded in the Petition 1 Slot Wide Collection Corpo,-rtron: CITY Hon*Ray Harmon
receive bids on swill from all school WITNESS my hand and the ..010' sold ; OF STARKE FLORIDA; and ROYAL APPLIANCES Clef Circuit Court
cafeterias on August 15, 1989 al 2:00 Court ; )- \ I INC.. a Florida ,
on this 25 day of July 1989. \ ; {ytr/ corporation Control 136
p.m. Interested Individual mutt bid on RAY NORMAN, CLERK i" :' \,11. ,.I ; ('; :""tN Jh e/k/a ROYAL APPLIANCE MFG. CO.. 4tcha 7/27-8/1'
each school separately and may bid on "Ichg 7127.817Conlrol142 : ;:: "i'"i"" ; ,,, ... ." <, J and you are required to serve a copy of --. -.
on* or all tchooli.Copies }; ; .ii your written defenses. If any to It on
of the bid form may bo pickedup ; ---.... .; Kent. Ridge A Crawford, plaintiffs attorney IN IHE CIRCUIT COURT Of THE EIGHTH OF
al the Bradford County School Purchasing IN THE CIRCUIT COURT. EIGHTH whose address Is:
Department 519 N. Orange St. JUDICIAL CIRCUIT. IN AND FOR BRAD. personal representative's County. Florida and s rvs a copy 900 Florida Notional Bank Tower COUNTY FLORIDA. IN AND FOR BRADFORD
attorney or.
W., Stark.. Fl. 32091, or call) Michael FORD COUNTY FLORIDA. set forth below.All thereof upon the attorney for the Plaintiffs 225 Water StreetJacksonville. CIVIL DIVISION
Reddish Director of Purchasing at ((904) CASE NO. 89351-CA Florida 32202on
who Is
Interested :
persons or* required to Casa No .208.CA
964.6800, exl 28, and DAVID M. or before August 24, 1989 and file
a will be MCMILLIAN and
copy sent with this WILLIAM A. BESSENT III. ESQUIRE
court, WITHIN THREE MON. the original with th. Clerk of this Court MID STATE TRUST II.
to you. MARIANNE A. MCMILLIAN. his wile, THS OF THE FIRST PUBLICATION OF THIS 403 West Georgia Street either before service on plaintiff's attorney a Delaware Business Trust
Interested persons must have bids atthe Plaintiffs, NOTICE: ((1)) all claims against the estate Post Office Bon 1056 or Immediately thereafter other Plaintiff
Purchasing Office not later than 2:00: vsWILLIE and ((2)) any objection by an Interested Stork. Florida 32091 wls* a default will entered againstyou vs
P.M.. August 15. 1989. Send bids to: MACK WILLIAMS and person on whom this notice was served ((904)) 964-7262 for the relief demanded In the JONATHAN LEWIS a married man.
Michael Reddish Director of Purchasing JAMES BENNETT. JR.. that challenges the validity of the will not later than September 1989. plaint or petition. and ClAY ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE
519 N. Orange St. W., Stark. Fl. 32091. Defendants. the this 31st
qualifications of the personal DATED day of July. A.D.. WITNESS my hand and seal ol this
Outside of th. Defendants.NOTICE
envelope MUST CLEARLY NOTICE OF ACTIONTO representative, 1989. or )Jurisdiction of Court an the 20th day ol July. 1989. OF SALE
STATE: Bid Description: SWILL BIDS and DEFENDANTS. the court. RAY NORMAN
RAY NORMAN hereby given that, pursuantto
BID 9.0815.2.. WILLIE MACK
WILLIAMS and ALL CLAIMS AND Clerk of Circuit Court
OBJECTIONS NOT Clerk of the Circuit Court an order or FINAL JUDGMENT Of
2tchg 8/3-10 JAMES BENNETT JR.Residence SO FILED WILL BE FOREVER BARRED. By Carol WilliamsAs 4lchg 7/27-8/17 FORECLOSURE In the above captioned -
Unknown Publication of this Notice was begunon Deputy Clerk Control 138 case, I will sell the property
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE EIGHTH AND All OTHER WHOM IT MAY CON Augusts, 1989. Control 145 situated In Bradford County Florida
JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN AND FOR BRAD CERN: Personal Representative: tchg 8/3-24 described as: .
FORD COUNTY FLORIDA. YOU ARE NOTIFIED that an action to Bobbie A. Johnson IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE EIGHTH Buyer's property consisting of approx.
CASE NO: 89.307-CA quiet title to the following property in 7104 Wilson Blvd. IN THE CIRCUIT COURT. EIGHTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT Of THE STATE OF one ((1)I) acres and located on 43
In R.: Th. Marriage of Bradford County Florida: Jacksonville Fl. 32210 JUDICIAL CIRCUIT. IN AND FOR BRAD- FLORIDA. IN AND FOR BRADFORD Place North approximately 2',i mites
GERALD FRED FELLOWS, South Vi of SE 1/4 of SW 1/4 of NW Attorney for Personal FORD COUNTY FLORIDA. COUNTY South of Stole Road 100 Bradford County
Husband 1/4, Section 17, Township 6 South, Representative: CIVIL ACTION NO: 89-279-CA CIVIL DIVISION Florida: legal description as follows:
and Rang. 22 East containing 5 acres more Burney Bivens. Esquire FNB PROPERTIES INC.. CASE No. 08.609-CA All ol that lot piece ol parcel ol land
GLORY A. FELLOWS or I.... Bradford County Florida. 1543 Kingsley Ave.. 18.B a Florida corporation MID STATE TRUST II, situate lying and being In the County of
Wife. hoe been tiled against you and you or. Orange Park Fl. 32073 Plaintiff a Delaware Business Trust Bradford State of Florida to wit:
NOTICE OF ACTIONTO required to serve a copy of your written Telephone: ((904)) 2643412. vsALBERT Plaintiff Beginning, at a concrete monument |
: Mr. G.rald Fred Fellows delenses, If any. to It on Johnny R. 2tchg 8/3.10 F. YOUNG. JR.. e/k/a FRANK vs marking the one-fourth (1/4)) Section ,
c/o Helde Englund Hobbs, Jr.. Esquire Plaintiff attorney, Control 144 YOUNG; The Unknown Heirs Delli..... CLARA E. LEE. a single woman and corner on the West line ol Section 25. I.B
8963 Coop.r Road whose address Is P.O. Drawer 938, Gran..... Assignees, Honors. BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERSOF Township 8 South Range 22 East Bfad- /I
Kenosha Wisconsin 53142 Starke, Florida 32091 on or before IN THE EIGHTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT COURT Creditors Trustees or Other Claimants BRADFORD COUNTY ford County; thence run North 660.00 '
YOU ARE NOTIFIED that an action for August 31, 1989 and file the original IN AND FOR BRADFORD COUNTY, claiming by through under or against Out.ndonts. feet to a concrete monument: thence run
dissolution of marriage has been filed with the clerk of this court either belore FLORIDA ALBERT F. YOUNG. JR.. who Is not NOTICE OF SUIT East 330.00 leet to a concrete monument
against you. You are required to serve a service on plaintiff attorney or Immediately Civil Department known to be dead or alive: KIERT SUN. TO: CLARA E. LEE. If olive or dead her sold monument being, the point of
copy of your written defenses If any to thereafter; otherwise a CASE NO. 89.105.CA DUSADEE and CRISANTA V. SUN. unknown spouse, heirs, devisees, beginning of the land hereon described.
the action on Wife's attorney whose default will b. entered against you forth J. D. ODOM, JR., and DUSADEE his wife; BARNETT RECOVERY grantees, creditors and all other parties Thence continue East 330.00 feel to a f\\
name and address are: MYRTICE R. relief demanded In the complaint or VERNIE PHILLIPS ODOM his wife CORPORATION a Florida corporation claiming by through under or againsther. concrete monument: thence run North I
WALDO. Esq, Thornebrook I I. Suite I. petition. Plaintiffsvs l/k/a State Wid.Collection Corporation: 132.00 feel to a concrete monument:
2727 N.W. 43rd S.r.... Gainesville. Fla. DATED this 21st day of July 1989. CITY OF STARKE. FLORIDA; and ROYAL Whose residences are unknown. thence run West 330.00 feet to a concrete .
32606 on or b.for.August 24, 1989. and Ray NormanAs JOHNNY R. HOBBS. as Administrator ad APPLIANCES. INC.. a Florida corpora YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that an action monument; thence run South .
til. the original with the Clerk of this Clerk ol Court litem of the Estot of ERNEST MAY tion a/k/a ROYAL APPLIANCE MFG. to foreclose a mortgage on the 132.00 leet to the point of
Court, either before service on Wile's attorney Conlrol1415tchg GREEN a/k/a ERNEST GREEN. Deceased, CO.! following property In Bradford County. Contains on. acre more or less and being
or immediately th.reaft.r; otherwise 7127.8'2" ./ al. Defendants. Florida through under or against her port of South 132 f..t of the North II
a ludgm.nt will be entered to the Defendants. NOTICE OF ACTIONTO Whose Residences are unknown. half of the Southwest one.fourth ol the
r.lI.f demanded In the petition. NOTICE OF ACTIONTO : KIERT SUNDUSADEE and CRISANTAV. YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that on ac. Northwest on. fourth of Section 25.
WITNESS my hand and the seal of this NOTICE OF INTENTIONTO DEFENDANTS JOYCE GALLAGHER SUNDUSADEE. Residence Unknown tlon to foreclose a mortgage on the Township B South Rang. 22 East
court on the 3rd day of July 1989. REGISTER a/k/a JOYCE A. DOREMUS a/k/a JOYCE but who. last known residence was 25 following property In Bradford County at public sale, to the highest and best
GILBERT S. BROWN FICTITIOUS NAME GREEN; ROGER DALE GREEN; and all Esplrltu Street Marulas, Valenluela. Florida to wit: bidder for cash at the front door of the
A.Clerk of the Court PURSUANT TO SECTION 865.09 parties claiming Interests by through Metro Manilla Phllllplnes. Section 25. Township 5 South. Rang. Bradford County Courthouse. In Stark. .
YOU ARE NOTIFIED that an action to 22 East located In the South '/" of the SE Florida, at 11:00:
4tchg 7/20-8/10 Florida Statutes, notice is hereby given under or against said Defendants or a.m. on August 21,
foreclose a the 1/4 of the SW 1/4 and described as: 1989.
that the undersigned LEWIS M. ARR.
Control 130 ERNEST MAY GREEN deceased or his
Stork. following property In Bradford County. Commence at th* paint where the DATED THIS 31st day of July. 1989.
INGTON HI. 3. Box 461. Fl. Estate, or any and all parties having or Florida North ROW line ol a county graded road
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT. EIGHTH 32091. sole owner doing business under claiming any right, title or interest. the (which the South .dg. of the CLERK OF CIRCUIT COURT
lots 5. 6. 7. and Oaf Block 13. Original runs along ) By Carol Williams.Deputy .
the firm of t-BAR-A
JUDICIAL CIRCUIT. IN AND FOR BRAD name TRAILERS property hereinafter described. .. .
Town of Stark. except the East 105 feelthereol. SE 1/ of SW 1/4)) Intersects the Westerly
Rout 3, Box 472 Stark. Fl. 32091 intends Clerk
of 225 thence
ROW SR West along
Section 26 Township 6 South. : run HARRY M.
to said fictitious this action Plaintiff, J. D.
register name by ODOM
CASENO.:892I8CAIN : Rang. 22 East Bradford County. Florida ROW of graded rood to the point where for PlaintiffP.
RE: Th. Marriage of under the afordsold statute. JR.. and VERNIE PHILLIPS ODOM, his has been filed against ALBERT F. Intersects the East line of SE 1 lot SW Attorneys. O. Box :20448
ROYCE A. LEAVINS. Doted this 25th day of July 1989. In wife, against you seeking to foreclose a YOUNG. JR.. a/k/a FRANK YOUNG; The 1/4 for POB. From POll continue Westalong Tampa. Florida 33622.0448

Husband Bradford County. mortgage on the following-described Unknown Heirs, 01..... Grants ROW. 80 feel: run thence North ((813)) 266-8333 .
and "tpd 7127.8/17 property In Bradford County Florida Assignees.' Honors. Creditors, Trustees parallel to the East (In. of SE I 4 of SW Control.
SHANDY L. LEAVINS. Control 143 videlicet: or Other Claimants claiming by. 1/4. 250fet: run thence East, parallel .3-24
WI... THAT PART of East Half of Northwest through under or against ALBERT F. ROW. 80 feet: run thence South to ROW
AMENDED NOTICE OF SUIT IN THE CIRCUIT COURT FOR BRADFORD Quarter of Southeast Quarter of Section YOUNG. JR.. who Is not known to be 250 feet to POB.
NO PROPERTYTO COUNTY FLORIDA. Thirty-Six Township Five South Range dead or alive; BARNETT RECOVERY CORPORATION has been tiled against you and you are NOTICE OF INTENTIONTO
PROBATE DIVISIONFile Twenty-one East, which II.. North and required to a of written REGISTER
: ROYCE A. LEAVINS a Florida corporation l/k/a serv copy your
Residence Unknown. Number 88.96CPDI..I.lon Westerly of County Graded Road knownas d.f_.... If any to It. on the Plaintiff FICTITIOUS NAME
Primitive Baptist Church and Hilbron Pursuant to Section 865.09. Florida
YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that an action : 1.3975 attorney whose name and address Is':
for dissolution of marriage has been IN RE: ESTATE OF Springs Road as now located and lying STARKE Harry M. Hobbs, Esquire Statutes, notice Is hereby given that the
filed against and are required to HILDA BELLE MORRIS South and West of a Branch running Harry M. Hobbs P.A.P. undersigned. RUDOLPH THORNTON and
serve a you of your written you defenses, If Deceased. through said land being in the East Half CHURCH OF' GOD O. Box 20448 JOYCE M. THORNTON. 560 Glendale St..
of Northwest Quarter of Southeast Stork.. Fla. 32091,
to It, on the Petitioner/Wife's attorney NOTICE OF ADMINISTRATION Tampa. Florida 33622.0448and joint owner doing .
any who. name and address: Th* administration of the estate of Quarter of Section Thirty-Six TownshipFive 422N.SI.Clair.064-544S III.the original with the Clerk of the business under the firm name of THORN.
JOHNNY R. HOBBS JR. Hilda Bell Morris, deceased. File South Rang. Twenty-One East John Spratlin. Pastor above styled Court on or before August TON ASSOCIATES. 117.B South Thompson
R. Hobbs Jr.. P.A.P. Number 88-96-CP Is pending in the Circuit containing one acre, more or less. 22 1989; otherwise a Judgment may be St.. Stark. Fla. 32091. Intends to ,/
Johnny We invite to with
O. Draw.r 938 Court for Bradford County Florida. ALSO a 1957 Victoria mobile home, you worship vs entered against you for the relief register said fictitious name under the
Probate bearing ID 7794 and Title 8772579 Nurseryunder demanded In the Complaint Petition. aforesaid statute.
Starke. Florida 32091 Division the address of which is affixed said lands. permanently 8drool .... .... .. .. ........louts hand and or seal of said Dated this 10th day of 1989. InBradfoi n
and file the original with the Clerk of the Bradford County Courthouse, Starke, to "Morning Worship. .. .... . ... .... ...Itemi WITNESS My the d August r.
above-styled court on or before Augustt24 Florida 32091. Th. names and addresses YOU ARE REQUIRED to til your written .avsnirq_ .. .. .. .. .. .. ... 0 pit Court on July 19 1989. County o
1989: otherwise otudgement may beit of the personal representative and the defenses to this action with the Clerk -.,Yautlt .. ..::. .........Vf." ... peens / pet I 10,31Control

.*%cji./;!: '. .... i s .v.w i itr "..-.of the. Circuit Court In,and for Bradford;)' ... .. .. .. -,,0- . ,. Itt'
J .. II ,
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.I! Oflu'li: : J 'i; lIk ', s.
RA12ER'I I.-r Griffis & Sons ,
''"tNC't" ;. 'iNt: h _

BADCOCK CHIROPRACTIC Chiropractic CENTER Cure ....._ ptr..ILw .IBu4tio... Works i iAlIItatIr

rl' t r. WhenYouNL'CdltKim 1 0 ... "Home of the
FURNITURE l'Ul1 ri\'It\:':'! -- Stumpknocker

__a.on.uaa 473-7213 [ !....i26 boat"
& Jan Johnson _..It........ HWY301 N. M4r44 or964-5531
2M B 9 Ixwrmrt ptvd Key long t1"' tBlankenship's


Inc HOME of Starki

Chimney Sweep Management & Staff e Dignified Service Call 961-2322

Service f r rz Monuments or 961-2328
HWY 301 North ,
=McMoolgte 2 IS N. T.mpl.BranAreR
964-8278 964-7500 HWY 301 S. 964-5757

Store EZ Wheels Auto Sales ./ DURRANCE PUMP &, HURST'S EXXON

Eyeglass We Finance SUPPLY SERVICE

I "Your complete I Buy Here Pay Here Attend your church regularly "24 HR. WRECKER SERVICE"

eyeglass center" 1320 N. Temple Ave. ". 987 N. TEMPLE AV.

103 Edwards Rd: 964-8588 964-7783 884 N. Temple 964.7061 964.6111

OF HOME A caterpillar crawls along e branch. So unsightly and
useless Is he thai at best he is scorned M omit vartmiruled -

STARKE Dbrtnouftnexf FoIOver50. Cam"-Sen/fee Irs a fact, you can do Hwy'301 S.: '.O Box 207
rebuild starters alternators A grain ol sand,one ol/an Infinite numl>t We ,
Steve and Cindy Futch an oyster s shell, It Is coarse and hard worthless and un better at Denmark's SUrke
& Generators -
Auto Marina Cycle Batteries Stgrte 96442CD( And then,there ate people.They..restless a bn lonely 434 W. Call 964-5827 964-6871

N. Temple 964-7911 Keystone Heights 473-3176 sometimes, and apprehensive about the future 1 hey enter
AlI7 churches: and speak to God I
From the cocoon e garty-colored butterfly -_. Lamp .f J.*IM MInUtrU WARD
Andrews Drugs Community People paint pictures of I children try toclaim as their own. Craft At Consignment AUTO SALVAGE
-.... State Bank From the oyster. a pale. creamy pearl Is taken h ts Located off 100& toward
admired sold lor small fortune, Driwd.So. We> luy Junk SctVageable Con
Needs'356W.Madison of Stark.
For All Your Pharmacy .. tI Kmtone.. lake tight on 34th Ave.,
Home Owned .Cod changes the lowly caterpillar. and ninny clothes follow .lens. Hwy 301 3 Ml. N. of Stork
Starker Only the grain of sand.How much more can He change the tiers Ewe, 964-7109.
9654-7170 Ind.pendant Bank of those who ask II of Him! A1I Nature sate. q!"""'" 964-7345

.11 Q UI I...... Qfl4.7I1'tn God awaits you. Come meet Him In HIs house this

ORTON'S AUTO AND CHINA GARDEN Sunday Monday Tuesday Wadnssdry Thursday Fnday SakMaytssish .EPPS MOTORS ..NORTON TElKOMHUNttATttNS! .
Restaurant &: Lounge Ezekisl Zechanah Matocf. Matthew UaWiew Mary.
TRANSMISSION SERVICE .(. Mast tar ...-*! Pt.t.r :
Dally Lunch Buffet "21-2' 3 4 '.10 3 19tCOO: 2O.t.t. 131.31 Quality Used Cars ra..N.r
", m a auto *.
ee !
as eu..Jiioiw,ttundcf'go .. 1 Back ___ 964-8358 '
(964-6601) nor w.w .0 t es O.-r w -.:aeo..7180..u'i'i
528S.WOlnut---: 9644317 North aim 10 :


SALES SERVICE Horse Tack Western Wear STEAKHOUSE # :
US 301 N. Starke Complete fire Shop & Auto Fertilizer Seed a Farm Supplies From.II clue it Western Star '
964.6600 "Worship this week and every week Superior quality horrtM at US 301 South
at the church of your choice affordable prices' 3328 If. Temple Avenue "
J 24 H R Wrecker Service 402 N. Temple! HWY 301 N. 064-7871 964-8061 '
1018 N. Temple 964-6401 HWY 301 S. 994-M33
'CUstom made exhausts stems 964-6436 .) ''

FLORIDA NATIONAL NAPA AUTO PARTS Terwlll gar Motors, Inc. CROStEY N''v''' '):';,.,'
: IH 1 fJ

"All the right parts !in all the 206 W. Madison 301 CMMCsT
.. '
} Officers Directors & CORPORATION ',. .
right places" Starke 964-7200 ; Coatp\llArIaooI 1'hw/l&lOCf 1
Staff f 1RS W RmwnlessRd. 9646060Allen's SR 21 a Keystone HeIghts Mark Mullins & Employees 127 J:. Cd Bt. e 004X7410 :


M 'I'POStsmT.E I ',.
Office Supplies' AII l

and Printing Company .:.= Insurance: THIS FEATURE IS MADE BY THE ABOVE FIRMS ;.

-, Art Supplies Custom Framing 440 W: Madison WHO ARE 100% DIES FED IN THIS COMMUNTTTI

I Office Supplies/ (Wlm-Dlxie Shopping Center)
Printing 964-4693 I ; Jl 1 I i
'I113 E. Call St tM-8925 .
... I')
I c" !

'. I."


., '" ': '; :, "':. .Ii

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: : S,.ctiunSettn Klt\l( >l'IMIMMII M%' TKI: .K;(il/\l.>ll. "IIMIhANMVKUNAItY: AIX.UST III, nlll1!

I Girl Scouts in Area Strong in Tradition and Service I

Few records are avall.lhh'l the council and neighborhood. A
relating to Girl Scouts USA. inlliis I leader of all levels for 20 years (except
area prior to !!Jr.lI. despite ilu- Daisy, Carolyn has served on
organization being loumli-d in the Board of Directors, served on
Savannah in 1912 by Julictlr ioi-dun. most of the council committees 12
Low. years as a Day Camp Director a
In !1940! we found I Colsmi and trainer a past neighborhood chair-
Bess Burns! working will;i man and delegate chairman and
nothing until 1I54 when .Edith: currently serves as Cookie Coordinator -
Keimer's name appears. ,
Girl Scouting was riwlm.ilrd in In 1985 Laurie Mullins was
1957 under the guidance ol Pat Kaul recognized for her work with the
fman Spengler who worked bur. council. She has been a leader for 23
several years with three troop* .it years a staffer at Kateri and Neyati
one time (Director for the past few years)
Leaders during the next ten \t-ars and Smile Camp, served as a
were Betty Warren Lola i.ulcli; delegate to National and
Nelson Alvira DeVoe. JaikuK.:\\ neighborhood delegate. She currently -
ing Marion Hitch. Mrs t' It serves as events and cluster
Tillman. Mrs .'. K. DIIIIIl'V. Ju Dukes. Laurel Jockel. Ann VMulloii. ,- .- -
Elizabeth Givens Walker Jane' 1
Costello Barbara Casey I...nineMullms. FLORIDATWIN
Gerl Johns Ceil Ku-li.inN. Meet The Leaders...
Linda Stevens Carolyn ":a"'.. left to right backrow are I9SS 'leaden of BU and other guests at the Rave.Betsy Ileney Diane Moody.Peg Trimble.Joan Colton Mary Looney. THEATREStarke
Margie Pratt. Donna Uruen. Lucik. annual banquet.Joyce Sultan farmer neighborhood chairman). Bobbl Howell l-aurle MulUn.Cathy IllllUrd. 964-5451
Godwin. Ann Farabee Paula Caultlwell Nancy Webster Debbie Front row Dorene Davis LoAnn Dampier.Andrea Abr.....(BU chairman).
The First United Methodist Broome Sharon Brook(Held director: ).Sharon Brady. Judy Dukea. Pam Thrift. Open Every Night-
Church has continued to (;iirl I
Middle row; Bobble WcKuit (representing Cadette Troop:::!OJ.Carolyn
Scouting by allowing troops $2.50 SPECIALSat.
neighborhood meetings and I-M-III- The second highest award is The Michelle Robinson Lisa Tirrney. [ 5OO
popular Girl Scout Cookies. BU has for the handicap.The &: Sun. Showing
to utilize the church lal'lhl"u'<< '
churches organizations ;and in" proved to be great cookie sellers.A program emphasis on Gml.; | Silver Award. Previous recipients Nicole Johnson, Barbara Mosley. Tuesday Showing___)
recent favorite has been the County and Mankind has not changed include: Eyvette Covington Missy Tania McCloud LaTonya Tyson -
dividuals have at various I times
Bobbie Westcott-
neighborhood campout. All 200 plus rather the program hits h.'I'IIIIP- Davis Sarah Douglas Nadine STARTS FRIDAY, AUGUST 11thPICTURES
sponsored the scouts award
Prior to 1982 the
scouts from BU travels to Camp dated for the modern woman iirl Green Kim Hampton, Cathy Hep-
Since the late IHMls! ) Girl Sroulinu\ burn Melissa Rosalind Lennon was called First Class. Recipients
Kaleri or Camp Chowenwaw for a Scouts has all Hislop
now a
program iigcs\
in this area has remained .u-lixc were Judy Dukes Patty Mullins.An- '
Tina Moss,
weekend during the scout in became Lindsey
year Brownies a three ciir
> program
gradually growing in number and I drea Eaves Irene Waln\\right. tQJM : f5NEf
Angela Parrish Valarie Randolph
or fall to learn skills '
spring new get and a new levell'all.11ms/ \
expanding into the outlying|! ;area better acquainted, swim, hike. explore was offered to the kindergarten. KIM i Danielle Smith Sebrina Smith Catherine Schoenmg Joyce Wainwright HONE IT I
Bradford and Union '
counties\ ire Regina Snell Tawanda Tyson ,Betsy Yawn.Cheryl Furrow, s..uNK
play games make cralts MMg The highest award to bo iclmi\c l
considered neighborhood called Rosaland Melanie Wood
a Lennon
and eat eat eat. by a Girl Scout is called The (Cold Yulonda Tyson Julee Wise. Marian THE KIDS mo
BU. for all levels Dianne Wood
Troops continuewith l Lynne Johns.
Sutton Stephanie Dukes, //ehhle
Girls have earned
an average ol 25 leaders 'lor the and patches requiring many countless badges Green Award.and Two Theresa local Kicks scouts.mrncdThe ;N.nlinc; Tylizka Dana Adkms Yvonne Bobo Michelle Kimutis. Carmen Eaves: with TUMMY TABLESCREEN : mI
250 girls involved eachI'llI' Theresa Ricks.
Missy Price Mikki Becker, Kim
hours of learning and service. Thatis Gold. Senior Seoul DanielleSmith
Leaders are in training\ wish The highest award in adult
Lee. Kim Dukes Sarah Ixxmey.
perhaps what Girl Scouts do best is currently working on her
and/or remains The ThanksBadge.
troops working with scouting
camps Pamela Patterson Viva Kilev.
on a year round basis in a program. service Service proiects for BU Gold. Two local leaders have I I TWO I I
they feel well-rounded and \\III', received that award. In 198ut'arolyn
thwhile. Leaders now include Eaves was recognized by Gateway NOW SHOWING
former girl members Irom. ihi- Girl Scout Council lor her service 10Salazar's
neighborhood.Older We salute the
>o*H K n n M i
scouts have broadened t then
horizons after they were si'let'leil. lor LETHALN
Wider Opportunities to India Meico. :\
Center West III 'l'l'nI.'l'p.: DanceFall
GIRL SCOUTShave School of
Wyoming ( a 15.ODD) acre site
bordered by the Big Horn :National .'
Forest), Louisiana New Knuland ,
area and/or Europe. (
Troop trips lor Senior Troop. M> and Cadette Troop 520 nuludeil a i -- I.o] : ::::,.
trip to Our Cabana Moxico.! .1 tripto Start j
Washington D. C. and KmkuuodNational )
The Bradford Education Association 5thRegistration
Center. a trip to ranged from cleaning up roadways Sept.
Tallahassee shelling on SainhH and streets encouraging voter 301 DRIVE-IN
Island or Cumberland ;National; I participation, tray favors (lor f CongratulatesThe 964-7484
Seashore or Long Boat Ke or hospitals and
> nursing homes annual I 2124 !
visiting the World's Fair I laical Caroling at nursing home and to Bradford County Telegraphon / II 3:3 Fri. Sat. & Sun
troops have traveled to Savannah to shut-ins painting fire hydrants parties : i It 5:00 |

been learn to more the mountains about their camped henlane.., hiked children at public adopting library grandparents for younger its ,./r.',),J l"I.- ", I!A 'd.. "D' '.:'c:',..;' ., IKJAD HOUSE

swam canoed and enjoved most worked with children's booth at !, '. ij'' z ';" 1::rap', i:
of Florida's tourist attractions 'I'he.v Starke Festival of the Arts servedas 110th Anniversary IssueAdv. .. ., :..: '.' -' ",-- PATRICK SWAYZE 13)
have toured museums attended cnn water girls for Fun Run collected
certs and miles of hhoppmu clothing lor Salvation Army .ind eAt ,Old<< Armory Across from BHS Admission *
Most of the above was made. possible food lor less fortunate, planted trees ;-. ""CALL 964.6792 or 964-7098 J ::
by scouts selling the ever and served as staff for Smile Camp Adults.m,........,.,.fw,,_ 99c

'Dorothy Salazar Children .................... sac


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.. NowllELECTION!!
--- -- --
I Pumping At Neyatl "REELECT"Jimmy j
TheM Odette Ctrl Scout wash their band at the primitive Camp Neytti
during the day camp: this ummer.
Left to right Erin Brady 13.Jackie Caruxun 12. Nlckl Moody 14.UM I. R. E. Biggs. Mayor-Commissioner of the City of Starke, R.
Howell 13. Florida by virtue of the authority vested In me by law do Epps

hereby call for a First Primary Election to be held at the City

' NOW OPEN Hall In the aforesaid City of qualified votors on Tuesday. CHIEF OF POLICE
at September 12 1989. A.D., for the purpose of electing the
following officers: .


-I1'f 'PttJl.P1 .



I t
:fE/ I
ALTERNATES:n t ,, ;j,; j" .. '
Little .7 J PLzza!r <>' .'
Two great pizzasJJ: ..One low price: ,ELISE G. PASS RUBY HOWELL '." '.'
,..................-..-.-..-,..-.-....................... "


$4 -322 : Two individual sized plizas" : t "The Choice"I
I plus tax : or slices for one low price : In Testimony whereof. I hereunto subscribe my name and People's
" 4 1 ,j Valid valid only with with any coupon.other offer Not $4 fi2 :. cause the Seal of the Town to be hereunto affixed this 11th

One with 10 toppings. : I plus tax : day of July. 1989, A.D. CARE ABOUT STARKE

a One with up to 2 toppings : Valid don ,with coupon. Not 20 :
: .-40 any other Oder ; : RE. BIGGSMayerCommissioner:
t7'Ra i 0/34/M .T1 : EXHRESc!: a/24/89 Tat, I S

i little Caesars r 'Litt c 11"5S 'i -*-i/.. AfTEST city Clerk Ned I.. Tucker N.pal..bjtfpfCmmrfts*to tint ri r

a...s.a. ............ .-.......... ... .......... i
1i i

... .

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.. ... ....
".u. "" i. j" '<.....,.,,__.==," ._'w......AUGUST.. .__......... ._, 1>.18'_ BRADFORD COUNTY TELEGRAPH. 10th ANNIVERSARY PAGE NINE SrrHmiKi-vrii

.. Editorially Speaking :

:'("i"i ;

J)' :' In Reply to. UC For "
.., .. "Taking a Ride?
."I, .." ii

This is in response to an article cle it stated that we took In$2,462.16per must work these extra hours, not for
written by you in last week's paper month from billing and $6,500 time and a half but for less than their
titled "UCAS Taking UC For A from DOC for a total of $8,962.16. regular wage. This past schedule
.J.. :.;' ( UL :l'i; (..: f. Ride?". What this editor failed to mentionwas period some worked 136 hours over
L_.._____ ;::';; i,." Not taking into account the very that last year's expenses their 56 hour week. They were not
"" ''Y''''''' ... I unprofessional: "editorial" of
averaged $8,342.33 or $100,108
n*BBB MnMnBpjUCHS 'Ii' c'!". type year- paid over-time but were paid what is
reporting, the article was not well ly. This shows only a profit of about called "call-time" which is $5 an
Freshman Orientation Set Aug. 17 First BaptistTo researched and many discrepanciesare $619.83 monthly.This money was put hour. This is also the rate that the
Union County High School will found in it. We would like the into a money market interest bear- part-time or "call-time" people are
have an orientation meeting for In. with the guidance department Hold VBS citizens to hear the whole truth and ing account,where it is to be used in paid No person is paid twice for the
coming freshmen Thursday, August Tours of the school and Lake Butler First Baptist Church not Just a one-sided editorial. conjunction with state matching same hour worked, from any
17, from 9 to 11 a.m., in the Union refreshments will be included. will have their Vacation Bible School There are 3 sources of income to grants to purchase and replace old source 1
Attendance is not mandatory but fund Union County Emergency rescue units and equipment.In It should be
County High School recognized that in
Auditorium. August 14-18 from 6:30: to 8:30:
the information p.m.
Mrs.Boyd,principal at UCHS,will would make the first each evening. Medical Services. They are 1) fees comparing the expenses of order to have two people on 24 hoursa
be conducting the orientation along day of school much simpler for the There will be classes for all ages for service rendered. 2)) the state other counties that operate a similar day you must have 6 full-time peapie
and transportation to and from the prison contract and 3) the Special size service we can find that Baker working extra or using part-time
church will be provided if needed. Assessment.The County's annual EMS budget is people or both. We use both, no
You call the church office at first of these Is derived from $260,000 paid totally by the tax- "double-dipping" Is taking place.
Baby ShoeBRONZING 496-3704 may for more Information or to the billing for those items and ser- payers. Bradford's proposed budgetis The coverage of six positions with 4
transportation. vices rendered to our patients. Last 318000. Whereas Union County'scost people Is difficult alone,but to figure
arrange The commencement service will year we collected $26,196 with the by taxes is only $108,000. How sick leave, vacation and having to
SALE! be Sunday night at 7 during the majority of that being paid by the Insurance can the editor say that the Service is call them in on what few hours they
service.p.m.Make companies. All fees for taking the county for a ride? It is do get off is even more difficult still.
evening to worship attend your these services are approved and providing one of the most cost effec- It takes personnel willing to work
now. regulated by the Board of County tive systems in the state. unbelievable hours for less than
2500O Commissioners. It should also be In comparing the salaries of regular wages and be available to be
noted that they are among the lowestin paramedics in the surrounding counties called most hours of the day,or even
Class of ReunionIt
59 the state. the editor was again mistaken. if off duty.
has been 30 yean since the Classof The second source deals with the What she failed to understand first is
'59 graduated from Union County contract with the Department of that all services work on the 24 houron The final issue; although most of
FF DURING High School. A committee of class Corrections. This contract Is for us 48 hour off system. Which as the article dealth with misInformation -
AUGUST members got together and has plan- to provide emergency medical ser previously stated is a 56 hour work in a slighted tone, it is f.
vices to RMC and UCI. This true that the Service makes
ned a reunion for money week. This means in other counties purchases ,
ONLY Saturday, August
Is used to for the operational in Jacksonville. Some of the
pay expenses that each paramedic gets on
12 at 7:00pm at"The Loop'1 down by
and to allow the Service to purchases are at the Sam's
Style 51 Unmounted the lake in Lake Butler.The reunion average 16 hours of over-time at
Shoe Bright Bronze will begin at 00pm: dinner will be place money in savings to purchase time and half every weekl! In addi- wholesale Club,and at Office Depot.
NOW served and replace Rescue Units. This tion the hourly figures were Incor- These purchases are made at significant
ONLY S14'b at 8:00pm and a programfull would otherwise have to come from rect according to the Directors of savings and without any travel
( of fun and entertainment will
the and other This is because the Director
county money. each of the counties listed. The cor- expense.
Reg. $19.95 follow. The final is the travels to Jacksonville
source Special rect salaries are as follows: weekly to
Now is the time Church Assessment.This began in 1987 after Alachua: $6.09 to$8.28,which comes church choir practice. He does this
to save on bronzing Of Christ the federal funds that were suppor- to $20,345.47 to $27,661.82 per year on his own time, and at his own ex-
baby's precious shoes. With Vacation Bible ting the Service were cut, and the with the automatic 16 hour overtime. pense. That is why they are not accounted
every adorable scuff and crease county had no way of replacing it. Bradford: average wage is $6.25 or for, as charged by the
preserved In solid metal. SchoolThe This assessment is supposed to $20,880. Baker: starts Paramedicsat Times.
they make priceless for Lake Butler Church of Christ generate approximately $108,000 $6.50 or 21715.20 yearly. It should We want the good people of Union
gifts your that meets at 435 N.W. 2nd Street yearly. This money is used to pay also be noted that the Services' County,the people we strive to serve
family to cherish through the years. will be conducting a 3-day Vacation the 4 full-time\ paramedics. Three of Paramedics have many ad- in the very best manner possible. to
Bible School, Monday thru Wednes- these work shifts of 24 hours on and minstrative duties and command know the facts not the half truthand .
day, August 14-16, from 7 to 9 p.m. 48 hours off, for approximately a 56 duties that in Baker and Alachua untruth. We can only hope >Ii h, i
& each evening.The \ hour week. The fourth person, the Counties receive salaries from the press will in the future xho'
.. theme will be "Jesus Called Director works 5 days a week, 12 $25,499 to 37966. some responsibility with the power
Them One By One". There will be hours a day for a 54 hour week. The It would also bear mentioning that they have to portray the truth.
Sly II31 article stated these were and compared the Paramedics for Union County
SI/a 62 0.01 Styll 45 Portrait Stud classes held for all ages.The adult/-
W'nuIP.p.'QIII Bright' Bionic M.MIW,. (MID 1.10 Frame) teen class will deal with the subject them to 40 hour weeks. work many hours over their 24 hour Submitted by the Union County Am
10'1"' &aN shifts. Because of the need bulonc S.rvlc. Wilton Director
Also in the"well researched"arti they J.rry
NOW $23.21 NOW $629$21 "Jesus Calls Us To Individual
Rig WO: 95 Rtg $ R 80. $70.95( $53.21 Responsibility".
8PlCIAL-Beb nanw. blrtbd t.engraved-only:J0. per MtM AH are invited to come and share Editorially Speaking :
this time of study and fellowship.Meeting .
Many of your favorite
mementos can be bronzed.
L Boots of all sizes and ballet
slippers are also available at A meeting of the FLORIDA'S
All styles' In Bright Bronze Antique Bronze. "P.wt.r", Sliver ING COMMITTEE,whose members
Gold and Porcelainiza at SALE PRICES-25 OFF! include Susanne Casey Oscar Harris is a reply to an article in the misleading, she did not bother to ob- suitable for an objective review. The
SALE ENDS AUGUST 31 ,John Hewett,Lawrence Hughes, Union County Times on August 3, tain time-sheets or schedules to last ad for paramedics I remember
Betty Hurst and Jon Pritchett will be titled "UCAS taking UC for a substatiate her many unfounded seeing was In Alachua Co.for$22KM(
104 W. Call 1II\ (1 9 4.7271'JeweJrrC&Girt A held on Thursday, August 10 at the Ride?".From the very first words of claims. Had she acted prudently and to $27,000. ( To use a quote of the
StarkeDOWNHOME rL\17\T' High Springs City Hall, U.S. this article I began to be very done actual reportive investigationthere editor, "not bad"). i
St.c Highway 27, High Springs Florida. disturbed by it's tone and very ap- may have been no article.
The last item deals with indications
The meeting .will be begin at parent one-sidedness. This piece in Salaries indicated paid to the 4 full

np a Gall' rXtrly us v-rq t l..?.i Y rr+. J1.J ",:.. J..rJ_..__........_....//I.Q: WSyJepi even::$truthful CplR.rlisDw ble, To or comparison.time employees Comparing are in a Experienced misleading- slighted, through statements the use that of UCAS many is
be to inexperienced positions and overcharging! overspending and be-
MeetingThe totally honest it reads like a vindictive
editorial making attempts positions that have many additional ing over paid.. The citizens should
Suwannee River Water to misconstrue many generaland responsibility than your average attending know who is taking them for a ride
Management District's governing generic and non-specific very mon paramedic. Union County's and it's not the ambulance service
board will meet on Thursday, thly reports. Medic s do not just perform the it's the Union County Times. I know
August 17. 9:30am at district head "street"work but also must functionas that UCAS's rates are among the --
quarters In Live Oak.Surface Water the administrators, the trainers, lowest in the area I No where was
Improvement and ManagementSWIM This is a personal editorial the plan writers and much more. there an attempt to show or justify
( ) plan revisions on programsthat disguised as news. It indicates just Those in your comparison do not. how the funds are used even though
were approved and adopted last how poor the news quality is in The editor gave 40. hour figures, this information is also in the county
year will be presented.The public Is Union County. It is certainly the these men and women work 56 hour report. Like how much was spent on
invited to attend lowest I have ever seen and certainly weeks, and due to the need must medical supplies, medical equip-
teat s4o( ; a joke among real newspapers.My work additional 12 hour shifts on ment, billing cost,licenses, training,
personal knowledge of the their off days without overtime,only vehicle maintenance, or the expen- .
4-II Foundation Issues within the article may be $5.00 an hour. sive task of purchasing$40,000! units._ -'
limited but the intent of the wordsare The director in Baker County,
AuctionSet very plain.No facts were offeredon which has the same number of! strongly believe in and stand tor
how and why they were actually transport units makes over $30,000, the Constitution and the right to
Friday.Auc.1.. 6:30 paid. I have enough faith in our Union's makes only $24 000.00 He have a free press. But I also believein
p.m. at Lakeside County Commission to recognizeany must also function as the County God,and Make this prayer: "God
Community Center m misuse or wrong doing on behalfof Emergency Preparedness and help the press In Union County and
Lake Butler. Donation- these dedicated employees of Disaster Director without any fur- those unfortunate" to fall into their
496-3331. Union County. ther compensation.If disfavor.
COUNTRY Slipper Include chicken This so-called editor used only the salaries given for com- Seeking Truth,
and rice with all fhln's. payroll totals which can be esily parison are true, they are not at all Nellie H. Lane

Doa't Mfrs hJ
PLATTER . . '. ". . ,-.-,-.-.-.-.-. . -

With our new cx>untry-recipe Union Countlans Invited!

cxMTunealbreadeafish.Ccrunttyrecipe HELP SAVE OURCHILDREN to a reception for Eugene L. Matthews at the

1 KOA banquet room on US-301 Starke, Friday

Au> 11.7i30-9:30 p.m.
and to a barbecue chicken dinner and street dance

complete with entertainment and prizes on

The Hour of Deliverance Saturday Aug. 12.on Call St. at the Tclecraphbellaalal

at 6 p.m.

Church is sponsoring their . . . . . . . .

first annual


S l"O'l12CO

festival featuring Dr. Ramadanas 4

a speaker. Also introducing' 5 END OF SUMMER'

a>I1UI1 bltaedhr ,
garden green beans fresh CLEANIN' UP SALE

coleslaw fried ola'a hush Regina Parrish as their

puppies, tartar sauce anda $3.89 speaker. Other churches and STOREWIDE CLEARANCEsale

big onion slice. organizations will participate. ( effective Aug 10th thru Aug 19))

Lots of food and fun. Gospel o Silk Accents For Your Home
; 4'0\
: -q Cemetary and Church Vases

CaptainDk music. Lock up or dunk your Country Items &- Accents

; avprite"person., Kids can enjoy: VO .... Gift Items ..

Seafood Kim' & Moonwalk.
Kathy's I
't Antique Table & Choirs ;

'..' A We U..100( %Cholesterol c;O-Ae.and ',
Free Vegetable Shortening Furniture
&s Primitive
Please and support the. ,
come p

WEDNESDAY SPECIAL- TUESDAY SPECIAL future of our Drug Free Schools Special Reduced Table -Lots of Special 1O. *: Up.

ALA Fish Dinner 2-Kece Fish Dinner 19 12
on .Saturday, August at ss2Lo(2Ys FO'Wtc

; Q\Iy $4.29 $229 Noon. at. Lake Butler Lakeside (next to Lake Bulter Farm Center)

.Park. AFTER SALE. We win close until Aug. 22

s Try Our Lighfen'Up* Salads ,,, "A New Look is Coming

", 'Il<:', .'

., ', ,.,.a(
l' '.. .. : t' .'

__ -. ,
1 wu--- IJ ririisuIuj"r-- i-r .-w -r,1 -


Farmers Market Manager

by-Marcia GoodgeBCT grew and stored sweet potatoes as a mjor part of the
diet. "Every farmer had a patch or spot to grow
Staff Writer sweet potatoes and a potato bank," he says, "The
"The Bradford County area was founded and existed bank was cared for and eaten out of until summer." ails d. 1 1a
on agriculture, mainly family farms," says J.f t. A potato bank was made out of wooden slabs from
Wainwright, long-time farmer and retired managerof the sawmill, set in a teepee shape and elevated off
the Starke Farmers Market. "There were no plan. the ground. It was packed with pine straw and dirt to r
tations here as I recall, and few large farms. Most keep the potatoes from freezing and to keep out the
farms averaged about 40 acres, large enough to provide wet. "My own potato bank was ISO-feet long. You
everything a family needed to live." couldn't stand up In it, but you could stoop. We raiseda
Agriculture has been a major concern of this area lot of sweet potatoes and sold a lot of sweet
of Florida for many years. Wainwright was born In potatoes at 50 cents per bushel," says Wainwright.
Starke in 1914, in the same house he lives In today o n I Cane syrup went for 50 cents per gallon and 10
the corner of Clark and Jackson Streets. His recollections :-
of agriculture in this area start in the 1920's cents would buy a pound of cured bacon and 15 cents
while he was still a boy. would buy a pound of smoked ham.
His history in agriculture has been long and varied I, Wainwright remembered that citrus used to be important .1
ever since he was a boy. In about 1926, Wainwright to the area. He said there was a grove of Sat-
and his friends would skip school in the mornings to suma oranges near Heilbron Springs that was owned
meet the train at the depot. The conductor would let by Frank Morgan and stretched for 50 acres. It was
them on the cars to sell strawberries to the snipped out of Starke by the railroad carload. Some
passengers They would return after school in the sugar cane was also shipped north for the purpose of
Ifternoon to sell strawberries to the evening train chewing.Some .
passengers. farmers in the area swapped eggs, sweet

._ ._ _n__, .,, _. ..___

(Top) Strawberries were

(Bottom) Corn was one. of

J.R. Wainwright Is a F

long-time farmer and -. ";.::

manager of the Starke

Farmer's :Market. lie

was also :Mayor of
Starke r

y } I

-. .. '
-- --

Cotton Gin in Downtown potatoes, meat and chickens for staple goods. I+
''I remembercured in the late 20's and in the 30 s receiving IM
Starke in 1920'sHe six cents per pound for dressed porkers with the
recalls the importance of cotton as a major heads off/ doctors and preacherswere
crop of the area. "The nearest cotton gin was one paid in foodstuffs because money was short."
and a half blocks from here ('here' is corner of Clark
and Jackson behind the Florida National Bank). Going Out on the Town

:Most boys my age were very curious and we wouldgo Meant Nit..h IT:- '1.-::, "'_ .?,
to the to watch the cotton in. It ?
gin come came
Most farmers came to Starke
mostly by mule and wagon, or ox carts, though there on Saturday morningor
Saturday afternoon to buy This
supplies. meant a
Model T trucks he
were some people using says.
trip by horse and or mule and
wagon wagon mostly,
After the farmers brought in the cotton, it was ginned
though there were some Model T and trucks
i seeds removed) and baled and then shipped out.
the road. There were no roads
paved or graded in the
It left the loaded boxcars mule
mainly by or
gin ,
county at this time and a ride into town was often
says: Wainwright slow and bumpy. The railroad the real
was only
While cotton was the major crop in the area, it was
means of transportation to other cities.
customary for merchants to "carry" farmers, Wain. "In Starke all the action took place down at the Refrigerated Trucking
wright says The farmer would buy his goods on train depot. For enjoyment when Begins in 1935In
on Sundays, or we
credit until the cotton came in and then he
crop had time, we'd go down to see who got on and who 1935 AI Hartman began installing
would pay all his bills until next season. "I have been "
got off, says Wainwright. The county had units trucks. With the of
told that this is why taxes are collected at the beginning on help
of November," he says, "due to the fact that this telephones, but most important messages were still they built what may have been the first rwtRM't
sent by telegraph.
was the only time the majority of the people had any .. trucks in the United States.
money y They designed an ice bunker with a fan
Then the boll weevil made its way through this part Depression Felt Only ."-"* ./- -a.-..- ,,-. 'the cold ir*.d.k ap.Uie produ..._It!.. "/ ) ; / : ..111

of the country and slowly, but surely devastated the Indirectly in Starke... vent of refrigerated trucking, movement
cotton crop in this area. Wainwright says 1930 is the Jacksonville for shipping in refrigerated
The Great Depression of 1929 didn't hit Starke
as almost stopped.
last he
year recalls any cotton being ginned in Brad-
ford County. hard as it did other places, at least not directly, says "Things went pretty well from then on.
Wainwright. The families of the area grew their own not a lot of money in the area, but
Two Types of Farmers... food and didn't deal too much with cash. However, to eat," Wainwright says. I
the Depression might have indirectly contributed to President Roosevelt started his welfare i
He says there were two types of farmers in the the first big economic disaster (other than failing about this time and that helped
county in those days. "Around Brooker, New River crops) which hit Bradford County with the closing of modities, staple and dry goods, and shoes
and Highland there were peanuts, corn, beans, sugar the Bradford County Bank in 1930. ped in by the carload and distributed by
cane, sweet potatoes, cotton and other crops. Around "We had a bad crop year and almost all the Cross. (Wainwright's mother was the
Starke Lawtey and Hampton, there were more farmers had to borrow money and then couldn't pay
vegetable crops, but farming was diversified it back," he says. After the destruction of the cotton
everywhere in the county," says Wainwright crop in the 20's, merchants had stopped "carrying" '

farmers. With cotton gone, agriculture wasn't viewedas Tornadoes Set I
Railroad Important...
such a sure thing as it had once been.
He says that agriculture used to be centered Farmers had to borrow money from the bank for
around the railroad since the railroad was the only supplies and then pay it back when the crops came Work for the 1989 football season, ;
way available to transport crops. Packing houses in. When the crops failed, the farmers had no money just four weeks away, begins Tues-
grew up all along the tracks and vegetables were to pay the bank, particularly with the Depression day, Aug. 15, when a fine bunch of ; ;
brought in to the packing houses and packed for shipment making money even shorter than it was. With no Bradford High athletes are scheduled ;
to northern markets. Perishable crops were federal insurance such as protects our money in to meet at 9 a.m. at the field ;
also shipped by refrigerated steamship from banks today, the bank was forced to close. house.

Jacksonville three times a week to Baltimore, "We face a very tough schedule,
Philadelphia and New York 1931 A Banner Year... probably the toughest we've had in a
Strawberries were an important crop as early as Things turned around quickly, however, and 1931 long time,"says veteran head coach ;
the 1890's. They were planted in Starke, Lawtey, was a banner) year for strawberries and other cropsin David Hurse. "Even though we'll
Hampton and as far west as Raiford. A lot of the county. There was an overabundance of labor, have a better ball club than last
vegetables were grown for shipment, few were sold farm hands were easy to hire and economical to pay. year, we have to work hard and be
locally because most local people had their own There was no manufacturing in the area at the lucky to have a better record."
vegetable gardens time and the only source of employment foe laborerswas BHS was 9-1 in 1988, losing 2-0 on a
agriculture. "This is one of the reasons safety to Santa Fe High in the final :
Livestock, Sugar Cane, strawberries were so successful then," says Wain- game of the season which determined -
Sweet Potatoes... wright, "Strawberries required a lot of labor, and the District 5-3A championship.
J Livestock were always important to the livelihoodof laborers were plentiful then." The 1987 record was 5-5.
the farm family. Livestock were run on open range There were a lot of turpentine stills and a few The junior varsity is to report at 9
with hogs and cows grazing at will until they were sawmills in the area which also hired laborers, but a.m. Thursday, Aug. 17.
confined and fattened for slaughter. "Every farmer agriculture was still the main employment of blue
had a smokehouse in those days and smoked and collar workers. 2 New Coaches...
cured their own meat," says Wainwright. For the first time in about 15yearsi
Almost every firmer had his own cane mill to From High to Low the grid season will start with
grind sugar cane and a sugar kettle to boil the juicein 1932 Saw Major Drought coaching staff. Two new
I to make cane syrup. "One of the biggest blows to agriculture in the area coaches have been added: '
The average family farm in Bradford County also was the drought of 1932.There was no water Coach Jerry Kaminski,35,will be
available for Irrigation at that time. "I remember assistant offensive coach.
Titus Olson came to the area selling Delco light Specifically, he will coach the
Noting. plants and water pumps," he says. wideouts and tight ends, and help ,
There was a lot of local well drilling at the time, coordinate the backs into the pass-:
with wells being shallow, only about 50-60 feet, says ing game. Kamlskl,who coached the
Family Reunion... Wainwright.At defensive backs at Bradford High in
The Crosby Family Reunion is this time Starke had telephones, telegraph and 1985 has been defensive coordinatorat ;
set for Sunday, Aug. 20 at the Brad- electricity, but little private motor transportation.Few class 5A Spruce Creek for the past
Starke had these
other than things
ford County Fairgrounds. Business areas three years.
meeting will begin at 11:30 a.m. although Lawtey had lights.In Coach Harvey Lofton, 49, will
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated as
Lunch set for 12:15 coach in the junior varsity programat ;
For more information call AlbertAl President of the United States and he declared a BHS. Lofton, who lives at Penny ,
( ) Crosby at 964-5074. moratorium on banks (banks were declared legally Farms, has been head coach at Clay.
exempt from paying their obligations for a certain High and Fernandina High. He hasbeen" ; ,
Job Corps... period of time.) So many banks had failed that the out of coaching the past few K :
Young men and women ages 16 country could no longer operate without a stable

21, think about joining the Job .banking economy. *
Corps. Free job training, selfpacedGED The Bank of Starke also closed at this time and the' -
in financial crises. Some farmers were
program, learn a skill and area was a
earn money while you learn. For able to get help from the Farmers and Dealers Bank
more information, contact Irene Butler, the only bank in the area to survive j
Pearce Johnson at Job Service of this! economic disaster, but even F&D was having to 1
Florida, 1430 S. First St., Lake City run a tight ship during these lean years.
FL or call (904) 758-0433.. "The banks in Lawtey, Hampton, Raiford and
Starke didn't weather the storm' nor did hundreds or I i
Craft Show. thousands of banks nationwide says Wainwright,
Mld'dleburg ..
1 "Things were very bleak for a number of years in
1 I There !U still time to reserve arts this area."

,, andcrafu, booth for this year's 1
Historic! Middleburg Festival
for Saturday, Oct. 21. Trucking Firm
Demonstration of period crafts, Helped Out Area .
historic exhibits, live entertainmentand One thing that helped things pick up was that a Mr.
a reenactment of the Battle ofBrannlJ1& Miller came into the area operating a fleet of trucks
'. Bridge are planned for ?. twvf
to transport strawberries up north. Trucks got the
the day. fragile fruit to northern markets much faster than .,
For more Information on reserve railroad. '
I ing craft booth space, call This 'N .". bad the experience to make a trip to New York Meet the Ga-tors. ;
That Boutique at 282-8983. For additional City in 1934 as a truck driver's helper says Wainwright -
Information call Roberta. Two local men who drove for Miller were B.B. 11M Colon, ,.... Wt C.rtstat..tLs .. .w)! . 282-9802. i. Barley and Alton Boles. Whitehead: .... M1k.8tlatttaas,.u-Msrekswr..Jest ,Ll.dasr, u.da. t3h.ftidL


-.Ir.. <-::':'-':";' .\1'""" .... .- ;, .. .::. '.._ '. ..: .. ____-_-.::: ': .4t... .........: ..... .... .. -.- !" -. :
;; ; T rR : ,... .... "' -.

.'" t'\

1t.-- fo."t<"MIJIII........,
r r f "

> 1



Wainwright Recalls Agriculture Advances. .

from Page ]O, Sect. 7 ''

with. I don't think many farmers could exist today ,
relying on the old methods,"he says. J

Late 30's Saw rtr

Recovery Under Way r .
1937.38 saw things beginning to look
brighter. A recovery was under- I
we yThemCivilian Conservrvat programs 0 '
: = atlonwcorps (CCC)was one of the greatest
tbin '
afire sail evidence "Some of the good
did In today," as addition courthouse :
and an to the d' '
building the health department under the supervision of Dr
W.E. Mlddieton (Dr. Parks and Dr. in
Biggs were the other two doctors
the area at the time, and Dr.Brown in Lawtey.) :
In 1938, under the supervision| of Commissioner of Agriculture 0 Cr
Nathan Mayo, a ft'ft,8716111 of farmers markets was started for the
purpose together to sell heir
crops so larger .
supplies would draw more buyers. lwJJ1

Farmers Market Built...

The Works "Admtatotratlon (WPA) build the Starke t "
Farmers Market in 19384o44oo, essof >< farmers had raised jE i.
enough money to buy a lanwhere the Bradford County Fair ,
Grounds are now to donate to tbe state for this purpose. Local mer- : ? '
chant F.F. Stump (founder of
In this movement."BY"tbis Stump's Department Store) was a leader >er f' a

time agriculture in the county was moving fairly well up-
ward, laYS Wamwright. Fordhook lima beans were 1n major p'roduc,
tion with hundreds of thousands of bushels leaving the area daily. J w. ,' n.,

t '.,
Refrigerated Trucks ..............--.. n_
Vast 0 : '-

local people! bought their own refrigerated trucks to move produce Historical type dwelling often seen In rural Bradford County In olden day*. "I
and hired drivers. the trucks replaced the railroads because they
were faster and more reliable. "We called the route north to market
the 'milk route says Wainwright. Farming has continued to decline in the area for a
Before the advent of the refrigerated truck, all of a farmer's crop reasons, as well, says Wainwright. Few young people
was loaded !into rail cars for shipping to one destination. With a regular farming these days, with other jobs available. The ease
milk route" farmers with refrigerated trucks could sell portions of vegetables can be bought from supermarkets caused a
their crop in different places and make money even if the volume numbers of farmers growing freezer vegetables. Association.'J.
buyers were not available.
Refrigerated trucks became so common that the noise made Blueberries On Rise?...
while running overnight (to cool off the truck and get it ready for Blueberries may be an important crop in the county in
loading) caused so many local people to lose sleep that an ordinance says Wainwright,who helped organize and now
was passed forbidding the trucks to be left running overnight within the and area growers into the Michigan Blueberry Growers
city limits.
Technology began helping improve agriculture with more than just
refirgerated trucks.Tractors came in around the mid 40's. Before the 'Ivyj
tractor, there were three mule barns in Starke (late ZO's. early 30's)
one located across from the old courthouse where Terwillegar Motors iS
is today, one located where Western Auto is today and one on Call
Street next to where the Florida Theatre is today. There also used to be S. J J S JJ
a horse trough at each end of Call Street for watering horses.


War Slowed FarmingWorld

War II came on and agriculture in the area slowed with so
many farmers and farm laborers being called into service. A lot of tfc.
farm labor also went to work at Camp Blanding at prices farmers
couldn't match.
"At that time a carpenter or skilled worker could earn $1 per hour,
on the farm, he could only earn$1.50 per day," says Wainwright, "A
lot of manpower left the farm for a more lucrative position."
After the war, agriculture Improved once more, but was nothing CASH
compared to prewar days, says Wainwright.Most p Up p i S e
farmers In the area during these days had 5-10 acres in produc- V e t S TO f OO I I I
tion. "Farms weren't big after the war, but then we never had really I
big farms in this area. A big farm here was 20 acres in other areas, EC QUEEN SIZE
big farms are 2,000 acres," says Wainwright.From ORTHO SUPREME
the 30's into the 50's agriculture grew steadily although still BEDDING SETS!
handicapped by the shortage of labor. In the early 50 s Wainwright
served as mayor of Starke and was instrumental in getting a state DINETTE $2 CHANNEL
grant to build a railroad siding at the Farmers Market in Starke. In the NOOVEgm SET S/ BLACK MAgETSI
late 50's Wainwright was asked to take over the job as manager of the COLOR aI.
Farmers Market. He had always farmed and had begun farming on a VACUUMS! I
larger scale Just prior to being asked to-manage he market. ,. I..

Wainwright Managed 111
Farmers Market ,

While managing the Farmers Market Wainwright was instrumentalin p __ U _
the decision to stop selling strawberries in the 24-pint wooden cratesof _
old days, and start selling them in the 12-pint flats used today.As _
manager of the market,he was able to secure new buyers who DA
would advance money to farmers so that they could produce the crops
the buyers wanted, generally strawberries. After great deal of hard
work, local farmers built strawberry production back up to prewar I
"At one time over a two hour period in 1962, I auctioned 120 loads of SPECIAL LIVINGROOM BUY!. ,
strawberries for growers," says Wainwright.In .
1962 Wainwright left the market to pursue his own interests,and i
continues to be active in agriculture even today. He had been a patronof .. FASHIONABLE BRASS, GLASS & WOOD '
the market since 1939. DINETTE TABLE or 4 SIDE CHAIRS
Migrant Labor EACH ONLY

Not the AnswerThe
decline in the availability of economical labor was the key to the i$78-
decline in agriculture In this area, says Wainwright. "We tried to get in
but federal restrictions made it too hard for local YOUR CHOICEI
farmers laborers had to have living quarters almost equal to a

major hotel and with our short growing season, we just couldn't standto ..W M..IIr..MO w.. e, .
lay out that kind of money for such short periods of time," he says. ... e w... .r, Ca.. e.ok..
Agriculture continued to decline through the 60's says Wainwright ca.n.n .n an M.rMW.O
although during the 60's the advent of airfreight out of the terminal In SAVE X223'ru.
Jacksonville to leading northern cities helped some. At that time, air- ....
freight cost only a little more than refrigerated trucks. YwDtJRLDWE31.r

Final Blow 6 I *1Nf losn"pM."W. .-: CONTEMPORARY BRASS ft GLASS
The final blow to agriculture in the county came when the Farmers : MATOONO CHAM. COCXfAIL $477 COCKTAIL OR END TABLE
Market burned in the early 70's and the state of Florida "dragged- its I QUO WOOD "
feet" and took two years !before replacing It, says Wainwright.In EACH ONLY _
the meantime, in Lawtey they used an old shed to load the
strawberries in refrigerator trucks but without the market to draw the SPECIAL SAVINGS ON MANY BEDROOM BARGAINS $
growers, they went elsewhere. The state finally rebuilt the market at a .
third the original size, but by that time there were few growers left and ."

fewer buyers, he says. B I' ._ OUR LOWEST PRICE EVER YOUR. CHOICEICo. .M. $044 N



( : :$ 01'
.. Hen 0+MM MdnEhial --en.nprw.A
KfoN motf tfoeorMivo to-tawliM -- $48
I wnm ooog.""MM. ONLY

F I 4-PIECE BEDROOM INCLUDES; tsal. HuM jira Woo _
I' .FUUSOUKN SIZC SOOKCASI HEADSOAHOTHinj ....r.,' .w.ers=-l.r No.s



.. i :I TOWER/RACK [D ,
+ S188
STEREO SYSTEM ti :.k' ,.
';L'H"c.. _:. 4-DRAWER CHEST
$288SAVE'62 ;; ,""" ""-* .
ONLY. (l'.;;''
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VHS-Vldao Cassette Player
4:,, 5 ,.= t t $3 8 t
hold barn CB a New Hirer,..... E.,---. $188 flP
'i..f MMMIIN----
1 .. .- ww-Ofc HilB HBJOI THE CARTON
: w. &; SAVE '82



.'Th. world's beet souro of borax. soft.n r, .to In tv. Mojave. WE WELCOME YOUR ,APPLIANCES :ELECTRONICS ON ALL PURCHASES
*n* I
,d...ft. ODfomte. j

.' .' .' .' ... .....vimto crtar 835 S. Walnut St. STARKE. FLORIDA IUVICU'nRTHIEUlEI

.... &k wtMi.' .
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Rescue Services: An Asset to the Community ,
J. -"
..:", ..."_." .....,. ...,_.......
Residents of Bradford County say TULLER
they realize Emergency Medical
Services (EMS) is an asset to the I I Chiropractic Center
area as they increase their utiliza- "
tion of Rescue Keystone Heights Office
J Rescue continues to grow as they I
serve the people of the area on a II 2608, S. Lawrence Blvd.
basis. I
The average runs/or/calls per a'" 473-7213
month for EMS rose to 122 in 1988 r"(4
from un calls per monthin C 1 i /
1982. according to Director Cliff "'t., .o
Chapman. The average for the first .F"I
six months of 1989 has reached 124
runs per month PAIN CONTROL
"The best thing that ever happened Worft Rotated
the and ., HMdachet .
to Rescue was city county ( Sports
taking in EMS. Of equal importancewas I .Neck&Arm .Personal
Dr. Pete Gianas becoming "'I .Mid Back .
Medical Director of EMS," Chap- .. .,.. ..... .Low Back&Leg Auto Accident
Gianas takes .. : 'L' ll.
man said. an ac- .

system tive role more in Rescue knowledgeable! He makes, effi-our "'.. .,....... ..,.,, .. ..... ..,.;il.1,1.;, ....,."/.... .......: .,, ...'(.,,.. Wt
cient and competent.
Fire Fighters Get New Air-Chisel...
Prior to 1UIH: Rescue was housed in
the Bradford Hospital The move to The new air chisel rescue unit being shown above Waters. CARE
an old quonset hut on the corner of will be on the fast response fire truck stationed at the The air-chisel donation was made to better relations
Grand St. gave Rescue a chance to Starke Fire Department. The truck answers all between the volunteer and the professional firemen In WHEN YOU NEED IT-
expand and improve. emergencies anywhere In the county. Starke. said Terry McCarthy. z, 24 HOURS A DAY-7
Bradford Rescue is an AdvancedLife The Fire Council,composed of representatives of all The air-chisel comes In handy for cutting throughtthe
\ Support system meeting the requirements the county's volunteer Ire departments, bought the tops or doors of wrecked automobiles when victims DAYS A WEEK
and criteria set forth in 1390 kit and are donating It to the Starke station.Terry can't be extricated.Or.It can be used to cut a hole In a
Florida State Statute. Continuing to McCarty left makes the presentation to Starke Fire metal building. The unit works off a compressed air VQD Office Hours:
meet requirements of Scope of Work Chief Dwavne Harder, center. and fireman Jerry tank.
funds from Mon.-Fri. 8:30-6:00: : p.m. Sat. By Appointment
generates matching
.._ _
Federal Emergency Mangement.A c : ', :.'. .::'.. ,' '
grant written by EMS allowedthe
recent purchase of a much need
ed new umt.Rescue .
operates with full-time
and part-time paramedics TerwillegarFord f
emergency medical technicians and ,
volunteer EMT's.
The personnel is actively involvedin xniierCLEAN
community education. Residentsof
the area are instructed at schoolsor .
in organizations in CPR First
Aid, EM refresher course advanced
cardiac life support classes.
Classes are also olfered at Santa Fe

Center.Community College Andrews D D

Explorers, sponsored by EMS is
offered to students interested in a
medical related field. An active program -
is responsible for the successof
the organization
Working jointly with the volunteerfire
departments and the Starke 189 Models
Fire Department is a benefit to area
residents. The purchase of AMKUS
(Jaws of Life) several years ago has r
proved to be a real life saver. The
tool is used county-wide not only for_ .
auto accidents but could be used in a 1
natural disaster or industrial accident 89 w CM GL

Two years ago EMS acquired a
I :
quick response fire truck with the No _
help of Lawtey Correctional Institution
at no expense to the county.
That unit gave adequate fire protection
to the eastern portion of the
county. QK-10 was given to Brooker
VKD last
Rescue is dispatched from the <-
county jail' from the 911 number. An
Bf1llw 4 i3
enhanced 911 will be in place in 1989. M "

PopulationGro"vth $ .__

4 Dr, AT, AirTilt, Speed Control 2 2 50 .

Light Group '?' *
AM/FM Stereo .
Power Doors & Locks XLT With Free Air 19 g

ExplodesFlorida's PER MO. E ..Chrome AM/FM Step Cau Bumper Tachometer

Sliding Rear Window
population has been so PER MO.

grown explosive by that more nine than counties 1,000 percent have $ I50 REBATE VON

since 1950 University of Florida
researchers reported Friday. I [gJIf J (QJIL
Charlotte County, an expanding ALL T-BIRDS
retirement retreat south of Sarasota
,has been the state's fastest growing o"'_ .H ,
county, increasing by 2,080 percentas
its population grew from 4,286 to
93.439 between 1950 and 1988. FULLSIXEBRONCO
While constant, growth has not XLTEDDIE
been evenly distributed. For exam
ple, Hamilton County added only 875 OR
people for an increase of less than 10 BAUERFROM -.
percent while the state was on its
way to becoming the nation's fourth- is h( i-

largest. \": ,,\
Other slow-growing counties were
Madison at 12,5 percent, Union at \P
14 2 and Jefferson at 17.6.
Other massive county growth *
rates have been found in Brevard at $17'651
J 1,538 percent, Broward 1,346, Citrus After Rebate+Tax ft Title 'ROM
1,311 Lee 1,214, Pasco 1,187, the
bureau found. -

I More Florida people than have moving been moving out, and into f f jfli }f[) '- :c; ;B':'"'i'D E, tt1S, 'J

.. .......... .. ....
there are more births than deaths. .. .._., .........y ,,' .. ".. ."' < .. -"" .. L ==' .
Migration accounted tor 72.3 per- .,. ,A,t':". ..;.:.... -.... ...;. .. .( ..- .. -....- on, -' .. LTD It *
cent of total growth in the 1960s, 92 @R'H
percent in the 1970s and 88.5 percent
in the 1980s, researchers found.
I the state population was '87 Ranger XLT 89 Ford Mark HI '87 Buick Century -
estimated. 12.4 million last year.
Super Cab Conversion Van
PopulationIn Tilt. Casa. Cru2 e. Sport

Cloth Int. AM/FM Casa Power everything dual air, Wheels. Velour Clean Int. Extra
North Florida, AIr SUPER BUY 8.OOOMi.ColorTV

1950 and 1988

19SO 1911 $ 6,995 $17,950 $ 6,995

popalatloa population
A chuo 57.026 182,940 '
Bradford 11.457 24291 86 Ford '89 Bronco II '88 Gran

Ranger XL'MarqUJs. LS
Clay 14.323 99.111

Columbia 18.216 42.016 5 Sp.Air 34.OOO Clean '". Extra" Cloth Int. 19.OOO Ml Full ....... Showroom. New $J. 5 5,95'

Dixie 3.928 10.224 ,

Gilchrist 3A99 1 A21Iia11IIton $
8.981 9.856 4,888 $11,888 $12,588 '

.. .
Lafayette 3A40 5.234i

i Levy 10.631 24A96 Ask About Our

Martin 38.187 182.329 erwiliegar Motors .

butnam 23.615 tIJ:111 LIFETIME

. suwamee 16.986 26.281 9G4-720O Statewide 1-8OO-329'FORD 473-FORD SERVICE

f- Taylor 10A16 18.910 Starke ;371 098 388-FOftD:: Keystone Heights ..cJ.: GUARANTEE!

209 W.Madison' Gainesville Jacksonville' State Road 21.
\1 union 8.906 10.115



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'\ \\\.RAPooap\ I J cL/ij/ ::);1

JlJlOth ANN WERSARY (!!iliijiaP4 ISSUE[ Jl8791 Jl9l891 ..

STARKE,FLORIDA Section One August 10. IDliIt

Telegraph Reaches ..1 .

110th Milestone w ..

The first issue of The Telegraph was printed on July 28, 1879 by William

East Ml Street his Starke.It son,.Sterling, working in a tiny wooden building on

was just 22 years after completion of the railroad from Fernandina to
Cedar Key and the establishment of a post office here In 1857. Living was
getting back to normal after the Reconstruction years following the Civil
War. George F. Drew! a Democrat, was serving as Governor after three
terms of Republican Governors during the Reconstruction period. F.W.
Woolworth the ten-cent store magnate, had just opened his first store in
New York although it was a five cent store in those days when a fickle
would still buy a good cigar. Thomas Edison had just perfected the incandescent 1 !
electric light bulb, though it would be many years before
Starke had anything other than kerosene or gas to depend on for lighting. j (

Colonel Moore, as he was called County (now Union County) and
was a well educated man who hadedited learned the newspaper trade while a _
and/or published newspapers schoolboy in Gainesville. Due to the
in several other locations before lack of roads and bridges in those
coming to Starke, including days, and the long distance between Ii
Tallahassee, Jacksonville, Cedar Providence and Starke, Matthewshad
Key, and Lake City. He was interested never been in Starke until he .
politics, and is listed in came to investigate purchase of the
the Florida Legislative directory as paper.

House having from been Columbia the Speaker County of the in Arriving here in January 1893, he ,..
was surprised to find an old friend
1868. At that time, Columbia County B.J. (Ben) Farmer working for :'.::1..1 ...". ..- lOr- j ..!\>,-.1III' "" """" : iJ."IjjI '-";
included the that is
territory and now Webb. Farmer had learned the printing
Bradford Union Baker
coun trade along with Matthews in in history,and the outbreak of World Telegraph Building (Restored)
ties.Post Gainesville and begged to become a War II brought Camp Blanding to
war growth In this area was partner in the purchase of The this area, causing Starke to becomea .
stimulated when Florida railroadswon Telegraph from Webb. boomtown fed by ..-
a suit against the State's Inter ,
payrolls. '
nal Improvement Board and were Matthews agreed, and the paper ,, .,
awarded large tracts of land which was purchased "lock, stock and barrel The Telegraph kept pace with !L
they, in turn, advertised at low !' for $1,050$350 down and the growth by junking hand-fed presses d
prices in order to attract newcomers balance at the end of the first year. for faster models that printed from a '(.::, : --
from out-of-state to invest in orange Farmer served the partnership as continuous roll of paper rather than -;..,-
groves and other developments.When business manager and compositor single sheets. Computers also -
(typesetter), and Matthews was replaced typewriters, and the old ''
Col.! Moore arrived in Starkein !
the spring of 1879 he was impressed editor-compositor. At the end of the method of printing from columns of I .
by seeing virgin forests of yellow first month s operation they had netted lead type was changed to printing --1A U
pine falling all around the little townto grand total of $150 to divide, from paper columns produced by '
make room for open fields of cot- and thought they had done ex- computers. ,"
ton and corn, as well as provide ceedingly well. In those days letterheads After 40 years as editor and lll 1 iif
timber for mills and naval sold for$3.50 per thousand,
saw publisher of The Telegraph, E.L.
stores operations. while printed envelopes went for Matthews sold the paper in 1973 to r;'
$2.75 a ,
After looking around and talking two of his sons-In-law Bob Fergusonand
with prominent men of the town,Col. Matthews became sole owner of John Miller, both of Starke, who
Moore left for a brief period and The Telegraph in 1898 when Farmer have edited and published the paper?
soon returned with his family and a sold his interest and went on to since that time.They have continued

small printing outfit, mainly a few greener pastures. to expand the newspaper operation, ;
cases of handset type and a hand-fed Under the ownership of Matthews, establishing a new paper, The Lake
press. the paper's subscription list continued Region Monitor to serve the I
to and in 1905 it became Keystone Heights area, and pur-
He and his son, Sterling no doubt grow, The
chasing a neighboring
evident that a larger was
struggled mightily to produce that press
Union County Times, which serves .
necessary:1Iowever It was feared
first paper in mid-summer-with no Lake Butler. ,
,, air conditioning, no electricity, and that. the second floor of the old "<.j '.
very little equipment. But apparent-- building then occupied by The With three papers to produce, it ',,' ...
ly they did a good job, judging by Telegraph was not substantial became practical for The Telegraphto "
these complimentary comments on enough to support the heavier equip- install its own four-unit offset a .
that first issue by an older paper,the ment. press, which was purchased in 1977, "
Tallahassee Floridian: making it unnecessary to have the
paper printed in an out-of-town
"As to typography, it is a marvelof plant.
neatness, while as to its editorial
management, the fact that Col. The growth of the community and
Moore, who is an old and experienced corresponding growth of the ,-
newspaper writer, is its editor, is newspaper plant has made it
and remodelthe
necessary to expand
sufficient to warrant an able
management." old original I brick building, partof only two publications-near the
. which is still in use. The most re- turn of the century when the Telegraph ((1960x-'70s;I
In that first issue Col.! Moore set cent change was made in 1984 when publisher decided to skip Christmas
the political tone 01 the new paper the entire building was covered with week in order to give the force and ---- --r
with this expression of policy which red brick to blend in with the historic himself a few days off at home with "
was reprinted In The Floridian: Call Street district and match the their families, and once during the -.
"With experience of the past, and 1902 courthouse which is now being terrible influenza epidemic of 1918
entering, as we trust, permanently, used by Santa Fe Community Col when illness made It impossible to 1 AOFOKD_ :1IJ '
or for a long time, into newspaperlife lege.In. get out anything but an"advertising Telegraph _:. .. .
we deem it our duty to espouse "A Brief History of the Brad- sheet" with legal notices that had to r
the cause of the National be published by law.
ford County Telegraph" written in i
Blanding Days
Democratic Party and the prospec- 1959 by Leslie Walton Robshaw a Several times during its more thana
tive nominations of that party as student journalist at the Universityof century of publication, it has had
more conducive to the interests of all About this time a wet/dry electionwas Florida, the author said: fires that damaged the plant so
sections of the country than any held In Starke in an effort to get severely the paper had to be printed I
"From its Inception in 1879, The
other course. rid of the so-called "open saloons" elsewhere, as far away as Ocala in
Telegraph/ has been dedicated to an
"We shall endeavor, however, so that had caused so much trouble ideal of community service. Under one instance.The .
to conduct The Telegraph as to over the years. J.D. Crabb operatedthe the guidance of its several editors it
allay rather than foster, bitter "Red Light Saloon" in a brick

has grown with the county it serves, Telegraph has the same birth =
where the
strife,and will practice that building standing present
political and has contributed to the growth of as the Florida Press Associa-
is located. With his year
tolerance toward political opponents Telegraph plant that area by its constant encouragement Its 110th
closed saloon tion,which is also observing
which we regard as one of the essen- business down, the
.. .
of the -
community's J
and promotion in 1989. In 1954 the _'
tials of the conservatism which is keeper left town In disgust and Mat Anniversary I h. :: :
and resources. paper won one of its proudest
the synonym of true Democracy. thews purchased the building
site for $800 and moved The In its 110 years of publication The achievements, the statewide FPA
From the beginning The Telegraph in the early 1900s to the Telegraph is known to have missed award for Community Service.
Telegraph was warmly received by location It has occupied ever since.
readers and advertisers. A.E.Moitt,

stood whose on blacksmith the southeast and carriage corner of shop Call In ownership later years of Matthews The Telegraph continuedhis but Tramp Printer Is Vanishing Breed; But a Necessary Evil in Old Days I

and Court Streets, used a full page employed an editor and manager to ... H

ad to announce that the Starke Car- ,take over the actual operation when For the past 80 that strange a weekly newspaper in every town small) papers in those days could not
riage Factory provided wagons and he was elected to become presidentof member of the years human race once where he served a church, was a have existed but for his cheap work.
plows made to order,as well as shoe- the Bank of Starke and was later known as the tramp printer has beenas very pious fellow, and started small And traveling around picking up
Ing horses. Col. Comer L.Peek,who appointed by Governor Carey extinct as the legendary dodo papers in Hampton and Starke, as new ideas and methods of printing,
came to Starke as a school teacher Hardee to fill an unexpired term on bird, and those who are old enoughto well as many other towns in this which he generously passed on, he
and later turned to real estate the Florida Railroad Commission, a remember him will not mourn his : area. But even he had to discharge a added to the.knowledge of the craft.
development advertised books for position he continued to fill for tramp printer once on the groundsthat
sale at his stationery store for three several terms. He sold the paper in passing. the man was a religious fanatic In applying for work,it was a mat-
cents each. 1933 to his son,Eugene L. Matthews, Back in the days before computers and impossible to get along with. ter of complete indifference to him
a graduate of the Columbia Univer- took over the task of typsetting in 1.1 Among other faults, this printer whether he was employed or not. If
After several years of joint opera- sity School of Journalism. newspaper plants many hard- refused to correct errors marked on no work was to be had, be would
tion with his son,Col.Moore decidedto pressed editors of the hand-set type the proofs. "Let us not try to be touch the weary editor for two-bits,
retire from newspaper work, and E.L.Matthews took over the paperat age had to depend on the wandering perfect," he admonished. "If we do, each of the other printers for a dime,
Sterling D. Moore became the the depth of the Big Depressionwhen tramp printer! to get the paper out, we'll soon come to believe we are and the shop "devil" for a nickel
editor-publisher. By 1888 the paper the U.S. economy was on the even though it might be a four-page, perfect, sure enough, and thus swipe a bundle of old papers to sleep
moved to larger quarters in the se- verge of bankruptcy and there was once a week publication.But become proudand pride is one of on in an emergency, and go on his
cond story of a frame building used very little money in circulation.used The the general cussedness ... ... the seven deadly sins, you know." way rejoicing.
by J.G. (Gid) Alvares for his mercantile bartering system was often as habits of the
store at the southeast cornerof a substitute for money, and many ornery of those political articles Having stayed on the job a few What finally became of the tramp
Call and Walnut Streets. Telegraph/ readers paid their compelled publishers sermons mixed with li weeks or perhaps months,the tramp printer and what caused his tribe to
mechanical -
subscriptions with products from the to install scientific notes, and coun would get itchy feet and move on to dwindle and then peter out entirelywill
In 1887, I.C. Webb a newcomer farmeggs, chickens, sausage and machines as soon as they from every the next town that had a print shopor never be known. Perhaps .his
from Chicago, who owned a large sugar cane syrup. vented and placed on the in the county caused a a newspaper. Having terminated rugged Individualism was Incapable
tract of undeveloped property on times and bad The typographical tramp In his brain and Warped a job and received his pay, which he of conforming to the colorless
Kingsley Lake, decided to buy in to Through good contlnjdto always be told from pencil like a corkscrew. All always complained was too little, routine of the machine age. Perhapshis
the newspaper business ana for a however The and Telegraph its piano tuners, umbrella with hangovers and the tramp would get a clean shave unwashed presence was too out
short while the masthead carried the publish.When E.S.upgrade Matthews purchased equipment and other wandering Willies of of the printing profession and perhaps haircut to last him until of keeping with the orderly interiorof
name of Moore Webb as the in 1893 type was still bygone era by his jerky as cranky and cross as a his next job. From the length of the modern print shop.Or perhapsthe
publishers.\ This partnership was laboriously paper set by handone walking This resulted, bear. the bristles on his chin, you could new era efficiency simply left
soon dissolved, however. and on letter being at time.The elder Matthewshad from his standing before a type good at judge just how. long he'd been bet- him no dart corners In which to hide
a usually .
April 12, and swinging his rlllht ann like II.lJ1'W ween jobs. his bottle of Old Crow.
"stick and
learned to type" as a grammar, punctua-
But Mr. Webb was not an experienced newsboy on the old Gainesville Dally dler crab while the which left he arm, the words "formally" and The tramp printer's idea of Whatever the cause the tramp

newsman; he and his wife Bee, predecessor to, the Sun. the "stick"' held into close to his side. were a thorn In his side heaven was somewhat foggy, but his printer Is gone. Perhaps some daywe'll
Both taught school earlier at Linotypes, which set type type, was given birth to two schools of conception of Hades was very clear.It come across him properly
Kingsley Lake. He soon tired of mechanically, were invented after' The odor emanating from him among tramp printers. One was a place where all the news labeled and fittingly preserved in
newspaper management, and turn- the turn of the century and Mat a combination of stale one of these words copy to oe set was reprint of alcohol: in some thoughtful museum.
ed to operating a livery stable. thews was one of the first weekly smoke\printers Ink, gasoline the other school used the temperance articles, set In small .
publishers in Florida to purchase wash the type, the absence of exclusively.The fact that type with narrow columns and paid (The above article was written by.
About that time Eugene S. Matthews bottle of Old dic the late HJ2. Lagergren, an early
one of these mechanical marvels. and fumes from a were found in the for at ten cents a thousand.Yet .
a young newspaperman: then he kept hidden behind the type proved nothing; to them ex- Starke surveyor whose writings for
working in Ocala, learned that The After E.L. Matthew purchasedthe hand was even Noah Webster could with all his many faults, the The Telegraph were about on par
for sale and came in 1933. the recovery efforts Setting type by Mark Twain. Mr. Lagwfrmwas
'Telegraph was paper:: had tramp printer was of much use and with
here to look it over.'He had been of President Franklin work, and the tramp welcomed by harried the grandfather of retiredsurveyor
and reflect Corr, an early Baptist frequently
Roosevelt gradually brought the time to think on 3McMil... .)
Providence in the western Merrill .
born at material he was composing.S who made it a habit to start publishers with open arms Many
of the worst
pert ,of what was then ,Bradford .country out depression!

"' -
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I 11'


Rescue Services: An Asset to the Communitv.. "

"' ... .."... .... silt-a ,
Residents of Bradford County say \ r\\ /- TULLER
they realize Emergency Medical .
Services (EMS) is an asset to the ;,)< ',\.i '.'.''.' i Chiropractic Center
area as they increase their utiliza- .'d w <:::
tion of Rescue \ ,:,,,,. Keystone Heights Office
Rescue continues to grow as they
t serve the people of the area on a r' a 260B, S. Lawrence Blvd.

\ 24-your basis. .'
,t, The average runs/or/calls per ': """.' 4737213PAIN
month for EMS rose to 122 in 1988 ; ;, fA./
fe \
frum un average: 69 calls per month ; ; !; 4 w yA ;
in 1982, according to Director Cliff :. !' ;...J I.. i ir
Chapman. The average for the first : ':: : A
six months of 1989 has reached 124 r::. ::: .:;.,::,.: :' l ; INJURIES
runs per month. CONTROL
"The best thing that ever happened ; WoritRotatod
to Rescue was the city and county iJiJ if: .HeadachesNackAArm .Sport

taking In EMS. Of equal importancewas ,.., ,.. .Personal
,.". i r"" ; ... Mid Back
Gianas ..
l>r. Pete becoming ,0> ",",' !iJ\L'v"\: ''' .Auto Accident
Medical Director of EMS" Chap- ; H. '; ; ;ifi!>\ '' ;;' '' '' .Low Back&Leg 'L'f'l t
man said. "Dr. Gianas takes an ac- \ ,.':,J''f': ... ... : '1:.;
tive role in Rescue. He makes our ,.. .. .,:"" .... .}!' \ I..:: .. "... ll1
system more knowledgeable, effi-
cient Prior and to competent.1983 Rescue was housed in Fire Fighters Get New Air-Chisel... ,

the Bradford Hospital. The move to The new air chisel rescue unit being shown above Waters. CARE
an old quonset hut on the corner of will be on the fast response fire truck stationed at the The air-chisel donation was made to better relations
Grand St. gave Rescue a chance to Starke Fire Department. The truck answers all between the volunteer and the professional firemen In WHEN YOU NEED IT-
expand and improve. emergencies, anywhere In the county, Starke, said Terry McCarthy.The 24 HOURS A DAY- 7
Bradford Rescue is an Advanced The Fire Council,composed of representatives of all air-chisel comes In handy for cutting throughtthe
Life Support system meeting the requirements the county's volunteer fire departments, bought the tops or doors of wrecked automobiles when victims DAYS A WEEK
and criteria set forth in 1390 kit and are donating it to the Starke station.Terry can't be extricated.Or, It can be used to cut a hole In a
Florida State Statute. Continuing to McCarty, left makes the presentation to Starke Fire metal building. The unit works off a compressed air QD Office Hours:
meet requirements of Scope of Work Chief Dwavne Harden, renter, and fireman Jerry tank. Mon.-Fri. 8:30-6:00: : p.m. Sat. By Appointment

generates matching funds from . . .. .. .. .. .
.. .. .
-. .. ..
Federal Emergency Mangement.A .' .- .'-' '.. ." "
grant written by EMS allowedthe
recent purchase of a much need-
ed new umt.Rescue .
operates with full-time
and part-time paramedics, TerwillegarFord
emergency medical technicians and
volunteer EMT's. '
The personnel is actively involvedin erD
community education. Residents Ford
of the area are instructed at schoolsor .
in organizations in CPR, First
Aid, EMT refresher course, advanced -
cardiac life support classes.
Classes are also offered at Santa Fe

Center.Community College Andrews D

Explorers, sponsored by EMS, is
offered to students interested in a SWEEPSAll
medical related field. An active program -
is responsible for the successof
the organization.
Working jointly with the volunteer
fire departments and the Starke 89 Models
Fire Department is a benefit to area
residents. The purchase of AMKUS
(Jaws of Life) several years ago has r
proved to be a real life saver. The
tool is used county-wide not only for
auto accidents but could be used in a- 1ry
natural disaster or industrial accident 89 GL

Two years ago EMS acquired a
quick response fire truck with the No
help of Lawtey Correctional Institu-
tion at no expense to the county.
That unit gave adequate fire protec-
tion to the eastern portion of the
county. QR-10 was given to Brooker

VKD last vear .
Rescue is dispatched from the 4 wy -
county jail from the 911 number. An M
enhanced 911 will be in place in 1989.

PopulationGrowth 4 Dr, AT,Air.Tilt, Speed Control $ 2 2 50 .

AM/FM Light Group Stereo '? *

Power Doors & Locks XLT With Free Air 19 9'

ExplodesFlorida's PER MO E .. Chrome AM/FM Sliding Step Can Rear Bumper Window Tachometer

population has been so PER MO.
explosive that nine counties have
grown by more than 1,000 percent $ I500REBATE Y

since researchers 1950, reported University Friday.of Florida = G (gJIn1 J (OII .

Charlotte County, an expanding ON ALL T-BIRDS
retirement retreat south of Sarasota
has been the state's fastest growing tL.,& ... Mi :t 1
county, increasing by 2,080 percentas
its population grew from 4,286 to D
93.439 between 1950 and 1988. II I FULL SIXEBRONCO
While constant, growth has not XLTEDDIE
been evenly distributed. For exam
ple, Hamilton County added only 875 OR
people for an increase of less than 10 BAUER -..
percent while the state was on its -
f f fwwal
way to becoming the nation's fourth-
largest. 1.P \
Other slow-growing counties were ,
Madison at 12,3 percent Union at \
14.2 and Jefferson at 17.6. .
Other massive county growth FROM *
rates have been found in Brevard at 17 651 -
1,538 percent, Broward 1,346, Citrus 'After Rebate+Tax Title ,
1,311, Lee 1,214, Pasco 1,187, the .
bureau found. -

I to More Florida people than have moving been moving out, and In- ;"'r :Alf-.t .ir : ;':;"t 'R' "'''; jfs} ,h; ,

, there are more births than deaths. ,..;.;,.. ..'.: -" .,.<' "._ .". .. ........-. <- ..... .._d ..,.._ ,) I. I.
Migration accounted tor 72.3 percent .. ..... ..-,... ..... .._n. ... e' ..Go-...- .-.'...'*-''Io.,,- "." .. -" .. . ,,-. .' m C VB
of total growth in the 1960s, 92 B i11a
percent in the 19705 and 88.5 percentIn
the 1980s, researchers found.
I The state population was '87 Ranger XLT '89 Ford Mark HI '87 Buick Century 12.4 million last vear.
Super Cab Conversion Van
Tilt Cass. Cruise Sport
PopulationIn Wheels. Velour Int. Extra
Cloth Int. AM/FM CaBS everything dual air
North Florida Air SUPER BUY 8.OOO Ml. Cobr. CleanPower

1950 and 1988

19$0 19.. $ 6,995 $17,950 $ 6,995

>>unty .....apepalaiea
chua 57.026 182.940 '
86 Ford '89 Bronco II '88 Gran
Bradford 11.457 24.297

Ranger XL Marquis LS
14.323 99.171
Clay *

Columbia 18.216 42.016 5 Sp Air.34.OOO..Extra Cloth Int. l .oOOM1 $J.
Clean Full Power. '-"NCW 5,595-

Dixie 3.928 10.224

GIIchI1st 3A99 A21 $ $
4,888 11,888erwillegar$12,588
amnion 8.981 9.856 '
.. .
Lafayette 3MO 5.234
Levy 10.637 24A9
Ask About Our
Marion 38.187 182.329 Motors .

tjtnQTl 23.615 60317Suwatmee LIFETIMESERVICE>E;

16.986 26287tf 964-7200 Statewide -80O-329.FORD 473-FORD

10A16 18.910I"J.I Starke 371-1O96 388-FORD Keystone Heights' ..cJ.. GUARANTY
" 209 W. Madison' Gainesville Jacksonville' State Road 21.
e 8.906 10.175

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,..-. ::::: .::::::

E.: ,JlU8 11

\ \\ \BRADFORD 1\ d I Ii l J/j CO // I / .

IlOtlhi ANNIVERSARY QJitigraP4: ISSUE 1879 1989 .

STARKE FLORIDA Section One August 10, 19K9

Telegraph Reaches 1.

110th MilestoneThe

first issue of The Telegraph was printed on July 26, 1879 by William wr/1. .rLN .
Wyatt Moore and his son, Sterling, working in a tiny wooden building on >r r
East Call Street In Starke.It .

was Just 22 years after completion of the railroad from Fernandina to
Cedar Key and the establishment of a post office here in 1857. Living was
getting back to normal after the Reconstruction years following the Civil
War. George F. Drew a Democrat, was serving as Governor after three
terms of Republican Governors during the Reconstruction period. F.W.
Woolworth, the ten-cent store magnate, had just opened his first store in
New York, although it was a five cent store in those days when a nickle
would still buy a good cigar. Thomas Edison had just perfected the incandescent
electric light bulb, though it would be many years before
Starke had anything other than kerosene or gas to depend on for lighting.


Colonel Moore, as he was called County (now Union County) and
was a well educated man who hadedited learned the newspaper trade while a
and/or published newspapersin schoolboy in Gainesville. Due to the
several other locations before lack of roads and bridges in those r
coming to Starke, including days, and the long distance between
Tallahassee, Jacksonville, Cedar Providence and Starke, Matthewshad
Key, and Lake City. He was in- never been in Starke until he
terested politics, and is listed in came to investigate purchase of the
the Florida Legislative directory as paper.

having been the Speaker of'the Arriving here in January 1893, he
House from Columbia County in find old friend
was surprised to an ,
1868. At that time, Columbia County B.J. (Ben) Farmer working for
Included the territory that is now Webb. Farmer had learned the printing -

Bradford, Union and Baker coun trade along with Matthews in in history,and the outbreak of World Telegraph Building (Restored)

ties.Post Gainesville and begged to become a War! II brought Camp Blanding to
war growth in this area was partner in the purchase of The this area, causing Starke to becomea .
stimulated when Florida railroadswon Telegraph from Webb. boomtown fed by military .a---
a suit against the State's Inter- payrolls.The ,
nal Improvement Board and were Matthews agreed, and the paper I
awarded large tracts of land which was purchased "lock, stock and bar- Telegraph kept pace with "

they, in turn, advertised at low rell' for $1,050$350 down and the growth by junkmg hand-fed presses ,
prices in order to attract newcomers balance at the end of the first year. for faster models that printed from a /; .
from out-of-state to invest in orange Farmer served the partnership as continuous roll of paper rather than ,--
groves and other developments.When business manager and compositor single sheets. Computers also .4--:

Col.Moore arrived in Starkein (typesetter), and Matthews was replaced typewriters, and the old ,- : k..
editor-compositor.: At the end of the method of printing from columns of .
the spring of 1879 he was impressed first month s operation they had net- lead type was changed to printing
forests of
by seeing virgin yellow ted total of $150 to divide from columns
grand produced
a paper by
falling all around the little town
Cine and thought they had done exceedingly computers. -
room for open fields of cot- .iJ'
well. In letterheads
ton and corn, as well as provide those days After 40 years as editor and
timber for saw mills and naval sold for$3.50 per thousand, publisher of The Telegraph E.L.
stores operations.After while printed envelopes went for Matthews sold the paper in 1973 to .
$2.75 a thousand. of his sons-in-law Bob
Fergusonand I -
looking around and talking
Matthews became sole owner of John Miller, both of Starke, who ,
with of the town Col.
prominent men in when Farmer have edited and the 'Tit
The Telegraph 1898 published paper
Moore left for a brief period -
soon returned with his family and a sold his Interest and went on to since that time.They have continued =

small printing outfit, mainly a few greener pastures. to expand the newspaper operation, r .
cases of handset type and a hand-fed Under the ownership of Matthews, establishing a new paper, The Lake
Monitor to the
Region serve ,.
the subscription list
press. paper's con
He and his son, Sterling, no doubt tinued to grow,and in 1905 it became chasing Keystone a Heights neighboring area paper, and pur-The .... .i!

struggled mightily to produce that evident that a larger press was Union CountTimes, which serves
first paper in mid-summerwith no necessary:-However, it was feared Lake Butler. \,

-' _.. ;, air conditioning, no electricity, and that the second floor of the old :'J"I' '
"" '
very little equipment. But apparently building then occupied by The With three papers to produce, it ','\ .' ",1
they did a good job, judging by Telegraph was not substantial became practical for The Telegraphto :
these complimentary comments on enough to support the heavier equip- install its own four-unit offset .,
that first issue by an older paper,the ment. press, which was purchased in 1977,
making it unnecessary to have the
Tallahassee Floridian:
paper printed in an out-of-town
"As to typography, it is a marvelof plant.
neatness, while as to its editorial
The growth of the community and
the fact that Col.
of the
corresponding growth
Moore who is old and
an experienced
plant has made it
writer is its editor is newspaper
newspaper ,
necessary to expand and remodelthe
sufficient to warrant able
an old original brick building, partof
only two publications-once near the
management. which is still in use. The most re- turn of the century when the Telegraph l0s-70s,)
In that first issue Col.! Moore set cent change was made in 1984 when publisher decided to skip Christmas
the political tone of the new paper the entire building was covered with week in order to give the force and --- ;- -- -'
with this expression of policy which red brick to blend in with, the historic himself a few days off at home with t.

was reprinted in The Floridian: Call Street district and match the their families, and once during the "'!f9Y. WM. '\---

"With experience of the past,and 1902 courthouse which is now being terrible influenza epidemic of 1918 '.*9' ,. ":"
entering, as we trust, permanently, used by Santa Fe Community Col when illness made it impossible to '
or for a long time, into newspaperlife lege.In. get out anything but an"advertising Telegraphin ailAorOAO .. ,. .-
we deem it our duty to espouse "A Brief History of the Brad- sheet" with legal notices that had to
the cause of the National ford County Telegraph" written in be published by law.

Democratic Party and the prospec- 1959 by Leslie Walton Robshaw, a Several times during Its more thana Standing Days
tive nominations of that party as student Journalist at the Universityof century of publication, it has had
more conducive to the interests of all About this time a wet/dry electionwas Florida, the author said: fires that damaged the plant so
sections of the country than any held in Starke in an effort to get severely the paper had to be printed
"From its inception in 1879, The
other course. rid of the so-called "open saloons"that
Ocala in
elsewhere, as far away as
has been dedicated to
Telegraph an _
much trouble
had so ---
"We shall endeavor however instance.The .
so ideal of community service. Under one
to conduct The Telegraph as to over the years. J.D. Crabb operatedthe y
the guidance of its several editors it __ :
"Red Saloon" in a brick + I- y
allay, rather than foster, bitter Light has grown with the county it serves, has the same birth I
strife and will practice that building standing where the present Telegraph I >:,
political and has contributed to the growth of Associa-
as the Florida Press -
is located. With his year
tolerance toward political opponents Telegraph plant that area by its constant encouragement -
tion which Is also observing its 110th
business closed down the
which we regard as one of the essen- and promotion of the community's Anniversary! the .,, ,. ,
in 1989. In 1954 '
left town in disgust and Mat- -
tials of the conservatism which is keeper I 4'1. ';:
resources. Its "
thews purchased the building and paper won one proudest
the of true Democracy.
synonym site for $800 and moved The In its 110 years of publication The achievements, the statewide FPA
From the beginning, The Telegraph in the early 1900s to the Telegraph a known to have missed award for Community Service.
Telegraph was warmly received by location It has occupied ever since.
readers and advertisers. A.E. Moitt,

stood whose on blacksmith the southeast and carriage corner of shop Call his In ownership later years of Matthews The Telegraph/ continued, but Tramp Printer Is Vanishing Breed; But a Necessary Evil in Old Days .

and Court Streets, used a full page employed an editor and manager to v

ad to announce that the Starke Car- take over the actual operation when For the past 60 years that strange a weekly newspaper in every town small papers in those days could not
riage Factory provided wagons and he was elected to become and presidentof later member of the human race once where he served a church, was a have existed but for his cheap work.
made to order,as well as shoeing the Bank of Starke was known as the tramp printer has beenas very pious fellow, and started small And traveling around, picking up
horses. Col. Comer L. Peek,who appointed by Governor Carey extinct as the legendary dodo papers in Hampton and Starke, as new Ideas and methods of printing,
came to Starke as a school teacher Hardee to fill an unexpired Commission term on bird, and those who are old enoughto well as many other towns In this which he generously passed on, he
and later turned to real estate the Florida Railroad for,a remember him will not mourn his ., area.But even he had to discharge a added to the.knowledge of the craft.
advertised books for position he continued to fill mac tramp printer once on the groundsthat
sale development at his store for three several terms. He sold the paper in passing. the man was a religious fanatic In applying for work,it was a mat-
cents each.stationery 1933 to his son,Eugene L. Matthews, Back in the days before computers ? and impossible to get along with. ter of complete Indifference to him
a graduate of the Columbia University took over the task of typsettmg in r other faults, this printer whether he was employed or not. If
After several years of joint opera- School of Journalism. newspaper plants, many hard- refuse to correct errors marked on no work was to be had, be would
tion with his son,Col.Moore decidedto Matthews took the pressed editors of the hand-set type the proofs. "Let us not try to be touch the weary editor for two-bits,
E.L. over
retire from newspaper work, and of the Depression paperat age had to depend on the wandering perfect" he admonished.we do, each of the other printers for a dime,
Sterling D. Moore became the the depth>> Big the tramp printer to get the paper out, we'll soon come to believe we are and the shop "devil" for a nickel
editor-publisher. By 1888 the paper when the U.S. economy and was there on was even though it might be a Tour-page, perfect sure enough, and thus swipe a bundle of old papers to sleep
moved to larger quarters in the se- verge bankruptcy in circulation.The once a week publication.But become proudand pride is one of on in an emergency, and go on his
cond story of a frame building used very little money often used asa the general cussedness and the seven deadly sins, you know." way rejoicing. '
by J.G. (Old) Alvarez for his mercantile bartering system was habits of the tramp printer
store at the southeast cornerof substitute for money, and many ornery compelled publishers of those days out contradictory political articles, Having stayed on the job a few What finally became of the tramp
Call and Walnut Streets. Telegraph readers paid their to install mechanical type-setting temperance sermons mixed with liquor weeks or perhaps months,the tramp printer and what caused his tribe to
subscriptions with products from the machines as soon as they were in- ads, scientific notes, and coun- would get Itchy feet and move on to dwindle and then peter out entirelywill
In 1887, I.C. Webb 'a newcomer farmeggs, chickens sausage and vented and placed on the market. try correspondence from every the next town that had a print shopor never be known. Perhaps his
from Chicago, who owned a large' sugar cane syrup. crossroads in the county caused a a newspaper. Having terminateda rugged individualism was incapableof
tract of undeveloped property on Through good times and bad The typographical tramp could cumurring In his brain and Warped job and received his pay which he conforming to the colorless
Kingsley Lake decided to buy In to however The Telegraph continued always be told from pencil venders, his judgment like a corkscrew. All always complained was too little, routine of the machine age.Perhapshis
the newspaper business and for a to publish and upgrade its equip- piano tuners, umbrella menders this, together with hangovers and ,the tramp would get a clean shave unwashed presence was too out
short while the masthead carried the ment.When E.S. Matthews purchased and other wandering Willies of that the trials of the printing profession and perhaps a haircut to last him un- of keeping with the orderly interiorof
name of Moore Webb a* the paper in 1893. type was still bygone era by his jerky style of made him as cranky and cross as a til his next job. From the length of the modern print shop.Or perhapsthe
publishers. This partnership was being laboriously set by hand- one walking. This resulted, naturally, sore-headed bear. the bristles on his chin, you could new era of efficiency simply left
and from his standing before a case judge how he'd been bet dark In which to hide
soon dissolved, however, on letter at a time.The elder Matthews type He usually good at just long him no corners
was '
pretty .
and swinging nil right arm like a fiddler ween jobs. biB bottle of Old Crow.
April U, bad learned to "stick type" as a crab while the left arm holdingthe spelling, grammar, and punctuation -
But Mr. Webb was not an experienced newsboy on the old Gainesville Dally "stick" into which he placed the but the words "formally" and The tramp printer's idea of Whatever the cause, the tramp
newsman; he and his wife Bee, c predecessor to. the Sun., type, was held close to his side. "formerly" were a thorn in his side heaven was somewhat foggy,but his printer is gone. Perhaps soma day
both taught school earlier at Linotypes, which set typemechanically and had given birth to two schools of conception of Hades was very clear.It we'll come across him properly
Kingsley Lake. He soon tired of were invented after The odor emanating from him wasa thought among tramp printers. One was a place where all the news labeled and fittingly preserved la
newspaper management, and ,turned the turn of the century and Mat combination of stale tobacco school recognized one of these words copy to be set was reprint of alcohol In some thoughtful museum.
to operating a livery stable. thews was one of the first weekly smoke! printers Ink,gasoline used to only, and the other school used the temperance articles, set in small
publishers in Florida to purchase wash tie type, the absence of soap other word exclusively.The fact that type with narrow column and paid (The above article was written by.
About that time, Eugene S. Matthews one of these mechanical marvels. and fumes from a bottle of Old Crow both words were found in the dictionary for at ten cents a thousand.Yet the late H.E. Lagergren an earlyStarke
a young newspaperman then be kept bidden behind the type case. proved nothing to them except surveyor whoM writings for
working Ocala learned that The After E.L. Matthews purchasedthe that Noah Webster could with fault the Telegraph par
In 1933 the recovery efforts Setting type by hand was slow even all his many with Mr.Lgeerg
Telegraph was for sale, and cam paper of: President Franklin 'work, and the tramp had plenty of be wrong. tramp printer was of much use and Mark Twain. ea
here to look it over.'He had been brought the time to think and reflect on the Rev. P.W. Corr, an early Baptist frequently welcomed by harried was the grandfather of retired
Roosevelt gradually
pnrt born at of, Providence what, was then In the Bradford western .country out of the worst depression!! material he was composing.Spelling minister who made It a habit to start publishers with open arms. Many surveyor Merrill G. McMillan)

fI UIE '

," .. ..\,.;.' j,". t. c." \ ;>Oi

\ _ ', .' ,.'-...__",_' .,'__' ..... .. _.' "__- -"c.v: .T' ,'II'!.,, .... ''''OJ'''' .' ...,...,_. ..

I II"p.
.. .. .


I The Publishers 'They Have Made Community Service A High Priority Polley I

W. W. Moore E.S. (Major) Matthews Learned to Set

Founded Paper, -,.. Hand Type as a Boy in GainesvilleHe

Aided by Son

Throughout its 110 years of con- 1 system of nominating candidates for '
tinuous publication The Telegraph began his newspaper career at office, which was in effect at that (
has had editors and publishers who the tender age of ten, selling time, and convert the county to the I'
were deeply concerned with the newspapers and serving as primary system of electing party :
needs of the community they served "printer's devil" on the old 4 nominees, which he had observed .
and threw their support behind projects Gainesville Daily Bee in 1882. He I' working effectively in Alachua and
.: and programs that would best was editing his first newspaper at Marion Counties.
meet these needs. the age of 16. S
Under the convention system, a t
The first editor and publisher was Eugene S. Matthews, veteran prominent local Dr. John I
the founder William Wyatt Moore, newspaper editor and publisher, L. Gaskins, controlled county I
who, with his son Sterling founded 'banker Speaker of the Florida politics from the back room of his
the paper and produced the first House of Representatives in 1907, ..aua Call Street drug store,and managed I
issue on July 26, 1879. and 25-year member of the State to get himself nominated to the State

He was born in Leon County and Railroad Commission, predecessoq Legislature, term after term. While
learned the newspaper trade, like ( \ to the current Public Service Coma having no special objection to
most beginners, as a printer's devilon : mission, was born in western Brad- Gaskins, Matthews had a high opinion -
an early Tallahassee newspaper. i1} 1, ford County, July 9,1972.He of a local jurist Judge Wills,
his career he is said to have and wanted to give him a chance at
; owned was a third generation Flori- the office. His efforts
: and edited newspapers in were successful
C several locations in this North Central dian whose grandfather, John ,and the primary system was
Elmer Matthews,came to Florida in instituted in Bradford County.In .
i Florida area, including Lake City -
the 1830s and fought in the Second
Jacksonville, Fernandina and Seminole Indian War. His father, those days the Bradford County
Cedar Key before coming to Starke. 1v William Washington Matthews, a Guard, forerunner of today's National
: He also had some political ex- First Lieutenant in the Civil War, Guard, elected their own of-
perience, serving in the State at Ridge in ficers, and Matthews was chosen as
was captured Missionary
Legislature from Columbia County, t tI Tennessee and held as a prisoner of Eugene S. Matthews 'II Captain of the company at the out-
s and was elected Speaker of the war at Johnson's Island. II I break of the Spanish-American War
House in 1868. I in 1898. The local unit Company M
He was a property owner in Col- The Matthews' farm was near old Dunnellon was a typical frontier :1st Florida Volunteer Infantry, was
umbia County and served as Civil Fort Call in the Providence area, town at that time, with two general i said to be the first Guard unit in the
War Tax Collector in Lake City from now a part of Union County after stores and five barrooms. Convict i state to volunteer for duty and was
1861-65. After arriving in Starke and (t Bradford was divided in 1921. Rural labor was being leased from the i mustered in on May 24, 1898.
settle here he schools being somewhat inadequateat State, for cheap labor in the mines,
deciding to ,
purchaseda time his and the often brutally Matthews was elected to the
lot on Call Street bounded on the that mother took the prisoners were Florida
House of Representatives in
children and set up in treated by the mine bosses
south by Mrs. J.M. Jones; on the housekeeping andeven 1904 and again for two terms in the
Gainesville during sometimes resulting in illness J
east by railroad and the west
; on by 1920s. In 1907 he was chosen Speaker
He attended Miss Maggie Tebeau's death. Matthews was an
Thompson Street. It was here that he jf the House
z probably printed the first paper and private school, a well-known and outspoken editorsometimes too j i Us by acclamation. During
Speaker-ship,he commendedy
quite likely had his residence. highly regarded institution of learn- outspoken for his own good, and his { was
The Founder Col. Wm. W. Moore > Florida for
: newspapers his
ing at that time.It critical editorials concerning the in- j
fairness in presiding the House
famous didn't set over ,
was in Gainesville that Mat leasing system md was urged by several to forovernor
Editor Publisher run
and well with the powerful in-
I.C. Webb LegislatorThe mining (
thews started his lengthy newspaper a campaign he had
terests. Their influence
ink-smeared was so leither the time nor the finances to
career as an "printer's
in Dunnellon that it resulted
devil", as apprentices were called in strong nake.
Short TimePublisher
in loss of'business for the
paper's name had been changed those days) moved to Macclennyand those days. He soon learned the Matthews new During his as of
eventuallysold years president
from The Florida Telegraph to started another newspaper, The tedious job of setting type by hand in newspaper.out and returned to work in he Bank of Starke, Matthews no
The Starke Telegraph during Sterl- Baker County Sentinel which he the days before the Linotype was in- actively
Ocala on a new The New onger managed The
ing Moore's editorship, and one year soon sold and returned to Starke vented. His budding career was in- paper ]
Capitol, founded for the Telegraph, employing other editors
after Webb's purchase he made the where he operated a small hotelbusiness. terrupted however, by the outbreakof express pur- while
of trying get the State capital retaining ownership. During
In 1885 Col. Moore sold the paperto third and final change to The Brad- yellow fever in Gainesville in 1888, pose hese: he continued
moved from Tallahassee to Ocala. years to serve on
Sterling for $500 cash and a $500 ford County Telegraph. The welcomed him causing him to return to the farm at he] Town Council and the Board of
promissory note to be paid at the end Telegraph Providence until the epidemic sub- Although born in Providence, Mat- lend
Webb had no experience in the back to Starke with this editorial Trustees. The paper vigorous-
of one year. Two years later Sterl- sided. thews had never been to Starke ].
newspaper business, and apparently comment: y supported bond issues to obtain
ing, apparently not the dedicated because horse and ;
had little desire to learn. He left "We are pleased to state that Col. While still in his early teens, Mat- wagon transpor- itilities- lights, water and sewers -
his father was, sold tation,poorly maintained dirt roads,
newspaperman of the W.W. Moore the old founder and thews heard of at the Marion well as new school
the to I.C. Webb, who had management paper largely up a job and rickity bridges made it a long buildings,
come paper here from Chicago, like many to his wife and devoted most of his editor of the paper, has sold the Free Press in Ocala, where he met and tiresome trip in those days. oads and other improvements.In .
other northerners of that period to time to other activities. He sold the Baker County Sentinel published in Wallace F. Stovall, publisher of thepaper However, he knew about The 1924 Matthews was appointed to
paper in 1893 to 21-year-old EugeneS. the flourishing town of ... at that time. Stovall,who later
try his fortune in orange groves. Macclenny.: Telegraph and had always had a Jj ill an unexpired term on the Florida
Matthews and eventually movedto Col. Moore there is no place like became owner of the Tampa '
Webb purchased a tract of land on says desire to own and edit it if the opportunity Railroad Commission (predecessor
the southwest side of Kingsley Lake Texas.In Starke and old Bradford County and Tribune, took a liking to Matthewsand ever came his way.A 14 o the present Public Service Commission -
and he and his wife both taught at a the meanwhile, Col. Moore that he will now drive down his persuaded him to go to North ) by Governor Carey
small school on the northwest side of (Colonel was a complimentary title stakes for good and all in our Lake Weir and take charge of a short time after returning to lardee[ and served in this capacity
midst." small that Stovall had Ocala, an old friend of Providence
paper u ntil his retirement 25
the lake at that time. given to most prominent men in ,year 1 ( later
previously owned, I but had turned days.''Col. TVilHanfT! Weeds', who At ;
over to a citizens' group, promisingto would later become'.Clerk:'of then;,;"atthMbwad'"a-mnnbprbP the ;1905 legislative session,
send them an editor to take Court in Bradford unty/'for 33.C pciil'u5elect: Cdtnhiittee the 'r. '.
f 3 charge of the paper. "They will pay years, wrote Matthews that The j!1 tudied and favorable "Wat
gave a
Telegraph was for sale by its owner, report
you $10 a week, and when you get ?n the Buckman Bill consolidating
., tired of it you can come back to I.C. Webb. s,everal small state

THE Ocala," Stovall said. Matthews came to Starke in 1893 1 la irger institutions-University of

The leader of the citizens' group and made a deal with Webb to buy Florida and the Florida State
OFFICE soon tired of paying Matthews' the paper for $1,500$350 down and toman's' College (now FSU).

salary, and turned the shop over to the balance due at the end of the first In 1953 he was honored at a special
t SHOP him rent free" if he would continue year. c,onvocation at the University of

.; 150 Main 8t. 1 managing it. Matthews stayed there Always interested in politics, MatF''lorida Centennial celebration as
Butler for three years, until 1891, when he thews was elected County Treasurer "ne of the outstanding citizens of
Lake left to start a paper in Dunnellon, soon after his arrival here at age 21.F.lands, in recognition of his contribution -
496-2261 which was a boom town after the One of his early editorial efforts was and leadership in State
discovery of phosphate in that area. to do away with the old Convention g

Classified Mix-Up Gets Worse & WorseDid I

you ever "see red" when your The third week the paper came out FOR SALE-R. D. Jones has one
FOR SALE ad in the newspaper's with the following apology: sewing machine for sale. Cheap.
classified column appeared under MR.R.D. JONES has Informed us Phone 958 after 7 p.m. and ask for
the heading "WANTED TO BUY", that he received annoying telephonecalls Mrs. Kelly who loves with him.
or some other typographical error because of the error we madein
O messed things up and kept you from his classified ad, which we gladly
making the sale you had hoped for? correct as follows:
Finally, the desperate Mr. Jones
00 Well, cheer up. It could have been corrected the ad himself with a
O O worse. All newspapers have their brand new wording:
O "typo" problems, and here is an example
O of one that to disastrous
proportions in a grew small f I, R.D. Jones, have NO sewing
I II west before it was finally straightened machine for sale. I SMASHED the
J out. 4 damn thing! Don't call 958 as the
I phone has been taken out. I have
The first week, the ad appeared as NOT been carrying on with Mrs.
RENT follows: Kelly. Until yesterday she was my
FOR SALE-R. D. Jones has one housekeeper- she's gone too.
i sewing machine for sale. Phone 958 I'm filing suit tomorrow.
after 7 p.m. and ask for Mrs. Kelly
who lives with him, cheap. l lI
VAFAX45MO. Big BlooperBut

After the scandal created by this all the mix-ups don't occur in
and tirades from both Mr.Jones andMn. the classifieds. Another weekly

: Kelly, the paper came out witha reportedly referred to a deceased
"corrected" ad next week: war veteran In his obituary as "a
NOTICE-We regret having erredin battle-scared veteran". The next
Let UsDemonstrate R.D.Jones'ad last week. It should week they apologized and said what
have read: One sewing machine for they really meant to say about the
ale. Cheap. Phone 958 and ask for Colonel was that he was "a bottle

Mrs.Kelly,who lives with him,after scarred veteran".Oh well, you can't
A FAX In 7 p.m. win 'em all)

Your Office

15.000 Copy Congratulations to the Telegraphon

I WarrantyFor$1899 Murata 1200 your Anniversary Issue

: On ,. .. ., .
'" "" "

i! or Rent Sale $799 1" ttJTO,' INSURANCE,

For $1O5Per
"m t.t" <"" .. ,,,,",,,<<....: ,. '
\ Mo. i4..m"" fl '

')1't! : .t\pf..\
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," ., ';218 N. TEMPLE' AVE,, w:.,",
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M [Mlta DC-1203 "i' ,964:.$23223'; .
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k I [I. Suggested 7ff

; .. .

r ,ON SALE ;;} .
r. '
FOR MO'Nt'JI .PAylV.FN s. .

f ::: Or Rent for 9B5.OO $1699 A AXJ"4)3 i

.r-I: per month + 3,5 _
copy. .
i If you have trouble getting Insured.

s let Karen show you how personal service opens the doors.




- -

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._ -


'_ UltAU.'Onn roilNTYTKI.KCKAI>ll, I.Oth-ANNIVERSARY'. PM:o'riiawc! L..tI_...._ I

N E. L. Matthews Followed His Father a t' At aJI

As Editor and Publisher in 1933 ,

1 t 4 I.
It'l a long from Journalism
school in New York City, back to order to take title to the stately old
Starke and Its weekly structure and obtain grants for its
but Gene Matthews had no difficulty restoration. Matthews served as
making the change.\ He was born in chairman of the board for over is
Starke and had his first newspaper years, and was succeeded recently
experience "fooling around' The by William A. Bessent, III.
Telegraph/ office as a teenager, and

editing mid19208.i the. BHS Journal in the The SFCC Campaign ;

Several years ago Guy Andrews, a
After graduating from high school strong advocate of higher education k A
1927 Matthews spent two years at for everyone, conceived the idea of
Virginia f Military Institute before obtaining a local campus for Santa
transferring to the Columbia Fe Community College In Starke. He \ r, I I.'S
University School of Journalism, approached Matthews with the idea l lis
where he graduated in 1932. and obtained approval of the r

The Big Depression was already Historical Trustees to lease the
taking its toll on the economy, and building to Santa Fe for $1 per year
some of the largest dailies In New \ 99 years. The college's presence
here has been
York a great success from
were folding ,
up cutting
their staffs to the bare bones. In normal the start and the student body is
times,Matthews would have liked growing every yearMatthews' ,
to stay in the city a few years to
but hard some times dally had also experience hit Starke, / personally and editorially special is interest protec,
tion of the environment (see 4./ %
and he was needed back home to story /
elsewhere in this
help keep The Telegraph going. notable was the editorial issue). Most
After a year with the family campaign
he decided to stick around paper; and waged in support of the effort to pro _
bought The Telegraph from' his tact the 5,000-acre Santa Fe Swamp
father In 1933 on a $10,000 note. ar from being drained by a large cor
poration to obtain peat for burning
Business By BarteringAds Y as fuel in a paper products plant.
were selling for 25 cents an The effort ended successfully, after
inch, and a year's suscription cost a several years, with the corporation
dollar in those days. But there were finally agreeing to deed the swamp
very few dollars or even quarters in to the State for use as a protected
circulation at that time, so folks refuge.
resorted to the barter system bring-
ing in vegetables and'other farm Tribute to WeekliesWith
products to trade for the paper. At 9"+ ..,..aYi'iEugene ... _;. ';;. the advent of the
least, there was no danger of a L. Matthews and instant news
coverage provided
"country editor" to death.
by television
...checks was predicted
The newspaper and its force strug- Telegraph pages during several decades ago that t
Camp .
gled through the depression years Blanding newspapers would soon become ob- ,, ra i
like everyone else, and the clouds solete in the face of TV competition l4 i r 4'r' li l1} "
finally began to lift with new jobs Ordinarily, FPA presidentsserve in almost every home in the nation. _' ; : .4
created by the public works programs only one term, but the com- But twenty years ago, then Governor _
inaugurated by President plex job of changing the structure Leroy Collins said, "From my
Franklin D. Roosevelt. He restoredthe could not be completed in twelve people's confidence by telling months, and Matthews was re- weekly papers are, far from declin- ---- n......', -
them, "we have nothing to fear but elected in order to finish the job. Today I ing, becoming even more important AFTER PUBLISHING
fear itself." the FPA is a thriving organiza- I in our lives. There is something compelling TELEGRAPH 40 sons-in-law, John Miller (left) and Bob
But the depression era dragged on tion, and includes daily papers 1 and Inspiring about personal years E.L. Matthews (center) sold paper to Ferguson, who have published The

until "the day of infamy", which originally had a separate journalism... and the real citadel of Telegraph starting in dna:
December 7, 1941 when the association.The personal journalism in America still
Japanese made a surprise attack on growing needs of the com- remains in the weekly field." These
Pearl Harbor, resulting in World munity have received strong remarks have proved to be true.

War II. With billions of dollars pour- editorial backing from the paper in In 1960 a graduate student at the Ferguson and Miller Have Been
ing into armaments and the con- the last 50 years, including campaigns University of Florida did readership
a -
struction of military bases, hospital health
unemployment disappeared and center,zoning for the town and a coun- study of The of Telegraph as being Co-Publishers Since 1973In
representative Florida
prosperity finally returned. ty the Downtown Development project ,county seat newspaper"typical, His
for historic Call Street surveyof
a ,
128 households convinced him of
The Big Boom Days fund-raising promotion to help ,the high readership of news, adver-
Starke became a nationally known finance conversion of the old 1902 {tising, and editorials in a weekly 1933 E.S. Matthews sold The son, Kevin, of Boston, and a by pressman Roy Wells, who is still
"boom town" during the construc- Courthouse into a modern educational i newspaper. One reader remarked, Telegraph to his son,Eugene L. Mat- daughter, Mary Anne Tillman; alsoa on the job 12 years later.
tion of Camp Blanding, which later center for Santa Fe Community "If everybody read his Bible like he thews who, in turn sold the paper in grandson, John Ryan Tillman, With the increased capability of
grew into the largest Infantry Train- College in Starke. does The Telegraph, there would bea 1973 to his two sons-in-law Bob G. both of Starke. tne new equipment The Telegraph
ing Center in the U.S., with nearly lot of Christians in Starke." Ferguson and John M. Miller. Miller was chairman of the recent plant was able to carry an additional
100,000 troops stationed there in Ferguson, who heads up the Downtown Restoration project andis load. The publishers established the
peak" periods. Local History Explored CommunityService editorial side of the paper, was a past president of the'Starke Lake/ Region Monitor in Keystone
.. :ii The landing boom 'also affected Next. to newspaper work. Mat ,Matthews thinks there could be no reared In Bradford County and Rotary Club and the StarkeBradford Heights in 1974, and purchased the
... w.. ', The Telegraph, which took on the thews',.chief ,interest has always I higher praise than that for thejyeek- I,r" graduated from Bradford High County Chamber of Commerce.,, .Union.County _Time in 1977. All
been the history of Starke and Brad1 1 ly newspapers of the country, whose School iii 1950.' He Was awarded a' He wad named Citizen of the Year by'the 7 i'three papers are now printed and
task of publishing "The Dixie" a ford County which he has researched |personal touch and hometown treatment degree in Journalism at the University Chamber for the year 1987-88. He distributed by The Telegraph plant.
tabloid-size paper for the 31st DIvision and partly written during his i of the news will never be of Florida in 1960. was also a director in the Florida Other equipment has also been
made up of trainees from the more than fifty years at The I\threatened by television or any other For the ensuing six he Press Association. modernized, and computers have
southeastern states. In those days Telegraph Old issues of the paper I i medium.He math in BHS while years taken the place of the old
taught the
doing After the
The Telegraph still printed on single some dating back to the 1870s, have purchasing paper typewriters and Linotype machines.
sheets of that were hand-fed been Invaluable considers the role of the weekly part-time reporting on The new publishers soon added a four-
paper an source of Since 1967 he worked full The building has also
newspaper in the Telegraph. unit high speed News King press so Telegraph
one sheet at a time, instead of the material without which the older community as
time at the as could be been enlarged and redesigned with a
continuous rolls of used primarily one of service. Among paper that The Telegraph printed
paper today. history of the community would awards won by The Telegraph over reporter/photographer, and has again in its own plant rather than out red brick facing in keeping with the
Printing 10,000 copies "The already have been lost. He also fell
Dixie" slow the: years, he is proudest of the one been co-publisher since 1973 During of town. The first Issue was run off recent restoration of the Call Street
was work keeping one heir to an Invaluable collection of presented in 1954 by the Florida this time he has won numerous on the new press in September 1977, Historic District,which Is on the Na-
pressman busy all week. With the photographs and negatives from the Press: Association for awards, including the 1987 Media tional Register of Historic Places.
modern equipment used today, they old Hoover Brothers Studio, which Outstanding Award from the Florida School
Service.In .
could be run off in an hour or so. tell a story of "Old Starke" that Board's Association for Excellencein

After the war, it was feared that thousands of words could not Education Reporting, and awards
Starke might become a ghost town describe.It all of his 57 years at The from Future Farmers of America,
with the closing of Camp Blanding.To has always been his hope to seea Telegraph, Matthews has refused to the Dept.of Army Junior ROTC program even the small four-page pipers \..,. .
take up the economic slack. The Bradford County Museum become computerized. He still cl- and other civic groups. He of that time to set enough type to .
Telegraph Joined forces with con- established in which to gather and ings to his old 40-year-old Remington has served on the Board of Directorsof fill up the paper.Consequently .
cerned citizens of the town and display the artifacts of Bradford standard typewriter In spite of ef- the Florida Press Association.He they relied on
mounted a successful effort to bring County. So far this has not been forts by the present publishers to br- is married to the former Mary "ready print" pages that were
in new industry to fill the gap. The realized, but he and the Bradford ing him into the electronic age. Agnes Matthews and they have four ordered from a firm In Atlanta
"When a letter falls off and were pre-printed with Items
first to come was the "Big Dad County Historical Board still have
children, Julie, Aimee, Jonathon,
Manufacturing Co.", a factory mak- hopes. keyboard I can stick it back on withElmer's and Jacob. of general interest, such as short
ing work clothes, and other small industries Glue-you can't do that witha stories, Sunday School lessons
soon followed. computer" he argues. John M. Miller, who heads up the and patent medicine ads.
Early in the 1970s when the Old production and advertising depart- In Its earliest days The
Courthouse had fallen into disuse ments of the paper, is a native of Telegraph used ready-print for
and was about to be placed on the He Is also constantly heckled Hampton,Tenn.,and came to Starkein its front and back pages and the
Made in FPA auction block to be sold, Matthewsand about the "landfill" appearance of 1953, graduating from BHS in local news and ads were run in-
Changes a small group interested in local 1 his desk, but stoutly maintains thatif 1961. He entered the Air Force in HAND-FED JOB PRESS was1' side.The editors tried to keep thisa
Early in the 1950s Matthews was history persuaded the Bradford he files anything away, he never 1961, and his tour of duty included 15 sometimes used to print The secret from the readers, but the
elected president of the Florida County School Board,who then own- can find it again. The crowning months in Vietnam. He retired in Telegraph In earliest days. ready-print pages were always
Press Association and set a goal to ed the building, to deed it to the criticism, however, came one day 1988 from the National Guard after nice and neat, while the Inside
'restructure the EPA as a professional group. To do this legally the Florida when a six-year-old grandson open- 23 years of service.He pages were apt to be smudgy and
organization with a full-time Legislature passed a special act 'ed his office door, stuck his head inside In the days of handset type, full of errors. The readers were
manager rather than the mostly creating the Bradford County and muttered, "What a later graduated from when every fetter of the alphabetwas puzzled by this difference in
!social organization it had grown to Historical i Board of Trustees in 'I shambles! Midwestern University at Wichita laboriously picked out of a quality, and the only logical con-
Falls, Texas, with a degree In type case and each word composed clusion they could reach was that
business administration. by hand It was Impossible for the typesetters must be drunk
tQiS>2QQQQwGGl&2&Z&&Z&&& I half of the time!
Miller is married to the former
Anne Matthews, and they have one

Old Fashioned Service

Naomi Herres J(: / The Way It Used To Be :

has been"beautifying" \ ( I ) v _

-' Carl Hurst at 1

area ladies for over I 5; HURST EXXON

years. .

I ::. . '. & r

F. n Wrecker Servicet


: Has never stopped

Vtake serving the customer.,
( I
: ::

gp .\ I / In today's world it is nice to know somethings remain the same .

\ ,

.. Carl Hurst has taken care of your automobile for over

All This and 25 years, Stop by soon and see

More from _

a real beautyfrofestional Woman to VV man

/ -iJ- .

) 1.,.!, ', r IT1ERLE ran ; .

}. 118 &Thompson Street Starke 964-7355,

,. U.S. 301 964-6111\ "
y Stop by today and get the best in beauty tips from one of the beat.i "" 987 Temple '. I.

"';1'io.o '. \ n '(, I;

"--.L. .. .: ...,", tW ,.,. '-7ZJ'U i', '.2v--J, 1" ',- s.; ,,tiJ:'. '. .\.." .,.'.\ :' ,.:r''
y. J 19K{ ,
> '
: = ..
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.* m "" ...... n .1..d.r:..F ayy..ib-a-aP 'W_--Ate: : 'J .' _.........=-'-'.. ,. .. s-'. "" "" "A" .....""
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No Wonder Sick People Died Young Every spring you dean th* Muss you
I live In, to ret rid of the dust and dbt wWcfc

collected fai the winter. Your fcodjr the
After Taking Those Patent Medicine
house your soul lives In,also becomes DOH

%- up during the wtptcr: with all manner e*
which twcn removed' from

Need some bitters for those remedy". It was prepared and sold Now Ben had friend named delay day, but was snoi Your body need
jittersor anything else that ails by Dr. Tate Powell, one of the city's Queens a Mc- cleaning inside. If your bowels,your Bver,
? and most respected family
you early doctors, who advertised it as "The Who told him to take Smith's Bile your kidneys arc full putrid filth and
In its early days, there weren't great blood purifier. Positivelycures Reans. you don't clean tiem out At the sptlnr.youTI .
many stores in Starke to advertise blood of all kinds, And now he's as rosy as any pink '
so The Telegraph was largely depen- poisoning posy be in bad odor with yourself. am
skin diseases rheumatism, sick
dent on patent medicine ads to keep And has married a woman of / everybody dec all summer. i_

the paper going. ssfioloe> means! \ / DON'T USE A HOSE clan you I

If you think you've heard about all But some of the ads were almost ; body Inside but sweet fraerant mfld but 1'
the ailments that afflict mankind, a I insulting and seemed designed to irritate and forceful CASCARETS that I
look at some of the old patent I the ailing reader rather than positive ,
medicine ads will reveal diseases work white you sleep prepare .ail ths filth
and ailments heard about. curing him. For instance, this one far removal and I
you never I headed "RICH BUT WRETCHED:" collected fai your body
For instance there were cures for "Fight on, old "money bags", drive H off moldy, tenth/. but aaa the Ia
scorfula, tetter, salt rheum gravel, f I I your liver is drying up and your curtly leaving blood and nourishing, stomarA and bowels: clean and :
your pure your
running sores chilbains, St. Vitus iuI bowels are wearing out. Some day
Dance Incipient Consumption, you will cry aloud for health offer lively, and your Bver and kidneys healthy and active. T y* lO cent bcmtodayaacI"not
Barber's Itch Scald Head and the ing all your wealth but you will not satisfied fet your money back-but yo'fl sec how tile eleanlnj: cl your body to
worst of allan ailment so bad it I get it back because you neglected ,
was called "The Horrors." I nature In your mad rush to get gold. EASY BY
w No matter what you do or what ails MADE
And the cures for these scourges you today is the day to keep watchof
had names that were just as fancifulas I and
nature's servants help your
the diseases themselves. To men
tion a few-there were BBB (Botanic 1'0.the P.rm....." Cur of bowels work regularly. "Cascaretswill
Blood Balm) and PPP (Prickly Ash. PARALYSIS, DROPSY help nature help you.
Poke Root and Potassium), another NEUIALGIIAI Dr. J.L, Gaskins, a leading Starke
BBB (Bitter Bile Biscuits), along RHEUMATISM, % physician and druggist of the 1880s
with Dr. Kilmer's Swamp Root, advertised No-To-Bac for those who
Hood's Sarsaparrilla Cures Electric MAGNETIC SHIELDSheadache wanted to break the "filthy" habit. CAtilf Y CATHARTIC
Bitters King Simmon's Liver This was his eye-catching message:

Regulator Mother's Friend and DON'T TOBACCO SPIT IDe::. AIL .
DeWitt's Little Early Riser Pills for kidney and liver com Or Smoke Your Life Away DRUGGLSI'S
Liver and Bowels. plaints, dyspepsia loss of This is the truthful, startling title 25e: 50c
energy will ...d (aa .... It"--
T.w..rdp- IWabew.t -w.tad CASCARZ't'
malaria etc. It enriches the blood w/W.t toe pow boy
and gives life and energy to the _________ _.......Re..1y :-,-..'.fSitap: .-ar -
system; is the best female remedyon '

earth,and the only one that will in MUSTANGSurvival ago, and we're still trying to break ly as 1895 the year of the Big Freeze. Automobile ads began appearing
every case prevent fever." How the tobacco habit today! The ad said: Sold outright no rent in the paper about 1910 with low-low
could anyone go wrong with a bottleof no royalty. Agents make from $5 to prices but most of the names are un-
AND that for 25 cents? Other Ads Also $50 per day. Works any distance. familiar today: A Warren-Detroit-30
INFANTS- /1l INVAUDSIiIii :., It is doubtful these concoctionshad of the fittest But patent medicines weren't the Never out of order, no repairing runabout roadster was priced at
any great medicinal value but only interesting reading in those lasts a lifetime. $1,200. while used cars were much
Two houses for rent were being lower: a 1912 Flanders-10 Road-
S: ..... 4 nvar MIDKUDI nit nil aUlD w..rar. master $275 a 1912 Haynes $700
1 ---' "' "' -' MIIUOM CUIUKO n tuui 1'C' advertised one for $6 and one for $8 ; ;

Y f5E.R.11Ll..-,.,-..._-;.":.--.._._-.,....I.;.:.. J'III _._UIMw... per month; and seven barrels of and a 1913 Cadillac four-passenger
Substitute THC ONLY for'Mother's tenner .Milk. I !i-!- :-;"_'':r..1V MKXIfA! J MGST J& ITIMQT.A 1-pM,. .._..,....'1110,17!."I.'I".'..........Wbu..Chmar'!..i inllA .._,.wwrl...Y.M..Po'lo- good gallon.syrup were going for 35 cents a $500.

wise Llh.rt','*. OUNC MEN :fs'Us'OfiwrcMania HALM: POLL SeaMY WGI1JI. O' tr'ft.:: {.& r.--I.r..dS:i ::-' _. The Electric Theatre probably DeWitt C. Jones Hardware Co.
W Ilav ..::1.
..,.....oo Mellln l b.hy. Fot1lotr.q/!SO! month*obi woo wtut. Addr .r" ,: : lMyl nlll.1. cUMlpi wi.ewD > BIAS AND BA TI rLTdays. ,'Gti'1..ryr.y.. bold 1-: Yntru- Starke's first movie theatre was offering was advertising a semi-mixed paint
I bm Ml tutor your Wllmlnmon.Mrllln: .< Foul Del dlr 87'1' 4"''>>lfe><."1ruiftlfiw. ;. -W-: 1=.:::t.: xtlra HADB IK......_ There were the regular or"display" shown"in this cityadmission 10 gallon and finish mixing at home.
my boy' nrirty cents.
Iwa old. fur llic lust
uonlb'oroo.: It tail$o Itcon Improved' from him' ..nn.lerfully most of them contained enough SALES IASOEE TEAS EVZB.Tb ads with borders around .. ... ....... ..... .
.rln1t .w.ert r morals of
: And in of the strict
HlntM .. them featuring prices that were ".-"."'. spite
a rould rut dluml mlllc nl ml Lofnra alcohol to make the patient forget Mavleaa Mu tnnir Lla!" 'ha. WA.... Y $.LYxirA
"'D'II.I' *lra.WMJ.tiHli.BEKD (teen known tiioi Ibuty.avra ridiculously low when the time there was still a taste for
comparedwith '
r..a. beak. "The Curetrc ....< his or her aches and pains- least .y klMi o. .null n,1 l .U..b..t..|. o'It*allthan..,.. todwy......for rrargi those of today.In IJ 'rI IYw'erwlU. 'ilt..i'i.i: ..r'J;; : ,.:..,{ 't racy literature, such as:
ill of l.ii>oi.-> nulled until next morning.And tic ..
: r Ihun vv r. It autf whan Ill .........
Kr e I* any ftdJrcuM. jlil jMinalmbM tkln,land, 1883 Louis
of the
Oollber-6oodatB Co. Boston Mass. ..iW'.r.I.: to tb. very louse. Witkovski one Xin ti\i\ ;I ;, i'I
the guy who wrote the adver- .. early merchants and mayor of yt, J 1L44 'SECRETS OF A HAREM. Sold bya
f---- ._ tising copy and drew the eye- Starke advertised: 8lbs8 .of good Rio t I ... .;. : :..:.. woman 5 books. Should be kept
Coffee for$1, but a store at Temple'sMill 'IUI, ", under lock and key. By mail 25
Some of these "cures" catching illustrations for these ads :!std!!..!,!.,!,,-
were probably were genuises. Here's one that north of Starke beat that price cents. Box 597, N.Y. City.
but worse than the ailment itself, would rank along with the best ofadio's of a book about No-To-Bac, theharmlrss with 9 Ibs.for $1. This same store offered Johnson & Anderson were
the other hand of
on some them
guaranteed Tobacco habit kerosene oil at 25 cents a operating an "auto livery service"in
might have been : singing commercials that DID SHE DO WRONG? A Story of
quite tastysuch
cure that braces nicotinized gallon, and boneless ham for 13 1914 offering the following rates
as Dr. Black were so popular several years ago: up Temptation. Also How to be Happy
Biger's Cordial
Berry nerves eliminates nicotine poison cents a pound. for road trips by auto: to Hampton, 1 Tho' Married and UpToDateJokes. .
or Blackberry the Aromatic and Rhubarb.Extract of Ben Jones was a capital fellow makes weak men gain strength. Starke had telephones before elec- passenger, $1.50; round trip $2. To All postpaid for 10 cents.
But so confoundedly sallow vigor and manhood. For sale by tric lights. Electric phones were Raiford,$3; Lake Butler round trip, Buckeye Novelty Co., Mount Vernon -
-SUckaeven-: bad iU...ow..-hom -. That his friends all forsook him J.L. Gaskins. advertised in The Telegraph as ear $4. Special rates on parties. Ohio.
tattled patent medicine, with the"mmy His sweetheart she shook him. That ad was run a hundred years ,., ........, ... .' ..... .. ,.
naJXle., ,,of 4'WUd: grange Which ..made poor Ben loudly .
s,rup", desertwd 6s "nature's own- bellow:'

The Barter System Flourished MITCHELL'SEYE

:. rig! >
During 1930 Depression DaysThe ----- te
.Ii'il '
'. '--i! I Ii
following classified ad was apparently written by a pork-
hungry editor in the late 18808.WANTED t. 4 J

TO TRADE: Anyone having
a pig they would like to exchangefor The savings on a home equity credit line with ,.

\, Telegraph.a year please s subscription call at the to office.The Florida National add up pretty quickly.

r Apparently, the barter system was being used in those days justas
i it was in the Big Depression Days of the 1930s when E.L. Mat ..
thews purchased The Telegraph from his father E.S. Matthews.

Matthews, the son, became editor of the paper in 1932 when
depression dollars were almost non-existent and even depression
dimes were hard to come by. Loyal subscribers were hard hit, like
everybody else and many of them couldn't scrape up the $1.50 re-
quired for a year's subscription In those days.They still wanted the
paper however, so the barter system flourished again. PIO., :10ft.

The newspaper office began to look like a grocery store as
You don't closing costs.
readers especially those from the farming area, brought in pay
homemade sausage, sugar cane syrup chickens and eggs, sweet
potatoes and other farm products in exchange for the paper. Mat-
thews said he didn't mind-fact he was glad to get the food items
in a time of such cash shortage. SALVEpi
I He remembers one trade however that didn't turn out too well.
I One day a wiley housewife brought in a fowl that looked okay to the
untrained editor. He was still living with his parents at that time
and took the chicken home for his mother to prepare for the table.
I i She boiled it once, then boiled it twice but the tough old bird remained Kl! Ra3WS, l7 A/.torT.l: : orlyd.:' .,
unedible. .ar0 ... EAPOHVPAID IO/t 100HOW
; Finally, in despair she threw it out with a sigh and said, "Son... .I \t ., :. .:' .,
don't take in chickens."
please anymore TIIB DUCKBYB NOtElTV CO... You don't pay attorney's or appraisal fees either. .
0 pl. II. Mourns V ran. O14.
1\:1\: .
h '

!i i 5 ,CRr'RaAI' IS lIE ..E'R' 1-1 r wr .,,."::1.., ,!if'...; "

oil'C .it, ; t...:' '1

j U. S. 301 South Starke 964-8331 .J,

And because of what you don't pay, there's more
money to spend on, home improvements or vacations.


Dual Wheel Tandems Hydraulic Tilting Tails ............................................................. ..............


.' Tilt Deck Models ,. 9 Ton with Gooseneck :. Send the coupon, or call 964-7050, Starke. _

:Name :

?: |X-18 9 Ton Trailers Custom Semi-Trailers :Address
Ii rJ?t ; '
; .", .

Custom Tank Trailers Crosley Cargo Trailers :Telephone .' I

1.1 ;My approximate $
'" .'
Large Custom Refuse Dump Trailers '"
a I

t 2 -.

: Congratulations to the Bradford : P.O. Box 310 ; "" t :

'.' County Telegraph bri ;|te. f 10ih Stark,FL 32091 .: J ,. .:: ': : : .l :

J *Ofl rgaadoaliMa.oust 10.000 with maximum 100000.
: "No Cloiag Coot*" off r to valid in' Bradford County nosy unit may 1.
::bo to-llatiu at any u- MEMBER FDIC Equal Iis {3ag L.o4s"
4t :............:.........., ... ..................... ..................


L /

,: vfv&t*' "" .
.. .. .. .. ...... .. r II _____

___ I"
'"1 ,



y- -_.

I The Telegraph Won Two National Awards in 1950's Do You Dare

To Rate Your Town?

In 1952 The Bradford County .. ..d_.." 1.
Telegraph received national 11 \ I1t
recognition "as the oldest weekly
newspaper publishing continuouslyunder
the same masthead In the Town.Dear Journal'
State of Florida. What was true h '

title then is still true today be and the state .P iI' 1 : l lD 0fIIN. TOWN ...,,a.. ...... ON ......N.a fl no ................ .
may even now extended to in- I
clude daily newspapers also. Ii i If W..N..ON .OU"''' ..N/LAag LPN/A D, PA .

before The claim birthdates
Telegraph'* founding in
1879. but many of them have been PrlanAi .
merged during the with "
another paper which was years purchasedand 1 Wban s ..1N croua Cbaabar of Comoro anQ ta artatla" : : .. '.' : .... '
absorbed by a younger paper, i..w> .r.e. Editor ..t togatbar, things arc alaoit aura ." ,''" -. .
and cannot claim unbroken CARRYING ON the program of ,C- to "twppea. '
an eervieo that ha. :'
when lifespan founded.E. under. the same identify as The Telegraph state and national Uirttilnly hinge happanad in Starka, Florida, wbaa ::.... .
recognition Editor Mallhewa (right) Toe trbSrord County Ttlagnpb and tb. Chanbar of Cwaxaroa
.L. Matthews the publisher and dlacuaaea summer recreation program 'HJ took bold of !Tom Journal. "Bata Your :Tan 'lan.Her .'
his wife were invited to the An- with Director L. II. Clbaon. c
nual Country Editors' Conference ., from tb. Saptanbar l"u. of Town Journal ItXdltor
held in Kentucky where The businessmen, it has meant creatinga Oe.... ".\tb..." om .tor? of whit I* lie" .....
Telegraph/ received an award "In steadily finer city." \, In Starka.Tor .

appreciation of the active part that The article listed the 40 yes-and-no ., Editor ttatthava, it tea ......, atoning ...rd. free '
country editors have played in questions that were asked of readersof .<.rt'II' '"" ... tb. riorlda Pr... "'..oei.U.o.Ie C_..... of Cconaroa,
building" a strong free press In the The Telegraph/ in some 50 articles and th. Woodman< of tb. World. ,

nation. and editorials promoting the survey i .\.L! -.,, For all of tb. oltlxaaa of Starka, tat for Starke tlld.......*,
Rate Your Town Contest among private citizens business Y It baa rant cresting a. ataadlly finer olty.Wa .
leaders public officials, and r
Another national award was students; asking them to rate the :I ; f bopa you ray find la thin Inspiring artlcla ....tu1 '
presented to The Telegraph and its town. Every aspect of community natarlal for your own eoocunlty, and ... seat It to yo4 a* *
publisher in 1955 as wmner of a nationwide life was explored, and some readers part of Town Journal e public aarrloa.Vcrnon .
contest sponsored by were mildly shocked when a front e
"Town Journal" Magazine for the page picture appeared showing one Cordially
most effective use of a "Rate YourTown" of Starke's 60 remaining old-style J L.
survey aimed at exposing "unsanitary" privies, with a .
shortcomings in hometown America headline: "Are We Making Privy
and finding ways to upgrade com- Progress?" '" Yin.Dlr.etor .
munity life. of Editorial lalatio.
A full account of the "Rate YourTown"
In announcing results of the con-
and results achieved
test to its readership, "Town Journal" survey .
told in the .
were September 1955 :i:, .
wrote: "When a vigorous
issue of "Town Journal"
Chamber of Commerce tiditor end: 0;:. photographs taken on site by .........LtVtTON,BUCK....
energetic newspaper get the magazine's staff photographer.In EVEN THE CEMETERY GOT A WORKING OVER. Matthews'
together. things are sure to happen.
paper called attention to weeds there-and Garden Club members
"Certainly things happened in just one of progress
Starke, Florida when The Bradford made as a result of the survey: the moved In with rakes. They cleaned up entrances to town too. i ,
County Telegraph and the Chamberof article said some readers were surprised
Commerce took hold of Town when top priority was placedon and service clubs, and persuaded youngsters.
Journal's "Rate Your Town" plan. the need for a recreation center contractors and others to give In discussing results of the pro- '
For Editor Matthews, it has meant for young people. Larry Gibson,thena materials and labor ject, Matthews said it proved his
to renovate the
winning awards from the Florida supervisor in the school system philosophy that J community
Press Association and the Chamberof accepted this public mandate andobtamed old USO building from World War and leadership is the weekly
Commerce. For all of the citizensof financial support for a II, for use as a recreation and crafts newspaper's chief "reason for be- J
Starke and for Starke recreation center from individualsThe center for some 300 participating ing".
r t 1

I What a Marvelous Monster The Intricate Linotype Was I .

When Col. W.W. Moore and his As shown by illustrations on this I
young son Sterling struggled to put t page, the Linotype gradually evolved .,yCouncil
together the first issue of The into a most marvelous machine,
Florida Telegraph/ on a sweaty July one that looked so Intricate that it
afternoon in 1879, every printed mystified everyone except those Studies Needs .
word had to be composed from hand- trained as operators.
set metal type, letter by letter.After Starke Councilmen In 1955 help rate their town. From"left: A.J.n-sa. .
the paper was printedanother These expensive machines were Jr.. George Kopelousos, Ewell Lawson James..Lewis.W.T.. Jackson
back-breaking processthe ink was eventually replaced in every print- James R. Walnwrlght. "
washed from the type with gasolineand shop, and many of them, costing ..
each column of type was thousands of dollars, were simply
"broken down" by distributing each sold for junk or placed in back alleysto
letter into its special slot in the rust away.
wooden type case. .1 I
) .
No wonder that the first issue of .

W Ml+ JCXi tWO' "
pa t 'r d dat a tt of"thosepages
were "ready-print" shipped to the s & wAUTO DISCOUNT .
paper by a firm in Atlanta that pre-
printed two pages containing "cann-
ed" news such as Sunday School
lessons, and even short stories. Con-
sequently there was no local news on
the front and back pages of the first PARTS .
Telegraphlocal news and adver-
tisements (what little there was) being .
printed on the two inside pages.

Ever since the invention of --- 'I OPEN 7 DAYSMF

moveable type by Johann Gutenbergin Junior Linotype bleb some printers called the "Blrdcare"
the mid-l400s,printers all over the because of the maze of wires which carried the matrices. The '
I world had made every possible ef- frame on which the wires were strung was tilted to the rear after 8-6PM SAT 8-4PM SUN 1O-3PM
fort to find some way to speed up the a line had been east to distribute the matrices by gravity. The .
printing process. machine produced slug lines.: I \,

What was obviously needed was a
machine that could produce Its own tors such a line-of-type machinewas also "justify" itthat Is, make DOMESTIC & FOREIGN
type one letter at a time and "cast"it perfected and demonstrated by every line of words come out the
in a complete line-of-type. This Ottmar Mergenthaler father of the same length.
would eliminate the task of assembling printing trade revolution. Soon
each letter by hand and thereafter the New York Tribune This marked the turning point in
distributing it afterward for re-use. began setting type on the Linotype, the printing craft which dates backto
as it was called, starting in July the second century A.D. when the
writer Even Mark the Twain famous, was American obsessed however 1888. It would before be 20 small years or weekly more Chinese texts.discovered They had a known means a of basic printing BRAKE DRUMS & ROTORS TURNED

with this need for speedier printing
formula for ink for more than 25 centuries
such The Telegraph
and spent much of his productive newspapers .
but were not able to combinethe '
could afford such an expensive"con-
time as well as his fortune on investing ink with a formula suitable for -
in risky attempts to produce traption". .
such a machine. He once poured By the summer of 1901 the paper and apply the Ink in letter
$170,000 into an automatic typesettling Mergenthaler Linotype Co. of form by means of an impression. BRAKE CALIPERS & BRAKE SUPPLIES
machine he hoped would Brooklyn.N.Y.could offer its clients Coupled with the broader use of .
make him wealthy but the venture 88 different type faces and had the printing press generally
failed and left him penniless. brought out its model No. 1,the first credited to Gutenberg, the printing BATTERIES STARTERS ALTERNATORSTOOlS
Finally in July 1884 after the workable mechanical typesetterthat trade began to emerge as it is known
trials and failures of many inven- could produce a line of type and today.

Congratulations To The "OVER 6000 SQUARE FEET"

,.j -IF:Bradford County Telegraph ONE OF THE LARGEST PARTS


'. .

'7] On" 100 Years of Public Service :.. "'' .'' ,. ':."; ',

ii Buddy & Lorrie Dicandio ,:; : .):.:::,

,i "*J .'.. *>W *. c S .. r.' .


.i .- fSJ .

< FiQB
r -
fIrighterwood Stump Harvesting 9644126t :

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"I'"'!!'' !""'.-' '! ..'7""tA.bntk."." r ..., ". .... ., .. L.
: ''; .i1fl\ / 'J' ',1 ., ",, .
: .(. 1 ,1 ... '
t .. ; .
,";' "i- 1 .. ,..... r 'Y :2MILES, ;r NORTH OF 'r !' /." .". HWY. 301 N.
:6"'i f'1"V""i' ; '
(:.; W" 1 i For and Dependable' '.'\ -a: : ;BRADFORD CO. FAIRGROUNDS. STARKE. oi'u
: ; I ? '" .
.' -J'Utilization of your Stumpwood Resources. .

Ki"Si !:;' ,/: .. .,. ; : ... :.,.,, i; ,I

am-Ar ,.... ifE'M.r"'' ''.<.a; .", .....c'"\ . ,. I .,' ,- ., ... (':
'fil" "' ,

,> JtffeV;,'.:' "' .,, ....... ..... >( .... ., .. ... .. :; :'.r,. '- ,, ,'. t J.---' lAUGUST "\'"' _i.

,--, ......".,'., -..... .-.-.....-.-....-... ",," J.," .,. .-... .L.1.,. .r- .. -,i"--- -....-, -. -,--.. M"_.."",". _. _-"' -" il"W:." ,.. .. ". '" ..... "0. .... _. .. .. .--p. . ..... ''' . .

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---- ... -... .- __e' ._._______. ..

SIX.Section One

Political Fights Have Been Torrid at Times

Especially in the Al Smith vs. Hoover Campaign ,

"-""""" \ ..

state, but Bradford County remained -
From the very beginning, editorsof the people, who sounds forth the in the Democratic column.In Eugene S. Matthews, wrote:
The Telegraph have taken a keen trumpet that shall never call the
"Two ago people and thepapers
interest in politics. Based on the retreat; who knows the peoples' iJxj more recent years The years cried out for

belief that "the pen is mightier than rights and is determined to recon- Telegraph has editorially supported ''retrenchment". We got a little bit
the sword", they relished jousting quer them who points out the evilsof ( ,\ John F. Kennedy, L.B. Johnson of it and Judging from the contortions
with their fellow publishers over the our condition" but also suggeststhe j Jimmy Carter Walter Mondale and made in swallowing it,It was a
terms of "radical" and "conservative" remedies. / Michael very unsavory variety The

which were very much a Of Harrison, he said: "... the in all, The r.le< of the political language then representative of a would-be moderate/liberal, live and let live administration of the government.We .
Ert .as they are today, 110 years aristocracy who, with misrepresentation policy:! was never more clearly can trust to the giver of all good
and arguments that can weigh stated than in its issue of May 11, gifts and the Indian War claims to
In the third month of publication only with the most ignorant and 1894 when Gene Matthews' father, pull us through."
after its birth on July 26, 1879, the unreflecting of the population, seeksto
verbose founder of the paper. Col- defend and maintain a policy that
onel William Wyatt Moore, was would end in enslavement of the
engaged in acid argument with the masses, agrandisement of a i Florida Telegraph, Starke Telegraph,
editor of"The Patriot", believed to privileged few, and a final wipingout

have publication.been an The early Patriot Gainesville accused of our Union." Then Finally Bradford Co. TelegraphThe

When the election proved a victory
The Telegraph of casting a slur on
the Honorable Jacob Burkim (a self- for Harrison, The Telegraph consoled -
professed "stalwart radical") who itself by saying: "Cleveland's Telegraph started life in July 1879 as "The Florida
was a possible candidate for Con defeat is due to New York political Telegraph". Eight years later in 1887, the name was changed to
gress from the First District.At swappers who were willing to trade r "The Starke Telegraph", and In 1888 it received its final revisionand
that time The Telegraph the national ticket for their choice became as it is now, "The Bradford County Telegraph".
for Florida rolled
mayor. up
under its masthead the slogan, Democratic majority of over 13,000. In the issue of April 13, 1888, the new owner of the paper at that
"Conservative in Politics""con Our labors have not been in vain.We time, Mr. I.C. Webb, wrote the following statement, giving his
servatives" at that time being have done our share, and if others reasons for the change in name:
Democrats who were opposed to have failed, the fault is not ours."
harsh treatment of the South for I1
seceding from the Union. West Florida AnnexationThe .- ..- .. _. -
this issue of The Telegraph,we have adopted the above title.It .
The well-educated Col. Moore, summer of 1889 found the has been our intention to call our journal after the county which
who had served as Speaker of the state in bitter controversy over fostered it in its youth, and supported it as it has become older.
House in 1887 while a representativefrom whether West Florida should be an- Presidential Election Campaign
Columbia County which included nexed to the State of Alabama.The Was a Super Battle Royal At the time The Telegraph came under its present management, i
Starke at that time, pouredon Telegraph wrote: "Quite a there was published In Lake Butler a "Bradford County Times"making

the fluent language by responding number of the state press are it Impossible to call this paper by the same name.The word
thus to The Patriot's criticism: "We agitating the question of annexing "Starke" was simply adopted as a temporary heading till a
have seen some stalwart specimensof West Florida to Alabama. It seems hero's ability to win, The Telegraph favorable time should arrive to make the much desired change.
Roosevelt's !
the servile sycophant in time that the of finally third and fourth terms,
our city Pensacola, which gave up, saying "With the
but we do not remember to have wants to be the big city of Alabama, prospect so bright for Democratic The Telegraph castigated them for Our intention Is simply to make a county paper, one that will j
ever seen so much of the and Ocala, which wanted to be the success in 1912, Mr. Bryan will turning against Roosevelt after he benefit each and all parts of the county alike, while we have no intention -
had rescued the nation from the
quintessence of demogogism new state capital of Florida are the doubtless want the nomination once Starke in the least, but on the contrary, expectto
crowded into so small a space as is main movers in this matter. Shall more, but the party cannot afford to depression businesses,from and bankruptcy.He helped save. their help buildup by building up the county. It is Just one year ago
contained in the above paragraphfrom West Florida be annexed to commit suicide again for him." the 11th of this month, that we assumed entire control of this paper.It .
The Patriot." Alabama? We say most emphatically explained the paper's policy, has been run in a straight-forward, fearless manner, and met
Well at least words were less NOr! Florida is a great state; it World War II Looming saying: "Our continued and un- with success beyond our expectations. Our subscription list has
damaging than bullets, which would cannot afford to be divided. In unity Before the U.S. entered the broken support of the Democratic doubled; our job department is always crowded, and our columnsare
have Been used had the two editors there is strength. Let us stick maelstrom of World War II in Party is no mere matter of traditionfor always well filled with advertisements, for all of which we are
resorted to a duel.Throughout together." 1916-17, The Telegraph commended tradition's sake."We feel that we very grateful.The .
President Woodrow Wilson for urging have been carrying on with a deep-
editors its have 110 years New Owner Takes Over adequate defense for the coun rooted conviction that the great Telegraph is ten years old. It was started in Starke, has
supported Telegraph the Democratic consistently Party The Telegraph changed hands try. "It is becoming more apparentthat liberal policies of the Democratic grown up in Starke, and expects to grow grey in Starke. All attempts
and loyally boosted Florida, Starke again in 1893, but its political beliefs every civilized country on the Party are those that best serve the to down it will have the same effect that a baby would haveon
and Bradford County. It seldom fail- remained the same under the new globe will be drawn into the interests of the farmers and small" a brick house. We are the official paper of the county and the city
ed to become involved in political owner, Eugene S. Matthews. In the whirlpool of war before the great business men who read our paper. of Starke, and always expect to be.

contests whether on the state, national fired paper's June 9, 1899 issue, Matthews European struggle ends." In the memorable Eisenhower- As for the small matter of the tax sale list, the publishing of that

or local level, and let its the following broadside at a Catts and Knott BattleAn Stevenson campaign of 1952, The was settled two years ago, and we are heartily glad of it, as the
readers know, in no uncertain publisher of The take Butler Telegraph's editorials in support of Legislature has caused the pay to be so small that a printer could
terms, which candidates the paper Bulletin, who dared intimate that exciting and sometimes vicious the Democratic nominee received not make his salt setting it up.

felt should be elected.In friend the Republican of the masses Party:was "the real 8.v..w campaign___ .n".biviibiuii_for" Governor owajr ft..._:.. iiviii,__in_1916.tjic.._ took.war..__ wide letter the editor In ,a Adlai warm Stevenson personal And, lastly, we will say that The Telegraph will give all the news

discussing a forthcoming national "In troubles. In the Democratic primary expressed appreciation for one par- impartially, publish all communications of general interest and
election in the same July 26, Bulletin concluding that in an editorial, the State Treasurer W.V. Knott and ticular editorial defending Stevenson will continue, with your help, to still lead in Bradford County.We .
1896 the
1879 issue, Col. Moore wrote: The (meaning says the GOP) was the opposition real Sidney J. Catts, who passed himself from a scurrilous attack by thank you for your support in the past and solicit the same in
Republicans are preparing to makea friend of the masses. In this position off as a Baptist minister, vied for the Senator Joe McCarthy' using his the future and also the good will of your neighbor.
desperate struggle to regain the the Bulletin field party nomination. The Telegraph broad-brush smear tactics. I. C.WebbTIRE
power they have lost, but with unionin all its occupies a that is supported Knott, but Catts' earthy
our ranks, their will be own. No other Southern paper the Florida jentjor EJsenhowerj.gj}, .
struggle claiming to be Democratic oratory won over voters and the lii'l.cs j jl 1iI I. -J. .u .
is .
lost '
hopeless and so went for him I L. :'
real obstacleto county ,
we see no to 919 to 636. The ul" 111111IIII -" --
a of :
sense decency as to applaud ::
as united and enthusiastic a struggle the statewide vote was a photo finish, ,
party that made -
on the part of the Democracy as Reconstruction hell of however, with Catts getting 33,429
was made in 1876." possible. votes to 33,169 for Catts. Knott

The 1878 election referred to by Anti-Saloon FightOne demanded a recount, alleging he SPECIAL
Webb resulted in the election of of the most controversial the irregularities" in
George F. Drew, placing the issues in the state's history was process.
Democratic Party back in power, fought out in the fall of 1910 and The The slow county-by-county re-
after three Republican administra- Telegraph strongly supported the count began and there were chargesand
tions during Reconstruction years. Anti-Saloon Leaguers who cam- counter-charges by the can-
paigned to make the state dry. Mrs. didates and their supporters. Before i
Editors Play Hard BallIn D.E. Knight of WCTU (Woman's the November election, however,
1887,under the editorship of I.C. Christian Temperance Union) wrotea Catts incensed the State Democratic .
Webb, a northerner, but a series of letters to the paper on the Party to such an extent that he was
Democrat, The Telegraph was still same theme: "Whiskey destroys read out of the party in October,and
critical of Republicanssomething political parties, manhood, honor the state committee then endorsed \
it was destined to continue for many principle, virtue, intellect and all Knott.
\, years.In things that are pure and upright." Refusing to surrender Catts ran

answer to a Republican cam- But there were many who on an independent ticket in the
paign charge, Col. Webb wrote: disagreed with the AntiSaloonersand General Election and won by a large
the WCTU and they militantly plurality in the General Election. It
"Next to the theory that the fought the amendment. The Jasper had been a bitter campaign with I I II
Democrats are going to pay the News opposed the liquor ban saying Catts' supporters flaunting a : I
Rebel debt and pension the ex- if adopted "it wouldn't be 90 days slogan"Catts Will Tie a Knot in "
Confederates, perhaps the most before they would start a crusade Knott's Tail". And he did I C.O
popular of the old stand-bys for the against tobacco and coffee".
Republican and After the election, The Telegraph,
organs stump
speakers has been the claim that the The voters of Florida rejected the which had vigorously supported
Democrats favored polygamy in the amendment, and on Nov. 11. 1910 Knott, wished Mr. Catts well and ex-
expectations of converting the Ter- The Telegraph reported election. pressed hope that "Mr. Catts, the
ritory of Utah into a Democraticstate. returns for the county and state. governor, will not be as radical as
At the rate things are Bradford had been expected to vote Mr. Catts, the candidate." But the O
I ing, there won't be a splinter lefty dry by more than 250 votes, but to wish was not granted,and Catts soon -
1888 of that ancient view-with-alarm barely endorsed prohibition by 512 had the state tied up in knots (no pun
J 451
plank of the Republican platform." a narrow margin of 61. intended). He was even indicted
the vote was 24,506 for Bradford County for taking bribes
\ In the heated presidential election prohibition to 29,271 against. from prisoners to sign their pardons.In .
later that year, the paper went over-
board, as usual, for re-election of Bryan Couldn't WinIn the post-war years The
Democrat Grover Cleveland. In an spite of The Tele< editorial supporting the party support, the silver-tongued orator, Democratic presidential nomineesin
nominee, Col. Webb wrote: "On one William Jennings Bryan was the face of rabid opposition to the
I side, the man of the people and for defeated for the presidency in 1896, candidacy of Gov. Al Smith as the
1900 and 1908. Disillusioned with its party nominee in .1926, opposing
Republican nominee Herbert U.S. 301 N. 964-6600
Hoover. The paper was literally 1

Disloyal Clay County Democrats Smith crammed, the with first articles Catholic supporting to be ..{

I nominated for President, and also .r r
Were Exposed by Telegraph ReportThe an anti-prohibitionist.

On Oct. 8, 1928, a disturbed editor
Lawrence Offers
A MidSummer
wrote: "A few of The Telegraph' Mosley
presidential campaign of 1952 must be present for the transactionof erstwhile friends have fallen out
pitted Democratic nominee Adlai official business. with it during the present Tire Sale.
Stevenson against Republican campaign- to the extent of .
nominee, Dwight D. Eisenhower lack of questioned concerning the boycotting, because that would be
matter the
whose runnlngmate for the Vice quorum committee too un-American,but to the extent of
secretary "We
said talked
Presidential slot was Senator saying unpleasant things about the
it and
weren t sure,so we Just decided -
Richard Nixon of California. To these friendswe
paper. impetuous
to go ahead. It had all been
The Telegraph editor at that time carefully thought out beforehand have only to say that The
E.U (Gene) Matthews, a member ok, anyway." Telegraph was established as a WE HAVE ALL
the Bradford County Democratic Democratic paper, has always supported -
i Executive Committee, was Incensed The Tete' *raph'* editorial calledon the organized party,and proalways / .
when news broke that the Clay County the committee to meet again and bably will." TYPES
ratify the resolution.The .
Democrat Committee under the It blasted Republicans "for pour-
leadership of S. Bryan Jennings, a story about the Illegal en- leg, out money to carry on a cam-
large landowner of the dorsement was picked up by the pa jn against Smith (in the South) : OF: TIRES
I area,had met in Green Cove Springs Associated Press and appeared because of his religious faith and his
and endorsed the Republican team newspapers across the country. views on prohibition, while to the
' of Eisenhower/Nixon. Not only that, Florida's Democratic North they are vehemently declaring
a resolution adopted at the meeting campaign that neither prohibition nor
: called Stevenson "a close associate director also took Issue with UM Clay religion Is an issue In this

: .of the Fair-Deal bureaucracy and and committee's released Republican leanings campaign. But Hoover won the TRUCKS CARS CAMPERS BOATSAIR
statement the
: saying
such radicals as Alger Hiss, a convicted election and was blamed by many
: perjurer', committee "is. no longer In the Justly or unjustly, for steering the .. ..
representative of the .
nation Into the
Matthews had a friend on the Clay Democratic Party". He called the Big Depression. ",
:' County Committee who leaked the resolution "the most ill-advised, Ir- Under the ownership of E.L. "'.' -
::; news to him that the Jennings group responsible, impulsive, and Insane (Gene) Matthews, which began in CONDITIONING .
::: met and took Its action without apresent action ever taken by a supposedly 1932 the paper continued espousingthe We Balance ROTATE A
cr:: quan"n being In a front responsible group 1ft the State of Democratic cause and civic Im SPECXALu.* >
I page editorial The Telegraph said Florida". Jennings himself, admit- provements. An outspoken admirer Your Tires BALANCE ALL
I ::: .' .Its investigation showed the ted "there might be some questionas Franklin D. Roosevelt Matthews, To Check" .,&., J\gcbarge
:: County Committee bad acted with to a quorum" gave strong support to FDR In all .Syatt=m.: '. TIRES
:.: ;. only tin members and one proxy The committee subsequently met- four of successful campaigns for FREEtfPiuehuedrrcmUif

I ::: ;'. vote on band. There were 22 this time with a quorumand Prelideat.Wbea .$ ()O. '
:: members $2000PAGE
-:: 'I' of the committee at that withdrew its endorsement of the some Democrats began to (

time, and Florida statutes provide Elsenhower/Nixon ticket. stray from! the fold in protest against
r' that a majority of the membership

-. -

... ", --. ''''!' '1'. ..w..J' r ( 1 I, ,




continued to-publish T*< Enterprisefor -

Starke Once 17 year, merging with The
I \, Had a Morning Daily Courier in 1943 his after World War II "
had wrecked mechanical aaA..
But It reportorial force. 4 'j
t1f Had a Very Brief Life In 1935 Prewitt was appointed-z

postmaster at Plant City and con ?
Z.." In the days when a neW tinued in that capacity until 1953 O
could be started with newspaper Powell dropped out of The Ad- when age limit forced him into
up "a tomato vocate partnership In 1899 and automatic retirement. He continued
can full of Ink and
a full Avery Powell
shotbag of
type" at least three Prewitt continued singlehandedlyuntil with some writing and contributed /rd
other 1900 when the paper was leasedto several articles about early days in
newspapers came and went In Starke for the of Starke's
Starke. in M.E. Tison who came from City 100th
Telegraph. competition- The Georgia During his tenure be ventured Anniversary issue of The Telegraph
The three that to issue a tabloid-size daily In 1957. .
documented were well paper called The Starke Morning The Advocate was sold in 1900 tQ
.i werE! The Index, The ) It the Goolsby family and
;, East Florida rrald. was well received, but soon
Florida Courier, and The Tison was addicted to alcohol which thereafter E.S. Matthews paid them
p Advocate. spelled failure for him and his daily. several hundred dollars on condition
:: what is now Union County The Herald lasted just a few months. that they would move it out of town.
: also
.d was until a part of Bradford County Powell and Prewitt joined forces They accepted the offer and took

... petition 1921, from The Telegraph had com- again after Tison left. Rev. Corr had what little equipment The Advocatehad
several papers taken back Hodges' equity in the to Wauchula where they set up
Co' Butler published from!fW time at Lake paper and Prewitt advised him that and continued publishing a paper
and even be (Prewitt) felt that Starke could they still called The Advocate.A iO
Johnstown a little settlement that r i- not support two newspapers pro-
once existed between Lake Butler fitably. Few News Items

and Raiford. There was even a Powell eventually went to a paperin From The Courier, 188889S.J. :
paper at Hampton. Lake Butler, and on to the
The Temple of Temple's Mill Is
competing Starke papers
editorial department of the Florida having the lumber cut out for the
were The Index The East Florida who later gained fame Man
Times Union, where he wrote a
new depot. It will be frame work,on
Courier and
Florida Weekly Advocate editorial "paragrapher" oa popular column of short paragraphs the style of the Gainesville depot. He
founded by a Baptist The Florida Tbne-t7nlon, WASPrewitt' dally. Prewitt later settled In Waldo will also build a number of real nice
minister, Rev. P.W. Corr,who had a where he published a weekly paper, section houses for the
penchant for starting a newspaper in : partner on The Waldo Enterprise. Later he was Mrs. W.F. Edwards wishes to
every town where he had a church. Advocate. with the Gainesville Sun for a know the whereabouts of her son,
Not much Is known of The IndeX decade, including five years as city Thomas J. Swearington. He will
nor the Courier,and they apparently story brick building near the editor. make his mother very happy by
soon faded from the scene, as the railroad on Call Street which then Although rivals In business coming home at once. State papers c11'iz-
town of Starke was hardly large housed the post office on the ground Prewitt and Matthews remained please copy.Quite .
enough to support one paper, much' floor.Hodges,a rather flambouyant good friends and would help each a disturbance occurred on
less two or three. figure, equipped his office also on other out in time of need.During the the night express from Jacksonville
The Advocate, however had a the ground floor so he could more years that Matthews served in the Thursday. During the melee E.
longer and more interesting! life, easily; gather news,and Installed the State Legislature, Prewitt would Wynn of this place received a painful
although Rev.Corr soon moved on to printing plant upstairs. A speaking assist HE.: Lager ren, a local knife wound.
another church and another tube connected him with the surveyor who sometimes pinchhitas Fine apple cider at Mitchell's'
newspaper. The Advocate was pur- mechanical department. reporter and editor of The stand on the R.R. Wharf.
chased in 1897 by T.R. (Texas) Young Prewitt thought it looked Telegraph during Matthews' The fleas that are perambulatingthe O
Hodges, who entered journalism at like a promising set-up, but in the absence. streets of Starke are large
age 17 as owner and editor of a week months following the sinking of the The Telegraph at that time was enough to go to school.
ly newspaper at Cedar Key anotherone Main in Havana Harbor, war with printed on a "job" press, which The best dinner ever served In
.! that Rev. Glory own- Spain broke out and caused businessto could print only a single page at a Starke for 25 cents. People's
ed during his ministry. When Corr slow down in Starke. Hodges had time. It required a great deal of Restaurant on the R.R. Wharf.
moved from Hampton to Monticello. started publishing twice a week in hand press work, and also a great Mumbley peg is getting to be a
he convinced Hodges that he should deal of folding and unfolding each
the hope of outdoing The Telegraph/ popular game among the young peo
have a larger field for his jour- but he soon found there was not sheet of paper, since only one side
nalistic talents and persuaded him enough advertising to support a could be printed at a time. ple.The ladies saywhy don'tthe
young n?
to buy The Advocate,which was be- semi-weekly. In fact, he had about At that time, The Advocate was a young gentlemen get up a picnic.A AGENTS WANTED
ing published twice a week at that enough of the newspaper businessand step ahead, using a
time. soon leased the paper to Prewitt Washington hand-press which would crowd of boys, while playing IW1NCIIU.DI
Fenton W. Prewitt was a and G. Powell, Starke take two pages at a time, cutting near Alligator Creek last Monday, UWB SirUn ueScMea.Humck
Avery a
newspaperman who began his native with a for press time in half. saw an eel in the water, about two &:alaI,., Cup Ckaln u4 s....*.
career at the age of ten when he ing. yen news gather- Prewitt observed that Mr. feet deep,which was 5 or In.lrg T......WM BoulM. etc.

found some hand type in a burnedout In 1898 Powell and Prewitt moved Lagergren, while jovial enough at Unfortunately it was not capture
building in Tavares and started times and humorous in his writings,
the plant from the post office } We would be pleased to have the Agent euily LakeS
printing a neighborhood newspaper building to the second floor of would> never fail to down-grade
a large of
The Little Hustler". frame structure on the southwest anyone or any move which might young men Starke organize $ TO S1O PER DAY.
Prewitt arrived in Starke in the corner of Call and Walnut Streets, lead to bringing another printing themselves into a military company.
fall of 1897 expecting to go to work later the site of the Bradford County plant into the Starke territory.In Between Starke and Lawtey lies A Will uruuh
for Rev. Corr, and was surprised to Bank which was succeeded by the 1916 Prewitt joined the Plant Ci- the finest land In the State for sample at reduced
find that The Advocate was being FloridaBank at Starke, and is now ty Courier for nine years, and then strawberry culture. It is table land : price to those deairiiigfcgoicr.
sold to Hodges. used by the C.R. Smith accounting established a new paper, The Plant and lies exactly right to suit this Uxcliuin: territory
The paper was located in a twoTelegraph firm. City Enterprise a semi-weekly. He delicious fruit.J. : &iCI. Add ivay

Chas. Richard has sold his : .:_ ..... ,......,. Ca.,
orange grove beyond Alligator --, r. ...- ---... .
I Now Occupies Building Creek for 16 thousand dollars. _m."I"CIec

Capt. H.S. Grimes of the Steamer Persons wishing to take an agency to buy our goods will calla 1
Where Town Marshal Fatally ShotA Alert, which plies between Waldo 0: or address M. R. LIDDON, State Agent Starke Fir.t .
and Melrose was in the city Sunday.

City Marshal was murdered ,.
: '" 1 ', during a bar room brawl in J.D. .disturbance. In the general hubbub'thaM Mr. Jones was a native of Starke
b >U ? and 27 of His remains .
was .
ftr the ;4 ""- "J years age. --
arresi'the'entire" 4" .
on Can ree 'b(- pat't'y.titt; fieTwas"shot were laid to rest Saturday afternoonat fI'' I h r M
tury. The red brick building later twice by a pistol, one of the Crosby Cemetery, the funeral be-
became the home of The Telegraph bullets entering his left side,and the ing conducted by Elder W.F. NEWMETHODCLEANERS
after open saloons were voted out of other, entering his back, passing Malphun. He is survived by a wife
Starke in 1905, and the building was through the liver. and two small children. .
purchased by E.S. Matthews, ownerof
the paper at that time. *

The saloons of those days were Jerre Wills was the son of highly
notorious nuisances, the scene of L respected Circuit Judge J.T. Wills, -
many fights, brawls, and even which may or may not have had
murders,and the women of the town something to do with the coroner's
hesitated to pass by one for fear of jury verdict absolving him from .
being accosted by one of the town blame. This murder, however, and
other such incidents no doubt had an
drThe influence on an election held in 1905 '
murder of Marshal Jeff Jones The wounded man was at once when voters turned thumbs down on Congratulates the
took place at the bar in Crabb's taken up and removed to the Starke open saloons in Starke. Telegraph
saloon, approximately where The House where Dr.A.H. Freeman did editorials favored getting rid of the
Telegraph's linotype stood for years, everything possible to stay the handof saloons,although merchants of that Bradford Telegraphon
and nervous operators, hearing death, but the patient was beyond time feared that closing them would
strange, noises in the building at recall and died Friday afternoon at 4 "ruin their business" in Starke. their
night, usually attributed them to the o'clock' E.S. Matthews argued that
"ghost"of the murdered man. Suspicion pointed to Jerre S.Willsas
saloons would actually help
who fired the shots banning 'P
the '
The story of Jones' murder Is told and being he was one arrested and lodged! in business in Starke because some llOth !
in the November 27,.1903 issue of The jail, charged with the shooting of people were actually afraid to shop of
Telegraph: downtown on Saturdays because
k shootouts. He bet merchant J.M.
ACTING. NIGHT MARSHAL After the death of Jones, Justice Alvarez a year's subscription
KILLED IN SALOON Sweat, acting coroner, summoned a against a new hat that his business
Jeff Jones,serving as acting night jury of inquest to investigate the would benefit after the saloons were
;" marshal, was shot twice and mortally Red- matter.A large number of witnesses banned.Matthews won the bet. A Special "Thanks" to all of our customers for
wounded in J.D.Crabb's were examined by the jury, and
After losing the election,
Light Saloon last Thursday night.' :_.4. Wills was exonerated, a verdict being owner JD. Crabb left town in their past patronage and the opportunity to
Between 11 and 12 o'clock several returned Saturday afternoon to disgust and Matthews purchased the
persons were in the saloon on W.Call the effect that Jones came to his red brick building and moved The serve you in the future.
Street talking and drinking,and 101" -. ,death by gunshot wounds at the Telegraph in. It is still a part of the
meone fired a pistol.Jones had gone>J hands of a person or persons present Telegraph building.
to the saloon to investigate they* unknown. Please visit us1;'.at'bur newly renovated facility
.. .
located at 311 ;N. Temple Ave., (U.S. 301)) for the

liOtliAnniversary, Specials past 50 plus"years.

In With
The Telegraph's 11O Celebration

are Offering
I' -'r...' .
':';" Selected' on
Tool Sale I l:. -'--HOMEA Special

'.. ....1.i -

1O% off SUPPLM sNT25off; ,"" ..

......,;...0.1 ,'( U.S. 301 .,

1L Suntec Paint

'" '/t.
LOOff Customer I ;

} DrJ.v. :; ;METHOD Parking =

Thru :tLEANERS ::

,I 1" f '
Accessories '
:;: ,P'

.' 10OJ "o'it- ; ,', r"d J
:. I
1r..." .

.. Garden Supplies II 4a'emE )., : "'.:.1 0
( "" ,t'n T. .d tl'"I4' AVE. ,: ,
tyxa ,
., ;" ':. .. I ..
'. '."1... \ .
;' '\V'j')./.. d "

.. '_ .'
: :$ 84-6163 '.. '
3O1 E. CALL STREET eo STARKE, Fir .14.

,- -
r .. .. ,

11 'J"'''', .' ::,' i ....... ".... .. .' ,' ... ..:. '" r '. ..L<<.",,'W.. .' '" I .<"" ... .. ... ..... .


-- ....__ __... _. .. -u. ''_



Political Fights Have Been Torrid at Times,

w, Especially in the Al Smith vs. Hoover. Campaign

state, but Bradford County remained
From the very beginning, editorsof the people, who sounds forth the in the Democratic column.In Eugene S. Matthews, wrote:
The Telegraph have taken a keen trumpet that shall never call /, / "Two years ago the people and thepapers
Interest in politics. Based on the retreat; who knows the peoples' ; more recent years, The cried out for '
belief that "the pen is mightier than rights and is determined to recon- Telegraph has editorially Johnson ''retrenchment". We got a little bit I
the sword", they relished jousting quer them, who points out the evilsof John F. Kennedy, L.B. and of it and. Judging from the contor- I
with their fellow publishers over the our condition, but also suggeststhe Jimmy Carter Walter Mondale, tions made in swallowing it, it was a '
terms of "radical" and "conser remedies." Michael Dukakis.All : very unsavory variety The I

vative" which were very much a Of Harrison, he said: "... the \t (1N5 in all, The Telegraph'/ Telegraph now believes In a liberal I
part of the political language then representative of a would-be moderate/liberal live and let live administration of the government.We I
Just as they are today, 110 years aristocracy who with misrepresentation policy was never more clearly can trust to the giver of all goodgifts I
later. and arguments that can weigh stated than in its issue of May 11, and! the Indian War claims to

In the third month of publication, only with the most ignorant and 1894 when Gene Matthews' father, pull us through." I

after its birth on July 26, 1879, the unreflecting of the population, seeksto
verbose founder of the paper Colonel defend and maintain a policy that i
William Wyatt Moore, was would end in enslavement of the kflj Starke
Florida Telegraph
engaged in acid argument with the masses, agrandisement of a Telegraph, ,
editor of "The Patriot", believed to privileged few, and a final wipingout
have been an early Gainesville of our Union." Then Finally Bradford Co. Telegraph I

publication. The Patriot accused When the election proved a victory \
The Telegraph of casting a slur on ''
for Harrison The l
the Honorable Jacob Burkim (a self- ed itself by, saying: "Cleveland's The Telegraph started life in July 1879 as "The Florida I
professed "stalwart radical") who Telegraph". Eight later, in 1887 the to :
defeat is due to New York political years name was changed
was a possible candidate for Con- swappers who were willing to trade "The Starke Telegraph", and in 1888 it received its final revision
gress from the First District. the national ticket for their choicefor and became, as It is now, "The Bradford County Telegraph".

At that time, The Telegraph car- mayor. Florida rolled up a #M1 In the issue of April 13, 1888, the new owner of the paper at that
ried under its masthead the slogan, Democratic majority of over 13,000. time, Mr. I.C. Webb, wrote the following statement, giving his
"Conservative in Politics""con- been in vain. We
Our labors have not reasons for the change in name:
servatives" at that time being have done our share, and if others .
Democrats who were opposed to have failed, the fault is not ours." 9L :_ _
harsh treatment of the South for BRADFORD COUNTY TELEGRAPHWith
seceding from the Union. West Florida AnnexationThe this issue of The Telegraph,we have adopted the above title.It .

The well-educated Col.! Moore, summer of 1889 found the has been our intention to call our journal after the county which
who had served as Speaker of the state in bitter controversy over fostered it in its youth, and supported it as it has become older.
House in 1887 while a representativefrom whether West Florida should be annexed 1928 Presidential Election CampaignWas At the time The Telegraph came under its present management,
Columbia County, which included to the State of Alabama.The a Super Battle Royalhero's there was published in Lake Butler a "Bradford County Times"

Starke at that time, pouredon Telegraph wrote: "Quite a making it impossible to call this paper by the same name.The word"Starke"
of the
number state
the fluent language by respondingthus press
heading till a
was simply adopted as a temporary
to The Patriot's criticism: "We agitating the question of annexing
favorable time should arrive to make the much desired change.
have seen some stalwart specimensof west Florida to Alabama. It seems ability to win The Telegraph Roosevelt's third and! fourth terms,
the servile sycophant in our time, that the city of Pensacola, which finally gave up, saying "With the The castigated them for
Telegraph that will
but we do not remember to have wants to be the big city of Alabama, prospect so bright for Democratic turning against Roosevelt after he Our intention is simply to make a county paper, one
in 1912 Mr. benefit each and all parts of the county alike, while we have no intention
ever seen so much of the and Ocala, which wanted to be the success Bryan will had rescued the nation from the
quintessence of demogogism, new state capital of Florida, are the doubtless want the nomination once and their of slighting Starke in the least, but on the contrary, expectto
crowded into so small a space as is main movers in this matter. Shall more, but the party cannot afford to depression businesses,from bankruptcy.He helped help build It up by building up the county. It is just one year ago,
contained in the above paragraph West Florida be annexed to commit suicide again for him." the 11th of this month, that we assumed entire control of this paper.It .
from The Patriot." Alabama? We say most emphatically explained the paper's policy, has been run in a straight-forward, fearless manner, and met
NO! Florida is a great state; it World War II Looming saying: "Our continued and un- with success beyond our expectations. Our subscription list has
Well, at least, words were less cannot afford to be divided. In unity Before the U.S. entered the broken support of the Democratic doubled; our job department is always crowded, and our columnsare
damaging than bullets, which would there is strength. Let us stick maelstrom of World War II in Party is no mere matter of traditionfor always well filled with advertisements, for all of which we are
have been used had the two editors
together." 1916-17, The Telegraph commended tradition's sake. "We feel that we very grateful.The .
resorted to a duel.Throughout President Woodrow Wilson for urg- have been carrying on with a deep-

its 110 years, New Owner Takes Over ing adequate defense for the coun- rooted conviction that the great Telegraph is ten years old. It was started in Starke, has
Telegraph editors have consistently The hands try. "It is becoming more apparentthat liberal policies of the Democratic grown up in Starke, and expects to grow grey in Starke. All at-
supported the Democratic Party, again in Telegraph 1893, but its changed political", beliefs every civilized country on the Party are those that best serve the tempts to down it will have the same effect that a baby would haveon
and loyally boosted Florida, Starke, remained the same under the new globe will be drawn into the interests of the farmers and small" a brick house.We are the official paper cf) the county and the city
and Bradford County. It seldom fail- owner, Eugene S. Matthews. In the whirlpool of war before the great business men who read our paper. of Starke, and always expect to be.

ed to become involved in political paper's June 9, 1899 issue, Matthewsfired European struggle ends." In the memorable Eisenhower- As for the small matter of the tax sale list, the publishing of that
contests, whether on the state, national the following broadside at a Stevenson campaign of 1952, The was settled two years ago, and we are heartily glad of it, as the
or local level, and let its rival publisher of The Lake Butler Catts and Knott BattleAn Telegraph' editorials in support of Legislature has caused the pay to be so small that a printer could
readers know, in no uncertain Bulletin, who dared intimate that exciting and sometimes vicious the Democratic nominee received not make his salt setting it up.
terms, which candidates the paper campaign for Governor in 1916 took
the Republican was "the real wide attention. a warm personal
felt should be elected.In friend of the masses1': some attention away from the war letter to the editor, Adlai Stevenson And, lastly, we will say that The Telegraph will give all the news
impartially, publish all communications of general interest and
troubles. In the Democratic
primary for
discussing a forthcoming na- "In concluding an editorial, the State Treasurer W.V. Knott and expressed ticular editorial appreciation defending one Stevenson par-- will continue, with your help, to still lead in Bradford County.We .
tional election in the same July 26,
Bulletin says that in 1896 the opposition J. Catts who thank for in the ,and solicit the same in
1879 issue, Col. Moore wrote: "The Sidney passed himselfoff from a scurrilous attack by you your support past
(meaning the GOP) was the real minister vied his the future and also the will of neighbor.
are preparing to makea as a Baptist for the Senator Joe McCarthy' using good your
Republicans friend of the masses. In this positionthe
nomination. The tactics. I.C.WebbTIRE
party Telegraph broad-brush smear
desperate struggle to regain the
Bulletin occupies a field that is
power they have lost, but with unionin all its own. No other Southern paper oratory supported won Knott over, the but voters Catts'and earthy the Florida.3''Ct.!fPr...ri enhowJ5J1 l 1 I u7hrlR I.. ,' .,, .. ,j(
our ranks, their struggle will be claiming to be Democratic Is so lost I .. Y- ___ :-
county went for him 919 to 636. The,
hopeless,and we see no real obstacleto to a sense of decency as to applaudthe statewide vote was a photo finish, ..
as united and enthusiastic a strug-
party that made the hell of
however, with Catts
getting 33,429
gle on the part of the Democracy as Reconstruction possible."
votes to 33,169 for Catts. Knott
was in
demanded a recount, alleging he
The 1876 election referred to by Anti-Saloon FightOne observed "certain irregularities" in SPECIAL
Webb resulted in the election of of the most controversial the counting process.
i ii
George F. Drew, placing the issues in the state's history was
Democratic Party back in power, fought out in the fall of 1910 and The The slow county-by-county re-
after three Republican administra- Telegraph strongly supported the count began and there were charges '
tions during Reconstruction years. Anti-Saloon Leaguers who cam- and counter-charges by the can-
paigned to make the state dry. Mrs. didates and their supporters. Before

Editors Play Hard BallIn D.EKnight of WCTU (Woman's the November election, however, illiII
ll .
Cotta incensed the State Democratic t.
Christian Temperance Union) wrotea
1887 under the editorship of I.C.
series of letters to the paper on the Party to such an extent that he was
Webb, a northerner, but a same theme: "Whiskey destroys read out of the party in October, and
,, Democrat, The Telegraph was still political parties, manhood, honor, the state committee then endorsed .
critical Republicans- somethingit principle, virtue, intellect and all Knott.
was destined to continue for many
things that are pure and upright." Refusing to surrender Catts ran

years.In But there were many who on an independent ticket in the
answer to a Republican cam- disagreed with the AntiSaloonersand General Election and won by a large
paign charge, Col. Webb wrote: the WCTU and they militantly plurality in the General Election. It

"Next to the theory that the fought the amendment. The Jasper had been a bitter campaign with ,
Democrats are going to pay the News opposed the liquor ban saying Catts' supporters flaunting a t
Rebel debt and pension the ex- if adopted "it wouldn't be 90 days slogan"Catts Will Tie a Knot in n
Confederates, perhaps the most before they would start a crusade Knott's Tail". And he did!

popular of the old stand-bys for the against tobacco and coffee". After the election, The Telegraph,

Republican organs and stump The voters of Florida rejected the which had vigorously supported
speakers has been the claim that the amendment, and on Nov. 11 1910 Knott,wished Mr.Catts well and ex-
Democrats favored polygamy in the The Telegraph/ reported election, pressed hope that "Mr. Catts, the ..
expectations of converting the Ter- returns for the county and state. governor, will not be as radical as
ritory of Utah into a Democraticstate. Bradford had been expected to vote Mr. Catts, the candidate." But the
At the rate things are now going dry by more than 250 votes, but it wish was not granted,and Catts soon
there won't be a splinter left by barely endorsed prohibition by 512 to had the state tied up in knots (no pun
1888 of that ancient view-with-alarm" 451, a narrow margin of 61. intended). He was even indicted in
l plank of the Republican platform. Statewide the vote was 24,506 for Bradford County for taking bribes

In the heated presidential election prohibition to 29,271 against. from prisoners to sign their pardons.In .

later that year, the paper went over the The
Bryan Couldn't WinIn post-war years,
board, as usual, for re-election of Telegraph continued its support of MOSLEY TIRE CO.
of The
Democrat Grover Cleveland. In an spite Telegraph'strong Democratic presidential nominees
support, the silver-tongued orator,
editorial supporting the party William Jennings Bryan in the face of rabid opposition to the
nominee, Col. Webb wrote: "On one was
of Gov. Al Smith the
candidacy as
defeated for the presidency in 1896,
side, the man of the people and for
1900 and 1908. Disillusioned with its party nominee in 1926,
Republican nominee Herbert U.S. 301 N. 964-6600

Hoover. The paper was literally t
crammed with articles supporting .i

Disloyal Clay County Democrats Smith, the first Catholic to be I
i nominated for President, and also

Were Exposed by Telegraph ReportThe an anti-prohibitionist.

On Oct. 6, 1928, a disturbed editor Lawrence Mosley Offers A MidSummer
I wrote: "A few of The Telegraph'

: The presidential campaign of 195:2 I must be present for the transaction erstwhile friends have fallen out Tire Sale.
pitted Democratic nominee Adla:I I of official business. with it during the present .
campaign- to the extent of
Stevenson against Republican I 1 When questioned concerning the
because that would be
nominee, Dwight D. Eisenhower,, lack of quorum matter, the committee -
too un-American, but to the extent of
whose runningmate for the Vice secretary said, "We talked aboutit saying unpleasant things about the
Presidential slot was Senator and weren t sure, so we Just decid- y
To these friendswe
Richard Nixon of California.The paper. impetuous S
ed to go ahead. It had all been
have to that The :
only say ,
carefully thought out beforehand WE HAVE ALLTYPES
Telegraph editor at that time Telegraph was established as a
E.L. (Gene) Matthews,a member ofthe anyway. Democratic paper, has always supported 1 1 ..rj

Bradford County Democratic The Telegraph'/ editorial called the organized party and probably r
Executive Committee, was incensed on the committee to meet again and always will."
when news broke that the Clay County ratify the resolution.The .
It blasted "for
Republicans -
Democrat Committee, under the pourIng
leadership of S. Bryan Jennings, a story about the illegal endorsement out money to carry on a cam-
Urge landowner of the Middleburgarea was picked up try the because Smith (in the South) OP TIRES
,had met in Green Cove Springs Associated Press and appeared of his religious faith and his xl
and endorsed the Republican team newspapers across the country.Florida's views on prohibition, while in the II'
North they are vehemently declaring -
Elsenhower/Nixon. Not that
only Democratic campaign
a resolution adopted at the meeting director also took issue with the Clay religion that neither Is an issue prohibition In this nor : ,' Ji.' ,

.: called Stevenson "a close associate committee' Republican leaning camP8i ." But Hoover won the TRUCKS CARS CAMPERS BOATS
,a .of the Fair-Deal bureaucracy ands and released a statement saying the e1ect1onand was blamed by many,
; Mich radical Alger Hiss, a convicted committee "is no longer in the Justly or unjustly, for Steering the .. ..
:: perjurer"
lightest representative of the nation into the Big Depression. f'AIRCONDrnQNING- ",. '
Matthews had a friend on the Clay Democratic Party". He called the ,st
: Committee who leaked the resolution "the most ill-advised. Irresponsible Under the ownership of E.L.
: news him that the Jennings group Impulsive, and insane (Gene) Matthews, which began in We Balance
:;: met and took iU action without aquorum action ever taken by a supposedly 1933, the paper continued espousingthe ROTATE &:
: being In front responsible group in the State of Democratic cause and civic improvement SPECIAL r
present. a Your Tires BALANCE ALL
F1o ida". Jennings himself, admitted *. An outspoken admirer barge
J editorial The said
T .;'-; Its MM Investigation snowed Telegraph the Clay "there might be som. question of Franklin D. Roosevelt- Matthews, To Check,&, .. c :11U!8

r ; ::: CountT Committee had acted with sate a quorum" gave strong support to FDR in all .SystCm! .. '. ; FREE''
a : : only tea members and one proxy The committee subsequently met- four of his successful campaign for $

::: vote on hand. There were 22 this time with a quorumand President. 800 irebased + $2000
t fom
:-: <(>members of the committee at that withdrew its endorsement of the When some Democrat began to Of t Uri

i time, and florid statutes provide Elsenhower/Nixon ticket. itray from! the fold in protect against
'. that a majority of the membership

a 7 ,

_._-- -' ,.. "" -- -- ----_._-

o. 0
r ri

PAGE SEVEN. Sn-tlmi(>iu'

continued to publish 1->; Enteprl--;; -

Starke Once Had for 17 yean merging It with The
\ a Morning Daily Courier in 1943. after World War II
I had wrecked his 'r :

}:1 r But It Had a Very Brief Life reportorial postmaster In 1935 Prewitt Plant was City rO

rp In the tinued in that capacity
> days when a I
: could be started with newspaper" Powell dropped out of The Advocate when age limit forced ..
,#;' can full of Ink and up "a tomato partnership in 1899 and automatic retirement. He i,
a shotbag full of Avery Powell
type" at least Prewitt continued singlehandedlyuntil with some writing and 'iri
other 1900 when the paper was leasedto several articles about _
Starke newspapers, in came and went in M.E.!: Tison who came from Starke for the City of i
Telegraph./ competition to The Georgia. During his tenure he ventured Anniversary issue of The
The three to Issue a tabloid-size daily in 1957. ,
were well paper called The Starke Morning The Advocate was sold
:.. documented Eo.t Florida were The Index. The Herald. It was well received, but the Goolsby family O
n Florida Courier, and The Tison was addicted to alcohol which thereafter E.S. Matthews ---ti
Advocate. spelled failure for him and his daily. several hundred dollars on
c what is now Union County The Herald lasted just a few months. that they would move it
: .d was until also a part of Bradford County Powell and Prewitt Joined forces They accepted the offer / % \k4.
1921, The Telegraph had com- again after Tison left.Rev. Corr had what little equipment The /
c petition from several papers taken back Hodges' equity in the had to Wauchula where
: published from time to time at Lake
paper and Prewitt advised him that and continued publishing
Johnstown Butler Raiford, and even be (Prewitt) felt that Starke could they still called The
a little settlement that sj not support two newspapers profitably /
once existed between Lake Butler I A Few News Items 1 y
and Raiford. There was even a _- Powell eventually went to a paperin From The Courier, (
paper at Hampton. Lake Butler and to the
on ,
S.J. of
The competing Starke papers editorial department of the Florida Temple I IV
having the lumber
were The Index. The East Florida who later gained fame ** Times Union, where he wrote a new depot. It will be cut frame /
Courier, and the Florida Weekly Advocate an editorial "parafrapher" on popular column 0/short paragraphs the style of the Gainesville
founded by a Baptist The Florida Times-Union, wasPrewltt's daily. Prewitt later fettled In Waldo will also build a number of
minister, Rev. P.W.Corr, who had a The where he published a weekly paper, section houses for the L
penchant for starting a newspaper in partner on The Waldo/ Enterprise.. Later he was Mrs. W.F. Edwards
.every town where he had a church. Advocate. with \the Gainesville Sun for a know the whereabouts of
Not much is known of The Index decade, including five years as city Thomas J. Swearington.
nor the Courier,and they apparently story brick building near the editor. make his mother very
soon faded from the scene, as the railroad on Call Street which then Although rivals in business coming home at once.
town of Starke was hardly large housed the post office on the gravid Prewitt and Matthews remainedgood please copy.Quite .
enough to support one paper, much floor. Hodges,a rather flambouyant friends and would help each a disturbance
less two or three. other out in time of need.During the the
figure, equipped his office also on night express from Sunday.'r -
The Advocate, however, had a the ground floor so he could more years that Matthews served in the Thursday. During the -bO +
longer and more interesting life, easily: gather news,and installed the State Legislature, Prewitt would Wynn this place received
although Rev. Corr soon moved on to printing plant upstairs. A speaking assist H.E. Lager ren, a local knife wound.
another church and another tube connected him with the surveyor( who sometimes pinch-hit Fine apple cider at '
newspaper. The Advocate was pur- mechanical department. as reporter and editor of The stand on the R.R. Wharf.
chased in 1897 by T.R. (Texas) Young Prewitt thought it looked Telegraph during Matthews' The fleas that are O
Hodges, who entered journalism at like a promising set-up, but in the absence.The the streets of Starke
age 17 as owner and editor of a week months following the sinking of the Telegraph/ at that time was enough to go to school.
ly newspaper at Cedar Key, another Main in Havana Harbor, war with printed rlnt a "job" page ca The best dinner ever y.ttvI
one of the chain that Rev. Corr own- Spain broke out and caused businessto could only a single at Starke for 25 cents.
ed during his ministry. When Corr slow down in Starke. Hodges had time. It required a great deal of Restaurant on the R.R.
moved from Hampton to Monticello started publishing twice a week In hand press) work, and also a great Mumbley peg is getting
he convinced Hodges that he should the hope of outdoing The Telegraph/ deal ol folding and unfolding each popular game among the
have a larger field for his jour- but he soon found there was not sheet cf) paper, since only one side
nalistic talents and persuaded him enough advertising to support a could be printed at a time. ple.The ladies
to buy The Advocate, which was be- semi-weekly. In fact, he had about At that time, The Advocate was a the young young gentlemen say-get up AGENTS WANTED
ing published twice a week at that enough of the newspaper business step ahead, using a George -
time. and soon leased the paper to Prewitt Washington hand-press which would A crowd of boys,
Fenton W. Prewitt was a and Avery G. Powell, a Starke take two pages at a time, cutting near Alligator Creek last IUDIS Uwm 31n ueSctton.BuMck
newspaperman who began his native with a for news gather- press time in half. saw an eel in the water, Ctoln. Cmf Ckiln sad StoU.
career at the age of ten when he Ing. yen Prewitt observed that Mr. feet deep,which was 5 or 6 ......, tables W.*k Bcacko. Etc.egmts .
found some hand type in a burnedout In 1898 Powell and Prewitt moved Lagergren, while jovial enough at Unfortunately it was not
building in Tavares and started times and humorous in his writings,
the plant from the post office would We would be pleased to easily cult
printing a neighborhood newspaper building to the second floor of a large never fail to down-grade of Starke
called The Little Hustler". frame structure on the southwest anyone or any move which might young men $5 TO $10 PER DAY
themselves into
Prewitt arrived in Starke in the corner of Call and Walnut Streets, lead to bringing another printing a military
fall of 1897 expecting to go to work later the site of the Bradford County plant into the Starke territory.In Between Starke and Will furuuh
for Rev. Corr, and was surprised to Bank:, which was succeeded by the 1916 Prewitt joined the Plant CI- the finest land in the : ample at redurxdprices -
find that The Advocate ty Courier for nine and then to those tleairlug
was being Florida Bank at Starke, and is now years strawberry culture. It is
sold to Hodges. used by the C.R. Smith accounting established a new paper, The Plant and lies exactly right to 410107. ItxcliulT,UrritcnyffivCtt
The paper was located in a twoTelegraph firm. City Enterprise, a semi-weekly. He delicious fruit. JkdtlpM0MUOVU.M.>

J. Chas. Richard has CI..... Isrdea-ilari c..
Now orange grove beyond -- -:::::==-_ .
I Occupies Building Creek for 16 thousand oecau..c.oo"

Capt. H.S. Grimes of the Persons wishing to take an agency or to buy our goods will call

Where Town Marshal Fatally ShotA and Alert Melrose, which was plies In the between city I or address M. R. LIDDON, State Agent, Starke, Fla.

City Marshal was murdered .
during a bar room brawl in J.D. disturbance. In the general hutxbub': Mr. Jones was a native of Starke St =. 1 t"w''r

Mr thteStu '"HhaMoUM"' -JeneA'tnreatened" + to .,,:and was 27 years of age.His remains ..
Oq a hl' "art-eft entire"Pa t yield n fwas'shot were laid to rest Saturday afternoonat lilt '(< '.I J .'>. I'll
tury. The red brick building later twice by a pistol, one of the Crosby Cemetery,the funeral be-
became the home of The Telegraph bullets entering his left side,and the ing conducted by Elder W.F. NEW METHOD
after open saloons were voted out of other entering his back, passing Malphurs. He is survived by a wife
Starke in 1905, and the building was through the liver. and two( small children.
purchased by E.S. Matthews,ownerof
the paper at that time. *

The saloons of those days were Jerre Wills was the son of highly CLEANERS
notorious nuisances, the scene of L respected Circuit Judge J.T. Wills,
many fights, brawls, and even 'which may or may not have had
murders and the women of the townhesitated something to do with the coroner's
to pass by one for fear of Jury verdict absolving him from
being accosted by one of the town blame. This murder, however, and
drunks. other such incidents no doubt had an
influence on an election held in 1905 '
The murder of Marshal Jeff Jones The wounded man was at once when voters turned thumbs down on Congratulates the
took place at the bar in Crabb's taken up and removed to the Starke open saloons In Starke. Telegraph/
saloon, approximately where The House,where Dr.A.H. Freeman did editorials favored getting rid of the
Te/elfraph'slinotype stood for years, everything possible to stay the hand saloons, although merchants of that Bradford Telegraph
and nervous operators, hearing of death, but the patient was beyond time feared that closing them would ,
strange noises in the building at recall and died Friday afternoon at 4 "ruin their business" in Starke. their
night, usually attributed them to the o'clock Editor E.S. Matthews argued that on
"ghost" of the murdered: man. Suspicion pointed to Jerre S.Wills banning saloons would actually help
the one who fired the shots,
The story of Jones' murder is told as and being he was arrested and lodged in business in Starke because some 110th !
in the November 27,1903 issue of The charged with the shooting of people were actually afraid to shopdowntown
Telegraph/ : jail on Saturdays because of
0't shootouts. He bet merchant J.M.
ACTING NIGHT MARSHAL After the death of Jones, Justice Alvarez: a year's
: KILLED IN SALOON Sweat, acting coroner,summoned a against a new hat that his business
Jeff Jones,serving as acting night jury of inquest to Investigate the would benefit after the saloons were
',. marshal,was shot twice and mortally 4* matter.A large number of witnesseswere banned Matthews won the bet. A Special "Thanks" to all of our customers for
'wounded In J.D.> nigh examined by the jury, and After losing the election, saloon
Light Saloon last Thursday ,?. wills was exonerated, a verdict beIng owner J.D. Crabb left town in their past patronage and the opportunity to
Between 11 and 12 o'clock several''- returned Saturday afternoon to disgust and Matthews purchased the
persons were in the saloon on W.Call the effect that Jones came to his red brick building and moved The serve you in the future.
Street talking and drinking,and someone death by gunshot wounds at the Telegraph in. It is still a part of the
./ fired a pistol.Jones had gonJ hands of a person or persons present Telegraph building.
( to the saloon to Investigate" the*... unknown. Please visit us'. t'6ur newly renovated facility

a located at 311 ;N. Temple Ave., (U.S. 301)) for the

110th: Anniversary SpecialsIn past 50 plus years.

Conjunction With

The Telegraph's 11O Celebration

are Offering
S ,
Selected' on

Tool ',Sale I >:- TTOMTC *_ A Special

'. .1_. .
1O% Off
25offSuntec .
.J<'J'. : U.S. 301 ( 0"



: I.. I,\.. ..,.-
cLOOff Customer I .
'" I ,
Dri''. t'' : ';METHOD Parking S .oJ

Thru ;CLEANERS ,: ,

Accessories :" yc 1'111, I'.
tfl'; .
.: : ; ;

tOOJ "O'ff "11 L1 T'7: '. "I
0" It. r rnrnSs
: .J ., h
I ;
.. ,
.11 '
Garden. Supplies./ 4 ,., .
II ; ()f) .jf 'yT ,
''''Iet1 LAKEAVE '.
'. I. ..",. '. ,. ,, ..,
.0 >
..t... t' .".

flCIRE HRHDWRHE '6 BUILDERS SUPPLIES \ ..J'h... ,t i '.., .I.'

'. I

,r'S 'SOL E. CALL. STREET' '., STARKE; FL. 964-6163 .. <
.. ,
< .. : .. 0"

.. 0 / :. .... .. ..' .". .\;1k\

\ ... .. ':{jjMt':
.. -,.. 1
C i ,


I Pictures from the Telegraph's_ Old Photo Album I Ir

I r I

_. _

r.-w ithrJ'L I

r ; T
I- I

4 I o PIJ !


r __ -' : The

_;;:: Press



in TimesOf
.. Printing

I II II Gasoline Motors


Was Hazardous
iBENJAMIN I ,.. ;.... JobBack

in the early 1920s, The Telegraph was
The 75th Anniversary Issued in 1954The powered by a gasoline motor rather than electricity
and the troubles that this mechanical monstrosity -
with the network of leather belts required to put
Telegraph staff of 195 'proudly assembled in Pictured are left to right) Jack Detweiler. stu- the old flat-bed in motion to
were enough
front of th old buildinir, behind stack of 75th Anniversary press
dent reporter from Keystone Heights( : John Mathis. make a strong man sit down and cryespecially
issues waiting for transportation to the Linotype operator: Bertha .Fuller bindery department when something went wrong at press time.
post office. Everv cage of this special edition had to ; Gene Matthews editor/publisher: James
FRANKLIN Lewis advertising salesman; Adelaide Crowson. Even the sympathetic "Southern Farmer"
I be set on the old Linotype machine and fed throughan bookkeeper: Claude Crowson foreman; and magazine was moved to comment: "Make it a pointto
Started as Printer old-style press one sheet at a time. George Kaufmann pressman."Were visit the print shop and learn of its difficulties and
perplexities. At least that will give you a more
charitable attitude toward the printer and his pro-

To which the long-suffering publisher of The
Telegraph replied in the issue of October 28, 1921:
What Was Happening .- "Right you are, brother.The local printery shouldbe
.J:, visited when the big belt breaks just as the
printers are sweating to get the paper out in time for
110 AgoWhat it left for the next mail; also when the old gasoline engine
years me stops dead because the spark plug is choked up;
also when the office 'devil spills upon the floor two
to decide whether we solid columns of delinquent tax sale notices ready
was happening 110 years ago when the first issue of The for the forms; or when the consignment of
Telegraph was printed on a hot Saturday in July. 1879? should have newsprint paper does not arrive in time.
a "On such occasions the will
perplexing printers
Republican Kutheiford B. Hayes was serving the Nation'g 19th <
welcome anyone who can assist them with new and
government effective cuss words suitable to the occasion."

Democrat George Franklin Drew was Florida's twelfth Gpvcrnor at
the end of a decade of Republican rule during.the painful Reconstruction without Electricity InstalledIt
Era after the Civil War. is easy to imagine the joy of the publisher when
he was able to announce in the issue of Nov.28, 1924,
Thirty-eight states comprised the Union and Florida had only two newspapers that:
Congressmen after being restored to statehood, along with the other .. THE BRADFORD TELEGRAPH
southern states that seceded from the Union. Thom8 J-ff-ron OFFICE IS MOTORIZEDWith
or newspapers the installation of electric motors in its pressroom
The State's estimated population then was 390,00q, and Bradford; ,the plant of the Bradford County Telegraph is
County (which also included Union County at that time) had approximately without'a now completely motorized. Each piece of
7,500 people. government: machinery is now run by an individual motor of a

Starke had 600 residents and about 20 business establishments.Lake size necessary to its operation replacing the
only I is: should not hesitatea kerosene engine with its attendant line shafts theoperation
of machinery, and the engine's blanketyb -
seat of Bradford County.
Butler was the county ., : : nk habit of "laying down" when it is most need-
moment: to -
Thomas Edison had just invented the first incandescent electric light : : ; : x '" '' .
bulb and Alexander Graham Bell perfected the first telephone in 1876. "
But neither of these great.conveniences were yet in use in Starke. the latter. ; : \i Electricity is the cleanest and most efficient
prefer : :- :;.1: power available for operating machinery, and The
Telegraph in keeping with its policy of maintaininga
man had his .
F.W. Woolworth, the five-and-dime store just opened .
first business and the first wooden cash register started ringing up .. ; ...,:" ... '.'*l};<. ; modernly equipped office for the benefit of Brad--
sales in 1879. .. : ': ford County installed these time savers as soon as
: possible after Inauguration of 24-hour service by the
But W.W. Moore, founder of The Telegraph and his son. Sterling -i.,: ." ,' .' '. .' ,Jefferson. ','. ,. ' had little use for a cash register in those post-war days of.1879. If any of our readers are interested in machinery,
they are invited to inspect our plant at any time.

i I I.


I Meet The Press The Telegraph Staff, That Is

!. "The Show Must Go On ', considering the many classified ads Ann Sponholtz editor of the Lake Union County Times and Is largely
that run in the paper each week. Region Monitor in Keystone responsible for compiling and
fSY I I However her full-time job is work- Heights. She and her husband writing the information for the
To borrow this phrase from show ing in the accounting department Wayne have two children and live in Union County section of this special
business, this certainly applies to subscriptions collections and credit Keystone Heights. The SponhoIU edition.She is married to Robert and
> the newspaper business also! Yes, department for Home Entertain- name runs deep in Bradford County they live in Worthington Springs.
t I indeed, the show... (er, paper)... ment. history. Ann headed up the Keystone Rhonda Crawford is a fairly new
must go out on time! Regardless of lakes area of this special edition. employee at the Union County
:' weather lack of personnel, machine Barbara Nail is the 'accounting Helen Stormer works also in the Times who has been a big help in
breakdowns or whatever else which department for seven different Monitor office and lives in Keystone.She typesetting copy for the issue. Rhonda
can and will go wrong! businesses. She has responsibility has three children. is married to Broderick and they
I for all accounts:: receivables payableand have two children and live in Lake
.. To accomplish this monumental payroll along with all government Gail Livingston is in charge of the Butler.I' .
task the Telegraph has a busy, busy requirements in addition to
staff...some you may see, some you helping out with a busy telephone
may not see! and front desk..Barbara is marriedto
._ .j r -- J I., Tom Nail and they reside at
The people you see most are: Kingsley Lake. She has two sons. CURES I
In Hot Type Days

Earl Mosley makes up a page In the old days of lead type composition B Mark Section Friedlin which Is is the the person same sectionto for the Sue Ellen Smith and Brenda

under the watchful eye of foreman. Claude Crowson. the Telegraph Monitor and the Bawek are UF journalism majors WEAK MEN
Union County Times each week. working temporarily for this special
Friedlin primarily does feature edition plus some weekly news
Headline Writers stories and photographs along with stories. Miss Smith lives in Lawteyand FREEINSURES. I y SL -mot I
Miss Bawek lives
Keystone Heights sports. He residesin at Crystal
Make Boo-Boos Too eystone; with his son. A former Lake. Marcia Goodge a former !
music major, Mark entered the fieldof employee the Telegraph and the
journalism at the University of Union County Times and now an FOR ALL
I One of the most amusing as well as embarrassingerrors Florida. His hobby along with all elementary school teacher in Baker I-i
to appear in The Telegraph was printed events is tennis, and you can County, has also been working this ...r.He.err.r... '.idir.T.N....l.-:=
several years ago on the society page in a descrip- sports always find him on the tennis courts summer to head up this special edi- :.:.g:i' N. =e-.r. =
tion'of the gowns worn by the wedding attendants either playing or instructing. His tion, for which her journalistic skills
the bride and mother of the bride. parents are Rev. &: Mrs. Buddy end her time were greatly needed. ,,

After a full description of the attendants' !dresses Friedlin of Keystone. '
and accessories the writer added that each wore a Judy Mlscally typesets copy for i i ,
blue carnation corsage. Mrs. Carolyn Eaves has the crime the weekly<<; _pa per and much. of,the! I IU
beat.She is the reporter meticulously -
But the write-up of the bride's mother was much going over police records on traf- copy for the special edition. :She
more brief stating simply "Mrs. So-and-So (real fic and crime reports. Eaves is a began working full-time at the
name deleted here) was attired in yellow carna- long-time resident of Starke and has Telegraph in 1976 then after a brief
tion corsage" -'period. The paper's regular social been associated with the Girl Scout retirement returned to parttimework
editor who did not write the story sent the paper a This as typesetter in 1988. Since all
note saying: "Page two is supposed to be the society association program for has many brought years.many the reporters typeset their own copy
pagenot comic strip. This really tore the ladiesup. and'much recognition from she is responsible for the socials
... glad I didn't write IU"! awards organization. However legals, classified ads obituaries,
the Scouting
Other Headline Boo-Boo't: the recognition she values most is and editorial page copy for Mr. Mat- U 4'aw.a.r..w.....
She married Russell,
thews. is to
A West Florida weekly at Chipley came out years that from the hundreds of girls who Miscally lives in Lawtey and has

ago with this doozy on its social page: have gone through Eaves also the Is program activeIn over two sons. ..... ;...,JO_ ... ......... Dr L w,,.ww w. ,..-..tI1Ypo1Ls
HEAD OF CHIPLEYWOMAN'S the years. very ''' '. .,...... _.. M...... 4 M ul_r .
the First Methodist Church, serv- Sylvia Wheeler has been either .18' nN =:::::i.tI--
CLUB NEEDS special directly associated t' .iwiM mHimif....:4 W __ '
CHEST SUPPORT j aeLShemarriedto 1;f utncu "*.. r._ kU *.J, & ikM wkM
Jack with all advertising for the .. ... r-na.r. .
And one just as embarrassing appeared in an and has three children.Joe newspapers since 1977. She has the /0. ._"at'.. .i ..Pk.N .- .-. t:2.---
Orlando paper over the write-up of a recital givenby ominous distinction of being C'-:::.:..'=.r..aMMN.. kae t s.::....". ......--...-..-..-
a piano teacher: GUsy is a relative and is responsible newcomerto employed the longest by the ro_!!....._I _...j.....s... _l..W'" .Ie .;; :;'::-;::.:..-.::r.c..:::.":.:..:"..w.a ....t....=. ...:
the .uJ
newspaper ..._ _. 1:.
MRS. SMITH Telegraph and has stuck It out -.. .. v : M.uJfWba.
GIVES RECTAL for covering meetings and sports through thick and thin I Sylvia is a ..1., I... .. :.M.h-'.' __ + s..M.ws_? 'r$=- ir't =

FOR PIANO PUPILS events.Gissy retired from Container lifelong resident of Starke. marriedto --'C.'L =':-:"" ... ... ... .....,_ ...: 'WK.AM'r
where he was In chargeof ........ :t ....... .. c.n.
Another one that was slightly embarrassing for Corporation the Starke woodyard. Gissy has children.Fred Wheeler and they have four. .I.....fa.....h'...MywrN.' U' ...1M...-.... .-. __- ,, 1.I-9.--!, : :: :::

The Telegraph appeared also on the social page been active in the American Legion owtrwlp.; =:c.-:. ::: $ 7i i
of event at the-Woman's Club: 1 r Y MrMdr.r ...
the an Is ,..
over story Poet of Starke for many years. He Karen Caihdollar Is relativelynew .m.. ...
; = .. -.r=: :::1.:0.
IM.. =M.YM.r W. _,_... .
LARGE CROWS married to Mary Gissy and has six to the advertising department, ..
LECTUREAT children. but she I is quickly the fine n: I'.r.t:::
ATTEND learning c -1\-\:. ..:.".. ... ..
: :: .
I of the business. -
WOMAN'S CLUBWe're points .......
Jewel O'Neal basthe distinct She lives at newspaper Lake! Brooklyn and HJNDsnAI.!,.. =-_;r. .:=::t::
not kidding, folks. These are really responsibility answering the u.c_t..C.M.V.Is. .. :
bonaflde errors and we have clippings to prove phone and directing traffic at thefront "Formerly worked with Gator .. S4.a a. W...a.... I .
I them in our drawers- oops- in our I'esl' I desk. This is no small task, Frei htways.: ,

I I{

I .. .. -.- -
... _..... ..I. ---- -- -
-.I :
._ .
_. .. .... .. .... ;

.. .. c .' n. .m ,. "H.. '. .. ",c. ...... ... J .. .. '".. . .. ...... ... ir, ..... .. . p. .. ..-.

I{ r" 1 1 Ill,I' ,1



I Pictures from the Telesravh Old Photo Album ,' I II



Il ; S \seaS

r .

j T-0




tt ThePress I)


st K r

Printing in Times

Of Gasoline Motors
__ W

0BENJAMIN Was Hazardous JobBack


The 75th In the early 1920s, The Telegraph was
Anniversary Issued in 1954The
powered by a gasoline motor rather than electricity -
,and the troubles! that this mechanical monstrosity -
Telegraph staff of with the network of leather belts required to put
1954'proudly assembled in
Pictured are (left to right) Jack Detweiler student -
front of Ih.- old build the old flat-bed press in motion, to
In II, behind stack of 75th An- from were enough
reporter John Mathis
Keystone Heights
; ,
W make a strong man sit down and
niversary Issues waiting for to the Linotype Bertha Fuller cryespecially
transportation operator: bindery department when went
something at time.
post office. Everv page of this special edition had to ; Gene Matthews, editor/publisher; James wrong press
FRANKLIN Lewis, advertising salesman; Adelaide Crowson, Even the sympathetic "Southern Farmer"
I Started as Printer be set on the old Linotype machine and fed throughan bookkeeper; Claude Crowson, foreman; and magazine was moved to comment: "Make it a point
old-style press, one sheet at a time."Were. George Kaufmann, pressman. to visit the print shop and learn of its difficulties and
perplexities. At least, that will give you a more
charitable attitude toward the printer and his problems
To which the long-suffering publisher of The

What Was Happening Telegraph replied in the issue of October 28, 1921:
.,,,', .' ::' ,:' ':""\', "Right you are,brother.The local printery should

: .. .l, ; be visited when the big belt breaks, just as the
printers are sweating to get the paper out in time for
110 years AgoWhat it left for me "" ;: the next mail; also when the old gasoline engine

stops dead because the spark plug is choked up;
also when the office 'devil spills upon the floor two
to decide whether we solid columns of delinquent tax sale notices ready
was happening 110 years ago when the first issue of The for the forms; or when the consignment of
Telegraph was printed on a hot Saturday in July 1879 .
should have a newsprint paper does not arrive in time.

Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was serving the Nation's 19th ? "On such perplexing occasions the printers will
President. welcome anyone who can assist them with new and
government effective cuss words suitable to the occasion."
Democrat George Franklin Drew was Florida's twelfth Gpvcrnor, at .
the end of a decade of Republican rule during.the painful Reconstruction without .: Electricity InstalledIt
Era after the Civil War. .
is easy to imagine the joy of the publisher when '

Thirty-eight states comprised the Union and Florida had only two %* he was able to announce in the issue of Nov.28, 1924,

Congressmen! after being restored to statehood, along with the other newspapers that:
southern states that seceded from the Union. THE BRADFORD TELEGRAPH

The State's estimated population then was 390, \
County (which also included Union County at that time) had approximately -. +. room, the plant of the Bradford County Telegraph is
7.500 people. without: a government now completely motorized. Each piece of
: machinery is now run by an individual motor, of a
Starke had only 600( residents and about 20 business establishments.Lake size necessary to its operation, replacing the
I: should not'hesitate kerosene engine with its attendant line shafts, the

Butler was the county seat of Bradford! County. operation of machinery, and the engine's blanketyblank -
Thomas Edison had just invented the first incandescent electric light a moment: to \ .: --. :: :>.._,..., b.' ;, habit of. "laying- ..3 down".. when:.. it is most need
bulb, and Alexander Graham Bell the first .: .... ,. .
perfected telephone 1876. '.... ,,... ." ." .,, edElectricity "''''.'
But neither of these great conveniences were yet in use in Starke. .. .< : < is the cleanest and most efficient .r-
.prefer the latter. ;! .' s ;"J power available for operating machinery, and The
F.W. Woolworth, the five-and-dime store man, had just opened his ,. ''''>\':'.''' .(':: : <$;i Telegraph keeping with its policy of maintaininga
first business, and the first wooden cash register started ringing up '... <.',\'., .. -&.>$,*,"' ,. ..t, '. modernly equipped office for the benefit of Brad--
sales in 1879. ., .. : :, :<.; :;.. ;;. .\*1:. ford County, installed these time savers as soon as

.\ : Th.'om'as\effers n1. \ possible after inauguration of 24-hour service by the
But W.W. Moore founder of The :,; ,; .
Telegraph, and his son, Sterling, ... municipal\ light plant.If
,' '. .
,. .
had little use for a cash register in those post-war days of.1879. \ > < ''''"' '$ < >!S8t. .
of readers
any our are interested in machinery,
they are invited to inspect our plant at any time./'


I rw .

j Ct Meet The Press The Teleffranh Staff. That IB

o .. -- .iT -- r..v

"The Show Must Go On! ',i considering the many classified ads<< Ann Sponholti editor of the Lake Union County Tunes and Is largely
that run in the each week.However .
paper Region Monitor in Keystone responsible for compiling and
her full-time job is work- Heights. She and her husband writing the information
To borrow for the
this phrase from show ing in the accounting department, Wayne have two children
s business, this and live in Union County section of this special
certainly applies to subscriptions, collections and credit
the Keystone Heights. The Sponholtz, edition.She is married to Robert and
newspaper business also!
indeed, the show... (er, Yes.. department for Home Entertain- name rims deep in Bradford County they live in Worthington Springs.
paper Ann headed
ment. the Keystone Rhonda
must out up is a fairly new
go time!
Regardless of lakes area -of this edition. ,
special employee at the Union
weather, lack of County
personnel, machine Barbara Nail is the
breakdowns 'accounting Helen Stormer works also in the Times, who has been a big help in
r or whatever else which department for seven different Monitor office and lives in Keystone.She typesetting copy for the issue. Rhonda -
can will
go wrong! businesses. She has
responsibility has three children. is married to Broderick and they
for all accounts receivables,
payable have two children and live in Lake
To accomplish this monumental and payroll, along with all government Gail Livingston is in charge of the Butler.rtl .
I task the Telegraph has a busy, busy requirements, in addition to
staii...some you may see, some you helping out with a busy telephoneand

...r -, ------ may not seel! front desk..Barbara is marriedto
: 1.1 l.-t
\ Tom
Nail and they reside at
The people you see most are: Kingsley Lake. She has two
In Hot Type Days sons. CURES

Earl Mosley makes up a page in the old days of lead type composition, Mark Frledlin is the person for the 4j
under the watchful eye of foreman, Claude Crowson. B Section, which is the same sectionto Sue Ellen Smith and BrendaBswek' ). I
the Telegraph, Monitor and the are UP journalism majors WEAK: 'MENFREE ,,,.
Union County Times each week. working temporarily for this special .I :'

f Headline Writers Frledlin primarily does feature edition, plus some weekly news .
stories and photographs, along with stories. Miss Smith lives in Lawtey ., '4, Lt
Keystone Heights sports. He residesin and Miss Bawek lives at Crystal
Make Boo-Boos TooOne Keystone with his son. A former Lake. Marcia Goodge, a former
music major.Mark entered the field employee the Telegraph and the
of journalism at the University of Union County Times, and now an INSURES.tOVK AND A HAPPY
of the most amusing,as well as embarrassingerrors HOMB FOR ALL.iii .
Florida. His hobby, along with all elementary school teacher in Baker I
to in The Telegraph was printed ...
appear ki if
y -
several ago on the society page in a descrip- sports events, is tennis, and you can County, has also been working this :. ..rr.r... .. =
years ... . = =::
tion'of the gowns worn by the wedding attendants, always find him on the tennis courts summer to head up this special edi- -.&" _; __-"'uI&1 _..-L._, -....-.
the bride, and mother of the bride. either playing or instructing His tion, for which her journalistic skills
parents are Rev. & Mrs. Buddy and her time were greatly needed.
After a full description of the attendants' !dresses Friedlin of Keystone. .

and Accessories, the writer added that each wore. a Judy Mlscally typesets copy for I
blue carnation corsage. Mrs.. Carolyn Eaves has the crime the weekly; _paper and much of the i
But the write-up of the bride's mother was much beat. She is the reporter meticulously i iI
more brief, stating simply "Mrs. So-and-So (real going over police records on traffic copy for the special edition. She
name deleted here) was attired in a yellow carna- and crime reports. Eaves is a began working full-time at the
tion corsage" -'period. The paper's regular! social long-time resident of Starke and has Telegraph in 1976, then after a brief kA

editor, who did not write the story, sent the paper a been associated with the Girl Scout retirement, returned to part-time
t note saying: "Page two is supposed to be the society program for many years. This work as typesetter in 1986. Since all'
pagenot comic strip. This really tore the ladies association has brought many reporters typeset their own copy,
she is responsible for the socials '
write awards and'much recognition from ,
I'' up... glad I didn't III"! ir
legals. classified ads, obituaries;
the Scouting organization. However,
Other Headline Boo-Boo's: '. the recognition she values most Is and editorial page copy for Mr.Mat- tc r: .d d oN, wr

A West Florida weekly at Chipley came out years 'l that from the hundreds of girls who thews. She is married to Russell I .w..a.r..+a.--+.....r..r 0.IM .

ago with this doozy on its social page: have gone through the program over Mlscally, lives In Lawtey and has + ..- a.r.arr..r .. -.

HEAD OF CHIPLEY ':. :' the years. Eaves also Is very activeIn two sons. :' C'r.:: r.t. .:. .,
. ;; .
First Methodist
the Church ..
serving -
WOMAN'S CLUB NEEDS 'r" -.wl. rS.
Wheeler has
Sylvia been either'
., :: .= =:... '
,,' on committees and special pro- ...'..... ,_ .
.j i .
V CHEST SUPPORT ., directly 'or Indirectly >associated + : w '
., .... ,0.: l.I" .
jects. She is married Jack Eaves '
with all for L.Ia. .......rNa
And one just as embarrassing appeared In an advertising the y ,, ILipxLo1Lsll.r
and three children. -
Orlando paper over the write-up of a recital given ., has newspapers since 1977. She has the "' .r I ...." :r' _...-.

by a piano teacher: ,..," Joe Guy If a relative newcomerto ominous distinction of' being c'r'_ =...".":. t-:.'==
employed the longest by the --r:1: "" : ::
MRS. SMITH the newspaper and Is responsible S-:. c:.';,="
for covering meetings and Telegraph and has stuck it out .::r.:; ":' -- '"L ':::;
GIVES RECTAL events,Cissy retired from Container sports through thick and thin! Sylvia is a .... r.1i; oooI. -. .. It."_" : t 'I:""::::= S
lifelong resident of Starke. a.W.r.9'ii ...
marriedto MaaW ... .. .. .Ja1
Corporation where he was in charge y g' """"' w =
Another one that was slightly embarrassing for of the Starke Fred Wheeler,and they have four ...}! t"--" _..En.-: :: = '
woodyard. has
Cissy .
The Telegraph appeared, also on the social page ... ,been active In the American children. r ;j :" ::: :'= :, !'!-....".."'-

over the story of an erect at the.Woman's. Club: Post of Starke for Legion He is .-.. J ..................... =e:.. ..: :
many years.
i- Karen Caihdollar is relatively .. .. .... _....... -.I. "
LARGE CROWS ,.- to Mary Cissy and has six to the Lr aM w.y .M M ear w.r r 1..... ., _, :n..uoo; ;::
marl new advertising department, -" "'
ATTEND LECTURE" pos Is quickly learning the fin* > n: _.........._.._....-.....,.. .
points of the sp ess -
Jiwe" distinct .
We're not kidding, folks. These are really O'Neal has the She lives at Lake Brooklyn and a.'I: :=={,t .
\ : ... =::.....
aixf to J Jt r ponalbiU the ....- :u.:.:; ,* -
bonafide errors, we have clippings prove '" W .. .
r directing worked vase a. siaarn.p.
','.. k and traffic at the formerly with Gator 11103 .
'" phone .. ....
(hem in our drawer- oopsIn our tiles I \; I II front desk. This Is no! small task Preightways.: "_ .. .. a14,1..M.-

I t ..

'J . .... . i
: : .
; .
_. .
t. L
> -. ._ ., -
J J -
-: = = ::. ... '" ::-; ; -.u : : -
r.- _. .. : ::t':, mar---= ::::z..= : : -: : ;": -- - .

... ---------,- ..-_._. .. ... ''''--,, '- ..' .. .. ., .. -'. ... ----.- -.--- ... .. _. ..._ _. .... _... ..,. .. "
.. .... .',M'" ',, '1'"' ',< "r.T, 1'IfY'TI.'i .\ r'1V. ( )\' .. \ ;'"""j' ''I' \r'<\; ,. .'" .y - .'.. '
> ] 7 ,
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'* .
.. .. '.' .. ,

p i'I'



JlO11:1h1: ANNIVERSARY QJiligr:: 4 ISSUE 1879 1989STAKKE. *

,FLORIDA Section Two August 10, IlK9!
-- -

I Old Timers Remember Keystone's Early, DevelopmentEditor's .... i

( Note: The following In a fellow, and he wouldn weigh over barber shop on one he lived. bo you know I saw all of He was president of the bank. AndI
first-hand account of the growth and 135 pounds, but he was a live wire, wasn't anything In take place. never will forget the time that I'
development of Keystone Height, I'm telling you. had, because we to get the telephones in here- was developing out there (at
compiled from observations and And those two together, they in- bit of furniture and was back around the time of Seminole Ridge), and I needed some
anecdotes told to Monitor reporter corporated the town, and of course it In there. War II, in the 40's, and they money. And what I needed it for was
Eric Owens by long time residents the main purpose of it was,and they to Southern Bell to get them to to put in a direct line to clear out
Mrs. Helen Kennedy and Mr. H.I. both made money out of it-you knowa in, and they said they couldn't another basin to a point and then dig
Ownbey.) dollar, a lot back then which sold :: () it.And well they had put them off in a canal to the lake-going in and
-Heck Ownbey: These people that for $200-that was money out of this the war, which :you know-- out. And what I had developed I
incorporated Keystone, one of them world. there wasn't things like that go- needed to smoothe out the shoulders
was born and raised out there (in Ed Wiggins had the waterworkshere. on so much; but when it was over from the waterline up on the property. I
McRae), and Ed Wiggins was the Larson never had anything to went to them, and (Southern And I needed $15,000.
other one, here in town-he was in do with that, the waterworks. And '., ) would not do it. I was In there talking with Wat
Green Cove for years and years. But (Wiggins) found out what was needed And Mr. Wiggins and Mr. Walrath Hardenbergh. He was presidentafter
they incorporated Keystone back in and had to be done for this town to Frankie Walrath and Lindsey Wiggins stepped down.
have the proper sizes of waterlinesand and I'm not sure about Al Well Wat was fixing to telling me
1925.Ed Larson,he was born and raised fire hydrants and how close but there was four or five of no, that I couldn't have it. Wiggins
out in McRae, Smith Lake. Now this should they be placed-and what the met in Frankie Walrath's of came to the door and stuck his head
was a subdivision at one time, and underwriters' regulations were.And back of post office one morning in, and I said, "Mr. Wiggins, come .
then of course they made a town out that's the way he built It. Of course it discuss this telephone. And they on in here. I need you."And he come
of it and all that. They got busy and was 100% approved.The in touch with Southern Bell, and on in. (I told Wat,) "Tell him what
that was in '25. waterworks and the system said no they couldn't do it yet. this is all about." And he did; Wat
And Ed Larson was State that he put in this town-all at his ex And so Mr. Wiggins had put in a told him.I .
Treasurer up in Tallahassee for pense. And all these things that was system in Green Cove Spr can still see Mr. Wiggins sitting
and Of course ever done all these years has never cost some years before that, and he there. After Wat got through, he sat
years since I've known Ed Wiggins he'd this taxpayer one dime. Can you to the office, and I wrote the there and looked back at him and
been here in Keystone. Ed believe itHelen? 3412)a to Western Electric-he said, "We have a directors meeting
(Wiggins), he started the first bank Kennedy: He was a great prices. He told me what he today," And Wat said, "Yeah." And
and to let him know, and I
here in a little old gritty shack sit- little man. He was some Mr. Wig- he said, "Well you go ahead and
ting over there on the side ot the gins. But he was all for Keystone.See a copy of it to Western Southern Electric.Bell,and write up this application, and if
street-from where the bank is now, he had the light plant,and he got copy) on to there are any questions, and the
know it not
down the street a little bit. the co-op to come inhere,which that + I want weeks you to before Southern was board raises any doubt in their
Bill Scales had a two-story has made this section, because people many mind, you just tell them, and put
building down there with a grocery could get electricity where they 'C was beginning to get ready that's to that on record, that I will be respon-
store in the bottom of it. That's right couldn't before; because Florida telephones the in sible for that $15,000 if Heck doesn't
across from the comer there you Power and Light did not go out to lit telephones got pay it."
know where the Kentucky Fried is, tle towns and out in the country like Heck Ownbey: When Street we) wasn't came Well things like that make you feel
the does. ood. And I went to finish the
on -
mostly on that Dollar store site. co-op of I mean it was a dirt road. pro
There was a two-story building sitting (Mr. Wiggins) was just a go- Mr. at different ject.Well
there; that was Bill Scales';. getter. You know I have to say that he'd haul, and everybody said, "Yeah, Wig-
I clay
And then (AI) Watson had the other of course he did lots of things that it. mean He had built him an old gins will do it, but he's going to get
grocery store up on the corner up people did not like,but he did lots for drag and he'd smooth plenty out of it." Well, Wiggins
there. keystone, and he did lots that he streets- out with, that drag. And would do it whether he got anythingout
And there was another two-story didn't get credit for. took of these streets for of it or not. Now how'd he ever
building right over here,and it's still .And you see he was one of the care get payed for this? They didn't in-
standing. It's past the parking lot of beginners of the bank, of getting the Early School You see It the way it is now; you crease the water rate. I just had a
the Keystone State Bank, and then bank In here. And when the bank realize how it used to be. And straight connection from his waterto
first building where the School children In house. There was no meter. I
this two-story building over here ( opened-that )100 down through there was a my
the Locker Room sporting goods). ten-cent: store is now,Mallard's,that streets for the old narrow road-it come out of mean the man to me-he was a good
And that's all there was in here. had four parts to jt. The two center Kennedy, to arrive and went to Palatka. man.
There wasn't nothing else. parts were larger, and one had a would be greeted by But that was mainly Wiggins' pro- The Georgia Southern wanted to
And Wiggins and Larson, well beauty parlor in it, and; one a com- With her carefully Of course he had the bank take their passenger trains off. Well
they're both dead, and Wiggins had pany. We had our office in the other (Owens)waits for (Keystone State Bank) later on, we got to thinking j.N>". >t, and we

five daughters and no son. That large part, and then there was a sent Keystone this bank here,and it's been ad- See
(Daurer collection, Page 18
bothered him. He was a little bitty small part on each end that was a. ded on to since ,


.-} People and Events Bring SpecialFduch to Melrose ': .1

-. ...

.Barney Barco games or Boy Scout meetings. After where Red Thompson's office is to- boundaries. Ask people who live ten emergency medical support. There ding on canvas for lasting enJoy- ;!
Special CorrespondentA all of this you find day. An elderly lady sitting in a miles from the center of town where are people like Don Williams who m et
rural community located at the "Why is Melrose so yourselfThere: rocking chair greeted us with a plea- they are from and they will proudly has dedicated himself to providing a There is our septuagenarian hiker, ,
Junction of SR 26 and SR 21, midway are so many factors involved, the sant smile. After browsing throughthe say, "I'm from Melrose.' You good sound education for area Edna Williams, who has walked the
between Palatka on the Fast, and answer is difficult. produce and making our selec- might then ask "Well if that's true, children and give them a fair start in entire Appalachian Trail and is
Gainesville the West. PopulationIs Ask a mother like Liz Middletonwho tions,we approached her to pay,and why is your mailing address life and who always fights to improve ready to go again.If .
on of retired drives her son across county she told us the money box was by the Hawthorne?" "Oh", he or she will his beloved school. There are you want to know what real
composed Has primarily one elementary lines every day so that he can attend door to just put it in there A few answer, "that's just a silly mistakeby those like Joe Daurer who has provided compassion means, there is Gerri
persons. businesses and school in Melrose, and she will tell an historical record in pictures Jackson. She never forgets those
school several small
you "Melrose is a town with a heart. treasured by the entire area less fortunate in life and works to
no Population major manufacturing Indeterminate plants., but The school has a staff that really Melrose Is a community, a state and who is always willing to provide help them over the rough spots. She
estimated to be between 61100 and cares about the children and the help and advice to those interested knows the true meaning of
8000 people.This families of those children." of mind and a way of life, but in photography. Joe, with his wife Christmas and gives unstintingly of I
is the cold impersonal way an Claire Chiappini tells of raising Rosemary, are also always her labor and love to children.
atlas might describe Melrose, but her four boys and two girls and says, mostly it is special people. available to provide premier enter- There are the many ministers of
for those who live here, these words "You knew the entire town caredabout tainment. the faith who have devoted their
can not begin to express the true them. They were not my Then there is our Librarian, "Gin- lives to bringing the word of God into
feeling of what Melrose means. To children or their children. They days later we stopped again and the the Post Office. Look in the phone ny" Bird who is untiring in her ef- our lives such as the Reverend AI
try and build a description,one must were our children." lady was not there, but there was a directory and you'll find me listed forts to bring good books and educa- Vaught,a fourth generation "Melro-
spend months talking to residents, Don Williams, who grew up and sign in her rocking chair informingus under)Melrose 1 I" tional material to children and sian" who loves the people and the
attending school functions, going to went to school in Melrose then went to help ourselves and leave the Melrose is a community,a state of( adults alike. There is "Zee" Tolles area. Or the many others now
church and church functions, buying away to college and returned to money in the cash box. Being from mind and a way of life, but mostly it who saw something special in departed for a better world, like
supplies at local stores, reading the Melrose to become principal of the Miami, this system seemed to be is special people, many of whom Melrose and has devoted her retire Father Fred Yerkes who said the
bulletin board at the post office, at- Melrose Elementary School, says Just short of suicide, but after living have departed for that better world, ment years to changing it from people of Melrose were special and
tending Library Association the town has a feeling of love and here the past 15 years I have learnedto but who left a special something legend into history. A teacher, gave his final years to them.
meetings and the Business Associa- care like he has never found have much more faith in my behind for us to inherit. Many are writer and historian,she has produced These are but a few of the special.
tion luncheons, going to the anywhere else. fellow man, even though I become still laboring, like, Thelma and two books on the area, which are people who make up a very specialSee
Homemaker's Club and Woman's Joan Barco tells of her first ar- more cautious when f visit other Rudolf Dampier who worked for indispensible references, and is
Club, watching the volunteer rival in Melrose. When we first towns." almost 30 years to build a stable, working on her third.
firefighters practice on Monday came into town, back in '74 we stopped Although Melrose is called a town, competent fire department and to There is Dot Newman, who cap- Page 18

night and -going to Little- League at a produce stand located it does--not have any geographical bring the town a water system; and tures the beauties of our surroun i

Did John Lawrence Dream KJ YSTONC| HEIGHTS

'':, riuixls Ifcsi Z.autful
I' O
'e 1 :u wI Ii:1S n i f fa '
For Come True? n -
Keystone / t. 1NCL hi L OPINp rl.i' t:0:+ i

By Anne SponholtzLRM His dream called for a communityto portion of the Keystone Inn,it seem-
Editor include fine schools, a well planned ed that much of Lawrence's dream
When John Lawrence first set foot business district, homesites scattered had gone up in smoke, for unlike the
the oaks and great phoneix bird of Greek 1J'1
upon the lake region he discoveredthe among sprawling
the shorelines of the lake. methology, which rose from the '
Sunshine State at its best. Sand along
into Churches too were an importantpart ashes, the Inn remains today no
bottom lakes seeping one
other by way of crystal clear canals of his plan, for it was a great longer the keystone of Keystone, no
the social center it
longer culturall
dotted the landscape, the sweet devotion of God that Lawrence '1 I \
dreamed of -Yl ..
smell or orange blossoms filled the of often. Acres of pecan orchards once was and was being ., ov'u vu ui ., N .My { =tn' ei,
for to come.
air, giant magnolias offered cool and orange groves would be .
shade from the heat of the day and the hemline of the community. It Each year more paint chips off the { i
on the outskirts of the lakes,acres of would be these fruit trees that would mighty structure and newcomersare '7r t'1' .;,:',, ,, f"i Y i., F1( 1{ l '1 ;y'' I ,
virgin woodlands gave refuge to bring prosper to Keystone's future.It aghast at the ugly sight of the '
wandering black bear and the would,! be these trees in which each detertoriating old building standing i

echoed cry of the Florida panther.The .
area was later named in part
after Pennsylvania, the Keystone You Just :can't forget all of those
State,John's home state.When John.
Lawrence came to the lake region he that started it and was the main
brought his wife Agnes and his
brothers, but more than anythingelse part of it back 'in the early days: ;
he brought a dream, and the
vehicle for this dream he named the the Housers the Walraths theLawrence

Lawrence Development Company. '
With great care he had the area -- so 'many.resident .
platted and was soon selling parcelsof ,
the Sunshine State to northerners '
who He shared saw Keystone Lawrence's as a cultural dream. and would Invest, thus bring like gnastly vulture hoovering over '

social community with the lakes as to the* community a ; City Hall. .
be dreamed again,
'' terdependence. A dream can
the central focus. Besides purchasing each- The train would roll through town but the Keystone Inn with all its
property for homesites, in stopping at the depot with visitors historical significance, once
newcomer purchased acreage anxious to discover for themselves if deteriorated beyond repair, can
Keystone's future..pecan and everything they had beard about this never again be replaced.
orange groves.That single purchase North Florida lake region could Although Lawrence's dreams probably rC.'y
established a common bond in the possibly be true. They came, they Included the Keystone Inn still
community. Each person had a saw and many stayed, for they being a significant part of our community -
vested interested In the area, and discovered that all the splendid many of his dreams did
each shared that vested. interestedwith stories they had heard were indeed come true.Keystone is a communityrich
their neighbor In ways measured beyond
First on John Lawrence's agenda true.Did John Lawrence's dream of 70 monetary means and historic struc yFlorida's .. It t
was the construction of the Keystone true Harsh tures. A love for God and country, t
Inn. The Inn was to be the man- ,years weather and spats destroyed the good schools and lasting freindshipe most beautiful '
made structure that Lawrence tavisioned of the orchards and bound. Tbla map, showing Lawreace'a all of :Kertton. was'
would enhance the natural orange hopes groves! pecan bringing prosperity to Keystone Heights, began_ as a Part ., the original platttag asap.* Keystone Heights, first pabllsbed on the cover*f"5e Great Years".booklet I
beauty of the area. It was the Inn each member of the community,and drawm by C. Ray Lawrence, civil engineer for. the, :ibllibed when the tow. celebrated. its. Seth aanlvenary. |
that was to serve as the keystone of. 'once the fire of IBM destroyed Rood "1, ass pap t. '.........Devel,ciiBgCe: .< ::.... lIT 1 $., '1 .t."" \ ,
Keystone ,J' : .
il.k "
.r. .- ... .. ..Wit ;,l 1 .''h: ,f'P. '


"',4 W. .. .... '&'._ O'---.t- -' .. . n.. .... . "." ...._ .

r ) .. ..

PA(.K TWO. Section Two
AUGUST I'. 1911.

I The Making of This -

Historical EditionBy ,


Anne Sponholtz their words.Perhaps it is at times as (* -
LRM: Editor
much legend as it is history. We
We feel it is important to note that have of course tried to assure ac-
this special edition has not been -
curacy, but our prime concern was
compiled soley from the books and
to bring the history of the region to
documents often used by historians; our readers told
as by those who liv- J
this is not an historical account in ed it.
the academic sense. Readers will This is not to say this project lack- 1 )
notice that in some stories we have ed technical research, but we ti
deviated from normal Journalistic wanted to bring to our readers a -
practices; we felt the story of the fresh, new, first-hand perspective of
lake region should be told as muchas the material, and it was through
possible by the people living here these people, the old-timers of the -.J
today who remember its beginnings. lake region, that we were able to Liffi

This is their.tory. told by them in achieve this goal. I .


Owens and Barco Provided I ...

-- _. _.
II Uniqueness To --- -

-' -- -- --- --
,. : l. tf ,'
: -
was particularly through the efforts tracks for student produced plays

Eric Owens of two and dedicated Barney individuals Barco that, and With films.his work completed on this This picture was taken Just before the outside of the Monitor office was Besides being the offices for the Monitor,the building now houses an of- I
remodeled a project that was undertaken by owners of the building fice and florist.
the edition
making of this special edition special Eric is now touring Gilbert and Jo Reed.
was possible. Just as the decisionwas across the US with Lyps, a
made to have this edition a Gainesville band.
man came office who The other individual who has
was interested in learn about the brought so much to this edition is
newspaper business. His enthusiasm Barney Barco. Our readers have I
educational backgroundand gotten to know Barney through Monitor Staff Puts Together Area News WeeklyBy
knowledge of the area were im- "Barney's Beat",published regularly -
pressive. And so Eric Owens in the Monitor.
became part of the Monitor staff and Barney can best be described as a
helped to head up this special edi one man chamber of commerce for Anne Sponholti Heights with her husband and Mrs. Buddy Friedlin and his son Anne Sponholtz has served as
tion. He was more than a reporter Melrose. He and his wife Joan have LRM Editor preschooler.Mark Lorien attends Keystone Heights editor of the Monitor for the past
he served in reality as an ..*!!".. e resided in the area since 1974,but his The Monitor's history dates back Friedlin handles the sports High School. Mark resides in three years. Anne is also reporter,
assistant spending all hours of the heritage in the area stretches backto 16 years when Linda wharton, who section of the Monitor. He is also in Keystone Heights and is an avid ten- photographer and in charge of paste
day and night working for over two 1885 when one of his ancestors, had been writing a social column on charge of developing photos and nis player. He has taught tennis to up for the paper. She lives in
months researching material, inter Ellen Barco, homesteaded in the the lake region for the Telegraph, writes for the B-Section. Mark has many area residents. Mark is in Keystone Heights with her husband
viewing, creating the tour map in area and for whom Lake Barco in became the newspapers first editor. been with the newspaper for nine charge each year of the Our Country Wayne and two school agecichildren
the center section and gathering Melrose is named.In years. He is the son of the Rev. and Day tennis matches. Leanne and Corbin.
photographs.Eric 1928 Barney's father bought a Today John Miller and Bobby
place on Long Pond, and Barney Ferguson of Starke serve as
The Sends Thanks to I
is the son of Barbara Owens spent much of his boyhood in the publishers of the newspaper, whichis Special ManyThe
and the late Dr. Burns Lezelle woods around Melrose. Barney published every Thrusday.
Owens. He is also the grandson of 'etuvd '.Jill the Army at the rank of
Lake Region Monitor wishesto Mrs. Barbara Owens and Mrs.
Arnold Weeks
the late Gertrude Christof f ers,a prominent olonel: and has four grown childrenand Behind the scenes of each week's extend special thanks to the Library Director,- as Arnold Clay County Weeks D.E. Pangborn who provided
resident of this who,
area three grandchildren. paper is a staff dedicated to bringingour following individuals for their help went the extra mile to bring our photographs from their private col-
with her family, moved to the area He is active in the Boy Scouts,ser- readers coverage of the area. with this edition. readers material never before lections.
in 1941. Eric grew up hearing stones ving as both district commander and in the Lynda Gayle Roberts and Leona
printed Monitor.
about the early days of Keystone.As count coordinator. He serves as In the Melrose area Eleanor Mayor William Beam throughhis Tom Roberts -who took several Terry -who cheerfully and devotedly -
a youngster, Eric visited of the Melrose Volunteer Schoeneman writes Around Town in love of history be brought a great days to the old homes in helped us find almost forgotten
Keystone often and lived in the area Fire Melrose. Mrs.Schoeneman has been photograph historical material in unbelievable
Department, is involved in the deal of valuable information to our Keystone, and who Is always call
off and on moving back here per- Melrose Library Association and is a writing for the Monitor longer than attention by heading historical with camera in hand. places at City Hall.
manently in 1985. member of the Melrose Elementary any other writer. She lives in the workshops through which we gain- Sue Alvers who To all the lake region residentswho
He graduated from Stetson School Advisory Committee. He is Melrose area with her husband. ed a secial understanding of the hours typesetting the material spent many for cooperated with our project by
University with a major in Englishand also a former senior warden and lake region's history and the of people this edition. granting us interviews,sharing with
during his years at Stetson had vestry member of Trinity Barco us and with our readers their
Episcopal Barney brings you Barney's who could bring that history to Larry Home and Wayne Mattox
the opportunity to fine-tune his Church.I Beat. Barney covers many of the our readers. with Clay Electric Cooperative who memories and observations, we of-
writing skills as editor of a would personally like to take this meetings and events happening in provided the material on the Co-Op. fer our sincerest gratitude for participating -
magazine. Eric went on to study in opportunity to offer my special Melrose where he resides. Joe Daurer it goes without say- Tony Brown who spent many in the unending task of
Dijon, France and later worked in .
thanks to both these individuals for historical preservation.To
ing that Joe Daurer's collection of hours researching and writing the
Fukui. Japan as an English instructor. their time and effort in bringing to Leslie Rudoi covers the Clay Coun- historical photos is a treasure to all material on the Key stone.Heights, all those individuals who call-
his love for writing, this edition a uniqueness that could ty School Board meetings. Leslie is lake region residents. Our special Volunteer Fire Department. ed the Mmdtur office or stopped by
Eric has is a semi-professional musicianand not have been possible without them. employed full time at Camp Blending thanks to Joe for having shared so John Hartley .,. who provided. with even Just" a'little piece of Infor-
written and recorded sound-
Anne Sponholti and resides in Keystone many of these photos with our much of the material on the McRa.-...rmatloti'wq "): thaIlt''WIU'""to" "-ea..h'-:: .I.
Editor readers. Volunteer Fire Department. afd ever ohe of you:
--- -


'a ire / .



I _

I /'! DANK .








O Keystone Heights o Melrose Hawthorne

Commercial Circle SR 26 Johnson StreetWe

are proud to be part of an area which has such respect for those who began our

communities. .

It is our intent to serve you so well that together we apart of tomorrow's

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history. ;\i .. ,- ... ,' .. .

'.?. ,.\oL\i\ : ',,j'M"'" _

Thanks Staff't:

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I John Lawrence: The Man Behind the" DreamBy Ii i II I I

Special Eric CorrespondentJohn Owens dissatisfied with the high prices in sand acres around Brooklyn, FL, Sebring and Keystone ---- : "
southern Florida Heights,
traveling formerly located
where Park of the Lawrence interested L.
J. Lawrence, the founder of along the Trail Ridge, searching for Palms is today. Lawrence visited was in promoting
Keystone Heights, was born in June an ideal town site where the land the area,decided that it was suitable and his religious wife organizations.entertainedthe lie ,
of 1870 in the Summerhill township prices were resonable. for his plans, and purchased the frequently ,
Rev. Dr. W.T. Watson and Dr
of Erie Apparently, while Lawrence land.
County,PA to parents Hiram'l.awrence was John Minder, who traveled throughthis
Walrath of Pennsylvania and Julia section of Florida to conduct
Lawrence of New York. services in homes,school houses and

Lawrence's wife, Agnes Ellen You have been a blessing to me churches.In .
Boyd, was born on March 7, 1881 in 1924, when Rev. Watson went to
Somerset Co., PA, and they were In my life, and I pray that God St. Petersburg to begin an
marled December evangelistic tent revival, he asked
on 16,1916 at Pitt-
sburg. will give you a blessed end and Lawrence to conduct the first seriesof
Lawrence was an ordained meetings. The revival resulted in
minister and is as memorable for his tiatwe will meet to part no an organized church, which Watson r .
participation in religious causes and continued to pastor for over 30 A
In Heaven. '
organizations as for his land years.
developing. His theology has been This church, which John
4 4A
described as intcrdemonmational Lawrence helped form, was In-
scope, reflecting the four-fold gospelof strumental in establishing the
salvation, sanctification, healing A note from John Lawrence to his wife, Florida Bible Institute at Temple
and the second coming of Christ. Agnes, date unknownstill Terrace, near Tampa, where a
During the opening years of this young Billy Graham received his .
century,many land speculators and basic training The school eventually .
developers came from the north in grew even larger and has since
Pennsylvania, He invited his brothers Jess, Joe
cither to invest in or develop land in George Sebring had asked him to and Claude to invest in and develop changed its name to Trinity College. .
Florida. Shortly after World War I, come to Florida to assist him in a the land with him, and in 1919 they Lawrence also helped form the r r
Lawrence, like most of the others, development project he was under formed the Lawrence Development Gospel Tabernacle or Melrose an
headed first for the south of the taking. The city they developed Company, which they headquartered organization affiliated with the
state, toward Miami. together is now the city of Sebring, at the Brooklyn Hotel, a Christian and Missionary Alliance,
he investigated the FL two-story frame building formerly and whose charter lists its objectiveas K
possibility of acquiring and develop- While in Sebring, Lawrence met located where the new Keystone to promote the cause of the Chris
ing some land, but because he was J.B. Zell, who owned several thou- Village Square shopping center has tian religion. Lawrence served on its
been constructed. Board of Trustees for three years.
John Lawrence had quickly John Lawrence is also :
become dissatisfied with the plattingof remembered locally for having :
Brooklyn. Agnes took him to the started the first church in Keystone
shore of the lake she had found whileon Heights, Community Christian ---- ,
a walk, and they agreed to move Church, which met in his house,
the townsite to the shore of Lake located on the hill at the corner of
Geneva. Lawrence Blvd. and Jasmine Ave.,
The new town, Keystone Heights, until other facilities were available. John and Agnes Lawrence :
would be an investment opportunity John Lawrence died of colon (Daurer collection 341-39)

for entrepreneurial northerners. cancer at 6 a.m., March 25, 1929 at :
f The Lawrence brothers envisioned a St. Luke's Hospital in Jacksonville.

community supported economically Just prior to his death, he was They had no children, and Agnes rnany! Christian cause, to be chosen at :
by orchards and to have felt ill but
pecan orange reported still able tionalized that since all their the discretion of the executor. Agnes .
groves. They began clearnmg the to get around town. He went to relatives were already self- suggested a scholarship fund for -
land themselves with the assistanceof Jacksonville simply for treatment. sufficient, the Lawrence estate ministerial students at Trinity Col- .
a few local residents. His death was unexpected. should be liquidated into cash and .
1I Besides his real estate activities in Agnes Lawrence lived until 1968. donated in John Lawrence's name to !

I riti 7 Upon His Death, Many Remember LawrenceEditor's I

(Fthtor'u Note: The following<< / I is an (Editor's Note: The following/ l- ( Note: The following I is the
address given by State TriMsurrr Ed dress was given at a memorial I service address given by St'llatorliIIl'r; Lawrence. Keystone Heights has no
Larson when John Lawrence died for John Laurence by a Judge/ at a memorial service following the race tracks, no gambling dens
and commending his works in Cieiger.: ) funeral of John Lawrence.) because of the imprint of the
establishing Community ('hi'istian character of J.J. Lawrence. He has
Church, which remains today as a put the imprint of his idealism upon'
I feel my inability to add one wordof Certainly the ground has been well
landmark in the this and this he has
community.) covered by the speakers community,
tribute to our brother who has representing
In the passing of John Laurence. passed on, one who was our friend. this community As I listened to passed on to you and to me. We hope
to the Great Beyond, I believe that Jesus in one of his last discoursessaid these speakers this morning my that nothing in the years to come
the Slate of Florida has lost one of "I shall no longer call ser- mind went forward about twenty shall mar the impress of the
her typical citizens and this com vants, but friends." Mr. Lawrence you five years, and I wondered if in this character of J.J. Lawrence.
munity has lost Its founder.Hewessuccesttiiifninaiiy'iest. our friend, belonged to Jesus Christ. community there would not then be
... thousands where there are. tens this One thing this community is indebted
f ; '" 'He clime t to'this place someWI or' morning.:'Stand "back'a little while to J,J. Lawrence for'is the

.,endea,1, gyll JhlsltII5flJ /' tJlJ'rJcl..ejeven) .jears ego camBbpittMlaWiripg : ",To appreqiatetthe; wprks pf art it memory of, an ideal :Christian; ,", a
iii- ''iJ,,1with hf6ifliNpch laX !b IqN'Jm'WY'.I'1i1: friends made him our lender<< and I do not suppose one of you product of ful gem called the sympathetic :
gave many hope and confidence. I here really know the difficulties that what has been said here this mornIng To the casual observer, it looks just _
John and Agnes Lawrence on the porch of the Brooklyn Hotel, a hotel know few men have many friends Mr. Lawrence faced in this county. the same a*any other ordinary opal, 3
that once served the lake region and was located where Keystone Village such as Mr. Lawrence, a friend to Only some old residents of the com but when it is taken into the hand :3
I Square now stands on SR 100 west. stand by willing to assist in time of munity like Mr. Kennedy or Mr. Keystone Heights owes three and warmed by contact with human s
(Daurer collection, 343-33)) trouble, and a friend ready to nuke Glisson can know the difficulties he things to Mr. Lawrence, In the first fellowship, it begins to flash out 3:
sacrifices for the principles of faced when he came to this new spot, place, we owe our city to Mr. wonderful colors unknown in it :3
righteousness for which' he ,stood following the crowd of promoters.Mr. Lawrence.. We would not have this before. So it was with Mr. Lawrence ;sin
willing at all times to serve and) Lawrence was a builder.As beautiful community, no Keystone his contact with his fellow -
carry through the ideals and planK of Heights but for Mr. Lawrence. townsfolk. It was his ready sym- 3
J. / Lawrence came into my this community and of this com you know, in constructing pathy and kindness that endeared ;:
munity church.As building if the foundation is faulty, Recently archaeologists have him to all. I saw a most beautiful :3
hardware store in Green Cove the building will be faulty. lie had to been excavating in the ruins of old sight outside of the church the other ;
an associate for a short time in tear out the foundations because the Babylon, and they have found that day, the day of the funeral. Two col- 3
Springs to buy a rope. The rope the work during which he succeededin foundation was faulty, not built after every brick dug up bears the Imprintof ored men, with tears streaming .
bringing many into the community God's plans. But tearing out the the king. Among the bricks they down their faces, asked If we would :;
was to pull his car and others and this community church I foundation took a long time, and it found one that bore indeed the stamp allow them to look upon the face of :
shall think of him as one of the few was a long time before he could start of the king but upon it also was the their friend for the last time. If they S
out when they got stuck on the men able to meet difficulties and building after the pattern in his own imprint of the foot of some city cur were in need, he clothed them; if ::
road. While lie theme lie solve with courage and confidencethe heart and after his own life. The pattern 1 that almost obliterated the royal they were hungry, he fed them. i
was problems that faced him. The of Jesus Christ's building was I mark Everything that has been
that I bid the thought uppermost in his mind was uppermost in his mind. I built into Keystone Heights bears Mr. Bolt said on Mr. Lawrence's |
suggested on the building of a church in this com It t the: imprint and character of J.J. first trip to Lake Geneva when he 3:
munity, making many sacrifices to All coming in contact with Mr. came out on the shores of the lake, !
foundation, plumbing, heating, get meetings held in this community vrence liked him, everybody lik- he raised his hand and pointed out :
and and tile and getting people In from all "1 hm.; We are proud to honor a man over the lake and exclaimed, "How 3
wiring telephone of sections of the county 10 always attempted to do what beautiful!I" I wonder if a few days -3

new hotel. That job brought me .esus< Christ wanted, building ago, as the spirit of J.J. Lawrence J
J.Lawrence Is the builder of this i:something for many, for others. I stood on the banks of It"Jordan and 3
to Keystone Heights. I pitched a community church. lie was always hope the present administration will looked across, he Mid "How J
fair and square, forming each block {keep or retain the name of Lawrence beautiful! the city eternal! :
tent on the hotel grounds in June, and each stone with carp, and during! I Developing/ Company. It is a tributeto May we all make up our minds to j
the time he was building this community the man that has passed on. Do carry on his ideals and live true to s
and by January of the followingyear church for us, he was in I not think of him as dead, but asleep. the example he set us all through his j
Christ's Church a church not built Jesus spoke of Lazarus as not dead Christ-given power. 3
I moved into room 14, of the with hands, eternal in the heavens. Ii I but, of Jairus' daughter not ..
i I dead, but asleep. --- :: i
finished lioteLEd With profound sympathy to his :
dear one, on the part of the Community I wish to leave this thought with
Church I leave this tribute to J you that we of Clay County love Mr. I
the God-fearing man, a Christian 'Lawrence, and we all love Mrs.l.awrence .
Wiggins, March 9, 1959 gentleman, whose life, whose } who was always with him,
character, and whose Id..al111 __ __ always be an example to all of us. ,work, and we want to pay our
I respects to Mrs. Lawrence, a lovely 1J
(Christian character. We think a J.
great deal of her.

Always think of Mr. Lawrence as
I not dead, but sleeping, the building
and founder of this work here. J
Keystone Lake Region Area is

grateful to have a modern Woody & Linda Manning 1

veterinary hospital and an

;., + \.." 4737675 ,,;:/rC?" MANNINGLAWNMOWER J

t ExperiencedVeterinarian ,
I in our .
_.,T_.... roo

community.Dr. '.J ftSales & Service : '

Parrish and staffare
...., ... t"
llwy. 100 South 473-7675
proud to be part Iit

}' of the history of c J purchased the repair business from
George Manning In 1981. Woody & Linda
Keystone Heights and newly married moved to Keystone Hts..

grateful to the Monitor it i' I from Jacksonville.
They took the business by storm with
I.' ,;( w.r J" furnishing E. When
plenty of energy and expertise. It
yesterday's history. ", i' I I comes to repairs no one does It better or !'

Who Care 4 ._4 quicker than Woody Manning.
Pet Care by People Along with their quality service they :

carry first-class equipment. 'Anything' ":-
? you may need for lawn and garden from i

LAWRENCE E. PARRISH DVM PA ( --t, h 4 tractors and tillers to r1ders.'walk 1. i

:.o+) mowers, trimmers and edgera.That Is
why when people need repairs or new
Heights: 473-4966
7344 State Road 100 Keystone equipment MANNING LAWNMOWER Is

-- .. ,,,... _making history In Keystone Heights!

", ". ,.,_... ,...""",-- .. .......... ,t A.: ). S s ..,.INYLtatfcAll.MR: M.a :,.,.'JI1...... I ..... ,

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i iI I


Boat Captain Recalls Early Transportation Despite; Arsenic I

Barney llano No one knows for sure how they days we wouldn't even think ol doing
Special CnrrrspnndentHe got here, but water hyacinths were something like that!I", ,
might not be the oldest man in giving the boaters trouble even back Business was sporadic During h"rT
Melrose, but Elwell Robinson ,is then. They clogged the canal and orange picking season good money
most certainly the town's oldest resident were rapidly closing up Lake Alto could be made hauling oranges to .
in terms of years spent here when the brothers decided they had the rail head in Waldo for shipmentto .iLt
Born January 19, 181'J! in a house on better do something before their Northern markets. The boat '
the West side of town "El" has boat was unable to move. Hearingthat averaged two trips a day with more t
spent his entire life here with the ex arsenic would kill the weed, than 200 boxes of fruit on board and +* Q
ception of two years when he went to they decided to spray it on all the make better than a $100 a day Dur- a ak
New Jersey to work in a laundry hyacinths and rid the area of the ing the summer business was often
plant His daddy came here right pest. slack and the boat usually averaged
after the Civil War to work for Capt. "Everyone wants to know how only about two trips a week hauling :
D,E, Maxwell President of the come I'm still living," El says farm produce and passengers t
Seaboard Railroad. Capt. Maxwell "Where we cooked that arsenic up Sometimes, during the summer the a
had extensive orange groves to the on the banks of the canal, it killed water level would drop so low that W IM I a k.4
west of Melrose and the senior every pine tree" the boats had trouble clearing the
Robinson took care of them. They rigged up a spraver on a sand bars. When this happened El
and his brother unloaded the boat
----- ----
and carried the freight across the
Everyone wants to know how sandbars by hand.
Later his brother left the businessand
come I'm still living. Where we El took over as Captain of the
boat He said in those days good ,
cooked that arsenic up on the deck hands were paid $1.50 a day in
wages and they really earned their
banks of that canal, it killed pay
Telling of problems they had, he
pine tree. said. "One night we were coming v"l
every ,, .,., ., .
throught the canal about 10 or 11J:(( --M-.H.-' -- c-=- _
---- at night and where the bridge was
Young Elwell went through the 55-gallon drum and using a mix ol over the canal, it was pretty shallow The "City of Melrose" Is shown here being loaded with II i shown on the left wearing the hat.
eighth grade at the Melrose Union six pounds of arsenic to 12 pounds of and somebody had thrown a fish freight the Seaboard Railroad dock In Waldo. Bud Robinson Is standing on the right wearing the cap. I
School and then went to work for his sal soda,they "sprayed hyacinths on trap there. When the boat went overit and Captain shared his Robinson who presently resides In Melrose (Daurer collection F33-18)
side of the boat and drank water experiences with reporter Barney Barco,
older brother, who was Captain of a one the propeller picked it up and
freight boat on Lake Santa "'e. The from the other. wired up There wasn't anything you
boat, a beautiful cypress launch witha One of the brothers would pole the could do except build a fire on the The "City of Melrose", once her He said it was something ot a vaca- barrel, but he had to load and unload
50-foot keel, was built by Tom Birt boat around while the other would bank, take off your clothes, crawl work had been completed was tion because he"had never been far- the 550-pound barrels by himself. He
grandfather of the Reverend AI pump the sprayer and they would under the boat, disconnect moored just outside of Melrose Bay. ther away than Jacksonville and had would also pick and pack oranges
Vaught, and called the "City ol put out eight barrels a day. It was everything, pull it out, "take an ax Nobody seems to know how it happened never heard of a one-way street and and then haul them to the market in
Melrose", It carried freight and backbreaking work and the arsenic and cut all that trap off. but she eventually sank and had a drivers license til I got up Jacksonville making about 40 centsa
solution would blow back In the early 20's the road system
passengers up through Lake Santa frequently now rests in the mud below the there." box.
Fe into Lake Alto by way of the in their faces, but it didn seem to do began to improve and trucks started water's surface When he came back in 1933 he In 1934 he married Eliza Rudder.
canal and unloaded at the "':'!" 'nI them any harm. After spraying the becoming a more dependable and El worked in a grocery store over rented his truck to the WPA and Eliza ran the drugstore in town and
I docks in Waldo At that time the trip hytionths would turn black, die,sink faster means of transportation. The in Keystone Heights for a couple of dynamited clay for road building. In 1942 after Mrs. Stienert died he
usually tOok about two hours, which to the bottom of the lake and within a freight business shifted to truck and years and picked up some fun- He then started a truck freight and Eliza bought Stienert's grocery
was: less than half the time requiredby few weeks, the boats could jgam highway transportation, and by 1924 damentals which helped him in later business and got a contract with store.
horse and wagon The boat had navigate through the waterwav l the old "City of Melrose" was not years when he had his own store. George Hall out of the Lake Swan
the advantage that it could carry "In those days we didn't know how able to make enough to earn her In 1932 he went to New Jersey and Turpentine Still to haul turpentine I to See Pap 18
more than several wagons bad that stuff was" El said. Ihesp keep, and the line was discontinued. worked in a laundry for two years. Jacksonville. He received $3,00Ghiappini a

Fire -Prompted Start 1r ,.. Remembers


Of Melrose Department- 1 Early Days of MelroseBarney

Barney liarco Apparently, the demonstration Barco tine manufacturing was the only ma-
Special" CorrespondentIn was successful and Chief Nicholson Special Correspondent jor industry and Francis Chiappini
the early days of Melrose, fire approved the equipment, becausethe Growing up in Melrose during the remembers the still on the West side
was a deadly proposition.. Before money was raised, the equipment 20's and 30's was not an easy proposition of town where rosin was convertedto
World War II, if a home caught on purchased and the Melrose but it had many compensa- turpentine. There was a Black set-
fire there was little hope of saving it. Fire Department was born tions. The boys and girls raised then tlement around it where the workers
The material used for constructionin The next step was to construct! a did not have all the help and protec- lived and a Commissary up the road
most of the picturesque 19th Century tin shed to house the new fire truck, tion given children today The seat about 200 yards from where El
buildings was Heart Pine, load and this was soon accomplished of learning was often the seat of Robinson lives.
ed with rosin and capable of burning For the fire alarm a large steel r their pants with knowledge appliedby "When we were kids we used to go
"hot and bright" in a matter of ring, about six feet in diameter,was paddle. down to the commissary there on
minutes. Electricity in homes was a hung on a heavy chain and suspended The student aid program usually Saturday -we used to catch fish here
4 rarity there was no central watersupply from an 18-foot high log frame. A rested in the hands of the student in the lake and take them over and
\ few wells and no phones to 14 pound sledge hammer was provedfor and they knew it was a rough world sell them to the turpentine workers. ,"
summon help.Following the alarmist to "ring out the .out there, which they would have ton (Big o! the war, Melrose alarm with heavy blows", take on by themselves. They did would 'hatre'a'1 hard time carrying
residents formed the Melrose Civic During the early 50's the depart have two things going for them, a them from here to the commissaryon
Club, which decided to do something ment purchased a second hand strong sense of family'and a solid Saturday evening. We'd sell them
about the hazardous situation. In France fire engine of "about 1'(2-4!( 4 4N religious community.The old valuesof a whole string of them for a
1947, a special committee on vintage", Joe Daurer, one of the God Family; and Country were quarter. That was a lot of money
firefighting equipment was formed volunteers at that time remembers still paramont in their upbringing. back in those days. That's when
under the chairmanship of Ralph "only a couple of people. could driveit : One such family started with there were a lot of fish and there
Matthews as Melrose Fire Chief. It but it worked OK. Joe said the r- r4 Joseph Chiappini Joe first visited weren't that many people fishing."
was given the mission "of locating big problem was notification. the states from Italy as a 13yearoldand The Pearsall estate took up a lot of
firefighting equipment suitable to "When the alarm was given one A converted trait orchard prayer "tm. the first fire engine used by the apparently liked what he saw the land which is called Melrose today
meet the needs of Melrose and near- because he returned It extended from what
man had to get on the telephone and Melrose Volunteer h'lre Deoartment. !Melrw Fire Department at age 17. is now
at-hand areas" (Lake Swan and try to call all the other firemen" World War I was raging and when Wynnewood street all the way Northto
Lake Rosa communities). Tom Odum was Chief then and in volunteer Julian Slade sill at the wh,eel o> MelroM't lint lire U1ICa. the United States entered the war, Little Lake Santa Fe. Col. Lee
In February of 1948 the commit 1955 a new young volunteer joined (Danrer collection, CTl-lt) young Joe enlisted in the army of his Pearsall was an avid collector of In-
tee reported locating a "1942 Ford the named but new country. dian artifacts and the boys in town
i department Rudolph the Alachua County: Commission: and With a pocket full of nothing
truck with 600-gallon tank and a Dampier. during the next seven months per determination and a belief in the After the war he was mustered out knew they had a ready market for
pump capable of delivering 800 In 1960 a new two bay fire house suaded them to purchase a fire truck people of Melrose, they went to of the service in Atlanta and there he any arrow heads they found aroundthe
I pounds of pressure, formerly used was built with a large heavy duty and let the department pay it oft on a work. They purchased Whitney'snow met a young lady named Powers lake.
for spraying" fruit trees, availablefor siren on top. The station was con- five year note with no interest. With vacant lot for $5000 with mon- from Melrose Florida. She must He had dugout canoes, clothing,
$600. structed on a lot provided by the new $19,000 fire truck, Melrose thly payments at 5% interest have made a strong impression on weapons and farm implementswhich
Assistant Fire Chief Nicholson of Alachua County next to the building became the only unincorporatedarea They organized a Ladies Auxiliaryand him because although he returned to he kept stored in a huge shed.
the Gainesville Fire Departmentwas that today houses Nancy Buz in Alachua and Putnam Coun- held rummage sales carnivalsand his job in Massachusetts, he did not Much of it is on display today at the
invited out to inspect the proposed Florist Shop. ties to provide area fire protection. fish fries. Groundbreaking was stay there long before he headed Florida State Museum in
equipment for adequacy, and a From then until 1970. the only Several other complications came set, for March 3, 1973, but after buyg south. Gainesville
demonstration was arranged atWhitney's notable change in the departmentwas with the new fire truck, however the equipment and paying down The train took him to Waldo and Fishing was one of the main
Garage across from the that Rudolph became Assistant The department would have to raiseat fi I the lot, the department was there he took passage on the"City of recreations for youngsters then.
Episcopal Church. Fire Chief in 1963. In 1970 he became least$2000 more to equip the truck broke Rudolph grabbed a shovel Melrose"through Lake Alto to Santa Francis remembers rowing out to
Harry Huffman was elected Fire Chief and this turned out to be and the old fire house was now too and started digging the footing for Fe and arrived in Melrose sometime where part of the old freight boat
Treasurer of the new Fire Depart- the beginning of a new era for the small I Rudolph and his wife Thelmaset the new 3500 square foot building aroung 1920. Here he married the struckup out of the water and climb-
ment and instructed to establish a fire department. their sights on remeding this himself. young lady went to work for Lee ing up on that for his fishing perch.
"separate treasure to avoid confu- In of Melrose Pearsall and started building a One of his fishing was
August 72 Whitney's Garage situation. They decided to buy the When the people of saw companions
sion with other funds. caught fire and when the ancient fire Whitney lot and build a new fire this happening the money started future for his new family. He raised Al Vaught.
Frank Butts and Morris Storer engine and pumper arrived on the house.At coming in. Donations as small as $1 seven sons and one daughter and Al is a great-grandson of William
were appointed to start a fund driveto scene the firemen could not get the time the department annual and even one of $10,000 poured into established a large part of the foun- Birt who first settled in Balmoral
raise "$1500 in prospect" to purchase either of the two old gasoline driven budget was less than a thousand the till. dation for today's Melrose North of Earleton and the grandsonof
the truck and other needed pumps to function. dollars. In fact if they ever managed Members of Gainesville National Many of his children and grand- Thomas Birt who owned the boat
equipment. It was estimated that an Rudolph watched helplessly as the to raise a thousand, "That was a Guard units came out to help. Professional children are still an integral part of building business in Melrose and
"average contribution of $15 from the Melrose nucleus Two of his built "The City of Melrose". Born
burned and
garage rapidly with a "fireso good year!I" They ran into a lot of op- block layers plumbers
property owners and$5 from renters hot it cracked the curb out in position from various people for electricians gave their time. sons Morris and Francis are retirednow and raised in Melrose, he served on
(more or less according to cir- and still In World War II and after that studiedfor
front". It was then he made a vow many reasons. "Melrose is too Housewifes delivered food to the living town.
cumstances) within a radius of that he was going to small", "You'll) never be able to workers and residents like John During the post World War I era, the ministry and was ordained.He .
three miles from town center would equipment for the department so raise that much money I", "Its too Haroe. Emory Perry Truman the country's economy was boom- returned home recently for
raise sufficient money to purchasethe that this would never happen again. expensive", "Melrose is too poor" ing but Melrose was not experiencing retirement after serving as District
equipment. Rudolph started negotations with and many other reasons See Pap 1S much of the prosperity, Turpen- see Paps 13



'i t Our Tenth year

r I .% Serving the Keystone Heights Melrose ftrea

: J Jf C.B. Isaac Realty

f w Setting all types of fat 'Estate and Business: Bro: rage.


C.B. Isaac, Broker

JuanitaD. Patterson Deborah J.Taylor

W-R/BilTUndsey Barbara Bragg

f Robert M. McRae Sharon Bartlett .

John E.Wyckotl' Robert Bartlett ., \'
Jim G. Walker

I Charles H. Edwards, Broker-Salesman I
c \ Charles M. Morris, Broker-Salesman

i ..

((904) ,475-2199 8706 State Road 21N

Melrose Gets New Truck... .
Metro Volunteer Fire Department's'arcond tire truck,'..Iljj.1*...lrr. "ft...piravHfd.mtfrlalnmfnt taT' -
.gram .( MrtrM **....t r<. 111. picture nat, fakes mrommSF'

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AUGUST 10, 19M1!

I Schools Play Important Role in Early DaysBy


Eric Owens couldn't take care of him there, so I do.:I tried in Orlando one year, and and French and English. But we had
Special Correspondent had to take him to Gainesville.I then my mother became ill, and thenI sort of a high schoof French was my
In 1924 Keystone Heights' first was thinking the other day about came up here, and I taught in major in college. Spanish was my ::
schoolhouse, a one-room frame how-what an easy life a school Green Cove Springs for two years minor. So I attempted to teach these. 1 i -
structure, was opened on what is teacher has today, because I used to and then I came over to Keystone. (t At one point I had to teach 4 ,,
now Commercial Circle across the have to go early in the morning began teaching in Keystone) about agriculture. Can you imagine? Oh 4t xP
street from the old egg plant. There, sometimes on cold mornings and put 1926, I would say. I retired in '62. dear, what teachers go through, I'll -
Mrs. lida Foust of Pennsylvania wood in the stove to make a fire. The building that we taught in (the tell you is pitiful. 4
taught approximately 12 students of That'd be before we had central "Old Main," formerly located on But I'll tell you,we worked.In that },.
varying ages including a young heat.I Highland Ave.) has been torn down day we had so much else to do
Frank Walrath Jr. The schoolhouse, had to be in charge of the lun- now.It was facing this way. I'm sure besides teach. In those days we had
open only six months out of the year, chroom. And I'll tell you we got a lot it's been torn down; I haven't been no nurse or doctor or anything. We
also served at first as the church of free food but you know the thingswe out there for a long time. Isn't that had so many things to do, but we
meeting place. had to have every day I had to go awful? So near and yet so far. I just managed.

To obtain educational facilities, to school to get them. haven't been out there to see what it May Kennedy taught I think 1st,
which would meet the needs of the We had good meals. At one time looks like. 2nd and 3rd grade. Something like
growing community, the residents you know we had our meals in our The first time I taught, I taught that. Some of her family still lives '' ,
campaigned for a higher tax rooms; we didn't have a lunchroom.We 6th I'd 7th and 8th. And as I remember here.I r >
millage, and in 1926, the "Old Main" just had meals served up on the it kind of start in the morning taught all the Wiggins girls (EdWiggins'
with the 6th and I'd have 6th
desks on our desks in our rooms. grade,
was constructed near the corner of daughters). There were
1 1wt
Pecan St. and Highland Ave., knownat In the early days before they had a grade arithmetic. And then they five Wiggins girls, and I taught
the time as Academy Way,on four lunchroom, momma used to fix me a would recite for me and work on the every one of them. One day a man liH u KH )
board and forth. And then the
acres of property donated by the nice lunch you know from home- so said to me, "Is there anybody you t.i .
others would be and then
Lawrence Development Co. for the sandwiches you know fixed nicely, studying haven't taught?" And I said "Not
I'd to the next grade. And had
in cellophane or something go we "
project. wrapped many people, I'll tell you. At least
like that and maybe a pudding in a English history-just American a
Mrs. Helen Kennedy drove the they passed through my room. I "
I think-and which \
first school bus, her own Model T. little cup and a salad in a cup or history math was don't know if I taught them A
When the number of students she something.And my best. subject. Well, I taught it anything. Well I sure hope they liked h: '
increased her husband the lunches these kids brought anyway.And '.
was carrying me, anyway. Y
then later I taught Spanish
couldn't believe it. One
Seth Kennedy, had a larger were-you
body custom built for the Model T to day I went into the cloak room, and I
replace the old one. had a cleaning spell and I thought
Miss Gertrude Houser taught at "Oh my goodness,what's this? And
the Old Main from the time it was I reached up (and I felt something .
first built. A few of her memories of and I pulled it down, and I thought.) I
what it was like to teach in those ear- "Oh my lands, look at this," and in a
of box what looked like old hard bread -,
ly years Keystone Heights are
related here in her own words. and it looked to me like it was rice or
something so I threw it away.And it .' .
Well in those days, a school was one of the kid's lunches.It .

teacher had to be mother, fathert came to lunch, and he said tome : < tt't.c.r : pj xt ; '
doctor-is there anything f "Miss Houser, I can't find my :: ;
remember one time a bov broke his lunch." And I said "Oh my 0 lJ"" "" -.

arm on the playground. I}had to take goodness." I said "Well, don't -,
Even In
1924 basketball in the
; was a sport area.
him to Gainesville. It took me all worry about; I'll get you a lunch." ; ; '
Making up the 1924 Keystone Heights Basketball Team were <( at the time andI So I went home and had mother
day. I was principal my I. 1
to r) Harold Lawrence Lawrence Walrath, Kyle McMurtry.
else take make him lunch.I .
had to say, "Somebody a Second row (1 to r) are Eugene Heiberger, Milton Talbert, George Will.
Gainesville. ( first came to Keystone Heights)
charge; I have to go to Don Pangborn Is standing.
Gainesville. FirstI in 1923 but I didn't teach in
So I took him to ,
''.'' !I<:t! .' Apparently this team had no school affiliation.The .
and then Keystone first. First I was in Orlan- :t
took him to Starke they < ; "
: < K Keystone Inn can be seen In the background.

y .. (Daurer collection, 3.9)Monitor

I Ducks Cause Big < -'

II: ...

Ruckus with Headline Early Post Office... Going Into

In 1952,when this picture was taken Keystone's post office was located
One lake resident, clad in
By Anne SponholULRIX1 the raiders where the Monitor office is now across from Kentucky Fried Chicken on Sixthteenth Year
EditorThere nightgown pursuing by Lawrence Blvd. Next door to the post office Dr. Don Christoffers had his .
have been events coveredby boat, observed that the three ducks office. ,

the Monitor over the years that were stuffed into a bait-box with the Later the post office moved further south down Lawrence Blvd. to
will perhaps long be remembered, lid locked. where the law offices of Lansing Roy are now located. By Anne SponholU the Monitor, Telegraph and Union I
Destination of the ducks too fat to LRM Editor
but both the coverage of the Several years ago a new facility was constructed on Commercial Cir- County Times.
proposed On 10, 1973 the Lake Region
fly is unknown and speculation by May News items and local classifiedads
Keystone Heights sewer plan and cle.The Monitor made its official debut in
the duck story seem to be the two some lake residents is they may Monitor office has undergone several face lifts since its early time are typeset at the Monitor office
have ended official's dining the area. For the Brad
stories that stand out in the minds of table. up on some with the most recent change occurring about two years ago when the out- ford County many Telegraph years had been today on compugraphic computersand
side of the office was remodeled. the disks, containing the typeset
those who remember the
early daysof
The ducks had been pets to some covering events in the lake region
the Monitor.In (Daurer collection 327 A-6) material, are taken to the Telegraph
of the Lake residents and and in 1973 the
Keystone Telegraph's manage-
office in Starke each Tuesday at :

Keystone the Heights early 70's was on the the city vergeof of would by four have years celebrated this Easter their residency : _,..._..... < _fI.Iff"'TP_ 4Qh ment known, under and distinguished the leadership newspaper of well-

obtaining; an area sewer,project, .MiJII.' .. ,-'IIJi L-JI ilif'This .J/woulct J ied, ,1U,1&IQH.,u,' UafiwsarAN.1v publisher Gene Matthews made the'' '
It became.iute 91, the most controver.", ,i "fowl't!'situation'has' been onlJ I IIGaines', ?:... decision 'to' launch ''a weekly! I? t r J \
sial subjects to face the city1council the agenda of the city council at "When do you plan to catcn"e t remaining ?? h newspaper in the lake region.As Iv
and has remained the subject of con- every meeting since early summer two ducks?" the reporter the Telegraph celebrates its
troversy to this day. It is, in fact, not
when two lake residents the H.L. asked. 110th anniversary, the Monitor "1
unusual for the subject to come up at Suttons, filed a written complaint "When I get over this cold I caughtthe celebrates sixteen years as the
city council meetings with proponents against the ducks. The Suttons other night while chasing the. area's hometown newspaper cover-
of the original plan quickly stated the ducks were a big nuisance other three," Bancul replied. ing news events, sports social hap-
speaking up and stating they were in and they wanted them removed. Many Keystone Lake residentsare essence chroniclling a !
favor of it.. It was headline news for Other Keystone Lake residents ob- protesting the removal of the history of the area for future genera- :i
over a year before it finally reached jecting to the ducks are Ethel five ducks. Of 15 residents of Lake tions. Keeping this history available *
defeat.. Wyman and Arthur Coombs. Keystone polled during August, only
The duck story involved several The ducks have been allowed to re- two residents on the lake favored the
ducks that were menacing residentson main on Keystone Lake until just removal of the controversial ducks. /-
Little Lake Keystone. To do the -lI'---
this past week after Chief Wally
entire story justice, the following is Dec. 11 Mayor Starnes stated Monday the
Muhlhofer vowed during the noon. There the copy is developed,
duck Issue has not been settled completely -
a reprint of the article that appearedin council meeting, he would"get rid of at the cut and pasted up. Ads for the 1
and will come again
the Monitor on Thursday January the ducks." Monitor are designed and typeset at ?5
3, 1974. The incident took place dur- A city ordinance reads that first council meeting.A the Telegraph using modern Appel I i

ing a time when the city of Keystone domesticated fowl cannot be kept, computers which are now being in- .I '
of the
Heights had its own police force. raised or allowed< to run loose inside captured caption ducks under appearing a picture on the tergrated into all three newspapers

the city limits. and soon replace the com
Monitor in conjunction may
front of the
When Jim Hubner of the Florida page pugraphic computers presently in
with this story reads: FLASH:
Wildlife and Game Commission was
for All photos taken
use news copy.
from j
KEYSTONE COPS The three fugitives escaped
HEADLINES: : asked if mallard ducks were con- 11 by the Monitor are also developed in
NAB 3 DUCKS: 2 EVADE LATE sidered domesticated he replied: their cell and are considered k' f Starke.Of .
NIGHT TRAPIn "Domesticated mallard ducks can dangerous Anyone knowing their the
a daring suprise late night raid be purchased the same as other whereabouts is urged to call the 7Mi,..jod MM...0oMj Monitor the is the three first newspapers one to roll off, the
last Thursday Mayor Ray Starnes such quail." Hubner Keystone Police Department.But W'H'
game birds as After the is pasted ,'
and Council Chairman Everett Fox of the ...... presses. copy up
went on to say that one of the made and the
caught Little Lake Keystone mallard ducks' wings had been clip- that wasn't the end of the story to the general public, a library of plates roll.paper are Inserts

residents off guard and used sear- ped and this being done would by any means. At 2 a.m. one morn- bound copies by year of the automatically presses placed into the paper are ,

chlights, a last boat and task force domesticate the duck. ing following the capture and subse- newspaper are available for reviewat with the aid of high tech equipment.The .
under the direction of Rookie Hubner also stated he was just a of the ducks, law enforcement both the Monitor office and the then bundled and
Patrolman Gil Banciu capturing by-stander and the Mayor had asked officials found a plastic Telegraph. papers for distribution.are
three of the controversial ducks. him to help police officer Gil Banciu duck hanging from City Hall.To this Sixteen years ago the Monitor of- ready each Thursday morning the ;
Two remaining ducks eluded their capture the ducks. day the individuals responsible for fice was located in a back room of Early
loaded and
captors when the task force was Gil Bancul was asked what fate the hanging have not been apprehended Wharton's Chevron Station on the newspapers are offices up i
forced to swiftly abandon their raidas was intended for the three ducks and the ducks remain at corner of SR 100 and SR 21, and Lin- driven first that to subscribers the area post will receive to I

irate residents gathered. already captured. He stated they large. da Wharton served as editor of the, their assure newspaper in their mail that i ,
for Todaythe
newspaper many years. day. Next each area location selling J;
offices are located at the cornerof i
'stand receives its
Lawrence Blvd. and Flamingo I
and Gene Matthews' sons-in- bundles. 3
And then its time for another edi- ; *
law John Miller and Bobby
tion of the Monitor to go into produc-s I 1
Ferguson are now publishers of the '

-- ,group of newspapers,which includes tion. -- !t 1

t tR.

Open Mon..Sat. 9:00: A.M.-5:30 P.M. Sunday 12:00-4:00 P.M. Vg

255 Lawrence Blvd. Keystone Heights 473-4076 T, LOVORW

We've Got It ,' REAL ESTATE

Everyday! \ "1",, Lawrence Blvd. I ii '
.i 473-4692 '47.3.3254' ;
'" ...I .
*. .:*; '; \. ",; : :\ !, ,', ;' ,' ,

Office.School Supplies Supplies -Crafts ,) ., '. i 1 f .. Covering the Keystone 'Heights'" < .- t '<

Party Goods"Notions" ', si, Melrose area with the best In real. "estate. ;(:w; -'< < ::; :: :.:" )

CardsToysGa es .c. .... fv,: I < '." .' 1,
Greeting I transactions. .' '
\ ..
: : I' '.
..HousswaresGlttwrap '. : ,> \ ,.,i;}t I NUl."! '...", -' "' .'",. _.'", I" ',.".,. ,' ,. .' I .. .. I,
.' "< tJf;t .JI'1" "
,. .f.(;[ .I'.hJ"'f'." I ; i
Gifts '" \t".t T' '' \ \'I\\i'\ '.' .
\ "
't-\ .
Needs )( oJ'>"l ) '. ,: r
Baby > '1.:' '"' ">11.; '" ; Stop b. .to' out"todayL ;-.;: ...,f'J. :. < ; i
Seasonal GoodsMallard's .. lilt' 1,.I"t' "-' '
Souvenirs, & \ ;, I,....: :inr _1C'" ,,' ,:'.t;:' ;-tii'wII."l; \! ;; 'Qi.. .< :'. Jf, (I, ', I :
.. t' ,
: '. ':..\ ,,: '
Lakefront e Commercial Resideiitial:: ''' '.' ,.: < j
r '
: .
5 & 10 after more than 35 years / .
L Year/Round Homes or S ots Y''
is Vacation : "
of dedicated product service and price, I .

still the store to shop in. A place where .- ._ !

friends meet; where service and,courtesy,to \{ ". Our, .taffwUl begiad':; .to"help'YoU'I'! -< _,

the customer is still #1. Come and visit the' / 'Betty iatzmnler; ro er'J1. dyMead: 'BtiinetC. '; J :

dime store yesterday, today, and the Aggie Roth: Carol Coombs.'Barbara Renfro. ...-1 .
Marie Wrinkle and Lynda Colexnan
future.. Remember, "we've got it all ft, ,,'

-, ." .,. .- ............-' '< ... ...................-. ...... ,_.-.. ,,. w.. a -.u ... .&*;.*,&. ., v. r.n.=. .. r.1 i 'it

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-- --- -- -----
--. ..- --

I Keystone Celebrates 50 Years in Big Way

Ity Anne SponholUIKM Bud Anthony served as chairmanof medallion and McKay received a Walrath, Jr. that stated: "We par-
Editor the anniversary festivities in 1975. 1925 silver dollar money clip in ticularly brig about our summer
On July 3, 1973 in conjunction with This was the area's sixth Our Coun- "recognition of their unselfish con- weather," McKay contributed
that year's Our Country Day, try Day and at the time Ray Starnes, tributions to the establishment and greatly to the future of the community. -
Keystone Heights celebrated its 50th founder of Our Country Day, was improvement of the civic and In 1959 the Gainesville Sun com-
Anniversary. First formed as a Mayor and Howard Dunn served as cultural community of Keystone." mented: "If ever there was a one-
township in 1925, Keystone Heights Commander.The man Chamber of Commerce, it's
later incorporated under a city Mrs. Christoffers was noted on S.E.McKay of Keystone." He was a
charter approved by the Florida 24th Annual Rotary Fish Fry that day for having established the charter member of Rotary and serv-
legislature in 1963. After going was also held that day at Keystone area's first Parent Teacher Association ed as president in 1951-52, the year
Beach under the direction of newly (PTA) organization at the the Rotary began its annual swim
before the legislature, the move to installed Rotary president Jimmy school. It was originally sponsoredby program.Now .
officially accept the charter and the Woman's Club, among many in its 64th year, Keystone
make Keystone Heights an incor- Bell.Gertrude M. Christoffers and S.E. other outstanding contributions to Heights can look back on its 50th
porated city was approved by the ci- McKay were named the "Outstan- the community.Prompted celebration as being a great success
ty council on February 11, 1964, a ding Citizens" of Keystone Heightsat to move to Keystone and look ahead as the turn of the cen-
move that became effective onMarch the festivities. Mrs. Christolfers Heights from New Jersey after tury rolls around with great hopes
I:?. IWM.! received a 1925 silver dollar receiving a letter from Frank for the future.


I 'Nana' was Truly A Great Soul ::: : i

By Eric Owens
Special CorrespondentEditor's of the jalousie windows through would ask, "Do you have any Hobert before sting the real of the cookies. point out the cardinals which had considered the most infamous crime
( Note: The following story which I could see the monolithic Louis Stevenson's?" One time she suggested that I might begun appearing in the yard. She, ,of the century.
is about one of Keystone Heights' palm trees standing in the front She would smile and hand me make fewer crumbs if I did not do like no one else 1 have ever known, Encouraging me to pursue my
early, prominent citizens, Gertrude yard. "Kidnapped." that.My could turn those stucco walls into a dream of becoming an ammator,she
Christoffers, as told by her grandson. mother told Nana that we had linen-cover never-ending; storybook, told me about the time she met Walt
.) come to take her out to eat. Nana a storybook of reality written Disney. She remembered excitedlythat
The last time Nana saw me she did Nana was the most modest and smiled and said that that was lovely matter-of-factly out of her own life he was working with a series
not know who I was. When my and she patted her hair and asked it and observations.One called "Out of the Inkwell," which
mother and I walked into her room sincere I have ever she looked all right. My mother said afternoon I brought a small featured animated characters leap-
at the nursing home,she was sitting person yes and that that sure was a pretty box with me over to Nana's house. ing out of the ink bottle on the
in a wheelchair while a husky nurse known a great soul who dress she was wearing. Nana brushed She followed me out to the porch, artist's desk and having adventuresin
bustled behind her, fluffing pillows her palm against her lap to and as we sat down she asked me the real world of the movie studio
and cooing that she had visitors to- managed to stand tall among smoothe out her skirt and returned a what I had there. I proudly poured instead of in the animate wort
day. As I stepped out from behind thank you. As we left the room and the contents of the box onto the card-
my mother,Nana looked up at me in giants and provide shade for the turned into the corridor, I felt self- table and told her it was a model of a Ii I
friendly unrecognition and asked conscious in the midst of their chat, Fokker DR I, the triplane flown by i II
"And who's this" rest of us. but as I pushed Nana's wheelchair the Red Baron. She picked up the
Nana folded her hands in her lap down the hall, I somehow felt my box and began to read the biographyof I
and smiled politely as I told her my own silence was explained by the the Red Baron Manfred von
name. I had to tell her twice. She Long ago the trees had been "Tennyson,anyone?"I would ask, rubber wheels_ purring against the Richthofen. She pronounced the Ger-
looked at my mother and com- damaged by the rising waters of although it would be another year or linoleum- man.
mented that I did not enunciate very Lake Geneva, which caused the so until I would understand the pun. She began talking about the Flying
well. The air was laced with the feather-like fronds to grow in two She would hand me "The Chargeof Circus,the group of fighter pilots the
trace of syrups and ointments. It distinct patches. A few grew up the Light Brigade,"and as the Six Red Baron commanded during the
smacked of Sunday afternoon slow straight up, like antennae from the Hundred rode forward into the 1 1 Great War. She said that their
mass cooking, of wet coughs at tops of the trees, while a few others Valley of Death, she would offer me strategy was to fly high and always
folding tables, and of digestable cap- grew slightly downward,just below an even bigger smile, a laugh,and a stay between the sun and the enemy,
sules pushed into gelatin.As alwaysthe like muiti-phalanged tentacles, antias handshake, always leaving me so that the enemy always had to look
clear plastic comb held her a young boy I imagined the trees wondering just how much she had into the sun to engage in combat.She
shock of virgin snow white hair in to be an envoy of gigantic unipedal had to do with my recent victory. w said that Richthofen was finally shot
perfect place. She still, smiling spacemen.As And victory was always cause fora down because he neglected to follow Recently I read a history of Disney
through gentle eyes,I felt the sterile the breeze drifted in from the celebration,and Nana was always My mother had asked me to go his own strategy. productions, and I found out that
white walls of the nursing home lake,it slipped through the fingers of prepared for the occasion with a with her to the nursing home that Disney had in fact studied the "Outof
close in and press against us as a the fronds, and from the porch I seemingly endless supply of Dutch day. She went faithfully every Sun I looked up from my model when the Inkwell" series-to "plus" the
weakening body collapses to crush a would watch the aliens wave with chocolate ice cream In her freezer day and always asked me to go with she told me that she had met him, idea,as he would have said.! He usedit
great soul. the friendly gestures of giants. I and an assortment of cookies in her her, but I avoided going. I knew mentioning it as if it had never to design the"Alice"series,which
I thought of the strong and sparkl- thought of soft slow footsteps on the pantry. She insisted on dishing out what was happening to Nana, and I before occurred to her to tell me. featured live actors interacting with
ing stucco walls of a house huddled tile floor and of ice cubes clinking in the dessert herself,and she patiently did not want to see it. I knew, They were introduced at a party ap- animated characters against an
beneath a canopy of oak branches green glasses of cool lemonade, and endured my eight-year-old eating because when I asked how Nana was parently sometime before America animated background. Today we
and swaying Spanish moss where of Nana and me at the card table habits. Nana, who had previously doing, my mother would sometimessay overtly entered the war effort. She can see the results of his experimentation -
Nana walked by azalea bushes to fishing away summer Sunday alter- lived in a household of dinner "Today she didn't recognizeme. remembered him to me as being in"Who Framed Roger Rab-
pull the sun-dried,stiff laundry from noons. jackets and candlelit meals, would ." My mother went and stayed very charming, and I wish now that bit?" Nana had walked through his
the line. I remembered waiting on Our Go Fish game was called watch as I systematically twisted every Sunday regardless. She said eight-year-olds knew to be more interested studio during the genesis of ground
the porch as a young boy, seated at Authors.The object was to collect all apart the Nutter Butters in my dish she hoped I would do the same for in people and their per- breaking cinematic technology,
the table and holding the deck of four of the given titles of an author's and scraped the peanut butter from her someday, sonalities.\ To this day I do not know several years beJp.rfljPftnev.{ :\ drew
cards for our game d looking out works. Instead_of asking! for.kings!!.. the cookie halves with my teeth I remember how I used 'to run how muc&XM bitieraWAhe' had his mousfi,.., .,,,? ) I..,,..,;;..
down the dirt road to Nana's house had to read from the box lid.
and arrive at the kitchen door hot Nana's life was miraculously One day we somehow got onto the
and out of breath. She would send marked with the gift of coincidence.Not subject of tomahawks.She said that
me on to the porch,and she would be only had she met the Red Baronat Indians did not make tomahawks the
there in a minute with something for a party, but she told me how one way Hollywood portrayed them,as a
us to drink, and I remember how evening at a stoplight she looked triangular rock fastened t to n forked
quickly the day would disappear as over at the next car and said hello to
we sat at the cardtable, our Charles Lindbergh and his tyker
lemonade glasses resting neatly on son, Charles, Jr. That happened
Lawrence Blvd. folded napkins,stopping our conver- shortly before the Lindbergh kidnap- Nana, MO pace 15SABO.S
sations just long enough for her to ping because what would soon be

Keystone Heights


i SABfl

Italian American




21 North

Keystone Heights


Our Drug Store has been the focal point of

activities since the early days of Keystone Heights. You really don't have to Wa fora

: We are the official meeting place in Keystone and

have been for years. special occasion to 'Visit Sabo's

:: Laura Dean carries on the tradition of Bill

Belote, who established the tradition of Their menu has something'for everyone,

personalized service above and beyond any big city that's evident when you take your favorite

drug store. person out to eat on Friday night at Sabo's

At Dean's Drugs, you will meet some of the and see everyone else from Keystone I

friendliest people you would ever want to meet. Heights there.

Their sales staff and other personnel make it a

treat, in more ways than one, to patronize them. Truly The Place To Be in

I Keystone Heights.
Dean's Drugs carrieson ....

the tradition of

personalized service Their Restaurant with a Lakefront View
i with the most modern '
pharmacy techniques that equals none is where
.. available. Thispersonalized business deals are ''made,' ,'" "

service to
J F our customers will

3 $ never change.

A 1 ." Sdbo's owners and their staff congratulate

n Laura Dean truly cares about your good health the Monitor reporting the history of

,Heights. Thanks

and is a big part of Keystone Heights history patronizing Keystone their restaurant, Keystone for all, 'these,.for

today. years.
..' ;'T"0 -
-- '"'"""\ ,-
1" \ ,
.- .-. -.. .. ., .

1 t ii

-' -
-- ---

PAGE SEVEN Sr('Linn Tun j

I Inn Built, Focal Point of Lake Region: -,<>>' 1 +,. I

By Eric Owens
Special Correspondent early were conducted over the From the first day of Its operation the
delegates were extremely indig-
In the early 1920',. before ground of the Keystone development the Inn had functioned as the hub of! nant about their housing ar-
Keystone Heights became a reported overlooking social and economic life in rangements, and one delegate In
under construction
towns hip, the Lawrence Develop Keystone. It provided a meeting particular complained so frequently ) i
ment Co. founded Keystone Lake, as well as a for social and civic
place organiza-- and vehemently that the hotel ,
building number of large houses which
Lawrence began were tions, and because it provided at-
employees dubbed her "Miss Pitt-
Keystone inn, a resort residence already completed and occupied. tractive place for potential investorsto sburgh" and conveniently avoided

that Lawrence hoped would attract Bradford According to an I'elegranPhTof stay, it was largely responsible 3., .
potential settlers and County for the growth of the community her.Yet ;: ,
investor to January 4,1924 the keynote for theceletion after a week, the delegates left
the during its .
area. that early years.In with a favorable impression of
Jess Lawrence, John's brother, evening was the course of the New Year's In fact the
cooperation. The guests from surrounding Keystone Heights. na-
Day grand opening celebration in
supervised thin
construction; tional president's husband, com-
communities voiced their
1924, once the meal the
was over,
,Stevens.the John Lawrence'snephew approval of what they had seen and men asked the women to retire to the poser Edgar Stillman Kelly, returned }
superintendant. The construction pledged their support of a programto lobby while they remained in .the the following year to Keystone to /
constructioncrew develop and the lakeregion sperid'the winter at the Inn. The
consisted of local such promote dining room to set up a Board of
the Sargents. the men as as well as to promote north Trade. In the lobby the women Walraths said that he would get so
Stanleys and the
Florida viable and absorbed in his work that time
as a one
Bakers, with Don Pangborn having competitive decided to form an organization as i is I
alternative to the resort he complained that there"was
com- no
cut the Bills for the Inn by hand. well so they founded the Woman'sClub. \
munities and Investment opportunities heat in his room when he had left the
An energetic hardware store found further south in the window When Walrath pointed I
owner from Green Cove Spring In fact, one of the brightest pointsin open.

named Ed Wiggins,who would later state. the Inn's history is that during the to"Oh the, I didn't window notice., Kelly" responded,

play a crucial In
part the-develo Some other at
ment of the city, was contracted to Jacksonville would prominent guests
People from the Inn were Florida Governor JohnW.
furnish the and
wiring plumbing for
Martin and
the new Inn.Apparently. Attorney' General, !
come down for tire tveeltend.
Johnson, both of whom visited'
the Inn wa's
Keystone Heights in January 1928.
The designed as a two-story building. They'd drive down hero on Before the Depression, students
builders decided ct the last
minute to add the third floor. The Sunday and have dinner there. from the University<< of Florida used
the Inn for their socials. Fraternities
Inn was completed late In 123 at a
often planned for breakfasts there to
cost of 50000. .

The Inn was reported to be .Gainesville follow their the previous dances evening.held in rrThe ,.," .. ...- ,, .. ..""".' ......
modern I think about It I tire
In large,
every aspect: comfortable now; see The University of Florida football
rooms, connecting
hot and cold running water, and: old hotel there and think about'well -- team used to stay at the Inn the eve
of the The
electricity and telephones In homecoming game. Beginning...
room. The notable features of the e-ery interior people wouldn't think of coaches would take the players out when the Inn
the of Gainesville to keep them out of thepregame This picture of the Keystone Inn was taken around 1923
were staircase and the
that celebrations to make certain was under construction.Once .
large fireplace.On doing. now. constructed the Inn served as a cultural and social center for the
fit for the next
New Year's Eve, 1923, the officials they stayed day'sgame. fire I In the 1950's. It
of Keystone Heights held a Once in Keystone,the playerswere entire lake region, until It was partially destroyed by

dinner at the Inn < fe not allowed to make any phoqe has never been restored or re-opened. .
party as a .t<
to its grand opening on New f'4 Year's Second, to reinforce the evening's 1920's it served as the headquartersfor calls and had to be in bed by 9 p.m. Photo courtsey of Mr*. Don Pangborn. '
The focus'' on north Florida as an invest- a convention of the National (Daurer collection 341-6> :
Day.relations party was to part demonstratehow of a public ment OPPOrtunity. H.M. deMont-<< Federation of Woman's Clubs, Gradually, tourism from the nor

successfully program the Lawrence mollin of >Palatka Mayor C.L. Peekof hosting delegates from every statein thern states dwindled, and the vaca- Ironically, the owner of the Inn at Smysor, a wealthy Gainesville in-

Development Company bad Stance, and G.M. MacDonnugh of the nation. tioners from the surrounding cities the time William F. LaMorte of vestor, purchased the Inn for a

developed Keystone Heights. Jacksonville were appointed to Unfortunately, the person who such as Gainesville or Jacksonville New York City, was the owner of a reported $18,000 and has declined

) 150 guests attended develop a North Florida Chamber of sent out the invitations for the con- preferred to rent or own their own fireproof building materials firm either to repair and reopen the Inn
Approximately the dinner Commerce.On vention, overzealous about the Inn'a cottages or summer homes. By the and had recently completed $40,000in or to sell it to those who would like to

citizens from,Green including Cove prominent Springs, New Year's Day, 1924, the Inn accommodations, promised private mid-1950's, the number of visitors to repairs to the Inn. That weekendhe see it restored, including a group ot
Starke and other held an open house diruer. For the rooms and private baths to all of the the Inn had declined so much that it was in Keystone negotiating the restorers/developers from
surrounding -
towns. The who arrived next several years, open house New delegates. When they arrived at the no longer served meals. sale of the Inn and had left to returnto Gainesville who offered him a
guests : Year's parties were held at the Inn Inn, it was already partially filled The most tragic event in the New York only hours before the reported $185,000.
The guests there immediately. to celebrate anniversary of its with the regular winter guests, and history of the Inn occured around 9 fire broke out.

displayed this spirit of cooperationin .opening, wherein all the townspeople the owners, Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. p.m. on Sunday, October 4, 1954 ......

two ways. First J.J. Walsh, wOuld-gather for community Walrath, Sr., were hard pressed to when a fire broke out on the third It was reported that the losses Helen Demery was the first
General Superintendant for the singing end refreshments. The'Inn's find them adequate accommodations. floor.The fire destroyed much of the were well-covered by insurance,and woman to sit on the city council in

Georgia Southern Railroad, agreedto facilities,however,were Inadequate third floor and the two lower floors for the some time there was some 1937 and Margaret Tracy was
move the depot from Brooklyn to accommodate everyone in the Many of the wealthy visitors had suffered from severe water damage. local speculation as to whether or elected the second woman to the

FL to Keystone Heights and pledgedbetter growing town, and eventually the to be crowded onto 'Jie semiprivatethird Cam Bastedo, fire chief at the time, not the;Inn would be reopened. council in 1938.

transportation and com- New Year's tradition was carried on floor, while other guests were estimated the damage to be about Shortly after the fire, however. Paul ......
munication facilities for the future. through private dinner parties. housed with local residents. At first, $25.000.

II Has Keystone Lost Part of Its Heritage as France Did? I

"n '*." ua r .v. ..b- -*. .ilww.JIU.1. ,.. >(. ? ,,> dlr., ,, .....,.,.. -.._..-.._. ..,.,... .. ....,.,.., ...- ,.?....,.., nu.rn.r.... A..1 ...
W'; ,i}<,VI' ;.i- .11 ...11I.;! ', ,1. ,,111 ,
I llBfefIclOw'e'ns'1) 1"", 1"1"'J c J II .Jq '. 1,'> & 'i ol zu'w to of do"'J .!;}o i A. )11oUJlatWfIlIb : r ;; lv ';: t. p etngi'lt; / t;aliew
'" ,At the time the French i authorities Rumor has it j SiH sor'o'the JitH\1116"\ !OJ1If.roq't: bWbme: fHr3tS1 fARls8t1' "o' :,1ha.0 prffiisieit SleleiF'e' viinr+cr the
Correspondent' ;
Special Editor's Note were concerned about the welfare or current /n' b'f'Y1ur'lrln, is IlJS!d rltfflieffiSl'f wd f t'tI "eitaW'iiuring ever happening again, .is a.. ," Inl-"l 1 j and artists and .
( citizens 01'France"
: During preparation the paintings, but were certain they nice polite man. That may be true; I .the Inn's.grand opening celebration. wish in.a scrapbook. "
of this special editonthe,the writerof ", . allover the world
t' alike
would eventually be returned. They have never met him. But neither' If 'you' sk these residents about t ,h. .. !t. art lover
had their
occasion of
following piece aid that usually when art objectsare have I met the man who ordered the the Inn, you can see in their expressions -have been deprived of part
fire In
to do considerable research regarding The Inn was damaged by cultural heritage by the tunnel-
stolen those who take them are
the Keystone Inn.This research 1954 and In spite of the damage visionpossesslveness of a greedy
Invoked about the more interested in the money they reportedly having been wellcoveredby '
strong feelings can get for them than in the objects Insurance, and In spite of the anticipation m_ an..
condition of the Inn today and
upon themselves. expected to hear The Inn was the center of social was the
sharing these feelings with the They that it would reopen, !Mr, I thought It Important that

editor writer Eric Owens was .encouraged from the thieves several months activities. We used to have bridge Smysor who shortly after the fire 1 residents of Keystone Heights know
to bring to our readers the later demanding money for the safe bought the 38-room Inn located on what has happen to their heritage as
return of pie work. of the most beautiful of well. Perhaps, like the mysteriousart
Insight into the Inn he gained parties and dances and weddings.We one pieces
collector in France Mr. Smysor
through this research. Thus this property In the city for a reported
Months later however, the police
story was born. It could prehaps not had beard nothing..Not only had they left the funerals for the 18000. has refused to restore It, to knows all too well is of that greater the buildinghe Importance -
maintain it, to allow people Inside or possesses
be put into a better perspective/ not heard from whomever had taken the deed.
than the signature on
has been captured here.) the work, but they themselves had church. to sell It to those, who. would., i t

no leads as to who might have done I '. ," ; .
for the investigation .; ;
it. One
spokesman .f '. I.. .
Several years ago,shortly before I admitted dismally that it was ,
went to France to attend school possible that these great works had stealing of the "Impression, Soleil that they remember it as a .....: I j :""f

; there,a group of armed men entered disappeared Into someone's private levant. He might be nice and politeas happier place than it is now. Unfor- During war time, it was learned J., .f. ". {.:1.... ),. :',

the Orarfiwie, an art museum in collection that we might never see well. '. tunately, many of us, perhaps most that a Frank A. Cox, who supplied .

Paris, and stole Monet's "Impression them again.I I have met, however, residentswho of us, know the Inn only as the vacant milk to the town, was classified 1-A"
Soleil levant," the work which remember the Inn as a con- relic across the street from city on the draft list. The couneil-formed
initiated the impressionist move- remember vividly how angry tributing social and economic force hall. a special committee to visit the draft

ment. and frustrated one of my classmateswas. to Keystone Heights, important for board to see If Cox could be considered -
A devoted art lover and fan of for a deferrment so the
historical from
its role in the developmentof Fifty years ago people came
The curator of the museum aid impressionism, she told me with a the city. There are still a handfull >.as far away ... New,York and Pennsylvania citizens of the town could.' be assuredthe 't t. 1 t
what they long face about her trip to the of people living here who rememberthe to spend their,vacations delivery, of milk' ; M / I. .. ..
the men knew exactly ......
viewed the
where she
for that they were not Orangerie entire history of the Inn from the "the Inn. Today we often leave town
were looking "
discolored rectangle where the 1m- time it built in 1923. : there Sta'r'nes served
steal was for entertainment. Certainly While Ray as
to just :
trying anything .
simply pression, Soled levant" once hung.I and clubs for the
the museum. They told the are local restaurants 'Mayor ((1968 through-1975) controversial

visitors at the museum to lie down, They remember use dinners, the dinner, drinking, and dancing, but sewage treatment system

and they walked directly to the pain- remembered that story the other dances, the card games and the wed- none o' them can compare to what for the community was denied.

ting took it along with a very few day as I drove past the Keystone dings. They can tell you that theWomen's the Inn was. Starnes will probably long be
founder of Our
Club started there; on remembered as the
and left.
works Inn.
other priceless At one time the Governor of Country Day celebration held in'

Florida came and stayed at the Inn. Keystone Heights each July 4.,

...... .

: .



Pizza & Subs 40 ,It .- ,

Independent 1' '- This was a common scene along

., ;" Across from ;, : : Lawrence Blvd. around 1951 before
u' : ., wai widened and the large
:11 : the street
.. :
Post OfficeKeystone 473-0272 hO.tNT Ag' eBetty's trees removed.
V. _.. ,
Heights .

I ,
\0. 'J; I' ,"

Place ; '
i > : 1


Hwy'26 West ; INSURANCE, : ; .- : .

.. 475-3256 3 Blocks from SR 21 ., r .

;i Melrose \ :; P.p. Bone.920 . .
: .rr:r :,!,; r. : :f.! ; .,I:
.i EDSt26B6).,,' .'M" tv "
';: In' Keystone Heights, !;,;,"II, 4;
,J ; .
; t p 'dI.Pw.: ._ .. .!t'j't'i p"+ ; \ ,

".... '"'. ;r. Family Owned and and Operated'Abbott i-:' I I (904) 4732o' ;-f"!I;,:';(1" A\\ > r

'" ;% i ; by Betty t 1 j. .; ; : ; ', .t

.. Mark & Debbie Powella ': ; .
I ( : :" > j01./ : .

'J', I ,.'... .," '. } 1 i ,te--Yt rtlt7 fmr
.. All: 'state a .. '">. '" :;... ., r. '
(1 .i,
t .i I, .. ,

A4i- ,.I... ,: .......-- .r
: .
: ': ;" 1 .' shows the present site

'. :--..-...... ..'... .,1 1r. \ of This Kentucky picture l Fried 'Mckea at the
,\ f : 81"..
1'a I T corner of 8R lot and Lawrence i1t
was reported to have. been taken

around 1M3.Annexation.

'" Friendly Service. z } uFia CASUALlY. ......' a

vlutn Owner Insurance> got a green light in the
FREE Delivery limits were extended
lk..F/otne Ces tuskt. tiIPN. 60's when from the Peach town's St. to where they

" 7'.... ____ _.........-... ...... 'are today.

'I A

{'':' A. ........." -

..., '. "U. II "+ 1 .. "
r .._ -- --- _
't" .
.",) ,

PAUK IGIIT, Section TWO KK. ,MirolUH>> 'OUN: "r\ TtIEiIt'\i.--: "-- A\M\: : : KKS: .\ln' ---- AUGUST 10, 19H1!)
---. ..
u -...




r ,

sc s ,

% J I.y .. ...) ... ....... ; ,' -;- .

:-.1- ..
First Lawrence Home
Shown (1 I Ito r) are Agnes and John Lawrence. First Lawrence Home

Jess Lawrence and seated I is 540 Lawrence Blvd.
John's father. Hi ram Laurent'e Picture taken recently shows ((1 I Ito r)
540 Lawrence Blvd. Lynda Gayle Roberts with owner Barbara Rucker

-e ,


....,. --.0.

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l ; JflE : _n____ OJ_: -- -_______..._.:.-...........,..-:"'f .., '"" .', ....
.. .

I Original John Bird I Home 220 E. Lakeview Drive
355 Magnolia

r... _, ..___._ .00 ___

4 +

J e Mtw

fih r I I1 w

t _
!tf .,. .
h' .
.. "" .... ,.,. .. .t }
I :r. ikrlrr
-- hte.Y ;. fA. TM"* .:\l4 J..I ..1 ;\ :,,1. of, i f r jam" .
'b'l' i' \ R
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----- --- -- - -- "" ._._- .- .. ... .. '-

645 E. k".WD"VO Original Pangborn Home

350 Lawrence Blvd.



Area's Past Mingles With FutureBy

Anne Sponholtz Lonnie and Barbara Rucker. here In the early days of Keystone
LRM Editor The photo of the Agnes Lawrence Heights. Much to our surprise, we
i One thing we discovered while doing home on Heron St.. purchased Identified nearly 40 homes that date
this special edition. Is how around 1940 by Bert Christoffers.Sr. back to the early days of our community -

significantly the past mingles with .. shows a significantly higher .
_. .' the future. Evidence of that Is level of Lake Geneva than we know It is most noteworthy that one of
1 't' ; perhaps no more profoundly sym today. Clay County's oldest homes, in fart
? 't bolized than in the old historical Many of these homes have been perhaps the oldest is located east of

homes of Keystone Heights now oc- remodeled In recent years and many Keystone Heights on CR 219 off SR
cupied by their present day owners. are being remodeled. This photo 100. It was apparently built around
It was also amazing to find so layout captures only a small portionof 1852 and around 1895 was purchasedby
many older homes still standing and the many, many homes that weretrom the Baker family. It Is presently
many restored. Rather than being owned by Milton Starnes and has
clustered In one area of the community recently been remodeled.It .
the older homes were found Is certainly worth while to lake a
throughout the town. few minutes to
walk the streets of
'7' .. ... .': .Iv. '. '... As you can see from the photos s Keystone Heights or drive along the

; ifr- ., :: ..: stucco was definitely the exterior out- l.tbe-way roads and see first

___.,...... -. ._..._ ; L _. .. _. ",,- ...t. design favored by the early builders.It's A hand the older homes of Keystone.
.n -- --- me .,. ,. ._ '_ .-r. -.r ;:, interesting to note that the We hope these will lend
i,;. ",' .."'. _..__"r. ....l..H. .., *.... .r original Lawrence home photos a
was u prefab glimpse of the older homes of our
I Sears house. It was constructedIn
Home community and how these homes
Original 465 Lakeview Dan Reamer Drive the 1920's and Is owned today by have Intergrated Into modern day

n'Key.ton.. n___..,
-- -

Tidbits. other was property located on the Clay County saw a turnover dur- them end of the county gave victory tne minutes that the high water bably not be resolved "for
east side of Commercial Circle As ing the last election in party tn the Republicans. mark in Lake Geneva had reached sometime to tully
we go to press the end of May allegiance. The which for come.
county its peak, flooding many homes on
stirredmuch ......
Rezoning was probably the hottest another matter has
zoning many years was staunch Democrat the lake. ......
issue facing the city council in the controversy and that's the country did a reverslal with all but The first police protection was The date
...... exact has not been
past few years. Two zoning issues Keystone Recreation Association's one of the winning candidates on the available by way ui a hired town firmed but con-
caused law suits to be filed and In request to use the vacant lot across ballot being Republican. This also Marshall during the term of H.L. Garbage costs remain a problemfor days of, sometime in the early
both Incidents the rezoning voted on from St. William Catholic Church meant the defeat of 24-years of lake Morgan in 1953. At that time it was both Clay County and the City of fathers Keystone Heights the city
by the council was overturned. One and Keystone Elementary School fora region resident Jennings Murrhee as also decided to pay the council and Keystone Heights. Two years ago the purchased 52 lamp poets for
in residential field. The outcome of that $2 meetlnp. the city instituted a users fee to help price of $10 each from Ed Wig
area question was a large soccer sheriff pf Clay County. Interestingly Mayor per Once
gins. these
area off Nightengale behind the will be decided after this edition enough the Keystone Heights area ...... distribute the cost of collecting and stalled and lamp posts were In-
dumping garbage. The problem of lit;Lawrence Blvd. was
businesses on Lawrence Blvd. and goes to press. remained strong In the Democrat 1946 was a good year for lake
garbage and iU cost keeps comingup given the name "The White "
...... Way.
the Commercial Circle area and the while and noted .
the it
corner votes from the nor- levels,in the area was at council meetings and will pro- ...-


\ ... -.,--.-.- .- ... ..
--- -- ---- --- -- - -- - ---- -- -- --------- -- __.
< 1. ... r ___-..---_:-."':;:"".""' .r ; = -" E T----- =-=?'"'* : -----... -,.._ ,"71>'.''' """,, ''!I.;<;A.'.'' ''''''''''''''----..::::::--- y .. -. -. I

- -

I ?



AUGUST 10. 19K9 -- __ I I II
n _
BRADFORD ----- -- _
:"' "\.IIr. ..... ._.-. -- -- -- -- ---. I'AK. :MM-:. SC-- 'IIIHI. 'I_'.wo 'I I



1 yiYj

i sdd

d 1 'fi

S i

I .

....."-' _._. .

125 Citrus Ave. Keystone Beach Pavilion
Build around 1922 I

.' -- .- __...,. ____ nun _.- -_.


j .


+ t. +

III 1111111 ;, 1 i II Ilill It i


-- .

130 Sylvan Way

225 East Lakeviov

...... *

Ironically, in the 1940's there was 1M" gL3afe );,
c. much objection voiced when an application
by "Thompson" was made
to purchase land for a filing station
t and lunch room, on the property
l presently occuppied by Patrick's
Pub on SK 100 and Commercial Cir ....
"The council objected to Mr.
Thompson creating a dance hall or
selling any intoxicating liquorMr: !
Thompson assured the council there
would be no liquor sold on the
premises and that he. would do
r nothing in any way would be
'detrimental to the Heights'
Z a "lie told the council he wanted to
build a lunch room with a beer per
mit .and filing station
1II1r "During the discussion the council
stated that 'it was not their intention
in anyway to block !Mr Thompson's
enterprise, but that the luture of the !
Heights and the protection of our -
children is our first consideration'."
...... i
r ...... Ray Starnes D.R. Holt and Frank a
A hotly contested race for city Ilgen are shown her (Ito r) stan
council occurred again in 1940 bet- ding In front of Community Chirslian .
ween D.E. Pangborn and G.E. Wig- Church on June 12, 1968 shortly 1
Another Agnes Lawrence Home gins when both received 35 votes after It was built.
Later Purchased by Christof fers each. A special election was called
Heron and Pangborn beat Wiggins by 46-27.
I Lawrence Home ......

340 Jasmine Ave. .

1949 at the request of Councilwoman

...... Camille Stewart. The request was
made In order for her to listen to Fib-
Traffic problems plagued the com- ber McGee and Molly's popular
munity in its early days and in 1927
radio programs. The city received a
presiding Marshall in the town was plaque from the producers of the
instructed to ask car owners to show when they heard of the changein I
"park their cars on the right side of **
the streets, at a right angle to the meeting nights....... V *I&i&K&* Mx.U MTi. i' -- Cvr"**
curb." & /
t Stray dogs became a problem during
In 1928 the audit showed the city to
be short $137 and the minutes stated the term R. Lindsay Walker 5
"former" treasurer was served as Mayor from 1962-63. It was
t that the
notified to clear up the shortage reported that several stray dogs it-* -
within 30 days.The former treasurer were finally rounded up and taken toWalker's
appeared before the Council, statedhe service station at the cor-
ner of SR 100 and SR 21 by Police
of the shortage,
was not aware
Chief Wally Muhlhofer. When
settle the matteron
but was willing what to do with the Walker
ended the
a 50-50 basis, and so
said he didn't care, "lustsomething"
financial woes of the city.
so Mulhofer turned the
dogs loose at Walker's __
...... ...... station.
In 1934 while Louis A. Miller serv- ktr'J
ed as Mayor, a request was made to
the state road department or pro-
viding signs designating the
town limits. The
Keystone Heights
This picture was taken from SR 28 riiii
Blvd. The signs were posted on Highway
100 Just east of Lawrence (which is now SR 100).
picture was taken around ......
Beasiey. who served 1 as In the mid 30's illegal fishing in
Mayor Les Lake Geneva became a problem,
Mayor from 1964 until 1965 saw the with poachers getting a good price
present city hall built, a project that for the big black bass coming out of
brought much opposition with prominent the lake. Now weren't those the good
citizens Roy Watkins and
old days?
Ray Starnes vocally opposing the ......
project. Apparently law suits were

filed against the building of the city ...... .
hall, which was paid for within seven .
and no additional taxes were According to an article in the
years Imposed on city residents. Monitor on the town's early history, Original Houser Home I
Beasley was also Mayor at the in 1941 the town council passed an or- 250 E. Lakeview
official/ becamea dinance (later omitted), excluding
time the new town
charter was adopted anyone other than the Caucasianrace ing a special touch of landscaping to
through city when the state legislature In 1963 from dwelling in the city of the other men for wouldn't several even speak to each our community. The City continuesto In the early 60's when M.L. (Lea)
the council In 1964, Keystone Heights. years. be named "Tree City USA" in Beasley served as Mayor Lawrence
and approved by G.E. out
Wiggins came on tops
...... Blvd. was widened and trees were
OwnCandEmValcate ...... during this election by four votes great part from Leona's efforts. removed that shaded the park ben-
over Walrath. Lynda Gayle Roberts now holds ches that lined "The White Way".
In 1942 while Sidney Church was
committee to have the City Clerk position, Jennie Um-
served the ......
...... Mayor beer became a legal commodity ...... phenour is City Bookkeeper and
city incorporated....... Outside' peddlers were an un- within the city limits and a In 1989 Mayor William Beam Karen McGill serves as Waste In the late 20's the council received -
...... wanted nwsance and during the meeting at the Woman's Club was serves as Mayor and Archie Green Is Management Clerk. numerous citizen complaints
In 1988 the City Council determined .- term of Mayor F.M. Walrath, Sr. in held to inform citizens what they City Council Chairman. Other James Beeler serves as Street regarding cattle and swine tramping
1 that the city limits actually extended 1928, he called for an ordinance to should do in the event"Nazies ould" members of the council are Susan Supervisor, Emory Beck is City through gardens. In fact, one of the
beyond where they Had place a fee on those outsiders get to us here in Keystone Heights. Fraser, Jack Raleigh, John Ruffini Mechanic and Parks Supervisor, early controversies facing the council
originally thought to be. At the end wishing to peddle their wares in the ...... and Mary Thacker.A Sheridan McArthur is Heavy Equip- was about the fact a construction
of that council voted to officially city. Walrath called the peddlers"an A history of the area appearing in staff of eight individuals run the ment Operator and Henry Brunson company located la the city limits d
Include an area north of SR injustice to merchants of the the Monitor reported that December city's day to day affairs. Leona serves as Facilities Manager for housed a mule team. q

100 and east of Commercial Circle town." ...... 1938 was one of the hottest political Terry stepped down this year after Keystone Heights Airpark. After. a motion to have the mule' .3
Into IVr.the city controversa: vote that campaigns seen in the city. many years as City Clerk and now David LaCroix is City Attorney team re-located ".. far north of the ....
brouaht much y and some "It was reported by sources that serves as Assistant City Clerk. Ed Draper City Auditor and George tracks as po IIlbJe" it was reported! ''s
Indivlduals say is still not resolved. Perhaps the only time the regular remember the incident well, that Leona has made quite a name for DeSha holds the position of Building to the council on May 13, 1iS that ,
...... scheduled meeting day for the city when F.M. Walrath Sr. announcedhis herself as helping, many times on a Inspector. the mule teem had been mn cid.
council was changed occurred in candidacy against G.E. Wiggins, personal basis to plant trees and br- ...... Iiu

" - -- - - ... ---.-.- .. - -. 4 _ ._ .- h _. ._....
-- - -

.. 1 ..'
__ .

V ; V

.. r

--- ------ -- -

I Helen Kennedy Reflects on the Past, Lake Area's Early Days }'

., -

(Editor's Note: In the following carpenter. He lived in Melrose, and of years ago I guess-something like
story, long time resident Mrs. Helen they come across the lake They'd that. But I was very glad to think I
Baker Kennedy, wife of the lute Seth bring them down to the lake with a was one that was at the other one,
Kennedy, shared with reporter Eric horse buggy or whatever, and then too, and I had worked In it so hard.
Owens many of her early recollections they'd come across it in a boat and There used to be quite a fewtherewas
of the lake region) they camped over here all week some orange groves, not so
We had about BIX) acres pf ptxitn while they were bUIlding. Then much right around here, althoughover .
groves here at that time (19241) they'd go back. on that road going to Melroseby
That's something else that not many He was very active in the Baptist Swan Lake there was orange
people remember too. But there was rhiirrh nf Melrose and Saturday groves there, and around Melrose
about 800 acres In the vicinity of

pecan groves that people from the .
North put out. They thought it was
Ed little
going to be a good investment, and Wiggins was a bitty

my father (CD.F. "Dave" Baker) foul he wouldn't
took care of them, of the groves, set fallow, ( weighover
them out, worked them, and husband
my 135 lb.. but lie was live
worked with him, and he had ,., a

his horses. wire.and .
And Mr. Ed Larson went to
Tallahassee and had that little bit
over there (property east of Com-
mercial Circle) took out of the townso Sunday, that was his--he didn't there was large orange groves.
he could have his horses over carpenter; he didn't do anything. He And even when I first came here s.M .
WAS at church. they used to ship strawberries and
there, so when they were
all from the at Old
about it I knew what happened But I cannot say for sun if he did Brooklyn. Of course depot they up had no ? Art .
And you know we used to have u the carpenter work He did not run trucks and things then; they had to
depot in Keystone. It was right there the hotel. The Lees had a big hoar ship them by tram But they grew + .r
the railroad. There wasn't muchof
ding house in Melrose, which is still strawberries and shipped from
a depot really. Don Panghorn you standing It has been painted recently .
around here.
know Had the lumber yard and he I didn't know it was painted until le
(Lake Geneva) never had any ti.b .
handled the express and everything not too long ago; I went by But that
town know
things they
you ; never incorporated
from his place.
the house, they kept
was boarding
They still have of course
It wasn t really depot in Keystone, +
boarders. Mrs Lee was my mothermlaw's -
the office. They tried to move it
I there. The at post
am depot
wrong was sister It was al in the famiiy '
Lake Geneva and Old Brooklyn. to Keystone one time, but there wasa
few that fought for it and it
There was depots there. I have a picture kept
I expect the Kennedys wore the
had office also.
Brooklyn a post
of my husband standing on the
first (guests at the Lake Geneva
Mr. Carr had the post office in
depot in Lake Geneva when he was a
) '
little boy. Keystone Heights. His store, that
(Tracy Baker) was my first
the first store. And there
was again
lam in Lake Geneva.
really There
cousin. His father i William E: the store and post office was Lake Geneva... This picture was probably taken around the turn of the
was a sign right out here at the edgeof
Baker lived here wherethe
) over right
my property for a long time that store is That the old downstairs and they lived upstairs. Lake Geneva resident Seth Kennedy Is shown here on century.![
antique E13-27)
It where Dollar store is (Dourer Collection
was right ,
said "Lake Geneva". That sign has Baker home. And his father was train depot located In Lake O"" !v'a.
in there. Of thatbuilding's
right course
been moved to the edge knowof
up you there and was 111, which he had been been
Keystone where that road turns to gone many years,
go to the lake drive. That sign has oh sick off and on most of his life, and then there was another building different mothers would have them company for 29 years and I knew office of course has been gone, BO I
Been moved up there in just the and my father wanted to come down there. you know the weekend And we'd everybody in town; and now I don't know the book's gone.
last year or two, and I don't know here to be near Tracy's father. And And then the post office moved nave cookouts and spaghetti sup- know anybody. I've been out so long Mr. Wiggins never threw anything
whether that really was a part of he came in 1923, the last of the' year, right across the street you know in pers hamburgers, and take them and new people-it's doubled I guess away. And when he was gone I
Lake Geneva. I couln't say for sure, and I came in January of 21 And that building on the corner there. skating,or you know things. But kids even since I was out-or have been cleaned out throwed away a lots of
but the sign has always been out Uncle Will passed 'away soon after Then it moved uptown, and now, wouldn't do that now. retired.I things, and I said I'll have a guilty
here at the edge of my property,and in' the early part of 24, so I was here so this is one,two three, four post offices But young people, you know they wish I had kept an old book from conscience all the time I was doing
it got knocked down and the next I \e been here ever since Keystone'shad; and would you just don't-and they could get the water office,because I feel sure it; because I felt like I was throwing
thing I knew it was put up there But I've been (involved will the believe I've' had the same box together in the evening and just havea it was destroyed; because I don't something away that he would want
this is all Lake Geneva. Woman's Club) off and on ever since number. We got our mail at Lake good time, a whole group of them think it meant anything to anybodyelse. kept you know.
And my husband's family: lised it WitS organized 1 was not a charter Geneva when we first married, together. I guess there was around a But it was one of the old books Well (War War II) was a boost for
over here on the other side of the antique member. but I've ben nlf and on. because the Kennedys got their mail dozen of them that was all about the that had all the customers from way Keystone, because of Camp Blan-
place,and that was some of the You know back then WI'Ihllilo work, there. We did for a while, then we same age. I think they all had a real back in it,and names you know.And ding; because we had a lots of officers
first houses that was built in Lake and when babies ('nine along we changed, and I've had the same box good time. I think they look back and after in later years of Mr. Wiggins'life and all that lived in Keystone.
Geneva, and the first built down on didn't have babysitters 01 nurseriesto number all the years. think about the good times they had, every now and then he'd ask me Everything was rented and when
the lake. It was his, the Kennedy put them in, so I hail to drop out When Barbara (Christoffers) was too. to go get that book, and I'd start at they were building Blanding, if you
house, and the Baker home was from time to time, hut I have been. coming up and Madelin, my We did not have electricity or the front,and you know a name; and had any kind of a room, or anything
right there. But there was a large And I still go some; I I'm not as ac daughter, and there was a group of water when we built down here. In we'd sit there and talk and discuss that anybody could sleep in-why you
hotel down at Lake Geneva. When tive. Too many young ones to do young people then and I'll' tell you, I fact Keystone didn't have a real that person and go through that know that they'd come from
you turn on 214,lust before you cross now. 1 I've done m>' share. think they had a good time, but it water and electric system then, and book; and it Kept people kind of in Daytona; some of them would drive
the railroad, and, like a lots of hotels was certainly a different kind of a for us to get water or lights when we your mind you know You'dremember from Daytona, down to that far to
and places then, there was a store The old clubhouse was burned good time from what young people got them we bought the pipe, Tracy things about them. And I work every day. But lots if they
and post office and rooms. You know it was right back of the think about good times now. And of Baker and us-that was the end of the wish I'd have kept it, but I felt like I could find a place anywheres nearer
But the old hotel at Brooklyn was Community Church. And we had abasement course people had cars more then, line-well think the Kennedy house shouldn't take it, but I'm sure it was you know would stay And then the
there when I came, and 1 think the It was not built for a kit but our children was not allowed to did get it later-but we bought just destroyed. officers as they came-we'd have
first to come to Keystone stayed up chen up on the level there was a take a car and a bunch and go out of enough pipe from Keystone to come When I retired, my nephew, Ed alots of them in Keystone; we got
there at that hotel while they were basement, and we fixed up a kitchen town or all over town, not any of down here and to be Johnson, took over the water com- most of the officers and like that Instead
building some of the first housesinthe down there. We had old oil stoves, them. water. And we bought the light /jipauaySeaafter.:,Mr, ,WIIU ns died Ihadthe' of enlisted men here. ,
hotel. .,, four-burner oil stoves, and we didn'thave But we had dances for them on the and everything, paid for all laughed when I said I
(Brooklyn was) all there where any windows down there We weekend. We had cookouts for them. get the lights down here, and I guessoh had partially retired; because reallyI
Miller's is building, and the hotel didn't have any air, but we cooked I've had them down here and had it was in the 30s before we got did not work but a half a day in the
was right across from that and down there, and there was a little spaghetti dinners when you could lights and water. We had a pump. office, and of course I'd get calls you v
across the highway, right at the; end place that we could put the food up to almost find spaghetti hanging from We had (oil) lamps. know at home and all, and I'd have Ito .
of what's now Park of the Palms, where they could get it up above and the ceilings. I had so many they'd (Keystone Heights) was (a resort see about that even when he was
there was a big two-story house, take it to the tables. And I remember just be sitting on the floor. town) for many many years, and in living. Because if anything come up
That was of Brooklyn. And then working down there many a many And we'd take a group and go to the summertime there just wasn't he'd tell them to call me.
there's still part an old house kind of back time and I said these girls that work shows in Starke, go skating in anybody hardly In town-all went And so I was going to retires and J
down there that was there from way nowther.complam and all I said Palatka, and they had a good time, back north and came down for the then I was just working part-tune-1
back. they don t know what it is. but they wasn't turned loose, just a winter, and as I said the whoe town part of part-time.And then you know
I can't answer who built the hotelin I remember when the mortgagewas whole bunch of them to go by used to be practically full in the Mr. Wiggins got sick,and then when
( Lake Geneva) Mr (W.H.) Lee burned to that building, and themselves that way and have the wintertime,and everybody would be he passed away, why they asked me
was a carpenter and he built the when they burned the morgage to cars. But some of use you know here. to take over as manager! ,and so I did
first houses here, the Kennedy and the new building I was the only one drove in maybe a couple of cars- There was a Dr. Gamble that livedin for a couple of-I don t know-two or
Baker houses-he built those but I that was at the burning of the mortgage take them all the house that's-it's that old stucco three years, and that was just too
can't say for sure about the hotel. to the old building They had And we'd use the clubhouse; we'd house right across from the Com- much for me. Because of the outside
He might have, because he was a the burning of the second mortgageout have somebody up there with them. munity Church on the corner, on the part-I could handle everything from
on the new building lust a couple But they'd have dances there, and street this side of the church, that the office, but I just didn't know the

._.,___, '.m._ _'" --,- .. -y.. .. old stucco house-Dr. Gamble lived ins and outs to all of the outside do that part, That (lake) cycle's been a long-
-- there, and he was a doctor, but he because I hadn't had to you long time this time. I have never
was retired I think, and he started know when he was living; so it was seen it go as low down as it was and
coming down here. just too much for me. stay down in the 60-what-flve yearsor
/ And then that old stucco house up so I've been here. It's stayed
;; Dr. on the main street before you get to And 1 had to go to the hospital,andI down longer than it ever has. It was
JamesMINESINGERI Dr. Parsons' office where I think- made up my mind in the hospitalthat up in '72, maybe not to the very
R what is it-offices of some kind in I was you know getting out of it. highest, but it was up. And It bad
there, and now they've done it all And so my nephew,Ed Johnson,was been going down; it had gone down
over and all. That was the Dan retiring, or he had retired from ser some then, and it had gone down
\" Y Reamer house. He was one of the vice and had had another job,and he ever since.
:;/ first I mean you know from way was retiring from that and was com They' said .evC -lear cycles is
back, and they came down just for called him and
ing home. And I up what it was, but that s been going on
.... the winter And my husband and asked him would he like to take it 20 years that it's been going down,so
J father took care of the yards and over, I though he'd like something to I don't know if it'll ever come backor
4" has been gardens for them. kind of taper off you know. And he not.
And you see for so long almost said yes BO I retired January the 1st I've seen it where it was completely -
everybody here was from Penn- of '72, and he took over. So he was over our dock, over the Con -
sylvania. there for ten years. part. You couldn't walk out
a big part of Of course I worked for the water Southern Utilities had bought it. TheDAMPIER'S all. The water was up over it. Of

course that was unusual, because
they had the creek dammed up
where it went out of Lake Geneva
where they didn't want the water to
go into what we call Old Field Pond
the history of Keystone Heights (Lake HWcrest)-down there where
[ ] that used to be a lake on each side of
the road you know just a couple: of
since April of 1975.Dr. miles down; and somebody bad
dammed up that creek and-but that

473-2115 475-1449 was unusual.
But when it was ordinarily high
the water would slosh up between ,
Keystone and Melrose For All the cracks when we would be out on j,

Minesinger has become a vital part of the the end of the dick there. And that
Your Pharmacy Needs ,... was when It was nice.

history of Keystone Heights for the past 14 years, Ample We haven't had the rain, for one
thing, and don't boW Mr.Wiggins'

active in all facets of the community.... Customer always said and my hurricane to
too, that it would take a
Minesinger encourages all the young folks to 1-1 Parking bring It up, and that's almost true.
And you know we have had no bur.ricane .I
read the historic facts about the Keystone area. that-we've never had a bur'
rlcane .
In Business that really hit

Knowing about our past is important so that we 'a Since. 1962 would destroy you get-it know would everything come,but near.. '

can control'our future. Thisvill help us make a ,I enough that we would get bee vv rein'';
120 Lawrence Blvd 53dl thati.Ju8t nwen't harftttat :
better world for the and future it 'V The last burrtcane that came onSS''I I )
present Keystone Height west coat-you remember "'-It,."
tore up Cedar Key so bad and all;wa'-
generations. OPEN:Mon.-fd am M SdO pjn. ** '* "
> even lei a shower. Aaif'
Saturday-9.ant H1 pans Gainesville was flooded but we oj
i\ not even get a shower out of it ;6It'
: SB 21 Keystone has never had a '
'I Lake MilrosO boom to where there was a lots i"
Congratulations to Region boUOng. It has jaR been a.i....\ :
: MOO.-M Am.M 430 pjn. growth, which I think is good. n 2 I
Monitor for this historical issue. Saturday.9 am H1 pan rather see that theo-you bow Wi";";
of people., oh they drmt'
Your see it get any lamer and alt 1 "I;
dont want to. .... 'S
alug Plan Person to Person know if anything Dada sbfl I'| "!"'

PharmacyDAMPEERS goteg to ptnepar. It's gat t.
I way GI' the other: ud.we. r t'l l
DR. JAMES MINESINGER always oilers that -'i 10..... .t'tf
person-to-person service and remember .....' .
park-there wale's 1ota a :1
473-2600 congratulates the Lake Region Monitor for Park, and not :

I' Lawrence Blvd. compiling the Melrose/Keystone Heights was ner*. and J {f
aa.nt (to
.., .. .. .. .. .toe
our ).1
; -- -- history for enjoyment.$ don't want to
.... .. ,
- x_ : .....'.. ii
.' ..i' '. .-.;

__.... .- .___ __ _..
1 -- -- - - - --
........ .: i- ... ..... .. -- .- -
J. ;.oo...;__. -""' --1o----O' ,-=- --.3= -.r :ro< "" ------ -.- -- s L -


t1 '(

AUGUST 10.1989.! ---t I

KHVFD Became Vital

Part of Community t l

Beginning in 1952By

Tony Brown and Anne
Sponholt! :a

"Since the days of the roaring"twenties The progress was slow and most of
volunteer fire departments 1952 and 1953 was devoted to training
came and went in Keystone Heights and improving the equipment and
several times, but in the summer of raising funds for the fire department
1952 the present organization of the to operate. In 1954 and 1955 there
Keystone Heights Volunteer Fire was fast and significant growth for
was formed." the department. The progress during
This was a quote from a booklet this period offered proof that the
distributed at the Fireman's Ball Keystone Heights Volunteer Fire
held In Keystone Heights in the early Department was here to stay.
SO's. And so it was that in 1952 the Reporter Eric Owens received a
Keystone Heights Volunteer Fire special insight into the fire department's '
_..,., ..
Department was formed and beginnings "
to this through an interview
day is still here. he held for this edition with KH Volunteers... trucks, has a second floor, the latest flreflghtlng equipment and Clay
In the summer of 1952 the Lions Heck Ownbey who remembered the County has taken over the ambulance service with a top flight advancelife
Club undertook as a project the for early day's of the department from a In the early days of the Keystone Heights Volunteer Fire Department, support system ready to help area residents In a moder rescue vehicle I
mation of a volunteer fire depart resident perspective: It was a proud group of firefighters who stood out In front of the fire station Rescue 75.

ment. A short time later Cam "Cam Bastida worked for the town and their firefighting equipment and ambulance. Chester Moody, pictured at tar right, Is still a member of the firedI'Dartm..nt.
'Bastedo, who had been leading the at the time when they started that Today the fire department has grown: In the number of ban for Its __ _____nn.

Its I "let's the get a fire Club department" move heavy mineral mining out there at one little old bitty wore-out truck The em years passed and the fire The fire department has grown
Rotary was elected Camp later
Fire Blandlng..and Du-
on that would pump water out of a tank department grew. In the 1960's an considerably since its early beginn-
ChlsL Pont! bought them out. We had that, in the back of the truck. addition was added to the fire station ings. The building now has a second

"Well Bastida worked out there. and another truck was purchased.This floor, bays have been added and five
He was the one that started the Fire truck, a 1968 Ford LaFrancefive fire trucks, one command vehicle
Lt Department down there. And we speed pumper, is still, to this and plans to have another woods
P gave him the ground, then we gave day, in operation at the fire department truck by the end of this year make
t him $1700 to start working on it. the department a top flight
"And then he worked up member volunteer fire department.

ships. And I still pay that, and all In the interest of saving lives in In the early times volunteers had
these residents in here I suppose pay the Keystone Heights area, the fire the annual firemen's ball and din-
it department got into the ambulance ners for the family at the station.
service by way of the late DeWitt C. Things haven't changed all that
"Cam went ahead and built. And I Jones. In the summer of 1963 an am- much around the fire house as the
don't know where Cam is today. I bulance was delivered by Mr. Jonesof volunteers still involve their
hope he's still living See they Jones Funeral Home. This openedthe families just like the pioneers of the
started an operation :in India. I doors for the community safety Keystone Heights Fire Department. ,
4 heard that he went over there I and placed Keystone Heights as a It is not uncommon to see a motherup
I wish I did know about leader by the community being the at the fire station with a little one
don'tiw he was a good man and first in the area to provide combinedfire on her hip or in a toy wagon
I mean he thought fighting and ambulance service. Each year area youngsters tour
about other people. I think he's all the fire department and see first-
hand how much of the equipment
.!ight.. The volunteers of this department
worked extra hard and made the
"Do you know that those boysdon't Two firefighters have been with
Volunteer Fire
the from the
department beginningand
get ? These
any pay Department known not only
volunteers? Did you know it? Wellwe're throughout the State of Florida, but another firefighter can claim JO
years of service. Both Dick
watching while they risk their
also the United States. The
lives too. And it's all volunteer," Sutherland and Keystone Heights
volunteers took on another task in
Bill Beam there when
Mayor were
said the interview.
Ownbey during
the late 60's and on into the early 70'sand
The fund drives first started by the department started. Bill left fora
Cam Bastedo seemed to off and that was scuba diving. The div- while when he was working nut of
during 1954 a Seagrave pumper pay was ing team was formed to provide fast town, but today he t is still a \Nut, I <..'
response should there be drowningsin the department t I1(",teI) Vli/mK
purchased due to a good response area lakes. In the early 70's the ,, ,
from the fund drive. The valuable comes close to I the length turn. Bill
scuba team ended at the
diving was
and Dick have \IIIJlI""I',
addition to the fire spent' ''
shown when when the was fire department and a county wide their services. ('hector ha, bcon v ill"'
Seagrave diving team was formed through the
the for :10 '
department MTU -
engine responded to the Keystone Clay County Sheriff's Office.In : , in October 1954. Officers of the KMVKl) m !I'h"> 'u",
elude: President Tony Itiov. \ ,
Thebuilding of the fire station was ,
another milestone during this time. President Ken Savers Trt>u>>ui" < i
1975 the department added two
B.J. Matthews Spcrctun. UC-JM
The funds for the building
new fire trucks. These trucks
were or
Shaw, Board Directors( Chrsici
partly from the town and partly bought and for the
payed by
peopleof Moody and Frank Dugiml (hid
from the fund drive.
this community: the "Quick- George DeSha, Assistant ('hit'lhk,
The new fire station was dedicatedin Response" truck that held 250 Miller, Captains Shaun Hale Gut

!Members of Keystone Heights' early Volunteer Fire Department the spring of 1955 and was namedin gallons of water and another engine David Seymour, Lieutenants .John
honor of Cameron J. Bastedo in
awn n9m -omini to HtJ'lulhown-here.ln.bont' a'.fln&City HaD..", ,,.. .. ,,,,.,, that held 750 gallons of water. The Allen and Todd Arzie.
j >.u UdI ''''' F recognition of his fine service to the
_. Shown In picture on front row (I to r) are Howard Lawrence, fire department lost the "QuickResponse" And each Saturday at noon (fii\ <
Donald Lawrence, Donald Pangborn, Scotty Hutchison Gene fire department. Most of all the truck last May in a bad or take a minute or two) the fire
labor to build the new fire station woods fire that '
Heiberger, Ozzle Steward and Ed Wiggins. nearly cost the lives siren signals for a test and on a few
came from the volunteer firemen. of several of
the volunteer
Second row (I to r) are C.Ray Lawrence,Ron Cutter"Skid"Bab- rare occasions when it's been "the
bitt, Carl Nelson, Fred Carr and Milo Bergen. firefighters, but the engine is still real thing" the volunteers have been
(Daurer Collection 341-10) part of the department's fleet. ,ready to roll.

McRae Volunteer Fire Dept.

Originated in 1982Anne

fir Sponholta Rick Canipe, assistant Chief; E.T.
LRM Editor Green, Lt. and treasurer; Sharon
I Northeast of Keystone Heights lies Harding, secretary.The +
F \ the unincorporated community of department is located on CR
M McRae. Numerous lakes dot the 315 just west of CR 214.
area, but the center of activity in the
VILLAGE HARDWARE & small community is the McRae
Volunteer Fire Department. Each
GARDEN CENTER year at Halloween the department -
throws a party for the youngstersand
the annual Christmas
;j:,..'. WE'RE THE LITTLE GUYS AND :>'.-".\?:. ends at the station where the depart-parade L

"'''''' WE APPRECIATE,YOUR BUSINESS >zr.wk ment hosts a party for McRae's 0I

,::\ young people, with Santa being the
'tf.-I.::! A, ''''''R main attraction.The .
JOHN: SABRINA.'2'J, ..,. ""'\f'i,::. ....,.. fire department was startedup
by Clay County in 1982. Over the
7465 HWT. 21 NORTH years it has grown to a 25 member btkt

KEYSTONE HEIGHTS6U'.J.U' volunteer fire department, with
several of trained
those members as
473-3663 .....,- Emergency Medical Technicians.

-.... "- Supported in part by the county, the
department also depends on contributions r/
from those it serves.
The department now has a new
1200 gallon tanker, brush truck and
quick response truck and a 4,000
Beauty Salon gallon water tank is being located

behind the station with hopes for I
another tank to be located in the Big
Tree area and near the SR 21 and CR J
Nightingale Street 352 Intersection.The .
I Keystone Heights department's officers for the

(904) 473-4865 coming year are: John Hartley L1I'JI_ -.....-. ',".'.'L'r'_
president (a position John has heldfor '
six years now); Herb Johnson, Agnes Lawrence checks the bird bath In front of the home she once occupied !

vice president; Jack Farmer,Chief; located on Jasmine Avenue overlooking Keystone Lake 'I
(Daurer collection 343-41) "

** ..;;



NTllEWMLFIl\ ,' (Editor's Note: These reclpwji were
I .
JJ" ,. ''',",,' "f'# ,' found among some old papAni we
,' ,
discovered In researrffing
Senior Keystone's history. We thougiy: our
.. / readers might enjoy trying their
hand at doing some cooking the
? : Discount "old-fashioned" way; however It
e items that exactly how to Create
these delicious treat must be left up

10 % ROBERT L. "BOB" CARTER JACKIE G. WEEKS NORMA P. MELONE to struction the: Imaginative* were Included.cook, as Good:!


Slopp ykx t Tuesday & Wednesday BETTY C. CARTER GRETCHEN OEHL HUGH M. HAGOOD 3/4 cup SOUR sour MILK milk DOUGIINUTS .I,

1 cup sugarS
tablespoonful melted butter r
.. Open Thursday Eveningsby PAUL L. BIRD .EMIL MELONS WILLIAM HEVERAN. GRI 1/2 teaspoonful soda

1 ,nutmeg, 1/2 flour with stiffen
Appointment Only.4Casual :Ifs

__ 2 teaspoons baking powder.Put .

... ,..... ,
'. '' *;. '
t' 1' .
: trust in Number One
your 2 cups brawn sugar
: Yeatw :
; 1 cup sour milk
< ? .
: \.UltlmU1 In Comfort : O19SQU-nlury: 21 Real.Esuie Corporation a*Irwiu-v ft*Ihe NAK >'and LOCATION 2 1/2 flour
CENTRAL LAKE 1/2 scant of lard
Opportunity cup
," ta..J<.,narb of Century 21 Real Estate Corporation. EquollUuuainll
$. '-" Priced EACH OFFICE IS INDEPENDF.NTLY OWNED ANIJOPF.KATF.IX North 1/2 cup boiling water
Reasonably ; .,;,'tf' State Road 21 1 teaspoon vanilla

', <.,.< Ri'Wt"f. 2 or 1 whole egg
.> .. ." .' : Florida 32666 egg yolks
\ Melrose
,> .. > ., ". > 1 teaspoon soda In boiling water
dissolved F
. \

\ ,,. ,,', ... ..... .
.:.w. _1""


... .
.11', J ..- .,1 .. ,. .. . .

V t jo V

.. .
-- -- -- -- --
-- -- -- ' -

Tracy Baker Lends :3iji ,

I "I''

Insight Into Local Past }. ,- '

... L 3 : *
'Keillor's Note: The following letter supervised by his brother Jess ... "
*as written on November 26, 12: by Lawrence, construction superintendant ', r
l'ricBaker, a long time resident of being a nephew of Mr ) +
his area .it the time, to Gene Mathew Lawrence's, Mr. Stewart Stevens, '
during the time Matthews construction crew being local men
.,'r\,'d as publisher of the Bradford such as the Sargents, Stanleys, the
< ountv lelfgraph.i( writer and various other local men.
:'ear Mr, Mathews: At this time our present Mr. Ed-
Recently I have read several win Wiggins came in from Green
.tdtements by people (new comers) Cove Springs contracting the wiring 1984 f /
I icgarding the building of Keystone and plumbing in the new KeystoneInn ,
''U'lghts and who the builders were. and other buildings built at that
Ha sing lived in this section all of time and later. ..
'nv life. being born on a farm three The first power furnished at this
,ilcs from Keystone Heights, I time was a small Delco plant on
'houynt it might be of interest to arect Keystone Lake, but almost immediately % .
many of the present citizens of Mr. Lawrence, seeing the
"Ki-vsuiiie Heights to get the facts necessity of greater power and
1 urn one who was living here prior water facilities, built the present
ii the town water tank and added a larger i
Someeh rearudthyear 1920, power unit, replacing the small
\li J J Lawrence bought the Delco Unit.
Holdings of Mr J.B. Zell comprising In and during the construction of
:he greater part of the old town of the initial buildings at the new town : +
Hiooklyn FI. about one-half mile Mr.Lawrence brought in a Mr. FredCarr isi4 I
who bought out the writer,
:north of Keystone Heights.
Tracy W. Baker, who was owner of i
Mr I awronce immediately began
the Brooklyn store, (and) also was
)tearing and planting pecan or- i
Postmaster and Station Agent. Mr
bards mostly in 10-acreplots,most-
Carr took over the store and dutiesas
the with the
"uppr\'islng planting
Postmaster and Station Agent
,"Sl..tOt'e of an older brother Joe and about one and a half years later : 1 1i
1 au i J''IIl'e (The planting) continued
moved the store,post office,and sta-
t a last pare until some several
tion to the new town of Keystone
'undied andrider
acres were planted
cultivation These pecan or- Widow of Mr. J.J.Lawrence,Mrs.
iJ.mhH're sold in 10 acre plots to Agnes Lawrence, still resides just
"ivistors( and maintained by the south of the town limits; Dr. Helen
.iwrence Development Company Merrill, the daughter of J,H. (Jess)
namtenance being supervised by Lawrence is Dean at the Jackson- f
apt. lleibergcr ville College.Of i
In the meantime Mr Lawrence 4
all the the one-half
men in top
,'rought in his brother J.H. (Jess) dozen or so who is due credit for the ; j
I awrcnce to assist in running the has I
basic planning and sales that :
hotel to take of
Brooklyn) care
pro- !
made Keystone Heights what it is today ,
'pet'tne buyers and Mr. KMFianki :
the writers would be
in opinion a
Walrath Sr to assist andupervisc 4 '
J.J. Lawrence, J.H (Jess)
sales of orchards
.md lots pecan Lawrence, Mr. Frank Walrath Sr., .
(and)Mr.J.Edwin Larson,Mr.Lar- : t K
After checking the layout of the
Mr Lawrence son being brought in as secretary of :: :
Brooklyn townsite the company just prior to the deathof -
quickly became dissatisfied and ac- Mr. J.J. Lawrence and who guid-
Uiirecf some 200 acres approximate- of and
ed the destinies the company
!" one-half mile south of the old town
until of
the town it grew age.
J it t Brooklyn. He immediately began The writer has continued to live
I adding his home in this tract andI here and his lot and
cast destiny
A New Hall...
I ad ,i' surveyed and platted into lots. here and, not having found any other
!!Ii also brought in some half dozenf place, which in his opinion could Construction of a new City Hall for Keystone Heights was begun In 1964.
Ins close friends and brothers who compare with this area, a dual four Identified in this picture during the ceremonies commencing the con-
,Iso constructed homes adjacent to county neighborhood consisting of struction are second from left Bill Bellote,Planning Committee; William
Mr Lawrence's new home. Clay, Bradford, Putnam, and "Bill" Beam Councilman; MX. "Les" Beasley, Mayor; Julius Hanson,
Immediately Mr Lawrence also Alachua counties,expects to live out Planning Committee; Mrs. David Nelsen,Planning Committee and Mrs.
larted construction of the present his days here. Helen Wallenious. Planning Committee.
hp: \stone Inn the Keystone Inn be-
,if constructed by Mr. Lawrence, T.W.Tracy( ) Baker

-- .' CHOICE PA0E8 FROM ra
: ) 'R' '

y4 ,
nMr..vr w

If you'd like to learn to read all over again II I I

and re-live torn childhood moments, II I
then lend today for this wonderful collection I
of pages from school
books of the early IBOO'i. $1.95 .

Iir -
'.. ', _
ar \ a


Attorney at Law Y a I ltular .

100 Nightingale Street I


473-4993 I I


First City Hall...
the open windows to hear what was going on in the
The replacement of Keystone Heights' first City Hall meetings.with .
the present building proved to be a controversy It's not unusual for Hall
today's City to have a stan-
j Myron Prevatt also is a descendentof Issue at the time. ding room only crowd.
It was reported that many of the meetings held In the This building was located near the site of the present
the Civil War. He is into early City Hall were attended by individuals standing at City Hall on Lawrence Blvd.

Re-enactment of the Civil War Battles

and has a broad collection of .I : .L.\ ." i 1 1I

uniforms and weapons of that era. I I I "

Myron is a well known attorney in

i Keystone Heights, but his court room Convenient Dependable Safe !i

expertise really is not what many ELECTRICITY-

young men who are now grown will .x"

well remember him for. Prevatt Good Solid Value For Your Home

worked with. so many youngsters in | high efficiency appliances is a deci ;;!l lBuying

will be comfortable with for 1
Scouting Programs helping
Clean, quiet and safe, energy effi.'J,

many of them advance all the way to cient appliances can help save you money each .

month. For example whether you're building a .

Eagle Scout distinction.He new home, buying a manufactured home or re- ::

committed above and placing an old heating/cooling system, a heat

beyondthe pump can be the best energy investment you

call of duty to make Keystone a could make. The difference in operating cost ::.

K_ between a heat pump compared to an electric 1

better place to live and the young furnace or to L.P.. gas could allow the heat

pump to pay for itself within a short time. .
folks better citizens. Clay Electric "

Cooperative Inc. Providing,Electric Serviceto

Myron Prevatt is a Part of Today'sand Keystone Heights 473-4917, Bradford County\ for 3

over 50 i
Tomorrow's History years.
I ._ .. .. -.y.."4 --,-----.. .._.-, .. ,' Orange- -'- "n -Park- 272-2456- .- J
n. w wab:ri::= : \ "M ''' '"
/ :. :.- : V :: 3


..... _. .. ... ,
: ""J'FA i- ..,,,, -- ,
JI'f! "
J. /': t ::? :.. ;> !";;;: -I .

I t t


Clay Electric, Area's Largest Employer,


Had Roots in Keystone Before ExpandingEditor's _

( Note: Information for this be more than he could were Albertus Miller of Brooker, ,t- $
article was submitted through the undertake, so he agreed when the R.F. McGill of Penail (Peniel), D.E. .'* "
courtesy of Clay Electric Cooperation. REA suggested that he sell out, not Roberts of Worthington Springs! and
.) to a commercial power company, W.G. Watkins of Floral -
As an agent for the Lawrence but a to a new cooperative. (Florahome).
Development Company in the 1920's, The first meeting to find out about At that meeting Ed Wiggins was
Ed Wiggins established a small this plan was called in Gainesville.Due named project manager. Later,
power plant in the city of Keystone to the advance publicity over however, the REA did not approvethe
Heights. In 1923 the company WRUF, the meeting was well- selection of Wiggins because the
wanted out of the power business, attended, and the group decided to cooperative would be purchasing the
and Wiggins purchased the plant. give it a try. Full of enthusiasm, the Keystone Power and Light Company l
In the next few years, Wiggins ex- group started a sign-up in Clay, which Wiggins owned.
tended the power lines to serve such Alachua, Putnam, Columbia, Union, With a formal organization and a ,
areas as Lake Geneva, Hillcrest, and Marion counties.Unfortunately good sign-up, the REA approved its 1 1
Putnam Hall, Grandin, Florahome, much of the local first loan to the new co-op on -
Lake Swan, and Lake Rosa. Elec- enthusiasm diminished, but Wiggins February 10, 1938 in the amount of
tricity was generated by Wiggins' refused to give up. In fact, he spenthis $205,000. This money would be usedto
small 115-kilowatt plant in Keystone own time and money to make the build 143 miles of line in Alachua,
Heights, but Wiggins' small power co-op a reality. He payed $85 for a Bradford, Clay, Putnam, and Union
plant was having difficulty keepingup set of maps prepared by UF studentsand counties. In March 1938 the group
with the demand for electricity placed dots on the maps for each approved the purchase of Keystone
caused by growth in and around signed and prospective user. Power and Light Company. tv
Keystone Heights, so he decided He also went to Washington, According to board meeting notesof .
money was needed expand the where he recieved a great deal of en- September 26, 1938, there were
plant.It couragement and some good advice about 30 miles of old line purchasedfrom
was 1936, and money for invest- concerning the co-op, but no finan- the Keystone Power and Light r
ment was scarce. There were local cial assistance. Company.The -
sources of money available, but Returning to Keystone, Wiggins first annual meeting for This pictures shows the young ladies and little ones who took part In Keystone's May festival held In 1950, a
these lenders did not want to finance employed an electrical engineer to members of the cooperative was in popular event In many southern towns during!: that period of time, but has now been abandoned in
Wiggins' expansion; they wanted to help with a wide and intensive sign- January 1939. The minutes of the Keystone as it has In most other areas. (Daurer collection 310-32) I
buy him out. Because Wiggins With the
was up campaign. new maps
motivated more by a desire to help REA gave the go-ahead signal, and See page- 14..... Clay
the area grow than just to make a on December 9, 1937, the co-op
profit, he held back. He also wantedto received its first charter.
investigate a new federal pro- The incorporators of the
gram called the Rural Electrification cooperative then met on December
Administration (REA). 21, 1937 at the Keystone Inn in
After an REA representativevisited Keystone Heights to adopt bylawsand
Keystone Heights, it was to elect officers. F.W. Doying
decided that an REA loan could be Keystone Heights was elected president -
made but the representative inserted ; F.W. Budington of Middleburg
a proviso that expansion must vice-president; and James Houserof .
be greater than Ed Wiggins had en- Keystone Heights secretary-
visioned. What he wanted looked to treasurer. The other incorporators WE HAVE MADE HISTORY. .

I.J:1: f In 12 years ,we have sold more property than the

original founders of Keystone owned.


af sa.



:, } y !
a '
> .9i A sl
A Ia
I '

,a.t a.

''t3' ,r sA






annual May Festival was a one time a popular event as
young ladies from the area dressed up and took part In the crowning of 1

the May queen.In .
Chrlstoffers was crowned May
the 1950 May Festival Barbara

Queen.Shown In background Is the late Father Fred Yerkes who will long be Front Row (L to R) Betsy Jo Minor, Broker; Gloria V. Redfearn, Sales Assoc., Elaine

remembered for having left a lasting mark on the entire lake re lon. Sales Assoc. Back Row (L to R) Hugh Edwards,
Episcopal Debbie
Since his death earlier this year, the parish hall at TrInity Perry, Sales Assoc., Taylor,

Church(Daurer In Melrose collection has 34033)MIKE been named after Fr. Yerkes. Jr., Sales Assoc., Jeanne Goodson, Sales Assoc., Bill Umphenour, Sales Assoc.; Susan

........ .i'-t-"M .............................",." ..."'''' .........-..'-', I" ,,,,.,, .,.... ..,.. Page, Secretary Patty Welch, Secretary and Trevor H. Waters, Sales Assoc.


Our reputation for 12 years of innovative sales is well known. .


7381 Hwy 21 North

The Only Contractor in Keystone You'll Heights Ever for Need 18 Has Years.Been Building We are proud of our history and the Keystone-Melrose story. .

However, the best is yet to come.

Minor and Associated are positioned to be your
Ii !!!J -J Betsy

producing realtor into the 2000's


Show Properties Inc -

of the finest homes in
Mike has built some 269-2947 475-2329
He and Gloria have
the Lake Region area. Gainesville
Jacksonville 473-4903
lprt of tomorrow's history today.
a have paid the price to make Keystone agreat Keystone Heightsr

They place in which to live and work. HWY21 North i,

Congratulations to the Lake Region Monitor on ,.

jJ Keystone Heights History Edition.We 1

Are Tour Professional Building ontrnctn. :.. r :


. ...Jr_ . r 1. r.. ... ._-.:'...-.. .. _. '
_. I vv
) ,; I


Lake Geneva ,

-..' .... Electricfrom
: -:
Was Making ., page 13

HeadlinesIn meeting indicate there were "343
l k customers now taking current"; 245
j' n .. miles of line had been built and 415
1919Editor's customer services installed. :
\ At the first annual meeting
Horace Zetrouer of Alachua countyexpressed
Note: The following is a a great desire for his area i
reprint of a story appearing on June Xj to receive electric service and "re- i
20, 1919 in the Clay County Times. quested as speedy action as
This story was located through the r r :y, possible."
efforts of the director of Clay County re Recently the co-op held its 51st annual
libraries Arnold Weeks and provided meeting with about 4000
to the Monitor by Mayor William ; members attending. Total member-
Beam. A special thanks to both Mr. ship now exceeds 97,000 in 12 north
Weeks and Mayor; Beam for their Florida counties.;
help in both this story and in stories jp'__
used throughout this special edition.

HEADLINES: : Lake (;('/leaIak.: I
ing Splendid Progress

There is much doing in Lake i Daniels & Co.
Geneva district and communitythese ,
days. Besides the big develop-
ment taking place under the direc-
tion of the new Brooklyn Company
which is clearning four hundred
acres and planting out peaches and
pecans, the contemplated improvingfour
thousand acres many new ar-
rivals are locating near and on the Y'. y kCOX'S.FINESHQIS
shores of beautiful Lake Geneva.
Plans have just been completed by
Architect Jenkins for a very attractive -
California style bungalow for Distinguished Guests...
Mr. Howard of New York and In the early 1900's Heights for Shown left to right are: Chester Joslin, Senator Frank Miller of Pennsylvania
Keystone was a popular spot dignataries
Washington city, who will erect his Governor John W. Martin. Attorney General Johnson of
from across the United States to visit. The lure of the lakes and the
building upon the ideal water front Florida F.J. Walrath, Sr. and Sydney Hart.
elegance of the Keystone Inn was an invitation hard to pass up.Sp"t'r .
here at the of the
property edge (Daurer collection 327A-10)
l such guests are shown here with local residents.
town, the location commanding a
magnificent view of the lake for
many miles.
Plans are also being prepared: !by: .
Mr. Jenkins for a two story stucco < .
over the cement office and printing '""' ,- -;':';t' fl' .1." i. ':-::
"" "'o< '" 'ief' '
establishment of Mr. W.H. Wagner, 1' "'tJ ;
a former Scranton, Penn., merchant .:! .'-: ,.:,'iY: ": ',.' : \ r. i. "<'-'::
who conducts a mail order
... .'," ,
and printing establishment here and 'I ', '" ,"
whose present quarters are not sut fi- :: ':
cient to accomodate his rapidly in- } \ :;: .. .
business.A 'i. / .4 ... t
creasing \11;, ;N .C' .., M
new company, Wagner and t" ', '.; ," ."fS'. > ., ..
Jenkins, will, in a few weeks begin . .'
'J '.. 't. :
'j .: : :
the construction upon the lake frontof If .j '
a big pavillion for amusements of .. N- With Others
all kinds, an improvement very Jr' ,
much needed in this section and it j' ..y!. from the
will be enjoyed by the folks for miles '.;; t .'to
around. ."r*" t\ -:,".'> .'r s; f a. xF ; Best Factories.
The plans provide for a building
fifty by seventy-five feet, on the
water front, with accommodations
beneath for housing a fleet of ,,
pleasure boats to be operated by the .
company, and there will also be
space to rent to motor boat owners.
Suitable quarters for bathing will be
provided, with an up-to-date bath
house. Dances will be given once a 'L -ijt.p
week and there will be a weekly program f
of moving pictures.Mr. !
.Wagner and Mrs.Jenkins both Trm : ,A ;.
thoroughly understand how to make t
things pleasant for folks, and this is
an ample assurance that there is in -
WI__ )NP.Attorn .
store for the people of Lake Geneva
and the surrounding country, and v .t-Law.

everybody else in fact, who will oe.;..BwMBd Vie .AI....... !.... .'w.
come, lots of high class fun and
pleasure. : ; .T*' ,a, J'LA..t3 .
Senator W.E. Baker is again at ? A& : *
home circulating among his many M
friends. With him are his attractive
daughter, Miss Jessie, and his son .
who have been at the State /s'atsa L

capita with him. The Senator's The old Brooklyn Hotel was perhaps where John Lawrence first dreamed The Brooklyn Hotel was located on the present site of Keystone'Village Ibis......... is_nty tea .5 Ik......1..
many friends here are insisting that of the community of Keystone Heights. lie and his wife Agnes stayedat Square on SR 100 west. Laxative Bromo-Quinine s bl.11M ..
he again be a candidate for the houseor the hotel often before setting up a permanent residence in Keystone. (Daurer collection 344-38) wm.d1...._ a..... .. w Ws
senate, as he is undoubtedly one
of the most popular and well liked -
men in the State. The Senator has 'J he soldier boys from all four big barbecue .will be held at 6 family who are here to remain per-
not,as yet, given any assurance that counties will have most of the program o'clock just before the evening program manently. Mr: Cunningham son-in-
he will even consider the matter. to themselves, consisting of and those in attendance are law to our genial postmaster also
Many of the Lake Geneva soldier baseball and field sports water expected to bring sufficient lunch for here looking for a house. He will buy
boys,the most of whom have been in sports races of all kinds including both noon and evening. There will and build soon. He has a fine familyof
France, have returned home. motorcycles and two big sessions of also be a fish fry. Several thousand boys and girls who will prove a
Among them are Corp.Tracy Baker, entertainment, both in the afternoonand folks are expected to be at the event great addition to Lake Geneva.
Corp. Chas. E. Forsythe Pvt. Ira C. evening.A and the committee is making
Larkins, all back from France; courtmartial will be held by preparations to take care of all in.
Sergt. Dan F. and Lieut. case of rain.A Sergt. Dan Forsythe and Corp. ro w t C .r.
Forsythe them and some poor private is goingto
Chas.,his brother,have purchased a
Lawrence Gordon delegation of prominent men
Kind Sergt. be made the 'goat.
truck and established truck lines to
Baker is still in service, A tank race will be a feature. from were here this week
purchase several within radius of ten
points a
"somewhere in France", but is ex- Buglers will announce all events, and lake front property ., i
and will in the future, build attractive miles. They are kept busy every
pected home in the near future. and all will be given an opportunityto near minute.
The boys are all looking forward to see fully equipped soldiers, as homes thereon.Mr. .
the big"Four County Honor Day"or well as many curios brought from Ray Forsythe, of Conellsville,
welcome, to be held here July France and Germany. Penn.,has purchased a lot here from Lumber and material have arrived
fourth, by the four counties of Clay, Special one fare rates over the Broker Jenkins and will at once, for the construction by Senator
Putnam. Bradford and Alachua. G.S.&F. are officially announced. A build a residence thereon for his W.E. Baker of another bungalow on

his lake front lots, in addition to
"Faith Cottage" just completed and
occupied by Lieut. and Mrs. King. --
They are here from the Officers This view of the lake region was taken from the fire tower on SR 100
Training Camp in Ohio,where Lieut. north looking toward Lake Brooklyn.The .
King has been training officers. picture was taken in February of 1953 and sharply depicts how the
JOHNSON'S AUTO CENTERHwy area has grown mince that time.fPCainrncyCreations. '

..,-- --,-- ---,-------_.. .____ :'-";..... ,.ou- .......,.,. _P. _r. hr. _r. '". ,... '". ".. u_ .... .

100 Lake Geneva 473-4117

Jimmy and Marlene Johnson celebrate their

19th year of automotive repair to the lake

region area. Keystone Cards & Gifts

_. .

c We are your full Lawrence Blvd. Keystone Heights 473-7347

tWGJ. ;. ..! shop service with auto a well repairs ;' Offer gift ideas for thediscriminating

y trained staff to .. '.,V ,

r ,. repair your most f J .
I difficult autoproblems gift-giver. Our .

%" T ..A. or to friendly sales staff" .

: service your auto '
l '
'i/ when it needs it. glad to offersuggestions

\,,-"''';.;'''.'!!s:; Co ,

., to.f lease'

As one of,the oldest auto service centers in the lake area, we

thank you for your patronage during the past 19 years. And everyone. Let us help

our thanks to so many of you who have recommended us to you today.

your friends. Your satisfaction is how we measure our

t success. We proudly salute the Monitor for its

,f. Congratulations to the Lake Region Monitor for publishing quality reporting of events covering' our'

the Keystone-Melrose history in this special issue. area.

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AUGUST It.IMtnappini.
.- PAGE FIFTEEN.Section Two

.. '-.4

Methodist Superintendent Church.of the United dissolved I think because therewaln't that money became real scarce. and wild hogs roamed the streets :l"

The boys also had a baseball team enough of the younger Francis remembers that his Dad and yards in Melrose. The cattle one 1n Dr.Preston's office and one in located about where Buz Florist I is
which practiced regularly in a field women. They turned it over to the still worked just as hard but they were pretty destructive on gardens Mr. Whitney's garage. now. It was a nice large hall, equipped
just west of the Lee House. They Senior Women's Club and after a didn't have the money to pay him and plants, but hogs caused the most with silverware and dishes.That .
played Interlachen. Florahome, while Business they turned it over to the and he had to accept some of his pay trouble. The hogs called Razor- Francis said that a man from In is where the whole town and area
Grandin and Waldo, usually on Association. in land. Some money was brought in backs, were big, fast and mean. In terlachen owned the telephone com farmers would get together for dinners
Saturday evenings and this was a "Sophie Spires she and all the by well-to-do Yankees who wintered addition to being destructive they pany. "He drove an old: Model T and parties and two town
big event. women in that age group worked here, a few of whome even had were dangerous and people tried to Ford: truck with no top on it and he meetings each year. The school
hard to not lose that beach for the chauffered cars. Goods seemed to be
Of avoid them. would hang those senior banquets
course one of the favorite telephone wires on were even held
pastimes was swimming at "The kids. Now it is a little different. It plentiful prices were low and AI Vaught said that they tell the trees or fence posts and anywhereelse there.
Beach". The swimming knownas was supposed to be for the Melrose nobody in town was starving as they story in the Methodist Church about they could find to attach them."
area kids but you can go down there now were in the big cities.Remembering how the
"Melrose Beach" today is a town and see people from food hogs rooting around under Right after Pearl Harbor
everywhereelse Francis
landmark and has become the church on Sunday would disruptthe Then after the war the residents
a town Gainesville Hawthorne etc. said, "A.W. Craig had the residents became worried about being
service got together and formed the Santa
tradition.As so, one day Mr. Hogan
and you hardly see anyone from grocery store the other grocery Fe attacked and they built a watch
red Telephone Company.
spread They
Francis recalls "The beach Melrose. is pepper around under tower in front of the town hall.
Anyway somebody en- store and you know that building received .'
the church to the a grant from the
has been there keep hogs out. The government
as long as I can itl" Rosters drawn and
Joying next ot it were
that old
right building up :
remember. trick must have been successful and to start it and then later on
It belonged to the The town boasted a tennis court In there? That used to be the Melrose helped promote they sold it to one of the larger were posted on a 24 hour basis to ,
Stienerts, the ones who owned the the high school year and some of the meat market. You'd go there long as the pepper quiet as panies. com keep watch for planes. Al said he V
grocery store that later became boys and girls played tennis. The your meat that was all they hand The town took a more practical- had the duty one night and when his
Robinson's. There was a pear grove Boy Scout troop was quite active ed. They had it hung up they didn't proach though and in the late 30 s tour ended at midnight, his relief
there, but it was open and all of us after it started about 1934. Dr. Ray- have any electricity in those days. Melrose was completely fenced off With no phone system alarms had failed to show. Finally about 3:00
kids would bo down there to go mond Alley, the Methodist Minister "They had boxes and would put ice Cattle guards were placed on the to be spread by word of mouth. Al a.m.m a tipsy relief appeared carry.
swimming."The was the founder and Scoutmaster.AI on top of it. They'd reach In there four main roads leading out of town Vaught said the Methodist church ing a bottle. When AI called down to
do Then Stienerts were glad to see us Vaught remembers that almost and grab a hind quarter and throw it and then a wire mesh fence was had a big bell in the church tower him rather peevishly to hurry and
it. when Mrs.Stienerts died every kid around here was in it andit on the table and cut you off a piece strung all the way around.It and when an emergency happened get up in the tower the would be sentry -
they were going to sell it. All the was a large troop. Dr. Alley whatever you wanted. I've been in worked pretty good with the they would run to the church and peered up the ladder and said,
younger women here in Melrose "would take us on long hikes and we there many a day for about 50 cents cows but an occasional hog would ring the bell to ring out the alarm. "Unn-unk. I'll watch from down
formed a Junior Woman's Club to would camp out on the little ponds you could get enough steak to feed manage to get through so you still Also when someone died it was rung here!"
raise money and buy that beach. My and lakes out south of here. He was the whole family." had to be kind of cautious. and people would run to the Church
wife started it. They had bake sales young active, single and well Florida had what was known as a There was only a limited for the news. Fortunately the enemy did not attach
and all kinds of things to raise educated and he was really a delightto open range law back then and telephone system in town until after Melrose, but the Town Hall did
money. After about a year they had be with." livestock did not have to be pennedup. World War II. Two handcrank Al also remembers the big social not survive the war. It burned down
enough money to pay it off. With the coming of the 30's and If you wanted to keep them out it telephones were available in town, center in town.was'the town hall. sometime between 1943 and 1945.
"They bought it for $1800. Then the depression there was not much was your responsibility to protect
later on the Junior Woman's Club .of a visible change in Melrose except your own property.As a result cattle

I 'Nana' Christoffers. from pago 6 Melrose Fire Truck .'. I IPerry

from page 4A

stick'with a thong. She told me to I do not think that she would ever One evening I received phone call '
wait right there that she would be have expected anyone to publish a asking me to inform my mother that John Coleman, Joe Daurer,
back in a minute. list of her accomplishments. She her mother had expired. I Rudy Dampier Jr., and Mike
When she returned she said that might even have been a little em- remember now how angry I was at Strickland became block loaders
this is what a real tomahawk looks barassed at the thought of it when it how impersonal that call sounded. I and hod carriers.
like and she placed something like I was done In 1975. leave the task to remember how I stumbled around Gradually and haltingly as funds i
had never seen before on the table. more disinterested historians. the house raving in a fit hyper- were received, the building rose.
"You see," she explained, "the rock One year four months and 18 days
Recognition never was her goal, and bohcidealism that people do not ex
is round and it isn't held to the stick after the
neither Is it mine. There is only my pire. Library cards expire. License groundbreaking, Rudolphwas
with a thong. They're set next to standing on a flat bed trailer
experience. Nana was the most do not firefighters Had to carry water with
People expire. Looking back to that day 17 years
each other and with Sid
wrapped in leather Ultimately Martin then County Commissioner
modest and sincere person I have the words did not matter.It them. This necessitated having extra ago when Rudolph made his vow by
which is sewn shut and shrunk and of
in the other
ever known a great soul who was the finality of her absence. group manpower and a large tank Whitney's burning garage, it is quite
sun. This down here at the" end of the managed to stand tall among giants And I still had to tell my mother. dignataries for the dedication of a truck capable of carrying at least evident that Fire Chief Rudolph
handle is a real ox tail. beautiful new four bay station.
and for 2000 Rations.
provide shade the rest of us. To Rudolph and Thelma this was Dampier not only fulfilled his vow,
The afternoon of Nana's funeral, I not the end of their drive but but has gone much farther in his
I could not imagine why Nana had sat in the chapel and let my thoughts one more step toward building, just In the mid 70's Thelma and quest to bring Melrose fire and
an authentic Indian tomahawk. She wander, and as the officiator's voice adequate service for Melrose. Better an Rudolph started spearheading a medical protection. In the long and
told me that during a trip she and droned on low in the background I training both in firefighting drive to start a town water system arduous trail from a fruit orchard
was pursued
my grandfather took the train they wondered if the others there were and medical which finally came to fruition about sprayer to the new modern Sentinal
were on had to stop for some reason. like me, retreating and reminiscing. emergency 10 years later. Now the central area Pumper, we must not forget that
My grandfather got out to stretch his My mother had asked me if I would support.first aid They and signed up for coursesin of town has fire hydrants and the. Rudolph had a lot of help from his
legs, and when he did not return like to write poem for the service. I Santa Fe College personal with John safety at water problem is partially solved staunchest supporter, his wife ,
after a while she went out to see had said no, that I was not up to it, Jimmy Williams James Dennis Harpe Thelma.
what was keeping him. She said but I would like to believe that if I Dean Crouch, Joe Daurer Rudy On May 21.1989Rudolph acceptedthe
there was a group of Indians there had, the poem would have been Dampier Jr., Truman Perry, Ray keys of a brand new Sentinal
and that my grandfather had been ) something like what I have written Gambill, Steve Dampier, Mikd FMC Pumper on a Ford Chassis.
talking with one of them.It i' just now.I Strickland, Emory Perry and Harry This'engine is capable of pumping ',.
Parr. Rudolph and Thelma went on 1250 gallons of water each minute on
turned out that the Indian was wanted to stay at the gravesite to take advanced first aid and then a fire and Is a vast improvementover
the chief of a nearby tribe, and that until after she was buried, but for Emergency Medical Technician the old pumpers. Also in May of
he liked my grandfather so much he some reason perhaps out of a sense training this year the paperwork was submit-
gave him two tomahawks asa- S of propriety, I, with the rest of the ted to obtain a grant to help purchase
peaceful present. The only tuneJha(. __ family as far as I know, left before an ambulance and negotiations
I know of that they were actually us- 'she mferr G. i regt t'we lOSS bi' are belngronducted target full- rl
ed as weapons was when my motheras those last moments and I promised time paramedics to man it. .
a little girl whacked her sister's myself that when the day came thatI RAIn
.. boyfriend with one of them because ever again lost people I loved, I
she thought he was creepy. Nana I'L would stay there with them until I
said that she had already given the knew they were at rest. And I did j :
other one to one of my cousins some but that is the story of another giant
time ago, but that this one was for a story for another time. ..a
me when I got a little older.I Nana's house is still there on Lake
Geneva. The walls still sparkle. The
last time I as there the house was !
imagine that there are some who empty, and my careful footsteps The $
would consider the story too farfetched Driving back to the nursing home made the floorboards creak in the !
to be true, but that does not we passed an elderly couple who otherwise stiff silence, and the
matter to me. It has always been one were walking by the side of the road. sleepy plaster only begrudgingly offered .
of my favorite stories.through tured As we approached them they lookedup faint echoes and memories of Coirnty Ktchon r
my imagination and it I and waved. Nana quickly and lemonade and Authors on the porchin
learned what it was to talk with someone gracefully waved back and sang the lazy heat of summer Sunday 'aX185
from a different nation or hello. A few moments later she afternoons.The .. p. 'tnl
culture, and Ilearned how to exchange turned to us and said with a shrug palm trees are still there. ton

with them whether it be and a toss of her hand, ."I didn't Long ago the alien antennae dried .'" 1-I '
ideas or tokens and to part as know who they were, but I waved and drooped and fell the tentaclesnow November 1974 Thelma and ,.
friends understanding each other at ." My mother laughed and but husk. It is as if for some Rudolph accepted the keys of a .. ,, 00,
least a little better I still have the said t was the nice thing to do, and I reason those aliens left in such a brand new Emergency Response ,: 3
tomahawk. looked out the window and smiled as hurry they forgot their towering vehicle from Alachua County officials A picture book of stoves, utensils, 'ttADORIS
and with them the of
Those who knew my grandmother the trees filed by In a brown and legs or left them behind as some job churns and kitchen equipment. And s Jf 7..' ,
know that she only occasionally talk- bark sort of Avalonian promise that one answering area emergency medical '
blur of and leaves.
ed about things that happened to green day they would return. calls. The following January a new handy guide to building a brick oven i ,?.;?
her, but she never talked about what The last time I saw Nana I did not The trees stand still their trunks alarm and tower was Installed at a biking bread, making cheese car ofmilk -._ .
she had done. In 1975,she, along with recognize her. I could not recall ever rising with the quiet confidence and cost $1900. The alarm was 12 horns, R!
Mr. S.E. McKay, was honored as an having seen her lying down mo- grace of giants. Now frondless, the which emitted a rising and falling etc. ..,/0'
outstanding citizen of Keystone tionless. I stood near her hospitalbed trees resemble less the aliens I had _wail that can be heard from three to "'"
Heights as part of the city's a little afraid of her mortality, envisioned before and more the live miles distance, depending ISBN 0-914166-04-2 : $1.95 t;;in
semicentennial festivities. At that which had begun to tug at her giant pedimentless columns on the portico weather conditions. :\ ..:. ; c1J.
time she said that all she ever did soul. Her hair was a little mussed of the ruins of a white sparkling stuc- Still another to be ':"' '".
problem conquered
and had since closed her
she long .
was to try to recognize a need and to co Corinthian temple which for nowI was the lack of water. Withno Z..1
help satisfy it,and that she never expected eyes, but she breathed softly. I think is better. It seems the giants .Opp.OOO.EEflEi.tUU. hil
water in Melrose the
remember that as I left I wished thatI system _
anything in return and I like time, like me have changed.
believe that she was deeply moved could have a different last memory FERRY'S'SEEDS'

hv-. the--- honor._____ .- of- -Nana.. -. I O..M..J..W L r00.
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It's' Back to Dancing School TimeCourtnoli I 1 SLU--"IU'..--" E 1

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an ,_ -
Pick From & Melrose SchoolsReatstratJOD ........... 11I.-
After School Up Keystone ..". ...e11'rn i .:41
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Begins August 12A78 associate artist. a ..M..YM.,....... L.IW".J.......... ,.
sys s.... aiYS. iJ "i4.Na.11.i
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for Redken. DRUGS I

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i', ..:";SIXTEEN, Section TWO BRADFORD COUNTY T" LEGRAPIIlI ANNIVERSARY! ,k ,j 1'i.; I.- .> r ,. AUGUST,is,1181
,.l, -"

I Keystone Development ":

(from pale 1

said, "Well,we just can't let them do forgotten about that; the State .
nothing. And we put a little clause in Department didn't. Somebody ,
there, and that clause was that at reminded them. I didn't. And I don t
any such time that this road from know who. But it was done.I

Starke coming in here and going out And like I told you there before, -. '.,; '"
and would have you got to such a this town has never payed out one 'At. '.JI",
'condition that we" couldn't drive dime. tmJ *", ', .;
,round the chuck holes, Georgia Of course I can understandImean F ( ; ',,\,
Southern would have to put their the people, they don't know ; ,
passenger trains back on. about it; they don't understand. J, ,0/ I' _.,
The railroad, Georgia Southern, They just took it for granted you :(" ,
gave (the State) 15 feet that made know. !
(them 100 feet right of way. Accor- For years (Emma Kate) ,.
ding to their rules and laws and Mansfield had a girls' school in t 1
regulations, the State can't do Atlanta. Educated-she had her doc- ) i 1"h 9 n'S
anything like (pave a highway) torate.She did have She's gone now. 1.
unless they have that 100-foot right And she came here to live. L" ,.,
of way.Like. Now she is the one that rewrote the '- -
I said, Georgia Southern city charter. I mean that old one, it ."
graciously gave them the 15-foot! had a deal there where you know
alerts off of their railroad right of what few cars there were back thcn-
'v .1\ to make a 100-foot right of way they would have to get out of the way
lor the town and (SR)100 and and stay out of the way until a horseor Yo
everything. They were nice enoughtto a horse and buggy or a horse and I
do that and this town-I don't got by. The horses had the
} S
know whether they know it ap- right of way. The cars didn't have d )
preciate it or not, but I know I ap- nothing. I mean that's the kind of
preciated it, and I know Ed Wiggins covenants and restrictions the old
appreciated it, and others concern- charter (had), but she come up witha
I/i new charter, and new covenants
And the State Road Departmentcame and restrictions.
+ t ? i cA
in there, in here to this little That's Kate Mansfield. And she
town of Keystone, and they did did that. She was qualified to do that. t
everything that you see now. She taught school over here for a
Keystone had these old lamps, eight number of years. She always wantedthe
foot high, sitting up there on a steel new kids. She said that's where ....,...... .... -- ,.. ,.om :.-.- "IV ....
round post that was cemented in theroundthe their lifetime is formed-that's grade
lighting system for the school. Keystone' Heights City Council posses in front of City Hall during the On back row (II to r) are Councilman G.E. Wiggins Councilman E.E.
main drag up and down. Then they Emma Kate led us through time that UP* Beasley" was mayor. "Gene" Williams and Councilman William "Bill" Beam."
curbed the gutter and the storm though.She was a wonderful teacher Shown In picture (front row I to r) are Councilman Jim lleatherington, Bill Beam now serves as Mayor of Keystone Heights. I
sewers. over there. City ricrk C.II. "Jack" lIab..r<;troh, Mayor M.L. "Lcs" Beasley and (Daurer collection 327A-19A)
Now can you imagine-the main She lived right down there right Councilman Fred Dodd.Lawrence's.
street through here and then 100 noon across the triangle park (on Azalea
this side-no need for it on the M.) Every once in a while, she'd call .
other side; the railroad was over me technically. I mean she wouldn't ,. ; .. 'i
there, and on down to the creek- know how to phrase something. I .y
that's where the coporate limits of don't know-I might have been over I
Keystone ends-it's down there, and there three or four or five times. Idon't Dream for Keystone. from 1
everything you see here'today the know. And she'd ask me what I page
State Road Department built. They thought about it. Sometimes she
put this road (Nightingale Street) knew about it but wasn't sure. winter home tor northerners. As Commercial Circle several years shops in town than any other single spot with a fountain, benches and
through here.I Everything you read there now-- North Florida grew Keystone type of business.! The formation of playground, basketball court
was at a Clay County meeting that new charter and the way this Heights served primarily as a ago.Each Saturday at noon the fire the Kevstone-Lnkp Region Business tennis courts.
one night, and I told them I'd been town is governed right now-give weekend retreat for swimmers Weekend siren is tested and sounds across the Association several years ago has If John Lawrence were to walk the
all over the state, and as near as I Emma Kate credit for it. And I don't lishermen and skiers. community, a signal that, if needed, brought a special kind of unity streets of Keystone Heights today
could recollect that our high school think any finer person ever lived in sides homes and and fishing cottages bait! dotted sold lake the volunteer firefighters are ready among the business community and would he feel that his dreams had
over there is the only high school in this town.And there were some good was onnelrly to be summoned. that association continues to bring come true?
the state that I knew of that didn'thave ones there, like Bastida or Stit- Today every street corner.with families Clay Electric ramains the area's special events to the area, such as Along with the shock of the
a hard road to it. They hadri't chberry, and of course Wiggins. make enormous young sacrifices and long largest employer, while property at the Christmas Walk. Keystone Inn being allowed to
deteriorate to the point it has today
drives to jobs in Gainesville and Keystone Airpark is being eyed as a Southern Bell furnishes telephone findit
John Lawrence would probably
goOd prospective area for new in- service Cablevision provides cable
Jacksonville their children
so can hard to believe the low levels of the
dustry. The Keystone Airport con- TV and Southern States Utilities is
grow up in Summer the Keystone and weekend Heights tinues to take on more significanceand the area's water supply company. area lakes and dried up canals that
community. offered a recreational haven
is becoming well known to once
=,r-" cottages have turned into permanent aviators. The city of Keystone Heights con- enjoyed to its fullest. This would
-- homes Each year the Jr. Woman's Club tracted with Clay County Sheriff's perhaps be one of thegreatest disap-
Retirees and senior citizens have Department to provide be would find. And with
I presents the Festival of the police pro- pointments
long been attracted to the area and weekend that brings fine Lakesha tection within the city limits when the many controversies already
1 Park of the Palms on SR 100 west Our is the the city did away with a city police voiced over the whys and
area. Country Day community's -
I became the area's first Christian of lake
of force. wherefores' the: dropping
celebration 4th andis
retirement community. A recently fun-filled Local civic organizations are an levels, to preserve the area lakes
constructed Senior Citizen Center on a several-day activity, be Keystone's greatest
important part of the community may
visitors from across
drawing North
Commercial Circle has i ..
opened Florida theake ,ana are on the increase The challenge for the future. r. n
t many activities to our area citizens. to | region. -" American Legion post on SR 21'and Should the Keystone Inn be ren-
Two public schools, Keystone Earlier this year a proposal for a the recently constructed AmVets novated and the area lakes preserved -
Heights Jr fSr. High School and hazardous waste treatment facility building on Brooklyn Bay Rd. represent should another Common' goal
15 miles north of
Keystone Heights Elementary Keystone Heightsand the growing number of veterans create a sense of interdependencewithin
School along with the area's first a Jacksonville-to-Tampa toll who live in our community.Last the community, the answer
private school, Community Chris- road cutting through McRae, the" year Keystone Cemetery on would indeed be yes..John
tian School, affiliated with Community outskirts of Keystone Heights and SR 100 found it necessary to close at Lawrence's" dreams did come true.
Christian Church offer excellent Melrose threatened the area. As of dark due to vandalism, but although Perhaps John Lawrence was but
educational opportunities. the time this edition went to press, somewhat on the rise, overall crime one of the many dreamers who saw -
Passenger trains are now a thingof both projects were receiving remains fairly insignificant. Florida through the eyes"'of a
the past but freight trains, on outspoken public opposition from The Keystone Heights City Council dreamer, but ifhe were to visit
their way to another place, another residents, but only another history, meets regularly second Tues- Keystone Heights today, talk to its
1926 Letter Tells of town, roll through Keystone several told at another time, will be able to day of the month every at 7:30: p.m. in City people and visit its businesses, he
times daily Lack of street paving tell the final outcome, although the Hall on Lawrence Blvd. A newly ren- would probably take great pride in
and 1 how to pay for it remains a hazardous waste treatment facility novated library with a new addition what future generations, the .
highly debated i issue as Commercial seems destined for Union or Polk opened this summer. Theme Park, caretakers of his dream,. have done
Circle and over five. miles of side counties. behind City Hall, remains a popularMelrose. with his town.
Booming Region roads within the city limits remain Keystone Recreation Association,
unpaved. Some residents say the located across from the elementary
clay roads add to the charm of the school, offers many recreational ac
and it would be shameto tivities including baseball Softball,
(Editor's Note: The following letterappt"arl'd type. All other improvements sucn community have them paved. a t-ball and soccer, and the area'sYouth from page 1
in water works, electric lights, side
the November 19, 1987 as
edition of the Lake Monitor.It walks and so forth all admirably The area's first shopping center Basketball Association offers town. It is a town of volunteers; As the state Department of
Region planned. Keystone Village Square, openedthis basketball to area youngsters. volunteer firefighters;. emergency Transportation found out, it. is a
was reprinted from a newspaperin summer on SR 100 west. unique The Keystone Heights City Council medical technicians, little league family of people who actively stick
Pennsylvania and provided to the family-owned shops line Lawrence about three years ago acquired coaches, library workers Boy and together and fight to protect their
Monitor by Keystone resident and Keystone is situated right on the Blvd., marking the importance Keystone Beach which previously! Girl Scout leaders, preservationists, town.Where there is a need someone
author Basil Wells. It first appearedIn ridge or back-bone of Florida, whore America's small business owners had been privately leased from the conservationists and historians. will be there giving their time.
the C'onneautville Courier on June the land is high and rolling, and is play in the business community. city for 99 years. This year the old "
1:1: "20.) 180 feet above sea level, therefore in- I
beach rennovated with ,
Merchants and Southern Bank on pavillion was
Just a few lines as I am sure some sures natural drainage, which SR 21 and Commercial Circle plans for the beach to once again Boat Captain... from page 4 '
of makes impossible stagnant water became become a recreational hub for
our friends at Caneutville and the area's second hank young
vacinity are anxious to hear for mosquitoes, insects or malariaAs several years ago and Keystone and old alike.Churches Over the next 25 yea'rs,Robinson's business went out, tnen tne oranges
something of Florida. State Bank, the area's first bank, expanded abound in the area with grocery became a well-known went out from the snow and freeze. .
to living expenses" here", it is operations! with the additionof nearly every denomination Melrose fixture and in 1975 he sold Then I sold the business for $25,000
about the same as in the north,some the store and retired. and insured for $100,000 and
We lett our home on the 3rd of a building located across represented. The past three years it was
December and reached Keystone things higher and some Lawrence Blvd. from its main bank. has found the area booming with In speaking of his life, El says, burned down.' .
Heights December 12th.On our way cheaper..There is a very nice classof Florida Federal Savings and Loanon new churches and additions being 'everything fever got Into it got put' In spite of all this El says he has
we passed many old plantations and people here, almost all nor Lawrence Blvd. is still the area's added to already existing churches. out of business. The hard roads lived a good: long life, and working
,ton fields, which were of great interest therners.Our state senator of Penn- only thrift institute. This year marked the first time came along and put the boat out of hard made!,him, appreciate it more. ,
to us.Saturday. sylvania, Honorable Frank P. Three doctors, two dentists and ever a Keystone flights High School business, then the turpentine ., .
evening at 6 p.m. we Miller,of Meadville,is at the head of several attorneys have practices in team captured a state title when the.,

I reached Keystone Heights, went to the Lawrence Developing Company.Dr. Keystone. Health care has come a girl's Softball 'team., became/,state
I the hotel for the night. Next two dayswe Crawford, president emeritus of long way since John Lawrence'sday. champions.Restaurants. .
were royally entertained at our Allegheny College, is just right to A Clay County rescue unit witha real estate; accountants ,
cousins' home, Ray Lawrence and start a new home here, and many full life support operation Is housed and insurance offices are k
his wife. They had just gotten into others from the same city. across from the Keystone Heights flourishing. Fitness centers and'
their new house. Volunteer Fire Department on video outlets, which also rent
Keystone Heights yesterday was Flamingo Street. Clay County con- Nintendo games; have become the
1 lien on the following Tuesday,we honored by a visit from the Governor structed a new health department on rage. There be'
moved into a new apartment houseon of Florida. He and his party .4 (*,(< ;.
Main street within a stones throwof came by automobile, arriving at the "
the post office... hotel at 4 p.m. at which time he was
Keystone Heights is just a new tendered a reception by the citizensof '", .
town started about two years ago the Heights. Then at 7 p.m. .. ,. :(:JL.
no boom here, but just a steady Senator Miller gave a very fine ban- f
growth. It is located amid wooded quet to the men of Keystone Heightsin (Ctltulf .
hills end cleared crystal, fresh the Governor's honorl who gave :
water lakes, with high shore lines, them a very k on the \ .
'and hard sand beaches. It is certainly possibilities of the future of a city,so '
nature's beauty spot and its wateris favorably situated, as Keystone ., ,
beyond words, so soft and clean. Heights. a
( &wiri! TONY
1 ne climate here is delightful..we
i ney have a fine new new
the flaming poinset-
churchi stately palms,
depot about finished large tas, the mellow moonlight, makes
tourist school soon to be built.Fine one forget his troubles,that he might LESLIE'STAXIDERMY
hotel, commodious boat house pier hear nature's seductive invitation, AND'
.and pleasure boats-some very fine "Abide with us forever" MELROSE SERVICE STATION
homes and many more being built, Mrs. Lem Stanley \ '
.most of them being of the Spanish! .
',' '
-- SINCE 1935 '

I ,Rt. 2, Box 2617

HUNTING & FISHING Melrose' Florida 32666

A picturt album with ctml.and price

aiT, r pro
Mtn'l awl womtn'f full, coin,
,1 underwear jewelry ele Meal ICE AND COLD' BEER
for rCHirch or just for laufht..

t 't4i663-J $1.95 .
((904)) 473-3159
Robin Chlappinl ,
BAIL OBD5B) pHONE 4753083w .
.1130-1900 : (904)) 'S1

'! HU !! Mark ChlapplniOwners 475-9496, :. ,
,' .


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\ \\ BRADFORD / /

1i IlOth ANNIVERSARY] &vlvQvnipl ISSUE ]1879 1989

August 10, 1980

BC Agriculture Always., Had a Changing; Face I

and Compiled
by Marcia GoodgeBCT

Staff Writer
Change is the name of the game in agriculture all over the world.
Anyone working in a profession which relies on something as
changeable as the weather has to be able to adapt to new conditions. I
Agriculture in Bradford County is certainly no exception to this rule.
From the 1830's to the present, the agricultural face of the county has Cotton.. .
done nothing but change as farmers searched for ways to make profits
from the soil. Cotton was once; the

In the Beginning... number one cash crop

According to early historians, Bradford County was first settled In Bradford County
about 1830 with farmers from middle Georgia making up the largest until the boll weevil
numbers of pioneers, so agriculture has been important in this county 0
from the very beginning.! The settlers chose mainly "rich, welldrainedlands destroyed It in the
along the rivers and lakes," for this very reason, said one early 1920's.Cotton
historian. early .

This county was not settled by rich plantation owners with slave was a difficult
laborers in tow, the first pioneers to Bradford County were farmers
who worked the land themselves with the help of their families. They crop to harvest and

came to this county with all they owned in the world piled on top of an process. .
ox-drawn cart.
The pioneer farmer chose a place where the land was rich and water
nearby. He and his family cleared the land themselves and cut the logsto
build cabin with axes and hand saws, digging up and pulling out
bushes and vines and burning underbrush to cut a home out of the
wilderness. The tradition of neighbor helping neighbor was seen here,
too, but in the beginning neighbors were few ahd far between and the
pioneer farmer could rely only on himself and his own family.
When the area was settled more densely, neighboring farmers would
have "log-rollings," where the men worked together to clear the land. i&-T } i
They carried the logs out on "hand-sticks," piled them together and I
burned them to make way for a hand plow.
Soon the hard work was rewarded by the fertile soil and the farmer hYr"t f
and his family had plenty to eat and food for his animals. Corn,
potatoes, peas and sugarcane grew abundantly, say historians and cat-
tle and hogs grew fat and sleek on rich, native pastures.

Cattle Profitable...

Cattle raising has been ]profitable for farmers in this area from ,9\4
earliest years. The cattle fattened fast on natural pasture and required
little care. When the herd was ready for market, the trip along the
road to Black Creek wasn't long and buyers waited at the end, looking.
for cattle to take to the Jacksonville market. The cash bought tools,
seed and supplies he couldn't grow himself, including cotton seed whichhe
was told should do well in the area.
During the Civil War, while the men fought, women cared for the
land and herds, but cattle rustling was rampant and the herds were
severely depleted by the end of the war.
Returning farmers built herds back up, though they never quite
reached the same proportions. In 1979 there were 120 cattle producersIn
the county with about 8,000 (average 40-head per herd). -

Cotton Pickin'... Tobacco Took Cotton's Place...

Cotton became the principal cash soon after the first settlers '
enteTed the'Brea, along'with corn, sugarcane crop potatoes and some rice. Tobacco took the plan of cotton: In Bradford County agr'lcuUm mi J gtvw <*i\\-ttrthtemi. e* for along;;; tune. (Left) This man if stringing tobacco I
Long Staple cotton was followed by the Sea Island variety. According up for drying. (RlchtJ Tobacco fields once stretched out Into the distance In many place. '
to "Territory of Florida" by John Lee Williams in 1837 ''Sea Island
Cotton is peculiarly adapted to our sea coast and Islands, and although
good crops can sometimes be made at some distance in the country, months) the Florida Railway and Navigation Company carried one-bushel refrigeration box used to ship berries. (He is also
yet they are uncertain..." shipments amounting to 843 bales, valued at more than $63,225. sometimes credited with introducing the berries into the county in the
Williams claimed that the best soil for cotton was made up of sandy In 1916, 11 cotton gins in the county baled 3,500 bales of cotton, worth first place.)
soil and sea shell debris mixed with a small portion of vegetable mat- about $400,000 for lint, and $60,000 for seed. Truby and Thomas Refrigerator Box Company improved tin the
ter and clay. He said that although more "vegetable matter" and clay Cotton's heyday in Bradford County was long and profitable, but it design by making first a two-bushel box and then a four-bushel box.
in the mixture meant more cotton, it also meant that the crop would be ended in devastation and was abandoned by about 1918. The death blow They then designed refrigerated box cars and in 1915 the railroad provided
of a lower quality. "No kind of manure has been found that will increase was struck with the onslaught of the boll weevil about 1915-1916. refrigerator express car service for berry growers.
the quantity without at the same time injuring the quality of the Desperate farmers tried everything, but the insect could not be stop- By 1898, according to the Florida Semi-Weekly Advocate Starke
cotton," he said, although he noted sea weed and marsh mud do a good ped. In June of 1917, a terrific hale storm hammered another nail into shipped more strawberries that season than any point in the state of
job of it. the crop's coffin by beating the entire crop in the Wateroak section of Florida. "Starke i is considered the headquarters for the strawberry
"In order to crop of cotton, the land should be well- the county to the ground. business," wrote that reporter.
ploughed; the seed should chosen with great care; that which con- In April of 1899, S.F. Gardiner of the Florida Advocate wrote, "That
tains a small bunch of hairs at the end is said to be best. The distanceof the soil of the Eastern portion of Bradford County is more especially
the drills should be determined by the quality of the soil, say six or adapted to the production of strawberries than other portions of the
seven feet," he wrote. IPdlrmIbBlPlP state, there is now no question of a doubt."
Williams said the pods sometimes begin to open by August, but Bit ( J flit DD DIn "Railroads, banks, stores, hotels,'in fact every interest reaps a
usually wait until Septmeber. He recommended the cotton be picked harvest from our strawberry crop, wrote Gardiner.
soon after opening, as the fine gloss of the "herl" (cotton ball) is April of 1899 S.F. Gardiner of the Florida Gardiner noted that buyers flocked to Starke markets and reported
degraded by weather exposure and the wind tends to knock it out of the overhearing a Boston man say to the other buyers present that Starke
Advocate wrote that buyers flocked to Starke was "the only place in the state it pays us to stop at because they can't

pod.The cotton "is usually exposed to the sun on scaffolds a short time during the strawberry season. 'The soil of the produce" berries elsewhere in sufficient quantities to pay us to stop ;
before ginning. A smooth roller gin Is the only machine that has been over.
discovered to extricate the seed without injuring the hen," he wrote eastern portion of Bradford County is more The buyers of the day also agreed that only in Starke could a supplyof
and recommended that the cotton be carefully distributed on the rollersto especially adapted to the production of early berries be found, wrote Gardiner, and they noted that although'
keep the cotton from losing its elasticity by crushing. berries could be grown further south, "they can't make it pay them.
strawberries than other portions of the state. "
Gardiner called Starke "The Strawberry City of Florida.
Williams noted that the best growers of the day did not average more
than three acres of cotton to the hand (farm laborer) and only about an That week 110 bushels were shipped from Another Florida Advocate article, earlier in April that same year
of half bale hand could be He noted that (1899), noted that over 110 bushels of strawberries were shipped from
average a per depended on. Starke. In 1900. 375475 bushels were shipped by
Starke that week, with over 25 "commission men" (buyers) in the city
some of the raised on the Islands a South Carolina brought $1 per
pound, but Florida crops markets usually gave from 20 to 50 cents per pound. one grower per day from Starke. and Cloud and Lady Thompson berries bringing the best prices.It .
of berries would roll out of
that carloads
was as many as 20
liable accidents such cater-
Williams said cotton was to many as
pillars, red bugs, or high winds, and said that it was difficult to clear Starke and Lawtey In one day.
"If thinks Starke Is dead town let them down to
a person a just go
and for market. 1881 in Bradford County the total cotton
prepare By
the wharf about train time wrote that .
1200 bales valued at Sweetest Strawberries... reporter.In
was $105,000.In
1900 Florida Advocate article it said that Col. V.J.
1858, the first railroad brought a boom to Starke by making this city Strawberries were introduced in the county about 1870, being raised a May "and
of the in the state, not-
the central trading point for many miles. No longer did farmers first only for local use, since there was no way to transport the fragile man withstanding, one the largest strawberry rains of the growers past two weeks" shipped 375-475
have to make the trek to Black Creek to sell their produce. According fruit to a distant market. severe
bushels of strawberries from his Lawtey farm. was
, to an Issue of the Savannah Week News of 1887, just one year after A "hard" variety of the berry was first shipped by open railway car quoted in the article to per that day Lawtey berries were bringing Shipman 5 to 10
: the railroad opened here, a examination of the railroad's books to places as far north as Baltimore or New York. A Lawtey grower cents more quart than say berries elsewhere in Florida. Ship-
showed that from 1 1886 to Jan. 22 1887 (just over four named Knickerbocker is remembered the per grown
September Guy as designer of the first man's berries were going for 35 and 40 cents per quart that week.

In 1914, berry shipments grossed $301,298 from 1,500 planted acres.
, The demise of the Bradford County strawberry business is usually attributed
I ___"_I2L. I _j- f, .'> r f, I.T J r. \\-r-ri gI to a number of problems, the foremost being that, beginning
r- "".rVr-'i i during World War II, farmhands could find much more profitable workat
----=-:- 1 Camp Blanding than in the strawberry fields. Growers couldn't com
: '"""-'-- ' ' the going wages, and when inflation set in after World War II

rlyi_ ../I...J. I---L--, J. -1- 1 T. v.v. berry revenue continued to fall.
-- '_ / Aft the peak of berry production the county boasted as much as 1,500
I __ i acres devoted to strawberries and gross receipts would reach
three-quarters of a million dollars (pre-lnDation dollars). By 1979, there
t @ were barely over 100 acres in berry production in the county.

Strawberries Orange Boom...
Before strawberries grew popular, sometime in the early 1880's, the
were once orange growing boom came to Bradford County. According to one early
1 Bradford County's historian, the area was touted at that time as a "get-rich-quick place,
where the soil would grow anything and.make the owner fabulously
claim to fame. At wealthy."

the peak of In 1881 there were 10,000 bearing orange trees in the county and
200,000 In position, but not old enough to bear. Several hundred thou-
strawberryproduction sand waited in nurseries to be planted.
In the Wanton S. Webb wrote "Webb's Historical, Industrial and
It took Biographical Florida" in 1885. In it he said, "The agricultural Interests
county up (of Bradford County) are great, but the orange culture Is fast assumingsuch
1,500 acres and proportions that It promises, in the near future, to become a
receipts staple product, and Bradford's soil and climate boasts trees that are as
gross ,
k; 1.J vigorous growers, as choice fruit and as prolific bearers as are those in
would reachthreequarters any portion of the east or semi-tropical Florida."
ofa Webb continued, "In the Lawtey district are trees 20 Inches In
diameter bearing 4,000 to 6,500 oranges each. In Starke vicinity, some/
r million dollars bear 6,000. The Fort Harllee tree (largest in the state) has been known
One producer was to bear 10,000."
Trees in Lake Butler and Providence (then In Bradford County) were
known to ship as also known as large ones, bearing 7,000 or 8,000 oranges each. And at
many as 475 that time, Webb said "The orange business is let in its Infancy.In .
1887, the Savannah Weekly News wrote, Oranges shipped from
bushels per day this place (Starke) between the above dates (Sept. I, iSSfrJan. 22, 1881-
from Lawtey.. a little over four months) by freight, express, and in car load lots (7,000
one-bushel crates-about 1.12 million oranges returned to the owners...
between $12,000 and $14,000 for oranges alone.
This boom year followed a freeze the previous winter where half to
.r two-thirds of the orange crop was lost. The writer noted that percent
IT r of the oranges shipped from Starke at that time were grown within six

Please See Pace.1. SUon *. ."


'-'.. '-.. -.-.,. .- . .' .. _: -.-.-.. .. -' "

i'I c


I Farmers With Punc/ies Rolled Cotton to Tobacco Oranges to Strawberries I

use in January of 1986 by Shelbert Hosier of Lawtey.The .
From P.I Sect. 3
juice is poured into a four-foot wide steel cooking vessel, with
miles of the town. (Oranges and cotton together returned $77,225 for.the heat supplied either by wood fire in early days or gas burners in the
same four-plus; month period.) 1980's. When the right level of heat is reached, the syrup Is continually
At the height of the boom there was an orange packing plant in skimmed to make clearer syrup. The skimmings can be eaten like can-
Starke and land sold for unheard of prices. dy after they've cooled.
However,as cotton went, so went the oranges. In 1895 Mother Nature w '
struck with the Big Freeze, as it was called. The freeze was accom- Numerous Crops...
panied with snow, which was the first time many people in this area Many other crops have been tried in Bradford County. A 1957 writer
had ever seen snow, said one early historian. It consisted of two attacks for The Telegraph quoted an old historian as saying that peaches,
the first almost killed the orange trees, the second came as they liiik grapes, apples, cherries and LeConte pears had all been planted In the
were budding again and ended Bradford County's orange groves county unsuccessfully, although there was at least one small apple orchard
forever. q growing in the county in 1988.
The same historian said cauliflower and celery also don't do well
here. Top vegetable crops in 1952 were corn ($118,500),potatoes (about
$100,000), and green pepper ($92,337). In 1954, top vegetable crops were
Get Rich Quick J ha1B corn ($93,007), cucumbers ($61,027), potatoes ($55,014)), and green pepper -
I radjlord V About 197,460 pounds of pecans were sold in 1954. Some 100,600
( ) pounds were sold in 1962 for 35.5 cents per pound.
Other crops sold at the two Farmers Markets in the county in 1954 In-
cluded: pecans, string beans, Shellie beans, pole beans, peas, okra, egg
plant, butter beans,lima beans, Irish potatoes Black Valley beans,
Sometime in the early 1880's during the heydayof bell pepper, crowder peas, black-eyed peas, squash, cranberry beans,
butter peas, red pepper, and cantaloupe.In .
the orange groves an early historian records 1962 total annual income from farm and forest products was
that Bradford County was touted as a estimated at$3.195 million. Forest products topped the list, as they still
do with $1.5 million. Broilers (and still ) at
today, were second are
-rich-quick place,where the soil would $500,000; strawberries were third at$400,000; cattle and pigs fourth at
grow anything and make the owner fabulously $350,000; tobacco fifth at $250,000; vegetables sixth at $100,000; pecans
wealthy." seventh at $50,000; feed grains and hay eighth at $25,000 and dairy products
ninth at $20,000.In .
1979 total value of agricultural products were estimated at $11
million, with timber and chickens still in the lead. Total cropland was

Tobacco After Cotton... estimated at 20,000 acres.
So the odyssey continues, agriculture has changed throughout history
Strawberries took after the citrus died in 1895, and tobacco Sweet Labor.
over ..
in this county. It has moved from a time when almost all farmers grew
after the cotton died around
came on strong 1917. the to time where Is the watchword. The
same a diversity family
For years the leaf crop was important in the county, particularly the (Top) !Most farmers farmer who crop used agriculture as his sole support has almost been
west. In 1952 tobacco was the second best money crop in the county, br-
had their mill
cane replaced by the farmer who toiled the land in his spare time.
inging 192,260 to the strawberry crop's $197,507. In 1953 tobacco was the Agriculture is big business these days, and the little farmer has a
for the
top money crop in the county, but it had had an overall bad year bring- pressing Juice tough row to hoe.

ing only $153,579.In out of sugar cane and Timber, naval stores, and cotton came first. Then came the oranges.
1962, tobacco was foul th, behind forest products, broilers
their own cooking Strawberries took over from the oranges and tobacco took over from
( ) and strawberries. It that
chickens brought $250,000 year.
the cotton. Berries and general truck declined and cattle raising
Tobacco is still in the but it is much pots to make crops
being planted county, declining, syrup.
has now almost taken the place of farming. (Poultry was the biggest
like the strawberries. In 1979 only 150 acres of tobacco was being Here farmer
a boost in the
past 35 years with 30 egg producers on record in 1979 and
grown in the county, valued at $500,000. strains the syrup to s 35 broiler and pullet-replacement producers. The industry was valuedat

How Sweet It Is... remove $10 million in 1979.)
any sugar Experts still say that agriculture in this county is changing, not dy-
Sugar cane has been grown in this county for some time. Although cane debris. (Right) ing. Changing to what? We'll have to wait and see.
dates of introduction are not presently known, Rowland H. Rerick, in Wanda Fay Coleman
his "Memoirs of Florida" in 1902 wrote, "Bradford County..The chief
field products are Sea Island cotton, of which over one million poundsare poses with her
produced annually, corn, oats, sweet potatoes,sugar cane and field granddaddy Richard
peas. Though one of the smallest counties in area, it is the premier Lee's cane mill.
syrup producing county and in 1900 manufactured 7,160 barrels and
received in cash for same $50,000."
A sugar cane mill (used for pressing the sweet juice out of the cane,
from which syrup is made) which dates back to the 1920's was still in

O POMT SALUTES THE m.elegrapq] .


.M41; a

HO Years of Service to the

People of Bradford CountyThe 1:' 1 1s

Telegraph reported Du Pont's start in 1948 :

; .. .

These Were the Good Ole Days?...

Mr Miriam Johns shows off an old outdoor milk cooler. It's
hard to realize the hardships our predecessor had to deal withIn

their everyday live*.

The Good Ole Days

Weren't Always GoodAn

early historian writes: When family busy.
the men came back from the war But ever so often,there would be a
I (Civil War),they had almost to start hose raising for a new family, and
from scratch. But they worked their after all the neighbors had pitched in
h fields again,rebuilt their places,and and helped build the home, there
were soon providing for their would be a froli or fiddler's dance
families again. that went on all night.
There was little cash money, but Commercial fertilizer as we knowit
they didn't need much. They raised today, was unknown at that time.
everything they needed, and with a Some farmers tried guano, a rich
sweet potato bank, corn in the crib, natural fertilizer of bird manure
the smoke house filled with meat, which was relatively expensive and
and greens in the garden most of the .
year, they ate "high on the hog." Farmers "cow-penned" a plot by
It was a hard life, but a staisfying shutting up and feeding their cows in
one. They worked from "can see till a small area. The plot received the
AND for 41 has recorded the ofDuPont's
years importance can't see," plowing with tiny Im- benefit of a large amount of manure,
plements which look like toys now, and it was often used to grow sweet
mineral products in the world market using side harrows, Georgia double potatoes.With .
stocks, and an Acme or clod busterto the new town of Starke withina J
help level the beds. days Journey, farmers began to '
There was wood to gather, crops to make more frequent trips to market
AND the equally important contribution to the growthof plant and hoe, stock to tend, snake with their produce, carrying
fences to build or repair(fences that chickens, eggs, butter and cured
Bradford County that has resulted from the job 'snaked' across the land), butcherIng meats as well.
White flour favored the
in cool weather, the wagon to was by
and basic mend, more land to clear, another tamers then, as was the new
security good provided by a industry.
I pay room needed for the house, and "white" sugar, which at the start
J ..t' scores of other tasks which kept the was far from white.

DuPont through its programs of land conservation Snowden's Big Berries! I

I and reclamation retirement benefits and job security (April 20, 1899, Florida Advocate) quart. We thought these were large
Last week Mr. a truck berries, but we find that Mr. Pete
I \ plans to be a partner in the county's progress which farmer living HaISlof' this city Snowden can boast of having pickeda I
(Starke), brought in a quart of ber- quart that packed 26 berries.
will continue to be reported in the Telegraph. ries that pakced 32 berries to the Snowden takes the cake!

'r.,, Hog; Cholera Cure Circa 1913From I

,'f' ( the Lake Butler News section The proportions are as follows:
: Aug. 1, 1913) The following one peck of corn,a gallon of syrup,5
son who owns hogs.It stand for about three week or untilit
,i is the Padgett Hog Cholera ferments, then pour it in a troughfor .
.(..Y.L p.T.oI. Cure, also a prevention. Mr. P.M. the hogs.Editor's .
Padgett kindly furnishes this recipe. ( Note 1913: It might not
It has been thoroughly tested byhim. cure the cholera,but at least it made
'I the hogs forget they had it.0' .)

.. .....
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Old Times... t
I. "New- tractor 1 M'a 'u
owned by the
Brownlee Brothers
Milton and Hugh (1-r1.)
I JtAI PF''J't 2.Typical log cabin.
3. WelterMensell ,
and his old "well
rM sweep (method for ,
Y ,
---------p ----' -' -- drawing water.) } '
(Rboue) The starke Farmers Market provided a place for fil,al ,
4.Cecil Crawford, b e r
farmers to come together to sell products, and for buyersto once the "Collard This big turnip was "
get the volume they needed. (Below)These sheep were ,
In Bradford .
King of Bradford grown ,.,j } It t
raised on a farm northwest of Lawtey.
County. County.

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: '', :;; ... .' ...Joft C.. _ii.aar3K.Perfect ." u w sathe

TriBute, to J4. Cherished Memory

Memories are especially dear at a time like this vI,::{'t'-'.",

when we are paying tribute to the past. We like :' :.;, ',.\ ,

to feel that our understanding and thoughtful ,18; ::,. t ',,, ,

service for the last 60 years has made it possible ($ -1 1r, 1 :., )J '"'

for many, many people to look back with '-

pleasant memories of loved ones who are no : ,:;">''(

longer with us. :", '

Benton Futch Steve Futch
,""'"" Lie. Funeral Director Lie. Funeral Director
'{- We are very proud to be a part of the business that was

: established in 1917 by Mr. DeWitt C. Jones. A business

M- .., -. that's been totally dedicated to serving the people of

: r Bradford County and Keystone Heights as funeral directors

': for all these years. We feel that we have enjoyed the

confidence of the people over this period of time and they

appreciate our dignified and outstanding service.DeWitt .


We have the. Forethought,Funeral,Plan, which allows you to pre-plan and pre-aay your (
funeral, arra gements. Write or phone us'now'for"our pre-need forms. These forms coyer ,
all.mstructlons and are easy to fill.out. Save./others needless sorrow and_ worry. Protect "'.:
your.loved,ones! "-'.

; ,

!r: .; ; DeWitt C. Jones Funeral Home "

fc *:.' Jones Convalescent Service
: ,{ .. ;

'" ,) '. '
'.f" 1l'r:1.; '' Starke Keystone Heights
964-6200 473-3176


-' ,- -

"" ",-" '-" '-",, ,, ,. ,. .. . .. . .. ......"- ...- .....- a a . ...n.r.- a .. .. ,


I DuPont Plans $50 Million Plant for Mine at Maxville; I

Will Mean Another Billion Dollars for Local and State. EcnnomvAerial ....
- -- - - .

After 42 years of mining heavy grained white sand, is becoming in
minerals along Trail Ridge east of great demand for new uses in
Starke and Lawtey, the DuPont ceramics for high
Company will soon gear up for plications. It has Increased sharp
another 20 years of operation in a in value due to a worldwide shortageand
7,200-acre tract of land lying partially increased demand. DuPont is
within four countiesBaker, now the largest producer of zircon in
Bradford, Clay and Duval. The major the U.S. Another by-product,
part of the tract was purchased Staurolite, is used mainly as an
k In 1984 from N.L. Industries abrasive for blast-cleaning a varietyof
(formerly National Lead) at a surfaces.
round-figure: price of$14 million. The mining operation will start in
Financial authorization of the $50 the middle of the ore body in the
million plant, to be constructed on southeast corner of Baker Copnty,
__ the west side of U.S. 301 near Max near the Bradford County line.
__ ville, is expected by DuPont early
next year, after which construction History of MineralsThe
should begin early in the spring of heavy minerals being mined
1990, to be completed within 18 to 20 here are not native to Florida, but
months. The actual start-up of mining originated from the erosion of rocksin
is scheduled for November or the Appalachian Plateau of North
December 1991.Projections Georgia and the Carolinas over
are for another 20 millions of years. The mineral sands
years of mining in this area, which were brought down to the seas by
would pump an estimated billion rivers and streams in a post-Ice age
,rxa dollars into Florida's economy during period when the Florida peninsulawas
the life of the mine, most of it in covered by rising waters. When
this area. This figure includes expenditures the seas finally receded and the
for supplies, machinery, crest of Trail Ridge began to emerge
transportation, taxes, and payrolls, above water, the minerals were
rr according to Donald V Luebke, deposited in the Ridge by wind and
; plant manager of DuPont's Florida wave action over thousands of
operations.The years. Some of the ore being mined
2 start of mining at the new by DuPont runs as deep as 70 feet.
a plant will coincide with the phasingout Dredges have unearthed cypress
r+z y, of operations at the Highland forests that were buried in pre-
plant east of Lawtey. Employmentwill historic times,and some of the trees ,
remain at around 250, as it Is at are still in an upright position I
present,with an annual payroll of$9 underground.Prior I
to $10 million. to World War II DuPont ob- 1
Obtaining the required permits tained most of its ilmenite from
S,I from some 30 state,county, regionaland beach deposits in Travancore, India.
federal agencies has been a two- This source was unsatisfactory,
year effort,which included the complicated however, leading DuPont to seek a
process of providing domestic supply of the mineral.
suitable habitat elsewhere for plant The existence of ilmenite in
and animal species that might be endangered Florida beach sands had long been
by loss of habitat in the known by state geologists. It appeared -
mining operation. Among these endangered often as mack streaks in
or threatened species are sand-bottom lakes of this area, as
the gopher tortoise, the Indigo well as in ocean beaches. These
snake,and a type of small hawk call- deposits were not sufficiently con-
ed the kestrel. centrated to be commercially min-
The new dredge and wet mill to be ed, however.
View Trail built at the Maxville plant will be approximately The U.S. Bureau of Mines was
of Ridge. twice as large as those granted a $10,000 appropriation for
in and will have double the titanium sands
now use exporting along the
The magnitude of the DuPont mining operation east of Starke is shownin capacity. The mined ore will be sites of ancient beaches and dunes in
transported to Highland where the Florida and Dr. Herman Gunter,
this aerial view taken during the early years at Trail Ridge. The present dry mill will be used for State Geologist at that time, recom-
separation of the ore into ilmenite, mended exploration of the ancient

floating dredge pictured here in its self-made lake at upper right is main zircon,minerals and staurolite recovered, the three from beach Bureau along of mines Trail began Ridge.drilling The

quartz sand along Trail Ridge. along roads and highways from a
pumping ore through long pipelines to the wet mill, composed of Ilmenite, a black heavy mineral point near Highland to Blue Pond,
with fine, silky texture,is shipped to just south of Kingsley Lake in the
multiple banks of spiral separatprs which separate the heavy minerals DuPont pigment plants, where it is Camp Blanding reservation They
oxidized and becomes a white pig- found heavy concentrations of ore in
from the lighter quartz sand by centrifugal force. ment used in the production of paint, an area, 3,000 to 8,000 feet wide, ex-
and other purposes. Zircon,a round- See
Page 5, Sect 3
,... .. - .

\\v "110 Years ago, Folks never heard ofSonny's

Real PitBar-B-Q . .

'' W They Never Knew What They Missed! "

: "..' ,
t) ,._.

Now SONNY'S' Is A Household Word! ,." -", ,,.,; '4 ,



EVERYBODY knows Sonny's is the '

i ,: ; :-:;: '

place to get those Yummy Ribs . .....:: :;i" ;(' :' ; ,

Tasty Baked Beans, and Luscious ....r t(,: ;., .

Barbecued Pork and Beef ; ,,J !" -'
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': .... S. Ave. Starke
: {- <": 4 ., 230 Temple 964-8840
r ,,;'.,. ,[', .., !
: .. ,,. ,,,. ; 11:00 til 9:00
;; .-,..," Open: p.m. Daily1
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AUGUST 10, 19K9 HltADFOHD COUNTY T.I.IWnAPli: IIMh ANNIVERSARY P.tN:.'1\'.:,Srelinn'1'k:;;:; f
J'' ,
II ''It I ; 4.
DuPont. ii
from page

tending about 19 miles along Trail the mo.A wA.iensive and tho longest- a leader in protecting the environ- I
Ridge paralleling the border line lived in the recovery of heavy ment in which it operates. In the
between Clay and Bradford Coun- minerals in Florida, it is not the earliest days of mining at the I
ties.DuPont first. "Mineral City" on the Atlantic nrlninnl; I Trail Ridge Plant some difficulty -
r negotiated a lease for Coast just south of Jacksonville was experienced in restoring ,
i o-ll mineral rights with the Florida Armory Beach was operating during World humus to the mined-over land. \
Board (National Guard) in War I, Numerous and
7 1'rI recovering rutile to produce grasses plants were I
1947 with an agreement to pay the titanium tetrachloride for use in tried, including African Weeping j
Military Department a royalty on tracer bullets. After the war this Love Grass, but without success I
the mined minerals. closed down Later, however, method
operation was and the a was
DuPont then contracted with former site to from ,
mining is now the loca- developed remove topsoil
Humphreys Gold Corporation to tion of the Ponte Vedra Country Club the area to be mined, set It aside,
I operate the mine for the first ten and golf course.Humphreys and then use it later to recover the I
years. Humphreys had developed a mined This method I
Gold later operated a area. provides f
technique for mining low grade gold heavy minerals mine just east of natural revegation of the soil and
gravels in Colorado, using a spiral Arlington in South Jacksonville, facilitates reforestation with pine
process to separate the heavier from 1944 through 1964, when the trees.
gravels from the lighter sands. Actually
deposit was ut in that loca-
,the heavy minerals comprise tion. The site was later developed for The company's policy is to comply
1r only four percent of the ore mined by the Regency Square shopping mall. with both the letter and the spirit of
I ly DuPont,the remainder being mostly Ilmenite, the black sand, still occurs all environmental regulations ap- \
quartz sand.In in present beaches, but those plicable to its plant sites. At the
1958 DuPont took over operationof deposits are not stable enough to Florida plant, effective techniquesfor
the mines from Humphreys, according mine, since the wind and wave ac- land reclamation and water
: to terms of the original con- management were developed and
t tion of hurricanes and other stormscan
!ho' -
practiced prior to the earliest. state-
shift the location of the ore body. mandated r
Although the DuPont operation is For many years DuPont has been requirements.


4 II




Imposing banks of spirals

where ilmenite undergoes its
first separation,by centrifugalforce

from the quartz sand in MAXVILLELDUVAL CO. it(1iltlalll
which it is found. MILE SITE CLAY c0.
Second separation is by
electric and magnetic

B QTR CD.'iR ?)9
Dr ORD ca ) I"t





Map indicating Duponts ''

o IIJUS; 4 DuPont'original dredge makes picturesque e

planned expansion site .., I I scene as it eats its way through ilmenite ore body in

"moving lake".This dredge has been replaced by anew

yaprj inii *J--JJ-t---,fiirrcrit" *-.."opcrationjM.tesf4 .?JM* uJM d H ,i ,oJ j"J: dredge with larger capacity. .. : !r;r "._:"

RT 16
Donald V. Luebke, Plant Managerof
DuPont's Florida Operations...

PT '6RT says thast the 20 years of f,

430j projected mining at the new '

Maxville plant will mean a billion "

STARKE dollars to Florida's overall

economy, most of it going for

PNCPARCD ar, payroll and supplies purchased in
(saiwc.TAL ,
VIlllcn k ER"'l'llHa WC
1/11/17 this immediate area

. .

That Fred and Pat. McElroy have

the most modern ICO.A.

ago Anywhere .:. .

The McElroy's are proud to offer a

Full ,Size Banquet Room for parties,

receptions, and special occasions. Call

964-8484 for more information.




, When your relatives visit from out of

I town, tell them about our shady campsites

\\0 cabins for rent, or LP gas service.

r We also have a convenience, store... The

r -* McElroy extend a Happy 110th

I i ,*. Birthday to :the Telegraph.

, ; sffri a

,, i .
J ;', ",

i We Are Proud to be Your Neighbor .:: .:,,

I :Starke KOA Kampground U.S. 301 Southr

-'- "__'_'_" V--- '''': '' _'' .' .' ,_ '; ... "' ".,. .>> ....,1'I.: .. .. .. . '. .. '"

\ I'i




. Turpentining A Lost Art Once A Thriving Industry in Region I

to earning his living by the sweat of Bradford County were Arthur In 1942, the Federal Governmenttook then applied to the hulls of naval face.and gum As the begins gum dries to flow and down the face the
by Joe GissyBCT his brow. McRae,west of Starke on S.R. 100 at 6,250 acres in Clay County in vessels. This first use gave rise to henln. a new streak Is applied(about
Staff Writer An estimated 300 men worKed Bayless Highway, and Joe Griffis, what is now Camp Blanding, the term "Naval Stores two weeks with acts and the
Although no longer the second among the trees during peak production on S.R. 230 east, at the Clay county Powell $11 per acre plus$2 per front The first forest preserves on the face every gradually lengthens up the boleof
largest industry in Florida, as it was of turpentine gum in the 40's in foot for road frontage and$5 per foot American continent were for naval the tree.
many years ago, "turpentining", or Bradford County, and several large line.Griffis was the last to go, quitting for lake frontage on me southeast use, reserved by the Queen of
Naval Stores operations, at one time scale turpentine operators were active his operation in 1981 at the age of 92. side of Kingsley Lake. (Today, lake England for the Royal Navy. After about three years, the cup
contributed heavily to the economyof in the county. Notable among He died in 1985 at the age of 96. frontage may range up to$1,000 per and "tins" (apron and gutter) may
Bradford County and all northeast these was Hogan Smith, his brother Avery Roberts, Lake Butler, is foot, if any were available.) It was soon discovered, however be removed and raised to the top of
Florida. Foster Shi Smith, and Luther and still engaged in a naval stores opera- that turpentine could be distilled the face, so that another three year
Tapping pine trees for their gum John Powell. tion in western Union County.In Naval Stores... from the gum, and the industry cycle can begin.As .
was one of the earliest industries in Lawrence Wiggins, his brother 1899, the Powell brothers (L.C. Gum was first used in colonial began to grow. It was not until after the gum drains down the face,
Bradford County, and one that offered Floyd, and H. L. Hough were also and John) bought 35,000 acres of times to calk the seams in wooden World War II and the Korean War some of it never reaches the cup.
employment to any able- operators in the GrahamBrookerarea. timberland in three counties for 50 ships to make them watertight. The that growth in the pulp and paper in- The portion that dries and hardenson
bodied person if he was not adverse The last of the dying breed in cents an acre. gum was first boiled to thicken it, dustry in the south provided another tile face is called "scrape". This
.I > .t _,.._____ __ ;]IIl ....... way to obtain turpentine and rosin, is removed, with a "scrape
causing the industry to decline.A scrape iron in the fall or winter,before the
t tins are raised, and while no gum is
tt by-product of the pulping process
t "tall oil" now provides most of flowing.
'" r. 1 1 tP the needs for pine gum."Turpentinin" .
La Before the advent of the "bark
hack and acid"method in the mid to
late 50's, the streak was cut Into the
The workers would begin early in wood up to %. inch deep, using a
the morning and arrive in the woodsas "wood back"
wood and bark not only
the sun's first rays' filtered caused more damage to the tree,but
through the tree tops. be repeated week, and
had to every
Most would carry lunch in a tin
much harder work. The face
tray In a paper sack to carry them was and
on the tree, only
rose quicker
through the rough work day.
about half as much gum was obtained -
for the amount of labor required.
Turpentining changed a lot down
through the years, since the gum After the cups are full, "dippers"must
was first used to seal the seams in come along and empty them
wooden ships. The first "boxes"were into buckets which are in turn emp-
hewed into the base of the tree tied into a barrell.
being "worked". A long metal "dip- Stronger workers used a large
per" was used to collect the gum. bucket which would fill a barrel in
Later, clay cups, triangular metal seven trips. Young lads were given a
cups or flat bottomed cups were "nine time bucket" and even
I under the"faces"to collect the
hung younger boys used an "eleven time
1 l : rtr gum. bucket".
4 .
w.y The use of acid to spray on the
chipped"face" reduced the need for The woods operation was divided
} "chipping" or "streaking" weeklyto into "crops" and "drifts". Each
v about every twelve days to two worker would take care of a drift,
weeks.A which was about 2,000 faces,and five
tree chosen for gum production drifts made a crop of around 10,000
should be 9" dbh (diameter breast faces.
high) or more.The bark is smoothedoff
7 t-t E. near the ground, and two slashesare The faces would be streaked two
1 i made into the wood joining in a times in a four week period, to fill
point towards the ground.This is the the cups ready for"dipping".
beginning of the "face", and a new About 300 faces would produce a
"streak" is applied to the face about barrel of gum in the four week
.. .... ....L'-,. every two weeks (with acid). period.
-- .; A metal "apron"is nailed horizon-
'" .. tally under the face of the tree,and a When faces became too high for
"gutter" is nailed diagonally, to the chipper to reach to apply new
... drain onto the apron. A "cup is streaks, some operators would ex-
hung under the apron to catch the change the hack for a puller, a
gum as it slowly drains down the similar tool with a longer handle, to
An Early Turpentine Still face.If extend the face higher up the tree.
Usually, though, the trees in a
acid is used,the streak is not cut
Thl scene In from of a typical turpentine Kill to the early part ol the about 63 percent was resin mot IS percent waste. into the wood. The bark and cambium drift would be allowed to rest three
century shows the loading platform and the r...p up which the barrel About 1940 large central refineries were built to distill turpentine on amore layer underneath are removed years, then another face opened on
were rolled to get the gum Into the vat for distillation. After about 20 efficient and large scale and the small private stills became ,acid is sprayed over the cut area, the backside of the old face.
of the was boiled elf and distilled as spirit of turpentine. outmoded
percent raw gum
_ ... _._ ... .
c ,0. -- - -- -- -- -

Bradford COtJl1t

1"e .Y

SINCE 1879

ee ra tt' s Tdy't' '

F 1 Ii i I

The Sweetest Strawberries This Side of Heaven I ___

._ .
: i
: : ri

1879 ., 1 8 'L I.I'I'II'I.I I


L you are cordially invitedto _

i attend a &ception r''i.'i.Catfaces 'i.

In Celebration of

I .
I Typical catface at an abandoned turpentine gutters directing tile flow of gun fate the cups,and the I
Bradford County Telegraph's110th operation.The t'tlns"and'cups have been raised and V shaped Man on the tree showing the application anew
the trees worked an additional three years.Note the streak about every two week.

year Anniversary! J

v and The Naval Stores Industry originated/

11 In colonial times as a source of pine

In Honor of tar or pitch for calking/ wooden ships

I for the Royal Navy.fjencCa's .

Eugene L: (gene) Matthews,

Editor Emeritus
; ,

on Shear, 'TJesian

j 118 s. Thomson Star.. 964-4151

,;' I II
I 1
I ." '" '
: ''II : Fleiida'.and' lie: rhi. ID' "t.A<"

l,. :: .' "c'.,!(:jII! 'j,;,:1',',.. Friday. august 11, 1989. .:.. h skilled'"staff: C rtt;!, " g:;yoi",. : ti z t

I "" ;,''.:" : <&?',.&* **** *' # XiVS >
t. "
I i' j ,.,. ,'."t..,' ",:0' ,", 7:30 to 9:30 P.9vl atotaUy t h1kiewtt lbpkjo t
,' : "A
; : "i .. ,.; ,.:' {lintensify the Beauty5| '
.'. --.1 :t I : ; > tf
: -! .
I # '
,n ;' .. j > Y'. <<" : vSsyour
.' ,' '. 1' ,
ill '
., :1 : "old lookCome "
i'ii; > :' "
,1 .0. C 'f : ; ,'
I Starf& XQA Banquet fRgomvs i

J 301 South I by today and let these professionals work their

on you

Star FloridaJL1

I Christine.
y, 'I' '.,,' ..0. Oci __',,,_,,__ Glenda

", ",,,-i< ', .. .:.:'. .. I /
.,. ... ='-,--:;".-.. = .__!..: .:. -:- 1 'H___

l I J OJ:


-------- ---- -- -- -
-- ---

---- -
._ _'_ BIIAII'' COUNTY..'..:...:(mAPU. I lllthANNIVHUSAItY: SEVEN, Section Three

r Future Forests to be Super Trees I

Forest Genetics Effort. I
Program a Cooperative I


by Joe sissy fire control units established in each As an even-aged forest manage- Twigs were taken from the better
BCT Staff Writer county.At ment system (clearcutting and trees, and through a process of graf- 1
this time, silviculture) management replanting) became the mainstay of ting onto seedlings, were planted in- I
Bradford County and its surroun- techniques were fast develop- the forest industries during the early to orchards for seed production. I
ding area Is situated in the heart of ing. The industrial forests were sixties, genetically Improved seed Progeny testing was the next step.
the slash pine belt of north Florida undergoing a "cleaning", that is a sources have now become sufficient In the early spring, plastic bags \
r and south Georgia. Being typical removal of slow growing over- the needs of what is now were placed over female flowers on
'flatwoods country, with numerous mature timber. Wolf trees, cull trees called the "fourth forest." the trees to eliminate wild pollen
t t tW cypress and hardwood wetlands In- and trees that had been 'worked out' The third forest, planted with wild from the flower. When the time for
terspersed throughout, the area is and left by the naval stores industryand seed collected largely from trees fertilization came, pollen from a
r Ideally suited for timber production. trees that had been passed by behind logging operations, has im- known tree was injected into the
Four major forest Industry cor- during the harvest of the virgin proved production by changing from bag, so that both parents were
porations have extensive holdings in stands in the early part of the cen- uneven aged and understocked known for the seed produced.This .
the area: Container Corporation of tury were being removed as a stand timber stands to plantations which seed was then planted, and
America subsidiary of Jefferson improvement technique to make have a controlled stocking. comparisons made as to the
Smurfitt Corporation, ITT Rayonier room for a new crop of natural Harvesting 39 cords and more per characteristics of the known
Nekoosa Packaging Corporation andGilman reproduction, now made possible by acre from a 25 year old plantation is parents. If the progeny was truly ,
Paper Co. The Departmentof protection from fire during the early not uncommon. Even dry and infertile better, the parents were kept in the
Corrections is also a large years.. sites will yield up to 20 cords of orchard, but if the progeny proved "
timberland owner in Bradford and These timber stands were grossly pulpwood in a 25 year rotation,as op- just ordinary, the parents were I p,
Union counties. understocked, and growth had been posed to the three, four and five removed from the orchard.A .
Numerous private landownershave stunted by repeated burning by cords per acre harvested from the series of known crosses, male
well managed forests as part of wildfire. It is said that wildfire had "second forest". and female, were tested until truly ,
their farming operations. burned on an average, every three superior parents could be identified.
Bradford county has a total of years throughout the southern pine As 'rogues' were removed from I
195,200 acres. Only about 49,000 region even before man made his The Fourth Forest... seed orchards throughout the
acres are farmlands with 17,000 presence known in the western The planted trees of the' third southern pine region, the quality of
acres of cropland. Water covers hemisphere. forest are now well seed being planted in nurseries improved ;
:. } about 7,700 acres and municipalities harvested, and are being replace This process of selecting on-
comprise over 5,000 acres. Cor- The Second Forest... with genetically improved strains of ly the best parents Is continuing, and
porate holdings total near the 75,000 This residual timber, and the in- pines. will continue as long as im-
acre mark. growth in spite of repeated burnings, provemenmts can be made. "
came to be known as 'the second The earliest plantings of the first Characteristics other than im-
Tree Improvement... forest.' It was composed largely of generation of superior trees are now proved growth are being bred Into
The of longleaf ,which are more resis- becoming ready for harvest. It is ex- the super trees also. Resistance to
project breeding pines
genetically -
Is This A Superior Tree? ......... superior pine trees in the southern tant to fire than the faster growing pected that an increase of 10 percent disease, particularly the fusiform

A forester ihow hU election of Tree". forests began in the early 1950's, as a slash pine, but much slower to in volume over a plantation of or- rust canker that attacks all southern
a"Super The tree..obvlotuly much dinary trees will be realized In this pine species is an example. Some I
effort between reproduce naturally.
head of the tree wound In growth u well a..tralahtne..and form. It hu cooperative forest In- Often large understocked of first twenty-five year rotation. A fifteen seed orcahrd specimens show a '
dustries areas
the and
bo been shown to be no older. particularly pulp or more percent increase is ex- marked absence of the disease in
industry, state and federal pure longleaf pines were,by necessity -
Twigs from thb tree were grafted Into Med orchard and seed colklcted paper forestry interests and the Land clearcut, leaving no source of pected for trees now being planted. their progeny.
from the clone. The progeny was tested by planting Mwdllnga and obcervfaig Grant Universities in most southern seed for natural reproduction. Ultimately, up to fifty percent more
The teamwork shown the
their growth compared to other planted alongside of states. Replanting with volume may be grown per acre among
over a period yean. If nursery grown of in- members of the forest industry,
the progeny b truly superior, which It was,the tree will be kept In the As the uses for wood, wood fiber slash seedlings became the one through a and continuing process although competitors in the
orchard. and cullulose products increased, alternative to return the cutover breeding genetic
marketplace, is a rare occurance in
more pulpmills, sawmills, veneer- forests to production. the business world.
mills, wood processing and wood us- Although a seed tree system of Super Trees.. This is an important feature of the
ing plants were built to meet the reproduction versus a clearcut and The of developing the cooperative. One company could not
ever increasing demand for wood plant system was debated trees process started in the 'second successfully 'go it alone'. By
Local Firms Have and other forest products. throughout the 50's, replanting, super forest' while the 'third forest' was cooperating within the organized
Consequently, stumpage prices primarily with slash pine, becamethe just being planted. programs,each company has accessto
rose in value, timberland values common practice, and was a Several Universities, including the a much wider genetic base. Each
became more inflated, taxes'on land necessity where no seed trees were University of Florida in Gainesville, member has access to all the genetic
Stood Test of Time and timber increased and manage- available. state forest agencies and the forest material In the cooperative.If .
ment costs soared. industries, formed cooperative pro- too few parent trees are used,
Pressure to increase the volume of The Third Forest... grams to the benefit of all. the' genes available may be so
by Joe Gissy by crate mills for manufacturingwire harvest on manageable acres was It seemed a natural transition, similar that inbreeding may occur,
BCT Staff Writer bound boxes for packaging recognized by management then, to concentrate on a tree im- The first step involved locating the leaving the trees with a susceptibility -
Two longstanding companies In meats, and hampers for fruits and foresters as a necessary step in the provement program to plant the best finest and best specimens of trees for some upstart insect or disease
the timber industry in the Bradford vegetables.At pursuit of intensive forest manage- seedlings that could be developed. occurring naturally in the forest. which at present is considered vir-
County area have withstood the test one time the company ment. Afterall, other agrucultural crops Foresters combed the woods look- tually harmless.An .
of time and are continuing opera- employed in excess of 30 subcontractors Fire protection became the first had long been targets of genetic Im- ing for trees that appeared to be bet- epidemic of this type could be
tions here. hauling pulpwood to rail sidingsor line in forest management in the provements: thoroughbred horses, ter than others on the same site and disastrous. It could wipe out the

Lewis Timber Comapny, Inc., of a company woodyard for ship- beginnings of intensive forest purebred livestock, improved corn in the same stand, being the same planted timber over vast acreages ,
Starke;.was founded atter"the'cleee' ment to pulpmills in the area. Muchof management. Forest industries and strains, and virtually all farm and age. When a candidate was found, throughout the south,as happened to
WorJdW, >r IMn nric}.WB.andha the production today is hauled most timberland owners were quick'to garden crops were being improved extensive comparisons were made the American Chestnut in the Ap-
9f. la"" the three or four cents to obtain the most hardwood belt in the twen-
pee4efigqged; ever sincejij fU1e Iogg-t directly to pulp mills In Jacksonville pay pert' genetically :asfcurfclhai WU W-uly bet plachian "
ing and timber harvesting business: and Fernandina, and to wood using acre assessment to get public forest desirable characteristics. ter than its companions in the stand* ties. !

Tatum Brothers, Inc., a sawmill- mills in the area.
ing operation south of Lawtey, was Large highway diesel trucks now I,
first established in Bradford Countyin transport forest products long ,
1952, when the late Tom Tatum distances over modern highways not
moved his sawmilling business into dreamed of in earlier times. for: tr13rabEorb'

northeast Florida from Alabama. Pulpwood production today is
much changed from the early days c cjri.tt1tr GRIFFI.N
Lewis Timber Co... when all wood handling was done by

Lewis Timber Company, Inc., hand.Today, felling is done with e
Starke, is the oldest ongoing hydraulically operated shears, ; ;
Bradford devoted INDUSTRIES INC.
business in County bucking into lengths is done with
solely to the forest industry.The and operatedsaws ,
grapples hydraulically
founded In mid
company was and loading is also done with
1946, just after the close of World the grapples. Salutes the
War II, by E. M.Lewis of Brooker.It
Some pulpwood is also hauled tree
was started as a pulpwood operationwith length to a woodyard in Starke ;4cit Bradford County Telegraph Inc.
one truck and a wheel saw. where it Is converted to pulpwood by
Producing from 50 to 75 cords of huge saws, cutting through whole
pulpwood per week, this one truck truckloads at a time, before it is on its
operation soon grew into a dealer- loaded onto rail cars for shipment.
ship shipping some 400 cords or
more per week, employing some 30 Tatum Brothers... 11Oth Anniversary

or more subcontractors.Peak Tatum Brothers, Inc. got its start
production for the companywas in Bradford County in the sumnmerof
in excess of 3,000 cords per 1952, when Tom W. Tatum moved ,I
week, in the 70's, which included his family from Alabama to northeast
such diverse products as both pine Florida.
and hardwood pulpwood in both
"Timber was getting scarce
shortwood and tree length hardwoodsawtimber forms there," said son Charles, who now r .
pine sawtimber and operates the mill with his brother I "

manufacture, pine, hardwood veneer for logs plywood for box Tom, Jr. and nephews Tom III and _: "-:::. I
material, crates and pallets, utility
The sawmill Is a family owned II
poles and pilings, cypress logs fence for business and is located just off I
crates and boxes, material for US-301 south of Lawtey.
posts and in more recent divided the I
Ownership Is among
'n saw" tree length
'chip men In the family,' but the women TURPENTINE PLANT BUSYIn
to skragg mills in area.
when are by no means left out. a recent interview with l
During the early years Sylvia (Mrs. Charles) and Linda
and industry Ellarbee Company, turpentine .
growth in the slow pulp it paper became (Mrs Tom Jr.,) take care of office operators whose plant is situated In ,
was to work with the help of daughters East Starke, we gleaned the follow-
for the company
necessary Tammy Jo and Robin. ing information. Mr. Ellarbee has 50
tie and
branch out into the cross Tom W..Tatum first started his
markets. men at work cutting boxes, and is
hardwood veneer business with a small sawmill and
continually enlarging his force. He
the hardwood
Cross ties were cut in mill adjacent, which is still
into planing has erected some 15 houses in which
wetlands, hewed carried square to at the original site, located on the his laborers live, and has also a
and either
cants by ,
handsome house which he
the hill or pulled by oxen or mules. .Local Finns P.' occupies.1898..
Hardwood veneer was in demand

'* Time to Serve the

tobacco GREAT curing SUCCESSThe house, under Public .!
management of our well-known
tobacco expert, E.H. Mulder, has
, :d proved to be a great success. .
I Mr.Mulder has successfully cured

5,000pounds of first class tobacco up You for this '
, to date, and continues to turn out 600 We Congratulate .
, a : pounds per day. He is at present
working between 25 and 30 hands, all Monumental Task
of them at good wages received ,
every Saturday night.
Mr.Mulder now has on hand 18,500

pounds10,000 from the Esperanza to be part of
plantation, and 8,500 for the Starke We are proud
Leaf Tobacco Co.- 1898.

i 4'h. .,I NEW GUARD* *ARMORY this community 'for 19 years '

| Carpenters are now busy repairing .
the second stor' : of the building
in which Middletonli Livery Stablesare Roger Jones General Manager
located,for the purpose of an armory
for the Guards who will com- ..

"" t ITTT-: : the chell's mence(Note building: Drug drilling The armory in a occupied)few was day.-upstairs by 1898.Mit in GRIFFIN INDUSTRIES' 'INC1

\ ..
r : r *

Lumber Ready For Market Mr.SHEARING Edward Middleton MACHINE Your 9648083f

F Lumber is stacked 1.the yard fee byIiaf.1 Mt Tats.1Inth.01 popular liveryman,has a new horse- SR,221 Hampton
.s machine.Is dandy and '. '
'. shearing a
: _tbofLawte timbers )wig bs dried fee aLlnLu..g. ahistjr day h etorell. Il'eai lie does not hesitate to make the fur
The ..
tisiMlteL. '*"' : fiy.-1898. v op. .!. 8sl ,
5gdlbr.eet la 1.4.S1RS.3**ftJmf>a P+T31tZ&yir A --- --- -
,s ......

./a .

.. -: ::-;:;;-- 1'; ...... ..
-... .. ':IS "$ IE .,. '!'. : :' : . ....- .. .. .. --- .... .. ., .
I I- .. -" .-.. .. ....
J L.J. \'
\ '


PAGE EIGHT, Section Three ,___

...... '

W..I- i7


'1 I

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r'I'. :+ : I ,

l .

I rN

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,k, ,

r'. n..C...... \
7te nor- p.'r

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( oI DNna.h Or.., :ti p
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I' 1


: :


; y
*% bG t Mechanization in the Woods!...

} 4 t The wheel aw pictured at top left can be seen In
+? tt =y'r : d Y i,. the woods no more, having been replaced by the
.l more modern chain saw. Introduced In the late 30s. it
r 'i .eI r was a radical departure from the cross cut saw and
*v the bow saw. When the tree is felled, the blade can be
++r .. turned vertical to 'buck' the tree Into log or pulpwood
"" '
+r, A, -- "-' -r r The wheel saw was probably the first attempt to in
$ "' ,, troduce machinery into the logging business to
w" f ""'!' .i',. remove some of the manual labor. The "big stick"
o- ++ i5.&' loader shown at bottom center, still in use today by
1-- + a small crews, was also an early form of mechanization -
s P: ,'a sill to eliminate the heavy lifting in hand loading

t r

I 1 1a j r ,.r f- c a :

.l: th

T' 1a :

: ; ,r

r ,

X "". Lt !r t '
Mr'r ., ,

r1 ..a dfrtiy+ainJra, n" .
: Lrllr r
.'I : # .. ,
Articulated Steering and Hydraulics.The ... > '
a ay
,,, ... .J"'A"" j
introduction of hydraulics and the development This allows" logs to be handled in .whole tree lengths in
of the "articulated" steering" system" for rubber tired the .woods and brought to the yard for bucking.At .
.equipment" revolutionized" the logging industry. ,
Some early attempts to use rubber tires instead of lop right, the logs are being loaded onto trailers to
the steel tracked" equipment failed because the conventional -
be moved" under the "Curry saws", and immediately
steering systems" lacked niamieierubilily." requiring below, the sawed" pulpwood. is being removed for
a large turning radius. loading on rail cars just behind the machine.At .
The" articulated joint Is shown on the skidders
left" center Is a modern "slasher saw" on theGerald
center" and shear bottom right. The tractors are" actually -
Griffis logging( operation. This saw rl'dllIIIOI(>Ito !
two pieces" coupled" together" by a swivel joint
pulpwood lengths, grapple full at a lime, for hauling
.which allows the" machine" to "bend in the middle". as short wood. .r
Fast speeds" and sharp turns are" features of the" modern .
Rf1+' M
machines. The hydraulic shear bottom right and mid-center 1
At bottom left are shown huge chain saws. poised more appropriately called a "feller-buncher" has all
over a full truckload of logs.The" entire" load Is 'hue ked' but replaced the" chain saw for felling limber The
into pulpwood lengths' before loading onto rail cars at shear with grapple arms can collect several trees
the woodyard of Container" Corporation or America an before dropping them" in a "bunch" for the hydraulic
affiliate" of Jefferson Smurfitl Corp. skidder, center, to grasp to drag to the .

I In "Woodbasket of the World" j #;'

American Tree Farm System Prospers

.., ...

Submitted by David W. Norton a.
mendations by
prepared a dant in Bradford County is proper
County Forester registered or graduate forester or management, and no-where are the $
Nationwide in scope with Increas- forestry technician plus an actual results of good stewardship more
ing thousands of landowners joining "on the ground" implementation of evident than in the Tree Farm Program c, Z ,c
what has been described as the forest management practices.In practiced by area landowners.The .
greatest voluntary forest conser- most cases privately owned and
vatin movement in the nation's managed forestland is eligible for south is not "just another
history the American Tree Farm the program and certain forestland region"of the is unlike any
System operates in all 50 states in In public ownership may be certified other region and is, in fact, the
the U.S. It is sponsored by the forest if it is managed and meets all of the prime region for private forestry in Growing Stronger After
industries through the American other standards. Woodlands which the United States. More than 55 per- i
are under the direct cent of the 16 state southern is
Forest Institute, and in Florida by management of region
the Florida Forestry Association. organizations such as Boy and Girl forestland, 70 percent of which is 112 Years.
The objective is to encourage Scouts, school districts Future privately owned.
private forestland owners to Farmers of America and 4-H In the past year alone, forest In- I
manage their forest for the increased organizations also qualify. dustry has invested more than $1
of Growing trees as a to harvest billion in the south through new and
production tree crops, with the crop
additional benefit of Improved is a long and sometimes frustrating expanded facilities. The south is The i
wildlife habitat, and the increasing job. The growing time before the first in optimal growing conditions,
ly important areas of watershed protection trees are ready for sale is measured transportation facilities and poten-
and outdoor recreation.To in terms of years instead of monthsas tial for future forest growth.It FIRST BAPTIST CHURCHof
enter tne program tne tanner it is for most farmers. A tree crop has been called "The Wood-
must first have his forests certified. demands more care and attention basket of the World"Of .
for than most the 75 million people who live in Bradford
I The national requirements certified people might think. CountyThe
1 south, four million are lan-
tree farm elegibihty
The key to and "
conserving properly downers. Of these, only two million
I written forest management recom: using the natural resources abun- (half) own more than 10 acres.

First Baptist Church of Starke began with 11 members in 1872.
P LoCal
FirmS (froru. pep 7.MCtJoa S) From such a small beginning, it is evident from our long years of

east side of old US-301 (now CR- treatment plants,says John. Most Gilman Paper Company, whose service that our new edition and the rest of the church stands as a
200A).The highway was later widened of the cants go into construction pulpmill is located in St. Mary's, memorial to Jesus Christ and His
and moved east of the sawmill. materials, but some may be resawn Georgia, operates a mill near Max- blessings upon His people.
The boys Tom, Jr. and Charles into smaller timbers or lumber ville, in Clay county, just off US-301
grew up working at their father's The company has no logging and Nekoosa Packaging Corporation FIRST BAPTIST
I mill, but eventually branched out In- operations of their own, relying on operates a similar and newer mill CHURCH today has a.full program of evangelism
to a business of their own. contract loggers to furnish logs for .just east of Lake Butler and discipleship. The program provides for the
I Starting small and working mostlyon the mill. "I hope we don't have to get These mills produce no slabs. and every member of '
nights and weekends, they now into that business," said Sylvia. Material that was formerly removedby family is grounded in Holy Scripture. :
have one of the largest privately Nothing is wasted at the Tatum sawing to produce a square cant v *: ',:. .,
owned sawmills remaining in nor- mill.Sawdust and shavings from the is now taken off in the form of wood 'f "
I theast Florida planer are marketed for litter in chips ready for the pulpmill, hence FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH is a part of world-wide m s'sion"r' .
"We operate about 40 hours per chicken houses. Bark and some the name chip'nsaw.A with .
I week, but it takes another five hours sawdust is sold to pulp mills In the tree length stem is taken into the program over 5,000 missionaries in 92 countries. ,
for maintenance and clean up,"says area for boiler fuel. Slabs and edg- mill where it is debarked and cut to '
I John. ings and other scraps of wood are log lengths, usually 8 feet.A .
I "We use about 50,000 board feet of put through a chipper and sold to the square cant Is produced by chip- f
'; I logs per day," says Charles, "and pulp mills for pulpwood ping the edges, formerly sawed off
I they come from all the surrounding This is pleasing to environmentalists as a slab The square cant moves on People of First Baptist Invite Ton "to Worship
counties Including St. Johns who are glad for the absenceof to a gang saw where it is reduced to
";l ,Alachua, Columbia, Baker Union piles of smoking and burning its final dimensions, primarily 2x4 With Them Today.
and Nassau. Callahan Timber Com- debris that used to be a part of the studs to be used in home construc-
pany though is the mainstay of our sawmill industry. tion, or either one or two inchlumber.
n timber he .
supply says.
Dftnension stock is the primary Skragg Mills... All wood scraps are chipped for Sunday School 9:45 a m. Early M Morn Wonhtf 8:30 LID. '
} product of the mill with small Two of the major forest industry shipment to a pulpmill. Bark and Douglas Sides l: * amounts of 1" and 2"material being corporations in the area have built sawdust are marketed as boiler fuel Minister of Education Pastor and MtalsTerrf '?< Herb Stucky ,
made. ana are operating modern so that nothing is wasted or burnedfor the Word Minister of Music
The large timbers are sold mostly "chlp-'n-Mw" sawmills. disposal on site.


"...I: >, .


M 'I \


. .. .
-- ---- -- --
---- -- -- -- --- -
AU..USTIO.19KD .- . > I.A..O..I: !' ..:,Serliim 'I'IIM-C
{ .. / -:I.Il.It: Al 11. Illltli ANMVIUtSAItV:
__ _._ u .. .. _.

I BC Agriculture Entering Another Phase of Transition I II

by Marcia Goodge -.-. ,: ; n" ,..,, ...' lug catfish in this area, but not many before they really know what to do
BCT Stuff Writer r "ti" \4\"'-';!. ,',''\.f.' 'j lire doing it commercially. They with it," he said.
The story of agriculture in Brad- .'; ,,":,, huvcn'l gone far enough into the Taylor said that before a farmer of
ford County is a story of constant \ marketing end of it henThe boom any kind, even a fish-farmer, puts a
transition. "Busts" for one crop r" nut ,in west Florida prompted people crop in the ground or in a pond, he
were often followed by "booms" for to get into to it, hut its still too new needs to know he'll be able to sell it.
another and the only thing which und they huve to feel their way That Is simply not the case with cat-
has remained the same is change. along" SUN! Tuylor fish farming in this area right now.
The farmer has always had to be "If n processing plant could be Some of these people are seeing an
flexible in order to survive. He had limit in un urea! a essille to this early return on their Investment by
to find alternatives to his original $ county we might sec some success
plans if those plans failed to work ft:44.'r; Some woplc! are getting into it Flea-SU HOC P.10,S<5Ct. 31'rize
out. If the corn crop failed to bring a
good price one year he had to feed it
to the pigs and sell pork to make
enough money to carry him throughto a
next year. K"K".R.R.Rw rl ax
One of the main problems has
always been that the farmer has to
deal with things which arecomplete- .pyw .
ly beyond his control. His livelihood
is very dependent on the weather
and such things as: changing /
transportation methods and costs; '1
developing technology in machineryand
chemicals like fertilizers and in-
secticides; marketing opportunities
; consumer demand;
general condition of the economy; iii
laws, rules and regulations concern- t .,. w
ing agriculture and even foreign .
trade policies. A change in anyone 1
of these areas can make or break a
crop. If the farmer is depending on
thai particular crop for his income Hcrcfortls...
such a change could be devastating.For .
example the boll weevil Cattle; has been an important component of BC 'I
destroyed the cotton crop in Brad- agriculture since the first pioneers settled here. .
ford County around 1917. If modern

research methods were available to Cluck, Cluck... 1f..i,; ,J' i-; -. 11": '
the cotton farmers of 1917, that
destruction could have been wardedoff (Top) Egg production Is I Iw
by use of pesticides, or possiblyeven
still Important to the
non-chemical methods as are
currently being researched. An In- county today, but (right) I
sect predator which would eat the broiler production Is one .c '
boll weevils but not the cotton or
of the forms of
other crops might have been found top
and introduced into the area and agriculture working In the -

Bradford County might still call cot- county.with .
ton "King" today. J,7
But farmers in this area in 1917
were not able to rely on the tremen-
dous body of research we have today
and were not even certain about how
the boll weevil destroyed the cotton !! ri
crop. One farmer, A.D. Andrews
wrote a letter to The Telegraph on changes in all these areas. expand in the Alachua County area this county and no one knows just
June 22, 1917 in which he recounted Large farm operations do not rely on because of this (worldwide what it may bring in the future, said
methods known to him to combat the one crop for their major source of in- marketing capabilities)," said Taylor. Aquaculture, or fish
boll weevil. In it he said that preven- come and are in a position to absorb Taylor. The growers association farming, seems to be catching on in '
ting the "butterfly" from laying losses on individual crops and con- recently loaded some blueberries on the area, but the industry is still too I

eggs in the cotton blooms would stop tinue to turn an overall profit, an airflight to Europe where they new to be predicted. '_ ,\-"",, i'tJ'.!,.
the weevil, because "in my opinion something the small farmer could brought $100 per flat. "People have Taylor said that catfish farming ,1
this) makes the butterfly or the rarely do.However. the market now and the interest is seems to be booming in west Blueberries...
the farm is far well in the Florida, but although its been done
weevil that does the damage later in family there, it might expand
the season." from dead in Bradford County. In future," he continued.No successfully in Alabama and
Grade schoolers today know that 1978, 320 of the 346 total farms in the Mississippi, the marketing aspect Blueberries are becoming more popular In the county, I
insects lay eggs which become grubs county were family farms, averag- Crystal Balls... has not been investigated thoroughly but It's still to early to tell If they're destined to replace ,
which eat plants, but in 1917 the ing about 96 acre per farm. (From Taylor' said there is no way to enough in this area as yet rais strawberries. !
average farmecliAd jio sucttm&ua, 'the Cau vend City Data Book.t ( -perwhich-direction farming will "There are Quite a few neonle --...... -
knowledge.In those days the farmer. .,.go So many alternativesare :
"*" """*" --
relied on best guesses and trial and Keep oa-Kotitn' being investigated at the present ADVANCED ELECTRONICS
error to deal with problems like in- With the Changes time that to pick one crop and say
sect threats and unfavorable soil Agriculture is constantly changingand "This is where we're going" wouldbe 2 Convenient Locations To Serve You

conditions. in Bradford County, agricultureis the ultimate folly.
Today a simple; test will tell a now going through another of He said that poultry was probably 332 W. Madison St.STAKKE. 2710 13landing Blvd.
farmer if the acid level of his soil is these transition periods,said County still the biggest and most stable FL Mlddleburg FL
too high, and soil specialists can tell Extension Agent Bobby Taylor, "A aspect of agriculture (excluding (90-1)964-6642 ((904) 282-0001
him what to do about it. In 1917 the transition to what, I don't know. I forestry) in Bradford County today,
farmer remained unaware of such don't think this is the end of the line including broiler production, eggs .
problems until his crops began to in farming by any means, we need and replacements. "Producers tendto 1 ? Professional Service Today, Tomorrow and Beyond
suffer and then relied on guesses, someone to produce food.' stay in the poultry business
either his own or those of other experienced "Agriculture in Bradford County because they have such a large In- Toshiba Satellite Systems TV's VCR'sSales
farmers on how to deal and the state of Florida is not dead/ vestment tied up in it. They have to & Service Warranty work done on premises
with the situation. he said it's changing. He gave the hang on and make it work even in
example of recent interest in bad years to keep from losing
Small Farms Face blueberries as a marketable crop for everything," he said.
Big Drawbacks the county. Growers formed a The continued success of the
Association which in- poultry industry is not that
However, trial and error methodsin Blueberry
which noticeable to the average person
disasterous unless volves growers and investors
farming are enoughto follow the blueberries from here to because it isn't highly visible. "Pro-
the farm operation large
ducers sell the chickens or by
Such organizations which eggs
losses.The Michigan
small absorb farmer numerous today crop can rely on are capable of looking at marketing means of contracts with big com-
in experimental opportunities on a nationwide and panies. You don't see people sittingon C. R. Smith Jr. P.A.
research done by experts the roadside selling chickens the
situations, but even the even a worldwide scale are a ,
tremendous advantage.If way you see people selling turnips or
vast agriculture amount of available technical today knowledgeon can- a blueberry grower today reliedon collards," he continued, Certified Public AccountantsJob
and local markets alone, as the Forestry and poultry may be the
not help farmers predict freezes that historical farmer did, he would be biggest aspects of agriculture in
droughts, it cannot guarantee sell small amount of Bradford County, but they are by no
able to only a
there will be a market for crop
means the only ones.The days when
relatively low price.
berries a
he produces, nor can it tell him almost farmer in the county
will Knowing that the berries will sell in every
United States
much wheat the the same types of crops are
other states and having the means to grew
decide to sell to Russia. transport them there safely and over possibly forever. Farmers in
With all of these potential the county today are exploring many
to only
quickly enable the grower
disasters facing farmers these daysit different areas of agriculture. 100 East Call StreetStarke.FL
is to understand why the sell a larger number of berries, but .White,Jr., CPA
easy much better price, since J
small farmer is such an endangered also get a JIf
Large farm the berries are not common FISH-farming?... (904) 964-7913 i iJ
species in our nation. throughout the market area. One of the newest forms is now ,

operations, are,better often owned equipped by corporations to deal "I think we may see blueberries still in the experimental stages in if ttt t r.r t s tt t $r t t $ tS S t t I'I'a '


Bradford County Trends in Agriculture
Cf HA g 'h

Since 1945 Restaurant :

Census Year No. Farms Average Sz. Tot. Farm Acres Val. land. Build :
1945 854 101.9 87,044 $2,489 w w '

I -

768 105.4 80,971 $4,916 'R I

1955 617 124.9 77,094 $9,325 "- 1

\I-:! I
iI \ ,. \. J n '
1960 472 133.3 62,898' $16,093 r.. ,1'1 'HP

Congratulation to The Bradford County Telegraph.:?; :

1970 1363 161.0 '58,506 $43,236 w on their 110th Anniversary .,:,;; :..' R nI.


1975 334 145.0 48,583 $94,400 LUNCH .< n

TUES-FRI11.2:30: h 1
346 140 9,000 $183,700 : .

: 5:00-9:30 SUN 12-2:30 EVENING 5:00-9:00: I ,.

102 40,709 $130,802 I
399 : -,<} I.' TAKEOUTS .
1982 < '

1987 349 118 : 41,178 $190,212. n fi

'" .. (BETWEEN BOWLING ALLEY &: TO-RENA MOTEL) 964-7681 ,.;:. '
Value of Land and Buildings does not Include value of equipment.


," '" F'', ,, ,_,,, .. .. .. .. . ... .. .. ... ,. ...... ... .. .
.. ... .. .. . .. ..._ _ ... _..w"...,_ _" ... ., ,.' '. .''_ '_ .. .'' _' .. "' '. .' "_' ',' ,;'

i .

.t ..


I Changing Times Yield Changing FarmsFrom y .. ..I:;: j

the total amount of tobacco he was return at that time than maybe a over. The market burned down and '. ',
relying on a fish-out operation. Thatis capable of, for example all the CD at the bank." he said. the auction ceased, although
they charge people a certain per- tobacco producers in the area would "If we see more involvement of growers tried to get one started at st
pound fee to come and fish in their get lower prices at the market corporate money in agriculture In the Brooker Farmers Market. :
stocked ponds. because of the increase in volume. the future, we may see a comeback. By the time the market was W j "
"We don't know the economics of Some of them might be forced to People do still have the land and the rebuilt, the number of people grow- '
this situation (catfish-farming)" so take losses and get out of tobacco know-how. If an opportunity comes ing strawberries in the county had
we can't make any predictions on production all together.The along and people can jump on it already decreased because they had
success said Taylor, ''It might havea government supports land when, and if, it comes... Well we not had a place to sell the crop m the
future here." conservation programs on a cost- just don't know" he said. meantime. Since the county no ;
sharing basis, such as planting a "Some of the old crops could still longer had as many farmers grow- ; a yy4it 71f
Farmers Exploring field in permanent pasture to pre come back if outside forces take a ing berries, the area no longer at-
Different Areas vent soil erosion due to wind or rain. hand in it," he said. For example tracted as many buyers as it once
"This pastureland is not planted fuel prices were to go up enough thatIt did. Fewer buyers meant that fewer
Other of
aspects agriculture cur- specifically for grazing, but there'sno was suddenly more economical to farmers would grow berries in the
worked in in
the rently county being include or blueberries explored regulation against grazing it," buy a local crop than to have the produce future-and the cycle of decline wenton
which have said Carver. shipped in from other areas and on.
"might some potential ASCS also assists farmers in getting This was not the only reason for
down the road noted There then local farmers could grow that
aid for tree practices."It the decline in the strawberry
of blueberries planting crop and be relatively sure of gettinga production r
are presently 1,500 acres '
s been predicted that we will be decent price for it. in the county, but it was one
the but there will be
in county, into wood shortage in the factor and serves to
2.3 before running a Taylor noted that these and other contributing
years producers see any future said Carver "The out how swiftly the agricultureof
return from the still-young bushes govern- outside forces have a tremendous point
"Cattle is down right ment pays part of the cost for plan- Impact on farming. It isn't enoughfor a whole area can change,and how
production ting eligible land in timber,to Insure dependent farming is on outside in-
it's another cyclic thing said a farmer to grow a good crop. He
now, ,
that don't out of wood." fluences sometimes known as
we run used the example of strawberry production ,
Taylor, noting that in the early 70's "
ASCS also has two "luck. .
prices for cattle were good and overseen In the county to point out
herds were expanded. Then the disaster programs locally, promp- how outside influences could affect The latest statistics available on
prices fell and producers had to liquidate ted by the drought years of 1986 and agriculture.When agriculture in Bradford County
some of their herds in orderto 1988.The government paid a total of strawberries were still the comes from the 1987 Census of
"roll with the punches and survive $500,000 to Bradford County farmers biggest thing going, a large numberof Agriculture. These statistics show
," he said. through ASCS for farm commoditieslost people in the county would put in a that there were 349 farms in the
After cattle production had begunits in the dry weather. row or two of strawberries at least. county at that time with a total of
temporary decline in the late 70's On an average year (not Including They would bring their crop to the 41,178 acres. The average farm size i it it
in 1978 statisticians surveyed Brad- disaster programs) Bradford Coun- Farmers Market to an annual suction was 118 acres and the average valueof
ford County farms which sold more ty ASCS pays out $100,000 in all the which drew buyers from all land and buildings! was $190, 212.
Dove-mentioned ASCS
than $2,500 in farm products per programs. -
year. Those 216 farms (there were nation-wide has numerous other programs '
Bradford available, but no one in Brad- ri ;
346 farms in County in all
ford County is eligible for these. ""+unsr
that year) sold $1.37 million in per t .
livestock and livestock j'r
products only -
On Rollin'...
of the total Keep
9.6 percent value of 1'a
farm products sold by those farms "I guess the biggest change I've
that year. Those 216 farms sold a seen come about in Bradford County --
total of $14.3 million worth of farm agriculture is that there are now
products in 1978. (From the 1983 fewer full-time farmers than there .ft GrI
County and City Data Book.) used to be," said Carver, "There us-
There are quite a few watermelon ed to be a lot of people who lived on .
patches in the county, also. Nothingon the farm and made their living from =1 i
the scale of Newberry or Trenton the farm" without any outside in |I|I Fruit Can Be Crown in Bradford Area.
of course, "but we have quite a few come. ,
good patches" he said. "It's just a personal impression, 4 > ew t (Above) A Le Conte pear tree grew very large In G.E.Pace's .
People continue to dabble In truck but it also seems to me as if the
farming,he noted.Most of these people weather In this area is more unpredictable grove years ago. r
+ (Left) be In this as Is evidenced
have outside lines of work and If than it used to be.There .: Apples can grown county
the year looks good for a certain seem to be more bad years than t (by a small grove currently growing near Lawtey. IIxZjBgrsj
vegetable, they'll grow it and sell it there used to be," he said.
and then change to whatever Taylor said economics played a
vegetable looks most promising next big part In the declining number of y t Sy
year. farms in the county. "The big
Nurseries are springing up here change that occurred in agricultureis
and there in the county. These also that it costs so much to get
--- --- -- -
might prove promising in the future, established. Even the people raisedon
but for now this particular aspect of a farm find it hard to get started
agriculture is not big here. with their own farming operationand -V
There is presently one commer- they go into other jobs instead,"
cial dairy in the county and two he said. I
replacement dairies (breeding dairy
cows for commercial dairies to use,
don't actually deal in milk produc- Farming Expensive...
tion.) "It's not a big deal right now[ A survey of farms in Bradford
it doesn't involve many people,' County in 1978 showed that the valueof
said Taylor. There are also a few land and buildings involved In far
breeders of race horses in this coun- ming averaged $183,700 per farm
ty. ($968 per acre). (From the 1983
County and City Data Book.) This
Tobacco Declining... total did not include the amount Invested -
Tobacco production is also declin- in machinery, but still
ing said Warren Carver county executive represents a substantial amount of Pecans...
director for the Agriculture money a new small farmer would
Stabilization and Conservation Ser- have to come up with in order to get Pecan auctions are held

vice (ASCS). ASCS oversees thoseGovernment started in farming. each year at the Bradford

County Farmers Market. J

Pecans are another I I

I Programs Seekto example of one alternative : ;t _

Bradford County _
Rid Farmers All Ouer U.S. agriculture has provided. N'I I'

agriculture programs which involve
government subsidies and which Most Farmers Have r
specifically deal with conservation Other JobsA -ti 4":' "/ -"
practices. ASCS does not always lot of farmers today have out- \: .
deal with all the producers of certain side employment, such as workingfor

crops., only those eligible for the program DuPont or the prisons.They have 'a "RyI I%?' "'=i t i'r -ix Y"peal fl' PiZtii"11 17)1t) yt't' l lI
access to the land and the know-how ?
"When I came here in 1969, there to farm so they put in a few crops I I ,
were 115 producers with tobaccoo 411 I I r
which they can. tend in their spare Z I
allotments in the county now there time.

are only five. People have stopped In 1978, 58.7 percent of the farmers II r 'I I,.
growing tobacco and sold their in Bradford County worked 100 daysor ,
allotments (number of allowed Kiii aiiJSjrAw&ajicTy i fy'
acres more per year off the farm a totalof
by law) to other farmers. The about 203 of the 346 farms

total number of acres in productionis reported in the county at that time. ,, ._ .
about the same, but there are now (From the 1983 County and City "" :! -----5 --- ..7..rq.k :
fewer growers," he said. Data Book.)
i "When I started In farming," said
Boll Weevil Full-Time JobBefore
Carver also said that presently only Taylor "You could go to the fertilizer Combatting was
20 of 50 producers in the county company and get fertilizer

who are eligible for the feed grain and not have to pay for it until the about 1917 cotton was crease in that way until the latter many boll weevils, and the ones
(mainly corn) program are par- crop was sold. Now if you borrow 'King' in Bradford County and the part of July.At destroyed in that manner would not
I ticipating. The feed grain program: money,or even use your own money leading cash crop produced at that that season of the year the be there to fly around and Increase
has been going on since the mid or the money costs you" Interest has time, but the boll weevil changed all s weevil begins; to fly and go whereverhe and do so much damage when the
late 1960's explained Carver. "The to be paid on borrowed money and if that forever. wants to and travel much faster main season the latter part of July
government tries to help farmers your own funds are tied up in the Farming that time was the and become much more numerous come for them to do their great
get fair prices on certain crops" he crop you have to do without until main support of the local economy "" and often devour all the fruit that damage to the cotton crop.
said. The government pays some and it) it's sold."The' price you and the success of the cotton
crop comes on cotton from then until the Also, there is a way we can fix an
growers a certain amount of moneyto receive is often not enough to give was Important not only to farmers end of the cotton season. He gave extra trace chain and add it to our
make up for sale prices that are you an adequate" return on your In- but to the entire community.The this as the best! remedy ever found to plow gear that will shake the cotton
too low. This way the government vestment said Taylor. following letter written by fight the weevil: bush and the boll weevils that are
insures that a certain amount of the Sometimes big money comes into AD. Andrews on June 22, 1917 First, that in the spring when they now on the cotton will fall off in the
needed crop is grown without forc- farming noted Taylor. "You occa- shows the concern farmers had over begin to puncture the first forms or hot sand which kills nearly all of
ing the farmer to take a loss on it. atonally see big capital come in. The the invasion of the boll weevil into blossoms,they (the blossoms) would them. This boll weevil that is on the
The government also pays some money was made elsewhere and invested Florida. It also points out the disadvantage turn yellow and fall off, but this plant now is the one that is laying the
to not grow certain amounts in cattle or blueberries t cotton farmers worked
growers worm or grub would still be in that eggs that In my opinion makes the
I of some crops. If a producer grew;_ .because these things promised more under at that time. Chemical form. Though many of the forms lay butterfly or the weevil that does the

H 'research had not produced on the ground they would creat just damage later in the season.I .
Invents Better Cotton Gin pesticides which might combat the the same. only write this letter because I
Starke Man
insects, so other means such asII Second, he said that all forms that am Interested in Sea Island cotton. It

Starke attained national recognition "It Unclaimed the cotton is ginned j ,t those described here were sought. of each year, but seldom comes but anyone might think affected should is the product I have made my living
just prior to the 1890's when a much cleaner.The new gin mill will" Boll Weevil Coming very few at first. tured by the weevil or worm from. I am also interested in the
local man, Joseph T Fewkes in-; be located in the building formerly I have been talking with 'a man When cotton begins to make its be picked up once a week from under farmers and fell that Sea Island cot-
vented the American cotton ,gin. ,!i occupied< This excerpt was printed in The r'bowIeiIld/ Jt will/ be. repaired at. weevil has been for the past five puncture many of these buds, and the middle of the cotton, and have crop from. I give this information so
Telegraph on Sept. 6, 1889.! .once." years and he Informed me that it near the stem of the bud inside, they them taken into the house and when they can make this fight against the
I "Starke is to have another cotton These gins will be for public use. would (usually) come Into the cotton would create a worm, sometimes they get dry burn them and by doing boll weevil if they wish to.A.D.. Andrews -
gin, the machinery is ordered and on .Two bales of cotton have been ginned plant some time earlv In the spring called a grub and they would in so, in May or June could destroy June 22, 1917.

I, its way here. Messers.Truby, Stern- I II 1 in Starke already. this season." ,il' Biggest Orange Tree: In State Was Located on Bank of the Santa'Feu --

burg,4 Co. are the projectors.The __, .. n .. .
American cotton gins are to be used,'' In an Aug. III, 1889 article la The The biggest orange tree in Florida "Major "tiariee.. in 1850 according to Chatter; this Thomas, was the one who had actually
I which Is a compliment to Starke s in TelegraphIt was noted that this new once grew in this area near the site Harllee planted the seed of tree was reported to be the largest planted the tree. He said it
ventive genius,Mr.J.T.Fewkes, the American cotton gin was in an exhibition of Fort Harllee, which served as an an excellent 'China' orange, whichhe sweet orange tree in the state. In bore 150 boxes of oranges on the year
inventer." I I of Industrial machinery In important, fort during the Indian had brought from Charleston," 1880 it had grown so large It could be before it died.
I "The engine boiler press and Brooklyn, managed by E.R.. Van Wars. J wrote Chaffer. seen for miles and bore over 10.000/ Yet another account written to
gins are to be entirely new and of the Buren.The article said that this new' According to Information providedby One of those seed grew exceedingly good oranges. It was killed in the The Telegraph at the same time
best and most improved make. The\ cotton gin "is calculated a H.J. Chaffer who was curator of well and was tended by soldiers freeze of 1875. stated that the tree died In 1892 and
American gins will do double the, revolution In. the cotton business ,. the archives at Florida State garrisoned at the Fort from Other accounts disagree in that that it was the Chicago Centennial
work of the English gins." I everywhere." to Harllee 1835-1842. Chaffer reported that the they claim the tree was killed in 1895 Exposition,not the St.Louis Exposition .
? h ,, Museumin 1935 about four miles late Hon. Marlon L. Payne long and was uprooted and sent to the St. to which the trunk was sent.
1 north-northwest of Waldo on the time superintendent of Marlon Count Louis Exposition with a statement of This same writer placed Fort
south bank of the Santa Fe River. ty schools, told Chaffer that Payne's its history.Still Harllee between the Santa Fe River
Chaffer quoted a letter written by father (Dr. George Payne of another account has It that and a small lake, known now as
f,;Col. W.C. Harllee of the U.S. Marine Micanopy) had. a practice which ,the tree was dead by 1887, killed in Hampton Lake.
Ot i l }' rltvttaa' Corps which noted the location of took him as far as Fort Harllee and the blizzard of 1886. Stories of Its birth, death and exact -
I j ; the Fort. It was built by troops ofSouth Newnansvllle to ,Fort .King and C.D. Thomas of Graham wrote geographical location differ but
i, ditton Carolina Volunteers under the Ocala and it was the doctor's customto The Telegraph In the early 1900's aU stories agree that the tree was
I Y xI ,,command of Major W.W. Harllee distribute oranges from the tree about the tree. He agreed that it was the biggest m the state and that it
.I and named In his honor. Chaffer "after the manner of Johnny. Ap-, killed in the freeze of 1886 but said bore thousands. of oranges in ItsI
j ji .noted that the name Is usually pleseed and his apples." that his! ureal-unc:!lt1 S m_i .
1 OJ lniaIY
i .
.i .of I 'fd' .

.. ,. -. ..._. .
Iiii ; .m-.a- '--- -- > -- -- ,
a -
as ._ -
....... "- -
!r -= -"' '''''' "" <; --T-"' """

1 I t

---- -
---- ._ I'A"I'; M.KVKN; ti1.1 Iiun'111rre

", / \ / /',

Camp handing or ". : l- /Q.\ :. :: !:-- I

., ". ..... '
'. .."...,.-' ------ ..Tf. .'. -.
This Is The Way ,'.'""I "!'if";' >

:. .: +.. '
'- '

It WasWith aEs. I t f fI I

the opening of Camp Blanding as a regular Army

camp at the start of World War If, Starke experienced a

boom such as few small towns in the U.S. have known. It I I

became the typical Army town of that period and was the

subject of much publicity good and bad in newspapersand I

magazines from coast to coast. It became known as I

Boom Town U.S.A., and was featured in articles in "Col-

liers", "McCall's", "The Saturday Evening Post", TIME 1 4 I

Magazine, and many daily newspapers. It was the experience .

of a lifetime, and few who lived through it would

want to do so again, In spite of the monetary benefits.It 1" .

was crazy.., it was incredible... towns. She organized probably the I
there aren't enough words in the only Chamber of Commerce in the ,
English language to describe what world certainly in Florida that tells
was happening in starke during, tourists to stay away. Mrs. Stephenswent 1 1a.
World War II. to work and placed 3,500 new
In a front page streamer headline, people in private homes and today
the Florida Times Union hailed almost every house in Starke is a
Camp Blanding as Florida's Fourth boarding house. The little town of
Largest City", comparing the story 1,500 has jumped to more than 5,000
of the Blanding era to "the magic of not counting a surrounding 4,000 in
a city springing up in the wildernessat tourist camps trailers or worse; :
the crossroads" of two pioneer and 1,800 to 2,000 more in construc- I
wagon trains. tion barracks where bunk occupants .
Newspapers and magazinesacross pay $.25 a night for the -
the nation picked up the privilege of sleeping." R-ai '
theme and Starke soon became Local sewage water, light and Army Band Marches Down Soaked Call St. 'I
known as "Boomtown U.S.A.", phone systems were overwhelmed.
__ .
U .* / -- --
resulting from its i -
overnight change Opening its office in Starke in "w ,
from a sleepy crossroads town of November 1941 with 27 employees
1,500 to "a teeming bulging false- Southern Bell handled over 6,000 INSIDE I
fronted, frenzied dollar-grabbing long distance calls to all parts of the STEP
I-don't-know-what!I", as famed jour- country during its first 23 days. In
nalist Ward Morehouse described it December the number jumped to II
in a blistering article in "The New 11,000 and 15,000 in January.
York Sun". Similar articles appeared ,"With a steady stream of worker- I
in "Colliers", "McCall's'' commuters who couldn't find a bed
the "Saturday Evening Post" and"Time" In the Starke area there are ac- 9- .JIR- -.1.1f
Magazine making Starke a cidents every day on the traffic-
household word across the nation. beaten highway to Jacksonville and

Starke had only Chamberof

Commerce that warned I
; I -

tourists to stay away."From i. L' -_ u j. I

a forest of underbrush and _.
Gainesville but there is no hospitalor ------ -
scrub oak (on the east side of
ambulance service here. Even the
into being Above: Madam Fortune Teller sets up shop on a vacant lot and awaits c _
Lake there
Kingsley ) came -
town jail is inadequate with its six or
fourth customers who dare to "Step Inside.
Florida's largest city seven drunks to a cell which has
named for Major General Albert H.Standing. .
often been the quota on Saturday -
""retired commanding"-. "nights.'There rare-neither enough'' -At right: The one and only Babe Ruth.welcomed to Starke by Mayor: :1c'
general or the 31st (Dixie) Division doctors nor cops. It has been wet and Noon Wainwrlght. The King of Swat was one of many sports figures Including -
and one-time head of the Army's National cold." Jack Dempsey and Joe Lewis to visit Blanding during World WarII. .
Guard Bureau" the Times- Under the heading "Defense .

Union reported.Blanding Boom in Dixie", TIME Magazinesaid
started out to be a Na- that in Florida 15,000 men were fi r .
tional Guard training site to replaceold throwing up a tent-city at Camp .csts\ ay IL
Camp Foster which with the Blanding for 75,000 soldiers.Starke's TJ C
threat of possible war, had been rents jumped from $19-$25 to$50-$60.
selected by the War Department for Old residents complained that Negro
location of a Naval Air Station.
- '
"Work began on preparing the cooks and maids they had paid $4-$7
28,200-acre site acquired by the State per week were quitting to work for
Armory Board for $199,000, making families of Army and Navy officersfor
it suitable for diversified training, $10-$12 a week. The 'sporting
including artillery ranges in the svn- houses' on Jacksonville's drab
dhill area east of Kingsley Lake. Houston Street raised their prices
Salvage materials were brought and expanded their personnel by 200.
from Camp Foster and work on the The local Health Department shock--
housing area at Blanding started in ed some staid residents by
the last quarter of 1939. publishing figures on the high rate of
had hardly venereal disease in the Starke area. e
been complete rogram when the "Day ofInfamy" Officers at Blanding warned the City xr
as President Roosevelt administration that something must
be done to clean up the town or it
called it-Pearl Harbor Day, Dec.7
'off limits'. The
1971launched World War II, and would be declared
Telegraph was criticized by some
Blanding became a sprawling
regular Army post teeming with for publishing such information.
TIME commented "Into such
100,000 infantry trainees at its peak. sober-minded It'i
The Starke was immediate spectacular activity .
impact, and one on for which the town Southerners could read little long- ( ---.:..:..- '"'<""..I'JoM! ---------
term meaning. Once the camps are
was totally unprepared.of facilities Emergency at Blandingto built the jobs will be gone. For a The carnival atmosphere pervading Call
construction accommodate beds insteadof South that needs the tools and fac- Street during Blanding days is shown in these ; '1v a7w '
2,800 tories of modern industry abandoned two scenes of sidewalk concessions includinga
the 25 capacity originally planned laborers dance halls and beer parlors will shooting gallery and a 3-for-a-dime photo
required an influx of 21,000 "
solve no problems. gallery.
with a monthly payroll of 2500000.
Barracks and other buildings were
assembled and erected on the site

almost overnight. Starke was thrust Blanding 'Daze' Along Call St.
into a building program of its own to
accommodate bars restaurants
amusement spots and novelty shops (Impressions from The Telegraphof line for groceries... crow-bars need- u
appealing to the trade of servicemen the impact of Camp Blanding on ed to get into the post office... IF r
,some of whom were followed Call Street in early October, 1940.) Waitresses and service station at-
by their families. Every vacant tendants all frazzle-nerved and
room in town was rented, to help At two o'clock Saturday afternoon sleepy-eyed... stores open until mid-
house workers at Blanding, as well Walter McFashion, boot-black at night to rake in the last dollar...
as wives and children of the Bill Mundy's Three Friends BarberShop Local farmers amazed at carnival -
military.The chased a speeding laundry atmosphere... street hawkers i
media attention to conditions truck down the middle of Call Street. shooting galleries instant photo wIlli
here was overwhelming-of it "Hey! Stop!" he panted. "We're out- shops fortune tellers... bumper-to- # : iWJ
favorable some not. The "Colliers" ta everything! Mr. Bill says gimme bumper traffic on highways... some ': -
story contained beautiful color 200 towels right now! Sho is a good workers forced to commute from
photographs of Kingsley Lake and thing I caught you 'fore you lef Ocala 70 miles away... roads lined
predicted that Starke would becomea townman oh man I" with hitchhikers carrying tools and
city of 30,000 based on data that suitcases... Oakies camped along
estimated every two soldiers in a Walter's plight was symbolic. The the road... Blanding brass appealingfor
would attract one sightseers to stay ..
military camp rush that was taking place at the
new civilian to the nearest town. barber shop was going on in every summedIt --
"Boom Town County jailer Ben Rowe
a story
business in town. Twenty
McCall's said: all up: "Somebody knocking at the
"Down close to the Caribbean laborers whose job was to build a front door and the back door and the Blanding Center on Kuxl Cull Street' w is hilled us "Slarke's' ('11\.' n illiin a City" and iiu-lmlrd. a luis KI": -
Starke, Florida embodies military camp in 90 days had telephone ringing off the hook at the lion food concessions military supplies and oilier .lliiiiKM iiipealiii| | to sort trrnll.n.\flrr llu>war it was
mathematical problems of humans descended on Starke- population same time. NUTS(" converted Into a p I IN lqlll"lIIt and wax later destroy. ,111"i lire in Ot-lntier of I!''IS. CUIIHI*of (,lie lil.i/r was
1,395like a swarm of locusts. .. '
undetermined. -
'and defense. Normal workers population now Unbelievable! Barber shop _. .. .

1.500; construction coming soon with customers had to take numbered .. :.
18,000; army tickets and wait their turn in the .
60000. must have been a chairs. Clipped hair piled up on the ? ..' n. .

very"J think pleasant Starke village not very long floor faster than it could be swept .. t '.Ii.': W'
It has some leading charactersin up.Natives JOY ;h 1/) .. r .
ago. of older residents had been forewarned of an SOLDIGRS Signs of : .. ,- -
its company ...... .
"boom" and had made ,, '
who might amusing have been plan figures about in he some impending effort to prepare themselves.Here Boom 'Town .."....r .... I ... ..

sleeper colder part of Florida: the and there a store had been le--rrt"01; .
outmoded facade 6' '
unexpectedly enlarged, an
young mayor who was with neon lights and plate At left: Two' ;i. '" TUEBoomTownnest
elected to the boom the leisurely replaced contrasting signs AND WISIITO
editor of the clever localpaper, glass, and attics and garages turned of the time at A CnnIs1IAN.
money but having less Into makeshift sleeping quarters. 'F YOU ARE RU8BINii DAtU
fun making doing more it and the hearty good- Starke considered itself prepared... main gate at ARE NO DAIi(['
Evelyn Stephens secretary but no way I Blanding: wtttRE 1nERE PRIVAU
looking Camp
Chamber of Com- The town became a teeming MY
Starke INTO
of the .. the crossroads "Soldier Joy"wa TURN
merce. center of humanity. 5 Ka .. 1oa5h > a Juke Joint DRINKING,
"It's'a wonderful thing for Starkemi of North Florida... from 1,500 In- and the "nodrlnklnK" f& NO
habitants to 5,000 almost overnight.., sign LANDING DR09R1ETOR
.. "
"No Vacancy" signs everywhere.
pouted ul the
in small (
18 people rooming one entrance UStrickland's
bungalow... prospecting investors tn
arriving daily, but leaving in disgustfor
lack of carpenters and materialsfor dlnC.!

building Housewives.' waiting In J

_...>>- -. .
,- .
_, ..... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ,- o'V'r ,

-- -- -

I I Camp Blanding One of Driving Economic Forces in BC I II

I By Mark Frl.dllnBCT : back at headquarters, then a rapid
I succession of firing orders are bark
Staff WrHrr !
I The Camp Blandinp, military Ngcrf &sStiffty% ed into the transmitter. the of
out to score
reservation has become one ol the As the word goes
driving economic forces in the Bradford convincing hidden with a
camouflage design,
area, new
Telegraph's coverage!
providing jobs and a multitude1 ol the highly trained gun crews leap Into -

economic benefits which, have a 'rip- action.
200 pound shells, looking like fat
I pie effect' on area businesses andI and
of death
ugly messengers
the surrounding communitiesOver
I 15,000 regular U.S Army and destruction, are armed with either
national Guardsmen tram at the one of two types of firing
facility each year during "AnnualTraining" mechanism; the first, a conven-
or 'AT's' as they are tional fuse, is set to explode on impact -
referred to by guardsmen and area } .+', with the ground or some other
in the / ;: enemy hardarmorcd) target which
I civilians who have lived area : .
I for a long time and hear (and fuel) has been located by the spotters; the
the blasts of the heavy artillery! guns y other type includes a timer
I as they fire on the practice range mechanism that is set to explode at a

deep in remote areas of the 27,ixxi( predetermined time
I square mile training area. After the shells are armed, they
while the size of the fdcilits k F Ir are hoisted onto the cannon
located on Kingsley Lake between 'r t mechanism with a hydralic loader
Starke and Keystone Heights, nod l which shoves the shell into the
the number of fulltime employees breech of the big gun Two technicians -
remained fairly constant from the on either side make the final
I 1960's and 70's, the Ronald Reagan aiming adjustments, then a burly
I administration poured unprecedented sargeant yanks a lanyard.
I amounts of new money The guns ronr with a sound like a
into the Camp Blanding facility and massive thunderstorm, betrayingtheir
increased the number of guardsmenand w r positions only momentarily by
regular Army units making use + belching smoke out of the long gun
I of the facility by almost three times tubes poking out of the protective
An air force group, the "Red netting, as the shells scream toward
Horse" squadron specializing in their targets, striking with a roar as
repairing combat damaged air- fir.Y 'hey inpact in the now pulverized

fields, relocated to Camp Blanding ..... l...."ftt urea with a shattering explo-
from Jacksonville's Cecil Field in Y '. ,,; ,Ion.
1984. 'I he sne' : "(packed with a val'ie-
An impressive new Armory and > of differe."' size powder loads for
Post Headquarters building w.i' efferent rant/'!!, depending on the
completed in 1985 and a the growth is >. mission and can be armed conven-

still continuing this year and into the o..l.:. ....... .,.. ti. il I TNT, fragmentation loads
foreseeable future with workers ..,"i 'iV'. ., wnioh burst in a deadly spray of I
'" '
1" >
from area construction companies ,,. '.. .). 'r".. '.,,-., metal projectiles, C-X nerve gas,
currently in the middle of a $2 < w .. r, J" < :... .,'J, ,' .r.:.; (none is tested at Camp Blanding) or
million construction which includesnew ", Y of the small<1ess than a
a.; ..1\ fltldSt (... even one
ti J .j.
computerized firing ranges up .. !::;.Zit<7.'O! :; z......3.b ANew < ,,"-.:...;>,;jO.w..i: megaton) nuculear warheads.
dates on electronic equipment and "U can be dangerous work, but
new barracks for officers and Boy, Is It BIG.. you when you get a good team effortin
enlisted men. ( England) Army Division quarters in 1941. this type of training it makes it all
Some of the massive size of the
j concept Camp "
One of the most exciting new project worthwhile, said one of the men at
for the veterans of training at landing construction project is given in these tw) The lower photo shows a hutment area in which the 105 gun emplacement "We're
I Camp Blanding during the war infantry trainees were originally housed. ready for anything."
years is a new World War 11 views showing an aerial ohotn ton) of thin: aswiI

Memorial Museum, a special foun- .
dation spearheaded by Keystone -.
Heights resident and National .
Guard Maj.] Rodney Hall, which is .

making fast progress on rennovation Construction of
: of a WW II vintage building near lire
main entrance on SH 16 which will Blanding started

serve as a museum for \\VV1I artifacts Sept. 10, 1040 and
and other memonbilia of the
period. was completed: in the

spring of 1941 by

the contractors,

Tours Show Stairett Brothers &

BlandingActivities r' 1 Ek. Inc., buildersof

of tin !"med Empire

InterestLarge 5t.... Guiding inNer

'irk. Total
of local business
leaders and Chamber of Commerce 'ost >t instruction
take ..,, .. ..
officials get to an exciting up- wee acquisition
close look at some of the largest ar- w..r rft' w ,, 2,526,000/
I p1
tillery in the National Guard inventory ._ t 'I
each year as the guard conducts r'ti ,
I tours of the sprawling facility.
The troops make extensive use of
the Camp Blanding firing range,
which has a variety of different terrains r .. _n._ _._ .- -. .. ... p ,..- ,_ .._ -
and geographical feature
which make it unique among othi I that the realism of their training is further downrange into the target
training sites available to the !gu.iro! direUK i dated to their ability to area. Both of these weapons arc
smen. light end! survive on the battlefield.We mounted on tracks, giving then
"We think our community leaders: ain\ ,ire visited for training byname crews a degree of mobility vital ir ,
need to be informed about the Onai; and the type of training they get hi i eat and Navy squadrons, and they are primary training exercise in ,.., 't -
Camp Blanding,' commented! heard as well." eludes not just the target aqulsitior
Col. Fred Campbell, 227th Bi ri"'dt'< The growth in the number of artillery and firing,but practicing the abilityto
Commander on a recent tour by Clay units which fire at this train fire, then move quickly before the
and Bradford County civic leaders. ing facility has been steadily Increasing enemy finds their location and can
"Here at Camp Blanding they have since 1981 launch a counterattack f '1 1It's 1i
72,000 acres and miles of firing The results are a dramatic spec "We have an important real world i
ranges needed to safely test the tacle of military firepower on the mission," Col.! Campbell said. "In
capabilities of their weapons and range, which is bordered by case of a general mobilization, our
support equipment under conditionsvery Keystone Heights. Starke and unit will be Integrated with regular
similar to a real battlefield environment Kingsley L .ike. and who's residents Army units, and I challenge anyoneto
." have long lived with these "Summer tell me the difference between the
Troops from all over the country Guns" which boom out during day two. We are very proud of the profes-
have been pouring into the area for and night exercises alike. sionalism in this unit."
their annual training exercise which Night exercises bring some The guests on tour usually Inspectthe
began June 11 an influx that tradi- onlooker out to the sides of the Brigade Command Center,
tionally has a big, and! positive highway brodering the Camp to sampling some of the services'famous
economic Impact on the n'arhy (communities watch luring Summer months "C-ratlons" for lunch, then
i' of Starke, K."\ ..' me IIeli opters roar through the dark travel to the target area to watch as w
Heights and Middlelmrg sky searching out "targets" for ar- the shells scream in overhead and
land in the impact zone about a mile 1
I I away.Their vantage point is a large,
man-made hill where spotters take

I each year, the quiet In the woody misses.careful" score of the hits and

areas shattered when artillery The highly technical nature of ,, '
I modern warfare -. and the trainingthat
brigades set up their massive must precede, it, was the focusof
Campbell's remarks to the group."I .
I weapons and begin firIng think the public perception of
the basic "Grunt" (foot-soldier) is
changing for the better," Col. Camp-
hidden in the bell commented"They used to have
The highlight of the AT each year tillery emplacements
comes when the Artillery Brigadesets forest miles downrange. this Image of the dull, plodder walk- A
up their massive weapons and Flares erupt suddenly, blazing ing through the mud, but this is (*rt
begin shattering the silence of this with a smokey, fitful light as they changing rapidly This Is a highly Soldier'sLife. 4: : 4 .
usually quiet range with round after arc toward the ground in spiraling technical battleground we will be .
,I round of high explosive shells. paths fighting in today, and every memberof .. y y J A
I Residents in the area have long The targets have been sighted in these four batallions, an expertin ... ,
grown used to the thundering noises Vietnam the artilleryman's prey his or her field." I
and rumbling in the ground caused could have been a division of North The command post Is a mobile (Top) Getting yelled
by the firing out on the range Vietnamese regulars trying to overrun command center that would be set
sounds which can be felt and heard a Marine base camp in a steaming up in short notice as close as possibleto atsoDBetirnnesisjusta
for many miles. tropical jungle; in Korea the the front lines In a real-war situa of being
"There's no need to be concerned target might! have been a "human tion. The post is always heavily part a 4
If you have just moved into this area wave" of Chinese troops attemptln guarded, complete with M-18 armed soldier whether it's
and have never heard the sounds to take one of those nameless "hills soldiers posted In foxholes guardingthe ,
caused by training before," Col for which so many lives were lost. entrances la( fourwheeldriveonly regular Army or
I Campbell said. "Many visiting infantry The localities may change, but the maze of dirt roads which criss-
j units using our firing range support of long-range artillery has a cross this huge training area) who National Guard. t
do train at night and depending on proud history of bringing massive, demanded the proper password for
J I the atmospheric conditions, accurate firepower within calling the day before visitors were allowedto you certainly 'k a
sometimes they can be heard quite distance of American troops under the enter the command area, can't get and r ,++
angry .
I clearly by residents in the surroun- fire In hostile battleground situations which Is also surrounded by bales of .
) ding communities We realize that a fact that Is greatly appreciated razor sharp barbed wire. ycllbackiRight ,
1 I this may create an inconvlenicnce by the men on the front Inside, with air-conditioners and
I j for some, but it's part of very important line.Featured mobile generators humming, busy ( ) This Starke \
j hunched
training which could be weapons to be used in Intelligence specialists ..
S is
necessary for the defense of this the training exercise Include the over brightly lit maps which showed guardsman readyfor

country. We assure. you that It will MHO, 203MM self propelled them the extent of the "target"area action in spite of
I be short-lived. Howitzer. This awesome mobile for the day and area in the middleof ,

I I The guests 'a. r treated to a live weapon has an eight Inch barrel and the range marked with bright red the heat duringsummer
firing exercise from an 8 inch artillery fires a projectile weighing over zoo circles.It .
q gun the largest and most pounds over 18 miles through the air would most assuredly be a camp.
I'I'I powerful the U S. Inventory."We to Its target, where the forcd'of the hellish place to be If you were an
have to make sure that their nccompaning explosion blasts acrater enemy soldier t 't aeo ra t;
training Is. as realistic as possible out of the ground up to 50 feet Forward spotters hidden In the kkv ) '
t rsl
brush similar to South or Y..A
wide and 20 feet deep. deep so
f t and to try to give them the full advantage
IOTA2 and Central America with radios locate
of the varying types of terrain Another Is the 155MM, ,
and geographical! features In A1: dell propelled\ l llowil/er, which enemy troop or armor concentra ,
hurl Iin explosive projectile tlons and signal their position. Z ..
this area; Campbell told his guests 1 aF .
I t "Any: military person will tell you weighing 80 puniHli( : tn its //lurk even' Triangulations are made quickly:

,..' ,d. .. "

'I ,., .
(w T" -:"- -,'! .-; "-;.," --._ .. .. .-, -.- --."-" ,- --- .' > -. .. .. .
;'C, _




AUGUST 10, 1981"
PAGE THIRTEEN Section Three'

Blanding Site for Training


." -- A1,
... '


fir.I yraa Paratrooper training is also big at

4 Camp Blanding, where conditionsare
both varied and Ideal for Roo

realistic training.
British paratroopers made their
first jump at the Camp Blanding
facility in April.1984 as part of a unique -
"exchange program" using
I giant CH-47 troop transport PE
helicopters to airlift them fa a
remote, windswept drop-point where
they tumbled from the rear doors of
1 the huge craft, seven at a time in
strict precision..

-, Rs ,


r!} The paratroopers were 149 reser-
vists of the 4th Battallion\ 5th
1Pw M Parachute Regiment which is basedin
Bradford, England. At the same /
time the British troops were in the
a. clear blue skies over Camp Blan-
ding, a National Guard Infantry
from Tallahassee were
leaping into a cold, stormy environment One fairly unusual aspect of the r

: ." participating in the exchange operation was the use of the huge
.. program coinciding with annual CH-47 "Chinook" helicopter, a twin-
.. .. training at the camp by the 53rd In- jet turbine powered workhorsewhich
; I "" ,.;"....... fantry Brigade from Tampa. features two large rear open-
,, .
The usefulness of the
training doors
: ," ,'" exercise ing accomodating over twenty
,. ,.... was underscored by the differing troops or medium size pieces of field
temperature and landscapethe equipment. The 10 CH-47's used in
visitors found at Camp Blanding the operation were based at the
compared to the rocky, northern ter- Keystone Heights Airport during pieces in addition to the airdrops.The ground when they get you In their
rain in the areas they usually train their one-week stay in the area, British paratroopers flew into sights, there's nowhere to hide."
creating quite a stir among visitors Jacksonville and loaded on-board
in.In addition to training on U.S. and commercial pilots based at the the Chinooks for the last leg of their The helicopters were in action on
issue equipment, including the airpark.The transcontinental journey to Camp an around-the-clock basis during the
Paratroopers train at parachutes they used for the exer- high-horsepower jet turbine Blanding. two-week training period.
cise Tuesday, the British troops will engines on the Chinooks gulp fuel ata Other helicopter training missions As for those vital men on the
Blanding from time to time. make one additional jump and prodigious rate, and the large flat include air assaults and night vision ground, they used their time perfecting .
replace the remainder of Company blades stirring up a windstorm on goggle training. The night vision general soldier's skills, weapon
( Left) This trooper picks up A in a field exercise and evaluation.It landing and departure, forcing the goggles are a specialized piece of qualification and integrating a<:
is only the second time the 53rd waiting men to turn their heads to equipment which allows pilots to tivities at the company and battalion
his chute after a jump. Brigade has been involved in a avoid flying bits of debris, pine "see the separate palmetto blades"' level.
direct exchange program, the first needles, twigs and small bushes in pitch darkness. During the training period active
( ) These coming in 1979. whipped up In the whirling winds. duty soldiers stationed in Panama
Right troopers The exercise continued on a The Chinooks are piloted and ser- Pilots at Camp Blanding have operated as enemy forces in a
massive scale, even for Camp Blan- viced by members of the Army flown an estimated 390 missions dur- realistic battle training exercise. Lt.
to from
prepare leap a ding standards, with more than 50 Reserves' 190th Aviation Companyout ing the operation. Col. LeLand Singleton, the 53rd's
helicopters taking part in and sup- of Olathe, Kansas and elements training officer, said the regular ar-
plane over the camp. porting the airborne operations in from Fort Mead, Maryland. The "The attack helicopters use a my troops will assist in creating a
addition to the camp's own tank and choppers support the British train- similar piece" of equipment on their Central American low intensity
artillery units conducting field exer- ing activities which also included missions one of the officers guerilla warfare scenerio for the ex-
cises. sling-loading jeeps and artillery remarked. "I'd hate to be on the ercise.

I BI ding's' W.W. II Veterans to be Honored in Memorial Park I I1E7


Camp Blanding's significant con- Following mobilization of the structed during the early war years.
tributions to World War II will be Florida National Guard in 1940, and The first floor will be an exhibit area
remembered with a Public Museum with the rapid expansion of the stan- that will include uniformed manne-
and Memorial Park to be established ding U.S. Army, Camp Blanding's quins,posters, arms,equipment and
at the Florida National Guard population soared to approximately other memorabilia reflecting World
Training Site east of Starke. 100,000, becoming the fourth largest War II, and focusing on Camp Blan-
The Master Plan for the 13-acre "city" in Florida at that time. ding's contribution, including the
site near the Installation's main en- From late 1940 through 1943, a units that trained at Blanding. The
trance has been completed Dedica- multitude of major Army units total- upstairs will contain offices, storage
tion of the facility is scheduled for ing thousands of soldiers trained at rooms and a quality World War II
Nov. 25, 1990, on the 50th Anniversary Blanding, including nine entire In- Research Library.The .
of Mobilization of the Florida fantry Divisions, plus many
National Guard for World War II separate Brigades, Regiments, and Camp Blanding Museum and
service. Battalions. Memorial Park of the Second World
Phase I of the project is now During 1944 and 1945, a very large War will be unique, since no other
underway. Phase I is construction of percentage of soldiers sent to Army Museum in the continental
the Florida Regimental Memorial replenish America's combat forces United States focuses only on World
Garden which will contain fountains, were trained at Camp Blanding In- War II. It is expected to become a
a monument commemorating fantry Replacement Training major tourist attraction. Even now
soldiers of the Florida National Center. many World War II Veterans andtheir
Guard who died during their World Moreover,the installation contained families frequently visit Camp
War II service, monuments for each a 2,800-bed hospital, a large Blanding where they took their
Florida Regiment depicting their reception center, a German training before deploying to world-
campaigns and battle honors, along prisoner-of-war compound and at wide campaigns.
with lighted flagpoles. The gardenwill the war's end, a huge separation Camp Blanding is now 50 years
be landscaped and surroundedby center.A old. In 1939, the camp was established -
palm trees. not-for-profit corporation, The as a state-owned Military TrainIng -
Phase II will be a larger park with Camp Blanding Museum and Site. It was named in honor of Lt.
displays of artillery,armor,aviation Historical Associates, Inc., has been General Albert H. Blanding. a
and wheel vehicles located around a formed to assist the Florida Depart- distinguished head of the Florida
lagoon complete with a water spray. ment of Military Affairs in developIng National Guard Bureau, appointed
Landscaped gardens will surround the Museum and Memorial during the Roosevelt administration. -
iB&S SSssS9. the entire area, with a network of Park. .
/ i. .11**.WK Ji-> .iaekii' meandering paths leading to Phase II will renovate a building To become part of this patriotic effort
monuments commemorating major for the museum, a two-story former contact: The Camp Blanding
To House Museum... =:: : = units that were stationed at Blan- Guest House, which will be totally Museum and Historical Associates,
I A memorial miueum b rM who pawed through Camp IUaDdJnfwW placed ding for combat training. The park rehabilitated. The building is one of Inc., Route 1 Box 465, Camp Blan-
1930'.cm building juM outside the Mb g tiDtxlluUan will include a picnic area. the last surviving buildings con ding, Starke, Fl. 32091-9703.
ceremonies for the Memorial Park are pUnned for Noremker.1990.

I New Emergency Airstrip was Carved Out of the Scrub Historic Notes 'I

'-', ., ...
A new airstrip at Camp Blanding, Cuban-held airstrip later secured the service of their country.The at just five feet off the ground, pull- Company Army Reserve, two WAR DECLARED
carved out of the pine scrub forest after intense fighting in the area. troops on hand for the ing everything from front end Florida National Guard engineer BETWEEN NEWSPAPERSWar
by military engineers, gives airmen The series of exercises conductedat ceremonies were but fired up by loaders in size down to the ground units participated in the airstrip con- has been declared betweenthe
using the facility a whole new set of Camp Blanding were the first air- remarks made by Col. Bob Howard, with a quick-opening parachute. struction. Lake Butler Bulletin and the
options In case of an emergency.The borne operations ever conducted commander of Fort Bragg's 20th Besides the Army's 27th Engineer Starke Telegraph. The "causus
landing totally within the confines of the Engineer Brigade. Battalion, 548th Engineer Battalion These were the 269th Engineer belli" is something concerning one
new, emergency
facility is capable of handling giant, facility. The new airstrip gives par- "Well men," he said In an (Combat) (Heavy), Headquartersand Company of Live Oak and 153rd courthouse election in Bradford
Air Force C-130 transport planes ticipating units the unique capabilityof authoritative voice from the top of a Headquarters Company, 20th Engineer Company of Lake City. County, which bids fair to shake the ,
both for training and for use by conducting these type of opera large truck used by his men to haul Engineer Brigade and 82nd Survey Over 172 people in all worked on foundations from the ramparts of ;.
Rapid Deployment Forces in war- tions only possible previously at heavy equipment deep into the Detachment, and the 841st Engmeer the clay airstrip construction. Swift Creek to the battlements of ;
bases like Fort woods. "I all enjoyedthis River. ",
time or during "police actions" like larger military hoped you've Sampson '
the invasion of Grenada. Bragg and those In the larger little training exercise dreamed It may be well to remember that
Two C-130's, flown out of Cecil western states. up for you.the men cheered) the race Is not always to the swift .
Field In Jacksonville, took an Before the new airstrip was com- and I want to assure you that I've got Blanding has long nor the victory to the strong, but we
the new airstrip to pleted, the small Camp Blanding Ar- plenty more ideas up my sleeve for Camp say "lay on McDuff and damned be
overflight over my Air Field was off limits to any the near future." he who first cries hold Enough! -
celebrate The the occaison.four-engined aircraft craft larger than a helicopter, manyof The assault airstrip permits large been a central figure In 1898.
huge the landing strip at which were used for troop deployment aircraft to land in a "forward"
swept in across feet off the ground, exercises.during training. (where the action is) area" and the economic development rrrw
less than 100
with the With the completion of the new 5,000 train In the complex and demanding LADIES IMPROVE PARK
whipping nearby treetops dt-130's The ladies of the S.L.I.A. have Improved -
as they foot long runway landings of assingment of loading and unloading
backwash from their the props cheering and a whole variety of planes heavily armed troops In realistic of Bradford County. the park by having the grass
passed over below. smaller in size will be able to fly In training scenarios. In this case mowed off and the trees trimmed.
paratroopers clustered for training. dense Florida forest and deep They are indignant over the fact that
the 317th Tactical pine It still the
The planes from Air Force These type of landings were made sand all of which presented special serves countyby some person or persons are in the
Air Wing at Pope accustomed to habit of cutting on the trees and ben-
North previously at the Keystone Heights challenges to men a
Base in Fayetteville whole\ new era Airport, located just north of Hwy. different terrain in North Carolina. bringing thousands of ches with pocket knife and have
Carolina,ushered in a Blan "This area is similar to some in killed several trees by cutting great
of airborne training at Camp 100.Even Col. gashes in them.- 1898. (Note: SUA
fighter jets, operating over, South and Central America
the for
Troops into the adJacent the gunnery range at the camp out of Howard said. "It's a good mixture of troops Into area was the Starke Ladles Improvement fit. "
were dropped Drop zone i at! the the Navel Air Station at CecU Fieldin different environments for Association.) "
Caatellanos of a Jacksonville, are able to use the training." training each year.
in part
earlier this ,t. I
cap display set up airstrip for an emergency landing in During the operations heavy con- :
spectacular the event of an engine failure or also waa drop.
this 1n- 7
reactions of onto It's economic Is The Bradford County High School
to test force* other incident which forces a quick ped site with a unique Impact
deSoyable"fighting enrollment of 94 scholar
atantly landing. device called LAPES (low altitude has an
operations which may occur of In any the The new facility is named for Pfc. parachute extraction system). This unquestionable. This is an unusually large the attendance ;
of the world. Some out of for this season of year.
part Ernesto Anderson and Spec. 4 device rolled heavy equipment
in the operation the in
Prof Hercules is right man
veteran tI'oopIlnvolved invasion, of Robert Bartlett, paratroopers of the the back door of the transport planesas ,
participatediln the in over the 27th Engineer Battalion, who died in they screamed along the ground the; right place.1898.r

'!' ,_. .g

\ '" II )1,1


--- -
-- -- -
s !. < rR" 1 eMvy

Men and Machines. .

Camp Blanding in Photos


S uf


Congressional Support...
u.s. Representative Bill Grant ha been one of the '1
biggest, supporter of the rapid buildup at Camp t..'i4
mending which began during the Reagan .
Administration and continue today with the ;A I
realization by Department of Defense planner that _
veteran Guard unit represent the moat cost-effective

.r,_mean_of maintaining__ a strong national' .def_ _o' 1.1!; 4

I r5 +t,4., k. 4rt


t 1 v. 4
e. YM

A Little Bit of E"ervthln,; .
The wilderness I* never very far away at Camp Blending,
a*shown when this very tame dwr came up to the back
door of a mea hall look Ing for a hand out.
The going get hot during training Kbeduln! for the L
warm summer month In the state and a Nip from the -
canteen (above) I*always a welcome. relief.

t .
.- -
t. \ ...;C',,. -
Ji :'IJ._'. &_


S i

r .:* rT ? 'r !



Passing In Review...
TOW Anlt Tank weapon are driven past the Camp Standing review stand a*US regular Army troop flnbh their
I Annual Training with a parade and Inspection before Florida Governor Bob Martinez and other VIP'
The vehicle the TOW 1* mounted on I* the Army'new all.purpose vehicle rrrlwln*the venerable Jeep of World
War II .

,, 4rtjt

I M rtjt it,. I

j. !

I r w.M19rq'l I I

.I II I.I I.II I )vA f ::

I j d: 'I a rs
I tlD


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1 .

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"" _IINCEI07t_ l'

.{ ANNIVERSARY 1-.t ISSUE ]1879 1989

:e-grUP: e- _

August 10,tall

STARKEwas named for first postmaster's sweetheart;

BRADFORD COUNTY was named for Civil War hero

Most of the early residents came

from two neighboring states; 41 --
from South Carolina and 37 from
tea'C4air -- : Georgia. Among the names that are 1r11r1 v
TEW still familiar here were: Baisden,

a Hodges, Thompson, Triest, Brown, STARKE
Lee, McRae, Smith, Dowling, An-
dreu, Hollingsworth, Cox, Dees,
Martin, Kersey, Gatlin, White, Wmn = A REALLY FRIENDLY TOWN 5Jdeal

(Wynn) and Crosby. T3tUitie4- for

The laying of track for the new
LIVERY Starke in March, .
/ ;. 1858 and for unknown reasons
li l- (perhaps a shortage of finances)
i Alll construction was halted here for
almost a year, during which time
Starke was the terminus of the line, --..-
and transportation was provided to .
-' Waldo Gainesville and Ocala
=::: by
.- + EARLY CALL STREET SCENE C" -.:.. stage coach. Construction was

----- resumed and the track reached m...u.,.t,flurlila Stale. P"..",,.lacalnl II milt u wi af Sliirkr.. II It Ikf
Hampton in January 1859. lilt ul man nmtllm*than. North Cnlrml florid.,."'",It.11I100Execution/ .
Starke means many things to many people.To Things looked promising for Yulee
it "The George W. Cole, who purchasedfrom and his railroad- but not for long.
some means sweetest strawberries this the Government the section of
side of Heaven"... to some it means memories of Camp land known as the Original Town of The track was completed to Cedar CityvtOMCAMMU
Key by March I 1861 two
just months -
Blanding as it was in its hey-day... to others, who read Starke, including most of the present after the outbreak of the Civil
the daily it Call Street district. Cole was ap- .h. .,.n wsr.
press, might mean City" from the first and War,followed by Florida's secession
pointed postmaster was
the widespread false impression that the Electric Chair given the honor of naming the town. from the Union.

(Old Sparky, as some would call it) is located in the mid- According to letters in old issues of Crowds had cheered as the first Two Different Views of Starke...

dle of Starke... but to most who live here, or have lived The Telegraph, he named the town wood-burning locomotive puffed The sign pictured above was one used many years ago by the
here and would like to return, it is just what the old Starke to compliment his fiancee, across the bridge connecting Cedar Chamber of Commerce to induce tourists along U.S.301 to stop and
Chamber who was a member of an old South Key with the mainland, but the take a look at Starke.
of Commerce called
it. "A
sign ..
Friendly Lit-
tle Carolina family by that name. cheers would soon turn to tears. The headline below Is from a newspaper that unjustly labeled
Capt. John Charles Richard (pronounced Union forces invaded both Fernan- Starke the Execution City of America, although the electric chair is
Richard, with accent on dina and Cedar Key. Raiding parties actually located at Florida State Prison. II miles from Starke.

With almost 40,000 motor vehicles Wayne County, Georgia who obtained the 'chard') came here from Mid- tore up the track from Fernandina to
passing Starke daily and went into Baldwin and followed the line on to
through on from the Government 40 acres dleburg partnershipwith
three major highways, U.S. 301, and along what is now U.S. 301 in the George E. Pace in the firm of Starke where more track and a the Reconstruction era from 1867 to town clerk, and W.A. Bessent as
State Highways 100 and 16, it's hardto area of Bradford Square shopping Richard Pace, Starke's first large storage house containing suppliesfor 1877 when Congress passed acts pro- town marshal. The five aldermen
imagine that 110 years ago this center. He was the grandfather of general merchandise store. It was the Confederate army were burn viding for the reorganization of the (councilmen) elected were Thomas
was a tiny crossroads settlement the late Sheriff P.D. Reddish. When located at the railroad on the south ed. former Confederate States and set- Hemingway, Joseph Alvarez. G.W.
with traffic consisting only of a few news leaked out of the proposed: side of Call Street in an old building Starke escaped the brunt of the ting out the process by which they McKinney, J.C. Richard, and A.H.
ox teams and horse-drawn wagons. Civil War, but progress was slowed were to regain. their representationin Johns.In .

After more than a hundred years when many of its young men and Congress.But 1875 another boost was received
of slow growth (except for the Camp Postmaster Allowed to Name community leaders left for servicein even under these adverse conditions when a county seat election was held
Blanding period) Starke is now shar- the Confederate Army. Capt. Starke continued to grow and Starke won over Lake Butler in
ing in the rapid growth being ex- The New Town StarkeIn Richard organized a militia unit and reached a population of 400 by a victory that was challenged by
perienced throughout Florida. Witha (Co. A, 10th Florida Infantry) which 1875, with an influx of new citizens, voters on the west side of New River
population of about 200 when thepost Honor of His Fiancee fought bravely in the bloody four Including such well-known names as who wanted to keep the courthousein
office was first established here years of civil strife. But the nearest N.J. Jones, Dr. John L. Gaskins, their area. They took the matterto
in 1857, Starke now has a count of battle of major importance fought in Thomas Hemingway, J.J. court, and three years later the
this area was the Battle of Olustee Sparkman, Joseph Alvarez S.S.
nearly 6,000according to latest Gulf election was voided because of Ir-
estimates. Atlantic to cross-state railroad, that was recently restored and near Ocean Pond in Baker County. Weeks, and W.F..Bowen. regularities in the voting count. The
Drury Reddish, a farmer and cat- remodelled for .
use as apartments.The
The sound of could be heard
Before the first cross-state tleman,sold his property and moved the northwestern guns of Bradford in The time had come, they thought county seat was moved back to Luke
part for the town to be An Butler, touching off a series of elections
in the for fear Incorporated.
in farther west
railroad came through here the county
census of 1860, the first to be County, and had the Confederatesnot
election in which the site of the county
would kill maim his was called for May 29, 1876.
1850s, this area was described by an that trains or
taken after establishment of the post won the battle. Union forces to seat changed back and forth at least
vote or no on incorporation.
early writer as a wilderness, a vast livestock. yes
office, showed only 138 persons liv- would have swept through here on and elect a slate of officers. Only 42 three times before the end of the cen-
and unbroken pine forest where the This railroad, which would soon ing here at that time. According to a their advance to Gainesville.
deer bear, wildcat and the stealthypanther persons voted in the election but all
turn the scraggly little crossroads notation by E.R. Ives, the census tury.With
After suffering four of hard- 42 voted In favor of
roamed at their own free settlement into a village with a enumerator,only "free inhabitants"no years incorporationand the Civil War over and the
ships during the war, another elected Dr. Gaskins as Starke's'irst
will. There was not a single house
future was the brainchild of David L. ( slaves) were included in the
decade of stress was endured during mayor. S.S. Weeks was chosen See STARKE 2
worthy of the name... only a. few Yulee,of Fernandina,Florida's first count. page
shanties occupied by workers who U.S. Senator after the territory was
had come here to help build the admitted to statehood in 1845. Yulee

railroad. was a dreamer and also an activist.He .

For a very good reason, the area visualized a rail line cutting Capt. Richard Bradford Was First Florida
that is now Bradford and Union diagonally across the state from
Counties remained sparsely settled Fernandina to Cedar Key. He had a I
during Florida's territorial days, strong desire to open up the interiorof
1822-45. Only a few hardy souls Florida and saw the railroad as Officer Killed in Action in Civil Warties

dared brave the hardships and the the best way to achieve that goal.

constant risk of death at the hands of Due his efforts in 1853 the
to ,
Indians in order to establish a homein Florida Railroad Company was Few, if any Florida count have the honor of being ding officer wrote: "Captain Bradford was brave

Florida's sparsely settled interior organized with Yulee as its presi- named for a more distingui Ished figure in Statf'ff Just, generous, and enlightened, and his native State, '

dent. Construction of the line beganIn history than Bradford ity. Richard G. Bradfordnor upon whose soil he fell and whose cause has been con-

Most of the state's population at 1855 after receiving state and was a descendant of Gover, William Bradford of the secrated with his blood, will long delight to honor the

that time clustered around seacoast federal land grants from the Plymouth Colony and was j t born I on the Bradford plan- memory of a son whose short career has shed lustre
towns such as St. Augustine and Government, which was willing to
Pensacola, where there was less give land to the railroads for right- tation north of Tallahassee, After his death at the age upon her arms and whose fate she laments as a public

danger from Indian attacks. The Interior of-way In order to speed up develop- of 25 in the Battle of Santa Rosa Island, his comman- calamity."
was still largely unexploredsince ment of the state.It .
there were no rivers, no roads was only by chance that the Few, if any, Florida counties have of what is now Bradford County, for
worthy of the name,and no railroadsto railroad followed its present route, had a more Interesting history than the protection of early settlers who ,
provide transportation.The causing the little settlement (now Bradford. First of all, it was created were often beseiged and massacred' '
In and named in honor of Captain by Indians. ,.
interior was thickly populated Starke) to grow enough a coupleof
with Indians because they liked the years to warrant the establish- Richard Bradford, first Florida of- The earliest Indians in the area, "
dense swamp areas where they ment of a post office. The first proposed ficer to be killed in the Civil War. the Timucuans, were a friendly'

could hide, after attacking isolated route for the new railroad was He was leading his troops In the peaceful people, but they had disappeared '
settlers, and white men could not through Middleburg, which was Battle of Santa Rosa Island, near long before white settlers ..,
find them. already a thriving town at that time. Pensacola, when fatally shot in Oc- came here, due perhaps to warfare
But Middleburg had water transpor- tober, 1861 while on a mission to with early European invaders, and '
In spite of these hazards, there tation via Black Creek to the St. recapture Fort Pickens from Union diseases brought over by the white.
were a few brave pioneers, mostly
Johns River, and shipping interests forces. man.
farmers from Georgia and South there did tttion froma ,Y, -
Carolina looking for more and railroad. Consequent they turn- Two months later,on December 6, This area was then //occupied by
cheaper land. One of the earliest ar- ed down the offer and the route was 1861, the Florida Legislature the Seminoles, a renegade off shoot'
rivals was Wade Sparkman, who shifted about 15 miles west along a abolished New River County and of the Creek tribes. x

came to this area with his parents in path that would serve Highland, renamed it Bradford, as a perma- Although they had no legal title to
1827 when Indians far outnumberedwhite Lawtey, Starke, Waldo and nent memorial to this brave young the land, the Seminoles considered it
peo plea A Geiger family also Gainesville, stimulating their officer. their own. The U.S. Government
settled on land about two miles growth.By The Civil War was not the first desired the Indians to leave the land
southwest of Starke near where a 1857 the settlement that was to conflict to leave its mark on Brad- and live on reservations farther
man named Truluck had Creek placed and a become Starke had grown enough to ford County. During Florida ter- south in Florida, or in the West.: I"i 1 y't
dam across Alligator this of the Despite negotiations and so-called.
earn a post office. Several families ritorial days, when part
mill for
built a grinding corn. began moving here from Fernan- interior was still a favorite hunting "treaties" that were often not
One of the earliest to settle in the dina and Middleburg, attracted by ground for Seminole Indians, Fort honored, the Seminoles resisted
Immediate area of Starke was Drury the opportunity to invest and grow Harllee was established on the Santa leaving the area, resulting In,
Reddish, a young farmer from with the town. Among these was Fe River In 1836 at the south border guerilla warfare.

Notes written by a young lieute-
nant at Fort Harllee describe the
dangers to settlers in this area at
that time: r

I "About 20 persons have been killed -'

lately on this frontier. A Capt. Richard Bradford II
messenger arrived here today begg-
ing assistance to bury the dead, as riding preacher is said to have ment had spent.much money in an
the families have gathered togetherin "funeralized more people killed by effort to educate the Indians insteadof
'" If '."'- ss several houses for self defense. Indians than any other" man in fighting them, the country would
rs "The whole frontier Is being aban- Florida.As have been better off.Cost of the war
was estimated at between 30 and 40
doned, there being many families
now camping around the fort for pr0- terrible as the Indian million dollars.
tection. The arrival of expresses massacres were, all the fault was 'Although deaths attributed to the
crying tor help from Genera Eustis not on their side. Col. Josiah Vase, war were less than 1,500-and most
has become an hourly occurrence." sent here with troops by the War of them were from diseases rather
Department to assist with fighting
Fort Call, west of New River, was the Seminoles was convinced that than military actionthe
widespread destruction of propertywas
also beseiged and was desperate for all the trouble in Florida was not due described a. appalling. Houses
supplies. An army dispatch tells of to the "savages" alone. He reportedthat
were abandoned or burned. plantations -
"the suffering In-
providing "a spirit of Implacable resent- vines
deserted, and entwined
habitants' with beef, salt flour ment towards the Indians existed In covered ,everything, Including
and rice to relieve their
corn the vagabond class of citizens of this
graves of the dead. Yet immigration
hunger, territory."Some white settlers were to Florida continued mostly
Indian alarms terrified this'area accused of spreading- rumors that from_ Georgia and South Carolina.
and caused the old New River Baptist General Andrew Jackson, who the

BradforxTcounty's First Courtfiouse... lag the ovcuoa of 1875.Known a.IheOld Hemingway' Church established id 1833 to' Indians feared and dreaded was on ended The'Second In 1543 when Seminole the Indian War of
and 'foot his to attack,thus causing themto population
A rem WM rented In the tw_tocy fraMe bonding building. It U itlll standing the corner of Call and washing"postpone until meetings the attack was over. abandon way their territory and nee. .Columbia County which then Included -
hewn. at left to SM to house the county clerk and 'Walnut Streets, although hardly recofnU. D doe .. John Tucker who helped organize Another observer; critical of the the.!..*.of Suwannee.Bradford, ,
record after BUrke became the county seal follow- multiple remodelling over the year the church and served as a circuit- War Department,said U the Govern-, See BRADFoltD:: ,*page 2'' I II

.If '
1 :* 's ik i I
( I II
. :..JUS. ...k:', ,I




. The History of Starke. .. .

'Continued from Page; J)
time. Not onfy was the orange cro immediate area.
Reconstruction period nearing an plost, but most of the trees were split Also contributing to Starke's
sad, Florida began to experience a
open by the cold and diedmany growth and stable economy is the
of tourism and influx of
surge an were cut down and used for network of major highways that has
Northerners coming to the state for firewood. The winter of 1899
brought made the town a hub for tourist
their health, or seeking to make another disastrous freeze and con- travel and commercial transportation. -

their fortune by establishing orange vinced growers that citrus growingwas U.S. Highway 301 alone carries
groves.A report at the time said that no longer a possibility in this more than 30,000 vehicles daily, and fad'' r 5 p 1 1BIi
14,000 tourists came to Florida in Groves abandoned by and add AUCTION r"r
area. were State Roads 16 100 tCT SAL i
1870 (considered a large number at their owners and the industry moved thousands more. This has con-
that time) and between a quarterand farther south. tributed to a large number of ::
a third of them had "some ,
lung and service facilities
With the lack of citrus Income, restaurants
bronchial catarrhal! trouble' .
growers turned to larger plantingsof lining the highway for a stretch of
Many came thinking the climate
several miles the heart of
would their tuberculosis. strawberries in order to fill the through :
cure psvatf -
financial gap, and Starke and Starke. 40t tale r ? vr,1l f sYDsi
South Florida was yet to be Lawtey became the strawberry Starke's original commercial ( TO(1 w. m

developed as a tourist center, so shipping capitol of Florida long district, Call Street, is now on the
Starke and other small towns in this before Plant City entered the picturein National Register of Historic Places

North Central area benefitted from later years. Berries by the due to its 1902 Courthouse, now used
tourists and others who remained to carload rolled from Bradford Coun- for classes by Santa Fe Community

become permanent residents. ty to supply New York, College, and other 100-year-or-older
Starke had several hotels that Philadelphia, and other northern many of which were
catered to winter visitors, and a markets. restore during a recent downtown

bird's eye view of the town in 1884 The economic blow to the area was Revitalization and Beautification

showed the landscape dotted will disastrous. Even The Telegraph an- Program carried out with the aid ofa ...

large orange groves. nounced to its readers that the paper half-million-dollar grant. .. '. .+..

By 1884 the population of Starke had to be temporarily reduced in f ... ., -
size because of the loss of advertising ">;i /o. e ,,, ii -
had grown to six or seven hundred All of these elements and many .; ', :.r.pR. + -
and the modest houses of the early reveni'e. : Ca.nywaFAtwL.
more contribute to making Starke w'
a .
settlers began to be mixed with Soon after the turn of the century, town that is worthy of its historic :--P-- 1Mia--_, ,. ;.. ,- .
aw. -
past, and given promise of an even --

I Bitter Freezes of 1890's greater future. Real Estate Auction in 1926 Land Boom Days I

Killed the Orange Cropslarger -----_ -
I Ill

and more luxurious homes Starke; entered the age of electricitywith _

who built had by some made Northern money in oil newcomers and coal progressive leaders working ,; p LILn Lazy Afternoon v
successfully for bond issues to con-
investments in and Call Street
Pennsylvania _
struct for lights and
a plant
came here to retire or invest in
water around 1905, a new brick _
Several of these when
orange groves. In the days
school was built in 1913, and the first
houses were grouped on North shops were called
sewer lines and paved streets came
Cherry Street which, at that time, in 1916. The usual wartime hard Parlors rather than
was known as Pennsylvania Avenue. ships arrived with the outbreak of Salons, they played an
One of them is still standing and is the first World War in 1917 with the role In the social
being restored after it was almost rationing of gasoline and various of the male population. In-

destroyed by fire.Starke's foodstuffs, along with other inconve- of meeting "at the
economy was largely niences. ", as city slickers did, the

dependent on farmers in the sur- This also another town dude and the busy
period; brought met for their
rounding area whose income was
economic blow to agriculture with
ten-cent shave, com-
derived from the soil. In the earliest
the ravages of the boll weevil that
with steaming
days cotton was the main cash crop, ended the cotton in- :
\\IIt lotion.
derived -T smelly after shave
in addition to money from dustry, which had been the mainstayof
the native pine trees, including agriculture during the early were 25 cents in
lumber and naval stores, mainly days, with mustache and
turpentine. A map of Starke in the years. nr LEILA'S'A trims thrown in for
1880s showed several cotton gins, a Then came the Florida land boomin yY r r CAlw measure, and a copy of
sawmill and lumber mill, a sash, the mid-1920s, followed by a y Gazette" printed on
door and blind factory, a corn- stockmarket bust in 1928. These I AE t paper was available/ for
shelling mill, and a brick yard. economic extremes affected mainly E waiting their turn in the
south Florida, but were felt to some
When the railroad was first built barber chair.
degree in this area also. Real estate
through here, the railroad station
salesmen and developers were sell-
( ) large frame building, the
depot was a ing fast and loose, often traditional red,
the tracks between Call and properties and
facing blue barber pole
with only a small down payment, a
Madison Streets. The loading
method of financing that ultimately at lefta sure sign
"wharf" ran along the tracks in the backfired, contributing to the Wall a "tonsorial artist" was
same block and was kind of an open- Street crash that triggered the Great duty Inside. S.L. Alvarez,
air market, with concession stores Depression of the 1930s. U *. of the shop is seated at
and other small shops that would ap- C ? on the bench.
peal to tourists and travelers comingand But another boom was in the offing I .
going by train. This area was and came with a war economy that ., '' ,

the center of business activity in flourished after the Japanese attackon I".I:; ;.ni 1n'ii..>... !'IL In /I1IJjI'j1l/ .i/.iB
Starke and the first post office was Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941. .>Y: ;I. ni llo b. :'l-juu OT>W S oj A m,,'il
also located nearby. The railroad Recovery had already started in the ,
station agents were kept busy with mid-1930s due to emergency relief t EARLI BABBEB SHOP IN BL&4I BETWEEN DA l8V8 AND .. _.: aa

of strawberries, oranges, measures and work projects In-
another farm products.The augurated by President Franklin
Roosevelt during his first term in of-
large, two-story wooden Com- fice. Starke was transformed from
mercial Hotel was just across the bust to boom almost overnight when I I

good railroad business from the as headquarters depot and did for a Camp Guard camp Blanding on the, a eastern small National shore of I Bradford County's First 60 Years

salesmen who travelled by train in ,
Lake taken
Kingsley was over by I
that pre-auto age.Tourists also stopped the Federal government for use as
at the hotel overnight, or
''boarded" there during the winter one of the largest troop training (Continued from Page 1) office for two years. School Board seats can be held every ten years if a Thomas
centers in the country.The cupied by Hemingway, a
members were not mentioned, and
season. Strawberry buyers also sufficient number of qualified elec- merchant whose store stood at the
stayed there during the season and millions of dollars poured into Baker and Union, was slightly more may not have existed at that time. It tors petition the County Commission corner of Call and Walnut Streets in
sometimes slept on the hotel the local economy during construction I than 2,000. Greater settlement was also provided that the Governor asking for a referendum on the frame still to-
grounds in warm weather.It of the camp, and the payrolls of I soon to come, however, with should appoint in each county a tax issue. a building standing
Rent for the which
civilian employees and servicemen 'withdrawal of the defeated Indians assessor and collector of revenue for day. room, serv-
was another important step for caught Starke unprepared,and launched I to their reservations, and the two-year terms. Accordingly, a petition signed by ed as a temporary "courthouse"was
progress in Starke when The Florida a building program here, never I building of the Atlantic to Gulf 316 qualified electors was presentedto $4 per month. .
Telegraph, the town's first Under the 1865 constitution, the the board, and an election was
before Railroad the interior. Lake Butler
equalled or since. opening up supporters sought un-
established in 1879. Governor appointed a black county called for Jan.
newspaper, was 18, 1875. That was the to obtain
Now the town had a voice that couldbe By 1845 Florida's population had commissioner in Bradford Countyby opening gun in a prolonged "civil successfully a restraining
After the War the inac- against having a new cour-
used to boost Starke, especially camp was 1 reached 58,000, making it eligible for the name of Blye who is credited war" between Starke and Lake
thouse built in
tive for brief but Starke so they car
a period, was soon
statehood.The .
during the hard-fought campaigns to returned to National Guard use, I with making a profoundly sensible Butler for the next 25 years in which ried the matter of voiding the elec-

have the county courthouse located which has been expanded to full- Florida railroad was com- motion. During a meeting when the four elections were held and the tion to the 4th Judicial Circuit Courtin
here, instead of Lake Butler. time operation in recent years, in- I pleted to Cedar Key in March 1861 board was approving bills to be paid county seat moved from one side of Jacksonville.Judge Archibald ap-

Things were looking up for Starke, volving thousands of Guardsmen at but the growth that it encouraged from a treasury that was already New River to the other three times pointed Clerk B.E. Tucker as a

moving into the 1890s, but economic peak periods.The was thwarted by the outbreak of the broke Commissioner Blve rose before .1900. special examiner to take testimony
tragedy was lurking ahead. I Civil War two months previously.The in the case and the judge ruled that

local economy was further new county of Bradford came the 1875 election was null and void
There had been previous warningsin
boosted in the 1950s of Starke Saved from DepressionBy and therefore the of the
the past that Florida could be sub- by discovery i through the war relatively unscathed report can-
jected to devastating freezes. One heavy minerals on the Blanding with the exception of destruction vassing board was illegal, so the
was recorded in 1835, while the state reservation which are now being ,of the railroad by Union raiding par- Camp Blanding ConstructionIn county seat shifted back to Lake
was still a territory. Another struckin mined by the DuPont Co. under a ,ties, following the tracks down from Butler after a three year court bat-

1886, when it snowed in Tampa, lease agreement with the Florida 'Baldwin, tearing up rails and burning the Early 1940'sfrom tle.
and children were ice skating as far Military Department. With the deactivation : crossties so supplies could not be Three more elections were held at
south as Orlando. of Blanding, local 01,shipped to Confederate troops from intervals before the issue was finally
businessmen, with the help of an ac- ,the commissary in Starke, where settled
In 1898. By that time both
But these had long since been Chamber of Commerce his seat and said, "Mr. Chair- ,
tive kept I,they were stored. The commissaryitself The famous election of 1875 cap- sides were of fighting and
forgotten, and an early editor of The Starke from becoming a ghost-town j was also burned. man, I moves we don't spend"no ped off by the burning of the cour- agreed that whichever weary side won the
predicted that man determined effort to in more money until we gets some.
Telegraph every by a bring thouse was perhaps the most bizarre battle
a new courthouse would be
After the War President AndrewJohnson's
who had an orange grove would soon new Industries. Most of these were Another Constitutional Conventionwas ever held in this or any other county.It built in that town. The law
be rich. But in the winter of 1894-95, small, but their combined payrolls : and plan for dealing with called for 1885, and restored to was held, as scheduled, but when in that case, another election provided for the,
that had
Florida other states
it happened again. A blast of arctic have been large enough to prevent a J Commissioners met as a canvassing
the to elect county
the people right county seat could not be held
seceded from the Union was too le- again
Florida with '
rushed into in the
air of
high rate unemployment found
board 23 that
on January they
officials Delegates to this convention for 20 years. Starke won in 1898 by a
nient for hardliners in Congress
from to
temperatures ranging eight area. Florida's prison system, with had delivered
some precincts not
from Bradford County were: close vote of 1255 to 1015, and rejoic-
'wanted the "rebels" punished for
in Lake City and Starke. correctional institutions in
ten five
degrees their tally sheets to the courthouse in
Richard early
Charles an
John ing was great on the east side of New
The Starke had an estimated Union and Bradford Counties is
area ,
Starke merchant and civic leader; the manner prescribed by law. River. A new red brick courthousewas
10,000 bearing orange trees at that perhaps the largest employer in this order to meet governmental requirements W.T. Weeks of Providence, later Several of the ballot boxes were built in 1902, which is still stan-

for "Reconstruction", elected Bradford County Clerk of the missing.The ding today and Is being used by San-
President Johnson appointed a provisional Court; and E.L. Odom, also of Pro- commissioners adjourned In ta Fe Community College to offer
governor William Marvin, vidence. This constitution contains college in Starke.
frustration, deciding to meet again courses
S5S for Florida on July' 13, law that is the basis ofFlorida's
establishment 'the organic the following Monday. At that time,
*"" him authority to direct the But the final election did not end
5 Constitution today.
raised and points of
of a post-war state govern- they questions the controversy. Friction betweenthe
law for which no one had the
ment. two towns continued and was
The Courthouse Fights answers. They sought an opinion holding up progress for both sides.
Over the President's veto, Con- During the war years and the from the judge of the 4th Judicial Finally, with the consent of all, the
gress passed an act in 1887, at the Reconstruction Era, growth of the Circuit in Jacksonville and met four Legislature divided the County in

start of the Reconstruction Era, county had stagnated! with many of more times without receiving the in- 1921, and all the area west of New
placing Florida in a military district the men away from home and the formation they needed. When the River became a new county named
with other southern states and re- women struggling to keep tie family fifth meeting was called, after a Union.
c ytt quiring federal authorities to orderan together with little income. Even delay of several days, they found
election of delegates to frame a such necessities as salt were often that some of the precinct reports That ended the 4 -year controversy -
new constitution and state govern- not available. Some housewives obtained that were correctly filed had been between east and west over which
ment. salt by boiling sea water,and "abstracted" from the courthouse, town should be the county seat of

The delegates met in Tallahasseeon others resorted to boiling dirt from along with minutes of the previous Bradford County, and each was now
the floor of their smokehouses to ob- meeting. empowered to control its own
Jan. 20, 1868, and bitter an- destiny,
tagonism arose, splitting them into tain seasoning from the smoked Hard-pressed for a decision on the
faction One minority group meat that had dripped on the election, they decided to count the More recent developments In both

organized secretely in Monticello ground. votes of the only precinct that had counties, since the division in 1921,

returned to Tallahassee where it ob-. But by 1887, Reconstruction Days not been tampered withPrecinct are covered in other articles in this,

talnedpossession of the convention'' were drawing to a close, and Florida No. 7 "Crossroads" (now Hampton) 110th Anniversary. issue of The
hall. This caused great confusion was free of military rule. Starke which cast only 44 votes. All 46 were ,Telegraph.'
and military authorities Intervened began to grow as a result of the unanimously for Starke as the county
-y to reorganize and approve a conitltution -- railroad that had been rebuilt after seat The board declared Starke -
that was ratified by the pea-; being damaged, during the war'. the winner, _

pie in May 1868. Citizens on the east side of New This decision was challenged by PENNYROYAL PALLS:

This constitution took away the River were casting envious eyes on t Lake Butler partisans, and a recan-
,'National Register Presentation... I people's right to elect their county the courthouse in Lake Butler,which vass of the vote was ordered for Jan.
officials providing that: "The had been the seat of New River i 21 but the result was the
Secretary Mate Brace: Smathers (left) Is shown presenting a certificate 14 1878
from the US. Department of Interior, placing Call Street I Governor shall appoint In each county County and bad remained me county :same-48 votes for Starke. ,

Historic District a tae National Register of Historic, Places In t a county treasurer, county'; seat after Bradford; County was -- "
deeember IMS. Receiving tile certificate were Eugene L. Matthews I lurveyor, superintendent of com-! I created in 1861. ,_, County records were brought

(center), chairman. a4 Circuit Judge EWe Sander, vice chairman I mon schools, and five county com-1 Florida law provided that an elec- across the river to Starke, where a I '
ef the Bradford County Historical Board at that time. I missloners, each of whom shall hold tion to change,the location of county room was rented In the-fcutlding; oc


'. .. ." .. . ..' ,. ,, .,, .. .... . ... ..
.. ... .. << .q. ., -" .i ,n. ... .1' .. .r"
1'P .
1 J t1 ,


I From Courthouse to Community College I

How Santa Fe Came to Starke is Story of Community Cooperation..

President Alan Robertson lauding The landscaped Santa Fe parkinglot truly wants a higher education can After the ceremony, a large
"The Miracle on Call Street", as it receive it here in Starke.In bronze
is the new facility as "a unique com has become the "Downtown plaque was unveiled at the
sometimes caned, began un- munity accomplishment, unequaled Plaza" for the area, providing a set- Center with the Inscription: "This
folding in a dedication address Gene
early 1984 when Guy An- College Center Is dedicated to ,
anywhere in the U.S.A. He praised ting for events such as the community Guy
drews, a determined believer in the Matthews credited the outstanding Andrews in recognition of
Guy Andrews for his untiring efforts Christmas and the Inter-
benefits of higher education dreamed Party success of the Call Street venture toAndrews'
teen of
to the and years outstanding
see project through, com- Agency Council's Family Fun Fest
of converting Bradford County's mended Gene Matthews for his each spring, and the annual "dogged determination"and the Board of Trustees, in
historical 1902 courthouse into an expanded editorial support and promotionalwork. Downtown Renovation Jubilee. his ability to muster county- appreciation of his major
facility for Santa Fe Com- wide financial and physical supportfor contributions and
munity College in Starke. the protect. establishment of this Center

Santai Fe had offered a limited the commitment to
number of courses in Starke since tional opportunity for the
September 1966, using the School ple of Bradford County
Board meeting room in the old Elizabeth and Guy,

World War II USO Building, and Scholarship Program.
later at the high school, but was <-
rapidly outgrowing its cramped \ : ;. : Scholarships OfferedA
quarters. major reason
.., remarkable success of the
Andrews continued to think more !; ,. -..\ Starke has been its
seriously about his "dream" of using .. ,-,;. ..
\'i 'I; gram, one of the finest in
the old courthouse for college ..I'n'-! ,
for a community of this
and ''''
purposes finally suggested the '
idea to Gene Matthews, then president "f" l Only two BHS graduates
of the Bradford County 'h.w.: ,'. ",1, scholarships to SFCC in
Historical Board of Trustees, :-. ., number grew to eight in the
owners and custodians of the ; of 1978. During the
historic building. Matthews was ? the Starke Rotary Club
receptive to the proposal and establish the first major
presented it to the trustees who program for high school ,, "' ,
readily agreed to lease the building r1 to attend Santa Fe. -
to Santa Fe's Endowment Board for establishment, 16 local *

99 years at $1 per year for use as a Dream"
Starke Center for the college.
The .plan was first maae puouc at
a meeting of the Downtown Progress
to assist deserv
Committee on March 19, 1984, by
Harvey Sharron, Jr., Santa Fe's scholarships providing! ,
dean of development, who presentedit coxipx'ra'I'
as a joint project by the college, '
with the cooperation of the Starke Club started
community, to help activate the program in 1IB7! '
city's historic Call Street district. Strawberry
Andrews announced that he wouldbe i 1I WI a two-year scholar :
and second alter '
a major contributor to the pro-
ject, but would need wholehearted !J one-year scholar :
financial support from the com recent scholarship
munity and other donors in the area. by American Legion
His initial pledge of $200,000 even awarding $800 an
in the
tually grew nearer to $1.5 million .
before the job was finished, including
the purchase and paving of : these programs
adjoining property for a landscaped June ISUKI when n
parking lot to accommodate 76 car graduates of this

spaces.Wholehearted. Dr. Bernard will be offered a
support for the project These include
was immediately forthcomingwith SFCC Coordinator '(' Academic'
the Bradford County Develop- the lop 10 percent
ment Authority starting the ball roll : Rotarv. I 12: An
ing with the first major contributionof have completed their A,A, two l3et'k. one
$50,000. Others soon followed, in- with the help of Slarkc three Slrawt>crry
cluding $100,000 from the Florida In December 1HH.I.! : ( "Plus One" scholar!
Bank, and $50,000 from the Com- --' Elizabeth Andrews gave $ ) students.
munity Bank. Contributions from in-
a major perpetual early community
dividuals, businesses, and industries .:' v,,", ., ship program in ) responsible for
lOr .. ..,...
; !? .. ; .. '
totaled almost three-quarters of a : 'j;; '. '
.. fHr't I, "' ,' .;'If/I1t': .. .. the SFCC Endowment ( he old courthouse H7
million dollars before the drive was '. .!:'I! Ii, 'I'f .,.... '. Andrews has been a driving be surprised und
over. the college's commitment that il is still in

Climaxing the fund drive was a ".' ;'.... ford County as ,i and ready to fill a
monumental four-day Garage Sale -'- '>-----, "'I.....I J.r." :.nI....J.fi1;; ,, \\t" .. 0;, .jf ...... Board of Trustees from IM! : : iinitortant role
and Auction held on the east side of In 1'Jllti the Minority Rt'l'flllt\ of Hl'ildltu.tll'eluul\''
the courthouse in February, 1985, mittee was established in to come.
under the leadership of Anita Rink
and Inez Hazen. Santa Fe Community College -Andrews Center .

An outpouring of articles ranging :., I ,'" J : .::.... . ,
from festive A atmosphere to Z were auctioned, producing off more in a Courses ExpandAs Performing Arts ,I : /.i;i1fr.3?(1 ,'! .!- .17RorI. "i4.,, ,A"N "tli7)ti) '11'014- triti'd3' :'isr ) Jil7a ,';

than $20,000 for the building fund. the Starke Center expanded The popular SFCC Fall Fesl: ol
services to the public also grew the Performing Arts was brought to
Instant SuccessThe Many new offerings have been introduced Starke for the I first time in Ii7ll.! In
building renovation projectwas during the past three partnership with the Starke
accepted by Santa Fe trusteesas years, in addition to all classes needed woman's Club as co-sponsor, this
substantially complete on August for a two-year Associate of Arts series has continued to grow over
9, 1985. And Dr. Bernie McFadden, degree. These new areas include the years and has brought
who has served as coordinator of the Nursing Assistant, D IplacedHomemakers performing artists of unequalled
SFCC Center in Starke since the Emergency Medical calibre fora town of this si/.e. I II t completed -
beginning, moved his office from Training, Zoning Seminars and its 11th season last (.ill.

Bradford High School and officially Land Use Management Frequent The spacious hoard room at the CC
opened for business in the old cour- Institute of Government seminars Center has become the premieremeeting .
thouse on August IS, 1985. Classes in have provided information on Aids room for many civic groups
the new facility began on schedule for Correctional Officers and in the community and is ollercil by
Tuesday, Aug. 27, with a ribbon- upgrading secretarial skills of local Santa Fc for their use without The
cutting ceremony at the Call Street government employees.In charge, as a community service.

entrance. 1988, the professional "Dance The Starke center received a new
Enrollment for the Fall term far Alive" company became SKCC's name on January 21, lilllti.! when the Santa FeCommunity
exceeded the 400-seat registrationgoal resident dance company at Bradford SFCC Endowment Corporation
initially set by college officials, High School with special instructors. Board of Trustees rrdcdicalcd I he
with 629 seats filled in the 29 sections Under the leadership of Dr. April College branch in Starke as the Andrews College
offered. The favorable impact of the O'Connell, a variety ol drama Center, making it the first l
new Center was obvious when com- classes have provided theatrical op- major Santa Fe building named Andrews Center
pared with the previous year's open portunities to local citizens, throughthe alter a private donor. In doing MI, ,
ing registration of 206 seats filled in "Shoestring Players" group md 1, the board recognized Andrews' r
11 sections. the Children's Theatre Workshop.: "
Enrollment trends in the first four The local Center is also active in the leadership, and honored him us I the
years of operation have continued to Bradford Arts Council to promote one who conceived the idea, pbt.t'llltin
grow steadily. Fall 1986 figures theatrical activities in the area. motion, and became its duel J. '

showed 733 seats in 38 sections; Fall The Annual Starke Festival of the benefactor. : ...." .
1987 saw 801 seats filled in 42 sec- Arts, first held in October lllllB, has Almost 500 people filled the First 1 '
tions; and Fall 1988 topped out at 818 brought historic Call Street alive for Baptist Church on a rainy Saturdayto
seats in 44 sections. Although a majority around 10,000 art lovers in the area pay tribute to Andrews and his
of students came from Brad- and 75 quality artists from live successful effort to insure that every
.,t County, almost one-fourth are states. The third festival was the youngster in Bradford County whoiiitrir Wishes
from the Keystone Heights area. most successful yet with nearly tai' to Thank
..._._ ...--1.
The rapid growth has been efficiently arisis displaying WUIK.

leadership handled of Administrative under the capable Assis- Starke Had Racing & Athletic Assn. Back in 1898So The Bradford County Telegraph ,

tant Lila Yawn.
;you think such things as teresting and exciting lay ol SM>II.
The renovated courthouse was of- Athletic Associations, horse-racing, lie informed that horses from
the Starke baseball, and other sports are its role in
ficially dedicated as all parts of the State would In- for supportingthe
SFCC something new? Well, think again.
Center on March 15, 1986,with entered in the races, some of them
The Starke Racing & Athletic being noted animals. A goixl hand "
Tidbits. Association was organized in Starke will also be in attendance at the establishment ; :MM' : \< -
99 years ago in December 1HH!) when track and will discourse music during ,
HOOVERS MOVING HERE "several prominent businessmen of the races.

Mr. C.F. Hoover and family of Starke and Lawtey organized the The Association is working to of this college in .
Lake City will move to Starke in the Starke Racing & Athletic Al lllll'iation" secure cheap rates on two railroads ,
near future, and will occupy the complete with a halfmilerace coming into Starke, and it is safe to
Knight cottage near the electric track north of town. say that a large crowd of visitors the restored -
light plant. Mr. Hoover's sons, According to a news story in The our streets will be the result of their beautifully
Frank and Joe, will open a permanent Florida Advocate, an early labor. '
photograph gallery here.-1898. published here at the -
newspaper Col! V.J. of is Courthouse .1
Shipman awtey
time, the object of the association Bradford County ,
of the Association and he
MARRIAGE BUG HITS was "to give a number of interestingand
Starke is a town of 1,000 In- exciting horse races" on Mon- will do everything in his power to '
habitants. Six couples from this city day, Dec. 26 ((1898). The Advocate make the affair a grand success. and to congratulate
have married within the last two story said: The businessmen of Starke should you .
least six lend a hand and the Association "
weeks and there are at give '
more to be wed within the next two Mr. Edward liveryman Middleton, has ,charge our progressive of every. encouragement, for it is a 110 service :' : : ,.. '
another town in the well Known fact that nothing will br- on : years of | ; ,
weeks. Is there : .
this record- affairs and will leave nothing un- ing people to a town like good horse !' ',", :" ? t
state that can beat done to give the people an in- races. ''' ''' 'I'' "fiI"to
1898. this \. ""viM-' : .... ':W

community. ,,./ "' ',. :;;! .( .. (i'f !,v 'I
I in Real Estate 1926 Boom .. :. ,!,'' '' ; .
Almost Everybody Was During Jo. ...'" .: '" 'to',; '
,:N'} 'hr, "; ltl- .{ ', .";," '''''' '. yt. '

Everybody was getting into the were the trademark of realtors in Alvarez, M. Chandler Smith, Raymond ., .,..n. i ."h-, I .. J1; i t+f"r'.. k',,\/"\ .""')'t-P"iN
act during the Florida South Florida during the boom/bust H. Hollings, W.E. Davis, Dr. wv'i t '
real estate M.G. "J': !t s'+I1i i F';: : .. ,
Land Boom of 1928-not only in South years. W.B. Parks Dr. E.L. Biggs \1. ': cr.1, rR'.iS.. ,. \. ,:
Florida, but also In this neck of the Many businessmen dealt in real Langford, Irving Wershaw, Paul E. '" 10" 'j.t '" '
being made estate a sideline to their regular Canova, H.H. Young, E.W. Hayes, i .
were ; l.-
woods. Fortunes 1:;:< >r .
: .
I -
and lost) in real estate deals all business, and Mrs. Vonda Inman, Arthur J. Gould, Louis II. Hill, C.L. ; .I .RRY Ilu 'r -vM .
( A.N. 'l..I tri.Pdthmrylv" ; '.h sG31fr \. : .1' oo. : {
Co. J.
of ales Just wife of G.M. Inman, Peek & Son, Peek Realty "
with lot super-salesman .
Florida 1 .rl.' .
over made on paper, and the tot man appears to be the only woman on the Marcotte, D.I. Ames, C.H. Priest C.E., '.).J'. .,.dT I. o ,,*1Yt:,,.',:',-ttt.4:o"',. "'," .._,'i,,I.,, .1.1. 'V..i,: /<.'>> ,<, '.
J.F. Houser A.A. Durden, .;: .11\
holding the notes when the boom list, in contrast to the many women : ,' ....- (-
"busted" of later was realtors of today. Harper, C.A. Futch, C.F. Hoover, ,..... .. ... ._ YIl'f1/\-! /\ .
a couple years Co. and S.L. Peek. : ', "'I ",,, "",,- .... ... """ ',"NO' ,,.. < : ;,
left holding the bag.8radt.rdCoitniy. As listed In the Oct. IS, 1926, Hoover-Futch ', 'I' \ .n I
hid'nllcetuIreal Telegraph, the licensed real estate Licensed salesmen were: B.C. ..,.
brokers in the county were: G.M. Walll
estate brokers and Mlesmen at A.J. Thomas, G.M. Inman, F.C. Vonda Inman, RANewsom, ana
the peak of the boom In 1928. Some of Hollingsworth, Wm.T. Fincher, T.S. Williams.
them even wore knickers which E.M. Thomas, D.W. Alvarez S.L.

-- .. .. .. ... M" .. .. L .. ... ... ....-.-,.. "
.. ij Ii. '. .. ... JIf", III... ./. 'lL' J .. 'r"'"

:" ., I t ''i 'I. .'

Augiut'ID. mt

From Humble Beginning...


Bradford County Now Has $6,000,000 Ultra-Modern HospitalBy

Kim lIowland
munity were used to purchase and
Sleek modern beautiful. All have refurbish medical equipment and 12

been used to describe today's new $6 additional beds were added in the

million Bradford Hospital. next two years to meet the growing
Dedicated to local residents two demand for inpatient care. In 1949

years ago it represents the vision Dr. Hembry left to attend

and cooperative effort of many people ophthalmology school in Virginia,
over the past 40 years. and later opened practice in Miami.

This story tells how three different Other area doctors had admitting

local hospitals were developed, bas privileges at Starke's first hospital,
ed on memories of three people all but its operation was ultimately the ,'

still involved with Bradford responsibility of Dr. Adams. It soon + r
Hospital. became difficult to maintain his !

Before World War II, with lengthy practice and keep the hospital goingat a'
the same time. The upstairs 4
trips to out-of-town
necessary hospital was closed in 1950, and "the
hospitals, a week-long stay for illness
immediate" Dr. Adams
or injury in a distant hospital outcry was tY
recalls. People realized the need fora
could require an entire family'stime.
local hospital. They started talking
about health care in private groups
When the war began, Doctors and public meetings. Soon, federal
Herlong Middleton, and Parks had support through the Hill-Burton ) tf
family practices in Starke, and were enabling act was sought. )
still making the "house calls" of
In 1951 the Bradford
those days. They worked long hours County
could Hospital Authority was created by a
and did all they but
special act of the Florida
sometimes it wasn't enough for patients
who required surgery or Legislature. Under this act, $80,000
in state racetrack funds were com
special care.
mitted annually "to establish and

In the early 1940s, Camp Blanding operate... a public hospital in
arose from the pine and scrub oak Starke... called the Bradford County
lands east of Kingsley Lake six Hospital."

miles from Starke. Within a year, _ja> -f
The Bradford County Commissionwas .. .
the Army's Southeast Induction ...
.. ,
Center became the largest IRTC (Infantry authorized to allocate necessary
funds and appoint five trustees to the
Replacement Training
Center) in the country, with more Authority. At the same time, com

than 100,000 soldiers. munity drives leaders and soliciting were organizingfund politicaland New Bradford Hospital is Imposing Structure I

With the influx of workmen at community support.By .
Blanding, together with servicemenand
civilian personnel, and the over 1953, financing for hospital con
night growth of Starke from 1,500 to struction seemed secure but the $314,000 one-story structure which scanners cardiac life-support units In 1985 following a lengthy certificate Dr. Felos practices today in the
had six sections with 25 beds and
escalating conflict in Korea caused patient emergency response by in
Starke's three doc- location where he began
5,000 population, of need same
the drafting of Dr. Adams for duty and surgical, delivery and emergency helicopters. application process,
tors needed help.In the state approved a 54-bed Brad- 1954 and is a member of the Brad-
directing the dispensary at Fort rooms as well as radiology and Smaller rural hospitals lost ford Medical Society,
patients ford County
Hospital replacement facility.
1943 Dr. Adams laboratory The facili-
Herlong com- Gordon Ga. departments.
to these better equipped, more Florida Medical Association,
Construction was begun almost im-
his at the University accredited the Joint
pleted internship ty was fully by
sophisticated medical complexesthat Medical Association and
of Arkansas medical school and Dr. Pete G. Felos a native of Commission on Accreditation after mediately.In American
offered a wider variety of highly American College of Physicians. He
Jacksonville, earned his medical
decided to join his uncle, Dr. only a year of operation.The February after six
degree in 1941 from the University of specialized services. Bradford Coun- also serves on the courtesy staff of
Herlong, in practice at Starke. In Athens in Greece, where he enduredthe hospital enjoyed immediate ty Hospital was not immune to these of planning and preparation, Alachua General Hospital in
1946 troops Blanding were another dream fulfilled. Brad-
success during the next few changes. was Gainesville.Mrs. .
demobilized Bradford difficulties of four years of Nazi years
County'spopulation ford residents had the
received federal Hill- rare
and in 1962 a
occupation before being allowed to
shrank and the When this contract expired in 1981,
suddenly to attend another local
local returned normal return to the U.S. After the war, he Burton grant to help fund the con- Bradford Hospital invited other Felos is a charter member of
economy conditions.By to returned for his internship and struction of a $300,000 nursing wing organizations to submit million opening, this one a $6 the Bradford Hospital Auxiliary
pre-war residence in New York and Tampa doubling the number of patient beds. service bids. management 54-bed modern medical and has served as secretary-

that year. Dr. Herlong was eventually settling in Starke to be In 1972, hospital emergency ser- complex on Colley Road. treasurer of Bradford Hospital's
retiring and Doctors Middleton and nearer his boyhood home. He renew vices were vastly improved with the SantaFe HealthCare of Today's Bradford Hospital is an board of directors since 1981. She is

Parks were also nearing retirementage. ed a childhood friendship with a support of federal grants. Bradford Gainesville proposed what seemedat affiliate of SantaFe HealthCare, the president of the Bradford County
Jacksonville neighbor- now his Hospital was one of eight North the time to be radical ideas for the leading healthcare management Medical Auxiliary serves as state

In 1947 Doctors Adams and Hem- wife, Anna- and they have worked Florida counties that benefited from future of Bradford Hospital. San- corporation in Florida. Five other treasurer of Florida Medical

bry, the medical director of Florida together at his W. Call Street office extensive improvements in ambulance taFe recommended not only a affiliate hospitals join Bradford Association Auxiliary, and delegateto
of Bradford
since 1954. reorganization Hospital, Hospital in providing comprehensive the American Medical Associa-
State Prison, purchased the vacated rescue and hospital
but also that a replacement facility inpatient and outpatient care to tion Auxiliary. She Is also organizing
Camp Blanding telephone exchangeon When Dr. Adams returned from care services. But less
emergency be built to respond to the changing people in North Florida. president of the Bradford County
Call Street (present address of military service in 1955, construc- promising changes were on the health care demands of the 1980s and Public Health Nursing Advisory
Dr. George Restea's practice). tion of the Bradford County Hospitalwas horizon. 1990s.SantaFe's. Now directing the dispensary at Council.C. .
Hembry and Adams opened offices well underway, made possible DuPont's nearby mining operation,
downstairs. Upstairs there bond Because of a new technology, the arguments were compelling Dr. Adams "Over the
were bv the issuance of a special says years Elwin (Rip) O'Steen now in his
eight beds monitored by nurses and issue. Money, equipment and fur health care industry experienced and convincing. In 1981, I've been most impressed with the seventh year as Chief Operations Of-

available to keep patients overnight. nishings were ,provided. by com dramatic shifts in treatment prac- Bradford Hospital was reorganizedas diagnostic tools used today. An- Administrator of Bradford
Small as it" was, Bradford County munity donors: tices and control. Intensive care a not-for-profit corporation under tibiotics changed medicine in my Hospital expresses gratification for

had its first hospital. medical centers evolved in larger the management. of SantaFe early years,. and it'.., M-tech .. AhiMWM, J tj tp1ngJopro better> ,.. "
Donations;; In March J956 open house urban hospitals that could afford ex- HealthCare and direction of current 'xray'machines tests" ailaSi1 -'z'teStarfiftiF&wct! '"ct'-'t'he"' Coat"'
provided by the com
ceremonies were held in the new pensive hi-tech equipment like CAT administrator Rip O'Steen. in even small hospitals like ours." munity.

Health Department Has Served Starke Area Since 1941 ;

State Grants will Provide Funds for Bradford\Union Expansion

.. ro,
Telegraph in December 1943

1989 is the 100th anniversary of the sisting now of Bradford, Union and I of y described 440 persons x-rayed by a this most virus of these in the United will States and the
people develop
establishment of the Florida State Levy Counties. mobile unit in Starke in a 3-day
Board of Health by Governor Fran- The last century has seen period. Another article in January of full blown disease In the next eight

cis P. Fleming in order to controltwo' devastating epidemics and natural 1947 states that 883 people were years. A vaccine to prevent AIDS, or
raging epidemics: of that era- disasters hit Florida and the x-rayed in Starke on Jan. 3-9, 1947. a safe, effective drug to treat it may
be a decade or more in the future.
yellow fever and cholera. A special Bradford-Union County areas. Epidemics of venereal disease
Deaths from AIDS have occurred in
session of the State Legislature was Health care workers and public plagued Bradford County in the
called in 1889 for this purpose, and a health agencies responded to the extent 1940's and became a subject of con- most rural North Florida counties.
This be
will the
law was signed creating the State of available resources, troversy. The Telegraph published epidemic great
Board of Health, empowering it to knowledge and organization at the articles on the high rate venereal challenge to public health in this and
and time. disease in the county, especially the next century. We must educatethe
"inspect quarantine, impose I
public. If one avoids high
sanitary rules necessary to protectthe The yellow fever epidemic of 1888 among young servicemen at Camp
Floridians in state of 5 Irate citizens the behavior such as use of dirty drug
health of the people of the state. put a panic. Blanding. wrote
1989 is also the 48th anniversary of Tampa and Jacksonville were Telegraph/ stating "you shouldn't needles male homosexuality and

a health facility in Bradford County centers of the epidemic. In Jackson- print such things' ...this was a "ter sexual promiscuity you simply will
which was authorized in April 1941 ville "large forces were at work rible reflection on a town known to not get the disease. For now, preven-

as the local branch of a joint Clay- cleaning up the town and spreadinglime De "one of the cleanest little placesin tion is the only cure.
Bradford County Health Unit. The and carbolic acid over the Florida", In an editorial dated Ju- New shifts in emphasis and con-
walks and other 17 1942 editor Gene Matthews cern have surfaced. In the last few
clinic was made necessary to fill a places..severalbuildings t ly ,
burned and all the the months we have seen great interestin
need for additional health facilities were responded, warning communitythat
following the establishment of a bedding and clothing were 2 + t they must face the factswe chemicals on fruits and high mercury

large military training facility destroyed. The people of ....4 4 c.... .__. .. .-___ ;-0 should not""let this evil flourish in Florida.levels We must in fresh protect water our fish water in
of abandon- the dark. Matthews the
Camp Blanding, seven miles east Gainesville responded by quoted
of Bradford lack health officer Dr. M.J. supply our air and our food supply.Dr. .
Starke in the southwestern edge ing the city. County's county ,
Clay County. of yellow fever was attributed to a Unsanitary Unit Improved WPA Model Ford: "A community that allows Charles Mahan,the State Health
After occupying temporary strict quarantine. Guards with such conditions to exist is sabotaging Officer, reminds us in a recent arti-

quarters in a room of the old Brad-- shotguns were placed at all roads the war effort just as effectivelyas cle that if we do not act to protect the

ford County Courthouse for 17 months entering the county and would-be the paid agents of Nazi environment we may awake one day
"in the filth we've created and have
clinic moved in
the September visitors were quickly sent away. Germany.
1942 into a new building on Church Starke and Lake Butler were not No Longer Health HazardIn Today yellow fever malaria and our babies die at an early'age .
a because
Street, still its headquarters today. so lucky when the Great Influenza cholera are diseases almost we didn't tend" to Florida's.fragile

The building was made possible by a Epidemic of 1918 struck. The Brad- unknown to the public. Influenza is environment.
Federal grant of $30,000 and was ford County Telegraph reported on still with us, but not the very The last couple of years have

named the Lex Green Health Center Oct. 11, 1918, that the "disease is 1898 Dr. E.L. Stewart local Health Officer warned the people of dangerous strain that caused the brought significant changes to
health of
after Starke's long-time Con- sweeping Starke.There are very few Starke and Bradford County that they must get rid of unsanitary great epidemic of 1918. We now have the public Health Care in our Access area.Act Passage

gressman who donated property for homes that have not one or more "outhouses" that were causing a high rate of hookworm among immunization to control it. Venereal funding for provided
the clinic site. cases." In the next issue on Oct. 18, children, as well as other diseases. Dr. Stewart also offered a 125 disease remains a serious problemin a comprehensive
The first director of the "Health. all members of the Telegraph staff reward for the arrest and conviction of anyone circulating false Bradford and Union Counties with primary care program for the people -
of Bradford and Union Counties
Center" when It started in 1941 was but one were ill with the flu so onlyan reports of a contagious disease such as smallpox in Bradford County. periodic epidemics of syphilis, who unable
are to receive such care
Dr. Malcolm J. Ford a young assistant advertising sheet was issued with gonorrhea and chanchroid.
surgeon in the Regular Corps of local The population was Tuberculosis remains an Impor- from the private sector.State grants
no news.
Happily both of these diseases, and several others are
provided funding for a major new
the U.S. Public Health Service, who too ill to make any news anyway. On unknown today due to the efficient work of local health department of- tant public health problem with a addition to the Health and
was loaned to the Florida State Oct. 25 the Telegraph was back to ficials and hospitals.Due handful of new cases each year in
Board of Health to serve In the Camp normal but with some grim news. Bradford and Union Counties. New Rehabilitative Services (HRS)
Blanding area. Before coming to the Hundreds of cases of influenzawere drugs for tuberculosis allow treat- Bradford County Public Health Unit
department he was venereal disease reported in the county with a to pollution of the ground badly constructed "privies", as they ment on an out-patient basis in the and construction will begin this sum-
control officer in two West Florida large number of deaths. The disease were sometimes called, allowed hookworms to penetrate the skin and vast majority of cases and the prognosis mer. The addition will be approx-
counties. The high incidence of was particulary severe in Brooker enter the intestinal tract of children and some adults. A concerted is usually very good. Screen- imately 1,450 square feet and consistof
venereal disease among young ser- and Lake Butler with 30-40 deaths in drive In the 1930's to get rid of outdoor toilet, aided by a WPA (Works ing is now mostly by skin test and a clinic area with four new examining ,

vicemen at Camp Blanding was these two localities. The Telegraph Progress Administration) project to assist low income people to erect mass x-ray screening for the popula-, rooms.
becoming a problem of great con- paid special tribute to Drs.J.C.Wills sanitary units such as the one pictured above at right made the old tion is no longer cost effective. Union County received a state ap-
cern because of overcrowded conditions and E.T. Campbell who "were ableto "Chick Sales" a thing of the past.The Bradford County Health Department Sanitary disposal of human waste propriation for the construction of a

in the Starke area and the con- keep at their posts and were on the reports that hardly more than one case of hookworm Is reported has virtually eliminated hookworm new 4,500 square foot health unit to
In the district of Bradford. Union and Levy, served be constructed this on SR-1TW In
sequent threat of contagious almost without rest for fully ten annually trl-county which devastated individuals herein year
diseases. Later. Union County was go days." Businesses and local schools by Dr. Jeffrey Rubin. the first half of this century. Im- Lake Butler.The respective staffs of

added to Bradford and Clay to makea closed and an estimated 20-30 per- munizations against polio, measles the HRS Bradford and Union County

three-county facility. cent of Starke residents had the mumps,' tetanus, diptheria and Health Units express appreciation to
When the clinic moved into its new virus with four reported deaths. whooping cough have greatly reduced Boards of County Commissioner for
building in 1942 it had a bare-bones the incidence of these terrible their tireless efforts In helping to obtain -
staff of six. In addition to Dr. Ford, Tuberculosis also devastated childhood diseases. this funding and in acquisition
the staff consisted of Carolyn In- Floridians in the last 100 years. At Medicine and public health have of land for building and parking.

man clinic nurse (later assigned to the turn of the century the situation made great strides in treatment and The last 100 years have seen great

be supervisor of nurses at Camp was considered hopeless. In 1903.Florida'a prevention of disease. However,lust crises challenges and Incredible

Blanding); Margaret Hoxsey, field first health officer. Dr. as Infectious disease and public change in public health In our area.
nurse Edward Johnson special investigator J.Y. Porter estimated 742 deaths 'ot smell; they included sleeping on '"public health' officers were inclined] health experts were beginning to Our overview has touched on Just a
for venereal diseases;, from tuberculosis in that year. manure piles, eating dog fat. a to attribute the disease to 'dam- feel they had a handle on the controlof few of these..Unmentioned are the
James Hobbs sanitary i inspector; (Death rate of approximately 145 regular diet of garlic and sleeping' yankees' who brought it from the these scourges of mankind, a new many public. health nurses and

and Betty Green, secretary.Dr. per 100,000 as compared to 9.8 per in a room with one or more savory north", In the 1920's and So'ssanatoria and devastating disease made its ap- aides environmental health personnel

A.Y. Covtngton became director 100,000h 1953). goats". were established providing pearance in the U.S. In the summerof clerical and other health unit

of the tri-county unit in 1946, serving About WOO, Dr. Placeman, an expert diet, rest and isolation to 1981. AIDS has now been diagnosed staff that have worked so hard to
until his retirement in 1973. Dr. in tuberculosis treatment said Tuberculosis was known as the break the chain of person to person In over 80,000 Americans and over unselfishly literally saving un-
Jeffrey Rubin was appointed director that some remedies at that time "white plague" and Dr. Manni. In a contact. The 1940's saw the first half of these people have already counted lives In providing health
in 1975 and still serves In that "were generally based on the monograph on the history of tuber- mobile x-ray units to mass-screen died. Experts estimate that 1.5 care and immunizations to the people .

capacity In a three-county: area con- premise that the bacilli had a sense culosis In Florida, states that the population. An article In the million people may be Infected with, of our area.

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I Electricity: No Longer a Troublesome Issueby

Brando BowkCT -..,...,....,- '""1"---'.--'.w "_" .0 .... ',o..u"" A. _" -' .. ,' ,, .. .. ,
StoH Writ., ;;,...; ;' ir-----.;; .u. '' h "'!II: In February ol 19UO,the Telegraph! generators from petroleum fuel to
d reported Starke raised its utility wood fuel.Prelent.
Starke's first public street light rates after bond trustees met "to Utility Director and City
system in 1889 consisted of a few i discuss possibilities for generatingmore Operations Manager Bill Weldon brings
kerosene-burning lamps mounted on Income for the financially up to date the fate of the
poles at main Intersections.The I. strapped city." generator which produced fuel to
Telegraph editor at that time I, .. City Clerk Merrill Edwards had use in the other generators."It .
commended "our generous city suggested the rate hike several didn't generate enough volumeto
council" for its action in installing !.I +$, '.. I IXI' Ii times stating the city cannot con- work," Weldon said.
the lamps which were attended to by 'r ".I i tinue to sell power for less than it Is City officials were looking into the
"old man Sydboten" who rode his tt, buying it lor. possiblity of being connected to the
horse around at dusk trimming ,. I In March of 1980 the city commissioners state grid In 1979. A tie-in with the
wicks and lighting burners. 'tl. I unanimously agreed to pur state grid would allow the city to buy
On May 3, 1897 the Starke City l sue a federal grant to obtain wood and sell power on the open market.
Council approved obtaining a loan /'Jf .:,., .:'1 generators. The federal grant was By May of 1984 city utility rates
from W.O. Tison from Gainesville .,: '',''''; Ii'' part of $2.2 billion which Congress were up to $15 per 1,000 kilowatt
for $1,000 for the purpose of providing I had appropriated for the development hours over the base rate.
a system of electric lights for fit. of alternative sources of Four months later, Starke was
the town of Starke. f.- .
; ", energy.A connected to the State grid. Installa-
Starke allowed a small electric plan was presented by Robert tion for
.{IIh'H; .', Ii costs were paid within a year
plant to be installed at the urging ofDr. .";y,, .,, '" : Gurin, a consultant for the Depart and the city saved$40,000 per monthin
J. L. Gaskins a prominent drug- \ it. ment of Energy, to obtain grant production costs Weldon said.
gist and politician. Gaskins had :; ., money to be used to install a wood- The total sales of utilities for
observed D. F. McDonald a one- .0.1.. .. H 'i,'' burning generator which would produce Starke fiscal year 1985-86 were about
time newspaper man, operating the "' fuel to use in existing 3"a million.
small experimental plant in Lake ,:Jt .;> II" : generators.A Starke's present power comes
Butler. ( "r task force was set to meet the from coal
up one city generator, a
The experimental plant was set up ", "",,'"; ,.{ _," "",,, ". '_.,', ;y.-'f._.',.,'Ii"' ,,'r'..'',/\1""..... .'.,......",.,.,,, application deadline. Florida Com power plant, a nuclear power unit In
on a lot near the old ice plantJ east of 0"r. '11. '' ': !: : 'k" missioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner St. Lucie and the open market if
the present library former Congressman Don Fu- necessary.
Street. The experiment was soon qua and two Univerisity of Florida "We usually buy rather than sell,"
discontinued because Mayor A. L. department heads worked closely Weldon said."We're .
VonKin and nearby residents were with Starke in preparing the application very diversified," Weldon
afraid and disturbed by the pulsations for the $3 million grant. said. "We're diversified enough that
of the plant. After initially being turned down we're not hurt when the crunch
New equipment was purchased in A Ride Along Call Street... the application was resubmitted comes in."
1899 but delays in getting it set up under a different Department of
caused The Telegraph editor to These three unidentified men paused for a picture as The hanging sign on the building advertised 11.D. Energy program and Starke received Weldon said Starke has a 20-year
write in September: "Starke is the they traveled along Call Street by ox cart. At right is Miner early Slarke jeweler and watchmaker who a $327,100 grant. plan which is based on the historyand
largest place on the F. C. & P. one of the old original gas lights that once illuminated later moved his store to the block where Mitchell'sCall The money was used to convertone the population of Starke to keep
Street. Drug Store Is now located. of the seven enough on hand for the
(Florida Central & Pacific, as the municipal power future.
railroad was called at that time) and
yet we have no lights. Did the city According to The Telegraph Jones The five used generators purchased -
purchase the electric light plant to and three councilmen were defeated in 1954 allowed the city to convert
look at or to furnish lights?' after their campaign for re-election. from diesel fuel to natural gas. The
The plant was ready for operationin One year later they: were renamed to Telegraph reported in its Centennial k
October with W. L. (Will) Wall as fill the seats of resigning councilmen Issue "The city endeavored to use a.
superintendent. after it became apparent that natural gas whenever possible r ,
Frequent breakdowns continued, 110-volt current was more because the expense of fuel droppedby c
prompting residents to demand a economical. about three-fourths."
bigger and better electric powerplant. "The White Way" was the descrip- By 1973 the nation's fuel crisis,
The council called an election tion of Call Street upon the completion which caused fuel oil prices to rise '
around 1902 to vote on a bond issue of the municipal light plant in cut into the city's major revenue
for a water system and power plant. 1924 "turning it into a literal blazeof source the sale of electricity.
glory." Customers complained because the _
The power plant and water tank; The Telegraph reported in its 75th city had to raise rates to keep non-

were constructed on property purchased Anniversary Issue in 1954 that revenue producing departmentsafloat. ., ...... .;
from Capt. J.C. Richard, Starke's City Council held a special !\.,. ._' ::--
who had opposed the kerosene-- meeting to face utility problems. Later the city joined with several ,..... t.,. ..'"
burning street lights because of the! The problems were lack of money other cities in the state in a suit .,. _" ..., ,. 1"1''.,''J".q .:
threat of higher taxes. The present and time to make bids on one or twos against the natural gas distributor ;.. "'" ,.:4.\1'\ t;; ..... b
; .
power plant is still located on I of five generators being auctionedoff Florida' Gas Transmissions ('0. .... .k.. .. ..'- ' .. ',' tj
land. in New Bern N.C. After three in a federal i", "4 i'f. ;:;'' / '
years .
;< -. ... -,.; '
After months of negotiation Starke court the cities gained a judgement '<\' .'. ..,... ,)-f. "" "" :'..-...
Electricity was provided only dur bought the "whole ball of wax" five against the natural gas companyand .,." ,;,,t\"'. '-' "-'..' ..--:-"3_ '..."... "-1.....;,' 0
ing the evening hours until around generators) at a total estimated expenditure received an $80,000 settlement.The k'..:.. "# "':1"-\ _", "" '
the 1920's when DeWitt C.Jones city of $474,000 which was Tefpjiraph'ii Centennial Issue c. 'i .W ": ,. ; :, .,.... i i1.r'c'"
councilman and local businessmanat financed by sales of revenue cer article on electricity staled that the .i".. (1-"t.. .. ..
that time,helped get a bond issue tificates.By future energy supply was still being ..'i4 I,.t..,, ,:". S'1..J'. /, .. ...-,.il. :
allowing Starke to have electric debated.In "....- .ff. .,..7.;...r.1r "'t.--.- ;;: .. '.
power on a 24-hour basis. Jones also 1968 three more generators the lust 10 years Starke's city i> ,, g.} II: t;:' oIt'.. ...... : .: ,
advocated switching to a more were purchased increasing the total council has investigated a number of 1 .r '. ) r\f it': : .::tI :\.Y
economical 110-volt alternating cur power supply from 3,469. kilowatts. to energy saving and energy producing J'Lr; .. ... ,. ,. "'"r. _..100_ ; '" r.',.,.". ..'r'lo..r.... <1f
rent. 7.650 kilowatts: methods! ':u' ,,010'' -n.ix c. t.1f ,;to .1 .w '''Jt-; ?.ti}t, .r' {. .f aJY :

.. e, f'lI:1.. ,!1"; !q'r.ti. *waa.w. ... "'! ; .!. .. .:.; .
H" ,;:;;v;,;: 1I1! r l ,.mt. J:" 'a".J ,;":t7r.Y J"rI.; ". 4" .. ".v:A1. ,"' : "J""'i ). I.j a. ..a.lORlag. .


Progress on Call Street Sign on upper Nlory nl far left was: Bradford
Hated about 11111. Mils pluilii hhoHH find wwcr line heiii lodge, "'&,\1\1. Cost of la.tinK sewer In (hour days wan
Hard work. the simple )( laid long fall SI., which wax not \i.\\nl until around about 23 to 65 rents per fool depending on depth.
IJMH. The xi'ene Is looking wont from the railroad rro.H- Today' newer line would run iibmil IH-up per fool.

secret to success.

CongratulationsTo FIRST UNITED

Our Hometown NewspaperFrom METHODIST CHURCH

Your Hometown Banker

,. 200 North Walnut Street Starke

"Serving Starke for 126 Years"I

,: l

Trr. ''t. ; I\

""r. '


.1"- "'-4'.

_,', .", ----44 .

"Early to bed, early to rise, makes a In a business as competitive as ;; B B B ? _

man healthy, wealthy and wise." Ben banking, the secret to success Is simple.

Franklin gave that advice 200 years Hard work. _

ago. It's still true today.At The people of our community work a

your local community bank, we hard earning incomes to support their

too have found the secret to success. families. We work just as hard for the,

from the people we privilege of serving them.
We learned it
You Are Welcome to ParticipateCome
serve. We learned it by working with

them every day.

.f ,,!J!,. Join Us at One or All of Our Services

) Sunday School (for all ages) 9:45: a.m. Family Program, Bible Study ,

Sunday Morning Worship 11 a.m. Supper 6 p.m. Wed.

.', (Beginning this Fall 8:45,a.m. 11 a.m.) United Methodist Women
r: Youth (UMYF) 5 p.m. '(Meet Montly),
Senior Citizens Meet Monthly
:, ;
With Your Hometown FriendsHHB9HHE9BH9fi9
\ An.. ecumenical church ministering to the

CONVENIENT BANKING-HOURS 'j;,' needs of ,the community, the 'members of

the First United Methodist Church
Hk Main Bank' .Driv>nlflWIflflpiztBuprssnrkot

( hobby Doakboplna U;...,. Mon., Tu.... Wad. ., ..m.-8,30 p.lII. congratulate the Telegraph for 110, years
( .... 3:300.11I. ThufII4oIy" Friday" ..m.-S p.m. ,
.... lion..TIle. Th. .m.
.... to 4 p.
.'Mon,'ruM. C......... flaLurdaySat.ur4oly
.12 Noon
.. 1ea p.m. Wed 9 .m. and thank for the area
"; n. Nil .m. you 9 p.... ,FrIday IJ ..... UI S PO"" ,.
Clowd on Saturday
.. "

- -.
.... '
u -
''I 1I,

AUGUST]0, 1955

I Chicagoans' Dreams Built the Town of Lawte I Ib

Sue ElUn Smith wealthier Depression Years... stately homes left behind by the shipped from the Lawtey platform in ing jobs of Camp provider Blanding oy me during construction World-
Chicagoans built stately Chicagoans burned down during this one day began to suffer from increasing
In the 1930s,The Great Depression
ICT Staff WrltorThe homes during this time a few of time. Inhnr costs and romDetition War 11.The .
small town of Lawtey owes its which still stand. brought Lawt existence to the dreams of 30 to a standstill. Many Lawtey In the late 1930s, the strawberry from California and Mexico. In the provement in Lawtey. The construction -
Chicagoans who, in 1877,came southto Just before the 20th century the businesses closed, leaving buildings industry, which at its height saw 13 early 1940s, many growers abandoned of an E.I. Dupont de NemoursCo.
find a better life under the warm miracle of the telephone came to vacant and decaying. Some of the or 14 railroad carloads of berries their fields to accept higherpay t ilmenite mine during the

Lawtey. The town began ,........ ,...__ .... boosted its
Florida sun. enjoying t ::; r"'r ':;;;o;;;; L ""' TI" "" '" rM7 "' mid-1950s lagging
Their dreams of flourishing frequent social affairs, as well as a economy somewhat. The plant,
orange groves and vegetable winter tourist season. Residents xA, nearly identical to DuPont's Trail
gardens brought them to an area started making plans for the con Ridge plant east of Starke currently
seven miles north of Starke where struction of a library, an opera provides employment for nearly 90
Capt. Thomas J. Burrin had house and a road joining Lawtey to people.In \'
established a large sawmill on 18,000 Kingsley Lake.Strawberries. ': Z! the mid to late 19508, Lawtey
acres of virgin timberland.Dr. benefitted from a street paving program
Harris (first name unknown), Survive... :i -1 1 S and improvements on US-301.
a former journalist from Toledo, These plans were never realized. .7 The long-awaited road from Lawteyto
Ohio, and member of the so-called The Big Freeze of 1895 killed the Kingsley Lake was finally com
"Chicago Colony," convinced Capt. majority of the orange trees in pleted along with the construction ofa
Burrin to donate 220 acres of land for Lawtey and, along with them, the road to the DuPont plant.
a town and to sell additional acres to hopes of many Lawtey residents. The continuing growth of Florida's j''
the colony at$5 an acre. The 60-acre Most of the Chicagoans who had settled tourist industry in the 1950s and
site for the town was laid out in one- Lawtey found their investment 1960s meant thousands of tourists
acre plots, and members of the wiped out and were forced to aban- would pass through Lawtey's city
group drew lots for locations. don their holdings and their dreams. limits each year. This fact encouraged
Proceeds from the sale of the lots Those Chicagoans who did not lose the construction of two motels
were to go toward the establishmentof everything in the freeze quickly lost J and one restaurant which still pro- I
churches and schools. Acreage interest in the area when it became .r sper today. '
outside of town was divided into obvious that Lawtey's climate couldno In 1966, Lawtey's two-story brick
40-acre and 80-acre farm tracts. longer support orange eroves. school building, which had servedthe
Colony members agreed to name 4 city for more than 50 years, was
the new town Lawtey after William The next few years saw a different "AMef replaced with a more modern
Lawtey, son-in-law of colony crop and a different group of people ., building. The new building housed

member Col.! V.J. Shipman. Mr. rise to dominance in Lawtey. The .__.__._ grades kindergarten through
Lawtey is believed to have been a strawberry crop had proved its har- H --- --- seventh well into the 1970's.
friend and business associate of diness by surviving the Big Freeze, The Lawtey Hotel... The 1960s also saw the beginningof
and destroyed by fire decades Many other fine structures
Capt. Burrin. many early rural settlers who ago. Lawtey's reputation as a "speed
The diary of Erastus G. Hill,one of had come to the area from nearby The Lawtey Hotel, formerly the Burrin House built built by Chicago Colony members burned to the trap." Even today, area residents
Lawtey's earliest settlers, southern states began cultivating it. by Capt. Thomas J. Burrin during the IHDOs. was ground during the early 1900
documents Lawtey's appearance in Familiar names like Griffis Red LAWTEY see page 7 I
1877: dish Prevatt, Rosier Bennett.
"The town looks very primitive, Starling and Carter gained pro ,
with only 20 acres cleared aroundthe minence in the production of 4 1
station," Hill wrote. "The rest is strawberries. Lawtey and the sur-
all pine forest. I spaded up several rounding area soon became knownas
places and found very good soil witha the headquarters for the
clay subsoil two to three feet down.It strawberry industry. :
seems to me that stuff ought to
grow on such land." Lawtey continued to prosper
By 1885, about 250 people lived in despite the economic setback caused .-_. -,)'
-" .. ,
Lawtey, which now boasted a by the Big Freeze and in 1905 its : .,-" ;.. ., '
schoolhouse with 30 students, leaders decided it was time for
several stores, a cotton gin operatedby Lawtey to incorporate. On January I. r t
Ward Knickerbocker, and more 17 of the same year 27 of the 35
than 10 miles of drainage ditches. qualified voters who attended the incorporation m M.
Orange growers had planted 82 meeting voted in favorof
acres of orange trees, which they incorporation. In later years, -I r tr
hoped would provide Lawtey with its however, the town charter was
main economic crop. Several allowed to lapse a few times, and the
growers also planted a variety of town had to be reincorporated in ...
fruits including apples, peaches, 1911, 1917 and 1931. ." ,.- '" -,' -...,.- bananas and "" "'Mir : ip J:

pears strawberries., grapes, Despite these problems in the ear \ -.. ._;. ...... ...-_ .- .,......l-....,,........_.1.-!;..,- ....... "Y): ;'". .... ......r-:;
Lawtey, at this time, was inhabited ': .:.. .: ...":... _
ly 1900s, Lawtey still managed to .- .. .," .a; ,;I.. .. ... .. ..
mainly by wealthy northerners In ..) .. ... --- ,,, : >_ .
gain some improvements. 1906, .. 0.,... ,..'r"--,.,.. .. ., .. .... -- :::';' ..
who avoided mingling with many of Lawtey's women began .._. -. '.. : j1r1'- .-.,- ; .. ; ""''.. :: -' ...,.. ;.,
the town's "crackers." Most of the beautification and civic improve- 11"7": .;... .. 1E =; "
Chicagoans saw the later settlers of ment efforts that gained statewide -
Lawtey as outsiders and resisted attention Mrs. Mary Todd organized To Market...
any efforts to incorporate them into the Ladies' Village Improvement one day. Competition from Mexico and California
with the
railroad along
as as 14 carloads comingof
the. community. Some of the At the peak of Lawtey's strawberry season many
-- Society of Lawtey, the second oldest of strawberries were shipped from the Lawtey railroad platform, in World War II helped bring a decline in the strawberry industry.COMMISSARY .
club of its kind in the state. Under
Mrs. Todd's leadership, oak trees
were brought in by wagons and set Wr .
out along Lawtey's streets. Many of + o thv r 003 ob o1 bad .r .1' ." ,< ,If
the old oaks are still standing today.
srrY "
E .., Violent Times... r LETTER FROM LAWTEY T-
aft (Dec.29, 1889)
The early 1900s saw the Introduction
of a violent element to Lawtey, Dear Editor: Many believe that
and shooting scrapes became com there are sometimes people buried
mon. Those residents who dared who seem to be dead but are not.
>< venture out after dark often took Please print at least once a year the
along company in the form of a gun. following test which everybody can
understand and take refuge to:
Rival gangs vied for power in 5
Lawtey and murders were free The Marquis d'Orleans offered a
quent. Law enforcement officers prize of 20 thousand francs for the
often fell victim to the violence of simplest and surest test to hinder the
desperadoes. Once in 1903 Lawtey's horrible fate of being buried alive. FOOD STOREi
Dr. Camiere of England won the
sheriff was forced to call upon the i
Starke Guard Unit, Company E, 2nd prize by this measure:
darkened deadroomwith
Go into the
Florida Infantry to help quell a
Lawtey disturbance. a burning lamp or candle. Take The Commissary Is the modern old
grocery offering
-- the hand of the dead person
William Lawtey Also in the early 1900s, a new two- before the light. When there is left 5'2 fashioned service.
story, brick school building was builton the least bit of life,the fingers will be Custom meats, groceries and gas.
Park Street to replace the old transparent red, but if life has gone and
Stop by get acquainted, we have been
TOBACCO BOOMING schoolhouse which was moved to out, the fingers will appear black as your
Bradford's orange moon has set Lake Street to serve as a courthouse. if made of marble. Thank you. FLOW)*LOTTERY LOTTO neighbor for 10 years.
but another has taken its place. It is Grades one through nine were I -G.Duolshagen,Lawteyj
the tobacco moon, and it is full and taught in the new school building.
shining brightly.- 1898.

.!, ; lit ll, fr ; :! :


{:..-. SERVING

ft ?' ) : )!' 1i

-.-, Y_ hi) : 4'' ii !:FO.!&
: 1

......-,m=.. {''r'\\ 40 YEARS

$2'E; : JJai V Vt

:: '.
.: i 1lu'

:;a: t ;, t u t t lu. ,1\\I\i:\


=: MARKETOwned
Butch and Barbara Jordan have created a restaurant and

I... motel that would fit In Lawtey 110 years ago and Operated by Danny Waters


All the buildings reflect a town 110 years ago. This Danny Waters continues to operate the store started by his parentsthe

I;; replica of a cow town Is unique The motel front old fashioned way. He has quality. custom cut meats that are the

shows what a wild west town was back then. finest you can find anywhere.

1 The atmosphere still reflects that old fashioned touch everyone is

Butch & Barbara have carried the old fashioned known by their first name. Why not go see Danny.and his staff for

your groceries, produce and meats soon.
theme throughout the restaurant. Quality homestylei

meals are served dally. If you haven't tried their food,

now is your chance for some good home cooking. Waters Grocery and Market


: .


.. -....-....- -..- -. --....- .... .----- .. ---- -.-. - -

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Mfflf, _....... ........__ ,.."'._ ___ J _'''''._"..__.;.,._....,.JSflP h kw m Mutt* *,?. .*jcitf-.tier>w j fc M

Some Do Not Yearn


_For the "Good Ole Days"by : :' : : k : ; '


Su. ElUn Smith didn't know what I was going to ,
aCT Staff Writer ," she said. "I just lived and did J fi
Most of us in these hectic times I could do." : :;
have yearned for a return to the what she could do was what !
"good ole days," a time when life had done all her life work in '
was simpler a time when you could fields. -s
buy a month's worth of groceries for few months after her husband S., S t r
only $25, when traffic congestion on Mrs. Wilkinson, her in-laws It y
US-301 was nonexistent,when no one her daughters moved into a ,
had even heard of hazardous waste, house on two acres of land in k.- "
much less had to worry about a city limits. Her in-laws
hazardous waste incinerator in their i t the house and land for the
backyard.But because, without transporta-
many of Bradford County's there was no way for Mrs.
older residents have lived through to get to work and no way 'Si4 ,
the ole her school-age daughters to get w..
"good days" we so nostalgicly i.:,
yearn for,and,for them,the reality -> .
of those days falls short of our moving into Lawtey, Mrs.
romantic visions. went to work picking
Life-long Lawtey resident Nellie peas and strawberries in the sue.
Wilkinson is one such person. of Lawtey. She also packed (
"People call the old days the for shipping. Her
"good ole days," Mrs. Wilkinson took care of her -----.. --
said. "But they weren't that good, children while she worked.
because had to work." .,. in the fields was not that good, Sitting Pretty...

'II" ,Jil it .was enough to support her The stylishly dressed Lawtey residents in this The picture was taken In May of 1886 in Lawtey resident -

worked for 50 cents photograph were probably typical of the kind of people Mr. S.A. Bailey's "Bay" according to writing on
cents a many day,"a day Mrs. Wilkinson who lived in Lawtey during its Chicago Colony days. the back of the original.

"We got 25 cents and
only 15 cents a hamper The "good ole days" are now behind most of her life, she said, "Hard The author Is one of Nellie Wilhin-
string beans. For ford hooks we her. work won't kill people. You might ton's 16grandchildren. Mrs. Wilkin-
50 cents." "I don't want the good ole days'to think sometimes you re going to die, son, as of this printing, also has II
oldest daughters helped her in come back," she said. but I bet you won't." great-grandchildren
fields when they weren't in As for the hard work she had to do "Oh, don't tell me that." she said
when she learned the count.
there was something to pick. -- --.
worked six days a week,' she
"If there were four of us pick- LAWTEY.,. from page 6 Town Gets Prison...
In addition madeto
make 1980, a large was
four buckets would a
In April of 1977,the"Old Anderson Lawtey's 14-year-old school
We'd pick together, and I'd
,1. know local law enforcement will not
lY School Building" on State Road building. Five classrooms and two
paid.. tolerate the flouting of the legal 200-B in Lawtey was converted into a resource rooms were added. Five
she and her daughters came speed limit. major correctional Institution.The portable classrooms have been add-
from picking all day, they original physical plant, ob- ed since that time to serve a student
still work to be done at
Mrs.more Wilkinson her A Water System... tained from the Bradford County population that has grown from 320
kept own
to provide her family with In April of 1976, a new water School Board through a lease agreement in the late 1970s to more than 500 in
system was completed in Lawtey at in February of 1973, was 1989.
a cost$476,000. Hook-ups within city originally used as a community
go out and pick stuff way Increasing traffic congestion on
Cur- vocational center for almost 100
dinner and gather our own limits at the time totaled 156. Now the US-301 in the 1980s led to the installa-
pensions."I ," she said. "Then we'd snap rently hook-ups total almost 240 work-release participants.Correctional In- tion of Lawtey's first traffic signal.
on the porch within city limits. Lawtey city of- expanded accomodate The signal,which is located at the intersection -
stitution is designed to
ficials are now trying to determinethe
her garden always pro- of US-301 and Lake Street,
554 inmates with a maximum
enough for her family, Mrs. feasibility of installing a city was installed in 1986 along with left-
of 834. The institution reqUIred -
system, a topic that has capacity
said. They grew beans sewerage lane turning lanes on US-301.City officials
and been part of the city's agenda for almost 600 water hook-ups had fought to have a signal installed
,greens,corn,new potatoes from the newly built Lawtey water
vegetables. They had almost 10 years. at the intersection for more
for meat and eggs, and a Also in 1976, Seaboard Coastline system.In the withinLawtey's than 10 years.
1979, population
Railroad donated its Lawtey tram
for milk and butter. Flour they limits was estimatedto As faces its 112th
city Lawtey
Looking Ahead Not station to the city for use as a "new"city
to buy in 25-pound bags for one hall. The old city hall which had be almost 800. This estimate does 1990, indications are that its future
l Nellie Wilkinson sits in her because every meal meant served the city first as a schoolhouseuntil not include the hundreds of people will be bright. The ever-growing
bookshelf at left Is filled with biscuits. it was moved to Lake Street to who live just outside the city limits number of people entering Florida
, grandchildren. Mrs Wilkinson, who the fresh garden vegetables make way for construction ot a new and in surrounding area The every day means a population in-
t her 84 years, can trace her roots In out, they fell back on the school building in the early luoos\ population has since increased but crease in Lawtey is Inevitable. The
century. they had dried. was torn down. Termite damage had an accurate estimate will not be advantages of a growing populationmay
didn't have the means to can the old available until the results of the next one day enable Lawtey to
made renovation of courthouse
1 ," Mrs. Wilkinson said. "The I,'" censuataa! 'reltasrdQ! . Mrs. Wilkinson, now 81, had to do didn't cost that much, but you -nearly----impossible.---- H D"'h___...._.
back-breaking labor in the have the money."
strawberry and vegetable fields of Wilkinson said they had lived
most of her life to supportherseiT a few years before they
and her family. And in the finally able to can their own In The
Bradford County of the '20s, '30s and .
I '40s, hers is not an atypical story. inherited some jars, and we _
Her story begins in 1908. Born canning," she said. "I also "GOOD OLE DAYS"
I Nellie Austin in her parents' home. syrup in half-gallon jars and -
about five miles north of Lawtey, those jars."
she lived with her parents, Henry Wilkinson said they did their
and Alice Austin, for nearly 21 years outside to cut down on the A night out meant
before Her like
marrying. family, inside the house.

many Bradford County families dur- snap beans on the porch, getting dressed up in
ing this time, made a living by grow-- them in .
then in the morning put
ing strawberries, beans and other
vegetables for their own use and to round pot over a fire outside," your finest and going
sell. shared the garden labor said. "Then we would put them
with the They family's one mule. jars.." You just don't know how it p out on the town
done all of
"I've never nothing my
life but farm," Mrs. Wilkinson said. years have passed since
Her parents didn't even own the Wilkinson has had to go into a Dining or Dancing
lived to pick vegetables and p
land her family on.
"It was just an odd piece of land to support her family. \- 0
daughters have long since mar
used to own, Mrs.
somebody had children of their own. ,
Wilkinson said. "The pine trees had 0
work is now limited to taking A
been used for turpentine. of herself and shelling the few Today Night
On December 14, 1928, moved mar- and beans that come out of the
ried Wesley E. Wilkinson
which now belongs to one of
into the home of her in-laws; Bryant sons-in-law. When she is able, \
and Easter Wilkinson, about still does some canning. Slowly, Out Means
mile away from her parent's hardship of her life has eased. )
land her
She farmed her in-laws' at

: Going To

. .

Since 1956. ""


No one
I .

is doing :more Inside the Econo Lodge


for your health.Bradford and Enjoying Meeting with Friendsin


Hospital has provided diagnostic and treatment servicesto

area residents for over thirty years. Today, new hi-tech services like

CT scans, ultrasound and mammography exams are availableas C }nnlIfnsMake

well as cardiac stress tests.

"\ Dedicated nurses and physicians at Bradford Hospital

f.' provide high quality,'personal and professional care. And remember,

our emergency department is open 24 hours a day 7 days a week.

.. -V your plans fora

964-6000 night out this week at .

r r


US 301 North I. ,



.'''''', .. ,,. -"' ." .., .q-. ., ,. > ', """ Tt -<1 ] '" I I l -'- \. -.

e"I I

AUGUST tt un.

I Hampton's History: Glory Days to Quiet Days ._ I

.. '
by Brenda Bowk built across from the present ,.' __:' _'< ...
_. ___ '" _. ._._
ICT StaN Writer cemetery. The church no longer ex- : ""
Since Hampton was incorporatedin ists today.In Ul ,- .--. --'. ,. .
1893, it a has been described as a the late 1800s the Starke Hampton -
boom town, a ghost town, a frontier area attracted two brothers, the ....,"
town and a quiet town. Rev. G.P. Young and the Rev. t.
Although the last one seems to be William B. Young. Both were
the most accurate description of the religious leaders and educators.W.B. r Iq'
town presently, it has a history Young is credited with openingthe ': .: ,'
which takes in the other descriptionsas Hampton School in February of ) .
well. 1883, and by 1886 he had established q' ,,'
Before Hampton was given its pre- 'the Lake Navarre Academy in .4 '".''
sent name It was known as"Crossroads" Hampton.The ,-.: !' -
because of theAtlantictoGulf academy was named after ,
railroad which Hampton's main street called
reached the area in 1858. Early settlers Navarre Avenue. Hampton Lake r
were attracted to the area was formerly known as Little Santa .
because of the good farmland, and Fe Lake and even earlier known as = f
several small stores sprang up to Lake Navarie. ,
serve the needs of "Crossroads. ,' W.B. Young is also credited with __ i1.
The boom town of Hampton came establishing the First Christian
about because of the further expansion Church in 1884 which is still active ,: _
of the railroad with the additionof today.
the Georgia Southern and Florida Two brothers Jack R. and Tom 6
Railroad passing through the town. Williams from Alachua, who were
The growing settlement of working as traveling salesman, saw
Crossroads was renamed Hampton Hampton as a good headquarters for
when the first post office was their business and established a _
established Dec. 28, 1882. store there in 1889. w. _
The settlement was named after a The Hampton Hotel was established i-i A 1
10-year-old( boy named Hampton in 1891 by another brother, R.M. _
Terry whose father owned a farm Williams. The 16-room hotel was a __

Setbacks for the boom town of

Hampton began wit!. the Big .

Freeze of 1895 which wiped out '( .. f7ttfr p t ;mj ,r., .' "'' .r: 'a, -

tire citrus Industry in tire area.near y 1 LTw'

ri r'. '. r1N ,

the railroad tracks. The town two-story structure which could ac- .'S '(. s ')t._... ";'., .- I bM ... Y / _
grew around this farm and when the commodate about 25 overnight
first merchants, Blanton and guests. It also had a large kitchen, Hampton's Depot at the Height of the Town's Activity
Cameron,established a post office in dining rooms and a lobby.
their store the name of "Hampton"was The Williams brothers are also
officially given to the town.It credited with the organizing and of the timber in the area led to ex- town certainly: did. mile run." closed bringing in several egg-
may be hard to believe after founding of the Hampton Baptist haustion of the crop and the declineof Called the ''Old Hampton Curve" Another fire In the late 1930s wipedout laying and broiler operations.The .
passing the one store located near Church m 1891. the lumber industry.To by some residents,Road 13 was considered the entire side of a street town's water system becamea
the city hall in Hampton today but The hotel immediately attracted compensate for the failing a dangerous curve.This prompted destroying the post office, the problem in the 1970s after the
the boom town of Hampton in the salesmen to the area for overnight timber and citrus industry, farmersin the State Road Department to telephone exchange and the Ben owner failed to keep it up to Depart-
late 1800s was the site for a bank, stops. Salesmen would arrive in the area turned to other crops, build a by-pass around the town in Saxon home. ment of Environmental standards.The .
hotel, drug store, lumbermill, Hampton late in the afternoon and notably cotton, and strawberries.Soon the early 1930s, dooming it to a fit With Hampton's future looking city obtained the system in
several large merchandise stores, a stay overnight at the hotel. They the town had two cotton gins in ting description of ghost town. bleak the residents welcomed the January 1978 with plans to constructa
shingle mill, cotton gin, turpentinestill would leave early in the morningand operation. Property values hit rock bottom revival of the town with the openingof new system.A .
and railroad depot. travel to surrounding areas by Hampton resident Lynn Hall, 86, and many stores were vacant.As Camp Blanding in the 1940s. new system was contracted andIs
The lumbermill was established horse and buggy to sell their goods. was born at Hampton Lake on Oct. if it was not enough to have Families and men stationed at still In operation today providingcity
north of the town at Thurston,whichno The railroad stop at the town also 18, 1902 and remembers picking cot- empty building and homes in the Camp Blanding rented rooms in residents with the water they
longer exists today,on the Starke- increased the business at the hotel ton in the early 20s. town,a series of fires in the town led homes in Hampton.Mr. need.
Hampton road by Simon Temple. providing travelers with a place to "I picked them many a day," Mr. to its further decline. Hall's daughter Margaret The modern quiet town of Hampton -
Temple,a pioneer lumberman of the eat and rest before continuing their Hall said. "That's one" thing I hated The June 1, 1934 edition of The Crawford,who still lives in Hampton with a self-sufficient water
area, established the Temple journey.The was picking cotton. Telegraph recorded the fire which remembers troops passing through soon set back by being
sawmill which became such a thriv- town was first incorporated in Hampton struggled to survive in a destroyed the Hampton Hotel. "The town on the train. She said she described as a frontier town.An arti-
ing operation it was given a fourth- 1893 by the town's citizens. It had to rapidly changing world of Hampton Hotel, large two-story remembers going out by the train as cle in The Florida Times-Union writ-
class post office to accommodate the be reincorporated again in 1911 and technology. The town was hurt by frame structure, burned to the it passed and being given loaves of ten in April 1982 compared Hamp-
mill workers. 1925 because the charter was not the development of the automobileand ground late Wednesday night. The bread by soldiers. ton's trouble with teenagers gather-
The expansion of the railroad led renewed. decline of the railroad.If Starke fire truck was called to our The revival was short lived as ing at the town store stirring trouHAMPTON -
to the establishment of several churches Setbacks for the boom town of the decline of the railroad was neighboring town, but could do littleto Camp Blanding closed and the town up
in the area. Hampton began with the Big Freezeof not enough to squelch the spirit of save the hotel which was enmassed again was quiet.
The first church established in 1895 which wiped out the citrus industry this town, the re-routing of old Road in flames by the time the fire The poultry industry came to the _see page 10
Hampton was the Methodist Church in the area.Also the rapid use 13 moving all traffic to by-pass the department could make the seven- area shortly after Camp Blanding!

U 1,1 'y '110 Years 'ago when you

FL!]; Nr wanted a good meal,

you went to Grandma's

t house. Today you go to

...tititi.V Ati?. Western Steer

"l M

?' rr x 4i

.:. o-f -' .1.1Y

.,. ., II ew r .n...
l"o: K rr un K

Ready to Roll... doctor Is his brother-in-law, Ben Dowling.Boys In frontof BBMTOBiii -

Dr. W.E. Middleton seated behind the wheel of his the car, left to right, are Lucian Johns, Charlie
1912 Ford Roadster is credited with more than a half a Beck, Mercer Miller, Dick Miller and Horace Melton.
century of medical practice In Bradford County. The Behind the car left to right are: Willie Johns, Earl
picture was taken in Hampton In front of the Hampton Middleton, Harvey Miller, Vardie Wall and Charlie
drug store in the early 1900s. Seated In the car with the Cameron.

Western Steer

E-Z WHEELS3UY offers you the best food in town at a ,

\ / :YPRHEE reasonable
% 3UY HERE very price .

\ ,r
bJE. -FINBNCE You Choose What You Like '

Great Steaks
120 _-., Burgers

110 '.' r Desserts Salad Bar

100 .....h> and the All American Food Bar
Come Torn
; eo which includes an extensive menu

r E-Z WHEELS VegetablesSalads Meats

Kt ,o.-

; -- for Hot! Deals *
20: '
t -.1o U.S. 301 N. Starke Desserts t ,

.' 10 H E-Z Wheels will finance your vehicle for as M' Ice ,Cream Bar VcC; :* "

20 H TDT: little as $295 down. ,x ')" and more at a great price! '- ,., i'*, ''f\

-3o We have some of the finest,previously
: '0'- so Hu-- owned automobiles In the area. .-


-- -
is Thank you, Bradford Telegraph, for serving this --

E" area for 11O years !

Together we can make this community -' sxsmiousc

continue grow & prosper I 301 SPaE >4-806t,


.... .. ... _.. .. _"" F_-= mr---. ...:---.- -= .. .

..... "
I .L "-
1 r--- I' ; f'J

AUGUST 10 111811 Im DY!! I'OllNTVTI.ii'GIt_ : :: I>II. IIII th:ANNIVKILSAKY_ __ _.>__ I'AOK: MNK.Sf(Him Four

Hampton Fire in Old Days Became

'Comedy of Errors' When Nothing FitThere's 1 '

nothing funny about a ire. The Fire Chief scratched his head ,
Most of them were tragic in the ear and thought and thought but I;
ly days when equipment to fight fire memory played him falsehe could ,
was Inadequate. In the absence of not remember who borrowed the .e" fffiJi
fire trucks small townslike reducer. So, after more delay and -". "! "
Starkehad to depend on "bucket more profanity, it was decided that "
brigades" for protection. since the building had already burn- .
men each with a "fire bucket' ed almost to the ground and ,
would line up between the burning darkness put the firefighters at rd
building and the nearest water well great disadvantage,they would just
and pass buckets of water along the call it a day and adjourn until morn- .
line to douse the blaze. Most of the ing. -.(
time their efforts were in vain.
Promptly at 7:30 Tuesday morn .
Nat Sternberg a popular Starke ing duty was resumed the reducerwas .
merchant for ,,.,,. .,. ,.....
many years was a finally found and the frustrated r ?? ? *
Tics. .
member of the town s volunteer(un- firemen left the scene to await the Firemen to the Rescue Family
paid) fire department.' His proud next r"" Lynn Hall sits at the kitchen table In his Hampton home with his
boast was 'We never lost a foun- daughter and great-grandchildren.From left"Little John"Crawford 4,
dation"-only thing that remained Margaret Crawford Deena Crawford,t, hall and Terry Crawford
Old Hampton HoldMnkeftHlKRIair fire water from the Lynn
The the railroad ditch.It
following story on
after most fires in those days. ap- 7. Mr. Hall has 19 grandchildren and 19' g..ats."
peared in The Telegraph's/ issue of Is estimated that approximately
Hampton's Sad StoryOf June 1, 1934: $1,000 worth of plate glass was
Inefficiency One of the most spectacular firesin destroyed in store buildings across
The following news item, which Hampton occurred In 1934 when Hampton Hotel. the street from the hotel. The heat
sounds likea good script for a two- the Hampton Hotel,a large wooden Burnt to the Ground and water from the fire caused the Hampton's SpiritRemembered
reel Buster Keaton comedy in early two-story building was destroyed by glass to crack and fall from the
movie days, appeared in the Oct. 17, fire. It had once been popular withrailroad Kate WednesdayThe display windows.It .
1913 issue of The Telegraph under employees and traveling Hampton Hotel, large two.sto..y is believed by L.A.Johns owner
the heading pf "Fire at Hampton": salesmen In the days before auto frame structure burned to the and manager of the hotel that the
At about 9 o'clock Monday night travel became so prevalent. ground late Wednesday night. fire began at the roof and was
The Starke fire truck was called to possibly caused by flue. It is
the home of E.H. Jones was a faulty
After considerable delay and some neighboring town but could do
destroyed by fire. We are advised our understood that a small amount of
choice profanity wrench was for little to the hotel which
a save was en- insurance was carried the
the loss is on
that covered in-
partly by thcoming. The nozzle: was attachedto massed in flames by the time the building and furnishings. by Brenda Bawek people in Hampton seem humanrathe..1.han
surance. the hose and all was in readiness fire department could make the ghosts from the past
When the alarm was sounded the (they thought) to attack the flames. seven-mile run.However. Practically all furniture on the BCT Staff Writer He tells a story about Arch
fire department responded im- Imagine the astonishment and good work was done in lower floor was saved but that on A fan near a window in the kitchenof Durden's brother Dunk who was
mediately wiin too feet of hose disgust of our lion-hearted firemen saving surrounding buildings which the second floor was a complete loss. the Hall home kCt'pllthe company asked by the minister of the Baptist
nozzles, couplings and so forth. But when it was discovered that the from time to time burst out in Mr.and Mrs.Johns were not in the cool as father and daughter got Church to dismiss church services;
on attempting To couple to a fire reducer used to connect the hose to flames but were quickly extinguish hotel at the time of the fire. It was together to help piece the history ol one Sunday. Dunk said "Oh Lord
hydrant they discovered to their the fire plug had been loaned to someone ed.The local department was unableto stated that there were few guests in Hampton togetherGathered look down on us with twist, and send
amazement, that the service' of a who had forgotten to returnit. use Hampton's water hydrants, the hotel and all escaped without in- around a small roundtable us a biscuit as big as your fist "
wrench was required. but the truck was used to pump jury. in the kitchen with beans cook- The church members were not too
ing on the stove you catch the spiritof happy with this prayer.
Hampton as Lynn Hall anddaughter "They said there was a big uproar
Margaret Crawford, over that." Mr. Hall said.
..1fz reminisce. He remembers Mr. Perry who
+ A. Mr. Hall remembers the Hampton owned property across from the
Hotel, the cotton mill across the fruit stand which operates on US-301
yard, two blacksmith shops a and CR-18. Mr. Perry would drive
farmers market a dry goods store his horse and buggy into town even
and a fish market. though this form of transportationwas
Mr. Hall was born Oct. 18, 1902 at not used much by 19:>8.
Hampton Lake. He talked about the "The kids loved it. Mr. Hall said.
fishing at Hampton lake when he Mr. Hall retired from therail..oad.
was growing up. continues to live in his
"There weren't no better lake for home next to the railroad tracks.
fish in'when I was raised there"Mr. The house was built by the railroad
Hall said. south of the main street of town forthe
He attended the old school in foreman to live in.
r Hampton and remembers picking Just as Mr Hall has manymemo..ies
cotton in the early 1920s. of Hampton in its railroad
Mr. Hall reared four children in days objects around his home are
Hampton and worked as foreman for reminiscent of those daysA
the Georgia Southern & Florida concrete slab in the front yard Is
Railroad.He the former site of the well and pump
describes Hampton as a community -, for the railroad. A small black and
which helped their white metal sign with B 250-2 on It
neighbors. If someone was buildinga hangs over the front door of the
log barn in the area the neighbors house.
/ would help. Even though the well site Is ob-
"If anything happened they was solete the sign over the door is still .
Ft*=rsf&z all there" Mr. Hall said. valid. It is still 250.2 miles by train

fk *<..He** .WV told,,+*,tories faW .which. make-< ?....*-.j- ..,.,. rpm. Hamp4Rn 44MrCop, Gay, .
-< *
INTERESTED Four of Sheriff Epperson's
Mr. J.G. Alvarez (Gid Alvarez.anearly last Saturday by
boarders escaped
l i Starke merchant and cotton cutting a hole through the outside
ginner) has received an appoint wall and crawled out. There more
_.. ment from the Governor to be a out the
confined In the Jail can go
... rte'' County Commissioner for this if they want to.-- liwo.ED'S .
Old Hampton School in 1899 district but he refuses to act.1890.. same way

Hampton has a paper now.Anyone APPLIANCE
III II lhIII1Ill1ll11l111111111111Il$1Illll$ IHllllllIllllHIIIIHlllllIllllllIIIIlllfl who wishes to get the news from
Hampton should subscribe to the
Hampton Orange Leaf.- 1898. PARTS & SERVICEThe

;: =' FAULKNER flI Largest Appliance Parts Storein

IIllL ; 3 Counties is celebrating its

The F.C.&P. Railroad offers a
reduced rate to Jacksonville and st YearAnniversary
t- INC. 11111 return on the 8th and 9th of January, 1
54' < good for return on the 11th, for$1.80
from Starke $2.05 from Hampton
w $1.50 from Lawtey, and $1.30 from .
Hwy 301. 11111N Highland.1890.Note .

2 Blocks south CR100 Florida( :Central The &F.C.&P.Peninsula was one the of 10% Off Hotpoint, GE, and WhirlpoolParts

R, w y 221 Lafayette Street the many names of the first railroad During August.
.' ". '1 STARKE 9645069PHHnBEEaflnflUJri through Starke before it became the

Seaboard. A local joke was that the 310 E. Call Street e Starke 964-2966
Come &
initials stood for "Friends,

mew Push".) __>_u__

',,, v' ,
liii :' .. '!'':;I.dt-: .._. .. !>-.: .
:' ,(fIi.'f;:.i7'+;:' : Fm.
jLr 4tiXjea. 301iew

11111 Independently Owned and Operated by Susan M. Faulkner, .

GRI, CRB President .
11111 _

11111 The Faulkner Family has been 'M M 11.4 LIQUORS

11111 actively involved in area real estate

11111 for years. A civic minded group of _I LOUNGE &PACKAGE

IIII professionals, ERA Faulkner Realty US 301 STARKE

11111 offers only the finest service in real 964-7771

estate transactions.

Eloise and her staff extend a happy courteous

invitation everyone to celebrate the Telegraphs

L 110th Anniversary by coming by 301 liquors. Meet

ipig I your friends here following the Street Dance for more

, f f Qt'lt i niymsaiw entertainment., ,See You There *

..j Call Us Today*! EOT OUR LOUNGE

1 with live entertainment t Friday & Saturday Nights11

. --
. .-- J1llhIIT-I-IIuIMuIIllhuIIIIjllIllhIIIIllll:

-- - ---- -

'" III. .JIII I. __ ... ,IUIIII UJ J ll! ... ... v-I
r I '"
.It "..1.. ,.___ .
r \'
V ti V


Hampton from pages ...........................................

ble,to a frontier town terrorized ban > County Sheriff's Department to pro- Waldon Wadsworth has lived in YAt
outlaw gang racing up and down vine protection for a monthly TeeThe Hampton for 58 years. He moved to
Main Street. town marshal was suspended by Hampton In 1931 with hb! parents
Residents of the town were not Governor Bob Martinez after being was 5 years old. tfl fAthprGordon
pleased with the "Dodge City" image indicited by a Bradford County had a turpentine business in e
presented by the article grand jury. the area which included Graham t
There has almost always been some and Theressa.
controvery surrounding the issue of The frontier town of Hampton has When Wadsworth was 30 years old
the town marshal. With the town's long been restored to its quiet town he joined the Merchant Marines.
population about 450 the 24-hour pro- reputation. Driving through Hampton Having traveled all over the worldas
tection of a city marshal is desiredby today you can see this community a Marine he chose to return to
many residents. is centered around church,school Hampton to live. t
Presently the town has entered in And family life This is his favorite place, Mr. *
to a contract with the Bradford Life in Hampton can be described Wadsworth said. "Its just my 4 :
at easygoing most of the time. home." _' e

v'y. r
j ; n

.J. .
: "
ft, ,. :
'i-'' :J.. .
; "
) -".;;.. f itC1fr
"tx,," ,

Communicator... -Jor--'
The flag flying high In the center,town across from
Waldon Wadsworth sit in front of his radio equipment the post office Is the site of Mr. Wadsworth'i lawn
which allows him to communicate with people around mower repair shop.The flag pole was originally from
the country. Mr. Wadsworth has been a licensed the old Hampton school site.
amateur radio operator since 1945. His radio call letters Mr.Wadsworth Is In the picture below as a memberof
can be seen In the background W4NRP. the 1938 Hampton Junior High Basketball Team.
.. ..
---- -------- -


Y Jr

1 d :

f :.. .
i_ ..::. :: : ;
.;' 1t. .s tJi: --_ .
.. .. :.' '....I ,. :
'-' -.- --.J 1400.,.. 9..0-. :


The Hampton School, Bradford County, Florida

(5th & 6th Grade Class, 192728)First

Row:Carolyn Delk,Ruth Zeigler,Mildred Phillips,Mary Elizabeth M.E.) v t
Wynn Jessie Mae Brannen,Charlotte Gillete Muriel Johnson.
Second Row:Corrie Wynn Jessie Mae Dennison,Nettie Hereey,Bessie Della
Cloversettle,Lucille Dickinson Equilla Jones(Teacher). ..-:, -
Third Row:Henry Hinson,Herbert Packham John Gillete,Elmer Powell Grace Determined Faces... -c "..r N_-
Adkins,Pearl Parrish.
Hampton's 1938 junior! High School basketball team Second row:Charles Parker,H.C.(Buster)Green and
Fourth Row:Percy Sullivan,Raymond Chesthut,William
Packham Clyde
sits on the auditorium steps.of the school Left to right. Randal Boyd.
Hersey Earl Dickinson,Merrill Johns Olen Bedenbaugh. ,Cbii 'i'UN{! 1Y.J.'Phllll .,W llat tlllM ? :.blt""'t'Back row: James Barwlck Claude Durham, Theron
(captain),Othma Sullivari'iYid Wafden'Wadsworth. Collins,Alvin Wynn and Willard Wynn.
_H .,. .. ,., .. I


VITAL PART OF COMMUNITY LIFE Bobby and Carolyn Crews Autry have

carried on the tradition of Mitchell's.

Bobby is better known as "The Singing

Pharmacist" and Carolyn is into

1- everything from remodeling Mitchell's

to catering and community activities.

= = = 1 Personal service, is the life of their

f %, business.

1 They really care about their

:" ;- customers. The memories of Mr. Crews

) f,, i, and his friends' activities will long be

.,; / remembered. Mitchell's Drugs has

always been at the hub of activities in

s j _/- Starke People just enjoy doing

business there.

c Nothing has changed at Mitchell's or -

Ii Everything has changed according to

!r how you look at it.

In Tribute to Lester Crews, who

: operated MITCHELL'S DRUG The history of Mitchell's Drugs and

I STORE since 1949. Lester Crews will continue to be

; written on, a day-to-day basis by Carolyn.

F Mr. ,Crews was a viallart of and Bobby, staff and their many "

? Bradford County, active in many customers..

r: segments of community life. He

n carried on the same tradition of
f James M. Mitchell, who MITCHELL IS STORE

I established the drug store in ,

1905. 127 E. Call Street. Starke 964-7810,





Brooker Ward City, i'

: The History is-. Still the Same i', '

by Su. ElUn Smith '-,, .
Town citizens, probably tired of The Great Depression of the 1930s .
iCT Staff Writer the confusion the town's two names hit Brooker much like it hit other ,
If a town can be described as hav- caused decided to drop the name Bradford County towns. The I i :
Ing an Identity crisis, then the town Ward City and used the name of the residents found hard times to be a :
of Brooker (or is it Ward City?) cer- post office, Brooker. Soon the way of life during the Depression. "
tainly has one. railroad station signs proclaimingthe Fortunately, New Deal programs
This small community, located town Ward City were taken like the Work Projects Administration ,,.
about 15 miles southwest of Starke down. and the Civilian Conservation I
has had the distinction of having two* Now, almost 95 years later, Corps helped many families survive. ;........ :......-
names, Ward City and Brooker for Brooker is the accepted name of the According to a 1983 Gainesville j
nearly 95 years. While its residents town.But,although it is known by its Sun article written by Brooker resident ,
live and vote in a town incorporatedunder residents as Brooker, no official C.E. "Sue" Davis,a CCC camp I 4r .
the name of Brooker, its name change was ever made. Real was established in Brooker duringthe I
homes and businesses are located, estate and tax records are still listed Depression and served as an
according to legal descriptions and in the Bradford County Courthouse enlistment center for the state of
deeds, in a town called Ward City. under Ward City, and they probably Florida. New recruits were inducted
The confusion began back in 1892. always will be. every three months. Replacementsfor
Thomas R. Collins, a native of Columbia Brooker has been a farming com- those shipped out would be held ,
County, purchased a piece of munity since it was first settled. over at Brooker.The men who worked li
property about a mile southwest of Most of its residents through the in these camps earned their
the present site of Brooker and soon years made a living by growing salaries by stringing phone lines, I M1 s.
petitioned the federal government potatoes, melons, corn, beans and building forest roads and cutting fire I
for the establishment of a post of squash to be shipped to market.Dur- lines, among other jobs.In I
fice. His request was granted in 1894, ing the 308, 40s and 50s it was not the late 308 and early 40s
and he became postmaster of a post unusual for 12 or more semi tractor- Brooker's economy, like the overall i
office he named Brooker for a trailers to come into Brooker everyday economy of the nation, began Im-
friend, Ed Brooker, who was a to take produce to market, ac- proving as a second world war .rC
farmer in the area. cording to some of Brooker's older became inevitable. The opening of
The same year Collins was residents. Farmers brought their Camp Blanding just 8 miles east of
granted permission to establish the crops into town to meet the trucks. Starke meant employment for many rM -
Brooker post office, a railroad was Some of the crops,like melons,were Brooker residents. Until that time, ; ....
completed from Sampson City to most of the town's people had worked .: .. .. .. -.v '
LaCrosse. Before Collins had j' : ,' :. rf
even only in Brooker, but after the ... 5-
moved to the area, Emra P. Ward, opened began com- ;:"' -" .. .. --.".
camp ,. ...
.", .. ....
son of an early settler of the area, muting to work.The .10 :!.... ,-"''''' ,.< .'; .....
had deeded a right of of the 40s meant .:: ;t
way throughhis war economy -" \0" 7' ; ....
property to the Ambler Lumber r economic and industrial'11' '. '-- '' ." ... ." "
: "
Company of Jacksonville for the developments for Brooker. A : '- :-, -""1..'''","""t e
sum of one dollar. Ward sold the farmers market was built and handled -
right of way to the lumber company shipments of produce from Union Godwin Store...
with the understanding that a Y and A'!..Viua counties, as well as The old "false front" Godwin store owned by Roy Brooker farmers and sharecroppers during the earl' I
railroad would be constructed within Bradford County. Unfortunately, Godwin was a favorite gathering place for many IBOOs. Mr. Godwin is the fifth man from the left
three years from the date of deed. during the 70s business at the
It was also understood that the market declined sharply. The --
name of the station for the railroad market now stands vacant. from the Houston to Miami gas line, as well as getting the city water Brooker has seen little growth in
would be Ward City, in appreciationof 'tw Also in the 40s a tung oil mill was now employees 27 people.In system updated.The its population and downtown area in
Ward's cooperation with the built in Brooker. Tung nuts were 1950 Brooker was reincorporated present school building,which recent years. Many of the stores,
lumber in securing the shipped in from the surroundingareas after a lapse of almost 40 has been serving Brooker for more which once flourished within city
right of way. With the completion of ir and sometimes from as far years. An active city council has than 20 years, has a student population limits,no longer exist. Even its main
the railroad,which would come to be away as Alabama to be ground. The governed the town ever since. of 125, down more than 50 economic niche, farming, has
known as "Peggy," in 1894, the oil from the nuts was extracted to Currently, the council has been students from its enrollment of 10 declined. The current populationnow
agreement was fulfilled. make varnishes and paints. The re- trying to apply for government years ago. In 1980 Brooker Elemen- stands at about 500.
maining nut grounds were made into grants for redevelopment of some tary School changed from a
After the railroad
Collins, who recognized was completed the advan-, : cakes to be shipped to feed mills. According areas of Brooker. One of the main kindergarten through seventh grade Although not a town known for a
I to some long-time Brooker objectives of the council upon school to a kindergarten through fast-paced atmosphere, this quiet
tages a railroad could bring to his I residents, It was not unusual to hear receiving a grant is the constructionof sixth grade school. The seventh community has much to offer those
post office, purchased a lot in
who wish to from the stressof
The students of
of nut cake-carrying railroad cars a community center. city grade Brooker now go to escape
City for $30 and moved his Brooker Emra Ward fire before they could plans to use the now abandoned school at the Bradford Middle Schoolin Rolling pastureland,
Post Office there. Before the catching on farmers market for the project if Starke, accounting for the large stands of pine trees and quiet
reach their destination the cakes
railroad was built, Collins had to shipped by rail. ,
they are able to secure the deed Brooker Elementary School enroll- streets are Brooker's trademarks.And .
travel by horseback several times a In the 20s and 30s,the train,knownas were so flammable. from the State Department of ment drop. The school building on in Florida,where the population
week to a small post office in "Peggy," made two roundtripruns By the mid-1950s, the demand for Agriculture. In recent years, the CR-18 was built in 1967 to replace the growth is phenomenal, more people
Litesville, which was northeast of to Brooker everyday. At that tung oil began to decrease as the use council has been successful in get- old wooden school that once stood at may find in Brooker the quiet life
his home,to deliver and pick up mail time, Peggy had a woodburningengine of water-Based paints increased. ting many of Brooker's roads paved, the same location. they have been searching for.
for his Brooker Post Office patrons. and carried passengers as Tung tree groves, which had been
With the completion of a railroad well as freight. Brooker, during planted to help provide nuts for .
station whose sign read Ward City these years, had five stores, in- crushing, became unproductive due '" ,5.
... "and .a post office whose sign read cluding a hardware store and a to their age. The final blow to an tit i .
Brooker, the town's dual identity general merchandise store, as well already'dying industry came when .'" t. ,
.. ... .. .
,.. .w. '" ;" I. "
""'I atr.r f""fJ RVl ,u-, -n a* a 1iew.grocel'llJtores.There was n the twig .011.plant, burned to the .
From 1894 until 1914, the con- also a barber shop,which was owned ground.Stockholders decided not to '. p, .rraq-1r-r."o/J, 11''ro; ''' ,' ---yr
tradicting signs on the railroad sta- by L.A. Brown until he sold it to Lon- rebuild, and the paint operation .
tion and post office remained. The nie L. Parker in the late 30s. which had opened in Brooker to be ... '" ..,
fact that their town had two names Like most of the streets in Brad- near the tung oil supply was movedto '. 1..rl. .
was confusing enough for long-time ford County, most of Brooker's Gainesville.In .
residents, much less new settlers or streets were unpaved. The only roadto 1962 new industry opened nor- t_ .
visitors. Starke was a newly grated one thwest of Brooker. The Florida S\ v. np tf .tIeo.J .nO.- .u+5.FT :

Finally, a request was made of the built in the 20s. There was no paved Hydrocarbon Company, although ........ it ...........
Brooker Post Office to change its road to Gainsville, and if there had largely automated J provided :,........ -- .,
name to Ward City.But fear that the been, Brooker residents would not employment for more than 30 people :.. ..'
name change would cause mail have had much reason to go there. from the surrounding areas. In 1986
delivery confusion (there was Also in the early 208 and 30s, The Florida Hydrocarbon Company
already a Wardville and a Ward Sta- Brooker had a sawmill and a grits became the Enron Gas Processing .
tion in Florida) won out over the mill. A cotton gin existed in Brooker Company. The company, which ex- .
desire to give the town one name. until the late 20s. tracts and processes natural gas i ..

f-... "'.
'!"' '
reliable baker.1895.. (Note: This
Tidbits. CALL STREET WATER BAD building was in the block east of the
The quality of water on Call Street Rosenberg Building.)
is decidedly bad, as some samples
DEPOT NEEDS TO MOVE analyzed by Dr. Stewart will show.
Capt. King, general manager Steps should be taken to secure a
Maxwell's assistant, was in town good public well.Mr.G.W. Young of- '*
this week inspecting the depot fers to sink a well to a sufficient COMPLAINT
facilities of the Florida Central & depth to insure pure water at the ABOUT BAR
Peninsula Railroad at this place. cost of material. (Editorial com- Will The Telegraph kindly call at-
Capt. King inclined to the opinionthat ment: The man who drinks Call tention to the side gate at Sparkman
& Co.'s bar? It should be made to
the road would soon find it Street water may not have sand in
necessary to build a new depot in the his craw, but he certainly gets it in open toward the inside, if possible. ,
of town, where more hiser- neck.1895 The writer has twice lately barely i.. 1L. .. ,.
northern part .. .., -
be had.-1895. avoided being struck while passing, "' : -jo 'A. -
room for siding can on account of the sudden opening of
(Note: at this time the depot NEW BUILDING RISINGMr. the gate. Both the fence and the gate
side of the
located along the west Call and .J.M.Johns has begun erectionof being tight, persons on the inside Planting Time... In Brooker for decades. Eventually the lung oil industry
railroad tracks between later movedto a one-story brick building 20x70 cannot see passersby.-1895. (Note: Workers planting tung oil trees In Brooker during the declined when paint and varnish companies
Madison Streets. It location was along the feet on the vacant lot betweenHeiberger's Sparkman's Bar was in the buildingnow 1930s. The production of tung oil was a major industry began making water-based products.
its long-time and and Martin's store. As occupied by Richard's Shoe
tracks between Washington 16). soon as completed, it will be occupied Store.)
Brownlee Streets (Highway by Joseph Eckert.the old and


Sports Equipment Uniforms Silk Screening

BRADFORD FURNITURE Trophies Plaques Custom Caps and ShirtsSporting

Salutes the Bradford County Telegraph for HO Chance

years of quality journalism and their continued .t ,a U a" 1r- (904) 964-8840

effort in serving the needs of our community.At 0 tNG Y Carolyn Carver, Rt< 2,BO'fr' 2378,Starke FL 32091jj'

Bradford Furniture Industries .r

in product! f
we believe a quality
And our continuing success in

today's competitve marketplace is '

based on the dedication of our '

many employeeshardworking

people who still care about doing h

things the right way.

We are extremely grateful for

their dedication-dedication that ( ;

means the difference between ,
furniture and truly
ordinary ,/ .
superior furnishings. To our

many faithful employees and ,'

thanks! t
friends IA

Box 430 Starke, Florida 32091

(904) 964-7347

immlllJlIIlIlIl1ItllttmlflflllD I


- -

I ,. l" -
) u \'"
I \" {

-- -

Lonnie Parker: A Look Back .

r., by Sue ElUn Smith tLIIi

ICY Staff WriterThousands r .
of tourists pass t Jy do Y1re ki i lYa r ''
1 4 through Bradford County on US-301
r every day all headed for the tourist
,fir ; rd E 4 mecca of South Florida. They drive
through a small town called Lawtey,
and a few of them will remember it !
weeks later when they mail in their
n fines for the traffic tickets they got
rt. \ there.They pass through Starke and .
# wonder if the infamous Florida State y.a
Prison,with its armed Y
:: .> tower guards
+., and razorwlre fences, is looming
just around the next bend.Then they
t ,4
hit an open stretch of road from II IIa
Starke to the county line, never
bothering to look back as they pass
signs pointing the way to Hamptonon
the left and Brooker on the right,
alt their thoughts focused instead on
., t :r z 1i / Mickey Mouse and Space Mountain.
t-j it nrt Few ever stop to wonder about the
r QI ,fir
y J residents of Bradford County,people
whose families have lived here for Jf
i _
Gf decades, people like Lonnie L. ____
Parker.Mr. ..*...107_Nw.k
Parker has been a fixture of On The Porch...
Brooker life for most of his 84
Born in southwest Bradford County Lonnie Parker, left, and his wife Vivian sit on the front porch of their
: New River lived In Brooker most of their
in home. Mr. and Mrs. Parker
1905, he has spent all of his life
r there. His moved lives before moving to New River to be closer to their daughter.
family to Sampson
4 J........,.. ._ .
when he
... A/II...' = -.J=:=ftnOC."' '" City was five and stayed
School... there for about 10 years. When he Mr.Parker married Vivian Sowellon one of the first volunteer firemen in
was 15,he and his family moved into June 8, 1929, and the two have Brooker and one of the first city
At the turn of the century, Bradford County furnished Valbrun Harrell. Nellie Ward, Virginia Edwards, Fay Brooker and became part of a grow- been happily married for 60 years councilmen elected to the Brooker
the families of lumber Industry workers with Andrews, Olga Ward teacher. Third row, from left ing farming community where now.When asked what the secret for City Council after Brooker was reincorporated -
schools like the Bradford School in Brooker. The Coy Edwards, Elma Edwards, Blanch Andrews, Ruth everybody knew everybody. their successful marriage is, Mr. In 1950.
stylishly dressed students in this 1916 photograph are Ward,Georgia Edwards,Ruby Edwards,Geneva Har Parker replies, "The best can tell here's been a lot of change in
from bottom: First row from left Lloyd Barry, Guy rell. Fourth row.from left Sebber Edwards,Summer "Back then, you knew who you're you is to eat a lot of over-brown the county,"he said."There are lots
Ilarrel, Phillip Ward, Ercelle Edwards. Shelton Ed- Edwards, Harry Edwards Alvin Raborn, Malcom neighbor was/ Mr. Parker said. biscuits." more can and trucks. We've got
war<)' vY eonrt row. from left Harley Andrews ,larrell.L "It's a different day today" Mr. Parker has been a kind of good roads. Back then none of the
.. .... roads
and if the river
L jack-of-all-trades most of his life. were paved
..1. :'."y. ..- ;;". ..:..H-. : Mr. Parker Is the youngest of a (Santa Fe River) got real high we
blended family.His father,EdmundC. "I was raised a farm boy then we couldn't cross it. New River was the
got married," he said. 'Then we "
e. "Bud" Parker, married Martha same way.
Dixon Stokes after his first wife farmed, I worked in the tung oil Mr. Parker said he and his wife
M ,died.Both Edmund Parker and Martha plant,then the grocery,then barber- have a lot of memories, good and
Stokes were widowed and had ing." bad. Things have changed so much,
children from their first marriages. During the Depression, Mr. he said, Tie isn't very optimistic
Lewis After they remarried, they had two Parker sold insurance to get throughthe about the future.
more children,the last being Lonnie lean years. "We've seen some good times and
Parker. bad times he said. "Now I'm
"We came through all of it," he afraid they're headed for a lot of bad
His father, Mr. Parker said, said. "A lot of people had to have times, with the crime and
enlisted in the Confederate Army help. They were hard times." everything today. It was different
Timber Co. ;during the Civil War and fought in Mr. Parker was also a Sunday when I was growing up. You didn't
the Battle of Olustee, one of the last school superintendent for 19 years have to think about locking the door.
I Confederate victories. before becoming a preacher.He was But you better lock it today."
U.S. 3O1 South Starke

964-6871 z' trl


,. \ ,1 ,x 1. a
1 K rNS Y t /l : 'V'f :P !



: : 1 + !

: .' .

t tJ

Lewis Timber

i\\: ..... i
hasoperated :mf* M.! I' .'
Company ("! 1; '
.... .,:\\ 'Ir\: :. \f 1:1'11'Jj !:,; ..""o. ,;, i
'.,,;' '.'J'p' \ i'i !"
., \ ._.. _
; !','i"I!':Qc'il : ,,.. ,.......>
a ',-"II'\\;r'J"\" .:;. t'f ,_.
111' .
., ":1.<<(, ,.'.. t

\ :.1'I:' : :;'.' ; _
successful timberbusiness

.... ,;

in Brooker or Ward City?

While the description at the top of this old postcard reads "An everyday scene at Ward City,"the back Is
postmarked Brooker.

Bradford County ----

44 Joan's asl ions
for over years. . .

F .N}$rr' rr. The Finest in Ladies Fashionsin

Malcolm started the business in the Winn-Dixie Marketplace Starke


Right after the Big War, .Lewiswas I ,

doing business with cross-cut : Matches the. outfit to the woman I I I ." ,:' :!;..: 1. (:

saws and back-breaking manual :

loading of timber on trucks.Well Shop the finest :
ladies fashions in our i J,
the horse are gone. '.
1 1W friendly atmosphere.

< 1 ---r CLj -I S

EDDIE LEWIS is carrying I : Our fashions personify S S.

t the woman you are or
on a very modern
want to be!

harvesting operation. We

appreciate your patronage for the t Brand names tt

past 44 years and hope to serve t at reasonable

your future needs. If you have prices -- ,'. .
I ; if

trees for sale let us talk to you.TZMBE f J JI '

.. .. I ..
I 'f' Wr, .alt .1 ii.UOtb ii. 1I 1
I : Mastercard

I' ,,,,, 4'rt, ,',pli. P .. .' .. ')-, Visa ,' 'A
"- on ,tI t.. t ., Lav.A.Wav
:Mn' h :# '. ': Welcome: i
J St'ke; 964-6871 t{ .i 'Jtt' : .. ,., rft ,,.4. .w\( .
Hwy 301 South :!.fqiY > ';<\:..jPAI ;,,-;;-,' \ .. 964-7651.



- -" ----- ._ - .. ...--- --- - ... --....- .. ------- -- :-- .. ... = --- ....,"' '; ....---

.. .. .. ''
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-- -- ---- -- -- -- ---
-- ----- -- -

I Rev. Jim Strickland, 'The Wilderness Preacher'Remembers "

Log Schoolhouse at Kingsley Lake

would you believe that the earliest -- .,
settlers of Kingsley Lake almost 150
years ago,made their own thread on Legend of NameAs
a spinning wheel and then wove it into Told by Strickland
cloth on their hand looms? The
mother and housekeeper of the family During the Indian Wars, at'r ,
was also the tailor and '' young calvary officer was surrounded J ,
seamstress, making the men's r rtf ; on three sides by .' ,
clothes as well as the children's and hostile Indians on a trail along f ,
her own. She also made soap for the south side of the lake. Ills ',lliIo( >
washing clothes and children, using t s ride means of escape was to ,' '
for ingredients the lye made from his horse into the water k-- i
oak ashes, scrap fat meat and waste H and let It swim across the lake -
with the officer astride. After "i'
grease. ," -. ,
The women also ground their grits coming ashore about where ) ;.

and meal with hand-stone grits ___________ F the Kingsley Lake Cemetery 'i: .
mills, and rice, still in the husk,was r Is today, the horse dropped : '
cleaned in a mortar, made by burn dead of exhaustion, and the tn1If
ing a hole in the end of a black gumor lake was given the name of the j.
live oak stump. All char was young officer Captain
cleaned out and the duller fitted into n Kingsley.
the mortar box, which worked like r v'T'g
the well sweep used to haul up heavy
buckets of water from the family ...- .-.-
well. .:cf
These and other fascinating facts manpower, usually with five men to them to church, for churches in 1t\ 0
were given to The Telegraph by Rev. the bargeone at the"shuffler" and those days were far apart, and re-
James Levi (Jim) Strickland in two on each side with the oars. The quired traveling through dense cared for his own orange gi use aim .. .
notes dictated to his wife, Bessie, shuffler was a broad, short paddle- wilderness to get there.In truck garden; Mr. Flood whose pro- .t..\.
who was the paper's Clay Hill cor- shaped piece of wood used for mov- perty was later bought by J.F. -
respondent for many years. ing the boat along Black Creek when Kickhter of Starke, and was known -
Jun was a self-styled "Wilderness there was not room for oars for years as the "Old Kickhter "'" .
Preacher" who is credited with the early days there were three Place". Mr. Sassee, from Hamburg, 1.. .. "
organizing and pastoring 32 rural Most ships at that time were pro post offices at settlements aroundthe Germany; Mr. Hefford from Ohio; :.a _
churches In the area. He was born at pelled by sails, but in the narrow lake. The one on the north bide, L.C. Weathers of Boston, and Mr.
Kingsley Lake, the son of Simeon creek from Middleburg to Doctor's where the Stricklands settled, was Thrasher of Rochester.
Strickland, a Carolina farmer, who Inlet, the men often used long polesto named Kingsley. On the south bide On the South side of the lake was
settled there in 1859, and built a log push against the banks and Keep where the big Sundell Orange Grove the Sundell Grove, near the villageof 'The Wilderness Preacher', Jim StricklandStarke's
house about where Townsend'sMotor the htirgc in the run ol' It I.i, I k 11.k was located, there was a village witha Lakeview. It was owned by a
Court is today. He was the lot of activity.. Its post office was Swede named Sundell, and was the
brother of Alonzo Strickland who The old-fashioned muzzle-loading named Lake view, And on the west largest grove on the lake until killed
bought extensive lake front property shotguns went along with every load side, at some distance from the lake, by the freeze during the winter ol
and operated Strickland's Landing of cotton "just in case". These guns was Ionia, with a post office of the 1894-95.
until his death when it was taken were loaded from the muzzle, at the same nr1e. The late Dave Woodardwas After the freeze, orange groves
over and expanded by his son and far end of the barrell.! Powder horns rnail carrier for all threeon were abandoned and farming declined
present owner, Frow. were carried around the shoulders horseback of course. After Woodard around the lake. About 1899 Comer
with the "charger" (used to evenly retired, Mr. Sydboten became car L. Peek of Starke bought a large i
Each family raised most of its load the gun) fastened to the powder rier, with John Tyre as relief, until tract of land on the west side of the
food in garden plots or small farms, horn The shot pouch hung from the the post offices were finally closed lake from I.C. Webb,a teacher in the
and all meat and lard was home shoulder with the powder horn. after the Big Freeze in the 18'JO's. Kingsley school and also one of the
grown and home butchered. Coffee Guns were taken along for safety Besides the Sticklands set early owners of The Telegraph. Col.
was bout "in the bean" while still for there were numerous bear, wildcats tlers on the North side of the early lake included Peek subdivided the and
parched and ground in panthers, wolves, and all kind Mr and Mrs. Strong and many Starke residents bought lots
hand mills which were a fixture in of wild animals the for
on prowl. Almost all from summer cottages. w-
M.W. Ordway, a carpenter
every kitchen Most Jim Strickland done everyone had his gun named, suchas Nova Scotia, Canada; Mr. Ladd, a There was no development on the
cooking was on
and Old Belch, Ole Takum, Ole merchant and operator of the only east side of the lake,probably due to
the fireplace, winter summer,
Getum, and various other names mill the at that time. He the lack of roads until the
saw in area access ,
for the luxury of wood burning When the men went out to hunt cattleor : :
sawed lumber for most of the early property was acquired for a National iir
There -
cookstoves was still to come.
hogs they always took their trusty
homes around the lake. Also W.G. Guard camp prior to World
was no scarcity of meat since deer, old
also carried
gun along. They
(Bill) Starr, a crippled man who War II.
wild animals
bear, and other were
found in abundance and there was no
law against killing them. All early I ,!}. !
settlers owned hogs and cattle, and }, ,
could butcher their own any time ; 'r.. -

meat was needed. ,4-. :f''J"

There were no regulations or First Mayor Drowned in Kingsley
licenses required for fishing. This Dr. J.L. Gaskins, a prominent Starke physician who was elected
was not in Rev. Jim's notes but his mayor when the town was Incorporated in ISIS, is pictured here in derby
nephew, Frow, recalls how his uncle hat and frock coat, on the beach at Kingsley' before the tragedy that
after leaving the lake to live afr took his life.
CI"')' 1.1111 )I{) ...r W9fa .,,. Dr. Gaskins and his tons had built a can\as-cotcrcd boat (perhapsthe
times during the year, when in one shown In the picture and took It out in deep Hater for u trial. i}
"signs" were right, and spear 'The boat capsized and Dr. Gaskins, who could swim, is believed to
enough bream and other fish to teed have died in the water due to a heart attack.liirp .
a regiment. Frow's Job as a boy was
to carry the kerosene torch, lightingup
the area around the boat so the
fish could be clearly seen for some ; YtH 'r d Sr
distance. The lake was much 4 t
cleaner in those days and the sand
bottom was almost as clear as Silver r
Springs.But -.....

getting back to Jim .
Strickland's notes:
The first school house at Kingsleywas
made of logs and sat about --
where the Kingsley Lake Baptist "
Chuch now stands.The building was
also used for church services. It was A
one room with homemade benches, BLANDING
with no backs, and no place for "'
books. The floor was made of "pun .. ; ..... 9ILV138 DOLLAR' r
cheon"split logs, hewed down -: -:
smooth, with the flat side up. The LAKE
school term was just three months
long and taught to the fourth grade First Public Beach
only."But the students learned their
lessons better, and subjects were Anderson's Retreat sajs the sign nil this fancy bath IIUIIM- with timer. .t'IIf.I also 44
more complete than now," Jim advertises Hoover Brothers Studio, who made this 1,11'1111'1'Odl'I'M"" '.. KHrrut was _
Strickland said. located about where the George('ani>\u home is today.Ir: ,\n<'lcrsi'n also had nil extensive L.
grape vineyard and wa IInh'ellli the oid 41,1'! fur Ins >-\\llritl unie.. ,
Cotton was one of the cash crops in
those days, and had to be hauled in
on ox carts to Middleburg and load- It's Round Like A DollarAt 1 1fir.
ed on boats for transportation to ( right) Kingsley was nicknamed "Silver Dollar ljik b> llji-ro pus+hig over
Jacksonville, since there were no Camp Blanding because of Its perfectly round KIIIIIII'IIIIII| Iti+Iening siherl water. It is .
other means of transportation at believed to be perhaps the olt highest lake in Florida Mine it U perched on
.j cotton was loaded were driven by -

Dr. A.L. Scott has received 1
machinery for a sugar mill which he
Back The will erect on his place in North I
linpeTo Starke. The machinery consists of a '
cane mill, a first class evaporator,
CI1ATA1N'c'J and all other necessary equipmentfor i
5 a No. 1 plant. Dr. Scott will have ,
> an era whenentertainment If; the mill ready to turn out a fine 4
grade of sugar by next fall.-1898. .;
& Gif t !
meant an evening SCHOOL GOES MILITARY .C

.at home with your Starke is Retting patriotic over the i
JvT gattery, inc.aCSt.Starfa war with Spain. We hear that the ,.;
stereoptigan young men of Bradford High School :.j
rlN. ?! 32091 view-master). are organizing a military company 'I
( s-. and will start drilling soon. Let the 'I

Formerly Bullington's Studio good work go on.-1898.

Owned and Operated by Evelyn Chastain THEFLORIDA CLERK GETS. .RELIEF 1

TWINTHEATRE Nearly all of the merchants have
Since October 1984. signed the petition to close the stores
at 6:30 p.m., starting June 1. We :,
hope they will all sign, as we sympathize )

Gifts of Fine Jewelry Gold Pieces & 301 DRIVE-IN stay in with the stores the clerks so late who these have hot to )

Diamonds Bridal Registry nlghts.- 9

& Unique Gifts are what Chastain's_ features,for offer the same entertainment; has been since 1888.'J I

the theatre was,built in 1941. Admission was I

your satisfaction. 600 for adults and 350 for children with STAGE DOUBLE LAWTEY TEAM OF RUNAWAY HORSES3 l Sj I i

refreshments as low as 60 each. Prices have Sunday afternoon Col. VJ. Ship- J-J I

changed, of course, but the Florida Twin man's double team became frighten-- I

Chastain's Jewelry &'Gift Gallery extends a Theatre and 301 Drive-In have the same great ed pletely near Lawtey demolishing and ran his away handsome com- *;: I

the County entertainment, way back then. Join them were Col.Shipman and family -:
sincere congratulations, after the Celebration and relax in the cool buggy at the time, but :?' I
succeeded In escaping unhurt. Mr. 5-
dedicated service.
Telegraph for 110 years of comfort of one of the two screens now available. Brooks Shipman Jumped on a horse ? I
and ran the team down, having to *: i
cut them loose from the harness. ..
Vickie Sparks,Owner/Operator/ 1886..

,' ., .. 1_" '.0",..", -,> ,. I.

? .. ... "II .", l' -..-.. ..' I
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HAt.b;TWELVE Section Four -

Lonnie Parker: A Look Back .

by Sue Ellen Smith _
t BCT Staff WriterThousands -- a tC f1 5 5H

f t through Bradford of County tourists on US-301 pass *

( every day,all headed for the tourist
c mecca of South Florida. They drive _
through a small town called cS
S. a I Lawtey _
: ; and a few of them will remember it _
weeks later when they mail in their
fines for the traffic tickets they got reff
there.They pass through Starke and
i ; wonder if the infamous Florida State
S V S Prison,with its armed tower guards
and razorwire fences, is looming _
just around the next bend.Then they
hit an open stretch of road from
: Starke to the county line, never
r: bothering to look back as they pass
signs pointing the way to Hamptonon
the left and Brooker on the right,
rS their thoughts focused instead on
Mickey Mouse and Space Mountain. Li! .
S SS r r' Few ever stop to wonder about the _
i h residents of Bradford County,people __
t// .: whose families have lived here for PF
Parker.decades, people like Lonnie L.

/ k Mr. Parker has been a fixture of On The Porch... -IIf---
Brooker life for most of his 84
Born in southwest Bradford County Lonnie Parker, left,and his wife Vivian sit on the front porch of their
r in 1905, he has spent all of his life New River home. Mr. and Mri. Parker lived In Brooker most of their
+_..t..r.4Bradford there.His family moved to Sampson lives before moving to New River to be closer to their daughter.Mr. .
-- City when he was five and stayed
School... there for about 10 years. When he .Parker married Vivian Sowellon one of the first volunteer firemen in
At the turn of was 15,he and his family moved into June 8, 1929, and the two have Brooker and one of the first city
the ,
the families of century Bradford County furnished Valbrun Harrell,Nellie Ward,Virginia Edwards Fay Brooker and became part of a grow- been happily married for 60 years councilmen elected to the Brooker
schools like the lumber Industry workers with Andrews, Olga Ward, teacher. Third row, from left- ing farming community where now.When asked what the secret for City Council after Brooker was reincorporated -
Bradford School In Brooker. The Coy Edwards,Elma Edwards. Blanch everybody knew
Andrews. Ruth everybody. their successful marriage Is, Mr. in 1950.
stylishly dressed students In this 1916 photograph are Ward.Georgia Edwards Ruby Edwards Geneva Har Parker replies, "The best I can tell hero's been a lot of change in
from bottom: First row, from left-Lloyd Barry,Guy rell.Fourth row,from left-Sebber Edwards Summer "Back then, you knew who you're you is to eat a lot of over-brown the county,"he said."There are lots
Barrel Phillip Ward Ercelle Edwards Shelton Edwari'o Edwards Harry Edwards, Alvin Raborn, Malcom neighbor was, Mr. Parker said. biscuits." more cars and trucks. We've got
Scronrt row from left llarlev Andrews, Harrell. "It s a different day today." Mr. Parker has been a kind of good roads. Back then none of the
i" Ilr__ jack-of-all-trades most of his life. roads were paved, and if the river
Mr. Parker is the youngest of a (Santa Fe River) got real high we
blended family.His father,Edmund "I was raised a farm boy then we couldn't cross it.New River was the
C "Bud" Parker, married Martha got married," he hen we same way."
Dixon Stokes after his first wife farmed, I worked in the tung oil Mr. Parker said he and his wife
died Both Edmund Parker and Mar- plant,then the grocery,then barberIng have a lot of memories, good and
tha Stokes were widowed and had bad.Things have changed so much,
children from their first marriages. During the Depression, Mr. he said he isn't very optimistic
LewisfTiznbero After: they remarried, they had two Parker sold insurance to get throughthe about the future.
/H\ more children,the last being Lonnie lean years. "We've seen some good times and
Parker. bad times he said. "Now I'm
"We came through all of it," he afraid they're' headed for a lot of bad
His father, Mr. Parker said, said. "A lot of people had to have times, with the crime and
enlisted in the Confederate Army help.They were hard times." everything today. It was different
during the Civil War and fought in Mr. Parker was also a Sunday when I was growing up. You didn't
the Battle of Olustee,one of the last school superintendent for 19 years have to think about locking the door.
Confederate: victories. before becoming a preacher.He was But you better lock it today."
U.S. 301 South Starke ..

964-6871 -a r. i flt srsi'p1i tY'i, tr,rk ,,- .

1 .. ir F; s v *t SS' y k'h "r.Y ;:' ll'S a. ',+ "
I lY


.r.;; I... iitlaGCtats I r il l

.. .

Lewis Timber .' ',*;' 'h.-,"".:, ..111L

Company hasoperated 'J. r I ,

,. /, ... ".' '" 1L
a .. .. VffjTI :
:: .\\ "
; .. ,
fl "' _
'.' ', : i S
successful timber .

', _. u

business in Brooker or Ward City? .J

While the description at the top of this old postcard reads "An everyday scene at Ward City,"the back Is

Bradford County -postmarked---Brooker---'

for over 44 years. . i 5o an s. fashions

F tir fp : The Finest in Ladies Fashionsin

Malcolm started the business in the Winn-Dixie Marketplace e Starke


Right after the Big War, Lewis

was doing business with crosscutsaws Matches the outfit to the woman I I ,

and back-breaking manual "I I

loading of timber on <.Well, Shop the finest

ladies fashions in our
the horse skidders are gone. '.

friendly atmosphere.

w .xw.w .

EDDIE LEWIS is carryingon Our fashions personifythe

a very 'modern timber woman you are or

want to be!

harvesting operation. We ,

appreciate for the Brand V
your patronage names..s, ._ i

past 44 years and hope to serve at reasonable

your future needs. If you have prices,1

4 ..trees' for sale, let us talk to you. :
; 5 $aclUtett "' Mastercard

LEWIS 'Tctarapi I ,, : '., Visa
TIMBER M Of'Its LayAWayWelcome

22 QtZs 4nntraria
I .
Hwy 301 South Starke 964-6871 ? 964-7651 '

______'_ ... 'I.r r.l
---- -
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'.z- ,- -_.--- -- -- - -,--- .a.1.,-..v-_ - '-,-.-.r- -- -""- ",",,-- .- ,'.... .. -
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-- ---- ---- -- '
,*. IWS

-- ------ ----------- -

I Rev. Jim Strickland 'The Wilderness Preacher'Remembers "

Log Schoolhouse at Kingsley LakeWould

you believe that the earliest -. r
settlers of Kingsley Lake,almost 150 -------------I ,
years ago,made their own thread on I Legend of Name
a spinning wheel and then wove it In- w ____ As Told by Strickland
to cloth on their hand looms? The 44 ,
mother and housekeeper of the family 'I I During the Indian Wars, a t : ,
was also the tailor and /, i'f y '' a v" young calvary officer was surrounded r 3 y
seamstress, making the men's "w t 6U on three sides by
clothes as well as the children's and k s} hostile Indians on a trail along ,
her own. She also made soap for r.' tiir.Z the south side of the lake. His :
w 5' ;
washing clothes and children, using Y l' i' only means of escape was to 5 ,
for ingredients the lye made from K ) ride his horse Into the water :
oak ashes, scrap fat meat and waste and let It swim across the lake
grease.The with the officer astride. After _
women also ground their grits coming ashore, about where
and meal with hand-stone grits the Kingsley Lake Cemetery & w=
mills, and rice, still in the husk, was t' Is today, the horse dropped
cleaned in a mortar, made by burn- dead of exhaustion, and the .
ing a hole in the end of a black gumor r lake was given the name of the -..... .
live oak All young officer, Captain \
stump. char was .

the cleaned mortar out and box,the which huller worked fitted into like Kingsley. 5!!! f JA \ "

the well sweep used to haul up heavy ".: ... :
buckets of water from the family -!".

well. .
These and other fascinating facts manpower usually with five men to them to church for churches in -;
were given to The Telegraph by Rev. the barge-one at the "shuffler" and those days were far apart and re- :
James Levi (Jim) Strickland in two on each side with the oars. The quired traveling through dense cared for his own orange giuve anu
notes dictated to his wife, Bessie, shuffler was a broad, short puddle- wilderness to get there. truck garden; Mr. Flood whose pro-
who was the paper's Clay Hill cor- shaped piece of wood used for moving perty was later bought by J.F. -*
respondent for many years. the boat along Black Creek when Kickliter of Starke, and was known : !
Jim was a self-styled "Wilderness there was not room for oars. for years as the "Old Kickliter jPjJ
Preacher" who is credited with In the early days there were three Place". Mr. Sassee, from Hamburg, 11
organizing and pastonng 32 rural Most ships at that time were pro- post offices at settlements aroundthe Germany; Mr. Hefford from Ohio; b ..r
churches in the area. He was born at pelled by sails, but in the narrow lake. The one on the north bide, L.C. Weathers of Boston, and Mr. .* j lnf? ; ,
Kingsley Lake, the son of Simeon creek from Middleburg to Doctor's where the Stricklands settled, was Thrasher of Rochester -- '
Strickland, a Carolina farmer, who Inlet the men often used long polesto named Kingsley. On the south side, On the South side of the lake was =
settled there in 1859, and built a log push against the banks and keep where the big Sundell Orange Grove the Sundell Grove, near the villageof The Wilderness Jim Strickland I
house about where Townsend's (he barge in the run ol kl.r.! i I. '111 k was located, there was a village witha Lakeview. It was owned by a
Motor Court is today. He was the lot of activity. Its post office was Swede named Sundell and was the
brother of Alonzo Strickland who The old-fashioned muzzle-loading named Lakeview And on the west largest grove on the lake until killed
bought extensive lake front propertyand shotguns went along with every load side, at some distance from the lake, by the freeze during the winter ol
operated Strickland's Landing of cotton "just in case". These guns was Ionia, with a post office of the 1894-95.
until his death when it was taken were loaded from the muzzle, at the same nr 'ie. The late Dave Woodard After the freeze, orange groves
over and expanded by his son and far end of the barrell. Powder horns was tnail carrier for all threeon were abandoned and farming declin- IPAr
present owner, Frow. were carried around the shoulders horseback of course. After Woodard ed around the lake. About 1899 Comer \
with the "charger" (used to evenly retired Mr. Sydboten became car- L Peek of Starke bought a large H
Each family raised most of its load the gun) fastened to the powder rier, with John Tyre as relief until tract of land on the west side of the
food in garden plots or small farms, horn. The shot pouch hung from the the post offices were finally closed lake from I.C. Webb a teacher in the
and all meat and lard was home shoulder with the powder horn. after the Big Freeze in the 18UO's. Kingsley school and also one of the

grown and home butchered. Coffee Guns were taken along for safety, Besides the Sticklands set- early owners of The Telegraph. Col!
was bout "in the bean" while still for there were numerous bear, wild tlers on the North side of the early lake included Peek subdivided the property, and
parched and ground in cats, panthers, wolves, and all kind Mr. and Mrs Strong and many Starke residents bought lots _
hand mills, which were a fixture in of wild
animals on the prowl. Almost M.W. all Irom for summer cottages.
Ordway, a carpenter
every kitchen, Jim Strickland everyone had his gun named, suchas
Nova Canada Mr. Ladd a There
Scotia ; was no development on the
recalled. Most done
cooking was on
the winter and Old Belch, Ole Takum, Ole merchant and operator of the only east side of the lake, probably due to
fireplace, summer,
Getum and various other names saw mill in the area at that time. He the lack of access roads, until the r ? 4.
for the luxury of wood burning When the men went out to hunt cattleor
sawed lumber for most of the early property was acquired for a Na-
cookstoves was still to come. There
hogs they always took their trusty
homes around the lake. Also W.G. tional Guard to World
camp prior
was no scarcity of meat since deer old
also carried
along. They
Bill who .
( ) Stair a crippled man War!!
wild animals
bear, and other were
found in abundance and there was no T
law against killing them. All early '!L /tt+t -

settlers owned hogs and cattle, and : fr ,, a'ri;"; rt :
could butcher their own any time y ...
meat was needed. .. .., '" ,I
There were no regulations or Starke's First Mayor Drowned in KingsleyDr.

licenses required for fishing. This J.L. Gaskins, a prominent Starke physician Mho was elected
was not in Rev. Jim's notes, but his mayor when the town was incorporated in 1N7H Is pictured h'r..ln derby
nephew, Frow, recalls how his un- hat and frock coat,on the beach at Kingsli before the tragedy that ;
cle, after leaving the lake to live atjfaJftilkwiiHfP'jtifl .- .. -. ...., w ; y. took his life. .
...r tHTftm5RifiCflJUitimes : Dr. Gaskins and his lions had built a can'a -co\'crcd boat (perhaps
during the year, wen Lne, A the one shown In the picture and took It out In deep Hater for a trial. ,
"signs" were right, and spear 'The boat capsized and Dr Gaskins, who could swim Is believed to
enough bream and other fish to leed have died in the water due to a heart attack.
a regiment. Frow's job as a boy was
to carry the kerosene torch, lighting
up the area around the boat so the
fish could be clearly seen for some
distance. The lake was much
cleaner in those days and the sand '"
bottom was almost as clear as Silver

Springs.But "'c:

getting back to Jim ..
Strickland's notes: 3r i
The first school house at Kingsleywas
made of logs and sat about -
where the Kingsley Lake Baptist
Chuch now stands. The building was N1 _
also used for church services. It was i.
one room with homemade benches, .--- (
with no backs, and no place for ;
books. The floor was made of "pun- ;. : ., ,: .....- 9ILVSS DOLLASLAIE

cheon"split logs, hewed down 0: ._ ,.
smooth, with the flat side up. The _
school term was just three months l t'r
long and taught to the fourth grade First Public Beach
learned their
only. "But the students r
lessons better, and subjects" were Anderson's Retreat say the sign on this fancy hath house uilh timer. 'I'hi-sign also
more complete than now, Jim advertises Hoover Brothels Studio, who nude this |mtiiie. Anderson's. Helreal was i
Strickland said. located about where the George t'ano\ home is t'Hlay.1.: \inlnson. oho had 1m extensive
grape vineyard and was noted In the old l.i\s lot Ins I-MI'llenl unit*. :f b !
Cotton was one of the cash crops in
those days, and had to be hauled in 1
on ox carts to Middleburg and load- It's Round Like A Dollar ti ,
ed on boats for transportation to At right) Kingsley was nicknamed "Silver Dollar Luke" hfhrrit. passing over ,
Jacksonville since there were no Camp Blanding because of its perfectly round shape and .listening: "ih'rat..r.. II is
other meanS of transportation at believed to be perhaps the oldest and highest lake m Florida l since it i perched-d. on

_that time. The barges on which the Trail Ridge, a prehistoric formation of the peninsula I j I
cotton was loaded were driven by J
1 I
Dr. A.L. Scott has received d
a for a sugar mill which he
BaekTheTinc.machinery on his place in Worth f
U1fn machinery consists of a .1/
cane mill, a first class evaporator, .. '
tllA1N' ----r.; :. and all other necessary equipment i ij
for a No 1 plant. Dr. Scott will have :
To an era whenentertainment 'III the mill ready to turn out a fine :1
grade of sugar by next fall.-1898.

JeiueCry & Q ift i ; :.1
r meant an evening SCHOOL GOES MILITARY :4
at home with Starke is getting patriotic over the ::
S your
Battery, inc. war with Spain. We hear that the ;
3 stereoptiganviewmaster young men of Bradford High School

104'W. CattSt,Stare ?C. 32091 ( ). s- are and organizing drilling a military Let the t

Formerly Bullington's Studio THEFLORIDA good work go on.-1898. Yo'

Chastain *
Owned and Operated by Evelyn CLERK GETS RELIEF

TWIN Nearly all of the merchants have
Since October 1984. signed the petition to close the stores :
at S:30 p.m. starting June 1. WeSJ
THEATRE hope they whjl all sign, as we sympathize -;;:
with the clerks who have to ?y}
Gold Pieces
Gifts of Fine Jewelry & 301 DRIVE-IN stay In the stores to late these hot .

Diamonds Bridal Registry ,

& Unique Gifts are what Chastain's features .for offer the same entertainment; has been since

the theatre was,built in 1941. Admission was : I

your satisfaction.. 600 for adults and 350 for children with STAGE DOUBLE LAWTEY TEAM OF RUNAWAY HORSES r-

refreshments as low as 5
changed, course, but the Florida Twin double team became frighten f"

Chastain's Jewelry &Gift Gallery: extends a Theatre and 301,_ Drive-In have the same great ed pletely near Lawtey demolishing and ran his away handsome,com- <.,- '

the County entertainment, way back then. Join them newbuUY.CoI.Shipmanandfamily!
to Bradford
sincere congratulations, after the Celebration and relax in the coolcomfort were Inthe buggy at the time, but r t2"I I
succeeded in unhurt. Mr
Telegraph for 110 years of dedicated service of,one of the two' screens now available. Brooks Shipman escaping Jumped on a horse I

\ and ran the team down having to i
cut them loose from the harness.- I '
".5 ? Vickie Sparks,Owner/Operator 1898. !

,,- -

,\t.ilktx'zu .':;
0/.1.ut"3tik,. ;.r r. o.6'", +yht"

\. ? T V '

PAGE FOURTEEN.Section Four -
AUGUST 10,1989

American Legion Sponsored First Fair; ._ ,First American Legion Log Hut

I ____ ; '-
Also _. r. '.
Scholarships, Boys State and OthersAmerican \

Legion Post 56 was Strawberry Festival opened here on
organized May 12, 1930 and named in April 19, 1934, under Legion sponsorship benefit the community. It continues I
honor of three Bradford County and attracted statewide attention to sponsor two young students to I II
"Dough Boys" who died in 1918 to Starke. Boys State in Tallahassee each year,,
while serving in France during the and Legion awards are given to four

first World War. The organization A crowning achievement of the outstanding eighth grade students a1 I
meeting was held in the old Bradford Post in 1938 was the construction of a and at the county school annually,as s
County Courthouse with the electionof new Legion hall and community well as to two Seniors at BHS, and
A.J. (Arch) Thomas Sr. as post center as a WPA (Works Progress this year the Post set up a scholar-
commander, and N.D. (Noon) Wainwright Administration) project with an ship fund of $800 per year to Santa
; Jr. as Post adjutant. estimated cost of 8000. It was builton Fe Community College for a worthy -
a lot just west of the Christian graduate of BHS. Applicants may
'limes were tough in those early Church on W. Call St. and apply by contacting Post Commander
was also

although years of dues the were Big set Depression at only$3 and an- Scouts used as and a meeting other organizations."We place for the. Boy Adjutant Charles Al Rodrique.Schaefer or Post Kiwanis Club Heads Special Olympics

nually many members did not have needed activities Include By David L. -
a large coffee pot, con- Dodge
the three bucks to spare. But thatdidn't Smith tributing to the Ministerial Every Tuesday at The club was officially
recalls, "but naturally the Alliance noon a group of organized District Governor
keep them from joining by Post didn't have any money for sucha of Starke"Just Say No To Drugs"campaigns local business and professional men July 24, 1979 at a dinner meeting at and Thomas J. Dean,
paying their fees with a ham a Special and women the Western Steer Steakhouse with pledged "to carry out our
luxury item. Someone saw an Olympics, Band meet at the Western
gallon of syrup, a couple of chickens, advertisement that all we had to do Boosters, and various other civic Steer Steakhouse for lunch. To the some 20 local business and professional responsibilities of service to our
or some other products which could to the coffee maker groups.For casual observer, it men in attendance. community that we have all
be get was to sell 23: would probably volunteered to take "
used for Post suppers. quarts of imitation vanilla flavoring many years the Legion has seem to be rather informal, and in Final steps In the club's organiza- As on.
that 1956 Smith, a member, recalls at $1 per quarta lot of money in Memorial taken the lead in promoting fact in many ways, it is. There is tion were directed by Bill Gephart, work that the Starke by Kiwanis outstanding Club
an attempt was made to Day and always field service
those days. After the membership Day an undercurrent of voices as representative of has
accomplished the
raise dues to$5 a year, and the Post observances. Since the friends chat and Kiwanis International who Special
had organization ,
dug up enough money to buy the swap stories while explained Olympics program in Bradford
promptly lost half of its member 25 quarts, we all felt pretty proud of of VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars) waiting for lunch to be served. the functions of the various officers County, and other with
ship. Most of them came back later, ourselves, some members even unit a year ago, it was decided that As each person arrives, he or she and the methods of administering both handicapped and programs
however. splurging with than the new group would head goes among the the club, and carrying young people
more one quart. up group shaking this group has not strayed from that
"Also in 1956 we decided to move But Memorial Day activities, while the everyone's hand. Of out its community service
our pride was deflated when our course, if one pro- original goal and responsibility.
the old log building which was the wives informed us they didn't like to legion would continue with the forgets to shake the hand of the person grams. The club has grown in other
Post home areas,
at that time to the Veterans
new Day observance. who, for that
use imitation day, has too
flavoring anyway, been and last year the Starke
fair grounds the Legion had just pur- Smith said. The three soldiers who gave their chosen to levy fines,well,the"club" Kiwanis, in keeping with the
chased, where the County" Cour- Post 56 sponsored the Bradford lives in World War I, and for whom has another quarter in its treasury. organization, voted national to-
thouse is located Smith the "
now is
says. named The
County Fair for several were: referred to is the welcome women members.
years on The club
"The house mover got his rig stuckin property which was sold to the Coun- Lt. Ray White, of Starke, who was Kiwanis Club of Starke, which has has already inducted two women-
the middle of Call Street for ty in 1968 for $50,000. The Fair had killed in action in 1916 while leading been meeting once a week now for Linda Patrick, Senior Loan Officer
several days, blocking traffic on the grown so large by then that it was his troops in the battle of St. Michiel about ten years. In addition to shar- at Florida Federal Savings Bank in
highway while we netotiated with a decided to charter a Bradford Coun- in France. ing lunch and friendships they bring David S. McCampbell, mental Stark! > and Anita Rink, Executive
property owner who had a small tree ty Fair Association to take over the Pvt. Willie J.Jones,also of Starke, in a speaker from the business, health counselor of Starke, D -e..tor of the Starke/Bradford
in his yard that was in the way. He project and move to the present fought with the 7th Field Artillery social service and/or political world elected to be first club president was Cli/,, 'niJf>r of CO'nmerce.
finally agreed to let us dig up the and died while fighting in to help the members maintain their and addition
fairground site near the Farmers Cantigny, other officers elected at this to the charter officers
tree, pay him $50, move the buildingon Market France. awareness of the changes time an directors
on North U.S. 301 on-going were vice president Thomas named above, other
past, and replant the tree. Pvt. Neil Langford, of Lake in our society. They are Gumber ch .rf >
One of the The Legion used part of its money a group secretary Gene McDowell, r members were: Jimmy
earliest meeting placesof from the property sale to build a Butler, fought on several bat- dedicated to community service, and treasurer Darrell O'Neal, all of r..iw Jack Bowman, Gordon
the Legion was the second story of home on Edwards Road which is tlefronts, including the French with major emphasis on helping the Starke.. Da&hrr, Steve Denmark, Eddie
a brick building on E. Call Street regions Chateau Thierry handicapped and the Douglas,
still in use and was enlarged with and young Reggie Flynn Ronald
above the Denmark Furniture Co. It an Soissons, where he lost Plans for this new club had been Hildrith
addition in 1968 to provide seating his life. Of course, the Starke Kiwanis Andy Jordan, Robert T.
was there that the Post sponsored a for 125poe ple. Post 56 and its Auxiliary invite and Club didn't just "happen". In fact started in February 1979, and Lee, Bob Milner, Scotty Rhoden,
series of boxing matches under the A Ladies Auxiliary was formed in urge all eligible men and women to very hard working and dedicated a 20 members times met informally some 15 to Jack Stanley, and Bill Wilson,Jr. At
direction of Carl Prevatt of Lawtey. join their before the final the
organization and organiza- present time
this same year with an active participate group of men put the whole tion. Denmark,
program thing The
It also sponsored a Christmas tree in its Charter Night Banquet
activities. The together. was Douglas, Milner and Reggie
including sending a girl to attend post The announcement held Flynn
for underprivileged children in the Girls State meets on the second and fourth made in the was September 13, 1979 and was at- are still active in the club.
each year in July 26, 1979 edition of tended by
county, but money became so tight Tallahassee, and also Tuesday night of the month. The the Bradford more than 100 Kiwanians, Current officers of the club are
during the depression, the Girl Scout Troop and other sponsoring a popular "Coffee Club" for members under County Telegraph community leaders, and their Jerry Patton, president, Job E.
youth activities the ladies
and \ Kiwanis
Christmas tree had to be discon- guests White
usually meets each morning vice president; Kevin Smith
tinued. during the Club of Starke Organized At Dinner Club president David ; ,
Over the years Post 56 has week from about 9 to Meeting. McCampbell treasurer; and R.Tt. Wentworth,
con- accepted the
10:30 Charter
Bradford County's first tributed greatly to activities that welcome.a.m. Vistors are always from then secretary.
--- -

-FIRST-- 2( S !F02LT$$


964-8824 :;

DAY URBAN 111 S. t. HkM Upbeat Clothing .r F-zz.

for the .y


Smart Shopper \

'I.J s .. .
\ --- .-+.,,..-...--.-- ?"-, "'.'? I"T"W' ;,tJ", 11/ M
(1f-w.;' .
nw.n rum '\1/1
:;)'" ,
New -* ft \\
Clothes .
Arriving Daily to Spruce up the Average .robe.

I r, We have everything from handbags to little girls c .ng.

Accessories to compliment that "perfect" outfit can be foundat


1 L r

I 9:30 5:30 Mon thru Sat VISA Mastercard

Lay-Away Cash too!


In Its 51st Year '

A Part of Bradford County's

The Starke Rotary Club, Starke Rotary is also high in sup- a History.
of the k
national Paul
chartered 42 years ago, on Feb. 25, Harris 986 N. Ave.
1937,is the oldest civic luncheon club Fellowship Fund with 70 percent of Temple
In the city and has contributed greatly present membership of 58 being ,
to local betterment Paul Harris Fellows, named for the ,
programs, as
well as international projects, over founder of the Rotary organization. .. :
Starke Rotary also 964-7826 -
four decades of service to the com- leaders was one of the
munity.Starting. in its district in raising
out with 24 charter money for the Polio Plus fund drive r ,
members, the club has doubled its to eliminate Polio (infantile

one membership of the few over clubs the in years Florida, and that is diseases paralysis)around and other the world.children's The '' George & Scott Robert!

met its full quota of funds donated to Starke Club raised its full quota of

the worldwide Polio Plus drive to $18,000. AGENTS ,
eradicate this dread disease around important community projects 2
the globe. This is just one of the clude supported by Starke Rotary in-
FAD (Families
many projects by which the club Against
carries out its motto of "Service Drugs); Thanksgiving boxes for the
Above Self". needy (sponsored By Methodist
The Starke club was Women); four scholastic scholar- AUTO
promoted and
sponsored by the Gainesville Rotary ships for BHS students to Santa Fe HOME FIREBUSINESS

Club whose president at that time Community College; five scholarships
was Dr. Ballard for BHS seniors attending Vo-
Simmons of the
Tech School; assisting with con
University of Florida
faculty. LIFE
struction of a building for the
Charter members
were: J.W. American
Legion Post in
Brownlee dentist Reno;
; J.B. Carlisle, sponsoring Most
hardware retailer; D.P. Carpenter, Students Awards for Bradford Outstanding Mid-
pharmacist; L.F. Chapman, die School sponsoring

Prison superintendent; ;W.H.L.A.(Bill Davis) Florida Graham, building, State retailmen's supplies BMS'A'; and and for participation'B' honor in students recognitionof exchange at We Have A Company To Meet Your

programs foreign students.
store; L.A. Gray, Bus prin- One of
the main
cipal; W.H. Hart, retail furniture; community projects Individual Insurance Needs
of the club
is the
Dr. M.B. Herlong, physician; Carl Rural-Urban year annual
A. Knight, tax collector T. Day dinner which the

Manassa Landrum, ,motion attorney picture; ;Henry theatre A.; the club Bradford has held County on the Fair opening for the day last of ALLSTATE AETNA 0 CIGNA

25 It
Eugene L. Matthews years. attracts well over a thou- "
newspaper sand people each year and is a fund- AUTO .
tension publisher agent; T K.; C.McClane Howell Nasworthy, county ex-, raising event to help finance other OWNERS

retail grocer; W.P.Smith,stave mill the Rotary community. projects during
operator; Nat Sternberg, dry goods
February 1987, the Starke
tore; AJ. Thomas, Sr.,-clerk cir- Rotary Club celebrated its 50th Anniversary .
cuit court; N.D. Wainwright, Jr., with publication of a
fire Insurance; Harold C. Wall, life memorial booklet, and a special an-. STEVE KROLL TERRY GAINES '.
insurance; Jos.E. Wilson, real niversary program with District i (. "J. '
estate agent; and Rev. B.M. Montgomery Governor William L. Jennings, Jr., u,,
minister. as guest speaker. Two charter j "
Down through the y fears, Rotary members of the club, E.L. (Gene) .t c Your Specialist in a
has supported and contributed Matthews and the late Howell Your
generously to various youth Nasworthy gave reminiscences of .F Group LifePolicies Specialist in .
organizations and civic projects. their 50 years in Rotary.As w a;
During the current year, these con- the longest lasting civic men's ,1, Property Appraisals ,. .r
tributions have amounted to over club in Starke, Rotary has made a r'rt
20000. significant contribution to the com- a
For more than half a century the munity over the past half century t.
Starke Rotary Club has sponsoredand striving always to carry out its mot- ,
financially supported the local to of "Service Above Self." icn you have a question

Boy Scout troop, and recently completely Rotary Club officers installed in about When you need aprofessional
E renovated the Boy Scout Hut June for the 1989-90 club year are: Steve
on Pratt Street. It also contributes Orian Wells, president; Larry insurance,. a phone one call

generously to the local Girl SeoUL Noegel, vice president E.w. call away to take care of tells it all
i troop. Hodges, secretary; and Chris 964-7826
Anderson, treasurer. your needs. ,

'If ri i


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'r\ I r 1 i


AUGUST 10. leas -- 1

Starke Woman's Club Active in IPfr : 4. .

Civic Improvement ProjectsThe

Woman's Club of Starke ort
tradition is when cattle were still allowed to nucleus. The property on which the V
carrying on a of service
community that started roam at large. present library is located was pur- t"*
the In 1905
chased during the of
when a small group of women met Over the years the club has con- presidency Y ill
Mrs. J.W.Kincaid,who is still an ac- un
and organized a Mothers Club tributed to organizations -
"to many worthy tive member and in 0')
harmony and such March of Dimes Heart participant
promote cooperation as I
club at the loCO
projects of
many 92. WOMAN
age / S-clb
between teachers, pupils and Fund, Head Start, Child Abuse -
patrons of the school.! Prevention, Girl Scouts. CancerMother's During World War II the club was __ --- <
used as a USO recreation center for '
By coincidence this early club servicemen at Camp Blanding L rj' : 'II'l
in the old Starke
Institute the Club before the larger USO building was .t'-:
first high school housed in a two- constructed.In Jl/
story frame building that stood on
the same corner of Walnut and Jefferson Started in 1905 1972 the club building was com- an
Streets where the Woman's pletely renovated and a stage cur- ill
Club stands today. Was tain'was-made by club members. In I jib
1984 the kitchen was enlarged and 1)(1n
The club accomplished much in Forerunner to equipped to serve large groups.In :,
those first years, 19051913.Member-
ship grew and the first school librarywas Present the 1980s the club donated$1,000 10d
started with members each to the Bradford Association of
tributing books of their own. In con-1911 Woman's ClubFund Retarded Citizens and a Nursing .,- ------t o i 1 -*

the club was able to purchase fur- Scholarship fund at Santa Fe Com- ,a7riq
nishings for the principal's office, munity College. Members also spent

which was almost barren before that Veterans Day, Special Olympics untold) hours helping with the gigantic Southeastern States General the recycling program, salvaging video taped for public presentations. 'rte
time, and they used the room as and Hacienda Girls' Ranch. It "garage to help raise funds Federation honorable mention, anda glass paper and aluminum. The Mrs. Drivas has also composed oil!
for Santa Fe Center
a in Starke. Din-
their meeting place. Underprivileged has also sponsored the outstanding ner theatre have also been district citation for an outstanding club has also been commended by another song discouraging drug
children were provided with of Bradford School groups project. Annual sales have also of- Special Olympics for its dedicationto usage, which will be utilized this dl
sophomore High ,
the club for
sponsored by 12
years, fered their o'iiSl
necessary clothing and school books. who receives special leadership and Energy Conservation has been azaleas,annuals,and dogwood organization.The season.

By 1913, the club had 35 membersand training at a seminar in taught on kindergarten and first trees to the public at cost. Woman's Club was the scene Club members are of their .rI:!

it was agreed that the organization Tallahassee.The grade levels in the schools. For the past seven years the club of a recent gala presentation of a 76 year history as proud movers andriJ

should broaden its scope by local library also had its The club has worked through the has sponsored an Antique Show, song composed by Lavon Drivas and shakers" of the community. They T
reorganizing as the Starke Woman'sClub. beginnings in the Woman's Club years for the beautification of Starke with profits going for repairs; sponsored by Guy Andrews to revere their history and plan to con- nl
In the fall of 1914 the club was bwlding with Mrs. H.H. Young, the and received a Chamber of Com- various club projects; and of publicize the anti-litter movement.It tinue their efforts to make Starke a "is
received into the Florida Federationof first librarian, donating her per- merce award in 1987 for work com- charities supported by the club. was sung by 39 student singers more beautiful place in which to Woman's Clubs, and was honoredat sonal collection of books as a pleted on U.S. 301, which also won a Several members work daily in from county schools, and has been live. rra
state in Beach
a meeting Daytona n
this year. nil

In the spring of 1917, in order to nj

War help meet I on the the demands community of World, the United Daughters of ConfederacyFirst W.T. Weeks Chapter Named I fl'l I

vices organization to the American volunteered Red its Cross ser-, Organized Here in 1906Col. For Long-Time Court Clerk .Via

rolling bandages and making Is
and other for the c*
garments in service under supplies the The first "initial steps" for pointed a committee on credentials.At William Weeks federates '9'1
men leadershipof Theophilus were captured by Union
of United the next which will be
Mrs. A.M. Darby. organizing a Chapter meeting, .4 Z distinguished Civil War veteran, for forces and carried to Key West r'n
of the Confederacy in held Wednesday, the 14th, at 2:30:
Star whom the W.T. Weeks Chapter of where they were imprisoned in Fort }]
were taken February 9 1906 with Mrs. T.A. Knight, this committee United Daughters of the Con- Taylor and for six months. He 1"'
When the club resumed its local ladies 01the kept
number of of
when "a large will the credentials
pass upon
federacy is named, was born at was then on condition that 0'1
activities after the war in 1919,an ef-
town met afternoonin for and the
on a Tuesday applicants membership
Ellisville in Columbia County on he would not take uny&
fort was started to obtain the old up arms again '
February. roll of members will be made
up. 15 1838. Due later til ': '
school building from the School February to coun- regularly exchanged for a Union
Board for use as a club house. In An article in the February 9 1906 ty divisions, the area where he was prisoner of war. fit:
"It is the will be
probable Chapter
issue stated that born and reared became Bradford I
of The Telegraph
January of 1921, they obtained a named in honor of General Joe After writing to the Secretary of
99-year lease on the building and lot, Mrs.J.N.Jones (wife of a prominentlocal Wheeler." County in 1861, and is now in Union War, pleading for an early exchange
where the club now stands.A merchant at that time) was County, which was created by because "I am anxious to again
elected chairman of the meeting, Joe Wheeler was one of the dividing Bradford In 1921. enter the service," his wish was --
fund drive was started to turn after which the chapter was temporarily Southern heroes of the Civil War who finally granted and he reenlisted in
the old school into a modern club organized with the follow- distinguished himself as a Cavalry His father was Theophilus Weeks, Co. F, under Capt. Wm. H. Cone, at- 1 1
house, and luncheons and suppers ing officers: officer harassing Sherman's forces who was born June 3, 1800 in South tached to a battalion of Cavalry. He .
were served to raise money. Many Mrs. S.M. Crews, president.Mrs. during their infamous march of Carolina, later moving to Georgia, later fought with the 2nd Florida f !
local businesses and professionalfirms T.A. Knight, 1st vice- Atlanta devastation the through. Georgia, from and finally to Columbia County in Cavalry at the Battle of Olustee near i 3
supported the effort with president.Mrs. to sea.Early 1830, where he farmed on a large Ocean Pond in Baker County, the
generous contributions. The drive N.D. Wainwright, 2nd vice- scale and dealt extensively in largest battle of the war in Florida. i I
livestock.His .
was a success and in November 1922, president.Mrs. After the surrender of General I
the handsome new club house was F.H. Long, recording Chapter son,William T.,was reared on Robert E. Lee at Appomattox in I

formally opened. secretary.Mrs. Named for General W.T. Weeks the farm and educated in the coun- 1865, Lt. Weeks returned to his farm
Under the leadership of the presi- J.M. Alvarez, corresponding try schools of that time. Several and family in the Providence area I

dent, Mrs. N.D. Wamwright, the secretary.Mrs.. W.M.. Solomon treasurer. ,Joe WheelerThe years before his death, the elder west of Lake Butler. ..
Weeks became Tan invalid and the'
club developed the City Park property ....Mrs,_ !.N. Jones, historian."Mesdames "- ..." tiwtasnn.-e'' %
ons hurch Street,which was named -lf : -Historrr? wool*accurateiy.L should 1I8 .
In her honor. Civic projects were J.L. Gaskins E.S. depict the role of the South in events fell on the of his son. In
continued, such as a drive to "get Matthews, Clara Lane,T.A. Knight, Joe Wheeler chapter receivedits leading to the war that divided the 1859 William T Weeks went to San
charter on April 5, 1906. Amongthe Antonio Texas and Col. Weeks
the streets" in the days nation.
the cows and N.D: Wainwright were ap- the dur-
officers serving chapter enlisted for service with U.S. forces
ing its brief existence were: Education, which is emphasizedin when friction arose between the SixMonths
Presidents-Jennie Dixon Crews student scholarships for descendants Texas settlers and the Mexicans. He Spent

(Mrs. S.M.), Cornelia Peek Long, of Confederate veterans. joined the Texas Rangers and when

Pauline Bessent, and Mary O.Wain- Benevolent assistance throughthe the disturbance ended he was asPrisoner
WATER SYSTEM NEEDED wright. Lucia E. Alvarez served as Randolph Relief Fund,originallyto mustered out in 1860 and returned
Starke is healthy, but a good recording secretary, and Olive Rayas aid widows of Confederate home in December.It of
works with registrar. The chapter had 69
system of water pure veterans,
fresh water would improve this charter members.The work was a troubled period in the nation's War After
Patriotic service, including
healthy condition materially.-1898. W.T.Weeks 1590 UDC history with mounting friction
Chapter l
with veterans of all wars in
between the Northern and Southern
was organized April 27, 1915, and and homes, and bestowing Military states over the slavery issue and the Capture at
William T. Weeks
named for Col. a Crosses of Honor.
matter of States' The break-
distinguished Civil War Veteran, Rights. Cedar
who later was elected Clerk of the The UDC members also conduct ing point was finally reached,and in KeyLt.
services annually on Southern January 1861, Florida seceded from
Court for Bradford County, a position -
RICHARD'S SHOESDowntown he held for 32 years. Many Memorial Day, April 26, in honor of the Union, joining other Southern
states in defending what
members of the Joe Wheeler all Confederate veterans.In they con-
Starke sidered their
Chapter changed their membershipat 1986 the W.T. Weeks Chapter property rights. Weeks was elected in 1868 as,