Front Cover
 Trellising, fertilizing and...
 Climatic adaptation
 A simple key to the vines
 Index of common names

Group Title: Bulletin - University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Stations ; No. 188
Title: Ornamental vines
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00027222/00001
 Material Information
Title: Ornamental vines
Series Title: Bulletin University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station
Physical Description: p. 183-230 : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Mowry, Harold
Publisher: University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1927
Subject: Ornamental climbing plants -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by Harold Mowry.
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: Includes index.
Funding: Bulletin (University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00027222
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000923495
oclc - 18172860
notis - AEN4046

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
    Trellising, fertilizing and pruning
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
    Climatic adaptation
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
    A simple key to the vines
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
    Index of common names
        Page 229
        Page 230
Full Text

Bulletin 188 June, 1927

Agricultural Experiment Station



tV W

Fig. 11.--Bougainvillea, Florida's most popular vine.

Bulletins will be sent free upon application to the
Agricultural Experiment Station

P. K. YONGE, Chairman, Pensacola
E. W. LANE, Jacksonville
A. H. BLENDING, Leesburg
W. B. DAVIS, Perry
J. T. DIAMOND, Secretary, Tallahassee
J. G. KELLUM, Auditor, Tallahassee
WILMON NEWELL. D. Sc., Director
JOHN M. SCOTT. B. S., Vice Director and Animal Industrialist
SAM T. FLEMING, A. B., Assistant to Director
J. R. WATSON, A. M. Entomologist
ARCHIE N. TISSOT, M. S., Assistant Entomologist
H. E. BRATLEY, M. S. A., Asst. in Entomology
R. W. RUPrECHT, Ph. D., Chemist
R. M. BARNETTE. Ph. D.. Assistant Chemist
C. E. BELL, M. S., Assistant Chemist
HOUSDEN L. MARSHALL, M. S., Assistant Chemist
JACKSON D. HESTER, M. S., Assistant Chemist
J. M. COLEMAN, B. S., Assistant Chemist
O. F. BURGER, D Sc., Plant Pathologist
G. F. WEBER, Ph. D., Associate Plant Pathologist
J. L. SEAL, M. S., Assistant Plant Pathologist
ROBERT E. NOLEN, M. S. A., Lab. Asst. in Plant Pathology
K. W. LOUCKS, A. B., Lab. Asst. in Plant Pathology
ERDMAN WEST, B. S., Lab. Asst. in Plant Pathology
D. G. A. KELBEPT, Field Asst. in Plant Pathology
W. E. STOKES, M. S., Agronomist
W. A. LEUKEL, Ph. D., Assistant Agronomist
A. F. CAMP, Ph. D., Associate Horticulturist
HAROLD MOWRY, Assistant Horticulturist
G. H. BLACKMON, B. S. A., Pecan Culturist
M. R. ENSIGN, M. S., Truck Horticulturist
M. N. WALKER, Ph. D., Assistant Cotton Specialist
W. A. CARVER, Ph. D., Assistant Cotton Specialist
EDGAR F. GROSSMAN, M. A., Assistant Entomologist, Cotton Investigations
RAYMOND CROWN, B. S. A., Field Asst., Cotton Investigations
A. L. SHEALY, D. V. M., Veterinarian
D. A. SANDERS, D. V. M., Assistant Veterinarian
C. V. NOBLE, Ph. D., Agricultural Economist
BRUCE MCKINLEY, B. S. A., Assistant Agricultural Economist
H. G. HAMILTON, M. S., Assistant Agricultural Economist
OUIDA DAVIS ABBOTT, Ph. D., Head, Home Economics Research
LEONARD W. GADDUM, Ph. D., Assistant in Home Economics
W. B. TISDALE, Ph. D., Plant Pathologist, in charge Tobacco Experiment
Station (Quincy)
Ross F. WADKINS, M. S., Lab. Asst. in Plant Pathology (Quincy)
JESSE REEVES, Foreman Tobacco Experiment Station (Quincy)
L. O. GRATZ, Ph. D., Assistant Plant Pathologist (Hastings)
A. S. RHOADS, Ph. D., Assistant Plant Pathologist (Cocoa)
A. N. BROOKS, Ph. D., Assistant Plant Pathologist (Plant City)
STACY O. HAWKINS, Field Asst. in Plant Pathology (Miami)
J. H. JEFFERIES, Superintendent Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred)
W. A. KUNTZ, A. M., Assistant Plant Pathologist (Lake Alfred)
GEO. E. TEDDER, Foreman, Everglades Experiment Station (Belle Glade)
R. V. ALLISON, Ph. D., Soils Specialist (Belle Glade)
J. H. HUNTER, M. S., Assistant Agronomist (Belle Glade)
FRED W. WALKER, Assistant Entomologist (Monticello)

K. H. GRAHAM, Auditor.
RACHEL MCQUARRIE, Assistant Auditor


Ornamental vines are a necessary adjunct to complete land-
scape plantings, where buildings are included. Aside from the
attractiveness and desirability of their foliage or flowers, vines
can be used to distinct advantage for many purposes, their
habit of growth making them available for situations in orna-
mental plantings where neither trees nor shrubs can be effectu-
ally substituted. The proper use of carefully selected vines
tends to lend contrast and character and to supply a finish to
plantings that can be attained in no other way. Pleasing archi-
tectural lines may be accentuated by closely clinging varieties
which are occasionally clipped, or undesirable lines may be soft-
ened or obscured by the use of strong growing, branching varie-
ties. In many instances, a building without vines appears to be
set on and not among, nor a part of, the shrubbery which has
been chosen for the foundation plantings. This effect can be
overcome, at least partially, by the planting of vines, which
will tend to "tie" the building to the plantings about it, causing
shrubbery and building to appear as an integral whole rather
than as distinctly separate units.
Necessary but unsightly walls or fences may be transformed
into objects of attraction by utilizing them as trellises for the
growing of vines, many of which are ideally adapted to such
locations. It is not suggested that vines be used as a medium
for hiding or covering the unsightly. Such objects should be
removed entirely, but where this cannot be done, vines are a
last resort in an attempt to improve their appearance. The
trunks of trees are admirable supports for many varieties and
the utilization of them for this purpose should not be overlooked.
Of the many species available, there are some which will climb
or cling to wood, wire, stone, brick, or stucco, so that regardless
of the type of trellis, fence, or building there are vines entirely
suited to that particular support.
For Florida planting there is an exceptionally wide choice of
vines, not only for a given type of support, but among the vines
themselves there is a great variety in size, color, and general

The photographs, some of which were taken by Dr. A. F. Camp and
Dr. A. S. Rhoads of this Station, were made of plants, or materials taken
from plants, all of which were growing within the state. Mr. N. A. Rea-
soner and associates, of Oneco, have generously furnished information as
to many species and much material for photographic purposes.
-V "

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

appearance of both foliage and bloom. There is no month
throughout the year but has some vine in bloom in some portion
of the state. Most of the species are evergreen, which makes
them doubly valuable in that their beauty and utility are pres-
ent through the whole of the year. There are, however, some
deciduous sorts that, because of their striking bloom or other

Fig. 119.--Ficus pumila,

climbing fig or rubber, on walls of Florida Experiment Station
building at Gainesville.

very desirable characteristic, are worthy of space in many
Those parts of the state which are less subject to heavy frosts
are particularly fortunate in having climatic conditions which
will permit the growing, under out-of-door conditions, of many
species which are not known in more temperate regions, except
as greenhouse specimens. These species include some which
have very striking and unusual foliage and bloom. The less
common varieties are always a source of interest and favorable

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

comment and the opportunity of including them should not be
neglected in that only area in the United States where they can
be grown.


The propagation of most of the vines is not difficult and can
be accomplished by seeds, cuttings, or layers. The common
methods of propagation of each plant are included under the
discussion of that species.
Seeds.-If seeds are available, the increase of plants by this
means is probably the surest and least difficult when the grower
has no facilities for the rooting of cuttings. Most of the vines
listed will show so little variation in the seedlings that this need
be given little or no consideration. Ordinarily, the seeds may
be planted directly after maturity, but, as small seedlings are
quite susceptible to cold injury, some means of protection must
be provided in some sections if they are to be grown in the late
fall or winter months. Rather than plant in an open seedbed,
it is sometimes .better to plant seeds in flats. Such flats are
small, shallow wooden boxes, which are provided with a few
holes in the bottom for drainage, a convenient size being about
16"x24"x4". The planted flats can be exposed to full sun, in a
location protected from winds, during the winter months but
should have a light shade over them in summer. A fertile soil,
without commercial fertilizers, is used in filling the flats. The seeds
are covered with soil to a depth of 1/ to 1 inch, the depth vary-
ing with the size of the seeds planted. If flower pots are avail-
able, the seedlings, when an inch or two in height, should be
potted in small pots, later being transferred to larger pots as
they increase in size. They may be grown in this manner until
large enough to transplant where wanted. To insure maximum
germination of the seeds and vigor of .growth in the plants,
both must at all times be supplied with adequate moisture.
Cuttings.-Inasmuch as seeds of some of the vines are not
readily available it is necessary to resort to some means of
asexual propagation, as cuttings, to secure new plants. Cut-
tings are usually made of mature or hard wood of the previous
season's growth, although with many species softer wood will
readily develop roots. The cuttings are made in lengths of 4
to 6 inches, seldom longer. The upper cut is made just above
a node (point of leaf attachment) and the lower either diagon-

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

ally through or just below a node. In varieties having leathery
leaves a portion of the upper one or two leaves may be left at-
tached to the cutting. A sharp knife should be used that only
smooth, clean cuts will be made, as a cutting with ragged ends
may fail to form roots under the same conditions where one
cleanly cut will readily develop a good root system.
Clean, coarse sand is one of the best mediums in which to
root most cuttings. No fertilizers of any sort should be added.
Flats, as mentioned above, with pieces of broken pottery placed
over the drainage holes, are filled with damp sand which should
be firmly tamped with a brick or block of wood. A broad knife
or piece of glass can be used to open narrow but deep grooves
to receive the cuttings which are spaced so that they do not
touch and with about one-half their length exposed. The sand
is then firmly tamped about them. Enough moisture should be
supplied so that the sand is kept moist at all times. When
rooted, the cuttings should be transferred from the sand to
either pots filled with a fertile soil or to rows in a nursery bed
where they can be well taken care of until such time as they
have attained enough size to transplant to a permanent loca-
Layers.-Some vines which are very difficult to propagate
by cuttings may be increased easily by means of layers. To
propagate by layering the vine is laid flat on the ground, with-
out severing the stem from the roots, and the stem covered
at intervals with soil to a depth of several inches, leaving two
or three nodes exposed between each pile of soil. If the soil is
kept damp, roots will develop on the covered portions of the
vine. The stem can then be severed just below the newly
formed roots, each part making a new, well-rooted plant. To
induce root formation in some species by layering it is neces-
sary to partially cut through the stem at those points which will
be underneath the soil. If this is required, an oblique cut should
be made at a node, on the under side of the stem, at the time
of layering the plant.


Vines are usually at their best when they have an immediate
background and are seldom as attractive when grown as de-
tached specimen plants. For this reason, a lone trellis located
in the center of a lawn is not often considered as an object of

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

admiration, irrespective of how ornate the trellis may be, or the
desirability of the vine growing upon it. Trellises preferably
should be placed close to the wall of the building but in every
instance clear of the drip from the eaves. Low, vine-covered
trellises are in many instances used as very satisfactory substi-
tutes for hedges.
Regardless of the size or type of trellis, it is advisable to use
only the best materials in its construction as the later replac-
ing of a decayed or broken trellis without considerable damage
to the vines is a difficult if not impossible task. If of wooden
construction, cypress is probably the most durable material.
The underground portions of the posts should be well saturated
with a wood preservative and the parts above ground given at
least two coats of paint at the time of construction. If metal
is used, all parts below and above ground should be of galvan-
ized materials, as unprotected iron when exposed to the weather,
is in a comparatively short time weakened or destroyed by rust.
Vines from the open ground are transplanted with best re-
sults during the winter months, although potted plants may be
planted at any time of the year. In preparation for planting,
the soil should be thoroughly dug up to a depth of a foot or
more and, if quite sandy, the addition of some muck or com-
post is advisable. Stable manure, if well mixed with the soil
some time prior to the planting or later applied as a mulch, will
have no burning effect on the roots and will tend to maintain a
vigorous growth of the plant. Commercial fertilizers having
an analysis of about 4 percent ammonia, 6 to 8 percent phos-
phoric acid, and 3 percent potash, preferably with a part of con-
stituents derived from organic sources, and applied freely at
least twice annually should furnish satisfactory results. Appli-
cations of either guano, tankage, or steamed bone also will be
beneficial. Such fertilizers also will be suitable for other woody
Little cultivation is necessary after the vines attain some size,
other than keeping a small area at the base of the plants free of
encroaching grass and weeds.
Except for the purpose of keeping the vines within bounds,
little pruning is necessary. With some of the more vigorous
growing varieties the occasional removal of a portion of them
may be required, particularly if growing on buildings, as it is
possible to have too much vine growth on the walls of a build-
ing or over a porch. Such growth on the walls, when allowed

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

to grow at random indefinitely without pruning or clipping, will
in some instances cause a building to assume an unkempt or
undesirable bushy appearance. Pruning of the flowering sorts
should be done, with most species, shortly after the blooming

Fig. 120.-Solarumi Wendlandii, paradise flower.

period is over, as late pruning, with many, will remove the
wood producing the next season's flower buds.
Most of the vines will require a trellis or some like support
that they may climb by means of twining, weaving or attach-
ment by tendrils, the exceptions being the following species
which will cling unaided to the surfaces under which they are

Wood or Bark
Bignonia capreolata
Bignonia Unguis-cati
Bignonia venusta
Campsis radicans
Decumaria barbara
Euonymus radicans acutus
Ficus pumila
Monsterra deliciosa
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Pothos aureus
'anilla planifolia

Stone or Brick
Bignonia Unguis-cati
Campsis radicans
Decumaria barbara
Enonymus radicans acutus
Ficus pumila
Ficus villosa
Hedera helix
Hylocereus tricostatus
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Vanilla planifolia

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines


Owing to the difference in the minimum temperatures experi-
enced in the various portions of Florida, some of the less hardy
vines cannot be grown throughout all of the state. No line can
be drawn which will mark the exact northern range of a given
species for a definite period of time, as many factors other than
latitude will be the determining ones. Elevation, nearness to
large bodies of water, protection afforded by buildings and over-
hanging trees, and duration of the period of cold, as well as the
condition of the plant at the time the cold weather occurs, are
all determining influences as to whether or not the vine in ques-
tion can be grown indefinitely in a specific location. An ab-
normally low temperature would necessarily move the range of
absolute safety of some species southward even though those
plants had been grown in a given location for several years
without cold damage.
Vines, usually planted in close proximity to buildings, have
the benefit of such protection as a building or overhanging
trees will afford and are frequently less injured in such tem-
pered locations than are equally tender shrubs planted in a
more exposed situation. As the cold winds are generally from
a northwesterly direction the planting of the more tender varie-
ties on the south or east sides of a house may prevent, by the
protection from the wind thus afforded, the injury they would
sustain by full exposure.
Many of the vines, if frozen back to the ground level, will
make a vigorous growth from the roots with the return of
warmer weather. As the shape of the top is not of primary im-
portance, as with trees, the attempt to grow some of the most
desirable varieties in the cooler areas is well worth while, even
though they are killed back at irregular intervals.
In listing the species that follow, the plants have been placed
in three groups-hardy, semi-hardy, and tender. The tender
sorts, marked (T), are climatically adapted to only the warmest
areas, as from the vicinity of Jupiter on the east coast, to Punta
Gorda on the west coast, exclusive of much of the territory ly-
ing directly between. There are a few isolated, well protected
places outside of this area where many of the tender varieties
may be grown. The semi-hardy group, designated (SH), may
be grown in the territory south of a line extending across the
peninsula from Hernando to Volusia counties, excepting some

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

of the areas with a low elevation having little or no air drain-
age. Some few of the plants in this grouping are grown in well
protected locations which are considerably north of the arbi-
trary line as given. Those placed in the hardy group, marked
(H), may be grown in all parts of the state insofar as hardiness
is concerned.


In listing the vines which are available for Florida planting,
the species have been arranged under their botanical names,
with the common names following to avoid confusion, as so
many plants have several common names which are by no means
universally known or used. The name of each species is fol-
lowed by the name of the family to which it belongs, the com-
mon name or names by which it is known, symbols indicating
its degree of hardiness, and the place of its nativity. The
nomenclature as given by Dr. L. H. Bailey in his various publi-
cations has been closely followed in most instances.
Abrus precatorius L. LEGUMINOSAE. Crab's Eye Vine. Ros-
ary Pea. Weather Plant.
(SH). Tropics. A fast
S growing, twining v i n e
that can be used where a
comparatively dense cov-
er is wanted not to ex-
ceed 8 to 10 feet in height.
The leaves are pinnate,
there being 10 to 20 pairs
of small, opposite, linear-
oval leaflets which are ob-
tuse at both ends. These
leaves are very sensitive
to light changes, the leaf-
lets hanging vertically at
night or during very
Fg. 121.--Abras preatorus, crab's eye vine cloudy weather. The pea-
shaped flowers, varying from pale purple or rose to white, are
borne in pendent racemes. The very hard, glossy seeds, 4 to 6
in a pod, are scarlet, marked with a black spot. They are fre-
quently used as beads, but being poisonous, should be kept
away from children. Propagated by seeds.

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Akebia quinata Decne. LARDIZABALACEAE. Five-leaf Akebia.
(H). China and Japan. This Akebia is a slender, twining,
evergreen vine, climbing to a height of 15 feet, that has proven
well adapted for growing in the northwestern part of the state.
The compound leaves, on long, slender petioles, are made up of
five dark green, oval leaflets from J1 to 1 inch in length. The
fragrant, purplish flowers, from ,'% to 1 inch across, are borne
in slender-stemmed, axillary racemes, the blooming period be-
ing in March or early April. The plant makes a vigorous growth
and a fairly dense shade. Propagated by cuttings and seeds.
Allamanda cathartica Linn. APOCYNACEAE. (SH). South
America. The variety Hender-
sonii, commonly called golden
trumpet or Henderson Alla-
manda, is the one most gener-
ally planted. The large, elliptic-
ovate leaves, which are borne
in whorls, are glossy, thick and
leathery, and the bell-shaped,
waxy flowers, 4 to 5 inches in
diameter, are golden yellow, J.
with a blooming season that ex-
tends throughout most of the
year. The vine is very vigor-
ous and is well adapted for
growing on arbors or trellises.
Because of the large, attractive o
blooms and very green, glossy f a
foliage it is one of the most Fig. 122.-Allananda cathartica Hender-
popular vines for planting in so ii, Henderson Allamanda.
the central and southern areas. (Fig. 122.) The variety WIi!-
liamsii very much resembles the above but it is more dwarfed
in growth and has smaller flowers. Both are frequently grown
as shrubs. A. violacea Gard., a purple flowered species, also is
grown, but is rarely seen. Propagation is by cuttings.
Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. POLYGONACEAE. Pink
Vine. Coral Vine. Rosa-de-Montana. Corallita. Mountain Rose.
(H). Mexico. This is one of the most popular vines for planting
where a very fast growing, free flowering sort is wanted. The
light green, heart-shaped leaves are borne opposite on slender
stems. Small rose-pink flowers, borne in fairly large racemes,

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

are in evidence from early spring until winter. Unfortunately,
the vine has a very poor appearance during the late winter
months and can be cut back to
F the ground at this time with
good results. Climbing by
means of tendrils, it grows well
on fences or trellises and will
attain a height of 30 to 40 feet.
(Fig. 123.)
SA white flowered variety, al-
bus or albaflora, is also planted,
but it is not as attractive.
Propagation is by division of
the tuberous roots, cuttings, or
by seeds which are produced in
Fig. 123.-Antigonon leptopus, coral vine, Aristolochia macrophylla Lam.
Rosa-de-Montana, etc. (A. Sipho L'Her.) ARISTOLO-
CHIACEAE. Pipe Vine. Dutchman's Pipe. (H). United States.
The Dutchman's Pipe is a high-climbing, twining vine having
large, rounded or kidney-shaped leaves which afford a dense
shade during the summer months. If frozen down during win-
ter, the plant makes an early, quick growth from the roots the


Fig. 124.-Aristolochia, or Dutchman's pipe.

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

following spring. It is possibly best suited to the northern sec-
tions of the State. (Fig. 124.) Propagated by seeds.
Asparagus falcatus Linn.
LILIACEAE. Sickle thorn. (SH).
Ceylon. A heavy, woody, much-
branched, spiny climber having
small, fragrant, white flowers
in large panicles which are pro-
duced in the summer months.
The cladodes
(leaves) are
deep green, two
to four inches

4 I

Fig. 125.-Asparagus falcatus, sickle thorn.
in length and about 3/8 of an
inch in breadth. The plant is
fast growing, attaining a
length of 25 to 30 feet, but

being desirable for locations
where a somewhat coarse, vig-
orous vine is wanted. It
thrives in shade. (Fig. 125.)
Propagated by seeds.
Asystasia coromandeliana
*N e s s. (Justicia gangetica
Linn.). ACANTHACEAE. Coro-
mandel. (T). Ceylon and In-
Fig. 126. Asystasia coromandeliana dia. This plant does not attain
coro..andel. dia. This plant does not attain

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

a height of more than 4 to 6 feet on a trellis but is desirable
because of its free-blooming habit. The heart-shaped leaves,
papery in texture, are borne opposite on slender stems. The
5-lobed, funnel shaped flowers, in evidence through the greater
portion of the year, are a light blue or mauve in color and about
11/2 inches in length. (Fig. 126.) Propagated by cuttings or
Beaumontia grandiflora Wall. APOCYNACEAE. Nepal Trum-
pet Flower. Herald's Trumpet. (T). India. The Nepal trum-
pet flower, a massive vine, bearing large trumpet-shaped flow-
ers, is probably best suited only to such locations as heavy trel-
lises, pergolas, or large
trees, because of its size and
vigor of growth. The flow-
ers are exceptionally large,
being about 5 inches in
length and pure white in
color except for green vein-
ing within the tube. They
are borne in terminal clus-
ters in early spring. The
ovate, wa v y, light-green
leaves are somewhat longer
than the blooms. (Fig.
127.) Propagated by cut-
Fig. 127.-Beaumontia grandiflora, herald's Bignonia capreolata Linn.
trumpet. (B. crucigera Linn. Anisos-
tichus crucigera Bur.) BIGNONIACEAE. Cross Vine. Trumpet
Flower. (H). Native. A strong growing vine, climbing to
great heights on living trees by means of branched, disc-bear-
ing tendrils. It derives its name from the appearance of the
stem which, when cut transversely, shows a four-parted or
cross-like arrangement. The evergreen, oblong-lanceolate leaflets,
from 2 to 5 inches in length, are usually borne in twos. The tu-
bular flowers, yellow-red on outside, lighter within, are about two
inches in length and borne in clusters of 2 to 5. The season of
bloom is February and March. This plant is very desirable
for growing on large trees. (Fig. 128.) Propagated by cut-
tings of mature wood, or by layering.
Bignonia Unguis-cati Linn. (Bignonia Tweediana Lindl.)
BIGNONIACEAE. Cat's Claw Trumpet. (H). Argentina. An

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

evergreen, fast growing vine having slender stems and com-
paratively thin leaves. The leaflets, in pairs, are light green,
lanceolate, and from 2 to 3 inches -i n length.
The flowers, borne in profusion during late
March and April, are trumpet- s haped,
about 2 inches in length, and gold- e n yellow
color with deeper colored lines in the throat.
The plant clings ten-
aciously by means of
3-parted, claw like
tendrils, to either
stone, brick or wood,
making a fairly dense
covering within a
short time. (F i g.
129.) Propagated by
seeds or cuttings.
Bignonia venusta
K e r. (Pyrostegia
Senusta Baill.) BIG-
Vine. Golden Shower.
(SH). Brazil. The
flame vine is one of
Florida's most desir-
able evergreen
able evergreen Fig. 128.- Bignonia capreolata, cross vine.

ing an ex- / / ceptionally vigorous grower on a wide varie-


ty of soils and furnishing a wealth of striking
*bloom during the midwinter
months. It climbs by 3-part-
ed tendrils, and has slightly
angled stems. The light
green leaves are opposite, glab-
S rous above, 3-foliate, sharply
acuminate and about an inch
in length. The flowers, borne
in profusion in large, pendu-
lous, terminal clusters, are
tubular-funnel-form in shape,
bright orange in color and 21/
, cats clato 3 inches in length.

Fig. 129.-Bignonia Ungi

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

The vine clings to both stone and wood, climbing to great
heights, and during the season of bloom is a mass of brilliant
color for several weeks. A second, but lighter, blooming season
follows in early summer. Mak-
l ing a fairly dense covering, it
S is suitable for planting in near-
ly any location where a flower-
ing vine is wanted. It is some-
what tender but can be planted
up to the north-central portion
of the state. (Fig. 130.) Pro-
pagated by cuttings of ripe
S. Bougainvillea sp p. NYCTA-
GINACEAE. (SH). South Amer-
ica. The Bougainvilleas are
among the most showy and de-
sirable vines f or planting in
Fig. 130.-Bignonia venusta, flame vine, southern Florida, providing a
mass of bloom during the great-
er part of the year. The evergreen leaves are alternate, ovate-
acuminate, and bright, shiny green. The true flowers are in-
conspicuous, the showy part of the plant being the colored bracts
inclosing the small, yellow flowers. The plants can be grown
on arbors or trellises, train-
ed along wires or walls as a
hedge, or they may be se-
verely pruned and grown as
B. glabra Sanderiana, a
horticultural variety of B.
glabra Choisy., commonly
termed the Sander Bougain-
villea or Paper Flower, is
perhaps the most widely
planted. It produces a
wealth of purplish bloom,
but care should be exercised -
in planting this vine among
other flowering shrubs as
its color does not harmonize
F'ig. 131.- Bougainvillea spectabilis, great
with that of most of them. Bougainvillea.

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

The great Bougainvillea, B. spectabilis Willd., (B. Brasilien-
sis), has larger, more leathery leaves and also larger bracts of a
deeper color than does the Sander Bougainvillea but does not
bloom ordinarily over as long a period. This species is probably
the most vigorous climber.
The variety Crimson Lake,
introduced from Trinidad,
is the most popular. Its
"flowers," borne in pro-
fusion on both young and
old plants, are ex ce p-
tionally attractive. The
variety lateritia has bracts
of a brick-red
color, and lateri- _
tia rosea-speciosa
has bracts which
are pos-
sibly best
as being .
shaded to pink.
B. Lindleyana Hort.,
is a tall-growing type with
bracts varying in color
from light pink to crimson if
according to whether plant-
ed in shade or a sunny lo-
cation. B. refulgens Bull.,
the Shiny bougainvillea.
has pubescent leaves and
purple bracts. It is evi-
dently not as free flower-
ing as others of the same Fig. 132.--Campsis radicans, trumpet creeper.
color. All are propagated by cuttings. (Figs. 118 and 131.)
Campsis radicans Seem. (Bignonia radicans Linn. Tecoma
radicans Juss.). BIGNONIACEAE. Trumpet Creeper. Trumpet
Vine. (H). Native. A deciduous, high-climbing vine having
numerous, attractive, orange or red, tubular-shaped flowers
whose season of bloom is during both the spring and summer

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

months. The leaves are opposite, odd-pinnate, with 7 to 11
ovate-oval or oblong, serrate leaflets. The flowers, borne free-
ly in terminal racemes, have a scarlet, tubular-funnelform cor-
olla, with 5 flaring lobes from 2 to 31/ inches in length. This
vine clings tenaciously, by means of aerial rootlets, to posts or
tree trunks and is very desirable for covering such objects as
well as for growing on trellises or walls of either rock or Food.
The plant is deciduous for a short time during the late winter
but because of the attractive bloom should be included in vine
plantings where possible. (Fig. 132.)
Campsis chinensis Boss (Tecoma chinensis Koch.), the Chi-
nese trumpet-creeper, a native of China, resembling the above,
but more tender, is not so
high climbing having few or
no aerial roots. The flower
has a shorter but wider cor-
olla tube. Propagation is by
seeds, layers or cuttings;
cuttings of the previous sea-
son's growth usually giving
best results.
Cestrum elegans Schlect.
(Habrothamnus e 1 e g a n s
B r o n g.) SOLANACEAE.
Purple Cestrum. Coral Jes-
samine. (T). Mexico. The
purple Cestrum is a low-
climbing, evergreen shrub
Fig. 133.--Cestrum elegans, Purple Cestrum. having ovate-lanceolate
leaves and reddish-purple
flowers which are borne in loose clusters and in evidence dur-
ing most of the year. The flowers are very decorative and the
plant entirely satisfactory for any location where a shrubby
vine is wanted. (Fig. 133.)
C. auranticum Lindl., the orange Cestrum, a native of Guate-
mala, resembles the above, but has orange-yellow flowers. Pro-
pagated by cuttings.
Cissus incisa Desm. VITACEAE. Marine Ivy. (H). Native.
A hardy, deciduous, native plant that is grown as an ornamental
because of its unusual foliage. The leaves are pale green, very
fleshy, 3-foliate, the notched leaflets varying from 2 to 4 inches
in length. The rough stems, also fleshy, are high climbing and


Bulletin 188, Ornamnental Vines

have numerous pendent tendrils. Because of its deciduous na-
ture, it is not desirable for planting where a shade is wanted.
(Fig. 134.) Propagated by seeds or cuttings.
Clematis paniculata Thunb. RANUNCULACEAE. Japanese Cle-
matis. (H). Japan. A slender twining vine that prefers a
rather heavy soil and a sunny location. The
foliage is not heavy, the leaves being com-
pound, usually with 3 leaflets each from 1 to

Fig. 134.-Cissus incisa, marine

Fig. 135.-Clerodendron Thomsonae,

4 inches in length. The small, fragrant, white flowers, which
appear in late spring, are borne in numerous small panicles.
Propagated by seeds.
Clerodendron Thomsonae Elf. VERBENACEAE. Glorybower.
Bag Flower. (SH). Africa. The bag flower, a vigorous, ever-
green twining vine, has deep-green foliage and very attractive
flowers which are produced in quantity in the summer months.
Its leaves are oblong-ovate, acuminate, 3 to 41/2 inches in length,
with prominent veins which give the leaf a crinkled appearance.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

The flowers, produced in large clusters, have a pure white, bag-
shaped calyx which almost entirely encloses the scarlet corolla
tube. The plant is well suited for growing on trellises and ar-
bors, or anything about which it can twine. Making a fairly
dense shade and being a free bloomer it is one which deserves
to be more widely planted. (Fig. 135.) Propagated by cuttings.
Clytostoma callistegioides Bur. & Schum. (Bignonia callis-
tegioides Cham. B. speciosa Graham.) BIGNONIACEAE. Paint-
ed Trumpet. (H). Argentina. The painted trumpet, because
of its attractive, glossy foliage and showy bloom, is a desirable
vine for planting throughout the state, and particularly in the
northern portion on account of its hardiness. The plant is ever-

Fig. 136.-Cryptostegia grandiflora, rubber vine. Grown as a shrub.

green, climbing by simple leaf-tendrils. The leaflets, borne in
twos on short pedicels with a slender tendril between, are deep
green, shiny, acuminate, oblong-elliptic and 21/ to 3 inches in
length. The flowers, blooming during April and May, are about
3 inches in length, light purple or lavender with darker purple
streaks within; borne terminally in twos.
The plant is slow growing until well established, after which
it is quite vigorous. It can be interplanted with other vines to
advantage. Propagated by cuttings of the last season's wood.
Cryptostegia grandiflora R. Br. ASCLEPIADACEAE. Rubber
Vine. (SH). Trop. Africa. This species and the Madagascar

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

rubber vine, C. madagascariensis Hemsl., a native of Madagas-
car, are vigorous-growing, twining, woody vines having leath-
ery, glossy green leaves 3 to 4 inches long and large, funnel-
shaped, reddish-purple to pink flowers, blooming in the summer
and fall, which are 21/2 to 3 inches in diameter. The rubber
vines, by some pruning, form very attractive shrubs and are
frequently grown as such. (Fig. 136.) Propagated by cuttings.
Cydista aequinoctialis Miers. BIGNONIACEAE. (T). Brazil.
An evergreen, climbing *. -- vine having
shiny, ovate to ovate- oblong leaves,
from 3 to 4 inches in length, which
are borne in twos. The light purple or
deep pink flowers, borne w
in panicles and appear-
ing at intermittent in-
tervals, are funnel-shap-
ed and 2 to 2 inches
in length. The plant be-
ing a fairly high climb-
er, clinging by tendrils,
is suited for growing on
arbors, trellises or tree
trunks. Propagated by
cuttings. Fig. 137.-Decumnaria barbara, American climb-
Decumaria barbara ing hydrangea.
Linn. SAXIFRAGACEAE. American Climbing Hydrangea. (H).
Native. This vine is found native in the woods in the northern
part of the state, usually clinging to trees. Its leathery, ovate
leaves are from 2 to 4 inches in length and usually slightly
toothed. Numerous small, white flowers are borne in corym-
bose, terminal panicles during March or early April. The plant
attains a height of 30 to 40 feet, clinging by means of aerial
rootlets, and although it seems to be best adapted for growing
on tree trunks it will also adhere to stone. (Fig. 137.) Pro-
pagation is by cuttings of green wood, usually with best suc-
cess during the month of August.
Deguelia timoriensis (DC) Taub. (Derris scandens Benth.)
LEGUMINOSAE. "Malay Jewel Vine." (T). S. E. Asia and
Malaya. This vine is a strong, woody climber with pinnate
foliage. The oblong leaflets are variable in number, each being

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

about 1/2 inch in length. The small, white, pea-shaped
flowers are borne in large masses during the summer
months. (Fig. 138.) Propagated by
seeds and cuttings.
D i o c e a macrantha. LEGUMINOSAE.
(SH). Brazil. A fast growing, ever-
green, slender, twining vine, with tri-
foliate leaves, the leaflets being ovate-
elliptic, acuminate, prominently veined,
and thin in texture. The flowers, borne
in long racemes somewhat as Wisteria,
are about 2 inches in length, papilion-
Fig. 118. -
Deguelia aceous, and of a very attractive violet or helio-
Msla jewel trope color. The plant is free-blooming, the
vine. flowering period beginning in September. (Fig.
139.) Propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Dioscorea spp. DIOSCOREACEAE. Yam. Air Potato. Cinna-
mon Vine. (H). Tropics. The yams, although not recom-
mended for permanent
plantings, are very satisfac-
tory for use as quick-grow-
ing temporary vines. The
large leaves, usually more
or less heart-shaped, make
a fairly dense shade. The
plant is exceptionally vigor-
ous, climbing to heights of
g0 or 40 feet, and the tu-
bers, which are edible, at-
tain an immense size in
some species. These yams
should not be confused with
the sweet potato which is by
some commonly termed
"yam". The plants are usu-
ally killed to the ground
during the winter but it is
not necessary to disturb the
tubers which will send out
new growth the following Fig. 139.--Dojoea macrantha.
spring. (Fig. 140.)' Propagation is by pieces of the tubers.
The aerial ,tubers borne by some species may also be used.

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Euonymus (Evonymus) radicans Sib. CELASTRACEAE. Win-
ter Creeper. (H). Japan. The variety acuta Rehd., which is
probably the only one of much value for
Florida plantings, has elliptic, dull-green,
serrate leaves 1 to 2 inches in length. It
climbs by aerial rootlets on bark, stone or
wood. The plant is not to be compared
with Ficus pumila in adaptability and vig-
or of growth but for those desiring some-
thing different in a low-growing, clinging
climber it should prove satisfactory. (Fig.
141.) Propagated by cuttings or layers.
Ficus pumila Linn. (F. repens Hort.)
MORACEAE. Climbing or Creeping Fig. Fig.c 140Leaf of Das-
dorea aata, yarn.
Climbing Rubber. (H). Asia. An ivy-
like, evergreen creeper, clinging by means of numerous aerial
rootlets, that is without peer as a solid covering of green on a
brick, stucco or stone surface. The leaves, 1 to 4 inches in
length, are dark glossy green above, lighter and prominently
veined below, ovate, and usually unequal-
ly lobed at the base. Those leaves on the
lateral branches extending out from the
support are much larger than the ones
borne close to the wall. Hard fruits,
resembling the common fig in appear-
ance, make their appearance in late
summer on the larger branches. The
vine makes a vigorous growth after
once well established and after a few
years will require one or two clip-
pings annually to keep the appear-
ance of the wall at its best. The plant
is high climbing and will make a
dense cover on walls 50 feet or more
Fig. 141.-Euonymus radicans acu- in height. It is also quite suitable
tus, winterereeper. for seacoast planting. (Fig. 119.)

Ficus villosa Blume, the shaggy fig, very much resembles the
above species, having larger leaves which are more pointed, but
is possibly not as hardy. Propagated by cuttings or layering,
the latter being the easier method.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Gelsemium sempervirens Ait. LOGANACEAE. Carolina Yellow
Jessamine. (H). Native. The yellow jessamine is one of the
most popular native evergreen vines, having a wealth of bright
yellow flowers which are
6 produced in late January
and February. These flow-
.. ers, borne in the leaf axils,
are funnelform and from 1
to 11/2 inches in length. The
dark green, lanceolate or ob-
long-lanceolate leaves are
attached at fairly wide in-
tervals to the slender, twin-
ing stems. T h e foliage
normally is somewhat sparse
and if a dense cover is
wanted, this species should
be interplanted with some
other vine. Twenty feet is
about the maximum height to
Which the plant will climb.
It is sometimes used as a
Pig. 142.--Glsemiant sempervirens. Carolina ground cover and can be
yellow jessamine.
yellow jaine. planted to advantage on
fences or trellises. (Fig. 142.) Most easily propagated by

seeds but can be grown from cuttings.
Hedera helix L. ARALIACEAE. English Ivy.
not particularly recommended for planting
evergreen vine can be grown if
planted in partially shaded lo-
cations, such as the north walls
of brick or stone buildings. It
clings, by aerial rootlets, to stone
but will not adhere as tenaci-
ously to wood. Observations
have shown that it seemingly
withstands exposure to salt air
and is probably satisfactory for
seacoast plantings. (Fig. 143.)
Propagated by cuttings or lay-
ers. Fig. 143.-Hede

(H). Although
in Florida, this

ra helix, English ivy.

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Hylocereus tricostatus Brit. & Rose. (Cereus tricostatus
Goss. C. triangularis Hort.) CACTACEAE. Night Blooming Ce-
reus. (T). Mexico. Because of its extremely large flowers
and unusual, heavy, 3-angled stems this plant is always popular.
In habit, without training, the growth does not tend to be up-
right, which makes the plant desirable for growing on low walls
where ample room is available, it attaining a length of about 25

Fig. 144.-Hylocerevs tricostatus, night blooming cereus. (Photo by Turnage.)

feet. Very large, white flowers, opening at night, are produced
in profusion in the summer months. The large red fruits, com-
monly called the strawberry pear, or pitaya, are edible. (Fig.
144.) Propagated by cuttings.
Ipomoea spp. CONVOLULACEAE. Morning Glory. Moonflow-
er. For those desiring vines of the morning-glory type there
are several species available, but the two species which are pos-
sibly the most desirable are I. Leerii Paxt., the blue-dawn flow-
er, and the Briggs variety of I. Horsfalliae Hook. Both are vig-

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

orous growing vines bearing large flowers. The former has
purplish-blue flowers and usually 3-lobed leaves; the latter
bright crimson flowers whose period of bloom is in early win-
ter. Some of the Ipomoea species are suitable for seacoast plant-
ing. Propagated by cuttings.
Jasminum grandiflorum L. OLEACEAE. Catalonian, Spanish, or
Italian Jasmine. (T). India. A tender, woody vine that has
become naturalized in some portions of southern Florida. The
leaves are compound, having from 5 to 7 bright green, ovate
leaflets. The fragrant, star-shaped, white flowers, which are
borne in clusters, are in bloom throughout most of the year.
The free-blooming habit and the fragrance of the flowers make
this a desirable plant, although it is not a high climber. Propa-
gated by cuttings.
Jasminum pubescens Willd. (J. multiflorum Andr.) OLEA-
CEAE. Furry or Downy Jasmine. (H). India. This jasmine
is more commonly grown as a shrub than
Sas a vine, but, if desired, can be grown as a
climber. Its deep-green foliage is
dense and the stems quite woody, the
younger ones hairy or pubescent.
Small, white, star-shaped flowers are
in evidence throughout the summer
months. The plant is usually quite
severely injured by temperatures low-
er than 25 degrees but if killed to the
ground will make a quick, strong
growth from the roots the following
spring. (Fig. 145.)
J. gracillimum Hook., the star jas-
Smine, resembles the above species so
much in appearance and habit of
Fig. 145.-Jasminum pbeacens, growth that few persons make any
furry or downy jasmine, choice or distinction between them for
ornamental plantings. Propagated by cuttings.
Jasminum Sambac Soland. OLEACEAE. Arabian Jasmine.
(H). India and Ceylon. There are two varieties of this spe-
cies, Grand Duke, a double-flowered sort, and Maid of Orleans,
bearing single or occasionally double blooms. Both are fairly
hardy and if killed by cold will make a quick growth from the
roots. The fragrant, white flowers, blooming throughout the

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

summer and fall, are from 11/~ to 2 inches across. The leaves,
elliptic-ovate in shape, are dark, shining green and conspicu-
ously veined. (Fig. 146.) Propagated by cuttings.
Kadsura japonica L. MAGNOLIACEAE. Scarlet Kadsura. (H).
Japan. The Kadsura is a low-growing, evergreen, woody vine
with dark green, leathery, oblong-cval leaves from 2 to 5 inches
in length, the younger portions of the vine having a distinct
reddish tint. The flowers,
appearing in the spring, are
inconspicuous. (Fig. 147.)
Propagated by cuttings.
Lantana Sellowiana Link
& Otto. (L. delicatissima
Weeping or Trailing Lan-
tana. (H). South Amer-
ica. The weeping Lantana
is a very slender-stemmed
plant that can hardly be
classed as a vine but which
can be used to cover sloping
banks or low fences. The
small, toothed, ovate leaves
are somewhat rough and the
small lavender-purple flow- Fig. 146.--Jasminum Samlbac, grand duke
ers, in heads, bloom from jasmine.
early spring until winter. It is advisable to cut the plant back
to the ground in February so that an entire new top growth
will be forced out in the spring. (Fig. 148.) Propagated by
Lonicera japonica Thunb. (Nintooa japonica Sweet.) CAPRI-
FOLIACEAE. Japanese Honeysuckle. (H). China and Japan.
The Japanese honeysuckle is a strong-growing, low-climbing or
trailing, evergreen, twining vine. Its oblong leaves are dark
and glossy and up to 3 inches in length. The fragrant, tubular
flowers, 11/4 to 2 inches in length, borne in pairs in the leaf axils,
are white on opening, later changing to a yellow or buff. The
season of bloom is heaviest during April and May but flowers
are in evidence at intervals throughout several months. The
vine makes a fairly dense covering and is satisfactory for
growing on fences or trellises. (Fig. 149.)

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Lonicera sempervi-
rens Linn. CAPRIFOLIA-
CEAE. Trumpet o r
C o r a 1 Honeysuckle.
Woodbine. (H). Na-
tive. A slender-stem-
med, evergreen, twin-
ing vine having oval,
blue-green leaves 1 to
3 inches in length.
Tubular flowers, coral
or scarlet colored with-
out, yellow within,
usually less than 2
inches in length, are
borne in clustered
spikes. The blooms
appear intermittently
throughout the spring
and summer. Al-
though the vine is
high climbing, it does
not make a very dense
covering and can be
effectively interplant-
ed with other species.
Fig. 147.-Twig of Kadsura japonica, scarlet Kadsura.
(Fig. 150.) Propagated by
seeds or cuttings of mature -'/
wood. r [
Monsterra deliciosa Liebm.
ARACEAE. Ceriman. (T). Mex-
ico. Because of its large and e
peculiarly fashioned leaves, the
ceriman is always a subject of
interest. It is a very vigorous- :,
growing, fairly high-climbing
evergreen aroid which clings to
its support by means of heavy
aerial roots. A large tree trunk
or rough barked tree seems to
be best suited as a support for
the plant to cling to, it thriving Fig. 148.-Latanta Sellowiana, weeping

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

best in a semi-shaded location. The deep green leaves, up to 2
feet in length, are perforated with holes of varying sizes and are
pinnatified, or scalloped. The fruit, a greenish yellow cone
from 8 to 10 inches in length, is also an object of interest. It
is edible, having a delicate pineapple-banana odor, but many
persons do not care for it because of the calcium oxalate spic-
ules present in the edible portion which cause an irritation of
the throat. (Fig. 151.) Propagated by seeds or stem cut-
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Planch. (Ampelopsis quinque-
folia Michx.) VITACEAE. Virginia Creeper. (H). Native. The
Virginia creeper is found in
nearly all portions of Florida
and because it is common its
value as a cultivated ornamental
is often overlooked. The vine
is very high climbing, bearing
deciduous, 5-parted compound
leaves which are dull green with
a light m etallic luster on the up- 'i
per surface. In the late fall
the leaves turn to an attractive
reddish-yellow color. Because
of the leaf division this vine is
frequently mistaken for poison
ivy. As the ivy has but 3 leaf-
lets and the Virginia creeper 5,
a positive distinction is easily Fig. 149.-Lonicera japonica, Japanese
made. The chief value of the
plant as an ornamental is as a climber on trunks of large trees.
It clings tenaciously, by means of tendrils, to either wood or
stone. (Fig. 152.) The Boston or Japanese ivy, Parthenocissus
tricuspidata Planch., a vine of decided merit for more northern
states, is grown to some extent in the northern section of Flor-
ida, where it makes a fairly satisfactory growth on rock or
brick walls. The 3-lobed leaves are a shining green and in some
instances will make a dense covering. The plant is deciduous,
but normally for a Florida planting remains in a dormant state
for too long a period. (Fig. 153.) Propagation is by seeds,
cuttings or layers.
Passiflora spp. PASSIFLORACEAE. Passion Flower. Several
of the passion flowers are grown in Florida, but chiefly P. in-

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

carnata L., the maypop or wild passion flower, which is a native
plant, and P. edulis Sims, the purple granadilla or passion fruit,
a native
< of Brazil.
The fruit

ter is
Both are
J- strong
little grow-
ing vines
having a
h e' heavy,
"- deep
glossy fo-
liage. The
ers, which
are par-
are in
bloom in
the fruits
in late
fall. The
will with-
stand but
little frost
Fig. 150.-Lonicera sempervirens, coral honeysuckle but if kill-
ed down will usually come again from the roots. Propagated
by seeds and cuttings.
Pereskia aculeata Mill. CACTACEAE. Blade Apple. Lemon
Vine. Bar ba d os Gooseberry. (S H). Trop. America. The
lemon vine is a woody-stemmed, climbing cactus having broad,
flat, shiny, leathery leaves 2 to 3 inches in length. It is sup-
plied with spines only in the leaf axils. The plant is a free

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

bloomer, bearing greenish-white or pale yellow flowers about
11/ inches in diameter. This vine is a vigorous grower, and a
fairly dense covering to a height
of 15 to 20 feet can be attained

Fig. 151.-Monsterra delicosa, ceriman.

in a short time. (Fig. 154.)
Pereskia grandifolia Haw.
Pereskia. (T). Trop. Ameri,
ing, tall shrub that is desiral
flowers, 11/2 to 2 inches broke
which are freely borne in clu
ters during the spring month
(Fig. 155.) Propagated by cu
Petrea volubilis Jacq. VE1
BENACEAE. Queen's Wreatl
Purple Wreath. (T). Tro
America. A strong- growing:
twining climber with evergreen:
leathery, ovate or ellipt
leaves and very attractive flov
ers, whose season of bloom
from spring through the sun
mer months. The individual I
pointed flowers, in long rn
cemes, are mauve and blue, tl

Fig. 152.-Leaf of Parthenocissus quinqui-
folia, Virginia creeper.

Propagated by seeds or cuttings.
(P. Bleo). CACTACEAE. Bush
ca.. This species is a semi-climb-
)le because of its beautiful pink

Fig. 153.-Leaf of Parthenocissus tricupi-
data, Boston or Japanese ivy.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

sepals as well as the petals being colored. (Fig. 156.) Propa-
gated by cuttings and layers.
Pithecoctenium cynanchoides
DC. (P. clematidium Griseb.)
BIGNONIACEAE. Argentine Mon-
key Comb. (SH). Argentina.
The monkey comb, which de-
rives its name from the spiny
fruits, is an attractive evergreen
vine, clinging by means of ten-
drils. The leaves are com-

Fig. 154.-Twig of Pereskia aculeata,
Barbados gooseberry.
pearing in the
early spring in
terminal clus-
ters, are fun-
nel-shaped or
tubular, and
about 2 inches
in length.
tenium murica-
tum DC., the
Mexican mon-
key comb, re-
sembles the
above some-
what, but has
much larger
leaves and
flowers which
are about one-
half the length
and with a
buff color
within the
flower tub e.-
(Fig. 157.)
Porana pani-
culata Roxbg. Fig. 155

pound, of 3-ovate-acuminate
leaflets each up to 2 inches in
length. The white flowers, ap-

ri~ 1;4'


.-Pereskia grandiflora, bush Pereskia.

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

CONVOLULACEAE. Mountain Creeper. Horsetail Creeper, Coral-
lila. (T). India and Java. A
shrubby, twining climber, at- -
taining a height of 25 feet. The
large, ovate leaves are downy
on the upper surface, smooth
below. The flowers, in evidence
during the fall, are borne in
long terminal sprays, the indi-

Fig. 156.-Petrea volubilis, queen's wreath.

vidual blooms being very small, funnel-shaped, and greenish-
white in color. Propagated by cuttings.
Pothos aureus Lind. ARACEAE. Hunter's Robe. Colombo
Agent. (T). Solomon Islands.
The hunter's robe, an evergreen
shrubby climber, is an aroid
which is best adapted for grow-
ing in a moist, shady location as
on tree trunks or the like. The
large, pointed, ovate leaves are
a bright green with irregular,
yellow variegation. The heavy,
succulent stems are supported
by aerial roots. The distinctive
Fig. 1a7. Pitheytenin .urieatu. mon. character of this plant, which
key's comb.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

is rarely seen in Florida, should cause it to be more largely
grown. (Fig. 158.) Propagated by layers or cuttings.
Pueraria hir s u t a Schneid.
(P. Thunbergiana Benth.) Le-
guminosae. Kudzu. (H). Japan
and China. The Kudzu is a vine
of exceptionally vigorous
growth, making quite a dense
shade in a short time. It has
large, dark green, trifoliate
leaves an d slender, twining
stems. Purple blooms resem-
bling those of the pea, are borne
in large racemes during mid-
summer or later. The plant
may or may not be killed down
during the winter but the roots
are never injured, sending out
a vigorous new growth in early
spring. This vine is not par-
ticularly recommended for per-
manent ornamental planting but
can be interplanted to advan-
tage as a fast growing vine
with those which may be more
desirable, but slower growing.
Fipr. 158.-Pothos aureus, hunter's robe. Propagation of kudzu is gener-
erally by division of the roots, but it may also be grown from seeds.
Quisqualis indica Linn. COMBRETACEAE. Rangoon Creeper.
(T). S. India and Malaya. The
rangoon creeper is a semi-climb-
ing shrub with smooth, oblong,
acuminate leaves and pale pink to
crimson, star shaped flowers
which are borne on the end of an
elongated calyx tube. It is fast
growing, making a fairly heavy,
woody vine which is attractive,
particularly during the summer
months when in full season of
bloom. (Fig. 159.) Propagated
by seeds or softwood cuttings. Fig. 159. Qisqal z i-dica, rangoon

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Smilax spp. SMILACACEAE. Smilax. Greenbriar. Horsebriar.
(H). Native. Although these plants are not suited to planting
about buildings there are occasionally locations such as about
large trees, or places having more or less of a jungle effect
where they may be planted to advantage. Small* gives 12 spe-
cies as being native to Florida. Several of these, S. lanceolata
L., mostly, furnish the "Southern smilax" which is used in large
quantities for indoor decoration. The plants are vigorous
growing, mostly armed, vines clinging by means of tendrils
which are attached to the leaf-
stalk. The leaves of the various
species vary greatly in shape,
size and markings. (Fig. 160.)

Fig. 160.-Leaves of Smilax spp.

The blooms appear in early spring and are followed by clusters
of small, black or red berries. Propagated by seeds.
Solandra guttata Don. SOLANACEAE. Chalice Vine. (T).
Mexico. Although grown rarely in Florida, this evergreen,
heavy, woody vine is striking because of its extremely large,
bell-shaped flowers. The alternate, elliptic-oblong leaves, up to
6 inches in length, are smooth and shiny on the upper surface
and of lighter green and hairy below. The funnelform flowers,
appearing during the summer, are creamy-yellow, with brown
ridges within, and of immense size, averaging 8 or 9 inches in
length. Because of its woody character it requires a heavy
trellis. Propagated by cuttings.

*Shrubs of Florida, Dr. J. K. Small.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Solanum jasminoides Paxt. SOLANACEAE. Potato Vine. Jas-
mine Nightshade. (H). S. America. A slender stemmed,
twining vine attaining a maximum height of about 20 feet. The
foliage is small, fairly dense, and shiny, the leaves being mostly
lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate in shape. The flowers, about an
inch in diameter, in many-
flowered clusters, are star-
shaped and white, tinted
L with violet or blue. Blooms
during April and at inter-
vals throughout the sum-
mer. (Fig. 161.) Propa-
gated by cuttings.
Solanum seaforthianum
Andr. SOLANACEAE. B r a-
ir zilian Nightshade. (T).
Brazil. A graceful, slender
vine attaining a height of
only a few feet. The leaves
are compound, each having
3 lanceolate leaflets which
are usually not over 2 inches
in length. The star-shaped
Fig. 161.-Solanum jasminoides, jasmine flowers, borne freely in
nightshade. drooping axillary clusters
during the spring months, are about 1 inch across, light pur-
plish blue or lavender blue. It is well suited for growing on
small trellises where a small, delicate vine is wanted. Propa-
gated by cuttings.
Solanum Wendlandii Hook. SOLANACEAE. Costa Rican Night-
shade. Paradise Flower. (T). Costa Rica. The paradise
flower is a vigorous-growing, woody vine attaining a length of
50 to 60 feet within a few seasons. The compound leaves are
large, being from 8 to 10 inches in length. Its bluish-purple
flowers, 2 to 21/2 inches in diameter, in large panicles, are ex-
ceptionally attractive. This species is one of the most desirable
for Southern planting and is well adapted to any location where
a large, free-flowering vine is wanted. (Fig. 120.) Propagated
by cuttings.
Stephanotis floribunda. Brongn. ASCLEPIADACEAE. (T).
Madagascar. The Stephanotis is a tender, evergreen, twining
vine having leathery, elliptic, pointed leaves. Its fragrant, waxy

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

flowers, borne in axillary clusters, are funnel-form, not over 2
inches in length, with five, pointed lobes, the color being a pure
white or cream. The season of bloom is during the summer
months. The vine is fast grow-
ing but does not attain a great
height. For the warmer sec-
tions of the state this vine is
very desirable and should be
more widely planted. Propaga- -
ted by cuttings but is more eas-
ily grown from seeds.
Stigmaphyllon ciliatum A.
Amazon Vine. Butterfly Vine.
(T). S. America. This vine,
as yet rarely seen, seems to
thrive in a shaded location. The
leaves are smooth and heart-
shaped, having a fringe of hairs
around the margin. The at-
tractive flowers, borne in pro- Fig. 162.-Tecomaria capensis, cape honey-
fusion in axillary clusters dur-
ing the summer months, are bright yellow, with unequal petals,
the lobes of which are clawed. Propagated by cuttings.
Tecomaria capensis Seem. (Tecoma capensis Lindl.) BIG-
NONIACEAE. Cape Honeysuckle. (SH). S. Africa. The cape
honeysuckle is a strong-growing,
woody, evergreen, semi-climbing
shrub or vine having a fairly
dense foliage and attractive bloom
which is in evidence during a
greater portion of the year. By
pruning, the plant can be grown
as a shrub. The shiny green
leaves are odd-pinnate, with 7 to
9 ovate, acute, serrate leaflets
which are from 1 to 2 inches in
length. The orange-red flowers,
borne terminally in clusters, are
tubular in shape with tube
Fig. 163.--Thunbergia fragrans, sweet
clockvine, curved, 4-lobed, and about 2

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

inches in length. (Fig. 162.) Propagated by seeds or cuttings.
Thunbergia fragrans Roxbg. ACANTHACEAE. Sweet Clock-
vine. Mountain Creeper. (T). India. This species, in foliage,
somewhat resembles the one below, but is more delicate in
growth. The pure white flowers, about 11/2 inches across,
blooming in late summer, have a very slender
tube with flaring lobes. (Fig. 163.) Propa-
gated by layers or cuttings.
Thunbergia grandiflora Roxbg.
ACANTHACEAE. Bengal Clockvine.
Sky Flower. (SH). Bengal.
The sky flower is an excep-

Fig. 164.-Thunbergia grandiflora, sky flower.

tionally rapid growing, evergreen, woody vine having a wealth
of foliage and a very desirable bloom. The large leaves are
broadly ovate, pointed, deep green and slightly rough to the
touch. The 5-lobed, bell-shaped flowers, about 3 inches in diam-
eter, are a bluish-mauve in color. The season of bloom is
throughout the summer extending well into the winter months.
This vine is well suited for trellises, arbors or for growing on
buildings. (Fig. 164.) Propagated by cuttings or layers.
Trachelospermum jasminoides Lem. (Rhynchospermum jas-
minoides Lindl.) APOCYNACEAE. Star Jasmine. Confederate
Jasmine. (H). China. The star jasmine is one of the few

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

vines bearing very fragrant flowers. These flowers, which re-
semble those of the jasmine are pure white, star-shaped, about
:Y inch across and borne in large numbers in loose cymes which
are usually terminal. The flowering season extends from April
into May. The leaves are evergreen, leathery, ovate-lanceolate,

Fig. 16.- Trachelosipermum jasminoides, Confederate jasmine.

deep glossy green above and lighter underneath. The stems
are woody without tendrils or aerial rootlets, the vine climbing
by twining. The plant thrives on a wide variety of soils, but
is somewhat slow growing until well established. (Fig. 165.)
Propagated by seeds or cuttings of half-ripened wood.
Vanilla planifolia Andr. ORCHIDACEAE. Vanilla. Vanilla
Bean. (T). Mexico. The pods of vanilla, an orchid, are one
of the sources of vanillin which is used in the manufacture of
the common vanilla extract. It can be grown only in the more


Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Ad parts of the state and its use in Flor-
only as an interesting ornamental.
p a n t, clinging by means of aerial
either stone, wood or bark, should
;ed only in semi shaded loca-
The large, thick, fleshy
oblong- elliptic, acuminate in
shape, are borne alter-
nately on thick, succu-
lent stems. (Fig. 166.)
Propagated by cut-
tings, which should
be made quite long
and partially covered
with earth, at the base
of the object to which
they are to climb.
Vallaris He y nei
S p r e n g. APOCYNA-
CEAE. (S H). S. E.
Asia. A heavy, woody
twiner having an at-
tractive, evergreen
Fig. 166.-- Vanilla planifolia, vanilla, foliage and numer-

Fig. 167.-Vallaris Heynei.


Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

ous clusters of small, fragrant flowers. The elliptic, deep-green
leaves are prominently nerved and from 4 to 5 inches in length.
The clustered flowers, blooming in the spring, are cup-shaped,
with 5 lobes,
and about 1
inch in diam-
eter. Owing to
the heavy na-
ture of the

suited for large
trellises or per-
golas. (F i g.
Wisteria sin-
ensis Sweet.
(Wisteria chin-
e n s i s DC.)
Chinese Wis-
teria. (H).
China. The
Chinese Wis-
teria, a decidu- A i h
o u s climber, .
with its wealth
of blue-violet.
pea-shaped h a
blooms, borne
in abundance
in long, pen-
dent racemes,
has long been
one of the
favorite flow-
ering ines. It Fig. 168.-Wisteria sinensis, Chinese Wistera.
thrives in the northern portions of the state, blooming during
March or early April, the flowers appearing with or before the
leaves. The plant is very vigorous in growth, having heavy,
woody stems, and is usually at its best when growing on a large
trellis. The leaves are pinnately compound, usually with five
pairs of opposite leaflets. By staking and pruning, the plant
may be trained as a shrub or small spreading tree. (Fig. 168.)
Propagated by layering.

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station


Flowers small, 5-lobed, fragrant;
leaves leathery ........Trachelospermum
Flowers small, fragrant, lobed;
thick leaves ........................Stephanotis
Flowers very small, numerous;
climbs by aerial rootlets......Decumaria
Flowers star-shaped; leaves and
stems rusty-hairy .................---Jasminum
Flowers about % inch long; some
much doubled ..........Jasminum sambac
Flowers very small, funnelform..Porana
Flowers cupped, less than inch
across; large leaves...............Vallaris
Flowers large, funnelform, up to 5
inches in length ................Beaunontia
Flowers star-shaped, corolla lobes tooth-
ed; leaves angularly toothed
-Thunbergia fragrans
Flowers pea-shaped; opposite leaf-
lets ...........--- -..........--- ...----Deguelia
Flowers star-shaped; 5-7 leaflets;
winged rachis..Jasminum grandiflorum
Flowers with 4 petals; 3 leaf-
lets ................. ...------..----.... Clematis
Flowers bell-shaped; 3-foliate leaf-
lets ................... ---...............Pithecoctenium
Flowers small; leaves in 3's;
stems spiny ..........................Asparagus
Flowers inconspicuous; leaves 3-
lobed, or compound with 3 leaf-
lets ............Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Flowers inconspicuous; leaves va-
rious shapes; long tendrils in
pairs at base of petioles ..........Smilax

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Flowers star-shaped, blue tinge,
yellow stamens; lower leaves
compound ....-......Solanum jasminoides
D. FLOWERS IN CLUSTERS, small and inconspicuous
Leaflets 5; climbs by tendrils
-Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Leaflets 3; or simple and 3-lobed
-Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Leaflets 3, deeply notched, climbs
by tendrils; leaves thick, leathery
Flowers star-shaped with blue
tinge, yellow stamens; upper
leaves simple ......Solanum jasminoides
Stems heavy, 3-angled, flowers
large ......................................Hylocereus

Flowers small, rose-pink, in sprays
of 6-15, raceme ending in part-
ed tendril ............................Antigonon
Flowers with large, white calyx
enclosing crimson corolla
Flowers tubular, 2 inches long,
scarlet; upper pair leaves joined
-Lonicera sempervirens
Flowers star-shaped, white to red,
in long spikes ......................Quisqualis
Flowers tubular funnelform, 3
inches long; leaflets 9-11; cling-
ing by aerial rootlets ..............Campsis
Flowers tubular, 2 inches long;
clinging by tendrils
-Bignonia capreolata
Flowers curved tubular-funnel-
form; leaflets in 2's or 3's; cling-
ing by 3-parted tendrils
-Bignonia venusta
Flowers curved tubular, 2 inches
long, 4-lobed; 7-9 toothed leaf-
lets ..............................- ....... Tecumaria

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Flowers inconspicuous, enclosed in
large showy bracts; stems with
few spines .......-- ...........-- Bougainvillea
Flowers pink, 2 inches across;
leaves leathery; stems with
sharp spines near leaf axils
-Pereskia grandifolia

Flowers pi
about 2
leaves d
Flowers sr
wavy ...

ink or purple to white,
inches across, showy;
eeply 3-lobed ..........Passiflora
nall, pink; leaves thick,
.................... ---.... .........K ads ra

Flowers with 5 strap-like petals,
lavender .....................---.................Petrea
Flowers small, in head, lilac; leaves
rough, toothed, on wiry stems
Flowers usually solitary, blue, bell-
shaped, 3 inches across; leaves
rough, toothed or shallowly lobed.
-Thunbergia grandiflora
Flowers funnelform or bell-shaped,
pink with purple, 2 inches long;
2 leaflets, clings by tendrils..- Cydista
Flowers in 2's, trumpet-shaped,
pale purple, 3 inches long; leaf-
lets in pairs; clings by tendrils
Flowers light blue, tubular with
flaring lobes, in one-sided racemes
Flowers inconspicuous, enclosed in
large, showy bracts; stems with
few spines ...-....................Bougainvillea
Flowers slender tubular, swollen
near apex, reddish-purple or or-
ange-yellow ......................----....... Cestrum

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Flowers pea-shaped, 2 inches long,
in long racemes, 3 leaflets........Dioclea
Flowers pea-shaped, pale purple
to rose or white; 10-20 pairs
small, opposite leaflets ..............A brus
Flowers purple, small, 3 cupped
petals; 5 leaflets on long slender
petiole .... .......... ..............-...... A kl ebia
Flowers pea-shaped, in pendent
clusters, blue-violet; leaflets 9-11
Flowers pea-shaped, purple; leaf--
lets 3, variously lobed............Pueraria
Flowers blue or light purple, star
shaped, 1 inch across; 3 leaflets
-Solanum Seaforthianum
Flowers lilac or blue, 2 inches
across; leaves large, usually un-
equally 3-foliate with upper leaf-
let lobed ..............Solanum Wendlandii

Flowers solitary; leaves alternate,
simple ...........................----- A ristoloch i

Flowers bright yellow, petals un-
equal with clawed lobes
-Stigmaph yllon
Flowers large, golden yellow, fun-
nelform with large flaring lobes;
leaves in whorls of 3 or 4....Allamanda
Flowers fragrant, white turning to
yellow, tubular, up to 2 inches
long, usually in 2's-.Lonicera japonica
Flowers fragrant, funnelform with
distinct lobes, about 1% inches
across .....................................Gelsem ium
Flowers trumpet-shaped, 3 inches
across, bright yellow; leaflets in
pairs; climbs by 3-parted claw-
like tendrils.. ..-..Bignonia Unguis-cati

Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Flowers pale yellow or creamy
white, 1% inches across, wheel-
shaped; short spines in leaf ax-
ils; leaves leathery..Pereskia aculeata
Flowers tubular, swollen near
apex, orange yellow
-Cestrum auranticvm
Funnelform, 8-9 inches long, creamy-
yellow .................. ----....................Solandra

Leaves small, finely toothed; clings
by aerial rootlets-...............--Euonymus
Leaves 3-5 lobed; climbs by aerial
rootlets ........................................H edera
Fruits resemble figs; climbs by
aerial rootlets ............................Ficus

Leaves large, perforated; fruit
cone-shaped ......................... Monsterra
Leaves large, yellow variegation_-Pothos
Leaves thick, pendent ....--......-.....Vanilla
Leaves heart-shaped; stems on
some 4-angled .......-...............Dioscorea
Without leaves; heavy stems 3-
angled; large flowers ........Hylocereus
Flowers of typical morning-glory
type .......--------.......-----... .............--- pomoea

Bulletin 188, Ornamental Vines

Page Name

A ir Potato ........................ .......... 204
Allamanda ........................-...---- 193
Amazon Vine, Fringed ............. 219

Bag Flower ......-............. -........ 201
Barbados Gooseberry ................ 212
Blade Apple ................................. 212
Blue-Dawn Flower ...................... 207
Butterfly Vine ..........-...- ............. 219

Cerim an .--. -----.. ........ ................ 210
Cestrum, Orange ................-...... 200
Cestrum, Purple .-........................ 200
Chalice Vine ................................ 217
Cinnamon Vine ...-....................... 204
Clematis, Japanese .....--....--....... 201
Clockvine, Bengal ........-....-....... 220
Clockvine, Sweet ...-..------...--....... 220
Colombo Agent .............-..-..-....-. 215
Corallila .................--....---.... .... 215
Corallita .............-.......... ....-- ...... 193
Coral Vine ...... ....... -.... ............ 193

Coromandel .................... ......
Crab's Eye Vine ..............
Creeper, Chinese Trumpet....
Creeper, Horsetail ................
Creeper, Mountain ......... --
Creeper, Rangoon .....-..--...
Creeper, Trumpet .............
Creeper, Virginia ...............
Creeper, Winter ....................
Cross Vine ....... .....................

Dutchman's Pipe .

-.... 195
...... 192
..... 200
...... 215
..... 215
..... 216
...... 199
..... 211
...... 205
..... 196

..................... 194

Fig, Climbing .............................. 205
Fig, Creeping ...-- ................... 205
Fig, Shaggy ..........................2.... 205
Five-Leaf Akebia ...................... 193
Flame Vine .............................. 197

Glorybower ................................. 201
Golden Shower .--..--...--.....----- 197
Granadilla ......--.........------------- 212
Greenbriar ..............------- ..--------- 217

Honeysuckle, Cape ............-....- 219
Honeysuckle, Coral .------...--..-..-..-. 210
Honeysuckle, Japanese .........---.... 209
Honeysuckle, Trumpet .....-----....... 210
Horsebriar ...-----.....---...-- --------.... 217
Hunter's Robe .......-...... .........-- 215
Hydrangea, American Climbing 203

Ivy, Boston .................................. 211
Ivy, English --............--.---------..........-..... 206
Ivy, Japanese ....--..............--....... 211
Ivy, M arine ...........................----..... 200


Arabian .....
Downy ........
Furry ........
Italian ......
Spanish ......
Star .........

............... 209
............. 208
........-...... 220
............... 208
-........-... 208
..-.......... 208
.-........... 208
..........-.. 220

Jessamine, Coral .....................-. 200
Jessamine, Carolina Yellow........ 206
Jewel Vine, Malay ........-........... 203

Kudzu ............... ...- .....-......... 216

Lantana, Trailing ....................... 209
Lantana, Weeping ..................-- .. 209
Lemon Vine ......................-........- 212

M aypop ...................-- ................... 212
Monkey Comb, Argentine .......... 214
Monkey Comb, Mexican ............ 214
M oonflower .................................. 207
Morning Glory ......................... 207
Mountain Rose ............................ 193



Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

Page Name

Night Blooming Cereus .....-...-. 207
Nightshade, Brazilian .........-.... 218
Nightshade, Costa Rican .......... 218
Nightshade, Jasmine ................. 218

Paper Flower .......---................... 198
Paradise Flower .................-....... 218
Passion Flower ......................... 211
Pereskia, Bush --......................... 213
Pink Vine .......-...........-.........-.... 193
Pipe Vine .............- ........--- ..-.... 194
Potato Vine ................. --.......... .... 218
Purple Wreath ....-..................... 213

Queen's Wreath ...................... 213


Rosa-de-Montana ...........
Rosary Pea ............... ...
Rubber, Climbing ..........
Rubber Vine ..................
Rubber Vine, Madagascar

....... 193
...... 192
...... 205
...... 202
....... 203

Scarlet Kadsura .................. 209
Sickle Thorn ............................. 195
Sky Flower ..-.............--...-...----...- 220
Smilax ..................... .----.----....- 217

Trumpet, Cat's Claw .....
Trumpet Flower ...........
Trumpet Flower, Nepal.
Trumpet, Herald's ........
Trumpet, Painted .........
Trumpet Vine ................

Vanilla ....--.--........ -----..
Vanilla Bean ..............----

Weather Plant ...
Wisteria, Chinese
W oodbine .............

Yam .-............ --------..

........ ... .... 192
.................. 223

.... 204



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