Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 List of Illustrations
 Dogs and their Doings
 Back Cover

Title: Dogs and their doings
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026260/00001
 Material Information
Title: Dogs and their doings
Physical Description: xii, 111, 1, 8 p., 24 leaves of plates : ill. ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Morris, F. O ( Francis Orpen ), 1810-1893
Weir, Harrison, 1824-1906 ( Illustrator )
Landseer, Edwin Henry, 1803-1873 ( Illustrator )
S. W. Partridge & Co. (London, England) ( Publisher )
Watson & Hazell ( Printer )
Publisher: S.W. Partridge & Co.
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Watson & Hazell
Publication Date: [1872?]
Subject: Dogs -- Behavior -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Pets -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Human-animal relationships -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Animal welfare -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1872
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
England -- Aylesbury
Statement of Responsibility: by F.O. Morris.
General Note: Illustrated by Harrison Weir and Edwin Landseer.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy lacking p. 55-56 and leaves of plates opposite p. 4, 28, 24, 40, 56, and 64.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy contains further adventures of "Topsy" added in pencil at the bottom of p. 72-73.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00026260
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002234576
notis - ALH5008
oclc - 58525893

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
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    Half Title
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    Title Page
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    List of Illustrations
        Page 13
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    Dogs and their Doings
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Full Text
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SThe B aldwin LiSRmrB


7,7\~ k~ '/ A,\ KCARLO.(After Sir Edwin Landseer, R.A )\ f

Dogs and tIher Dozigs.BY THE REV. F. 0. MORRIS, B.A.RECTOR OF NUN-BURNHOLME, AND CHAPLAIN TO HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF CLEVELAND.Author oj "A History of British Birds," " Natural History of the Bible," &6c., &c.MESSRS. S. W. PARTRIDGE & CO., 9, PATERNOSTER ROW.(Al l r 1BYAll rights reserved. ) M R .\I "(,41 rIeserve. I

WATSON & HAZELL, Printers, London and Aylesbury.

'Y I1' ES~ \ 5 M R- _\--_.-,, YTO___iPREVENIN OPN-I--t\, 3-" \ Y. -I/---I -<s J r!- O T ,CRUELTY T ANIMALS,OF THEEDUCUTTON COM MITETHIS VOLUME IS, BY PERMISSION,_- _.i_ "/-_ i /






(After Szr Edwin Landseer.)Full-Page Illustrations.SUBJECT. ARTIST. PAGEA FOSTER-MOTHER TO THE LAMBS Harrison Weir. 60" BE IT EVER SO HUMBLE, THERE'S NO PLACE LIKE HOME " Sir Edwin Landseer 84BRAVE "NEPTUNE" .Harrison Weir 104DOG BREAKING THE ICE Harrison Weir 4DOG FEEDING THE LOST CHILD Harrison Weir 44DOG HIDING HIS FOOD Harrison Weir 28DOG SAVING THE CHILD FROM DROWNING Harrison Weir 48DOG SAVING HIS MASTER Harrison Weir 32ESQUIMAUX AND THEIR DOGS R. retschmer 88"GREYFRIARS' BOBBY'- Hariison Weir 12HIGH LIFE -- Sir Edwin Landseer 52LOW LIFE Sir Edwin Landseer 56


Dogs an! tkhezr Do>igs.After Sir Edwin Landseer. By Permission.SIR WALTER SCOTT'S BULL-DOG TERRIER, "CAMP." THE -wisest dog I ever had," said Sir Walter Scott, "waswhat is called the bull-dog terrier. I taught him to under-stand a great many words, insomuch that I am positive that the2

2 The Post-nmaster's Sa^oacious Dog.communication betwixt the canine species and ourselves mightbe greatly enlarged. 'Camp' once bit the baker, who wasbringing bread to the family. I beat him, and explained theenormity of his offence; after which, to the last moment of hislife, he never heard the least allusion to the story, in whatevervoice or tone it was mentioned, without getting up and retiringinto the darkest corner of the room with great appearance ofdistress. Then if you said, the baker was well paid, or, thebaker was not hurt after all, 'Camp' came forth from hishiding-place, capered, and barked and rejoiced. When he wasunable, towards the end of his life, to attend me when on horse-back, he-used to watch for my return, and the servant wouldtell him his master was coming down the hill, or through themoor, and, although he did not use any gesture to explain hismeaning, 'Camp' was never known to mistake him, but eitherwent out at the front to go up the hill, or at the back to getdown to the moor-side."SAGACIOUS "CHARLIE."ACORRESPONDENT, Mr. Wheeler, furnishes me with the following:" Our post-master has a strangely sagacious dog. A greatdeal of business is done at the post-office, and a great manymessages despatched from it to the various villages. The dog,'Charlie,' sits at the front door of a morning, and signals, by ashort bark, as each individual messenger rounds the corner intothe street. The short bark is sufficient to tell the clerk in theoffice that his attention will be required. So soon as the milk-man appears, 'Charlie' runs in doors with a loud continuousbow-wow, as it is uncertain in what part of the house the person

Corn;wall Simeon's Ancdote of a Spaniel. 3may be who should attend the 'milky-way.' 'Charlie' knowsme well, and shows marked fondness for me, but he always barksat my approach on Sunday mornings."A SPANIEL S APPARENT CAPRICIOUSNESS.To Mr. Cornwall Simeon I am indebted for the following :-" Domestic animals not unfrequently contract sudden fanciesfor, and occasionally as sudden aversions to, particular indi-viduals, in a strange manner; the latter being apparently moredifficult to understand than the former. Doubtless somethingor other has passed through the animal's mind, which, couldwe know what it was, would fully account for this conduct ontheir part, while to those unacquainted with the cause theyappear to be actuated solely by caprice. The followinginstance has occurred within my own knowledge/', A brotherof mine, when in the army, had a very favourite little spanielwhich was devotedly attached to him, and his constant com-panion. During a visit of a few days, however, which I paidhim when quartered at Cork, and on the eve of embarkationfor foreign service, the dog took such an extraordinary fancyfor me, that he decidedly preferred my company to that of mybrother, and indeed quite deserted him for me. On my leavingto return to England, my brother kindly gave him to me, andhe, as a matter of course, followed me on board the steamer,leaving my brother standing on the quay. The steamer sheeredoff, and proceeded on her course; but no sooner did the dogperceive that he was really to be separated from his old master,than all his former affection for him appeared to return in itsfull force. In every way in which a dog can express contrition,

4 The Generous House Dog.he seemed to do so for his error in having forsaken him for me;and I was actually obliged to hold him, in order to prevent himfrom jumping overboard to rejoin him."THE NEWFOUNDLAND ICE-BREAKER.THE anecdote I am now about to give is from the pen of theRev. J. C. Atkinson, a good and scientific naturalist:-" Walking with a favourite Newfoundland dog of great size,one frosty day,-I observed the animal's repeated disappointmenton putting his head down, with the intention to drink, at sundryice-covered pools. After one of these disappointments, I brokethe ice with my foot, for my thirsty companion's behoof. Thenext time it seemed good to the dog to try and drink, insteadof waiting for me to break the ice as before, he set his ownhuge paw forcibly on the ice, and, with a little effort, obtainedwater for himself."THE HOUSE DOG AND THE DUCK.HERE is an example of generosity :-"A favourite house-dog, left to the care of its master's ser-vants at Edinburgh while he was himself in the country, wouldhave been starved by them, had it not had resource to thekitchen of. a friend of its master's which it occasionally visited.Not content with indulging himself simply in this freak of goodfortune, this liberal-minded animal, a few days subsequently,falling in with a poor solitary duck, and possibly deeming it tobe in destitute circumstances, caught it up in his teeth, andcarried it to the well-stored larder that had so amply suppliedhis own necessities. He laid the duck at the cook's feet, withmany polite movements of his tail-the most expressive of


The Bravery of a Newfoundland Dog. 5canine features-then scampered off, with much seeming com-placency at having given his hostess this substantial proof ofhis grateful sense of favours received.""i CARLO," THE GALLANT PROTECTOR.YOUATT, in his " Humanity to Brutes," says :-" My own experience furnishes me with a remarkable in-stance of bravery in the dog. I had, many years ago, a New-foundland dog, as thoroughly attached to me as these faithfulcreatures generally are to those who use them well. It becameinconvenient for me to keep him, and I gave him to one whoI knew would be kind to him. Four years passed, and I hadnot seen him, although I had often inquired about him; butone day I was walking towards Kingston, and had arrivedat the brow of the hill, where Jerry Abershaw's gibbet thenstood, when I met 'Carlo' and the master to whom I hadconsigned him. He recollected me in a moment, and we mademuch of each other. His master, after a little chat, proceededtowards Wandsworth. 'Carlo,' as in duty bound, followed him.I had not, however, got more than half way down the hill, whenhe was by my side, lowly but deeply growling, and every hairbristling. I looked to the right, and there were two ill-looking-fellows making their way through the bushes, which thenoccupied the angular space between the Roehampton andWandsworth roads. Their intention was scarcely questionable;and, indeed, a week or two before, I had narrowly escaped fromtwo miscreants like them. I can scarcely tell what I felt, for,presently, one of the scoundrels emerged from the bushes nottwenty yards from me; but he no sooner saw my companion,and heard his growling, the loudness and depth of which were

6 " Noisy Curs " tauzght a Good Lessoz.fearfully increasing, then he retreated, and I saw no more ofhim or of his associate. My gallant defender accompanied meto the direction post at the bottom of the hill, and there, withmany a mutual and honest greeting, we parted, and he boundedaway to overtake his rightful owner."A NEWFOUNDLAND DOG S PUNISHMENT.DR. ABELL, says Mr. Youatt, in one of his lectures onphrenology, related a very striking anecdote of a Newfoundlanddog in Cork:-"This dog was of a noble and generous disposition, andwhen he left his master's house was often assailed by severallittle noisy curs in the street. He usually passed them withapparent unconcern, as if they were beneath his notice; but onelittle creature was particularly troublesome, and at lengthcarried his petulance so far as to bite the Newfoundland dog inthe back of his leg. This was a degree of wanton insult whichcould not be patiently endured, and he instantly turned round,ran after the offender, and seized him by the poll. In thismanner he carried him to the quay, and, holding him for sometime over the water, at length dropped him into it. He didnot, however, design that the culprit should be capitallypunished; he waited a little while, until the offender was notonly well ducked, but nearly sinking, and then he plunged inand brought him out safe to land. It would be difficult," saysthe doctor, "to conceive of any punishment more aptlycontrived, or more complete in character. A variety ofcomparisons, and motives, and generous feelings, entered intothe composition of this act."

" 7u0no's " Kindness to a ittcen. 7THE TRAVELLING DOG.THE following is from the " Ayr Observer" :-"A cattle dealer in Irvine is frequently in the habit, whenvisiting Ayr market on Tuesdays, of leaving his dog behindhim. On these occasions, upon missing his master, the animalhas been frequently known to take the next train to Ayr, visitthe cattle market, and, not finding the object of his search,return again to Irvine. His conduct has often attracted thenotice of the guards on the line, and his movements have beenwatched; but we have not heard by what class he is accus-tomed to travel, and at what rate he is charged."" JUNO " OVERCOMES THE KITTEN'S DISLIKE.THE following fact will show that instances of gratitude are notwanting in dogs :-" The very expression of poor 'Juno's countenance," saysProfessor Bell, in his "History of British Quadrupeds," "wasfull of sensibility and affection. She appeared to be always onthe watch to evince her love and gratitude to those who werekind to her, and the instinct of attachment was in her sopowerful, that it showed itself in her conduct to other animals aswell as to her human fricncs. A kitten, which had been latelytaken from its mother, was sent to us, and on 'Juno's' approachshowed the usual horror of the cat towards dogs. But 'Juno'seemed determined to conquer the antipathy; and, by the mostwinning and persevering kindness and forbearance, advancingor receding as she found the waywardness of her new friend'stemper required, she completely attached the kitten to her, andI have often seen them lying together before the fire, the kitten

8 Grief of a Poodle at a Kitten's Death.sucking her kind foster-mother, who was licking and caressingher as her own offspring. She would also play with greatgentleness with some tame rabbits of mine, and would enticethem to familiarity by the kindness of her manner; and so fondwas she of caressing the young of her own species, that when aspaniel of my father's had puppies, of which all, excepting one,were destroyed, 'Juno' would take every opportunity to steal theremaining one from its mother's nest, and carry it to herown, where she would lick and fondle it with the greatest kind-ness."THE POODLE AND KITTEN." I HAVE a poodle whom I would make tutor to my son, if I hadone. I sometimes use him towards my own education. Willnot the following trait of his character amuse you? He con-ceived a strange fondness-an absolute passion-for a youngkitten, which he carried about in his mouth for hours when hewent out to walk; and whenever he came to a resting-place, heset her down with the greatest care and tenderness, and beganto play with her. When he was fed, she always took the nicestpieces away from him, without his ever making the slightestopposition. The kitten died, and was buried in the garden.My poor poodle showed the deepest grief, would not touch food,and howled mournfully the whole night long. What was myastonishment, when, the next morning, he appeared carryingthe kitten in his mouth! He had scratched her out of theground, and it was only by force that we could take her fromhim."-" Tutti Frutti."

, i li, i!!//f, ~j i ,... ,,, iiiII j1I I-14I Mi, I !'fJ "..4,IN1:UI V z.~U; A f i l(k/ / ;zzzPOODLE AND KITTEN. [. 8.]

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Long _Journey of a Highland Colley Dog. 9THE WONDERFUL TRAVELLER.THE remarkable anecdote that follows, of a dog finding itsway home from a very long distance, is written by F. M.Burton, Esq. :-" A gentleman, who is very fond of farming, and a largebreeder of sheep, was much struck with the sagacity of theHighland collies, and on leaving the country he took home avery fine one for the purpose of introducing some of the rightsort of blood into our own mongrel breed of sheep dogs. Thedog was carried by his new master from Inverness by coach toGlasgow, shut up in a sort of cage, so constructed that he couldnot possibly see anything but the sky, the cage being open atthe top only. After passing a night at Glasgow, he was conveyednext morning, in the same cage, down the Clyde, and with hismaster proceeded by steamer to'Liverpool, landed there, and indue course of time was taken on, still shut up in the cage, to hisdestination in this country. Here, of course, he was muchadmired, and did his work well, until about three weeks after hisarrival, when he was suddenly missed. Every means were taken,by advertising and offering rewards, to recover him, but withoutsuccess, until, after the lapse of a little time, it was heard that adog answering the description of the advertisement had beenseen wandering about the docks at Liverpool for several days,but no one knew what had become of him. Nothing after thiswas made out further, until a short time afterwards, when a letterarrived from the old shepherd in Scotland, informing thegentleman who had purchased the dog that he had actually foundhis way back, unaided and alone, to his old master's shealing."3

r-~IO "Laddie" aids inz doctoring the Sheep.THE MASTIFF FIRE DISCOVERER.MR. CROUCH, in his " Illustrations of Instinct," writes:-" In the spring of the year 1845 a mastiff dog in Cornwall,having discovered that the roof of his master's house was inflames, ran in doors, howling dismally, and, pulling at thegarments of the inmates, urged their retreat from the building;and hurrying out of the house, howled again, and directed theirattention by his looks to the flaming roof."" LADDIE," THE MEDICAL ASSISTANT." IN the course of last summer, it chanced that the sheep onthe farm of a friend of ours, on the water of Stinchar, were,like those of his neighbours, partially affected with a commondisease in the skin, to cure which distemper it is necessary tocut off the wool over the part affected and apply a smallquantity of balsam. For this purpose the shepherd set off tothe hill one morning, accompanied by his faithful canine assist-ant, 'Laddie.' Arrived among the flock, the shepherd pointedout a diseased animal, and making the accustomed signal forthe dog to capture it, 'poor Mailie' was speedily sprawling onher back, and gently held down by the dog till the arrival ofher keeper, who proceeded to clip off a portion of her wool, andapply the healing balsam. During the operation, 'Laddie'continued to gaze on the operator with close attention, and thesheep having been released, he was directed to capture insuccession two or three more of the flock, which underwentsimilar treatment. The sagacious animal had now becomeinitiated into the mysteries of his master's vocation, for off heset unbidden through the flock, and picked out with unerring- -

The Jealousy of Mr. St. John's Dog, " Rover." Iprecision those sheep which were affected, and held them downuntil the arrival of his master, who was thus, by the extra-ordinary instinct of 'Laddie,' saved a world of trouble, whilethe operation of clipping and smearing was also greatlyfacilitated.''- Greenock Newspaper.JEALOUS " ROVER.MR. ST. JOHN, in his " Tour in Sutherlandshire," writes :-"Dogs have a great deal of jealousy in their disposition, andeven this may be made to assist in their education, as it makesthem strive to outdo each other. Every clever dog is especiallyunwilling that any of his companions should possess a greatershare of his master's favour than himself. One of my dogscould not be induced to hunt in company with another, of whoseadvances in my good graces he was peculiarly jealous. Therewas no other ground of quarrel between them. When 'Rover'saw that a young dog was to accompany me, he invariablyrefused to go out. He also showed his jealousy by flying athim and biting him on every occasion when he could do sounobserved. At last, however, when the young dog had grownolder, and discovered that his own strength was superior tothat of his tyrant, he flew upon poor 'Rover,' and amplyrevenged all the ill-treatment which he had received at hishands. From that day he was constantly on the look-out torenew his attacks; but having soon established his superiority,he thenceforth contented himself with striking down the olddog; and, after standing over him a minute or two, with teethbared ready for action, he suffered him to sneak quietly away;for Rover' was too old a soldier to resist when he foundhimself over-matched. At last the poor old fellow got so

12 The Faithful Mourner.bullied by this dog, and by two or three others, whom I am afraidhe had tyrannized over when they were puppies, that he neverleft the front door steps, or went round the corner of the house,before he had well reconnoitred the ground, and was sure thatnone of his enemies were near him. In his battles-with strangedogs he was one of the most courageous animals I ever had.""" GREYFRIARS' BOBBY."A VERY singular and interesting occurrence was lately broughtto light in the Burgh Court, by the hearing of a summons inregard to a dog-tax. Eight and a-half years ago it seems aman named Gray, of whom nothing more is known, except thathe was poor, and lived in a quiet way in some obscure part ofthe town, was buried in Old Greyfriars'-churchyard. Hisgrave, levelled by the hand of time, and unmarked by anystone, is now scarcely discernible; but though no human in-terest would seem to attach to it, the sacred spot has not beenwholly disregarded and forgotten. During all these years thedead man's faithful dog has kept constant watch and guardover the grave, and it was this animal for which the collectorssought to recover the tax. James Brown, the old curator ofthe burial-ground, remembers Gray's funeral; and the dog,a Scotch terrier, was, he says, one of the most conspicuous ofthe mourners. The grave was closed in as usual, and nextmorning 'Bobby,' as the dog is called, was found lying onthe newly-made mound. This was an innovation which oldJames could not permit, for there was an order at the gatestating, in the most intelligible characters, that dogs were notadmitted. 'Bobby' was accordingly driven out; but next

.i z -j-- = _:=__==______ -- I _____---------- \K -.---_--s- -,i--~~-~~------- .------- -7Z7GREYFRIARS' BOBBY, j 12Engraved, by permission, from the picture by Mr, Gourlay Steele, R.S6A.

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" Grey/riars' Bobby." 13morning he was there again, and for the second time wasdischarged. The third morning was cold and wet, and whenthe man saw the faithful animal, in spite of all chastisement,still lying shivering on the grave, he took pity on him and gavehim some food. This recognition of devotion gave 'Bobby'the right to make the churchyard his home; and from thattime to the present he has never spent a night away from hismaster's grave. Often, in bad weather, attempts have beenmade to keep him within doors, but by dismal howls he hassucceeded in making it known that this interference is notagreeable to him, and latterly he has always been allowed tohave his way. At almost any time during the day he may beseen in or about the churchyard; and no matter how rough thenight may be, nothing can induce him to forsake the hallowedspot, whose identity, despite the irresistible obliteration it hasundergone, he has so faithfully preserved. 'Bobby' hasmany friends, and the tax-gatherers have by no means provedhis enemies. A weekly treat of steaks was long allowed bySerjeant Scott, of the Engineers; but for more than six yearshe has been regularly fed by Mr. John Trail, of the restaurant,6, Greyfriars'-place. He is constant and punctual in his calls,being guided in his mid-day visits by the sound of the time-gun. On the ground of 'harbouring' the dog in this way,proceedings were taken against Mr. Trail for payment of thetax. The defendant expressed his willingness, could he claimthe dog, to be responsible for the tax; but so long as theanimal refused to attach himself to any one, it was impossible,he argued, to fix the ownership-and the court, seeing thepeculiar circumstances of the case, dismissed the summons.

14 "Bobby's" Observance of the Sabbath.'Bobby' has long been an object of curiosity to all who havebecome acquainted with his interesting history. His constantappearance in the graveyard has caused many inquiries to bemade regarding him, and efforts out of number have beenmade from time to time to get possession of him. The oldcurator of course stands up as the next claimant to Mr. Trail,and the other day offered to pay the tax himself rather thanhave 'Bobby'-' Greyfriars' Bobby,' to allow him his full'name-put out of the way.It appears that Bobby' is a Sabbath observer-at least tothis extent, that he knows that the place of refreshment atwhich he gets his dinner on week days is closed on Sunday;and he is sagacious enough to provide for this contingency bysaving, during the week, odd scraps of food, which he hides be-neath a tombstone adjoining the grave over which he keepswatch and ward. While sitting for his portrait in Mr. Steele'sstudio, 'Bobby,' on hearing the report of the time-gun-hisusual call to dinner-got quite excited, and refused to bepacified until supplied with his mid-day meal.-Scotsman, April18th, 1867."DASH," THE BUTCHER'S DOG.MR. WILCOX, of Liverpool Road, Islington, London, has acleyer little dog named "Dash." On week-day mornings, he;may be seen at the shop door, waiting for the "news-boy," fromwhom he receives a copy of the newspaper. Instantly "Dash"carries the paper to his master in the parlour. He, however,declines to give up possession of the paper until a piece of breadand butter is presented in payment for his services.

"Blucher's " Punishment of the Trespasser. 15THE FLOWER-PLUCKER PUNISHED.THE Rev. R. Dick Duncan in a letter says:-"In the front of Mr. S.'s house, there was a parterre in whichwere reared some beautiful flowers. The little children fromsome cottages in the neighbourhood were accustomed to stealin at the gate and pluck the flowers, to the great grief of Mr.and Mrs. S. One day, a little fellow was busy at the work.'Blucher' espied him, and with a bound was at his side.Gently tossing him down, and turning him on his face, the heroseized the astonished depredator by the clothes which coveredhis back. Then trotting off with him, he went out at the gate,and passed along the highway till he came to a shallow pool ofmuddy water, into which he suddenly dropped the delinquent.Making sure that the little fellow was neither hurt nor likely tobe drowned, 'Blucher' forthwith went quietly home. Thetidings spread amongst the children, and after that memorableday not a flower was ever touched."A BULL-TERRIER'S TENACITY OF LIFE.THE following remarkable fact is copied from the "WarringtonGuardian":-" On the 27th December, a bull-terrier dog was accidentallyburied and lost in a rabbit hole near Aston Hall. It was in agood condition at the time. It was only discovered and dugout on the 18th of January, by the keeper, who heard the poorcreature howling underneath. When restored to its master atthe Hall,-it was a mere skeleton, having been entombed twenty-three days, without meat or drink. The dog is now quiterecovered and again in good condition."

16 A Newfoundland saves His Enemy, a Masiff.THE NEWFOUNDLAND S RESCUE OF AN ENEMY." THERE is a well-authenticated anecdote of two fine dogsat Donaghadee," say the Messrs. Chambers in their "Anecdotesof Dogs," " in which the instinctive daring of the one in behalf ofthe other caused a friendship, and, as it should seem,_a kind oflamentation for the dead, after one of them had paid the debtof nature. This happened while the government harbour orpier for the packets at Donaghadee was in the course ofbuilding, and it took place in the sight of several witnesses.The one dog was a Newfoundland, and the other was a mastiff.They were both powerful dogs; and though each was good-natured when alone, they were very much in the habit offighting when they met. One day they had a fierce andprolonged battle on the pier, from the point of which they bothfell into the sea; and, as the pier was long and steep, they hadno means of escape but by swimming a considerable distance.Throwing water upon fighting dogs is an approved means ofputting an end to their hostilities; and it is natural to supposethat two combatants of the same species tumbling themselvesinto the sea would have the same effect. It had, and eachbegan to make for the land as he best could. The Newfoundland,being an excellent swimmer, very speedily gained the pier, onwhich he stood shaking himself, but at the same time watchingthe motions of his late antagonist, who, being no swimmer, wasstruggling exhausted in the water, and just about to sink. Indashed the Newfoundland dog, took the other gently by thecollar, kept his head above water, and brought him safely onshore. There was a peculiar kind of recognition between thetwo animals: they never fought again, they were always

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The Bold Conduct of " Lion." 17together; and when the Newfoundland dog had been accidentallykilled by the passage of a stone waggon on the railway overhim, the other languished and evidently lamented for a longtime."" LION " ARRESTS A THIEF.MR. M. WESTCOTT wrote, a few years ago, as follows in " TheNaturalist " :-"JOSEPH PARSONS, Esq., has a fine dog of the Newfoundlandspecies, who is a very docile and affectionate fellow to all withwhom he is acquainted, but he is very sparing of his friendshipto strangers, nor will he hold familiar acquaintance with anyone until he has seen them about the premises some time. Heis by no means a savage animal, however, for he was neverknown to attack any person excepting on one occasion, and thenhe doubtless felt himself in duty bound to do so in order toprotect his master's property. On this occasion the subject ofhis displeasure was a stranger who came into the yard, and'Lion,' not liking his appearance, followed him about. Theman, unconscious of the dog's sagacity, and therefore carelessof his presence, secreted a chamois skin and water-brush, whichthe groom had been using, and was about leaving the place, whenhe was pounced upon by the dog, thrown down, and kept thereuntil some of the men came to his rescue. Before he left, theyelicited from him a confession of the theft he had committed,which, of course, they assigned as the sole cause of his havingbeen so summarily dealt with by his detector, for strangers arealmost every day seen in the yard by 'Lion,' passing to and fro,without the least attempt at interference."4

18 A Blood-hounta' s Acute Scent.A DEER-STEALER DISCOVERED BY A BLOOD-HOUND.BLOODHOUNDS were formerly used in certain districts lyingbetween England. and Scotland that were much infested byrobbers and murderers, and a tax was laid on the inhabitantsfor keeping and maintaining a certain number of these animals.But as the arm of justice is now extended over every part ofthe country, and as there are now no secret recesses wherevillainy can be concealed, their services in this respect arebecome no longer necessary. Some few of these dogs, however,are yet kept in the northern parts of the kingdom, and in thelodges of the royal forests, where they are used in pursuit ofdeer that have been previously wounded. They are alsosometimes employed in discovering deer-stealers, whom theyinfallibly trace by the blood that issues from the wounds of theirvictims.A very extraordinary instance of this occurred in the NewForest, in the year I8Io, and was related to me by the RightHon. G. H. Rose. A person in getting over a stile into a fieldnear the forest, remarked that there was blood upon it.Immediately afterwards he recollected hearing that some deerhad been killed in the preceding night. The man went to thenearest lodge to give information, but, the keeper being fromhome, he was under the necessity of going to Rhinefield Lodge,which was at a considerable distance: Toomer, the underkeeper,went with him to the place, accompanied by a bloodhound. Thedog, when brought to the spot, was laid on the scent, and afterfollowing for about a mile the track which the depredator hadtaken, he came at last to a heap of furze faggots belonging tothe family of a-cottager. The woman of the house attempted

Murderers apprekended by a Dog. 19to drive the dog away, but was prevented; and on the faggotsbeing removed a hole was discovered in the ground, whichcontained the body of a sheep that had recently been killed,and also a considerable quantity of salted meat. Thecircumstance which renders this account the more remarkableis, that the dog was not brought to the scent until more thansixteen hours had elapsed after the man had carried awaythe sheep.THE DOG WHO DETECTED MURDER.WE are told by Plutarch of a certain Roman slave in the civilwars, whose head nobody durst cut off, for fear of the dog thatguarded his body, and fought in his defence. It happened thatKing Pyrrhus, travelling that way, observed the animalwatching over the body of the deceased, and hearing that hehad been there three days without meat or drink, yet would notforsake his master, ordered the body to be buried, and the dogpreserved and brought to him. A few days afterwards, therewas a muster of the soldiers, so that every man was forced tomarch in order before the king. The dog lay quietly by himfor some time; but when he saw the murderers of his lateowner pass by, he flew upon them with extraordinary fury,barking, and tearing their garments, and frequently turningabout to the king, which both excited the king's suspicion, andthe jealousy of all who stood about him. The men were inconsequence apprehended, and though the circumstances whichappeared in evidence against them were very slight, theyconfessed the crime, and were accordingly punished.-Chambers'" Anecdotes of Dogs."

20 " Rock" saves a Drowning Man.THE SAGACIOUS DOG, " ROCK.)A REMARKAFLE instance of the sagacity of the dog occurred afew months ago in London. Capt. Talbot's man-servant anddog were having their usual daily stroll along the Regent'sPark Ornamental Water, when the feet of a man were seenjust above the water. The servant called the dog's attentionto them, when instantly " Rock " dashed into the water. In afew moments he seized hold of one of the legs of the trousers,and struggled hard to draw the body out, but without avail.Then was witnessed one of the most remarkable instances ofdog sagacity ever recorded. The noble creature suddenlydived down, seized the man by the coat collar, and in a fewmoments reappeared on the surface, dragging the body to theshore! All honour to " Rock," to John Adams, and also tothe police by whose persevering efforts the man was restored toconsciousness. We regret that the rules of the Royal HumaneSociety have not allowed them to respond to our appeal for " acollar of honour " for " Rock," but we are glad to state that anumber of our friends have cheerfully contributed the needfulsum for one with silver mountings, which Captain Talbot hascourteously accepted. It bears the following inscription:" PRESENTATION COLLAR, in honour of 'ROCK'S' sagacity insaving a man from drowning in the Regent's Park OrnamentalWater, April 6th, 1869. Presented by some of the readers of the' British Workman.' "THE DOG WHO COULDN T BE JEERED AT." I WAS walking, some weeks ago," says the Rev. B. Grant,"in a neighbouring town with a friend, who was accompanied

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Mr. Hogg's Account of " Hector." 21by a small half-bred Italian greyhound. As we approached alarge factory, the dog all at once started off at a tangent, runningthrough a gentleman's grounds, and meeting us again at somedistant point. I remarked upon the conduct of his dog to myfriend : he told me that the dog generally did so if he werewalking with it at the time the factory hands were coming out,as was the case in this instance. He said the 'hands' hadjeered and laughed at the little dog sometimes, and since thenit always made a bend out of the main street in order to avoidmeeting them. Surely here was an instinct approaching toreason. We were not near the mill at the time, but a street fromit; but the dog evidently remembered the circumstance of themill hands laughing at him, and therefore, to avoid the likeoccurrence, acted in the manner I have described."" HECTOR, THE FAITHFUL WATCHER.MR. HOGG, the Ettrick Shepherd, writing to "Blackwood'sMagazine," says :-" I must give you some account of my renowned 'Hector,'which I promised long ago. I was once at the farm Shorthope,on Ettrick Head, receiving some lambs that I had bought andwas going to take to market, with some more, the next day.Owing to some accidental delay, I did not get final delivery ofthe lambs till it was growing late, and, being obliged to be atmy own house that night, I was not a little dismayed lest I shouldscatter and lose my lambs if darkness overtook me. Darknessdid overtake me by the time I got half-way, and no ordinarydarkness for an August evening. The lambs having beenweaned that day, and of the wild black-faced breed, became

22 " Hector, " the Faithful Watcher.exceedingly unruly, and for a good while I lost hopes of master-ing them. 'Hector' managed the point, and we got them safehome, but both he and his master were alike sore forefoughten.It had become so dark that we were obliged to fold them withcandles, and, after closing them safely up, I went home with myfather and the rest to supper. When Hector's' supper was setdown, behold he was a-wanting! and, as I knew we had him atthe fold, which was within call of the house, I went out andcalled and whistled on him for a good while, but he did notmake his appearance. I was distressed about this; for, havingto take away the lambs next morning, I knew I could not drivethem a mile without my dog, if it had been to save the wholedrove."The next morning, as soon as it was day, I arose andinquired if 'Hector' had come home. No, he had not been seen.I knew not what to do, but my father proposed that he wouldtake out the lambs and herd them, and let them get some meatto fit them for the road, and that I should ride with all speed toShorthope, to see if my dog had gone back there. Accordingly,we went together to the fold to turn out the lambs, and therewas poor 'Hector,' sitting trembling in the very middle of thefold door, on the inside of the flake that closed it, with his eyesstill steadfastly fixed on the lambs. He had been so hardly setwith them after it grew dark, that he durst not for his life leavethem, although hungry, fatigued, and cold-for the night hadturned out a deluge of rain. He had never so much as laindown, for only the small spot that he sat on was dry, and therehad he kept watch the whole night. Almost any other colleywould have discerned that the lambs were safe enough in the

A Water-spaniel's Knowledge of Time. 23fold, but honest Hector' had not been able to see through this.He even refused to take my word for it, for he would not quit hiswatch, though he heard me calling both at night and morning."THE REV. F. H. HELE S WATER-SPANIEL.THE following fact illustrates in a remarkable manner thesagacity which some dogs possess in being able to distinguishdays of the week :-"The Rev. F. H. Hele, of Little-tHempston, near Totnes,had, a few years since, a water-spaniel which was much attachedto the family, and never seemed happy when alone, even if leftmerely for a few minutes. Whenever any of the family wereabout to go to the village, about a mile off, the dog alwaysfollowed, and, if driven back, was sure to gain his point at last;but, strange to stay, on a Sunday morning he quietly escortedhis friends to the end of the garden gate, and returned to hisusual station outside the house door until their return fromchurch."A MURDER PREVENTED."VERY extraordinary stories have been told of dogs discoveringand circumventing plans to injure the persons of their masters,in which it is difficult to place implicit credit. We give one ofthe most marvellous of these anecdotes, as it is usually related.Sir Henry Lee, of Ditchley, in Oxfordshire, ancestor of the Earlsof Lichfield, had a mastiff which guarded the house and yard,but had never met with any particular attention from his master.In short, he was not a favourite dog, and was retained for hisutility only, and not from any partial regard. One night, as

24 Prevention of Murder by a Masliff.Sir Harry was retiring to his chamber, attended by his favouritevalet, an Italian, the mastiff silently followed them up stairs,which he had never been known to do before, and, to his master'sastonishment, presented himself in the bed-room. Being deemedan intruder, he was instantly ordered to be turned out, which,being complied with, the poor animal began scratching violentlyat the door, and howling loudly for admission. The servantwas sent to drive him away. Discouragement, however, couldnot check his intended labour of love; he returned again, andwas more importunate to be let in than before. Sir Harry,weary of opposition, though surprised beyond measure at thedog's apparent fondness for the society of his master who hadnever shown him the least kindness, and wishing to retire torest, bade the servant open the door, that they might see whathe wanted to do. This done, the mastiff, with a wag of thetail, and a look of affection at his lord, deliberately walked up,and crawling under the bed, laid himself down, as if desirous totake up his night's lodgings there. To save further trouble,and not from any partiality for his company, this indulgencewas allowed. The valet withdrew, and all was still. About thesolemn hour of midnight the chamber door opened, and a personwas heard stepping across the room. Sir Harry started fromsleep; the dog sprang from his covert, and, seizing the unwelcomedisturber, fixed him to the spot. All was dark: Sir Harry ranghis bell in great trepidation, in order to procure a light. Theperson who was pinned to the floor by the courageous mastiffroared for assistance. It was found to be the favourite valet,who little expected such a reception. He endeavoured toapologise for his infusion, and to make the reasons which

A Terrier's KCnowledge of Church-time. 25induced him to take this step appear plausible; but the impor-tunity of the dog, the time, the place, the manner of the valet,raised suspicions in Sir Harry's mind, and he determined torefer the investigation of the business to a magistrate. Theperfidious Italian, alternately terrified by the dread of punish-ment, and soothed by the hope of pardon, at length confessedthat it was his intention to murder his master and then rob thehouse. This diabolical design was frustrated solely by theunaccountable sagacity of the dog, and devoted attachment tohis master. A full length picture of Sir Harry, with the mastiffby his side, and the words, More faithful than favoured,' isstill preserved among the family pictures."-Chambers' "Anec-dotes of Dogs."THE DOG WHO KNEW " CHURCH TIME.VERY curious are those many instances on record of dogsseeming to take note of the lapse of time, and distinguishingbetween a Sunday and a work-day. Thus writes the Rev,Leonard Jenyns:-" A lady (Mrs. Grosvenor, afterwards of Richmond, Surrey,)living in the neighbourhood of my own village, had some yearsback a favourite Scotch terrier, which always accompanied herin her rides, and was also in the habit of following the carriageto church every Sunday morning. One summer the lady andher family were from home several weeks, the dog being leftbehind. The latter, however, continued to come -to churchby itself for several Sundays in succession, galloping off fromthe house at the accustomed hour, so as to arrive at the time ofservice commencing. After waiting in the churchyard a short5

26 The Regular Sunday Visitant.time, it was seen to return home quiet and dispirited. Thedistance from the house to the church is three miles, and beyondthat at which the ringing of the bells could be ordinarily heard.This was probably an instance of the force of habit, assistedby some association of recollections connected with -the move-ments of the household on that particular day of the week."" GRASPER, THE SUNDAY VISITOR.THE following, sent to me by E. D. Conyers, Esq., of Elms-well, near Driffield, is another instance of a dog's discernmentof the Sabbath :-" Fifteen or sixteen, or it may be seventeen, years ago,when I resided in Driffield, a terrier dog, named 'Grasper,'was given to me by Mrs. Wilkinson, the widow of Mr. MatthewWilkinson, the well-known Master of the Hurworth hounds.After the dog had been about two years in my possession, hedeclined (from some cause for which I could never account)following me either on foot or on horseback more than a fewyards from the house, and consequently, becoming useless asa companion, I sent him to a farm which I then occupied atSunderlandwick, about a mile and a half from Driffield." Here he was never fastened up, but allowed to range aboutas he pleased-he never attached himself to any particularindividual, nor could he be persuaded to follow any one off thepremises; but from the second or third Sunday after he hadbeen sent away, he regularly visited my house at Driffield everySunday (so long as he was able to walk) during the remainderof his life. The first intimation I had of a visit was a continuedscratching at the front door about ten o'clock on Sunday

7he Dog who hoarded against lHard Times. 27morning. I at length went to the door myself, and there foundhim crouched on the step. I spoke kindly to him, and, wagginghis tail, he followed me meekly into the dining-room, and laydown under the sideboard, where he remained, seldom changinghis position, until the following day, when he suddenly left thehouse and returned to Sunderlandwick; and from that time, solong as he was able to travel so far, he never missed a Sunday,and as soon as he could get into the dining-room invariablytook his old place under the sideboard, where a plate of meatwas always placed for him at dinner-time. Sometimes heremained until Tuesday morning, but generally left on Monday.He lived to a great age, as it was only when his teeth and eyeshad entirely failed that I gave orders to have him destroyed.His nose was perfect to the last; and when he was scarcely ableto move about he would sit perfectly quiet, at any place wherehe has marked a rat, for hours, until some one came to assistin dislodging it. I have had many good terriers, but Grasper'was the best at vermin I ever saw. His portrait, by Fernly,jun., hangs in the entrance hall at Elmswell."THE DOG WHO PREPARED FOR FAMINE.MR. WHEELER supplies me with the following fact :-"A mansion in Gloucestershire had been let to a new familywho undertook not only to keep the house in order, but to main-tain a large dog which had been left there by the owner of thehouse. When the new comers went away for the season, thedog was-placed on board wages with the dairy maid, who issupposed not to have overfed her boarder, and therefore, at allfuture breakings up of the establishment, he knew by preparatory

28 " Phbe " and " Chloe," ihe Amicable Pair.packing and other signs that the day of dearth was approaching,and very wisely used to prepare for famine, by hoarding upunpicked bones and all scraps, which he would at other times,and in palmy days, have turned up his nose at."THE FRIENDS, "PHCEBE' AND "CHLOE."J. GWYNNE, Esq., in " The School for Fathers," narrates thefollowing interesting fact:-" Two individuals," he says, " appeared in the shrubbery,stepping soberly along, one a little in advance of the other, andboth wearing a meek air of virtue and duty and goodness, whichstrangely became them. One gently nodded its head up anddown as it advanced; the other, on the contrary, held it stiff andstraight, merely fixing a pair of soft dark eyes on the vicar themoment it saw him. He looked fondly towards them, and said,'Those are "Phoebe" and "Chloe"-my mare and Newfoundland;and huge friends they are, I assure you. "Chloe" knows whenthe groom goes to saddle "Phoebe," and then she lies down withher nose between her paws, watching him. The minute he hasdone, up she jumps, the rein is put into her mouth, and sheleads "Phoebe" up to the door as you now see ; and not only that,but she follows me in my ride, and when we get home again Igive her the rein, and she leads her friend back to her stable.If the lad happens not to be in the way, "Chloe" barks till hecomes. Now, just watch them.' ""TYKE," THE FIREMEN S DOG.A FEW years ago, the public were amused with an account

" Tyke,' the Firemen' s Dog. 29given in the newspapers of a dog which possessed the strangefancy of attending the various fires that occurred in themetropolis. The discovery of this predilection was made by agentleman residing a few miles from town, who was called up inthe middle of the night by the intelligence that the premisesadjoining his house of business were on fire." The removal of my books and papers," said he, in tellingthe story, " of course claimed my attention; yet, notwith-standing this, and the bustle which prevailed, my eye every nowand then rested on a dog, whom, during the hottest progress ofthe conflagration, I could not help noticing running about, andapparently taking a deep interest in what was going on,contriving to keep out of everybody's way, and yet alwayspresent amidst the thickest of the stir. When the fire was gotunder, and I had leisure to look about me, I again observed thedog, which, with the firemen, appeared to be resting from thefatigues of duty, and was led to make some inquiries respectinghim." Is this your dog, my friend ?' said I to a fireman."' No, sir,' answered he; 'it does not belong to me, or toany one in particular. We call him the firemen's dog.'"'The firemen's dog!' I replied. 'Why so? Has he nomaster?'" No, sir,' rejoined the fireman; he calls none of us master,though we are all of us willing enough to give him a night'slodging and a pennyworth of meat. But he won't stay long withany of us; his delight is to be at all the fires in London; and,far or near, we generally find him on the road as we are goingalong, and sometimes, if it is out of town, we give him a lift.

30 " Tyke," the Firemen's Dog.I don't think there has been a fire for these two or three yearspast which he has not been at.'"The communication was so extraordinary that I found itdifficult to believe the story, .until it was confirmed by theconcurrent testimony of several other firemen. None of them,however, were able to give any account of the early habits ofthe dog, or to offer any explanation of the circumstances whichled to this singular propensity. Some time afterwards, I wasagain called up in the night to a fire in the village in which Iresided (Camberwell, in Surrey), and, to mysurprise, here I againmet with 'the firemen's dog,' still alive and well, pursuing,with the same apparent interest and satisfaction, the exhibitionof that which seldom fails to bring with it disaster andmisfortune, oftentimes loss of life and ruin. Still, he called noman master, disdained to receive bed or board from the samehand more than a night or two at a time, nor could the firementrace out his resting place." Such was the account of thisinteresting animal as it appeared in the newspapers, to whichwere shortly afterwards appended several circumstancescommunicated by a fireman at one of the police offices. Amagistrate having asked him whether it was a fact that the dogwas present at most of the fires that occurred in the metropolis,the fireman replied that he never knew "Tyke," as he wascalled, to be absent from a fire upon any occasion that he (thefireman) attended himself. The magistrate said the dog musthave an extraordinary predilection for fires. He then asked whatlength of time he had been known to possess that propensity.The fireman replied that he knew " Tyke" for the last nineyears, and although he was getting old, yet the moment the

" Tyke," tle Firemen's Dog. 31engines were about, "Tyke" was to be seen, as active as ever,running off in the direction of the fire. The magistrate inquiredwhether the dog lived with any particular fireman. Thefireman replied that "Tyke" liked one fireman as wellas another; he had no particular favourites, but passedhis time amongst them, sometimes going to the houseof one, and then to another, and off to a third when hewas tired. Day or night, it was all the same to him; if afire broke out, there he was in the midst of the bustle,running from one engine to another, anxiously looking afterthe firemen; and although pressed upon by crowds, yet,from his dexterity, he always escaped accidents, onlynow and then getting a ducking from the engines, which herather liked than otherwise. The magistrate said that " Tyke "was a most extraordinary animal, and having expressed a wishto see him, he was shortly after exhibited at the office, andsome other peculiarities respecting him were related. Therewas nothing at all particular in his appearance. He was arough-looking small animal, of the terrier breed, and seemedto be in excellent condition, no doubt from the care taken of himby the firemen belonging to the different companies. There wassome difficulty experienced in bringing him to the office, as hedid not much relish going any distance from where the firemenare usually to be found, except in cases of attending them at aconflagration, and then distance was of no consequence. Itwas found necessary to use stratagem for the purpose. A fire-man commenced running; " Tyke," accustomed to follow uponsuch occasions, set out after him; but this person havingslackened his pace on the way, the sagacious animal, knowing

32 A Nezvfoundland'Ys Resczue of His Master.there was no fire, turned back, and it was necessary to carryhim to the police-office.-C/hambers' " Anecdotes of Dogs.THE DOG WHO SAVED HIS MASTER'S LIFE.GARRETT, in his " Marvels and Mysteries of Instinct,"- writes :-" The Newfoundland dog has a sagacity that is remarkablystrong and humane in its character. This animal appears as ifdesigned to be a companion to man, but more particularlywhen he is exposed to the perils of the water. With semi-webbedfeet, which make him a good swimmer, and an inclination toenter the water, this element seems half natural to his nature.It is when persons are in the act of drowning that the sagacityof this dog displays itself more strongly, and innumerable liveshas it saved from a watery grave. One instance will serve ourpurpose as well as a hundred which might be enumerated. Asingular case is given of a person who was travelling in Holland,and accompanied by a Newfoundland dog. Not taking properheed to his steps in an evening walk along a high bank by theside of one of those canals common in the country, his footslipped, letting him into the deep with a plunge; and, beingunable to swim, the fish's element soon deprived him of hissenses. In the meantime, the sagacious animal had no soonerdiscovered the danger to which his master was exposed, thanhe was in the water, and engaged in the struggle to rescue himfrom his peril, A party at a distance saw the faithful servantat one moment pushing, and at another dragging, the bodytowards a small creek, when, at length, he succeeded in landinghis charge and placing it as far from the water as possible.This being done, the dog first shook himself, and then licked

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The Faithful Guarder of Food. 33the hands and face of his apparently dead lord. The bodybeing conveyed to a neighbouring house, the efforts to restorethe lost senses were successful."GUARDING THE LEG OF MUTTON.BLAINE narrates the following interesting anecdote:-" I was once called from dinner in a hurry to attend to some-thing that had occurred. Unintentionally I left a favourite cat inthe room, together with a no less favourite spaniel. When Ireturned, I found the latter, which was not a small figure,extending her whole length along the table, by the side of a legof mutton which I had left. On my entrance she showed nosigns of fear, nor did she immediately alter her position. I wassure, therefore, that none but a good motive had placed her inthis extraordinary situation; nor had I long to conjecture. Pusswas skulking in a corner, and, though the mutton was untouched,yet her conscious fears clearly evinced that she had been drivenfrom the table in the act of attempting a robbery on the meat,to which she was too prone, and that her situation had been occu-pied by this faithful spaniel to prevent a repetition of the attempt.Here was fidelity united with great intellect, and wholly freefrom the aid of instinct. This property of guarding victualsfrom the cat, or from other dogs, was a daily practice with thisanimal; and while cooking was going forward, the floor mightbe strewed with eatables, which would have been all safe fromher own touch, and as carefully guarded from that of others."THE SHOE-BLACK'S DOG.THE following is from Chambers' " Anecdotes of Dog" :-"An English officer, who was in Paris in 1815, mentions the6

34 Tie Shoe-black's Cunni ng Poodle.case of a dog belonging, to a shoe-black, which brought cus-tomers to its master. This it did in a very ingenious, andscarcely honest, manner. The officer, having occasion to crossone of the bridges over the Seine, had his boots, which hadbeen previously polished, dirtied by a poodle dog rubbingagainst them. He, in consequence, went to a man who wasstationed on the bridge, and had them cleaned. The samecircumstance having occurred more than once, his curiosity wasexcited, and he watched the dog. He saw him roll himselfinto the mud of the river, and then watch for a person with well-polished boots, against which he contrived to rub himself.Finding that the shoe-black was the owner of the dog, he taxedhim with the artifice; and, after a little hesitation, he confessedthat he had taught the dog the trick in order to procure cus-tomers for himself. The officer, being much struck with thedog's sagacity, purchased him at a high price, and brought himto England. He kept him tied up in London some time, andthen released him. The dog remained with him a day or two,and then made his escape. A fortnight afterwards, he wasfound with his former master, pursuing his old trade of dirtyinggentlemen's boots on the bridge."A PRACTICAL HINT.THE following, from Mure's " Journal of a Tour in Greece andthe Ionian Islands," though not, strictly speaking, an anecdote,gives a very useful hint how best to ward off a canine attack:-" At Argos one evening, at the table of General Gordon, thenCommander-in-Chief in the Morea, the conversation happenedto turn on the number and fierceness of the Greek dogs, when

How to ward off a Canine Altack. 35one of the company remarked that he knew a very simpleexpedient for appeasing their fury. Happening on a journeyto miss his road, and being overtaken by darkness, he soughtrefuge for the night at a pastoral settlement by the wayside. Aslie approached, the dogs rushed out upon him, and theconsequence might have been serious had he not been rescuedby an old shepherd, the Eummeus of the fold, who sallied forth,and finding that the intruder was but a benighted traveller, afterpelting off his assailants, gave him a hospitable reception in hishut. His guest made some remarks on the watchfulness andzeal of his dogs, and on the danger to which he had beenexposed in their attack. The old man replied that it was hisown fault for not taking the customary precaution in such anemergency-that he ought to have stopped, and sat down, untilsome person whom the animals knew came to protect him. Asthis expedient was new to the traveller, he made some furtherinquiries, and was assured that if any person in such apredicament will simply seat himself on the ground, laying asidehis weapons of defence, the dogs will also squat in a circleround him; that as long as he remains quiet they will follow hisexample, but as soon as he rises and moves forward they willrenew the assault."THE TRUMPETER AND DOG."IN the triumphal entrance of the troops, the chief heroes ofthe day (with the exception of General Prim,. who was sogreeted that he had to deliver half a dozen speeches as he wentthrough the streets), were a trumpeter and a. dog. Their gloryobscured that of all the army. The trumpeter belongs to the

36 The Trumpeltr's Dog, " Palomo."Bourbon regiment; he is a very active fellow, but is of shortstature. When in Africa, he happened one day, whilst in theadvanced posts with his company, to be excessively hungry,and he could not get any food. At last he perceived a numberof oak trees, and said to himself, 'Where there are- oak treesthere are acorns, which at a pinch can be eaten.' He accord-ingly slipped away, and passed unobserved by the sentinels,climbed up the tree, and began eating. He was suddenlyinterrupted by a strange noise, and, to his dismay, perceived thatthe tree was surrounded by furious looking Moors. Flight wasimpossible, and resistance out of the question; but a brightidea struck him: he seized his trumpet and sounded the charge.The Moors, thinking that they had fallen into an ambush, took toflight. This exploit of the trumpeter excited great admirationat the time, and on the entrance of the troops, the crowd notonly greeted him with enthusiasm, but he was borne in triumphon men's shoulders, and crowned with laurel! From time totime, at the request of the people, he sounded the charge whichhad struck terror into the breasts of the Moors. As to the dog,he belongs to the riflemen of Baza. He was sold by his ownerfor a loaf, to a soldier of the 4th company, at Barcelona; andhis new master gave him the name of 'Palomo,' and sharedwith him his food. The other soldiers also treated himkindly, and the animal conceived an affection not only for hismaster but for the whole of the men. When the war broke out,the battalion was ordered to Algesiras to embark, and the dogwas left behind at Barcelona. But just as the battalion wasabout to leave, he reached that port and joined the men: howhe found his way there, none could tell. He was, however,

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Seven Young Ducks brought zi by Busy." 37left behind; but one day he arrived mysteriously in Morocco,and again joined his battalion! He took part in all the combatsup to the taking of Tetuan, and in that affair he was struck bya ball, which has made him lame for life. In the entrance ofthe troops, he marched modestly at the head of his battalion,but was covered with flowers and laurel. He has beenappointed honorary corporal in the battalion, and wore theinsignia of that grade."-Slandard, June, 1860."4BUSY'S" AFFECTION FOR SEVEN DUCKS.A CORRESPONDENT of the " Naturalist" magazine relates :-"In the early part of last spring I called on a cottager,a poor neighbour, who I heard was ill. I found him sitting byhis fire with a spaniel and her puppy, six weeks or two monthsold, and a cat, and a half-grown kitten. The dog got up togreet me, for we are old acquaintances and good friends, whenfrom under her ran seven young ducks, a few days old. Thewoman of the house told me that they had been hatched undera hen, which would not take care of them, and that she hadbrought them into the house to keep them warm. The spanielimmediately took to them, and whenever she came in and laydown by the fire, the ducks ran to her and nestled among herlong hair. I asked her how the cat agreed with them, to whichshe replied that 'Busy' (such is the spaniel's name) would notsuffer anything to come near them; and I had proof of this, forher own puppy went up close to one of them as though to playwith it, when she snapped at him and drove him away. One ofthe ducks soon died, having, apparently, something wrong inits head, but the other six throve under 'Busy's' care, and are now

38 A Shepherd''s Dog briiings back tlze Flock.fine ducks, fit for table. The woman added that she was remark-ably fond of young little things, and would nestle a brood ofyoung chickens like a hen."THE FLOCK OF SHEEP BROUGHT BACK.SIR PATRICK WALKER tells the following story:-" One of the most interesting anecdotes I have known relatesto a sheep dog. The names of the parties have escaped mejust now, but I recollect perfectly that it came from an authenticsource. The circumstances were these :-A gentleman sold aconsiderable flock of sheep to a dealer, which the latter had nothands to drive. The seller, however, told him he had a veryintelligent dog which he could send to assist him to a placeabout thirty miles off, and that, when he reached the end of hisjourney, he had only to feed the dog and desire him to gohome. The dog accordingly received his orders, and set offwith the flock and the drover. But he was absent for so manydays that his master began to have serious alarms about him,when, one morning to his great surprise, he found the dog returnedwith a very large flock of sheep, including the whole that he hadlately sold. The fact turned out to be, that the drover wasso pleased with the colley that he resolved to steal him, andlocked him up until the time when he was to leave the country.The dog grew sulky, and made various attempts to escape; andone evening he fortunately succeeded. Whether the animal haddiscovered the drover's intention, and supposed the sheep werealso stolen, it is difficult to say; but by his conduct it looked so;for he immediately went to the field, collected the sheep, anddrove them all back to his master."

A Retriever saves a Drowning Lad. 39CRAB CAPTURING.COUCH, in his " Illustrations of Instinct," says :-"The modes employed by dogs of different races in capturingand devouring the crab, and especially that pugnacious species,the velvet crab, will illustrate the experience which hasbecome propagated in the breed over the ignorance of theuninitiated. On the first discovery of the prey, a terrier runsin to seize it, and is immediately and severely bitten on the nose.But a sedate Newfoundland dog of my acquaintance proceedsmore soberly in his work. He lays his paw on it, to arrest it inits escape; then, tumbling it over, he" bares his teeth, and,seizing it with the mouth, throws the crab aloft: it falls uponthe stones; the shell is cracked beyond redemption; and thenthe dainty dish is devoured at his leisure."THE CLEVER STAFFORDSHIRE DOG.The Times of June Ist, 1867, contained the following in-teresting paragraph :-" On Thursday morning last a boy named Hargreaves, 11years of age, was playing on the bank of the Cauldon Canal,near Hanley, when he accidently fell into the water. Accordingto his own intelligent account of what happened, he wassinking the second time, when a retriever dog, belonging toMr. Elijah Boulton, grocer, of Hanley, seeing him in thewater, sprang in to the rescue, seized the back of his waistcoat,and dragged him to land. The poor little fellow soon re-covered himself, and walked home. The dog walked by hisside until he had reached his father's door, and then, with a

40 The Good-tcemjered, thougz Ill-trealed, lNeafoundland.self-congratulatory wag of his tail, trotted off to Mr. Boulton'shouse."Through the courtesy of Mr. Boulton, who has kindly sentus a photograph of the boy and the dog, we are enabledto present our readers with the annexed engraving.THE GOOD-NATURED NEWFOUNDLAND."I POSSESS opportunities," says Mr. Couch, in his " Illustra-tions of Instinct," "of frequently observing the conduct of a dog,who through life has displayed manifestations of a good naturewhich distinguishes him from the generality of his caninebrethren, and which, after subjecting him to much distress, hasestablished him in a situation in which this amiable qualityprocures him proportionate esteem. He is of the Newfoundlandrace, and first saw the light in some part of North America.Being of robust nature, it was thought that he would be valuableon board ship, to which, therefore, he was consigned, and hewould have fulfilled the expectations of his owner, if he had beenrequired to plunge into the ocean to save a man from drowning.But he could not be made to understand that man could beotherwise than honest, or an enemy to man, and therefore,being-judged too quiet for his situation, the poor dog was turnedadrift in an English port, to obtain food and shelter whereverhe could find it. His fine appearance and docility soon obtainedhim a master; but the same fault accompanied him, and it couldnot be believed that he could be of any service when he wouldnot snarl at a stranger, or quarrel with a neighbour. Twice,therefore, was this poor dog turned out to seek his casual fortune;and though a little food would suffice, and refuse fish as soon as

Illustrations of the Reasoning Faculty in Dogs. 41any, our poor Boatswain was in danger of being starved, when alittle boy took compassion on his lank appearance and milddeportment, and by dint of entreaty obtained permission toassign him a resting-place, with the condition that, to providehim food, he would, in case of necessity, share with him a portionof his own. By the superior authorities this was a reluctantpermission; but his affectionate behaviour soon succeeded ineffecting a reconciliation. It is amusing to see how fondly thispoor creature is attached to all the members of the protectingfamily. A slight notice is acknowledged rather by an inwardthan an outward rejoicing, and he will suffer without a murmura rejection, and even expulsion, from a favourite situation,frequently even on the utterance of a simple command. But hismost characteristic expression, is when he manifests similarkindly feelings to his canine brethren, many of whom are toosurly to accept them in the spirit in which they are offered; andthe appearance of mortified 'disappointment in his countenance,when his approaches to friendly intercourse are met by a growl,are exceedingly expressive."REASONING DOGS.HERE are three facts, illustrative of what I do not see that wecan call by any other name than a pure reasoning faculty: Thefirst is from the pen of Mr. Broderip:-" We remember to have been particularly struck with thebehaviour of a dog that had lost his master. We were walkingdown a hilly field, whose path terminated at a stile, which openedupon a road, running due east and west. This road was cutat right angles by another road running northward. A dog7

42 A Fox-hound's Sagacity.passed with his nose close to the ground, keeping the downwardpath till he arrived at the stile, through which he squeezedhimself, and, with his nose still down, he first hunted busily alongthe eastern branch and then along the western. He now retracedhis steps, and when he came nearly opposite the northern road,he lifted his head, looked about him for a moment or two, andthen set off along that road as fast as he could go, withoutputting his nose to the ground, as if thinking within himself, heis not gone that way-nor is he gone that way; therefore hemust have gone this way: an operation of the mind very likea syllogism."Akin to this is the incident I next relate, for which Mr. St.John is my authority, in the work already named-" A Tourin Sutherlandshire" :-" While on this island, too, another interesting incident tookplace: we heard the baying of a hound on the shore. At firstI imagined that some fox-hunter's dog had strayed away inpursuit of, and was still running, a fox or deer, but on lookingwith my glass, I saw a fine fox-hound sitting on a point of landwhich reached into the lake, and howling in a manner whichplainly showed he had lost his master: and having heard mefire at a crow, he imagined that I was the person he was insearch of. After howling for a minute or two, till the hillsaround echoed with his deep voice, the gallant dog swam intothe loch, and made for an island on which I had fired at a greycrow. I saw him land, and, with nose to the ground, take upour track; but after a little hesitation he found that the scentwas not that of his master, nor of any one he knew, so, plunging

A Dogs Reasoning Faculty. 43into the loch again, he made for the main land, and havingreached it after a stout battle with the waves (the wind thenbeing high), he continued his search round the shore of thelake, taking, however, no further notice of us, although I firedone or two more shots within his hearing. The instinct andreasoning of the dog struck me as very great in his manner oftrying if we belonged to the party who had been up to the highground before daybreak in pursuit of a lamb-killing fox, for weafterwards heard that the fox-hunter of the district had beenfollowing his avocation on the heights of Ben Cleebrick thatmorning, and that some of his dogs had strayed away from himin pursuit, probably, of a deer, though he owned only to theirhaving followed a fox."The third and last anecdote that I shall quote under this head,I am sorry to say I omitted to note the authority for at thetime I extracted it; but I am confident of its authenticity :-"A gentleman having ridden sixteen miles in the winter,followed by his faithful dog, the poor creature, wearied with hisjourney, fell so fast asleep before the fire, that his master wentout of the room unperceived by him. On his return the gentle-men in the travellers' room said to him, We have beenamused, sir, with your dog. When he awoke, he was in greattrouble at finding his master gone. He, however, went roundthe room and smelt at all the great-coats hanging up on thewall, and, when he found his master's great-coat, he returned tothe fire-place, and composed himself for another nap, as if hehad reasoned with himself and come to the conclusion: " Mymaster won't go away without his great-coat! " '"

44 The Lost Child fed by a Shepherd's Dog.A DOG SUPPLYING CAKE TO A LOST CHILD." ONE of the most striking instances which we have heard,"say the Messrs. Chambers, in their "Anecdotes of Dogs," " ofsagacity and personal attachment in the shepherd's dog,occurred about half a century ago among the Grampian moun-tains. In one of his excursions to his distant flocks, a shep-herd took with him one of his children. After traversingthe hills for some time, attended by his dog, the shep-herd found himself under the necessity of ascending asummit at some distance to have a more extensive view of hisrange. As the ascent was too fatiguing for the child, he lefthim on a small plain at the bottom, with strict injunctions notto stir from it till his return. Scarcely, however, had he gainedthe summit, when the horizon was suddenly darkened by one ofthose inpenetrable mists which frequently descend so rapidlyamidst these mountains, as, in the space of a few minutes,almost to turn day into night. The anxious father instantly has-tened back to find his child; but, owing to the unusual darkness,and his own trepidation, he unfortunately missed his way in thedescent. After a fruitless search of many hours amongst thedangerous morasses and cataracts with which these mountainsabound, he was at length overtaken by night. Still wanderingon without knowing whither, he at length came to the verge ofthe mist, and, by the light of the moon, discovered that he hadreached the bottom of the valley, and was within a short distanceof his cottage. To renew the search that night was equallyfruitless and dangerous. He was therefore obliged to returnto his cottage, having lost both his child and his dog, whichhad attended him faithfully for years. Next morning, by day-


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The Dog brings Cake to the Lost Child. 45break, the shepherd, accompanied by a band of his neighbours,set out in search of his child; but, after a day spent in fruitlessfatigue, he was at last compelled, by the approach of night, todescend from the mountain. On returning to his cottage, hefound that the dog, which he had lost the day before, had beenhome, and, on receiving a piece of cake, had instantly gone offagain. For several successive days the shepherd renewed thesearch for his child, and still, on returning at evening dis-appointed to his cottage, he found that the dog had been home,and, on receiving his usual allowance of cake, had instantlydisappeared. Struck with this singular circumstance, heremained at home one day, and when the dog as usual departedwith his piece of cake, he resolved to follow him, and find outthe cause of his strange procedure. The dog led the way toa cataract, at some distance from the spot where the shepherdhad left his child. The banks of the cataract almost joined atthe top, yet, separated by an abyss of immense depth, presentedthat appearance which so often astonishes and appals the tra-vellers who frequent the Grampian mountains, and indicatesthat these stupendous chasms were not the silent work of time,but the sudden effect of some violent convulsion of the earth.Down one of these rugged and almost perpendicular descentsthe dog began, without hesitation, to make his way, and at lastdisappeared into a cave, the mouth of which was almost upon alevel with the torrent. The shepherd with difficulty followed;but, on entering the cave, what were his emotions when hebeheld his child eating with much satisfaction the cake whichthe dog had just brought him, while the faithful animal stoodby, eyeing his young charge with the utmost complacence!-------

46 Hollowing the Sand for Coolness.From the situation in which the child was found, it appears thathe had wandered to the brink of the precipice, and then eitherfallen or scrambled down, till he reached the cave, which thedread of the torrent had afterwards prevented him from quitting.The dog, by means of his scent, had traced him to the spot;and afterwards prevented him from starving, by giving up tohim his own daily allowance. He appears never to have quittedthe child by night or day, except when it was necessary to gofor his food, and then he was always seen running at full speedto and from the cottage."THE DOG WHO HOLLOWED THE SAND FOR MOISTURE.MONSIEUR AL-PHONSE DE CANDOLLE has communicated to the" Bibliotheque Universelle de Geneve " the following observa-tions on the instinct of animals :-" Being last October in the neighbourhood of Aiguesmortes,I had occasion to observe a remarkable instance of intelligencein a dog. The day was hot, and the season unfavourable, byreason of the trade winds, so troublesome on the shores of theMediterranean. After walking several hours in the desert whichseparates.the town of Aiguesmortes from Carmagne, we arrivedat a plain where we found, in the midst of a whirlwind, someremains of a shipwreck. Out of three dogs which had followedour guide, only two had accompanied us to this spot. Theirblack hair attracted the rays of the sun, and the poor creatures,like ourselves, seemed to find the sand somewhat too warm tobe pleasant. I sat down on a mat half buried in the sand.One of the dogs quickly conceived the idea of establishingitself near me. It nestled close to a horizontal plank by way of

The Dog taking care of the Louis d'or. 47procuring a little shade, but, finding this insufficient, it hollowedthe sand until it came to the part moistened by the sea. Itthen stretched itself with delight in this fresh and shady bed.There, said I, is an undoubted instance of reason. Had it beeninstinct, every animal of the same species placed in similar cir-cumstances would have acted alike. But the other dog, thoughof the same race, and also weary, knew not what to do; it writhedin the hot sand. One of these dogs evidently remembered thatby hollowing the sand-hillocks a cool and moist part is arrivedat, and it applied the reminiscence to this particular case."THE DOG WITH THE LOUIS D OR.PROFESSOR Bell tells the following anecdote:-"An intimate friend of mine possessed a water-dog whichevinced a remarkable degree of intelligence scarcely less thanhuman. One instance of her sagacity and faithfulness I cannotrefuse myself the pleasure of recording. My friend wastravelling on the Continent, and his faithful dog was his com-panion. One day, before he left his lodgings in the morning,with the expectation of being absent until evening, he took outhis purse in his room for the purpose of ascertaining whether hehad taken sufficient money for a day's occupation, and thenwent his way, leaving his dog behind. Having dined at acoffee-house, he took out his purse, and missed a louis d'or,searched for it diligently, but to no purpose. Returning homein the evening, his servant let him in, with a face of muchsorrow, arid told him that the poor dog was very ill, as she hadnot eaten anything all day, and, what appeared very strange,she would not suffer him to take her food away from before her,

48 A Newfoundland's Rescue of a Child.but had been lying with her nose close to the vessel withoutattempting to touch it. On my friend entering his room, sheinstantly jumped upon him, then laid the louis d'or at his feet,and immediately began to devour her food with great voracity.The truth was now apparent: my friend had dropped-the moneyin the morning when leaving his room, and the faithful creaturefinding it, had held it in her mouth, until his return enabled herto restore it to his own hands--even refusing to eat for a wholeday, lest it should be out of her custody. I knew the dog well,and have witnessed very many curious tricks of hers showingdocility."THE RESCUE OF A CHILD." THE Newfoundland is known to be superior to most others inthe power of swimming, for which it is peculiarly fitted, byhaving the foot partly webbed. Some years ago, a nurse wasplaying with a child on the parapet of a bridge over the Liffey.With a sudden spring, the child fell into the river. Theagonised spectators saw the waters close over the child, andimagined that it had sunk to rise no more, when a noble dog,seeing the catastrophe, gazed wistfully at the ripples on thesurface made by the child's descent, and rushed in to its rescue.At the same instant, the poor little thing reappeared on thesurface : the dog seized it, and, with a firm but gentle pressure,bore it to the shore without injury. Among the spectatorsattracted to the spot was a gentleman who appeared stronglyimpressed with admiration for the sagacity and promptness ofthe dog. On hastening to get near him, he saw, with terror,joy, and surprise, that the child was his own! Such was his

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Riunaway Horse stopced by a B ll-terrier. 49himselfof gratitude, that, it is said, he offered five hundredanoteas for the noble animal."---Salad for the Social.SWIMMING TO CHURCH.A LADY living in the neighbourhood of my own village hascommunicated to me, says the Rev. Leonard Jenyns, a some-what extraordinary anecdote:--" It appears that a poodle dog, belonging to a gentleman inChester, was in the habit of not only going to church, butremaining quietly in the pew during service, whether his masterwas there or not. One Sunday, the dam at the head of a lakein the neighbourhood gave way, so that the whole road wasinundated. The congregation, in consequence, consisted of afew who came from some cottages close by, but nobody attendedfrom the great house. The clergyman informed the lady, that,whilst reading the Psalms, he saw his friend the poodle comeslowly up the aisle dripping with wet, having swum about aquarter of a mile to get to church. He went as usual into thepew, and remained to the end of the service."THE DOG WHO STOPPED THE RUNAWAY HORSE.THE following anecdote seems almost to betoken a reasoningpower in the dog. The authority for it is Mr. G. P. R. Pul-man :-" A gentleman of my acquaintance at Axminster, in Devon-shire, was a few years since the owner of a very intelligent andsagacious dog. It was a white bull-terrier of the largest size;by no means remarkable for its beauty, but singularly docile,and strongly attached to its master, of whom it was the con-8

50 A Dog's Search/ for his /Mzaster.stant companion in the extensive journeys which, as a ccial traveller, he was in the habit of taking. One day, M.had occasion to call at a house at the entrance to Lyme Regi.and accordingly alighted from his gig for that purpose, leavinghis dog on the driving box. The horse, from some cause, tookfright, and started at a tremendous pace towards the town, withthe reins trailing on the ground in dangerous proximity to itsfeet. In a few seconds, after apparently deliberating how toact, the dog leaped from the gig and seized the reins in itsmouth, pulling them with all its strength, and allowed itself tobe dragged for a considerable distance, till he actually suc-ceeded in stopping the horse by pulling it round into a gate-way; he retained a tight hold of the reins, only relinquishingthem when some persons seized the horse's head. This extra-ordinary effort of what it would be difficult to designate as lessthan reason, was witnessed by several persons besides theowner of the dog, who, as may be imagined, was both surprisedand delighted at an achievement which, besides its singularity,was in all probability the means of preventing a serious acci-dent."A LONG SEARCH."A SHORT time ago," says the " Preston Guardian," of 1860,"a dog, well known to the railway officials from his frequenttravelling with his master, presented himself at one of thestations on the Fleetwood, Preston, and Longridge line. Afterlooking round for some length of time amongst the passengersand in the carriages, just as the train was about to start heleaped into one of the compartments of a carriage, nd laid'*;----

"Beau's" Obedience on Sundays. 5himself down under the seat. Arriving at Longridge, he madeanother survey of the passengers, and, after waiting until thestation had been. cleared, he went into the Railway StationHotel, searched all the places on the ground-floor, then wentand made a tour of inspection over the adjoining grounds, but,being apparently unsuccessful, trotted back to the train, andtook his old position just as it was moving off. On reachingthe station from which he had first started, he again lookedround as before, and took his departure. It seems that he nowproceeded to the general railway-station at Preston, and, afterrepeating the looking-round performance, placed himself underone of the seats, in a train which he had singled out of the manythat are constantly popping in and out, and in due time arrivedat Liverpool. He now visited a few places where he had beforebeen with his master, of whom, as it afterwards appeared, hewas in search. Of his adventures in Liverpool little is known,but he remained over night, and visited Preston again early thefollowing morning. Still not finding his missing master, hefor the fourth time took the train,' this time, however, toLancaster and Carlisle, at which latter place the sagacity andfaithfulness of the animal, as well as the perseverance and tacthe displayed in prosecuting his search, were rewarded by find-ing his master. Their joy at meeting was mutual.""BEAUS 1" RESIGNATION.CORNWALL SIMEON tells the anecdote which follows : -" A King Charles' spaniel belonging to a lady, a relation ofmy own, was constantly in the habit of attending her when shewent out .driving, and, if it was wished that he should not

52 MAonctdidier's Faithf/l Greyhound.accompany her, it was necessary to shut him up to prevent himfrom doing so. On Sundays she went to teach at the villageschool, where his presence was of course undesirable. To mysurprise, one Sunday morning I saw her preparing for astart to the school, leaving .' Beau' at liberty in the dining-room, which was on the ground floor, opening on the carriagedrive by which she would leave the house. I was proceedingto shut him up, when she said, 'Oh, you need not troubleyourself to do that; he knows quite well that it is Sunday, andwon't attempt to go with me.' She was perfectly right.' Beau' sat in a chair, watching her through the open window,as she drove off, looking the picture of mortified resignation,but not offering to quit his place, though he had not been toldto remain there."THE DOG OF MONTARGIS.A GENTLEMAN named Macaire, an officer of the king's body-guard, entertained, for some reason, a bitter hatred againstanother gentleman, named Aubrey de Montdidier, his comradein service. These two having met in the Forest of Bondy,near Paris, Macaire took an opportunity of treacherouslymurdering his brother officer, and buried him in a ditch.M\ontdidier was unaccompanied at the moment, excepting by agreyhound, with which he had probably gone out to hunt. Itis not known whether the dog was muzzled, or from what othercause it permitted the deed to be accomplished without itsinterference. Be this as it might, the hound lay down on thegrave of its master, and there remained till hunger compelled itto rise. It then went to the kitchen of one of Aubrey de

-Iii 1 1i1li bII i ~iitll I I_____B/I II a '2rjfl:'111HiIIM lliBy permission] [Sir E. Landseer.HIGH LIFE.2i~~ .III 1 ~~~lli~llil~~~~~~~I~I I ~t IiI II~-,~_~i-=~E~a Y~~ II[llL"~ls~~~ ,I'i,,;*i. ,,' ~KK'\ :a'By permission] [Sir E. Landseer.HIGH LIFE.

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The Avenger of iMulder. 53Montdidier's dearest friends, where it was welcomed warmly,and fed. As soon as its hunger was appeased the dogdisappeared. For several days this coming and going wasrepeated, till at last the curiosity of those who saw itsmovements was excited, and it was resolved to follow theanimal, and see if anything could be learned in explanation ofMontdidier's sudden disappearance. The dog was accordinglyfollowed, and was seen to come to a pause on some newlyturned up earth, where it set up the most mournful wailings andhowlings. These cries were so touching, that passengers wereattracted, and finally, digging into the ground at the spot, theyfound there the body of Aubrey de Montdidier. It was raisedand conveyed to Paris, where it was soon afterwards interred inone of the city cemeteries. The dog attached itself from thistime forth to the friend, already mentioned, of his late master.While attending on him, it chanced several times to get a sightof Macaire, and on every occasion it sprang upon him andwould have strangled him, had it not been taken off by force.This intensity of hate on the part of the animal awakened asuspicion that Macaire had had some share in Montdidier'smurder, for his body showed him to have met a violent death.Charles V., on being informed of the circumstances, wishedto satisfy himself of their truth. He caused Macaire and thedog to be brought before him, and beheld the animal againspring upon the object of its hatred. The king interrogatedMacaire closely, but the latter would not admit that he hadbeen in any way connected with Montdidier's murder. Beingstrongly impressed by a conviction that the conduct of the dogwas based on some guilty act of Macaire, the king ordered a

54 The Extensive American Traveler.combat to take place between the officer and his dumb accuser,according to the practice, in those days, between humanplaintiffs and defendants. This remarkable combat took placeon the Isle of Notre Dame, at Paris, in presence of the wholecourt. The king allowed Macaire to have a strong club as adefensive weapon, while, on the other hand, the only self-preservative means allowed to the dog consisted of an emptycask, into which it could retreat if hard pressed. Thecombatants appeared in the lists. The dog seemed perfectlyaware of its situation and duty. For a short time it leaptactively around Macaire, and then, at one spring itfastened itself upon his throat in so firm a manner that hecould not disentangle himself. He would have been strangledhad he not cried for mercy, and avowed his crime. The dogwas pulled from off him, but he was only liberated from itsfangs to perish by the hands of the law. The fidelity of thisdog has been celebrated in many a drama and poem, and it hasbeen usually called the Dog of Montargis, from the combathaving taken place at the chateau of Montargis.-Chambers'" Anecdotes of Dogs."THE AMERICAN. TOURIST.THE following anecdote, from a friend, is very wonderful:-" On the i9th of May, 1834, a party who had been living atQuedgeley, within two miles of Gloucester, sailed from Bristol toNew York, intending to settle in one of the Western States ofAmerica. They took with them a wire-haired terrier, whichwhelped during the passage. The distance from Quedgeley toBristol is twenty-seven miles. From New York they proceededU

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Artful Conduct of a Neazfozundland. 57to leave room for the opening of the gate. Here was a plainand palpable act of reasoning. :'Why does not my master comein as usual ? This little fellow is in the way, and he cannotopen the gate without disturbing or hurting him. I'll get ridof that;' and immediately he rolls the obstacle aside, but, withthe characteristic noble feeling of his breed, he takes care notto hurt the invalid. 'Now,' he continues, 'I must take myselfout of the way, and then every obstacle will be removed.' Nophilosopher ever reasoned more accurately than our beautifulNewfoundland dog. No one ever drew more legitimate conse-quences from certain existing premises."HIDING THE WHIP SHAFT.A LARGE Newfoundland dog, that might be seen any day at No.9, Argyle-street, Glasgow, has added one more instance to themany on record of the sagacity of dogs. It seems that being,like other juveniles, somewhat fond of fun, he required toreceive occasional discipline, and for that purpose a whip shaftwas kept beside him, which was occasionally applied to him.He evidently did not like this article, and was found occasionallywith it in his teeth moving slyly to the door with it. Being leftat night on the premises, he found the hated article, and thrustthe small end below the door, but the thick end refused to go.A few nights afterwards the whip shaft was left beside him, andwas never seen again. He had put the thick end below thedoor, and some one had pulled it out. On the dog being askedwhere it was, he looked very guilty, and slunk away with histail between his legs. This same dog gets his provisions in atin can. Taking a walk, he saw a child carrying a tin exceed-9

58 Macalister helped by his Colley Dogs.ingly like his. He quietly seized it by the handle and carriedit to his quarters, the child holding on and screaming all theway. When shown his own, he seemed quite ashamed of hismistake,-and allowed the frightened child to go with the tin hehad mistaken for his own. This sagacious dog is in the habitof begging money from his biped acquaintance, with which hemarches to a baker's shop and buys bread, which he comeshome with, and eats when hungry.THF FAITHFUL COLLEY DOGS.THIS next fact is from the " Glasgow Post " :--" A few days since, while Hector Macalister was on the Arranhills looking after his sheep, six miles from home or otherhabitation, his two colleydogs started a rabbit, which ran undera large block of granite. He thrust his arm under the stone,expecting to catch it; but instead of doing so he removed thesupports of the block, which instantly came down on his arm,holding him as fast as a vice. His pain was great; but thepangs he felt were greater when he thought of home and thedeath he seemed doomed to die. In this position he lay fromten in the morning till four in the afternoon; when finding thatall his efforts to extricate himself were unavailing, he triedseveral times without effect to get his knife out of his pocket tocut his arm off. His only chance now was to send home hisdogs, with the view of alarming his friends. After much diffi-culty, as the faithful creatures were most unwilling to leavehim, he succeeded, and Mrs. Macalister, seeing them returnalone, took the alarm, and, collecting the neighbours, went insearch of her husband, led on by the faithful colleys. When

Sixty Lambs succoured by a Hound. 59they came to the spot, poor Macalister was speechless withcrying for assistance. It required five strong men to removethe block from his arm."A HOUND THE MEANS OF SAVING MORE THAN SIXTY LAMBS.THE following startling fact is from the "DumfriesCourier " :" The farm of Airdrie, parish of Kirkbean, which contains avariety of soil, has been for some time in the possession of Mr.R. A. Oswald, of Auchincrieve. The present, as the readerknows, has been a most disastrous lambing season, and althoughKirkbean is a wild waste parish, even there the loss of stockhas been very great. For a number of weeks the careful shep-herds have been as much exposed as His Majesty's mail-guardswhen the country is blockaded, feeding weak ewes, and pickingup deserted lambs, which they carry to their masters' or theirown homes, where they are nursed as carefully as orphanchildren. A hound noticed what was going forward, and,though fourteen months had elapsed since she has had pups,strange to say, she has already been the means of succouringand saving more than sixty woolly nurslings that might other-wise have perished. Night and day she may be seen lying onsheepskins before the kitchen fire with half a dozen lambsaround her, distinguishing the weakest from such as are some-what stronger, and devoting to them the most assiduous atten-tion. Repeatedly when some of the invalids have got a littleround, they have been conveyed to the hillside with the view ofmothering them, and very often, when left free, she has not onlysought out her former nurslings, but carried them home again------ --------1i

60 The TWonderful Bull-terrier.with the greatest care, although the distance is more than amile. After the servants have gathered to rest, Mr. McCracken,while reading in the parlour, sometimes lights his candle andvisits the kitchen, to see how his woolly family, with their hairynurse, are getting on. The lambs, when they see the light, arepainfully affected, bleat piteously, and run about the floor, buttheir guardian soon puts everything to rights by poking themgently with her nose back to their former position. Althougha more remarkable circumstance has rarely, if ever, fallen underour notice, and though some may affect incredulity, there arewitnesses whose testimony prove it to be true to the letter."THE " LEARNED BULL-TERRIER.I so entirely agree with the remarks of Mr. St. John, at theconclusion of the following anecdote, that I here insert it. Hesays :-"Although I am perfectly content with witnessing the sagacityand instinct displayed by my own dogs in their every-dayemployments and proceedings, and am, generally speaking,unwilling to countenance the trickery of what are called 'learneddogs,' yet the other day, to please my children, I allowed awoman, who sent up a most dirty-faced card, announcingherself as the possessor of 'the most astonishing learned dogever known,' to exhibit the animal in our front hall." The woman herself was a small, sharp-looking personage,with the sodden, hard expression of feature peculiar to that classwho travel in caravans, and exhibit dwarfs, giants, and such likevamped-up wonders. The dog was a well-fed, comfortable-looking kind of bull-terrier, slightly rough about the muzzle;

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The Bull-terrier's Clever Tricks. 61but, notwithstanding his quiet and sedate look, there was acertain expression of low cunning and blackguardism about hisface which would have stamped him anywhere as the associateof vile and dissolute company, and although he wagged hisstumpy tail, and pretended to look amiable at his equallycunning mistress, his attempts at amiability seemed to be ratherthe effects of kicks and blows than of genuine attachment. Hereceived her caresses too with a kind of uncertain appearanceof pleasure, as if he did not much value them, but of the tworather preferred them to her kicks. On entering the hall hecast a kind of hasty look around him, much as you would expecta rogue to do on entering a shop from which he intended topurloin something; however, on the woman producing certaindirty cards, with their corners all worn round by constant use,and marked with numbers, letters, &c., the dog preparedhimself for action, with a preparatory lick at his lips, and asuspicious look at his mistress. The tricks consisted of theusual routine of adding up figures, spelling short words, andfinding the first letter of any town named by one of thecompany. This last trick was very cleverly done, and puzzledus very much, as we-i.e., the grown-up part of his audience-were most intently watching, not him, but his mistress, in orderto discover what signs she made to guide him in his choice ofthe cards; but we could not perceive that she moved hand orfoot, or made any signal whatever. Indeed, the dog seemed topay little regard to her, but to receive his orders direct fromany one who gave them. In fact, his teaching must have beenperfect, and his intellect wonderful. Now, I dare say, I shallbe laughed at for introducing an anecdote of a learned dog, and

62 A Yozung Blood-h/ound's Faculty of Scent.told that it was all a 'trick.' No doubt it was all a 'trick,' butit was a very clever one, and showed how capable of educationdogs are-far more so than we imagine; for here was a dogperforming tricks so cleverly, that not one out of four or fivepersons, who were most attentively watching him, could find outhow he was assisted by his mistress. The dog, too, as thewoman said, was by no means one of the easiest to teach."SCENT IN DOGS.THE following are two illustrations of this remarkable power.The first is from Mr. St. John's " Tour in Sutherlandshire " :-" An extraordinary instance of this faculty in a youngblood-hound occurred some fifteen or sixteen years back inWorcestershire, for the truth of which I can vouch. At thehouse of a lady in the country, where a young full-grownblood-hound was kept, the harness-room was robbed duringthe night. Some of the grooms, who found out the robbery atan early hour in the morning, having heard that blood-houndswould hunt men, took the dog out, and put him on the foot-steps, which at that hour were plainly visible on the dewy grass.The dog immediately took up the scent, the servants followed,and, after a run of twelve miles, came to a cottage, where boththe thieves and the harness were discovered. It appeared that thethieves had waded through a tolerably broad but shallowstream; the dog scarcely came to a check here, the scentappearing to remain in the morning mists, which were stillhanging on the surface of the water. He went straight across,and at once took up the scent on the opposite side of the river."In the Spanish West India Islands, there are officers called

The War Indian Chasseurs and their Dogs. 63=--:'=--~- -- --s- "----CL --- --- --~- ---- ---. "0- <chasseurs kept in continual employment. The business ofthese men is to traverse the country with their dogs, for thepurpose of pursuing and taking up all persons guilty of murderor other crimes, and no activity on the part of the offenders willenable them to escape. The following, from Bingley's bookon " Dogs," is a very remarkable instance, which happenednot many years ago :-" A fleet from Jamaica, under convoy to Great Britain, passing

64 Frienildshzi 6clZwen Poinuiers and Rals.through the Gulf of Mexico, beat up on the north side of Cuba.One of the ships, manned with foreigners (chiefly renegadeSpaniards), in standing in with the land at night, was run onshore. The officers and the few British seamen on board weremurdered, and the vessel was plundered by the renegadoes.The part of the coast on which the vessel was stranded beingwild and unfrequented, the assassins retired with their booty tothe mountains, intending to penetrate through the woods to someremote settlements on the southern side, where they hoped tosecure themselves, and elude all pursuit. Early intelligence ofthe crime had, however, been conveyed to Havanna. Theassassins were pursued by a detachment of the Chasseurs delRey, with their dogs, and in the course of a very few days theywere every one apprehended and brought to justice."The dogs carried out by the Chasseurs del Rey are allperfectly broken in. Oncoming-up with the fugitive, they bark athim till he stops; they then crouch near him, terrifying himwith a ferocious growling if he attempts to stir. In this positionthey continue barking, to give notice to thechasseurs, who comeup and secure their prisoner.POINTERS AND RATS.Mr. EDWARD JESSE relates, in his last edition of " Gleaningsin Natural History," that a gentleman of his acquaintance, whofed his own pointers, observed through a hole in the door anumber of rats running about the kennel, some of them eatingfrom the trough with his dogs, who made no attempts tomolest them, or indicate that their presence was unwelcome.Resolving to shoot the intrusive rats, he, next day, put the

A Spaniel's Discovery of a " Lark." 65food as usual in the area of the kennel, but kept out thedogs. Not a rat came to taste. He saw them peering fromtheir holes; but they were too well versed in human nature toventure forth without the protection of their canine guard.After the lapse of half an hour the pointers were let in, whenthe rats immediately sallied forth from their places of observa-tion, joined their hosts, and dined with them as fearlessly andheartily as usual.A'DOG'S DETECTION OF A "LARK.'MR. M. WESTCOTT also tells the following story:-" A friend of mine was acquainted with a man who had aspaniel dog, which.was very much attached to him. The dog'smaster, it seems, was a particular friend of 'John Barleycorn's;'and on one of his occasionial visits to the house where thatnotable person may be found, his companions blacked his facefor a 'lark.' Not being aware of the trick they had played him,he left the house and went on his way home. The dog, notliking his master's strange-looking face, began barking at him-would run away, then come back, and cut such capers, that hismaster exclaimed, There is something or other the matter withme, but none is so faithful as my dog to inform me of it.' Helooked at himself over and over again, but could see nothinguncommon : however, the dog continued in his efforts tomake his master understand what was the matter with him.Followed-by young urchins, who were merry at his. expense, hewent into the first house he came to, and there a peep at themirror told him what his sagacious dog wished him to know."10

66 Rushing to the Police for Protection.TAKING REFUGE WITH THE POLICE.A SOMEWHAT curious example of intelligence in a dog, is statedto have occurred some years ago at Toulouse. Somemischievous boys cruelly fastened a tin kettle to its tail, andthe poor animal, in great terror, ran off, closely pursued bythem. In spite of his terror, the dog, it was noticed, looked ina peculiar way at the houses he passed, as if seeking for shelterin one of them ; and at last, seeing one in which was the officeof the commissary of police, he rushed into it, entered the office,and quietly lay down, as if certain of obtaining protection. Ifthe local newspapers are to be believed, the reason why the dogselected the office of the commissary, in preference to any other,was, that his mistress, an old and somewhat eccentric lady,having a few days before been persecuted by the same boys,went to the commissary, and sought and obtained his protection.The dog, which was with her at the time, remembered, thelocal journals remark, the effect produced, and in his turn tookadvantage of it."(SIRRAH' S MANAGEMENT OF A FLOCK.JAMES HoGG, the " Ettrick Shepherd," who possessed the bestopportunities of studying the character of the shepherd's dog,mentions that he at one time had a dog, called " Sirrah," ananimal of sullen disposition, and by no means favourableappearance, which was an extraordinary adept in managing aflock. One of his exploits was as follows :-"About seven hundred lambs, which were once under hiscare at weaning-time, broke up at midnight, and scampered offin three divisions across the hills, in spite of all that the shep-

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