Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Chapter I: The Indiaman
 Chapter II: The history of Walter...
 Chapter III: Walter Heathfield's...
 Chapter IV: I perform a satisfactory...
 Chapter V: Suspicious behaviour...
 Chapter VI: The ship in danger
 Chapter VII: We enter the eastern...
 Chapter VIII: Cross the sea of...
 Chapter IX: The Moluccas
 Chapter X: A desert island...
 Chapter XI: Our island
 Chapter XII: Our life on the...
 Chapter XIII: The treasures of...
 Chapter XIV: Carried off by...
 Chapter XV: Our adventures in New...
 Chapter XVI: Our perilous...
 Chapter XVII: The Aru Islands...
 Chapter XVIII: A search for birds...
 Chapter XIX: Voyage continued
 Chapter XX: A modern Crusoe's...
 Chapter XXI: Sedgwick Island and...
 Chapter XXII: Wreck of the...
 Chapter XXIII: Our first excursion...
 Chapter XXIV: Excursion continued...
 Chapter XXV: Termination of our...
 Chapter XXVI: The expedition along...
 Chapter XXVII: Our hill-fort
 Chapter XXVIII: Attacked by...
 Chapter XXIX: Building of...
 Chapter XXX: Walter disappears...
 Chapter XXXI: Mr. Sedgwick's unfortunate...
 Chapter XXXII: The "Hope" sails...
 Chapter XXXIII: Walter's adven...
 Chapter XXXIV: Walter's adventures...
 Chapter XXXV: Walter's adventures...
 Chapter XXXVI: An eruption of the...
 Chapter XXXVII: Old England reached...
 Back Cover

Group Title: In the eastern seas, or, The regions of the bird of paradise : A tale for boys
Title: In the eastern seas, or, The regions of the bird of paradise
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00026190/00001
 Material Information
Title: In the eastern seas, or, The regions of the bird of paradise A tale for boys
Alternate Title: Regions of the bird of paradise
Physical Description: 608 p. : ill., maps (some col.) ; 19 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Kingston, William Henry Giles, 1814-1880
Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: T. Nelson and Sons
Place of Publication: London ;
Edinburgh ;
New York
Publication Date: 1871
Subject: Natural history -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Explorers -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Seafaring life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Uncles -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Sick -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Juvenile fiction -- Malaysia   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1871
Genre: novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: by W.H.G. Kingston.
General Note: "I have endeavoured ... to describe minutely and exactly the numerous objects of natural history which exist in ... the Malay or Eastern Archipelago" - Pref.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00026190
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002392071
notis - ALZ6967
oclc - 17156798

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
        Paeg i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    Chapter I: The Indiaman
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Chapter II: The history of Walter and Emily
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Chapter III: Walter Heathfield's journal
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    Chapter IV: I perform a satisfactory exploit
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Chapter V: Suspicious behaviour of the Lascars
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
    Chapter VI: The ship in danger
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
    Chapter VII: We enter the eastern seas
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
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        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
    Chapter VIII: Cross the sea of Celebes
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
    Chapter IX: The Moluccas
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
    Chapter X: A desert island is reached
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
    Chapter XI: Our island
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
    Chapter XII: Our life on the island
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
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        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
    Chapter XIII: The treasures of our island
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
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    Chapter XIV: Carried off by savages
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
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    Chapter XV: Our adventures in New Guinea
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
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        Page 232
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        Page 234
    Chapter XVI: Our perilous escape
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
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        Page 252
    Chapter XVII: The Aru Islands visited
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
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        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
    Chapter XVIII: A search for birds of paradise
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
        Page 278
        Page 279
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
        Page 283
        Page 284
    Chapter XIX: Voyage continued
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
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        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
    Chapter XX: A modern Crusoe's island
        Page 301
        Page 302
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
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        Page 313
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        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
    Chapter XXI: Sedgwick Island and its wonders
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
        Page 327
        Page 328
        Page 329
    Chapter XXII: Wreck of the "Dugong"
        Page 330
        Page 331
        Page 332
        Page 333
        Page 334
        Page 335
        Page 336
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        Page 351
    Chapter XXIII: Our first excursion in the island
        Page 352
        Page 353
        Page 354
        Page 355
        Page 356
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        Page 358
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        Page 366
        Page 367
        Page 368
    Chapter XXIV: Excursion continued - fearful encounter with a monster
        Page 369
        Page 370
        Page 371
        Page 372
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    Chapter XXV: Termination of our excursion
        Page 389
        Page 390
        Page 391
        Page 392
        Page 393
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    Chapter XXVI: The expedition along the coast - pirates appear
        Page 405
        Page 406
        Page 407
        Page 408
        Page 409
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    Chapter XXVII: Our hill-fort
        Page 423
        Page 424
        Page 425
        Page 426
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    Chapter XXVIII: Attacked by pirates
        Page 440
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    Chapter XXIX: Building of the "Hope"
        Page 460
        Page 461
        Page 462
        Page 463
        Page 464
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    Chapter XXX: Walter disappears - narrative continued by Emily
        Page 485
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    Chapter XXXI: Mr. Sedgwick's unfortunate expedition
        Page 501
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    Chapter XXXII: The "Hope" sails in search of Walter
        Page 517
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    Chapter XXXIII: Walter's adventures
        Page 536
        Page 537
        Page 538
        Page 539
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    Chapter XXXIV: Walter's adventures in Borneo
        Page 555
        Page 556
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    Chapter XXXV: Walter's adventures continued
        Page 567
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    Chapter XXXVI: An eruption of the burning mountain
        Page 584
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    Chapter XXXVII: Old England reached at last - conclusion
        Page 594
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    Back Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
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Page 149.












----- ---* ^0^-------------


[All Rzights Reserved.]


I HAVE endeavoured, in the following tale, to describe minutely and exactly the
numerous objects of natural history which exist in that wonderful region-the
Malay or Eastern Archipelago-in which the chief scenes are laid. The map and
the beautiful illustrations scattered throughout the work will greatly enhance its
value. A study of the map will show the varieties of animal life which exist
in different parts of the Archipelago, and will assist in impressing the information
on the mind of the reader. Although the book has been written for boys, I in-
dulge a hope that their sisters also may find pleasure and instruction in reading it.
W. H. G. K.



The Bussorah Merchant, on a voyage from India, falls in with a sinking ship-Mer.
lin, the captain's dog, introduced-Dick Tarbox the boatswain boards her, and
brings away, at great risk, a dying gentleman, Mr. Heathfield, and his children,
Walter and Emily-Mr. Heathfield dies.. ....... .... ...........13

Walter narrates his history--His father, with ruined fortune, was going out as
Consul to a place in South America, in the Mountaineer-Met with a fearful
gale--Captain and officers killed or washed overboard--Crew deserted the
ship-Mr. Heathfield's elder brother had quarrelled with him-His first cousin,
Lord Heatherly, will take no notice of him- The Bussorah Merchant reaches
London, and Captain Davenport receives the orphans into his house-Tries to
get the assistance of their relations-The only one who notices them is Mr. Tom
Heathfield, a cousin, and he is killed hunting ...... ....................25

The Bussorah Merchant sails for Japan and the Malay Archipelago-Captain
Davenport takes Walter and Emily with his wife and daughter Grace-Merlin
is still on board--Mr. Thudicumb first mate -Oliver Farwell cabin-boy-
Dick Tarbox boatswain- Potto Jumbo the black cook-All Tomba the serang,
Sor chief man, of the Lascar crew-Mr. Hooker, an enthusiastic naturalist, goes
as a passenger-He instructs Walter and Oliver, who is very intelligent-Use
of the chronometer-How to take an observation-The "Horse Latitudes "-
Region of calms-The Doldrums-The Sargasso Sea--The trade-winds-
Flying-fish and dolphins Leaping cuttle-fish Albatross caught by Mr.
Hooker-One shot.............. ... ........ ............... ......35



Suspicious behaviour of Ali Tomba and the Lascars-Potto Jumbo's friendship for
Merlin-Oliver reads the Bible-I learn to respect him-I am a good swimmer
-Oliver falls overboard-I jump in after him-Danger of attack from albatross
-Potto Jumbo and Merlin come to our assistance-Roger Trew, a seaman, in-
troduced-We see a canoe in the distance .................. .... .... .. .. 52

A man discovered to be in the canoe-We take him on board-Macco, a native of
Madagascar, gives us his history-He enters among the crew as cook's mate--
Potto Jumbo warns me of a conspiracy among the Lascars--I inform Mr.
Thudicumb-Dream that the Lascars have mutinied .......................64

I am aroused to shorten sail-Blowing hard-A heavy sea-Potto Jumbo tells me
that the Lascars are still plotting mischief-The ship on fire-Ali Tomba and
his men attempt to get away in a boat-Passengers and crew exert themselves
to put out the fire-The Lascars overpowered-They are suspected of setting
the ship on fire... 74
the shipon fire......................................................74

We pass through the Straits of Sunda-Mr. Hooker's delight -Reach Singapore-
Singapore described- Our adventures on shore-Tigers-Tiger-pits--We pass
Formosa-How the Chinese treated their prisoners--We arrive in the har-
bour of Nagasaki, in Japan-Christian martyrs of Japan-Japanese officers
come on board-Their costume-Accompany Mr. Hooker on shore to the
house of a merchant House described Beauty of wild-flowers Camelia
japonica-The lotus--Tea plantation-Visit to Daimio's house-Feast-
Handsome dress of ladies--Beautiful children A norimon-A family
scene Mode of salutation Houses Furniture Strange pillow Food
-Manufactures The two Emperors Various orders of people Sail
for Manilla-An ancient Spanish galleon--Visit to beautiful lakes-City
of Manilla-Tobacco manufactory-The natives called Tagals-Their dress
and customs--Cock-fighting-Cloth and Manilla hemp made from a species of
-banana-Beautiful manufacture from the fibre of the pine-apple-We sail
south ard ............. ... ........................ .............. ...... .85

The Bussorah Merchant sails across the Celebes Sea-A calm -- Mr. Hooker's
monkeys play tricks with Merlin-Potto Jumbo tells me that he wishes Ali
Tomba had not been pardoned, as he and his men are still plotting mischief-
The captain's anxiety-The barometer falls-A hurricane threatens--Mr.


Hooker describes the Malayan Archipelago-Considers' it divided into three
regions, with different characteristics-The hurricane commences, and the ship
is thrown on her beam-ends-Masts cut away-She rights-We drive before
the gale............ ............ ..... .... .................... 122

Fine weather returns-We steer for Ternate-One of the Moluccas-Mountainous
islands appear ahead-We anchor-Captain Davenport is ill-He and the
ladies and Mr. Hooker go on shore to live- Mr. Hooker's house-The
Moluccas and spice trade described-Ternate described-Its trade with Papua
-Burning mountains-Earthquakes-A number of our crew on shore-New
masts got in-A typhoon comes on -Boats in harbour tossed about and
wrecked -The Lascars let the cable slip, and the ship drives out of the
harbour-The Lascars threaten to take one of the boats-The ship strikes on
a reef-We climb up the mainmast-The Lascars climb the foremast-The
foremast carried away -Oliver and I are washed off the mainmast, which
soon after falls........................................................ ..135

We get hold of a spar-Macco, who is on a piece of wreck, helps us to gain it-We
are picked up by a native trader-Vessel described-Fed on rice, bread-fruit,
and octopus, or ink-fish, and red pepper-Water in bamboos-A Malay anchor
-Cable of ratan The vessel looks for the wreck -Body of Ali Tomba
found ................................................... ................ 151

We are landed on an uninhabited island-Make our way through the jungle to
search for water-Make spades out of bamboo-Macco climbs a tree at the top
of a hill-Find sago-palms-Bird of paradise-Find water-Shells for cook-
ing utensils, &c.-Build a hut-Tridacna gigas, a monster oyster..........164

Begin cutting down sago-tree-Beauty of creeping ratans-Catch a cuscus-Birds
of paradise-I break my knife-Macco manufactures an axe-Find eggs of
megapodius-Mound-building birds-We save some to hatch.............. 178

Dance of birds of paradise-Beautiful butterflies and beetles-Our sago-tree falls-
Black-faced baboon-Find cocoa-nut trees -We erect sago washing-machine
-We cook sago in a shell-A baboon Visits our store-We build a house-
Our sago oven-Uses of bamboo-Our brood of megapodi hatched-See a tree
kangaroo-- Macco kills it..... ...... ... ................. .... ...... 92


Aroused from our sleep by human voices-Papuans set our house on fire-Taken
prisoners by Papuans-Their canoes described-As we leave the island the
burning mountain breaks forth-We have reason to be thankful-Our captors
mock us, and give us but a scanty allowance of food-Land on shore of New
Guinea- Large bats are caught and cooked-We reach Papuan village-Habi-
tations and dress of people described-Sleeping mats -We are treated kindly
by a Papuan woman................. ................. ........207

Morning occupation of our captors-Papuan pipe-Sent to fish-See our friend, and
her child in a huge shell-we go on a hunting expedition-Great shielded
grasshopper-Natives shoot birds of paradise-Various birds of paradise de-
scribed-We separate from natives-Kill a cuscus and tree kangaroo-See
horned flies-Savages overtake and are about to kill us, when we are saved
by the princess, our friend-She takes us to her hut-We are unsuccessful in
fishing, and dread the consequences .............. .. ...... ..............221

The princess advises us to fly from the place-She guides us-Beauty of forest
scenery-Lovely shells in abundance-We- travel all. night, and stop in the
morning to rest-Continue our journey along the shore-See a vessel in the
offing-Stop again-A thick mist-Pursued by natives-Find a boat-Macco
insists that we shall go in her-Catch a glimpse of natives on shore-They
appear to strike the princess and Macco-Mist clears-See the brig-Pursued
by canoes-Almost overtaken-Boat from brig comes to us--Natives attack
the boat-Beaten off-We find old friends-The Dugong has been chartered
by Mr. Hooker to look for us-Emily and Grace, under the Frau Ursula, on
board-We stand in to look for Macco-Tarbox describes how he and his com-
panions escaped from the wreck................. ... ............. .....235

Dugong, name of brig-The animal dugong described-Sail for the Aru Islands-
Pearl-divers-Chinese collecting edible birds' nests-We visit a cavern in-
habited by sea-swallows-Trepang collectors-Arrive at Dobbo-Dutch man-
of-war-We write by her to Captain. Davenport-See a shark caught-Fair at
Dobbo- Cassowaries described-Native game at football-Cock-fighting-
Savage natives ... ............................................... 253

Oliver and I accompany Mr. Hooker in an excursion into the interior-Hermit
crabs eaten by spiders-Tree-ferns-Palms-King bird of paradise-A morn-
ing in a tropical forest-Lovely birds-Mode of life among the natives-Eating
sugar-cane ............ ......... .................................275


Sail from Dobbo-Native canoes-Reach Banda---Its burning mountain-Palmyra
palm-Nutmeg-trees, shaded by kanary-trees-Molucca pigeons-An -earth-
quake- Arrive at Amboyna Crimson lories Brush-tongued turkeys- A
cocoa plantation-Cool draught from a young cocoa-nut-A clove plantation-
Flying lizards-Enormous crab-Night sounds in the tropics-Ocean gardens
-we witness an earthquake from the water.........................285

Macassar described-Baboon-Babirusa-Wild pigs-Buffaloes, and buffalo milk-
Sugar palm-- The sapi-utan Maleos hatched in the cabin-- Sickness on
board--Mr. Hooker very ill-Discover an island-See a flagstaff on it-We
land, and find a house with numerous animals .about it-Meet a person like
Robinson Crusoe-His man Friday-We invite him on board-He and Mr.
Hooker recognize each other-Emily and I find that he is our uncle-We
accompany him on shore-Mr. Hooker too ill to move-Storm threatens... 301

Our uncle's house--Prepare a feast Mangostin, mango, duku, durian, bread-
fruit, jack-fruit-Molasses from gomuti-palm-The dining-hall--Palm-wine
-Bamboo cups-A storm comes on-We are anxious about the brig-We go
to a rock to assist-Brig strikes on a reef.. ............................319

Roger Trew swims off to the wreck-Merlin accompanies him-They convey a rope
on board-Merlin returns with a note-Many of the crew lost-Brig in danger
of going to pieces-Potto Jumbo brings Mr. Hooker on shore-Mr. Thudicumb
and Tarbox land-All who have escaped assemble at the house-We repair
the boat-Visit the wreck-Obtain stores, arms, and provisions-Mr. Hooker's
specimens-Propose to build a vessel-Mr. Williams the missionary......330

The Frau and the girls assist in carrying things up to the house-They attend to Mr.
Hooker and Mr. Thudicumb, who remain ill-An expedition planned--The
girls and Oliver go also-Beauty of the forest-Magnificent orchids-Flying-
frog- Tree-ferns-Bamboo bridge-Amonaceous tree-Fig-tree or banyan-
Leaf butterfly-We erect huts for the night-Wild animals on the island
mentioned .............. .......... .. ... ................... 352

In the morning find troops of monkeys in the trees above us-I try to catch one,
and get a bite for my pains-The siamang--Pandanus-Pitcher-plants-Water


from them-Discover a beautiful lake near the mountain-We build a raft and
sound the lake--Our pic-nic by the lake-A fearful battle with an orang-outan
-Oliver in great danger-Commence our journey home.................. 369

We observe the mountain smoking-Our night encampment-Peculiar sounds
made by wood pigeons-Attractive poisonous fruit-Shoot a jungle cock--
Origin of our domestic poultry-Gubbong-trees-Encounter with a snake-
Superb peacocks-Sounds at night in the forest-Visit from a tiger-Battle
between a mias and a crocodile-See a snake watching for its prey........389

Discover a hill suitable for a fortification-Our new highway-Reach home-Alarm
of pirates-Preparations for their reception-The naturalists' anxiety about
their collections-The pirate fleet disappears-Our fishing expeditions-Shoot
a frigate-bird-Chinese mode of fishing with cormorants--catch a nautilus... 405

A further discussion on the nautilus-Upas-tree--Barnacle goose-Visits to the
wreck-Prepare for building a vessel-Hope Harbour named-Our vessel to be
called the Hope-Pirate fleet again appears-We prepare to escape to the hill,
which we propose to fortify-Our march, accompanied by our dumb com-
panions-We fortify the hill-Tanda's report-Our first night at our fort-We
finish the works-Cut down a cotton-tree-We manufacture coir rope from the
gomuti-palm-Its various uses described-Dig for water-See a rhinoceros-
Dig a trap for him .................... ...............................423

Our preparations continued-The wreck set on fire-My uncle and I set out to
watch the pirates-They land and burn the house-They are chased by a
python-We return to the fort-Another night of suspense-Our morning
prayer-The python and the wild pig--Our battle with the python-Tanda
brings word that the pirates are approaching-We are attacked-The fight-
The humpbacked chief-We are hardly pressed-Oliver and my uncle wounded
The pirates suddenly take to flight................................... ..440

The Frau and girls tend the wounded-Re-erect our flagstaff-A man-of-war in
sight--She pursues the pirates-Disappears-Burial of the dead-We return
to the house-Find more dead, and a wounded pirate-I tend him-Our party
collect on Flagstaff Rock-Safety of most of the specimens-Loss of the
nautilus-The naturalist's grief-We rebuild the house-Sowing maize-Com-


mence building the vessel-Manufacture sago-bread-Ali, our prisoner, re-
covers--Ali helps us to search for honey-How he got it-We catch
lemurs............... ...... ... ............ .............460

Ali helps me to search for another nautilus.-Emily's Journal:-Walter has dis-
appeared, and Ali with him-Fears that the boat has been driven away from
the island, or that Ali has murdered him-Our friends go on. building the
vessel-We constantly watch for Walter's return-Oliver joins us on Flagstaff
Rock-Oliver faints from the heat-Grace runs to call the Frau-An orang-
outan appears in the wood-Grace returns, followed by the Frau-The mias
comes towards us-The Frau fires-Our fearful danger-Merlin brings Tarbox
and the others to our assistance-The mias pursued-Is killed-Others found
-A young mias captured...... ..... ................... ..... 485

No news of Oliver--The maize grows up-Our plantation-Sugar, rice, red pepper,
tobacco, and other productions-Sugar refining-.An earthquake--Collect
cocoa-nuts and other provisions-Ship-building pushed on-Oliver captures a
huge bat-Mr. Sedgwick takes Oliver and Tanda to shoot wild fowl-They do
not return-Our anxiety-Torches of damma manufactured-A party sets
out to search for them-Return with my uncle and Oliver -Oliver ill-He de-
scribes their expedition-Discover a soap spring-A beautiful lake-Shoot
wild ducks--Tanda killed by a crocodile.. ........... ..........501

Gather maize-Make more sago--Cut the paddy-Chinese mode of growing rice-
Banana-Manufacture rope from banana stems or Manilla hemp-We visit the
Hope-She is launched, and named by me-Vessel rigged-Stores put on board
-She sails under charge of Mr. Thudicumb-We remain behind -We prepare
leaves of tea-plant-The burning mountain- sends up much smoke-My uncle
and Oliver build a raft, on which to escape should it burst forth-We prepare
provisions, and take them to Hope Harbour-Tempestuous weather comes on-
See the cutter approaching--Our sad fears-She is wrecked in Cormorant Bay
-My uncle and Oliver rush into the water to help them-Walter and Macco
are brought on shore with the rest-My thankfulness................... 517

Increase the size of the raft-The mountain threatens still more seriously than be-
fore.-Walter's Journal continued:-In search of a nautilus, Ali and I are
driven to a distance by a storm-Catch enormous fish- Our water exhausted-
Land on coral island covered with birds-Get birds' eggs and birds, but no
water-Reach another island-I am nearly dying, when revived by a draught
of cocoa-nut juice-Find turtles' eggs-Continue our voyage-Reach the main-



land Sail up a river Reach a Dyak village Kind reception by the
savages................. ..... ......................................... 536

A young Dyak warrior appears with a human head on a spear-A hunting expedi-
tion-We join it-Finely-tempered swords of Dyaks-Poisoned -arrows-Ill-
ness of chief of neighboring village-Expedition at night to get heads from
another tribe-Ali sets the village on fire-He is killed- I escape down the
river-Banks of river on fire........... ............................555

Reach the open sea- Fall to sleep in my boat-Driven on an island while asleep-
My boat drifted away-I find water-Take up my abode in a cavern-Pirates
land-I conceal myself above my cavern-See a person trying to escape from
pirates-Turns out to be Macco-We hide in the rock-Pirates leave-Macco
finds an adze-Commences building a canoe-Cutter appears--We are taken
off- Return to Sedgwick Island-She is wrecked......................567

We haul up the Hope to repair her-Fearful earthquake, and burning mountain
bursts forth-We fly towards Hope Harbour-Bamboo bridge breaks-The
forest on fire-Narrow escapes--The forest burns close behind us-Reach the
raft-Put off from the shore-The whole island on fire-See a ship......584

Ship approaches-We are taken on board the Ulysses-Captain and Mrs. Daven-
port-Our joy at meeting-Voyage home-Captain Davenport tells me of the
death of my uncle and his two sons-The illness of Lord Heatherly-Visit
Lord Heatherly with Mr. Sedgwick-He acknowledges me as his heir-Death
of Lord Heatherly-I succeed to the title and estates-My plans for benefiting
my tenantry and improving the estate-Helped by Oliver, who goes to college-
Oliver becomes a clergyman-I marry Grace-Our old friends settle near us
--Emily married to Oliver Farwell ............................ ........ 594

3 Ked, s^ Ae r tion of Volaroer.
S\ Light Blue, the Shallow Se. betwea lnds.
Ssupposed oro o have beer united.
SC I N A I l Darl Bhlue, the Deep Sea.

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S 5 --Banda L I N OR
"Y .- BANDA SEA --..... r \ NEW GUINEA
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N D I A N C E A N c
SC sowatrie Ca rpen t aria
De ep S !oa a r ,p, u s ,
t a p u a n a. ce e
h namre. "Sedgwick I" d o s.u. tlr i b erod to st theG sutof.


-------o -----------



ELL, Thudicumb, I hope by noon we may at
\, last get a glimpse of the sun," said Captain
\ Davenport to his first officer, as they walked
the deck of the Bussorah Merchant, homeward
bound from the East Indies, and at that time
rolling on over the long heaving seas of the
Atlantic. The sky was overcast, but ever and anon a gleam
of light burst forth amid the clouds, playing on the foaming
crest of a wave. It was blowing hard, but had evidently been
blowing much harder, of which fact the condition of the India-
man gave evidence. A portion of the starboard bulwarks were
stove in, one of her quarter boats was shattered, and other
slight damages were visible.
We must be ready for him, sir, at all events," said the
first officer, looking at his watch. It is not far off noon
Tell Oliver to bring me my sextant," said the captain, as
the mate descended from the poop into his cabin.



Mr. Thudicumb soon re-
turned, bringing his own in-
S_ strument, and followed by a
Sboy with the captain's. Con-
alo atinuing their walk, they looked
-- ly
Se anxiously every now and then
at the spot in the -heavens
where they expected the sun
to appear. They were accom-

~-~~--------- ------


panied by one who seemed to take as much interest as
they did in what was going forward. When they turned,
he turned; when they looked up at the sky, he looked up
also; balancing himself when the ship rolled as they did, by
leaning over to the opposite direction to which she was heel-
ing. He, however, could not have afforded them any assist-
ance in their observation, for though his eye and the expression


of his countenance exhibited much sagacity, he was of the
canine species-a large dog-a magnificent-looking fellow, who
could, the crew declared, for he was a great favourite with
them, do everything but talk-and, they might have added,
take a meridional observation, or a lunar.
Mr. Thudicumb again looked at his watch. There he is,
sir," he exclaimed at length.
He and the captain stopped in their walk; their sextants
were quickly at their eyes; and there they stood, their feet
planted firmly on the heaving deck, in an attitude long prac-
tice alone could have enabled them to maintain. A clear
space was seen in the sky, increasing rapidly, and yet not alto-
gether blue, but the vapour which drove across it was not
sufficiently thick to prevent the sun's rays descending upon
the sea.
She has dipped, sir," said the first officer.
She has," observed the captain.
The sun's elevation was read off on the index, and the in-
struments were returned to their cases. The calculation was
very quickly worked out on a scrap of card.
Make it noon, Mr. Thudicumb," said the captain, as, re-
turning the case to the young cabin-boy, he directed him to
take it below. While the captain and his first officer were
making their observation, a group of midshipmen had col-
lected on the deck with their quadrants in their hands, doing
Their best fo shoot the sun, but their less experienced eyes
could make but little of it in that heavy sea; and when they
came to read off their observations, they were somewhat sur-
prised at the wonderful difference which existed among them.
Stopping to listen to a few remarks made to them by the cap-
tain, they hurried off the deck to deposit their quadrants in
places of safety. The dog all the time stood with his feet
firmly planted on the deck, watching the captain, as if he fully


understood what was going on. Captain Davenport, as he
turned, patted him on the head. You are a wise dog, Mer-
lin," he observed; but you cannot take an observation yet."
Merlin wagged his tail as if he had received a compliment, or,
at all events, well pleased at the notice taken of him.
The captain was a tall man of spare figure, his white locks
and weather-beaten countenance making him appear -consider-
ably older than his firm, yet light and active step, seemed to
warrant. His eye, too, was still full of life and fire, and his
voice clear and strong, evidence of which had been given when
he issued his orders in the late gale, and when, by his prompti-
tude and decision, he had saved the ship, seemingly on the
point of destruction.
Scarcely had eight bells been struck, when the voice of the
boatswain from the forecastle was heard shouting, "A vessel on
the lee bow, sir! A dismasted ship It can be nothing else !"
Captain Davenport went forward, followed by Merlin.
Where away is she, Mr. Tarbox?" he asked of the boat-
"There, sir, you will catch her over the bumkin-head,"
answered the boatswain. I saw her again just as you stepped
on the forecastle. She cannot have gone down in the mean-
"I hope not indeed," said the captain, looking out eagerly
in the direction towards which the boatswain pointed. At
last he too caught sight of a dark object lifted on the top of a
sea. A dismasted ship; no doubt about that," he observed.
" We will keep away for her. There are probably people on
board, and although it would be a difficult matter to take
them off while this sea is running, we may do so if it goes
down, as it has been gradually doing since daylight."
The Indiaman stood on, now rising to the summit of a sea,
now gliding into the valley below, gradually approaching the


dark object which had been discovered. The boatswain had
gone aloft, and quickly returned.
"No 'doubt about it, Captain Davenport. She is a big
ship -lost her masts, no doubt, in the gale; and from the way
she is rolling, I have a notion she has no small amount of
water in her. If we had not sighted her, it is my opinion
that those on board would be fathoms down in the ocean, as
she will be before another sun rises."
We will do what we can to save any people on board her,"
said Captain Davenport. Get the life-boat ready for lower-
ing, Mr. Tarbox."
"Ay, ay, sir; I am ready to go in her," answered the
F' Perhaps Mr. Thudicumb may wish to go, or the second
officer; but if not, Tarbox, I would intrust her to you more
readily than to anybody."
The news that a dismasted ship was in sight brought all
.the passengers who were below on deck, and numerous glasses
were now turned towards her. No signs, however, of any one
being on board were discovered. She was a complete wreck; the
masts had gone by the board, the bulwarks were stove in,
the caboose and booms and everything on deck had been swept
clear away. The Indiaman stood on, passing close to leeward
of her.
She is deserted, sir; little doubt about that," said Mr.
Thudicumb, examining the ship. The people thought she
was going down, and took to their boats. Better have stuck
to her in such a sea as they must have had to encounter. Little
chance of any boat living."
Haul the tacks aboard then, Mr. Thudicumb; down with
the helm," said the captain. Unless for the sake of rescu-
ing any fellow-creatures, I would not risk a boat to board her,
while the sea runs as high as it now does."
(267) 9


As he was speaking, Merlin had been eagerly watching the
wreck; and now, stretching out his fore-feet and neck towards
her, he uttered a loud mournful howl or wail, which sounded
strangely wild and sad to all who heard it.
What is the matter, Merlin?" asked the captain, bending
down and patting the dog's head.
That dog has got more sense than many human- beings,"
observed the boatswain. Now, I should not be surprised but
what he knows there is somebody on board that craft-dead
or dying, may be-just as well as if he saw them. If I was
our skipper, I would not leave that wreck without an over-
Just then a human head was seen issuing from the com-
panion hatch. It was that of a young boy. He sprang on
deck and waved a handkerchief wildly, apparently shouting
with all his power, though his voice could not be heard amidst
the roaring of the sea and the lashing of the ropes as the ship
was luffed up close to the wind. Captain Davenport seized
his speaking-trumpet and shouted, We will keep by you!
Do not fear! Just then another head was seen. A young
girl!" cried several of those looking on. A mere child she
seemed at that distance, her light hair blowing about in the
"( Bless them!" said old Tarbox; I would go to help them
if there was twice the sea there is on."
Preparations were now made for heaving the ship to, but
the captain was anxious to wait, in the hopes of the sea going
down still more before night, when there might be less risk in
bringing the people from off the wreck. A great risk under
similar circumstances is run when those on board a ship on fire
or likely to sink leap hurriedly in too great numbers into the
boat alongside. In many such instances the boat has been
swamped, and the lives of all in her sacrificed. Here, such a


danger was not likely to occur, as no crew apparently remained
on board. The question, however, was, whether the wreck
would float till the sea had sufficiently gone down to enable a
boat to board her without risk. As the ship gradually receded
from the wreck, the young boy was seen to lift up his hands
imploringly, as if to beg for assistance. At length the boatswain
came aft and addressed the captain.
"If you will let me have the life-boat, sir, there are six
hands ready to go in her; and I will undertake to board that
craft, and bring off any people we may find alive. To my
mind, from the way she rolls, she has not got many hours
longer to swim; and if she was to go down, those young people
we saw would have to go down in her, and that's what my
eyes would not like to watch."
No indeed, Tarbox," said the captain. Mr. Thudicumb,
what do you say ?"
I was going to volunteer, sir," said the first officer; but
though I yield to no other man on board in the management
of a boat, I acknowledge that Tarbox can handle one in a sea
better than any man I have ever met with; and on that ac-
count, and not because I am afraid of risking my life, I yield
to him."
"Thank you, Mr. Thudicumb," said the boatswain. I
should have said the same thing of you, sir; but you have a
wife and children at home, and it matters little what becomes
of old Dick Tarbox."
Once more the ship was brought up as close as she could be
to the wreck, and again being hove to, the life-boat, with the
six hands selected by the boatswain, was carefully lowered.
And now everybody on board watched her with anxious eyes,
as she pulled towards the wreck. The young lad saw her
coming, and was observed to be bending down as if to announce
the event to some one below. Again the little girl's head


appeared above the deck, but the lad would not allow her to
come up further, evidently being afraid of her being jerked
overboard-an event but too likely to occur, from the way the
ship was rolling. On pulled the boat, now sinking down deep
into the trough of the sea, which curled into mountain billows,
and seemed about to overwhelm her; now she rose up high on
the crest of a wave. Many of those who gazed at her held
their breath, scarcely believing that she could possibly live
amid the tumult of waters. Slowly she proceeded, guided by
the well-practised hand of the old boatswain. She was close
to the wreck. Now she seemed to sink far down below the
deck, now to rise up, as if the next instant she would be thrown
upon it. Could any human being ever manage to gain the
wreck from that tossing boat? Yes, yes! a man stands up in
the boat. He makes a spring! He has gained the deck,
hauling himself up by a rope which he has clutched. He
waves off the boat till he is ready to return to her.
Dick Tarbox was the man. He was seen to leap down the
hatchway. For some time he did not appear. What could
have become of him? There he is! there he is!" shouted
several voices. He came, bearing a young girl in his arms.
The boat again drew near the dismasted ship. Those who
looked on held their breath, for how could he manage to con-
vey his burden to the tossing boat ? He stood for a minute
or more waiting, but not irresolute. His eye was watching the
boat. He was calculating the rolling of the ship. He made
a signal to one of the men to be ready to receive the girl.
Then, quick as lightning, he leaped across the deck, and dropped
her-so it seemed-into the man's arms. The boat again kept
away from the ship, and the boatswain disappeared once more
down the hatchway.
He will bring the boy this time!" But no; he came up
carrying a far heavier burden-a man wrapped in a cloak, and


apparently unable to help himself. Dick shouted to one of
the crew to go aboard and help him. Together they got the
sick man into the boat. The little girl clasped her hands in
her anxiety as she saw him lowered down. Sorrowfully she
stooped over him, supporting his head in her arms; forgetting,
apparently, where she was, and the fearful danger to which she
was still exposed. The boy had followed the boatswain,
apparently with the intention of leaping into the boat by him-
self. Dick was seen to hold hin back: then he lifted him in
his arms, and, waiting for the right moment, sprang into the
No one on board had watched these proceedings with more
apparent eagerness than Merlin; and as the boat came along-
side the ship, he ran to the gangway to receive those whom she
brought. The little girl was first lifted up the side, and
received by the captain, Merlin instantly coming up to lick
her hands and attract her attention. She had no thought,
however, for any one round her, but endeavoured to look down
into the boat to watch her companions. The sick man was
next hoisted up; the boy, till he was safe, refusing to leave
the boat. He then, aided by Dick Tarbox, hauled himself up
on deck.
We will carry him aft, and take him at once to my cabin,"
said the captain. He looks very ill."
This was done; the young people keeping by the sick man's
side, anxiously gazing on his countenance, apparently scarcely
aware where they were, and paying no attention to any one
"Is he your father, young gentleman ?" asked the captain,
as the sick man was placed on the bed.
"-" Oh yes, yes !" answered the boy. But can you do
nothing for him ? He is, I am afraid, very, very ill."
At that moment the surgeon, who had been attending on a



patient below, came up, and entering the cabin, looked at the
sick man's countenance and felt his pulse. The look he gave
the captain was observed by the little girl: she seemed to
understand it.
Oh do, sir, tell me what is the matter with him! Will
he die ?" she asked, bursting into tears.
There is no time to be lost," observed the surgeon, hurry-
ing away to his own cabin without answering the question.
"Our lives are in God's hands, young lady," said the cap-
tain, in a kind tone. The doctor will do all he can for your
papa; be assured of that."
The surgeon instantly returned with a restorative; after
taking which the sick man recovered slightly, and was able
to utter a few words in a faint voice. He recognized his chil-
dren, and beckoned them to approach.
"I am leaving you, I fear," he whispered; for I feel as I
have never felt before. Walter, take care of Emily; never
leave her. Think of your dear mother and me sometimes."
Then he turned his glance towards the captain. These, sir,
will be orphans before many hours have passed," he said, in a
faltering voice. You, perhaps, are a father, and can feel for
me. As a fellow-creature, you can do so. You have been the
means of preserving the lives of those children; watch over
them, and do what you can for them. They will tell you
about themselves. I cannot speak more."
While he was uttering these words, he seemed about to
relapse into a state of insensibility. His eye was growing
dim. He stretched out his hands, however, and took those of
his children; and thus, almost without uttering another word,
his spirit passed away.
We will leave your father now," said the surgeon; and
made a sign to the captain, who led the boy and girl out of
the cabin.


The boy seemed to understand what had happened; but
there was an anxious, scared, and inquiring expression on the
countenance of the little girl, which showed that even now
she was not certain that her father had been taken from
Captain Davenport was a father, and a kind, affectionate
one, and knew how to sympathize with the bereaved children.
He had been in the cabin but a few minutes when a midship-
man entered.
She is sinking, sir!" he exclaimed.
Captain Davenport hurried on deck. The boy had caught


the words, and followed him. Just then Merlin uttered a low,
mournful howl. They were just in time to see the after-part


of the dismasted ship, as, plunging head first, she went down
beneath the foaming billows.
We were but just in time to save you, my lad," said the
captain, turning to the boy, whose hand Merlin was licking, as
if to congratulate him on his escape.
Indeed you were, sir," answered the boy; and we are very,
very grateful to you, and to that brave sailor who carried my
father and Emily out of the ship, and helped me into the boat.
I want to thank him more particularly, and so would my
father; but oh, sir, do you think he will soon recover out of
that fearful swoon ? Or do, do tell me, for I did not like to
ask you before my sister, is he-is he really-dead ?"
The boy's voice dropped as he spoke.
I fear, Walter, that he is dead," answered the captain.
But we will do our best to comfort your little sister; and so,
I am sure, will you. You have reason to be thankful that he
was permitted thus to die quietly in bed, and to know that
your lives were spared."
Oh yes, yes! I know," answered the boy, hiding h-is face
in his hands.
It was some hours before Emily could understand that her
father could never again speak to her or caress her. Her
brother's anxiety to console her probably prevented him from
so poignantly feeling his own loss.
The captain and all on board treated the young orphans
with the greatest kindness and consideration. The following
day their father's body was committed to its ocean grave; and
Walter and Emily felt that for the future they must be all in
all to each other.
Yes," thought Walter, as he gazed at his sister's fair and
gentle countenance, I will watch over her-and die for her,
if needs be-to protect her from harm."'



/ 'HE captain and those on board were naturally anxious
to know something about the young orphans, and
"- how it happened that they and their father had been
left alone on board the sinking ship.
"A* The people would not take poor papa in the
boat, and we would not leave him," said Emily, when the cap-
tain first spoke on the subject.
"' I should think not," said Walter. "It was very, very sad
to have poor papa so ill, and no one to help him except us.
The poor captain and the first officer had been washed over-
board; and the surgeon was killed by the falling of the masts,
when papa was hurt at the same time. He was ill, though,
when we sailed; but he thought the change, and the warm
climate of the country we were going to, would restore him to
health. We had good reason, however, to be thankful we did
not going the boats; for scarcely had they left the ship, as I
was watching them from the companion-hatch, than I saw the
sea break over one of them, and down she went, the unfortunate
people in her struggling for a few instants before they all sank.
I was in hopes that the other, which was larger, might escape;
but she had got to no great distance when it seemed to me
that she went right into a curling sea. Whether she went


through it and rose again I could not discover, for I saw no
more of her. It was very dreadful; but I had to hurry back
to papa, for I heard Emily calling me. I did not tell him
what had happened, for I thought it would make him even
more sad than he was."
The boy, overcome with his feelings, could with difficulty
speak, and was for some minutes silent. He then continued :-
"t The ship was the Mountaineer. We had been three weeks
at sea, and had had frequent calms, when we met with the fear-
ful gale from which she suffered so much. Papa was going
out as British Consul to ---, in the Brazils; and as
mamma died a year ago, and he had no one to leave us with,
he determined, to our great joy, that we should accompany
him. Emily had been at school; but when mamma was ill
she came home to stay with her, and after that papa could not
bear the thoughts of again parting with her. I ha'd been at
Winchester School, and had intended going into the army; but
papa lost his fortune soon after mamma's death, and told me
that I must give up all thoughts of that, as he could not pur-
chase my commission, and I could not be in the army without
money. The loss of his property tried him very much. He
had to take me away from school; and he used to say he was
afraid we should all die of starvation. However, when he got
the appointment he was in better spirits, and Emily and I
hoped we should see him once more like himself."
But have you no relations or friends, young gentleman ?"
asked the captain, in a kind tone.
I do not know about friends," answered Walter; but I
have some relations. Unfortunately, however, my father was
not on good terms with them. His elder brother-my uncle-
had quarrelled with him. Why, I do not know. But when,
before we were leaving England, papa desired to be reconciled
to him, he refused; and I know, from what I have heard, that


he would- on no account have anything to say to Emily or
But had your mother no relations ?" asked Captain
Not many. She had, I know, a brother, and I think I
recollect him when I was a little boy; but he left England
many years ago, and I know has not for a long time been
heard of. Papa, besides his brother, had some cousins. One,
I know, is Lord Heatherly; but I never saw him, and I think
papa kept up no communication with him. We now and then
saw his brother, Mr. Tom Heathfield-for the family name is
the same as ours. He is a very good-natured, merry person,
and used always to try to make us laugh when he called. And
our eldest uncle had some sons, but I never met them; indeed,
I am sure their papa would never have let them come to the
From all accounts, then, the only relation you know any-
thing about is your father's cousin, Mr. Tom Heathfield. Do
you know where he lives?"
Walter thought a moment. No," he answered; some-
where in London, I know, and I daresay I can find out."
Well, we must do our best to discover him when we get
on shore," said the captain.
It was evident to him that the young people had not realized
their thoroughly destitute condition. Whatever property their
poor father might have had must have been lost in the Moun-
taineer. However," he thought to himself, if the brother's
heart cannot be moved to take care of the orphans, perhaps
this Mr. Tom Heathfield or Lord Heatherly will do so. In
the meantime, I must look after them."
The Bussorah Merchant reached the Thames in safety, and
went into the docks to discharge her cargo.
You must come with me, my young friends, till we can


find out your cousin," said the kind captain. My good wife,
Mrs. Davenport, will be very glad to see you, as will our little
girl Grace. You must be content with such fare as we can
offer, and you may be sure of a hearty welcome."
"( Thank you, sir," said Walter. Emily and I, I am sure,
shall be very happy with you. Do you live in the West End
of London ?"
No," answered the captain, smiling; I live at Poplar.
It is a different sort of locality; but I have had a good many
losses, and am not so well off as some masters of. ships. But
my life has been preserved when others have lost theirs, and I
retain my health and strength. I have a good wife and an
affectionate little girl, and I have therefore reason to be thank-
ful; and so I am."
Captain Davenport, as soon as he was at liberty, accompanied
by his young charges, set off for his home. It differed, how-
ever, greatly from the sort of house Walter and Emily had
been accustomed to live in. But it was very neat; with green
palings in front, and neatly-painted shutters, and the whitest
of stone steps leading up to.the hall door. The captain had
had no time to tell his wife of the guests she might expect.
After, therefore, the first greetings between them were over,
and he had embraced his little daughter Grace, Mrs. Davenport
naturally inquired who the young strangers were. No sooner
had she heard their history than she gave an affectionate
embrace to Emily.
Yes, indeed, you are welcome here," she said; and if you
are content with this house, we shall be glad to have you.
remain in it. And I am sure Grace will do her best to make
you at home, young lady," she said, placing the girls' hands in
each other's.
The captain, of course, had a great deal to do on his first
arrival after a long absence, and could not, therefore, go in


search of Mr. Tom Heathfield, Walter's cousin. Walter
acknowledged that he was not likely to find him himself, as
he had but seldom been in London, and did not know his
way about. All he could tell was, that he lived somewhere
in the West End, and he thought he belonged to two or
three clubs.
Very likely, young gentleman," said the captain, laughing.
"However, when I can get hold of one of those books they
call Court Guides, I may be able to find him."
A week passed pleasantly enough away. Grace was very
kind to Emily, and Walter was never tired of walking about
the docks, and watching the large ships loading and unloading
the bales and casks of goods coming and going to all parts of
the world. It gave him some idea of the vast amount of
commerce of London, when such a stream of merchandise was
coming in and going out all day long.
At length the captain told him that he had some hours to
spare, and they set off together to try and find Mr. Heathfield.
They got down at Charing Cross, where a bookseller allowed
them to look over a Court Guide.
"Yes, that must be my cousin," said Walter, seeing the
name. I now remember going there with my father. Yes,
and those are the clubs he belongs to."
Having put down the address, the captain and Walter at
once set off to find it. They were not long in getting there.
A woman opened the door.
Mr. Heathfield is not in town; he seldom is at this time,"
was the answer. He may come up for a day, or he may
not; but letters addressed here will find him."
"But can you tell me where he is?" asked Walter. I
am a relation of his."
As to that, he may be at Newmarket, or some other races.
You know he is a sporting gentleman, and is likely to be in


one place one day and in-another place another. But he sends
for his letters, and, as I have told you, if you like to write,
one will find him."
This was not very satisfactory information.
I am afraid he is not likely to do much for the poor chil-
dren," thought Captain Davenport. However, there is
nothing like trying."
He then bethought him that he would inquire the address
of their uncle, whose heart might relent when he heard of the
death of his brother. If not, I will write to Lord Heatherly
himself," said the captain.
The nobleman's address was easily found, and after some
trouble the captain ascertained that of Walter's uncle, and
with this information he returned home.
You must have patience, my boy," he said. "If you are
not tired of staying with us, we are not tired of you."
On reaching home, the captain wrote the three letters.
Several days passed by, and no answer came. At length
two appeared by the same post. One was from the orphans'
uncle, stating that he had children of his own, and that he
had long ceased to have any communication with his brother.
He must therefore decline interfering in the matter. The
other contained the words:-" Lord Heatherly presents his
compliments to Mr. Davenport, and not having been personally
acquainted with the late Mr. Heathfield for many years, must
decline in any way interfering with regard to any children he
may have left."
Oh dear me!" said Mrs. Davenport, when she saw the
letters. If the poor young orphans are treated in this way
by their nearest relative and by the head of their family, I am
afraid we can expect very little from the only other relation
we have heard of."
Well, my dear wife," said the captain, "if nobody else


looks after them, God intends that we shall. We must not
decline the charge he has given us, but do the best we can for
The following day a private cab was seen passing along the
street with a sporting-looking tiger behind. The gentleman
driving stopped once or twice, then turning round, brought up
at Captain Davenport's door. Down jumped the tiger, and
out sprang the gentleman. Walter and Emily were in the
Why, that is cousin Tom!" exclaimed Walter, and he
ran out to open the front door.
Cousin Tom came in, and shook hands with Walter and
Emily, and was soon talking away to Mrs. Davenport as if he
had known her all his life.
"I am very much obliged to you and to your worthy
husband for all you have done for these young people," he
said. And my poor cousin Harry, I little thought he was
so soon to be cut off. However, we must not talk about
those sort of things. Why, Walter, you are almost a man
now. We must see what we can do for you. Your uncle
Bob will not help you; I have heard all about that. We
will not talk about him; and as for Heatherly, there is no
help to be got from him. I am going out of town to-night,
or I would have had you, Walter, come and dine with me and
talk matters over. However, if your friends will look after
you for a- day or two longer, I hope we may settle something.
I have an idea that my aunt, Lady Di Pierpoint, will take
charge of Emily. I must insist upon her doing so. She
mixes a good deal in the world, rouges, and is rather addicted to
scandal, it is true; but I say, Emily, you must not follow her
example, and you will get on very well with her. Look after
her lapdogs, feed her parrots, write her notes for her, and all
that sort of thing. Well, I think we may consider that


settled.-And now, my good madam, I must wish you and
the young people good-bye. I hope to be back in a few days
with Lady Di's answer. And as to Walter, I have no doubt
about him. In the meantime, I will just beg you to take
these two notes, which you will have the kindness to expend
as you think best in getting a proper outfit for the young
people-as I have no doubt they lost everything when the
ship went down; and I should wish, if you will allow me, to
repay you for the expense to which you have been put."
Thank you, sir," said Mrs. Davenport. "We desire no
repayment; but I will gladly expend the money to the ad-
vantage of my young friends as you desire."
Well, well, do as you like! exclaimed Mr. Tom. I
am very much obliged to you in every way. And now, good-
bye, Emily; good-bye, Walter; and I wish you farewell,
madam. Present my compliments to your kind husband. I
should have liked to have made his acquaintance. I hope to
do so another time. I am deeply indebted to him, for I had
a great regard for poor Harry. Though he might not have
been very wise-none of us are; and his wife, she was an
angel. Good-bye, good-bye! "
Thus rattling on, Mr. Tom Heathfield ran out at the door,
and jumped into his cab; the tiger skipped up behind, and
off he drove.
Day after day passed by, and no news came of Mr. Tom
Heathfield. The packet he had left behind contained a couple
of ten-pound notes, with a few words written on the paper
surrounding them:-" It is all I have got; but if Constellation
wins, I will send another hundred."
Captain Davenport was now again busily engaged in pre-
paring his ship for another voyage. She required but few
repairs, so she was likely to be soon ready. He had resolved
to take his wife and daughter with him; and Grace was very


full of the thoughts of accompanying her father. Mrs. Daven-
port had made two or three voyages; but Grace had not been
at sea since she was a very little girl.
I wish I was going too," said Emily; "how delightful it
would be!"
I am sure I wish that I was going! exclaimed Walter.
" I have often thought I should like to be a sailor; and though
I once should only have wished to go into the royal navy, I
should now like to go anywhere with Captain Davenport."
Week after week passed by. The Bussorah Mierchant was
ready for sea. A cabin had been fitted up for Mrs. Daven-
port, and another for Grace. No news came from Mr. Tom
Heathfield. Captain Davenport wrote: he considered it his
duty to do so. The day before he sailed, his letter came back
in an enclosure, stating that Mr. Tom Heathfield had broken
his neck riding a steeplechase, and that though he had wished
to leave his property to his young cousin, as all would be
swallowed up in paying his debts, there would be none forth-
coming. Walter and Emily felt very sorry when they heard
the sad end of their poor cousin, though Emily confessed to
Grace she was very glad that she had not to go and live with
Lady Di Pierpoint.
Well, my young friends," said Captain Davenport, "I
have no one with whom I can leave you, and I certainly will
not desert you. If, therefore, Emily would like to come and
be Grace's companion, we shall be very glad of her company;
and, Walter, if you wish to come to sea and learn to be a
sailor, I will undertake to instruct you as if you were my own
Walter was truly glad to accept the kind captain's offer;
indeed, it would be difficult to say what else he could do.
"When we return to England," said Captain Davenport,
"we will make more inquiries about your relations, and if
(267) 3


they still persist in refusing to acknowledge you, you will, at
all events, have learned a profession, and be independent of
them. After all, you will be far better off than had you been
brought up in idleness, and dependent on those who might
care very little for your true interests and welfare."

"1 r,*

F '- ---- -IL -.. ._ _.


Matter teathffelb' ournal.

HE Bussorah Merchant was now ready for sea. Mr
Thudicumb was first mate, as he had been on the
Previous voyage; Dick Tarbox was boatswain; young
Oliver Farwell was cabin-boy. Merlin, too, who
indeed never left the ship, was on board, and
welcomed my sister and me, whom he recognized the moment
we appeared with signs of the greatest satisfaction. The ship
was bound out to the coast of China and Japan, with a pro-
spect of visiting several other interesting places before she
returned home. I was delighted with the thoughts of all I
should see, and was very glad to find on board several books
descriptive of those regions. The ship came to an anchor at
Gravesend,- where several passengers joined her. Among
them was a gentleman with very broad shoulders, a broad
forehead, and light curling. hair covered by a very broad-
brimmed white hat. His eyes were blue and remarkably
keen; he had a nose somewhat turned' up; and a firm mouth,
with a pleasing smile, showing a set of strong white teeth.
He brought with him a number of cases and boxes; among
them gun-cases, and fishing-rods, and cases which looked as if



--r- -- 4--1 -- -" -


they enclosed instruments, with numerous other articles not
usually carried by travellers. His business-like, quiet manner
showed that he was well accustomed to move about the world.
Who he could be I could not tell. Soon after he came on
board he called Oliver Farwell to help him arrange his cabin;
but as Oliver had other duties to attend to, I offered my
"Yes, my lad, I shall be very much obliged to you," said
the gentleman. I should have liked to have got these
things on board before the ship left the docks; but there was
no time for that; and it is important that they should be
secured before we get into a tumbling sea, from which they
may receive damage."
I observed that Mr. Nicholas Hooker was painted on all the
cases, and of course concluded that such was the name of the
gentleman. He had a number of screws with which he fastened
some of the articles to the bulkheads, and lashed others in a
seamanlike fashion. There were charts and telescopes; indeed,
from the various articles he had with him, I fancied that perhaps
the gentleman was a naval officer. Still, as I did not see


R.N. at the end of his name, I thought again that he could
not be so.
At length Mr. Hooker, having unpacked his books, various
instruments, and other articles, begged that the cases might
be stowed away below. His directions were promptly obeyed,
and having surveyed his cabin, he seemed satisfied that all was
in perfect order.
Now, young gentleman," he said, with a pleasant smile
which won my confidence, I daresay you would like to know
what all these, things are for. Some are for taking the latitude
and longitude, ascertaining the exact position of places on the
earth's surface. Others are for measuring the height of
mountains, some the temperature of the air and water, and so
on. Then I have cases for creatures which move in the
water or fly in the air, which walk or crawl on the earth or
burrow beneath it; and I have the means of shooting them or
trapping them. Those I can, I hope to preserve alive; and if
not, to be able to exhibit to my scientific friends, when I return
home, the forms of some perfect, the skins of others, and the
skeletons of others. And now, having told you thus much, I
must leave you to guess what I profess myself to be. One
thing I can tell you, I know very, very little compared to
what there is to be known. I hope to gain more knowledge,
but I am very well aware that, gain all I can, I can but add a
very small portion to what is already known, and a still smaller
compared to what is to be ascertained. Here comes the captain.
We are old friends, and that induced me to select this ship for
my voyage. Are you his son ? "
"No, sir," I answered; but he is a very kind friend of
mine; and were it not for him, I know not what would have
become of me and my sister."
The Bussorah Merchant had a fine passage down Channel,
and taking her departure from the Land's End, stood across the


Bay of Biscay. Four days afterwards the captain told us that
we were in the latitude of Cape Finisterre, but no land was to
be seen. Another eight days, with the wind abeam, carried us
into the neighbourhood of the island of Madeira.
Would not it be as well to have a look at it, sir," I said,
and then we shall better know where we are."
The captain smiled. That is not at all necessary," he
answered. By the observations we are able to take with the
perfect instruments we possess, we are able at all times to
ascertain our exact position on the ocean; and we might thus
sail round either Cape Horn or the Cape of Good Hope to
New South Wales without once sighting land till we were
about to enter Port Jackson."
"It is very wonderful," I said. "What puzzles me is
how you can find the longitude. I know you get the latitude
by seeing how high the sun is above the horizon at noon, and
then with the aid of the nautical almanac you can easily work
out the calculation."
With the aid of the chronometer we can as easily ascertain
the longitude, though the calculation is a little longer,"
answered Captain Davenport. I can explain it to you more
easily. The chronometer shows us the exact time at Green-
wich. We know by our nautical almanac that, at a certain
hour on a certain day, the sun will have attained at Greenwich
a certain altitude. When on that day and that hour we find
that the sun is so many minutes behind hand in attaining
that altitude, we know we must be a certain distance further
to the west, as, the world turning from west to east, the more
westerly a place is the longer it will be before the sun appears
there. If, on the contrary, we find the sun has gained a fixed
altitude some time before it would have gained that altitude
at Greenwich, we know that we must be to the east of Green-
wich, or have met the sun sooner than the people at Green-


which have done. Thus, the further we sail east day after
day, the sooner we see the sun; while the further we sail
west, the longer the time which passes before he shines
upon us."
"cI think I have an idea about it now, sir," I exclaimed;
"and I should be very much obliged if you will show me how
to take an observation and to make use of the books, as well
as to work out the calculations. Why, may I ask, do you cry
Stop, sir, to the second officer or to Mr. Thudicumb, who are
watching the chronometer while you are taking an observa-
tion ? "
That they may mark the exact moment shown on the
chronometer, while I mark the sun's elevation as shown on the
index of the sextant."
"But then you take observations at night sometimes, sir,
looking at the moon or the stars ? "
We do that to discover the distance which one star appears
from another at a certain hour, or their elevation above the
horizon. The object is the same as that for which we take an
observation of the sun, though the calculation is rather more
After this I set to work, and whenever the captain and his
mates took an observation, I took one also, although I was, I
must own, at first very far from correct. Sometimes my
observation was imperfect; at other times I made mistakes in
the calculation.
At length the ship, which had been favoured with a breeze
more or less strong ever since she left England, was becalmed.
Sometimes she got a little wind which lasted for an hour or
two, and then died away; then light airs came, first from one
quarter, then from another, and the crew were constantly em-
ployed in bracing up, or squaring away the yards.
"It is always like this in these Horse Latitudes," said the


boatswain as he walked the forecastle, where I had gone to
have a talk with him.
Why do you call them 'Horse Latitudes ? '" I asked, as I
listened to his remarks.
Why, I have heard say that they were so called by the
Yankees, or the people of New England, before they were
separated from Old England. They used to send out deck-
loads of horses to the West Indies, and they were very often
kept becalmed so long in these latitudes that their water
grew scarce, and to save the lives of some of the horses they
were obliged to throw the others overboard; so that is how
this part of the ocean came to be called the 'Horse Latitudes.' "
I afterwards told Mr. Hooker what Tarbox had said.
A more scientific name would be the Tropic of Cancer,"
he answered. We had a good breeze before we entered it,
but often the wind to the north of where we now are is very
variable. After we have passed this belt of calm and light
airs we shall get into the regions of the north-east trades,
which will carry us along at a fine rate till we get into the
very worst part of the ocean for trying-a person's temper,
called the Doldrums. Remember to ask me more about it
when we get there. You will remember, then, the Variables are
to the north of the Tropic of Cancer. The 'Horse Latitudes'
are on either side of the Tropic. Then we get into the north-
east trade-winds, which carry us up to the Doldrums about the
Equator; and passing through them with more or less trial of
temper, we get into the south-east trade-winds, which we shall
have to cross with our tacks aboard. Then we shall probably
find calms about the Tropic of Capricorn; after which, without
once sighting land, we may very likely find a breeze, more or
"less favourable, but seldom against us, which will carry us
through the Straits of Sunda, between Java and Sumatra, to
the west of the great island of Borneo, right away to the north,


through the China sea, leaving the Philippine Islands on
our right hand, up to Japan. I will have a talk with you
another day about those East India Islands, for they are very
curious, and are probably less generally known than most parts
of the world."
The events occurred very much as Mr. Hooker had pre-
dicted. For nearly a whole week our ship lay with her head
sometimes one way, sometimes another, the sails flapping
against the masts. Then she got a breeze which carried her a
few miles further to the south, and people's spirits began to
rise, soon again to fall when once more the sails would give a
loud flap, and hang down without a particle of wind in them.
At length, however, they once more bulged out. The yards
were squared away. The captain walked the deck with a more
elastic step than for the last week had been the case, and on
the ship went hour after hour, the breeze rather increasing
than lessening.
We are in the north-east trades," observed Mr. Hooker.
" Little fear now; for another two weeks or so we shall have a
fine run of.it."
Three day after this, a seaman from aloft shouted out, Land
Ay, ay," answered Mr. Thudicumb, who had charge of the
deck. "' It is land that will not hurt us, though;" and he
continued to let the ship run on in the course she had been
Curious to know what had attracted the man's attention, I
went aloft, and there I saw spread out on the surface of the
calm ocean, what looked like a dark field, but little raised,
however, above the water. On returning on deck, I told the
first officer that I really thought there must be land ahead.
"No, Walter, no fear of that," answered Mr. Thudicumb;
" we are crossing the Sargasso Sea. You will observe that it


is merely sea-weed and drift-wood collected in this spot from all
parts of the ocean. The currents and winds bring it, but why
this place is selected I do not exactly know. In a calm it



might bother us, but we shall only pass through a small por-
tion of it, and there is wind enough to send us along in spite of

'IN A CALM. 43

the obstruction it may offer. We must get a bucket ready, for
Mr. Hooker will be anxious to have some of it up on deck,
that he may examine the creatures who live upon it. In the
Pacific there is a collection of the same sort, and people who
could not otherwise for want of fuel inhabit some of the islands
in that region, are enabled to do so in consequence of the
supply of drift-wood it brings them."
The ship, sbon clear of the Sargasso Sea, glided on proudly,
with all sail set below and aloft. The leather was delightful;
the passengers constantly on deck. Emily and Grace were
very happy together, for everything was new and interesting.
They had plenty of employment; for Mrs. Davenport, knowing
what a sea voyage is, had brought work of all sorts. And then
they had books; and they were not above running about the
deck, and playing at ball occasionally, and Les Graces, and other
games suitable for ship-board.
Thus day after day passed pleasantly by: the sea sparkling,
the sky bright, or occasionally mottled with light clouds. One
morning, however, when they came on deck expecting to see
the blue sky above their heads, they saw only a thick canopy
of clouds. The sails were flapping against the masts; the air
was oppressive. There the ship lay, her head moving now in
one direction, now in another. Those who had before been
full of life and spirits began to complain of lassitude and
weariness. The seamen no longer moved actively about the
decks, but-went sauntering along when called upon to perform
any duty. The heat grew greater and greater. The iron
about the ship was unpleasant to touch. The pitch bubbled
in the seams of the deck and stuck to the feet. Emily and
Grace no longer wished to play at ball, or Les Graces, or any
other game. Even Merlin went disconsolately up and down
the decks, as if he thought something serious was going to
happen. I felt as I had seldom felt before.



Are we going to have a storm, sir?" I asked of the
captain. I have read that storms are apt to come on after
weather such as we now have."
I do not expect one," answered Captain Davenport,
though we may possibly have a squall of a few hours' dura-
tion; and I should not be sorry for it, if it would carry us out
of this region. We are now in the Doldrums."
Not a bad name, considering the condition of all us poor
mortals on board," observed Mr. Hooker.
We are now under the cloud ring which encircles this
part of the earth. God has placed these clouds above our
heads in this region for a particular .purpose. You will
observe that the thermometer and barometer stand lower under
this cloud ring than they do on either side of it. The clouds
not only promote the precipitation which takes place in this
region, but they also cause the rains to fall on places where
they are most required, shading the surface from which the
heating rays of the sun are to be excluded, and thus giving
tone to the atmospherical circulation of the world and vigour
to its vegetation. You have often, when the sun is sending
his rays with great heat down on the earth, seen the atmo-
sphere dancing, as it were, and trembling. This appearance
is caused by the ascending and descending columns of air.
The cloud ring creates on a greater scale this circulation of
the atmosphere; indeed, the more we examine the phenomena
of Nature, the more we shall discover the hand of a directing
Providence, in suiting all things for the convenience and use
of the beings placed by Him on the earth." -
Day after day the ship remained in this calm region with a
cloudy sky. People began to feel ill; and some fancied that
as they were going further south the heat would increase, and
could scarcely understand that as they proceeded the atmo-
sphere would again become cold. Captain Davenport and the


officers were on the watch to make use of every breath of air
which would forward the ship on her course; and at length
.she once more got the breeze, and those who had before been
complaining of lassitude and illness suddenly revived and came
on deck to enjoy the renovating and refreshing breeze. The
sky was clear; the sea bright and sparkling as before. Cheer-
ful countenances were everywhere visible, instead of the weary,
downcast looks which most of those on board had worn for
the previous ten days. The only person whoo.never seemed
depressed was Mr. Hooker. When not taking exercise on
deck, he always had a volume in his hand, from which he was
constantly making notes into his pocket-book. The works he
read were mostly on natural history.
You see, my young friend," he said to me one day, I am
anxious to ascertain what others have known, because all that
man can aim at is to increase the stock of knowledge possessed
by his fellow-men."
The varied changes of the ocean, and the creatures which
appeared beneath its surface, and occasionally above it, afforded
us an unfailing source of interest. On a bright morning I
was engaged with some work by the side of the boatswain
when I heard Grace cry out-
Oh, look-look what funny birds "
Why, miss, those are not birds, unless they may be called
water birds; those are flying fish," said Mr. Tarbox, who had
come with me to the ship's side.
Others, with Mr. Hooker, came also, looking on at the curi-
ous sight. Numbers of fish with wings, or more properly fins,
as long as their bodies, were rising out of the water and darting
along for a considerable distance above the surface, again, how-
ever, to fall helplessly into their native element. Directly
after them, in pursuit, appeared several large fish-now one of
the latter leaped half out of the water, now another, seldom



failing to catch one of the beautiful creatures in its huge
The dolphins are getting a fine banquet," I heard Mr.
Hooker remark. The poor dactylopteri are the sufferers;
but they do not fall a prey to their persecutors without a

,---F .. . ..


brave attempt to escape. See, no sooner have they wetted
their wings than they are out of the water again, and will lead
them a long chase, till the dolphins are wearied out."
We watched the pursuers and pursued till they were lost to
sight in the distance.
The ship once clear of the Doldrums, met the steady trade-
wind blowing from the south-east. With her tacks aboard,
she stood away towards the South American coast. When I


went on deck at night, I observed a change in the appearance
of the constellations; and now the beautiful one of the
Southern Cross became every day clearer, rising as it were in
the sky. The magellhenic clouds also came in sight, showing
that the ship was now in the southern hemisphere. Fre-
quently patches of light were passed in the water; caused,
Mr. Hooker told me, by the pyrosoma. They exhibited a
beautiful pale silvery light; but when they were taken out of
the water the light disappeared, till any particular part of, the
creature was touched, when the light again burst forth at that
point, pervading the whole animal mass.
The Bussorah Merchant did not, however, as many ships do,
touch at Rio de Janeiro; but passing through another belt of
calms at the Tropic of Capricorn, kept away eastward towards
the Cape of Good Hope. One evening, while I was keeping
watch under the first officer-for I was 'considered fit to take
regular duty on board-the ship running at the rate of four or
five knots an hour through the water, I heard a sound as if
substances were falling upon the deck. As I went to wind-
ward, a large dark object, wet and cold, struck me on the
shoulder, and then fell down. I instantly sung out; when
the boatswain, who was on deck, brought a lantern; and
there, to the surprise of all of us, a dozen or more cuttle fish
were found, which had sprung over the weather bulwark.
Well," exclaimed Mr. Tarbox, I never did see such a
thing as this before."
Mr. Hooker, however, said that he had heard of it, as the
creatures can spring an immense distance. I have known
some," he said, to spring right over a ship; though, cer-
tainly, to look at them, it is difficult to ascertain their means
of rising out of the water.'"
The island of Tristan d'Acunha was sighted, looming in the
evening light like some huge monster rising out of the ocean.


Looking over the sides the water appeared unusually clear;
and I could see, far down, the fish swimming about by the
side of the ship. Even Mr. Hooker, however, did not succeed
in catching any. The stormy petrel now made its appearance;
"and I and Emily and Grace were delighted soon afterwards to
see a magnificent white bird with outstretched wings following
the ship. "An albatross! an albatross! I shouted, for I
guessed at once what it was. Mr. Hooker said he wished to
catch two or three and prepare them to send back to England
by the Bussorah Merchant. He accordingly made preparations
to catch them.
I should not like to shoot one though," I remarked.
" You remember what became of the 'Ancient Mariner' who
shot an albatross; how his ship floated all alone on the ocean
day after day, and week after week, and month after month,
till all on board had died and he alone remained."
"Oh no; pray don't! exclaimed Emily, lest so dreadful
a fate should overtake us."
"It is only a fancy. of the poet's, perhaps," I remarked.
" At the same time I like to try and believe it."
"I hope the same fate does not' overtake those who catch
the bird. with a bait. It is his own fault, recollect, if he
swallows it," said Mr. Hooker, who had now got a strong
line with a hook and a piece of meat on it, with a float to
keep it from sinking. This he now veered astern. I could
not help admiring the wondrous power exhibited by the bird
as it glided on without flapping its wings. Now one was
seen to dash down at a piece of refuse which the cook had
thrown overboard, slowly again to rise and then to follow the
ship, apparently without the slightest exertion.
"That gives me an idea," said Mr. Hooker, throwing
a large piece of fat overboard before he let go his baited
hook. Again the albatross darted down on it; and then,


-.s-- ----2..- -

a powerful resistance to the line. Al-

without rising again, swam vigorously
after the baited hook.
There-he has snapped it up! I
Sc Instantly the bird found the obstrue-
tion. When the sailors who had come
aft began to attempt to haul him in, out
went his wings, with which he endea-
voured to hold himself back, offering
S, a powerful resistance to the line. Al-
g though three men were pulling away
with might and main, yet the bird
'. could not be drawn nearer the stern;
and, at length, crack went the line,
\ (267)


and off it flew with the hook and the remainder of the line in,
its mouth.
Poor creature! I am afraid it will die a miserable death,
instead of speedily being put out of its sufferings, as it would
have been had it more wisely come on board," observed Mr.
Hooker. However, we must get another line and take care
there is no flaw in it."
The passengers now amused themselves by throwing bits of
meat overboard, and seeing the albatrosses pounce down and
snap up the tempting morsels. At last Mr. Hooker's fresh
line was got ready. No sooner had the bait reached the
water than down pounced a bird upon it, rising immediately
with the hook in his mouth. This time the sailors, instead of
pulling the line up, had to haul it down, just as a paper kite
is hauled down from the sky; and, at length, by running
forward, the huge bird was brought on deck. Still it fought
bravely with its wings, which it would have been dangerous
for any one to.have approached. At length Mr. Hooker put
an end to its sufferings by a blow from a boat's stretcher.
The other albatrosses, in no way disconcerted by the disap-
pearance of their companion, still followed the ship. Two
more were caught; one hauled out of the water, the other
hauled on deck like the first.
A young gentleman going out to Japan then made his ap-
pearance with a gun in his hand; and in spite of my warnings
of what might be our fate should he kill one, began firing away
at the birds. Even a practised marksman would not have found
it easy to hit one of them, although they were in no way scared
by the report of the gun. At length, however, a bullet struck
one of them on the head, just as he descended into the water.
In an instant down pounced his companions, driving their
beaks into the dead body; and in a few minutes, while it still
remained in sight, they had torn it almost to pieces.


I hope no harm will come of that shot of yours," I said to
the young civilian; but look out! "
The young gentleman laughed, and said he did not believe
in such nonsense. Mr. Hooker was soon busily employed
in skinning his albatrosses and preparing the skins for stuffing.

--- -'=- i




CARCELY had the albatross been shot, than the wind,
which had hitherto been moderate, increased con-
siderably, and in a short time we had two reefs in
our topsails. The weather, however, was in other
respects fine, and away the ship went, careering over
the foaming seas like a high-bred hunter, dashing them aside
as she rushed onward on her course. There was something
very exhilarating in the movement. The air, too, was bracing,
and everybody seemed in high spirits." As I happened to
pass the caboose, however, I heard Potto Jumbo, the black
cook, grumbling greatly. Some one had told him that he
would have to roast one of the albatrosses for dinner. Although
generally a very merry, good-natured fellow, this had made
him excessively irate.
"' No good ever came from shooting albatross !" I heard him
exclaim. Dey like to live as much as man. Dey love free-
dom. Soar high, high up in de sky, den swoop down, and
fly along de foaming waves. 'Ah, if I had wings like dem, I
no peel potatoes and boil soup for ship's company! "
He looked up, as he spoke, towards the magnificent birds
which ever and anon appeared high above the ship's bulwarks,
as they darted forward as if to show at how far greater a rate


they could dart through the air than she could glide over the
Ah, you once slave, Potto Jumbo! Fancy you flying
with white wings Ha, ha, ha !"
This remark was made by a dark-skinned native of the East,
who was standing at the time near the caboose. He was the
serang of the Lascars, of whom we had a dozen on board.
Ali Tomba was his name. He and Potto Jumbo could not
abide each other, so it seemed. His dark countenance, with
high cheek-bones and fierce eyes, was far from prepossessing,
though his figure was well-formed; his shoulders broad, with
a small waist, and muscular arms and legs, denoting great
strength and activity. His hands and feet were wonderfully
small, considering the work to which they had been put from
his earliest days. He and his men wore their Eastern dress,
consisting of shirt and jacket, and a sort of kilt formed from a
circular piece of plaid, a scarf worn over the shoulders, which
served as a covering in bad weather, or could be wrapped
round the arm for a shield in battle. A red cotton handker-
chief, generally well-stiffened, was their usual head-dress;
They were remarkably active fellows aloft, and few things which
an English sailor could do they would not venture to under-
take. However, neither Ali.nor,his men were favourites on
board. They obeyed the superior officers readily enough, but
I observed that when Mr. Tarbox directed them to do any-
thing, they did it in a sulky way. Why this was I could not
make out.-Ali stood by, bantering the cook about his remark.
Potto Jumbo had taken a liking to me. He had been on
board the ship in her former voyage, and I believe knew my
history. He himself was deserted--without friends in the
world-and this gave him a fellow feeling, as he considered
that his case was similar to mine. I had an idea, indeed, that
there was more in Potto Jumbo than appeared. Though he



had a warm and quick temper, he was evidently kind-hearted.
I judged it by the way he treated the animals on board.
Merlin, especially, was a favourite of his, and he took good care
that he should never be without a plentiful dinner. Even in the
way he put the dog's food down he showed his kind disposi-
tion; and while he was mixing up the mess and Merlin stood
by wagging his tail and licking his lips, Potto Jumbo always
cast a kind glance downwards at his four-footed friend, and
generally had a pleasant word to give him into the bargain.
For Oliver Farwell, however, he had a greater regard than
for anybody on board. I rather think because he more than
any one else seemed to require sympathy and protection.
Though the boy had plenty of spirit, he seemed scarcely fitted
for the rough life on board ship. The other boys, when they
could do so without being seen by Potto Jumbo, amused
themselves by ridiculing and teasing Oliver. They seemed to
delight in playing him all sorts of tricks, and very often pretty
rough ones too. I had never spoken much to Oliver, though
I observed that whenever Mr. Hooker was describing anything,
Oliver, if he could do so without impropriety, stopped and
listened, and seemed to take great interest in what was said.
When work was over, I often saw him in the pantry reading.
Not only on Sundays, but every day nearly, it seemed to me,
he read the Bible at odd moments; indeed, a sailor at sea,
unless he takes odd moments for reading, may never read at
all. Oliver had not only his duties as a cabin-boy to attend
to, but as he wished to become a sailor, and the captain desired
that he should become one, he was frequently employed on
At the moment I am describing, Oliver Farwell had gone
forward, and with several other boys was in the fore-rigging.
What. they were about I do not remember, but, looking up, I
saw they were skylarking, and it seemed as if the others were


trying to play Oliver some trick. Be that as it may, all of a
sudden I saw one of them fall from aloft. I thought it was
Oliver. Of course it ought not to have made any difference to
me who it was. I expected that he would be. killed, but he
struck the hammock nettings, and bounded overboard. I did not
stop a moment to think. It did not occur to me that it would
take a long time to heave the ship to, and to lower a boat, and
with the heavy sea running the operation would be a difficult
and dangerous one, and that it would be equally difficult to
pick anybody out of the water. I had been noted at school
for being a-good swimmer, and had, just before I left, saved
the life of a school-fellow who had got out of his depth, and
been carried out a good way by the current. I had followed
him, dived after he had sank, and brought him to the surface,
and then hauled him on to the bank of the river where we
were bathing. I remembered this, or perhaps I should say I
did not think about anything but the one idea of saving the
life of a fellow-creature. I was lightly clad. Throwing off
my jacket, before Potto Jumbo could cry out, or any one else
attempt to stop me, I was overboard. I was in the water
almost as soon as the cry of A man overboard was raised.
A glance aloft showed me that it was Oliver Farwell who
had fallen. As I reached the water I could see him on the
top of a wave, just as the ship's quarter glided past me. I
shouted out to him, and swam forward. I now found how
different -it was swimming in smooth water and swimming
in the heavy sea there was running. At the same time I had
been accustomed to fresh water, which is less buoyant than
salt, and thus I felt myself greatly supported.
The instant the cry of A man overboard! was raised,
a life buoy was let go. It fell some distance from me. I
doubted whether I should swim to that and tow it to Oliver,
or go to Oliver first and try to get him up to it. My fear was



that Oliver would sink before I could reach him. I deter-
mined to get hold of Oliver. I could hear the cries of the
people on board as they watched me, encouraging me in my
attempt. I had scarcely been in the water ten minutes when
I heard a peculiar rushing sound, and turning round my head
saw the long wings of an enormous albatross passing close
above me. A blow from its beak would have been fatal. I
looked towards. Oliver more anxiously than ever, fearing that,
passing me, it might strike him. I shouted to him, and told
him to shout too, hoping that the noise might scare off the
bird. Others, however, came sweeping by. Again a wing
almost touched my head. Diving, I knew, would have been
of no use, for the creature might have followed me far lower
than I could have sunk. Still I swam on.
I heard another shout, and as I rose to the top of a wave I
saw just astern of the ship a black head and face-it was Potto
Jumbo. Above his head he waved a long knife. He intended
it as a signal that he was coming to my assistance. At the
same instant a l(ud bark came from the stern of the ship, and
I saw Merlin, who appeared one moment at the taffrail, and
the next leaped over into the foaming ocean. Nearer and
nearer he approached. I was more anxious for him than for
my human friend, as I was afraid the albatrosses would attack
him, and he had no means of defending himself. Although I
had followed Oliver almost immediately into the water, it
seemed a long time before I could get up to him. A curling
wave rolled towards him; 'he was buried beneath it. I thought
he had sunk for ever. I darted forward, and caught sight of him
just beneath the surface. I seized him by the collar of his jacket,
and together we rose to the surface. He was still conscious.
Throw yourself on your back I cried. I helped him to
do so. And now I struck out for the life-buoy. A sea provi-
dentially threw it towards us. Sooner than I could have ex-


pected I had hold of it, and had placed one of the beckets in
Oliver's hands. Not a moment too soon. I turned my glance
upward for an instant at the bright blue sky, out of which the
hot sun shone on the sparkling waters. Suddenly a dark
shadow seemed to intervene. I heard a rushing sound, dis-
tinct amid the roar of the waves, and, to my horror, I saw
close above me a huge pair of white wings, from which pro-
jected the head and formidable beak of a bird. He was dart-
ing towards me. A blow from that beak might have struck
either of us senseless. The only means of defence I could think
of was my shoe. I pulled it from my foot to ward off the
blow. The bird seized it, and, as if content with his prize, off
he flew. A shout of applause from Potto Jumbo reached us,
and in another minute he and Merlin got up to the life-buoy.
A sea was on the point of taking off Oliver, but Merlin seized
him by the collar, and dragged him back within my reach.
Satisfied for the moment, he kept swimming round and round
us, as if prepared to render any assistance which might be re-
quired. I was indeed thankful that he had come, for I could
with difficulty help Oliver to hold on to the life-buoy. An-
other, and another bird flew towards us, but whether frightened
at our shouts, or the flourish of Potto Jumbo's sharp blade, I
do not know, but, circling round, they flew off again as if in
search of other prey.
We could now see the ship hove to. A boat was lowered,
but so lolig was she before shoving off, so it seemed to me, that
we were afraid some accident had happened. One idea occurred
to me while in the water. Should I be lost, what would
become of Emily? I thought of the prayer of the sinking
master of the ship in Falconer.'s Shipwreck," and I prayed
for her I loved best on earth, as many a seaman undoubtedly
has prayed, when tossing on the foaming waves. Still I
had no fears; I knew that that prayer would be heard.



"Keep up, Massa Walter! Keep up!" cried Potto
Jumbo, as he helped me to hold our companion on to the life-
buoy, and saw that I indeed required aid myself. Keep up,
Massa Walter! boat soon come. See, see! dere she is away
from the ship! Hurrah! Never say die! See, she comes!
Joe Tarbox or the first mate in her. Never fear! Hurrah,
hurrah! "
Thus he continued shouting, for the double purpose of keep-
ing up our spirits, and of scaring away the albatrosses. Now,
at length, I saw that the boat was cle'r of the ship. On she
came. Now she appeared on the summit of a foaming sea,
now she was hid from view in the trough below it; then again
she came in sight, for when she was sinking we at the same
time were rising in most instances, and could therefore look
over the intervening seas. Still the time seemed very long.
It required careful management to get near the life-buoy with-
out striking us. To pick up one person was difficult, but to
take up three the risk was far greater.
You go first!" cried Potto Jumbo, as the boat ap-
"No, no," I said; let Oliver be taken in. He is almost
drowned.as it is."
We could see the boat's bows almost above us. It seemed
as if the next instant she would coine down like a huge ham-
mer upon our heads. But Joe. Tarbox knew well what he
was about, and turned her head aside, while a strong arm
stretched forth, seized hold of Oliver as Potto Jumbo held
him up, and he was safe on board. My companion insisted
on my going next. Again the boat, which had been driven
off by the sea, approached us.
"t Quick! quick!" cried Joe. "Have them both in at
I was nearest my friend, and seizing hold of me he hauled


me in over the quarter, while Potto sprang to the side, and was
dragged in by the other men. Merlin waited till he saw us
both on board, and not till then did he push for the boat,
with his snout lifted up as if asking for assistance. Ready
hands were stretched out to him, and with their help he
quickly scrambled on board, and made his way aft to the
stern sheets, where he looked into my face as if to inquire
whether I was all right.
We must have the life-buoy, though," cried Joe; for
another of us may be falling overboard before long."
As there was no danger of injuring the life-buoy, that was
quickly got on board. And now commenced our return to
the ship. It required careful steering to make our way amid
those heavy seas, and still more dangerous was it to get along-
side. Oliver, who was scarcely conscious, was first hoisted
up. I was very glad of assistance to get up too; for though
I did not feel fatigued, my strength had really almost gone.
No sooner had I reached the deck than I found myself in
Emily's arms.
Dear, dear Walter! she exclaimed; you brave boy;
and yet-" and she burst into tears.
Mrs. Davenport and Grace were close behind her. You
must come below, Walter-come below and get'off your wet
things they exclaimed.
Merlin followed Potto Jumbo on deck, and, giving himself
a thorough shaking, came aft, wagging his tail, to receive the
approving pats of his friends; while the black cook, casting a,
look behind him, which seemed to say that he was indif-
ferent to the compliments which might have been paid him,
made his way forward into the fore-peak to shift his wet
I will not repeat the complimentary things which were said
to me by the passengers. Mr. Hooker wrung my hand.



It was well and bravely done, Walter," he exclaimed.
" I am glad to see that you have got it in you."
Oh! I did not think about it," I answered honestly. I
once before picked a fellow out of the water, so I thought I
ought to try to do it again. I know there are a good many
people who cannot swim, and I hoped that I could do it."
I quickly had my wet things off, and made my appearance
again on deck, not much the worse for my exertions, though
perhaps my hand did tremble a little; and I was not sorry
when the captain asked me into the cuddy-cabin, and gave me
a glass of wine.
I am thankful that you saved that poor boy, Walter," he
said, giving me one of his kind looks. I should be deeply
grieved to lose him. He is the only son of a widowed
mother, and her heart would have been broken had he been
lost. He had shipped on board a vessel bound for the coast
of Africa, when I found him, and persuaded the captain to
let him come aboard my ship; for the crew were a rough lot,
and he would have learned no good among them, while the
risk of losing his life on the coast would have been very great.
His poor mother had seen better days, I found. I do not
know much of her history, but I know she brought up two
daughters, and gave them a good education, and she had done
in the same way all she could for this boy; but I believe that
her means failed her, and she was then unable to pay for his
instruction, so that he only got what she herself could give
him. The boy's whole heart had been set on going to sea,
little knowing, of course, what he would have to go through."
Soon after we came on board, it began to blow much
harder; and we had good reason to be thankful that the
accident had not happened later in the day. I was, after this
event,- made a good deal of on board. The captain observed
that-I ran a considerable risk of being spoiled. It was not


fair, indeed, that I should get all the praise, when the black
cook had also behaved in a gallant manner. Indeed, if it had
not been for him, I suspect that the albatrosses would have
finished both Oliver and me before the boat could have got
up to us.
Very glad you escaped, Massa Walter," said Potto Jumbo,
the following day. "Dear me! I jump overboard twice as
much sea as dat!" he added, when I told him how thankful
I was to him. Me fight shark with one big knife, and cut
him under the t'roat and kill him. Potto Jumbo one 'phi-
bious animal, so doctor once say to me. I swim in de water
like porpoise, and climb tree like monkey. Ah! you see de
monkeys when we get out dere," and Potto Jumbo pointed
eastward. Ah! dat one fine country, only little too hot
sometimes for lily-white skins;" and Potto Jumbo grinned
from ear to ear, as if congratulating himself that his own
dark covering was impervious to the sun's rays of that or any
other region.
Potto Jumbo's chief friend was an English seaman-Roger
Trew by name. Roger was short and stout, with wonderfully
long arms, and of immense strength; but he never put it
forth except in the way of duty, and was on ordinary occasions
as mild and gentle as a lamb. I believe Potto Jumbo ad-
mired him because he had the power of knocking any man
down on board who might offend him, and yet did not use it.
The captain considered Trew a good seaman; and so, I know,
did Joe Tarbox. His figure did not appear well suited for
going aloft, and yet no man could more quickly overhaul the
weather hearing in a heavy gale than he could. I have said
sufficient about the ship's company for the present. I do not
mention others, because there was nothing very remarkable
about them. I had been doing my best to become a seaman
ever since I stepped on board, both by making myself ac-


quainted with every manoeuvre performed, and learning the
arts of knotting and splicing, reefing and steering, as well as
studying navigation. The captain told me that he was well
pleased with my progress, and this encouraged me to perse-
vere. My great ambition was to learn a profession, and thus
to be independent. It is what all boys should aim at. I had
originally no particular taste for the sea; but having chosen
it, I was determined to be a thorough sailor. How many
among my schoolfellows could not make up their minds what
to be, or did not seem to think that it was necessary to be
something or other. Now my idea was, and is stronger now,
that every person ought to possess some especial knowledge of
a profession, calling, or trade, by the practice of which he can
maintain himself. If all boys and lads were impressed with
this important practical truth, how many might be saved from
ruin, from going to the dogs," as the phrase is, simply be-
cause they have no honest means of supporting themselves. I
say this here, because I may otherwise forget to say it else-
where, and I am very anxious to impress it on the minds of
my readers. We had two men on board the Bussorah Mer-
chant who had been at good schools, and at a university, but
had failed to benefit by their advantages. They had had
-money-one, indeed, several hundreds a-year-but they had
dissipated the whole of it, and had been wandering about the
streets of London for several months utterly penniless, till
they shipped as seaman before the mast on board a ship
bound round Cape Horn. After knocking about in the
Pacific for some years, they had returned home no richer than
when they went out, and were glad immediately to ship aboard
us. From tleir appearance and manners I should not have
suspected what they had been, till one day I heard one of
them quoting "Horace" to the other. He was rather sur-
prised when I capped the verse; and by degrees, having


gained their confidence, they gave me the account I now repeat,
with a great many more circumstances which I do not con-
sider it necessary to narrate. Poor fellows, they had been so
thoroughly accustomed to the rough ways of the roughest of
seamen, that I suspect they had lost all taste for a more
refined style of life. So I say to my young readers, what-
ever you do, fix upon a profession, and try to make yourself
thoroughly competent to fill it. Do not rest or flag till you
have done so; and never for a moment suppose that you will
have any permanent enjoyment in an idle life.
We had got nearly half-way across the Indian Ocean, when,
one day as I was aloft, I saw in the far distance an object
which looked like a log of wood, with a tiny white sail ap-
pearing above it. I hailed the deck, and Mr. Thudicumb
bringing his glass, came up to look at it. After some time it
was reported to the captain, and the ship was kept away
towards it. As we approached, Mr. Thudicumb said it ap-
peared to him like a canoe; but though she seemed to be
steering steadily before the wind, no one could be seen aboard

.. ..



UMEROUS telescopes were turned towards the
object I have described. I see a man's head!"
cried one. "Yes; and his shoulders!" exclaimed
another. He is leaning back in the stern of the
canoe, steering with a paddle." He had not
discovered us, though, for on he went careering
over the seas as unconcernedly as if he were not some hun-
dreds of miles away from land.
In a short time we were abreast of the canoe, passing her
to leeward. A dark-skinned man, lightly clad, sat in the
stern steering with an oar. His sail was a piece of calico
spread on a slender yard, the mast being scarcely thicker
than the yard. Not till we were close to him did he perceive
us. Lifting up his hands towards the ship, he pointed to his
mouth, making an imploring gesture at the same time. Ap-
parently he was trying to speak, but his voice was too weak
to be heard. Still he sat as before, not attempting to rise
and lower the sail; but on went the light canoe, dancing from
wave to wave, now gliding down from the top of one, quickly
to mount to the summit of another.
"I doubt, sir, whether he has got the strength to move,"
said Mr. Thudicumb to the captain. Or he is afraid of


his canoe broaching to, should he attempt to leave the
We must run on, and heave to for him," said Captain
Davenport. We can then lower a boat and pick him up. It
is as you suppose, Thudicumb; I have no doubt about it."
The poor occupant of the canoe made a gesture of despair
as he saw the ship leaving him astern. Apparently he did
not understand the meaning of the words addressed to him
through the captain's speaking-trumpet. Still he sat as be-
fore, his eyes kept constantly ahead, while with one arm he
directed the course of his canoe. She flew so fast that we had
to get a considerable distance ahead before we hove to. A
boat was then lowered, into which Mr. Tarbox and six stout
hands jumped for the purpose of intercepting the approaching
canoe. The boat had only just time to get ready, with her
head in the direction towards which the canoe was sailing,
when she was up to her. We watched her anxiously from the
ship. She was soon alongside the boat. Several strong
hands seized 'her, while the occupant was lifted out and
placed in the stern-sheets of the boat. Quick as lightning
the canoe was passed astern and secured, and the boat pulled
back towards the ship. With the heavy sea there was
running, it was a difficult matter to get alongside, and still
more so to lift up a helpless person without risk of injury.
By the management of the boatswain, however, helped by
those above, the dark-skinned stranger was soon lifted up on
deck. He was too weak to speak, but he had still conscious-
ness sufficient to point to his lips. Soup for the passengers'
luncheon was just being brought aft. A little was imme-
diately poured down his throat. It had the effect of reviving
him somewhat, and he uttered a few words, but none of those
standing round were able to comprehend their meaning. The
canoe was safely got on board and examined. Not a particle
(267) 5


of food was found, but in the bottom of a small cask there
remained about half a pint of water. The wood, however,
from the sides of the canoe had been scraped off.
That is what the poor fellow has been living on," observed
Tarbox. "Hard fare, to be sure. It would not help much
to keep an Englishman's soul in his body; but it is wonder-
ful what these black fellows can live on."
The canoe was about eighteen feet long, cut out of a single
log, worked very fine, with wash-boards nailed on above. It
seemed surprising that she could have gone through the heavy
sea which had been running for some days past. Her owner
was carried below, and after a little more food had been given
him, he fell fast asleep.
When he awoke, he appeared to be perfectly recovered,
sitting up and looking round him with an air of astonishment,
as if he had not been aware how he had been brought on board.
I had accompanied the surgeon to visit him. He again uttered
some of the strange words we had before heard, but finding no
one understood him, he stopped, and appeared to be collecting
his senses. He then said something which sounded like French.
It was very bad French, to be sure; but we shortly made out
that he was expressing his thanks to us for having rescued him.
The next day he was up and dressed, and though somewhat
weak, perhaps, apparently as well as anybody on board. He
now came aft, when, in his broken language, helped out with
a word or two of English, he gave us a strange story. I
cannot pretend to give his account in his own language-indeed
it would not be very clear if I did so, as it was only after he
had been on board some time that we gained all the particulars.
He told us that his name was Macco, that he was born in
Madagascar, at a village in the north of that large island.
With several lads from the same village he had gone on board
a vessel which had carried them to the Mauritius. There he


had worked as a field-labourer for some time, and though not
a slave, treated very little better than one. Hie had learned
something about Christianity, but not much, I am afraid. He
knew that some of his countrymen had become Christians; but
as large numbers of them had been murdered, he was afraid,
should he ever go back to Madagascar, that he might be
treated in the same way, and was therefore unwilling to ac-
knowledge that he was a Christian. After a time he had
engaged with several other people from Madagascar, as well
as Creoles of the Mauritius, to accompany a person to the island
of Rodrigez, to be employed under him as fishermen. They
were at once embarked on board a small colonial vessel, which
conveyed them to that island, where they were hired out to
"different masters. It appeared, however, that the Creoles were
very jealous of the Malagasys, and poor Macco found himself
very ill treated by them. Frequently they beat him, and
often threatened his life. Several times he complained of their
conduct to his master; but the man was hard-hearted, and
only laughed at his complaints, telling him to go and thrash
the Creoles, and they would soon cease to torment him. Poor
Macco, however, was a mild-tempered young man, and pro-
bably thought that he would only be treated worse if he made
any such attempt. At length, to avoid the persecutions to
which he was subjected, he determined to run away from the
island, and endeavour to reach the Mauritius. He mentioned
his determination to one of his fellow-countrymen, who advised
him to put it into execution. He, however, had to wait some
time before he could carry out his project. He began, how-
ever, at once to store up a supply of food to support himself
during his projected voyage. At first he contemplated build-
ing a canoe for himself, but as that might raise suspicions of
his intentions, he resolved to take one belonging to his master.
He had some scruples about stealing it, but at the same time



he persuaded himself that as his master would not redress his
grievances, he was justified in doing so. He probably wvas
unacquainted with the golden rule of never doing wrong that
good might come of it. It was a subject, indeed, on which
casuists might differ. Be that as it may, Macco fixed on a
canoe which he thought would answer his purpose. His
countrymen assisted him, and he procured a piece of-calico to
serve as a sail, and soon cut a mast and spar on which to spread
it. The only food he was able to provide for supporting
existence was eight pounds of uncooked rice, and a small
barrel of water.
One evening as it was growing dark he stole down to the
shore, and the wind being as he thought fair, shoved off the
canoe, hoisted a sail, and with an oar for steering, which he
secured to the stern of the canoe, stood away from the land.
The weather at first was very fine, and he glided smoothly over
the sea, hoping before long to reach either the Mauritius or
Bourbon. He was unable to restrain his hunger, which the
uncooked rice could have done little to appease, and therefore
ate up nearly a pound a day. Thus at the end of eight or
nine days he had finished the whole of his provisions. He had
still some water left, however, and he knew very well that he
could go without food for a day, hoping before the end of it
to have land in sight. He scarcely stirred from his seat in
the stern of the canoe. When he dropped off to sleep, the
movement of the oar very soon awoke him. Few Europeans
on such fare would have lived beyond the first ten days.
Macco, however, when his rice was expended, began to scrape
away the wood from the inside of his canoe. This, cut up
fine, he ate, washing it down with water. Day after day
passed by. and still no land, no sail appeared. Often he slept,
steering instinctively, it must have been, before the wind, and
waking-up to feel the gnawing of hunger. This he satisfied


with the scraped wood; Incredible as it may appear, such
was the only food on which he supported existence for thirteen
days. We had many opportunities of testing the man's honesty,
and had no reason to doubt his veracity. He was of course
little more than skin and bone when he was brought on board.
He had actually been twenty-two days at sea when we found
In the course of a few days he had completely recovered his
strength, and seemed very well satisfied with his lot. As he
was a smart, active fellow, he was entered as one of the seamen
of the Bussorah Merchant. He knew a little English already,
and quickly picked up more. He was thus well able to under-
stand the orders given him. He did not appear to be a
favourite with the men. He was evidently retiring and un-
sociable. Perhaps he had been so long subjected to ill-treat-
ment from others, that he was unwilling to place confidence
in those among whom he was cast, until he had ascertained
that they were well-disposed towards him. I observed,
however, that Ali was constantly speaking to him, but I
rather doubt that their words were very intelligible to each
other, as English was the only common language they pos-
sessed. Ali knew it very imperfectly, and Macco still less.
More than once I observed Ali's quick, piercing, fierce eyes
fixed on him attentively, as he appeared to be endeavouring to
impress some matter on his mind. Macco's look all the time
was passive, and he either did not comprehend what was said,
or was uninfluenced by it.
One night, when it was my watch on deck, I had been
standing looking out on the forecastle, when I heard a voice
near me say, When you step aft, Massa Walter, I got word
to whisper in your ear." It was Potto Jumbo who spoke. I
had thought that he had been in his bunk asleep.
"* The narrative is true, and is given exactly as described in the original account.


"What is it?" I asked.
"I tell presently-not here, though," he answered, gliding
away from me, and going over to the other side of the deck,
where he stood, as if looking up and admiring the stars
which glittered above our heads.
As soon as I could leave the forecastle, I went and stood
near the gangway, where the black cook soon joined me.
I no like what going forward on board, forward there,"
and he pointed to the fore-peak. Dat Ali Tomba one big
rascal. He go talky talky to de men, and try to make
dem mutinous like hisself."
"But what can he have to complain of ?" I observed; the
crew seem all well treated."
"Dere it is dat make me angry," said Potto. He come to
me one day, he say, Potto Jumbo, you black slave, you peel
potato for white men; dey make you do what dey like. Why
not strike one blow for freedom ?' I say, 'I free as any man
on board. I come here because I like come here. I go away
when voyage over, and live ashore like one gentleman till
money gone, and den come to sea again. No man more free
dan I.' "
I think you are right, Potto," I observed, on that point;
but surely Ali fancies that he has some cause of complaint.
Why does he not speak out like a man, and say what it is?
Have you any idea ?"
"Just dis, Massa Walter," he answered; "in de last ship
Ali sailed in, de captain was one big tyrant'. He flogged de
men, he stopped de men's wages, he feed dem badly, and treat
dem worse dan de dogs in de street without masters. One day
dis Captain Ironfist-dat was his name-go to flog Ali, but
Ali draw his knife and swear he die first or kill de captain;
but de captain knocked him down wid one handspike, and put
Ali in irons, and den flog him, and den put him back in irons;


and den carried him to port, and den put him into prison.
Captain Ironfist sailed away in another ship, and Ali not
"find him; so Ali swore dat he would have his revenge on de
next captain he sailed wid. He no find opportunity to do
harm to Captain Davenport as yet, but he wait like snake in
de grass to spring up and sting him when he can. Now he
and his men want to go to Calcutta, and dey thought when
de ship sailed dat dey were going dere. Now dey find dat
we go to Japan, dey bery angry, and all swear dat de ship
shall go to Calcutta in spite of de captain. Dere are some bad
Englishmen on board as well as demselves, and dey up to any
mischief, and Ali tink he count on dem. He think too he
count on Potto Jumbo, but he make one big mistake. I no
say anything when he talk to me, but shrug my shoulders, and
make one ugly face at him, and so he tink all right. He think
too he got Macco, but Potto not so certain of dat."
But, surely," I observed, he and his Lascars would not
attempt to take the ship from the captain and officers, with
the larger number of the white crew, who would certainly side
with us ? "
Don't know," said Potto. He one daring fellow, and he
try anything; but if he find he no strong enough, he try to
burn de ship or to scuttle her. At all events, he try to do
some mischief."
This is, indeed, a serious matter," I observed; and I am
grateful to you, Potto, for telling me. At the same time,
however, bad as Ali's intentions may be, I really do not think
we have much cause for alarm. Still, I am sure the captain
also will be grateful to you for the warning you give him; but
I am afraid he will be very much annoyed when he hears of it.
I think I must first tell Mr. Thudicumb, and he can arrange
the best way of letting the captain know."
"Dat's it, Massa Walter. Tell de first officer. He wise
/ *


man. He no put out by dis or any oder matter. I now go
forward, lest Ali come on deck, or any of his people, and see
me talking to you."
Do so," I said; but, Potto, I think you will assist us if
you would pretend to be more ready to listen to what Ali has
to say to you, and you can give me information of his plans."
Potto did not answer immediately.
I not certain dat Ali speak de truth to me," he answered.
At first he did; but he big, cunning rogue, and he suspect
dat I no love his plans. Still, Massa Walter, I do as you
wish, dough Potto Jumbo no like to act spy over any one,
even big rascal like All. Potto Jumbo once prince in his own
country, before de enemies of his people came and burnt his
village, and kill his fader, and moder, and broders, and sisters,
and carry off him and all dey did leave alive on board de
slave-ship. Den de British cruiser take her, and Potto Jumbo
enter on board de man-of-war, and dere became boy to de cook,
and now Potto Jumbo is cook hisself on board de Bussorah
.Merchant. Dere, Massa Walter, you have my history. You
see I do not wish to do anything derogatory to my family and
my rank; and Potto Jumbo drew himself up, as if he was
again the monarch of half-a-dozen bamboo-built cottages, and
their unclothed, dark-skinned inhabitants. Now, good-night,
Massa Walter, again; I go forward."
Potto Jumbo glided away to the fore-peak, and I walked
aft. I had, however, some little time to wait before my watch
was over. I then hurried into the first mate's cabin. He was
about to leave it to take charge of the deck.
Will you let me have a word with you, sir," I said, be-
fore you leave the cabin. I have something somewhat un-
pleasant to communicate, and I do not like to delay doing
"Let me have it out then at once, Walter," he said.


Nothing like the present moment; and, for my part, I always
like to know the worst, if I can get at it."
I at once told him in a low voice the information I had re-
ceived from Potto Jumbo. The light of the lamp in his cabin
fell on his weather-beaten countenance, but I saw no change
in it.
Very likely," he observed; that serang has a hang-dog
look, which shows that he is capable of attempting any
atrocity; but I do not think he will succeed notwithstanding.
I will tell the captain in the morning, but there is no necessity
to do so now. For his own sake, he will not set the ship on
fire, or scuttle her, at this distance from land; and as to his
hope of overpowering us, or the English part of the crew, the
idea is absurd. However, I will warn the other officers. You
go and tell Mr. Tarbox I wish to speak to him. Take care
the Lascar fellows do not see you; and then go back to your
berth and turn in."
I made my way to the boatswain's cabin, and, rousing him
up, told him that the first officer wished to see him on a
matter of importance.
I need ask no questions, Walter," he observed. Do you
know what it is about ? "
Mr. Thudicumb will tell you all about it," I replied; keep-
ing to my resolution of not speaking to any one else about
the matter.
I then went to my berth, and feeling sure that all would be
managed wisely by the first officer, was in less than a couple
of minutes fast asleep. In my dreams, however, I heard fear-
ful noises. I fancied I saw the mutineers rushing aft; but in-
stead of ten Lascars, there were fifty or one hundred dark-
skinned fellows, with sharp krisses in their hands, threatening
destruction to all who opposed them.




P WAS awoke by the cry of All hands, shorten sail."
Slipping on my clothes, I sprang on deck. The
sea was running high, the ship was heeling over to
a strong breeze. I flew to the rigging, and my
station in the mizzen-top. It was daylight. The
crew were swarming up the rigging, and I could distinguish
the Lascars forward among the most active. Whatever might
have been their intentions for evil, they seemed as eager as
any one in taking in the reefs. The serang himself lay out on
the weather yard-arm, and I saw him, hearing in hand, working
away actively with the rest. The dream was still vivid on my
mind; and I could not help feeling surprised at seeing him
thus engaged, when I had expected to be struggling in a deadly
conflict with him and his companions. The ship was soon
brought under snug sail, and standing on her course to the
eastward. The watch below returned to their bunks to take
the remainder of their short.night's rest, and I was quickly
Again the same dream came back to me. Once more the
Lascars made their way aft, but this time stealthily.. I fancied
I saw Ali leading them through the gloom of night, whilst
the captain was unconscious of their approach, gazing over the


taffrail, as if watching some object astern. I tried to warn
him, but could not make my voice heard. Ali was close to
him, with his kriss ready to strike, when I heard the watch
below called.
In a moment I was awake. My dream was at an end. I
dressed as usual for the morning work of washing down decks,
and in another minute was paddling about with my bare feet
on the planks, among idlers holy-stoning, and topmen dashing
buckets of water here and there on every side, often into the
face of some unhappy wight to whom they owed a grudge.
The wind did not increase, but there was sufficient sea on to keep
many of the passengers below. Mrs. Davenport, however, with
Emily and Grace, came on deck. They required, however,
assistance to move about, which I and the third mate, and a
young civilian going out to Singapore, had the satisfaction
of rendering them. Emily and Grace sat watching the high,
tossing, foaming seas with delight.
How grand! exclaimed Emily. I quite envy the huge
fish which can swim about unconcerned in these tumbling
waves, or the sea-fowl which fly over them from ridge to ridge
bathing in the spray."
Grace admired the masses of white foam which flew off from
the summits of the seas as they rolled grandly by. Mr. Hooker
was the merriest of the party, and seemed well pleased with
the delight the girls exhibited at the new aspect the ocean
had put on. He only regretted that he could not read as much
as usual, as he was tempted, like them, to remain on deck and
observe it.
I had not forgotten what I had heard from Potto Jumbo
about Ali and his companions. I observed them on deck
going about their duty as quietly and orderly as any one.
Mr. Thudicumb had not again alluded to the subject, and I
could not tell whether or not he had informed the captain.



I could not, however, help suspecting that Ali had seen
Potto speaking to me, and that he might therefore be acting
as he was doing for the purpose of throwing us off our guard.
I resolved to mention my suspicion to Mr. Thudicumb as soon
as I had an opportunity, and in the meantime to watch Ali,
and try to find out what he was about. I had no opportunity
of speaking, unobserved, to the black cook; for whenever I
went forward either Ali himself, or one of the Lascars, were
near the caboose. I suspected that they went there purposely.
For three days the gale continued. At last, one evening
Mr. Thudicumb called me into his cabin.
I have not been asleep, Walter," he said. The captain
knows all about the matter. He does not think that the
Lascars will really carry out their plans, and suspects that Ali
was merely attempting to frighten the black cook. Still, as a
matter of precaution, he has directed all the officers, as well as
most of the gentlemen passengers, to carry arms; and has
warned Mr. Tarbox, and three or four of the most trustworthy
of the men, to be on the alert. However, while the gale
blows, there is little fear that they will attempt anything;
but if we were to have a long calm, their courage would get
up, as they would believe that they could navigate the ship
in smooth water, should they be able to gain possession of
That night the sea had gone down, and the weather ap-
peared mending. While I was on deck, I found Potto Jumbo
by my side.
Well, Potto," I said, "do you think our friends have given
up their kind intentions ?"
No, Massa Walter," he answered. Me tink dey cut your
t'roat, and my t'roat, and de captain's throat, and de mate's
t'roat, and everybody's throat who no side wid dem."
Then would it not be better to get them all put in irons


at once? I observed. I wonder the captain does not secure
"Dey done nothing," answered Potto. "Dey good,
obedient seamen. What for de captain put dem in irons?
I only try and find out, and tink and guess what dey want
to do."
True," I observed; then all we can do is to watch till
they commit some overt act, as the lawyers call it."
I don't know what overt act is," observed my friend; but
I know dat if dey stick de kriss into me, or de mate,. or Massa
Tarbox, dey no stop dere. When dey begin, I know what
dese fellows are."
Then, what we must do, is to watch them narrowly," I
Ay, ay, Massa Walter, I got my eyes about me; neber
fear of dat. Dey tink me go to sleep. When cunning Lascar
talk and plot, and say what he will do, Potto lies wid one eye
just little open, peeping out of de bunk and awake, and snore
all the time like de big animal you call 'nosorous in my
country. Dey say, 'Dat black cook is fast asleep-he no
understand what we say.'-Now, good-night, Massa Walter;
me go below and talk of de tree glass of grog I got, and den
lie down, and go off to sleep and snore. Ha, ha, ha! Potto
Jumbo no sleep when his friends in danger, and their enemies
He said this in his usual low voice, and leaving me, dived
below. By the next forenoon the sea had almost completely
gone down. The reefs had been shaken out of the sails, and
under our usual canvas we were making good speed across the
ocean. Passing near the caboose, Potto Jumbo popped out
his head.
Tell de first mate to be on de watch. Dey going to do
something--mischief-never fear dat; me know not what


dough, dey so quiet; but dey intend to take away a boat, dat
I heard dem say."
Having thus delivered himself, Potto drew his head in
within his den. As soon as I could return aft. I found an
opportunity of telling Mr. Thudicumb what Potto had said.
Not much fear of their getting off," observed the first mate.
It would be difficult for the serang and his men to lower a
boat without being discovered. We must, however, keep a strict
watch over him. He probably supposes that we are near some
land which he hopes to reach. Still, whatever may be his in-
tentions, we will be even with him."
The sun had set in a glorious glow of red. The passengers
were on deck enjoying the coolness of evening, though the
shades of night quickly came down over the ocean. Suddenly
there was a startling cry of Fire, fire! and a thin wreath of
dark smoke was seen ascending up the fore-hatchway.
"Strike the fire-bell !" cried the captain. "No rushing,
my men! Steady! Mr. Thudicumb will lead the way be-
low. Be ready with the buckets.-Mr. Martin," to the
second officer, "rig a pump overboard! Mr. Tarbox, come
aft "
The captain whispered a few words to him. The men
obeyed all the orders promptly. A line was formed to pass
the buckets as they were filled down the hold. The first
officer and several men descended. The passengers joined the
party to pass the buckets. Among the most active of the
people appeared Ali, and two or three of his men. I ob-
served, however, that the remainder kept together on one side
of the ship. The smoke increased, in spite of the water
which was now hove down on the spot whence it was sup-
posed to proceed: Faster and faster we passed the buckets.
Presently there was a cry, and first one man and then another
was hauled up almost suffocated with smoke. Mr. Thudi-


cumb came last: he could scarcely stand; indeed, he appeared
almost senseless. He quickly recovered, however, and in-
sisted on again going below, though the other officers begged
to take his place.
"No, no," he shouted. "Bring wet blankets, wet bed-
ding-anything by which we may smother the flames "
Once more he and his companions descended with wet
blankets in their arms. The seat of the fire was evidently
far down.
"We must get at the cargo!" cried Mr. Thudicumb, from
below, to the captain, who was standing over the hatchway.
A crane was rigged, and whips rove, and bales and pack-
ages hauled up, several more men jumping below to assist.
I was passing the buckets when Mr. Tarbox came near me.
Keep an eye on Ali and his people," he said. I have a
notion this is their doing. For all they appear so active, they
mean mischief, depend on it."
Still Ali was working away, now passing along a bucket,
now hoisting up a bale of merchandise. Presently, however,
I saw him slip away and glide off. His men, who had ap-
parently been watching him, directly afterwards also made
their way up to the starboard quarter boat; and I observed
that each man carried a package of some sort. I ran
round to where the boatswain was assisting in hoisting up
the cargo; and he and several men, whom he summoned, in-
stantly sprang aft, where we found Ali and his companions
in the act of lowering the boat. Two were already in her
Hold fast, you villains cried Tarbox, giving a blow to
Ali, which knocked him over.
His companions drew their sharp knives, which they had
concealed in their trousers, and made a rush at the boatswain,
who was, however, too quick for them, and drawing a pistol
from his pocket, presented it at the head of the first; while


the men, seizing some boat-stretchers which had been placed
ready for use by the boatswain, laid about them with so much
energy that they quickly knocked over several of the Lascars,
though two or three were wounded in the scuffle. Ali had
again sprung to his feet, but instead of attempting to attack
Mr. Tarbox, he only cried out,-
What do you mean ? I lowered a boat to save the ladies!
Suppose fire gain on ship, what you do then with them ?"
Oh! is that it, my hearty !" answered Tarbox. How-
ever, the fire is not going to gain on the ship, I hope. Do
you tell your men to come out of the boat quickly, and make
fast the falls again, and just you come along with me."
Saying this, the boatswain made a rush at the Lascar, and
quickly passed a rope behind his arms. Two other men were
seized at the same time, their knives being taken from them.
They were then dragged into one of the cabins, and a seaman
with a loaded pistol placed as a guard over them.
Now, the rest of you go forward !" cried the boatswain to
the Lascars; and, without attempting resistance, they obeyed
the order.
Oliver Farwell was sent aft by the captain to assist the
seamen in watching the prisoners, while I again joined the
gangs in passing the buckets. The smoke continued to as-
cend as quickly as before; and, as the cargo was removed,
flames burst up, rising through the hatchway. Again Mr.
Thudicumb and his companions had to come on deck.
Never fear, though," he cried out, as soon as he had re-
covered from the effects of the smoke. "We are getting at
the seat of the fire! More volunteers for below! Come,
He had not to make any further appeal. A dozen fresh
hands, led by Mr. Hooker, each carrying sails or blankets or
bedding well saturated, sprang below; and I could not resist the


feeling that I could do more good there than on deck. Mean-
time water came rushing down round us, preventing our
clothes from catching fire. Happily the ship was steady, or
the danger would have been greatly increased.
I shall never forget that scene. The lurid glare of the fire
cast a ruddy glow over the figures of the men as they gathered
round the crater-like opening which had been made, while
dark wreaths of smoke hung over the deck above us, and
curled up towards the hatchway. Scarcely, however, had a
fresh supply of sails and bedding been thrown over the hole,
aided by the streams of water which came rushing into it,
than the flames suddenly subsided.
Hurrah !" shouted Mr. Thudicumb, and the cry was
taken up by Mr. Hooker and the rest of us. "More water !
more water!"
Bucket after bucket was handed down and dashed into the
opening, and again hauled up. We were now left in almost
total darkness: not a glimmer of light remained. The smoke
entirely disappeared, though- the strong smell of it remained.
The first officer called for lanterns, and they were quickly
brought by the boatswain and his mates. He now descended
into the lower hold, and the blankets and bedding were hoisted
up out of it.
It is as well we got out these bales," I heard him observe
to the boatswain. Here, Tarbox ; what do you say to
this ?" -
It was evident on examination that a space had been cleared
out under the cargo, and filled with straw and shavings and
other light matter. This had caused the smoke, though until
the bales above it had been removed the flames were kept
down. When the superincumbent bales were lifted off, the
flames quickly rose up; but the material which fed them
being light, had speedily burned out before they had time to
.(267) 6


ignite the surrounding cargo, which, fortunately being very
tightly packed, did not easily catch fire. A thorough exami-
nation having been made, no further signs of fire could be
discovered. A couple of trusty hands were placed to watch
the hold, and those who were drenched to the skin retired to
put on dry garments.
I soon afterwards met Mr. Tarbox, and asked him if he
suspected the cause of the fire.
Of course I do," he answered. "Depend upon it, that
fellow Ali and his gang have had a hand in it; but how they
managed to get below without being discovered is more than
I can say."
The captain and officers held now a consultation, and the
rest of the Lascars were seized, and the whole of the party put
in irons. I will not describe the scenes which took place in
the cabin after it was known that the fire had been thoroughly
put out, and that we were once more in safety. The passen-
gers exhibited their feelings in a variety of ways. Some wept,
others laughed; and many, I am glad to say, knelt down and
returned thanks to Heaven for the protection which had been
afforded us. I kissed my dear sister Emily, and told her
how thankful I was that she was safe ; for, indeed, my
thoughts had been of her all the time, more than of anything
The next morning Ali and his companions were brought up
for trial before the captain and officers and several passengers.
Suspicions were evidently strong against them, and yet no
one could prove that they had placed the combustible matter
in the hold, or had set it on fire. Ali himself declared, with
many oaths, that he was innocent of the charges brought
against him; his air, indeed, was that of a much injured per-
son. As to his attempt to lower a boat, he asserted positively,
and his men corroborated his statement, that the order had


been given by the second officer. When Martin declared he
had issued no such order, Ali shrugged his shoulders, and
could only say that he must have been mistaken, and that the
error arose in consequence of his slight knowledge of English.
When asked how they came to have arms in their hands, they
said they had brought their knives for ordinary use; and in
the same way they had secured some provisions, knowing that
should they have to go in the boats they would be required,
as they could not eat the food cooked by the Christians.
Now, if my kind friend Captain Davenport had a fault, it
was that of being too lenient. Instead of keeping Ali and
his gang in irons, he at once liberated them, warning them
that though suspicions were strongly against them, he was
willing to believe the best. I do not think either the officers
or passengers were particularly well-pleased with his decision.
I afterwards heard Mr. Thudicumb tell the boatswain to keep
as bright a look-out as possible-on Ali and the other Lascars.
I doubt whether that fellow has got any gratitude in his
breast; and if he is determined to do mischief, he will bide
his time and do it, depend on that," he observed.
Ay, ay, Mr. Thudicumb, I have no doubt about it," ob-
served Tarbox. I only wish the captain would have kept
them in irons till we get to Singapore, and would then hand
them over to justice. That fellow Ali deserves hanging, to
my mind, as much as any pirate who has ever swung in
chains, or mutineer who has been run up to the yard-arm.
It was no fault of his that this fine ship and all on board were
not burned or sent to the bottom."
Ali perhaps knew that he was watched; at all events, his
whole conduct was changed. No man could behave more
respectfully to the officers, or could more carefully see that
those under him did their duty, while he himself worked
away as hard as any one. He seemed to bear no ill-will


against Tarbox or any of the other men, while he appeared
to have positively a kindly feeling towards Potto Jumbo, and
to be especially patronizing to Macco. Indeed, after this
everything went on smoothly and pleasantly among the men,
while perhaps the dangers they had gone through made the
passengers even more sociable and pleasant than before.


^ -weh sA

\) L~



AND was in sight, stretching out on either hand.
On the port side was the island of Sumatra; on
the starboard, the north end of Java. The Bus-
sorah Merchant, with a light wind, was standing
through the Straits of Sunda. Mr. Hooker walked
the deck, in spite of the heat, rubbing his hands
with pleasure. He was now approaching the region he had
long desired to examine; and he was pleasing himself with
the thoughts of the wonders of Nature which would be re-
vealed to his sight. Soon the straits were passed, and
numerous low-lying shores of various islands, large and small,
appeared in sight, covered with the richest vegetation, which
seemed to flourish under the fearful heat which oppressed the
spirits of us poor mortals who had come from so much cooler
a region. It had been hot when passing the tropics: it was
hotter still now; for no clouds overhead tempered the sun's
rays. The pitch, as before, in the sides and seams of the
deck, melted and oozed out. The tar dropped from the
rigging, and none of us willingly touched any piece of metal
for fear of burning our fingers. Merlin wisely kept in the
shade, and the young ladies followed his example. I, how-
ever, being now stationed in the mizzen-top, had to go aloft.



I could not help often wishing, as I looked down into the
clear sea, that I might take a leap overboard, and dive down
into the depths below.
SSingapore-that wonderful emporium of the commerce of

__----__ -__-7
--- -- ------. --- .=%
------ ~ --

---_ --- -


the East, established by the sagacious foresight of Sir Stam-
"ford Raffles-was now reached. It was the first time our
anchor had been dropped since we quitted the Thames. The


only land sighted till Sumatra and Java were seen, was the
small island of Tristan d'Acunha.
"You see, my boy, the result of a sound knowledge of
navigation," observed Mr. Hooker to me. But the captain
has to thank the astronomers, and the inventors and the
manufacturers of his instruments, or he could not have thus
easily found his way half round the world, as he has done.
You see we depend upon each other; and that is what I want
to impress upon you. You may not have much scientific
knowledge yourself, but if you have observation, you can
accurately note the various phenomena you meet with, and
give your descriptions to those who will make good use of
them. I had contemplated leaving the ship at Singapore;
but I have made up my mind to go with you to Japan, and
then to return- in her to one of the ports in these Eastern
islands which Captain Davenport purposes visiting."
I was very glad to hear of Mr. Hooker's determination, for
I should have been very sorry to have lost his society.
The town and island of Singapore exhibit a variety of
Eastern races and different religions and modes of life. The
ruling class are of course English, but the Chinese are the
most numerous, and among them are found many wealthy
merchants, most of the mechanics and labourers, and also agri-
culturalists. The sea-faring population are mostly Malays.
There are a good many Portuguese, who act as clerks and
shop-keepers. There are also Arabs and Klings of Western
India, who are Mohammedans. There are also Parsee merchants,
while the grooms and washermen are mostly Bengalees.
These, with numerous Javanese sailors, as well as traders from
Celebes, Bali, and numerous other islands of the East, make up
this curiously mixed population. Then in the harbour are
found men-of-war, merchant vessels of numerous European
nations, large numbers of Chinese junks and Malay praus, with


hundreds of little fishing and passenger boats. Chinese joss-
houses, Indian temples, Mohammedan mosques, rise up on either
side with Christian churches. The warehouses are substantial,
the residences of the Europeans large and commodious, con-
trasting with the long rows of queer little Malay and Chinese
cottages, among which are found Kling and Chinese bazaars,
where everything can be bought, from a reel of cotton to a
sword or razor. Numberless vendors of various articles throng
the streets with water, fruit, vegetables, soup, and a sort of
jelly made of sea-weed. Here a man comes running along with
a pole, having a cooking apparatus on one end and a table on
the other, from which he will immediately furnish a meal of
shell-fish, vegetables, and rice at a small cost.
The island of Singapore is covered with a number of small
hills, some nearly 400 feet high, covered to the summits with
forest trees. In these forests the Chinese settlers are employed
in cutting timber. Tigers are very numerous on the island, as
they have but a short distance to cross over from the Malay
peninsula, and frequently wood-cutters are carried away. by
I accompanied Mr. Hooker several times on shore. The
naturalist was delighted with the great variety of beetles and
other crawling creatures which he was able to collect. We
were struck by the enormous size of the trees and the variety
of large ferns, as well as the number of climbing ratan
palms. One day we were walking along, Mr. Hooker
being in advance, when I saw him suddenly sink into the
ground. I ran forward to help my friend, who fortunately
having a long pole in his hand, kept hold of it.
Quick, quick, Walter! he shouted. "Help me out or I
shall be impaled."
Not without difficulty I got hold of his hand, and by main
force dragged him up. When at length on firm ground, the


naturalist, after resting a moment, pulled away a quantity of
brushwood and disclosed a large pit. On looking into it we
found that it was formed with the top narrower than the bottom,
and in the centre was stuck a pointed stake. A person falling
in, had he escaped impalement, would have found it impossible,
unaided, to get out again.
This is a tiger-pit," exclaimed Mr. Hooker; and a very
effectual way of catching a tiger should one attempt to cross
it. I really believe that I have narrowly escaped a fearful
death; for see, had I gone through, I should very probably have
fallen on the stake."
After this, as we proceeded, we carefully avoided the spots
covered over by fallen brushwood, lest they should conceal pits
of a similar description. Still Mr. Hooker was too eager a
naturalist to give up his search, and, aided by me, quickly
filled his boxes and cases. Evening was coming on, and we
were thinking of returning, sorry to leave the cool shade of
the trees for the still hot, open ground, when we saw a creature
at no great distance moving through the jungle.
What can that be? I exclaimed.
A tiger, and it will be as well to put a bullet into my gun
in case he should think fit to follow us. I am told that seldom
a day passes that an unfortunate Chinaman is not carried away
by one of these beasts. I am afraid they are too wary, like rats
in England, to be caught in traps, or there would not be so
many of them in the island."
As we walked along I could not help looking over my
shoulder every now and then in expectation of seeing the tiger.
Mr. Hooker, too, kept his gun ready for use in case we were
pursued. We left the forest, however, and took our way over
the open, dry ground without again catching sight of the tiger.
We got back to Singapore and returned on board that night,
as the ship was to sail the following morning. Emily turned


pale when she heard the account I gave her of the tiger,
and all the party were greatly interested in hearing the account
of Mr Hooker's escape from the tiger-pit.
The ship's course was now directly through the China Sea
-a region in which every variety of weather is encountered,
from a dead calm to a furious typhoon. The northern end of
the Philippine Islands was sighted on the starboard hand, and
afterwards the Bashee Islands to the north of them.
"There is a large island lies away there on our right hand,
called Formosa," said the captain. "The inhabitants are
Chinese. They seem even more cruel and treacherous than
the rest of their countrymen. Not long ago two vessels were
wrecked, and their crews made prisoners. The natives marched
them off to their capital, somewhere in the middle of the island,
several days' journey from the coast, and there they kept them
prisoners for many months. Some were Englishmen, others
Lascars, to the number of forty or fifty. The lives of a few
were saved, but they cut off the heads of all the others, declar-
ing they were those of barbarians killed in warfare; and it is
said that the chief officers who commanded this massacre gained
great credit, and many rewards for their bravery. The others
were carried away to Nangking, and were there going to be
killed; but the English expedition came out, and were just in
time to save their lives.-I don't like the Chinese," continued
the captain. They are treacherous, conceited, inhospitable
to strangers, grossly superstitious, heartless, and cruel, though
perhaps they may not be said to be bloodthirsty. Their streets
are dirty in the extreme, and their houses are not much better.
However, it cannot be denied that they are very industrious
and persevering, and that a Chinaman will make a living where
a man of another nation will starve."
"Perhaps, when we come to know them better, we may find
"* The English have now a settlement in Formosa.


exceptions to this description," observed Mr. Hooker. Pro-
bably we shall discover noble and high-minded men, according
to the light that is in them, in China as elsewhere. I do not
know that all English towns are models of cleanliness; and
certainly, if left to the care of the ordinary inhabitants, many
would be found as bad as those in China."
At length the high land of the south end of Japan hove in
sight. As the ship stood on towards the harbour of Nagasaki,
we were all eagerly looking out on the beautiful scenery which
presented itself. In many parts the coast is bold, in other
places it rises from the beach in gentle hills covered with
apparently impenetrable forests. The narrow entrance to the
harbour now appeared, between lofty overhanging hills covered
with rich vegetation. As Captain Davenport had been there
before, and the wind was fair, we stood boldly on till a pilot
appeared, when sail was shortened to allow him to come on
board. On either side, wherever the ground would allow it,
the land seemed cultivated to the summit of the highest hills.
Here and there, however, the muzzles of guns were seen pro-
truding from amidst green shrubs and trees, ready to destroy
any unwelcome intruder.
As the ship advanced the harbour widened out. On one
side appeared the beautiful little island of Pappenberg, so
named by the Dutch, though the Japanese call it Tacabooco.
Its sides rise directly out of the water in lofty precipitous
cliffs, their summits crowned with dark luxuriant cedars. It
was to this island that a large number of the Japanese who
had been converted to Christianity by the celebrated Roman
Catholic missionary Xavier were carried when they refused to
abjure the religion they had adopted. Conducted up to the
summits of the cliffs, they were cast over the edge, bound
hand and foot, at low water, meeting certain death as they
reached the rocks below. Here the mangled remains lay till


the tide coming in carried them off to sea. In late years many
hundred Christians were treated in a similar manner in Mada-
gascar. We looked with sad interest at the spot, having just
before read an account of the massacre.
The ship continued her progress up the inlet or gulf, which
is four miles long, till at length she came to an anchor off the
town of Nagasaki. On either side were towering cliffs, pre-
cipitous peaks with green and shady groves below, amid which
appeared prettily-painted picturesque cottages, not altogether
unlike those of Switzerland. Many small bays were passed,
in which were moored little boats, kept scrupulously clean,
though unpainted. The sails consisted of three stripes of sail-
cloth or matting, united by a kind of lacework, thus forming
one whole sail for light winds. By unlacing one portion, the
sail can quickly be reduced in size. The boatmen, unlike the
natives of the places lately visited, were almost as fair as
Europeans. They wore, however, scarcely more clothing than
their brethren in more southern regions. A Japanese boat is
moved by a scull in the stern, with which she is steered when
under sail-no oars being used: the passengers always sit in
the fore part.
As soon as the ship dropped her anchor the Japanese officials
-came on board, one who spoke a little English acting as inter-
preter. They were dressed in long flowing robes confined at
the waist by a band wound round the body,'in which is
suspended a case containing a pipe, a tobacco-pouch, an ink-
horn, and a small brush used when they write. Over this is
worn a transparent dark coat with a white mark on the arms
and back. On grand occasions public officials wear a similar
dress of a light fawn or dove tint. A person of the rank of a
gentleman invariably wears two swords stuck in his girdle.
On sitting down he removes the longest, and places it against
some 'piece of furniture at his side; but he never parts with


the smaller one, which is kept sharp, and in readiness to kill
himself should any accusation of a crime, false or true, be
brought against him. The questions put to the captain
having been satisfactorily answered, we were informed that we
might discharge our cargo. The officers were then invited
down into the cabin to partake of cake and wine, which they
seemed greatly to enjoy. They then, bowing politely, took
their departure, leaving one of their number on board, who
was to remain while the ship was anchored in the harbour.
Mr. Hooker had a friend here, a merchant, who came on
board to see him. Emily and I were introduced; and he
invited us, and Grace also, to come and stay at his house with
Mr. Hooker, while the ship remained off the place. The
residence of the merchant was situated on a platform on the
side of a hill surrounded by trees, at a little distance from the
town. The house had broad verandahs, every door sliding
backwards and forwards in grooves, instead of opening and
shutting in the ordinary fashion. In the garden were quanti-
ties of lovely flowers, and it had a pond in the centre. The
pond was full of wonderfully large gold and silver fish, which
were always ready to exhibit their lovely tints when bits of
bread were thrown in to them. The girls especially were
delighted with the beauty of the wild flowers in the surround-
ing woods, many of them such as would be valued in a garden
in England. Surpassing all others, however, were the camelia-
trees, some fully thirty feet high, their lovely flowers shining
out amid their dark-green foliage. We were told that the
camelia is so called in honour of a Spanish Jesuit-Camel-
who brought it to Europe, where it is known as the Camelia
japonica. From one kind, the oleifera, a large amount of oil
is extracted, used in Japan for domestic purposes. The
beautiful lotus also is common; the Japanese using the root
when young for food. When thoroughly boiled, it is very



palatable. Mr. Hooker was well pleased with the cleanliness
of the streets; so superior in that respect to those of China

... ---___ ___ ___ ___


They are nearly all paved in the centre, which is slightly
raised, and have drains running down close to the houses on.
either side. Thus all impurities are carried away, and they soon
become dry, even after the heaviest shower of rain. Large
plantations of tea exist in the neighbourhood, the leaf being
prepared in the Chinese fashion. The trade in this article
alone has greatly increased since the ports of the country have
been opened. I give a drawing of a Chinese tea-plantation
which is very similar to those we saw in Japan. The house
seen in the sketch is the drying-house. The tea-plant is pro-
duced from seed which is dropped into holes, several together,
four inches deep and four feet apart, in Decenber. When the
rain comes on, the plants spring up and form bushes. In about


I'll- W 'Al

; ~lj





three years they yield their first crop of leaves. In about eight
years they are cut down, that fresh shoots may spring up.
The leaves are gathered singly with great care-in three
gatherings: the first, when they just open; the last, when
fully expanded. When gathered, they are first partially dried
in the sun, and then placed on flat iron pans above furnaces
in the drying-house. They require frequent shifting and
turning. When sufficiently dried, they are removed with a
shovel on to a mat or basket to cool, and then to a table to be
rolled. This process is repeated, and they are then sifted and
sorted. As far as we
could learn, both black
and green teas are the
produce of the same
plant, but prepared in a
somewhat different way. \
I was, of course, very
eager to learn all I could
about the country; but
there seemed so much
to learn, and so little
time to learn it in, that
I was frequently almost
in despair. The Japan-
ese, although idolaters,
and very unlike Euro-
peans, are evidently a
very civilized people.
They have had for cen-
tries their manners and
customs unchanged, and their ideas are peculiar, according to
our notions. Soon after we arrived, our new friend had to
pay a visit to the Governor of Nagasaki. The heat was great;
(267) 7

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