Ella's battles

Material Information

Ella's battles
Fudge, F. R.
American Baptist Publication Society ( Publisher )
Westcott & Thomson ( Stereotyper )
Van Ingen & Snyder ( Engraver )
Place of Publication:
American Baptist Publication Society
Westcott & Thomson, Stereotypers
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
272 p., [6] leaves of plates : ill. ; 18 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Christian life -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Missionaries -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Youth and death -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Mothers and daughters -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Juvenile fiction -- Singapore ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1871
novel ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )


General Note:
Added title page printed in colors.
General Note:
Illustrations engraved by Van Ingen-Synder.
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
Statement of Responsibility:
by Mrs. F.R. Fudge.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
026777682 ( ALEPH )
ALH0421 ( NOTIS )
58045152 ( OCLC )

Full Text

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, by theAMERICAN BAPTIST PUBLICATION SOCIETY,In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.S' A.WWWESTCOTT & THOMSON,Se. fb ...ATT

CONTENTS.CHAPTER I.PAGESINGAPORE....................... ........ ..... ....... ............. 7CHAPTER II.AN ORIENTAL ISLAND HOME................................... 18CHAPTER III.EARLY FAULTS AND THEIR REMEDY.......................... 28CHAPTER 'IV.WALKING IN JESUS' FOOTSTEPS................................. 37CHAPTER V.THE DRAWING CARDS AND ELLA'S DECISION.............. 52CHAPTER VI.THE PLANTATION.-ELLA'S NURSE..................... ..... 59CHAPTER VII.THE RESCUED VICTIM. ........*........** .......*... .oeo^.o oo oo B- 1oo-.Vo

4 CONTENTS.CHAPTER VIII.PAGEREMOVAL FROM SINGAPORE............. ..................*** 82CHAPTER IX.A NEW HOME AND ITS SURROUNDINGS..................**.. 89CHAPTER X.SAD SCENES IN INDIA............... ................ ....****..*** 97CHAPTER XI.A MOTHER'S LAST DAYS................. ....................... 109CHAPTER XII.THE VOYAGE TO ENGLAND....................1.............. 123CHAPTER XIII.S k"J''' JOURNEY INTO WALES....................... .... ...... 132/ CHAPTER XIV.NORA, THE WAYWARD CHILD.................................. 144CHAPTER XV.THE SHIPWRECKED FRIGATE .........*.... ..................... 155CHAPTER XVI.I ELLA' S-LLA'S N IN WALES......... .....*.........*......* 162CHAPTER XVII."WORLDLY AMUSEMENTS................. .e... ....... 1731

CONTENTS. 5CHAPTER XVIII.PAGBTHE VISIT TO SWANSEA.o........................................ 204CHAPTER XIX.THE BIBLE AND THE YOUNG PHYSICIAN.................... 215CHAPTER XX.THE PASTOR AND HIS WIFE.................................... 224CHAPTER XXI.ELLA IN THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL............................ 236CHAPTER XXII.LAST DAYS OF MISS NORA...................................... 245CHAPTER XXIII.AT SINGAPORE AGAIN ....................**... .-"-.,

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ELLA'S BATTLES.CHAPTER I.SINGAPORE.T the foot of the Malayan peninsula,twenty thousand miles beyond thewaters, lies that little ocean gem, thebeautiful island of Singapore. It takes itsname from the Malay words, sing gak, " torest at," and pora, a city," a name that issupposed to have been given it by the earlyMalayan settlers. The original country ofthe Malays is not certainly known; but stillexisting tradition-s, both at Celebes and Ma-lacca, are in favor ofSumatra, and the peopleof the last-named island confirm this opinion,and assign their origin to about the middle of.the twelfth century.,r, '**".

8 ELLA'S BATTLES.The story is that a celebrated chieftain ofCelebes went on an exploring and tradingvoyage to the islands lying to the westward,from which some of the natives had occasion-ally come to his shores. In the course of theexpedition he put into a river of Sumatra,where a considerable bmber of his peoplestealthily left him, ., passing into theinterior of the island, led th lit to un-known and uninhabited region of Mej an-ka-boo. Most of the deserters had been slaves,originally obtained from the Moluccas, andtheir'business was'to carry water for the fleet.Hence they were called Malays, from mala," "to bring," and ^ya, water." They obtain-"ed wives from the adjacent settlements afteri the departure of their former masters, and intime they became a numerous people; andrising to dominion, they4soon took possession,: of the whole island of Sumatra, whence they..:... .emigrated to the peninsula of Malacca andSthe neighboring islands.In confirmation of this theory, we find to thisS day a remarkable resemblance between the"Malays and the inhabitants of the Moluccas,

ELLA'S BATTLES. 9and the Malay language is spoken with greaterpurity by the latter than the former.The island of Singapore is twenty-sevenmiles long, and varies in width from threemiles to fifteen. The interior portion is divers-ified with richly-wooded hills, evergreendales, and low jungles; and wherever theland has been clearedhp for planting, the soilhas been found so fertile that the island isoften styled " the Garden of the East." Amongits indigenous products, yielded without laboror forethought, are pineapples, oranges, ba-nanas, mangoes, mangosteins, limps.emons,, ons,and indeed almost all the fruits of the tropics.The staple products of the island are rice,sugar, gambler, pepper, coffee, and spices,all of which are abundant and 0exdellentquality. Its flowers are of almost endlessvariety, of wondrous brilliance, and surpass-,ing fragrance, whilst the gorgeous, many-tinted beauties of its fields and gardens arebeyond the power of language to describe;but once seen, memory ever after revels in thejoyous vision as in the brightest dreams ofchildhood's happy days.' 1 "'

io ELLA'S BATTLES.Many of the hills are laid out in extensiveplantations of nutmeg and clove, coffee, pep-per, and gambler, and surrounded by these, orin the midst of shady groves of citron andorange, stand some of the finest residences onthe island. These residences are usuallybuilt in the style of ornamental cottages.They are always painted white and alwaysfresh and clean, as if completed yesterday,whilst the perennial foliage and sweet-scentedblossoms seem to enwrap these charming re-"treats like a mantle of green velvet powderedwith pearls.The climate of Singapore is mild and salu-brious compared with that of surroundingcountries, though its latitude is only Io 15'north. L1ng thus almost under the equator,we might naturally expect excessive evapora-tion and much unwholesome miasma, butS: the constant play of sea-breezes over the landseems to waft away all pestilential effluvia,.. and render this beautiful island not less theabode of health than of quiet and peacefulLuxury.. The island belongs to the English govern-- i

ELLA 'S BA TITLES. IIment, having been purchased from the Malayrajah by Sir Stamford Raffles, in 1819. Itis valuable to the English as a sort of half-wayplace where naval and merchant vessels run-ning between British India and China mayput in for wood and water, and to recruit in-valid sailors and soldiers; and, besides this,for its rich native products and as the depotfor an extensive trade with the surroundingcountry. A local governor, who holds histenure of office from the governor-general ofBritish India, resides here. He is always anEnglish gentleman of high rank, and main-tains a court quite equal to that of some ofthe petty sovereigns of Europe. There arealso several regiments of English soldiersstationed on the island, besides civilians, mer-chants, and others. Hence the tone of societyis mainly English, though somewhat modifiedby climate and the medley of nations herecongregated, forming sometimes a combina-tion of rather incongruous elements. Yousee on the one hand a battling for Europeanmanners and customs under the influence ofthe love of " home," which keeps ever alive in

12 ELLA'S BATTLES.the bosom of the wanderer, and on the otherthe love of ease and inertia that a warmclimate so readily engenders, leading to thegradual adoption of Oriental habits of luxuryand effeminacy. We find Eastern' etiquette,pomp, and parade combined with Westernactivity and fondness for excitement; Orientallavishness tempered by European prudence;and Asiatic magnificence of costume-design-"-ed for the display of the wealth of the owner-regulated by the Anglo-Saxon's genuine goodtaste and his higher appreciation of the trulybeautiful in nature and art. The rapidity withwhich fortunes are usually amassed in the EastIndies doubtless also exerts its influence; andthe splendid tables, costly equipages, and gor-geous style of living maintained by Europeanofficers and merchants throughout India, arescarcely surpassed by those of the nativeprinces, though the particular style of livingSis:of course regulated by the national usagesof their own country.From all the English cantonments a gunis fired at five o'clock, which within the tropicsis before Aurora's faintest dawn becomes visi-

ELLA'S BA TITLES. 13ble in the East, yet no one ever thinks ofsleeping again after " gun-fire." Ere the eyesare fairly opened, a servant brings in a cupof delicious Mocha, strong and clear, with acracker, informing you, at the same time, thatyour palanquin awaits your pleasure. Thefragrant beverage is swallowed, a sort ofloose undress, kept especially for this purposeand known as an " overall," is hastily donned,you jump into a light pony palanquin, andfor a couple of hours are whirled rapidly oversmooth roads, through spice plantations, far-reaching groves of citron, orange, and palm,amid beds of fragrant flowers bespangled withpearly drops of morning dew, whilst tropicalbirds carol sweetly their notes of welcomeand all nature is redolent with freshness andfragrance. In the East this early morningdrive is deemed absolutely essential to health,and the pure, fresh breeze seems to infuse newlife and vigor into systems relaxed by the in-tense heat of the previous day.About seven o'clock you return home, takea cold bath, and make your toilet for break-fast, which comes about half-past nine."2

14 *ELLA'S BATTLES.Usually every member of the family goes outfor this morning drive; during their absenceevery room in the house is thrown open bythe servants, cooled, and put in order by thetime the inmates return; every window anddoor has been carefully shut, to exclude thetoo ardent glances of that fierce tropical sun,and they are kept closed until after sunset,when all are again thrown open to the refresh-ing evening breeze. In south-eastern Asiathe nights are generally cool, so that byadmitting the night air and excluding thatof the day the houses are kept tolerablycomfortable, while without these precautionsthe heat would be almost overpowering toforeigners.After breakfast the business of the daybegins, merchants repair to their godownss"(stores), professional men to their offices orstudios, and the ladies to their drawing-rooms,carriages, or to whatever avocations occupytheir time."Tiffin," or lunch, consisting of tea, fruits,and, cakes, comes at half-past one, and thenfollows the invariable afternoon siesta, ren-

ELLA'S BATTLES. 15dered necessary by the early hour of rising.Nowhere in the East are foreigners to be"seen, either for business or pleasure, betweenthe hours of two and four in the afternoon,and, the custom being universal, you feelperfectly secure from interruption and atliberty to enjoy the full benefit of being endeshabille during the two most oppressivehours of the day, even if you do not care tosleep.At four another cold bath is taken and acomplete toilet made for the evening, wherebyyou are thoroughly refreshed to enter uponits duties or enjoy its pleasures. At five theafternoon drive occurs. Everybody goes outin full dress, in buggy or palanquin, and anhour or more is spent very pleasantly, halfthe time in a rapid drive over some of thepublic roads, and the remainder in.slowlywalking the horses up and down the esplanadeor beach. One thus enjoys the pleasure ofseeing and being seen, has an occasionalchit-chat with his friends, -and gets home alittle after six prepared to do full justice to thevaried delicacies of an Oriental dinner. This

16 ELLA'S the principal meal of the day. Taken lateand leisurely on account of the intense heatof the climate, and occupying, as it often does,an hour or two, it is made not less an in-tellectual and social banquet than the meansof administering to the necessities of the outerman. Immediately after dinner strong coffee,served in tiny porcelain cups, is passed round,and with a few sips of this fragrant beverageends the eating and drinking of the day.The hours till midnight are spent socially, inpaying or receiving visits, in conversation,music, or study, regulated by the special tastesof each, but never in business. At twelve,after another cold bath, all resign themselvesagain to sleep till morning " gun-fire." Suchis the general routine of daily life among thewealthy European residents of Singapore,though differing very widely in almost everyparticular from the habits of the missionaries,whether English or American. Merchants andoif'ers go there to amass fortunes; the"-missionaries, to plant the standard of thecross and proclaim the glad tidings of salva-tion through Christ the Lord. It is not to

ELLA'S BATTLES. 17dwell in gilded halls or to fare sumptuouslyevery day, but to deny themselves daily, tobear the cross they hold up to others, and tostrive to gather gems for the crown of theirRedeemer's rejoicing for ever and ever.2* B.**<A

CHAPTER II.AN ORIENTAL ISLAND HOME.HE town of Singapore is beautifullysituated on an alluvial plain, at thewestern angle of a spacious bay,upon the south-west end of the, island. Inthe foreground of the picture stand thecourt-house, the Raffles Institute, or Anglo-Chinese College, and an Episcopal church.In the rear is the " Government Hill," withits flag-staff and the residences of the gov-ernor and recorder; and on one or two longstreets between are the dwellings of most ofthe European residents, the English andAmerican mission-houses and churches, andthe various school and printing establish-ments of the settlement. At the extremeea arn angle of the city is a Malay bazaaran settlement of Bugis huts, built of18

ELLA'S BATTLES. 19bamboo on lofty piles, standing for the mostpart in stagnant water. The western sectionof the town, bearing the appellation of " Com-mercial Square," is occupied by the stores, or'" godowns"-an 'English corruption of theMalay word godang, which means store-of the British, Portuguese, and Parsee mer-chants; whilst higher up, a little to the north-west of Commercial Square, is the quarterknown as " Campong China," where are tobe found most of the Chinese stores and dwell-ings of the settlement. As nearly all of thebusiness of the city is transacted in the com-mercial section, there is little noise or bustleelsewhere; and this gives to the remainingportions of the European quarter the quietrural aspect of an English country town ofwealth and refinement. Most of the housesare large and airy, built in the Calcutta style,with lofty colonnades in front and spaciousverandahs with Venetian blinds on all sides,every door and window ornamented withflowering shrubs and singing birds, whilespacious court-yards of trees and elegantshrubbery surround the whole. Every ap-

20 ELLA'S BATTLES.'pointment evinces not only wealth and luxury,but refined taste and an elegant adaptation tothis tropical clime, where constant care isneeded for the preservation of health, andeach day's life is a battling against disease anda desperate effort to rob Death of the victimshe is ever on the alert to claim from the ranksof unacclimated foreigners.In one of the most beautiful of the dwell-ings just described lived, many years ago,General Thomas St. Clair, a pious Britishofficer who was stationed with his commandat Singapore. As he was engaged in someimportant negotiations for his government thatmight detain him for years on the island, hiswife, a truly estimable Christian lady, accom-panied him from England to their far-off East-ern home; and here, on this beautiful greenisle, cradled by the swelling sea, little Ella,their only child, was born.Gen. St. Clair was a person of no ordinarycharacter. Converted to God in early man-hood, he had sought thenceforward, in all theacts of his daily life, to live as a follower ofChrist. Though engaged in a profession in

ELLA 'S BATTLES. 21which it is perhaps of all others most diffi-cult to lead a consistent Christian life, thosewho saw this pious officer on the field and inthe camp testified to the genuineness of hispiety and the earnestness of his efforts, es-pecially among his own soldiers, to lead allwhom he might influence to know and obeythe Saviour whom he loved.Mrs. St. Clair was a model of gentle,womanly virtues whom to know was to love.Her Christian character was one of rare sym-metry rather than of striking traits-a beautiful,well-balanced .whole, in which there seemed 9'nothing wanting, yet nothing striking or ob-trusive, nothing in excess. To beauty of per-son, grace of manners, gentleness of heart,and a refined and cultivated mind, she addedthose true Christian virtues which dignify andennoble the name of woman. Little Ella,their " only and beautiful," was a gentle,golden-haired little fairy, with smiles, curls,and dimples in endless profusion-the brightsynonym of health and happiness and a verysunbeam in the home of her parents. Theywere a lovely and loving family group-the

22 ELLA'S BA TITLES.noble Christian parents in the fresh morningof life and mental vigor, consecrating time,talents, influence, and property to the serviceof God; and their sweet child, with her sunnysmiles, musical voice, and winsome loveliness,taught with the first dawn of intellect to foldher little hands in prayer and lisp "OurFather." This beautiful Christian home in aheathen land, shedding its halo of true pietyover the surrounding darkness of pagan super-stition and wretchedness, was a picture thatmade one's heart glad, and led one to thankGod that all of peace and purity and pietyhad not forsaken our sin-stricken earth. Hereit was that little Ella first saw the light, andhere, under the sheltering care of her excel-lent parents, were passed the tender years ofher childhood and youth.She was the child of many prayers; havingbeen given at her very birth, as Hannah gaveSamuel, in loving consecration to the Lord,these pious parents held her as a solemn trustfrom him. It was their single purpose totrain her in the nurture and admonition of theLord, and so to care for her physical, mental,

ELLA'S BATTLES. 23and moral training as best to prepare her forthe Master's service, here and hereafter. Theywere fully aware that they could but sow theseed, and watch, and water it by prayer andfaith, but they had strong confidence in thepromised blessing of him who says to everyparent, in the bestowal of these sweet gifts oflove, " Take this child, nurse it for me, and Iwill give thee thy wages." Nor were theirexpectations disappointed: from a child, likeTimothy, little Ella knew the Scriptures, andby them, through faith in Christ, was madewise unto salvation. From a child she seem-ed to love Jesus and strive to please him;and she grew up with a character so full ofthe fruits of grace that those about her be-lieved that God had set the seal of his adoptionupon her, even from her early childhood.The health of Mrs. St. Clair, always ratherdelicate, had become much more so since herresidence in a warm climate; and when littleElla was five years old, the care she found itnecessary to bestow on the mental and moral"training of her child often so taxed herstrength that their family physipi jan rged

24 ELLA'S BATTLES.the necessity of placing the little girl underthe care of a governess, or of sending her atonce to England, that the mother might beentirely relieved of these demands on herstrength.But such views did not at all accord withMrs. St. Clair's exalted ideas of a mother'sduties and responsibilities. Never would shewillingly consign the helpless infancy of herchild to the tender mercies of a hireling, andstill less would she delegate to another thesolemn duties of maternity when the expand-ing intellect and ripening faculties of herdaughter should render the office one of stillgreater responsibility. A scene which shehad witnessed in the family of one of theforeign residents had made a deep impressionon her mind. An only child, a girl ofabout twelve years, was left very much in thecharge of her parents' native servants. Onone occasion Mrs. St. Clair had seen her ina contest with one of the men servants whowas endeavoring to put her out of the gardenwhere she had been walking with her ayah,and had been doing some injury to his plants,

ELLA'S BATTLES. 25either from design or from carelessness. Thegirl and her ayah were both very muchenraged, and Mrs. St., Clair shuddered asshe saw the effect of such neglect of the childon the part of her parents. She could notthink of leaving a child of hers to such care.Now she carefully weighed this importantsubject, and then laid all the burden of heranxieties at the feet of Jesus, praying forgrace and wisdom that she might be able toglorify her heavenly Father in all her plansfor the well-being of her darling child. Suchdomestic duties as could be delegated to ser-vants she cheerfully gave up, even where itdemanded some sacrifice of elegance abouther mansion. Little matters of tasteful adorn-ment that had hitherto been her own specialcare were resigned to others; she contractedher visiting list, and as far as the position ofher husband would allow withdrew from thelarger companies in which she had beenaccustomed to mingle, except where Chris-tian courtesy and kindness rendered herpresence necessary. She thus not onlysecured time and. strength for her maternal3

26 ELLA'S BATTLES.duties, but felt assured that she was reallyliving more as became one of the Lord'sfollowers, and enjoyed, too, more of the joyand comfort of his daily presence.Mrs. St. Clair was still able to receive andpay many visits of courtesy and friendship.She was always ready to attend the sick, thedestitute, and the suffering, and cordially tolend her influence, her efforts, and herprayers to aid in every good word andwork. In all her various offices of lovelittle Ella was her constant companion, andthese lessons of charity were among the mosteffective of the blessed influences her excellentmother was wielding for her good. Falling,as they did, on life's young spring-time, whenthe plastic mind and heart are most susceptible,they left their benign impress on all the futurecharacter.. -In her efforts to do good, of whatever sort,: Mrs. St. Clair found her most efficient helperin her noble husband. For though his pro-fessional duties absorbed most of his time,and he was able to devote comparatively few, hours to direct efforts for the spread of the,IM

ELLA'S BATTLES. 27gospel, he was more than willing to lend hisinfluence, his money, his counsels, and hisprayers to aid the beloved companion, whowas a thousand times more dear that she wasthe earnest, consistent, true-hearted Christian,as well as the loving wife and devoted mother.His purse was always open to the calls shemade upon it, his influence was never want-ing where it might accomplish anything fortheir common Lord, and his sympathy was afountain ever open yet never exhausted. So,in seeking the welfare of their sweet childfor time and for eternity, these godly parentswere always of one mind and one heart, eachaiding, the other by unity of purpose andprayer, and both rejoicing inthe same blessedreward.. *tJ

,CHAPTER III.EARLY FAULTS AND THEIR REMEDY.EHEN Ella's lessons had been welllearned, or when she had been morethan usually gentle and obedient, thereward bestowed by these judicious parentswas not some selfish indulgence, not anarticle of personal adornment, or some choicedainty whereby parents so often thought-lessly implant or foster in their offspring aninordinate love of display or an overfondnessfor mere animal indulgences, but she waspermitted to present a dish of choice fruit tosome fevered sufferer, to make some littlearticle of clothing for a needy child, or carrysome delicacy to add to the comfort oralleviate the sufferings, of the sick or agedpensioners on the bounty of her parents.She was thus taught to regard being useful28

ELLA'S BATTLES. 29as a privilege instead of a task, and beingpermitted to add to the happiness of othersas the highest earthly reward to which shemight aspire.Being the only child of highly intelligentand pious parents, Ella was reared in the en-joyment of unusual advantages, and herearly promise well repaid the patient watch-fulness and affectionate care so untiringlylavished upon her. In the genial atmosphereof her parents' Christian home the fruits of theSpirit were beautifully developed in her life,and by daily exercise acquired a vigorousgrowth, so that as she grew in strength andbeauty she "grew in wisdom and in favorwith God and man."Yet Ella had faults to be corrected and evilpropensities to be battled with, and these re-quired watchful care both on her own partand on that of her parents. One of the worstof these faults was a restless, eager impatience,under the influence of which she often utteredwords and committed acts that, when reflec-tion came, filled her with shame and sorrow.From being the only child, she naturally en-3*

30 ELLA'S BATTLES.grossed all the childish attentions and priv-ileges of the house, and was thus in dangerof becoming selfish and exacting. Then, fromthe high position occupied by her parents,they were surrounded by many subordinates,whose cringing servility was calculated tofoster an undue sense of superiority. Thuslittle Ella, but for her mother's example andpatient watchfulness, coupled with her ownhabits of candor and truthfulness, would havealmost inevitably become proud and imperi-ous.During her very early childhood, when oneof the numerous servants of her father's largeestablishment ventured, in the absence of herparents, to oppose the little girl's wishes, shepassionately resented the interference, andstamping her little foot with the haughty air of aminiature princess, indignantly inquired if heforgot to whom he was speaking. This ratheramused than offended the faithful servant,who, in common with all his associates, waswarmly attached to his employers, and hewould never have dreamed of reporting any-thing calculated to bring their little favorite

ELLA'S BATTLES. 3into disgrace. But Ella had been accustomedto communicate freely to her mother all herthoughts, and before retiring to rest it washer constant habit to confess to her whatevershe had done amiss during the day. Thentogether they would bow humbly down beforethe mercy-seat, asking pardon for the pastand grace to help for the time to come. Itwas thus that the mother learned from thecandid, truthful lips of her child of many animpatient word or wrong act of which shewould otherwise have remained entirely igno-rant. Thus she was able to counsel, admon-ish, instruct, or encourage, as circumstancesseemed to demand; and by the divine bless-ing on this judicious training, Ella's faultswere easily corrected ere they had gainedstrength by frequent indulgence, and shebecame daily more and more a comfort to"her parents and a joy and blessing to allaround.'Little Ella, as before observed, had veryearly given evidence of love to Jesus, andshe exhibited a uniform desire to please andobey him in all things.

32 ELLA'S BATTLES.At what particular period of her life shewas by the regenerating influences of God'sSpirit born again she was ever able to tell,but she knew that she loved the dear Saviourwho die4 for her, and, as she often said,that he had taken her to be one of his littlelambs, and would fold her in his arms and"carry her in his bosom till he brought her tothe sweet pastures of everlasting rest.When about ten years of age, she one daysaid to her mother: "Dear mamma, am I tooyoung to obey the commands of the lovingSaviour? When he was on earth he took thelittle ones in his arms and blessed them.Doesn't he love them still? And isn't he justas willing as ever to take them into his fold?I do love him, and I want to do all that he hascommanded, and to let everybody know thatI am his little child. May I not be baptizedand joined with those that bear his name? Ihave been thinking of this ever since battleMary ilton died. A great many timlIv v tought I would ask you about it, bttwhenever I have been ready to do so thoughtsof my own ignorance and sinfulness would so

ELLA'S BA TITLES. 33come over me that I have been ashamed andafraid to venture. I do not know whether thechurch will allow such a little girl as I am tobe baptized. But this morning, when youwere telling the girls in our class that theywere all sinners, and could be saved only bycoming to Jesus and believing in him, Ithought, H6w strange, when the way of salva-tion is so plain, that all will not walk in it! andI said so to Annie Norwood after Sunday-school was over. She answered that she didnot think the way so very plain, for she foundmany things in the Bible hard to understand.Then I took up my little Testament, and open-ed to the words of Jesus: 'He that believethand is baptized shall be saved;' and I told Pher that I supposed Jesus meant what he saidwhen lie spoke those few simple words, whichall, however young and ignorant, could under-stand. Then, while I was sp a king to her,the question came up in my mind So plainlythal I almost thought some one had spoken itto me: 'Have you obeyed these commandsyourself?' Tell me, dear mamma: ought Ito be baptized now, while I am a little child,G

34 E ALA 'SoBA TTLES.and to eat of that holy supper, as he tells allthose that love him to do?""The Bible,, my dear child," said Mrs. St.Clair, "answers this question so plainly thatno other reply is needed. Philip said to theeunuch, 'If thou believes with all thine heartthou mayest;' and throughout the New Testa-ment faith and baptism are so united that we-may not separate them. The question is notas to your age, but as to the genuineness ofyour faith. Some of the most useful Chris-tians I have ever known were converted at avery tender age; some I have heard of wereso young that they could not look back to anyperiod when they did not trust in Jesus andlove him. Do you, my dear child, believe inhim? If so, you are not too young to confesshis name and publicly to dedicate your life tohis service."" If," said Ella, "believing in Jesus meansto feel that I am a sinner and need his pre-cious blood to wash away my sins, to placemy whole hope of pardon and salvation inwhat he has done and suffered, and so tolove him as to choose rather to die than sin

ELLA'S Bd TITLES. 35against him,-then, dear mamma, I do believein him. Is that what is meant by being atrue Christian ?"" To be a Christian, my child, is to hatesin, to confess it, and turn from it; to trust inJesus for the forgiveness of sin, and to desireto honor and obey him and be evermore trueto him, and this a child can do as easily as agrown person. It is, in a word, to feel andact toward Jesus just as you feel and acttoward your parents, You love us, and haveconfidence in our love for you; you believewhatever we tell you, and would do sothough all the world should tell you to thecontrary You have no anxious fears for thefuture, because you know that your parentslove you and will provide for you; and soyou live on from day to day with a joyous,untroubled heart because you are our ownlittle daughter and have confidence in ourlove for you. It grieves you to disobey yourparents, not from the fear of punishment, butbecause you love them and are sorry to givethem pain; and just in proportion as you loveJesus will be your careful avoidance of all

36 ELLA 'S. BA TITLES.that shall grieve his spirit or bring reproachon his name."" Oh, dear mamma," said Ella, "if I thoughtI should ever thus grieve or dishonor the dear,loving Saviour, I think I would rather diethis moment.""He does not call upon you to do either,my dear child," said Mrs. St. Clair. "Yourduty is not to die, but to live to his honor aslong as he may appoint; and he invites us tocome to him, 'in every time of need,' forgrace, for wisdom, for help, assuring us thatie is more ready to give his Holy Spirit tothose that ask him than is an earthly parentto give food to his hungry child."V $

CHAPTER IV."WALKING IN JESUS' FOOTSTEPS.FOT long after the above conversation,on her own simple, childlike confes-sion of faith in Christ little Ella wasreadily received by the church to which herparents belonged, and was baptized by themissionary who for the time filled the officeof pastor to this little "church in the wilder-ness." There had been very few baptismsadministered in that region, and the natives:generally are very curious about any foreignceremony; hence a large concourse of people .assembled to witness the solemn rite, somehaving traveled many miles to see this youth-ful disciple thus publicly dedicate herself to theservice of God. There were the Christianand the idolater, the high and the lowly, allintent on this new, strange scene before them.4 37*-*';*''

38 ELLA'S BATTLES.The youthful candidate for God's holyordinance approaches the baptismal waterssupported on either side by the Christianparents whose lives and teachings have, withGod's blessing, been the means of preparingher for the solemn ordinance to which she isabout to submit. She is robed in white, herhead uncovered save by the glossy ringlets thatshade the brow. The form is slight and theface one of childlike sweetness, yet there isdecision in the firm, unfaltering step; thereis the unmistakable impress of thought andfeeling on the brow; there is the holy resolvein the gently-compressed lip, and a morethan earthly light beams from the clear eye.There is a gentleness and modesty in everymovement, but naught of fear or shrinking inthe placid sweetness of the countenance orthe calm self-possession with which she ap-proaches that liquid grave, emblem to her* of a death unto sin and resurrection untolife. But hark! there is a pause: she hasreached the water's edge, and stands motion-less upon its brink; the man of God lays his': hands upon the youthful head, bowed rev-

ELLA'S BATTLES. 39erentially before him, his own white lockslifted by the passing breeze, and the agedlips compressed with emotion. Instinctivelyevery head is bowed, every sound is hush-ed, breathing seems almost suspended: evenidolaters cannot witness unmoved a scene likethis. The minister breaks the silence, liftingheavenward his eyes, filled with tears of joy,and the voice is at first tremulous withemotion. But as that pious heart rises inhigher and yet higher devotion, clearer andmore sweet become the silvery tones as withholy boldness he speaks to the " Hearer andAnswerer of prayer." He'offers praise toGod "for his unspeakable gift," his well-beloved Son, and for the renewing gracethat has made this young disciple an heirof his kingdom and glory. He prays thatshe may indeed be a polished stone in' thatliving temple, that she may be enabled towithstand temptation and grow daily ingrace and in the knowledge of God, thatshe may be the honored instrument of turn-ing many to righteousness; and, finally, that,upheld by him who alone is able to keep her

40 ELLA'S BA TITLES.from falling, she may be faithful unto deathand receive the crown of life. He prays, too,for that vast assembly, that they may hearand know the gospel's joyful sound; that thesolemn scenes of this day may be impressedupon every mind; that the blessed Spirit maymove upon every heart to believe, turn, andlive; and that when Jesus shall come to makeup his jewels every one of this vast concoursemay be found on the Lord's side, ready tobe numbered among his saints in glory ever-lasting. A hymn was then sung in the Malaylanguage, that all present might be able tounderstand the sentiment, and all who choseto do so might unite in the singing. A briefexposition was then given of the way ofsalvation through Christ and an earnestappeal made to all present to seek an interestat once in his precious blood.At the conclusion of these exercises theyoung disciple was led down into the gently-flowing stream, and in obedience to the com-mands of the great Head of the Church wassolemnly baptized in the name of the Father,the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Still standing

ELLA'S BATTLES. 41in the water, the man of God pronounced thebenediction, and that vast assembly were dis-missed to their homes. As they separatedfew words were spoken, scarcely a salutationexchanged: all seemed too deeply impressedwith the solemnity of the occasion; and this,the first baptism that many of them had everwitnessed, was not without its beneficial results.Several of that assembly mentioned, in afteryears, this scene as the means blessed of Godin convincing them of the-divine origin of theChristian religion. Truly, in keeping God'scommands there is great reward.My young readers must not suppose that,because Ella had put her trust in Jesus andset out to follow him, she had reached at oncethe full maturity of Christian character. Herlife, like that of all who have enlisted in theRedeemer's service, was a conflict. She hadput on the armor, but the battles were yet tobe fought and the victory won. Ella was yetonly a child-an earnest, Christian child, in-deed, striving to do right, but imperfect still,and having within an old nature that some-times led her to do and say what gave great4*

42 ELLA'S BATTLES.pain to herself and others, and caused her tosorrow before the dear Saviour whom shetruly loved and honored despite these ebulli-tions of an imperfect nature.The general tenor of her daily life was, abeautiful illustration of the power of true pietyin correcting child-faults, inculcating child-virtues. This piety renders its possessor notless a true, joyous, sprightly child, butcouples with the natural characteristics ofchildhood a simple, earnest, practical faith inGod, that realizes his constant presence andhis unwavering love, believes all he says, andtrusts \,here it can neither see nor understand.This it was which rendered little Ella so trulyhappy in herself and the promoter of happi-ness to all around. Yet there were timeswhen the old nature struggled to overcomethe new, and when this Christian child wasthrown off her guard, and was surprised intoa sin which in more guarded moments shewould have avoided. Then again she wasmisled by specious appearances, or the temp-tation was more than ordinarily strong, andshe found it difficult to do right. But still she

ELLA'S BATTLES. 43struggled onward, repenting earnestly andconfessing the sin when a false step had beentaken, and striving, whenever she had yieldedto a temptation once, to watch the weak pointmore faithfully ever after and pray for specialgrace that she might not fail again when hertrial came.On one occasion she was invited to an evening party given in commemoration of thebirth-day of Carrie Weston, one of her youngassociates. Carrie being the only daughterof wealthy and fashionable parents, most ofher little guests belonged to the same class,and they came to this grand gala deed intasteful and very costly attire. Many of themseemed unduly elated at the gayety of theirapparel and the costly ornaments with whichtheir little persons were adorned, and alto-gether urfmindful of that better adornment ofwhich God's word speaks so highly, " even theornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which inthe sight of God is of great price."First they had some music, and the littlegirls stood around the piano and sang to-gether; then various plays were introduced,

44 ELLA'S BATTLES.and the children seemed to enjoy themselvesvery much, all except one who sat in acorner by herself and seemed almost forgottenby the others. This was little Annie Hill,whose father, a good missionary, was dead,and whose mother was not able to afford anyuseless expenditures for herself or her chil-dren. So little Annie was dressed on this oc-casion very plainly, in a simple white frock,without jewelry or external ornament of anykind. Yet this unassuming little girl worean ornament that the wealth of worlds couldnot buc, and which rendered her more trulyhappy Wan the possession of all the costlygems that adorn a monarch's crown. Anniewas a true Christian, and her meek and gen-tle spirit was an ornament that would neverbecome dimmed by age, but would growbrighter and more beautiful througli all eter-nity. Those who knew Annie could nothelp loving and admiring her for her amiabletemper and sweet winning manners; yet nbw bshe sat in that gay group neglected andalmost forgotten, because each of these littlegirls feared the ridicule of her associates if,

ELLA'S BA TITLES. 45she should select for her partner in the playsa child who wore "only a cheap muslin, with-out even a sash."Ella saw this, and her genuine kindness ofdisposition would have led her to bring AnnieHill into notice. Besides, she really admiredAnnie's modesty and refinement, and fineclothes possessed so little value in her estima-tion that she would probably not have noticedthis little girl's dress at all but for the unkindremarks that were made about it in her pres-ence. These ought to have led her to takelittle Annie's part, and to treat her wij themore kindness, but when she was a-out tocall Annie to her side, Emma Williams madesome jeering remark, and Ella had not thecourage to do what her conscience told herwas right; she merely laughed, and turnedaway without making any farther effort topromote the comfort of one she really loved,and whose happiness she ought to have caredfor as one of the lambs of the Saviour's flock.It seemed to Ella, under the excitement of themoment, a very little thing, but subsequentreflection showed her that she had sinned not

46 ELLA'S BATTLES.only by unkindness to an associate; but alsoby forgetting the words of the Saviour: "Anew commandment give I unto you, that yelove one another; as I have loved you, that yealso love one another." "Alas, alas !" thoughtElla, when reflection came; "was this the sortof love that brought Jesus from heaven, andthat he has been showing me all my life long?What if he should treat me as I have beentreating one who bears his dear name? Andwhat an example I have been setting thosewho do not profess to love or obey him!Wh(ein has my conduct been better thantheirs ?"But, as is often the case, these thoughts didnot come till the time for acting upon themwas past-until, by the action of another,Annie was relieved from the unpleasantnessof her situation. After the amusements hadgone on for a while, it so happened that someplay was introduced in which another wasrequired to make up the requisite number ofpersons in the ring, and Carrie Weston, look-ing around, said, "Oh, there is Annie Hill. Idare say she will play if some one will go and

.. l/x Ella's Battles.PAGE 47.I' .4 iVpV'

ELLA'S BATTLES. 47fetch her." No one offered to go, however,and Annie, though she heard the remark, satstill, divided in her mind between the realwish to .oblige and her timid fears of beingobtrusive. Just at this moment Mrs. Weston"entered the room to see that all hei littleguests were comfortably provided f6r, and' &.she noticed Annie sitting, as she had beenmost of the evening near the window, alone.Mrs. Weston kindly inquired whether an-"jthing had disturbed her that she was nqt,among the players, at the same time of g.her hand to conduct the little girl to tlhirdlein the centre of the room. Without one word:of complaint against the companions who hadthus neglected and even forgotten her till shewas needed for their own enjoyment, Annieanswered that she liked very ,well to sitstill sometimes and see others play, but thatshe believed she was wanted now to completea set, and so, if Mrs: .Weston plead, shewould join her companions.Annie had several times during the even-ing heard whispered remarks about her dress,and she had just seen that, whilst the girls

48 ELLA'S BATTLES.had wanted lher to assist in making up theirgame, each was unwilling to be the first tonotice her. So, with the amiable desire ofsaving them from farther embarrassment, sherose when Mrs. Weston spoke to her andmoved toward her companions. This kindconsideration was the seyerest reproof shecould have uttered against their unfeelincrneglect; they seeme. Iheiartily ashamed oftheir foolish vanity, crowded eagerly aroundAnnie, and for the rest of the evening viedwith each other in trying to promote herhappiness. Thus this little girl's gentle, for-giving spirit proved the most effectual antidoteto the vanity and selfishness of her com-panions, whilst it brought its. own rewardin "the answer of a good conscience," andin the increased respect and affection of herassociates.Ella saw, in this noble example, an ad-ditional reproof to- her own sinful regard tothe opinions of others, and she tried to showto Annie, as well as to the others, her sincereregret for her fault. She took a very affec-tionate leave of Annie, and told the little girl

ELLA'S BA TTLES. 49that she should be glad to see her soon at herfather's house. When she reached home con-science had had time to work, and throwingherself into her mother's arms, she confessedher sin, and, bursting into tears, said:" Oh, mamma, how'shall I ever learn to beon my guard abroad as well as at home?Sitting by your side at home I should neverhave acted as I did this evening, but when incompany I seem to forget the resolutions Ihave formed in secret. Without your pres-ence to sustain me I am always doing thevery things I should condemn in another.""It is not my presence, my darling, thatcan keep you from going" astray. .That you.cannot always have, and if you could, I couldnot keep your heart from sinning, though myinfluence might be sufficient to guide youroutward actions. It is the presence of Jesusthat you need, and his presence you mayalways have. I remember some time sincereading an incident in the life of Chrysostom--'The Golden Mouthed,' as he was styledfrom his great eloquence. He relates the in-cident himself, and says he was very much5 D

50 ELLA 'S BATTLES.affected by it, not only at the time of itstoccurrence, but ever afterward : no doubtit exerted a powerful influence upon hischaracter and his preaching. He says thatwhilst engaged in preparing a sermon hefell into a reverie, and seemed to himselfto be in the pulpit. All around the railingthat enclosed the communion table clustereda band of angels listening to the words thatfell ftom the preacher's lips, and, more thanall, Jesus seemed to be there, and the ministerwas offering to his auditors a present salva-tion in behalf of a present Saviour. Howpleasant and how salutary it would be if wewere thus always to recognize the presence,real as it is, of the loving Redeemer, with allhis yearning love, his ever-wakeful interest inour welfare! Did we think of him thus, aswatching our progress in the divine life,mourning when we go astray, weeping overour neglect of duty, shedding tears of com-passion when we stumble or fall, and longing-oh, so yearningly !-to bring us back tohimself, could we so often wander from himor neglect the requirements of his love?

ELLA'S BATTLES. 5 I" Set this loving Saviour thus always beforeyou, my .child, and try so to mould, everythought and feeling, word and act, as youwould strive to do were he visibly beforeyou in his bodily presence. Keep him everin your heart, and he will surely rule in. yourlife; love him supriOnly, and it will Be easyto love your fellow-creatures; seek from himthe strength you so much need to battle againstthe evil of your own heart, as well as thetemptations of the world and the assaultsof the evil one, and you will not seek invain. He has promised grace for everyemergency, but you must seek it humbly,earnestly, and with your whole heart. Thusonly can you overcome at last."

CHAPTER V.the duty of praying not only for thesalvation of those about her, but for the ad-vancement of Christ's. kingdom over thewhole earth.. So early and successfully hadthis idea been inculcated that when Ella kneltto pray for herself others also generally sharedin her petitions. Living, as she did, in themidst of idolaters, the guilt and degradationand wretchedness of the heathen was not amere vague idea; it was something painfullyreal; and her young heart was often melted topity as she saw them bowing down to idols ofwood and stone, and remembered the doompronounced against those that forget Godand worship the work of their own hands.52

ELLA'S BATTLES. 53Often when quite a little child had she tear-fully prayed at her mother's knee that Godwould "help the poor heathen people tothrow away their idols and worship himalone." As she grew older, the words, " Thykingdom come," so often thoughtlessly re-peated both by children and adults with littleidea of their real import, had, to her mind, adepth of meaning scarcely to be conceivedof but by those who have seen the kingdomsof this world given up to the dominion ofSatan. Often had she accompanied herparents into hovels of wretchedness, whitherthey went to distribute Christian books andtracts, and with all a loving, tender-heartedchild's interest had listened as they read theScriptures and tried to persuade some pooridolater to turn away from his idols and servethe living and true God. By her own wishmost of her little pocket-money was devotedto the purchase of Bibles and tracts for theignorant people around her; and sp deep wasthe interest she felt in their instruction andconversion that ordinarily the money thusspent afforded her far more gratification.5*

54 ELLA'S BATTLES.than any mere personal indulgence could havedone.But on one occasion, when returning from avisit, she saw displayed in the window of abook store a beautiful book of plates fordrawing. Now, drawing was Ella's specialdelight. She had a fine natural taste for thisbeautiful art, and great pains had been takento cultivate and develop her talents, so thatshe copied quite skillfully both from natureand from the works of artists. But all hermodels had been copied repeatedly, and nowthe sight of this folio of new sketches soperfectly fascinated her that she thought onlyof obtaining it, and other considerations were,for the time, forgotten. For some time shehad been saving up her money with the inten-tion, as soon as it amounted to ten dollars, ofgiving it to one of the mission schools for ahalf-year's education of a heathen child.That very morning the desired object had beenattained, and all her small coins exchangedfor a bright gold piece, ready to be handedover the next time she went with her motherto visit the school. But now, as she gazed

ELLA'S BATTLES.. 55admiringly at the book of drawings, the poorheathen children ceased to excite any interestin her mind, and she determined to devote thegold piece to the purchase of the book, theprice of which she learned, on inquiry, wasjust ten dollars. At first she felt some hesita-tion about making a selfish use of the moneyshe had in purpose already consecrated tothe service of God;. "but," she argued, "themoney is my own, given me to do as I pleasewith, and papa is so anxious I should improvein my drawing I know he will like me tohave these beautiful plates. I will use mymoney this once, and the next shall go to theschool." So conscience was silenced for thetime and her mother's permission eagerlysought for the desired purchase. After hear-ing the case, Mrs. St. Clair gave Ella per-mission to do as she wished, but advised herto consider well before she decided to indulgeherself at the sacrifice of the welfare of others,and to wait, at least until the next morning,before making the purchase. Then, aftersome further conversation, the affectionatemother'kissed her child and bade her good-

56 ELLA'S BA TITLES.night. Two hours later, when Mrs. St. Clairsupposed that little Ella's senses were fastlocked in slumber, the little girl entered hermother's room, and holding out the gold piece,burst into tears." Oh, dear mamma, take it," she sobbedout. "I cannot sleep until you have prom-ised to send it to the missionary lady. AfterI had undressed I knelt down and began, asI always do, to pray, 'Our Father,' but whenI came to 'Thy kingdom come,' I could notsay it, for you have so often told me that ifwe really want God's kingdom to come, weshall do all we can to lead others to know andlove him. Then I remembered about thedrawing plates, and I did not feel willing togive them up, in order that my money mighthelp to educate some poor little heathen girl,and I felt as if it was mocking God to askthat his kingdom might come if I was notwilling to help. But, dear mamma, I am will-ing now. Please take the money, and then Ican pray once more and ask God to forgivemy selfishness."" I am truly glad, my darling," said her

rELLA'S BATTLES. 57mother, " that you have come to this conclu-sion. I did not urge it on you before becauseI hoped that the quiet reflections of the even-ing would bring better thoughts, and thatGod's Holy Spirit would lead you to do right,as he always will lead us if we yield our-selves to his guidance." In this instance, my child, your sin wouldhave been threefold. You failed in the lawof kindness which requires us to' love ourfellow-creatures as we love ourselves, foryou were willing, for a mere passing gratifica-tion, to sacrifice the welfare of a poor childwho has so few to care for her soul. Again,it was wrong to prefer your own pleasure toGod's glory. Then, to pervert to your ownuse that upon which you had already in-scribed 'Holiness to the Lord' would havebeen to take, as it were, a gift from God'saltar, to use for merely personal indulgence.Whilst it remained your own, it was a questionfor you to decide what portion of your littleincome you might lawfully use for yourself,and what ought to be consecrated as a thank-offering to him who gives you all you have.

58 ELLA'S BATTLES.But after setting it apart for his holy serviceit was no longer your own, and you had nomore right to use it for other purposes than toappropriate what never belonged to you."Let us, my darling, seek God's forgive-ness; and-blessed be his name !-' we havean High Priest who can be touched with thefeeling of our infirmities, seeing he was in allpoints tempted like as we are, yet without sin,'and his precious blood cleanseth from allsin. Learn from this sad lesson, my child,to moderate your desires for earthly good; becontent with your lot now and always, what-ever changes and trials may come; be grate-ful for blessings enjoyed and sweetly sub-missive when they are withheld; and seekhappiness not in mere selfish gratifications,but in doing good to the bodies and soulsof those around you. The wise Seneca hassaid: 'He that does good to another mandoes good also to himself-not only in theconsequence, but in the very act, of doing it;for the consciousness of well-doing is anample reward.'"

CHAPTER VI.THE PLANTATION.-ELLA'S NURSE.JHUS aided by the prayers and coun-sels of her judicious mother, Ella waslearning not only her own weakness,but also to seek for strength where alone itcan be found, and to fight vigorously againstthe wiles of her own heart and the devicesof the evil one, who "as a roaring lion goethabout seeking whom he may devour." Shewas learning that by her own efforts aloneshe could do nothing, and this convictiontaught her both the need and the efficacy ofprayer.She usually, on returning from her morn-ing drive, dressed as quickly as possible, inorder to secure time undisturbed for privateprayer and the careful study of God's holyword. It was seldom indeed that anything59

60 ELLA 'S BA TTLES.was allowed to interfere with this delightfulduty; but one morning, while dressing, hereye chanced to fall on a book she had beenreading the previous evening, and in whichshe had been much interested. Taking it upmerely to glance at a particular passage, asshe thought, she became engrossed with thesubject, and read on, turning one page afteranother, utterly unconscious of the lapse oftime, till she was summoned to breakfast.Breakfast! and she scarcely half dressed,her Bible unread, and no word of prayeroffered to him who had so kindly watchedover her during all the hours of sleep anddarkness! What should she do? How nowrecall the hours she had so thoughtlessly mis-employed? Better far had it been for herto have sent an excuse to her parents, anddispensed with her breakfast altogether, thanto have neglected her heavenly Father andventured forth upon the day's duties unfortifiedfor all its allurements and temptations. ButElla resolved to make amends for her neglectas soon as breakfast should be over, hurriedlycompleted her toilet, and descended to the

ELLA'S BATTLES. 6Ibreakfast-room, where the family were al-ready assembled and her father waiting herarrival to begin the morning worship. Shecould not engage in this with the usual profit,for she felt flurried and troubled about herprevious neglect. Breakfast was eaten withthe same feeling of abstraction and lack ofenjoyment, and the repast was scarcely con-cluded when her father reminded her thatthey were to spend the day at their country-seat; and, in order to secure time for somearrangements he had to make about a neworchard, that he wished to start immediately.Poor Ella! where was now the quiet hourshe had promised herself after breakfast?She had already detained her kind, indulgentparents by her tardy appearance at .morningprayers, and now must she keep them wait-ing again? No; she must set out at once,and there was still no time for her to retireand seek the loving Saviour whom she hadso'grievously neglected. She thought of hisloving arms as folded about her all the nightlong, sheltering, shielding even from troublousthoughts and weary wakefulness, and she had6

62 ELLA'S BATTLES.not even thanked him, or given him a morn-ing salutation, or asked him to keep her asshe went out to the day's duties and tempta-tions. Was it strange that she felt grieved?--that, as she thought of all this, the tearsstarted to her eyes, and her lip trembled, and"her heart throbbed till she could endure it nolonger? So, hastily falling on her knees, shebesought forgiveness for her sin, and thenwith a lightened heart and chastened spiritran down to join her parents.The morning was balmy, and an hour'spleasant drive brought them to the beautifulspice plantation where, with her dear parents,so many pleasant days were passed in ruralretirement and innocent recreation. Aftertheir arrival, several hours were spent in look-ing at the birds and flowers, and in talkingwith the faithful ayah, Ella's former nurse,who was always left in charge of the planta-tion house during the absence of the familyin town. She loved her nurse-child very de-votedly, and Ella's earnest efforts and prayershad been greatly blessed to this poor woman.She had given up her idols, and said she wor-

ELLA'S BATTLES. 63shiped the one true God. Ella had taughther to read, and read to her whenever shehad opportunity, and tried to explain to herthe great truths of the Bible. She loved tolisten, at first, only fr6m affection for the fair,sweet child of whom she was so proud; butgradually the darkened mind began to clear,and her heart was opened to receive the truth.She was still ignorant, and, of course, the evilhabits of a lifetime strove often for the mas-tery; but Mrs. St. Clair believed that shehad been truly converted, and that she wasstriving to lead a consistent Christian life.Ella always, on her visits to the plantation,spent much of her time in reading the Bibleto her old nurse, in talking over " that sweetstory of old," the way of salvation through acrucified Redeemer.On the present occasion she spent, moretime than usual with her, as the ayah wastalking about her approaching baptism, andElla had been reading to her the account ofthe baptism of Jesus, and other passages. ofScripturq on the same subject, and they hadbeen kneeling there in the little bamboo cot

64 ELLA'S BATTLES.and praying for divine light. It was a beau-teous spectacle, and one on which goodangels might have looked with joy as theytuned anew their golden harps to .the praiseof redeeming love-that fair young child,With her strong faith and holy love beamingforth from the clear azure eye, and the gray-haired Malay, with her dark visage and care-worn, world-weary look, come to Jesus, atlast, for the rest and peace to be found onlyin his love. Yes, she had come at last-guided thither by the little child she had sooften folded in her arms, and whose infanttongue had in lisping accents told her againand again, in the years gone by, the story ofBethlehem and Calvary. Now, at last, shehad listened and rejoiced in the joyful tidings,had cast away the idols of her lifetime andtaken Jesus for her everlasting portion.Thus Ella had passed many of the hours ofthis day at the plantation house, and it wasnot until lunch was over, and the hour of theafternoon siesta brought its accustomed quietand leisure, that she was able to be alone withher mother, and to pour into her sympathizing

ELLA'S BATTLES. 65bosom the sad story of the morning. Likethe disciples of old, she had gone and toldJesus, but she was not quite satisfied till herdear mother had also been made acquaintedwith heg sin. But now they were at last alone,and throwing her arms about her mother's neck,she told her all the history of the morning-how, iq the very beginning, she had yieldedto temptation; how, at first, she had vainlythought to retrieve her error by subsequentperformance of duty; and how perfectlywretched she felt till she had gone to Jesus,the tender, pitiful Saviour she had so grieved&and slighted, and told him all her sin'and re-ceived his pardon."Tell me, dear mamma," she said, tear-fully, " why is it so very hard to do right?'Why, when we really mean to do our duty,do we so often and so utterly fail?"4"It is hard, my child," said Mrs. St.Clair, "to do right, because we have withinus- a depraved nature-' another law,' as St.Paul calls it, 'warring against the law' new-ly implanted within us, .so that when we woulddo good, evil is present with us. We have a6* E

66 ELLA'S BATTLES.triple warfare to wage-against the allurementsof the world, the assaults of our great adver-sary, the devil, and our own corrupt nature-and it is the last which puts it in the powerof the others to harm us. Were therfno an-swering evil within, the fascinations of theworld and the onset of all the powers of dark-ness would fall harmless at our feet, as theydid at the feet of our Lord during those 'fortydays in the wilderness' when the Son of God' was tempted of the devil.' Our evil natureis the real traitor that betrays us to the enemy.But though we have this ceaseless conflict tocall for constant watchfulness and effort, thereis no need to be disheartened. For our en-couragement it is written: 'God is faithful,who will not suffer you to be tempted abovethat ye are able.' We must look to him forthe strength we lack in ourselves, but whilstwe look we must not sit down supinely andexpect our evil nature to be subdued, our bat-tles fought for us, without aim or effort on ourown part. We must watch especially the weakpoints of our characters, we must lay asideevery weight that hinders our progress in theS

ELLA'S BATTLES. 67divine life and the sin that doth so easilybeset us, and we must remember that wehave taken up a work that will demand allour thoughts and efforts till the evening shadesappear and our Father calls, 'Come hometo rest.' There is no time for trifling, never aseason when we may safely relax our effortsafter holiness, and the moment we cease towatch vigilantly, that moment we are indanger of being overcome. You wish to belike Jesus? then hear what he says: 'If anyman will come after me, let him deny himself,and take, up his cross daily, and follow me.'He calls his'People to bear the cross here, ashe did while on earth, and when, like him,they have been made perfect through suffer-ing, he will place the crown of victory ontheir heads, and make them partakers of hisglory in life everlasting.""Dear mamma," said Ella, "what doesJesus mean by taking up the cross andfollowing him? All, surely, are not calledon to suffer as he did, and loving and obey-ing such a Saviour ought not to be a cross.""It ought not to be, most certainly, my

68 ELLA'S BATTLES.dear, and were we wholly free from sin, itwould be esteemed our highest joy to dowhatever he commands. But, alas evenwhen truly converted, there is continuallya war in our ,members, the old nature con-tending for the victory. Our chief delightis in God's law, in doing his will and promot-ing his glory; but there are times when in-dolence, selfishness, regard for the opinionsof our fellow-creatures, and a thousand othercorrupt propensities, tempt us to do wrong;and it is then that we are to deny ourselves,our old corrupt nature; 'take up the cross,'or do that which is difficult, painful, or un-pleasant; and follow the example and preceptsof our Lord. We must indulge in no pastime,seek no employment, select no friends, en-gage ;n nothing that may tend to lead othersto think lightly of our Saviour, his word,his worship, or his cause. We must watchagainst heart sins and sins of the tongue,and keep both in subjection; we must striveto overcome pride, selfishness, irritability, in-dolence, or whatever sins we are most temptedto commit, and never yield the contest till

ELLA'S BATTLES. 69they are completely subdued. This is 'thecross' he requires us to bear for his sake,this the return he asks for all his matchlesslove to us."" Oh, what a standard !" said Ella-"' how/beautiful! but I shall never, never be able toattain it.""Not in your own strength, certainly, mydear; but he is faithful who has promised;and having begun a work of grace in the soul,he will surely perfect it to eternal glory. Wemay by lack of faith walk in darkness duringall the days of our earthly pilgrimage; wemay fritter away the precious opportunitieshe gives us to win souls to him, and havethe shame and sorrow, if such emotions couldenter heaven, of laying at his feet 'a starlesscrown;' but if we are really his, we haye hisword for it, none can ever pluck us out of hishand. If we will not yield ourselves willing-ly, lovingly, as obedient children, to hiscontrol, he will scourge us as wayward onesuntil we return to our duty, and we shall becompelled, in sackcloth and ashes, to weepover our departure from God. But, seeking

70. ELLA'S BATTLES.his guidance, we shall surely find the supplyequal to our necessities. He will be our all-sufficient help in every time of need. What-ever be the depravity of our nature, it cannotexceed the merits of his precious blood or thesanctifying power of his blessed Spirit; what-ever our weakness, it cannot be greater thanhis strength; and all the attributes of the God-head are pledged to the ultimate and completetriumph of the child of God over all thatwould separate him from the love of Christ.The Apostle Peter says that the Christian is'kept by the power of God, through faith,unto salvation.' The power of the Omnip-otent What more can we ask than 'thepower of God' to help us in all our needs?"

CHAPTER VII.THE RESCUED VICTIM.IME passed on, and Ella still enjoyedthe fostering care of her excellentparents in the beautiful island home.where she was born. Though educated instrict retirement, with no other teacher thanher mother, with only such occasional aidas the heavy professional duties and frequentabsences of her father permitted him to render,her naturally fine mind had been well de-veloped, and was richly stored with the know-ledge suited to her sex and position in life.Neither had the ornamental been neglected.Both in music and drawing Ella evinceddecided taste, and the practice of these lighteraccomplishments served, in some measure, tocompensate for the want of suitable com-panions of her own age-a loss that Mrs. St.71

72 ELLA'S BATTLES.Clair had often deplored for her daughter asone of the most objectionable features of theirforeign residence. In addition to the ordinarycourse of instruction, Ella had studied withnative teachers, under the supervision of hermother, the Arabic, Malay, and Hindostaneelanguages, all of which she read and wrotewith considerable fluency. The chief objectin view in the study of these languages wasto secure a wider field of usefulness in thepreparation of Christian books for the deludedidolaters about her. She thought much ofthem, and devoted herself zealously to theinstruction and improvement of those amongwhom her lot had been cast.Many plans of usefulness were laid, and, inconcert with her excellent mother, she taught,for several hours every day, such of the neigh-boring children and youth as were willing tocome to her for instruction. Here her finemusical talents greatly aided her success bybringing larger numbers under her influencethan would otherwise have attended. Shewrote out many copies of several Malayhymns of her own translation, and taught her

ELLA'S BATTLES. 73pupils to sing in their own language as areward for diligence in other studies. Thisoperated as a healthful stimulus to exertion,and likewise afforded her many opportunitiesforithe inculcation of religious truth. Manya little Malay or Hindoo girl was here taughtto read and understand the Holy Scriptures,and some were by them made wise untosalvation who, but for the zeal and persever-ance of this earnest young Christian, wouldvery probably, in consequence of the foolishprejudice of the country against female educa-tion, have remained all their lives in heathendarkness. How many precious souls wereby these quiet, unassuming efforts gatheredinto the fold of the good Shepherd only therevelations of the last great day can disclose.Among those brought under Ella's influencewas a little Hindoo girl who was found by aBritish officer, off Sangar Island, near themouth of the Hoogley. This river is consid-ered the true mouth of the Ganges, and, the"junction of this sacred stream with the oceanbeing at Sangar Island, the natives regard thespot with profound veneratin. A few devo-7 ^

74 ELLA'S BATTLES.tees usually reside on the island, and they aresupposed to be able to confer perfect immunityfrom danger on boats whose owners or pas-sengers invoke their aid; and these fanatics orimpostors are supported by the fees thus ob-tained. An annual festival is held here inJanuary, which is attended by thousands ofnatives, many of them coming from a greatdistance to bathe, in "the holy Ganges" andmake offerings of rice, flowers, etc., to thegoddess Gunga, who is supposed to receivethem when the tide washes them out from theshore where they have been laid. So holy isthis river esteemed by these infatuated peoplethat the touch of its waters, nay, the verysight of them, as their holy books teach,takes away all sin and removes disease andimpurity of every kind from the body. Intheir courts of justice they swear upon it aswe do upon the Bible in ours, and evendrowning one's self in its waters is esteemedan act of merit. They daub themselves withthe clay from its banks as well as bathe inthe water, and depart well satisfied with thesanctity thus obtained, while many go away

ELLA'S BATTLES. 75loaded with the clay, which they carry ontheir shoulders hundreds of miles to sell tothose who may be unable to make the pilgrim-age in person. Formerly hundreds of chil-dren were here thrown into the Ganges, anddevoured by alligators, as sacrifices to Gunga;but this custom has been abolished by theBritish government so far that it no longeropenly prevails, though many a poor little girlstill falls a victim to this barbarous custom,being either secretly thrown into the riverunder the cover of darkness, or left exposedon the banks, while the infatuated parents setout on their return from the annual pilgrimageto Sangar.On one occasion, soon after the festival, anEnglish officer, calling at the island, found alittle girl about three years old tied fast toa slender raft and exposed just where shecould be readily drifted off with the rising tideinto the deep, muddy river, and be eitherdrowned or swallowed by one of the herd ofhuge alligators that are ever on the alert fortheir prey. She was a pretty, plump littlething, with bright, black, sparkling eyes and

76 ELLA'S BA TITLES.long glossy hair, which was nicely braidedand twined with fragrant white flowers, onwhich the cool night breeze was blowing, thatmade them smell very sweet. It seemed in-deed a sacrifice crowned with flowers, and itwas doubtless supposed by the cruel parents,when they lefttheir innocent child thus toperish, that their insatiate goddess would bethe better pleased that they had thus tastefullyadorned the victim for her acceptance. But amerciful Providence interposed for the rescueof the helpless child and raised up for herprotectors among those who knew and fearedhis holy name.The officer, whom curiosity alone had in-duced to stop at this far-famed isle, was look-ing around at the vestiges of the recentfestival in the hope of obtaining some littlecuriosity as a present to his distant friends,when his attention was attracted to the littleraft, literally covered with white blossomsand green leaves, from the midst of whichthe bright little face was peering wistfullyup as the cheering rays of the full moonshone lovingly down on the strange scene.

ELLA'S BATTLES. 77The little one's hands were filled with sweet-meats, given, like the traitorous kiss of Judas,not in love, but to betray the innocent intothe hands of its deadliest foes. They wereevidently "hush-money," designed to purchasethe silence of the child till the unnaturalparents had effected their escape. Other-wise, her cries might have roused the Sepoysstationed on guard, and resulted in the detec-tion -and punishment of the cruel deserters.The little girl came readily to the officer ashe held out his hands after unloosing thegay-colored ribbons that bound her jo thealtar of sacrifice. She was too young to feara strange face, and evidently too glad to bereleased from her constrained position to bevery choice as to the means of deliverance.The young colonel had recently buried hislovely wife and sweet babe, his sole earthlytreasures; and his heart, softened by grievousaffliction, yearned toward the deserted childthus providentially thrown in his path. Hewas a cousin of Mrs. St. Clair, about to paya visit to his relatives at Singapore, and hedetermined to take his little protegee with himS '*

78 ELLA'S B4 TITLES.and ask Mrs. St. Clair's advice as to the bestmeans of providing for her.At this time Ella was about eleven yearsold, and expressed an earnest desire to takecharge of the little Hindoo as her regularpupil. After due consideration, Mrs. St.Clair decided to take the child into herfamily, placing her under the care of a nativenurse, and permitting Ella to assume the re-sponsibility of her instruction and training.This Ella did earnestly, faithfully. She soughtout means for making the truths which shetaught clear to the mind of her young pupil."She used the blackboard in her instructions,and labored with special earnestness to makeher understand all that the Scriptures teachabout Jesus and his death on the cross. Un-tiringly did she labor and pray year afteryear for the conversion of her little pupil.She had many difficulties to combat. Some-times little Meta was willful or obstinate,rebelling against the gentle rule of her youth-ful teacher; sometimes indulging in violentfits of passion, the heritage of the childrenof that torrid clime; and more than once

. ..>-- "' ..-? u =---= .- r P .____ '------- _"Ella's Battles.PA GE 78./'e(( ( 1C~3I *--------ic=

fELLA'S BATTLES. 79Ella was shocked at discovering evidencesof duplicity and positive falsehood. Oftenshe felt discouraged when some of her bestefforts for the child's good seemed to fail,and new faults that she had not anticipatedsprang into life. Then, in sore distress, likeJohn's disciples when their beloved teacherwas torn from them by a dark providencethat they could not understand, she would goand tell Jesus, and this dear Saviour wouldalways help her to bear the disappointmentof her plans, and point her in the distance toa radiant star shedding its silvery brightnessover the horizon beclouded by present trials.Moreover, her dear mother had always aword or look of encouragement, reminding herchild that, while the demons of evil were toostrong for her to cast out by her own unaidedstrength, Jesus was saying to her, as to hisfollowers of old, " Bring him hither to me."She told her that she must always bear inmind that he is ever ready and willing to dofor us what our own feeble efforts are utterlyunable to accomplish.Thus led gently forward, Ella was enabled

80 ELLA'S persevere in her good work, patiently in-structing, encouraging, guiding, and ad-monishing with a zeal and perseverancescarcely to have been expected in one soyoung. She was always gentle, unselfish,and self-sacrificing in her efforts to train thislittle heathen girl in the right path, and herown true and beautiful life was the mosteffective of all the lessons she gave. Thechild-heart, that might have been dwarfedand blighted by harshness or severity, ex-panded under the genial sunshine of Ella'sgentle and loving spirit; and in due seasonthe seed she had so diligently sown, andwatched, and watered by prayer and faithsprang up and brought forth fruit to the gloryof God. Little Meta was hopefully convertedin early youth, and was afterward very use-fully employed in the instruction of her be-nighted countrywomen, dispelling by herown noble example the false idea of herpeople that education and religion are notintended for woman, and serve only to renderher unfit for the discharge of her duties aswife and mother, since in both these relations

ELLA'S BA TTLES. 8NMeta's life was acknowledged even. by herheathen acquaintances to be most exemplary.She was sought in marriage by more thanone who could have given her a home ofwealth and luxury, but she unhesitatinglydeclined these offers because made by thosewho were not Christians. She ultimately mar-ried a poor man, a native assistant attachedto one of thiP"tissions on the island, and be-came indeed a helpmeet- for him, aiding him'in his Christian work and well fulfilling theduties of her own position. Their childrenwere trained in the fear of God, and the ex-ample of this whole family was such as tohonor the religion of Jesus and do good tothose around, shedding amid the surroundingdarkness of heathenism the light of a trulyChristian home.FS- .r~rJ~r)

CHAPTER VIII.REMOVAL FROM SINGAPORE.N such varied efforts for the good ofothers as those recorded above, Ella'syears passed rapidly on, each bear-ing with it the record of duties earnestly per-formed, sacrifices cheerfully made for Christ,a greater separation from the world, and in-creasing joy and comfort in the service of theRedeemer. In after years, Ella often advert-ed to this period of her life as one of almostunclouded sunshine. These were years inwhich she enjoyed much delight in the divinepresence and sweet assurance of her accept-ance with God. She was shielded, in her ownbeautiful home, from all the real trials of outerlife, blessed with parents to counsel and guideher in every emergency,nd had abundantleisure for the study of God's holy word, the82

ELLA'S BATTLES. 83use of all the public and private means ofgrace, and for quiet meditation and prayer:she was thus very gently and lovingly trainedfor future service. Under these circumstances,the battles over self were less difficult, victorieswere more easily won; and whilst she madereal and steady advancement in the Christian-life, there was, to some extent, an unconscious-ness of her own weakness and entire depend-ence on a higher power. These must belearned in the furnace of affliction, not in theflowery paths of worldly ease. To her it hadbeen comparatively easy to walk in the pathof duty, since no obstruction had intervened,no deep waters had to be passed, no " HillDifficulty" to be surmounted. This had beenthe training-the first years ofteasy service--but by and by were to come the real battles.When fiery trials should arise, then she shouldbe brought, as never before, to feel the fullnessand preciousness of the consolations providedfor the tried and tempted in God's own word;when overwhelmed in the storm, she shouldlearn the full v,|e of the " hiding-place;"when bereft of earthly friends and comforters,

84 ELLA 'S BATTLES.she should realize increasingly the precious-ness of him that "sticketh closer than abrother;" and when bowed beneath the crush-ing load of temporal sorrow, the blessed" Comforter" should appear with all the full-ness of heavenly consolation. But not yetwas the time come. Yet a little while mightshe bask in the cloudless sunshine and gatherstrength for the coming storm.Just as Ella entered upon her sixteenthyear, General St. Clair was ordered with hiscommand to British India. It was with thedeepest regret that they gave up their pleasantisland home, the dear little church of whichthey had for so many years formed a part,their school and labors generally, their friend-ly association with the missionaries, and allthe cherished employment that had renderedtheir stay so very agreeable. They had remain-ed in Singapore so long, and felt so entirely athome, that they had almost ceased to re-member that a change must come. It isseldom indeed that a soldier is permitted toremain so many years at any one post, butGeneral St. Clair had been sent to the Straits

ELLA 'S BATTLES. 85on a service for which he was peculiarly fitted,and for this reason had for more than fifteenyears been exempt from the constant changesthat form so trying a feature in the life of asoldier, especially one on foreign service.But now their loved home was to be brokenup, dear familiar faces exchanged for those ofstrangers, the perils of the sea to be encount-ered, and new associations to be formed.At first Ella's grief knew no bounds, and,though not loud in its expression, her palecheek, tear-suffused eye, and saddened airadded much to her mother's natural grief ingiving up the home she so dearly loved.One evening after their departure had beendecided on, the general was out making somearrangements for their journey, and Mrs. St.Clair and Ella took their usual drive withouthim. Wishing to see the servants at theplantation house in reference to some shrub-bery that was to be removed, Mrs. St. Clairdirected the syce to drive to the villa. "Asthey turned into the well-remembered road,every feature of which had been familiar toElla from her infancy, her equanimity utterly8

86 ELLA'S BATTLES.forsook her, and, covering her face with herhands, she burst into tears. Her motherallowed her to weep uninterruptedly for afew minutes, only drawing her tenderly towardher and pressing the throbbing temples againsther sympathizing bosom till the first burst ofgrief was over. Then gently smoothing backthe long fair hair from the flushed brow, shesaid:"My daughter, do you believe that 'allthings work together for good to those thatlove God'?-not shall work hereafter, atsome future time, under some particular com-bination of circumstances that may never arise,but do work now for our present as well aseternal good if we truly love him?"" Oh yes, dear mamma! of course Godknows best and will do right, but it is sohard to give up our own dear home and gooff among strangers."" Not harder, my dear, than for Jesus toleave his home of glory for our sakes. Hearhim saying:'This have I done for thee:What hast thou done for me ?'

ELLA'S BATTLES. 87In every event of our lives, directed by hisword, or indicated by his providence, he saysto us: 'This is the way,, walk ye in it,' andwe may as truly honor him by bearing sub-missively the little trials and crosses of every-day life as by resignation to some greatcalamity-perhaps more so, as these littledaily griefs come so often, and by bearingthem aright we may let our light shine daily,and shed around us the continual lustre ofan earnest, consistent, all-pervading piety,whereby our associates may know that wehave been with Jesus and learned of him,and others thus be led to seek an interest inthe blessings he offers."" But, dear mamma," said Ella, "it doesseem as if we could do more good here, wherewe are known and have our work already be-gun, than we can possibly do anywhere else-at least for a long time to come.""Perhaps, darling, our Father thinks dif-ferently. He loves his own cause far betterthan we can do, and will surely provide forthat and for us, for time and for eternity.Our duty is to do his will, to obey his corn-

88 ELLA'S BA TITLES.mands, to watch the developments of hisprovidence, and follow where he leads; andhaving done this, we may cast all our careupon him, assured that 'he careth for us.'There is work for Jesus to be done every-where, and ready hands and willing heartswill be sure to find it. So dry your tears,my darling, and set yourself resolutely tothe glad performance of whatever duties hemay call you to perform. I know this changeis a trial, a great trial, to one of your ardent,loving- temperament, and Jesus, my child,knows it too, and will help you to bear itif you try to do so for his dear sake and inhis strength. Submit, not'because you must,;:but rejoice that you have something to do andto suffer for him who has laid down his lifefor you, who, 'though he was rich, yet forour sakes became poor, that we through hispoverty might be made rich.'"

CHAPTER IX.A NEW HOME AND ITS SURROUNDINGS.T proved as Mrs. St. Clair had said-that where there were willing heartsand ready hands, there was plenty ofwork to be found-and our young heroinewas soon not only busy, but happy, in work. When settled in their new homein Madras, the large family of domesticsthat the customs of the country made it neces-sary for one of General St. Clair's high rankto keep about him opened quite a field formissionary operations, that Mrs. St. Clairand her daughter were not slow to enter.According to the regulations of caste inIndia, a different servant has to be employedfor each department of labor, even to the mostminute and unimportant. There is first thehead-cook, who is always purveyor-general8* 89

90 EL LA 'S BA TTLELS.of the household, doing little himself besidesmaking purchases and employing such otherservants as are needed, but superintendingthe entire arrangements, which are well orill managed just in proportion to the abilityand fidelity of this most important personage.For his special accommodation there are twoor more deputies, who are the real cooks ofthe establishment. These attend the bazaars,carry the marketing and groceries, and per-form all the details of the cookery, while themaster-cook only seasons, garnishes, andserves the dishes. Of dining-room servants-there are usually ten or twelve, whose soleemployment is to lay the cloth, wait at table,bring in and carry out dishes, and such likeservices, and who would consider themselvesgrossly insulted were they called on to per-form the most trifling service beyond theprecincts of their own proper domain. One ormore of these servants is assigned to eachmember of the family, always standing behindhis own " sahib " at table, and waiting on himthere, whether at home or abroad. The othersstand at side tables to carve, serve the

ELLA'S BATTLES. 91various drinks, and bring in from the kitchensuch dishes as may be needed from time totime. Besides these table attendants, thereare body-servants, one or more to eachmember of the family, male and female, childand adult. The duty of each of these is totake charge of the wardrobe and dressing-room of the person upon whom he waits, togive out and receive the clothes from wash,and be responsible for the safe-keeping of allthe personal effects of his "sahib." Thenthere is the maker of the beds; the keeper ofthe bath; one to bring water and another tocool and take charge of it; one to trim lamps,one to run of errands, one to keep the gate;two or three dirges, or tailors, to sew for thefamily, mending and making all the apparel,male and female; one or two dhobis to wash,and as many to iron; a yard-cleaner; a syceto take care of each horse and run with himwhenever he goes out, and a syce to cut thegrass of each horse; boat-rowers, palanquin-bearers, and so on, even to male and femalesweepers, as some parts of a house must beswept only by a man, and others only by a

92 ELLA'S BA TITLES.woman. This numerous retinue of servants,of course, renders an establishment in theEast quite a complicated affair; yet so per-fectly defined are the duties of each that theponderous machine is kept in working orderwith astonishing ease, and the lady of thehouse has really far less trouble in house-keeping, as well as less expense, than inEurope or America. But were it otherwise,it would be utterly useless to contend againsta system so completely inwrought in the warpand woof of all the customs of the country thatany departure from it would be deemed a last-ing disgrace; and no offer of increased wageswould, under any circumstances, induce oneof these sticklers for caste to unite the dutiesof two separate departments. Then the intenseheat of this tropical clime induces indolence,and the means of living among this class ofnatives may be obtained so cheaply that thereis no inducement to increased exertion. Thisprinciple of caste strikes a deathblow at everypossible attempt to improve the condition orprospects of a family or any member thereof.Trades and occupations belong to families;

ELLA'S BATTLES. 93children inherit them from their parents, aretrained to them from early youth, and neverevince any inclination to be other than theirfathers were. The same principle is carriedout in everything, and hence the almost in-superable difficulty of getting these peopleeven to examine the claims of "a new re-ligion." Their fathers were idolaters, and,right or wrong, they are content to follow inthe footsteps of their ancestors.These customs of her new home Mrs. St.Clair did not attempt to combat, for she sawat a glance that single-handed she could ac-complish nothing in a warfare against thesestrongholds of ages. But, ever on the alertfor opportunities of being useful, she soughtto weave out of these very obstacles a planof operations for the spiritual good of the largecorps of intelligent and faithful servants, whoseeagerness to serve her had already won heraffectionate interest. These numerous de-pendants she resolved to assemble each dayin the spacious verandahs of her dwelling, toiead to them the word of God, and endeavorto lead their darkened minds to a contempla-

94 ELLA'S BATTLES.tion of the truth as it is in Jesus. As theynearly all spoke English to some extent, shefirst tried reading to them in her own tongue,thinking that the novelty of a foreign languagemight induce them to listen more carefullythan they would otherwise have done. Shetook great pains to be plain and simple inher instructions, and tried to enforce them asfar as possible by illustrations drawn from thefamiliar objects around; and for a while shewas encouraged to believe that she was suc-ceeding, at least in enlightening their under-standing, if not in affecting their hearts. Butsubsequent questioning on the earlier lessonsshe had given them sorely disappointed herhopes ;- and she found that whilst they answer-ed many questions correctly, so far as the mereletter was concerned, yet of the true spirit ofthe gospel they had really gained nothing.Besides, not only did their imperfect know-ledge of the English language render a largeportion of her instructions utterly incompre-hensible to them, but so unwilling were theyto receive the unwelcome truths in regardto their sin and need of a Saviour that they