The story of Mark Raffles, or, An English boy's adventures among the Japanese

Material Information

The story of Mark Raffles, or, An English boy's adventures among the Japanese
Portion of title:
English boy's adventures among the Japanese
Cover title:
Story of Mark Raffles, or, a boy's adventures among the Japanese
Added title page title:
English boy in Japan
Spine title:
Mark Raffles, or, a boys's adventures in Japan
Dalton, William, 1821-1875
Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
London ;
Edinburgh ;
New York
T. Nelson and Sons
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
308, [12] p., [4] leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 17 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Boys -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Courage -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Filial piety -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Friendship -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
National characteristics -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Prisoners -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Social life and customs -- Juvenile fiction -- Japan ( lcsh )
Description and travel -- Juvenile fiction -- Japan ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1871
novel ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )


General Note:
Added engraved title page printed in colors.
Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
Statement of Responsibility:
by William Dalton.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
026664541 ( ALEPH )
ALG5448 ( NOTIS )
57726857 ( OCLC )


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"T~o the TicjtbCr.----o-1~-----BY way of Preface, the author would simply state,that the manners, customs, and legends, which histale is intended to illustrate, have been gathered fromthe latest as well as the earliest authorities ; moreover,that the book has been in the course of progressduring the greater part of the present year, the lastsheet having been sent to "Press " long before thenews of the treaty signed with Japan reached Eu-ropean ears, or the arrival of those letters, which,although they have startled the public with agreeablesurprise, do not in fact contain one material point ofinformation beyond that to be found in this littlestudy of a hihlv interesting, but at present somewhatover-rated peo _le.WILLIAM DALTON.Lio-,IN, Deicembr 16..4.


0--Chap. PageI. The Raffles Family-How the Captain got to Japan ... 9II. The Captain's Return-The young Jammaboo ... 16III. The Captain relates his Adventures ... ... 23IV. History of Toda Sofats-How he became a Jammaboo, andafterwards an Interpreter ......... 36V. Bad News for Toda and Mark ...... ... 46VI. Death of Toda's Father-The Captain a Prisoner ... 52VII. The Boys set sail for Japan-Meet with a Tatsmaki, andrescue Yanosi ... ... ... ... 61VIII. Danger ahead-The Boys in a Trap ... ... 74IX. The Boys escape, and the Rogues are caught in their ownnet .. ... ... ... ... 83X. The Island of Devils--A troublesome Prisoner ... 88XI. The Boys are picked up by a Fisherman, and pick up aW ise-fool ... ... ...... ... 99XII. They find a Friend, lose their Prisoner, and change theirPlans ... ... ... .. ... 110XIII. The Story of a Son of a Fox-The Boys pass throughNangasaki ... ... ... .. ... 122XIV. The Opening of a Festival-A Sintoo Temple and its"Worship ... ... ... ... ... 136XV. Mark has an Adventure with some Sacred Dogs ... 147XVI. The Boys live with Sanno-Mark sees a little of JapaneseLife 999 ... ... ... 160oo o e o o

CONTENTS.Chap. PageXVII. Mark sees jolly doings at the Great Festival ... -170XVIII. The Outcasts' Village-Mark puzzled ... ... 184XIX. Strange People and Wonderful Phenomena ... 193XX. Journey to Simabara-Sights on the Road ... 207XXI. A new Enemy-Justice in Japan .. ... 216XXII. The Boys taken Prisoners ... ...... 228XXIII. Many Dangers and a Miraculous Rescue ... ... 234XXIV. The Boys part company-Prisoners again ... ... 253XXV. Toda in Search of a Hermit 0.. ... ... 266XXVI. A wonderful Surprise ... ... ... ... 279XXVII. How Yammasiro became theHermit of Fakone ... 288XXVIII. More Adventures ... .. ... ... 294XXIX. ': All's well that ends well" ... ... ... 802

THE STORY OF MARK RAFFLES.CHAPTER I.THE RAFFLES FAMILY-HOW THE CAPTAIN GOT TOJAPAN.THE estate of Mount Gold, in Devonshire, hadbeen in possession of the Raffles family forcenturies, till Edward, its last owner, by along course of extravagance, found himself re-duced to the necessity of mortgaging everyacre and living upon the charity of a relative,who permitted him and his son to occupy acottage in the neighbourhood of the old manor-house.Like many other weak-minded people in asimilar position, Edward, instead of gildinghis fallen position by a life of earnest labour,became lost in a slough of despond, from the4

10 EDWARD RAFFLES COMMANDS A SHIP-bottom of which his mental vision could onlydwell upon the past. The mind, however, ofhis son being of 'a more energetic cast, thestory of the " had been" aroused in him a desireand a resolution to act a part in the world thatmight enable him to redeem the fortunes ofthe family, if not the old estate itself.The boy had grown to youth during thelong trial of the celebrated Governor-Generalof India, Warren Hastings, about whom everyone had talked so much that he had not failedto get by heart many passages of that extra-ordinary man's history, the earlier portion ofwhich was similar to his own. The descendantof an old but impoverished family, Hastingsin his boyhood had lived near the ancient seatof his forefathers, around which he wanderedand pondered till he had resolved to win itback from the stranger. Hence the resolutionof John Raffles to achieve, under Providence,a similar result,-he would win back MountGold. The first chance of an active life that pre-sented itself was the appointment to a midship-man's berth in the service of the English EastIndia Company; from which, in due course oftime, he arose to the command of a ship.

MARRIES-BIRTH OF MARK. 11Shortly, however, after this promotion, thewhole current of his career was changed bythe following circumstances:-It so happened that, upon his first home-ward voyage in command, he fell in with aburning ship, the crew and passengers of whichhe rescued from death, either by fire or water,by taking them on board his own vessel. Thedoomed craft proved to be a Dutch trader onher passage home from Batavia. Among thepassengers were a Dutch merchant and hisdaughter, who, in gratitude for their merci-ful deliverance, prayed the Captain to visitthem at their Amsterdam home; to whichplace, indeed, he accompanied them as soonas he had taken his ship into the East IndiaDocks.The result of this visit was that the Dutchlady became Mrs. Raffles, and the Captain re-signed his command for one of a more lucra-tive nature under the Dutch East India Com-pany at Batavia, in the island of Java; towhich place he immediately proceeded, withthe hope of making a rapid fortune,-a hopethat became strengthened by the birth of hisson Mark, to whose remarkable adventures itI

12 THE PORTUGUESE AND DUTCH IN that the reader is indebted for the followingpages.Batavia is to Holland. what Calcutta is toEngland, namely, the capital of its possessionsin the East Indies, and, moreover, the grandemporium of its Asiatic commerce. It is fromBatavia that the Dutch spread out their netsto catch the commerce of the East, and wherethe more than questionable maxim, "Makemoney,-honestly if you can, but makemoney!" is the rule of mercantile morality.For centuries the Dutch have been characterizedby the Asiatics as a people who would humblethemselves to the dust for money; but by nonehave they been held in greater contempt thanby the Japanese, into whose empire they werefirst introduced by our own countryman, Wil-liam Adams.When the Hollanders first made their ap-pearance in Japan, they found, as was the caseall throughout the East, the Portuguese notonly established as merchants, but as successfulreligious propagandists; for a large portion ofeven the princes and great lords had submit-ted to the supremacy of the Pope of Rome;and there can be little doubt but by this time

HOW THE DUTCH GOT A FOOTING IN JAPAN. 13Popery would have been the established faithof Japan, had not the insolence of the priestsand the treachery of the Portuguese Govern-ment, which sought to subdue the empire,caused the Emperor to order all professingChristianity, whether Portuguese propagand-ists or Japanese converts, to be destroyed.The Dutch managed to save themselves byhelping the Emperor, with artillery and sword,to destroy their European brethren. Theywere, however, properly punished for theirmean and selfish wickedness; for although,by way of reward for their services, the Zio-goon, as the natives designate one of theirtwo Emperors, permitted them to remain inJapan, that prince felt so much contempt fora people who could assist in destroying theirbrother Europeans, that he made them ex-change their comfortable Factory at Firandofor the small artificial island of Desima, where-in he commanded that they should for everconfine themselves.Built in- the shape of a fan, some 600 feetin length, by 240 across, this miserable townstands out like a. pier or breakwater from thecity of Nangasaki, being joined to the latter4

14 ISLAND OF a stone bridge, upon which is placed, toprevent all unauthorized dwellers in eitherfrom seeing or communicating with each other,a high wall, and a guard-house, occupied bypolice and soldiers.For greater security and the prevention ofegress and ingress, the island is surroundedwith a high fence surmounted by iron spikes.The sea-gates are always shut, except at theentrance and exit of the Dutch vessels. Inthe harbour, upon thirteen high posts, iswritten the governmental order, that no boatsor persons are to come within the ports or toapproach the Dutch quarter, under very severepenalties. The Dutch are not allowed tobuild houses of stone, but simply huts of fir-wood. Moreover, every Japanese who ispermitted to enter their service, as clerk,interpreter, or porter, is a Government spy,and bound two or three times a year to takea solemn oath, signed with his own blood, ofhatred to the Christian religion, and that hewill contract no friendship with his Dutchemployers, nor afford them any information re-specting the language, laws, manners, religion,or history of the country. Add to this that the

THE CAPTAIN SAILS FOR DESIMA. i1number of Dutchmen is limited to eleven,namely, a president, secretary, physician, andeight clerks, all of whom are so rigorouslyunder the surveillance of keepers, that on theirperiodical visits to the Ziogoon, to make pre-sents and do homage, they are not allowed tospeak, without permission, even to the servantsof the inns at which they lodge, and you willhave a very fair notion of Dutch life inJapan.It was in the voyage from Batavia to thisprison-island, in command of one of the an-nual ships, that Captain Raffles was chieflyengaged. When, however, at the end of tenor twelve years, he found he had not wealthenough to return to Europe, he petitioned for,and obtained the appointment of secretary atthe Factory at Desima, where, by a three years'residence, he hoped to amass at least the pur-chase-money of Mount Gold.4

16 HOW MARK WAS EDUCATED,CHAPTER II.THE CAPTAIN'S RETURN-THE YOUNG JAMMABOO.VERY tediously did those three years passaway; for as at that time England was atwar with the Dutch, and the latter, fearingthe British cruisers, discontinued sending theirannual ships to Japan, the Raffles family,throughout the whole period, knew not whe-ther the Captain was dead or alive. Duringthis long stoppage of communication, however,between Desima and Batavia, Mrs. Rafflesoccupied her time with the education of herson Mark, who had now grown a fine lad, andto other talents added that of learning lan-guages; although for the full development ofthe latter acquirement he was chiefly indebtedto a Japanese named Bengo, who some yearsbefore had been picked up by the Captainfrom a wreck, and, at his own earnest suppli-cation, brought to the Captain's house at Bata-via, where he had ever since remained as akind of domestic servant. Having, like all the(306)

THE CAPTAIN'S RETURN TO BATAVIA. 17Japanese, a marvellous aptitude for the studyof languages, Bengo had no sooner masteredboth Dutch and English than he instructedand practised Mark in his own tongue,-an element in the boy's education whichinfluenced his after fortunes in no slight de-gree.You can better imagine than I describe, theanxiety with which mother and son awaitedthe Captain's return. Time seemed to haveput on its weightiest drag-chain;--hours be-came days; days, weeks; and weeks, months.However, the longest suspense, like the longestlane, has its turning, and so the expected dayapproached,-nay, the ship even came into har-bour a full week earlier than was anticipated;for one day while they were sitting in the pavi-lion of their spacious grounds they heard strangesounds of rejoicing among the slaves andhousehold servants,-another moment,-theyhad not time to reach the house,-the Captainhad embraced both wife and son !The first surprise over, then came a multi-tude of questions and answers,-health, hap-piness, joy, sorrow, all had their share. Howhad the time passed during the three years?(306) 2

18 TODAY SOFATS.The Captain was pleased to see how his sonhad grown; better pleased to hear from theproud mother that the boy had progressed inhis studies; but delighted when he heard that hespoke Japanese fluently. The Captain, however,was grieved to see his wife look thin and wan:he said so. Mrs. Raffles smiled, and said sheshould soon be better, now that he had re-turned for good. As she emphasized the lastwords, a gloom passed over her husband's face:it evidently meant much, but he said nothing."But who have we here, my father?" ex-claimed Mark; " Who indeed? surely notanother runaway from that odious Fog em-pire," said Mrs. Raffles almost in the samebreath, as soon as the shower of mutual ques-tions and answers consequent upon their sud-den and delightful surprise had subsided."The noble Toda Sofats, whom I must pre-sent to my wife and son as the companion ofmy voyage and a friend worthy of theiresteem," said the Captain.The person who had called forth these ques-tions, and who in the blindness of their joyneither mother nor son had hitherto noticed, wasa strong well-made young man of some nine-

MARK PLEASED WITH HIS NEW FRIEND. 19teen years of age, whose enormous-sleeved loosesilk gown, long scarf, girdle, sombrero-shapedhat, straw shoes, but withal easy and dignifiedcarriage, bespoke him to be a young Chada-modo, or Japanese of rank. Hearing his ownname, the youth bent his knee and bowed tillthe two ends of his scarf touched the ground,saying in Japanese, " Ah, to-day! seen for thefirst time;" the " I'm happy to see you," orusual greeting of his countrymen upon theirfirst introduction to strangers; after which heturned his back upon them, to signify that heregarded them in so high a light as in his ownextreme insignificance to be unworthy of look-ing upon their faces.But when Mark, who was greatly pleasedwith the dignified yet modest manners of theyoung Japanese, greeted him in his own tongue,and moreover gave him one of those heartyEnglish shakes of- the hand which, regardlessof language, goes direct to the heart even of asavage, what was his surprise to hear him sayin good Dutch, "The noble Capitan Sama (i.e.the Lord Captain) is the good father of Toda,and Toda will -be the brother of his son theyoung Hollanda Capitan !"4

20 MRS. RAFFLES AND TODA SOFATS."The noble Toda speaks the language ofHolland !" said Mrs. Raffles with delight."Such is the fortune of Toda, or he wouldnot have been within the range of the brightlight that pours from the noble lady's eyes,"replied the youth." The noble Toda is blessed with great ta-lent, to speak so well the language of theforeigner," was the reply."Truly the noble lady exalteth too highlythe merits. of her servant, whose powers arebut insignificant when measured by those ofthe meanest of the children of Ten-sio-dai-sin(the sun goddess)," replied Toda."The children of the sun goddess?" repeatedMark interrogatively."So are all the Japanese called, my son,"said the Captain; but before he could enterinto further explanation, Mrs. Raffles, with asmile upon her face at the politeness of theyoung Japanese, led him to the house; and asMark and the Captain followed, the latter said,"Say, Mark, is not your curiosity aroused toknow how this noble youth came to accom-pany me to Batavia in spite of the laws ofhis country?"

WHAT'S A JAMMABOO ? 21"Indeed, my father, I was thinking moreof the happy termination of your voyage, andhow glorious it will be to visit that dear oldEngland of which you have told me so much."" Tut, tut!" muttered the Captain, but withsuch a melancholy expression upon his coun-tenance that the sensitive boy said with alarm," Surely my dear father cannot have been dis-appointed ? It is not possible that he can havechanged his resolve ?""Tut, tut, Mark, we will speak of this an-other time. Not-not now," said the Captain;adding, as he placed his hands affectionatelyupon Mark's shoulders, " Surely you must becurious to know the history of this youngJammaboo."" Jammaboo !" said Mark, "what's that?"" A mountain soldier priest, not unlike theTemplars, or knights of St. John, of Europeanhistory," replied the Captain." But what have these Jammaboos to dowith Toda?""Ah, then, your curiosity is excited at last,Mark! It has all to do with Toda; but as ithas taken so long to raise your curiosity, Ishall not satisfy you till another time."4-

22 TODA ONE OF THE FAMILY."But, my dear father,-"" Not now, Mark," said the Captain, as theyboth went into the house; and as the rest ofthe day was occupied in making arrangementsfor the thorough installing of Toda as -one ofthe family, the subject was postponed.

THE CAPTAIN' S STORY. 23CHAPTER III.THE CAPTAIN RELATES HIS ADVENTURES.THE next morning the family assembled inthe great pavilion. The Captain and Marksat upon ottomans, Mrs. Raffles reclined uponan Indian couch, while Toda, after the fashionof his country, sat upon a mat cross-legged,"with his feet carefully hidden beneath theskirts of his robe, his body in a slanting direc-tion, and his head bent downwards in respect-ful attention; for he knew that he alone wasto be the subject of the story the Captain wasabout to relate."As I daresay you have guessed," said theCaptain, " the great object of my three years'confinement in the miserable little prison-townof Desima has not met with the success I couldhave wished, and proves to me that a badbeginning is the almost certain forerunner ofa bad ending. While, as you are doubtlesslyaware, the authorities permit but few articlesto be imported into their empire, the Japanese

24 HOW THE DUTCH ARE RECEIVED IN JAPAN.people are at all times anxious to purchaseanything and everything of European manu-facture or growth : thus it is that large sumsof money are made by those shipmasters whocan successfully smuggle goods into the coun-try; which they effect, as you will find, in avery novel and ingenious manner. But to pro-ceed with my story :-"After a rough voyage we arrived safely inthe port of Nangasaki. The gun was fired bythe Japanese police, announcing their know-ledge of our arrival. A vast number of guard-boats soon swarmed around us; the autho-rities came on board, and, as usual, beganto overhaul our ship in search of Bibles,prayer-books, or any Christian books or pic-tures,x-which, when discovered, they fasteneddown and sealed with the Government seal;after which they unshipped the rudder, seizedupon the guns and ammunition, and took themashore, there to keep them during our stay inport."Now the captain, prior to the comingon board of the Japanese, caused all articleshe knew to be prohibited to be secreted inhiding-places ingeniously contrived in the-hold

DUTCH CAPTAINS SMUGGLE IN JAPAN. 25and between decks, and dressed himself in asuit of clothes so large and filled out withwadding, that when he presented himself tothe officials he looked the fattest of fat Dutch-men; when, however, the Japanese had leftthe ship, he artfully took out the wadding, andsupplying its place with a portion of the pro-hibited articles, went ashore to dispose of them,taking care to replace them with the wadding,so that he should not excite attention by be-coming suddenly thin ; and having repeatedthis ruse at every opportunity, he managedbefore leaving the port to realize a handsomeprofit." In less, however, than three months afterthe departure of the ship upon her homewardvoyage, the news arrived that shortly afterleaving Desima she sprung a leak, when thefrightened crew abandoned her, took to theirboats, and were picked up by a Russian cruiser.Their own vessel, however, instead of goingdown, unfortunately drifted landward; andbeing seen by some Japanese fishermen, wastowed into harbour. The consequence was,that after a minute examination the hiding-places were discovered, which happened to be4

26 THE CAPTAIN TIRES OF JAPAN.filled precisely with those goods of Japanesemanufacture expressly forbidden by the Go-vernment to be exported from the country.Intelligence was sent to the Court of the Em-peror, or Ziogoon, at Jeddo; who, when thesystem of smuggling so long practised wasbrought to light, ordered for the future that allDutchmen arriving in Desima should, previousto their landing, be personally examined. Theworst part of the story is, however, that Iwas immediately seized by the police, boundhands and feet, and taken to a prison in Nanga-saki, where they slung me up to a beam whichran across a species of cage made of bamboo."What might have been the result, but forthe interference of the noble Yammasiro, thethen all-powerful Governor of Nangasaki, whoseinterest at Court was sufficient to obtain myrelease, I cannot well imagine." This adventure sickening me of my pen-chant for Desima, I resolved to return toBatavia by the next ship; but unfortunately,as a war had broken out in Europe, it wastwo years before it arrived, and so I was com-pelled to make the best of my situation." I have told you how greatly the Governor,

THE LORD GOVERNOR YAMMASIRO. 27Yammasiro, befriended me. Well, as monthspassed onward his friendship increased; andfrequently, under pretence of an official exami-nation, the noble Japanese would send for meto his house in Nangasaki; and although histwo secretaries were spies who had signed anoath written in their own blood to report his al-most every action to the Emperor, he managedto converse freely with me in the Dutch lan-guage, which he spoke fluently; and this youmust understand to be a vast condescension,for it is against etiquette for any of thesehaughty Japanese grandees to converse witha foreigner, whatever may be his rank, exceptthrough the medium of. one of the appointedinterpreters." During these conversations I learned thatYammasiro was a descendant of one of thosenoble Japanese whose adherence to the doc-trines taught by the Portuguese priests hadcaused them to be barbarously massacred; and,moreover, that although Yammasiro himselfhad a leaning to the same doctrines, he fearedtoo much the terrible laws against Christianityto profess them openly. Indeed this leaningto the new doctrines had been more than sus-4

28 HANS THE INTERPRETERpected by his enemies, who, but for his con-nection by blood with the Mikado, or Emperor-Pope of Japan, and the influence of his brotherthe General or head of the Jammaboos, wouldlong before have ruined him." I must, however, now tell you that it isthe duty of the Governor of Nangasaki tolicense and appoint certain Japanese to beinterpreters between the officials and the Dutchcolonists at Desima; these interpreters beingpermitted to take regular apprentices, who incourse of time succeed their teachers. Nowshortly after my arrival in Desima the inter-preter who attended upon me died, and wassucceeded by his apprentice, who was by farthe most accomplished native I had met with.Indeed, but for his often expressed hatred of FChristianity and everything connected with it,from his great knowledge of European man-ners, customs, and even literature, I shouldhave believed him to be a European. Likeevery Japanese, whether of high or low de-gree, in spite of his native laws, he had alove for everything European; therefore,when, upon succeeding to be my interpreter,he begged to be re-named, I gave him that of

IMPLORES THE CAPTAIN TO TAKE HIM TO EUROPE. 29Hans; by which, to the envy of his fellows, hewas always known." The most curious portion of the storyrelating to this youth was, that no one knewhis name, family, or from whence he came;but as he seemed to be befriended by a per-sonage of such high rank as the Governor, allat least open curiosity was suppressed. Nei-ther did I make the discovery till-but Imust not anticipate." Well, the three years passed away, aDutch ship arrived at Desima, and, aftershe had remained the allotted time, dis-charged her cargo and taken in another, witha heart beating high at the prospect of againseeing my wife and son I prepared to depart.SI had taken leave of the Governor, one thing"alone I had to perform, namely, bid farewellto Hans, to whom I had become greatly at-tached. The interview was painful in theextreme; for the youth declared he wouldnot leave me,-nay, upon his knees, beggedthat I would take him to Europe. It wasnot love for me alone that .actuated him, buta nobler motive. He had learned from booksand tradition that, before the treacherous con-4.

30 HANS TAKEN PRISONER.duct of the Portuguese had caused the promul-gation of the order forbidding the people toleave the empire, the Japanese were brave,enterprising, and to be found all over India,and indeed in many parts of Europe. This,with the marvellous accounts he had read ofEuropean countries, created within his breasta burning desire to travel, feeling assuredthat, on his return at some distant day, thegood he should be enabled to impart to hiscountrymen would cause them to pardon hisinfringement of the law."Sadly, however, as it grieved me to dis-appoint the sanguine youth, I refused; for Iknew if the slightest suspicion of his inten-tion were aroused, his death would be cer-tain; moreover, that his escape would bevisited upon the crew of the next Dutch shipthat arrived in Japan." Still he continued to plead so long andloudly that I began to fear he would beoverheard,-such, indeed, proved to be theresult, for no sooner had he left the housethan he was seized by some spies, who boundhim with cords and carried him off to theGobonayosi, or head police officer; who there

THE CAPTAIN INTERCEDES WITH THE GOVERNOR. 31and then sent him to a close prison to awaitthe will of the Lord Yammasiro."Instantly I betook myself to my friendthe Governor, to whom I pleaded very hardfor poor Hans. Yammasiro would, however,listen to nothing in his favour. The youthhad sought to break the laws, therefore hispunishment would be as certain as that nightwould follow day. Fortunately for myself,it had been reported to the Governor howsternly I had refused to comply with Hans'supplication; and for this refusal the nobleYammasiro thanked me with tears in hiseyes, assuring me that, had the boy been suc-cessful, he should have been compelled to riphimself up! for such being the law andcustom, the highest in the land dares not butobey."Finding all appeal useless, I took my de-parture with a sad heart. Before, however, Ileft the port, the Governor begged that I wouldaccept a present, as a token of gratitude forsaving his life; when remembering that, havingbeen so many months in the. island without re-ceiving a visit from a Dutch ship, we had longbeen out of Hollands, and spirits of all kinds, I

32 SETS SAIL FOR BATAVIA.begged of him to send down to my boat a fewcasks of sacki; knowing that, in case of ill-ness on board, the only spirituous beverage tobe had in Japan would be of the last impor-tance."Then having taken final leave of the Gover-nor, I went on board. We waited for the sacki,which was not brought till late in the even-ing; when, for better security from the long-ing seamen, it was stowed away in my owncabin, after which the anchors were weighed,the sails spread, and the ship stood out to sea.Shortly afterwards, greatly to our astonish-ment, we heard the report of a signal-gun,and saw a large junk followed by some fiftyarmed guard-boats making towards the ship.What could it all mean ? We had not, how-ever, to wait long for the cause, for the com-mander of the junk, with several of his crew,boarded us to search for Hans the interpre-ter, who, he declared, had escaped from hisprison and secreted himself in the vessel justbefore she sailed;-a suspicion angrily rebut-ted both by myself and the captain, who will-ingly submitted to the inspection."The result was, that a long search took

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HANS COMES OUT OF A CASK. 33place ; when, failing to find the youth, the Japan-ese officials, after making many polite andhumble apologies, returned to their boats, theship set sail before a good wind, and I retiredto my cabin to dwell upon the happiness ofsoon meeting my wife and son; and thatnight was one of the happiest I ever spentat sea." As I had not been afloat so long, I was notat all surprised to be awakened about themiddle of the night by a sudden lurching of thevessel; at least so I then thought it to be. ThenI fancied that I heard a rustling in the cabin;then a short cough. A moment's reflectionconvinced me that, finding my cabin door un-fastened, one of the seamen had entered andwas boring a hole in one of the spirit casks,to have a suck at the contents. In an in-stant I jumped out of my berth, and in anothermy hand was upon the head of a man nearthe casks. 'Thou rascal !' I exclaimed."'Hush, Capitan Sama, it is only Hans .'was the reply. Scarcely believing my ownears I hastily pulled aside the slide from acrossthe cabin window; it was day-break, and thereI saw poor Hans with his head just out of(306) 34

34 HANS TURNS OUT TO BE TODA,the cask! More astonished than angered, Icould but say,-' How-is it possible-Hans !'" No less, 0 Capitan Sama, than the miser-able Hans, who has dared to displease his goodmaster,' said the youth." Then the danger of the captain, the crew,the ship, flashed across me, and I said angrily,' This must not be. The ship shall be put back.You must return to the Governor, whose lifewill be the sacrifice of thy obstinacy.'" 'If thy servant return, it will be to beexecuted; and surely the noble Capitan wouldnot cause even so insignificant a person as Hansto be murdered,' said the youth imploringly." 'But the noble Yammasiro,' I said,-". " Is the parent of the miserable Hans, whoselife he has sought to save by sanctioning thistrick, 0 Capitan Sama.'"'Thou Hans, the son of the noble Yam-masiro !' I exclaimed incredulously." Truthfully and surely the humble youthis not Hans, but Toda Sofats, the son of theLord Governor Yammasiro, whom the godspreserve,' said the boy with a dignity I thenthought new to him."" Is it possible that a Japanese boy can be

AND TODAY TO BE THE SON OF YAMMASIRO. 35so brave ?" said Mark, jumping up and clasp-ing the hand of Toda within his own."The children of Ten'-sio-dai-sin are notdogs," said the youth, adding, "and Toda isbut the smallest among them."Then Mrs. Raffles chid Mark for his rude-ness, and begged of the Captain to proceedwith his narrative." Nay," said the Captain, "the noble Todacan tell his own story best."

36 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF TODA.CHAPTER IV.HISTORY OF TODAY SOFATS-HOW HE BECAME A JA.M-MABOO, AND AFTERWARDS AN INTERPRETER." THE history of thy servant, noble lady, isshort and insignificant, and alone derives lustrefrom its connection with the noble Captain,"said Toda, who then modestly related the chiefincidents in his life, which, for the sake ofbrevity, I will relate after my own fashion.The Lord Yammasiro and his youngerbrother Nagazima, the General of the Jamma-boos, were- the descendants of a Christianmartyr; and so greatly does the Governmentof Japan detest Christianity, that, notwith-standing their connection by blood with theMikado or Sacred Emperor, their descent hadcaused them to be looked upon with suspicionfrom their childhood.This taint, however, the younger brother,Nagazima, soon rembved,by becoming one of themost fervent of the members of the order ofJammaboos, whose whole lives are supposedto be occupied prayerfully walking up and

YAMMASIRO AND NAGAZIMA. 37down the highest mountains, and in the mili-tary protection of the myriads of Pagan pil-grims who travel to the shrine of Ten-sio-dai-sin at Isye for the purpose of purchasingohoharaki, or indulgences;, which, like thosegranted by the Pope of Rome, are wickedlypretended bythe cunning priests to give absolu-tion and remission of all past sins, but again,like the Romish indulgences, are in reality toput money in their own pockets.Either by his false piety, cunning, or in-terest, perhaps a little of each, Nagazima be-came General or chief of his order; and bythat means,-for he had considerable affectionfor his elder brother,-he not only protectedYammasiro from suspicion, but obtained forhim a place at the Court of the Ziogoon orMilitary Emperor. Still, however, as he sus-pected Yammasiro of a leaning towards thePortuguese doctrines, he was bigot enough todeclare that he would denounce him as aChristian, if he did not send his only sonToda to Meaco, to be entered as a novice orapprentice of the order of mountain soldier-priests.As this threat, if put in execution,-and he4

38 TODAY ESCAPES FROM HIS UNCLE.did not doubt that his brother Nagazimawould keep his word,-would, by the cruel lawof Japan, have caused Yammasiro and thewhole of his family (the General excepted) tobe put to a simultaneous and cruel death, withbitter heart-burnings the latter consented; andToda, who had secretly learned something ofChristianity, was sent to his uncle at Meaco,and, after a short novitiate, was compelled, forfear the cruel menace would be carried out, totake the Pagan oaths which made him for lifea Jammaboo.A short period of experience of the folly,and, to his awakened soul, wicked blasphemyof the many Pagan and fearfully idolatrousceremonies in which he was forced to join, sosickened and disgusted the youth, that he re-solved at all risk, but the safety of his parents,to escape. The only way to do this was tolet it be 'supposed that he had been accident-ally drowned. So, procuring a suit of robesin addition to those he usually wore, he soughta mountain stream ostensibly for the purposeof bathing. The next day, however, Toda wasmissed; and, as his clothes were found near arapid current some distance down the stream,

SEEKS HIS MOTHER AND FATHER. 39it was readily believed that while bathinghe had been accidentally drowned, and thathis body had been carried out to sea by therapids.Then, in the garb of a mendicant Jammaboo,the lowest class of the order, he travelled to-wards Jeddo, performing conjuring tricks andtelling fortunes on the road, and so reachedhis father's house, to find it one of mourningfor his own supposed death; the news of whichhad preceded him some days. Great, how-ever, as was the joy of his mother when hefound an opportunity of secretly making him-self known to her, the good lady's fear becameparamount when she heard that he had escapedfrom his order; for well she knew that a crueland painful death awaited those Jammabooswho were guilty of breaking their vows. For atime, therefore, she implored of him to returnto Meaco and seek his uncle's pardon. This,however, the high-spirited youth refused, andchose rather to travel to his father, Yammasiro,who had not long before been appointed chiefof the two Governors of Nangasaki. I mustnot, however, forget to tell you that the rea-son of Toda's mother being at Jeddo while her

40 TODAY MADE INTERPRETER.husband was at Nangasaki, was, that it is thepolicy of the Ziogoon to keep the wives andfamilies of all his Governors at Jeddo as host-ages for their good behaviour.Having once made this resolution, Toda soonreached the palace of his father; who, trem-bling for the boy's safety, yet knowing noother means of saving him from discovery, re-solved upon sending him to Europe, at leasttill the Nisnomar, or heir apparent, who washis great friend, should ascend the throne ofthe Ziogoons.To carry, out this plan, Yammasiro appren-ticed Toda to an interpreter who had been oneof his own faithful servants. By the way, afaithful servant in Japan means one who, ifhis lord builds a new house or castle, will begthe honour of being crushed to death beneaththe foundation-stone!How Toda succeeded to be interpreter tothe Captain you have seen; and also that whilesupplicating the latter to take him on boardship he was overheard by some spies, whowere the means of having him taken beforethe Governor; who, although his own father,was, for the sake of appearance, compelled to

HOW HE GOT INTO THE SPIRIT CASK. 41cast him into prison. In this strait, however,the quick wit of Yammasiro came to his assist-ance; for during his interview with the Cap-tain, he determined that one of the sacki caskshe was sending to the Dutch ship should con-tain his son, the head of the cask being sofastened from within, that, opportunity occur-ring, Toda could remove it. It was the latteroperation that awakened Captain Raffles. An-other of the casks was divided into two portions,the upper being filled with sacki and the lowerwith robes, and a quantity of gold which theGovernor sent the Captain as a token of his gra-titude."And so the cruel laws of the Land ofFogs have given me a brave friend," saidMark." And a true brother, for surely the nobleCaptain has been a father to the son of Yam-masiro," replied Toda, taking hold of Markby both hands." How jolly to think Toda will go with usto England !" said Mark." Shall we not sail by the next ship, myhusband?" said Mrs. Raffles." Nay-now you are both impatient, for4.I

42 CONCLUSION OF THE ADVENTURES OFyou have not yet heard the end of my story,"said the Captain," What more can we wish to hear, myfather, since you are with us ?" said Mark,whose thoughts were bent upon the voy-age to England, a country which as yet hehad never seen." Listen," replied the Captain, sorrowfullyadding, "the misfortunes and danger of Toda,my great attachment to him, and, moreover,friendship for the noble Yammasiro, his pa-rent, at once made me resolve to bring himto Batavia. Some difficulties, however, oc-curred with the captain and crew, who nosooner discovered Hans (for by that name theyknew him) to be on board, than, enraged at thetrouble into which it might plunge them ontheir next visit to Desima, they threatenedto return and deliver him up to the Japanesepolice."" The miserable cowards!" exclaimed Mark,indignantly."A threat they would have carried out,"continued the Captain, "had I not opened thesacki casks for the crew, and heavily bribedthe captain with the gold sent by Yamma-

TODA AND THE CAPTAIN. 43siro, which constituted the greater part of mythree years' accumulations."As, however, the sailors had not tastedspirits so long, it had such an effect uponthem that, a storm coming on during the night,they became powerless to manage the ship,which was driven on a rock, when the cowardstook to their boats, leaving Toda and myselfupon the wreck. Fortunately she kept afloatlong enough for us to brace together somedozen casks and planks; upon which, however,we had no sooner berthed ourselves with whatwater and biscuit we could remove, than shewent down, taking with her my three years'savings."" And such is the end of thy hopes toamass a fortune Better, my dear husband,that we had returned to Europe three yearssince," said Mrs. Raffles." It is not for a youth to speak, but trulythe noble lady forgets that the wings of theinsect man are filled by the breath of the greatDeity," said Toda." Mother, should we not be thankful thatmy father has so miraculously passed throughthese dangers ?" said Mark.L

44 THE CAPTAIN DETERMINES."Pardon me, my dear husband; Mark isright; I am ungrateful," said the lady.At his wife's reproachful language a tearrolled down the cheek of the bold seaman;brushing it away, however, he said, " The restis soon told: we were at length picked up by anEnglish merchantman, which brought us intothis port; where we remained till we had pro-vided ourselves with fitting clothes, that mywife and son might not too suddenly hear themiserable result of my long absence.""And all this forethought to save a pangto one who has uttered such words of selfish-ness and ingratitude !" exclaimed Mrs. Raffles."Enough, my dear wife; it was Providence,not your husband that you blamed," saidthe sailor, kissing his wife's cheek; adding,"my last voyage was undertaken from choice,my next will be from sheer necessity-duty."" Another voyage such cannot be your in-tention, my husband; it will be tamperingwith Providence," exclaimed Mrs. Raffles." "Another voyage!-no, not for all the for-tunes in th.e world!" said Mark." The noble Capitan has said it; surely it is

TO MAKE ANOTHER VOYAGE TO JAPAN. 45not the custom of his countrymen to eat theirown words?" said Toda." Toda speaks wisely," said the Captain;" for I did not tell you that the crew reachedBatavia long before we arrived. The cap-tain died on the passage, and the mate andsailors, fearing that the Japanese officials maysince have discovered the truth of Toda's escapein their ship, refuse to go the next voyage un-less I command the vessel; consequently dutyin the first place, and the necessity of repair-ing my losses in the second, compel me to gothis last voyage." And so resolutely did theCaptain utter these words, that wife and soncould but submit in silent sorrow.

46 FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN TODA AND MARK./CHAPTER V.BAD NEWS FOR TODA AND MARK.SOME months had elapsed since the Captain'sdeparture upon his last voyage. During hisabsence the time passed lightly with Mrs.Raffles and Mark, who found Toda to be anexcellent companion. The two youths becameinseparable friends, each regarding the otheras a kind of wonder and prodigy. Both wereeager for knowledge and information ; each hadso much to tell the other of the history, habits,and customs of his own country; and both wereso high-spirited, indefatigable in study, and,moreover, by a sympathetic feeling, so instinc-tively imitative, that by the time the returnof the Captain was expected, it was difficultto distinguish which was most the Japaneseand which was most the European, at least asfar as a deep interest in and a longing to visitthe country of the other was concerned."Your countrymen would have been thegreatest and noblest people of Asia, Toda, had

PORTUGUESE, DUTCH, AND JAPANESE. 47the doctrines of Christ been permitted tosoften the cruelty of their laws," said Markone day." The Portugals, my brother, called them-selves Christians, yet their cruelties at the cityof Goa, from whence they came to Japan, wereas great as those practised by the children ofthe sun goddess; moreover, the priests weretreacherous, and sought to enslave the landthat welcomed them," said Toda." But the Portuguese were not Pagan idola-ters," said Mark, at his wit's end to know whatreply to make." If the ears of Toda failed him not, heonce heard his brother say that the Portugalswere Christian idolaters.""But the Dutch, Toda, they are of the re-formed religion, and bend the knee to Godalone, moreover, they have been obedient to thelaws of Japan, and yet are not even permittedto bury their dead according to the ritesof their church."" The children of the sun goddess have oncebeen deceived; moreover, they are too simpleto comprehend how two antagonistic religionscan call themselves by the same name of Chris.

48 TODA WANTS TO VISIT ENGLAND.tian. Then the trading class is the lowest inthe empire, and therefore they hold in con-tempt people who desert their homes andfamilies for the love of gold alone."" Well, well; perhaps the Dutch meet withtheir deserts, for they love gold more thanhonour,"said the impulsive Mark: "but, Toda,'he added, changing the subject, I should liketo visit Japan before returning to Europe.""Such is not possible, my brother, un-less-""Unless what?" said Mark impatiently."My brother will think Toda boastful andproud of his own talents.""No; honour bright!" said Mark laughing." Then if Toda were to visit that Englandof whose history he has read so much, he isvain enough to believe that on his return hecould tell his countrymen so much, that forever after foreigners would not only be ad-mitted but implored to visit the sub-celestialkingdom of the sun goddess."" Then that must be when the good Nis-nomar (crown prince) becomes Ziogoon, other-wise my poor Toda would have to rip himself up," said Mark; adding, thoughtfully,

A GREAT SURPRISE. 49"after all, it would be very strange if I wereto visit Japan before you visit Europe.""Nothing is impossible, my brother," saidToda, twisting and twirling his fingers aboutso as to represent various animals." Now Toda, you are at your conjuring andfortune-telling tricks," said Mark."It is a practice of the wandering Jamma-boo, my brother, and will foretell the truth,"replied Toda, who, as you will find, retainedmany of the superstitions of his people."Yes, by accident, chance," said Mark. Atthat moment a slave ran towards them scream-ing and shouting, " Young master! youngmaster! a sailor man brought a message, andalmost kill lady !"Without another word both youths ran intothe house, where they found Mrs. Raffles sense-less upon a couch, surrounded by female ser-vants who were endeavouring to revive her.Pushing them aside, Mark applied the restora-tives himself, and speedily had the satisfactionof hearing her speak. "Your father, Mark,-your father," she said, incoherently; thenrecovering her self-possession, she added to thesailor, who Mark now saw was his father's(306) 44

50 ARRIVAL OF A MATE FROM JAPANfirst mate, "I will now endeavour to listen toyou, sir." My father !-what can have happened?-tell me at once," exclaimed the alarmed boy,almost fainting. Is he-""No, no, young gentleman, not dead," saidthe mate."Thank God !" said Mark, wiping the coldsweat from his brow."Surely the God of the Christians is the onlyGod.; and we should place our trust in his wis-dom," said Toda."Toda is right, mother; it is our duty totrust in God," said Mark." It is, it is; and we may indeed thankGod that my husband still lives," exclaimedMIrs. Raffles, who, the moment she heard themate had returned without the Captain, hadanticipated the worst."Truly, lady, the skipper is alive; but thenhe is in the hands of demons," said the mate."What mean you? speak! let us knowall!" said the impatient Mark, interruptingthe sailor, and very forgetful of his own doc-trine."Let my brother be calm, and the brave

WITH BAD NEWS FROM THE CAPTAIN. 51ship officer will tell his story," said Toda,squatting down upon the carpet cross-legged,and like Mark and his mother listening withbreathless interest to the following story.

52 THE MATE TELLS HTS STORY.CHAPTER VI.DEATH OF TODAY'S FATHER-THE CAPTAIN A PRISONER." You see," said the mate, " we had as prettya run through them squally seas as I have everknown; and they are squally seas, for it's cal-culated that pretty nearly one out of everythree ships goes down. Then you see we werelucky, for we had been the voyage so often,we knew how to keep clear of the headlandsand rocks, and to steer through the gulfs, whichthe heathens believe were put about the foggyjawbone, as, because of its shape, we call thegreat island of Nipon, to keep it out of the wayof foreigners. As for the whole of Japan,the natives call it Awadssissima, which meansScum island; and they call it this, you see,because they have a story that in the be-ginning of the world the Great Spirit stirredthe then chaos, or confused mass of earth, witha great staff, and as he took the staff out, amuddy scum dropped from it and ran abouttill it formed the great empire of islands; when,

A DRUNKEN SAILOR. 53having peopled the place and put upon it theanimals and vegetables for food, he plantedthe staff in the great island Nipon, where ittook root, and grew upwards into an evergreentree, and exists to the present day. To come,however, to my story. Me and my mates, andthe Captain himself, all thought we should havea good trip; but then, you see, things don't al-ways fall out as we want 'em, and so it hap-pened. For though we had sold all our cargo,took in another, and made some good privateventures on our own account, the very day be-fore we were going to sail homewards, one DirkJansen over-balanced his fore-top with sacki,and against all rule and agreement sneakedinto Nangasaki, where he was caught and takenbefore the ottona,-that is the man who hascharge of the great street. Well, you see, thisottona, instead of giving him the rope's endand sending him about his business, tookDirk -before the gobonayosi, who took himbefore the second governor. Then there wasa great palaver, and the ship was ordered tobe detained till the authorities could get theirorders from the big-wigs at Jeddo. Thisdelay put the Captain in a passion, and so he

54 CAPTAIN TAKEN PRISONER.went to his friend the Lord Yammasiro, andprayed to be allowed to go, promising to leaveJansen behind to be dealt with according totheir laws. And because the Governor agreedto this, Dirk, who had an old grudge againstthe Captain, became so aggravated that hetold the second governor, who he knew wasjealous of the Lord Yammasiro, that Hans,the missing interpreter, had been taken toBatavia by the Captain. Of course at thisthere was a great uproar. All the guard-boatsswarmed around the ship like hornets, andthe crews boarding us, seized the Captain andthrew him into a kind of bamboo cage, toawait further orders from the Ziogoon, as theycall their Emperor. Neither was this the worst;for as the Lord Yammasiro only punished Dirkthe more for his information, the rogue, whohad listened at the door of the Captain's cabinon the night the noble Toda was hidden in thecask, told the second governor that Yammasirohimself was a traitor; for that not only wasHans the interpreter his own son, but, more-over, a runaway Jammaboo priest, who hadbeen sent on board the ship by his father toescape the laws."

TODA'S FATHER RIPS HIMSELF UP. 55The mate was here interrupted by Toda,who, with a groan, fell forward upon his face;but recovering his presence of mind almostimmediately, he said, "It is the will of thegreat God,---alas! my noble parent!""The noble Toda then anticipates theextent of his misfortune," said the rough butkind-hearted sailor, brushing a tear from hiseye." Misfortune to Toda ?" said Mrs. Raffles."Alas! Toda has destroyed his parents !--the 'hara-kiri!'" exclaimed the youth." I must tell the rest, if it kills me," saidthe mate, adding, " when the rogue Dirk hadtold all this, the noble Yammasiro, knowingthat if he waited till the Emperor sent himhis sentence upon a fan, the whole of his familywould suffer death, called his friends together,oave them a great feast, and performed thehara-kiri;-to do which in a grave and dig-nified manner forms a portion of the edu-cation of every Japanese youth of noblebirth."" The hara-kiri !" repeated Mrs. Raffles, withsurprise." Know you not, my mother," said Mark,4

56 A WHOLESALE AND FAMILY EXECUTION." that so cruel are the laws of Japan, that whena nobleman has been guilty of a serious offence,if he does not anticipate the punishment ofdeath by performing the hara-kiri, or happydespatch,-that is, rip himself up,-but awaitsthe process of the law, he and the whole ofhis family are beheaded simultaneously, nomatter in whatever part of the empire they maybe. Indeed it is not long since a noblemanof Jeddo, together with his brother, uncle,son, grandson, and several other relatives, dis-tributed over the empire at distances of hun-dreds of miles from each other, were orderedto be executed at precisely the same hour, forthe crime of the former."" Alas, then, my poor Toda, thy misfortunesare great indeed !" said the lady."Toda needs all the few virtues the greatGod hath bestowed upon him to sustain him,"said the youth; adding, calmly, "let thebrave sea officer speak on, for he has stillworse news to tell."" Then out it must come, cost what it may,"said the mate, brushing his eyes, then con-tinuing,--" It was weeks after the seizure ofthe Captain and the death of the noble Yamma-

TODA'S MOTHER IMPRISONED. 57siro, that the Ziogoon's messenger arrived atNangasaki.""My mother ?" said Toda, impatiently."The news of her husband's death almostkilled her.""They have not harmed her ." said Toda,anxiously." N-o ;" said the mate, slowly." Open thy lips! open thy lips, O braveman, and tell me the truth! The prieststhreatened her with death if the runawayJammaboo did not return ? Is it not so ?for such is the custom!" said the agonizedToda."It is, noble youth. The Ziogoon is en-raged that an educated and accomplished youthof the rank of a Chadamodo should have leftthe country; and the priests are furious that one"of their own order should have deceived them.The orders, then, noble Toda, brought by thatmessenger were, that the second governorshould succeed thy father, that the Captainshould be detained in the country, and thatfor two years the noble lady thy mother shouldbe confined in the Island of Penitent Nobles;where, if at the expiration of that time her

58 TODAY DETERMINES TO GO TO JAPAN.son has not resigned himself into the handsof the Governor of Nangasaki, she should bebeheaded! Moreover, it was only on condi-tion that I should deliver this into your ownears, that they permitted me to leave theislands.""And the Capitan Sama ?" said Toda."Will be forgiven when the noble Todaplaces himself in the hands of the Governor ofNangasaki."" Which will never happen, Toda; for surelythey would kill you," said Mark." Does my brother value not the life of hisnoble father, that he would place it againstthe worthless existence of Toda, to whom thegreat God now offers the luxury of saving twolives, each of more value than a hundred ofhis own?" said the youth." Toda, this shall not be. I also have aparent to seek ; and it shall not be said thathis son feared to travel through Japan to savehim !" said Mark." This cannot be, my brother. You mightbetter seek to move the mountain Foesi thanescape the vigilance of my countrymen. Yet-"and Toda was pensive for a minute, then con-

MARK RESOLVES TO GO WITH HIM. 59tinued,-" could the brave sea officer in hisnext voyage put Toda out in a boat near thecoast of Satzuma, he might at least rescue thenoble Captain."" How is this possible, O Toda ?" exclaimedmother and son in one breath." Toda was once a Jammaboo; in thatdress he could, if necessary, traverse the em-pire in search of his mother and the Captain,"replied the youth, his usually calm eyes flash-ing with delight at his newly conceived plan."The noble Toda is right; he alone cansave the Captain, and he shall accompany menext voyage," said the mate." Heaven bless you, noble boy!" saidMrs. Raffles, still thinking of her own trou-bles." Mother, this is to think of ourselves alone.It must not be. Toda shall not go withoutme," said Mark." Mark dear Mark! am I to lose bothhusband and son?" said the lady, bit-terly." Under that Providence which will protectboth-neither, mother," replied her son. Andso firmly and passionately did Mark, Toda,4^

60 MRS. RAFFLES CONSENTS.and the sailor plead, and so lightly did theynow speak of the risk, that Mrs. Raffles atlength not only forbore her opposition, but, inthe enthusiasm excited by her hopes, longedheartily for the time when the boys would setout upon their journey.

THE BOYS PREPARE FOR THEIR ENTERPRISE. 61CHAPTER VII.THE BOYS SET SAIL FOR JAPAN-MEET WITH ATATSMAKI, AND RESCUE YANOSLHAVING resolved upon accompanying. Toda inhis hazardous enterprise, Mark became impa-tient for the departure of the next ship, whichwas to take place in three months. Thattime, however, he fully occupied in takinglessons from Toda in the dress, manners, andcustoms of the people among whom he wasabout to travel as a sham native. No easymatter, as it consisted in as nearly as pos-sible reversing those habits in which he hadbeen educated from his childhood.First, there was the head-dress,-a shavenfront and crown, with the rest of the hair fromthe temples and back of the head drawn andtied so as to form a tuft upon the bald skull;a fashion that for some days caused him severeheadaches, more especially when he wore thelarge- umbrella-shaped hat of split bamboo,with its cotton linings, and broad silk bands4

62 MARK TAKES LESSONS IN DRESS,for fastening beneath the chin. Then thebreeches of more than double Dutch fulness,with a great slit in each side, into which totuck the bottom of the gown or cloak, andtapering downwards to the broad ribbonswhich were twisted round the legs instead ofstockings. Then there was the proper arrange-ment of the gowns, one over the other, thenumber of which is proportioned to the tem-perature of the atmosphere. These garmentsare of silk, loose and wide, embroidered on thebreast and back with the family arms, and havesleeves of great length and breadth, in whichis placed a pocket for the little white squarenose papers which this people substitute forpocket handkerchiefs. Mark's chief difficultieswere, endeavouring to walk without stum-bling in Japanese shoes, which consist simplyof soles made of straw, and are secured to thefeet only by an upright pin held between thetwo principal toes; and acquiring the art oftaking them off his feet upon entering a houseas quickly and gracefully as you would yourhat.Then there were the customary salutations,and the bow,-which is to bend the back till

MANNERS, AND CUSTOMS OF JAPAN. .63the ends of the scarf, the length of which isaccording to the rank of the wearer, touch theground. Then, again, how to receive a strangerby adjusting the cloak and gracefully fallingcross-legged, with the heels to the ground andthe feet hidden beneath the gown; for to showthem is esteemed the very height of rudeness.Then, again, Mark had to go through acourse of lessons in the fan exercise;-no un-important item, I can assure you, in a coun-try where the people take to fans as ducksdo to water, and where a man without a fanwould be even a greater oddity than a manwithout a head; for in Japan the latteris not at all uncommon. All wear the fan,-ladies, soldiers, and priests. The beggarholds out his fan to receive charity; thedandy sweeps the air of the Japanese RegentStreet with a fan instead of a walking-cane;guide-bpoks and almanacs are written uponfans; sentences of death are sent from theZiogoon to his great lords upon fans; school-boys receive raps upon their knuckles withfans; and lastly, to illustrate the nationalityof the fan institution, when the Ziogoon'spleasure was asked as to what shape the little

64 A DISAPPOINTMENT HAS A GOOD RESULT.Dutch town of Desima should be erected, hismajesty replied by opening, not his imperiallips, but his fan; and so in the shape of a fanwas the town built !Now in all the foregoing as well as othermatters had Mark to take lessons before at-tempting to play the part of a native Japanese.Before the resolute, however, difficulties meltlike ice in summer; so, by the time appointedfor the vessel to sail, Mark found himself tol-erably perfect, and was therefore not a littledisgusted when he heard that, in consequenceof some freak or whim of the authorities, thecommand was not given to the mate.Not unfrequently, however, that which wepoor blind mortals regard as the bitterest ofdisappointments, leads to the crowning-point ofour hopes. So with the boys; for the mate, whowas a man of substance, resolved to undertakea "venture" of his own to the Bonin Islands,a small archipelago some five hundred milesfrom the coast of Nipon, for the purpose ofpurchasing pearls from those Japanese traderswho, regardless of their rigorous laws, dareto venture their frail vessels so far from theirown country. So difficult, you see, is it for

THE BOYS SET SAIL. .65the severest rulers to compel even the mostobedient of people to conform to laws, whenthey are in unnatural opposition to honestgain and industrious enterprise.Having waited for a favourable wind they setsail in good spirits, accompanied by the bless-ings and prayers of Mrs. Raffles. No soonerwere they on board than Toda, who, in deepmourning for his father, had worn white andpermitted his hair to grow, once more shavedhis head, and, like Mark, adopted the looseblue frock of the Japanese sailor. For threeweeks the brave vessel bore them in safetythrough the dangerous seas of the Eastern,Archipelago. When, however, they were abouttwo hundred miles north-east of the Loo-chooIslands, they encountered a fearful storm.Still the little vessel rode bravely onwards,till they became lost in a fog so dense thatthe seamen could not see each other. Thisdid not continue long; and when it clearedoff, they saw at some little distance whatappeared to be the dismantled hulk ofa fishing-boat, struggling to keep headagainst the winds, which had now becomefi rious.:(306) 5

66 THE TERRIBLE TATSMAKI."A boat!" cried Toda. "They are pearlfishers.""A boat! let us rescue the poor fellows!'"echoed Mark, running to cut adrift the long-boat, which hung athwart the stern."It is useless in such a sea," said the cap-tain. Before, however, he could say more, afrown came across the face of the heavens in theshape of a dense cloud. The sea, as if in fearor anger, became violently agitated. Thewaves, like monsters fascinated by some ap-parition invisible to all but themselves, dartedfrom the four quarters of the compass as toone common centre; on reaching which, as ifthe sport of the same power, they becametransformed into a huge column of aqueousvapour, which whirled itself heavenwards, tillmeeting a descending column like itself, theybecame united, forming a crystal-like pillar,which reached from sky to sea, when thewinds became hushed, and with terrific gran-deur it glided across the waters in the direc-tion of the ship."The tatsmaki! the tatsmaki! The gun,the gun, or we are lost!" exclaimed Toda,glancing around him quickly.

RESCUE A FISHERMAN. 67"A waterspout! a waterspout !" said oneof the sailors, and in a second after the reportof a gun there was a vivid flash of light,which lit up the faces of the drowning crewof the fishing-boat, and a noise like therushing of a mighty cataract, or a great riverthat had burst its boundaries.The waterspout, so common in those seas,and which the Japanese believe to be a tats-maki,-that is, a spouting dragon, with a longwatery tail flying up into the air-having beendispersed, Toda and Mark let down the long-boat, jumped in, and quickly rowed to theassistance of the fishermen. Before, however,they could reach them, two of the crew hadsunk for the last time, the third was clingingto a floating spar: him they rescued and tookon board their vessel, when, not stopping tolisten to his thanks and lamentations,-thefirst for his own preservation and the latterfor the loss of his two sons, for the two menwhom the boys had seen go down were hischildren,-they hoisted him into a hammock.The next day they found themselves in sightof the Bonin Islands. There was almost adead calm, and our two boys were upon the4

68 A COUNCIL OF WAR.after part of the deck, seated Japan fashion,cross-legged upon mats, in close consultationwith the mate as to how they were to get toJapan without exciting the suspicion of theArgus-eyed guardians of its shores. Marksuggested that he should sail from the BoninIslands to the nearest port of the main island,Nipon, and, when just within sight of land,put them out in an open boat."Truly my brother is possessed with the foxwhich is leading him to his own destruction !"said Toda."So I should think; or mad, which is thesame thing in our language," said the mate."Well," said Mark, angrily, "what, praymay -be your plan, captain?"" Haven't quite got my ideas all taut on thesubject yet," replied the mate, scratching hishead thoughtfully, then adding, "you see I wasthinking that if we could only make believe youwere two heathen chaps whom I had picked upfrom a wreck as we did that fisherman-""Well," said Mark, impatiently."Well then, my lad, you see I might makeit a bargain with one of those pearl dealers toput you on shore somewhere."

HOW TO LAND IN JAPAN. 69" Impossible! we could not trust them," saidMark." The noble captain is right. It would benayboen; the pearl dealer would keep ournayboen, fearing that we should not keep his,"said Toda." Nayboen !" exclaimed the mate, " hisnayboen what have we to do with that ?""The unchangeable laws of the children ofthe sun goddess punish the smallest of provencrimes with death, even the telling of a lie.The Ziogoon, therefore, knowing that his chil-dren are but human, wisely commands hisgovernors and officers to close their eyes andears to all but proven offences-""And so act white lies," said the mate,interrupting the youth." Yes, that is nayboen," said Toda."But what, in the name of the Ziogoonhimself, can this have to do vgith us, Toda?"said Mark." Much, my brother," replied Toda, adding,"the men whe barter pearls at the BoninIsles are guilty of a grave offence against thelaws, and buy nayboen of the ottonas of theirvillages."4f

70 NAYBOEN FOR NAYBOEN." That is, bribe them not to take notice oftheir illegally long absence, noble Toda ?" saidthe mate.Answering in the affirmative, Toda added," Fearing, therefore, that we may not keep hisnayboen, the pearl seller will respect thenayboen of two unfortunate youths savedfrom a wreck by the noble captain, who willinsist that he shall take them back to theircountry."" But, noble Toda, these outlandish hea-then countrymen of yours are suspicious andmay-I --C"It is not so, noble captain," said Toda,interrupting the mate, adding, "the childrenof the sun goddess are taught to respect thenayboens of others, except when the necessityfor disclosing them is thrust upon them bysome officious person.""Ay, ay, noble youth, when they arepaid for it!" said the good-natured matelaughing.Before, however, they could say more, thefisherman, who had approached them unseen,fell upon the ground, caught the garments ofToday and Mark, and cried, "May the gods

GRATITUDE OF YANOSI. 71make the days of the brave youths long andfortunate !" adding, " the wretched Yanosi istheir slave for life."" Why, may I be shaved by Neptune if theman hasn't cut his tail off!" said the mate,laughing at the appearance of the fisherman'shead, which he had shaven bare out of gratitudefor his deliverance from so great a danger."Truly, so trifling a service merits not sogreat a payment; moreover, my brother andmyself are thankful that the gods have so,permitted us to show our gratitude for havingso recently sent the noble Hollander Capitanto rescue us from a similar fate with whichthou, our brother, wert threatened," said Toda,perceiving at a glance the fisherman's astonish-ment at finding two Japanese youths on boarda foreign ship."The life of Yanosi, though rendered worth-less by the unhappy fate of his two sons, is atthe service of the noble youths," replied the oldfisherman, while hot tears scalded his cheeks.Remaining silent for some minutes in sor-rowing sympathy with the old man, Toda thensaid, "Will the worthy and unfortunate fisher-man serve those who have saved his life ?"4

72 BOYS PASS AS SONS OF YANOSI." Let the noble youth pour his commandsinto the ears of his servant," said the fisher-man.The mate and Mark were all anxiety tohear the words of Toda, who replied,-" When the aged man passed the-guard-boats his junk contained himself and twosons."" Alas! alas !" cried the fisherman." Were their faces familiar to the sailors ofthe Ziogoon?"" Not so, noble youth.""This is well," said Toda, adding, "thenshall the worthy fisherman adopt my brotherand myself as his sons.""It is a strange wish for so noble a youth,nevertheless it is good that the life of the pre-served should be at the disposal of the pre-servers," said the fisherman."Capital!" exclaimed Mark; "for as thesons of this worthy man we shall surelyescape the vigilance of the crews of the guard-boats."" If we can persuade the pearl dealer tobelieve the tale, otherwise he will not dare togive you a passage," interposed the mate.

ARRIVE AT AND SAIL FROM BONIN ISLANDS. 73"Nayboen !" said Toda."Yes, secret for secret; the crime of tradingwith the foreigner at the Bonin Islands isgreater than being cast away at sea," saidMark.However, all surmises and doubts were setat rest upon their arrival at the Bonin Islands;for the mate treated so liberally with the firstpearl dealer he met with, that that worthy waseasily induced both to believe (or pretend tobelieve) that our heroes were the sons of thefisherman, with whom they had been cast awayat sea, and to readily offer them a passage toSatzuma.4*

74 A TEDIOUS VOYAGE.CHAPTER VIII.DANGER AHEAD-THE BOYS IN A TRAP.A FEW days after they reached the islands theboys took a hearty farewell of the mate andwent on board the junk; which, after thesailors had thrown overboard a cask of sackiand a number of coins as purchase-money tothe sea god for favourable weather, set sail forSatzuma.Although but a few hundred miles it wasa tedious voyage; for so averse are theJapanese authorities to the people leavingtheir own country, that by their order allships are constructed for the express purposeof going down should they venture far fromthe coast! Those mariners, indeed, who, likethe pearl dealer, are induced by the love ofmoney to brave the laws and risk their lives,keep as near as possible in-shore, within sightof light-houses, danger-signals, pilots, andharbours, where they can put in at the slightestsymptom of a storm.

A JAPANESE TRADING JUNK. 75Such being the case, you may imagine thatit was not without serious misgivings Markexamined the flimsy craft. Built of cedar-wood,about sixty feet long, she tapered from themiddle to the stem, with both ends of her keel.standing high out of the water, like a Romangalley. The deck was formed by a numberof pine boards so loosely thrown together thatthe sea ran between them. A large portionof what might be termed the main-deck wastaken up with a room, or hut, which wasdivided by folding screens into cabins, the oneroof of which formed an upper deck. Throughthis roof arose the mast, which, like those ofour own river steamboats, was made to riseand fall -at convenience. The ropes were oftwisted straw, and the one large hempen sailconstructed so that in wet weather it could beused as a house for the sailors. But the mostcurious, and also the most dangerous part ofthis queer vessel, was the large square stern,with an opening so wide and deep, that notonly -was the whole of the interior exposed toview, but the sea in rough weather could roll inits waves freely! From stem to stern galleriesprojected some three feet over her sides; and at4

76 JAPANESE SCENERY.her stern were outriggers for rowing in calmweather.It was in one of these galleries that theboys delighted to walk or sit, whiling awaythe time by conversing in low tones on thechances of the success of their enterprise. Atlength their tedious voyage promised to come toan end, for they were in sight of the snow-capped summit of the loftiest mountain inJapan,-the extinct volcano Foesi, which risesto a height of twelve thousand feet from thelevel of the sea,-and Mark became wrappedin admiration at the scene, as it broke uponhis vision like the rays of the sun at day-break. The whole line of coast lay stretchedbefore them, with nought but interveningrocks to break the view of high mountainpeaks, which rose above highly cultivated andterraced green hills; at the bases and sides ofwhich clustered, amidst noble cedars, in pic-turesque beauty and contrast, tall embattledcastles, isolated temples and palaces, with thoseroofs of burnished copper which Marco Polodescribed to be of gold. Then, as they ap-proached the land, they could see the greatgreen-foliaged parks of the nobles, with their

THE CAPTAIN GIVES HIS CREW A TREAT. 77adj oining plantations of magnificent fir, cedar, orpine trees, set, as they seemed to be, in boundlessfields of purple coloured barley and rice, yetsurrounded and intermixed with the lowlyhuts of the poorest labourers,--almost- incred-ible in so aristocratic and haughty a land.The sensations of Toda were of a less plea-sant nature; for he was returning to his mag-nificent Japan an outlaw,-alas perhaps anorphan; moreover, as they passed the guard-boats, merchant junks, and imperial vessels,which thronged the sea, he feared that eachmight contain an enemy, who, if he recognizedhim, could be the means of bringing his enter-prise to a premature end.One evening fearing, or, as it afterwardsproved, pretending to fear, a coming storm, thecaptain ordered the junk to be brought to ananchor; and strangely, at least the boys thoughtso, gave the crew license- to indulge in sackidrinking and tobacco smoking.To avoid meeting the revellers, Toda andMark took up their usual position in one ofthe galleries. They had not, however, beenthere long when the fisherman, with downcasteyes, and his finger upon his lips to betoken4

78 YANOSI BRINGS STRANGE NEWS.silence, crept softly to Toda, and placing a slipof straw paper in his hand, instantly with-drew."Let the noble youths seek their owncabin," read Toda; adding, as he prepared tocomply, "Truly the man is either haunted bythe fox, or some misfortune is about to fallupon us, my brother."Entering the cabin they found the fisher-man peeping through. crevices in the partitionscreen, as if to see whether any person werehidden behind; when, however, he saw theboys, to their great astonishment he fell uponhis knees, crying, "Let the brave youths takethe worthless life of Yanosi, for he has de-stroyed his benefactors."" How ? Is it possible that on earth a mancan be found so ungrateful?" said Toda, whobegan to fear treachery."Truly I am inclined to take thee at thyword," said Mark, clutching the fishermanby the throat, and whom he would probablyhave choked but for Toda, who said, "This isnot well, my brother; for we know neither thecause nor the extent of the misfortune thatthreatens us."

TREACHERY AHEAD. 79"It is the fate, not the will of thy unhappyservant, that has brought forth this evil," saidthe man, adding, " for it has been the will ofthe gods to place on board this ship a sailorwhose eye-balls have often rested upon theform of his real sons."" The punishment is severe for those unfor-tunates who suffer themselves to be rescuedeven from death by foreigners; but that weare such will never be known; for surely thismiserable sailor, who has earned death by hisvoyage to the Bonin Islands, will for his ownsake keep our nayboen," replied Toda, coolly."0 sama! sama! he has between his lipsa nayboen which, if disclosed, will not onlyearn him his own pardon for trading in theBonin Isles, but a reward in coins," repliedthe fisherman disconsolately."What words are these? 0 foolish man'!art thou so full of sacki, or the demon fox,that thou callest a poor shipwrecked scholarby so honourable a title ?" said Toda, nowfearing he had been recognized."Open thy lips and tell us the worst, thoufoolish coward!" said Mark, shaking the fisher-man by the arm.4

80 TODAY'S DISGUISE PENETRATED." Hush!" said the man, first looking around,then saying in a whisper, " the sailor is fromNangasaki.""It is a prosperous city, and well governed,"said Toda, evasively." It is, 0 sama! but by the enemy whobrought to death the great Lord Yammasiro,and who now offers a heavy weight of goldand a high place for the discovery of his son,the young Chadamodo Toda Sofats," replied thefisherman, greatly to the horror of Mark; who,catching hold of him, exclaimed, "We arebetrayed, my brother let us throw this rogueinto the sea.""Not so, my brother; it would be both un-wise and useless," said Toda; saying sternlyto the fisherman, "Hast thou betrayed me fora paltry reward, thou miserable dog ?""It is not so ; for thy servant would readilygive back to the noble youth the life he saved,if it would save him," said the man; adding," when you first put foot on board this junk thisdog of a sailor recognized in you the interpreterHans, and from that minute determined to earnthe offered reward; but for fear you might per-form the hara-kiri he kept close his lips till yes-

THE TREACHEROUS SHIP-MASTER. 81terday, when I overheard him planning withthe captain, who is. to share the reward, toenter your cabin this night, place a gag inyour mouth, bind your arms, and hoist youinto the boat, which is even now lowered inreadiness to take you to the nearest point ofSatzuma."" The rogue! then this is the reason wehave come to an anchor so near the place ofour destination," said Mark." It is, 0 sama! and the crew will be al-lowed to drink sacki till they are too insensibleto notice the occupation of the captain and soclaim a share of the reward," replied the man;adding quickly, as he saw the captain enteringthe cabin, "let the noble sama be on hisguard, and his servant will take sacki with thesailors till the time approaches."When the fisherman withdrew, the masterof the junk, as was his custom of an evening,entered the cabin; and though the boyslonged to toss the hypocritical rogue overboard,they chatted with him, as had been their cus-tom. during the voyage. When, however, thetime for parting came, and with soft and oilycompliments he bade them good night and(306) 6

82 TODA POINTS A MORAL.left the cabin, Mark shook his fist, exclaiming,"0 thou rogue! little did I know till now howdifficult it was to keep a calm temper in astormy mind."" It is action prompt and wise, not- windywords that conquer difficulties, my brother,"said Toda calmly." How, O brother, is it possible you cankeep your temper with such a rogue as that ?"said Mark." In danger, what we lose in temper isadded to our risk. We are in a storm, mybrother, and words should follow action, asthunder by following lightning proclaims thedanger over," said Toda; adding, "let usnow prepare for coming events!""A draught of this sacki will give usstrength," said Mark, taking from the floor acup of that beverage." Trust it not !" said Toda, but so significantlythat Mark, fearing it might be poisoned, threwit out of the cabin window into the sea.

THE CONSPIRATORS OVERHEARD. 83CHAPTER IX.THE BOYS ESCAPE, AND THE ROGUES ARE CAUGHTIN THEIR OWN NET.THE vessel once moored within one of thenumerous harbours which stud the coast andislands of Japan, the captain, who had pre-viously drugged their sacki, could with safetyorder to their sleeping mats the whole of thecrew but one, who would be required for thenight-watch. That one, I need scarcely tellyou, was the sailor who had recognized Toda,and whom the boys, as they lay upon theirmats in pretended sleep, could hear pacingthe deck.About an hour afterwards, when all hadbecome quiet on board, they heard anotherstep in addition to that of the night-watch,and could distinguish the, ow tones of twomen in a whispered conversation."The rogues are talking together," whis-pered Mark." Hush, brother, they come this way!" re-plied Toda; and in another minute the cabin4<

84 THE BOYS PREPARE TOdoor opened. In fearful anxiety the boys laystill as death. The captain crept softly in,and having held his lantern over their headsto satisfy himself they were asleep, withdrew,when they heard him say, " The hour is for-tunate; is the boat ready?"" It is; but how is it possible to secure theyoung Chadamodo without awakening theHollander dog?" said the other." He will not open his eyes for days; hissacki was doubly drugged." So saying, thecaptain moved forward, followed by his part-ner, leaving Mark in a cold sweat, to thinkthat but for the precaution of Toda he wouldhave been lost." Your wisdom saved me, Toda," said he."Hush, brother! what's that?" said theyoung Japanese; and seeing the cabin dooragain open, for one moment both gave them-selves up for lost. The next, however, theywere delighted to see the fisherman enterupon his knees with a long glittering knifebetween his teeth! Crawling up to them, hesaid, "The life of the young Hollander is inhis own hands, to preserve or throw away ashe will."

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CHECKMATE A COUPLE OF ROGUES. 85" No difficulty about the'choice!" said Mark." Hush !" replied the fisherman, putting ashort sword in Mark's hand, adding, "takethis; they will be back in a moment, and ifthe young Hollander would be saved he muststill pretend to sleep, while the rogues takeaway his brother.""Rascal!" cried Mark, indignant at thenotion of deserting his friend.The fisherman, however, left the cabin soquickly he could not have heard the reply;and Toda said, " Lie down, my brother,they come; but for our lives obey, and weshall escape." Then in a whisper he added," My brother can swim; therefore when therogues have taken me into the boat let himwatch his opportunity, to follow-but hush !"and in another minute they were both insimulated slumber with the captain and hisconfederate standing by them, the latter withhis naked sword near Mark." The sacki was well drugged, and the godsare beneficent," said the captain, as he bound arope of twisted straw around the apparentlylifeless form of Toda.Having thus secured the youth, the two

86 THE SHIP-MASTER'S CHAGRIN.rogues carried him to the opening at the sternof the vessel, followed by Mark, who, as henoiselessly crept upon hands and knees withthe sword between his teeth, could see, by theglimmering light of a lantern, that the sailorplaced a long board from the junk into a boat.What was to follow? Mark was all impatience.Why, the sailor sat upon the board, caughthold of Toda's legs, and slid down the boardpulling the boy after him. And no sooner werethey in the boat than the delighted captainexclaimed, "Truly will I offer money andsacki to the gods for their benevolence ingranting me so great a success; for knowingnothing of this affair, not one of the dogs ofsailors can claim a share of the reward."At that instant, however, Mark heard agroan, a fall, and the voice of Toda exclaim-ing, " Let my brother follow !""A-ha the Hollander dog is safe, and soart thou now, thou rebel rat!" said the cap-tain, holding a lantern in such a positionthat it threw its light upon the interiorof the boat. The view that presented itselfsoon changed his delight into chagrin; forthere lay his confederate at the bottom, with

THE BOYS ESCAPE FROM HIS CLUTCHES. 87Toda, whose arms had been freed from thecord, standing over him sword in hand; whilethe fisherman, who had already gagged, wasbinding the arms of the rogue! As for theastonished captain, before that worthy could re-cover from his surprise, the lantern was dashedfrom his hand, a gag was in his mouth, andhis arms, legs, and body bound round with arope, which was secured to the uppermostpoint of the keel! while Mark, who had soquickly performed all this, had slid into theboat, which, with the greatest rapidity, theyoung heroes rowed from the ship, leaving tothe fisherman the duty of keeping watch andward over the treacherous sailor, whose sur-prise at the turn matters had taken it wouldbe difficult for me to describe.4

88 A SUCCESSFUL VOYAGE.CHAPTER X.THE ISLAND OF DEVILS-A TROUBLESOME PRISONER.WITH mouth gagged, arms secured behind, hislegs over his shoulders and fastened behindhis head, indeed bearing no very distant re-semblance to a trussed fowl, the prisoner wastumbled into a large well-hole in the middleof the boat, as if he had been a bundle ofsoiled merchandise; and the fisherman havingtaken charge of the rudder, the boys worked atthe poles for dear life's sake, forgetting, how-ever, in their joy at having outwitted theirenemies and escaped from so great a danger,that they had, very possibly, jumped from thefrying-pan into the fire.As, however, their great object was to get asfar as possible from the ship before the crewcould become aware of their captain's miserableplight, they continued their exertions till day-break; when, although they had the satisfac-tion of finding themselves out of sight of thejunk, they trembled a little at perceiving they

REACH ISLAND OF DEVILS. 89had passed through a deep gulf bounded byhuge rocks almost into one of the most dan-gerous of the many whirlpools upon the coast;but then they had youth, health, strength,and, moreover, lives to save; so, by obeyingthe instructions of the fisherman, who, if notborn, had been trained upon those seas, theyat length found themselves within a shortdistance of a small rocky island, from thecentre of which rose a mountain, from whosewhite summit they could perceive a densesulphureous smoke ascending. " Bah! I analmost choked," said Mark, resting upon hispole and coughing till his eyes almost startedfrom his head; for the wind had changedsuddenly, filling his mouth and lungs withthe sulphuretted smoke."It is Ivogesima," said Toda."It is a fortunate hour; for on that islandwe may hide till the darkness of night willenable us again to put to sea, and reach themainland without being seen by the guard-boats," said the fisherman." Look! remove the gag from the man'smouth or he will be suffocated," exclaimedMark, pointing to the prisoner; who, appar-4<

90 MARK WANTS TO RELEASE THE PRISONER.ently seized with, a sudden paroxysm of fear,was making such desperate efforts to removethe gag, that his eyes became bloodshot andhis cheeks inflated nearly to bursting withthe fruitless exertion."Truly it would save us a difficulty if therogue were dead," said Toda, with the revenge-ful feelings natural to a Japanese." My brother, this is inhuman, it must notbe," replied Mark, making a movement as ifto relieve the prisoner." Would the young Hollander bring de-struction upon us by letting the rogue havehis tongue ?" said the fisherman, taking holdof the boy's arm."Let my brother use his eyes," said Toda,pointing to what appeared but little morethan dark specks upon the distant waters, " andhe will think well before' he gives the dog achance of bringing yonder guard-boats uponus." And when Mark saw that before longthose specks might be within hearing of a man'svoice, he not only submitted, but, like Toda,toiled so hard at his pole that in a shorttime, by aid of the fisherman's able steering,the little craft had turned round a jutting rock

AN EXPEDITION DETERMINED ON. 91and entered a narrow and shallow gulf, throughwhich they rowed at least a mile inland, tillthey arrived at a safe landing-place."Here we shall be at least safe till night-fall enables us to reach Satzuma," said Toda."It is a fearful place," said Mark, as helooked around, and, with the exception of afew stunted and withered trees, could see no-thing but a dreary and blackened shore, fromwhich there seemed to arise a lurid and burn-ing smoke, which, mingling with the air, almoststifled him."We shall be suffocated. Let us seek acold spring, my brother," said Toda, taking awater cask and rising from his seat." Stay, noble youth, this may not be, unlessthy servant guides thee among the boilingsprings and chasms," said the fisherman."How? we may not leave this rogue alone,"said Toda, pointing to the prisoner, whose fearsseemed but to have increased the nearer theyhad approached the island."Let us carry the rogue ashore and placehim in a cavern till we return to the boat,"said Mark."The young Hollander's suggestion is wise;

92 NEWS OF CAPTAIN RAFFLES.but truly it would be well to leave the rat onthe island altogether, as it would relieve us ofa difficulty," said the fisherman.As if, however, the last proposal had lentassistance to the struggles of the prisoner, heejected the gag from his mouth, and screamedaloud, "It is the Island of Devils, where noman may live! take the worthless life of thyslave, but O give him not alive to thedemons !""Silence, thou miserable coward !" said thefisherman, as he proceeded to replace the gag."The young Hollander has lost a father,"said the man."What know you of the noble Captain ?"exclaimed the astonished Toda."Speak, rascal !" said Toda, holding hisshoulders as if he would shake the words outof him." Let the brave youths promise not to leavetheir slave among these devils, and he willopen his lips.""We promise !" said both, almost in onebreath."The brave youths will not devour theirown. words ?" said the man, doubtingly.

PRISONER A DUTCH TRAITOR. 93"Open thy lips to the purpose, thou dog !"said Toda."The Hollander Captain is alive, and in theprison at Nangasaki," was the reply; and theboys, notwithstanding their dangerous situa-tion, felt the first happy moment since theirdeparture from Batavia."Know you more ?" said Mark." Less than nothing, sama."" Let my brother have patience," said Toda;then looking the man full in the face for aminute, he said, "Thou dog! thou rat! whoart thou, that speakest the language of thesun goddess with the tongue of a Hollander ?"In an instant the mate's story occurred toMark, who exclaimed, "This is the rogue whohas been the cause of all our misfortunes! Itis the traitor Dirk Jansen !""The gods, then, have thrown the rogue inour way that we may destroy him like a rat!"said Toda; who there and then would havetossed the sailor into the sea but for the inter-position of the generous Mark, who said,-"Does my brother forget the faith he pro-fesses to love, that he would himself commitso heinous a crime?"

94 PRISONER'S ACCOUNT OF HIMSELF.And the better feelings of Toda's naturewrestled hard with the revengeful feelings in-herent in all Japanese, till, shaking Mark'shand, he said bitterly, "It is against naturenot to slay the destroyer of one's parents; butthou art right, my brother; Toda has forgottenboth his God and himself."Then questioning the sailor as to how hehad chanced to pass himself off as a Japaneseseaman, they learned that after a long confine-ment he had escaped from prison, and fallingin with the captain of the merchant junk, thelatter, knowing he had passed so many yearsof his life in trading with the Japanese islands,and believing that he would be useful to him,took him on board his junk.Having recommended the fisherman to seethat the prisoner did not burst his bonds, theboys then, taking with them the water cask,proceeded alone in search of a cold spring.They had not gone far before they found thefisherman had not exaggerated the amount ofdifficulty; for as they went inland the smokebecame thicker and the sulphureous scentstronger; the very ground burned, so thatthey could not remain long upon one spot;