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ROUTLEDGE'SSCRIPTURE GIFT-BOOK,CONTAININGALPHABET OF THE OLD TESTAMENT,ALPHABET OF THE NEW TESTAMENT,HISTORY OF JOSEPH,HISTORY OF MOSES.WITH NINETY-SIX ILLUSTRATIONS,PRINTED IN COLOURS BY LEIGHTON.LONDON:GEORGE ROUTLEDGE & SONS,THE BROADWAY, LUDGATE;NEW YORK: 416, BROOME STREET.
CONT-ENTS.ALPHABET OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.ALPHABET OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.HISTORY OF JOSEPH.HISTORY OF MOSES.
ALPHABETOFTHE OLD TESTAMENT.
A ARON, the High Priest of the Jews, within theTemple pray'dAnd offer'd sacrifices, which were on the altar laid.- ALAAM the Prophet, on an ass, a visit wentto payTo Balak: but an Angel stood to meet him on the way.CBAIN, the first son of Adam, full of jealousy andpride,Fiercely kill'd his brother Abel, and was wretched tillhe died.D ANIEL, faithful, brave, and pious, was shut inthe lions' denBy the heathen King Darius, but came safely outagain;For God, who made the Lions, watches over righteousmen.
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E LIJAH, when he hid himself, had nothing leftto eat,But the Lord's ravens daily brought the Prophet breadand meat.F INDING the infant Moses: who, left at the river'sside,Was lying in a little ark, with fresh bulrushes tied;-Great Pharaoh's daughter pitied as the child look'd upand cried.G OLIATH, of the Philistines the leader and thepride,Came forth and laugh'd, while all the host of Israel hedefied;But David with a sling and stone so smote him thathe died.HAGAR and ISHMAEL her son, out tothe Desert fled,With water in a bottle, and a little loaf of bread.But, when they both had call'd to God, in safety theywere led.
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JOB suffer'd many sorrows, but was patient to the end,Knowing in all his troubles that the Lord was still hisfriend.KING DAVID, once a shepherd boy, toIsrael's throne was raised,And, singing to his harp, in sweetest Psalms he pray'dand praised.L OT, with his wife and daughters, left the Cities ofthe Plain,Which for their wickedness God smote with storms offiery rain;But Lot's wife was destroy'd, because she would look backagain.SIl IRIAM the Prophetess was Aaron's sister:sheLed forth the Jewish women who escaped from the RedSea,And danced and sang for joy that all her nation was setfree.
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N1 OA- alone of all the people hated evil and lovedgood,And when the earth was drown'd by rain from heavenin a flood,God taught him how to build a ship, or ark, of gopherwood.O BADIAH sought from wicked men Elijah'slife to save,It was he who fed and hid a hundred prophets in a cave.P HARAOH the King of Egypt would not letGod's people go,But made them slaves, till Moses wrought strange miracles,to showThat even Kings who disobey will suffer pain and woe.QUEEN OF SHEBA. You have heardhow she from her own country came,And brought rich gifts to Solomon, whose wisdom, skill, andfameCaused Kings and Princes to bow down in homage to hisname.
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R -UTH- was the youthful Widow, of the tender,loving heart,Who refused, in spite of poverty, from Naomi to part.SAMSON, the man of mighty strength, who blindand captive layWithin a house, in which his foes had come to drink andplay,Pull'd down the pillars, and the house fell on them allthat day.TUBAL CAIN was first of workmen whofor useful metals sought,And brass and iron into shape at the smith's anvil wrought.V ASHTI, the Queen, refused to go at her proudKing's command,And so was sent away, while Esther sat at his right hand.
-WV IDO WED and poor and hungry, the womanwas who fedElijah, Prophet of the Lord, with a small cake ofbread,But God return'd a hundredfold, and kept her tablespread.X is the letter which is used to show the numberTen.And Ten Commandments Moses gave from God to sinfulmen.LYOUTNG JOASH, when a little child, washidden from the sightOf those who sought to slay him, and was kept both dayand night,Till priests and captains claim'd for him his own truekingly right.Z EDEKIAH, King of Judah, lived to see hissons both slain,Then blind and captive went away, never to see again.For he led an evil life, which brings both misery and pain.
ALPHABETOFTHE NEW TESTAMENT.
A ABUS took Paul's girdle, and bound both hishands and feet,And said, " Thus will the Jews the owner of this girdle treat,If to Jerusalem he goes, the brethren to meet."BLIND BARTIMJEUS sat and begged,beside the great highway;But when he heard that Christ was come, he cried aloudto say,"Thou son of David hear me !" The Lord gave him sightthat day.C ORNELIUS, the Centurion, was in a visiontoldTo send for Peter, who would all the truth of God unfold.D ORCAS spent time in charity, the poor andhungry fed,Made clothing for the orphans, and gave the widows bread.
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E LYMAS, who with wicked words the Apostleswould withstand,Was struck with blindness, and ask'd who would lead himby the hand.F ELIX, the Roman Governor, before whom Paulwas brought,Trembled to hear the holy truth that the Apostle taught.GOOD SAMARITAN indeed was he, whostopped upon his way,To help the wounded traveller, who bruised and senselesslay;Then gently took him to an inn, and his account wouldpay.HERODIAS, whose DAUGHTER danced beforethat evil King,Herod the Tetrarch, who had sworn to grant her anything,Demanded that John Baptist's head they in a dish shouldbring.
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J I DAS, who for the money, which the priests agreedto pay,With a false kiss betray'd his Lord, and kill'd himself nextday.KING HEROD, when he heard that Christwas born on earth to reignIn Bethlehem, sent forth, and had the little children slain.L AZATRUS sat and begged for bread before therich man's door;And there the dogs came round and lick'd his limbs soweak and sore.But when he died, he found that God would heal himevermore.YMARY MAGDALENE stoop'd andpour'd upon the Saviour's feet,From a box of alabaster, precious ointment fresh andsweet.
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N ICODE TMUS, Ruler of the Jews, to Jesus cameby night,To listen to the blessed words that fill'd his soul with light.O NESIM-US was he who came from Paul toPhilemon;The great Apostle wrote to say he loved him as a son.P AJUL, wreck'd upon a foreign coast and in a savageland,Lighted a fire, when suddenly there fasten'd on his handA viper; yet the people there unhurt did see him stand.QUEEN BERNICE with King Agrippacame to Caesarea,And there, within the judgment hall, they sent for Paul,to hearThe things which that Apostle taught without a signof fear.
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JiLHODA, who stood and listen'd to the, knockingat the gate,Knew the Apostle Peter's voice; but left him there to wait,While joyfully she told, that he'd escaped from Herod'shate.SIMEON, a holy man, who pray'd and waited forGod's grace,Was told that he should live to see the Saviour of his race:How joyfully he look'd upon the infant Jesus' face.T ERTUTLLUS was the orator, who beforeFelix soughtThe life of Paul, and urged that he should be to judgmentbrought.V IRGIN most pure and holy was the mother ofour Lord,And in that manger lowly Kings and Wise Men adoredThe Christ, who came that sinful man to God should berestored.
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WOMAN OF SAMARIA was she whoat the wellListen'd with wonder to the things that Jesus had to tell.X is a cross, and by the cross our blessed Saviourdied.That we might come to God and live, our life He sanctified.*Y OOUNG, good, and wealthy was a man who camethe Lord to see,And asked, "What shall I do that I in Heaven may livewith Thee?"Then Christ, who loved him, said:-" Leave all, and comeand follow me."Z ACCCHL IUS was the publican who, running onbeforeThat he might look on Jesus, climb'd up a sycamore.
HISTORY OF JOSEPH.
THEHISTORY OF JOSEPH.A FTER the death of Rachel, the mother of Joseph and Benjamin, Jacob wentto live in the land of Canaan, where he had fields and flocks of sheep, andhis sons were shepherds and husbandmen, living together in one family.At this time Joseph was a lad of seventeen years old, and much younger thanany of his eleven brethren except Benjamin. Jacob loved Joseph more than allthe rest of his children ; and the brothers of Joseph were jealous, so that when Jacobone day gave Joseph a new coat of many colours and better than the coats whichthey were wearing, they were quite angry that he should be their father's favourite.But they were still more angry because Joseph dreamed that he should be agreater man than they; AND HE CAME AND TOLD HIS DREAMS TO HIS FATHER, andhis father and his brethren were angry.Some time after this, the other sons of Jacob went with their flocks to a placecalled Dothan, and as their father wished to know if they were well and safe, hesent Joseph to seek them. They saw him coming, and some of them. said that thiswould be the time to get rid of the dreamer, who was to be a great man, andthat they could easily kill him and tell their father that he had been eaten by somewild beasts; but the eldest brother, REUBEN, WOULD NOT HEAR OF IT, ANDPERSUADED THEM NOT TO KILL JOSEPH, but to put him down into some deepcavern, or pit, in the wilderness and there leave him. Reuben said this becausehe meant to go back and take him out when the rest had left the place. SoTHEY CAST JOSEPH INTO A PIT, and then sat down to eat their food.But, while they were eating, there came in sight a company of Ishmaeliteswith their camels, who were taking spices and perfumes to Egypt, and Judah saidto the other brothers, " Let us sell Joseph to these Ishmaelites, for he is our brotherafter all;" and they drew Joseph up out of the pit and SOLD HIM FOR THIRTYPIECES OF SILVER to these people, who took him off with them to Egypt as a slave.
The History of Joseph.RETTBEN COULD NOT FIND JOSEPH IN THE PIT when he returned, and aftercalling and seeking for him, he grew very sorry for his younger brother, and wentback to the others and asked what should be done, now that Joseph was nowhereto be found, for Reuben loved Joseph more than some of the others did, and hewas afraid that when poor old Jacob heard of his young son's death, he would alsodie of grief.Then the brethren of Joseph, who had sold him to the Ishmaelites, had toconsider what they should say to their father, for a wicked act almost always endsin a wicked lie, by which people try to deny or excuse their sin. The coat of manycolours with which poor Joseph had been so pleased, had been taken from himbefore he was cast into the pit, and now his cruel brothers thought that they couldmake that help to deceive their father, so they killed a young goat and sprinkledthe coat with its blood, and then TOOK THE COAT TO JACOB and said, "We havefound this coat, you will know perhaps whether it is Joseph's coat or not." Thisdid not look like a lie, but it was a lie all the same, because it was intended todeceive poor Jacob, who when he looked at the coat that he had made for hisbeloved son and saw the blood upon it, said, " It is Joseph's coat, and doubtlesssome evil beast has devoured him." This was just what the brothers had expected,for they had sprinkled the coat with blood on purpose that their father mightthink Joseph had been killed by a wild beast; and they dared not confess that theyhad sold him for a slave. Then Jacob mourned for many days, and his sons anddaughters could not comfort him, because he thought Joseph was dead.He was not dead, but had been taken to Egypt where THE MIDIANITES SOLDHIM TO POTIPHAR, who was an Officer and a Captain of the Guard to Pharaoh theKing; and he became a servant in the house of this great man. Now Joseph in allhis trouble, and even when he was sold into slavery, did not forget that he couldpray to God, and that God would help him at the proper time, and it was just whenhe seemed to be worst off that the help came, for all that he did was done sohonestly and so well, and the Lord made his work so prosperous, that the Egyptiansoon found out what a valuable servant he had bought, and trusted everythingto him, so that Joseph was no longer a poor slave, but the ruler of his master'shouse, and POTIPHAR GAVE HIM AUTHORITY OVER ALL THAT HE HAD, and he was thechief of all the servants while his master was away.The wife of Potiphar was a bad and deceitful woman, and whenever herhusband was away from home she wished for Joseph's .company, but Joseph wouldnever stay in the part of the house that she lived in, and he knew that it was hisduty not to visit her, so he refused. She was angry at this, and one day whenJoseph was passing her door she caught him by the coat, and tried to stop him; buthe went on his way, and his loose coat or mantle came off in her hand. When her2
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The listory of Joseph.husband Potiphar came home SHE SHOWED HIM THE COAT, and said that Josephhad insisted on visiting her.Potiphar was very angry at this, and shut up Joseph in prison; but even inprison his conduct was so good that the gaoler left him to take care of theother prisoners. Amongst these prisoners were the chief baker and the chief butlerof Pharaoh the King, who had offended their royal master, and had been sent togaol. Joseph became very friendly with these men, and one morning when hewent to visit them and saw that they both looked very sad, he asked them whatwas the matter, and they told him that they had each dreamed a strange dreamand were troubled, because they did not know what the dreams meant.It seems that in those early days God sometimes made known in dreams whatwould happen, and Joseph, who had been called "a dreamer of dreams" by hisbrethren, was taught by God so that HE EXPLAINED THE MEANING OF THEIR DREAMSTO THE CHIEF BAKER AND THE CHIEF BUTLER OF PHARAOH.The meaning of them was that the Butler should be taken into the King'sservice and favour again, but that the Baker should be hanged upon a tree, and ithappened just as Joseph told them, for in three days the Baker was dead, whilethe Butler was handing the wine cups to Pharaoh at a great feast. Two years afterthis, while Joseph was still in prison, Pharaoh himself dreamed two dreams, whichmade him very uneasy, for he felt that they had some hidden meaning, and couldnot find out what it was. He sent for all the wise men and soothsayers in Egypt,and told them his dreams; but they could not understand them. Then the butlerwho had forgotten poor Joseph all this time, remembered how he had interpretedhis dream in prison, and he told Pharaoh all about it, and THE KING IMMEDIATELYSENT TO THE PRISON AND HAD JOSEPH BROUGHT BEFORE HIM. Pharaoh toldJoseph how he dreamed first that he had seen seven lean kine eat up seven fatkine, and afterwards that seven thin ears of corn had eaten up seven full ears.When Joseph heard this he told Pharaoh that there would be seven years of greatplenty in Egypt, when the meadows should be full of cattle and the granaries fullof corn; but that afterwards there should be seven years of famine, when therewould be few cattle and little corn. And Joseph advised the King to choose somewise and honest man among his officers to lay up a great store of food in the yearsof plenty that there might be enough for the people in the years of famine.Now King Pharaoh was wise himself, and seeing that Joseph also was wise andthat God was with him to teach him what to say and to do, he set Joseph overhis household, and placed a ring on his hand and a chain on his neck, and clothedhim in fine linen, and MADE HIM RIDE IN HIS SECOND CHARIOT. And Josephbecame the Ruler of Egypt.3
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The History of Joseph.He lost no time in gathering the food into the storehouses ready for the daysof famine ; and when there was no corn anywhere else in the countries round about,there was, plenty in Egypt, so that people went there to buy of Pharaoh, andPharaoh sent them to Joseph.All this time Jacob had heard nothing of Joseph, whom he believed to bedead; but there was little corn in the place where Jacob lived, for the famine hadreached it, so that they were likely to be in want, and when he heard that therewas corn in Egypt he sent his sons there to buy food. Ten of Joseph's brethrenwent down to Egypt; but Benjamin, who was the youngest of all-and youngerthan Joseph-stayed behind with his father.When the ten brothers came from Canaan to Egypt they were sent to Joseph,who knew at once who they were though they did not know him, AND THEY BOWEDDOWN BEFORE HIM. But he spoke roughly to them, and pretended to think that theywere spies; and when they declared that they were not, and told him who theywere, he would not let them go unless they sent for their younger brother Benjamin;but at last he consented that they should take back their sacks full of corn; and ONEOF THEM REMAINED AS A PRISONER until the rest should bring back Benjamin withthem. Then they were all uneasy, and said one to another that this had come uponthem because of their cruelty to Joseph; but they did not know that Joseph wasstanding there before them, and could understand all that they talked about.When they had gone some distance on their journey, one of the brothers had toopen his sack of corn to give some food to the ass which carried it, and, tied in themouth of the sack, he found all the money which he had paid for the corn. Thenthe others were afraid, and opened their sacks, and each of them FOUND MONEY INTHE MOUTH OF THE SACK tied up exactly in the same way.When Jacob saw this, and they told him what had been done by the manwho was the ruler of Egypt, and how he had sent them back for Benjamin,he was very much afraid, saying that he should lose Benjamin as he hadlost Joseph, and that for all he knew he had lost Simeon, who had been left behindin prison. At last, however, they wanted more corn, and Jacob agreed thatBenjamin should go. So they all set out once more, taking with them the money forthe corn that they wanted, as well as the money which had been found in the sacks.-And when Joseph saw them coming and Benjamin with them, he had a feastprepared for them, and when they told him of the money they had found, he saidthat it was a gift. Then he asked them about their father, and they told him, andbrought Benjamin to him; and when Joseph saw Benjamin-his own youngerbrother, and the child of the same mother-HE WENT INTO AN INNER CHAMBERAND WEPT.4
The History of Joseph."When the time came for the brethren of Joseph to go home, he called to hissteward and told him to put the money in their sacks again, as he had done on theirfirst visit; and to put his silver cup in Benjamin's sack along with the money.This was done, and when they had started on their journey and were some distanceoff, he sent a messenger after them who accused them of having his lord's cup withthem. They were ashamed that they should be thought guilty of stealing the cup,and said that if the cup was found upon one of them he should die, and they wouldbecome the bondsmen or slaves of the ruler of Egypt. Then the messenger saidthat whoever among them had the cup should be his master's bondsman; and theyall emptied their sacks, and THE CUP WAS FOUND IN BENJAMIN'S SACK, whereJoseph had had it placed, on purpose that he might keep his younger brothernear him.When the brethren saw the cup in Benjamin's sack they rent their clothes andwept, and went back to the city and entreated Joseph to believe their innocence,and told him all about their father, and how he had feared to let Benjamin go; andJUDAH ASKED HIM TO LET HIM REMAIN AS A SLAVE IN THE PLACE OF BENJAMIN,lest their father should die of grief when he saw them go back without hisyoungest son. It was this very brother, Judah, who had advised the others to takeJoseph out of the pit and sell him to the Midianites so many years before; and heremembered the grief and pain of poor Jacob when he saw his dear son's coat allstained with blood. He knew, too, that Jacob still grieved for the death of Joseph,and that the loss of Benjamin would kill him, and so he begged very hard that hemight remain instead of Benjamin, even though he might never return to see hisfather again.Then Joseph could refrain no longer, but MADE HIMSELF KNOWN TO HIS"BRETHREN, and they wept together for joy; and Joseph gave his brothers changes ofclothes, and waggons, and money, and other things, and sent them away that theymight bring his father back to him into Egypt. Jacob, when he heard that the rulerof Egypt was his own dear son, rose up and prepared for the journey, and when allwas ready he and all his household and his sons and their wives and children, aboutseventy people, set out with all their flocks, and herds, and provisions. Joseph, whenhe heard that they were coming, made ready his chariot and WENT OUT TO MEETHIS FATHER; and when he saw his father coming he forgot all the long years thathe had been away from him, and cared very little for all the honour and richesthat had been his in the land of Egypt, and he leaped down from the chariot inwhich he sat, and ran to meet his father, and to take him in his arms; and Jacob,who was now an old man, rejoiced that he had seen his son again.Then Joseph prepared to return, and would not hear of his father or hisbrethren leaving him, for he was able to provide for them, and to give them land5
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The History ,of Joseph.and a place to dwell in, and room for all their flocks and herds. So HE TOOK HISFATHER TO PHARAOH the King, and the King was kind to Joseph's kindred, and gavethem possessions in the land of Egypt, and they prospered very greatly.At length a message came to tell Joseph that his father was sick, and Josephtook his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, and went to see Jacob to ask him tobless the two boys before he died. Now Jacob's eyes were dim, so that he couldnot see; but when Joseph brought Manasseh to his right hand and Ephraim to hisleft hand, Jacob crossed his hands so that he might LAY HIS RIGHT HAND ON THEHEAD OF EPHRAIM, for he knew that Ephraim would be the greatest. Soon afterthis JACOB CALLED ALL HIS SONS TO HIS BEDSIDE, and spoke to them, and toldthem of some things that should happen to them and to their children; and whenhe had prayed for them he died, and was taken to his fathers, and his sons buriedhim in a sepulchre which had been dug for him in the land of Canaan, so thatIsrael lay with his fathers in the grave which had been made for them in thecountry that the Lord afterwards gave to the people of their children's children.And when Joseph's brethren returned from burying their father they thoughtthat Joseph would hate them for what they had done to him years before;. butJoseph sent for them, and when THEY KNELT BEFORE HIM he raised them up andforgave them, and spoke kindly to them; and while he lived he took care not onlyof them, but of their children, and they dwelt with him in Egypt.6
HISTORY OF MOSES.
THE HISTORY OF MOSES,THE LAWGIVER.JOSEPH, when he became governor in the land of Egypt, where he was a friendof King Pharaoh, sent for his brothers and their children to dwell with him.After Joseph's death these people grew in numbers and prosperity, and whenanother King Pharaoh, who knew nothing about Joseph, came to the throne, hewas afraid that the children of Israel would grow too powerful, and so he madeslaves of them, and set them to work in brickfields, and to build his cities, and puttaskmasters over them, who treated them very cruelly. But the worse they weretreated the greater became their numbers, so that this King Pharaoh ordered hisservants to kill every male child that was born among them.Now there was a woman of the family of Levi who, when she heard of thiscruel order, hid her little baby son, and she made a little ARK OR CRADLE OFBULRUSHES, and smeared it outside with clay and pitch, so that it would keep dry;she then placed the boy in it, and left him on the bank of the river amongstthe tall cool grass and reeds.It happened on that very day that the daughter of King.Pharaoh came downto the river to bathe, and as she and her maidens walked along the bank she sawthis little cradle among the flags and grass, and sent one of the maidens to fetch it."When THE ARK WAS BROUGHT TO PHARAOH'S DAUGHTER and was opened, the babebegan to cry, and she pitied the poor little fellow, though she knew that it wasone of the Hebrews' children.And Pharaoh's daughter called the little boy her son, and when he had grownbigger, she took him to live at the palace and named him Moses. But when Mosesgrew to be a young man he knew that he was one of the Children of Israel, and hepitied his people; and one day when he saw an Egyptian beating one of these hisbrethren, HE STRUCK THE EGYPTIAN AND KILLED HIM. Then he was afraid, and hidthe body in the sand and went home. The next day he saw two Hebrews fightingtogether, and when he tried to part them one of them said, " Do you want to killme as you killed the Egyptian ?" And Moses was still more afraid now that thiswas known, and he fled into the land of Midian, where he sat down by a well torest. Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came down to thiswell to draw water; but some rude shepherds who came hither at the same timewould not let them come near. MOSES HELPED THE DAUGHTERS OF THE PRIEST ANDDREW WATER FOR THEM, and filled the troughs for their sheep.
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The History of Moses, the Lawgiver.And the young women went home and told their father, and he invited Mosesto his house, and gave him food and drink; and Moses stayed with him andmarried one of the daughters, who was named Zipporah, and she had two sons.Then Moses became a shepherd, and kept the flocks of his father-in-law, andone day, when he had led the flock to the farther side of the great plain, he came toMount Horeb, and while he was there he saw a bush near him break out in flames;but THOUGH THE FIRE WAS IN THE MIDST OF THE BUSH, YET THE BUSH WAS NOTBURNED. While he was looking at this wonderful sight the voice of THE LORDcame out of the bush calling to him by his name, " Moses, Moses." And he said,"Here am I." And when Moses knew that it was the Lord God of his fatherswho called to him he hid his face and was afraid; but the Lord told him that thewrongs of the people of Israel should cease, and that he must go at once to Pharaoh;for he should bring the children of Israel out of Egypt.But Moses was still afraid, and said that the people would not believe himwhen he told them that the Lord God had sent him. Then the voice of the Lordsaid, "What is that in thine hand ? " And Moses said, "A rod." The Lord toldhim to cast the rod on the ground, and he did so: and when he had cast it on theground it turned into a serpent, and Moses ran away from it; but the Lord toldhim to take it up again, and WHEN HE TOOK HOLD OF THE SERPENT IT BECAME AROD IN HIS HAND AS IT WAS AT FIRST.This and other miracles were to be shown by Moses to the people if theyshould doubt his word; but still Moses was afraid, and said that he was unfit to bethe Lord's messenger, because he was slow of speech. Then the Lord said thatAaron the Levite, the brother of-Moses, should meet him, and should be a mouthto him, and speak to the people, and that they should both be taught what to say.For some time Moses could not believe that he had been chosen to do thisgreat work of leading all his people out of the cruel bondage of the Egyptian task-masters. When he had seen his rod changed into a serpent, he began to see thatGod could give him power to do all that he had to do; but he still feared that hewas not a fit person for such a great duty. The Lord told him that he should beable.to perform other miracles to convince the people, and to show Pharaoh thathe had power to lead the people; and he was comforted when he heard that Aaronshould be by his side to speak for him.Then Moses went back to Jethro, his father-in-law, and prepared to departfrom Midian into Egypt, that he might'obey the word of the Lord, who had toldhim that his life should be safe; and HE TOOK HIS WIFE AND HIS SONS AND PLACEDTHEM ON AN ASS, AND SET OUT UPON HIS JOURNEY. In the open country calledthe Wilderness, between Midian and Egypt, AARON, who had also been instructedby God, MET HIS BROTHER MOSES AND KISSED HIM. And they went together tothe people of Israel, who after they had heard their words, believed that the Lordwould deliver them from their afflictions and lead them out of the land of Egypt.
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The History of Moses, the Lawgiver.But when Moses and Aaron went before Pharaoh, he would not believe, andrefused to let the people go, but put them to harder work, and under more crueltaskmasters than before.Then the people reproached Moses and Aaron because they had brought freshsorrow upon them; and Moses cried to God for help, when the Lord said that Hewould deliver them with great judgments upon Pharaoh, and would make thechildren of Israel His own people.And Moses and Aaron were told by the Lord to go again to Pharaoh, and thatwhen Aaron cast down his rod it should become a serpent; so they went, andwhen the King asked for a miracle that he might know that they spake truly, therod was cast down and at once turned into a serpent. Still Pharaoh would notbelieve, and he called his wise men and sorcerers, or conjurors, together, and they,when they had heard what Aaron had done, contrived to show that they could dothe same, for they brought rods and cast them down, and they appeared to turninto serpents; but AARON'S SERPENT SWALLOWED UP THEIR SERPENTS.Still Pharaoh grew more cruel; and Moses prayed him time after time to letthe people go; but he would not, though every time he refused a fresh judgmentcame upon the land. He had refused to believe in a simple sign, and so he wasmade to feel the power and anger of the Lord. The very conjurors and sorcerers,who had till that time been against Moses and Aaron, implored the King to letthe people go, for they could not imitate such miracles, which were wrought notby man, but by God. At last the Lord spoke again to Moses, and sent word to thechildren of Israel that they should be ready to go out of Egypt, and on theseventh day each family killed a lamb and roasted it for food, and they took theblood and sprinkled it upon their door-posts, as Moses told them, and that samenight ALL THE FIRSTBORN CHILDREN OF THE PEOPLE OF EGYPT DIED, and everyhouse which was sprinkled with blood as a sign that it belonged to the people ofIsrael was passed over, so that none died there. And this solemn season was calledthe Feast of the Passover.Then the Israelites BEGGED OF THE EGYPTIANS JEWELS OF GOLD AND SILVERORNAMENTS, and clothing, and other things that they needed; and the Egyptianslent to them, glad that they were suffered at last to go. And they went out, a greathost following Moses and Aaron, until they came through the wilderness to theshores of the Red Sea, where they rested; for the Lord had shown them the wayby causing a cloud to go before them by day and a bright light by night. NowPharaoh was angry when he heard that the people had gone; so, calling for allhis chariots and horses, and a great part of his army, he pursued the Israelites, andovertook them on the very border of the sea. Moses then cried to the Lord, whotold him to stretch out his hand over the sea, and he did so, and THE LORDCAUSED THE WATERS OF THE SEA TO DIVIDE, SO THAT THE CHILDREN OF ISRAELPASSED OVER ON DRY LAND, with a wall of water on each side. The Egyptians, with3
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The History of Moses, the Lawgiver.their chariots and horses, pursued them; but their whole host was in confusion,and when the morning came and they were yet in the midst of the sea, the watersreturned and overtook them, and THEIR CHARIOTS AND HORSEMEN WERE OVERTHROWNIN THE WAVES, where they were all destroyed.Then the people of Israel rejoiced at their deliverance, and sang a song ofpraise to the Lord, and MIRIAM THE PROPHETESS, AARON'S SISTER, TOOK A TIMBRELIN HER HAND, AND, FOLLOWED BY THE WOMEN, SANG AND DANCED FOR JOY.As they journeyed onward towards the Wilderness they were led and sustainedby the Lord, who gave them meat and drink; but when they entered the Wildernessthey became afraid that they should die of famine, and so, in spite of all the mercyand goodness that had been shown them, were discontented, and murmured againstMoses and Aaron for bringing them out there to starve. But God did not forsakethem, for in the evening there came flocks of quails and settled all about the camp,and the people caught and ate them; and in the morning, when the early dewhad passed away, THERE LAY UPON THE GROUND ROUND SWEET GRAINS, or seeds,which looked like hoar-frost, but was good for food, and tasted like wafers madewith honey, and the people called it manna. Now before they found this manna,which was sent like bread from heaven to satisfy their hunger, the people hadcomplained, and wished that they were back again in Egypt, where they could getsomething to eat, and where they used to boil their meat every day. But the Lordsent them this manna, and they were told to gather as much of it every morningas they would want to eat during the day; but they were not to take more thanenough for the day, that they might learn to look to God for their food everymorning, and so learn to trust Him and to believe in His love and goodness. Onthe day before the Sabbath they were t old that they might gather enough for twodays, that they might not have to work on the Sabbath; and what they gatheredeach day they baked into bread, or boiled into a kind of porridge, so that they didnot want for food.Surely this proof of God's kindness and care for them should have taughtthem to trust Him, and to believe that He would not let them perish, and that Hewould take them safely through the wilderness as He had promised if they wouldonly obey Him. Yet they were discontented when afterwards they came nearHoreb and found no water to drink, and again they reproached Moses; but herebuked them, and taking some of the older people with him, WENT UP TO THE ROCKHOREB AND SMOTE IT WITH HIS ROD, AND WATER GUSHED OUT, SO that theycould all drink.Then there came a new danger, for the children of Israel had reached Rephidim,and the people of Amalek came out and fought with them: so Moses called Joshuaand told him to take out men and give battle to Amalek; and Joshua chose hismen and went to fight the Amalekites while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went to thetop of a hill to watch. Whenever Moses held up his hand the Israelites prevailed4
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The History of Moses, the Lawgiver.over their enemies; but if he put down his hand they were beaten, so that whenhis arms grew tired and he could no longer stretch out his hands, HE SAT UPON ASTONE WHILE AARON AND HUR HELD UP HIS ARMS ONE ON EITHER SIDE, and so hecontinued till the sun went down, and Joshua had gained the victory.After this Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, took Zipporah, Moses's wife, andher two sons, and went to seek Moses in the Wilderness, and when they had foundhim, Jethro, who was a priest, offered sacrifice to God, AND THEY WENT HOME WITHMOSES, AND JETHRO INQUIRED OF HIM of all that he had done, and how it was thatall the people came to him for advice and judgment from morning to evening.And when Jethro heard how much Moses had to do, he advised him to chooseable and just men from among the people, and to make laws for their guidance,and to give them power to judge and guide the rest of the people; and Mosesheard this, and began to do as his father-in-law had said, so that by the time theycame to Mount Sinai they were more orderly. Here Moses was bidden by the Lordto cause the people to purify themselves, and to wash their clothes, and to beready to keep the third day as a holy day, for that on that day Moses should go upon the mountain and receive from the Lord himself the Commandments which wereto be observed by His people; and none of the people were suffered to approachthe mountain except Moses and Aaron, for there was fire and smoke upon the topof it; but Moses and Aaron went up and received the Commandments, and the lawswhich the people of Israel were to observe towards God and towards one another.Aaron returned, and Moses remained on the mount, and when the peoplewaited for Moses, but found he still stayed, they persuaded Aaron to make them anidol of gold in the shape of a calf, like one of the gods that they had seen in Egypt;for some of them seemed to forget all God's mercies, and to wish to be likethe idolators whom they had left behind them. Aaron consented, and to keepthem quiet told them to bring their earrings and jewels which they had broughtfrom Egypt, and oF THESE HE MADE A GOLDEN CALF, and they called it their god,and sacrificed and held a feast before it. When Moses came down from the mountcarrying in his hands two tables of stone on which the Commandments of the onlyliving and true God were written, he heard the noise of the shouting and saw thedancing and feasting, and grew so angry that HE THREW DOWN THE TABLES OF STONEand broke them. Then he went and destroyed the golden calf, and told thepeople what wickedness they had committed, and that the Lord would surelypunish them for their sin; and those of the people who had given themselves up towickedness and to the worship of idols, and would not listen to the commandmentsof God, were slain: by the Levites, who stood by Moses, and were determinedthat these evil doers should die rather than that they should bring their badexample always before the rest of the people. And Aaron tried to excuse himselfcalled for having suffered them to make the golden calf; but Moses rebuked him, andthe people together, who promised to be true to the Lord. Then he prayed that thesin of idolatry might be taken away, and entreated forgiveness for the people.5
The History of Moses, the Lawgiver.After this the people of Israel set themselves to learn and observe the lawsgiven them by Moses, and BEGAN TO BUILD A TABERNACLE, or great and splendidtent, where they might meet to worship God, and where the priests might offersacrifices. The wood-work, hangings, and ornaments of this tent were very beauti-fully wrought, and all its furniture was considered sacred. Here the laws of thenation were made known, and the religious services ordained, and here the peoplemet to praise God and entreat his future mercies.The people of Israel, in their journey through the wilderness, were compelledto fight their way against those nations who came out to oppose them, and theywere often troubled with many dangers, and want of food and drink; but thoughAaron was dead, Moses was still with them, and, what was still better, the Lord didnot refuse to listen to their prayers, though they often murmured and were unbe-lieving and ungrateful. Once, after they had been reproaching their leader, a newtrouble visited them, for fiery or venomous serpents came amongst them andbit many of the people, so that a number of them died. Then MOSES WAS COM-MANDED TO MAKE A SERPENT OF BRASS AND PLACE IT ON A POLE, SO that all mighsee it;, and any one who had been bitten by the serpents had but to look at thebrazen serpent and he did not die.But at last the time came when Moses himself must die, for he had ended thegreat work that had been given him to do, and the Lord was about to take him toHimself. The children of Israel had come near to the land that they were toinherit; but he who had led them was not to enter it: so he went up into MountAbarim, whence he could look out upon all the beautiful scene before he was takenhome to his fathers in that still better country beyond the grave. Before he died,however, Moses besought God to set a ruler over the people who might still leadthem, and in answer to his prayer he was told to choose Joshua, who had alreadyled the Israelites to victory against their foes. So JOSHUA WAS BROUGHT BEFORETHE PRIESTS, and there Moses gave him his instructions, and named him leaderof the people.When he had done this, MOSES WENT UP THE MOUNTAINS OF NEBO FROM THEPLAINS OF MOAB, and there looked out and saw all the rich country, Naphthali,Ephraim, Gilead, and Dan; there too he beheld the waving palm trees, and after hehad seen the "land flowing with milk and honey," his weary eyes closed in the lastsleep of death. Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died, he wasstrong and vigorous, and the light of his eyes was not dimmed; but he saw thechildren of Israel no more on earth, and none knew where his body lay, though thepeople mourned for him in the plains of Moab for thirty days.6
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