Historic note

Group Title: Bulletin - University of Florida Agricultural Extension Division ; 43
Title: Club work and the farm boy
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00024117/00001
 Material Information
Title: Club work and the farm boy
Series Title: Bulletin
Physical Description: 20 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Blacklock, R. W
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Division, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1925
Subject: Agricultural education -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Rural youth -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by R.W. Blacklock.
General Note: "June, 1925".
Funding: Bulletin (University of Florida. Agricultural Extension Division) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00024117
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002570217
oclc - 47284414
notis - AMT6524

Table of Contents
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        Page 2
        Page 20
    Historic note
        Page 21
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
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        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
Full Text

(Acts of May 8 and June 30. 1914)


Fig. 1.-A club boy-the makings of a good farmer.

Bulletins will be sent free upon application to the Agricultural Extension
Division, Gainesville, Florida

June, 1925

Bulletin 43

(Reprinted May, 1927)

P. K. YONGE, Chairman, Pensacola
W. B. DAVIS, Perry
E. W. LANE, Jacksonville
J. T. DIAMOND, Secretary, Tallahassee

A. A. MURPHREE, A.M., LL.D., President of the University
WILMON NEWELL, D.Sc., Director
A. P. SPENCER, M.S., Vice-Director and County Agent Leader
GRACE GREENE, Secretary to County Agent Leader

H. G. CLAYTON, M.S.A., District Agent
J. LEE SMITH, District Agent
R. W. BLACKLOCK, A.B., Boys' Club Agent
JOHN M. SCOTT, B.S., Animal Industrialist
HAMLIN L. BROWN, M.S., Dairy Specialist
E. F. DEBUSK, B.S., Citrus Pathologist
N. R. MEHRHOF, M. AGR., Poultryman

VIRGINIA P. MOORE, Assistant State Agent
RUBY MCDAVID, District Agent
MARY E. KEOWN, M.S., District Agent
ELOISE MCGRIFF, M.S., District Agent.
ISABELLE S. THURSBY, B.S., Food and Marketing Agent
MARY A. STENNIS, M.A., Dairy and Nutrition Agent

Florida Cooperative Extension


I believe the country, which God has made, is more
beautiful than the city, which man made; that life out of
doors and in touch with the earth is the natural life of
man. I believe that work is work wherever I find it, but
that work with nature is more inspiring than work with
the most intricate machinery. I believe that the dignity
of labor depends, not on what you do, but on how you do
it; that opportunity comes to a boy on the farm as often
as to the boy of the city; that life is longer, freer and hap-
pier on the farm than in the town; that my success de-
pends, not only on my location, but on myself; not upon my
dreams, but upon what I actually do; not upon my luck,
but upon my pluck. I believe in working when you work,
playing when you play, and in giving and demanding a
square deal in every act of life.
-Edwin Osgood Groover.


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.

Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida



As a true club member, I pledge my HEAD to clearer
thinking, my HEART to greater loyalty, my HANDS to
larger service, and my HEALTH to better living, for my
home, my community, my state, and my country.


Club work is a nation-wide organized effort to improve farm
and home life thru the efforts and by the aid of the boys and
girls now living on farms.
It has been estimated that about 90 per cent of our future
farmers will come from the sons and daughters of the men and
women now on the farms. Are they preparing themselves for
their life work?

Fig. 2.-Club work taught these boys how to produce over 75 bushels of
corn on their acres.

Florida Cooperative Extension

How will club work enable a boy to equip himself so that
he can aid in improving country life?
1. Club work is a means of learning (more knowledge).
2. Club work is a means of earning (more money).
3. Club work teaches thrift.
4. Club work teaches cooperation.
5. Club work provides recreation.
6. Club work widens the vision.
7. Club work brings ability.
8. Club work brings confidence.
9. Club work develops leadership.
10. Club work builds community spirit.


Boys' agricultural clubs are organizations of farm boys from
10 to 20 years of age inclusive who are striving to improve
themselves, financially, mentally, and physically thru carrying
out a definite piece of work, using the best possible methods.
The slogan of club work is "Make the Best Better". "Learn-
ing by Doing" is the method used. This applies not only to the
production of crops and livestock but also to the improvement
of the home and of the community. A boy made more effi-
cient is a better neighbor and a better citizen.

Fig. 3.-Club boys learning to judge dairy cattle.

Club Work and the Farm Boy

Florida boys' clubs are conducted under the direction of the
county agent who represents the United States Department of
Agriculture and the College of Agriculture of the University of

Fig. 4.-The club emblem.

Motto: "Learn by Doing."


As club work is the largest organization of boys and girls in
America, an emblem was thought to be necessary. After dis-
cussion, the four-leaf clover with an "H" in each leaf was se-
lected as the emblem best suited to the aims sought. Every
boy or girl in the club should know the meaning of the 4 H's.
It is often called the "four-square" emblem and stands for the
"four-square" training for the "four-square" requirements of
American life.
The 4 H's stand for a Head to be taught to think, to reason
and to plan; for Hands to be made more skillful and more use-
ful; for a Heart to be made truer; and Health to be kept and
improved to better enjoy life and to make for greater efficiency.
The motto tells how this "four-square" development is to be
secured. We can learn how to do and act well only by doing it
ourselves. Club work teaches boys and girls that they can
grow and develop socially and intellectually only by and thru
their own efforts. Once a boy grows an acre of good corn or
a fine brood sow, he has a definite knowledge of what it takes

Florida Cooperative Extension

to do that particular piece of work. A boy might guess at
what it costs to produce a bushel of potatoes, but when he keeps
a record of the labor and of the cost of fertilizing, he has ac-
curate knowledge.

Like education, of which it is a visualized, workable branch,
club work can only develop what is in a boy. It cannot supply
a lack of grit or a will to do. It will help an ambitious boy to
develop himself. It will give him an opportunity to show others
what he is capable of doing when given a chance. A talent
in a boy is like muscle, it will develop with use and will shrivel
and die if not exercised.
If it is a start toward financial independence that you want,


Fig. 5.-This club boy won a scholar-
ship to the College of Agriculture,
University of Florida, and a free trip
to the International Club Congress at
Chicago by his good work.

club work offers an oppor-
tunity to start a bank ac-
count with the profits. In-
dustry and thrift are the
two most powerful aids in
securing wealth.
If it is a chance to prove
your worth to your parents
and neighbors that you want,
club work offers an oppor-
tunity to prove your ability
by surpassing other boys
in carrying out a piece of
work. Friendly rivalry is one
of the causes of the prog-
ress of mankind.
If it is more and wider
-knowledge that you want,
thru club work you can in-
crease your store of knowl-
edge of the world's greatest

field of effort-the production of food.
If it is a chance for service to your community that you want,
club work furnishes a multitude of ways to help. You have the
opportunity to introduce better seed, better methods, better
livestock, business practices in farming, cooperation. Every
community needs leaders, and club work offers an opportunity
to prove yourself thru your own efforts.

Club Work and the Farm Boy

If it is a chance to go to college that you want, the Florida
Bankers' Association offers three $100 scholarships to the Col-
lege of Agriculture, University of Florida, each year to be given
three outstanding club boys. Each year about 100 county prize-
winners are given a week's short course at the University of


1. Who Can Join?-Any boy or girl between the ages of 10
and 20 years may become a club member by applying to the
county agent or home demonstration agent in the county in
which the applicant lives.

Fig. 6.-Club boys studying farm machinery at the short course.

2. What Must One Agree to Do?-Every member agrees to
follow the rules of the particular club which he joins. The
county agent will furnish this information.
3. Who Does the Work?-All members are required to do
their own work, except in case of very heavy work, which may
be done by a stronger person. The time taken must be charged
against the project as if the member had done the work himself.
4. Why Keep a Record?-By keeping accurate records of
the cost on their projects the members are of material help to
the agricultural leaders in working out a scientific knowledge

Florida Cooperative Extension

of farming in Florida. Club members learn business principles
which will be of ever-increasing value.
5. Why Make an Exhibit?-The business men of your county
want to know the results of club work. An exhibit from all
club boys shows the people what the boys of that county can
do. Every club member owes it to his club to do his part in
proving the value of the work.

Many improvements have been made in agriculture since the
people of Biblical days plowed with an ox harnessed to a crooked
stick. Every improvement started in the brain of one man and
was put to work by him. The spread in the use of the improve-
1/S.D, o A ~f ClCO-oE OAalC r1RI ment was by means of
demonstration and imi-
tation. One man tries
an improved implement
or a new method, others
re.... E see the good results and
they adopt the new tool
or the new method.
Improvements in ag-
riculture used to spread
Sco rr Ao..r, slowly, but now thru the
extension work and the
agricultural newspapers,
farm news travels fast-
er. The county agents
Ca Bor Dor.vrr... see or read of the im-
provements, and secure
farmers in their respec-
tive counties who agree
to demonstrate the new
idea for the benefit of
their neighbors.
The man or boy who
demonstrates a new idea
E **, co, ,' which helps us produce
Fig. 7.-How club work helps build the more at less cost does a
community, service. Club work is
the county agent's best method of demonstration.

Club Work and the Farm Boy

The United States Department of Agriculture and the Flor-
ida Agricultural College thru experimenting discover a better
practice in growing some crop. This idea is given to the Agri-
cultural Extension Division which in turn passes it on to the
county agent. The county agent has the club boy demonstrate
this improved method on his club acre. Every farmer that


Fig. 8.-Corn club boys prepare their acres well.

sees this demonstration can learn the new method in the best
possible manner.
The demonstration is the medium thru which improved ideas
and methods are spread for the betterment of rural life. By
carefully planning and carrying out a demonstration a club boy
does his part in developing his community. Better farms and
better homes can come only thru some one in the community
demonstrating how it can be done.

Florida Cooperative Extension


A list of club demonstrations and an outline of their purposes

I. Swine Clubs
1. Types of clubs:
a. Pig feeding (fat bar-
row club).
b. Breeding.
(1) Gilt or boar.
(2) Sow and litter.
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Value of balanced ra-
b. Value of pasture and
c. Fitting and showing.
d. Swine judging.
II. Dairy Clubs.
1. Types of clubs.
a. Dairy calf.
b. Bred heifer.
c. Cow (milk produc-
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Value of balanced ra-
b. Increasing production.
c. Value of blood lines.
d. Fitting and showing.
e. Judging.
III. Poultry Clubs.
1. Type of club:
a. Hatching and rais-
b. Egg production.
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Feeding of baby
b. Feeding for egg pro-
c. Disease prevention
and control.
d. Culling.
e. Judging.
IV. Corn Club.
1. Type of club:
a. Acre production.
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Value of good seed.
b. Fertilization.
c. Cultural methods.
d. Seed selection.
e. Protection against

V. Cotton Club.
1. Type of club:
a. Acre production.
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Value of an early va-
b. Fertilization.
c. Cultural methods.
d. Boll weevil control.
VI. Potato Club.
1. Types of clubs:
a. Sweet potato.
b. Irish potato.
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Value of good seed.
b. Cultural methods.
c. Fertilization.
d. Grading and market-
VII. Garden Club.
1. Types of clubs:
a. Home garden.
b. Market garden.
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Cultural methods.
b. Grading and market-
c. Thruout-the-year pro-
VIII. Citrus Clubs.
1. Types of clubs:
a. Citrus insects.
b. Citrus diseases.
c. Citrus propagation.
d. Grove cost account-
2. To be demonstrated:
a. Knowledge of insects
and control.
b. Knowledge of dis-
eases and control.
c. Propagation.
d. Cultural methods.
e. Cost of production.

Club Work and the Farm Boy

From the above list it will be seen that a boy has the choice
of 8 phases of club work. In selecting the demonstration he
is to make, the boy has an opportunity to use one of the "4-H's".
He is to train his "head" to think, to plan and to reason.
Therefore he must give serious thought to the question before
he decides which particular club he will join.
Before deciding, a boy should ask himself if the kind of work
appeals to him; if the conditions at home are such that he can
carry it out with success; if he can learn something worth
while from that work; if he will help his community by demon-
strating that type of farming. It would not be worth while for
a boy to attempt to demonstrate swine production in a com-
munity where all the farms were devoted to citrus. It would
not be worth while to attempt an acre of corn if the boy did
not have the stock to work the crop. Use your "head" and de-
cide which club best suits your local conditions.

The county agent often visits the schools in his county and
explains club work. In that case, give him your name and he
will tell you how to join. It is best always to talk the question
over with your parents. Get their consent and cooperation. It
will make the work easier and you are more certain of making
your demonstration a success.
A boy does not need to be attending school to be a club mem-
ber. If you want to join and are not in school, write your
county agent or the state club agent. A letter addressed "State
Club Agent," Gainesville, Florida, will be delivered. The county
agent will either see you or write you.
Remember, the county agent is in charge of the work in his
After a member is enrolled the county agent will give him
the necessary record books and instructions for his particular
Try your best to carry out instructions and keep your record
book. Remember, you are demonstrating a farm practice for
your own improvement and for the good of your community.
It is worth doing and therefore is worth doing well. The rec-
ord book is particularly important.

Florida Cooperative Extension

Fig. 9.-County agent directing citrus club in studying diseases and insect
damage and control.

Your county agent is your friend and leader. He will be
pleased to help you. Call on him. If you are fortunate enough
to belong to an "organized club" your local leader will help you
and you should always consult him.

A club project properly carried out calls for work and to
work best one must play some. The farm boy who does his
work well is entitled to a vacation. To give the club boy an
earned vacation, many county agents perfected plans for club
What is a club camp? A club camp is a three- or four-day
vacation for club members who have their demonstrations in
Where is it held? Usually at some spot where swimming
can be enjoyed.
Who has charge of it? The county agent and some one from
the state club office.
What can be learned there? Lessons are given in swimming

Club Work and the Farm Boy

and in organized play. Lessons are also given in some line of
agriculture. One year budding and grafting were taught in all
Who pays expenses? This varies with the counties. In some
places the boys pay $1.00 each. Generally the boys bring pro-
visions and the money charged is used for buying ice, bread,
milk, etc.

At the camp all four of the H's are developed. The club boy
must use his "head" in the games, and in the lessons given;
his "hand" in doing his part of the work and in the games;
his "heart" in acting honestly and fairly in all things pertain-
ing to living with the other boys; his "health" in proper eat-
ing and exercise which is demanded at all camps.

Fig. 10.-The club camp provides fun as well as instruction.

Florida Cooperative Extension

What to bring to camp. Your county agent will tell you what
equipment to bring in the way of bedding, clothes and food.
Bring that.
In addition bring a desire to make the camp a success; a de-
termination to do your part in both work and play; a willing-
ness to act honestly, keeping in mind that the heart "H" is of
most importance at a camp.

If your community is to get all possible benefit from your
demonstration, it must have an opportunity to see and study
the results. If you are to receive credit for doing your work
better than some other fellow you must show what you did.
A light hid under a bushel will not guide a lost person, and a
demonstration will not teach any one a better method unless
that person is given an opportunity to see and hear about it.
For these reasons a county contest is to be held each year.
Sometimes it is called an "achievement day." It is at the county
contest that each
club member brings
an exhibit from his
demonstration f o r
comparison with ex-
hibits from other
boys' work. The rec-
ord books are handed
in that day and the
year's work totaled.
At the county con-
test or "achievement
day" the county
champions of the dif-
ferent clubs are se-
lected. The best
prize given in a
county contest is
likely to be a schol-
arship to the boys'
short course.
How are prizes Fig. 11.-On the way to the county contest.
awarded? Accor d-
ing to the rules given for the different clubs. A complete rec-

Club Work and the Farm Boy

ord book and exhibit are required for all clubs, while the per-
cent allowed to different requirements varies with the type
of club. Rules governing awarding of prizes can be secured
from the county agents.
This is the one day of the year when the boys and girls are
the center of attraction. People come out to see what the club
members have accomplished and to learn how they did it.
From the showing made the leading men of the county decide
whether the time and money spent in club work is worth while.
If you want club work to be continued in your county be on
hand contest day with your record book and your exhibit.
You want to get all the benefit you can from the exhibits so
study what the other fellow did as well as what you did. In
this way you will develop your intellect or your "head". When

Fig. 12.-A prize-winning 10-ear club exhibit.

the winners are announced, do not be disgruntled if you did
not win. Congratulate the one who won over you and develop
another "H", the "heart".

What is the boys' short course? The meeting together of
the prize winning boys from all the counties of Florida.
Where is it held? At the University of Florida, Gainesville.
When is it held? Beginning Monday of the week of com-
mencement at the University of Florida and closing Saturday
of the same week. Commencement is generally the last week
in May or the first week in June.
Who has charge of this course? The state club agent.

Florida Cooperative Extension

Who gives the instructions? Professors of the College of
Agriculture and district agents and specialists of the Agricul-
tural Extension Division.
What is taught? Practical things connected with farming.
Courses are given in dairying, poultry, farm machinery, hor-
ticulture, livestock, forage crops, etc.
Where do club boys sleep? In the dormitories occupied by
the college boys during school year.
Where do they eat? In the commons or mess hall of the
University where college boys are fed.
Who pays the bills? When a member is awarded a scholar-
ship he will be sent to Gainesville and returned home with all
necessary expenses paid.
How are their nights spent? Good picture shows are given

Fig. 13.-Dade and Escambia counties-opposite ends of the state-make
friends at the boys' club short course.

Club Work and the Farm Boy

in the University gymnasium. One night is called "stunt night"
when the boys have complete charge of the entertainment.
What else happens at the short course? Too much to tell
it all in this bulletin. Win a scholarship and find out.

When a man puts his money into a proposition he must think
it worth while. The hundreds of thousands of dollars donated
each year for promoting boys' and girls' clubs speak louder
than words of the value set upon this work.
The American Bankers' Association urges every member of
the Association to boost and support club work.
The Florida Bankers' Association donates $300.00 each year
for club scholarships.
A Jacksonville livestock broker gives $250.00 annually as a
scholarship. This man believes in the work you are doing and
its value to Florida.
The local business men and boards of county commissioners
of the various counties send over 200 prize-winning boys and
girls to the annual short courses held at the University of Flor-
ida and at the Florida State College for Women.
A Chicago packing company donates $140.00 each year to a
Florida club boy for expenses of a trip to the International
Live Stock Show at Chicago.

Every boy is ambitious to do worth while things. He likes
to feel that what he is doing "amounts to something," that he
is adding something to the store of things which make life
worth living; that older people will recognize the worth of his
efforts and applaud his success.
We feel that club work offers every farm boy an opportunity
to carry on work that is decidedly worth while; work that not
only adds to the store of human knowledge and the supply of
material goods but also is applauded by the men recognized as
the leaders of American life.
So that our boys may know what the world of men and women
think of club work as carried on in America, the following quo-
tations from the nation's leaders are given. A study of the
opinions of these men should convince boys that club work is
worth while.

Florida Cooperative Extension

In a letter to G. L. Noble, Executive Secretary of the Na-
tional Committee of Boys' and Girls' Club Work, President
Coolidge wrote: "Possibly no activity is of more importance
to the future standing, prosperity and social position of agri-
culture, than the Boys' and Girls' farm clubs. Their activities
warrant the belief that they will greatly aid in the solution of
many problems of farm life and it gives me very great pleas-
ure to accept the honorary chairmanship of the National Com-
mittee of Boys' and Girls' Club Work."
The late Henry C. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture in Presi-
dent Harding's administration, said, "The Boys' and Girls' Club
movement means many things of worth to American agricul-
ture but its most significant meaning, in the long run, is that
it is giving us an agricultural population trained to think and
act by communities rather than by individual farms. The club
movement has already borne sufficient fruit to show that, gen-
erally, the farmer who has been a club boy will have a better
managed farm than the one who has not; that the farm woman
who has been a club girl will be a better home maker than the
one who did not have the advantage of club training.
"But the benefits will go much beyond that. Club-trained
farmers and farm women will know how to work in harmony
with the other members of their community. They will give

Fig. 14-Fitting their calf to be at his best in the show-ring.

Club Work and the Farm Boy

the county in short order, what would have been slow com-
ing otherwise, the community that can work as a unit-the
community that will plant a single variety of cotton, the com-
munity that will keep a single breed of cattle. All of this will
mean fuller and more satisfactory living not only thru better
community business, but thru better social opportunities, bet-
ter schools, better churches, a better neighborhood atmosphere.
They will work not alone for the day but for the future, near
and remote. They will organize American farm life, business
and social, on the basis of all the good that all can contribute
for all the members of the community."
Upon returning to his country from the study of American
agriculture, the Commissioner of Agriculture of Finland said:
"Of all phases of educational work carried on in America, I be-
lieve Boys' and Girls' Club work has the most possibilities."
F. O. Lowden, former Governor of Illinois, said of the Boys'
and Girls' Club Work: "There is no more hopeful movement
in agriculture today than the Boys' and Girls' Club Work. The
trouble has been that we have never begun the teaching of im-
portant subjects to the farm folks soon enough."
We have told you what prominent men in other sections of
the country think of our work. Now we are going to tell you
what the editor of one of the South's greatest agricultural
papers thinks of the work that the boys and girls are doing.
C. A. Cobb, Editor of the Southern Ruralist, is one of our
staunch friends. Below he tells you what he thinks about club
"Fundamentally, club work is the most important division of
extension work. In lasting value no other work our extension
forces are doing approaches it. To country boys and girls it
opens up a new and wonderful opportunity for advancement.
It is in this group, our farm boys and girls, that are to be found
the Joshuas and Calebs who some day will lead the agricultural
public into that land of bright promise that lies ahead."
It is fitting to close this bulletin on club work with a quota-
tion from Dr. Seaman A. Knapp, founder of the agricultural ex-
tension idea, and the man who made it possible for American
boys and girls to enjoy the benefit of club work. "I am
ashamed of the young man who is afraid of toil, and I pity the
girl who keeps soft, white hands. Let the young man glory
in his rugged physique and let the young woman be proud of
the common things she can do and not of her delicate hands."

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