F the Deafes of Horfes and their
Obfervations concerning the Signs of Sicknefs in a Hore.
Of the Lampas.
Of the Barbs.
Of the Tick.
Of Wolves Teeth.
Of Hurts or Wounds in the Mouth.
Sea. I. Of Loathing of Food, or Want of Appetite,
Sef. 2. An Arman for a fick Horfe that loaths his Food,
Se&. 3. Chewing-balls to reflore loft Appetite,
ii The Contents of the Second Part.
Seft. 4. Pills or Balls for the Stomach, I
Set. 5. How to nourijh a Horfe that forfakes his Meat, during his Sicknefs, ibid.
CHA P. IX.
Set. i. Of the Strangles, j
Se&. 2. A Remedy Jor the Strangles, 16.
ScA. 3. the Suppurative Ointment, commonly calla Bafilicum,. ibid.
Set. 4. Of the Eleauary of Kermes, i.
Sea. How to promote the Evacuation of the fiHmour by the Nb fer .
CHA P. X.
SeA. I. Of the Falfe or Baflard-Strangles, 20.
Set. 2. An Ointment to ripen Kernels, 22.
CHA P. XI.
SeQ. I. Of the cold Rheum or Morfounding, 22"
Set. 2. For a Cold, accompany'd with a violent Cough, 23.
Set. 3. A Draught for a Cold, joined with a Palpitation or Beating in the Flank, 24.
Sea. 4. A foftenirg Clyfler, ibid.
Sea. 5. The universal Cordial-Powder ibid.
Sef. 6. Of the Cordial-Balls, or Treacle-Pills, 25.
Sec. 7. Other Cordial Powders, 27.
Sea. I. Of the Glanders, 2
Sea. 2. How to expel the Matter by the Nofe. 31.
Seat. 3. How to resolve a Gland cr. Kernel, 32.
Selt. 4. Another Remedy for the Glanders, 33.
SeA. 5. A Perfume to draw forth the offending Humours, 3 .
Sec!. 6. Another Remedy for the Glanders, ibid.
Sea. 5. Another Remedy for the fame Diflemper, ibid.
Sed. 8. Of the Emetick Wine, 36.
C H A P XIII.
Se&. I. Of the Difeaje of the Head, caused by cholerick Humours, 37'
Sct. 2. Another Remedy for Difcafes in the Head, 38.
Scf. 3. A Remedy for the Difeafes of the Head, called the Fiery-Evil, 39.
Se&. 4. A Clyfler jor Difeafes of the Head, or the Fiery-Evil, ibid.
Sea. 5. A Bag to give the Horfe an Appetit.e, ibid.
Sea. 6. A Remedy to prevent Difeafes of the Head, ibid.
Sea. 7. A Clarge for Difeafes of the Head, 40.
Set. 8. 4n excellent Remedy for the Difeafe in the Head, called the Spanifh Evil, ibid.
Sef. 9. A purging Mledicine, to be given to Horfes after they are cured of the Difeafes of
the Head. 41.
Sea. o. Of the true Preparation of Scammony, 42.
CHA P. XIV.
Sea. i. Of the Difeafes of the Eyes, ibid.
Sea. 2. A Remedy for Rheums in the Eyes, 44*
Secft -. An Eye-Water fob Horfes, 45.
Sett. 4. Another LveylWater, ibid.
The Contents of the Second Part. ii
Sef. 5. An Ointment to divert the Rheum from the Eyes, 4$
Sea. 6. A Charge to divert the Defluxion from the Eyes,
C H A P. XV4
SeA. I. Of Blows on the Eyes, ibid,
Se& 2. /O Lapis Mirabilis, or the wonderful Stone, 47
Se&. 3. 'To confumc a white Film on the Eye, 48
Sea. ,. Of Lunatick or Moon Eyes, 49
Sea. 2. Of the beft Way of making Rue-water, to cure AMoon-Eyes, 50
Sea. 3. Of Oil of Lead, called Oleum Saturni, ibid.
Sea. 4. A Frontlet to divert the Defluxion, 5
Sea. 5. Of cleaning the Eye below, or cutting out the Haw, ibid.
Sea. 6. Hoow to cleanfe the Eye above, 5 2
Sea. 7. Pills for Lunatick or Moon-ey'd Horfei, ibid.
Sea. 8. The Preparation of Aloes, 53
Seat. 9. How to cauterize or burn the Parts above the Eyes, ibid.
CH A P. XVIL.
Sea. i. Of Hemorrhagy or Bleeding, 54
Sea. 2. Clyjlers, 55
C H A P. XVIIIL
Of the Stag's Evil, or Palfie in the Jaws, 56
CHA P. XIX.
Se&a i. Of the Vives, 57
Sea. 2. Of Remedies for the Vives, 58
Sea. 3. A Clyfter for the Vives, 59
Sea. 4. Another, ibid.
Sea. 5. Another Remedy for the Vives, ibid.
Of the Cholick, Fret, or Gripes, 9
CHA P. XXI.
Sea. Of the firft Kind of Cholick, 6o
Sea. 2. Of Orvietan, ibid.
Sea. 3. Of Effence of Vipers, 6i
CHA P. XXII.
Sea. i. Of the second Kind of Cholick, 62
Sea. 2. A Clyfter to expel Wi 'nd 63
SeA. 3. A Clyfter for the Wind-Cholick, ibid.
Sea. 4. An excellent Clyfler to break and difpel Wind, ibid.
Sea. 5. A Carminative and Purging Oil for Clyfjers, ibid.
The Contents of the Second Part.
C H A P. XXIII.
Of the third Kind of Cholick,
An excellent purging Oil,
Of the fourth Kind of Cholick,
A Specfick Powder for all the four Kinds
A purging Medicine to deflroy Worms,
A Powder for the Cholick,
Another Remedy for the Cholick,
of this Difemper already defcribld
CH A P. ,XXV.
Of the fifth Kind of Cholick,
A Clyfler to provoke Urine,
A Remedy to provoke Urine,
For a Flux of Vrine,
Of a Florfe thbt flales Blood,
Another Remedy for piffing of Blood,
C H A P. XXVII.
A Remedy for the Stones that are drawn imo the Body by the Violence of
C H A P. XXVIII.
Of the fixth Kind of Cholick, called by fome the red Gripes,
C H A P. XXIX.
Of the Stavers or Staggers.
Of a Shoulder-wrench, Shoulder-pight, and Shoulder-fplait,
A Remedy for a Strain, Blow, or any other Hurt in the Shoulderc
Ointment of Montpelier,
'The Baron's Ointment for Strains in the Shoulders or Hips,
Of a Shoulder -fplait,
Of the red Honey Charge,
Another le/s compounded Honey-Charge, commonly card a Remolade,
S c cl.
I L_ ___ ~I _ __
1-' --e -- _
The Contents of the Second Part. v
Se&. 4. Of the Ointment Oppodeldoch for dry wither'd Shoulders, that are deprzi'd of their
uful, Nourifhment ; and for all Str/ains or lWrenches in the Shoulders or Hp, 83
CH A P. XXXIL
Of broken Legs and Bones, g5
C H A P. XXXIII.
Sea. T. Of f/, tir'd, decay'd, or bruis'd Legs, $6
SeA. 2. Another Remedy, ibid.
Seft. 3. Another, ibid.
Se&. 4. To comfort and flrengthen the Sinews of the Legs, 87
Sea. 5. Another, ibid,
C H A P. XXXIV.
Se&. For Blows, fvell'd or gourdy Legs, whether the Sweling be occafon'd by fome Acci-
dent, or proceed from any ether Caufe 87
SeA. 2. A Rem dyjofr a BIlowv, and to ajfwvage a Swelling, ibid.
Set. 4. A zrth to resolve a Swelling in the Thigh or Leg, ibicd
Se&. j. A Kermedy for a hard Sweling, proceeding from a Blow, or any other CaUie, ibid.
Sea. 6. 7' p ec nt the Swelling of the Legs, 89
Sead. 7. A Honey Charge or Remolade for a Blow, or to affiaage a Swelling n the Lgs, ibid.
Se6t. 8. AnotChe Rcmedy for a Swelling in the Legs, occalion'd by a Blow, ibid.
Set.. 9. Te Duke's Ointment for Swellings and Bruifes, accompany'd with Heat; and for
Inflanmatf ''s i. 'ny Pfrt of the Body, ibid.
Sea. i o. For the Swell ng of the Sheath and Stones, tho' the Tumour pnread it flf under the
Bell', about the Thick;nes of two Fingers, 90
Sef. i i. Of old Swellings in the Legs, occafon'd by an ill-cur'd Sinew-fprain, 91
Seat. 12. rFr hard Swellings that cannot be cur'd by ordinary Remedies, ibid,
A Ccntinuetiion of the Receipts for fpoiPd Legs.
C H A P. XXXV.
See. i. Another Remnedy for flif and tir'd Legs, and to afwage the Pain and Swellings that
remain after Foundering, and other Difcmpers, 92
Sec. 2. The j1. : Remedy more methodically prepared, ibid.
Sea. 3. A i] ,t'ofr the Legs, Shoulders and Hips, ibid.
Sed. 4. An :xcc el-vt o' J'r fiff and tir'd Les, 93
Sea. 5. Another W"ay to n.zke the fame 0'l with lers double, ibid.
Sea,. A Balfm fr the Legs jpio'd by traveling, 94
C H A P. XXXVI.
Of Malz c0ders and Selenders, 95
C H A P. XXXVII.
Sea. r. Of Splents, 95
Sea. 2. A Remedy for t he Spic/Ut, 96
Sect, 3. Another Remedy, ibid.
Sea. 4. Another. Remedy for the Splent, 97
Sea. S. To cure a Splent methodiLally, ibid.
Seat. 6. Another Remedy to take away a Splent, ibid,
vi The Contents of the Second Part.
Se. 7. Ointment of Beetlcs for Splents, Windgalls, and (even the greatefl) Farcy Knots
or Cords, 9
Sca. 8. Ointment of Worms for Sp!ents, Wind-galls, Water-farcy, and other Swellings, 99
Scc. 9. 7T foft n a hard Swelling, ibid.
To repel or aifwage a Wind gall, Wen, or any other foft Swelling,
To take away a Wind-gall,
Of Retoires or Ruptures, called, by the Italians, Dead-Fire,
A Rctoire or Dead-Fire,
Of Wrenches, or Luxations, and Diflocations of the Paftern-Joint,
Remedies for a Strain,
Remolade of Bohemia,
Sec. i. Of a Sinew-fprain, or Sinew-fprung,
SSe& 2. The Nerve-Ointment for Sinew-fprains,
SeCa 3. Another cheap Remedy,
tir'd and decay'd Legs, and all old
Set. I. Of felled and gourded Paflern-7oints,
Set. 2. A Remedy for fivelled Paftern-Joints,
Sef. 3. To refolve a Swelling that grows on the Side of the Paflern-yoint,
Sec. 4. The Plaifler of Walnuts to refolve Swellings,
C H A P. XLII.
Of an Attaint, or Over-Reach.
C H A P. XLIII.
Set. I. Of the Scratches,
Sct. 2. Remedies jor simple Scratches,
CHA P. XLIV.
SeA T. Of flncry Scratches,
ScC. Remedies for the second Kind of finely
S C. 3. Of finewy Scratches of the third Kind,
c 4d. 4. An excellent liquid Cauftick,
SeCt. Of tfe third Sort of Scratches, commonly called Quitter-Bone,
Sed. 2. The Dol or's ointment to cleanfe Quitter- Bones,
The Contents of the Second Part. vii
--- --------- -^, =,___D a _-
Sef. 3. An Ointment to dry up Sores on the Coronet, 12o
Sea4. 4 How to cure Quitter-Bones, by giving the Fire, ibid
CHA P. XLVL
Of the Rig-. Bone, i12
C H A P. XLVII.
Sea Of the Vices of the Feet and Hoofs, 123
Sea. 2. The Ointment of Plantane, otherwise cali'd, the Ointment for the Feet, to retify
the Hoof, and make it grow, 124
Se&. 3. Conneftable's Ointment to make the Hoof grow, and to render itfoft and tough, ibid.
Se&. 4. To make the Hoof grow very speedily, 125
C H A P. XLVIII.
Se&. I. Of furbdted Feet, 12.
Se&. 2. Several Remedies for painful and furbated Feet, 126
C HA P. XLIX.
Sea. I. Of a Falfe-Quarter, 127
Sea. 2. A Remedy fr a Falfe-QZater and Chinks or Rifts in the Hofcv 128
CH AP. L.
Sea. I. Of narrow Heels; 130
Se&. 2. Of taking out the Sole, 131
Sea. 3. An Incarnative, or Ointment, to make the Flejh growv 133
Sea. i. Of Figs growing in a Horfe's Foot, 134
Sea. 2. Remedies for the Fig in a Horfe's Foot, 134
C H A P. LII.
Sef. T. Of Retreats or Pricks with Stubs, or with a Nail in Shoeing, or in the Street, 137
Se&. 2. Of pricking with Stubs or Nails in the Streets, 139
Sea. 3. Oil of Gabian, 145
Sea. 4. Oil de Merveille, ibid.
Sea. ". A green Balfam highly efteem'd for its excellent Vertues, 46
Sea. 6. Mr. Sicar's Ointment for Pricks with a Nail or Stub, ibid.
Se&. 7. Mr. Curtie's Ointment for Wounds, Bruifes, or Pricks with a Nail or Stubs, 141
Sea. 8. Bartholomew's Ointment for Pricks with a Nail or Stub, and for Bleymes, 148
Sea. Q9 A hot or burning Balfam for Wounds, Bruifes, and cold Pains; as alJo for Pricks
i with a Nail or Stub, ibid.
Sef. o1. Remedies for an Inpoflume in the hairy Part of the Foot, 149
Sea 1. The Countefs's Ointmect to heal and clofe up the Sores occafion'd by Impoftumes in
the hairy Parr of the Foot, I go
Sea. I12. To ajfwage and refolve hard Swellings on the Coronct, ibid.
viii Te Contents of the Second Part.
CHA P. LIII.
Se&. T. Of the Cafting of the Hoof, 1
Sed. 2. Schmit's Ointment, l5z
CHA P. LIV.
Of Bleymes, 53
CHA P. LV.
Of fcabb'd Heels or Fruh, f54
Of the Crown-Scab, a
C H A P. LVII.
Of flefhy Excrefcences on the Frufh, by fome ignorant Perfons miFlaken for
the Figs, 16
CHA P. LVIII.
Of the Mange in the Legs, and other Parts of the Body; 157
Seta.. t. o reftore decay'd and wafted Feet, deprived of Nourijhment by federal Diftem-
Sea. 2. A Pultifi, ibid.
Sea. r. Of Wounds, 159
Sed. 2. How to prepare a Sponge for the opening of Wounds, i6l
Sea. 3. Cinnabar-Pills for Wounds, Worms, Mange, and Farcin, and for the Shedding of
the Hair from the Head and Neck, 162
Sea. 4. Unguentum Egyptiacum, 163
SeCt.. 5.A Powder to make the Flejh grow, and cover the Bone, 164, 15
Sef. 6. The Sympathetick Powder, 164
Sec. 7. The Hermit's Ointment for Wounds in Horfes, 165
Sea. 8. Lime-water, or the yellow Water, ibid.
SeA. 9. Of a Gangrene, 166
Sea. o. A detergent and cleaning Water for a Gangrene, ibid.
Sea. 11. Another cleaning Water, ibid.
SeA. 12. How to fanch Bleeding, 167
CHA P. LXI.
Sef. i. Of a Horfe that is wrung or hurt in the Withers? 167
Sea. 2,. To draw and ripen a Swelling, 168
Sea. 3. The Vulnerary Water, 170
Sea. 4.. Powders to dry up a Wound, 17
The Contents of the Second Part.
Se&. 5. Other Powders to dry up Wounds,
Sed. 6. Another Powder to dry up Wounds,
1. Of Swellings or Wounds on the Reins or Back,
2. An excellent Digeftive,
3. The Hunters Ointment for deep Wounds,
4. Of Waters for Gun-Fot Wounds, or Vulnerary Potions,
5. A simple Water for Gun-jhot Wounds,
6. Another more compound,
8. A compound Wine for curing Wounds in a Horfe,
CH A P. LXIII.
Se&. 1. Of Wounds or Hurts on the Paflern-,oint, and other nervous and finewy Parts, 177
Sea. 2. An anodyne Pultifs, 178
CH A P. LXIV.
Se&. i. 7'o prevent the Afadnefs, occafion'd by the Biting of a
any Sort of Cattle,
Sea. 2. An infallible Remedy for Madnefs occafion'd by Biting,
Sea. 3. Another eafy Remedy,
SeA. 4. Of the Biting of a venonious Beaft,
mad Dos, either in Men, or
T. Of Purfivenefi, or Shortnefi of Breath,
2. A Remedy for Purfivenefs,
3. Another Remedy for Purfivenefs,
4. Another Remedy for Purfivenefs,
5. The Way of exhibiting Honey to Horfes that are p
the Flanks; and other DifJempers,
6. A Powder for Heat and Diflurbance in the Flanks,
7. How to loofen a purfive Horfi's Belly,
8. An excellent Powder for purfive Horfes,
9. Of the Cure of Purfivenefs with Eggs.
t o. The Emetick or Angelick Powder for Purfivenefi,
I 1. The yellow Pills for jhort-winded Horfes,
x12. Tincure of Sulphur for flort-winded Horfes,
urfive, or troubled with Diforder
CHA P. LXVI.
Of the Cough,
A Powder for a Cough, whether old or newly taken,
An Eletluary for a Cough caused by preternatural Heatj~
Other Powders for a Cough,
A Remedy for the Cough,
The Englifl Pills for an old Cough,
C H A P. LXVIi.
Of Cbeft-Foundering, and Foundering accompany'd with a Fever,
A Clyfler for Horfes that are Chefl-Founder'd,
A Decofion for Cheft-foundering,
ibid. 1. 31
CjC-~ 1~ ---------;-~i -.. -----. -------..~---- ~-~L~~-Y-L-L-YI
x The Contents of the Second Part.
SeA. 4. A Remedy which purves andgives Eafe to a Chet-Founder'd Horfe, 98,1. 57
Set. 5. Another Decotion for (Cheft- Foundering, 199, 1. Io
Sed. 6. Remedies for Obflrutions of the Lungs cas'd by Foundering, ibid.
Sea. 7. A Powder for C'heft-Foundering, 200, 1. I
Sea. 8. For a Chefl-founder'd Horfe that is very fick, ibid. 1. to
Se 9. Another, ibid. 1. i8
Set. I A Remedy for a founder'd Horfe that is troubled with a Fever, and very fick,
Sea. 1 T. A Potion, or Drink for a foundered Horfe, that is very fick, either with or without
a Cog h, 201
Sect. 2. The Lieutenant's Decoffion for a Horfe that is founder'd, and very fick, ibid.
Set. 13. Crocus Metallorum, 202
Se&. 14. Liver of Antimony, ibid.
CHA P. LXVIII.
Sea. 1. Of tir'd Horfes that pine away after hard Labour or Riding, 204
Sec. 2. Of Sal Polychreft, or fufible Sulphur, 205
Sea. 3. A Fomentation for a lean and tir'd Horfe, 207
Se`a. 4. To loofen the Belly of a tir'd Horfe, ibid.
Sec?. 5. A purging Remedy for a tirld Horfe, ibid.
Sea. 6. The Golden Sulphur of Antimony, 208
Sea. 7. Of a Horfe tir'd with hard Riding, 209
Sea. 8. A purging and comforting Potion, ibid.
The Method of fattening JIorfes, 209
C H A P. LXX.
Se&. i. Of the Shrinking of the Sinews, and Gauntnefs of the Be!y, occafon'd by Foundering
of the Body, and other Difempers, 210
Sea. 2. An anodyne Ointment, ibid.
CHA P. LXXI.l
Sea. i. Of the Anticor, 2I2
Sea. 2. A comforting Potion for the Anticor, 213
Sea. 3. Oil of Rue, ibidd
C H A P. LXXII.
Sea. 1. Of Palpitation of the Heart, aT14
Se&. 2. A Remedy for the Palpitation of the Heart, ibid.
Set. 3. A Clyfler for the Palpitation of the Heart, 2I5
Sea. 4. A Clyfter to difpel Wind, ibid,
Sect. 5. A Clyflerfor the Palpitation of the Heart, accompany'd ith Heat, ibid.
Sea. 6. Another cooling Clyfter, 216
Sea. 7. A Cordial Potion for the Palpitation of the Heart, ibid,
CH A P. LXXIII.
Sea. I. Of Fevers, 217
Sea. 2. A simple Fever, ibidd
Sec. 3. A putrid or humoural Fever, 27
Be 4. A pcflilential Fever, ibid.
Sea. 5. Of the Catfes and Signs of a Fever, C H A P.
The Contents of the Second Part xi
CH A P. LXXIV.
Ser. 7. Of the Cure of a fimple Fever, 2i8
Set. 2.A f1 Clycr, 2i1
C H A P. LXX V.
Scei o. Of the Cure of putrid Fevers, 220
Sce. 2. A ebrifuge, or Remedy to drive away Fever S ibid;
Set. 3. A Cylfrcr for a Fever, 221
S0cT 4. ~ .. t l.r C(lyJ r for Fevers, ibid
C H A P. LXXVL
SeI. i. Of the Cure of a pefjilential Fever, 22
Sef. 2. A Remedy, 222, 1 3
Sect. 3. Of the Method to be obferved after a -orfe's Recovery from a Fever, ibid.
Sca. 4. A purging Remedy for a Horfe, after his Recovery from a Fever, and generally in all
other C(aes, 223
Sea. 5. An excellent Catholicum for Clyfters, 224
C H A P. LXXVII.
Seft. Of the Farcin, 224
Set. 2. 7be flying Farc;n, 226
SeCt. 3. 7he corded Farcin, ibid.
Se&. 4. The Farcin resembling a [Hen's Fundament, 227
Seat. 5. The internal Farcin, ibid.
CH A P. LXXVIII.
Seft. I. Remedies for the Farcin, 227
SeC. 2. A Purge for the Farcin, 228
Sea. 3. Pills for the Farcin, 12
Sea. 4. A fpecifick Remedy for the Farcin, ibid
Seft. 5. Another eafy Method, 23.
Sea. 6. To cure the Farcin by giving the Fire, ibid.
SeC. 7. The Ointment of Portugal for Farcin-I(nots, ibid.
Se(. 8. A Cautery or Cauftic, 231
SeCf. 9. Another, ibid.
SeaT. i The Ointment of Naples, whi;ch alone cures the Fatcin, ibid.
Sef. 11. The Remedy of a German Farrier for the Farcin, ibid.
Sea. 12. An excellent Remedy for the Farcin, 232. Another Method of Cure, 232
SeA. 13. Corrofive Sublimate, 233
SeC. 14. Mercurius dulcis, or feet Sublimate, ibid.
C H A P. LXX1X.
Sea. i. Remedies for the Farcin that resembles a Hen's Fundament, 234,
SeB. 2. Pills for the Farcin, ibid.
Se. 3. The German Ptifanfor the Cure of the Farcin, ibid.
CHA P. LXXX.
Sea. i. Of an inveterate Farcin, 235
Se.t. 2. The Decofion of Guaiacum, 236
xii The Contents of the Second Part.
Se&. 3. The Decolion of China, 236
SeA. 4-. The Decoc7ion of Sarfaparilla, 237
C H A P. LXXXI.
Of the fE'rcin in the Head, 237
,- C H A P. LXXXII.
Secf. Y. 'To diffolve and ajfwage all Sorts of Swellings, caused by the Farcin, both in the Legs
and other Parts of the Body, 238
Se&. 2. A revolving Ointmentfor Swellings occafion'd by the Farcin, 239, 1. i
Set. 3. A Receipt for the Farcin, 240
Se&. 4. An eafy Remedyfor the Farcin, ibid.
CHA P. LXXXIII.
Sea. i. Of the Ebullition of the Blood, or Blood-running Itch, 241
Sea. 2. Chryflal Mineral, or Sal Prunella, ibid.
C H A P. LXXXIV.
Of the Shedding of the Hair from the Head, accompany'd with the Mange; and of
the Falling of the Hair from the Reft of the Body, especially about the Neck,
and hinder Part of the Thighs, 242
C HA P. LXXXV.
Sea. r: Of Molten-Greafe, 243
Sea. 2. Of the Cure of Molten-Greafe in the Beginning, 244
Sea. 3. Stinking Pills for Foundering, Molten-Greafe, Cheft-foundering, and the Cholick, 245
CHA P. LXXXVI.
Sea. I. Of Foundering, 247
Se&. 2. A Remedy for Foundering, 249
Sef. 3. Other Remedies for founder'd Horfes, ibid.
CHA P. LXXXVII.
Of another Kind of Foundering, which refemhles a Swaying of the Back, 2 51
CHA P. LXXXVIII.
Sea. i. Of Pains in the Feet after Foundering, 252
Se&. 2. A Broth or Decotlionfor Pains in the Feet remaining after Foundering, ibid.
C H A P. LXXXIX.
Sea. I. Of the Mange, Itch, or Running-Scab, 253
Sec. 2. A Remedy for the, Mange, ibid.
Se 3. 3. Purging-Pills for the Mange, 254
Se&. 4. A Drench or Potion for the Mange, ibid.
Scf. A Bath for the Mange, 255
The Contents of the Second Part. xiii
Set6. Another Bath and Water for the Mnv. r in Horfes and Dogs, 2
SCIr. 7 A excellent Oiutment for the Mlangre, ibid.
Sc&t. 8.A Fomentation for the Mrange, ibid.
SerC. 9 A Pomade for the Mlange, 2j6
Sec&. ?o. The Near-Herd's Ointment for the Pains, or watery Sores in the Legs, foul W unds,
or Vlccers, and the Mange, ibid.
C HA P. XeC
Of the Mange or Itch in a Horfe's Tail, 2.57
CHA P. XCI.
SeFt. T. Of Worms, Bots, or Truncheons that breed in the Body of a Horfe, 257
Set. 2. Remedies for the Worms, 258
Sect, 3. A Powder for the Worms, 259
Set 4 Pvgin Pgin ills to dcflroy Worms, ibid.
Scf S. Another Remedy to kill Worms, 260
S i. 6. A Powder that kills the Worms, and expels the AL:ter of which they are gene-
Set. 7. Another cheap Powder for the Worms, ibid,
C H A P. XCIL
Sca. i. Of Swaying of the Back, and Falls, 26r
Se&. 2. A Potion for Falls, 262
Seft. 3. An Anodyne Clyfer for Falls, ibid.
SeC. 4. Another Potion for Falls or a fway'd Back, ibid.
C H A P. XCIII.
Of Hip-fhot, or a Strain in the Hips. 263
C H A P. XCIV.
Sea. T. Of the Swelling of the Cods and Stones, 26
Seft. 2. A Pulti/s, ibid,
Seft. 3. An aflringent Pultifi to affwage the Swelling of the Cods, ibid.
Se 4. 4 Another refolvent Pultifs, 266
Sef. 5. A Remedy for a Rupture or Burflnefs, ibid.
CHA P. XCV.
Sef. i. Of bruis'd, fwoll'n, or hard Stones, 266
Sea. 2. A very excellent Remedy, 267
C H A P. XCVL
Sc. i.- Of the Lask, Loofnefs, or Flux of the Bel'ly, 268
SeE. 2. A Remedy for the Flux, ibid.
SeCt. 3. A fcowring ClyfFer, 269
SeA. 4. A cooling and binding Clyfter, ibid.
Se&. 5. A Potion for the Flux, ibidl
SeA&. 6. A binding Clyfler, ibid.
Sef. '7. Another Remedy, ibid.
Sec. 8. Another Remedy for a Flux, proceeding from a cold Canu' 270
x The Contents of the Second Part.
9. A Potion for a Flux proceeding from a cold Cavfe, 27
So.. A binding Clyfter, ibid.
ST. A Potion for a Flux proceeding from a hot Caue, ibid.
i 2. Afrinrent Baths for a Flux, ibid.
CH A P. XCVII.
1. Of the failing of the Fundament,
2. iAnther Remedy,
CHA P. XCVIII.
Of Strains, Hurts, and Blows on the Houghs, 272
For Blows on the Houghs, and other Parts of the Body, ibid.
A Remedy for a Swelling caused by a Blow, ibid.
Another Remedy for a Swelling, occafion'd by a Blow or Stroak with another Horfe's
A.-otIber Remedy to affwage a Swelling caused by a Stroak, ibid.
Sea. i Of the Relaxation and Straining of the Mafler-Sinew, 2'73
Seat 2. An admirable Balfam for Strains in the Hough, Wrenches, Diflocations, Hip-fljot,
Blows, Bruifes, Sinew-fprain, or Sinew fprung, 275
Of the Cramip,
CHA P. CIII.
C H'A P. CI.
Of the Hough-bony,
A refolvcnt Plaifter,
CHA P. CII
Sea. i. Of the Jardon,
Set. 2. A refolving Plaifter,
C H A P. CIV.
Of the Dry.favin, or String-halt,
Of the Ox-fpavin, or Boie-fpavin,
F o o t
Of Vefligons, which are foft Tumours fomewhat resembling large Wind-galls,
To refolve a Tumour,
The Duke of Newburg's Ointment,
The Contents of the Second Part.
C H A P CV.
Of the Varix, by fome called the Blood-fpavin,
C H A P. CIVIL
Of the Curb,
CH A P. CVIII.
Of the Manner of Giving the Fire to Horfes,
.C H ANP. CIX.
Of all the Sores, Pains, Swellings, and DifJempers of the Hinder-legs, from the
Hough downwards, 287
'CH A P.
Of Rat- Tails, or Arrefls,
An excellent Remedy for Warts;
CHA P. CXIII.
Of Clefts, Cracks, or Chops,
SeF. i. Of the Pains and watery Sores in the Legs, 289
Set. 2. An Ointment to dry up the Pains or watery Sores, 290
Set. 3. The Ointment of Oldenburg to heal and dry up the Pains, Rat-Tails, Mules, and
other foul and watery Sores in a Horfe's Legs, ibid.
Se&. 4. Another Remedy to dry up the Pains, or running Sores, 291
Sef 5. A Water to heal and dry up the Pains and Warts, though the Leg be foll'n or
Seft. 6. The black Ointment, or Coachman's Ointment to heal and dry up all manner of Sores
in the Hinder legs, ibid.
Se&. T. Of fooll'n or gourdy Legs by reason of the Pains, or other fleJhy Sores, 29t
Se&. 2. The perpetual Caufic, or Lapis Infernalis, 2 z
Se&. 3. The white Honey-Charge or Plaifjer, for the Pains, Warts, Rat-Tails, Mules, Clefts,
Scratches, and Halter-Caft, 293
Sea. 4. A Mercurial Ointment to affwage the Swellings of the Hinder-legs, 284
_ C_ ___ _
~I__ _*~__~ ___ ___I(
i j~ [ I II
The Contents of the Second Part.
The Method of taking up a Vein,
C HA P.
CHA P. CXVIII.
Of the Hungry-Evil,
Of the Numbnefs of the Hoof,
The End of the
I --....I-.~-..---- -- - .
_ F-- --_- 1~ --- -
U i'. -^-
Signs and Caufes of their Difeafes, the True Method both of
their Prefervation, and Cure : With Retleations on the Regu-
lar and Prepofterous Ufe of Bleeding and Purging.
The ART of SHOEIN G, with the several Kinds of Shoes
adapted to the various Defe&s of Bad Feet, and the Prefervation
The Beft ME THO D of Breeding Colts, Backing them, and Making their
i- i i
By the Sieur de S 0 L L E T S E L L, Querry to the French King
for his Great Horfes, and One of the Royal Academy of Paris.
To which is added,
A moft Excellent SuPPLEMENT of RIDING, colleaed from the
With an ALPHABETICAL CATALO G UE of all the Ph)fical Simples
in Englihb, French, and Latin.
Made Englifh from the Ctig)t Cj tlitn of the Original.
By Sir WIL LL 1A M H 0 P E, Kt. Deputy-Lieutenant of the
Caftle of Edinburgh.
The Whole illuftrated with Copper Cuts curiously Engrav'd.
The SECOND PART.
LON DO N:
Printed for R. Bonwick, J. Tonfon, T. Goodwin, ,. Walthoe, M. Wotton, S. Manf~ip,
R. Wilkin, B. Tooke, R. Swith, and T. Ward, 1717.
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Of the Difeafes of Horfes, and their Remedies.
T HE Y who love Horfes, will, doubtlefs, read this Work with Plea-
fure, which I have with fo much Pains and Study brought to fo great
a Degree of Perfetion. In the several Impreffions of it, that have
been already publilh'd, I have freely communicated to the Publick the
Knowledge that I had acquire d, not only of New Medicines, but of feve-
ral Experiments and Obfervations concerning the Ufe and Application of 'em. And,
I hope, this laft Edition will abundantly fatisfie the Curious, and clear all thofe Doubts
that have been proposed to me. My continual Pradice furnifhes me with daily Op-
portunities of feeing an infinite Number of fick Horfes, and of improving my felf in thq
Knowledge of fuch things as were either doubtful or unknown to me before ; and
I have always made it my Bufinefs to discover eafie Remedies, by the Help of which
I might reftore difeas'd Horfes to a Condition fit for Service ; neither have my Endea-
vours been altogether unfuccefsful. And in this laft Imprefflon the Reader will perceive
that I have left out several Remedies that are difficult and laborious, and fubffituted
others that are eafier tho' no lefs effecual: besides, I have correded the Errors of the
former Editions, and made this which is now offered to the Publick, fo compleat in all
its Parts, that I am confident the Ingenious Perufer of it will readily acknowledge,
that a Work of this Nature cou'd not be carry'd on and finifh'd without a great deal
of Labour and Pains. All the New Remedies that are proposed in it have been con-
firm'd by undoubted Experience ; and for the Conveniency of thofe who defir'd it, I
have divided it into Two Parts.
In purfuance of my Defign to treat of the Difeafes of Horfes, it wou'd be needless
to infift on unprofitable Speculations. The main Bufinefs of a Skilful Pratitioner,
fhou'd be, in the firft Place, to discover the Nature of the Diftemper, according to
that Maxim, Morbum nofe curationis piincipium, The Knowledge of the Difeafe is the Be-
ginning of the Cure; and then to chufe Cuch Remedies as have been approved by long Expe-
rience, and to apply 'em in the Time and Place convenient. I have read many Authors
who imagine that they can never treat of any Difeafe accurately, unlefs they begin
with an exad Definition of it, which mtift be followed by a curious Difcourfe on the
Etymology of its Names, and a tedious Catalogue of all its Signs. After thefe Prelimina-
ries they proceed to a particular Examination of the Caufes that may be fuppos'd to con-
tribute to the Produftion of the Diftemper they propofe to cure; and having with a
great deal of Ceremony laid down all the various Prognooflicks, they come at laft to
the Indications on which they ground their Pratice, and wou'd be vex'd to omit any
one Remedy that has been proposed by an Author ; if it be of the Number of thofe
that are called Univerfals ; for they abhor, particular Remedies, and pretend to baniih
all Specificks from the PraCtice of Phyfick, which, in their Opinion, confifts merely
in the Art. of difcourfing handsomely concerning it. Without Offence to honeft and
The Compleat Horfeman. PART ji,
Learned Phyficians, I may apply the Words of Hippocrates to the reft, AMdicinam )volat
om7liun Artitm unobilijimam, fed proper igworantiamm eoromn, qui eant mnal exercent, ejjf onmm-
Irm vilifimam. For my part, 1 can perceive nothing but Vanity and Oftentation in
fuch pompous Difcourfes ; and all thefe noifie Preambles do oftentimes end in a Tri-
fie. Such nice and artful Definitions uftially confound the Author without infithuting
the Reader. A diligent Writer is indeed obliged to give a clear Account of the Na-
iure of Diftempers ; but after all, the Eye and Experience are furer Guides than all
the Books that ever were written. I'm perfwaded we ought rather to fearch after good
Medicines, than polite Expreffions, in opposition to thofe above-mentioni'd Pretenders
to Phyfick, who are very careful to make fine Harangues, but never give themselves
the trouble of enquiting after effectual Remedies. And I dare confidently affure the
Reader, that if he be well-grounded in the Principles, and proceed wi Lh C(aution in
the Ufe of thofe Remedies contained in this Book, he cannot pofibly milEs oflSuccefs. I
have omitted nothing that I thought ncceffary to explain the Nature of Difeafes, and
without running into ufelefs Digrcliions concerning the Caufes of 'cm, I have pro-
pos d fuch Remedies as I have found to be (cfftlual by my own Experience. And fince
Vve have few Books in our Language, that explain the Manner of Preparing and Com-
pounding Medicines, I have endeavour'd with all pofible Clkarnefs, to prefcribe the
beft Methods of Compofition, and the exC6t Dofes of my Remedies.
This Treatife is adapted to all Sorts of Readers: For the Ufe of the Ignorant (or
greatest) pait of Mankind, who have rot the laft TinOure of Learning, or Skill
in Phyfick, I have proposed eafie and ifmiliar Remedies; And I have alfo frequently
confirmed the Rules of PraCtice with Rcaf6ns. for the Satisfadionr of thcfe who are
not unacquainted with the-Principles cf Art, or have pradtis'd Phyfick themselves:
neither am I altogether without Hope that the Learned will find feme Pafi ges in it
worthy of their serious Confideraticn. They that know my Profeflon, cr hall read
this Book, will foon perceive that I am neither Doedor nor Phyficin. Yet several
profefs'd Phyficians, cr fuch as affhme that Title, have pretended that I procur'd
fome Phyfician to compofe this Treatife. But -to undeceive thefe Gentlemen, if
they fill perfift in their Errour, I muff beg leave to tell 'em, that 'tis not impoiiible for
an inquifitive Perfon to understand the Theory of Medicine, without pretending to
the Pradice of it. 'Tis true, I never had the Advantage of a Learned Education,
but 1 have carefully perus'd the beft Authors, without the Affiftance of which I could
neither have difcover'd new Remedies, nor difkours'd rationally concerning their EfD
ifets. I muff indeed confefs that my Labours are very imperfed ; but I dare affirm that
fome of my Remedies will be found upon Trial, to be Good and Methodical, and even
applicable to Humane Bodies, by fuch who know how to proportion their Dofes.
Before I enter upon the Subjed-Matter of my intended )ifcourfe, it will not be
improper to advertife the Reader, that if in any part of this Book he hall find several
Remedies prcfcrib'd for the fame Diftemper, he may do me the Juffice to conclude
that I us'd that Method only for his Eafe and Conveniency. It will perhaps be ob*
tjccd that there are several Perfons who will be puzzled to chufe one among fo many1
and that it was needles to mention more than one Approv'd Remedy for every Dif-
eafe. I answer, in the frft place, that they are all Good and Approv'd ; and we of-
tentimes find by reason of the Variety of Climates, and the different Conftitutions of
Horfcs, that the fame Remedy which has cur'd one, may be unfuccefsfitlly apply'd to
another; fo that after one Remedy has disappointed, another will perhaps anfier
our Expelations. Befides my Defign is to write for the Ufe of all forts of Pertbns,
and for all Cafes: and fince there may be occasion to confilt my Book for the Cure
of a Horfe in fome Country-Village, or in an Army, far from any Druggift's Shop, I
thought it convenient to prescribe Choice of Receipts, that in fuch Cafes my Reader
might be able to chufe a simple Remedy that may be prepared on the Spot. MoreL
over there are fome Compofitions more difficult than others; and they who are not
acquainted with the Art of Mixing Drugs, may ufe fuch Medicines as are more ea-
lily prepared. And, to add one Confideration more, there are fome Cafes, in which
we muff begin the Cure of a Diftemper with one Remedy, and in the Progrefs of it
tave Rerouife to another, which muft be again changed for a Third, in the Declina-
tion of the Difeafe. Thus you fee that Variety of Remedies inftead of being an In-
convenience, is very ufeful and advantageous to thofe who keep Horfes: for they
may chufe that which pleafes 'em beft, or that which may be prepared with left diffi-
culty, fince they are all good, tho' fome of 'em muft neceffarily be better tlhan
CHA P. IL The Compleat Hofemana 3
To proceed methodically in the Cure of Diftempers, ftme general Rules muft be
laid down, which we ought always to obferve. And thefe Rules either refpc~t the
Subject of the Difeafe, the Dificmper it felf, the Remedies that are prefcrib'd, or
the Perfon that applies 'em.
As for the Subject of the Difeafe, or the fick Horfe, we muff diligently enquire
into his Conflitution, Age and Strength, together with the Occafion of his Sickinefs
for there are fome Hort'es, as tor Inflance thofe that have been managed, who are
naturally tender and fqueamifh. We muff consider whether they are too old, or too
young, whether their Strength has been exhaufted by hard Labour, or Want of Food ,
and whether their Diftempers were occafion'd by tfme Excefs-: for all theie Circum-
fiances forbid the Ufe of firong Remedies, or at leaft require fmnall Dofes ; fence it
is not at all convenient to purge and bleed a Horfe,r or to torment him with Medi-
cines, when he has only need of Reft, and good Nourithment.
In the next place, We muft consider the Nature of the Difeafe that is proposed to be
cur'd. For 'tis equally ridiculous to imagine, that a violent Diftemper will yield to
weak and gentle Remedies, and that every flight Indifpofition requires powerful and
long continued Medicines.
We muft never attempt the Cure of a particular Diflemper, fo long as the whole
Body is out of Order for it wou'd be in vain to apply Medicines to a fore Foot,
while the Leg and even the whole Habit of the Body is full of bad Humours: Yet
fome Farriers are guilty of this Errour, tho' they might with as probable Hopes of
Succefs, undertake to dry a River without flopping its Spring. There are alfo iorme
Difeafes that obitrud the Cure of others, and muft be remov'd before 'em. And
besides we muft examine, whether there be any Venom or Malignity lurking under
the Diftemper 5 for the Biting of a mad or venemous Beaft differs very much from a
Concerning the Remedies that are to be us'd, you mufl obferve thefe Rules. If
you find it neceffary to proceed to fome Manual Operation, let it be performed dex-
troufly; and let all your Drugs be well chofen, exaaly prepared, and fkilfully ap-
ply'd. You muft not imagine that the fcarceft, deareft, and moll operofe Medicines
are the moft effedual: Defpife not the Herbs that you daily tread under your Feet;
but you may jufily fulpet a coftly Drug. Gold, Pearls, Precious Stones, Unicorn's Horn,
and Bexoar, are often prefcrib'd without any other Effe&t than the draining of the Pa-
tient's Purfe. And therefore in Difeafes of long continuance we ought to try the gen-
tleft, eafieft, and cheapeft Remedies, before we proceed to extremities, as Arnold de
Villa Nova has well obferv'd in his Treatife on the Aphorifns, where he affirmsexprefly,
That 'tis a Cheat to ufe Compound Reinedies, when Simples are at hand. Besides it may be
obferv'd, that when I mention a great Number of Medicines, I do not pretend that
none of 'em ought to be omitted ; for the Efficacy of a Remedy does not confiit in the
Multitude of Drugs. Only I thought fit to propose a considerable number of them,
that every Man may chufe fuch of them as he can moft eafily procure: but there are
fome particular Compofitions for dangerous Difeafes, in which I wou'd not have the
leaft Circumfiance omitted.
'Tis certainly, a great HappineFs for fuch as keep Horfes to live near fkilful and
expert Farriers. In the moft considerable Towns you will always find fome, on
whofe Skill you may fecurely depend, and who are able to perform boldly without
Prefumption, and certainly without Confuiion, all the Operations that are neceffary
for the Cure of the Difeafes mentioned in this Book. But fince the Conveniency of
fuch fkilful Neighbours is not to be found every where, the fureft way will be for eve-
ry Man to endeavour after a competent Meafure of Knowledge in this Art, and to
neglect no Opportunities of Inflru&ion. And fince there are several laborious
Compofitions, it will be neceflary to have Recourfe to an Apothecary, who
ought to be faithful in chufing, fkilful in preparing, and reasonable in getting a Price
on his Drugs.
I am confident that all thofe who have any Inclination for Horfes may by a feri-
ous Perufal of the enfuing Difcourfe attain to a perfed Knowledge of their Difeafes,
and be able to cure them fuccefsfully.
Before you you proceed to cure a fick Horfe, you muft labour, in the firit place, to
know the Nature and Caufes of his Diftemper. I confefs 'tis very hard to make an
exact Judgment of thefe things'in Horfes, who are destitute of Reafon, and the Ufe of
Speech. We are, for the moft part, forc'd to depend on bare Conjeaurvs, from which
we muft draw fuch Inferences as are neceffary for the Difcovery of proper Reme-
B 2 utdi
4 The Compleat Horfeman. PA II.
dies. 'Tis plain that Experience, Study, and above all, a great deal of Care and
Attention are neceffary Qualifications of a Farrier; fince the Cure of thofe Difeafes
that are already fuppos'd to be known, depends on Two Things, the choicee, and Ap
plication of Remedies.
If the Horfe be of efficient Value to merit a particular Care, you mull ftnd behind
him, and diligently observe the laft of his Aaions, that you may prcced wiith more
Certainty in the Choice of convenient Remedies.
'Ihe Negled of this Obfervation is the main Reafori why the greatcft Prt.of Farri-
ers h)ve' 1 ill Succefs in the Cure of Internal Diftempers. Tis impoeible, by a
tianfient View of a Horfe, to observe whether there is any-thing unduf.labout him,
or to prefribe suitable Remedies, and apply 'em in due time. For even tho we Rfand bt-
hind him, and consider attentively the very left of his Atdions, that wve iiay draw
fomc Light from 'em to guide us in our Procedi g!g, we are frequently aptto fallinto
Errours n ctwithftanding all our Care to prevlet eem, according to that Saying of
Hippocrate-s,' Occajlo preceps, ?diciumL djficile, expe; .imejitu pcricu;ofim. Daily Experience
teaches us, That 'tis very difficult to make a right Judgment of Diifafes inHdumne
BEoie:;; and how much harder muft it needs be in the Cafe of Horfes, the Nature
of whole Difcafes is to little known, because they have not been focarefully ftudy'd
as thofe of Men ; and besides thefe Animals are not able to discover their own Ails..
The Pradice of Country Farriers is usually grounded on a Traditional Convey-
ince of their Experience from Father to Son, from Mafier to Servant, or. from one
Com pinion to another, which, for want of Knowledge and Study, is not ahwavs at-
tended with Succefs. And thofe Difeafes that might have been crufh'd in the Eegin-
ning, are oftentimes render'd incurable for want cf a timely Difcovery of their Nature
Thefe PraCtitioners pafs for Men of Knowledge, tho' they are acquainted only
with External Diftempers, and 1Manual Operations, which nevertheless they perform
after a very indifferent Manner, and are perfect Strangers to the Fundamental Princi-
ples of the Art they profefs. Si conf]itutionem ab into non cogncfcat, & id quod in corpore
domln:atir, ron potent ea qus animal condicwint offerre. Thefe Words which I have bor-
row'd from Hippocrates contain the Sum of what I have faid on this Occafion and
thofe who understand them will be of my Opinion.
Another Effential Reafon, why even the moft expert Farriers are frequently unfuc-
cefsful, is, because they husband their Drugs left they flou'd not be fifficiently paid for
them: For Inftance, fuppofe they fhou'd give a Remedy to a Horfe to the Value of four
or five Shilliings, they mult exped to be laugh'd at for demanding fuch a Price. The
fame may be faid of Cordials that ought to be given in Fevers, which are to dear that
one single Potion wou'd coft Six or Eight Shillings. People are not accuflom'd to fee
fuch Remedies given, and wou'd refufe to pay for them. And therefore the Farriers
make their Drenches with old Drugs, which are to be had at low Rates., and prepare
fuch Cordials as are apt rather to encreafe than allay the Heat and Inflammation.
People are generally plas'd when they fee their Horfes void a great deal of Matter,
without confildering the Quality of the Matter that ought to be evacuated ; and think
their Horfes well purg'd, which is direEtly opposite to the true Method of Cure, if we
may give Credit to Hippocrates, Si talia purgantur qualia purgari oportet, confert, & levi-
ter fe~w:t ; fin minus, contra : But this Errour proceeds rather from Avarice than Want of
Skill. Neverthelefs in all my Pra6ice, I never obferv'd any Horfes to recover that
wcre feiz'd with a continual Fever without any Intermiflion for Eight and forty
Hour", even tho' they were committed to the Care of the moft Skilful Farriers. For,
to fpcak plainly, Phyficians themselves, as well as others, are ftrangely puzzl'd about
the Cure of thefe Fevers ; Nature is neither able alone to overcome 'em, nor we to
fiiift her upon cccafion.
I will not pretend to prefcribe a Method for the Cure of continual Fevers, fine
thev are not to be conquered by the belt Medicines ; yet the fick Horfe may recover, if
the Dif afe be nipp'd in the Bud by a Remedy timely adminifired, and the Heart be
preferv'd found without inflaming it by fuch Cordials as are usually given: For Far-
riers a~' wont to compose their Cordials of the moft common and cheapeft Drugs. Pro-
pofe :the Cordial Powder to them, which you will find deferib'd in this Book, 'tis too
dear, .hey il tl:l ye, and in the mean time they tfffer the Horfes to perifh. For a
Cordial Reic' ibould strengthen by a Specific Virtue, and not by a fiery Heat
and all Cordials for Horfes ought to be composed of Simples that strengthen without
Inflammation. 'e Cordial Waters of Scorzonera, Carduus Benediatus, Sabious, Rofs,
C H A. II. 'h e Compleat Horfeman. 5
and other Plants are admirable, for they both moiften and corroborate but one Horfe
muft have three Pints of 'em, with fome. good Confe6tion, fuch as that of HIvaciht or
Alkermes, without either Musk or Amber, which then are not fo dear as 'tis commonly
believed, or with half a Dram of the Grain that is us'd in dying Scarlet, with the Roots
of Zedoary, Contra-yeiva, Elecampanei, Cubebs, &c. The Efence of Vipers is the a&s of
true Cordials, able to preserve the Heart from the Venom and extraneous Heat of a con-
tinual Fever, and to relieve the fick Horfe if it be given affoon as the Fever appears.
Thefe Cordials and Bleeding are the proper Remedies of Fevers, as we fall after-
wards declare when we come to treat of thefe Difeafes. I have 6ften obferv'd that
the Feverifh Heat has been extinguiih'd by another greater, which being agreeable to
Nature, is alfifted by her to defioy that strange Fire which confumes hcr. But this
is not applicable to Men, who have a very different Conflitution from that of there
The Tler;lacal Salt of Vipers is alfo an Excellent Cordial; and all the Parts of the
Viper are endu'd with an admirable Vertue to preserve the Heart of a Horfe.from
the Malignity caused by a Fever. But fince thefe Remedies ought to ad quickly, the
moft excellent Cordials are fuch as are liquid, or composed of Volatile Salts; for
they penetrate immediately, and exert their Force aflbon as they are put into the
I have preferv'd an infinite Number of Horfs from Hcad-Achs Ly the Help of a
Mineral or Powder, defcrib'd in this Book ; but there is no certain Rcmedy for the
Cure. For after the Difeafe has taken Root, the Cure sometimes fuccecds, and fcrme
times fails; and never any hitherto cou'd boaft of an Infallible Remedy in this Cafe,
tho' thefe thgt I have propes'd are very good. But fiEce thefe Difeafes change, and
do nut fill continue the fame, we muff alfo invent new Remedies.
C HAP. IL
Obfervations concerning the Signi of Sickne in a Horfe.
T O proceed with Succefs in the Cure of the Diftempers of Hcrfes, we muff not
only have a general Idea of their Difeafes, but alfo consider them attentively to
discover their particular Ails, The firft Sign that a Horfe gives of his Indifpofition is
his Loathing his Food; therr yon m aft obferve whether he has a wild and hagard Look,
for the Eye of a Horfe is, as it were, a Glafs thro' which you may difcern the in-
ward Difpofition of his Body; whether his Ears be cold, his Mouth hot, and foamy
or clammy; the Hair on his Flanks rough and faring, and paler than usually about
the Ends; his Dung hard, and black or greeniih ; and his Urine clear and undigefted
like Water. There are alfo other Signs which denote Sicknefs~ his Eyes weep ; his
Head is heavy, and hangs down heis apt to fRumble as he walks he is flow and dull,
tho' he was vigorous before; he never trouble other Horfes, contrary to his former
Cuflom; he rifes often and lies down in the Stable,, looking towards his Flanks which
are doubled or folded in; his Heart beats, which may be felt by laying your open
Hand between the ShouTder and Sengle on the left Side; he takes no notice of what
is done to him; besides feveral other Signs which hall be particularly defcrib'd in their
When a Horfe that has been long lick piffes without firiding, and even without
thruffing forth his Yard, letting his Water drop into the Skin or Sheath, it is almost
always a Sign of Death ; unlefs in fuch Horfes as have the the fame Cuflom when they
are in Health, in which Cafe you muft draw no Conjeaures from this Sign, tho' they
continue to pi fs after the fame manner during their Sicknefs.
Another no lefs Lftal Sign is when the Hair of his Tail and on his Skull may be cafily
'Tis a dangerous Sign when a lick Horfe either never lies down, or flarts up gain
immediately, not being able to breathe freely in a lying Potfure whereas if in the
Declination of his Sicknefs he lie down, and continue long in that PoflArc, 'tis a very
i in .. .. .. ... . ..... ... __ .. .. .- --- "'i I.
6 The Compleat Horfeman. PART 1.
i .^- --- "*--- -""--
'When a fick Horfe turns up the Whites of his Eyes above, you may conclude that
he is in Paini, and that his Difeafe will be of long continuance.
From thefe Signs you may conjecture in the general, that your Horfe is fick ; and
afte wards you muff endeavour to discover his particular Diflemper, that you may be
able to apply fuitable Remedies. A Difeafe that is known is half cur'd: Morbnm wofe
cw atoms p i piripZltm.
I fall consider in Order the Difeafes of all the Parts of the Body, beginning
with thofe of the Head, not omitting the left Diftemper. And in particular I fall
obferve this Method. In the frfl place, I fall propofe a fhort Definition of the Dif-
eafe, with an Account of its Caufes; and then, having defcrib'd it as clearly and
plainly as 'tis poffible to do on Paper, I flhall proceed to prefcribe the proper Remedies.
CHA P. III.
Of the Lampas.
T H E Lampas is a Lump or Excrefcency of Flefh, about the Bignefs of a Nut,
in the Roof of the Mouth, which rifes above the Teeth, sometimes more,
and sometimes lefs. The Horfe endeavouring to eat his Oats feels a Pain in this
Part, fo that he is forc'd to leave off Feeding: Young Horfes are ufually troubled
with this Diftemper. Affoon as you open their Mouth, you may perceive the Roof
of their Mouth to be higher than their Teeth, which we call the Lampas. It is
cur'd by taking it away with an Infirument of Iron made for that Purpofe, and
heated red hot. The leaft Farrier's Prentice knows how to perform this Operation:
but you muff beware left an aukward Operator having made his Iron too hot, after
he has cut thro' the Thicknefs of the Excrefcency, fhou'd by touching it over several
times, burn the Bone: for then the Bone willfcale, and federal dangerous Confequences
may follow, which muft be avoided by taking off the Lampas at one ftroak, without
coming over the Place again after it is cut off.
The Farriers at Paris make a Scruple to burn the Lampas in young Horfes, fo long
as they have any of their Colt's Teeth: and 'tis my Opinion that this Excrefcency
ought not to be taken away till they have put forth all their. Teeth, if it does not
very much trouble 'em, and hinder 'em from eating.
Of the Barbs.
T H E S E are finally and inconfiderable Excrefcences of Flefh uuder the Tongue, like
thofe that we fee in Barbels: They hinder the Horfe from Drinking, and may be
feen by drawing the Tongue afide. They are cur'd by cutting 'em offas clofe as may be
with a pair of Cizzars, and rubbing the place with Salt, which heals of it felf, with-
out further trouble.
Of the Tick.
Y O U may find a particular description of that which is called the Tick, in the
Five and Twentieth Chapter of the Second Part. The Remedies that are us d
against it do not .always fucceed. Some tie a Leathern Thong of the breadth of three
CHA P. VL T he Compleat Horfeman. 7
Fingers about the Horfes Neck, near his Head, yet fo as not to obitrut his Breath -
which makes him either leave off this Cuftom, or ufe it very little.
Others cover the Brims of the Manger with Plates of Brafs or Copper, on which the
Horfe is afraid to lean his Teeth, and abftains from his ufuil port for fbme ti:,le but
there are ifme fo addited to that Recreation, that they will not be thus frighted
At the beginning it will be fufficierit to rub the brims of the Manger with Come very
bitter Herb, or with Cow's or Dog's Dung. Some cover them with a Sheep's Skin, the
woolly fide outwards, which makes the Horfe defift for fome time from this Cuftom.
But the fureft way is to make him eat in a place where there is no Manger, but only
a Rack, and tying him with a Buckle to the Wall, to give him his Oats in a Haver-
Sack or Bag which hangs at his Hcad by a String, fich as Troopers ife in the Army.
I have feen Horfes perfectly cur'd of this ill Cuftom, by one of thCfe means, even
after they were eight Years old, and consequently habituated to it.
Of Wolve's Teeth.
IN this Diftemper the Grinders grow either outwards or inwards, fu that when the
Horfe feeds, the points of thole Teeth that are higher than the reft, hurt him, by
pricking his Flefh or Tongue, and make him give over Eating.
This Inconvenience is of no great confequence, yet it puzzles federal Perfons when
they fee a Horfe forfake his Meat, without any manifeft caufe, and pine away when
there is no apparent defeat either in his Eyes or Hair, and even when he is otherwise
brisk and lively. You muft handle his Grinders, and if you feel the points of 'em thro'
his Lips, take a fort of Upfet of Iron, which Farriers commonly ufe, and getting his
Mouth open, thefe points will appear, which you may break off with a Googe, an In-
firument with which every Farrier is furnifh'd ; but you muft beware left by striking
heedlefly on the Googe, a gccd Tooth, or even -the whole Jaw be Icofen'd. To pre-
vent this Inconvenience, which may eafily happen, instead of ufirg the Googe, you
may make the Horfe champ on a great Fib us d by Lockfmiths, which will break off
the overgrown points, if they are not too big: But he muft chaw the File a quarter of
an hour on both fides.
I had once a Mule, one of whofe Nether-Grinders grew to a prodigious length : It
happened that the upper Tooth, direly opposite to it, fell out, and that below grew
up into the void face, and by degrees pierc'd the Roof of his Mouth about the thick-
nefs of ones Finger, which tormented him exceedingly when he drunk. I have re-
lated this Example as an extraordinary cafe, to fhow that when once the Teeth exceed
their due meafure, and are not daily worn by chewing, they may grow to an extra-
ordinary length, and even cut the Roof of the Mouth.
I faw an old Horfe, one of whofe great Teeth below was a whole Finger's breadth
longer than the reft of his Grinders we were ferc'd to caft him with a great deal of
trouble, before we could break it off with a Googe, and his Jaw was fo loofen'd by
the violence of the Operation, that he could not eat without much pain for fifteen days
after: But at length he recovered and fed heartily, which he could not do before that
monftrous Tooth was broken.
Young Horfes are as rarely fubjef to this Diftemper, as they are frequently troubled
with the Lampas: For the Roof of the Mouth grows lank and dry as the Horfe grows in
You muff obferve that when you open the Horfes Mouth with the above-mentioned
Upfet, to take away the Lampas, Barbs, or Irolve's Teeth, that part of the Inftrument
which refts upon the nether Jaw muft be covered with fome old Ragg', to preserve the
Jaw from being hurt by it. I have feen federal Horfes whofe Mouths were fpoil'd by
neglealing fo neceffary a precaution.
8 The Compleat'Horfeman. PART II.
Of Hurts or W1ounds in the Mouth,
W1 H E N the Bit bears too hard upon the Horfe's nether Jaw, whether by the care,
S lefnefs of the Rider, or fome other reason, the Bars are oftentimes wounded
or broken. If the Hurt be finally, and the Bone entire, you may rub the part with
Honey of Rofes, eight or ten times every day.
But if the Bone be broken, and when you touch the Sore with your Finger, if you find
a fharp point or prick, or if there be an Ulcer already produced, moiften a little Cotton
in Spirit of Vitriol or Spirit of Salt, which you muff put into the hole of the Jaw, and
while it remains there, hold the Horfe's Tongue with one Hand, and with the other
keep his Mouth open: For 'tis dangerous to pour the Spirit by drops into the Ulcer, reft
foine of it should fall upon a found part, and corrode it alfo. Afterwards rub the Sore
every day, with Honey of Rofes or common Honey; and the Efcar or Scab will fall off,
and the Bone Scale of it felf: The Scab being fall'n, anoint the part frequently with.
Aqua Vita, or put Sugar into it till the Sore be heal'd. If there be a hole in the law,
accompany'd with Rottennefs and Stench, which you may know by putting your Finger
into it, without finding a Scale, and by the ftinking Corruption with which your Finger
will be fmear'd when you pull it out; you muff fill the hole 3 or 4 times every day with
Sugar beaten fall, which will quickly cleanfe it, and continue after the fame manner
till the hole be clos'd up, and the Jaw heaPd. But you muff take care afterwards to
put a single Canon-bit in the Horfes Mouth, and never to ufe any more the Bit that
hurt him, which would fpoilhis Mouth without Remedy. If only the Tongue be hurt;
it will quickly heal of it felf, without any application, if you change the Bit, and
take another that will fuffer his Tongue to move freely.
Sometimes it happens that the Bone is fplit quite downwards under the Flefh of the
Jaw, where Matter gathering corrupts the Bone and by the provident care of Nature
to throw off that putrid Matter, it corrodes the Skin, and caufes a Tumor or Swelling-
to open a paffage to the Corruption, and discharge a part of it. In this cafe you muft
fift fearch the depth of the hole with a Probe; for I have sometimes found that the
Probe reached into the very Mouth: And then make an Incifion above the Beard with a
Red-hot Knife, reaching downwards, and dividing the Skin to the very tone; after
which put in the Probe again to guide the actual Cautery or Red-hot Iron, with which
you muft touch the Bone several times, till all the corrupted part of it be throughly
burnt. And to haften the Exfoliation or falling off-of the Scales, you muff anoint
the whole burnt part with good Oyl of Bay, every fix hours, for the pace of two days.
But iince it is neceflary that the Horfe should eat to preserve his Life, the motion of
the Jaw, and of the part affected which is very moift, will make the Flefh grow excef-
fively, which, unlefs prevented in time, will ftop the hole you made in the Jaw, and
hinder the Scales from falling off. And therefore you muff take care to keep the paffage
open, by burning the proud Flefh with a hot Iron; and even sometimes the burning
muff be repeated three or four times: or, iniftead of that, you may put Powder of Sub-
limate in the hole over-againft the Beard where the Flefh grows too faft. For on the Bars
within the Mouth you muff only put Sugar into the hole, and the fcale of the Bars will
easily fall off: Butdi5 the Jaw.you will find it very difficult to separate the fcale that
should come out of the hole on the Beard, and this is the part where the Flefh grows fo
exceflively. In thelaft place, after the fcales are falln off, you muff put Sugar beaten
fmall into the hole within the Mouth, and on the Wounds made on the Beard, and
afterwards wafh 'em with Aqua Vita and Burnt Allum, continuing in the fame manner
till the Cure be perfected.
CHA P. VIII. The Compleat Horfeman. 9
CHA P. VIII.
Of Loathhig of Food, or, Want of Appetite.
A Horfe is faid to be troubledwith this Diftemper,reither when he eats lefs than he SECTr
was wont to do, or eats flowly and without Appetite, or when he abflains from
eating any Oats at all. This Difeafe may proceed from several Caufes, fome of which
are easily known and cur'd, whereas others are uncertain, especially in the beginning
of dangerous and doubtful DifeafeS.
I hall proceed to consider the various Caufes of this Diftemper, with the proper
Remedies of each cafe. Some Horfes are naturally fo nice and fqueamifh, that the
left bit of Filth, or fprig of mufty Grafs, Which they find among their Oats, any in-
confiderable T rifle, or almost nothing at all, is sufficient to put 'em out of conceit with,
their Food. But as they are apt on every flight occasion to forfake their Meat, fo they
eafily recover their wonted Appetite. This Infirmity proceeds from certain little
Worms within the Lips of the Horfes, both above and below, which caufe fuch an
Itching, that they are continually rubbing their Lips against the Manger, and without
any other Indifpofition abftain from Eating. If you turn back their Lips, the Worms
appear like little Lumps or Pufhes.
To cure this Diftemper you muff cut the uppermcft Skin within the Lips, in the
parts where you fee the Worms, with a fharp Knife or Lance, and afterwards rub the
Incifion, and all the Infide of the Lips with Salt and Vinegar, and the Horfe will
quickly recover his Appetite.
If you are wholly ignorant of the caufe that makes your Herfe loath his Food. I
am of opinion that 'tis very proper in the Morning to bleed him in the Roof of the
Mouth with a fharp-pointed piece of a Hart or Buck's-Horn, or (which produces the
fame effect) with a Lance. The Operation is thus perfori'd ; find out the middle of
the Roof between the two Crocks, or, if it be a Mare, at the third or fourth Furrow
of the Mouth, and prick the part with a Lance or piece of Buck's Horn, either of
which may be us'd without any difficulty: Then give the Horfe two Pecks of moiflen'd
Bran, to flop the Bleeding.
If he continue to bleed after he has eat his Bran. draw up his Head with a Halter,
as if you were going to give him a Dreich, and immediately the Bleeding will be
But if after you have kept his Head in that pofitre for a considerable time, he be-
gin to bleed again as foon as you let it doWin, you may eafily ftop the Blood, without
failing up his Head, by applying an empty Nut-fjell to the Wound : You muftprefs it
on somewhat hard, and hold it there for fome time; after which it will flick, and
itop the Blood more eafily and effeAually than moft other Remedies. For if I cculd
cure a Horfe with a Trifle, I would prefer that Trifle before the moft precious Drugs
in both the Indies.
This way of Bleeding may be us'd on all occasions, when the nature of the Difeafc
is uncertain : For it does frequently a great deal of good, and is always innocent.
'Tis pra&Ois'd fo universally in Germany, that moft Coachmen carry a Ho n at their
Girdle, both because they efteem it an Ornament, and for the convenency of bleed-
ing their Horfes in the Roof of the Mouth. For as foon as a Horfe bl,-ns to grow
dull and ftupid, or to forfake his Meat, immediately they prick him with the Horn,
which (as I have already told you) they carry always about with 'em.
But if the Diftemper will not yield to this Remedy, you muft make the Horfe
champ on a Bit for two Hours, and from time to time take it out of his Mouth, and
put it in again. Give him alfo good innocent Clyfers, and labour to dif'over the true
caufe of his Diftemper.
Whatever be the original Caufe of his Averfion to his Food, and even tho' he be fick
(which happens not unfrequently) you muft make him chew a Ball ty'd to the Bit,
keeping him bridled two hours ; and affoon as you take the Bridle from his Head, he
will eat. You will find the Defcription of the Ball, towards the End of this Chapter.
If the Horfe be troubled with this Diftemper, when Radifljs are in Seafon, which are
cry'd about Streets '- commonly, you muat make him eat a good quantity of 'em, b ,th
Leaves and Roots : for they will restore his Appetite, and make him tale : 'tis an eafie
Remedy, and grateful to Horfes that flight their Food; and the fame may be faid of
10 The Compleat Horfeman. PAR T/ I
red Parfnips boiled,, which are often very effeaual in this Cafe. The Herb Horfe-Tail,
called in Latin Cauda Equina or Equ~fetum, is alfo a good Remedy either dry or green,
to reflore a Horfe's Appetite, and to cleknfe his Teeth: It grows in moif places,
and ferves to four Veflels.
Half an Ounce of Affa-fetida, and as much Powder of Savin, put into a Bag, ty'd
to the Bit, and left for two hours in the Horfe's Moutha will cure his Loathing: but
the Ufe of this Remedy muft be repeated every day federal times, and the fame Bag
will ferve a long time.
You muff obferve whether there is not an unufual Heat in the Horfe's Body, which
you may perceive by the Beating or Heaving of his Flanks: if there is not, you may
give him an Ounce of Treacle well diluted in White or Red Wine, for want of which
you may ufe Orvieta ; for thefe Medicines confume-the Crudities that remain in the
Stomach, and reflore left Appetite.
If he does not .bftain totally from eating, as we only fpeak of Horfes that flight
their Food, fuppofing that they eat sometimes, tho' little and flowly ; let Savin be
S feep'd im Water, and with that moiften his Oats and Bran, and even his Hay,
which will make him feed more heartily. This Method muft be continued for
The following Remedy is generally known and prepared by all forts of Perfons; yet
fince I'm refolv'd to omit nothing that may be of Ufe, I hall infert it here. Take
about two Glaffes of Verjuice, or of Vinegar, even or eight Heads of Garlick bruis'd,
about two Ounces of white Salt, and half a Pound of Honey ; Mix 'em in a Pot, and
dip the end of a Stick wrapt about with Linen, in this Compofition, with which you
4nuft rub his Gums, Lips and Tongue ; then take the Bit out of his Mouth, and he
will infallibly begin to eat, but if he lcave off too foon, you amuft repeat the Uf'e of
the Remedy. Some put Honey of Rofes into this Mixture, but common Honey is efficient,
and very effe6tual.
Before you rub his Mouth with this Compofition, 'tis very convenient to wafh it well
with a Spunge dipt in cold Water, to take away the bitter Foam, which oftentimes is
the main Caufe of his Averfion to his Meat.
You may alfo beat five or fix Heads of Garlick iith a little handful of Salt, and ty-
ing 'em in a Clout to the Bit, leave 'em in his Mouth for the face of half an hour,
or a whole hour.
I often make ufe of an Ounce of good fa-fatida, ty'd to the Bit in a Clout, which
'I fuffer him to chew for the face of two hours ; and the Difeafe muft he very inve-
terate if it yields not to this Remedy. Affoon as he leaves off eating I put the Bit in
his Mouth again, and the fame Affa-fatida will ferve till it be perfealy diffolv'd.
If after all thefe Remedies the Horfe continue fill to flight his Food, take a Branch
of Laurel of an indifferent bignefs, and put it between his Jaw-Teeth, that he may
champ upon it: then rub the Lanrel-Branch with Honey of Rojes, or, if that cannot
be had, with common Honey, and put it into his Mouth ; rub it again with Honey,
and continue after the fame manner for the face of half an hour, after which he will
certainly begin to eat.
A Branch of a Fig-Tree will almoft produce the fame Effet&.
When a Horfe forfakes his Meat, you muft leave no means uneffay'd to make him
eat without Confiraint : you muft be often with him, especially if his Averfion proceed
from Sicknefs, give him a little Hay to eat from your Hand, and if he refufe to take
it, let him ftand half an hour with a Bit in his Mouth ; then take it out again, and,
offer him fome Pieces of Bread, and if he will not eat, wafhl his Mouth with a Spunge,
and afterwards give him fome Oats out of your Hand; and, to conclude, ufe all the
Ways imaginable to prevent the total Lofs of his Appetite, for which Purpore the fol-,
lowing Ar4man is of wonderful Efficacy.
The fureft Remedy that can be us'd is to mix an Ounce of ier of Atimony in fine
Powder, with moifien'd Bran, repeating the Dofe twice every Day for it will infalli-
bly make him eat heartily, and preferve him in good Health. You will find the De-
fcription and Compofition of this Remedy in the 67tb Chapter, SeE!. 14. You may
continue the Ufe of it as long as you pleafe, without the leaft ill Confequence, unless
when the Horfe has an Inclination to void the Strangles, for Lier of Antimony cools,
and in that Cafe hot Remedies are proper.
CH A P. VIII. The Compleat Horfeman. z
n ~~ -n- a"I
S E C T. 2. An Arman for a fick Horfe who loaths his Food,
Take a Dif-full of the Heart of a white Loaf crumbled fmall, moiften it with
Verjuice, or for want of that, with Vinegar; add a sufficient quantity of Salt and
Honey of Rofes or of Violets, or, if neither ofthefe can be had, of common Honey : then
put the thin Pafte into a Pot, and let it boil over a gentle Fire about a quarter of an hour,
till the fuperfluous moifiure be confum'd. Afterwards add two drams of Cinnamon in
powder, a dozen and a half of Cloves, a Nutmeg grated, and half a pound, of Powder-
Sugar ; then boil 'em again over a flow Fire half a quarter of an hour, that the Ingre-
dients may be thorowly mix'd, and the Spices may incorporate with the Bread: but
the Fire muft be very finally, for the least excefs of Heat wou'd make the Virtue of the
Aromatic Drugs exhale.
Take an Oxe's Pizzle, let the great End of it foak in Water four or five hours till
it be foften'd, after which make the Horfe chew it between his Grinders or Jaw-Teeth,
which will flatten it a little, or you may beat it with a Hammer: then putting the quan-
tity of a Nut of th' Arman upon it, open the Horfe's Mouth, making him put out his
Tongue on one fide that he may not be able to flit it, and thruff in the Pizzle with the
Medicine as far as you can: then let his Tongue go, and after he has champ'd a while,
put more of the Arnman on the Pizzle, and thruft it again into his Mouth. Do this
five or fix times, and after the face of three hours fuffer him to eat if he pleafes : then
put in the Pizzle again as formerly, and continue after the fame manner every three
This A; man is very proper for all Horfes that are lick and forfake their Meat, provi-
ded they have no Fever, and I have always found it effeaLual: for it nourifhes, and
infallibly reftores left Appetite. You muft not thruft in the Pizzle violently, but fuf-
fer the Horfe to draw it in to thebottom of his Throat,holding it by the other end : and
it will make him caft forth a great deal of bitter and cholerick Flegm which makes
him loath his Food. As often as you take out the Pizzle you muff cleanfe it and wipe
it with Hay, before you put it in again.
This Remedy is not the lefs valuable because 'tis common ; for if the Ufe of it be
continued, it will certainly produce the defir'd Effect it nourifhes, encreafes the Ap-
petite, and firengthens the natural Heat.
'Tis alfo good to clear the Throat of a Horfe that has fwallow'd a Feather. or any
other Matter that flicks in his Throat; for Which purpose you muift ffer him to chew
the Pizzle with the Medicine,and fuckit in,without thrufting it violently forwards. To
conclude, this is a very fafe Remedy, and is never attended with any ill Confequences:
but if the Pizzle be not foften'd, or if you thruft it in violently, you may kill the
Horfe by burfting his Throat ; which Misfortune may be eafily prevented by a careful
Obfervance of the above-mention'd Direfions, the neglect of which has, to my
Knowledge, been fatal to fome Horfes.
SEC T. 3. Chewing-Balls to reflore loft Appetite.
SThere cannot be a greater Vexation to a Man who loves his Horfes, than to fee 'em lofe
their Appetite, and forfake their Meat on a Journey. Accidents of this Nature are
very common, and the ufual Remedies that are prefcrib'd in this Cafe are inefie6tual; nor
could I ever meet with any fire Medicine but this, which I have try'd fo often, and with
fo good Succefs, that I thought my felf obliged not to deprive the Publick of the Know-
of fo ufeful a Remedy, not only for Horfes that are troubled with Want of Appetite with-
out any other Diftemper, but even when this Symptom proceeds from another Difeafe.
Thefe Balls bring forth that falt Humour and bitter Phlegm which obftrud the Pafia-
ges of the Throat, and make'em loath their Food. And they will alfo produce the Effed
of thofe Remedies called Apopblegmatifmi, which are prefciib'd by Phylicians to purge
Take a Pound of A.a fetida, as much Liver of Antimonyj half a pound of the Wood
of a Bay-Tree, an,equal quantity of uMniper-Wood, and two ounces of i'llitory cf Spain :,
beat all the Ingredients apart, to a grofs Powder, for which rcafon the Woods mutt be
C 2 dry'd
12 'The Compleat Horfeman. PART .
dry'd, then put 'em all together into a large Mortar, and incorporate 'cm with a uffi-
cient quantity of good Grape-Verjuice well clarify'd, pouring it in by degrees, till they
are reduc'd, to a Mafs, of which make Balls of the weight of an ounce and a half, to
be dry'd in the Sun.
Take one of thefe Balls, wrap it in a Linen Clout, and tying a Thread to it, make
the Horfe chew it two hours in the Morning' and he will eat affoon as you unbridle
him: Do the fame at Night, and perfift in this Method till the Horfe recover his Apj
petite. When one Ball is confum'd put in another.
You miny ufe thefe Balls on the Road, by tying one of 'em to the Bridle .: and you
mrft perfift in the Ufe of 'em till the Horfe begin to feed hcartily, which he wilt
quickly do, if he be not troubled with fome other Diftemper.
You may alfo make ufe of Cordial-Pills bade of Treacle, which produce almost the
fame Efufct. You muft tie 'em in a Clout to the Bit, and make the Horte chew them
two hours in the Morniig, and as long in the Afternoon ; and aflbon as the Bit is taken
out, he will infallibly begin to eat, and his Appetite will encreafe by degrees, if the
ufe of the Remedy be continued.
4. Pills or Balls
Thefd Fills are good to make Horfes eat, but they muff be fwallow'd down, whereas
the former Pills are only ordered to be ch(w'd. The above-mentioned Balls are proper
for all forts of Horfes ; but thefe Fills muft not be given to a Horfe that is either ctual-
ly troubled with the Strangles, or inclin d to them, because they are not hot. And be-
fides, 'tis not fo difficult to tie a Ball to the Bit, as to make a Horfe fallow a Pil!.
The Pills are thus prepared ; Take a pound of Liver of Antimoiy, beaten to a very
fine Powder, and with the Mucilage," or thick and flimy solution of Gum Tragacaith,
make Pills or Balls each weighing ten drams, and lay them to dry.
Make the Horfe fwallow two of thefe Balls whole, with a-Pint of Wine, keeping.
him bridled two hours after, and repeat the fameDofe every day,for the fpaceofa Month.
Thefe Pills are very ufeful, but they are Cooling, and therefore (as I intimated before)
muff nor be given to Horfes when they are cafting forth the Matter of the Strangles
thro' their Noftrils, or are inclined to do fo, nor in any cafe that requires hot
5. How to nouri/h a
Horfe that forfakes
'his Maeat du-
Some Horfes, when they are Sick, abftain totally from Feeding, in which cafe you
rnuf labour with all your might, to deliver them .from the Difeafe that oppreffes 'em,
both by the Choice of good Remedies, and a due and convenient application of them ;
and in the composition of every Medicine you muff have a special regard to the re-
floring of their Appetite, that the Remedy may not only be proper for the Cure of
the Diftafe, but agreeable to the Stomach. The application of thefe Rules to parti-
cular rpfes would require an Account of all the Difeafes to which Horfes are fubje6t,
and therefore I hall at present content my felf with laying down this general Obfer-
vation, that when a Horfe abfiains obftinately from all manner of Food, you muft
tfe all means that are not contrary to his Diftemper to make him eat, left you be forced
it laft to have recourfe to violent Methods, fuch as the ufual way of pouring in his
neceffary Suftenance with a Horn, which cannot be done without drawing up his
Head with a Halter, and putting him into a very uneafie pofture, which hinders
him from breathing freely, and increases the Fever when he has any. I confess
you may make him fwallow a Draught without ufing theHalter; but even that cannot
be done without expofing him in fome measure to the fame Inconveniencies.
I cannot approve the Method of thofe who if a Horfe abfiain from eating for the
face of twelve or fifteen hours, and even tho' he be feiz'd with a Fever, immediately
give him a Quart or two of AMilkwithTolks of ELggs, which they imagine is fufficient
to prevent all the ill effecs of his preceding Abflinence. But besides that, a Horfe
may be fuffer'd to faft two days without any danger; this fort of Nourifhment is not
at all agreeable to his Stomach, and even is apt to make him Sick, tho' he was not
fo before: 'Tis true Milk yields good Nourifhment, and is -eafily digefted ; but 'tis
H A P. VII, he Compleat ti lofjcm 3
fubjet to the common Inconveniency of the beft Aliments, that it quickly corrupts in
a dilorder'd Stomach, where it curdkes and occasions violent Pains, and if it be not caft
forth at the Mouth (which a Horfe cannot do, fince he never Vomits) it hardens, and
produces dangerous Obftruaions. So that Hippocrates had reason to Forbid the ue of it
in I)ifeafes of the Head, Fevers, and fonie other cat:s, tho' he recommends it on certain
occafions L.ra d4e capite dolentibus mahfi, malum etiam febricitantibus. If that famous
Author thought itinconvgniqnt for Men who are accuftom'd to it, and can diitharge it
by, vomiting,: how prejudicial muft it be .to Horfes, who never tafte a drop of it after
they leave off Sucking, and besidess cannot Vomit ? I have made. fome Trials of it,
but always without; the leaft Succefs, especially when,the Horfes were Feverith. InSto-
mnacho agrotantiinm Animaliinu acejit lac,,fe, non imprimitritr itali Caradere, propterea aci-
dias fit putreja~iva, qna non nutrit, fed malnm airget. Thofewho will not be diff aded by
thefe Reafons -rom feeding their Sick Horfes with Milk, may blame their own Indif'
creation .or the ill fuccefs of, the Cure. For, let a Perfon who is in HIealth drink a Glafs
of Milk fafietg, and immediately Vomit it up again, as fome can do without the leaft
difficulty, ,e will findth ,tkis already become fowre, and even half coagulated, or
turned to .. hee,' by reafon of the Acid or Sharp Juice i1 the Stomach of all forts of
Animals: For 'tis a vulgar Obfervation that Acids have a power to curdle or coagulate
Milkf, which therefore cannot be agreeable to the Stomach of a Sick Horfe, where it
prefently turns to Corruption, and infiead of nourifling him, encr;afes his Difeafe. 'Tis
true, this Experiment cannot be made upon a Horfe who never Vomit., but it may ferve
for a convincing: Argument, that, Milk is rather hurtful than profitable to a Difeas'd
Horfe. ^ ..
Some give their Horfes ftrong Flc, -Broths or fellies, which I have found by experi-
ence to be very. prejudicial to 'em ; for it.would be more proper to give 'em Extracts of
Hay and Oats, which are their ufual Food. The dangerouihefs of this Method will ap-
pear more evidently, if we consider that Horfes have fo strong an aversion to FlefJ and
-Fat, that fuch Broths are apter to deflr6y, than to reflore their Appetites: And all the
World knows that if the Teeth of a Horfe, who is in perfect Health, be rubb'd with
Fat or Suet, he. will forfake his Meat, much more when he is actually Sick.
I am not ignorant that th~e Fat, may be taken away from Broath ; but ftill 'tis plain
that any fort of Broth is nauifeous to a Horfe, and difagreeable to his Stomach, ancd
therefore oughtnnever to be given, fince there are other Aliments which are more na-
tural, and in all refi)ees .more convenient.
I commend a very tl in Broth made of Bread, especially the OmCr, boiled with Water
-and a little Salt, for 'tis certainly very proper NouriTfment for a Horfe that will neither
eat Hay, Oats, nor Bran. I have feen fome Horfes drink this Liquor like Water, which
nourifh'd 'em for a considerable time; and if they should happen to loath it, yon mnay
force it down their Throats with a Horn, fora very little quantity will flrve to fuftain
You may alfo feed the Sick Horfe with a Broth or Liquor, which is both cheap and
.eafily prepared, arid besides, is of the fame nature with his ufual Nourithment Tis
made of Oats or cleansed Barley well boil'd in pure Water, witho.P: Butter, Fat, or any
other mixture you mul train the Liquor from the G;ains, and give it him lukewarm.
It differs from his ordinary food only by the boiling of the Oats or a; Ivy, which cannot
make it prejudicial to a Stomach that is weakeund by the continuance oi a Difeafe. This
Method feems to be founded on Reafon, and agreeable to the dictates of good Scnie
And experience will discover its ufefulnefs.
Take a pound of Bar.ey-flower, well fears'd and purify'd from the Bran ; boil it iI
,about two pints of Water to a fuficient thicknefs, then take it from the Fire, and add
a quarter of a pound of Sugar. The quantity of Brotl here prefcrib'd is fuifcient to
fuflain a Horfe four and twenty Hours, and muff be given with a Horn. It moiftens
the Body when dry'd by a Feveriih heat or any other caufe ; but if the Fever be very
gentle, and the want of Appetiteproceed from fome other Caufc, you may add to the
roth an Ounce of the Cordial-Powder hereafter defcrib'd, which will contribute pow-
erfully to the recovery of .his Appetite: Or you may mix with the Broth an Ounce of
Liver of Antimony in Powder, which will make him Hungry, and allay the preterna-
tural heat of his Entrails.
When a Horfe is troubled with a Fever, Palpitation, or unusual beating of the H~i-t,
or any other hot or violent Difeafes which feldom continue long you muft be cai efhl
in proportioning the quantity of his Food, and neither give nor fiffer him to cat too
much. Exceffive Eating has, to my certain knowledge, proved fatal to fever:, I ioris,
14 The Compleat Horfeman. PART II.
who might have efcap'd, if they had been kept to a convenient, that is, a thin and
fpare Diet. A great quantity of Hay is very hurtful to Sick Horfes; and Straw is et!
ter, when it can be had. 'Tis certain, that in thofe Difeafes that are of fhort continu-
ance, few or no Horfts die of Himger, whereas a great number of 'em are killed by
When you are forc'd to give the Horfe his Food with a Hornf, you muft proceed
in that method according to his strength and fize. But if he eat without conftraint,
as it happens frequently by vertue of the& prepared Antimony inixt with his Bran,
which gives him an Appetite, you muff keep him to d firia Diet: For when the na-
tural Heat is wholly taken up in the Digeftion and Concottion of Aliments, it can-
not exert its force to confume the Humour that caufes the Difeafe ; and confequently
the Cure is retarded.
I recommend a firid Diet only in violent Diftempers, which are fot of any long
continuance; for when the Difeafe lafts long, you muft take other Meafures, and feed.
the Horfe, left the preternatural Heat should be augmented, and the body of the Horfe
fo dry'd, that you cou'd not afterwards restore him to his wonted Conftitution.
The Rules here laid down for the Nouriihment of Sick Horfes hall not be repeated
Before I engage further in the defcripticn of Renedies, it will not be improper
to admonifh thofe who are Lovers of Horfes, to beware of being Cheated by thofe
deceitful Praifes that are given to the Remedies commonly calld Secrets. The cuftonr
of extolling Remedies is grown fo general, that 'tis very hard to perceive whether thofe
who magnified 'em fo extremely, ad out of a principle of Juftice, or are fway'd by a
vain desire to make a Figure in the World, and to perfwade the Publick that they
are Mafters of fome rare and extraordinary Medicines. You may obferve, that
they who are defirous to gain Credit to their Remedies, will at left aflure you
that they are admirable, and that they cure all thofe who ufe 'em: You muff not
feem to doubt of their Infallibility, tho' in all their Defcriptions you can neither per-
ceive any Method, Regularity of Doles, nor the leaft appearance of Reafon, but muft
blindly believe that thofe rare Secrets have performed innumerable Cures. I advife you
not to fuffer your felt to be bubbled by fuch ill-grounded Praifes: For experience will
convince you, that they who have good Remedies never impart 'em but after long and
earneft Solicitations, and only'to their beft Friends. My design is not by difcrediting
others, to recommend my own Remedies; I only defire you to communicate 'em to
Judicious and Learned Perfons, and after you have heard their Opinion of 'em, to try,
and value 'em according to their Succefs. In the mean time I affure you that you have
in this Book the Summ of above Forty T7ectrs Labour and Experience, during which
time I have been fill endeavouring to find out and make trial of the beft Remedies for
Horfes; I have carefully perus'd all the Books that treat of this Subjea, confulted
Learned Men to refolve my Doubts, ftudied the various Effeds of Simples, and try'd
the Vertue of 'em not once but a hundred times.
I have made Additions and Alterations according to the various Stccefs I have had
in my Praftice, and without defiring in the left to magnifie my Skill, I can affure
you that the greatest part of the Remedies here communicated to the Publick, are of
my own Invention, and all of 'em composed Methodically, and grounded on Reafon.
Befides, I have freld) imparted all that I know, without concealing any thing, that
the Publick may enjoy the fruit of my Labour. Before I was Mafter of that little
Knowledge which Time and Experience have taught me, I efteem'd the Remedies
which I found to be effedual, fo precious, and kept 'em fo fecret, that I communica-
ted 'em to very few but I have i~nce overcome all thofe Prejudices. For 'tis certain,
that thofe who excel in any Art are never jealous of the reft of their Profefiion;
whereas common Artifts and half Proficients cannot endure to hear any Man praised
but themselves; and far from doing Juftice to the Merit of others, they imagine that
every acknowledgment of the Skill of their Fellcw-Profeffors is a diminution of their
own Glory. I pretend no right to the Title of Learned; -but I cannot forbear expref-
fing my fatisfadion to perceive that the favourable reception of this Treatife has ftirr'd
up the Indignation of fome Perfons who would be thought skilful.
As foon as it appeared, it was received by mcft Farriers with furious Exclamations
against the Method I prefcrib'd for the Cure of the Difbafes incident to Horfes, be-
caufe I did not think fit to follow their thread-bare way of Pra6ice. Since that time
several Perfons of Quality, who put fome confidence in my Experience, having com-
manded their Farriers to obferve my Diredions pundually, they found 'em to be
C HA P. IX. T he Compleat Hoej man. I1
fuccefsfull on a thousand Occafions: They yielded at laft to the evidence ot Truth,
and by degrees began to read my Bouk, which cur'd 'em of tIre of their old Pre-
judices, and convinced almost all of 'em, one after. ianther: Lifmuch that within
thefe fifteen or fixteen Years the Method of curing HoJrfes is aunoft wholly change' at
Paris, and the Farriers come daily to ask my advice co, ce..r-ing the Sick Horfes that
are committed to their care, by which means they fatisfie their Cuftomcrs, who al-
moft all read my Book, and will have their Farriers to obferve exadly the Method
that is prefcrib'd in it, when their Horfes are feiz'd with any Difiimper. If things
continue in this pofture, as according to all probability they will, the Aic which we
profefs, will in a little time be very much improved, and attended il h better Suc-
cefs than it was heretofore. So important an Efc6t is already owing in a confidera-
ble measure to this Book, which ought to recommend it very advantg:eouly to the
... .. .. i I I
Of the Strangles.
F E W or no Horfes that are foal'd in this Country ef:ape being troubled with the SECT. I.
Strangles, which is a Throwing forth or Evacuation of fupeifluous Humours ga-
ther'd in the Bodies of Foals, either according to the ufial Method of Nature thro' the
Noftrils, or by Swellings or Boils under the Throat between the two Jaw-bones. They
feem to differ from the Small-Pox in Children, only with refped to the Place where the
:Humours are expelled.
I know there are various Opinions concerning the Caufe of this Diftemper:
*For fcme look for its Original in the Mare's Womb, from whence (they think)
the Foal brings the Seeds ot it, which fome Years after, when the natural Heat isconfi-
derably augmented,break forth, and agitate theHumours, which by degrees are difcharg'd
on feme part of the Body, where they ufually come to. Suppuratimn. Others are of
Opinion that the Change of Nouriffment, that is, of Milk to more folid Food, makes
a notable Alteration in the Body, both in the Humours, and in the Parts that are
nourifh'd by 'emt, which is followed by a Fermentation, that cb!iges Nature to make
an Attempt to expel the Remainders of the firft Nouriihment, which ferve for a Fer-
ment in this Diftemper. And in the laft place there are fome who believe that all Li-
quors have their peculiar times of Fermentation, as Wine, Beer, .Cyder, and Syrups
boil, caft forth a Scum, and are purify'd, fome fooner, and others later, according to
the various Conflitutions of the Liquors; and from hence they iifner that the Blood o
Animals has different times of Purification, for which reason Men are feiz d with the
Small-Pox at divers Periods of their Age, but there not being the fame Variety in the
Conftitution of Horfes, they are ufually troubled with the Strangles about the Third or
Fourtb Year of their Age. But the Confideration of the CaGife of this Diftemper is of
tio great Importance for the GCre: and 'tis much more neceffary to kni w the way by
Which Nature expels the Humour, which, as I intimated before, is oftentimes evacu-
ated by Swellings under the Throat, or by the Noftrils. Sometimes the H-Ini difchaige
the Humcur vifibly by thefe Boils; whereas it happens not unFrqcentilv that the Swel-
lings are never ripen'd, the Humour being refolv'd, and infenfibly tuianfpiring thro' the
Skin. But the Cure is always moft certain, when the Swellings come to Suppin'atrin.
Sometimes the Humour is evacuated -by several Parts of the Body, as the Sho:l icrs,
Hams, the Parts above the Kidneys, the Feet, and generally whatsoever Member is
weaker than the rft.
Thus'tis voided by fuch Parts as have been hurt or wounded: for when Nature is ir-
ritated by her Enemy, the makes an Attempt to drive it' out; and 'tis certain that the
stronger Parts caft their Load on- the weaker. But if the Part that receives the Humour
be either cold, nervous, or of fall Capacity, 'tis never able wholly to discharge its
uncoual Burthen, but ever afterwards remains weak and infirm.
When there is only an imperfect Evacuation of the Humour, the Horfe is frequently
troubled with Falic-Strangles at the Age of Six, Ten, or Twelve Years;, which beiig
negleaed degenerates to the Glanders. When the Falfe-Strangles take their Courfe thfo'
the Nofe (which barely happens) the Horfe is much more troubled with Sicknfs,
t6 The Compleat Horeman. PART 1
than when they find another Pafiage: And in the general 'tis certainly the beft and
fafft Evacuation that is perforin'd by the Kernels or Swellings under the Throat, for
when they are opened the Horfe is out of danger, and even thote who void the Humour
by the Nofe, are very much eas'd by 'em.
The moft favourable time for Horfes to be feiz'd with' this Diftemper, is when they
are Foals, and run in the Meadows ; for their Heads being continually bow'd down to
feed on the Grafs, the Evacuation is performed writh lefs Trouble and Pain; and besides
Grafs being a moift Aliment, increafes the Fluidity of the Humours, and by making
'em run out more eafily, haftens the Cure. But you muft not conclude from hence
that Grafs is good for this Diftemper: the Straing'ls require hot Medicines, and Grafs is
cooling; but the Fcals that are troubled with 'em in the Meadows have a sufficient Stock
of natural Heat and Strength to expel the Humour; and therefore they do not ftand
in need of additional Supplies of Heat, fince notwithflandirg the Coolnefs of the Grafs,
they are able of themselves to conquer the DifAfe. But Horfes that are us'd to dry
Food muft not be turn'd out to Grafs, which wou'd cool 'em too much, and perhaps
turn the Strangles to the Glanders.
None of all the Italian and Spanij Authors, who write of the Difeafes of Horfes,
take notice of the Strangles: and 'tis very improbable that le Rviny, who has defcrib'd
all their other Diftempers fo exactly, wvo6'd have orntted this, if he had known it. But
in thofe Southe;n Countries the Horfes are either never troubled with the Strangles, or dif-
charge the Humour by the way of infenfible Tranfpiration. Pafial Caracciolo does not
mention this Diftemper in his large and excellent Treatife, Entitled, Gloria del Cavalle,
which deferves to be tranflated by frme skilful Hand : And therefore I think mhy Cel
obliged to infift the longer on this Subject.
In Gafcoign and fome Parts of Beai n, where the Climate is hot, and approached to
that of &pain, almcft all the Horfes die of the Strangles; for by reason of the Imperfed-
nefs of the Evacuation, the Difeafe ends either in Blindnefs or Death; and I have feen
fome Spanilf) Horfs at Paris, who were feiz'd with Blindnefs, because they had not
voided the Humour that caufes the Strangles. To return to Gafcoign and Bearm, the Cli-
rate is not hot enough to refolve the Humour, and diffipate it entirely; and therefore
fince it ought to be expelled by more open Paffages, the Horfes discharge it imperfealy
and out of feafon ; and if they be not powerfully affifted, the leaft damage they receive
by the Difeafe is the Lofs of their Eyes. But in this Country we are not afraid of fuch
Accidents for our own Horfes, because of the Temperatenefs of the Clinate, which en-
ables'em to expel the Humour without any difficulty. This difference night be illuftra-
ted by a common Obfervation, for 'tis well known that at Paris Blows on the Head are
not at all dangerous, and Sores in the Legs are rarely cur'd; whereas a quite contrary
Effet is obferv'd in Provence and La~guedoc
S E C T. 2. A Remedy for the Strangles.
To make a Horfe discharge the Humour perfectly, you muft cover the Parts under
his Throat with the Skin of a Lamb or Sheep, laying the woolly Side next his Throat.
Keep him warm and well fenc'd against the Wind, and every day rub the Parts about his
Jaws with the following Ccmpofition. Take Oil of Bay, and frdhf Bttter, of each an
equal quantity, Ointment of IMafl-Mallovs, the weight of both; Mingle 'em cold in a
Pot, and befinear the Part with this Ointment, which will ripen the Kernels. Affoon
as you perceive that there is Matter within 'em, if it cannot pierce the Skin, (as it
Were to be wifh'd it should) you muft apply to each Swelling a red-hot Iron of a crook-
ed Figure, for fear of hurting the neighboring Gullet; and after the Scabs are fall'n
away, apply a Tent cover'd with the Suppuirative or Ripening Ointment, to the Hole
that is left open. The Defcription of the Ointment follows.q
SE C T. 3. 3 The Suppurative Ointment, commonly calrd Bafilicum.
Take Te!low 1'ax, Sheep's Sewet, Rofi, and Black Pitch, of each half a pound, cut
'em into fmiall Pieces, then put five pounds of Oil-Olive in a Bafon or Pot, fet it over a
pretty firong Fire, and when the Oil is hot, add the other Ingredients: after they are
wholly melted, firain the liquid Mafs thro' a Piece of Canvafs or coarfe Cloth, and
then add a pound of Turpentine, ftirring it constantly till it be cold : fo hall you have
an excellent Suppurative, called Bafilicumn.
You mnay either chafe the Parts that you would have ripen'd, with this Ointment,
or anoint Tents with it. It
CHA P. 1X 1 be Compleat Ior eman. I 7
It digefts and ripens the Matter, and affwages the Pain that is caused by the Matter
or Quittor when 'tis generated.
If you mix Verdigraafe, and white Vitri6l, both in fine PoWder, with this Oiritment,
it will heal a Wound, and bring it to a Scar.
If the Flefh grow too faft, and flop the Hole that fhou'd give paffage to the Matter
or if the Flefh about the Hole be bloody or foamy, you muff nib the Tents with
Fgyptiacim, which is an Ointmeht commonly us'd for the cleaning of Sores or mix
Verdigreafe and wb:te Vitriol with the Bafilicum.
If the Hole clo~e up too foon, you muft open it again with a hot Iron.
If the Horfe void the Humour sufficiently by the Nofe, you muft not difturb Nature
by endeavoring to aflift her only keep the Horfe warm, and walk him every Morning
and Evening: for there is no Danger after the PafTage is open'd. But if his Nofe be ob-
ftruted by hard or dry Matter, fo that he can neither breathe freely, nor expel the
Humour without Pain: you muft inject into his Nofirils, with a fall Syringe, a warmn
Liquor made of equal parts of Aqua-Vits and Oil'Olive shaken together,' which will
loofen the Flegmatic Humour that flops the Paflfges, and help Nature to throw it out.
You will find great Benefit by the repeated Ufe of this eafie Remedy.
If the Matter be evacuated in too fmall a Quantity, and Nature feem to be languid;
you muft endeavour to warm the Horfe's Body with Cordial Pills, the Cordial Powder, or
the Eleiuaiy of Kermes; or you may give him fome Dofes of the Lieutenant's Powder,
defcrib'd in the Third Part: Or if none of thefe Medicines can be had, you may give
him every Morning half an Ounce of Treacle mix'd with a Pint of Spani/f Wine.
A large Quantity of the Herb Periwinkle chopped finally and mix'd with moiflen'd Bran,
will make the Horfe void the Humour plentifully.
Afterwards you may put Feathers into his Nofe, in this manner. Take two large
Goofe-Jiuills, of thofe that grow in the middle of the Wing, anoint 'em with freth Butter
melted in a Plate, and affoon as they are cold, sprinkle the Ends of 'em with a little
Powder of Pepper or of Tobacco : then thruft 'em up irito theHorfe's Noftrils, and to keep
'em from falling out, tye a firong Thread to the great Ends of the Quills, and faften it
to the Halter, leaving him in that Pofture with a Bit in his Moauth for the face of
two hoirs. This mtift be done two days, and on the third you muft sprinkle the Ends
of the Quills with Powder of white Hellebore, continuing after the fame manner till all
the Matter be evacuated.
It will be convenient to repeat the ufe of the Cordial Pills, or' Powder, or the Lieuteo
vant's Powder, as often as there fall be occafion: or you may ufe the following Eleduary.
When the Difeafe is ftubborn, you muft fringe the Horfe'sNoftrils from timeto time,
The Ele&uary of Kermes is of excellent Ufe in this Cafe, and corre&s the Corruption
and Stench of the Matter.
S E C T. 4. Of the Ele&uary of Kermes.
This Elecrary wou'd be in all refpeLs as noble a Remedy for Horfes, as the CorfeHi-
on Alkermes, if instead of the dry Grains of Kermes, which are properly nothing
elfe but the Bark, Farriers wou'd make ufe of the true and precious Pith or Pulp en-
clos'd in 'em, which is firft a liquid Subftance, but when it grows ripe, is reduc'd,
without any artificial Preparation, to a very red Powder, which falls of it felf out of
the Hole in its Bark or Cover, on that Side where it fticks to the Wood or Leaf of a
Shrub called the Scarlet-Oak, on which it grows. AfiTon as this Powder begins to be
animated, and to turn to little Worms of the fame Colour, you muff quench it with
Juice of Limos. rectified and separated from its Phlegm to the Confumption of a fourth
part; then knead it, and make it up into little Troches, which muit be dry'd. Thus
prepared 'tis much better than its Bark, which is brought to us from Langw'doc. Take
four Ounces of thefeTroches, if they can be had, or if you have only the Grais. take
a Pound of the frefheft and faireft of 'em, tho' dry; half a Pound of funiper-Berries,
ripe and dry, CGbebs, and Bay-Berries, of each fix Ounces; Roots of Spanilb Sco zonera,
Mafter-Wort, Zedoary, Flower-de-luce of Florence, and Shavings of H-a t's-Horn and Ivory,
of each four Ounces and a half; Elecampane-Roots, Bark of Oranges and Citrons dry'd in
the fhade, of each four Ounces; cimiamon half an Ounce ; Cloves and Nutmeg, of each
All the Ingredients muff be reduced to a fine Powder, fears'd, and then weigh'd;
if you take the full Dofes of each, the weight df all together will amount to three
18 T he Compleat Horfeman. PART II,
Pounds ten Ounces, and two Drams of Po wder. Then take eleven Pounddsofclarified
Honey, and boil it to half the thicknefs of a Syrup, after which take the Veflel from
the Fire, and while the Honey is yet hot, pour in the Powders by degrees, and incor-
porate 'em throughly together. You muff fufler the EletiEary to ferment two Months
in a Pot before you give it to the Horfe.
The Dofe is a quarter of Pound in a Quart of White-Wine, or two Ounces in a pint
of SpanWif)-ine. It muff be infus'd over Night, and next Morning given to the Horfe,
who muft fland Bridled two Hours before, and as long after.
Tho' this Eleduary is composed of the fame Drugs that are us'd in the preparations
of Cordial Powders, it will.be found to be more effetual; because the Fermentation
exalts the vertue of its Ingredients, and the Hoiey being impregnated with their Volatil
Salt, communicates it to the Stomach, Lungs, and Heart, and from thence to all the
parts of the Body. Thus 'tis plain that this Medicine operates more vigoroufly and
quickly than Cordial Powders, fince 'tis prelar'd by the fucceeding Fermentation, before it
enters into the Stomach. Avicen makes a long difcourfe to prove the ufefulnefs of
Fermentation, which he confirms by the example of Treacle, demonfirating that the
Fermentation that succeeds the Compofition of that Remedy produces a certain Qua-
lity and Vertue out of an infinite number of Simples, which can only be attributed
to the digeftion of the Ingredients; Ait enim dupliate effe virtuttis Medicinam, qu1 fer-
wnentationem ft paffa. The fame effect appears evidently in natural Produ&ions; for
Mitf by Fermentation is changed to Wine, and TJater boil'd with Barley and Hops turns
to Beer, from whence a burning Spirit is drawn: And for the fame reason Bread would
be very unwholfome if it were not leaven'd, for 'tis only Fermentation that makes it
light and agreeable to the Tafte. The mixture and variety of Ingredients is necef-
fary to produce Fermentation, as it appears plainly in Spirit of WYine, which never fer-
ments alone, but if it be mixt with a little Oil of Turpentine, the Particles 4of the Li-
quor do immediately afcend with a great deal of Impetuofity, and make a considerable
Ebullition ; for by vertue of thetwo Principles which caufe that remarkable Digeftion,
the fubtle Particles being mixt with thofe that are groffer, dilate 'em, and produce
that Fermentation, which is admirably well explained by Dr. Willis, a famous Englift
This Eledufary is good for Defiuxions, Colds, Palpitation of the Heart, Lofs of Appetite
Dulnefs and Leanefs of Horfes; and besides it may be given for Prefervation, for it
firengthensNature, and helps her to expel by the ofual Paffages, every thing that of-
fends her, and that is apt to degenerate to Corruption.
You need not be afraid of the Heat of this Remedy for fuch Cordia7s as this never
inflame the parts of the Body, and by the help of this Elenuary you may fooner con-
fume corrupt and offending Humors, than by Purgation, which opprefTes Nature, and
disorders the Body of a Horfe. 'Tis true, it does not operate fo quickly, but 'tis more
innocent 3 for whereas Nature is weakened by Purgation, fhe is powerfully affifted and
envigorated by this Remedy to expel noxious Humours, and the fick Horfe grows
lufty and fit for Service.
A Dofe of this Medicine may be several times repeated, as well as of the other
Cordials that hall be defcrib'd and you may alfo give the following Balls to the fick
Take of Butter, the quantity of an Egg, -Cinnamon a Dram, a large Nutmeg grated,
and two Drams of Sugar: Mix'em all thorowly, then add half a Glafs of Aqua Vita,
ftirring 'cm over a gentle Fire to incorporate all the Ingredients; and put the whole or
one half into a Clout, tying it up in the form of a round Bag, which muft be faften'd
to the Bit, that the Horfe may chew it three or four times every day Half an Ounce
of Affa-fa.tida ty'd to the Bit in a piece of Linnen, will, as I intimated before, pro-
duce almoft the fame effef.
SEC T 5. How to promote the E'acuation of the Humour by
When a Horfe, without long his Appetite voids the Humour that occasions the
Strangles imperfidly, or in too little a quantity by his Nc*rils; 'tis convenient to ftir
up languid Nature to expel her Enemry; for which purpose you may give the fol-
CHA P. I. X The Compleat tHorjeman. 1
Take the quantity of an Egg of frefh Butter, melt or fry it in a Skellet or Frying-
Pan till it begin to grow black, then add strong Vinegar and Oil-Olive, of each half a
Glafs, and twice as much Pepper as you can lift with the ends of your Fingers: Mix
'em all together in the Skellet, and while the Compofition is yet warm,pour it into the
Horfe's Nofe thro' a Horn, one half into each Noffril. As foon as he has taken this Re.
medy, cover him with a Cloth, and walk him in your hand half an hour, during which
time he will be feiz'd with a Palpitation or beating in the Flank,as if he were juft ready
to burft, which ought not to furprife you, for it will not laft above an hour or two,
and after you have put him into the Stable he will void the Humour plentifully.
The days following you muft lead him abroad for a quarter of an hour, in the Morn-
ing and:Evening, in the Shade if it be Summer, and in the Sun if it be Autumn, fuf-
fering him to walk with his Head bow'd down fnuffing the Ground. And besides, you
muff always make him eat low, to facilitate the Purgation of the Brain.
You will doubtlefs be furpriz'd to perceive that, by the ufe of this Medicine, the
Horfe will void more Phlegm and filthy Matter in one day, than all the ufual Reme-
dies could have made him expel in fifteen days. But it muff be us'd sparingly, and
with caution; for if it be given to a perfectly found Horfe, it will immediately make
him void a great quantity of seemingly corrupt Phlegm by the Nofe; but the Matter
thus expelled only appears to be filthy, because it is drawn from its natural place, where
it'was neither hurtful nor corrupt, tho' it feems to be fo after 'tis evacuated. And
therefore this Remedy muft only be given to thofe Horfes whofe Paffages are open,
that is, after they have begun to void Humours by the Nofe, or'when 'tis plain that
they are not able to expel the Matter by reason of their Weaknefs, or the defeat of
natural Heat; in all which cafes we may exhibit this Remedy fafely and with good
Succei, iince by fo doing we purfue the way that Nature has already mark'd out, which
is always the fureft course.
When Nature informs us, that the Horfe ought to be relieved, and help'd to get rid
of a burthen that oppreffes him, and hinders him from performing his ufual Fundtions,
and that the Humour ought to be expelled by the Nofe, we are oblig'd in prudence to
follow, aid, and strengthen her Motions; by which method the Horfe will certainly
Le eas'd, whereas all rafh and unfeafonable Attempts are not only prejudicial, but will
at laft prove fatal to him.
I have given this Remedy to Horfes that returned from the Army fpent, lean, and
harafs'd, whole Age, and every other Circumftance made it altogether improbable,
that ever they should be able to expel noxious Humours by the Nofe ; and yet they did
aaually void great quantities of Phlegm, and were eas'd for a time, tho' not without
danger of finking under the violence of that Evacuation ; which, in my Opinion,
ought never to be provok'd, whatever fuccefs it may have had in fome particular cafes,
till you are convinced by evident figns that the Horfe is difpos'd to difcharge the Hu-
mours by thofe Paffages ; in which cafe Nature is your Guide, and you can never err,
while the end of all your Attempts is to help her to expel that which offends her, by
the moft convenient Paffages, which, according to the present ftppofition are the No-
ftrils. But if any Man fl all be fo fond of this Medicine, because he is not obliged to go
further than his Kitchin for the Ingredients of which 'tis compounded, as to ufe it in-
confiderately, and without obferving thefe Diretions, he mufft expect at laft to pay
dearly for that convenience, fince he forces Nature to fuch Methods of Evacuation as
are contrary to the prefent difpofition of the Horfe.
SI had once occasion to attempt the Cure of a Horfe that was fufpeted to have the
Glanders; and intending to provoke a plentiful Evacuation, I gave him a double Dofe
of this Remedy, which made him fo averfe to all manner of Food, that he was five
days without Eating, and in the mean time feiz'd with a vehement beating in his Flank,
which made me conclude that he would certainly die, tho', after all, he efcap'd, con-
trary to my expedation. Neverthelefs I'm convinced by daily experience, that when
a Horfe is troubled with the Glanders, this Medicine may be given fafely, and even
federal times repeated, after considerable Intervals, provided the Dofe be not much
augmented: For 'tis plain that Nature has already taken that courfe, and we only
aflift her to ihake off the load that overwhelms her. Immediately after the taking of
the Remedy, the Horfe feems juft ready to expire, by reason of the violent Beating
which it caufes in his Flank; but that Storm is quickly appeas'd,
'Tis by no means convenient to administer this Remedy to Horfes that have loft
their Appetite, for they are not able to bear the violence of its Operation: Nor can
it be given in very cold Weather, without hazarding the Horfe s Life; for all extra-
ordinary Evacuations are equally dangerous in extreamly Cold and Hot Seafons.
D 1 When
o0 'le Compleat Horfeman. PAR T I
When any of the noble or principal Parts are vitiated, you may fave the Charge
and Trouble of a tedious Sicknefs, by giving this Medicine, which will haften the
Horfe's Death: For 'tis impoilfble that he should fubfift long when one of the noble
Parts is corrupted, and fiance you muft lofe him, the fooner you are rid of him 'tis
This Remedy should be given rather in the Wane, than in the Encreafe of the Moon:
For when 'tis adininfter'd during the Encreaje, it makes fuch havcck, and fo diforders
the Oeconomy of Nature, that it cannot be reftor'd to its wanted courfe in a long
time after; but in the declination or 'Wane it does not produce fuch violent Diftur-
bances. It ought not to be given on the day of the FZdl-Moon, but it may be admi-.
nifter'd with very good Succefs the next day after. Thefe Obfervatiors are very
useful, and may be cautioufly obferv'd, when the difpofal of the Time is in our
There is a certain Salt in the Matter that is evacuated, which is grateful to the
Horfe's Tafte, and makes him lick and fwallow it: But fince 'tis fharp and biting, it
may ulcerate his inward Parts and therefore you ought to wipe his Nofe with Hay
as oft as you can.
Besides, you muff never fuffer him to drink raw Water; but inflead of that give
him Water that has been boil'd, mixt with a little Bran, or rather Flower: If you
could make him drink it hot, it would be fo much the better ; but few Horfes will
drink any Liquor that is not either cold, or at left only luke-warm.
You muft never forget to separate the Horfe, during the time of his Evacuation,
from all other Horfes: For not only this is a contagious Diftemper, but a found Horfe
may catch the Glanders from one that is troubled only with the Strangles, and even
tho' he should not lick the Matter that flows out of his Companion's Nofe, which he
will certainly do if he can because the very Smell is sufficient to communicate the
Difeafe, which may be alfo propagated by drinking out of the fame Pail.
I hall propofe other Remedies to promote Evacuation by the Nofe, in my Dif-
courfe of the Glanders, which may be us'd upon occasion tho' that which I have al-
ready defcrib'd is of excellent ufe when there is not an Ulcer in the Bowels.
If the violence of the .Evacuation.caus'd by this Medicine make the Horfe abftain
from Eating, which happens very rarely, give him the Electuary defcrib'd in the pre-
ceding Chapter, or fome Cordial Powders; and if, after all, his averfion to his Food
continue, make him chew the Balls proposed in the Eighth Chapter, Sel. 3.
CHA P. X.
Of the Fale or Baftard Strangles.
S, CT. : cOmetiies the Humours are not difpos'd to produce the Fermentation that caufes
the Strangles at the ufual time, which defend of Fermentation may proceed either
from the strength or weaknefs of Nature; fo that in fich cafes the agitation of the
HIumours is imperfedly and weakly perfbrm'd, for want of proper Remedies, from
whence 'tis plain that the noxious Matter cannot be fully expell d, but a Ferment rer
mains in the Body, which in its proper time will agitate the Humours that.are difpos d
to follow its Motions, and caufe a fort of Fermentation, which will oblige opprefs'd
Nature to renew her endeavours to caft forth the Remainders of thofe Impurities, which
fhe could not fully evacuate before: Sometimes in this kihd of Strangles the expels'cm
Iby the Nofe, and sometimes alfo by Swellings under the Throat, as in the trne Strangls.
When the Horfe is old the Humour is usually difkharg'd by a large Swelling at the iide
of the Jaw-bone, in the fame part out of which the Vivcs are drawn, which fuppurates
and breaks at the age of Ten, Twelve, or Fifteen Years. Thefe Horfiesmuft be very
diligently aflifted, for they are hardly able to expel the venomous Matter; for which
purpofe I make ufe of the Treacle-Balls, which I have fi-quently repeated fix or ten
times, and fome foftning Clyfters when the Difeafe was accompany'd with Lofs of
Appetite; for Clyfters are never hurtful in any Cafe whatsoever. Usually thefe Horfcs
void no Matter by the Noftrils, but the whole Malignity is evacuated bythe Humour
CH AP. X. The Conmplat H1orfemn 2
that is drawn out of the Swelling : and after 'tis wholly expelled, I make 'en eat two
Ounces of Liver of Antimony in Powder mix'd with Bran, till they have confilm'dt two
Pounds, to compleat their Recovery; for they are commonly very much worn and ex-
tenuated by their Difeafe.
Sometimes the Falfe Strangles are known by the fame Signs that denote the Difeafe
properly lb called, which are much different from the Glanders; only the lafi menti-
on'd Diftemper begins not with a great Beating in the Flank, and difficulty ot Breath-
ing, as the Falje-Strrogles do. And when after the ufe of Remedies a Swelling ap-
p ars at the fide of the Jaw bone, in the part from whence the Vives are drawn, you
may certainly conclude that the Horfe is troubled with the Falfe-Strangles, which are
rarely evacuated by the Noftrils in old Horfes, but almost always by a Tumor at the
fide of the Jaw-bone, tho' sometimes when they are not above fix or even Years old,
the Swelling breaks forth between the two Jaw-bones, in which cafe they alfo void
Matter by the Nofe, and 'tis plain by their Age that their Diftemper is not the Glanders.
This Diftemper makes the Horfes a great deal more fick than the true Strangles, and
sometimes they die for want of due Alliftance, or the Difeafe generates to the Glander\:
And therefore great care muft be taken to keep 'em warm, and to adminifter effetual
You may give the ftck Horfe, once in two days, a Dofe of the EleEluary of Kermes,
or of the Lieutenant s-Powder, Cordial-Powder, Cordial-Balls, or Pills, and fome Clyflers,
then Syringe him, and put Feathers into his Note, and Bags into his Mouth, as in the
cure of Strangles. When he flights his Food, and eats little, you mull not give- him any
Powders, but good foftning Clijers, after which give him the Ccrdial-Waters, of Scorzonera,
Iuglofi, Cardzus Benedihius, and Rofes, of each half a Pint, with an Ounce of the
Conteedion of Al-Kermes, without AlMu or Amber-grife, or of the Eletuary of Kermes,
and the fame Evening a good Clyfler with Sal Polycreft, repeating the fame every two
days. But if he is only troubled with a loathing ot his Food, without Beating in his
Flank, or a Fever, you muft observe the Diredions proposed in the Sixth Chapter;
prepare a Bag for him with an Ounce of A4a.fCftida, and every day make him drink a
Pint of good Spani f) Wine, which is very good for the Baftard Strangles.
Afterwards, if he has any Kernels, you muff bring 'em to Suppuration; which you
will find a harder Task to perform, than in the true Strangles, whether they be under
the Throat or at the fide of it: And if they be not prevented by proper Remedies,
they will either ftrike inward, or harden and remain in that condition, or perhaps grow
fo big as to hinder Refpiration. To advance the Suppuration, you may give him two
or three DofEs of Cordial Balls, which are very ufeful to drive out the Humour. If
iotwithfianding thefe Remedies the Matter or Quitter is not yet generated, you muft
give him three Dofes more with a Pint of Spanift Wine mixt with the fame quantity
of fome other fort of Wine for each Dofe ; then rub the top of the Gland with a Retoire,
holding a red-hot Iron near' that the Retire may penetrate, which will promote
the Suppuratidn, and draw the Matter powerfully. If all thefe Remedies prove in-
effctual, you muff have recotirfe to the Medicine for refolving G!an.ds described in the
Twelfth Chapter, Scd&. 3. which, if it be carefully prepared, will infallibly refolve
and diffipate the Gland or Kernel.
tefides all thefe Remedies, you may burn the IFair on the Glands with a fearing
Candle, and afterwards apply to the part a large Plaifter made of Emp Jlr;afnm Divinum,
or of Manzms Dei, or of the greater Diachylum with the Gums, both which may be had
from Apothecaries; fpread the Plaifter on thin white Leather, and apply it totheGland,
laying over it a Lamb's Skin, which ought alfo to cover fome of the parts under the
Head : You muft let the Plaifter flick till the Matter is ripen'd in the Keirnl, and then
open it with a red-hot Iron, putting in Tents, as before.
If thefe Plaifters be not strong enough to bring the Glands to Suppuration, you muff
u(c another of the Ointment of Beetles, or that which follows.
~i,,,~-,.,~ rl- /;nM\~ C '^Co
j i i- .* ~--
The Compleat Horfeman.
This Ointment is not only fit to be applied to the Glands between, or at the fide of
the Jaw-Bones, but good for all manner of Swellings that ought to be fuppurated, if
the part be often chatcd with it, and kept very warm. 'Tis prepared thus: Take four
Ounces of Bafilicum, melt it in a Skellet, and add an Ounce of Emplajfrum Divimtm, or
of Mans Dei, which is as good, and is kept by all Apothecaries: after they are melt-
ed into one Mafs, remove the Skellet from the Fire, and add three Ounces of old
Treacle, the older the better; mix 'em all thorowly, and make an Ointment, with
which you muft every day chafe the Gland, or the part that is to be brought to Sup-
puration, and you will foon perceive its Efficacy; Sometimes the Ointment is too hard,
for the Farriers of Paris defire their Bafiliczum to be made very hard, and the Apothe-
caries, to pleafe 'em, add a great deal of Rofin to thicken it, which does not at all
augment its Vertue; and therefore in that cafe you may add to the whole quantity
an Ounce of old Oil-Olive, which will bring it to a due c6nfiflency.
To avoid Repetitions, I refer the Reader to the Direaions proposed in the Chapter
concerning the True Strangles, which muft be observed in the present Cafe, and even
with greater Care, because this is a more dangerous Diftemper.
Of the Cold Rheum, or Morfounding.
S EC T. i H E word Rheum, in the general, signifies all forts of Defluxions that flow from
T. one part and fall upon another ; but properly speaking, the Rheum in Horfes is
a Defluxion under the Throat, and on other neighboring parts of raw, phlegmatick,
and fuperfluous Humours, that are gathered either by a great Cold, or for want of
Digeftion, or by reason of fome particular Diftempers, or exhal'd from the inward
The remote Caufes of this Difeafe are of a different Nature: Sometimes'tis occafi-
on'd by being suddenly exposed to the Cold, after having fuffered a vehement Heat.
Thus immoderate Exercife or Labour, beyond the firength of a Horfe, heats not only
his outward, but even his inward parts: And if he be furred to catch Cold prefently
after, or exposed to the cold Air in a Harveft-night, immediately the Defluxion feizes
on fome inward parts of the Body, and hinders'em from performing their Fundions.
Sometimes thick and vifcous Humours being diffolv'd and melted by long and vio-
lent Exercife, fall upon the Lungs, where they caufe Obftruaions, which are atten-
ded with difficulty of Breathing: Or if Nature be strong enough to expel 'em, they
flow out of the Nofe in the form of white or green Snot, which, according to its fharp-
nefs, produces a Cough.
The abundant flowing out of the Humour has given occasion to frequent Miftakes;
and several Horfes have been fufpefted to have the Glanders, who were only troubled
with a Cold.
This Difeafe may be alfo occafion'd by suffering a Horfe to Drink while he is hot,
without riding him afterwards, or by his drinking very cold Water too greedily in
Summer, or melted Snow.
The signs of a Cold are thefe ; Dulnefs, Want of Appetite, a Cough, and running
nt the Nofe : To diftinguifh it from the Strangles, you muft enquire whether the Horfe
has been expos'd to any of thofe Inconveniencies that may caufe a Cold, and if he has,
you may certainly conclude that to be the Difeafe.
Another fign is, when his Throat is drier and harder than usually : You may easily
perceive whether 'tis harder by feeling it; and this hardnefs proceeds from the Heat and
Drinefs, which are the effeas of the Cold.
An Oiniment to ripen Kernels.
n~ -~-r ~ .-.
CHAP. XI. The Compleat Horfeman. 23
Sometimes the Cold is fo violent, that it throws the Horfe into a Fever, with mani-
feft danger of his Life ; in which caie his Neck-Vein muft be opened, and oftentimes
the fame Operation is repeated. Bleeding is alfo tftecm'd proper, when a Horfe is
troubled with fo great an Oppreflion in his Breaft that he cannot Breathe.
Horfes are alfo let Blood when the Cold is accompanied with a idinjite, or Inflamma-
tion of the Throat that hinders 'em from fallowing. In thefe three Cafes Bleeding is
profitable for a Horfe that is troubled with a Cold.
This Difeafe is very dangerous when it feizes a Horfe in the Encreafe of the Moon,
for his Lungs are opprefled with a multitude of Humcurs, that encreafe with that
Planet besides, the Defluxion falls upon all the inward parts of the Body, and almoft
always the Difeafe is of long continuance, as being caus d by Fulnefs. For 'tis certain
that all Difeafes proceeding from Fulnefs, when they happen during the encreafe of the
Moon, are fironger and more apt to overwhelm Nature, and difturb her in the peri
formance of her Fun&tions, by reason of the encreale of Humours at that time.
But when it happens in the lWane of the Moon, 'tis of fhirter continuance, and lefs
violent; for the Humours decrease with the Moon, and the Horfe recovers fpeedily.
If thefe Obfervations be not attentively considered by thofe who undertake the Cure
of Horfes, they will hardly be able to make a certain Judgment concerning the length
and dangeroufnefs of their Diftempers, or to prescribe a fuccefsful Method of Cure.
This Aflertion is grounded on a certain knowledge of the Caufes.
The Way of curing a Cold is the fame with that which I prefcrib'd for the Strangles,
for you muff cover the Horfe's Neck with a Furr'd Skin, keep him warm, give
him the Eletuhary of Kermes, put Baggs with Affa-Fedita into his Mouth, thruft
Feathers into his Nofe, Syringe him, and proceed in all other refpects as in the Cure
of the Strangles.
If you perceive that your Horfe has not wholly loft his Appetite, you may give
him the Cordial Powder every three days, or rather the Eeluary of Kermes. And when
the Difeafe is attended with a total lofs of Appetite, you cannot give a better Remedy
than that Eleulary in a Pint of Spai ft Wine, once in two days, if he has not a Fever
or if he have a Fever, you may give him the Cordial fraters with Clyflers both before
The Arman defcrib'd Chap. VIII. Seg. 2. is very good in this cafe: It may be given
five or fix times in the day, tying it to the Bit, and will be found to be a Sovereign
Take the fick Horfe's Urine, while 'tis yet hot, mix it with an equal quantity of
lWine, about a Pint, or a Pint and half of each, and make him drink it all up ; then
cover him, and let him ftand Bridled two hours. Repeat the fame several times.
If you cannot have his Urine hot, take a Pint of FleJh-Brotb, without Fat or Salt,
and as much Wine, mint 'em for a Draught. Repeat the fame three or four days, and
if he Sweat not after the firft Dofe, add to the Draught an Ounce of the Cordial-Powder,
and cover him well. Continue after the fame manner for fome days.
S E C T. 2. For a Cold accompany'd with a violent Cough.
Take Honey of Rofes, and J uce of Liqiorice' of each four Ounces; Fcnugreekl-feed,
Grains of' Paradice, Clmmin-feed, Cinnamon, Cloves, Ginger, Gentian, Ei;tbiwort-roots,
Anifeed, and Coriander-feed, of each two Drams Reduce all the hard Ingredient into
Powder, and give the whole to the fick Horfe in a Pint of White-Wine, with fix
Ounces of Carduus-Benedi-us-Water.
Let not this Compofition offend thofe who are only pleased with Cooling Remedies
for Horfes muff not be ufed like Men. If you cool 'em too much, when they are
troubled with this Diftemper, you will ftife 'em; and therefore beware of purely
cooling Medicines. You will quickly be fenfible of the good effects of This, which
contains many hot Ingredients ; but fince they are agreeable to the nature of Horfes,
they do not inflame 'em, and caufe only fo much Heat as is neceflary to ftrengthen the
Parts. Experience will convince you of the Truth of my Affertion, for the Remedy
will fucceed and I hall take occasion hereafter to demonfirate, that there is need of
a great deal of Prudence to administer cooling Remedies to a Horfe with safety and
24 The Compleat Horfeman. PART 1.
You muft alfo walk him frequently in the Sun-ihine if it be Summer; and obferve
the fame directions that I prescribed in the cafe of Want of Appetite, Chap. VIII. and
alfo in the Chapters of the Strangles.
SEC T. 3. A Draught for a Cold joined witb a Palpitation or
Beating in the Flank.
When the fick Horfe is troubled with a Cough, a vehement Beating in his Flank, and
even Palpitation of the Heart, you cannot allift him more effetually than by giving
him two Clyjfers, and then the following Draught, after he has flood two hours in the
Morning, with a watering Bit in his Mouth. Tis composed of the Waters of Scor-
zonera, carduts BenediTus, Scabious, Rofes, and bitter Succory, of each half a Pint:
Give the Horfe a Quart of thefe Waters, with an Ounce of Zedoary, and two Drams
of Saffron, both in fine Powder ; then rinfe the Horn with the half Pint that remains,
and make him drink that alfo: After which let him fland four hours with a Water-
bit in his Mouth, and as foon as yoti unbridle him, lay moiflened Bran before him, leav-
ing him to eat at his pleafure till Night, and then give him a good Clyfter with an
Ounce and an half of Sal Polychreft.
Take Affa-fstida and Powder of Savin, of each half an Ounce, and tie 'em in a
Bag to the Bit; let the Horfe fland two hours, then unbridle him, and after two hours
more put in the Bag again. For, befides that this Bag gives him an Appetite, it eafes
his Head, by making him void a great quantity of Water and bitter Flegm.
Inftead of the Zedoary and Safron, you may mix an Ounce of the Confedion of Hy-
acintb without Musk or Amber-gi ife, with the Cordial Waters; and the fame may be re-
peated two or three times if need require, and if you found any Benefit by the firft
Dofe: for that which gives Eafe, may (if continued) perfect the Cure.
The main part of the Cure confifts in giving the Horfe one or two foftening ClyIfers,
with Sa: Polycbreft every day.
SE C T 4. A Softening Clyfter.
Take Leaves of Mallows, Violets, Herb-Mercury, Pellitory of the 1rall, of each three
Handfuls Annis-feeds one Ounce, or a Handful of green Fennel, if it be in the Summer
let 'em boil half an hour, in a large Pot or Kettle, in three Quartsof Water (for a little
Horfe) or four (for a large one) adding an Ounce and a half or two Ounces of Li-
ver of Antimony in fine Powder. After the Decotion is half-cold, prefs it out, and add
to the ftrain'd Liquor four Ounces of Lenitive Eleduary, and a Quarter of a Pound of
fiej>) Butter: Mix and make a Clyfler, which muff be injeded after you have rak'd
the Horfe then put him again into the Stable, and let him ftand half an hour
If thefe Remedies be apply'd with Prudence when the Occafion requires, and with-
out either Rafhnefs or Negligence, the Horfe will certainly be eas'd by 'em, unlefs the
Difeafe be extremely violent.
S E C T. .The Vniverfal CordialPowder.
Take Saf'afras, Zcdoary, Elecampane, Gentian, Cartin-Thiftle, Angelica, Gbebs, Spanifl
Scrmzonera, Mafler-Wort, and MarJf-Mallows, of each half a Pound ; Birth-/Fort round'
and long ; Bay-Berries, Bark of Oranges and Citrons, Savin, of each four Ounces; Carda-
Mnoms, Liqluo ice, Myrrb, Shavings of Hart's-Horn and Ivory, Co7 iander-Seed, Seeds of Car-
Taway, GCmmin, Anife, and Fennel, of each two Ounces; Cinnamon an Ounce; Cloves,
Nutmeg, and Oriental Saffron, of each half an Ounce; all frdh and gathered in due
time, for a Root dug up in Summer is of no Value, and therefore they muff be ga-
ther'd in the Spring, when they begin to Thoot forth, or about the time of Advent,
before the Froft. The Medicine will be more effe6tual, if you add a Pound of the
Grains of Kermes but fince they cannot be kept without losing a part of their Virtue,
CHA P. XL 1 he Compleat Ijoe nin.- 2
'tis better to mix 'em with Balls, that they may be preferv'd in their entire Force. Beat
all the Ingredients separately, reducing 'em to a grofs Powder; then train 'em thro' a
Hair-Sieve, mix the whole Pcwder exactly and weigh it ; for you muff not weigh the
Drugs before they are beat and fearc'd a-part. The Powder may be preferv'd a long
time without any diminution of its Virtue, if it be prefsd hard in a leather Bag,
which muft be kept clofe ty'd.
This is fo univerfal a Remedy, that every Man who keeps a Horfe fhou'd always have
fome of it by him, especially on a Journey, or in the Army, where there is not Con-
veniency to make it ; for by theUle of this Medicine Horfes havebeen frequently pre-
ferv'd from federal very considerable Infirmities
The Virtue of this Powder decays if it be kept too long; and therefore the beft way
is to prepare a finally Quantity of it, that you may always have fome of it frefh. I
have lately found out a way, which has proved very fuccetsful, to keep it Thirty Years
in its full Strength, and besides to render it portable, and more effectual, which are
certainly very great Advantages. I reduce it to Balls, which are fo hard that the Air
cannot penetrate nor fpoil 'em; and a Man may carry 'em in his Pocket, Portmantle,
or any other way that hall be moft convenient. It will plainly appear by the fol-
lowing Account of my Method, that the cordial Powder is very much improved
S E C T. 6. Of the Cordial Balls, or Treacle Pills.
Take a Bufhel of ripe and black ,umliper-Berries, gathered in the End of Augufl,
or the Beginning of September ; beat them and put them into a Kettle with eight
or nine Quarts of Water. Set it on the Fire to boil, stirring it foinetimes till it
grow thick ; then prefs-it out, and referve the Liquor. Strain the remaining Subifance
thro' a Searfe as they ufe to firain Caria, throw away the Husks and Berries, and mix
the trained Pulp with the above-mentioned Liquor. Boil it again over a clear Fire,
ftirring it from time to time, till it be reduced to the Thicknefs of Broth ; then take
it from the Fire, and when 'tis half cold, mix it in a Mortar with the full Quantity of
the Pcwder prefcribed in the preceding Chapter, adding a Pound of the Grains of Kermes
in Powder. Make up the whole Mais into Balls, weighing twelve Drams each, which
muff be dry'd on the Strainer with its Bottom turned upwards. Thefe Balls grow little,
and very hard; but they muff be made in Summer, for they are not easily dry'd in the
Winter, and besides they grow mouldy, if they be not kept in a Stove or Skellet. After
they are dry they lofe not their Virtue ; and the Addition of the Mucilage of Juniper-
Berries, which ferves for a Cement to unite the parts of the Powder, does alfo very
much augment its Efficacy; for thofe Berries alone are endowed with admirable Vir-
tues: They are good for the Stomach and Breaft, provoke Urine, and may be jufily
called the Treacle of the Germans. But the Powder may be made up into Balls without
any Mucilaginous or glewy Subflance, after the following Mainnl' : Put the Powder into
a large Mortar, and mix it with a little Cordial Water of Scorzonera, or Iuch like, and
after you have beaten and mixed them with the Peftle, pour in more Water, and conti-
nue to beat, mix, and add new Water by turns, till the whole Mafs be of a sufficient
Confftency to be made up into Balls.
Thefe Balls may be dried fooner and more eafily than the others, but fince the Muc-
lage of the Jlniper-Berries does very much increase the Virtue of the Balls, infiead of
that you muft add half a Pound of the Berries, which you may beat with the reft of
the Competition, when you mix it with the Water, and beat it un to a Mafs and it
will be fRill more effecual, as I hinted before, if a Pound of Grains of Kermes be added
to it. When you have occasion to ufe the Balls, you mufl beat them to a grofs Powder,
which you may either infufe a whole Night, or mix with Wine immediately before
you exhibit it: for if you should give the Balls whole, the Horfe would perhaps void
them as intire as he took them. The Dofe is two Balls.
They have the fame Virtues with the Cordial Powder : I have ufed them with very
good Succefs, and find them very convenient both with refpet to Carriage, and to the
Quantity of the Dofe, which is always ready weighed.
,6 The Corm pleat horg ian PA R If.
I give 'em the Name of Treacle-Fills or Bals, because they h"ve all the Virtues of
Treacle, and are even in fome rcfpedts better, fince there is not the left Mixture of
Honey, and they are compos'd of Ingredients that firergthcn Nat-re without inflamingi
it. They refift Corruption, and (dftroy that fupeifluous Acid which is the Root of all
Difeaf s, when there is too great Abundance of it in the Boi(y, lor it caufes a &iFemen-
tation that cannot be allay'd or ftopp'd but by the Alcali contained in thefe Ingredients.
And Experience will convince you that this Remedy reftores Health, without heating
the Body too much.
The shivering Fits that are occafion'd by the drinking of extremely cold Water, may
be quickly ftopt, by giving one of thefe Balls beaten to Powder in a Pint of good
Wine, and the fooner, if you mix em with Spanif) Wine.
When a Horfe forfakes his Meat on a Journey, give him two of thefe Balls in a
Quart of Wine, and after you have kept him two hours bridled, he will eat affoon
as you unbridle him. This Remedy is not inferior to the Lieutenan t's Powder ; and
you may alfo give a Dofe of it by way of Prevention to preserve Horfes from Difeafes.
There are federal Perfons who wou'd value themselves very highly upon the Invention,
of fuch a Secret, and would be very loth to communicate it to the Publick.
The Dofe of the Cordial Powder is two Ounces ; but fince there is no Danger in ex-
ceeding the Quantity, if you have not Scales by you, you may give three silver Spoon-
fuls to large Horfes, and two to finally ones. Infufe it cold all Night in a Quart of red
Wine, and in the Morning give it to the Horfe, keeping him bridled four hours before,
and two hours after. And besides you muft rinie the Pot or Horn with another half
Pint of Wine, and give it to the Horfe to wafh his Mouth.
Ycu may either infufe the Balls, or mix 'em immediately before you give 'em ; a d
you may repeat the Dofe of either the Balls or Powder every Morning ior three or tfur
Days together. To a Horfe troubled with the Cold, who avoids Matter or coughs,
you may give either of thefe Remedies with very good Succefs, in a Quart of Spanij
Wine. Neither muff you be afraid that they will heat him too much, for that which
is called Heat in Horfes proceeds only from the Acid or fharp Juice, that abounds in his
Stomach, and flowing out of its natural Place, difturbs and interrupts the Digeftions
that ought to be performed in each part. This Humour being out of its natural Place,
becomes the Principle of Heat and Corruption, and there is none elfe in Horfes: from
whence 'tis plain that it ought to be blunted and deftroy'd by Alkalies or fixt Salts, ac-
cording to the Dotrine of Learned Chymijfs. Now thefe Compofitions are full of Sim-
ples that abound with a feet Alkali, which deftroys the Acid that is the Principle of
-eat in Horfes. And b.fides thefe Ingredients ftrengthen the Heart, and all the Pow-
ers or Faculties of Nature, and enable her to expel that which offerids her, by the
ufual PafTages. I cou'd eafily demonstrate that the acid Juice, which is of a piercing
and dilfolving Nature, and caufes Digeftion in the Stomach, is the Source of all thofe
Difeafes that are called Hot, when it abounds too much, and leaves its natural place,
the Stomach. But fuch a I)iffertation would rather tire, than inftru&t the Reader; and
the little I have faid is sufficient for the Wife. And therefore I hall only repeat my
Afertion, that the preternatural Heat in Horfes proceeds usually from the too great
Abundance of the Acid Juice, which flowing out of the Stomach, becomes the Prin-
ciple of Corruption and Heat, and the Caufe of many Difeafes. But to return to
Thefe Remedies are good to promote the Evacuation of the Humour that caufes
the Strangles, when Nature is too languid and remifs in driving out her Enemy. For
three or four Dofes of them taken fucceffively will rouze and ftrengthen Nature,
and make the Horfe that is troubled with the Strangles, expel the whole Humour that
occasions the Difeafe, by which means it prevents the falfe Strangles, that dangerous
Confequence of Imperfet Evacuations. They may be alfo given profitably in the
Cure of the Trembling or Beating in the Flanks, Gripes, Vives, Lofs of Appetite by
the Abundance of Phlegm and Crudities, Cold, Congb, Strangles, and several other
Indifpofitions, as I fall intimate afterwards. In fhort, there are few Diftempers which
they do not help to remove, and are even proper for Horfes, who at their return from
the Army or from a long Journey, are difpirited, lean, and fpent, with briftled up
Hair, and can never be made fat, how plentifully foever you feed them.
A Spoonful of the Powder, or a Ba!l beaten and mixt with Oats as often as you allow
him any, will cure an inveterate Cough, and make him long-winded.
A ------------------- ----------- --------.------------------,____ lb
CHAP. XI. 1khe Compleat iHoriemn. 2 7
They will help a Horfe to expel Humours by the Nofe, when he is difpos d to that
kind of Evacuation: but their ufual EffeA is to provoke Urine, or infinfible Tran-
fpiration, and to enable Nature to ihake off the Burthen that oppreffcs her, and to
drive out all Impurities, without Purgation which is contrary to the Nature of
There are feveial other Defcriptions of Cordial Powders now in Ufe; but they confift
either of too great, or too finally a Number of Ingredients; and they are usually com-
pos'd of Herbs which cannot be fuppos'd to operate effeaually on Horfes, who daily
eat a greater quantity of 'em among their Hay, than you can give 'em, in fix Dofes
of Powder: but the Roots and Seeds, in which the Virtues of Simples are united and con-
centrated, are of more excellent Ufe. Experience will convince you of the Efficacy
of this Powder, neither is it too chargeable, for there are many Coi dial Powders which
coft a great deal more, and are yet far inferiour to it in Virtue. Only the (iibebs are
dear, because they are brought from a remote Country; but you may leave them out,
and instead of 'em fubftitute a triple quantity of Y niper-Be; ies; tho' the former are
certainly endu'd with admirable Virtues. They are fund on y in the Ijle of Java in
the Indies, where they grow in Clufters like Grapes, on a bhrub, that like the Pepper-
Tree, muft be supported by fome other Tree: and the 7avaners, to keep 'em wholly to
themselves, will not fuffer any Syens to be exported, tho' the Fruit is fold very cheap
there: It ftrengthens the Stomach, clears the Paffages of the Breaft, and chears the
Since 'tis convenient and almost neceffary to be furnifh'd with several Remedies for
the fame de&gn, and filice the Cordial Powder is one of thofe th .t are moft frequently
us'd, I fhallfubjoin the Defcription of another which is leis comp:ounded, tho' very
effectual; for I have us'd it with good Succefs, when the Univer'al Powder could not
SECT. 7. Other Cordial Powders.
Take Bay-Berries, Gentian, round Birtb-T'ort, Myrrh, Flowler-de-luce of Florence, Shba
vings of Hart's-Horn, and Elecampane, of each four Ounces Zedoary, Cntmmin, 4mnife-
Seeds and Savin, of each two Ounces ; Cinnamon half an Ounce, Cloves two Dr.,ms,
Flowers of Corn-Poppies dry'd, two Ounces.
Beat all the Ingredients a-part, fearfe 'em thro' a hair Strainer ; Mix 'em thorowly,
and keep 'em hard prefs'd in a Leathern Bag, ty'd clofe.
The Dofe is two Ounces infus'd all Night in Wine; or you may give only one
Ounce in a Quart of Spanif) Wine.
Its Ufe and Effe&s are the fame with thofe of the above-mention d Cordial Powder,
with this Difference, that 'tis much inferiour to the other in Virtue.
The Cordia! Powder us'd by Farriers is composed of the Seeds of A lfe, Fevnel, and
Camin ; Liquorice, Bay-Berries, and Shavings of Ivory ; because all thefe Ingredients
may be had at low Rates. I muft acknowledge this Powder is ufetu ; but there is a
vaft difference between the Effeas of this, and thofe that are produced by my Powder :
and besides they give but one Dofe of it to a Horfe, which they call a Cordial Draught ,
whereas 'tis oftentimes neceffary to repeat the Dofe five or fix Days together. Experi-
ence will convince you of the Truth of what I fay; for Farriers commonly ufe Liquorice,
the Seeds of Coriander, Annife, and Fennel, which they call the four Cordial Powders, ta-
king half an Ounce of each; and I leave the Reader to judge, whether thisCompoti
8 1 hbe Compleat Horfeman. PART II
T. '-r-His is a cold Difeafe, and may be fitly rank'd after the Str~gles and Cold, with
8J which it has fome Affinity.
The Glanders is a flowing or running at the Ncftrils, of phlegmatic, tough, white,
red, yellowish or greenifh Humours, which are sometimes derived from the Spleen, al-
moft always from the Lungs, rarely from the Liver or Kidneys. The thinner Humours
find a Paflige thro' the Caliac Vein, or the Paffages of Refpiration, and the thickeft are
carry'd to the Throat, where they fall into a little Receptacle between the two ,aw-
bolrs, and from thence by degrees dilating themselves, they form and nourifh the
Ker niels that are conspicuous to the Eye, and the reft of the Humour flows out of the
Ncjhils, and difcovers the Nature of the Difeafe.
The immediate Caufe of the Glanders is frequently an Ulcer in the Lungs, (rarely in
the Kidneys) from which fubtle and malignant Vapc urs are fent up to the Brain. Thefe
thin Steams alter the very Subflance of the Bi ain by their Sharpnefs, and being con-
dens'd or thicken'd by the natural Coldnefs of that Part, produce a Humour of the
fame Nature with Aqva-fo;tis, which by its Acrimony irritates the Parts, and augments
the Ulcer ; frcm whence proceeds that troubklfcme Flux of Humours thro' the NoJrils.
And whereas the two Jzgular Veins furnifh and communicate a great Quantity of Blood
to the Brain, the SuHftance of which is already altered by the malignant Vapours that
glide thither perpetually thro' the Caliac Vcin as to the Head of an Alembic; the Blood
inficad of being further purify'd, according to the eftabliih'd Order of Nature, is cor-
rupted, and from thence falling upon the Luzgs heats 'em, and being render'd inca-
pable of performing its appointed Task, to nourifl and refrefh that Part, ferves only
to augment the Ulcers that are already formed in it.
The remote or outward Caif'es are almoft the fame with thofe of the Cold.
The Igns by which this Difeafe may be known, are when a Horfe already too old
to be troubled with the Stravg les, without a Corgh, voids a great quantity of Matter by
the Ncfirils; and when there are one or more Glands or Kernels fastened to the Bone
between the two Jaw-bones, which are fo tender, that the Horfe can hardly endure you
to touch 'em: and tho'they be not faften'd to the Bone, yet if they be hard and full
of Pain, 'tis alncft always a Sign of the Glanders.
If the Horfe void Matter by the Nefe, without a Coghb, and have a Kernel flicking
to the Bcne, you may conclude that his Diftemper is not a Cold, which is ufually ac-
company'd with a Cough, whereas the Glavders are often without that Symptom : and
besides in the Glanders, the Matter usually flows out of one Noftril, whereas in the Cold
it runs almcft always out of both.
Some caft the Matter that is voided by the Noflrils into Water; and if it fwim on the
Top, they conclude the Horfe to be free of this Diftemper ; but if it fnk to the Bot-
tom, 'tis a Sign of the Glanders. The principal Ufe of this Experiment is to difiin-
guifh th:e Fus, which is properly the Matter of an Ulcer or Impofthume, from the
Phlepn that comes out of the Veffels, which is not fo pernicious;, for the Matter finks to
the Bottcm, and the Phlegm fvwims -on the Top. But you muft not depend on the Cer-
tainty of this Sign ; for if the Matter flick to the Noftrils like Glue, 'tisa bad Sign, and
you may conclude the Difeafe to be the Glanders, tho' the Matter fwim on the Top.
Whecn either the Breath, or Matter that comes out of the Nofirils, ftinks, the Dif-
eafe is almost always incurable ; for that noifome Smell proceeds from fome Ulcer or
corrupt Humour, which at left prefages the Length and Tedioufnefs of the Cure.
VWhen in the progress of the Dificmper, the Humour voided by the Noftrils turns to a
frothy Sul-flace, and continues to be fo, the Difeafe is usually incurable, and the
Horfe dics quickly after.
I have ften fome Horfes troubled with this Diftemper, without Kernels, or if there
were any, th~y weie little and moveable; and the only Sign by which we could dif-
cover it to b;e the Gladers, was the Glewmiefs of the Matter, which fluck to the No-
flils; ,it flow'd not out, but obfltruairg the Faflages flopp'd the Horfe's Breath; but
the Paflagcs being clear'd by the help of a Syringe, he found Eafe: and even the Matter
was mixt with bloody Fibrcs, which fhew'd that it preceded from fome Ulcer that
CHAP. XII. The Compleat Horfema 29
kender'd the Difeafe incurable ; for not one of the Hoifls cicap:cl, tiho no meansn s
were ncgkded to preserve 'em.
Some pretend that the Sat of this Difeafe is in the Brain : but 'tis certainly in the
Luzngs, rarely in the Liver, Kidney s or Milt, and never in the Brain. This i affirm
on certain Knowledge ; and the Account I have given of it is grounded on a Pinci
pie, which nothing lefs than a plain Demnonfliaticn of its ;al'.netfs and Abirdity
hall make me renounce.
This is the moft contagious Diflemper to which Horfes are obnoxious, fcr not only,
it communicates its Venom at a fmnall difiance, but infcts the vciy Air, ard i izes on
all the HI ries that are under the lame Roof with him that larguilLhe: utcner it. And
therefore alioon as you perceive the leaft Sign of the Gl~am:ers, you ir:ft iepa..te the
fick Horfe from all his Companions, and not lutier him to drink cut of the fame
Pail with 'em-, especially when the Difeafe is nmalignantl icr there are several kinds
of Glanders, iome of which are not fb extremely icnte.ious, as others, but there are
none of 'em that ought not to be fufpected.
I'm perfwaded that this Diftemper proceeds from a c.dd Caufc, and I do not at all
doubt of the extream difficulty of the Cure. All its variri kinds are only difinguifh'd
by a greater or lefs degree ot Malignity and it will be found that all thofe who pre-
tend to have cui' the Glande;s, have only curecd either the Stramvles, L~ld, cr iome lefs
malignant fort ot Glanders for certainly thefe Cures are very a;e, and (p.;i.:ips I
might jIuffly fa) impofible.
This Difeafe is caused and fomented by an Ulcer in the Llrngs (rarely in any ether
part) which (-nceafes, and, by degrees, confimes the whole Lobrs of the Lw t, and
at ]aft kills the Hoife. If you do net begin, while 'tis iill pclLbie to enable nature to
consolidate the Lungs, and heal the malignant Ulcer, you can ;ever pcrfedt the Cure.
You may ccnclud the Difeafe to be ii:curable when 'tis fiatcd in thj S~ii, bccaufe
that Part will hardly yield to the Virtue of Medicines. To begin the Cure, you may
by way of Precaution, take uzp the two Veins in the Neck, two Fingers breadth beneath
the Place where the Horfe is ufally let-Blood; the Opriation is performed thus ; Firft,
Make an Incifion, and lay the N in bare; then. fcparate it with a Conet, and tye it
with a double Thread o0 wax d Silk, without cutting the Vein, left the Ends of it
should flip out of the Krct, when the Horfe eat, and flirs his Jaws, with which one
of the Branches of that Vein communicates: then f11 the Wound with Salt, and do
the fame on the ether fide of theNeck. This Operation is alfo very ufeful for the Eyes
that are either weak, or troubled with Dcfiuxions; for thefe Veins bcirg ta:cn 'p, the
impetuous Ccurfe of the Blood to the Brain will be ftcpp'd; and in the present Cafe,
fince the Brain receives a lefs quantity of Blood, the quantity of the fharp hnumour that
falls upon the Lungs will be alfo diminiff'd, and the Ulcer fooner healed : or at th e leaft
'tis certain that the taking up of a Vein does nct promote the (ure, it cannot hiider
it. I advifed you not to cut the Vein between the Knots, beca:uf I have fecn Horfes
kill'd by fo doing: for the.Knot flipping, it was impoffible to find the End of the
Vein; and besides the Motion of the Blood is flopp'd as efftctually by tkivg up the
Vein, as by cittting it.
Let the Horfe's ufual Food be oiflen'd Bran; let him not lie loitering in a Corner of
the Stable, but ufe moderate Exercife; and his Ordinary D;ink muft be prepared thus.
Melt two Pounds of Brinflone in an Iron Spoon, and while it boils, thrcw it i;:to a
Pail of Water; then take out the Brinmlone, melt it again, and call it into the fame
Water, which the lick Horfe muft drink for the Water will retain the feet and bal-
famic Salt of Brimflone, which is the Balfam of the Lungs. The progress f this Diliafe,
even when 'tis incurable, is not very quick, but rather infenrfible: lor the Sharpncfs of
the Matter increases by degrees, as the Ulcer grows greater, and the Part affected
is piece-meal confum'd; in the mean time the neighboring Parts are fpoiled, the
whole Body pines away, and receives no Benefit by the b ft and larg-ft Supplies of
Nourifhment. Some Horfes cannot endure the Water prepared with Brlnilone, and
therefore you muft take the PaJle of a Peny WItite-Loaf, when 'tis jufl ready to be put
into the Oven, and teep it in the Water, for the Tartnefs of the Pafte will correct
the loathfome Tafte of the Brim/fone, and make the Water grateful to the Horfe ; and
befidcs it nourishes him, and comforts his inward Parts.
As the Ulcer increases in a part fo near the Heart, it caufes a He7ic Fever (the
ufual effect of the Glanders) by which the whole Body is diy'd, and- the -Horl dies
about fix Months or a Year after. But fince tis hard to know certainly whether the
Glanders be of this kind, which almost always proves Mortal, you mufl cnldavour to
30 7 he Compleat Horfeman. PART I1
discover the nature of the Difeafe by the application of proper Remedies, by the
fuccefs of which you may perceive whether there be any hopes of the Cure: Thus
you inay exhibit the Drink which I prescribed, for 'tis very proper in all the various
foits of Glanders, efpecialljy in the moft dangerous kind, that which afitas the Lurgs.
And to convince you that you ought not to defpair of the Cure, at the firft appear-
ance of this Diftemper, 'tis observed that fome Horfes recover of themselves in the
Stable, but this happens only when there is not an Ulcer, the matter not being fharp
enough to corrode and wafte the part: However, fince 'tis impoffible to judge cer-
tainly of the Malignity of the Difterlper, you muff not neglect the ufe of Re-
The Horfes that are feized with this Difeafe, are frequently put into a way of Reco-
very by the ufe of good Remedies, which would even perfect the Cure, if the Lungs
were not already wafted; but God alone can reftore a confum'd Part. I remember I
attempted the Cure of a Horfe troubled with the Glanders, and kept him in the con-
ftant ufe of Remedies for a whole Month together: Every Morning I made him
drink three Pints of the Emittic Weine, with two Ounces of the cordial Powder, and in
the Evenings I Syring'd his Nofe with half a Glafs of the fame Wine, which diffolved
the Kern(el between his two Cheek-Bones, and gave him a good Appetite to his Meat':
His Eye looked well, he voided lefs Matter, and had all the figns of Amendment;
after which I purged him, and committed the reft of the Cure to Nature ; but the
Horfe by degrees pin'd away, and at laft dy'd. After his Death I opened his Body,
and found his Lungs wholly turn'd to a Mafs of Corruption. I con!efs I ought not
to have purged him during the time of his Evacuation at the Nofe: For Experience
has fince convinced me that the Purgation of a Hoife, when he voids Matter by the
Nofe, is apt to give him the Gla'zders, tho' he have it not already.
This puts me in mind of another 1Hoie that was committed to my care, to whorri
I gave two Dofes of the Remedy defciib'd in the following Seaion, which made
him void abundance of Matter. Then I purged him, and afterwards gave him three
Does of the Cordial Pills in Wine, for three days together, and eight days after three
Does more, but the Evacuation of the Matter was wholly ftop'd. I ordered him to
be aired and walked; and, to compleat the Cure, according to my Judgment at that
time, I purged him again ten days after, and at laft took out the Kernel, which was
large and fixed. The Wound being closed, I let him Blood, and concluding him to be
cured, fcnt him to his Mafter. Sixth Months afeer he began to void Matter again, and
continued in that condition above fix Years, during which time he was able to walk
a foot-race, and Work very well ; but at laft he pined away, and died.
I thought fit to communicate thefe two Inflances, out of a hundred others I have
met with in my Pra6tice, to demornfrate that oftentimes the Horfe is in the greatest
danger whan he feems to be cured. And therefore when a Farrier undertakes to cure a
Horfe of the Glanders, you may conclude that either he will hardly be able to perform
his Prcmife, or that the Difeafe is not really what you imagine it to be.
'Tis a moft certain Rule, that a Horfe should never be Purged while he voids Mat-
ter at the Nofe; for a Prging Medicine may throw him into this Diftemper, tho' he
were free of it before. We muft follow Nature in the Cure of Difeafes, and not
compel her to change her course, or to submit to one that is opposite to that which
fte has already taken, as Purgation is in the present cafe. 'Tis true, moft Farriers ob-
ferve that Method, but I'm fully convinced that 'tis very dangerous, and oftentimes
The Emetic Wine never purges a Horfe, tho' the Dofe be augmented to two or three
Quarts for it works by infenfible Tranfpiration, and is an excellent Remedy. You
will find it deferibed in the Twelfth Chapter, Seg. 8.
CHAP. X I. I be Compleat Horfma;n, 3
S EC T. 2. How to expel the Matter by the Nofe.
I hall proceed to defcribe fome Remedies proper for this Diftemper: And if the
Cafe be not altogether desperate, you will quickly perceive the good efetes of
Before you give any Remedies, you muff consider whether the fick Horfe be a
hearty Feeder: For it he be nice and fqeamifh, the Cure will never ficceed accor-
ding to your defire, fince fome of the Medicines you muft give him will encreafe the
natural Infirmity of his Stomach ; fo that it will coft you as much Pains and Time
to reftore his Appetite as to cure the Glanders, and at the end you will find it impoilible
to compafs your design. But if the Horfe that is committed to your Care be a good
Eater, in the firft place make him abftain from his Oats, then take Aqua Vite and
Oil-Olive, of each a Quart, mix or brew 'em together in a Pot, till they be perfectly
united, and fpurt bfme of this Liquor into his Noftrils five or fix times every day.
Thefe Injedions will cure the little Ulcers in his Noftrils that are caused by the fharpa
nefs and malignity of the Matter, and facilitate the decent of the Humeur which is
apt to flick and grow dry in the Paflages, and ftop the Horfe's Breath ; and therefore
you muit Syringe his Noftrils both before and after you give him a Medicine to expel
Afterwards take four Spoonfuls of firong Vincgar, and as much good Aq:a Vitt,
difiblve in 'em a Dram of Treacle above two Years Old, and add a Scruple oft lbhtc-
Hellebor in Powder, and two Grains of Powder of Long Pepper: Mix 'em all toge-
ther, and inject the mixture into the Horfe's Nofe, one half into each Noftril, then
walk him in his Cloaths at a foot-pace, for the fpace of an hour, differing him to
fhuff the Ground with his Nofe, and he will infallibly caft forth abundance of Matter:
Nor muft you be furpriz'd if he lofe his Appetite, for he will quickly recover it. If
any noble part be affected he will die in a little time; but if he live beyond that time,
there is fome hope of his Recovery. Let him fland bridled four hours before you give
him this Remedy, and two hours aiter; and besides, you muft walk him abroad
Morning aid Evening for the face of an hour. But tho' the Horfe have strength to
undergo this Evacuation, and tho' none of his noble Parts be confum'd, I cannot po-
fitively allure that he will be cured of the Glanders, if there be a great Ulcer; only he
will not die fo quickly.
Eight days after, if the Running at the N1 fill continue, rec'at the ufe of the
above-mentioned Remedy, and endeavour to ripen the Kei el or Gland, L applying
Retoires (or Medicines to break the Skin) and convenient Plaifl-rs or Pltijfes, filch as
the Ointment in the Tenth Chapter; Sel. I. or take it oft with an a!ual or potential
Cautery. The azual Cautery is a red hot Iron, which muft be apply'd to the Ker-l:,
and the potential Cautery is that which is commonly called a Cayufic Stone, which infen-
fibly burns the part, and makes a Scab fall off
Inftead of the potential Cautery, you may open the Kernel to the middle with a
Lance, and after it has done Bleeding, thruft the quantity of a Eean of Af 'ic, wrap'd
in a piece of Paper to the bottom of the Hole, which muft be ftop'd with Cotton.
About the fifth or fixth day the Matter will begin to come out, and after the ninth
or tenth a Scab will fall off, resembling the Kernel of a Nut. If there remain any
Impurity or foul Flefh, keep the hole open as long as you can with the Ointment I-
gyptiacim mix'd with red Pracipitate.
If with all thefe Remedies you cannot ripen the Kernel, you muft endeavour to
diflilve it, by applying powerful Refolvents, fuch as Vinegar, fitong Lyes, Ajbes of
Vine-twigis, 41llhm, Nitre, Oil of Peter, Eupborbinm and other Medicines that have an
attenuating Faculty, and are endu'd with a vertue to make the Matter thin, volatile,
and eafie to be dillipated.
The Ointment Dialtb e, the Refumptive Ointment, and Melilot Plaifer, are good to
often and refolve. And you may make a Puitijs of the Roots of Bz iony, and Flower-
de-hlce, Honey, and the Dregs of Linfeed-Oil.
I have proposed all thefe Refolving Medicines for the fatisfaaion and infiruOion of the
Curious; but if the Kernel be very hard, and faften'd to the Jaw-bone, it will hardly
yield to' ihefe Remedies: For besides the inconveniency of the part for the applica-
tion of Medicines, they are not always attended with the expeed HAurr F3 The beft
32 The Compleat Horfeman. PART 1i
way then, in my opinion, is to often the Kernel, and to apply either a red-hot Iron,
or potential Cautery made of Arfenic, Sublimate, or fome other Caujlic.
Tho' the ufual Joftening Remedies are not very effiedual, yet there are fome more
proper in this cafe than others ; and you may confidently ufe that which follows
for in the beginning it may refolve the Kernel before it grow to an extream hardnefs.
I have try'd it, and found it effetual.
SEC T. 3. How to refolve a Gland or Kernel.
Take half a Pound of Lin-feed, reduced to fine Flower, mix it with a Quart of
firong Vinegar, and boil it over a little but very clear Fire, ftirring it constantly.
When it begins to grow thick, add fix Ounces of Oil of Lillies, mingle 'em thorowly,
and apply the Mixture hot to the Kernel, and cover it with a Lamb's-Skin, as in the
cure of the Strangles. Renew the fame Fultifs every day, and after two or three Appli-
cations you will perceive that the Kernel is diffolved. The fame Remedy is proper for
the Strangles, whether true or falfe ; and 'tis an ill fign when it does not fucceed in the
When you undertake the Cure of a Horfe that is feized with the Glanders, the Re-
medies here prefcribed, together with fuch as are given inwardly, ought either to refolve
part of the Kernel, or bring it to Suppuration and then you may conclude that the
Remedy works well, and aflaults the caufe of the Difeafe fince the Gland is leifen'd and
becomes more moveable, and whereas it was bard and large before, is now either little,
foft, or loofe; for 'tis a very good fign, when the Remedies that are us'd produce any
one of thefe Effets. But you muft not flatter your felf with hopes of Succefs, tho'
(as it happens not unfrequently) the Kernel should be considerably diminished during
the Wane of the Moon, and even without the application of any Remedies; for in the
next Encreafe of the Moon, it will grow as bad as ever, and even fometimes harder and
more fixed than it was before. And therefore when you fee it decrease in the Wane of
the Moon, you muft let the next New-Moon be paft, before you adventure to give any
hope of a Cure.
The cure of this Difeafe is usually begun where it ought to be ended ; for as foon
as a Horfe is feiz'd with it, the firftithing his Maifer defires,- and the Farrier proposes to
be done in order to the Cure, is to take off the Kernel, but they ought to consider that
the Kernel is the Effel, not the Caufe of the Glanders, and that the removal of that
can never reftore the Horfe to his wonted Health. And Experience, as well as Reafon,
has convinced me of the prepofferoufnefs of this Method; for I caused the Kernel to
be thrice cut out of the fame Horfe, and after all could not perfed the Cure, tho' I
gave him several good Remedies besides,
But when 'tis convenient to take out the Kernl, you muft obferve the following
Diredions. In the firft place, you muft caft the Horfe, and having opened the Skin
that covers the Ke nel, tye two threads to it to keep the Wounds open during the Ope-
ration. Then, without any Inftrument, take hold of the Kernel with your Thumb,
and separate it from the Bone; for the cutting of any of the Veins that nourifh it,
would caufe a Flux of Blood, which you could not easily ftop: But if it flick fo faft
that you cannot loofen it with your Thumb, or if you perceive fome Vein that muft
neceflarily be cut, yru muft carefully tye it with a Thread before you make the In-
cifion, to prevent a Flux of Blood, and proceed to separate it gently till it be wholly
loofened from the Enre: After which you muff tye all the Veflels that nourifh it, and
faften it to the Bone, and then cut off the whole Kernel, which is a Mafs composed
of a great number of fmall Glands. The Operation being thus performed, wipe the
part very clean from Blood and all manner of moisture, and touch it every where
with a Penfil dip'd in good Oil of Vitriol, which will fear the Orifices of the Veffels that
mroifcned, fed, and fomented the Kernel, and produce a fort of Scurf which will leave
a. i-ar sufficient to flop the courfe of the Humours, and prevent the growing again of
thi. :.rnel for fome time. Then fill the empty face under the Bone with fine Flax,
moif tc with strong and truly prepared A'gyptiacum, and tie on the Bandage with the
Threads I ordered you to faften when you cut the Skin. And afterwards you muft take
care to confume the Flefh as it grows; for the Hole will be quickly filled with Hu-
mours, or rather with fpongey Flefh, which will fill be apt to produce new Kernels, or
at leaft to fill up the void Space, if you do not keep the Hole open till the Cure be per-
CHAP. XII. The Compleat Horfeman 3 3
ieaed, by thrufting in Flax anointed with Fgyptiacum, to preserve the hollow Space
between the.Jaw-bones. And even if need require, you may rub the Part again with
a Pencil dipt in Oil, not Spirit of Vitriol for the former is more effttual, and a stronger
Corrofive than, the latter. Nor muff you forget, every time you drefs the Sore, to
wafh it with luke-warm Wine, till it be healed. Thus you may cut out the Kernel
when you cannot diffolve it: and I faw one fo extremely hard, that we could not di-
vide it with a Hatchet, after it was taken out of the place where it ftuck.
If (as it. sometimes happens) the Kernel grow again after it has beri federal times
cut out, you may reafonably defpair of the Succefs of that Method ; for if you do
not attack the Difeafe with inward Medicines, it will never be cured. And even tho'
after the Operation you rub the Wound with Oil of Vitriol, and take care not to
leave the least part of the Kernel, which would quickly breed another as big as the
former; tho', I fay, the Kernel be wholly extirpated, without the I aft appearance
of its growing again, you muft not conclude pofipively that the Danger is over, for
the present good Pofture of Affairs may be only the Effect of the 'Wane of the Moon:
but if the Kernel does not appear again in the next groiving Moon, you may reasonably
fuppofe that your Remedy has taken Effect, for fince the Matter that nourishes the
Kernel is voided by the Nofirils, during the Wane, 'tis plain that the Swelling muft be
leflened at that time, as, for the contrary Reafon, it muff recover its former Bignefs
during the next Increafe of the Moon. I have already fhow'd that the Matter which is
discharged by the Noftrils proceeds not immediately from the Brain, but from the
Lungs, Liver, and Spleen, and afcends either by the Gullet or Paffages of Refpiration, to
a little Cavity between the Jaw-Bones, from whence it breaks forth and if its Quan-
tity be fo great that it cannot be wholly voided by the Nofe, forms Kejnels, which are
greater or finaller, according to the Abundance of the Matter. 'Tis plain from this
Account, that 'tis in vain to cut out the Kernel, till you perceive that the Horfe voids
lefs Matter, and is in a hopeful way of Cure by the tfe of good Remedies. They
who are acquainted with the Anatomy of a Horfe will be foon convinced of the Cer-
tainty of my Hypothefs,. That the Matter | from below to the little Cavity be-
tween the Jaw-bones : And besides 'tis abfur bfuippoie that the Brain is able to fur-
nifh fo great a Quantity of Matter as that which continually flows from the Noflrils
but we may eafily conceive that it turns the Matter it receives by the above-mentioned
Paffages, to a fharp and thin Liquor, which falls upon the Parts that are already vitiated
by the preternatural Heat, and oftentimes by an Ulcer : And therefore 'tis neceffary in
order to the Cure of thofe Parts, to prevent their fending up to the Brain thefe malignant
Vapours, which being changed into Water, fall down again, and caufe all the Diforders
that usually accompany this Difeafe. This Difcourfe will perhaps feem tedious to
thofe who defire only to be informed of a fure Remedy to cure their Horfes : I affure
them that I would very willingly fatisfie them if I could ; but I have never yet met with
any fuch Remedy. However they may try thofe which follow, and perhaps may find
them effectual but I will not pretend to warrant their Succefs.
SEC T. 4. Another Remedy for the Glanders.
This Difeafe is not always cured by the cutting out of the Kernel; nor by the Re-
nedy I intend to prefcribe for the Evacuation of the Matter, which only expels that
part of it which is already in Motion, and on the way, without removing the Caufe:
and therefore I hall propofe another that is more effeaual, and will perfect the
Cure, if the Difeafe be capable of receiving any; but I think fit to begin with
the former, because it may sometimes be able to conquer a lefs malignant fort of
In the firft place, you muff take up the two Neck,-Veins, two fingers breadth beneath
the ufual Bleeding-Place, as I ordered before: then take an Ounce of Brazil Tobacco, cut
finally, as'tis commonly prepared for Smoaking; infufe it fix hours in a Quart of good
Aqua-Vitz, and gently train it thro' a Clout, throwing away the Tobacco. Let your Horfe
fland four hours bridled in the Morning, then inject half a Glafs of this Remedy into
his Noftrils affoon as he has taken it, walk him a OQarter of an hour in yonu
hand, and afterwards let him land two hours bridled.
34 The Compleat Horfeman. PART II.
If notwithstanding this Remedy, he continue to eat his Meat with the fame Appetite
as before, repeat the fame next Morning, and for fome days after augment the Dofe
by degrees, till you judge it strong enough to caufe a plentiful Evacuation. Continue
to repeat the fame every Morning, or only every second, third or fourth Day,
if he caft forth Abundance of Matter, or be troubled with a violent Beating in his
Flank, or lofe his Appetite, till the Cure be completed, which will happening a Month
or five Weeks. But in prefcribing this Method, I fuppofe that the Remedy ddes not
make him forfake his Meat for if it has that Effet, you mufl not give it him next
Morning, but wait till he has recovered his Appetite, and then givehim another
If this Remedy work too violently, and cafe too great an' Agitation in the Horfe's
Body, infufe two Ounces of Tobacco in a Quart of Oil-Olive; let it ftand in hot Afhes
all Night, and in the Morning ftrain out a G1fs full, which you muff give him luke-
warm, one half at each Noftril. This is a gentler Medicine, and besides that it will
make him void fome Matter, it allays the fharpnefs of the Humours: but you muff
obferve the fame Direaions as before, concerning Beating in the Flank, and Lofs of
You muft take care to augment or diminish the Dofe, according to the good or
bad Condition of the Horfe's Appetite, and the great or finally Quantity of the Matter
which he voids.
Nature oftentimes heals thofe internal Ulcers, which are the Source of the filthy
Matter that runs out of the Nofe, when by a great Evacuation fhe is eafed of the Bur-
then of fharp and malignant Humours that foment the Diftemper. The Cure of
an Ulcer confifts wholly in cleanfing it for you may commit the healing of it to
This Remedy will expel a prodigious Quantity of Matter: fome Horfes bear it well
without losing their Appetite, and even the Kernel disappears in the Wane of the Moon
but if it grow again, you muff repeatji Medicine.
If after a long Continuance in this Nl bd, the Horfe begins to void lefs Matter, and
according to all Probability, the Flux o Matter will quickly ceafe, forbear the Ufe of
the Remedy for fome Days ; and if the Evacuation be wholly ftopt, (as it sometimes
happens) give him a Dofe of the Cordial Powder for three Days together, in a bQuart
of White or Red Wine; after which the Kernel will (perhaps) return no more, and
the Horfe will perfectly recover.
I have given this Remedy to fome Horfes, who were not at all troubled with a
beating in the Flank after the taking of it, nor loft the leaft firoak of their Teeth: they
were cured for fome time, but afterwards fome of them relapfed into their former
When the Lungs, which are the ufual Seat of this Diftemper, are much wafted,
the Difeafe is incurable, and the above-mentioned Remedy haftens the Horfe's
Death: but fince 'tis impoffible to fave him, the beft Way is to difpatch him
When you undertake the Cure of this Diftemper, whatever Remedy you de-
fign to ufe, you ought always during the Encreafe of the Moon, to ftrengthen Na-
ture, and help her by gentle Methods, to caft forth the Matter that offends her;
for which Purpofe repeated Dofes of the Cordial Powder, Treacle, EleEuary of Ker-
les, and the Cordial Pills are very effectual: And during the Crane, you mur fy-
linge the Noflrils, and give Remedies to promote the Evacuation of the Matter.
This Method feems to promise good Effeats; but I will not positively warrant the
Pefurmes are not very proper in this Cafe: 'tis true they expel a great deal of Mat-
ter, :n( even without Violence ; but they make the Horfe too lean and dry, and fpoil
CHAP. X I 1 he Conpleat Horfeman. 35
S E C T. 4. A Perfume to draw forth the offending Humours.
Take Betony, Vervain, Migwort, Speedwell, Bawm, 'ormwood, Scabious, Agrimony,
Mint, Hyffop, and Sage ; burn them in a Chafing-dilh, and putting a Bag with a Hoie
in it about the Horfe's Head, make him receive the Smoak into his Noftrils for a quarter
of an Hour, which will expel abundance of Matter.
The wild Vine that grows in the Hedges, called black Briony, fliced finally while 'tis
green, and afterwards beaten, carts forth a Smell that will make the I-orfe void a great
deal of Matter. Some fay it hurts the Sight, but Experience will convince you of the
contrary : It has moft Virtue when it bears its Flower.
To declare my Opinion ingenuoufly, I never observed any Horfes to receive great
Benefit by Perfumes but I was willing to infert them here for the Satisfation of tome
Perfons. The Syringe makes Perfumes and even Feathers ufelefs, and fpoils not the Horfe's
Appetite: but fince Farriers are very fond of thefe Medicines,and continually propofe the
Ufe of them I thought fit to describe the beft that can be made, tho' even that is not
very effeaual, and I dare not advife you to ufe it.
During the Ufe of thefe Remedies, keep the Horfe to a moifjening Diet, which faci-
litates the Evacuations you are oblig'd to procure. Some diflike moiften'd Bran, and re-
commend Oats: but I always found Bran to be the moft proper Food, for Oats give
Nature too much trouble to digeft them.
I have feen Horfes void Matter at the Nofe fix Years together, and yet during all
that time perform their wonted Service; hunt, eat, and undergo Fatigues like other
Horfes: The Ufe of Remedies was laid afide they were not kept to any Diet, and the
whole Bufmnefs of the Cure was left to Nature; but at laft the Difeafe carry'd them
I have alfo feen others (tho' very few) who could not be cured by Medicines, and
yet, sometimes after the Ufe of Remedies and Hope of Cure were both laid afide, they
recovered their perfea Health.
S EC T. 6. Another Remedy for the Glanders.
Take a Pot large enough to hold five Pints or three Quarts, fill it a third part full
with the fecond Bark of the Aller or Alder-Tree, which grows in watery Places,
and ferves to make Stools, Ladders, and other Utenfils of finally Value: fcrape the Bark
or cut it finally, and,.having added two Quarts of Water, boil it to the Confumption
of one half, stirring it from time to time; then add another Quart of Water to that
which remains, and boil away that alfo; after which add another Quart, and confine
that too then prefs out the remaining Quart, and diffolve in the trained Liquor half
a Pound of Oil-Olive ; pour out half a Pint of the Liquor thus mixed, and give the
reft te the Horfe to drink luke-warm; then inject the other half Pint into his Noftrils,
and afterwards walk him abroad in hisCloaths for half a hour. This Remedy will draw
forth Abundance of Matter and tho' he only voided Matter at one Noftril before, it
will make him run at both: If the Horfe be not cured eight Days after, repeat the
fame Remedy, and perhaps he will recover. I have both cur'd fome Horfes with this
Medicine, and ufed it federal times without any Succefs at all; but it never produces
any dangerous Effets. If this do not cure the Horfe, take up his two Neck-Veins, and
afterwards give him a Dofe of the Cordial Pills four Days together, which will either
cure him, or you may conclude him to be paft Recovery.
SECT. 7. Another Remedy for the fame Diflemper.
Take of Oriental Cafler grofly beaten, an Ounce, Gentian beaten, and Savin fliced
fmall, of each an Ounce and a half: boil them in five Qiarts of firong Vinegar to
three, and after the Liquor is cold, firain it thro' a Linnen Cloth,
36 7he Com pleat Hlorfeman. PART II.
Give the Horfe a Quart of this Liquor after he has flood bridled three Hours; then
cover him, and put hi-m in the Stable: when the Remedy works he will be very fick,.
his Flank will beat, and sometimes he will be feized with a Trembling all over his Body:
if he offer to lie down, do not hinder him, for he will rife again in a little time. Two
Hours after the taking of the Remedy walk him half an Hour, and if you obfervethat
he voids part of his Lzungs at the Mouth, as it sometimes happens with Coughing, you
may conclude the Difeafe to be incurable, and dispatch himn fpeed'ily buitif he only
run at the Noftrils, provided he do not void Blood or green Matter,' you have, no rea-
fon to defpair. Affoon as he has recovered his Appetite, as you 'may e.ped he will
after the Space of one or two, and sometimes three Days, give him another Quart in
the Morning, obferving the fame Direcions as before; and after he begins again to
feed heartily, give him the third Quart, ordering him as at the firfl. After which lead
him abroad every Morning for half an Hour a.and if he be in way of'Recovery,
the RKring at the Nofe will diminish by degrees, and at laft totally ceafe. If after he
has received one Dofe, he caft forth greeniJ )Matter, 'tis a very dangerous Sigti, and irn
all probability the Horfe will never recover.
This Receipt has cured fome Horfes that were thought to have the Glanders; many
received no Benefit by it, and it has killed others whofe Ltugs were fo totally corrupted
that they could not poifibly have lived long, and therefore their Mafters were well rid
There is a great affinity between the Glanders and Farcin; and the latter, when'tis
paft Remedy, degenerates into the former; which, in that cafe, is absolutely in-
S E C T. 8. Of the Emetick Wine.
The EmPitic Tine refolres loft Appetite the frequent ufe of it is very proper for all
tick Horfes, and 'tis mixed with Purging Remedies with admirable Succefs: For tho'
it never purges when it is given by it felt, it promotes the- Operation of Purgatives,
by opening the Paffages, and sometimes provokes Urine very powerfully, when Nature
stands in need of fuch Evacuations: -And besides, 'tis excellent for ClyfIers. Take five
or fix pieces of the fineft Glafs of Antimony, beat them fall, and infule them all Night
in a Quart, or five half Pints of White-Wine or Claret: Next Morning take out the
Powder, which will ferve a whole Year without losing its Vertue.
You may alfo make Emetic Wine, by letting it land four and twenty Hours in.a
Cup of Regz lus of Antimony, which will ferve perpetually, if you take care after every
Infufion to fcour the Cup with Water, and to,waih away the Dregs or Sediment that
flicks to it. "
Or you may put two Ounces of Liver of Antimony in Powder, in a three. Quart Bot-
tle full of White-Wine or Clarct after four and twenty Hours you may take out five
half Pints, and fill up the Bottle with frefh Wine, and by taking out and filling up
the fame quantity conflantly, you may have fremf Emetic Wine every day in the Year,
without any other Charge than that of the Wine. Or you may make very good
Emetic Wine by infufing two Ounces of Algarot in a Bottle of that Liquor.
The Angelical Powder will alfo produce the fame effect, and a great deal better than
any other Preparation of Antimony ; you muff put an Ounce of it to three Quarts of
Wine. Thus you fee Emetic Wine is not very chargeable; and I can affure you tig
The continued ufe of this Wine purifies the Blood, refifts Corruption, preferves the-
lWid, by opening and clearing the Paffages of the Lungs, keeps the Horfe in perfect
Health, and prevents Sicknefs.
In thofe Countries where Wine is fcarce and Beer common, you may ufe the latter
inftead of the former, in all the Preparations of Antimony, which I order to be made
with Wine ; for it will alfo grow Emetic, and produce very good Fffects; and there can-
not be a better Liquor for Clyflers than Emetic Beer, to which you may add any other
proper Ingredients, as you do to the ufual Decotions.
CHAP. X ll. 'Ie Compleat Hor fe an 7
Shall conclude this Ditcourie of the Glanders with a very ufcful Re. :k. You
amuft obferve, during the Cure, whether your Horfe thrives and grows 'at, which is
4 very good iign-, tr if the Lungs were wafted, he would certainly pine away. And
therefore when you obferve this, you may entertain fome hope of hiL 1- jvcr
but you muft not be difcourag'd by the tedioufiefs of the Cure, for two or thi
Months are quickly paft, and the Cure is seldom perfected ib foon.
It may be very ufeful to give a Horfe that has been long tormented with Medicins,
a Quart of ~Jmetic Wrine or Beer with a Horn, and to, inject half a Pint of the futm
Liquor into his Noftrils, continuing after the fame manner thirty days.
- f during that time he void abundance of Matter at the Eyes, like to that which he
vents at his Nofe, you may conclude the Difeafe to be incurable, especially if he con-
tinue to run at the Eyes, eight or ten days.
'If while the Horfe is under Cure, you obferve any Knots of the Farcin to break forth
upon his Body, 'tho' they may be cafily cur'd, and the Farcin be not malignant, yet
the Horfe will never recover.
There is nothing wanting to compleat this Account of the Glanders, but a fure Re-
medy to cure it; which, I muft confefs, I could never find, neither do I believe it
can be found : but oftentimes a Horfe is groundlefly fufpeded to have the Glanders.
When I fay Glanders, I mean that which is incurable, which cannot be diftinguilh'd
from the lefs malignant Kinds, till you find it will not yield to the beft Remedies,
in which cafe you may confidently pronounce it to be incurable. And therefore you!
muft always attempt the Cure, left you be afterwards troubled to think that a Hori
of value has periih'd by your neglect, giving credit, too eafily to the Opinion of igno
CHA P. XIII.
Of the Difeafer of the Head, casm'd by
A LL LMortal Difeafes, which Farriers do not understand, are, in Fraice, called E : T. .
Diftempers of the Head, among which there are fome that resemble th- fTauv .icc
in Men, and are very fatal and pernicious. To give you a diflind Idea of erm y- u
muft know that they proceed from an Inundation of Choler, which atfets the principal
parts of the Body. That which floats in the Stomach deftroys tlhe Appetite and jpoils
Digeftion, that which is lodg'd in the Veins and Arteries caufe:: : Fever, which quickly
proves Mortal. and that which is carry'd to the Head difturbs all the Fundious that
are performed there, which makes the Horfe go heavily, and renders him dull, un-
adive, and benum'd.
If you let a -Horfe Blood while he is in this condition, as foon as it grows Cold you
will perceive it to be yellow on the furface, and the Water that fwims on the top will
be red and yellowish, which is a certain fign of the redundancy of Choler.
The inside of his Lips is yellow 3 and his Eyes are infected with the fame Co-
'Tis called dtclbfultt, or the yellow Difeafe, by the Germans, who are better ac"
quitted with it than we, and have invented a Remedy for it, which a Farrier of that
Nation fold for a great Summ of Money to a Frencbman, who communikited it td
me, and I found it (by experience) to be very efledual for when I try'd it, tlis
was the only Difeafe of the Head that was known. But fince that time the Diftempt._
has changed its Nature, and the alteration of the Caufe oblig'd us to feaich for new
Remedies, tho' to little purpose. When a Horfe is feiz'd with this Diftemper he eant
faintly, hangs his Head and Ears, his Eye is languid, his Noftrils open, and he is apt
to tumble. If thefe figns do not appear, the following Remedy will produce no
effea; for all Difeafes of the Head proceed not from the fame Caufe, and ynia wili
never be able, by this Method, to remove a Diftemper that is not caus'd by thue Over
flowing of Choler. The Difeafes that were known by this Name in the Ye_ s ,/.6 and.
38 The Conmplealt tiorfemadn. PART 4:
166 and thofe of 1669, 1670. and the succeeding Years, were not produced by the
above-mention'd Caufe, and therefore could not be cur'd by the German Remedyl
Snor could we find any other fuccefsful Medicine, for more Horfes died than were
cur'd of thofe Difeafcs. Neverthelcfs I have lately adminifter'd a Remedy in Thea
with excellent Succefs, by the ufe of which several Horfes have been cur'd of thofe
late contagious Diftempers that were commonly called Difeafes of the Head. The Re-
medy for the overflowing of the Bile is as follows.
Take four Quarts of Spring or River Water, and make a Lye, with about half a
Buihel of Afles of Vive-Twigs, by pouring the boiling Water four several times upon
the Afhes, then add a pound of good Oil-Olive, and a quarter of a Pound of Bay-
errics in Powder.
Let the Horfe be kept all Night Bridled, in the Morning let him Blood plentifully'
in the Flat:1, and two hours after give him two Glaffes of the Remedy at the Noftrils
let the Bridle remain on his Head two hours longer, then unbridle him, and give him
fome 1White-later to drink, and either moiflen d Bran, Hay, or Bread to eat, after he
has fed a quarter of an Hour Bridle him again, and let him ftand two hours, after
which give him a Glafs of the Remedy at each Noftril; two hours after unbridlt
him, and fuffer him to eat and drink a quarter of an Hour, as before. Continue
after the fame manner to give him two Glaffes of the Medicine every four hours,
unbridling him a quarter of an Hour, between every two Dofes, till you have
us'd the whole Compofition.
This Remedy makes the Horfe caft forth Water and Snot at the Nofe, but it only
appeafes or quells the Diftemper without removing the Caufe: For the Fix'd Salt of
the Aj7cs being communicated to the Lye, deftroys the Acid that occafion'd thefe
Diforders, and produced the Heat with which the Difeafe is accompanied ; and be-
fides the Oil contributes very much to qualified the Diftemper, as you may eafily per-
ceive in the making of Soap. Afterwards leave the Horfe in a dark place with good
Litter, and free from the noife of Men or Horfes, that he may Sleep, for in this cafe
Refl is the Sovereign Remedy.
As foon as you perceive that he has perfectly recovered his Appetite, walk him
gently in the cool of the day, about a quarter of an Hour, for even or eight days
together; and then purge him 'with the Medicine defcrib'd in Sea. 8. of this
S E C T. 2. Another Remedy for Difeafes in the Head.
The Diftempers that are at present known by that Name, are not caus'd by the
overflowing of Choler; but tho' there is but little hope of Cure, we ought not
wholly to abandon the lick Horfes: For'tis fome satisfaction to endeavour to give'em
eafe, tbo' they are feldom fit for Service afterward. As foon as you fufpect the Horfe
to be feiz'd with this Diftemper, give him a Dofe of the Lieutenant's-Powder, or of
the Cordial Pills, which have a virtue to refift the Poyfon that Suffocates them, and not
unfrequently Cures them perfectly in a little time: And thofe who are cur'd by this
Method are as fit for Service as formerly. And even by way of prevention you ought
to give the fame Powder or Balls to all your Horfes, and repeat them after three days i
for they who have taken thefe Remedies will certainly efcape falling into this Di-
ftafe. Befides, you muft perfume the whole Stable, and change the Pails, Shovels,
Forks, Curry-Combs, and all the Furniture of the Stable. But if the Horfe has been
fick for fome time, it will be convenient to try other Remedies: For the Powder is
only proper in the beginning, and has no effea after the Difeafe has lafted four and
Take the bignefs of the Tag of a Point of good black Hellebore, open the Skin on
the Horfe's Breaft, and put the piece of Hellebore between the Skin and the Flelh, fo
that it may not fall out: It will make rhe part well as big as your Hat, and draw
the Fluxion thither, by which means the Humour may be diverted, which is carry'd
from the Hea t to the Brain.
CHAP. XIIL The Compleat Horfeman. 39
S E C T. 3. A Remedy for the Difeafe of the Head, called,
As foon as your Horfe begins to refufe his Oats, let him Blood in the Temple-Vehis'
and afterwards prepare the following Remedy. Take of the Herb call'dDevils-Bit,
and Fumitory, of each one Handful, Cummin-feed one Ounce, Affa-ftida half an
Ounce, Strong Beer or WVbitc-wine a Quart, put them into a Pot covered clofe with a
Hog's Bladder and Paper, and the Lid of the Pot over all: fit the Pot to the Balncum
Maria, that is, place it in a Kettle with a Straw-Rope between the bottom of the
Pot and the Kettle ; then pour Water into the Kettle, till it rife within an Inch of
the top of the Pot, and make the Water boil an hour over a strong Fire; after which
take out the Pot, and when'tis somewhat cold uncover it, ftrain out the Liquor, and
make the Horfe drink it Blood-warm two or three hours after his Bleeding then let
him ftand four hours Bridled, and at Night give him a Clyfter with Sal Polycrefl.
Next Morning Bridle your Horfe, and pour a Quart of firong Beer or TIhilt-Wine
tipon the grofs fubftance that remained in the Pot; cover it as before, ani fet it
over a gentle Fire, augmenting the Fire by degrees till it begin to boil: Keep it boil-
ing an hour over a naked Fire, and not in a Kettle as before. After 'tis half cold,
prefs out the Liquor as hard as you can, and throwing away the thick fubftance, give
the Liquor to the Horfe to drink, keeping him Bridl'd four hours after: Then give
him moljen'd Bran, and luke-warm Water to drink, and in the Evening, the follow-
S E C T. 4 A Clyfier for Difeafes of the Head, or the Fiery-Evil.
Make a good Decoaion according to the ufual manner with Polycrefl, or mix an
Ounce of Polycreft in Powder, with five Pints of Beer, put them into'a Brazen Pot with
a Cover, and boil them half a quarter of an Hour with an Ounce of Coloqiintida flic'd
fmall: Add to the ftrain'd Liquor half a Pound of 'Honey of Violets, and give the
whole Blood-warm, by way of Clyfler, to the Horfe in the Evening, for two days
S E C T. 5. A Bag to give the Horfe an Appetite.
If your Horfe refufe to eat, take Angelica and Afa-fetida, both in Powder, of each
half an Ounce, tye 'em to the Bit in a Linnen-Bag, and let the Horfe champ on it
two hours, after which let him Eat two Hours ; then put in the Bit again, and con-
tinue after the fame manner. This will purge the Horfe's Head, and make
him caft forth a great deal of flimy Matter, after which he will feed more
The fame Bag is very ufeful for all fick Horfes, or fuch as have loft their Ap-
S E C T. 6. A Remedy to prevent Difeafes of the Head.
I propose this Remedy for thofe Difeafes of the Head, which continued to infeft
fome Horfes in the Year 1672. and it will certainly succeed if you refift the Difafe in
the beginning but if the Diftemper has made any progress, it will not yield to
this Remedy: And therefore you muft prepare the Medicine as foon as you have
the leaft fufpicion that your Horfe is feiz'd with this Diftemper; for 'tis better to
make it in vain four times, than once to negle6t the opportunity of making it, fince
it always produces fome good effects.
As foon then as you perceive the left fign of this Difeafe: For example, if the
Horfe be dull, heavy, and retufe his Oats, give him an Ounce of burnt Al4low, in
Powder, with an Ounce of Salt of Glafs, or Axungia vitri, and two (nOncs of
Su ya, -(nidy
'I ^ *- ^ I
40 The Cor pleat Horfeman. PART II
Sugar-Candy in a Quart of Wbite, or (which is better) Spanif/-Wine: Then keep
him Bridled two Hours, after which unbridle him ; and you will certainly find him
free of the Diffemper.
And even tho' he be not troubled with that Difeafe, this Remedy will do him
good by confusing the Phlegm in his Stoiriach, and giving him a good Appetite.
SECT. 7. A Charge for Difeafes. qf the Head.
STake about two Pounds of Blood out of the fick Horfe's 1Neck-Veins receive the,
Blood into a convenient Veffel, firring it with your hand to hinder it from coagu-
lating ; then fet it on the Fire, stirring it continually with a Wooden Slice, and add
to it three quarters of a Pound of Oil-Olive, and two Glafles of Vinegar : Boil 'em to
the confiftency of an Ointment, with which luke-warm Charge his whole Head, leaving
only his Eyes open: This Charge will diffolve (he Matter that is gathered in the
Paffages and make it run; besides it will ftrengthen and bind the Parts, and hinder
the Defluxion from falling upon them.
The frequent ufe of Clyfers will alfo divert the Humours, and make a Revulfion;
?.nd you muft give one at leaft every day. Befides, you muft apply black Hellebore, as
you were taught before, and make a second application two days after, if the firft do
not caufe a fivelling.
S E C T. 8. An excellent Remedy fw the Difeafe in the Head,
call'd, The Spanifl-Evil.
Hitherto there have been but feii good Remedies prefcrib'd for the Difeafe of the
Head, called, (I know not why) the Spanif-Evil. You may know it by the
Horfe's ftaggerinig or reeling as he goes, which is caus'd by the motion of the Vapours
in their afient to the Brain, which make him fo giddy that he cannot walk straight
forward : Befides, he has a strong averfion to his Meat, his Mouth burns, his Heart
and Flanks beat violently ; and by viewing him attentively you may eafily perceive,
that he fufiers extreamly, and can hardly efcape without timely aliiftance.
Take one cf thofe Beer-Glaffes, which are very large and yellow, reduce it. to
Powder, and firain it through a fine fearce : Or rather (which is far more effetual) take
four Ounces of Salt of Glafs, which is white, and may be found in Driggifls-Shops,
beat it very finally, and afterwards beat a handful of Salt; njix 'em with three Pints of
Cordial--Water in a Pot, and heat 'em till the Salt be diflolv'd, that is, as much of it
as can be diffolv'd : The common Salt will open the Body-.f the Salt of Glajs, and
make the Co; dial-lWater penetrate it, for Salts co not a& unlefs they be diffolv'd. Then
firain out the Liquor, and while it boils infufe in it two Ounces of good and freth
Thea, for fix or eight Hours, during which time you muff-keep the Water luke-warm :
Strain again, and throwing away the bhea as ufelefs, keep the Water that is impreg-
nated with the Salt, and with the Tinaure of the Thea. Afterwards give the whole
quantity of Liquor to the Horfe, pouring it into his Thrcat with a Hbrn, then
cover him, and keep him three Hours Bridled in the Stable.
If the fift Defe do not cure him, give him another four and twenty Hours after,
and every day injed a Clyjier of two Quarts of Emetic Beer, or inftcad of that, take
an Ounce of Sal Polycrefl, as much Coloquintida flic'd finally, two Drams of Anni-feeds
beaten, and two Quarts of Beer ; mix 'em and let 'em fiand in Infufion fix hours on
hot .Afhes, then boil 'em a little, ftrain, and adding a quarter of a Pound of frefl;
Butter, injet it lukewarm.
There is a great deal of Malignity in this Diflemper, for 'tis accompany'd with a
prete; natural Heat, which defiroys that which is natural and oftentimes before a Man
thinks of giving this Remedy, fome noble Part is feiz'd with fo violent an Inflamma-
tion, that the Fire cannot afterwards be extinguifh'd till the whole part is confum'd,
which fatal event may be occafion'd by the neglect of one day. Thus the Horfe's
Death muff not be imputed to the infuffciency of the Remedy, which is certainly
very effeaual, but to the untimely application of it. By virtue of the Fix'd Salts, of
which it is composed, it puts a ftop to the fubtilty, or (if I may ufe that expreflion)
the great Volatility of the fharp and fubtle Spirits, which, by reason of their light-
nefs, are carry'd to the Brain, and by their malignant and poyfonous fharpnefs, change
and vitiate its Subftance. And fince a Fix'd Salt, when tis ftronger and in greater
CH A. X III. 'Ihe Compleat Horfeman. 41
quantity is able to fix a volatile Salt, and unite the fame to its own Subftance: the two
balts that.compofe this Remedy will fix thofe Saline Spirits that rife with the Vapours
and occasion all the Diforders that are obftrv'd in Horfes when they are feiz'd with this
Diftemper. This is a very probable Hypotbefs, and I wou'd infift longer upon it, if it
cou'd be understood without fome Knowledge in Cbymifry. Besides what I have fald
concerning the Effed of thofe Salts, they open the Body of the Theca; and the Water,
by their Alliftance is impregnated with the lfential Salt of.that Plant, and extracts
all its Virtue. 'Tis generally acknowledged that Thea is of excellent Ufeto strengthen
the Brain, when'tis weakened by thofe volatile, fharp, and malignant Salts I mentioned
before: from whence 'tis plain, that this Remedy muft infallibly cure the Horfe, if
the Difeafe be not inveterate. Afterwards you muft administer good lyflers, give him
boil'd Water for his ordinary Drink, and keep him to a fpare Diet; but if he abstain
wholly from eating, you muft give him the Remedies dcfcrib'd in the Eighth Chapter,
Tahus I have freely communicated this Secret to the Publick, which I'm per-
fwaded is the only Remedy for thofe Difeafes; for Experience has convinced me of its
admirable Efficacy to quench that unnatural and violent Heat which confumes the fick
The Caufe why thofe Horfes that are cur'd of the Difeafes of the Head are never
afterwards fit for Service, is the Negled of Farriers, who take no Care to purge away
the offending Matter. For tho' the Diforders that accompany'd the Difeafe are quieted,
there reniains a Ferment, which may produce very bad Confequences, if it be not
expelled by good Purging Medicines, fuch as that which follows.
S E CT. 9. A Purging Medicine to be given to Horfes after they
are cur'd of Difeafes of the Head.
Take extJaCted Calia, four Ounces, Agaric two Ounces, fine ,clear Scammony three
Drams, Powder of Rbubarb fprinkled two or three tinies with a little Aqua-.Vits, two
Drams, Coriander-Seed, and Flowers of Roman Cammomile in Powder, of each one Dram,
Maaficb one Scruple: Reduce the dry Ingredients to Powder, mix them with two
Pounds of FreflB Butter, and make them up into Pills of the Bignefs of Tennis-Balls, which
you muft make the Horfe fwallow, keeping him bridled eight IHours before and fix af-
ter : wafh his Mouth after 'em with a Quart of Emetic liine, or for want of that, of
ordinary Wine and walk him half an Hour. About four and twenty 1Hcurs after,
when he begins to purge, walk him abroad once every two Hours, about a quarter of
an Hour, or half an Hour each time, to -promote the. Purgation.
Or you may purge him with the Pills called Galen's S,1maler Iead-Pills- The Dofe is
About two Ounces, in a Pound of frefl) Butter.
If he be not sufficiently purg'd, affoon as the Phyfic leaves working, give him a
Clyfter, made as before with Sal Polycrefl, &c.
After you have purg d him twice, 'tis to be hop'd ihat he will quickly grow fit for
Service; but you muft bring him to work again by degrees, and give Nature time to
recover her strength perfeely, after fo great a Difturbance. And in thle riean time you
may give him an Ounce of Liver of Antimony in. his Bran, every Day for a whole
Month which will purifie the Blood, and compleaf the Cure, by consuming the Re-
mainders of the offending Humours, and cooling the Parts that may be fill a little
diforder'd with the preternatural Heat.
Since this Difeafe usually attacks all the Horfes that lodge under one Roof with
thofe whom it firft feiz'd affoon as you fee any one of the reft begin to refufe his Meat,
you ought (by way of Prevention) to give him the Medicines prepared with burnt
Allom in Powder, Salt of Glafs, &c. defcrib'd in the beginning of this Chapter ; or
you may make him faft fix Hours, and' afterwards give him a D)ole of the Lieutenant s
Powder, or two of the Treacle Balls in Powder; for one Dofe will certainly prevent the
coming of the Difeafe, if it be given affoon as he begins to forfake his Meat. You
may find, in.he Eighth Chapter, proper Medicines to reffore his Appetite.
For a Confirmation of the Ufcfulnefs, of this Method, I might appeal to several Per-
fons of Quality at Paris and in other Places, who have feen their Horfes preferv'd by
it and can tfitifie that after the Ufe of the Powder or Balls, and the perfuming of their
Stables, thefe Difeafes of the Head never entered more among their Horfes, tho' for-
merly they loft almost all they kept, by thofe dangerous Diflempers. The whole Me-
42 1 he Compleat Horfeman. PART II.
thod confifts in giving a Dofe of ihe Lieutenaut's Powder, or two Treacle-Balls in Powder,
and repeating the Dofe three days after: And fince we have fo few certain
Remedies for the Oire of this Diftemper, we ought by no means to negled fo f ine
S E C T. to. Of the true Preparation of Scammony.
Since prepared Scammo)~ y is a common Ingredient in purging Medicines, I thought lit
to iniert a Preparation ot it, which is better than Diagridium, and therefore may be
fafely given to Horfes, fince that is familiarly us'd by Men.
Beat the Scanmoiy to fine Powder, and fpread it on brown Paper; then kindle fome
Brivfjone in a Chafing-Dib, and hold the Paper with the Scammony over it, that it may
receive the Fumes of the Brinflone ; caft new Pieces of BRmfltone into the Chafing-Difh
one after another, for a quarter of an Hour, stirring the Scammony continually, that it
may not flick to the Paper, as it will do if you put too much Fire into the Chafing-
Difh. Alioon as the Scammony begins to change its Colour, you may conclude that 'tis
duly prepared; and this Preparation is the only purging Ingredient that enters into the
Ccmpofition of the Powder called Cornachini.
But fince thebeft Scammony may be eafily procur'd at prefent, I do not think it worth
the while to give my felf the trouble of preparing it for I find that it may be given
in Suiflance very fafely, in a fat and unctuous Vehicle, fuch as Fat or Butter, which
hinder it from flicking to the Parts thro' which it paffes, and from fpoiling the Appe*
tite of Horfes: tho' it muft be acknowledged the Preparation does certainly im-
If you perceive that the purging Medicine you adminifter'd to your Horfe, has not
fo much as loofen'd his Body, or made the Excrements foft, you may fafely augment
the Dofe of the Ingredients that were preferib'd in the leaf Quantity, as being moft vio-
lent, and ferving to quicken and expel the reft. They who purge Horfes know not
how much they venture; for as Bleeding is efleem d the boldeft Operation that can be
made on a Humane Body, I am perfwaded that Purging is the molt difficult and hazar-
dous Operation that can be performed on the Body of a Horfi, and never to be admi-
nifter'd without unavoidable Neceffity, fince 'tis certain that the Motion or Action ofa
Purgative is contrary to Nature, for 'tis efentially defirudive, and ufeful only by Accident.
And besides the Evacuation even of corrupt Humours, is always attended with a great
Expence of Spirits, which weakens the Horfe extreamly; and therefore if Purgation be
not absolutely necefTary, the belt way is to content your felves with adminiftring Cordial
Medicines, which ftrengthen Nature, and help her to expel that which offends her, by
the ufual Paffages. 'Tis true, this Method is not agreeable to Humane;Bodies ; for if
a Cordial Medicine be given to a Man, while his Bowels are full of Impurities, it will
immediately put the Humours into a Fermentation, which may occasion very dange-
rous Tumults and Commotions, and not unfrequently produce a Fever: But the Con-
flitution of Horfes is very different from that of Min: for a Cordial Remedy is not
only more agreeable to 'em than a Purgative, but produces the famB Effe&s with lefs
Danger; for it flrcngthens Nature, whereas Purging defroys it.
CH A P. XIV.:
Of Diafeae of rhe, Eyes.
T HE Difeafe of the Eyes proceeds either from a Rheum, or from fdme Accident,
that is, from Internal or External Caufes
A Rbeum or Defuxion, is an Inflammation of the Eye, occafion'd by fhirp and biting
Humours, which flow thither and caufe Heat and Paii.. The Eyes appear watry, hot,
red, and fwoll'n: And fince the Dcfluxion does not usually come in an infant, you
may eafily obferve its daily Progrefs. Wh
CHAP. XI V. T he Compleat He, Wf n. 4
When ihe Difeafe is caused by a Blow, Hurt, or Stripe, it comes q'iicky to a Heiiith
and you may perceive on the Outfide of the Eye that the Skin is peel d oil. Thie either
Signs are the fame as in the former Cafe, but this is lfs dangerous, becaufe 'ts not
necefiarily attended with an ill Difpoiition of Body.
When you are fatisfy'd that the Difeafe is caus'd by a Defuxion, you mufl in the next
place examine whether it be proper to the Eye it felf, or be occalion'd by its Sympathy
with fome other Part which is alfo affected ; and when that is cur d, the Diitemper of the
Eye will vanifh. For Example, if the Liver be too hot, and produce thin and boyling
Blood, this may caufe a Defluxion and Heat in the Eye, the' it be otherwise found;
in which Cafe the Diflemper of the Eye is wholly owing to the Blood, which is too hot
and thin to afford it fuitable Nouriffiment, and the fame may be faid of the other Parts.
But when the Difeafe is proper to the Eye, the Subftance of that Part is immediately af"
feLted, either by a Defte in its Formation, for want of Spirits to animate it, or by
reafon of the lofs of part of its fibftance, which are the moff dangerous Cales, and almoft
incurable: for Rbeumi that proceed from Sympathy yield to good Med icines; but there
are few Remedies to cure a Difcafe that is feared in the Subftance of the Eye; for
which Reafon thofe Dift1mpers that increase and abate according to the Courfe of the
Moon, are ahneft always incurable, fince they are both Sympatbetical and Pro~per ; Sym-
pathctical, because they follow the Courfe of the Moon; and Proper, because thePrin-
cipal of that Sympathy is in the Eye it felt.
But fince moft Perfons are not fo fond of Reafoning as of a fpeedy Cre, you may pafs
by thefe Diftintions if they feem too hard to be underftood; for the ill Succefs even
of thofe Remedies that are duly apply'd, will discover but too plainly the Natute of
Aflbon as you undertake the Cure of any Difeafe in the Eye, you muft abiLlutely
forbid any Oats to be given to the Horfe, and only feed him with mo;jienld Bnr; you
muft alfo take care that he be not wrought hard, nor kept in too hot a Stable ; for
the great Heat of the Stable augments the Diftemper, as well as extream Cold. If it
be a Rheum, the Horfe mult not be let Blood, lor Bleeding wou'd rake him lofe his Eyes;
in which refpea the Method of Cure differs much from that which is convenient for
Men: for Rbeums in the Eyes of Men are cur'd by Bleeding in the Beginning of the
Difeafe, whereas the fame Remedy wou'd make a Horfe blind. Afterwar- s you muft
take up the Eye Veins, thus; open the Skin over the Vein, separate the VefIel with a
proper Inftrumen*, and without taking any Blood out of it, or cutting it, tie a Thread
about it, which will sufficiently divert the too abundant flowing of the Blood that
way, which heats the Eye by too much Nourifhment, and frequently caufes thofe Ac-
cidents which are obferv'd in that Part.
I have found out an excellent Method to take up thefe VTein without Incifion. for ha-
ving ty'd a Cord or String (fuch as is us'd for the fame purpo~l in Bleeding) about
the Horfe's Neck to make the Veins well, I pierce the Skin above the Vein with a
crooked Needle made like a Semicircle with a firong Thread faften'd to it, and run-
ning it under the Vein, make it come forth on the other Side; then I tye the Thread
about the Vein with a double Knot, and make another Knot on the fIme Vein, a large
Finger's breadth from the former; after which I take up the Vein on the other Side
after the fame manner. This caufes a little Swelling in the Temple, which may be
easily remov'd by chafing it every day with Aqua-Vita;, and after the Scab, or rather
the Thread that ty'd the Vein is fallen off, the Wound will be quickly closed up with-
out further Trouble. Thus the Vein is ftopp'd without any outward Scar, and you may
take up more Veins in two Hours by this Method, than in a whole Day by Inc.iion and
besides the Courfe of the Blood is as effeaually fiopp'd as by the other Way: tor I
have performed this Operation many hundred times, and alwa s with Succefs. itr vou
design to cut the Sinew under the Vein; fince you cannot make ufe of the crooked Nee-
dle, you muff neceffarily have recourfe to Incifion: but if you are afraid to cut the
Sinew, as believing it to be too hazardous an Operation, you muft take up the V'ein.with
the Needle. To conclude; You muff not be furpriz'd tho' the Holes that are made
by the Needle thou'd bleed a little ; for affoon as you take the Cord &'rom the Horfe's
Neck, the Blood will be immediately flopp'd.
Under the Eye-Vein there is a Sinew, which is as big as the Vein ; after you have
found it out, you may separate and cut it ; because its Communication with the Optic
Nerve that furnishes the Viual Spirits which constitute the Faculty of feeling, is partly
the Caufe of Rheums and even of the Difeafe called the Moon-EJe. For when the Optic
New ve grows loofe, foft, and flaccid, the Spirits that ought to have been carry'`d to the
SG 2 Eye
4.4 The or'1 1a Hiori e. 1, PA I A R
44I --I--- I -
Eye, not being able to find a Paflage that way, are ftopp'd and diiiipated fo that the
Eye being deprived of its ufual Supplies, grows hot, and if at the fame time there hap-
pen to be the leaft Conjunation of any other Cauie, as the Diforder, Heat, or Cor-.
ruption of the Blood, immediately a Rheum is form'd, which encreafes or abates ac-
cording to the Caufcs that foment it. But aftbon as you cut this other Eyc-N'wve, the
i;tic-Ai',ve with which it communicates, grows immediately fiir, the Spirits resume
their wonted Courfe, the Iiftafe is eafily cur'd by the Application of proper Reme-
dis, and the Eye returns vigorously to its former Task: nevert-he-clds few Farriers have
Court age enough to venture on this Operation, which without any Reafo they ima-
gine to be very dangerous.
If you defire a further Confirmation of the Truth of what I have faid, you may eafily
fatisfie your Curiofity, by making the following Experiment on a living Colt of finally
Yalue. Separate the Skin from his Head, and you will not only perceive the Cornmu
nication of the two NAi ves or Sinews, but that the Optic-Nerve will appear firiifr and
more ftretch'd, alloon as you cut the other, which you may find without mu:h diffi-
culty, tho' it lies deep and near the Bone. But they who dare not venture on this Ope-
ration, may content themselves with takbig urp the Eye-V ein.
I'm confident you will not find this Remark in any other Author, and I'm fully fatisfy'd
of its Jufthifs and Solidity ; fince 'tis not only agreeable to Reafon, but confirmed by
many and fuccefsful Trials, both in the Cafe of Rhbums and M oon-E,'es. If both the
Eyes be affected, you muft perform the Operation on each Side.
The mcft frequent Caufes of the Lofs of a Horfe's Eye are, in my( Opinion, the
too great Abunndance of Noiuifnmec:t, and the DefeS ofVij al Spi: its, both which are re-
mov'd by th ttwo above-mention'd Opera ions. For the cutting of the Neve promotes
the Courfe of the Spirits, and the t,,'i rp the Vein keCps back the fiuperfluous Nourifh-
nient, which will be yet more efiecually performed, and the Cure haiten'd by taking
zup the two 'fugltars, commonly called the Neck-Ve ins.
When the Horfe is troubled with Rheums, you muff give him something to cool his
Blood. Thus an Ounce of Sal Prnmell6 in Powder, mix'd every day with his Bran,
will allay the Heat, and leffen the Defluxion:' but if you perceive that this weakens
his Stonmch too much, and makes him forfake his Meat, you may fubftitute Liver of
Antimony ii.iead of it, till he recover his Appetite, and then give him Sal Prunell again
till the Cure be completed.
To what has been faid I fall add a very rare but true Obfervation. I faw a Horfe
who had fo good Eyes, that 'twas impoilible to find any,.efe6t in 'cm ; being one Day,
under his Mafter in the Field, a great Thunder-clap deprived him of both his Eyes in an
infant, and he remained blind ever after.
S E C T. 2. A Remedy for Rheums in the Eyes.
If the Eye be fwoll'n, hot, clcs'd up, and red or blood-fhotten, you mluff immediately
prepare a reftringent Charge to ftop the flowing of the Humours. Take common Bole-
Ar mem c in Powder, mix it with Vinegar and the Whbites of two ELgs, till it be reduced to
a kind of Pafte, which you muft apply Morning 'and Evening about the Eye for half
a foot round, and bathe the Eye with Aq-ia-Vit&, or ufe that which follows. Take a
new-laid Egg boiPd hard, and having taken off the Shell, cut it thro' the middle, and
take out the Yolk, in the place of which put a piece of white Vitriol about the bignefs
of a Nut, then join the two halves of the Egg, and wrapping it in a piece ofclean
and fine Linnen, infufe it in half a Glafs of Rofe-Water for the face of fix hours, af-
ter which throw away the foak'd Egg as ufelefs, and referring the Water, pour eight
or ten Drops of it into the Horfe's Eye with a Feather, Morning, and Evening, which
will quickly perfect the Cure. If you make ufe of Aqua-Vita, you muft bathe the
Eye with a little fine Sponge foak'd in it, five or fix times a day ; Experience
will convince you that you cannot chufe a better Remedy either for Rbeumns or
If the Diftemper require a prefent Remedy, you may instantly prepare that which
Take the tbite of a new-laid Egg, an equal Quantity of Rfce-Water, bite Vitriol
in fine Powder the bignefs of a fall Nut; beat them well with a flick: Some of this
being put into the Eye will divert the Rhemn, and take away the Heat.
C H AP. XtV, e 6iomple, ti 4Wjw i 4;
Thefe Waters will not keep good above feven or eight days at rft, aiter which
they turn fharp. Their Virtue is to allay the Htat, and flop the Ht(uiour tlhat floW
into the Eyes ; and the Smarting which they cauie is inconfiderable, andil als but a Mo-
ment. They are alfo very ufeful for Men.
If the Diftemper will not yield to this Remedy, make ufe of the following
You ought to make choice of a good Medicine at firft, and not change it lightly
afterwards for nothing retards the Cure more than the Change of Remcdies Every
one thinks his own be ft; but when you have begun with one, and fid Benefit by it,
you ought to flick to it afterwards.
S E C T. 3. An Eyc-Water for Horfe;.
Take the Herb Ale-Hoof or Ground-Ivy, which grows in flady Places, and is altoge-
ther different from common Ivy for its Leaf is fimaller, thinner, and les shining, but
of a stronger finell, besides it dies in the Winter, whereas the creeping Ivy reiifts the cold
Weather, and therefore they are guilty of a very great Errour, who inftead ot this, make
ufe of Ivy that creeps on the Ground. Take I fay, four Handfhls of true Ground-Ivy, beat
it in a Marble Mortar with the Whites of fix hard iPgs; then add half a Pint of very
clear White-fWine, Rofe-Water a quarter of a Pint, SuarC--n.ly, and white Vitriol, of each
an Ounce and a half: Beat 'em all together, and incorporate them very well with the
Pefile, ftrewing upon them an Ounce of white Salt: then cover the Mortar, and! place
it in a Cellar ; after it has flond there five or fix Hours, pour the whole Comp AlidiA;n
into a Hypocras-Bag of clean white Serge, and fet a Veffel under it, to receive the Wa-
ter that drops thro', which muff be preferred in a Glafs-Bottle 5 and every Morning and
Evening pour fome of it into the Horfe's Eve.
There are few Rheuns which this Water will not cure; but if there remain a white
Film or Skin upon the Eye, you mufl confume it with the Powders that hall be after-
S E C T. 4. Another Eye-Water.
Infufe a Piece of blue or Cyprus-Copperas in any one of the following Waters, which
are all endued with a fingular Virtue to cure Rheums in the Fye -, vi;. the Waters of
Plantane, Fennel, Eye-bright, Rue, Celandine, Rofes, Cbhrviz; or for want of tht'e you
may ufe common Water. The Infufion will be of a blwq;) Colobur drawing towards
green, and impregnated with the volatile Salt of Vitriol, which is qititing, fweet, bal-
famiic, and astringent, and confequently excellent for Rednels and In-lammntions of
the Eyes; nor can it offend that tender Part by reason of its Subit ince which partakes
'f Copper for 'tis of too clofe a Contexture to be penetrated by a iilnple Water, which
is not a true Mcnflrumn or Diffolvent.
The Poor may fafely ufe this Remedy for Difeafes in the Eyes, for 'tis both cheap
and good. And at the fame time you muff apply the following Ointmnt.
S ECTT. 5. An Ointment to divert the Rheum from the Eyes.
Take'0' the Ointment called Albmm Rhafis, one Pound, Salt of Lead, extracted in
preparing the Oil according to the Method prefcribed in the i6th Chapter, Se7. half
.a.Pound, reduced to fine Powder, or if that cannot be had, the Salt commonly uted
by Chymffi., incorporate them very well together and anoint the Parts about the Eyes
half a Foot round, Morning and Evening for a considerable time, with this Compo-
fition, which will divert the Rliwm, and take away the Heat mere efletually than o-
ther Ajingents, and muft be ufed as long asthefe.Caufes continue but you muff not
anoint the Eyes with it, to which other proper Remedies muft be applied.
Plantane and Celandine beaten, and applied to the Eye, take away the Heat, and dry
up the Rheum.
To make the Remedy flick, you muft wrap it about the Horfe's Poll, leaving Holes
in the Clout for the two Ears, and another for the found Eye t for this is the only
proper Bandage for thofe Parts, SEC .
h4 The Con pleat Horfeman. PART II
S E C T. 6. A Charge to divert the Defluxions from the Eyes.
Bake three or four Pippins under the Afhes, take out the Seeds, and beat the Apples
in a M arble Mortar, fprinkling them with Rofi-water, or the diftilid Water of Lettuce
or Sicco;;y then apply them to the Eye with foft Flax, renewing the Charge frequently:
you may ufe rotten Apples inftead of foiiid ones, and fpare the trouble ot roasting and.
beating them. This is an excellent Remedy, for it takes away the Pain and Inflamma-
tion, and gives eafe for fome time; during which you may attack the Caufe of the
Diftemper, and endeavour to remove it, by taking up the Eye-Vein and cutting the Sinew,
according to the Method already prefcribed.
The Crifl of a white Loaf hot from the Oven foaked in Cow's Milk, and applied
warm to the Eye by way of Pultice, takes away the Heat and Pain.
A Gift of a Loaf broiled and foaked in firong Aqua-Vita, if it be applied to the
Eye, and renewed every twelve Hours, is an excellent Remedy to heal a fore Eye, by
removing the Heat that draws down the Rheumi upon the Part.
'Tis faid, that a great Toad dried and applied to the Eye, flops the Rheum, and
takes away the Heat;, but I never experienced the Virtue of this Remedy.
You muft never mix any fat or oily Ingredients with the Remedies you prepare for
the Eyes, whether the Diftemper proceed from a Rbeum or Blow; for they flick to the
Part, and caufe a continual Motion of the Eye-lids, which encreafes the Heat.
Some Rheums are fo eafily removed, that ihcy may be cured with bathing of the Eye
five or fix times a day with cold lFater.
Some Horfes have naturally tender or Ievp ing Eyes, without either Rheum or Blow;
and even not unfrequently the Water that comes out of them is b fiharp, that it cor-
rodes the Surface of the Skin which it touches. This Infirmity may be easily cured,
by bathing the Eyes, Morning and Evening with Spirit of Wine, or Aqua-Vita, and
moiftening the Parts above and below the Eye with the fame Liquor.
Of Blows on ibe Eyes.
SECT. I. F the Sorenefs of the Eye be cccafioned by a Blow, Bi7 ife, or Biti'g, you muft
1 view the Part carefully, not only before you apply any Remedies, but during the
whole Progrefs of the Diftemper, that you be able to judge of the Greatnefs of the
Hurt, and of the Probability of the Cure; and upon occasion change your Remedies,
applying either firong or weak Medicines; according to the Urgency of the Symptoms.
If the Eye be very big and fwoll'n, and fend forth Matter, you may conclude that
the Cure will be long, because the Stroak or Biting has certainly fpoiled and corrupted
fome Part within the Eye, which is turned to Matter ; and if that continue to run too
long, as for Example, twelve or fifteen Days, the Horfe is in great danger of losing
his Eye unlefs when he voids the Strangles by his Eyes, which may be done without
the leaft Prejudice to thofe Parts.
If when the Horfe begins to open his Eye, you perceive the ChbyJIallin Humour which
was darkcn'd by the Blow, to be covered with a fort of greenifh Cloud, 'tis a dange-
rous Sign. If red Spots like Clots of Blood, appear and remain on the fame Part, 'tis
properly an ill Sign, denoting the Violence of the Blow, and the Greatnefs of the
Contufion, and prefaging the long Continuance of the Difeafe, but it thews alfo the
Strength of Nature, in expelling that which offends the Eye.
If the fame Part be hurt, as 'tis almost always by a violent Blow, the Horfe will
be in great danger of having his Eye marked with a white Spot or Pearl, which fome-
times is of the Bignefs of a Lentil, and sometimes equals a Pea, being a fort of Callus
produced by Nature to fill up the Hole made by the Stroak.
If during the Progrefs of a long and tedious Difeafe, the Subflance or Ball of the
Eye grow lefs, that part is irrecoverably loft: but you muft beware of Miftakes, for
you may fancy the Eye to be lefs than it was, when in the Declination of the Difeafe
the Swelling difappears, and the fame Part which you were accustomed to fee very big
and fwoll'n, fees then to be dimin;ifhed; and oftentimes the Eyc-lids are drawn to-
CHAP. XV, I be Compleat Horfeman. 47
gether by the confiant ufeof afiringent Remedies, and make the Eyes cm fmallcr
tho' they be not really diminifed.
When the Swelling disappears in the upper part of the Eye,- tho' the Parts below
the Eye remain fill iwoln, 'tis a fign that the Difeafe abates, and that the Swelling
under the Eye will not continue long.
If the Blow be finally you inuf immediately cut the tip of the Ear on the fame fide,
making a Wound equal to the thicknefs of a Half-Crown Piece, and squeeze as much
Blood out of it as you can. This is an eafie and present Remedy, for the Horle will
instantly open his Eye.
It you desire to fee the Infide of the Eye, whether the Sorenefs be occafioned by a
Blow or Rheum, tho' it be fhut ; cover the other Eye with your Hand, and make the
Horfe walk, for he will certainly open the fore Eye as wide as he can, by which means
you may, in fome meafire, difcover the nature of the Diftemper.
If the Blow be great, you muff immediately open the Vein of the Eye or Neck,
and take out a large quantity of Blood (whereas you muft never let a Hortf Blood
that is troubled only with Rheum) for the Bleeding will prevent all Accidents. Be-
fides, you muft take care that he be fed with moiiten'd B;an, and a little Hay, without
any Oats, that he be not Wrought, nor expofed to the Cold, and that the Stable be
not too warm. The Summer-Dew and Night-Air are good for Difeafes of the Eyes,
by allaying the Heat. .Afterwards apply a ReJfri ien7t Medicine about his Eye, or the
Ointmnct described in the preceding Chapter, with Albzum Rbaji Salt of Lead, &c. or
put into his _ye the Solution of Lapis Mirabilis in Water, which is the only Sovereign
Remedy, andmay ferveinftead of all others. Note, That you Imuft not be weary'd
by the long continuance of thofe Difeafes for tho' the Cure is. oftentimes very t,:i(,
pus, it will be perfeded at laft, if you perfevere in the application of convenient
If you cannot procure Lapis Mirabilis, take half a Pint of Plantane, Fennel, or Rofe-
Water, or a third part of each; or if none of thefe can be had, the fame quantity of
Common Water, Jhite Copperas an Ounce and a half, Powder of the Roots of Flower-de-
Luce of Florence two Drams, fuffer 'em to land about an hour in a Glafs Bottle, in a
cold Infufion, then wafh your Horfe's Eye with it two or three times a day. This is
a very good Remedy.
If after one or two Applications, you perceive that it makes the Eve finart too
much, 'tis a fign that the Infufion is too strong, and therefore you may temper it with
halfa Glafs ot Water. This is a very excellent and cheap Reme~y, and good both
for Rheums and Blows: I have often ufed it with Succefs, when L.:-is r;ailis could
not be had.,
All the Remedies prefcribed for Rheums, are alfo good for B,1ow;s; the only diffe-
rence is in Bleedivg, which is proper in the latter, but hurtful in the former Cafes.
After you have ufed Reflringeit Applications or Charges for fame days, the DiQeafe
being now at its greatest eighth, take Ground-Ivy, and Leaves Of Cehi-dine, beat 'em,
and prefs out the Juice, which beingfettled and firained thro' brown Paper, you may
put into the Horfe's Eye, Morning and Evening. This Remedy cleanfes, dries, and
clears the Eye, which otherwise might remain charged, with a Jfebb or Film.
S ECTu 2. OfLapis Mirabilis, or the Wonderful Stone.
The.Effeats of this Stone are exactly fultable to its Nature ; tis cor pof e thus,
Take Wh ite. litiol two Pounds, Roch Allunm three Pounds, fine Bole. Armenlc half
a Pound, -Litbage of Gold or Silver two Ounces. Reduce all the Ingredients to Pow-
4er, and put them into a new glazed Earthen Pot, with three Quarts of Water. Boil them
very gently over a finally Fire, withou~tSmoke, fet equally round the Pot, till the
Water be wholly evaporated, and the Matter at the bottom perfectly dry; then re-
move the Pot from the Fire, and fuffer the Matter to cool, which ought to be hard,
and will fill grow harder, the longer'tis kept.
Put half an Ounce of this Stone in a Glafs-Bottle, with four Ounces of Water; it
will be diffolved in a quarter of an hour, and make the Water white as Milk when
you fhake the'Bottle: You muft wath the fore Eye Morning and Evening, with the
Water, or Solution.
This Liquor, thus prepared, may be kept twenty d-ys,
48 The Compleat Horfeman. PART 1J.
Some Apothecaries keep this Stone in their Shops, and make ufe of it for Men: Arid
as for me, I ufe it for Horfes, nor ever feek any other Remedy for Rheums, Blows, or
Mboon-Eyes. Every Man that is Mafter of a Hoffe ought to keep fome of it by him
for it will keep good very long, aid there are few Remedies for the Eyes that are not
inferiour to it.
When this Stone is reduc'd to PoWder, and blown into the Eye, it causes too much
Pain, tho' afterwards it produces good Effeats and therefore I dare not advife you to
make ufe of it till it be diffolved in Water, left otherwise it should occasion fome con-
If you diffolve two Drams of it in fhred Ounces of Water, it will dry a Wound or
Sore, and allay the Heat, if you wafh them twice a day with the Solution, and apply
a Linnen Clout dipt in the fame to the griev'd part.
Take the quantity of a Walnut of this Stone, and infufe ft in a Bottle capable o
containing an ordinary Glafs, or half a Pint of Water: This Solution, applied as be-
fore, is excellent for Rheums and Moon-Eyes; and you may fill dip the Bottle with frefli
Water, according as you have occafion to enmty it, that it may be ftil kept full till
the end of the Cure, for 'tis not neceffary that it tfhodld be fo firong at laft as it was
at firft. You muft always remember to fhakh the Bottle before you pour any Water
into the Eye.
If by reason of the violence of the Blow, the Eye remain covered with a wbite Film,
after you have taken away the Heat, and flopt the flowing of the Humour with pro-
per Remedies; you muff in the next place endeavour to remove the white Film, by the
following Method. After you have washed the Eye with Wine, make one of the Af-
fifants immediately open the Eye-lids, and taking up fome rWheat-Flower with your
Thumb, firoke the Eye gently with it. This way of putting Powders into the Eye
with your Thumb, is a great deal better than the ufual Method of Farriers, who blow
Powders into the Eye with a Leaden-Pipe; for after you have blown them in two or
three times, the Horfe is fo afraid that he will !do any thing rather than fuffer you to
ferve him fo again ; whereas if you put them in with your Thumb, tho' they make his
Eye fmart extreamly, he cannot fo foon perceive whence the Pain comes.
The IFheat-Flower frequently applied will confilme the Film: But if you perceive
that it has not the defired effect, you muft ufe lWhite Vitriol, or Sal Prunella in fine Pow-
der, which is an excellent Remedy, and confumes the Film, and even a Webb, with-
out heating the Eye, which is the common inconveniency of other Powders.
S E C T. 3. To consume a White Film on the Eye.
Befides the Remedies already proposed, there is nothing fo effecual as Sal-Armonac,
beaten and put into the Eye, and constantly repeated till the Cure be completed.
You muft not be furprized tho' the Film continuettwelve or fifteen days, but perfift in
the ufe of the Remedy.
Or, Put a little Salt into your Mouth in the Morning fasting, and after'tis diffolved
waih the Horfe's Eye with your Spittle. This is an eafie Remedy, and perhaps will
Or, Beat common Salt (which is always at hand) very fine, and put it into the
Eye. This exceeds all other Remedies, fave only Sal-Armoniac.
Salt of Lead, commonly called the Salt, or Magifjery of Saturn, is an excellent Reme-
dy to confume a wbite Film that is caufed by a Rheum. 'Tis eafily made, and not very
harp, and by its coldnefs it repels the Heat occafioned by the Defluxion. If you are
defirous to know its Compofition, See Beguin's Elements ofChymifry, Book II. Pag. 344.
where you will find it described. And Glazer, in his Treatife of Chymiflry, has very
diftindly explained the way of making the Chryfallin Salt, and other Preparations of
Lead, which are very good for the lyes of Horfes.
C H AP.
C HA P. XVI. The Compleat Horfeman. 49
Of Lunatic, or Moon-Eyes.
T HE Eyes of thofe Horfes that are troubled with this Diftemper are darkened b' SECT. x,
a Rheum, at certain times of the Moon, whereas at other times they appear 7o
bright, that you would conclude they were perfectly found. The Defluxion is usually
moft violent in the lVane of the Moon, sometimes about the Full-Moon, and it often-
times ends in Blindnefs. Some enjoy an Interval of fix Months, others are troubled
with a return of the Diftemper once in three Months, and fome grow Lunatic every
The figns of this Imperfecion are particularly described in the Third Part.
During the time that the Eye is adually feized with the Rheum, it appears hot,
fwoln, dark, covered, and weeping, which are the proper figns of a Defluxion: But
the fureft fign of this Diftemper is, when under the Apple 'tis of a faint yellow Co-
lour, during the time of the Defluxion; for afterwards that Colour vanifhes with the
You muff never Bleed a Lunatic Horfe on any occasion whatfoever, unlefs you are
compelled to have recourfe to that Operation by fome unavoidable neceflity, as by
Fevers or Gripings i in which cafes you may let him Blood in the Flank.
I have feen Lunatic Horfes, who having been let Blood for the Farcin, grew Blind
You muft not give the Horfe any fort of Grain, while his Eye is aAtually troubled
with the Rheum, but feed him with Hay, Straw, and moiftened Bran. You may alib
make a Seton on his Pole between his Ears, by thrufting a fharp Iron, red hot, quite
thro' the part where his Mane begins, and on which the Head-ftall of the Bridle refis,
and putting into the Hole a plaited Cord, one half Hair, and the other Hemp, anoin-
ted with Bafilicum, which muft be turned round, and drawn backward and forward
every Morning, to let forth the Matter that has been gathering for the face of four
and twenty Hours. Others keep the Seton open with a Lead-Ring instead of a
The Seton will divert the Humour from the Eyes, and cafe the Horfe in fome mea-
fure, by evacuating part of it.
Some make two Setons, one on the fore-part of the Head, where the Tuft of the
Mane lies over the Fore-head, and another behind where the end of the Head-ftall
refts ; but without any considerable benefit.
If the Weather be fair let the Horfe lie abroad to receive the Night-Dew ; but if it
be Cold, keep him in a Stable that is not very hot: For the Heat of the Stable is very
hurtful to Lunatic Eyes.
'Tis very convenient for a Moon-Ey'd Horfe, to take zp the Eye-Vein, when the
Rheum is at the height, and when you can meet with an expert Farrier: And it will
not be improper to cut the Nerve that lies under the Vein, as I taught you before.
But tho' you do not think fit to cut the Nerve, you muff of neceflity take up the Veint,
which may be eafily done with a crooked Needle, as in th- cafe of Deflnxilcs. Be-
fides, the taking up of the Jugular Veins will very much promote the Cure ; and you
may alfo obferve the following Diretions.
'Tis extreamly profitable for Mooi-Ey'd Horfes to rowel them at the fide of each Eye,
on the flat part of the Cheek-Bone, to divert the Humour from flowing to the Eyes,
and more especially to evacuate that which is already fallen upon them.
The Operation is thus performed.' Cut the Skin overthwart with a Launce or Razor,
and separate it from the Flefh, about three Inches upwards with the handle of a
Slice ; then put into the Hole a piece of Lead, two Inches long, and one broad, rai-
fing up the Skin a little below the Incifion made with the Launce, to keep the Lead
fure. Let the Rowels remain twelve'pr fifteen days, and make the Matter run out
twice every day, by preffing the part gently downwards. The Orifices made either
by a Seton or Rowel heal of themselves after the Cord or Lead is taken out: Inftead
of Lead you may put into the Hole a little Straw, or a piece of an old Shoe, ov
Gentian-Root. After thefe precautions you may proceed to the ufe of Rue-later,
- -- --L- ~
50 The Compleat Horfeman. PART II
S E C T. 2. Of the bef wy of making Rue-Water, to Cure
Since Rue-W1ater is an excellent and specific Medicine for the Eyes of Hoifes; and is
not to be had every where, I thought fit to fubjoin the. true way of preparing it.
Take three or four handfuls of Rue, cut it finally, and put it into a Difh of.Silver, or
Earth glazed, which you muft fet on a Chafing-Difh, with another Difh on the top
of it, and give it a gentle Heat. Remove the upper Dilh from time to time, and
take out the Water which you will find flicking about it, with a Feather, then fet it
on as before, and let it ftand for fome time ; after which take it off again, and you
will find more Water. When you have gathered a considerable quantity of Water,
as for example, a fmall Glafs-full, diil6lve in it the bignefs of an ordinary Walnut of
Ihhbitc-Vitriol, and bathe the Eye with it Morning and Evening; or if this be not of
sufficient efficacy, make ufe of the Lapis Mirablnis. And if that Stone should fail too,
as it may sometimes happen to do when the Eye is very much inflamed, you muff
have recourfe to the Oil of Lead, pouring even or eight drops of it into the Eye
every day, which is an incomparable Remedy, and will fully answer your de-
Oil of Leal is a specific Remedy for Defluxions on the Eyes, and especially for
thofe that follow the Motions of the Moon. If you adminifter it a little before the
ufual time at which the Moon brings down the Rbewnm, that Symptom will be prevented,
and the Eye remain found: And by perfifting in the ufe of this Medicine, that is, by
putting two drops of it into the Eye every day with a Feather, you may preserve
Horfes that are fubje& to Moon-Eyes for several Years, ,without the leaft appear-
ance of their wonted Diftemper, their Eyes remaining all the while found and
If the Horfe be a&ually feiz'd with the Diftemper, you muff administer the Re-
medy twice a day, and you will be quickly convinced of its Efficacy.
I have often try'd it with a great deal of fatisfaaion, and you may safely depend!
S E C T. 3. Of Oil of Lead, called Oleum Saturni.
There are different Methods of preparing this Medicine prefcribed by all the moft
celebrated Chymifs both Ancient and Modern, who give it the name of Oil, tho' im-
properly, because 'tis not Inflamable, and I thought fit to retain the fame Name,
fince the ufe of it is confirmed by fuch Illuffrious Writers as Paracelfus, Crollius, Zwelfer,
&ac. Among all the various Preparations of it, I chofe to make ufe of that which
follows, as the leaft intricate: But if you are not expert enough in thefe Operations,
you may employ fome Artift to prepare it Methodically, tho' you will find the fol-
lowing Defcription of it fo clear and exad, that.it may be easily made by any Man
that has the leaft skill in Diflillation.
Take fix Found of Cerfe, reduced to Powder,. by rubbing it on the bottom of a
Searce turned upwards, put it into an Earthen Pot witli ten Quarts of 'difliled Vinegar,
and digeft 'em in a Sand-Furnace, three Days and three Nights, ffirring the bottom
of the Matter from time to time with a Wooden Slice; then filt'rate the d~f/illed Vinegar,
impregnated with the Salt of Lead, and evaporate all the moifture, which will leave
the true and fxt Salt of Lead, which you muft put into a Glafs Retort, leaving two
thirds of it empty. Place the Retort with its Recipient in a Sand-Flirnace, giving at
firft a very gentle Fire, which muft be gradually augmented till nothing come out of
the Retort. Then let the Veffels cool, and you will find in the Recipient the Oil of
Lead, which you may make fironger by evaporating the third part of the PhePam which
it contains; but without any evaporation, it will be trng enough for the L.,atic Eyes
of a Horfe.
The remaining Matter is an excellent Salt of Lead, of good ufc in feveral cafes: It
may be applied either alone, or mixt with several Ointments to divert Rheums, or allay
excefive Heat, asI hall afterwards obferve: But 'tis ftronger than that which is usually
CHA P. XVI. The Compleat Horfe mad. 51
Sold by 'hymifs, who cryflallize it to make it more pleasant to the Eye, neither do
I think it proper to be ufed inwadly till it be diflolved in Water, filtrated, evaporated,
cryftallized in a Cellar, &Gc.
I know byr experience, that fome pretended Chymnfis will tell you that this Opera-
tion is impol ble but I always found that they were either Ignorant or wanted pro-
per Veflels. I have prepared it, and caused it to be prepared, neither will any Man
who has the leaft skill in Chymbijry, complain of the difficulty of the Work.
This Salt. is called Sugar of Lead, because of its fwieetnefs to the Tafte, and being
free of that Acrimony or fharpnefs which is common to all other Salts, 'tis useful not
only for Moon-Eyes, but for all manner of Rbeums in the Eyes without occafioning
the leaft Pain or Smarting; for it allays the immoderate, and confirms the natural
Heat of thofe Organs, and consequently diverts the Rheum. You may diffllve two
Drams of it in Water of Nihtflade, Celandine, or Eye-bright, and bathe the Eyes with
A certain Modern Author writes, That if it be expofed to the Air it diffolves into a
Liquor ; but I am not altogether of his Opinion; for tho' the Air has fome influence
upon it, yet it cannot reduce it to a Liquor. The Salt is more eafily to be had than
the Oil, but 'tis not fo effectual.
They who are profeft Enemies to the Art of Chymijlry, and endeavour to difcredit
all its Operations, pretend that we ought by no means to ufe the Salt of Lead, iince
'tis only Lead Calcined, as indeed if it be melted in a Crucible with Salt of Tartar, or
.Aitre, it will return to itsfirft Subftance: But tho' Mercury, however difguifed, may be
reduced to true and fluid uickfilver, yet 'tis applied to several Ufes, because the Body
of it is artificially opened, and either made familiar to our Bodies, or rendered pro-
per to empty the part to which it is applied, whereas in its own Nature 'tis clofe,
and unfit to produce thofe Effects which are daily caused by fome Preparations of it.
So the fubftance of the Lead being opened, and united to the Acid Spirit of Vinegar,
which diffolves it, it has a wonderful Vertue to cool the Eye; but by melting it with
Salt of Tartar, the Spirit of Vinegar is destroyed by that Salt, and the partsoof the Lead
having nothing to keep them in their new situation, are again reduced to Lead, tho'
but in a finally quantity.
Sometimes the Defluxion is fo copious that it cannot be ftopt by the Oil, in which
cafe you muft intercept its Courfe by a refiringent Remedy applied to the Fore-
Take fine Frankincenfe, Maflic, and Bole Armenic, of each an equal quantity, reduce
them to Powder, and mix them with Ihites of Eggs, and 7uice of Hozfe-leek, which
grows on Houfes, resembling a little Articboak, Spread this Compofition on a piece
of Leather, and apply it to the Horfes Fore-head from one Temple to the other, re-
newing it once or twice every day according to the violence and copioufnefs of the
Rheum, and tying it on the part with a Linnen-Band.
S E C T. 5. Of cleaning the Horfe's Eye below, or cutting out
When there is no present fign or appearance of a Defluxion in the Eye, and the
part is as clear as its Infirmity will allow, you may have recourfe to a Manual Opera-
tion, which has been fuccefsfully adminifter'd to fome Moon-Ey'd Horfes, and with-
out any effect to others and therefore you muft not imagine that this Operation can
restore an Eye which is fo weakened by the Rheum that 'tis almost quite loft. But
all that can be reasonably expected from this Method is, that it will preserve the
Eyes in the fanme condition, as when the Operation was performed, and prevent the
total lofs of them.
This Operation ought to be adminifter'd (if poffible) in the Wane of the Moon, and
after this manner. In the firft place having caft the Horfe, apply a finally piece of
Money mark'd,. to the corner of the Eye, between the Eye and the Haw, which is
a Cartilage that all Horfes have, by the help of which you may thruft a threaded
2 he Co pleat H reman. VART
Nicdlc into the Haw, without hurting the Eye: Then pull back the lower Lye-lid
with your Finger, and draw forth the Thread faftel' to the Haw, which willfollow
and draw after it a piece of gi,?laIdoiis Fiejl. Pull it forth fofhly, cutting by degrees
with a Launice that which holds it on e.ch fide, and as you draw out the Haw, the
piece ( f Flii tat ficks to it will follow. Proceed in this manner pulling and cutting,
but vcry gently, till you have taken out a piece of glacddIlos F/ejbo of the bignefs of
an Inch, and half a Finger in length ; and from time to time. during the Operation,
wafh awa-v the Blord with Water. that you may fee what you are doing. Having
cut the I:.;- cut of each Eye, take ip the Eye -Vei, and afterwards every Morning and
Evncing wcth the 1ye with Aqu ,-J'7it, or with the Solution of Lapis Midbiiis in
W after. In the mean time you muft not fuifer the Hoife to e,- Oats, but 'feed him
only with n:oiff n'd BV an, for fifteen or twenty days; after'which you may fafely
make him icturn to his Labcur, and give him O'-jts to eat.
This Operation is grounded c n a very natural way of Reafoning: For as several
parts of the Body are furnifh'd with Eniflmories or Receptacles of bad Humours, fo
there is a lump of glandulous or fponigy Flefh under the Eye, which is as'it were the
Sink of the Brain, and'receives the fharp, raw, and un:igefted Humours, 'which that
part throws off. Thefe Humours exhale and fend up hot and burning Vapours to the
Iye, which prick and initiate it, and afterwards draw thither all the Impurities of
tlhe'Neighb( uring arts. Thus we fee- that the ,Eye is always more fubjet to Heat
and Vapours below thall above, as you may particularly obferve in Moon-Eyes, which,
during the time of the Rheum, appl(vr of a Iaint yellow Colour below, and almost
never above. This being fuppcfcd, as 'ti certainly true, 'tis plain that by cutting out
this kernelly, Flefh, you take away the Receptacle of the Humours, which therefore
muft take another courfe, and fall upon the Neighbouring Parts, fuch as the mufcu-
lous Flefh, lcfs tender and delicate than the Eve, where Nature will be fuficiently
able to digeft and concoct them. And from what has been faid, you may reafonably
conclude, that this Operation can only preferve the Eye in its present Condition,
but not refiore it to its former Perfetion. Befides, when you take up the Eyc-Vein,
you may cut the Nerve that lies under it, for the Reafons alleged before.
S EC T. 6. How to cleanfr the Eye above.
To perform this Operation, you muft cut the Skin in the middle of the hollow
part above the Eye with a Launce, and with a Hook pull out the Fat which is con-
tained in that part, and may be easily separated from it: After you have taken out
the quantity of a Walnut, wafh the Wound with warm Wine, and fill the emptyi
face with fine Flax, fineared with A'gyptiacum, tying it on with two threads faftened
to the Lips of the Wound. Drefs the Sore every day with warm Wline and Egypti-
ac~vm, till it be healed and in the mean time great care muft be taken to preserve it
frcm the haft blaft of Wind, which might produce dangerous Confequences. But,
alter all, I never found this Operation beneficial to the Eyes and therefore I flight it
as much as I defeem the other.
Si'cZ- all Men are not fond of (Krives and Lauces, I hall proceed to defcribe other
Remedies for Moon-Eyes, among which Purgation is ufually reckoned, which muff not
be adminiftcr d till the Eye be wholly freed from the Rheum, for othcrwife it will do
ii-ore harm than good.
S E C T. 7. Pills for Lunatic or Moon-Ey'd Horfes.
Ti:..c of fine or bright Aloes two Ounces, Agaric half an Ounce, Troches Alhandal
(whITh is a Preparation of Coloqupntitla) three Drams: If the Horfe be of a middle
,:, this Dotie will be fuffcient to pui ge him, but if he be large, you muft add aio-
fthelr Diam of the Triocbes Albandal. Reduce all the Ingredients to a grofs Powder,
a:nd mix the m with a handful of ictor;y-Leavcs beaten, and a Pound of freji Butter.
Tike up the iMfs into 'Pills of the bignfs of a Tennis-Ball, which you mufl give
h e Hofe i~ e i inc, and walk him half an hour after.
CHAP. X VI. 7 he Compleat l1or,_em.;_,. 5_
Or without giving your felf the trouble to prepare a Medicine cxprcfl e for that
purpose, you may make ufe of Pilulg Aurea, or Lucis, of which y:o muft giveat
left two Ounces, having injected a Purg ig Clyer the day before: Aii lince Aloc. is
the true Purgative for Horfes, and enters into the Compofition of all t0hoe Pills it
will not be improper to fubjoin the following Preparation of it, which muft not be
eteem'd the worfe, bccaufe 'tis common.
SE C T. 8. The Preparation of Aloes.
'Tate' f thb hf t clear Afocr (which is finer than the Succt;r;n) reduc'd to Powder,
four-Otuines: Infufe pale Rofe-Leaves in Water, four and twenty Hours, then train
6uifthe Water, and add frefh Rofe-Leaves, and repeat the Infufion three federal times;
Sprinkle your Aloes with this Water, an.l dry it in the Shade, moi_;en and dry it a
second and third time, after which 'tis dtily Prepar'd. 't will b: better if you wahi.
it with Juice of Damask-Rofes' both which Preparations are known by the name of
The Aloes thus Prepar'd will produce the def-''d effe&, in a lefs quantity. It
purges and ftrengthens the Stomach and the Brain, and relifls the Corruption of- the
Humours, for which reason 'tis usually made the Bafe of Plubig P;ill.
Tho' Aloes is rendered more eficaual, and much improved by this Pre-paration, ne-
verthelefs I propofe it only for the fatisfation of the Curious: for if you can pro-
cure fine and clear Aloes, it will pi;ge your Horfe certainly and f(lt ly; and I
kncw no better Purgative than this, nor any fo agreeable to the Nature of a
Agaric, by being reduced to Troches, is freed from two defects; its too great
lightnefs which hinders it from falling to the bottom of the Stomach, and its
Ilownefs in Operation: Neverthelefs 'tis frequently given to Horfes without any
'Tis prepared with Malmefy and Ginger.
After PFugation you muft wait till the Tyci, ttlb day of the Moon, and then proceed
to the ufe of the Cairtery or Fire, if the Eyes be pretty clear.
SEC T. 9. How to Cauterize or burn the Parts above the Eyes.
On or about the Twentieth Day of the Moon, draw a LiCe with a Red-hot
Knife, from one Ear to the other, under the Head-ftall of the Bridle, to con-
ceal the Mark left by the burning, and draw the Knife backwards and forwards till
the Line it makes be of a Cherry-colour, then burn a Star over the Eye-Veins, with-
out piercing the Flefh, for the Scar would never wear out. Aftrr the Scab is fallen
offl bathe the Sore with Aqua-Vita, Morning and Evening, and tho' you neither apply
Pitch nor Butter, there will feldom remain any Scar: But if you pierce the Skin,
you muft bathe the part every Morning and Evening with 4Au-i,-7itse mixt with
I have feen Moon-Ey'd Horfes cur'd by this way of burning: And the w:oift that
can happen is that you may preferve ope Eye by putting out the other. For if both,
the Eyes be fubjea to this Infirmity, the vifual Spirits of that which is 1 ft, retire to
the other and strengthen it: And besides you may preserve the E res for Ibme times,
by taking up the two Veins in the Neck, called the Jugu'ars.
All Lnratic and Mcoon-Ey'd Horfes at laft grow Blind, unless the Dififter be pre-
vented by the Methods above prefcrib'd, or by putting out one Eve, which mnit be
thus performed. Thruft a threaded Needle into the worft Eve, making the Point
come out into the part opposite to that where it entered, and leave the Thread hanging
at it even or eight days, during which time the Eye will continually caft forth Wa-
ter till it grow dryr: Then take out the Thread, and by degrees the viifal Spirits
which pafs to the other Eye, will firengthen and preserve it from the like Infirmit ,
and the pierc'd Eve will be dry'd up. I have feen a Horfe who had an Eve of Ea-
mel cr Glafs put in the place of one of his Eyes which had been put out to prefcerve
the other. This is a hereditary Diflemper, and therefore great care muft be tIak:n to
chufC Stall mzs that have good E)es: It may be alio occalion'd by the F:oas eating
S4 The Compleat Horreman. PART II.
Oats with his Dam, when he is but one Year Old, or younger for by their ftrain-
ing and endeavouring to chew the Oats, the Veins above and about their Eyes are
ftretch'd and diftended, and consequently draw too much Blood to thofe Parts, which,
by the iod great quantity of Nourithment, are heated and renider'd obnoxiotis to De-
fluxions either to that kind which follows the courfe of the Moon, or to the other
which wafts and deftroys the Eye. I have borroW'd this Obfervation from A Treatifl
concerning Horfes, composed by one John Taquet, who exprefly affirms, that the lofs
of the Foals Eye is not occafion'd by the fubftance of the Oats, which may be fuppos'd
to heat them, but only by their training too hard in chewing that hard fort of Food:
And to prevent thofe fatal Confequences he advifes thofe who have Foals to caufe
their Oats to be ground or flamp'd;, by which means, he fays, they will grow strong
and lufty, without the leaft danger of Rheums, or any other Infirmity of the Eyes'
Since 1 never found this Remark in any other Author, I thought fit to infert it here
submitting it entirely to the Reader's Judgment.
Some Horfes become Moon-Ey'd at the Age of Eigbt or Ten Years, who were always
very found before, which is. an Infirmity entaiid on them by their Sire. And
besides, when young Horfes are overtaken by a great Storm in the Fields, they
are oftentimes either rendered Lunatic, or firuck Blind with the Thunder and Light-
Hard work haftens the total Blindnefs of a Moon-Ey'd Horfe; and besides, Heat and
extream Cold are equally prejudicial to him. To conclude, This Infirmity ufually
ends in the lofs of one or both Eyes ; for the beft Remedies are not always fuccefsful;
and we may juftly call that a good Medicine which is found to be effectual on several
Occafions, tho' it be not always Infallible.
Of Haemorrhagy, or Bleeding.'
s e: CT. T now1 bagy is a voiding of Blood by the Nofe or Mouth, occafion'd by a re-
.11 dundancy of the Blood mixt with a Liquor full of Spirits and Salt, which makes
the Blood boil and ferment, till the Veffels not being able to contain it, fome of the Veius
burfi, and difgorge the Blood thro' the Nofe; and the mixture of that Salt Juice with
the Blood, is caus'd by unusual Fatigues in hot Weather. The redundancy of the
Blood may alfo proceed from too much Feeding ; or it may be depraved and vitiated; or
its Boiling may be occafion'd by violent Exercife, which opens the Mouths of fome
Veins, from which it gufhes cut impetuoufly, either by the Nofe or Mouth. To con-
vince you that a Liquor full of Spirits and Salt is apt to make the Blood boil and
ferment, it will be sufficient to inform you, that if you mix either the Spirit of Wine,
Vitriol, Hartflorn, or Soot with the Blood that is taken out of the Vein, while'tis hot,
you will immediately perceive a violent Ebullition; whereas Salt of Tartar, and the
Solution of Allum trouble and precipitate the Blood; and none but fuch as are wholly
Ignorant of the Internal Motions and Methods of Nature, will deny that there are
fuch Liquors full of Salt and Spirits in the Bodies of Horfes.
If the Bleeding be not ftop'd, it may either kill the Horfe or extreamly weaken him;
because Nature is quite fpent and exhausted by fuch an exceffive Expence of Blood
and Spirits. When fuch Accidents happen, the Horfes remain unfit for Service a
great while after, but they feldom die unlefs they be alfo feiz'd with a Fever, which
does not ufually happen.
Since thefe Accidents feldom or never happen but in very hot Weather, every Ri-
der whofe Horfe is fat, or rather fiery and full of Mettle, tho' out of Wind, should
keep him in and refrain him at the flift, and endeavour by all prudent Methods to pre-
vent the Diforders that are occafion'd byBleeding, or perhaps fome other more dangerous
Diftemper. And 'tis certain that in fuch cafes the moft present Remedy is always the
Affoon as you perceive the Blood to iffue out of the Horfe's Nofe or Mouth, or
both, you muff immediately let him Blood in the Flanks, or the Plate-Veins of the
CHAP. X V 11. hbe Compleat H'iorJ 1; u.
Thighs, or rather in the Neck, if you cannot take Blood enough out of the other
Parts: then take a large quantity ot Kniot-grafi, calledd in Latin w;'ntin oia, bccaufe at
its perfed Growth it has a bmndred Knots on one Stalk) which is a Specifi: Remedy to
ftanch Blood ; beat it to a Mafh, and fill the Horfe's NoThi-ils with it., bindi,; al
Ibme of it to his Temples and Reins, where the Saddle ends, and even to his tones
if he be not gelt.
This is a very common Herb ; but if you cannot find it, take Tettles and apply them
after the fame manner.
You may alfo put the Horfe into Water up 'to his Flanks, and let him land in it
twq Hours, if it be Summer, which is the ufual time in which theie Accidents
If you are not in a convenient place to plunge him into Water, cover his Head
and Back with a Cloth fevcn or eight times doubled, and dipped in Oxycrate (or Vinegar
and lWater :) -keep him in the Stable with his Head upright, t, ot offering him to lie
down, and from time to time throw cold Water on his Cods or Sheath: the next Day
bleed him again, and give him cooling clyfjers. Some Horfes have been troubled with
voiding of Blood fix or even Days together, but it did not run to violently at laft, as
at the Beginning, and they were cured by the above-mentioned Remedies.
SECT. 2. C L ST E KS.
The following Clyfer will help to allay the boiling of the Blood, if the Horfe be
alfo let Blood.
Take Mallow and Marfj-Mallows, of each one handful, Piantane, two handfuls, Suc-
cory, Lettuce and Pu;jane, of each one handful; boilthem in five Pints of Water, with
an Ounce and a half of 'Sal PolychreJl in Powder and add to the firained Liquor a
quarter of a Pound of the Ointment Popzuleo, without Verdigreafe, which fame Cheats
mix with it to give it a fine green Colour; or if you miftruuft h:it, take a quarter of
a Pound of true Ungu6entum rojatum, not Greafe wafh'd with .R oe-water, and coloured
with Alkamet; ~Make a Clyfier, to be injeded after you have raked the Horfe.
If the Blood continue flill to flow, take PiJltane Leavss beaten and mix d :vith Mail
.Frankincenfe, Aloes or Myrrh, and put them into his Noft-ils, holding his :Noe up as if
you were going to give himi a Drench. Then cover his Head, Back, and Reins with a
Cloth five or fix times doubled and dipped in Oxycrate, as you were taught b-fore, and
throw cold Water frequently on his Sheath and Stones, if he has any.
Sometimes the Blood flows fo violently out of the Noftrils, that it cannot be fo foon
fopp'd ; in which Cafe you may ufe the following Powder, which is eafily prepared.
Take the Dung of a Stone-Afs, dry it in the Shade, till it may be reduced to Powder,
and blow it plentifully into the Horfe's Nofe thro' a Glafs-Pipe, Trunk, or Reed:
This will quickly tfanch the Blood.
The fame Powder is of admirable Ufe for Men that are apt to bleed at the N.fe,
who may carry fome of it in a Box, and fnuff it up at the Nofe. I have otten feen
the Effet of it, and it finells only of dry Herbs: but fome nice Sparks will cry out,
They had rather die than take fuch a nafty Powder. With all my Heart, Gentlemen,
you may follow your Humour; but d'ye think it impoilible you could be cheated,
and have this Powder impofed upon you instead of your dear Smf? And besides who
can affure fiich a dainty J3eau, that his Apothecary has not made him fwallow many
a naftier Medicire to cure him of the fafiionable Difeafc ? But out of pure Com-
plaifance. I hall fubjoin another Remedy for Hoyfcs, which their RUi!rs may alfo ufe.
Take a Hare that is killed in the Month of March, flay her, and without larding her,
prepare her for the Spit, but do not put her upon it; then dry her in an Oven, fo
that the whole Flefh may be reduc'd to Powder, which muft be blown plentifully into
.the Horfe's Noftrils : for 'tis very effedual to ftanch the Blood that flows either out of
the Nofe, orof a Wound. Thus I have given you a very good and eafie Remedy,
which does not finell of Afs-Turd.
That which follows is alfo very good, and may be prepared at any time of the
Year. Take Bark of Pomegranates dried, Roman Vitriol, and Allom, of each four Oun-
ces- reduce them to Powder, and referve them for Ufe. This Powder flanches the
Blood in any part of the Body, and is excellent for all forts of Wounds. It may be kept
v ery long without losing its Virtue. CH
r C A P.
56 The Com pleat Horfeman. PART 1I
C H A P. XVIII.
Of the Stag's Evil, or Paljfe in the Jaw.
Know not whether Stags are alfo troubled with this Difeafe, as the Name fiems t6
import, but it proves oftentimes fatal to Horfes. 'Tis a kind of Rhenmatifm, which
keeps their Neck and Jaws fo flift that they cannot move therii, not fo much as to eat
and besides they turn up the Whites of their Eyes from time to time, as if they were
juft ready to expire. They are alfo feized at uncertain Intervals of time, with fuch
a violent Palpitation of the Heart, and Heaving or Beating in the Flanks, that you would
certainly conclude they could not live two Hours; and thefe Fits return fooner or later
without any fix'd Order. If you feel their Neck, you will perceive it to be fliff and
ftretch'd out, the Skin is dry, and sometimes the whole Body is fliff, and the hinder
Parts as much affeaed by the Diftemper as the fore Parts; in which Cafe few or none
efcape, especially if the Fever be continual, as almost always it is.
This Difeafe is not absolutely Mortal when 'tis not an universal Rheumatifm, fpread
over all the Body, or when the Horfes have brought it upon themselves by violent
firiving and drawing against the Halter, by which unruly Motions they train and
firetch the Mufcles of the Neck, fo as to draw the Humours to them. But that is not
the ufual Caufe of this Diftemper; for 'tis almost always occasioned by the Horfe's
being unfeafonably expofed to Heat or Cold, or by his being cooled immediately after
he has been over-heated, which fidden Change ftirs the redundant Humours, and
breeds many Obftrucions, that hinder the Motion of the affeaed Parts, and caufe a
Pain not only in thefe, but alfo in the neighboring Parts, or fuch as have a Commu-
nication with them.
Tho' the Beating of the Flank and Heart be very violent, yet when it intermits for a
considerable face of time, the Horfe recovers a sufficient measure of Strength to re-
J fifth the Diftemper but (which is very dangerous) the Defluxion on the Jaws is forne-
times fo firong, that the poor ftarved Creature dies merely for Want of neceffary Suffe-
nance ; and the natural Heat not finding any Aliments to employ its Force in their
Digeftion, grows sometimes fo violent, that it inflames the Blood, augments the Fe-
ver; and at laft kills the Horfe: to prevent which, you muft give him foftening Clyflers,
Morning and Evening, let him Blood frequently, and even once in two Days, till
you fee fome Signs of Amendment; for upon this the Cure principally depends, thoW
fince it muff be fo often repeated, it will be sufficient t6 take every time only half the
Quantity of Blood that is ufually taken from Horfes.
For his Food mix a little Bran with a great quantity of Water, that it may be as
thin as Broth, and leave it before him the whole Day: for he will ftir it with his Lips,
and in his befl Intervals endeavour to fwallow a little of it but he can very hardly,
or not at all eat any Hay or Straw, being unable to open his Jaws, and you may give
him luke-warm Water to drink. After the Ufe of Clyfers and Bleedbig, take equal
parts of Spirit of Turpentine and Aqua-Vita, mix them in a glafs Viol, and take them to-
gether, till they be perfecly united : With this Liquor anoint his whole Neck, upon
the Mufcles, and all about the Jaws, chafing the Parts very hard with your Hand, to
make the Liquor penetrate, which will heat the Mufcles that are cool'd and ftiffen'd by
the Defluxion; and two hours after rub the fame Parts with the Ointment of Mar#-
afallows, chafing them hard as before, which will not only heat the Parts, but help to
loofen the Jaws, and fipple the Neck. Afterwards rub the Parts affected every Morn-
ing with the Ointment of Mar;Jf-Mallows, and every Evening with Aqua-Vita. And
IF the Difeafe affect the whole Body, rub the Horfe's Reins with Ointment of MIrfJ-
M4l lows and Spirit of Wine, and cover them with a Cloth dipp'd in Leesof Wine heat-
ed, and put his ufual Cloaths above all. Repeat the Anointing and Fomentation every
day, and let him be put into a hot Stable ; for being thus carefully tended, he may
perhaps recover, if his Fever intermit.
You muft alfo give him three or four good softening Clyfters every day; and if the dif-
eafe be very violent, you may injet one in the Morning, confiting of two Quarts of
Milk, eight Tolks of Eggs, and two Ounces of Sugar, to fliftain, and in fome meafure fa-
tiate the Animal HngFer of the Parts that have a Communication with the great Gats.
The reft of the Clyflers muft be compofed of foftmning and cooling Ingredients.
C HA. XIX. The Compleat Horfeman. 57
Some thruft a red-hot Iron thro' the Neck near the Main, in three or four several
places, and others cut the Nerves: I look upon thefe Methods not only as unworthy to
be recommended, but I think my felf obliged to difiuade you from the Ufe of them
for the Horfe endures fo much mifery already, that we ought by no means to encreafe
his Torments, without the leaft Profpect of future Relief.
If they cou'd be made to swallow any thing, it would be convenient to give them
fome Dotes of the Cordial-Powder orfliini!g Pills, or fome other proper Medicine ; but
that is impoffible, and you can only administer external Remedies, which are feldom
able to fave the Horfe's Life.
If you perceive fome encouraging Signs, or if the Horfe be in greater danger of
dying of Hunger than of his Diftemper, becanfe he is unable to take any No.rrifh-
ment, and if there be long and frequent Intermiffions of his Fever, you may take the
Advantage of one of thofe Intervals, to prepare and exhibit the following Liquor.
Mix a Pound of fine Barley-Flower with a sufficient quantity of Water, as if you de-
figned to make Gruel, boil it till it begin to thicken, then add the quantity of an Egg of
Sugar, and while 'tis moderately warm, injct it into the Horfe's Nofe, one half into
Since the Paffages of the Nofe end in the Mouth, you will perhaps be furpriz'd that
I do not prefcribe this Nourifhment to be given to the Horfe in the Beginning of the
Difeafe, when he ftands fo much in need of it, as not being able to take any Food
at the Mouth : but I consider that every thing that a Horfe takes by the Nofe does ex-
tremely fatigue and torment him, and therefore even the moft cooling forts of Nourifh-
ment, fuch as Barley, given after that manner, might increase his Fever, if he has any,
or throw him into a Fever tho" he were free of it before. For tho' this Fever be only
accidental, and not much to be dreaded, 'tis neverthelefs impoffble to give any Nourifh-
ment by the Nofe without manifeft hazard; and therefore I think we ought not to
have recourse to that Method, till the Horfe be in danger of flarving; in which cafe
'tis better to make an Attempt to fave his his Life tho' with fome hazard, than to fuffer
him to die of Hunger.
Of the Vives.
'tI S certainly a manifeft Impropriety of Speech to fay, that the Horfe has always SECT. i
1 the lives, because he always has thofe Parts where that Diftemper is feated, and
fhews it felf when he is actually troubled with it. Thefe are certain Glands or Kernels
near the Neck, which being of a foft and fpongy Subffance, and held to be the Drain-
ers or Emunnlories of the neighboring Parts, are fubjea to Inflammation, which caufes
a Swelling that obftruas the Throat, and ftops the Wind, fo that if the Horfe be not
fpeedily afifted, he is in danger of being choak'd. The Pain and Uneafinefs occafi-
on'd by the ftoppage of his Wind, makes him lie down frequently, and immediately
ftart up again, tumble, firuggle, and tofs his Body after a ftrange manner; thinking
by thefe various Motions, to get rid'of the Pain that torments and rifles him.
This Diftemper may be very fitly compared to that which is called the wuinzie in
'Tis thought that the Vives are always accompany'd with the Co!lic, because the fame
Symptoms appear in both.
SThe moft ufial Caufe of this Difeafe is a fudden Change from one Extremity to ano-
ther, especially from a violent Heat to a fharp Cold, as when a Horfe is fuffer'd to
drink immediately after hard Riding, or any vehement Exercife: for by this means
the Humours are melted, and falling too plentifully on the Kernels, well them, and
occasion all the above-mention'd Diforders.
The Vives are alfo caus'd by over-working or riding a Horfe beyond his Strength,
and out of Wind, or by negleaing to cover and walk him after violent Exercife ; and
a Horfe may bring them upon himself by eating too large a Quantity of Oats, Barley,
lWbeat, or Rye; besides which they may proceed from federal other Caufes, which are
slmoft always owing to the Indifcretion either of the Rider or Groom.
I8 he Compleat liHrfewen. VART 11f
SECC T. Of Remedier for the Vives.
Bend the Horfe's Ear downward' towai'ds his Thrcat near the Cheek-bone, and
mark the place where it touches the Skin, for that is the Parr where the Inflam-
mation is heated that causes the Swelling; and if the Hair can be cafily separated from
the Skin, by plucking it off with your hand, 'tis a Sign of Ripenefs, and that 'tis time
to rcfolve, or at leaft to give vent to the Matter contained in the Swelling. Then take
hold of the Kernel which you will find in that Part, with a Pair of Pince; s or Plyers, and
beat the Swelling gently with the Handle of a Shoong-Hammer, till you judge it to be
futiciently rotten, or bruife the Ker;wis or Tumours with your Hand till the Vives be
rotted aud foften'd, making the flatuous or windy Spirits, break thro' the Skin by way
of infenfible Tranfpiration; alter which the Swelling will certainly be refolved and
difappear. This is the eafieft and fureft Method.
"Tis the general Cuftom of Farriers to open the Vives with a Lance, making an In-
cifion upon the Kernel or Swelling, out of which they take a certain Subflannce like the
Fat of Beef, but harder, and afterwards flop the Hole with Salt. Others pinch forth
the Vives out of the Infide of the Ear, pretending that the fame Matter that is inclu-
ded in the Kernels, which are the Seat of the Vives, is alfo contained in that part of the
Ear: but this is a ridiculous Fancy.
'Tis better, in my Opinion, to rot. the Vives than to cpcn them, because the laft of
thefe Methods renders the Horfes more obnoxious to this Diftemper. Farriers think
'tis the fafft way to open them, but I chufe rather to corrupt them, unlefs the Swelling
be fo great that the Horfe is in danger of being ftifled 5 in which cafe you muft open
them without delay to give Eafe to the Horfe.
After you have rotted, or in Cafes of Neceffity, opened the Vivei, bleed the Horfe
under the Tongue, wafh his Mouth with Salt and Vinegar, blow fome of the Vinegar
into his Ears, rubbing and fqueezing them hard to make it penetrate, for it powerfully
afiwages the Pain that is communicated to the Jaws, by reafon of their Nearnefs to
the Seat of the Vives.
Then take Hemp-feed beaten, two handfuls, two ANutmegs grated, and fix TolksofEggs;
mix thcm with a Quart of Wine, and make the Horfe drink it, walking him gently half
an hour after. Sometimes the Iiftemper will not yield to this Remedy, in which Cafe,
you muff give the Horfe a good Clyjier with Sal Polychrefl, and repeat the Remedy of
Hemp-feed, &c. Befides you muft not grow weary of walking him abroad: for Exer-
cife rouzes the Natural Heat, and puts it in a Condition to rift its Enemy. This
I recommend as a very good and fure Remedy ; and besides 'tis cheap, and eafily
I can affure you from my own Obfervation, that 'tis a moft present Remedy, to
thruft a Bodkin or Shoe-Maker's Awl, quite thro' the Horfe's Noftrils, two or three
fingers breadth above their Opening. There will run out as much Blood on each fide
as would fill the Shell of an Egg, and then it will flop of it felt.
At the fame time that you bleed him under the Tongue, you muff alfo let him blood
very plentifully in the Flanks, then caufe him to be raked thus': Chufe a.Boy, or any Ser-
vant that lhas a little Hand, which you muft make him befiiear with Oil or Butter, and
stretching it out at full length, with the Fingers joined clofe together, thruft his Arm
up to the Elbow into theHorfe's Fundament, and draw out his handful of Dung. But
fince a heedlefs and unskilful Fellow may hurt the great Gut with his Nails, the fafeft
way is to thruft a large Tallow Candle, or rather a Piece of Soap, into his Fundament,
which will be quickly diffolv'd, and bring out with it the Excrements contained in the
When you have either taken out or rotted the Vives, an hour after you have given
the above-mentioned Draught, it will be convenient to adminificr the following Clyfter,
to divert the Dcfluxion, and make an entire Revulfion.
C H A P. XX _hZ Co, t jore 59
S E C T. 3. A Clyiter for the Vives.
Boil five Pints of Beer, with an Ounce and a half of Sal Polychrb:e in fine Powa~t- --
remove it from the fire, add two Ounces of Oil of Bay, and injct it blood-warn, it
Beer cannot be had, take equal Quantities of Wln:s and WFater.
SEC T. 4. Another.
Take the five openig Roots, of each one handful; eat them grofly, and boil them
in three Quarts of Water for a quarter of an hour; add thejbotening Herbs, MaIlows, Vio-
lets, HIerb-Merczury, and Pellitory of the' Wal, of each one handful; boil them again as
before, then train out the Liqu',r, and add a Pint ot Emetic Ifine, or the iame quantity
cf the TInji fon o Crocus Metallo' un, Honey of the hr'b-Mercury half a Pcund, frejb Butter
four Ounces, Oil of Rue, defcrib'd in the LXXI. Chapter, Seal. two Ounces. Make
a Clyficr, to be injected after you have raked your Horfe. Or you may make a very
good Cdi/er, by boiling two Ounces of Liver of Antimony in fine Powder, over a firong
fire for half a quarter of an hour in a common Decotion; then firain out the Liquor,
and add half a Pound of Honey; and a quarter ot a Pound of Oil.
S E C T. Another Remedy for the Vivcs.
Give your Horfe an Ounce of GO'i-'etan, or rather of T cacic, in a Quart of Red-
Kif e, or in a Pint of Aqua-Vit&, if the Difeaie be violent; and at the fare time pre-
pare a Ciyflcr of thefoftening Herbs, with an Ounce and a half of Liver of Antimo(ny in
Powder, adding to the firain d Liquor two Ounces of Orviet an, or the fame quantity
of Treacle, with a quarter of a Pound offrej/f Butter. Thus you muff give Treacle both
above and below, and you will rarely meet with any Inftance of this Diftemper that
will not yield to this Remedy.
You will find, in the XXIVth Chapter, SeS. 5. the Defcripticn of a Remedy com-
pofed of the Spirits of Nitre and Wiic diftill'd together till they be thorowly united,
which is very iujffi in this Cafe, if it be adminifter'd according to the Directions pre-
fcribed in that Chapter.
All Horfes have a fort of Knob like a Chef'nut, hard as Horn, above the Knees, andl
under the Hams cut off a little of this, and cafting it into a Chafing-Dilh, make a
Horfe receive the Fume of it at his Nofe, covering his Head with a Bag.
CHA P. XX.
Of the Colic, Fret, or Gripes.
T His Difeafe is occafion'd by the Sbarpefs of the Humours, which boil and ferment
in the Entrails, by reason of fome Salt and Spirituous Liquor that falls into thofe
Parts: and sometimes it proceeds from Wind, or CrOdities, which Nature is not able to
You may conclude that a Horfe is troubled with this Diftemper, when he tumbles,
toffes, lies down and starts up again suddenly : for tho' it may attack a Horfe that is
not troubled with the Vives, yet the Fives never appear without the Colic.
It will not be improper to give a large Account of this Diftemper, fince 'tis not
.only dangerous, but sometimes fatal to Horfes: Clyfiers are very eflc&tual in this Cafe,
especially one fort of them, which hall be particularly described.
STo accommodate my Difcourfe to the Capacity of the Reader, I hall divide the Co-
lic into federal Kinds, according to the various Caufes, from which it may proceed, and
after the Defcription of every kind, fubjoin its proper Remedies. Zd9i bene dijfiingit,
C HA P.
6obe Co/ he tompc1et Jhwcmati. PA RT 'j
C H A P.
7 N7' I
SECT. i. i S:;l1 fi~ cofiorider that fort of Colic which is occafion'd by eating too much Pro-
c, ,sd';r; trthe Stomach, being unable to digcft fo large a quantity of Food, is
fIrd with Crudities, which in a manner ftifie the natural Heat, tho' not without
a considerable Struggle, which raics windyr Vapours, that either fall upon the Guts
or remain in the Stomach, causing violent Fains in whatever part they attack. This
dfclcd c; Digefticn rarely proves Mortal, unlefs (as it has been fometimesobferv',) the
Horfiw be fo gluttonous as to eat till he burft, when he meets with a convenient Op-
A gecat quantity of Ryc caten unboiled, is apt to occasion thefe Pains, by reason of
its W dindiclfs: ;heat is not fo dangerous, because more cafily digefted: Beans that are
usually given to Horfcs to fatten them, breed this Lifiempcr it they be eaten in too
great abundance; and the fame cffe. is produced by too large a quantity of Cats
eaten at one time.
The Cure of this fort of Cblic is performed by affifHng Nature to cdig.-f the Ali-
ments. after you have empty d the Guts with a convenient Clfer : for you mift ne-
ver give Vomzit to Horfes, because, instead of eating them they overturn the whcle
Economy of Nature, and ncver procure Vomiting. The Clyfler muft be comp ofed
of a Decodion that is endued with a vertue to difcufs Wind, to which you muff
add a Quart of Emetic Wine, or a convenient quantity of the Infiifon of ocs Me-
Afrbon as the clyfet- *is rejected, make the Horfe drink a Pint of Aqpa-Vit, with
n.n Ounce of Treacle, and as much Saffron as you can lift with the ends of your
If the Diftrn-per continue after the ufe of thefe Remedies, walk him abroad in his
Cloaths, without fufiering him to lie down; and after you have put him up in the
Stable, hold a Waiming-Pan full of live Coals under his Belly for a quarter or an
hour, or half an hour, keeping him well covered.
Since Orvietan is not always to be had, it will not be improper to give a faithful
description of it for it may be profitably given to Men, to Horn'd Cattle, and efpe-
cially to Horfes. It muft be prepared by a skilful Apothecary.
Take of Sage, Rie, Rofrmajy, and Goat's-Rue, of each one handful, Cardirs Bene-
dihs, Dittany of Crete, Roots of Majhil'rort, Bobchmian An.4,cl/ a, B;Jo;rt, Bi, thwort
around and ong, rhite or bafJard Dittany, Galingal, G:entian, (Cotmary, Aromatic-reed, and
Parfley-feed, of each one Ounce ; Bay-lbrries and Juniper-bcI i s, of each half an Ounce;
Cinnamon, Cloves, and Nutmteg, of each three Drams, Scald Earth, prepared with Vine-
gar, and old Treacle, of each one Ounce ; Fowddc of Vipers, four Ounces; 11alints
cleans'd and dry'd, Crum of "Wheat-Bread dry'd, of each eight Ounces; clarified Honey
even Pounds: Make an EllIeuia;y according to Art.
Chop the WIatdmts, and beat them with the ,Bread, then train them thro' a Searce
turned upside down, adding the Powders and other Ingredients, and at laft the Treacle
and Honey, which ferve inflead of Levcn to ferment the reft.
This is the exact description of Ov7ietan, which I dare warrant to be true, fince
that which I have feen thus prepared has the Tafte, Smell, Colour, Coniiftency, and
VcrtulK ,f the beft Oivietan ; fo that you may confidently depend upon it, and make
ufe of it, not only for Horfes but Men: 'Tis well known at Paris, where you may
find it ready Prepar'd.
Fir ft Kid of Colih.
CH APJ.XX I. CThe Cbplcat eEb e 7 6
If Goat's-Rue cannot be had, you may fubftitute Cinqit-jfoi in its iii!_;1 but the
firft is the beft.
Thofe who are willing, at any rate, to make the utmoft In',- *.-i;::ent of this Me-
dicine, may add iour Ounces of the H-'arts and Livers of Vipers to the like quantity of
the Powder of thofe Animals, prefcrib'd in the Compcfition; but io conlfderablc an
Addition raises the Price of the Reimedy to high, that 'tis only fit for Men, or H ries
Orvietan is a durable Medicine, and of excellent ufe in all cafes that require Heat,
or at leaft where Heat is not to be avoided: 'Tis very ufeful for 1-oi es who have i
weak Stomach, and little Appetite, or totally forfake their Meat ; and for thofe who
have eaten a Venomous P"lant or Animal, or are !irtieded to be Poifbn'd. It raifes
lean and wafted Hiorfes, and defiroys the W1orms that breed in their Bodies, and make
them pine away : But it muft not be ufed till three Months after 'tis prepared, for fo
long it muft ferment before it come to Perfc&ion.
You may give it, by way of Prevention, to Horfes that have kept Company with
others that were Eick of Contagious Difeafes.
It may be alfo given with good Succefs to Oxen that are troubled with the Colic it
makes; them Dung very plentifully, gives them prfe4nt eaic, and quickly Cures them:
And lofides, it helps thofe who have fwallow'd a Spider, or any other V trloious Crea-
You muft give the Orvietan in Jivce, and afterwards walk the Horfe, well covered,
who vill, perhaps, Sweat and recover. 'Tis generally good in all ibrtsof Colics, and
very rarely fails of Succefs
The Pcwder of Vipers alone is more effetual than Orvietan ; but 'tis dear, ard to be
had only at certain Times, when 'tis brought from Italy, and thofe Paits where
Vipers abound ; and besides, a iHorfe would require half an Ounce of it for a
They who are not willing or able to below the neceffary Charge cn the Prepal
ration of this Medicine, may ufe the Treacle, called Diateferon, which I ufe frequent-
ly, and find to be very effedual. See the Defcription of it in the 26th Chapter,
They who know hew to prepare Efence of Vipers, need not trouble then-:felvs with
Orvi-tan ; for the former has all the Virtues of the latter, without leaving the leaft Im-
preffiin of HLat: It purifies the Blood, refifts Corruption, and confiumes all Impu-
rities in the Stomach, and fo undermines and deftrcys the x eiy Rect cf Difeaies
Besides, it cures the Falin ~ but for all its excellent irtues, few ae acquainted with
the true manner of preparing it, or at leaft, few are willing to n-.dcrgo the trouble,
(for :tis not fo great a Secret, as fome who make a Myfitiy of eCvery thing, wVuld
perfwade the World) and therefore I thought fit to filijoin the Defcrip.tion
S E C T. Of Effence of Vipers.
Take of purify'd Nitre, pure Salt of Earth, fi(ch as you may have from thofe who
make Salt-Peter, of each one Pound, dry them, and reduce them to fine Powder,
which miuft be mixt with four times as much Pitter's Eartbh lai d: IThen put the
whole Powder in an Earthen Pan, and leave it three or four days in a Cellar, till the
Salts be cil'olv'd after which beat the whole Mafs of Salts and Earth, till it be re-
duc'd to a fort' f Pafte, out of which frame hard little Balls, of the bigne's ot Small-
INuts adding omen drops of Water if the Mafs be too dry. After the Barls are dry,
put then into an Earthen Retort, diftilling them as Aqua-fa tis is utally d iftil'd, and
cyu will find in the Recipient a Mcrflrum fit to diffolve Vi~ in order to which, put
the Liquorrinto a Matrajs with a moderate Heat, and throw a live VIiper into it, where
fhe will quickly expire, and afterwardsmelt away like Ancwbovy s in Frtter. Or you may
proceed thus: Fix Nitre with Charcoal-Dif, as le Fe ; e teaches out of Gla"!ber, who calls
this Liquor Alkacyft diffolve the Fixt Nitre about the V~c, !al LEq'iox, that it may attract
the ULiverfal Spirit contained in the Air ; then put a live Vipr in this Solution of
Fixt Nitre, where, by the help of a moderate Heat the whole Animal will be difiilv'd,
excepting only the Fat. After the Solution of the Vipcr (which muft alfo be obfLrvcd
in the firil Method) fuffer the Liquor to fettle, then pour ott the clear, aud throw a-
way the thick Subftance that remains at the bottom a; uiPfeis. You [may alfo dilIolve
hbe / oju it/IiL.
in the ii.me Liquor, Corals, Pearl, Roots of Mflot-wot, "., n/lica, Contrayerva, and o-
thlcr pvper Ingredients, till the 1Menjiizr m be lully fatiated, and incapable of diilbl-
lA 1 in ix one part of this Solution of ipercs with three parts of diftilld Cordial-
l0i' n, ih 1. as Sw.ooe'Zea, or jcump. -'Watcr, and give it a fine yellow Colour with
Ivwo or t:hi'c< (.iives o Soi-frn;. This is that IJe'ece of Vipters which is fo much cxtoll'd,
andc' i *e' 0 y
L '!e : i:, I7afrJim makes it more pleasant than the other, which has a Lixivial
and i:cv.lt uck? Srfous Tafte, whereas the former has a pleafant fharpnefs.
]L i.u i c.r oe (f thefe Solutions, as that made by the firft or diitill'd MenIjaumn,
u:rI-:: the: othe: or that iade by the Liquor of Fixt A itre, there will arife a violent
ilui itin, aiter which the dillclv'd Vipe will be precipitated, or fall to the bottom of
the -'(l.', in iorm of an impalpable Powder, which is the true incorruptible Powder
f I:-';, and better than all thofe that are brought from Italy, or any other
,::mic PIrf>ns will be npt to flight all that has been aid on this Subjed, as a long
and lefs Pigrd(clon; but I hope it will be favourably received by the Curious, antd
all that are of M.at!iolvs~'; (Opn'ho, wh in a Letter to And; ew Elau, exprefly affirms,
That No Mian7 (ca attain to an inmji et deg: ee cj Kr d de in Medicine, mntcb lefs can be
bcO n: a 1p)',0i t I'byJczan, ai.i'or;t a comj'at Skill i CU nifry. mnem Medicum abfolz-
i rile pro.jt, i'o reI m2Cdioew, i L0 y:7': 7k rj'it excrcitatuzs. 'Twou'd be needles to
tranlcribe the Teftimonies of other Lea,-n:cd "icn, to prove the neceflity of that Art,
fince A'a: crj I'.' f 1i an evident t DeOnfo7 at'zion o' it, A bo cannot produce one Gramn of Seed
:'itboit th a'rance of C'k.:.:jlry. Ipja natui aO ea p ugat, qui ne (iiden;z, fine he aite,
.. .?;: G ..r:. prod'cere pot !'.
T i I I 1 i 1 i 1 1 i r ii'1 1 I i I I I I I I
Of the Second Kind of Colic.
T'H E imoll ufual fort of Colic is that which proceeds from lind, to which Horfes
who are given to licking are very fiubje6 ifor the exercise of that ill Habit fills
their Body with Wind, which afterwards produces Gripings. If the Horfe be not
fwoln, one simple 4 Car inative Cflier will, for the ncft part, be sufficient to periet
Ga!le, v ne of the great Luminaries of Phyfic, afcribes the Original of the Flatu-
lency or V ird, which is generated in the Erdy to a middle degree of Heat, firong
enough to r;if l Vapours from a cold and vifcous Humour, but not fiicicntly vigorous
to cdifcrfc them after they are raised. For meer Cold is wholly deftitute of a Power to
attenuate, digift, or diifolve, and therefore can never produce Wind ; and on the
other aidc, a Heat that a8s upon the Humours with a force considerably Superior to
their Rdciftace, makes them too thin to generate Wind, which probably proceeds from
a weaker degree of Heat, according to the Doltine of Galen.
When thefe Windy Vapours abound in the Body, they firetch and diftend the Guts
beyond their due mcafure, and cafafion violent Pains. Besides, they blow up the
Horfe's Body as if it were ready to burft, which Swelling is the moft peculiar fign of
t11e J7ind Lolick, in which, as in all the other Kinds of that Diftemper, the Horfe tum-
bks and toCles with extraordinary violence.
t i7 71 mnay alfo occasion that painful and dangerous kind of Colic, called, Convolvu-
hls, which is a Motion of the Inteflines againif Nature, tending from below upwards,
anld m1:. proceed either from the Irritation of the Spirits, or the malignant Fermentation
of the Ecrnements retained in the Guts. The violence of this Diftemper will be mi-
tigated by tlie ufe of the following ?.cmr.dies, but almost always it proves Mortal at
IstL, and vwhn a Horfe dies of it, Farricrs ufnally fay that he had the Red-Colic. The
fnmi Remedies that are good for the Wrind-Colic, aue alfo ufed in this cafe, but with
ZY'LI-PL~UII;Yb---I-al~-~~Y~-XY. ~I~-~-I r__LI-WLILU~~WS -~LIL~-~D- -ULII-L---~ ~---IIUIQ_1(~~ILill~~
--~-~-aru? --------- I~nailarur-u -u--~-o~rulrn~-a~o^srrmr~t~rrCI--
CH AP. X X1 ,L oihe Comjpleat h ,. 6
The cure of the Wind-Colic is performed by Bleeding the Hiorl in the F lanks, and
under the Tongue, and by walking him frequently for Exercie ronzes and envi-
gorates the natural Heat, and enables it to difpel the Wind that causes the 1)i-
Cover him well, and walk him at a Trot, and sometimes at a Foot-pace -, ani -:r
the Violence of the Pain be not abated, give him the following Clyfter, which I pre-
fer before many other Remedies.
S E C T. 2. A Clyfter to expel Wind.
I have often had experience of the admirable Efficacy of this Clyfter, and there-
fore I may boldly recommend it to all thofe who hall have occafion to ufe it. Take a
Pound of large fat Figs, chop'd, boil them in three Quarts ot Water for a fll half
Hour; then add two handfuls of Rue cut fall, and boil them again pretty briskly
for a quarter of an hour; After the Liquor is half cooled, ftrain it out, and
pour oft two Quarts of the cleareft, throwing away the reft. In this Decodion
diffolve half a Pound of Oil-Olive, and inject the whole luke-warm; after which,
walk the Horfe before you put him up in the Stable. This Clyfler will draw all the
WinYd into the firaight Gut, and afterwards expel it: It usually riinains a great while
in the Body, and for that reason works more effetdually.
SE C T. A Clyfter for the Wind-Colic.
The following Clyfter is alfo very ufeful in this cafe. Take an Ounce of Sal Poly-
cbrefl, and fix or eight Handfuls of Sage: Boil them in three Quarts of Claret, to the
consumption of a the, c Part: Strain, and adding two Ounces of Oil of Bay, inject
the whole by way of Clyfelr.
If the Horfe be not cured by this Clyfler, an hour after he has rejeded it, give him
a Pound of Oil-Olive, mixt with a Quart of Aqua-Vita, pouring it in with a Horn;
then walk him abroad well covered, making him Trot one quarter of an hour, and go
a Foot-pace another.
S E C T. 4. An excellent Clyfter to break and difpel Wind.
Take two Ounces of the Scoria of Liver of Antimony in fine Powder boil them a little
(but very briskly) in five Pints of Beerj then adding three or four Ounces of good
Oil of Bay, make a Clyfter to be injected luke-warm, and repeated every two hours till
the Cure be perfected. This is the betl Remedy that can be Invented.
In the next place I hall fubjoin the description ot an Oil, which is a specific Me-
dicine for the iTind-Colic, and alfo good against several other Diftempers: For it ex-
pels the Impulities of the lower Belly, and makes room for the reft to defcend. This
is a cheap and durable Medicine, and therefore 'twill be convenient for thofe
who have a great number of Horfes to keep fome of it by them, especially in an
S E C T. 5 A Carminative and Purging Oil for Clyfters.
Take Rue, Calamint, Origanum ot Wild-Marjoram, and Penniroyal, all dry'd in the
fhade, of each one handful, Seeds of Cummin, Carrots, and Fennel, Bay-teies, of
each one Ounce ; Oil-Olive two Pounds, l.hbite-ffine a Pint. Reduce the Herbs to
Powder, beat the Seeds, and put them all together in an Earthen glaz'd Pot, covering.
it with another Pot fomewhat lefs, and luted with Clay or Pafte. Boil them over a
flow Fire till half the Wine be confused, that is, about fix hours. Strain out the Oil
after 'tis half cool'd, and adding four Ounces of the Pilp of Colouintida, put it gItili
The Comnpleat Hoirfeman.
j ---LIF -L I~--- --- ~
into the fame Pot, covering and lutirg it as bcfre : then boil it with a gentle Heat fix
or eight hours, after which let it boil briskly half an hour, and after 'tis halfcoold un-
cover the Pot, and prefs out the Oil, which muft be kept in a convenient Vefel for
Three or four Ounces of this Oil in an ordinary Clyfler, will expel the Wind effecu-
ally, and bring fbrth the tough and vifcous Humours, which for the moft part occasion
this Diftemper. 'Tis better, tho' much cheaper than the ubfal Eleduaries 'and Expe-
rience will convince you of its Virtues.
I have feen Horfes die of the Wind-Colic after a diligent, but unfuccefsfulApplication
of all the above-mentioned Remedies; and when they were opened after their Death
their Guts were found extremely diftended, as if they had been purpofely blown up.
I know no other way to prevent fich Accidents, than by injeding good Clyflers, walk-
ing the Horfe perpetually, and letting him reft as little as you can. You muff alfogive
him twoflinking Pills, and repeat the fame Dofe an hour after, and a third time if the
Difeafe continue; in the mean time you muft inject a Clyjfer between the Dofes, for
by a careful Obfervance of this Method the Wind may be difpell'd. You muff not be
afraid of giving three Dofes of Pills in the face of three hours for they will not over-
heat the Horfe's Body, and perhaps may cure the Diflemper.
T 4His Kind is not fo eafily known as the two former, and often puts an end to the
SEC T.. i Horfe's Life, which the other Kinds rarely do. 'Tis caused by a fort of Glafy
Phlegm, that owes its Sharpnefs either to its Rottennefs and Corruption, or to its Salt-
nefs and biting Quality, and forces Nature to violent Strugglings, which produce thof
cruel and intolerable Pains that accompany this Difeafe. The Horfe endeavours in
vain to dung ; he fweats in the Flank and Ears, and when he voids any Excrements
they are in little quantity, and for the moft part-only Phlegm, that cannot be fepara-
ted from the Guts without Pain; after which he has a moment of Eafe, and fees to
be perfedly cured but his Torments return in an infant.
During the raging Violence of the Pain the Horfe frequently lies down, and fudden-
ly flartsup again, he looks upon his Flanks, and refuses to eat. If he be alfo affaulted
by a Fever, he isin great danger of being over-power'd by fo unequal a Force, unlefs
by the Application of timely Remedies the Beating or Heaving of his Flank be
This Diftemper is often preceded by a Loofenefs, which lafts a whole day, and car-
ries off all the grofs Excrements in the Horfe's Body; but the tough and gkwy Hu-
mours flick to the Guts, and do not quit their hold fo foon, nor at laft without a great
deal of Pain.
SECT. 2. REME) DIES.
Take two Quarts of Milk, or of Tripe-Broth; Ol-O!ive, and fre Butter, ofeach four
or five Ounces the Tolks of fix Eggs, and two or three Ounces of Sugar: Mix them for
a Clyfler, which allays the Sharpnefs of the Humours, but removes not the Caufe, and
therefore muff be repeated every three hours, adding two Ounces of good Diapboretic
Antimony, to diffolve the rebellious and ftubborn Humours. All Purgatives given at the
Mouth are hurtful, for they encreafe the Agitation of the Humours, redouble the
Pain, by violently plucking away the tough Slime, flay the Guts, add new Torments
toa Part that was hardly able to support thofe it suffered before, and cannot beadmi-
niiftered withoutt endangering the Horfe's Life: and besides they do not begin to operate
till four and twenty hours after they are taken ; during which time the Horfe either
dies or recovers. And therefore inifead of purging Medicines, that are usually prefcrib'd
in this Cafe, I advice you to have recourfe to Clyflers, which muff be often repeated
and changed, according to the various Circumftances of the Difeafe; for sometimes
you muff give a foftenbig Clyfler to affwage the Pain, sometimes add Antimonium diapbo-
reticum, to melt the Humours, and if the Diftemper be of long continuance, injet
An excellent Purging Oil.
The adminiftring of purging Medicines to a Horfe, is one of the hardeft parts
of a Farrier's Task, and therefore I thought my felf obliged to ufe the utmoft Dili-
gence and Application to find out a fafe and fuccefsful Method of Purgation: but
notwithstanding all my Endeavours to prevent the Inconveniencies that attend the Ufe
of thofe Medicines, I obferved an extreme Repugnancy in the Nature of Horfes to
yield to their Operation, and I found by Experience, that purgative Remedies are fuc-
ceeded by fuch an universal Diforder in the Oeconomy of Nature, that the Horfe cannot
be restored to his wonted Temper for a considerable time afterwards. I will not trouble
my Reader rith a particular Account of thofe Inconveniencies, but content my felf
with afluring him that I have feen more Horfes than one killed by purging Remedies
that had been fuccefsfully administered to others, for want of a due Preparation of
their Bodies, according to that Maxim of Hippocrates, Concoia mnedicanentis aggredi opor-
tet & movere, non cruda. I fall treat of this Preparation in a more convenient place, and
now proceed to acquaint you, that I have feen fome Horfes foundered by the Ufe of
Purgatives, and others continue to purge ten Days and as many Nights, during which
time they were in perpetual danger ; and thofe who tended them (and I my felf fome-
times) were forced to pour down their Nourifhment with a Horn. So many unfuccef-
ful Trialsbhave taught me Circumfpetion, and I never purge a Horfe without fear, tho'
Neceflity often obliges us to make ufe of thofe Remedies, and a due obfervance of the
true Method of adminiftring them may prevent their fatal Confequences. I have con-
fider'd thefe things with the utmoft Attention, and after a careful Examination of all
Circumstances, I find Van Helmont's Opinion to be very reasonable, and I'm perfuaded
that his Arguments are infinitely more convincing than all that had been urged by
others before him. But fince I am not Mafter of a sufficient Stock of Learning to explain
his Maxims, and reduce them to Pradice, and cannot attempt to overturn the received
Method of Pradifing Phyfick, without invading a Province that does not belong to me;
I muft even content my felf with following the Multitude, till fome Perfon of greater
Judgment and Authority hall undertake the Reformation of Medicine, by extirpating
all Purgatives, and fubftituting fome powerful Diaphoretic in their flead, which may pro-
duce the fame Effets we expect from the others, and deftroy that preternatural Heat
which is the Root of allthefe Diforders. However I thought my felf indifpenfably ob-
liged to enquire into the fafeft Methods of Purging Horfes; and I'm convinced that the
following Oil is one of the moft proper Remedies hitherto known, to move a Horfe's
Belly without Difturbance.
Take Oil-Olive three Pounds, Claret-/Wne a Pint, Pulp of Coloquintida five Ounces,
Flower of Lin-feed an Ounce and a half, three Lilly-Roots cut into round flices, Mifileto of
the Apple-Tree beaten, an Ounce, Camnmomil-flowers a handful. Put all the Ingredients
into a Pot covered exaaly with another somewhat lefs, and lute the Juntures of the
Veffels with Clay tempered with a little Hair or Wool: after the Clay is dry'd, boil the
whole Compofition gently till the Wine be confused, that is eight or ten hours; then
remove it from the Fire, and when 'tis half cold train it thro' a Linnen Cloth, and
give one half luke-warm to the Horfe, for the whole quantity is sufficient to purge two
~. I --La -L---
CHAP. XXIII. The Compleat Horrfman. 65
one of Milk or Tripe-Broth. It will alfo be convenient to give the following Mixture
at several times; take Oil of Rofes and common Oil, of each one Pound, fine Slgar
eight Ounces, Rofe-water a Pint; Mix 'em, and pour a Glafs-full down his Throat
with a Horn every three hours. This eafie and familiar Remedy will open and four
the Guts, cut the thick Humours, allay the Pain, and by its Slipperinefs gliding thro'
the Inteftines, qualified the Sharpnefs and Heat of the Humours: After every Dofe
walk the Horfe gently a quarter of an hour, without heating him, left the Humours
be further enraged.
When you perceive that the Horfe is freed of his Pain, feed him with Bran even or
eight days, after which, fince this Diftemper is only appeas'd but not perfectly cur'd,
you muft endeavour to remove the Caufe, and expel thofe Impurities from whence
the Colic proceeds, by a convenient Purgation. The following Oil is endu'd with a pecu-
liar Virtue to drive out the tough and glaffy Phlegm, that occafion'd all the above-men-
mention'd Diforders in the Inteftines.
The Compleat Horfenan.
P ART 1 l
Horfes but if he be naturally hard to be wrought upon by purying Medicines, give
him more of it afterwards, proportionably to hisStrength; for'tis better to divide the
Dofe than to endanger the Horfe's Life by Slperpirgation. This Oil may be kept Ten
Years, without the leaft Alteration or Diminution of its Virtue ; and therefore you
may prepare a sufficient quantity at one time to ferve four or fix Horfes, and you may
alfo ufe it in Clyflers, if need require.
Keep the Horfe bridled fix hours before, and five hours after the taking of the Medi-
cine, which muff be given in a Pint of Broth, made with Tr ipes, Sheep's--Head, or fome
other kind of Flfh, but without any mixture of Fat, and then walk him about an
hour. Thofe who keep many Horfts, and even profefs'd Farriers, may prepare large
quantities of this Oil, and keep it by them till they have occasion to ufe it.
Tho' Coloquintida be an Enemy to the Guts, and therefore may feeim fufpicious in a
tifeafe that is feated in thofe Parts; yet its fharp and venomous Quality being tem-
pered by the Oil, it may be very fafely given, especially in Broth made with Tripes, or
This Oil may alfo ferve to purge thofe Horfes that remain lean and meagre after hard
Labour, without any manifeft Diftemper.
i| -" eli
Of the Fourth Kind of Colic.
SE C T. r THis Kind of Colic is occaion'd by TWorms, which flick to the Stomach and great
I Guts, and caufe fuch violent and intolerable Pains, that the tormented Horfe is
driven to the moft defperate Adions, and sometimes lies ftretch'd on the Ground as if
he were dead.
The Worms or Truncheom, that caufe thofe Gripings, are ufually bread, thick, and
ihort, like little Beans of a red Colour : there are: others long and white, fharp at both
Ends; but thefe are not fo dangerous as the former, and feldom gripe the Horfe. Thefe
little IWorms gnaw and pierce the Guts, from whence proceed the intolerable Pains with
which the Horfe is tormented: I mean the frfl Kind of Worms, that occasion all thefe
Diforders, and even sometimes eat Holes thro' the Maw, and kill the Horfe.
You may conclude that the Pain proceeds from Worms, when you find them among
the Hdrfe's Dung: but the red Sort is not cafily difcerned, being almost of the fame
Colour with- the Excrements. You may alfo know that the Horfe is troubled with
them, when during the Violence of the Pain he bites his Flanks or Belly, and tears off
part of his Skin, as if he were mad afterwards he will turn his Head, and look upon
his Belly, fweat all over the Body, throw himself upon the ground, flart up again,
and put himself into several unufual Poftures.
Since I design afterwards to describe all the various Kinds of W'orms that are generated
in the Bodies of Horfes, I hall here confine my felf to the proper Subject of this
When a Horfe is troubled with the I'orms, mix half an Ounce of Mercura s dilcis
with an Ounce and a half of old Treacle, and make up the whole into three Pills,
which muft be given in a Pint of Claret. An hour after injed a Clyfler of two Quarts
of Milk, with the Tolks of fix Eggs, and a quarter of a Pound of. Sugar, which by its
Sweetnefs will entice the Worms to the ftrcight Gut. The beft Mercuwris dulcis may be
had for fifteen Pence the Ounce. See the Ninety filft Chapter, where you will find fe-
veral ways to defIroy Worms, by Purgation, Powders, Potions, &c.
A Gentleman of my Acquaintance having fent to a little Town for half an Ounce
of Mercurhis dulcis, the Apothecary font him corrofive Sublimate, which he gave without
fcruple to his Horfe, who dy'd of it; and after his Body was opened the Diforders
caused by the Poifon appeared in his Thioat and Maw ; for the (Nid pro uno was fome-
what too firong on this occasion. To prevent fuch dangerous Cheats, you muft make
the Apothecary put fome of the Mlercury on the tip of his Tongue, for that which is
truly prepared is fo free from all manner of Sharpnelq, that it will not fo much as prick
the Tongue, and I my felf usually tafle it, without either Fear or Danger. But
~ _~_ ---~lu-~-------cp- ~s I-~-1_.,_ __ __
C HAP. In! >C 1'a
There are federal other Powders prefcrib'd for killing oly m, m of which I hall treat
in time and place convenient; but Mercuris dulcis is the moft eK-e!:;al; ior the Vapour
of it alone kills all manner of Worms: yet if this fail /ou may have rccourkt to other
The Clyflcrs that are given to Horfes troubled with Worms, may be made of Ti'1pe-
Broth, or Barlcy-water, bold with Agrimony and 1PFjlane, of each one handful. In this
Liquor diffolve half a Pound of Honey, the lo!ks of eight of Eggs, half a Pound of Sugar,
a.id in-ct it blood-warm; for by reason of its Sweetnefs it will draw thofe trouble-
iime InlinLs to the freight Gut.
S E C T.. A Specifick Powder for all the Four Kinds of this
Diflemper already described.
Since 'tis hard to diftinguifh certainly the true Caufe of the Colic, during the Fit, t
thought fit to propofe a Powder which may be given with Succefs in all the Kinds
of that lDiftcmper menticn'd in the preceding chapters. This will. prevent the ill
Confequences of a Miftakce ,for 'tis good for the Colic caused by Inii/ flirh, fince it pro-
motes the Concodtion of the Matter that floats in the Horfe's Maw: It breaks and
difpels JIind ; it prepares and digefis that crude and glaffy Phlegm which caufes the.Third
Kind of Colic: nor is it lefs admirably ufeful to defiroy Worms, with the Additions
that ihall be afterwards mentioned; besides it makes the Horfe pifs, and therefore is of
excellent Ufe in the Fifth Kind. Only 'tis not proper in that Kind of Colic which
proceeds from Cboler; but fince the Difeafe feldom derives its Original from thence,
you may ufe this Medicine without any Scruple; for 'tis both cheap and eftedual, and
you ought always to keep fome of it by you. The Compofition of it follows.
Take Roots of Mafler-wort, Leaves and Roots of RaddiJfes, greater Centory, and Tanfy -
Dry 'em in the Sui in the Summer, and in an Oven with a moderate degree of Heat,
in the Winter ; then take a Pound of each, Germni&r, Ground-pine, Roots of Angelica
and Elecampane, all dry'd in the Shade, of each half a Pound, Corallin or Sea-Mofs, and
Liver-Aloes, of each four Ounces Gajingal, Nutmeg, and Sal Prunella, of each two
Ounces; Reduce alithe Ingredientsto Powder feparately, then mix them, and keep them
in a Leathern-Bag, or Glafs-Bottle clofe flopp'd; The Dofe is an Ounce for fmall
Horfes, two Ounces for thofe of a middle Size, and two Ounces and a half for the
largest Horfes. Mix it with half an Ounce or three Drams of old Treacle, or an Ounce
of Treacle dit.'lfaron, or Mitbridate6 then give it the Horfe in a Pint of /'bite-kins,
and afterwardswalk him in his Cloaths.
Thofe who travel with federal Horfes, ought always to make provision of this Pow-
der, not only by reason of its excellent Virtues, but because Horfes are frequently feiz'd
with the Colic at a difiance from any place where they may have Affiftance, and at un-
If you fufped that the Difeafe is occafioned by Worms, fince many are poffefs'd
with groundlefs Prejudices against Me; cuiYis ddlcis, I hall propofe another Remedy
which will produce the fame Effetd but I muft firfl acquaint you that you may in-
fallibly kill all the Worm:s in a Horfe's Body, by giving him an Ounce and a half of
the above-mention'd Powder, mixed with half an Ounce of AMrcu ri dulcis. If this
Preparation of Mercury cannot be had, or if you be af aid to nrfe it, you may give the
following Purgative, above two days at left after th,' Fijt i.; ovecr.
S E C T. 3. A Purging Medicine to deflroy Worms.
Take of fine Aloes an Ounce, Coloquintda and Agaric, of each thrc I )ran', Tirhitb
half an Ounce: Mix them all in a grofs Powder, with an Ounce of the- Puoerdetcrib'd
in this Chapter,- Sol. 2. and give the whole to your Horfe with a quarter of Pint of the
Gallof an Ox, and a Quart of lhite-Wine; then cover him well, and walk him for a
quarter of an hour : This Medicine will both purge the Horfe, and kill the liorms that
are in his Body.
Eight Hours after the taking of this Remedy, give him a Cl)y/fr of C(ow's-Milk,
t/hey, or Taipe-Brotb, adding half a Pound of clarified Hoeay, with the Tolks of fix Ey,
to allure the Worms to the straight Grt.
68 b he Com pleat Hore n: an. P AR
You muft not give this Medicine to a Horfe that is naturally fueamiffh, and apt to
forfike his Meat, for 'tis only proper for great Eaters: Neither muft you give it to
thofe that are troubled with hlorms, during the Fit of the Colic, but two or three days
afterwards, as I intimated before.
S E C T. 4. A Powder for the Colic.
If you have not the above-mention'd Powder ready-made, you may prepare another
of common Parjley-Roots, dry'd in the Shade, two Pounds, Grains of P'aradic and
Barks of Oranges, dry'd and reduced to Powder, of each one Pound, Pigeons's Ding half
a Pound. Beat all the Ingredients to a grofs Powder, mix, and keep it in a Leathern
Eag well tied. The Dofe is an Ounce, or two Ounces for a large Horfe, in a Quart
of Wine; then cover him well, and walk him gently. This is a good and cheap
Remedy, and more eafily prepared than the firit.
S E C T. 5. Another Remedy for the Colic.
This is an excellent Remedy, but 'tis only fit to be proposed to thofe who are willing
to fpare no Pains for the prefervati on of their Horfes : And besides, it muft be prepared
by one that is curious, and is not altogether unlearned.
Take of Spirit of Nitre, about half a Pound, pour it drop by drop upon a like
quantity of the beft Spirit of Wine, to prevent too violent an Ebullition; after the
agitation ceafes, put the whole Liquor in a Ctcurbit, with its Head and Receiver, and
diftil with a gentle Sand-heat, cobobating four times, that is, repeating the diftillation
of that which comes over into the Recipient four federal times, after which the
Spirits will be united and if you tafte them, you will perceive that they have loft
their Acidity and become Sweet.
Give your Horfe a Dram and a half, or two Drams of this Spirit of Nitre dulcified
in White-Wine; and an Ounce and an half or two Ounces of it in an ordinary Clyfer.
This is a cheap, fure, and durable Remedy, and any Apothecary that has the leaf
Tindcure of Chyiniffy may prepare it.
SE C T. 6. Another.
If you have try'd several Remedies in vain, as Bleeding, Cljflers, Treacle, Orvietan,andl
others, give your Horfe two Jfinking Pills in a Pint of Wine, and an Hour after a
Clyfler : If thePain ftill continue, give him two Pills more in another Pint of Wine;
and if need require, repeat the Dol a third time, interpofing the fame face of time
as between the firft and second. But you muft not begin with this Remedy, as I
have feen fome do, with ill fuccefs: Only you may give it after fome of thofe Medi-
dines I have prefcribed have been unfuccefsfuilly ufed.
Of the Fifth Kind of Colic.
. Tr. I UO s C are very frequently troubled with this kind of Colic, in which they cannot
Sl 1 Stale or Pl'f, 'tis occasioned either by Obftrudions in the neck of the Bladder
and UriAmry TPayage, or by an Inflammation of the Bladder, or (tho' very rarely) by
Sandl or Gra(vel.
This is a very dangerous Diftemper, and (without timely affifance) Mortal, by
reafon of the violent Pains caused by the floppage of Urine. You may know it by
thefe Signs the Horfe lies down and rifes, tumbles, and offers to Stale, but cannot
oftentimes his Body fwells, and fomctimes he Sweats about the Flanks.
CHAP. XXV. 'he Compeat fc :j
You muft begin the Cure with a Clyfler, prepared with the fvec <(, ~! Roots and
Sal PolycbrefI, proceeding as you were dire6cd in the Twenty Second Chapter, Sc. i.
S E C T. 2. A Clyfclr to provoke Urine.
Take the Decocion of the five foftening Herbs, (viz. Mallows, Marft-Mallows, Aer-
cury, Violet-Leaves, and Pellitory of the iall) with an Ounce of Grommel-Seed in Powder.
Strain and add half a Pound of common Turpentine, diffolved in the Tolks of fix Eggs,
three Ounces of the Oil for Clyflers described in the Twenty Second Chapter, Sel. 5. or
(for want of that) of common Catholicium. Injed the whole by way of lyfler, after
you have walked you Horfe half an hour.
If you put the Turpentine into the Water, before you beat it with Tolks of Eggs, it
will grow hard as a Stone, and communicate no Virtue to the Cly/ler. But to avoid
the trouble of diflblving it, you may mix two (Ounces of Spirit of Turpentine with the
c lyflers, which provokes Urine more effetuall'.
Affoon as the Clyjfer is rejeded, give your Horfe two Ounces of Powder of Colophony
in a Pint ok thite-fine ; then walk him, and he will certainly Stale.
Or, Boil two Ounces of Anni-feed in a Quart of Water, add the weight of a
Crown of P;ood-Lice, in Powder, and give it luke-warm. This is an eafie Remedy,
and does not heat the Horfe.
If all thefe Remedies prove ineffe&ual, anoint his Sheath and Stones with Garlick,
beaten and mixt with Oil-Olive ; that is, take five or fix Heads of Garlick, beat them,
and make an Ointment with a sufficient quantity of Oil, with which rub his Sheath and
Stones. If he be a Gelding, let his Yard be drawn gently out of the Shcath, and after
all the Filth is wafh'd off with luke-warm Water, rub the whole outside of the Sheath
with the mixture of Garlic and Oil, which will give him a defire to Stale if he can
for fome Horfes have an Inclination to Pifs, but cannot.
If this Application do not provoke Urine, mix Powder of l7ood-Lice dry'd with-
out burning, and reduced to the form of an Ointment with Oil, and anoint as before,
after which the Horfe will Stale.
A Quart of Emetic White-WYine, given with a Horn, will certainly make the Horfe
Pifs, if he be walked after it, both at a Trot and a Foot-Pace. I have already
taught you how to make this Wine in the Twelfth Chapter, Se!. 8. but fince 'tis too
late to prepare that Remedy after your Horfe begins to be troubled with a ftoppage
of Urine, you may take Golden Sulphur of Antimony (which you will find defcrib'd in
Glazer's Chymiftry, and afterwards in this Book) and fine Wheat-Florvcr, of each an
Ounce, mix them well in a Mortar, and give the whole Powder to the Horfe in a
Quart of 7hrite-Wine: It provokes Urine more effecually than any Wine whatsoever.
You may find this Medicine at the Shops of fome curious Apothecaries: It was in-
vented by Glauber, who calls it his Panacea, or Univerfl Remedy.
You may put a couple of Lice or Bugs to the end of the Horfe's Yard, to roufe the
During the ufe of thofe Remedies, it will be convenient to foment the Reins thus,
boil two Bufhels of Oats in a mixture of IWater and Vin:gar, till the Oats burft under
your Finger, them apply them in a Bag to the Hlorfe's Reins or Back, as hot as he can
well endure, about the place where the Saddle ends. If you have not Oats, you may
make ufe of Rye.
This Fomentation provokes Urine effetually but if the expulfive faculty be lan-
guid, beat Darnel, and boil it in Vinegar, and anoint the Yard and Stones with the
Thrutfyour Handinto theHorfe'sFundamcnt, and raik him, thenprefs theBladder
gently with your Hand, and the Horfe will infallibly Stale.
If thefe Remedies prove ineffecual, chuf; the whiteft Flints you can find on the
Banks of fome rapid River, heat them red-hot, and quench them in a Pint and a half
of ftrong White-WYine, healing and quenching them fo often, till they crumble into
Powder, then train the Wine thro' a Linncn-Cloth doubled, and make the Horfe
drink it; for the Wine being impregnated with the Salt of the Flints, which is a
powerful Diuretic, will certainly make the IHod; Stale.
Sal-Pminella, or CGyial-mincral clears the 1'iiages, and removes the ObftruCions
that flop the Urine, but you muff not depend upon it during the Fit, for its vertue
principally confifts in preventing the Stoppag of Urine in thof Horfes who usually
"7 ( 1 Dhe CorI li At P AtR..T. ,.
endeavour to Stalc, but cannot, by reason of a certain Heat or ObftruCtion in the
Pa!iages ; in which cafe, you muff give the Horfe every day in his Bran, an Ounce of
Sal-P unell, ad d a Draim of Nutmeg, till he has confumcd a whole Pound.
Sal-Prunella cools the Bowels, clears the Paflages, rcdifics the Blood, and would be
an admirable Medicine, if it were not apt to cool the Stomach too much, and make
the Horfe lofe Liis Appetite ; for which r afon I addcd a Grain of Nutmeg, which com-
forts the Stomach, without over-heating the Body: But it the Hoife, notwithfiand-
ing that, forfake his Meat, you muft not continue to give him the Oyfial-mineral.
Take about four Ounces of dry'd Pigeon's Duing in Powder, boil it in a Qurart of
W'hite-Aine, and after two or three waums, firain out the Liquor, and give it Blood-
:warm to the Horfe : then walk him for half an Hour, and he will Stale if it be pof-
lible. I knew fome Men who took a Dram of this Ding in a Glafs of Wine for the
Colic, and received great benefit by it.
One of the beft Remedies for a Horfe that cannot Stale, is to carry him into a
SbeCe-cote, and there to urbridle him, fuifering him to fell thi Dung, rnd roll and
wallow in it; for he will infallibly Pifs before he come forth, if he be not paft Re-
medy. This quick Effect proceeds from a certain Volatil, Subtil, and Diuretic Salt,
that exhales from the Sheeps-Dug, and firikes the Brain ; fcr, by reafon of the Ccr-
refpondence of that with the lower Parts, it obliges the expulfive Faculty to void the
Urine. It would be needles to prove, that this Durg is full of fich a Salt, fince the
Truth of that Suppoiition is sufficiently confirmed by the great quantity of Salt-Peter
which may be fo easily extraLted out of it.
The Urinary Pafiages are frequently flop'd by thick Fegmn, which will hardly be
removed by the above-mention'd Remedies, and therefore you may have recourse to
that which follows, and I'm confident you will not lofe your Labour.
S E C T A Remedy to provoke Urine.
Take an Ounce of Saffafras-tiood, with the Bark, which contains part of its Vertue,
cut it fall, and infufe it in a Quart of White-Wine, in a large Glafs-Bottle well
flop'd, fo that two thirds of the Bottle may remain empty, let it ftand on hot Afhies
'about fix hours, then ftrain out the Wine, and give it to the Horfe in a Horn. This
Remedy will quickly produce the defired effect, for it will certainly make the Horfe
either Sweat or Sta.e ; and 'tis generally acknowledged, that the Matter of Sweat and
Uhine is the fame.
SE C T. 4. Another.
Oil of yellow Anmber is one of the moft effctual Remedies to make a Hoi fe
Stalc. The Dofe is a Spoonful in a Pint of White-Wine, and you muft walk him
This Medicine is eafily procured, fince aloft all Apothecaries have it, or at leaft
caught to have it. It muft be made without Addition, and not re6tified: Its excellent
Vertues make amends for its noifome Smell. 'Tis fo powerful a Diuretic, that the
Steams or fubtil Spirits that are evaporated from it, during its Preparation make the
Artift Pifs cxceliively.
Thofe who are defirous to know how 'tis made, may confult G ollius's Bafilica (hy-
nica, or Har; tan's Praxis Chymiat; ica, Glazer's Ti eati' of Chy bnfiry, and federal other
Authors who treat of that Art. I prefer this Remedy before all the reft I have de-
fcribed, for it fcldom or never fails.
Another eafie Remedy for floppage of Urine, is to wafh the Horfe's Yard with
luke-warm Water, then Powder it all over with Salt, and fuiffer him to draw it in;
if it be a Mare, put the quantity of a Walnut of Salt into her Privity.
Another good Remedy is to make him drink a Quart of Ve;juice in half a Pailful
of Water; and if he rcfuic to drink it, (which Iw Horfes do) mix a Quart of
Water with a like quantity of 'Vojuc.:, and pour it into his Threat with a Horn :
Then v:A!l lilnn, and he will Stale.
It it ibc ltied d, that I ou aht iathl r to have propofcld oI e fure Remedy, than fucI
a nmulitui e of different Medicines, among which ;fw know how to make a good
choice: I liai (, lv Iaifv er, that 1 tave try'd them all, and leave the Reader tochufe
fich Medici;es a1 are mo1l proper for his Horlf, :,n; may be mcft conveniently pro-
C HAP. XX e (Compleat i arci 71
cur'd. For fome of thofe Remedies are lets Compound than others, :and tfe Difeie
is more or lefs obftinate in several Cafes: Betides, one Horte nmay receive no benefit
by the ufe of a Remedy that has cured several others of the fame Iiftlm r ,b rca-
fon of the variety of Caufes. Some Horfes are alfo frequently troubled with tis Di-
flemper, and fcmetimes die of it: And from all thcfe Confiderations laid tccether,
it will appear, that I had reason to prescribe fo many different Remedies. I have
feen a great number of Horfes loft by the Ignorance of thofe who undertook to C(i,
them: For thofe pretended Artifts endeavour'd only to make them Stale, tho' the Dif;
afle was truly a JTind-Colic. On the other fide, moft Farriers and Grooms imagine, that
a Horfe is troubled with the Gripes, when his Urine is fuppreft, and that Miflake is ib
firongly rooted in them, that 'tis impolfible to convi e them of their Error. So that
when a Horfe is troubled with a Stoppage of Urine, and the Farriers pretend that
the Diftemper proceeds from the G pipes, you may certainly conclude that they are
miflaken, and that the Difeafe is an eiffth oi another Caute.
When the ftoppage of Urine is occafioned by a confirmed (Obflnrrdion, or by an
Inflammation of the Neck of the Bladde;, you mnuft not perilft in the ufe of Internal
Medicines to provoke Urine, which would only five to ncrc(ale the Pain and In-
flammation, and Rfifle the natural Heat, by driving vaft quantities of ferous and fleg-
matic Humours into the Blalder. But inficad of theie, 3 cu nmay lately apply the ex-
ternal Remedies described in this Chapter.
It was never observed hitherto, that Horfes were fubjed to the Stone or Gravel, or
that the ftoppage of Urine that occasions this kind of colic, was ever occasioned by
Sand or Gravely. Neverthelefs, in the Year 1668. an old Spani/ii Horfe died in our
Academy, after a Sicknefs of fome Hours, during which he Sweat all over the Body.
To discover the Caufe of fo cruel a Diftemper, I ordered his Body to be opened by
our Farrier, who found in his Kidneys a Stone that weighed four Pounds and two
Ounces, brown and shining like polifhed Marble, refembling a little Dutch Cheefe,
and of a very'regular Figure, for it was not the breadth of a Line thicker on one fide
than on the other. Both its Figure and Weight have remained entire ever fince, and
it has been feen by almost all the People of Paris with admiration. I presented it to
my good Friend Count Bertbolin, who made all thofe who faw it taken out of the
Horfe's Body, atteft the truth of the matter of Fat, before a Notary. He preserves it
ftill, and fhows it to all thofe who desire a fight of it 5 nor could I forbear relating fo
unusual an Accident.
S E C T. For a Flux of Urine.
Having already difcourfed of the Stoppage of Urine, I hall proceed, in the next place,
to give an account of the Caufe and Cure of a contrary Diftemper, in which the
Horfe voids an excefive quantity of crude, and undigefied Urine refembling Water,
and at laft dies, not being able to support the long continuance of fiich an immoderate
Evacuation. This Flux of Urine is occafioned by the Heat and Sharpnefs of the Blood,
and an Inflammation of the Kidneys, which, like Cipping-Glaj]es, fuck all the ferous
Humours out of the Veins, and discharge them into the Bladder, every thing that the
Horfe drinks paffing immediately thro' his Body, without the leaff Alteration.
The remote Caufes of this Diftemper are, Immoderate and Irregular Exercife, or
Working of young Horfes, cold Rains in the beginning of Winter, and eating of
Oats that are Imported by Sea, where, being of a fpongy Nature, they imbibe and
fuck in the volatile faline Spirits that rife out of the Sea.
When you undertake the Cure of this Difeafe, in the firft place you muft order the
Horfe's Diet, feeding him with Bran inficad of Oats, and give him a cooling Clyfter
next day let him Blood, and the day after injed another Clyfler, after which Bleed
him again the following day. The whole quantity of Blood that is taken away mufu
not excced four Pounds, that is, two at each time.
After you have let Blood twice, and injcaed two Clyflers, boil two Quarts of Wa"
ter, and put it into a Pail-full of common Water; with a large handful of Oriental
Bole beaten to Powder. Mix the whole very well, and make the Horfe drink it luke-
warm, if it be poflible, neither muft you give him any other Liquor for his ordinary
drink Morning or Evening.
Hefcis that are troubled with this tiftemper drink exceffively and fome of them
are fo thidfly, and their Bodies fo heated, that they would drink fix Pail-fulls of Wa"
ter every day. You muff not refrain them, but let them have their full liberty to drink
The Compleat Horfeman.
;^ I I -~---- UI----RI -- ------ -_-II~-
as much as they pleafe, provided the Water be prepared as before with boiling Water
and Bole ; for the more they drink, the fooner will they be cured.
When the Horfe begins to Stale as he us'd to do when in Health, and his Belly and
Dung return to their natural Condition, you muft reftore his Oats by degrees, exercise
him moderately at firft, and afterwards Ride or Work him with difcretion.
a Horfe that Stales Blood.
D Uring the great Heats of Summer, if a Horfe be ridden long and hard, or over-
heated by immoderate Exercife, he will Pifs pure Blood; and this Difeafe is
frequently Mortal, especially if fome Vein or large Veffel be broken, which dif-
charges the Blood into the Bladder. Some Horfes Pifs Blood abundantly without a
Fever, lofs of Appetite, or any other appearance of Indifpofition; in which cafe the
Flux of Blood proceeds only from the exceffive Heat of the Kidneys, and may be
eafily cured. It would feem indeed that they could not long bear fo vaft an expence
of Blood but fince a little Blood will ferve to tinge a great quantity of Urine, 'tis
commonly thought that all they Pifs is pure Blood, whereas oftentimes the tenth part
of it is not Blood, and if proper Remedies be applied, during the firft days of the
Diftemper, the Cure will be eafily accomplished. I hall forbear giving a particular
Account of the Caufes and Confequenccs of this Difeafe, out of complaifance to thofe
who are profeft Enemies to Speculation, and only look for Remedies in a Book of this
Bleed the Horfe, and give him every Morning three Pints of White-Wine made
Emetic, by the Infufion of unwafh'd Crocus Metallorum, otherwise called Liver of Anti-
mony. The Nitre will give the Wine a red Colour, and make it of admirable efficacy ;
for it will both Cleanfe and Heal, which are the two main Scopes of the Cure.
Keep your Horfe Bridled four Hours before you give him the Wine, and as long
after: Repeat the Dofe every day, and in fix or even Days the Flux of Blood will
ceafe, and the Horfe will be in a fair way of Recovery. For the Emetic Wine expells
all Impurities out of the Bladder, and confolidates the part, which is all that can be
fired for the Cure of this Diftemper.
If the Fifing of Blood be accompany'd with Heat and a Palpitation of the Flanks, as
it usually happens, give the Horfe a good cooling Clyfier every Evening, bleed him a
second time, if need require, and diffolve two Ounces of Sal Polycrefl in the three
Pints of Emetic Jine, which you were ordered to give him every day, and perfift in
this Method till the Horfe recover.
If the Sal Polycrefl make him forfake his Meat, give him once or twice an Ounce of
common Treacle, or of that which is called Diat.faron in his Emetic Wine, and after he
has recovered his Appetite, return again to the Sal Polycrefl, but you muft not exceed
an Ounce or two at moft. Since the Treacle called Diateffarvn is a very cheap Medi-
cine, and of singular ufe in the Colic, Want of Appetite, and other Diftempers, I thought
fit to fubjoin the description of it.
Take of Myrrh, Gentian, round Birthwoi t, andu Bay-Ber i~s, all in Powder, of each
half a Pound, clarified Honey, and Extral~ of Juniper-BerrieF, with which the Cordial-
Pills are ordered to be made, Chapter Eleven, Se. 6. of each fix Pounds, and make an
EleRnary as follows.
Boil fix Pounds of Honey in three Quarts of Water gently, to the confumption of
a large third part, taking off the Scum as it rifes, then fufter it to Cool, and having
reduced the other Ingredients to a very fine Powder, incorporate them by degrees in a
Mortar with the Honey, and Extrad of juniper. This Eltcfuary has the virtue of Trcacle,
for it refifts Poyfcn, consumes fuperfluous moiflure, reftores Appetite, and cures the
Colic. The :Dfe is from one Ounce to two, in Wbhit-l'ine or Claret.
This Teadcl is called Diatc#faron, because it confifrs of four federal Powders, inix'd
with Honey, ,-nd Eatra of Juniper, which make a very fveraign Compofition, andare
CHA P. XXVII. he Coi;pleat Hornem an7
an excellent Prefervative against Malignity. "I is better than the Tr eacleco'mmonly
ufed by Farriers, which cofts but a Crown a Pound, and has only the Name, without
the Virtues of Treacle.
If your Horie be not cured by the above-mentioned Remedies, prepare that whi'ic
follows. I have had Experincce of its Virtues.
S E C T. Another Remedy for Piffing of Blood.
Take two Ounces of the beft Treacle of Anromach s, or for want of that, the fame
quantity of Diatieffaon ; common Honey, and fine Sugar, of each four Ounces: mix
and incorporate them in a Mortar, then add Anni-feed, Coriander-fetd, and Liquorice, of
each two Ounces in fine powder. Mix them well, and diffolve the whole in a Qiarct of
Claret. Keep your Horfe bridled three hours before the Dofe and as long after, and let
him blood the day following.
The day after his Bleeding give him this Clyfler: boil five Pints of tWhey made of
Cow's Milk, with two Ounces of the Scoria of Liver of Antimony in fine powder af-
foon as it begins to rife in great Bubbles, remove it from the fire, and adding four
Ounces of Oil-Olive, inject it luke-warm. If the Difeafe continue, as I believe it will
not, you muft repeat the whole Courfe. I have feen federal Horfes very happily cured
with this laft Remedy.
C H A P. XXVII.
A Remedy for the Stones that are drawn into the Body
by the Violence of the Pain.
I Confefs this is not a proper place to treat of this Diftemper; and fome critical Gen- SEC T. i.
tlemen will perhaps accufe me of negled of Method : but my Defign is to consider
Things, and the Advantage of my Reader, rather than to confine my felf to a firint
Obfervance of fuch Niceties, which are oftentimes mere Trifles.
Another Accident no lefs troublefome than the former, is the Drawing in of the
Stones to the Belly, occafioned by the violent ContradiQn that proceeds from Extremity
of Pain. Tho' the Stones hung fwagging before, yet when they retire into the Belly
they caufe an intolerable Pain, which may kill the Horfe before the Application of
Remedies: for if the Cure be not carry'd on with all Expedition, the Pain is redoubled,
and the Horfe lies down, ftarts up, and toffes his Body furioufly.
This troublefome Indifpofition is usually occaiioned by the Inflammation of the
Neck of the Bladder.
When you perceive your Horfe to be troubled with this Symptom, and cannot feel
his Stones, which are in a manner drowned in his Belly, let him blood plentifully in the
Flanks, and give him a foftening Clyfter. After which take a convenient quantity of
Mallows, Malfih-Mallows, Powder of Lin-feed, and Violet Leaves, boil them well in
Oil-Oiive, and add a sufficient quantity of Lin-feed-Oil, then caft your Horfe on a Dung-
hill or in a Meadow, and anoint his Sheath and Stoves with the Oil, fomenting the fame
Parts with the warm Herbs: affoon as the Stones appear, take hold of them, and tyethem
about with a foft leather Thong;, after which make him rife, and he will both fale
and dung; for the Fomentation allays the Inflammation of the Neck of the Bladder,
and affwages the Pain of the Stones.
'Tis a certain Rule, That when the Stoppage of Urine proceeds from a confirmed Ob-
ftrudion or Inflammation of the Neck of the Bladder, and the Stones are drawn into
the Belly, all Diuretics, or Medicines to provoke Urine, are to be avoided; instead of
which you muff have recourfe to ihlceding in the Flanks, and if the Difea. be very
violent, in the Neck, foftenig Clyflers, fomenting of the Reins and Sheath. To conclude,
if the Cafe were dcfperate, and all thofe Remedies had been try'd in vain, I would
give the Horfe an Ounce and a half of the Preparation of Antimony, called the hAr: lial
Powder, made up into a Ball with Butter, in White-Wine, or fI me other convenient
Vehicle; for 'tis a more effecaual Medicine than any other that can he propofdd; you
wil find the Defceiption of it afterwards in this Book. Thofe who would have a lar-
r he L; O Ii, icat i-ior0cilli.
P ART 1
ger Account of this Subjl may cnuit the a inthb Bro, of a Treatife printed at Veice,
and entitFd, La Gloria dclCavallo )p~:ra del llh fire S'nor Fajqal Caraciolio, where they"
will find all that can be faith of this, as well as o0 all other Diftempers incident to
Horfes, which are learinedly defcrlibed in that Boock.
I did not think it to inert the Dc i ription of Putvis dirtic'tis RcK:;., o the Queen's
dinretic Ih'dcdr, which is a mernc con fied LHodge-podge of Diuretic Ingredients, that are
hardly to be procured, and at dear Rates. Any Book of Phyfic will firnith you with
long ( atalogues of thofe Drugs, but you muft take care to chute fuch.as are moft
cinvenicl:t. I could have f.;cjkd my Book to a vaft and ufelefs Bulk, with fuch De-
fciipticns, which are usually Heaps of empty Words. And I have often found that
thcfe who read Medicinal Treatifes imagine they can cure all manner of Infirmities
with fuch highly extoild Remedies; but they are ftrangely disappointed when they
come to male trial of their boafted Virtues. Let us therefore learn Wifdcm at their
Ccft, and beware of falling into the like Mifiakes. Moft Authors borrow what they
write from their Predeceffors, and they only copy'd after thofe that wrote before them,
tho' perhaps not one of them ever experienced the Remedies they commend, but barely
rely upon the Authority of one another. Thefe and fuch-like Confiderations, make
me fit a higher Value on one Experiment duly performed, than on all the fine Promi-
fes, and confident Affurances of Succefs, that are to be found in many Phyfical Books.
It muft indeed be ackrowledg'd, that there are fome Authors who only write their
own Experience, but their Number is inconfiderable, and 'tis a hard task for an ordi-
nary Reader to diftinguifh them from the Multitude.
Of the Sixth Kind of Colic, called by fome the R ed Gripes.
S Ec T. C. I.' E W Horfes are attacked by this Diftemper, and few that are attacked efcape.
If you be not acquainted with the Conftitution of your Horfe, you will hardly
be able to diftinguifh this from the other Kinds of the Colic: And a Miftake in this cafe
is very dangerous, for all the Remedies already prefcrib'd for the Colic are hot, and
therefore no more fit to cure this Diftemper, which proceeds from a Heat caused by the
Fermentation of the Bile, than Oil is to quench fire, fince the Natural Heat would foon
be overcome and flifed by that of thofe Remedies.
But the Cure is ftill more difficult than the Knowledge of this Difeafe, because it
confifts in a Fermentation of the Bile, which feldom or never yields to Medicines.
Neverthelefs, to proceed methodically, in the firit place bleed your Horfe in the Neck,
and an hour after in the Flanks after which give him a Clyfler of the warm Blood of a
Lamb, or at leaft of a ydung Sheep: in order to which, bring a Lamb, young Sheep, or
Calf, into the Stable by the fick Horfe, and having cut its Throat, receive its Blood into
the Clyfler-Bag, which muft be warm'd at the Fire, that the Blood may not be cooled,
and fo lofe its Spirits. Afbfoot as all the Blood of the Animal is extracted, it muff be im-
mediately injected (after you have 7 ak'd the Horfe) without the leaft Mixture, and hot
as it comes out of the Veffels. This Clyifer tempers the.Sharpnefs of the Humour con-
tain'd in the freight Gut, and eafes the Horfe wonderfully, who will rot void it tillthe
firft time he dungs, in cafe he recover: for Nature makes ufe of it, and at laft dif-
charges it with the Excrements in form of great Clots like Balls.
Inficad of this Clfler, which ought never to be emitted when it can be procured,
you may ufe the DecoAion of PIzr:lane, Lettuce, Succory, half a Cucrmber (if the Sea-
fon permit) and an Ounce and a half of the Sco;ri of Liver of Antinmory in fine Pow-
der: let the Ingredients boil only half a quarter of an hour, and diflolve in the Strain-
ing fx Onnces of Honey of Rofes, to help Nature to separate and difcharge the offend-
If you perceive that the Hoife is fill tormented, notwithstanding the Ufe of thofe
Remedie, rcait im on his Jack wimth iis Legs up, and fpread four Napkins moiftened in
luke-warm Water, over all his Belly, without touching his Flanks. Hold him in this
Poflure for a quarter of an hour, during which time repeat the moiftening of the
_ __ __ _~ II___ ___ __ I
CHA P. XXI X. l he Complkat Horfeaan,
-a pkins twice ; after which fime Horfes are either cured or cafed, whereas others re-
ceive no Benefit, but link undcr the Violence of the Diftmlper. If you ., l)t to
give your felf the trouble of cafing the Horfe, you may oblerve the fIilow ;, i-
If the Horfe be feized with this Diftemper in Summer, order him to be bath'd, anJl
keep him as long as you can with his Belly half under-water, letting him drink a,
much as he pleales. If you cannot conveniently bathe him, diffolve tour Ounces ,oj-
Cryjfal-Mineral in a Pail-full of Water, and give it him to drink. But above all give
him frequent Cyyfiers; for the Cuoler occasions fiich violent Diforders in a little time,
that the Horfe cannot hold out above fix and thirty Hours at moft If he begins to
defire Food, 'tis a Sign that the Diftemper abates, but you muft not give him
I thought fit to propose thefe Remedies, though very fewv recover from this DitUfi'
which almoft always ftize on vigorous Horfes. If all your Endeavours prove unticcctL'
ful, yeu muft lay the blame on the Violence of the Difiemper.
It all the above-mentioned Remedies produce no Effect, give the Horfe twvo fJikhr,
Pills in a Pint of Beer, and half an hour after a Clyfler, thus prepared. Boil an Ounce
and a half of the Scon ia of Liver of Antimo;y in five Pints ot Beer, or (if that cannot
be had) of Whbey, and after five or fix Waums, remove it from the fire, and adding a
quarter of a Pound of the Ointment called Populewn, injet it blood-warm. Half an
hour after give him another Dofe of Pills, and continue after the fame manner till he
has taken three Doftes, and received as many Clyflers. If it be in the Power of Reme-
dies to recover the Horfe, thefe Pills will certainly anfwer your Expedation : but if
the Horfe die after all, you muft not imagine that the Pills killed him, but only blame
the extreme Violence of the Diftemper. Farriers call it the Red Gripes, which is the
common Name they give to all Mortal Difeafes that are unknown to them. It wiJi per-
haps be objeded, that 'tis contrary to the Rules of Art to give hot Remedies, as the
linking Pills, in a Difeafe of this Nature: but it muft be confider'd, that 'tis impoflible
to allay fuch an Ebullition or Fermentation, by the ufual cooling Medicines, which
are altogether ufelefs in this Cafe. That Effect can only be expedled from Alkali's,
which refift and defiroy the acid Liquor that occaftons the Heat from whence the Ebul-
lition proceeds. Now A/4f-fatida contains a great deal of Alkali, and from the Union
of that Salt with the Acid there results a fort of friendly and balfamick SaTt that a6s
jointly with the Liver of Antimony, which is very agreeable to the Nature of Horfes, and
firengthcns it extremely. And even that Medicine alone fixes and thickens the Bile
that ferments in the Inteftines, and beirg rather cold than hot, tempers the Heat of
the Bay-Berries: So that 'tis plain from what has been faid on this Occaaion, that the
Mixture of thefe three Drugs, in a convenient Proportion, firengthensthe ;atr'al, and
deftroys the adventitious Heat that caufes this Dificmper.
CHA P. XXIX,
Of the Stavers.
H Orfes are fubjea to a certain Diftemper called the Stavers or Staggers, which de-SECT. .
prives them of the Ufe of their Senfes to fuch a degree, that they are almoft
wholly flupefy'd : and besides it makes them ftagger, and beat their Head againfi the
It proceeds from hot, fharp and thin Vapours, which riling from the Entrails difiurb
the Brain, and hinder its Fundions more or lefs, according to the degree of their
Sharpnefs, and the measure of their Quantity.
The Caufes of this Diftemper are hard Riding or Labour in hot Weather, noifQme
Smells in the Stable, long Races, wheeling about or quick Turns too often repeated,
exceffive Eating; and above all, the Abundance of hot and lharp Humours in the
Stomach, which ferment and boil over, and leaving their natural place, deprave all the
The Signs of this Difcafe are obvious ; for the Horfe reels and flaggers as if he were
drunk, beats his Head against the Walls with extreme Violence, lies down and rifes,
but with greater Fury than in the (C.ic, for you would think he had quite loft his Sight,
L 2 and
76 1he Complrrj at Horfe/an. P AR T lr
and he knocks his Head fo violently againft the Wails and Manger, that he is every
moment in danger of killing himfelf.
To pilcced to the Cure, bleed the Hoife in the Flanks, and in the plait-Veins of
the Thilghs, then [give him a CjLr of two Quarts of Emectic ine.: luke-warm, /with a
quarter of a Pound of the Ointmelt Topuleim, after which, fiJ!er ]him to repoie a
You miufl ficquently repeat the ufe of frs, and abo an aoutn hour or two after the
flli is vi.cil, give him that which follows: Boil two Ounces of the Scoria in fine
Iov olr, i.n vc P'ints of ELer: After five or fix Waums remove it front the Fire, and
aC d ing a quarter of a Pound of U ngiitum Rojatum, injett it luke-warm, and repeat
tlce fLnme frequently. In the mean time1 rub his Legs ftrcngly with a 'Wifp of Straw
1iiioicned in warm Water to make a Revulflon, iced him with Bran, or 1W)heat-read,
iad walk him from time to time in a temperate place. By a careful observance of
thife Dircctions you may cure this Diftemper, if it be not accompany d with a
But if the Difeafe ftill continue, give the fick I-Horfe an Ounce either of Treacle, Or-
k'.intat, or Di tjf rcn, diffolv'di in a Quart of the four Cordial Waters, that is, ofScozonera,
fi bloft, Cardvus Bciedilius, and Ze9u of thle lIMeadors, or fome other cordi;.'-iaters, and
at the 1 ame time prepare this CTL'r. Take two Ounces of Sal Iolycreft, and a like
rr; entity of tle Medicine prefcriLed for the Pctio-n, that is, either Treacle, O',viictan, or
I)iat:ifaro,7: Difiolve thim in two Quarts ofa Decoafion of thefoftening Ht'rbs, with a
quarter of a Pound of Oil of Rue make a Ciyfer to be injected luke-warm, immedi-
ately after you adminifter the Potion.
Hcrfes are alfo troubled with another Diftemper of the Head, which is not fo dan-
gerous as the &Stavcrs, and may be cured with once Bleeding. It proceeds from Fulnefs,
and too great abundance of Blood, when the Horfe has been kept long in the Stable
without Airing. Afloon as you take him out he falls down suddenly, and rifes up
again fo dizzy-headed, as if he were troubled with the StA,,iis. But you may easily
perceive that 'tis a meer Giddinefs, for he is brisk and eats heartily while he remains in
the Stable, and falls down only when he is taken out ; whereas a Horfe that is troubled
with the S aicr' falls in the Stable as well as abroad; and his Eyes look wild, which
is (not obfrved when a Horfe is only dizzy.
7 his Diforder is caufed by the too great abundance of Fumes that rife from the Blood,
which throwing off Obedience to Nature, opprefs the Horfe, and make him reel, and
at LII fall.
The Remedies for this Giddinefs are, firft a Clyter, then Bleeding, which muff be
repeatcd two days after: And to preserve the Horfe from this Inconveniencv, give him
moderate Exercife, and lefs Food, that Nature may not produce more Blood than Ihe is
able to govern.
CHA P. XXX.
Of a Shoulder-wrench, Shoulder-pight, and
LT. i. ~ Ince thefe Accidents happen fo frequently, it will not be improper to consider all
0 the Circumflances that attend them; for many Horfes are Lam'd, and rendered
wholly ufelefs for want of a diftinCt Knowledge of the nature of the Grief, and a
timely and methodical Cure. That you may comprehend the Infirmities mentioned
in the Title, you muft know, that the Shoulders of a Horfe, and other four-footed
Cattle, are not fafien'd to the Body by large Bones, but only applied to the Extre-
mity of the Side, and held in their proper Situation by Ligaments which faflen them
to that part. So that by a Slip, falfe Step, or undue Pofture of the Lcg, a Horfe
may be eafily Shoznlder-pight or Splaited, that is, fome part of his Shoulder may be fe-
parated from his Body, which cannot be done without ftretching the Ligaments. In
all the moveable parts of the Body there are certain glewy Waters or Humours which
facilitate the motion of the Joints: Now, thefe Waters flip out of their proper place
C H A P. Xb. A.. Coin p ic at ii/o!W ";L
where they are fixed by Nature, in order to the more cail; perLornne their
u and~sjyi~:hk! C are fprld A
Functions, and are fprcad thro' the parts that are dilated or torn by the i., c:b of tim
Shoulder, where they imrunediately grow thick and hard, and iifbad of Lili.s tin- thi
motion of the part, according to their primitive Inftitution, hinder it, and canei th i
Pain which makes the Horfe Lame, more or lefs, according to the greatnefs of the ',;. '
The Pain is occafioned both by the stretching of the Nerves, and by that fliimy I. t.,
cncreaied by the Humours which flow thither from the Ne.igb during Parts. You muir
endeavour to attenuate thefe Humours, and afterwards expel them by infenfible Trani
fpiration, and by ftrength'ning the part to reftore it to its former Sound nefs.
'Tis hard to discover where the L'im: n1 f lies, if you did not fee him get it, and
if the Horfe does not caft his Leg outwards, or make a Circle with it instead of ad-
vancing it firaight forward for that is an almost infallible lign that the Grief is in
But if the Horfe be Lame, and yet be free of the above-mentioned Infirmity in his
Gate, turn him ihort on the Lame fide, and obf:rve carefully how he treads; for if
the Grief be in his Shoalddl he will fct his Foot on the Ground hardly, and endeavour to
favcur his Shoulder. I 'you cannot discover the part affected this way, take hold ot
his Fore-lg, ard make him go backwards and forwards, that you may peiceive how
he moves his Shoiuler, and whether he does not complain and fhrink when you put
him cn thefe Motions. Tis to be observed, that a flight Strain or Wrench, without
a 'loz:derjflair, will make a Horfe halt before ; but fuch a Lamenefs is not very con-
'The uifual way to know whether the Grief be in the Shoulder or Foot, is to otlerve
whether the Lamcnefs be encreafed or abated by exercise. For if it be in the Shobrl'r
the Horfe will halt leaifJ while he is heated with Riding; but if it be in the Fot he
will halt n;cf when he is ridden. When you perceive your Horfe to be Lame, in the
frft place you muft unfhoe him, and order his Foot as fall be afterward:; directed
when we comle to fpcak of Pricks in the Foot. If you cannot difcern any Hurt in his
Foot, feel whether there is not a Swelling in the Paflerns, or whether the Lamenefs
be not cccafioned by Rat-Tails or Cilefts; aftewards.feel the Fetlock-joir.t, and all
a~log ,he Mafler or back Silewr to discover whether there is not a Srain, and at
IafT handle the Shoulder pretty roughly, to fee whether the Horfe will complain of any
Grief in that part.
A Lrnmenefs may be occafioncd in the Shoulder, not only by a Shouler-fplait, but
when the Horfe receives an external Hurt, by a Blow from another Horfe, by a Fa 11,
or when his Shoulder is brui*cd by the Saddle: In all which cafes you muff, in the be-
ginrirg, order the Sorance, as if it were a proper S; "i -L.!:,-fplait.
There are feveral other ways to know whether Hor es be Sboniter-fJaited, but
there are few or none of them who do not draw their Leg, or caft it a little outwards
And the fureft way is to obfcrve how they tread, when you turn them fhort ; for,
with a little practice and attention, you may easily discover whether the Grief be in
S E C T. 2. A Remedy for a Strain, Blow, or azn other Hurt
in the Shoulder.
When you perceive that the Grief is in the S:'. ?:r, if the Weather be not Cold,
and the Horfe halt but a little, lead him to a Pond or River, and make him Swim
half a quarter of an hour in the Morning, and as long at Night. At his coming out
of the Water rub the part with Aqua-Viti, and if the Hurt be final, it will be cured
without further trouble. Thus, by the rolling of a Stone under a Horfe's Foot, when
he is&Gal-loping, his Sbouder may be firained, or a Shoulder-wrencb may be occafioned
by a falfe Step: In foch cafes, if the Hurt be finally, the Cure may be performed by
bleeding him in the Neck, fwimming him Morning and Evening, and rubbing his
Shoulder with Aqua V'it& at his coming out of the Water, as I intimated before.
If this Remedy prove inefflcual,. bleed him in the Neck, receiving the Blood in a
Veffel, and stirring it with your Hand to prevent its curdling; then mix half a Pint
of Aqua-Vits with the ilood, and charge the Shoulder, rubbing it hard with your IHad,
to make the Aqua-Vite~ penetrate the Skin, which,, with the aftingent and strength'
ing quality of the Blood, does frequently perform the Cure without any other Rmedy :
But you muft keep the Horfe fhackkd, if he walks awry, or defcribs a crooked Line
with his fore Leg. .
78 1 he Ciompl eat Hor/f.man. PART II.
If the Lamenefs continue fill, you may conclude that the Hurt is greater than
you imagined: But there is no Hurt Ib great either in the Shoulder or Hip that
may not be cured with the Oint7mcit oj A(Montpellicr, applied alter the following
The day after you let the Horfe Blood, and charged his Shoulder with Blood and
Aqua-Vite, put a 1ttten-Sboe on the contrary Foot, if he does not lean on his Sore
Foot, and fetter his two Fore-feet, if he walk floping from fide to fide then chafe
the S1o ler veiy Lard firft with Spirit ojf ine, and then with black Soap, to make them
pierce the Skin, rubbing in half a Pint of the former, and about half a Pound of the
latter, and leave the Horfe in that condition four and twenty Hours; after which
c1,pf him every day with Ointment of Montpelier, keeping him shackled and fhod with
the E1-ttcn-Shoe, about ten days, if need require, at the end of which, take off.the
Pjt cn-S bo, and trot him out gently, to fee how the Cure goes on. If he Halt a
little fill, cctinue to rub him every Mornilg with the Ointment of Montpelier, and
at XiNht, without taking off the Oinltm;ent, or any part of it, chafe him with Spirit
of i'ne. Continue thus till he Halt but a very little, or only yield or feign; and
then make a Fatb or Fomentation, of convenient Herbs with Lees of iWine and Honey,
Iathing and chafing the Shoulder with it every day. After the Lamenefs is quite gone,
uff cr him to remain in the Stable for a considerable time, without either Walking or
SRiding him all the while, for nothing but Refl can make him perfefly Sound. And
'tis a general Rule, that Repofe s absolutely neceffary in all Hurts of the Shoulder, that
Nature may have leifure to repair the Diforders caused by the Strain.
S E C T. 3. Ointment of Montpelier.
Several Apothecaries make ufe of Tallow, colour'd red with Alkanet and wafh'd in
Rofe-water to give it a Smell, and fell it for Ointmenrt of Rofes: But the true Ungiucntum
Rofatum is made of Rofes, from which it takes its Odour, for the Colour is a meer
Trifle, iince it adds no Virtue to the Compofition: And the like abufe is frequently
committed in making the Ointment Populeinm, by adding Verdigrife to give it a bright
green colour, and make it more falcable. Take then, of the true Ointment of Rofes,
AlIyJ--Mallows, Populeum, and Honey, of each one Pound, mix them cold, and keep 'em
in a Pot clofe covered. This is the true Defcription of that famous Ointment fo
highly eftcemed by Lovers of Horfes, for its manifold Virtues for it ftrengthens
without Heat, and is proper in all cafes, when there is occasion for Charges or
S E C T. 4. The Baron's Ointment for Strains in the Shoulders
Take of new WIax, Re/in, Pitch, and common Trpentine, of each one Pound, Oil-
Oli'v two Pounds, Greafe of Cap.ns, Badgers, Ho;fes, and Mules, and the Mar-
7 ow of a Stag, of each five Ounces; Oils of Turpentine, Caflor, (For ms, Cammomil,
St. Johnls's-JFor;t, Linfecd, and of Foxes, of each four Ounces; Oil of Gabian, or if
that cannot be had, Oil of Peter, two Ounces. Put the Oil-Olive in a Bafon over a
clear Fire, with the Wfax, RejY, and Pitch beaten together, ftir them overtheFlametill
they be difbolved, then add the Fats and Stag's Marrow, and afterwards the Turpentine,
incoporating all together over a very gentle Fire; in the laft place pour in the Oils,
ftirring the whole Mixture half a quarter of an Hour, after which remove it from
the Fire, and continue to ftir till it be cold.
This Ointment is good for Shoulder-f plaits, Sprains, Pricks, Hip-fjot, IWenches in the
Hougb or Thigh, Wrbiging, Surbating, bruifed Legs, Sinews /prung or sprained;, and for all
manner of Dcfluxions and Feeblencjs in any part of the Body.
Before you apply it, you muft heat the part by rubbing it with a wifp of Straw,
or with your HF.nd, then chafe it with the Ointment, as hot as the Horfe can bear it,
holding a F ie-JJrl, red-hot near the part, to make the Ointment penetrate, and
repeat the fame Application once every two days till the Horfe be cured. If the
Grief be in the ShbjlJ ,r you may put Paflerns on his Legs, and a Patten-loe on the
H A 1'.
- -.^/i *. --/; i; i .:..
x x C
obund Foot if need require. You mufltnot be furpriz'd at the dwelling which will hap-
pen in the Part, for alter the Pain is removed, you may eafiiy take away the Tuoiur
with convenient Batbs or }oimentations.
You may cure even Old Hl-ts by this Method : but fince the Ointment is not always
to be had, you may ufe the following Remedies.
In the firft place you mnft let the Horfe blood, and charge his Shoulder with Bl)od
and A;:-JVit&, asbefore: The day following apply the Honey-Char;ie, which you will
find described Chap. ; SeS. 2. renewing it daily for three or four Days; aand the Dif-
cafe muft be very flubborn, and deeply rooted if it yield not to this Remedy. You muft
not be furpriz'd if the Honey-Charge raife a Swelling, for that is a good Sign, and takes
away the Pain: besides the Tumour may be eafily cured by convenient Fomentations,
and even by bathing it with the Water that has been ufed to wafh Difles, if the Lame-
nefs be quite gone. But if this Remedy be not attended with Succefs, wipe the Shoul-
ier very clan, and"rub it till it grow hot, then chafe it with the following Mixttuie;
Take Oil of Spikze .n Ounce, Oils of Peter and Turpentine, of each two Ounces, Spirit
of Wine three Ounces Mix them. After which put Pajlerns on his Legs, and a Patten-
Jloe on the contrary Foot.
If need require, two hours after you have rubb'd the Shoulder with the Efences, you
may apply a good Charge, fuch as the Red Honey-Charge ; and two days after put a new
Charge over the old, the main Defign of thefe Applications being to concentrate the
Virtue of the E'ences, and promote their Operation. Four or five days atter bathe the
Shoulder with the Fcmentation hereafter described, laying it above the Charges then take
off the Paflerns, and Patten-foe, and walk the Horfe gently, that you may perceive
what Benefit he has received : for after the Application of the E]jr: 's- the Pain tir the
moft part ceafes, and the Horfe halts no more. Neverthelefs you muft fuffer him to
reft for fome days; for tho' the Lamenefs be cured, the Part continues weak; and if
you do not give Nature time to repair her Loffr, the Lamenefs will return worfe than
ever, and the Cure will be more difficult than at firft.
You muff not imitate the old and pernicious Cuftom of Farriers, in that which
they call dry fwimming, for it weakens a Part that is too feeble already, obfiru6ts the
Cure,, augments the Pain, and confequently the Defluxicn. 'Tis performed thus;
they tye up the found Leg, fo that it cannot touch the ground, and make the Horfe
hop on three Legs, by which means, they pretend, the grieved Leg is heated, and the
Pores both of the Skin and Flelh opened, to facilitate the Penetration of the Remedies,
which are endu'd with a Virtue to diflipate and confume part of the Slime, Phlegm,
or thicken'd Humours, to afivage the Pain, and cure the Grief
This Method may perhaps he allowed, when the Hurt is old, and all other Re-
medies fail: tho' even in that Cafe you muft not torment him by tying up only
the found Leg, but rather put PaE .is ) on both the fore Legs: for the way that Far-
riers usually take is the greatest Abufe in the World, and no Man of common Senfe
will ufe it.
For a Shoulder-flrain you may bleed the Horfe in the Neck, and charge the Shoulder
with Blood mixed with Aqua-Vita. z two hours after chafe the Part very hard with a
Composition of equal Quantities of Alqa-Vita and ELence of Turpentine well mix'd in a
Glafs, without taking away the Blood. Two hours after anoint the Part with half a
Pound of Ointment of M1Iontpeier, rubbing it in with your Hand; next Morning chafe
the Shoulder again with a quarter of a Pound of the Ointment, and at Night with half a
Pint of good Aqua-Vita, continuing after the fame manner for eight Days together .
during which time the Horfe muft not be suffered to lie down. Then take him out,
and trot him, to fee whether he halts; and if the Lamenefs be gone, let him reft fif-
teen Days, to strengthen the Part.
But if at the end of the time prescribed, you perceive that his Lamenefs itill conti-
nues, you muft proceed to give the fire, thus. Find out the Joint or Part where the
Shoulder moves, and make a Circle about it of the bignefs of a Trencher then pierce
the Skin with a red-hot Iron, thro' the whole face contained in the Round, leaving
the distance of an Inch between the Holes: Clap a good Plafter on the Part, and
over that fome of the ftufling that is ufually put into Saddles; put Paflerns on the
Horfe's Legs, and a Patten-floc on the contrary Foot. When the Scab falls off, walh
the Part every day with Aqna-Vita; and if the Lamenefs continue after the Sores
are healed, you muff take Patin.ce, and give the Fire time to operate, rubbing the
burnt Part every day with Ointment of /ontpelier, aad walking him in your Hand. But
__ _C ~ I_ __
T be Cornmle/at Horemian.
if after all the Horfe continue frill to halt, you JiiU y ecn give him over for de-
S holder. zait.
S ECT. .
Fa iHifc be Sbouldcr.fp'aited by a violent Strain, or be grown very lame of an old
1 Hurt, you muft at lait proceed to Roirellihg : but you ought to try all other Reme-
dies 'cctre you have recourti to fo cruel an Operaticn.
Caft the Hcrfe on a foft place, and hold him fo that he cannot ftir ; then rub or beat
the Shiuder with a Clod of Earth, Brick, or Currier's Pommel, till it be crufh'd or
brlli.d, ircifienling the Part with Water as you bruife it: After which cut open the
Skin n the iceweft part of the Shoulder, about half a Foot wide of the part where
tl:e Shoulder is joined to the Brisket, and three fingers breadth from the Joint, and
make a:nohcr Hole opposite to the .lbcw, behind the Shoulder, overagainft the Side,
keepirg free of the Joint or place where the Shoulder moves, to avoid drawing the
Matter thiirhr. In the inxt p.ce; raife the Skin from the Flcfh with your "-onet or
Iron Srpat;a, thruftiig in the ifr11-ment to its whole Length, at the Hole in the lower
prt o.i the Shoulder, ald i;:piating the Skin as far as the Mane: then blow into the
Il-ks, and pit in two large Gocic-quills anointed with Bajilicum, and fix them fo that
they may not fall out.
1h bree Days and three Nights after the Operation, take out the Quills to give a vent
to th;e Matter, and befmearing them with old Hogs-greafe, Tallow, or BaJilicum, put them
in again; after which you muft take them out once every Day, for fifteen or twenty
Days ; and then taking them quite away, the Holes will clofe up of themselves. Some
pretend that the RrNvel muff not be kept in above ten days, for fear of breeding Felan-
ders, ai;d drawing fich a Flux of Humours upon the Part, that can never be ftopp'd
or diverted afterwards. But the bare Digeftion of the Humours requires nine days,
fo that if the Rowel be taken away on the tenth day, what benefit can be expected
from it. 'Tis plain then that we m uf give Nature time to evacuate the Impurities,
and the thick Slime or Jelly, that obfiru6ts the Motion of the Leg. 'Tis true indeed
nine days may fuffice for a frefh Hurt, but after other Remedies have been try'd in
vain, the Rowels muff be kept in longer. And the breeding of Felande'rs and hard
Lumps of Flefh, may be eafily and eftfeually prevented, by anointing the Quills,
keeping the Holes open, and taking care to give a free Paflfgeto the Matter.
You muft obferve that the bruifing or crushing of the Fleth before Incifion is only pro-
per when the Shoulders are plump and full offlefh.for when thefe Parts are larik and defti-
tute of Flfhi,the Ligaments and Nerves lie almost bare under the Skin,and may be easily
hurt and bruifed by the outward Contufion, and an Inflammation occficned, which
may prove fatal to the Horfe, as I have observed oftener than once. In fuch a Cafe
therefore the bruising of the Shoulder muff be omitted, neither muft the Horfe be
caft, if the Operation can be performed otherwise ; but if he be furly, skittifh, or
very tender, you muft caft him, and take care to prevent his hurting you: then make
an Incifion in themidft of the lower part of the Shoulder, separate all the Skin of that
Part from the Flflh as iar as the Mane, blow up the whole Shoulder, thiuft Ex or eight
thin Slices of Hog's Lard of the breadth of two Inches, into the Hole, flipping them up
be twen the Fkfh and the Skin to the Top of the Shoulder, then ancient the whole
Shoulder, put Paflei vs on the Horfe's Legs, and a Pattcnfloe on the found Foot. You
muft not be furpiized at the Swelling of the Shoulder, which will certainly happen,
but continuc every day to give a vent to the Matter, by taking out the old Slicesof
Hog,'s Lard cand put" ing in new pi: ces aid always anoint the Shoulder, as before. After
ten cl:';ysa c P uired, put no morc Pieces of ILaid into the Hole, but only w4jh the
whole Sl u !ivr with warm Wine and frelh Butter melted together. I ufe this Method
at Irefenat vwitl! -uccefs, and it cures old Hurts without any danger.
_ _C_ III_ IWW_ I
ClA P. XX .XL 1 he Compleat Hoferan.
To cure a Sboulder-Sp'ait of a long landing, infiead of ,ills fome ufe Sttons, which
are made thus: Having made two Incifions, one on the Top, and another in the
Midft of the lower part of the Shoulder, raife up all the Skin, and draw a Cord, made
one half of Hair, and t'other of Canvas, thro' both Holes, anointing it with Bajill
cum. This Cord muft be drawn downwards once in twenty four Hours, to let out the
Matter and a great quantity of Humours will be difcharged in fifteen Days, efpeci-
ally if the Skin be well separated from the Flefh thro' the whole breadth of the
If the Rowel or Seton occafion an extraordinary Swelling, attended with an Inflam-
mation and Fever, anoint the Part with Ointment of Rofes, or Galen's Ceratum, and injet
Aqua-VJita. When you think it convenient to clofe up the Seton, draw out the Cord,
and it will heal of it felf.
S E C T. 2. Of the Red Honey-Charge.
The Remedy I intend to propofe is fo generally ufeful, that 'tis impoffible to
mention all its Virtues in one Chapter, and therefore I fall content my felf with
naming fome of the Principal; as that 'tis good for tired and jaded Horfes, Strains in
the Shoulder or Hips, decay'd and fwell'd Legs; Pain in the Feet, Surbating, Sinew-
Sprains, Swaying of the Back, Wrenches, and Sit-fafts. Bcfides it diffolves and ri-
pens all manner of Swellings; neither do I know any one Remedy fo univerfal as this
which I now recommend to you as a Medicine that never baulked my Expedtations,
and Experience will give you a better Idea and clearer Proof of its admirable Efficacy
than all the Praifes I could below on it.
I thought fit to propofe all the Ingredients fingly, left by fome Omiilion you should
leffen the Value of the Remedy, for there is nothing ufelefs that enters into its Com-
I. Sheep's Swet melted, a Pound and a half.
II. The Greafe of a Capon, Hog or Horfe, one Pound.
III. The Oil drawn from the Bones of an Oxe or Sheep, or if neither of thefe can be
had, Linfeed Oil, or Oil-Olive, half a Pound.
IV. Claret, of a thick Body, and deep Colour, two Quarts.
V. Black Pitch and Burgundy Pitch, of each one Pound.
VI. Oil of Bay, four Ounces.
VII. Common Turpentine, one Pound,
VIII. Cinnabar in powder, four Ounces.
IX. Common Honey, a Pound and a half.
X. Powder of Cummin-feed, four Ounces.
XI. Good Aqzua-Vita, half a Pint.
XII. Fine Oriental Bole in powder, three Pounds.
XIII. A sufficient quantity of Wheat-flower to thicken the whole Mixture.
Thofe who are not fatisfy'd with this Compofition, and are defirous to fee the De-
fcription of other Honey-Charges, may consult the Great Art of Farriers, the French Farrier,
the Expert Farrier, and other Modern Authors, especially the Italians, who have de-
fcribed the Difeafes of Horfes more exadly than the French b fuch as Pietro Crefzenzo,
Giordano Ruf'o, PafcalCaraciollo, and II colombro. They may alfo gratifie their Curiofity,
by reading the Latin Treatifes on this Subjed, as thofe of Vegetins and Abfyr tus, which,
with the Hippiatrica, are printed in one Volume: but they will find themselves often
confounded by fo vaft a Multitude of Remedies. Frequent Experience has fully con-
vinc'd me of the Excellency of that which I here propofe and I can affure the Rea-
der that a Regular and Exact Compofition of the above-mentioned Drugs, according
to the following Diretions, will perform all the Effects that can be expended from
Honey-Charges that confift of as many Ingredients as Treacle.
Take a Kettle, Bafon, or Pot that will endure the Fire, and put into it the above-
mentioned Quantities of Sheep's Sewet, Capon's or Hfe's Greafe, or if neither of there
can be had, Hog's Greafe, Oil of Sheeps Bones, or instead of that Oil Olive or Lin-feed-Oil,
with the Claret. Boil'em over a gentle fire at firft, increasing the heat by degrees, and ftir-
8 2 he Co ipleat Hor man. PFAR I
ring the Ingredients from time to time till part of the Wine be confused, that is, about
two hours ; then put in both the foits of Pitch, and after they arc diffolv'd, the Oil of Bay
Remove the Vcfiel firm the Fire, and put in the Tupentine and Cinnabar, mixing them
with the reft about a quarter ot an Hour. After the* Compofition is half-cold, add the
Honey, and afterwards the Cunnmin-feed, continuing to ftir as before: then add the Bole
in powder, which ought to be fuch as will not harden in the Mixture, but incorporate
with the reflt a.nd when the whole Compofition is almoft cold, add halfa Pint of fine
and ftrong Aq:ca-VitR, flirring till it be perfectly mixt. Then thicken it with a conve-
nient quantity of fine Wheat-flower, almost to the Confiftence of an Ointment, and con-
tinue ftii ring till it be cold.
If this Remedy be duly prepared, the Powders beaten fmall, and the Moifture
wholly evaporated, it may be kept a Year or two in a covered Veffel and dry
If you cannot' procure Ciminablr, take two Ounces of Qdick-filver, beat it in a MAlr-
tar with a like quantity of Oil oj Tr pentIhe, till it be quenched, and mix it with the
Compi Tition ; but the Cinnabar is a great deal better, and not fo hurtful to the Nerves
as Me rcury: Or you may fubflitute two Ounces of red Precipitate inftead of Cinaba'r,
If ycur dcf:gn be to ripen a Swelling, add to the Charge either Pitch, Rojin, Turpentine,
IPgeon's D; ; Fcugreek-feed, or Goat's Dzrg, chufing that which hall feem moft con-
venient, and can be moft eafily procure!.
During the Heat of Summer you may. apply the Charge cold ; but in Winter or cold'
Weather, you muft heat part of it in a littlePot. If it be too thick, dilute it with IWine
or Lees of Jine, and if it feem too thin, bring it to a due Confiftence with Wheat-
To make it flick to flopping and hanging Parts, as.theH-ips and Legs, you may add
a little more Turpentine and Pitch, and apply it as hot as the Hdrfe can poflibly endure
it: but if you design to refolve or repel a Swelling, the Addition of thofe two Ingre-
dicnts will procure a contrary Effect. Or you may tye it or as hard as you can, with-
out hurting the Part, fo that you ir ay thruft your Finger under the Ligature or Bandage.
When you have occasion to put this 'Carge into a Horfe's Foot, you muff apply it boiling
hot. This Remedy is thick and glewy enough to flick for fome time to a Part where
it cannot be ty'd on ; neither does it flick fo faft, but that it may be easily taken off
when the Part is cured: besides, 'tis free from the ufual Inconveniency of other
Ccmpofitions of the fame Nature, for it rarely makes the Hair fall off, unlefs it be
apply'd too hot; and (which is bet of all) 'tis a furer and more effeaual Remedy
than the other Charges.
The Third Ingredient of this Remedy is a fort of Oil, which Tripe-fellers draw from
Bones by Boiling, and fell for Twenty-pence, or Half a Crown the Pint, to poor People,
who make ufe of it for Blows, Brnfes, and Falls: Its Smell refembles that of Greafe;
'tis yellower and much better than Oil-Olive, for it aflwages Pain more powerfully,
pierces deeper, and comforts the nervous Parts more effetually. If you cannot pro-
core it, ufe Lin-feed Oil rather than Oil-Olive.
The Capon's Greafe, prefcrib'd in the fecond Place, is better than Hog's Greafe it eafes
Pain, and refolves, and you'muft melt and firain it thro' a Linnen Cloth. The fame
quantity of Badger's Greafe would produce an admirable Effiet, or instead of that,
Bear's Gresf, but the former -is not fo rare as the latter.
SE CT. 3. Another lefs compounded Honey-Charge, commonly
called a Remolade.
The fame Reafon that obliged me to prefcribe two Sorts of Cordial PowIers, makes
me propofe another Honey-Charge. The Effedts of that which I have already described
are admirable, and it deserves the Title of Univerfal; but fince there is a considerable
number of Perfons in the World, who either cannot or will not undergo the Trouble
and Charge of fo laborious and intricate a Compofition, I thought fit to fibjoin
another, which may be more eafily prepared, and at a lower Rate ; I confefs 'tis infe-
riour in Virtue to the former, but 'tis a very good Remedy, and you may depend
Take thick Lees of Wirwe three Quarts, Hog's Greafe a Pound; boil them together half
an Hour, till they be incorporated: then add black Pitch and Burgundy Pitch beaten,
common Turpentine and Honey, of each a Pound ; ftir them over the Fire till they be well
mixjd: after which add fine Bole-Armenic, or Bole of Blois, eight Ounces; remove the