Front Cover
 Front Matter
 The accepted sacrifice
 An earthquake seen by Elijah
 Elijah calling fire from heave...
 Elijah's mantle
 Elijah taken up to heaven
 Elijah mocked by children
 The Shunammite and her son
 Naaman cured of leprosy
 Destruction of the temple...
 Elisha on his death bed
 Israel's transgressions
 An angel destroys the Assyrian...
 Death of Sennacherib
 Josiah receiving the covenant
 Fall of Jerusalem
 David's benevolence
 David's transgression and...
 Solomon exalted
 David appointing the singers and...
 The building of Tadmor
 King Solomon and the queen...
 Hadoram stoned to death by the...
 The children of Israel defeated...
 Ahab orders Micaiah to prison
 Jehoshabeath carries off the infant...
 Athaliah in dismay
 The death of Athaliah
 Joash calls for the Levites'...
 The death of Zechariah
 Uzziah struck with leprosy
 The children of Judah are treated...
 The Levites ordered to sanctify...
 The house of God plundered and...
 Cyrus proclaims that he will rebuild...
 The feast of Tabernacles
 Nehemiah at Jerusalem
 Ezra opens the book of the law
 Queen Esther before king Ahasu...
 Esther's invitation
 Mordecai honoured
 Esther accuses Haman
 Job's affliction
 Job's resignation
 Job and his friends
 Job in despair
 The vision of Job's friend
 Job reassured
 Job restored to prosperity
 David rejoicing
 David calling on God to defeat...
 The righteous shall not fall before...
 The children of Israel by the waters...
 Pity the poor
 Violence shall be punished
 Give from your abundance
 Christ and his church
 The good shepherd
 The shadow of the dial
 Hope for all the righteous
 Jeremiah brought forth from the...
 The triumph of Babylon foretol...
 Jeremiah released from prison
 The fall of Babylon
 Jerusalem in ruins
 Death of Ezekiel's wife
 The fall of Tyre
 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-ne...
 The writing on the wall
 Daniel cast into the den of...
 Judgments on the wicked
 Offering incense to idols
 Israel to be restored
 The basket of fruit
 Mount Zion's deliverance
 Jonah cast into the sea
 Idolatry shall fall
 Woe to the guilty city
 The greatness of God
 The destruction of Assyria and...
 Hosea's vision
 Warning to priests
 Back Cover

Title: Tallis's Illustrated Scripture history for the improvement of youth
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020326/00002
 Material Information
Title: Tallis's Illustrated Scripture history for the improvement of youth
Alternate Title: Illustrated Scripture history
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill., plates ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gaspey, Thomas, 1788-1871
Tallis, John, 1817-1876 ( Publisher )
Rogers, J ( Engraver )
Publisher: John Tallis and Co.
Place of Publication: London
New York ;
Publication Date: 1851
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1851
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: by the editor of Sturm's Family devotions.
General Note: Added title-pages, engraved.
General Note: Added engraved title page imprint J. & F. Tallis.
General Note: Illus. engraved by J. Rogers.
General Note: Baldwin library copies bound as 4 volumes: v. 1, pt 1 & 2; v 2, pt 1 & 2 (Spine labels v I-IV)
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00020326
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002238314
oclc - 24355767
notis - ALH8811
lccn - 37031970

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    The accepted sacrifice
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
    An earthquake seen by Elijah
        Page 158a
        Page 159
        Page 160
    Elijah calling fire from heaven
        Page 160a
        Page 161
        Page 162
    Elijah's mantle
        Page 162a
        Page 163
        Page 164
    Elijah taken up to heaven
        Page 164a
        Page 165
        Page 166
    Elijah mocked by children
        Page 166a
        Page 167
        Page 168
    The Shunammite and her son
        Page 168a
        Page 169
        Page 170
    Naaman cured of leprosy
        Page 170a
        Page 171
        Page 172
    Destruction of the temple of Baal
        Page 172a
        Page 173
        Page 174
    Elisha on his death bed
        Page 174a
        Page 175
        Page 176
    Israel's transgressions
        Page 176a
        Page 177
        Page 178
    An angel destroys the Assyrian host
        Page 178a
        Page 179
        Page 180
    Death of Sennacherib
        Page 180a
        Page 181
        Page 182
    Josiah receiving the covenant
        Page 182a
        Page 183
        Page 184
    Fall of Jerusalem
        Page 184a
        Page 185
        Page 186
    David's benevolence
        Page 186a
        Page 187
        Page 188
    David's transgression and penitence
        Page 188a
        Page 189
        Page 190
    Solomon exalted
        Page 190a
        Page 191
        Page 192
    David appointing the singers and musicians
        Page 192a
        Page 193
        Page 194
    The building of Tadmor
        Page 194a
        Page 195
        Page 196
    King Solomon and the queen of Sheba
        Page 196a
        Page 197
        Page 198
    Hadoram stoned to death by the children of Israel
        Page 198a
        Page 199
        Page 200
    The children of Israel defeated by Abijah
        Page 200a
        Page 201
        Page 202
    Ahab orders Micaiah to prison
        Page 202a
        Page 203
        Page 204
    Jehoshabeath carries off the infant prince Joash
        Page 204a
        Page 205
        Page 206
    Athaliah in dismay
        Page 206a
        Page 207
        Page 208
    The death of Athaliah
        Page 208a
        Page 209
        Page 210
    Joash calls for the Levites' collection
        Page 210a
        Page 211
        Page 212
    The death of Zechariah
        Page 212a
        Page 213
        Page 214
    Uzziah struck with leprosy
        Page 214a
        Page 215
        Page 216
    The children of Judah are treated kindly by the Israelites
        Page 216a
        Page 217
        Page 218
    The Levites ordered to sanctify the house of the Lord
        Page 218a
        Page 219
        Page 220
    The house of God plundered and destroyed
        Page 220a
        Page 221
        Page 222
    Cyrus proclaims that he will rebuild the temple
        Page 222a
        Page 223
        Page 224
    The feast of Tabernacles
        Page 224a
        Page 225
        Page 226
    Nehemiah at Jerusalem
        Page 226a
        Page 227
        Page 228
    Ezra opens the book of the law
        Page 228a
        Page 229
        Page 230
    Queen Esther before king Ahasuerus
        Page 230a
        Page 231
        Page 232
    Esther's invitation
        Page 232a
        Page 233
        Page 234
    Mordecai honoured
        Page 234a
        Page 235
        Page 236
    Esther accuses Haman
        Page 236a
        Page 237
        Page 238
    Job's affliction
        Page 238a
        38aPage 239
        Page 240
    Job's resignation
        Page 240a
        Page 241
        Page 242
    Job and his friends
        Page 242a
        Page 243
        Page 244
    Job in despair
        Page 244a
        Page 245
        Page 246
    The vision of Job's friend
        Page 246a
        Page 247
        Page 248
    Job reassured
        Page 248a
        Page 249
        Page 250
    Job restored to prosperity
        Page 250a
        Page 251
        Page 252
    David rejoicing
        Page 252a
        Page 253
        Page 254
    David calling on God to defeat his enemies
        Page 254a
        Page 255
        Page 256
    The righteous shall not fall before the wicked
        Page 256a
        Page 257
        Page 258
    The children of Israel by the waters of Babylon
        Page 258a
        Page 259
        Page 260
    Pity the poor
        Page 260a
        Page 261
        Page 262
    Violence shall be punished
        Page 262a
        Page 263
        Page 264
    Give from your abundance
        Page 264a
        Page 265
        Page 266
    Christ and his church
        Page 266a
        Page 267
        Page 268
    The good shepherd
        Page 268a
        Page 269
        Page 270
    The shadow of the dial
        Page 270a
        Page 271
        Page 272
    Hope for all the righteous
        Page 272a
        Page 273
        Page 274
    Jeremiah brought forth from the stocks
        Page 274a
        Page 275
        Page 276
    The triumph of Babylon foretold
        Page 276a
        Page 277
        Page 278
    Jeremiah released from prison
        Page 278a
        Page 279
        Page 280
    The fall of Babylon
        Page 280a
        Page 281
        Page 282
    Jerusalem in ruins
        Page 282a
        Page 283
        Page 284
    Death of Ezekiel's wife
        Page 284a
        Page 285
        Page 286
    The fall of Tyre
        Page 286a
        Page 287
        Page 288
    Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego
        Page 288a
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 290a
        Page 291
        Page 292
    The writing on the wall
        Page 292a
        Page 293
        Page 294
    Daniel cast into the den of lions
        Page 294a
        Page 295
        Page 296
    Judgments on the wicked
        Page 296a
        Page 297
        Page 298
    Offering incense to idols
        Page 298a
        Page 299
        Page 300
    Israel to be restored
        Page 300a
        Page 301
        Page 302
    The basket of fruit
        Page 302a
        Page 303
        Page 304
    Mount Zion's deliverance
        Page 304a
        Page 305
        Page 306
    Jonah cast into the sea
        Page 306a
        Page 307
        Page 308
    Idolatry shall fall
        Page 308a
        Page 309
        Page 310
    Woe to the guilty city
        Page 310a
        Page 311
        Page 312
    The greatness of God
        Page 312a
        Page 313
        Page 314
    The destruction of Assyria and Nineveh foretold
        Page 314a
        Page 315
        Page 316
    Hosea's vision
        Page 316a
        Page 317
        Page 318
    Warning to priests
        Page 318a
        Page 319
        Page 320
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

lhe Blajwin Libz.

- r- ,R-x-2C


'THE~ ACC.E P11:1) S \C U FICE

1-P) T
it i''iiU

"The fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice."-
1 KINGs, chap. xviii., verse 38.

WE have seen how the followers of Baal failed.
When they had waited many hours, and
exhausted their strength in senseless appeals to
a wretched idol, the true prophet Elijah took
twelve stones, the number of the tribes of
Israel, and built with them an altar, or rebuilt
one which had been broken down. A bullock
was killed; it was dressed, and the pieces
placed on the altar, and a great quantity
of water was poured on and around the sacri-
fice; and this was repeated a second, and
even a third time.
The hour for offering the evening sacrifice
had arrived, when Elijah earnestly addressed
himself to prayer. "Lord God of Abraham,
Isaac, and of Israel," he exclaimed, "let it
be known this day that thou art God in Israel,
and that I am thy servant, and that I have
done all these things at thy word. Hear me,
O Lord, hear me, that this people may know
that thou art the Lord God."

To confound the arrogance of the prophets
of Baal, to prove that Elijah was the true
servant of the Most High, and to set at rest all
doubts that might have been entertained by the
Israelites, "The fire of the Lord fell and con-
sumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and
the stones and the dust, and licked up the
water that was in the trench."
Such a manifestation of the favour of the
Supreme Being when solemnly invoked by a
sacred prophet, was not to be resisted. "When
all the people saw it, they fell on their faces:
and they said, the Lord, he is the God; the
Lord he is the God."
Their indignation was then turned against
the misbelieving priests of Baal. At the word
of Elijah not one of them was suffered to
escape. They were seized, and being carried
to the brook of Kishon, Elijah for their false-
hood and wicked presumption, "slew them
In this, as in many parts of Scripture, we
are taught the vast efficacy of prayer. A
prayer from holy lips for a good and important
object is seldom breathed in vain


N A 'tfBQl'Yl S 9I';;N Y IL ,NiH.

" The Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the
mountains and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord."
-1 KINGS, chap. xix., verse 11.

THE life of the prophet Elijah was one of great
vicissitude and peril. He was a man of extra-
ordinary determination, and the daring acts he
performed necessarily exposed him to the
fierce resentment of those whose views he
thwarted and whose impostures he exposed.
When Jezebel, the queen of Ahab was
informed that Elijah had put the false pro-
phets who fed at her table to death, she
was greatly incensed, and sent a messenger
to him to say in her name, So let the gods do
to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as
the life of one of them by to-morrow about
this time."
In consequence of this threat from such
a quarter, Elijah withdrew and journeyed in
the wilderness. There, it is probable, that
he suffered much distress, for he prayed that
he might die. His wants were heard, the
houseless wanderer lay down to sleep under a

juniper tree, and while he was there an angel
touched him, and told him to arise and eat,
and looking up he saw "a cake baken on
the coals, and a cruse of water at his head."
Of these he partook and slept again. He
then, sustained by the food thus miraculously
supplied, journeyed on to Horeb, the mount of
There the Lord came to him, and Elijah told
of what he had done, and how the children of
Israel had forsaken the covenant of their
God, thrown down his altars, and slain his
prophets, and were even then seeking his life.
He was directed to go forth and stand
upon the mount before the Lord. "And
behold the Lord passed by, and a great and
strong wind rent the mountains, and brake
in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but
the Lord was not in the wind; and after the
wind an earthquake, but the Lord was not in
the earthquake."
Such wonders the God of Israel performed
to reassure his prophet. Elijah journeyed
on, and found the invisible arm of the Lord an
effectual safeguard-a shield that could ward
off every danger



-:NT I' AN

AN Il) 1

"Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, If I be a man
of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume
thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven,
and consumed him and his fifty."-2 KINGS, chap. i.,
verse 10.

KING AHAZIAH, through a fall, suffered from
disease, and in consequence he sent messen-
gers to Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, to
inquire whether or not he should recover..
The unworthy homage thus paid to an idol
an angel authorised Elijah to rebuke. The
Prophet, accordingly, met the messengers of
Ahaziah, and said to them, Go, turn again
unto the king that sent you, and say unto him,
Thus saith the Lord, Is it not because there
is not a God in Israel that thou sendest to
inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron? To
this stern interrogatory he added, "therefore
thou shalt not come down from that'bed-on
which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die."
This message being carried by the messen-
gers to the king, he inquired what manner of
man it was who had told them these words.
VOL. I. Y 161

They described Elijah to be a hairy man, with
a girdle of leather about his loins. By this
description Ahaziah knew the awful message
proceeded from no other than Elijah the Tish-
bite. Thereupon he sent a captain and fifty
men to the Prophet, who called on him to
come to them. Elijah did not obey the man-
date, but, with the proud dignity of an out-
raged prophet, replied, If I be a man of God,
then let fire come down from Heaven and con-
sume thee and thy fifty." At his call fire
came from heaven and consumed the captain
and his men. A second officer with a like
force, sent for the same purpose, shared the
same fate, and a third only escaped death by
humble solicitation.
Elijah now, having been called to by an
angel not to be afraid, went with the third
captain to the presence of Ahaziah, to whom
he repeated the awful announcement which he
had sent by the messenger, and Ahaziah soon
The decree of the Eternal, when it has once
gone forth, no mortal power can successfully
oppose. The captains and their fifties arrayed
against one man protected by God were wholly




" Elijah took his mantle, and wrapped it together, and smote
the waters, and they were divided thither and thither."-
2 KilNGS, chap). ii., verse 8.


TOWARDS the latter part of Elijah's earthly life
Elisha had become known to him. He was
found ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen, and
on seeing the Prophet he left the oxen, and
prayed him that he might kiss his father and
mother, and then he would follow Elijah. This
he did, though at first he was earnestly advised
to go back by the venerable sage to whom he
aspired to minister.
It may be presumed that congenial piety
united them thenceforward; as we find Elisha
journeying with the Prophet from Gilgal when
the moment approached in which he was to be
taken up into Heaven.
That Elijah was speedily to be taken away
was known. The sons of the prophets at Je-
richo inquired of Elisha if he were aware of it,
and his answer was, "Yea, I know it, hold
your peace."
Elijah, forewarned that he was to be snatched
from the world, might not expect that he

would be removed in a glorious chariot, and it
is even possible that his friendship sought to
spare Elisha a shock, when he wished him to
tarry behind while he went to Jordan. The
answer of Elisha indicates the fixed resolution
of sincere regard and devoted attachment: "As
the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will
not leave thee." The solemn determination
not to be severed from his friend in his last
days, reminds the Scripture reader of the
tender affection manifested for Naomi by Ruth.
The friends reached the river Jordan, which,
being touched by the folded mantle of Elijah,
its waters divided that he and Elisha might
pass over its bed on dry ground.
And now, willing to requite a friend so
attached while the power of doing so remained
to him, "Ask," said Elijah to Elisha, what I
shall do for thee before I be taken away from
thee." "I pray thee," was the answer of
Elisha, "let a double portion of thy spirit be
upon me."
Standing by the highly-favoured servant of
God, piety, wisdom, and love prompt Elisha
to ask no boon of a worldly character, but a
double portion of his spirit; greater mental
illumination, greater powers to honour the God
of Israel.

I lI.I I \ f .' 1 ;N I 'r1' III. 1 \VN1-4 V

I'V 1 1

"As they still went on, and talked, behold, there appeared
a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both
asunder; and Elijah went up in a whirlwind into heaven."
-2 KINGS, chap. ii., verse xi.

THE answer given by Elijah to the entreaty of
Elisha was, Thou hast asked a hard thing;
nevertheless, if thou see me when I am taken
from thee it shall be so unto thee."
Having crossed the river Jordan they still
advanced, and we can easily conceive most
solemn, most affecting, must their thoughts
and speeches have been, while friends so at-
tached felt that on earth they would be permit-
ted to converse no more.
They walked on, when there suddenly ap-
peared a chariot of fire and horses of fire.
Elisha saw this wonderful sight, and exclaimed,
in the surprise of the moment, "My father,
my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horses
thereof." Elijah made no reply. The moment
was come when he was to leave the world; his
thoughts could no longer stoop to mortal cares;
to him who is light ineffable" he went up by
a whirlwind into Heaven.

But as he commenced his glorious transit his
mantle fell on his faithful friend. Elisha took
it up as a precious relic of the departed seer,
and when he touched the waters of Jordan with
it "they parted hither and thither," as they
were divided in the presence of its late pos-
Since the date of this memorable scene, it
has not been given to mortal eye to see the
righteous lifted bodily from earth to Heaven.
Yet, happily, we often behold the consumma-
tion of a virtuous life, in the perfect serenity
and holy joy, with which the parting inhabitant
of earth resigns himself to the grave, "in sure
and certain hope" that it is but a passage to
Heaven. When friend is doomed by the law
of nature to separate from friend, the survivor,
while he sees the pure spirit disengage itself
from the trammels of the flesh, cannot but feel
---- the parting sigh
Consigns the just to slumber, not to die,"
and rests consoled.


I AIlS! \I \OCki" ,) M' ('111

"As he was going up by the way, there came forth little
children out of the city, and mocked him, and said unto
him, Go up, thou bald head; go up, thou bald head."-
2 KINGS, chap. ii., verse 23.

THE Prophet Elisha was gifted by God with
the power of purifying the waters of a city, so
that they should no more cause disease, but
should benefit mankind by fertilizing barren
But, while thus dispensing blessings above
all price, the man of God, absorbed with the
high duties he had to perform, was, perhaps,
unnecessarily regardless of his personal appear-
ance. To the eye of youth, age, with its
attendant failings, appears anything but lovely,
and often ridiculous. So Elisha appeared to
the children of Jericho, and they irreverently
mocked the Prophet, and followed his steps,
rudely calling out, Go up thou bald head, go
up thou bald head."
Elisha felt this was not merely an affront
offered to him, but to the Being whose favoured
servant he was, and who had caused him to
bear on his person the marks of age, which

fixed the attention of the young scoffers. He
turned back, looked on them, and cursed
them in the name of the Lord." The conse-
quences were frightful. Two she-bears came
out of a wood, and tore forty-two of the irrev-
erent mockers to pieces.
The judgments of Heaven are awful. Let
the young be slow to laugh at those who, in
the course of nature, are doomed to know the
infirmities of age. They, if permitted to live,
must in time succeed to them; and though the
dreadful fate of the children who scorned Elisha
may not be theirs, yet bitter reflection and
great suffering will overtake those who, in the
days of their youth, indulge in heartless inso-
lence to the aged. The children of to-day will
become the parents of to-morrow, and what
will console them under the insults of their
juniors, if they are so unhappy as to remember
that while young they were weak and wicked
enough to laugh at the weakness of their
friends and parents in the decline of life, instead
of soothing their sorrows with tender care and
generous sympathy?



III[? NT Fl ~ 4.1 N 7l'7

,'Nlj ;((DN, A MOTHER TO LEIAIG11T.~Gl'r

" She went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the
ground, and took up her son."-2 KINGS, chap. ii.,
verse 37.

A LADY, or, in the language of Scripture, "a
great woman," lived in the land of Shunem.
She admired and reverenced Elisha, and not
only desired him to eat with her whenever he
passed that way, but she prevailed upon her
husband to build a chamber for his especial use.
He was grateful, and wished to requite her
kindness. This, in the relative situations of
the parties, seemed a matter of some difficulty;
but Elisha was enabled, by the spirit of God
and of prophecy.which was in him, to announce
to the lady, till then childless, that at a cer-
tain period, which he indicated, she should
embrace her son.
This came to pass as he had foretold. The
lady found herself a parent; but her son, a
growing youth, going into the fields in harvest-
time, was suddenly taken ill. He complained
of his head to his father, who directed a lad to
carry him home. There all a mother's care
VOL. I. z 169

failed to relieve him, and on her knees he
In great distress the bereaved mourner sought
the Prophet. She told him of her Idss, and
reminded him that she had not asked to be
blessed with offspring, and had prayed in this
matter that she might not be mocked with a
deceitful hope. Elisha pitied her affliction, and
immediately sent forward his servant, Gehazi,
directing him to make all speed, and to lay his
staff on the face of the child. He soon fol-
lowed, and having shut himself up in the
chamber with the lifeless son of the Shunam-
mite he prayed to the Lord. Then he stretched
himself upon the child, and soon found that
the petition he had addressed to the Omnipo-
tent for his restoration was heard. The child
grew warm, opened his eyes, and was again
given to his mother's joyous embrace.
The prayers of the good are potent. God
listens to petitions addressed to him in purity
and truth.




" Would God my lord were with the prophet that is in Sama-
ria! for he would recover him of his leprosy."-2 KINGS,
chap. v., verse 3.

THE king of Syria had a general or captain of
his hosts, whose man was Naaman. He was
in favour with the king his master; had ren-
dered eminent services to his country, and was
renowned for valour, but he suffered from dis-
ease: Naaman was a leper.
Seeing her master's affliction, a Jewish maid,
who had been captured by him, expressed a
wish that Naaman would seek the Prophet
Elisha in Samaria, as she was impressed with a
belief that if he did so, his leprosy might be
The Syrian monarch, anxious that his con-
quering general should be relieved from the
affliction under which he laboured, gave him a
letter with presents to the king of Israel, en-
treating him to cause Naaman to be cured of
his leprosy. The Jewish king was greatly
disturbed at this. Non-compliance, he feared,
would offend the Syrian, and what was required
seemed impossible. "Am I a god," said he,

" to kill and to make alive, that this man doth
send unto me to cure a man of his leprosy?"
The conclusion he came to was, that the king
of Syria sought for a pretext to quarrel with
Elisha, informed that the king of Israel was
much distressed on this account, desired that
Naaman might be sent to him, declaring he
should thus know that there was a prophet in
In consequence of this, the chariot of Naa-
man was soon seen at the door of Elisha, who
sent a messenger to him, saying, Go and
wash in Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall
come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean."
Naaman was offended. He thought the
Prophet would have waited on him personally,
and healed him with a touch of his hand. "Are
not," said he, "Abarra and Pharpar, rivers of
Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel?
May I not wash in them and be clean?" He
was, however, in the end prevailed upon to
wash seven times in Jordan, and his leprosy
was no more.
The good often effect by simple means
mighty things, which to idle scoffers would
seem impossibilities.


h\ 14

1) IH lO 1 II iP. 1 I\\

I/ I

C2 _

"And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal,
and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in
pieces."-2 KINGS, chap. xi., verse 18.

THE son of Athaliah had been slain, and she,
in a spirit of revenge, or moved by ambition,
" arose and destroyed all the seed royal, with
the exception of one Prince Joash, or Jehoash,
who was saved by Jehosheba, the daughter of
king Joram. That lady stole Jehoash while an
infant, from among the king's sons, who were
slain, and concealed him in her chamber.
In the mean time Athaliah had placed her-
self on the throne. The cruel policy which
she had pursued she fondly hoped would give
her security. Six years Athaliah held the power
she had usurped without interruption, but in
the seventh she learned to her cost that an all-
seeing eye was upon her, and a violent death
requited her guilt.
The young prince Jehoash, long hidden,
was in his seventh year produced to the
people by Jehoiada the priest. He summoned
the adherents of Jehoash to assemble at various

points, and armed the captains over hundreds
with King David's spears, which were in the
house of the Lord. He then brought forth the
royal child, and put the crown upon his head,
while all the people clapped their hands, and
cried, God save the king."
The wicked Athaliah heard the shouting,
and coming into the temple of the lord, she saw
the king standing against a pillar, while the
trumpets sounded and the people rejoiced.
Dismay in that sad moment came over her;
she rent her clothes and cried "treason," but
the people seized her by the way of the gate
of the guard to the king's house," and put her
to death. Then they went to the house of the
idol Baal, which they broke down, and all that
was in it, and they slew Mattan, the high priest
of Baal before the altars, and officers were
appointed over the house of the Lord.
Jehoash then "sat on the throne of the
kings," and commenced his reign doing that
which was right in the sight of the Lord, while
the faithful priest Jehoiada remained by his
side to teach him his duty.


F,, SIA H I A I 1 ',1

"Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness, whereof he died.
And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him."-2
KI GS, chap. xiii., verse 14.

WITH two exceptions, those of Enoch and
Elijah, all the human race, however great in
their day, were doomed to die. Elisha having
performed many wonders since the mantle of
his friend the Prophet was bequeathed to him,
now found the hour of his departure near, when
Joash, the King of Israel, went to him and
wept over his face.
Though life was fast ebbing, the spirit of the
Prophet and the love of his country were strong
in the dying Elisha. Put thine hand," said
he to the monarch, "upon the bow." Joash
questioned not the purpose of the seer, but
submissively obeyed, and then the Prophet put
his hands on those of the king.
An important and gratifying revelation was
next made by Elisha. Having directed the
king to open the window eastward, which was
done, Shoot," he cried, and the king shot
accordingly. Then the Prophet declared it to
be "The arrow of the Lord's deliverance, and

the arrow of deliverance from Syria; for,"
he added, "thou shalt smite the Syrians in
Aphek till thou have consumed them."
"Take the arrows," he then said. The king
took them, at Elisha's bidding to smite upon
the ground. And he smote thrice and stayed."
The man of God, we read, was wroth with
Joash. Thou shouldest," said he, "have
smitten the ground five or six times, then hadst
thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed it;
whereas now thou shalt smite Syria but thrice."
Elisha died, but as in dying the spirit of pro-
phecy remained to him, so when he was in the
grave his remains were distinguished from those
of common mortals. The bands of the Moa-
bites having invaded the land, we read that it
came to pass, as they were burying a man,
behold, they spied a band of men, and they
cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha; and
when the man was let down, and touched the
bones of Elisha, he revived and stood upon his
The Prophet, gifted to foresee the future and
to perform miracles, could not be spared the
necessity of death, but the virtue which re-
mained to his bones even in the grave proved
that he was not like the beasts that perish.






tl r!~





7~ \~QC
nl ~e


.Ic. 30'

"They caused their sons and their daughters to pass through
the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold
themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord."-2 KINGS,
chap. xvii., verse 17.

THE history of mankind presents a mournful
series of facts, at once ridiculous and melan-
choly. How absurd must it appear to every
child of common understanding, to learn that
grown men and women could bring themselves
to worship molten images, even two calves !"
how mournful is it to read that they sold
themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord,
to provoke him to anger."
Yet this the chosen people of God, the
Israelites, were mad and wicked enough to do.
They neglected the commandments of the
Lord, and all that he had taught them by his
prophets, and hardened their necks like to
the neck of their fathers, and did not believe
in the Lord their God." We are further
told that they rejected his statutes, and his
covenant that he made with their fathers, and
his testimonies which he made against them;
and they followed vanity, and became vain, and
VOL I. 2 A 177

went after the heathen that were round about
them. They, moreover, worshipped all the
host of heaven and served Baal."
Thus the Jews wilfully turned aside ungrate-
ful for all that the God of Israel had done for
their fathers. Their misconduct brought upon
them a heavy visitation, causing their sons and
daughters to pass through the fire, and to use
divinations and enchantments, and in fact, to
turn from the true God to worship the powers
of darkness.
Therefore we read "The Lord was very
angry with Israel: he rejected all the seed of
Israel and afflicted them, and delivered them
into the hands of spoilers, until he had cast
them out of his sight."
The dispersion of the Jews over all the
world, is regarded by many as a standing
miracle. The devout Israelite of to-day, while
reverting to the past, must often sigh for the
wanderings of his ancestors, and breathe the
lament to the Deity, so touchingly rendered by
Sir Walter Scott:-
Our fathers would not know thy ways,
And thou hast left them to their own."


,,1 c

0 0



It came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went
out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred
fourscore and five thousand; and when they arose early
in the morning, behold they were all dead corpses."-2
KINGS, chap. xix., verse 35.

THE haughty Assyrian monarch, Sennacherib,
incensed against king Hezekiah, the king of
Judah, who had risen against him anxious
to relieve his country from the thraldom of a
foreign yoke, sent a great host against Jerusa-
lem. Gold and silver were given to him,
to turn his wrath aside, but in vain. The
Assyrian messengers taunted Hezekiah with
his weakness, told him how the gods of other
lands had been incapable of protecting them,
and warned him against confiding in the God
of Israel. The servants of the King of Judah
understood the Assyrian language, and wished
the messengers of Sennacherib to converse
in it, that the men on the wall might not hear
their menaces, but this courtesy was refused,
and utter destruction to the city was threat-

King Hezekiah was much distressed, and
in this emergency sent for the prophet Isaiah,
who exhorted him, in the name of the Lord,
not to be cast down, for a heavy judgment
would fall on the Assyrians.
Sennacherib sent new messengers and a
letter to Hezekiah in the same spirit as before.
The latter went to the house of God, and
" 0 Lord God of Israel," he prayed, thou
art the God, even thou alone, of all the king-
doms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and
earth. Lord, bow down thine ear, and hear:
open, Lord, thine eyes and see: and hear the
words of Sennacherib, which hath sent him to
reproach the living God." Other lands had
fallen, whose gods were the work of men's
hands, but now the royal suppliant concluded,
" O Lord our God save thou us, that all the
kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art
the Lord God, even thou only."
After that he was again reassured by Isaiah
that the city should not fall, and that same
night the angel of the Lord smote of the Assy-
rian host a hundred and eighty-five thou-
sand men, who were all found dead in the
It was thus that Divine vengeance requited
presumptuous pride and bold impiety.
~-~v~vYvY ~LI

Dl:\Tl OF 1,XNA I 1'."1? 1,

"It came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nis-
roch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons
smote him with the sword."-2 KINGS, chap. xix., verse 37.


THE Bible in the startling history of King
Sennacherib, gives us a solemn lesson against
pride. Man, however splendid his future
destiny, while passing through this life, and
before corruption has put on incorruption,"
is a weak dependent being. Just reflection,
however exalted his lot as compared with
those about him, would not fail to teach him
that his present power, or splendour, or impor-
tance, are but momentary. His intellects may
fail, his power may cease, his splendour may
vanish in a moment, and under circum-
stances the most favourable, he cannot endure
for a very long period in this world.
The sceptred king, the burthened slave,
The humble and the haughty die,
The rich, the poor, the base, the brave,
In dust, without distinction lie."
Vain of his strength, the proud Sennacherib
had dared to say by the messengers sent from
him to Hezekiah, "Let not thy God, in whom

thou trustest, deceive thee, saying Jerusalem
shall not be delivered into the hands of the
King of Assyria." Soon he saw his strength
withered, and his army destroyed, he himself
glad to return to Nineveh.
Nor was this all, the monarch, who in the
plenitude of his fancied strength had dared
to speak scornfully of the God of Israel, after
his army had perished, humbled himself, not
before the Most High, but bowed the knee to
an idol called Nisroch. Thus was this
wretched king engaged when his own sons,
Adrammelech and Sharezer, entered the temple
of the false god, and with their swords put
an end to Sennacherib's life.
So closed Sennacherib's career: thus mad
pride and vaulting ambition" were visited.
The history of every age has furnished instances
almost as striking, in which we see, by the will
of God-
The proud are taught to taste of pain."
Hence we see it behoves those who are called
the great, and those who are looked up to as
fortunate, to put aside pride. He who does this,
and bends before his Maker with appropriate
humility, will find in that humility a source of


,l()S .l\i I1;"('1' I\ N TlltE ('OV\ NANT. .
(^t'/- /-< :* ^
C /- *-{ *f:*-l* ]- *^
s II: 1

"The king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the
Lord, to walk after the Lord, and to keep his command-
ments. And all the people stood to the covenant."--2
KINGS, chap. xxiii., verse 3.

NOT all the wonderful relations which were
made to them of the power and glorious attri-
butes of the living God, could prevail on the
Israelites totally to abandon idol worship.
Like foolish and untractable children, who
neglect their lessons and turn to their idle
games the moment the eyes of their school-
master or father are withdrawn, they, as soon
as an eminent teacher was removed by death,
fell off in the worship of the Lord.
SJosiah, King of Judah, was a good monarch.
He was but eight years old when he came
to the throne, but unlike many youthful
princes, the possession of power did not lead
him astray. He did that which was right in
the sight of the Lord," and among other things
he ordered the house of the Lord to be
thoroughly repaired.
While the masons and builders employed

were engaged on the works which had become
necessary, Hilkiah the high priest, by a happy
chance discovered the Book of the Law. On
its being reported to the king that such a
discovery had been made in the house of the
Lord, Josiah caused it to be read before him.
He was shocked at finding how the law had
been neglected, and rent his clothes in dismay,
from fear that the consequences would fall
heavily on his people. His pious alarm caused
him to receive the soothing assurance of the
prophetess Huldah, that he should not live to
see the land become a desolation and a curse,
but should be gathered to his fathers in peace.
Josiah then caused the elders of Judah
to be called together and all the people, and in
the house of the Lord he caused the words
of the Covenant to be read in their ears. Then
standing by a pillar, he made a solemn cove-
nant that he and all his people should duly
observe the law, as it was written in the book
found in the house of the Lord. The idolatrous
priests he pursued with rigour, and destroyed
the objects of their insane worship.
The Book of the Law, thus found, was pre-

1 4


~ xh


FALL ()Fi~ 8 \LEM1,

k^ '



" All the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen
and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for
war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to
Babylon."-2 KINGS, chap. xxiv., verse 16.

Now arrived the fatal day, long before an-
nounced by the prophets of Israel, when proud
Jerusalem must fall before her enemy. Her
people had been sinful, and Jehoiachin, a
vicious prince, filled the throne, doing evil
in the sight of the Lord, as his father had done
before him. When Nebuchadnezzar, the
King of Babylon made war upon and laid siege
to Jerusalem, Jehoiachin went out to the
King of Babylon with his mother, his servants,
and his princes. The Bible, however, says
nothing of his fighting men. We may there-
fore infer that he approached Nebuchadnezzar,
not as a warrior at the head of his army, but
that he ingloriously surrendered to the
Babylonian monarch.
A melancholy scene was prepared for the
humbled Jews. The proud victor seized all
the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the
treasures of the king's house, and cut in
VOL. i. 2 B 185

pieces all the vessels of gold which olomon,
King of Israel, had made in the tem le of the
Lord, as the Lord had said."
Thus we see in contempt for the vanquished,
Nebuchadnezzar wantonly destroyed the sacred
vessels which Solomon had prepared for the
temple. This sacrilegious act niust have
caused pious Hebrews to experience great afflic-
tion, but not content with that, we are told,
that "he carried away all Jerusalem, and all
the princes and all the mighty men of valour,
even ten thousand captives and all the crafts-
men and smiths." It is added, "none re-
mained, save the poorest sort of people in the
Such destruction wicked kings and wicked
people brought on the once superb city of
Jerusalem. In the ordinary course of events
severe visitations are from time to time known
in all countries, but such terrible desolation as
was in this case deplored, has rarely been wit-
nessed. The Jews had so much to be grateful
for at various periods, that when the wrath,
long provoked, at length fell on a guilty land,
its effects were such as to offer a signal solemn
warning to all the nations of the earth.


1) \\ I i)M DENFSI~\OLL:NQs~f

"He dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to
every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a
flagon of wine."-1 CHRONICLES, chap. xvi., verse 3.

THE Book of Chronicles gives us some details
connected with the bringing of the ark from the
house of Obededom, which we do not find in
the former notices of King David.
A grand spectacle celebrated its arrival.
An offering was made of seven bullocks and
seven rams. On this august occasion, David
wore an ephod of fine linen. All Israel brought
up the Ark of the covenant of the Lord with
shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and
with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a
noise with psaltery and harps. The ark was
set in the midst of a tent which had been pitched
for it, burnt sacrifices and peace offerings were
made before God, and David then blessed the
people in the name of the Lord.
Then we are further told, he dealt to every
one of Israel, both man and woman, to every
one a loaf of bread and a good piece of flesh
and a flagon of wine." When we read "to
every one of Israel," we must understand

to every one present, who wanted or would
accept the benefit. He, in this instance,
furnished an edifying example, which happily
has since his time often been followed in closing
a religious ceremony with an effort to relieve
distress. Religion never shines with more
appropriate lustre than when its solemn obser-
vances are associated with charity.
The fitness of these, was in effect long after
the time of David taught by Jesus Christ. He
showed by the whole tenor of his life, that
acts of love and mercy were best calculated to
propitiate the Almighty. Let this ever be
borne in mind by the young, as well as the
aged. Compassion is one of the distinguish-
ing peculiarities of the human race. The in-
ferior animals are for the most part incapable
of feeling it; it was reserved, at all events, in
its greatest force to give dignity to man, and
it ought to be assiduously cultivated, not only
by the pious and the serious, but-
"Let'the laughing son of mirth
Who mocks the puritan's grave tone,
Shew, if unclaimed the second birth,
That he can pity sorrow's moan."


41 ~
,; L,


y y--

^*^7- ^ '

"And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the Lord
stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn
sword in his hand stretched out over Jcrusalem."-1 CHRON-
ICLES, chap. xxi., verse 16.


KING David ordered Joab and the rulers of
Israel to make what in our time is called a
census; he wished the people over whom he
reigned, "to be numbered from Beer-Sheba
even to Dan;" Joab ventured to advise his
royal master against acting on the resolution he
had formed, but the king could not be prevailed
upon to lay it aside.
The people accordingly were numbered, and
at this, we read, God was displeased, and
"therefore he smote Israel."
Then David acknowledged that he had sinned
greatly, and besought the Most High to do
away the iniquity of his servant. His prayer
was heard, and Gad, David's seer, was ordered
by the Lord to tell the king that of three evils
he might choose one, three years of famine,
three months' discomfiture before his foes, or
three days' pestilence throughout the land.

In this mournful strait he preferred the last.
Of the evils before him, that visitation appeared
to be the least terrible. An angel was there-
upon sent to destroy the people of Jerusalem,
but while he was executing his mission the Lord
was mercifully pleased to command him to stay
his hand, and David, lifting up his eyes, "saw
the angel of the Lord standing between the
earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword
in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem."
At this appalling sight, the king and the elders,
who in token of mourning had previously clothed
themselves in sackcloth, fell on their faces, and
David humbly prayed that as he was the
offender, his people might be spared, and that
the wrath he had provoked might fall upon
him, and on his father's house alone.
The pestilence then ceased, and on the spot
where it was stayed, David, by divine com-
mand, built an altar to the Lord.
In this instance the sin of the king brought
suffering on his people. Monarchs have been
thought to represent the majesty of heaven; to
be God's vicegerents on earth. Their position
is one of awful responsibility, as misconduct
on their part causes a whole community to






r ~43
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3 I : C~
i. i".;ii. ~i
)i 1
II' a; -i r-,

*" When David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his
son king over Israel."-1 CHRONICLES, chap. xxiii., verse 1.

FEW monarchs can brook the thought of lay-
ing aside the regal power; commonly they
grasp the sceptre with increased eagerness in
old age, and even in death.
Such was not the case with David. "Full
of days," he felt that his strength failed him,
and that he could not hope to effect all he had
desired to do, and he therefore prudently
wished a young and vigorous successor to carry
out his designs, and bring to completion what
he had failed to accomplish.
Having this purpose in view, he called for
Solomon, his son, and charged him to build
an house for the Lord God of Israel."
My son," he said, it was in my mind to
build a house unto the name of the Lord my
God, but the word of the Lord came to me
saying, thou shalt not build an house unto my
name, because thou hast shed much blood upon
the earth in my sight."
The aged monarch then charged his son to

do that which he himself could not perform,
and breathed a pious hope that the Lord would
give him wisdom and understanding, and give
him charge concerning Israel, that he might
keep the law of the Lord his God. Then,"
said he, shalt thou prosper, if thou takest
heed to fulfil the statutes and judgments which
the Lord charged Moses with concerning Israel;
be strong, and of good courage, dread not, nor
be dismayed."
The counsel David gave to Solomon, when
about to place him on his throne, was such as
every king-as every father might wisely be-
stow on his future representative. Those who
would enjoy real happiness must keep the sta-
tutes of the Lord; doing this, whether filling
an exalted or a humble station, they may look
for support from above, and with reason be of
good courage, know no dread, and rest strangers
to dismay.
Weakness and ignorance complain of the
duties imposed upon them; the wise know
there is no greater enjoyment than that which
the heart feels when duty has been faithfully


D.\1) \PH'I' TI NG,1 HIVII 1 1 %it \ SIC V s

"David and the captains of the host separated to the service of
the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who
should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cym-
bals."-1 CHRONICLES, chap. xxv.,'verse 1.

THE history of David's appointment of musi-
cians and prophets as set forth in the book of
Chronicles, opens to us an interesting view of
the course of education which in ancient days
had obtained in the Hebrew nation.
Some learned men have maintained that
poetry is more ancient than prose. By this
they meant not to contend, that men, women
and children engaged in the ordinary concerns
of life, talked in verse; but were of opinion that
in connexion with public observances, at their
feasts, sacrifices, and great assemblies, that
which was necessary to be imparted was given
by Priests and others in the earlier ages in a
poetical form. "All science human and divine,"
says a modern writer "seems to have been
deposited in the treasury of the Muses," and
Bishop Lowth considers this to have been "the
only mode of instruction adapted to human.
VOL. I. 2 c 193

nature in an uncivilised state." It was sup-
posed that precepts delivered in poetry, and
associated with music, would captivate the ear
and make a lasting impression. The solemn
truths intended to be perpetuated, once com-
mitted to memory, were less liable to be cor-
rupted and varied than if simply expressed in
prose, the vulgar tongue of the day.
But David in regulating and appointing the
sons of Asaph, it will be noted, set apart some
who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries
and with cymbals. In those days it was com-
mon to bring up youths to study prophecy as a
branch of learning, and when their education
was complete, devoted solely to religious exer-
cises, they offered themselves as candidates for
the prophetic professorship or office. Their
duty was to hymn the praises of the Almighty,
and thus devoutly occupied they became more
holy than the rest of the sons of men.
Poetry, music, and prophecy we find were
united in the celebrations of the Jews. To this
day the two former assist the worship of most
Christian congregations. They not only relieve
services which to some minds would be found
wearisome, but they kindle a gentle enthusiasm
which elevates the thoughts and fills the heart
with solemn joy.

;f~ '

SHe built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities."-
2 CHRONICLEs, chap. viii., verse 4.

SoLMON is known to most young readers as
the wisest man. Would they know in what
his wisdom was greatly conspicuous? It was
in this:-he was a lover of peace.
To David it was not given to erect the temple
of the Lord, because he was stained with blood.
That happiness was reserved for Solomon.
Though not without his failings the son of
David constantly sought to exalt the glory of
Israel, by cultivating the arts of peace.
He had reigned twenty years, and besides
completing the temple, had erected a kingly
residence, when he turned his mind not to
conquering cities but to building them. We
indeed collect that he had some cause of strife
with Hamath-zobah, for he marched thither
and prevailed against it. Then it was in the
day of his success, that he built Tadmor in the
wilderness and all the store cities.
By "store cities" we perhaps may conclude
that places in which provisions were reserved

to be resorted to in case of famine, or some
other public calamity are meant. To form such
establishments was a most important pre-
caution; several cities Solomon seems to have
raised as a rampart to guard the rest of his
dominions against a sudden irruption from an
enemy. Thus we are told he built "Beth-
horon the upper and Beth-horon the nether,
fenced cities with walls, gates, and bars." Other
places are mentioned as being "the chariot
cities and the cities of the horsemen."
It was thus that the wisest of mankind aimed
at promoting the welfare of his people, and
gained for himself undying renown. He seems
not to have coveted the stormy joy of victory.
He knew that-
"Reason frowns on war's unequal game,
Where thousands bleed to raise a single name;"
and this led him to prefer the triumphs of
industry to those of valour; this made him
solicitous to give peace to the children of
Israel, and this caused him to build Tadmor in
the wilderness.


AW ;

"When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she
came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem,
with a very great company."-2 CHRONICLES, chap. ix.,
verse 1.

WHEN letters were but little known, when
the means of diffusing knowledge were few, and
the mass of mankind was much less informed
than at present, men of shining parts were
perhaps more conspicuous than they could be
in a more polished age. Eminent men were
almost deified, and after death were absolutely
worshipped. The wisdom which Solomon had
displayed and the wealth and power which he
possessed, gave him great fame, and this induced
the queen of Sheba to visit Jerusalem. She
went in proud state, largely attended, and taking
with her "camels that bare spices and gold in
abundance, and precious stones."
Having communed with the king of Israel,
and seen the houses which he had built, and the
splendour in which he lived, "and his ascent
by which he went up into the house of the
Lord," she was so amazed that it almost took

her senses away; in the words of Scripture
" there was no more spirit in her."
Recovering from her surprise she declared
that all she had heard of him fell far short of the
truth; and happy, said she, are thy men, and
happy are these thy servants which stand con-
tinually before thee and hear thy wisdom."
The compliment was no ordinary one, yet it
was not extravagant. Solomon was beyond all
doubt a wise prince, and his royal visitor in
the exclamation above quoted, only showed a
just appreciation of his character and a capacity
for reducing the greatest of all earthly advan-
tages. Happy, indeed, are they who can hear
the language of wisdom, of true wisdom-which,
while it gives comfort to the heart of the
sojourner on earth, prepares the humble but
aspiring spirit for the unfading glories of
Let the aged, as well as the young, imitate
Solomon in praying to be endowed with wis-
dom from above.



mr l z

- ,5I,01I,


V-75:4 ~.,


"King Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute;
and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he
died."-2 CHRONICLES, chap. x., verse 18.

WISE fathers have too often foolish sons. The
expenses attendant on building the temple and
the other great works accomplished by king
Solomon, notwithstanding the general prosperity
which marked his reign, caused some of his
people to complain, of the burdens imposed,
and when his son Rehoboam had succeeded to
the throne, they made application to him for
relief. He first applied to the old men who had
stood by his father for their advice, and they
wisely counselled him to use his subjects kindly,
telling him in that case, they would be his
servants for ever.
It is to be presumed that he set little value
on their opinion, for he next applied to the
young men "who had been brought up with
him," and they flattered his pride by recom-
mending him to use severity, and to tell those
who had claimed relief that far from granting
what they asked, he would compel them to pay

more than had been previously demanded; he
would increase their burdens so largely that
"his little finger should be thicker than his
father's loins."
Rehoboam rashly acted on the extravagant
ideas of his youthful companions, and the bad
effects of their pernicious counsel were soon
visible. When his subjects found that he would
not listen to their prayer, they indignantly
asked "what inheritance have we in the house
of Jesse?" They raised the cry, "every man to
your tents,. O Israel," adding the threat, and
now David see to thine own house."
Rehoboam heeded not these signs, but obsti-
nately persevered. Hadoram, who presided over
the tribute or taxes, was sent among the people
to enforce the king's demand, when they rose
tumultuously against him, and not only refused
compliance, but stoned him to death.
Israel rebelled, and refused longer to acknow-
ledge the house of David, and the pride of Re-
hoboam was severely chastised. The authority
of good kings all good men join to respect, but
when those who should be as fathers to their
people degenerate into tyrants, resistance is just,
and if the consequences are sad, the blame
must fall on the foolish Princes who forget their


"The children of Israel fled before Judah: and God delivered
them into their hands. And Abijah and his people slew
them with a great slaughter."-2 CHRONICLES, chap. xiii.,
verses 16, 17.

SHISHAK king of Egypt, in consequence of the
vices of Rehoboam, was permitted to humble
the unworthy son of Solomon and to despoil
Jerusalem. When Rehoboam died his son
Abijah ascended the throne, and proved himself
a true worshipper of the God of Abraham,
Isaac, and Jacob.
But the throne of Israel was possessed by
Jeroboam, and war broke out between him and
The hostile armies were arrayed against
each other and ready to engage, when Abijah
" standing upon mount Zemaraim which is on
mount Ephraim," called to Jeroboam, and
reminded him that God had given the kingdom
of Israel to David for ever; he reproved the
Israelites for worshipping golden calves, and
for the abuses which degraded their priesthood,
and finally, in the spirit of peace, he solemnly
VOL I. 2 D 201

admonished Jeroboam, saying, "Behold God
himself is with us for our captain, and his
priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm
against you. O children of Israel fight not
against the Lord God of your fathers, for you
shall not prosper."
The wicked are not easily turned from their
evil ways. Jeroboam heeded not the voice of
Abijah, but confident in his own strength, and
in an ambush which he had artfully prepared,
expected to gain a great victory. The battle
began, and the men of Judah found themselves
at once attacked in their front and in their
rear. It was a moment of extreme peril, and
the people of Abijah called upon the Lordh
They shouted, and the mighty arm of the
Omnipotent stretched forth to save them,
smote Jeroboam and all Israel. In that awful
day, we read that five hundred thousand chosen
men of Israel, were numbered with the dead.
It is thus that in numerous instances God
has been pleased to humble the proud before
those over whom they fondly hoped to triumph.
Let the possessor of power remember God can
withdraw it from him i. a moment; let the
humble in the hour of danger call upon the
Mighty One, who will not suffer the weak to
appeal to him in vain.


~I T

"The king of Israel said, Take ye Micaiah, and carry him back
to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's
son; and say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the
prison."-2 CHRONIcLas, chap. xviii., verses 25, 26.

THE prophets of old who predicted happy events,
when that which they had foretold came to
pass, were largely rewarded. Hence some of
them to gain royal favour, pretended to have
revelations of the will of heaven which in truth
they had not. Their guesses, however, pleased
the king who listened to them for the moment
and if not falsified by events, would in the end
prove a source of profit.
Micaiah was really what many pretended to
be, one to whom the power of announcing
coming events had been given by the Almighty.
When Ahab and Jehoshaphat contemplated
acting against the king of Syria, certain pro-
phets attended and declared that if they ad-
vanced to Ramoth-gilead, God would deliver it
into their hands.
Jehoshaphat the king of Judah doubted the
prophecies of these courtly seers, and asked if

there were not a prophet of the Lord besides,
of whom they could inquire. The reply of Ahab
was, that there was indeed one man, but he
hated him, for he never prophesied good.
This man was Micaiah, and he, by desire of the
king of Judah, was now called, and exhorted by
the messenger sent for him to concur with the
others. The determined answer of Micaiah was,
"as the Lord liveth, even what my God saith
that will I speak."
Faithful to his word and to duty, when he
stood before the king he denounced the false
prophets, and declared that they were animated
by a lying spirit. One of them named Zede-
kiah, incensed at this, smote Micaiah on the
cheek, and sneeringly asked which way went
the spirit of the Lord from me to speak unto
thee?" "Behold," replied the prophet of God,
"thou shalt see on that day when thou shalt go
into an inner chamber to hide thyself."
The king of Israel then commanded that
Micaiah should be sent to prison, there to be fed
with the bread and water of affliction. It was
soon seen that Micaiah was a true prophet.
A battle was fought in which the king of Israel
received a mortal wound. The false prophets
were thus put to shame, and the prophet of the
Lord memorably vindicated.



"Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son
of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that
were slain."-2 CHRONICLES, chap. xxii., verse 11.

IN the narrations of the destruction of the temple
of Baal, it has been seen that queen Athaliah
was a very wicked woman. The second Book
of Chronicles gives some facts connected with
her story, which do not appear in the former
notice. She was rendered furious by the death
of her son Ahaziah, who having been found
hidden in Samaria, was brought to Jehu, and
then slain and buried, because he was said to be
"the son of Jehoshaphat who sought the Lord
with all his heart."
Ahaziah, however, did not resemble Jehosha-
phat in seeking the Lord. On the contrary
he walked in the. ways of the house of Ahab,
for "his mother was his counsellor to do
But though she was a bad woman, she might
be greatly afflicted at the death of her son.
Mothers, however depraved in their general con-
duct, are often devotedly fond of their children.

The God of nature has so firmly established
maternal love in a woman's heart, that vice
itself can hardly eradicate it.
Feelings which in a virtuous mind would have
prompted gentleness and pity, moved Athaliah
to awful deeds of blood. She conceived the
murderous design of destroying all the royal
children of the house of Judah, and she accom-
plished her detestable object with one exception,
that of the infant Joash.
No doubt it was her intention to kill him also,
but Jehoshabeath (she is called Jehosheba in
other places) took pity on him. She withdrew
him from among the king's sons that were slain,
and put him and his nurse in a bed chamber.
There this lady, who was the wife of the priest
Jehoiada, concealed the infant, and in the house
of God he remained for six years.
The saving of Joash proved in the end fatal
to the murderess. Thus those who plunge into
crime accomplish enough to secure their own
ultimate ruin, but failing in a single instance,
they lose the immediate prize which had
dazzled and deluded them, and to secure which
they had not feared to offend the majesty of



"She looked, the behold, the king stood at his pillar: and all
the people of the land rejoiced."-2 CHRONICLES, chap.
xxiii., verse 13.

JEHOIADA, the good priest, to whose care the
little boy Joash had been entrusted by the kind
lady who had snatched him from death, watched
carefully over him while he remained in the
house of the Lord. Not only did he take care
that the royal child should be properly fed and
attended to, but he laboured to place him on
the throne of his fathers, his right by birth.
Joash had entered his seventh year when the
priest thought fit to make the last great effort
in his behalf. Athaliah had caused herself to
be proclaimed queen, and little suspected what
was going on against her interest. Jehoiada
having duly armed all his friends, produced on a
certain day the young prince to them, placed a
crown of gold on his head, and they joyously
and loyally greeted him with shouts of God
save the king."
The sound of their rejoicing reached the ears
of Athaliah, yet still she was at a loss to guess
what it meant, and in this state of doubt she

directed her steps to the temple. There she
saw a sight which filled her with anger and
dismay. She beheld the king who "stood at
his pillar at the entering in, and the princes
and the trumpets by the king: and all the
people of the land rejoiced and sounded with
trumpets, also the singers, with instruments of
music, and such as taught to sing praise."
This was a spectacle which might well shock
a proud woman, who had not scrupled to stain
her hands with blood, that she might sit upon
a throne. She saw her reign was over, and
trembled for what was to follow. In the
anguish of despair the wicked queen tore her
clothes, and cried aloud, "Treason treason."
Too late the sinful Athaliah found that
though crime may triumph for a season, there
is a God of justice who beholds all the dwellers
upon earth, and who permits vice for a time to
triumph, that its ultimate fall mav be the
greater and the more deplorable.


Till" 1)1 \ III ( I" A IO LI \I


"They laid hands on her; and when she was come to the
entering of the horse-gate by the king's house, they slew
her there."-2 CHRONICLES, xxiii., verse 15.


WHEN those who have been sovereigns are
deposed, when they see their sceptre transferred
to other hands, it has been often remarked they
may not unreasonably conclude that death is
near at hand. So it proved in the case of
Athaliah, as mentioned in the history of the
destruction of Baal's temple.
It was in vain that on seeing Joash greeted
as king she shouted treason. The people armed
by Jehoiada, were resolved to defend their young
monarch. None appeared disposed to take her
part. At a word or a signal from the priest,
" the captains of hundreds that were over the
host" appeared, and Jehoiada then directing
their attention to the murderess Athaliah, said
to them "Have her forth of the ranges: and
whoso followeth her, let him be slain with the
sword." For the queen herself, he added,
" Slay her not in the house of the Lord."
How sad! how awful was that moment!
The shedder of human blood now saw that her
VOL. I. 2 E 209

turn was come to suffer. She could murder
helpless children without pity or remorse, and
truly dismal and horrid must the prospect of
the grave have been to one so degraded by
Athaliah could not escape from those who
were prepared to take her life. She could not
hope to wake compassion in their hearts;
nothing remained for her but to submit to the
fate she had so much reason to dread.
And accordingly we find that when she had
reached the entering of the horse-gate by the
king's house," a spot on which no doubt grand
cavalcades and joyous groups had often met her
in the day of her pride, she was seized and put
to death.
In this world divine justice is often seen to
strike the sinner, when its approach is least
suspected. Providence is especially watchful to
punish the crime of murder, and cruel kings
pass not to their tomb in peace. Like Athaliah
such great offenders have often been doomed to
expiate their misdeeds with their blood.


CO 1, 1, E I' I ON

"The king called for Jehoiada the chief, and said unto him, Why
hast thou not required of the Levites to bring in out of
Judah and out of Jerusalem the collection, according to the
commandmenit of Mbses the servant of the Lord."-2 CaRo-
NICLES, chap. xxiv., verse 6.

IN the earlier period of Jewish history, while
yet the Israelites were wanderers in the wil-
derness, an impost or collection had been
claimed by Moses, to keep the house of the
Lord in repair, and to maintain those who minis-
tered therein. During the reign of Athaliah,
this had been neglected, or the money so raised
had not been properly applied. The house of
God had even been broken up, and the conse-
crated vessels, used for purposes of idolatry, had
been "bestowed upon Baalim."
To put a stop to this evil, king Joash now
called upon the venerable priest Jehoiada, to see
the money duly collected, and put in a chest
which he caused to be made. This was done,
and masons and carpenters, and those who
wrought in iron and brass were employed to
renew the building. It was completely restored,

and the people rejoiced to see the pious worship
of their forefathers again solemnly performed.
Israel in the renovation of the house of the
lord felt itself renewed as in its earlier and
better days. Well might the people exult in
this holy triumph.
This was the last great work of Jehoiada, who
now growing old and "full of days," being a hun-
dred and thirty years of age, was called away.
He died rejoicing in the thought that he had
fulfilled his duty to his sovereign and his God.
Happy is the man who, living in eventful
times, is enabled thus gloriously, to perform
deeds of such high merit. For him death can
have no terrors. The approach of his last hour
brings with it no appalling horror. He feels
that he is not sinking to the earth in mournful
decay, but visions of undying felicity assure
him, that he is ripening for heaven.



S"They (the people) conspired against him, and stoned him with
stones at the commandment of the king."-2 CHRONICLES,
chap. xxiv., verse 6.

WHEN the virtuous priest Jehoiada was no more,
the princes of Judah gained the favour of king
Joash. They gave him evil counsel, and he
turned to that sinful idolatry which in his
younger days he had zealously and successfully
laboured to repress.
Zechariah the son of Jehoiada, saw with
sorrow the king and his people act thus
wickedly. God sent them prophets, but the
hardened sinners would not attend to them.
Then it was that Zechariah, animated by the
spirit of God, boldly admonished and told them,
" Thus saith God, why transgress ye the com-
mandments of the Lord that ye cannot prosper ?
Because ye have forsaken the Lord, he hath
also forsaken you."
Far from repenting what they had done, the
timely warning was despised, and the people
conspired against Zechariah and stoned him to
death, by command of the king, in the court of
the house of the Lord.

It was a scene of dreadful profanation. The
house of God was stained with the blood of
his faithful servant. Joash forgetful of duty,
remembered not how Jehoiada protected him in
his helpless infancy, and requited the kindness
of the father by dooming the son, in all respects
worthy of him, to a cruel death.
The dying Zechariah declared in his last
moments that "the Lord would look upon the
murderous deed, and requite it."
His words were soon fulfilled. A small army
of Syrians overthrew the host of Judah because
they had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers.
Miserable disease attacked the wretched king,
who had fallen from virtue, and finally his
servants, avenged Zechariah, by slaying Joash
in his bed.
In the mournful story of this king we see a
man great and happy while he remained good.
When in evil hour he yielded to vice, and
acted with base ingratitude, he was justly
punished with deep humiliation, miserable dis-
ease, and a violent death.



N' .

"All the priests looked upon him, and, behold, he was leprous
n his forehead, and they thrust him out."-2 CHRONICLES,
chap. xxvi., verse 20

PLACED on the throne, when but sixteen years
of age, king Uzziah favoured by the Most High,
was for a time successful in war, and still more
happy, he improved victory, by advantageously
cultivating the arts of peace. He built towers,
he dug wells, he had much cattle, and his vine
dressers were employed in the mountains and
in Carmel, for he loved husbandry.
But man, unhappily, when most favoured, is
almost always found thankless to the hand
which exalted. He forgets the mercies ex-
tended to him, he forgets the dependent con-
dition of all mortals; foolish pride swells his
heart and prepares the way for his downfall.
So it fared with Uzziah. The Bible tells
us that "his heart was lifted up to his destruc-
tion, and he transgressed against the Lord his
Presuming on his high rank, the monarch
went into the temple of the Lord to burn in-
cense. Such an act he had no authority to

perform. It was especially reserved to the
priests who were consecrated to God, and the
interference of the king with their solemn duties
was a gross profanation. They accordingly
remonstrated with him, they called on him to
go out of the sanctuary.
Indignant at receiving such a reproof he was
slow to attend to it, and while expressing the
wrath which it had called forth, he seems to
have been still bent on completing the act of
burning incense on the altar, when he was sud-
denly struck with leprosy.
The priests he had outraged looked on him
with surprise. In the state to which he was
now reduced by a dreadful disease, he was still
more unfit to remain. They forcibly thrust
him out. Humbled, by this visitation he
desired to withdraw, that he might hide his
affliction and shame from every eye. He re-
mained a leper till the day of his death, and
while he lived cut off from the house of the
Lord, he .saw himself deprived of the kingly
power, and his son reigned in his stead.
The ceremonies of religion are not to be
trifled with. It is only for those who have been
duly called and solemnly ordained to assume
the august functions of the ministers of God.


'1111 ( 1T I~) I fF' 1 I)H \Ij 'F {:I'J \INI)Ji
I] I I Ij' Sl j,1 lIK

"The men which were expressed by name rose up, and took the
captives, and with the spoil clothed all that were naked
among them, and arrayed them, and shod them, and gave
them to eat and to drink."-2 CHRONICLES, chap. xxviii.
verse 15.

SUCH is the proneness of mankind to sin, that
Sin all ages of the world, brother has risen
against brother, and cruel wars have spread
desolation far and wide, where God and nature
had placed within view of the combatants the
strongest inducements to live in union, peace,
and charity.
The Israelites became the foes of the children
of Judah, and triumphed over them in battle.
Returning from the strife they brought many
captives with them, but certain of the heads of
the house of Ephraim objected to their being
detained. They interfered in consequence of a
solemn admonition which they had received
from a prophet of the Lord, whose name was
Oded," the Lord God of their fathers, he said,
had been "wroth with Judah," and had de-
vOL I. 2F 217

livered the men of Judah into their hands,
but now he called upon them to deliver the
His words, and the wish expressed by the
children of Ephraim, had such an effect, that
the armed men left the captives and the spoil
before the princes and all the congregation.
Subsequently, becoming still more kind, they
took the captives, and with the spoil clothed all
that were naked among them, and gave them to
eat and to drink, and anointed them, and carried
all the feeble of them upon asses to Jericho,
the city of palm trees, to their brethren.
The glory of a conqueror is never so great as
when it is associated with the gentler emotions
of humanity. Worldly policy to the observant
victor would suggest moderation in the day oI
success. Almost all the renowned warriors in
ancient and in modern times, have known their
season of adversity, discomfiture, and humilia-
tion. How greatly must the horrors of defeat
be aggravated by the recollection of past
cruelty. It was a prophet of the Lord who
wisely moved the Israelites to treat their
vanquished brethren with kindness. It was
Swell suggested, and the suggestion was well
responded to, "Blessed are the merciful ,for
they shall find mercy."


^ v^ ^^

OF THE 1,01M.

'I 'I

9MA t

"Ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of
the Lord."-2 CHRONICLES, chap. xxix., verse 5.

NoT all the judgments they had witnessed, nor
all the mercies extended to them, could induce
the wrong-headed Israelites to offer appropri-
ate homage to the God of their fathers, for
a very lengthened period. The temple of the
Lord, it appears, had been neglected, before
Hezekiah succeeded to the throne, but when
he became king, he opened the doors of the
house of the Lord, and repaired them; the
priests and the Levites he next assembled in
the east street, and there addressing them, said,
"Hear, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and
sanctify the house of the Lord God of your
fathers, and carry forth the filthiness out of the
holy place."
The king spake further on the solemn ob-
servances of Jewish worship, which had been
neglected, which he told them had brought the
wrath of the Lord upon Judah and Jerusalem,

had caused their fathers to fall by the sword.
and their daughters and wives to be led into
He now, at the commencement of his reign,
called upon them to sanctify themselves, as it
was in his heart to make a covenant with the
Lord God of Israel, that his former wrath
might be turned away from the nation.
The words of Hezekiah were not uttered in
vain. The Levites hastened to sanctify them-
selves, and then proceeded to cleanse the temple.
This occupied them more than a fortnight, after
which solemn sacrifices, burnt-offerings, drink-
offerings, peace-offerings, and thank-offerings
were made, and Hezekiah rejoiced when the
ceremonies concluded, that God had prepared
his people for such a change.
When men approach the house of God they
ought to endeavour so to sanctify themselves
as not to fear the penetrating glance of an all-
seeing eye. They should act as if the words
of Hezekiah were addressed to them: "My
sons be not now negligent, for the Lord hath
chosen you to stand before him to serve him."


TfilE 1IM&E, 01 C,01) PLVtNDEBEI) AND
I -F, 1 ) L' 11(YrTIl

IB -Ii. V I ) F V li F,

I 'll I 'N'N V
V.X 'IV" j

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