Front Cover
 Officers and representatives of...
 President's message by A....
 Overprints of General Wrangel in...
 The Liady messenger post issue...
 Tannou Touva - a survey by A. Cronin...
 Letter from the theatre of war-caucasus...
 Russia. specimen stamps by J. V....
 Additional postmarks of Russian...
 Notes on Mongolia by G. S. Russell,...
 The soviet censorship in Roumania...
 Anglo-Soviet-Persian censorship...
 OKCA and North-West Army by A....
 Retouch of the 10 rouble arms type...
 Inverted backgrounds on postal...
 Prominent retouch on 35k. arms...
 100th anniversary of Russia #1...
 Addenda to railway postmarks of...
 Regular postage stamp issues of...
 Catalogue of Russian vignettes,...
 Post cards of the Russian Empire...
 Zemstvo stamps omitted by Churchin,...
 New soviet issue dedicated to the...
 Philatelic adventures in Europe...
 Notes from collectors by Dr. A....
 Expertization committee of Rossica...
 Stamps of the Russian Eempire used...
 The evolution of prices of Russian...
 Caspary Auction by Dr. G....
 Additional Notes on the goss sale...
 Overprints of General Wrangel in...
 Notes from collectors (continued...
 Editorial comments on "Phantasies"...


Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00020235/00026
 Material Information
Title: Journal of the Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Physical Description: no. in v. : illus. ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Rossica Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Creation Date: 1958
Publication Date: [n.d.]
Frequency: unknown
Subjects / Keywords: Stamp collecting -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Postage-stamps -- Periodicals -- Russia   ( lcsh )
Stamp collections -- Russia   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
Funding: Made available to the University of Florida Digital Collections under special distribution agreement with the <a href="http://www.rossica.org">Rossica Society</a>.
 Record Information
Source Institution: <a href="http://www.rossica.org">Rossica Society</a> Library.
Holding Location: <a href="http://www.rossica.org">Rossica Society</a> Library.
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAB2397
lccn - 59037768
issn - 0035-8363
System ID: UF00020235:00026

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Officers and representatives of the society, honorary members
        Page 2
    President's message by A. A. Chebotkevitch
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Overprints of General Wrangel in Crimea and Constantinople by A. M. Rosselevitch (continued on page 71)
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    The Liady messenger post issue of 1941 by Dr. C. de Stackelberg
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Tannou Touva - a survey by A. Cronin and W. S. E. Stephen (continued from #53, page 18)
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Letter from the theatre of war-caucasus k854 by K. Adler
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Russia. specimen stamps by J. V. Stuart
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Additional postmarks of Russian troops in France 1916-17 and postmarks of a Russian unit in France by J. Posell
        Page 22
    Notes on Mongolia by G. S. Russell, A. Rosselevitch, S. D. Tchilinghirian, and Dr. G. B. Salisbury
        Page 23
        Page 24
    The soviet censorship in Roumania 1945-46 by A. Cronin
        Page 25
    Anglo-Soviet-Persian censorship by R. Sklarevski
        Page 25
    OKCA and North-West Army by A. Rosselevitch
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Retouch of the 10 rouble arms type stamps by Dr. C. de Stackelberg
        Page 30
        Page 31
    Inverted backgrounds on postal savings and control stamps by R. Sklarevski
        Page 32
    Prominent retouch on 35k. arms type by A. Cronin
        Page 33
    100th anniversary of Russia #1 by A. A. Chebotkevich
        Page 33
    Addenda to railway postmarks of Imperial Russia by K. Adler
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Regular postage stamp issues of USSR by K. Adler. Corrections and clarifications. Journals 49/50 and 54
        Page 37
    Catalogue of Russian vignettes, part III. Phantasies by E. Marcovitch
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Post cards of the Russian Empire by R. Sklarevski (continued from no. 54, page 38)
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    Zemstvo stamps omitted by Churchin, by N. Matishev (continued from no. 54, page 51)
        Page 52
    New soviet issue dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Russian stamps (1858-1958) by Kurt Adler
        Page 54
        Page 55
    Philatelic adventures in Europe - 1957, part II by J. Posell
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Notes from collectors by Dr. A. H. Wortman, A. M. Rosselevitch, J. Barry, E. Collins, K. Adler, R. Sklarevski, T. Gryzewski, L. R. Tippie, V. Domanski, and A. Prado (continued on page 76)
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    Expertization committee of Rossica society
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Stamps of the Russian Eempire used abroad, part III : Persia, Khanates of Bukara and Khiva, Sin-Kiang, reviewed by Dr. G. B. Salisbury
        Page 67
        Page 68
    The evolution of prices of Russian stamps by W. Frauenlob
        Page 69
    Caspary Auction by Dr. G. B. Salisbury
        Page 70
    Additional Notes on the goss sale by Dr. G. B. Salisbury
        Page 70
    Overprints of General Wrangel in Crimea and Constantinople (continued from page 12)
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
    Notes from collectors (continued from page 64)
        Page 76
        Page 77
    Editorial comments on "Phantasies" by E. Marcovitch
        Page 78
Full Text

of the



Silver Medals at Belgrade National Exhibition "Zefib 1937"and
the International Exhibition, Koenigsberg "Ostropa 1935"
Bronze Medals at the International Exhibition "Raia 1935"and
Vienna International Exhibition"WIPA 1933"
Recent International Awards:
Silver Medals at Berlin.Bephila 1957", Parana,"Eficon 1958"
and Buenos Aires,"Temex 1958"

No.55 1958

Dr. Gregory B. Salisbury
49th and Locust Streets
Philadelphia 39, Pa., U. S. A.

"EDITCR IN CHIEF Dr. G, B. .. abury :

A. A. Chobotkovitch :K. Adlor E. Marcovitch E. L. Wisewell, Jr.
A. Rosselevitch

Page a
2 Officers & Representatives of the Society, Honorary Mombors.
3 Presidontts Message. A. A. Chebotkevitch,
4 Editorial.
5 -12 Overprints of General Wrangel in Crimea & Constantinople. A. Y. Rossele-
vitch. Continued on Paqn 71
13-14 The Liady Messenger Post Issue of 1941. Dr. C. de Stackelborg.
15-17 Tannou Tota A Survoy. A. Cronin &YW. S. E. Stoipaen Continued from #i3,
JPe 18. .To be continued.

17-20 Letter from the Theatre of War-Caucasus k854. K. Adler.
20-21 Russia. Spocimen Stamps. J. V. Stuart.
22 Additional Postmarks of Russian Troops in France 1916-17 and Postmarks oi
a Kussian Unit in France. J. Posell,
23-24 Notes on Mongolia* GC So Russell, A. Rosselevitch, S. D. Tchilinghiriarn
and Dr. G, B. Salislury. .
25 The Soviet Censcrship in Roumniaa 1945-46. A. Cronin.
25 Anglo-Goviet-Brsian Censorship. R. Sklarevd
26-29 (CA and North-West Army. A. Rosselevitch.
30-32 Retouch of the 10 Rouble Arms Type Stamps. 'Dr. C. de Stackelberg.
32 Inverted Backgrounds on Postal Savings & Cortrol'Stamps. R. Sklarevaki.
33 Prominent Retouch on 35k. :Aims Typ. A. Cronin.
34 100th. Anniversary of Russia #1. A. A. Chebctkevich.
35-37 Addenda to Railway Postmarks of Imperial Russia.' K. Adler.
38 Regular Postage Stamp Issues of USSR. K Adler, CRRECTIONS & CLLRIFICA-
TI ,. Journals 49/50 and 54.
39-46 Catalogue of Russian Vignettes. PartIII. Phantasies. E. Marcovitch.
(To be continued).
47--. Post Cards of the Russian Empire, R. Sklarovski, Cont. from #54. Page 3.
92.- -Zemstvo Stamps Omitted by Chubhin. N. MatisheVo Cont. from #5. Page ,.
54-6b' New Soviet Issue Dedicated to the 100th. Anniversary of the Russian Stemre
(1858-1958). Kiut'Adler.
56-58 Philatelic Adventures in Europe 1957. PIrt II Jo Posell.
58-64 Notes frpm Collectors. Dr. A.. Wortman, Ai M. Rosselevitch, J. Barry,
E. Collins, K. Adler, R. Sklarevdcij T. Gryzewki, L. Ro Tipple, V. Domar.-,:.
and A. Prado, Continued on PaRe 76 -
65-66 Expertization Coimittoe of Rossica.
67-68 Stamps of the Russian Empire Used Abroad Part III. Porsia, Khanates )
Bukhara & Khiva, Sin-Kiang. Reviewed by Dr. G. B, Salisbury.
69-70 The Evolution of Prices of Russian Stamps, W. Frauenlob.
70 Caspery Auction. Dr. G. B. Salisbury
70 Additional Notes on the Goss Sale. Dr. G. B. Salisbury.
71-76 Overprints of Goneral Wrangel in Crimea & Constantinople. Cont. from P, 1J.
-77 Notes from Colloctors. Cont. from Pago 6A.
78 -Editorial Ccmnmnts on "Fhantasios" by E. Marccv-tch#


PRESIDENT A. A. Chebotkevitch II Cloront Strooet:: Cove, New York.
SECRETARY Russian Speaking Section A. N. Lavrov.
SECRETARY English Speaking Section Dr. G. B, Salis: -ry.


A. A. Chebotkevitch V. A. Rachmanoff H. M. Shenitz
N. I. Kordakov A. M. Rosselevitch R. A. Sklarevski
A. N. Lavrov Dr. G. B. Salisbury V. P. Cerny
E. I. Marcovitch N. V. Savitzky J. Rubach


NEW YREK GROUP V. Cerny 91-15, 68th Avenue, Forest Hills, Long-Island, N. Y.
WESTERN U.S. L. S. Glass P.O. Box 36646, Wilshire La Brea Station,
Los Angeles 36, California.
GREAT BRITAIN J. Barry 77A St. James Road, Sutton, Surrey, England.
BELGIUM I, Braunstein 6, rue Mignot Delstanche, Yxelles, Bruxelles,
GERMANY Dr. B, Woropinsky OLpenestrasse 364, Koln-Merheim, Germany,
U. S. Zone.
ISRAEL A. Trumpeldor Arba Artzot 25, Tel Aviv, Israel.
FR. MOROCCO V. N. BUTKOV 49 Rue Laperouse, Casablanca, Fr. Morocco
CANADA G. Rozday Woda 29 Lyon Avenue, Toronto 10, Ontario, Canada.
VENEZUELA E. E. Marcovitch Edif. "Camuri" Apto. No. 25, Callo Real de
Sabana Grande, Caracas, Venezuela.
BRAZIL P. Beloff Rua Pedrozo 238, Caixa Post 2960, San Paulo,
A. Vansovich c/.o.. Livraria Freitas'Bc tes, Caixa Postal 899,
Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. RIO DE JMT R.' REGION.
ARGENTINA B. Riasnianski Larrazabal 2870 Buen;., -res, Argentina. -
FRANCE A. Liashenko 1 Rue du Bocage, .Paris 15, France.
AUSTRALIA V Tvelkmeyer 45 Garnerts Ave., 'Marrickville, Sydney,
N.S.iT., Australia..

RIembership dues are $3.00 per aninum for all countries. Application
forms, which must be filled outj, aie available upon request. Journal' membership
lists, code, bulletins, and supplements to membership will be sent out anriualy:.
Please make check payable to A. N. Lavrov instead of Dr. G. B. Salisbury or R6ssic.

We .welcome. advertisements .from members, non members and dealers.
Full page %30.00. Half page $15.00. Quarter Page $7.50. Telfth of a page $o,50,
(5 lines). Members of Rossica pay only 50% of the cost. With a discount The cost
per line to members is only.25 .cents. By helping yourself, you also help us.

Page 2 #55.

: S

by A.A. Chebotkevieh

First of :all I wish to congratulate the Editor and the Staff for
winning three top medals, -all silver, within.a year, at three international
exhibitions. Considering that four years ago we had only a one or two
page Bulletin, the progress is amazing. The growth of the journal produced
a tripling of membership, world wide coverage, and many advantages for the

Another editor of a large publication has been added to our midst,
already strengthened by Editors Charlotte N. Downs of STAMPS and Harry
Weiss, of EEKLY PHILLTELIC GOSSIP. Our newcomer is James Negus, Editor
of the Journal of CHINESE fPILATELY, formerly the China Sectibn Bulletin,
He is also on the.editorial staff of the Journal of JP.S. of London. He
has already promised our Editor many articles dealing with the philatell.
cally interesting issues of Mongolia, Manchuria, Tannu Touva, and other
areas in the field common to both ourselves and to the China specialists..

We wish to welcome President of the Lith; ... Philatelic Society wh(.
has become our member. Mr. Joseph Mulevich, a..frind .of. the editor, adds
strength to our, Baltic group headed by Hon. Member V.; Rachmanoff, speciaois'
of Poland and Vincent Domanski specialist of Poland and all the Baltic
countries. The Editorial Board now hopes to receive articles on postal
history, forerunners, use of Russian stamps in these lands and the #1 isfars

Hon. Member A.P. Rosselevitch has succeeded in forming the Experti-
zation Committee, longour dream, and for this we are thankful. He has
recently published an article in Novoye Russkoye Slovo ( October'1, 1958)
" 100th Anniversary of.1st. Russian Stamp in which our field, as well as
our society received a great deal of publicity, and should bring us many
new members.

At a recent meeting of HEw York Section, ballots which were cast and
returned, were counted and your officers have.been reelected. On behalf of
the elected members, a word of gratitude is in order, and a promise that
confidence in us will be sustained. Those who have not returned the balloae
please do so.

Our Editor, according to the program of the American Philatelic
Congress Convention, is to be one of-two main speakers, and he will deli- ,'
the major address at the final session. He will speak on the postal history
of Russia, Russia itI, and the status'of Russian philately to-day. Ie are
very proud of this honor, which reflects well upon the name of the Rostir-
Society of Russian Philately.

#55 5

E D I T 0 R I A L
During the past year we have been most fortunate in strengthening our
editorial staff, in improving the contents of the journal, and in achieving
world wide recognition by winning three medals at major international shows.
We can not rest on these laurels, for our publication is only good as this
present issue.

We have initiated many important philatelic research projects in the
past, which are now being published in a serial form. We are now sponsoring
other studies, and we ask for you cooperation. Dr. C.. de Stackelberg is
revising the obsolete list of the varieties of the Arms Issue of 1909-1923,
Hon. Member R. A. Sklarevski is probing the plate flaws and cancellations c.
South Russia Scott Nos. 61 to 71, and Far Eastern Republic Scott Nos. 49 to
58. Please send them all of your varieties. Hon. Members A. M. Rossele-
vitch and E. Marcovitch are waging a war against forgeries, fakes and
fantastic items which have invaded the catalogs, and albums. The former
likewise heads the new Experti;ation Committee, while the later is preparing
catalogs of revenues and vignettes or labels. Your Editor is collecting all
the available data on R Y B overprints. He has likewise purchased a rare
German volume on Russian Postal History which Mr. Rosselevitch is kindly
translating and editing for publication. Thus, -: you see, we are moving
ahead, and we do not limit ourselves to waiting for manuscripts. We create

Contributors are urged to send in articles, notes, even letters with
bits of philatelic information. Our best feature is the "Notes from Col-
lectors", gleaned entirely from our correspondence. We urge you however to
either send a rough draft, which will be circulated among the editors for
alterations, and then returned to you for acceptance of changes, or a
finished article, which you wish published as is. In the latter case, we
shall, in the editorial comment, state our own views, additions, etc. Dead-
line for the Spring Issue is December First, and for the Autumn Issue, July
First. Contributions should be typed in duplicate, or written legibly on
thin pages, on one side, with ample margins all around, with carbon copy.
Authors who know the Russian language, as well as the English (we know who
they are) must write in both languages, to save editors translations. We
have several prominent author, emigres, who insist on writing in English
only, and this must stop, for it merely gives us double work. As of this
issue we stop the thoughtless practice of many authors who alter their
texts up to seven times, after submitting MSS, by endless additions and
deletions. After editing, polishing, circulating the article translat."'g
it, and stencilling it, it is frustrating and .time consuming to repeat the

This is you magazine. Share in its creation. Take pleasure in its
appearance. Only through its pages can our hobby live onI

Page 4 55


by A; Rosselevitcb

deceased Hon. member of Rossica, S. Manjeley, in Nos. 22 and 23 of pre-
war issues of our journal"gave an excellent and full review of the issues
produced in Crimea, in the autumn of 1920, i.e. overprint "5 five rubles" on
Russian stamps of 5 kop. perforated and imperforate and 20 kop. perforated
and also on 35 kop. South Russia or "Edinaya Rossia". I should also add that
besides these mentioned by him overprints and errors, I have a double over-
print inverted on 20 kop. and that all the stamps of this issue, with genu-
ine cancellations are of great.rarity, especially when found on letters or

According to Mr. Manjeley the information on'l kop. perforated and
imperforate Russian stamps' overprinted. South Rr.: a-100 rubles" or "Youg
Rossii-100 rublei" is very meager. It is nece .-' in any case to emph;iase
that Mr. Manjeley categorically confirms that these. stamps did not appear at
the post office in Sevastopol up to the evacuation of Crimea, which began on
November 11, 1920 (new style). Knowing S. Manjeley as an exceptionally
honest and serious philatelist we must refer to his statement with full
confidence .

I state this because these two stamps and all issues bade in Constant.
nople (Russian Army Post or Pochta. Rusakoi Armii) are creation of one indi V'....
dual, who busied himself during these 'terrible days with preparing these r-w
issues for personal gain. His excuse was, that he was serving the interests
of the post office and 'enriching the treasury of the Government of South
Russia. Clever combinations devised and produced by this person, brought him
great gain, and because of his important position in the service, it was very
easy for him to gain confidence of his superiors, and later, of the phila-.
. telists and dealers of Western Europe, whom he widely fooled. without any sign
of conscience. In view of the fact that the history of those emissions is
closely knit.with the activities of this "great creator" his name will be re-
ferred to in this article as Mr. "XV. (This person is no longer alive).

To add importance "to the 100 ruble issue of South Russia, Mr. X reiae:
news that several'days before the evacuation of Crimea these stamps were rk-
livered to the post office, that they were sold to the public and that thny
were used fcr correspondence. I have an original draft, written by his h...,
of an article, prepared for publication, in which efforts are made to g;i a
false history of these stamps. Along with above drcft, I have other docA':.:-
genuine, and in approved copies, concerning 1920-21 years. These documea.i.::
allow us to got a more accurate picture and to draw definite conclussion.;

On October 20, 1920 the first all department. i meeting for planning and
producing postal emissions was hold in Sevastopol under the chairmanship of
the head of Governmental Affairs (Upravlenie Dolami Pravitelstva), E. E.
Tkhorjevski, Representetives of various departments were present, and t.;e
minutes of the meeting were taken by Mr. X, a former high official of th
governments J. number of questions was discussed; possibility of sale of t-
supplies of Ukrainian and Soviet stamps, ordering of new stamps. ordering c-f
smaller size revenue stamps (it was decided to place such an order at th;
Feodosia branch of Ekspeditsia Zagotovlenia Gosudarstvennikh Bumag, but l..i.
#55 Paga &

probably was not carried out), announcing a competition for a design of new
stamps (decided to postpone this) and finally at the suggestion of Mr. X the
question of revaluing the stamps of old designs by overprinting,'and of re-
alizing the income from their,sale abroad.

The last suggestion was accepted and Mr. X was empowered with the mis-
sion of accomplishing its with the selling provision of the order changed to
read "realization of the income on the Russian market and. abroad". To ful-
fill this directive, Mr. X requested from the postal authorities in Crimea
information as to the supplies of Russian amps on hand. I have the reply
from the head of the Sevastopol Postal Telegraph Office, No. 7958, dated
October 27/November 9, 1920 with the inclusion of the list of stamps on har,
from 1 to 70 kop. and 10 rubles (2,780 stamps) and 1,659,100 stamps of 35
kop. In this interesting document we find data that the postal department
gave for various stamps, namely 4new type, long (5, 10, 15, 35 and 70 kop.)
and "new type, square (5, 10 and 35 kop.)1'; We must guess about which
stamps they are speaking, and it is difficult to figure- out, since the forma-
of Russian Imperial and Denikin stamps was the same, and neither one was
oblong or square.

At this time Mr. X turned to the Typography -tached to the High
Command (Glavnoe Komandcvanie), located on Nakhimrov Boulevard in Sevastopol,
where a comparatively large number of various proofs of overprints on postal
and postal savings stamps of Russia, as well as on stamps of "United Russiao
or tEdinnaya Rossia" of General Denikin were prepared under his supervision.
The overprint consisted of "South Russia" or "Youg Rossii" and new values,
which on stamps from 1 to 70 kop. were 10, 15, 25s 50, 100, 200, 400 and 500
rubles. They tried to preserve the similarity of numerals between the old
and the new values as much as possible, for example the 15 ruble overprint S
was applied to 15 kop. value, 500 rubles to 5 kop, and 700 rubles to 7 ruble
value, and so on. The color of. the overprints was black cn yellow and red
stamps and red on blue and green stamps. For some unknown reason the bottom
stamp or stamps of blocks and vertical pairs was without overprints.

Some of the blocks and vertical pairs had wide sheet margins on which
were printed the markings of the typography and the signature of the super-
visor in ink, which certified that the overprints were genuine and were made
under the direction of the Commission on October 29P 1920.

A small selection of the proofs of the overprint was taken by the
Commission for a showing before'the meeting of the Council of Ministers for
selection .and acceptance and which were to serve as specimens for printing
new values in large quantities. All other proofs, in great variety were
taken from the Typography by Mr. X, as if to be sold in England and France,
to the dealers, as added revenue to the treasury. These proofs were actually
taken abroad, but only after the evacuation, in personal baggage of Mr. X.
I believe the readers have already guessed that the treasury received
nothing, ahd that they were sold as personal possessions of Mr. X.

In the beginning of November 1920, constant fall in the value of the
ruble proved that the former rate of 5 rubles for an ordinary letter was
insufficient, and an emergency measure was necessary to issue stamps with
values of 100 rubles, which was the rate for ordinary mail at that time.

Page 6 # 55

For this purpose an order was given to select a 10 ruble die to which
another zero could be added.- This Die was used to overprint 20,000 imper-
forate and 10,000 perforated.1 kop. stamps. The overprint, applied read
"USouth Russia 100 rubles" or "Youg Rossii 100 rubloi".

I am not sure that the stated number of stamps issued corresponds wir',
the. actual quantity issued. As this issue was prepared under the super',
of Mr. X, the fact that his offer of sale of now issues abroad was not
shelved, and corresponded with the time of gr noed for new values at th-
post office, I personally think that more th .. ,,000 of the above stamps
wcze issued. I think that this number was thought up by him exclusevoly tc
interest foreign stamp firms, by showing that it was a limited issue. 1e
must not forget that the list from Sevastopol Post.Office indicating the
supplies of various values on hand, showed 29,700 perforated and 320,600
imperforate 1 kop. stamps; an ample supply on hand.

Overprints of this issue were made by typography, and there are a gra;.
number of varieties: letters of different types and height, difference in
spacing between letters and numerals, inverted, double, overprints shift3:i
in: various directions, numeral 6 instead of letter "Russian b" in vcori
"rubloi" or "rubles" (one stamp, in-a sheet), etc., etc. Some of these
varieties roe accidental, others were prepared purposely; there exists r:' --
a stamp with numeral : 10 instead of 100 but if we consider it -
error (forgotten zerc) but only on condition of finding it in a pair wii..
normal stamp having numeral U 100 ". Single examples of 10 rubles
overprint on I kop., also on other values, are proofs of which I spoke
earlier, and they were made on various stamps and various values, 5,090 i.-:

iL1 work was done in the oarly.part of November .1920. Further fate of
these stamps is clouded and mixed up. Mr. X himself, while abroad, spread
rumors that the entire issue. was given to Sevastopco Post Office which
allegedly divided them among various local-post offices and that they weor
sold to the public and served for prepayment of correspondencee. Howevow
Manjeley states the opposite. and I think that the collectors saw thoes 1.:.-
the first time abroad. Mr. X also stated that a part of this issue waR *`;-
by the Chief of Militdrj. Codission, for del -r to the Yalta Post Of .c,
whore he was going to visit his family prior .: evacuation. He was attJ :k
whilo enroute, robbed and then killed, thus t.o stamps were lost.

This is a very strange statement. In those days when the evacuati.:
imminent any day9 When Crimoats fate hung. in balance, it is improbable Jha.
Postal Department would busy itself with supplying post offices with- rw-
stamps, especially with the cooperation of a, travelling military men niY:.
accidental or unscheduled' trips. There are serious evidences which pc-:'-.
Mr. X's acquisition of a part of this issue, and that he in order to h.-i
this fact, ho explained it by the attack, murder" and theft. The only i --I
is that a small part of this issue was taken abroad during the evacuate ,':
Crimea and wound up in Cattaro on transport "Sedjota.; From there they -...o
ordered sent to Constantinople and were sold to stamp firms. The mor.-y -
ived was sent to the Russian Post Office of the ARMY in Constantinoplc or
the organization of the post.
# 55 Pa

This is the history in brief of this issue, and as much of truth as can
be determined in a question clouded with incorrect information. We can con-
elude with full confidence that these stamps belong to the category of
"8 prepared for use, but not issued and that not one of them served for
prepayment of correspondence.

Thus on November 11, 1920 an order was signed for evacuation of Crimea.
Army, Government,and its establishments and refugees arrived in Constanti-
nople. Among the evacuated possessions of the treasury were two leather bags
with Ukrainian stamps on transport w Sedjet u, 30,000 Ukrainian stamps of 10
shagiv in the hands of Mr. X. Also several hundred thousand of Ukrainian
stamps were on steamship Rion ", likewise going to Cattaro. Besides tho-a
in Constantinople, in the hands of stamp dealers and certain other people
were huge stocks of Imperial Russian, Soviet and Ukrainian stamps, carried
out of Russia prior to evacuation .by private individuals.

In Constantinople, from May 1920 functioned Russian Post introduced by
"I Conference of Organizations for Aid to Russian Refugees or Soveschania
Organizatsii Pomoschi Ruskim Bejentsam attached to the Russian Diplomatir
Mission. I shall translate from French, the description of the function of
this post as stated-in Letter No. 851 of the Russian Diplomatic Represent-
ative, A. Neratov, dated March 11, 1921. This letter was an answer to a
question from the High Commissioners of England, France and Italy in occ-
upied Constantinople, in connection with the pru:t of Turkish government
against the activity of the Russian Post on TurkiU2h territory. We quote:-
"1' This bureau was established in May 1920 after first evacuation of Odessa
and Novorosiisk for the purpose of aiding Russian refugees, and this was
done with the knowledge of the Allied Command. Function of the Bureau was as
follows: It accepts correspondence from Russian refugees to addresses within
Turkey and abroad and then turns them over to the corresponding foreign post
offices and to Turkish Post Office. Ordinary letters are accepted free,
however on registered mail the Bureau collects rates equivalent to those of
foreign posts and turns the receipts over, in full, to the foreign post office
transmitting the mail. Letters addressed to refugee camps, situated on San
Stephano RR. Line, namely Camps Bernadotte, Lann, Canrcber, Zaityn-Burnu,
Arno and Chataldzha are turned over to French Commandant of Station Syrkedji.
Letters addressed to Camp Tuzla are turned over to British Headquarters,
while those addressed to Lemnos, Gallipoli, Bizerte and French Hospitals Pashe
Osadsha and Ildyz are turned over to the sector 502 of French Headquarters
(near the tunnel), "

On the other hand, all foreign posts. and the Ottoman Post turn over
to the Bureau of the Russian Post majority of the correspondence addressed to
Russian refugees, and the Bureau delivers them to refugees or..holds them
until they are called for. This way the refugees know where to receive the
mail which has arrived for them". Further in the document is a discussion of
various problems arising concerning the correspondence, with which the B-irear
helps the refugees. Bureau also addresses letters, makes investigations,
gives directions, and etc.

Page 8 AK" ;.


In my collection are two covers, that passed. through this Br.eai,
originating in Evpatoria, Crimea (one. dated September 20, 1920 and the
other a little later) and addressed to a,Russian refugee camp on the Island
of Lemnos. Both of the letters are without stamps, and were carried to
Constantinople by private .people who turned them over to the Bureau. This
Bureau sent them-to Lemnos via Sector. 502 of French Headquarters, which
placed on the reverse side of each letter their markings, the round blue-
violet cancellation- bears in the circle words Conference of OrganizAti.',
for Aid to Russian Refugees and in the center .Russian Post.- Constat_ :.-.
cple ". These cancellations may be found also on covers with foreign or
Russian stamps, but in all cases they are of great rarity.

Almost with the arrival of the Army..Government establishments and
refugees into Constantinople, and upon formation of the refugee camps, MK.-.
again becomes active and begins to influence C"' of the Financial and
Refugee Sections with the idea"of issuing new 3 to raise money for t.e.*
treasury. In his reports he offers either to istute new stamps or to over-
print the stamps of the old regime with the new values. He cites the ex-
amples of the little Latin American Republics and promises immediate inco:n
for treasury of 5 to 10 million franks, saying that the operation can be
repeated several times.

In conclusion he writes Tc prevent speculation with stamps, and tc
insure the greatest.possible income,to the treasury, it is imperative the.:-
we establish a strict control and watch and-maintain certain measures, es-
pecially suited for such issues .f..stamps and for sale of them abroad. ,'
example, it is necessary thatthe assigned.part of the issue for sale abr-.ad
be sent there, prior to the sale of remainders in the p6st offices t9 pariate
individuals. On the other hand in view of the fact that stamps, issued
specially for speculative purposes, do not have any price on the philatelic
market, it is important that during the sale abroad we present all eviden9es
of their bohafide use by the post (copies of order of issuance, covers with
cancellations on stamps, accurate information about the quantities of stc'vnse
issued, etc.) All of the preparations must be conducted in utmost secrecy..

STypographical expencos of production, of the new values on the sw.:-:.
and travelling -expenses of the comandeered person ordered to sell star:-;
abroad are next to nothing as compared with the income derived from the .-:.'
of stamps. To protect the treasury it is imperative that the person pla.--'
in charge is familiar with philately and that he be placed in under the
supervision of the Government Control in Paris. "

In other documentary notes we find details' .-othcds of pritintg, -'
sale, again we see repetition of statements th lis project will brine :-.
huge income and that Mr. X seems to be the most Logical and suited person
for producing the issue and the logical one for the trip to Western Eui ..-c
Thus these documents clearly show that the original idea of the issue w-;
speculative in nature, based on the promise that the people responsible I:-
approval of this venture can not,distinguish the true motives of the au'.1.:'.
of this project. As to the use of a part of the stamps-for payment of poc-- .
of the refugee correspondence, this was placed on. a secondary plano and ..*.-::
not seem to:be the main problem in creation of this issue.

#55 Pate C

Having received permission and wide powers, Mr. X entered into an agree.
ment with Vassan M. Essaian in Galata, with whom was formulated the following
arrangement (orginals of all these documents are in my collection). Mr.
Essaian sells to Russian Government 300,000 mint Russian stamps of various
values and agrees to make on these a lithographic overprint "Post of the
Russian Army" or Pochta Russkoi Armii and new values in rubles. As
payment for these stamps and labor, Mr. Essaian receives 10% of all over-
printed stamps, he agrees to complete all work in 3 weeks. Agreement was
signed on December 17, 1920 by both sides, and also covered failures or
breach of contract, control problems, and destruction of lithographic stor-:.
at the end of work, etc., etc.

After a short time, a new agreement was reached on February 23, 192',
with Mr. Essain, for issuance of a second series with "Russian Post" over-
print and new values in rubles: but this time the work was done on Russian
and Ukrainian stamps, belonging to the Russian Government, thus Mr. Essaie-
received only 2% of these stamps as payment.

These are the facts about these two issuc; After their appearance,
their history follows two paths, that which actually occurred and that as Mr..
X tried to present to the West European philatelic firms. For the latter,
were prepared various documents, copies of lists, advertising explanations
and other papers, lists, and bookkeeping records, in which some things are
magnified, some are minimized, truth is twisted with phantasy, and with out
and out lies. To sort this out is a difficult task, and in the continuation
of my article-in the following issue of the journal I shall endeavor to give
more detailed data, about the stamps and their use as postage'on correspon-

After the preparation of overprints, lithographic stones were destroyed
in presence of the members of Control Commission, and two documents were
prepared about this. On April 10, 1921, having received visas, Mr. X left
for one of the West European capitals and carried with him

1. A huge supply of stamps of both issues 1' for sale on the foreign
markets, which was to be income for the treasury ".
2. Parts of these lithographic stones and a considerable supply of
mint stamps, Russian and Ukrainian.

Armed with all this, and having the skill and recommendations, as wall
as documents pertaining to this post and powers delegated from the Governmtne
in question, Mr. X after a short time busied himself in the beginning w.fth
making n additional printings of these overprints, aided by the pieces of
the lithographic .stones, and later when they became useless, he prepared a:.
stones and fabricated forged overprints in such large quantities that he
swamped the market and caused the prices for the series to collapse

At the same time Mr. X begun to make inverted overprints, incomplete
ones (minus the value) and overprints on stamps on which they could not h-ve
occurred. I shall note such phantasies created by Mr. X as 5 ruble Jubilee
series 1913, certain stamps with Ukrainian tridents, not prepared in the
original series, stamps of Russian Levant, of 35p. on 3 rub. 50 kop., and

Page 10 #55

70p. on 7 rubles, and as I have heard stamp of 50p. on 5 ruble issue of
1913, on stamps of Levant. Mr. X at first made a forged overprint of 35p.
and 70 pistres ( made very carelessly and roughly ) and later he placed his
own false overprint of Pochta Russkoi Armii 20,000 rublei or Post
of Russian Army 20,000 rubles ". The overprint of 50 piastres on 1913
Jubilee stamp is also forged, but I do not know its source. We should also
note forgeries, prepared by Mr. X, of the Levant stamps of 1913-14, i.e. the
50p. on on 5 rubles and 100p. on 10 rubles. In the beginning,Mr. X bought
up everywhere the genuine stamps with these overprints,.and placed upon tha
forged Pochta Russkoi Armii 10,000 or 20,000 rubles u. Afterwards he
busied himself with making a forgery of Levant overprint, placing them on
the market either in that state or with the added Russian Army cverpri-t.

However, these forgeries can be easily det e without any added
expertzation, since the genuine stamps of Levar:- ve the following feati1t.:
Overprint of lOOp. on 10 rubles is made on the Russian stamp of 1906, on pap.
with vertical laid lines, and 50p on 5 rubles on stamps without chalky lies,
made especially for Levant, which does not exist without, overprint. Mr. X
however used for overprinting stamps of Russia of 5 and 10 rubles with cha2ky
network, which is the main feature of the forgeries.

Besides these and other phantasies and forgeries, it is interesting to
note the following: 3r. 50 k. of 190/ issue of Russian Offices.in China, or:
which the red overprint W KITAI was carefully taken off, and a false
" 35 piasteres and Pochta Russkoi Armii 20,000 rubles was applied.
Most likely various other combinations, not encountered by me as:yet exist.'

Besides the manipulations with uncancelled stamps, Mr. X prepared a
great deal of cancelled material, including such prepared entire, as letters
and post cards. For this purpose he used certain genuine oencellors of
various camps, carried out by him from Constantinople. He also prepared a
series of his own cancellers with names of not only the camps where the pci-
functioned but also of those camps where the post did not exist. Those
letters wore sold originally singly as rarities, and at high prices, later or
in lots of 100 each. We can state with. confidence that fully 90% of all
existing letters and cancelled stamps of the Russian Army, are forgeries :-
Mr. X who achieved in this field a great superiority and lived off these
forgeries and creations many years, until his death several years ago.

He also made forgeries of Mongolian stamps, colored pink the common
semi-postal 3 kop. (perf. 13-) 1915 of Russia issued on white paper, and
also colored blue the 10 kop. value of thesa same- oe, plus making other
various combinations.

Twc questions now arise. 'Iter all this, do the stamps of the u Ru-..,
Army" 1920-21 deserve collecting, and is it possible to tell genuine fror. *:

Of course one can collect what he desires, but he must be sure that
stamps are genuine. Out of both "Russian Army" issues printed in Constar" -
nople there are 50 to 60 varieties which were issued in quantities of 25 t-
100 each. 12 complete collections were presented to high government offf'cial
and approximately 20 to 25 were sold at face to representatives of stamzr .
#55 Pag6 L:

foreign collectors and officials of Post Office and other departments. From
the above figures it is clear that there are only a few complete collections
in existence, and that many of the rarities in -ids of collectors are

Stamps of these issues can be separated into four categories:

1. Genuine overprints made by M. Essaian.
2. Forgeries of Mr. X made by using of pieces of lithographed
stones, from which Mr. Essaian printed the original issue.
3. Forgeries of later date, prepared by Mr. X.
4. Forgeries of other sources, including those produced by

Expertization of overprints is possible in certain instances, especit.li,
when we speak of blocks and large parts of sheets, and very difficult and
often impossible when we deal with single stamps.. Thus I personally feel
that it is possible either to seriously specialize in stamps of these issue.
going into detailed study, trying to break down blocks and parts of shecet-.,
or to satisfy oneself with several examples and not be tempted by those
occasions when one is offered a general collection.

I especially advise all to be careful of letters and post cards with
these stamps cancelled, as thoreare but a few genuine pieces of corresporldr::.
in existence, while the products of Mr. X are numerous in hundreds.

The issues which could have been most interesting, in spite of the
speculative character, is completely spoiled and rendered valueless by tha
remorseless dealings and actions of this man who from the start betrayed the
trust placed in him.
-to be continued-

EDITORIAL COMMENTS. Second Installment of the above article will carry
detailed data. The-Rossica Journal is disclaiming any responsibility
to any statements voiced in the above article. All of the ideas and
statements are those of the author Mr. A. Rosselevitch.

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Page 12 f

by Dr. C. do Stackolberg

Recently I have been in correspondence with Regierungarat Dr. Hermann
Schultz of Erlangei, Germany, the greatest expert and well known expertizer
of the Pskov Town Post Issues. These stamps were issued by the German Occ-
upation Authoritiesof Pskov in 1941to 1942 and are listed in German
catalogs of Michol, Mueller, etc.

In one of his letters, he mentioned to me also the issue of the
Messenger Post of Liady, of which I have never heard. To my request for
further details-Dr. Schultz was kind enough to supply me with the follow-
ing information.

In the autumn of 1941 German Armies had occupied the Southern part
the Leningrad Oblast and had practically surrounded the old capital of
Russia. The Administrative Officer (Kreiskommandcnt) of the Liady Count,,
which is situated approximately in the middle c 'o triangle between t:e
towns of Gdov, Pskov and Luga in the Osmino S- .. received the authority
from the local Field Commander in Luga to print and to issue two stamps for
the Local Postal Messenger Service, ho had organized. To this end three
hundred of 1 pf. Hindenburg stamps, as well as three thousand of 1 pf.
Hitler Ostland stamps wore overprinted "LIADY" and a new value "60S in blo.k

This issue can be compared with the well-known labels of the "Messeon-.-
Post of the X German Army of the Minsk area in 1918. (Romeko 1927, p, e.
Al td A3).

Dr. Schultz, who seems to have been at that time a high official of %he
S German Civilian ACb-ii tration..in Pskov tells me that the communications
in that area were so unsafe, owing to extensive activities of the Partisans,
that Licdy could be reached safely only in armoured cars or by plane, he him-
self has often flown on Governmonit business to Liady in his small two sweater
"StCcr1-" plano.

When the Soviet troops finally overran Li.dy, the whole pcrsonell of -
German Civilian Administration there vas tcken prisoner and soon afteirwur.
hanged in Leningrad. Oil- tho Kroiskommandant is still live and lives ir
Hesso, Germany as at the time Liady was taken, he happened to be away cr.
sick leave in Gcrrnany.

It is known that of the original issue of Liady only 30 Hindenburg
stamps with gum, 150 Hitler stamps with gum, and 150 Hitler stamps with, t
gum presently exist. The 150 Hitler stamps without gum, lost the gum whc-.
they wre buried for a time in Soviet Russia for reasons Dr. Schultz dos,
not mention.

The stamps wore valid for only a short F):'.d: From the autumn of
1-! to the Summer of 1942.

An extensive article by Dr. Schultz on the SG stamps will appear i: '
forthcoming, October 1958, issue of the well-known German stamp journal .- :
"Kichelrundscheau :The stamps will appear for the first time in the Miiul".
Catalog of 1960, as the 1959 catalog has already been printed. The Muo` :-.
Gorman Sprcialied Cr.+-J g h -s Iaready listed them for several years.

#55 Pagi U

The illustration shows the two stamps in my possession. Dr. Schultzs
well-known guarantee is stamped on the back.

I understand that the dealers in Germany are presently buying up these
stamps at about $15 for the Hindenburg stamp, at $8 for the Hitler stamp
with gum and $4 for the Hitler stamp without gum.

These stamps are listed on P. 244 of 1958 Mueller Specialized Catalog:.
and are priced at 75M. (Hindenburg) and 45M. (Hitler) mint. They are not
priced cancelled. The quantities issued are given as 500 and 1,000. Dat':
of issue is given as December 1, 1941. Besides Liady and Pskov, Mueller
lists 3 stamps issued on October 18, 1941 in Lu-.,

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Page 14 #55

by L. Cronin & W. S. E. Stephon
(Coztinued fom 53. Page 18

Before considering these, a small dose ot history is first administcer-.?
On Novombor 24, 1926, the Fourth GroatHuruldan (Assembly) doclarod Touvw
bo a national republic and a definitive constitution was adopted. It wa
probably at this time that the native namo of the capital was changed to
"Kyzyl Khoto" or "Kyzyl" ("Rod Townu and "Rod" respectively). The populat;
of the country at the time was around 70,000, of vhich 12,000 wore Russ: -..
Kyzyl had about 3,000 inhabitants in 1927, increasing to 3,200 in 1931 ani
10,000 in 1936; no further figures are available, but it appears that the.
Touvans are still in the majority throughout the area. Water transport v
the main link originally with the outside world there wore also roadr \.:
Minusinsk in Siberia and Uliasutai in Mongoli., ilo a highway to AbakL.:. v&e
corploted in 1936. Since 1953 at least, Kyzyl has boon libkod by air wit'
Abakan and Krasnoyarsk in Siberia.

Getting back to matters plilatclic, it scms that the omission of ra:'.
stamps was one of th6 results of the political events which' took placo i.n
1926. Although tho date of the first stamp issue is given as being in th-:
saom year, it is possible that the supplies did Aot roach Touva until oa<-
in 1927, as the earliest covers known arc nll from a batch of registered
letters addressed to various officials of the ll Russian Philatelic As,.-
ciation, cancolled Kyzyl 8.2.27 (Fig. 2) and roachinp Moscow 24 to 25 dy.-'
later. Although-philatolic, they are most interesting as the addresses arz-
typed in English, a Tcuvan'translation being added by pen-or brush in tx.o
archaic Uighur script, while on arrival in Moscow tho sorting cldrk added a
Russian translation to facilitate delivery. An unregistered cover with the
issue and cancellation is also known addressed to Harbin leaving Kyzyl on
on April 5, 1927, passing through linusinsk 11 days later and arriving orn
May 2. In addition, a forgod cover of this issue has recently been seone +.
bears a handstampod throo-line address inviolot, reading "Jda Baidhor/P.
734/Moscow USSR", and it is frakrod with 1, 2, 5, and 8 kop. values, cmi::. I
with two strikes of a ford Kyzyl marking (Figure 9), the diameter bei::p
34mm., the word "Kizil" /rnm. high, 13mm. long at top and- l11-nm. long at
bottom, while the word TOUV-. is 3mm. high, ll--m. long at top and 13mr:, lo-:
at bottom. The'impossible and indistinct date appears to road 20.11.2 ,
and although the cover is unsealed, it boars a genuine MOSKVA/9.4.27/16.
POCT. OTD. backstamp which was added favour.

The issue itself is of interest as the Mo-- 'ian text is inscribed. :-
the obsoloteUighur alphabet, itself the parent -:ongol vertical systeo- of
writing. The panel at the top contor shows th _.oroviations "Bu. Na. T'.
Ti." or tBugude Fairamdalho Tannou Tiva", roughly translated as "Gonoral
Union of Tannou Touva". The panels top left and right road "Burok mirkc1-'
"postage stamp", whilo those at the bottom 1-ft and right have the abbr. -si.
ions umca or mongoo" (mungs or kopoks) and "tu" for (tugrugs or rubles,'

S#55 Pe- -

The kopek values are in shoots of 100 (10x10), comb perforated 13-, guide
marks consisting of a circle with a dot in the center, being present betwoon
the 5th, and 6th. stamps in all four margins of the shoots in the colors of
the stamps. The three top values are perforated 101.

There appear to have been two distinct printings of this issue, mint
copies of the original issue having white crackly gum. As those were origin:
ally sold on the basis of gold ruble, the full sot cost around $7,00 (aboft
30/- then) in the late 1920s, which was a lot of money in those days. In
1931 "Gibbonts Stamp Monthly' complained that supplies were being offered 1i
Paris at much cheaper prices, and as the colors wore different, it was cE-
sumed that another printing had been made. Mint copies of these latter hr
white smooth gum.

Some time after the appearance of 1927 surcharges, (#11-14), "Gibbon's
Stamp Monthly" reported that 5,000 of each value had been prepared. As thea:
do not seem to be scarce, it is probable that .-- upplomontary printing cxi'
here as well. The original issue was apparent, on the basic stamps with
crackly gum, bright shiny inks almost like lacquer being employed for sur-
charging. Nos. 11 & 12 are known with inverted surcharges and #14 with sur-
charge doubled. All values show varying strengths of inking, as they were
handstampod. Covers frankod with this issue appear to be rare; those seen
are registered and addressed as before by typewriter to the All Russian
Philatelic Association, and showing at left, four printed vertical lines of
Mongol script. Details are as follows:-

a. A cover hand-made from native laid paper, franked with #11, strip of
3 of #18 and a pair of #23, cancelled Kizil 30.X.27 (see illustration
and arriving in Moscow 26 days later.
b. As above, but franked with a vertical pair of #12.
c. Blue cover with pair of #13 and a single of #14.

From the above, it appears that the surcharges were issued some time
during or after April 1927, duo to shortages of certain values of the first
issue, the 1927 pictorials apparently coming to the rescue in October.

The supplementary printing of the surcharges is on stamps with smooth
white gum, having a rather dull and smudged appearance, with the inks peno-
trating the paper. Copies seen have SFA guarantee marks on the backs, and c^
the surcharge measurements agree in all respects, it could be assumed that
they were executed with the original wooden chops, presumably to cope with
the demand from philatelists.

The designs for the 1927 pictorials (#15 to #28) wore adapted by Olga
Fodorovna Amosova from ornaments, household ut .ils and native scenery
observed by her during Professor Bunak's oxpou .Ion to Touva in 1926, in
which she took part. This set has white crackly gum and is quite scarce in
cnploto mint condition. It is possible that there wore further printi--s
of the five small values for the packet trade, as they have been seen wi:h
white smooth gum, giving the paper a rather oily and porous look.

Page 16 #/5


These small values are comb-perforated 12, being in shoots of 100,
consisting of four pans of 25 soparatod by wide margins and guttors. Tho
shoot odges and horizontal gutters have thick colored lines in the colors of
the stamp.

Tho next throo values (#20 to 22) are always comb-porforatod 12-x12,
while the balance of the set is normally lian-perforatod 10-. The l kep.
(#23) is especially interesting bocauso of the following compound perfora-
tions which aro also found thoroon:-

a. 1O at bottom x 1C at loft x 10 at right.
b. 10 at bottom x 10 at loft x 10 at right.
c. 10- at bottom x 10 at loft x 10 ar right.

As those varieties are similar to those found on Russian stamps of the
period, it.appears that they resulted from the saoO method of .production.
The checkers at GOZIAK (State Printing Works, Moscow) apparently found some
porf. 10- shoots of this value with margins mistakenly loft imperforato, anr
those wore apparently finished off on the porf. 10 machines. Thus the mrr-
ginal triangles would receive a 10 perforation a. t-hor loft or right,
causing varieties (a) or (b), depending on which .:gin of the shoot was
originally imperforate. In the case whore adrjcort margins on the same shoot
wore imporforate, correction would result in the trianglo at the corner of
the shoot receiving the 10 porf. at both loft and right, giving rise to var-
ioty (a).

The 50 kop. (#26) also exists porf. 10 on all sides, while a copy has
boon found with a compound perforation: 10 at top and bottom and lot at

Inscriptions on this sot are in English and Mongolian, the latter giving
the namo of the country as "TivaU end adding the words USiudan" or "Postage",
"nmo" for the kopok values and "tuU for the rublo. As with the first issue,
this series has tho star and lozongo watermark, which is also found on
Russian postal stationery of that period.

-to be continuod-

by Kurt Adlor

I have a letter in my collection, written in Gcrman, in 1854 from the
theatre of war in the Caucasus. Letters of this war aro ruch rarer than the
Crimoan letters. Thoro was no Field Post of course, then in the Caucasus,
during those hostilities.

The cover has the oval postmark Iz Tiflisa c- vlonc (sent from Tiflis)
and a wax soel Dnozhnoy....... (word illegible) bo something like
correspondence, Tifliskci Guborn.poctovcy kont. ("Lis Gubornia Post Office).
It c,- o has the transit rhomboid postmark (probably port): St, Petorsburg
1854.X.21 and an illegible sm-ll circular postnmrk (probc-bly arrival postmark
in Stuttgart. The front has in rod print Rocomandirt onclosod in'a wavy rod
#55 Page 17

frame, rectangular in shape, and an Aus Russland. It wnwet to Baron von
Ulrichhausen, Ordinance. Officer of His Royal Highncss the Crown Prince in
Stuttgart. I have rarely road a more vivid description of Caucasus and of
the theatre of war.

Alexandropol rr. October 1854

Dear old follow:
Just when I wanted to write you a letter for such a long
time, I received your letter of September 17th. that took only a short time
(ono month only) to reach mo hero at the end of the world. It will seem
funny to you to receive a letter from mo written on the shore or Arpatshay
(the river which forms the border betwoon .Russia and the Asiatic part of
Turkey).1 .felt the same way when I received your letter, and the oxclamatico
"'tis strange" was formed in my mouth when I saw your goruotlicho craw's
foet (which, I by the way, can reciprocate in no less amount. To free you
from the wrong idea -.by the way that I am still in Potorsburg. I want to
toll you in short that I succooded finally, with the help of my good and doar
Grand Duko, and Successor to the throne, to be sent to the thoatro of war and
to the Army of Duke Bobutoff whore I have boon promised a command of 3 mixod
squadrons of line cosacks, with all authority and plenary power. The Emperor
has dismissed me in the utmost possible gracious way. Ho ontrustod me, during
a half hour conversation, with important oral missions to Bobutoff, which I
shall not disclose to you. He has, furthermore, given mo 12,000 rubles to be
distributed.among the wounded soldiers of the corps of Kars and Bayazet. So
I sat down once again in my.tarantass, flew through half a quarter of the
globe in 12 days and arrived in good shape in Tiflis, after cutting through
my old, dear Caucasus with its raging rivers, its masses of rocks and ice, its
picturesque figures of warriors, its neck breaking roads, and its good memo-
ries. Wherever I came, to fortress or stanitsa, there arose a big hello from
my old acquaintances, so that my heart jumped in my body. In Tiflis, whore I
stayed 6 days, there were dinners, jubilations, and parties my honor, so that
I was almost glad to got out of thou again. Now, the good country is rather
far behind me, and my eyes abovo the fortress cl.,-' in, in front of my window,
revel in the view of a desolate mountainous stce. without a tree, without
a bush, in the swirling twisters which seem to be connoctod to the sky and
soem to be on roaring walks, and in the immonso vultures with their long naked
nocks with white frills on them, that are sitting on carions of camels or
buffaloos, parched by thirst, signs of the caravan roads from Persia. There
is a heat of shirt sleeve dimensions, although the country which lies 8,000
foot above the sea lovel is supposed to be furiously cold d-ring the winter,
and although the snow is smiling at us from the mountain ridge, of the Kara-
Dagh (above which, far away, the silvery Ararat lifts its head).

The camp of Duke Bobutoff where I spent throo days lies 20 verst from
herc, on Turkish soil, on two bald hills between which two poor brooklets are
flowing; it is a sad, desolate country. No trees to be soon for a distance
of 70 square versts, sand, sand, sand and chalky rocks, and a boredom to hicr
the bucket. But along the horizon of the camp, to the right and to the lefl
so near that one almost can shoot there, there lie the glorious fields of
Bash-Kadikfar and Kuyuk-Dara and somewhat farther away, only 40 vorsts---
Page 18 #S

lies Kars, from which the Turk, after his last defeat does not dare to stick
out his nose. This creates a big "crovo-coour" on the part of tho'whole
*detachment which is burning with desire to attack. But Fabius Bobutoff,
instead, is promising them winter quarters in Aloxandrcpol(Gri). The
little detachment is dashing and snart. It is a pleasure, it has plenty to
live off, gets it rrom tfa surrounding Turkish villages. It counts at the
most 10 sick people por regiment, It would load a life like in a fool's
paradise if the hay wasn'trathor bad and the wood unattainably expensive.
Our cavalry offers a picturesque sight, a colorful mixture of Georgians,
Tatars, in short Asiatics of all kinds. Among them, especially the Kurds.
on their little fiery horses with embroidered saddle-cloth and broad stirrut:
for slippers; with their multicolored embroidered jackets, their oll-high
turbans, wide pants reminiscent of women skirts, long lances adorned with a
pommel of black ostrich feathers, and with round shields hanging down from
behind their loft shoulders, offer a picturesque oriental sight. It is a
wild but colorful sight. When I arrived in the camp unexpectedly there way
jubilation among my old comrades. Everybody vied with each other to give mE
a notable welcome. One of them gave me a'captured Turkish tent, another a
superb white charger, in short, I had to tear myself away by force to ex-
ecute the commission of my ever so gracious monarch. so I am loafing about,
in hospitals, for almost ten days already, visiting and questioning every
wounded soldier, dividing the money in accordance with the gravity of their
wounds. I am seeing a lot of disgusting and sad things, I am swallowing .a
lot of stench, in one word, I am groping about in the dark, desolate and
shadowy sides of our craft, stretching out my to' -s. By the way, the food
is above ll praise. There is, notwithstanding masses of patients, such
cleanliness, such order, and such a care at over; .-,onont that one has to look
"for to find something like it. The poor devils arc porky, gay, and full of
* enthusiasm for their Emperor when they answer my questions. During 2 months
only 170 out of 1,200 wounded soldiers died. It is unbelievable what kinds
of wounds can be soon: missing logs and arms, shattered lower jaws, faces
that do not lock human any more. An officer who has 16 wounds from bullets,
bayonets and sabers walks already in his room. A soldier whose thigh was
shattered below the hip by a grape-shot has been declared s.v6d by his
doctors. Day after to-morrow I am leaving for Erivan and Bayazet and shall,
after finishing my err.nd, return to my detachment to .wait the resumption
of the dance.

Pleaso lay me to the feet of the Crownprince and Crownprincess and, if
you find an occasion, toll them with what a grateful heart I'ofton think
back of the grace and friendliness which they'bostowod on no.

I come from too good a house and I am too little of a courtier not to
fool doubly warm of their gonuino, true, natural kindnos and heartiness.

Give my cordial regards to Borlichingon and Zeppelin, lay me to the foot
of Frl. von Massonbach many times, recommend me to the graces of Frl. v.

Keep me in you heart and writo soon,

To yours with his wholo heart,

# Er 'ittgenstoyn.
#55 Page 19

My address is: Poste restanto, Tiflis, Russio Asiatiquo, par St. Potersburg.

I have the revolver with me. It fails more often than I -:ruld like;
I think the English ones are yet better than the Stuttgart ones. It is
rumored here (nothing officials known yet) that Austria has declared war
against us. It is too infamous to be believed.

by J. V. Stuart


S. G.l#52 tj63, horizontally laid paper.

3 kop. 14 kop. Imperforato blocks of 2 cor.ploto rows of ten
5 kop. 20 kop. stamps, with OBRAZETS in roe tractorss.
7 rubles Perforated strip of 5 st with CBRAZETS in
rod characters.

S. G. #75, on vertically laid paper.

70 kop. Perforated block of 10 stamps, with OBRAZETS in rod

S. G. #81 to #89, Charity Issue of 1905.

3 kop, perforated 13r:13, small characters
1-x11, largo characters
5 kop. 1212-, large characters Full rows of 8 stamps,
7 kop. 13x1)3, largo characters with OBRLZETS in rod characters.
1212- small characters
12x12-, large characters
10 kop. 13xl3-', small characters

S. G. #124, etc., War charity of 1914.
CBRiZETS in black on each stamp. White
Same as 1915 paper, but singles, with OBJRAZETS in blue.

1917 Arms issue with chalky lines, imperforato.

1 kop. 4 kop. Blocks of 10 stamps, in 2 rows of 5 stamps.
2 kop. 5 kop. OBRLZETS in black, once on the two rows, with large
3 kop. characters.

1924-1925, Typographed,l4 x1T perforation, unw. :;arkod.

7 kop. soldier, strip of 5 stamps. CBRAZETS perforated (h6les).
5 rub., perforated strip of 3 stamps. CERAZTS perforated (holes).

Page 20 *


S. G. #1, atc.

1 kop. 3 kop. Imperforato blocks of 10, with CBRLZETS
2 kop. 5 kop. perforated (holos).
1 kop. 5 kop. Perforated blocks of 15, with CBRAZETS perforated
2 kop. (holos). Two lines on 3 rows of 5 stamps.

1910 Issueo with chalky lines.

1 kop. 20 kop. 50 kop. Porforatod blocks of 10 each, with
4 kop. 25 kop. 70 kop. CBRLZETS in full in one line over 2 rows of
7 kop. 35 kop. 5 stamps, perforat', -los).
1 rub. Same as above, pt on imporforate
block of ton stamps.


1L8. horizontally Taid papor.

1 kop. 5 kop. Imporfcratod blocks of 10, with 4 characters of
2 kop. CBRAZETS in rod, on J.ach row of 5 stamps.


35 pi. on 3 rub. 50 kop. Perforated CBRAZETS in small bluo-green
70 pi. on 5 rub. characters, diagonal SW/NE.

35 pi. on 3 rub. 50 kop. ImIorforato block of 8, with CBiZETS in
ond line on two rows of 4 stamps, perforated (holes).

70 pi. on 7 rub. Inmorfornto block of 4 stamps, -GBRLZETS,

part only, perforated vertically S to N (holes),

10 pi. on 1 rub. Porforato! blocks of 10, with
20 pi. on 2 rub. OBRAZTS in full, in rod ch-r-.ctors, once on 2 rows of
30 pi. on 3 rub. 5 stamps.

Editorial Comments

ELoase road over J. Posollts article in Journal #54. It describes
SPECIMUW overprints on Scott #31 to #40,. Levant #23 tc j'26, and Zonstvo
stamp of Ostrov (Pskov Gub.), Chuchin #4, overprinted by hand in blue,
and applied horizontally or diagonally. The overprint is in ENGLISH.
(IN Dr. Salisbury's collection)

#55 Page 2L

by J. Posoll

It has recently boon my pleasure to view Dr. Salisbury's collections
and to study several items acquired by him pertaining to the article on the
Russian troops in France which appeared in Rossica Journal #48. Threecovos
containing postmarks not previously described are of groat interest to the
student of this now forgotten episode. The first cover (Fig. 1) contains
two cancellations. The Russian cancellation at the top is a double circle
31mn. in diameter, printed in violet and reads "2nd. Special Infantry
Regiment. 9th. Company". The cancellation below it, in French is dated
August 16, 1916 from postal sector 189. It is addressed to Paris.

The second cover (Fig. 2) contains the return address on the reverse
flap of B. Rubenoff, 2 Regiment Russio, S. P. 189a which is probably the
same postal sector as cover #. There is a faint cancellation of the postl;
sector dating the cover May 12, 1917. The cancellations illustrated are cn-
the left face of the cover. The upper one, printed in blue, is a double
circle measuring 25mm. and 34mm. and containing the Imperial double eagle
Between the two circles is a French inscription "2mo Regiment Special
Infantorio Russo'. Below it is a military control mark in violet consisting
of a double oval 28imm. and 40mm. in length inscribed in French "controlled
by military authority" and the number is 184. Reverse also shows purple
double oval "controlled by military authority" in French and a paper censorz
sealing fold with ontrolo Postal Militairoe in a printed frame.

The third cover contains only one cancel" .-n; a violet oval with
outer double line measuring 48mm. long and an ..-.r oval 35mm. long. The
print is violet and the inscription in French roads "Administrative Officer
Surgical Automobile Ambulance in Russia". None of the covers boar postage
stamps which definitely confirms the use of free franking of mail for the
military (Figure 3).

Since the original article appeared in 1956, both the author and Dr.
Salisbury have been fortunate in acquiring a series of picture postcards of
great historical interest showing the Russian regiments at various activities
and on parade. We shall show these at a future Annual Mooting as space and
costs do not permit reproducing all of thom:in the jounnai.

Recent issue of Polish magazine Filatelista had an article about
the Rossica Society, illustration of the vignette honoring Russia #Il, by
A. M. Rosselevitch, account of our Now York meeting celebrating 100th.
Anniversary cf Russia #l, and it also described the December 14, 1957
issue of STAMPS edited by our Editor in Chief. The vignette appeared
on the cover of this issue, also the write-up of our meeting, profusely
illustrated, review of our journal and a detailed study of #1 by Mr. Paul
Davidson and Dr. Salisbury, as well as the History of the Russian Post b:.
our deceased member Capt. S. de Shramchenko.
V. Rachmanoff

Page 22 # 5

N 0 T E S O N M 0 N G 0 L I A


Following my recent article in "Rossica" I should liko to add a few
-queries in the hope that some readers will be able to assist with the
information in rdggrd to:-

S. DARtILTI, a town lying to the West of L :'hobosogdl. It is shown
as DAWHBKLtYN on a late. National Goographic map, also as DIRKHATSKI
on another. According to 1913 visitor, Darhati was then a prosper o-
commorcial town, the center of the cattle trado between Irkutsk crl
UTiankhai, where many Russian settlers lived. It is possible that
a P.O. existed at Darhati in those times, although evidence of it i-
lacking to date.

2. ULLN DABA. This town lies 50 miles East cf Ulanbator. It is shohr
as Ulan Dab on recent maps, but whether-a Russian P.O. existed the.-
is not known. Dr. Snegiroff's article (in No. 1/, American Philato:el
Congress Handbook, year 1948) indicates that Ulan Diba was a postal
routo terminus, so one might assume a Post Office existed. However
to best of my knowledge, no cancellation of the town is recorded.

3. GL. Early Russian cancellation. Proof of the doublo-lined oval
cancellation with URGA at center and undated (referred to in my
previous article) is still lacking, though its existence may be
inferred from Dr. Snogiroff's article. Has any reader an example
on cover.

4. TS-IN-SHABI. (Note from correspondence of the author to the editor).
My last letter mentioned a cover with Russian postage from Tsainshab"
in 1917, of which Cronin has sent you a photostat. I wrote tc
Tchilinghirian about the rectangular frank on this cover and he says
thoro is an illustration of the same type of frank on page 108 of hiE
Part 2 Used Abroad (Figure 104). However it is not quite the same,
as Figure 104 does not show the name c'f h town, whereas the frank
on my Tsain-shabi cover has the word vostok (in Russian of course
Tehilinghirian confirms that it is a CI ,ORSHIn mark, as Cronin.said,
but wonders if it was applied OUTSIDE Russia (in which case it should
be listed and illustrated in the Mongolia part cf his Part 4 USED
ROLD.), or inside Russia, at Chita or Irkutsk. Who can tell as to
this. The only postmarks on my cover are the two purple ones of Tsai
Shaba and Kalgan (in Russian) on back.

MONGOLL.. A. Rosselevitch.

Ls an addendum to the interesting article by Mr. G. S. Russell in
#54, titled "Mongolia", I wish to describe a cancellation in ioy collection
found on a Russian 10 ruble stamp, issue of 1906, on paper with vertical lai
lines, the cancellation (see illustration) is a double circle 30Cn. in dia-
meter with inscription within the two circles URGA IN MONGOLSI FOREIGN
P. 0. and five pointed stars with white dot in center. In the middle, bet
woon two horizontal lines, is date 23-5-09 in one line.

#55 Page 23

This cancellation thus differs from one described by G. S. Russell,
in that there is an addition of ZAGR. P. K. ", i.e. foreign post office.
This is the third typo of cancellation of Urga.


Coming now to Rosselevitch's cancellation and tracing, this URGA V
MONGOLII ZAGR. P. K. with serial "a" is a well known marking, of which theau
are examples even in a modest collection like mine. This was one of the tpo,.
I had in mind when I commented that there were one or two URGA date-stamps tc
be added to Russell's list. Evidence in Tolman's collection shows that this
type was in use in 1909/10, and this is the date we are giving for it in our
Part 1V. Unfortunately, we had to give the idea of reproducing in our book
of a photo of a cover with this postmark, which Tolman had submitted, because
space was limited, and we had to limit our selection to more outstanding
items than this.


Those who are interested in the stamps and postal history of Mongolia
should consult:-

1. Mongolia Issue China Section Bulletin, June 1956, f!65, Vol. 4, #1,
containing fine articles by:
a. A. Cronin Mongolia 1924 -27.
b. J. Negus Mongolian Cancellations 1924 56.
These may be obtained from E. Lane, 78, Broadfields Ave,
Edgoware, Middlesex, England.

2. Mongolia G. S. Russell Groat Wall, Vol. 1, #4, which covers not
only the Russian P. 0. there, but also the entire field.
It is the publication of the China Stamp Collectors Club of

3. Chin's Supplement C. W. Chiu, Editor, P. 0. Box 1657, Hong Kong.
The 1958 issues cover postal history of Outer Mongolia, list of 37
Mongolian towns and their names in Chinese characters, Russian P. 0.
and cancellations of URGA POCTOV. KONTORA in Russian in a single
circle with date in 3 lines in the center (see below). There is also
a write up of the local overprints of Manchuria 1946-47 on covers.

4. Index of China Clippor, Vol. 1 -XVIII. M. J. Albinok China
Stamp Society. 19187 Coyle Ave, Detroit 35, Michigan.

5. Mr. Rosselevitch also mentions an interesting book (publishing date
unknown) entitled "Visit to Uriankhai" by S. R. Mintslov, former
member of Russian Ministry of Agriculture. He was commissioned I7
Imperial Russian Government to study the questions of peasant
Page 24 #fo

by A. Cronin

Readers are, no doubt, already familiar with the circular censorship
type illustrated, showing a censor number and initial capital letter, to-
gether with a Russian inscription meaning "War Censcrship U. S. S. R".
Those known so far include the "L" initial for Leningrad, "LM for Moscow,
"M-k" for Murmansk and "T" for the Tadzhikstan Republic, "MW of course
being the most common.

The writer has just come across two Roumanian covers which show that :
similar type with the initial "P' (for Rumyniya) was in use by the RussiL.
censorship there during 1945-46. Both covers are from the same correspo_-
dence and were sent from Bucharest to London by registered express post.
The first was mailed on November 5, 1945 and lay in Bucharest for 20 days
while being censored by both the Roumanians (oblong marking in two lines
reading "CENZURAT/10" in black) and the Russian (censor #1 as shown, struck
in violet). The second cover was posted on December 3, 1945 and was still
in Bucharest on January 6, 1946, during which time the same Roumani
censor examined it, together with Soviet censor #5 whose cachet was applied
in black. Both covers carry 1600 Lei in postage.

In other words, sending letters by express post made little difference
at the time and it is also seems that the backlog of mail was increasing,
as the delays became longer. From the two numbers noted, it appears that
at least five Russian censors were on the job, and an examination cf fur'th::
Roumanian covers of the period may bring to light additional markings.
by R. Sklarevski

From 20 covers dated between 1942 and 1946 mailed from Iran we are able
to describe and illustrate a number of Soviet censor markings used by the
joint "Anglo-Soviet-Persian Censorship" (exact wording on English censor
markings). All Soviet markings, read in Russian "Soviet-Anglo-Iranian
Censorship" (see illustration). Most of the envelopes are sealed with white
strip, red wording, Iranian censor strips.

The markings that I have seen, both English and Russian, are all in
violet. I have the following Russian Censor Numbers:- 2, 7,.8, 11, 14, 16,
19, 22, 23 and 26. Although we illustrate only one type cf,.marking, we are
listing and describing two other types.

Type 1 Large letters Smallest circle scalloped. Censor No. 2
Type 2 Large Letters Censor No. 8
DYpe Small letters Conscrs Nos. 7, 11, 14, 16, 19, 22, 23 & 26.
(see illustration).

All of the markings are handstamped and because of human element ir-ol7-
in applying the strike, wear and tear of the canceller, they vary in si>,

Most of the covers are addressed to Chicago, Ill. as well as a few to
New York, N. Y. and Baghdad, Iraq.

#55 Page 2

by A. Cronin

Readers are, no doubt, already familiar with the circular censorship
type illustrated, showing a censor number and initial capital letter, to-
gether with a Russian inscription meaning "War Censcrship U. S. S. R".
Those known so far include the "L" initial for Leningrad, "LM for Moscow,
"M-k" for Murmansk and "T" for the Tadzhikstan Republic, "MW of course
being the most common.

The writer has just come across two Roumanian covers which show that :
similar type with the initial "P' (for Rumyniya) was in use by the RussiL.
censorship there during 1945-46. Both covers are from the same correspo_-
dence and were sent from Bucharest to London by registered express post.
The first was mailed on November 5, 1945 and lay in Bucharest for 20 days
while being censored by both the Roumanians (oblong marking in two lines
reading "CENZURAT/10" in black) and the Russian (censor #1 as shown, struck
in violet). The second cover was posted on December 3, 1945 and was still
in Bucharest on January 6, 1946, during which time the same Roumani
censor examined it, together with Soviet censor #5 whose cachet was applied
in black. Both covers carry 1600 Lei in postage.

In other words, sending letters by express post made little difference
at the time and it is also seems that the backlog of mail was increasing,
as the delays became longer. From the two numbers noted, it appears that
at least five Russian censors were on the job, and an examination cf fur'th::
Roumanian covers of the period may bring to light additional markings.
by R. Sklarevski

From 20 covers dated between 1942 and 1946 mailed from Iran we are able
to describe and illustrate a number of Soviet censor markings used by the
joint "Anglo-Soviet-Persian Censorship" (exact wording on English censor
markings). All Soviet markings, read in Russian "Soviet-Anglo-Iranian
Censorship" (see illustration). Most of the envelopes are sealed with white
strip, red wording, Iranian censor strips.

The markings that I have seen, both English and Russian, are all in
violet. I have the following Russian Censor Numbers:- 2, 7,.8, 11, 14, 16,
19, 22, 23 and 26. Although we illustrate only one type cf,.marking, we are
listing and describing two other types.

Type 1 Large letters Smallest circle scalloped. Censor No. 2
Type 2 Large Letters Censor No. 8
DYpe Small letters Conscrs Nos. 7, 11, 14, 16, 19, 22, 23 & 26.
(see illustration).

All of the markings are handstamped and because of human element ir-ol7-
in applying the strike, wear and tear of the canceller, they vary in si>,

Most of the covers are addressed to Chicago, Ill. as well as a few to
New York, N. Y. and Baghdad, Iraq.

#55 Page 2

by A. Rossolovitch

After the appearance of my article in #51 Rcssica about the overprints
of North West Army, I received many letters from the readers who shared with
mo their findings and sent me certain stamps from their collections for in-
spection. This enables me to add to my article some interesting details,
and to clarify those points which wore not clear.

First of all, about the stamps of 0. K.C. A. our rospocted member,
Baron C. do Stackelborg,accuratoly underlined the fact that the cancellatic .
of Station "MOLOSKOVITSIY", St. Petersburg Gubernia, does not accidentally
figure on the groat majority of theso stamps. On this station, during
several weeks, wore the headquarters of the North West Army and it was thus
the center which connected it to the sources of supplies. From here staff
departments wore transferred to Gatchina, after this the headquarters were
moved with the retreating Army to the Estonian border. Thus the people who
were in charge of spreading and selling of the stamp supplies of 0. K.C. A.
utilized the canceller of station Moloskovitsy, not only on the spot of tho:'
presence, but later on, in Estonia, where the c:-'- 1loer served for fabri-
cation of covers and for cancellation of stamps, -n in entire shoots.

There wore instances when the stamps of 0. K. C. L. served their
legitimate purpose for payment of postage for normal private corrospondneco.
One of our readers, sent us, from the far off land whore he resides data and
photographs of a letter and a post card franked by the 0. K. C. A. stamps,
and as a rare instance or exception of normal usage of postal payment. Both
wore found in 1921, in Moscow, in.the postal branch or otdel, of undelivered
mail, where they ended up after the conclusion of the Peace of Riga, between
Poland and R. S. F. S. R. and both have the postmark of "WARSAW 1, 15 May
1921" in Polish. Both wore addressed to a place where it was impossible to
deliver mail, because of military action and both have Polish and Estonian
markings and inscriptions, attesting to this fact.

Letter was franked only with the stamps of 0. K. C. A. two of 20 kop.
and one of 10 kop. pasted on the reverse side of the envelope. (see Photo-
graph) and cancelled POITA SPB. 3 November 1919. Letter was addressed to the
village of Vasilievskoyo, of sqone volost, Bobrov yesd, Voronezh Gubernia.
Along side of stamps, postmark of 70Tarsaw and on the face of the cover, red
Polish inscription "Na Sokhranonio" or 'to hold" and two small postmarks of
Polish and Estonian post, blue and rod.

The dato on the postmark is a bit questionable, on the canceller of
Polna SFB. 3 November 1919, as one is forced to deduce that a new style cal-
endar was introduced, something that was not done in other parts of freed
Russia, especially in the South. Actually the town of Luga was yielded to
the Reds, on new style 2nd. Novcaber (21 Oct. old style) and town of Gdov on
8th. of November (27th. Oct. old style) thus the :.-to on the postmark of .Polna
must be only in the now stylo, as Polna romaine: the hands of Whites up
to 6th. or 7th. of November 1919.

Pago 26 #55

The postcard is still mcrb interesting (soo photograph). This card,
issued by the Provisional Govt. (oaglc without crown and overprint of 5 kop.,
brown) with addod franking consisting of 0. K. C. A. stamp of 5 kop. and
stamp of tho Russian Empire 10 kop., issuo 1889-04 on paper with vertical
lines. Those were cancelled by the postmark of POLNA GIB. 2nd October 1919
(Polna, St. Potorsburg Gubornia) and it is addressed to ORSHL, Mogilov Gub.
There is an inscription in Polish Odue to lack of communication to be hal,"'
ahi a little blue mark of the Polish censor.

Finding of those two documents, (it is possible thoro are others)
similar to those or with cancellations of other settlements does not give
us basis to conclude that stamps of 0. K. C. A.. were regularly sold at the
post office of Polna. Post card proves that franking has an accidental
character, as the, stamps of 1889-04 wore not sold anywhere in any P. 0. in
1919, and especially in a little village, where it. was never possible to
have largo stores of stamp. suppliesof old issues. If the sender of the
postcard purchased stamps at the P. 0. he would have cotton only the stamps
of 0. K. C. L. or (if these woron't. enough) the stamps of theEmpiro issue
1909, but never of 1889-04.. Thus we shall not deduce by error, that the
sendor'had already the needed additional stamps, or received them from a
private individual. I shall return to this lat' r, while I describe a simil-a

Regardless of the sources of those stamps thoy do not reflect upon the
value of these documents, which appear to be among the most interesting
postal communications of the Civil War.

As to the overprint of the North West Army we can add new data to my
Article in No. 51, of our journal; I spoke there that the round dot in
letter *Yat" in the word USev." (2nd. Letter) does not stand for irrefutable
genuiness of the overprint. Actually somo, more rodent forged,ovorprints on
kop. values have some such dots, quite formless, but however able to fool
those who merely lock for them and for nothing elso.

Fantastic oval cancellation of the Field Postal Telograph Office
(Polovoi P. T. Kontory) appears also on genuine overprints, mainly on cheap
stamps of this series. Cancellation is either in blue or gray, Jots are
square, size 32x25imm., with date more frequently 19 or 20 of Sopto.bor, 1919.

Up to now, philatelists considorod the overprint of North West Army on
2/114 kop. stamp as tho. rarest. There oxists however an overprint on the 35
kop. imperforate stamp which was prepared on only 20 stamps. It is difficult
to juLgo whether they were in the original and official release or in the
additional and unofficial. Our member of Rossica, Mr. K. Frcyman is the
'lucky owner of one example of this rarity and he was most obliging in sending
it to us for an examination. Besides this, Mr. Froyman has in his collection.
1. Overprint on 10 ruble stamp, perforated. "FETROGM. 29 LUG. 1919J.4.
Postmark is genuine, but the stamp most '.ieoly was nover used.
Maslogostitsy is near the border of Pct -ad Gubornia, 32-33 vor-- t
North of Pskov, on a rural road (prosol. .ioi) going from Pskov '..a
Polny to Gdov.

#55 Page ?7

2. Letter with 4 stamps of N. W. Army with cancellation of S. LUDONI,
PETR. GUB. 18 Oct. 1919y. reached Tallin October 24th

3. Letter with 1 ruble stamp, perforated, with black overprint of N. W.
Army sent from Polna August 4, 1919 and received in Uriev on August
11, 1919. The stamp is also cancelled with a lilac "TARTU S. B." in
a rectangular frame, which evidently is an Estonian censor marking..

4. A letter with mixed franking of one 20 kop. N. W. Army and a strip
of 3 of 5 kop. (issue of 1909) unoverprinted Imperial Russia. Malcr:
from Polna, August 25, 1919 to Gdov, but there is no receiving
Gdov postmark.

All of these letters and cancellations are without a doubt rare excep.-
ions to the general rules, according to which, stacps of North West Army e:.-
seen only with PSKOV postmark, with which were c i led letters with phiJ-
telic franking and stamps in sheets, or large bl. c.s. Military action in Pa
comparatively small sector, changes in the front lines, and transfer of
officers and the Army as well as of the departments and officials, aided tLh
fact that people who*'purchased stamps in Pskov, after the fall of this town
on August 28th,, wont to other places where they were able to use a part of
these stamps or ask at the P. 0. for cancellation by favor at other settle-
ments or towns.

I shall emphasize that there are two cancellers of Pskov, lst., known
to all round, with a thicker outer ring, made mostlikely during the Civil
War, in place of pre-war type, lost or carried away during the evacuation of
the city, which suffered through several changes of Government. 2nd., oval,
with words FSKOV VCKZAL in Russian, This cancellaticn is met consider-
ably less often, and as far as I can judge cancelled stamps of North West
Army, on letters that were not of speculative nature.

Coming back to earlier described postcard with stamps of 0. K. C. A.,
and the letter with the stamps of North West Army, both having additional
franking of Russian stamps of various issues without overprint,.I think that
documents prove that there were no special stamps sold in the P. 0. at Polna,
and that these were already hold by those people who sent their letters
through this post office.

Actually if these stamps wore at the P. 0., it is difficult to believe
that they were sold, one to a purchaser, adding needed franking with stamps
without overprint; it is more logical to assume that these special stamps
were held by certain individuals, who purchased at the P. 0. the regular
Russian stamps if additional franking was needed '-' the determined rate.

A comparatively large number of seen stamps with the cancellation of
Polna, and complete absence of stamps with the cancellation of Gdov, allows
us to deduce that the post office at Gdov was disorganized or cleaned out by
the Red Army prior to its departure from the city. It seems that the mail
from Gdov was sent to Polna, where letters were cancelled and sent to theb:
destinations. Thus for example, from the text on the other side of the post
card one learns thrt it3 sender !voed and worked in Gdov, but it has

Page 28 #5"

noevrtholoss the postmark of Polna. The described above letter with mixed
franking however, vas the opposite, was sent from Polna to Gdov. As the one
and the same canceller could not have travellod from Gdov to Polna and back,
and used in one and in the other place, it is perfectly cloar that P. 0. in
_ Polna, besides its regular functions, looked after the correspondence which
was posted in Gdov.

We are deprived of the opportunity of judging why it was not deemed
necessary to reestablish the Gdov P. 0. and to make at least a temporary,
now canceller with the name of this city, as was done in Pskov.

We should noto, in any case that Gdov was in the White Russian hands
barely six months, from the middle of May to November 8, 1919 (new style),
and that during that time the front approached this town, almost to the
010 Discount on all purchases 15% Discount on all purchases
Oof $2.00 and up. of .10.00 and up. 0
0 0
0 o L. & F. STAMP S E' V I CE ooooo -6
0 o o
0 o Box #1. GRAD LEDGE, ooo000
0 ocooo o
01. Stamples covers from 1812 to 1870 in stock. Also postal stationery.6
02. Price list furnished on request.
03. Approvals at about 70% discount from Scott's on Russia, States & 0
0 Poland. 0
04. I also have Zemstvos in stock. 0
ooOOOOC OOOOOOooCo Coc O cOoocoocoC0oc OOo oocCOCOoocOC C-C OC CCC OOOOo00

X 280 -Riverside Drive X
X New York 25., Y. .
X x
X x
X Want lists for collectors and dealers filled by return mail. Better X
X grade approval books by country also available. Many rarities and X
X oddities for specialists. X


X Other Continents on hand; although weaker.
#xxXIX-5XXX/x=:-;7 Ix: r_ O ,T S 7XXX5oXXxXXxxC': -' "- 'lXs XXyXXX2XXX

#55 Page 29

by Dr. C. do Stackolborg

Looking cver my 10 ruble stamps of the Arrf tes of 1915-23 with the
hope of finding the Huddy flaw, I discovered a r- .. ch which to my knowledge,
has never been before described in the philatelic literature. The Huddy flaw
was described in the British Journal of Russian Philately, No. 23, March 1958,
pages 725 and 726, by W. H. H. Huddy. The flaw consists in the line enci4rli:
the Arms center being broken at the bottom. This is found on some sheets i"
positions 35 and 42. Please see illustration A of the normal stamp and
illustration B of the flaw.

The retouch which I discovered appears on the 4.9th stamp, on the shee f:
of the 1918 to 1922 printings, clean and rough perforated, where the small
white oval shaped ornament just below the Arms oval has been filled out to
produce, in the middle of the ornament a small irregular white square,
slightly slanted to the loft. Please see the illustration C.

I wish to thank the Editor, Mr. F. Julius Fohs, Mr. E. L. Wisowell, Jr.
Mr. N. V. SaiAtzky, and Mr. L. Glass for their kind assistance in confirming
the position of the retouch on the sheet. Incidentally Mr. Glass also din-
covered the retouch while locking for the Huddy flaw, and Mr. R. SklareIwsfi.
has known it for several years. I am likewise deeply grateful to Mr WH. H.
Huddy for the data on his flaw, the addenda received from his corrospondeits,
and for his permission to use his illustration, as shown in B.J.R.P. Mr.
Wisewoll owns a number of covers with this retouch, all of which are dated
Moscow, July-August, 1922.

Hwoweer, apparently none of the above mentioned have yet seen an
imperforate 10 rouble stamp with this retouch.

The problem before us is the time of issuarr -f the 10 ruble imperforate
stamp. If they were issued before 1918, as Mr. irt seems to indicate, in
his excellent check-list, published in the Stanley Gibbons Journal of July/
August 1927, and should the stamp, No. 49 on the sheet, have been retouched
only in 1918, then there is the possibility that no imperforate retouched
stamps exist. Perhaps some of our Rossica readers can come to our assistance
on this point, or find a retouched 10-rouble imperforate stamp. After all,
Mr. Huddy informs us that his flaw was only known on the imperforato stamps,
until he heard from Mr. Wisewell of Boston, who found his flaw on a sheet of
perforated stamps. As a proof he sent a photo of a sheet containing the flaw
in the known positions.

ihrn corresponding about the above flaw and retouch, many members and
friends Lhave brought to the Editors and my attention quite a number of flaws
and retouches which have not yet, to our knowledge, been listed in any
catalogue or check-list.

Presently they comprise the following:

Mr. E. C. Peel of North Harrow, Middlesex, England has informed the
Editor that he has found 5r. (3 stamps) wh-re the first "A" in Pochtovaya
Marka is larger and nearly touches theo"B (Rissian "u') and where the
Russian "Ya" is taller than normal, with a squatish appearance. See illo D'

Page 30 #5

They were found on

(a). a stamp, perf. 12i, postmarked Lubino, Petr. 16.1.21.
(b). a stamp, perf. 12-, postmarked Potrograd 12.1.21.
(c). a stamp, perf. 134, postmarked Podobinc, Tver G. 6.8.20.

Mr. Feel has also a 5 ruble stamp perforated 12 with omitted back-
ground, postmarked Zaikovo, Viteb. 21.12.20. Dr. Salisbury has a mint
copy of the same stamp, with center shifted.

Mr. W.H.H. Huddy of Cornwall, England has sent to the Editor a 1 R.
stamp, perforated 134, with horizontal chalk lines, where the tor left
arm of the "Y" in "RYBu is touching "I and the left arm is continued aczron:-
the top part of the "B" making the tail of the "B" appear twice as wide as
in the normal stamp. It is found in the 2nd. from the bottom row in the ,
sheet. See illustration E.

Mr. Sklarevski in Towson, Md. has two copies of 10 ruble stamp cancelled
in 1922 and one mint copy in a small block of four where the Russian "L"
joins "B" at the bottom in "Rublei". See illustration F. Judging by the
position of the St. Andrews Cross in the small block belonging to Mr.
Sklarevski, the position of this variety in the sheet could be No. 41 to 4A,

Then Mr. Cronin discovered a 35 kop. of this issue, where the whole
right hand corner of the stamp has been rotouchc See illustration G.
His note on this retouch follows this article.

I myself looking for Mr. Cronints retouch in my collection have
discovered three 35 kop. stamps where part of the upper loop of the top
right "3" is missing, thus separating the upper rounded end from the body of
the figure 3. This flaw I found on the 24th. stamp of the left lower panel,
-which bears below the plate number KRED TYP 1910 ", which Mr. Julius Fohs
classifies as the First. Printing of the stamp. See illustration H. I also
found the same flaw on an Ukrainian stamr-, Kharkov, Type II, black overprint,
perforated anc on an Armenian stamp, First Provisional Overprint, type II,
black overprint, perforated.

This subject is sc intorestinr that the Editor is asking our readers
and friends to notify us of all the varieties, errors, flaws and retouches
of which they know of and which are not'listed in specialized catalogues
as Romeko 1956 or the chock-list of Mr. Vibert, already mentioned above.

We feel that the time has come to compile and to publish a new and mere
complete and up to date check-list of this beautiful issue, which still
proudly bore the Imperial Russian .rms far into Soviet times, so as to
commemorate the 50th. anniversary of the issuance of those stamps next ye....

Mr. Sklarevski informs me that he has found the broken"3's" in an
imperforate sheet, with 4 red brown position dots, as well as perforated
and imperforate blocks of 4 showing two plate flaws. They are of-course ..
a later printing than mentioned by me in this article. The positi -tof t.:a
fl.av in the imperfo rate shnet, which ax.pP- twice, =- Nos, 78 & 80,, bet ..

#55 Pagoe 3.

rignt corner pane. The perforated block of four has right hand margin
and is probably from the same position as in the imperforate sheet, and
tho stamps fall into positions 78, 79, 88 and 89.

Finally, as we have been speaking of the rouble value of the Arms Type
Issue, I would like to refer to Mr. Rosselevitch's Notes on page 43 in the
English Edition of Rossica, #45 of 1955, concerning the extremely rare
5 ruble perforate stamp, inverted background, which he owned and sold in
1948. The whereabouts of this stamp is presently unknown to him. I also
own such a stamp, having discovered it in 1932, while examining the stock
of a stamp dealer in Helsin;;fors, Finland. My stamp is cancelled, probably
Petrograd, in May 1917, wheras the stamp that once belonged to Mr.
Rosselevitch, was as far as he remembers, of a later 1918 to 1919 printing,

by R. Sklarevski

During the shortage of postage stamps some v.'ues of Postal Savings
and Control Stamps were used for postal purposes. Lost of the catalogues
except Scott list them.

These stamps are very common when used for their original purpose and
somewhat better when used postally. We are not here to discuss their various
uses, but to announce a NEW DISCOVERY.

We had been suspicious for a long time that there was a great possibility
for these stamps to have inverted or reversed backgrounds, depending on the
value .

25 kop. black & brown (Gibbons #198) postal savings on normal stamps
convex loops (see Fig. 1), while on the stamps with inverted background,
the loops are concave (see Figure 2). The only other value that has a similar
background is the 50 kop. brown postal savings stamp.

10 and. 25 ruble postal savings stamps have the same background as Scott
No. 60a. 11. of the copies that I have seen are with the inverted background
(probably normal for that stamp), i.e. same as on Scott No. 60a (Gibbons
No. 70b) (see Figure 3).

Almost all of the Control stamps used paper with backgrounds of 25 &
50 kop. of Postal Savings stamps, except with the convex surface of the loops
facing to the left ( We have copies of 1 ruble orange and 25 ruble with
convex surface facing to the right )", which we consider inverted. See
Figure 5.

Since our collection contains single copi. riy, we have not been able
to confirm the inverted backgrounds on 50 kop. i r. savings as well as on
25, 50 kop., 3, 5, 10 and 100 rubles of control stamps.

The other values of either set were not considered due to the fact
that the background is the same in either direction.

Page 32 #5

by A. Cronin

Remarks in the Journal cn plate flaws of the 15k. Arms type and its
descendents, reminds the writer that an interesting constant variety is also
to be found on some printings of the 35k. Arms.

This is in the form of a prominent retouch to the upper right section
of the design. It is easily seen with the naked eye and extends from the
end of the bunched-up drape at right across the backfound to the figures
of value and frame lines. The orderly arrangemon-t of dots making up the
background has been disturbed and a.haphazard g 'ng of blobs appears
instead, while the "3" of "35" is noticeably la : than in the other
corners. The space between the inner and outer frame lines is irregular a'
wider than in the rest of the design; in addition both frame lines are
buckled outwards and the corners rounded to some extent.

It would seem that this is an electro variety, as it is only found on
the later perforated and imperforate printings which show no numbers in the
sheet margins but only the single pips in reddish-purple at the outer ends
of the four gutters. Its position is on the second stamp of the bottom
right pane and it appooar 'to be the result of a blow to the electro.

Single copies or sheets showing the original damage may well exist,
but the writer has not come accrods .them as yet. Such items, together
with dated copies showin. the whole sequence..and period of use of these
varieties would be well locking for.

Editorial Comment:-R. Sklarevski confirms the above flaw as 57th. stamp in
the sheet of 100 (2nd. stamp in the lower right hand pane) and it occurs in
the same sheet with two broken "31s".

by A. L. Chebothevich

I have the red and the black cancellations, commemorating 100th.
Anniversary of Russia No. 1, as descrtbod by John Barry in #54., on a
souvenir sheet issued in Moscow in 1957 during the International Phila-
telic Exhibition. I also have a rod cancollatir i the Imperial #44+,
1889 violet and green 50.kop. gluod on a rectan white piece of paper.

The previously mentioned sheet ia a light blue green with a scroll on
capital letters, bel w, a similar scroll with. MOSCVA 1957 ". In the
contor is a circle with ornaments reprosonting the globe in blue with white
lettering % For peace and Friendship and around the: globe in a white space
in blue letters "VI International Festival of Youth and Students, Moscow
1957 ". On each side is a picture of O4 kop. stamp of USSR commemorating
the event. The sheet is ornamental with blue design of leaves. Postmarks
were applied to bottom edge of each sheet.

#55 Page

by A. Cronin

Remarks in the Journal cn plate flaws of the 15k. Arms type and its
descendents, reminds the writer that an interesting constant variety is also
to be found on some printings of the 35k. Arms.

This is in the form of a prominent retouch to the upper right section
of the design. It is easily seen with the naked eye and extends from the
end of the bunched-up drape at right across the backfound to the figures
of value and frame lines. The orderly arrangemon-t of dots making up the
background has been disturbed and a.haphazard g 'ng of blobs appears
instead, while the "3" of "35" is noticeably la : than in the other
corners. The space between the inner and outer frame lines is irregular a'
wider than in the rest of the design; in addition both frame lines are
buckled outwards and the corners rounded to some extent.

It would seem that this is an electro variety, as it is only found on
the later perforated and imperforate printings which show no numbers in the
sheet margins but only the single pips in reddish-purple at the outer ends
of the four gutters. Its position is on the second stamp of the bottom
right pane and it appooar 'to be the result of a blow to the electro.

Single copies or sheets showing the original damage may well exist,
but the writer has not come accrods .them as yet. Such items, together
with dated copies showin. the whole sequence..and period of use of these
varieties would be well locking for.

Editorial Comment:-R. Sklarevski confirms the above flaw as 57th. stamp in
the sheet of 100 (2nd. stamp in the lower right hand pane) and it occurs in
the same sheet with two broken "31s".

by A. L. Chebothevich

I have the red and the black cancellations, commemorating 100th.
Anniversary of Russia No. 1, as descrtbod by John Barry in #54., on a
souvenir sheet issued in Moscow in 1957 during the International Phila-
telic Exhibition. I also have a rod cancollatir i the Imperial #44+,
1889 violet and green 50.kop. gluod on a rectan white piece of paper.

The previously mentioned sheet ia a light blue green with a scroll on
capital letters, bel w, a similar scroll with. MOSCVA 1957 ". In the
contor is a circle with ornaments reprosonting the globe in blue with white
lettering % For peace and Friendship and around the: globe in a white space
in blue letters "VI International Festival of Youth and Students, Moscow
1957 ". On each side is a picture of O4 kop. stamp of USSR commemorating
the event. The sheet is ornamental with blue design of leaves. Postmarks
were applied to bottom edge of each sheet.

#55 Page

(based on author's collection)
by Kurt Adler

Reference Journal #46/.7, Type Cl (Page 10, 'iustration C).

Pocht. Vagon Lugansk-Kramatorskaya. Date illegible (2)
Pocht. Vagon Kramatorskaya-Lugansk Zh. D. 20 Jan. 1886 (2)
Has no number next to day date.
Pochtovy Vagon Derpt-Taps (1). 1879.. 1 (sideways).

Type D2 (Page 13, not illustrated).

Pocht. Vagon
519 2V- 15 5
Yekterinoslav Koristovka

Double circle postmark, similar to the oval Kremenots Dubno.
(The numeral "l" is not the r6ute but the number of the canceller).
Date 1917.

Khabarovsk 1 Boch Karyevo

Reference My article on unusual postmarks, Journal #48. Double Circle
T. P. 0.

Ramenskoye Moskva .
1915 *a
Pocht. Vagon-

Double circle T. P. 0. on entire -7-tcard. Old Imperial
canceller with old spelling in tL ;' of letter "E" still
used at a late Soviet date.

Maikop Byeloryechenskaya. Pocht. Vag. (3-5-26)

Reference Journal#46/47 (Illustration 5). Journal #48 (Page 34, Type E).

P. 0. V. No. No. at bottom Year
3 7 1885
From Zvony, Pocht. St. Pskov. Gub. to Amsterdam
4 5 1889
From Zapolye to St. Petersburg.
6 3 1896
6 4 1892
To New York,

Reference Journal #48. (Page 35, not illustrated). Type E2.

On canc. P. V. No. 138 (2) (Addressed to Austria).
Route Baku Vladikavkaz

Page 34 '15

Imperial Oval RR Postmarks other than listed.
* Reference Journal #46/47, Type H illustrationn 8) .48 (Pape 38).
1 St. Petersburg Moscow 40 Riga St. Petersburg
Petrograd Moscow 40 "'- sa St. Petersburg
2 Moscow St. Potersburg 40 ,Iga Petrograd
Moscow Potrograd 60 Sevastopol Kharkov
4 Warsaw St. Petersburg 86 Libava Riga
Warsaw Petrograd (1915) 86 Muraviova- Riga(1909)
4 Vilna S.P.Burg. (0td) (1915) 89 Taps Hapsal
6 Vorzhbolovo S.P.Burf. 89 Riga Taps (1910)
6 Verzhbolovo Vilno (Otd) (1913) 90 Hapsal Taps
6 Verzhbolovo Petrograd (Otd) (1915) 90 Taps Riga
19 Kharkov Rostov (Otd) (1914) 151 Uralsk Petrovskaya Slobod
24 Kostroma Bologoye (1915 & 16) 152 Uralsk Petrovskaya Slobora
24 Kostroma Petrograd (1917) (probably postal error)
26 Sosnovitsi Warsaw (1912)
26 Granitsa Warsaw (1912)
39 St. Petersburg Riga
39 St. Petersburg Hapsal (1911)
39 Petrograd Riga (1915)


153 Khabarovsk Vladivostok 266 Port Arthur Kharbin (1905)
154 Vladovostok Khabarovsk 266 Kwangchensi Kharbin (1915)

B Reference Journal #54 Addition to the list.
Inadvertedly parts of the routes were missing in the listing. The blanks
in the route numbers when filled in, make the routes read as follows:-

307 308. 317 318. 327 328. 329 -:

Reference Variation of Postmark Type H illustrated) .

As an addition to ir. Kehtro's excellent article about RR cancellations
I would like to draw our member's attention to two oval Rail. Road Station
postmarks on post cards which differ from the standard RR station cancel-
lations in measurements and lettering. Strangely enough, both of the post
cards were used at the Brest RR Stations, one in Moscow, the other in Warsaw,
the Western terminal of the line. Both oval cancellations are longer in
horizontal, and shorter in the vertical axis. The measurements being
34x23mm. for Warsaw postmark and 32x21mm. for the Moscow cancellation. T"h
color of the postmarks in black. The Moscow oval has unusually hirh date
numbers (5mm.). (Please see illustration page).

The postcards were cancelled in 1906 and 1907, rather shortly after the
establishment of the new standard oval RR postmarks (in 1905). It would be
very interesting to hear from our members whether other RR stops on Brest

S #55 Page 35

line, like Brest Litovsk, Smolensk, and others used the same type of
cancellers, different from standard only.

Editorial Note.' Probably for mail taken at the RR Stations on various
stops on Brest RR line.

Unrecorded Postmarks (illustrated) (Railway)
1 Libavo Gazonpotski Uzkokol Podyezdnoi. Tti
Station Grobin 2/VI (1903)
From Grobin'via Libava,- 2 VI 1903 to I--- (post card)
Cancellation is purple color.-

Unrecorded Postmarks (illustrated) Circular.
(1) Bilingual
Tukkum 1831 Schrundeu (1857) (day and month in manuscript)
Friedrichstadt 1845 (manuscript date). Frauenburg 1.831:
(2) Dispatch Postmark
Bausk Otpravleno (dispatched) 1849

(3) Postmarks of different P. 0. Sections of St. Petersburg.
S. Petersburg Otdelenie (section) 1, 1824
S. Petersburg Otdelonie"-(section)' 2 1835
S. Petersburg Otdelenie (section) 3 1848
Otdelenie 4 (in framed rectangle.) was -illustrated in .Jourrnal. #54.
() Rare cancellation of Riga. 1828.
K. P. means Kolesochnaya Pochta' (ail Coach Postal Service).
(5) Same as (4). e'xcept'for itava. 1833.
Oval, without a data.

(6) Oval postmarks of Small Baltic P.O.' s. '(in German)'
Post Neuer Muohlon .1846 (Manuscript date).
Post Engelhardshof 1849 '(In collection of Kurt Adler)
Post Bilchensehe 1838 (IA collection of.Kurt Adler)

Page 36 .


by Kurt Adler


Herewith we are giving:-

a. Corrections.
b. -Clarifications, whore some lines did not show well in printing.

Journal #49/50 Pame 19. 1 kop. yellow should read 1 kop. oran7c yellow.
Page 22. #324a should be dark brown & green.

Journal #54 Page 59. The shade varieties for the 8 kop. value should
be indicated as follows.

P. 11-x12l Imporf
X-------------- brown olive
olive gray
X-..------.- black olive
dark olive
black green
olive ro-engr.
dark brown clive
light brown olive

Pae 60. Add X under 30 -. grey violet (last column).
Page 61. 1 1926
Move arll X's from 7 column to ImD. column,
starting with 9 kop. value. Lith. Typo.

Page 62. Clarification. In printing vertical separating
lines did not show up well.

3 rubles Ist. column Type I, next 4 columns are Type II.
Page 63. Ad X's in Column 1926/Imp./Typo.u

1 ruble-red brown. 2 rubles-carmine & green.

Page 63. Clarification. In printing vertical separating
lines did not show up well, 3 rubles-dark brown & rreen.
Ist. two columns Type I. Last two columns Type II.

ERRATA TO LETTERS FROM COLLECTORS. Journal #54, P. 54 (Kurt Adlor).

There was, through an oversight of mine, a regretable error in postmark:
dates of the Komandorski Ostrcva cover. Herewith we are giving correct date
"Petrcpavlovski Port Sept. 1, 1889, incoming (yoar by manuscript). The out-
gcin postmark is "December 14, 1889" and the arrival postmark at St. Peters
burg is "June 8, 1890".

#55 Page 37

by E. Marcovitch

Part III Transition Period. 1916 1923.

By popular demand we interrupt the sequence of the Catalogue of Erinno-
philia to publish Part III. We shall resume the proper order upon comple-
tion of this section.

The Editors


Phantasies ( timbres de fantaisie, bogus) although not considered as
counterfeit stamps, since they are not forgeries of the regularly issued
postage stamps, were prepared by their originators with the same idea as
those issues prepared by the counterfeiters, and that is to lead the collect-
ors and dealers astray, with the purpose of making a profit. In most of the
cases the bogus items resemble postage stamps, which allego'edlywere issued in
a definite locality at a definite time, while actually they were phantastic
fruits of unscrupulous individuals.

In most of the cases they appeared during the times of unrest, Civil and
World Wars, revolutions or times of politicalturmoil. These dramatic moment
in lives of people give philatelic speculators opportune time of starting
their productivity, since it is impossible.in many cases to get a proof of a
bonafidness of an issue.

War of 1914-18 and the chaos in Russia which followed, downfall of
Monarchy, coup d'etat by bolsheviks, Civil War, and establishments of new,
often short lived governments on the territory of the Russian Empire, opened
wide vistas for issuing of numerous postage and revenue stamps. At the same
time, in Russia as well as abroad, begrn to appear phantasies, as though
appearing in Russia, while in realty they were manufactured in Turkey,
Germany, France, Italy, and other countries, flooding the European market
and even penetrating Russia, although in smaller quantities.

Bogus stamps may be of two types: either overprints on genuine stamps,
or stamps ( actually vignettes) of original designs. Many of these issues,
especially those of overprints, found their way o European and American
catalogues, where they remained for many years. -s their true status became
known, they gradually were taken out of the catalogues, although some of them
for some unknown reason still remain there. The reverse also happened, i.e.
stamps which were actually issued, were removed from the catalogues. Among
the stamps of these turbulent times, also are questionable ones, i.e. ones
whose status even now in not clear. One does not know whether they are bogus
stamps or whether they have a perfectly legitimate reason of being in the

All bogus stamps when their status became known were boycotted by collect-
ors, and also by honest dealers. They were laid aside as questionable items
and little or no value was placed upon them.

Page 38 #55

A score of years or two have passed. Both the war of 1914-18 and the
Civil War are now a history; participants in these wars are dying off;
World War II came with its horrors and hard times. Huge quantities of new
issues have appeared, bothofficial and non official, speculative as well as
bogus. Older phantasies started to disappear and now are found less and
less often. On the other hand the demand for them has increased for the
following reasons. After World War I a now type of collecting was developed
- thematic (topical philately). For theme collections of "World War I" or
"Civil War in Russia", phantasies of this. epoch are necessary, as curious
documents of these turbulent times.

At the same time the scope of Erinnophilia has spread, and collectors
of vignettes begrn to add phantasies to their collections, as examples of
this interesting epoch. I personally think that one is perfectly correct
to do that, since these stamps can not be considered as postage or revenue
stamps; their place is in a collection of vignettes of the first World War
and the period immediately following it period beginning with revolution
and Civil War.

With the strengthening of Soviet Rule and .,blishment of USSR,
pharntsies disappeared; except during and following World War II when they
started to appear again in huge quantities.

We begin the 3rd. part of the Catalogue of Vignettes of Russia with
the phantasies of 1916-23 period, which will be useful not only to collectors
of Erinnophilia but also to philatelists. This catalogue will help to
separate little known material and to distinguish phantasios and speculative
emissions from those having official status.

For preparation of this catalogue we utilized the following sources:

1. Collections of Dr. G. B. Salisbury, J. Pcsell, R. Sklarevski and
E. Marcovitch.
2. Journal "Soviet Philatelist" (1924) and "Soviet Collector" (1925).
3. Handbook "Les Tinbros de Fantaisie" by Georges Chapicr. 1936,
1939 and 1952 editions.
4. *Russland Spezial Sammlung dos Barons Carl von Scharfenberg" by
Oscar Riop. 1925.
5. 1927 and 1928 Catalcouc of F. Chuchin.
6. Standard Catalopues of Scott) Yvert and Tellier, Michel, Zumstein
and others.
7. Catalogue of War Stamps byTrachtenberg, published by Yvert and. Tell -
8. Catalogues of "Romako'. 1927 & 1956.

Listinp of all known to us series


1. Revolutionary series on Romanov Jubileo stamps (produced by
Trachtenberg) 1917.
2. Russian Levant- original designs (immitation of Levant No. 3)
3. Private Post 1918.
4. Generals of White Army Issue 1919

#55 Page39

5. Odessa Help the Hungry Issue.
6. Soviet series with portraits (Lenin, Trotzky, and Zinoviev).
7. Soviet series (allegorical figures).


1. iovocherkask (bogus overprints).
2. Counterfeits of "Yedinaya Rassiaw (Der a) issue.
3. North Army (General Miller).
4. Army of the West (with double headed eagle),
5. Army of the West (in memory of freeing of Russia).
6. Army of the West ( "Postgebiet Ob. Ost. overprints on stamps
of Germany).


1. Asobny Astrad (Formerly listed in Scott's under White Russia).
2. Belaruss Poshta (White Russia Post).


1. Polish Eagle overprint on original stamps of Ukraina.
2. Overprint South Russia.
3. "Ukraine" overprint on Romanov stamps.
4. Overprinted for Ukrainian Levant.


1. Azerbaijan (Russian stamps overprinted "Occupation Azerbaijan").
2. Azerbaijan (Original designs).
3. Georgia (Overprinted with Red Army star).
4. Georgia (Original designs).
5. Georgian Levant.


1. Latvia (Original designs).
2. Lithuania (Overprints).
3. Estonia (Hapsal).
4. Estonia (Wesonborg overprints "Eosti").
5. Estonia (Series issued by Bolsheviks).


1. Siberia (Overprints on Issues of 1903 1917).
2. Siberia (Overprints of Pribaikal Temporary Government).
3. Vladivostok (Air-mails).
4. Vladivostok (Control of trade with abrdaf).
5. Czechoslovak Siberian Corps.

Page 40 #55



1. Logionistom Polskim (Polish Legionair sue).
2. Polsca Polsha (Poland).
3. Russian Galicia.
4. Polsca Poczta (W.th head of the Republic).
5. Krolestwo Polskie (Kingdom of Poland).


1. Persidskaya Pochta (Persian Post).
2. Turkestan (Overprints).
3. Turksstan (Original designs)

Revolutionary Somies of 1917. Issued byTrbchtenberg.

1917. Overprints on stamps of Romanov Jubilee Issue (stamps and
money stamps).

I Typographic red; overprint on blocks of four. Tho ovorprint
consists of Phrygian cap, two crossed swords and inscription
reading'" Equality and Freedom ".

1. 1 kop. Peter 1. 7. 10/7 kop. (Issue of 1916)Nicholas:
2. 2 kop. Alexander II. 8. 20/14 kop. (Issue of 1916)Cathe:ri
3. 4 kop. Peter I.- : 9. 10 kop. Nicholas II.(Monsy S os.
4. 7 kop. Nicholas II. 10. 15 kop. Nicholas I. (Money Stamps'
5. 35 kop. Paul I. II. 20 kop. Alexander I.(Money Stamps"
6. 50 kop. Empress Elizabeth.

la to-la. .bove blocks of 4, wit' overprint inverted. Those
stamps were printed in sheets with t._ overprint upright (normal)
in the top half of the sheet and ua:si:e down (inverted) in the
bottom half of the sheet, thus creating .tete-bache overprints in
blocks of eight.

Black overrrints exist (although rarely).

II Overprint cn blocks of ei.ht stamps in black, reproducing in
reduced size the first page of newspaper "News of Petrograd Soviet
of Workers and. Peasant Deputees' No. 4, which published Abdicatiou
of Czar Nicholas II.

12. 4.kop. Peter I. On money-stamps.
13. 7 kop. Nicholas II. 16. 10 kop. Nichclas II.
14.- 35 kop. Paul I. 17. 15 kop. Nicholas I.
15. 50 kop. Empress Elizabeth. 18. 20 kop. Alexander I.

Almost all .of the above values exist with overprint invert
Overprints in red (rarer) alsc are found.

#55 Page 41

III Black overprint on blocks of 12 stamps (3x4), reproducing in reduced
format Manifest of Grand DukeMichaol Alexandrovitch, published in
No. 5 of newspaper "News of Petrograd Soviet of Worker and Peasant
Deputies", published on March 4, 1917.

19. 4 kop. 21. 35 kop. On money-stamps
20. 7 kop. 22. 50 kop. 23. 10 kop. 24. 15 kop. 25. 20 kop.

Inverted overprints, plus overprints on the reverse side
of money stamps are known to exist, as well as overprints in red

Overprint I (Phrygian cap) is also found on the following

a. 4 kop. Romanov post card overprintt on right, on embossed stamp).
b. 4 kop. Romanov post card overprintt on left, on embossed coat of
c. On prisoner of war cards without embossed stamp.
d. 3 kop. Romanov letter card.
e. 3k. on 5k. stamped envelope (height -' 'n.).
f. 3k. on 5k. stamped envelope (height :I..n.).
g. 20k. on 14k. Romanov stamped envelope (Catherine II).
h. Complementary (without embossed stamp) postcard.

The author of these overprints was able to send through post
a number of these blocks and entire, which because of chaotic conditions
in Russia at that time was possible. We often have seen registered letters,
mailed from Petrograd, Odessa and Ekaterinodar. Also are found letters
mailed from Petrograd to Paris (rare).

Numerous counterfeits exist of these Uprivately issued"

For detailed study of these issues and its counterfeits we
refer you to an article by John Reynolds, published in #46/47 of Rossica.


This large series consist of vignettes of original designs,
most of which are limitations of Russian Levant No. 3.

Three different designs were used in this set. Low values have
a number, which indicates the viaue, and word "paras". The words in the
oval, around the figure of value read "Vostochnaya Marka" (Oriental or
Eastern stamp). Size 18x23mm. (See figures 2 and 3).

Piastre values are found in two E and are bicolored and
printed in various combinations.

1.to 30 pistres 18x25mm. (Fig. 4) 10 to 100 piastres 22x29mm. (Fig. 5)

Page 42 #55

Complete set consists of 103 varieties and at the present time is
considered very rare. ai stamps were imperforato. The following values
and color variations are known to me.

10 paras grey (Figure 2) 5 pia. light violet.
10 paras dark greon 7 pia. lilac & violet
10 paras red brown 7 pia..blue & red
20 paras rod (Figure 3) 7 pia. lilac & grey blue
20 paras violet 7 pia. light violet & violet
20 paras rod brown 10 pia. -li t green & green
1 pia. red 20 pia. r & red
1 pia. red brown 30 pia. c: green & violet
1 pia. slate 10 pia. light violet & dark violet (F.
1- pia. gray violet & violet(F. 4) 10 pia. light green & dark green
yl- pia. blue,& re 10 pia. rod brown & dark brown
1- pia. blue & yellow 20 pia. light violet & dark violet
Spia. lue & rose 20 pia. light green & dark green
2 pia. blue & red 20 pia. red browh & dark brown
2 pia. grey violet & violet 30 pia. light violet & dark violet
2 pia. lilac & violet 30 pia. light green & dark green
2 pia. grey & dark groon 30 pia. red brown & dark brown
2 pia. brown & dark grocn 35 pia. light blue & light red
22- -ia. blue & red 35 pia. red brown & darl; brown
Spia. lilac & violet 35 pia. grey & light blue
2- pia. yellow & green 50 pia. light blue & light rod .
p pia. light violet & violet 50 pia. red brown & dark brown
2- pia. violet & green -50 pia. grey & light blue
pia. lilac & violet 70 pia. light blue& light rod
pia. red & blue 70 pia. rod brown & dark brown
pia. light green & violet 70 pia. gey & light blue.
3 pia. light violet & violet 100 pia. light blue & light red
5 pia. lilac & violet 100 pia. red brown & dark brown
5 pia. blue & red 100 pia. grey & li-ht blue
5 pia. lirht brown & grey blue
A11 values exist' tete-boche, horizontally and vertically. Evidently
the stamps were printed in a sheet in such a way, that every adjacent stamK
horizontally or vertically were tote-beche to each other.


1918 Typographed in black on paper of various colors and perforated 11,
Stamps in form of vertical rectangles 36x43iAmm. Inscribed in cencur-
"In accordance with an agreement betweenaddrosocoand receiver a fee
of 10 kop. is to be paid to the postman delivering this letter".
Inscription on left and rig-ht sidas "Private stamp of 1918". The
inscription on the right has word MZHKA U where the letter 1 Z u
( in Latin ) is used instead of Letter "A". (Fig. 6). The origin of
these stamps-is not known.

1. 10 kop. black on chanois paper. 3. 10 kop. black on grey paper.
2. 10 kop. black on light blue parer. 4. 10 kcp. black on brick rod papo?

#55 Page 4:


1919 Stamps with portraits 20x26mm. 10 kop. green -424x29"mm.
Perforated 11.

Underneatheach portrait of the General of the White Army is his name.
All stamps of the set have the date "1919" and various inscriptions. On
blue and violet stamps the original values of "10" and "2511 are blocked
out in black and the word "kop" is covered with black overprint "1919'.
Numerous orthographical errors are found on inscriptions of all stamps,
and from that one can safely deduce that this series was manufactured
abroad by individuals unfamiliar with Russian language. 'The origin of this
series is not known.

1. Violet. General Denikin. "25" blocked out and I1919" overprinted over
"kop" in black. Inscription reads U Citizens, workers and peasants -
all for United Russia ". (Figure 7)

2. Blue. General Mai Maevski. "10" blocked out and "1919" overprinted
over "kop" in black. Inscription reads Forward, to the walls of
Moscow. Kremlin "

3. Dark brown. General Kornilov. Inscription For Homeland and for
Freedom ". (Figure 8).

4. Orange. Admiral Alexander Vasilevitch Kolchak. Inscription l For Free
United Russia ".

5. Olive green. General Alekseiev. Inscript

6. Red. Supreme Commander of Russia Kolchak. Inscription "For United Russia"

7. 10 Green. Priest with a raised cross leading White Army. Inscription
". Russians I For faith and for fatherland I (Figure 9).


Series of 7 stamps issued Perforated 11 and imperforate. Size -

This series was allegedly issued in Odessa in early twenties for the
benefit of the hungry. According to "Soviet Philatelist" (1924) these
stamps wre produced and put on sale by firm Marco Fontano in Venice, T..Ir
The- stamps have conventional, little understood designs.

1. 250 rub. red. 3. 750 rub. orange.
2. 500 rub. blue. 4. 1000 rub. dark green (Fig. 10)

Page 4 4 -

5. 2500 rub. violet. 7. 10000 rub. green (Figure 11).
6. 5000 rub. brown.

Nos. la to 7a imperforato.


1923.Series of 7 stamps issued perforated 11 anc. mporforate. Size -

According to Journal "Soviet Philatelist" (1924), this set allegedly
issued by Sovift Government, was actually prepared and sold by Italian
firm of Marco Fontano in Venice, Italy. Designs are primitive and portray
various subjects indicated below.

1. 10,000 orange workerr)
2. 22,500 light green (.pasant)
3. 50,000 brown (red soldier) (Figure 12). Nos. la to-7a- imperforate
4. 100,000 red-carmine (Soviot'Coat'of Arms)
5. 150,000 brick-red (Lenin)
6. 300,000 dark brown (Zinoviev)
7. 450,000 dark blue (Trotzky) (Figure 13)


1923. A series of three stamps, issued imperforate on white or yellowish
paper. Because the shapes of Russian letters in Russian words "RUBu
and "POST" is incorrect it is assumed that those stamps were produced
abroad by individuals unfamiliar with Russian letters.

1. 5, 000 rubles blue (41x25mm.) (Figure 14)
2. 10,000 rubles red (25x3limnm.) (Figure 15)
3. 20,000 rubles green (42x242mm.)

Nos. la to 3a impcrfcrate, on yellowi. per.


1. Novotherkask Bogus Overprints

1919. Normal and Inverted overprints in black on imporforate stamps of
"1917. "25" and "r." overprints are of two different types.

A number of standard catalogues of the World until present time 14s
these phantasies allegedly issued in 1919 in Novotherkask. Their origin is
not known.

1. 25 on 1 kop. (Fig. 15a). 3. 50 on 3 kop.(Fig. 15b) 5. Ir. on 3 kop.
2. 25 on 2 kop. 4. 50 on 5 kop. Type 1 (Fig. 15c)
6. Ir. on 3 kop. T. 11 (Fig. 15d)
Nos. la to 6a overprint inverted.
-to be continued-
#55 Page .5

(Continued from #54. P. 38)1
by R. Sklarevski

At this time we will give a listing of all the Imperial post cards
known to us, as well as those listed by Ascher and Prigara. It will be
given in a simplified table form.

The blank spaces in number columns (first 3, from the left signify
that, either the author has not seen these varieties or that Ascher or
Prigara do not list them).

Parts A, C and E, as well as various notes, mentioned in the first
article, will not be discussed until a later installment. They are mainly
for a specialist or a collector who is interested into going more deeply
into their study.


Top right corner space, indicated by "B"(See illustration #54, Page 31.)
indicated in this article is the space for the adhesive or for the embossed
stamp. From May 1, 1872 (Card #2), space "B" as shown on Fig. 1 (see first
installment) was filled with an embossed stamp, usually similar to the type
of the adhesive used during that period,

Card No. 1 which has a space for an adhesive, as illustrated by Figure
B1, in Plate B, has an inscription reading "Place for a stamp" or in Russian
"Miesto dlia Marki", and is enclosed in a vertical dotted rectangle. For
most of the post cards with an embossed stamp, there was a complementary
card, similar to No. 1, either in black or brown color, i. e. one having a
blank space in the top right hand corner space. Neither we, not the other
authorities list them.

Types B4 and B5 (Plate B) are the same, except Type B5 has thunderbolts
added to it as well as dots in the background.

Recently we were very fortunate in examining interesting errors sub-
mitted by Mr. Kurt Adler, unrecorded so far. These are Skl. No 26a which
is a card No 26a with complete doubling of the return portion of the card,
Skl. No. 17a top card, inverted embossed stamp and Sk. No. 17b dry print
of the embossed stamp on the top card. The latter variety is very interesi;ng-
because at a first glance it seems that the embossed stamp is completely miss-
ing, but under a strong magnifying glass one may see a very faint complete
embossing. This was produced when no ink was apTlied on the plate or perhap-
it was one of the last cards at the end of a ru:r. I also examined a copy of
Dr. Salisbury's Skl. No. 4d, where in the inscrit-ion on the on the reverse
sido, bottom line, in the second word "Upravlenie", the second letter is
Russian I"r" instead of 1"p. This error was made when cards with missing
second letter had substituted in the word a wrong letter, thus making the
inscription read "Uravlenie" instead of "Upravlenie",

Page 46 #55

I have easo seen a number of cards with partly printed embossed stamp,
which in one step printing include also the inscription, cards cut through
the embossed stamp, etc. These Ere no more than printing waste and can be
considered as curiosities. In most cases partly printed cards of a single
step printing can not be identified due to the fact that the identifying
inscription ib missing.


Column uD" in the listing gives the typo of CGOT OF ARMIS ued on post
cards arid itis found in the -top left hand corner of the post card, and is
illustrated in Plate D".
Type D1 was used from 1872, Cards. #1 to # 5.
Type D2 was used from 1884. Cards #6 to #18.
Type D3 was-used from-1906. Cards #19 to #28.
Type D4 was used from 1913. Cards #29 tU #32.
Type DR was used from 1917. Cards #33 to #34.


The following listing of Russian post cards, is result of the study
made by the author. Blank spaces in NUMBER column, signify, that either the
author has not seen the variotios, or.that the other authoritiesdo not liwt
them (blanks in Ascher and Prigara columns). Top Inscrirtions llustrabic
A Cards 1-24, Illustration M Cards 25-34..
SI Z E S:- '- 128x92mm. (medium). b 123x88mm. (small).
c -140x90mm. (large)., d 150xlO5mm. (special).

In Aschor cblumn'NOTE means see the Note in Ascher's catalogue.
-- -----------------------------------------------
------------------- D E S C R I P T I 0 N OF .SIZE P : PLATE
-------- ---- ---------------------- --------------------------w- W t --- ----w -^-----
o1 Note la Black no value (As illustr. 1. 1.; a 1 1
Son Page 31, Journal no. 54) i1872 a t
2 2b 2a 5 kop. green. Line 1. 105 5. 1.i
j to 105.5mm. Type I. 1872 j a 2 1
S--- -- ------ ------. ...
2a 2b Same as No. 2, except no i
period after inscription a 2
at the left. Type I.
----------- --- ------ -------
2b 2a -- Sane as No. 2, except the i
Inscription is 103 to 105.5 a 2 1
Smm. Type II.. I

-- Note 'i Same as No. 2a, except l
S... Type II. a 2 1
---- P-- -4---------- ----

f#55 Page 4',

"---.------ ----------------- .-. ---- -- -
" "--------------- DESCRIPTI 0 N OF SIZE P LATE PLATE
*----- ---.-.------------------ ---------------- ---------'- --|
-- 3 3a 4 kop. light blue green. 4. 1. a 2 1
SWithout "and abroad". 1875
..--- ----.---- -------------------------------- ------
-- -- 3b Variety similar to No. 2a a 2 1
-- -- -- -- -- -- ----------------- -----
;4 !4 l a 4 kop. green (shades), with .1876 a 2 1
""and abroad" added at bottom.
------ ------------------------------------------------ -
4a 4 4b Variety See No. 2a a 2 1
----' Note .------ .----------------------.---------- --' -----------.
4b 4a 4c Same as No. 4, except 2nd. a 2 1
letter 2nd. word of inscript.
on back bottom is missing.
"-- 4b 4d Same as No. Z, except the
inscription on back is invert- a 2 1
------ ------- --------- ----------------------- --- --------------------
4d -- Russian letter "r" instead of
""p" is inserted in the empty a 2 1
space.of No. 4b.
5 5 5a 3 kop.-black. 4. 1. b 3 1

6 6 6a 3 kop. carmine, text black. Apr. a 4 2
--------------- -------- -------. ,4-------- --------
7 7 7a 3 kop. carmine, text black, 'May, c 5 2
Type I. Period after Souz 1886
in line with 1R" in line
L- 1--^-----------------------------------------** --
7a 7 -- 3 kop. carmine, text black,
Note' Type II. Period after c 5 2
Souz cuts thru "P- in line
------ -------------------------------------- -------- ------
8 8 8a 3 kop. lus 3 kop. carmine, c 5 2
text black.
8a 8b Same as N6. 8, except no c 5 2
accent over upayee".
--------------------- -----
8b -Same as No. 8, except no
accent over first "eu of c 5 2
--- c -------------- ------------- ------------------- -------

Page 48 #55 S

----- o--~-~ nC- ---- -------
-- -------------------------------------------
9 9 9a 3 kop. carmine, text black. Jutl, c 5 2

-------------- ------ ----------------------------
"10 1C lOa 3 kop. plus 3 kop. carmine, c 5 2
text black.
T Same as No. 10, except no
:10a --- period after addresss, c 5 2
bottom line.
------------------------------------------------------ --
11 11 lla 4 kop. carmin3, text black. c 6 2
p.-.--------- _------- --. ._-..------------ ------ s -- ---------- -----------
12 12 12a 4 kop. plus 4 kop. carmine, c 6 2
text black.
-------------------------.------ z----------- L&------------------- ------------------------
13 13 13c 3 kop. carmine. 26 dcts/2cm. March c 5 2
S. 1890
------------------ -------------------- -------------- -------------
13a Same as Nc. 13, except .1893 c 5 2
L 31 dots/2cm.
---------------------------- ---------- -.-----*-- ---------------
!14 15a 14a. 3 kop. plus 3 kop. carmine, 1889 c 5 2
26 dots/2cm.
S ----------------------------- --- .------------------ ---------------------
f15 14 15a 4 kop. carmine. 26 rlots/2cm. 6 '2
-------------- ----------------------------- w-------- -----------------------
Same as No. 15, except no ...
115a -- accent ovor st. ne". of c 6 2
I reserveo i
------------------------------------ ------- --------------
16 16a 16a 4 kop. plus o kop. carmine, c 6 2
S ;26 dots/2cm.
L ----------------------- -----------------
17 .15b 14b 3 kop. plus 3 kcp. carmine, Oct.
31 dots/2cm. 1889 c 5 2
---------------------------- -------------- -------------- 4
16b 16b 4 kcp. plus 4 kop. carnino, 1900 c 6 2
: 31 dots/2cm.
19 171 17a 3 kop. cr.rmino. 26 icts/2cm. 1906 c 7 "3
---------------------------------------------- w--------------- ------ --------------4
'20 181 19a 4 kop. carrine.. 26 dots/2cm. c 7 3
------ ----------------------------- .-------------------- --------. -
-- 1711 17b 3 kop. carmine. 31 dots/2cm. 1907 c 7 3
------------------------------------------------------------------- w---------i
22 1811 19b 4 kop. carmino. 31 dots/2om. ?7 3
-- ----------------- ------ --------

#55 Page 49


23 1911 18a 3 kop. plus 3 kop. 1907 c '7 3
31 dots/2cm.
---------- ------------------------
24 2011 20a 4 kop. plus 4 kop. c 7' 3
31 dots/2cm.

25 211 21a 3 kop. carmine. 23 dots/2cm. 1909 c 7 3
7 -------------- W---------------------------------------------------
25a 2111 :21b 3 kop. carmine. 31 dot/2cm. c 7 3
--- 21c 3 kop. carmine. Mixed dots. c 7 3
--------------------- w---------- ----------------
26 231 22a 3 kop. plus 3 kop. c 7 3
23 dots/2cm.
------------------------------------------ w ---------- ;-----------------
26a 2311 22b 3 kop. plus 3 kop. c 7 3
31 dots/2cm.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --- ------------- -
26b 23III 22c 3 kop. plus 3 kop. c 7 '3
Mixed dots.
-------------------- ----------------- ---------
27 22aI 23a 4 kop. carmine. 23 dots/2cm. c 7 3
3rd. lino 35.5mm.
--- ----------------. --------- --------------
-- 23b 4 kop. carmine. 23 dots/2cm. c 7 3
3rd. line L .Omm.
^* ------------------------------------------- -------- ---------------
27b 22aII 23c 4 kop. carmine. 31 dots/2cm. c 7 3
3rd. line 35.5mm.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------
27c 22bII 23d 4 kop. carmine. 31 dots/2m. c 7 3
clrd. line 41.Cmmr. q
-I------------------------ ------------- ---- ------------
27d :22aIII 23e 4 kcp. carmine. Mixed clots.
3rd. line 35.5mm. c 7 3
-----------------W--------------!------------- -----------------
S ---,--- 23f 4 kop'. carmine. Mixed dots. c 7 3
3rd. line I.0mm.
-------- ------------------------------------ ---------- --------------
28 241 24a 4 kop. plus 4 kop. c 7 3
23 dots/2cm.
S- 2411 24b 4 kop. plus 4 kop. c 7 3
31 dots/2cm. L -
-- -- -------------------------------------
---- 24c 4 kop. plus 4 kop. c 7 3.
mixed dots. .

Pae 50 -----------55
Page 50 #55


---------------- W---------------- w------- w------- ----1-- -
29 25 25a 3 kop. carmine. 1913 c 8 4
--------------L --------------------------------------------------------- I---------
30 27 j 26a 3 kop. plus 3 kop. carmine. c 8 4
-----------r-------------------------------- -------4------- -
31 26 27a 4 kop. carmine. c '8 4
----------------------------------------- --------
32 28 28a 4 kop. plus 4 kop. oarmino. c 8 4
-- ---- ----- -- -4----- ----------


S33 29 29a .5 kp. brown violet 1917 9 5
--------------- --------------------
34 30 30a 5 kop. plus 5 kop. brown c : 9 5
violet. -------..---
---~-- --------------------____ --___-_----_-_ -- ---- ----------
to be continued

00 00
o Extensive Stock.............. o
o .
o o
"o Stamples covers, postal stationery, stamp rarities and regular issues, o
"o proofs, essays, varieties, cancellations, covers. Inquiries invited, o
o o o o
0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0
o o CCOCO S A M U EL R A Y ocooooo o
o o '0 o
o Also, professional mounting and writing-up of collections. o

0oooo0co0 coococo00o0oo0ooooooooooc00000c00oocoooooooo00o000oooooooooo0000
0 C
o I have many duplicates of paper money for sale and exchange. o
0 0
o o

o M. .M. BYC K OFF o
o 0 o
0.o. P. 0. BOX 90, ERYTE; CALIFORNIA, o
o o
ooooo0ooooooooooococ ooooooco coocoooooc oooPoooooooc0oooboccooooooooooooco0

#55 Page 51

by N. Matishev
(Continued from No. 54, Page 51)

7av3k. same, without punctures. 17-Two types.
lla-3k. blue oval, orange center.18a-varietyof 3k. with white dot in
16aw6k. same, permeating color, lower .:Lht corner.

49. OSA
4a-2k. yellow green, on light green background.
O1a-4k. yellow green, on brick red background.
12a-2k. imperforate. 24d-4kJ imperforate.
22a-2k. tete-beche. 26c-2k. on ordinary paper, imperfor.te.
22b-2k. blue green. 28a-2k. imperforate.
22c-2k. yellow reeon.

la-5k. green.. 5a-3k. light green.
3a-5k. black on yellowish paper.

la-lk. on white lined paper.
lb-lk, on yellow papor.
2-known in two types.
4-known in two types.
4a-lk. on ribb d paper.
4b-lk. ordinary paper, color permeating.
4c-31. on ordinary yellowish paper.
4d-lk. on ordinary bluish paper.

6b-3k. light blue lla-2k. green, imperforate.
9b-5k. without red color. 13b-2k. light blue.

13a-5k. imperforate. 1_.-5k. imperforate. _-3k.light blue, imperforate

54. PERM
la-non permeating color. 15 & 16-printed on paper of various thickness.
2a-3k. without period after "cep.". 17-1918-15k. red, relief print,
3a-3k. without period after "cep.". 17a-on pasted together paper.
13a-2k. red. l7b-1918-15k. with red line at top.
17c-15k.-1918-15k. red, with red line at top on pasted together paper.

lb-5k. blue green, without punctures. 8d-5k. blue green.
4b-5k. dark green. 8e-5k. green.
6a-5k. perforatodl2-. LQc-green & permeating brown color.
7b-5k. tverdi znak instead of miagki znak in PODOL6%KAGO. (all shades of
7c-5k. broken "P' in PODOL6SAGQ. No. 7 occur with filled in bottom of
7d-5k. green, perf. 171. "5" in the right top corner.),
7e-5k. blue green, perf. 11I

Page 52 #55

THE RUSSL.N ST2MPS (1858-1958)
By Kurt cler
Somewhat belatedly (the first Russian stamp issued in December
1857) the Soviet postal authorities issued a set o' ;2 stamps to celebrate
the 100th anniversary of the Russian stamp. Mr. Barry points out that
only the postmarks described in 7#54 mentioned 100th Anniversary of 1st.
Russian stamp "these issues commemorate 100 years of Russian postage stamps'.
Actually, the delay is justified by two factors. the first Russian adhesive
label was officially designated for circulation starting January 1, 1958,
and the delay of a few months enabled the postal authorities to issue a
beautifully designed multi-colored set. Nine of the stamps carry the ins-
cription "History of the post". Three values are of supplementary import-
ance. The stamps are printed on unwatermarked paper and are perforated
11x12j for the horizontal stamps, and E 1 xll for vertical stamp. It is
possible that some, or perhaps all values exist with line perforation 12.,
Just as color variations may exist, but this will not be established right
away. We have to wait for more material to come out of Russia.

All of the stamps bear the inscriptions "Hundred years of the Russian
stamp". The historical part of this set starts with two stamps of 10 kop.
value, followed by two 25 kop., 40 kop., two 60 kci.. and two 1 ruble stamps.
The stamps without the inscription mentioned above compromise three 40 kop.


S 10 kop, black, red, yellow & purple. Time XV century. The stamp depicts
a ducal scribe writing a letter which is being dictated by his master.
These first beginnings of mail in Russia had to do with so-called Yamy.
According to Prigara, these early mail service -rore initiated during the
reign of Duke Ivan III (1462-1505).

2. 10 hop. yellow, black, pale red, pale purple & brown. Time XVI century.
The inscription reads "Gonetsf, which means tho early mail carrier. We
see a mail rider on a horse, blowing his post horn in an old Russian town.

3. 25 kop. ultramarine, pale blue, pale green and gray. Time XVII century.
This stamp has a portrait of the originator of the first regular postal
service, the Bcyar .L. Ordyn-Nnshchokin who served under Tsar Aliexei-
Miklhailovich. The first service was initiated in 1666. Besides the
portrait the strmp shows a mail-sled leaving a town. A postillion is
riding ahead, blowing his horn, another rider sits on one of the three
horses, and still another man guards the mail at the back of the sled.

4. 25 kop. ray,. pale grey, ultramarine. Time XVIII century. This stamp
shows us an already ol.-ztrately built post office, with guard house in
which a soldier stands, and a postal diligence (post chaise) with a team
of four horses, deiven by a man sitting on the front seat of the diligence.
The postillion is riding ahead on his horse, merrily blowing his horn.
This postal period took place under the reigns of Peter the Great and
Cztherine II.

S Page 54 #55

5. kop. brown.violet. brown-red, siena. Time .X1I century The century
of the first Russian stamp. The stamp depicts a typical Russian Troika
in full motion. Tho inscription says "Postal Troika". We see an isvost-
chik trying to guide the throe horses that pull an open wagon in which
two officers or higher postal authorities are seated. We must assume that
the mail was carried in the back of the wagon.

The last 3 stamps of the "historical" part of this set depict contemporary
means of mail transportation.

6. 60 kop. purple, light purple, green & brown olive. Period of the Civil
'War and the beginning -of re-organization after the First World War. ThiTj
stamp shows a portrait of V. N. Podbyelsky, or -"ser of communication
During the years 1918-1920, the early years of ; I RSFSR Other scenes,
depicted on this stamp show the mailing of a 2.eIter by a worker in a mail
box attached to a horse-drawn wagon, and letter carriers distributing mail
to-soldiers and civilians.

7. 60 kop. green, vray & purple. The Period ought to be the late twenties or
early thirties. This stamp show the well-known Russian Railroad Mail Car,
loading:mail at a station stop.

8. 1 ruble br owniellow, light purple & grayish blue, This stamp is dedicated
"to the Air Mail service. *He see a four-motored plane, standing at an air-
field. Mailbags are brought to it a little motorized cart.

9. 1 ruble purple, oranoe gray & black. This stamp bears the inscription
"Transport". It is a symbolical picture of modern means of transportation.
On the background of the globe and the Moscow Univearsity there are the
latest models of streamlined deisel engine train, steamship "Rossia", and
a jet plane.

The 3 additional values without inscription "History of the Post", but
inscribed "Hundred Years of the Russian Stamp", are-

10. 40 k*p. purple & gray brown. In thi center is shown a stamp of 1947
(Scott No. 1093) with a portrait of Lenin on the background of Moscow
University and a warship, with a quotation from Lenin, reading. "Socialism
without post, telegraph, machines is an empty phrase".

11. A0 ko., red yellow. ervy & brown. Show a syr1- .ical picture of'the lato'b
Soviet jet plane. In the background, shadow- are the three horses c-
the postal troika.

12. 40 kop. dark brown & light brown. (Vertical rectangle) The museum in
Leningrad where the centenary exhibition of Lussian stamps took place is
shown. The inscription reads "Jubilaeum Exhibition of the Government
Collection of Postal Stamps". In a vignette, the words 100 years- of
the Russian stamp" are repeated.

#55 Page55


None of these stamps show the 10 kopok stamp of the First Issue of
1857. A crude likeness of this stamp, however, exists on a special cancel-
lation affixed during the Moscow Philatolic Exhibition, opened on January
25, 1958. This cancellation was illustrated in Rossica #I54.

The postal authorities also released an entire (envelop) for each
stamp of the series.

There are 3 types of special cancellations known to me.

(1). In black, used on the opening day of centenary exhibition 19.8.58,
showing a postillion on horseback, and a parchment with seal, reading
"100 Years of the First Russian Postage Stamp 1858-1958".

(2). A red cancellation used at the Centenary Exhibition on first day. It
shows a globe, circled by an airplane and what probably is a sputnik.

(3). No. 2 cancellation in black, which was used on the following days of
the exhibition.

(4). No. 2 cancellation in black for the Capitol Cities of USSR) the inscript-
ion reads "USSR" (at top) and Name of Capitol City and "100 Years of
Russian Postage Stamps" (at bottom). The author so far has seen cancel-
lation from B A K U and R I G A.

Al1 of the cancellations have a double circ .f inscriptions, At top -
Ministry of Communications of USSR. At bottom L::zibition. 100 years of
Russian PostageStamps. Left of center 1858. Pi-ht of Center 1958.
In center, framed 19.8.58.

Some entire, also have the posthorns and thunderbolts of the Imperial
Ministry of Post and Telegraph perforated into the entire.

3 stamps of this set wore also issued imperforate and will be listed
and described as more information is available.

by Jacques Posell
Prrt II

After leaving Madrid we spent a few days in Portugal, then departed for
for Bordeaus where I found several stamp stores. I visited two dealers who
had nothing whatever in Russian stamps except large packets or recent commemo-
ratives all mixed up and with no sets complete. I was told there was no
dealer in the city who had any stock of Russia. In the Rossica membership
list there is an Albert Magne who lives in Bordeaux; however he was not listed
in the telephone directory and none of the dealers knew of him so I was not
able to contact him.

Page 56 #55


From Bordeaux we flow to Berlin. Berlin has many stamp dealers but
unfortunately we arrived late Saturday when everything was already closed
for the weekend. On Monday I had time to visit only one dealer and his stock
of Russian stamps was about the, same as that of the deaLers in Bordeaux.
Berlin to Stuttgart by air again. Arrived late afternoon, and found one stami
dealer who had the recent colorful commemoratives but nothing earlier than
Soviet Issues. Nowhere, since Brussels, did I find any.extra-catalogue
material such as revenues, locals, vignettes, etc.

From Stuttgart to Basel a beautiful little city where they speak a
strange brand of German; of course Stuttgart has its own famous dialect tec
Basel'has one dealer listed in the telephone directory but I didn't have t1.:,
to visit him as this was one of our busy days with no time- to spare. The:
was a letter for me at the hotel from Tchilinghirian and it is arranged tL..:
we will meet at the station in Geneva.. He will ry with him a journal '.f.
the BSRP. o that I may recognize him. This wi..-.3 s short visit but I loo,
forward to it eagerly as we have been in correspon:lence for a long time.

We were scheduled to give two concerts in Prague but they were cancelled
McCarran Act trouble. The Prague Philarmonic is supposed to make ?n Americal
tour next year. The McCarran -ct calls for fingerprinting the entire .orches-
tr. when it arrives 'to: New York. The Prague Orchestra does not wish to be
fingerprinted so they said that if this ceremony is not waived in their favor
they would not permit Cleveland Orchestra to ccme to Prague. It is as simple
as that. We are travelling through the Swiss Alps now which are truly beao.-
tiful and impressive and somehow different than the American Rockies in
Colorado and Utah. .

Yesterday I had a very short'but stimulating visit with Tchilinghii-ian.
He was supposed to meet me at the Geneva train platform but somehow we got
our.signals crossed and he was not at the station. I therefore went on to
the-hotel and just as I arrived, he drove up in a taxi carrying the BSRP
journal. We went into the hotel coffee shop and sat down for two hours of
talk. The time went by very- quickly and when we parted at 7:15 I felt we haa
just begun. He is a highly educated cultured gentleman and I'regret exceeding
that I could not stay longer with him and get to know him better. He told me
of his forthcoming series on the Russian Offices used abroad and we spoke at
great length about the possibility of publishing the revenue and vignette
catalogues of Emile Marcotitch. He could not stay to hear our concert as
there was no late train back 'to Clarens, and we parted hurriedly.

.In Paris I visited Dmitri Kandaourow, Rockling of Romeko and in the
evening had dinner with Kovychine; all in the '--ests of Rossica and JRi;
philately.. I bought somo material from Kandao. : a few postcards show,:.:-:
Russian troops in France, postal stationery, vi-)nbtes, etc. Kandaourow :.i
,a e.ally nice fellow and though he drives a hard :bargain, I like him just in :'
same.. H showed me a very nice collection of Russian Red Cross envelopes
which.was not for sale at the moment, also a few interesting Siberian covers
of the Russo-Japanese War which I thought might be of interest to Adler or
to Tchilinghimian and gave him their addresses.

#55 Page 57


From Kandacurow I -ropped over tc see Romeko (Rockling). There I got
a very different reception. He has a large office in an apartment building an
and he was strictly business; he had a collection of about 500 zemstvos
the great majority of which I already had. I asked for revenues, vignettes,
postal stationery, Soviet air mail labels but he 2- none of those.

We played our last concert in Amsterdam.. Mr. Prins called for me at the
hotel. After an excellent home cooked dinner (for which I was very gratedul)
we settled down for a session of stamps while the rest of the family went for
a swim at one of the nearby beaches. His Russian collection consists of at
least twenty volumes or more, and since there wasn't time enough to go
through them all in one short afternoon, I asked to see part of his Zemstvo
collection first. These are quite complete, beautifully arranged and writtc,
up, with the various printings, type settings, varieties, all clearly marked
Some of the sheets have been completely plated and it was an education for
me to see this display.

In his other albums I remember he was particularly strong in the RUB
revolutionary overprints and he also had an excellent display of the crossed
swords and abdication overprints on the Romanoffs. Besides his general
collection, which was excellent, there were many unclassified revenue stamps
and labels.. His collection is very representative of Russian philately in al'
its phases and it was a pleasure to see his many albums, all neatly arranged
and labeled according to country and period. Unfortunately I did not have
time to visit with two other well known Russian collectors in Holland; Mr.
J. V. Stuart and Mr. Schmidt. Perhaps some day in the future I shall have
the pleasure of meeting them also and seeing their collections. In the
evening we all drove to Schoveningen where the Prins' attended our last
concert in Europe.

All in all, it was a wonderful trip from every angle rnd especially
wonderful is it for me to discover how philately opens the door for one in
a strange country, and how one makes new friends -nd meets interesting people
in all walks of life who will give freely of tl-. time and hospitality to
follow collectors. I hope some day to be able to reciprocate in kind to
to those kind people who have been sc kind to me.


Dr. A. H. Wortman, Editor British Journal of Russian Philately.

At Boston I saw Dr. Snegireff's outstanding items, although not all of
his collection. He also showed me two parchment documents, one was signed
by Empress Catherine II and the other by Peter the Great, an officer's
commission. He has the most fantastic out-of-the-way items. He showed me
Tiflis, ox Goss collection stationery proofs and four of the broad tailed
eagle 20 kop. envelopes. He had a stationery exhibit mounted on large black
cards for a show here recently. His 20 kop. enveloped were cancelled.

In Toronto I met Drew Cronin. He is a grand fellow too, as well as
being a brilliant philatelist, especially for one so young. Largely due to

Page 58 #55

to him I acquired some more outstanding items in Toronto; a Russo-Japanose
War cover, POLEVAYA POCHTOVAYA -ONTCRA I ARM. KCRP SA from the 146th infantry
Tsaritsin -Regiment,a POVIESTKA of Podolsk with Zemstvo stamp and a postcard
from a P. 0. W. to Germany of 1st. World War from Nikoleavsk on Amur; with a
most intriguing postmark which reads SHKHUNA AMUR. LIMA. TATAR. FROLIV,
as well as a number of P. 0. W. cards with unusual Censor markings; most of
these were given to me by Drew, bless his kind heart.

.These,together with all the othe4 good things. I found on your side of
the ;.ilantic., not least those very fine Romanov stationery covers which you
so kindly gave me, as well as the rare unrecorded type of "STARY AFON"
postmark on ROPiT Romanov 1 kop. block, and others, will always remain as
momentoes of a wonderful trip to America.

I met a young collector, Harry Sutherland, in Toronto; he has the rig..
ideas and, under Cronin's guidance is taking ih+"ist in covers. He has L
very early Harkow 1897 with Shanghai Pochtovryr: tora postmark, the earjl.-
I have seen. He also asked my interpretation c.. postmark on a 7 kop. stip,
Only half was visible and neither Cronin nor I had ever seen anything like it
before. When I arrived home I found.this samepostmark on a piece in full.
sent in by Freyman of South Africa for comment, It is iin ah ovl, ii script
with a ship at the foot and reads AEIJSANDROVSK KHERSON, DLIA UNICHTOZHENIA
MARCK. A fascinating item'and as Sutherland said, an almost unbelievable

May I say what a fine number the last .issue, of Rossica was. 'I can adce
a little to Peel's article on the Charity stamps for the record:

Colored papor. 10 kop. Parf, llci. Cano. St. Petersburg, 21.1.14
3 kop. Perf. 12. Canc, St. Petersburg, 12, 4.15

White Paper. 1 kop. Porf. 13*-. Cane. Rostov on Don, 22. 3.16
3 kop. Perf. 13i. Cane. Vladivostok, 26. 2.16

Pate Numbers, C-olored aper." Perf, *12i, 3 kop. 2 a, sideways in
carmine between 95 and 96.

A. M. Rossolevitch in correspondence, with Dr, C. de Stackelberg re so called

Charity Issue 1914-15. Th6re' are no errors or varieties of color c:,
paper, except 7 kop. white paper, not issued. All poper varieties were made
on 3 kop. white paper, and one on 10 kop. white poEr.

1. .a) in Petrograd, by Trachtenberg.
b) in Paris, by our friend S. (1ir. X) al:. The 10 kop. blue paper,

Why does J. Reynolds lists them in his catalogue as 0. K. writes Dr, C.
de Stackelberg.
2. 1 R. of 1909-1923. Not an essay of 1918 as listed by Romeko.
-. : Greenish background exist. They and 1 R. of 1902-04 and. 1909 laid
paper with same greenish background are all made chemical by S. in Paris, as
well as I R. with blackish background,

#55 Page 59

Only 50 stamps of 10 rubles with blue gr-y center, misplaced up, exist.
il others are chemical changolings produced by S. in Paris

John Barry England.

One of our BSRP members Mr. Lennard acquired an illustrated Pushkin
cover. It has a stamp photograph of Pushkin, a picture of his tomb (1799)
and over it a facsimile of his signature. It was mailed from Stavropol on
July 29, 1899 by RR route 99 to Budapest. It has a brown charity label on
the back "For the Benefit of SPB Red Cross Soci'- '. It is quite an unusfzl
and raro item for those days.

He also has S.G. 422, in sage green (not reported before) and a 2 ruble
Repin in slate grey instead of violet, which is probably an error of color
or a color proof.

Mr. Fawcett, new member of BSRP writes that he has picked up the I ruble
Lrms Type of 1917, perforated 11- (unlisted). Joe Chudoba has 1 copy and
Filby 2 copies of 3 rubles 50 kop. of the same set, all perforated -ll rough.
The Soviets never used ll- when reissuing Imperials and contrary to what one
would expect put out clean perforated 13* stamps. No cancelled copies have
ever been seen with this ll perforation and until one turns up, if ever, I
shall continue to beltave that, lonr time after, someone has been doing
housework on imperforate sheets to make the 11 perforated stamps and

Dr. C. de Stackelberg states that when he obtained his copies of stamps
perforated 11l- in 1923/24 from Serge Rockling of Romeko, Paris, he was told
* that they were issued in Tiflis in 1921. Tiflis varieties are listed perfo-
rated 11j. Romeko lists only 5 ruble variety. He states that he has never
heard of RUBLE values existing in that perforation and that he only has the
kopek values. The 1 kop. perforated 11 was bought.from Romeko, who stated
then that it was originally bought in Novo Moskovsk, Ukraine in 1918, but
that he suspects it was of private origin (un-official).

Rep:arding Hughes sale. Fellow called from Dublin and said hetd found
a sheet of Tiflis stamps, in some of Hughes materials he bought. We knew
nothing of it, and it sees neither did the aucti'-ocrs who must have passed
it as some kind of a Zemstvo. So there's somethi -o missed by not getting
Hughes stuff.

Editorial Comment. Hm! Seeing is believing.

Volga Famine Issue. It is interesting to note that stamps of this issue
vary in size from 0.25 to 1mm. It is said that they wore printed by the
workers of GOZNACI (Government Printing Shop), on their own time, on waste
paper, i.e. on the paper left over from the 2nd Soviet Issue, mostly 1 to
40 ruble values (S. G. Nos. 208 to 212). Partly watermarked stamps of this
issue, resulted when the selvedge from the watermarked 40 ruble sheets was
not cleanly cut. It is not generally known that all of the old Imperial
paper was used up for Soviet issues of 1922, SG Nos. 256-260. 40 ruble paper.
pelure, and other scraps of paper were used, thus account g for shades and
thicknesses of paper. Since the 40 ruble paper was placed on the presses in
in various ways, the resultant watermir-k i: found in different positions.

Sage 60 #55

T.P.O. Postmark Double Circle at top, between circles, reading
clockwise "Manchuria-Moskva", at bottom, between two circles, reading
counterclockwise "Express". In center, between two horizontal lines- widely
separated, date 023'9 37". L.bove the top horizontal line, numeral O"" and
below the horizontal line "I". We never know when the Soviets discontinued
the use of T.P.O. markings. Soviet T.P.O. markings have always been difficult
to obtain and they are rarb. They apparently had some in use up to 1937,
and my latest one is about 1927.

Ed Collins Detroit, with comments by J. Barry.

Just how rare are the small round cancellations with the number 112
PCEZD" in red. St. Petersburg town #1 single line or circle I should-say
St. P. May 10, 1893, arrived at Tsarskoe Selo on May 10 1893, the above 3
being in black.

It is a rare piece. Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 have now been reported, and
it is quite likely there is No, 6 for the return run of No. 5.

What do you know about a railroad cancellation of the "D" Type, listed
in our Journal, in blue, but instead of the number at the bottom it has a
Capital letter "lW- Route 4--1866. This couldn't be used in Poland. Could it,.

Type D, Route 4 is round for St. Petersbur i :'rsaw route. The only
cancellations that have a letter are the oval ones. Therefore' round ones
with a letter at foot is something newly discovered, but for full confirm-
ation a tracing is needed. None of mine 1865-66. or later show letters.

Kurt Adler

I have an interesting 1915 prisoner of war cover, with a registry labet
which rdads Moscou K. Vaux-1 The K stands for Kursk. Vaux-1 is
an abbreviation for Vauxhell. This word, .therefore, has now definitely been
established as the origin of the Russian word Vokzal for Railroad Station.
An explanation of the derivation of Vokzal from. Vauxhall may be found in #3
of B J R P. Vauxhall was, in the old times, the name for concert and dance
halls, the first one belonging to a Frenchman, by the name of VAJX. In 1838,
when the first railroad was built from' St. PBtersburg to Pavlovsk, the
Pavlovsk terminal was right next to a concert hqll, called Vauxhall. Suway
excursionists said "we are going to the Pavlovsk vookal"'. By and by,the uer.m
begun to be used for any railroad station. The only interesting thing about.
the cover in question is, that this old French name was still used on regiri;h:
labels in 1915 instead of the correct word garee", as on other Russian po,-
marks and registry labels.

Franz See's remarks about Dr. Stackelbergs Roumanian stamps with
Russian:Field Post cancellations. I want to say that the Russian F. P.
during the Rus so-Turkish War was also functioning in the parts of today's
R6tmania The postal service.for civilians was laid still in the Southern
Roubanian and Western Bulgarian sections of the country, due to the war
actions. But soon postal service was established" these sections, first
by the Russian F. P,, and later by the Russian E :..-:snpost (could be translc:-.
into Russian Post in occupied country), containing the names of towns.

#55 FPge 61

Until Russian stam--s arrive'7, it was usual to rmy cash for each letter, later
Russian stam-s wero used for franking. It is entirely possible that during
the first period, letters were handled, franked by Roumanian stamps. Besides,
S some Roumanian troops took part in the war on the side of Russia and it is
possible that they used Roumanian stamps for franking letters. I, personally,
have seen only stampless covers that were sent from Bulgaria to Roumania and
vice versa during that period. Covers and rcstmarks from those parts of the
country and from the time of the Russo-Turkish War are so rare that some
things have to be assumed, without the possibility of establishing a definri.;.:
proof. The number of the F. P. Office, however is 8 and not 3.

Remarks about the January 1 cancellations anov stars. The 1 1.
cover enclosed, is an answer to the question wh-_ : was raised about January -
canclilations, following your series of articles n the Romanov Tercsnten-
nary Issue in B J R P. I agree it should be written u- to confirm your
theory, but have in mind that January 1st is that date for cancellation of
letters collected that day but written a day before and posted. No stamps
were old at P. 0. since it was a holiday. However, Romanov stamps seem
to have been used even before their official release date.

Letter from Caucasian front (Soe p-ros 17-20 of this journal). From
the research made by Dr. C. 1de Stackelberg we can say that the writer of
the letter in question vas Prince Emil von Sayan-Wittgonstein, Major General
and General Lide at the Russian Court. The Crown Prince and Crown Princebs
mentioned in the letter are the future King Karl of Wurttemberg and his w,
C0ga Nikolaevna, daughter of Tsar Nicholas I, who of course is also menti:::i
in this letter. These above lines describe the writer of the letter.

R. Sklarevski Inverted backrrcunds. (See rae 32 of this journal).

We.quote from a recent letter of Kurt Adler's in reference to these
stamps. Your discovery about INVERTEDB C KG 0 U N D S on
rbstal Savings and Control stamrs is OTJSTDING ".

"Undoubtedly the regular background of Control star:s has the loops to
the left ( of which I have a full set off and on ccer".

It will be well to say here that both the postal savings and the control
stamrs are often found on covers. 25 anc' 50 ko. values are frequently f'-nd
used on blank receipt 'est cards of meorican Rol Organizations, confir.:.nt
the receirt of packages of food during the earl .'s of the Soviets. Ku
states further the only stamp which I have with loors both up and down i1
tho 10 ruble".

We -ropose to write a detailed article on these two issues, listing 1-:
normal and inverted backgrounds for Journal #56, therefore we would like '
hear from readers.

Fin-lly we want to caution the readers that the relative scarcity of
various positions of backTrounds is unknown. It all depends on the manner in
which the sheets were foe into the possos; it is quite -ossible that whe"
more information is receive, we may alter the theory somewhat. Of-course,
iocos with rla.te markings arc very im-ortant, but that is asking too much,

P aBg 62 /55

Tadeusz Gryzowski Varsa Poland.

I have a very interesting cover with a Polish and a Russian stamp,
mixed franking. The Russian stamp is 10 kcp. 1858, perforatod 12- and
Poland No, 1 cancelled by black killer No. 1, and red Warsaw 7/il along side.
On the other side of the cover is a two concentric ring black pos<:rk,
within which is the Russian marking, reading P 0 L U C H E N 0 V
V I L N E or "Received in Vilna". Inside of the smaller circle is date
(illegible) at the top, at the bottom of the small circle is Russian
U T R b M or "in the morning'.

In my opinion the sender brought this cover, already addressed and
franked with a Russian stamp,from Vilna. In Warsaw he was told that he h'l
to frank his letter with a Polish stamp, and he then affixed Poland No. 1,
not wanting to destroy the envelope brought from Vilna. -The letter was e
small one and 20 kop. postage was not needed.

Ir. V. Dcmanski agrees with the ex-lanation givenn above.

Laurence R. Tipmie, with an an*swor.by V. Domansa,'

I received from a distant relative in Estonian S. S. R. a stamp
which he says is a great rarity there.

It was issued by officials cf a little town called A T E P I A in 1941
when the town was in no-mans land between the Russian fAmy and the German
.rmy for some tino. He states that 500 co-ies were issued.

Quoting Mr. Domanski : In my estimation this is a -rivato issues. I
could not consider it of officiall source. This, has occurred many times in
Russia, Ruthenia-Ukrainian Poland, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania. There
are many issues of this tyre. One of my friends who collects Ukrainia
showed me his vast collection, with items for which he paid enormous sums
and later bitterly complained how he was taken over, for months !torr these
stamps that he purchased and paid fancy i-icos for, he could have bought for
about 1/10 of what he paid for thom.

Vincent Domanski's collection. ie iortod by Messrs. Wortman and Salisbury,

Dr. Wortman and your editor in orusing member Domanski' albums noted
some interesting items. amongg these we note Russia No. 1 from Kronshtado
to St. Ibtorsburg, with,according to Dr. Wortman, unrecorded until now

The cancellation is enclosed in a large rectangular frame 46.5x20.nmr-.
in size. Tc- line reads K R 0 N S H T A D T in capitals. The bottom
line is date 30 M A Y 1858.-

Our member, Mr. Feel has a Russia-No. 1, c-ncolled with a two line
cancellation as above, reading R I G L 10 FE B. 58 ", but in a
smaller rectangle.

#55 Page 63

Eosti Post -Estonia (Scott Nos. 9 to 26)..

Your Editor noted a fine collection of controversial stamps which should
be recorded, especially as Mr. Domeanski is one of the greatest authorities
and authors of hBaltics" to-day,

The stamps in question are Estonia, Scott Nos. 8 to 26, "Eosti Post"
overprints in black & violet on perforate and imperforate Arms stamps of
Russia of 1909-17.

We note a cover with 2 and 3 kop. (Nos. 9 & 10) and a 5 panni imperfcor
ate, with a standard double circle cancellation of Estonia, dated 15.5.19
from Tallinn.

He had the following: -Fbrforated.

No. 9 2kop. green (2 copies) No. 15 15 kop. red brown & blue (2)
No.10 3kon. red (2 copies) No. 16 25 kop. green & violet (3 1 c<..
No.ll 5kop. claret (2 copies) No. 18 50 k-. violet & green (l)
No.12 -O1kop. dark blue (3 coLdes) No. 19 1 1 7 (1)

T -erforate: -

No. 21 -1 kop. orange (3, one canc. Talinn).
No. 23 3 kop. red (1).
No. 24 1 ruble (1)

&. Prado Brazil.

Recently I received a nice offer from Europe. To covers mailed from
Moscow to Riga with mixed frankings.

a. One 10 kop. Russia (No. 8) and Wondon, 2 kop.without arms in center
(could be Mos. L4, 5 or 6).
b. One 10 kop. Russia (No. 8) and Wenden, No. L3b (4 ko-. Packenmarko
bisected diagonally and used as 2 kop.)

Both, 12 kop. rate covers, well tied by clear cancellations on back
and front were priced at $850,00.

Some time ago, with the cooperation of my book seller I received a larQc.
regional map of Russia Black Sea, Caucasus and part of Lsia. A, 1/840,000.
This military map was edited in Tiflis in 1873 and shows the less importar,
villages of the region.

Recently in Corinpslia auction hold in Zurich I was lucky enough to
secure some interesting lots, among them a comic' :eet of 4 of the 1863/o5i
6 kop. Russian Offices in Turkey on medium paper, -so a cover, mailed from
Leningrad to Berlin by air, with the rod air labol, reading Envoye par la
post aerienne ", with the 2nd n of aerionne inverted.

%igo 64 #55


Rossica Society members are hereby notified that an Expertization
Committee has been appointed.

The Committee will function in the following manner:-

1. Committee will expertize postage stamps of Russia 1858-1918,
Russian Offices Abroad, Armies and Governments of the Civil War
period (except Ukraine and Armenia), R S F S R and U S S R as to
genuiness of the stamps, overprints and postmarks, also as to any
imperfections and repairs made on the stamp, Exrotized, and
pronounced genuine stamps will be marked on the back of the stamp
with a special handstamp, reading "Rossica" in English.

The Committee is also ready to give rivice and information,
as well as approximate valuation in the -'d of Russian numismatiJ.
and paper money of the Revolutionary RJ-. c and the Civil War.

2. The Meetings of the Expertization Committee will be held on Fourth
Sunday of each month (exce t June, July and August), from 2t30pn
to 5rpm in New York tity. ddress:-'Union of Russian Engineers
Home of Free Russia, 386.West 86th Street, Now York, N. Y.

3. Expertizing is open to members of Rossica, as well as to non-
members, with the same rules applying both to members and non
members. The rules are enumeratod below.

4. Expertization is free to members of Rossica Society, submitting
one to five items. A fee of 10 cents each will be charged for.
items above five. Non-members will be charged 15 cents for each
item sent for exprtization, except for those catalogue by Scott
at $10.00 or more. For those the fee will be 2% of Scotti.valuation,
for members of Rossioa-Socioty-as.well as for non-members. Same
rules will apply for money as for philatelic itoms.. For more valuable
collections special agreements maybe made with.the EX1ERTIZING

5. Items sent for' exirtizing will be returned to the owner, either by
hand by a member of the,expertizing committee at the end of the
nearest meeting of the EXLERTIZING COMMITTEE, or by Registered Majti,
Expertizing as well as Postage. FEES must be sent by the owner of thY
material to be exportized at the, same. time as the material is senrr
This applies for material submitted by collectors living in U. S.
or Abroad. "Registration Fee for regula-" -11 is 60 cents, Air M.:l.
abroad is 70 cents for letters of norma eight and to Western Euz-co:
For more distant places,-and for, hoaviue letters, it is necessary ,o
consult United States Post Office for the rates.

Both the Rossica Society and the Expertizing Committee are not
responsible for the loss of letters or material in mail

",#55 ag 6
!' ', .S

6. In case of non inclusion of exptrtizinr postal fees, listed
under (4) and (5), the material will be ...d up by the expertizing
0 committoo, until all the fees are raid u-.

7. All financial dealings with the expertizing committee will be done
either in cash (U. S. money), chock, money order, mint U. S. or
U. N. stamps or international postal coupons.

8. All members of the Exportizinr Committee will work without pay, -%md
the money derived from oxportizing will be turned over into the
treasury of the Rossica Society.

9. The expertizing committee consists of the following, listed
al habetically.

K. Z. Adler A. M. Rosselevitch
P. P. Jemtchoujin N. V. Savitzky
N. A. Kormilev (Money) H. M. Shenitz
V. A. Rachmanoff

Names of members of the Expertizing Committee, living outsio
of New York, will be announced after the Annual Meeting of the
Society in New York in November.

10. All correspondence for the exportizing committee must be addresrel
to A. Rossolevitch.

93 18 C 0 R O N A VE. -ust 15, 1958
E L M H U R S T 73, w York
L 0 NG I SL N D, N. Y. Rossica Society
U. S. L.

INTERFOSTL -International Exhibition of Postage Stamrs, Hamburg 1959.
Duration of the Exhibition May 22 to 30, 1959, in Hamburg.
Address INTERPOSTA Hamburg 36, Kaiser Wilhelmstr. 85.

Exhibition Site The Exhibition will take race in the vast Exhibition
Park of Planton un Blomen (near the "Dammtor"

Exhibition Premises Four largo exhibition pavilions will be made avai'.4 -':.
In one of them postal administrations of the whcle worj :
will exhibit their treasures, a further pavilion is
reserved for stamp dealers.

Exhibition Regulations Rospoctive details have been published in the f.-
brochure of IENTRPOSTA (Write for your co-y).

Final Date of Entry Definite and main entry must be affected on a speciaL
,ntry-form by J-' 5 y 75, 195'" (For dot-nils see first
Sbrochixu ofIV TE S T A).

Pago 66 r

rsia, Khannates of Bukhara and Lhiva2 .SiAnBa
Reviewed by Dr, BG Salisbury
S. D. Tchilinghirian and W. S. E Stiehen. The British Society of Russian
Philately. 94, High Street, Aborlour, Banffshiro, Scotland. Price 30/,
United States and Canada $4.50.

The classic series of books dealing with the Russian Used Lbroads
continues in the same interesting, intensely breathtaking in scope, and
most informative way, ,as the first two previously published. Geographica:hlc
historical and postal history notes preceding 'o philatelic section of.or
a tremendous amount of useful material, some of _-h is not easily availa.li
to amst of the collectors. The maps, to the reviewer, are especially aFol-
ing, as some of the offices shown there have defied and frustrated him, i.I
search, even on the large mars of the regions, under discussion. The ship
linos of the Casrian brought back memories of an uncle, a captain on.some o,
the ships mentioned in the book. Collectors of ship mail postmarks will fr::-
a great deal of valuable data on the Caspianand the Amu-Darya Steamers, hil.
the Railway enthusiasts will appreciate the Ftrsian, the TranscasApan,
Kagan-Bukhara railroad postmarks described and illustrated in this opuso
Specialists in "China" will find Sin-Kiang section the most authoritative
chapter of any read to-date, :on the subject.

The bibliography is detailed and useful, and this reviewers studies
in this field are cited, as they were in the previously published books.
The staggering number of "now" offices discovered by the authors, is a tri-.
bute to them as well as a proof that there is nothing final in philately aid
that research can and does expand our knowledge.

Postmarks of Ardobil and M1ku wore a pleasant surprise, the former,
from the collection of our Rossica member, Mr. Kethro .(the only example
known) while the latter, also a consular post office, was a total stranger.
These posts of the Russian Imlprial Mission present a distinct challenge to
the specialist.

The offices of the Russian Postal Administration, Gumbad I Kabuz
illustrated a fine -ostmark 'which is most rare on the Romanov-Issue of 1913I
7 kop. The agencies of the Russian Shipping Lineo, Engeli (now rhlevi)
present a fascinating partial postmark Typ, 2, dced on a loose copy. of
the 10 kop, 1909 issue. It was a thrill find. c; 219 oval, large and rc.,b
attractive as well as rare postmarks of the Russe --aucasian Stepmship As.'>-.
ciabion, as well as the single line "IVa.I KOIDSNIKOV' (COMPLETE reviow-
has only a partial cancellation. The "Phrisienne", the "Turkmen" and the
"Paquebot" wore also appealing, the former seems to be the earliest rec c--a".:
on the Caspian, while the latter has been found on stamps originating fro;

Staraya Bukhara postmarks, and chock list. should, be of great help to
the collectors of the Khanate. The reviewer has a Staraya Bukhara comminer'.
letter with the registry sticker of the Postal Telegraph Office there, anl .n
accompanying postmark of Bukhara (without the "staraya" or "old") sent to "'..
eotersburg in 1900, showing a Baku transit .postmark. Karakul caneollati-run
on Page 245 brought back memories, as this town and a railway str.tion on th"
Transcaspian Line, with a Russian Postal Telegraph Office did a great deal of

/55 Page 6;

business in black lamb skins with EkAtorinodar, Kuban Oblast whore the re-
viewer lived for thirteen years. Only one item has been recorded by the
^ authors so far.
The Now Urgonch postmarks of the Khannto of Khiva, should be singled
out. They are well illustrated, and some of them are areo, and tho2e are no
covers kno.n,

In the chapter on Sin-Kiang, we mast rraiso the page of Kuldja ills'-:
tions of postmarks and registry labels. Some of t-Lho aor now to the ri:: -
er. Dr. Tolman's registered cove:.- from Kuldja to T ing 6J,11,1912 is :
wise shown, as well as one from Kuldja to TientAinm 2'?.1916, and an in-?u;.-
letter from Chuguchak to Tientsin 10,6,1918, all sh.cw pieces, Those we :a1
seen not so long ago in New York. It vwas a Pla..L.T to eO again the om
interesting cover, from the collection of our door friend George Russell o'
Lukland, N. Z. which travelled registered from Stockholm to Kashgar on 25<.
1902, addressed to the Russian Consul-Goeeral fc r:csmissicn to explo-;
Sven Hedin, showing arrival or transit cancello of the p.o. of Osh in
in Forghana Province, in standard Type G, withLi. iy' arrival marking at
Kash-ar. The lioce do resistance of the illustr- ted covers was one from tihe
collection of Kurt Ldler, of the editorial stoiaf of Rossica Journal. It w
the fabulous cover, registered and sent from Urumchi on 22.6.1906 cadressed tc
a postal official at Moudon, Switzorlmad, franlod at Urumchi with a short set
of KITLI ovori ints, and re-franked at Chupuchak with a short set of ordinary
Russian stamps. Urumchi cancellation in Tyze lb.

Once again the reviewer pays tribute to the thoroughness, diligence ?nd
absorbing manner of the authors, in dealing with the most difficult phase ef
* Russian philately. The series of handbooks is doubly valuable as it most
needed not only by s-ecialists and medium collectors of this field, but by the
collectors of all the countries which border on the Russian Empire, and which
had Russian post offices in their domains.

In closing, we should like to mention that many readers have asked for
a s-ecial edition of the illustrations of the books, printed on one side only
for cutting up, and pasting on album agos, for writing ur collections, etc.
The booklet can be produced, without text, or cardboard cover, containing
650 illustrations of cancellations, total for parts 1-5 inclusive, and about
96 pages. The price can be around $2.00 if at least 100 sets are sold.
Orders for this booklet may be sent now with your order for F.rt IV, which
will appear early in January and will cover Uriankhai, Mongolia, China Proer.
and the Lyaotung Leasehold. Price is $4.50, but to the readers who are
members of the Rossica Society or the British Society of Russian Thilately i.T
advanced, pro-paid price (before December 31, 1958) will be $3.00 for the
_hrt IV, and $2.00 for every s-ocial booklet of the illustrations, men! :d
previously. The edition is limited, so do not 0-- r in placing your ordc:-.,
L few ?brts I, 2 and 3 are still available. Th. already collectors
items, especially in complete sets.

it e 68 #5

by^_WLt erFuOenlob,_Sbjitze-larl^d
The following Russian stamps were at auction in the 1939/40 Faberge
Sale as well as in the 1958 Goss Sale. The lots are exactly the same and
it is interesting to see how much they have incrro -'d in value in the
intervening 18 years.

Goss Lot #46. "A wonderful strip of 3 with huge margins at top and shqt
margins at right, cancelled with three neat crosses; one
stamp with a small stain on the back, otherwise superb
and extremely rare".
Goss Lot #157. "Dorpat double-lined, bi-lingual, a full strike tying a
very deep shade to piece",
Goss Lot M182. "Poltava, a large part of 1858 strike on a fine verticaL
pair with good margins.but the lower stamp with a small
defect at foot. Very rare.".
Goss Lot #227. "Valk, a good strike tying a superb marginal adhesive to
cover, at the back of which there is another strike of "he
same handstamp with June 1858 date inserted by -mnuscript.
Goes -. Lot #173. "Druskenniki in red with manuscript 1858 date ir violet
tying a very fine adhesive to a large part of cove:;' whi.cha
also shows a red Warsaw date stamp; stated to be the on..y
known example ."1
Goss Lot #382. "Error watermark hexagons, a fine example with clear 18S0
date, one perforation .a little short but Ipobably the
finest7-of four recorded copies."
Goss Lot #3843. "Franco" in oval, a clear.blue strike on a fine adhesive
on piece, (used in Laant), also showing part of Berdichev
sCrirt type cancellation, extremely rare.
*Scott No, S. Gibbons No, Goss Lot Estimated Realized F.tbergeNoeRealized

1 1 .#146 70 / 175 #103 l10

1 ; 1 157 15 30 # 18 6

1 1 '182 ,32 75 7 # 95 4/15
i -

1 1 #227 / 25 f 49 Rd125 5 6

1 1 #173 40 %-200 /116 Z 14

I 27c 31b '#382 Y350 Z 490 #243 77

: 28b 32b #384 60 ; 70 #'244 8/8

S1 1 f/257 28 J 100 Levant #3 8/8

#55 Ige 69

This comparison of prices could be continued for a long time. But the
examples cited will suffice to show how much Classical Russian stamps have
increased in value.

Dr. G. B. Salisbury

We must note the 10k., 20k., and 301. blocks of fo.z of 1858 watern.L.>-
perforated 14J, 15 stamps sold at the auction. Another item of interest .
the Offices in Turkey 2k. brown and blue, 1865 issue, a vertical strip c.
3 with top sheet margin. Margins on all sides, blue cancellation, estii'-.'
at $405.00. Another strir of same stamp joined to an additional strip of
of three to form the tied blue K H I 0 S postmark, a rarity indeed. Same
stamp, a vertical pair tied by blue 783 in dots to a small neat cover
postmarked in blue Mi E R S I N A ", addressed backstamped "Beyrouth"
was also sold at the same time.

by Dr. G. B. Salisbury

Part of the H. C. GOSS Russia was sold for % 22,462. Sale of the
remainder should raise the total to Y 28,000.

Pro adhesive covers (21 lots) realized % 286. Among those was a 1766
entire with a straight line ST. FETERSBURG believed to be the earliest

St. Ibtersburg Town Post Postal Stationery commanded little attention
and some of greatest rarities were not sold. The Moscow Town Post envelopes
realized good prices and were in great demand.

The early essays wore popul-r. 19 Mercury and Eagle essays of 1857
realized % 315, while 36 of 1857 Eagle essays brought % 310.

Tiflis 1857, slightly defective stamp, Russia's 1st adhesive stamp
fetched 175. Choise proofs of 1857 10k., twelve in number brought. 54'7

The 1858 10 kop. exceeded estimates. See Mr. Frauenlob's examples.
Block of 10 proofs of 10 kop. frame in black brought 105, and a compario.;
block of 6 of 20 kop. was sold for 4 65.

The 1913 Romanov Tercentenary Issue provide the greatest realization
of the Sale. Collection of 758 die proofs and .- .s realized 2 2,250.
"Uniqucl study (F. Freitag, K. Adler, H. Shenitz, F. J. Fohs and I have
tremendous "studies" of the same and huge collections), of World War I dumn:
or mute cancellations brought % 725. Sec British Journal of Russian Thilately
for the Series of articles based on above holdings, by Dr. G. B. Salisbury
and F. Fleitag.

Page 70 I55

This comparison of prices could be continued for a long time. But the
examples cited will suffice to show how much Classical Russian stamps have
increased in value.

Dr. G. B. Salisbury

We must note the 10k., 20k., and 301. blocks of fo.z of 1858 watern.L.>-
perforated 14J, 15 stamps sold at the auction. Another item of interest .
the Offices in Turkey 2k. brown and blue, 1865 issue, a vertical strip c.
3 with top sheet margin. Margins on all sides, blue cancellation, estii'-.'
at $405.00. Another strir of same stamp joined to an additional strip of
of three to form the tied blue K H I 0 S postmark, a rarity indeed. Same
stamp, a vertical pair tied by blue 783 in dots to a small neat cover
postmarked in blue Mi E R S I N A ", addressed backstamped "Beyrouth"
was also sold at the same time.

by Dr. G. B. Salisbury

Part of the H. C. GOSS Russia was sold for % 22,462. Sale of the
remainder should raise the total to Y 28,000.

Pro adhesive covers (21 lots) realized % 286. Among those was a 1766
entire with a straight line ST. FETERSBURG believed to be the earliest

St. Ibtersburg Town Post Postal Stationery commanded little attention
and some of greatest rarities were not sold. The Moscow Town Post envelopes
realized good prices and were in great demand.

The early essays wore popul-r. 19 Mercury and Eagle essays of 1857
realized % 315, while 36 of 1857 Eagle essays brought % 310.

Tiflis 1857, slightly defective stamp, Russia's 1st adhesive stamp
fetched 175. Choise proofs of 1857 10k., twelve in number brought. 54'7

The 1858 10 kop. exceeded estimates. See Mr. Frauenlob's examples.
Block of 10 proofs of 10 kop. frame in black brought 105, and a compario.;
block of 6 of 20 kop. was sold for 4 65.

The 1913 Romanov Tercentenary Issue provide the greatest realization
of the Sale. Collection of 758 die proofs and .- .s realized 2 2,250.
"Uniqucl study (F. Freitag, K. Adler, H. Shenitz, F. J. Fohs and I have
tremendous "studies" of the same and huge collections), of World War I dumn:
or mute cancellations brought % 725. Sec British Journal of Russian Thilately
for the Series of articles based on above holdings, by Dr. G. B. Salisbury
and F. Fleitag.

Page 70 I55

(CGnLinund f7rom Page 12I
I will now discuss both of the issues, which official were prepared
in Constantinople on December 17, 1920 & February 23, 1921. Lack of space,
does not allow me to discuss fully interesting documents, lists and reports
which I posses either in original or in notarized copies. All of the quan-
tities and facts, which are given below are taken from these papers, which
are parts of the archives of the director of the '". sian Post in Constanti-
Information on the quantities issued is unfortunately inaccurate; since
a number of detailed lists in my possession has different quantities issued
for the same stamp. Probably, some of the lists were prepared for propaga:t..a
purposes and either the numbers.were rounded off, or given approximately.
The most reliable lists, according to my point of view are #29, dated Janr:xTy
5, 1921 on the blank of Russian Post & #104 dated April 8, 1921. Total qu,.-
.tity issued of 1st. set is 299,204 (other lists give approximately the sam '
figure, except .one which has -.305,800 stamps). ;2nd. set gives 375,750 sta:pi-
(other lists vary from 363,350 to 397,400).
The following paragrahs give the quantities overprinted of'different

"Post of Russian Army". stamps of Russia, perforated: 1000r. on 1 & 2k.
(200 each), 3k. (36,000), 4. (17,900), 5k. (18,300), 7k. (20,000), 10k.
(4,700), 10/7k. (6,400); 5,O00r. on 3k. (88,100), 14k. (100), 15k. (8,000),
20k. (800), 20/14k. (300), 25k (3500), 35k. (5,600), 50k. (4 500), 70k.
(9,100'). 10 Or. on lr. (3,690),3r. Sok. -.grey black (50), 3r. 50k. green
brown (900t, 5rsT 25), 7r. black and yellow (i00), lOr. (700). 20 000r. on
r. (750), 3r, 50k. green brown (600), 3r. 50k. grey black 50), 7r. black
yellow (100), 7r. green & .rose (25), and 10r. (250). Stams of Russia -
"Irperf orate: ,00r. on 1 & 5k. (100 each), 2 & 3k. (200 each), 4k. (not
mentioned at atll ; 500..on 3k. (400), 15, 35 & 50k. (100 each), 70 k. (200)
10.000r. on lr. (8,1001, 3r. 50k. (700), 5r. (100),.7r. (50); v20000r. on .r,
T8,000o, 3r. 50k. (100), 5r. (700), 7r. (50); Postal Savings Stamps: 1iOrQ, o
on k, _(200), 5 and 10k. (6,600 each); Stamps ca vant 1910. 1 000r. &
5,000r. (100. each)) *IQV .r. on 10pi./lr. (60) O.OOcr. (360 Stainp6
of Levant 1912-13: e0h0r. and 5.0003. (100 of eac.t, IQQ00o r. on 50pi./5r,
and 100pi./lOr. (25 eachT, 20.00r on 50pi./5r. (200), l.OpiO10r. (50)5
Stamps of General Denikin "One Russia": 00. on 51. (3O900d, l0k. (9,800),
15k. (2,800), 35k. 0(3,989),.. 70k. (10,200); 310OOOr. on 70k. (not. mentior.!.d
at all) ,on 3, 5 & 10r. (90 eetch), Ir. (900), 2r. (145), 7r. (30); 2p0p.,
on lr. (510), 2, 5 & l0r. (300 each), 3r. (150), 7r. (50).
"Russian Post"'. stamps of Russia' perforated: 0,.OOOr. on 1 & 2k. (100 eac'-.^
...3, 5 and 7k. (2,000 each), 4k. (2,500); 20 000r. on 15k. (1,000), 20k.
((2,000), 35k. (300), 50k. (2,,500), 70k. (50). Stamps of: Russia, imperfcrrWti
100 of each, but 4, 5, tand 50k. are not listed. anywhere. 1909 and 1910 sBa-pe
of Levant (100 of each). 1912-13 stamps of Levant, 100 of each, except
3pit./35k. (200). Stamps of Ukraine, Odessa (Double lined trident), 31000(1.
on 1k. imperforate (15,750), 3k. imperforate (500), 2k. perforate(50).

# 55 Page 71
:. .::^ I
"~' ';. -*_ '

Odessa (small trident), perforated. 10000r. on Ik. (4,000), 3k. (100),
7k. (5,500); 20,000r. on 20 & 5k. (100 coach ; 20/14k not shown; imperf-
orate. 10000r. of 1k. (3,400), on 3k. (4,900); 20000r. on 35k. (50),
5Ck. (10), Odossa (elongated trident), perforated 10Q.00r. on Ik. (100),
Ick. (400); 20.000r. on 20k. (3,300), 56k. (28,000o ; imrorforate, 10,000r.
on Ik. (600), 50k. (100). Kharkov, 10000r. on 1k. (100), 2k. (200).
Ekatcrinoslav prorated, 10,Or. on Ik. (30 600). 3k. (39,300), 4k.
(7,900), k. 200), 7k. (18,500), 10k. (51,500),- 'k. (6,000); 20,000r, on
20k. (35,200), 20/14k. (2,000) 35k. not shown, (35 000); imperforato,
10lOOr. on lk. (70,700), 3k. (11,400); 2000. on:2Ck. 100). In addition
the list of the 2nd. Issue has the following stamps: 'Russia, imperforate
20,000r. on 20k. (100) and Odessa (double lined trident), 10.O00r. on 10k.
perforated (2,000) and Russia perforated 10.000r. on 10k. (200).
Total of both issues added to 675,000. According to the official re-
lease, dated May-'31 1921, the total quantity distributed to vxaious bren,;-
offices, of both sets, during the life of the post was 116,534 stamps and of
which only 74,144 stamps were sold. 27,345, stamps were sent to Belgrad, b"'
until now the quantity sola there is still not known All stamps were sold
for the currency of the iSureme' Cbnmnand i.e. the money issued by Generals
eonikin & Wrangel. The rates of 10,00r. 10p4. 1. French Frank 2 silver
dinars were established for the purchasers having foreign currency.

Stamps .unsold in postal branches .of Russian Post, were returned to
6onstantinople and added to supplio's'there and then were sold to stamp
dealers & .sriculaitors. Naturally, selling of stamps at various branches of
Russian Post, 'did: not indicate in any. way,, that these stamps were used to
prepay postage 'on. correspondence, 'espieialy 'in Constantindple, where 66,80%
stamps were sold and where:'the principall purchasers were collectors stamp
dealers and speculators, who purchased stamps to the value, of 3,842 lira3
(Turkish) and that amount did not include the stamps which were bought for
Russian rubles. In all other branches stamps to. the.value of 67 li. 90 pi.
S(urkish) w6re sold, while the other sales were for valueless Russian paper
money amounting to tens of millions of rubles.
.It is interesting to note that the "Russian -.sts stamps were distributed
to the following branches.: Constantinople, Bc :: -: Gillipoli, Lemno3 (no
stamps of the" 2nd. set sent there), Khrlki I ;(Oni/ 14 stamps of 2nd. set sold),
Khalki II (2nd. Issue, 10,00r. 6..20,C00r,.- 1 sold), Bernadotte (Onri 24
of 2nd.. Issue eold), Thla I, Tuzia, II, Chatadja (1st. Issue 5,00r. 1,
10.O0Cr. 22, 2nd. issue.- none sold), Kanrober (hone. sold), Lann (No stamps
of 2nd. issue sent),,Selimie (noneof 2nd. issue sold), Buuk-Dore (Ist. Issue
5.000r. r'10, 10,000r. -,18, 20,00r. -.4 sold, 2nd. issue not sent)' Tora'ia
(1st. Issue, 5.000r. -4, 10,000r. 2, 20,0001., 5, 2nd. issue not sent).,
The above figures are" very interesting and very valuable, because these
stamps are often offered on covers in complete sets, and also because they
are cancelled with" most varied cancellers. Quite often are also found stamps
of the 2nd. issue with the cancellation of camps to which no stamps were sent
or where nc stamps were sold. The 'covers include cancellations of Kanrober
where not a:: single stamp was sold,' as .well qa. the camps at
Page 72 ,

Bizerte, St. Arno, etc. where oftheao no stampes were .sold or no stamps were
available. I will go further into the subject at the end of my article.

No matter what the true motives of Mr. X, the 'initiator of these issues,
were, the Russian Post and its branches initiate' .. definite set of rules,
which were as follows:-

1 Rates were established

a-Post Cards 1,660 rubles.
b-Ordinary Letter 5,000 rubles.
c-Registerod Letter 10,000 rubles.

Due to rapid fall in the value of the ruble, by the tiae the 2nd.
set appeared the postal rates were increased to -

a Post card 5,000 rubles.
b Ordinary letter 10,000 rubles.
c Registered letter 20,000 rubles.

2 On December 21, 1920 N. A. Chebykin was appointed as a postmaster
of Serbia, and who was stationed in Belgrad, as well as 3 couriers
for carrying mail. Two who were established on route Belgrad -
Constantinople were V. A. Gorachkovski & Col. Treskin. For route
Lemnos, Gallipoli & Catarro, Sr. Leut. I. S. latino was appointed
with a monthly salary of 60 rubles. Approximately 2 months later,
on February. 26, 1921, Sr. Leut. Platonov while aboard the ship
"O S T 0 R 0 J N I", travelling to Lemnos on -official business
and having in his possession money of Russian Government & the
correspondence was held up and assassinated.

Meanwhile, Mr. X was travelling to Western Europe with-large supplies of
these stamps. Of the 27,345 stamps delivered to C!'-bykin in Belgrad, an unx-
known quantity was sent to Tkhorjevski in Paris, sale to stamp dealers
and collectors. Unfortunately I have no records Tf these sales..

It is interesting to note that on April 26, 1921 from the suitcase of the
head of the Russian Postal system,,who resided in a hotel in Constantinopl.',
308 liras and 80 piastres of;government .money and 1461, mostly rare, over-
prints on Russian Levant (2nd. sot), with a face value of,188 liras and 10 p,.
were stolen. A written legal report unwittingly wonders why a responsible
government official kept money and stamps in a suitcase in his hotel room,
rather than in the office of the Russian Post or in the headquarters of. Rui'?'
Mission. This occurence, plus the one involving one in Crimea where a supil.:
of 100r/Ik. overprints was stolen, opens a way for various conjectures.

I have already mentioned the protest of the Turkish Government,,transa
fitted through Allied representatives on March 4, 1921. The basis of this
protest was the #433 Sevres Treaty, by which Russia, not being a momber of
the League of Nations as yet, was not entitled to establish Post Offices in
Turkey. A. A. Neratov, the representative of our government, in reply dated

#55 Page 73


March 11, 1921, #851, attempted-to depict the activity of the Russian
Post, as that of the internal business of the Refugee Administration. The
allied administrators did not agree with this point of view and insisted
that this postal system be discontinued and tho sale of stamps stopped. In
their reply of March 27, 1921 they only allowed Russian Govornmont to
maintain auxiliary P. 0. in Iera, which was alr in operation in May,
1920, and which I already discussed previously, T"he requests of allied
representatives were adhered to and the activity of Russian Post ceased
and all branches were closed at the end of May 1921, thus ending a short
lived activity of this post.

It remains now for me to discuss the last remaining question, heretof:--
not touched, i.e. the question of large cancellctions of Russian Post foa'l
on covers and:post card, and which was tangled up a great deal by Mr. X.

From a number of considerations, enumerated below, I seriously doubt
that these cancellers were supplied to various postal'branches of Russian
Post and used for cancelling stamps. Those doubts are based not only on
the facts that letters are found with the cancellations cf the refugee ca-pm
to which no shmps were sent, namely Bizerte, Antigoin, PFoti, etc, but alio
to the fact- that Mr. X upon his arrival to Western Europe exhibited large
quantities of these envelopes, which he prepared before hand, to show and to
prove to-those cnterosted that those stamps actually were used for corres-
pondence, It is also known that Mr. X brought with him a great assortment
of cancellers of various cities and camps, and. which he widely used, to pr'c-
pare letters and post cards and also to cancel stamps.

It is hard to realize, that.thoso cancellors were.prepared in duplicate,
and that Mr. X was able to take duplicates with him, and leaving the origLn-
als in post offices of cities and camps. Strangely, not one of the documents
or financial reports of Russian .Post of that time, mentions any payments for
cancellers, nor does it mention their distribution to various camps.

A great deal of doubt is also brought up by very important details
which until pow: have either .baen minir.zed or nc+ l-ticod at all: on all of
thes3 cancellations, the words Russian Post and the name of the local ,'ly
is in Russian characters of old orthography, while the month is indicated by
use of Latin (French) characters, besides which the date cancellation is
actually made by a separate cancellr,, which is applied additional, in th
middle of the main canceller. This, French indication of months, has no
logical justification, since, the Russian Post was strictly a Russian affair
and the letters never had an occasionn to be delivered to foreign post office.

It is perfectly cleor, that those cancollers with date indicator, had
the datos assembled from rubber .numorals and Latih letters, which were
easily obtainable at any large stationery stores It is unlikely, that each
postal branch was. supplied not only with a large canceller, but also with a
box containing an assortment of letters and numerals, and also that all of
the clerks receiving and sending correspondence were familiar with nomen-
clature of months in French.

Page 74 #55


Besides that, I personally saw several letters, addressed to Russian
refugees in Constantinople and other camps, which were deloverod in the
name of "Sanitary-Refugee Branch of the Russian Army in Constantinople",
besides that all of the correspondence bore a violet franking of this Com-
mission. One letter was from Roumanic, prepaid with Roumanian stamps; two
others from Belgrad had Serbian stamps and were addressed to and received
by Mr. X, notwithstanding the fact that he was the organizer of this post%
that there was a branch of this post in Bolgrad, and that he was the organ-
izer of this post in Constantinople. Finally the 4th. letter was sent fro:
Gallipoli to Constantinople, prepaid wit4 the stamps of "Russian Army Post '
and cancelled with markings of Gallipoli, Constantinople and violet marking
of "Sanitary-Refugee Committee". Therefore, parallel with notorious
"Russian Post" existed other, fully official office whose business was to
send and receive correspondence, and occasional as we see above, in certa.
instances, letters with stamps and franks of the Russian Post,

It would be very interesting, if some of our readers who at that time
lived in Constantinople, would advise us of all they know about the functlori
of this post. I have an official declaration of the Principal Prosecutor
of the Russian Army and the Fleet, #998, dated March 24, 1921, sent from
aboard the ship "Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovioh" to the head of Financ.ial
Section, A. I. Piltz, with a "confidential" staten -t, in which is discus-ae
a p.per received by Supreme Commander, whose cor- is describe abnormalities
pf postal organization and of vague status, from juridicial points of view,
of the Russian Post in Constantinople. The clearing up of this question,
was turned over to Col. Ukraintsev, but in my papers 1 have no clues what co
ever as to whether anything was cleared up, or what the final outcome of tLi3
business was.

I have no intention of placing a brand on all letters bearing stamps of
1st. and 2nd. issues and the cancellations of the Russian Army Post as being
absolute .products of Mr. X. Undoubtedly, a certain percentage of these letters
originated with refugees and was addressed to their refugees, and was accept-
ed and serviced by Russian Post, but the question is how to separate these
letters, from hundreds of others, prepared by Mr. X either before leaving
for his Wost.European trip or during the years following. To answer thls
question is Very difficult, but on the other hand we can mention a few baeic
facts, which perhaps may help. Ist. of all we must remember that none :of
the branches received any of the rare stbmps having an issue of 25 to 1,0/
copies, since these wore kept for sale to collectors. Then, we must di;-
regard material addressed to Mr. X, couriers and representatives of the
Russian Post. For example, I will cite a letter to the courier of Russian
Post, via Constantinople-Belgrad route, addressed c/o Union of Russian
Engineers, Belgrad, with cancellation of "Russian Post Constantinople
December 24, 1920".. It is perfectly clear thht this letter can not be ta:c,-,
seriously .as a'good example of usage. We must also disregard cancelled
letters from camps, where no postal branches existed, and in all other inci" -
cos we must be guided by, the appearance of the letter, in other words whhe- ..'-',
it was tied upin any way with the name of Mr. X and his extremely clever
machinations, with fully detailed information, whf.:'h was given out with the
purpose of mixing up the philatelists and stamp' I1rs. One must not fo:I't
that until now, all of the published information _L all of the catalogues &

'55 Page 75

,spacial articles on the issues of Wirangel Post, originated from the fcrtlle
mind of MrI X, and that it was widely circulated everywhere and beleivod,
because Mr. X was the originator and the highest official of the P 0 S To

E DI TOR I A L N O T E' The views presented in this article are solely
those .of the author .,, Rosselevitch, and the Editors of Rossica disclaim
any responsibility for any and all statements included in this article.
Documents, lists, etc. which are described by the author, were presented at
the regular meeting of Rossida in Spring of 1958 in New York. To reproduce
all of the .material in the journal is difficult, because of its volume. Those
who are particularly interested in the subject may examine these documents at
the meeting of Rossica in November 1958 or can get in direct communication
with the author. The Editorial board underlines i': words of the author ji'
not all stamps .of Wrangel are counterfeit and th .- speaks of the active'
of one -erson only.and that he..d.oes not reproach ,lase who were fooled by h..,r,
his o'ly ideas' are to bring to the attention of doalerscollectors and
exports, the ffact that they must be very caroful, since this issue was touched
by the improper activities of iMr X.
.ooooooooooooooo '

N 0,T ES R 0 M C 0 LLE C T ORS

"A. -Rosselovitch Eesti Post

It is indeed a controversial issue. Fom information available we know
they were issued with speculative purposejeither by a stamp dealer, or a
private individual in colusion with the Postal Administration in Talinn
(Revel), Estonia, or with a help of postal clerk who allowed a certain
quantity of letters to go through -the mails.

All.'of these covers have either a fictitious address or no address at
all, and are of pr'ely philatelic character.

Exact quantitities of stamps issued are not known and the overprints vwre
made by a rubber handstamp. The series included 18 to 19 values, from 1 kop,
to 10 rubles, of which 1, 10/7, 35 kop. and 10 rubles perforated and 2 ko->;,,
1, 3.50 anid 5 ruble values are rare. A great number of counterfeits, froii wry
,poor to dangerously good exist, off and on cover, BecaUse of the difficaL ,;
of expertising those handstamped overprints, dnd because of this issue beel n
more of speculative phantasti.. nature, we should only consider those pieces
that: -hae .the, guarantee markings of such iell kno.-r firms as Einchental &
Berzin. As far we 1know the stamps of this issue have other than abo3a
guarantee' markings are all feakos.

Aplroval Circuits Circulating packets, with stamps, on approval, are avail-
able for members of Rossica, residing in United Sttes.. Stamps sell from
25% to 40% of Scottts Catalogue. Stamps catalogued from 2 to 6 cents sell
for 2 cents each. Each participant is obliged to pay only the postage and
insurance to the next member, without obligation to purchase. Those intore-tr-
ed, please contact the Secretary of the Russian speaking section A. N. Lavio.,
252 Sherman St., Passaic, New Jersey.

Aigo 76 5

A. Rosselevitch 11, and 11 norforations.

Neither in Tiflis, nor in any other city, were Russian stamps perf-
orated 11, and 11i issued officinUly. MA of those were reparod either by
private individuals, or in some cases by postal clerks, on their own initia-
tive, for the purpose of easier sopration of imperforato stamps. Various
types of perforations from 9 to l- gauge are known to exist, as well as
sawing machine perforations and others. Besides that, coUnterfeit porfo-
ations, prepared abroad are known to exist. Theo -tampe are interesting
only when found on covers, otherwise it is nevc: -Jsible to establish whoe
thor we are dealing with a counterfeit or a.genuirne item. (See Page 60).

light green background.

"Stamps of 1 ruble of 1909-23, with light green background, instead of
light brown, is neither a trial, error or a variety, although it is list'o
in Romekols catalogue. Same variety of 1 ruble on vertically laid paper -x f
1902-04 issue, which is occasionally found with light green background, and
sometimes with one in black, together with the ones mentioned above are
chemical changelings of unknown source." (See Page 59).

10 ruble of 1909-23 with blue background.

This stamp is written up in detail in Rossica #28 (1937). (Soo Paee _( ).
o -
ooooo0000000ooooooo00000000000000oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo000000 oooooooo
O o
o 1 am interested in obtaining complete 1922, 1923, 1930 and later o
o years of Soviet Philatolist and Soviet Collector. g
o o
o E. MarcoWitch o
o o
00 oc
0 0
o I wish to sell my albums of the RussE .mpiroe and Soviet u'-b.:.
o o
ol94., mute cancellations, pro-philotolic letters, Russian Offices in 0
0 o
oTurkoy, China and Crete, Armeniap Georgia, Ukraine, etc. 6 albums o
oPrice Franks Swiss 8,000. Floase write to me for details.
o o
oQreg orv I. Rabinovitch Som r.cherstr. 21 Zurich Switzerland c
00 00
00000000Co0000000oo 000000000CC0000000000000ooC0000oooocc0cocoo0ooooooo-,C

#55 Pago



The editors warmly welcome the efforts of E. Marcovitch, whose idea is
to clean up Russian Philatoly of all the bogus mr rial, errors in the
catalogues and errors of researchers, against wP'c.r many collectors have
protested from time to time. We recommend to ou: oaders and friends to
take into account these explanations, to which in future will be added new
information, because as this work goes ahead further study will be made of
these little known issues.

At the same time, the editorial board would like to add to the work
of the esteemed author the following: Phantasies in Russian Philately
actually start with 14 kopek, without thunderbolts, diagonaly cut in half
and overprinted 7 in red on each half ( Scott's No. 38L ). The author
of this phantasy was one of the well known, older Russian philatelists,
who prepared several of these H A L VE S and with help of one postal
clerk mailed a number of prepared covers, I think, mostly to himself. This
occurod in March 1883 in Tiflis, and at the present time only a few
examples of this phantasy are known to exist.

We must also mention phantastic variations in color of the paper of
the Charity Issue of World War I, namely of the 3k. plus 1k. of 1915 on
white paper.

The better known phantasy is the one on yellow (orange) paper, prepa.-od
in Russia, and until this time remaining a puzzle to many. Lesser known
phantasy of the same stanp is the 3 kop. variety on grayish blue prier, i.e,
on the paper of 10 kop. of the same issue; this variety was produced in
Paris, comparatively recently, by the same Mr. X, who is freely discussed
in the article by Mr. A. M. Rosselevitch entitled 0 VE R PR I N T S 0 F
WR N GE L P 0 ST (See Pages 5-12 & 71-76). For a long time this
variety was unnoticed, and had very limited circu -tion as compared with the
one on orange paper. The purpose of both of the -jve stamps was to produce
non existent varieties, purportedly found in the archivess of Ministry of
Posts and Telegraph during the revolution.

Certain information also exist, that 1921 issue of Armenia, produced
by overprinting the R U B L E values of the Arms Type of Russia are also
Phantasies. The overprint consists of a five pointed star and a new value
in thousands of rubles, all inside of a vertical rectangular frame. Un-
fortunately the editors, as yet do not have complete data, to give their
opinion on this issue.

page 78 -