Front Cover

Gainesville Alachua County Florida University of Florida The Educational Center of Florida
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00016980/00001
 Material Information
Title: Gainesville Alachua County Florida University of Florida The Educational Center of Florida
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Manufacturer: Pepper Printing Co.
Subjects / Keywords: History -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Temporal Coverage: Common Era ( 1200 - 3000 )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: notis - AAA9642
System ID: UF00016980:00001
 Related Items

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
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        Page 18
Full Text


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Gaineville is located on the Disie Highwa. and on

C HIS L...kl:I i pliilil.ed and r-_url i., rhe Gj,-..-
iille ( imnl.r ,:i (u.oniLmeLe. air meanizui.uii i.,m.
*-.d ... 'I ilizen and L.usmine- n o! he l l- < .4 1 .i
I ,anet-ille.
II- prurpI.. i. Io pr.'--nt. in a i lear and .:.icr.: i
lmannr-r. ll lini exaggierali'n or ..'i.:rrig. lie fac concer'ing
tire UIi'- and Couni.
Tlho-r unlamila.lr ,iih the chln.l .:, edicJI; ii..--iil amnd a'r
cultir.i, a] i l a- lhe l comin'rliii-r nd a ni c:ondiii't ..-. nl
Gaine- l.e and irra hua lenuimt. will. u i- iru-t. find ilth I... k.
lei bl il li el r-1 lin' alld lll ifiru ii\'.
GC i.m-_il!e h: r an 3ll- a .r ,,.ind ideal! ,:im l,. a.ij i
ra3l d J: o' ne *.- iLr lieaj hie- I: l ci I- o il. i rlid S-i.1u .
: un; hin,- and ouii.iJi, r iitin air tile n :,-t felc e i, an:
p1 coinl 'llln l h.,ue malahieo pi,,ducrd l y lack A.I el a, -ou :[ ,iih
the -un and uuiu d..:.r air. Here. tou iiiriu lrl- oiiiit. ,ld.i,.r liinig
bo Ii ,dJa and nightly i- po- b.c. 'lie liu-pho al.l.. : mniale rr:i.lr-
tlie nlc"r-'e, oA lil- ea-,i and irne\pernii.li aialab,l-. ai.l
at ilie -.ime lintr- ', --nl'. ile h tniitg) that i- coi-iiii l iiin
more rigorou- chlilmal. Iliu, to a ,real xit-it, prt Iuhiing ilhi
3acane tau-e- oi pr,'ialiur,- 'brakl..,-n and -li' rt,-ned lit...
ITli, -,il in Alachia Count) i- ot maiji tpe_.f ,,.Id. ,
di iillln d alhd Lini-uall-u 1 .rili-. .-e eral -'o: 0' e: .ii- .i .. I
i:-n rln.- i e,-: r [ l rin. 'oil anid tilliate i'd..intrrl Cpi.i.it,- .
dii rrsih'-J larnt proiiram that plati'iialli pli.:.lide, lan in Ij!-
ure. I'ruduce Irom lie farnm ,old eir1" monll i i ith- ;e]
nikake (- aiii-t:'idc ii r, \c'eptionuia l arruD i- ld -- it..In,.
Ganr a ll'T e is priinarzl aln -ducjaiohial Lrin-i. Flo,.Jia ia.,:
Lin;icr-ii). ,aec Liilegc ofl \gr.c liur-e jmd L\. : iiienti
.m [aiin bring lucated hltre. \\ e Iaue one o( the timust t'unm

S. Hia h :2a, : No.
ti. 5. Highwa' No. 11

pleie and ueii equipped b;glh ihools oI the South. Gaines-
S;lle ai.ird- edu.:artnal advantages which are nor surpa-sed
h, arn ,lI r city ol the S:'utilt
Ga,,'-_ l!r n-_ ji. mrl,,p..i, : and ira.:h ,.; ,en[er ,,| the
gr.at .* .-ilral Fl..rJJ. and rll.-r.-i.i.r. a-iiner- [, 3 ct.ir ,rcial
Ierder_-lip in ilhc ktate.
In r ..i; dr:-lpi-_m ni Gainr--. le ha- k.-pt pa3e u !rl itL
diii ''iii' adiji~a.:en in and ihe people ar-e e.lu:ar-ed and
Cui ulu ... TlI.- -ll: I- ale i ll pa'rd and kI..pI clean. It i. a
ir .t i-jeaulilj li,.,me-; nd a (i a ihomni L j.j ng. hli.'plablh :
I I. t.hanim'-r of Corniinme-rie ler-elI:,e ial~-5 plea-ure in
pr, i- lintng ilih. L',oki,-[ .,nd, in a. kiing a1 p-'ru ai. ,em nd.:s ..

h,-,i ,,i ,...i n i. l.'.c [t:.ih. lfl lln inkiil i ,ri i.. %iii our ciu, .. ian ,[
.else l 'r ,ur_.:ll l! d ad .Intnl .,e4r and ,,p[,-![.]ii i ,n ,,i: r.
In i.- iii.arn ini,. inl rI.rn ir,',r .,i l an i k;nil -;ill Lie gldl\
lurni'l.,J upi.n iequiu-[ Addr', .

.\Alj liua loiiiunl) .iu-:[ lar : lghl 'i.n the peni-ula h-.
ler [*mni,.re"Jd mi, r and hint. r. bi Li. :-. zr- roi ritlter thi-
Allanih : uw i lhie ,ull. I[ II,- li ia l ef:.,,.:ii Ke., ,--[ o,)
[le .- ..ulll. aJ lJ P, J-a,.I.!, ,:', Ll,- >>,:-1-! F lub.l, tle t l i llt it I;
ica'lihed o(n r pater J li.1,.1ii r Ir..ii Lake LCi and jn,..ilier
..,,,,,i- .,ai il ,l!i.. t .: ,,uIll J eatl. "ii llh Jac:k-si r ll i!e. .a
,in l. I ., the ,l i h. d -I .I n,. lihr ..... ez ir..mni Tamllpa thi i, hl
S iIrals. ill aln.ilirr lughai li.h in Si. Aug. illjn o.n 1lW e.dit
S ,, (,-,eJ i K cnU ,nilr; I... th. -,u lh e- ,:, lle (-. G ull. T[h,
, l \ ll. >II I....a-'I L h:n ll-- I., it l i = ll h n.-_ ll,.,,iuih [l l, ...., i ldn ,
,! ,,.ili co nLiecnng c.l :-. lhne.. T le jd k*oniille, n. ,jill lle aud


g1gg" ". ggi .r : :" ." gra"Kiwa gBE. "_,", HIa" iS ." "li_'nam_ ;


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t-^ g~~i^ _^^,,,i, ,......* B fctt

;aintiillr has beaulilul public buildings. L. S. Gote
.\lachua Counly Hospital. Olf.ce
G ulf rJ. i i r, ...h ill, ,.u1iil n..ll an.I ..,ii,.
The '* :. ,.,l \.. Lm.: Pjk il%. v rv.,w ilI C..uclh C ..]i.;-. f!|- I..
JarL -. ,n i ll :.. c.,hr ,lhi .- u1111 all Ij3- p --," .n r'- 1,1,1 ir. nlli
.-r, ii'J .: .-n | i.lI r..:i Hl-e wanipl'- -.h l .,i h._ 1 \ ,
ters, together with the central location of the county, are an
important advantage to the producer and shipper.

Perfect Highway From All Points
Just a word regarding what Alachua Coun y has done in
building good roads to accommodate every section of the
county and connect up with the highway systems of the state.
SAs Florida stands out with good roads in the United States
so does Alachua County stand out with good roads and ranks
-of the County has been overlooked, and as the good roads
program has been carried out the rural districts have made
substantial development and land values have been enhanced.
The city of Gainesville is located on U. S. Highway 41,
extending from Copper Harbor, Michigan, on Lake Superior,
to Naples, Florida, far down the peninsula, on the Gulf of
Mexico. Truly U. S. Highway 41 is the "Boulevard of Amer-
ica," the Bee-Line North and South; the shortest, fastest, best;
most historical and most scenic route between the Great Lakes
and the Florida Keys. This highway, also known as the Dixie
Highway, and Florida No. 2 crosses all cross-state roads, thus
J making easily accessible either the East or West Coast cities.
Gainesville is also served by Florida State Highway No. 13,
from Jacksonville, where connection is made with the Coastal
Highway, north. Also Florida Highway No. 14, that leads
from St. Augustine on the East Coast to Cedar Key on the

rnmen Building. firls National Bank. Caint-iille High School
of Chamber of Commerce. Odd Fellows Home

SGainesville, a Progressivi
,Healthful City

UOSI ilhnpuLdiL 11 [I tle conltldlatiun uf Ilorida's
future is that brilliant star city, Gainesville, the
foremost cultural center of the state. As the site
of the University of Florida, Gainesville is con-
ceded to be the South's finest educational city.
And through her greatest asset, the state university, Gaines-
ville is educating the youth of today to be the builders of
As the county seat of Alachua Coun'y, Gainesville is justly
proud of her position as the business city of the surrounding
territory. Through commercial arteries, Gainesville yearly
draws the bulk of the five million dollar revenue produced
by a diversity of crops. Lumber, naval stores, lime rock and
phosphate mining combine to increase the trade revenue of
this city. With the great business derived from the University
of Florida, the annual turnover in Gainesville amounts to more
than ten million dollars.
This solid foundation for commercial activity is reflected
in the growth in population, which in 1925 was 8,466, as
compared to 14,500 in 1930. Wi h the growth in population
an enterprising city government has made a corresponding
increase in city improvements until today Gainesville ranks as
one of the most progressive cities of Florida. Health, wealth,
and life's fullest enjoyments await you in Gainesville. A
Climate and Health
The healthfulness of a community is dependent upon sev-
eral factors, chief of which are its altitude, average tempera-

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HolI Trir.ni Church. First Presby-terian Church. .1ac.l-ia .-lunity Crr t [ou-e. Mlunic.p-l nuildipn. First Raptii Church. Christian Church.
.ll other proiminrnl den n)n jilatoni are repreis n;d.

lure. rHaliue lhumni;dil\, aler -nppl\. -,-'C:" ;p,-,al a i I
*Jr nim,age:. llie act, \ li,: o[ Ille 11, r.l ..I r li- ilrl ii I.. -.,l-j rtl ,, .
1..".d 1 lpp : aln.I : n r e il and *:i:ti_ ll i II.l ,,I .J;-e:t -.


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l'rr h\ a11.11 l nli' I l': tr l ,i ht l llle I [li' .il ,, 1nI rlil .l11ll1 I
,Ir iiin a :,. N: 1'n,: 1-illl i t:'l l In.- ii i-m and ril, I .I

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Illi\'lliit ii I.,I 'J >Jl( !'i r_ in llll ,: ni[!,li-i iini .,: tji.i iln._!-. T!i,
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II ni0i n ile!! ':. ic-i .-\iJ ? -1 I.',-I l jn.l .li.i ,_- [plI .II

Board of Healch

Thll. r,;\ ma.ii l ainla a Br ar d of H al- l ih [ p,.! ri.:.. n.:an-
, I: .[ inl. ...:.rt I ill '1l1at l i. 1J- i i 3[ Jil, d mll.'l..in pr...'ii. .
Sil .Il r,-ria ii -nl- J oind l I :J...] ,hl -Irilui ii,.- al .h_- ,.
n111i- i!~. i. r,':,'ri ,l ii hl ,u," r i iti..r J!-_ : .-lt, ik all t!lrv :1.1:'I
ill rhil- I li.%e r1) '-i n p; l.' d ali.J pJ %d [ a\ i li,:' [ iiiin .i-
..!. I ....n i\ n,1 -1112 !ir, atJ1ni 1-,* *.ii ,11 l1- l,!-,J. l th.:!
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liili l.._- T. ,f i! 1 -l"' ,. Ii ., i : i ,I l ,! II l i*- J illia j l r.. l-n i,

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U St

C.aine;,ille i- famed for it- haiiulll -halid and nell pa.cd -;rtti.. and aill ktpr and :ir;r'ir .!,y Ct- inrd parl.

'Gainesville an Educational Center
.I.1 E .-Ir F..r.G i.-n!e liua I. l .-..- ....-.-I j.'r al
I- r 1 ,' I', l .. .. i 1. ri l i ... 1 a Ili .
I!r II..- _1' b [I r -! ah I .. ..iI; i, I,, .ili ,

I.. -. iil.= I.I ..n e ..I .,I i, .i .i-. .. 1 .I .-1,t. -I .l,

grounds, and athletic fields; the remainder is used by ythi
College of Agriculture and Experiment Station. The campus
was planned for all future .developments, and though young,
the wonderful possibilities of beauty from plans of sub-tropical
landscaping is shown. The liberality of the State has per-
mitted the erection and equipping of substantial and attractive
S modern buildings as they were needed. The physical plant
of the University is now valued at over five million dollars.
There are over 350 professors and attaches, the enrollment
for session 1929 and 1930 was 2,256 full-term students. To
this enrollment might be added over 1,480 normal students for
summer term and over two thousand in correspondence courses,
many of them doing regular college work. The University is
divided into several colleges, principally: Agricutual College,
College of Arts and Sciences, College of Commerce and
Journalism, College of Law, and others, so that the :i1.
may take any course offered by modern universities.
The advantages of Gainesville as the seat of the University
are numerous. It is centrally located and easy of access; it
has an exceptionally pure water supply and a good sewer
system; its streets are well lighted, shaded and paved. The
citizens are energetic, progressive and hospitable. The moral

I. !I't 'tti- nr!atCliUe place, of uor-hip.
Ii l 1ii li i i_* :r ,:Iii.pi. I II i: -,I ti,. Fl.-ridr i -iSrte
[noi.I.. laiU, ..n \\-I I.F. .:.i jt indl ..,,,,h ,l|-,| 1 I, rl.e latie.
i1, i. ,:,, [ I ll. ]i, l: [ I... Il l |I.,0 -I t.['III"- .ri lle ,...innil ry

S- ... :.l l n uru. l
~ ra ; ,- ,, l. ,n [h l ,i .i .i.J r | ,i,... m ,,I .1 r,:,[ [ k,. .,. li t Io ihe
I' l --I elll -- I, jhi 1 ir.,ai. i\ J[ [3r,._t Flr- -inI tl i lu ci. l are
I) 1i,.'lr. ll. III;Z-!, J- [h,., ]!i i ll I!._ ir.I if Ill >.' r i c Ur[.
ut luilda.
Public School System of Gainesville
The key to knowledge is the birthright of every child and
this key is the educational system which will, in due course
enable the child to open the door to knowledge; to learn of
the world's achievements; to enter into the happiness, free-
dom, expansion and culture which result from the develop-
ment of intellectual power and personality; to equip him for
coping with life's problems; to teach him the past, how to
live in the present and prepare for the future.
Gainesville has provided for its children the best educational
facilities. There are within the city limits two elementary
S schools for the white children, one elementary school for the
I colored. One junior high school and one senior high school.
r These represent a total investment of $550,000.00 with an
S annual operating expenditure of $93,500.00.
The total number of pupils thus participating in the edu-
cational program number 1,800 white and 800 colored with
95% of the total child population in attendance.
The aim of Gainesville High School may be considered
two-fold in nature. In the first place, since records show that

- )2tA COUNTY, 1 F.i -IDA

;.nlint- lip frpm the air.



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.-..-l^S.Mvi^-1 .-Ju~fCU^'W"'v1^

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Iiauliful. modern 1-om;- grace ihe palm shaded, eIrraced -treels, and amid year round ,ub-iropical foliage.

'-'. r u, '. -.I lI:o [!jdl,,Ji, go i g I I lrg i r ,r I i.1 [:l, 1\',
i n [o ,lial v ilii 1ida ..ril gri I ,. "r i.llraiic,. i i Ir-.. lmali.i
,.!,l ,. T -]li Mei?,hJ k:l.i.-, e i_ ilii;ng t6.- _udl-nl I,..r _n...r -
l il'ui h i i!i the i.:i ln. mur11i l[
A.\ ilieri.- rp, \ a ini i ip.:rna pearl n li- (ijin,:- ille Hi;!h
School life, where trained coaches supervise the activities in
football, baseball, basketball and track.
An excellent Parent-Teachers Association has helped in
numerous ways in the upbuilding of the school and in stimu-
lating a spirit of cooperation between the homes and the edu-
cational system. The daily serving of wholesome lunches to
the children is among the chief phases of this work.
Every child in Gainesville and its environs is assured of a
Complete elementary, secondary and advanced education and
should have, in the final ana ysis, a normal physical, moral,
social and intellectual development, which will make him bet-
ter appreciate his own worth, and his relationship to his
home, to his community and to his fellows whenever and
wherever he meets them.
The white schools of the city consist of the elementary
group, the first six grades, and the junior-senior high school,
the enrollment in the latter being approximately 700. Rapid
growth will soon demand the separation of the junior school
from the senior in separate buildings and under separate
The two elementary schools are housed in two buildings
on an eight-acre site landscaped and beautified with flowers
and shrubs and covered with a magnificent growth of oak and
pine. Here also are provided ample playgrounds for the bene-
fit of the 1,000 children attending.
The junior-senior high school is located near the center
of the city on a five-acre tract, being accommodated in a plant
recently completed at a cost of $250,000, containing 30 class-

r..m z. .-, I-ll--_-. Iuil\ lia!l. abIorator : :-. li iran h, nm. e .I ,C.:'iI:.m ics
.l.-riiin,.:',. audtmitorrium -eal ii 1.2l00. g\n ains-iii. -.i..,' er. and
I....k,.r rnni', all of lie mn:i.l apprre''J plin an.1 ce.n- irinicion.
1 ...i l -, I.-r meniti. L..i-k1 -i.all. ,.ll\ bill. L.-eth al!. I...tIal l. as
,i! :;i IIn :.ghthli i rl k. aIr -rJ i niple r.-e 'r a.i..nii l lac ili-
Teachers for the schools are selected on the basis of pro-
fessional preparation and successful experience and only the
most approved methods and ideas are in force. All the schools
of the city, white and colored, are accredited and rated as of
approved standard by the State Department of Education,
while the high school has been accredited by the Southern
Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools for the past
fourteen years.
The schools emphasize character building as the prime
essential of any education, and accuracy and thoroughness in
the fundamentals as having priority over the mere number of
subjects studied. Provision is made, however, for the enrich-
ment of the curriculum and the constant endeavor is to fit
the system to the individual needs of the various types and
groups. To this end music and industrial arts have an im-
portant place throughout the grades; health instruction and
physical education are given ample attention throughout the
entire course, from the first through the twelfth grade. Home
economics for the girls, agriculture for the boys comprise
the present scheme of vocational training. Departments of
commerce and shop are to be added immediately.
Gainesville has looked ahead in the matter of sites for
schools and has acquired two other locations, one of ten
acres for an elementary school, and one of twenty acres for
a senior high school. With the present increase in school
enrollment these additional plants will need to be erected at
a very early date.

- .
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ka~~AP,' ~LBI~IS~yr~q~~`?~bt~~T;~~t_=C~~~?;,=~~Ww`T'-ran-

All I1pes of architecture are represented in the beautiful homes of Gainesville. Every modern convenience is available.

Pecan grove, Irish potatoes, cotton, hogs, citrusJ fruila, chickens, sorghum, sugar cane, beef cattle.


Corn is a staple and satisfactory crop. Fair exhibit showing wide variety of Alachua County products. Bright tobacco, an increasingly
popular cash crop.

Agriculture Furnishes Foundation
For Growth
Agriculture and industries related to agriculture are the
foundation of all wealth, and that Alachua County has these
advantages is recognized by the men who have proven that
success can be obtained over a period of years, if proper
methods are pursued.
To those who have ambition and sufficient capital to sup-
ply their needs over a period of time, we extend an invita-
tion to come and investigate. If you seek location, where
health abounds, where living conditions are best, where cli-
mate is good, and where there is a variety of things to do,
then you will like Alachua County. If you seek an agricultural
county with other added features where diversified farming
pays, then come to Alachua County.
Alachua County employs a County Agricultural Agent,
whose duty it is to assist the farmers in improving their meth-
ods of production and in the marketing of the products. The
agent is an experienced man and has at all times information
regarding diseases of live stock and crops. He is versed on
soil conditions, fertilization and other requirements for suc-
cessful farming.
The office of the -Home Demonstration Agent is main-
tained by the county, and information pertaining to the work
of the housekeeper is free for the asking. UTilizig farm
products that might otherwise be wasted, knowledge oi home

life and what it takes to make it most desirable is taught by
the Demonstration Agent. A community service has been
arranged, classes in canning and organized clubs in the vari-
ous communities are instructed in canning vegetables, meats,
making preserves, jellies, etc. Nutrition, cooking, dressmaking,
artcraft and other domestic features are taught.

Within Alachua County is found practically every type of
soil common to the entire State of Florida and of the best
farm sections of the South. Norfolk loam andi Portsmouth
sandy loam predominate. These are found in the richest
hammock land, the lighter sandy soils. They represent the
most productive farming soils in the State. Norfolk sandy
loam, extending from Delaware to Florida, is the nation's veg-
etable garden.
The drainage of Norfolk loam is good and the water sup-
ply for the growing crops well regulated. The power of the
soil to retain a uniform water supply is remarkable, and the
crops seldom suffer for lack of moisture. The excellent drain-
age and warmth of soil, together with the ready response to
commercial fertilizers, make it ideal for an intensive system
of farming.

After success has been attained by a grower in producing
a crop, whether it be poultry, livestock, dairy products, ber-
ries, fruit, staple crops or quick grown vegetables, the ques-
tion then of markets is confronted. Alachua County is stra-
tegically located with reference to the principal markets of


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The University of Florida, under the leadership of Dr. John J. Tigert, president, is taking its place among the great Universities of the South. A beautiful campus containing many fine buildings, infantry and artillery training and a modern curriculum place the University among the best. A nationally rec-
ognized football team, athletics of all kinds, a new 50-yard swimming pool and the various student activities are closely observed by an interested Gainesville citizenship. The auditorium contains a fine, large memorial pipe organ and the broadcasting station WRUF, is bringing the University before the nation.

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Diversified farming. Early vegetables of all kinds, sheep raising, dairying, tobacco and farm crops do well in our soil and climate.

the State, and to the Northern markets as well. Here in
Alachua County splendid marketing agencies aie available.
The grower has the choice of shipping his product through
some of the independent agencies which have well established
and reputable business recrd-. or he can market through a
cooperative association. The cooperative associations are farm-
er owned and controlled and have a large membership. The
associations render expert service to each grower in instruct-
ing him in planting and preparing his product for the market.
The winter months of the North are the chief growing and
marketing months of the county. Throughout the year Alachua
County is shipping carloads of farm produce to the great
markets of eastern and central United States and Canada.
These shipments average abo e 7,000 cars annually. In addi-
tion to the great quantities of products shipped in car lots,
a large part of the farm products are shipped by express and
carried to markets by trucks.
Alachua County, with an average rainfall of 50 inches
very evenly distributed throughout the year, a mean tempera-
ture of 80 degrees in summer, 58 degrees in winter, and over
320 days in every year in which field crops grow, the wide
variety of fertile soils offers more to the farmer who wants to
live on his farm than any other section of the United States.
Diversification due to tle ideal combination of soil and cli-
mate is the chief characteristic of farming practices here.
The growth in number of farm dairies in Alachua County
has been remarkable, and, according to all indications, is
spreading. Dairy cows aie in great demand and with the
tremendous interest in pure-bred dairy cattle in this county

it is evident that Alachua County is destined to soon lead as
a dairy center. The future of dairying is certain, as is evi-
denced by the recent coming to Gainesville of two large con-
cers dealing in milk and milk products. With our equable
climate to reduce cost of barn construction, year-round pas-
turage and outdoor living, limestone soils, healthy cows, few
insect pests and an almost endless list of food and forage
crops, all combine to provide milk production at a low cost
and bigger profits to the dairyman. Carpet grass, Bahia,
Dallis grass, Bermuda grass and lespedeza all thrive and pro-
vide the best of permanent pastures. Velvet beans and soy
beans produce an immense amount of food for the dairy herd,
and at the same time add to the soil fertility.
Today there is hardly a community in the county that
does not have good hogs. They are about equally divided
between Poland Chinas and Duroc Jerseys, Chester Whites
and Berkshires. In choosing a breed here is the same as in
any other community-it is only a matter of personal choice.
Pork can be produced at less cost per pound than in many
of the northern states. This is due to the fact that the soil
is of such type that practically all crops grown for hog feed
may be gathered by the hogs themselves without danger of in-
juring the soil. This reduces the cost of feeding to a mini-
mum. Corn, peanuts, velvet beans and soy beans constitute
the chief grain feed for pork production, but there are also
a number of grasses and forage crops that may be grown to
supplement the grain crops for feeding the hogs up to fatten-
ing time. There are no frosts or freezes to injure corn, pea-
nuts, velvet beans, soy beans or potatoes before the hogs eat
them. A great many hogs are sold from the county to the local

- -. -


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A successful experiment on the food value of Crotalaria. The cattle shown were too poor to travel before placing on Crotalaria-dressed meat
shows results. Sheep pasturing in tung oil grove.

markets in the State, the bulk, however, going to the packing
houses in Jacksonville, Tampa and Moultrie, Georgia.

Possessed of four distinct advantages over other sections
of the country, Alachua County and Central Florida are fast
developing the poultry industry. These advantages are: soil,
climate conducive to high winter production, ideal range con-
ditions and satisfactory markets. The soil and climate com-
bine to provide green feed every month in the year. This,
with irexpensive hou=ing. acE"irp a minimum crnt of prodri-
liun. It i tIrue ihai the mild ii:I i- l -. r i.p- rai ,e :-terr\
da\ ill-e.:urage 3 Iin.\;tii ini T,.a pr....luci.'l. Tile II rure I.t II..-
p''ilrn i Jin u-r-, in .I lI.. i .:,nr\ i L, brr il'. .iiil a _p!.:n.Jlr.
,:.pp,:r. unil i. hli:r. f..r ilI...- i. ho) J.-ir. eillih r I... -[.c jliz.- i i
r'uJlirr alrne or i.. ,:nga3 e in p.u!ltr\ rai%-ii~ il .. !illl T[!,.
'nlI other farm i:perrli....

in 1921 iih gr..., zn ..I l.r;lI Ii. .l ..i ....l i .i .. ,a
-lart'l:. I\ -e ,er.I! larni:r_- in Al.]~ ,Ira Lc.uri\ j.d lr..in t!e
L', inning hlii pr.:r.I a t ,!i fr- ital.I!e i r.,' iir. i h,: ai r. l :t
li1 increu,- jd iap i i Linid thli.: 1':I,0 C ..p i- Al.... : Illt) .tot:
Ihu[ % i li i Ihi :. ,. r In -.. an.id ..-i all i ill!...i pr..un.l V.... ,
rt llire.-if..,urili- of a m ilh.ii dJ llar-. Th i t..al..-l a:t.-rj .
I l.ha,:,.> i- grOil in h, il ,-l.. j r hr !llu rl -.id ,.u lr ...- -
pa[in :.1 Ih- r.uInlv. tile ar .- et-ending Ir'.'. H] II pi!r-,.
.la.i iua. N .- erl'r and \i. -er. l.:.,..::, .iill f.i:- I-...nim .Ib-,r
cr,.ps in I.[i it is n....re \ >ltiig a_-. i\p. r ...1 m..I E ir..
en.:- hI s si .:,'n that ,i i .. .l ul ,\'ia':lua C:out.l pr.'IJuc.- a

very superior quality of tobacco which usually averages sev-
eral cents a pound above the same type of tobacco grown in
the old belts.
While Florida is always considered America's winter veg-
etable garden, Alachua County stands out as one of the lead-
ing counties of the State in vegetable production. To name
the trucking crops that are now grown here would be to
name the list of practically all the vegetable crops known in
the United States. Some of these crops that are grown exten-
sively and shipped in car lots and that have proven especially
profitall are cu..unml-:rs, string beans, lettuce, cabbage, toma-
I,.-c. EgIplani. prpperi, sweet corn, and peas. The early
-pling and. Ijre lall cops are especially profitable.

Theli Lari.. --- eti;:n of Alachua County is rated as one
.I ill. be i,-: p-iui-: growing areas in the South. The soil,
1-.irg !.).- a, nd. pli:al.l. produces enormous crops of smooth,
Cl.-jl p.. -a.-,,; ,:.! -,'. keeping quality which usually meet
idll-, a .,,i.1 n ai iket.

.\ ie.- -.i a Fih..rla juicy watermelon is never forgotten
I i' th.,- 1ill: liaie eaen it, and those who have not have
I.a!J\ nil--:d u tliti. Alachua County produces approximately
._.l):1.i cars it ie.ilns each year. The melon crop, coming off
alr alirr ithe .uil Florida melons, and before the Georgia
nil. m..n ar- on lh. market, and so taken over a period of
a-irm. it i- tlie ev\ piuon when Alachua grown melons do not

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Tung oil nuts, modern oil extracting plant, tung oil nursery, tung oil nuts in the pod and showing separate seeds, tung oil tree in bloom.

find the melon market at the top. The melon crop is usually
sold before the 20th of June, thus permitting as in the case
of most other crops, the growing of a second, or even a third
crop the same year.

Commercial bulb production in Alachua County dates back
more than twenty-five years, and has always proven a most
satisfactory crop when properly handled. This industry has
gradually developed until today it represents a splendid in-
dustry in the county: There are a great many varieties of
bulbs grown for commercial purposes, but Gladioli and Nar-
cissi are perhaps the most extensively grown, though there
are considerable acreages devoted to lilies, amaryllis, hya-
cinths and others.

Industry Has Come to Alachua County
Varied industries are located in Alachua County. Among
the more important are the Pine Products Corporation Chem-
ical Plant, Creosoting Plant, Vego Hair Manufacturing Com-
pany, Central Florida Excelsior Manufacturing Company/
brick clay products, fertilizer plant, ice plants, gas plant,
woodworking novelties, lumber mills, foundry, naval stores.
There are two daily newspapers and modern printing shops.
Recently established is the tung oil crushing plant for extract-
ing the oil from the tung nuts.
In addition to the favorable year-round climatic conditions,
where industrial plants can be equipped and operated at much
less expense than in northern states, Alachua County offers
other attractions to the prospective concern desiring loca-
tion. Alachua County is served by three railroads. Plenty of
high class labor is available at all times.

Those interested especially in manufacturing furniture or
other products of wood will find abundance of raw material
and power at low rates. Surveys have shown that splendid
opportunities exist for manufacturing paper from the woods.
The average man asks what can I grow in a Tung Oil grove
during the four or five years that it takes to bring a grove
into profitable bearing? The answer is a good cover crop that
will return organic matter and nitrogen to the soil. The best
one of these we have found is Crotalaria striata. In order to
decrease the labor cost as the trees grow older and are more
difficult to keep free of grass and weeds, we have introduced
sheep, milk cows, and beef cattle. The sheep do no harm to
the trees and will not eat the leaves nor will the cattle eat
the leaves. We find it necessary to dehorn the cattle.
The general impression is that Crotalaria striata is unfit
for cattle food. It analyzes equal to alfalfa in nitrogen con-
tent. We find the milk cows and the beef or range cattle
learned to eat the Crotalaria without any bad effect. They
also eat the grass from around the trees so that the nuts are
easily found when they drop on the ground. The milk is
very satisfactory, there being no objectionable feature devel-
The beef cattle in this case were scrubby young native
stock cut out from the stockyards and put into the grove.
They were held in the grove 455 days and the average gain
was 228 pounds per head. We have just killed two of these
beef and the photos on preceding page show the condition of
the beef, Crotalaria and grass beef.
This makes it possible for the grower of a Tung Oil grove
to save in labor, change an expense to a gain and have a
revenue come in from livestock during the period until the
Tung Oil trees produce profitably. The livestock may continue
to graze in the grove after the Tung Oil trees are producing


The University of Florida concrete stadium, seating capacity 21,800, Ijcated on the campus. One of the few stadiums provided for football
exclusively and modern in every respect.

a revenue. Make mutton, milk or beef in the grove while you
are bringing it into profitable production.
While tung oil trees begin bearing the second year, profit-
able crops will not be had before the fourth year. Good farm
practice would include a cover crop to furnish forage and
to return organic matter and nitrogen to the soil. Serving
this threefold purpose, Crotalaria has been found the best.
Cattle thrive and do not injure the trees while grazing crota-
laria in the groves, thus adding increased profit from tung
groves. Crotalaria is an annual legume of vigorous thrifty
growth and the greatest soil builder of the entire legume
Below is given a comparative data of Crotalaria and other


Average per
acre pounds top
Crop growth air
Alfalfa .......................... 5,040*
Red Clover Hay ............ 2,580*
Crotalaria Striata .......... 5,438*
Velvet Beans ................ 1,780**
Beggarweed .................. 735**
Cowpeas .........-......... 1,784**
Mexican Clover ........... 1,283**

S*Henry & Morrison-Feeds and Feeding.
**Five year average.
**Three year average.

Per cent pro-
tein in crop-
Dry basis

Airplane Landing Field
Gainesville, being located in the geographical center of
the State and in direct line with air travel, has already a fine
landing field and adequate marking to conform to standards.
A municipal port of the first class is in immediate prospect.
Meanwhile proper facilities are provided for the present.

Civic and Recreational Conditions
The recreational facilities of Gainesville are rather unusual
for a Southern city of i:s size. Tennis courts are conveniently
located, and the golf course is said to be one of the best in
the South, comparing favorably with other southern courses of
national reputation. Boating and swimming in the many
crystal clear spring lakes and springs is available every month
in the year, there being above 90 clear water lakes within an
hour's drive of the city. These lakes vary in size from thou-
sands of acres and of great depth, to the small, clear lakes
of only five acres. All abound in the choicest of game fish,
small and large mouth bass, pickerel, speckled perch and
bream. The famous fishing grounds of the Gulf are less than
sixty miles away. No difficulty here to have a "fish story"
worthy to relate. The devotee of hunting can indulge to com-
plete satisfaction. Quail, doves, squirrels and rabbits are
found with ease and the bag limit, though too high, is soon
reached. Within an hour's drive the world famous "Great Gulf
Hammock" is reached. Here abounds all big game native to
Florida; deer, bear and turkey are abundant. For the sports-
man there is no better fishing and hunting ground in the
State. The lakes afford excellent duck shooting and boats and
guides are available.
As in other university towns, many of the recreational
activities are centered around the various athletic games of

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Fraternity houses surrounding the campus of the University of Florida are varied and beautiful in design, and add greatly
to the social life of the students.

the University of Florida. Football, basketball, boxing, base-
ball, wrestling, tennis, golf and swimming hold the interest
of the students and residents alike nearly the year round.
A beautiful stadium, seating over 22,000, has been com-
pleted on the University of Florida campus, where in future all
home football games will be played. Florida has already built
up a national reputation with its fine football team. The cam-
pus contains football and baseball fields and grandstand, sev-
eral tennis courts and a fine new 50-yard swimming pool.

Organization and Club Activities
The wideawake woman of Gainesville, with the burden of
housework lifted from her shoulders by modern mechanical
appliances, has no need for finding her afternoons lonely nor
her evenings monotonous, for the city's supply of clubs and
organizations, with their wide range of interest and phases
of activities seem inexhaustible. Practically every conceivable
type of interest is represented in the numerable organizations.
These clubs are useful in promoting agreeable and useful
relations among members, and in bringing together those inter-
ested in the intellectual, cultural and practical advancement
of the community.
The men find instruction and good fellowship in the numer-
ous lodges, church organizations, the Rotary, Kiwanis and
Civitan clubs.
The Gainesville Chamber of Commerce and Gainesville
Boat Club sponsors annually an Armistice Day Outboard
Motor Races under the sanction and supervision of the Na-
tional and Florida Outboard Motor Association. The course
has been pronounced by record holders of motor boat events
as being equalled by few courses in the United S:ates.

Statistics and Facts of Gainesville
at a Glance
1925 1930
Population ....................................... 8,466 14,500
Area, square miles .........- ---.......... 5% 5
Assessed valuation ..........................$6,476,140 $8,183,243
Tax rate, mills .................................... 20 16
Miles pavement ....................-. 10 42
Miles sewer mains ......-....................... 16 31
Miles water mains ...... ............. 14 30
Occupational licenses ..... ... 551 1,124
Light connections ....-..--....-------. 1,850 2,323
Heat connections ............................. 190 872
Power connections ................--..... 140 261
Water connections ....................... 1,600 2,438
Buildings ..............-- .. ---.- -------- 4 4
Investment .............-------------$ 352,650 $ 550,000
Number of teachers ........................... 66 78
Number of students ................---- 2,032 2,600
Buildings value .................... --..-- ....$2.320,465
Investment, exclusive of land and buildings............... 2,525,620
Teachers and attaches ............................... 222 360
Students full term .................................... 1,759 2,256
Summer normal ....................... ...... ......... .. --1,480
Spring Summer Fall Winter
Average temperature ............ 67.5 80 71 59
Average rainfall .................. 12.5 20 7.5 8

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Hotel Thomas is a modern, luxurious tourist hotel. Truly one of Florida's finest appointed and best located hotels.

A Stairway in the Hotel Thomas

Tourist and Winter
Those interested in establishing a win-
ter home or spending the winter season in
Florida will need to seek long before find-
ing a better place than Gainesville. As a
winter home, recreational and meeting
place, Gainesville is ideal.
Hotel facilities in Gainesville are ade-
quate, comfortable and convenient. Hotel
Thomas is a modern, luxurious tourist
hotel, surrounded by beautiful semi-trop-
ical gardens of six acres. It is truly one of
4 Florida's finest appointed and most mod-
ern hotels, with the motto, "A maximum of
luxury at a minimum cost." It is under
the management of Philip Thomas, a man

of long experience in this field, and is
operated on the Eurdpean plan.
The White House, The Graham, The
Commercial, The Arlington, Smith and
o0her hostelries offer a choice range of
accommodations. The rates are most rea-
sonable and much 19wer than usually ob-
tain with hotels of similar accommodations
elsewhere. I
Tourists spending a season in Florida
ars seldom willing t4 remain in one local-
ity for the season; therefore, if they will
make headquarters :at Gainesville, which
is centrally located, nearly all interesting
points may be made over paved highways.
One may motor to almost all of the large
Florida cities and return the same day. A
drive to Jacksonville easily in two hours,

Reception Room, Hotel Thomas


Spanish Court, Hotel Thomas
to Tampa in three hours and a half, Day-
tona Beach in three hours and to Orlando
in three hours or to the Gulf at Cedar
Key in two hours.
Gainesville is well provided with instru-
ments of recreation. Watching Florida's
Fighting 'Gators in various athletic events,
golfing on a splendid course, numerous ten-
nis courts, swimming in the several clear
water springs or lakes, enjoying a ride over
the several bridle paths. Nearby is beautiful
Lake Newnan, where a lazy afternoon may
be spent in fishing, rowing or motoring. In
this lake, as well as in a large number of
other lakes close by, an abundance of fish
await the lure of bait. The lakes also sup-
ply the best of duck shooting in season.


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Commercial Hotel, Graham Hotel, Arlington Hotel, Arlin-ion Apartments, White House Hotel, McCormick Hotel
all offer modern comforlal.le accommodations.

Golf link~. Glen Spring- bathing pool. bird huntinr in the p.re nood. interior Florida Thealer, Famoue Su-annee Rixcr.
an afternoon's ,catch of bass.


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Boating on Newnan's Lake. The shore line of Newnan's Lake, showing new lake shore drive.

One Day Trips From Gainesville

AINESVILLE'S central location provides ready access to all points of interest in the State. One may motor
to all the famous resorts and regions with great st convenience. To points of interest and the best in recrea-
tion, a splendid system of paved highways place them within a day's drive of Gainesville.
St. Augustine, the quaint old city on the East Coast, with its many attractions and fine beaches is
only two hours' drive.
Cedar Key on the Gulf, where the best of salt water fishing and accommodations for boating parties may be
found, is only fifty-seven miles from Gainesville.

Suwannee River, famed in song and story, is only ar
door life will find a trip down the Suwannee River a ger
beautiful old river teems with the choicest of game fish, a
realized nowhere else.
Silver Springs'at Ocala and the Bok Tower at Lake W
which is really one of the world's most interesting places
the south.

hour's drive. Those who appreciate the beauties of out-
uine thrill to last always, as the land of memory. This
nd with the beauty of the river, gives a charm that can be

ales are easily reached from Gainesville. Silver Springs,
and annually draws thousands, is only forty-two miles to

From Waldo in' the northeastern part of the county, din may take a boat through the Santa Fe Canal into Lake
Alto, Little Santa Fe, into Big Santa Fe Lake. This is a splendid ten-mile water trip and these lakes provide splen-
did fishing.
Jacksonville, seventy-seven miles to the northeast, t e largest city of the State, is near enough to drive over
for a day of business or pleasure and return.
There are many loop drives around Gainesville, from an hour to a full day's drive. These drives are through
-lpknidid Florida scenes and add greatly to a visit to this section.

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GainesCvilte, the Ideal City ',
Tnr IErAT Crry is firui f ill 'a pace
in l'i11ch its eitjiz-ns m'a j n c. r, n
corItort and af-tr inid in -nlici it chil-
drn' Tu% ble read in a .hol-ol a'.
mi -plihere will e4-e;rrv asitaiae' o'f 'Ail."
reflu '-int anl h appi.nes. -
A!i 1 it is a p!ace un i cln u-in-l aid I .
indus'tir ai'- frte frou handicap-li' 'A 'hii
suppri g.rn, th in lihich tairn ar-- ,' i ',
,lorniet ar.- para.i tiou nit a rid i-n cll b I co
operalit'l anid har inn i ilr ofir i t nrMr .o
between it eitizens and its husine "' '
To lihe-e eidsil the Gaini.-il lW Chamfer. i i
,t Coninien r- has ddicair-, il-ell ,i Iu
whateverr inA-'Tk ina. lie necf sar1 10 i. 'e r
olf Lilr cit, a belier. Inm-', ptrOpetI ai I a' ''

It seek Ito flier. pro.ect and a,' alnc i
i'l, I W %3 p sidle Il p ( rlnlmii c'.jl. ter- i
caillile, nior.J. ,i-dii'mtii l s an i C11 31
inLnmicpal i1te'est Ill W iiiL 'b llie I i trn: -
G ainie-.'il i? l Ie ,", ', !h'i ..7 .-"
lnclustri,-. lh.,me <~ker. ...iari '.- and.
.ldrrangris atr alt a),s .t'coillu \i e hr. '- '
r m li- the iipp.rLiiiiilbj t li'l p .iiv an!i alil
ill c'. ty w03 posih!e.. .. '.
G.INEstli.Ll: .HA.MBELR v.1 OilAINCR. -
Gaiine ille, Floril -i r
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