South East Alachua County Historic Tour Guide
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Title: South East Alachua County Historic Tour Guide
Physical Description: Book
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA7742
System ID: UF00015192:00001

Full Text

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South East




Tour Gunide


Cross Creek


Island Grove




Alachua County
For if -ur rn ,-miI l n1 rr-ii rn i,-
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Alachua County Visitors
& Convention Bureau
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Rochelle was named for the
family of Martha Rochelle
Perry. She was the wife of
Madison Starke Perry, who .
attained the rank of colonel ,
in the Confederate army and
was governor of Florida from \
1857 to 1861. Settlers from
Georgia and South Carolina first
arrived in the area in the 1840s. The
town was known as Perry Junction until 1881
when it was named Gruelle after the man who did
the original survey/ for laying the tracks of the
Florida Southern Railroad. A post office was
established at Gruelle on March 22, 1881, and
renamed Rochelle on Au gust 11, 1884. In 1888
the to(wni was thriving, but the terrible freeze of
1894-95, which devastated local citrus crops, pre-
cipitated the decline of Rochelle.



Cross Creek


Island Grove



An historic marker with additional information about
Rochelle is located on the northwest corner at the inter-
section of State Road 20 and County Road 234.

Graphic design by David Dishman
Photography of historic sites by Ted Fearney and Nannette Griscti

Alachua County

Alachua County Visitors
& Convention Bureau

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Rochelle was named for the A
family of Martha Rochelle
Perry. She was the wife of -
Madison Starke Perry, who 4 4
attained the rank of colonel
in the Confederate army and
was governor of Florida from
1857 to 1861. Settlers from
Georgia and South Carolina first
arrived in the area in the 1840s. The
town was known as Perry Junction until 1881
when it was named Gruelle after the man who did
the original survey for laying the tracks of the
Florida Southern Railroad. A post office was
established at Gruelle on March 22, 1881, and
renamed Rochelle on August 11, 1884. In 1888
the town was thriving, but the terrible freeze of
1894-95, which devastated local citrus crops, pre-
cipitated the decline of Rochelle.

An historic marker with additional information about
Rochelle is located on the northwest corner at the inter-
section of State Road 20 and County Road 234.

Graphic design by David Dishman
Photography of historic sites by Ted Fearney and Nannette Griscti


r WH i lOa li --ll-l--B

1Cross Creek I

Cross Creek became part of American liter-
ary history when Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
won the Pulitzer Prize for her novel The
Yearling in 1939. Millions of readers were
introduced to rural life in the woods of North
Central Florida by this heart-wrenching tale
of a cracker boy and his pet deer. The motion
picture version of The Yearling and other
works by Rawlings, including a book titled
Cross Creek and the movie based on the book,
were primarily responsible for transforming
this tiny community of fish camps and farms
into a popular tourist attraction.

Rawlings described Cross Creek as
a bend in a country road, by land, and the
flowing of Lochloosa Lake into Orange Lake by water
We are four miles west of the small village of Island
Grove, nine miles east of a turpentine still, and on the
other sides we do not cuunrit distance at all, for the two
lakes and the broad marshes create an Infinite space
between us and the horizon."

1. Brice House 18507 S. 4
C.R. 325) The Brice House was A
built about 1895 bh C.
Axline and sold b\ him to W. '
R. Brice in 1910. In her book
Cross Creek. Marjorie Kinnan
Rawlings refers to the Brice
family. as her closest neighbors.

2. Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings House-
(S. C.R. 325. next to NI. K. Rawlinos
Park) Built between 1880 and 190(.
the Nlarjorie Kinnan Rawlings
House \\as purchased by
N larjorie and Charles Raling]s
in 1928 after they arrived in
Florida from New York Cit.
The house is listed on the
National Register of Historic
Places and is a State Histoic Site
open to the public for a modest
admission fee.

I 1


The town of Campville was officially
founded on September 12, 1881 when a post
office was established, but by that time a
store, school, church, and approximately
twenty houses were already located five
miles north of Hawthorne on the main line of
the Peninsular Railroad. The town was
named for the Camp brothers; R.J., J.S., and
B.F., who owned the sawmill which helped to
spur the developing community. The brothers
subdivided their extensive property holdings
and sold lots to purchasers willing to comply
with the deed restriction that liquor was
never to be sold on the premises. In 1928 the
population of the town was 300; and, in
addition to the Campville Brick Company, it
had a turpentine still, citrus and pecan nurs-
eries, and four general stores.

1. Orange reek Met ist Church -
(Northeast corner E. C.R. 1474 and
N.E.C.R. 219A)The Orange
Creek Methodist Church was
established in 1869. but this
building is the second erected to
house religious services of the
congregation. It was moved
from its original location a few
miles away to the present site,
when US 301 was widened .
in 1969.

2. Camp-Tillman House -
(Between 1414 and 1530 on
N.E. 191 Ter.) Distinguished
by double verandas on front -
and back, this house was
built about 1880 by
Benjamin Franklin Canmp.
one of three brothers for
whom Campville was named.
Electricity and plumbing were
added by the Tillmnans. \ho bought
the house in 1938.

Island Gro0ve

A post office was established in Island Grove on February 17, 1884. By 1888, ten thousand boxes of oranges
and ten thousand crates of vegetables were being shipped annually from the Island Grove station of the
Florida Railway and Navigation Company. In 1894 the town had three general stores, a moss factory,
cigar factory, and "several hundred inhabitants." Fishing was also an important industry. The name
Island Grove reflects the fact that the town was originally surrounded by water; Orange Lake on the south,
Cross Creek on the west, an unnamed body of water to the north, and cypress swamps on the east. In 1911
local citizens began drainage projects and raised funds for building the hard roads needed to connect the
town with surrounding communities.

1. Masonic Hall (Between
20016 and 20018 S.E. 219
Ave.) A Masonic Hall has 4,
existed in Island Grove
since before 1911. This
wooden structure replaced
an earlier one which
burned down.

2. Island Grove Warehouse -
(20114 S.E. 219 Ave.) This
structure or perhaps earlier -
versions have been an
important part of the land-
,cape in the small commu-
nity of Island Grove since
the first large shipments of
citrus and vegetables were
prepared in the 1880s.

3. Cason House (20207 S.E.
219 Ave.) This was the home
of Zelma Cason who made
headlines in 1943 when
she sued writer Marjorie
Kinnan Rawlings for libel.
Cason, who objected to
Rawlings' characterization
of her in the autobiographi-
cal Cross Creek, was awarded
only a token amount in damages.

4. Crosby House (21421 S.W. 203
Street) This house was built by
W. H. Dupree in 1885 and
was at that time in the cen-
ter of an 80 acre citrus
grove. The transitional
floor plan is based on the-M
early Cracker dog-trot
arrangement, which con-
sisted of two rooms with an
open walkway between; and,
the later I-house arrangement,
which had a similar layout but was
two stories high.

5. Methodist Church (Across
from 20519 S.E. 219 Ave.)
Rapidly falling into disrepair,
this small white church
building constructed in the
nineteenth century is suf-
fering a fate shared by too
many similar structures in
the area. No religious ser-
vices have been held in the
the building since 1972 and the
steeple, which was intact in a 1984
photo, is missing.

6. Antioch Cemetery (Turn right
from S.E. 225 Drive onto S.E.
189 Ave.) The long drive to
the cemetery begins with a
left turn from S.E. 219
Avenue onto S.E. 225
Drive. Interred not far
from each other are author
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings '
and Zelma Cason, the woman
who sued Rawlings for libel and .
invasion of privacy.


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Windsor was named by English cotton planters who set- 4. Watson House (5)09 S.E. C.R.
tied the town in 1846. New residents from both northern 234) One of the earliest owners
and southern states were attracted by the development Of this house vWas a circuit- )
of citrus culture in the area. By/ the end of the Recon- riding preacher named 4"
W\\atson. The vertical
struction era, Windsor was prospering, and in 1884 a emphasis. asvmetr."
post office was established. In the 1890s the town boast- wooden suLrface shingles. .... "
ed a doctor, three stores, a real estate office, a grist mill, ,mil decorative wooden
two sawmills, and factories producing boxes, cedar bas- trinm at the second-story
kets, and fertilizer. Severe freezes in 1884,1895, and 1899 o line and on gable and
kets, and fertilizer. Severe freezes in 1884, 1895, and 1899 dormer, are elements of a ver-
devastated the orange groves and as a result Windsor's nacular Victorian style.
population declined. The post office closed in 1936.

1. Providence Methodist
Church- (13705 E.C.R. ,
1474) In approximately
1884, this frame building ,.
replaced a log church .
constructed not far from
the same site when the
congregation was estab-
lished in 1855 by Reverend
Edward Lawrence King. In
the adjacent cemetery, the two
earliest graves, both dated 1855, .
hold the remains of Isaac Franklin Cheves
and two-year old Amanda Phifer.

2. Old General Store -(309 N "
S.E. C.R. 234) Now a pri-
vate residence, this build-
ing served for many years
as Windsor's general store
and post office. The false
front on the building was
once a popular architectural
d e v i c e ",

3. William Byles House (12633
S.E. 3rd Place) William Byles
built this house in 1888 and
his son, George, a teacher
and justice of the peace,
continued to make it his
home until the middle of J
the twentieth century. The
carefully restored house has
a steeply pitched roof and
painted saw-tooth trim.

5. Old Baptist Church- (S.E. C.R.
234 and S.E. 5th Place) Now
privately owned, this small .
structure served the Wesley
Chapel Methodist congre-
gation in the 1880s and at
a later date, the Baptists. 2-
The plain exterior is
relieved only by an -
entrance porch with tower
above and window shutters.

6. R. H. Kelly House (607 S.E. C.R.
234) Built in about 1884 by R.H.
Kelly, this house is listed on the
National Register of Historic ,
Places. Raised bands of ,
wood which form a deco- 7
irative design on the front
ind side wall surfaces: fish
cale. horizontal, and diag-
onal wall cladding; and
modified curved support 'iqqTIR
braces under the porch roof are '
all characteristic of Victorian Stick
,t\ le architecture.

7. Double-Pen House -(710 SE. .
C.R. 234) The floor plan of
this house, which was built F j .
in the 1850s or 1860s. is a
variation of one utilized by mB..__ l
early Cracker homestead-
ers in Florida. Two front
doors open into separate
rooms served by a central -
chimney. Large wooden pegs4
were used instead of nails, and
some of the gingerbread is original.

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H hHawthorne is named after James Madison Hazwthomrn, a veteran of the Second Seminole War, who received
H \w diT ior ie *Mto encourage development of the Peninsular Railroad line that was completed from Waldo to Ocala in 187S
aw h ] e earlier, was changed from Morrison's Mill to Jamestown. In 1880 it was changed to Hawthorn at James H,
~~__________ _____ ~Crossing, for the site at which the Florida Southern Railroad, which wzas completed from Palatka to Gaine
families of Calvin Waits and James Hawthorn. A diverse economy stimulated the development of Hawtho

a land grant on the northwest side of Lake Johnson and donated some of his property
1. In 1879 the name of the post office established in the area more than twenty years
zwthorn's request. Until the 1890s, the southern part of town was called Wait's
sville in 1881, crossed the Peninsular Railroad. A strong rivalry existed between the
mne. The addition of an "e" to the towtn's name did not become official until 1946.

1. Waits-Baker House (606 Sid Martin
Highway, U.S. 301) The original log house
on this site, which was occupied in the
nineteenth century by Hawthorne founder
Calv in Waits and his family, had a sepa-
rate kitchen and dining room to minimize
the possibility of fire. Members of the
Baker family have lived in it since 1909
when farmer and rural mail carrier R. B.
Baker moved into the house with his new bride.

2. Hawthorne State Bank (2 N. Johnson
St.) This building housed Hawthorne's first )
bank. which was organized in 1911 and
not long after advertised that it had assets
of $15.000. Francis J. Hammond. leading I
merchant and grandson of town founder
James MN. Hawthorn, donated the land. and
A. L. Webb. proprietor of a successful gen-
eral store in Hawthorne, served as first presi-
dent of the institution.

3. Moore House (207 W. Lake Ave.) This
house, which was built in 1911, still looks 4
much as it did not long after Glen D.
Moore purchased the house in 1913. A f.
sleeping porch, casement windows, and a tU
bathroom were added by Moore. whose
father. William Shepard Moore, had arrived
in Hawthorne from Tennessee in 1882.

4. Mahin House (301 W. Lake Ave.) The broad
porch on three sides of this turn-of-the-century
dwelling provided a perfect place for occu-
Spants to sit and catch the breezes. Lottie
Mahin, \widow of a businessman influen-
tial in the town during the second decade
of the twentieth century, lived in the house
in the 1920s and rented part of it as apart-

5. State Historical Marker (On the church
i grounds, corner N. Johnson St. and N.W. 3rd
Av e.) A brief history of the towx n of
SHawthorne is provided.


6. First Baptist Church (Corner N. Johnson
St. and N.W. 2nd Ave.) The First Baptist
Church in Hawthorne w\'as organized in
S 1853. This building was erected in 1900.
Gothic style windows punctuate the white
S horizontal clapboard siding that covers the
S exterior.

7. Webb House (108 N. Johnson St.) This
house was built about 1908 and originally had
a wide covered porch which wrapped
aroLlnd the east and south sides. Before
construction was completed. A. L. Webb,.
president of Hawthorne's first bank,.
bought the house from its original owner, .
S businessman Marion Hulme.

8. Moore's Hotel (N. Johnson St., across from
library) The center building of what is now
called the Hawthorne Apartments was pur-
chased by William Shepard Moore in 1882
and converted to a hotel for sportsmen
S who came to hunt and fish in the area.
S The east section of the north wing. which
was built in the 1870s and originally
housed a two-room school and the Masonic
Lodge, was moved by Moore to its present
site: and the south \w ing is an addition Moore
had built in 1900.

9. Hammond House- (103 N. Johnson Street)
This imposing house was built about 1880)
for Francis J. Hammond, a leading mer- -4
chant in Hawthorne for a period spanning g
more than twenty five years from the
I 880s to the first decade of the twentieth
S century. Both F. J. Hammond and Thomas
J. Hammond, who later purchased the
house from his brother, were grandsons of the
man for whom the town is named.

10. City Hall (N. Johnson St. and N.W. 1st
Ave.) This building was a Works Progress
Administration project in 1939 and was
S built to replace an earlier wood frame
structure that burned to the ground with
all the city records. Workers received
$1.00 an hour and worked ten-hour days to
complete the building during the depths,, of
this country's \s'orst economic depression.

v -- ,

11. Hammond Warehouse (24 N. Johnson
St. There were several warehouses for
,oods sold in Francis J. Hammond's large
store located on Main Street (now, M ,
Johnson St.). This structure was rebuilt
after a fire believed to be the result of anl
attemptedd burglary., destroyed Hanmmond's
retail establishment in December 1907.

12. Old Post Office and Berkstresser
House (9 N. Johnson St.) This structure
\\as built in the early 1880s and pur-
chased by William H. and Emma
Berkstresser in 1897. The Berkstresser
family lived upstairs, and operated the post '|J
office and a general store on the first floor. :,

13. Gay House (11 S. Johnson St.) Although
the facade of this house was changed cornm-
pletely in 1933, documents found in the
aIttic indicate that the original structure
\\as built in 1863. Jesse J. and Martha
Jane Colvin Gay purchased the house for
S350 in the first decade of the twentieth
century, and their daughter-in-law, Ella
Riles Gay, was still living in it when she died '
in 1983.

14. Hawthorn-Floyd House (S.W. corner of
S. Johnson St. and S.W. 2nd Ave.) In 1881.
Samuel Lemuel Hawthorn, fifth son of
James NI. Hawvthorn, and his first wife
Pauline were given the original house by
hier parents. Calvin and Cynthy Waits:
however. Hawthorn and his second wife,
Ella McFadden, were responsible for addi-
tions to the house which appear in this photo '
from 1911. Hawthorne physician George Floyd
purchased the house in 1919.

15. D. H. Matthews House (108 S.W.
2nd St.) This house was built in 1923 for
David H. Matthews, who was involved in ..
the turpentine business, and his wife,
Flora. Coquina, the shellstone used wide- |
ly as a building material by Spanish settlers
in the 18th century, was brought from St.
Augustine to use for making the
masonry walls.

16. Johnson House- (12 N.W. 2nd St.) The
dormers were added in 1944 and the house
\ as further altered in 1950. but it is
believed that this house was built about
19 1 () for Edgar Lee Johnson, whose
maternal grandfather was James Madison
Ha\\ thorn. Among other things, Johnson
\\ as a cotton grower and naval stores opera-
tor. and a prominent citizen who served as a '
member of the Hawthorne City Council and the
AlachLua County Commission.

17. Methodist Church- (Corner N W .2nd
St. and N.W. 1st Ave.) The Methodist "o
ChIIurch in Hawthorne was organized on ,
December 5, 1890, with thirty-four mem-
bers, and the cornerstone of this church
building was laid in 1891. To the north of
the church is the parsonage built in 1914.

18. Barnett-Holden House (101 N.W. 1st
St.) This house w\as built around 1910 to
s,,ere as the residence of a dry goods store
o\\ ner named Barnett. It w'as later occu-
pied by T.C. Holden and his wife. Holden
operated a successful turpentine business in II
the area in the early 1920s.

19. Hawthorne Women's Club (13 N.W.
,I st St.) This building was constructed in
1912 by Lulu Peacock and w\\'as used for
many years as an office by George Floyd,
NM.D., who served as Hawthorne's family
doctor from 1909 to 1951. In 1950 it w\as -
occupied by the Haw thorne Women's Club
(established 1909) and has been remodeled
t\\ ice since then.

20. Presbyterian Church -(9 N.W. 1st
St.) Now a private residence, this structure
was originally' built around 1911 to house
the religious services of the Presbyterian
Church. Mr. O'Hara converted it when he
bought it in 1936.

_~______ ___~ ~ ______~rurar*r~UIIPIrr~i-lr~~**L'~i

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1. Providence Methodist Church
2. Old General Store
3. William Byles House
4. Watson House

1. Brice House

5. Old Baptist Church
6. R. H. Kelly House
7. Double-Pen House

2. Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings House



1. Orange Creek Methodist Church

2. Camp-Tillman House


1. Waits-Baker House
2. Hawthorne State Bank
3. Moore House
4. Mahin House
5. State Historical Marker
6. First Baptist Church
7. Webb House
8. Moore's Hotel
9. Hammond House
10. City Hall

11. Hammond Warehouse
12. Old P. 0. and Berkstresser House
13. Gay House
14. Hawthorn-Floyd House
15. D. H. Matthews House
16. Johnson House
17. Methodist Church
18. Barnett-Holden House
19. Hawthorne Women's Club
20. Presbyterian Church


1. Masonic Hall
2. Island Grove Warehouse
3. Cason House

4. Crosby House
5. Methodist Church
6. Antioch Cemetry



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