Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Editorial board
 A descriptive catalogue of the...
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Works cited
 Printed materials
 Family documents and letters
 Authors and titles
 Back Cover

Group Title: Parker Dexter Howe Library
Title: The Parkman Dexter Howe Library
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00014955/00005
 Material Information
Title: The Parkman Dexter Howe Library
Physical Description: 10 v. : ill., facsims., port. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Howe, Parkman Dexter, d. 1980
Ives, Sidney
Rheault, Charles A
Goodspeed, George T
Stoddard, Roger E
Borst, Raymond R
Myerson, Joel
O'Neal, David L
O'Neal, Mary T
MacDonnell, Kevin B
Baum, Rosalie Murphy
Pickard, John B
Tanselle, G. Thomas ( George Thomas ), 1934-
Crane, Joan St. C
Lancaster, John, 1943-
Hurff, Carmen Russell
Tilton, Eleanor Marguerite, 1913-
Winship, Michael
University of Florida
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1983-
Subject: American literature -- Bibliography -- Catalogs -- New England   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
catalog   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: Sidney Ives, general editor.
General Note: Limited edition of 500 copies.
General Note: Includes index.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00014955
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000440858
oclc - 09973186
notis - ACK1418
lccn - 84008702

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
    Editorial board
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    A descriptive catalogue of the John Greenleaf Whittier collection
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
    List of Illustrations
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Works cited
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Printed materials
        Page 15
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        Poems and essays
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        Letters, fragments, envelopes
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        Documents, annotations, lists
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    Family documents and letters
        Page 189
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        Letters to and about Whittier
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        Manuscripts, documents, newspapers
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        Whittier family books
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        Biographies, critical works, articles
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        Photographs and pictures
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    Authors and titles
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    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text





Parkman Dexter Howe


K 2m ^t-Z RM(TA Rim
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Henry Adams, Amos Bronson Alcott, and Louisa May Alcott,
by John Alden; Robert Frost, by John Lancaster;
Nathaniel Hawthorne, by C. E. Frazer Clark; Oliver Wen-
dell Holmes, by Eleanor M. Tilton; James Russell Lowell,
by Kevin MacDonnell; Herman Melville, by G. Thomas
Tanselle; Edna St. Vincent Millay, by Ruth Mortimer;
Harriet Beecher Stowe, by Michael Winship.


Part I: Early New England, by Roger E. Stoddard; Part
II: Henry David Thoreau, by Raymond R. Borst, Ralph
Waldo Emerson, by Joel Myerson; Part III: Henry
Wadsworth Longfellow, by David and Mary O'Neal,
Richard Henry Dana, Jr., by Kevin MacDonnell, Sarah
Orneewett, by Rosalie Murphy Baum; Part IV: William
Cullen Bryant, by Motley E Deakin, Emily Dickinson, by
Joel Myerson, Edwin Arlington Robinson, by A. Carl Bre-

Catalogues may be ordered by subscription or
individually from The.Howe Library, 531 Library West,
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611


Parkman Dexter Howe



The John Greenleaf Whittier Collection
John Benedict Pickard


AAi* w:J f



Raymond Gay-Crosier, Chairman; Professor of French
Alistair M. Duckworth, Professor of English
Sidney Ives, University Librarian for Rare Books & Manuscripts
John D. Seelye, Graduate Research Professor of English


John Alden, Emeritus Keeper of Rare Books
Boston Public Library


John Lancaster, Special Collections, Archives, Amherst College
Ruth Mortimer, Rare Books, Smith College
Roger E. Stoddard, The Houghton Library, Harvard University
Michael Winship, Editor, Bibliography of American Literature

(Revised for vol. 5)
The Parkman Dexter Howe Library.
Maps on lining paper.
Includes indexes.
Contents: pt. i. the collector and the collections / Charles A. Rheault, George T. Goodspeed,
Parkman Dexter Howe. A descriptive catalogue of the early New England books / Roger E.
Stoddard-pt. 2. The Henry David Thoreau collection / Raymond R. Borst. The Ralph Waldo
Emerson collection /Joel Myerson-pt. 5. TheJohn GreenleafWhittier collection /John Benedict
I. American literature-New England-Bibliography-Catalogs. 2. University of Florida.
Dept. of Rare Books and Manuscripts-Catalogs. 3. Howe, Parkman Dexter, d. 1980-Library-
Catalogs. I. Howe, Parkman Dexter, d. 1980. II. Ives, Sidney, III. University of Florida.
Z125I.EIP37 1983 [PS243] oI6.81'o8'o974 84-8702

1987 The University of Florida All rights reserved


ASECTION of the Howe Library falls under the rubric of "Mul-
tiple Authors," and there appear anthologies, gift books, occasional
publications (I mean celebrations or laments for occasions, such as the
visit of a Russian grand duke or the death of a poet), and the like. In
these catalogues such books reappear in different author collections,
former owners revolving before an editor's eyes until they become old
friends, and he salutes Launt Thompson- "Lancilotto" and his Flossy
(wCB 138, HWL 195, RHD 26, JGW 274) as they whirl by in a paper waltz.
The many volumes of Longfellow's Poems of Places, with their inscriptions
for John Owen, move to a different tune.
But if some of the anthologies are familiar, theJohn Greenleaf Whittier
collection is almost overwhelmingly diverse: the ana include so many
non-verbal pieces of evidence, the manuscripts and fragments of manu-
scripts are a body of so much new information, that researchers into
Whittier's private life and public career will find challenging riches. His
publishing history is documented in letters reflecting his own modest
estimate of his gifts and his efforts to make his poetry serve his ideals
(see JGW 17 for an example of this). For Whittier was a strongly faithful
Quaker as well as a crusader for social justice, and he had need to
reconcile those roles in poems like "Brown of Ossawatomie," so that
". they who blamed the bloody hand forgave the loving heart," but
also, "Perish with him [Brown] the folly that seeks through evil good!"
And some of our readers may be struck by Walt Whitman's tribute to
the "Old Poet" printed in the Newburyport Daily Herald of 17 December
1887 (JGW 488).
This collection, again, is rich in association copies, suggesting that our
policy of printing in detail all manuscript inscriptions in books will, at
the end of this series, help uncover the identities of some of the persons
to whom these and other Howe books are inscribed.
Whittier's place among American poets is shown by his great popular-
ity in his day and by a town and a college named after him-surely the


only American poet with that accolade. And if the University of Florida
possesses Parkman Howe's Whittiers, Whittier College in California pos-
sesses the collection made by the Rev. Frederick M. Meek of Trinity
Church in Boston, so Whittier's books are hoarded from sea to sea.
Mr. Howe relied on Thomas Franklin Currier's Bibliography of John
Greenleaf Whittier in searching out significant printings for his library, and
this catalogue marches to Currier's order, for the final volume of the
Bibliography of American Literature was not available before going to press;
its supervisory committee, however, has allowed us to add BAL numbers,
only, from the Whittier typescript, as a convenience to future users of
this work. Those numbers appear at the end of the notes to printed pieces
that will be recorded in BAL VIII, but our notes do not incorporate
information from the unpublished volume and our copies have not been
compared with BAL collations.
The Howe Whittier collection has been augmented by extraordinary
gifts. Prof. John Benedict Pickard, of the University of Florida English
faculty, has added his own family archives to the collections. As Whittier's
great grandnephew, and Samuel T. Pickard's grandson, he was in posses-
sion of many books, manuscripts, documents, and memorabilia by and
about Whittier, all of which he has presented to the university and
described in this publication with unique authority. Two members of
our support group, the Howe Society, have added to the manuscripts:
Carl Pforzheimer, Jr., gave us JGW MS 7, 8, and 75 ("On the Bighorn,"
"Overruled," and the A.L.s. to Mrs. Tooley) and Walter Beinecke, Jr.,
presented Henry Morford's holograph "To John Greenleaf Whittier"
(JGW ANA 85). With members' dues we were able to buy an unpublished
Whittier holograph, "I write at thy bidding" (JGw MS ia), to honor
Professor Pickard. A very generous gift from Thomas Chastain supported
the purchase of the Howe Library and he is honorary curator of the
Whittier collection.
I must thank my assistant, Carmen Russell Hurff, for the speed, accu-
racy, and intelligence with which she has marshalled the flow of copy
through her bright machines. Her talents, and those of Freeman Keith
at the Stinehour Press, ably support the mechanicals of Professor Pick-
ard's work.

General Editor



ui. ii

Whittier in 1856 (JGW ANAI 74).

)_ I
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A Descriptive Catalogue of
the John Greenleaf Whittier Collection

John Benedict Pickard



Dedicated to my father, Greenleaf Whittier Pickard,
whose life and personal qualities well justified
the hopes expressed by Whittier when he celebrated
the family naming of his grand-nephew
in the poem "A Name":

No child have I to bear it on;
Be thou its keeper; let it take
From gifts well used and duty done
New beauty for thy sake.
The fair ideals that outran
My halting footsteps seek and find-
The flawless symmetry of man,
The poise of heart and mind.


Foreword 7

I. Printed Materials (JGW 1-570) 15

II. Manuscripts
1. Poems and Essays (JGW MS I-io) 160
2. Letters, Fragments, Envelopes (JGw MS I 1-87) 164
3. Documents, Notations, Lists (JGw MS 88- 114) 182

III. Ana
I. Family Documents and Letters (JGW ANA 1-28) 189
2. Letters to and about JGW (JGW ANA 29-58) 194
3. Manuscripts, Documents, Newspapers
(JGW ANA 59-108) 200
4. Family Books (JGw ANA 109-134) 210
5. Biographies, Criticism, Articles (JGw ANA 135-173) 214
6. Photographs and Prints (JGw ANA 174-194) 221

Provenances 226
Authors and Titles 230


FRONTISPIECE: Photograph of Whittier in 1856 (JGW ANA 174) 2

PLATE I: Declaration of the National Anti-Slavery Convention 27-28
(JGW 27)

PLATE ii: Little Eva Song (JGW 150) 59

PLATE III: The Kanzas Emigrants (JGW 156) 62

PLATE IV: Among Whittier's Friends (JGw ANA 176, 177, 188, 189) 69

PLATE V: Lucy Larcom (JGW ANA 184) 71

PLATE VI: Order of Exercises (JGW 227) 81

PLATE vii: The Witch of Wenham (JGW MS 6) 162

PLATE VIII: Letter to "Dear Lizzie" (JGW MS 45) 172-173


THE Whittier section of the Parkman Dexter Howe Library stands
preeminent among its many author holdings. The most varied and
extensive of the entire Library, it contains over 6oo items, ranging from
the only known presentation copy of a first issue of Snow-Bound to an
autograph manuscript of Whittier's last known poem. Its contents also
underscore the deep personal association that Mr. Howe and his
forebears had with Whittier and his writings. Mr. Howe's great-grand-
father, grandfather, and father were all Haverhill residents and knew the
poet as a fellow townsman.
An 1833 political circular shows David Howe, Mr. Howe's great-
grandfather, actively supporting aJackson candidate against a Whittier-
backed Whig aspirant; a catalogue of the Haverhill Academy for July,
1828, lists Whittier and Nathaniel Saltonstall Howe, Mr. Howe's grand-
father, as classmates that year. An 1883 letter from Whittier to Nathaniel
Howe reminisces about their school days, and Howe helped organize the
1885 reunion of Whittier with his remaining Haverhill Academy school-
mates. An 1875 edition of Mabel Martin bears the inscription of Nathaniel
Howe's wife, Sarah, with her notation, "Christmas, 1875."
Henry Saltonstall Howe, Nathaniel and Sarah's son, was given an
edition of Snow-Bound when he graduated from Harvard in 1869, and he
often told his son anecdotes about New England authors, especially those
he felt closest to, like Whittier. With such a family tradition, it is small
wonder that collecting Whittier was one of Mr. Howe's major en-
Among the many choice Whittier items in the collections are sixteen
pieces from the library of Mr. Howe's fellow bibliophile Carroll Atwood
Wilson. Some were bought at auction, but in his 1947 will Mr. Wilson
paid tribute to Mr. Howe's love of Whittier: "To my friend Parkman D.


Howe ... with whom for so many years I have enjoyed friendly compe-
tition in the collection of American literature, such five items ... as he
may select from my Whittier collection." One of the items Mr. Howe
selected was a first edition of Prentice's Life of Henry Clay, which helped
solve a perplexing authorship problem. Biographers had long known
that Whittier assisted Prentice in writing this campaign biography, but
Whittier was given no credit in Prentice's book. The copy Mr. Howe
acquired, inscribed by Whittier to his uncle, contains diagonal strokes,
small crosses and other markings in the margin, in ink identical with
that in the inscription. These clues, along with others in Whittier's letters,
indicate that Whittier must have written the sections so marked.
In selecting items for his collection Mr. Howe sought, especially, first
editions which were inscribed by Whittier or had special author associ-
ations. Mr. Howe's copy of the Justice and Expediency pamphlet not only
has Whittier's inscription to a cousin but a number of his textual correc-
tions as well. The first edition of Mogg Megone, inscribed to George Kent,
a New Hampshire abolitionist friend, reflects Kent's shelter when Whit-
tier was attacked by a pro-slavery mob in Concord. Other rare Whittier
pieces include the one known copy of a circular dealing with a mill strike
in Amesbury; an autograph presentation copy of "Our Countrymen in
Chains" (which also contains two additional verses in Whittier's hand);
one of two known copies of the leaflet, "To the Memory of Daniel
Wheeler"; and one of four known copies of an early Whittier poem, "The
Song of the Vermonters."
For many of his first editions Mr. Howe secured associated manuscripts
or letters that comment on the book or the recipient of the inscribed
copy. A copy of Moll Pitcher, a melodramatic poem Whittier later dis-
owned, is inscribed to Harriet Minot of Haverhill, a close Whittier family
friend. With this volume is a May, 1832, round-robin letter from Harriet
Minot, Sarah Parker, and Whittier to a Miss Eliza Page. As Harriet
wrote about her enthusiastic response to the poem "Moll Pitcher," Whit-
tier, who was visiting her, seized her pen and wrote a jesting denial of
his authorship because, "there is too much of love and sentiment in it
for me."
Similarly, the first edition of The Supernaturalism of New England, Whit-


tier's examination of local legends and superstitions, contains two letters
to Annie Fields in which Whittier discusses spiritualism. An autograph
presentation copy of In War Time, and Other Poems is accompanied by two
Whittier letters to James T. Fields about changes for the poem "The
Proclamation," printed in this volume, and by the complete manuscript
for "At Port Royal. 1861," one of Whittier's most popular Civil War
poems. With Maud Muller is a Whittier letter in which he says, "I don't
think Maud Muller worth serious analysis," but Whittier goes on to
correct a misprint which changed the meaning of the poem.
The collection also illustrates the patient skill that guided Mr. Howe's
bibliographic concerns and the tenacity he brought to bear in securing
extremely rare copies of Whittier material. One of Whittier's poems,
"The Sycamores," a ballad about an Irish immigrant, Hugh Tallant,
who planted sycamore trees throughout Haverhill in the 1790's, was
privately printed by a Tallant relative as a memento for her family. Only
a dozen or so copies were printed and only three survived. For many
years Mr. Howe searched for a copy, even travelling to Nantucket where
the Tallants once lived. There he heard of a descendant, a Hugh Tallant
who was an architect in New York, but a visit to that city disclosed that
he had recently moved. Mr. Howe tracked Tallant to Atlanta, only to
discover that he knew nothing about such a book. Tallant did, however,
contact other members of his family with the result that a copy was found
by a sister living in Seattle, Washington. This was the copy that Mr.
Howe ultimately purchased.
These few examples will, I hope, illustrate not only the value of the
collection to bibliographers, but its biographical and personal dimen-
sions as well. Certainly, the collection attests to the devotion and discern-
ing intelligence that Parkman Dexter Howe brought to his avocation.
Now supplemented by more than 300 items in the Whittier-Pickard
archive, the collection ranks among the finest in the world, rivalling those
at Harvard, the Haverhill Public Library, the Huntington Library, and
Swarthmore College.
The Pickard gift of Whittier documents, family letters, books, and
memorabilia was assembled by Samuel Thomas Pickard, who married
Whittier's niece, Elizabeth Hussey Whittier. In time he became the


literary executor of the Whittier estate, the official biographer, and the
curator for the Whittier home in Amesbury. He bequeathed his collection
to his son, Greenleaf Whittier Pickard, my father, and in turn it passed
to me.
The strengths of this collection lie in its run of autograph letters,
extensive family documents, manuscripts and photographs, which sup-
ply detailed information about Whittier's life. Some forty Whittier letters
and notes were written to "Dear Lizzie," Whittier's niece who functioned
as the head of his household from 1864 until her marriage in 1876. A
number of these letters discuss her marriage preparations, her pregnancy,
birth of her son, and other family matters that reveal an intimate, per-
sonal side of the poet that descriptions of the fiery abolitionist or Quaker
pacifist often overlook: Whittier's comment that becoming an uncle
makes him feel "grandfatherish" shows that side. In one humorous letter,
a month after the birth of Lizzie's boy, Whittier writes: "We were all
curious to know what thee called the baby. We didn't know but the poor
boy would go as long without a name as Mrs. Ela's girl at Haverhill did,
who at the age of six years had no other title at home or abroad than
'She' and 'She Ela.' I think John will do very well-John W. Pickard
sounds well." Against Whittier's objections, however, the boy was named
Greenleaf Whittier Pickard.
In addition to the letters, some forty promissory notes, estate listings,
family documents and bills illuminate daily life in the Whittier family.
Their struggles are reflected in Elizabeth Whittier's notes on monies she
received for binding shoes during the 1830's and an 1849 note indicating
that Whittier did not have fifty cents to pay for a carriage ride. Whittier
was never to earn an adequate income until the success of Snow-Bound
in 1866; after that his financial listings reflect a different concern. Nine
sheets are filled with his attempts in the 189o's to estimate the worth of
his estate. Another group of documents contains the extremely rare sig-
natures of John and Abigail Whittier, the poet's father and mother, and
details the financial life of the farm during the early i8oo's.
Included in the collection are a score of letters written to Whittier or
about his life, some as early as 1830. One from Oliver Carlton, his former
headmaster at the Haverhill Academy in 1828, describes Whittier as a


young student; another, from an Amesbury neighbor of the Whittiers,
relates an 1846 incident in which Whittier was wounded by an accidental
gunshot. The collection contains a group of rare advance printings of
Whittier poems, books from Whittier's library with personal inscriptions,
and a set of nine rebound Whittier volumes with author corrections.
Finally, there are some twenty-five photographs and pictures of Whittier
and his friends, most with some comment or inscription by Whittier.
So, these Whittier-Pickard materials, with some sixteen items from
the University of Florida's rare book collection, combined with the
Parkman Dexter Howe Library, offer a total of 896 descriptions in the
following catalogue. Because of the diversity and extent of the combined
collection, the catalogue has been divided into three sections. Section I,
under "JGW," consists of 588 first printings of Whittier's prose and poetry
in magazines, books, collections, and separate pieces; sheet music; and
reprints in various forms. Section II, under "JGW MS," contains I14
Whittier manuscripts, in three categories: Part i, autograph poems and
prose; Part 2, autograph letters; and Part 3, autograph documents and
notations. Section III, under "JGW ANA," includes 194 pieces, in six
categories: Part i, Whittier family documents and letters; Part 2, letters
to Whittier or relating to him; Part 3, documents, manuscripts, and
newspapers; Part 4, family books; Part 5, secondary materials in biog-
raphies and articles; and Part 6, photographs and pictures.
Citations are to the full bibliographic descriptions in Thomas Franklin
Currier's A Bibliography ofJohn Greenleaf Whittier, still the definitive account
of Whittier's publication. Variations in the Howe or Whittier-Pickard
copies are noted. Materials in published sections of the Bibliography of
American Literature are cited. Names in inscriptions and provenances are
identified if possible, as are recipients of letters and persons named in
other documents. The descriptive notes attempt to supply the biblio-
graphical, literary, and biographical significance of the various items.
Nineteen items discovered or purchased after the manuscript was num-
bered have been inserted in their chronological position with "a" added
to the preceding number.
It remains only to express my gratitude to Sidney Ives, University
Librarian for Rare Books and Manuscripts, and to his assistant, Carmen


Russell Hurff, for their sustained interest and gracious assistance. A
special note of acknowledgement is due Professor Motley Deakin, who
has described the William Cullen Bryant collection. His patient research
uncovered a number of Whittier items unknown to me, and he has
supported and encouraged my work throughout the past two years. Fi-
nally, I am appreciative of Mr. Thomas Chastain's generous gift, which
made possible the acquisition of the Whittier section of the Parkman
Dexter Howe Library.



Jacob Blanck. Bibliography ofAmerican Literature. New Haven:
Yale University Press, 1955- 7 vols.

Thomas Franklin Currier. A Bibliography ofJohn Greenleaf Whittier.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1937.

John B. Pickard, ed. The Letters of ohn Greenleaf Whittier.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975. 3 vols.

Life and Letters
Samuel Thomas Pickard. Life and Letters of ohn Greenleaf Whittier.
Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1907.

Parkman Dexter Howe. "John Greenleaf Whittier 1807-1892."
Unpublished typescript.

Roland H. Woodwell.John Greenleaf Whittier: A Biography. Haverhill, Mass.:
Trustees of theJohn Greenleaf Whittier Homestead, 1985.



(JGW 1-570)

JGW 1 Haverhill Gazette and Essex Patriot.January 13, 1827.
Haverhill, 1827.
Currier pp. 299, 31 487. First prints "Ocean" and "Micah, IV.3," both signed
"W., Haverhill ist Mo 1827." The Gazette editor, Abijah W. Thayer, had be-
friended Whittier and encouraged his attendance at Haverhill Academy; he
introduced the poems with this appreciative comment: "The Author of the
following effusions, to whom we have before been indebted for contributions to
the poetical department of our paper, we understand, is a young man only
seventeen years of age, an Apprentice to the shoemaking business; and possess-
ing no other advantages of education, than are afforded in the common town
schools.-If nature, or 'the sacred nine,' inspire him to write such poetry, under
his present disadvantages, we surely have reason to expect much from him
should his genius be assisted by a classical education." Whittier was then
nineteen, not seventeen, and was earning money to attend the Academy. On
page 4 the paper advertised for subscriptions to the Poems of Robert Dinsmoor,
which contained, in 1828, Whittier's first publication in a book (JGW 3).

JGW 2 Boston Spectator andLadies'Album. April 21, 1827. Boston, I827.
Currier pp. 31 1, 488. Reprints "Numbers, XVI.48," p. 128. This is the first
appearance of a Whittier poem in the Boston press, introduced with the com-
ments: "The following lines from the Haverhill Gazette were written by a youth
of seventeen. He is a Quaker, an apprentice to a shoemaker, and has only a
common townschool education. Several of his effusions have received in different
papers the praise they merit."


JGW 3 Robert Dinsmoor. Incidental Poems, Accompanied with Letters. .
and Sketch of the Author's Life. Haverhill, 1828.
Currier pp. 10-12, but with comma after "Poems." First prints a Whittier poem
within a published book, "J.G. Whittier to the Rustic Bard," pp. 248-250.
When the book was printed that February, Whittier was teaching school in
West Amesbury to finance a second term at Haverhill Academy. An anonymous
review of the book in the Boston Statesman, February 27, 1828, is probably by
Whittier (see Currier p. I ). BAL 21662.

JGW 4 The Ladies' Magazine. February, 1829. Boston, 1829.
Currier p. 346. All issues for 1829 bound without wrappers in contemporary
three-quarter calf. First prints "The Spirit of the North," pp. 49-50, a romantic
tribute to the awesome power of the cold and ice Lord of the North. Signature,
"Sarah W. Tompkins," on the title page.

JGW 5 The Yankee; andBoston Literary Gazette. October, 1829.
Boston, 1829.
Currier p. 276. First prints "Judith at the Tent of Holofernes," pp. 179-180, a
melodramatic rendering of the Biblical story. Whittier published three poems
in this periodical during 1829, and in October wrote to John Neal, its editor:
"I have just written something for your consideration If you don't like it,
say so privately; and I will quit poetry and everything else of a literary nature, for
I am sick at heart of the business..... Ambition has goaded me onwards. Insult
has maddened me" (Letters, I, 31).

JGW 6 The Columbian Star, and Christian Index. October, December,
1829. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1829-1830.
Currier pp. 279, 380, 491. All issues from 1829-1830, bound without wrappers
in contemporary leather. First prints "Knowest Thou the Ordinances of
Heaven?" I, 264, and "The Watcher," I, 363. This last publication is not listed
by Currier. Reprints "Take Back the Bowl," I, 27; "Passages," I, 154; and "The
Crucifixion," II, 251-252. The following note introduces "Knowest Thou
the Ordinances of Heaven?": "The 'Passages' which we record in the present
number of the Star and Index, are from the pen of a young gentleman of
Haverhill, Mass. who, we venture to predict, will yet become a distinguished
favorite with an admiring public. The Stanzas which he has this week given,
are deeply imbued with eloquence, devotion, and beauty." Signed on front
endpaper, "James Fort Bozeman" with "Dr. D. C. Brown" written at the end
of several individual numbers.


JGW 7 The Yankee; andBoston Literary Gazette. November, 1829.
Boston, 1829.
Currier p. 376. First prints "The Vestal," pp. 246-248, a poem whose subject
matter, the death of young lovers in ancient Rome, and whose style, effusive
blank verse, demonstrated how imitative the young poet was. Inscribed on
cover, "To Mr. S. T. Pickard with the compliments of G. P. Bradley I April
1902" and signed "Saml A. Bradley." Samuel Thomas Pickard (1828-1915),
a newspaperman, edited the Portland Transcript for over forty years. In 1876 he
married Elizabeth Whittier, Whittier's niece, and began assisting Whittier in
gathering materials for a biography, which he wrote in 1894.
His extensive collection of Whittier materials was given to his son, Greenleaf
Whittier Pickard, and in turn to me, his grandson, who gave them to the
University of Florida in September, 1984, as a supplement to the Whittier
collection in the Parkman Dexter Howe Library.

JGW 8 Samuel Kettel. Specimens ofAmerican Poetry, with Critical and Bio-
graphical Notices. 3 vols. Boston, 1829.
Currier pp. 339, 608. First book printing of "The Sicilian Vespers," III, 373-
375. Kettel's introduction states: "Editor of the American Manufacturer, news-
paper of Boston. He is one of the most youthful of our poets, but his verses
show a more than common maturity of powers." Whittier edited the newspaper
from January to August of 1829. BAL 21663.

JGW 9 The New-York Amulet, and Ladies Literary and Religious Chronicle.
February,July and August, 1830.
2 vols. New York, 1830-1831.
Currier pp. 233, 349, 403, 405, 407, 492. Two copies. Copy A: all issues for
1830, wantingJuly 1, 1830, number; bound in contemporary roan. Copy B:
numbers from March 30 to December 8, 1830, and January o to March 15,
1831; unbound. First prints prose stories "The Infidel," p. 16, and "Henry St.
Clair," pp. 89-91, and the poem "The Stars," pp. 1io-I I. Reprints poems
"The Disenthralled," p. 53, and "New England," p. 167, and the prose tale
"Gertrude. A Fact," p. 185. "Henry St. Clair" was "First prize tale." Brief
mentions of Whittier occur on pp. 36, 48; a laudatory commentary on p. 53;
announcements of the publication of the Biography of Henry Clay and Legends of
New England, pp. 1oo, 140; and finally a poem, "Lines," addressed to Whittier
by Elizabeth Bogart after reading his poem "The Stars," II, 5. Her poem begins:
Bard of the Soul-entrancing lyre-
The Muses' favoured son.


Thine is the True Promethean fire,
That Lights the spirit on.

JGW 10 The Gleaner, or Selections in Prose and Poetry. From the Periodical
Press. Boston, 1830.
Currier pp. 270, 608. First book printing of "The Indian's Tale," pp. 67-69,
one of Whittier's first uses of legendary and folk materials. It was included in
his Legends of New England, published later that year. BAL 21666.

JGW 11 [Freeman Hunt] American Anecdotes: Original and Select.
2 vols. Boston, 1830.
Currier p. 346. First book printing of "The Spectre Ship of Salem," II, 40-44,
another narrative based on local superstition and included in Legends of New
England. Whittier was fascinated by ghost ships and wrote a number of poems
on the subject. Stamp, "Abigail Duchesne," on title page, Vol. II. BAL 21665.

JGW 12 Thomas Spofford. The Yankee, or Farmer's Almanakfor the Year
of Our Lord and Savior 1831. Boston [1830]
Currier pp. 346, 608. Two copies. First book printing of "The Spirit of the
North," under the February entry, p. 7. BAL 21667.

JGW 13 George D. Prentice. Biography of Henry Clay.
Hartford [February] 1831.
Currier pp. 12-16. Two copies: copy A, earliest known presentation copy with
markings in Whittier's hand; copy B, extensive marginalia attacking Clay,
underlinings in an unknown hand throughout. We know that Whittier assisted
the author with much of the research and that he wrote sections of this book
in New York inJanuary 1831. In later life, Whittier claimed to have written at
least two chapters; his markings in copy A substantiate this. On pp. 254 and
276 of this copy are two marginal diagonal strokes in ink, similar to those in
the inscription, apparently Whittier's way of signifying the sections he contrib-
uted to the book. Copy A has two crosses on pp. 113 and 145, the first at the
beginning of the section dealing with the Ghent Treaty, mentioned by Whittier
in a letter to Jonathan Law, suggesting that Whittier contributed to this section
also (Letters, I, 40-41, JGW MS 11). The second cross remains unexplained.
Currier concludes that Whittier made other additions, but they remain conjec-
tural. See JGW ANA 66 for the publisher's prospectus. Copy A inscribed,
"Jos. E. Hussey, from his nephewJohn G. Whittier, August 1, 1832." Hussey


was the brother of Whittier's mother, Abigail. Bookplate of Carroll Atwood
Wilson with a quotation from his will, which allowed PDH to choose five items
from Wilson's Whittier collection; this was one. Wilson (1886-1947), a New
York lawyer, was a noted collector of American literature. BAL 21670.

JGW 14 George D. Prentice. Biography ofHenry Clay.
New York, 1831.
Currier pp. 12-16. Second edition, revised, in boards. This edition has two
additions: one on the Compensation Bill (pp. 121-127) and another on Greek
Independence and the "Panama instructions" (pp. 254-261). Currier specu-
lated that these passages were added by Whittier. Signature, "Montgomery,"
on blank page. BAL 21670.

JGW 15 Legends of New England. Hartford [February] 1831.
Currier pp. 16-18. Two copies, variant states: copy A, first state with "A.E.
Carey" not "E.L. Carey" on title page; p. iv misnumbered "v"; the reading
"the go" for "they go" on p. 98. Copy B, fourth state, with corrections of "A.
E. Carey" and p. v, but "the go" uncorrected; wanting hyphen in "New Eng-
land" on label. First prints poems "The Weird Gathering," "The White Moun-
tains," "The Black Fox," and "The Aerial Omens." First prints prose sketches
"The Midnight Attack," "The Rattlesnake Hunter," "The Haunted House,"
"The Powwaw," "The Human Sacrifice," "A Night Among the Wolves," and
"The Mother's Revenge." First book printings of seven other poems. Whit-
tier's first book and a pioneer attempt to use native legends, folklore, and
superstitions as materials for art. The book, however, was not successful and
Whittier later disowned it, destroying whatever copies he could find and resist-
ing attempts to have the poems reprinted. Copy A: bookplates of Carroll
Atwood Wilson, Frank Fletcher, Wilhelmus Mynderse, and George Clinton
Fairchild Williams. Signature on flyleaf, "Albert Ruggles," dated November,
1833. Fletcher (b. 1853?), a New York businessman, Mynderse (1849-1906),
a New York lawyer, and Williams (1857-1933), a Connecticut businessman,
were all bibliophiles who built up significant private collections. Copy B: signa-
ture and stamp, "Rhodes G. Arnold, 1839," and signature "Walter Gerritson,
Waltham." BAL 21671.

JGW 16 George B. Cheever. The American Common-Place Book of Poetry,
with Occasional Notes. Boston, 1831.
Currier pp. 300, 321, 374, 608; BAL 1330 (Brainard). Modern three-quarter
morocco binding. First book printing of selections from "The Minstrel Girl,"


pp. 37-38, 66-68, Io-i I I; from "The Past and Coming Years" (entitled "To
the Dying Year"), p. 87; and "The Unquiet Sleeper" (entitled "A Legend"),
pp. 384-386. Reprints "The Indian's Tale," pp. 349-351. Whittier's name
appears as "James G. Whittier." BAL 21672.

JGW 17 Thomas Spofford. The Yankee. The Farmer's Almanack. For the
Year of Our Lord and Savior 1832. Boston [ 183 ]
Currier pp. 216, 224, 6o8. First book printings of "Bolivar" (version A), p. 31,
and "The Cities of the Plain," p. 32. Whittier later extensively revised "Bolivar"
and included it in an appendix to his collected poetry. BAL 21676.

JGW 18 Robert B. Thomas. The (Old) Farmer'sAlmanack... 1832.
Boston, 1831.
Currier pp. 279, 6o8. Reprints four lines from "Knowest Thou the Ordinances
of Heaven," on the title page. Not in authorized editions of Whittier's poetry
after 1838. Signature, "Saml West," on title page. BAL 21675.

JGW 19 B. L. Mirick. The History ofHaverhill, Massachusetts.
Haverhill [February] 1832.
Currier pp. 18-20. Whittier had originally planned to write this history. He
collected materials and advertised the project in March, I830, but that summer
he left to edit the New England Weekly Review in Hartford and turned his materials
over to Mirick. Whittier reviewed the book in the Essex Gazette (June 16, 1832):
"The writer of this [i.e., Whittier] believed it an easy task to collect and
reduce to historical method the materials for such a history .. but he is free
to confess that the many obstacles which unfolded themselves in the outset,
were among the prominent reasons for abandoning the idea." Whittier's con-
tributions to the history remain entirely conjectural; Samuel T. Pickard, his
biographer, later claimed that Whittier felt unjustly treated because Mirick
made no mention of his assistance. Bookseller's pencilled note: "It has been
claimed that this book is by Whittier. He does not admit it, but Geo Morse the
bookseller and auctioneer says that an old printer who worked on the book told
him that the Ms. was all in Whittier's handwriting." George D. Morse printed
three early Whittier poems on old paper, allowing them to pass as unique copies
printed by Whittier himself. See Currier, pp. 593-596, and JGW 552-554.


JGW 20 Moll Pitcher, a Poem. Boston [April] 1832.
Currier pp. 20-21, 301, 492. Top trimmed, stabbed as issued. Substantive
corrections in Whittier's hand on pp. 9, 12, 17, 19, 26. This poem was based
on a New England legend about a fortune teller whose prophecies drove a girl
into insanity. In later years Whittier disowned the poem, commenting: "I had
hoped it had died out of print and am rather sorry that old 'Moll' has
materialized herself" (Woodwell, p. 52). In a letter written at this time Whittier
jokingly denies the authorship of the poem because it has too much "love and
sentiment in it" (seeJGW MS 18). Though Whittier excluded the poem from
his collected works, he used portions of it in a number of other poems. In-
scribed: "Miss H. Minot, from the Author." Harriet Minot (1815-1888), a
Haverhill friend of Whittier and his sister, corresponded with him throughout
her life. For reprints, seeJGW 75, 481a. BAL 21677.

JGW 21 The New England Magazine. May, 1832. Boston, 1832.
Currier pp. 294, 417, 492. Issues fromJanuary to June bound in contemporary
three-quarter leather. First prints the tale "Powow Hill," pp. 416-421, and first
prints poem (within the tale) "Malachi! Malachi! Be of Good Cheer." This
issue also contains a review of Moll Pitcher, pp. 441-442, which criticizes the
poem for lack of plot, poor grammar, and bad rhymes. Signature, "Jos. S.
Adlington, Woburn, Mass. Feb. 27, 1877."

JGW 22 The Literary Remains ofJohn G. C. Brainard, with a Sketch of His
Life. Hartford [Summer] 1832.
Currier pp. 21, 22; BAL 1332 (Brainard). Two copies: copy A, untrimmed,
purple cloth spine; copy B, trimmed, purple cloth spine. Compiled and edited
by Whittier, who wrote the introductory sketch, pp. 7-36. He commended
Brainard's work with the materials of romance and the local legends of New
England. Whittier did much of the editing in Haverhill without seeing proof:
"As for Brainard's Biography-I have not seen a copy of it-the proof wasn't
read-and from an extract or two which I have seen, it is pretty well spiced
with mistakes" (Letters, I, 93). Another mistake was Whittier's inclusion of
poems not by Brainard. See BAL 1332. Copy A, signature of "Samuel
Bowles" on endpaper, bookplate of Walter Thomas Wallace. Copy B, signature
of "James T. Fields" on title page. Bowles (1826-1878) edited The Springfield
Republican and was a friend of Emily Dickinson. Fields (1817-1881), editor and
publisher, and his wife, Annie Adams Field, were among Whittier's closest


friends. Wallace (1866-1922) was a noted collector of American literature. BAL

JGW 23 SarahJ. Hale. Flora's Interpreter: or, the American Book of Flowers
and Sentiments. Boston, 1832.
Currier pp. 306, 331, 360, 6o8; BAL 6792. Original decorated leather. First
book printings of excerpts from "Reflections of a Belle," pp. 62-63, 86; "To a
Young Lady," pp. 96-97, 152, 173. Reprints of excerpts from Moll Pitcher, pp.
i I 164, 179, 189; and from Legends of New England, pp. 165, 169-170. Signa-
ture, "Sarah H. Brown, 1833," on endpaper, bookplate of Carroll Atwood
Wilson. BAL 21679.

JGW 24 The New-England Magazine. February, April,June,July, 1833.
Boston, 1833.
Currier pp. 243, 345, 413, 415. Issues fromJanuary to July, bound in contem-
porary three-quarter leather. First prints poems: "The Female Martyr," pp.
322-323, and "The Song of the Vermonters. 1799," PP. 511-512. First prints
tales, "Passaconaway," pp. 121-13o, and "New England Superstitions," pp.
26-31. "The Song of the Vermonters. 1779" was printed anonymously by
Whittier to see if it could pass as an authentic Ethan Allen ballad. Whittier
acknowledged authorship in 1858 after it had been accepted as a ballad written
in 1779. SeeJGW 99 for an account of the subsequent publishing history of this
piece. Stamp of Portsmouth Public Library, gift ofJos. B. Upham.

JGW 25 Justice and Expediency; or, Slavery Considered with a View to its
Rightful and Effectual Remedy, Abolition. Haverhill [June, 1833]
Currier pp. 22, 408. Wrappers. Corrections in Whittier's hand on pp. 3, 5, I6,
and 18. This pamphlet, which argued for immediate abolition, marked Whit-
tier's enlistment in the cause. William Lloyd Garrison's visit to Haverhill in
March, 1833, spurred Whittier's re-examination of the subject and led him to
print 500 copies of the pamphlet at his own expense inJune.Justice andExpediency
was widely reprinted (see next entry), and established Whittier as a spokesman.
For the next twenty years he was to devote most of his time to this issue.
Inscribed, in Whittier's hand, "Danl. Whittier, Wabiston Pray & Co. Kilby
St." Daniel was a cousin. BAL 21681.


JGW 26 Anti-Slavery Reporter. September, November, 1833.
New York, 1833.

Currier pp. 23, 369. Issues fromJune to November, unbound. Second impres-
sion. The September issue (Vol. i, No. 4) reprints Justice and Expediency, pp.
51-63, with incorrect pagination and misprints. The November issue (Vol. i,
No. 6) reprints "To the Memory of Charles B. Storrs," p. 96 (not listed by
Currier) and prints Whittier's "Review" of Granville Sharp's Law ofRetribution,
pp. 83-86 (not listed by Currier). Pp. 91-92 of the November issue print an
essay, "The Character of Pres. Storrs," signed "E.W.," which may signify
Elizabeth Whittier, the poet's sister.

JGW 27 Declaration of the National Anti-Slavery Convention, Assembled in
Philadelphia, Dec. 4, 1833. [Philadelphia, 1833]
Currier pp. 24-25. All four of Currier's variant printings; Currier's third variant
printed on satin, apparently unique and undescribed thus. Whittier's name is
appended to the Declaration under the Massachusetts delegates. He was a
secretary for the Convention and one of a committee of three chosen to draft
the Declaration. Although he contributed to its wording, the actual writing was
done by William Lloyd Garrison. Whittier later said: "I am not insensible to
literary reputation. I love, perhaps too well, the praise and good-will of my
fellow-men; but I set a higher value on my name as appended to the Anti-Slavery
Declaration of 1833 than on the title-page of any book" (Letters, III, 52). This
first meeting formed a national organization to abolish slavery and heralded
Whittier's total commitment to this cause. See also JGW 353. BAL 22222.

JGW 28 The Salem Observer. December 28, 1833. [Salem, 1833]
See Currier p. 420. Reprint of the story, "The Schoolmaster," p. i. Signature
of "Rea Nourse."

JGW 29 The Report and Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Provi-
dence Anti-Slavery Society. Providence, 1833.
Currier pp. 24, 371, 6o8. First pamphlet printing of "To William Lloyd Garri-
son" on p. 4, back cover, sometimes encountered as a disjunct leaf masquerading
as a broadside. This tribute to Garrison was read at the American Anti-Slavery
Convention of 1833 and was placed first in the section of "Anti-Slavery Poems"
in Whittier's collected works. In the poem Whittier calls Garrison:


Champion of those who groan beneath
Oppression's iron hand:
In view of penury, hate, and death,
I see thee fearless stand.
BAL 21684.

JGW 30 Proceedings of the New-England Anti-Slavery Convention, Held in
Boston on the 27th, 28th and 29th of May, 1834. Boston, 1834.
Currier p. 609. Two copies. First prints "Address to the People of the United
States," pp. 59-72. This long presentation of abolitionist views is signed by
Whittier, Charles Follen, Cyrus Pitt Grosvenor, Dudley Phelps, and Joshua V.
Himes. Whittier is listed as a delegate from Haverhill and as a member of a
committee to prepare an address to the people of New England. Whittier wrote
to Elizur Wright that the meeting was "a mighty evidence of our growing
strength-of the great amount of moral and intellectual power which, under
God, is directing its energies against unrighteous oppression" (Letters, I, 150).
BAL 22225.

JGW 30a Hymn ... written for the celebration of the 4th July, 1834, by the
Friends ofHuman Liberty, at Chatham Street Chapel.
[New York, 18341
Second printing, with revisions, preceded by the 1833 Fourth of July printing
for the Sunday School at Haverhill. Currier locates only the Carroll Wilson
copy (pp. 25-26, 263-264). Printed by Thomas George, Jr., 162 Nassau-street
[New York]. Gift of the Howe Society. BAL 22246.

JGW 31 The Emancipator, andJournal ofPublic Morals. August 12, I834.
New York, 1834.
Currier p. 429. First prints letter to Elizur Wright, dated Haverhill, August I,
1834. Whittier gives an optimistic account of anti-slavery activity in New
Hampshire and Maine and comments on the New York riots (Letters, I, 153-

JGW 32 New-York Mirror. October 4 and 25, 1834. New York, 1834.
Currier p. 394. First prints tales, "The Ball that Killed without Wounding,"
p. 11o, and "The Arrest," p. 133, published under the section "Original Trans-
lations." These two prose pieces and "Duel at St. Domingo" (JGW 34) are


supposedly translations from the French, dealing with debts and duelling, and
they are quite unlike most of Whittier's other prose fictions. They were written
to supplement the meager income from the Whittier farm.

JGW 33 Our Countrymen in Chains. New York, October, 1834.
Currier pp. 26-27, 24 I. First separate printing of broadside, "Our Countrymen
in Chains." A large woodcut of a kneeling Negro who raises his manacled hands
is above Whittier's poem. The poem was originally titled "Stanzas." This
broadside was issued by the thousands over the next few years and became an
abolitionist best seller that touched the hearts and roused the moral indignation
of Northern readers. Autograph presentation copy with two verses in Whit-
tier's hand on the verso (not found in Currier):
Let us pity the Negro! as, kneeling & worn
With the fetters his limbs have so wearily borne,
He lifts his dark hands in his anguish on high-
"Oh shant I" go free from my bondage "shant I?"
Let us pity the Negro! & plead for his right
Till the gloom of his bondage is broken with light-
Till the whip shall be useless-the fetters thrown by
And the Master says Yes, when his slave says-"Shant I?"
Inscribed: "Jane Nichols, Salem. Care of Mary C. Whittier." Mary, a cousin
in Salem, was an active abolitionist. BAL 21687.

JGW 34 Atkinson's Saturday Evening Post. A Family Newspaper. Devoted to
Literature, Morality, Science, News, Agriculture and Amusement.
November 8, 1834. Philadelphia, 1834.
Not in Currier. First and only printing of tale, "Duel at St. Domingo," p. I,
"J.G.W." PDH: "Currier had not heard about [the story] when I showed it to
him." See JGW 32.

JGW 35 The Maryland Scheme of Expatriation Examined. Boston, 1834.
Currier pp. 263, 609. Lacks wrappers. First pamphlet printing of "The Hunters
of Men," p. 20. This poem, with its melodramatic situation and fervid satire
of slave hunting in the South, was typical of Whittier in the 1830's. He later
remarked, "I have never thought of myself as a poet in the sense in which we
speak of the great poets. I havejust said from time to time the things I had to


say" (Woodwell, p. 69). And such a comment applies to the moral intensity
and passionate indignation that guided his abolitionist poems. BAL 21686.

JGW 36 Lydia Maria Child. The Oasis. Boston, 1834.
Currier p. 341; BAL 31 8. Variant binding of pictorial cloth and imprint of
Allen and Ticknor. First prints "The Slave-Ships," pp. 48-53, a gruesome tale
of murder and disease aboard two slave-ships whose crews are stricken blind
for their heartlessness. The following stanza is characteristic:
Hark! from the ship's dark bosom,
The very sounds of hell!
The ringing clank of iron,
The maniac's short, sharp yell!
The hoarse, low curse, throat-stifled;
The starving infant's moan,
The horror of a breaking heart
Poured through a mother's groan.
Also prints "The Slave Trader," pp. 176-179, by Elizabeth Whittier. Bookplates
of Carroll Atwood Wilson and Stephen H. Wakeman (1859-1924). BAL 21688.

JGW 37 The New England Magazine. February, March, April, 1835.
[Boston, 1835]
Currier pp. 27-28, 233, 301, 363. January to June, in half calf. First prints
"The Demon of the Study," pp. I 18-120, "To Governor M'Duffie," pp. 138-
141, and "Mogg Megone," pp. 161-170, 266-273 (published in two parts).
SeeJGW 44 for "Mogg Megone."

JGW 38 Correspondence Between James G. Bimey, of Kentucky, and Several
Individuals of the Society ofFriends. May 28, 1835.
Haverhill, 1835.
Currier p. 609. 8 pp., wrappers. First prints letter to James G. Birney, pp. 3-4,
signed by Whittier and four other Quakers, including his cousin, Moses A.
Cartland, setting forth a series of abolitionist questions to Birney, a slaveholder
who had renounced slavery. Birney's reply, supporting immediate emancipa-
tion, was also printed. BAL 22227.

JGW 39 The Anti-Slavery Record. August, 1835. New York, 1835.
Not in Currier. January to December, cloth. Also February and August in

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signatures in seven, columns, imprint ofJ. R. Sleeper.

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or ernt, or tShe er eor d .-MStthere n.. iii. h3
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htred twer n n o lsfa/ fend pn lrh lio, ond dder; the yvou Hion ad the do hai Thuu rample underfed. r,

S THE Conention awembled in the eny of Philadelphia to organize a Naional Aat- foundations ofthe dal compact, a complete extinction of all the relat.los, endearments,
Slavery Soceny, pmpv yeize the opportunit to pronmulpt the following DECLA and obhgation of mankind nd p um moou t rea on of allthe holy eoommnd-
Rth N OF ri SE hed m in u aon o the el m m h n h i
0f oc.ith poltoS of the Amerines people. We further behave and afim--Th all peon of olour who poe the qual ,f-
MoH. th fity-io yean have stafied aire a band of patriotn ceed in thin kio, which loo demanded of othen, onght o be admtiled forthwith to the enjoym.nt
plae, .o deo- -au- for the dehIene oflhia country from a Iorign yoke. The of the lame prialea h, Lnd the ereia of th aue pgetive. a other fhol the
rerto upon wic hey od the or w broadly thi pa offeent of we d otin ao be opened a widely o them
ar.y;b. .po.led one

t a men a equl; that hey ar endowed d by their C ator with certain a to pe dons f a white com plexon
inalienable right; tha among thee re life,LIBERTY, and the pursuit of happiness." We maintain that no nmpenalon should be given to the planter emleancipating
At the foundd of lher trumpeted ll, three million of people o e up o from the Bleep their slavIe-Becaue it would be 0rreneder of the great fundmenrl principle, that
of dboth, ad nabed cto thte ofrblood ; demng h mol e glorioeu to die in tanoly man tnnot hold property n mane. BeTe Tam ro a lt it the rtieron IT e
firem oen, hpro desirable to hle one huron to laer. They we.Tolre DEn nmer- .m AN ohTICLe To Bn aodt enue theo. h roldena ofa no llhe holy roprieod-
poor i. reb O ; bS the honest rco diction that T iUn. Jur and Rathe weare o f t the clai; he h re e t aaey u nt depro ng thm of propr, but rto
on their tie,. mado them in peopib le. it iW n ro hg l owners it i t ro the ma p ero bot roghbrng the a retloin-
We ha.. met together for the achievement of an enerpa without which, thaof our hm o hmre'rlf--Be.au. ie .l general e tmi nrpnon wlrtd on-detroy O
pi., i dereed fter of for ith, drrinerny of spirit, we would not be inferior to Le The of the outsrged rnd rla d theie d not e those who hire plundered and abuh-T the.

T1 rinacl leud them t wath war at t ir oredabon eand r lorthl r a We gr deluirte, ad dangerous, ayhem of ep riaion which
blood ihle water, n; order to bhe free. OurL forbid TY the doing of eil ha goo may ptenda to aid ithter dre or hoindirtly, in the mr ctpaUot of the rlac, ewopto be

come, and lead ou to ab ect and to entreat the opprtoed to reject, the u .se of all carnal subaetite for the ommedrate and total abortion of lIoovery
wepom for deirven from botndhe ge ; lyin oely upon thoeo which are spiritual, We fully and uneanimoua; y f gthel thearo ei gty Tof eah aitlb, to leiltoe nl-
7tirmer rs we6re physical resnche marhalng in am hhtile aay ongr, tnder; prus national compt, hn no rightto irer with any of the
fthe mortal erono ter. OurO *hh ll be such only i the opopmoi on of brmoal purity to sla.r Siot in tretion to thi a no men ou ib loab1eofd t
mohe detiony the dftrutlon of er by the potency of truth-the oyerthrow or But ie in.o an rhao Congra her a rights and la olen ly hound to theppat

prejudice by the power of lone-and the ahnisio n of laveri y by l he spri of repentanre, thy e do e e r s lar e nrde berwee the, e veral tn s, and to abolirsh alaery in thol e por-
tior grie tncdfgreat os they wee. were tryoflin in comparison with iherorngto thon. hn of our lerrory which e Conaitlorion har placed under it dexclusive junodiction.
bright nd id like deter o h ut from ag i The ligh o knoonedge and o illhon- the peopld.e of he frle Se.. olo mn doola.ry by mort nd pole l action,
btotd Toaurr brGorderto be fre. Ooreobrdthre dorog ofer th.orgooroey peiterdtod. eirthe odtltTrrn or ithe nirthtet ha.Teyooaon for ftheatn, .O bbe

But tho e, for whom emncipar on we ar e string-contiting a the pre ent time pledge of their treme a phyicl force to often the galling feer of tyranny upon
at aht oy th parto of our c ontrymen,-aire ro ognid by the law, and treated by h limb of milon in he uthe es; they e viable to be called ar ny o ome t
their ftow-oeinh.r u marketable roMenmodieat gods ad chttel- brhle besrs tCo uppe a general iru ion of b he alan: hey antrile the oolo e owne to te

ae nlhloly torn Bunder-he tender babe from he arml of ila frantic moth..-.he slave who hu eieaped i.to their terrlonea ad send him bak to be tortured y an eu-
hear-broken wife from her wiping huaband- the prce orplemum of armsponsble raged mater or a brutal driver. Thi" relation to slawry is criminal and full of danger:
yanthe. Forthe crime ofr Oaing a dark h omplen, they sffr the panh of hunger, r ITts n z rnomn r tot

nthe inf lon ofr pe.t ad a he ignortin of brutal pserv de. They re kepo in hea- Thcoe are our view and principleea theBe, or dignte atnd meaureya. With o nep re
thenia dkan by p wer p of lye nued to Inake their intruetion a e nminal eence. confidthe nce in the orer- r tlingeju of God, we pltn oura ine* upo the Din tlae pon
The ir the proment amumthywe in rrrhe condition of mopreo rhtan two millions orf or edepeorrtdenorywr and the thof Ditine Reelation palee upon ithe lrreljrdO ti.

eof r people, the p f of whi-- may be found in thea andI of indisputable fo s, and We thel orgeanie Afnt-Slavery S ocieti r if possible, in every city town, and illageo
ine he law of the alohboldg Stu he ood our landth Td

Het we ma ro Tht ioc n view of the civil d re lirgio. s pr tileges of this nation We shall send forth Agetas phto lil ap thf e voi e of gmonstg aUce of wr ring, op en-
te git of it opp or by the nequ, d red by hy Pother on the f of the earth ; ad, treaty, and of rbuke. o et

therefo, that it o beond to reub t tanldy, to undod the ey burden, to ba ak every We shall cirla e, nl e tsprinty nod exteivrely, -thentlaery thraet and perdica .
ryoke, anrd olet the opprete go frtoee. We hall en lir the pulpit and the prpey an th use e of the enering and the dopp
oWe fuher mrinoe That no mao n re right to d nalaoeori mbrto hil brother-to We-oro t ihey satpert ifieamon of th e Shuhc frotalh pfrtipeeation in theYueioe ey.

Ihold ur aknowledg e him, f or o oment u a piee of iemhandi to kep beh- We all enonage the labour of f r1men rather tha- ht of th e ai e, by i ad.
his hhire y faujtor o bruutalie h mind by denying he m the men of inti llectal, pC ferne ao heirpd t t or lo n ed hU b otee ay ar pent
iaol, -nd moral imprTeme. rrb r dohalte epa no ro ertaotna nor mTr eo breonr the whole nan to a a oedy frpntfne

The right to enjoy th erty i inoieable To ar ei, they ufrp the proge of Ouhr r rase r victory lyGOD may be pe lydefeatd, o

to the rotetion of wpeo.nd to the oomma adylag of err ety. It re pinahey T eano triumph. Already a h R is oring ep o t e the Lod against the mhty, nd
tla de a mtine African, a rd rausbje el ei to ser itude. srely the in I s a great to tehe prospect oe fo u i full of epoathe l urageo t

eolate an A p.IIIU u al AFrhaN. Submitting this DECLARATION to the b-did eapinaoon Af thea peotplo of tht i
Thfo we bele d hheeiodiff pripenel e, betwrrn un d of the fiendt of lof th t rloberty th throughout tthetaol root world we hereby aeinour ig
Sai p opme beiu p in nfof chtary bo ndage, d hi property, o [rpdipng to S rep God, we hwll do il eothat in "liee, niatelay with eery thi Dlaration ofor panndpl

] T -That the la h nttly to be lee, d broh n o oerthw the moat ecrable assem of ahe every that ha evra d beet wired u

der he protection of law-That if they hod lived from the time of Phh down to the earth-to derher our land from ito deadli on--to wipe out the f o ler ar ofwh e

fr cld Ber ba been alienated, bt cteir claims would o aoe constntly risen in Unite Slatp all the rights and prindleg which belong to them men, oa ta m
lemn y-That e laws which ae w in foe, ad mitng theft right ofcry, are ricn me wh may to ur peos, or interest, or sptaio whe we

therefore before God uerly null and oid; bean an authdiohe uburpation of the Divine live to witness the triumph of L.smd en, nrrI, and l-tlrlnry sor pndh puln'irte
prerogative, a daring iofriagemen on the w o Nature, a bae overthrow of the very mary in this u be neolent and holy aute. Done in th hiloelphri the d B
Sre byofreId-or:betei ndbyd ri day of Dethember, Aef er,. D. 18f3.

DA.VID H ord rTON, JOSHUA COFI. 'Wece poaad BRIAh. a r o.t. he eUHRt oCLLOUGi. A eRnVICrepeoI
TderiartoeeroytrlbeorbW oywpely..e. TioiewderStak o toh rpthe preerogc t of Oar tret forerory AI arototyso GOD. n ey be prertocydeaorod, but roar
Snrern.T ore baa a ogbonowrbrdy-othprdoNorofbrnw abor prrrye rror Teeter Joertoro. soae Hoaer, toot rod wilt griodoecty

T..en o.uo. ...A .r.e...r-- i..... thr DECLfR TtON to the .... drd ertrro af the poope of thli
JOS re pH e b eotte end h.t-r-Th O ther no drffreI J T ion p.iORGE Wet. BEwSeNr, JrOHNIIANKr ..e oeWarON -

to w ACw p W E A OTT LIAM h I.N.. r.. Pennsylmania. O- on sd
the broe t DAVID T Bpeer I reef Conreyneticu. WIL- t M OO LL e DWIN A. ATEEr nd by the Tpf
DAeI CAP BELLn .oloy bNEdLe, h pop o. rdi Wip- God WrU r htllt J.. rn arT oo oor p
ree ewro., rreoeoe h-Tathe.raeeeo.lght toadsobrnat fnbn end bragbhto- tooreobrow the leteteaeorih reectemofcteeeyt thehtohaeretofed ePiOl
dO thepoteoobR td w -Tbrrf they hoBd b rofr thenwen ePg bdeto the erOth-hto dTtMA retd frw i0ddh ow pot thef orenteh
pneedeo ad hd bane eotrted through cnanaete garon, there roght s he -am opr Otoro e betro-aod t so t doetroerd popotetion of thc
nTrtestrs. ATo NOLD ther mro, StpIEN s JO f"eLYNe Un 'ew irte riheh. DAVID JONE Mbi o ILTON t UTLIFFo

PLATE IB: ANOTHER COPY ON SATIN, CurIet roariant four (Jrow 27), text e in two,
signatures in six, columnist, e imprint of the eMerrihew & Gunn. nd ho the Str

Tttros n. ,our s, droto Meo.anrroiowo Teod&troht mn.S.bI
Done AJAntiOSoU .. yoPTTOO. he neeo"Teo I temon wa=ne. Traal; LO1teOCO

retto wretetoT JAi Gd ohlldrota1. AerthIm an erte ies o L dwe1s toes e iei. a.
Mere Hweoh-e. motto t KtrALt. rT. Coesoirmt. ttrSroocrtee.a. eoro n.A. ionon mooT.
roivreo3mreco.e .. mo Y to W moomttmmteYc. OAiH.
fieI It to ob d[r. mCotd it.prNeOL00, torts patei. kosen ootpey,
nt moroeo. wimoanca. eooo. Thairro It&. o one, mitnrtow portent. oteso Un ereStr:;.
ri. erot atLeaO ted, t .eor d he. 00ro y net.. erto I oites po-e11R Thig. cesoir ten. So0 at toLe. anl

PLATE 1W- ANOTHER Codv ON SATIN, Currier's variant four (jow 27), text in two,

signatures in six, columns, imprint of Merrihew & Gunn.


original wrappers. Reprints excerpts from "Stanzas" ("Our Countrymen in
Chains"), p. 24.

JGW 40 The Emancipator. August, 1835. New York, 1835.
Currier p. 430. First prints letter to William Goodell, dated Haverhill, July 5,
dealing with an anti-slavery celebration in Haverhill on July 4 (Letters, I, 167-

JGW 41 Park Benjamin, ed. Youth's Keepsake. A Christmas and New Year's
Gift for Young People. Boston, 1835.
Currier p. 255; BAL 981. First prints "The Harvest Moon," pp. [85]-88. Al-
though clearly identified as "By J. G. Whittier," this poem is questioned by
Currier because "it has not been located elsewhere and does not, in style, ring
true." The situation in the poem, the simple pleasure of two children viewing
a harvest moon, and the artless viewpoint of the young girl narrator, however,
do foreshadow Whittier's later genre pieces like "In School-Days." The descrip-
tion of the stream and hill parallels the landscape around the Haverhill farm,
and the girl uses the Quaker "thee" and "thou" in the poem. In the two previous
years Whittier had experimented with passing off one of his own works as a
folk ballad (JGW 24) and had published two prose tales dealing with duels
which were quite unlike his other prose at this time. Thus, an argument can
be advanced that the poem is an authentic Whittier production (see also Cur-
rier's own argument for attributing a quite uncharacteristic humorous 1836
poem to Whittier, pp. 601-602). The first stanza:
The Harvest Moon is in the sky,
See, William, through the old elm tree-
With what a broad and pleasant eye,
It looks on thee and me!
I sometimes think it sees us walk
Beneath its light, and hears us talk.
BAL 21690.

JGW 41a The Knickerbocker. May, 1836. New York, 1836.
Currier p. 493.January to June in red cloth. Reprints "The Prisoner for Debt,"
p. 549, introduced by Lewis Gaylord Clark: "No writer in America has produced
more true poetry." UF copy.


JGW42 Anti-Slavery Record. July, 1836. New York, 1836.
Currier pp. 215, 351. January to December, cloth binding. Reprints "The Bill
of Abominations" (later, "A Summons"), pp. [82-83].

JGW 43 David Root. The Abolition Cause Eventually Triumphant. A Sermon,
Delivered Before the Anti-Slavery Society ofHaverhill, Mass. August,
1836. Andover, 1836.
Currier p. 609. Two copies: copy A, green wrappers, trimmed; copy B, printed
green wrappers, untrimmed. Whittier probably edited this sermon, since the
verso of the title page contains a resolution for its printing signed by Whittier
as secretary. There is an editorial footnote, pp. 17-18. Copy B, bookplate of
Stephen H. Wakeman. BAL 22228.

JGW 44 Mogg Megone, A Poem. Boston, 1836.
Currier pp. 27-28, 301. First separate printing. Whittier had grave doubts
about the moral and poetic value of this tale of Indian warfare. He later tried
unsuccessfully to remove it from his collected works, saying he wished the poem
were buried in "the Red Sea" and that the "Big Injun, strutting around in
Walter Scott's plaid, has no friends and deserves none" (Letters, III, 469, 476).
Inscribed: "Geo. Kent, Esq. from his friend Jno. G. Whittier." Kent (1796-
1884) was a New Hampshire lawyer and abolitionist. PDH: "When Whittier
escorted the English abolitionist George Thompson through New England on
his tour in 1835, it was Kent who gave them refuge in his house in Concord,
New Hampshire, when they were stoned by a mob." BAL 21697.

JGW 45 Songs of the Free, and Hymns of Christian Freedom. Boston, 1836.
Currier pp. 241, 263, 348, 376; BAL 3134 (Child). Reprints "Voice of New
England" (otherwise, "Stanzas for the Times"), pp. 147-151; "The Hunting
of Men" (otherwise, "The Hunters of Men"), pp. 179-181; and "Our Country-
men in Chains" (later, "Expostulation"), pp. [182]-186. BAL 21695.

JGW 46 A Full Statement of the Reasons ... Offered to the ... Legislature
... Respecting Abolitionists andAnti-Slavery Societies.
Boston, 1836.
Currier p. 348. Reprints "Stanzas for the Times," pp. 46-48. BAL 21700.


JGW 47 The Laurel: A Giftfor All Seasons. Being a Collection of Poems. By
American Authors. Boston, 1836.
Currier pp. 293, 346, 369-370, 6o0-602; BAL 8726 (Holmes). First book print-
ings of "A Love Letter," pp. o4-i o6, and "To the Memory ofJ.G.C. Brainard,"
pp. 123-125. Reprints "The Spectre Ship of Salem," pp. 57-62. "A Love
Letter," mocking sentimental romance, has been questioned as Whittier's, but
Currier accepts it and reprints the poem with its full prose introduction-not
present here -which makes explicit the author's humorous intent. BA L 21694.

JGW 48 B. B. Thatcher. The Boston Book. Being Specimens of Metropolitan
Literature. Occasional and Periodical. Boston, 1836.
Currier pp. 321; BAL 8730 (Holmes). First book printing of "The Past and
Coming Year," pp. [3Io]-312. BAL 21693.

JGW 49 Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the Massachusetts
Anti-Slavery Society ... January 25, 1837. Boston, 1837.
Currier pp. 351, 610. First pamphlet printing of selections from "Lines ... on
... Pinckney's Resolution" (later, "A Summons"), p. 24. Whittier is listed as
one of the vice-presidents of the society, p. xl. BAL 21707.

JGW 50 Fourth Annual Report of the American Anti-Slavery Society. May 9,
1837. New York, 1837.
Currier p. 61o. Records three resolutions and one motion by Whittier, pp.
22-23, 24, 26, and lists Whittier as a delegate, manager, and secretary to the
Executive Committee, pp. 17, 20, 28. BAL 22229.

JGW 51 Letters from John Quincy Adams to His Constituents of the Twelfth
Congressional District in Massachusetts. To Which Is Added His
Speech in Congress, Delivered February g, 837.
Boston [May] 1837.
Currier pp. 28, 348, 351, 61o. Whittier edited these letters of Adams which
recounted his attempts to preserve the right of abolitionist petitioners to submit
their resolutions in Congress. Whittier was in close contact with Adams
throughout this period, supporting his attempts to speak on slavery and to
remove the "gag" resolutions which restricted debate on that topic (Letters, I,
2 I-2II, 219-220,230-23I, 233-234). BAL 21704.


JGW51a The Knickerbocker. June, 1837. New York, 1837.
Currier p. 267.January to June, cloth. Prints an expanded version of "Hymns.
From the French of Lamartine. II" (here, "Cry of My Soul"), p. 572.

JGW 52 Poems Written During the Progress of the Abolition Question in the
United States, Between the Years 1830 and 1838.
Boston [June] 1837.
Currier pp. 29-32. Brown cloth. This first collected edition prints twenty-one
poems, all dealing with abolition; twelve are first book printings. Texts and
explanatory notes follow the texts of their newspaper or pamphlet printings.
Whittier later claimed that the book was published "without my knowledge or
consent, full of errors and ridiculously printed, merely for abolition purposes"
(Letters, I, 252). It has been claimed without any supporting evidence that
William Lloyd Garrison edited the volume and wrote the introduction. The
book opens with "To William Lloyd Garrison." Inscribed, "Amelia Leeds From
her Aunt Eliza. 1838." BAL 21705.

JGW 53 Poems Written During the Progress of the Abolition Question in the
United States, Between the Years 1830 and 1838. Boston, 1837.
Currier pp. 29-32. A second edition which adds the poems "Lines. .. on ...
Pinckney's Resolution" and "Apology to the 'Chivalrous Sons of the South,'"
pp. 97-103. This addition is explained by a note: "In compliance with the
urgent request of a large number of admirers of Whittier, this volume was
issued from the press with very little time for revision, while the author was
absent from Boston. By a strange oversight, the following articles were omitted.
As soon as the work appeared, however, the omission was at once discovered,
and they are here inserted, that the volume may not disappoint its readers."
BAL 21705.

JGW 54 The Emancipator. August o, 1837, and February I, 1838.
New York, 1837-1838.
Currier pp. 263, 296. August, 1837, to April, 1838, half sheep. First prints
"Hymn (O Holy Father!)," p. 155, August io, 1837, and version A of "Massa-
chusetts," p. 155, February i, 1838. Both poems had abolitionist themes:
"Hymn" was written for the celebration of the third anniversary of the British
emancipation of slaves; while "Massachusetts" was occasioned by the refusal
of the House to accept Massachusetts's resolutions on slavery.


JGW 55 Haverhill Gazette. August 18, 1837. Haverhill, 1837.
Not in Currier. Reprints "The Times," p. i.

JGW 56 United States Magazine and Democratic Review. October-De-
cember, 1837, andJanuary, 1838. Washington, 1837-1838.
Currier pp. 242, 318. Issues from October-December, 1837, to March, 1838,
half calf. First prints "Palestine," pp. 47-49, and "The Familist's Hymn," pp.
50-52. Whittier later revised some lines in "Palestine" for Ann Wendell, but
never added the corrected lines in his collected version (Letters, III, 2o). Signa-
ture, "S. L. Simpson," on front endpaper.

JGW 57 Haverhill Gazette. November Io, 1837. Haverhill, 1837.
Not in Currier. PDH ascribes a prose essay, "Come to the Rescue," signed "W,"
to Whittier, but the tone of the essay and its support of the Whig party, which
Whittier was then opposing, suggest that it is not by him. Signature, "G.
Merrill," p. i.

JGW 58 Haverhill Gazette. November 30, 1837. Haverhill, 1837.
Not in Currier. PDH ascribes another essay, "Charity," signed "W," to Whittier,
but its sentimental style and incoherent expression are not characteristic of
Whittier. Signature, "G. Merrill," p. i.

JGW 59 Harriet Martineau. Views ofSlavery & Emancipation;from "So-
ciety in America." New York, 1837.
Currier pp. 32, 61o. Whittier wrote the preface for these selections, pp. iii-iv,
and probably chose them. He says of Harriet Martineau, "Few writers ... have
rendered a more essential service to the cause of liberty and philanthropy ...
Her scorching rebukes on the subject of slavery have a double force. .. "
Signature of "Gerrit Smith" (1794-1874), the New York reformer and
abolitionist leader who strongly supported Garrison. BAL 21708.

JGW 60 B. B. Thatcher. The Boston Book. Being Specimens of Metropolitan
Literature. Occasional and Periodical. Boston, 1837.
See Currier p. 307 (this not listed); BAL 3135 (Child). Reprints "New England,"
PP. 73-74.


JGW 61 Annual Report ofthe Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society.
Boston, 1837.
Currier pp. 290, 321, 6 o. First book printing of "Lines, Written on Reading
the Famous 'Pastoral Letter'" (later, "The Pastoral Letter"), pp. 117-120. This
scathing denunciation of clerical hypocrisy on the subject of slavery and defense
of the Grimke sisters' abolitionist speeches was characteristic of the topical and
passionate tone of Whittier's verses at this time. Bookplate of Frank Maier and
signature, "J. H. W. Toohey," on endpaper, with Toohey's comments about the
book and the anti-slavery days on the free front endpaper. Frank Maier collected
American authors extensively; his collection was sold in 1909. BAL 21706.

JGW 62 The Liberator.January 26, 1838. Boston, 1838.
Currier p. 430. First prints excerpts from a letter toJoshua Leavitt, "Meetings
in Connecticut," p. 13, accounts of anti-slavery meetings in Haverhill and in
Farmington, Connecticut (see Letters, I, 284-286). Signature, "D. P Fessenden,"
on p. I.

JGW 63 Narrative ofJames Williams, an American Slave; Who Wasfor Several
Years a Driver on a Cotton Plantation in Alabama.
New York [February] 1838.
Currier pp. 32-39. First edition, first state, light green boards. Whittier wrote
this account of a slave's trials and escape to freedom, with a long preface, pp.
iii-xxiii, and added a closing note, pp. 100-102, and an appendix of Southern
testimony about the cruelty of the slave system, pp. 103-o18. The accuracy
and credibility of Williams's account was questioned by the Alabama Beacon
and, after investigation, the executive committee of the Emancipator decided to
discontinue sale of the publication. Whittier's own feelings were: "We have
examined the Southern testimony; and while we candidly admit that it has
created a doubt in our mind of the accuracy in some minute particulars, of the
statement made by the fugitive to several gentlemen in this state ... we are still
disposed to give credit in the main to his narrative" (Currier pp. 33-34). BAL

JGW 64 Senate No. 87. Report of the Powers and Duties of Congress Upon the
Subject ofSlavery and the Slave Trade. April 6, 1838.
[Boston] 1838.
Not in Currier. Because "Whittier of Haverhill" is listed as a member of the


Committee making this report, PDH incorrectly attributes it toJ. G. Whittier.
At this time, however, Whittier was living in Amesbury and was not a member
of the House. Leonard Whittier of Haverhill was the Whig Representative in
1838. BAL 22232.

JGW 65 United States Magazine and Democratic Review. April, 1838.
Washington, 1838.
Currier p. 323. Issues from April to July, half calf. First prints "Pentucket,"
pp. 50-52, a narrative dealing with an Indian attack on Haverhill in 1708.
Signature, "S. L. Simpson," on front endpaper.

JGW 66 Anti-Slavery Examiner. No. 6. Narrative of ames Williams, an Amer-
ican Slave. [New York, May, 1838]
Currier pp. 38-39. Version "E," in sheets. This printing of the Narrative lacks
Whittier's prefatory note and appendix. BAL 22488.

JGW 67 Address, Read at the Opening of the Pennsylvania Hall, on the 15th
of Fifth Month, 1838. Philadelphia, 1838.
Currier pp. 39-40, 322-323. Two copies: copy A, thick cream-colored paper;
copy B, thin white paper, with no comma after "Merrihew and Gunn." First
prints the address, later, "Pensylvania Hall." Whittier's poem was read at the
dedication ceremonies for the Hall. It prophesied that when slavery was finally
abolished and the Hall ruined, pilgrims would venerate the spot as a holy
shrine. Ironically, three days after this dedication the Hall was burned down
by an anti-abolitionist mob; and, when Whittier in disguise saved some papers
from his office, the mob was clamoring that he should be hanged. Copy A,
bookplates ofJacob Chester Chamberlain (1860-1905), a collector of American
authors, and Carroll Atwood Wilson. One of the five Whittiers bequeathed to
PDH by Wilson. Copy B, bookplate of Wilson and an erased inscription, dated
"June, 1838." BAL 21712.

JGW 68 The Liberator. May 25, 1838. Boston, 1838.
Currier pp. 322-323. Reprints "Address, Read at the Opening of the Pennsyl-
vania Hall," p. 82. Signed, "D. P. Fessenden."



JGW 69 Plea for the Slave. June, 1838. New York, 1838.
Not in Currier. First prints "Effect of Abolition Movements upon the South,"
p. 12. Whittier reports that an unnamed Floridian is about to free his slaves.
On p. 13 is an advertisement for the Narrative of ames Williams.

JGW 70 Poems. Philadelphia [October] 1838.
Currier pp. 40-42. Three copies: copy A, brown cloth, embossed with fleur-de-
lis, with the initial "s" in the word "sun" on title page; pencil markings on pp.
162, 164, 168; dates and quotations on pp. 170, 173, 178. Copy B, brown cloth,
embossed with dots and flower design, and I cm. shorter than copy A, Pickard
copy. Copy C, inserted note, 188o, in Whittier's hand: "With many thanks
from John G. Whittier who has not forgotten Kennett" (probably addressed to
John Cox, an old abolitionist friend from Kennett, Pennsylvania). The first
authorized collection of Whittier's poetry; he made significant textual changes
and altered the punctuation of many poems. Of the fifty poems in this collection,
"The Moral Warfare" and "Lines Written in the Common-Place Book of a
Young Lady" were printed for the first time, while twenty-nine poems were
first printed in book form. Nearly half the poems dealt with abolition, which
perhaps caused the poor sale of the book. In his introductory note to the section
of "Miscellaneous Poems," Whittier commented: "These poems, in their pas-
sage from one newspaper or scrap-book to another, had become mutilated and
imperfect; and, in some instances, changed from their original rhythm and
sentiment .. and their publication in this form seemed necessary as a matter
of self-defence." BAL 21710.

JGW 71 History of Pennsylvania Hall, Which Was Destroyed by a Mob on the
17th of May, 1838. Philadelphia, 1838.
Currier p. 61 1. Two copies, variant states: copy A, original brown cloth, with
colored frontispiece and with misprint in "author," p. 173; copy B, original
black cloth, rebacked, with portrait of Whittier at p. 59, and A.N.s. by W. J.
Campbell, bookseller, dated February Io, 1919, bound in. Currier and
Campbell agree on the scarcity of the Whittier portrait. It was bound into "a
few" copies ("I have heard of only three," says Campbell, "and I have never
seen any loose copy of the print") eight months after publication. Other illus-
trations show the hall before and after it was burned-three days after open-
ing-by the pro-slavers. First book printing of "Address" (JGW 67), pp. 59-62.
Copy A inscribed, "Presented by the Managers and Stockholders of the
Pennsylvania Hall Association to the Independent Editor and Fearless Advo-


cate of the Supremacy of the Laws, RussellJarvis." Bookplate of D. E Appleton.
Jarvis (1791-1853), a journalist and editor, was then editing the Philadelphia
Ledger. BAL 21711.

JGW 72 The North Star: The Poetry ofFreedom, by Her Friends.
Philadelphia, 1840 [December, 1839]
Currier pp. 42-43, 240, 386, 61 i. Dark red leather, blue endpapers. Whittier
edited this volume and wrote the preface, pp. [v]-vi. Included are first printings
of "The Exiles-A Tale of New England," pp. [62]-73, and "The World's
Convention of the Friends of Emancipation, to be Held in London in 1840,"
pp. [ 103]-1 17. Other poems are byJohn Quincy Adams,James T. Fields, Lucy
Hooper, Elizabeth Whittier, Elizabeth Lloyd, and Elizabeth Nicholson. In this
copy a number of poems like "Granada," "Egypt," and "The Slaveholder's
Address to the North Star" are incorrectly attributed, in pencil, to Whittier.
The book itself was printed to be sold at the Fair of the Philadelphia Female
Anti-Slavery Society in December, 1839. Whittier and BenjaminJones solicited
poems from friends and abolitionist writers. Inscribed, "Susan B. Thayer
from her friend John G. Whittier." Suzanna Bradley Thayer (1801-1885), the
wife of Abijah Thayer, the former editor of the Haverhill Gazette, boarded Whit-
tier when he attended Haverhill Academy in 1827 and 1828. BAL 21716.

JGW 73 John A. Clark. The Christian Keepsake and Missionary Annual.
Philadelphia [1839]
Currier pp. 3Io, 611; BAL 3276 (W. G. Clark). First prints version B of "The
Northern Lights, as Seen First Month, 1837," PP. 318-320. Signature, "William
L. Dodge, Portland 1839," on endpaper. BAL 21715.

JGW 74 The Emancipator. April 2, 1840. New York, 1840.
Currier p. 431. First prints letter to Luther Myrick, dated Amesbury, March
6, 1840, which discusses plans for the formation of an abolitionist third party,
the Liberty Party (Letters, I, 386-387).

JGW 75 Moll Pitcher, and the Minstrel Girl. Philadelphia [April] 1840.
Currier pp. 44-46, 300, 301. Yellow wrappers. First book printing of "The
Minstrel Girl" and reprint of "Moll Pitcher." This edition was prepared by two
of Whittier's Philadelphia friends, Sarah Lewis and Joseph Healy, and printed
without his knowledge. Signature, "Sarah H. Pillsbury," on free endpaper. Mrs.


Pillsbury was co-worker in the reform efforts of Parker Pillsbury, whom she
married in 1840. BAL 21717.

JGW 76 Haverhill Gazette. June 27, 1840. Haverhill, 1840.
Not in Currier. PDH attributes the prose essay, "Consistency Dissected," signed
"W," to Whittier. This satire of the various reform movements, including
abolitionism and women's rights, is assuredly not by Whittier. Signature, "G.
Merrill," on p. I.

JGW 77 To the Memory of Daniel Wheeler. [N.p. July, 1840]
Currier pp. 46-47. A rare leaflet printing, on p. [i], with an A.N.s. to Rowland
Greene, dated "Portland, Me., July 22, 1840," on p. [3]. The leaflet was folded
and mailed from Portland, postmarked July 23, 1840, and addressed in Whit-
tier's hand, p. [4] (see Letters, I, 429-430). Above the address is a note in
Greene's hand, "FromJ. G. Whittier concerning Daniel Wheeler" and "Replied
to Ist Mo 7, 1841." PDH: "Currier was able to trace but one copy and that
was in the Yale Library." Rowland Greene (1770-1859), a Rhode Island
doctor, converted to Quakerism and became a minister. Whittier and Greene
both attended the Quaker yearly meeting at Newport in June, 1840, where the
tributes to missionary Daniel Wheeler greatly affected Whittier. He experienced
a new religious awakening at Newport which is reflected in this poem. As he
wrote after the meeting: "To me however, these outward things seem more and
more, vain and ineffective-while, in inward spiritual worship-the silence of
the heart before God-the ceasing from outward endeavor-the soul divested
of the cherished garments of its works, and in nakedness and poverty waiting
for the clothing of Divine Mercy,-seems to acquire new beauty and fitness"
(Letters, I, 430). BAL 21718.

JGW 78 Haverhill Gazette. October io, 1840. Haverhill, 1840.
Not in Currier. First prints a letter to the editor, signed "J. G. Whittier," dated
October i, 1840. The letter denies that Whittier ever supported Van Buren
and says that he cannot support either presidential candidate in the coming
election. Signature, "G. Merrill," on front page.

JGW 79 Daniel Wise. The Ladies' Pearl, and Literary Gleaner. October,
1840. Lowell, 1841.
Currier p. 398. Issues from June, 1840, to May, 1841, half leather. First and


only printing of tale, "The Charmed Wife," pp. 113-114. Signatures, "S. A.
Hastings," and "Clifford B. Hastings. 775 Tremont St. Boston," on endpapers.

JGW 80 George P. Morris. American Melodies: Containing a Single Selection
from the Productions of Two Hundred Writers.
Philadelphia [1840]
Currier p. 260. BAL 997 (Benjamin). Reprints an excerpt from "The Minstrel
Girl," entitled, "Her Lover Died," pp. 148-149.

JGW 81 John Keese. The Poets of America. New York, 1840.
See Currier p. 307; BAL 5:592 (Longfellow). Reprints "New England," pp.

JGW 81a The Knickerbocker. January-May, 1841. New York, 1841.
Currier pp. 228, 249, 299, 310, 336. Issues from January toJune, 1841, pub-
lisher's leather. First prints "The Norsemen," pp. 16-17; "The Merrimac," pp.
104-105; "Funeral Tree of the Sokokis," pp. 192-194; "St.John," pp. 299-300;
and "The Cypress-Tree of Ceylon," pp. 368-369.

JGW 82 The New World. April io, 1841. New York, 1841.
See Currier p. 240. Single sheet, offprint, 37.8 x 23.9 cm., with an unrelated
prose article on verso. Reprints "The Exiles: A Tale of New England," p. 225.
Originally published in the North Star, this ballad about Quaker persecution in
New England shows Whittier's renewed interest in historical and native mate-
rials. Whittier had doubts about the value of his effort, calling it a "kind of
John Gilpin Legend," and excluded it from his 1843 collection, Lays of My Home
(Letters, I, 591-592).

JGW 83 Haverhill Gazette. September 4, 1841. Haverhill, 1841.
See Currier p. 403. Reprints prose tale, "The Forsaken Girl," on p. i. Signatures,
"G. Merrill" and "J. S. Webster," p. i.

JGW 84 Haverhill Gazette. March 5, 1842. Haverhill, 1842.
Currier pp. 232, 374. Reprints "True Democracy" (otherwise, "Democracy").
Signature, "G. Merrill," on p. I.


JGW 85 The Lady's Pearl: A Monthly Magazine, Devoted to Moral, Enter-
taining, and Instructive Literature. October, 1842. Lowell [ 1842]
Currier pp. 322, 332. Original wrappers. First prints "The Rescue. A Legend
of the West," pp. [83]-84, which opens with the same line as "The Pawnee
Brave" (1827), but is largely rewritten.

JGW 86 United States Magazine andDemocratic Review. October, 1842.
New York, 1842.
Currier p. 250. Original wrappers. First prints "Lines, Written on Reading
Several Pamphlets Published by Clergymen Against the Abolition of the Gal-
lows" (later "The Gallows"), pp. 374-375.

JGW 87 The Lady's Pearl: A Monthly Magazine, Devoted to Moral, Enter-
taining, and Instructive Literature. December, 1842.
Lowell, 1842.
Currier p. 294. Issues from August, 1842, to June, 1843, bound in cloth.
Reprints "The Maiden's Death," pp. [1331-135.

JGW 88 John Keese. Poetical Remains ofthe Late Lucy Hooper.
New York, 1842.
Currier pp. 293, 61 First book printing of "On the Death of Lucy Hooper"
(later "Lucy Hooper"). Whittier was friendly with this young poetess during
his abolitionist work in New York in 1837 and encouraged her writing. She was
apparently much attracted to Whittier but, after her death in 1841, he wrote
her sisters: "I admired and loved her; yet felt myself compelled to crush every
warmer feeling-poverty, protracted illness, and our separate faiths ... compel-
led me to steel myself against everything which tended to attract me" (Letters,
I, 513-514). Inscription, "Miss Harriot Ann Fischer, from William. 12th July
1842" on free endpaper. BAL 21724.

JGW 89 Joseph Sturge. A Visit to the UnitedStates in 1841.
London, 1842.
Currier p. 612. First book printings of prose pieces, "The Old School of
Abolitionists," pp. 11-13, "Editorial from the Pennsylvania Freeman on the
Burning of Pennsylvania Hall," pp. 43-45, and "The Present State of the
Anti-Slavery Cause," pp. 187-192. Whittier was Sturge's travelling companion
from April to July, 1841, as Sturge gathered material for this study of the slave


system in the United States. The affection and sympathy that developed be-
tween the two men was lifelong, and Sturge donated large sums to relieve
Whittier's financial burdens during the 1840's. Whittier later wrote three poems
about Sturge, one a eulogy, "In Remembrance of Joseph Sturge" (1859).
Signed, "S & R Sparkes," p. I I; bookplates of Frank Maier and George Frisbie
Whicher (1889-1954), biographer of Emily Dickinson. BAL 21721.

JGW 90 The Whig Almanac and United States Registerfor 1843.
New York [1842]
Currier p. 260. Original wrappers. First book printing of "He Is Not Fallen"
(earlier, "Henry Clay"), on back cover. Although Whittier had long since aban-
doned support for Clay, this 1830 poem was often reprinted in Clay's campaign
literature. BAL 21723.

JGW 91 John Keese. The Poets ofAmerica. Illustrated by One ofHer Painters.
New York, 1842.
See Currier pp. 299, 318; BAL 3280 (Clark). First book printing of "The
Merrimac," pp. 247-251; reprints "Palestine," pp. 201-204. These poems deal-
ing with a native Essex locale and local legends show Whittier's poetic use of
materials of his own region and personal background. BAL 21720.

J GW 92 Rufus Wilmot Griswold. The Poets andPoetry ofAmerica.
Philadelphia, 1842.
Currier pp. 228, 249, 336, and 611; BAL 6644. First book printings of "The
Cypress-Tree of Ceylon," p. 334; "Funeral Tree of the Sokokis," p. 335; and
"St. John," pp. 339-340. Reprints nine poems, pp. 322-339. Griswold's brief
biographical introduction is marred by factual errors (he even misdates Whit-
tier's birth, giving 1808). After a long quotation from Moll Pitcher he comments:
"[Whittier's] productions are all distinguished for manly vigor of thought and
language, and they breathe the true spirit of liberty." See JGW 142a for the
1850 edition of this book. Inscribed, "Samuel B. Croft to Eunice M. Fox
Portland, Me. June 22, 1842." BAL 21722.

JGW 92a Rufus Wilmot Griswold. Gems from American Poets.
New York, 1842.
BAL 6646. Reprints "To the Dying Year," p. 35, and "The Worship of Nature"
(first version), pp. 145-147.


JGW 93 Haverhill Gazette. February 25, 1843. Haverhill, 1843.
See Currier p. 330. Reprints "Raphael." Originally published in December,
1842, this tribute to the painter moralizes:
The pictures of the Past remain, -
Man's works shall follow him!
James Russell Lowell wrote to Whittier: "I like your poem 'Raphael' very much
indeed, perhaps better in some ways than any [other] poem of yours" (Wood-
well, pp. 146-147).

JGW 94 Epes Sargent. Sargent's New Monthly Magazine ofLiterature, Fash-
ion, and the Fine Arts. February, 1843. New York, 1843.
See Currier p. 358. Issues of Volume I,January-June, 1843, half leather. First
book printing of "To a Friend. On Her Return from Europe," p. 87. This
printing preceded the poem's publication in Lays of My Home, which was not
entered for copyright until May 29, 1843. First published in 1841, this poem
was written for Elizabeth Neal, who had been in Europe as a delegate to the
1840 World's Anti-Slavery Convention. Inscription on endpaper, "L. A.
Richardson's book. Presented by E. Swett. Oct. 28, 1845." Bookplate of Carroll
Atwood Wilson.

JGW 95 The Emancipator andFree American.June i, I843.
New York, 1843.
Currier p. 223. First prints "The Christian Slave," p. 20, a poem occasioned
by Whittier's reading about a slave auctioneer who recommended one of the
women for sale as a good Christian. Whittier ends his outcry against this
mockery with these lines:
Hoarse, horrible, and strong,
Rises to Heaven that agonizing cry,
Filling the arches of the hollow sky,
How long, 0 God, how long?

JGW 96 The EmancipatorandFree American.June 15, 1843.
New York, 1843.
Currier pp. 285-286. First prints "Lines in an Album," p. 28, a poem never
included in Whittier's collected works nor reprinted in his lifetime.


JGW97 Lays of My Home. Boston [June] 1843.
Currier pp. 47-49. Brown boards, dedicatory poem bound after contents pages.
Of the twenty-four poems in this collection, "ToJohn Pierpont" and "Chalkley
Hall" were printed for the first time, and fourteen were first published in book
form. With the publication of this volume Whittier established himself as a
poet, rather than an abolitionist versifier or editor-reformer. It included local
legends, ballads of the Puritan past, and introspective lyrics as well as reform
pieces. This book also initiated his life-long friendship with James T. Fields,
whose firm of William D. Ticknor (later Ticknor and Fields) was to publish
nearly all of Whittier's poetry. Whittier had written Fields in January, 1842,
inquiring about the possible publication of legends of the Merrimack, com-
menting: "I want it printed in first rate style or not at all. I am wholly unac-
quainted with booksellers, having never published any thing of consequence
... I wish it to be done well or not at all" (Letters, I, 538-539). Nothing resulted
from this inquiry, but in March, 1843, Whittier wrote again about a "small
volume of poems" that would contain only "incidental allusions" to slavery,
and Fields agreed to publish it (see Letters, I, 588-589 and 590-595). BA L 21727.

JGW 98 The Democratic Review. September, 1843. New York [1843]
Currier pp. 60-61, 423. Original wrappers. First prints essay, "New England
Supernaturalism, Parts I-III," pp. 279-284, an examination of folk legends,
superstitions, charms, witches' tales, and magicians which again showed Whit-
tier's increasing interest in native materials and his movement away from
abolitionist concerns. These essays were later expanded and revised for a book
edition, The Supernaturalism of New England (1847; JGW 120). Pickard gift.

JGW 99 The Song of the Vermonters. 1779.
Windsor, Vermont [October, 1843]
Currier pp. 49-53, 345. Pale green broadside. First separate printing of "The
Song of the Vermonters." Whittier had published the poem anonymously in
the New England Magazine forJune, 1833 (JGW 24), as an attempt at "literary
mystification" (Currier p. 50). Ten years later, the Vermont Historical and
Antiquarian Society presented the poem in this broadside form as an authentic
Ethan Allen ballad. Although Whittier had acknowledged authorship of the
piece by 1858, it continued to be printed as authentic (seeJGW 114 and 570
for later publications). In 1877, Whittier once again attempted to clear up the
controversy: "I was curious to see if it could be received as an old-time produc-
tion How at last it was discovered as mine, I cannot conceive, as I had


never owned it it is not without regret that I find the boy's practical joke
still alive and confronting me in late manhood" (Currier p. 50). This is one
of the five Whittiers bequeathed to PDH by Carroll A. Wilson, whose plate is
fixed to the protective case. PDH: "No other copy recorded." BAL 21728.

JGW 100 The Democratic Review. November, 1843. New York [1843]
Currier pp. 6o-61, 423. Original wrappers. First prints essay, "New England
Supernaturalism, Parts VI-VIII," pp. 515-520 (see also JGW 98 and 120).
Pickard gift.

JGW 101 Ballads, and Other Poems. London [April] 1844.
Currier p. 54. Red cloth, trimmed, yellow endpapers. Of the forty-six poems
in the collection, four are first printed in book form: "The New Wife and the
Old," "The Christian Slave," "Texas. Voice of New England," and "Stanzas
for the Times" ("The Sentence ofJ. L. Brown"). This first British printing of
Whittier's poems, arranged by Elizur Wright, Jr., is another indication of his
growing reputation. In his introduction Wright stressed Whittier's abolitionist
poems and his defense of liberty. (See Letters, I, 628-630, and 636-637, for
further comments on the publication of this book.) BAL 21729.

JGW 102 The Salem Register. October 14, 1844. Salem, 1844.
See Currier pp. 217, 299. Reprints "The Merrimac" (from Part I of "The Bridal
of Pennacook"). Whittier said of this long dramatization of an Indian legend
that it was "at least an American poem if nothing else" (Letters, II, 15) and he
hoped to have it issued in an illustrated single volume. This never occurred,
but many parts of it were issued as sheet music.

JGW 103 Haverhill Gazette. November 2, 1844. Haverhill, 1844.
See Currier pp. 217, 299. Reprints "The Merrimac." Signature, "G. Merrill,"
on p. I.

JGW 104 John S. Littell. The Clay Minstrel; orNational Songster.
New York, 1844.
Currier pp. 239, 260, 347, 349, 363-364, 612. Second edition. Original cloth
wrappers. Reprints "Star of the West" (otherwise "Henry Clay"), pp. 368-369,
and "Erect He Stands" (otherwise "Stanzas" and "To Henry Clay"), pp. 370-
371. Reprints of these 1830 and 1832 tributes to Clay appeared throughout his


political career, despite Whittier's repudiation of his former sentiments.
Bookplates of Walter Chrysler and Stephen H. Wakeman. Walter Percy
Chrysler, Jr. (b. 1909), sold his collection of books, letters, and manuscripts of
American authors in 1954. BAL 21733.

JGW 105 George W. Clark. The Liberty Minstrel. New York, 1844.
Currier pp. 241, 243, 247-248, 253, 348, 354, 388, 612; BAL I3046 (Lowell).
Two copies: copy A, embossed brown cloth; copy B, plain brown cloth. First
book printing of "Freedom's Gathering," pp. I64-165. Reprints of "Gone, Sold
and Gone" ("Farewell of a Virginia Slave Mother"), pp. [51-7; "Stanzas for
the Times," pp. 63-65; "Our Countrymen in Chains," pp. 76-77; "Voice of
New England" (excerpts from "Texas"), pp. 78-79; and "The Yankee Girl,"
pp. 160-163. Inscription, "from Uncle Warren by Judith 1874" in copy A.
Inscription on endpaper of copy B, "Susan E. Hoag from her Uncle W.C.
Capron March 15, 1845" and "W. K. Wright, May 1846 Northampton, Mass
(Bought of Dr. J. W. Smith's auction)." BAL 21731.

JGW 105a Rufus W. Griswold. Gems from the American Poets, with Brief
Biographical Notes. Philadelphia, 1844.
BAL 6657. Reprints "Raphael," "Democracy," and "Memories."

JGW 106 Voices of the True-Hearted. Philadelphia, 1844-1846.
Currier pp. 57-58,613. Two copies: copy A, issues from No. I to No. 18 (missing
pp. 3-16) bound; copy B, issues from No. I to No. 9 (missing pp. 19-22),
unbound. First prints essay, "The Slave Market at Washington," pp. [65]-67,
and reprints prose pieces, "The Factory Girls of Lowell," pp. 40-41; "The
Brotherhood of Man," pp. [491-50; "The Scottish Reformers," pp. 155-159;
"Sabbath in Lowell," pp. 162-164; and "The Beautiful," pp. [177]-178. Re-
prints twenty-two poems. BAL 21736.

JGW 107 Proceedings of a Convention of Delegates ... the 29th day ofJanuary
A.D. 1845 to Take into Consideration the Proposed Annexation of
Texas to the United States. Boston, 1845.
Currier p. 613. Original wrappers. Whittier is listed as one of the four secretaries
who prepared the report, "Address to the People of the United States." Like so
many of Whittier's essays, poems, and letters of this year, the report argued
against the admission of Texas as a slave state. BAL 22236.


JGW 108 The Democratic Review. March, 1845. New York [1845]
Currier p. 253. First prints "Gone," pp. 266-267, a poetic memorial to a young
Amesbury woman, Harriet Nelson Greeley, who died of fever on October 25,
1844. Pickard gift.

JGW 109 The Stranger in Lowell. Boston [July] 1845.
Currier pp. 55-56. Light brown wrappers, untrimmed. Of the eighteen essays
collected here, three are first printings: "The Yankee Zincali," pp. 61-74; "The
Farmer Poet of Windham," pp. 124-135; and "The Training," pp. 152-156.
All the other essays first appeared in the Middlesex Standard of Lowell, which
Whittier edited from 1844 to 1845. In his introduction, Whittier notes: "These
pages are a transcript-too free and frank perhaps-of impressions made on
his mind by the common incidents of daily life." Such sentiments repeat in
prose his movement toward native materials in Lays of My Home. BAL 21739.

JGW 110 The Branded Hand. [Philadelphia, August, 1845]
Currier pp. 56-58, 216-217. BAL I3050 (Lowell). Two printings: copy A,
printed by E. M. Davis with a notice of an anti-slavery meeting, and other
material, on back; copy B, printed at the office of the Anti-Slavery Bugle in Salem,
Ohio, with a list of new anti-slavery books on back. Separate printings of "The
Branded Hand." The leaflet also prints a prose account of the imprisonment
and branding of a Yankee sea captain, Jonathan Walker, for attempting to steal
(i.e., free) slaves. James Russell Lowell's "Lines on Reading of the Capture of
Certain Fugitive Slaves near Washington" follows Whittier's poem. See also
JGW 428. BAL 21740.

JGW 111 The Free State Rally and Texan Chain-Breaker. November 27 and
December 6, 1845. Boston, 1845.
Currier pp. 308, 366. Vol. I, Nos. 3 and 4, unbound. First prints "To Massachu-
setts," p. 12, and "New Hampshire," p. 18. These poems were occasioned by
the presidential and congressional elections of 1844. Whittier's support for the
abolitionist Liberty Party is also echoed. BAL 21741.

JGW 112 Lewis Clarke. Narrative of the Sufferings of Lewis Clarke ..
among the Algerines of Kentucky. Boston, 1845.
Currier pp. 426, 613. Original wrappers. First book printing of prose, "What
Is Slavery?" pp. 87-92. BAL 21738.


JGW 113 Report of the Massachusetts Committee to Prevent the Admission of
Texas as a Slave State. [Boston, 1846]
Currier p. 614. Stitched pamphlet without wrappers, 12 pp., 21.7 x 14.6 cm.
Lists Whittier and forty-two others in an account of the failed efforts to prevent
the admission of Texas as a slave state. It contains a full report of Whittier's
and Henry Wilson's trip to Washington in December, 1845, to lobby against
admission. BAL 22239.

JGW 114 Deficiencies in Our History. Montpelier [October] 1846.
Currier pp. 51, 614. Original wrappers. First book printing of "Song of the
Vermonters," pp. [34]-36. The poem was printed in an appendix along with
other authentic historical materials, following an address by James D. Butler
to the Vermont Historical and Antiquarian Society. SeeJGW 99 and 570. BAL

JGW 114a Trial and Imprisonment of onathan Walker. Boston, 1846.
See Currier pp. 56-58. Prints "The Branded Hand," pp. 107-o18, not in
edition dated "1845." BAL 21750.

JGW 115 Voices of Freedom. Philadelphia, 1846.
Currier pp. 58-60. Two copies: copy A, original paper covers with eleven
corrections and deletions in Whittier's hand, pp. 35, 36, 45, 81, 91, 123, i6i,
188, and 19o; copy B, original green cloth. First prints "To James G. Birney,"
pp. [1 19]-120; "Lines from a Letter to a Young Clerical Friend," pp. [ 58]-r 59;
and "Daniel Neall," pp. [19 ]-192. Of the remaining forty-four poems, twelve
are first book printings. Called "The Fourth and Complete Edition," this
volume was a new compilation from Poems (1837), Poems (1838), and Lays of
My Home. Whittier later claimed that it was issued without his knowledge or
consent, but there were substantive textual changes in at least eight poems,
suggesting the author's hand. In addition, in aJanuary, 1846, letter, Whittier
directs Ann Wendell to send a group of his poems to Thomas Cavander, who
published this book (Letters, II, 5). The title was appropriate, since most of the
poems were inspired by politics or reform. Whittier's writing at this time well
merited James Russell Lowell's commentary in his 1848 Fable for Critics:
Our Quaker leads off metaphorical flights
For reform and whatever they call human rights,


Both singing and striking in front of the war,
And hitting his foes with the mallet of Thor.
Bookplates of Walter Chrysler and John A. Spoor (185 1-1926), a noted book
collector. BAL 21747.

JGW 116 Rufus Wilmot Griswold. Scenes in the Life of the Savior by the
Poets and Painters. Philadelphia, 1846.
BAL 6672. Two copies. Copy A, green cloth; copy B, brown cloth. Reprints
"L'envoi" (otherwise "Palestine"), pp. [2371-240. Signature, "J. Wigglesworth,
19 Franklin Place, Boston" (copy A).

JGW 117 The Missionary Memorial. New York, 1846.
Currier pp. 229, 614. Reprints "A Memorial" ("Daniel Wheeler"), pp. [3 ]-36.
Signature, "Mary O. Loud." BAL 21745.

JGW 118 [Edward Zane Carroll Judson] Magdalena, or the Beautiful
Mexican Maid, A Story ofBuena Vista. New York, 1846 [1847]
Pseud.: Ned Buntline. Not in Currier; Wright I, pp. 162-163. Rebound pam-
phlet, original wrappers retained. First prints "The Angels of Buena Vista,"
pp. [78]-8o. PDH: "When shown to Mr. Currier in 1940 he said that he had
never heard of it before." Whittier wrote the poem after reading an account of
a Mexican woman who was helping both Americans and Mexicans after the
battle. In Whittier's version the Mexican woman leaves her own dead husband
to care for a dying American soldier who murmurs "mother" before expiring.
BAL 21755.

JGW 119 The National Era. 7January 1847-28 December 1849.
Washington, 1847, 1848, 1849.
Currier pp. 475-481. Contemporary half leather; some numbers inserted. For
1847: first prints "Randolph of Roanoke" (January 7), "A Dream of Summer"
and "Song of Slaves in the Desert" (January 2 ), "Barclay of Ury" (March
4), "To Delaware" (March 18), "Yorktown" (April 15), "What the Voice Said"
(April 22), "The Angel of Patience" (May 13), "Forgiveness," "My Thanks,"
and "The Sea Serpent" (July i), "The Lost Statesman" (September 16), "The
Drovers" (November I), and "The Huskers" (December 16). Reprint [?] of
"The Angels of Buena Vista" (May 20) [see JGW 118]. For 1848: first prints
"The Slaves of Martinique" (January 13), "To a Southern Statesman" (Jan-


uary 27), "The Crisis" (March 30), "The Holy Land" (April 6), "The Curse
of the Charter-Breakers" (May 4), "Blind Will of Newichawannock" (June
15), "The Knight of St. John" (July 27), "Autumn Thoughts" (August 31),
"Paean" (September 7), "This Lonesome Lake" (October 12), "A Song for the
Time" (October 19), "The Wish of To-day" (November 30), and "The Peace
Convention at Brussels" (December 14). For 1849: first prints "On Receiving
an Eagle's Quill from Lake Superior" (February 8), "The Legend of St. Mark"
(May 3), "The Men of Old" (June 14), "The Lakeside" (July 19), "To Pius
IX" (August 16), "Calef in Boston" (September 20), "Our State" (November
I), and "To Fredrika Bremer" (November 15). Whittier also contributed ninety-
two prose pieces, consisting of essays, fiction, reviews, letters, brief comments,
and editorial notes to the paper in 1847; fifty-eight prose pieces in 1848; and
thirty prose pieces in 1849. See Currier for a full listing with dates. InJanuary
of 1847 the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society began publication of
this abolitionist weekly under the editorship of Gamaliel Bailey. Whittier, along
with Amos A. Phelps, was named a corresponding editor, which meant that
he was a regular contributor who had nothing to do with editorial policy and
no specific assignments. Whittier's position guaranteed him enough income to
support his family, while remaining with them at Amesbury. Although the Era
stressed political matters and abolitionist news, it had a decided literary em-
phasis. From 1847 to 1857 it published nearly all of Whittier's new prose and
poetry and printed original works by Hawthorne, Harriet B. Stowe, Alice Cary,
Gail Hamilton, and Lucy Larcom. Signatures ofJohn P Hale, 1847 and 1848,
signatures of G. E. Smith and L. Parsons, 1848.John Parker Hale (1806- 873)
was elected as the first distinctly anti-slavery senator in 1847.

JGW 120 The Supernaturalism ofNew England.
New York, London [January] 1847.
Currier pp. 60-61. Originally printed in the September, October, and
November issues of the United States Magazine and Democratic Review, 1843 (see
JGW 98 and 100), these tales were somewhat expanded and enlarged here.
First prints "Dedication" ("To My Sister"), p. [v]-vi; reprints "The New Wife
and the Old," pp. 31-35, and an excerpt from "The Bridal of Pennacook," pp.
4-5. Whittier's introduction clearly states his intentions: "To enlarge my
magazine papers into a volume embracing present superstitions and still current
traditions of New England, in the hopes that it may hereafter furnish
materials for the essayist and poet." He further notes that although affected by
the "innocent nature and simple poetic beauty" of these tales, he would expose
their errors and prevent any "pernicious credulity" in the reader's mind. In his


review of this volume in The Literary World (April 17, 1847), Nathaniel Haw-
thorne criticizes Whittier especially on these grounds: his moral tone and apolo-
getic manner of relating the tales do an injustice to their charm and literary
appeal. SeeJGW MS 21 for comments on publication of this book. BAL 21753.

JGW 121 William and Mary Howitt. Howitt'sJournal of Literature and
Popular Progress. October i, 1847; November1i, 1847.
London, 1847.
See Currier pp. 411 42, 427. Reprints "A Mormon Conventicle," pp. 157-158,
and "Singular Sects. Fathee [sic] Miller" ("The World's End"), pp. 230-232.

JGW 122 J.C. Lovejoy. MemoirofRev. Charles T Torrey. Boston, 1847.
Currier pp. 424, original cloth. Reprints prose "Conclusion" ("The Prisoner
Is Dead"), pp. 298-299, Whittier's eulogy for Charles Torrey, an abolitionist
minister who was caught helping slaves escape and died in prison on May 9,
1846. BAL 21756.

JGW 123 Henry W. Longfellow. The Estray. A Collection ofPoems.
Boston, 1847.
See Currier p. 330; BAL 12088, HWL 110. Glazed cream cloth, wanting label.
Reprints "Raphael," pp. 16-20. Inscribed by Longfellow, "Anne L. Pierce.Jan.
i, 1847." Inscriptions: "To G. A. Pierce, 1854" and "Georgiana Pierce, Port-
land." Anne Longfellow Pierce (1810-1906), Longfellow's sister, married
George W. Pierce (1805-1835), a classmate of Longfellow at Bowdoin.

JGW 124 John Keese. The Opal. A Pure Gif fortheHolydays.
New York, 1847.
Currier pp. 387, 614; BAL 12087 (Longfellow). First prints "Worship," pp.
[23o]-232, condemning religious ceremonies and ornaments:
O brother man! fold to thy heart thy brother;
Where pity dwells, the peace of God is there;
To worship rightly is to love each other,
Each smile a hymn, each kindly deed a prayer.
BAL 21751.


JGW 125 Poems. Boston, 1849 [i.e., 1848]
Currier pp. 61-65. Two copies: copy A, decorated red cloth; copy B, rebound.
Of the o6 poems in this edition, only the "Proem," p. [iii]- iv, is a first printing,
while "The Bridal of Pennacook," pp. [91-3 is reprinted in its entirety for the
first time. Eighteen poems are first book printings. This edition by Benjamin
B. Mussey collects Whittier's complete poems, beautifully printed and illus-
trated with nine engravings. It had a large sale and went into a number of
reprintings, furthering Whittier's reputation as a poet, rather than a reformer.
In the "Proem," Whittier analyzed with his usual honesty the limitations of
his art, commenting:
The rigor of a frozen clime,
The harshness of an untaught ear,
The jarring words of one whose rhyme
Beat often labor's hurried time,
Or duty's march through storm and strife, are here.
If, indeed, as he states, his best gifts had been laid on freedom's shrine, his
dedication to the abolitionist cause brought poetic strength: it pared away his
sentimental leanings, toughened his derivative phrasings, and disciplined his
fiery emotions. Copy A, inscribed "William Jackson from his friend and neigh-
bor. C. Sanders." WilliamJackson (1783-1855), a Massachusetts businessman
and Congressman, was a pioneer in the temperance movement and other re-
forms. Copy B, inscribed "N. C. Thom, Lowell, 1849." Pickard gift. BAL 21765.

JGW 126 "The Dark Eye Has Left Us. "Song of the Indian Women.
Boston, 1848.
Currier pp. 572-573. Sheet music. First separate printing of an excerpt from
"The Bridal of Pennacook," pp. 2-7, music by William R. Dempster. In 1846
Whittier had sent a copy of his poem to Dempster, who set it to music for his
book, Dempster's Original Ballad Soirees (Boston, 1847). See Letters, II, 8. The
earliest known musical setting of a Whittier poem. Many of Whittier's poems,
especially the religious ones, were set to music, and some are still sung in church.
BAL 21759.

JGW 127 J. G. Adams. Our Day. A Gift for the Times. Boston, 1848.
Currier p. 333. Original gold stamped cloth. First prints "The Reward," pp.
62-63. BAL 21758.


JGW 128 John Prince. A Wreath for St. Crispin: Being Sketches of Eminent
Shoemakers. Boston, 1848.
Currier p. 339, 614. Original stamped cloth. First book printing of "The
Shoemakers," pp. [9]-12. Reprints nine poems and eight brief prose excerpts
from "The Supernaturalism of New England" and "The Stranger in Lowell,"
all under new titles; "Religion Is Everything," pp. 209-210; "Spiritualizing
Influences of Sickness," pp. 210-21 ; "The Poetry of Brainard," p. 211; "Irk-
someness of Periodical Writing," pp. 211-212; "Elements of Poetry in
America," pp. 212-213; "Aunt Morse's Apparition," pp. 213-216; "Decline of
Belief in Witchcraft," pp. 216-217; and "Goodness Is the True Beauty," pp.
217-218. The selections are preceded by a biographical sketch, pp. 178-184.
Inscribed, "B. P. Poore, Esq. Ed. of the Daily Bee, with the regards of the
author." Benjamin P Poore (1820-1887),journalist and author, became a noted
Washington correspondent after his editorship of the Boston Daily Bee and other
papers. BAL 21764.

JGW 129 The Free Soil Minstrel. New York, 1848.
Currier pp. 247-248. Original cloth. Reprints, set to music, of "Free Soil
Gathering," pp. 26-28; "Gone," pp. 35-37; "Stanzas for the Times," pp. 104-
o16; "Voice of New England," pp. 117-I 18; "Our Countrymen in Chains,"
pp. I 19-120; "The Yankee Girl," pp. 176-179; and "The Branded Hand," pp.
200-202. Signature, "Robt Douglass."

JGW 130 Leavesfrom Margaret Smith'sJournal. Boston [February] 1848.
Currier pp. 65-66. Two copies: copy A, early state with two engraved portraits
inserted as frontispiece and illustration opposite p. 3, one of two copies recorded
by Currier; copy B, without portraits. First prints "Kathleen," pp. 167-171;
reprints "The Knight of St. John" (here titled "Verses Writ .. ."), pp. 79-81,
"Autumn Thoughts" (here untitled), pp. 131-132, and "Blind Will of
Newichawannock," pp. 31-33. Another poem, "This Lonesome Lake," pp.
176-177, is tentatively attributed to Whittier (Currier p. 355). This novel
was originally published serially in The National Era from June until November,
1848, as "Stray Leaves from Margaret Smith's Diary in the Colony of Massa-
chusetts." Whittier's pose as the editor of historical material induced many
readers to accept this as an authentic seventeenth-century journal, despite
Whittier's comments in the Era about "inaccuracies in relation to persons,
places, and dates." For the book edition he was more specific, commenting that
many passages seemed to be of a recent origin and "cast a shadow of a doubt


over the entire narrative." This work not only displayed Whittier's antiquarian
knowledge and historical skill, but through the eyes of his narrator imaginatively
recreated the spirit and distinctive qualities of the Puritan colony. Copy A,
inserted A.L.s. by Henry G. Storer (Sept. 6, 1849), commenting on the book;
a clipped autograph signature of Edward Rawson, p. [5]; and an autograph
seventeenth-century document attested by Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury be-
tween pp. 94-95. Throughout, extensive marginalia and other markings. See
alsoJGW ANA 34. Copy B, bookplate of LydiaJackson Dale, signature, "Lydia
C. Storrow." BAL 21766.

JGW 131 The Salem Register. August 13, 1849. Salem, 1849.
See Currier p. 179. Reprints "The Lakeside," one of Whittier's earliest descrip-
tions of the New Hampshire countryside around Lake Ossipee, which became
his favorite vacation spot in the 187o's.

JGW 132 Daily Herald. August 28, 1849. Newburyport, 1849.
See Currier p. 367. Reprints "To Pius IX." This poem bitterly attacks the pope
who had used French troops to overthrow the newly-created Roman Republic.
Whittier calls him "the Nero of our time," and "Scandal of the World"; he later
attached a headnote to the poem saying he was "no enemy of Catholics," but
only of Pius IX.

JGW 133 Order of Exercises, at the Dedication of the Newbury High School
House. Newburyport [November, 1849]
Currier pp. 67, 316. Single sheet, 31.5 x 19.5 cm., pale green paper. First
separate printing of "Original Hymn." The original title, "Dedication of a
Schoolhouse," was soon changed to "Massachusetts," and finally, "Our State"
for its inclusion in The Songs of Labor, and Other Poems (1850). Whittier had
relatives in Newbury and the minister of the First Church was a friend; his
poem praising education was read during the dedication ceremonies. BAL 21767.

JGW 134 Salem Register. November 8, 1849. Salem, 1849.
Currier pp. 67, 316. Reprints "Dedication of a Schoolhouse." See JGW 133.

JGW 135 The Friend of Youth. December, 1849. Washington, 1849.
Currier p. 381. First prints "The Well of Loch Maree," p. 13, a ballad about
the curative powers of a holy well in the Hebrides.


JGW 136 The National Era. 3January 1850-25 December 1851.
Washington, 1850, 1851.
Currier pp. 197, 215, 222, 238, 260, 268, 269, 271, 287, 302, 326, 335-336,
357, 360, 386, 412, 481-482. Contemporary half leather. For i85o: first prints
"Elliott" (January io), "Lines on the Portrait of a Celebrated Publisher" (April
4), "Ichabod" (May 2), "The Hill-Top" (May 30), "A Sabbath Scene" (June
27), "All's Well" (July 18), "To Avis Keene" (August 22), "Derne" (September
26), and "In the Evil Days" (December 12). Whittier also contributed twenty
prose pieces, including literary reviews, political essays, historical articles, and
international notes. Of the nine poems, three have a moral intensity and prophe-
tic manner that transmutes their topical abolitionist material into poetry.
"Ichabod," occasioned by Whittier's shock over Daniel Webster's defense of
the Fugitive Slave Law, blends Biblical allusions, light-dark imagery, and a
controlled elegiac tone to mourn Webster's betrayal of freedom. "In the Evil
Days" and "A Sabbath Scene" also passionately denounce the enforcement of
this law and demonstrate the gap between democratic ideals and political
reality. For 1851: first prints "The Chapel of Hermits" (March 6), "Invocation"
(April io), "Moloch in State Street" (May 22), "Wordsworth" (June 12), "In
Peace" (July 3), "To -, Lines Written After a Summer Day's Excursion"
(July 24), "Benedicite" and "The Prisoner of Naples" (October 16), and "Kos-
suth" (December 4). Whittier also published ten prose pieces (five of them
literary reviews), and three chapters from his sentimental fiction, "My Summer
with Dr. Singletary." Poems like "The Chapel of Hermits" and "Invocation"
deal with religious problems, while "Wordsworth" and "To -" reflect the
beauty Whittier found in the simple things of nature. The themes and interests
in these poems suggest his movement away from abolitionist and reform verses.
Signatures, "George H. Witherle, Castine," and "C. G. Smith."

JGW 137 Old Portraits and Modem Sketches. Boston [January] I850.
Currier pp. 68-69. Two copies. All ten essays in this volume are reprints of
brief biographical sketches of famous Quaker leaders and literary figures, in-
cluding Andrew Marvell, John Bunyan, and Robert Dinsmore; two of them,
"William Leggett" and "Nathaniel Peabody Rogers," eulogize contemporary
reformers. Fields suggested this publication in the summer of 1849, and Whit-
tier replied, "I have a mass of material, but it's like Chaos without form, and
what is worse oftentimes void" (Letters, II, 142). After publication, Whittier
remarked to a friend, "I send thee with this a little book of mine. I wish it was
better, but it is as good as the writer, I fear. Much of it was written under
circumstances very unfavorable" (Letters, II, 148). Copy A inscribed, "Thos.


W. Higginson from his friend the Author January i, 1850" on free front end-
paper. On p. 304 is a note by Higginson: "I have 'Poems by the Rustic Bard'
by Robert Dinsmoor, Haverhill, 1828. There is at p. 248 of this, a poem by
J.G.W. in the Scottish dialect." Copy B inscribed, "D. A. Bruce from Rev.
G. E. Ellis." BAL 21769.

JGW 138 The Liberator. May 17, 1850. Boston, 185o.
Currier p. 432. First prints a letter to William Lloyd Garrison, dated May 13,
1850, p. 89. It contains Whittier's defense of the rights of free speech for the
abolitionists (see Letters, II, 155-156).

J GW 139 June 1850. A Tractfor the Times. A Sabbath Scene.
Haverhill? [June, 1850]
Currier pp. 69, 335-336. First separate printing of "A Sabbath Scene." One
of Whittier's more emotional abolitionist pieces, this poem describes a fugitive
slave denied asylum in a church and returned to her Southern pursuer by the
minister and his congregation. This broadside, distributed throughout the coun-
try, helped arouse the North to the injustices of the newly-strengthened Fugitive
Slave Laws. Bookplate of Carroll Atwood Wilson. BAL 21770.

JGW 140 Songs of Labor, and Other Poems. Boston [August] 1850.
Currier pp. 69-71. Two copies: copy A, publisher's catalogue sewn in; copy B,
rebound in three-quarter leather. First prints "Dedication," pp. [5]-7, and
"Seed-Time and Harvest," pp. [ i18]-1 19; nineteen poems are first book print-
ings. The title of the volume, the six poems devoted to various laborers, and
many of the remaining poems demonstrate Whittier's increasing use in his
poetry of native and legendary material. "The Dedication" expresses Whittier's
more complex views about the nature of poetry: "Art's perfect forms no moral
need; / And Beauty is its own excuse"; and in one stanza he recites his credo:
So haply, these, my simple lays
Of homely toil, may serve to show
The orchard bloom and tasselled maize
That skirt and gladden duty's ways,
The unsung beauty hid life's common things below.
Inscription, copy A, "Dona S. Foster. A present from her affectionate husband.
March 8th 1851." Copy B, corrections in Whittier's hand on pp. 33 and 49;
Pickard gift. BAL 21771.


JGW 141 The Friend of Youth. November, 1850. Washington, 1850.
Not in Currier. First prints a brief note, praising the writings of Hans Christian
Andersen, and introducing Andersen's poem, "Wild Horses," p. 6.

JGW 142 The Poetical Works of ohn G. Whittier, Author of "Old Portraits,"
Etc. London, 1850.
Currier p. 67. George Routledge & Co.'s reprint of Mussey's edition of Poems
(JGW 125) suggests Whittier's increasing British reputation. Reissued in 1852
and 1853. BAL 22248.

JGW 142a Rufus Wilmot Griswold. The Poets and Poetry of America, to
the Middle of the Nineteenth Century. Philadelphia, 1850.
Second edition, revised. BAL 6644. Reprints 22 poems. In this edition Griswold
almost doubled the number of Whittier's poems, and revised his biographical
introduction. See JGW 92 for the 1842 edition. Bookplate ofJustin Winsor.

JGW 143 Whittier's Old-Time Poem, Cassandra Southwick. [N.p. 1850]
Currier pp. 67-68, 222. Four-page leaflet. First separate printing. BAL 22459.

JGW 144 James T. Fields. The Boston Book. Being Specimens of Metropoli-
tan Literature. Boston, 1850.
See Currier pp. 277 and 428; BAL 5929. Reprints "Kathleen," pp. [39]-43,
and the prose "Yankee Zincali," pp. [240]-252. Other authors are Longfellow,
Holmes, Lowell, Dana, and Hawthorne.

JGW 144a Memory and Hope. Boston, 1850.
BAL 4:324 (Holmes). Reprints "The Angel of Patience," pp. 3-4, and "Gone,"
pp. 98-o11. Dedicated to the memory of loved ones, this volume also includes
verse by Lowell, Emerson, and Longfellow.

JGW 145 The National Era. iJanuary 1852-29 December 1853.
Washington, 1852, 1853.
Currier pp. 199, 200, 228, 235, 260, 323, 329, 330, 350, 353, 373, 412, 482.
Contemporary half leather. For 1852: first prints "The Peace of Europe" (Feb-
ruary 12), "The Cross" (February 26), "April" (April 29), "Questions of Life"


(May 6), "Pictures" (August 19), "Astraea" (October 14), and "The Poor Voter
on Election Day" (December 23). Whittier also published six literary reviews,
two more installments of "My Summer with Dr. Singletary," and four other
prose pieces. For 1853: first prints "Trust" (February 3), "Official Piety" (March
24), "Tauler" (April 21), "The Hero" (April 28), "Rantoul" (July 14), "The
Dream of Pio Nono" (August 25), and "Summer by the Lakeside" (September
29). Whittier also printed fourteen prose pieces, five of which were literary
reviews. Whittier's increasing interest in nature and pre-occupation with reli-
gious questions is evident. Signature, "George H. Witherle, Castine," through-

JGW 146 Daily Herald. June 8, 1852. Newburyport, 1852.
Currier p. 72. First prints "Resolutions," concerning the Salisbury-Amesbury
strike. The paper also includes a communication "To the Public" from the
Overseers of the Salisbury Manufacturing Corporation, explaining their side
of the issue. For further accounts of the strike, see following entries and JGW
ANA 78.

JGW 147 Circular. [Amesbury, June, 1852]
Currier pp. 72, 615. Four-page leaflet, no other copy recorded. In early June,
1852, workers for the Salisbury Manufacturing Company in both Salisbury
and Amesbury, Massachusetts, went out on strike to protest the removal of
mid-morning break privileges. Committees supporting the workers were ap-
pointed from both towns, and Whittier drew up resolutions for presentation at
a meeting of citizens on June 5. Two weeks later the joint committees issued
this circular containing a petition to the General Court of Massachusetts for
legislation shortening the hours of labor. Whittier's name heads the list of
signers (p. I), and it is probable that he wrote the circular. Despite this appeal,
the strike was broken by the importation of new immigrant workers and the
petition for a ten-hour-a-day work load failed. The text is followed by the names
of the two towns Amesbury and Salisbury, in Whittier's hand on p. 2, with
lined sheets for signatures; no signatures appear, however, on this copy. BAL

JGW 148 A Succinct Account of the Late Difficulties on the Salisbury Corpora-
tion. Salisbury [July] 1852.
Currier pp. 72, 615. One of two known copies. Reprints "The Resolutions"


drawn up by Whittier, p. io, "The Circular," p. I I, and first prints Whittier's
letter, dated July 8, 1852, to Ophelia Underwood, p. 16. In his letter Whittier
declines an invitation to a lev6e in support of the discharged workers, asserts
his belief in the reduction of working hours, and comments: "With very few
exceptions, the operatives have the cordial sympathy of our citizens. This fact
is a strong testimony to their good conduct and respectability. It shows too,
that ours is essentially a republican community. We have no privileged class,
no petty village aristocracy ... In this respect ours is a model manufacturing
village" (Letters, II, 192). Also prints a letter to Whittier from Thomas
Wentworth Higginson, dated July 8, 1852, endorsing the rights of workers to
combine and bargain with management. BAL 21779.

JGW 149 Little Eva; Uncle Tom's Guardian Angel.
Boston, Cleveland [July] 1852.
Currier pp. 72, 575-576. Sheet music. Seven copies in six states. First separate
printing of six stanzas from "Little Eva," pp. [1-4], set to music by Manuel
Emilio. Whittier had praised Uncle Tom's Cabin as an "immortal book" (Letters,
II, 2o0), and like many other poets, wrote a sentimental tribute to the heroine.
The poem was first published in The Villager, July 22, 1852. BAL 21776.

JGW 150 Little Eva Song. Uncle Tom's Guardian Angel.
Boston [September] 1852.
Currier p. 576. Broadside, 31.2 x 30.6 cm., sheet music printed on cotton cloth.
Cloth copies recorded at Harvard, Yale, and Haverhill. Reprints six stanzas
from "Little Eva," with music by Manuel Emilio. BAL 22249. PLATE II.

JGW 151 Leeds Anti-Slavery Series. Nos. 0, 21, 43, 52.
[Leeds, England, 1852-1853]
Currier pp. 72-73. No. 43 in wrappers (2 copies); others without wrappers.
First separate, anonymous (pirated?) printings of "The Farewell," pp. 2-4 (No.
Io); "Clerical Oppressors," pp. 2-3 (No. 21); "The Slave Ship," pp. [ ]-4 (No.
43); and "The Christian Slave," pp. 2-4 (No. 52). Each number is an undated
four-page leaflet with caption title; eighty-two of these "tracts" were gathered
into one volume in 1853 (not present). Texts differ stylistically from Routledge's
London, 1850, Poetical Works, JGW 142. BAL 22460, 22462, 22467, 22537.




masPT^.yUm IIIBann

DrytIh t.e for ho ly R re! Wit&sheble eaIr leb,*r.bor, Ofth.b man.eete&andfir.Give to.wthtte t.a4dr uee. ar

,pIe leeksa B r, l he ma; nnysotthLindpivhe hk low'ry pillow of a p OnaBrm All i light and peae with Eva, Gentrle .E, loving E
Thee he darkner cometh never, Child confet, tru, ben. ,
Tee W viped and fetter. tll. Ltenr t the Metur' hIk..
And the d a in l Sufer such to oe to me,"
Weep no snore tS hippy Er.; Oh fo. faith like thine, sweet Eva,
Wrong *nd siu n nomore shll griee hr, Lightmng all the ioleim rivr,
Coare eud polori nod a eoric eC And the blesin U of the pr
Let o lubte o m nar urle. WaftiDg to the havely *ha
Ea dor g toAetoro e. the year 2, by Jo P. Jrtwr C., in teCb.ek'e O.ffie the Diieot Coat ef the f Dtri uu Ml aehM.rE

PLATE II: BROADSIDE ON COTTON CLOTH of Little Eva Song, 1852 (JGW 150).

JGW 152 The Chapel ofthe Hermits, and Other Poems.
Boston [February] 1853.

Currier pp. 73-74. Two copies. Of the twenty-six poems in this collection, three
were first printings: "Remembrance," pp. [0o]-92; "First Day Thoughts," pp.
[i02]-103; and "To My Old Schoolmaster," pp. 106-114. Twenty-one first
book printings. Printing of the book was completed by September, but publica-


tion was delayed until after the Christmas holidays (Letters, II, 211 ). Whittier
sent an advance copy to Harriet Beecher Stowe with this comment: "I send
herewith a little vol of mine-in advance of its publication which I would be
obliged to thee to notice in the Independent when thou canst find leisure to
look at it. I suppose we should not quite think alike on doctrinal matters, but
I trust we agree in the orthodoxy of practical Christianity. The book has faults,
I am well and painfully aware, but I have been too severely ill to be able to
correct them" (Letters, II, 213). He also asked Thomas Wentworth Higginson
to review it and then wrote Higginson: "I did a very silly thing in asking thee
to notice my little book ... let it take its chance. I have no desire to trouble my
friends with it" (Letters, II, 214). One revealing new poem, "To My Old School-
master," was a tender tribute to Joshua Coffin, who was one of Whittier's
earliest teachers and introduced him to Burns's poetry. SeeJGW ANA 40 and
46 for Coffin. Copy A inscribed, "Mrs. Marion A. Custis with respects of
Danl. N. Haskell, 1853." Daniel Haskell (18 18-1874), then editor of the Boston
Transcript, was from Newburyport and was a friend of Joshua Coffin. Copy B
(rebound), Pickard gift. BAL 21780.

JGW 153 H. C. Foster. An Excursion Among the Poets. Richmond [1853]
Not in Currier. First book printing of "Tauler," pp. 275-278, and reprint of
"The Angel of Patience," pp. 278-279. Bookplate of "M. Scofield"; signature,
"David Creamer, Oct. '73."

JGW 154 Julia Griffiths. Autographsfor Freedom. Boston, 1853.
Currier pp. 333-334, 380, 615. Two copies with differing cover designs. First
prints last six lines from "Rhymes. For S[arah]. Lewis" (here "The Way"), p.
23. Below the poem is a facsimile of Whittier's signature. BAL 21781.

JGW 155 The National Era. 5January 1854-27 December 1855.
Washington, 1854, 1855-
Currier pp. 199, 219, 244, 245, 249, 255, 260, 276, 296-297, 298, 304, 330,
331, 377, 384, 412, 483-484. Contemporary half leather. For 1854: first prints
"The Haschish" (January 3), "The Voices" (January 5), "A Memory" (Janu-
ary 28), "Burns" (February 13), "The Ranger" (May 20), "William Foster"
(July 17), "The Kansas Emigrants" (July 29), "The Hermit of the Thebaid"
(August 17), "The Fruit-Gift" (October 26), "To Charles Sumner" (December
7), and "Maud Muller" (December 28); twelve prose pieces, including four
literary reviews and the last installment of "My Summer with Dr. Singletary."


"Maud Muller" remains one of Whittier's most famous and imitated poems.
The popularity of this sentimental tale of lost love and the beauty of pastoral
life surprised Whittier. "I do not know how it is but that simple, careless (so
far as mere composition goes) ballad finds more favor than my most elaborate
pieces" (Letters, II, 290, and seeJGW MS 35). For 1855: first prints "For Right-
eousness' Sake" (January I I), "Flowers in Winter" (February 8), "My Dream"
(May 24), and "Arisen at Last" (June 7); three prose pieces. "For Righteousness'
Sake" and "Arisen at Last" were both occasioned by political events favorable
to the abolitionists at this time, while "My Dream" offered religious consolation
for the terrors of death. Signature, "George H. Witherle, Castine" throughout.

JGW 156 The Kanzas [sic] Emigrants. [Boston, July, 1854]
See Currier pp. 75-76. I page, 29.2 x 18.3 cm., advertisements on verso,
decorative figures of an eagle and a banner. First separate printing, with four
lines of music. This poem, like others written by Whittier at this time, reflects
the country's concern with the civil strife occurring in the Kansas-Nebraska
territories as they struggled to determine whether they would become slave or
free states. BAL 21785. PLATE III.

JGW 157 The Herald of Gospel Liberty. September 2 1, I854.
Newburyport, 1854.
See Currier pp. 260, 276. Reprints "The Kansas Emigrants" (here, "The
Kansas Emigrant Song") and "The Hermit of the Thebaid." Signature, "Han-
nah Rowell," on front page.

JGW 158 Literary Recreations and Miscellanies.
Boston [September] 1854.
Currier pp. 76-77. First edition with advertisements dated April. This volume
contained no new material; all of the thirty-five prose pieces had been printed
in the National Era, The Stranger in Lowell, and The Supernaturalism of New England.
Whittier wrote Fields in 1853 that he had materials enough for two volumes
and they exchanged letters about the book in the spring of 1854 (Letters, II,
253-256). The first volume's sale did not warrant publication of the second.
Hawthorne commented about the collection, "Whittier's book is poor stuff. I
like the man, but have no high opinion of either his poetry or his prose"
(Woodwell, p. 252). This edition was Whittier's last significant collection of
prose pieces before his collected writings in 1888. BAL 21786.


By J. G. Whittier. Auld Lang Syne.

We cross the prai -rie as of old 'The Pil- grimscrossed the

sea, To make the west, as they the east, The home-stead of the

free. The homestead of the free, my boys, The homestead of the free; To

make the west, as they the east, The home-stead of the free.
We go to rear'a wall of men Upbearing, like the ark of old,
On freedom's southern line, The Bible in our van,
And plant beside the cotton tree We go to test the truth of God
The rugged northern pine. Against the fraud of man.
We're flowing from our native hills, No pause nor rest, save where the streams
As our free rivers flow; That feed the Kanzas run,
The blessing of our mother land Save where our pilgrim gonfalon
Is on us as we go. Shall flout the settmg sun.
We go to plant her common schools We'll sweep the prairie as of old
On distant prairie swells, Our fathers swept the sea,
And give the Sabbaths of the wild And make the west, as they the east,
The music of her bells. The homestead of the free.
N. B. Erig u Aid Maspons's O affi No. T WIPnt StrdA 2 To. H. WM, Swenty.

PLATE III: ANTI-SLAVERY IN THE WEST, 1854, Whittier's poem set to music
(JGW 156).


JGW 159 We Cross the Prairie as of Old. Song of the Kansas Emigrants.
Boston [1854]
Currier pp. 276, 578. Sheet music. Reprints the first two stanzas of"The Kansas
Emigrants" (here "We Cross the Prairie as of Old") with other anonymous
verses added. Music by M. D. Sullivan. BAL 21785.

JGW 160 A Sabbath Scene. Boston, 1854.
Currier pp. 75, 335-336. Original green wrappers. First separate printing. BAL

JGW 161 Maud Muller. [N.p. 1854?]
Not in Currier. Broadside, 24.5 x 19.4 cm., printed in two columns. First
separate printing, preceding the copy described by Currier on p. 78. The text
follows The National Era version of the poem and differs in many instances from
later versions and the broadside described by Currier. See JGW 162. PDH:
"Only copy known." Early reprints of the poem give some indication of its
popularity and success in recapturing a bygone era with its simple phrasings
and artless sentimentality. It was characteristic of Whittier's increasing interest
in genre poetry and the pastoral. BAL 21787.

JGW 162 Maud Muller. [Newburyport, 1854?]
Currier pp. 78, 296-297. Light blue wove paper. PDH: "The copy Currier says
was owned by Mr. Robert W. Lull of Newburyport was later sold to Mr. C. A.
Wilson. The present copy was turned up later by Mr. Lull, who writes, 'Found
in an attic here and as this is the second one found in Newburyport, there is
little doubt but what it was printed here.'" See JGW 203 for another find by
Mr. Lull. BAL 21787.

JGW 163 Grace Greenwood. The Little Pilgrim.January, 1855.
Philadelphia, 1855-
Currier p. 212. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, bound with
other issues, Vol. I, No. I to Vol. III, No. 12, 1853-1856. First prints "The
Barefoot Boy," pp. 1-2, illustrated by a sketch of the boy holding some flowers
beside a rustic fence. This nostalgic recollection of the lost innocence and
pleasures of a farm boyhood became one of Whittier's most popular poems
despite its sentimentality and platitudinous moralizing.


JGW 164 The Boston Mob of "Gentlemen ofProperty and Standing." Proceed-
ings of the Anti-Slavery Meeting. Boston, 1855.
Currier pp. 210, 318. Original wrappers. First pamphlet printing of "The
Awakening" (otherwise "The Paean"), pp. 7-8. Whittier's poem, a rallying cry
to abolitionists in 1848, is here reprinted as a sign of the changing national
sentiment toward anti-slavery. With it are addresses and remarks by William
Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Theodore Parker, and other abolitionist lead-
ers commemorating the twentieth anniversary of the mob's dragging Garrison
through the streets of Boston with a rope around his waist. Whittier saw the
assault on Garrison, whom he later visited in jail.

JGW 165 The National Era. 3January 1856-31 December 1857.
Washington, 1856, 1857.
Currier pp. 219, 244, 250-251, 277, 281, 294, 295, 297, 307, 321, 343, 353,
367, 381, 382, 483. Contemporary half leather. For 1856: first prints "The New
Exodus" (January io), "Mary Garvin" (January 24), "Burial of Barber"
(March 20), "The Mayflowers" (June 5), "The Pass of the Sierra" (July 17),
"We're Free" (August 14), "What of the Day?" (September 4), "To Pennsylva-
nia" (September 25), "A Song Inscribed to the Fr6mont Clubs" (November
20), and "The Conquest of Finland" (December ii). Whittier printed only
three short prose pieces in the Era for this year. Most of these poems demonstrate
Whittier's support of Fr6mont and the Republican party in the campaign of
1856. "The Pass of the Sierra," "We're Free," and "A Song Inscribed "
claimed that Fremont's election would bring about a national regeneration; the
prophetic "What of the Day?" expressed Whittier's conviction that a major
crisis was at hand. "The Burial of Barber" mourned the death of a free settler
in Kansas; a propaganda piece, "To Pennsylvania," tried to influence the voters
in that state to support freedom and Fr6mont. For 1857: first prints "The Last
Walk in Autumn" (January i), "The First Flowers" (March 26), "The Syca-
mores" (June I1), "Mabel Martin" (August 20), and "The Garrison of Cape
Ann" (October 22). Whittier printed no prose pieces in the Era this year. By
contrast, all of the poems for 1857 reflect Whittier's love of nature and his
interest in the New England past and its legends, as in "Mabel Martin" and
"The Garrison of Cape Ann." With the establishment of the Atlantic in the fall
of 1857, Whittier began dividing his contributions between the Era and the
Atlantic. Signatures of George H. Witherle, 1856 volume, C. Buffum, 1857


JGW 166 The Panorama, and Other Poems. Boston [March] 1856.
Currier pp. 78-79. Three copies: copy A, with "CO" on spine; copy B, with
"Co" on spine; copy C, rebound, uncut, unopened sheets with leaflets of"Psalm
137," "The Sicilian Vespers," "Pericles," and "The Demon Lady," tipped in
(see Currier pp. 189-190 and 593-596). Of the twenty-seven poems in this
volume, only "The Panorama," a long poem of over 500 lines, is first printed.
The remaining poems, save "The Barefoot Boy," had been published in the
National Era. Whittier wrote "The Panorama" as a political tract, hoping to
inspire support for Fr6mont in the presidential election of 1856. It was read as
an anti-slavery lecture by Thomas Starr King at the Tremont Temple in Boston,
November 22, 1856. Since the poem was so topical, Whittier wished to have it
published immediately as a small pamphlet, but Fields persuaded him to issue
it with some of his other poems (Letters, II, 284-288). This volume included
many of Whittier's ballads, legendary poems, and nature pieces, including
"Maud Muller" and "The Barefoot Boy." Signature, copy B, "Chas E Adams,
Lowell"; copy C, leather booklabel of A. W. Gilman. Arthur W. Gilman (1837-
1909) was an educator and author. BAL 21792.

JGW 167 The Campaign. 2 Fremont Republican Songs ... No. i. We're Free.
No. 2. Who'll Follow, Who'll Follow. Boston [August] 1856.
Currier pp. 80, 248, 381, 584-585. Sheet music. First separate printing of
"We're Free," set to music by Karl Cora. The second song is Elizabeth Whittier's
"Who'll Follow" (earlier, "Fremont's Ride"). This popular campaign song,
published anonymously, was one of several written by Whittier in support of
Frdmont. In a letter to Seth Webb, who was arranging sheet music publication
for the two poems, Whittier adds a new verse and says that his sister and he
would prefer anonymity (Letters, II, 303-304). BAL 21800.

JGW 168 Song. A Dinner Song. [Newburyport? 1856]
Currier pp. 80, 281. First separate printing of "A Lay of Old Time" and "Dinner
Song" byJoshua D. Robinson. Both songs were sung at the Essex Agricultural
Fair (seeJGW 169). BAL 21795.

JGW 169 Transactions of the Essex Agricultural Societyfor 1856.
Newburyport, 1856.
Currier pp. 281, 616. Original wrappers. First book printing of "A Lay of Olden
Time," pp. 30-31. This poem recasts the Adam and Eve story, suggesting that


agriculture helps to recreate Eden. Written for the Essex Agricultural Fair held
in Newburyport on October 1-2, 1856, and sung at the banquet. BAL 21795.

JGW 170 ForFremont and Freedom. Campaign ofFifty-Six.
[New Haven, 1856]
Currier pp. 248, 616. Reprints "A Fr6mont Campaign Song," (here, "Victorious
Liberty") in a broadside with six other songs for Fr6mont. One of three copies
known. BAL 21797.

JGW 171 The Poetical Works of John Greenleaf Whittier. Complete in Two
Volumes. 2 vols. Boston [July] 1857.
Currier pp. 80-83; thick paper. No new poems were printed in this edition, but
thirteen poems first appeared in book form. In January, 1857, Whittier asked
Fields to publish his complete poems in a standard edition similar to the recently
issued edition of Longfellow's poems. Fields successfully negotiated with Whit-
tier's previous publishers for rights and, after much correspondence with Whit-
tier about excluding certain poems (see Letters, II, 320-329), issued an attractive
two-volume edition in July. Called the Blue and Gold Edition, after its distinc-
tive blue cloth boards and gilt edges, it was the standard edition of Whittier's
poems for the next twelve years. With its publication, Whittier was securely
placed among the respected authors of his time. In his introduction, Whittier
stated, "There are pieces in this collection which I would 'willingly let die,' I
am free to confess. But it is now too late to disown them, and I must submit
to the inevitable penalty of poetical as well as other sins." Signature, "W H
Collins," in pencil, Vol. II. BAL 21803.

JGW 172 The Sycamores. Nantucket [i.e., Hartford, Conn.] 1857.
Currier pp. 83-85. First separate printing of "The Sycamores." This delicate
little booklet was privately printed in an edition of twelve copies by Miss
Caroline L. Tallant, of Hartford, Connecticut. She was a descendant of Hugh
Tallant, the Irish immigrant who planted sycamore trees in Haverhill in the
1790's and whom Whittier commemorates in this poem. In October, 1857, she
wrote Whittier and obtained permission to reprint (Letters, II, 344). Of his
efforts to obtain a copy of this booklet, PDH notes:
I searched for many years for a copy of this little book and made many
inquiries in Nantucket. I could find no remains of the family there. I did
hear while in Nantucket of a Hugh Tallant who was an architect in New
York. I found when calling at the address given in the City Directory that
he had left a week before, leaving no address. After further inquiry, I found


that he had gone to Atlanta, Georgia. On writing him there, I got word
back that he knew nothing about the book, but had written his sister in
Seattle, Washington, sending my letter on. About a month later word came
back that the sister, Dr. Alice W. Tallant, had found her copy, accepted my
offer, and was sending it on. See Howe Library I, pp. 30-31.
BAL 21804.

JGW 173 The Atlantic Monthly. November, 1857. Boston, 1857.
Currier p. 251. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
I, November, 1857, to May, 1858. First prints "The Gift of Tritemius," pp.
62-63. Whittier had attended some of the preparatory meetings to organize
the Atlantic and agreed to be a regular contributor. The magazine was intended
to print original articles as well as critical pieces and, though outwardly non-
political, was staunchly Republican in its politics and anti-slavery in sentiment.
For the next forty years, under a succession of editors, it was America's outstand-
ing literary magazine, printing the best of established writers and encouraging
the development of native talent. For the first issue Whittier, Longfellow, Emer-
son, and Lowell wrote poems; Holmes commenced his "Autocrat of the Break-
fast Table"; Emerson contributed an essay; Mrs. Stowe, a short story; andJohn
Motley, an historical article. Nine of Whittier's poems appeared in the first
fourteen issues and assured him of a wide reading public and increased prosper-

JGW 174 The Atlantic Monthly. December, 1857. Boston, 1857.
Currier p. 341. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
I, November, 1857, to May, 1858. First prints "Skipper Ireson's Ride," pp.
223-225. Whittier sent this poem to James Russell Lowell, the Atlantic editor,
with the comment, "I send for December (I hope in season) -a bit of a Yankee
ballad the spirit of which pleases me more than the execution ... The refrain
is the actual song of the women on their march. To relish it one must understand
the peculiar tone and dialect of the ancient Marbleheads" (Letters, II, 345)-
Lowell suggested changes in the dialect and other improvements which Whittier
accepted (Letters, II, 345-348); the poem is one of his finest recreations of a
local legend.

JGW 175 The National Era. 7January 1858-22 March 1860.
Washington, 1858-i860.
Currier pp. 240, 245, 298, 318, 324, 334, 346, 362, 372. Contemporary half
leather. For 1858: first prints "The Eve of Election" (January 21), "The Pipes


at Lucknow" (February 4), "To George B. Cheever" (April I), "Trinitas" (April
8), "The Sisters. A Picture by Barry" (August 12), and "The Palm-Tree"
(December 2). Only one prose piece, a reprint of a letter endorsing Littel's The
Living Age, was published. All of Whittier's better poems, the ones that estab-
lished him as balladist and versifier of New England legends, were now appear-
ing in the Atlantic. For 1859: first prints "'The Rock' in El Ghor" (January 6),
"The Memory of Burns" (January 27), and "For an Autumn Festival" (Sep-
tember 29). Whittier's one prose contribution (on July 7), a eulogy for the
editor of the National Era, Gamaliel Bailey, who died on June 5, 1859, was the
last of his contributions to the Era. After Bailey's death, his widow continued
the paper until March 22, 1860. Signature, "George H. Witherle. Castine."

JGW 176 The Atlantic Monthly. February, 1858. Boston, 1858.
Currier p. 313. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
I, November, 1857, to May, 1858. First prints "The Old Burying-Ground,"
pp. 455-457. Whittier's portrait of the family cemetery was composed during
his mother's final illness, before her death on December 27, 1857. Writing to
Lowell, Whittier said, "The entire piece has now to me a deep and solemn
significance The mighty bereavement overwhelms us" (Letters, II, 353).

JGW 177 Elizabeth Whittier. Charity. [N.p. February, 1858]
Currier p. 85. One of two copies known of this leaflet. Whittier wrote a brief
introduction to his sister's poem and supplied a number of lines. BAL 21808.

JGW 178 The Atlantic Monthly. April, 1858. Boston, 1858.
Currier p. 354. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
I, November, 1857, to May, 1858. First prints "Telling the Bees," pp. 722-723.
Whittier sent the poem to the Atlantic with this note: "I send thee a bit of rhyme
which pleases me, and yet I am not quite sure about it. What I call simplicity
may be only silliness and my poor bantling only fit to be handed over to Dr.
Howe's school for feeble-minded children" (Letters, II, 362). His spare retelling
of a folk superstition, restrained but deeply felt emotion, and graphic recreation
of his Haverhill birthplace, make this one of Whittier's finest poems.

JGW 179 The Pipes at Lucknow. New York [April] 1858.
Currier pp. 581. Sheet music. Imprint of S. T. Gordon. First separate printing
of "The Pipes at Lucknow," music by Edward Wiebe. Dedicated to Miss Agnes

Empress of Brazil.

PLATE IV: AMONG WHITTIER'S FRIENDS (clockwise from upper left): the Rev.
Thomas Starr King (jow ANA 176), Unitarian pastor, bent California to the Union
side in the Civil War; Barbara Frietchie's gray head (JGw ANA I77); Thereza, empress
of Brazil (JGW ANA 189), expelled with her family after the emperor abolished slavery;
the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher (JGW ANA 188), charismatic churchman, later embroiled
in scandal.





Robertson for her stage portrayal ofJessie Brown at the siege of Lucknow. BAL

JGW 180 The Atlantic Monthly. July, 1858. Boston, 1858.
Currier p. 352. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
II, June, 1858, to December, 1858. First prints "The Swan Song of Parson
Avery," pp. 207-208, based on an account in Cotton Mather's Magnalia of the
shipwreck and death of a Newbury cleric. A stanza was added in later printings.

JGW 181 The Atlantic Monthly. September, 1858. Boston, 1858.
Currier p. 365. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
II, June, 1858, to December, 1858. First prints "To -. On Receiving his
'Few Verses for a Few Friends,'" pp. 284-285. Later, "To James T. Fields."
This poem was written after Whittier read Fields's book of privately printed

JGW 182 Agricultural Exhibition... September 28th, 1858.
Amesbury, 1858.
Currier pp. 85, 343-344. One of two known copies. First prints "Ode" (later,
"A Song of Harvest") as part of the Order of Exercises. At the Exhibition,
Whittier won two prizes for his pears. His response to the committee's gift of
a fruit basket expresses his affection for the region which inspired his best verses:
"I value this testimonial all the more, that, coming from my immediate neigh-
bors, it evinces the fact of mutual good feeling and regard. A token of approba-
tion even from strangers is not unwelcome; but I place a higher estimate on
that which assures me of the esteem of my every day acquaintance, and, that
I have a place in the kind thoughts of 'mine own people'" (Letters, II, 381).
BAL 21805.

JGW 183 The Atlantic Monthly. September, 1858. Boston, 1858.
Currier p. 295. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
II, June, 1858, to December, 1858. First prints "Le Marais du Cygne," pp.
429-430. When Whittier sent this account of the massacre of unarmed freemen
in Kansas, he asked the editor, Francis Henry Underwood: "Do you publish
such incendiary pieces as this?" and, in another letter, remarked: "The sweep
and rhythm please me, but I have hard work to keep down my indignation. I
feel a good deal more like a wild berserk than like a carpet minstrel 'with his

PLATE V: LUCY LARCOM (JGW ANA 184), poet, abolitionist, she said her years as a
child laborer in the Lowell textile mills were sunny and frolicsome.



singing robes about him,' when recording atrocities like that of the Swan's
Marsh" (Letters, II, 370, 371). The following lines are indicative of his passionate
Wind slow from the Swan's Marsh,
O dreary death-train,
With pressed lips as bloodless
As lips of the slain!
Kiss down the young eyelids,
Smooth down the gray hairs;
Let tears quench the curses
That burn through your prayers.
Initialed "H.L.H." on cover.

JGW 184 The Atlantic Monthly. October, 1858.

Boston, 1858.

Currier p. 220. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in bound Vol.
II, June, 1858, to December, 1858. First prints "The Telegraph" (later, "The
Cable Hymn"), pp. 591-592. This poem was written to celebrate the comple-
tion of the Atlantic Cable and expresses Whittier's hope that such improved
communications would bring world peace and the benefits of American vigor
to other countries. E H. Underwood had suggested the topic. Whittier encoun-
tered real difficulty in writing the poem because "the magnitude and vastness
of the theme" made him feel like one "who holds a farthing dip against the
sun." See Letters, II, 374-377.

JGW 185 The Independent. January 6, 1859. New York, 1859.
Currier p. 327. This and later numbers are newspaper format, as issued. First
prints "The Prophecy of Samuel Sewall," p. [i]. Theodore Tilton, editor of the
Independent, had asked Whittier to become a special contributor to his paper
with Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, and George B. Cheever.
The Independent would pay Whittier one hundred dollars for his poems, twice
the amount given by the Atlantic, and would reach a broader audience. Accord-
ingly, Whittier published more poems in the Independent than in the Atlantic over
the next five years.

JGW 186 The Independent. January 20, 1859. New York, 1859.
Currier pp. 331, 533, 541. First prints "The Red River Voyageur," p. [I].
Whittier's meditation on the sound of St. Boniface's bells in Minnesota was


originally sent to the Atlantic, but recalled by Whittier with another poem ("The
Preacher") and sent to the Independent to obtain the larger fee.

JGW 187 The New York Times.January 27, 1859. New York, 1859.
See Currier pp. 298, 616. Newspaper clipping, titled "Burns' Festival in Bos-
ton." First prints "The Memory of Burns," p. 2, read by Ralph Waldo Emerson
for the celebration of the hundredth anniversary of Burns's birth. Emerson
contributed a speech; Holmes, Lowell, and Whittier wrote poems. SeeJGW 188.

JGW 188 Celebration of the Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Robert
Burns, by the Boston Burs Club.January 25, 1859. Boston, 1859.
Currier pp. 298, 616. Three copies: copies A and B, original wrappers; copy
C, cloth bound. First book printing of "The Memory of Burns" (here untitled),
pp. 61-62. Also prints Whittier's letter toJohn S. Tyler, president of the Boston
Burns Club, p. 6 An Amesbury friend of Whittier, William Carruthers, gave
one of the principal addresses. (See Letters, II, 387 and 395-396, and JGW
197.) Copy A, signature, "Mrs. Mary W. Winship Tyler." Copy C inscribed,
"To William B. Fosdick from cousin M. W. Tyler"; bookplate of Henry W. Poor.
Mary Winship was Mrs. John S. Tyler. Henry W. Poor (1844-1915) was a
railroad executive and a notable collector of rare books. BAL 21810.

JGW 189 The Atlantic Monthly. March 1859. Boston, 1859.
Currier p. 234. First prints "The Double-Headed Snake of Newbury," pp.
339-341; the poem's humorous satire of the superstitions of the Puritans shows
Whittier's increasing mastery of legendary and local materials.

JGW 190 Proceedings at the Dedication of the Kenoza Club House ... August
31, 1859. Haverhill, 1859.
Currier pp. 277, 616. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy B, in three-
quarter morocco. First separate printing of "Kenoza" (otherwise, "Kenoza
Lake"), p. 6. Whittier was asked to find a new name for the lake, called "Great
Pond" (see Letters, II, 409-410, 423, 432), and found the Indian word for
pickerel, "Kenoza." He was unable to attend the dedication, but sent his poem
as an "apology." The poem was introduced by a tribute to Whittier in which
he is called "the truest representative of American sentiments and Republican
ideas" and in which it is claimed that his writings about Haverhill had made
the area "classic ground." BAL 21812.


JGW 191 The Atlantic Monthly. August, 1859. Boston, 1859.
Currier p. 305. First prints "My Psalm," pp. 230-232. Whittier commented
about this poem: "As it is, I feel sure that somehow all will be well-and my
confidence in the Divine Goodness is unshaken. Come what may let us trust
in that. At times, I feel all that I have expressed in 'My Psalm'" (Letters, II,
424). As a personal expression of trust in God's mercy and goodness, these
stanzas were used in a number of hymns.

JGW 192 Agricultural Exhibition. Order of Exercises in the Congregational
Church, Amesbury ,. Sept. 29, 1859. [Amesbury, 1859]
Currier pp. 85-86. One of two known copies of this broadside. First prints "For
an Autumn Festival" (here untitled). This poem was the third item in the Order
of Exercises. Whittier had participated in the preliminary arrangements for
this festival, and sent this poem, which was sung by the church choir. BAL 21809.

JGW 193 The Independent. October 27, 1859. New York, 1859.
Currier p. 335. First prints "Rome-1859" (later, "From Perugia"), p. [i].
These verses reflect Whittier's indignation at the restriction of Italian freedom
by Napoleon III and the reputed assistance given by the Church to the slaughter
of innocent civilians.

JGW 194 The Independent. December, 1859. New York, 1859.
Currier p. 2 18. First prints "Brown of Ossawatomie," p. [ ]. Whittier's tribute
toJohn Brown reveals his admiration "for the noble traits" in Brown's character,
but condemns his "rash and ill-judged" actions. Whittier commented exten-
sively on the raid at Harper's Ferry in his letters (see Letters, II, 435-442,
447-449), wrote an article for the Amesbury Villager on the subject, and this
stanza from the poem sums up his feelings:
Perish with him the folly that seeks through evil good!
Long live the generous purpose unstained with human blood!
Not the raid of midnight terror, but the thought that underlies;
Not the borderer's pride of daring, but the Christian's sacrifice.
See JGW 209.

JGW 195 My Psalm. [Portsmouth? 1859?]
Currier pp. 86, 305. One of two copies known of this broadside, the first separate
printing. BAL 21815.


JGW 196 The Atlantic Monthly. February, I86o. Boston, I860.
Currier p. 372. First prints "The Truce of Piscataqua," pp. 208-213, which
records in somewhat melodramatic fashion the doomed love of an Indian chief
for a white captive.

JGW 197 Tribute to Dea. Wm. Carruthers. [Amesbury, March, 186o]
Currier p. 86. Broadside, 20 x 12.8 cm. One of three copies known. First
separate printing of prose eulogy, dated Amesbury, March 7, 186o. This leaflet
is a reprint of the tribute Whittier printed in the Amesbury and Salisbury Villager,
March 8, 186o. A neighbor and friend of the Whittiers, William Carruthers
(1804?- 1860), had committed suicide on March 6, 186o. Various troubles,
including the care of an insane wife, caused his depression (see Letters, II, 387
and 453-454). Bookplate, Carroll Atwood Wilson. BAL 21816.

JGW 198 The Independent. March 16, 186o. New York, 1860.
Currier p. 339. First prints "The Shadow and the Light," p. [I], another poem
dealing with the questions of faith and the origins of evil. Its characteristic
affirmation, repeated in many hymnal adaptations, comes in the following verse:
O Love Divine!-whose constant beam
Shines on the eyes that will not see,
And waits to bless us, while we dream,
Thou leaves us because we turn from Thee!

JGW 199 The Atlantic Monthly. May, 186o. Boston, 1860.
Currier p. 305. First prints "The Playmate" (later, "My Playmate"), pp. 547-
548. Whittier was hesitant about publishing this romantic tale of lost love and
wrote to Lowell: "I send thee a bit of pastoral song, which my sister says is
good for me. I am not sure. It is either very simple, or very silly" (Letters, II,
445). See also Letters, II, 446, 449, 450 for Whittier's revisions of the poem
which included, at Lowell's suggestion, changing the name of the hill from
"Bugsmouth" to "Ramoth" as more in keeping with the sentimental tone. The
poem proved to be very popular and was later reprinted with illustrations by
Winslow Homer.

JGW 200 The Independent. July 19, 1860. New York, 1860.
Currier p. 334. First prints "The River-Path," p. [i]. Theodore Tilton, the
editor of the Independent, introduced the poem with this comment: "The following
new and beautiful poem .. will be recognized, by those who have ever been


near his cottage, as a Picture of a Sunset on the Banks of the Merrimac"
(Pleasant Valley, Amesbury).

JGW 201 Home Ballads and Poems. Boston [July] I860.
Currier pp. 86-89. Two copies: copy A, contemporary three quarter morocco
with gilt top, no publisher's advertisements; copy B, 1866 impression, three-
quarter calf with marbled boards. First prints "Proem" ("I Call the Old Time
Back"), p. [iii], first book printing of twenty-five other poems, ten reprints.
Whittier had wanted to dedicate this volume to Elizabeth Lloyd Howell and
sent her a proposed dedicatory poem which expressed his affection. She, how-
ever, declined to have the volume so dedicated and the poem was never pub-
lished. James Russell Lowell reviewed the book for the November Atlantic,
calling Whittier "the most representative poet New England has produced. He
sings her thoughts, her prejudices, her scenery ... Whatever Mr. Whittier may
lack, he has the prime merit that he smacks of the soil. It is a New England
heart he buttons his straitbreasted coat over, and it gives the buttons a sharp
strain now and then. Even the native idiom creeps out here and there in his
verses" (Letters, II, 481). Lowell went on to single out "Skipper Ireson's Ride"
and "Telling the Bees" as two of Whittier's best. Whittier's pencilled and ink
markings, copy B, on pp. 13, 14, 16, and 18; Pickard gift. BAL 218I9.

JGW 202 The Atlantic Monthly. October, 1860. Boston, 1860.
Currier p. 351. First prints "The Summons," p. 405, reproving the poet for
being idle and responding to beauty while the cause of freedom is threatened.
Whittier commented, "I do not quite like the tone of 'The Summons' It is
too complaining, and I hope I shall not be left to do such a thing again" (Letters,
II, 473).

JGW 203 The Quakers Are Out. [Newburyport? October, 1860?]
Not in Currier, but see p. 89. Single sheet, I 1.6 x 8.7 cm. PDH: "Only copy
known." First separate printing. Currier lists three other printings of this leaflet,
but this precedes those. The verses were to be sung at a Republican demonstra-
tion in Newburyport, October 1, 1860. The song ends: "For Lincoln goes in,
when the Quakers are out!" which refers to the Pennsylvania vote for Lincoln.
PDH: "This is not the one mentioned by Currier, and was found after his book
was published by Mr. Robert Lull in 1941 in a Newburyport garret. It had
belonged originally to Mr. Harry Lunt who was one of the singers at the original
Newburyport party." See JGW 162 for another find by Mr. Lull. One of the


five Whittiers bequeathed to PDH by Carroll A. Wilson, with Wilson's plate.
BAL 21821.

JGW 204 The Independent. December 13, 1860. New York, 1860.
Currier pp. 90-91, 306. First prints "Naples- 1860," p. I, a tribute to Helen
Ruthven Waterston who died in Naples, July 25, 1858. SeeJGW 205, 206.

JGW 205 Naples. -86o. [Boston? December? 1860]
Currier pp. 90-91, 306. Version I, with five stanzas printed on the second page
and nine stanzas on the third. PDH: "One of two copies known." First separate
printing? BAL 21822.

JGW 206 Helen Ruthven Waterston. Boston, i86o.
Currier p. 90-9 "Printed, not Published." Original cloth with gilt edges. First
book printing of "Naples.- 186o," pp. [74-75]. This volume of letters, tributes
and poems memorialized the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Waterston.
Whittier's poem in the leaflet version, JGW 205, is inserted here as the final
gathering. Inscribed, "For Rev Dr Storrs with most affectionate regards from
his friends Mr & Mrs Waterston, Boston. Jany 1865 ... This may be George
Isaac Storrs (1796-1879) of New Hampshire (Letters, I, p. 197). See BAL 21822.

JGW 207 Report of the Proceedings of the SecondAnnual Meeting ofthe Alumni
Association of the New England Yearly Meeting School... Newport,
i86o. Philadelphia, 186o.
Currier p. 616. Two copies, original wrappers. First book printing of "The
Quaker Alumni," pp. [47]-56. Whittier was asked to write a poem for the June
meeting of the Alumni of the Friends Boarding School in Providence, which
two nieces, Elizabeth H. Whittier and Alice G. Whittier, attended. BAL 21818.

JGW 208 Oration by Thomas Chase, andPoem byJohn G. Whittier.
Philadelphia, 186o.
Currier pp. 328, 616. Original wrappers. Reprints, from the plates of JGW
207, "The Quaker Alumni," pp. [231-32. BAL 21818.

JGW 209 James Redpath. Echoes of Harper's Ferry. Boston, i86o.
Currier pp. 218, 616; BAL I43 (L. M. Alcott). First book printing of "Brown


of Ossawatomie," pp. 303-304. Also prints a Whittier letter to William Lloyd
Garrison, dated January 15, 186o, pp. 311-313, about Garrison's criticism of
Whittier's refusal to endorseJohn Brown. SeeJGW 194. BAL 21817.

JGW 209a The Centennial Birthday of Robert Bums. New York, 186o.
BAL 4:325 (Holmes). Reprints "The Memory of Burns" (here, "A Tribute"),
pp. 127-128, with the other tributes at the celebration by the Burns Club of
New York on January 25, 1859.

JGW 210 The Atlantic Monthly. February, 186 Boston, 1861.
Currier p. 225. First prints "Cobbler Keezar's Vision," pp. 165-169. This
comic ballad was sent to J. T. Fields with this note: "I send thee an absurd
ballad which I likefor its absurdity. Read it, and let me know whether thee
think it worth submitting to Lowell. It is just what Harper would like, but I
would like better to see it in the Maga. if it is proper for it" (Letters, II, 481).

JGW 211 The Independent. June 13, 1861. New York, 1861.
Currier pp. 237, 243. First prints "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott," p. [i]. This
poem, composed a few weeks after the war began, denounced slavery with
passionate, biting lines climaxed by:
What gives the wheat-field blades of steel:
What points the rebel cannon?

What whets the knife
For the Union's life?-
Hark to the answer: Slavery!
When the Hutchinson family singers sang this poem to the troops in 1862 its
abolitionist bias caused a disturbance and the Hutchinsons' permit for concerts
in the camps was revoked by General McClellan. Soon afterward, the song was
read at a presidential cabinet session and Lincoln remarked that the poem was
the kind of song he wanted his soldiers to hear. The Hutchinsons were then
allowed to continue with their camp concerts. This incident got a great deal of
publicity and Whittier wrote to the Hutchinsons: "Whatever General McClel-
lan may do with my rhymes, I am thankful that Congress is putting it out of
his power to 'send back' fugitive slaves as well as singers. After all I do not
think it strange that a Quaker's song should be thought out of place in the
army" (Letters, III, 29). Lincoln later told a correspondent that the reading of


the poem had influenced him to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. See
JGW ANA 49 and 53.

JGW 212 The Atlantic Monthly. August, 1861. Boston, 1861.
Currier p. 316. First prints "Our River," pp. 213-214. The poem's subtitle,
"For a Summer Festival at 'The Laurels' on the Merrimack," gives its origin
and subject. It was written for an annual picnic of friends and neighbors of
William Ashby to view the laurel blooms on the Newburyport bank of the river.
These parties were given for twenty-one years and Whittier wrote four poems -
"Our River," "The Laurels," "Revisited," and "June on the Merrimac"-to
commemorate them. He attended the one in June, 1861, and read this poem.

JGW 213 The Independent. September 19, 1861. New York, 1861.
Currier p. 355. First prints "Thy Will Be Done," p. [I]. SeeJGW 260 for variant

JGW 214 The Independent. November 14, 1861. New York, 1861.
Currier p. 380. First prints "The Watchers," p. [i]. Like many of Whittier's
wartime poems, this deals with the conflict the poet felt in supporting a war
which did not openly condemn slavery.

JGW 215 The Atlantic Monthly. December, 1861. Boston, 1861.
Currier p. 282. First prints "A Legend of the Lake," pp. 679-681, a melodrama-
tic ballad, based on a true story, about a sinner dying in his attempt to save
his mother's chair from a fire. When relatives of the victim objected to Whittier's
retelling the story, he suppressed the poem and it was not reprinted until after
Whittier's death (see Life and Letters, 444-448).

JGW 216 Chimes of Freedom and Union. A Collection of Poems for the Times
by Various Authors. Boston, 1861.
Currier p. 237, 243, 616; BAL 1672 (Bryant). Original wrappers. First book
printing of "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott," pp. 8-o1. Includes poems about
the war by Holmes, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Lucy Larcom. SeeJGW 211.
Compiled by Mrs. J. H. Hanaford and Mrs. Mary S. Webber. BAL 21825.


JGW 217 James Thomas Fields. Favorite Authors. A Companion-Book of
Prose and Poetry. Boston, 1861.
Not in Currier; BAL 5943. Reprints "The Witch's Daughter" (later, "Mabel
Martin"), in sixty-nine stanzas, pp. [123]-13o. Contributions by Hawthorne,
Emerson, Holmes, Longfellow, and Lowell. Bookplate of Carroll Atwood Wil-

JGW 218 The Atlantic Monthly. February, 1862. Boston, 1862.
Currier pp. 200-201. First prints "At Port Royal. 1861," pp. 244-246. The
poem, written to celebrate the capture of Port Royal, South Carolina, and the
freeing of slaves there, included the dialect lyric, "Song of the Negro Boatmen,"
which became immediately popular and was set to music. Currier lists nine
sheet music editions and numerous reprints in collections of patriotic songs.
See JGW 219, 220, 224, 225, 229, 234, and 235.

JGW 219 Ethiopian and Comic Songs. Boston, February, 1862.
Currier p. 582. Sheet music. Early separate printing of "Song of the Negro
Boatmen" (here, "The Negro Boatman's Song"); music by L. O. (Luther Or-
lando) Emerson. BAL 21829.

JGW 220 Old Massa on His Trabbels Gone. Boston [February] 1862.
Currier pp. 582-583. Early separate printing of "Song of the Negro Boatmen"
(here titled from one of its lines), music by S. K. Whiting. BAL 21829.

JGW 221 At Port Royal. 1861. [Boston, 1862]
See Currier p. 200; apparently unrecorded. Broadside, 29.4 x 17.3 cm., printed
in two columns. PDH: "When I showed this to Mr. Currier in 1939, he said
he did not know of its existence." BAL 21828.

JGW 222 The Atlantic Monthly. March, April, 1862. Boston, 1862.
Currier p. 303. First prints "Mountain Pictures I," p. 299, and "Mountain
Pictures II," pp. 423-424. The two poems were afterwards printed as one.

JGW 223 The Atlantic Monthly. June, 1862. Boston, 1862.
Currier p. 200. First prints "Astraea at the Capitol," pp. 776-777, written to
celebrate passage of the bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.


First Baptist Church,


3.-ANTHEM, BY THE CHOIR. "That I may dwell."
Once more, Oh God, before our eyes
The fullness of Thy bounty lies,
And, shaming all our doubt and fear,
Again Thy goodness crowns the year.
On loyal homes, on rebel soil,
On slavery's task, on freedom's toil,
On good and ill Thy mercies fall,
For Thou, Oh Father, pitiest all!
Yet must the debt of sin be paid,
And justice come, though long delayed;
The wrong must die, and good must be
Joint heir of Thy eternity !
Oh! hearts must break with pain and loss,
And mourners bow beneath the cross,
But well we know, whatever befall,
Thy love keeps watch above us all!
S 7.-ANTHEM, BY TIE CHOIR. "The Lord is King."
S"The first gun is fired."
"May God protect the right." (

PLATE VI: FIRST SEPARATE PRINTING of "Once More, Oh God, Before Our Eyes"
(JGW 227), unique copy unearthed by R D. Howe in 1965.


Whittier wrote to Charles Sumner: "Glory to God! Nothing but this hearty old
Methodist response will express my joy at the passage of the bill It is a
great event, a mighty step in the right direction. As an American, I can now
lift my head without shame in the face of mankind" (Letters, III, 30-31).

JGW 224 Grand National Concert. Newton, July 4th, 1862.
[July, 1862]
Not in Currier. Sheet music. 4 pp. Reprints first three stanzas of "Song of the
Negro Boatmen" (here, "Song of the Contrabands"), p. [3]. With Whittier's
song were printed "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," "America," and other
patriotic verses. BAL 21829.

JGW 225 Song of the Negro Boatman [sic]. Boston [July] I862.
Currier p. 582. Sheet music. Music by "J.W. Dadman" (correctly, "Dadmun").
BAL 21829.

JGW 226 The Atlantic Monthly. August, 1862. Boston, 1862.
Currier p. 198. First prints "Amy Wentworth," pp. 237-238. Characteristically,
in his introduction to this sentimental story of love crossing social barriers,
Whittier had to justify the writing of light verses while a Civil War raged.

JGW 227 Order of Exercises in the First Baptist Church at the Fifth Exhibition
of the Amesbury and Salisbury Agricultural and Horticultural Associ-
ation. [N.p. 1862]
Not in Currier. Broadside, 28.2 X 16.1 cm. First separate printing of a hymn,
"Once More, Oh God, Before Our Eyes," read at the fair and later reprinted
in the Newburyport Daily Herald on September 23, 1862, and the Amesbury Villager,
October 2, 1862, PDH: "This poem was not collected by Whittier and remained
unknown before the appearance of this copy in December of 1965, when I
purchased it." BAL 21833. PLATE VI.

JGW 228 Dora Greenwell. The Patience of Hope.
Boston [September] 1862.
Currier pp. 91-92, 404, 617. First prints the essay later titled "Dora Greenwell,"
here printed as an "Introduction," pp. [v]-xxxiii. Whittier had written James
T. Fields twice about publishing Greenwell's book, commenting: "I think the


book will commend itself to the best minds of all sects. It is orthodox but livingly
so-not a mere rattle of the dry bones of the skeleton of a creed" (Letters, III,
31-32). The book must have been popular; it was several times reprinted. BAL

JGW 229 Song of the Negro Boatmen. Chicago [September] 1862.
Currier p. 582. Sheet music. Two copies: copy A, with "To Rev. Wm. B.
Christopher" printed on front wrapper; copy B, without. Music by H. T. Mer-
rill. BAL 21828, 21829.

JGW 230 The Atlantic Monthly. October, 1862. Boston, 1862.
Currier p. 214. First prints "The Battle Autumn of 1862," pp. 510-511. This
poem stresses that nature remains unchanged despite the carnage of war, and
that her promise of rebirth in the spring suggests that good will come from "the
war-field's crimson stain."

JGW 231 John Waddington. The American Crisis in Relation to Slavery.
London, 1862.
Currier pp. 371, 617. Stitched without wrappers. First book printing of "To
William H. Seward," p. I. This poetic tribute to Seward for supporting the
preservation of the union without concessions to the Southern states was first
printed by William Cullen Bryant's Evening Post,January 28, 186 B AL 21837.

JGW 232 Only Once. Original Papers, by Various Contributors. Publishedfor
the Benefit of the New York Infirmary for Women and Children.
[New York] 1862.
Currier pp. 200-201, 322, 379, 617; BAL 1673 (Bryant). Two copies: copy A,
with wrappers; copy B, without wrappers. First prints the last three stanzas of
"The Waiting" (here, "Patience"), p. 4, and reprints music and lyrics for "Song
of the Negro Boatmen," pp. 14-15. Lowell, Bryant, and Bayard Taylor also
contributed to this volume. BAL 21829.

JGW 233 A. M. French. Slavery in South Carolina and the Ex-Slaves; or,
The Port Royal Mission. New York, 1862.
Not in Currier. Original cloth. First book printing of "At Port Royal. 1861,"
pp. 21-24. BAL 21828.


JGW 234 The "Contraband" of Port Royal. Boston, 1862.
Currier p. 582. Sheet music. A reprint of "Song of the Negro Boatmen," music
by Ferdinand Mayer. BAL 21829.

JGW 235 The Negro Boatman's Song. Boston [1862]
Currier p. 582. Sheet music. A reprint of "Song of the Negro Boatmen," music
by Luther Orlando Emerson. BAL 21829.

JGW 236 The President's Emancipation March. Chicago, 1862.
Not in Currier. Sheet music. 5 pp. Reprints four lines from Whittier, with music
by George E. Fawcett:
Go ring the bells, and fire the guns,
And fling the starry banners out;
Shout "Freedom," till your lisping ones
Give back their cradle shout.

JGW 237 The Atlantic Monthly. January, 1863. Boston, 1863.
Currier p. 198. First prints "Andrew Rykman's Prayer," pp. 95-98. Whittier
had written Fields in June that he had "bestowed much thought" upon the
poem and believed it "in some respects the best thing I have ever written" (Life
and Letters, 449). Characteristically, he refused Fields's suggestions for rhyme
changes to make the verses smoother (Letters, III, 32). Whittier's belief in his
own religious unworthiness, but his utter confidence in God's mercy, was ex-
pressed in these lines:
Let the lowliest task be mine,
Grateful, so the work be Thine;
Let me find the humblest place
In the shadow of Thy grace.

JGW 238 The Atlantic Monthly. February, 1863. Boston, 1863.
Currier p. 327. First prints "The Proclamation," pp. 240-241, celebrating
Lincoln's Proclamation of Emancipation, January I, 1863, after thirty years of
abolitionist work by Whittier.

JGW 239 The Atlantic Monthly. May, 1863. Boston, 1863.
Currier p. 227. First prints "The Countess," pp. 625-629. This dramatization
of the love between an Essex County maid and an exiled French nobleman was


set in Rocks Village, near Amesbury. Whittier called the poem a "little pastoral
piece," and wrote Fields: "The scene at 'The Rocks,' on the Merrimack-which
I am sure thee will like. I think it better by far than 'Amy Wentworth,' if I am
a fit judge" (Letters, III, 39-40). SeeJGW MS 3.

JGW 240 Friends'Intelligencer. July 18, 1863. Philadelphia, 1863.
See Currier pp. 198-199. Reprints (from the Independent) "In War Time" (later,
"Anniversary Poem"), pp. 301-302, written for the annual meeting of the
alumni of the Friends' Yearly Meeting School at Newport on June 15, 1863.
The poem explores the role of the pacifist Quaker during the Civil War:
The levelled gun, the battle-brand,
We may not take;
But, calmly loyal, we can stand
And suffer with our suffering land
For conscience' sake.

JGW 241 The Atlantic Monthly. October, 1863. Boston, 1863.
Currier pp. 21 1-213. First prints "Barbara Frietchie," pp. 495-497. This poem,
written during the crucial battle summer of 1863, was supposedly based on a
true incident-an aged woman courageously waving a Union flag before the
conquering Confederate troops. For Whittier, Barbara Frietchie symbolized all
those who loved and fought for the Union, and in his dramatic rendering he
captured the thoughts and feelings of the North. Few Civil War poems were so
definitely the product of an hour and so quickly recognized by the people as
an expression of their deepest emotions. Fields wrote to Whittier after receiving
the poem for publication: "You were right in thinking I should like it, for so I
do, as I like few things in this world .. Enclosed is a check for fifty dollars,
but Barbara's weight should be in gold" (Letters, III, 45; see also Letters, III,
46-47). Roland H. Woodwell comments on Whittier's popularity at this
time: "Whittier received two invitations in the spring .. One was to visit the
Army of the Potomac, and it showed that poetry, especially Whittier's, meant
a great deal to men in the nineteenth century. 'Your loyal verse,' Brigadier-
General Rice wrote to him, 'has made us all your friends, lightening the weari-
someness of our march, brightening our lonely campfires, and cheering our
hearts in battle'" (Woodwell, p. 323).

JGW 242 Barbara Frietchie. New York [October? 1863?]
Currier p. 93. Four-page leaflet. Only copy known to Currier. Text based on
the Atlantic version, published anonymously, without date, "at the BOOK


ROOMS, 200 Mulberry-street, N.Y. Fifth Series. No. 14. Two Copies," by the
Methodist Book Concern. PDH notes that another copy turned up in 1963 but
"its present whereabouts is unknown to me." BAL 21843.

JGW 243 We Wait Beneath the Furnace Blast. Chicago, 1863.
Currier p. 576. Sheet music, series title, "Concert Gems." Reprint of "Ein feste
Burg ist unser Gott," music by T. Martin Towne. Inscribed on cover, "Compli-
ments of T. M. Towne." BAL 22255.

JGW 244 The Loyal National League. Opinions of Prominent Men Concerning
the Great Questions of the Times. New York, 1863.
Currier p. 617; BAL 1198 (Boker). Original wrappers. First prints Whittier
letter, dated Amesbury, April 5, 1863, p. 6 i. Whittier supports the mass meeting
of Union loyalists in New York, April I I, 1863, and regrets that he cannot write
a song for the meeting. BAL 21840.

JGW 245 Proceedings of the Alumni Association of Friends' Yearly Meeting
School ... Newport, 1863. Providence, 1863.
Currier pp. 198-199, 297, 617. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers; copy
B, bound with other volumes of the Proceedings, 1859-1866, with pencil note,
"Whittier's own copy from the Oak Knoll Library 1927, R. W. Lull"; cut
signature of Whittier pasted inside front cover. First book printings of "In War
Time" (later, "Anniversary Poem"), pp. 37-40; and "A Memorial. Moses A.
Cartland," pp. 41-43. Cartland (1805-1863), a cousin, shared Whittier's
abolitionist interests and political concerns. After teaching at Moses Brown
School in Providence and helping Whittier edit the Pennsylvania Freeman, he
founded an academy in Lee, New Hampshire, where he taught until his death.
Whittier wrote of their relationship in this poem:
In love surpassing that of brothers,
We walked, O friend, from childhood's day;
And, looking back o'er fifty summers,
Our footprints track a common way.
See JGW ANA 175. BAL 21845.

JGW 246 Songs of the War. Part I. Albany, 1863.
Not in Currier; BAL 259 (Aldrich), no recorded Part II. First book printing of
"The Battle Autumn of 1862," pp. 95-96. Other contributions by Bryant,


Longfellow, and Holmes. See JGW 230. Bookplate, Carroll Atwood Wilson.
BAL 21841.

JGW 247 J. Henry Hayward. Poetical Pen-Pictures of the War. Selectedfrom
Our Union Poets. New York, 1863.
Not in Currier; BAL 1682 (Bryant). Reprints eleven stanzas of "In War Time,"
pp. 372-374. Other poems by Bryant, Holmes, and Longfellow. Bookplate,
Carroll Atwood Wilson. Signatures, "J. L. Miller," and "J. M. Ashby." BAL

JGW 248 In War Time and Other Poems.
Boston, 1864 [November, 1863]
Currier pp. 93-95. Two copies: copy A, dull plum; copy B, 1866 impression,
rebound in three-quarter calf. First prints "Dedication," p. [iii]; reprints, with
additions, "To John C. Fremont" (twenty-six instead of fourteen lines), pp.
[i9]-2o; "The Waiting" (six stanzas instead of three), pp. [io7]-lo8; and
"Italy" (one stanza omitted and a new one added), pp. [1371-139. Of the
remaining twenty-four poems, twelve are first book printings. Whittier com-
mented on the royalties received from the book: "It [$340] makes me rich as
Croesus. I am like one who counting over his hoard finds it double what he
expected. From a merely shoddy point of view the sum might seem small, but
we didn't cheat the Govt. out of it" (Letters, III, 52). Whittier had hoped to
have the book reviewed in the Atlantic and added in another letter to Fields: "Is
there no one to do for me in a moderate and qualified degree what Curtis has
done for Longfellow [his review of Tales of a Wayside Inn] in the Atlantic? It is
just now an object of material consequence to have the book sell" (Letters, III,
54). James Russell Lowell finally reviewed the volume in the North American
Review, January, 1864. Copy A inscribed, "From John G. Whittier and Eliz.
H. Whittier. Amesbury November 1863," in Whittier's hand. Elizabeth Hussey
Whittier (1815-1864), the poet's younger sister, was his closest companion
throughout her life, supporting his abolitionist work, providing emotional com-
fort, and sharing his poetic interests. Copy B, Whittier family copy, Pickard gift.
BAL 21846.

JGW 249 The Independent. January 21, 1864. New York, 1864.
Currier p. 265. First prints "Hymn for the Opening of Thomas Starr King's
House of Worship," p. [ ]. This hymn was written for the dedication of King's
new church in San Francisco, December 28, 1863. See the two following entries.


Whittier said about the poem, "I have just sent what I think is a Hymn to T.
S. King for the opening of his new 'steeple house'" (Letters, III, 53). Whittier
wondered if a poem composed in tercets could be adapted for choir singing.

JGW 250 The Independent. March 17, 1864. New York, 1864.
Currier p. 355. Two copies. First prints "Thomas Starr King," p. [I]. King
died on March 4, 1864, at age 40, and Whittier later commented on his calm
acceptance of death: "Was there not something triumphant and glorious in the
death of Starr King? He [had] done his great work so manfully and well"
(Letters, III, 73).

JGW 251 InMemoriam. Thomas Starr King. [New York, March, 1864]
Currier p. 355. Original wrappers. First book printing of "Thomas Starr King,"
p. [i]. This volume was issued for the Sanitary Fair held in New York City on
March 28, 1864. Bookplate of Paul Lynde Bonner. BAL 21848.

JGW 252 The Atlantic Monthly. March, 1864. Boston, 1864.
Currier p. 218. First prints "The Brother of Mercy," pp. 278-281. This issue
also contains David Wasson's effusive critical praise of the poet, "Whittier,"
pp. 331-338, in which Whittier is called a "Hebrew prophet" and "Barbara
Frietchie" a proper sequel to the Battle of Gettysburg, for it brought "victory
which the Nation asked of Meade the General and obtained from Whittier the
Poet" (p. 338).

JGW 253 The Atlantic Monthly. April, 1864. Boston, 1864.
Currier p. 388. First prints "The Wreck of Rivermouth," pp. 412-415. One of
Whittier's characteristic ballads, it utilizes Essex County legends and supersti-
tions and is framed by a graphic description of the New Hampshire seacoast.
Whittier later credited Celia Thaxter for inspiring the poem: "It would scarcely
have been written but for thee. The thought of thee and thy sea stories, and
pictures prompted it, and when writing I was wondering whether thee would
like it" (Letters, III, 130-13I).

JGW 254 The Independent. May 5, 1864. New York, 1864.
Currier p. 382. First prints "What the Birds Said," p. [I], which expresses
Whittier's hopes for peace, and freedom for the slaves.


JGW 255 Boatswain's Whistle. November 17, 1864. Boston, 1864.
Currier p. 617. Two copies: copy A, original wrappers, Nos. I-Io; copy B,
morocco, Nos. I-io. First prints the essay, "John Woolman in Steerage," p. 58,
in the November 17, 1864, number. This newspaper, edited by Julia Ward
Howe, was published at the National Sailor's Fair to raise money for a National
Sailor's Home. Whittier, Holmes, and Lowell were on its editorial council. BAL

JGW 256 The Atlantic Monthly. December, 1864. Boston, 1864.
Currier p. 375. First prints "The Vanishers," pp. 726-727. This poem was
written during the final illness of Elizabeth Whittier, who died September 3,
1864. Whittier commented to Fields that the poem had beguiled "some weary
hours How strange it seems not to read it to my sister" (Life and Letters, p.
481). The poem itself reflects his belief that the beloved dead, the vanishers,
beckon and call to those left behind. Elizabeth's death, of course, altered his
pattern of life.

JGW 257 Proceedings of the American Anti-Slavery Society, at Its Third Dec-
ade. New York, 1864.
Currier pp. 310, 318, 618. Original wrappers. Reprints "Paean," (here, "A
Northern Song"), p. 156. First prints letters, November 24, 1863, pp. 6-8; and
March 14, 1864, pp. 153-154. This meeting of the Anti-Slavery Society in
Philadelphia, December 3-4, 1863, celebrated the thirtieth anniversary of the
founding of the organization. As a founding member, Whittier sent a letter of
regret for not being able to attend, commenting: "I set a higher value on my
name as appended to the Anti-Slavery Declaration of 1833 than on the title-
page of any book. Looking over a life marked by many errors and shortcomings,
I rejoice that I have been able to maintain the pledge of that signature" (Letters,
III, 52). Signatures on cover: "C. C. Burleigh" and "Edw. D. Burleigh." Charles
C. Burleigh (181o-1878) was an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society
and assisted Whittier in editing The Pennsylvania Freeman, becoming sole editor
in 1840. BAL 21850.

JGW 258 Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Yearly Meeting of Progressive
Friends, Held at Longwood, Chester County, 1864.
New York, 1864.
Currier p. 374. Original printed wrappers. Reprints "Two Sunsets" (otherwise,
"The River Path") on inner back wrapper; "My Psalm," outer back wrapper;


six stanzas of "The Chapel of Hermits" (here, "The Old and the New"), p. 4;
"Thy Will Be Done" (here, "Hymn"), pp. 7-8; and "Ein feste Burg ist unser
Gott," pp. 8-io.

JGW 259 Frank Moore, ed. Lyrics of Loyalty. New York, 1864.
Currier p. 377; BAL 1203 (Boker). Reprints "The Voice of the North" (other-
wise, "Texas"), pp. 24-25; "The Proclamation," pp. 239-240; and "The Battle
Autumn of 1862," pp. 281-283. Also poems by Lowell, Longfellow, Emerson,
and Holmes.

JGW 260 Autograph Leaves of Our Country's Authors. Baltimore, I864.
Currier pp. 355, 617. Reprints "Thy Will Be Done," pp. 9- 11. This facsimile
of Whittier's manuscript, dated February 12, 1864, has a number of variant
readings not in later printings. BAL 21849.

JGW 261 The Atlantic Monthly. January, 1865. Boston, 1865.
Currier p. 276. First prints "Kallundborg Church," pp. 51-53, a romantic
fantasy based on legends of trolls. In Whittier's adaptation of the tale, a
woman's prayer saves her lover from a troll.

JGW 262 The Independent. February 7, 1865. New York, 1865.
Currier p. 281. First prints "Laus Deo!" p. 4, celebrating passage of the bill to
abolish slavery in the United States. Inspiration for the poem came to Whittier
as he sat in the Friends' meeting house in Amesbury and listened in the silence
to the pealing of bells celebrating the abolition of slavery. As he told Lucy
Larcom: "It wrote itself, or rather sang itself, while the bells rang" (Life and
Letters, pp. 488-489). The poem represents the culmination of thirty years'
crusading by Whittier. It appeared with an editorial note: "We had the good
fortune to announce in our last week's paper the glorious news of the passage
of the Constitutional Amendment, forever prohibiting slavery in the American
Republic. Not editorially content with leaving so great a measure to the mere
brief chronicle to which we were then restricted, we were meditating some fit
words to celebrate in our present columns the illustrious act, when, among the
letters to our table, came the ever-welcome handwriting of our friend, John G.
Whittier, enclosing a lyric whose poetic ring made so tame our plain prosaic
thoughts, that we here give his song in place of our speech."


JGW 263 Hymns for the Jubilee Meeting. Feb. 22, 1865. [N.p. 1865]
Not in Currier, but see p. 265. Broadside, 21.1 x 15.2 cm. First separate printing
of "Hymn" (later, "Hymn for the Celebration of Emancipation at New-
buryport"). With "The Jubilee Hymn of the Republic" by Austin Dodge. The
poem was also printed in the Newburyport Daily Herald, February 22, 1865,
before the meeting in Newburyport City Hall so that subscribers could bring
their papers and join the singing. The speaker was William Lloyd Garrison.
BAL 21856.

JGW 264 The Atlantic Monthly. February, 1865. Boston, 1865.
Currier p. 294. First prints "The Mantle of St. John de Matha," pp. 162-164.
A neighbor to whom Whittier read the legend of St. John de Matha suggested
he write a poem on the subject. Whittier wrote Fields, "Is the enclosed a true
ballad? I often sadly mistake about my pieces, but the feeling of this seems
genuine, whatever the expression of it may be" (Life and Letters, p. 488).

JGW 265 The Independent. March 16, 1865. New York, 1865.
Currier p. 239. First prints "The Eternal Goodness," p. [i]. One of Whittier's
most famous poems, this piece furnished verses for ten hymns and was widely
reprinted. It expressed Whittier's belief in God's generous mercy and his com-
plete trust in God's essential goodness. Its most famous lines are:
And so beside the Silent Sea
I wait the muffled oar;
No harm from Him can come to me
On ocean or on shore.
I know not where His islands lift
Their fronded palms in air;
I only know I cannot drift
Beyond His love and care.

JGW 266 The Atlantic Monthly. May, 1865. Boston, 1865.
Currier p. 253. First prints "The Grave by the Lake," pp. 561-564. The poet,
prompted by the recent discovery of Indian remains in New Hampshire, con-
siders the salvation of pagan souls.


JGW 267 The Faneuil Hall Address. [Boston, 1865]
Currier p. 618; BAL 4466 (Dana). 6 pp., wanting final blank leaf. First prints
the address written by Whittier and seven others, including Richard H. Dana,
Jr., and George L. Stearns. It cautioned against the quick restitution of power
to Southern legislators and stressed that the United States government had
abolished slavery by a "paramount and universal law" and that no citizen can
be excused from his allegiance to the Union and its laws. SeeJGW MS 29. BAL

JGW 268 The Independent. July 6, 1865. New York, 1865.
Currier p. 333. First prints "Revisited," p. [I], another poem occasioned by
the annual Laurel Party on the Merrimack River. See JGW 212.

JGW 269 The Atlantic Monthly. July, 1865.

Boston, 1865.

Currier p. 222. First prints "The Changeling," pp. 2o-22, a ballad of the Essex
County "witch," Goody Cole, whom Whittier wrote about in "The Wreck of

JGW 270 National Lyrics. Boston [August] 1865.
Currier p. 97. Original printed wrappers. First book printings of "Hymn for
the Celebration of Emancipation at Newburyport" (here, the introductory
poem and untitled), pp. [5]-6, and "Laus Deo," pp. 103-104. All the other
poems are reprints. Whittier had hoped that this cheap edition of his recent
poems would bring in some more royalties, but the book was not notably
successful. BAL 21857.

JGW 271 The Atlantic Monthly. November, 1865.

Boston, 1865.

Currier p. 322. First prints "The Peace Autumn," pp. 545-546, written to be
sung at a meeting of the Essex Agricultural Society on September 26. Whittier
later was doubtful about including this poem in The Tent on the Beach, saying it
was "hardly up to the mark" (Letters, III, 142), but nevertheless included it.

JGW 272

Transactions of the Essex Agricultural Society in Massachusettsfor
the Year 1865. South Danvers, 1865.

Currier pp. 322, 618. Original wrappers. First book printing of "The Peace
Autumn," pp. 41-42, subtitle, "An Ode Written for the Society and Sung at
its Anniversary, Sept. 26, 1865." BAL 21860.


JGW 273 Tribute of the Massachusetts Historical Society to the Memoy of
Edward Everett. January 30, i865. Boston, 1865.
Currier p. 618; BAL 8850, printing B (Holmes). Two copies. First prints a
Whittier letter ofJanuary 25, 1865, pp. 87-90, with Whittier's tribute. Edward
Everett died January 15, 1865, and a special meeting of the Massachusetts
Historical Society was held January 30 in his memory. Holmes contributed a
poem for the occasion, "Our First Citizen," pp. 65-67, and Richard H. Dana,
Jr., spoke. Copy A inscribed, "George H. Boker. With the kind regards of his
friend O. W. Holmes." Boker (1823-1890), playwright, poet, and diplomat,
wrote the popular Francesca da Rimini. BAL 21859.

JGW 274 The Bryant Festival at "The Century." New York, 1865.
Currier p. 618; BAL 1692 (Bryant), large paper, illustrated, with autographs
and photographs of Bryant, Dana, Longfellow, and others. First prints
"Bryant," pp. 63-64. The poem is introduced by a note saying that Whittier
had sent it as a "rough draft of some verse, which seemed to others exquisitely
formed." Inscribed, "Launt Thompson with the kind regards of C. H.
Ludington," and "Lancillotto A Flossy. Per aspera ad astra." BAL 21855.

JGW 275 Important Announcement! Lossing's Pictorial History of the
Great Civil War. [Philadelphia, 18651
Not in Currier. First prints a letter to publisher George W. Childs, undated, p.
S1, giving Whittier's approval of the proposed book. Other testimonials are
from Holmes, Bryant, and Charles Sumner. The book was published in 1868.

JGW 276 The Eternal Goodness. [N.p. 1865]
Currier p. 189, 239. One of two known copies of this leaflet. Separate printing
of "The Eternal Goodness," pp. [i]-[3]. On p. [4] is Theodore Parker's "The
Way, The Truth, The Life." So dated by PDH, but dated "since 1892"-i.e.,
Whittier's death, by Currier. BAL 21865.

JGW 277 Snow-Bound. A Winter Idyl. Boston [February] 1866.
Currier pp. 98-100oo. 4 copies: copy A, white cloth, early state with "52" printed
at foot of that page; copy B, large paper, white cloth, no. 3 of 50; copy C, "sixth
thousand," publisher's cloth; copy D, 1872 impression, three-quarter morocco,
James R. Osgood publisher. This book had its origins as Whittier's attempt to
recreate his farm boyhood and to memorialize now dead family members like
his mother and sister Elizabeth. He began the poem in the summer of 1865,

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