Citation
The Parkman Dexter Howe Library

Material Information

Title:
The Parkman Dexter Howe Library
Creator:
Howe, Parkman Dexter, d. 1980
Ives, Sidney
Rheault, Charles A
Goodspeed, George T
Stoddard, Roger E
Borst, Raymond R
Myerson, Joel
O'Neal, David L
O'Neal, Mary T
MacDonnell, Kevin B
Baum, Rosalie Murphy
Pickard, John B
Tanselle, G. Thomas ( George Thomas ), 1934-
Crane, Joan St. C
Lancaster, John, 1943-
Hurff, Carmen Russell
Tilton, Eleanor Marguerite, 1913-
Winship, Michael
University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville
Publisher:
University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
10 v. : ill., facsims., port. ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
American literature -- Bibliography -- Catalogs -- New England ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
catalog ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Limited edition of 500 copies.
General Note:
Includes index.
Statement of Responsibility:
Sidney Ives, general editor.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier:
020749141 ( ALEPH )
09973186 ( OCLC )
ACK1418 ( NOTIS )
84008702 ( LCCN )

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Full Text























THE UNIVERSITY


The
Parkman Dexter Howe
Library
M PART I 5


OF F LOR IDA














The

Parkman Dexter Howe


Library

PART I

SIDNEY IVES GENERAL EDITOR



The Collector and the Collections
Charles A. Rheault George T. Goodspeed
Parkman Dexter Howe

&

A Descriptive Catalogue
of the Early New England Books
Roger E. Stoddard




THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

GAINESVILLE 1988







The South part of New-England, as it is

Planted this ycare, 16 34












2 2














3 I 4





L nL -.LLLit_,L L
















THE
PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE
LIBRARY
























































Bachrach
P-D-H














The

Parkman Dexter Howe

Library

PART I

SIDNEY IVES GENERAL EDITOR



The Collector and the Collections
Charles A. Rheault George T. Goodspeed
Parkman Dexter Howe

&

A Descriptive Catalogue
of the Early New England Books
Roger E. Stoddard




THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

GAINESVILLE 1983











EDITORIAL BOARD
THE PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY
THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

Raymond Gay-Crosier, Chairman; Professor of French Alistair M. Duckworth, Professor of English
T. Walter Herbert, Emeritus Professor of English Sidney Ives, Librarian, Rare Books & Manuscripts
Aubrey Williams, Graduate Research Professor of English


BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CONSULTANT John Alden, Emeritus Keeper of Rare Books
Boston Public Library


OF COUNSEL
John Lancaster
Special Collections, Archives, Amherst College
Ruth Mortimer
Rare Books, Smith College
Roger E. Stoddard
The Houghton Library, Harvard University


@ 198s The University of Florida


All rights reserved















CONTENTS





Honorary Curators and Donors 3 Preface 9


THE COLLECTOR AND THE COLLECTIONS

Charles A. Rheault: P.D.H.-The Book Collector at Home 17 George T. Goodspeed: P.D.H.-The Book Collector Afield 22 Parkman Dexter Howe: My New England Authors 29


A DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF
THE EARLY NEW ENGLAND BOOKS Roger E. Stoddard
Foreword 41 Key to Bibliographic Citations 42 Early New England Books 45 Index: Provenances 78 Index: Authors and Titles 74















ILLUSTRATIONS


ENDPAPERS: "The South part of New-England... 1634."
Woodcut folding map, William Wood,
New Englands Prospect

FRONTISPIECE: Parkman Dexter Howe in 1946,
photograph by Fabian Bachrach

P L A T E I: Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of facingpage 56
America

P L A T E Ii: John Josselyn, New-Englands Rarities 56 PLATE III: Anne Bradstreet, Several Poems 57 PL A T E IV: William Hill Brown, The Power of Sympathy 57 P L A T E v: Noah Webster, A Brief History of Epidemic and
Pestilential Diseases 64 PLATE VI: Increase Mather, KOMHTOrPA


















August of 1980 was a mensis mirabilis at the University of Florida. In thirty days, supporters of the University replied to my letter of appeal with the funds needed to buy Parkman Howe's library and to support publication of these catalogues. The promptness and generosity of those donations was one of the most gladdening experiences of my life.
This publication expresses our gratitude to our donors and to Mr. Howe's heirs. I had the privilege of being with the collector's four children when we celebrated our acquisition in December 1981. I'd like to thank them again, and to dedicate these catalogues to Marietta, Maude, Parkie, and David.
ROBERT Q. MARSTON
President
The University of Florida















NOTE


The acquisition of Parkman Dexter Howe's library of New England literature means a great deal to the University of Florida Libraries. We are a research library, and any opportunity to establish and make available an extraordinary research resource for the academic community satisfies our most fundamental raison d'etre.
Henry Saltonstall Howe, Parkman Dexter Howe's father, started such a research collection in 1864, long before the University of Florida Libraries came into existence. For more than a century these two men accumulated and generously shared with scholars the books and manuscripts that are the beginnings of a native American literature. We can do no better than to emulate that tradition.
This catalogue acknowledges the collectors whose percipience created the Howe library, the contributors who made the acquisition possible, and the bibliographers who have organized and written the descriptive entries. The catalogue, however, does something more, of equal importance: it establishes the dedication of the Libraries to the maintenance and enhancement of this type of research resource for the academic community. It is this dedication that truly honors the past and encourages our present endeavor.
GUSTAVE A. HARRER
Director of Libraries
The University of Florida
















HONORARY CURATORS
AND DONORS



















HONORARY CURATORS&DONORS



Gifts from the following corporations, foundations, and friends enabled the University of Florida to purchase the Howe Collection. Each donor is named on the bookplate in an important manuscript or printed work. Exceptional gifts are recognized by honorary curatorships of complete author collections.


HONORARY CURATORS

Mr. and Mrs. Jean P. Ahrano Robert Frost
in appreciation of Dr. and Mrs. Charles Archibald Robertson and Misses
Marjorie and Ruth White


Mr. and Mrs. Shepard Broad


Henry David Thoreau


Mr. and Mrs. James D. Camp, Jr.
Louisa May Alcott, William Cullen Bryant .Nathaniel Hawthorne, Francis Parkman


Mr. Thomas Chastain


Mr. and Mrs. Henry H. Danger


John Greenleaf Whittier

John Lothrop Motley


Mr. and Mrs. William M. Goza James Russell Lowell
in memory of William M. Goza, Sr., and Edna Webb Goza


Mrs. Donald F. Hyde Mr. H. E. Johnson
in memory of Howard Phillips Dr. and Mrs. Robert Q. Marston


Edna St. Vincent Millay


Henry Adams Emily Dickinson









PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Mr. and Mrs. William E. Minshall Miss Mildred Overstreet Hon. and Mrs. Bryan Simpson Gen. and Mrs. James A. Van Fleet Dr. and Mrs. E. T. York, Jr.


Edwin Arlington Robinson
Amy Lowell
Thomas Bailey Aldrich Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Richard Henry Dana, Jr.


CORPORATE AND FOUNDATION DONORS


ABC Liquors, Inc. ABC Research Corporation Akerman, Senterfitt & Eidson Alico, Inc.
W. S. Badcock Corporation The Estate of Ralph R. Bailey Belk Lindsey Stores The George P. Bickford
Foundation
The Shepard Broad Foundation Charity, Inc. The Chastain Foundation Connecticut General Insurance
Corporation
The Continental Group
Foundation, Inc.
The Jack Eckerd Corporation
Foundation
Exposition Foundation, Inc. Fidelity Federal Savings and
Loan Association, West Palm
Beach
First Federal Savings and Loan
Association of Orlando


Florida Federal Savings and
Loan Association
The Florida Times-Union Food Ranch, Inc. The Gainesville Surgical Group Great American Book Fairs Ben Hill Griffin, Inc. The John M. Hammer
Foundation
International Media Systems,
Inc.
George W. Jenkins Foundation,
Inc.
Foundation of Jewish
Philanthropies
Johnson and Higgins Jay I. Kislak Philanthropic Fund Noah and Nina Liff Family
Foundation
M & H Foods, Inc. Metal Industries Foundation,
Inc.
Miller Enterprises, Inc. News-Journal Corporation


4









HONORARY CURATORS AND DONORS


Overstreet Foundation W. M. Palmer Co., Inc. The Bank of Pasco County A. P. Phillips Foundation The Dr. P. Phillips Foundation Racal-Milgo, Inc. Richardson Foundation, Inc. Sav-A-Stop Foundation, Inc.


Schopke Construction Sentinel Star Association, Inc. Sycamore Creek, Inc. Betty Keene Thomas Trust United States Sugar Corporation The Wentworth Foundation,
Inc.
Wilhelm Veterinary Clinic


INDIVIDUAL DONORS


Hon. Alto Lee Adams, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Alto Lee Adams, Jr. Mr. Mark A. Ahrano
in honor of Edwina Lovelle Ahrano Mr. William Y. Akerman Mrs. Martin Andersen
in honor of T. Picton Warlow and
Martin Andersen
Dr. and Mrs. Clyde 0. Anderson Dr. Jere W. Annis Anonymous
in honor of Sidney Ives Anonymous
in memory of U. S. "Preacher"
Gordon
Mr. Fred W. Barber Dr. Jean Lester Bennett Ms. Donna K. Berger Mr. and Mrs. George P. Bickford Dr. and Mrs. Hal G. Bingham Mr. and Mrs. John B. Boy Dr. Yvonne Brackbill. Mr. Daniel B. Bronson Dr. William L. Brown


Mrs. Louise R. Butler
in honor and memory of her
husband, Byron N. Butler
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Carter
in memory of Clarence Reid
McMaster, Jr.
Mrs. Emory L. Cocke
in memory of her husband, Emory
Logan Cocke
Mr. and Mrs. William G.
Conomos
Mr. Francis P. Conroy Mr. Alec P. Courtelis Mr. Anthony W. Cunningham Mrs. Snead Y. Davis Mr. Henry Dawes
in honor of Frazar B. Wilde
Mr. Herbert M. Davidson, Sr. Dr. and Mrs. Allen Y. DeLaney Mr. Sam T. Dell, Jr.
in honor of his parents, Sam T. Dell,
Sr., and Ollie W. Dell Mr. William H. Dial
in honor of John C. Dial, brother
and alumnus, University of Florida


5










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Ms. Mary K. Dixon Mr. and Mrs. John W. Donahoo Mr. and Mrs. Atwood Dunwody Mr. George T. Eidson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Ervin Mr. Frederick E. Fisher Mr. William Snow Frates
in memory of his mother,
Susan Snow Frates
Dr. and Mrs. Leonard T.
Furlow, Jr.
in memory of Dr. and Mrs.
Leonard T. Furlow, Sr. Mrs. Marjorie A. Gay Mr. W. W. Gay Mr. Philip E. Gerlach, Jr. Mr. Delbridge L. Gibbs Mr. M. Carr Gibson
in memory of Lt. Hutch Gibson,
killed in action, 1969
Hon. Fred S. Gilbert, Jr.
in honor of Mabel Parker Gilbert Mr. and Mrs. Raleigh W.
Greene, Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. Raleigh W.
Greene, III
Mr. and Mrs. Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. Mr. James Thomas Gurney Mr. John M. Hammer, Sr. Mr. John David Harris, Jr.
in memory of Peggy Harris and
Dr. Rowland E. Wood Mr. Mack V. Hart Mr. Frederick A. Hauck Mr. C. H. Hickox, Sr. Mrs. Betsy M. Holloway
in honor of Dr. Rufus M.
Holloway, Jr.


Mr. and Mrs. John D. Holloway Mr. Robert M. Howard, Sr.
in memory of his brother, Julian D.
Howard
Mrs. Dora Donner Ide Mrs. Hazel 0. Jacobs Mr. George W. Jenkins Mr. Hjalma E. Johnson Mrs. Vera W. Judge
in honor of her mother, Charity P.
Wilder, and sisters Evangeline
and Hanoiese Wilder
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur M. Kahn
in appreciation to the University of Florida for the years 1983 to 1938 Mr. Marvin D. Kahn Mr. Kenneth K. Keene Mrs. Mary G. Keene Hon. D. Burke Kibler, III Mr. Jay I. Kislak Mr. William Bryan Leath Mr. David H. Levin Mr. and Mrs. P. Scott Linder Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Lykes Mr. Mitchell S. Magid
in remembrance of Dr. C. Archibald
Robertson, my esteemed mentor
and great, good friend
Mr. Raymer F. Maguire, Jr. Mr. William S. Maurer Mr. Michael M. McFall
in remembrance of Anna W. McFall Dr. Thomas B. McGinty
in honor of Theresa McGinty and
Joan Diamond
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan Dr. and Mrs. Emanuel Merdinger Mrs. Esther Gatlin Miller


6










HONORARY CURATORS AND DONORS


Mr. George C. Miller, Jr.
in honor of George C. Miller, Sr. Mr. Paul L. Minshall Mr. and Mrs. Fred Y.
Montsdeoca
Hon. John H. Moore, II Mr. Albert C. O'Neill, Jr. Mr. Fareed T. Ossi Mr. Whitfield M. Palmer, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Parrish Mr. Fred P. Pettijohn
in honor of Phil and Mark Pettijohn Mr. Alton G. Pitts Mr. Fred Wallace Pope, Jr. Drs. Nell W. and James M.
Potter
in honor of Mrs. Wendell C. Potter Mrs. Annie C. Pound Mr. Earl P. Powers Dr. Frederick N. Rhines Mr. and Mrs. Dan K. Richardson Mr. Dwight L. Rogers, Jr. Mr. J. William Rood Dr. and Mrs. Melvin L. Rubin Mr. Johnson S. Savary
in honor of Mrs. Mary T. Savary Mr. Gert H. W. Schmidt Mr. E. Neil Schopke Mr. Paul T. Selle Mr. Donald T. Senterfitt Mr. Marshall C. Sewall Mr. William Paul Shelley, Jr. Mr. Frederick Buren Smith Mr. Lloyd Smith, Jr.


Mrs. Tybel Spivack
in loving memory of her husband,
A. H. Spivack
Dr. and Mrs. Benjamin L.
Stalnaker, Jr.
Mr. John Hardwick Stembler
in honor of U. S. "Preacher" Gordon Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell P. Stiles Mr. and Mrs. Howard
Stoughton, Jr.
Mrs. Betty Keene Thomas
in loving memory of Bette W.
Adams
Dr. James B. Tobias Mr. Henry S. Toland
in honor of Belva Sutton Toland Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E.
Triplett
Mr. David L. Turley Mr. J. T. Walker, Sr.
in honor of Mrs. Alliday Walker Dr. Paul F. Wallace
in memory of Helen Freeman
Holmes, 1900-1976
Mr. Alfred C. Warrington, IV Mr. and Mrs. Welcom H.
Watson
Mr. P. A. B. Widener, III Mrs. Amy S. Wilcox Dr. and Mrs. Ralph S.
Wilhelm, Jr.
Mr. James Y. Wilson Mr. Richard S. Wolfson
in memory of Maurice and
Julia Wolfson
Mr. Ben D. Wood Mr. Leo Wotitzky


7



















PREFACE




A N I MP ORTA NT PART of the University of Florida's negotiations for Mr. Parkman Howe's library was a promise to publish a catalogue recording the collection, memorializing the collector, and honoring the donors who made the purchase possible. The collections are now accessioned, and the time has come to publish.
In May of 1982 I asked three distinguished bibliographers to spend a weekend examining the collections and drawing up guidelines for the catalogue. Roger E. Stoddard is Associate Librarian of the Houghton Library, Harvard, chairman of the Bibliographical Society of America's supervisory committee for the Bibliography of American Literature (BAL), and bibliographer of American poetry printed before 1821; John Lancaster is the Special Collections Librarian at Amherst College and co-editor, with Ruth Mortimer, of the Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America; Miss Mortimer is also Curator of Rare Books at Smith College and the author of monumental bibliographies of Italian and French sixteenth-century illustrated books.
We worked with several goals in mind: opening this celebrated library for research, noting the provenances of these special copies, and making the catalogue of maximum use to scholars both as a finding guide and as a guide to the inscriptions and marginalia in many of the books.
We agreed that the catalogue should be published in separate sections, with each author or subject field edited by an acknowledged authority. For that reason, we could not publish in a predetermined order, nor in one or two volumes, without a long delay. Publication in fascicles gives us flexibility in finding scholars who can fit the work into their individual schedules and commitments.









PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


A major strength of the library is the accumulation in one place of different versions of an author's texts. In American publication, and especially in the nineteenth century, a piece of poetry or prose was often printed and reprinted in different formats. A poem might appear in a separate broadside or leaflet, as did Emerson's "Concord Hymn"; then in a newspaper, or in an Order of Exercises; in a magazine; in anthologies and gift books; in a book of the author's selected poems; and finally in an author's collected works.
Our catalogue will record all the versions of texts that are available in the Howe Library: in manuscripts, leaflets, newspapers, sheet music, annuals, anthologies, first and revised printings in books and magazines. Scholars may learn that time, expense, and travel can be saved by a single visit to Gainesville.
Great research potential resides in the many inscribed and annotated books in the collection. Inscriptions may establish otherwise uncertain relations between the author and his friends, dates of publication, or otherwise unascertainable sequences of printing or binding. In some copies, authors have revised or corrected printed texts by hand. Sometimes annotations prove the authorship of works published anonymously. George D. Prentice's Biography of Henry Clay is partly by Whittier, but his exact contributions would be unknown except for the Howe copy, in which Whittier himself indicated the parts he had written. Important biographical data are established by inscriptions in the collection. James Russell Lowell's poems to his fiancee, Maria White, scribbled on the flyleaves of a book while he and Maria summered at Nantasket in 1841, shed new light on the poet's private life.
Scholars will find an index to personal names in inscriptions, bookplates, documents, and other sources outside the printed texts. Autograph letters and authors' manuscripts will be fully authenticated, described, and indexed, so that users of the catalogue can know what kinds of bibliographical and biographical information may be derived from them.
The bibliographical work will be done by scholars with particular knowledge of the problems in American printing. For convenience and economy, standard descriptions such as those in the BAL will be cited,


10









PREFACE


rather than repeated, but the citations will be valuable, of course, only if the Howe copy has been compared in physical make-up, text, and appearance with the standard description of the work. Agreement of the cited description with the copy in hand will be rigorously verified by an authority in whom confidence can be reposed. In effect, bibliographical specialists will describe copies so that local scholars can work with the books, and distant scholars with the catalogue.
All of us involved with planning the catalogue agreed that we would like to see the titles reproduced in full, but when we were working in the collections last summer, it became plain that we could not go all the way with photographic reproductions of the titles; we also determined that it would be impossible to be consistent in quasi-facsimile transcription of materials printed over a span of 350 years, in many different formats. Because a good bibliographical base exists for the collection (the facsimiles in the Church catalogue, for example, reproduce many titles in the Early New England section), we decided to use simplified titles and regularized capitalization and punctuation.
Bibliographers have been generally instructed to follow the Chicago Manual of Style, to record collational variants from standard descriptions of books, to describe bindings, and to note all manuscript inscriptions and signs of provenance. Printed pieces are entered chronologically from the earliest publication, and the initials of authors or subjects are combined with numerals, beginning with "1," for entry codes (e.g., the Early New England books are numbered ENE 1-78).
Letters and manuscripts will form a second section coded with authors' initials and the letters "MS." For example, H~enry] W[adsworth] L[ongfellow) =HWL MS 1, etc.
Each collection will be indexed by author and title and by such personal names as occur in ownership inscriptions and marginalia. These indices will be combined in the final fascicle. Subscribers can, of course, bind up the whole series in any sequence they choose.
A few books have already been added to Mr. Howe's library. Early works previously acquired by the University are designated "UF copy." At the conclusion of our fund drive a nucleus of donors formed the Howe Society to publicize and support the library. Other friends have since


11









PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


joined us, and their dues have enabled us to fill some lacunae in the collections-designated "Gift of the Howe Society" in the cataloguesand to enjoy an annual bibliophilic dinner. At the first of these, George Goodspeed and Charles Rheault gave the addresses printed in this volume, later repeating them before the Club of Odd Volumes in Boston, where they and Mr. Howe and I talked books for a quarter of a century. Mr. Howe's own account of his library is reprinted from The Book Collector ( 1963).
The Early New England shelves in the library, described in this first fascicle, represent the final phase of Mr. Howe's collecting and differs from all the others. He bought only the most important books of that period as the background for his author collections from the next two centuries. Mr. Stoddard has described this section of the library and noted any variations from our general bibliographical principles caused by the special nature of his section.
John Alden, distinguished bibliographer and Americanist, now at Brown University, Emeritus Keeper of Rare Books at the Boston Public Library, has agreed to serve as bibliographical consultant to the entire project and will describe our collections of Henry Adams, Bronson Alcott, and Louisa May Alcott in future fascicles.
Miss Mortimer is working on the Edna St. Vincent Millay and Harriet Prescott Spofford collections, and Mr. Lancaster, who has recently catalogued Amherst's Robert Frost holdings, on our manuscripts and printings by that poet.
Other collections will be described by Eleanor M. Tilton, Barnard College professor and bibliographer of Whittier and Holmes; G. Thomas Tanselle, bibliographer, and vice-president of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation; Michael Winship, editor of the BAL; Professor Joel Myerson of the University of South Carolina, who has just published extensive bibliographies of Emerson and Emily Dickinson; Raymond R. Borst, collector and bibliographer of Thoreau; C. E. Frazer Clark, Jr., Hawthorne collector and bibliographer; Kevin MacDonnell, collector, and bibliographer for the Jenkins Company; David O'Neal, bookseller, and bibliographer, under Jacob Blanck, of the Longfellow section of the BAL; and Melvyn New, general editor of the University


12











of Florida's edition of Laurence Sterne, and John B. Pickard, editor of the Harvard edition of Whittier's letters, both professors in the English department at the University of Florida. We are deeply indebted to all these scholars.
An editor's last duty is the most pleasant one, that of pulling back the curtains and asking the cast to take a bow.
First comes George Goodspeed, who suggested I try to secure Mr. Howe's collections for the University of Florida and acted thereafter as an intermediary with the heirs. Charles Rheault, Mr. Howe's son-in-law and executor, and I worked out the agreement to keep the library intact and to produce a catalogue memorializing the collector and honoring our donors.
Next is Gustave Harrer, Director of Libraries at the University of Florida. Dr. Harrer saw immediately the research value of Mr. Howe's library, and his enthusiasm aroused that of Dr. Robert Q. Marston, our president, who repeatedly spread the word to Gator fans on radio and TV at football half-time. With time growing short, Samuel Gowan, Assistant Director for Special Resources, brought in a large gift from William Goza, trustee of the Wentworth Foundation, that paid for a purchase agreement with Mr. Howe's heirs. J. Ardene Wiggins and William K. Stone, of the Office of Development and Alumni Affairs, took over in a whirlwind campaign to round up funds before our option ran out in September. Mrs. Lilla Moye, of that office, was our superb liaison.
On the first of August 1980, President Marston wrote eloquently to all members of the Presidents Council (friends to the University), describing the collections, to which he had made a personal contribution, and appealing for help. Almost immediately a trickle of letters became a flood of checks-some of them large. Before the end of August we had the money in hand for a first down payment, and additional pledges for the second payment next September. At that time the president could announce that the contract was secure. This first number of the catalogue records the individuals and corporations who joined us.
Since that "marvelous adventure," as one vice-president called it, we have completed accessioning all parts of Mr. Howe's library-sheet music, magazines, serials, tickets, bills of fare, programs-all the scarce and


PREFACE


is










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


often unique ephemeral printings that will tell so much to scholars. We had advice from Michael Winship, who spent a weekend looking over the collections and suggesting how best to record them. All the books and manuscripts have also been recorded, and the trophies of our adventure are within bibliographical control.
Accessioning so enormous a range and quantity of unusual materials has been long and difficult. We had to adopt a system that would maintain some kind of order while work went on. We numbered the pieces according to the box (there were 117) in which they were shippedthe boxes were lettered "SALVAGE" to discourage curiosity-then by their places on the shelves. We thus have a temporary call number and shelf position for every piece.
This task went on for two years. Fortunately I had the help of three wise ladies: Miss Linda Huntoon, marvelously sweet-natured and a tireless typist; Miss Elizabeth Vandiver, of seemingly limitless knowledge and invention; and Miss Carmen Russell, who imposes order and form on our inconsistencies, our false starts, and the ornate diction that is to me a fatal Cleopatra.
The members of the Editorial Board have spent many hours reviewing and improving printers' copy. Professors Raymond Gay-Crosier, Alistair Duckworth, Walter Herbert, and Aubrey Williams worked with a grace and a trenchancy that made our meetings as pleasant as they were valuable. I think we all look forward to collaboration on future publications in the series.
SIDNEY IVES
General Editor
The Parkman Dexter Howe Library


14



















THE COLLECTOR
AND THE COLLECTIONS

by
CHARLES A. RHEAULT GEORGE T. GOODSPEED PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE




















P-D-H

THE BOOK COLLECTOR AT HOME





H AVING thoughtfully foreseen the possibility that some users of
this catalogue might inquire what sort of man had collected all these books, Sidney Ives kindly suggested that I might provide some background information about Parkman Dexter Howe, a man of great scope, widely varied interests, and remarkable energy.
As one who was fortunate enough to have known him as my father-inlaw for a third of a century, I find on recollection that one of the most astonishing aspects of Mr. Howe's life is that he could have collected even a few hundred-never mind several thousand-books, for he was so continuously busy in so many varied pursuits that there would hardly be the time, the interest, and the perseverance to do it all.
First and foremost, Parkman Howe was a family man, fond of his children and grandchildren, and devoted to his wife. His other great passion was sailing, whether in a Herreshoff twelve-footer or in a ten-metre racing sloop; he was a first-rate navigator in cruising the farthest shores of downeast Maine; he was a highly competitive helmsman in the often stormy waters of Buzzards Bay; and he was even a noted cook in the galley when called upon. He was also a considerable collector of silverware, and would sweep up several trophies each summer.
When the sailing season was over, Mr. Howe's chief weekend delight was in pruning and clearing the woods and flowering shrubs surrounding his Needham home; he was an ardent and skillful woodsman and, beyond that, a self-taught horticulturist who was equally adept in the art of establishing espaliered fruit trees, or in the planting and cultivating of an


C 17 j









PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


extensive rose garden. As yet another hobby, he took up woodcarving, and then the making of fine furniture; his skill can still be attested by four superior pieces which have been passed on to his children.
In business, Parkman Howe was involved for most of his life with the manufacture of textile machinery, and it is fair to say that he was eminently successful: in each of three firms he became either treasurer or president. During this strenuous period, he still found time to take an active part in civic affairs: he was a selectman for three years; he was chairman of the local draft board during World War II; he was a vestryman and senior warden for his church for nine years; and after leaving business affairs, he became first treasurer and then president of the Children's Hospital in Boston, for a ten-year period.
Collecting books was not one of Mr. Howe's interests until he was in his early forties, when he became seriously involved. Later, he would find it hard to describe the process by which he began to collect; he would usually shrug his shoulders, give a sheepish grin, and admit that it had become an "addiction." From what I have learned from various fragments of family history, I venture to offer a reasonable hypothesis for the addiction.
First, he grew up in a book-collecting environment where his father, Henry Saltonstall Howe, accumulated a truly vast library; the senior Howe collected notable association and presentation copies, first editions of Austen, Hardy, and Eliot, over one hundred books about Napoleon and his times, one book each from the libraries of the presidents of the United States, many multi-volume sets in fine bindings, and a host of other items. Parkman was the youngest of five children, and I dare say he was the closest to his father, and especially so in his book-collecting period; certainly he was the only one of the children who went on to collect seriously.
Second, when Henry S. Howe died in 1931, the huge library was divided up by his five heirs and the individual collections were dismantled. Except for the association copies and the presidential library books, which were bequeathed to Harvard, the rest of the books were widely dispersed, with children taking by turns individual books out of an author collection. This, Parkman Howe mentioned to me much later, was a great pity.


18









THE BOOK COLLECTOR AT HOME


With his share of his father's library, Mr. Howe received a number of books by New England authors, and particularly interesting were those by John Greenleaf Whittier, who was a friend and neighbor of his grandfather in the Haverhill days. Parkman Howe felt the pull of his father's interest, and after some reflection, decided to collect a few more books in the New England field. From Whittier it was an easy leap to Longfellow and Holmes; and soon Hawthorne, Emerson, and Thoreau; eventually, his interests went all the way back to the literary beginnings of New England history. He began first by trying to fill some evident gaps, and would try to exchange or purchase books which his brothers or sister had. Then he began to inquire where other needed titles could be found, and by a rather happy coincidence there was, readily at hand in Boston, Goodspeed's Book Shop-where he began an active and cordial association that persisted for almost fifty years.
Mr. Howe's "addiction" grew apace in the nineteen thirties. Although much of his correspondence was not preserved, he did decide to keep three large letterfiles for the years 1933-1936, years during which he was a selectman; the files were full of town affairs, of course, but when I went through the attic after his death in 1980, I found at the end of each file a thick folder of correspondence about books. It was astonishing to see that hardly a week went by without one or two letters being written
-to booksellers, to fellow collectors, to scholars, to descendants of New England authors who might have a clue as to where a long-lost eightpage pamphlet might be hidden.
As the trickle of books became a steady stream, Mr. Howe's den in Needham began to overflow; to make shelf space available for New England authors, other books were moved to the living room and the bedrooms; then even some of the New Englanders had to be relegated to the attic and, by the nineteen fifties, even to the basement. He bought a summer cottage in Wellfleet whose shelves were soon filled; now in retirement and busily gardening eight hours a day, he still could not resist temptation when he dropped into a bookstore and found that a Cape Cod author had written some forty novels. Over several years, he found them all, first editions, of course, and was delighted with his finds, even though he did not consider them as properly part of his collection of New England authors.


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A recurring theme in Mr. Howe's conversation about books was always "the sheer fun of it." He enjoyed pursuing an elusive title, finding a previously unknown publication, discovering by chance an autograph letter tucked into an old book. He derived an immense amount of pleasure from talking and writing to fellow collectors, booksellers, bibliographers, and anyone who shared his love for books. He would never, though, force his own interest upon a general conversation, and he was so modest in everything that very few people knew him as a book collector. Mr. Howe was extremely diffident about the size and quality of his collection, insisting that other collectors had done a much better job. It was only with some reluctance that he was willing to write a short article for The Book Collector, and he brought the first draft to Sidney Ives (then working at the Houghton Library) only with the most grievous misgivings.
As did his father before him, Parkman Howe derived a special kind of thrill from association copies. He never claimed to be a scholar, nor did he ever claim to be deeply read in the literature of the authors whom he collected, but nonetheless the possession of a book once held in hand by its author, who had then inscribed his name, gave him an immediacy, a feeling that he had met the author himself. For almost all of the New England authors whom he collected, the association copy was the closest he could get to the author; but in the case of Robert Frost, there was a living poet not very far away and, one day in the late nineteen fifties, Mr. Frost was invited to Sunday luncheon in Needham. At that time, Frost was almost at the crest of his fame and popularity; Mr. Howe had been collecting his books for many years, had often corresponded with him, and had a very complete collection of the works, and most of the ephemera as well.
The usual Sunday luncheon, as practiced by Mr. and Mrs. Howe, was a considerable event which included not only children but numerous grandchildren. Matters would begin with the insidious Howe cocktail, shaken up in a large silver milk pitcher (a trophy awarded to Henry S. Howe in his days as an eminent breeder of dairy herds). Luncheon was of formidable size; while the patriarch carved the roast of beef, a succession of enticing dishes were passed until all the plates were full to the brim. Afterwards, the ladies retired to the living room and the gentle-


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men, in the book-lined den, sipped coffee and lit up excellent cigars.
What Robert Frost made of all this, I cannot say, except that he was gracious, affable, and voluble. I wish I could report that I had written down every word uttered by the poet, but I cannot; I do vividly remember Frost's often unusual choice of words and the cadences of his speech, so markedly different from ordinary small talk. The whole event was memorable in every way, and the host remarked that night that it was the high spot in his love affair with books.
As time rolled on into the nineteen sixties, Parkman Howe had to face a problem which eventually besets all collectors: what to do with the collection after he has gone. Although he had been a member of the Overseer's Visiting Committee to the Harvard University Library, he felt that he would not leave his books to Harvard; as he told me, "Harvard already has most of what I have, and perhaps some college far from New England, which has not widely collected New England authors, would be more interested." His decision, finally, was to leave the entire collection to his children in his will.
The four children in turn had to decide: would the large collection be divided into four collections, with each author's work kept intact, to be treasured by succeeding generations? Or were the books to be sold separately over a period of time for a new generation of collectors? Or should the collection be kept intact and made available to an institution which could care for it? There was, as can be imagined, considerable discussion, but with three generations' vivid memories of book collecting, a strong undercurrent developed towards keeping the collection intact. When the University of Florida evinced a strong interest, Sidney made an excellent presentation of its real need for the Howe Library, of its concern for the careful conservation of the books, and of the scholarly use to which the books would be put.
A final decision was soon reached, and the heirs unanimously accepted the proposal by the University of Florida, where the Howe collection has now found a good home, not only to be treasured but also to be well utilized; and now, many, many others may share the inspiration and enjoyment which were those of Parkman Dexter Howe.
CHARLES A. RHEAULT, JR.


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P A RKMAN D. HOWE was born in Brookline, Massachusetts,
in 1889, of old Essex County stock. A grandfather, Nathaniel Saltonstall Howe, and John Greenleaf Whittier were schoolmates at the Haverhill Academy. His father, Henry Saltonstall Howe, was active for many years in the textile industry and was a bibliophile. After graduating from Harvard in 1911, the son followed his father into the textile business, in which he continued until his retirement in 1946.
The P. D. Howe collection was forty years in the making. For the first thirty of those years it was limited to books and manuscripts of the more important New England authors, mainly of the nineteenth century. In 1963 Mr. Howe was able to write that "with a very few exceptions [I] have all of the first book editions of the principal authors of my period." Having reached this happy state of satiety, he began to collect the earlier New England writers.
The bulk of the collection, then, is in the writers of the nineteenth century. It follows, with minor variations, the pattern of its predecessors, those of J. C. Chamberlain, Stephen H. Wakeman, W. T. H. Howe (no relation), and Carroll A. Wilson. The influence of Wakeman and Wilson is particularly evident.
Having begun buying books in a small way in 1931, Mr. Howe commenced collecting seriously in the last quarter of 1932. He had recently come into his inheritance, and opportunities for the collector were many. The Wakeman collection had been dispersed, W. T. H. Howe was becoming inactive, Wilson's buying was curtailed as a result of the stock

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market crash, and Waller Barrett was yet to appear on the scene. Family libraries were still being broken up in Boston's Back Bay. Segments of James Russell Lowell's library, rich, of course, in association copies, were coming on the market. Valuable remnants of the Wakeman collection were still in the hands of dealers like P. K. Foley, C. E. Goodspeed, and Lathrop C. Harper. And with the depressed state of the economy, there was little serious competition among collectors.
In addition to the classic New Englanders-Bryant, Emerson, Hawthorne, 0. W. Holmes, Longfellow, Lowell, Thoreau, and Whittierthe Howe collection takes in a baker's dozen more: Henry Adams, Louisa May Alcott, T. B. Aldrich, R. H. Dana, Jr., Harriet Beecher Stowe, Emily Dickinson, Mary Baker Eddy, Robert Frost, Herman Melville, Edna St. Vincent Millay, and E. A. Robinson. Later on a few more contemporary New England writers, his friend David McCord, and his classmate Conrad Aiken, to name but two, were added.
I have remarked on the extent to which the example of the Wakeman and Wilson collections is reflected in Mr. Howe's library. Three years Howe's senior, Wilson had begun as a collector in 1925 and thus had half a dozen years' start on his younger rival. It was Wilson's nature to cultivate the companionship of like-minded bibliophiles, and in the case of Howe, this developed into friendship, to the extent that in his will Wilson made a bequest: "To my friend Parkman D. Howe . with whom for so many years I have enjoyed friendly competition in the collection of American literature, such five items as . he may select from my Whittier collection. . ."
The Howe collection was thus enriched with five pieces of outstanding rarity: the broadside first printing of The Quakers Are Out, The Song of the Vermonters broadside of 1843, the presentation copy of Snowbound in white cloth (only one other in this binding is recorded), The Pennsylvania Hall Address on thick paper, and the copy of Prentice's Life of Henry Clay inscribed by Whittier to his uncle, with evidence of the extent to which he was a collaborator in what was in a sense his first book.
These were, indeed, but frosting on the cake. Perhaps partly because of earlier family associations with Whittier, that Quaker poet was one of Mr. Howe's major enthusiasms, and, even without the Wilson bequest,


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this collection would have been preeminent. Inscribed copies of Justice and Expediency to his cousin Daniel, and Moll Pitcher to his schoolmate Harriet Minot, are but two sensational examples of the treasures which go to make up the eighty-odd pages in Mr. Howe's Whittier catalogue.
The Holmes collection was also strengthened by acquisitions from the Wilson estate. It had been Wilson's hope that his great collection of the poet-physician might be kept together in the library of Williams College, his alma mater, but the trustees of that institution found themselves unable to comply with the terms laid out in the will, and the collection was sold. From it Mr. Howe was able to add an impressive total of sixty-three items which had previously eluded him. Some of these were unique, and all were of very great rarity. Among them were Holmes's first book, Illustrations of the Athenaeum Gallery of Paintings, the complete file in parts of The Collegian, including the original separate issue of Part IV (there is no other known), the only complete file known of The Amateur, 1830, containing the first printing of fifteen pieces by Holmes; one of two recorded copies of the first issue of the Fourth of July Oration and of the poem for the dedication of the new Boston city library (1888). The other copy of this last is properly entombed in the cornerstone of the Boston Public Library, where, one may assume, it is likely to remain for some time. In all, the Holmes section contains nine pieces which appear to be unique.
In a way the Emerson collection is the most impressive in the library, including as it does both issues of The Letter to the Second Church and Society, marking Emerson's break with organized religion. We have here both forms in which this historic document appeared: the pamphlet (one of six known) and the large broadside printed on satin. And perhaps most important, the little leaflet of Emerson's "Concord Hymn." This last, the first printing of the famous lines "By the rude bridge that arched the flood," was handed out to the crowd gathered for the dedication of the monument at the North Bridge in Concord on the Fourth of July, 1837. Young Henry Thoreau was one of the choir participating in the ceremonies. Robert Frost used to say that this was the finest example of so-called occasional verse in the language, but Emerson's fellow townsmen on hand for the occasion were insufficiently impressed with the hymn


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to preserve its original printing in any great quantity. Only three other copies are known to survive.
The Emerson collection is especially rich in presentation copies, of which there are sixteen. The Phi Beta Kappa Oration of 1837 and the Divinity College Address of 1838 are inscribed to Elizabeth Hoar, the Poems of 1847 and Society and Solitude to James Russell Lowell, The Conduct of Life, as well as a second copy of the Poems, were gifts to his farmer friend Edmund Hosmer. The Emersons include even the pocketsized second edition of Whitman's Leaves of Grass flaunting on its spine the famous words "I greet you at the beginning of a great career. R. W. Emerson," surely the most conspicuous blurb in the annals of publishing.
The other author collections are hardly less remarkable. Mention may be made of Henry Adams's Memoirs of Marau Taaroa, 1893 (the only other copies are at Harvard and the Massachusetts Historical Society), with the queen's own ink corrections of the spelling of Tahitian names; Melville's John Marr, 1888, and Timoleon, 1891, each one of twenty-five copies; the first issue of Longfellow's Evangeline in the original boards; and the unique copy of the preliminary issue of the same author's first book, Outre-Mer.
The roster of authors' first books is substantially complete. In addition to those I have mentioned, we have Bryant's Embargo, 1808, published in his fourteenth year; Dana's Two Years Before the Mast, a presentation copy to the physician under whose prescription the famous voyage was undertaken; and Robinson's Torrent and the Night Before.
The only known copy of Frost's first book, Twilight, is at Charlottesville, but the rest of Frost's first editions are present, together with a very large collection of periodical appearances of his poems. There are many presentation copies, a number of them inscribed by the poet to Mr. Howe himself. The Order of Exercises for the Forty-First Anniversary of the Lawrence High School July 1st, 1892 contains the Class Hymn by Robert Frost. The Howe collection includes the copy of this leaflet preserved for many years by Frost's high school classmate Harriet Carter. When another copy appeared (we know of only five in all) it also was acquired by Mr. Howe, who generously gave it to the Houghton Library at Harvard.


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Wary of getting too deep in the collecting of manuscripts, Mr. Howe limited himself to not more than one holograph of each author. Within that limit, however, he was properly choosy, and the library is adorned with suchjewels as Hawthorne's Celestial Railroad, Lowell's The Courtin', Holmes's Parson Turell's Legacy (a bit from the Autocrat of the Breakfast Table), and the commencement part read by Thoreau at Harvard in 1837. This essay, on The Commercial Spirit of Modern Times Considered in Its Influence on the Political, Moral and Literary Character of a Nation, deals
with the subject in a predictably negative way. And appropriately enough, the youthful prodigy William Cullen Bryant is represented by a "Poem Composed by a Lad of Twelve Years Old."
Some mention must be made of the collection of Mary Baker Eddy's Science and Health, formed to show the evolution of the text of that enormously influential treatise. Its cornerstone is the copy of the first edition of 1875, inscribed by Mrs. Eddy to her son, and it includes twenty-three subsequent editions, three of them inscribed.
By the late forties most of the gaps in the collection were filled and little new material was turning up. Coincidentally, Mr. Howe retired from business at that time, devoting much of the next decade and a half to the service of the Children's Hospital in Boston. His urge to collect, however, continued unabated and he now turned his attention to the New England writers of an earlier era.
His first venture back into the seventeenth century was a singularly happy one, when he bought Anne Bradstreet's Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America, or Severall Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning, London, 1650. In acquiring this copy Mr. Howe obtained for his collection at once the earliest collection of secular poetry written in this country and the first published literary efforts of any American woman. It is, possibly, the most important book in his collection.
The previous history of this copy may be worth recounting. Its earliest known owner was Sir Mark Masterman Sykes (1771-1823), whose collection was sold by auction in the year following his death. It was next acquired (probably at the same auction) by William Henry Miller, founder of the Christie-Miller collection at Britwell Court. In March of 1924 the Bradstreet book, with others from Britwell Court, was sold at


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Sotheby's. The buyer must have returned it (or it may have been bought in), for it reappeared three years later in a sale of "valuable books unsold or returned as imperfect at the Sales of the Britwell Court Library," where, despite minor imperfections, it is described as "A VERY FINE copy." It was there bought by Quaritch, acting for Sir Leicester Harmsworth.
After Sir Leicester's death his library in turn was sold at Sotheby's over a term of years. The Tenth Muse duly appeared in the sale rooms on 21 February 1949. It was bought by Henry Stevens for Goodspeed's Book Shop who sold it to Mr. Howe a month later.
A second collection of Mrs. Bradstreet's poems was printed in Boston, in 1678. It contains poems not previously printed, and as a rare product of the colonial press, it is highly prized by collectors. Ernest J. Wessen, a well-known bookseller in Mansfield, Ohio, found a fine copy of it in 1958 and sold it to the Boston bookseller from whom Mr. Howe got it on New Year's Eve.
When he turned to the seventeenth century, Mr. Howe became more of a high spot collector. He commenced by making up a list of what he considered the most significant books of colonial New England and based his collection on it. We must not speak lightly of any collection which includes the two Bradstreets, Mourt's Relation of 1622, a large-paper copy of Mather's Magnalia, with the errata (the only part of that famous book to be printed in this country), Wood's New Englands Prospect, 1634, Roger Williams's Indian Grammar, 1643, and other great rarities described by Roger Stoddard.
Our collector was a generous patron of booksellers in New York and Boston. One thinks particularly of P. K. Foley in Boston and John Knox and David Randall in New York, to name but three, but he was not dependent on them. Some of his great treasures were secured by direct treaty with private owners. He has told how he pursued Whittier's Sycamores from Nantucket Island to Manhattan to Atlanta, before running it to earth in Seattle. The best of the Henry Adams books came through his membership in the Massachusetts Historical Society. His close relationship through the years with the Harvard Library gave access to rarities by Emerson; and social connections with prominent fam-


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ilies in Boston made bits and pieces out of Beacon Street and Commonwealth Avenue attics available to him. The collecting instinct ran deep.
He has said of his father, "I don't know what his first purchase was, but I well remember the last." I can say the same of the son. His last was a presentation copy of Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales inscribed by the author to Senator Ruel Williams of Maine. The senator was a family connection of Horatio Bridge, Hawthorne's friend and Bowdoin classmate who helped finance publication of the Tales. It was a fitting capstone.
It was fifty years ago that I first met Parkie Howe, and from then on I was intimately involved in the building of his library. As time went on, I became privileged to count him among my friends. He was a genial companion, whose sunny countenance and gentle humor made every visit with him a happy experience. He was one of the most uncomplicated people I have ever known. And over all the years I cannot recall a single instance when there was any trace of difference or misunderstanding between us. I shall always remember him with the deepest affection. They don't make many like him.
GEORGE T. GOODSPEED


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I SUPPOSE a collector begins for any one of a thousand reasons, and
each probably thinks his own is the best. I know that I do, for I inherited the disease from my father. He started his book collection while a Harvard freshman in 1864, and often went without lunches to buy a book which struck his fancy. I don't know what his first purchase was, but I well remember the last. He had collected at least one book from the library of each President of the United States with the exception of William Henry Harrison. Harrison's house with all his belongings had burned to the ground a short time before his death, and the search seemed almost hopeless. But one day he received a letter from a lady living in California saying that she had heard of his collection from the widow of President Benjamin Harrison and would like to sell a book given to her grandfather by William Henry, containing a statement in Harrison's hand that it had come from his library. My father immediately wrote to her that he would take it. The book arrived at his house two days after his death. This collection, with other of his books, is now in the Houghton Library at Harvard University.
During his later years my father told me much about his collecting experiences, but most important to me were his anecdotes about New England authors of the 19th century, many of whom he had known (he was closest to John G. Whittier, who had been his father's classmate at Haverhill Academy in Haverhill, Massachusetts). This is why I started to collect the important authors in that field.
With great good luck, I began in 1932 when times were not good and


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people were selling books they had cherished for many years. Mr. Charles E. Goodspeed was still active, Mr. P. K. Foley was just retiring, and the younger men-Mr. George T. Goodspeed, Mr. John S. Van E. Kohn, and Mr. David A. Randall-were coming along fast. My chief competitor was Mr. Carroll A. Wilson, who had a ten-year head start, but it was easy to begin with the commoner books of the writers I was after.
Early in the game, I was confronted with letters and manuscripts, and had to decide whether to collect books or autographs. I felt that each was a full-time job-to say nothing about the financial side-so I determined to be content with books. Later I amended this policy by trying to get one manuscript of each author. Inevitably a better one would come along, and I would fall for that too, promising to dispose of the first one later on. This worked in some cases, and in others I just haven't got around to it. So far as letters are concerned, I have stuck fairly well to my guns.
I have now been collecting for some thirty years and with a very few exceptions have all the first book editions of the principal authors of my period. Of course many leaflets and pamphlets containing first printings are missing. Some are known by but one copy, locked up forever in an institution. This is a problem, but the almost-impossible has happened once in a while.
One acquisition I like to remember is The Sycamores (Nantucket, 1857), by Whittier. The ballad tells of an Irishman, Hugh Tallant, who was the first immigrant of his nationality in Haverhill (Whittier refers to him as "the rustic Irish gleeman"). Shortly after his arrival in the early 1700's, he planted a number of Sycamore trees along the Merrimack River. These prospered, and some of them were pointed out to me when I was visiting relatives there in the early 1900's.
The poem first appeared in the 11 June 1857 number of the National Era, a weekly newspaper published in Washington, D.C. It was seen by Miss Caroline L. Tallant, a schoolteacher in Hartford, Connecticut, who had migrated from Nantucket and was one of Hugh's descendants. She asked Whittier's permission to have a few copies printed for friends and relatives and he agreed.
Miss Tallant was planning to visit her relatives in Nantucket on


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Thanksgiving Day, and she set about having twelve copies printed. The result was a frail little book in wrappers, measuring 8" by 2 ". It is in fact so frail that it is amazing that four copies of this first book printT H E ing are still extant.
So much for the book itself. Now

SYCAMOIRES. let us turn to the chase. The first copy that I saw was in the library BY of the Nantucket Historical Society, where it was greatly prized. I inJOHN G. WHITIER. quired about the Tallant family and discovered that the last member had left the island a few years earlier. I N' A N T U C K E T: continued my search wherever there
1 85 7. seemed to be a chance of success.
Finally I heard of an architect named Hugh Tallant living in New York City. Could he be a descendant of the immigrant? On my next trip there I got his address from the city directory. Arriving in a taxi, I found that he had departed ten days before, leaving no forwarding address.
After further search, I discovered that he had moved to Atlanta, Georgia. I wrote to him describing the book, listing its few recorded sale prices, and saying what I would give for a copy in good condition. He answered that while he knew of it, he did not own a copy. He added, however, that he had forwarded my letter to his sister on the West Coast, who might have one. After what seemed an interminable time, I had a letter from Dr. Alice W. Tallant of Seattle, Washington, announcing that she had a copy of the book, would accept my offer, and was sending it on to me. The book arrived and to my great delight proved in excellent condition.
Another time I was in my favorite haunt, Goodspeed's Book Shop, passing the time of day with George T. Goodspeed, when a man came in with books to sell. Mr. Goodspeed excused himself and asked me to wait. On his return he showed me a copy of the so-called second issue of the first edition of Longfellow's Outre-Mer: A Pilgrimage Beyond the Sea,


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No. 1 (Boston, 1833), which he had bought. I had a copy of what was then considered the first issue, and he persuaded me that I really needed the second also.
A year or so later one of my collector friends asked to see my copies of Outre-Mer. I handed him the "first issue" from the shelves. While he was looking it over I took down the "second issue," and discovered to my amazement that the publisher's name, Hilliard, Gray, & Co., was missing from the front wrapper, the title-page, and the copyright notice. Later I found some minor textual differences.
The explanation is found in Mr. Lawrance Thompson's book Young Longfellow. It seems that Longfellow, in his youthful enthusiasm, had five hundred copies printed in Brunswick, Maine, before he had found a publisher. With the help of Griffin, the printer, he got Hilliard, Gray to publish it and their name was filled in at the required places. But at least one copy went astray without the imprint, and it seems likely that I inadvertently acquired the very copy Griffin took to Boston to inveigle a publisher.
On one of my frequent trips to New York during the 1930 depression years, I had lunch with a book collecting friend who specialized in Whittier. He mentioned having called on Mrs. J. Chester Chamberlain, widow of the great collector of New England authors whose books were sold by the Anderson Auction Company in 1900. He said she had purchased a number of her husband's books at the sale and was considering selling them. Immediately after lunch I telephoned her and was invited to her apartment. Mrs. Chamberlain showed me with understandable pride her copy of Longfellow's The New England Tragedy (Boston, 1860). She explained that this had been her husband's favorite book, and she could not bear to see it sold. She, therefore, bid it in at the sale. I left with it tucked under my arm.
The book was the prose forerunner of the first part of The New England Tragedies (Boston, 1868). In his journal Longfellow wrote: "Mch. 14, 1859. Fields came out and I read him two acts of Wenlock Christison, with which I do not think he was much struck." Only two copies are known, this and one in the Longfellow collection in the Houghton Library.


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But not all my collecting turned out so well. Once when I was still a novice I had an urgent call from a Boston dealer. I dropped everything and went to his shop where he showed me about twenty first editions of Emerson, each inscribed to his next-door neighbor and close friend, Edmund Hosmer. I had ordinary copies of them all, but I picked out two of the cheapest for their association interest. The dealer urged me to reconsider and include the Essays (Boston, 1841) and Essays: Second Series (Boston, 1844). In my innocence I told him that the price was much too high. He sold these two within the hour to somebody else who put them up for sale at the Parke-Bernet Galleries, where they fetched twelve times the price at which they had been offered to me.
However, I profited from this experience a few years later when descendants of James Russell Lowell decided to dispose of part of his library. I was given the first opportunity at them, and was able to get several most interesting association copies. Among them are three first editions of T. B. Aldrich containing presentation inscriptions to Lowell. The Story ofa Bad Boy (Boston, 1870) is inscribed "A very humble little book for Mr. Lowell" and is a particular favorite of mine. Other inscribed presentation copies are three from Ralph Waldo Emerson, three from Oliver Wendell Holmes, and two from Henry W. Longfellow. One of the Longfellow books is the privately printed edition of twelve copies of his translation of Dante. The three volumes were published in 1865, 1866, and 1867, and each is inscribed to Lowell. In addition to these I got the Quinti Horatii Flacci Opera (Boston, 1833), which is quite evidently a text book used by Lowell at Harvard. The fly-leaves and margins are completely covered with notes, remarks, and sketches. Then, of a slightly later period, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley (London, 1839); The Complete Poetical Works of William Wordsworth (Philadelphia, 1837); The Complete Poems of William Shakespeare (London Cn.d.3); and The Seraphim, and Other Poems, by Elizabeth B. Barrett (London, 1838), all with many notes and poems written to or about his future wife, Maria White, on the margins and fly-leaves. I particularly like his Homer (Basle, 1551). In a letter of 13 June 1840 (see H. E. Scudder's James Russell Lowell, A Biography, Boston, 1901, vol. I, pp. 77-78), to his friend and Harvard classmate George B. Loring, he mentions Maria


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White, whom he had visited in Watertown the day before, and goes on to say: "On the mantel is a moss rose she gave me and which when it withers I shall enshrine in my Homer." The moss rose is still enshrined "in my Homer," but now in my library.
One of the rarities I was especially lucky to find is a copy of William Cullen Bryant's The Embargo, or Sketches of the Times: A Satire. By a routh of Thirteen (Boston, 1808). So far as I know, this is the only copy now in private hands. Another is Emerson's Letterfrom the Rev. R. W. Emerson, to the Second Church and Society (Boston C 1 832]), in both variants. One is an eight-page leaflet, self-wrappered, and the other a broadside measuring 181/8" by 12", printed on satin within an ornamental border. Both were printed by I. R. Butts of Boston. Yet another is the first printing, after that in the Atlantic Monthly (October 1868), of Whittier's Barbara Frietchie. Apparently only two copies of this fourpage pamphlet were printed-if the imprint means what it says: "Published at the Book Rooms, 200 Mulberry-street, N.Y. Fifth Series. No. 14. Two Copies."
My primary collecting interest has been in association copies, and I list below some unusual ones.
Little by little I have garnered all the privately-printed Henry Adams books. The one that appeals to me most is Memoirs of Marau Taaroa Last Queen of Tabiti ([n.p.2 1893). Having printed them "ultrissimo-privately," Adams sent the copies to her for correction. There were probably ten copies in all, of which I have located five in the United States. My copy has her corrections in the margins. Whether any copies are still in Tahiti is anybody's guess.
In my Richard H. Dana, Jr., collection is the first issue of Two Tears Before the Mast (New York, 1840), presented to Dr. G. C. Shattuck, the family physician, who prescribed a long sea trip for Dana's illness. There is also a copy of the first English (Moxon) edition presented to Miss Sarah Watson, his fiancee, and a copy of the second American edition (Boston, 1869), presented to Mrs. Sarah Watson Dana, his wife.
Another of my great favorites is the first edition of Science and Health (Boston, 1875), presented by Mary Baker Glover to her son George W. Glover, whom she had not seen or heard of for many years. Accompany-


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MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS


ing this are presentation copies of the second and sixth editions to two of Mrs. Eddy's early followers.
Among the Emerson books are copies of An Oration Delivered Before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Cambridge, August 31, 1837; An Address Delivered Before the Senior Class in Divinity College, Cambridge, Sunday Evening, 15 July, 1838; and Nature: Addresses, and Lectures (Boston,
1849)-all presented to his late brother's fiancee, Miss Elizabeth Hoar.
I have the first English edition of Transformation. Or, the Romance of Monte Beni (London, 1860), inscribed "William D. Ticknor from his friend Nath' Hawthorne" in Vol. I and with similar inscriptions in Vols. II and III. These are apparently the proof sheets sent by Hawthorne from England for simultaneous American publication as The Marble Faun, and bound in Boston by the recipient.
In the Holmes section is a copy of Songs in Many Keys (Boston, 1862), the dedication of which reads: "To the most indulgent of readers, the kindest of critics, My Beloved Mother, all that is least unworthy of her in this volume is dedicated, by her affectionate son." The copy is inscribed "Mother from OWH."
The inscription in Longfellow's first book of poems, Voices of the Night (Cambridge, 1839), reads: "To my mother, with my most affectionate remembrance, December 8, 1839." With this is one of four known copies of The Hanging of the Crane (Boston, 1874), original sheets, unstitched, as issued, uncut, in the original wrappers, inscribed to Longfellow's wife's half-brother, W. S. Appleton.
My copy of Uncle Tom's Cabin: or, Life Among the Lowly (Boston and Cleveland, 1852) is inscribed "Dr. Hitchcock from his friend the author." Dr. Roswell Dwight Hitchcock succeeded Mrs. Stowe's husband as Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion at Bowdoin College in 1852. 1 know of but one other presentation copy of this book.
Of my two copies of A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (Boston and Cambridge, 1849) one was Thoreau's own and the other is inscribed: "To the 'Unknown' (but guessed at) Critic of the Harvard Magazine, from the Author, Jan. I5th 1855." The recipient, E. Morton, has written underneath "Sent me by Mr. Thoreau in consequence of a screed in The Harv. Mag. for Dec. 54."


35









PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Among the Whittier books is Moll Pitcher, a Poem (Boston, 1832). It is the only presentation copy I have heard of, and is inscribed "Miss H. Minot, from the author." Miss Harriet Minot was a classmate of Whittier's at Haverhill Academy, and remained a close friend for many years. Whittier published the book anonymously, and it was a long time before he would acknowledge it. Accompanying the book is a letter from him to Miss Eliza Page, a friend of his and of Miss Minot's, vehemently denying his authorship. My copy of the Biography of Henry Clay, by G. D. Prentice (Hartford, 1831), is inscribed: "Jos. E. Hussey, from his nephew John G. Whittier, 11th of 8th Mo. 1832." It was this copy which confirmed the suspicion that Whittier wrote a substantial part of the book (see T. F. Currier's A Bibliography of John Greenleaf Whittier, Cambridge, 1937, pp. 12-16). In 1835 Whittier and the English abolitionist George Thompson were mobbed in Concord, New Hampshire, and took shelter in the house of his old friend George Kent. My copy of Mogg Megone, A Poem (Boston, 1836) is inscribed to Kent. The book is scarce even without association, since Whittier attempted to suppress it.
When I had acquired first editions of most of the books of my chosen authors, my collecting slowed almost to a standstill, and after taking thought I decided to branch into some ofthe earlier New England writers. I spent a good deal of time studying them and prepared a list of their outstanding works.
While my books in this field are small in number, I have been able to get some of the important ones. Two are Anne Bradstreet's The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America (London, 1650) and the much rarer first American edition, Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning (Boston, 1678) containing a number of poems not in the English edition. The authoress came with the Puritans to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and her book was the first collection of verse written in America. Among her descendants were Richard H. Dana, Wendell Phillips, and Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Another desirable book is Cotton Mather's Magnalia Christi Americana: or, the Ecclesiastical History of New-England (London, 1702). Mine is a large-paper copy with the Boston "errata" laid in. In addition to his fame as preacher and author, Mather is remembered for his part in


S6









MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS


the persecution of the Salem witches, and as a result of his perseverance my seven-times-great-grandmother went to the gallows. That he had one of the largest collections of scientific books in America, numbering some four thousand volumes, is of interest to bookmen.
In addition to the excitement of the chase and the pleasure of handling good books, there is a more rewarding side of the book game in the associations and friendships one makes. As I look back, the late Carroll A. Wilson comes first to my mind. He was my mentor, guide, and friend for many years. He taught me much about collecting in general and the New England authors in particular, and I could always call on him for any information I needed. To cap his kindnesses, he left me by his will the choice of any five of his Whittier books. I shall always have a very deep feeling for him.
Mr. C. Waller Barrett, who has brought together that wonderful collection of American literature at the University of Virginia, is another great collector whom I have been privileged to know. Once when he heard that his order for a Bryant first edition I needed very badly had arrived an hour before mine, he gallantly stepped aside in my favor. Not all collectors are so gracious.
My association with the bibliographical fraternity has been of great value. My first contact was with the late T. Franklin Currier, Associate Librarian of Harvard College, while he was working on his Whittier bibliography. We spent many happy days checking and re-checking Whittier first editions. When he started on a Holmes bibliography, I again worked with him and, after his death, with Miss Eleanor M. Tilton, who finished the bibliography. My pleasure is continuing in my association with Mr. Jacob Blanck, who is now in the midst of his monumental Bibliography of American Literature.
Various organizations to which I have belonged have given added zest to my collecting. They include the American Antiquarian Society, the Boston Athenaeum, the Massachusetts Historical Society, and the Visiting Committee to the Harvard Library, all possessing priceless and irreplaceable books, manuscripts, and memorabilia. The directors, the librarians, and the staffs of each have been an inspiration, a source of expert knowledge, and a pleasure to me. In a lighter vein, the Club of


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38 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY

Odd Volumes has furnished much enjoyment to me as one of the Boston fraternity of collectors.
These last thirty years have been full of wonderful experiences, and I hope for a continuation of my Odyssey for a while.
PARKMAN D. HOWE
-reprinted from "Contemporary Collectors XXXVI: New England Authors," in The Book Collector, Winter 1968.
















A DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE
OF THE EARLY
NEW ENGLAND BOOKS
by
ROGER E. STODDARD


















FOREWORD




U N I QUE among collectors of New England authors, Parkman D.
Howe sought the roots of his beloved nineteenth-century heroes and heroines in the published journals and first-hand narratives by New Englanders of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. To such classic Americana, he had begun to add novels and poems of the Federal period, as well as the school books that educated the authors of the first flowering of New England literature.
These Yankee incunabula require a bibliographical program somewhat different from the balance of the collection. Subsequent catalogues will identify more succinctly the rich resources of each author collection by reference to the full bibliographical descriptions published in the Bibliography of American Literature and in other reliable references. For the early New England books some twenty bibliographies have been brought into play so that Howe copies could be verified against their signature and paginary collations. Even so, there are some books for which no reliable collations could be found. For these, collations are provided here, together with the height of the leaf to the nearest tenth of a centimeter. In the short titles, internal omissions are represented by three dots.
The early New England books are so diverse in content and their titles so obscure that comments have been added. Books are arranged alphabetically by author, then by imprint date, and they are followed by an index of provenances and of authors and titles. I am indebted to John Alden for identifying some of the little-known early owners who left only their signatures in the books and to John Cushing and Peter Drummy of the Massachusetts Historical Society who were able to shed new light on items 32 and 58.
ROGER E. STODDARD


C 41 ]


















KEY TO BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CITATIONS


BAL
Jacob Blanck. Bibliography of American Literature. New Haven, Yale
University Press, 1955- V. 1-7.

Campbell
John F. Campbell. History and Bibliography of the NEW AMERICAN
PRACTICAL NAVIGATOR and the AMERICAN COAST PILOT. Salem, Mass.,
Peabody Museum, 1964.

Church
George Watson Cole. A Catalogue of Books Relating to the Discovery and Early History of North and South America, Forming a Part of the Library
of E. D. Church [1482-1884). New York, Dodd, Mead, 1907. 5 v.

Grolier Club
One Hundred Influential American Books Printed Before 1,900; Catalogue
and Addresses. New York, The Grolier Club, 1947.

Holmes, Cotton Mather
Thomas J. Holmes. Cotton Mather: A Bibliography of His Works.
Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1940. 3 v.

Holmes, Increase Mather Thomas J. Holmes. Increase Mather: A Bibliography of His Works. Cleveland, 1931. 2 v.

Holmes, Minor Mathers Thomas J. Holmes. The Minor Mathers: A List of Their Works. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1940.


[ 42










BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CITATIONS


Hunt
Rachel McMasters (Miller) Hunt. Catalogue of Botanical Books in the
Collection of Rachel McMasters Hunt. Pittsburgh, Hunt Botanical
Library, 1958-1961. 2 v. in S.

Karpinski
Louis Charles Karpinski. Bibliography of Mathematical Works Printed in
America before 1850. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1940. Sabin
Joseph Sabin. Bibliotheca Americana. A Dictionary of Books Relating to
America,from Its Discovery to the Present Time. New York, 1868-1936.
29 v.

Skeel-Carpenter
Emily Ellsworth Ford Skeel. A Bibliography of the Writings of Noah
Webster. Edited by Edwin H. Carpenter, Jr. New York, New York
Public Library, 1958.

STC
Alfred W. Pollard and Gilbert R. Redgrave. A Short-Title Catalogue of
Books Printed in England, Scotland, & Ireland and of English Books
Printed Abroad 1475-1640. London, The Bibliographical Society, 1926.

STC (2)
Same. Second Edition, Revised & Enlarged. Begun by W. A. Jackson &
F. S. Ferguson. Completed by Katharine F. Pantzer. London, The
Bibliographical Society, 1976. V. 2, I-Z.

Tuttle
Julius H. Tuttle. "Writings of Rev. John Cotton." In Bibliographical
Essays; A Tribute to Wilberforce Eames. (Cambridge, Harvard
University Press] 1924, pp. [363]-380.

Vail
R. W. G. Vail. "Susanna Haswell Rowson .. A Bibliographical Study,"
Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, n.s. 42 (1932 ), 47-160.

Vail, Old Frontier
R. W. G. Vail. The Voice of the Old Frontier. Philadelphia, University of
Pennsylvania Press, 1949.


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PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Wegelin
Oscar Wegelin. Early American Poetry; a Compilation of the Titles of Volumes of Verse and Broadsides by Writers Born or Residing in North
America North of the Mexican Border (1650-1820J. Second Edition,
Revised and Enlarged. New York, Peter Smith, 1930. 2 v. in 1.

Wing
Donald Wing. Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland,
Ireland Letc.j ... 1641-1700. New York, Index Society, 1945-1951. 3 v.

Wing (2)
Same. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York, Modern
Language Association, 1972- V. 1, 2 only.

Wolfe
Richard J. Wolfe. Secular Music in America, 1801-1825: A Bibliography.
New York, New York Public Library, 1964. 3 V.


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EARLY NEW ENGLAND BOOKS




JOHN ADAMS, 1735-1826
ENE 1 A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States
of America. V. 1: London, 1787; v. 2: London, 1787; v. 3: London, 1788.
V. 1: 7r1 a-b8 B8 (Bi excised or Bi = 7r1) C-Z8 Aa-Bb8 Cc4; [1], xxxi, [3]392 p. Press figures: vi, 7; xviii, 3; xx, 1; 9, 4; 11, 11; 25, 1; 26, 10; 46, 5; 48, 9; 60, 10; 63, 12; 79, 2; 86, 1; 102, 1; 118, 10; 130, 11; 158, 6; 175, 8; 178,4; 194, 11; 204, 8; 219, 11; 237,5; 255, 3; 256,4; 268, 10; 271, 8; 280, 1; 282, 8; 298, 7; 304, 12; 308, 8; 319, 1; 330, 1; 336, 1; 338, 6; 352, 2; 358, 5; 368, 4; 370, 8; 389, 1.
V. 2: 71 20r B-Z8 Aa-Ff8 Gg2; [iii], 451 p.; p. 131 misprinted 231. Press figures: 6, *; 22,9; 34,5; 48,4; 64, 8; 70, 10; 88,3; 91, 1; 111, 8; 123, *; 128, 5; 139, 7; 150, 6; 162, 6; 190, 1; 198, 7; 221, 1; 223, 7; 234, 1; 236, 3; 250, 10; 258, 10; 274, 10; 302, 10; 320, 3; 330, 1; 336, 7; 351, 10; 363, 7; 394, 6; 414, *; 418, *; 446, *.
V. 3: ir1 B-Z8 Aa-Gg8 (i 'Gg7') Hh-Nn8 002; [ij, 528, [529-564] p.; p. 137 misprinted 107, 253 not printed. Press figures: 9, 2; 14, *; 18, 1; 32,
*; 47, *; 62, 4; 79, 4; 94, 7; 96, *; 106, 7; 122, 4; 130, 3; 158, 7; 171, 4; 182, 9; 200, 10;214, *; 234, 2; 254, 6; 266, *; 282, 2;288, 6; 299, 1; 306, *; 322, 8; 51, 10; 354, 10; 364, 2; 370,4; 386, 1; 411, 7; 416, 1; 431, 7; 445, 10; 450, [dagger); 462 [cancel], 7; 479, 8; 490, 1; 498, 7; 518, 4; [538), 4; (558), 2.
21.2, 21, 21 cm. Calf, rebacked, with the signature "Rich H Morris" on title-page of v. 1 and the half-title of v. 2, the signature "Jabez Kimball" on the front endpaper of v. 3, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania release stamp, dated 1964, on the paste-down back endpapers of v. 1 and 2; another copy of v. 1, not collated, is bound in original blue-gray boards, paper spine, printed label; 22.6 cm.
This is the 8vp edition; also printed in 12mo. Written while Adams was in


[ 45 ]










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


London as Minister to the Court of St. James's, the work sets forth Adams's views on the principles of Government, taking as its text Turgot's "Lettre ... au docteur Price sur les legislations americaines," first printed in Mirabeau's Considdrations sur l'ordre de Cincinnatus, 1784. The Defence is in the form of letters addressed to William Stephens Smith, the Revolutionary leader, who in 1786, when secretary to Adams, married his daughter Abigail Amelia.

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 1767-1848
EN E 2 The Jubilee of the Constitution. A Discourse Delivered at the
Request of the New rork Historical Society ... on Tuesday, the 3oth of April 1839; Being the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington. New York, 1839. BAL 1614n, wanting the half-title and printed tan wrappers. Modern half morocco binding. "The Celebration," pp. [121]-136, includes additional remarks by Adams and the texts of odes written for the occasion by W. C. Bryant, G. Mellen, and W. Cutter.

AMERICAN COAST PILOT
EN E 3 The American Coast Pilot; Containing the Courses and Distances
between the Principal Harbours, Capes and Headlands, from Passamaquoddy through the Gulph of Florida ... with the Latitudes and Longitudes of the Principal Harbours on the Coast. Together with a Tide Table. By Capt. Lawrence Furlong. Corrected and Improved by the Most Experienced Pilots in the United States . Second Edition, Largely Improved. Newburyport, 1798.

[A] B-U W-X4 X22 Y-Z Aa-Ff4; "Take Notice" Cetc.], pasted down as the front endpaper, refers to the matter printed on signature "X2"; xvi, [17]172, [8], [177]-239, [1] p.; p. 142 misprinted 242; 20.6 cm. Campbell 2, with numbering of p. 239 given as 299; Sabin 26219. Original dark calf, double gilt rules across the spine, signature of "Wm. McLellan Jr." on the title-page and paste-down endpaper.
The work was reprinted prior to 1867 in 23 editions under the name of its publisher and reviser Edmund M. Blunt. It provides instructions for navigating ports in the United States. Copyright to it was acquired by the Treasury Department in 1867 for $20,000, and in modern revised editions the work has remained in print to the present day as the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey's Atlantic Coast Pilot.


46












JOEL BARLOW, 1764-1812
ENE 4 The Vision of Columbus; a Poem in .Vine Books. Hartford, 1787. BAL 865, blank leaf Kk4 excised. Original sheep, decorative gilt rules across spine, red label, edges stained green.
The second American epic (the first having been Timothy Dwight's Conquest of Candan, ENE 24 below), a text that Barlow expanded and revised during most of his life. The list printed at the end shows that 769 subscribers from New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Vermont signed up for 1157 copies.

ENE 5 The Vision of Columbus; a Poem in Nine Books ... The Second
Edition. Hartford, 1787. A-Y6; 258, 15] p.; 16.3 cm. Mottled calf, gilt rules across spine, red label, edges stained yellow, with the dated signature "H. Dow. 1790 m/2" on the free front endpaper.
A new setting of the text, with a five-page list of subscribers at the end. UF copy.

ENE 6 The Hasty-Pudding: a Poem, in Three Cantos Canon.D (New Haven, 17962
BAL 890. Disbound and pasted into blue-gray wrapper, signed on title: "Benjamin. Eand in another hand] Woolsey Dwight." B. W. Dwight (17801850), Yale 1799, was the son of President Timothy Dwight of Yale.
The presumed first separate edition of the most popular poem of its day, printed in twenty chapbook editions before 1821.

JEREMY BELKNAP, 1744-1798
EN E 7 The Foresters, an American Tale: Being a Sequel to the History
of John Bull the Clothier Canon.] Boston, 1792. B AL 929, first state of the frontispiece before revisions including the engraver's name ("Seymour de. Sc."); second state of the footnote on p. 77. Contemporary (publisher's?) sprinkled sheep, gilt rules across spine, red label, edges sprinkled brown; with dated signatures "Christr Toppan's 1792" and "Sarah Thayer 1820" on the title-page. The Hon. Christopher Toppan (17351818), of Hampton, N.H., was the father of Sarah (b. 1775), wife of the Rev. Nathaniel Thayer.
Political allegory, often claimed as a pioneering work of American literature. UF copy.


47


EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


ENE 8 The Foresters, an American Tale . The Second Edition,
Revised and Considerably Enlarged Canon.]
Boston, Nov. 1796.
BAL 938. A new binding of marbled boards, calf spine.
This edition adds a key to the characters satirized and Letters 17 and 18. UF copy.


ENE 9 American Biography. V. 1: Boston, 1794; v. 2: Boston, July, 1798.

B A L 934, 942, thick paper copies, without the leaf announcing Belknap's death that is bound in some copies of v. 2. Untrimmed copies in original blue boards, rebacked, with the typographic bookplate of the "First Church in Sandwich. Dr. Hersey's [i.e., Abner Hersey] Donation." Hersey (1721-1787), of Barnstable, Mass., was an eccentric but highly regarded physician who in his will divided his estate amongst the several churches of Barnstable County.
The first important collection of American historical biography, by the founder of the Massachusetts Historical Society. UF copy.



NATHANIEL BOWDITCH, 1773-1838
ENE 10 The New American Practical Navigator; Being an Epitome
of Navigation .. First Edition. Newburyport, 1802. [A] B-Z Aa-Hh '[A Journal]'-'[B Journal]' '(A) Tab.'-'(K) Tab.'4 '(L) Tab.'6 '(M) Tab.'-'(Z) Tab.' '(Aa) Tab.'-'(Rr) Tab.'4; folding engraved frontispiece and engraved plates facing pp. 45, 73, 75, 83, 136, 225, and [5291; xvi, 17-589, [4] p., E3] p. ads.; NB: pp. 247-532 are not numbered; 21.9 cm. Campbell, 3. Original mottled sheep, double gilt rules across spine, red label, with the inscriptions "John Munro's Book" and "By Roland Bunker Nantucket Presented to Joseph Jenks" on the front endpaper. A variant imprint, Blunt for B. & J. Loring, Boston, not in Karpinski (pp. 142-142).
This third revision of J. H. Moore's New Practical avigator, first published in London, 1772, incorporated so many corrections that Bowditch assumed full responsibility, establishing the standard American navigational manual. "Often termed the greatest book in all the history of navigation, this intellectual achievement of our early culture was indispensable to the maritime and commercial expansion of the nineteenth century"-Grolier Club, 25.


48












WILLIAM BRADFORD, 1588-1657
EN E 11 History of Plymouth Plantation .. Now First Printed from
the Original Manuscript, for the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston, 1856. 7r2 d-e 1-594 60-612; xix, CID, 476, CID p., 3 blank p.; 24.5 cm.; original black cloth, blocked in blind, title gilt on spine.
Edited by Charles Deane. Three issues were printed from the same plates in 1856: the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 4th ser., v. 3; a fifty-copy private edition, so identified in the imprint; and this trade edition on thick paper.
Used by Morton, Prince, and Hutchinson, the ms disappeared until 1855 when it was discovered in the Fulham Palace Library of the Bishop of London, who permitted its publication here. Returned to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1897, the ms was republished in 1898 together with its history and the proceedings of its presentation.

ANNE (DUDLEY) BRADSTREET, 1612?-1672
ENE 12 The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America. Or Severall
Poems, Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning, Full of Delight .. By a Gentlewoman in Those Parts Canon.D London, 1650.
Church 498, lacking leaf Al as usual; Wing (2) B4167. The Sir M. M. SykesHeber-Britwell Court-Harmsworth copy, rebound in calf with "MMS" blindstamped on the covers and inscribed "Cat VI R91. M M S Sledmere." on the front paste-down endpaper.
The first collection of verse to be published from the New World and the first collection of verse by an Englishwoman since Isabella Whitney's Sweet Nosgay (1573; STC [2] 25440). Written in Massachusetts by the daughter of one colonial governor, Thomas Dudley-to whom the volume is dedicatedand wife of another, Simon Bradstreet, this is the cornerstone of New England belles lettres.

E N E 13 Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning, Full of Delight ... by a Gentlewoman in New-England. The Second Edition, Corrected by the Author, and Enlarged by an Addition of Several Other Poems Found Amongst Her Papers after Her Death Canon.] Boston, 1678.


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EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Wegelin 29, p. 117 misprinted 11, 160 misprinted 166, and 248 misprinted 2-4; without the errata leaf (found complete only in a single copy, in the Thomas Prince Library at the Boston Public Library); Wing (2) B4166. Original calf binding over scabbord, double blind rules around the covers and across the spine, decorated roll on the board edges, with the signature "E: Hough" on the title-page and the inscription "Ralph Darwin Boston Sept 21st 1729" on the first (blank) leaf.
Among the poems printed here for the first time are Mrs. Bradstreet's elegy for her father, John Norton's elegy for her, and her "Contemplations" on the natural beauty of Massachusetts.



WILLIAM HILL BROWN, 1766-1793
EN E 14 The Power of Sympathy: or, The Triumph of Nature. Founded
in Truth [anon.] 2 v. Boston, 1789. BAL 1518, but the frontispiece is in an hitherto unlocated preliminary state before the addition of the engraver's signature, the final blank leaf in each volume is absent, and the reading at p. 150, v. 2, is: E T E R LXIV. Modem binding of calf, marbled boards.
An epistolary romance, often called the first American novel, formerly attributed to Mrs. Sarah W. Morton, whose tragic family history supplied the plot.



CHARLES CHAUNCY, 1705-1787
ENE 15 Seasonable Thoughts on the State of Religion in New-England.
Boston, 1743.
A b-c B-V W-Z Aa-CcB Dd4; xxx, 18, 424 p.; p. 296 misnumbered 280; 19.5 cm. Original calf, double gilt rules around the sides and across the back, brown label, edges sprinkled red; with the inscription "Benja Pickman's Sepr. 16th 1748:" (a subscriber) on the free front endpaper. Benjamin Pickman (17081773) was a wealthy Salem merchant and ship owner, member of the Massachusetts General Court, 1744-1748, and holder of other public offices.
Chauncy led the "Old Light" party in New England in opposition to the "Great Awakening," and this work replies to Jonathan Edwards's Some Thoughts Concerning the Present Revival of Religion in New England, 1742. UF copy.


50












BENJAMIN CHURCH, 1639-1718
EN E 16 Entertaining Passages Relating to Philip's War ... also of
Expeditions More Lately Made against the Common Enemy, and Indian Rebels, in the Eastern Parts of N'ew-England .. By T.C.
Boston, 1716.
Church 862. Modern full red morocco, gilt extra, by Riviere; inscribed on the free back endpaper "1903 $nin.ax(bound)." The Frederic R. Halsey copy, sold by the Huntington Library in 1944.
Thomas Church (1674-1746) edited these memoranda of his father, Col. Benjamin Church, who defeated King Philip. Col. Church vouches for his son's accuracy in the preface "To the Reader."

BENJAMIN CHURCH, 1734-1776
E N E 17 The Choice: a Poem, after the Manner of Promfret (sic]. By a
young Gentleman Canon.] Boston, 1757. Wegelin 67. Modem half morocco, cloth sides, title-leaf washed.
Fashionable verse, on a life of "Natural Reason."

ENE 18 The Times[.] A Poem Canon.] [Boston, 17652 Wegelin 71, but the title is taken here from p. [1]. Modern half morocco, cloth sides, with the bookplate of Matt B. Jones (1871-1940), the eminent Boston collector of early New England history.
A satire on the Stamp Act.

JOHN COTTON, 1585-1652
E NE 19 Gods Promise to His Plantation ... As It Was Delivered in a
Sermon, by Iohn Cotton, B.D. and Preacher of Gods Word in Boston. London, 1630. A4 (A1 excised) B-C4 D2; [vi], 20 p.; 17.8 cm. STC 5854.2; Tuttle 1. Modern green morocco. The Britwell Court-Harmsworth copy with ChristieMiller's inscription on the front flyleaf: "C & P W.H.C.M. 12 Oct. 1882. Riviere-binding X1. 4s/-."
Cotton's farewell sermon to the Puritans leaving for America, whither he followed in 1633. Hitherto only a copy in the British Library was known to have this variant imprint which omits reference to the "three Golden Lyons."


51


EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


ENE 20 A Letter of Mr. John Cottons Teacher of the Church in Boston,
in New-England, to Mr. Williams a Preacher There. Wherein Is Shewed, That Those Ought To Be Received into the Church Who Are Godly, Though They Doe Not See, nor Expressly Bewaile All the Pollutions in Church-Fellowship, Ministery, Worship, Government. London, 1643. A-B4; i], is, blank page; 18.1 cm. Wing (2) C6441; Tuttle 27. Modern binding of brown half morocco, cloth sides.
This work began the printed controversy in which Cotton opposed Roger Williams on the issue of religious freedom. See ENE 21, ENE 22, ENE 76.

EN E 21 The Controversie Concerning Liberty of Conscience in Matters
of Religion .. by Way of Answer to Some Arguments to the Contrary Sent unto Him. London, 1646. A-B4; [i), 14 p.; 17.5 cm. Wing (2) C6420; Tuttle 48. Modern binding of quarter morocco, cloth sides.
A reply to Roger Williams's Scriptures and Reasons, reprinted on pp. 1-6; Cotton opposes religious tolerance with scriptural theocracy.

ENE 22 The Bloudy Tenent, Washed, and Made White in the Bloud
of the Lambe ... Wherein the Great Questions of This Present Time Are Handled, Viz. How Farre Liberty of Conscience Ought To Be Given to Those That Truly Feare God? ... Whereunto Is Added a Reply to Mr. Williams Answer, to Mr. Cottons Letter. London, 1647. Church 479; Wing (2) C6409; Tuttle 55. Modern red morocco by Riviere, with the bookplates of Edward N. Crane (1902) and the Rev. Roderick Terry, of Newport, R.I.
Cotton's strongest statement of the case against tolerance, answering Williams's The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for the Cause of Conscience, 1644.

TIMOTHY DWIGHT, 1752-1817
ENE 23 A Dissertation on the History, Eloquence, and Poetry of the
Bible. Delivered at the Public Commencement, at 7ew-Haven Canon.] New-Haven, 1772. B A L 5034. Stitched, unbound, not seen thus by Blanck; with the signatures of David and Abner Judson on the title-page. Abner (d. 1774?), of Stratford,


52












Conn., was father to David (1757-1843), Yale 1778, who lived in Fairfield, Conn.
The first publication of a youthful candidate for the master's degree, who served as president of Yale from 1795 to 1817. UF copy.



E N E 24 The Conquest of Candan; a Poem, in Eleven Books.
Hartford, 1786.
B A L 5040, p. 178 misprinted 17, 279 printed upside down, without the errata leaf, but with signature mark L present. Original calf, red label, edges stained yellow, with the signature "Eliphalet W Gilbert" on the free front endpaper. Eliphalet Wheeler Gilbert (1793-1853), Union College 1813, Presbyterian clergyman, was the first President of Delaware College, today the University of Delaware. Another copy already at Gainesville shows the same misprints, includes the errata leaf, is bound similarly, and is inscribed on the title-page: "G H Atwoods Book Bought at Auction March 19th 1859."
The first American epic, heroic couplets comparing Washington with Joshua at Canaan.



ENE 25 The Triumph of Infidelity: a Poem Canon.] (n.p.] 1788. BAL 5041A, but the second recto is signed "a2." Modem cloth.
Dedicated to "Mons. de Voltaire" who "opposed truth, religion, and their authors . and taught .. that the chief end of man was, to slander his God, and abuse him forever."



ENE 26 Greenfield Hill: a Poem, in Seven Parts. New-York, 1794. B A L 5048. Nineteenth-century half calf, marbled boards, inscribed on the free front endpaper "Mrs Murray with the respects of George Gibbs," perhaps the mineralogist (1776-183) whose geological collection was acquired by Yale in 1825.
This lengthy poem, dedicated to Vice-President John Adams, carries the reader through "The Flourishing Village," "The Burning of Fairfield," and "The Destruction of the Pequods" to "The Vision, or Prospect of the Future Happiness of America."


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ENE 27 Travels; in New-England and New-York (anon.]
V. 1-2: New-Haven, 1821; v. 3-4: New-Haven, 1822. BAL 5075. Original blue-gray boards, paper spines, printed labels.
A thoroughly researched and useful reference, and Dwight's most celebrated prose work. Gift of the Howe Society.

JONATHAN EDWARDS, 1703-1758
ENE 28 A Careful and Strict Enquiry into the Modern Prevailing
Notions of That Freedom of Will, Which Is Supposed to Be Essential to Moral Agency, Vertue and Vice, Reward and Punishment, Praise and Blame. Boston, 1754. A4 aa2 B8 C-Z Aa-Pp4 Qq2; [1], vi, 4'], 294, [14' p.; without the errata slip pasted over the "Advertisement" on p. [299); 19.1 cm. Original mottled calf, double rule blind-stamped around the covers, decorated roll blind-stamped beside the hinges; with the signature "J Quincy jun" on the title-page. Josiah Quincy, Jr. (1744-1775), Harvard 1763, though a supporter of the patriot cause, in concert with John Adams successfully defended the British officer Captain Preston when he was tried for his part in the Boston Massacre of March 1770.
Edwards's most celebrated work and the philosophical basis of Calvinism in America.

HANNAH (WEBSTER) FOSTER, 1759-1840
ENE 29 The Coquette; or, The History of Eliza Wharton; a Novel;
Founded on Fact. By a Lady of Massachusetts. Boston, 1797. A-U W-X6 (blank X6 excised); 261, [1) p.; including the half-title; p. 184 misprinted 148; first gathering signed B2 on third leaf; 17 cm. Original mottled calf, rebacked, with the bookplate of Jean Hersholt. Albeit generally known as a film star, Danish-born Hersholt (1886-1956) was also an ardent book collector.
An immensely popular epistolary novel of domestic tragedy, based on the love affairs of Pierrepont Edwards, Joseph Buckminster, and Elizabeth Whitman.

HARVARD UNIVERSITY
EN E 30 Pietas et Gratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis apud Novanglos.
Boston, 1761 [i.e., 1762]


54












Wegelin 711, a copy on ordinary paper, with the errata slip; proper spacing at 24.14 and with the readings "videt haud Georgo" and "Nepotes" at 72.14 and 16. Modern half calf, marbled boards, with ms attributions throughout.
Greek and Latin verse by Harvard faculty and students on the death of George II and accession of George III, intended to show the advance of civilization in the colonies.

ABIEL HOLMES, 1763-1887, ed.
ENE 31 A Family Tablet: Containing a Selection of Original Poetry
Canon.] Boston, 1796. Wegelin 684. Original mottled calf, double gilt rules across the spine, red leather label, edges stained yellow, with the signature of Mary Rodman on the free front endpaper.
A collection of poems by members of the Holmes and Stiles families-joined by the marriage of Abiel Holmes to Mary Stiles, daughter of President Ezra Stiles of Yale-and friends. All are signed with pseudonyms: Louisa = Ruth Stiles Gannett (wife of Caleb Gannett, Harvard 1783), Myra = Mary Stiles Holmes (Mrs. Abiel Holmes), Myron = Abiel Holmes, Eugenio = Ezra Stiles, Jr., St. John = St. John Honeywood (1768-1798).


WILLIAM HUBBARD, 1621-1704
ENE 32 A General History of New England, from the Discovery to
MDCLXXX .. Published by the Massachusetts Historical Society. Cambridge, 1816.

[1 b 2-844 862; vi, [8), [7-676 p.; p. 899 misprinted 89; 21.1 cm. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, with the ink stamp of Henry W. Fuller on the free front endpaper.
The first publication of a manuscript used in their histories by Cotton Mather (ENE 39), Thomas Prince (ENE 61), and Thomas Hutchinson (ENE 83), and one based in part on Governor John Winthrop's ms Journal (ENE 77). The scribal copy, with author's corrections, on which Abiel Holmes and Joseph McKean based this edition, was donated to the Society in 1791 by Dr. John Eliot. Upon petition by the Historical Society, the General Court ordered 600 copies at two dollars each, directing that one copy "be sent to the Clerk of each town in the Commonwealth, for the use of the inhabitants thereof." The Society distributed broadside subscription proposals, printed 1000 copies of the book, and supplied copies as v. 5-6, 2nd ser., in its "Col-


55


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lections." It was republished by the Society in 1848 as revised by William Thaddeus Harris. In 1878 a sheaf of new and revised texts was distributed and bound into some copies, based on newly discovered transcriptions by Judge Peter Oliver.


THOMAS HUTCHINSON, 1711-1780
EN E 33 The History of the Colony of Massachusets-Bay, from the
First Settlement Thereof in 1628. Until ... 1691.
Boston, 1764.
7r 2 A-Z Aa-Nn8 (Nn6-8 excised); [4], iv, 566 p.; A2-3 missigned AS-4, pen cancels on p. 411 (the rest of the sentence after "Mr. Locke,") and on p. 478 (the last two lines of the footnotes); 20.1 cm. Original calf, edges sprinkled red.


The History of the Province of Massachusets-Bay, from . .
1691, until ... 1750. Boston, 1767. a4 B-Z Aa-L8 Mm4 Nn2; [4], iv, 639 p.; 19.8 cm. Original calf, double gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges sprinkled red, with the signatures "S. Dexter's" and "A. Ward's" on the title-page and the bookplate of W. S. Appleton. Samuel Dexter (1726-1810) of Dedham and Mendon, Mass., had a daughter, Catharina Maria, who married Artemas Ward (1762-1847), Harvard 1783, a judge and Chief Justice in Boston and son of the Revolutionary general Artemas Ward. William Sumner Appleton (1874-1947), Harvard 1896, was founder of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities.


The History of the Province of Massachusetts (sicJ Bay, from the Year 1750, until June, 1774 ... Vol. III. London, 1828. Church 1032, but title-page varies, and signature b (eight leaves, including the dedication and preface) is not present. Untrimmed, bolts for the most part unopened, in original unprinted dull brown wrapper. 22.6 cm. This form, also found at Harvard, may represent the U.S. issue, but see Charles Deane, Bibliographical Essay, 1857.
The first general history, valuable to this day. The expulsion of Hutchinson from the colonies and his death in 1780 delayed appearance of the third volume until the manuscript was edited by his grandson.


566





14 Of Ezoing and Extertainmess. Wayyeyant maiche, Afterfupper.
pwYut.I
Nquittma'ntafh. Sm eI. Weetimoquat. It fmcffsfwee. Machemoqut. We~$an- It isfaeet. Mach,,-poquat. It isfewre. Aniwuile weckan. I, isfweeter. Askun. It it raw. Noonat. Not eeVxgh. Wusiumne wekiffu. Too much esther boiled or rofed.
Wanmet Taubi. It exogh. Wuttattumutta. Let ou drinks. Neetheechahettit Ee'iogh for twentie tadbi. men. Mattacuckquaw. A Coe. Mattac6cqualff. Cooke or dyrFe. Matcutta'amiin? Will you not give we to eate?
Keen miitch. I pray eate.
They generally all take Tebacco; and it is commonly the only plant which men labour in; the women managing all the reft : they fay they take Tobacce for two cafes; firi, againif the rheume,which cavleth the toothake, which they are impatient of: fecondly, to revive and refreaI them, they drinking nothing but waver. Squttaxne.











PLATE II: John josselyn, A 'ew-Englands Rarities


P L A T E i: Roger Williams, .4 Key in to the Language of A1 erica





































Hoflow LeAv'd Lavender. Page 54.










A Dialogue between Old En-.
gland and Newconcerning'thcir
prefeRt Troubles, Anna, '1642.

New- England.

A Las dear Mother, faireft Queen and heft,
With honour, wealth, and peace, happy and
bleft;
What ails thee hang thy head,& crofs thine arms And fit i'th' duft,to figh thefe fad alarms ? What deluge of new woes thus over-whelme The glories of thy ever famous Realme ? What means this wailing tonetbis mournful guife? Ah, tell thy daughter, fhe may fyimpathize.,

old England.

Art ignorant indeed of thefe my woes ? Or muft my forced tongue thefe griefs difclofe? And muft y felf diffca my tatter'd fate, Which 'mazed Chriftendome ifands wond ring at? And thku a Child, a Limbe and doft notfeel My fainting weakned bouy now to reel? .
Thii










P L A T E IV: William Hill Brown, The Power of Sympathy


PLATE iii: Anne Bradstreet, Several Poems


The STORYof OPHIELL


-4










EARLY NEW ENGLAND


EDWARD JOHNSON, 1599-1672
ENE 34 A History of New-England. From the English Planting in
the Yeere 1628. untill the Yeere 1652 (anon.]
London, 1654 (i.e., 1655]
Church 582; made up with signatures R-Hh from one source, D-Q from another, A-C being washed but possibly from the former source. Old mottled calf, rebacked and repaired.
Known by its running title of "Wonder-Working Providence of Sions Saviour, in New England," this rambling firsthand account, including "The great encouragements to increase trade . [with' Old England," was meant to entice settlers to the colonies.



JOHN JOSSELYN, fl. 1650-1675
EN E 35 New-Englands Rarities Discovered: in Birds, Beasts, Fishes,
Serpents, and Plants of That Country ... Illustrated with Cuts.
London, 1672.
Church 618; Wing (2) J1093. Modern green morocco, by Birdsall.
One of the earliest illustrated accounts of flora and fauna, with a folding plate, "Hollow Leav'd Lavender," and large woodcuts in text, such as "A branch of the Humming Bird Tree .. made (after the English manner) into an unguent with Hogs Grease ... for bruises."

E N E 36 An Account of Two Voyages to New-England. Wherein You
Have the Setting out of a Ship, with the Charges; the Prices of All 7ecessariesfor Furnishing a Planter and His Family at His First Coming; a Description of the Countrey, Natives and Creatures, with Their Merchantil and Physical Use Eetc.] London, 1674. Church 627, BS signed; Wing (2) J1091. Contemporary panelled calf, rebacked, with five pages of contents in ms on the endleaves and with marginal Ms captions throughout the text.
Josselyn's visits were in 1688-1689 and 1663-1671; the manuscript "Contents" picks out what was interesting to the English reader, e.g., Flying Squirril described, p. 87; Some of their merchants are damnably rich, p. 180; The mischief of a drink called Rum-bullion, p. 139, etc.


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PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


THOMAS LECHFORD, 1590?-1644?
ENE 37 Plain Dealing: or, Newes from New-England . A Short
View of New-Englands Present Government, Both Ecclesiasticall and Civil. London, 1642. Church 454; Wing (2) L810. Modern brown morocco, gilt extra, green onlays, by Riviere; inscribed on the paste-down back endpaper "1902 $ctx. binding a.a.x." The Frederic R. Halsey copy, sold in the auction of Huntington Library duplicates in 1919.
The note on p. 20 concerning the "eleven or twelve Commandements" has been corrected in ink as in the Church copy. The sheets were reissued, with a new title-page, as New England's Advice to Old-England, London, 1644. According to James Hammond Trumbull, it is a book "nearly indispensable to the study of New England institutions."

COTTON MATHER, 1663-1728
EN E 38 Johannes in Eremo. Memoirs, Relating to the Lives, of... Mr.
John Cotton ... Mr. John Norton ... Mr. John Wilson ...
Mr. John Davenport ... Ministers of the Gospel ... in Boston; and Mr. Thomas Hooker .. at Hartford. (Boston2 1695. Holmes Cotton Mather 188-A, but without the two medial blank leaves. Modern calf with ink stamps of Brown University and John Carter Brown (1797-1874), the great collector and founder of the library of Americana that bears his name, on the title-page and the bookplate of John Carter Brown cancelled with the release stamp of the library.
"Advertisement .. for] Church-History of New-England .. [and] A Scheme of the Whole Work," pp. 28-32, first series, is the first printed announcement of Mather's Magnalia, wherein these texts were collected in 1702. UF copy.

EN E 39 Magnalia Christi Americana: or, The Ecclesiastical History
of New-England from Its First Planting in the Year 1620. unto the rear of Our Lord, 1698. London, 1702. Holmes Cotton Mather 21,-A; large-paper copy with the folding engraved map and the Boston-printed errata leaves; without the blank leaf 6M2; p. 29 in Book VI misprinted 37; the title-leaf to Book I bound after the principal title and the second leaf of advertisements ("A6") bound between signatures


58












A and B; a rule, fallen across the forme, has printed on p. 35 in Book VI. Original sprinkled panelled calf, red label, edges sprinkled red, board edges gilt-tooled with a decorated roll. With the bookplate of Henry Labouchere: Queen Victoria's "horrible lying Labouchere" and Edward VII's "viper."
Mather's greatest published work and the most celebrated American book of colonial times. It contains the history of the settlement of New England; the lives of its governors and magistrates; the lives of "Sixty Famous Divines"; a history and roll of Harvard College; the history of the New England Church; and the "Wars of the Lord" against the devil and others.


EN E 40 The Christian Philosopher: a Collection of the Best Discoveries
in Nature, with Religious Improvements.
London, 1721 [i.e., 17202
Holmes Cotton Mather 52-A. Original sprinkled panelled calf, edges sprinkled red, board edges gilt-tooled with a decorated roll.
A fellow of the Royal Society in London, Mather affirms that "Philosophy [i.e., natural science] is no Enemy but a mighty and wondrous incentive to Religion"; the book illustrates Mather's interest in science and reveals the state of scientific knowledge in New England at the time.


EN E 41 RatioDisciplinae Fratrum Nov-Anglorum. A FaithfulAccount
of the Discipline Professed and Practised; in the Churches of New-England Lanon.D Boston, 1726. Holmes Cotton Mather s18, lacking the contents leaf and final blank. Modern marbled boards, calf spine.
The doctrines of Congregationalism in New England and a reaffirmation of the "Cambridge Platform." UF copy.


INCREASE MATHER, 1639-1723
ENE 42 Kopflroypa4bta. Or a Discourse Concerning Comets . As
also Two Sermons Occasioned by the Late Blazing Stars.
Boston, 1683.
Holmes Increase Mather 67-A and 62-B (blanks Al and K8 excised). Nineteenth-century gilt-panelled red morocco by F. Bedford, the three title-leaves and their conjugates remargined; with the bookplate of the Rev. Anson Phelps


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EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Stokes (1874-1958), Yale 1896, stating that the book came to him from the library of Anson Phelps Stokes (1888-1918), his father, the New York banker. Once owned by Caleb Fiske Harris (1818-1881), the eminent Providence, R.I., bibliophile.



SAMUEL MATHER, 1706-1785
ENE 43 The Life of the Very Reverend and Learned Cotton Mather,
D.D. & F.R.S. Late Pastor of the North Church in Boston. Who Died, Feb. 13. 1727, 8. Boston, 1729. Holmes Minor Mathers 76-A, lacking the three blank leaves. Original sprinkled panelled calf, board edges gilt-tooled with a decorated roll. Dedicated to the University of Glasgow, prefaced by Thomas Prince, its ten-page list of subscribers headed by Governor Burnet and his lieutenants William Dummer and John Wentworth, this biography concludes with a list of 383 books published by Cotton: this early bibliography of a New England author is preceded only by the list of works by Samuel Willard in his Compleat Body of Divinity, 1726.


JEDEDIAH MORSE, 1761-1826
EN E 44 Geography Made Easy ... Calculated Particularly for the Use
and Improvement of Schools in the United States.
New-Haven [1784D
A-S6; colored engraved frontispiece of the hemispheres and colored folding engraved map of the United States facing p. 24; 21+, [1] p.; 15.5 cm. Original sheep, repaired, front flyleaf inscribed "Mary Anne Griswold Chandler Book Distributed to her in the division of her Fathers personal Estate Out of Date, of No use to any One, even to A Student" and "Charles Lanman From My Grandfather's Library." Mary Anne (otherwise Marian) Chandler (17741817), daughter of Charles Church Chandler of Woodstock, Conn., married in 1794 James Lanman of Norfolk, Conn. The book may have had personal interest for Charles Lanman (1819-1895), Mary Anne's grandson, who achieved distinction as the author of American travel books and as an artist.
Morse's geography and Noah Webster's speller were the most important texts in the early development of American public education. Their aggressive nationalism reformed colonial elementary and secondary schooling.


60









EARLY NEW ENGLAND


NATHANIEL MORTON, 1613-1685
E N E 45 New-Englands Memoriall: or, A Brief Relation of the Most
Memorable and Remarkable Passages of the Providence of God, Manifested to the Planters of New-England in America; with Special Reference to ... New-Plimouth. Cambridge (Mass.] 1669. Church 606, with p. 96 misprinted 69. Modern brown morocco, gilt extra, by Riviere, with considerable paper restoration throughout.
Drawing largely on his uncle William Bradford's manuscript History (written 1630-1651, printed 1856; see ENE II), Morton extends the work down to 1668. This first history to be printed in New England includes verse by Bradford, Josias Winslow, the Reverends John Norton and John Cotton, Benjamin Woodbridge, et al., making it one of the first collections of American poetry.

SARAH WENTWORTH (APTHORP) MORTON, 1759-1846
E N E 46 Beacon Hill. A Local Poem, Historic and Descriptive. Book I
Canon.] Boston, 1797. Wegelin 276, calling in error for a frontispiece. New green cloth, untrimmed, preserving the original blue-gray wrappers which are inscribed "The Property of Mrs Morton."
An elegant piece of federal typography on imported wove paper. UF copy.


THOMAS MORTON, 1575-1646
ENE 47 New English Canaan or New Canaan. Containing an Abstract
of New England . the Originall of the Natives ... the Naturall Indowments of the Country ... What People Are Planted There.
Amsterdam, 1637.
Church 437, but G3 signed correctly and the line breaks between "the" and "Land" on p. 59; STC (2) 18202, with the usual cancel title-leaf. Modern green morocco by Riviere.
Morton ran the low establishment at "Merry Mount," where he put up the maypole and was twice ejected by the Plymouth Pilgrims. He retaliated with this book, which had to be printed in Holland because of its point of view. He always refers to Myles Standish as "Captain Shrimp," for example.


61










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


"MOURT'S RELATION"
EN E 48 A Relation or Iournall of the Beginning and Proceedings of the
English Plantation Setled (sic] at Plimouth in New England, by Certaine English Aduenturers Both Merchants and Others . As also a Relation of Fovre Seuerall Discoueries Since Made . In a Journey to Pvckanokick ... In a Voyage Made by Ten of Them to the Kingdome of Nawset . In Their Iourney to the Kingdome of Namaschet ... Their Voyage to the Massachusets (anon.] London, 1622. Church 393, "second issue"; STC (2) 20074. Leaf C1 is a cancel beginning "A Relation or"; quire B was reissued in 1627 as part of the Council of New England's An Historicall Discoverie and Relation of the English Plantations, in New England, otherwise a reissue with cancel title-page of the Council's A Briefe Relation of the Discovery . of ANew England, also of 1622. Panelled calf, rebacked and restored, board edges gilt-stamped with a decorated roll; with inscriptions on the endpapers: "Randall Cook . 1738" and "John Thatcher His Book 1768."
The book was edited by George Morton, or Mourt (1585-1628), but appears to be the work of Bradford and Winslow, in the form of a journal from 20 September to 11 December 1621; it and Winslow's Good Newes are the earliest accounts of the Mayflower voyage, the settlement of Plymouth, and the heroic deeds of Myles Standish.

JUDITH (SARGENT) STEVENS MURRAY, 1751-1820
EN E 49 The Gleaner. A Miscellaneous Production. In Three Volumes.
By Constantia rpseud.3 3 v. Boston, Feb. 1798. 1: A-U W-Z Aa-Ee6; xii, [13]-48 p.; 17.2 cm. 2: [A]2 B-U W-Z Aa-Cc6 Dd4; iv, [5]-821, s blank p.; 17.2 cm. 8: [A]2 B-U W-Z Aa-Dd6; iv, [6]-328 p.; 17.2 cm.
Tree calf, double gilt rules across spine, black title label, oval red volume label, board edges gilt with a decorative roll, edges stained light green; attributed to the Boston binder Henry Bilson Legge largely on the basis of the flower and dart roll gilt across the title label.
Dedicated to President John Adams and concluding with a ten-page list of subscribers, The Gleaner collects fugitive writings from the Massachusetts Monthly Museum and two plays that had been produced at the Federal Street Theatre in Boston. Gift of the Howe Society.


69,









EARLY NEW ENGLAND


EBENEZER PEMBERTON, 1704-1777
EN E 50 Heaven the Residence of the Saints. A Sermon Occasioned by
the Sudden and Much Lamented Death of the Rev. George Whitefeld . Delivered at the Thursday Lecture at Boston, in America, October 11, 1770 ... To Which Is Added, an Elegiac Poem on His Death, by Phillis, a Negro Girl, of Seventeen Years of Age, Belonging to Mr J. Wheatley of Boston. London, 1771. Wegelin 481. Modern dark morocco, extra gilt, repaired.
Phillis Wheatley's poem, collected here, had been printed separately at Boston and Newport in the preceding year. See ENE 73. Gift of the Howe Society.


THOMAS PRINCE, 1687-1758
ENE 51 A Chronological History of New-England in the Form of
Annals ... Vol I. Boston, 1726. Church 925, but signature b is in eight, there is a colon after "22" on p. 2[8 1j, and there is no punctuation after "22" on p. 213. Modern half morocco, marbled boards, with the signature on the title-page and inscription on front flyleaf "Samuel Johnson 1737" (not the Samuel Johnson, but the president of Kings College, now Columbia University). Another copy is the same, except that there is a point after "22" on p. 21s and S2 is signed R2; it is bound with Prince's Annals as described below. Early sheep, rebacked, with the signature "Jona Tucker" on the title-page. Another copy, with signature b in eight, and a period after "22" on p. 2[81J and after "22" on p. 213, has lost its front cover, but its spine and back cover are original calf, with double gilt rules around the cover, gilt corner-pieces, and double gilt rules and red label on the spine.


Annals of New-England. By Thomas Prince, A.M. Vol. II.
Numb. 1[-3j. Boston [1755] 1 B-E4 2r1 31 F-14 41 K-N4; Eii), 32, [4], 33-64, [2j, 65-96 p.; 17 cm. Title-pages occur before the first and second sequence of thirty-two pages, but the title-leaf and final leaf of the third number are wanting; at the foot of each title-page is the notice "(Price Six Pence Lawful Money each Num-


63










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


ber)." The project was abandoned in the middle of a sentence, and no further numbers were issued.
Having started at the creation of the world, Prince was able to bring his history down no further than 1630, and his annals to 1633.

SUSANNA (HASWELL) ROWSON, 1762-1824
ENE 52 Charlotte. A Tale of Truth. 2 v. in 1. Philadelphia, 1794. B A L 16997, first state of EAJ 1, with the quotation from a review pasted on the first blank leaf; Vail 2. Early calf, rebacked and repaired, inscribed "Wm. Ripton's boock bought in Philadelphia 12th May AD 1794 Price 4/8," "Nancy Connell," and "John Fridley."
First American edition of the biggest seller before Uncle Tom's Cabin.

ENE 53 An Abridgment of Universal Geography, Together with
Sketches of History. Designed for the Use of Schools and Academies in the United States. Boston (18062 BAL 17010, "Advertisement" leaf present; Vail 159. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges sprinkled blue; with the signature "Miss Lucy Davis 1812" on the free front endpaper and the bookplate of the Beverly Public Library.
Mrs. Rowson opened her school for girls in 1797 and continued it until her death; she published this and the following dictionary for her own use. Gift of the Howe Society.

EN E 54 A Spelling Dictionary, Divided into Short Lessons ... Selected
from Johnson's Dictionary,for the Use of Her Pupils.
Boston, 1807.
BA L 17011, Vail 209; p. 65 not numbered, 73 printed upside down. Original blue-gray paper over scabbord, reverse calf spine, sewn with cloth tapes stabbed through the book; inscribed "Caira Robbins" on the title-page. Gift of the Howe Society.

ENE 55 Will You Rise My Belov'd by Mru Rowson. Adapted to the
Musick of Will rou Come to the Bower. Boston Printed and Sold by G Graupner. X9 6 Franklin-Street. Boston [1811?] A variant of BAL 17064, Wolfe 6061 and Vail 252. Sheet music, unbound.


64







202

and-in j665. Great ficknefs prevailed at this period alfo, but I am not informed of the fpecies of diforder, except the fmall.
pox in Baflon in 1666.
In 1668, appeared a comet with a fupendous coma. This
was attended by an exceflively hot fumnmer, and malignant dif.
cafes in America. In New York the epidemic was fo fatal, that a fall was appointed in September, on that account. This was undoubtedly the autumnal bilious fever in its infedious form. In this fame year was an earthquake in America, and a meteor in the well, in form of A Fpear, pointing towards the fitting fin,
which greadually funk and difappeared.
Nea's Hift. vol. r. 367. Mag.L b. 4. .84. This year was marked alfo by violent earthquakes in Europe
and Ala. The winter of 1668.9 was very fevere, and ice was feen in the Bofphotus ; that of i67o covered the Danube
with a bridge of ice.
In winter appeared in Hungary two mock-fons of resplendent
brightnefs-the infallible forerunner of great difcharges of elec-14 2141 trical fire, or of violent tempefls.-On the i ith of March 1669,
,f the eruption of Etna which had commenced in t664 redoubled
its fury, and by immenfe difcharges of lava laid walle the conn.
try below. Its violence fabfided in July ; but tremendous hurrcanes marked the year. The fumnmer of this year alfo was cxcellively hot.
In this year, the cats in Wefiphalia died with an eruption on
the head, accompanied with drowfinefs. In England prevailed
a dangerous fever, with flinty tongue and fore mouth.
In Norway prevailed measles of a malignant kind, attacking
old and young. Bonetus, Med. Sept. 2a-.-In the two foilow;.g years measles was epidemic in London alternating with the fmall-pox.--Sce Sydenham.--In 1673 winter was cold ; and 7, catarrhs were frequent with fpotted fevers-A comet Appeared in
the preceding year.
In 1675 a wet and cool fummer, the influenza prevailed in
Europe with the ufual fymptoms. In Italy was fern a meteor or fire ball, front the north-call ; and the following winter i4
Amcdca was colder than ufual.


( e /! f / .' e f j

A~~d/ 2 3/.


The fammer of 1676 in England was cold. Meafles and fmall.pox prevailed in fome places.
In 1677 was feen a comet in April and May; an earthquake was cxpaerienccd in England ; and in Charlellown, Maffachu. fete, raged the fmall-pox with the mortality of a plague.
"I b- 4-. 9
The futomer of 1678 was very hot aid dry. There nas a
comet and an earthquake in Lima. Fevers and affeaiens of the /it P throat were epidemic in the north of Europe. The plague raged ,,i with moB defolating fut y in Algiers and Morocco. Authors relate that four millions of people perilbed, and that the wale of population has Dot face been repaiacd.
ILcoor, I torocco, vo. n. i18.
On the i2th of January occurred in England a mol extraor. dinary darknefs, at noun.
Notwithllanding the barrennefs of my materials, this peflilen. tial period may be very clearly diainguifhed, by the mcailes from 1669 to 1672 with the (mall pox, the cataihc of 1675, the fublfequent malignant fevers and affeffions of the throat, and finally the pefidence of 1678.
The (ome deleterious principle extended to America. Our annals relate that the feafons were unfavorable and the fruits blafted, while malignant difeafes prevailed among the people. The ficknefs and bad feafos were atitibuted, by our pious anceflors, to the irroligion of the times, and to their difufe of falling. On this occafion, a fynod was convened to inocfligate the caufes of God's judgments, and to propofe a plan of reformation. The fimall-pox prevailed at Bofton in 1678, and a finga. lar epidemic in England, France and Holland.
See Ne.', HiS. N. Eng. vol. n. i. Mag. k 5, 6Hutch. vol-. 314. Doug. von1 -. 440. Short, r.
The comet of 1678 was followed by a very cold winter, after a raiay autumn, with an epidemic cough. A comet is mentioned in 1679, and the plague was in Vienna.
The year i68o was diflinguiluhed alfo for a severe winter, and the noted comet that had 9ppeared in Jullinian's reign. In rfdein raged the plague. The fummer was hot and fickly.


P L A T E v: Noah Webster, A Brief History of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases







KoMHTOFPAqpIA.

OR A

a Difcourfe Concerning C

COMETS;

*herein t he Natiue of BL AZING ST A RS
is Enquirer into:
With an HiRorical Account of all the COMETS
%,hich have appeared from the Beginning of the Worldunto this prefent Year, M.DC.LXXX11.
E fl/ing
The Place in the Heavens, where they were feen,
Thcir Motion, Forms, Duration and the Remarkable Events -which have followed in the World, fo far as they have been
by Learned Men Obferved.
A4jalfo two SERMONS
Occafioned by the late BliA.:ng Star:.

By INCBEASE M ATH! 1, Teacher of a Church
at Bolhn in New-England.
Pfal. 111. 2. The ivorks of ie Lord are great, fought at out of all them that bave pletfurethereis.
Amos 9.6. He buiidetb bis flories in thekHegven. e

-BoSTON /TV NEW-ENGLAND,
Printed by S. G. for S. S. And fold by J. Browxig At th corner of the Pr;Con Lane next the TowidH tFoufe 16 8 3.



PLATE VI: Increase Mather, KOMHTOPPA'bIA












ENE 56 Come Strike the Silver String[.] A Sacred Song Written by
Mr Rowson. Composed with an Accompaniment for the Piano Forte or Organ by Oliver Shaw. Providence [1817-1823] BAL 17031, sheet music, Wolfe 7935, first issue. Unbound, repaired.


ENE 57 Peace and Holy Love (,] a Sacred Song; Sung by Master
Ayling, at the Handel & Hayden Society: Written by Mrs. Rowson, the Music Composed by John Bray. Boston (1820] BAL 17056, first issue, sheet music, Wolfe 1323, first issue. Unbound, with the retailer's ink stamp of the "Franklin Music Warehouse No.6 Milk St. Boston."

SAMUEL SEWALL, 1652-1730
ENE 58 Diary of Samuel Sewall, 1674-1729. In: Collections of the
Massachusetts Historical Society, 5th ser., v. 5-7.
V. 1: Boston, 1878; v. 2: Boston, 1879; v. 3: Boston, 1882. 5: 7r6 [a] b 1-338 342; 1 blank leaf, x, Ell, [xi]-xl, 532 p.; engraved frontispiece portrait with tissue guard and printed slip giving its provenance. Without the errata slip tipped into some copies. 6: [1-9]8 1-298; 1 blank leaf, [5l, iii, iii, [7*]-131*, El1, 462 p., blank leaf. 7: r4 1-368; 1 blank leaf, [6), 572, 1 blank leaf, final leaf mounted beneath paste-down endpaper. 24.3 cm. Original black cloth, printed paper labels.
The most famous American diary, and the best description of the Puritans' daily life and thought. Even so, subscriptions proved inadequate so the Society voted to pay for publication with the funds provided for its "Collections," and some sets were probably issued in parts, pasted in the printed dull green wrappers of the series. As a member of the Committee of Publication, James Russell Lowell read the galley proofs, insisting on a literal reproduction of the ms.

EZRA STILES, 1727-1795
EN E 59 Oratio Inauguralis Habita in Sacello Collegii Talensis . .
VIII. Id. Quintil. M.DCC.L XXVIII.
Hartford, 1778.
[A] B-E4; 40 p.; 22.1 cm. Stitched, unbound, bolts unopened.
Stiles was president of Yale from 1778 to 1795. UF copy.


65


EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


ISAIAH THOMAS, 1749-1881
ENE 60 The History of Printing in America. With a Biography of
Printers, and an Account of Newspapers ... In two Volumes.
2 v. Worcester, 1810.
1: [AD B-U W-Z 2A-2U 2W-2Z 3A-3N4; vi, [7D-487 p.; folding engraved plate opposite p. 70 signed "Callender Sct" and unsigned engraved plates facing pp. 127 and 137.
2: 7r2 A-U W-Z 2A-2U 2W-2Z SA-3U SW-SY4 SZ2; iv, [5]-576 p.; unsigned folding engraved plate opposite p. 190 and unsigned plate opposite p. 534. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across spine, board edges gilt with a decorative roll; red leather title and volume labels, edges stained yellow; 21.6 cm. With the early owner's signature, "F: F: Van Deusen Class 72" and the modern bookplate of Frank L. Hadley, of Moundsville, W.Va., whose library was sold at auction, 1923-1924.
The engraver was Joseph Callender, whose plate opposite p. 190 was signed when it appeared in the Royal American Magazine, 1774. Georgia B. Bumgardner, Curator of Graphic Arts at the American Antiquarian Society, reports that the Society owns two of the original copperplates: one for the engraving at I, 70 and another for the three engravings at I, 127, I, 137, and 11, 504.
The earliest history of American printing, still in use, by one of the most successful printers of the day and the founder of the American Antiquarian Society.





JOHN TRUMBULL, 1750-1831
ENE 61 An Essay on the Use and Advantages of the Fine Arts.
Delivered at the Public Commencement, in New Haven, September 12th, 1770 [anon.] New-Haven [1770]

[AD B4; 16 p.; about 17 cm. Stitched, unbound, cropped unevenly; in a cloth case with the bookplate of Clifton Waller Barrett, the eminent contemporary American book collector.
This commencement piece defends Polite Literature and concludes in song:
Thus o'er the happy Land shall Genius reign,
And fair Yalensia lead the noble train.


66










EARLY NEW ENGLAND


ENE 62 M'Fingal: a Modern Epic Poem, in Four Cantos Canon.] Hartford, 1782.
Church 1192. Later half calf, marbled boards, inscribed "C. Booth's. 18" on the free front endpaper.
The first authorized and the first complete edition of the second most popular poem of its time. A satire on the Revolutionary heroes (in Hudibrastic verse), but predicting future glories for America.


NATHANIEL WARD, 1580-1652
E N E 63 The Simple Cobler of Aggawam ... By Theodore de la Guard
pseudd.] London, 1647. Church 484, treated there as the second edition, but now regarded as the first; for discussion see Sabin 101326n; side-notes on pp. 27 and 81; "of" is on a line by itself in the heading of p. 1. Nineteenth-century calf, rebacked, by Riviere, with the bookplate of James William Ellsworth (1849-1925), the New York collector.
High-flown but amusing satire on religious toleration and Ward's other pet peeves.


ENE 64 The Simple Cobler of Aggawam in America ... By Theodore
de la Guard (pseud.] London, 1647. Church 488, treated there as the first edition, but now regarded as the second; for discussion see Sabin 101326n; p. 15 misprinted 5, the final blank leaf probably supplied; modem red morocco by Riviere.


MERCY (OTIS) WARREN, 1728-1814
EN E 65 History of the Rise, Progress and Termination of the American
Revolution. Interspersed with Biographical, Political and Moral Observations. In Three Volumes. 3 v. Boston, 1805. V. 1: jr4 a2 A-U W-Z "2 . . A"-"2 . . U" "2 .. .W"-"2 . .Z
"3 . . A"-"s . . H"4; xii, 447 p. V. 2: 7r A-U W-Z "2 .... .A"-"2 . . U" "2 . . W"-"2 . .Z
"3 . . A"-"s . . C"4 "3 . . D"2; vii, 412 p.
V. 8: 7r A-U W-Z "2 . . A"-"2 . . U" "2 .. .W"-"2 .. .Z"


67










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


"s .... A"-"- ... L"4 "3 .. .. M"2; vi, one blank leaf, 476 p.; 20.8, 21,
20.9 cm.; mottled sheep, worn, edges stained yellow; each volume inscribed: "To her dear Pelham W Warren from his affectionate Grand Parent, The Author" and "Mrs Pelham W. Warren to her nephew P.W.W." The initial recipient, the author's grandson Pelham Winslow Warren (named for his maternal grandfather), graduated from Harvard in 1815. The Winslows and Warrens (apart from the author) were residents of Plymouth, Mass.
Valuable record of the Revolution by a woman who knew and corresponded with many of its leaders.


NOAH WEBSTER, 1758-1843
ENE 66 A Grammatical Institute, of the English Language, Comprising, an Easy, Concise, and Systematic Method of Education, Designed for the Use of English Schools in America. In Three Parts. Part II. Containing, a Plain and Comprehensive Grammar... and an Essay Towards Investigating the Rules of English Verse. Hartford, 1784. Skeel-Carpenter 405; original blue-gray paper over scabbord, roan spine; "Smuel Gardner price 1/6" on title. Skeel-Carpenter's note 5 is misleading: "Cicero" appears on the title of the first edition as well as the second. In the Yale copy (facsimilied by Scolar Press, 1968) that name is ruled through in ink and "Hor." inserted.
First edition of Webster's first grammar, one of the most influential of American textbooks. The essay on prosody is by John Trumbull.
Part I of this work, a speller, has not yet been acquired. This part was given by the Howe Society.


ENE 67 A Grammatical Institute of the English Language; Comprising, an Easy, Concise and Systematic Method of Education; Designedfor the Use of Schools in America. In Three Parts. Part III. Containing the Necessary Rules of Reading and Speaking.
Hartford, 1785.
Skeel-Carpenter 450, lacking pp. 5-8. Original blue-gray paper over scabbord, repaired and rebacked.
Among the readings are selections from Barlow's "Vision of Columbus" and Dwight's "Conquest of Canaan," first printings of both. Three of the anonymous prose pieces are by Webster himself.


68










EARLY NEW ENGLAND


ENE 68 An Examination into the Leading Principles of the Federal
Constitution Proposed by the Late Convention Held at Philadelphia ... By a Citizen of America [anon.] Philadelphia, 1787. Skeel-Carpenter 718. Modern half morocco, signed "R. Alden's" on the titlepage.
Webster published twelve political pamphlets, 1785-1838. This is the second, dedicated to Benjamin Franklin and intended to influence the makers of the Constitution; it compares the proposed form with the Roman and British constitutions, favoring its adoption.

E N E 69 Dissertations on the English Language ... To Which Is Added
An Essay on a Reformed Mode of Spelling, with Dr. Franklin's Arguments on That Subject. Boston, 1789. Skeel-Carpenter 651, but 376 misprinted 37. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges sprinkled red.
Webster's lecture series, dedicated to Benjamin Franklin, printed for the author by Isaiah Thomas.

E N E 70 A Brief History of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases; with
the Principal Phenomena of the Physical World, Which Precede and Accompany Them, and Observations Deducedfrom the Facts Stated.
2 v. Hartford, 1799.
Skeel-Carpenter 748. Mottled sheep, red and black spine labels, gilt rules across the spine, with the signature of Webster's daughter, "Mrs Julia W Goodrich," on the free front endpapers; Webster's own copy, heavily annotated with new data and citations, particularly through the first volume.
The second volume opens with bills of mortality 1600-1799 for London, Augsburg, Dresden, Boston, Philadelphia, Paris, and Dublin. Sir William Osler called this "the most important medical work written in this country by a layman."

E N E 71 A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language. In Which
Five Thousand Words Are Added to the Number Found in the Best English Compends. Hartford, 1806. Skeel-Carpenter 577. Original sheep, double gilt rules across the spine, red label, free front endpaper inscribed "1.50 Charles Bunces Book June 1813."
First edition of the first dictionary published in this country.


69










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


ENE 72 Letters to a roung Gentleman Commencing His Education:
To Which Is Subjoined a Brief History of the United States.
New-Haven, 1823.
Skeel-Carpenter 553. Sprinkled sheep, gilt-decorated spine, black label, edges sprinkled brown; inscribed by the author on the free front endpaper "An affectionate father presents this to his beloved Epiece torn out] Julia--" i.e., Julia (Webster) Goodrich.


PHILLIS WHEATLEY, 1753?-1784 E N E 73 Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral.
London, Boston, 1773.

Church 1101 describes the first printing. This is the second, chain-lines vertical, second state of the frontispiece portrait with diagonal cross-hatchings added in the upper right quadrant. Original blue paper boards, white paper spine, untrimmed; "Nuneaton Society No 141" inscribed on the front cover.
The first book of verse by an American black and the first published portrait of any American poet. Gift of the Howe Society.



JOHN WHITE, 1575-1648
ENE 74 The Planters Plea. Or The Grovnds of Plantations Examined,
and Vsuall Objections Answered. Together with a Manifestation of the Causes Mooving Such as Have Lately Vndertaken a Plantation in New-England [anon.] London, 1630. Church 418, and, like that copy, closely cropped with the date in the imprint and many page numbers cut into; STC (2) 25399, according to which the printing was divided among W. Jones, M. Flesher, and J. Dawson (probably to get the book out in a hurry). Modern green morocco by W. Pratt, with the bookplate of the Rev. Roderick Terry; the final leaf is remargined at the back and top with several letters added in pen facsimile; at the foot of p. 10 a piece of type (probably a space), fallen on the forme and inked, has printed.
White promoted the Dorchester Company of Adventurers, a Puritan joint stock company that attempted to colonize Cape Ann in 1623 and later became the Massachusetts Bay Company. The settlers under that patent arrived in Salem aboard the Arbella in June of 16,0; White stayed home.


70












ROGER WILLIAMS, 1604?-1683
ENE 75 A Key into the Language of America: or, An Help to the
Language of the Natives in That Part of America, Called New-England. Together, with Briefe Observations of the Customes, Manners and Worships, &c. of the Aforesaid Natives, in Peace and Warre, in Life and Death. London, 1643. Church 460. Early vellum wrappers, endpapers renewed; inscribed on the free front endpaper in pencil "Belonged to Simon, Earl Harcourt" and in ink "A. W. Kennedy '93." The first Earl Harcourt (1714-1777) was variously British ambassador at Paris and Viceroy of Ireland.
A vocabulary of the Massachusetts language and the first English-Indian dictionary.



ENE 76 The Bloody Tenent Yet More Bloody: by Mr Cottons Endevour
to Wash It White in the Blood of the Lambe. . In This Rejoynder to Mr Cotton, Are Principally ... The Nature of Persecution ... The Power of the Civill Sword in Spirituals Examined .. The Parliaments Permission of Dissenting Consciences Justified. London, 1652. Church 520, signature [A] unsigned, p. 102 misprinted 201, "To the Reader" is headed "To he Merciful and Compas-/nate Reader."A fresh copy in original sheep, double blind rules around the covers, across the spine, and up the covers 1 in. from the hinge; catchwords cut away on B3 & 4. The Harmsworth copy.
Williams replies to Cotton's Bloudy Tenent, Washed (1647; ENE 22), and the controversy ends.



JOHN WINTHROP, 1588-1649
EN E 77 A Journal of the Transactions and Occurrences in the Settlement
of Massachusetts and the Other New-England Colonies,from the rear 1630 to 1644 ... And Now First Published from a Correct Copy of the Original Manuscript. Hartford, 1790. Skeel-Carpenter 781. Edited and published by Noah Webster from the ms, once in the Boston library of the Rev. Thomas Prince, which during the


71


EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Revolution strayed into the hands of the Connecticut branch of the Winthrop family. Original sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges stained green, inscribed "Bar. Deane 1790" on the title-page.
Winthrop arrived on the Arbella as a member of the Massachusetts Bay Company and for the rest of his life was either governor or deputy governor of the colony, the doings of which he recorded in minute detail.


WILLIAM WOOD, 1580-16,9
ENE 78 New Englands Prospect. A True, Lively, and Experimentall
Description of That Part of America, Commonly Called New England... Laying Downe That Which May Both Enrich the Knowledge of the Mind-Travelling Reader, or Benefit the Future Voyager.
London, 1634.
Church 427, with the woodcut folding map (reproduced on the endpapers of this catalogue); STC (2) 25957. Modern green morocco by Riviere.
This useful book includes much Indian lore, including a five-page "Nomenclator, with the Names of their chiefe Kings, Rivers, Moneths, and dayes. . ." The first part includes verse; the map is the most complete up to the time of publication.


72

















INDICES




PROVENANCES

Autograph initials, signatures, and notes of ownership are transcribed here as they are written, although they may be identified and expanded in the bibliographical notes.


Alden's, R., ENE 68 Appleton, W. S., ENE 33 Atwoods, G H, ENE 24 Barrett, Clifton Waller, ENE 61 Beverly Public Library, ENE 53 Booth's, C., ENE 62 Britwell Court, ENE 12 (see also
C[hristiej-M[iller])
Brown, John Carter, ENE 38 Brown University, ENE 38 Bunces, Charles, ENE 71 Bunker, Roland, ENE 10 Chandler, Mary Anne Griswold,
ENE 44
C.-M., W.H., ENE 19 (see also
Britwell Court)
Connell, Nancy, ENE 52 Cook, Randall, ENE 48 Crane, Edward N., ENE 22 Darwin, Ralph, ENE 13 Davis, Miss Lucy, ENE 53 Deane, Bar., ENE 77 Dexter's, S., ENE 33 Dow., H., ENE 5 Dwight, Benjamin. Woolsey, ENE 6 Ellsworth, James William, ENE 63


Fridley, John, ENE 52 Fuller, Henry W., ENE 32 Gardner, Smuel, ENE 66 Gibbs, George, ENE 26 Gilbert, Eliphalet W, ENE 24 Goodrich, Mrs. Julia W., ENE
70, 72
Hadley, Frank L., ENE 60 Halsey, Frederic R., ENE 16, 37 Harcourt, Simon, Earl, ENE 75 Harmsworth, Sir R. Leicester, ENE
12, 19, 76
Harris, Caleb Fiske, ENE 42 Hersey's, Dr., ENE 9 Hersholt, Jean, ENE 29 Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
ENE 1
Hough, E., ENE 13 H. E. Huntington Library, ENE
16, 37
Jenks, Joseph, ENE 10 Johnson, Samuel, ENE 51 Jones, Matt B., ENE 18 Judson, Abner and David, ENE 23 Kennedy, A. W., ENE 75 Kimball, Jabez, ENE 1


E 73 ]










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


Labouchere, Henry, ENE 89 Lanman, Charles, ENE 44 M., W.H.C., see C.-M., W.H. Morris, Rich H., ENE 1 McLellan, Wm., Jr., ENE 8 Morton, Mrs., ENE 46 Munro's, John, ENE 10 Murray, Mrs, ENE 26 Nuneaton Society, ENE 73 Pickman's, Benja, ENE 15 Quincy, Josiah, Jr., ENE 28 Ripton's, Wm., ENE 52 Robbins, Caira, ENE 54 Rodman, Mary, ENE 31 Sandwich, First Church, ENE 9


Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1838-1915,
ENE 42
Stokes, Rev. Anson Phelps,
1874-1958, ENE 42 S, M. M., ENE 12 Terry, Rev. Roderick, ENE 22, 74 Thatcher, John, ENE 48 Thayer, Sarah, ENE 7 Toppan's, Christr, ENE 7 Tucker, Jona, ENE 51 Van Deusen, F: F:, ENE 60 Ward's, A., ENE 38 Warren, Mrs. Pelham W., ENE 65 Warren, Pelham W., ENE 65 Webster, Noah, ENE 70


AUTHORS AND TITLES


An Abridgment of Universal
Geography, ENE 53
An Account of Two Voyages to
New-England, ENE 96
Adams, John, 1735-1826, ENE 1 Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848,
ENE 2
American Biography, ENE 9 American Coast Pilot, ENE 8 Annals of New-England, ENE 51 Barlow, Joel, 1754-1812, ENE
4-6, 67n
Beacon Hill. A Local Poem, ENE 46 Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798,
ENE 7-9
The Bloody Tenent Yet More
Bloody, ENE 76
The Bloudy Tenent, Washed and
Made White, ENE 22
Blunt, Edmund M., pub., ENE 8


Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1888,
ENE 10
Bradford, William, 1588-1657,
ENE 11
Bradstreet, Anne (Dudley),
1612?-1672, ENE 12, 13
A Brief History of Epidemic and
Pestilential Diseases, ENE 70
Brown, William Hill, 1766-1793,
ENE 14
Bryant, William Cullen,
1794-1878, ENE 2
Callender, Joseph, engr., ENE 60 A Careful and Strict Enquiry into ...
Freedom of Will, ENE 28
Charlotte. A Tale of Truth, ENE 52 Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1787, ENE 15
The Choice: a Poem, ENE 17 The Christian Philosopher, ENE 40


74











EARLY NEW ENGLAND 75


A Chronological History of NewEngland in the Form of Annals
... Vol. I (II, ENE 51
Church, Benjamin, 1639-1718,
ENE 16-18
Church, Benjamin, 1734-1776,
ENE 17, 18
Come Strike the Silver String, ENE 56 A Compendious Dictionary of the
English Language, ENE 71
The Conquest of Candan, ENE 24 The Controversie Concerning Liberty
of Conscience, ENE 21
The Coquette; or, The History of
Eliza Wharton, ENE 29
Cotton, John, 1585-1652, ENE
19-22
Cutter, William, 1801-1867,
ENE 2n
Deane, Charles, ed., ENE 11 Defence of the Constitutions of
Government, ENE 1
Diary of Samuel Sewall,
1674-1729, ENE 58
A Dissertation on the History,
Eloquence, and Poetry of the
Bible, ENE 23
Dissertations on the English
Language, ENE 69
Dwight, Timothy, 1752-1817,
ENE 23-27, 67n
Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758,
ENE 28
Entertaining Passages Relating to
Philip's War, ENE 16
An Essay on the Use and Advantages
of the Fine Arts, ENE 61
An Examination into the Leading
Principles of the Federal Constitution Proposed by the Late
Convention, ENE 68


A Family Tablet: Containing a
Selection of Original Poetry,
ENE 31
The Foresters, ENE 7; 2nd ed., ENE 8 Foster, Hannah (Webster),
1759-1840, ENE 29
Furlong, Lawrence, comp., ENE 3 Gannett, Mary Stiles, ENE S In Gannett, Ruth Stiles, ENE 3in A General History of New England,
ENE 32
Geography Made Easy, ENE 44 The Gleaner .. By Constantia,
ENE 49
Gods Promise to His Plantation,
ENE 19
A Grammatical Institute, of the
English Language .. Part II.
Containing, a Plain and
Comprehensive Grammar, ENE 66 A Grammatical Institute of the
English Language .. Part III.
Containing the Necessary Rules of
Reading and Speaking, ENE 67 Greenfield Hill, ENE 26 Harvard University, ENE 30 The Hasty-Pudding: a Poem, ENE 6 Heaven the Residence of the Saints ...
To Which Is Added, an Elegiac
Poem .. by Phillis ... Wheatley,
ENE 50
A History of New-England. From
the English Planting in the reere
1628, ENE 34
History of Plymouth Plantation,
ENE 11
The History of Printing in America,
ENE 60
The History of the Colony of
Massachusets-Bay, ENE 33


75


EARLY NEW ENGLAND










PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


History of the Rise, Progress and
Termination of the American
Revolution, ENE 65
Holmes, Abiel, 1763-1837, ENE
31, Sin
Holmes, Mary (Stiles), ENE Sin Honeywood, St. John, 1763-1798,
ENE Sin
Hubbard, William, 1621-1704,
ENE S9
Hutchinson, Thomas, 1711-1780,
ENE 83
Johannes in Eremo. Memoirs,
Relating to the Lives, of ...
Mr. John Cotton (and others:,
ENE 38
Johnson, Edward, 1599-1672,
ENE 34
Johnson, Samuel, ENE 54 Josselyn, John, fl. 1680-1675,
ENE 35, 36
A Journal of the Transactions and
Occurrences in the Settlement of
Massachusetts, ENE 77
The Jubilee of the Constitution, ENE 2 A Key into the Language of America,
ENE 75
Kopro'ypaota. Or a
Discourse Concerning Comets,
ENE 42
Lechford, Thomas, 1590?-1644?,
ENE 87
Legge, Henry Bilson, binder,
ENE 49
A Letter of Mr. John Cottons .. to
Mr. Williams, ENE 20
Letters to a Young Gentleman
Commencing His Education,
ENE 72
The Life of the Very Reverend and
Learned Cotton Mather, ENE 43


Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891,
ENE 58
M'Fingal: a Modern Epic Poem,
ENE 62
Magnalia Christi Americana, ENE 39 McKean, Joseph, 1776-1818,
ENE 32
Mather, Cotton, 1663-1728,
ENE 38-41
Mather, Increase, 1639-1723,
ENE 42
Mather, Samuel, 1706-1785,
ENE 43
Mellen, Grenville, 1799-1881,
ENE 2n
Moore, John Hamilton, d. 1807,
ENE 10
Morse, Jedediah, 1761-1826,
ENE 44
Morton, George, 1585-1628, see
"Mourt's Relation," ENE 48 Morton, Nathaniel, 1618-1685,
ENE 45
Morton, Sarah Wentworth
(Apthorp), 1759-1846, ENE 46 Morton, Thomas, 1575-1646,
ENE 47
"Mourt's Relation," ENE 48 Murray, Judith (Sargent) Stevens,
1751-1820, ENE 49
The New American Practical
7Vavigator, ENE 10
.'ew-Englands Memoriall, ENE 45 .New Englands Prospect, ENE 78 New-Englands Rarities Discovered,
ENE 35
New English Canaan or New
Canaan, ENE 47
Oratio Inauguralis Habita in Sacello
Collegii ralenSiS, ENE 59


76











EARLY NEW ENGLAND 77


Peace and Holy Love [,D a Sacred
Song, ENE 57
Pemberton, Ebenezer, 1704-1777,
ENE 50
Pietas et Gratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis apud Novanglos, ENE 30 Plain Dealing: or, 7Vewes from
New England, ENE 37 The Planters Plea, ENE 74 Poems on Various Subjects, Religious
and Moral, ENE 73
The Power of Sympathy, ENE 14 Prince, Thomas, 1687-1758,
ENE 51
Ratio Disciplinae Fratrum NovAnglorum, ENE 41
A Relation or Iournall of the Beginning and Proceedings of the
English Plantation Setled at
Plimoth, ENE 48
Rowson, Susanna (Haswell),
1762-1824, ENE 52-57
Seasonable Thoughts on the State of
Religion in New-England, ENE 15 Several Poems Compiled with Great
Variety of Wit and Learning ...
Second Edition, ENE 13
Sewall, Samuel, 1652-1730, ENE 58 Seymour, Joseph H., engr., ENE 7 The Simple Cobler of Aggawam,
ENE 63, 64
A Spelling Dictionary, ENE 64


Stiles, Ezra, 1727-1795, ENE 59 Stiles, Ezra, Jr., ENE Sin The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up
in America, ENE 12
Thomas, Isaiah, 1749-1831, ENE 60 The Times (.] A Poem, ENE 18 Travels; in New-England and
New-rork, ENE 27
The Triumph of Infidelity, ENE 25
Trumbull, John, 1750-1831, ENE
61, 62, 66n
The Vision of Columbus, ENE 4;
2nd ed., ENE 5
Ward, Nathaniel, 1580-1652,
ENE 63, 64
Warren, Mercy (Otis), 1728-1814,
ENE 65
Webster, Noah, 1758-1843, ENE
66-72; ed., ENE 77
Wheatley, Phillis, 1753?-1784,
ENE 60, 73
White, John, 1575-1648, ENE 74 Will You Rise My Belov'd, ENE 55 Williams, Roger, 1604?-1683,
ENE 75, 76
Winslow, Edward, 1595-1655,
ENE 48
Winthrop, John, 1588-1649,
ENE 77
Wood, William, 1680-1639,
ENE 78


77


EARLY NEW ENGLAND

























Of this book, 650 copies have been printed and bound
at The Stinehour Press, 600 in paper covers
and 160 in cloth for the
Donors to the Howe Fund.
The type is Monotype Bell and the paper Mohawk Superfine.The book's design is
by Freeman Keith.









PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


MANUSCRIPTS


H PS MS 1 Autograph letter signed, addressee unknown ('My Dear Sir:"),
February 14 [1878?], enclosing autographfair copy signed of "Our Neighbor:" Washington, D.C. [1878?] [3] pp., on two folded sheets, the inner sheet glued in probably by recipient or later collector (letter on p. [i], poem on pp. [3] and [5], pp. [2, 4, 6-8] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20-3 x 25.2 cm, folded to 20-3 x 12.6 cm; removed from an album). Responds to a request for an autograph, describes "Our Neighbor" as "verses to Mr. Whittier which have not been published." The poem was published in The Atlantic Monthly,July, 1878 (H PS 21). The manuscript and the 1882 Poems (HPS 28) have the reading "breaker" in line 14; The Atlantic Monthly text reads "breakers". There are numerous changes in punctuation and capitalization in The Atlantic Monthly printing. The text in Poems follows The Atlantic Monthly in general but offers two new pieces of variant punctuation.

H P S M S 2 Autograph letter signed, to Annie Fields, May 5, 1881.
San Antonio, Texas, 1881.
[2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. 13-4] blank; white laid unwatermarked lined paper; sheet 20.2 x 25.2 cm, folded to 20.2 x 12.6 cm). Offers condolences on the death of her husband.James T Fields encouraged Spofford in her early work, and she maintained a long friendship with Annie Fields.

H PS MS 3 Autograph letter signed, to Dr. [William Hayes] Ward, July 8,
1893. Newburyport, Mass., 1893[I] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20 x 25.2 cm, folded to 20 x 12.6 cm). Offers a long poem and suggests a price of $20. Spofford's description fits the poem, "Song and the Prophet's Soul," which was published in The Independent, January 18, 1894 (Halbeisen, p. 251; reprinted in HPS 39).

HPS MS 4 Autograph letter signed, to [William Hayes Ward] the Editor of
The Independent, March 9 [1894] Boston [1894] [2] pp., on a single leaf(white wove unwatermarked paper, 20.1 x 12.4 cm). Offers a "little story in verse,-a sort of Odyssey of the Merrimack ... for the Children's Page." The piece is "The Captain of the Floe"; see HPS MS 5.


20









HARRIET PRESCOTT SPOFFORD


H PS MS 5 "The Captain of the Floe." Autograph manuscript marked as
printer's copy. [Boston, 1894]

7 numbered leaves (versos blank; white wove unwatermarked paper, 20.1 x 12-5 cm). "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in pencil below title; "Boston Mass" added at end. Poem, begins, "The south-wind and the sun came up". Published in The Independent, March 22, 1894 (Halbeisen, p. 241). Uncollected. Enclosed with HPS MS 4.


HPS MS 6 Autograph letter signed, to Dr [William Hayes] Ward, June 4,
1894. Newburyport, Mass., 1894. [2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [3-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.1 X 25.2 cm, folded to 20.1 X 12.6 cm). Asks that changes be made in her "poor little song," according to her enclosed proof and correct copy. The enclosures are not present, but the poem is "Flag Song," which was published in The Independent,July 12, 1894 (Halbeisen, p. 243). See also HPS MS 7.


HPS MS 7 Autograph letter signed, to Dr. [William Hayes] Ward, June 9,
1894. Newburyport, Mass., 1894. [2] pp., on a single leaf (white wove unwatermarked paper, 20.1 x 12.6 cm). Thanks Ward for proof and criticism, but can't fix "the metric difficulty." Spofford's reference to "Seven Stars" in this letter confirms the identification of the poem here and in HPS MS 6 as "Flag Song," published in The Independent, July 12, 1894, and collected in The Great Procession, 1902 (HPS 47).

H PS MS 8 Autograph letter signed, to Dr. [William Hayes] Ward, J1y 17
[1894?] Newburyport, Mass. [1894?] [I] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.1 x 25 cm, folded to 20.1 x 12.5 cm). Offers verses (unidentified). The next poems located in The Independent were published in 1895, "Paradise" on July i4th and "The Bells of September" on September 19th. The letter ("But I do not see that I can do anything more to these verses.. .") gives no clue as to subject.

H PS MS 9 Autograph letter signed, to Dr. [William Hayes] Ward, December
17, 1894. Newburyport, Mass., 1894. [2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [3-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 12.5 x 20 cm, folded to 12-5 x 10 cm). Discusses a request for


21









22


PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


republication of her stories from The Independent. Halbeisen's list has no Spofford stories in The Independent beforeJanuary 1895. HPS MS 3 to Ward, however, mentions a story "on hand" inJuly of 1893. Halbeisen (p. 49) notes that early work published anonymously remains unidentified.

H P S M S 10 Autograph letter signed, to Mr. [William Henry] Rideing, January
22, 1896. Newburyport, Mass., 1896. [2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [3-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.2 x 25.2 cm, folded to 20.2 X 12.6 cm). Responds to a request for a photograph and recommends one of three available from N. Sacony in New York, "the one with lace drapery on the head being the best likeness" (see HPS 33 and 39).

H PS M S 11 Autograph letter signed, to Miss Susan Hayes Ward, July 6
[1896?] Newburyport, Mass. [1896?] [2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [3-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20 x 24.8 cm, folded to 20 x 12.4 cm). Offers a story (unnamed) to The Independent: "It is a study from life in some degree,-and I think I have put some of my most careful work in it."

H P S M S 12 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, October31,
1896. Newburyport, Mass., 1896. 6 pp., on three half sheets (white laid unwatermarked paper, 20.5 x 12.8 cm). Accepts a commission to write a Thanksgiving story for The Independent for $40. A letter of some biographical interest. Spofford mentions the influence of Thomas Wentworth Higginson in her early years.

H P S M S 13 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, November
9, 1896. Newburyport, Mass., 1896. [i] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white laid unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.5 X 25.8 cm, folded to 20-5 x 12.9 cm). Encloses the manuscript for the Thanksgiving story referred to in HPS MS 12. Although the Howe manuscripts place the story "The Thanksgiving in the Hills" (HPS MS 33) following this letter, a different Spofford story, 'A Perpetual Thanksgiving," was published in The Independent for November 26, 1896. It seems unlikely that Miss Ward rejected a submission (but kept the manuscript) and asked Spofford to write another story in time for the November 26th issue. Following the 1896 com-









HARRIET PRESCOTT SPOFFORD


mission, Spofford published Thanksgiving stories in The Independent in 1898, 1899, and 1901. Possibly "The Thanksgiving in the Hills" was intended for 1897 or 1900 but not published.

H P S M S 14 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, November
14 [1896?] Newburyport, Mass. [1896?] [I] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white laid paper watermarked "1895"; sheet 20-5 x 25.6 cm, folded to 20.5 x 12.8 cm). Offers verses for "the children's department" of The Independent. The submission, suggested by a snowstorm, might be "In Icy Weather," published February 4, 1897.

H P S M S 15 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, March 6,
1897. Washington, D.C., 1897. [I] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4 blank; white laid unwatermarked paper; sheet 20 x 25.4 cm, folded to 20 x 12.7 cm). Offers a sonnet for publication in The Independent, enclosing HPS MS 16, "The Truce of God."

H PS MS 16 "The Truce of God." Autograph manuscript marked as printer's
copy. [Washington, D.C., 1897] [I] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white laid unwatermarked paper; sheet 20 x 25.4 cm, folded to 20 x 12.7 cm). Sent with HPS MS 15; on same paper. "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in pencil below title; "Washington D.C." added at end. Sonnet, begins, "Blow, trumpets, blow heaven=high your swelling strain,". Published in The Independent, March 18, 1897 (Halbeisen, p. 252). Uncollected.

H P S M S 17 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, March io,
1897. Washington, D.C., 1897. [2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [3-4] blank; white laid unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.1 X 25.4 cm, folded to 20.1 x 12.7 cm). Refers to the acceptance of the sonnet "The Truce of God" (HPS MS 16), and anticipates a visit by Miss Ward in Washington.

H P S M S 18 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, December
3, 1897- Topsfield, Mass., 1897. [2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [3-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.2 x 25.2 cm, folded to 20.2 x 12.6 cm). Offers a long poem.


23




-7


24 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY

The poem is "The Cedar Tree" (see further, HPS MS 19-21, 23). Spofford gives her address as care of Mr. T W Peirce, Topsfield (see HPS 28, 30).

H P S M S 19 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, December 9
[1897] Topsfield, Mass. [1897]

[3] pp., on a single sheet folded once (p. [4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.2 x 25.2 cm, folded to 20.2 x 12.6 cm). Agrees with a criticism of line 2 of "The Cedar Tree" and gives two possible versions of the revised line, asking Miss Ward to choose between them. The line is changed on the manuscript HPS MS 21. The letter is dated in pencil "(1897)" and follows the Topsfield letter dated by Spofford December 3, 1897 (HPS MS 18).

HPS MS 20 "The Cedar Tree." Autograph manuscript leaf marked as printer's
copy. [Topsfield, Mass., 1897] [i] p., on a single leaf (p. [2] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper, 20.2 x 12.7 cm). The first page of the poem only. "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in blue pencil below title. Line 2 is changed by the editor in pencil from "The birds of the air round me fled," to "Thunders broke round me and fled," as suggested in HPS MS 19. "The Cedar Tree" was not published in The Independent untilJune 14, 1900 (Halbeisen, p. 242).

H P S M S 21 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, April '
[1898] Washington, D.C. [1898]

[4] pp., on a single sheet folded once (white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.2 x 24.8 cm, folded to 20.2 x 12.4 cm). Refers to an expected delay in publication of the "long long" poem "The Cedar Tree" and offers a shorter poem, probably "The Singers," HPS MS 22; recalls the visit by Miss Ward mentioned in HPS MS 17.

HPS MS 22 "The Singers. "Autograph manuscript marked asprinter's copy.
[Newburyport, Mass.? 1898?]
[2] pp., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2] and [4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.2 x 24.8 cm, folded to 20.2 x 12.4 cm). "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in ink below title; "Newburyport, Mass" added at end, although this may be the poem sent from Washington with HPS MS 21. Poem, begins, "He struck his harp a sounding stroke". Published in The Independent,January 12, 1899 (Halbeisen, p. 250). Uncollected.









HARRIET PRESCOTT SPOFFORD


H P S M S 23 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, August 12
[1898] Newburyport, Mass. [1898] [3] pp., on a single sheet folded once (p. [4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20.2 X 24.8 cm, folded to 20.2 x 12.4 cm). Encloses a story for the Children's Department of The Independent, probably "Miss Sophia's Baby," HPS MS 24. Asks again about "The Cedar Tree" (see HPS MS 20), not wanting to be forgotten by her Independent readers. She had not published there since March of 1897 (HPS MS 16).

HPS MS 24 'Miss Sophia's Baby."Autograph manuscript marked as printer's
copy. [Newburyport, Mass.? 1898?] 26 numbered leaves (versos blank; white wove unwatermarked lined paper, 20-5 x 12.8 cm). "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in pencil below title on first leaf. Probably the story accompanying HPS MS 23. Not in Halbeisen; not located in The Independent.

H P S M S 25 Autograph letter signed, to Miss [Susan Hayes] Ward, August 23
[1898] Newburyport, Mass. [1898] [4] pp., on a single sheet folded once (white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 17.8 x 22.8 cm, folded to 17.8 x 11.4 cm). Offers a patriotic ballad for children to The Independent. Poem not traced.

H PS MS 26 "The Flight of the Buzzards." Autograph manuscript marked as
printer's copy. [Newburyport, Mass.? 1899?] [i] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white laid paper watermarked "1898"; sheet 20.4 x 25.4 cm, folded to 20.4 x 12.7 cm). "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in red pencil below title; "Newburyport, Mass." added at end. Poem, begins, "They sat beside the road that brings". Published in The Independent, September 14, 1899 (Halbeisen, p. 243). Uncollected.

H P S M S 27 Autograph letter signed, to Mr. Ward, February 23, 1901.
Washington, D.C., 1901.
[i] p., on a single sheet folded once (pp. [2-4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 19.9 x 24.8 cm, folded to 19.9 x 12.4 cm). Complains of a letter misaddressed to Deer Isle, Maine.


25









26


PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY


H P S M S 28 Autograph letter signed, to the Editor of The Independent, July
20, 1901. Newburyport, Mass., 1901. [i] p., on a single leaf(p. [2] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper, 19.9 x 12.5 cm). Offers verses, possibly "Distrust," published in The Independent, October 24, 1901 (Halbeisen, p. 243)H PS MS 29 "The Vital Force." Autograph manuscript marked as printer's
copy. [Washington, D.C.? 1902?] [i] p., on a single leaf (p. [2] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper, 19.9 x 12.5 cm). "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in blue pencil below title; "Washington DC" added at end, crossed out and changed to "Newburyport Mass". Because Spofford spent summers in Newburyport and winters in Washington or Boston, the address added for publication may match this pattern to the publication date instead of identifying the place from which the manuscript was sent. Poem, begins, "When the year's mighty music swells far on its stave". Published in The Independent,July 17, 1902 (Halbeisen, p. 252). Uncollected.

H PS MS 30 "Castle Giant. "Autograph manuscrnpt marked asprinter's copy.
[Newburyport, Mass.? 1910?]
[i] p., on a single leaf (p. [2] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper, 19.9 x 12.7 cm). "By Harriet Prescott Spofford" added by editor in ink below title; "Newburyport, Mass" added at end. Poem, begins, "It loomed on the far horizon,". Published in The Independent, March 17, 1910 (Halbeisen, p. 241). Uncollected.

HPS MS 31 Autograph letter signed, to Mrs. [William Hayes?] Ward, June
22, 1910. Newburyport, Mass., 1910. [1], 2-3, [4] pp., on a single sheet folded once (white linen-weave paper; sheet 14.4 x 22 cm, folded to 14.4 x I' cm). Sends a copy of The Amber Gods, commenting that she was paid a hundred and five dollars for the title story when it appeared in The Atlantic Monthly in the January and February issues of 186o. This letter was inserted in HPS 2, originally a presentation copy to the author's mother.

H P S M S 3 2 Autograph letter signed, to Mrs. [William Hayes?] Ward [191o?] Boston [1910?]

[3] pp., on a single sheet folded once (p. [4] blank; white wove unwatermarked paper; sheet 20 X 25 cm, folded to 20 X 12-5 cm). Responds to a letter about a book, probably the copy of The Amber Gods sent with HPS MS 31.




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PAGE 1

THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA &~~mE~~wEBrn~w2Qm~ B Gi B $4 4 B fa E! The Parkrnan Dexter Howe Library XkQ PART I GS w R k+ B W M

PAGE 2

The Parkman Dexter Howe Library PART I SIDNEY IVES GENERAL EDITOR Ibe Collector and tbe Collections Charles A. Rheault George T. Godspeed Parkman Dexter Howe & A Descrzptive Catalogue of tbe Early New England Books Roger E. Stddard THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA GAINESVILLE . 1983

PAGE 3

The Sou112 D... . ~i New-England, as it is

PAGE 4

THE PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY

PAGE 5

Bachrach P.D-H

PAGE 6

G2EB@2EB@%EB@2EG@zEB@gEBm: $4 ??4 Cd @ $4 b4 The Cd Parkman Dexter Howe $4 M @ a Library $4 b4 PART I @ @ $4 SIDNEY IVES b.4 GENERAL EDITOR @ @ $4 The Collector and the Collections Charles A. Rheault George T. Goodspeed Parkman Dexter Howe .A Descr$tive Catalogue of the Early New England Books Roger E. Stoddard THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA GAINESVILLE . 1983

PAGE 7

EDITORIAL BOARD THE PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA Raymond Gay-Crosier, Chairman; Professor of French Alistair M. Duckworth, Professor of English T. Walter Herbert, Emeritus Professor of English Sidney Ives, Librarian, Rare Books C3 Manuscripts Aubrey Williams, Graduate Research Profssor of English BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CONSULTANT John Alden, Emeritus Keeper of Rare Books Boston Public Library OF COUNSEL John Lancaster Special Collections, Archives, Amherst College Ruth Mortimer Rare Books, Smith College Roger E. Stoddard The Houghton Library, Harvard University o 1983 The University of Florida All rights reserved

PAGE 8

CONTENTS Honorary Curators and Donors Preface THE COLLECTOR AND THE COLLECTIONS Charles A. Rheault: P.D.H.-The Book Collector at Home 17 George T. Goodspeed: P.D.H.-The Book Collector Afield 22 Parkman Dexter Howe: My New England Authors 29 A DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF THE EARLY NEW ENGLAND BOOKS Roger E. Stoddard Foreword Key to Bibliographic Citations Early New England Books Index: Provenances Index: Authors and Titles

PAGE 9

ILLUSTRATIONS ENDPAPERS : "The South part of New-England . . . 1634." Woodcut folding map, William Wood, flew Englands Prospect F R o N TI s P I E c E : Parkman Dexter Howe in 1946, photograph by Fabian Bachrach PLATE I : Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of facingpage 56 America PLATE I I : John Josselyn, Xew-Englands Rarities 56 PLAT E I I I : Anne Bradstreet, Several Poems 5 7 PLATE I v : William Hill Brown, The Power of Sympathy 5 7 PLATE V: Noah Webster, A Brief History of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases 64 PLATE VI: Increase Mather, KOMHTOrPA9IA 65

PAGE 10

August of 1980 was a mensis mirabilis at the University of Florida. In thirty days, supporters of the University replied to my letter of appeal with the funds needed to buy Parkman Howe's library and to support publication of these catalogues. The promptness and generosity of those donations was one of the most gladdening experiences of my life. This publication expresses our gratitude to our donors and to Mr. Howe's heirs. I had the privilege of being with the collector's four children when we celebrated our acquisition in December 198 1. I'd like to thank them again, and to dedicate these catalogues to Marietta, Maude, Parkie, and David. ROBERT Q. MARSTON President The University of Florida

PAGE 11

NOTE Ee The acquisition of Parkman Dexter Howe's library of New England literature means a great deal to the University of Florida Libraries. We are a research library, and any opportunity to establish and make available an extraordinary research resource for the academic community satisfies our most fundamental raison d'ttre. Henry Saltonstall Howe, Parkman Dexter Howe's father, started such a research collection in 1864, long before the University of Florida Libraries came into existence. For more than a century these two men accumulated and generously shared with scholars the books and manuscripts that are the beginnings of a native American literature. We can do no better than to emulate that tradition. This catalogue acknowledges the collectors whose percipience created the Howe library, the contributors who made the acquisition possible, and the bibliographers who have organized and written the descriptive entries. The catalogue, however, does something more, of equal importance: it establishes the dedication of the Libraries to the maintenance and enhancement of this type of research resource for the academic community. It is this dedication that truly honors the past and encourages our present endeavor. GUSTAVE A. HARRER Director of Libraries The University of Florida

PAGE 12

HONORARY CURATORS AND DONORS

PAGE 14

HONORARY CURATORS & DONORS Gifts from the following corporations, foundations, and friends enabled the University of Florida to purchase the Howe Collection. Each donor is named on the bookplate in an important manuscript or printed work. Exceptional gifts are recognized by honorary curatorships of complete author collections. HONORARY CURATORS Mr. and Mrs. Jean P. Ahrano Robert Frost in appreciation of Dr. and Mrs. Charles Archibald Robertson and Misses Marjorie and Ruth White Mr. and Mrs. Shepard Broad Henry David Ihoreau Mr. and Mrs. James D. Camp, Jr. Louisa May Alcott, Filliam Cullen Bryant Xathaniel Hawthorne, Francis Parkman Mr. Thomas Chastain John Greenleaf Whittier Mr. and Mrs. Henry H. Danker JohnLothrop Motley Mr. and Mrs. William M. Goza James Russell Lowell in memory of William M. Goza, Sr., and Edna Webb Goza Mrs. Donald F. Hyde Edna St. Vincent Millay Mr. H. E. Johnson in memory of Howard Phillips Henry Adams Dr. and Mrs. Robert Q. Marston Emily Dickinson

PAGE 15

4 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Mr. and Mrs. William E. Minshall Edwin Arlington Robinson Miss Mildred Overstreet Amy Lowell Hon. and Mrs. Bryan Simpson Thomas Bailey Aldrich Gen. and Mrs. James A. Van Fleet Henry JVadswortb Longfellow Dr. and Mrs. E. T. York, Jr. Richard Henry Dana, Jr. CORPORATE AND FOUNDATION DONORS ABC Liquors, Inc. ABC Research Corporation Akerman, Senterfitt & Eidson Alico, Inc. W. S. Badcock Corporation The Estate of Ralph R. Bailey Belk Lindsey Stores The George P. Bickford Foundation The Shepard Broad Foundation Charity, Inc. The Chastain Foundation Connecticut General Insurance Corporation The Continental Group Foundation, Inc. The Jack Eckerd Corporation Foundation Exposition Foundation, Inc. Fidelity Federal Savings and Loan Association, West Palm Beach First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Orlando Florida Federal Savings and Loan Association The Florida Times-Union Food Ranch, Inc. The Gainesville Surgical Group Great American Book Fairs Ben Hill Griffin, Inc. The John M. Hammer Foundation International Media Systems, Inc. George W. Jenkins Foundation, Inc. Foundation of Jewish Philanthropies Johnson and Higgins Jay I. Kislak Philanthropic Fund Noah and Nina Liff Family Foundation M & H Foods, Inc. Metal Industries Foundation, Inc. Miller Enterprises, Inc. News-Journal Corporation

PAGE 16

HONORARY CURATORS AND DONORS 5 Overstreet Foundation W. M. Palmer Co., Inc. The Bank of Pasco County A. P. Phillips Foundation The Dr. P. Phillips Foundation Racal-Milgo, Inc. Richardson Foundation, Inc. Sav-A-Stop Foundation, Inc. Schopke Construction Sentinel Star Association, Inc. Sycamore Creek, Inc. Betty Keene Thomas Trust United States Sugar Corporation The Wentworth Foundation, Inc. Wilhelm Veterinary Clinic INDIVIDUAL DONORS Hon. Alto Lee Adams, Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Alto Lee Adams, Jr. Mr. Mark A. Ahrano in honor of Edwina Lovelle Ahrano Mr. William Y. Akerman Mrs. Martin Andersen in honor of T. Picton Warlow and Martin Andersen Dr. and Mrs. Clyde 0. Anderson Dr. Jere W. Annis Anonymous in honor of Sidney Ives Anonymous in memory of U. S. "Preacher" Gordon Mr. Fred W. Barber Dr. Jean Lester Bennett Ms. Donna K. Berger Mr. and Mrs. George P. Bickford Dr. and Mrs. Hal G. Bingham Mr. and Mrs. John B. Boy Dr. Yvonne Brackbill Mr. Daniel B. Bronson Dr. William L. Brown Mrs. Louise R. Butler in honor and memory of her husband, Byron N. Butler Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Carter in memory of Clarence Reid McMaster, Jr. Mrs. Emory L. Cocke in memory of her husband, Emory Logan Cocke Mr. and Mrs. William G. Conomos Mr. Francis P. Conroy Mr. Alec P. Courtelis Mr. Anthony W. Cunningham Mrs. Snead Y. Davis Mr. Henry Dawes in honor of Frazar B. Wilde Mr. Herbert M. Davidson, Sr. Dr. and Mrs. Allen Y. DeLaney Mr. Sam T. Dell, Jr. in honor of his parents, Sam T. Dell, Sr., and Ollie W. Dell Mr. William H. Dial in honor of John C. Dial, brother and alumnus, University of Florida

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6 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Ms. Mary K. Dixon Mr. and Mrs. John W. Donahoo Mr. and Mrs. Atwood Dunwody Mr. George T. Eidson, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Ervin Mr. Frederick E. Fisher Mr. William Snow Frates in memory of his mother, Susan Snow Frates Dr. and Mrs. Leonard T. Furlow, Jr . in memory of Dr. and Mrs. Leonard T. Furlow. Sr. Mrs. Marjorie A. Gay Mr. W. W. Gay Mr. Philip E. Gerlach, Jr. Mr. Delbridge L. Gibbs Mr. M. Carr Gibson in memory of Lt. Hutch Gibson, killed in action, 1969 Hon. Fred S. Gilbert, Jr. in honor of Mabel Parker Gilbert Mr. and Mrs. Raleigh W. Greene, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Raleigh W. Greene, I11 Mr. and Mrs. Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. Mr. James Thomas Gurney Mr. John M. Hammer, Sr. Mr. John David Harris, Jr. in memory of Peggy Harris and Dr. Rowland E. Wood Mr. Mack V. Hart Mr. Frederick A. Hauck Mr. C. H. Hickox, Sr. Mrs. Betsy M. Holloway in honor of Dr. Rufus M. Holloway, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John D. Holloway Mr. Robert M. Howard, Sr. in memory of his brother, Julian D. Howard Mrs. Dora Donner Ide Mrs. Hazel 0. Jacobs Mr. George W. Jenkins Mr. Hjalma E. Johnson Mrs. Vera W. Judge in honor of her mother, Charity P. Wilder, and sisters Evangeline and Hanoiese Wilder Mr. and Mrs. Arthur M. Kahn in appreciation to the University of Florida for the years 1933 to 1938 Mr. Marvin D. Kahn Mr. Kenneth K. Keene Mrs. Mary G. Keene Hon. D. Burke Kibler, I11 Mr. Jay I. Kislak Mr. William Bryan Leath Mr. David H. Levin Mr. and Mrs. P. Scott Linder Mr. and Mrs. Charles P. Lykes Mr. Mitchell S. Magid in remembrance of Dr. C. Archibald Robertson, my esteemed mentor and great, good friend Mr. Raymer F. Maguire, Jr. Mr. William S. Maurer Mr. Michael M. McFall in remembrance of Anna W. McFall Dr. Thomas B. McGinty in honor of Theresa McGinty and Joan Diamond Mr. Alfred A. McKethan Dr. and Mrs. Emanuel Merdinger Mrs. Esther Gatlin Miller

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HONORARY CURATORS AND DONORS 7 Mr. George C. Miller, Jr. Mrs. Tybel Spivack in honor of George C. Miller, Sr. in loving memory of her husband, Mr. Paul L. Minshall A. H. Spivack Mr. and Mrs. Fred Y. Dr. and Mrs. Benjamin L. Montsdeoca Stalnaker, Jr. Hon. John H. Moore, I1 Mr. John Hardwick Stembler Mr. Albert C. O'Neill, Jr. in honor of U. S. "Preacher" Gordon Mr. Fareed T. Ossi Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell P. Stiles Mr. Whitfield M. Palmer, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Howard Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Parrish Stoughton, Jr. Mrs. Betty Keene Thomas Mr. Fred P. Pettijohn in loving memory of Bette W. in honor of Phil and Mark Pettijohn Adams Mr. Alton G. Pitts Mr. Fred Wallace Pope, Jr. Drs. Nell W. and James M. Potter in honor of Mrs. Wendell C. Potter Mrs. Annie C. Pound Mr. Earl P. Powers Dr. Frederick N. Rhines Mr. and Mrs. Dan K. Richardson Mr. Dwight L. Rogers, Jr. Mr. J. William Rood Dr. and Mrs. Melvin L. Rubin Mr. Johnson S. Savary in honor of Mrs. Mary T. Savary Mr. Gert H. W. Schmidt Mr. E. Neil Schopke Mr. Paul T. Selle Mr. Donald T. Senterfitt Mr. Marshall C. Sewall Mr. William Paul Shelley, Jr. Mr. Frederick Buren Smith Mr. Lloyd Smith, Jr. Dr. James B. Tobias Mr. Henry S. Toland in honor of Belva Sutton Toland Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Triplett Mr. David L. Turley Mr. J. T. Walker, Sr. in honor of Mrs. Alliday Walker Dr. Paul F. Wallace in memory of Helen Freeman Holmes, 1900-1976 Mr. Alfred C. Warrington, IV Mr. and Mrs. Welcom H. Watson Mr. P. A. B. Widener, I11 Mrs. Amy S. Wilcox Dr. and Mrs. Ralph S. Wilhelm, Jr. Mr. James Y. Wilson Mr. Richard S. Wolfson in memory of Maurice and Julia Wolfson Mr. Ben D. Wood Mr. Leo Wotitzky

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PREFACE N IMPORTANT PART of the University of Florida's negotiaA tions for Mr. Parkman Howe's library was a promise to publish a catalogue recording the collection, memorializing the collector, and honoring the donors who made the purchase possible. The collections are now accessioned, and the time has come to publish. In May of 1982 I asked three distinguished bibliographers to spend a weekend examining the collections and drawing up guidelines for the catalogue. Roger E. Stoddard is Associate Librarian of the Houghton Library, Harvard, chairman of the Bibliographical Society of America's supervisory committee for the Bibliography of American Literature (BAL) , and bibliographer of. American poetry printed before 182 1 ; John Lancaster is the Special Collections Librarian at Amherst College and co-edi tor, with Ruth Mortimer, of the Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America; Miss Mortimer is also Curator of Rare Books at Smith College and the author of monumental bibliographies of Italian and French sixteenth-century illustrated books. We worked with several goals in mind: opening this celebrated library for research, noting the provenances of these special copies, and making the catalogue of maximum use to scholars both as a finding guide and as a guide to the inscriptions and marginalia in many of the books. We agreed that the catalogue should be published in separate sections, with each author or subject field edited by an acknowledged authority. For that reason, we could not publish in a predetermined order, nor in one or two volumes, without a long delay. Publication in fascicles gives us flexibility in finding scholars who can fit the work into their individual schedules and commitments.

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10 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY A major strength of the library is the accumulation in one place of different versions of an author's texts. In American publication, and especially in the nineteenth century, a piece of poetry or prose was often printed and reprinted in different formats. A poem might appear in a separate broadside or leaflet, as did Emerson's "Concord Hymn"; then in a newspaper, or in an Order of Exercises; in a magazine; in anthologies and gift books; in a book of the author's selected poems; and finally in an author's collected works. Our catalogue will record all the versions of texts that are available in the Howe Library: in manuscripts, leaflets, newspapers, sheet music, annuals, anthologies, first and revised printings in books and magazines. Scholars may learn that time, expense, and travel can be saved by a single visit to Gainesville. Great research potential resides in the many inscribed and annotated books in the collection. Inscriptions may establish otherwise uncertain relations between the author and his friends, dates of publication, or otherwise unascertainable sequences of printing or binding. In some copies, authors have revised or corrected printed texts by hand. Sometimes annotations prove the authorship of works published anonymously. George D. Prentice's Biography of Henry Clay is partly by Whittier, but his exact contributions would be unknown except for the Howe copy, in which Whittier himself indicated the parts he had written. Important biographical data are established by inscriptions in the collection. James Russell Lowell's poems to his fianc6e, Maria White, scribbled on the flyleaves of a book while he and Maria summered at Nantasket in 1841, shed new light on the poet's private life. Scholars will find an index to personal names in inscriptions, bookplates, documents, and other sources outside the printed texts. Autograph letters and authors' manuscripts will be fully authenticated, described, and indexed, so that users of the catalogue can know what kinds of bibliographical and biographical information may be derived from them. The bibliographical work will be done by scholars with particular knowledge of the problems in American printing. For convenience and economy, standard descriptions such as those in the BAL will be cited,

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PREFACE 11 rather than repeated, but the citations will be valuable, of course, only if the Howe copy has been compared in physical make-up, text, and appearance with the standard description of the work. Agreement of the cited description with the copy in hand will be rigorously verified by an authority in whom confidence can be reposed. In effect, bibliographical specialists will describe copies so that local scholars can work with the books, and distant scholars with the catalogue. All of us involved with planning the catalogue agreed that we would like to see the titles reproduced in full, but when we were working in the collections last summer, it became plain that we could not go all the way with photographic reproductions of the titles; we also determined that it would be impossible to be consistent in quasi-facsimile transcription of materials printed over a span of 350 years, in many different formats. Because a good bibliographical base exists for the collection (the facsimiles in the Church catalogue, for example, reproduce many titles in the Early New England section), we decided to use simplified titles and regularized capitalization and punctuation. Bibliographers have been generally instructed to follow the Chicago Manual of Style, to record collational variants from standard descriptions of books, to describe bindings, and to note all manuscript inscriptions and signs of provenance. Printed pieces are entered chronologically from the earliest publication, and the initials of authors or subjects are combined with numerals, beginning with "1 ," for entry codes (e.g., the Early New England books are numbered ENE 1-78). Letters and manuscripts will form a second section coded with authors' initials and the letters "MS." For example, HCenryJ WCadsworth] Lcongfellow] =HWL MS 1, etc. Each collection will be indexed by author and title and by such personal names as occur in ownership inscriptions and marginalia. These indices will be combined in the final fascicle. Subscribers can, of course, bind up the whole series in any sequence they choose. A few books have already been added to Mr. Howe's library. Early works previously acquired by the University are designated "UF copy." At the conclusion of our fund drive a nucleus of donors formed the Howe Society to publicize and support the library. Other friends have since

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12 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY joined us, and their dues have enabled us to fill some lacunae in the collections-designated "Gift of the Howe Society" in the cataloguesand to enjoy an annual bibliophilic dinner. At the first of these, George Goodspeed and Charles Rheault gave the addresses printed in this volume, later repeating them before the Club of Odd Volumes in Boston, where they and Mr. Howe and I talked books for a quarter of a century. Mr. Howe's own account of his library is reprinted from The Book Collector ( 1963). The Early New England shelves in the library, described in this first fascicle, represent the final phase of Mr. Howe's collecting and differs from all the others. He bought only the most important books of that period as the background for his author collections from the next two centuries. Mr. Stoddard has described this section of the library and noted any variations from our general bibliographical principles caused by the special nature of his section. John Alden, distinguished bibliographer and Americanist, now at Brown University, Emeritus Keeper of Rare Books at the Boston Public Library, has agreed to serve as bibliographical consultant to the entire project and will describe our collections of Henry Adams, Bronson Alcott, and Louisa May Alcott in future fascicles. Miss Mortimer is working on the Edna St. Vincent Millay and Harriet Prescott Spofford collections, and Mr. Lancaster, who has recently catalogued Amherst's Robert Frost holdings, on our manuscripts and printings by that poet. Other collections will be described by Eleanor M. Tilton, Barnard College professor and bibliographer of Whittier and Holmes ; G. Thomas Tanselle, bibliographer, and vice-president of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation; Michael Winship, editor of the BAL; Professor Joel Myerson of the University of South Carolina, who has just published extensive bibliographies of Emerson and Emily Dickinson; Raymond R. Borst, collector and bibliographer of Thoreau; C. E. Frazer Clark, Jr., Hawthorne collector and bibliographer; Kevin MacDonnell, collector, and bibliographer for the Jenkins Company; David O'Neal, bookseller, and bibliographer, under Jacob Blanck, of the Longfellow section of the BAL; and Melvyn New, general editor of the University

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PREFACE 13 of Florida's edition ofLaurence Sterne, and John B. Pickard, editor of the Harvard edition of Whittier's letters, both professors in the English department at the University of Florida. We are deeply indebted to all these scholars. An editor's last duty is the most pleasant one, that of pulling back the curtains and asking the cast to take a bow. First comes George Goodspeed, who suggested I try to secure Mr. Howe's collections for the University of Florida and acted thereafter as an intermediary with the heirs. Charles Rheault, Mr. Howe's son-in-law and executor, and I worked out the agreement to keep the library intact and to produce a catalogue memorializing the collector and honoring our donors. Next is Gustave Harrer, Director of Libraries at the University of Florida. Dr. Harrer saw immediately the research value of Mr. Howe's library, and his enthusiasm aroused that of Dr. Robert Q. Marston, our president, who repeatedly spread the word to Gator fans on radio and TV at football half-time. With time growing short, Samuel Gowan, Assistant Director for Special Resources, brought in a large gift from William Goza, trustee of the Wentworth Foundation, that paid for a purchase agreement with Mr. Howe's heirs. J. Ardene Wiggins and William K. Stone, of the Office ofDevelopment and Alumni Affairs, took over in a whirlwind campaign to round up funds before our option ran out in September. Mrs. Lilla Moye, of that office, was our superb liaison. On the first of August 1980, President Marston wrote eloquently to all members of the Presidents Council (friends to the University), describing the collections, to which he had made a personal contribution, and appealing for help. Almost immediately a trickle of letters became a flood of checks-some of them large. Before the end of August we had the money in hand for a first down payment, and additional pledges for the second payment next September. At that time the president could announce that the contract was secure. This first number of the catalogue records the individuals and corporations who joined us. Since that "marvelous adventure," as one vice-president called it, we have completed accessioning all parts of Mr. Howe's library-sheet music, magazines, serials, tickets, bills of fare, programs-all the scarce and

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14 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY often unique ephemeral printings that will tell so much to scholars. We had advice from Michael Winship, who spent a weekend looking over the collections and suggesting how best to record them. All the books and manuscripts have also been recorded, and the trophies of our adventure are within bibliographical control. Accessioning so enormous a range and quantity of unusual materials has been long and difficult. We had to adopt a system that would maintain some kind of order while work went on. We numbered the pieces according to the box (there were 117) in which they were shippedthe boxes were lettered "SALVAGE" to discourage curiosity-then by their places on the shelves. We thus have a temporary call number and shelf position for every piece. This task went on for two years. Fortunately I had the help of three wise ladies: Miss Linda Huntoon, marvelously sweet-natured and a tireless typist; Miss Elizabeth Vandiver, of seemingly limitless knowledge and invention; and Miss Carmen Russell, who imposes order and form on our inconsistencies, our false starts, and the ornate diction that is to me a fatal Cleopatra. The members of the Editorial Board have spent many hours reviewing and improving printers' copy. Professors Raymond Gay-Crosier, Alistair Duckworth, Walter Herbert, and Aubrey Williams worked with a grace and a trenchancy that made our meetings as pleasant as they were valuable. I think we all look forward to collaboration on future publications in the series. SIDNEY IVES General Editor The Parkman Dexter Howe Library

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THE COLLECTOR AND THE COLLECTIONS by CHARLES A. RHEAULT GEORGE T. GOODSPEED PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AT HOME H AV I N G thoughtfully foreseen the possibility that some users of this catalogue might inquire what sort of man had collected all these books, Sidney Ives kindly suggested that I might provide some background information about Parkman Dexter Howe, a man of great scope, widely varied interests, and remarkable energy. As one who was fortunate enough to have known him as my father-inlaw for a third of a century, I find on recollection that one of the most astonishing aspects of Mr. Howe's life is that he could have collected even a few hundred-never mind several thousand-books, for he was so continuously busy in so many varied pursuits that there would hardly be the time, the interest, and the perseverance to do it all. First and foremost, Parkman Howe was a family man, fond of his children and grandchildren, and devoted to his wife. His other great passion was sailing, whether in a Herreshoff twelve-footer or in a ten-metre racing sloop; he was a first-rate navigator in cruising the farthest shores of downeast Maine; he was a highly competitive helmsman in the often stormy waters of Buzzards Bay; and he was even a noted cook in the galley when called upon. He was also a considerable collector of silverware, and would sweep up several trophies each summer. When the sailing season was over, Mr. Howe's chiefweekend delight was in pruning and clearing the woods and flowering shrubs surrounding his Needham home; he was an ardent and skillful woodsman and, beyond that, a self-taught horticulturist who was equally adept in the art of establishing espaliered fruit trees, or in the planting and cultivating of an

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18 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY extensive rose garden. As yet another hobby, he took up woodcarving, and then the making of fine furniture; his skill can still be attested by four superior pieces which have been passed on to his children. In business, Parkman Howe was involved for most of his life with the manufacture of textile machinery, and it is fair to say that he was eminently successful: in each of three firms he became either treasurer or president. During this strenuous period, he still found time to take an active part in civic affairs: he was a selectman for three years; he was chairman of the local draft board during World War 11; he was a vestryman and senior warden for his church for nine years; and after leaving business affairs, he became first treasurer and then president of the Children's Hospital in Boston, for a ten-year period. Collecting books was not one of Mr. Howe's interests until he was in his early forties, when he became seriously involved. Later, he would find it hard to describe the process by which he began to collect; he would usually shrug his shoulders, give a sheepish grin, and admit that it had become an "addiction." From what I have learned from various fragments of family history, I venture to offer a reasonable hypothesis for the addiction. First, he grew up in a book-collecting environment where his father, Henry Saltonstall Howe, accumulated a truly vast library; the senior Howe collected notable association and presentationcopies, first editions of Austen, Hardy, and Eliot, over one hundred books about Napoleon and his times, one book each from the libraries of the presidents of the United States, many multi-volume sets in fine bindings, and a host of other items. Parkman was the youngest of five children, and I dare say he was the closest to his father, and especially so in his book-collecting period; certainly he was the only one of the children who went on to collect seriously. Second, when Henry S. Howe died in 193 1, the huge library was divided up by his five heirs and the individual collections were dismantled. Except for the association copies and the presidential library books, which were bequeathed to Harvard, the rest of the books were widely dispersed, with children taking by turns individual books out of an author collection. This, Parkman Howe mentioned to me much later, was a great pity.

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AT HOME 19 --With his share of his father's library, Mr. Howe received a number of books by New England authors, and particularly interesting were those by John Greenleaf Whittier, who was a friend and neighbor of his grandfather in the Haverhill days. Parkman Howe felt the pull of his father's interest, and after some reflection, decided to collect a few more books in the New England field. From Whittier it was an easy leap to Longfellow and Holmes; and soon Hawthorne, Emerson, and Thoreau; eventually, his interests went all the way back to the literary beginnings of New England history. He began first by trying to fill some evident gaps, and would try to exchange or purchase books which his brothers or sister had. Then he began to inquire where other needed titles could be found, and by a rather happy coincidence there was, readily at hand in Boston, Goodspeed's Book Shop-where he began an active and cordial association that persisted for almost fifty years. Mr. Howe's "addiction" grew apace in the nineteen thirties. Although much of his correspondence was not preserved, he did decide to keep three large letterfiles for the years 1933-1936, years during which he was a selectman; the files were full of town affairs, of course, but when I went through the attic after his death in 1980, I found at the end of each file a thick folder of correspondence about books. It was astonishing to see that hardly a week went by without one or two letters being written -to booksellers, to fellow collectors, to scholars, to descendants of New England authors who might have a clue as to where a long-lost eightpage pamphlet might be hidden. As the trickle of books became a steady stream, Mr. Howe's den in Needham began to overflow; to make shelf space available for New England authors, other books were moved to the living room and the bedrooms; then even some of the New Englanders had to be relegated to the attic and, by the nineteen fifties, even to the basement. He bought a summer cottage in Wellfleet whose shelves were soon filled; now in retirement and busily gardening eight hours a day, he still could not resist temptation when he dropped into a bookstore and found that a Cape Cod author had written some forty novels. Over several years, he found them all, first editions, of course, and was delighted with his finds, even though he did not consider them as properly part of his collection of New England authors.

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20 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY A recurring theme in Mr. Howe's conversation about books was always "the sheer fun of it." He enjoyed pursuing an elusive title, finding a previously unknown publication, discovering by chance an autograph letter tucked into an old book. He derived an immense amount ofpleasure from talking and writing to fellow collectors, booksellers, bibliographers, and anyone who shared his love for books. He would never, though, force his own interest upon a general conversation, and he was so modest in everything that very few people knew him as a book collector. Mr. Howe was extremely diffident about the size and quality of his collection, insisting that other collectors had done a much better job. It was only with some reluctance that he was willing to write a short article for The Book Collector, and he brought the first draft to Sidney Ives (then working at the Houghton Library) only with the most grievous misgivings. As did his father before him, Parkman Howe derived a special kind of thrill from association copies. He never claimed to be a scholar, nor did he ever claim to be deeply read in the literature of the authors whom he collected, but nonetheless the possession of a book once held in hand by its author, who had then inscribed his name, gave him an immediacy, a feeling that he had met the author himself. For almost all of the New England authors whom he collected, the association copy was the closest he could get to the author; but in the case of Robert Frost, there was a living poet not very far away and, one day in the late nineteen fifties, Mr. Frost was invited to Sunday luncheon in Needham. At that time, Frost was almost at the crest of his fame and popularity; Mr. Howe had been collecting his books for many years, had often corresponded with him, and had a very complete collection of the works, and most of the ephemera as well. The usual Sunday luncheon, as practiced by Mr. and Mrs. Howe, was a considerable event which included not only children but numerous grandchildren. Matters would begin with the insidious Howe cocktail, shaken up in a large silver milk pitcher (a trophy awarded to Henry S. Howe in his days as an eminent breeder of dairy herds). Luncheon was of formidable size; while the patriarch carved the roast of beef, a succession of enticing dishes were passed until all the plates were full to the brim. Afterwards, the ladies retired to the living room and the gentle

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AT HOME 2 1 men, in the book-lined den, sipped coffee and lit up excellent cigars. What Robert Frost made of all this, I cannot say, except that he was gracious, affable, and voluble. I wish I could report that I had written down every word uttered by the poet, but I cannot; I do vividly remember Frost's often unusual choice of words and the cadences of his speech, so markedly different from ordinary small talk. The whole event was memorable in every way, and the host remarked that night that it was the high spot in his love affair with books. As time rolled on into the nineteen sixties, Parkman Howe had to face a problem which eventually besets all collectors: what to do with the collection after he has gone. Although he had been a member of the Overseer's Visiting Committee to the Harvard University Library, he felt that he would not leave his books to Harvard; as he told me, "Harvard already has most of what I have, and perhaps some college far from New England, which has not widely collected New England authors, would be more interested." His decision, finally, was to leave the entire collection to his children in his will. The four children in turn had to decide: would the large collection be divided into four collections, with each author's work kept intact, to be treasured by succeeding generations? Or were the books to be sold separately over a period of time for a new generation of collectors? Or should the collection be kept intact and made available to an institution which could care for it? There was, as can be imagined, considerable discussion, but with three generations' vivid memories of book collecting, a strong undercurrent developed towards keeping the collection intact. When the University of Florida evinced a strong interest, Sidney made an excellent presentation of its real need for the Howe Library, of its concern for the careful conservation of the books, and of the scholarly use to which the books would be put. A final decision was soon reached, and the heirs unanimously accepted the proposal by the University of Florida, where the Howe collection has now found a good home, not only to be treasured but also to be well utilized; and now, many, many others may share the inspiration and enjoyment which were those of Parkman Dexter Howe. CHARLES A. RHEAULT, JR.

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AFIELD P ARKMAN D. HO WE was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, in 1889, of old Essex County stock. A grandfather, Nathaniel Saltonstall Howe, and John Greenleaf Whittier were schoolmates at the Haverhill Academy. His father, Henry Saltonstall Howe, was active for many years in the textile industry and was a bibliophile. After graduating from Harvard in 19 1 1, the son followed his father into the textile business, in which he continued until his retirement in 1946. The P. D. Howe collection was forty years in the making. For the first thirty of those years it was limited to books and manuscripts of the more important New England authors, mainly of the nineteenth century. In 1963 Mr. Howe was able to write that "with a very few exceptions [I] have all of the first book editions of the principal authors of my period." Having reached this happy state of satiety, he began to collect the earlier New England writers. The bulk of the collection, then, is in the writers of the nineteenth century. It follows, with minor variations, the pattern ofits predecessors, those of J. C. Chamberlain, Stephen H. Wakeman, W. T. H. Howe (no relation), and Carroll A. Wilson. The influence of Wakeman and Wilson is particularly evident. Having begun buying books in a small way in 193 1, Mr. Howe commenced collecting seriously in the last quarter of 1932. He had recently come into his inheritance, and opportunities for the collector were many. The Wakeman collection had been dispersed, W. T. H. Howe was becoming inactive, Wilson's buying was curtailed as a result of the stock

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AFIELD 23 market crash, and Waller Barrett was yet to appear on the scene. Family libraries were still being broken up in Boston's Back Bay. Segments of James Russell Lowell's library, rich, of course, in association copies, were coming on the market. Valuable remnants of the Wakeman collection were still in the hands of dealers like P. K. Foley, C. E. Goodspeed, and Lathrop C. Harper. And with the depressed state of the economy, there was little serious competition among collectors. In addition to the classic New Englanders-Bryant, Emerson, Hawthorne, 0. W. Holmes, Longfellow, Lowell, Thoreau, and Whittierthe Howe collection takes in a baker's dozen more: Henry Adams, Louisa May Alcott, T. B. Aldrich, R. H. Dana, Jr., Harriet Beecher Stowe, Emily Dickinson, Mary Baker Eddy, Robert Frost, Herman Melville, Edna St. Vincent Millay, and E. A. Robinson. Later on a few more contemporary New England writers, his friend David McCord, and his classmate Conrad Aiken, to name but two, were added. I have remarked on the extent to which the example of the Wakeman and Wilson collections is reflected in Mr. Howe's library. Three years Howe's senior, Wilson had begun as a collector in 1925 and thus had half a dozen years' start on his younger rival. It was Wilson's nature to cultivate the companionship of like-minded bibliophiles, and in the case of Howe, this developed into friendship, to the extent that in his will Wilson made a bequest: "To my friend Parkman D. Howe . . . with whom for so many years I have enjoyed friendly competition in the collection of American literature, such five items as . . . he may select from my Whittier collection. . . ." The Howe collection was thus enriched with five pieces of outstanding rarity: the broadside first printing of The Quakers Are Out, The Song of the Yermonters broadside of 1843, the presentation copy of Snowbound in white cloth (only one other in this binding is recorded), The Pennsylvania Hall Address on thick paper, and the copy of Prentice's Lzjre of Henry Clay inscribed by Whittier to his uncle, with evidence of the extent to which he was a collaborator in what was in a sense his first book. These were, indeed, but frosting on the cake. Perhaps partly because of earlier family associations with Whittier, that Quaker poet was one of Mr. Howe's major enthusiasms, and, even without the Wilson bequest,

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24 PARKMAN DEXTER HOW-E LIBRARY this collection would have been preeminent. Inscribed copies of Justice and Expediency to his cousin Daniel, and Moll Pitcher to his schoolmate Harriet Minot, are but two sensational examples of the treasures which go to make up the eighty-odd pages in Mr. Howe's Whittier catalogue. The Holmes collection was also strengthened by acquisitions from the Wilson estate. It had been Wilson's hope that his great collection of the poet-physician might be kept together in the library of Williams College, his alma mater, but the trustees of that institution found themselves unable to comply with the terms laid out in the will, and the collection was sold. From it Mr. Howe was able to add an impressive total of sixty-three items which had previously eluded him. Some of these were unique, and all were of very great rarity. Among them were Holmes's first book, Illustrations of the Athenaeum Gallery of Paintings, the complete file in parts of The Collegian, including the original separate issue of Part IV (there is no other known), the only complete file known of The Amateur, 1830, containing the first printing of fifteen pieces by Holmes; one of two recorded copies of the first issue of the Fourth of July Oration and of the poem for the dedication of the new Boston city library ( 1888). The other copy of this last is properly entombed in the cornerstone of the Boston Public Library, where, one may assume, it is likely to remain for some time. In all, the Holmes section contains nine pieces which appear to be unique. In a way the Emerson collection is the most impressive in the library, including as it does both issues of The Letter to the Second Church and Society, marking Emerson's break with organized religion. We have here both forms in which this historic document appeared: the pamphlet (one of six known) and the large broadside printed on satin. And perhaps most important, the little leaflet of Emerson's "Concord Hymn." This last, the first printing of the famous lines "By the rude bridge that arched the flood," was handed out to the crowd gathered for the dedication of the monument at the North Bridge in Concord on the Fourth of July, 1837. Young Henry Thoreau was one of the choir participating in the ceremonies. Robert Frost used to say that this was the finest example of so-called occasional verse in the language, but Emerson's fellow townsmen on hand for the occasion were insufficiently impressed with the hymn

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AFIELD 2 5 to preserve its original printing in any great quantity. Only three other copies are known to survive. The Emerson collection is especially rich in presentation copies, of which there are sixteen. The Phi Beta Kappa Oration of 1837 and the Divinity College Address of 1838 are inscribed to Elizabeth Hoar, the Poems of 1847 and Society and Solitude to James Russell Lowell, The Conduct of Lge, as well as a second copy of the Poems, were gifts to his farmer friend Edmund Hosmer. The Emersons include even the pocketsized second edition of Whitman's Leaves of Grass flaunting on its spine the famous words "I greet you at the beginning of a great career. R. W. Emerson," surely the most conspicuous blurb in the annals ofpublishing. The other author collections are hardly less remarkable. Mention may be made of Henry Adams's Memoirs of Marau Taaroa, 1893 (the only other copies are at Harvard and the Massachusetts Historical Society), with the queen's own ink corrections of the spelling of Tahitian names; Melville's John Marr, I 888, and Timoleon, 189 I, each one of twenty-five copies; the first issue of Longfellow's Evangeline in the original boards; and the unique copy of the preliminary issue of the same author's first book, Outre-Mer. The roster of authors' first books is substantially complete. In addition to those I have mentioned, we have Bryant's Embargo, 1808, published in his fourteenth year; Dana's Two Years Before the Mast, a presentation copy to the physician under whose prescription the famous voyage was undertaken; and Robinson's Torrent and the Night Before. The only known copy of Frost's first book, Twil&ht, is at Charlottesville, but the rest of Frost's first editions are present, together with a very large collection of periodical appearances of his poems. There are many presentation copies, a number of them inscribed by the poet to Mr. Howe himself. The Order of Exercises for the Forty-First Anniversary of the Lawrence High School July lst, 1892 contains the Class Hymn by Robert Frost. The Howe collection includes the copy of this leaflet preserved for many years by Frost's high school classmate Harriet Carter. When another copy appeared (we know of only five in all) it also was acquired by Mr. Howe, who generously gave it to the Houghton Library at Harvard.

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26 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Wary of getting too deep in the collecting of manuscripts, Mr. Howe limited himself to not more than one holograph of each author. Within that limit, however, he was properly choosy, and the library is adorned with such jewels as Hawthorne's Celestial Railroad, Lowell's The Courtin', Holmes's Parson Turell's Legacy (a bit from the Autocrat of the Breakfast Table), and the commencement part read by Thoreau at Harvard in 1837. This essay, on The Commercial Spirit of Modern Times Considered in Its Inzuence on the Political, Moral and Literary Character of a Nation, deals with the subject in a predictably negative way. And appropriately enough, the youthful prodigy William Cullen Bryant is represented by a "Poem Composed by a Lad of Twelve Years Old." Some mention must be made of the collection of Mary Baker Eddy's Science and Health, formed to show the evolution of the text of that enormously influential treatise. Its cornerstone is the copy of the first edition of 1875, inscribed by Mrs. Eddy to her son, and it includes twenty-three subsequent editions, three of them inscribed. By the late forties most of the gaps in the collection were filled and little new material was turning up. Coincidentally, Mr. Howe retired from business at that time, devoting much of the next decade and a half to the service of the Children's Hospital in Boston. His urge to collect, however, continued unabated and he now turned his attention to the New England writers of an earlier era. His first venture back into the seventeenth century was a singularly happy one, when he bought Anne Bradstreet's Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America, or Several1 Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning, London, 1650. In acquiring this copy Mr. Howe obtained for his collection at once the earliest collection of secular poetry written in this country and the first published literary efforts of any American woman. It is, possibly, the most important book in his collection. The previous history of this copy may be worth recounting. Its earliest known owner was Sir Mark Masterman Sykes ( I 77 1-1 823), whose collection was sold by auction in the year following his death. It was next acquired (probably at the same auction) by William Henry Miller, founder of the Christie-Miller collection at Britwell Court. In March of 1924 the Bradstreet book, with others from Britwell Court, was sold at

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THE BOOK COLLECTOR AFIELD 27 Sotheby's. The buyer must have returned it (or it may have been bought in), for it reappeared three years later in a sale of "valuable books unsold or returned as imperfect at the Sales of the Britwell Court Library," where, despite minor imperfections, it is described as "A VERY FINE COPY." It was there bought by Quaritch, acting for Sir Leicester Harmsworth. After Sir Leicester's death his library in turn was sold at Sotheby's over a term of years. The Tenth Muse duly appeared in the sale rooms on 21 February 19%9. It was bought by Henry Stevens for Goodspeed's Book Shop who sold it to Mr. Howe a month later. A second collection of Mrs. Bradstreet's poems was printed in Boston, in 1678. It contains poems not previously printed, and as a rare product of the colonial press, it is highly prized by collectors. Ernest J. Wessen, a well-known bookseller in Mansfield, Ohio, found a fine copy of it in 1958 and sold it to the Boston bookseller from whom Mr. Howe got it on New Year's Eve. When he turned to the seventeenth century, Mr. Howe became more of a high spot collector. He commenced by making up a list of what he considered the most significant books ofcolonial New England and based his collection on it. We must not speak lightly of any collection which includes the two Bradstreets, Mourt's Relation of 1622, a large-paper copy of Mather's Magnalia, with the errata (the only part of that famous book to be printed in this country), Wood's New Englands Prospect, 1634, Roger Williams's Indian Grammar, 1643, and other great rarities described by Roger Stoddard. Our collector was a generous patron of booksellers in New York and Boston. One thinks particularly of P. K. Foley in Boston and John Knox and David Randall in New York, to name but three, but he was not dependent on them. Some of his great treasures were secured by direct treaty with private owners. He has told how he pursued Whittier's Sycamores from Nantucket Island to Manhattan to Atlanta, before running it to earth in Seattle. The best of the Henry Adams books came through his membership in the Massachusetts Historical Society. His close relationship through the years with the Harvard Library gave access to rarities by Emerson; and social connections with prominent fam

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2 8 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ilies in Boston made bits and pieces out of Beacon Street and Commonwealth Avenue attics available to him. The collecting instinct ran deep. He has said of his father, "I don't know what his first purchase was, but I well remember the last." I can say the same of the son. His last was a presentation copy of Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales inscribed by the author to Senator Rue1 Williams of Maine. The senator was a family connection of Horatio Bridge, Hawthorne's friend and Bowdoin classmate who helped finance publication of the Tales. It was a fitting capstone. It was fifty years ago that I first met Parkie Howe, and from then on I was intimately involved in the building ofhis library. As time went on, I became privileged to count him among my friends. He was a genial companion, whose sunny countenance and gentle humor made every visit with him a happy experience. He was one of the most uncomplicated people I have ever known. And over all the years I cannot recall a single instance when there was any trace of difference or misunderstanding between us. I shall always remember him with the deepest affection. They don't make many like him. GEORGE T. GOODSPEED

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MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS I SU P P 0 SE a collector begins for any one of a thousand reasons, and each probably thinks his own is the best. I know that I do, for I inherited the disease from my father. He started his book collection while a Harvard freshman in 1864, and often went without lunches to buy a book which struck his fancy. I don't know what his first purchase was, but I well remember the last. He had collected at least one book from the library of each President of the United States with the exception of William Henry Harrison. Harrison's house with all his belongings had burned to the ground a short time before his death, and the search seemed almost hopeless. But one day he received a letter from a lady living in California saying that she had heard of his collection from the widow of President Benjamin Harrison and would like to sell a book given to her grandfather by William Henry, containing a statement in Harrison's hand that it had come from his library. My father immediately wrote to her that he would take it. The book arrived at his house two days after his death. This collection, with other of his books, is now in the Houghton Library at Harvard University. During his later years my father told me much about his collecting experiences, but most important to me were his anecdotes about New England authors of the 19th century, many of whom he had known (he was closest to John G. Whittier, who had been his father's classmate at Haverhill Academy in Haverhill, Massachusetts). This is why I started to collect the important authors in that field. With great good luck, I began in 1932 when times were not good and

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30 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY -people were selling books they had cherished for many years. Mr. Charles E. Goodspeed was still active, Mr. P. K. Foley was just retiring, and the younger men-Mr. George T. Goodspeed, Mr. John S. Van E. Kohn, and Mr. David A. Randall-were coming along fast. My chief competitor was Mr. Carroll A. Wilson, who had a ten-year head start, but it was easy to begin with the commoner books of the writers I was after. Early in the game, I was confronted with letters and manuscripts, and had to decide whether to collect books or autographs. I felt that each was a full-time job-to say nothing about the financial side-so I determined to be content with books. Later I amended this policy by trying to get one manuscript of each author. Inevitably a better one would come along, and I would fall for that too, promising to dispose of the first one later on. This worked in some cases, and in others I just haven't got around to it. So far as letters are concerned, I have stuck fairly well to my guns. I have now been collecting for some thirty years and with a very few exceptions have all the first book editions of the principal authors of my period. Of course many leaflets and pamphlets containing first printings are missing. Some are known by but one copy, locked up forever in an institution. This is a problem, but the almost-impossible has happened once in a while. One acquisition I like to remember is The Sycamores (Nantucket, 185?), by Whittier. The ballad tells of an Irishman, Hugh Tallant, who was the first immigrant of his nationality in Haverhill (Whittier refers to him as "the rustic Irish gleeman"). Shortly after his arrival in the early 1700's, he planted a number of Sycamore trees along the Merrimack River. These prospered, and some of them were pointed out to me when I was visiting relatives there in the early 1900's. The poem first appeared in the 1 1 June 1857 number of the National Era, a weekly newspaper published in Washington, D.C. It was seen by Miss Caroline L. Tallant, a schoolteacher in Hartford, Connecticut, who had migrated from Nantucket and was one of Hugh's descendants. She asked Whittier's permission to have a few copies printed for friends and relatives and he agreed. Miss Tallant was planning to visit her relatives in Nantucket on

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MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS 31 THE SYCAMORES. B T JOHN G. WHITTIER. N'ANTUCKET: 1857. Thanksgiving Day, and she set about having twelve copies printed. The result was a frail little book in wrappers, measuring 3" by 2%". It is in fact so frail that it is amazing that four copies of this first book printing are still extant. So much for the book itself. Now let us turn to the chase. The first copy that I saw was in the library of the Nantucket Historical Society, where it was greatly prized. I inquired about the Tallant family and discovered that the last member had left the island a few years earlier. I continued my search wherever there seemed to be a chance of success. Finally I heard of an architect named Hugh Tallant living in New York City. Could he be a descendant of the immigrant? On my next trip there I got his address from the city directory. Arriving in a taxi, I found that he had departed ten days before, leaving no forwarding address. After further search, I discovered that he had moved to Atlanta, Georgia. I wrote to him describing the book, listing its few recorded sale prices, and saying what I would give for a copy in good condition. He answered that while he knew of it, he did not own a copy. He added, however, that he had forwarded my letter to his sister on the West Coast, who might have one. After what seemed an interminable time, I had a letter from Dr. Alice W. Tallant of Seattle, Washington, announcing that she had a copy of the book, would accept my offer, and was sending it on to me. The book arrived and to my great delight proved in excellent condition. Another time I was in my favorite haunt, Goodspeed's Book Shop, passing the time of day with George T. Goodspeed, when a man came in with books to sell. Mr. Goodspeed excused himselfand asked me to wait. On his return he showed me a copy of the so-called second issue of the first edition of Longfellow's Outre-Mer: A Pilgrimage Beyond the Sea,

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32 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY No. I (Boston, 1833), which he had bought. I had a copy of what was then considered the first issue, and he persuaded me that I really needed the second also. A year or so later one of my collector friends asked to see my copies of Outre-Mer. I handed him the "first issue" from the shelves. While he was looking it over I took down the "second issue," and discovered to my amazement that the publisher's name, Hilliard, Gray, & Co., was missing from the front wrapper, the title-page, and the copyright notice. Later I found some minor textual differences. The explanation is found in Mr. Lawrance Thompson's book Young Longfellow. It seems that Longfellow, in his youthful enthusiasm, had five hundred copies printed in Brunswick, Maine, before he had found a publisher. With the help of Griffin, the printer, he got Hilliard, Gray to publish it and their name was filled in at the required places. But at least one copy went astray without the imprint, and it seems likely that I inadvertently acquired the very copy Griffin took to Boston to inveigle a publisher. On one of my frequent trips to New York during the 1930 depression years, I had lunch with a book collecting friend who specialized in Whittier. He mentioned having called on Mrs. J. Chester Chamberlain, widow of the great collector of New England authors whose books were sold by the Anderson Auction Company in 1900. He said she had purchased a number of her husband's books at the sale and was considering selling them. Immediately after lunch I telephoned her and was invited to her apartment. Mrs. Chamberlain showed me with understandable pride her copy of Longfellow's The New England Tragedy (Boston, 1860). She explained that this had been her husband's favorite book, and she could not bear to see it sold. She, therefore, bid it in at the sale. I left with it tucked under my arm. The book was the prose forerunner of the first part of The New England Tragedies (Boston, 1868). In his journal Longfellow wrote: "Mch. 14,1859. Fields came out and I read him two acts of Wenlocli Christison, with which I do not think he was much struck." Only two copies are known, this and one in the Longfellow collection in the Houghton Library.

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MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS 33 But not all my collecting turned out so well. Once when I was still a novice I had an urgent call from a Boston dealer. I dropped everything and went to his shop where he showed me about twenty first editions of Emerson, each inscribed to his next-door neighbor and close friend, Edmund Hosmer. I had ordinary copies of them all, but I picked out two of the cheapest for their association interest. The dealer urged me to reconsider and include the Essays (Boston, 1841) and Essays: Second Series (Boston, 1844). In my innocence I told him that the price was much too high. He sold these two within the hour to somebody else who put them up for sale at the Parke-Bernet Galleries, where they fetched twelve times the price at which they had been offered to me. However, I profited from this experience a few years later when descendants of James Russell Lowell decided to dispose of part of his library. I was given the first opportunity at them, and was able to get several most interesting association copies. Among them are three first editions of T. B. Aldrich containing presentation inscriptions to Lowell. The Story of a Bad Boy (Boston, 1870) is inscribed "A very humble little book for Mr. Lowell" and is a particular favorite ofmine. Other inscribed presentation copies are three from Ralph Waldo Emerson, three from Oliver Wendell Holmes, and two from Henry W. Longfellow. One of the Longfellow books is the privately printed edition of twelve copies of his translation of Dante. The three volumes were published in 1865, 1866, and 1867, and each is inscribed to Lowell. In addition to these I got the Quinti Horatii Flacci Opera (Boston, 1833), which is quite evidentIy a text book used by Lowell at Harvard. The fly-leaves and margins are completely covered with notes, remarks, and sketches. Then, of a slightly later period, The Poetical Works ofPercy Bysshe Shelley (London, 1839) ; The Complete Poetical Works of William Wordsworth (Philadelphia, 1837) ; The Complete Poems of William Shakespeare (London Cn.d.3) ; and The Seraphim, and Other Poems, by Elizabeth B. Barrett (London, 1838), all with many notes and poems written to or about his future wife, Maria White, on the margins and fly-leaves. I particularly like his Homer (Basle, 1551 ). In a letter of 13 June 1840 (see H. E. Scudder's James Russell Lowell, .A Biography, Boston, 1901, vol. I, pp. 77-78), to his friend and Harvard classmate George B. Loring, he mentions Maria

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34 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY White, whom he had visited in Watertown the day before, and goes on to say: "On the mantel is a moss rose she gave me and which when it withers I shall enshrine in my Homer." The moss rose is still enshrined "in my Homer," but now in my library. One of the rarities I was especially lucky to find is a copy of William Cullen Bryant's The Embargo, or Sketches of the Times: A Satire. By a Youth of Thirteen (Boston, 1808). So far as I know, this is the only copy now in private hands. Another is Emerson's Letter from the Rev. R. T. Emerson, to the Second Church and Society (Boston [I 8323), in both variants. One is an eight-page leaflet, self-wrappered, and the other a broadside measuring 18%" by la", printed on satin within an ornamental border. Both were printed by I. R. Butts of Boston. Yet another is the first printing, after that in the Atlantic Monthly (October 1863)~ of Whittier's Barbara Frietchie. Apparently only two copies of this fourpage pamphlet were printed-if the imprint means what it says: "Published at the Book Rooms, 200 Mulberry-street, N.Y. Fifth Series. No. 14. Two Copies." My primary collecting interest has been in association copies, and I list below some unusual ones. Little by little I have garnered all the privately-printed Henry Adams books. The one that appeals to me most is Memoirs ofMarau Taaroa Last Queen of Tahiti ( Cn.p.3 1893). Having printed them "ultrissimo-privately," Adams sent the copies to her for correction. There were probably ten copies in all, of which I have located five in the United States. My copy has her corrections in the margins. Whether any copies are still in Tahiti is anybody's guess. In my Richard H. Dana, Jr., collection is the first issue of Two Years Before the Mast (New York, 1840), presented to Dr. G. C. Shattuck, the family physician, who prescribed a long sea trip for Dana's illness. There is also a copy of the first English (Moxon) edition presented to Miss Sarah Watson, his fiande, and a copy of the second American edition (Boston, 1869), presented to Mrs. Sarah Watson Dana, his wife. Another of my great favorites is the first edition of Science and Health (Boston, 1875), presented by Mary Baker Glover to her son George W. Glover, whom she had not seen or heard of for many years. Accompany

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MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS 3 5 ing this are presentation copies of the second and sixth editions to two of Mrs. Eddy's early followers. Among the Emerson books are copies of An Oration Delivered Before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Cambridge, August 31, 1837; An Address Delivered Before the Senior Class in Divinity College, Cambridge, Sunday Evening, 15 July, 1838; and Nature: Addresses, and Lectures (Boston, 1849)-all presented to his late brother's fiancbe, Miss Elizabeth Hoar. I have the first English edition of Transformation. Or, the Romance of Monte Beni (London, 1860), inscribed "William D. Ticknor from his friend Nath' Hawthorne" in Vol. I and with similar inscriptions in Vols. I1 and 111. These are apparently the proof sheets sent by Hawthorne from England for simultaneous American publication as The Marble Faun, and bound in Boston by the recipient. In the Holmes section is a copy of Songs in Many Keys (Boston, 1862), the dedication of which reads: "To the most indulgent of readers, the kindest of critics, My Beloved Mother, all that is least unworthy ofher in this volume is dedicated, by her affectionate son." The copy is inscribed "Mother from OWH." The inscription in Longfellow's first book of poems, Yoices of the Night (Cambridge, 1839), reads: "To my mother, with my most affectionate remembrance, December 8,1839." With this is one of four known copies of The Hanging of the Crane (Boston, 1874), original sheets, unstitched, as issued, uncut, in the original wrappers, inscribed to Longfellow's wife's half-brother, W. S. Appleton. My copy of Uncle Tom's Cabin: or, Life Among the Lowly (Boston and Cleveland, 1852) is inscribed "Dr. Hitchcock from his friend the author." Dr. Roswell Dwight Hitchcock succeeded Mrs. Stowe's husband as Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion at Bowdoin College in 1852. I know of but one other presentation copy of this book. Of my two copies of A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (Boston and Cambridge, 1849) one was Thoreau's own and the other is inscribed: "To the 'Unknown' (but guessed at) Critic of the Harvard Magazine, from the Author, Jan. 15th 1855." The recipient, E. Morton, has written underneath "Sent me by Mr. Thoreau in consequence of a screed in The Harv. Mag. for Dec. 54."

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36 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Among the Whittier books is Moll Pitcher, a Poem (Boston, 1832). It is the only presentation copy I have heard of, and is inscribed "Miss H. Minot, from the author." Miss Harriet Minot was a classmate of Whittier's at Haverhill Academy, and remained a close friend for many years. Whittier published the book anonymously, and it was a long time before he would acknowledge it. Accompanying the book is a letter from him to Miss Eliza Page, a friend of his and of Miss Minot's, vehemently denying his authorship. My copy of the Biography of Henry Clay, by G. D. Prentice (Hartford, 183 1 ), is inscribed: "Jos. E. Hussey, from his nephew John G. Whittier, 1 lth of 8th Mo. 1832." It was this copy which confirmed the suspicion that Whittier wrote a substantial part of the book (see T. F. Currier's A Bibliography of John Greenleaf Fbittier, Cambridge, 1937, pp. 12-16). In 1835 Whittier and the English abolitionist George Thompson were mobbed in Concord, New Hampshire, and took shelter in the house of his old friend George Kent. My copy of Mogg Megone, A Poem (Boston, 1836) is inscribed to Kent. The book is scarce even without association, since Whittier attempted to suppress it. When I had acquired first editions of most of the books of my chosen authors, my collecting slowed almost to a standstill, and after taking thought I decided to branch into some ofthe earlier New England writers. I spent a good deal of time studying them and prepared a list of their outstanding works. While my books in this field are small in number, I have been able to get some of the important ones. Two are Anne Bradstreet's The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America (London, 1650) and the much rarer first American edition, Several Poems Compiled with Great Yariety of Fit and Learning (Boston, 1678) containing a number of poems not in the English edition. The authoress came with the Puritans to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and her book was the first collection of verse written in America. Among her descendants were Richard H. Dana, Wendell Phillips, and Oliver Wendell Holmes. Another desirable book is Cotton Mather's Magnalia Christi Americana: or, the Ecclesiastical History of New-England (London, 1702). Mine is a large-paper copy with the Boston "errata" laid in. In addition to his fame as preacher and author, Mather is remembered for his part in

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MY NEW ENGLAND AUTHORS 3 7 the persecution of the Salem witches, and as a result of his perseverance my seven-times-great-grandmother went to the gallows. That he had one of the largest collections of scientific books in America, numbering some four thousand volumes, is of interest to bookmen. In addition to the excitement of the chase and the pleasure of handling good books, there is a more rewarding side of the book game in the associations and friendships one makes. As I look back, the late Carroll A. Wilson comes first to my mind. He was my mentor, guide, and friend for many years. He taught me much about collecting in general and the New England authors in particular, and I could always call on him for any information I needed. To cap his kindnesses, he left me by his will the choice of any five of his Whittier books. I shall always have a very deep feeling for him. Mr. C. Waller Barrett, who has brought together that wonderful collection of American literature at the University of Virginia, is another great collector whom I have been privileged to know. Once when he heard that his order for a Bryant first edition I needed very badly had arrived an hour before mine, he gallantly stepped aside in my favor. Not all collectors are so gracious. My association with the bibliographical fraternity has been of great value. My first contact was with the late T. Franklin Currier, Associate Librarian of Harvard College, while he was working on his Whittier bibliography. We spent many happy days checking and re-checking Whittier first editions. When he started on a Holmes bibliography, I again worked with him and, after his death, with Miss Eleanor M. Tilton, who finished the bibliography. My pleasure is continuing in my association with Mr. Jacob Blanck, who is now in the midst of his monumental Bibliography of American Literature. Various organizations to which I have belonged have given added zest to my collecting. They include the American Antiquarian Society, the Boston Athenaeum, the Massachusetts Historical Society, and the Visiting Committee to the Harvard Library, all possessing priceless and irreplaceable books, manuscripts, and memorabilia. The directors, the librarians, and the staffs of each have been an inspiration, a source of expert knowledge, and a pleasure to me. In a lighter vein, the Club of

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38 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Odd Volumes has furnished much enjoyment to me as one of the Boston fraternity of collectors. These last thirty years have been full of wonderful experiences, and I hope for a continuation of my Odyssey for a while. PARKMAN D. HOWE -reprinted from "Contemporary Collectors XXXVI: New England Authors," in The Book Collector, Winter 1963.

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A DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE OF THE EARLY NEW ENGLAND BOOKS by ROGER E. STODDARD

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FOREWORD u N I QUE among collectors of New England authors, Parkman D. Howe sought the roots of his beloved nineteenth-century heroes and heroines in the published journals and first-hand narratives by New Englanders of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. To such classic Americana, he had begun to add novels and poems of the Federal period, as well as the school books that educated the authors of the first flowering of New England literature. These Yankee incunabula require a bibliographical program somewhat different from the balance of the collection. Subsequent catalogues will identify more succinctly the rich resources of each author collection by reference to the full bibliographical descriptions published in the Bibliography of American Literature and in other reliable references. For the early New England books some twenty bibliographies have been brought into play so that Howe copies could be verified against their signature and paginary collations. Even so, there are some books for which no reliable collations could be found. For these, collations are provided here, together with the height of the leaf to the nearest tenth of a centimeter. In the short titles, internal omissions are represented by three dots. The early New England books are so &verse in content and their titles so obscure that comments have been added. Books are arranged alphabetically by author, then by imprint date, and they are followed by an index of provenances and of authors and titles. I am indebted to John Alden for identifying some of the little-known early owners who left only their signatures in the books and to John Cushing and Peter Drummy of the Massachusetts Historical Society who were able to shed new light on items 32 and 58. ROGER E. STODDARD

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KEY TO BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CITATIONS BAL Jacob Blanck. Bibliography of American Literature. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1955. V. 1-7. Campbell John F. Campbell. History and Bibliography of the NEW AMERICAN PRACTICAL NAVIGATOR and the AMERICAN COAST PILOT. Salem, Mass., Peabody Museum, 1964. Church George Watson Cole. A Catalogue of Books Relating to the Discovery and Early History of North and South America, Forming a Part of the Library of E. D. Church [i~sz-isse]. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1907. 5 v. Grolier Club One Hundred Injuential American Books Printed Before 1900; Catalogue and Addresses. New York, The Grolier Club, 1947. Holmes, Cotton Matber Thomas J. Holmes. Cotton Mather: A Bibliography of His Works. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1940. 3 v. Holmes, Increase Matber Thomas J. Holmes. Increase Mather: A Bibliography of His Works. Cleveland, 193 1. 2 v. Holmes, Minor Matbers Thomas J. Holmes. The Minor Mathers: A List of Their Works. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1940.

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BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CITATIONS 43 Hunt Rachel McMasters (Miller) Hunt. Catalogue of Botanical Books in the Collection of Rachel McMasters Hunt. Pittsburgh, Hunt Botanical Library, 1958-1961. 2 v. in 3. Karpinski Louis Charles Karpinski. Bibliography of Mathematical Works Printed in America before 1850. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1940. Sabin Joseph Sabin. Bibliotheca Americana. A Dictionary of Books Relating to America, from Its Discovery to the Present Time. New York, 1868-1936. 29 V. Skeel-Carpenter Emily Ellsworth Ford Skeel. A Bibliography of the Writings of Noah Webster. Edited by Edwin H. Carpenter, Jr. New York, New York Public Library, 1958. STC Alfred W. Pollard and Gilbert R. Redgrave. A Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland, Ireland and of English Books Printed Abroad 1475-1640. London, The Bibliographical Society, 1996. STC (2) Same. Second Edition, Revised Enlarged. Begun by W. A. Jackson G' F. S. Ferguson. Completed by Katharine F, Pantxer. London, The Bibliographical Society, 1976. V. 2, 1-2. Tuttle Julius H. Tuttle. "Writings of Rev. John Cotton." In Bibliographical Essays; A Tribute to I;Ylbmforce Eames. CCambridge, Harvard University Press] 1924, pp. [363]-380. Vail R. W. G. Vail. "Susanna Haswell Rowson . . . A Bibliographical Study," Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, n.s. 42 (1932), 47-160. Vail, Old Frontier R. W. G. Vail. The Voice of the Old Frontier. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1949.

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44 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Wegelin Oscar Wegelin. Early American Poetry; a Compilation of the Titles of Vblumes of Verse and Broadsides by Writers Born or Residing in North America North of the Mexican Border [I 650-1 8203. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York, Peter Smith, 1930. 2 v. in 1. Wing Donald Wing. Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland, Ireland [etc.) . . . 1641-1 700. New York, Index Society, 1945-195 1. 3 v. Wing (2) Same. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York, Modern Language Association, 1972. V. 1, 9 only. Wolfe Richard J. Wolfe. Secular Music in America, 1801-1 825: A Bibliography. New York, New York Public Library, 1964. 3 v.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND BOOKS JOHN ADAMS, 1735-is26 EN E 1 .A Defence oftbe Constitutions of Government oftbe United States of America. V. 1 : London, 1787; v. 2: London, 1787; v. 3: London, 1788. V. 1: .rrl a-b8 Bs (B1 excised or B1 = TI) C-28 Aa-Bba Cc4; [I], xxxi, [3]392 p. Press figures: vi, 7; xviii, 3; xx, 1; 9, 4; 11, 11; 25, 1; 26, 10; 46, 5; 48, 9; 60, 10; 63, 12; 79, 2; 86, 1; 102, 1; 118, lo; 130, 11; 158, 6; 175, 8; 178,4; 194, 11; 204, 8; 219, 11; 237,5; 255, 3; 256,4; 268, 10; 271, 8; 280, 1; 282, 8; 298, 7; 304, 12; 308, 8; 319, 1; 330, 1; 336, 1; 338,6; 352, 2; 358, 5; 368, 4; 370, 8; 389, 1. V. 2: .rrl 27rl B-28 Aa-Ff8 Gg2; [iii], 45 1 p.; p. 13 1 misprinted 231. Press figures: 6, *; 22, 9; 34, 5; 48,4; 64, 8; 70, 10; 88, 3; 91, 1; 111, 8; 123, *; 128, 5; 139, 7; 150, 6; 162, 6; 190, 1; 198, 7; 221, 1; 223, 7; 234, 1; 236, 3; 250, 10; 258, 10; 274, 10; 302, 10; 320, 3; 330, 1; 336, 7; 351, 10; 363, 7; 394, 6; 414, *; 418, *; 446, *. V. 3: ~1 B-28 Aa-Gg8 ( + 'Gg7') Hh-Nns 002; [i), 528, C.529-5641 p.; p. 137 misprinted 107, 253 not printed. Press figures: 9, 2; 14, *; 18, 1; 32, *; 47, *; 62, 4; 79, 4; 94, 7; 96, *; 106, 7; 122, 4; 130, 3; 158, 7; 171, 4; 182,9; 200, lo; 214, *; 234,2; 254,s; 266, *; 282,2; 288,s; 299, 1; 306, *; 322, 8; 351, 10; 354, 10; 364, 2; 370, 4; 386, 1; 411, 7; 416, 1; 431, 7; 445, 10; 450, [dagger]; 462 [cancel], 7; 479, 8; 490, 1 ; 498, 7; 5 18,4; [538],4; c.5581, 2. 2 1 .a, 21, 2 1 cm. Calf, rebacked, with the signature "Rich H Morris" on title-page of v. 1 and the half-title of v. 2, the signature "Jabez Kimball" on the front endpaper of v. 3, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania reIease stamp, dated 1964, on the paste-down back endpapers of v. 1 and 2; another copy of v. 1, not collated, is bound in original blue-gray boards, paper spine, printed label; 22.6 cm. This is the 8vp edition; also printed in lemo. Written while Adams was in

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46 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY London as Minister to the Court of St. James's, the work sets forth Adams's views on the principles of Government, taking as its text Turgot's "Lettre . . . au docteur Price sur les legislations amQicaines," first printed in Mirabeau's Considei.ations sur I'ordre de Cineinnatus, 1784. The Defence is in the form of letters addressed to William Stephens Smith, the Revolutionary leader, who in 1786, when secretary to Adams, married his daughter Abigail Amelia. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, 1767-1848 ENE 2 The Jubilee of the Constitution. A Discourse Delivered at the Request ofthe New York Historical Society . . . on Tuesday, the 30th of April 1839; Being the Fzjrtietb Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington. New York, 1839. BAL 161411, wanting the half-title and printed tan wrappers. Modern half morocco binding. "The Celebration," pp. Cl2l]-136, includes additional remarks by Adams and the texts of odes written for the occasion by W. C. Bryant, G. Mellen, and W. Cutter. AMERICAN COAST PILOT EN E 3 The American Coast Pilot; Containing the Courses and Distances between the Princ+al Harbours, Capes and Headlands, from Passamaquoddy through the Guyh of Florida . . . with the Latitudes and Longitudes of the Principal Harbours on the Coast. Together with a Tide Table. By Capt. Lawrence Furlong. Corrected and Improved by the Most Experienced Pilots in the United States . . . Second Edition, Largely Improved. Newburyport, 1798. [A] B-U W-X4 Xe2 Y-Z Aa-Ff4; "Take Notice" Cetc.], pasted down as the front endpaper, refers to the matter printed on signature "Xe"; xvi, [173172, CB], C1771-239, C13 p.; p. 142 misprinted 242; 20.5 cm. Campbell 2, with numbering of p. 239 given as 299; Sabin 26219. Original dark calf, double gilt rules across the spine, signature of "Wm. McLellan Jr." on the title-page and paste-down endpaper. The work was reprinted prior to 1867 in 23 editions under the name of its publisher and reviser Edmund M. Blunt. It provides instructions for navigating ports in the United States. Copyright to it was acquired by the Treasury Department in 1867 for $20,000, and in modern revised editions the work has remained in print to the present day as the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey's Atlantic Coast Pilot.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 47 JOEL BARLOW, 1754-18 12 ENE 4 The Yision ofColumbus; a Poem in Nine Books. Hartford, 1787. BAL 865, blank leaf Kk4 excised. Original sheep, decorative gilt rules across spine, red label, edges stained green. The second American epic (the first having been Timothy Dwight's Conquest of Canaan, ENE 24 below), a text that Barlow expanded and revised during most of his life. The list printed at the end shows that 769 subscribers from New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Vermont signed up for 1157 copies. EN E 5 The Yision of Columbus; a Poem in Xine Books . . . The Second Edition. Hartford, 1787. A-Y6; 268, C5J p.; 16.3 cm. Mottled calf, gilt rules across spine, red label, edges stained yellow, with the dated signature "H. Dow. 1790 m/2" on the free front endpaper. A new setting of the text, with a five-page list of subscribers at the end. UF copy. ENE 6 The Hasty-Pudding: a Poem, in Three Cantos [anon.] [New Haven, 17963 BAL 890. Disbound and pasted into blue-gray wrapper, signed on title: "Benjamin. [and in another hand] Woolsey Dwight." B. W. Dwight ( 17801850)~ Yale 1799, was the son of President Timothy Dwight of Yale. The presumed first separate edition of the most popular poem of its day, printed in twenty chapbook editions before 182 1. JEREMY BELKNAP, 1744-1798 EN E 7 The Foresters, an American Tale: Being a Sequel to the History of John Bull the Clothier Canon. J Boston, 1792. BAL 929, first state of the frontispiece before revisions including the engraver's name ("Seymour de. Sc."); second state of the footnote on p. 77. Contemporary (publisher's?) sprinkled sheep, gilt rules across spine, red label, edges sprinkled brown; with dated signatures "Christr Toppan's 1792" and "Sarah Thayer 1820" on the title-page. The Hon. Christopher Toppan ( 173518 IS), of Hampton, N.H., was the father of Sarah (b. 1775), wife of the Rev. Nathaniel Thayer. Political allegory, often claimed as a pioneering work of American literature. UF copy.

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48 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ENE 8 The Foresters, an American Tale . . . The Second Edition, Revised and Considerably Enlarged [anon.) Boston, Nov. 1796. BAL 938. A new binding of marbled boards, calf spine. This edition adds a key to the characters satirized and Letters 17 and 18. UF copy. ENE 9 American Biography. V. 1: Boston, 1794; v. 2: Boston, July, 1798. B AL 934,942, thick paper copies, without the leaf announcing Belknap's death that is bound in some copies of v. 2. Untrimmed copies in original blue boards, rebacked, with the typographic bookplate of the "First Church in Sandwich. Dr. Hersey's [i.e., Abner Hersey] Donation." Hersey ( 1721-1787)~ of Barnstable, Mass., was an eccentric but highly regarded physician who in his will divided his estate amongst the several churches of Barnstable County. The first important collection of American historical biography, by the founder of the Massachusetts Historical Society. UF copy. NATHANIEL BOWDITCH, 1773-1838 ENE 10 The New American Practical Navkator ; Being an Epitome of Navigation . . . First Edition. Newburyport, 1802. [A] B-2 Aa-Hh '[A Journal]'-'[B Journal]' '(A) Tab.'-'(K) Tab.'4 '(L) Tab.'6 '(M) Tab.'-'(2) Tab.' '(Aa) Tab.'-'(Rr) Tab.'4; folding engraved frontispiece and engraved plates facing pp. 45, 73, 75, 83, 136, 225, and [seg]; xvi, 17-589, [43 p., [33 p. ads.; NB: pp. 247-532 are not numbered; 21.9 cm. Campbell, 3. Original mottled sheep, double gilt rules across spine, red label, with the inscriptions "John Munro's Book" and "By Roland Bunker Nantucket Presented to Joseph Jenks" on the front endpaper. A variant imprint, Blunt for B. & J. Loring, Boston, not in Karpinski (pp. 142-149). This third revision of J. H. Moore's New Practical Navigator, first published in London, 1772, incorporated so many corrections that Bowditch assumed full responsibility, establishing the standard American navigational manual. "Often termed the greatest book in all the history of navigation, this intellectual achievement of our early culture was indispensable to the maritime and commercial expansion of the nineteenth century"-Grolier Club, 25.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 49 WILLIAM BRADFORD, 1588-1657 ENE 11 History of Plymouth Plantation . . . Now First Printed from the Original Manuscrzpt, for the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston, 1856. 4 d-e 1-594 60-612; xix, [I], 476, [I] p., 3 blank p.; 24.5 cm.; original black cloth, blocked in blind, title gilt on spine. Edited by CharIes Deane. Three issues were printed from the same plates in 1856: the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 4th ser., v. 3; a fifty-copy private edition, so identified in the imprint; and this trade edition on thick paper. Used by Morton, Prince, and Hutchinson, the MS disappeared until 1855 when it was discovered in the Fulharn Palace Library of the Bishop of London, who permitted its publication here. Returned to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1897, the MS was republished in 1898 together with its history and the proceedings of its presentation. ANNE (DUDLEY) BRADSTREET, l612?-1672 ENE 12 The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America. Or Several1 Poems, Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning, Full of Delzght . . . By a Gentlewoman in Those Parts canon.] London, 1650. Church 498, lacking leaf A1 as usual; Wing (2) B4167. The Sir M. M. SykesHeber-Britwell Court-Harmsworth copy, rebound in calf with "MMS' blindstamped on the covers and inscribed "Cat VI R91. M M S Sledmere." on the front paste-down endpaper. The first collection of verse to be published from the New World and the first collection of verse by an Englishwoman since Isabella Whitney's Sweet Nosgay ( 1573; STC [z] 25440). Written in Massachusetts by the daughter of one colonial governor, Thomas Dudley-to whom the volume is dedicatedand wife of another, Simon Bradstreet, this is the cornerstone of New England belles lettres. EN E 13 Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning, Full of Delight. . . by a Gentlewoman in New-England. The Second Edition, Corrected by the Author, and Enlarged by an Addition of Smeral Other Poems Found Amongst Her Papers after Her Death [anon.) Boston, 1678.

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50 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Wegelin 29, p. 117 misprinted 1 1, 160 misprinted 166, and 243 misprinted 234; without the errata leaf (found complete only in a single copy, in the Thomas Prince Library at the Boston Public Library); Wing (2) B4166. Original calf binding over scabbord, double blind rules around the covers and across the spine, decorated roll on the board edges, with the signature "E: Hough" on the title-page and the inscription "Ralph Darwin Boston Sept 21st 1729" on the first (blank) leaf. Among the poems printed here for the first time are Mrs. Bradstreet's elegy for her father, John Norton's elegy for her, and her "Contemplations" on the natural beauty of Massachusetts. WILLIAM HILL BROWN, 1766-1793 EN E 14 The Power $Sympathy: or, The Triumph $Nature. Founded in Truth Canon.] 2 v. Boston, 1789. BAL 1518, but the frontispiece is in an hitherto unlocated preliminary state before the addition of the engraver's signature, the final blank leaf in each volume is absent, and the reading at p. 150, v. 2, is: E T E R LXIV. Modern binding of calf, marbled boards. An epistolary romance, often called the first American novel, formerly attributed to Mrs. Sarah W. Morton, whose tragic family history supplied the plot. CHARLES CHAUNCY, 1705-1787 EN E 15 Seasonable Thoughts on the State $Religion in New-England. Boston, 1743. A b-c B-V W-Z Aa-Ccg Dd4; xxx, 18,424 p.; p. 296 misnumbered 280; 19.5 cm. Original calf, double gilt rules around the sides and across the back, brown label, edges sprinkled red; with the inscription "Benja Pickman's Sepr. 16th 1743:" (a subscriber) on the free front endpaper. Benjamin Pickman ( 17081773) was a wealthy Salem merchant and ship owner, member of the Massachusetts General Court, 1744-1748, and holder of other public offices. Chauncy led the "Old Light" party in New England in opposition to the "Great Awakening," and this work replies to Jonathan Edwards's Some Thoughts Concerning the Present Revival of Religion in New England, 1742. UF copy.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 51 BENJAMIN CHURCH, 1639-17 18 ENE 16 Entertaining Passages Relating to Phil$'s War . . . also of Expeditions More Lately Made against tbe Common Enemy, and Indian Rebels, in the Eastern Parts of New-England . . . By I.C. Boston, 17 16. Church 862. Modern full red morocco, gilt extra, by Rivi6re; inscribed on the free back endpaper " 1903 $nin.ax(bound) ." The Frederic R. Halsey copy, sold by the Huntington Library in 1944. Thomas Church (1674-1746) edited these memoranda of his father, Col. Benjamin Church, who defeated King Philip. Col. Church vouches for his son's accuracy in the preface "To the Reader." BENJAMIN CHURCH, 1734-1776 EN E 17 The Choice: a Poem, afer the Manner of Promfret [sic]. By a young Gentleman Canon.] Boston, 1757. Wegelin 67. Modern half morocco, cloth sides, title-leaf washed. Fashionable verse, on a life of "Natural Reason." EN E 18 The IimesC. J A Poem [anon. 3 [Boston, 17653 WegeIin 7 1, but the title is taken here from p. 113. Modern half morocco, cloth sides, with the bookplate of Matt B. Jones ( 1871-1940), the eminent Boston collector of early New England history. A satire on the Stamp Act. JOHN COTTON, 1585-1652 ENE 19 Gods Promise to His Plantation . . . As It Was Delivered in a Sermon, by Iohn Cotton, B.D. and Preacher of Gods Word in Boston. London, 1630. A4 (A1 excised) B-C4 D2; [vi), 20p.; 17.8 cm. STC 5854.2; Tuttle 1. Modem green morocco. The Britwell Court-Harmsworth copy with ChristieMiller's inscription on the front flyleaf: "C & P W.H.C.M. 12 Oct. 1882. Riviitre-binding ,& 1. 4sI-." Cotton's farewell sermon to the Puritans leaving for America, whither he followed in 1633. Hitherto only a copy in the British Library was known to have this variant imprint which omits reference to the "three Golden Lyons."

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52 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ENE 20 .A Letter of Mr. John Cottons Teacher ofthe Church in Boston, in New-England, to Mr. Williams a Preacher There. Wherein Is Shewed, That Those Ought To Be Received into the Church Who Are Godly, Though They Doe Not See, nor Expressly Bewaile A11 the Pollutions in Church-Fellowship, Ministery, Worship, Government. London, 1643. A-B4; [i], 13, blank page; 18.1 cm. Wing (2) C6441; Tuttle 27. Modern binding of brown half morocco, cloth sides. This work began the printed controversy in which Cotton opposed Roger Williams on the issue of religious freedom. See ENE 21, ENE 22, ENE 76. ENE 21 The Controversie Concerning Liberty of Conscience in Matters of Relkion . . . by Way of Answer to Some Arguments to the Contrary Sent unto Him. London, 1646. A-B4; [i3, 14 p.; 17.6 cm. Wing (2) C6420; Tuttle 43. Modern binding of quarter morocco, cloth sides. A reply to Roger Williams's Scn$tures and Reasons, reprinted on pp. 1-6; Cotton opposes religious tolerance with scriptural theocracy. ENE 22 The Bloudy Tenent, Washed, and Made White in the Bloud of the Lambe . . . Wherein the Great Questions of This Present Time Are Handled, Yix. How Farre Liberty of Conscience Ought To Be Given to Those That Truly Feare God? . . . Whereunto Is Added a Reply to Mr. Williams Answer, to Mr. Cottons Letter. London, 1647. Church 479; Wing (2) C6409; Tuttle 65. Modem red morocco by Rivihre, with the bookplates of Edward N. Crane ( 1902) and the Rev. Roderick Terry, of Newport, R.I. Cotton's strongest statement of the case against tolerance, answering Williams's The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for the Cause of Conscience, 1644. TIMOTHY DWIGHT, 1752-18 17 ENE 23 .A Dissertation on the History, Eloquence, and Poetry of the Bible. Delivered at the Public Commencement, at New-Haven canon.3 New-Haven, 1772. BAL 5034. Stitched, unbound, not seen thus by Blanck; with the signatures of David and Abner Judson on the title-page. Abner (d. 1774?), of Stratford,

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 53 Conn., was father to David ( 1757-1843)~ Yale 1778, who lived in Fairfield, Conn. The first publication of a youthful candidate for the master's degree, who served as president of Yale from 1795 to 18 17. UF copy. EN E 24 The Conquest of Canaan; a Poem, in Eleven Books. Hartford, 1785. BAL 6040, p. 178 misprinted 17, 279 printed upside down, without the errata leaf, but with signature mark L present. Original calf, red label, edges stained yellow, with the signature "Eliphalet W Gilbert" on the free front endpaper. Eliphalet Wheeler Gilbert ( I 793-1 853 ), Union College I 8 13, Presbyterian clergyman, was the first President of Delaware College, today the University of Delaware. Another copy already at Gainesville shows the same misprints, includes the errata leaf, is bound similarly, and is inscribed on the title-page: "G H Atwoods Book Bought at Auction March 19th 1859." The first American epic, heroic couplets comparing Washington with Joshua at Canaan. EN E 25 The Triumph of InJidelity : a Poem [anon. J Cn.p.1 1788. BAL 5041~, but the second recto is signed "a2." Modem cloth. Dedicated to "Mons. de Voltaire" who "opposed truth, religion, and their authors . . . and taught . . . that the chief end of man was, to slander his God, and abuse him forever." EN E 26 GreenJield Hill: a Poem, in Seven Parts. New-York, 1794. BAL 5048. Nineteenth-century half calf, marbled boards, inscribed on the free front endpaper "Mrs Murray with the respects of George Gibbs," perhaps the mineralogist ( 1776-1 833 ) whose geological collection was acquired by Yale in 1825. This lengthy poem, dedicated to Vice-President John Adams, carries the reader through "The Flourishing Village," "The Burning of Fairfield," and "The Destruction of the Pequods" to "The Vision, or Prospect of the Future Happiness of America."

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54 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ENE 27 Travels; in New-England and New-Tork Canon.) V. 1-2: New-Haven, 1821; v. 34: New-Haven, 1822. BAL 5075. Original blue-gray boards, paper spines, printed labels. A thoroughly researched and useful reference, and Dwight's most celebrated prose work. Gift of the Howe Society. JONATHAN EDWARDS, 1703-1 758 ENE 28 .A Careful and Strict Enquiry into the Modern Prevailing Notions of That Freedom of Will, Which Is Supposed to Be Essential to Moral Agency, Vertue and Vice, Reward and Punishment, Praise and Blame. Boston, 1754. A4 aa2 B8 C-Z Aa-Pp4 Qq2; f 13, vi, C43, 294, [I*] p.; without the errata slip pasted over the "Advertisement" on p. [299]; 19.1 cm. Original mottled calf, double rule blind-stamped around the covers, decorated roll blind-stamped beside the hinges; with the signature "J Quincy jun" on the title-page. Josiah Quincy, Jr. ( 1744-1775), Harvard 1763, though a supporter of the patriot cause, in concert with John Adams successfully defended the British officer Captain Preston when he was tried for his part in the Boston Massacre of March 1770. Edwards's most celebrated work and the philosophical basis of Calvinism in America. HANNAH ( WEBSTER) FOSTER, 1769-1 840 ENE 29 The Coquette; or, The History of Elixa Wharton; a Novel; Founded on Fact. By a Lady of Massachusetts. Boston, 1797. A-U W-X6 (blank X6 excised) ; 261, [I] p.; including the half-title; p. 184 misprinted 148; first gathering signed Be on third leaf; 17 cm. Original mottled calf, rebacked, with the bookplate of Jean Hersholt. Albeit generally known as a film star, Danish-born Hersholt (1886-1956) was also an ardent book collector. An immensely popular epistolary novel of domestic tragedy, based on the love affairs of Pierrepont Edwards, Joseph Buckminster, and Elizabeth Whitman. HARVARD UNIVERSITY EN E 30 Pietas et Gratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis apud Novanglos. Boston, 1761 Ci.e., 1762)

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 55 Wegelin 71 1, a copy on ordinary paper, with the errata slip; proper spacing at 24.14 and with the readings "videt haud Georgo" and "Nepotes" at 72.14 and 15. Modern half calf, marbled boards, with MS attributions throughout. Greek and Latin verse by Harvard faculty and students on the death of George I1 and accession of George 111, intended to show the advance of civilization in the colonies. ABIEL HOLMES, 1763-1837, ed. ENE 31 A Family Tablet: Containing a Selection of Original Poetry [anon.] Boston, 1796. Wegelin 584. Original mottled calf, double gilt rules across the spine, red leather label, edges stained yellow, with the signature of Mary Rodman on the free front endpaper. A collection of poems by members of the Holmes and Stiles families-joined by the marriage of Abiel Holmes to Mary Stiles, daughter of President Ezra Stiles of Yale-and friends. All are signed with pseudonyms: Louisa = Ruth Stiles Gannett (wife of Caleb Gannett, Harvard 1783), Myra = Mary Stiles Holmes (Mrs. Abiel Holmes), Myron = Abiel Holmes, Eugenio = Ezra Stiles, Jr., St. John = St. John Honeywood ( 1763-1798). WILLIAM HUBBARD, 1621-1704 ENE 32 A General History of New England, from the Discovery to MDCLXXX . . . Published by the Massachusetts Historical Society. Cambridge, 18 15. [I] b 2-844 852; vi, [8], [7]-676 p.; p. 399 misprinted 39; el. 1 cm. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, with the ink stamp of Henry W. Fuller on the free front endpaper. The first publication of a manuscript used in their histories by Cotton Mather (ENE 39), Thomas Prince (ENE 5 1 ) , and Thomas Hutchinson (ENE 33), and one based in part on Governor John Winthrop's MS Journal (ENE 77). The scribal copy, with author's corrections, on which Abiel Holmes and Joseph McKean based this edition, was donated to the Society in 1791 by Dr. John Eliot. Upon petition by the Historical Society, the General Court ordered 600 copies at two dollars each, directing that one copy "be sent to the Clerk of each town in the Commonwealth, for the use of the inhabitants thereof." The Society distributed broadside subscription proposals, printed 1000 copies of the book, and supplied copies as v. 5-6, 2nd ser., in its "Col

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56 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY lections." It was republished by the Society in 1848 as revised by William Thaddeus Harris. In 1878 a sheaf of new and revised texts was distributed and bound into some copies, based on newly discovered transcriptions by Judge Peter Oliver. THOMAS HUTCHINSON, 17 11-1780 ENE 33 The History of the Colony of Massacbusets-Bay, from the First Settlement Thereof in 1628. Until. . . 1691. Boston, 1764. s2 A-Z Aa-Nn8 (Nn6-8 excised); [4], iv, 566 p.; A2-3 missigned As+, pen cancels on p. 41 1 (the rest of the sentence after "Mr. Locke,") and on p. 478 (the last two lines of the footnotes); 20.1 cm. Original calf, edges sprinkled red. The History of the Province of Massachusets-Bay, from . . . 1691, until . . . 1750. Boston, 1767. a4 B-Z Aa-L18 Mm4 Nn2; [+I, iv, 539 p.; 19.8 cm. Original calf, double gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges sprinkled red, with the signatures "S. Dexter's" and "A. Ward's" on the title-page and the bookplate of W. S. Appleton. Samuel Dexter ( 1726-1810) of Dedham and Mendon, Mass., had a daughter, Catharina Maria, who married Artemas Ward ( 1762-18+7), Harvard 1783, a judge and Chief Justice in Boston and son of the Revolutionary general Artemas Ward. William Sumner Appleton ( 1874-1947), Harvard 1896, was founder of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities. The History ofthe Province of Massachusetts [sic] Bay, from the Year 1750, until June, 1778 . . . 701. III. London, 1828. Church 1032, but title-page varies, and signature b (eight leaves, including the dedication and preface) is not present. Untrimmed, bolts for the most part unopened, in original unprinted dull brown wrapper. 22.6 cm. This form, also found at Harvard, may represent the U.S. issue, but see Charles Deane, Bibliographical Essay, 1857. The first general history, valuable to this day. The expulsion of Hutchinson from the colonies and his death in 1780 delayed appearance of the third volume until the manuscript was edited by his grandson.

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QF or Lirrj 'I jou not rtr ? .".. --.a . It. G. give me r 14 Of arcing and Enttrtainnes~. Wiyyeyant matiche? pwut. Nquittma6ntalh. IVeetimoquat. PLATE I : Roger Williams, hlachemciqut. A Key into the Language of America Weikan. Machippwat. Ahwuile .Askun. No6nat. Wufiulne Walimet Tahbi. wuttattum~tta. I Let w dri*. Neeineechihettit towsk fi it talibi. Mat tacuckquiw. Matta&cquaf. Matcu ttiilaiin? '0 7--. ~ ~ -.Yeen me'irch. yrwr carr. They genzrally all take and it i , , )mmonly the only plant t en labou I ; thc women managing hll LlrC : the isy they take Tobacco tbr two cauies; fir4 againfi the rheume,which cavieth the tooth ake, which thy are impatient of: iecondly to revive and refrelh them, they drinking nothing but warn. Sguttama. . . PLATE 11: John Josselyn, &w-Englands Rarities Hdow Leav'R.L~veuder. Page J+

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Several Poems ' A Las dt Yhat meal \h, tell th loguc &tween 01 ' I land ~em:concerning'rhei ~fe~t Troubles, Anna, 1642. i New :ar Mothe honour, a eit.; L-L""" 3ecn and d peace, h ".. nwitll bl What ails t~~rc llallg thy head,& crols tnrne arms : And fit.Yth7 d&,to figh thefe fad alarm! What deluge of new woesthus over-wbe The glories of thy ever famous Realme ? t !s this wailing tone,tbis rnournlul pic: I y daughte~ r, &e may 1 m --# Ola eugrnnb Art ignorant indeed of thefe m. Or muR my forced tongu'e thew grms ulluvlr. And mufi my Celf difftt my tatter'd itate, Which 'mazed Chriftendome Rands wondring at? And thou a Child, a Limbe, and cloR nobfeel My hinting weakned bouy now to reel ? Thn P LA T E I v : William Hill Brown, The Power of Sympathy L ''6 .-%/ad./ c-;kT/n / ~Y$ir~w . /"

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 57 EDWARD JOHNSON, 1599-1 672 ENE 34 A History of New-England. From the English Planting in the Yeere 1628. until1 the Yeere 1652 [anon.] London, 1654 [i.e., 16533 Church 532; made up with signatures R-Hh from one source, D-Q from another, A-C being washed but possibly from the former source. Old mottled calf, rebacked and repaired. Known by its running title of "Wonder-Working Providence of Sions Saviour, in New England," this rambling firsthand account, including "The great encouragements to increase trade . . . [with] Old England," was meant to entice settlers to the colonies. JOHN JOSSELYN, fl. isso-1675 ENE 35 New-Englands Rarities Discovered: in Birds, Beasts, Fishes, Serpents, and Plants of That Country . . . Illustrated with Cuts. London, 1672. Church 618; Wing (2) J1093. Modem green morocco, by Birdsall. One of the earliest illustrated accounts of flora and fauna, with a folding plate, "Hollow Leav'd Lavender," and large woodcuts in text, such as "A branch of the Humming Bird Tree . . . made (after the English manner) into an unguent with Hogs Grease . . . for bruises." ENE 36 An Account of Two Voyages to New-England. Wherein You Have the Setting out of a Ship, with the Charges; the Prices of A11 Necessaries for Furnishing a Planter and His Family at His First Coming; a Description of the Countrey, Natives and Creatures, with Their Merchantil and Physical Use Cetc.3 London, 1674. Church 627, B3 signed; Wing (2) J1091. Contemporary panelled calf, rebacked, with five pages of contents in MS on the endleaves and with marginal MS captions throughout the text. Josselyn's visits were in 1638-1639 and 1663-1671; the manuscript "Contents" picks out what was interesting to the English reader, e.g., Flying Squirril described, p. 87; Some of their merchants are damnably rich, p. 180; The mischief of a drink called Rum-bullion, p. 139, etc.

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58 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY THOMAS LECHFORD, 1 $go?-1 644? ENE 37 Plain Dealing: or, Newes from New-England . . . A Short View of New-Englands Present Government, Both Ecclesiasticall and Civil. London, 1642. Church 454; Wing (2) L810. Modern brown morocco, gilt extra, green onlays, by Riviere; inscribed on the paste-down back endpaper "1902 $ctx. binding &'a.a.x." The Frederic R. Halsey copy, sold in the auction of Huntington Library duplicates in 19 19. The note on p. 20 concerning the "eleven or twelve Commandements" has been corrected in ink as in the Church copy. The sheets were reissued, with a new title-page, as New England's Advice to Old-England, London, 1644. According to James Hammond Trumbull, it is a book "nearly indispensable to the study of New England institutions." COTTON MATHER, 1663-1 728 ENE 38 Johannes in Eremo. Memoirs, Relating to the Lives, of. . . Mr. John Cotton . . . Mr. John Norton . . . Mr. John Wilson . . . Mr. John Davenport . . . Ministers of the Gospel. . . in Boston; and Mr. Thomas Hooker . . . at Hartford. [Boston] 1695. Holmes Cotton Mather 188-A, but without the two medial blank leaves. Modern calf with ink stamps of Brown University and John Carter Brown ( 1797-1874)~ the great collector and founder of the library of Americana that bears his name, on the title-page and the bookplate of John Carter Brown cancelled with the release stamp of the library. "Advertisement . . . [for] Church-History of New-England . . . [and] A Schzme of the Whole Work," pp. 28-32, first series, is the first printed announcement of Mather's Magnalia, wherein these texts were collected in 1702. UF copy. ENE 39 Magnalia Cbristi Americana: or, The Ecclesiastical History of New-England from Its First Planting in the Year 1620. unto the Year of Our Lord, 1698. London, 1702. Holmes Cotton Mather 2 13-A; large-paper copy with the folding engraved map and the Boston-printed errata leaves; without the blank leaf 6M2; p. 29 in Book VI misprinted 37; the title-leaf to Book I bound after the principal title and the second leaf of advertisements ("A6") bound between signatures

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 59 A and B; a rule, fallen across the forme, has printed on p. 35 in Book VI. Original sprinkled panelled calf, red label, edges sprinkled red, board edges gilt-tooled with a decorated roll. With the bookplate of Henry Labouchere: Queen Victoria's "horrible lying Labouchere" and Edward VII's "viper." Mather's greatest published work and the most celebrated American book of colonial times. It contains the history of the settlement of New England; the lives of its governors and magistrates; the lives of "Sixty Famous Divines"; a history and roll of Harvard College; the history of the New England Church; and the "Wars of the Lord" against the devil and others. ENE 40 The Christian Philosopher: a Collection oftbe Best Discoveries in Nature, with Religious Improvemnts. London, 1721 Lie., 17203 Holmes Cotton Matber 52-A. Original sprinkled panelled calf, edges sprinkled red, board edges gilt-tooled with a decorated roll. A fellow of the Royal Society in London, Mather affirms that "Philosophy Live., natural science2 is no Enemy but a mighty and wondrous incentive to Religion"; the book illustrates Mather's interest in science and reveals the state of scientific knowledge in New England at the time. EN E 41 Ratio Disciplinae Fratrum Nov-Anglorum. .A Faithful Account of the Disc$dine Professed and Practised; in the Churches of New-England [anon.] Boston, 1726. Holmes Cotton Matber 3 18, lacking the contents leaf and final blank. Modern marbled boards, calf spine. The doctrines of Congregationalism in New England and a reaffirmation of the "Cambridge Platform." UF copy. INCREASE MATHER, 1639-1723 ENE 42 KO~~TO~~~~L~. Or a Discourse Concerning Comets . . . As also TWO Sermons Occasioned by the Late Blazing Stars. Boston, 1683. Holmes Increase Mather 67-A and 62-B (blanks A1 and K8 excised). Nineteenth-century gilt-panelled red morocco by F. Bedford, the three title-leaves and their conjugates remargined; with the bookplate of the Rev. Anson Phelps

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60 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Stokes (187+1958), Yale 1896, stating that the book came to him from the library of Anson Phelps Stokes (1838-1913)~ his father, the New York banker. Once owned by Caleb Fiske Harris ( 1 8 18-1 8 8 1 ) , the eminent Providence, R.I., bibliophile. SAMUEL MATHER, 1706-1785 ENE 43 The Lfe of the Very Reverend and Learned Cotton Mather, D. D. & F. R.S. Late Pastor of the North Church in Boston. Who Died, Feb. 13. 1727, 8. Boston, 1729. Holmes Minor Mathers 76-A, lacking the three blank leaves. Original sprinkled panelled calf, board edges gilt-tooled with a decorated roll. Dedicated to the University of Glasgow, prefaced by Thomas Prince, its ten-page list of subscribers headed by Governor Burnet and his lieutenants William Dummer and John Wentworth, this biography concludes with a list of 383 books published by Cotton: this early bibliography of a New England author is preceded only by the list of works by Samuel Willard in his Compleat Body of Divinity, 1726. JEDEDIAH MORSE, 1761-1826 ENE 44 Geography Made Easy . . . Calculated Particularly for the Use and Improvement of Schools in the United States. New-Haven C17841 AS6; colored engraved frontispiece of the hemispheres and colored folding engraved map of the United States facing p. 94; 914, [I J p.; 15.5 cm. Original sheep, repaired, front flyleaf inscribed "Mary Anne Griswold Chandler Book Distributed to her in the division of her Fathers personal Estate Out of Date, of No use to any One, even to A Student" and "Charles Lanman From My Grandfather's Library." Mary Anne (otherwise Marian) Chandler ( 177418 17), daughter of Charles Church Chandler of Woodstock, Conn., married in 1794 James Lanman of Norfolk, Conn. The book may have had personal interest for Charles Lanman ( 18 19-1 895 ), Mary Anne's grandson, who achieved distinction as the author of American travel books and as an artist. Morse's geography and Noah Webster's speller were the most important texts in the early development of American public education. Their aggressive nationalism reformed colonial elementary and secondary schooling.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 6 1 NATHANIEL MORTON, 1613-1685 EN E 45 Xw-Englands Memoriall: or, .A Brief Relation of the Most Memorable and Remarkable Passages of the Providence of God, Manfested to the Planters of New-England in America; with Special Reference to . . . New-Plimouth. Cambridge [Mass.] 1669. Church 606, with p. 96 misprinted 69. Modern brown morocco, gilt extra, by Rivikre, with considerable paper restoration throughout. Drawing largely on his uncle William Bradford's manuscript History (written 1630-165 1, printed 1856; see ENE 1 1 ), Morton extends the work down to 1668. This first history to be printed in New England includes verse by Bradford, Josias Winslow, the Reverends John Norton and John Cotton, Benjamin Woodbridge, et al., making it one of the first collections of American poetry. SARAH WENTWORTH (APTHORP) MORTON, 1759-1846 ENE 46 Beacon Hill. .A Local Poem, Historic and Descriptive. Book I [anon.] Boston, 1797. Wegelin 276, calling in error for a frontispiece. New green cloth, untrimmed, preserving the original blue-gray wrappers which are inscribed "The Property of Mrs Morton." An elegant piece of federal typography on imported wove paper. UF copy. THOMAS MORTON, 1575-1646 EN E 47 New English Canaanor New Canaan. Containingan Abstract of New England . . . the Original1 of the Natives . . . the Natural1 Indowmnts of the Country . . . That People Are Planted There. Amsterdam, 1637. Church 437, but G3 signed correctly and the line breaks between "the" and "Land" on p. 59; STC (2) 18204, with the usual cancel title-leaf. Modern green morocco by Rivicre. Morton ran the low establishment at "Merry Mount," where he put up the maypole and was twice ejected by the Plymouth Pilgrims. He retaliated with this book, which had to be printed in Holland because of its point of view. He always refers to Myles Standish as "Captain Shrimp," for example.

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62 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY "MOURT'S RELATION" EN E 48 A Relation or Iournall ofthe Beginning and Proceedings of the English Plantation Setled [sic2 at Plimouth in New England, by Certaine English Aduenturers Both Merchants and Others . . . As also a Relation of Fovre Seuerall Discoueries Since Made . . . In a Iourney to Pvckanokick . . . In a Voyage Made by Ten of Them to the Kingdome of Nawset . . . In Their Iourney to the Kingdome of Namaschet . . . Their Voyage to the Massachusets Canon.] London, 1622. Church 393, "second issue"; STC (2) 20074. Leaf CI is a cancel beginning "A Relation or"; quire B was reissued in 1627 as part of the Council of New England's An Historical1 Discoverie and Relation of the English Plantations, in New England, otherwise a reissue with cancel title-page of the Council's A Briefe Relation of the Discovery . . . of New England, also of 1622. Panelled calf, rebacked and restored, board edges gilt-stamped with a decorated roll; with inscriptions on the endpapers: "Randall Cook . . . 1738" and "John Thatcher His Book 1 768." The book was edited by George Morton, or Mourt (1585-1628)~ but appears to be the work of Bradford and Winslow, in the form of a journal from 20 September to 1 1 December 162 I ; it and Winslow's Good Newes are the earliest accounts of the MayJlower voyage, the settlement of Plymouth, and the heroic deeds of Myles Standish. JUDITH (SARGENT) STEVENS MURRAY, 1761-1820 ENE 49 The Gleaner. A Miscellaneous Production. In Three Volumes. By Constantia Qseud.] 3 v. Boston, Feb. 1798. 1: A-U W-Z Aa-Ee6; xii, [13]-348 p. ; 17.2 cm. 2: [A12 B-U W-Z Aa-Cc6 Dd4; iv, [5]-32 I, 3 blank p.; 17.2 cm. 3: [A12 B-U W-Z Aa-Dd6; iv, [$]-328 p.; 17.2 cm. Tree calf, double gilt rules across spine, black title label, oval red volume label, board edges gilt with a decorative roll, edges stained light green; attributed to the Boston binder Henry Bilson Legge largely on the basis of the flower and dart roll gilt across the title label. Dedicated to President John Adams and concluding with a ten-page list of subscribers, l%e Gleaner collects fugitive writings from the Massachusetts Monthly Museum and two plays that had been produced at the Federal Street Theatre in Boston. Gift of the Howe Society.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 63 EBENEZER PEMBERTON, 1704-1777 ENE 50 Heaven the Residence of the Saints. A Sermon Occasioned by the Sudden and Much Lamented Death of the Rev. George Whitejield . . . Delivered at the Thursday Lecture at Boston, in America, October I I, 1770 . . . lo Which Is Added, an Elegiac Poem on His Death, by Phillis, a Negro Girl, of Seventeen Years of Age, Belonging to Mr J. Wbeatley of Boston. London, 177 1. Wegelin 43 1. Modem dark morocco, extra gilt, repaired. Phillis Wheatley's poem, collected here, had been printed separately at Boston and Newport in the preceding year. See ENE 73. Gift of the Howe Society. THOMAS PRINCE, 1687-1758 ENE 51 A Chronological History of New-England in the Form of Annals . . . Yo1 I. Boston, 1736. Church 925, but signature b is in eight, there is a colon after "ea" on p. 2[8 I], and there is no punctuation after "22" on p. 213. Modern half morocco, marbled boards, with the signature on the title-page and inscription on front flyleaf "Samuel Johnson 1737" (not the Samuel Johnson, but the president of Kings College, now Columbia University). Another copy is the same, except that there is a point after "22" on p. 213 and S2 is signed Re; it is bound with Prince's Annals as described below. Early sheep, rebacked, with the signature "Jona Tucker" on the title-page. Another copy, with signature b in eight, and a period after "22" on p. 2[81) and after ''22'' on p. 213, has lost its front cover, but its spine and back cover are original calf, with double gilt rules around the cover, gilt comer-pieces, and double gilt rules and red label on the spine. Annals of New-England. By Thomas Prince, A.M. 701. II. Numb. IK-31. Boston C1755J B-E4 2nl 3nl F-I4 4nl K-N4; [ii], 32, [43, 33-64, [Q], 66-96 p.; 17 cm. Title-pages occur before the first and second sequence of thirty-two pages, but the title-leaf and final leaf of the third number are wanting; at the foot of each title-page is the notice "(Price Six Pence Lawful Money each Num

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64 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ber) ." The project was abandoned in the middle of a sentence, and no further numbers were issued. Having started at the creation of the world, Prince was able to bring his history down no further than 1630, and his annals to 1633. SUSANNA (HASWELL) ROWSON, 1762-1824 ENE 52 Charlotte. A Tale of Truth. 2 v. in 1. Philadelphia, 1794. BAL 16997, first state of [A) 1, with the quotation from a review pasted on the first blank leaf; Vail 2. Early calf, rebacked and repaired, inscribed "Wm. Ripton's boock bought in Philadelphia lath May AD 1794 Price 4/8," "Nancy Connell," and "John Fridley." First American edition of the biggest seller before Uncle Tom's Cabin. ENE 53 An Abridgment of Universal Geography, Together with Sketches of History. Designed for the Use of Schools and Academies in the United States. Boston Cl8061 B A L 170 10, "Advertisement" leaf present; Vail 159. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges sprinkled blue; with the signature "Miss Lucy Davis 18 12" on the free front endpaper and the bookplate of the Beverly Public Library. Mrs. Rowson opened her school for girls in 1797 and continued it until her death; she published this and the following dictionary for her own use. Gift of the Howe Society. ENE 54 .A Spelling Dictionary, Divided into Short Lessons . . . Selected from Johnson's Dictionary, for the Use of Her Pupils. Boston, 1807. B AL 170 1 1, Vail 209; p. 55 not numbered, 73 printed upside down. Original blue-gray paper over scabbord, reverse calf spine, sewn with cloth tapes stabbed through the book; inscribed "Caira Robbins" on the title-page. Gift of the Howe Society. ENE 55 Will You Rise My Belov'd by MT? Rowson. Adapted to the Musick of Will You Come to the Bower. Boston Printed and Sold by G Graupner. N!! 6 Franklin-Street. Boston C181 I?] A variant of B AL 17064, Wolfe 6061 and Vail 252. Sheet music, unbound,

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.nd.in 1665. Great 1 .'Jmru"!' I am nor ~nformcd of t %"/.#@pox in Donan tn 1661 903 P)J./. 13/. The fi~mmer of 1676 in England was eold. Meaner and c~l?'~'' fmall-pax prcrailed in fomc -'---4% V&;.C In 16;; was fern a come May; an carthqual:~ ~ex6L was cxl=icnc~d in Enclan ~rleffown, hf~hchu. feta, raged the fm:ill.pox w y of a plague. Man 1%. 4. 180. The fummcr of r 675 was very hat a!;d dry. 'I'liere war a d jtk .ffb comet and an earthquake id Lima. Fevers and alfe&iubs of the fb?? ihroat were epidemic in the north of Europe. The 1,lague raged . wich moR ddolating fury in Algiers and h.lorocco. Autliors rc!3> " iate Bat four millions of people pcrihed, and that the \rde of p !.rr*Y' Scknch prrnilt he fpecin of c 6. a cornet with 1 In 1668, appeared Rupendom co cedrc!y hot fummcr, and malignrnt dif. New York the eptdemic wu fo fad, that Septembn, on that account. This wa, tal bilious fever in its infe&tious form. In . yL.. ,,, ,,. earthquake in America, and a meteor in @car, pointing and dibppcarcd caI'e Hln. ral. I ed all0 by ria!e was attf cafes in a faR w undoub~ :nded by an ex America, In as appointed in ledly the aummr a ..-"..,me -" ,"'LL'. tin April and : d ; and in Ch; ith the mortalit ..,,., **,,a , the we1 which g t, in form of a :readt~allg funk N year war mark I towds the I. . 367. MqnaL nc earthquakes This L The winte the Mphorm bridge of ice. ,inter appeared i brightnef-he infallible forcrunncr of great difchaip of el, Yd.I. 214 trical fire, or ot violent tempeffs.--On the r~thof March 1669, Sub. -3the eruption of Etna which had commmced in 1664 doubled and by immenfc difcharges of lam laid dc the canntry below. Its violence-fubGded ia July; but tremendous huniand rlG fcen in with a In w and ice was be Drnnbe population ha On the 12 s not fince ka . . I rcpaircd. Chcnicra I xmd in En! th of January t Ts, at noon. dkay darkae Not-xithltanding the barrennds of my materials, this pel d period may be very clearly diflinguilhed, by the mmcer 1669 to 1672 with the fmall px, the utatrh of 1675 fubfequent malignant fevcn and affetions of the throat. Lally the peflilence of 167P The fame deleterious prir Our annals relate that the fed01 fruits blafled. while malignant dii :ople. The fickncfs and bad feafoer "-.. -.......,,, ", "". =.-MI an. . ccRon, to the irreligion of the timn, and to their difule of fa&ing. On this ocafioo, a fynod wu coo~med to invcfliga~ ca& of God's judgments, and to pr~pofe a plan of ref( tion. The frmll-ppx pr~iled at Bofton in 1678, and a I Lr epidemic in England, France and Holland. Sec Neal'. Hin. N. E~R. roL r. 3%. M;g. b. 3. 81. Hatch. ml. I. Ir+ Doug. rol. l. 440 Sllorl. pol. I. The comet of 1678 wasfollowed by avcy cold winter, after a ning autumn, with an epidemic cough. A comet is mentioncd in 1679, and theplague was in Vienna. Theyear 1680 diftinguii'hed alro for tbe nmd comer that had I n~ed the plape. Wenfrom ,the , and ~zrked the year. r hot. ,is year, the ca 4, accompanied c.-. ... !., The fmme ~ciple extended 1s wcrc vnfrrt [dm prcvailcd , .v.~.~.;h..... I to America. ~nble and the among the .I h.. m.. n;.,.. o in WeRphal with drowljne n:-* a ia died with m 6. h Englu ..A r---...I. the hca, adaoperuur ~vsr. wnun unumy LVII~U~ LWU *V~C IIWYUI. In Nonvxy prevailed meaIln of a malignant kina, 1mcumg old and young. Bonetus, Med. Sept. 113.-In the two folIow;al: ycan mdcr was epidemic in London alternating with tbe &. fmall.po~.~ee Sydenh~m.-In 1673 winter was cold ; and 3. 47. catarrh! iith fpotted fevers-A comet the prcf In 1 Europe 01 fire MI, trom the nonh-calt i ana tnc touowln America war colder tllm urial. :e the Irmat"pP. s were frcquent rcding year. 1675 a wet and : with tile nfual . .. . . cool fummer, fgmptomr : . .. the influenza In Italy was fc .. -.. . a ferere winter, (tinim's reign. waa hot and GI , and la cklr. lppeared in Ju The fummcr PLATE v : Noah Webster, A Brief History of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases

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xw qp &ST 'q W'*-?$ $Y?'*3 +>% ,!y$ # @# (ij. ,& .r6 ,fi3 %.A ,C *, -.S 6.n * .at ~3 *% 4%2 K HTO r PAQIA. 59 8 8-9 f&b OK A % *? DDilcourre Concerning tdj 8 COM]ETS. 0 9 Y '? *hertin !be Nsrve of 3 L AZING STARS 4% is Enquired into: z;: With an Hiflorical Account of all the COMETS % which have app-ared from the Beginn $?$ G) Worldunto tbisprtrent Year, M.DC, yz EX!, tfin,a % ge The Place in the Heacens, where they 1 8 & Th~ir Motinn,Fonns, Duratiol j and markable Events.which have foll~ 5k in the World, rofaras they have t by Learned Men obrcrved. 8 Asr~otab SERMONS OccaRonrd by the late D1a:ng Srm. * 2% By INCqEdXE MATHE& Teacher D 8 at BoPon in Nem~ngland ' 8 ebb 4% PTal. rr 1.2. be more of'rbe rotd are g out of all th:m that have plemjiire rberei 4k % Amos 9 6. He kiidrtb 6ir fiotie! in dr 8 --BOSTON IN NEw-ENCLAND, % 8 Printed by S. G. for S. S. And fold by 3. Bywing 8 85 At the corner of the Pr:Ton Lane next the ~omrld, Houfe I 6 8 3. $6 PLATE VI : Increase Mather, KOMHTOrPAoIA ing of the , LXXXliI. xere feen, the Rer wed Ieen #fa Chwch

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 66 ENE 56 Cbme Strike tbe Silver String[.] A Sared Song Written by Mp Rowson. Composed witb an Accompaniment for tbe Piano Forte or Organ by Oliver Sbaw. Providence El 8 17-1 835) B AL 1703 1, sheet music, Wolfe 7936, first issue. Unbound, repaired. ENE 57 Pem and Holy he [,] a Wed Song; Sung by Master Ayling, at tbe Handel Hayden Socdety: Written by Mrs. Rowson, tbe Mm'c Composed by Jobn Bray. Boston [1820] B A L 17056, *st issue, sheet music, Wolfe 1323, first issue. Unbound, with the retailer's ink stamp ofthe "Franklin Music Warehouse No. 6 Milk St. Boston." SAMUEL SEWALL, 1662-1750 EN E 58 Diary of Samuel Small, 16'74-1 729. In: C%llections of tbe Massachusetts Historical Society, 6th ser., v. 6-7. V. 1: Boston, 1878; v. 2: Boston, 1879; v. 5: Boston, 1882. 5: d [a] b 1-338 342; 1 blank leaf, x, [I], [xg-xl, 639 p.; engraved frontispiece portrait with tissue guard and printed slip giving its provenance. Without the errata slip tipped into some copies. 6: [I-938 1-298; 1 blank leaf, [6 1, iii, iii, KT*]-ISI*, [I), 469 p., lblankleaf. 7: 4 1-368; 1 blank leaf, [5], 672, 1 blank leaf, final leaf mounted beneath paste-down endpaper. 24.3 cm. Original black cloth, printed paper labels. The most famous American diary, and the best description of the Puritans' daily We and thought. Even so, subscriptions praved inadequate so the Society voted to pay for publication with the funds provided for its "Collections," and some sets were probably issued in parts, pasted in the printed dull green wrappers of the series. As a member of the Committee of Publication, James Russell Lowell read the galley proofs, insisting on a literal reproduction of the MS. EZRA STILES, 1727-1796 ENE 59 Oratio Inauguralis Habita in Sacello Collegii Yahis . . . 7.11. Id. Quintil. M.DCC. LXXVIII. Hartford, 1778. [A] B-E4; 40 p.; 92.1 cm. Stitched, unbound, bolts unopened. Stiles was president of Yale from 1778 to 1796. UF copy.

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66 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ISAIAH THOMAS, 1749-185 I ENE 60 The Hirtay of Printing in Awica. Witb a Biopapby of Printers, and an Account of Newspapers . . . In two Tolums. a v. Worcester, 18 lo. 1: [A3 E-U W-Z eA+U eW-+i?Z sA-sN4; vi, [7]487 p.; folding engraved plate opposite p. 70 signed "Callender Sct" and unsigned engraved plates f* pp. le7 and 137. e: f A-U W-Z eA-eU aW-eZ sA-3U 3W-3Y4 322; iv, C61-676 p.; unsigned folding engraved plate opposite p. 190 and unsigned plate opposite p. 634. original mottled sheep, gilt rules across spine, board edges gilt with a decorative roll; red leather title and volume labels, edges stained yellow; 91.6 cm. With the early owner's signature, "F: F: Van Deusen Class 72" and the modern bookplate of Frank L. Hadley, of Moundsville, W.Va., whose libwy was sold at auction, 1993-1994. The engraver was Joseph Callender, whoseplate opposite p. 190 was signed when it appeared in the Royal .American Magazine, 1774. Georgia B. Bumgarher, Curator of Graphic Arts at the American Antiquarian Society, reporn that the Society owns two of the original copperplates: one for the eqpving at I, 70 and another for the three engravings at I, 127, I, 137, and XI, 504% The earliest history of American printing, still in use, by one of the most swmsful printers of the day and the founder of the American Antiquarian Sociq. JOHN TRUMBULL, 17bO-18S1 ENE 61 An Essay on tbe Use and Advantages of tbe Fine Arts. Delivered at tbe Public Commencement, in New Haven, St$&dm iatb, 1770 Canon. J New-Haven C17701 [A> B4; 16 p.; about 17 cm, Stitched, unbound, cropped unevenly; in a cloth case with the bookplate of Clifton Waller Barrett, the eminent contemporary American book collector. This cmmwment piece defends Polite Literature and concludes in song: Thus o'er.the happy Lind shall Genius reign, And fair Yalensia lead the noble train.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 65 EN E 56 Come Strike the Silver String[.] A Sacred Song Written by Mcs Rowson. Composed with an Accompani?nent for the Piano Forte or Organ by Oliver Shaw. Providence C18 17-1 8233 BAL 1703 1, sheet music, Wolfe 7935, first issue. Unbound, repaired. ENE 57 Peace and Holy Love [,I a Sacred Song; Sung by Master Ayling, at the Handel & Hayden Society: Written by Mrs. Rowson, the Music Composed by John Bray. Boston [I 8201 BAL 17066, first issue, sheet music, Wolfe 1323, first issue. Unbound, with the retailer's ink stamp of the6'Franklin Music Warehouse No. 6 Milk St. Boston." SAMUEL SEWALL, 1652-1 730 EN E 58 Diary of Samuel Sewall, 1674-1 729. In: Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 5th ser., v. 5-7. V. 1: Boston, 1878; v. 2: Boston, 1879; v. 3: Boston, 1882. 5: n6 [a] b 1-338 342; 1 blank leaf, x, [l], [xi]-xl, 5.32 p. ; engraved frontispiece portrait with tissue guard and printed slip giving its provenance. Without the errata slip tipped into some copies. 6: C1-938 1-298; 1 blank leaf, C53, iii, iii, [7*]-13 l*, [I], 462 p., 1 blank leaf. 7: .Ifr 1-368; 1 blank leaf, [5], 572, 1 blank leaf, final leaf mounted beneath paste-down endpaper. 24.3 cm. Original black cloth, printed paper labels. The most famous American diary, and the best description of the Puritans' daily life and thought. Even so, subscriptions proved inadequate so the Society voted to pay for publication with the funds provided for its "Collections," and some sets were probably issued in parts, pasted in the printed dull green wrappers of the series. As a member of the Committee of Publication, James Russell Lowell read the galley proofs, insisting on a literal reproduction of the MS. EZRA STILES, I 727-1 795 ENE 59 Oratio Inauguralis Habita in Sacello Collegii Yalensis . . . VIII. Id. Quintil. M.DCC. LXXVIII. Hartford, 1778. CAI B-E4; 40 p.; 22.1 cm. Stitched, unbound, bolts unopened. Stiles was president of Yale from 1778 to 1795. UF copy.

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66 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ISAIAH THOMAS, 1749-1 83 1 ENE 60 The History of Printing in America. With a Biography of Printers, and an Account of Newspapers . . . In two Yolumes. 2 v. Worcester, 18 lo. 1: [A] B-U W-Z "A-2U 2W-22 3A-3N4; vi, [7]487 p.; folding engraved plate opposite p. 70 signed "Callender Sct" and unsigned engraved plates facing pp. 127 and 137. 2: ~2 A-U W-Z eA-eU 2W-22 3A-3U 3W-3Y4 322; iv, [5)-576 p.; unsigned folding engraved plate opposite p. 190 and unsigned plate opposite p. 534. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across spine, board edges gilt with a decorative roll; red leather title and volume labels, edges stained yellow; 21.6 cm. With the early owner's signature, "F: F: Van Deusen Class 72" and the modern bookplate of Frank L. Hadley, of Moundsville, W.Va., whose library was sold at auction, 1923-1924. The engraver was Joseph Callender, whose plate opposite p. 190 was signed when it appeared in the Royal American Magazine, 1774. Georgia B. Bumgardner, Curator of Graphic Arts at the American Antiquarian Society, reports that the Society owns two of the original copperplates: one for the engraving at I, 70 and another for the three engravings at I, 127, I, 137, and 11, 504. The earliest history of American printing, still in use, by one of the most successful printers of the day and the founder of the American Antiquarian Society. JOHN TRUMBULL, 1750-183 1 ENE 61 An Essay on the Use and Advantages of the Fine Arts. Delivered at the Public Commencement, in New Haven, September 12th, 1770 [anon. J New-Haven [ 1770 J [A] B4; 16 p.; about 17 cm. Stitched, unbound, cropped unevenly; in a cloth case with the bookplate of Clifton Waller Barrett, the eminent contemporary American book collector. This commencement piece defends Polite Literature and concludes in song: Thus o'er the happy Land shall Genius reign, And fair Yalensia lead the noble train.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 67 ENE 62 M'Fingal: a Modern Epic Poem, in Four Cantos Canon.1 Hartford, 1782. Church 1192. Later half calf, marbled boards, inscribed "C. Booth's. 13" on the free front endpaper. The first authorized and the first complete edition of the second most popular poem of its time. A satire on the Revolutionary heroes (in Hudibrastic verse), but predicting future glories for America. NATHANIEL WARD, 1580-1652 ENE 63 The Simple Cobler of Aggawam . . . By Theodore de la Guard Cpseud.] London, 1647. Church 484, treated there as the second edition, but now regarded as the first; for discussion see Sabin lOl326n; side-notes on pp. 27 and 3 1; "of" is on a line by itself in the heading of p. 1. Nineteenth-century calf, rebacked, by Rivi&re, with the bookplate of James William Ellsworth ( I 849-1925), the New York collector. High-flown but amusing satire on religious toleration and Ward's other pet peeves. EN E 64 The Simple Cobler of Aggawam in Arnica . . . By Theodore de la Guard Cpseud.] London, 1647. Church 483, treated there as the first edition, but now regarded as the second; for discussion see Sabin 101326n; p. 15 misprinted 5, the final blank leaf probably supplied; modern red morocco by Rivihre. MERCY (OTIS) WARREN, 1728-1814 EN E 65 History ofthe Rise, Progress and Termination ofthe Amican Revolution. Interspersed with Biographical, Political and Moral Observations. In Three Volumes. 3 v. Boston, 1805. V. 1: ~4 a2 A-U W-Z "2 . . . . ~"-"2 . . . . U" "2 . . . .w"-"2 . . . .z" "3.. . . A""3 . . . . H"4; xii, 447 p. V. 2: n A-U W-Z "2.. . . AI'-"~ . . . . U" "2 . . . . w"-"2 . . . . Z" "3 . . . . K'-"3 . . . . C"4 "3 . . . . D"2; vii, 412 p. V. 3: nA-U W-Z "2.. . . A"-"2 . . . . U" . . . .w7'-"2. . . . 2''

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68 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY "3 . . . . A"-"3 . . . . L"4 ''3 . . . . M"2; vi, one blank leaf, 476 p. ; 20.8, 2 1, 20.9 cm.; mottled sheep, worn, edges stained yellow; each volume inscribed: "To her dear Pelham W Warren from his affectionate Grand Parent, The Author" and "Mrs Pelham W. Warren to her nephew P.W.W." The initial recipient, the author's grandson Pelham Winslow Warren (named for his maternal grandfather), graduated from Harvard in 1 8 15. The Winslows and Warrens (apart from the author) were residents of Plymouth, Mass. Valuable record of the Revolution by a woman who knew and corresponded with many of its leaders. NOAH WEBSTER, 1758-1 843 ENE 66 A Grammatical Institute, of the English Language, Comprising, an Easy, Concise, and Systematic Method of Education, Deskned for the Use of English Schools in America. In Three Parts. Part II. Containing, a Plain and Comprehensive Grammar. . . and an Essay Towards Investigating the Rules of English Verse. Hartford, 1784. Skeel-Carpenter 405; original blue-gray paper over scabbord, roan spine; ''Smuel Gardner price 116" on title. Skeel-Carpenter's note 5 is misleading: "Cicero" appears on the title of the first edition as well as the second. In the Yale copy (facsimilied by Scolar Press, 1968) that name is ruled through in ink and "Hor." inserted. First edition of Webster's first grammar, one of the most influential of American textbooks. The essay on prosody is by John Trumbull. Part I of this work, a speller, has not yet been acquired. This part was given by the Howe Society. ENE 67 A Grammatical Institute of the Englisb Language; Comprising, an Easy, Concise and Systematic Method of Education; Des@ned for the Use of Schools in America. In Three Parts. Part III. Containing the Necessary Rules of Reading and Speaking. Hartford, 1785. Skeel-Carpenter 450, lacking pp. 5-8. Original blue-gray paper over scabbord, repaired and rebacked. Among the readings are selections from Barlow's "Vision of Columbus" and Dwight's "Conquest of Canaan," first printings of both. Three of the anonymous prose pieces are by Webster himself.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 69 ENE 68 An Examination into the Leading Princ$les of the Federal Constitution Proposed by the Late Convention Held at Philadelphia . . . By a Citizen of America [anon. J Philadelphia, 1787. Skeel-Carpenter 718. Modem half morocco, signed "R. Alden's" on the titlepage. Webster published twelve political pamphlets, 1785-1838. This is the second, dedicated to Benjamin Franklin and intended to influence the makers of the Constitution; it compares the proposed form with the Roman and British constitutions, favoring its adoption. EN E 69 Dissertations on the English Language . . . To Which Is Added . . . An Essay on a Reformed Mode of Spelling, with Dr. Franklin's Arguments on That Subject. Boston, 1789. Skeel-Carpenter 651, but 376 misprinted 37. Original mottled sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges sprinkled red. Webster's lecture series, dedicated to Benjamin Franklin, printed for the author by Isaiah Thomas. EN E 70 A Brief History of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases; with the Princ$al Phenomena of the Physical World, Which Precede and Accompany Them, and Observations Deduced from the Facts Stated. 2 v. Hartford, 1799. Skeel-Carpenter 748. Mottled sheep, red and black spine labels, gilt rules across the spine, with the signature of Webster's daughter, "Mrs Julia W Goodrich," on the free front endpapers; Webster's own copy, heavily annotated with new data and citations, particularly through the first volume. The second volume opens with bills of mortality 1600-1799 for London, Augsburg, Dresden, Boston, Philadelphia, Paris, and Dublin. Sir William Osler called this "the most important medical work written in this country by a layman." EN E 71 A Compendious Dictionary ofthe English Language. In Which Five Thousand Words Are Added to the Number Found in the Best English Compends. Hartford, 1806. Skeel-Carpenter 577. Original sheep, double gilt rules across the spine, red label, free front endpaper inscribed " 1.50 Charles Bunces Book June 18 13 ." First edition of the first dictionary published in this country.

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70 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY ENE 72 Letters to a Young Gentleman Commencing His Education: lo Which IS SubjOined a Brief History of the United States. New-Haven, 1823. Skeel-Carpenter 553. Sprinkled sheep, gilt-decorated spine, black label, edges sprinkled brown; inscribed by the author on the free front endpaper "An affectionate father presents this to his beloved [piece torn out] Julia-" i.e., Julia (Webster) Goodrich. PHILLIS WHEATLEY, 1753?-1784 EN E 73 Poems on Various Subjects, Rel@ious and Moral. London, Boston, 1773. Church I IOI describes the first printing. This is the second, chain-lines vertical, second state of the frontispiece portrait with diagonal cross-hatchings added in the upper right quadrant. Original blue paper boards, white paper spine, untrimmed; "Nuneaton Society No 141" inscribed on the front cover. The first book of verse by an American black and the first published portrait of any American poet. Gift of the Howe Society. JOHN WHITE, 1575-1648 ENE 74 The Planters Plea. Or The Grovnds ofPlantations Examined, and Ysuall Objections Answered. Together with a Mangestation of the Causes Mooving Such as Have Lately Yndertaken a Plantation in JVew-England [anon.] London, 1630. Church 418, and, like that copy, closely cropped with the date in the imprint and many page numbers cut into; STC (2) 25399, according to which the printing was divided among W. Jones, M. Flesher, and J. Dawson (probably to get the book out in a hurry). Modem green morocco by W. Pratt, with the bookplate of the Rev. Roderick Terry; the final leaf is remargined at the back and top with several letters added in pen facsimile; at the foot of p. 10 a piece of type (probably a space), fallen on the forme and inked, has printed. White promoted the Dorchester Company of Adventurers, a Puritan joint stock company that attempted to colonize Cape Ann in 1623 and later became the Massachusetts Bay Company. The settlers under that patent arrived in Salem aboard the Arbella in June of 1630; White stayed home.

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 71 ROGER WILLIAMS, 1604?-1683 ENE 75 A Key into the Language of America: or, An Help to the Language of the Natives in That Part of America, Called New-England. Together, with Briefe Observations of the Customes, Manners and Worships, &. of the Aforesaid Natives, in Peace and Warre, in L$e and Death. London, 1643. Church 460. Early vellum wrappers, endpapers renewed; inscribed on the free front endpaper in pencil "Belonged to Simon, Earl Harcourt" and in ink "A. W. Kennedy '93." The first Earl Harcourt ( 17 I+-1777) was variously British ambassador at Paris and Viceroy of Ireland. A vocabulary of the Massachusetts language and the first English-Indian dictionary. ENE 76 The Bloody Tenent Yet More Bloody: by Mr Cottons Endevour to Wash It White in the Blood of the Lambe . . . In This Rejoynder to Mr Cotton, Are Principally . . . The Nature of Persecution . . . The Power of the Civil1 Sword in Spirituals Examined. . . The Parliaments Permission of Dissenting Consciences Justijed. London, 165 2. Church 620, signature [A] unsigned, p. 102 misprinted 201, "To the Reader" is headed "To he Merciful and Compas-Inate Reader." A fresh copy in original sheep, double blind rules around the covers, across the spine, and up the covers 1 in. from the hinge; catchwords cut away on B3 & 4. The Harmsworth COPY. Williams replies to Cotton's Bloudy Tenent, Washed ( 1647; ENE 22), and the controversy ends. JOHN WINTHROP, 1588-1 649 EN E 77 A Journal ofthe Transactions and Occurrences in the Settlement of Massachusetts and the Other New-England Colonies, from the Year 1630 to 1644 . . . And Now First Published from a Correct Copy of the Original Manuscript. Hartford, 1790. Skeel-Carpenter 78 1. Edited and published by Noah Webster from the MS, once in the Boston library of the Rev. Thomas Prince, which during the

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72 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Revolution strayed into the hands of the Connecticut branch of the Winthrop family. Original sheep, gilt rules across the spine, red label, edges stained green, inscribed "Bar. Deane 1790" on the title-page. Winthrop arrived on the Arbella as a member of the Massachusetts Bay Company and for the rest of his life was either governor or deputy governor of the colony, the doings of which he recorded in minute detail. WILLIAM WOOD, 1580-1639 ENE 78 New Englands Prospect. A True, Lively, and Experimentall Description of That Part of America, Commonly Called New England. . . Laying Downe That Which May Both Enrich the Knowledge of the Mind-Travelling Reader, or Benefit the Future Voyager. London, 1634. Church 427, with the woodcut folding map (reproduced on the endpapers of this catalogue) ; STC (2) 25957. Modern green morocco by Rivihre. This useful book includes much Indian lore, including a five-page "Nomenclator, with the Names of their chiefe Kings, Rivers, Moneths, and dayes. . . ." The first part includes verse; the map is the most complete up to the time of publication.

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INDICES PROVENANCES Autograph initials, signatures, and notes of ownership are transcribed here as they are written, although they may be identified and expanded in the bibliographical notes. Alden's, R., ENE 68 Appleton, W. S., ENE 33 Atwoods, G H, ENE 24 Barrett, Clifton Waller, ENE 6 1 Beverly Public Library, ENE 53 BOO&S, C., ENE 62 Britwell Court, ENE 12 (see also C[?lristie)-MCiller] ) Brown, John Carter, ENE 38 Brown University, ENE 38 Bunces, Charles, ENE 7 1 Bunker, Roland, ENE 10 Chandler, Mary Anne Griswold, ENE 44 C.-M., W.H., ENE 19 (see also Britwell Court) Connell, Nancy, ENE 52 Cook, Randall, ENE 48 Crane, Edward N., ENE 22 Darwin, Ralph, ENE 13 Davis, Miss Lucy, ENE 53 Deane, Bar., ENE 77 Dexter's, S., ENE 33 Dow., H., ENE 5 Dwight, Benjamin. Woolsey, ENE 6 Ellsworth, James William, ENE 63 Fridley, John, ENE 52 Fuller, Henry W., ENE 32 Gardner, Smue*, ENE 66 Gibbs, George, ENE 26 Gilbert, Eliphalet W, ENE 24 Goodrich, Mrs. Julia W., ENE 70, 72 Hadley, Frank L., ENE 60 Halsey, Frederic R., ENE 16, 37 Harcourt, Simon, Earl, ENE 75 Harmsworth, Sir R. Leicester, ENE 12, 19, 76 Harris, Caleb Fiske, ENE 42 Hersey's, Dr., ENE 9 Hersholt, Jean, ENE 29 Historical Society of Pennsylvania, ENE 1 Hough, E., ENE 13 H. E. Huntington Library, ENE 16, 37 Jenks, Joseph, ENE 10 Johnson, Samuel, ENE 51 Jones, Matt B., ENE 18 Judson, Abner and David, ENE 23 Kennedy, A. W., ENE 75 Kimball, Jabez, ENE 1

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74 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY Labouchere, Henry, ENE 39 Lanman, Charles, ENE 44 M., W.H.C., see C.-M., W.H. Morris, Rich H., ENE 1 McLellan, Wm., Jr., ENE 3 Morton, Mrs., ENE 46 Munro's, John, ENE 10 Murray, Mrs, ENE 26 Nuneaton Society, ENE 73 Pickman's, Benja, ENE 15 Quincy, Josiah, Jr., ENE 28 Ripton's, Wm., ENE 52 Robbins, Caira, ENE 54 Rodman, Mary, ENE 3 1 Sandwich, First Church, ENE 9 Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1838-19 13, ENE 42 Stokes, Rev. Anson Phelps, 1874-1958, ENE 42 S, M. M., ENE 12 Terry, Rev. Roderick, ENE 22, 74 Thatcher, John, ENE 48 Thayer, Sarah, ENE 7 Toppan's, Christr, ENE 7 Tucker, Jona, ENE 5 1 Van Deusen, F: F:, ENE 60 Ward's, A., ENE 33 Warren, Mrs. Pelham W., ENE 65 Warren, Pelham W., ENE 65 Webster, Noah, ENE 70 AUTHORS AND TITLES An Abridgment of Universal Geography, ENE 53 An Account of Two Vbyages to New-England, ENE 36 Adams, John, 1735-1826, ENE 1 Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848, ENE 2 American Biography, ENE 9 American Coast Pilot, ENE 3 Annals of New-England, ENE 5 1 Barlow, Joel, 1754--18 12, ENE 44-6, 67n Beacon Hill. A Local Poem, ENE 46 Belknap, Jeremy, 17441798, ENE 7-9 The Bloody Tenent Yet More Bloody, ENE 76 l3e Bloudy Tenent, Washed and Made White, ENE 22 Blunt, Edmund M., pub., ENE 3 Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1 838, ENE 10 Bradford, William, 1588-1657, ENE 11 Bradstreet, Anne (Dudley), 1612?-1672, ENE 12, 13 A Brief History of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases, ENE 70 Brown, William Hill, 1766-1 793, ENE 14 Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878, ENE 2 Callender, Joseph, engr., ENE 60 A Careful and Strict Enquiry into . . . Freedom of Will, ENE 28 Charlotte. A Tale of Truth, ENE 52 Chauncy, Charles, 1705-1 787, ENE 15 The Choice: a Poem, ENE 17 The Christian Philosopher, ENE 40

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 75 A Chronological History of NewEngland in the Form of Annals . . . Vbl. I [Ig, ENE 5 1 Church, Benjamin, 1639-17 18, ENE 16-18 Church, Benjamin, 1734-1 776, ENE 17, 18 Come Strike the Silver String, ENE 56 A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language, ENE 7 1 The Conquest of Canaan, ENE 24 The Controversie Concerning Liberty of Conscience, ENE 2 1 The Coquette; or, The History of Elixa Wharton, ENE 29 Cotton, John, 1585-1652, ENE 19-22 Cutter, William, 180 1-1 867, ENE 2n Deane, Charles, ed., ENE 11 Defence of the Constitutions of Government, ENE 1 Diary of Samuel Sewall, 1674-1729, ENE 58 A Dissertation on the History, Eloquence, and Poetry of the Bible, ENE 23 Dissertations on the English Language, ENE 69 Dwight, Timothy, 1752-18 17, ENE 23-27, 67n Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1 758, ENE 28 Entertaining Passages Relating to Philip's War, ENE 16 An Essay on the Use and Advantages of the Fine Arts, ENE 61 An Examination into the Leading Principles of the Federal Constitution Proposed by the Late Convention, ENE 68 A Family Tablet: Containing a Selection of Original Poetry, ENE 31 The Foresters, ENE 7; 2nd ed., ENE 8 Foster, Hannah (Webster), 1759-1840, ENE 29 Furlong, Lawrence, comp., ENE 3 Gannett, Mary Stiles, ENE 3 1n Gannett, Ruth Stiles, ENE 3 1n A General History of New England, ENE 32 Geography Made Easy, ENE 44 Ihe Gleaner . . . By Constantia, ENE 49 Gods Promise to His Plantation, ENE 19 A Grammatical Institute, of the English Language . . . Part II. Containing, a Plain and Comprehensive Grammar, ENE 66 A Grammatical Institute of the English Language . . . Part III. Containing the Necessary Rules of Reading and Speaking, ENE 67 GreenJield Hill, ENE 26 Harvard University, ENE 30 The Hasty-Pudding: a Poem, ENE 6 Heaven the Residence of the Saints. . . lo Which Is Added, an Elegiac Poem . . . by Phillis . . . Wheatley, ENE 50 A History of New-England. From the English Planting in the Teere 1628, ENE 34 History of Plymouth Plantation, ENE 11 Ihe History of Printing in America, ENE 60 Oe History of the Colony of MassachusetsBay, ENE 3 3

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76 PARKMAN DEXTER HOWE LIBRARY History of the Rise, Progress and Tirmination of the American Revolution, ENE 65 Holmes, Abiel, 1763-1 837, ENE 31, 31n Holmes, Mary (Stiles), ENE 31n Honeywood, St. John, 1763-1798, ENE 3ln Hubbard, William, 162 1-1 704, ENE 32 Hutchinson, Thomas, 17 1 1-1780, ENE 33 Johannes in Eremo. Memoirs, Relating to the Lives, of. . . Mr. John Cotton [and others], ENE 38 Johnson, Edward, 1599-1672, ENE 34 Johnson, Samuel, ENE 54 Josselyn, John, fl. 1630-1675, ENE 35, 36 A Journal of the Transactions and Occurrences in the Settlement of Massachusetts, ENE 77 The Jubilee of the Constitution, ENE 2 A Key into the Language of America, ENE 75 Kopqroypa~~a. 07. a Discourse Concerning Comets, ENE 42 Lechford, Thomas, 1590?-1644?, ENE 37 Legge, Henry Bilson, binder, ENE 49 A Letter of Mr. John Cottons . . . to Mr. Williams, ENE 20 Letters to a Young Gentleman Commencing His Education, ENE 72 The L$e of the Kery Reverend and Learned Cotton Mather, ENE 43 Lowell, James Russell, 18 19-1891, ENE 58 M'Fingal: a Modern Epic Poem, ENE 62 Magnalia Chisti Americana, ENE 39 McKean, Joseph, 1776-18 18, ENE 32 Mather, Cotton, 1663-1728, ENE 3841 Mather, Increase, 1639-1 723, ENE 42 Mather, Samuel, 1706-1 785, ENE 43 Mellen, Grenville, 1799-1 88 1, ENE 2n Moore, John Hamilton, d. 1807, ENE 10 Morse, Jedediah, 176 1-1 826, ENE 44 Morton, George, 1585-1628, see "Mourt's Relation," ENE 48 Morton, Nathaniel, 1613-1 685, ENE 45 Morton, Sarah Wentworth ( Apthorp), 1759-1846, ENE 46 Morton, Thomas, 1575-1646, ENE 47 "Mourt's Relation," ENE 48 Murray, Judith (Sargent) Stevens, 1751-1820, ENE 49 The New American Practical Navigator, ENE 10 New-Englands Memoriall, ENE 45 New Englands Prospect, ENE 78 New-Englands Rarities Discovered, ENE 35 J\r,w English Canaan or New Canaan, ENE 47 Oratio Inauguralis Habita in Sacello Collegii Yalensis, ENE 59

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EARLY NEW ENGLAND 77 Peace and Holy Love [,3 a Sacred Song, ENE 57 Pemberton, Ebenezer, 1704-1777, ENE 50 Pietas et Gratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis npud Novanglos, ENE 30 Plain Dealing: or, Newes from New England, ENE 37 The Planters Plea, ENE 74 Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, ENE 73 The Power of Sympathy, ENE 14 Prince, Thomas, 1687-1758, ENE 51 Ratio Disciplinae Fratrum NovAnglorum, ENE 4 1 A Relation or Iournall of the Beginning and Proceedings of the English Plantation Setled at Plimoth, ENE 48 Rowson, Susanna (Haswell), 1762-1824, ENE 52-57 Seasonable Goughts on the State of Religion in New-England, ENE 15 Several Poems Compiled with Great Variety of Wit and Learning . . . Second Edition, ENE 13 Sewall, Samuel, 1652-1730, ENE 58 Seymour, Joseph H., engr., ENE 7 The Simple Cobler of Aggawam, ENE 63, 64 J4 Spelling Dictionary, ENE 54 Stiles, Ezra, 1727-1795, ENE 59 Stiles, Ezra, Jr., ENE 3111 The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America, ENE 12 Thomas, Isaiah, 1749-1831, ENE 60 The Times [. J A Poem, ENE 18 Travels; in New-England and Nw-Tork, ENE 27 The Triumph of Inzdelity, ENE 25 Trumbull, John, 1750-1831, ENE 61, 62, 66n The Vision of Columbus, ENE 4; 2nd ed., ENE 5 Ward, Nathaniel, 1580-1652, ENE 63, 64 Warren, Mercy (Otis), 1728-1814, ENE 65 Webster, Noah, 1758-1843, ENE 66-72; ed., ENE 77 Wheatley, Phillis, 1753?-1784, ENE 50, 73 White, John, 1575-1648, ENE 74 Will You Rise My Belov'd, ENE 55 Williams, Roger, 1604?-1683, ENE 75, 76 Winslow, Edward, 1595-1655, ENE 48 Winthrop, John, 1588-1649, ENE 77 Wood, William, 1580-1639, ENE 78

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Of this book, 650 copies have been printed and bound at The Stinehour Press, 500 in paper covers and I 50 in cloth for the Donors to the Howe Fund. The type is Monotype Bell and the paper Mohawk Superfine.The book's design is by Freeman Keith.