Citation
Guidelines for conducting live-release bass tournaments

Material Information

Title:
Guidelines for conducting live-release bass tournaments
Series Title:
Circular Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Creator:
Schramm, Harold L
Place of Publication:
Gainesville
Publisher:
Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
7 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Bass fishing ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Bibliography: p. 7.
General Note:
Cover title.
Statement of Responsibility:
Harold L. Schramm, Jr.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
AAA6889 ( LTQF )
AEH7532 ( LTUF )
14990187 ( OCLC )
027253600 ( ALEPHBIBNUM )

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Circular 708


HU,.iE LI RARY

GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING

LIVE-RELEASE B, R-lNAMENTS


Harold L. Schramm, Jr.


Florida Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Floiida a John T. Woeste, Dean







GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING
LIVE-RELEASE BASS TOURNAMENTS

Harold L. Schramm, Jr.


Bass tournaments are becoming an increasingly
prevalent recreational use of our aquatic resources.
On some waters, the number of angling hours ex-
pended and the number of bass caught by tournament
participants can exceed one-third of the total bass
fishing effort and catch in a given year. Because of the
increasing frequency of bass tournaments, there is a
hazard that competitive bass fishing could severely
reduce bass populations in our fishing waters. De-
creased abundance of bass results in decreased catch
rate of bass, fewer large bass caught, and undesirable
changes in the entire fish community.
Bass tournaments have been viewed with disdain
by many people. This is partly due to a lack of con-
sideration by some tournament anglers for other
people using the water and adjacent public areas
(parks, boat launch facilities, etc.). Most of the
negative sentiment, however, stems from the belief
that tournaments result in the removal of large
numbers of bass from a lake or river.
Awareness of these problems has resulted in the
increasing prevalence of live-release tournaments.
Well-organized tournaments with desirable fish
handling procedures and with the participating
anglers skilled at maintaining their catch alive can
achieve greater than 90% live release of tournament-
caught fish. A previous publication1 provided informa-
tion useful to anglers to maximize the survival of the
fish they catch. The purpose of this publication is to
provide information on fish handling procedures to
groups and individuals conducting tournaments so
that high survival rates of tournament-caught fish
can be achieved. The first part of this circular
discusses desirable procedures for conducting tour-
naments that end with a weigh-in and release. The
second part of the circular discusses alternatives to
the "weigh-in" tournaments.

Procedures for Weigh-in Tournaments
Live-Release Policy
Weigh-in tournaments must have a live-release
policy that serves as an incentive for anglers to keep
their catch alive and healthy. The vast majority of
tournament-caught bass that die are a result of stress
from (1) angler negligence and (2) inadequate livewell
systems. Therefore, it is essential to have a dead-fish
penalty system and to require aerated livewells. In
the second part of this publication alternatives to the
standard aerated livewell rule and dead-fish penalty
are suggested.


Procedures for Handling Fish at Weigh-in

At any tournament with a weigh-in, fish must be
moved from the boat livewells to the scales, weighed,
and released. This is critical portion of the tourna-
ment, because typically several "steps" are included
in the weigh-in procedure. At each step, the fish are
stressed by additional handling and are held out of
desirable conditions. Obviously, fish should be han-
dled quickly, gently, and only when essential and
returned to desirable conditions as soon as possible.
ITransporting Fish to the Weigh-in Station The
fish should be transported from the boat livewell to the
first station of the weigh-in in water-filled, plastic
bags or mesh bags. If plastic bags are used, provide
heavy duty bags so that the fish cannot puncture the
bag and the bag will not tear when filled with fish and
water. Have plenty of bags available and encourage
the anglers to put at least three gallons of well-
aerated water and no more than 10 pounds of fish in
each bag. (Hint: get a sponsor to buy your bags; the
sponsor's name or logo printed on the bag at very
modest cost is good advertising.) If mesh bags are
used, select woven knotlesss) nylon mesh bags with
1/4-or 3/8-inch mesh. Treating these mesh bags with a
plastic net coating makes the bags last longer, dry
more quickly and with less odor, and, most important-
ly, facilitates removal of the fish from the bags.
A tank of water, with water temperature main-
tained at a desirable level, must be available to im-
merse the fish-filled bags while the contestants await
weigh-in. If plastic bags are used, this tank of water is
used to suspend the plastic bag and prevent rapid
warming or cooling of the fish. If mesh bags are used,
the water in this tank should be well aerated. Aera-
tion and temperature control are discussed below (see
"Fish Holding Thnk").
Fish Judging Station Because a penalty or
bonus is assessed for dead fish or live fish, respectively,
each contestant's catch must be inspected for number
of dead and live fish. This is also a convenient time to
check the size of the fish if a size limit has been im-
posed. Numerous alternatives are possible for inspect-
ing and judging fish. The best one I have seen is an
open-top box with an outlet at one end (Figure 1). The
box is operated by pouring fish from the bag into the
box, quickly counting the live and dead fish and check-
ing the size of small fish, then sliding the fish through
the outlet into a container (mesh bag, plastic con-
tainer) for immediate weighing. The box can be of any


1Schramm, H.L., Jr. 1985. Keeping your catch alive. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Circular 691.
* Harold L. Schramm, Jr. is Assistant Professor and Fisheries Science Specialist, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, School of Forest
Resources and Conservation, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville.






















2 FEET
Figure 1. Live Release box.


size desired. The vertical sides of the box should be at
least 8 inches high to prevent fish from jumping out.
Legs can be installed to elevate the box to a height
comfortable for the person judging the fish. The box
can be made of a variety of materials, but the bottom
surface should be smooth and level with the outlet to
minimize abrasion or scale loss to the fish. The bottom
surface of the box should be kept wet; do not drill drain
holes. All fish should be handled with wet hands.
Fish Weighing A variety of suitably accurate
scales are available for weighing fish. Use a direct
reading scale; they provide a weight reading more
quickly than a balance. "Instantaneous weight"
scales are ideal for weighing live fish. These scales,
however, are expensive and require a 110 V AC power
supply. Weighing fish in mesh bags is quicker and less
injurious to the fish, because they move less in the
mesh bag than in a basket or bucket. Simultaneously
using several mesh bags can expedite a weigh-in. The
bags can be adjusted to equal weight by first soaking
the bags in water and then sewing an appropriate
weight of stainless steel washers to each bag.


-- AIR LINE


Holding Fish In general, it is better to return fish
to the lake or river immediately after weighing. When
this is not desired, or if good water for releasing fish is
not close by, the fish should be held in a large volume of
clean, well aerated, cool water. Use water from the
lake or river where the fish were caught. Commer-
cially-available fish transport tanks make good
holding tanks. Custom holding tanks can be made to
specifications by aluminum or fiberglass fabricators.
Tanks can be made of wood. The following factors
should be considered in the design or selection of a
holding tank:
1. the tank should have smooth interior walls with
no obstructions to trap or injure the fish;
2. the tank should be able to hold one gallon of
water per pound of fish;
3. the tank should have easily operated hatches to
prevent fish from jumping out of the tank and
allow quick opening and closing for introduction
and removal of fish;
4. the tank should have a completely removable top
with several small, hinged hatches;
5. the tank should not be more than 4 feet high and
water depth should be less than 3 1/2 feet; and
6. the tank should have a 1 1/2 inch or larger drain
(1/2 inch mesh screen attached to the inner tank
wall will prevent fish from becoming trapped in
the drain).
Adequate aeration of holding tank water is essen-
tial. Aeration is most efficiently and economically
accomplished by a compressed oxygen-diffuser
system. Diffusers can be made of porous plastic pipe
and PVC pipe. The porous plastic pipe can be
cemented to standard, 1-inch PVC pipe and fittings
with PVC cement to make a diffuser manifold. For a
large holding tank, construct two manifolds to fit
length-wise in the tank (figure 2). Install these
manifolds parallel to each other. The diffuser


AIR LINE-
MALE FITTING-
ENDCAP-
PVC COUPLER-


TOP VIEW OXYGEN DIFFUSER
(TOP REMOVED) MANIFOLD
Figure 2. Fish holding tank and oxygen diffuser manifold.








manifolds should be weighted or, preferably, fastened
in place to the tank bottom they will become very
buoyant when the air is turned on. Only a small
amount of porous pipe is necessary. Use 6 to 12 inch
lengths of porous pipe interspersed with PVC pipe.
Install about 1 foot of porous pipe for every 100 gallons
of water the tank will hold. Each manifold can be con-
nected to an airline by drilling and tapping a PVC end
cap to accept a threaded male airline fitting. A single
stage regulator connected to the oxygen cylinder is
used to regulate air flow. A valved "Y" allows connec-
tion of two manifolds to one regulator. Adjust the air
flow so that a thin curtain of air rises from the porous
pipe. Tb prevent damage to the regulator, fittings and
plastic pipe connections, close the regulator complete-
ly (turn the T-handle all the way out) and open any
inline valves completely before opening the cylinder
valve. Open the valve on top of the oxygen cylinder,
then slowly open the regulator to achieve desired air
flow (usually about 5-15 psi). If using two manifolds,
equalize the air flow to each manifold with the "Y"
valve or inline valves.
Temperature control is important because water
temperature affects the fish metabolism, affects the
oxygen content of the water, and can significantly
stress the fish. The tank water temperature should not
exceed 85 F. If the lake water temperature is below
75 F., the tank water temperature should be the same
as the temperature of the lake water. If the lake water
temperature is 75-90 "F, it is desirable to keep the tank
water temperature 5 F cooler than the lake water.
Plenty of block ice should be available to maintain con-
stant, desirable water temperatures.
Use of live well additives is a popular practice among
many tournament fishermen and these additives are
occasionally used in holding tanks at tournaments.
Use of these commercially available formulations is
not recommended. Chemicals contained in these
livewell additives are not approved by the US Food
and Drug Administration for use on food fish.
Although your intention is to release all fish alive,
some will die and these fish are typically given to peo-
ple who plan to clean and eat the fish. Similarly, fish
anesthetics should not be used. Use of salt is recom-
mended. Salt reduces stress to the fish and stimulates
mucus secretion. Sea salt is preferred, but rock salt or
uniodized table salt is effective. Salt should be added
to the holding tank at a rate of 0.5% (0.7 ounces of salt
per gallon of water).
Fish in a tank will excrete waste products. At a high
density of fish, the waste products can increase to
stressful concentrations. The simple way to prevent
this is to release the fish as soon as possible. At high
density (1 pound of fish per gallon of water) the fish
should be released in two hours or less.


Releasing Fish
Fish should be released as soon as possible at a loca-
tion where they have immediate access to deep, cool
water with good water quality. Research has shown
that healthy, unstressed tournament-caught bass will
move great distances after release. Stressed bass,
however, will seek desirable water conditions but
often remain in the area where released. To maximize
the chances of fish survival, release them directly into
water with the best possible conditions. It is difficult to
provide a useful definition of "good water quality",
because tournaments are held on diverse waters and,
with the exception of temperature, a tournament
group would likely not have access to the instruments
used to measure water quality parameters. In lieu of a
definition, the following guidelines may be useful for
selecting a release site with good water quality:
1. release fish into the least turbid water available;
2. do not release fish into areas with low water cir-
culation (for example, small bays, areas of dense
aquatic plants, canals, etc.);
3. do not release fish into areas with organic
matter suspended in the water;
4. do not release fish into busy, public use areas;
5. do not release fish into water discharged from
power plants water treatment facilities, or
industries; and
6. do not release fish into areas affected by storm
runoff, marsh drainage, or watershed alteration.
Do not release weak or injured fish. Because some
post-release mortality is to be expected, even of fish
that appear healthy, fish should be released into areas
where dead fish will not be readily conspicuous or
create a nuisance.
On some waters it may be necessary to transport the
fish to a release site with deep, cool, good quality
water. When this situation occurs, a boat (or a truck, if
overland transport is more practical) equipped with an
aerated fish holding tank is needed. Alternatively,
have the contestants assist you. After a contestant's
fish are weighed, return the live fish to the contestant
and inform him or her where to release the fish. A
check boat at the release site can observe the release of
the fish. A bonus-penalty system can be used to
enhance compliance.

Tournament Site Selection
The water to be fished and the weigh-in site are two
important considerations that can strongly affect the
mortality rate of tournament-caught fish. Avoid
waters with a history of fish kills during times of the
year when these die-offs are known to occur. Schedule
tournaments during the cooler seasons and do not con-
duct tournaments on waters with water temperatures
exceeding 90 F. Avoid lakes or rivers where most bass
are caught in water deeper than 30 feet.








Select a tournament weigh-in site immediately adja-
cent to good-quality water. This will facilitate live
release of the fish after weighing, and will provide a
source of good quality water for anglers fishing from
boats with livewell systems that rely solely on the
input of outside water for aeration. The weigh-in site
should be in a shaded area to facilitate temperature
control of holding tank water.
Organization
All rules and procedures should be clearly and suc-
cinctly stated. Printed copies of these rules and pro-
cedures should be distributed to each contestant.
Announce your weigh-in procedures before the start of
the tournament and at the end of the fishing day
before the weigh-in commences. It is important that
the fish be out of aerated holding facilities for the
shortest time possible. Tb avoid contestants waiting in
line with fish in bags, tell the contestants when to bag
their fish and bring them for weigh-in. Arrange your
weigh-in site so that contestants can quickly move
their fish from the boat livewell to the weigh-in
facilities.
Have plenty of people to work. Under the most
organized conditions for a tournament with 40 to 60
boats, at least eight people are required: two people to
distribute bags and keep contestants coming to the
scales, one person to keep the contestants organized at
the weigh-in stations, one person judging size and live-
dead, one person reading the scale, one person record-
ing data, and two people releasing fish. Additional
workers are desirable. All people assisting with the
tournament should be fully cognizant of all rules and
procedures.

Alernatives To Weigh-in Tournaments
The above guidelines will help tournament organizers
attain high survival of tournament-caught fish.
Research on survival of tournament-caught
largemouth bass indicates, in properly conducted tour-
naments, that mortality of the fish is primarily the
result of the improper design and use of boat livewells.
Therefore any procedure that results in use of better
livewell facilities, provides incentive to properly main-
tain and use a livewell system, reduces the number of
fish held in a livewell, and reduces the time fish are
held in the livewell will increase the survival of
tournament-caught fish.
The following alternatives to the standard "fish for 9
hours and weigh your fish" tournaments may improve
the live-release rate of tournament-caught bass. The
ideas presented here have been collected from a varie-
ty of sources including state agency fisheries
biologists, bass fishing clubs, and individual
fishermen. All these alternatives certainly would not


be implemented in every tournament, and this list is
undoubtly far from complete. These alternatives are
presented for your consideration to improve the sur-
vival of tournament-caught bass in your next tourna-
ment.

Dead Fish Penalty Most tournaments impose a
dead fish penalty (typically 2 ounces is subtracted
from the total weight for each fish weighed in dead) as
an incentive to participating anglers to maintain their
catch alive. Higher penalties may provide a stronger
incentive; however, higher penalties inappropriately
penalize the conscientious angler who only occa-
sionally will weigh in a fish that died due to a hooking
injury. An incremental (sliding scale), dead-fish penal-
ty may provide a stronger incentive to the anglers. For
example, one dead fish receives a 2-ounce penalty, the
second dead fish receives a penalty of 4 ounces (6
ounces total penalty for the two dead fish), and the
third dead fish receives a penalty of 6 ounces (12
ounces total penalty for the three dead fish), etc.
Do not impose a "live fish only" rule. This
encourages anglers to replace dead fish with live fish
and can result in removal of more fish from the lake or
river than would normally result for the usually low
rate of mortality resulting from your tournament. On
the other hand, a rule allowing the culling of live fish
only would keep the mortality of tournament-caught
fish at a minimum.

Functional Livewell Rule Require an aerated
livewell; it is impossible to maintain fish alive without
one. However, areated livewells do little to insure sur-
vival of fish if the livewell is too small, has a poorly
designed water circulation system, if the aeration
system fails and there is no back-up system, or if the
anglers are unaware of, or negligent in, the proper use
of a livewell. An appropriate dead-fish penalty will
provide some incentive to the anglers to properly
maintain and use their boat livewell. Rather than
simply requiring an arerated livewell, require a
minimum total livewell volume. As a rule of thumb,
total livewell capacity should be at least 1 gallon of
water for 2 pounds of fish. If your tournament is held
on a lake where the two anglers in a boat may catch 30
pounds of bass, the minimum permissible total
livewell volume would be 15 gallons for each boat. This
rule should not deter anglers from fishing, because an
accessory livewell can be built for any boat from a
48-quart or larger cooler and a bilge pump2. Rather
than require a boat simply to have an aerated livewell,
require boats to have functional livewell aeration
systems. Livewell operation can be checked before the
anglers leave the launch site. Livewell pump failure
does occur, but it is not an acceptable excuse for


2Schramm, H.L., Jr. 1985. Keeping your catch alive. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Circular 691.








weighing dead bass. Back-up livewell recirculation-
aeration systems are commercially available or can be
installed at low cost. It may be desirable on some
waters to require contestants to have a back-up
livewell aeration system. At the very least, require
each contestant's boat to have a bailing device. This is
a US Coast Guard requirement on some waters. The
bailing device can be used to supply fresh water to a
livewell if the pump fails.


Reduced Limit A reduced limit can promote sur-
vival of the fish because fewer fish are held in a
livewell and eventually processed at weigh-in. Fewer
fish in the livewell results in better water circulation,
decreased rate of oxygen consumption, and decreased
rate of accumulation of toxic waste products. The
reduced limit increases the probability that con-
testants will catch a limit of fish early in the tourna-
ment. When additional fish are caught they are re-
leased immediately or a smaller fish is culled from the
livewell and released. Whatever the tournament catch
limit is, it should be clearly stated and enforced that
this is the maximum number of fish that can be in the
boat at any time (except immediately after the limit-
plus-one fish is caught). A reduced limit accomplishes
little if a large number of fish are held in the livewell
all day and a tournament-limit of bass is culled from
the livewell at the end of the day.


Size Limit On some lakes a larger minimum size
limit may be an effective way to reduce the number of
fish in the livewell. A form of size limit is a number-by-
size limit. For example, the tournament limit may be
six fish per angler, 12 inch minimum size limit, and
only three fish may be smaller than 15 inches.


Total Length Rather Than Weight If all boats
contain identical measuring boards, fish can be
measured to the nearest 1/4 or 1/2 inch, witnessed by
the other angler in the boat and released immediately.
Best catch can be based on the sum of length
measurements. If desired, length measurements can be
converted to weights on a small calculator.
Appropriate weight-length relationships can be
obtained from regional fisheries biologists. It may be
desirable to use a combination of measure-release and
weigh-in. For example, each angler may keep the
largest one or two bass caught in the livewell for
weigh-in and measure and release all other bass. The
total weight is equal to the lengths of released fish con-
verted to weights plus the weight of the fish weighed-
in.


On-Water Weigh-in Weighing fish at a conve-
nient, on-water site can facilitate the release of the fish
after weigh-in and possibly help organize the anglers.
Having this facility available to the anglers
throughout the day could also improve survival rate of
the bass because of the shorter average in-livewell
time. A higher dead-fish penalty or an early weigh-in
bonus may be necessary to provide incentive to the
anglers to weigh their fish throughout the day.




SUMMARY

Procedures and facilities used by individuals or
groups conducting a bass tournament can affect the
survival of tournament-caught fish. This circular
presents guidelines and suggestions for conducting
tournaments to insure the maximum survival of
tournament-caught fish. Important considerations to
attain maximum survival of tournament-caught fish
in weigh-in tournaments include:

1. A live release policy enforced by a dead fish
penalty and requiring all boats to have a func-
tional aerated livewell;
2. handling the fish at weigh-in as gently, and as lit-
tle as possible, and returning the fish to desirable
water conditions as soon as possible;
3. design and use offish holding facilities to insure
fish are held under the best possible conditions to
insure survival;
4. selection of desirable fish-release sites;
5. selection of tournament sites; and
6. the importance of a well organized group of peo-
ple conducting the tournament to insure all
necessary information is collected and the fish
are kept out of desirable conditions for the
shortest time possible.

In properly organized and conducted tournaments,
the mortality of the fish is largely a result of
the angler negligence and improperly designed
livewells. Some of the alternatives to the standardized
weigh-in tournaments that will reduce angler-caused
mortality include:

1. alternative dead-fish penalties;
2. require functional livewells;
3. reduced number limits;
4. higher size limits;
5. ranking catches by length or a combination of
length and weight; and
6. on water weigh-in.








SOURCES FOR MATERIALS
The following list provides information about where to lease or purchase necessary materials. Inclusion of a vendor on this list is
not an endorsement; other vendors are likely available for each item.


Item
Fiberglass transport tank



Plastic net coat
Nylon mesh bags
(can be ordered
already net coated)

Oxygen cylinder,
80 cubic feet

Regulator
"Y" valve
Airline with couplers
Porous plastic pipe


Sea salt
Rock salt


Source
Memphis Net & Twine Co., Inc.
2481 Matthews Avenue
P.O. Box 8331
Memphis, TN 38108
Memphis Net & Twine Co., Inc.
Nylon Net Co.
7 Vance Avenue
P.O. Box 592
Memphis, TN 38101
Welding Supplier


Welding Supplier
Welding Supplier
Welding Supplier
AREA
P.O. Box 1303
Homestead, FL 33090
Aquarium/Tropical Fish Supplier
Farm Supplier


Approximate
Cost
$600- $850



$32/5 gal.
$51/doz.



Purchase $130
Lease $1-3
Tank fill $11
$65
$19
$0.70/ft.
$17/3 ft.
section

$17/16 Ib bag
$5/80 Ib bag


REFERENCES

Carmichael, G.J., J.R. Tomasso, B.A. Simco, and K.B. Davis. 1984. Characterization and alleviation of
stress associated with handling largemouth bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
113:778-785.
Clugston, J.P. 1973. The effects of heated effluents from a nuclear reactor on species diversity, abundance,
reproduction and movement of fish. Doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
Coutant, C.C. 1975. Temperature selection by fish -- a factor in powerplant impact assessments. Pages
575-597 in Environmental effects of cooling systems at nuclear power plants. The International
Atomic Energy Agency.
Hart, J.S. 1952. Geographic variations in some physiological and morphological characters in certain
freshwater fish. University of Toronto, Biological Series No. 60.
Schramm, H.L. Jr., P.J. Haydt, and N.A. Bruno. 1985. Survival of tournament-caught largemouth bass in
two Florida lakes. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 5:606-611.








































































This publication was promulgated at a cost of $792.00, or 40 cents per copy, to inform bass fishermen, fishing clubs,
and organizations sponsoring bass tournaments about procedures for keeping bass alive and in good condition for release
during tournaments. 4-2M-86



COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertlller, director, In cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Infor-
matlon to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and Is authorized to provide research, educa-
tlonal Information and other services only to Individuals and Institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or
national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers Is available from
C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this
publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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'2012-04-03T19:06:14-04:00'
describe
'861740' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGL-norm-0' 'ARCHIVE' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAGL-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
'2015-05-15T18:12:58-04:00'
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:44-04:00'
normalize
'7103' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGM' 'sip-files00001.pro'
aeced41b42563ab5511d86daa083c3cc
6806c5fc7b24a50fda3a1a429c1830e9fe073c3c
'2012-04-03T19:06:13-04:00'
describe
'48154' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGN' 'sip-files00001.QC.jpg'
60de9d86b61caa58adbd13b69e7277aa
2f2541a2f0f407d0a550d4b744a7ac231f6b49ba
'2012-04-03T19:06:17-04:00'
describe
'23907008' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGO' 'sip-files00001.tif'
219df77f7611fc81eccf65a78848a842
c1da676453cd63f6df50fb24833e081c746b4cdd
'2012-04-03T19:06:02-04:00'
describe
'294' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGP' 'sip-files00001.txt'
e9706b6d94087abd8d0b9d65bb4e6cbd
e2460b120b99d51e7ed5cca07b6d75bebe0b934f
describe
'28217' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGQ' 'sip-files00001thm.jpg'
9e9a64deb84bcefbbcfee888c97961f1
a1a9909937f7e6e2388398a059b2da8aaf4d9291
describe
'967356' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGR' 'sip-files00002.jp2'
96b136d01204a3bf3b4548bfd125e1ed
3a7c94f0b3b236b30d04e24cc9439e9fcfe361d7
describe
'227869' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGS' 'sip-files00002.jpg'
ba11dff67b48bc93c2b00f1e8bbf3d3c
8445c8c1491f5adca01938ea7d202325516ae52d
'2012-04-03T19:06:24-04:00'
describe
'901621' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGT' 'sip-files00002.pdf'
3236fa18c94cc231d7907d9343235a51
2b16a5dc1a23379238b23bbdc1d2cc01e728e33a
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGT-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAGT-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
'2015-05-15T18:12:59-04:00'
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:41-04:00'
normalize
'146449' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGU' 'sip-files00002.pro'
ff957e05d3854ef90d0b0f3230ed813b
6d6e158efb3c8ec2b2f30794170c408572e3a51f
'2012-04-03T19:06:27-04:00'
describe
'75777' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGV' 'sip-files00002.QC.jpg'
a8719735872236ce9b8fa126ef29f579
6b20c5ace428a8e1068bbb2e7b5820a68bde4f18
'2012-04-03T19:06:16-04:00'
describe
'7765036' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGW' 'sip-files00002.tif'
0d37733a7b0e9de0d63b0aeab07e9f16
5414586ac687862bd8b6204e0d0d1e40c5d9975c
describe
'5622' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGX' 'sip-files00002.txt'
0ea0eb544c22813e3c51e03e29523559
a9b7d783dc30b8f4af47a737c6ac6ab923565557
describe
'37054' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGY' 'sip-files00002thm.jpg'
e0cfc0bb3fc844ac8f70c0b3b6cd4a40
6fc840fb6a0924a992a84116d87c9bbd62ba24b6
'2012-04-03T19:06:21-04:00'
describe
'178743' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAGZ' 'sip-files00003.jp2'
c383ffb0929282309007f97bd340f18d
34269e5266d63759c0b0b1c05026df518a4897c6
'2012-04-03T19:06:25-04:00'
describe
'173707' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHA' 'sip-files00003.jpg'
7fc0626730ab1dfba8c43d5b5a20c4c3
b032ece87d47308378aaecba6c22f986c560cea7
describe
'79246' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHB' 'sip-files00003.pdf'
37940a89abbc1edf4ab08f86f458a6c7
7d09002e46d03043e48d3ee8c0f34164df8e33b3
'2012-04-03T19:06:05-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHB-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAHB-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:35-04:00'
normalize
'83888' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHC' 'sip-files00003.pro'
9d0812ae19f34172181e3504fa803257
50dc39cfd5d7ed8b022e2fa9dd882511490f5e0b
'2012-04-03T19:06:04-04:00'
describe
'67388' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHD' 'sip-files00003.QC.jpg'
4dce254826f028a15b59d8feea42c97e
0ca0b149c4a550925ccd90b22356c3385c04056e
'2012-04-03T19:06:10-04:00'
describe
'1007108' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHE' 'sip-files00003.tif'
79e9169ca6c4a45531a5c56b54c6c2f2
8dff524d77c8c0fbe778a6a3d727071b9e687e53
'2012-04-03T19:05:59-04:00'
describe
'3512' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHF' 'sip-files00003.txt'
cf68c4b7717ac958008649835bf19bfd
a5dc6e879510fc4908ff5510417f13dd94e942b6
describe
'39184' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHG' 'sip-files00003thm.jpg'
13afe83fa8ccedde54c09841a7cfe8be
158e4fe1349c01e4c10ce0ce4b8add1845f2d9a8
'2012-04-03T19:06:07-04:00'
describe
'258092' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHH' 'sip-files00004.jp2'
89ab924b0536061e61b19fd98af41032
468f288793e7c534dd0da49e19fc35fd700dbea3
describe
'235828' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHI' 'sip-files00004.jpg'
a0209ff57f4bde40de3ea1c07e4c8d11
090b75ba45d5736426767db4943e5980edb8f060
'2012-04-03T19:06:11-04:00'
describe
'117224' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHJ' 'sip-files00004.pdf'
8076fc00d99c95822ad5fcfb646ab875
e26b7a882b1b2f745bb68f1b7352cad1460d019d
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHJ-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAHJ-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:52-04:00'
normalize
'147264' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHK' 'sip-files00004.pro'
56c1098acc8c36164a88be4ecb2f0b85
eaadca2bd4d22b1e8a25c81213b113153925f900
'2012-04-03T19:06:06-04:00'
describe
'81311' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHL' 'sip-files00004.QC.jpg'
0cde0f9d533e1608e41d8b9f1f6b7adf
34781b83a24e8cde2893b78a2c1f0c257fa96e6a
describe
'1011048' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHM' 'sip-files00004.tif'
fd4468e7dd011497575882c2e0c02f46
dd7d69812a50f058e14c7e035f6aca64f16d92bf
describe
'5721' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHN' 'sip-files00004.txt'
e7a9b303df0c4ee1e1fd47473635bf18
214b9b5b4af696681a31536cf6cbcb4cdfa9760a
'2012-04-03T19:06:19-04:00'
describe
WARNING CODE 'Daitss::Anomaly' Invalid character
'44318' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHO' 'sip-files00004thm.jpg'
c58cb21b453fbca576036e9d93925058
ad90024a131211172943ef6d35e5cd2b6e79d004
'2012-04-03T19:06:09-04:00'
describe
'257571' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHP' 'sip-files00005.jp2'
9fed2452cd5f08d67af5f5bfe78031b1
6d86c15a9b8868235e58b2d5ad8cfad5d062c95e
'2012-04-03T19:06:20-04:00'
describe
'235274' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHQ' 'sip-files00005.jpg'
d2ef682eec7a90a069ee4b87408926bb
ceaf4f8deac08e7fb262a29659c80349617397f7
'2012-04-03T19:06:18-04:00'
describe
'115191' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHR' 'sip-files00005.pdf'
fe55b3d94cc59a54821b35cd4582a332
3d5e48a8a43c0c77659ec7fb0a6ee4e055456eb5
'2012-04-03T19:06:12-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHR-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAHR-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:39-04:00'
normalize
'147534' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHS' 'sip-files00005.pro'
ff0c58e9c38a08d303c3baf3cf27f9b4
cf2b0167261d7df2ac4909ba90c0afccc406d1a6
describe
'81981' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHT' 'sip-files00005.QC.jpg'
7f82c76360155bd6ef5f9c34e4d1e7e3
5870cd5f1e5ee87737eee81a01e9e37bd3086fd2
describe
'1011444' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHU' 'sip-files00005.tif'
5d493a0ac6088c6ed5caf450e90ea73e
e811b34e13b2383b19cb8df43e480b8cc4979a3d
'2012-04-03T19:06:00-04:00'
describe
'5776' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHV' 'sip-files00005.txt'
a6df39698ce493cbd5ed64f327424065
cef6e4664efd70fd059d9b19984c6a7862cf1c6d
describe
'44695' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHW' 'sip-files00005thm.jpg'
a1bfad31208d980d8f299c1d20dd8675
9a22eb41a9480f39030fb2369dd8cfd893d4ce34
'2012-04-03T19:06:08-04:00'
describe
'219812' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHX' 'sip-files00006.jp2'
edf7b915c2905432f30c2f5c0bc1d555
ea85446db83881de0b04fad074ae3f346e24c2bb
describe
'202104' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHY' 'sip-files00006.jpg'
10341de3441e8a8e8e27dbef3fd89c2e
09e07c6e479fba7e264813c41913d1f563bc5250
describe
'96347' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHZ' 'sip-files00006.pdf'
e27a87a7abcfa43e379ffafbedb84a6f
44dd2d9cb2bbb83689e445a10211b38e54a8dce6
'2012-04-03T19:06:26-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAHZ-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAHZ-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:56-04:00'
normalize
'119938' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIA' 'sip-files00006.pro'
2448a93b310991e74a4e6652bfc3f00d
9e28389a09d187d79426805d6721c78736310d7c
'2012-04-03T19:06:22-04:00'
describe
'73289' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIB' 'sip-files00006.QC.jpg'
9a32f51a1f7cf9ef3780bc7166750a3e
e8db4a8062a7c75ad5386ae0ff46abc1da139f42
describe
'1008584' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIC' 'sip-files00006.tif'
f115c6f81301e31fc928ea92d74c5476
2932d04501788a060a64d1bce8b554fa73f1e233
describe
'4823' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAID' 'sip-files00006.txt'
97ea07a5ba3cdc550ab2010e9d7a2a49
4068a37cb60879dcb81399cf6480c9ee178b5b1b
describe
'41422' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIE' 'sip-files00006thm.jpg'
08899f7d0b5fe6d0b2c3d825b3f607d8
69f89582afe3716d71cf90a6be0bc80c41fcf90a
describe
'103932' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIF' 'sip-files00007.jp2'
b5860f4dd0ae4c307cf93500908b19cf
a89acfcbc1c9bb10aa40c262f05dabc6afeee96a
describe
'102239' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIG' 'sip-files00007.jpg'
203464d7ed2c772bdbe3f92aa784711f
8fd66f3a20be02f05dd1cf1f9a7d46f19a945e7f
describe
'43137' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIH' 'sip-files00007.pdf'
a0f28d433367911f71cc21310582c925
102f92a40018cf1c624b17421544c4fcf74ac1a6
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIH-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAIH-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:47-04:00'
normalize
'52975' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAII' 'sip-files00007.pro'
55f1e4ca4614b80805813ccab06a8a1a
7ad182c1719536813bf4b70a479e41bbfd293762
describe
'43562' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIJ' 'sip-files00007.QC.jpg'
c16be090ac4a00709ec440d05961499c
0e709f6118a38bf4e1e5440a3d6151e7f220bfc8
describe
'997072' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIK' 'sip-files00007.tif'
967055be63ffcf619789e92be9d08bf5
31af4f95a467e0afdb4172370f1920833586b095
describe
'2222' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIL' 'sip-files00007.txt'
693647aa8ae2409d6b96eb0fcc098ebe
c54a756257271f2f6373b2d0054eceb9727da90a
describe
'26096' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIM' 'sip-files00007thm.jpg'
46a994be69d02a81d7aaaabc82001dbf
26e23c7d0ad2b45f6b78f07ed5f9a241c6243ad7
describe
'46408' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIN' 'sip-files00008.jp2'
76871811b69e71e23fc1a36306906ffc
191b6f9acdf064222fb6e6e4f7e2695daeecae40
describe
'48324' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIO' 'sip-files00008.jpg'
7eb86b67379145e838038d7997e2edee
9c2b836324b8714eb132e990b78bf6337f735165
describe
'22674' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIP' 'sip-files00008.pdf'
3d3cedff098a8df0cf3c8b989eca0329
35ab41672750a64fa2f19bd2567080ca16035645
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIP-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AAEAIP-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T18:12:54-04:00'
normalize
'34910' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIQ' 'sip-files00008.pro'
a01239e77b030f81aef2867c2bb8e922
bf16c50849a0ed3b88a5456271355017fc8f57fe
describe
'22305' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIR' 'sip-files00008.QC.jpg'
9838783e17f3031028cbb2358ef34f14
087640b6cf8e3b7884305dcd01bf85f8ee820b6b
describe
'989496' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIS' 'sip-files00008.tif'
eaf2cb3940b7c12579e3875d3d68523e
34739a21c82d7d6a36565f7fc4091cf531b23e42
describe
'1367' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIT' 'sip-files00008.txt'
a2c62055beb5192347fe3b6f8f88a503
881f3bf3591982e00e8755215faf78167078d3ad
describe
'15159' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIU' 'sip-files00008thm.jpg'
da6a5e20dc823c3686cbf72d4fa0d46c
8b499de443ff5c784d66c03230a9e7286827dc8a
describe
'27' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIV' 'sip-filesINDEX.DAT'
cbb97069ef9eea411f45512b72ce239f
512ac5a368d1f6b1241ff80ef7f243599b55295e
describe
'13082' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIW' 'sip-filesUF00014468.xml'
7199023d41dc9e24f2c1618c9102b3a1
f3de6106dc1d0bee2102c9e0fec2c0cff6ac8526
describe
File not found
'2015-05-15T18:13:00-04:00'
xml resolution
File not found
File not found
'21458' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAIX' 'sip-filesUF00014468_00001.mets'
2d4ae156a9ea26699aaf5f40abe95db6
fc88c491cb04f8d0db51b614c2e274e0d95807b9
'2012-04-03T19:06:29-04:00'
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'mixed'
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
BROKEN_LINK schema http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "
".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'26580' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABYNfileF20090919_AAEAJA' 'sip-filesUF00014468_00001.xml'
58d63d1236aa9b2d3edf0dab0cda142d
9677990a1876058a5b5ff1a8f18f6b13139e394f
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.



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GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING LIVE-RELEASE BASS TOURNAMENTS Harold L. Schramm, Jr.* Bass tournaments are becoming an increasingly Procedures for Handling Fish at Weigh-in prevalent recreational use of our aquatic resources. On some waters, the number of angling hours exAt any tournament with a weigh-in, fish must be pended and the number of bass caught by tournament moved from the boat livewells to the scales, weighed, participants can exceed one-third of the total bass and released. This is critical portion of the tournafishing effort and catch in a given year. Because of the ment, because typically several "steps" are included increasing frequency of bass tournaments, there is a in the weigh-in procedure. At each step, the fish are hazard that competitive bass fishing could severely stressed by additional handling and are held out of reduce bass populations in our fishing waters. Dedesirable conditions. Obviously, fish should be hancreased abundance of bass results in decreased catch dled quickly, gently, and only when essential and rate of bass, fewer large bass caught, and undesirable returned to desirable conditions as soon as possible. changes in the entire fish community. ITransporting Fish to the Weigh-in Station -The Bass tournaments have been viewed with disdain fish should be transported from the boat livewell to the by many people. This is partly due to a lack of confirst station of the weigh-in in water-filled, plastic sideration by some tournament anglers for other bags or mesh bags. If plastic bags are used, provide people using the water and adjacent public areas heavy duty bags so that the fish cannot puncture the (parks, boat launch facilities, etc.). Most of the bag and the bag will not tear when filled with fish and negative sentiment, however, stems from the belief water. Have plenty of bags available and encourage that tournaments result in the removal of large the anglers to put at least three gallons of wellnumbers of bass from a lake or river, aerated water and no more than 10 pounds of fish in Awareness of these problems has resulted in the each bag. (Hint: get a sponsor to buy your bags; the increasing prevalence of live-release tournaments, sponsor's name or logo printed on the bag at very Well-organized tournaments with desirable fish modest cost is good advertising.) If mesh bags are handling procedures and with the participating used, select woven (knotless) nylon mesh bags with anglers skilled at maintaining their catch alive can 1/4-or 3/8-inch mesh. T'eating these mesh bags with a achieve greater than 90% live release of tournamentplastic net coating makes the bags last longer, dry caught fish. A previous publication1 provided informamore quickly and with less odor, and, most importanttion useful to anglers to maximize the survival of the ly, facilitates removal of the fish from the bags. fish they catch. The purpose of this publication is to A tank of water, with water temperature mainprovide information on fish handling procedures to tained at a desirable level, must be available to imgroups and individuals conducting tournments so merse the fish-filled bags while the contestants await that high survival rates of tournament-caught fish weigh-in. If plastic bags are used, this tank of water is can be achieved. The first part of this circular used to suspend the plastic bag and prevent rapid discusses desirable procedures for conducting tourwarming or cooling of the fish. If mesh bags are used, naments that end with a weigh-in and release. The the water in this tank should be well aerated. Aerasecond part of the circular discusses alternatives to tion and temperature control are discussed below (see the "weigh-in" tournaments. "Fish Holding Thnk"). Procedures for Weigh-in Tournaments Fish Judging Station -Because a penalty or bonus is assessed for dead fish or live fish, respectively, Live-Release Policy each contestant's catch must be inspected for number Weigh-in tournaments must have a live-release of dead and live fish. This is also a convenient time to policy that serves as an incentive for anglers to keep check the size of the fish if a size limit has been imtheir catch alive and healthy. The vast majority of posed. Numerous alternatives are possible for inspecttournament-caught bass that die are a result of stress ing and judging fish. The best one I have seen is an from (1) angler negligence and (2) inadequate livewell open-top box with an outlet at one end (Figure 1). The systems. Therefore, it is essential to have a dead-fish box is operated by pouring fish from the bag into the penalty system and to require aerated livewells. In box, quickly counting the live and dead fish and checkthe second part of this publication alternatives to the ing the size of small fish, then sliding the fish through standard aerated livewell rule and dead-fish penalty the outlet into a container (mesh bag, plastic conare suggested, tainer) for immediate weighing. The box can be of any 1Schramm, H.L., Jr. 1985. Keeping your catch alive. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Circular 691. * Harold L. Schramm, Jr. is Assistant Professor and Fisheries Science Specialist, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville. 2



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This publication was promulgated at a cost of $792.00, or 40 cents per copy, to inform bass fishermen, fishing clubs, and organizations sponsoring bass tournaments about procedures for keeping bass alive and in good condition for release during tournaments. 4-2M-86 COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertlller, director, In cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Informatlon to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and Is authorized to provide research, educational Information and other services only to Individuals and Institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers Is available from C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.



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Holding Fish -In general, it is better to return fish to the lake or river immediately after weighing. When this is not desired, or if good water for releasing fish is not close by, the fish should be held in a large volume of clean, well aerated, cool water. Use water from the / lake or river where the fish were caught. Commercially-available fish transport tanks make good "4,· holding tanks. Custom holding tanks can be made to / specifications by aluminum or fiberglass fabricators. Tanks can be made of wood. The following factors should be considered in the design or selection of a holding tank: "1. the tank should have smooth interior walls with 2 FEET no obstructions to trap or injure the fish; Figure 1. Live -Release box. 2. the tank should be able to hold one gallon of water per pound of fish; size desired. The vertical sides of the box should be at t oud s S., 3. the tank should have easily operated hatches to least 8 inches high to prevent fish from jumping out. .te tn shou hae eai opeate hathe prevent fish from jumping out of the tank and Legs can be installed to elevate the box to a height comfortable for the person judging the fish. The box allow quick opening and closing for introduction can be made of a variety of materials, but the bottom and removal of fish; surface should be smooth and level with the outlet to 4. the tank should have a completely removable top minimize abrasion or scale loss to the fish. The bottom with several small, hinged hatches; surface of the box should be kept wet; do not drill drain 5. the tank should not be more than 4 feet high and holes. All fish should be handled with wet hands. water depth should be less than 3 1/2 feet; and 6. the tank should have a 11/2 inch or larger drain Fish Weighing -A variety of suitably accurate (1/2 inch mesh screen attached to the inner tank scales are available for weighing fish. Use a direct wall will prevent fish from becoming trapped in reading scale; they provide a weight reading more the drain). quickly than a balance. "Instantaneous weight" Adequate aeration of holding tank water is essenscales are ideal for weighing live fish. These scales, tial. Aeration is most efficiently and economically however, are expensive and require a 110 V AC power accomplished by a compressed oxygen-diffuser supply. Weighing fish in mesh bags is quicker and less system. Diffusers can be made of porous plastic pipe injurious to the fish, because they move less in the and PVC pipe. The porous plastic pipe can be mesh bag than in a basket or bucket. Simultaneously cemented to standard, 1-inch PVC pipe and fittings using several mesh bags can expedite a weigh-in. The with PVC cement to make a diffuser manifold. For a bags can be adjusted to equal weight by first soaking large holding tank, construct two manifolds to fit the bags in water and then sewing an appropriate length-wise in the tank (figure 2). Install these weight of stainless steel washers to each bag. manifolds parallel to each other. The diffuser AIR LINE MALE FITTING -0 -AIR LINE ENDCAP---' REGULATORPVC COUPLER OXYGEN CYLINDER C YLINDR PVC PIPE OXYGEN -DIFFUSER MANIFOLD SA IF POROUS PIPE HINGED HATCH REMOVABLE TOP -4 FEET TOP VIEW OXYGEN DIFFUSER (TOP REMOVED) MANIFOLD Figure 2. Fish holding tank and oxygen diffuser manifold. 3



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SOURCES FOR MATERIALS The following list provides information about where to lease or purchase necessary materials. Inclusion of a vendor on this list is not an endorsement; other vendors are likely available for each item. Approximate Item Source Cost Fiberglass transport tank Memphis Net & Twine Co., Inc. $600$850 2481 Matthews Avenue P.O. Box 8331 Memphis, TN 38108 Plastic net coat Memphis Net & Twine Co., Inc. $32/5 gal. Nylon mesh bags Nylon Net Co. $51/doz. (can be ordered 7 Vance Avenue already net coated) P.O. Box 592 Memphis, TN 38101 Oxygen cylinder, Welding Supplier Purchase $130 80 cubic feet Lease $1-3 Tank fill $11 Regulator Welding Supplier $65 "Y" valve Welding Supplier $19 Airline with couplers Welding Supplier $0.70/ft. Porous plastic pipe AREA $17/3 ft. P.O. Box 1303 section Homestead, FL 33090 Sea salt Aquarium/Tropical Fish Supplier $17/16 Ib bag Rock salt Farm Supplier $5/80 Ib bag REFERENCES Carmichael, G.J., J.R. Tomasso, B.A. Simco, and K.B. Davis. 1984. Characterization and alleviation of stress associated with handling largemouth bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 113:778-785. Clugston, J.P. 1973. The effects of heated effluents from a nuclear reactor on species diversity, abundance, reproduction and movement of fish. Doctoral dissertation, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. Coutant, C.C. 1975. Temperature selection by fish -a factor in powerplant impact assessments. Pages 575-597 in Environmental effects of cooling systems at nuclear power plants. The International Atomic Energy Agency. Hart, J.S. 1952. Geographic variations in some physiological and morphological characters in certain freshwater fish. University of Toronto, Biological Series No. 60. Schramm, H.L. Jr., P.J. Haydt, and N.A. Bruno. 1985. Survival of tournament-caught largemouth bass in two Florida lakes. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 5:606-611. 7



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Select a tournament weigh-in site immediately adjabe implemented in every tournament, and this list is cent to good-quality water. This will facilitate live undoubtly far from complete. These alternatives are release of the fish after weighing, and will provide a presented for your consideration to improve the sursource of good quality water for anglers fishing from vival of tournament-caught bass in your next tournaboats with livewell systems that rely solely on the ment. input of outside water for aeration. The weigh-in site should be in a shaded area to facilitate temperature Dead Fish Penalty -Most tournaments impose a control of holding tank water. dead fish penalty (typically 2 ounces is subtracted from the total weight for each fish weighed in dead) as Organization an incentive to participating anglers to maintain their All rules and procedures should be clearly and succatch alive. Higher penalities may provide a stronger cinctly stated. Printed copies of these rules and proincentive; however, higher penalities inappropriately cedures should be distributed to each contestant.he conscientious angler who only occaAnnounce your weigh-in procedures before the start of sionally will weigh in a fish that died due to a hooking sionally will weigh in a fish that died due to a hooking the tournament and at the end of the fishing day injury. An incremental (sliding scale), dead-fish penalbefore the weigh-in commences. It is important that ty may provide a stronger incentive to the anglers. For the fish be out of aerated holding facilities for the example, one dead fish receives a 2-ounce penalty, the example, one dead fish receives a 2-ounce penalty, the shortest time possible. Tb avoid contestants waiting in second dead fish receives a penalty of 4 ounces (6 second dead fish receives a penalty of 4 ounces (6 line with fish in bags, tell the contestants when to bag ounces total penalty for the two dead fish), and the their fish and bring them for weigh-in. Arrange your third dead fish receives a penalty of 6 ounces (12 weigh-in site so that contestants can quickly move ounces total penalty for the three dead fish), etc. their fish from the boat livewell to the weigh-in Do not impose a "live fish only" rule. This facilities. encourages anglers to replace dead fish with live fish Have plenty of people to work. Under the most and can result in removal of more fish from the lake or organized conditions for a tournament with 40 to 60 river than would normally result for the usually low boats, at least eight people are required: two people to rate of mortality resulting from your tournament. On distribute bags and keep contestants coming to the the other hand, a rule allowing the culling of live fish scales, one person to keep the contestants organized at only would keep the mortality of tournament-caught the weigh-in stations, one person judging size and livefish at a minimum. dead, one person reading the scale, one person recording data, and two people releasing fish. Additional Functional Livewell Rule -Require an aerated workers are desirable. All people assisting with the livewell; it is impossible to maintain fish alive without tournament should be fully cognizant of all rules and one. However, areated livewells do little to insure surprocedures. vival of fish if the livewell is too small, has a poorly designed water circulation system, if the aeration Alernatives To Weigh-in Tournaments system fails and there is no back-up system, or if the The above guidelines will help tournament organizers anglers are unaware of, or negligent in, the proper use attain high survival of tournament-caught fish. of a livewell. An appropiate dead-fish penalty will Research on survival of tournament-caught provide some incentive to the anglers to properly largemouth bass indicates, in properly conducted tourmaintain and use their boat livewell. Rather than naments, that mortality of the fish is primarily the simply requiring an arerated livewell, require a result of the improper design and use of boat livewells. minimum total livewell volume. As a rule of thumb, Therefore any procedure that results in use of better total livewell capacity should be at least 1 gallon of livewell facilities, provides incentive to properly mainwater for 2 pounds of fish. If your tournament is held tain and use a livewell system, reduces the number of on a lake where the two anglers in a boat may catch 30 fish held in a livewell, and reduces the time fish are pounds of bass, the minimum permissible total held in the livewell will increase the survival of livewell volume would be 15 gallons for each boat. This tournament-caught fish. rule should not deter anglers from fishing, because an The following alternatives to the standard "fish for 9 accessory livewell can be built for any boat from a hours and weigh your fish" tournaments may improve 48-quart or larger cooler and a bilge pump2.Rather the live-release rate of tournament-caught bass. The than require a boat simply to have an aerated livewell, ideas presented here have been collected from a varierequire boats to have functional livewell aeration ty of sources including state agency fisheries systems. Livewell operation can be checked before the biologists, bass fishing clubs, and individual anglers leave the launch site. Livewell pump failure fishermen. All these alternatives certainly would not does occur, but it is not an acceptable excuse for 2Schramm, H.L., Jr. 1985. Keeping your catch alive. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Circular 691. 5



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Circular 708 HUMlE LI WAR ' GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING LIVE-RELEASE BAO NAMENTS Harold L. Schramm, Jr. Florida Cooperative Extension Service m Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences University of Floida a John T. Woeste, Dean


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weighing dead bass. Back-up livewell recirculationOn-Water Weigh-in -Weighing fish at a conveaeration systems are commercially available or can be nient, on-water site can facilitate the release of the fish installed at low cost. It may be desirable on some after weigh-in and possibly help organize the anglers. waters to require contestants to have a back-up Having this facility available to the anglers livewell aeration system. At the very least, require throughout the day could also improve survival rate of each contestant's boat to have a bailing device. This is the bass because of the shorter average in-livewell a US Coast Guard requirement on some waters. The time. A higher dead-fish penalty or an early weigh-in bailing device can be used to supply fresh water to a bonus may be necessary to provide incentive to the livewell if the pump fails. anglers to weigh their fish throughout the day. Reduced Limit -A reduced limit can promote survival of the fish because fewer fish are held in a livewell and eventually processed at weigh-in. Fewer SUMMARY fish in the livewell results in better water circulation, decreased rate of oxygen consumption, and decreased Procedures and facilities used by individuals or rate of accumulation of toxic waste products. The groups conducting a bass tournament can affect the reduced limit increases the probability that consurvival of tournament-caught fish. This circular testants will catch a limit of fish early in the tournapresents guidelines and suggestions for conducting ment. When additional fish are caught they are retournaments to insure the maximum survival of leased immediately or a smaller fish is culled from the tournament-caught fish. Important considerations to livewell and released. Whatever the tournament catch attain maximum survival of tournament-caught fish limit is, it should be clearly stated and enforced that in weigh-in tournaments include: this is the maximum number of fish that can be in the boat at any time (except immediately after the limit1. A live release policy enforced by a dead fish plus-one fish is caught). A reduced limit accomplishes penalty and requiring all boats to have a funclittle if a large number of fish are held in the livewell tional aerated livewell; all day and a tournament-limit of bass is culled from 2. handling the fish at weigh-in as gently, and as litthe livewell at the end of the day. tle as possible, and returning the fish to desirable water conditions as soon as possible; 3. design and use offish holding facilities to insure Size Limit -On some lakes a larger minimum size fish are held under the best possible conditions to limit may be an effective way to reduce the number of insure survival; fish in the livewell. A form of size limit is a number-by4. selection of desirable fish-release sites; size limit. For example, the tournament limit may be 5. selection of tournament sites; and six fish per angler, 12 inch minimum size limit, and 6. the importance of a well organized group of peoonly three fish may be smaller than 15 inches, ple conducting the tournament to insure all necessary information is collected and the fish are kept out of desirable conditions for the Total Length Rather Than Weight -If all boats shortest time possible. contain identical measuring boards, fish can be measured to the nearest 1/4 or 1/2 inch, witnessed by In properly organized and conducted tournaments, the other angler in the boat and released immediately, the mortality of the fish is largely a result of Best catch can be based on the sum of length the angler negligence and improperly designed measurements. If desired, length measurments can be livewells. Some of the alternatives to the standardized converted to weights on a small calculator, weigh-in tournaments that will reduce angler-caused Appropriate weight-length relationships can be mortality include: obtained from regional fisheries biologists. It may be desirable to use a combination of measure-release and 1. alternative dead-fish penalties; weigh-in. For example, each angler may keep the 2. require functional livewells; largest one or two bass caught in the livewell for 3. reduced number limits; weigh-in and measure and release all other bass. The 4. higher size limits; total weight is equal to the lengths of released fish con5. ranking catches by length or a combination of verted to weights plus the weight of the fish weighedlength and weight; and in. 6. on water weigh-in. 6



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manifolds should be weighted or, preferably, fastened Releasing Fish in place to the tank bottom -they will become very Fish should be released as soon as possible at a locabuoyant when the air is turned on. Only a small tion where they have immediate access to deep, cool amount of porous pipe is necessary. Use 6 to 12 inch water with good water quality. Research has shown lengths of porous pipe interspersed with PVC pipe. that healthy, unstressed tournament-caught bass will Install about 1 foot of porous pipe for every 100 gallons move great distances after release. Stressed bass, of water the tank will hold. Each manifold can be conhowever, will seek desirable water conditions but nected to an airline by drilling and tapping a PVC end often remain in the area where released. To maximize cap to accept a threaded male airline fitting. A single the chances of fish survival, release them directly into stage regulator connected to the oxygen cylinder is water with the best possible conditions. It is difficult to used to regulate air flow. A valved "Y" allows connecprovide a useful definition of "good water quality", tion of two manifolds to one regulator. Adjust the air because tournaments are held on diverse waters and, flow so that a thin curtain of air rises from the porous with the exception of temperature, a tournament pipe. Tb prevent damage to the regulator, fittings and group would likely not have access to the instruments plastic pipe connections, close the regulator completeused to measure water quality parameters. In lieu of a ly (turn the T-handle all the way out) and open any definition, the following guidelines may be useful for inline valves completely before opening the cyclinder selecting a release site with good water quality: valve. Open the valve on top of the oxygen cyclinder, 1. release fish into the least turbid water available; then slowly open the regulator to achieve desired air 2. do not release fish into areas with low water cirflow (usually about 5-15 psi). If using two manifolds, culation (for example, small bays, areas of dense equalize the air flow to each manifold with the "Y" aquatic plants, canals, etc.); valve or inline valves. 3. do not release fish into areas with organic Temperature control is important because water matter suspended in the water; temperature affects the fish metabolism, affects the 4. do not release fish into busy, public use areas; oxygen content of the water, and can significantly 5. do not release fish into water discharged from stress the fish. The tank water temperature should not power plants , water treatment facilities, or exceed 85 °F. If the lake water temperature is below industries; and 75 °F., the tank water temperature should be the same 6. do not release fish into areas affected by storm as the temperature of the lake water. If the lake water runoff, marsh drainage, or watershed alteration. temperature is 75-90 "F, it is desirable to keep the tank Do not release weak or injured fish. Because some water temperature 5 °F cooler than the lake water, post-release mortality is to be expected, even of fish Plenty of block ice should be available to maintain conthat appear healthy, fish should be released into areas stant, desirable water temperatures. where dead fish will not be readily conspicuous or create a nuisance. Use of live well additives is a popular practice among creae a nsae. many tournament fishermen and these additives are On some waters it may be necessary to transport the many tournament fishermen and these additives are , , fish to a release site with deep, cool, good quality occasionally used in holding tanks at tournaments. water. When this situation occurs, a boat (or a truck, if Use of these commercially available formulations is not recommended. Chemicals contained in these overland transport is more practical) equipped with an aerated fish holding tank is needed. Alternatively, livewell additives are not approved by the US Food i Adii s a io r e food ihave the contestants assist you. After a contestant's and Drug Administration for use on food fish. ough yr intetion is to re se al fish aliv, fish are weighed, return the live fish to the contestant Although your intention is to release all fish alive, .. and inform him or her where to release the fish. A some will die and these fish are typically given to peohe oa a he ree release of o n to c n an et t fi .Si y fis check boat at the release site can observe the release of ple who plan to clean and eat the fish. Similarly, fish the fish. A bonus-penalty system can be used to anesthetics should not be used. Use of salt is recommended. Salt reduces stress to the fish and stimulates enhance compliance. mucus secretion. Sea salt is preferred, but rock salt or Tournament Site Selection uniodized table salt is effective. Salt should be added The water to be fished and the weigh-in site are two to the holding tank at a rate of 0.5% (0.7 ounces of salt important considerations that can strongly affect the per gallon of water), mortality rate of tournament-caught fish. Avoid Fish in a tank will excrete waste products. At a high waters with a history of fish kills during times of the density of fish, the waste products can increase to year when these die-offs are known to occur. Schedule stressful concentrations. The simple way to prevent tournaments during the cooler seasons and do not conthis is to release the fish as soon as possible. At high duct tournaments on waters with water temperatures density (1 pound of fish per gallon of water) the fish exceeding 90 °F. Avoid lakes or rivers where most bass should be released in two hours or less. are caught in water deeper than 30 feet. 4