Citation
Constructing diagrams to represent the management system of a beef herd

Material Information

Title:
Constructing diagrams to represent the management system of a beef herd
Series Title:
Bulletin
Creator:
Richey, E. J ( Eddie Joe )
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Place of Publication:
Gainesville Fla
Publisher:
Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
10 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Beef cattle -- Breeding -- Charts, diagrams, etc -- Florida ( lcsh )
Beef cattle -- Cow-calf system -- Charts, diagrams, etc ( lcsh )
Charts, diagrams, etc -- Drawings ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Bibliography:
Include bibliographical references (p. 10).
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Printed 6/92"--P. 10.
Statement of Responsibility:
E.J. Richey.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
AAA6786 ( LTQF )
AJG6191 ( LTUF )
26898551 ( OCLC )
026330899 ( ALEPHBIBNUM )

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8dt


Bulletin 278


Constructing Diagrams to Represent the
Management System of a Beef Herd

E.J. Richey




/ Centra Science
/ Library

/.iy of Florida





. ...;. ... ... .. .., ..... ....- ..,,I


Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
John T. Woeste, Dean


r


Bulletin 278



















- ., 3 '.
97?

Kii2ci


E.J. Richey, Extension Veterinarian, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida.








Figure 1 presents an overview of the major
events in a beef cattle operation. It includes an-
nual management cycles for adult cows, calves, re-
placement heifers, and bulls. The diagram can be
used as a quick reference to understand herd man-
agement and can serve as an operational calendar
for making management decisions. The purpose of
this paper is to construct a series of diagrams that
can be used to outline the major beef cattle produc-
tion activities for an entire year. Figures 2 through
14 illustrate the approach used to construct the
overview of the beef herd represented in Figure 1.
Figures 15 through 18 are additional diagrams
used to represent the different animal phases
(cows/calves/heifers/bulls) in the herd.


Figure 1.

Figure 2 begins with a line representing a group of
pregnant cows that have recently had calves weaned
from them and are labeled "PREGNANT DRY
COWS."

"CALVING STARTS" in the group of pregnant
dry cows at a date approximated by adding the esti-
mated gestation length for this particular breed of
cows to the date the bulls were added to the cow herd.
The "CALVING PERIOD" lasts for a period estab-
lished by the length of the herd's breeding season and
is illustrated by a dark "shaded" area on the diagram.
The end of the calving period is labeled "CALVING
ENDS" on the diagram. (Figure 3)


Pregnant dry cows

Figure 2.



WMm wMa




PMEGNAMT DRY COMS












a COWS NURSING CALVES

Figure 3.








PBE6MANT DRY COWS CALVIN PU








BREEDING SEASON FOR / -


Figure 4.NG CA

Figure 4.


- -- -








As the calving season nears an end, the breeding
bulls are added to the cow herd and the "BREED-
ING SEASON" begins. The addition of the bulls to
the cow herd is illustrated as an arc intersecting the
cow cycle and begins with the label "BULLS IN." PRECNAm DRY COWS
(Figure 4)

Because of the 90 day breeding season and the es- ""
timated 285 day length of gestation, calving season
and breeding season will overlap by approximately wus
10 days (90+285-365=10).

The bulls remain with the adult cow herd for the /
duration of the "BREEDING SEASON." After the / e-
bulls are removed ("BULLS OUT"), the adult cow cLVES
herd continues in the annual cycle as pregnant
cows that are nursing calves born during the pre-
ceding calving season. The cows are illustrated on
the diagram as "PREGNANT COWS NURSING
CALVES." (Figure 5)
Figure 6.
Eventually, calves nursing the pregnant cows
will be weaned, and the cows will continue in the
cycle as "PREGNANT DRY COWS," thus com- ,
pleting the annual cycle for the adult cow herd. The
diagram now illustrates the beginning and the end
of the "CALVING PERIOD," the beginning and fu
end of the "BREEDING SEASON," and the time/
of "CALF WEANING." (Figure 6)


( / /
S* CALVES



TEAMED CALVES
PREGNANT DRY COWS CALVDI PIOD /


STICKERS & FEEDERS
BuuLs
Figure 7.
PREGNANT COS
NURSING CALVES /
S C LVE . After the calves are removed from the cow herd
/ at "WEANING", a portion of them will be sold as
/ stocker and feeder calves. This is illustrated
inFigure 7 by the "WEANED CALVES" line, end-
ing with a "STOCKER & FEEDER" label.
BULLS
OUT
SIn addition, heifer calves selected as potential
breeding replacements for the herd are separated
from the "WEANED CALVES" and begin their
Figure 5. cycle as "REPLACEMENT HEIFERS." (Figure 8)


























FEDERS *\

REPLACEtNT
HEIFERS

Figure 8.


As the "GROWING REPLACEMENT HEIF-
ERS" reach the desired weight and age to be bred,
bulls are introduced to the heifers, and the
"BREEDING SEASON" for the replacement heif-
ers begin. The beginning of the heifers' breeding
season is illustrated in Figure 9 by an arc intersect-
ing the heifer line; this point of intersection is des-
ignated as "BULLS IN."


Figure 9.


runrnm d)s~m


Figure 10.


Calving begins for the "PREGNANT RE-
PLACEMENT HEIFERS" depending upon the
start of the preceding breeding season and the
length of the gestation period for their particular
breed. The length of the calving period depends
also upon the length of the preceding breeding sea-


CALVES


STOCKERS &
FEEDERS


PRiELACnmT nzIFIM
moucemamam


The beginning of the heifers' breeding season
needs to be well planned so that the heifers can
calve at a time that allows them to fit into the
breeding season of the adult cow herd. This may
mean that the beginning of the heifers' breeding
season begins 30 days before the beginning of the
breeding season for the adult cows.

The heifer "BREEDING SEASON" ends when
the bulls are removed ("BULLS OUT") from the
heifers. The cycle continues as "PREGNANT RE-
PLACEMENT HEIFERS." (Figure 10)

The length of the breeding season for the re-
placement heifers is designed to allow the "more
fertile" heifers to be bred. The length of the breed-
ing season is usually less than that of the adult cow
herd. The age of the heifer at breeding depends
largely on the ranch's ability to adequately develop
the replacement heifer to breed at 14 to 15 months
of age and to calve as 2-year-olds. Many operations
chose to breed heifers to calve as 3-year-olds rather
than make an effort to get the heifers ready to
breed at 14 to 15 months of age.


wJ.=


unnFs








son. The calving period for the replacement heifers
is illustrated in Figure 11 by a dark, shaded area
attached to the heifer cycle and labeled "CALVING
PERIOD." After calving, the heifers are desig-
nated "FIRST CALF HEIFERS" and are consid-
ered to be adult cows.


KEIFERS





SREIDIMS SEASON


Figure 11.


The cycles of the bull herds used in the breeding of
the adult cow herd and the replacement heifers must
be completed. The "closed" bull cycles are labeled
"BULLS" and are designated as such in Figure 12.

The diagram, thus far, represents an overview of
the major events occurring in a beef herd. All that is
lacking are the dates when major events begin, end,
or occur, and the lengths of certain events.


Figure 12.


Adult cow herd
Start of Breeding Season ...................................................................... 3/15/90
End of Breeding Season .................................................................... 6/13/90
Length of Breeding Season ..................................................................90 days
Length of Gestation (Herfords) ........................................................... 285 days
Start of Calving Season ........................................................................ 12/25/90
End of Calving Season ............................................................................. 3/25/91

Replacement Heifers
Start of Breeding Season ......................................................................./13/90
End of Breeding Season ......................................................................... 5/14/90
Length of Breeding Season ..................................................................90 days
Start of Calving Season ........................................................................ 11/25/90
End of Calving Season ............................................................................. 2/23/91

(Heifers calve 30 days before adult cow herd)

Heifers are bred to calve as 3 year-olds


Figure 13.


Im CALF
rim MYJ uPU








The information in Figure 13 is required to com-
plete the overview of the beef herd.

Several of the dates or lengths of events may be
calculated if other dates and/or lengths are known.
For example, if the dates for the start and end of
the breeding season are known, the length of the
breeding season can be calculated. If the date for
the start of the breeding season and the length of
the breeding season is know, the end of the breed-
ing season can be calculated. By knowing these
dates and the estimated length of the gestation pe-
riod for the breed of cattle, dates for the beginning
and end of the calving period can be calculated.


With dates and lengths of major events included,
the diagram can now serve as an overview of the
beef cattle operation and as an operational calendar
for quick reference in making decisions.

Although Figure 14 may appear to be compli-
cated, closer inspection reveals an outline that al-
lows a systematic inspection of each phase of the
beef operation. That outline includes separate dia-
grams for the management phases of adult beef
cows, calves, replacement heifers, and breeding
bulls. The following four figures (Figures 15
through 18) are diagrams representing the differ-
ent phases in a beef cattle operation.


12/25


PERIOD


FIRST CALF HEIFERS


11125


Sf


WEANED
CALVES -





REPLACEMENT HEIFERS


ERS

ERS


HEIFERS BRED AT
24 MONTHS-OF-AGE


- BULLS -


90 days
BREEDING SEASON
-low-- -


CALVES


6113


STOCK

FEED


2/13


Figure 14.


5 6/14


SEPTEMBER
12


40








A diagram for specific use in management of the
"ADULT COW CYCLE" is a twelve-month cycle
and is easily developed by enlarging the adult cow
portion of the BEEF CATTLE OPERATION over-


view (Figure 14). Note that the dates and lengths of
major events have been included in Figure 15 to
allow easy reference to these events.


Figure 15.









Figure 16 represents the "CALF CYCLE" man-
agement of the beef operation and is developed by
beginning the cycle with the start of the cows' calv-
ing period and ending the cycle shortly after calf
weaning. Note that this diagram is simply that por-


tion of the ADULT COW CYCLE during which the
cows are nursing calves, and also includes the dates
and lengths of major events occurring in the beef
herd.


Deo 25
CALYZMS SMITU


I


BULLS
OUT
June 13


Figure 16.








The "REPLACEMENT HEIFER CYCLE" be-
gins with calf weaning and ends after the heifers
have calved (Figure 17). The length of the "RE-
PLACEMENT HEIFER CYCLE" cycle is depen-
dent upon the age at which the heifers calve; some
operations calve heifers as 2-year-olds and others
calve heifers as 3-year-olds. Information pertaining
to the management of the heifers prior to weaning
can easily be obtained by referring to the "CALF
CYCLE" diagram (Figure 16). After the replace-


ment heifers have calved, they are usually recog-
nized as adult cows, and management information
about them can be obtained by looking at the
ADULT COW CYCLE (Figure 15); however, if the
first calf heifers are to be managed differently, it
would be advantageous to have a separate diagram
for them. Simply use the ADULT COW CYCLE
diagram and relabel it as "FIRST CALF HEIF-
ERS."


SEPWEMBER


Peb 23
EATING CALVUs a




CALVING PERIOD



cakvms stars
Nov 25




REPLACEMENT HEIFER CYCLE




HEIFERS BRED AT
24 mONTHS-OF AGE


Rchey Kay 14

BREEDING SEASON f
90 DAYS


b 13ULLS


N


Figure 17.


r







The "BREEDING BULL CYCLE" diagram is
used to indicate management of the bulls beginning
with their PURCHASE, and following them through
the POST-PURCHASE, BEFORE ADDING TO
THE BULL HERD, PRE-BREEDING, and
POST-BREEDING periods (Figure 18).

The "BREEDING BULL CYCLE" diagram rep-
resents the management of bulls used to breed the


adult cow herd as well as the bulls used on the re-
placement heifers. Both groups of bulls can be repre-
sented on one diagram by indicating the differences
(if any exist) in the beginning and ending of the re-
spective breeding seasons. Any differences in the
length of the breeding seasons can easily be recog-
nized by indicating, for example, "90 DAYS -
ADULT COWS" and "60 DAYS RPL HEIFERS"
just below "BREEDING SEASON" on the diagram.


aS & MEIFERS




/ -- - 11-1
SEEDIs SEASCI ENDS P
,10



May 14- pl IBare\
J im13S- AAdh CEm
POST-BREEDING


BREEDING BULL CYCLE


BREEDIM SEASON STARTS
Feb 13 2 IUirNr
Mwr 1S- Adb C


PRE-BREEDING


BEFORE ADDING TO
BULL HERD


9 PURCHASE .POST
PU E PURCHASE


Richey


Figure 18.


BREEDING









The timing of annual events in a beef cattle pro-
duction system interact very closely to each other.
The use of the "CYCLE" approach to represent the
management of the different phases of the beef op-
eration allows for a quick assessment of the opera-
tion so that appropriate recommendations for
changes can be understood by all parties involved
with management decisions. If all parties have
identical perceptions of the operation and the inter-
actions between the different cattle phases, recom-
mendations more readily "fit" the beef operation.

Examples of the use of the "CYCLE" system can
be found in the Proceedings of the 1C L i t1 'l11 1 IN-
INLAL P1tti L PI' K HItt1 L L]LiAHt, May 1-
3, 1991, sponsored by the Animal Science Depart-
ment of the University of Florida, Gainesville,


Florida. Specific papers that utilize the "CYCLES"
are as follows:

1. "MANAGEMENT CYCLES IN BEEF
PRODUCTION"
2. "REGIONAL AND SEASONAL FORAGE
PRODUCTION LIMITS"
3. "HERD HEALTH FOR THE BEEF
CATTLE OPERATION"
4. "MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF
RANGE IN FLORIDA"
5. "MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF
COMPLEMENTARY FORAGES"
6. "APPLICATION OF SYSTEM CONCEPTS
IN COW-CALF MANAGEMENT"


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, John T. Woeste,
Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose of the May 8 and June
30,1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that
function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth
publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers
is availablefrom C.M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing
this publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability. Printed 6/92.




Full Text

PAGE 1

F 6 3 ' b L17 E.J. Richey, Extension Veterinarian, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida. E.J. Richey, Extension Veterinarian, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida.



PAGE 1

Figure 16 represents the "CALF CYCLE" mantion of the ADULT COW CYCLE during which the agement of the beef operation and is developed by cows are nursing calves, and also includes the dates beginning the cycle with the start of the cows' calvand lengths of major events occurring in the beef ing period and ending the cycle shortly after calf herd. weaning. Note that this diagram is simply that porDoe 25 e^LYIY rrzm= CALVING ITrUm CALVIN5 PERIOD WEANZN6 CALF CYCLE BULLS March 15 t Revt, BULLS OUT June 13 Figure 16. 7



PAGE 1

A diagram for specific use in management of the view (Figure 14). Note that the dates and lengths of "ADULT COW CYCLE" is a twelve-month cycle major events have been included in Figure 15 to and is easily developed by enlarging the adult cow allow easy reference to these events. portion of the BEEF CATTLE OPERATION overDec 25 SXPTBOUER M^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^A ADULT COW CYCLE OB~~UTU5 ~BUS ~~~~~~~~~~aFigurec 15 March 25 CALVES gm June 13 Figure 15. 6



PAGE 1

The "REPLACEMENT HEIFER CYCLE" bement heifers have calved, they are usually recoggins with calf weaning and ends after the heifers nized as adult cows, and management information have calved (Figure 17). The length of the "REabout them can be obtained by looking at the PLACEMENT HEIFER CYCLE" cycle is depenADULT COW CYCLE (Figure 15); however, if the dent upon the age at which the heifers calve; some first calf heifers are to be managed differently, it operations calve heifers as 2-year-olds and others would be advantageous to have a separate diagram calve heifers as 3-year-olds. Information pertaining for them. Simply use the ADULT COW CYCLE to the management of the heifers prior to weaning diagram and relabel it as "FIRST CALF HEIFcan easily be obtained by referring to the "CALF ERS." CYCLE" diagram (Figure 16). After the replace8~sKPIBMBRFeb Z2 WEANING CALX CALVING PERO I Nov 25 REPLACEMENT HEIFER CYCLE HEIFERS BRED AT 24 mONTHS-OF AGE ^ Rzche > / MKay 14 '. \ BREEDING SEASON I 90 DAYS / nSLL s % BULLS ftb 13Figure 17. 8



PAGE 1

The "BREEDING BULL CYCLE" diagram is adult cow herd as well as the bulls used on the reused to indicate management of the bulls beginning placement heifers. Both groups of bulls can be reprewith their PURCHASE, and following them through sented on one diagram by indicating the differences the POST-PURCHASE, BEFORE ADDING TO (if any exist) in the beginning and ending of the reTHE BULL HERD, PRE-BREEDING, and spective breeding seasons. Any differences in the POST-BREEDING periods (Figure 18). length of the breeding seasons can easily be recognized by indicating, for example, "90 DAYS The "BREEDING BULL CYCLE" diagram repADULT COWS" and "60 DAYS RPL HEIFERS" resents the management of bulls used to breed the just below "BREEDING SEASON" on the diagram. CoMs a WEIFERS /WS BREED I N 1 11SOu STARTS \ / c\ rFeb13 pl irms Mr I 15-Adb Cw if w---*" ;-iS PRE-BREEDING rcI °owl\' \ MrU-XplBcibn \ \ J 13 Adt C \ \ POST-BREEDING ' s ^ WBEEDING BEFORE ADDING TO BREEDING BULL CYCLE BULL HERD 9 PURCHASE POST R1 c he w ^---PURCHASE Figure 18. 9



PAGE 1

Figure 1 presents an overview of the major events in a beef cattle operation. It includes annual management cycles for adult cows, calves, replacement heifers, and bulls. The diagram can be used as a quick reference to understand herd management and can serve as an operational calendar for making management decisions. The purpose of this paper is to construct a series of diagrams, that can be used to outline the major beef cattle production activities for an entire year. Figures 2 through Pregnant dry cows 14 illustrate the approach used to construct the overview of the beef herd represented in Figure 1. Figures 15 through 18 are additional diagrams Figure 2. used to represent the different animal phases (cows/calves/heifers/bulls) in the herd. rarm C \WICALF E a\PERI-ODat_ 1~MumPREGNAT DRY COWS s~u~z\a--/-Figure 3. FflDExs /k Ad \ Figure 2 begins with a line representing a g p C.ALVM pregnant cows that have recently had calves weaned WEANED ' from them and are labeled "PREGNANT DRY \j COWSSNC."LVES dry cows at a date approximated by adding the estiSTOCKERS MA3IS 1P Figure 3. Figurmated gestation length a line representicular breed of pregnant cows to the date that have bulls werecently had calves weaned. from the "CALVING PERIOD" lasts for a period estab"CALVING STARTS" in the group of pregnant dry cows at a date approximated by adding the estimated gestation length for this particular breed of BREING o. cows to the dateby the length of the herd's breeding season and The "CALVING PERIOD" lasts for a period established by the length of the herd's breeding season and is illustrated by a dark "shaded" area on the diagram. ' The end of the calving period is labeled "CALVING Figure 4. ENDS" on the diagram. (Figure 3) 1



PAGE 1

The information in Figure 13 is required to comWith dates and lengths of major events included, plete the overview of the beef herd. the diagram can now serve as an overview of the beef cattle operation and as an operational calendar Several of the dates or lengths of events may be for quick reference in making decisions. calculated if other dates and/or lengths are known. For example, if the dates for the start and end of Although Figure 14 may appear to be complithe breeding season are known, the length of the cated, closer inspection reveals an outline that albreeding season can be calculated. If the date for lows a systematic inspection of each phase of the the start of the breeding season and the length of beef operation. That outline includes separate diathe breeding season is know, the end of the breedgrams for the management phases of adult beef ing season can be calculated. By knowing these cows, calves, replacement heifers, and breeding dates and the estimated length of the gestation pebulls. The following four figures (Figures 15 riod for the breed of cattle, dates for the beginning through 18) are diagrams representing the differand end of the calving period can be calculated. ent phases in a beef cattle operation. 12/25 Cow/CALF L CYCLE SEPTCEMEER . W EANING CALVES < P ERI FIRST CALF HEIFERS 2/13 3116" 1 1 o BE G$~PERIOD COICALF \ I/~ l/I~ 'tll~ ~11/25 I 6113 3 WEANED s 4 CALVESPREGNANT REPLACEMENT HEIFERS HEIFERS BRED AT 24 MONTHS-OF-AGE REPLACEMENT HEIFERS STOCKERS \ BULLS/ FEEDERS \ 213 ~ 90 days 5/14 2113 \ BREEDING SEASON / Figure 14. 5



PAGE 1

The beginning of the heifers' breeding season needs to be well planned so that the heifers can !~./~~~ U^^^Scalve at a time that allows them to fit into the breeding season of the adult cow herd. This may mean that the beginning of the heifers' breeding I cows /,'/ E «_season begins 30 days before the beginning of the v . / breeding season for the adult cows. M ; , IS JThe heifer "BREEDING SEASON" ends when the bulls are removed ("BULLS OUT") from the WEXEy ARCALVES heifers. The cycle continues as "PREGNANT REPLACEMENT HEIFERS." (Figure 10) /f'~ ~ ~ \ The length of the breeding season for the replacement heifers is designed to allow the "more fr"oSm., fertile" heifers to be bred. The length of the breedREPLACENENT ing season is usually less than that of the adult cow HEIFERS herd. The age of the heifer at breeding depends largely on the ranch's ability to adequately develop Fi g u r e 8. the replacement heifer to breed at 14 to 15 months of age and to calve as 2-year-olds. Many operations As the "GROWING REPLACEMENT HEIFchose to breed heifers to calve as 3-year-olds rather ERS" reach the desired weight and age to be bred, than make an effort to get the heifers ready to bulls are introduced to the heifers, and the breed at 14 to 15 months of age. "BREEDING SEASON" for the replacement heifers begin. The beginning of the heifers' breeding season is illustrated in Figure 9 by an arc intersecting the heifer line; this point of intersection is desc ignated as "BULLS IN." AE\ I .E ^~\ CALVING PERIU CM.W i m^ EAVE*D CaLv. , E STOCKES tS \ \ a REPLACEMENIT HEIFERS Figure 10. \ /Calving begins for the "PREGNANT RErT;_L" D "PLACEMENT HEIFERS" depending upon the \ REEDING SEASON ra start of the preceding breeding season and the REPUCEMIT HEIFEIS length of the gestation period for their particular breed. The length of the calving period depends Figure 9. also upon the length of the preceding breeding sea3



PAGE 1

:,-2^

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'861740' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNA-norm-0' 'ARCHIVE' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNNA-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
'2015-05-15T17:38:38-04:00'
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:32-04:00'
normalize
'10397' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNB' 'sip-files00001.pro'
5634b38ff7bfb2d37dd8b96732e2256a
70c7f370985af19292e4c62b07ae733b21a0b79e
'2012-04-03T18:49:14-04:00'
describe
'31268' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNC' 'sip-files00001.QC.jpg'
35bd0271149a026db357aa904ebcddfb
f77fd39eabb110c16c2c9e022060cef8fb14ce9b
'2012-04-03T18:49:41-04:00'
describe
'1046260' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNND' 'sip-files00001.tif'
7a35d217b82746bace19b3f467d3c9e4
05cfb63b203ccf12010ac9865b7322d23cfa27ac
'2012-04-03T18:49:38-04:00'
describe
'684' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNE' 'sip-files00001.txt'
bde1997f92875807a7a869a9dd0cb7ed
cdd7515a23bc95cb5c81ee2ce32bc1001ea0f61f
'2012-04-03T18:49:16-04:00'
describe
'21322' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNF' 'sip-files00001thm.jpg'
d6b1a23ed444a6ff447e2e0bc8efac1c
d01826d426137fb92961e94b7a53ed56ab16466f
describe
'13708' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNG' 'sip-files00002.jp2'
b6c218f179dc80d8c587bc6c2459aeab
b7fab984609551a2057d7294cedaf3e196486e99
'2012-04-03T18:49:42-04:00'
describe
'17720' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNH' 'sip-files00002.jpg'
c7ca7bbc092b39d7c4cf8514624506b7
924f0e6ab10785e3ff4fa748f24516f5176d8373
'2012-04-03T18:49:01-04:00'
describe
'6797' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNI' 'sip-files00002.pdf'
3bb3675e20e8667dac49d50a933cc3c8
391bf94417569392d5272c44803569f20b4466ef
'2012-04-03T18:49:33-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNI-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNNI-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
'2015-05-15T17:38:36-04:00'
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:20-04:00'
normalize
'3424' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNJ' 'sip-files00002.pro'
726c1deda1798ea20652d5b7edb5d2b1
b098bc76a2030b4b8030273bd7837f0eacc727ea
'2012-04-03T18:49:00-04:00'
describe
'11716' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNK' 'sip-files00002.QC.jpg'
f9adcc028123f3c0748289541886cc92
6c0677df000e26cf0eed6b8855aac5c83ffcc421
'2012-04-03T18:49:48-04:00'
describe
'1037476' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNL' 'sip-files00002.tif'
9308c0f1b11765591789cb21596b6c4e
fd71bb5b4d92c68a2052d4177a43ed1f04341393
'2012-04-03T18:49:49-04:00'
describe
'164' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNM' 'sip-files00002.txt'
6816e1c245b19822ed96ec1dad521d46
0e133d29ef607110c1673525aa52d3122f0e6888
'2012-04-03T18:48:58-04:00'
describe
'9654' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNN' 'sip-files00002thm.jpg'
1be591426d9683ec36417e4a7809fdbe
2b4b1b695965b7137b0b29af4dc7e00f91fd7f0c
'2012-04-03T18:49:21-04:00'
describe
'120183' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNO' 'sip-files00003.jp2'
7ed31686960e5a2197bb5e8d44c291d9
d8541bd6897f8edbd1fc22496cee89f3966037ce
'2012-04-03T18:49:27-04:00'
describe
'124795' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNP' 'sip-files00003.jpg'
4d5d49969c4515b3a40124e233eeff21
bc5d0692a4cad1d1b80eb47f160cd34d4e477af7
'2012-04-03T18:49:24-04:00'
describe
'52420' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNQ' 'sip-files00003.pdf'
c06f71d2de5bebd08d6e6ad14881ac59
2990241665fa5d4a064c57128811df20336b7486
'2012-04-03T18:49:51-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNQ-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNNQ-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:35-04:00'
normalize
'41474' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNR' 'sip-files00003.pro'
1f56a3fdfba6cd1a56e7d0248c30daab
87aea305c84dbd3396b821557f2c4b9cbb144054
'2012-04-03T18:49:04-04:00'
describe
'55399' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNS' 'sip-files00003.QC.jpg'
aebe1325a7b9930acfe24830d0d5fff7
501d541a8edb2e3c0cfa64e4a1c15854f23f3d71
'2012-04-03T18:48:56-04:00'
describe
'1057612' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNT' 'sip-files00003.tif'
8371cd00c03f357bfc1edfa5c7f4afaf
d6b3c8980af399642090fe116f8933b4b8cb1418
describe
'1753' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNU' 'sip-files00003.txt'
7c835ba7ca0c2ee3910b00393672f677
f958499d31503c184967df28ed886b84178d01a4
'2012-04-03T18:48:52-04:00'
describe
'34165' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNV' 'sip-files00003thm.jpg'
7ffb45e4510fdde79b3e835a8b509e25
e72a08bfa3f52c999f93b458b17f3640dfc7acd0
'2012-04-03T18:48:53-04:00'
describe
'131069' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNW' 'sip-files00004.jp2'
f10dc00f79a0972703d0b2f0ea1d634c
48e787e13302142d1ed621a62cfaa959d08162b9
'2012-04-03T18:49:40-04:00'
describe
'127501' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNX' 'sip-files00004.jpg'
8fed44df16cfeab148af534400fe773c
e65156d2ca1be03879e7b8bcb79b8b2c77458535
'2012-04-03T18:49:31-04:00'
describe
'55547' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNY' 'sip-files00004.pdf'
0469b6e61c3cd2f342a6d4daec17c8c4
e20fc5886f91f3696f4d18ebc0ed4b9ce6ac3b27
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNY-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNNY-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
'2015-05-15T17:38:37-04:00'
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:03-04:00'
normalize
'52082' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNNZ' 'sip-files00004.pro'
2a27340c4fa66f901827ded4cde74d74
e0274a74559a7ee4381f06bf39e948aa5ed53cdf
describe
'56326' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOA' 'sip-files00004.QC.jpg'
d16013d25198186758b869eea79f5ceb
2fe459c5c15cfb390e1f8dcb11478f4ca34de58b
describe
'1057480' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOB' 'sip-files00004.tif'
ed61b9e024615e5885aeacedc0bcd73e
3683f7b6417e6c932903c4aa5a5dc9a012e73d1a
'2012-04-03T18:49:07-04:00'
describe
'2881' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOC' 'sip-files00004.txt'
5f516cdf769a693ecf837ac1977d9e78
a059bc7b1694416e89b02f71c3e6b4d4cd3717e0
'2012-04-03T18:49:39-04:00'
describe
WARNING CODE 'Daitss::Anomaly' Invalid character
'34328' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOD' 'sip-files00004thm.jpg'
4d5108ccfdd8cf9aa2c6dcac0bb0ddd1
f6cbfd1ebe19748e91911abe2d55fd5d7bfcf1e0
'2012-04-03T18:49:32-04:00'
describe
'126831' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOE' 'sip-files00005.jp2'
bd4edb8a1ec0f6a2eb3b05867d16ce1f
603e9e590d1c3983395f615263fecd0428302808
describe
'124503' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOF' 'sip-files00005.jpg'
c865028982fb900e1cafa3fbb5bb7d29
e40eecb52eefbdac555ee4067b6abae7868a60e1
describe
'55614' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOG' 'sip-files00005.pdf'
6292d686436e77cd9574f9aa4895e0c9
4124c6ad3aa793a81a6b32510d14c7be66bba241
'2012-04-03T18:49:23-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOG-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNOG-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:15-04:00'
normalize
'48749' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOH' 'sip-files00005.pro'
8e44be80a0eca8b4f8e86c75d3d40e23
eb7db6b02a326210fa69c99b80c1d18b924a2705
describe
'53217' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOI' 'sip-files00005.QC.jpg'
5072bb218cb852bd1466429e843b4088
e61a1b6a95073472d819d51fa4681bd3c6f3275f
'2012-04-03T18:48:59-04:00'
describe
'1058096' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOJ' 'sip-files00005.tif'
b195c84b16a58cc38784098872eda71c
1d10a2c3ebe8b5ec017d2aaf871430e9147b96f3
'2012-04-03T18:49:08-04:00'
describe
'2022' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOK' 'sip-files00005.txt'
d35ac4c23ee4f8208b427aff89f1f94a
58c72c4882d6cdca0aa4bcb185f346409f79211c
'2012-04-03T18:49:36-04:00'
describe
'32370' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOL' 'sip-files00005thm.jpg'
68e3d621466c066c18ba0b77535d1310
dba32614d2a06eb2842c0d838fd5e83f0f577069
describe
'113061' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOM' 'sip-files00006.jp2'
9b20d9fc464ee78e5d17907b859e1c81
d3e9da3f0bbef658ad9953cd74fb57091b1aacd5
describe
'122477' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNON' 'sip-files00006.jpg'
67223f3965f6044e7a89a9f285f96c77
0a10e8154e152ebf41be2e4b887544217bd820a2
'2012-04-03T18:49:35-04:00'
describe
'47986' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOO' 'sip-files00006.pdf'
2eec6a9516e7b64cda14809522015683
67aeacc0928901e370cf64a1d7b743ed763102cd
'2012-04-03T18:49:25-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOO-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNOO-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:17-04:00'
normalize
'55680' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOP' 'sip-files00006.pro'
3b690862feade5056c3c421bcfa0dcf7
72a96aedc901977cb0177191046af0b5486e0946
'2012-04-03T18:49:02-04:00'
describe
'53914' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOQ' 'sip-files00006.QC.jpg'
0bfd6ff9a35db983537eaf2332a6ea2e
b44cac18681f06e0ae9520a951c9ac7c185d9662
'2012-04-03T18:49:18-04:00'
describe
'1059192' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOR' 'sip-files00006.tif'
2da95b7406f3170eb487533ca54b6760
288323ba231372c7abf489cbd91f66f0985044c0
'2012-04-03T18:49:30-04:00'
describe
'2231' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOS' 'sip-files00006.txt'
ea623dc543c732d37b66893cbc66fd51
8e05e0ae2ff5ea6425402a80dfd6f8e5db039355
describe
'33227' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOT' 'sip-files00006thm.jpg'
56e5c620534dbcece94e785f17699253
6d2c72389512f3f9f8db8c29a573548e270dc02a
'2012-04-03T18:49:46-04:00'
describe
'106194' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOU' 'sip-files00007.jp2'
5ff07de5bbaedab529e9eb8d8c368abf
dcadbce043ffe437a12cde3c1d646e84b75ac285
describe
'107532' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOV' 'sip-files00007.jpg'
e8e3562b8795bcff4e737346bb406af2
aa2d6cdddfcf77c6bbbd88cfc4bb9913a6bdd41d
'2012-04-03T18:49:11-04:00'
describe
'46825' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOW' 'sip-files00007.pdf'
147fa68aea08a9de460848e0cc42afc1
2a5f1cf21c6290d1e5c655c281748167de0bbad4
'2012-04-03T18:49:43-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOW-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNOW-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:27-04:00'
normalize
'40999' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOX' 'sip-files00007.pro'
252e9d9c65be29d8df78a57b239901ca
483b9f834eed5abac62fb3bf121a1e56623ca3df
'2012-04-03T18:49:19-04:00'
describe
'48221' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOY' 'sip-files00007.QC.jpg'
961bae854362b24b048bd1607dca10e3
b19d71f289f66d2df419c0dbe94e7351bfb8754b
describe
'1055440' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNOZ' 'sip-files00007.tif'
50fec2b2e94e2863e13a9fe42c070d29
ac5e411b67a5a4fb96bd4624d10147b283611d6a
'2012-04-03T18:49:37-04:00'
describe
'1707' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPA' 'sip-files00007.txt'
2dba0fc774a101e716bbffb4acd495b1
cef8ad28caf023ac2ffee502e64a5f4bae5dbae4
'2012-04-03T18:49:09-04:00'
describe
'29676' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPB' 'sip-files00007thm.jpg'
87e48dd6e1ba04635c87a2a65998782f
8748cebdd73302cf7aaf222f587cd7e915a21993
describe
'50285' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPC' 'sip-files00008.jp2'
f6b8ffec7c57f6d3da04f32a02bdc4b2
af8d383fde1c141fa3910a7eacf81be970005926
'2012-04-03T18:49:22-04:00'
describe
'58624' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPD' 'sip-files00008.jpg'
c324ff6bea3cfbd598b8b753d93bed41
d14dbecb18fc1eb58bf0457439bd4ad8c80cbc8f
describe
'20860' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPE' 'sip-files00008.pdf'
2663d1a50e60fc83d42eb02c6fcd8570
9fb3ffb3cfa9946da9164bf6f95791561b691d8b
'2012-04-03T18:49:10-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPE-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNPE-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:11-04:00'
normalize
'8991' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPF' 'sip-files00008.pro'
9a1e29094c4e0f807f9851630a8b4f21
d911401a95924c186a49e5c5c4eb937fa16ab360
describe
'30935' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPG' 'sip-files00008.QC.jpg'
38a3e89610701dc694069b1b2adb3552
2c1cf179972545dfb65d7e9d8f64231e29821532
describe
'1049220' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPH' 'sip-files00008.tif'
dc5b145cd6af712dd6f4e13d87d64cbc
a495500f147f01f5ca867398bc7eae5f16ec7888
describe
'365' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPI' 'sip-files00008.txt'
9a3f211528b5742d66c3735c79818b49
81e75bf6bcfc4d6cba47188868b4a1b64d754090
describe
'21189' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPJ' 'sip-files00008thm.jpg'
40c5c962b3884649ea338ea3cff7e849
80bd737c5ed69267d120b5862c2a123e845c3fe5
'2012-04-03T18:49:29-04:00'
describe
'50566' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPK' 'sip-files00009.jp2'
96cb54f29a15387b0a822a09422cf4c3
0482da20a43f0793e868fd0f322ecef894a9c6ab
describe
'59297' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPL' 'sip-files00009.jpg'
5424e363dfb31ea6d3c1a75ccf8804fa
28fbf725a87d5b0908b250c5c87c889c702c1c1e
'2012-04-03T18:49:06-04:00'
describe
'21868' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPM' 'sip-files00009.pdf'
99f33f8e921785de969306fe6f814b7c
2b05f2ff67ca23060a240dfc09f63a856cbb8727
'2012-04-03T18:49:05-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPM-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNPM-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:08-04:00'
normalize
'12518' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPN' 'sip-files00009.pro'
baffe901f0deff285e5794f4bb9aa013
3976ea114dbc655b5926684874fe1d23f19c999e
describe
'31000' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPO' 'sip-files00009.QC.jpg'
a006ceab574d97cf5f5e6c0f1cac1e62
a73be3f8e4224910123bdb027052de9fd6e04a15
describe
'1047424' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPP' 'sip-files00009.tif'
7a3ce0ca7bd20ad2836e358fa0d00c45
94f5a05782af0d5784fc3a0acdc84c0ca088d6f1
describe
'517' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPQ' 'sip-files00009.txt'
ece765972edc249c2a4398a9921899e3
81d16c714441c80d23ef720a02f7facfde905511
describe
'21152' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPR' 'sip-files00009thm.jpg'
feda802718f35481e0342966bb3d73ae
6697e6ff980f8ff4fb78adee8a888600a2e781c0
'2012-04-03T18:49:17-04:00'
describe
'76892' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPS' 'sip-files00010.jp2'
7db5c5e186bdddf129c5cf551966e5bc
26c95c3fd500552acafe1a5890d2fa9edd74419e
'2012-04-03T18:49:03-04:00'
describe
'81591' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPT' 'sip-files00010.jpg'
a94e4e06703987293de5f4d0e8b401c9
ecd0f27fd13ff77f4f55c8b3a6267cb52e01b453
describe
'32950' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPU' 'sip-files00010.pdf'
2394802b11f597152eb2e1283b040e5b
143ab18857ee084505bda6e031272257e73891a2
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPU-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNPU-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:24-04:00'
normalize
'29401' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPV' 'sip-files00010.pro'
93574f038cb850b3ab0ad0af264871cf
255aa4abf7dfe8d61b75ec7c4c90253637541698
describe
'37984' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPW' 'sip-files00010.QC.jpg'
d3dd5f09a5f210c00de14bb55e5d1a30
bc5bf8d3a5bf7e2886cc27b8737d0eef09f32ab5
describe
'1050164' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPX' 'sip-files00010.tif'
33589b5eec8549eae71b93ffae4a74b8
4e58f5553ed80a2d965ea4e349561966d739d8fa
describe
'1564' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPY' 'sip-files00010.txt'
f61d130514dc42a17cde6f80680080d8
00b70e7c38de65b017c14877728404fb15b57b13
describe
'25075' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNPZ' 'sip-files00010thm.jpg'
a979aeee82dd78c62a555df3d65033d9
1b5d3afa3c2a835c5867e8da1c79f215f7b71782
'2012-04-03T18:49:13-04:00'
describe
'79891' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQA' 'sip-files00011.jp2'
34e2fa661f1dc7cb61b8066dd2139d26
58e055ad675d45376c3d8f06b8545725da7e8d84
'2012-04-03T18:49:15-04:00'
describe
'85794' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQB' 'sip-files00011.jpg'
20dadf1b199ba705199aff318c33c856
9e623c2878b0a00a7231e627909c0f1a2e8f76da
describe
'34075' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQC' 'sip-files00011.pdf'
1dfa12774272b69f9f647a4fbed462c2
a1e0c096e8d7c55d8f87d910bb0296772852794f
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQC-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNQC-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:30-04:00'
normalize
'28768' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQD' 'sip-files00011.pro'
e402c98e453eb1ac69b3d6c1d6d12aeb
83900a2bc23c41fec2b523ac6f0708d99b6d4732
describe
'40172' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQE' 'sip-files00011.QC.jpg'
2f84ab42d77047643a677413fd38e8e5
9e0153f29e1df98fa375fea012f07f529f0e1419
describe
'1051532' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQF' 'sip-files00011.tif'
9f4da225e1c29c6560b171e7d2a8169e
37223ac563b242e78d0a8f8db79cf51cbaf120c6
describe
'1273' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQG' 'sip-files00011.txt'
e52c4a97f4c7aff14ae75060bd78cb3f
56caf72da04e7c5c6a70e6c6465a01865fdee8d9
describe
'25445' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQH' 'sip-files00011thm.jpg'
4a748ca345fe84a0ee2e8b0113265d88
a72e723916d6430492e049eb6426b848d7f59bf4
describe
'102290' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQI' 'sip-files00012.jp2'
49d064205dde889abb83e5d43b8593bd
eced201c5990b3f0585820c8fdf25130e61099e6
'2012-04-03T18:49:26-04:00'
describe
'74236' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQJ' 'sip-files00012.jpg'
1a976cf2f93ac32345b00d25a3a8681b
475e77e9806924124aa4324c5ea4127930211a5f
describe
'49074' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQK' 'sip-files00012.pdf'
5a4e5dd3d75962617e287fa2463118bc
f457e7f27fd87dfe042e00de86ee12408655ad6e
'2012-04-03T18:48:54-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQK-norm-0' 'aip-filesF20090919_AADNQK-norm-0.pdf'
48c279620392bcf49e367d81b9512286
1d5e440b611127d699bf9932b2b9060ff387b025
describe
'2015-05-15T17:38:05-04:00'
normalize
'59202' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQL' 'sip-files00012.pro'
c489d3e621c6f887e40d1a30e6ba4b4e
586abed5ceb5e3bc122d6f5ad8e5c4b6b947f66a
'2012-04-03T18:49:34-04:00'
describe
'19598' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQM' 'sip-files00012.QC.jpg'
2d18f0af85ffd1169faf90ae60a4df22
949eccb69f629a6c58ea689a93401ffbe4d1b920
describe
'1031821' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQN' 'sip-files00012.tif'
a12853a4ba3f2ba353c73c40731636cd
8760d4ab9f26fd4ce15d34c32f18bdb58e0d06b9
describe
Invalid DateTime length:
Invalid DateTime length
Invalid DateTime length
'2283' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQO' 'sip-files00012.txt'
aa57458ffbf2ef54cdfbe1cac79021ce
c133f093d65eaeadddca401e857e6b68b322ed91
describe
'5181' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQP' 'sip-files00012thm.jpg'
8a9838a9ab51e0ba54152472fa97efe7
ce1dc32d683fb2a17a8854e7143e3accffcd3cab
describe
'28865' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQQ' 'sip-filesUF00008524_00001.mets'
e5dae1f7a82dcacdc19f60a1e30672e8
4d66073754bac54e6a8a00d69c9f56f9369677d6
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'2015-05-15T17:38:40-04:00' 'mixed'
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
BROKEN_LINK schema http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "
".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'35190' 'info:fdaE20090919_AAABUFfileF20090919_AADNQT' 'sip-filesUF00008524_00001.xml'
12f998c7e0b15bf3e55b63d3980a15ee
c3ae478767f7458d15ae4e37004445f3be4c959c
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.



PAGE 1

The timing of annual events in a beef cattle proFlorida. Specific papers that utilize the "CYCLES" duction system interact very closely to each other. are as follows: The use of the "CYCLE" approach to represent the management of the different phases of the beef op1. "MANAGEMENT CYCLES IN BEEF eration allows for a quick assessment of the operaPRODUCTION" tion so that appropriate recommendations for 2. "REGIONAL AND SEASONAL FORAGE changes can be understood by all parties involved PRODUCTION LIMITS" with management decisions. If all parties have 3. "HERD HEALTH FOR THE BEEF identical perceptions of the operation and the interCATTLE OPERATION" actions between the different cattle phases, recom4. "MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF mendations more readily "fit" the beef operation. RANGE IN FLORIDA" 5. "MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF Examples of the use of the "CYCLE" system can COMPLEMENTARY FORAGES" be found in the Proceedings of the f L I 1'i 156. "APPLICATION OF SYSTEM CONCEPTS iLPI t ti LA'1 '1 it i tl I tl. L 1 t, May 1IN COW-CALF MANAGEMENT" 3, 1991, sponsored by the Animal Science Department of the University of Florida, Gainesville, COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, John T. Woeste, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30,1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap or national origin. Single copies of extension publications (excluding 4-H and youth publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers is availablefrom C.M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing /il this publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability. Printed 6/92.



PAGE 1

son. The calving period for the replacement heifers The cycles of the bull herds used in the breeding of is illustrated in Figure 11 by a dark, shaded area the adult cow herd and the replacement heifers must attached to the heifer cycle and labeled "CALVING be completed. The "closed" bull cycles are labeled PERIOD." After calving, the heifers are desig"BULLS" and are designated as such in Figure 12. nated "FIRST CALF HEIFERS" and are considered to be adult cows. The diagram, thus far, represents an overview of the major events occurring in a beef herd. All that is lacking are the dates when major events begin, end, ?"USTE or occur, and the lengths of certain events. t co w Her d OLOflA PERIW -S CA&m u\uLF -a .'O > N Ed A ardl , ow herd I \ / / \ s EMIms I / _ T V AdEultENn HIIFIS cow h er Start of Breeding Season ......................................................................... 3/15/90 End of Breeding Season ........................................................................... 6/13/90 Length of Breeding Season .................................................................... 90 days Length of Gestation (Herfords) ............................................................. 285 days Star t of Calving Season ....................... 12/25/90 FPW EDiiS » -B / FigurEnd of Calving Season ....................... 12 RAdult cow herd Start of Breeding Season ......................................................................... /13/90 End of Breeding Season ........................................ ........................ .. .6/13/90 Length of Breeding Season .................................................................... 90 days Length of Gestation (Herfords).. ....................................... 285 days Start of Calving Season .......................................................................... 12/25/90 End of Calving Season ............................................................................. 3/25/91 Replacement Heifers Start of Breeding Season ........................................ 2/13/90 End of Breeding Season ......................................... 5/14/90 Length of Breeding Season ........................................ 90 days Start of Calving Season ......................................... 11/25/90 End of Calving Season ......................................... 2/23/91 (Heifers calve 30 days before adult cow herd) Heifers are bred to calve as 3 year-olds Figure 13. 4



PAGE 1

As the calving season nears an end, the breeding bulls are added to the cow herd and the "BREEDING SEASON" begins. The addition of the bulls to the cow herd is illustrated as an arc intersecting the cow cycle and begins with the label "BULLS IN." PRIECNA DRY Cows (Figure 4) Because of the 90 day breeding season and the es/ AND R timated 285 day length of gestation, calving season and breeding season will overlap by approximately ' wu 10 days (90+285-365=10)./ The bulls remain with the adult cow herd for the duration of the "BREEDING SEASON." After the bulls are removed ("BULLS OUT"), the adult cow s LV herd continues in the annual cycle as pregnant cows that are nursing calves born during the preceding calving season. The cows are illustrated on the diagram as "PREGNANT COWS NURSING CALVES." (Figure 5) Figure 6. Eventually, calves nursing the pregnant cows will be weaned, and the cows will continue in the cycle as "PREGNANT DRY COWS," thus completing the annual cycle for the adult cow herd. The diagram now illustrates the beginning and the end of the "CALVING PERIOD," the beginning and / Aa Al end of the "BREEDING SEASON," and the time of "CALF WEANING." (Figure 6) / ant COWS / / WUE YU C A L V W C PeLWUWI I , · _ In PREGNANT DRY COWS CALVDG i STOCERS & FEEDERS Figure 7. PREGNANT COWS NURSIMG CALVES / U R/SIE / N CALVES~ _After the calves are removed from the cow herd V\ /^ ~ y~ /at "WEANING", a portion of them will be sold as \ / i " stocker and feeder calves. This is illustrated inFigure 7 by the "WEANED CALVES" line, ending with a "STOCKER & FEEDER" label. BULLS In addition, heifer calves selected as potential breeding replacements for the herd are separated from the "WEANED CALVES" and begin their Figure 5. cycle as "REPLACEMENT HEIFERS." (Figure 8) 2