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Monologue with Adolf Dial, August 13, 1969

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Title:
Monologue with Adolf Dial, August 13, 1969
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Dial, Adolph ( Speaker )
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Adolph Dial
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English

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Lumbee Oral History Collection ( local )

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UF Samuel Proctor Oral History Program
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UF Samuel Proctor Oral History Program
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Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
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LUM 225 ( SPOHP IDENTIFIER )

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I-
LUM 225A
Adolph Dial
June 21,1976
Dr. Samuel Proctor
MLH



This is Adolph Dial,)Associa .te Professor of HIstory, acting chairman of the History
and Political Science Department, Pembrooke State University. Today is August 13,1969.

Today, along with my fkther-in-law, Mr. Miles S. Jones, a native of SumPAon County who
A I
moved into Robertson County in the early 1930's, went to his old, original home Sumson

County or in the area of several different places where he lived in Sumpson. We visited

the home of Mr. and Mrs. Troy Bell. Mr. Troy Bell married Miss uh Polly Boyington.

While in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Broyington, we discussed sone of the Indian history.

Mrs. Broyington is well-informed on the Sumpson County history and who believes that

his people of Robertson County and the adjoining counties are basically of the same

racial stock. She pulled out sore old papers of interest. One is The Sampsonian,

MaaEhxaS, Thursday, March 3],1966 and this includes an article entitled "Sampson's

Indians Once Operated OQ-Scores". I shall read the article as it appears in The

Sampsonian on Thursday, March 31, 1966. "Hampton County's Indian population, forbidden

by law to send their children to white schools, and disdaining to send them to Negro

schools,once operated their own private schools in the county for their children.

Sometimes, shortly after 1910, the Indians, thend*ims known as Croatans, petitioned

the Sumpson County Board of Education for the establishment of a free public school

for Indian children. In the petition they pointed out that the Croatan Indians residing

in Sumpson County had had their residence here for over 200 years, that they were

taxpayers and citizens peacefully sharing all the burdens of the government and desiring

to share in all the benefits thereto. They pointed out that the census of 1910 showed

213 Indians in the county with over 100 of legal school age. These Indians are not

permitted to attend (and this in quotes) these Indians are not permitted to attend

and have no desire to attend the white schools and in no other section of the state

are they required to attend the colored schools". The petition pointed oat. It is also











pointed out to the school boand that the Indian parents were maintaining their own schools

as best they could, without amy benefit of tax dollars, yet they were required to and

were willing to pay county and state taxes. The petition also pointed out that the

Indians of Sumpson County were members of the sane family as those of Rcbertson County

which had recently provided separate schools for Indians. The account of the petition

by the Indians as well a a good deal of other information about the Sumpson County In-

dians is contained in a small privately printed volume by the late George E. Butler,

father of federal judge Algernon Butler and attorney Pete Butler of Quinton and

brother of the famous senator Marion Butler. The book entitlAd The Croatan of Sumpson

County: Their Origins and Racial Status-A Plea for Separate Schools was printed in 1916

and the Sumpson County Library has 1 copy. Simpson County Indians got their separate

schools in 1911 when the legislature approved them and for two years the county operated

a school for their exclusive use seeing to it that the Indians got their share of the

county school funds. The school, located in Township, was erected by

Indian families largely at their own expense. The teacher was a member of the Indian

race. In 1913 however, ibe school was closed due to friction generated when several

children with an Indian father and a Mulatto mother were sent to the school. The teacher,

acting according to the law, declined to admit them and in the fuss that followed, the

county simply refused to support the school farther. The legislature, in 1913, repealed

the act creating the Indian school and it was after this that Butler wrote his little

booklet which was a plea fr separate schools for the Indians. A tax rocls, correction,

the tax rolls for Suipson County in 1911 listed 62 Indian families in the county who

paid taxes, the majority of them in Heirings Township. Where these Indians are found in

the county, it will be noted that they are living in groups in certain sections. There

are other Indians in small numbers gathered here and there in other townships whose names

do not appear on the tax list separate from other races but they are not st. wrong enough

in number in these localities to assert their racial status because they xask realized











that it militated against them in social and other ways to do so and therefore, in lo-

calities where there are few, where there are few of them, they do not desire to alienate

the others, ykx they do not desire to alienate the other races in attempting to assert

their right as people of Indian descent said Butler in his little book. He pointed out

that many people feltthat the am Croatans were a mixture of white and Negro, but he

disagreed with this supposition and took pains to point out that the Indians in Sumpson

were readily recognized from their gentle appearance, their intelligence, their color

of their eyes, their skin, theirs straight black hair, their facial features, their

erect carriage, their~k clannishness, their gentle habits, and a that they were neither

white people nor Negro. And I quote "these people were never slaves and from the memory

of the oldest white inhabitant, they have always been free men. There is jo record that

ever purchase, there is no record that they ever purchased their freedom from former

white men. They have never been born or sold into slavery. Tfey were found living in

this country as free and separate people as long ago as we have any record of them.

In a few instances,there has been some mixtery of white and Negro bldod,but the whites

and the Negroes have not been so careful in guarding against the amahgamation of those

races as have the Indians to preserve intact and prevent their Indian blood fran mixture

with other races he said. Butler pointed out that the Sumpson County Indians for many

generations had intermarried with Indians of Robertson County and that the state had

provided fWS facilities for the Robertson Indians but would not do so for their cousins

in Sumpson. He listed 21 instances of intermarriage between Indians of the two counties,

plus a number of Robertson Indians who had moved into Sumpson and vice versa. .......'

THE Indian school in Heirings Township was erected by the county and the

Indians, with each paying half, by the county, correction, by the county and the Indians

with each paying half. Boyd CArver,an Indian of Bobertson County, was the first teacher

with the county and the school patron sharing his salary costs of $50 per month.











This was in 1910, but their schools go back much. earlier. They claim to have attended

white schools prior to 18355Pen when they were excluded. In 1859, they built a school

for their szitdxfm children which was taught by Alvin Manuel,an Indian. And this

Manuel later became,the name became Emmanuel. May I insert that myself here. After

the war, they were provided a school for their children but efforts to send Negro child-

ren to the same school forced it to close. Another Indian school was in Dismal Township

and was called Shiloh Indian Ax School. It was organized in 1910 with Anoch Emmanuel

Sr. as chairman. Miss Mattie B. Cummings a Croatan of Robertson County, was the teacher.

being paid $10 per month for two months. Later, the school was financed in part by pro-

ceeds from a cobton crop which the Indians planted, tended and harvested as a means

of securing funds for the school operation. According to Butler, they asked the county

for aid but once and when this was refused, they continued to support their skv schools

in their own wam way while also continuing to pay taxes. The Croatans are no longer

ak called by that Rmmma nane, but they should be used to axsfai rechanging of the

uh,uh, correction, the Croatans are no longer called by that name, but they should be

used to the changing of their nane since the state of North Carolina has done this at

least three times. At one time, they were designated as Cherokees, but they objected

so strongly to this that the state changed the designation to Croatans giving honor to

the Indian belief that they are descendants of Indian and white settlers of the lost

colony. In 1910, there were.....in 1910, there were 6317 ,correction,6000, uh, just

a minute here, this is hard to make mixk out, uh, let's see now, it is six thousand

something, 68]7, 6817 such Indians in 8 counties of the state,but of course, they have

grown in population, and in 1950, there-were over 7000 in, excuse me, in 1950, there

were over 700 in Sumpson County as opposed to 213 listed in the 1910 census. Several

years ago, the name of the Indians was changed once more at their request. This time

they were designated as Lumbee Indians. This is not the end of the article but a page

is missing.

Also,uh, here, there is a very uh, in this sane article, there is a very interest-











ing picture with uh, uh,cne, two, three, for, five, six, seven,eitht, nine,ten, eleven,twelve,

thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen ,eighteen ,nineteen, twenty, twenty-one, twenty-

two, twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-sevei, twenty-eight, twenty-nine,

thirty, thirgy-one,...thirty-four school children. And,uh, this is a uh, looks like

a one room school building from the front here, with no window in front, the door in

the center, and uh, this picture was made out in front of the school here...uh, we find

uh, this, this picture here includes uh by uh,uh father-in-law Miles S. Jones Sr.,

and uh this reads "Indians Finance School"- "This school, Indian School

in Heirings Township was built jointly by the Indian families of the Heiring community

and the county in 1911. But the county refused to operate it after 1913, and for several ji

years, it was operated as a private school by the Indian patrons. This photo was made

during the period of 19-1916 and appears in a little booklet about the Sumpson County

Indians written by the late George E. Butler ofskim Clinton. I might add here that

uh, I have a clipping uh from another newspaper which uh reads uh "HQmeco-ing Queen"-

Kay Bell, a freshman student from Route 3, Clinton, was crowned homecoming queen at

Mt. Olive College Saturday night. Left to right: Charles L. Harper of Newport News,

Virginia -the queen's escort, Miss Bell, Miss Janice S. Todd of Goldber, last year's

queen who crowned the newqueen, and Al R. Warwick of Claiborne,Mississippi- Todd's escort.

This goes to show,uh, many of the people today that S ft consider Lumbeesl are mh they've

gone into various areas of the world and uh, they have done exceptionally well. Scattered

over the fifty states, ly the thousands in Baltimore, thousands in Detroit, thousands

in many in Charlotte, many in Wilmington, many in all the leading cities

in the United States, these people, when given an opportunity, have shown themselves

to compete with people of all races. I h also have in my hand, ma x a little pah pam-

phlet written by Mr. Anoch Emmanuel ,the late Anoch Emmanuel, June 15, 1921, Cooper,

North Carolina. In the preface, it reads Dear Indian friends; Having failed to get

money enough print the manuscriptse I have written for each family of my own race, I am

l










forced
fixsk to resort to nioPs exxame o a shorter method. I have written a genealogical

list that will help everyone to trace up himself for others. The map will show the

connection in marriage ties in Sunpson County, North Carolina. The marriage list will

show it in Sumpson and other counties. I suppose this effort may be criticized,but

to those who feel disposed to do so, I mmx would say I have done my best and if any-

one else can do better, I shall be glad to see it done". Page one begins with the ge-

nealogical and marriage lists. The Smith family is of Indian and white origin. They

have Indian traits-, MAKE THEM SMART

AND INDUSTRIOUS. The sane may be said of the Burnett. family. Ben B. Burnett is a brick-

makex mason, caster, andfitme finder. The Ammons family are almost extinct, extinct,

but the white blood predominates in most of them. Jim Amons died in France-his wife

Ollie B. Annmns is a school teacher and teaches in the Indian schools. She was educa-

ted at Pembrooe, North Carolina. Timothy Goodmanlived in Sumpson County. The records

in the registry of deeds office of Sumpson COunty show that he was a large owner bexre

the Civil War. The Goodman's are an industrious people-they own real estate in Sumpson

County. Nancy, the grandmother and great-grandmother of those Goodmans, now in this

county was a typical Cherokee Indian,both in looks and face. She was a midwife and

after she had performed the duties ofLher office, she would dance the Indian dance,

after the custom of the Indians of many years ago. Next we come to the Stricklands-they

own real estate in Heiring Township and are industrious and kind. We need not mention

the connection of these people iasit shows,as it is shown in the list of marriages in

this pamphlet. They have always been classed with the rest of the classified Indians

and have been their asso, associates ever since the writer has known them. We now come

to the Jacobs families. Ihey are the descendants of Primus and Abraham Jacobs who lived

on Roan's Swamp in Marsh Branch in Sumpson County, North Carolina. Prior to the Revol-

utionary War in 1764, a grant from King George III was issued to Abraham Jacobs for

200 acres of land on Roan's Swamp-see Register of Deeds records in Sumpson County-Book

I, page 474. Later, in 179], Cornelius Sikes conveyed to him 36 acres on the south side










See
of Six Runs in Sumpson County. Book IX-page:,22. Primus Jacobs was a soldier in the

Revolutionary War. He was a grandfather of Gabriel and Archie Jaoobs, was kind and

XeEx free-hearted and a well-organized man. His physical strength was more than that

of the ordinary man. He was a by trade. Jesse Jacobs was a Baptist

minister. He owned land on Bear Skin Swamp. The writer of this pamphlet remembers

very well when he owned 600 acres of land near Bear Skin Swamp. And like the personal

property, he was buried iK in Wayne County. There are a good many of the Simnons fami-

ly in Sumpson County. They are the descendants of the late Grain Sinmmns jwho married

Betsy J. Thornton in the year 1843. She was the mother of William Sinmcns and had, and

has had nu, numerous grandchildren now living in Sumpson County. Betsy was half white

and half Indian. William's father was James Simmons of Fable, North Carolina who mar-

ried Winnie 1edline. He made affadavits in 1902 in order that her son William could

vote under the gaxax grandfather clause that her mother was wx a white woman and her

father an Indian. The history of the Croatans of Sumpson County-page 62. William claims

that his grandfather and grandmother on his father's side were Indians and came from

Roanoke _. t They are good specimens of the Indian race. They are indus-

trious and good William Simmons was a member of the Indian clan at its

first organization and elected treasurer of the clan. They lived in South Clinton Town-

ship and owned lots of land and other personal property. They are well-to-do people-

they are kin to the Winds. You will see in the marriage lists their connection. The

Maynor family is about the largest family of Indiansin Sumpson County except the

Braingtons. The My iMynor's are said to be descendants of Matio, the friendly Indian

chief that was made lord of Roanoke by the white people after his voyage across the

ocean to England.-see McMillan's History of the Indians of Robertson County. Matio

was always friendly with the whites and we suppose he had a loving and friendly appear-

ance with the Indians. The Maynor's are the most friendly and loving sets of Indians

on the consideration known to the writer of thisxmn pamphlet. It is not unreasonable










Mayor' s
to think they inherited it from Matio. The ~IT asm are of jbure Indian blood mingled

with white. The Maynors have many Indian traits. In the former days, they were

mighty hunters and fishermen and very expert with their bows and guns, but now-apany

of them are good farmers. The Manuel's can be traced back to about fihe beginning of

the 17th century. Nicholas Manuel derived his name from two batchelors,namely Nicho-

las and Manuel Canobley. Tradition te&ls us he was a

found at the door of Nicholas and Manuel Canobley and was given the name Nicholas:

Manuel, He had a son and called his name Ethraim Manuel. This Emmanuel had a son and
he was
named him Nicholas. He was called Nicholas-mambno the third generation and married

Millie Hale, a white woman. _Emmanuel was a soldier in the Revolutionary

War. He was the father of Shade, Lum, and Mike and Ethraim, Nicholas anSticie and

SThey claim that their Indian ancestors were the Indians that occupied the

county about Roanoke River. The Manuel's sometime k in the latter part of the seven-

teenth century and the first part of the Eckh eighteenth century married

on correction,on big Coharie,little Coharie, and soft

A dreat many of them moved north prior to the Civil War and since then,

some have gone south. The name of late is spelled Emanuel. Dave Hardin and Joanathan

Hardin lived on Big Coharie many years ago. The Hardin family of Indians in Sumpson

County have passed out. Amos Hardin, __Hardin,J.D.1ardin,and Hardin is spelled

Hardin and Henry Hardin were buried in the Braington Cemetary on Beaver Dam Swamp.

Augustus Robertson is the only family of Robertsons living in this county at present.

He is a descendant of Jim Robertson who recently died in Robertson County. She&ly

Namath was the wife, was the first wife of James Robertson. They were refugees at the

close of the Civil War and Shelly died near Kenston, North Carolina and was buried in

Lenore County. Afterwards, he married and I shall spell this, Edielizer, her sister.

They were the daughters of Bob Namath. This individual, Edielizer, was the mother of

Augustus Robertson. He is very industrious and a good citizen. We next turn to the

A" ington Family,











The records in the office of the Register of Deeds in Supson County show that Hannah

Brewington purchased land in Sumpson County in the year 1807. He lived in Sumpson

County from 1775 to 1850. She was the xmkiwkk am mother of Raiford Brewington. He

was a good and a well-to-do man. He raised a large family of children.

He was buried in the Brewington Cemetary at his home. The Brewington's own real estate

in this county. They are like the Maynor's, kind and generous. H.A.Brewington and

wife are buried in the Brewington Cemetary. There is another set of Brewingtons on

the west side of Little Ooharie. They are the descendants of the old man Johnson Brew-

ington.who married Nancy Emmanuel, the daughter of Jack Emmanuel. There is but one

family of Bells living in this section at present. For many years ago, they owned real

estate-on the ask east side of South River. J.H.Bell is a descendant of Larkin Bell

and Billie Corbit. They are true specimens of Indians. The family lived

in South Clinton Township. They are good and classified with all others you

can see in the general listx)f marriages. The Jones family on the west side of Little

Coharie that lived in Dismal Township are descendants of the Brooks and

Jones is very punctual and seems very much interested intact trying to ele-
the
vate his race. The Grove families are descendants of the Maynor's and James Grove

and the Carter's. The Whiteheads are the descendants of the Maynors and John Whitehead.

Luther Wilkdxi,Luther Wilkins father was Wilkins and

Wilkins married Teelatha an Indian woman of Robertson County.He has several

sons and daughters. They are all good Indians. Luther Wilkins, the son of

Wilkins, married Mary Smith, daughter of Daniel Smith. They are relatives of White-

heads and Maynors. The Wilkins family shows their Indian blood by their features and

their traits. They are good and kind and friendly and are liked by the people of their

community. Luther Wilkins had several children. His grandfather was Perry Wilkins who

married Sally Revell. His grandfather was Scion Mikih Wilkins who married Rodicy

Carver. Scion Wilkins was the son of Jonas Wilkins, a white man that came from England.

William J. son of Polly Yi3 a It i Spej eiso,












has always been a citizen of Sumpson County. His mother was a white woman, the daughter

of Robin Bedsole, his father unknown to us. He has always with

Indians and has been as much or more than any other Indian in Sumpscn County to have

our race classified and recognized as Indians public schools. He has spent

more money than any other Indian in Sumpson to elevate the Indian race.

Emmanuel, son of: Ephraim, married Millie Hale. _Emmanuel son of

married Zilpha and Hardin, daughter of Si Hardin.Fred Emmanuel (notice where

he is used an "E" to the Manuel now), Fred Emmanuel, son of-Shead, married

and uh, is listed here as white, daughter of Bill Ishman

Emmanuel, son of Shea-, married Patsy Emmanuel, daughter of Mike Emmanuel, and Carmin
5Ae-
Emmanuel, son of Shead, married Margaret Jacobs, daughter of Peter Jacobs. Madison

Emmanuel, son of Shead, married Sally Elizer Draughon, listed as white,daughter of John

Draughon. Shack Emmanuel married Sara Clifton,Clifton listed das white. Mike Emmanuel,

son of _, married Bethina Hardin And Hardin and Tharby Hardin, the

daughter of Jonathan Hardin, and Gideon Emmanuel, son of Mike, married Liza Bedsole,

daughter of Polly Bedsole. and M.A.Emmanuel, son of Mike, married Anna E. Brewington,

daughter of RAiford Brewington. Edmund Emmanuel, son of Mike, married Susan E. Jackson,

ta Kesxxg bg o g white, Jacksonwhite, daughter

of Jackson. J.H.Emmanuel, son of Mike, married Sally Wand white, Wandwhite.

W.H.EKammme Emmanuel, son of Mike, married A. Hardin, daughter of Amos Hardin, also

Kate Jones white.Anoch Emmanuel ,son of Mike, married Sarah E. Hardin, daughter of Amos.

Jonah Emmanuel, son of Amos, married Berta Bedsole,daughter of W.J.Bedsole. Anoch

Emmanuel, son of Amos, married Bedsole, daughter of W.J.Bedsole. Nicholas

Emmanuel, son of married Emmanuel. Emmanuel, son of

Nicholas, marriedDruzella Emmanuel, daughter of Mike. M.B.Emmanuel, son of

married Nancy Maynor, daughter of Samson Maynor. E.J.Emmanuel, son of _

married Sarah Margaret Hanmrns, Sylvester Enmanuel,son of M.B.,married Martha Jane

Brewington, daughter of Simeon Simon Brewington. William J. Bedsole married Nancy











Emmanuel, daughter d'f ike Emmanuel. W.L.Bedsole, son of Willia Lmnames Bedsole, married

Amanda Warwick, daughter of uh a Warwick here that I can't make out, Tuh,thihs is torn

here, but it looks like ai um, uh oh, yes I have it k now- married Hannah Warwick.

James Warwick, son of Wilbur, married Manatee Pampson, Manssie Rampson, daughter of Mar-

tin. Frank Warwick married Lady Jones. D.W.McClain married .

Jack Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Lilly Wilkewhite, the daughter of John Wilkes,

white. Robert Maynor, the son of Jack Maynor, married ''.'.' Monroe, the daughter

of Hugh Monroe. John Maynor, the son of Robert, married Betsy Maynor, the daughterof

Matthew Maynor. McKinley Maynor, the son of John, married Lilly Maynor, the daughter

of Arthur Maynor. Jess Maynor, the son of Robert Maynor,married Josie Maynor, the

daughter of Matthew Maynor. Steven Maynor, the son of Robert Maynor, married

Maynor, the daughter 6f Maynor. Andrew Maynor, the son of Robert, married

Phance,kte daughter of Nathan Phance. He also married uh Neely Maynor, the daughter of

Matthew Maynor. Bob Maynor, son of John Maynor, married America Emmanuel, daughter

of Shead-Emmanuel. Steven Maynor, son of BOB, married Frances Brewington, daughter

of Nathan Brewington. Maynor, son of Steven, married Martha Thomas, daughter

of Steven Thomas. Watha Maynor, son of steven, married LIzzie Jackdon, daughter of Bill-

C. Jackson, white. Samson Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Loney Emmanuel,daughter

of Shade. Hilry Maynor, son of Samson, married Tharby Hall,s Tharby Hall, also Edielizer

Chance,daughter of Jack Maynor. Archie Maynor, son of Hilry, married Maggie Carter,
the
snmEiax2x daughter of James Carter. Steve Maynor, son of Jack Maynor, married Martha

Jacobs,daughter of Jess Jacobs. Steve Maynor, son of Steven, married Cora B. Rampson.

John Robertson Maynor, son of Steven Maynor, married Rena A. Strickland, daughter of

James Strickland. James Henry Maynor, son of Steven, married Minnie Carter, daughter

of James Carter. Rubell Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Lizzie Emmanuel, daughter

of Shade Emmanuel. Matthew Maynor, son of Reuben Maynor, married Mary Maynor, daughter

of Samson Maynor. Joe Maynor, son of Reuben, married Frances Maynor, daughter of











Hilry Maynor. Troy Maynor, son of Samson Maynor, married Maggie Whitehead, daughter

of Henry Whitehead. W.A.Maynor, son of Samson, married Vera Whitehead,daughter of

Henry Whitehead. Both Maynor, son of W.A.Maynor, married Ira Dublin, daughter of W.E.

Dublin. W.M.Maynor, grandson of Samson, married Nancy L. Smith, daughter of Daniel

Smith. J.H.Grove, son of James Grove, married Nancy L. Carter, daughter of John Carter.

Marlon Maynor, son of W.M.Maynor, married Rena Brewington, daughter of O.B.Brewington.

Lee Whitehead, grandson of Samson Maynor, married Lilly Carter, daughter of James Oarter.

Troy Maynor, son of Matthew Maynor, married Rebecca Maynor, daughter of Robert Maynor.

Willie Maynor, son of Robert, married Rita Grove, granddaughter of Samson Maynor. Robert

Maynor, son of BOB Maynor, married Betsy Jacobs, daughter of Jess Jacobs. W.D.Maynor,

son of Robert, married Susie Lowry. Arthur J~mx Maynor, son of Robert, married Penny

Lowry. Bell married Elma Palmer, also uh, Emmanuel, the daughter

of Eli Emmanuel. Larsen Bell married Darcy Corbett,the daughter of Billy Corbett.

Hughie Bell married Colin Maynor, the daughter of Troy Maynor. Steven Thomas, son of

Anna Thonas, married Emnanuel, daughterof Mike Emmanuel. J.R.Thomas,

son of Steven,married Ira Levi Thomas, son of J.R., married Susan Carter,
J.R.
daughter of John Carter. Alfred Thomas,son of awnE, married Alice Browm. The Faircloth

families live in Sotith Clinton Township and have relatives in WAyne County. Nancy

Faircloth, the other of Wesly Fairclobh, is the daughter of Susan Armword. Wesly

Faircloth married Laurie Simmons, daughter of William Simmons. Faircloth,

son of Wesly, married Rhoda Maynor, daughter of John R. Maynor. The Smith family-Daniel

Smith married Rebecca Whitehead, daughter of Althea Whitehead. Henry Smith, son of

Daniel, married Eveline Feeberry, the daughter of Madison Feeberry. The

family, the family in Sumpson County, living in Dismal Township are the

descendants-of Matthew Burnett who married Elizabeth Chance, the daughter of Ivan Chance.

who have relatives in Robertson County. Matthew Burnett, the son of Matthew, married

Mosely Bledsole, the daughter of W.J.Bledsole. James Robertson married E...E...

Eilizer Maynor, the daughter of Bob Maynor. Augustus Robertson, the son of James










Scion
phbertson, mari~d Arititer laynor, daughter of W.A.Maynor. Byc W~san, Scn of Jonq

Wilson's wife, married Carter. Cary Wi'lson, son of Scion, married Sally

Ruthers. Williton Wilson, son of Cary,of Cary, married iK ...... Wallace.

Luther Wilson, son of Williton, married Millie Smith, daughter of Daniel Smith. Robert

Wilson, son of Williton, married Sally Maynor, daughter of W.A.Naynor.

Amrnns, son of Ela Amrmns, married Ollie Bell Brewington, daughter of M.L.Brewington.

He diedsa somewhere in France, November 21, 1918 while serving in the American army.

Calvin Ammons married Lula GoodmanS,daughter of Lofton Goodmans. William Amrans, son

of Lula, married Miltry Simmons, daughter of Julius Sirmons. John Jones, son of

Martha Jones, married Ann Brewington, daughter of H.A.Brewington, Hardy Jones,



son of John Jones, married Bertha Hammons. Alan Jones married Luberta Brewington,

daughter oa W.D.Brewington. Thomas Jones, son of Martha Jones, married Avie Ann

Strickland, daughter of James Strickland, also _________ Brewington, daughter of Ar-

thur Brewington, uh, the daughter of Arthur Brewington. Robert Jones, son of Tmcp, mar,-

ried Betsy Brewington, daughter of W.D.Brewington. J.S.Jones, son of Thomas Jones,

married Hattie Jones, the daughter of John Jones. Hassy Jones, son of Finty Jones,

married L. Emmanuel, daughter of Enoch Emmanuel. Archie Jacobs, son of Peter

Jacobs, married J.Manuel, the daughter of ______ Manuel. Amos Jacobs, the

son of Art, married eMhilda Goodman, the daughter of Timothy Goodman. James W.Jacobs,

son of Amos, married Lucy Carter, daughter of James Carter. Jesse Jacobs, son of Art,

married Catharine Carter, daughter of John Carter. He also married _____ ,

widow of _. Jay Jacobs, brother of Art, married Kitty Emmanuel,

daughter of Mike Emmanuel. Allan Henry Jacobs married uh Paish Goodman, daughter of

Tim Goodman. John Jacobs, son of and Henry, married Bertha Jacobs, daughter of

Amos. Wally Jacobs, sonEc Isaac Jacobs, married Sylvania Maynor, daughter of Matthew

Maynor. James Strickland, son of Buddy Strickland, married Lucy Ann Brewington,daughter












of Raiford Brewington. Matthew Strickland, son of James, married Louisa Maynor, daughter
.. . -. .. I
of Steven Maynor. Strickland, son of James, married ..... Goodman, daughter

of Lofton Goodman. Coy Strickland, son of married Nora Simmcns, daughter of Sam

Simnons. Jess Jacobs, son of Abraham Jacobs, married Abby Jacobs. J.E.Jacobs, son of

Jess, married Maggie Bryant, daughter of Polly Bryant. J.R.Jacobs, son of Jess, married

Polly A. Brewington, daughter of Raidord. Jess Jacobs, son of Jess, married Sally Brid-

ges, uh, Sally Bridges. Janes V. JAcobs, son of Jess, married Oxie Simnons, daughter

of William Simtns. George Jacob, son of William Jacobs, married Lizzie Luckler, Robin

Jacobs, son of Bob, married Minnie Jacobs, daughter of Amos Jacobs. Timothy Goodwin

married Nancy Maynor, daughter of John Maynor. Lofton Goodwin, son of Timothy, married

uh Bethea Jacobs, daughter of Gabriel Jacobs. Joanthan Goodwin, son of Timothy,married

Dorothy Maynor, daughter of Marcy Maynor. W.E.Goodwin, son of Jonathan, married

Jeanette Brewington, daughter of James Brewington. I.A.Goodman, son of W.E.Goodman,

married Betty Strickland, daughter of Matthew Strickland. Harley Goodwin, son of Jonathan,

married Dora Williams, daughter of SOlomcn Williams. Reuben Goodman, son of Timothy,

married Merty,Jacobs, daughter of Francis Jacobs. Jonathan Hardin, son of Dave Hardin,

married Lanny Jackson, white. Amoson Hardin, son of Jonathan, married Cathy Lockemy,

white,the daughter of sfm~haansd Eli Lockemy. John B. HArdin, son of Amos, married

Jay Jacobs, daughter of Arch Jacobs. Henry Hardin, son of Amos, married Anna B.Jacobs,

daughter of Arch Jacobs. Ivan Chance married Emmanuel, daughter of Shade Emnanuel.

Nathan Chance, son of Ivan Chance, married Edilizer Maynor, daughter of Jack Maynor.

Alvin Chance, son of Nathan Chance, married Louisa Maynor, daughter of Robert Maynor.

and Martha Maynor, daughter of Steven Thomas and... daughter of Steven Thomas. William

H. Chance, grandson of Ivan Chance, wa mxd and son of Henry Chance, married Mary T.

Jacobs, daughter of Isaac Jacobs. Steven Thomas, son of Anna Thomas, married Scintilla

Emmanuel, daughter of Mike Emmanuel. J.R.Thomas of Steven,married Ira Chavis, and

Oliver Chavis, son of William, married Sylesta Strickland. GreenSamson married Betsy











J. Thornton and William Sirmns married Penny Winn.and Percy Simmuns married Dora Brew-

ington, daughter of H.A.Broyington and A.B.Sirnars, no, J.B.Sinmins married Ella Bams

-- Bafford, daughter of Louis Bafford.

The family here seems to stem from Smith, Burnett, Ammrns, Goodman, Strickland, Jacobs,

Simmons, Maynor, Emmanuel, Hardin, Rabertson, Brewington, Bell, Jones, Grove, White--

head, Wilkins, Bledsole. This particular uh, this uh map here showing the connection

of ties of Indian races also found in the C.D.Brewington pamphlet. This one here was

pxmeasand prepared by Mr. Enoch Emmanuel. I have one page o f names uh similar to

those that I have already gone over that I did not list due to the tape end-I think I

have given enough any way. Uh, August 13,1969 Adolph Dial speaking,reporting on SEmr

Sampson County Indians.




Full Text
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LUM 225A Adolph Dial June 2;J..,1976 Dr. Samuel Proctor MLH I 'Ihis is Adolph Dial,)Associa ite Professor of History, acting chai:rman of the History and Political Sciencs Depa.rtnent, Penibrooke State University. Today is August 13,1969. Today, along with 1t1Y father-in-law, Mr. Miles S. Jones, a native of sunfsJ County who /\ ! \" moved into Robertson Comty in the early 1930's, went to his old, original heme Sumson i Comty or in the area of several different places where he lived in Surrpson. We vi.sited ,:: r the hone of Mr. and Mrs. Troy Bell. Mr. Troy Bell married Miss uh Polly Boyington. " . I While in the horre of Mr. and Mrs. Broyingtan, we discussed sorre of the Indian history. Mrs. Broyington is well-informed on the Surrpson County histo:cy and who beiieves that his people of Robertson County and the adjoining comties are basically of the sane racial stock. She pulled out sorre old papers of interest. One is •.rhe Sampsonian, I ~, Thursday, March 3] ,1966 and this includes an article entitlf'~d "Sanpsan's Indians Once Operated Orill-:Scores". I shall read the article as it appears in 1he Sarrpsonian, on Thursday, March 31, 1966. "Hanpton County's Indian population,fo:rbidden by law to send their children to white schools, and disdaining to send them to Negro schools,once operated their CM.n private schools in the comty for their cqildren. Sorcetines, shortly after 1910, the Indians, tl~ knCM.n as Croatans, Jeti tioned the Sunpson County Board of Education for the establishrrent of a free pJlic school I for Indian children. In the petition they pointed out that the Croatan Indians residing in Surrpson County had had their residenre here for over 200 years, that they were taxpayers and citizens peacefully sharing all the burdens of the gove~t and desiring to share in all the benefits thereto. 'lhey pointed out that the census o! 1910 shaved I I 213 Indians in the county with over 100 of legal school age. These Indians are not i pennitted to attend (and this in quotes} "these Indians. are not pennitted to attend and have no desire to attend the white schools and in no other section of1the are they mquired to attend the colored schools". '.!he petitioo point,,d it L____ ---state It is also

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).. J?Ointed out to the school boa,m that the Indian parents were maintaining thcir cwn schools QI\\ as best they could, without .mqc benefit ofr\ tax dollars, yet they were required to and I were willing to pay comty and state taxes. 'The petition also pointed outl that the Indians of Sumpson Comty were irerrbers of the sane flllni:ly as those of Rcbertson County I which had .recently provided separate schools for Indians. 'Ihe account of the petition by the Indians as well c5 a good deal of other infonnation about the Surrpson county In ! dians is contained in a small privately prin1;ed volurreby the late George E. Butler, father of federal ju:ige Algemon Butler and attorney Pete Butler of obnton and J ;r .. a,.,"s brother of the farrous senator Marion Butler. 'Ihe book entitled '!he Croatan of Sunpsm i'County: 'Iheir Origins and Racial Status-A Plea for Sepatfate Schools was printed in 1916 f~h0 and the Sunpson Comty /\Librm:y has 1 copy. smrwson County Indians got their separate schools in 1911 when the legislature approved them and for two years the cbmty operated a school.for their exclusive use seeing to it that the Indians got their slare of the I comty school fmds. '.Ihe school, located in _____ TcMnship, was erected by Indian families largely at their cwn expense. '!he teacher was a rrenber of the Indian rare. In 1913 ha.vever, 1he school was closed due to friction generated when several children with an Indian :father and a Mulatto nother were sent to the schodl. The teacher, I acting according to the law, declined to adrni t them and in the fuss that follc:Med, the c:omty sru:rrply refused to support the school farther. '!he legislature, in 11913, repealed the act creating the Indian school and it was after this that Butler wrote \his little I booklet which was a plea :lbr separate schools for the Indians. A tax roiblJ, correction, the tax rollsfor Smpson County in 1911 listed 62Indian families in J county who paid taxes, the majority of them in Heirings Tcwnship. Where these Indians are found in the c:omty, it will be noted that they are living in groups in certain sections. 'lhere are other Indians in small nurrbers gathered here and there in other townships whose narres do not appear on the tax. list separate from other rares but they are not lt rong enough I I in nurrber in these localities to assert their racial status because they~ realized

PAGE 3

s the:!::. it militated against them in social and other ways to do so and therefore, in lo. I calities where there are few, where there are few of them, they do not des 1 ire to alienate the others, px they do not desire to alienate the other races in atternptihg to assert i I their right as people of Indian descent said Butler in his little book. He pointed out that many r:;eople felt-that the~ Croatans were a mixture of white and Negro, but he i disagreed with this supposition and took pains to J?Oint out that the Indians in Surrpson readily rea:,gnized from their gentle ar:paamnce, their intelligence, rir color of their eyes, their skin, theil:Xk straight black hair, their facial features, their erect carriage, theird clannishness, their gentle habits, and 11 that the~ were neither white people nor Negro. And I qoote "these people were never slaves and fran the nerro:ry of the oldest white i.nhooitant, they haw always been free man. There is+ record that ever purchase, there is no record that they ever purchased their freedom ~rom fonrer I white nen. '.I.hey have never been bom or sold into slave:ry. !f'iey were fmiqd living in this munt;ry as free and separate people as long ago aswe have any remrd of tnern. In a few instances,there has been so.rre roixte:ry of wlu.'-1:e and Negro bll patron sharing his salary costs of $50 per/month. i

PAGE 4

This was in 1910, but their schools go back much~ earlier. white schools prior to 1835wmm: when they were excluded. I '!hey claim to,have attended I J.n a859, they bmlt a school / for their~ children which was taught by Alvin M.anuel,an Indian. And this M.anrel later becarre,the narre becarre Emmanuel. May I insert that elf here. After the war, they were. provided a school for their children but efforts to send Negro children to the sarre school forced it to close. and was called Shiloh Indian SX School. Another Indian school was in Dismal Tarm.ship It was organized in 1910 with AAoch Emmanuel Sr. as chainnan. Miss Mattie B. CUrnmings , a Croatan of Rcbertson County, was the teacher. being paid $10 per m::nth for two mcnths. Later, the sdlochl was finanred in part by proI ceeds from a cobton crop which the Indians planted, tended, and harvested 1 as a rreans of securing funds for the school operation. Accc:rding to Butler, they asked the county for aid but once and when this was refused, they continued to support their mm schools in their own ND way while also continuing to pay taxes. The Croatans are no longer Rix called by that 11ta1tew1s1. narre, but they should be used to m:torim re changing of the uh,uh, correction, the Croatans are no longer called by that nane, but ~y should be I used to the changing of their nane sinre the state of North Carolina has done this at least three tirres. At one tine, they were designated as Cherokees, but they objected so strongly to this that the state changed.the designation to Croatans givmng honor to I the Indian belief that they are descendants of IndianJand white settlers of the lost i a::>lony. In 1910, there were in 1910, there were 6317 ,correction,6000, uh, just a minute here, this is hard to make mKt out, uh, let 1 s see now, it is six thousand sorrething, 68]7,6817 such Indians in 8 oounties of the state,but of course, they have grown in population, and in 1950, there 0 were over 7000 in, excuse rre, in 1950, there I were over 700 in Surrpson County as opposed to 213 listed in the 1910 cens:US. Several years ago, the narre of the indians was changed once rrore at their request.I This ti.rre they were designated as Lumbee Indians. This is not the end of the article but a page is missing. i I Also, uh, here, there is a ver:y uh, in this sarre article, there is a '?8rf interest

PAGE 5

ing picture with uh, uh,ane, b
PAGE 6

forced ' fixsx to resort to~ a shorter rrethod. I have written a genealogical list that will help everyone to trace up hirrself for others. The map will shav the connection m marriage ties in Sumpsc:n Comty, North Carolina. The rnam:-iage list will shav it in Sumpson and other comties. I suppose this effort may be criticized ,but I to those who feel disposed to do so, I would say I have done nrl best and if anyone else can do better, I shall be glad to see it done 11 Page one beg;ins with the ge nealogical and marriage lists. The Smith family is of Indian and white origin. They have Indian trai.ts________ , , MAKE THEM SMAR!' -----AND INDUSTRIOUS. The sane may be said of the Bumett. family. Ben B. Bumett is a brick/ mmmx mason, caster, an~ finder. The Arrmons family are a.lmJst extinct, extinct,' but the white blood predominates in rrost of them. Jim Amrrons died in France-his wife Ollie B. Arnm:ns is a school teadler and teaches in the Indian sdlools. She was educaI ted at Perrbroolle, North carolina. Tiirothy Goodrnanlived in Sumpson Comty 1 The records in the registxy of deeds office of Surrpson COmty show that he was a larJ CMner be!9re the Civil War. 'Ihe Goodman's are an industrious people-they own real estate in Sumpson Comty. Nancy, the grandnother and great-grandrrother of those Goodmans, now in this comty was a typical Cherokee Indian,both in looks and face. She was a midwife and after she had perfomed the duties o:E..her office, she 'WOuld dance the rna1.an dance, I after the custom. of the Indians of many years ago. Next we cone to the Stricklands-they CMn real estate in Heiring 'Ibwnship and are industrious and kind. vJe need not rrention the connection of these people 1asit shavs,as it is shown in the list of marriages in I this paIDpllet. They have always been classed with the rest of the classified Indians I and have been their asso, associates ever smce the writer has knCMn them. vJe now care to the Jacobs families. 'lhey are the descendants of Primus and Abraham Jacobs who lived on Roan' s Swamp in Marsh Brandl in Sumpson County, North carolina. Prior to the Revol' utionacy War in 1764, a grant from King George III was issued to Abraham Jaccbs for I 200 acres of land on Roan's Swarrp-see ~gist.er of Deeds records in Surrpson County-Bcx:>k I I, page 4 74. Later, in 179] , Cornelius Sikes conveyed to him 36 acres on the south side

PAGE 7

See of Six Rtms in Sunpson County. Book IX-pagel..122. l?rimus Jaccbs was a soldier in the Revoili.utiomu:y War. He was a grandfather of Gabriel and Archie Jacobs, was kind and . I :xmD{ free-hearted and a well-organized man. His physical strength was.nore than that of the ordinai::y man. He was a _______ by trade. Jesse Jaccbs wl a Baptist minister. He owned land on Bear Skin Swanp. The writer of this panphlet renenibers ver:y well when he CMned 600 acres of land near Bear Skin Swanp. And like the personal property, he was buried:m in Wayne County. T.here are a good many of the 1 Sirrmons fami1 ly in Surrpson County. 'lhey are the descendants of the late Grain Sirrm::ns iwho married I Betsy J. 'lhomton in the year 1843. She was the rrother of William Sinmons and had, and has had nu, nunerous grandchildren nCM licing in Sunpson County. Betsy was half white and half Indian. William's father was Janes Simrons of Fable, North Carolina who marl ried Winnie M3dline. He made affadavits in 1902 in order that her son William could vote mder the g2IXm{ igrandfather clause;that her n:other was BX a white Jrnan and her father an Indian. 'Ihe histo:r:y of the Croatans of Sumpson Comty-page 62. William claims that his grandfather and grandrrother on his father's side were Indians and cane from I Roanoke 112 'Ibey are good specirrens of the Indian race. 'lhey are indus-----trious and good William Sinm:ms was a nenber of the Indian I clan at its -----! first organization and elected treasurer of the clan. 'lhey lived in South Clinton 'Ibwnship and CMned lots of land and other personal property. 'Ihey . are well-to-do people they are kin to the Winds. You will see in the mam:-iage lists their connection~ 'Ihe I Maynor family is about the largest family of Indians~in Surrpson County except the I Briwingtons. 'Ihe Ml[ Nl.ynor!s are said to be descendants of Matio, the friendly Indian chief that was made lord of Ibanoke by the white people after his voyage across the ocean to England. -see McMillan's History of the Indians of Robertson County. Matio I was always friendly with the whites and we suppose he had a loving and friendly appearance with the Indians. 'lhe Maynor',s are the n:ost friendly and loving set~ of Indians ! on the consideration inCMn to the writer of this~ parrphlet. It is not mreasonable

PAGE 8

Maynor's to think they inherited it from Matio. 'lhe .hmli&m are of ~ure Indian blood mingled I with white. 'lhe Maynors have many Indian traits. In the fonrer days, they were nu...ghty hunters and fisher:nen and very expert with their bows and guns, but! nowTIJJany of them are good fa:r::rrers. 'lhe Manuel's can be trared back to about 1fue beginning of the 17th rentw:y. Nicholas Manuel derived his narre from tlvo batchelors,narrely Nicho las and Manuel Ganobley. Tradition teels us he was a -----I found at the door of Nicholas and Manuel Canobley and was given the name Nicholas'Marrtel. He had a son and called his IlllaI1E Ethraim Manuel. rus Emnanuel had a son and he was narred him Nicholas. He was called Nicholas-~ the third generation and married Millie Hale, a white woman. Errmanuel was a soldier in the Revoihutionary I War. He was the father of Shade, Lum, and Mike and Ethraim, Nicholas anved north prior to the Civil War and since then, sorre have gone south. 'Ihe narre of late is spelled Emanuel. Dave Hardin and Joanathan Hardin lived on Big Coharie many years ago. 'Ihe Hardin family of Indians in Surrpson County have passed out. Anos Hardin, ____ Hardin ,J .D.llardin ,and Hardin is spelled Hardin and Hen.ry Hardin were buried in the B~ington Cenetary on Beaver Dam Swamp. Augustus Robertson is the only family of Robertsons living in this county/at present. He is a desrendant of Jim Robertson who rerently died in Robertson County. Shea!ly Namath was the wife, was the first wife of Janes lbbertson. They were refugees at the I close of the Civil War and Shelly died near Kenston, North Carolina and was buried in I Lenore County. Afte:rwards, he married and I shall spell this, Edielizer, her sister. They were the daughters of Bob Namath. This individual, Edielizer, was the IrOther of Augustus Robertson. He is very industrious and a good citizen. W: next tum to the 1l_re1.11 1 ~mgton Fanu y, -----------------------------------------~

PAGE 9

q i The :records.in the office of the Register of Deeds in Surrpson County show that Hannah I I Brewington purchased land in Surrpson County in the year 180 7. He lived in Surrpson Cornty from 1775 to 1850. She was the mskkk .~ rrother of Raiford Brewington. He was a good _____ and a well-to-do man. He raised a large family of children. He was buried in the Brewington Cerretary at his hone. The Brewington' s owli real estate I in this county. They are , like the Maynor's, king and generous. H.A.B:rewington and I wife are buried in the Brewington Cerretm:y. There is another set of Brewingtons on the \lest side of Little Cobarie. They are the descendants of the old man Johnson Brew ington. who married Nancy Enmam:el, the daughter of Jack Errrnam:el. There is but one family of Bells living in this section at present. For many years ago, Jy owned :real ! estate:-on the mm east side of South River. J .H.Bell is a descendant of Larkin Bell and Billie Co:rbit. 'Ibey are true specirrens of Indians. 'Ihe family lived ----in South Clinton Township. They are good and classified with all others you ---l can see in the general list :;of marriages. The Jones family on the W:st side of Little Coharie that lived in Dismal 'IbWnship are desoondants of the Brooks and I ----Jones is ve:ry punctual and seems ve:ry much interested inXJgr: trying to ele----the vate his race. 'lhe Grove families are descendants of the Maynor' s and Janes Grove and the Carter's. The Whiteheads are the desoondants of the Maynors and John Whitehead. I Luther Wil..kd.,Luther Wilkiris father was ______ Wilkins and ___ ! __ _ I Wilkins married Teelatha , an Indian \\Oman of R:>bertson County. He has several -sons and daughters. They are. all good Indians. Luther Wilkins, the son of ----Wilkins, married Macy Smith, daughter of Daniel Smith. They are :relatives of White/ heads and Maynors. The Wilkins family shows their Indian blood by their features and their traits. They are good and kind and friendly and are liked by the ~ple of their oonmunity. Luther Wilkins had several children. His grandfather was Perr:y Wilkins who married. Sally Revell. His grandfather was Scion tikms Wilkins who married Fodicy I Carver. Scion Wilkins was the son of Jonas Wilkins, a white man that cane from England. William J. ~. sen of Polly~ , .,.; ,t ,s s 1 ~ll•~ ~~o,d,

PAGE 10

has always been a citizen of Surrpson County. His . rrother was of Robin Bedsole, his father unknown to us. He has always . I a white woman, the daughter I with -------Indians and has been as much or :rrore than any other Indian in Surrpsan County to have onr race classified and reoognized as Indians ---public. schools. He has spent nore noney than any other Indian in Surrpson to elevate the Indian race. Emmanrel, son ofl,Ephraim, married Millie Hale. I Errmanrel son of married Zilpha and ___ Hardin, daughter of St Hardin.Fred Emmanuel (notice where S\...o.
PAGE 11

Emnanuel, daughter m'f 'M:iRe Emrnarrnel. W.L.Bedsole, son of Wi:.lliaml1a:rres Bedsole, marr.t~d Amanda Waxwick, daughter of uh a Warwick. here that I can "t make out, 7Jh.,tlu:s is tom here, but it looks like~ um, uh oh, yes I have it .k nowmarried Hannah Waxwick. I Jarres Wa:r:wick, son of Wilbur, married Manatee Ra:npson, Manssi'e Ranpson, d~ghter of Marl tin. Frank Wru::wick married Ladiy Jones. D.W.McClain married . ---------Jack Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Lilly Wilke;white, the daughter of John Wilkes, white. Robert Maynor, the son of Jack Maynor, married Monroe, ;the daughter I of Hugh M::mroe. John Maynor, the son of Robert, married Betsy Maynor, daughterof I Matthew Maynor. McKinley Maynor, the son of John, married Lilly Maynor, the daughter of Arthur Maynor. Jess Maynor, the son of Robert Maynor ,married Josie Maynor, the daughter of Matthew Maynor. Steven Maynor, the son of Robert Maynor, married ---Maynor, the daughtero d5f ___ Maynor. Andrew Maynor, the son of Robert, married Phance ,xbm daughter of Nathan Phance. He also married uh Neely Maynor, Je daughter of I Matthew Maynor. Bob Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Arrerica Emrnanool, daughter 5'<1,a./>,F of Ernrmnuel. Steven Maynor, son of BOB, married Frances Brewington, daughter of Nathan Brewington. _____ Maynor, son of Steven, roarried Martha Thomas, daughter of Steven Thomas. Watha Maynor, son of steven, married Lizzie Jack.don, dajghter of Bill c. Jackson, white. Samson Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Loney Ermia1Le1,daughter of Shade. Hilry Maynor, son of Samson, married Tharoy Hall,, 'lharoy Hall, also Edielizer Olanre ,daughter of Jack Maynor. Ardrie Maynor, son of Hilry, married Maggie Carter, the i s~ daughter of Jarres carter. Steve Maynor, son of Jack Maynor, married Martha gh b . d I Jaoobs,dau ter of Jess Jaco s. Steve Maynor, son of Steven, marrie Cora B. Rarrpson. I John Robertson Maynor, son of Steven Maynor, married Jena A. Strickland, daughter of Janes Stridd.and. Janes Hen:ry Maynor, son of Steven, married Minnie Carter, daughter i of Jarres Carter. Rubell Maynor, son of John Maynor, married Lizzie Ermianuel, daughter I of Shade Errmanool. Matthew Maynor, son of Reuben Maynor, married Mary Maynor, daughter of Samson Maynor. Joe Maynor, son of Reuben, married Frances Maynor, dau~ter of

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Hiley Maynor. Troy Maynor, son of Sanson Maynor, married Maggie Whitehead, daughter of Heney Whitehead. W.A.Maynor, son of Samson, married Vera Whitehead,daughter of I Heney Whitehead. Ibth Maynor, . son of W .A.Maynor, married Ira Dublin, daughter of W .E. I . Dublin. W.M.Maynor, grandson of Samson, married Nancy L. Smith, daughter of Daniel Smith. J.H.Grove, son of Janes Grove, married Nancy L. Carter, daughter of John Carter. Marlon Maynor, son of W.M.Maynor, married !en.a Brewington, daughter of O.B.Brewington. lee Whitehead, grandson os Samson Maynor, married Lilly Carter, daughter of Janes ~r. I Troy Maynor, son of Matthew Maynor, married Reoocca Maynor, daughter of Ibbert Maynor. Willie Maynor, son of Ibbert, married Rita Grove, granddaughter of Sanson Maynor. Ibbert Maynor, son of OOB Maynor, married Betsy Jaoobs, daughter of Jess Jaccbs. W.D.Maynor, son of Ibbert, married Susie T.l::Mr:l. Arthur moqc Maynor, son of Robert, .married Penny IDwcy. ____ Bell married Elma Pal.rrer, also uh, _____ Ernmanrel, /the daughter of Eli Errmanuel. Larsen Bell married Darcy Corbett,the dau:Jhter of Billy Corbett. Hughie Bell married Colin Maynor, the daughter of Troy Maynor. Steven 'Ihornas, son of Anna Thonlas, married _______ Enmmrel, daughterof Mike Errmanuel. J.R.'Ihornas, I son of Steven,married Ira _____ Levi w.ornas, son of J.R., married Susan Carter, J.R. I daughter of Jolm Carter. Alfred 'Ihornas,son of~, married ~ice Brown •. The Faircloth families live in Soiil:h Clinton Tc::Mnship and have relatives in WAyne Comty. Nancy Faircloth, the nother of Wesly Fairclohh, is the daughter of Susan Anrword. Wesly I Faircloth ma.rri'ed. Laurie Sinnons, daughter of William Simrrons. _____ Faircloth, ' son of Wesly, married Rhoda Maynor, daughter of John R. Maynor. The Smith family-Daniel I Smith married Rebecca Wh.:itehead, daughter of Althea Whitehead. Heney Smith, son of Daniel, married Eveline Feebercy, the daughter of Madison Feebeny. '!he ----family, the family in Surrpson Comty, living in Disnial. Tc::Mnship are the ----descendantsof Matthew Bumett who married Elizabeth Chancer the daughteri of Ivan Omnce. who have relatJ..'ves in Robertson County. Matthew Bumett, the son of Matthew, married M:,seJ.y Bledsole, the daughter of W.J.Bledsole. Janes Robertson married E E ..• Eilizer Maynor, the daughter of Bob Maynor. Augustus Ibbertson, the son of Jarres

PAGE 13

Scion ~oe.rtson, ~Wd 2\tnti.nter Maynor, daughter o;f W~.1\.11aynor. ~Wilson, $on o,f .:Ton99 I Wilson's wife, married _____ Carter. Cary Wilson, son of Scion, married Sally I Ruthers. Williton Wilson, son of Caxy ,of Cary, rnarr.ted ufi.. Wallace. Luther Wilson, son of Willi ton, married Millie Smith, daughter of Daniel Srru..'th. Robert Wilson, son of Williton, married Sally Maynor, daughter of W.A.Maynor. Arrm:ns, son of Ela Amm:ns, married Ollie Bell Brewington, daughter of M.L~Brewington. . I . He diedm sarrewhere in France, Novenber 21, lllB while serving in the Jmerican a.:tni{• . I calvin Armons married Lula Goodrnani;,daughter of IDfton Cbodmans. William Anm:ns, son of Lula, married Miltcy Sinm:m.s, daughter of Julius Simrons. John Jones, son of Martha Jones, rnarried Ann Brewington, daugh.ter. of H.A.Brewington. Hardy Jones, ---son of John Jones, married Bertha Hamrrons. Alan Janes married Luberta Brewington, daughter o4i W.D.Brewington. Thanas Jones, son of Martha Jones, :married Avie Ann Strickland, daughter of Janes Strickland, also _____ Brewington, daughter of AJ:.,. thur Brewington, uh, the daughter of Arthur Brewington. Robert Jones, son ,'of~, lilaJ:',,1 ried Betsy Brewington, daughter of W.D.Brewington. J.S.Jones, son of 1ho.mas Jones, ! married Hattie Jones, the gaughter of John Jones. Hassy Jones, son of Finty Jones, married L. Emnam.El, daughter of Enoch Emnanual. Archie Jacobs, son of l?eter --Jacobs, married ____ J.Manrel, the daughter of ____ Manuel. Anos Jacobs, the son of Art, married .M:hilda Q:xx:lman, the daughter of ti:nothy Goodman. JJs W.Jacobs, son of Anos, rnarried Lucy Carter, daughter of Janes carter. Jesse Jacobs, Json of Art, I married catharine carter, daughter of John Carter. He also :married _________ , widow of ----Jay Jacobs, brother of Art, married Kitty Emmanuel, ----i daughter of Mike Emnam.:el. Allan Hen:ry Jaoobs married uh Paish Goodman, daughter of I Tim Goodman. John Jacobs, son of __ and Hen:ry, married Bertha Jacobs, !daughter of I Anos. Wally Jacobs, sond: Isaac Jacobs, married Sylvania Maynor, daughter of Matthew Maynor. Janes Strickland, son of Bu::ldy Stricliland, married Lucy Ann Brewington,daughter

PAGE 14

of Rai'ford Brewington. ~ttnew Stri'ckland, son o~ '1arres, .married Iouisa 11axno.r, da,ughex I of Steven Maynor. __ Stricll.and, son of Janes, narried' Goodman~ daugh_ter of Iofton Goodman. O::Jy Strickland, son of__, married-Nora Simnans, daughter of Sam Simrrons. Jess Jacobs, son of Abraham Jaoobs, married Abby .Taoobs. J.E.J'acobs, son of Jess, married Maggie Bryant, daughter of Polly Bryant. J.R.Jaoobs, son of'Jess, narried Polly A. Brewington, daughter of Raidiord. Jess Jacobs, son of Jess, narrild Sally Brid ges, uh, SallyBridges. Janes V. JAoobs, son of Jess, married R:lxie Si:mncns, daughter of William Simrons. George Jacob, son of William Jacohs, :married Lizzie Luckler, Robin Jacobs, son of Bob, married Minnie Jaoobs, daughter of Am:>s Jaocbs. Tirrothy Goodwin married Nancy Maynor, daughter of John Maynor. Iofton Goodwin, son of TJthy, married I uh Bethea Jacobs, daughter of Gabriel Jacobs. Joanthan Goodwin, son of Tim:>thy,:rnarried D:>rothy .Ma;ynor, daughter of Marcy .Maynor. W .E. Goodwin, son of Jonathan, married Jeanette Brewington, daughter of Janes Brewington. I.A.Goodman, son of W.E.Goodman, married Betty. Strickland, daughter of Matthew Strickland. Harley Goodwin, i son of Jonathan, married Dora Williams, daughter of SOlonon Williams. Reuben Goodman, son bf Timothy, married ~rty ,Jacobs, daughter of Francis Jacobs. JOl:IB.than Hardin, son of nave Hardin, rnarried Lanny Jackson, white. Am:>son Hardin, son of rronathan, married Cathy Lockerey-, white,the daughter of~Eli Iockemy. John B. HArdin, son of Anos, married Jay Jacobs, daughter of Arch Jacobs. Henry Hardin, son of Anos, married Anna B.Jacobs, / daughter of Arch Jacobs. Ivan Cllanre married ___ Emmanuel, daughter of Shade Errmanuel. Nathan Chanre, son of Ivan Chance, married Edilizer Maynor, daughter of Jack Maynor. Alvin Olan.re, son of Nathan Chanre, married Iouisa Maynor, daughter of Robert Maynor. and Martha Maynor, daughter of Steven Thomas and. daughter of Steven 'Ihclas. William . Chan .1 H. Chanre, grandson of Jiran Chance, and son of Henry ce, rnarn.ed Mary T. Jacobs, daughter of Isaac Jaoobs. Steven Thomas, son of Anna 'Ihornas, married Scintilla Emnanrel, daughter of Mike Errmanuel. J .R.Thornas of Steven,married Ira Ch~vis, and I Oliver Chavis, son of William, married Sylesta Strickland. GreenSamson married Betsy I

PAGE 15

I J. 'Ihomton and WilliamSmtons married Penny Winn. and Percy Si.nm:ns married Jx>ra Brewington, daughter of H.A.Broyington and A.B.Si.rrm:ns, no, J .B.Simrons married Ella Bafford, daughter of Louis Bafford. 'lhe family here seems to stern from Smith, Bumett, Annons, Goodman, Strickland, Jaoobs, I Sirmons, Maynor, Emrranool, Hardin, R:>bertson, Brewington, !?ell, Jones, Grove, Whitehead, Wilkins, Bledsole. 'Ihis particular uh, this uh nap here showing the connection of ties of Indian races also found in the C.D.Brewingtan panphlet. '!his one here was ~epat keoJ prepared by Mr. Enoch Enmam:el. I have one page o f narres uh similar to i those that I have already gone over that I did not list doo to the tape end-I think I 1 hm,e given enough any way. Ul, August 13,1969 Adolph Dial speaking,reporting on Smmm!a Sanpson Cbunty Indians. L -----~---~---------------------