Citation
Interview with Jimmie Cypress, 1984-10-30

Material Information

Title:
Interview with Jimmie Cypress, 1984-10-30
Creator:
Cypress, Jimmie ( Interviewee )
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Seminole Indians
Seminoles -- Florida
Seminole Oral History Collection ( local )

Notes

Funding:
This text has been transcribed from an audio or video oral history. Digitization was funded by a gift from Caleb J. and Michele B. Grimes.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, Department of History, University of Florida
Holding Location:
This interview is part of the 'Seminoles' collection of interviews held by the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program of the Department of History at the University of Florida
Rights Management:
Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Resource Identifier:
SEM 190 Jimmie Cypress 10-30-1984 ( SPOHP IDENTIFIER )

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Full Text
JIMMIE CYPRESS
#1 Date October 30, 1984
#2 Interviewer Jeanette Cypress
#3 Informant Jimmie Cypress
#4 Place Ballfield in Big Cypress
#5 Language Miccouskee
#6 Topic
#7 Residence -
Q Residence, 1920's?
R Wasn't born yet.
Q 1930's?
R Here in this county. Near where the bull project is now.
Q 1940's?
R Big Cypress
Q Did you ever live at tourist places like Musa Isles, Silver Springs,
etc.?
R 1955 thru 1956 is when I lived at one of the tourist places.
Q What kinds of things did people do there?
R Around the time I was there, I was asked to take my family there
to live by Ross Allen's brother and get paid $50.00 a month. I
worked there at the attraction as a maintenance man.
Q Did you work in farming?
R Around that year?
Q Anytime?
R First time working in fields was 1950 on New Year's day. I worked
on Bobby Mac's ranch.


Jimmie Cypress
2
Q What kind of farm work?
R Picking tomatoes.
Q When there was a shortage of jobs, what did people do for a living?
R Before 1950 or when parents supported us, they hunted, killed
raccoons and sold them. When my dad would kill deer my mom would
fix the hides and sell them.
Q How about Dania? The government jobs?
R First time my dad worked with government was with Mr. Glenn a
superintendant around 1930. During that time we lived in Immokalee.
Q Do you mean Rev. Glenn?
R Yes
Q What did Glenn do to help people?
R He helped Dania reservation get established and more developed
like clearing land.
Q Did they train anyone to drive tractors?
R I didn't see that, but people getting that type of training were
Brighton people going there for it.
Q How about Spencer?
R I am not sure if I have see him personally, but people have told
me he was around. I heard he was in Immokalee and on his way
back in the car between Immokalee and Big Cypress he died.
Q How about Mr. Scott?
R Yes, he did come to Big Cypress.
Q How about Mr. Gardin?
R Mr. Gardin, I'm not sure of what his title was, but he was a
government worker.


Jimmie Cypress
3
Q The people I mentioned, were they looking out for best interest
of the tribe? During their office?
R Yes, it was good. But the programs, the system was new to Indian
people so Indian people weren't sure of what kind of assistance
they were to provide for them. But the agents would come to
reservations to be with the Indian people whether it was bad
roads or whatever, not like the agents today.
Q How about medical attention and schooling, did the agents assist
in those areas?
R Yes, there was Miss Conrad. Indians called her Old White Lady,
she wore white uniform and that's why they called her that name.
She made home visits even if it was muddy and her car would get
stuck, she still visited people.
Q How about the agents general feeling with the Indians being on
the Reservation?
R They didn't ask us to move. Around 1938-1939 it was said all
United States citizens were to be registered. CCC program was
first started around this time, jobs were being provided, people
were being counted. Someone said they are counting the people
to make soldiers and even though the Indians were not asked to
move off the reservation, they all left and lived about 7 miles
from here. I told my dad, that kind of talk is not true they
are just counting people, everyone in the United States and he
and I moved back and people got mad at us, but eventually all
of them moved back to.
Q Was there Christians and churches during that time?
R There was really no church then. Around that time Willie King
a missionary came, but he didn't push religion on the people
too much, he didn't gather people up in a group to talk about
it, he just kind of mingled in with the people.
Q Was there cattle program?
R What year?
Q Any year?
R 1940 or 1941 they came here, but in Brighton they had one started.
When they said they were coming we had to first prepare pastures.
They brought cattle to where tower at Devil's Garden is now, and me,
Junior Cypress, Morgan Smith, little Fewell and Charlie Osceola went
and brought the cattle back herding them on horseback.


Full Text

PAGE 1

JIMMIE CYPRESS #1 Date October 30, 1984 #2 Interviewer Jeanette Cypress #3 Informant Jimmie Cypress• #4 Place Ballfield in Big #5 Language Miccouskee #6 Topic #7 Residence Q Residence, 1920's? R Wasn't born yet. Q 1930 IS? Cypress R Here in this county. Near where the bull project is now. Q 1940 IS? R Big Cypress Q Did you ever live at tourist places like Musa Isles, Silver Springs, etc.? R 1955 thru 1956 is when I lived at one of the tourist places. Q What kinds of things did people do there? R Around the time I was there, I was asked to take my family there to live by Ross Allen's brother and get paid $50.00 a month. I worked there at the attraction as a maintenance man. Q Did you work in farming? R Around that year? Q Anytime? R First time working in fields was 1950 on New Year's day. I worked on Bobby Mac's ranch.

PAGE 2

Jimmie Cypress Q What kind of farm work? R Picking tomatoes. 2 Q When there was a shortage of jobs, what did people do for a living? R Before 1950 or when parents supported us, they hunted, killed raccoons and sold them. When my dad would kill deer my mom would fix the hides and sell them. Q How about Dania? The government jobs? R First time my dad worked with government was with Mr. Glenn a superintendant around 1930. During that time we lived in Immokalee. Q Do you mean Rev. Glenn? R Yes Q What did Glenn do to help people? R He helped Dania reservation get established and more developed like clearing land. Q Did they train anyone to drive tractors? R I didn't see that, but people getting that type of training were Brighton people going there for it. Q How about Spencer? R I am not sure if I have see him personally, but people have told me he was around. I heard he was in Immokalee and on his way back in the car between Imrnokalee and Big Cypress he died. Q How about Mr. Scott? R Yes, he did come to Big Cypress. Q How about Mr. Gardin? R Mr. Gardin, I'm not sure of what his title was, but he was a government worker.

PAGE 3

Jimmie Cypress 3 Q The people I mentioned, were they looking out for best interest of the tribe? During their office? R Yes, it was good. But the programs, the system was new to Indian people so Indian people weren't sure of what kind of assistance they were to provide for them. But the agents would come to reservations to be with the Indian people whether it was bad roads or whatever, not like the agents today. Q How about medical attention and schooling, did the agents assist in those areas? R Yes, there was Miss Conrad. Indians called her Old White Lady, she wore white uniform and that 1 s why they called her that name. She made home visits even if it was muddy and her car would get stuck, she still visited people. Q How about the agents general feeling with the Indians being on the Reservation? R They didn't ask us to move. Around 1938-1939 it was said all United States citizens were to be registered. CCC program was first started around this time, jobs were being provided, people were being counted. Someone said they are counting the people to make soldiers and even though the Indians were not asked to move off the reservation, they all left and lived about 7 miles from here. I told my dad, that kind of talk is not true they are just counting people, everyone in the United States and he and I moved back and people got mad at us, but eventually all of them moved back to. Q Was there Christians and churches during that time? R There was really no church then. Around that time Willie King a missionary came, but he didn't push religion on the people too much, he didn 1 t gather people up in a group to talk about it, he just kind of mingled in with the people. Q Was there cattle program? R What year? Q Any year? R 1940 or 1941 they came here, but in Brighton they had one started. When they said they were coming we had to first prepare pastures. They brought cattle to where tower at Devil's Garden is now, and me, Junior Cypress, Morgan Smith, little Fewell and Charlie Osceola went and brought the cattle back herding them on horseback.