Citation
Interview with Frank Billie, 1984-10-30

Material Information

Title:
Interview with Frank Billie, 1984-10-30
Creator:
Billie, Frank ( Interviewee )
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Seminole Indians
Seminoles -- Florida
Seminole Oral History Collection ( local )

Notes

Funding:
This text has been transcribed from an audio or video oral history. Digitization was funded by a gift from Caleb J. and Michele B. Grimes.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, Department of History, University of Florida
Holding Location:
This interview is part of the 'Seminoles' collection of interviews held by the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program of the Department of History at the University of Florida
Rights Management:
Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Resource Identifier:
SEM 189 ( SPOHP IDENTIFIER )

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Full Text
FRANK BILLIE
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
Date
Interviewer
Informant
Place
Language
Topic
Residence
-October 30, 1984
- Jeanette Cypress
- Frank Billie
- Informant's home in Big Cypress
-Miccosukee
- 1920 thru 1940's
Q Residencein 1920 thru 1940's?
R 1930 we lived in Monroe County, past trail.
1940 Big Cypress.
Q Around that time what kind of jobs were available?
R Meaning government jobs? Cleaning up reservation which was with
Government CCC program.
Q How about Musa Isle or Silver Springs, did you have any contact
with them?
R No
Q How about farm work?
R Maybe a little bit.
Q How about Dania, did you work for any Government programs there?
R Yes I did in 1934. Doing cleaning up reservations I don't know
the name of program.
Q How about construction of houses?
R Yes, during then we cleaned up reservation.
Q During that time did you see Spencer?
R No, but there was a Mr. Glenn.


Frank Billie
2
Q How about Mr. Scott?
R Yes in 1939 he was around here.
Q How about Mr. Gandin?
R He was engineer I think. He was here a short period as a replacement for the past superintendant.
Q Did the agents I mentioned help the Indian people?
R Yes, they helped very well especially Scott and Glenn. Gardin
I didn't know too well because he was there only a short time.
Q If people needed medical attention or if kids needed to be sent
to school did the agents assist.
R There wasn't too many attended school, probably a few living in
Hollywood attended. Like Betty Jumper.
Q How about cattle program?
R There wasn't any. 1950 was when it started.
Q What was the opinion of the agents with Indians being on reservation?
R Scott didn't mind. Mr. Morman came and said he was going to leave
reservation on our own, not provide assistance. It was thru
Washington a person sent down said. So I asked them why us,
there are other long time reservation out west, etc. and you
don't claim to leave them on their own. Seminoles didn't at that
time have good educated people. The lowest/slowest progressing
tribe was the one they were going to approach first then mention
to other tribes, was the people's reply. Like the Government
wanted the Seminoles to try to run everything themselves and
getting stronger on their own. But didn't tell us how to really
go about it. If we had assistance to improve our pastures and
land then let us try, it might work but just letting it go the
way it was I told them it wouldn't work. They said they were
asking to see our response and opinions.
Q During that time was Christians or people getting into religion
accepted by the agents?
R Yes


Frank Billie 3
Q Was there churches then?
R No there wasn't, no Indian churches.


Full Text

PAGE 1

FRANK BILLIE #1 Date October 30, 1984 #2 Interviewer Jeanette Cypress #3 Informant Frank Bi 11 i e #4 Place Informant's home in Big Cypress #5 Language Miccosukee #6 Topic #7 Residence 1920 thru 1940 1 s Q Residence ~n 1920 thru 1940's? R 1930 we lived in Monroe County, past trail. 1940 Big Cypress. Q Around that time what kind of jobs were available? R Meaning government jobs? Cleaning up reservation which was with Government CCC program. Q How about Musa Isle or Silver Springs, did you have any contact with them? R No Q How about farm work? R Maybe a little bit. Q How about Dania, did you work for any Government programs there? R Yes I did in 1934. Doing cleaning up reservations I don't know the name of program. Q How about construction of houses? R Yes, during then we cleaned up reservation. Q During that time did you see Spencer? R No, but there was a Mr. Glenn.

PAGE 2

Frank Billie 2 Q How about Mr. Scott? R Yes in 1939 he was around here. Q How about Mr. Gandin? R He was engineer I think. He was here a short period as a re placement for the past superintendant. Q Did the agents I mentioned help the Indian people? R Yes, they helped very well especially Scott and Glenn. Gardin I didn't know too well because he was there only a short time. Q If people needed medical attention or if kids needed to be sent to school did the agents assist. R There wasn't too many attended school, probably a few living in Hollywood attended. Like Betty Jumper. Q How about cattle program? R There wasn't any. 1950 was when it started. Q What was the opinion of the agents with Indians being on reservation? R Scott didn't mind. Mr. Morman came and said he was going to leave reservation on our own, not provide assistance. It was thru Washington a person sent down said. So I asked them why us, there are other long time reservation out west, etc. and you don't claim to leave them on their own. Seminoles didn't at that time have good educated people. The lowest/slowest progressing tribe was the one they were going to approach first then mention to other tribes, was the people's reply. Like the Government wanted the Seminoles to try to run everything themselves and getting stronger on their own. But didn't tell us how to really go about it. If we had assistance to improve our pastures and land then let us try, it might work but just letting it go the way it was I told them it wouldn 1 t work. They said they were asking to see our response and opinions. Q During that time was Christians or people getting into religion accepted by the agents? R Yes

PAGE 3

Frank Billie 3 Q Was there churches then? R No there wasn't, no Indian churches.