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Interview with Lew Barton, August 1, 1973

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Title:
Interview with Lew Barton, August 1, 1973
Creator:
Barton, Lew ( Interviewee )
Publication Date:
Language:
English

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Subjects / Keywords:
Florida History ( local )
Lumbee Oral History Collection ( local )
Spatial Coverage:
Lumbee County (Fla.)

Notes

Funding:
This text has been transcribed from an audio or video oral history. Digitization was funded by a gift from Caleb J. and Michele B. Grimes.

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Source Institution:
Samuel Proctor Oral History Program, Department of History, University of Florida
Holding Location:
This interview is part of the 'Lumbee County' collection of interviews held by the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program of the Department of History at the University of Florida
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Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Resource Identifier:
LUM 141 ( SPOHP IDENTIFIER )

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LUM 141A
Date: August 1, 1973
Speaker: Lew Barton
Subject: Statistical Stories
Typist: Josephine Ann Suslowicz

SIDE I


B: This is August 1, 1973. I'm Lew Barton recording for the University of Florida's

History Departments and the Doris Duke Foundation's American Indian Oral History

Program. I'm here in my home in Pembroke, North Carolina and I'm recording some

statistical stories.

The first one, by-lined by me, Lew Barton, is called Vanishing Americans on the

Come Back Trail.

When Columbus reached American shores in 1492, there were an estimated 850,000

American Indians in what is now the United States. By 1865, however, this number

had been wittled down to a mere 250,000, and it was feared that "the vanishing

American" might even become extinct. In the warnings that the original American

might become extinct were voiced by many writers and a number of statesmen.

Since that time, however, the original American has slowly begun to increase in

number. Today it is estimated that more than one million Indians reside in the

United States, and right here in Robeson County, North Carolina the trend is

definitely reversing itself--a fact gleaned from a booklet published recently

by the Robeson County Health Department called Health and Related Statistics,

Robeson County, North Carolina. I'm indebted to the department and to Reverend

Robert L. Mengam for much of the information contained in this article. Birth,

death, health, race, and politics. People are being born at a faster rate than

they are dying. A sociological fact of no small significance to sociologists

and others everywhere today who warn that unless some kind of happy balance is

achieved soon, the world may become so overpopulated as to doom us all to star-

vation, or even worse tomorrow. Added to the higher birth rate and lower death

rate is the fact that of the people born, more of them survive the rigors of the

birth process, live longer, and healthier, and thus, become serious overpopulation








LUM 141A 2


problems. But here in unique Robeson which is, in a sense, a microcosm of the

great outside world, the situation takes on a more personal, more political, and

more racial dimensions, as racial composition shifts and changes. The racial

situation in Robeson--the racial situation in Robeson today is changing dramatically,

and these changes are clearly reflected in U.S. census reports of 1960 and 1970.

Whites and Blacks are decreasing in number, though, while the Indian population

is definitely on the increase, though in modest numbers. 1960 census figures

Whites at 36,552; Blacks at 26,256; and the Indians at 26,294. 1970

census figures show 36,262 Whites, 21,876 Blacks, and 26,704 Indians. Add to

this the fact that for many decades many- Indians have surely been enumerated

as non-Indians. Now the official figure for Indians is much too low. Too, their

birth rate is higher.

Robeson's Changing Population Picture

In 1960 Robeson County had a total population of 89,102. By-1970, just ten years

later, however, the number had dropped to 84,842, representing a loss of 4,260

persons, or 4.8 per cent of the 1960 total. Since deaths in Robeson during that

period were more than offset by births, the cause of this reduction is attributed

to out-migration--out-migration in Robeson County. More Blacks than anyone

else leave Robeson County, and more Whites stay put. In the period 1960-1970 the

total out-migration for Blacks was a whopping 29.7 per cent as compared with 17,000--

excuse me--17.8 per cent for Indians, and only 9.0 per cent for Whites. In 1960

there were 36,552 Whites comprising 41 per cent of the total population, and

representing a loss of only, uh, 290 persons for the prior ten year's period. In

1970 there were 36,262 White persons representing 42 per cent--I mean 42.;7 per

cent of the population and a loss of only 0.9 per-cent during the previous

decade. In 1960 there were 2--26,294 Indians representing 29.5 per cent of the

county's population and an increase of 410 persons for a 1.6 per cent increase.

In 1970, however, there were 26,704 Indians representing 31.5 per cent of the








LUM 141A 3


county's total population, and a natural increase of 410 persons. In 1960 there

were 26,256 Blacks representing 25.8 per cent of the county's population. By

1970, however, the number had dropped to 21,876, representing 25 per cent--25.8

per cent of Robeson's population; a loss of 4,380 persons-or 16.3 per cent.

Even death _to raise here. Even death to raise in Robeson

County allotting you more years if you are an Indian, and still more years if

you are White. If you are a Black, you are low man on the totem pole and can

expect to live a considerably shorter life. In 1971 the average age at death

in Robeson was 63.8 years for White persons, 60.7 years for Indians, and 56.7

years for people of the Black race. Death rates are also graduated according

to race. In 1970, for example, it was 11.54 for White people, 10.86 for Indians,

and 14.00 for Black people. However, the average for 1970 and 1971 was 11.8

for White persons, 11.22 for Indians, and 14.32 for Blacks.

Birth Rates

As if to compensate for adverse conditions, birth rates among non-Whites in

Robeson are higher. In 1969, for example, there were 558 White births giving

that ethnic group a 15.4 birth rate and a fetal--a fertility rate of 72.9. The

same year 770 babies were born to Indian parents giving that group a birthrate

of 28.9 and a fertility rate of 132.7. In the same period there were 598 Black

births with a birth rate of 26.9 and a fertility rate of 107.9. Of these births

23 were born to unwed White mothers, 91 to unwed Indian mothers, and 240 to unwed

Black mothers. The percentage of these in that order, were 4.1 per cent, 11.8

per cent, and 40.10--excuse me--40.1 per cent.

Fetal Death Rate

In 1970 the fetal death rate in Robeson was higher among Blacks--32.0, second

highest among Indians--18.6, and lowest among Whites-16.9. In 1971 the pattern

was, uh, repeated. Blacks--35.4, Indians--15.3, and Whites--14.0.

Neo-Natal Death Rate

The most crucial--the most crucial time in a newly born child's life is the first










LUM 141A 4


28 days. Babies who die within that period are called "Neo-natal deaths."

That's-spelled N-E-0-N-A-T-A-L; neonatal deaths. Neonatal deaths by race,

Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970. Uh, during 1970 there were 641 live

White births, and 11 neonatal deaths, which gave a neonatal death rate of 17.2

for White people. In 1970 there were 696, uh, Black births with a neonatal

death numbering 12. This gives a neonatal death of 17.2 which is exactly the

same as that for, uh, White people. During 1970, however, there were 897 live

Indian births with 12 neonatal deaths giving a neonatal death rate of 13.4.

How do these compare with the totals? Well, during 1970 there were, in all,

2,234 live births. This gave an overall neonatal death rate of 15.7.

Neonatal Death by Race, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971

During 1971 there were 631 live births among White people. Uh, there were 6

neonatal deaths giving a neonatal death rate of 9.5. There were 815 live

births among Black people, 10 of which died neonatally giving a 12.3 per cent

neonatal death rate for Black people. There were 774 Indian births, uh, live

births that is, among the Indians, and there were 17 neonatal births--I mean

neonatal deaths. That gave 22.0 per cent of neonatal deaths for Indians, which

is higher than, uh, either Blacks or Whites. All these totals added up to

2,220 and 33 neonatal deaths. Uh, so the average for all the county was 14.9

per cent.

Number of Infant Deaths by Race and Sex, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970

Uh, let's look at the figures first of all, for Whites. Male--7, female--4,

under 28 days. 28 days to one year: 2 male, no female. Total infant deaths

among White people: 9 males; 4 females--a total of 13. For Black people

under 28 days: male 8, female 4. 28 days to one year: male 5, female one.

Total infant deaths: male 12, female 6, uh, giving a total of 18. For Indians

under 28 days: 8 male, 4 female. 28 days to one year: 5 male, 10 female.








LUM 141A 5


Gives a total of 13 male and 14 female, for a total of 27.

Overall Deaths

Under 28 days: 23 male, 12 female. 28 days to one year: 12 males, 11 females.

Total infant deaths: 34 males and 24 females. The total of all these is 58.

Number of Infant Deaths by Race and Sex, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971

White under 28 days: 4 male, 2 female. Under 28 days: No male, one female.

Total: 4,males and 3 females. Total deaths: 7. Blacks under 28 days: 5

male, 5 female. 28 days to one year: 2 males, 3 females. Total: 7 males,

8 females. Total for all Black infant deaths: 15. Indians under 28 days: 9

males and 8 females. 28 days to one year: 2 males and 5 females. Total:

11 males, 13 females. Total deaths for Indians during the infant stage: 24.

Grand total: Under 28 days: 18 males, 15 females. 28 days to a year: 4 males,

9 females. Total infant death: 22 males, 22 females for a total of 46. Now

what was the infant death rate by race in Robeson County, North Carolina for the

year 1970? White 641 live births; deaths--13. That gives a infant death rate

of 20.3 for White people for the year 1970. Blacks: Live births: 696. Deaths:

18, giving an infant death rate of 2.9 per Indians: 897

live births, 27 deaths. Infant death rate per thousand 30.1. Total:

2,234 live births. 58 deaths. per thousand : 26.0. So, you

can see that the Indian death rate among infants is higher than anybody else.

For Whites it is 20.3, for Blacks it is 25.9, for Indians it is 30.1, and that

is also above, uh, the average for the rate for the entire county, which is 26.0.

Infant Death Rate by Race, Robeson County, North Carolina., 1971

White: 631 live births, 7 deaths, rate per thousand: 11.0. Blacks:

815 live births, 15 deaths, uh, rate per thousand __ : 18.4. Indian:

live births: 774, deaths: 24, rate per thousand : 31.0. Totals: 2220--

2,220 live births in all, 46 deaths in all, rates per thousand __ for the

entire county: 20.7.








LUM 141A 6


Reported Cases of Gonorrhea, 1969--1971, Robeson County, North Carolina

Okay, we'll take the 1971 figures first. Total number of cases: 174. Number

of cases reported to private physicians: 43. Number of these by a Dr. Burleson,

B-U-R-L-E-S-O-N: 11. Total number of cases: 138. Number of cases reported by

private physicians: 57. In 1969 the total number of cases of gonorrhea reported:

63. Number of cases reported by private physicians: 12.

Reported Cases of Gonorrhea, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970

Age: from 0 years to 9 years no White cases, no Indian cases, no Black cases,

no total. 10 to 19 years: 2 Whites, 5 Indians, 55 Blacks; giving a total of

62 cases of reported gonorrhea in the age group 10 to 19. Now the age group

20 to 29. 4 Whites, 10 Indians, 25 Blacks. Total: 39. In the age group 30

to 39 the cases of gonorrhea reported among White people: 4, among Indians:

none, among Blacks: 6. Total: 4. In the age group 40 to 49 Whites: none,

Indians: none, BLacks: one. Total: one.

Reported Cases of Gonorrhea by Age Group, Race, and Sex, 1971, Robeson County, North

Carolina

For Blacks under 15: 2 male, 5 female. Whites under 15: no males, no females.

For Indians: no males, no females. Total: 7. Now for the age group 15

through 17. Blacks: 11 males, 18 female, Whites: no male, 3 females, Indians:

3 males, one female. Total: 36. In the age group 18 to 20: among Blacks:

16 males, 16 females, among Whites: 6 females, 2 males, among Indian: 4 male,

5 female. Total: 49. In the age group 21 to.24: White--no, this first is

Black: male-16, female--15, among Whites: 4 male, one female, among Indians:

8 male, 5 female. Others: one male. Total: 50. 50 cases of gonorrhea in

the age group 21 to 24. In the age group--in the age group 25 to 29 there

were 12 Black males, 5 Black females, one White male, one White female, 3

Indian males, one Indian female. Total: 13. 30 years or over: among Blacks:

5 males and one female, among Whites: no males, no females, among Indians: 4









LUM 141A 7


males, no females. That gives a total of ten cases for that particular age

group. For all age groups the totals are as follows: Blacks--62 males, 60

females. Whites--l1 males, 7 females. Among Indians--22 males, 12 females.

Others one. Total: 174.

Reported Cases of Gonorrhea by Sex and Race for the year 1971 in Robeson County,

North Carolina

Race: White. Number of cases: 11 male, 7 female. Total: 18. Rate: 49.0.

That's--that rate is computed at, uh, 100,000--occur at 100,000. Indian:

22 male, 12 female. Total: 34. Rate: 131.4. Black: 62 male,'60 female.

Total: 122. Rate: 551.2. Others: male--one, female--none. Total: one.

Total--this is the grand total: 96 cases for males, 79 cases for females.

Total: 175. Rate 100,000: 207.5.

Reported Cases of Gonorrhea, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970

Age group 0 to 9: no White, no Indian, no Black, no total, no rate. For the

age group 10 to 19:' 2 Whites, 5 Indians, 55 Blacks--total: 62. Overall rate,

uh,'per thousand: 3.04. Age group 20 to 29: 4 White, 10 Indian, 25 Black,

total: 39, rate per thousand: 3.33. Age group 30 to 39: 4 White, no Indian

in that age group, Black--6. Total: 10. Rate: 1.17. Age group 40 to 49:

no Whites, no Indians, one Black. Total: one. Rate: 1.10. Total: 10 White,

15 Indian, 87 Black. Total: 112. Rate: 1.27. Now, rate per thousand:

Whites: 2.75, Indian: 5.61, Black: 39.8. Total: 127.

Reported Cases of Infectious Syphilis, Robeson County, 1970

Age group one to 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--2. Total: 2. Age

group 10 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Age

group 20 to 29: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--6. Total: 6. Age group

30 to 39: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--3. Total: 3.

Syphilis, 1970


No secondary syphilis reported.










LUM 141A 8


Early Latent Syphilis

Age group 0 to 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--none. No total. Age

group 10 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, for in the case of Blacks, total:

one. Age group 20 to 29: no White, no Black--I mean, no White, no Indian,

Black--2, one. Total: one.

Late Latent Cases of Syphilis

Number of cases: one. Race: Black.

Reported Cases Infectious Syphilis, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970

Age group 1--0 to 9--I'm sorry. Age group 0 to 9: Whites--none, Indians--none,

Blacks--2. Total: 2. Age group 10 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none,

Blacks--one. Total: one. Age group 20 to 29: Whites--none, Indians--none,

Blacks--6. Total: 6. Age group 30 to 39: Whites--none, Indians--none,

Blacks--3. Total: 3. Age group 40 to 49: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--

none. No total. Age group 50 to 59: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one.

Total:- one. Age group 60 to 69: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one.

Total: one. Age group 70 and over: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one,

Total: one. Total: 15 Blacks--excuse that--total: Whites--none, Indians--

none, Blacks--15. Total: 15. Okay, what's the rate for all these groups?

From 0 to 9 the rate per thousand is 9. Age group 10 to 19 the rate per thousand

is 3.2. From--for the age group 20 t6o29, uh, the rate is 39 to 6. From 30

to 39 the rate per thousand is 24.0. For the age group 40 to 49 there is no

rate. Age group 50 to 59 the rate is 1.2. From 60 to 69 the rate is 1.5. For

those over 70 the rate per thousand is 2.6. That gives--that gives a 1.7

rate.

Reported Cases Infectious Syphilis, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971

Age group 0 to 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Rate'

5.43. Age group 10 to 14: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one.


Rate: 9.46. The age group 15 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--5.









LUM 141A 9


Total: 5. Rate: 5.16. Age group 20 to 29: Whites--one, Indians--2, Blacks--2,

Total: 5. Rate: 4.29. 30 and over-the age group 30 and over: Whites--none,

Indians--one, Blacks--5. Total: 6. Rate: 1.75. Total: Whites--one,

Indians--3, Blacks--14. Makes a total of 18 and gives a rate per thousand of

2.13. The overall rate per thousand: Whites--2.7, Indians--l.12, Blacks--6.5.

Total: 2.13.

Reported Cases of Infectious Hepatitis, Robeson County, 1970

(Hepatitis is spelled H-E-P-A-T-I-T-I-S) Age group 0 to 9: no White cases,

19 Indian cases, 3 Black cases, makes a total of 22. Age group 10 to 19: one

White case, 8 Indian cases, 2 Black cases, makes a total of 11 cases of infectious

hepa--hepatitis. Age group 20 to 29: White cases--4, Indian cases--2, Black

cases--none. Total of 6. Age group 30 to 39: White cases--one, Indian cases--

none, Black cases--one. Total. .

SIDE II

Uh, since we were interrupted by the tape running .out on that reported cases of

infectious hepatitis, Robeson County, 1970, I think I'ld better repeat that.

In the age group 0 to 9 years there were no cases among Whites, but 19 cases

among Indians and three cases among Blacks, making a total of 22. In the age

group 10 to 19 there was one case among Whites reported, 8 cases among Indians,

2 cases among Blacks, making a total of 11 cases. In the age group of 20 to

29, uh, there were 4 cases reported among Whites, there were 2 cases reported

among Indians, no cases among Blacks, making a total of 16. In the gge group

of 30 to 39 there was one case reported among Whites, uh, no cases reported

among Indians, one case reported among Blacks, making a total of 2. Uh, none

over age 40 among Blacks, Whites, or Indians.

Hepatitis--Infectious, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971

Age group under 15, uh, 3 cases among, uh, Black females, 2 cases among White

males, and 3 cases among Black--I mean White females, excuse me please. Among








LUM 141A 10


Indians, uh, 2 cases, both male. Total: 10. In the age group 15 to 17: Black

male--one, female--none. White--one--White male--one, White female--none. Indian

male--none, Indian female--none. Total: 3. In the age group 18 to 20: Black

males--none, Black females--none. White males--one, White females--one. Indian

males--none, Indian females--none. Total: 2. In the age group 21 to 30:

Black males--one, Black females--none. White males--one, White females--2.

Indian males--2, Indian females--none. Total: 6. Total: Black males--2,

Black females--3. White males--6, White females--8. Indian males--4, Indian

females--one. Grand Total: 24 cases.

Reported Cases Infectious Hepatitis, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970

Age group 9 to 9: Whites--none, Blacks--3, Indians--19; total: 22. Rate per

thousand: 1.19. Age group 10 to 19: White'-one, Black--2, Indian--8; total:

11. Rate per thousand: 0.54. Age group 20 to 29: White--4, Black--none,

Indian--2; total: 6. Rate per thousand: 051. Age group 30 to 39: White--one,

Black--one, Indian--none; total: 2. Rate: .23. 40 and over: no cases reported

for either. Total: Whites--6, Blacks--6, Indians--29. Total: 41. Rate: 4.83.

Uh, those totals should not have been in percentages, uh, they-weren't rates,

they were--those were numbers. I'll repeat those numbers. 6 Whites, 6 Blacks,

29 Indians. Total number of 41. Rate per thousand was 4.83. Uh, rate per

thousand for the different races: Whites--.165. For Ind--Blacks--2.74. For

Indians it was higher than for anyone else--10.85.

New Cases--New Active Cases of Tuberculosis by Sex, Race, and Age; Robeson County,

North Carolina, 1970

There are several types of tuberculosis. One is called the primary stage, the

other is called the minimal stage, still another is called the moderate stage,

and there's the hard vent (?) stage, and the extra-pulsory stage, and the others

such as bone, jiait, so forth. So this, uh, may be a little bit complicated.

There were two cases of the primary type tuberculosis reported for males, and









LUM 141A 11


two for females. One was White; three were Black. There were no Indians. Uh,

in the age group 0 to 20 there were 4. In the age group 21 to 50 there were

none. There were no cases over 50. That makes a total of 4 cases of tuberculosis

of the primary type. The minimal type: 2 male, one female. One White, 2

Black, no Indians. In the age group 1 to 20 there were none. In the age group

21 to 50 there were 2. Uh, in the age group 50 or more there were one. That

makes a total of 3. The moderate stage of tuberculosis: there were 9 cases

male; 6 cases female. There were 6 cases among White--Whites, 8 cases among

Blacks, one case among Indians, uh, two cases reported among--among the age

group 0 to 20. 4 cases in the age group 21 to 50. 9 cases in the age group

50 and over. Making a total of 15 cases.

Tuberculosis in the Advanced--of the Advanced Type

There were 10 males, 3 females. One was White, 10 were Black, 2 were Indian. Uh,

there were 2 cases in the 0 to 20 age group, there were 5 cases in the 21 to 50 age

group, 6 cases in the 50 or over age group, giving a total of 13.

Tuberculosis--Extra-pulminary Type

There were one case--there was one case among males, no case among females. OnA

among Whites, no cases among Blacksy no cases among Indians. No cases in the age

group 0 to 20, no cases--21 to 50, one case 50 or over. Made a total of one.

Other Types of Tuberculosis--Bone, Joint, and So Forth

There were no males, 2 females. One White, one Black, no Indian. No cases in the

age group 0 to 20, no cases in the age group 21 to 50, 2 cases were in the age

group 40--I mean 50 or over. Made a total of 2.

Mediary Type Tuberculosis

No males, one female. No Indians--I mean no Whites, one Black, no Indians. No one

in the age group 0 to 20, uh, one in the age group 21 to 50, none in the age

group 50 or better. Made a total of one case.










LUM 141A 12


Reactivation Cases of Tuberculosis

One male, no female. No Whites, No Blacks, one Indian. No one in the age group

0 to 20, no one in the age group 21 to 50, one in the age group 50 and over.

Made a total of one. Totals: 25 males, 15 females. 11 cases were White,

25 cases were Black, only 4 cases, uh, were Indian, and there was 8--there were

8 cases in the age group 0 to 20. There were 12 cases, uh, in-the age group

21 to 50. There were 20 in the age group 50 and over. Made a total of 40 cases.

New Active Cases of Tuberculosis by Sex, Race and Age, Robeson County, North Carolina,

1971

A case--primary cases: there were 2 males, 2 females. None were White, one was

Black, 3 were Indians. There were 3 in the age group 0 to 20. None in the age

group 21 to 50, one in the age group 50 or over, making a total of 4 cases of

primary tuberculosis.

Minimal Cases of Tuberculosis

(That's M-I-N-I-M-A-L) 4 males, one female. One White, 2 Black, 2 Indian.

None in the age group 0 to 20, 3 in the age group 21 to 50, uh, 2 in the age

group 50 and over. Total: 5.

Moderate Cases

70 males--I mean 7 males and 3 females. 3 were White, 5 were Black, 2 were Indian.

2 were in the age group 0 to 20, 4 were in the age group 21 to 50, 4 were in the

age group 50 and over. Gave a total of 10 cases.

Far Advanced Cases of Tuberculosis

11 males, 4 females. 3 were White, 8 were Black, and 4 were Indian. In the age

group of 0 to 20 there were 2, in the age group 21 to 50 there were 6, in the

age group 50 or over there were 7, which made a grand--a total number of cases

of 15.

Extra-pulminary Cases


One male, no female. No White, one Black, no Indian. One in the age group 0 to 20,








LUM 141A 13


none in the age group 21 to 50, none in the age group 50 or over. Made a total

of one.

Other: Bone, J6int, and so Forth

No males, no females. No cases.

Unexplained Pluracy

3 males, one male--one female. No Whites, 3 Blacks, one Indian. No one in the

age group 1 to 20. one in the age group 21 to 50, 3 in the age group 50 or over.

Made a total of 4.

Reactivation

4 male, no female. One White, 2 Black, one Indian. No one in the age group 0

to 20, no one in the age group 21 to 50, 4 in the age group 50 and over. Made a

total of 4. All right now, for the totals: 32 males, 11 females. 8 Whites,

22 Blacks, 13 Indians. 8 in the age group 0 to 20, 14 in the age group 21 to 50,

21 in the age group 50 and over. Made a total of 43 cases for the year 1971.

Rank--Rank from Highest Rate to Lowest by County, North Carolina for Selected Events

Related to Health. Counties of Region in North Carolina for the Year 1970

Birth rate in Scotland County for Whitesfis 9, for non-Whites--ll. In Hoke County

for Whites, the birth rate is 14, for non-Whites it's 10. In Robeson County

for Whites the birth rate is 32; non-Whites--4. Uh, Bladen County: Whites--59,

non-Whites--76. There seems to be something wrong with that, but this is the way

it is. Premature births among Whites in Scotland County is 39. Among non-Whites

it's 71. In Hoke County for Whites it's 35; for non-Whites it's 57. In Robeson

for Whites it's 63; among non-Whites it's 80. Bladen Countyt- among Whites it's

85; among non-Whites--87. Out of Wedlock cases: Scotland County: Whites--10,

non-Whites--23. Hope County: Whites--18, non-Whites--26. Robeson: Whites--35,

non-Whites--76. Bladen County: Whites--56, non-Whites--33. Fetal deaths:

Scotland: White--84, non-White--68. Hoke County: White--88, non-White--22.

Robeson County: White--30, non-White--40. Bladen County: White--70, non-White--

18. Neonatal deaths in Scotland County: Whites--57, non-Whites--42. Hoke County:









LUM 141A 14


Whites--10, non-Whites--78. Robeson County: Whites--44, non-Whites--71.

Bladen County: Whites--16, non-Whites--17. Paranatal deaths in Scotland

County: Whites--80, non-Whites--53. Hoke County: Whites--22, non-Whites--85.

Robeson County: Whites--28, non-Whites--64. Bladen County: Whites--26, non-

Whites--42. Postnatal deaths in Scotland County: Whites--9, non-Whites--23.

Hoke County: Whites--86, non-Whites--46. Robeson County: White--65, non-

White--38. Bladen County: White--ll, non-White--68. Infant deaths Scotland

County: White--29, 18Sebland County: non-White--33. Hoke County: White--20,

75 non-White. Robeson County: White--22, non-White--61. Bladen County: White--

15, non-White--74.





Full Text

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LUM 141A Date: August 1, 1973 Speaker: Lew Barton Subject: Statistical Stories Typist: Josephine Ann Suslowicz SIDE I B: This is August 1, 1973. I'm Lew Barton recording for the University of Florida's History Departments and the Doris Duke Foundation's American Indian Oral History Program. I'm here in my home in Pembroke, North Carolina and I'm recording some statistical stories. The first one, by-lined by me, Lew Barton, is called Vanishing Americans on the Come Back Trail. When Columbus reached American shores in 1492, there were an estimated 850,000 American Indians in what is now the United States. By 1865, however, this number had been wittled down to a mere 250,000, and it was feared that "the vanishing American" might even become extinct. In the warnings that the original American might become extinct were voiced by many writers and a number of statesmen. Since that time, however, the original American has slowly begun to increase in number. Today it is estimated that more than one million Indians reside in the United States, and right here in Robeson County, North Carolina the trend is deffinitely reversing itself--a fact gleaned from a booklet published recently by the Robeson County Health Department called Health and Related Statistics, Robeson County, North Carolina. I'm indebted to the department and to Reverend Robert L. Mengam for much of the information contained in this article. Birth, death, health, race, and politics. People are being born at a faster rate than they are dying. A sociological fact of no small significance to sociologists and others everywhere today who warn that unless some kind of happy balance is achieved soon, the world may become so overpopulated as to doom us all to star vation, or even worse tomorrow. Added to the higher birth rate and lower death rate is the fact that of the people born, more of them survive the rigors of the birth process, live longer, and healthier, and thus, become serious overpopulation

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LUM 141A 2 problems. But here in unique Robeson which is, in a sense, a microcosm of the great outside world, the situation takes on a more personal, more political, and more ra_cial dimensions, as racial composition shifts and changes. The racial situation in Robeson--the racial situation in Robeson today is changing dramatically, and these changes are clearly reflected in U.S. census reports of 1960 and 1970. Whites and Blacks are decreasing in number, though, while the Indian population is deffinitely on the increase, though in modest numbers. 1960 census figures _____ Whites at 36,552; Blacks at 26,256; and the Indians at 26,294. 1970 census figures show 36,262 Whites, 21,876 Blacks, and 26,704 Indians. Add to this the fact that for many decades manyIndians have surely been enumerated as non-Indians. Now the official figure ror Indians is much too low. Too, their birth rate is higher. Robeson's Changing Population Picture ~In 1960 Robeson County had a total population of 89,102. By-1970, just ten years later, however, the number had dropped to 84,842, representing a loss of 4,260 persons, or 4.8 per cent of the 1960 total. Since deaths in Robeson during that period were more than offset by births, the cause of this reduction is attributed to out-migration--out-migration in Robeson County. More Blacks than anyone else leave Robeson County, and more Whites stay put. In the period 1960-1970 the total out-migration for Blacks was a whopping 29.7 per cent as compared with 17,000excuse me--17.8 per cent for Indians, and only 9.0 per cent for Whites. In 1960 there were 36,552 Whites comprising 41 per cent of the total population, and representing a loss of only, uh, 290 persons for the prior ten year's period. In 1970 there were 36,262 White persons representing 42 per cent--! mean 42.; 7 per cent of the population and a loss of only 0.9 per.cent du~ing the previous decade. In 1960 there were 2--26,294 Indians representing 29.5 per cent of the county's population and an increase of 410 persons for a 1.6 per cent increase. In 1970, however, there were 26,704 Indians representing 31.5 per cent of the

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LUM 141A 3 county's total population, and a natural increase of 410 persons. In 1960 there were 26,256 Blacks representing 25.8 per cent of the county's population. By 1970, however, the number had dropped to 21,876, representing 25 percent--25.8 per cent of Robeson's population; a loss of 4,380 persona:,or 16.3 per cent. Even death ___ _ to raise here. Even death to raise in Robeson County allotting you more years if you are an Indian, and still more years if you are White. If you are a Black, you are low man on the totem pole and can expect to live a considerably shorter life. In 1971 the average age at death in Robeson was 63.8 years for White persons, 60.7 years for Indians, and 56.7 years for people of the Black race. Death rates are also graduated according to race. In 1970, for example, it was 11.54 for White people, 10.86 for Indians, and 14.00 for Black people. However, the average for 1970 and 1971 was 11.8 for White persons, 11.22 for Indians, and 14.32 for Blacks. Birth Rates As if to compensate for adverse conditions, birth rates among non-Whites in Robeson are higher. In 1969, for example, there were 558 White births giving that ethnic group a 15.4 birth rate and a fetal--a fertility rate of 72.9. The same year 770 babies were born to Indian parents giving that group a birth.rate of 28.9 and a fertility rate of 132.7. In the same period there were 598 Black births with a birth rate of 26.9 and a fertility rate of 107.9. Of these births 23 were born to unwed White mothers, 91 to unwed Indian mothers, and 240 to unwed Black mothers. The percentage of these in that order, were 4.1 per cent, 11.8 per cent, and 40.10--excuse me--40.1 per cent. Fetal Death Rate In 1970 the fetal death rate in Robeson was higher among Blacks--32.0, second highest among Indians--18.6, and lowest among Whites-16.9. In 1971 the pattern was, uh, repeated. Blacks--35.4, Indians--15.3, and Whites--14.0. Neo-Natal Death Rate The most crucial--the most crucial twe in a newly born child's life is the first

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LUM 141A 28 days. Babies who die within that period are called "Neo-natal deaths." That's-spelled N-E-0-N-A-T-A-L; neonatal deaths. Neonatal deaths by I'_ac_e,. Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970. Uh, during 1970 there were 641 live White births, and 11 neonatal deaths, which gave a neonatal death rate of 17.2 for White people. In 1970 there were 696, uh, Black b1rths with a neonatal death numbering 12. This gives a neonatal death of 17.2 which is exactly the same as that for, uh, White people. During 1970, however, there were 897 live Indian births with 12 neonatal deaths giving a neonatal death rate of 13.4. How do these compare with the totals? Well, during 1970 there were, in all, 2,2"34 live births. This gave an overall neonatal death rate of 15.7. Neonatal Death by Race, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971 During 1971 there were 631 live births among White people. Uh, there were 6 neonatal deaths giving a neonatal death rate of 9.5. There were 815 live births among Black people, 10 of which died neonatally giving a 12.3 per cent neonatal death rate for Black people. There were 774 Indian births, uh, live births that is, among the Indians, and there were 17 neonatal births--I mean neonatal deaths. That gave 22.0 per cent of neonatal deaths for Indians, which is higher than, uh, either Blacks or Whites. All these totals added up to 2,220 and 33 neonatal deaths. Uh, so the average for all the county was 14.9 per cent. Number of Infant Deaths by Race and Sex, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970 Uh; let's look at the figures first of all, for Whites. Male--7, female--4, under 28 days. 28 days to one year: 2 male, no female. Total infant deaths among White people: 9 males; 4 females--a total of 13. For Black people under 28 days: male 8,female 4. 28 days to one year: male 5, female one. Total infant deaths: _male 12, female 6, uh, giving a total of 18. For Indians under 28 days: 8 male, 4 female. 28 days to one year: 5 male, 10 female. 4

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LUM 141A Gives a total of 13 male and 14 female, for a total of 27. 0verall Deaths Under 28 days: 23 male, 12 female. 28 days to one year: 12 males, 11 females. Total infant deaths: 34 males and 24 females. The total of all these is 58. Number of Infant Deaths by Race and Sex, Robeson County", North Carolina, 1971 White under 28 days: 4 male, 2 female. Under 28 days: No male, one female. Total: 4rmales and 3 females. Total deaths: 7. Blacks under 28 days: 5 male, 5 female. 28 days to one year: 2 males, 3 females. Total: 7 males, 8 females. Total for all Black infant deaths: 15. Indians under 28 days: 9 males and 8 females. 28 days to one year: 2 males and 5 females. Total: 5 11 males, 13 females. Total deaths for Indians during the infant stage: 24. Grand total: Under 28 days: 18 males, 15 females. 28 days to a year: 4 males, 9 females. Total infant death: 22 males, 22 females for a total of 46. Now what was the infant death rate by race in Robeson County, North Carolina for the year 1970? White 641 live births; deaths--13. That gives a infant death rate of 20. 3 for White people for the year 1970. Blacks: Live births: 696. Deaths: 18, giving an infant death rate of 2.9 per Indians: 897 live births, 27 deaths. Infant death rate _per thousand _____ 30.1. Total: ,234 live births. 58 deaths. _____ per thousand ____ _ 26.0. So, you can see that the Indian death rate among infants is higher than anybody else. For Whites it is 20.3, for Blacks it is 25.9, for Indians it is 30.1, and that is also above, uh, the average for-the rate for the entire county, which is 26.0. Infant Death Rate by Race, Robeson Countn North Carolina., 1971 White: 631 live births, 7 deaths, rate per thousand ____ : 11.0. Blacks: 815 live births, 15 deaths, uh, rate per thousand 18.4. Indian: live births: 774, deathsJ 24, rate per .thousand ___ _ 31.0. Totals: 2220-2,220 live births in all, 46 deaths in all, rates per thousand ____ _ for the entire county: 20.7.

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LUM 141A 6 Reported Cases of Gonorrhea, 1969--1971, Robeson County, North Carolina Okay, we'll take the 1971 figures first. Total number of cases: 174. Number of cases reported to private physicians: 43. Number of these by a Br. Burleson, B-U-R-L-E-S-0-N: 11. Total number of cases: 138. Number of cases reported by private physicians: 57. In 1969 the total number of cases of gonorrhea reported: 63. Number of cases reported by private physicians: 12. Reported Cases of Gonorrhea, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970 Age: from O years to 9 years no White cases, no Indian cases, no Black cases, no total. 10 to 19 years: 2 Whites, 5 Indians, 55 Blacks; giving a total of 62 cases of reported gonorrhea in the age group 10 to 19. 20 to 29. 4 Whites, 10 Indians, 25 Blacks. Total: 39, Now the age group In the age group 30 to 39 the cases of gonorrhea reported among White people: 4, among Indians: none, among Blacks: 6. Total: 4. In the age group 40 to 49 Whites: none, Indians: none, BLacks: one. Total: one. Reported Cases of Gonorrhea by Age Group, Race, and Sex, 1971, Robeson County, North Carolina For Blacks under 15: 2 male, 5 female. Whites under 15: no males, no females. For Indians: no males, no females. Total: 7. Now for the age group 15 through 17. Blacks: 11 males, 18 female, Whites: no male, 3 females, Indians: 3 males, one female. Total: 36. In the age group 18 to 20: among Blacks: 16 males, 16 females, among Whites: 6 females, 2 males, among Indian: 4 male, 5 female. Total: 49. In the age group 21 to. 24: White--no, this first is Black: male-16, female--15, among Whites: 4 male, one female, among Indians: 8 male, 5 female. Others: one male, Total: 50, 50 cases of gonorrhea in the age group 21 to 24. In the age group--in the age group 25 to 29 there were 12 Black males, 5 Black females, one White male, one White female, 3 Indian males, one Indian female. Total: 13. 30 years or over: among Blacks: 5 males and one female, among Whites: no males, no females, among Indians: 4

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LUM 141A males, no females, That gives a total of ten cases for that particular age group. For all age groups the totals are as follows: Blacks--62 males, 60 females. Whites--11 males, 7 females. Among Indians--22 males, 12 females. Others~ one. Total: 174, Reported Cases of Gonorrhea by Sex and Race for the year 1971 in Robeson County, North Carolina Race: White. Number of cases: 11 male, 7 female. Total: 18. Rate: 49.0, That's--that rate is computed at, uh, 100,000--occur at 100,000. Indian: 22 male, 12 female. Total: 34. Rate: 131.4. Black: 62 male,-60 female. Total: 122. Rate: 551.2. Others: male--one, female--none. Total: one. Total--this is the grand total: 96 cases for males, 79 cases for females. Total: 175. Rate 100,000: 207.5. Reported Cases of Gonorrhea, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970 Age group Oto 9: no White, no Indian, no Black, no total, no rate. For the age group10 to 19:' 2 Whites, 5 Indians, 55 Blacks--total: 62. Overall rate; uh,'per thousand: 3.04. Age group 20 to 29: 4 White, 10 Indian, 25 Black, total: 39, rate pe~ thousand: 3.33. Age group 30 to 39: 4 White, no Indian in that age group, Black--6. Total; 10. Rate: 1.17. Age group 40 to 49: no Whites, no Indians, one Black. Total: one. Rate: 1.10. Total: 10 White, 15 Indian, 87 Black. Total: 112. Rate: 1.27. Now, rate per thousand: Whites: 2.75, Indian: 5.61, Black: 39.8. Total: 127. Reported Cases of Infectious Syphilis, Robeson County, 1970 Age group one to 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--2. Total: 2. Age group 10 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Age group 20 to 29: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--6. Total: 6. Age group 30 to 39: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--3. Total: 3. Syphilis, 1970 No secondary syphtlis reported. 7

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LUM 141A Early Latent Syphilis Age group Oto 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--none. No total. Age group 10 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, for in the case of Blacks, total: one. Age group 20 to 29: no White, no Black--I mean, no White, no Indian, Black--2, __ one. Total: one. Late Latent Cases of Syphilis Number of cases: one. Race: Black. Reported Cases Infectious Syphilis, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970 Age group 1--0 to 9--I'm sorry. Age group Oto 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--2. Total: 2. Age group 10 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Age group 20 to 29: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--6. Total: 6. Age group 30 to 39: Whites--none, Indians--none, 8 Blacks--3. Total: 3. Age group 40 to 49: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks-none. No total. Age group 50 to 59: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total-:one. Age group 60 to 69: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Age group 70 and over: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one, Total: one. Total: 15 Blacks--excuse that--total: Whites--none, Indiansnone, Blacks--15. Total: 15. Okay, what's the rate for all these groups? From Oto 9 the rate per thousand is 9. Age group 10 to 19_the rate per thousand is 3.2. From--for the age group 20 to-29, uh, the rate is 39 to 6. From 30 to 39 the rate per thousand is 24.0. For the age group 40 to 49 there is no rate. Age group 50 to 59 the rate is_l.2. From 60 to 69 the rate is 1.5. For those over 70 the rate per thousand is 2.6. That gives--that gives a 1.7 rate. Reported Cases Infectious Syphilis, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971 Age group O to 9: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Rate'i 5.43. Age group 10 to 14: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--one. Total: one. Rate: 9.46. The age group 15 to 19: Whites--none, Indians--none, Blacks--5.

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LUM 141A 9 Total: 5. Rate: 5.16. Total: 5. Rate: 4.29. Indians~-one, Blacks--5. Age group 20 to 29: Whites--one, Indians--2, Blacks--2, 30 and over-~the age group 30 and over: Whites--none, Total: 6. Rate: 1.75. Total: Whites--one, Indians--3, Blacks--14. Makes a total of 18 and gives a rate per thousand of 2.13. The overall rate per thousand: Whites--2.7, Indians--1.12, Blacks--6.5. Total: 2.13. Reported Cases of Infectious Hepatitis, Robeson County, 1970 (Hepatitis is spelled H-E-P-A-T-I-T-I-S) Age group Oto 9: no White cases, 19 Indian cases, 3 Black cases, makes a total of 22. Age group 10 to 19: one White case, 8 Indian cases, 2 Black cases, makes a total of 11 cases of infectious hepa--hepatitis. Age group 20 to 29: White cases--4, Indian cases--2, Black cases--none. Total of 6. Age group 30 to 39: White cases--one, Indian casesnone, Black cases--one. Total SIDE II Uh, since we were interupted by_ the tape running .out on that reported cases of infectious hepatitis, Robeson County, 1970, I think I'ld better repeat that. In the age group Oto 9 years there were no cases among Whites, but 19 cases among Indians and three cases among Blacks, making a total of 22. In the age group 10 to 19 there was one case among Whites reported, 8 cases among Indians, 2 cases among Blacks, making a total of 11 cases. In the age group of 20 to 29, uh, there were 4 cases reported among Whites, there were 2 cases reported among Indians, no cases among Blacks, making a total of 16. In the ge group of 30 to 39 there was one case reported among Whites, uh, no cases reported among Indians, one case reported among Blacks, making a total of 2. Uh, none over age 40 among Blacks, Whites, or Indians. Hepatitis--Infectious, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971 Age group under 15, uh, 3 cases among, uh, Black females, 2 cases among White males, and 3 cases among Black--I mean White females, excuse me please. Among

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LUM 141A 10 Indians, uh, 2 cases, both male. Total: 10. In the age group 15 to 17: Black male--one, female--none. White--one--White male--one, White female--none. Indian male--none, Indian female--none. Total: 3. In the age group 18 to 20: Black males--none, Black females--none. White males--one, White females--one. Indian males--none, Indian females--none. Total: 2. In the age group 21 to 30: Black males--one, Black females--none. White males--one, White females--2. Indian males--2, Indian females--none. Total: 6. Total: Black males--2, Black females--3. White males--6, White females--8. Indian males--4, Indian females--one. Grand Total: 24 cases. Reported Cases Infectious Hepatitis, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970 Age group 9 to 9: Whites--none, Blacks--3, Indians--19; total: 22. Rate per thousand: 1.19. Age group 10 to 19: White~-one, Black--2, Indian--8; total: 11. Rate per thousand: 0.54. Age group 20 to 29: White--4, Black--none, Indian--2; total: 6. Rate per thousand: 051. Age group 30 to 39: White--one, Black--one, Indian--none; total: 2. Rate: .23. 40 and over: no cases reported for either. Total: Whites--6, Blacks--6, Indians--29. Total: 41. Rate: 4.83. Uh, those totals should not have been in percentages, uh, they-weren't rates, they were--those were numbers. I'll repeat those numbers. 6 Whites, 6 Blacks, 29 Indians. Total number of 41. Rate per thousand was 4.83. Uh, rate per thousand for the different races: Whites--.165. For Ind--Blacks--2.74. For Indians it was higher than for anyone else--10.85. New Cases--New Active Cases of Tuberculosis by Sex, Race, and Age; Robeson County, North Carolina, 1970 There are several types of tuberculosis. One is called the primary stage, the other is called the minimal stage, still another is called the moderate stage, and there's the hard vent(?) stage, and the extra-pulsory stage, and the others such as bone, j!Zimt, so forth. So this, uh, may be a little bit complicated. There were two cases of the primary type tuberculosis reported for males, and

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LUM 141A two for females. One was White; three were Black. There were no Indians. Uh, in the age group Oto 20 there were 4. In the age group 21 to 50 there were 11 none. There were no cases over 50. That makes a total of 4 cases of tuberculosis of the primary type. The minimal type: 2 male, one female. One White, 2 Black, no Indians. In the age group 1 to 20 there were none. In the age group 21 to 50 there were 2. Uh, in the age group 50 or more there were one. That makes a total of 3. The moderate stage of tuberculosis: there were 9 cases male; 6 cases female. There were 6 cases among White--Whites, 8 cases among Blacks, one case among Indians, uh, two cases reported among--among the age group Oto 20. 4 cases in the age group 21 to 50. 9 cases in the age group 50 and over. Making a total of 15 cases. Tuberculosis in the Advanced--of the Advanced Type There were 10 males, 3 females. One was White, 10 were Black, 2 were Indian. Uh, there were 2 cases in the Oto 20 age group, there were 5 cases in the 21 to 50 age group, 6 cases in the 50 or over age group, giving a total of 13. Tuberculosis--Extra-pulminary Type There were one case--there was one case among males, no case among females. 0118 among Whites, no cases among Blacks; no cases among Indians. No cases in the age group Oto 20, no cases--21 to 50, one case"50 or over. Made a total of one. Other Types of Tuberculosis--Bone, Joint, and So Forth There were no males, 2 females. One White, one Black, no Indian. No cases in the age group Oto 20, no cases in the age group 21 to 50, 2 cases were in the age group 40--I mean 50 or over. Made a total of 2. Mediary Type Tuberculosis No males, one female. No Indians--! mean no Whites, one Black, no Indians. No one in the age group Oto 20, uh, one in the age group 21 to 50, none in the age group 50 or better. Made a total of one case.

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LUM 141A Reactivation Cases of Tuberculosis One male, no female. No Whites, No Blacks, one Indian. No one in the age group 0 to 20, no one in the age group 21 to 50, one in the age group 50 and over. Made a total of one. Totals: 25 males, 15 females. 11 cases were White, 25 cases were Black, only 4 cases, uh, were Indian, and there was 8--there were 8 cases in the age group Oto 20. There were 12 cases, uh, in the age group 12 21 to 50. There were 20 in the age group 50 and over. Made a total of 40 cases. New Active Cases of Tuberculosis by Sex, Race and Age, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1971 A case--primary cases: there were 2 males, 2 females. None were White, one was Black, 3 were Indians. There were 3 in the age group Oto 20. None in the age group 21 to 50, one in the age group 50 or over, making a total of 4 cases of primary tuberculosis. Minimal Cases of Tuberculosis (That's M-I-N-I-M-A-L) 4 males, one female. One White, 2 Black, 2 Indian. None in the age group Oto 20, 3 in the age group 21 to 50, uh, 2 in the age group 50 and over, Total: 5. Moderate Cases 70 males--I mean 7males and 3 females. 3 were White, 5 were Black, 2 were Indian. 2 were in the age group Oto 20, 4 were in the age group 21 to 50, 4 were in the age group 50 and over. Gave a total of 10 cases. Far Advanced Cases of Tuberculosis 11 males, 4 females. 3 were White, 8 were Black, and 4 were Indian. In the age group of Oto 20 there were 2, in the age group 21 to 50 there were 6, in the age group 50 or over there were 7, which made a grand--a total number of cases of 15. Extra-pulminary Cases One male, no female. No White, one Black, no Indian. One in the age group Oto 20,

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LUM 141A 13 none in the age group 21 to 50, none in the age group 50 or over. Made a total of one. Other: Bone, Joint, and so Forth No males, no females. No cases. Unexplained Pluracy 3 males, one male--one female. No Whites, 3 Blacks, one Indian. No one in the age group 1 to 20. one in the age group 21 to 50, 3 in the age group 50 or over. Made a total of 4. Reactivation 4 male, no female. One White, 2 Black, one Indian. No one in the age group 0 to 20, no one in the age group 21 to 50, 4 in the age group 50 and over. Made a total of 4. All right now, for the totals: 32 males, 11 females. 8 Whites, 22 Blacks, 13 Indians. 8 in the age group Oto 20, 14 in the age group 21 to 50, 21 in the age group 50 and over. Made a total of 43 cases for the year 1971. Rank--Rank from Highest Rate to Lowest by County, North Carolina for Selected Events Related to Health. Counties of Region in North Carolina for the Year 1970 Birth rate in Scotland County for Whitesris 9, for non-Whites--11. In Hoke County for Whites, the birth rate is 14, for non-Whites it's 10. In Robeson County for Whites the birth rate is 32; non-Whites~-4. Uh, Bladen County: Whites--59, non-Whites--76. There seems to be something wrong with that, but this is the way it is. Premature births among Whites in Scotland County is 39. Among non-Whites it's 71. In Hoke County for Whites it's 35; for non-Whites it's 57. In Robeson for Whites it's 63; among non-Whites it's 80. Bladen County4-among Whites it's 85; among non-Whites--87. Out of Wedlock cases: ---Scotland County: Whites--10, non-Whites--23. Hope County: Whites--18, non-Wh~tes~-26. Robeson: Whites--35, non-Whites--76. Bladen County: Whites--56, non-Whites--33. Fetal deaths: Scotland: White--84, non-White--68. Hoke County: White--88, non-White--22. Robeson County: White--30, non-White--40. Bladen County: White--70, non-White-18. Neonatal_ deaths in Scotland County: Whites--57, non-Whites--42. Hoke County:

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LUM 141A Whites--10, non-Whites--78. Robeson County: Whites--44, non-Whites--71, Bladen County: Whites--16, non-Whites--17. Paranatal deaths in Scotland County: Whites--80, non-Whites--53. Hoke County: Whites--22, non-Whites--85, Robeson County: Whites--28, non-Whites--64, Bladen County: Whites--26, non Whites--42, Postnatal deaths in Scotland County: Whites--9, non-Whites--23. Hoke County: Whites--86, non-Whites--46. Robeson County: White--65, non White--38. Bladen County: White--11, non-White--68. Infant deaths Scotland County: White--29, c8oo~~and County: non-White--33. Hoke County: White--20, 14 75 non-White. Robeson County: White--22, non-White--61, Bladen County: White-15, non-White--74.