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Florida, The American Italy : Grant Park, Florida, Land Co. (554)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00005110/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida, The American Italy : Grant Park, Florida, Land Co. (554)
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: Press of A. H. Kellogg
Place of Publication: New York, NY
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
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        Page 8
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        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text


American Italy

32 Astor House, New York.
167 South Water St., Chicago.






TO THOSE who are familiar with geography, Florida is known
as a peninsula, being situated between the Atlantic Ocean
and the Gulf of Mexico. Surrounded on nearly all sides by
salt water, her climate is tempered to a very uniform degree. Even if
her geographical position did not give her this advantage, the gulf
stream of the Atlantic, which converts bleak Scotland into a luxuriant
garden, would render her climate salubrious and inviting. When the
Manitoba winds are reaching over the prairies of the North, and depress-
ing the mercury below zero, the sun is giving his warmth to Florida, the
birds are singing, the flowers blooming, the strawberries ripening, and
fall is changing into spring, banishing the winter out of the category of
seasons altogether.
We do not wish the reader to be lured into a mistaken belief that
Florida is a land where everything in nature is superior and no disad-
vantages to encounter. There is no portion of the United States where
the temperature does not vary, despite all gilded statements to the con-
trary, and this circular is intended to place before the reader facts,
and not glittering promises ; nor should the settler desire to live in a
perfectly even climate, as it would not conduce to his advantage. But
there are no extremes, no freezing of the earth in winter, nor scorching
of every living thing in summer. What is desired is a climate in which
the air is dry and bracing, warm in winter and cool in summer, and
with pleasant showers during the growing season. Though the winters
are mild, yet the temperature occasionally falls to the freezing point-
30� above zero-but seldom lower, and probably not once in five years ;
but when the winters are very long and severe at the North, the Ice
King will at times blow his breath to Florida, but only for a few hours.
The summers are magnificent. Those who live in the North are
of the opinion that the further south one goes the warmer the days in

summer. It is a mistaken supposition, as it is really warmer in Montreal,
Canada, in the month of July than in Florida or any portion of the
South. We will explain the matter. Florida really is warmer than Canada.
Everyone knows such is the fact. But her warmth is diffused over
a great extent of time, the heat being gradually diffused; but in Canada
Nature must provide for contingencies. She gives insufficient warmth
for. growing vegetation until June, and then she bends her whole ener-
gies and pours down the heat like blazing fire, the thermometer running
up in the hundreds, while in Florida the balmy breezes are playing
around the dwellings and tempering the heat to a fitting condition. It
is rare for the temperature to reach 95 degrees in Florida. True, once
and awhile we have a hot day, as it is called at the North, but Florida
is not heaven, and must occasionally be subject to the ills that beset
the earth, and, though willing to accord to her whatever few disad-
vantages she may possess, yet, when we compare her salubrious climate
with that of other states, we may truly say, " comparisons are odious."


Rain, in some states, comes down for a week and saturates the
ground, filling cellars and overflowing the land. Then comes on a
drought, and the farmer worries and frets for a shower, knowing that
his crops are at stake. It is either too much rain or not enough. But
with Florida the case is different. During the growing season Nature
seems to help her in every possible manner.
We give below a report of the weather, from Jan. 23 to Aug. 5,
which is taken from an accurate record by Mrs. L. B. ROBINSON, a
literary lady living in Florida.
January 23-Cold Rain. Fire feels good.. Thermometer at the
North reported low down-below zero.
January 24-Cold rain all day.
January 25-Clearing; sunshine.
February 2-Weather somewhat cold.
February 3-Rainy.
February 6-Windy; rain.
February 11-Very warm, 80'. Roses blooming abundantly.
February 12-Turned suddenly cold at night, 48�.
February 13-380 early in the morning. Frost on low ground.
February 14 to 19-Fine. Planted garden seeds. Strawberries
daily. 820 m. in the shade; 700 at night.
February 20-Sultry. Rain at night.
February 27-First heavy rain since we came. Thunder storm.
February 28-Discovered multitudes of orange-blossoms on our
trees, just six years old from the seed ; budded nearly two years. Sud-
den'change, 46� at sunset.

March 3-Found peach-blossoms. Hard rain and blow. Turning
March 4-Wind blowing cold and hard all day. Very disagreeable
morning, 48� ; night, 56'. Picnic in the neighborhood had to be held
March 5-Blustering. 590 to 61�.
March 6-Morning cold, 47�. Wind high.
March 8-Rain.
March 21-Wind blowing hard.
March 22--Turned cold, 42� at night. Winds very strong, almost
a gale.
March 29-Thunder storm brewing. Rain passed around us. 70�
at noon. Wind blowing almost a gale.
March 30-Wind still blowing hard. 8 a. m., 49Q. Day bright.
Wind very high all day. Temperature from 500 to 600. Sprinkle of
rain. We could not leave the house to-day, it blew so.
March 31-No rain. 50�. Wind less violent at 8 a. m., but still
blowing hard and cold. It blows the sand about terribly.
April 1.-49�. Wind very high. No rain yet. Turned very cold
about dark.
April 2-380 at 8 a. m. Wind .cold, from north-west.
Arpil 3-Frost last night; almost killed garden ; beans, cucumbers,
tomatoes, and corn all wilted. Day cold and bright.
April 4-Rain enough to wet the top of the sand.
April 8-Pretty good rain ; wet the ground one-half inch. 800 m.
April 13-Heavy rain in the night. Still raining.
April 14-9 a. m., 500. Cold enough for fire.'
April 15-7 a. m., 48�. Fires. Day bright and pleasant.
April 25-Took down stove in sitting-room.
*April 26-Very warm.
May 14-Very hot, 940 highest point.
May 15-Hot, 94�.
May 16-Pleasant. 90�. Good breeze.
May 17-Very pleasant. 880. Strong breeze.
May 22-Showers.
May 23-Cool showers.
May 24-Cool showers.
May 25-Showers; pleasant.
May 26-Showers.
May 28-Pleasant.
May 29-Pleasant.
May 30-Rain; weather fine.
May 31-Cool and pleasant.
June 1-Showers; pleasant.
Jnne 2-Rain; pleasant.
June 3-It rains every day.

June 4-No rain. Breeze delightful.
June 5-Day very warm.
June 6-Day very warm.
June 7-Rain.
June 8-Rain.
June 9-A shower.
June 10-A shower.
June 11-A shower.
June 18-Very hot; 940 all day ; cool night.
June 19 to 27-Rain every day.
June 28-Thunder.
June 29-Thunder storm in the afternoon ; rain after dark.
June 30-Very warm, but good breeze ; 95�.
July 3-Weather delightful for several days. Rain.
July 4-Shower.
July 5-Showers ; pleasant.
July 9-Very hot, 96Q and no breeze.
July 16-Very warm ; sultry till dark. 97� the highest point.
July 17-Cooler to-day. Good breeze. 91�.
July 24-93�.
July 25-92� ; very oppressive ; Cooler at night.
July 26-Showers ; pleasant.
July 29-Pleasant.
July 31-Cool weather.
August 1-Cool weather.
August 4-Pleasant; rain.
August 5-Cool and showery.
Now, let us analyze the foregoing. We find that in winter the
temperature fluctuates as in the North, but when the mercury falls to
48� above zero it is termed "COLD." Here, in the North, we would be
working out-doors in shirt sleeves with a temperature of that kind.
Rains and showers are interspersed evenly and uniformly, and we call
especial attention to the reports for May, June, and July, the 16th of
that month the thermometer reaching as high as 970, the highest point
of the season. It rains nearly every day in summer-that is, a short
shower occurs, but free from those terrific lightning and thunder storms
that render a storm at the North sometimes unwelcome. The sun is
usually hot in the middle of the day, but the moment you reach the
shade all is changed, and there is always a breeze. The official records
show the daily average temperature to be 780 for summer and 600 for
winter. Such a thing as a cyclone is unknown.

There are hundreds of eligible locations in Florida; but people
must pay for luxuries. In some towns, lots that once sold for fifteen

dollars now command five hundred dollars, and yet they are all new
settlements. We have something better to offer at Grant Park than has
yet been held out, and the reader will agree with us when we have
explained the reasons why we consider Grant Park superior to other
locations. In the first place, all seacoast towns in Florida, on the
Atlantic coast, feel the dampness from the north-east storms, which,
though not as cold as in the North, are nevertheless disagreeable. Yet
the seacoast has its advantages. Fish are always plentiful, to say nothing
of oysters, clams, etc. Certain cheap lands have been reclaimed by
digging canals and draining lakes, but the decomposing vegetable
deposits, though rich, and tend to fertility, are the abodes of malaria,
and will not be free from such until the country is fully settled and
cultivation becomes general. The rich hummock lands are the best
in the world, but malaria must be encountered until they are inhabited.
The best lands for settlers are the high, dry, fine sandy soils, which are
the healthiest in the world. Persons suffering with malaria recover
without the aid of medicine on such soils. The reader must not con-
found a sandy loam with a bank of barren sand. The soil is capable
of producing nearly every kind of crop grown in the United States,
making, of course, allowance for climatic conditions, and no better
advantages can be secured than upon such soils, which are easily culti-
vated, and respond nobly to care and attention.
We claim for Grant Park that it is just the right distance from the
coast on the gulf side-twelve miles. A few hours' drive to the coast,
and the settler can secure all the fish and oysters he desires, or enjoy
himself with a bath, while in winter he is safe from the chilling effects
of the Atlantic coast. We know that it is customary to picture a beau-
tiful lake to the settler. Grant Park has no lake. We have been wise
enough to avoid such little allurements. Lakes mean low ground on
their surroundings, and give visions of ditching and drainage. Grant
Park needs no canals or ditches, nor does she want a small lake, which
are really large ponds that breed malaria.
The people of Grant Park have a large lake only twelve miles away
-the Gulf-but within her own limits all is high, dry, and ready.
The Silver Springs, Ocala & Gulf Railroad is being rapidly extended,
and will soon pass through the town, and so will the Macon, Ga.,
Short Line South. As yet, the railroads have not reached us, though
graded to within six miles, which is fortunate for the settler, or he
could not buy lots for five dollars. With the entrance of the railroad
up goes the value of the lots, and the "first come" will be the ones to
profit from the offer. Grant Park is owned by a company of Eastern
and Western capitalists, who secured this eligible location for the pur-
pose of deriving a profit. So we will be frank and acknowledge the fact.
We have no wish to misrepresent anything. But we must first offer our
lots at a low rate. We are doing so now, but confess we do not wish
to. We have no railroad quite with us as yet, and we are compelled to

confess that, at the present, we are lacking in the advantages pertaining
to older settlements, and hence offer our lots at a very low figure,
because we want the settlers instead of the money. But we want the
money after awhile, and after we have sold enough lots for our purpose,
somebody will have to pay the difference, and as our prices go up, so
will your lots also. Lots in no towns, either in their infancy, or long-
established, offer such inducements. With two railroads, one running
north and south, and the other east and west, we have the best location
in the State.
Another thing. Grant Park is in Marion County, one of the banner
counties of the State, and one of the most flourishing. It is much
further south than the counties that have within their limits many
flourishing towns; but if the reader will look at the map, he will find
Marion County has no arm of the Everglades extending into it. No
swamp overflows, or "reclaimed" lands, or boasted lakes, that serve as
receptacles for the drainage of swamps, but is situated well to the south
and on a high ridge, with the breezes of the Atlantic and the Gulf, and
possessing a soil capable of yielding all the tropical fruits, and where
health and vigor may be enjoyed by all.
In the report of the weather in Florida, which we gave on a previous
page, we will state that the observations were made at Orlando, on the
Atlantic side. On the Gulf coast we are free from the chilly north-easters.

We will not tell you about oranges yet. What you wish to know;
if you desire to remove to Florida, is, what to grow while -the orange
tree is approaching from infancy to maturity. With the fish and oysters,
the abundant game, and the crops growing nearly every month of the
year, a settler cannot suffer or want, unless he is too trifling to exist
anywhere. Here is what may be done in Florida, and if a greater
variety of vegetation flourishes elsewhere, we do not know it. Marion
County is even somewhat earlier,. while the crops mentioned are all
adapted to her soil.
In January, plant Irish potatoes, peas, beets turnips, cabbage, and
all hardy or semi-hardy vegetables ; make hot beds for pushing the more
tender plants, such as melons, tomatoes, okra, egg-plants, etc.; set out
fruit and other trees, and shrubbery.
February-Keep planting for a succession, same as in January ; in
addition, plant vines of all kinds, shrubbery, and fruit trees of all kinds,
especially of the citrus family, snap beans, corn ; bed sweet potatoes
for draws and slips. Oats may also still be sown as they are in previous
March-Corn, oats, and planting of February may be continued;
transplant tomatoes, egg-plants, melons, beans, and vines of all kinds;
mulberries and blackberries are now ripening.

April-Plant as in March, except Irish potatoes, kohl rabi, turnips ;
continue to transplant tomatoes, okra, egg-plants ; sow millet, corn, cow
peas for fodder ; plant the butter bean, lady peas ; dig Irish potatoes.
Onions, beets, and usual early vegetables should be plenty for table.
May-Plant sweet potatoes for draws in beds ;. continue planting
corn for table ; snap beans, peas and cucumbers ought to be well for-
ward for use; continue planting okra, egg-plants, pepper, and butter
June-The heavy planting of sweet potatoes and cow peas is now in
order ; Irish potatoes, tomatoes, and a great variety of table.vegetables
are now ready, as also plums, early peaches, and grapes.


July-Sweet potatoes and cow peas are safe to plant, the rainy season
being favorable ; grapes, peaches, and figs are in full season. Orange
trees may be set out if the season is wet.

August-Finish up planting sweet potatoes and cow peas ; sow cab-
bage, cauliflower, turnips for fall planting; plant kohl rabi and rutaba-
gas ; transplant orange trees and bed ; last of month plant a few Irish
potatoes and beans.
September-Now is the time to commence for the true winter garden,
the garden which is commenced in the North in April and May. Plant
the whole range of vegetables, except sweet potatoes ; set out aspara-
gus, onion sets, and strawberry plants.
October --Plant same as last month; put in garden peas; set out
cabbage plants ; dig sweet potatoes ; sow oats, rye, etc.
November-A good month for garden; continue to plant and trans-
plant, same as for October ; sow oats, barley, and rye for winter pastur-
age crops; dig sweet potatoes, house or bank them; make sugar and syrup.
December-Clear up generally; fence,ditch, manure and sow and plant
hardy vegetables; plant, set out orange trees, fruit trees, and shrubbery.
The settler of limited means needs but little land. Ten acres, well
selected, are enough for him. He can plant sugar cane that will pay
handsomely every year. He can set out his orange grove at once, and
at the same time plant crops that will support his family and pay him
some cash besides within the first eight months. The raising of early
vegetables is now, and always will be, extremely profitable in Florida,
and the farther south the greater the profit. The business in this
State began in a small way near Fernandina and Jacksonville six years
ago, and has greatly increased; but there is an enormous field for
expansion, and the subject is worthy the special attention of settlers.
Their crops of early vegetables bring them quick cash returns within
from four to five months after planting, at high prices ; the yield of a
single acre often reaching from $100 to $400. Thus far, the only vege-
tables shipped North from Florida are potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers,
cabbage, asparagus, and strawberries. Onions should be largely raised,
and would be among the most profitable. The early supplies for the
North come at present from the following sources : Bermuda, com-
mencing in March ; Northern Florida, four weeks later than Bermuda;
Savannah and Charleston three or four weeks later than Florida ; Nor-
folk ten days later than Charleston. Then prices fall, and Maryland
and New Jersey follow in quick succession. Florida holds the key of
the most valuable part of this trade. Settlers on the lands of this Com-
pany can entirely supplant Bermuda in the trade, being three or four
weeks ahead of Northern Florida, which has already taken the cream
from Charleston, and rendered the immense "truck" farms around
Norfolk unprofitable. For eight or ten weeks Florida can have this
trade all to herself, at the highest prices.

While Florida does not for a moment intend to take a rear place as
a state within which wealth can be secured (for more money is made

per cultivated acre than in any other state), yet she' possesses the
grandest health-giving climate in the world. But we do not hold out
to the settler a renewal of life. It is just the place for a consumptive,
but Florida cannot give new lungs, nor can she add to the body that
which has been lost. The time to come is before disease destroys the
vital organs. It is too late when the lungs are gone, but if enough is
left to afford breathing capacity, the climate may prolong your life, and
if the disease is only in its incipiency you may be restored to health.
Catarrh. yields easily in this climate. Bowel diseases are rare, unless
from imprudence in diet, while diphtheria, the scourge of the little ones,
is unknown. The cholera has never visited Florida, even when it
claimed its victims elsewhere by thousands, and except at Pensacola
and Key West, where foreign ships trade, there is no such thing as yellow
fever. The mortality of the State is lower than that of any other state
in the Union.
What the settler should guard against is malaria. There is no more
malaria in Florida than elsewhere, in one sense, but it depends upon
where you locate. Philadelphia has no malaria, nor has Camden,
which is exactly opposite to it, but three miles below Camden, at Glou-
cester, no one is free from it. Why is this ? Simply because in front
of Gloucester are marshes and wet places. A mill-pond may destroy
the health of a country three miles in diameter.. There are, undoubt-
edly, portions of the State that, like other similar places elsewhere, are
-unhealthy. First, the lands called " hummocks," or dense growths of
almost tropical vegetation, where the rich, moist, shaded soil is filled
with decaying vegetable matter, and which, the moment it is subjected
to cultivation, is in the exact condition most favorable to the develop-
ment of that mysterious poison, malaria. Second, there are extensive
marshy regions lying along the margins of lakes and rivers, covered
with a tall, coarse grass, called saw-grass, where the water stands a few
inches deep during the rainy season, but which becomes partially dry
at other times, when, if possible, malaria is even more than ever abund-
ant. The poisonous emanations from these saw-grass marshes some-
times extend a long distance, and render residence near them almost
certainly fatal to white men; but curiously enough, some of these prairies
form exceptions to the general law, and it is said there are millions of
acres in South Florida where all the usual conditions for the propaga-
tion of malaria seem to abound, but where, for some unexplained reason,
if we are to trust the reports of "cattle-men," who alone inhabit this
region, malaria does not exist. Third, there are portions of the State
where something in the composition of the underlying rocks, and the
water-supply influenced by these rocks is greatly prejudicial to health.
A very intelligent gentleman, who has been long a resident of the State,
and who has traveled over it extensively, remarked that he wanted
nothing better than a piece of soap to determine the healthfulness of
any locality in the State. " For," said he, "wherever the rotten lime-

stone is found, the water is hard, and there it will be sickly. I don't
care how high it is or how dry. It may look all right, and you can't
see any reason for sickness, but people cannot be well where that water
is found." Fourth, there are low, flat regions, covered with saw-
palmetto, lying along the banks of rivers where drainage is imperfect,
and where more or less malaria is certain to be found. In more than
one instance; towns have been built in such places, from their peculiarly
advantageous locations; and the conflict between the laws of commerce
and the laws of health goes on in these settlements, as it does in other
parts of the world, with the usual doubtful issue. Congestive chills are
unknown, however, and enlarged spleen, a sure indication of a malaria
patient, has never been met with.
Having pointed out to the best of our knowledge the conditions of
the soil most favorable to malaria, we say: come to GRANT PARK.
Come where the land is dry, where the water is soft, where the air is
perfumed with the incense of the pines, where the breezes of the gulf
are constant, were the chilly winds of the Atlantic in winter will not
reach you, where two railroads will meet and cross in different direc-
tions, where a large amount of capital depends upon building up the
settlement, where your lots are sure to rise in value, where the soil will
produce any kind of crop indigenous to the climate, and where hundreds
are sure to follow you.


The little State of New Jersey has had a monopoly of the large
markets of New York and Philadelphia, and produces more to the
acre than any other state in the Union. In every county she grows
crops specially for those cities. In Atlantic and Cumberland Counties
her soil is pure white sand. In some sections not a blade of grass will
grow. But what is the result? The towns of Hammonton and Vine-
land, in those counties, with white sand for soil, produce $100 to $200
an acre-five or ten times as much as the rich prairies of the West; but
this is due to the fact that fruit only is grown. This fruit does not
reach the markets until Florida has snatched the richest prizes and
highest prices. One acre of the sandy loam of Grant Park is worth
three of the almost barren white sand of those places, to say nothing of
the fact that Grant Park can grow everything that New Jersey does, and
more too. And while the soil is valuable at Grant Park, the climate is
worth, in the words of a visitor, $1,000 an acre.


In this connection we will give the views of P. H. Jacobs, editor of
The Poultry Keeper, which has a circulation of 100,000. Mr. Jacobs
lives at Hammonton, N. J., and is not only the best authority on poultry

matters in this country, but is also familiar with fruit growing. He is
the agricultural editor of The Philadelphia Record, and also editor of
The Farmers' Magazine. He gives his opinion in his own language:
" My knowledge of Florida permits me to say that poultry can be
raised with greater profit there than in any other state. Her dry climate
prevents roup, while cholera is unknown. There is nothing more con-
ducive to successful poultry-raising than a dry sandy soil, which is
demonstrated here in Hammonton, where 30,000 chickens are hatched
every season, incubators being in general use. In Florida the climate
is just the thing for incubators, while brooders require little or no heat.
The hens lay every month in the year except when moulting, while
buildings, fences and insect food give but little trouble to procure.
I find that Florida does not even supply Jacksonville with enough eggs
and poultry, they being shipped from New York. Florida ought to
export poultry and eggs and not buy such. There is one.drawback-
the colored light-fingered gentry, who love fat hens-but to conduct
the poultry business on a large plan, the best method is to have an
assistant to clean out the houses at night, thus acting as a watchman.
Of all locations in Florida, I prefer Grant Park, and have secured a ten-
acre lot for my own use. My specialty will be poultry, upon which I
can do well while waiting for the orange trees- to grow. Fruit, bees,
poultry and vegetables, with no snows nor other obstacles, has attracted
.me for a longtime. I hope to add one to the number of the inhabitants
of Grant Park. Sell as many lots as possible, even as low as $5.00, but
mine cannot be purchased at ten times that sum."


For the present we offer to those who come first, lots 40 x 100, at $5
each; corner lots $10. Land for farming $20 to $40 per acre. No reser-
vations or restrictions to interfere with the purchaser, and deed given
in fee simple, with full warranty. The titles are the best, and no in-
cumbrance exists on the tract. The streets and lots are surveyed, and
every effort is being used to push the settlement rapidly forward.

There is plenty of timber on the land, mostly pine. The settler
can build a log house by simply cutting down the trees for the logs, or
he can purchase lumber at $12 per 1,000 feet. Houses need not be
made tight, owing to the mild climate. Building stone can be quarried
twelve miles from Grant Park. Clay, for bricks, exists, but chimneys
are more cheaply made of terra-cotta pipe. Carpenters charge from
$1.50 to $2.00 per day, but do not have to put as much labor on a house
as at the North.

The water is soft, clear and sparkling, and always cool. Wells are
used, water being found at from ten to twenty feet. There are no
stones or rock to blast in digging wells, and the supply of water once
obtained is never diminished.
Stables and outhouses are usually built of logs, and material for
fencing is cheap and plentiful. A fence costs literally nothing but labor.
If preferred, hedges of roses may be used, or evergreens. In fact Florida
gives you a hundred methods of getting along in the world to one

,- The passenger rates to Ocala, Fla., which is the riearest point to
which through rates can be given, are as follows, viz.: Cabin, $28.90;
Steerage, $17.40; Excursion, $47.35.
These rates are via Ocean S. S. Co. to Savannah, and Savannah,
Florida & Western Railway.
The Steamers of Ocean S. S. Co. sail tri-weekly-Tuesdays, Thurs-
days and Saturdays-from Pier 35, North River, foot of Spring Street,
New York, at 3 P. M.
The passage to Savannah averages fifty-five hours. The steamers
of this line are first-class in every respect, and the table supplied with
all the delicacies of northern and southern markets. Close connection
is made at Savannah with Savannah, Florida & Western Railway.
Ocala can also be reached by all-rail from New York, via Atlantic Coast
Line, passing through Washington, Richmond, Charleston and Savan-
nah. Tickets limited to seven days en-route, $34.30.
For further information as to freight and passenger rates, apply or
address, J. D. HASHAGEN, Eastern Agent, 261 Broadway, New York;
H. YONGE, Agent, Ocean S. S. Co., Pier 35, North River; JONAH H.
WHITE, Eastern Passbnger Agent, Atlantic Coast Line, 229 Broadway,
New York.



Regular steamer and rail freights from New York to Jacksonville
(and all other points in Florida) are not high, as will appear from the
following list of leading articles.
Flour per bbl., - - - $0.35 Furniture, per cub. foot - $0.121
Bacon" cwt., - - - - .40 Agricultural Imp. " -.- .10
Boxed Goods, per cwt. - .121- General Groceries " - - .10
By sailing vessels rates are about half as much.
Groceries, Dry Goods, Hardware, etc., can be bought from the
Florida merchants as cheaply, on the average, as in any Northern state,


and it is not necessary to bring any large supply, if the settler has
money to buy what he needs after reaching his new home.
At Ocala, prices are about as follows:
Flour, per bbl., - $5.00 to $8.00 Butter, per pound, -40.20 to .35
Bacon, " cwt., - 8.00 to 12.00 Coffee, " - - .15 to .25
Sugar, " pound, - .06 to .08. And other articles in proportion.


For house servants, $5 to $8 per month; farm laborers, $15 fo $20
andrations (costing $6 per month); day laborers, 50 cents and $1 per
diem; common mechanics, $1 to $1.25; skilled labor higher and in
Fuel (wood) is cheap, generally to be had for cutting and hauling,
and seldom needed, except for cooking.
Horses and mules cost from $50 to $150; carts, $25 to $30;' ploughs,
such as generally used, $3 to $6. All needed agricultural implements
can be bought cheaper in Florida, than to buy them North and pay
freight on them.



Read what is given in the Report of A. A. ROBINSON,
Commissioner of Immigration for the State of
Florida, regarding Marion County:

" Marion, the Blue Grass County of Florida-that is, it occupies the same relation
to this State that the Blue Grass region of Kentucky does to that State-is one of the
largest as well as one of the most fertile and productive counties in the State, especially
in Sea Island cotton and sugar cane.
The lands are generally elevated and undulating, drained both to ocean and gulf,
producing fine corn, oats, potatoes, rice, Guinea and other grasses, millet, pinders and
all kinds of vegetables. Many of the pine lands are very fine, being underlaid with
clay, marl, and lime-stone.
The hummocks are the richest and most extensive in the State. There is a solid
body of beautiful, undulating lands, extending from Ocala south; three to seven miles
wide and eighteen long, terminating near Whitesville, a rapidly growing place, that in
many respects will equal the famed lands of the Mississippi in productiveness. Equally
as fine lands lie north of Ocala, in the Sugar, Wetumka, Fort Drane and Tuskawilla
Hummocks, and in the western portion, bordering on the Withla-
coochee and embraced between that river and Ocala, is an
extensive scope of country, containing remarkably fine hummock
and pine lands; and in that section is the beautiful Blue Spring.
Native and cultivated grasses are luxuriant, and as fine milk and butter can be
made here as anywhere in the United States; cattle, hogs, sheep and poultry do well.

Sand-stone for building purposes is abundant, and we have one of
the finest timber regions in the South, both for quality and variety.
No portion of the State, or of the South, offers better inducements for
permanent location, or is better adapted to orange growing, as is de-
monstrated by the fact that the largest natural groves in this State are

in this County, as are also some of the finest cultivated groves, one of
which, just coming into bearing, having recently sold for one thousand
dollars per acre.
Vegetable growing is also becoming one of our most extensive and
profitable industries, and considerable attention is being given to the
culture of grapes, figs, Leconte pears, and Chinese and other peaches,
for which our soil seems peculiarly adapted.
While we thus set forth our own claims and advantages, we would
say no word in disparagement of those of our sister counties, but are
proud to be" among the richly favored portions that go to make up a
State that is looming into remarkable prominence, and in the contem-
plation of the possibilities of whose future the imagination wearies in
its flight.



DAVID H. ANDERSON, Pres'l. MILTON R. SMITH, Sec'y and Treas.

GREENE & DONEY, Real Estate Brokers, Room 6, 159 Broadway, N. Y.

E. E. HIGLEY, President of Silver, Springs, Higley'& Southern Rail-
way, Higley, Florida.
JUDGE J. C. VERTREES, Palatka, Florida.
HIGLEY & SMITH, Chicago, Illinois.
GEO. A. SCOTT, 75 & 77 West Sixth Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
P. H. JACOBS, Editor Poultry Keeper, Parkesburgh, Pa.
PROF. LEwIS FUNK, Editor Bay View Herald, Milwaukee, Wis.








Think of It!

Will you let this
chance go by ?
We think not.

Every man, woman and
child can own a splendid
large lot in Grant Park,

For only $5.00

A safe speculation. No chance to lose, but sure opportunity to make big money
on a small investment.
The small sum of FIVE DOLLARS buys one of the best lots in Grant Park,
Florida, 4ox 1oo feet. A bona-fide sale and a Warranty Deed given with each lot.
Every man, woman and child is benefited in this sale.
A small investment that will probably return $roo in one year, and more if held
two years. Buy a lot for yourself, your sweetheart, your wife, your- daughters, and
your sons. It will pay them and you. It is better than a Bank or any other invest-
ment. Health, climate and soil unsurpassed.
' Grant Park is right in the heart of the great orange belt. High pine land. Read,
reflect, and buy a lot or two at once.
These lots are positively on sale for a short time only. Don't wait. An oppor-
tunity like this will not occur again. Lots are all situated on the best of orange land.
High and dry. No swamps or malaria. Over one thousand lots already sold.






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