Material Information

Everglades official map and guide : Everglades National Park, Florida
Added title page title:
Exploring the Everglades
United States -- National Park Service
Place of Publication:
Washington D.C.?
National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 map : col. ; 60 x 42 cm. folded to 21 x 10 cm.
Scale ca. 1:318,600.


Subjects / Keywords:
National parks and reserves -- Florida ( lcsh )
Guidebooks -- Everglades National Park (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Maps -- Everglades National Park (Fla.) ( lcsh )
1:318,600 -- Florida -- Everglades National Park -- 1993 ( lcsh )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
single map ( marcgt )


General Note:
Shipping list no.: 93-0097-P.
General Note:
"GPO: 1992-312-248/40197."
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier:
024201440 ( ALEPH )
27799911 ( OCLC )
AJN8187 ( NOTIS )

Full Text

Exloin th Everglade

Make your first stop in the park one of its visitor
centers at park headquarters, Flamingo, Shark
Valley, or Everglades City. The staff can help
you plan the best use of your time and answer
questions about park facilities and activities.
Informative publications about South Florida
national parks are sold at visitor centers. An
entrance fee is charged at the main park en-
trance, Shark Valley on the Tamiami Trail, and

The best way to visit the park is to take time to
walk the boardwalks and trails along the main
park road and to join in ranger-led events.
Naturalists give talks and lead hikes, canoe
trips, tram tours, and campfire programs. Ask at
a visitor center for schedules; events may change
daily. At Everglades City the Gulf Coast Visitor
Center is the park's western saltwater gateway.
Narrated boat tours explore the pristine Ten
Thousand Islands and coastal mangrove. At
Shark Valley the wildlife-viewing tram tour
though sawgrass prairie includes a stop at a
65-foot tower for spectacular views. Bird and al-
ligator viewing rank among the park's best here.

Activities and Facilities

Biking The best biking areas are at Shark Val-
ley, along the main park road, on Snake Bight
trail at Flamingo, at Long Pine Key and along
the Old Ingraham Highway. Rent bicycles at
Shark Valley and Flamingo. Fishing Inland and
coastal park waters are popular fishing grounds.
Check at a visitor center for park fishing regula-
tions and closed areas. Florida saltwater and
freshwater licenses are required. Boating The
park's inland and coastal waterways lead to
remote Everglades spots. Rent boats and slips
at Flamingo. Buy navigational charts at Fla-
mingo marina, the main visitor center, and
Everglades City. Canoeing Twisting 99 miles
through the park, the Wilderness Waterway
offers backcountry camping options for both
motorboats and canoes. Shorter marked canoe
trails are available near Flamingo: Nine Mile
Pond 5.2-mile loop, Noble Hammock 2-mile
loop, Hells Bay 5.5 miles one way, West Lake
7.7 miles one way, Mud Lake 4.8-mile loop, and
Bear Lake 2 miles one way. Florida Bay is
popular for canoeing. Rent canoes at Flamingo

and Everglades City. Backcountry camping per-
mits are required for all overnight trips. Permits
are required for all backcountry sites and are
issued no more than 24 hours in advance. Be
well prepared for mosquitos-repellent, long-
sleeved shirt, long pants, head cover-on all
trails and especially in summer months.

Camping Long Pine Key, Flamingo, and Chekika
campgrounds offer drinking water, picnic tables,
grills, restrooms, and tent and trailer sites.
Coldwater showers only are available at Fla-
mingo. Fees are charged in winter. Recreational
vehicles are permitted, but there are no elec-
trical, water, or sewage hookups.

Lodging The only lodging in the park is at
Flamingo; some facilities may be closed in
summer. For information, see below.

For More Information

About the park write or call: Everglades Na-
tional Park, P.O. Box 279, Homestead, FL
33030; 305-242-7700. For a publications cata-
log, write or call the nonprofit Florida National
Parks and Monuments Association at the park
address or call 305-247-1216. For information
about Flamingo Lodge motel and cabins, ma-
rina and store, boat tours, and rentals, write or
call: Flamingo Lodge, Marina and Outpost Re-
sort, Flamingo, FL 33030; 305-253-2241 or
813-695-3101. For tram tour information and
reservations at Shark Valley, call Shark Valley
Tram Tours at 305-221-8455. For boat tour and
rental information at Everglades City/Gulf Coast,
write or call: Everglades National Park Boat
Tours, P.O. Box 119, Everglades City, FL 33929;
1-800-445-7724 in Florida, or 813- 695-2591.

Regulations and Safety

Please help us protect the Everglades by prac-
ticing good outdoor manners. Put litter in trash
receptacles; backcountry users must carry out
all their litter. Observe safety and courtesy
rules and enjoy your visit in a way that lets
others enjoy theirs. Report fires, accidents,
violations, or unusual incidents to a park ranger.
Plants and Animals After years of protection
many animals, such as alligators, lose their
natural fear of people. You can view them up
close, but this does not mean they are tame.
They are wild. Do not disturb or feed wildlife.
Even friendly looking animals such as raccoons
can be dangerous. For your safety, watch for
poisonous snakes: diamondback and pygmy
rattlesnakes, water moccasins, and coral snakes.
Remember: do not damage, remove, or disturb
any plants. Plants and animals are protected by
law. Watch for poisonous plants: poison ivy,
poisonwood, and manchineel. Hiking Off Trails
Off-trail hiking or wading is permitted park-
wide. Be careful of your footing; mucky soil,
sharp-edged pinnacle rock, and holes can make

walking tricky. Show someone your schedule
and planned route before you leave.

Driving Maximum driving speed is 55 miles per
hour; reduced speeds are posted. Pull com-
pletely off roadways onto the wide shoulder to
view wildlife. Drive slowly and alertly to avoid
hitting animals crossing roads. Fire, Pets, and
Hunting Be careful with fires and do not smoke
on trails. Use self-contained cooking stoves at
backcountry campsites. Pets must be physi-
cally restrained and are not allowed on trails or
in amphitheaters. Hunting or the use of any
firearms is prohibited. Airboats, Swamp Bug-
gies, and All-Terrain Vehicles Use of these spe-
cial vehicles is prohibited in most areas of the
park. Check with a ranger.
*GPO 1992-312-248/40197

a Information on accessibility is available at visitor centers.

HP Williams
Roadside Park

E- ERCGI'.E, .C ITrr" U )Monument Lake
rA Oasis
.Krby Sta ter Visitor Center
"' '6, '" Roadsioe Park i. -E-a

A Tiger Key .. A

l0-A Kek I o-
,fiidtan "' rOb,,irA nuavBaV

\, River
r,, r E.. r..

\ Rabbit Key A
,-. '*1 ASw eterWamB. Loop Road
,.Bay, Chck Enwronmeonij
Ed.c lion
The DO-r isLanfd t
SWalson I
\ PlaceA
,....Darins Place A Oposum Key
C :.i L _
1 Mormon Kp A

A New Turey Key and Plate Creek Bay
Turkey Key Chickee
B ~ A \A Losimans Five Bay

KE Ph_, I I

Message to Boaters
For sale boating. National
Ocean Survey charts are
indispensable. Charts 11430.
11432. 11433 are for sale at
the Main Visitor Center.
Flamingo, and in the
Everglades City area. All
keys and beaches in and
along Florida Bay are closed

Ir B'. -

to landings unless otherwise
designated. All commercial
fishing is prohibited in the
park. Recreational fishing
requires a license in both
freshwater and sallwaier.
Where backcountry camping
is allowed. a camping permit
is required.

I South Florida.NationalParks

Fort Jeners

i National
Everglades Park
Park '

I Wilderness Waterway

A well-marked inland water
route runs from Flamingo to
Everglades City. Sequentially
numbered markers guide
you over its 99 miles (160
kilometers). Boats more than
18 feet (6 meters) or with
high cabins and windshields
should not attempt the route
because of narrow channels

and overhanging foliage in
some areas. The route
requires a minimum of six
hours with outboard motor
or seven days by canoe.
One-day round trips are not
recommended. Campsites
are available along the route.
Backcountry camping per-
mits are required.

IMainVisitorCentrtoAres inthePark

Royal Palm Visitor Center
Long Pine Key
Pa-Hay-Okee Overlook
Mahogany Hammock
Paurotis Pond
Nine Mile Pond
West Lake
Flamingo Visitor Center
Key Largo Ranger Station
Shark Valley
Gull Coast Visitor Center

38mil61 km

Awilly willy

S South
Losmans gers Rive


H.ghlana I A
A Becn Camp Lonesome A
Broad River

River Chickee

Graveyard A
Creek ar
Sh.k River Chicken

Srark R,. r nn a..3

SNolnwes Cape
/ .


\ East Cape.
,C .-i'


i hnr am.r rai

', 111Htklmamil
Ranger Si on -,Shark Valley
Inlormation Centei


Observallon Tower

Not all lands inside Ihe auinorized
boundary lor lhe nonheastern corner
ol Ihe park have been acquired by
Ine Federal Government

I- .

Chekika .

I I I r, _, I

'-iilTH -',- i-- E l I-' "L r i.ii. r i ;

Buill-up Areas and


I ~


S Walson Rive, A
Chlckee North Rier
A Oyster Chickee


South Joe
. Rivei Chickee A I

,f He Mud Laike C

"rrl 1." CB. J- -

...a. P a...e .. Eco Pond
.-A '--'
Clubhouse ',ey '"

CM.,.rr. Key,
i-. .ir, Key


K -Ba

\ *0 A Carl Rosy Key
., 'f 0


Johnson Ki

Man of War Key,


Miami International Airport
Key West

Water Depins
I 0-3 leel
MI |0-1 meters

3-6 feei
11-2 merlersi

r More than 6 leel
I more than 2 melersi

I flm/18km

S~ .. Hking i rail

____I Canal

Wilderness water-
w aI a nd c a n ,:,e
F--I trall

i Buo

SCanal gale

Gr- Cciodiie s3rciluar,
iresliin,:ior~ut iroipt

M Picnic area

SIntlerpretive trail
D Campgrunq

A PrinmliLe camrrpsi6

V Pr. ale Cjmpqround


Lodging and meals


3 ii


Miami Internationa 112

8 36




Agricultural Land

Blac f,

C l

A /Homestead .
g Air Force Base
^ ^ s / '' ^*- -... ^ ^ ~

HO.E STEA -D C1o-1'--onvey Point
S Main | I__ Visitor Center

Pay-Hay-Okee Overlook Rock, Reef Pas. s a Visitor FLORIDA CITY sTurk C..
'/ Long Pine Key Center n I E e,
c -"Pine Glades Lake'.. I \
SLong IFin Headquarter n /
SKey Tral/ / |
research Cene ...
Sisal Pond C rL Park Lbance Slation
on Daniel Beard Center Hidden Lake r. ..' n /
.Environmenlal Royal Palm
Ficus Pond Educal.orCentera
Gumbo imbo Trail
Anhingj Trail \/ "

lArferfish Key
Sweet Bay Pond A -
Mahoginy Hammock Ola Ingrapam A ErnesI Coe ..i ,,,i
A Roberts live.
Chickee '

A ChtKee Paurolis Pond / '

Chase A Chc, ...r.
Laid Can A- *


CL ''. ..... ," ,r .......L.. CORAL REEF
oot Bay Snake B.te ira..
S n Mraiek Pond .
,- Powdy Bena Tra9 1 *, STATE P K. .-
E / 5- ,.Raniesna..e K,

7 5"F'A North Nest Key
Chr.slan Pr, I Tail /'1 -
-- Fla n'ingo ,, r, -: r..1" .. .., "./.i /, -
Visitor Center H.., F, r I-. ,, .. i ,R-aa lK /

_..K r ,, ,

e, s.l .. ei -K.... ey Largo Ranger Station


:.rr Tii1.0.

a i. ALitte Raio, Key :: opr ,r 16 v.;e .r

SrKeh., l -Paniaroi Key
Y.. rT S:.C, i / 'r.i Ip^rllI ala Iay
.. ...... -. F

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LadiIUnis5 In OnarK niver loougn

Saving the Glades
A wood stork silently wades shallow waters like a drum major in slow
motion. Bill submerged, its great, dark head sweeps back and forth
across shallow, murky waters like a robot on an assembly line. Mixed
metaphors of wild nature and human technology befit this endangered
wading bird. Its dramatic decline in numbers symbolizes the magnitude
of environmental threats stalking today's Everglades. "River of Grass"
was the description affixed to this gently sloping, mostly level landscape
in the 1940s by pioneering conservationist Marjory Stoneman Douglas.
Within the park this river still flows slowly toward sea and gulf.

Its grandeur is now severely threatened, however, and the death of the
Everglades could occur. The rock beneath this first national park created
to protect a threatened ecological system is just 6,000 to 8,000 years
old and in its infancy. South Florida surfaced only since the Ice Age.
Nowhere do Everglades landscapes top 8 feet above sea level. And like
some low island, this subtropical region enjoys no source of water but
the rains that fall on it. Everglades alone among our hemisphere's na-
tional parks has been named an International Biosphere Reserve, World
Heritage Site, and wetland of international importance. But how much
longer will "River of Grass" remain an apt description? The same rains
that fall on south Florida today once ran off the backs of our wood stork's
forebears, but the similarity ends there. Now, extensive canal and levee

systems shunt off the life-giving bounty of the rain before it can reach
the national park, which comprises only one-fifth of the historic Ever-
glades. At times the water control structures at the park boundary are
closed and no water nourishes the wood stork's habitat. Or, alternately,
water control structures are opened, and unnaturally pent-up, human-
managed floodwaters inundate Everglades creatures' nests or eggs and
disperse seasonal concentrations of the wading birds' prey. Added to
these problems is the presence of pollutants from agriculture and other
human activities. Nutrient-enriched waters from agricultural runoff affect
vegetation patterns. High levels of mercury are identified in all levels of
the food chain, from the fish in the marsh through raccoons and alligators.
The problem extends to the Florida panther, a species so endangered
that its numbers may be less than 30 in the entire state. Fewer than ten
persist in the park. A panther with mercury levels that would be toxic to
humans was found dead in Everglades National Park.

We Need Water!
National parks are not
islands of land: outside
events shape their fates.
Water management is the
critical issue for the Ever-
glades, whose watershed
begins in central Florida's
Kissimmee River basin.
Summer storms flooding
there once started a shal-
low, wide river flowing
southward to the Gulf of
Mexico. Elaborate water
controls now disrupt the
natural flow. Short of
clean water at critical sea-
sons, and in the correct
quantities, the Ever-
glades will die.

Solutions are underway, but the fate of the Everglades still hangs in the
balance. In one of the world's largest ecosystem restoration projects,
Congress has extended the park boundary to protect the eastern Shark
River Slough. Historically it hosted higher concentrations of wading bird
nesting populations than any other park location. The enlargement should
help turn around the 93 percent decline these species have suffered by
restoring critical, suitable habitat. The National Park Service and the State
of Florida have agreed to be partners in enforcing existing water quality
regulations to address water quality problems. The Park Service is work-
ing with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and other water management
jurisdictions to adopt natural rainfall models of manipulating water sup-
plies. Created in 1947, the park was established to save the 'Glades, but
real problems continue to beset this landscape. Although much is being
done, continuing pressures associated with urbanization, industry, and
agriculture require a constant search for additional solutions. A burgeon-
ing human population thirsts for the same water that wood storks need to
survive. Nothing is yet saved for good; the Everglades' fate remains our


Wet and Dry Seasons
Many Everglades animals
are specifically adapted
to the alternating wet and
dry seasons. When hu-
man manipulations of the
water supply are ill-timed
with natural patterns, dis-
asters can result. Alliga-
tors build their nests at
the high-water level when

water levels are high. If
more water is later re-
leased into the park, their
nests are flooded and
eggs destroyed. Endan-
gered snail kite birds feed
on the aquatic apple snail
almost exclusively. Low-
water conditions, human-
caused or natural, reduce
both snail and snail kite

populations. In the early
1960s snail kites in North
America dipped to 20 to
25 birds because of pro-
longed drought. Snail
eggs are laid above wa-
ter in the wet season. If
water managers then re-
lease more, snails fail to


Given present trends,
wood storks may no
longer nest in South Flor-
ida by the year 2000.
Their feeding behavior
explains their predica-
ment. Wood storks feed
not by sight but by touch
shallow and often muddy
water full of plants. Fish
can't be seen in those
conditions. Walking
slowly forward the stork
sweeps its submerged bill
from side to side. Touch-
ing prey, mostly small
fish, the bill snaps shut
with a 25-millisecond re-
flex action, the fastest
known for vertebrates.

Only seasonally drying
wetlands concentrate-
mostly in drying ponds-
enough fish to provide
the 440 pounds a pair of
these big birds requires
in a breeding season.
When natural wetlands
cycles are upset by hu-
man water management,
wood storks fail to nest
successfully. The wood
stork-which stands over
3 feet tall, has a 5-foot
wing spread, and weighs
4 to 7 pounds-was
placed on the federal En-
dangered Species list in


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