Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Index to advertisers
 Back Cover

Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: Florida/Caribbean architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004635/00034
 Material Information
Title: Florida/Caribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: Spring 2008
Copyright Date: 2008
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00034
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Index to advertisers
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Back Cover
        Page 57
        Page 58
Full Text

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florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects

15 25 36

contents, spring 2008

In This Issue:

Features in Brief 22
Wannemacher Jensen Architects, Inc. 28
Halfants + Pichette Studio for Modern Architecture 30
Paseo Corridor Constructors/DodStone Group 34
Gallo Architects & Development Consultants, Inc. 36
Stephen Boruff, AIA Architects + Planners, Inc. 38
Viewpoint / Tom Lewis, FAIA, JD 40

On the cover: Schrock-Solstice House designed by Halfants + Pichette Studio for Modern Architecture. Photo by Michael Halfants.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 5
spring 2008



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Editorial / diane d. greer

Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32301

2008 AIA Florida Officers
Donald T. Yoshino, FAIA
President Elect
Gerald S. Jernigan, AIA, LEED AP
Secretary/Treasurer/Professional Development
Peter W. Jones, AIA
Vice President/Membership
Jaime Canaves, FAIA
Vice President/Legislative & Regulatory Affairs
Charles W. Clary, III, FAIA
Vice President/Communications
Michael Lingerfelt, AIA
Vice President/Commission on the Environment
Lawrence Maxwell, AIA, LEED AP
Regional Director
Mickey P. Jacob, AIA
Regional Director
Enrique A. Woodroffe, FAIA
Immediate Past President
Mark H. Smith, AIA, LEED AP
Executive Vice President
Vicki Long, CAE

2008 AIA Puerto Rico Officers:
Jorge Ivan Martinez-Jorge, AIA
President Elect
Diana Luna Serbia, AIA
Julie Vazquez Otero, Assoc. AIA
Carmen Maria Lopez, AIA
Director 3 Years
Raul M. Perez Veve, AIA
Director 2 Years
Miguel Del Rio, AIA
Past President
Alberto Lastra Power, AIA

2008 AIA Virgin Islands Officers
Kevin P. Quails, AIA
Michael DeHaas, AIA
Jeffrey T. Boschulte, AIA

A recent press release from DAG Architects in Destin announced the winners
of its employee awards program. "The purpose of the awards program is to recog-
nize special contributions made throughout the year by employees, which further
the firm's goals..." Much like AIA Florida's awards program, one of the firm's areas
of recognition was Outstanding Achievement in Community Service. The worthy
recipient was one of my former architecture students, Robert Charles, who works
in DAG's Tallahassee office. He is currently an Associate AIA. I don't know what
Robert's contribution was, but I'm proud of the fact that it was significant enough to
warrant recognition. Below the description of the award in the press release was a won-
derful Mark Twain quote: "Always do right this will gratify and astonish the rest."
Along with designing great buildings, the two things that architects are most
recognized for are service to the profession and service to the community. I think
that nearly as many awards are given for service as for good design. I don't know
how many other professions are as concerned with doing good works as architec-
ture, but we might assume at the very least that the American Medical Association
(AMA) and the American Bar Association (ABA) encourage their members to con-
tribute to the public good.
Unique to the architecture profession is its ability to improve the quality of life
on a grand scale. Other professions can claim the same ability and probably do, but
it occurs to me that architects have a rare opportunity these days to do things that
will ultimately impact areas of critical national concern. I refer, of course, to glob-
al warming, natural disasters, affordable housing those things that everyone
should be concerned about but may not be able to solve.
Maybe the old cliche that says, "If you're not part of the solution, you're part of
the problem," really applies here. The care and concern of architects can help slow
the effects of global warming, can speed repair of the infrastructure following natural
disasters and help people prepare for them in advance. Architects can, and should, be
designing affordable, energy-efficient, environmentally responsible housing.
The issues facing people today are overwhelming. I am, frankly, overwhelmed
on many fronts. I think a lot about global warming, the mortgage crisis and unem-
ployment, but pro-actively, I am little more than the voice of concern. I write (and
talk) about it because I don't have the skill and training to repair the infrastructure
and design green buildings.
As I was finishing this editorial, I received a press release from AIA National
with excerpts from a letter that the organization sent to Congress. A quote from
Andrew Goldberg, AIA Senior Director, Federal Affairs, reads: "Because the design
and construction industry accounts for nearly one in ten dollars of United States
GDP and creates millions of jobs while supporting millions of small businesses, the
AIA believes that Congress and the President should help this vital sector put peo-
ple back to work and provide solutions for lower energy costs." In particular, the
AIA supports provisions to extend and deepen tax incentives for green commercial
and residential buildings; provide for accelerated depreciation of energy-efficient
business equipment; give homeowners a "Green Tax Credit;" extend the 15-year
recovery for retail improvement, restaurant and leasehold property and fund the
construction and modernization of green schools.
I hope that 2008 will be a better year for the economy and for the issues
that directly relate to the practice of architecture. Much has yet to be decided on
the political front. But, in the meantime, we all need to think about what can be
done to improve the world, the environment and the quality of life for everyone.
My compliments to DAG Architects, Robert Charles and each of you whose desire
it is to "always do right" to "gratify and astonish the rest."

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

President's Message / Donald T. Yoshino, FAIA

Denise Dawson, Dawson Publications, Inc.
2236 Greenspring Drive
Timonium, Maryland 21093
410.560.5600 800.322.3448
Fax: 410.560.5601
Diane D. Greer
Sales Manager
Dave Patrick
Sales Representatives
Susan Foster, Thomas Happel, Rondi Coares
Graphic Design
James Colgan
Florida Caribbean Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute of
Architects, is owned by the Association, a Florida cor-
poration, not for profit. ISSN-001 5-3907. It is pub-
lished four times a year and distributed through the
office of the Association, 104 E. Jefferson Street,
Tallahassee, Florida 32301. Telephone 850.222.7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessar-
ily those of AIA Florida. Editorial material may be
reprinted only with the express permission ofFlorida/
Caribbean Architect. Single copies, $6; Annual sub-
scription, $21.50, plus applicable sales tax.
The opinions expressed herein or the representations
made by advertisers, including copyrights and war-
ranties, are not those of Board of Directors, officers or
staff of AIA Florida Chapter, the Editor of
Florida/Caribbean Architect, or Dawson
Publications, Inc., unless expressly stated otherwise.

Florida/Caribbean Architect is produced on paper that
has recycled content, and printed with green inks that
do not contain solvents and are VOC free. Alcohol
substitutes, water-miscible press washes, acid-free
paper and VOC free cleaners are used. Our printer has
eliminated the use of film and film processing and uses
waste recovery programs and EPA-licensed handlers.

I am extremely pleased to report that the AIA
Florida Board of Directors unanimously adopted the
strategic plan that was presented in January. An easy-
to-reference "placemat" has been sent to all the board
members. This endorsement of the 5-year strategic
plan will accelerate the schedule for getting work
action plans implemented and I have asked the
Commission Chairs to bring the plans that will be
proposed for the coming year to our next meeting.
Part of the new strategic plan is to become "ONE
AIA" from the national to the local level. A way to
start this plan is to have all components represented
on every commission. I have, therefore, requested
that the Commission Chairs contact you about join-
ing a commission as a member-at-large. If you are
interested in a specific commission, please let us know. Information about each com-
mission can be found at www.aiafla.org, under About the AIA.
AIA Florida is gaining notoriety at AIA National. We have two former AIA
Florida Presidents running for AIA National office. Miguel Rodriguez, AIA, cur-
rently AIA National Vice President, is running for AIA National President-elect and
Enrique (Henry) Woodroffe, FAIA, currently AIA Florida/Caribbean Regional
Director, is running for Secretary. Good luck to them both. I hope you all join us at
the National convention in Boston to vote them into office. Also, AIA Florida has
received another National Component Excellence Award and this year Charles W
Clary, III, FAIA, received the Government Affairs Outstanding Individual
Contribution Award. Mickey Jacob, AIA, is chairing a National committee and our
Executive Vice President, Vicki Long, is active in CACE at the national level. As you
can see, we continue to have presence among our national peers.

A few points of interest:
Our legislative commission has been active this session with key issues such as a
Sales Tax on Services, Hometown Democracy and sustainability legislation. We are
happy to report that many of the AIA Florida Firms brought along Associate AIA
members to join us for the AIA Florida Legislative Day. It's our way of getting emerg-
ing professionals involved in the legislative process. I also want to thank Mickey
Jacob, AIA, Senator Charles W. Clary, III, FAIA and others for testifying in front of
the Tax and Budget Reform Commission in Tallahassee. If you haven't already, I hope
you will take the time to view these meetings on our web site. We are continuing to
use this medium to let you know what AIA Florida is doing for you.
As part of this year's goal to reach out with community service and humanitarian
efforts, I am delighted to report that the AIA Florida staff and the entire AIA Florida
Executive Committee have signed up to participate in the 1% Program.
(www.theonepercent.org.) Our staff will be promoting these efforts so the public will
recognize AIA architects as leaders in humanitarian efforts. I am encouraging all AIA
Florida firms and members to pledge their support to this program. Let's get recog-
nized as leaders in helping everyone attain a healthy sustainable environment.
Our annual conference programming is well on its way. This year the conference
will be held at the Breakers in Palm Beach. AIA National President, Marshall E.
Purnell, FAIA, will join us and my mentor, Paolo Soleri, will be the keynote speaker.
Save the date. July 30 August 3rd.
Lastly, I want to congratulate three members who have recently been elevated to
Fellow. Robert G. Currie, FAIA, John (Jack) Rogers, FAIA, and Allan T. Shulman,
FAIA, LEED AP You make us proud for all of your accomplishments.

Remember, with the help of all AIA Florida members we can make it happen!!!

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008


The American Institute of
Architects bestowed its "2008
Grassroots Excellence Award for
Government Affairs Outstanding
Individual Contribution" on DAG
Architects' founding principal
Charles W. Clary, III, FAIA. The
award lauds Clary "as a champion of
the profession (who) has spearhead-
ed a string of remarkable advocacy
successes that have been among the
most significant design and con-
struction legislative actions in the
state of Florida, advancing the prac-
tice of architecture for the benefit of
the construction industry and the
public it serves."
Among the many contributions
cited are Clary's 10-year term as a
Florida State Senator and President
Pro-Tempore of the Senate, during
which he sponsored bills to improve
the Architects' Practice Act, improve
Florida's tort system and enhance
the qualifications-based selection/
procurement of architectural and
engineering services. Perhaps the

most far-reaching legislation he
sponsored was a unified Florida
Building Code. Prior to passage of
this bill in 2000, the Florida con-
struction industry suffered from
more than 400 different versions of
the code statewide.

Photos of the Navy Federal Credit Union courtesy of
the architect.

Since ending his senate career in
late 2006, Clary has been elected a
vice president of AIA Florida and
he serves as Chair of the Legislative
and Regulatory Affairs Commission.
He was instrumental in the develop-
ment of the Committee for a
Sustainable Emerald Coast and is
serving on the board of Florida's
Division of Workers' Compensation.
Clary also remains an active partner
in DAG Architects, which today has
44 employees working in Destin,
Tallahassee, Pensacola, and Atlanta.

ASD's Navy Federal Credit
Union Awarded
The Navy Federal Credit Union
project, designed by ASD, recently won
Business Week and Architectural
Record magazines' international "Good
Design is Good Business" Award of
Excellence. ASD was one of the top
four award-winners out of 96 submit-
tals from nine different countries.
The purpose of the award is to cel-
ebrate firms that strive to exemplify
their dedication to sustainability and a
culture of design, as well as firms that
not only attract a qualified workforce,
but offer a healthy and attractive envi-
ronment in which to work.
This ASD project is the first
building in the Heritage Oaks Center
and it is LEED-certified gold.
When the complex is completed, the
total campus will consist of four
buildings and over 650,000 square
feet of office space.

C.T. Hsu Earns'Top
Statewide Award
C.T. Hsu + Associates earned top
honors in two categories at the
statewide Florida Educational Facilities
Planners' Association (FEFPA) 2008

10 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

C. T Hsu + Associates' award-winning designs for
Boone High School, above, and below, Valencia
Community College's Criminal Justice Institute.

Architectural Showcase. The firm took
first place in the high school category
for the Boone High School
Comprehensive Needs project, a $28
million master plan to revitalize an his-
toric Orlando high school, originally
built in 1952. The plan used 25 acres
of land to expand the school's cramped
campus and blend it with a new K-8
elementary school on one site.
The firm also took first place in
the college/university category for its
design of Valencia Community
College's 77,000-square-foot, state-
certified Criminal Justice Institute.
It is the first building completed for
the college's 58-acre Public Safety
campus for which the firm also pro-
vided master planning.
The FEFP entries were judged on a
wide range of criteria including innova-
tion, aesthetics, use of materials, flexi-
bility for community use, technology
provisions and site development.

BCArchitects Designs
Architectural Gown
Fashion and interior design came
together at the International Interior
Design Association's (IIDA) 6th
Annual Miami City Center Event
"Design Mix 08" where BCArchitects
was awarded "Best Use of Challenging
Materials" for its design of an evening
gown made almost entirely of metal

ceiling panels. USG, a manufacturer
of acoustical ceiling tiles and ceiling
suspension systems, sponsored the
gown and provided the materials.
The annual event helps to provide
scholarships for design students
attending Florida International
University, American International
University and Miami Dade College.

BCArchitects join a model wearing the award-win-
ning "ceiling tile"gown that the firm designed.

The gown, weighing almost nine
pounds, was made of 250 pieces of
USG specialty ceiling tiles in silver
and copper that were transformed
into a fluid design by using pattern
changes, strategic shaping, slip-joint
rivet connections and underlying
leather strips. According to
BCArchitects principal Lawrence S.
Cohan, AIA, it took two designers
100 hours to create the gown.


AIA Reports Housing Market
Residential architects have felt the
effect of the housing downturn by
reporting weakening business condi-
tions with actual billings, inquiries
for new projects and work backlogs
all down compared to the last quarter
and the same period of 2006. On an
up note, additions and major struc-
tural renovations and kitchen and
bath remodeling projects continue to
be a source of revenue for residential
architecture firms and the cus-
tom/luxury home market has stabi-
lized in recent months.
According to the American
Institute of Architects' (AIA) most
recent Home Design Trends Survey,
additions/alterations and kitchen
and bath remodeling represent the
largest percentage of the improving
market, the custom/luxury home,
townhouse/condo, second/vacation
home, move-up home and afford-
able home markets have all declined.
The AIA Home Design Trend
Survey is conducted quarterly with a
panel of 500 architecture firms
whose practices are concentrated on
the residential sector.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

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Three of the new designs by Stofft Cooney Architects for Tierra del Sol Resort & Country Club in Aruba.

Stofft Cooney Architects,
Naples, was selected to create a new
architectural theme for Aruba's only
PGA gated community, Tierra del
Sol Resort & Country Club. Stofft
Cooney will modify the architectur-
al theme of the community's existing
elements and structures in addition
to designing new residences and com-
munity buildings. New buildings will
be designed using a theme that the
firm describes as "Contemporary
Mediterranean" -reflecting the natural
influences of the surrounding habitat.
The 600-acre site plan includes
luxury vacation homes, condomini-
ums, a resort, spa, fitness center and
Robert Trent Jones, II, 18-hole PGA
golf course.

C.T. Hsu + Associates, PA.,
Orlando, has completed the renova-
tion and expansion of 40-year-old
Sadler Elementary School in Orange
County, Florida. The $17.9 million
project included adding over 47,000
square feet of new space and reno-
vating 48,730 square feet of existing
space on the 15-acre campus. In
addition to several new buildings,
the master plan included design
solutions for the severely congested
traffic situation at the school's
entrance, as well as bringing the
school up to Orange County's proto-
type school standards.

Slattery & Associates, Architects
and Planners, Boca Raton, has been
retained by The Fountains Country
Club to design the community's $15
million clubhouse renovation and
expansion in Lake Worth. Phase I of
the two-phase project addresses the
South Clubhouse and a 15,000-
square-foot building program in-
cluding a fitness area, lockers, tennis



C T Hsu's design for the renovation and expansion ofSadler Elementary School in Orange County.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

pro shop, snack bar and covered ter-
race. Site improvements include
parking area upgrades and new ten-
nis courts including the addition of
an exhibition court. Phase II includes
renovations and addition to the exist-
ing North Clubhouse totaling more
than 50,000 square feet. The building
program includes a 6,000-square-
foot, 300-seat dining room, a 66-seat
Grille/19th Hole, kitchen facilities,
administrative offices and many other
golf-related amenities.
Slattery & Associates has also
been selected to design a major com-
mercial project on Florida's south-
west coast. The D'Jamoos Group, a
Naples-based development entity,
has retained the firm to design the
Franklin Arms mixed-use project.
The 15-story building contains retail
space, four levels of parking and
90,000 square feet of professional
office space.

service condo/hotel with 184 units
offering four different floor plans.
Plans also call for restaurants, a
waterfront retail center and office

Slattery &Associates' design for the new South
Clubhouse at the Fountains Country Club, left,
and the proposed 15-story Franklin Arms project to
be built in the historic district of downtown Ft.
Myers, above.

suites for a variety of businesses
within its 45,000 square feet of
adaptable space.

. of waterfront elevation ofThe Evans Group' designfor The Resort at Marina Village in Cape Coral.

The Evans Group, Orlando, -
announced that the construction
phase for The Resort at Marina
Village of Tarpon Point in Cape
Coral has begun. This luxury mas-
ter-planned community for Gross
Pointe Development Company, Inc.
is situated at the southwest tip of
the Cape Coral waterfront. The
highlight of the $150 million project
will be the Resort, a luxurious full- Ferrari of Tampa Bay was designed by Oliveri Architectsfor construction in Palm Harbor, Florida.

14 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008


Oliveri Architects, Palm Harbor,
has been commissioned to design
Ferrari of Tampa Bay for construc-
tion in Palm Harbor. The 26,000-
square-foot facility is being created
through the renovation of an existing
18,000-square-foot office building.
The new facility will accommodate
retail space and a showroom for new
and pre-owned Ferraris as well as
administrative offices, merchandise
sales and service area for personal
vehicles and track/race cars.
Construction is scheduled for com-
pletion by the end of Summer 2008.

Wakefield Beasley & Associates
Architects, Inc., Jacksonville, has
designed a 108,000-square-foot
mixed-use retail project that is now
under construction in southwest
Orlando. The 12-acre project called
Lake Cay Commons will feature a
13,000-square-foot grocery store
anchor, space for retail shops and
offices. The facilities are expected to
serve nearby residents as well as
tourists visiting the Orange County
Convention Center.

HuntonBrady Architects, Orlando,
has completed design of the new
Joint Use Technology Resources
Center for Polk Community College
(PCC) and the University of South
Florida (USF) in Lakeland. The
125,000-square-foot center includes
a large state-of-the-art teaching
auditorium, classrooms for the
Registered Nursing program and
new IT programs, labs, offices and
ancillary student support facilities.
A key design element in the new
building is a large interior atrium
that extends two stories to the roof.
This central building "spine" func-
tions like a shopping center with
one-stop Student Services located on
either side of the atrium.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

The Joint Use Technology Resources Center, top, and Atrium below, designed by HuntonBrady Architects will
serve the faculty, students and staffofPCC and USE

Ervin Lovett & Miller (ELM),
Jacksonville, designed the new
Reception Center at Artisan Lakes, a
1,100-acre master-planned communi-
ty in Manatee County. Construction
of the Florida Craftsman-style build-
ing has been completed and it sets the
stage for the community's unique
lifestyle offering. ELM provided the
architecture, landscape architecture
and master planning for the entire
community. The orientation of the
master plan was toward nature,
parks, trails, lakes and open spaces
and it included such details as sig-
nage and streetlights.

The exterior of the recently completed Reception Center at Artisan Lakes designed by Ervin Lovett & Miller.



Rhodes+Brito Architects, Orlando,
has been selected as associate archi-
tect to design major renovations to
Orlando's Citrus Bowl. For design
of the $175 million, multi-phased
project, Rhodes+Brito is partnering
with HNTB Sports, a national
Kansas City-based firm that special-
izes in stadium renovations. During
the three-year project, the design
team will examine upgrading the
lower bowl seating, improvements to
the upper bowl, new suites, 4,000
club seats, general repairs and a new
40,000-square-foot banquet space.

R.J. Heisenbottle Architects,
PA, Coral Gables, has been selected
by Legg Mason Real Estate of
California to design the restoration
and renovations at the Historic
Belleview Biltmore Hotel in
Belleview, Florida. The 110-year-
old hotel, originally built by railroad
magnet Henry Plant, has been faced
with the possibility of demolition for
the past 10 years. The issue became
so critical that the building was put
on the National Trust for Historic
Preservation's 2005 list of most
endangered historic places.
The scope of the work to be done
includes a fully restored 256-room
main hotel structure with five ball-
rooms, meeting rooms, restaurants
and retail shops; a new 174-room
hotel annex; three restored cottages;
a new spa facility with underground
parking and a new landscaped grand
entrance to the main hotel. The
restoration will be finished in 2009.

DB Lewis Architecture+Design,
Miami, has designed the Sanchez
Residence in Miami Beach utilizing
the views, geometry and waterfront
setting to create a contemporary
home of approximately 7,000 square
feet. The plan includes a master
suite, theatre room, chef's kitchen

The overall geometry of the Sanchez Residence, designed by DB Lewis, is inspired by the nautilus shell and the
plan of the house shows an orthogonal interpretation of this influence.

and a roof terrace with a 360-degree
view of Indian Creek and the beach-
es. Grand spaces with double-height
volumes allow the qualities of water-
front living to infiltrate the house,
spreading light throughout the inte-
rior. Using a dramatic glass walkway
over a water feature creates an
unusual entrance.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

AIA Florida's 1%
Michele Straw

"One is not born into the world to do
everything but to do something..."
Henry David Thoreau, poet, writer, philosopher

A nonprofit organization, Public
Architecture launched the 1%
Program (formerly the 1% Solution)
in 2005. Broadly, the 1% Program
encourages architecture and design
firms nationwide to pledge a mini-
mum of one percent of their billable
hours to pro bono service to non-
profit organizations.
One percent of an eight-hour
workday is 4.8 minutes, which, over
the course of a year, equals 20 hours.
The overall effect that this program
can have is tremendous. Imagine if
every architecture professional in the
U.S. committed one percent of his or
her time to pro bono service, it would
add up to 5,000,000 hours annually-
the equivalent of a 2,500-person firm
working full time for the public good.
This year, the entire AIA Florida
Executive Committee has pledged to
support the 1% Program by donat-
ing 20 hours each ofpro-bono archi-
tecture work. The full support of the
Committee will insure a total of 200
donated hours!
"There are many things we can
do as architects to help our environ-
ment, communities, and organiza-
tions. Architecture is for everyone to
enjoy," stated AIA Florida President
Donald Yoshino, FAIA. "Our sup-
port of the 1% Program is just that -
a way to bring architecture to more
people and to do our part. I am glad
that my fellow Committee members
have joined me in this cause and I
encourage more architects to do the
same. I ask all of AIA Florida and
Caribbean members to join us."

Pledging your firm's 1% takes
three simple steps:
1. Visit www.aiafla.org and click on
the 1% to learn more about
the Program
2. Click on the Join the 1% button
to make your pledge
3. Post pro bono projects to the
project gallery

In the first two-and-a-half years of
the program, more than 100,000
hours were pledged (representing an
estimated $10 million in services). As
of January 2008, 284 firms in more
than 35 states have pledged more
than 88,000 hours for 2008. Thirteen
firms from Panama City Beach to
Miami have registered in Florida.
A July 2007 survey of the first
150 firms to pledge their time
through the 1% Program cited seven
services as the most routinely offered
to nonprofits on a pro bono basis:
* facilities needs assessment
* capital campaign materials
* building and space identification
* interior design and brand
* accessibility and code compliance
* healthy and sustainable
* facilities renovation.

Although some firms, initially
expressed a concern about the liabil-
ity associated with pro bono services,
virtually every firm reported exceed-
ing the goal of 1%, and more than
two-thirds devoted two percent or
more of its time to pro bono service

over the past year.
Non-profit organizations across
the country experience a lack of
facilities and work environments
that meet their mission and allow
staff and volunteers to help mem-
bers. Many of the challenges organi-
zations face are:
* Cost constraints required moving
into a lackluster office space that
is uncomfortable and uninspiring
for staff and visitors.
* Potential funders are hesitant to
support capital campaigns
without a clear understanding
and vision of facility needs.
* Office space has been outgrown or
more space will be needed soon.
* Office space doesn't comply with
accessibility and health standards.

AIA Florida/Caribbean Regional
Director, Mickey Jacob, AIA stated
that, "The 1% Program provides
architects with a means to commit
their resources to helping their com-
munity through pro-bono work for
charitable and community based
organizations that normally cannot
afford the types of services we pro-
vide. This work enhances our com-
munity image and positions archi-
tects as leaders who make a difference
where they live. It is a terrific vehicle
to participate in which broadens
the public image of architects as vital
components in the creation of livable,
sustainable and safe communities."
Projects have been completed
across the country for non-profits
that range from affordable housing
initiatives to renovations of head-
quarters. The Jova/Daniels/Busby
Firm was contacted to help Hands
On Atlanta, a nonprofit organiza-
tion that matches individuals with
volunteer opportunities. Its existing

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

facilities were bulging and slated for
renovation by its landlord. With
only four months to find a new
office and move in, the solution was
to lease/purchase an old, character-
rich fish distribution facility in
Atlanta, Georgia. The office interiors
needed to show off a youthful iden-
tity and also be inviting and inex-
pensive. The architects call their
design "chic-on-the-cheap." They
stated that, "Our low-impact com-
prehensive plan takes advantage of
the idiosyncrasies and unusual char-
acter of the building to underscore
the enthusiasm and fundamentally
grassroots nature of the organization.
A move from enclosed offices to a
denser open plan provides a shift in
energy use and space allocations per
work setting. Daylight and high-effi-
ciency indirect fixtures minimize
energy cost and allow users to adjust

the lighting as needed. Barn-style
doors minimize the space required
for quiet areas. Gently used carpet
and furniture, donated by IBM and
Accenture, were cleaned, recycled,
and reinstalled in the new space
using volunteer labor."
In Nantucket, Massachusetts, the
Nantucket Housing Office (NHO)
is a private, not-for-profit corpora-
tion whose mission is to create com-
munity housing opportunities for
Nantucket. They are in the process
of constructing a building for a
Housing Resource Center plus two
apartments. Combined, the project.
will create a visible, community
space for affordable housing as well
as two rental units for Nantucket
families. NHO states that, "This
project is significant for the NHO,
as well as the community, as the
project will eliminate rent from the

The Sky's The Limit.

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Housing Office's operating budget
and add rental income to our bal-
ance sheet."
Plans are for a two-story building
with the Housing Resource Center
on the first floor and will possibly
include an entry porch, a reception
area, four offices, one of which will
be a community resource office, and
an education/ conference room. The
two rental units will be on the sec-
ond floor.
It is projects like these that you
can get involved with. Great archi-
tecture should be available to every-
one, and architects are the leaders
that can bring their art to people
everywhere. Our communities need
leaders, like architects, to pave the
way for well-designed buildings and
good environments in which people
can work, live, and play. The 1%
Program aims to do just that, bring
good architecture to more people by
providing the link between architects
and non-profit organizations.
Your support of the program can
help bring quality design and archi-
tecture to more people across the
Florida/Caribbean region and U.S.
Join us today by making your com-
mitment of 20 hours. Simply go to
www.aiafla.org and click on the 1%
Program logo.
The AIA Florida Communications
Commission has set a goal to reach
40,000 hours pledged within the
state this year. That is equivalent to
2,000 architects donating just 1% of
their time. Sign up today, and mon-
itor the progress of our goal on the
AIA Florida website.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

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Features in Brief

Rink Design Partnership,
Inc., Jacksonville, is designer of the
new University of North Florida
(UNF) Student Union, currently
under construction. The project was
awarded a 2007 Award of Merit in
the unbuilt category by the
American Institute of Architects,
Jacksonville Chapter.
Situated in a wildlife preserve,

the University offered limited space
on which to build. In order to meet
the demands of the school, the
building footprint was minimized by
stacking the program elements.
The design allows for future
growth, additional outdoor green
space and an amphitheatre. The
overall plan for the new student union
includes an entry with information

desk, assembly space with meeting
rooms and pre-function areas, lounges
with a variety of student services
including computer space, a
Boathouse Restaurant, additional
food services, an entertainment area
with space for five stages, game room
and theatre. There are also student
service suites and spaces where organ-
izations and clubs can meet.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

CUBA White Paper

AIA Florida Board Seminar White Paper
October 6, 2007
Hyatt Coral Gables, Miami, Florida

"AIA Florida Addresses the Issues, Impacts, Opportunities and Challenges for Florida of a Post-Castro Cuba"

The 2007 AIA Florida Board October Seminar focused on the latest information on the situation in Cuba, projections for its
immediate future and the potential repercussions on Florida architects and AIA Florida. The discussion included
identification of key business and professional issues relative to Cuba and Florida architects and the U.S., and on how AIA
Florida members can maximize future opportunities once it is legal to do business in Cuba. Discussion included the need for
a strategic plan in relation to these opportunities, finding the right persons) as resources and assigning responsibilities. It was
not the scope of the seminar to adopt or promote specific policy positions on or solutions to the situation of Cuba today, but
rather to provide accurate information to AIA Florida members to help in developing an effective Cuba-Florida strategy and
plan, assist them in approaching the political and economic realities of Cuban issues in a knowledgeable way, and help the
organization prepare for future opportunities and challenges in a Post-Castro Cuba.

The Agenda & Design of the Seminar
In order to provide the most recent and reliable
information on Cuba, Cuban-American experts from
organizations and architectural firms were asked to
present their research and views related to Cuba today,
economic challenges and opportunities of a Post-Castro
Cuba, key characteristics and viewpoints of Cuban
Americans regarding Cuba, strategic needs and
recommendations for architects and members of AIA

Presenters were given a 30-minute window to present the
best of their information. All participants were provided
with electronic versions of presenter information, which
can also be found at www.aiafla.org in the Members Only
Section. The seminar also included time for open
discussion and question-and-answer periods.

Executive Summary
Key Findings
Participants emphasized the need to provide
information and resources to members and to develop
strategic plans for a Post-Castro Cuba. The group
believes that AIA Florida's role could be as an educator
providing advice to members on where to find resources
and information. After a lively discussion on the issues,
the participants in the seminar developed key findings for
AIA Florida and its members.
1. There will be significant professional opportunities for
the U.S., especially for Florida architects in a Post-
Castro Cuba. These will have great impact on Florida,
but the organization must wait for changes in U.S. law
to make it legal to do business in Cuba.
2. Given the possible window of opportunity that may
arise Post-Fidel Castro regime, there is an urgency to
examine the situation and to prepare a strategic plan
now that responds to different transition scenarios.
3. Each scenario has different rewards, consequences and
risks, and each needs to be examined. Members need to

be aware of these scenarios and to plan for each one
with respect to opportunities and challenges for AIA
Florida and architects.
4. AIA Florida and its members should be prepared to
become engaged by sharing in a mentoring and
leadership role for the architectural association and the
profession once it becomes legal to do business in
5. AIA Florida and its members should be well informed
about Cuba and its architectural needs; motivate its
membership about the challenges and opportunities
that may arise in a Post-Castro Cuba.
6. AIA Florida should consider becoming an ongoing
conduit for information about Cuba and other
international architectural opportunities, including
posting information on its website, through emails, and
other seminars.
7. As long as there is any Castro in power in Cuba, AIA
Florida must be aware that, there are serious political
ramifications and sensitivities to be considered before
doing business in Cuba that are unique to Florida.
8. AIA Florida can seize the opportunity to network,
collaborate, and exchange with professionals and
associations in Cuba to the extent U.S. law allows. AIA
Florida could serve as an independent body to help
validate the credentials of professionals in Cuba and
provide education and training.

Overview of the Current Situation in Cuba and
The seminar began with an interactive look at the present
landscape of Cuba and its relationship to Cuban
Americans in Florida. The speakers also presented their
perspective of the future of Cuba for the next three years.

Aida Levitan, Ph.D., provided an overview of the recent
history of Cuba, economic facts, and the opinions of
Cubans within the island and in Florida about the present
and the future, and the possible effects of political and/or

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 1

economic changes in Cuba on the Florida economy. Jorge
Pifion, director of the Cuban Business Roundtable,
Institute of Cuban and Cuban-American Studies of the
University of Miami, presented an analysis of the current
political and economic conditions, a short-term economic
outlook, and challenges.

Levitan pointed out that Cuba and Florida are similar in
many ways including: population sizes, proximity to each
other (Key West is 90 miles from Cuba) and, for nearly
50 years, both were integrally linked. Before 1959, 40%
of all cargo being routed through Miami's customs district
was transported to Cuba, and 85% of Cuba's exports were
transported to the U.S..

Cuba and Florida are also very different. Cuba has been
under a dictatorial regime for the last 48 years. The U.S.
embargo has been in effect since 1961 so the relationship
between Florida and Cuba has changed considerably.
Over nearly five decades, hundreds of thousands of
Cubans have migrated to Florida, which has had a
tremendous impact on the economic growth of the state
and presents special challenges and opportunities.

Florida's proximity to Cuba, its large Cuban-American
population, and its relationship with Cuba, makes it most
likely to be significantly involved in meeting new
challenges and opportunities associated with doing
business in Cuba.

Possible Reactions to Fidel Castro's Death
In discussion, it was noted that a transition of power to
Rail Castro would not create a drastic change in internal
policies nor in U.S./Cuban relations.

In October 2007, Fidel Castro appeared to be lucid but
frail in a video conversation with Venezuela President
Hugo Chavez. Many experts believe that he is in very
poor health and according to Pifion, Fidel Castro's
departure is imminent, but as long as his persona exists,
he will influence the speed and depth of change in Cuba.

Many experts agree that a violent uprising is unlikely in
the event of Fidel Castro's death or while he is ill, but that
an exodus is a possible scenario. Nearly 20,000 Cubans
have arrived in the U.S. since October 2007 by air, land or
sea -- an increase from the previous year. Authorities are
making plans to deal with an expected influx of refugees
that might exceed the 125,000 that came to Florida in
1980 as part of the Mariel boatlift.
Source: National Public Radio, Gregg Allen, August 13,

Most experts agree that the Castro regime has extremely
strong and efficient control over all aspects of Cuban life
and the people seem to have lost hope, according to
Cuban exile writer and political leader Carlos Alberto
Montaner. He contends that hopelessness and skepticism
are the characteristics of the Cuban psyche today. The
lesson they have learned: "tomorrow will not be better."
After Castro dies a "post-totalitarian pessimism," as seen
in Eastern Europe could evolve. Change in attitudes can
only occur if these conditions are met:
* marked improvement in the living conditions of
* elections;
* the eradication of fear of betrayal by others;
* freedom of speech; and
* a good (not corrupt) performance by their newly
elected leaders.
Source: Reported in Diario Las Amnricas article in
August 2007.

As to the reaction in Florida, Levitan cited a South
Florida CEO Magazine survey (October 2005) that
* A majority (64%) of South Florida business leaders
would seriously consider expanding their business
and investing significant resources in Cuba once a
democratic government is in place.
* A substantial majority (79%) said they believe a
democratic Cuba would have an overall positive
impact on South Florida, while 61% said it would
impact their particular business or industry positively.
* A large number of respondents said that the new
market in an open Cuba would create business and
financial opportunities, as well as cut costs for their
Source: South Florida CEO Magazine, article published
in October 2005

The Cuban Power Structure
There could be various scenarios to institutionalize
succession from Fidel to his brother Raul Castro. Carlos
Saladrigas, Cuba Study Group president, describes the
ruling elite as divided between "Los Hist6ricos (the
historic group), which has nowhere to go and no desire for
change, and the younger generation, which seeks "elegant
solutions." According to Saladrigas, this younger group is
well-educated, savvy in Western ways, ambitious, and
wants stability and progress. The military, of course, will
continue to be the most powerful group in Cuba, after the
Castro brothers.

Possibilities for Reforms in a Post- Castro Cuba
The Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba published

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 2

a Report to the President of the United States in July
2006, which includes a recognition that, with the death of
Fidel Castro, comes a new challenge for the Cuban
regime: "...the Cuban Transition Government will face
daunting challenges as it begins to address the basic
human needs of the Cuban people. The Cuban people will
expect rapid and effective action by this new
government." The report points out, "Quick and visible
economic progress will give important legitimacy to the
Cuban Transition Government."
Source: The Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba
Report to the President of the United States, Condoleezza
Rice, Secretary of State, who served as Chair and Carlos
Gutierrez, U.S. Secretary of Commerce, July 2006.
(www. Cafc. Gov).

Fidel's chosen successor, Rail Castro, is portrayed as
"pragmatic" and "open to reforms." On the other hand,
Rail has ignored desires of dissidents, and it is reported
that abuses against them have increased.

Mariela Castro Espin, Rafl Castro's daughter, has hinted
at possible reforms. She claims that her father is a
"practical" man and a "strategist" who is preparing the
"necessary condition" before presenting his proposals.
She adds that "...Cuban society is prepared for a process
of the necessary transformations in order to sustain the
revolutionary process, with or without Fidel."

Possible gradual economic reforms may include:
handing out idle state land to independent
giving greater autonomy to managers of state-run
businesses; and
allowing greater freedom for Cubans to open
their own small businesses.
Source: "Signs of Change in Cuba, St. Petersburg
Times, By David Adams, Times Latin America
Correspondent, Published August 6, 2007.

Most experts agree that few changes will be made while
Fidel Castro lives. Cuban, Jorge Larrazabac, sums up
Raful's position in this way, "Rail is driving, but it's
Fidel's car."
Source: St. Petersburg Times, by David Adams.

Pifion pointed out that in spite of so many expert opinions
and studies; no one really knows what is going on in
Cuba. Cubans have been under the strong influence of
Fidel Castro as "fidelistas," but are not believers in his
philosophy or in his political model. With Fidel's death,
there will probably be process of change.

According to Saladrigas:
* There will be a move from a one-man regime to a
collective leadership upon Fidel's death.
* The military dislikes Hugo Chavez and mistrusts him
consequently there maybe some distancing. Again,
upon Fidel's death.
* Younger members of the elite are ascending and may
demand change.
* If Rafil Castro succeeds Fidel, he needs to produce
economic results to "put food on the table."
* Rafil Castro may not be as effective as Fidel in
confronting (baiting) the U.S.
* Cubans still "like" the American people in spite of
decades of hostilities between the U.S. and Cuban
* Young, internationally educated, savvy elite will
impact transition effectively.

Pifion presented several other scenarios that Fidel's death
might instigate:
* institutionalization of the regime, including a Party
* anointment of new leaders, with different leaders
heading different areas. Fidel may not be nominated
as a candidate in the October election; or
* a transition a change of political model which could
take up to five years.

Which Reforms Will Come First?
There is debate about whether the political model or the
economic model should change first. Some experts
believe that the economic model should change first in
order to stabilize the country.

In 2008, a new U.S. President will be elected and a post-
Fidel Castro government installed in Cuba. These factors
may cause real change in Cuba, but most experts indicate
that a transition period will probably last from three to
five years as opposed to violent, radical change. There
may be, for example, a transition from a centralized to a
market model, and from a dictatorial to a more democratic
model. Saladrigas agrees with Lech Walesa that,
"Communism is not reformable. Once you begin to
reform it, it falls apart."

He believes a Cuban economic model will likely emerge
that is particular to Cuba and that there is no template for
this model at this time. The following may alter or speed
up the process of change:
* a new U.S. administration in 2009;
* a possible political collapse of Venezuelan Hugo
Chavez; and

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 3

* a failure of the current Cuban leadership to deliver on
expectations of reform.

Dr. Jaime Suchlicki, director of the University of Miami
Institute of Cuban and Cuban-American Studies, believes
that no major change will happen under Rafil Castro.
"General [Rafil] Castro may offer more consumer goods
and food to tranquilize the Cuban population, but no
major structural reforms that would open the Cuban
economy...Any major move to reject Fidel's 'teachings'
would create uncertainty among Cuba's ruling elites --
party and military...the uncertainties of uncorking the
genie's bottle in Cuba are greater than keeping the lid on
and moving cautiously."

Suchlicki adds that Rafil Castro's public statements "are
politically motivated... [he] is unwilling to renounce the
support and close collaboration of countries like
Venezuela, China, Iran, and Russia in exchange for an
uncertain relationship with the U.S." In Suchicki's
opinion, "there has to be a willingness on the part of the
Cuban leadership to offer real concessions in the area of
human rights and political and economic openings, as
well as cooperation on anti-terrorism and drug
interdiction-- for the U.S. to change its policies. No
country gives away major policies without a substantial
quid pro quo."

The Status of the Cuban Economy Today
The Cuban economy and its infrastructure are in a
disastrous state despite a $5 billion annual subsidy from
Venezuela. Even so, the economy of the Cuban state itself
has strengthened in the last two years.

According to Pifion's analysis, between 2005-2007 there
has been considerable improvement of the state economy,
such tourism revenue is $2 billion plus, Venezuela's
provided oil subsidies of $3+ billion, new credit lines with
Venezuela-China-Iran-Russia have been established, and
high commodity prices: (nickel is an abundant natural
resource) provide a financial opportunity.

China has become Cuba's biggest trading partner after
Venezuela. Three Beijing delegations visited Havana in
2007. Companies from China, India, Spain and Norway
have lined up to explore Cuba's oil deposits off its
northwestern shores. Canada's Len Edwards, deputy
minister of foreign affairs, is also exploring closer
relationships with Cuba while Japan, and Singapore
dispatched senior officials to Havana. Mexico's new
conservative President Felipe Calder6n has made friendly

overtures to Cuba. Even the Secretary General of the
Organization of American States Jos6 Miguel Insulza has
said he wants to begin a dialogue with Cuba, even though
Cuba was suspended from the organization in 1962.

The Cuban people continue to suffer enormous economic
deprivation. There is division and friction among the
races. It is more likely for white Cubans to receive
economic support from Cuban Americans in Miami than
afro-Cubans. Nevertheless, millions of white and black
Cubans are lacking in the most basic materials goods and
have to struggle on a daily basis to put food on the table.

Challenges and Opportunities Posed by the Transition
A transition is defined as a move toward a democratic
society, whereas a succession is a continuation of the
Castros in power as defined by Suchlicki. However, for
Saladrigas, a transition is a change in the economic
model--reforms to open Cuba economically even if the
political elite remains in power.

AIA Florida and its members must ask themselves if they
would be willing to work with architects in Cuba (if it
becomes legal to do so) even if a Castro remains in

Many experts believe there would be tremendous
economic impact on Florida because:
* There are 11.2 million consumers in Cuba who are
hungry for material goods.
* Cuba has a wealth of underutilized natural and human
resources -- something that enhances its value as a
trading partner.
* Florida architectural firms would have great
opportunities to rebuild the Cuban infrastructure. The
U.S.-Cuba Business Council estimated initial Cuban
infrastructure needs of:
o $500 million investment in telecommunications;
o $500 million in mass transit;
o $575 million in airports; and
o $540 million in railroads.

Piiion identified Post-Castro Economic Challenges as:
* Current U.S. trade and economic policies;
* The role of Cuban military in the economy;
* Resolution of outstanding property claims;
* legal, monetary, tax, labor, and Creation of free-
market economic enablers;
* Capitalization of state enterprises; and
* Society's fears, ethics, values, and attitudes.

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 4

According to Pifi6n, during the Post-Castro economic process, opportunities can be broken down as follows:

Opportunity Risk Level Time Frame Example
Business Opportunities for Capital Intensive 3-5 Years If a company is spending major multi-million
Large Multi-Nationals High Risk dollar capital, then the enablers must be in place
and the recovery rate is key.
Distribution & Marketing of Low to Medium 1 Year Paint companies some already have a plan and
Goods and Services Capital Intensive are ready to go. Risk in these cases is only the
Medium Risk inventory.
Entrepreneurial Startups Low Risk 1 Year Small Florida business that would get a $100,000
Small- and Medium-Size loan to open a small business in Cuba. It is likely
Enterprises this type of business will take off in Cuba and
provide a bridge between Cubans and Cuban

Pifion also pointed out that there is a fear in Cuba that
Cuban Americans will return as "carpetbaggers."
Bringing up the question of whether companies will send
Cuban Americans or other Hispanics to do business in a
Post-Castro Cuba. Plans should be developed to deal with
these challenges.

Additionally he pointed out, states other than Florida have
been visiting Cuba with delegations, especially in the
agricultural sector, including Arkansas, Alabama, Texas
and others. These states are more advanced than Florida
in planning for a Post-Castro Cuba. However, Florida's
unique population and proximity forces businesses and
professionals to consider the opportunity cost (in terms of
reputation and sales) of doing business in Cuba now, even
if some business can be done legally at this time. For
example, agricultural and humanitarian engagements are
currently allowed by law.

Pifion's recommendation, from the perspective of his
experience as a private-sector leader who spent years
developing umbrella strategies at McKenzie, was that
AIA Florida and its members should develop a strategic
roadmap to meet the challenges and opportunities of a
Post-Castro Cuba. AIA Florida could consider several
bridges in reaching strategic goals, such as establishing a
dialogue with the Cuban society of architects through a
university (the only legal way to do it), or communicating
with Cuban-American architectural

Infrastructure Needs
Infrastructure opportunities exist within the following
* Water & Sewer;
* Highways & Bridges;
* Ports;

* Power Generation;
* Environmental;
* Telecommunications;
* Warehousing;
* Public Transportation; and
* Railroads.

The housing situation in Cuba is quite desperate. Housing
is in a terrible state of disrepair, and the population lives
in overcrowded and poorly maintained buildings. There is
an estimated need for 1.6 million units.
Source: The Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba
Report to the President of the United States, Condoleezza
Rice, Secretary ofState, who served as Chair and Carlos
Gutierrez, U.S. Secretary of Commerce, July 2006.

Nicolis Quintana, assistant professor at the School of
Architecture of Florida International University, estimates
that Havana alone will need $1 billion or more for
housing repairs.
Source: South Florida CEO magazine in October 2005.
Just as the President's Report envisions, if the Cuban
government requests it, Florida businesses and
professional leaders can help in the following areas:
* Provide safe, adequate, habitable, and hazard-resistant
shelter, basic, shelter-related services (e.g., water,
sanitation, drainage), and garbage and/or solid-waste
collection and disposal services.
* Work with communities in designing and local
* Ensure all shelter and settlement interventions reflect
hazard-mitigation measures.
* Evaluate logistics-supply systems to ensure sufficient
building supplies are available for the timely
construction of shelters, and are equitably disbursed
throughout the country.
Source: The Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 5

Report to the President of the United States, Condoleezza
Rice, Secretary of State, who served as Chair and Carlos
Gutierrez, U.S. Secretary of Commerce, July 2006.

Other opportunities include:
* Development of "Yellow Page" businesses, which do
not exist in Cuba; (i.e. no stores, service providers,
etc., other than state run)
* Imports at the beginning of a relaxing of relations and
evolving into local manufacturing opportunities at a
later period; and
* Limited disposable income will grow after several
years of economic development.

Infrastructure needs exist in the area of transportation.
According to a U.K. study, Cuba boasts nearly 61,000 km
of roads compared to 194,000 km in Florida. The study
also found that 85% of public roads in Florida are paved,
about 40% of Cuban roads are not, and 54% of which are
in urgent need of repair. In 2001, the Cuban vehicle fleet
was estimated at 362,000 vehicles of which 173,000 are
cars, 160,000 are trucks, and 29,000 are buses. In
addition, there are 180,000 motorcycles and 115,000
tractors (Enoch et. al., 2004). By contrast, in Florida there
were: 13,031,700 vehicles, made up of 12,452,200 cars,
513,200 trucks, and 66,300 buses. Additionally, there are
almost 300,000 motorcycles, and 217,000 recreation
vehicles (Transportation Research, 2003). Per resident, in
2001 there were: 779 vehicles per 1,000 people in Florida,
while the Cuban figure of 31 vehicles per 1,000 people is
roughly the same as it was in 1957 (albeit for a population
that has increased from 6.6 million to 11.2 million over
the period).
Source: Mobility, Energy And Emissions In Cuba And
Florida. James P. Warren, The Centre for Technology
Strategy, Faculty of Technology, The Open University,
Cambridge, UK. and Marcus P. Enoch, Transport Studies
Group, Department of Civil Engineering, Loughborough
University, Leicestershire,, UK.

Building Industry Opportunities
Jose "Pepe" Cancio, CEO of Miami-based Central
Concrete Supermix Inc., expects that up to 75% of the
concrete needed for construction projects in Cuba will be
shipped from Florida. He also says Cuba will be a grand
exporter of raw building materials in the future,
generating between $20 million and $30 million a year in
Source: South Florida CEO, October 2005

Considering the need to rebuild the infrastructure of Cuba
and the demand for new housing in a Post-Castro Cuba,
Florida companies selling building materials will

probably experience considerable demand. In addition,
hotels, resort developments, schools, libraries and other
government structures will need to be built.

Housing and real estate development opportunities
include single and multi family residential, office and
commercial, and vacation and resort development.

According to Quintana, approximately 1.5 million homes
are needed.

Sergio Pino, CEO of Century Homebuilders, LLC, in
Miami, expects 70% of Havana's badly deteriorated
structures to be rebuilt. Pino envisions a plan to relocate
residents to temporary housing outside of the city while
their actual homes are repaired or rebuilt. Demand for
new homes may come from foreign investors looking for
second homes rather than from Cubans themselves.
Demand from Cuban Americans for second homes in
Cuba is likely to be great.

Anthony Seijas, Miami-Dade County division president of
Lennar Homes, a subsidiary of Miami-based Lennar
Corp., projects that the market for workforce housing will
be greater than that for luxury homes. The company has
the resources to immediately jump into the fray after a
free-market transition.
Source: South Florida CEO, October 2005

Opportunities in Tourism
Opportunities in tourism are in the following categories:
* Hotels;
* Food Services;
* Car Rental;
* Cruise Ship Services;
* Resort Facilities Products & Services; and
* Landscaping.

Pifion indicates that there were 2.2 million visitors to
Cuba compared to 3.7 million to Puerto Rico. Fewer than
7% are return visitors to Cuba. There are 43,000 hotel
rooms in 482 hotels and another 100 "star hotels," which
could be upgraded to U.S. standards. There are 16 five-
star and 42 four-star hotels, but these rankings are not
equivalent to those of U.S. hotels. There are only two golf
courses (one in Havana and one in Varadero). Cruise line
super ships do not currently have the special harbor
facilities needed to get into Cuba and safety measures for
tourists as well as tourist attractions in Cuba are not up to
the standards of the cruise industry.

Vacation and resort development are likely to be one of

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 6

the first catalysts in the tourism building arena.

Economist Jorge Salazar-Carrillo's Florida International
University study anticipates a 90% increase in demand for
the number of hotel rooms within four years of a
democratic transition and a 100% increase, or more, four
years after that. U.S. investors will have to compete with
companies already established in Cuba, such as Spanish
hotel giant Sol Melia Hotels & Resorts, which currently
operates 24 hotels in Cuba. However, due to pent-up
demand, there will probably be enough business, for both
U.S. and European companies, as well as others.
Source: South Florida CEO, October 2005

Other Opportunities
Skilled Workforce
There are 658,000 students enrolled in Cuban universities
as of 2005-06. Most are enrolled in medical and
educational fields with 37,000 in engineering and 3,000 in
biology and mathematics. Cuba has potential to become a
"mini-India" or a "mini-Costa Rica" in terms of lower
cost off shore personnel. However, the labor force may
not be as bilingual as required and may not be as
inexpensive over the long term.

Perla Gonzalez Marinello Cuban-American and urban
planner in Cuba until 1995 points out that architects in
Cuba are well-educated even though they earn very little
in wages. As an architect in Cuba, Marinello earned an
average salary of $10 a month. Architects in Cuba have
few resources and would like to have more operational

Economic Challenges
Salazar-Carrillo expects investments will occur slowly
and in amounts limited to between $200 million and $300
million in the first few years after a democratic transition
because of what he calls "bottlenecks" in the system.
There are a number of obstacles that businesses will face,
including: a lack of generally accepted accounting
practices in Cuba, potential for rapid inflation, degraded
transportation and storage infrastructure, and inability of
existing energy and telecommunications facilities to meet
expected demand.

Salazar-Carrillo adds, "I think most firms will lose money
for a few years and they'll have to expect that they won't
recoup those investments for years...The stream of profits
after that will be rather substantial. It's an investment for
middle and long run, 20 to 30 years."
Source: South Florida CEO, October 2005

Other important factors presented by Pifion were:

* The role of the Cuban military in the economy must
be taken into account; the military currently controls
all the state enterprises. Managerial skills would
mostly be obtained from military leaders.
* The University of Havana is increasingly enrolling
students in its business school.
* Critical thinking capabilities will be a major
challenge, whereas technical skills are probably more
developed. The current centralized economy does not
favor critical thinking.
* Resolution of outstanding property claims, between
ex-patriots and the current residents especially in
business and agricultural properties, may be a
problem for new investors.
* Assets are so old and/or deteriorated that they may
not be worth buying, whereas land is quite valuable.
* There is a challenge in terms of values, fears, and
ethics. Corruption is currently a fact of life. The
philosophy of resolverr" or (making do) has lead to
the normalization of stealing from the state as a
survival mechanism.

Pifion recommends that AIA Florida and its members
tread carefully in researching the leaders of Cuba (when
investigating potential future partnerships). Some leaders
have committed crimes and human rights violations.

Free Market Economic Enablers
The creation of free market economic enablers will be
very important, according to Pifion. Cuba does not have a
legal, monetary, tax, labor, or judiciary system that
facilitates free market development. Capitalization of state
enterprises is uncertain. It is uncertain if Cuba will
privatize state enterprises. They have little value due to
outdated technologies and structural deterioration. A
better strategy may be to bring in top-of-the-line
technology and open new businesses rather than buying
existing enterprises.

In consideration of the society's fears ethics, values,
attitudes, it is important to understand the people who will
work for future investors. Some are afraid of change and
of losing what little they have. Some steal as the only way
to survive. It is crucial for them to gain values, including
responsibility for one's actions. The experience of the
military as the management infrastructure within the state

and the resources and experience of Cuban Americans
will be important enablers.

The Role of the Cuban-American Community
Levitan cited a survey conducted by South Florida CEO
magazine, which revealed that, although Cuban

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 7

Americans have a sense of duty to invest personal assets
in a Post-Castro Cuba, many indicated, "While I would
invest heavily in a free ... Cuba, I would not send one
penny there while Castro is still in power."
Source: South Florida CEO, October 2005

Levitan also cited a 2007 survey by the Institute for
Public Opinion Research and the Cuban Research
Institute of FIU. According to this survey:
* Approximately 65% support a dialogue with the
Cuban government (in 2004 it was 55.4% in Miami-
Dade and 60.9% in Broward County).
* 23.6% feel that the embargo has worked well,
* 57.5% of the Cuban-American population expressed
support for its continuation (down from 66.4% in
* 57.2% support diplomatic relations with the island.
* 64% would like to return to the pre-2003 government
policies for travel and remittances to Cuba.
* 55.2% favor "unrestricted" travel to Cuba, though a
majority of those registered to vote opposed the
option. Support for the embargo was at the lowest
level since the survey was launched in 1991.
* The Cuban-American community is willing to lend
support to human rights groups working inside Cuba
with over 97% supporting lending a hand to such

As of 2004, there were 1.675 million Cubans in the U.S.
One third of these Cuban Americans are older than 50
years of age, 75% were born in Cuba, and less than one
third are 1960 arrivals. It is estimated that 96% of Cuban-
American adults were born in Cuba. According to
Saladrigas, 57% of Cuban-Americans are U.S. citizens.
Sources: U.S. Census 2004 and Synovate's U.S. Hispanic
Market Report, 2004.

Opinions of Cuban Americans regarding Cuba
Most experts agree that the Cuban-American community
is not a monolithic community and can be understood
based on the various waves of migration:
1. The first wave (1895-1898) went to Tampa, Key
West, New York, and New Orleans.
2. The second wave (250,000 Cubans between 1959-
1962) included the white upper classes, upper middle
classes and middle classes.
3. The third wave Freedom Flights (300,000 Cubans
between 1965-1972) included younger Cubans
(children and elderly were over-represented) and
lower middle class.
4. The Mariel Influx (130,000 Cubans in 1980) had an
earthquake effect on American politics.

Uprising in Arkansas prisons affected the then
governor Bill Clinton.
Brought more Afro-Cubans than ever before.
Included lower socioeconomic classes.
Ten percent were criminal and/or antisocial
(included in the boats as a condition to Cubans
who wanted to bring their relatives to the U.S.).
Damaged Cuban-American reputation.
5. Post-Mariel Arrivals (since 1980) has included
several waves.
The rafters (63,000 have come by raft or boats
and 16,000 have perished in the effort).
Third-country arrivals.
Visa arrivals (200,000 as of 2005). Majority of
which were bor in Cuba after the revolution.
Younger, well educated and not nostalgic about
the homeland.

Political attitudes are defined by these waves. Exiles are
transitioning in terms of their political ideas and views
about Cuba. The 1960s generation has been characterized
by the "politics of passion" according to Damidn Perez,
professor at FIU. These Cuban Americans have no
remaining links in Cuba in terms of family and friends.
Their hatred of Fidel Castro and his impact on Cuba are
their most important drivers.

"The politics of affection" characterize Cubans who
arrived in 1980 or afterwards. These Cubans left behind
friends and family, are not willing to subjugate these
relationships to politics and send remittances to their
relatives. They indicate a desire to travel to Cuba in most

U.S. born and/or Cubans educated in the U.S. hold to the
"politics of reason." They are passionate but reasonable in
their attitudes about Cuba. According to Saladrigas, many
increasingly believe that the past 50 years activities have
not worked so it is now time to look at possible policy

According to a Miami Herald survey of 600 Cuban
Americans, 67% of which were registered voters,
approximately 74% of Cubans in Miami believe Fidel
Castro will not return to power (poll taken during Castro's
recent illness), 55% believe Cuba will eventually return to
democracy, 77% say it is more important that the
transition to democracy in Cuba be gradual and without
violence, and that 80% will not return to Cuba to live,
while 13% would return to live on the island. A majority
approved of President Bush's handling of Cuba policy.
However, most of those that came after 1980 believe
restrictions on travel and remittances should be lifted.

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 8

Another 53% believe the embargo should continue
compared to 36% who believe it should not continue,
67% believe residential and dwelling properties in Cuba
should belong to those who live in them now in Cuba
versus being returned to the ex-patriots who might return
to a post-Castro Cuba, 72% believe the U.S. government
should negotiate if a new Cuban government shows
interest in negotiations, and 80% would stay and live in
the U.S. even after democracy is restored in Cuba.
Source: Survey of Cuban and Cuban American Resident
Adults in Miami-Dade and Broward, The Miami Herald,

U.S. Representative Lincoln Diaz-Balart, on the other
hand, cites different results from a poll he commissioned
involving 400 Cuban-American registered voters in his
district. According to his poll, Cuban Americans
supported travel restrictions on tourism and family visits
to Cuba. Approximately 89% support retaining the U.S.
restriction on tourism, while 85.2% back the current
policy that prohibits Cuban nationals from visiting the
island more than once in three years, and 88.5% supported
the economic embargo against Cuba, although those
younger than 34 were less inclined to back it. The time of
their arrival in the U.S. did not make a significant
difference in attitudes toward those policies.
Source: Poll of registered voters commissioned by
Congressman Lincoln Diaz-Balart and conducted by
analyst Dario Moreno.

The Role of Cuban Americans in Rebuilding Cuba
There are more than one million Cuban Americans in
Florida. The Report to the President points out that
Cubans abroad should play a major role in the rebuilding
of a Post-Castro Cuba since they "can provide much
needed resources in the form of information, research and
know-how, as well as material support, remittances, loans
and investment capital." Cuban Americans within AIA
Florida should be significantly involved in developing the
strategic plans to meet the challenges and opportunities of
a Post-Castro Cuba.

Florida Cubans could also provide "support for new
Cuban entrepreneurs during the transition." In the area of
infrastructure, for example, "Cubans are justly proud of
their architectural heritage. Both Cubans on the island and
abroad could work in partnership with non-government
organizations and relevant U.S. government agencies,
such as the Department of the Interior, to preserve and
restore Cuba's historic heritage, much of which has
tragically been neglected under Castro's rule."
Source: The Report to the President, et al.

Cuban-American architects could work with other AIA
Florida members in comparing the curriculum of Cuban
architects to that of U.S. architects and establishing a
licensing procedure, building codes, etc. The goal being to
build relationships that will eventually produce a Cuban
architect-Florida architect alliance to help rebuild Cuba.

Challenges and Opportunities for Florida Architects
A very important issue, according to Quintana, is how to
avoid destroying Havana's identity and
historical/architectural heritage while undertaking the
major challenge of rebuilding this city and others in Cuba.
Intense activity without guidance, it is feared, will lead to
mediocrity and sprawl. There is a colossal amount of
work ahead, with a need for $40 to $50 billion to build
more than 1 million dwellings. Among his
recommendations are:
* Research the historic growth of Havana.
* Establish long- and short-term objectives.
* Determine the proper path to retain authenticity.
* Preserve the grid design of Havana.
* Preserve the architectural heritage of old Havana.
* Take industrial activity out of the bay.
* Encourage development to the East.
* Accommodate 2.5 million people in the Havana

Raul Rodriguez, AIA spoke briefly about Jos6 Luis Sert
(1902-1983), architect and town planner, friend and
collaborator of Le Corbusier, member of CIAM, and
founder of the Grupo Este of the GATEPAC in
Barcelona. Among Sert's most representative works are
the Fundaci6n Joan Mir6 and the Dispensari
Antitubercolosi in Barcelona, the Fondation Maeght at
Saint-Paul-de-Vence in France, the American Embassy in
Baghdad and town plans for several cities in South
America, including Medellin, Bogota, Lima and Havana.

Rodriguez also discussed Colonial Havana (the walled
city 1516-1898); the Republican Havana (1902-1958); the
work of Forestier in the 1920s, the landscape artist who
developed plans for the Paseo del Prado; and the fact that
few of the buildings are higher than eight stories. He
illustrated the great fusion of nature, architecture and the

There will be two options in a Post-Castro Cuba,
according to Rodriguez. One is, "He who has the gold
rules." The other is, "Do unto others as you would like
them to do unto you," vs. "Do unto others what was done
to you." He cited examples of inappropriate architecture
such as the Hotel Melia Cohiba and the Hotel Panorama.

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 9

Instead of the philosophy of resolverr" (to make do), the
philosophy in a Post-Castro Cuba should be "rescatar" (to
rescue what is valuable, good and historic).

Rodriguez also discussed several choices that Cuban
Americans and others will face in rebuilding a Post-
Castro Cuba:
* Cuba vs. Guaperia (an expression for a show of
uncalled-for "courage," almost bullying);
* Consensus building vs. threats;
* Work ethic vs. entitlement (the feeling that may now
prevail in Cuba that "I am entitled to..." based on
having survived under the Castro regime;
* Majority rule vs. minority rights;
* Immigration vs. emigration; and
* Nation building vs. space making.

The rebuilding of Cuba and the progress of this nation
will not be the work of one generation, it must be the
work of several generations and Florida architects will
have major opportunities and challenges in this process.

Gonzalez-Marinello, says she has accomplished more in
Florida professionally than in all her life of work in Cuba
as an urban planner. Cuban cities have master plans, but
no money.

She explained that architects in Cuba need to improve
their techniques and technology since computers are in
short supply. They also need updated equipment and

The first step for architects interested in participating in
the rebuilding of a Post-Castro Cuba could be in the area
of tourism, according to Gonzalez. Tourism regions were
plotted and Cuban architects will want to be active
participants in tourism-oriented projects. With the joint
effort, she hopes that Florida architects will avoid using
the inappropriate designs of some of the hotels built in
Varadero, such as the Melia Hotel. According to
Gonzalez some environmentally sensitive areas have
already been compromised by development in Cuba.

According to Gonzalez, resources available for Florida
architects include useful databases, well-educated
professionals, master plans that already exist, and

sustainability opportunities (many natural resources have
not yet been affected).

She states that, Cuba is a potentially significant
opportunity for Florida architects when and if it becomes
legal to do business in Cuba. Existing resources include:

* The University of Miami Cuban Business Roundtable
* The Institute of Cuban and Cuban-American Studies
of the University of Miami
* The Cuban Study Group
* The Cuban-American National Foundation
* The Cuban-American National Council
* The Florida International University Cuban Research
* Other resource publications include:
o The Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba
Report to the President of the United States,
Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of State, who served
as Chair and Carlos Gutierrez, U.S. Secretary of
Commerce, July 2006.
o The Cuban-American Experience, a book by
Guarion6 Diaz, Reedy Press, 2007.
o Cuban Affairs, a quarterly, peer-reviewed,
electronic journal published by the Institute for
Cuban and Cuban-American Studies, University
of Miami.
o Consenso Cubano, an 18-point document that
summarizes what is common ground to many
Cuban organizations that participated in this
process, www.consesocubano.org

The participants discussed what they would do if the
Cuban government implements major reforms and it
becomes legal to do business in Cuba. Questions to be
considered are:
* How will association members of Cuban origin react?
* Will promoting a free market policy create political
* How can Florida and its members be helpful to
Cubans in the rebuilding process in a Post-Castro
* How can AIA Florida and its members provide
information and training to Cuban architects?
* What is the value for AIA Florida and its members to
be active participants in the future of Cuba?

According to Pifion, the objective of AIA Florida should
be to develop a strategic plan. This plan would include a
bridging strategy (within the framework of U.S. law),
including contacts between Florida and Cuban architects
to share knowledge and what could be achieved in the
future through a team effort. The "roadmap" could
include more research and information, a list of threats
and opportunities, and identification of other necessary

Piiion remarked that associations are historically a leading
voice to promote civil society. Members of AIA Florida
should explore the opportunity to engage with their

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 10

counterparts in Cuba, collaborate with them and exchange
information, but all within the framework permitted by
U.S. law, e.g. universities.

For the addenda, visit www.aiafla.org.


Composition of AIA Florida Seminar Participants
Facilitator and Presenter of the Introduction
Aida Levitan, Ph.D., APR, is one of the most nationally
recognized Hispanic marketing communication leaders in
the U.S. She is president and CEO of Levitan & Palencia,
a Miami-based agency that provides advertising, public
relations and marketing services to U.S. and Spanish
clients. In 2004-2005, she served as vice chairman of
Bromley Communications, the number one Hispanic
advertising agency in the nation. From 2001 to 2004 she
was the Chair and CEO of Publicis Sanchez & Levitan,
the number eight agency in the U.S.. She has received the
PRSA Royal Palm Award, the U.S. Department of
Commerce MBE Legend in Communication and the
Hispanic magazine national Adelante Award, among
many other recognition. She also served as president of
the Association of Hispanic Advertising Agencies (Ahaa)
in 2004, and has spoken at numerous national and local
Hispanic marketing conferences.

Expert Resources: Principal Speakers
A former president of Amoco Oil de M6xico and
president of Amoco Oil Latin America, Jorge Piii6n also
served as the top BP executive running the BP western
European supply and logistics operation. He retired from
BP in 2003, and is currently an international energy
consultant, as well as a senior research associate and
director of the Cuba Business Roundtable at the
University of Miami's Institute for Cuban and Cuban-
American Studies. He is also a frequent guest energy
analyst on CNN En Espafiol, CNN International,
Bloomberg Financial News Services and other news

Nicolis Quintana is an architect, designer and consultant
with vast experience in architecture and urbanism projects
since 1951. He has executed projects and works in Cuba,
Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Aruba,
Bahamas, Brazil, New York, Los Angeles, and Florida.
He has won numerous awards for excellence in design for
his work in architecture and urbanism, specialized studies,
articles, and essays, and he has been recognized and
published internationally in numerous books, professional
and non-professional magazines, and newspapers. Since

1953, Quintana has also served as a lecturer and visiting
critic by invitation at professional congresses,
conferences, seminars, and symposia in cultural
institutions and at the schools of architecture of numerous
universities in the U.S., Latin America, and the

Raul L. Rodriguez, AIA, is a principal at Rodriguez and
Quiroga Architects Chartered. The firm offers
architecture, urban design and interior design services.
Rodriguez is an architect with more than 30 years of
experience in the fields of architecture, urban design and
interior design. He has designed projects for the State of
Florida, Miami-Dade County, the City of Miami, the City
of Coral Gables, The City of Homestead, Florida State
University, Florida Atlantic University, Florida
International University, the University of Miami, St.
Thomas University, Miami Dade College, Broward
Community College, MCI Telecommunications
Corporation, Bacardi Limited, Del Monte Fresh Produce
Company, and the John S. and James L. Knight
Foundation. Currently, Rodriguez is serving as Principal-
in-Charge for the Florida Grand Opera Anderson Center
in Miami, Camillus House, the restoration of the historic
Security Building in downtown Miami and the restoration
of the historic Ponce de Leon School in Coral Gables.
Rodriguez currently serves as Chairman of the Florida
Building Commission and has served as Chairman of the
Miami-Dade County Art in Public Places Trust and
Chairman of the Historical Association of Southern

Perla Gonzalez Marinello has a degree in architecture
(equivalent to a U.S. Bachelor's degree) from the
University of Havana. She currently works as a Planner II
at the City of Miami Planning Department. Her
international experience includes consulting work for the
City Council of Telde and Water Management Council,
Gran Canaria, Spain, the City Council of Gran Canaria,
European Regional Development Fund and University of
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. From 1985 to 1995
she served as the project manager of Varadero at the
National Planning Institute in Havana, Cuba. Her work
included the Urban and Regional Planning Master Plan of
the region Matanzas-Cardenas-Varadero, and
management of a team of allied design professionals
including urban planners, architects, engineers,
geographers and sociologists.

See AIA Florida website (www.aiafla.org) for a list of

AIA FLORIDA Seminar 2007 Page 11

Top: The Entry Court. Middle: The
Retail Fafade. Bottom: The
Boathouse Restaurant.

Opposite page, top: Rendering of the
West Green of Rink's design for the
new UNF Student Union. Bottom
left: View of the Student Union from
across the lake. Bottom right: The
North Entrance.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

Baker Barrios Architects,
Inc., Orlando, recently completed
work on the design of interior office
space for Stirling Sotheby's
International Realty Global Gallery
located in downtown Orlando. Baker
Barrios provided interior design, space
planning, design development, furni-
ture and color selection, specifica-
tions, construction documents and
construction administration for the
20,000-square-foot project.

The space includes 10,000 square
feet of interior space and 10,000
square feet of exterior deck and patio.
Executive and support offices, a
gallery, conference rooms and a patio
feature clean modern design that
includes traditional wood wall panel-
ing, wood flooring and marble tile
juxtaposed against raw interior ele-
ments including exposed ductwork
and concrete ceilings. The design
focused on attracting developers wish-
ing to showcase and market new or
proposed real estate projects to
prospective buyers.

Photos of the Stirling Sotheby reception area, gallery and boardroom courtesy of Baker Barrios Architects, Inc.

24 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

Wannemacher Jensen Architects,
St. Petersburg, has just seen con-
struction completed on its design for
the White Sands Beach Pavilions in
Carrollwood, Florida. The 4,000-
square-foot project was completed at
a cost of $598,250. The original
program called for the replacement of
an existing beach pavilion located on

the program into two pavilions, one
connected to the beach and the other
to the water. The beach pavilion is
anchored to the land with concrete
and masonry. The water pavilion
sheds all walls, suspending the roof in
air by columns alone. Its floor con-
sists of simple joists and decking. In
between, the two structures slide
past each other blurring the transi-
tion between the beach and the
water. The folding roofs unite the
two pavilions in form but they differ
in their connection to the ground.
The roofs appear to be animated
wings extending from the beach out


over the water, metaphorically refer-
encing low flying water birds in the
area but also serving to open up
views toward the water.
The project fulfills the need for
observation and recreation and its
simplicity of design is sensitive to the
pristine shoreline.

the shore. While analyzing the site,
patrons were observed congregating
on the existing dock rather than the
existing pavilion, indicating that they
sought a connection to the lake sur-
face and open views of the water.
The new proposal sought to
exploit this connection by splitting

Above: South-facing view of the water pavilions with a roof designed to emulate low-flying birds. All photos by
James Borchuck. Inset and left: Structural details of the roofing support system. Middle: Site plan courtesy of the
architect. Top: Overview of the beach pavilions showing north elevation.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 25
spring 2008

Slattery & Associates, Inc.,
Boca Raton, are designing a
Disaster Recovery and Emergency
Operations Center to be built in
Delray Beach, Florida. While the
development of disaster and recov-
ery facilities has historically been left
to public agencies, this project was
conceptualized, and will be devel-
oped, privately. Following the hurri-
cane season of 2005, it was deter-
mined that there was need for a facil-
ity that would enable businesses and
municipalities to be up and running
quickly following a disaster. Two years,
many hours and miles of research later,
the concept was on the boards and on
its way to becoming a reality.
The four-story, 14,000-square-
foot building has clean contemporary
lines and is designed to withstand
170-mph winds. Upon completion,

Perspective of the northwest corner of the building, top, and north and east elevations, courtesy of the architect.


the building will serve the emergency
needs of multiple agencies, public and
private, in the event of a natural disas-
ter. The client's mandate for the design
of the building was flexibility, which is
absolutely essential when responding
to the varied needs of users. In addi-
tion to meeting tenant business needs
and assisting with contingency plans
following a disaster, the building can
also provide emergency living quarters
for staff. One of the major advantages
of this concept is that it offers a cost-
effective long term lease arrangement
versus a costly capital outlay.

The building design and con-
struction will emphasize green
building products and systems. One
of the project's primary objectives is
the achievement of LEED certifica-
tion points for the building.
Lighting is a major component in
this design with wall-mounted lights
at ground level accenting design ele-
ments on the building's main facade.
Sconce lighting will be located in the
front stair tower and the rear eleva-
tor tower. Cable railing will sur-
round the third floor with a glass
railing envelope at the fourth floor.

The potential for this prototype
concept is far-reaching and could
ultimately meet the needs of com-
munities throughout the U.S. and
abroad following a natural disaster.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008


DB Lewis Architecture+Design,
Miami, has designed a contempo-
rary single-family residence in
Coconut Grove that utilizes the jux-
taposition of the lush setting and
orthogonal geometry to create a
home that stands out among the ver-
nacular houses around it. The Villa
Claude is set in the tropical context
of Coconut Grove, a 5,000-square-
foot residence that suggests an
orthogonal solution to the house's

Several key design elements
include the roof terrace with full
entertainment facilities and a lap
pool set within the trees.
The residence was designed as a
fully-automated "smart" home that
includes a chef's kitchen, separate
office suite and covered parking for
two cars set behind a louvered panel
that compliments the horizontal
banding of the wood facade.

natural organic setting. As a means
of easing the tension between house
and environs, a wood cladding sys-
tem was used with horizontal bands
extending around the entire house.
The mature existing trees on site
were essential to the project and are
celebrated throughout the design.
The architect created visual sight
lines through the volume of the house
and between the large trees in the court-
yard. The rear of the house is a study in
geometry that attempts to break the
rigidity of the orthogonal form. By cre-
ating the angled rear facade, the house
was allowed a more transparent rela-
tionship with its lush setting.

Aerial view, front and rear elevations and view of the courtyard courtesy of the architect.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 27
spring 2008

North Shore Pool st. petersburg
Wannemacher Jensen Architects, Inc., St. Petersburg, Florida

The canopy over the entry build-
ing at the North Shore Pool has been
described as seeming "to float."
That's an interesting description of
something that weighs 57 tons and is
made of concrete. But, float is what
it does with surprising lightness
owing to the unique properties of
concrete that allow structure, volume
and shelter to be defined in one thin
dimension. Here, the architect's
design is a metaphor for a swimmer's
hand cutting through the water.
Only 700 square feet of program
space was allocated for the pool's
new entry building. That's not much
space for a structure that was
designed to serve as the main
entrance to a complex that hosts
national swim meets and accommo-
dates everyday training. Despite its
small size, the building was designed
to fulfill a variety of functions,
including serving as a waiting area,
security checkpoint, office, ticket
booth and display space for sculp-
ture. The architects overcame the
obstacle of working with limited
space by using exterior program ele-

ments, including a folding concrete
canopy and a perforated sculpture
enclosure, to create an exterior room
and direct entry.

The edges of the structure are
focused on the pool. The entry building
was designed in perspective to empha-
size the entry experience. This guides
patrons toward the water and
stretches the entry sequence. In this
way, the entry building establishes a
threshold to match the significance and
scale of an Olympic pool complex.

Project Credits: Wannemaker
Jensen Architects, Inc.; Lisa
Wannemacher; Principal-in-Charge;
Jason Jensen: Project Manager;
Biltmore Construction: Contractor;
City of St. Petersburg: Client.

Left and right: Details of the concrete and perforat-
ed bronze entry structure. Above: Site plan of the
entry pavilion and Olympic pool showing site lines
and sequence of spaces. Plan courtesy of the archi-
tect. Opposite page: North elevation of the entry
pavilion showing sculpture by Nicole Lea Haislett.
All photos by James Borchuck.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008



Schrock-Solstice House sarasota county
Halflants + Pichette Studio for Modern Architecture, Sarasota, Florida

Above: On the creek side of the house, an exterior stair leads to the roof terrace. A cypress pergola slices through the elevator tower. The two-story space in the ground floor
foyer is balanced by the two-story living room space on the third floor. Below: View of the house from downstream on Bolees Creek. Photos by Michael Halflants

This house is located at the
mouth of Bolees Creek as it opens to
Sarasota Bay. Instead of fronting
other residential properties across the
crowded narrow creek, the house is
rotated to look over Sarasota Bay in

the direction of the summer solstice. first living level of the house was raised
A vierendeel steel beam spans a full story above grade. The bedrooms
over 20 feet of sliding glass doors are located above the garage, while the
opening onto a cantilevered terrace main living spaces are laid out on the
overlooking the water, top floor to take full advantage of the
Due to the high flood elevation, the long views over the Bay.

..' : -, -. -

: . '..' :,;% ..

, i,'-.'- .: . a' b- .-
... iIi ./


Top: Bright colors were applied on faces concealed from the street. Photos by Michael Halflants. Below: A 25-foot long horizontal slit fames the view ofBolees Creek from
the kitchen on the third floor. Photo by Carlton Grooms, Big Bamboo Creative.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

The formal dining room can-
tilevers six feet from the south facade
of the house. Acting as a sundial, the
dining volume casts dramatic shad-
ows on the south elevation through-
out the day.

Among other features, the house
boasts a roof terrace that steps up to
provide dramatic views of the Bay.
The steps give additional height to
the living room below and lead to an
elevated platform from which to
enjoy views of the barrier islands.
The lower part of the roof is shaded
by an arbor of cypress beams and is
serviced by an elevator, a bath and a
small kitchen. The shape of the roof
also provides for stadium seating that
allows for outdoor screenings.
While most of the exterior of the
house is painted white, the architects
experimented with color on the
south wall which is not visible from
the street. Bright colors from red to
chartreuse were applied to select hor-
izontal and vertical surfaces so that
depending on the weather and the
time of day, color bounces off these
surfaces onto the house to create
unexpected splashes of color.

Project Credits: Halflants +
Pichette Studio for Modern
Architecture; Michael Halflants,
AIA: Project Designer; Wilson
Structural: Structural Engineer;
David W. Young: Landscape
Architect; Oden McLaughlin
Construction: Contractor.

Top: Seating on the roof terrace was
designed to accommodate the projection
offilm. Photo by Carlton Grooms.
Right: Site plan from the roof and third
floor plan courtesy of the architect.

32 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

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florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

kclCON Project kansas city, missouri
Paseo Corridor Constructors/DodStone Group, Tallahassee, Florida

The Missouri Highways and
Transportation Commission selected
Paseo Corridor Constructors as the
design-build contractor for the
Interstate 29/35 corridor improve-
ment project. The $245 million
project features a landmark cable-stay
bridge, to be named the Christopher
S. Bond Missouri River Bridge, and
the upgrading of the interstate to six
lanes. The bridge will remain open
during construction and provide addi-
tional roadway improvements.
A Community Advisory Group
was charged with ensuring that the
bridge met the expectations of the
greater Kansas City area. Bradley C.
Touchstone, AIA (DodStone) and
Patrick Cassity, P.E. (Parsons, USA)
led a community involvement and
aesthetic design process for the
design-build team. The resulting
design was awarded 95% of the
potential points for aesthetics and
opened the door to an entirely new
level of public input for major
bridge projects.
The bridge consists of a two-
span, cable-stayed structure with
multi-girder approach spans. The
cable-stayed main span is 550 feet
with a side span of 451 feet. The
south approach consists of a single
composite steel plate girder span of
110 feet. The north approach con-
sists of a composite steel plate girder
unit with span lengths of 118', 165',
165' and 117' leading up to the
main bridge (see diagram below).
The slender elegant superstructure
comprises a composite steel and con-
crete deck system made of simple pre-
cast deck panels erected on, and made
composite with, two steel plate girders.
The superstructure is supported by 40
stays radiating in a semi-fan arrange-
Renderings by Bradley C. Touchstone, AIA and published courtesy of The DodStone Group.

34 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

kt SothEnd Dent -\

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South End OWI 45a1'-5 39' 1 1 1 Str OD

Sa. 595745 S65+.05 fW55a DO+ 70?,00 ft 72.00 Sh. 74.07,o
K USS cY. Mo Figure 1 evjlaf N5D0RIKSAS r .O

ment from a single reinforced concrete
delta-shaped pylon constructed by the
simple jump forming technique.
This form of cable-stayed bridge is
a well-proven, structural system that
has been adopted worldwide since the
success of the first of its type,
the Annacis Bridge in 1986. The
maintenance demands of the proto-
type Annacis Bridge, over the past 20
years, have been limited to repair of
the expansion joint elements.

Project Credits: Clarkson
Construction Company, Massman
Construction Company, Kiewit
Construction Company: Joint
Venture Partners; Parsons, USA:
Bridge Engineering; TranSystems
Corporation: Approaches and
Roadways; DodStone Group:
Bridge Architecture; Illumination
Arts: Aesthetic Lighting.

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT 35
spring 2008

Florida Atlantic University Food Court boca raton
Gallo Architects & Development Consultants, Inc., Deerfield Beach, Florida

Today's university students are
increasingly sophisticated and they
represent a wide range of ages and
backgrounds. Nowhere is this truer
than in South Florida with its diver-
sity of traditions and cultures. Just
as students demand excellence in
their educational experience, they
demand excellence in their food
choices, whether opting for "food on
the go" or seated dining.
In response to students' culinary
demands, Florida Atlantic University
(FAU) teamed up with Chartwells, a
North Carolina-based food service
company specializing in higher edu-
cation facilities, and retained
Gallo Architects & Development
Consultants, Inc. to design a dining
space that meets the students' needs.
The 20,000-square-foot renova-
tion is based on a program to replace
an existing student cafeteria with a
dining venue that offers a welcoming
environment. This was achieved
through a visual, tactile and experi-
ential collage using both customary
and innovative materials and a vari-
ety of architectural elements. The
result is a new, higher standard for
the day-to-day dining experience in
a collegiate atmosphere. Here stu-
dents can frequent popular eateries

36 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

Floor and ceiling patterns, seating design and a varied color palette distinguish the various dining areas in the
new FAU Food Court. All photos by Myro Rosky, Photographer.

like Wendy's, Quiznos and Mama
Leone without the monotony of typ-
ical fast food dining.
A careful study of circulation pat-
terns and end-use requirements con-
firmed the need for perceptual
boundaries that allow the user to
experience the space's architectural
and building elements with the intro-
duction of walls and other static par-
titions. For instance, the flooring is a
blend of two primary materials,

porcelanato tile and a stained con-
crete pattern, offering durability, a
varied color palette and a design that
distinguishes and delineates areas.
The use of diverse ceiling ele-
ments, including painted clouds,
hard ceiling and ceiling tiles, further
frames the service areas and dining
spaces by creating individual identi-
ties that are highlighted by exposed
ventilation, air-conditioning duct-
work and suspended pendulum

lighting. Light fixtures, ceramic tiles
and a diverse, but unified, color
palette also help define dining choic-
es while facilitating free flow
between spaces. In fact, each con-
cept is a showcase that celebrates its
individual identity with cleanly
designed counters, visible food
preparation areas and illuminated
logo/signage via backlighting or
directional lighting.
Seating design, materials and col-
ors were an integral part of the archi-
tect's vision of creating a space with
distinct yet complimentary atmos-
pheres. The intimate indoor seating
includes booths, tables of varying
shapes and sizes, high back and stan-
dard chairs and counter seating.
Materials and fabrics vary in a strik-
ing color palette. By combining var-
ious seating configurations and fix-
tures, distinct spaces were created
without visual separations.
Outdoor seating was designed
with the same vision of creating a
continuous flow while allowing for
different dining experiences. The
FAU Food Court is open to students
and the general public.

Project Credits: Gallo Architects
& Development Consultants,
Inc.: Architecture and Interior
Design; Henz Engineering: MEP;
Discount Equipment Industries:
Food Service Consultant; JWR
Construction Services, Inc.:

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

Peter & Julie Cummings Library Addition & Renovations martin county
Stephen Boruff, AIA Architects + Planners, Inc., West Palm Beach, Florida

The present library serves a
diverse community and on a regular
basis is used by children, teens and
adults simultaneously. The design of
the facility is based on this diversity.
By segregating and catering to the
different and distinct needs of the
user groups, the design evolved
both vertically and horizontally. The
two-story entry volume serves as the
central communication space pro-
viding access to the addition and the
existing library as well as a visual link
between floors.
The existing library abuts a wet-
land preserve and the design
responds accordingly by situating the
Entry axis, above, which serves as a landmark, and top, entry sequence.

38 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

structure as close to the preserve as
possible. The extensive use of glass
enables the building to relate visually
to the wetlands. Cantilevered por-

tions of the structure, the entry lobby
stair landing and the children's story
area extend over the wetland accentu-
ating the interaction between the

building and its environment with-
out disrupting the natural habitat.
To further ease the building into
the environment, the selection of
color both inside and out, reflects
the colors of nature. Green was used
predominantly along with natural
wood for the floors and built-in fur-
nishings. Without duplicating the
architecture of the existing library,
the addition is sensitive to it by selec-
tively tying the existing and new
together with a sloping metal roof
that acts as the linear termination of
the addition.
The addition and renovation totals
21,504 square feet. Completion of
the $3 million project is expected this
year. The Palm Beach Chapter of the
AIA awarded the project an Honor
Award for Design in 2007.

Top, view from the southeast showing cantilevered circulation and activity areas. Below, view of west elevation
and northwest corner.

. ,..
. . .-._ ... ,.-,

-. ."-

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

Viewpoint / Tom Lewis, FAIA, JD

AIA Florida has graciously invit-
ed me to author a column that
will appear in Florida/Caribbean
Architect magazine with some degree
of regularity. You, the reader, will
help determine how often the col-
umn appears once you decide how
relevant or important the subject
matter is to your architectural prac-
tice. I need your feedback and I
hope you will provide it.
The lawyer's role on an architec-
tural team is a subject that has been of
interest to me for over 30 years. That
interest began when I was drawn into
a major, visible and controversial mal-
practice suit rather early in my career.
At the time, my architectural practice
was quite young and although the
party at fault was neither me nor my
firm, I was brought into the fray in the
spirit of suing everyone possible, i.e., a
lawyer's rule of thumb. A Deputy
Sheriff came to my home to serve the
pleadings, followed by a local news
reporter. For some reason, the local
media liked using my name in its lead
even though I wasn't the major player,
which seems to be one of the down-
sides of having a public client. It was
a tense, often frustrating, year that
resulted in a settlement that was sealed
to maintain confidentiality. Thank
goodness I had good malpractice
insurance and during my remaining

years in practice, I never again com-
plained about the premium.
My deep interest in the impor-
tant role that lawyers play in the
architectural process continued as I
assumed government positions and
saw firsthand the responsibility and
influence lawyers have in the day-to-
day business operation. A large per-
centage of members of the
Legislature, who write and imple-
ment laws affecting the architectural
profession, are attorneys. It is rare

most recent influence on my thinking,
however, has come from my pursuit of
a Juris Doctor degree. I graduated
December 2007 from the Florida
State University College of Law. As I
write this I am spending 12+ hours a
day preparing to take the Florida Bar
Exam in February. Thus, I am not yet
a lawyer and must use care in what I
write here. Hopefully, the next time I
write, I will have passed that unique,
onerous exam and can properly
expound on many more subjects.

Contract review has historically been the lawyer's most impor-
tant role in the architectural process. In the past, clients' claims
against architects were often limited to breach of contract,
unlike medical malpractice, for example, which is usually
framed around the tort of negligence. Judicial decisions have
somewhat changed the range of legal theories available against
architects, and today many savvy plaintiff' lawyers are filing
both contract and negligence claims against architects. Thus, in
today's litigation climate, tort related legal advice may be as
valuable to the architect as contract review work.

indeed that the profession is so for-
tunate as to have an architect like
Charles W Clary, III, FAIA, in the
Legislature and it's one of the main
reasons that architects must be
engaged in the political process at
the local, state and federal level. This
is a subject that I plan to write more
about in the future.
For several years, I worked as a
real estate development executive with
the Walt Disney Company, a position
that brought me into direct contact
with great architects like Philip
Johnson and Charles Moore. It fre-
quently surprised me that when cir-
cumstances arose that needed han-
dling by the architect's attorney, there
was no attorney on the team. The

Unfortunately, my personal expe-
rience as both an architect and a
businessman has demonstrated that
most of us are prone to avoid
lawyers, seeing them as obstruction-
ists whose job it is to figure out 100
different ways that something can-
not be done. Lawyers seem to be
entrenched in the world of "what if?"
What if the proposal you are about
to make for a huge fee results in a
default by that "trustworthy" client?
What if the employee you are hiring
and relocating to an office across the
country leaves shortly after arriving?
What I've learned in law school, as
well as in the "college of hard
knocks," is the obstructionist charac-
teristic is actually an expression of the

40 florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

lawyer's responsibility to protect the
client from any and all circumstances
that might arise. I have also learned,
unfortunately, that most of us don't
call for a lawyer until we realize we
need one and by then, it's often too
late. Minimizing the risk to ourselves
and our practices and avoiding mal-
practice liability are two major con-
cerns to architects. As a member of
the team, a lawyer can help ensure
that those concerns are addressed.
Communicating with lawyers
can be challenging, to say the least.
The terminology, Tort, Strict Liability,
Res Ipsa Loquitur, Statute of Limitations,
estoppel (equitable or promissory)
and so on are very confusing words
to most non-lawyers. My hope is
that my writings will keep you
informed about the latest legal hap-
penings that affect our profession.
Often, this information will be

based on situations occurring in
Florida and, when appropriate, on
actions by the Florida Legislature. I
will try hard not to leave the reader
with innocuous or unexplained
terms and I want this to be an inter-
active experience for everyone. I
expect, and will seek, your input,
questions and comments and I will
use them in a way that benefits all of
us. And, on a final note, I won't be
giving legal advice even after I pass
the Florida Bar Exam!

Tom Lewis, FAIA, JD, is a Special
Consultant with the law firm of
Pennington, Moore, Wilkinson, Bell
and Dunbar, PA, in Tallahassee. He
is the former Secretary of the
Florida Department of Management
Services and was presented with a
2006 President's Award and the

2007 Charles Clary Award for
Public Service, from AIA Florida,
in recognition of his work there.
His state government experience
includes having served as Assistant
Secretary of the Florida Department
of Transportation and as Secretary of
the Florida Department of
Community Affairs. He also served
as a vice president of Walt Disney
Imagineering and was instrumental
in Disney's development of the
Town of Celebration. He may be
reached at 850-222-3533 or


2203 N. Lois Avenue, Suite 900
Tampa, Florida 33607
Phone: 813.873.8384
Cell: 813.361.9392
Fax: 813.873.1484
Email: info@nolenins.com

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

RiskMangemet Slutins or he Dsig Proessona



300-B Sunshine Road OFF: 561-792-7188
West Palm Beach, FL 33411 FAX: 561-792-7522


Categorical Index to Advertisers

D em ilec ........................ 2
Architectural Millwork
Woodmode Fine Custom Cabinetry .OBC
Architectural Products
Florida Wood Council .............. .4
Architectural References
International Code Council ..........42
Architectural Staffing
ArchiPro Staff Agency, Inc. ...........12
Bush Ross, PA. .................. 12
AutoCADD Software
Digital Drafting Systems ............. 41

Building Codes
International Code Council .......... 42
Woodmode Fine Custom Cabinetry .OBC
Digital Drafting Systems .............41
CADD Services
Digital Drafting Systems .............41
Cast Stone
South Florida Masonry .............. 41
Continuing Education
NCARB (National Council of Architecture
Registration Boards) ............. 43


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Real Stone & Granite ............... 43
Cultured Stone
South Florida Masonry .............. 41
Decorative Stone
Real Stone & Granite .............. .43
Design Parking & Mixed Use
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .8
Custom Window Systems, Inc ........ 19
Educational Opportunities
NCARB (National Council of Architecture
Registration Boards) ............. 43
Employment Services
ArchiPro Staff Agency, Inc ........... 12
Engineering Parking & Mixed Use
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .8
Entry Doors
Architectural Windows & Cabinets .20-21
Clear Choice Windows & Doors .... 20-21
E.E San Juan, Inc. ............... 20-21
HBS, Inc. .................... 20-21
S&P Architectural Products ....... .20-21
S&S Craftsmen, Inc. ............. 20-21
Environmental Consultants
Wood+Partners Inc. ............... .12
Finishes/Ceramic Tile
Custom Building Products ........... 12
Real Stone & Granite ............... 43
General Contractors
Creative Contractors ................18

ExrerSoftware forl Engineersa fr tets

YWind Loads on Structu Q
J Computes wind loads on all stuctu w n
Section of ASCE7 \ '
- *- -'-. ---
jjRd l 6o~on as 205 ,. ,,
^ Hciulatici SCE 7 wind loads are ts.ulng forces
Sa wl(as IBC 1805.7.2 drilled foundation for
u ue r- i designed signs or walls

Biasi Resistant Glazing Design 20A
Design glasu Iltes to rest usertspe clfiod, !J7
S.- explosiye threats according to AST F 2248 J

i\iIIndow Glass Design 2004.
Performs all calculations required for glass -
design according to ASTM E 1.300

5 t Standards Design Group, Inc
21s2 ee Sre~ U "bodXt I 75 423 80 0-356-s5
um erdr~~~reQn -fOrf oes~Dn

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008





"Sustainability" is one of the
biggest buzzwords in the field
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Sustainable Design II
Muscoe Martin,AIA, LEED
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138 Pages/12 PDUs
NCARB Record holders: $175
Regular Price: $275
All U.S. jurisdictions accept NCARB
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Order Sustainable Design II
by visiting the NCARB web
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12 PDUs in health, safety,
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National Council ofArchitectural
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1801 K Street, NW, Suite 700K
Washington, DC 20006

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

Glass Block
South Florida Masonry .............. 41
Hurricane Protection
W inDoor, Inc. .................. 33
Hurricane Resistant Windows & Doors
Windoworld Industries, Inc ............ 3
Hurricane Solutions
Architectural Windows & Cabinets .20-21
Clear Choice Windows & Doors .... 20-21
E.E San Juan, Inc. ............... 20-21
HBS, Inc. ................... 20-21
S&P Architectural Products ....... .20-21
S&S Craftsmen, Inc. ............. 20-21
Impact Windows
Windoworld Industries, Inc ............ 3
Demilec ..........................2
Collinsworth Alter Fowler Dowling &
French Group ................. 33
Lykes Insurance, Inc............... 19
Nolen Insurance Services ............ 41
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. ..... IFC
Woodmode Fine Custom Cabinetry .OBC
Wood+Partners Inc. .............. 12

Legal Services
Bush Ross, PA. .................. 12
Marvin Windows & Doors
Window Classics Corporation ....... IBC
Master Planning Parking
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .8
Parking Planning & Design
Tim Haahs & Associates ............. .8
Porch Enclosures
Custom Window Systems, Inc ........ 19
Professional Liability
Collinsworth Alter Fowler Dowling &
French Group ................... 33
Lykes Insurance, Inc................. 19
Nolen Insurance Services ............ 41
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. ... .IFC
Propane Gas
Florida Propane Gas Association ....... .8
Risk Management
Lykes Insurance, Inc................. 19
Nolen Insurance Services ............ 41
Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc ... IFC
Sliding Glass Doors
W inDoor, Inc. ................... 33
Standards Design Group, Inc ......... 42
Staffing Services
ArchiPro Staff Agency, Inc ........... 12

Alphabetical Index to Advertisers

ArchiPro Staff Agency, Inc. ..... www.archipro.com ..........12
Architectural Windows
& Cabinets .................................... 20-21
Bush Ross, PA. ............. .www.bushross.com .......... 12
Clear Choice Windows & Doors ...................... 20-21
Collinsworth Alter Fowler
Dowling & French Group .......................... .33
Creative Contractors ......... .www.creativecontractors.com .18
Custom Building Products .... www.custombuildingproducts.com .12
Custom Window Systems, Inc. ..www.cws.cc ................ 19
Demilec ................. www.sealection500.com .......2
Digital Drafting Systems ...... www.ddscad.com ........... 41
E.F San Juan, Inc. ................................. 20-21
Florida Wood Council ....... .www.fbma.org ............... 4
Florida Propane Gas Association .www.propanefl.com ......... .8
HBS, Inc. ................ ..................... .20-21
International Code Council . .www.iccsafe.org ............ 42
Lykes Insurance, Inc. ................... .............19

Structural Products
Florida Wood Council .............. .4
Custom Building Products ........... 12
Tile Setting Materials
Custom Building Products ........... 12
Urban Planners
Wood+Partners Inc. ............... 12
Window Glass Design (ASTME 1300)
Standards Design Group, Inc ......... 42
Window Loads (ASCE7)
Standards Design Group, Inc ......... 42
Custom Window Systems, Inc ........ 19
Windows & Doors
Architectural Windows & Cabinets .20-21
Clear Choice Windows & Doors ... .20-21
E.F San Juan, Inc. ............... 20-21
HBS, Inc. ................... 20-21
S&P Architectural Products ....... .20-21
S&S Craftsmen, Inc. ............. 20-21
W inDoor, Inc. .................. 33
Window Classics Corporation ....... IBC
Windoworld Industries, Inc............ 3
Florida Wood Council .............. .4

NCARB (National Council of
Architecture Registration Boards) .www.ncarb.org ............. 43
Nolen Insurance Services ..... www.nolenins.com .......... 41
Real Stone & Granite ........ .www.granitops.com .......... 43
S&P Architectural Products ......................... 20-21
S&S Craftsmen, Inc. ............................ 20-21
South Florida Masonry ....... .www.sfmcaststone.com ....... 41
Standards Design Group, Inc. ... .www.standardsdesign.com .... 42
Suncoast Insurance
Associates, Inc. ............ www.suncoastins.com ....... IFC
Tim Haahs & Associates ...... www.timhaahs.com .......... .8
WinDoor, Inc. ........... .. .www.windoorinc.com ........ 33
Window Classics Corporation .www.windowclassics.com .... .IBC
Windoworld Industries, Inc ... www.windoworld.com ........ .3
Wood+Partners Inc. ......... .www.woodandpartners.com ... 12
Woodmode Fine Custom
Cabinetry ............... .www.woodmode.com ..... OBC

florida / caribbean ARCHITECT
spring 2008

re's Your AdP
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