Group Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: FloridaCaribbean architect
Alternate Title: Florida Caribbean architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Publisher: Dawson Publications,
Dawson Publications
Place of Publication: Timonium Md
Publication Date: Spring 1998
Copyright Date: 1997
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 44, no. 1 (spring 1997)-
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Issues have also theme titles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004635
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5904
ltuf - ACJ1464
oclc - 36846561
lccn - sn 97052000
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida architect

Full Text

Spring 1998 Vol. 45. No.1
CTesthaven Elementary
School, Pompano Beach,
Photogmph: Dan FaTer


Florida Schools: Models and Solutions
Shaping Spaces for Learning Singer ATchilects' C1'esthaven Elementary School, Pompano Beach, was designed as a PTototype uTban school, secure and neighborhood-friendly, 6
Teaching Sustain ability by Example Spacecoast A1'chitects, PA. illustmted a coloring book to teach the students at Ascension Catholic School, Melbou1ne, about the envir-onmentally friendly architectuml j eatures oj thei1' new addi tion, 8
A Lasting Image for a New Campus ACAl Associates built an entire Health PTOjessions Division Campus jor NovaSoutheastern Univer'sity, Davie, in Tecord tim e, Its "gmen" design and practical pTOgmmmingJOT all jive colleges have won praisejr-01n all concerned, 10
Contemporary Complex Respects History and Culture For-the Escuela de Bellas Artes de Cat-olina (CaTOlina Fine A1"tS School), Car-olina, Puerto Rico, Davis, Fuster ATquitectos created a placejo1-contempom1'Y young aTtists to fioUti sh in am envir'onment that TeveTes cultural tmditions, 12
Updating a Landmark High School Randa,ll E, Thron, AlA, desc1i bes the pTocess used by BRPH Ar'chi tects-Enginem's, local Tesiclents, and the local school bOa?"d that led to their' extensvve r-enovation-construction pToject at Melbourne High School, Melbourne, 14
Fresh Designs, Sensible Costs SCHENKELSHULTZ ATchitects shows ojjits new Celebmtion School, Osceola County, and sever-al models ojits PTOtotype school designs, including Highlands Elmnentary School, Smninole County; DiscoveTY Middle School, Omnge County; and Winter' Sp1'i ngs High School, Seminole County, 16

Editorial 3 News 4 Viewpoint 20
By Meade CollinswoTth, CPc u
Index to Advertisers 25

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Florida Association of the American Institute ofArchitects 104 East Jefferson Street Tallahassee, Florida 32301
Editorial Board John Totty, AlA, Chainnan John Howey, FAlA
Karl Thome, AlA
President Roy Knight, FAlA
Vice PresidentiPresidentelect Debra Lupton, AlA
Secretarytrreasurer Vivian Salaga, AlA
Past President John R. Cochran, Jr., AlA
Senior Regional Director John P. Tice, Jr., AlA
Regional Director Angel Saqui, FAlA
Vice President, Professional Development William Bishop, AlA
Vice President, Legislative and Regulatory Affairs Keith Bailey, AlA
Vice President, Communications Miguel A. (Mike) Roruiguez, AlA
Executive Vice President
F. Scott Shalley
Managing Editor Cathi Lees
Editor Margaret Barlow
Published by Dawson Publications, Inc. 2236 Greenspring Drive Timonium, Maryland 21093
(410) 5605600 (800) 3223448 Fax: (410) 5605601
Publisher Denise Rolph
Sales Manager Dave Patrick
Layout & Design ArnyKing
F7.oridaJCo,ribbean.Archilect, Official Journal of the Fiorida Association of the American lnstitute of Architects. is owned by the Association, a Florida Corporation, not for profit. ISSN-OO I()' 3907. It is published four times a year and disoibuted through the Executive Office of U,e AssOCiation, 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahassee, Florida 32301. Telephone 9041222-1590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of AlA Florida. Editorial material may be reprinted onJy with the express
permission of F7.oridalCan:bbean A1"chilect.
Single copies, $6.00; annual subscription, $19.26. Third class postage
lorida has a severe shortage of schools. The FIOlida Depart

ment of Education has reported that by the year 2000, 394 new schools will be needed. The estimated cost stands at $3.5 bil lion. Growth in population, deterioration of existing schools, and neglect have created nothing short of a crisis. The special session of the legislature last fall took up the school crisis and with un usual detennination set about the business ofcorrecting the prob lem. The Legislature came up with a solution; $2.6 billion and a
"Soundly Made, Accountable, Reasonable and Thrifty" or "SMART" Schools Clearinghouse. Additionally, the School Infrastructure Thrift Program, is in tended to provide incentive to school districts to build schools economically and functionally. My comment: our money should be spent only for smart schools, and they won't be very smart if they do not provide useful, sustain able, beautiful space. In the words of the 'Grandma,' with characteristic south Georgia accent who advertised for a dealer on Tallallassee TV several years ago, "Don't you buy no ugly truck!"
How will Florida's school crisis be solved? I believe the best ideas will be provided by our state's architects, those who are capable of examining the very idea of the school critically. Leading the pack will be those architects who can work outside the conventional packaging that has been replicated over this state for the past decade and more, those architects who can realize econo mies in construction and energy use while managing to avoid the 'one size fits all' miridlessness that abounds in our knee jerk 'save money' environment. All the new schools can be smart, if we put capable architects in charge and make the proper upfront investment in good thinking about what should be built.
The seeds of a bright future for schools in Florida are to be found in the pages of this magazine. In the corning rush to build, we must not forget that the places we create must delight in every way. Our schools must always lovingly nurture our precious young people as they grow and learn. The excellent archi tects whose work is illustrated here help us see that there is a vast array of possibilities for schools. Many more examples abound than could be included in one issue. I hope we will be able to publish more, perhaps in a regular annual issue, as Florida's architects continue to design outstanding schools.
Roy F. Knight, FAIA President, AIAlFlorida

Florida/Cmibbean A?-chitect serves the profession by providing current information on design, practice management,
technology, environment, energy, preservation and development of communities, construction, finance, economi s, as
well as other political, social, and cultural issues that impact the field.


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Shaping Spaces for Learning
Cresthaven Elementary School Pompano Beach, Florida Singer Architects
s new school.s re~lace old ones, new pnonties m education swface. Buildings that were safe, healthy learning environments for 30 or 40 years are now obsolete. As with the old Cresthaven Elementary School-a rambling 1950s structure without security provisions, air conditioning, or the capacity to accommodate expanding technology-they becanle overcrowded and sorely outdated.
Design and construction of a replacement for urban Cresthaven offered Singer Architects several challenges, but one in particular stood out: The old school had to remain operational lmtil the new facility opened. Placement of the construction into an occupied site thus becanle a major factor in the planning and design.
Secwity, one of the client's (and today's) preeminent concerns, was achieved by conceiving the new facility as a protected enclosure. Two two-story classroom buildings face one another across a courtyard space, joined at one end by the cafeteriaJauditoriwn and at the other by the media center. Located symbolically in the heart of the courtyard is the guidance center.
Control was achieved by enabling observation of all public areas of the building, and by providing a single entry point. Students, staff, and visitors entering through the large, welcoming, gathering space must pass the administration suite and move toward the guidance facility. Multiple points of exit are accessible in cases of emergency. The design has been cited as an exemplary use of CPTED (Crime Preven-

tion Through Environmental Design) principles.
Withln the two 5,000 sf courtyards are hard-and softsurface areas for learning and playing. The circular top of a geometric totem pole rises above the school as a locator device. All corridors are articulated by openings of corresponding basic geometdc shapes that help the children identify the levels of the school ( on the second floor, on the first).
Designed as a prototype, Cresthaven's 82,000 sffacility, accommodates 776 students, but the plan is flexible. In another setting, it can be nimmed down for 680 students, for example, by removing a block of fow' classrooms, or modified by the addition ofvadous special education options. Poured-inplace floors and open web steel roof joists rest on masoruy bealing walls. Operable aluminum window systems provide fenestration, and the roofing is a bituminous built-up system flashed to a parapet. A main chiller plant serving fan coil units in each classroom provides continual air conn'o!.
Singer wanted the school to stand out in its location, a largely industlial area surrounded on tlu'ee sides by monotonous, mostly white warehouses. The architect's initial concept that the extelior stucco be red was endorsed enthusiastically by the plincipal but overthrown at a neighborhood meeting, which ended with the "compromise" color of pink.
Architect Don Singer, FAlA, finds that compliments often come from une:l>.'pe ted place When Cresthaven opened, he presented the principal ("still a happy person," say Singer) with a framed photograph of the school. Later, he was approached by the head custodian who asked, "Could I get a copy of that photo? I'm real proud of this place." .:.
Singer Architects

Principal in charge:
Donald Singer, FAIA

Landscape Architect:
Stresau Smith & Stresau,

Structural Engineer:
Donnell & Duquesne
Civil Engineer:
Flynn Engineering
Services, P.A.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Stolley and Associates
General Contractor:
ICA Construction Corp.
School Board of Broward

Larye windows open onto the unifying courtyards and provide
Photog'mph: Ed Zealy ventilation on cool days. Photograph: Dan Fore?'

nOlth/south windows only, shading devices to help diffuse and direct light yet bling in indirect light, a 140-foot translucent hallway skylight that also lights classrooms by way of interior clerestory windows, and location of classrooms and offices at window walls. Thick concrete walls and roof and extensive wall and roof-deck insulation were used to produce a them1a1 lag, or flywheel effect-for example, absorbing the sun's heat in winter and slowly releasing it into the surrounding space to maintain a more constant temperature. Classroom windows open at angles that promote movement of fresh air on cool days. Light fixtures contain three bulbs, and light switches allow for latitude in electric lighting to supplement daylighting: from no artificial light on bright days to partial or full bulb use on gloomy days or at night.
Central to the energy savings is a new computercontrolled chilled water thermal storage system (which
Spacecoast Architects,

Principal in charge:
Lawrence Maxwell, AlA
Production Director:
Jeffrey Phillips
Structural Engineer:
Frazier Engineering, Inc.
Civil Engineer:
Frazier Engineering, Inc.
Sklow & Runkel
Consulting Engineers
General Contractor:
Clancey & Theys
Construction Company,
will also cool the old school, chluch, and parish hall). Installation of an ice storage system to shift the peak energy load was a major factor, and, in tum, the FP&L rebate will pay for the ice tanks. For the months when air conditioning is needed, ten 1,600-gallon tanks store ice made dUling electrical utility off-peak times that is then used for cooling during on-peak school hours.
Creation of light, bright, comfortable school conditions seems to benefit student and staff performance as well as the environment. Students, teachers, and administrators look forward to school in their bright and airy classrooms. What the principal describes as "the glorious light" that fills the interior "will only help to increase students desire to attend school and enhance the potential for learning." Additionally, savings from the energy efficiency of the building will be used to increase teacher salaries and educational programs :.

A 140'Kal-wall Skylight with light apffftuTes b1-ings diffused light into second-floor-classrooms. Photogmph: John Ande1"Son

Catholic Diocese
Building oTientation was the key factor-f01"' the pta,cement ofthe south-jacing windows and shading
of Orlando
devices. Photogmph: John Ander'son

Mechanical systems Uu'oughout were designed with an eye toward maxirmull energy efficiency, including a watel~ cooled chiller pump system with air handling equjpment in each building. A computelized energy management system controls temperatmes in each designated zone, and, where practical, entry-controlled automated light switching systems have been installed.
At the Campus Dedication, Dr. Terry recogruzed the extraordinary accomplislullent of ACAl Associates. "Ours is one of the largest single campuses ever built from scratch," the Chancellor said, "and it was built to the design of the people who utilize the facilities." .:.
ACAI Associates
Principal in charge:
Adolfo J. Cotilla, Jr., AlA
Project Team:
Alice R. Shapiro, RA; Claudia Munroe; Guillermo VanRell; Ruth
C. Goebel, COT, CSI; Andres Ramos; Lasanne Jones; David Pollio
Programming/ Educational Planning/ Interiors:
ACAI Associates
Landscape Architect:
Jeffrey L. Seigel
Structural Engineer:
Jenkins & Charland, Inc.
Civil Engineer:
DeRose & Siopey
Mechanical/Electrical/ Plumbing Engineer:
Bard Rao + Athanas Consulting Engineers
Acoustical Consultant:
Bertram Y. Kinzey, Jr. General Contractor: Miller & Solomon


Clay tile PO.lJe1S accent~/ate curving lin s ofa rt school gall ly; studioiclass1'00ms aTe at left. Photograph: Nathaniel Fuste1'Feli.l:
theater functions and adjoins the new 500-seat theater CD), New opposing fan-shaped structures house the art (E) and music (F) departments. For art studios, the shape maximizes natw'aJ light and ventilation; for music studios, this shape responds well to acoustical considerations and presented an opportunity to create an adjoining patio that doubles as an an1phitheater. The old accessory building is a pleasant cafe-cafeteria (G).
Every space, whether open or enclosed, relates to its inUl1ediate surroundings and contributes to maximizing natural lighting and ventilation. Patios and plazas were established throughout the sprawling campus, reminiscent of the mix of indoor-outdoor spaces of Old San Juan. These traditional open spaces are important, whether as a functional complement to an adjacent building, like the amphitheater or patios for each art clas room, as a green space to rest one's eye, or as the Administration building' central courtyard, accessed by a graceful staircase and enhanced with a fountain.
Reinforced concrete, the area's most popuJar, practical, and inexpensive construction material, formed the basis of construction. Metal roofs, too, are in keeping with the local vernacular styles, as are the ornamental ironwork details and polished and bushhammered concrete and clay tiles used for finishing.
The school will serve about 900 students from the Municipality of Carolina, offering extracurricular credits in fine ruts. The students, who attend other schools in the area for their basic curriculum, generally come to the Fine Arts School in the afternoons. Plans currently include allowing the facility to be used at other times as a conul1unity center for the arts. :.
Davis, Fuster Arquitectos

Principals in charge:
J.R. Coleman-Davis
Pagan, AlA, and
Nathaniel Fuster-Felix

Project Architect:
Nathaniel Fuster-Felix

Structural Engineer:
Molina, Garcia & Assoc.

Civil/Site Engineer:
ESP Design Group
Mechanical/Electrical Engineers:
Rafael Amaral &
Raymond Amaral
Theater Systems & Acoustics:
Paul Sirkle & Assoc.

General Contractor:
3/0 Construction SE

Construction Inspection:
Jose Francisco Quinones
Municipality of Carolina,
Jose Aponte-De la Torre,

brick facade. Phase One was completed in 12 months with occupancy in January 1997.
Phase Two included construction of two new facilities. Building 1, with 45,151 sf on two floors, contains administrative offices and classroom space for 440 students and establishes a bold new look for the main entrance. Building 9 contains 37,620 sf of vocational classrooms and shop space for for 344 students.
Landscaped courtyards serve as central meeting places for students. For the renovated structures requiring new roofs, light-gauge metal fran1ing and a metal roofing system were used to match the roofing architecture of the new buildings. While
the original campus originally had three areas for bus loading and unloading, BRPH created a single loading site for 38 buses, which effectively addressed student safety and security issues. Phase Two was completed in December 1997 for a cost of $10 million.
Improvements went beyond "brick and mortar" construction. It has become increasingly important to include costeffective retrofit solutions to schools that provide integrated telecommunication systems. The Mel High can1pus has been fully equipped to integrate telephone, intercom, television, media retIieval, computer network, fire alarm, security and HVAC controls to fOlTI1 a series of parallel paths of communication. No longer suffering from educational obsolescence, the new, superbly functional, student-and teacher-friendly Melbourne High School campus once again stands as a monument to education excellence :.
RandallE. ThTon, AlA, is Senior Vice-PTesident and DiTector of Operations atBRPHATchitectsEngineeTs, Inc. The f irm has const1-ucted mOTe t/mn 55 new
chools and has renovated oveT 250 statewide.
BRPH ArchitectsEngineers Principal in charge: Randall E. Thron, AlA Chief Engineer:
Max E. Snider, P.E., BRPH Sbvctural/CiviV Mechanical and Electrical Engineer:
BRPH Architects
Engineers Construction Management:
Brown & Root Building Co. Landscape Architect: Edward J. Haeck, ASLA O.wner: School Board of Brevard County


Highland Elementary School. Hem (as well as in the one-story school plan) the open lobbylTeception area serves as a gallery space.
Photogmph: Rich Franco
One such prototype was used most recently for Highlands Elementary School in Seminole COlmty. The two story, 121,000 sf facility is exceptionally cost-effective at just $65/sf. The plan also is being used in Duval, Charlotte, and Orange counties. Merits of the design include flexibility in customizing interior spaces, security, and simple construction methods. Although a one-story version of the plan is also available, with rising real estate costs and land-locked sites, the compact single structme offers optimum site utilization.
Discovery Middle School represents the seventh implementation of a prototype that has been used successfully elsewhere in Orange and in Mattin County. Conceived as an "educational village," with shingled roofed buildings smrounding a "town square," the 159,000 sf plan offers security through placement of the public access areas on just one side of the centralized courtyat'd. Orange County's use of a flrst-rate construction management team for tlle school yielded not only a facility of the highest quality construction and dmability but shared cost savings.
J. Thomas Chandler, AlA, flrm Senior Vice President and a member of the Florida Public School Construction Study Commission, knows what kinds of facilities are needed to accommodate the state's expanding technology and population. "The design and the quality of construction of Discovery Middle School," says Chandler, "is an example of a standatd that we must accomplish and even improve upon as we progress with the implementation and collaborative approach to educational facilities that will last well into the 21st century."
At Winter Springs High School, Seminole County, the facility planning team wanted a multifunctional facility that would take them into the next centwy. The simple design of the 360,000 sf, $33.5 mill.ion high school-it is easy to wlderstand, circulate around, maintain, and add on to-was uncomplicated to build, meaning effective use of construction funds. Public spaces, including the Sports Complex, Media Center and Performing Arts Center flank tl1e main Administration Building. Academic clusters housing classrooms and labs were designed to promote growth, flexibility, and sensible use of space. For example, classrooms wrap the outside edge of the clusters, offering views and operable windows, while in the labs, tl1e intensive casework for storage is in the center of the clusters instead of using perinleter wall space. The prototype has been adopted for use in Collier, Manatee, and Brevard counties, too.
A different approach was called for in designing Osceola
ounty' Celebration School. The goal was to create a stateof-the-art facility with the old-fashioned look and hometown feel of the town of Celebration. The school is divided into ten "neighborhoods," creating a flexible teaching environment of variously sized interconnected spaces-spaces for quiet
Continued on page 18.

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Buyers' Guide
Lumber Trus Joist MacMillan (91-28) .................... 27
Marvin Wrndows & Doors Window Classics Corp. (91-26) ........... ..... 27
Merc Adhesives & Sealants RCD Corp. (91-19) ....................................... 5
Metal Roofing A1wninum Service, Inc. (91-10) ............ IBC MoldlMildew -Control & Removal Tasso Wallcove11ng (91-24) ............... .. OBC
Natural Gas Florida Natural Gas Association (91-15) .............................. IFC
Photography Chroma Inc./George Cott (91-11) .............................. ......................... 26

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Professional Liability CoUinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler & Dowling, Inc. (91-12) ............. 21 Seitlin Risk Management & Insurance (91-23) ................................. 28 Suncoast Insurance Associates, Inc. (91-23) ........................... 28
Roof -Tile Masterpiece Tile Company (91-18) ......... 21
Roofs/Artificial Thatch TropicTop (91-25) ........................................ 5
Store Fronts EFCO Corporation (91-14) ......................... 5
Textured Wall Systems Tasso Wallcovering (91-24) ................. OBC
Wallcovering Tasso Wallcove1ing (91-24) ................. OBC
Windows EFCO Corporation (91-14) ................. ........ 5
Windows & Doors Architectural Wi.ndows
& Cabinets (91-29) ....................... 22-23,24 HBS Inc. (91-29) ............................ 22-23, 24 NorDec lntem ational (91-29) ...... 22-23,24 Palm City MW (91-29) ................... 22-23, 24 Ricketson Sash & Door Co. (91-21) ........ 19 S & P Architectural
Products Inc. (91-29) .................. 22-23,24
S & S Craftsmen Inc. (91-29) ........ 22-23,24
Weather Shield (91-29) ................. 22-23,24
Window Classics Corp. (91-26) ........ ........ 27

Wood Windows & Doors Ricketson Sash & Door Co. (91-21) ........ 19
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Architectural Aluminum Dittmer Architectural Aluminum (91-13) ....................................................... 21
Architectural Photography Chroma lnc./George Cott (91-11) ............ 26
Artificial Thatched Roofs Tropic Top (91-25) ....................................... 5
Building Materials Trus Joist MacMillan (91-28) ................... 27
Building Products Aluminum Selvice, Inc. (91-10) ............ IBC
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Construction Manuals The Florida Wood Council (91-16) .......... 25
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& Cabinets (91-29) ....................... 22-23, 24 HBS Inc. (91-29) ............................ 22-23,24 Nor-Dec International (91-29) ...... 22-23,24 Palm ity MW (91-29) ................... 22-23, 24 S & P Architectural Products
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Cons ulting Engineers Schirmer Engineering Corporation (91-28) ................................ 19
Cons ulting/Windows & Doors -Dade County Approval Architectural Windows
& Cabinets (91-29) ....................... 22-23, 24 HBS Inc. (91-29) ............................ 22-23, 24 Nor-Dec International (91-29) ...... 22-23, 24 Palm City MW (91-29) ....... ............ 22-23,24 S & P Architectural
Products Inc. (91-29) .................. 22-23,24
S & S Craftsmen Inc. (91-29) ........ 22-23,24
Weather Shield (91-29) ................. 22-23,24

Copper Products Revere Copper Products (91-20) ............. 19
Curtain Walls EFCO Corporation (91-14) ......................... 5
Doors & Windows Window Classics Corp. (91-26) ................ 27
Duct Work Accessories RCD Corp. (91-19) ....................................... 5

Energy Technology HVAC Florida Natural Gas FIOl;da Natural Gas Association (91-15) ......................... ..... IFC Association (91-15) .................. ............ lFC
HVAC Adhesives & Sealants
Engineered Lumbe r
RCD Corp. (91-19) ....................................... 5

Trus Joist MacMillan (91-28) .................... 27

Ins urance Fire Protection Engineers Collinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Schirmer Engineering Fowler & Dowling, Inc. (91-12) ............. 21
Corporation (91-28) ................................ 19 Seitlin Risk Management

& Insurance (91-23) .......... ....................... 28 Glass Blocks Suncoast Insurance Glass Masonry (91-17) .............................. 21 Associates, Inc. (91-23) ............... ........... 28

By closely matching the resistance of the wood building system to wind loads found in the Standard Building Code, the Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas makes it easier to design, build and inspect single story wood frame structures. And for multiple story homes, you can now use the Wood Frame Constrvcfion Manual. Both documents have been accepted by the State of Florida as alternative methods for achieving compliance with section 1606 of the
1994 Standard Building Code.
For flexibility, speed and beauty, build out of wood.
For information about the Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas, the Wood Frame Constrvction Manual and seminars on their use; or, to obtain a copy of either, contact the Florida Wood Council at
(407) 275-3430.
"It's a better way to build single story homes! Out of wood: using the Guide to Wood Construction in High Wind Areas."
Charles W hitf,eld of Whitf,eld Cons/ruction Home Budder. Framm9 Con/roclor and Mosler Corpenler

Ronda Wood Council M~mbr' 1'lI

The Guide to Wood Frame Construction in High Wind Areas was developed by the High Wind Project: a collaboration of the American Forest ond Poper Association. APA The Engineered Wood Association. Canadion Wood Council. Florida Wood Council. Southern Forest Products Association ond the Western Wood Products Association

Florida Has A
Hot Way Of
I(eeping Cool
In The Summer.

The Capital Circle Office Center in Tallahassee is a mammoth complex with 750,000 square-feet of office space. During the planning stages, the State of Florida had to choose a cool ing system-a system that wou ld keep 2,100 state emp loyees coo l and comfortable at a low operating cost.
State engineers studied many options
and chose high-efficiency natural gas-fired absorption chillers. The absorption units provide a coo l, stab le environment for the employees and desirable conditions for sensitive
office equipment.
Natural gas coo ling. It's the cost effective way to cool and dehumidify commercial and residential
850-681-0496 e-mail:

Board of Directors
Rep. Ann Mackenzie (D) talks with AlA Florida EVP Scott Shalley.
The AIA Florida Board of Directors met in January in Tallahassee for the aJUmal Leadership Summit and winter board meeting. Over 50 architects from Florida were in attendance. 1998 President, Roy Knight, FAIA, outlined an anlbitious agenda for the new year. The Board kicked off a comprehensive grassroots legislative network of "Champion Architects." It also voted to approve the 1998 operating budget.
The week included two legislative receptions hosted by AIA Headquarters which provided members the opportunity to speak with Education Conunissioner Frank Brogan as well as key members of the House and Senate. The Board hosted a luncheon which featured an update from Senators Katherine Harris and Charles Clary.
Chapter Pullara Awards
Jacki McNicholas, AlA, emcees AlA O?lando's Pullam p?esentation.
The 1998 Chapter Pullara Awards were presented at the annual Leadership Summit in January. AIA Miami, AlA Jacksonville, AlA Orlando, AlA Florida Southwest and AlA Tampa Bay all presented excellent proposals of 1997 chapter activitie in a vatiety of categories. The 1998 Pullara Honor

by athi Lees, Director ojCommunications, AlA FlO?ida
Award was presented to AlA Florida Southwest for overall excellence in chapter activities. AIAJacksonvilie was the winner in the Public Outreach and Awareness category for it's "Architecture Celebration Week" activities. The awat-d in the Political Effectivenes categoryatld the Membership/Development category went to AlA Florida Southwest for their "Read the Fine Print" binders and "Return on Investment" promotion, respectively. AIA Tampa Bay was recognized in Other Activities for their publication,Bay A?
chi tect.
Preservation Projects
If you have been involved in an outstanding preservation project in the last three yeat-s, or ifyou know of an individual who is a remarkable preservation leader and has helped save a part of local or national heritage, take note. The deadline to submit nominations for the 1998 National Preservation Awards, the nation's preeminent award in preservation, is May 1, 1998.
The annual Prese rvation Awards progratn recognizes orga nizations, companies and individuals active in preservation, rehabilitation, restoration or interpretation ofAmerica's architectural and cultural helitage. Up to 15 wiImers will be honored at the 52nd National Preservation Conference in Savannah, GA, October 20-25, 1998.
Last year's winners included Zuni Pueblo elders and youth, who joined forces to preserve their histOlic buildings and impOitant cultural traditions; the revitalized Project Row Houses in Houston; the once demolitionthreatened Egyptian Theater in Ogden, Utah; and the newly restored USS Constitution in Boston, Mass.
For nomination matelials,call or write Preservation Awards, National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1785 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036, (202)588-6092.

The Federal Facilities Council, a component of the U.S. National Reseat-ch COlmcil, has released a new publication, Innovations in Fedenu Facilities. This document showcases 26 ex
amples of successfully applied
llUlovations i.I1 federal facilities and
illustrates the potential benefits of
inlproving federal-facilities plan
ning, design, construction and
management through mnovation.
Organized llltO "products and technologies" categOlies, the mnovations ranged from concrete ad-mixtures to HVAC control panels to GIS management systems. Each entJ)' is illustJated and briefly described on one page, with a majoremphasis on i.I1dividual contacts who canprovide more i.I1formation. To obtai.I1 the document, Technical Report #135, from the National Academy Press,write to: Director, Federal Facilities Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418; phone, (202) 334-3374; or visit their website at www2.nas.edU/ffc.
TheAlliance to Save Energy recommends that the United States price energy to reflect the costs of air pollution and climate change damages in astudyreleased i.I1 February. The result of two yeat-s of research,the Alliance's new report,
PriceItRight: EnergyPl'icing and Fundamental Tax Refmm,makes a strong argwnent for the revenueneutral shifting of taxes from income and savings to fossil fuels and conslmlption. Using an advanced model developed by Harvard Professor Dale W. Jorgenson, former chair of the Hatvat-d Economics Depattment, the Alliance demonstrates the dramaticenvi..rOlU11ental and economic benefits of repricmg energy. Using 1996 as the baseline, Price It Right projects tax-shift impacts to 2025 and beyond. The Executive Summary of Price It Right: Energy Pricing andFundamentalTaxReform can be ordered by calling (202)857-0666 ordownloading the docwnentfrom the Alliance's web
site at

Continuing Education
The American Institute of Architects and Fathom Digital Media Design are pleased to announce that orders are being taken for the program called "Success Strategies for Design Professionals_"
Success Strategies for Design Professionals is an interactive learning program created to take advantage of the mobility, accessibility and increased information retention possible with multimedia. Published on CD-rom, the program offers the design practitioner the ability to learn at his own pace and in a setting of his choosing while meeting all the state registration board's and the AIA's guidelines for continuing education.
Included in the program are strategies for successful negotiations, ideas for improving the scope and quality of service, tips on managing the small project, and some thoughts on improved time management. Also included is a special presentation of strategies for financial awareness and practices within the design firm; a must for all designers who want to hone their business skills.
The program features a soundtrack narrated by Dick Estell of National P.ublic Radio's "From the Bookshelf." The user navigates through six sections of graphically rich presentations and then is tested on the information presented. The test offers inU11ediate feedback and scoring. A plint-capable "notepad" is offered to allow the user to record thoughts and ideas during the presentations.
Success Strategies for Design Professionals is also useful as a reference manual and a teaching tool for in-firm learning programs. The product meets the requirements of a quality-level three education program as defined by the AlAI CES requirements. Contact Fathom-DMD at (615)244-0101 for more information.


Is Indoor Air Quality Important To You?

Then why specify a non-breathable walleovering or other
wall system that traps moisture and could add to health problems.

To keep your walls healthier while having high performance features ...specify


Fiberglass Textured Wallcovering System

The Tassoglas system delivers solutions to mold and mildew problem wall. The inherent characteristics of fiberglass offer high performance features including a highly breathable system for mold and mildew resistance, long life cycle, and high durability that save your renovation budget thousands of dollars.
What our customers say about Tassoglas
"We were planning to level our building because of mold and mildew problems. Tassoglas proved to be the proper problem
solver and has saved us thousands of dollars. It is easy to maintain." Ken Mann, Owner, Howard Johnson Key West, Florida

South Florida Middle School Project
"The school's hallways were in constant repair and expensive maintenance due to deterioration plaster and also the sheetrock
walls being kicked in by the "karate wanna be kids." The solution was a customized system utilizing a fiber reinforced gypsum
panels covered with Tassoglas and then painted with a high quality latex paint. After 2 years, the school's maintenance people
say the walls still look brand new." Oich Roos, President, TASSO USA

For More Information, Call 1-800-888-2776 or 1-954-429-3883 (outside the US)

Setting New Standards In Wallcovering...Again!


Buyers' Guide
Alwninum Service, Inc. (91-10) ........... IBC Suncoast Insurance Trus Joist MacMiUan (91-28) .......... .. ....... 27
Architectural Windows & Associates, Inc. (91-23) .......................... 28 Weather Shield (91-29) .. .. .. ........... 22-23, 24
Cabinets (91-29) ............ .. ............ 22-23, 24 Tasso Wallcovering (91-24) ................. OBC Window Classics Corp. (91-26) .. .. ........... 27
Chl'Oma Inc./George Cott (91-11) .......... 26 Tropic Top (91-25) ........ .............................. 5 Y-Tong Florida (91-27) ............ .. ........ ...... .. 2

CoUinsworth, Alter, Nielson, Fowler & Dowling, Inc. (91-12) ............ 21 Dittmer Architectw'al
Aluminum (91-13) .......... ......................... 21 EFCO Corporation (91-14) ........ ................ 5 FIOlida Natural Gas
Association (91-15) ...................... ........ IFC
The Florida Wood Council (91-16) ......... 25
Glass Masonry (91-17) .......... ................ ... 21
HBS Inc. (91-29) ............................ 22-23, 24
Masterpiece Tile Company (91-18) ........ 21
NOI~Dec International (91-29) ...... 22-23, 24
Palm City MW (9 1-29) ................... 22-23, 24
RCD Corp. (91-19) ............ ........................ ... 5
Revere Copper Products (91-20) .... ........ i9
Ricketson Sash & Door Co. (91-21) ....... 19
S & P Architectural

Products Inc. (91-29) .................. 22-23, 24 S & S Craftsmen Inc. (91-29) ........ 22-23, 24 Schinner Engineering
Corporation (91-28) ............................... 19 SeitIin Risk Management &
Insurance (91-23) ............ ....................... 28



Window Classics supplies beautiful, low maintenance wood windows and doors from Marvin to Florida and the Caribbean.

HOLLYWOOD MIAMI W. PALM BEACH Ph. 954/966-1148 Ph. 305/266-9800 Ph. 561/659-0600 Fax 954/983-7724 Fax 305/267-8197 Fax 561 /659-1555
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Trus Joist MacMillan 's FrameWorks
Header is 3%" thick and available in a
variety of depths, making it the perfect
one-piece framing solution for windows
and passage doors.
The superior performance and uniform dimentions of the Frame Works Header can drastically reduce call-backs to fi.'{ drywall cracks or nail pops above doors and windows, problems commonly caused by headers made from ordinary lumber.
FrameWorks'" Headers are available in the following depths:
4%",5'12".7%".8%".9'12",11%", IF/a", 14", 16", 18".
Accept no substitutes call Trus Joist MacMillan

for the dealer nearest yo u.

800/ 854-5647

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It's simple, really. You can buy professional liability insurance from a carrier who'll try to protect your resources after you have a claim. Or you can be a part of OPIC's program -delivered by a company and specialist agents long-dedicated to helping you stop losses before they happen.Our loss prevention services, dispute and claims handling and insurance coverage work to stop claims and losses, not just cover them. Experience the loss prevention difference with OPIC.Contact one of the independent agents below or visit us on the Web at
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DPIC Companies
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wholly owned by Dnon Copilol Corporofion,0 NYSE-lisled corporonon wilh osselS over S3.S billion. 1998 DPIC Componies, Inc.

Teaching Sustainability by Example

Ascension Catholic School Addition Melbourne, Florida SpacecoastArchitects, P.A.
hat better way for tudents to learn than by exanlple? From any spot in the 34,500 sf addition to As en ion Catholic School, any Kindergartner to
ighth grader can point to examples of energy-saving features: a skylit hallway, lighting fIxtures and oordinated witches, north-south windows for maximum daylight without heat gain ruld natural ventilation, light-colored
urfaces to refle t heat. Students have leru'ned about these and other attributes of their school as well as experiencing them, thanks to a coloring book by the architect iJlustrating its environmentally fliendly ru'chitectural features and design.
The two-story addition includes adIninistration offices, six regular classrooms, a

Light shelves on south-facing walls shade lowe1' windows and 1'eflect into the light apm'luTes above.
Photogmph: John Andm'son
library, a computer center, art more than doubled available structure it attaches to.
and music rooms, a science space, the energy load for the Spacecoast Architects' built-in
lab, and a cafetorium with full n w facility was calculated at energy efficiencies brought the
kitchen facilities and a stage. half th requirements for the prui h nearly $90,000 in rebates
Although the new construction existing five-year-old 24,500 sf from Florida Power & Light.
Su tamable design concepts
are the cornerstone of all of the
firm 's projects, with the goal of

producing ru'chltectur with low envirOllllental impact, high functionality and satisfaction, and long-term viability. The firm's phHosophy, according to Spacecoast president Lawrence Maxwell, AlA, holds that good ru'chitecture must embody the principles of sustainable design. "Sustainable de ign," says Maxwell, "need not cost any more, look any different,
or compromise any of the

""""'''''''' .......


functions required of any t COIoI'\IIOlAll
~ ttlUtlAl'
, IlEco:IOS1OIUa.
building." In fact, at $55/sf,
7 """""

com..... Ascension's construction cost
10 fU/tOIII
" OWQ(; 1lOI)II 12 SI'''"Ill

was less than that of a "no "Rr~ frills" elementary school design
" tlHC
" cmn

" aHl'.RD(lflO()l 11 IIlII'ItJrB
built by the local school borud.
It STtRNl:

...,. The Ascension adilition
exemplifies these concepts on a
relatively small scale, but with
ignificrult results. Siting was
the first step in smart use of dayJighting, which includes


ALasting Image for a New Campus

Health Professions Division Campus, NovaSoutheastem University Davie, Florida ACAI Associates, Inc.
elping to meet the tate's growing need for higher education facilities has become an important goal in the private sector. With the 1994 merger of Nova and Southeastern universities and their creation of a Health Professions Division (HPD) canle a need to develop, almost instantly, a new medical school campus.
ACAI Associates of Fort Lauderdale stepped in with a fast track plan to accomplish this feat: over 750,000 sf of new construction, including the Assembly, LibrmylLab ("the lab"), Clinic, and Administration buildings, the physical plant, and a six-level parking structure. Completed in under 16 months, on budget and ahead of schedule, tlle new campus-a result of intense dlaI'ettes combined with value engineering sessionsestablishes a handsome image for the emerging school, while embracing energy-saving materials, structural systems, and operations.
To institute a walking campus, the pm'king garage was located on the eastern perimeter of the 21-acre "L" shaped site. Covered and intersecting walk-
Administmtion building at south; angled Assembly building is the hub; Lab/Libm77/ and Clinic at no?"th. Pa?"king st7"uctU7"e at east is attached to camp~/'s by cove1'ed walkway. Photogmphy: Ae1"ial
Photogmphy, I nc.
ways, connecting the parking area and canlpUS buildings, meet to form a quadrangle: a Imldscaped plaza where the Terry Clock, named for HPD Chancellor Morton Terry, stands as a landmark. (Visitors say experiencing its Carillon chimes is quite a treat.) Set at an angle at the center of the campus, and adding a dynanlic twist of interest, is the Assembly building.
Built in keeping with principles of green design, the Administration, Lab, and Clinic buildings have identical construction: reinforced concrete columns and posttensioned beams with concrete floor and roof slabs and masonry infill. The exterior insulation and finislling system (EIFS) was selected for the building skin because it resembles stone, is energy-and cost-efficient, and requires little maintenance. Materials and colors were selected to emphasize tile architectural proportions of the facades and extensive colonnades.
Balancing the enclosed look of the Lab and Clinic buildings, the result of needing windowless facilities, m'e bright, spacious passageways and lobbies, featuring interior and exterior facing glass walls, high ceilillgs, and clerestory windows for added day lighting. Floor designs accent the interior spaces witil colorful tiles, with color-coding and distinctive patterning used as a guide to each college's classroomllab areas.
The Assembly building contains two large auditoriwns (500 and 250 seats) and eight physical plant, is concrete post and beams witil steel truss and joist roofing systems and composite roof decking. A standing semn metal roof vault spans tile wide central section. Two parallel northJsoutil corridors also serve as connective walkways between the Administration mld Lab buildings.
The HPD houses five Colleges: Osteopathic Medicine, Optometry, Pharmacy, Allied Healtll, and Medical Sciences, all witil state-of-the-mt equipment and facilities. Each department subnlitted laboratOly and work area specifications and requirements to the m'Cllitects, whjch resulted in practical designs and programnling tilat works. Anatomy lab areas feature walls treated witil epoxy paint and steel panelling and seanlless, chemicalresistant vinyl flooring to facilitate cleaning; mld witllin the occupational therapy lab and clinic spaces is a "simulation apmtment," equipped with a full kitchen with household
Te7'/7/ Plaza, Administmtion Towe?" at 1ight. The Asse7nbly Build125-seat lectw'e halls. Its appliances and a fully furing acts as the campus hub. Photogmph: ACAI Associates
construction, like tilat of the nished bath and bedroom.

Contemporary Complex Respects History and Culture

Escuela de Bellas Artes
de Carolina
(Carolina Fine Arts School)
Carolina, Puerto Rico Davis, Fuster Arquitectos
fter the Spanish-American War, at the begiruling of this century, the United States
assumed control of the
internal affairs of its new colonies, including Puerto Rico. A series of reforms, designed to implement a
process of "(North) American
ization" of the population
included the building of
schools. These became, in many ways, symbols of this
purpose. Contrary to the custom in Spanish Colonial urban development of locating
schools centrally, the new
schools transgressed the municipal grid, inlposing a

suburban approach that contributed to breaking the unity of traditional towns. conmlissioned to design the 1920s "historic" schools, a buildings were unrelated. Such was the origin of the new Fine Arts School. Already small accessory building Within this framework, the site in the municipality of on the three-acre "campus," completed soon after, and two architects designed the 63,000 Carolina for which Davis, about four blocks from the 1960s-1970s "pop-out" schools. sf complex, incorporating the Fuster Arquitectos was town plaza, was one of these Apart from their prOximity, the existing structures as well as relating to the traditional urban center nearby. The new design was intended as an organic "third system," which would consider the past while at the same time reflecting the reality of the island culture, explOling what the architects called "its tropical, extroverted, baroque, ambiguous, and sensuous natw'e." The Fine Arts School consists of seven structuresthose old and refurbished
becanle rectangular anchors around which the new construction intertwines. The 1920s school (A on the plan), historically restored, now houses adnlinistration, the drama department, and library. The larger of the later schools
(8) has been remodeled for the dance department, while the smaller (C) houses auxiliary

Updating a Landmark High School

By Randall E. 17~1'on, AlA
Melbourne High School Melbourne, Florida BRPH ArchitectsEngineers, Inc.
ringing a 44-year-old local landmark high school into the 21st centwy was the charge given to BRPH ArchltectsEngineers. A compact site, poor site infrastructure, severe structural deterioration of buildings dating back to 1955, and asbestos were just a few of the challenges presented by the Melbomne High School (Mel High) renovation project. It also presented a unique and exciting opportunity for the firm and particularly myself (as a 1971 alum), to create a modem learning environment that responds to both local and state education goals.
Adding to the complexity of the project, area residents and the local school board wanted to renovate the school on its original site rather than develop a new campus. Mel High is situated in the heart of the city's historic shopping district, which is currently being revitalized. While relocating the school to another site was discomaged, the fact of an e}...'tremely compact site tllat housed 26 existing academic buildings added to tlle challenge.
BRPH began with a condition assessment to analyze existing structuTes and mechanical and electrical systems to determine whether a) the school was salvageable for remodeling, or b) it had to be completely demolished and rebuilt at another location. The three-month analysis process revealed severe structural deterioration, asbestos, poor roof conditions, inadequate clas room space, deficient wiring, and insufficient mechanical equipment to provide proper air quality.
Till infonnation was presented during a serie of
One ofthenew couTtyaTdsfeatuTes theoTiginal school bell, builtin 1976 by a Mel High masomy class to commemomte the United States Bicentennial. Photogmph: Bob Bmun
planning meetings and work utilization, futme expa.l1Sion, 53,841 sf Classroom Building 8,
shops attended by the principal, increased pm'king, and Im'ger whlch accommodates 609
assistant principal, teachers, recreational areas, including an students. Two stories, COIl
depmtment heads, and school outside anlphitlleater, plazas, structed witllioad-bearing
bom'd members. These meetings and cOUltyards. masoruy and a hollow-core
were conducted over several Phase One included second floor slab witll steel roof
months and resulted in refined construction of tlle $5.6 million, trusses, it featmes a classic
educational progra.lTI documents
mld a design solution tllat
responded to and exceeded tlle
client's expectations.
BRPH used tlle Castaldi
Modernization Formulation
Fonnula (comparing renovation
costs with life expectancy of tlle
building) to substantiate the
design approach and recom
mendations for new construc
tion, remodeling, renovation and
demolition of existing buildings.
Reconmlendations included
extensive renovation of selected
buildings and tlle removal of 13
existing structw'es, to be
replaced witll tlu'ee new ones
providing 165,000 squar feet of
new classrooms. This concen
tration of new built space allowed for maxinlum ite La1ye science clasS'rDomsfeatuTe a?'eas. Pho/,ogmph: Bob BTaun a centml wetla.b and otheT study


Fresh Designs, Sensible Costs
SCHENKELSHULTZ Architects' Model Schools
,.lith population growth
ffcr ating an explosion in school construction, SCHENKELSHULTZ Architects has design dover 16 million sf of new and renovated elementary, nuddle, high, and university/collegiate facilitie Recognizing that today's chools also function as community centers, the Orlando-based firm's design approach involves a planning team made up of school staff, aclnlinistrators, arclute t and facility planners, students, parents, and community members. With a goal of making good designs available at a reasonable cost, the firm has developed several prototypes that, with slight modifications, have been successful in meeting the educational design critelia of vatious school distJicts for diverse sites.

Fresh Designs
ontinued from page17.

Wintm-Springs High School. A centml main ent1'"ance leading into the Aclministmtion aTea pt"Ovides contml and security to visito1"S a,nd students coming and going f rom' the camp1.LS. Plwtogmp!t: Rich Franco
individual activities, high
activity areas for team teaching and collaborative learning, small-and largeteaching areas, and labs. Core buildings (Administration, Media Center, Guidance Center, and Fine Arts) separate the elementary school from the middle and high schools. Uniting the campus, connecting all areas, inside and out, are a covered pedestrian spine and centralized open plaza.
With the incentives established by the Legislature in House Bill 17.A, embracing frugality along with sound educational planning concepts must be the essence of future Florida school design initiatives, says Chandler. With a new middle school prototype and other designs in the works, SCHENKELSHULTZ will continue to be a leader in this growing movement. .:.
Highlands Elementary
School &
Celebration School Project Team:
Chandler, AlA,

Tarczynski, AlA,

Toth, AlA

Landscape Architect:
Canin Associates

Structural Engineer:
Mitzo Engineering, Inc.

Civil Engineer:
Hanson Walter & Assoc.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Burton & Rolley, Inc.
General Contractor:
Centex Rooney
(Highland) Seminole County Public Schools
(Celebration) Osceola
County Public Schools
Discovery Middle School Project Team:
Chandler, AlA,

Tarczynski, AlA,

Fields, AlA,

L. Gabriel, AlA,

Toth, AlA,

J.D. Torbert

Landscape Architect:
Wallis & Baker Assoc.

Structural Engineer:
Allan & Conrad, Inc.

Civil Engineer:
Ivey Harris & Walls, Inc.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Burton & Rolley, Inc.
General Contractor:
Centex Rooney/
Construct Two
Orange County Public
Winter Springs High School Project Team:
Chandler, AlA,

Tarczynski, AlA,

Toth, AlA,

Eckmair, AlA

Landscape Architect:
Glatting, Jackson, Lopez, Kercher, Anglin & Rinehart

Structural Engineer:
Mitzo Engineering

Civil Engineer:
Ivey Harris & Walls, Inc.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Burton & Rolley, Inc.
General Contractor:
Balfour Beatty
Seminole County Public

Design/Build: Reducing Conflict, Confusion, and Risk
by Meade Colli:nswoTth, CPCU
esign professionals, real estate developers, and businesses in both the private and public sectors are taking a new approach toward the construction delivery process. The indu try i witnessing a shift toward the concept of "design! build" services-an approach aimed at coordinating the efforts of those involved in the construction process.
The designlbuild delivery process--contracting for a complete product from conception to completion-is an idea whose time has come for many reasons. The benefits are many, but there are also procedw-es to follow to ensW"e that the process succeeds.
Benefits include increased control for the architect, consolidation of resoW"ces-both financial and hW"l1an-and greater likelihood of bringing projects to completion under budget and on time. AdcLitionai benefits delive from more communication among all parties with regard to contracts and risks as well as improved risk management and the reduction of insW"ance claims.
Increased control over the entire construction process allows the architect to make adju tments and improvements as the project comes to life. Designlbuild reduces conflict and confusion. Where traditionalJy design was the responsibility of the design professional, and construction the contractor, here the owners select an architect/general contractor team. The result is increased communication, and owners have just on party to direct their questions or concerns to.
Typically, the design professional's increased control dwing the construction process decreases the cost and helps bring the project to completion under budget. Regular presence at the site often enables the architect to make modifications and improvements quickly and without adding costs.
The difference between traditional and design!build pro
cesses is one of relationships. Under the traditional delivery system, the owner/client has separate contracts with the deign professional and the general contractor. With designlbuild, the owner/client has one contract with the architect/contractor team. Because of differences inherent in the process, design! build contracts mustbe mocLified so that there are no misunderstandings about the rights and responsibilities of the various parties that make up the team. Referred to as Contract Review and Administration, this is an absolutely e sential part of the delivery system to mitigate unforeseen confusion and conflicts
that may arise. Advice from a qualified attorney and insW"ance agentlbroker is cll.lcial in order for tllis system to work properly. Use of tracLitionai contracts intended to protect design professionals may be inappropriate for their expanded role in designlbuild.
In tile traditional delivery process, design professionals deal with a Standard of Care, wh.ich requires them to act as any prudent person with comparable training, education and experience in the sanle locale would do in a sin1ilar situation. For design! build, besides the Standard of Care, there is the Standard of Warranty and/or Performance, which was previously only the contractor's responsibility.
The de ignlbuild process subjects team members to a modem day "law of HammW"abL" In addition to requiring that the team take responsibility for the de-

Benefits include incTeased contrnl fOT the aTchitect, consolidation of Tesources-both financial and human-and greater likelihood of bringing pTojects to completion under budget and on time.
sign, construction, means, methods, procedures, sequences, scheduling and safety, the contract also requires strict wan-anties and performance standards. For this reason, contractlanguage must be very specific to identify exactly what each team member will do for the owner/cljent and for each other in order to avoid problems and lawsuits.
Design/build construction docwnents require extra-careful attention as they allow team members to allocate the design and construction respon ibilities among themselves. These documents would include the performance warranties, defects, co ts, safety, etc., as op
posed to just assuming the responsibility for design and/or construction in the traditional process The key term here is allocati on oj Tisk as opposed to tr-ansjerence ojTisk, an important consideration, especially when dealing with public entities whose goals may include the transference of risk.
To ensure that the design/ build process works, the design professional and th contractor must truly become a team as opposed to separate entities trying to construct a project, as in the tracLitionai process. The deSign! build team must be in a position to solve all problems efficiently, amicably, and quickly, to the mutual benefit of themselve and the oW1ler, witll tile least amount of cost, conflict, and time.
Among the economic benefits of the team approach are the reduction of insurance claims and greater attention to risk management. Recentstatistics indicate that approximately 70 percent of all claims brought against design professionals are generated by their lients or contractors or others involved in the construction. With the contractor and design professional functioning as a team, the frequency of claims should be reduced.
Clearly, substantial benefits can be realized from use of the designlbuild approach. Because of increased control for tile architect, consolidation of resources, bringing projects to completion under budget, increased conunW11cation among all parties with regard to contracts, and the reduction ofinsW"ance claims, this method is gaining popularity. It is worth considering that the possibility ofa successful endeavor is greatly enhanced when all interested parties are committed to achieving desired goals and objectives. Designlbuild at its best is a teanl endeavor, the individual entities of the traditional construction process working together :.

Meade Collinsw01th is a, Cha1'te1'ed Pr-ope1'ty Casualty UndeTwTiteT (CPCU) and is pTesident ojCoUinswoTth, Altm; Nielson, Fowler-& Dow ling, Inc., an insuTance a,gency specializing in contr-actor-s, aTchitects, and engineers, and r-elated 1'isks. M1: CoUinswoTth is a past p1'esident oj the South Flonda chapteT ojthe CPCUSociety and is a mmnbm-of the FloTida Association ofInsumnce Agents.


See list of dealers on page 24

Principal Suppliers for Featured Projects

American Builders Agencies, Co.,
Escuela de Bellas Artes de Carolina
Inc.; Technical Distributors & Carrier Davis, Fuster Arquitectos (Puerto Rico), Inc.
Principal Supplie rs :
Valcor Security Window; Santiago

Cresthaven Elementary School
Metal Manufacturing orp.; Singer Architects
Comercial Adolfo S. Pagan, Inc.; San
Juan Lighting Corp.; Lausell Principal Suppliers:
Aluminum Jalousies 0., Inc.; Tanllac, Geo Welding, N.R. Window,
Imaginacfon; Mobile Paints; Belden AIA Insulation, Precision Panel,
Brick Co.; American Agencies Co., Dmham Electric, Otto Vinas Plumbing,
Inc.; Miramar Distributors; Inter-All LiteIB2 Tech, The Bared & Co.

SEE OUR 2 PAGE AD ON 22 & 23

Architectural Window & Door
Ft. Myers, Florida 941/768-1173

Architectural Windows and Cabinets
Jacksonville, Florida 904/725-8495
St. Augustine, Amelia Island & Panhandle 800/320-1312

HBS Inc.
Vero Beach, Florida 561/567-7461

NOR-DEC International
Miami, Florida 305/591-8050
San Juan, Puerto Rico 787/722-5425
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 809/697-4251
Dominican Republic Showroom 809/227-7882

Palm City Millwork
Palm City, Florida 561/288-7086
West Palm Beach, Florida 561/586-2280

S & P Architectural Products
Deerfield Beach, Florida 954/ 480-8959
Miami, Florida 305/596-2699
Jupiter, Florida 561/748-5580
Ft. Myers, Florida 800/992-8959

S & S Craftsmen
Tampa, Florida 813/247-4429
Celebration School SCHEN KELSCHULTZ
Principal Suppliers: American Buildings and AagaardHarbin, Acousti Engineering, Dimare Construction, Dittmer Architectural Aluminum, Hufcor, Interstate of Florida, Mader Southeast, Randall Mechanical, Rauland Borg, nited Electric
Winter Springs High School SCHENKELSCHULTZ
Principal Suppliers:
Richtex, USG Interiors, Dal-Tile,
Superior Windows, Hussey Mfg., York
International, Action Floor Systems,
Weyerheuser, Emco Industries

Highlands Elementary School SCHE NKELSCHULTZ
Principal Suppliers:
T.M.I. Cabinets, Armstrong World Industries, Trane, Seanlan Corp., Superior Windows, Varco-Pruden, Bobrick Waslu'oom Equipment
Ascension Catholic School
Spacecoast Architects, P A.

Principal Suppliers:
CSR Rinker; Foote Steel; Pre-cast
SpeCialties, Inc.; A.G. Mam'o Co.;
KalwaU, inc.; Sherwin Williams Paints;
Schuller International; HUFCOR, Inc.;
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NovaSoutheastern University Health Professions Divison Campus ACAI Associates
Principal Suppliers: Ulmer Construction, Inc., Collier County Rooflllg, Crawford Tracy COll)Oration, Lotspeich Interior Contractors, Bluejay Construction, Keys Granite, Custom Tile of Miami, Delta Painting, Inc., Hollywood Woodworking, Inc., Hill York Corporation, Jerome Nagelbush & Associates, C. Davis ElectliC, Irwin Seating ompany, Miami Audio Visual, Farrey's Hardware, Don Bailey Carpets, Inc.

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