Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The lion
 The traveller and the lion
 The lioness and her cubs
 The tiger
 The leopard
 The jaguar
 The horse
 The zebra
 The ass
 The dog of St. Bernard
 The lost child
 The goat
 The sheep
 The swan
 The hen and chickens
 The duck
 Mother duck
 Back Cover

Title: Pictures of natural history
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00004631/00001
 Material Information
Title: Pictures of natural history
Physical Description: <4>, 48 p., <18> leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Paterson, Robert, fl. 1860-1899 ( Engraver )
Small, William, 1843-1929 ( Illustrator )
Thomas Nelson & Sons ( Publisher )
Publisher: T. Nelson and Sons
Place of Publication: London
New York
Publication Date: 1867
Copyright Date: 1867
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1867   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1867
Genre: Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
United States -- New York -- New York
General Note: Some illustrations engraved by R. Paterson after W. Small.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00004631
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA5900
notis - ALH6491
oclc - 32523540
alephbibnum - 002236023

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Front Matter 3
        Frontispiece 1
        Frontispiece 2
        Frontispiece 3
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents 1
        Table of Contents 2
    The lion
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 4a
        Page 4b
        Page 4c
        Page 4d
    The traveller and the lion
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The lioness and her cubs
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 8a
        Page 8b
        Page 8c
        Page 8d
        Page 8e
    The tiger
        Page 8f
        Page 8g
        Page 8h
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 12
    The leopard
        Page 12b
        Page 12c
        Page 12d
        Page 13
        Page 14
    The jaguar
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 16a
        Page 16b
        Page 16c
        Page 16d
        Page 16e
    The horse
        Page 16f
        Page 16g
        Page 16h
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 20a
    The zebra
        Page 20b
        Page 20c
        Page 20d
        Page 21
        Page 22
    The ass
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 24a
        Page 24b
        Page 24c
        Page 24d
        Page 24e
    The dog of St. Bernard
        Page 24f
        Page 24g
        Page 24h
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 28a
        Page 28b
        Page 28c
        Page 28d
        Page 29
    The lost child
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 32b
        Page 32c
        Page 32d
        Page 32e
    The goat
        Page 32f
        Page 32g
        Page 32h
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 36a
    The sheep
        Page 36b
        Page 36c
        Page 36d
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 40a
        Page 40b
        Page 40c
        Page 40d
        Page 40e
    The swan
        Page 40f
        Page 40g
        Page 40h
        Page 41
        Page 42
    The hen and chickens
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 44a
        Page 44b
        Page 44c
        Page 44d
        Page 45
    The duck
        Page 46
    Mother duck
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Back Cover
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
Full Text

The Baldwmn Library
Rm; Plnds

ri.ct # --
IZ -L-~4




THE LION,... ......




THE LEOPARD, ...... ...

THE JAGUAR, ...... ... ...

THE HORSE, ... ... ... ... ... ...


THE ZEB A, ... ... ...

TIE ASS, ....



THE GOAT, ... ......

THE TWO GOATS, ... ...


THE PET LAMB, ... ... ... ..

THE SWAN, ... ... ...


THE DUCK,... .



4OOK at the lion. He is so strong and
lJ so bold, that he has been called the
:. .i ." King of Beasts."
And yet the great roaring lion is
nothing more than a giant cat!
His teeth, his paws, his eyes, and his
ears are made quite like those of a cat. He
makes the same use of them, too; for he
watches in the same still, patient manner,
that a cat does; and then springs upon
his prey, and seizes it with his teeth and
claws. (See Picture No. 2.)
The lion has a long shaggy mane. The
lioness is covered with a glossy coat of short,
thick hair, but has no mane.
The lions may be called the giants, and


the real pussies the dwarfs, among animals
of the cat kind.
The home of the largest lions is far away
in the wild mountains and great plains of
The lion lives also in Asia, but he is not
so large and strong as the lion of Africa.
In the north of Africa the Arabs live in
constant drelad of the lion.
The Arabs, you know, dwell in tents; and
when a number of tents are put up near
each other, they form an Arab village.
Often, at night, a lion will come and at-
tack one of these tent villages.
His home is in the mountains, perhaps
twenty or thirty miles away. A nice, well-
kept home it is, under the thickest cover
of bushes he can find.
There he lies snugly all day, and sleeps
with his wife and little ones.


But when the sun is going down, he
leaves his den and goes forth to hunt.
Thirty or forty miles are only a nice walk
for him! Down he marches from his
mountain home.
When he comes near the Arab tents, he
steals along on his softly cushioned feet,
that make no sound as he treads.
When all is still, his terrible voice is
heard, and in the silence of the night it
sounds like thunder!
The dogs bark, and the horses, oxen, and
camels rush about in wild terror. The men
light fires all around, and toss about flaming
torches, to try to scare him away.
He minds them very little, and the thunder
of his voice drowns every other sound. He
walks straight on to the place where the
cattle are, and, in a few minutes three or
four oxen fall beneath his terrible paws.


It is said that sometimes lie will drive
one or two oxen home before him all the
way to his den, where his wife and cubs are
waiting for their food. (See Picture No. 3.)
In this way, by these nightly visits, the
Arabs sometimes have their whole flocks
and herds carried off.
Although the lion seldom leaves his den
during the day, yet when he is hungry he
may be found roaming over the plains.
There, large herds of wild asses and an-
telopes go trooping along.
They scent the lion at a great distance;
and when they hear his voice, they scour
away over the desert like the wind.
In their terror, some of them come near
the place where the lion lies hid. Then he
couches, his eye glares, and with one bound
i.e springs on his prey


A TRAVELLER ill South Africa once set out
on a journey. When far from home he
had to cross a wide plain, where he saw
a lion at a distance. The lion saw him at
the same time, and began slowly to follow
SWhen the traveller walked fast, the lion
walked fast; and when he stopped, the lion
stopped! The man saw that the lion meant
to follow him until dark, and then spring
upon him.
He was not able to run away fiom the
lion, for the lion could ruif faster than he
could. So he thought of a plan to cheat
IHe came to a high cliff, below which was
a deep hollow. Creeping down, he hid be-
hind a rock, where the lion could not see


him. Then taking a stick which he found
among the rocks, he put on it his coat and
his hat, so as to make them look like a man.
He then held the stick above the rock
behind which he was hid.
Soon the lion came creeping slyly along.
The moment he saw the coat and the hat,
lie made a sudden spring at them. lHe
bounded right over the place where the
man lay and falling down among the rocks,
was killed!
The traveller )vwas saved, and ere long he
reached his own home.




Y/JiHE lioness is much smaller than the
.1._ lion, and her form is more slender
... and graceful.
^i The home of the lioness, in a wild
state, is generally under some deep cover,
and all around is watched with the greatest
care. Woe to the intruder, whether man
or beast, that unwarily comes near the
lioness in her den!
An English officer in India was one morn-
ing out on horseback, armed with a rifle.
He was suddenly surprised by a large
male lion, which bounded from the thick
jungle, at the distance of only a few yards.
The officer instantly fired; the shot took
effect, and the lion fell dead at his feet.


No sooner was this formidable foe thus
disposed of, than a second, equally terrible,
made its appearance. It was a lioness.
The officer fired again, and wounded her
so dangerously, that she retreated to the
The officer followed, and soon traced her
to her den. There the brave mother tried
to defend her young ones-but in vain.
Another shot from the officer's rifle soon
stretched her dead.
The cubs were only a few days old. These
the officer and his servants brought away
with them.
By the assistance of a goat, which was pre-
vailed on to act as foster-mother to the royal
pair, the officer succeeded in rearing them
till they were old enough and strong enough
to bear the voyage to England, where they
were kept for many years.


SI--HE tiger, like the lion, is just a giant
(^l cat.
C ': He has no mane, but his body is
)) all covered over with black stripes,
as you see in the picture.
In India there are vast tracts of waste
land called jungle, overgrown with tall,
thick bushes and reeds. It is there chiefly
that the tiger has his haunts.
Unlike the lion, he runs so swiftly that
the fleetest horse cannot overtake him!
He goes over the ground- at a fearful
rate, by making bounds or springs, one after
the other.
By day, as well as by night, the tiger is
on watch for his prey.


When an army is marching near a jungle,
it sometimes happens that a tiger will
spring out.
With a frightful roar he will seize a man,
and carry him off before anything can be
done to save him.
Have you ever thought of what use
whiskers are to cats ?
Lions have great whiskers, and so have
tigers, and all other animals of the cat
Whenever you find an animal with
whiskers like the cat, you may be sure that
that animal is meant to steal softly among
branches and thick bushes.
By the slightest touch on the tiger's
whiskers, he knows when there is anything
in his path, and whether it would make too
much noise and alarm his prey as he creeps
along through the jungle.


Some years ago, a number of English
officers went out to hunt.
In returning home after their day's sport,
they. found in the jungle a little tiger
They took it with them, and tied it with
a collar and chain to the pole of their tent.
It played about, to the delight of all who
saw it.
However, just as it was growing dark,
the people in the tent were checked in the
midst of their mirth.
A sound was heard that caused the bravest
among them to quail.
It was the roar of a tiger!
In an instant the little kitten strained at
the chain with all its baby strength, and
tried to break loose.
With a loud wail it replied to the terrible
voice outside.


Suddenly there leapt into the middle of
the 'tent a huge tigress !
She caught her kitten by the neck, and
snapped with one jerk the chain which
bound it.

Then turning to the tent door, she (1ahled
away at full speed to the jungle.
One cannot be sorry that not a gun was
raised at the brave mother, as she bore her
young one off in triumph.



JHE leopard is another of the giants of
the cat race.
In India it is called the tree-
tiger, because it is so nimble and
active that it can climb a tree with great
It is one of the most beautiful of all the
animals of the cat tribe.
Its form is very graceful, and its skin is
covered with beautiful spots.
The leopard has often been tamed, and
in a tame state it is very playful.
The cubs of the leopard are pretty, grace-
ful creatures, and sport about with each
other like so many kittens.
In India the leopard is sometimes trained


to the chase, and is so gentle that it can )be
led about like a greyhound.
It is carried to the field in a covered cart,
and as soon as a herd of deer or of antelopes
comes in sight it is loosed. Creeping softly
along, it gets within a few paces of the herd.
Then with a few bounds it dashes into the
midst of them, and with one blow brings
its victim down.
When a wild leopard is driven to take
refuge in a tree, it shows great skill in
choosing a place where its whole body will
be hid from the hunters below.
The leopard does not take to the water
so readily as the tiger; but when pressed by
hunger, or driven into the water by the
hunters, it shows itself to be a good
swimmer, and can cross a wide river without



"lHE jaguar has his home in the New
(- World. He is another of the giants
of the cat tribe.
o His skin is covered with dark spots,
something like the leopard's.
The favourite food of the jaguar is the
flesh of the monkey; but he finds it no easy
task to catch the nimble monkey.
Sometimes, however, he catches them
sleeping, and gets among a band of them
before they are aware.
A few strokes of his terrible paw among
the sleepers, soon dashes some of them to
the ground. The jaguar then descends, to
feast at his leisure.
In the forests of South America, travellers


often hear the fierce roar of the jaguar,
mingled with the yells of the monkeys.
These sounds tell of the deadly work that.
is going on among the trees.
The jaguar also feeds on other animals, and
is strong enough to kill a deer or a horse.
If any animal pursued by the jaguar
should take to the water, it makes no-
difference to him. He plunges into the
water after it, and soon seizes his prey.
The jaguar is also fond of fish, and
watches for them by the river side.
As soon as a fish comes within reach, his
nimble paw strikes it, and with his sharp
talons he-throws it on the land.
He catches birds too, and so quick are
his movements, that he will bound within
reach of a bird, and strike it down before it
has time to get beyond his reach.






-]'N some countries in the east, and
i J"i away in the far west of America, the
Shore runs wild.
SIn these regions he is found in
herds of many thousands in number, and
may be seen running in wild freedom
over the plains.
The domestic horse is a noble, useful
animal. He is gentle, and willing to work.
He is not made to destroy or to hurt, but
to be useful to man. He never takes the
life of any other animal for his food; for
he feeds on grass, hay, and corn.
The horse loves his master, and soon
learns to know him. A story is told of a
soldier who had a favourite horse, that never


seemed so happy as when his master was on
his back. Then he was all life, and full of
spirit. At last, in a terrible battle his master
was killed. He dropped from his horse, and
his body was found some days afterwards
with the faithful animal still standing be-
side it.

- I

never left

this long time the horse had
the body of his master. Without


I~_ .--I~-.II~ '.,-~.-


food or water, he had stood over it, scaring
away the birds of prey. Was not he a
noble animal ?

A P oo soldier was one day passing along
a street in London. All at once he was
seen to stop, and stand looking at a horse
on the other side of the street. I know
him! I know him! cried he, as he crossed
to the other side. It is my own old
horse. Dear old fellow! "
The horse seemed to know the voice.
He laid back his ears, and pushed his nose
against the hand that stroked him so kindly.
After a few moments the poor soldier put
his hand in his pocket, and as he did so he
said, Yes, he shall have it, though it were
my last penny! I have enough to buy him
a feed of corn."


Away he went to bring it, and in a few
minutes he came back with the corn, and
stood kindly feeding the horse with his own
After staying beside him for some time,
he asked where the stable of the horse was,
that he might go again and see him some
other day.
He then went his way, saying to the
horse's master as he left, Be good to him,
poor fellow, and use him well."
It was a beautiful sight, and no wonder
that some little boys who stood near, cried
out, Hurrah! when they saw the poor
soldier's kindness to his old friend.
It was a lesson on kindness to animals
which they would not soon forget.
..-=,- -,- '


4mHE zebra is the most beautiful of all
"(F the animals of the ass tribe. Its
Home is in Africa.
Its skin is smooth as velvet. Its
body is marked all over with black
stripes, which extend down to the very feet.
It is found chiefly in hilly districts, which
it loves better than the plains.
It is a very timid creature, fleeing to its
mountain home as soon as it is alarmed by
the sight of any strange object.
Travellers say that troops' of beautiful
striped zebras may often be seen in Africa,
drinking at springs of water.
They go to the springs generally between
sunset and sunrise.


There they are followed by the lion, who
often steals upon them before they are
The moment the zebras know of the
presence of their terrible foe, they flee in
the wildest terror to the hills, or across the
It is said that the lion will not go to
the springs when the moon shines brightly,
as then he would easily be seen.
He loves the darkness, for then the
beautiful zebra more readily becomes his
The zebra has very seldom been
tamed. It has been found almost impos-
sible to reduce this beautiful creature to
k" k A'


JHIE poor ass generally leads a very hard
'( life, and is often seen carrying too
heavy a burden.
It is thought, by most people, to
be a very stupid animal; but this is not the
It is stubborn, because it is too often ill
treated. When well treated, it shows it-
self to be one of the cleverest of domestic
It well repays any kindness shown to it,
and becomes very fond of its master.
It soon learns to be familiar with children,
and will let several of them ride on its
back together.
A story is told of an ass that was one


time attacked in a field by a fierce bull-
The dog sprang at the poor donkey, and
tried to 'bite it; but the ass seized him
with its teeth.
The dog tried in vain to escape; for the
donkey held him fast, and carried him
across the field to the river side, and there
plunged him into the water! The dog never
tried to meddle with the ass again.
A bundle of dry grass, or a thistle from
the road-side, with, a drink of water from
the brook, serves for its daily meal.
In Eastern countries the ass is found in
a wild state. It is celebrated for its swift-
ness. On hilly or rocky ground, no horse
or dog can overtake it.
It lives in troops among the hills, coming
down to the plains in the winter months,
and returning again when summer begins.

__________ ---J


jI r
j PT. BERNARD is the name of one of
,,. the high mountains of the Alps.
^ The deep snow hangs so loosely on
the sides of these mountains, that
great masses often fall into the plains below,
with a noise like thunder.
Wild snow storms also come on, and the
passes in the mountains become so blocked
up and covered over, that it is impossible to
find them out.
In this way many travellers have per-
ished, and been buried in a deep snowy
Far far up the mountain there is a build-
ing called the Convent of St. Bernard.
Here is found that wonderful race of dogs


called tlle Dogs of St. Bernard, famous all
over the world for their noble deeds.
These dogs are trained to go out oin the
mountains among the snow, and search for
missing travellers.
Suppose you are taking a journey across
the Alps.
A terrible snow storm comes on. Night
is drawing near, while you are weary with
your journey, and perishing with cold and
Your whole body begins to feel numb,
and soon you will be unable to go any
You think of home, and kind friends
there, and you kneel down to pray that
you may not be left to perisl in the
At the very moment you are about to give
up in despair, you hear the deep bark of a


dog, coming nearer and nearer amid the
darkness and the snow-drift!
It is the sweetest sound you ever heard
in your life.
How thankful you are when you see two
noble-looking dogs coming toward you, one
with a flask of spirits tied to his neck, and the
other carrying a cloak to wrap around you!
How eagerly you untie the flask and
drink, and how gratefully you cover your-
self with the cloak!
The dogs look on, and seem to under-
stand all. They hasten back to fetch the
monks, who soon come to the spot.
You are carried to the Convent, and there
rubbed and warmed, till at last you revive
and know that you are saved.
Such is the work the monks of St.
Bernard and their famous dogs have often
had to do.


One dog saved the lives of twenty-two
persons, who, but for his help, would have
For many years this dog wore a medal
round his neck, which was given him in
honour of his deeds!
The following story tells how this noble
creature at last met his death -
At the foot of the mountain there is a
little village. Here dwelt a poor courier,
who used to carry letters and messages
across the mountain.
This was the way he procured bread for
his wife and children.
At one time, when on his way back to
his home, a terrible storm came on.
With great difficulty he made his way to
the Convent.
The monks did all they could to persuade
him to remain till the storm had passed away.


But the poor man knew how anxious his
family would be. He was sure that they
would be out on the mountain in search
of him ;-and so they really were.
He felt that he must proceed, and the
monks spoke to him in vain.
All they could do was to furnish him
with two guides, attended by two dogs.
One of these dogs was the noble animal
that wore the medal.
But the poor courier and his family
never met.
On his way down the mountain with the
guides and the dogs, a great mass of
frozen snow fell upon them, and courier,
guides, and dogs, were all buried be-
neath it.



AN interesting and affecting story is told of two of these brave dogs having once saved the life
of a little boy, who had lost his way on the mountain.-(See PICTURES I. If. III.)

IT was a clear, cold, winter night,
The heavens all brightly starred,
Where on Mount Bernard's snowy height
The good monks kept their guard.

And round their hearth, that night, they told
To one, who shelter craved,
How the brave dog, he thought so old,
Full forty lives had saved;

When, suddenly, with kindling eye,
Up sprang the old dog there,
As from afar a child's shrill cry
Rung through the frosty air.

In haste the monks unbarred the door,
Rugs round the mastiffs threw;


And as they bounded forth once more,
Called, "Blessings be with you! "

They hurried headlong down the hill,
Past many a snow-wreath wild,
Until the older guide stood still
Beside a sleeping child.

He licked the little icy hand,
With his rough, kindly tongue;
With his warm breath he gently fanned
The tresses fair and long.

The child looked up, with eyes of blue,
As if the whole he guessed;
His arms around the dog he threw,
And sunk again to rest.

Once more he woke, and wrapped him fast'
In the warm covering sent:
The dogs then with their charge, at last,
Up the steep mountain went.


The fire glowed bright, with heaped-up logs,
Each monk brought forth a light;
" Good dogs!" they cried, good dogs, good dogs!
Whom bring you here to-night?"

In, with a joyous bound, they come-
The boy awoke and smiled:
" Ah me !" the stranger cried, some home
Mourneth for thee, fair child "

With morning light, the monks and boy
Sought where the village lay-
I dare not try to paint the joy
Their coming gave that day.

"If sweet," the brethren said, to see
Such gladness shed around,
What wondrous joy in Heaven nust be,
When a lost child is found !"

.1. '-L'- t ACX. 5


fOOK at the goat. It has a long beard
.-J and long horns.
SIt has also strong limbs, and can
Climb steep hills where neither cows
nor sheep could go.
The hoof of the goat is so formed that it
does not slip on the rocks.
In some countries goats are kept in large
flocks, and children tend them on the
In those countries, as you travel along
the valleys, you can see the goats away far
above you on the hills, where they look like
little white specks.
The children who tend the flocks follow
them along from rock to rock,


Little bells are sometimes hung round the
necks of the goats. And by the tinkling of
these bells the children soon find any goat
which gets hid among the rocks.
The flesh of the goat is used for food.
Its milk is often made into cheese; and
leather is made from its skin.
Young goats are called kids. They are
very playful, but they never become so
tame as lambs.

Here is little Fred with his two tame
goats. His father's men are in the field
making hay.


Do you know what hay is? It is long
grass cut down and dried in the sun.
Fred has been in the field all day, and
he is now taking home a load of hay in his
little w vigon.

" IN a wild mountain two goats met, on a
ledge just over a precipice. The ledge was
so narrow that there was neither room for
them to lpass each other, nor to turn
round and go back. A steep rock rose
straight above them-a deep dark chasm
lay below! What do you think the two
goats did ?"
One of them quietly and carefully laid
himself down on the narrow ledge, pressing
as close to the rock as he could. Then the
other goat gently and softly stepped over


his companion, till, safe on the further side,
he could lightly bound away.

The goat that had lain down then drew
himself up from his lowly position, safe and
uninjured, free to spring again from rock
to rock, and crop the sweet herbage on the


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