DARTONâ€™S HOLIDAY LIBRARY.
A SERIES OF SHILLING VOLUMES FOR THE YOUNG;
A Complete Holiday Library,
BY APPROVED AUTHORS.
No. 1. MARY LEESON, by Mary Howirr.
ilustrated. by John Absolon.
No: 2 TAKE CARE OF No.1, or Good to Me
includes Good to Thee, by S. G. Goop-
RICH, Esq. (the original Peter Parley).
Ithustrated by Gilbert.
- HOW TOSPEND A WEEK HAPPILY,
by Mrs: Burnury. With Illustrations.
POEMS FOR. YOUNG CHILDREN,
by â€˜â€˜ Adelaide,â€™ one of the amiable
Authoresses of â€˜â€œ Original Poems.â€
THE YOUNG LORD, by Camitra
Toutmim; and VICTORINE DURO-
CHER, by Mrs. SHEEWoOoD. With
No. 6. PAULINA, a Tale from the German.
No. 7. HOUSEHOLD STORIES. With Tus-
Nes.8 & 9. INDOORAND OUTDOOR SPORTS.
No. 10. STORIES OF ENTERPRISE AND
ADVENTURE; or, An Excitement
to Reading. Mlustrated with Wood
Engravings, from Designs by Absolon.
No. 11. BOOK OF RIDDLES. &c.
J. Wertheimer d& Co., Prin ters.Finsburv Circus. _
The Baldwin Library
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EXCITEMENT TO READING.
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WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY ABSALON.
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able and judicious manner.
The pieces selected are such as will be likely
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to inspire him with heroic enthusiasm, and to
lead him to despise danger.
In our perpetually migrating population, no
one can tell who will not be called upon to
brave the vicissitudes of â€˜*â€˜flood and field;â€ *
and to show how perils may be surmounted,
and privations endured with energy and pa-
tience, is to teach no unimportant lesson.
Nothing whatever has been introduced into
this Volume, but such subjects as will teach a
dependence upon Divine Providence, in aid
of self-reliance and self-sacrifice, while details
of war and bloodshed have been studiously
ARABIAN HOSPITALITY, â€˜ETC. Page
Hospitality of tne Arab . : - . 9
Horrors of African Warfare : . : 13
Crocodile Shooting : : : : 16
REMAREABLE INSTANCE OF COURAGEIN A LADY. 19
INDIAN Frecp SPortTsâ€”
Method of Catching Birds : . 7 . 2)
The Hyena . : : . ; . 24:
The Bear - - : 7 - . 26
Sagacity of the Elephant. . . . 27
Anecdotes of the Tiger . : . : 30
DEATH OF SrR JOHN MOORE . . . . 37
PERSIAN TYRANNY . . : : . . 46
SKETCHES IN VIRGINIAâ€” 4
Rock Bridge. . - - : : . 52
Wierâ€™s Cave . : . : : . . 59
THt CHRISTIAN SLAVE . . . . .
VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRBIA
ESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE
The Albatross .
Visit to a Penquin Rookery:
The Sea Elephant
Visit from the Natives at Terra Del Fuego
Chillan mode of capturing Wild Horses
Fight between a Whale and a Killer
War Dances of the New Zealanders
History of Paddy Connel
EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE FROM DROWNING
ADVENTURE IN THE DESERT, AND MURDER OF
ENTERPRISE AND ADVENTURE.
Arabian Boxpitalityâ€”Atriran Parlore, Xr.
The following three extracts are from a work of con-
siderable merit, intitled â€˜â€˜ The Crescent and the
Cross.â€ It contains, not only much valuable mat-
ter relative to Egypt and Abyssinia, but many in-
teresting anecdotes, of which we give a specimen.
HOSPITALITY OF THE ARAB.
Iw 1804, Osman Bardissy was the most in flu-
ential of the Mameluke Beys, and virtually go-
verned Egypt. Mehemet Ali, then rising into
power, succeeded in embroiling this powerful
old chief with Elfy Bey, another of the Mame-
10 HOSPITALITY OF THE ARAB.
The latter escaped to England, where he was
favourably received, and promised assistance
by our government against Osman, who was in
the French interests. At this time a Sheikh
of Bedouin stood high in Osmanâ€™s confidence,
and brought him intelligence that Elfy had
landed at Alexandria. â€˜* Go, then,â€™â€™ said the
old Bey, â€˜â€˜ surprise his boat, and slay him on
his way up the river; his spoil shall be your
reward.â€ â€˜Fhe Sheikh lay in wait upon the
banks of the Delta, and slew all the com-
panions of the rival Bey: Elfy himself escaped
in the darkness, and made his way to an Arab
encampment before sunrise. Going straight
to the Sheikhâ€™s tent, which is known by a
spear standing in front of it, he entered, and
hastily devoured some bread that he found
there. The Sheikh was absent; but his wife
exclaimed, on seeing the fugitive, â€œâ€˜I know
you, Elfy Bey, and my husbandâ€™s life, per-
haps at this moment, depends upon his taking
yours. Rest now and refresh yourself, then
take the best horse you can find, and fly. The
moment you are out of our horizon, the tribe
HOSPITALITY OF THE ARAB. 11
will be in pursuit of you.â€ The Bey escaped
to the Thebaid, and the disappointed Sheikh
presented himself to his employer. Osman
passionately demanded of him if it was true
that his wife had saved the life of his dead-
liest enemy, when in her power. â€˜** Most
true, praised be Allah!â€ rephed the Sheikh,
drawing himself proudly up, and presenting
a jewel-hilted dagger to the old Bey: â€˜â€œ this
weapon,â€ he continued, â€˜*â€˜ was your gift to
me in the hour of your favour; had I met
Elfy Bey, it should have freed you from your
enemy. Had my wife betrayed the hospi-
tality of the tent, it should have drank her
blood ; and now, you may use it against my-
self,â€â€ he added, as he flung it at the Mame-
lukeâ€™s feet. This reverence for-hospitality is
one of the wild virtues that has survived from
the days of the patriarchs, and it 1s singularly
contrasted, yet interwoven with other and
apparently opposite tendencies. The Arab
will rob you, if he is able; he will even mur-
der you, if it suits his purpose; but, once
under the shelter of his tribeâ€™s black tents,
12 HOSPITALITY OF THE ARAB.
or having eaten of his salt by the way-side,
you have as much safety in his company as
his heartâ€™s blood can purchase for you. The
Bedouins are extortionate to strangers, dis-
honest to each other, and reckless of human
life. On the other hand, they are faithful to
their trust, brave after their fashion, temper-
ate, and patient of hardship and privation be-
yond belief. â€˜Their sense of right and wrong
is not founded on the DecalogueÃ©, as may he
well imagined, yet, from such principles as
they profess they rarely swerve. Though
they will freely risk their lives to steal, they
will not contravene the wild rule of the de-
sert. If a wayfarerâ€™s camel sinks and dies
beneath its burden, the owner draws a circle
round the animal in the sand, and follows the
caravan. No Arab will presume to touch that
lading, however tempting. Dr. Robinson
mentions that he saw a tent hanging from a
tree near Mount Sinai, which his Arabs said
then been there a twelvemonth, and never
would be touched until its owner returned in
search of it.
HORRORS GF AFRICAN WARFARE. 13
HORRORS OF AFRICAN WARFARE.
â€˜THERE appears to be a wild caprice amongst
the institutions, if such they may be called,
of all these tropical nations. In a neighbour-
ing state to that of Abyssinia, the king, when
appointed to the regal dignity, retires into an
island, and is never again visible to the eyes
of men but once â€”when his ministers come to
strangle him; forit may not be that the proud
monarch of Behr should die a natural death.
No men, with this fatal exception, are ever
allowed even to set foot upon the island,which
is guarded by a band of Amazons. In another
border country, called Habeesh, the monarch
is dignified with the title of Tiger. He was
formerly Malek of Shendy, when it was in-
vaded by Ismael Pasha, and was even then
designated by this fierce cognomen. Ismael,
Mehemet Aliâ€™s second son, advanced through
Nubia, claiming tribute and submission from
all the tribes. Nemmir (which signifies tiger),
the king of Shendy, received him hospitably,
as Mahmoud, our dragoman, informed us,
14 HORRORS OF AFRICAN WARFARE.
and, when he was seated in his tent, waited
on him to learn his pleasure. â€˜*â€˜ My pleasure
is,â€â€™ replied the invader, ** that you forthwith
furnish me with slaves, cattle, and money, to
the value of 100,000 dollars.â€â€”** Pooh !â€
said Nemmir, â€œ you jest; all my country
could not produce what you require in one
hundred moons.â€â€”â€˜*â€˜ Ha! Wallah !â€â€™ was the
young Pashaâ€™s reply, and he struck the Tiger
across the face with his pipe. If he had done
so to his namesake of the jungle, the insult
could not have roused fiercer feelings of re-
venge, but the human animal did not shew
his wrath at once. â€˜* It is well,â€ he replied ;
** let the Pasha rest ; to-morrow he shalt have
nothing more to ask.â€ The Egyptian, and the
few Mameluke officers of his staff, were tran-
quilly smoking towards evening, entertained
by some dancing-girls, whom the Tiger had
sent to amuse them ; when they observed that
a huge pile of dried stalks of Indian corn was
rising rapidly round the tent. â€˜* What means
this 2?â€ inquired Ismael angrily; â€˜â€˜am not I
Pasha ?â€â€”â€˜*â€˜ Tt is but forage for your high-
Â¥KTORRORS OF AFRICAN WARFARE. 1S
nessâ€™s horses,â€ replied the Nubian; â€˜â€˜ for
were your troops once arrived, the people
would fear to approach the camp.â€ Suddenly
the space is filled with smoke, the tent-cur-
tains shrivel up in flames, and the Pasha and
his comrades find themselves encircled in what
they well know is their funeral pyre. Vainly
the invader implores mercy, and assures the
Tiger of his warm regard for him and all his
family; vainly he endeavours to break through
the fiery fence that girds him round; a thou-
sand spears bore him back into the flames,
and the Tigerâ€™s triumphant yell and bitter
mockery mingle with his dying screams. The
Egyptians perished toaman. Nemmirescaped
up the country, crowned with savage glory:>
and married the daughter of a king, whosoon
left him his successor, and the Tiger still de-
fies the old Pashaâ€™s power. The latter, how-
ever, took a terrible revenge upon his people :
he burnt all the inhabitants of the village
nearest to the scene of his sonâ€™s slaughter,
and cut off the right hands of five hundred
men besides. So much for African warfare-
16 CROCODILE SHOOTING.
THe first time a man fires at a crocodile is an
epoch in his life. We had only now arrived
in the waters-where they abound; for itisa
curious fact that none are ever seen below
Mineych, though Herodotus speaks of them
as fighting with the dolphins, at the mouths
of the Nile. A prize had been offered for the
first man who detected a crocodile, and the
crew had now been two days on the alert in
search of them. Buoyed up with the expec-
tation of such game, we had latterly reserved
our fire for them exclusively ; and the wild-
duck and turtle, nay, even the vulture and
the eagle, had swept past, or soared above,
in security. At length the cry of â€˜â€˜ Timseach,
timseach !â€ was heard from half-a-dozen
claimants of the proffered prize, and half-a-
dozen black fingers were eagerly pointed to
a spit of sand, on which were strewn appa-
rently some logs of trees. It-was a covey. of
CROCODILE SHOOTING. 17
crocodiles! Hastily and silently the boat was
run in shore. R. was ill, so I had the enter-
prise to myself, and clambered up the steep
bank with a quicker pulse than when I first
levelled a rifle at a Highland deer. My in-
tended victims might have prided themselves
on their superior nonchalance; and, indeed,
as I approached them, there seemed to be a
sheer on their ghastly mouths and winking
eyes. Slowly they rose, one after the other,
and waddlied to the water, all but one, the
most gallant or most gorged of the party. He
lay still until I was within a hundred yards of
him; then slowly rising on his fin-like legs,
he lumbered towards the river, looking as-
kance at me, with an expression of counte-
nance that seemed to say, â€˜â€˜ He can do me
no harm; however, [ may as well have a
swim.â€ I took aim at the throat of this super-
cilious brute, and, as soon as my hand stea-
died, the very pulsation of my finger pulled
the trigger. Bang! went the gun; whizz!
flew the bullet; and my excited ear could
catch the thud with which it plunged into the
18 CROCODILE SHOOTING.
scaly leather of his neck. His waddle became
a plunge, the waves closed over him, and the
sun shone on the calm water, as I reached the
brink of the shore, that was still indented by
the waving of his gigantic tail. But there is
blood upon the water, and he rises for a mo-
ment to the surface. â€˜* A hundred piasters
for the timseach,â€ I exclaimed, and half-a-
dozen Arabs plunged into the stream. There'
he rises again, and the blacks dash at him as
if he hadnâ€™t a tooth in his head. Now he is
gone, the waters close over him, and I never
saw him since. From that time we saw hun-
dreds of crocodiles of all sizes, and fired shots,
â€”enough of them for a spanish revolution ;
but we never could get possession of any,
even if we hit them, which to this day re-
Hemarkehle Sustowe of Courage in o Cody.
In the Life of Thomas Day, Esq., an anecdote is re.
lated of Miss Bâ€”, afterwards Mrs. Day, shewing
with what remarkablo effect presence of mind and
courage can tame the ferocity of the brute creation.
Miss B. was, on one occasion, walking in
company with another young lady through a
field, when a bull came running up to them
with all the marks of malevolence. Her
friend began to run towards the stile, but.
was prevented by Miss B., who told her,
that as she could not reach the stile soon
enough to save herself, and as it is the nature
of these animals to attack persons in flight,
her life would be in great danger if she at-
tempted to run, and would be inevitably lost
if she chanced to fall; but that, if she would
steal gently to the stile, she herself would
take off the bullâ€™s attention from her, by
standing between them. Accordingly, turn-
ing her face towards the animal with the
firmest aspect she could assume, she fixed
her eyes steadily upon his. It is said by
travellers, that a lion itself may be controlled
REMARKABLE INSTANCE OF FEMALE COURAGE.
by the steady looks of a human being; but
that, no sooner a man turns his back, than
the beast springs upon him as his prey. Miss
B., to whom this property of animals seems
to have been known, had the presence of
mind to apply it to the safety of her friend
and of herself. By her steady aspect she
checked the bullâ€™s career ; but he shewed the
strongest marks of indignation at being so
controlled, by roaring and tearing the ground
with his feet and horns. While he was thus
engaged in venting his rage on the turf, she
cautiously retreated a few steps, without re-
moving her eyes from him. When he ob-
served that she had retreated, he advanced
till- she stopped, and then he also stopped,
and again renewed his frantic play. Thus by
repeated degrees she at length arrived at the
stile, where she accomplished her safety ; and
thus, by a presence of mind rarely seen in a
person of her youth and sex, she not only
saved herself, but also, at the hazard of her
own life, protected her friend. Some days
afterwards, this bull gored its master.
Subion Field Sports.
We give a few anecdotes illustrative of the above, from
a work intitled â€˜â€˜ Sketches of Field Sports, as fol-
lowed by the Natives of India,â€ from the reading of
which we have derived much pleasure. The autho-
rity is Dr. Johnson, East India Gompanyâ€™s Service.
He begins by informing his readers, that the â€˜ Shecar-
riesâ€ (or professed hunters) are generally Hindoos
of a low caste, who gain their livelihood entirely by
catching birds, hares, and all sorts of animals;
some of them confine themselves to catching birds
and hares, whilst others practise the art of catching
birds and various animals; another description of
them live by destroying tigers.
METHOD OF CATCHING BIRDS.
Tose who catch birds equip themselves with
a framework of split bamboos, resembling the
frame of a paper kite, the shape of the top of
a coffin, and the height of a man, to which
green bushes are fastened, leaving two loop-
holes to see through, and onc lower down for
their rod to be inserted through. This frame-
work, which is very light, they fasten before
them. when they are in the act of catching
22 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
birds, by which means they have both hands
at liberty, and are completely concealed from
the view of the birds. The rod which they
use is about twenty-four feet long resem-
bling a fishing-rod, the parts of which are
inserted within one another and the whole
contained in a walking-stick.
They also carry with them horse-hair nooses
of different sizes and strength, which they fas-
ten to the rod: likewise bird-lime, and a va~
riety of calls for the different kinds of birds,
with which they imitate them to the greatest
nicety. They take with them likewise two
lines to which horse-hair nooses are attached
for catching larger birds, and a bag or net. to
carry their game.
Thus equipped, they sally forth, and as
they proceed through the different covers
they use calls for such birds as generally re-
sort there, which from constant practice is
well known to them, and if any birds answer
their call they prepare accordingly for catch-
ing them ; supposing it to be a bevy of quail,
they continue calling them, until they get
INDIAN FIELD SPORTS. 23
quite close ; they then arm the top of their
rod with a feather smeared with bird-lime,
and pass it through the loop-hole in their
frame of ambush, and to which they continue
adding other parts, until they have five or six
out, which they use with great dexterity, and
touch one of the quail with the feather, which
adheres to them; they then withdraw the
rod, arm it again, and touch three or four
more in the same manner before they attempt
to secure any of them.
In this way they catth all sorts of small birds
not much Jarger than quail, on the ground
and in trees. If a brown or black partridge
answers their call, instead of bird-lime, they
fasten a horse-hair noose to the top of their
rod, and when they are close to the birds, they
keep dipping the top of their rod with" con-
siderable skill until they fasten the noose on
one of their necks; they then draw him in, and
go on catching others in the same way. It is
surprising to see with what cool perseverance
they proceed. In a similar manner they. catch
all kinds of birds, nearly the size of partridges-
24 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
A Servant of Mr. William Hunterâ€™s, by name
Thomas Jones,who lived at Chitirah, had a full
grown hyena which ran loose about his house
like a dog, and I have seen him play with it
with as much familiarity. They feed on small
animals and carrion, and I believe often come
in for the prey left by. tigers and leopards after
their appetites have been satiated. They are
great enemies of dogs,and killnumbers of them.
The natives of India affirm that tigers, pan-
thers, and leopards, have a great aversion to
hyenas, on account of their destroying their
young, which I believe they have an opportu-
nity of doing, as the parents leave them during
the greatest part of the day. The inhabitants,
therefore, feel no apprehension in taking away
the young whenever they find them, knowing
the dam is seldomnear. - - . Hyenasare
slow in their pace, and altogether inactive ; I
have often seen a few terriers keep them at
bay, and bite them severely by the hind quar-
INDIAN FIELD SPORTS. 25
ter; their jaws, however, are exceedingly
strong, and a single bite, without holding on
more than a few seconds, is sufficient to killa
large dog, They stink horribly, make no
earths of their own, lie under rocks, or resort
to the earths of wolves, as foxes do to those of
badgers; and it is not uncommon to find
wolves and hyenas in the same bed of earths.
Iwas informed by several gentlemen, of
whose veracity I could not doubt, that Captain
Richards, of the Bengal Native Infantry, had
a servant of the tribe of Shecarries, who was
in the habit of going into the earths of wolves,
fastening strings on them, and on the legs of
hyenas, and then drawing them out; he con-
stantly supplied his master and the gentlemen
at the station with them, who let them loose
on a plain, and rode after them with spears,
for practice and amusement. This man pos-
sessed such an acute and exquisite sense of
smelling, that he could always tell by it if
there were any animals in the earths, and
could distinguish whether they were hyenas
26 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
Bears will often continue on the road in
front of the palanquin for a mile or two,
tumbling and playing all sorts of antics, as if
they were taught to do so. I believe it is
their natural disposition ; for they certainly
are the most amusing creatures imaginable in
their wild state. It is no wonder that with
monkeys they are led about to amuse man-
kind. It is astonishing, as well as ludicrous
to see them climb rocks, and tumble or rather
roll down precipices. If they are attacked
by any person on horseback, they stand erect
on their hind legs, shewing a fine set of white
teeth, and making a cackling kind of noise.
If the horse comes near them, they try to
catch him by the legs, and if they miss him,
they tumble over and over several times.
They are easily speared by a person mounted
on a horse that is bold enough to go near them.
INDIAN FIELD SPORTS. 27
SAGACITY OF THE ELEPHANT.
An elephant belonging to Mr. Boddam, of the
Bengal Civil Service, at Gyah, used every day
to pass over a small bridge leading from his
masterâ€™s house into the town of Gyah. He
one day refused to go over it, and it was with
great difficulty, by goring him most cruelly
with the Hunkuss [iron instrument], that the
Mahout [driver] could get him to venture on
the bridge, the strength of which he first tried
with his trunk, shewing clearly that he sus-
pected that it was not sufficiently strong. At
last he went on, and before he could get over,
the bridge gave way, and they were precipi-
tated into the ditch, which killed the driver,
and considerably injured the elephant. It is
reasonable to suppose that the elephant must
have perceived its feeble state when he last
passed over it. It is a well known fact, that
elephants will seldom or ever go over strange
bridges, without first trying with their trunks
if they be sufficiently strong to bear their
weight,â€”nor will they ever go into a boat
without doing the same.
28 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
I had a remarkably quiet and docile ele-
phant, which one day came home loaded with
branches of trees for provender, followed by
anumber of villagers, calling for mercy (their
usual cry when ill used); complaining that
the Mahout had stolen a kid from them, and
that it was then on the elephant, under the
branches of the trees. The AMahkout took an
opportunity of decamping into the village and
hiding himself. I ordered the elephant to be
unloaded, and was surprised to see that he
would not allow any person to come near to
him, when at all other times he was perfectly
tractable and obedient. Combining all the
circumstances, I was-convinced that the Ma-
hout was guilty, and to get rid of the noise,
Irecompensed the people for the loss of their
kid. As soon as they were gone away, the
elephant allowed himself to be unloaded, and
the kid was found under the branches, as
described by the people. I learnt from my
Sarcar, that similar complaints had been made
to him before, and that the rascal of a Mahout
made it a practice to ride the elephant into
INDIAN FIELD SPORTS. 29
the midst of a herd of goats, and had taught
him to pick up any of the young ones he di-
rected ; he had also accustomed him to steal
their pumpions and other vegetables, that
grew against the inside of their fences like
French beans, which could only be reached
by an elephant. He was-the best Mahout I
ever knew, and so great a rogue that I was
obliged to discharge him.
The very day that he left my service, the
elephantâ€™s eyes were closed, which he did not
open again in less than a fortnight, when it
was discovered that he was blind. Two small
eschars, one in each eye, were visible, which
indicated pretty strongly that he had been
made blind by some sharp instrument, most
probably by a heated needle. The suspicion
was very strong against the former keeper, of
whom I never heard anything after. The
elephant I frequently rode on, shooting, -for
many years after this, through heavy covers,
intersected with ravines, rivers, and over hol-
low and uneven ground, and he scarcely ever
made a false step with me, and never once
30 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
tumbled. He used to touch the ground with
his trunk on every spot where his feet were
to be placed, and in so light and quick a man-
ner as scarcely to be perceived. The Mahout
would often make him remove large stones,
lumps of earth, or timber, out of his way, fre-
quently climb up and down banks that no
horse could get over. He would also occa-
sionally break off branches of trees that were
in the way of the Howdah, to enable me topass.
Although perfectly blind, he was con-
sidered one of the best sporting elephants of
his small size in the country, and he travelled
at a tolerably good rate, and was remarkably
easy in his paces.
ANECDOTES OF THE TIGER.
â€˜AN occurrence nearly similar happened to me
soon after, which put an end to my shooting
on foot. From that time to the period of my
leaving Chittrah, which was many years after,
T always went out to shoot on an elephant.
â€˜The circumstance I allude to was as follows:
INDIAN FIELD SPOKTS. 31
â€”Fifty or sixty people were beating a thick
cover. I was on the outside of it, with a man
holding my horse, and another servant witha
hogâ€™s spear, when those who were driving the
cover called Suer / Suer / which is the Hindoo-
stanee name for hog. Seeing something move
the bushes about twenty yards from me, and
supposing it to be a hog, I fired at the spot,
with ten or a dozen small balls. Instantly on
the explosion of my gun, a tiger roared out,
and came galloping straight towards us. I
dipped under the horseâ€™s belly, and got on
the opposite side from him. He came within
a few yards of us, and then turned off growl-
ing into the cover.
â€˜When the people came out, they brought
with them a dead hog, partly devoured. These
two cases, I think, shew clearly that tigers are
naturally cowardly. They generally take their
prey by surprise; and whenever they attack
openly, it is reasonable to conclude that they
must be extremely hungry ; which I believe
is often the case, as their killing animals of
the forest must be very precarious. It is the
32 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
general opinion of the inhabitants, that when
a tiger has tasted human blood he prefers it
to all other food. A year or two sometimes
elapses without any one being killed by a tiger
for several miles round, although they are
often seen in that space, and are known to
destroy cattle: but as soon as one man is kil-
led, others shortly after share the same fate.
This, I imagine, is the reason why the natives
entertain an idea that they prefer men to all
other food. Iaccount for it otherwise. Tigers
are naturally afraid of men, and, in the first
instance, seldom attack them, unless com-
pelled by extreme hunger. When once they
have ventured an attack, they find them much
easier prey than most animals of the forest,
and always to be met with near villages, and
on public roads, without the trouble of hunt-
ing about for them through the covers.
â€˜A tigress with two cubs lurked about the
Kutkumsandy pass, and during two months
Killed a man almost every day, and on some
days two. Ten or twelve of the people be-
longing to government (carriers of the post-
INDIAN FIELD SPOBTS. 33
bags) were of the number. In fact, the com-
munication between the Presidency and the
upper provinces was almost entirely cut off.
The government, therefore, was induced to
offer a large reward to any person who killed
She was fired at, and, adds Mr. J., never...
Â«heard of after ;â€ from which it may be pre-
sumed she was wounded. It is fortunate for
the inhabitants of that country, that tigers
seldom survive any wound ; their blood being
always in a state predisposing to putrefaction,
a consequence of the extreme heat, and their
living entirely on animal food. ......
Two Biparies* were driving a string of
loaded bullocks to Chsttrah from Palamow.
When they were come within a few miles of
the former place, a tiger seized on the man
in the rear, which was seen bya Guallah
[herdsman], as he was watching his buffaloes
grazing. He boldly ran to the manâ€™s assist-
+ Bipar signifies merchandise, and Biparies are
people who buy grain and other articles, which they
transport from one part of the country to another on
34 Opinions of the London & Provincial Press
ment, in which all the powers of the mind are
dulyâ€™ excited and exercised; and of all the
juvenile works before the public intended fon
â€˜this important end, there are none so well cal:
culated to ensure success as the series of Cate-
chisms of the Rev. T. Wxson, to which we
have so often adverted, and which we would
most cordially recommend to the notice of our
numerous scholastic readers.â€
â€œ As serials for children, and well adapted to
woo the infant mind to the acquaintance of
knowledge, we can confidently recommend
these Catechisms, which, for perspicuity of
style, and accuracy of information, have not
â€œMr. Wutsonâ€™s Catechisms, which have
superseded those of Prwnocx, appear to have
avoided the defects of the ancient pedagogue.
They are written by different eminent indi-
viduals, each subject having been wisely
intrusted to a person peculiarly conversant
with it; but all have worked together in
harmony with the common design, and the
result is a series of Catechisms for schools and
families, which not only bring down the in-
formation to the present state of knowledge in
ev branch, but convey it in a form adapted
comprehension of those who have to
INDIAN FIELD SPORTS. 35
struck at her with his two fore paws; one on
the neck, and the other on the breast. This,
if I may judge from the number I have seen
wounded, is their usual,way of attacking men.
The old woman was six months under my
care, and at last recovered.
As an old Mahometan priest was travelling
at mid-day on horseback, within a few miles
of Chittrah, with his son, an athletic young
man, walking by his side, they heard a tiger
roaring near them. The son urged his father
to hasten on; the old man continued at aslow
pace, observing that there was no danger, the
tiger would not molest them. He then began
counting his beads, and offering his prayers
to the Almighty; in the act of which he was
knocked off his horse, and carried away by
the tiger; the son ran after them, and cut the
tiger with his sword ; he dropped the father,
seized the son, and carried him off. The
father was brought to Chitirah, and died the
same day; the son was never heard of after-
wards. In this instance, I think, the tiger
must haye been ravenously hungry, or he
36 INDIAN FIELD SPORTS.
would not have roared when near his prey;
it is what they seldom or ever do, except in
the very act of seizing............-
Some idea may be formed how numerous
the tigers must have been at one period in
Bengal, from the circumstance, that one
gentleman is reported to have killed upwards
of three hundred and sixty.
Death of Sir Sou unre.
From Mr. Southey's History of the Peninsular War,
a work of sterling merit.
Marsuat Sovurtâ€™s intention was to force the
right of the British, and thus to interpose be-
tween Corunna and the army, and cut it off
from the place of embarkation. Failing in
this attempt, he was now endeavouring to out-
flank it. Half of the 4th regiment was there-
fore ordered to fall back, forming an obtuse
angle with the other half. This manceuvre
was excellently performed, and they com-
menced a heavy flanking fire: Sir John Moore
called out to them, that this was exactly what
he wanted to be done, and rode on to the
50th, commanded by Majors Napier and Stan-
hope. They got over an inclosure in their
front, charged the enemy most gallantly, and
drove them out of the village of Elvina; but
Major Napier, advancing too far in the pur-
38 DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE.
suit, received several wounds, and was made
prisoner, and Major Stanhope was killed.
The General now proceeded to the 42nd.
Â«Â« Highlanders,â€ said he, â€˜remember Egypt!â€
They rushed on, and drove the French be-
fore them, till they were stopped by a wall.
Sir John accompanied them in this charge.
He now sent Captain Hardinge to order up
a battalion of Guards to the left flank of the
42nd. The officer commanding the light in-
fantry conceived at this that they were to be
relieved by the Guards, because their ammu-
nition was nearly expended, and he began to
fall back. The General, discovering the mis-
take, said to them, â€˜â€˜ My brave 42nd, join
your comrades: ammunition is coming, and
you have your bayonets!â€ Upon this, they
instantly moved forward. Captain Hardinge
returned, and pointed out to the General
where the Guards were advancing. The
enemy kept up a hot fire, and their artillery
played incessantly on the spot where they
were standing. A cannon-shot struck Sir
John, and carried away his left shoulder, and
DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE. 39
part of the collar-bone, leaving the arm hang-
ing by the flesh. He fell from his horse on
his back ; his countenance did not change,
neither did he betray the least sensation of
pain. Captain Hardinge, who dismounted,
and took him by the hand, observed him
anxiously watching the 42nd, which was
warmly engaged, and told him they were ad-
vancing; and upon that intelligence his coun-
tenance brightened. Colonel Graham, who
now came up to assist him, seeing the com-
posure of his features, began to hope that he
was not wounded, till he perceived the dread-
ful laceration. â€˜From the size of the wound,
it was in vain to make any attempt at stop-
ping the blood ; and Sir John consented to
be removed in a blanket to the rear. In
raising him up, his sword, hanging on the
wounded side, touched his arm, and became
entangled between his legs. Captain Har-
dinge began to unbuckle it ; but the General
said, in his usual tone and manner, and in a
distinct voice, â€œIt is as well as it is; I had
rather it should go out of the field with me.â€
40 DEATH OF SIk JOHN MOORE.
Six soldiers of the 42nd and the Guards bore
him. Hardinge, observing his composure,
began to hope that the wound might not be
mortal, and said to him, he trusted he might
be spared to the army, and recover. Moore
turned his head, and looking stedfastly at the
wound for a few seconds, replied, â€˜â€œâ€˜No, Har-
dinge, I feel that to be impossible.â€
As the soldiers were carrying him slowly
along, he made them frequently turn round,
that he might see the field of battle, and lis-
ten to the firing; and he was well pleased
when the sound grew fainter. A spring-
wagon came up, bearing Colonel Wynch, who
â€˜was wounded: the colonel asked who was in
the blanket, and being told it was Sir John
Moore, wished him to be placed in the wagon.
Sir John asked one of the Highlanders whe-
ther he thought the wagon or the blanket
was best? and the man said the blanket would
not shake him so much, as he and the other
soldiers would keep the step, and carry him
easy. So they proceeded with him to his
quarters at Corunna, weeping as they went...
DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE. 41
The General lived to hear that the battle
was won. â€˜Are the French beaten ?â€ was
the question which he repeated to every one
who came into his apartment; and he ex-
pressed how great a satisfaction it was to him
to know that they were defeated. â€œI hope,â€
he said, â€œ the people of England will be satis-
fied! I hope my country will do me justice.â€
Then, addressing Colonel Anderson, who had
been his friend and companion in arms for
one-and-twenty years, he said to him, â€˜ An-
derson, you know that I have always wished
to die this wayâ€”You will see my friends as
soon as you can:â€”tell them everythingâ€”
Say to my motherâ€â€”But here his voice failed,
he became excessively agitated, and did not
again venture to â€˜name her. Sometimes he
asked to be placed in an easier posture. â€œI
feel myself so strong,â€ he said, â€œI fear I shall
be long dying. It is great uneasinessâ€”it is
great pain.â€ But, after a while, he pressed
Andersonâ€™s hand close to his body, and, in a
few minutes, died without a struggle. He
fell, as it had ever been his wish to do, in
42 DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE,
battle and in victory. No man was more
beloved in private life, nor was there any
general in the British army so universally
respected. All men had thought him worthy
of the chief command. Had he been less
circumspect,â€”had he looked more ardently
forward, and less anxiously around him, and
on all sides, and behind,â€”had he been more
confident in himself and in his army, and im-
pressed with less respect for the French
Generals, he would have been more equal
to the difficulties of his situation. Despon-
dency was the radical weakness of his mind.
Personally he was as brave a man as ever
met death in the field; but he wanted faith
in British courage: and it is faith by which
miracles are wrought in war as well as in re-
ligion. But let it ever be remembered with
gratitude, that, when some of his general
officers advised him to conclude the retreat
by a capitulation, Sir John Moore preserved
the honour of England.
He had often said that, if he were killed
in battle, he wished to be buried where he
DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE. 43
fell. The body was removed at midnight to
the citadel of Corunna. A grave was dug
for him on the rampart there, by a party of
the 9th regiment, the aides-du-camp attend-
ing by turns. No coffin could be procured ;
and the officers of his staff wrapped the body,
dressed as it was, in a military cloak and
blankets. The interment was hastened, for,
about eight in the morning, some firing was
heard, and they feared that, if a serious at-
tack were made, they should be ordered
away, and not suffered to pay him their last
duty. The officers of his staff bore him to
the grave; the funeral service was read by
the chaplain; and the corpse was covered
Thus, with a solemn splendour and a sad
glory, closed the career of a gallant but un-
44: opE ON THE DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE.
We subjoin the beautiful Ode on the Death of Sir
John, written by the Rev. Mr. Wolfe :-â€”
THE BURIAL OF SIR JOHN MOORE.
Nor a drum was heard, not a funeral-note,
As his corse to the ramparts we hurried ;
Not a soldier discharged his farewell-shot
Oâ€™er the grave where our hero we buried.
â€˜We buried him darkly at dead of night,
The sods with our bayonets turning,
By the straggling moonbeamâ€™s misty light,
And the lantern dimly burning.
No useless coffin inclosed his breast,
Not in sheet or in shroud we wound him,
But he lay like a warrior taking his rest,
With his martial cloak around him.
Few and short were the prayers we said,
And we spoke not a word of sorrow ;
But we stedfastly gazed on the face that was dead,
And we bitterly thought of the morrow.
We thought, as we hallowed his narrow bed,
And smoothed down his lonely pillow, _[head,
That the foe and the sti anger would tread o'er his
And we far away on the billow!
ODE ON THE DEATH OF SIR JOHN MOORE. 45
Lightly they'll talk of the spirit thatâ€™s gone,
And oâ€™er his cold ashes upbraid him,â€”
But little hell reck, if they let him sleep on
In the grave where a Briton has laid him.
But half of our heavy task was done,
When the clock struck the hour for retiring ;
And we heard the distant and random gun
That the foe was sullenly firing.
Slowly and sadly we laid him down,
From the field of his fame fresh and gory;
We carved not a line, and we raised not a stoneâ€”
But we left him alone with his glory.
Sir R. K. Porter, in his travels in Persia, met with
the sufferer from despotic tyranny and cruelty whose
story is here related. He informs us, that the be-
nignity of this personâ€™s countenance, united with
the crippled state of his venerable frame, from the
effects of his precipitation from the terrible height
of execution, excited his curiosity to inquire into
the particulars of so amazing a preservation.
ENTERING into conversation on the amiable
characters of the reigning royal family of Per-
sia, and comparing the present happiness of
his country under their rule, with its misery
during the sanguinary usurpation of the tyrant
Nackee Khan, the good old man, who had
himself been so signal an example of that
misery, was easily Jed to describe the extra-
ordinary circumstances of his own case,
Being connected with the last horrible acts,
and consequent fall of the usurper, a double
interest accompanied his recital, the substance
of which was nearly as follows :â€”.
Having by intrigues and assassinations made
PERSIAN TYRANNY. 47
himself master of the regal power at Shiraz,
this monster of human kind found that the
governor of Ispahan, instead of adhering to
him, had proclaimed the accession of the law-
ful heir. No sooner was the intelligence
brought to Nackee Khan than he put him-
self at the head of his troops, and set forward
to revenge his contemned authority. When
he arrived as far as Yezdikast, he encamped
his army for a short halt, near the tomb on
the northside. Being as insatiable of money
as bleod, he sent to the inhabitants of Yez-
dikast, and demanded an immense sum in
gold, which he insisted should instantly be
paid to his messengers. Unable to comply,
the fact was respectfully pleaded in excuse,
namely, â€œthat all the money the city had
possessed was already taken away by his own
officers, and those of the opposite party ; and
that, at present, there was scarce a tomaun
in the place.â€ Enraged at this answer, he
repaired, full of wrath, to the town, and, or-
dering eighteen of the principal inhabitants
to be brought before him, again demanded
48 PERSIAN TYRANNY.
the money, but with threats and imprecations
which made the hearers tremble. . Still, how-
ever, they could only return the same answer
â€”* their utter inability to pay ;â€ and the
tyrant, without a moment's preparation, eom-
manded the men to be seized, and hurled from
the top of the precipice in his sight. Most of
them were instantly killed on the spot; others,
cruelly maimed, died in terrible agonies where
they fell; and the describer of the dreadful
scene was the only one who survived. He could
form no idea of how long he lay after preci-
pitation, utterly senseless; â€˜â€˜ but,â€ added he,
â€œÂ© by the will of God I breathed again, and, on
opening my eyes, found myself among the
dead and mangled bodies of my former neigh-
bours and friends. Some yet groaned.â€ He
then related that, in the midst of his horror
at the sight, he heard sounds of yet more ter-
rible acts, from the top of the cliff, and, mo-
mentarily strengthened by fear of he knew not
what, for he believed that death had already
grasped his own poor shattered frame, he
managed to crawl away, unperceived, into one
PERSIAN TYRANNY. 49
of the numerous caverned holes which perfo-
rate the foot of the steep. He lay therein an
expiring state the whole night, but in the
morning was providentially discovered bysome
of the townâ€™s people, who came to seek the
bodies of their murdered relatives, to mourn
over and take them away for burial. The
poor man, feeble as he was, called to these
weeping groups, who, to their astonishment
and joy, drew out one survivor from the dread-
ful heap of slain. No time was lost in convey-
ing him home, and administering every kind
of assistance, but many months elapsed before
he was able to move from his house, so deep
had been the injuries inflicted in his fall.
In the course of his awful narrative, he told
us that the noise which had so appalled him,
as he lay among the blood-stained rocks, was
indeed the acting of a new cruelty of the usur-
per. After having witnessed the execution of
his sentence on the eighteen citizens, whose
asseverations he had determined not to be-
lieve, Nackee Khan immediately sent for a
devout man, called Saied Hassan, who was
50 PERSIAN TYRANNY.
considered the sage of the place, and, for his
charities, greatly beloved by the people.
Â«â€œâ€˜ This man,â€ said the Khan, â€œ being a des-
cendant of the Prophet, must know the truth,
and will tell it me. He shall find me those
who canandwill pay the money.â€ But the
answer given by the honest Saied being pre-
cisely the same with that of the innocent vic-
tims who had already perished, the tyrantâ€™s
fury knew no bounds, and, rising from his seat,
he ordered the holy man to be rent asunder in
his presence, and then thrown over the rock, to
increase the monument of his vengeance below.
It was the tumult of this most dreadful
execution which occasioned the noise that
drove the affrighted narrator to the shelter of
any hole from the eye of merciless man. But
the cruel scene did not end here. Even in the
yet sensible ear of the Saied, expiring in ago-
nies, his execrable murderer ordered that his
wife and daughters should be given up to the
soldiers, and that, in punishment of such uni-
versal rebellion in the town, the whole place
should be razed to the ground. But this last
PERSIAN TYRANNY. 51
act of blood on a son of the Prophet cost the
perpetrator his life. For the soldiers them-
selves, and the nobles who had been partisans
of the usurper, were so struck with horror at
the sacrilegious murder, and appalled with the
threatened guilt of violating women of the
sacred family, that they believed a curse must
follow the abettors of suchaman. The next
step, in their minds, was to appease heaven
by the immolation of the offender ; and, in the
course of that very night, a band of his ser-
vants cut the cords of his tent, which, instantly
falling in upon him, afforded them a secure op-
portunity of burying their poniardsin his body-
The first strokes were followed by thousands.
So detested was the wretch that in a few mi-
nutes his remains were hewn and torntopieces.
It does not become men to lift the veil which
lies over the whole doom of a ruthless mur-
derer ; but there is something in the last mor-
tal yell of a tyrant, whether it be a Robespierre
or a Nackee Khan, which sounds as if mingled.
with-a dreadful echo from the eternal shore.
Sketches in Virginia.
The Rock Bridge is described by Mr. Jefferson, late
President of the United States, as one of the most
sublime of the productions of Nature. It is on the
ascent of a hill which seems to have been cloven
through its length by some great convulsion of
Although the sides of the bridge are provided in some
parts with a parapet of fixed rocks, yet few persons
have resolution to walk to them, and look over into
the abyss. The passenger involuntarily falls on his
hands, creeps to the parapet, and peeps over it.
Looking down from this height for the space of a
minute occasions a violent headache, and the view
from beneath is delightful in the extreme, as much
as that from above is exquisitely painful.
The following beautiful sketch is fram the pen of the
Rev. John Todd, of Philadelpbia, author of the
Student's Manual, Simple Sketches, and other ad-
Ow a lovely morning towards the close of
spring, I found myself in a very beautiful part
of the great valley of Virginia. Spurred on
by impatience, I beheld the sun nsing in
splendour, and changing the blue tints on the
tops of the lofty Alleghany mountains into
ROCK BRIDGE. 53
streaks of purest gold; and nature seemed to
smile in the freshness of beauty. A ride of
about fifteen miles, and a pleasant woodland
ramble of about two, brought myself and my
companion to the great Narurat Brince.
Although I had been anxiously looking
forward to this time, and my mind had been
considerably excited by expectation, yet T
was not altogether prepared for this visit.
This great work of nature is considered by
many as the second great curiosity in our
country, Niagara Falls being the first. I do
not expect to convey a very correct idea of
this bridge, for no description can do this.
The Natural Bridge is entirely the work
of God. It is of solid limestone, and con-
nects two huge mountains together by a most
beautiful arch over which there is a great
wagon road. Its length from one mountain
to the other is nearly eighty feet, its width
about thirty-five, its thickness forty-five, and
its perpendicular height above the water is
not far from two hundred and twenty feet.
A few bushes grow on its top, by which the
bt. ROCK BRIDGE.
traveller may hold himself as he looks over.
On each side of the stream, and near the
bridge, are rocks projecting ten or fifteen feet
over the water, and from two hundred to
three hundred feet from its surface, all of
limestone. The visitor cannot give so good
a description of the bridge as he can of his
feelings at the time. He softly creeps out on
a shaggy projecting rock, and, looking down
a chasm from forty to sixty feet wide, he sees;
nearly three hundred feet below, a wild stream
foaming and dashing against the rocks be.
neath, as if terrified at the rocks above. This
stream is called Cedar Creek. He sees under
the arch trees whose height is seventy feet,
and yet, as he looks down upon them, they
appear like small bushes of perhaps two or
three feet in height. I saw several birds fly
under the arch, and they looked like insects.
I threw down a stone, and counted thirty~
four before it reached the water. All hear
of heights and of depths, but they here see
what is high, and they tremble, and feed it to
be deep. The awful rocks present their ever-
ROCK BRIDGE. 55
lasting butments, the water murmurs and
foams far below, and the two mountains rear
their proud heads on each side, separated by
a channel of sublimity. Those who view the
sun, the moon, and the stars, and allow that
none but God could make them, will here
be impressed that none but an Almighty God
could build 2 bridge like this.
The view of the bridge from below is as
pleasing as the top view is awful. The arch
from beneath would seem to be about two feet
in thickness. Some idea of the distance from
the top to the bottom may be formed, from the
fact, that as I stood on the bridge and my
companion beneath, neither of us could speak
sufficiently loud to be heard by the other. A
man, from either view, does not appear more
than four or five inches in height.
As we stood under this beautiful arch, we
saw the place where visitors have often taken
the pains to engrave their names upon the
rock. Here Washington climbed up twenty-
five feet, and carved his own name, where it
still remains. Some, wishing to immortalise
56 ROCK BRIDGE.
their names, have engraven them deep and
large, while others have tried to climb up and
insert them high in this book of fame.
â€˜A few years since, a young man, being am-
Ditious to place his name above all others,
was very near losing his life in the attempt.
After much fatigue he climbed up as high as
possible, but found that the person who had
before occupied his place was taller than him-
self, and consequently had placed his name
above his reach. But he was not thus to be
discouraged. He opened a large jack-knife,
and, in the soft limestone, began to cut places
for his hands and feet. With much patience
and industry he worked his way upwards, and
succeeded in carving his name higher than the
most ambitious had done before him. He
could now triumph, but his triumph was short;
for he was placed in such a situation that it
was impossible to descend, unless he fell upon
the ragged rocks beneath him. â€˜There was
no house near, from whence his companions
could get assistance. He could not long re-
main in that condition, and, what was worse,
ROCK BRIDGE. ST
his friends were too much frightened to do
anything for his relief. They looked upon
him as already dead, expecting every moment
to see him precipitated upon the rocks below
and dashed to pieces. Not so with himself.
He determined to ascend. Accordingly he
plies the rock with his knife, cutting places
for his hands and feet, and gradually ascended
with incredible labour. He exerts every mus-
cle. His life was at stake, and all the terrors
of death rose before him. He dared not look
downwards, lest his head should become digzy ;
and perhaps on this circumstance his life de-
pended. His companions stood on the top of
the rock, exhorting and encouraging him.
His strength was almost exhausted ; but a bare
possibility of saving his life still remained ;
and hope, the last friend of the distressed,
had not yet forsaken him. His course up-
wards was rather oblique than perpendicular.
His most critical moment had now arrived.
He had ascended considerably more than two
hundred feet, and had still further to rise,
when he felt himself fast growing weak. He
58 ROCK BRIDGE.
thought of his friends, and all his earthly joys,
and he could not leave them. He thoughtof
the grave, and dared not meet it. He now
made his last effort and succeeded. He had
cut his way not far from two hundred and
fifty feet from the water, in a coursÃ© almost
perpendicular ; and in a little less than two
hours, his anxious companions reached him
a pole from the top, and drew himup. They
received him with shouts of joy, but he him-
self was completely exhausted. He immedi-
ately fainted on reaching the top, and it was
some time before he could be recovered!
It was interesting to see the path up these
awful rocks, and to follow in imagination this
bold youth as he thus saved his life. His
name stands far above all the rest, a monu-
ment of hardihood, of rashnesÂ§, and of folly.
We lingered around this seat of grandeur
about four hours ; but, from my own feelings,
I should not have supposed it over half an
hour. There is alittle cottage near, lately
built; here we were desired to write our
names, as visitors of the bridge, in a large
WIERâ€™s CAVE. 59
book kept for this purpose. Two large
volumes were nearly filled in this manner al-
ready. Having immortalised our names by
enrolling them in this book, we slowly and
sitently returned to our horses, wondering at
this great work of nature; and we could not
but be filled with astonishment at theamazing
power of Him who can clothe Himself in
wonderand terror, or throw around His works
a mantle of sublimity.
About three daysâ€™ ride from the Natural Bridge brought
Mr. Todd and his companions toa place called Port
Republic, about twenty miles from the town of
Staunton. Here they prepared themselves to visit
this other natural curiosity.
Tux shower was now over, which had wet us
to the skinâ€”the sun was pouring down his
most scorching raysâ€”the heavy thunder had
gone by; we threw around our delighted eyes,
and beheld near us the lofty Alleghany rear-
ing his shaggy head. The south branch of
the Shenandoah river, with its banks covered
60 WIERâ€™S CAVE.
with beautiful trees, was murmuring at our
feetâ€”a lovely plain stretched below us, as far
as the eye could reach; and we, with our
guide, were now standing about half way up
a hill nearly two hundred feet high, and so
steep that a biscuit may be thrown from its
top into the river at its footâ€”we were stand-
ing at the mouth of Wierâ€™s Cave. This
cavern derives its name from Barnet Wier,
who discovered it in the year 1804. It is
situated near Madisonâ€™s Cave, so celebrated ;
though the latter cannot be compared with
There were three of us, besides our guide,
with lighted torches, and our loins girded,
now ready to descend into the cave. We
took our torches in our left hands and entered.
The mouth was so small that we could de-
scend only by creeping, one afteranother. A.
descent of almost twenty yards brought us into
the first room. The cave was exceedingly
cold, dark, and silent, like the chambers of
death. In this manner we proceeded, now
descending thirty or forty feetâ€”mnow ascend-
WIERâ€™S CAVE. 61
ing as highâ€”now creeping on our hands and
knees, and now walking in large roomsâ€”the
habitations of solitude. The mountain seems
to be composed almost wholly of limestone,
and by this means the cave is lined through-
out with the most beautiful incrustations and
stalactites of carbonated lime, which are form-
ed by the continual dripping of the water
through the roof. These stalactites are of
various and elegant shapes and colours, often
bearing a striking resemblance to animated
nature. At one place we saw over our heads
what appeared to be a waterfall of the most
beautiful kind. Nor could the imagination
be easily persuaded that it was not a reality.
You could see the water boiling and dashing
down,â€”see its white spray and foamâ€”but it
was all solid limestone.
Thus we passed onward in this world of
solitudeâ€”now stopping to admire the beau-
ties of a single stalactiteâ€”now wondering at
the magnificence of a large roomâ€”now creep-
ing through narrow passages, hardly wide
enough to admit the body of a man,â€”and
62 WIERâ€™S CAVE.
now walking in superb galleries, until we came
to the largestroom, called WAsHInGTon Hauu.
This is certainly the most elegant room I ever
saw. It is about two hundred and seventy
feet in length, about thirty-five in width, and
between thirty and forty feethigh. The roof
and sides are very beautifully adorned by
the tinsels which Nature has bestowed in
the greatest profusion, and which sparkle
like the diamond, while surveyed by the
light of torches. The floor is flat, and
smooth, and solid. I was foremost of our
little party in entering the room, and was not
a little startled as I approached the centre, to
see a figure, as it were, rising up before me
out of the solid rock. It was not far from
seven feet high, and corresponded in every
respect to the common idea of a ghost. It
â€˜was very white, and resembled a tall man
clothed in ashroud. I went up to it sideways,
though I could not really expect to meet a
ghost in a place like this. On examination
I found it was a very beautiful piece .of the
carbonate of lime, very transparent, and very
WIERâ€™S CAVE. 63
much in the shape ofa man. This is called
Wasuinetonâ€™s SratuEâ€”as if Nature would
do for this hero what his delivered country
has not doneâ€”rear a statue to his memory.
Here an accident happened which might
have been serious. One of our party had pur-
posely extinguished his light, lest we should
not have enough to last. My companion ac-
cidentally put out his light, and in sport.came
and blew out mine. We were now about six
teen hundred feet from daylight, with but am
feeble light, which the falling water might in
a moment have extinguished. Add to this,
that the person who held this light was at
some distance viewing some falling water.
Â« Conticuere omnes, intentique ora tenebant.â€
We, however, once more lighted our torches,
but, had we Siot been able to do so, we might,
at our Icisure, have contemplated the gloomi-
ness of the cavern, for no one would have
come to us till the next day. In one room
we found an excellent spring of water, which
64 WIER'â€™S CAVE.
boiled up as if to slake our thirst, then sunk
into the mountain, and was seen no more.
In another room was a noble pillar, called the
Tower or Baset. It is composed entirely
of stalactites of lime, or, as the appearance
would seem to suggest, of petrified water. It
is about thirty feet in diameter, and a little
more than ninety feet in circumference, and
not far from thirty feet high. There are pro-
bably millions of stalactites in this one pillar.
Thus we wandered on in this world within
â€˜world till we had visited twelve very beau~
tiful rooms, and as many creeping places, and
had now arrived at the end,â€”a distance from
our entrance of between twenty-four and
twenty-five hundred feet, or, what is about
its equal, half a mile from the mouth. We
here found ourselves exceedingly fatigued,
but our torches forbade us to tarry, and we
once more turned our lingering steps towards
the common world. When we arrived again
at Washington Hall, one of our company
three times discharged a pistol, whose report
was truly deafening; and as the sound rever-
WIERâ€™S CAVE. 65
berated and echoed through one room after
another till it died away in distance, it seemed
like the moaning of spirits. We continued
our wandering steps till we arrived once more
at daylight, having been nearly three hours
in the cavern. We were much fatigued,
covered with dirt, and in a cold sweat, yet
we regretted to leave it. From the farther
end of the cave I gathered some handsome
stalactites, which I put into my portmanta
and preserved as mementos of that dayâ€™s=mmE
â€˜To compare the Natural Bridge andsamtve
together as objects of curiosity, is exceedingly
difficult. Many consider the Bridge as the
greatest curiosity, but I think the Cavern is.
In looking at the Bridge we are filled with
awe, at the Cavern with delight. At the
Bridge we have several views that are awful;
at the Cave hundreds that are pleasing. At
the Bridge you stand and gaze in astonish-
ment; at the Cave awfulness is lost in beauty,
and grandeur is dressed in a thousand capti-
vating forms. At the Bridge you feel your-
self to be looking into another world; at the
66 WIERâ€™S CAVE.
Cave you find yourself already arrived there.
The one presents to us a God who is very
** wonderful in working ;â€ the other exhibits
the same power, but with it is blended love-
liness in a thousand forms. In each is vast-
ness. Greatness constitutes the whole of one,
but the other is elegant as well as great. Of
each we must retain lively impressions; and
to witness such displays of the Creatorâ€™s
ammer, must ever be considered as happy
@EMEs in our lives. While viewing scenes
TWlBhese, we must ever exalt the energy of
creating power, and sink under the thoughts
of our own insignificance. The works of
nature are admirably well calculated to im-
press us deeply with a sense of the mighty
power of God, who can separate two moun-
tains by a channel of awfulness, or fill the
bowels of a huge mountain with beauties,
that man, with all the aid of art, can only
admire, but never imitate.
Che Christian Slane.
We venture to extract another of Mr. Toddâ€™s Simple
Sketches, so charmingly are they described.
Tue sun had set, and I began to be anxious
to find a place of rest for the night, after a
dayâ€™s ride under a sultry sun. I was travel-
ling in South Carolina, and was now not far
from a branch of the Cooper river. The coun-
try here is a dead level, and its surfacamms
covered with thinly scattered pines. Ta
to an old churchâ€”it stood solitary ; ra
house in sight: it was built of wood, and
much decayed. The breezes of evening were
gently sighing through the tops of the long-
leaved pines which stood near, while still
nearer stood several large live-oaks, which
spread out their aged arms, as if to shelter
what was sacred. On their limbs hung, in
graceful folds, the long grey moss, as if a
mantle of mourning, waving over a few de-
cayed tombs at the east side of the church.
These oaks give the place a very sombre and
awful appearance; they seemed to stand as
68 THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE.
silent mourners over the dust of generations
that had sunk into the grave, and waiting in
solemn expectation that others would soon
come and lie beneath their shade in the long
sleep of death. The time of day, and the
sacredness of the spot, were so congenial to
my own feelings, that I involuntarily stopped
My curiosity was now excited by seeing a
@â„¢@mmeaced negro standing and gazing steadily
â€œ@mmmsmall decaying tomb. He seemed to be
irent, and did not observe me; his woolly
locks were whitened by age ; his countenance
was manly, though it bore the marks of sor-
row; he was leaning on his smooth-worn staff,
the companion of many years. I was some-
what surprised on seeing this aged African
silently meditating among the vestiges of the
dead, and accordingly roused him from his
reverie. He started at first, but his confi-
dence was soon gained. â€˜There is a spring in
the bosom of every Christian which throws a
joy into his heart whenever he meets a fel-
low-christian during his pilgrimage here be-
THE CEKISTIAN SLAVE. 69
low. I found the old negro to be aneminent
Christian, and we were soon acquainted. I
inquired what motive induced him, at that
hour of the day, to visit these tombs. Instead
of answering my question directly he gave me
the following account of himself, in broken
About sixty years ago, this negro was liv_
ing under his paternal roof in Africa. He
was the son of a chief of a small tribe, the
pride of his parents, and the delight comme
countrymen; none could more dexterotÂ®ly
throw the dart; none more skilfully guide
the fragile canoe over the bosom of the deep.
He was not far from twenty years of age,
when, on a fair summerâ€™s morn, he went in
his little canoe to spend the day in fishing.
About noon he paddled his bark to the shore,
and, under the shade of a beautiful palmetto-
tree, he reclined till the heat of noon-day
should be passed. He was young, healthy,
and active; he knew none whom he dreaded;
he was a stranger to fear, and he areamed
only of security, as he slept under the shade
THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE. 71
of his own native tree. Thus, while our sky
is encircled with the bow of happiness, we
forget that it may soon be overspread with
darkness. When this African awoke, he
found his hands bound behind him, his feet
fettered, and himself surrounded by several
white men, who were conveying him on board
of their ship,â€”it was a slave-ship. The ves-
sel had her cargo completed, and was ready
to sail. As they were unfurling the sails,
the son of Africa, with many others of ms
countrymen, for the last time cast his eyes
upon his native shores. Futurity was daplty
â€”was uncertain,â€”was despair. His bosom
thrilled with anguish as he threw his last
farewell look over the plains of his native
country. There was his native spot where
his ancestors had lived, there the home of his
infancy and childhood, there the place where
he had inhaled his earliest breathâ€”and to
tear him from these, seemed like breaking
the very strings of his heart.
After a melancholy passage, during which
the African was forced to wear double the
72 THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE.
irons, to receive double the number of lashes,
that any of his companions received ; on ac-
count of his refractory spirit, he was at length
landed and sold to a planter in the place
where he now resides. There is nothing new,
nothing novel or interesting, that ever takes
place in the life of a slaveâ€”describe one day,
and you write the. history of aslave. The
sun, indeed, continues to roll over him, hut
it sheds upon him no new joys, no new pros-
pects, no new hopes. So it was with the
subject of this narrative. His master was
naturally a man of a very humane disposition,
but his overseers were often little else than
compounds of vice and cruelty. In this
situation the negro lost all his natural inde-
pendence and bravery. He often attempted
to run away, but was as often taken and pun-
ished. Having no cultivated mind to which
he could look for consolationâ€”knowing of no
change that was ever to take place in his
situation,â€”he settled down in gloominess.
Often would he send a silent sigh for the
home of his youth; but his path shewed but
THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE. 13
few marks of happiness, and few rays of hope
for futurity were drawn by fancyâ€™s hand.
Sunk in despondency and vice, he was little
above the brutes around him.
In this situation he was accidentally met
by the good minister of the parish, who ad-
dressed him asa rational and immortal being,
and pressed upon him the first principles of
religion. This was a new subject ; for he had
never before looked beyond the narrow bounds
before him, nor had he ever dreamed of. a
world beyond this. After a long conversa-
tion on this subject, the minister made him
promise that he would now â€œattend to his
The clergyman could not, for many months
after this, obtain an interview with his new
pupil, who most carefully shunned him. But
though afraid to meet his minister, he still
felt an arrow of conviction in his heart.
Wherever he went, whether asleep or awake,
to use his own words, his promise, â€œme take
care of soul, stick close to him.â€ He now
began in earnest to seek â€˜â€˜ the one thing need-
74 THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE.
ful.â€ By the kindness of his master he
learned to read his Testament, and to inquire
more about Jesus. He was now very desirous
to see his minister, and before a convenient
opportunity occurred, he was in such distress
of mind as actually to attempt two several
times to kill himself. His minister visited
him, conversed and prayed with him.
â€œOh,â€ he would say, â€˜God never think
such poor negro, he no love so much sinner,
he no before ever see such bad heart!â€ The
mercy of Christ, and his compassion towards
sinners, were explained to him, and his soul
was filled with â€œjoy and peace in believing.â€
He now rejoiced and thanked God that he
was brought from his native shores, as he had
a fairer country, and purer enjoyments pre-
sented to his view, after the scenes of this
transitory world shall be over. He now be-
came more industrious and more faithful.
By uncommon industry he raised money suf-
ficient to purchase his own freedom. He
next bought the liberty of his wife, and had
nearly completed paying for that of his only
THE CHRISTIAN SLAVE. U5
daughter, when she was liberated by the hand
of death. His wife soon followed her, and
left this world a perfect void to the husband
and father. His every tie that bound him
to earth was now broken. Having no earthly
enjoyment, he now placed his affections on
heaven above. It is easy for the Christian
to make rapid progress in holiness when not
fettered by worldly cares.
It was now dark, and I must leave my new
acquaintance. I left him with his face wet
with tears, still standing beside the tombâ€”
the tomb of his old minister! This good man
had been his faithful and constant guide, and
though his ashes had been slumbering for
years, the negro had not yet forgotten how
to weep at their urn. I could not but admire
the wonderful dealings of God, in order to
bring men to himself. Happy minister! who
hast been the instrument of covering a mul-
titude of sins! Happy negro! his is not this
world. Though no sculptured marble may
tell the traveller where he may shortly lieâ€”
though he never trod the thorny road of
76 VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA.
ambition or powerâ€”though the trumpet of
fame never blew the echo of his name through
a gaping worldâ€”still those eyes, which will
soon be closed in death, may hereafter awake,
to behold, undaunted, a world in flames, and
these heavens fleeing away.
Binlent Earthquake in Calabria.
In nature there is nothing which can inspire us with
so much awe as those violent outbreakings which
oceasionally convulse the earth, creating fearful de-
vastation, overthrowing cities, and destroying much
life and property. The following is a description
of one which occurred in Calabria and Sicily in the
year 1783, and which, from its violence, overthrew
many cities, creating an universal consternation in
the minds of the inhabitants of the two kingdoms.
On Wednesday, the fifth of February, about
one in the afternoon, the earth was convulsed
in that part of Calabria which is bounded by
the rivers of Gallico and Metramo, by the
mountains Jeio, Sagra, and Caulone, and the
VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA. 77
coast between these rivers and the Tuscan
Sea. This district is called the Piana, be-
cause the country extends itself from the
roots of the Appenines, in a plain, for twenty
Italian miles in length by eighteen in breadth.
The earthquake lasted about a hundred
seconds. It was felt as far as Otranto, Pa-
lermo, Lipari, and the other AÂ®olian isles; a
little also in Apuglia, and the Terra di Ca-
voro; in Naples and the Abruzzi not at all.
There stood in this plain a hundred and nine
cities and villages, the habitationsof a hun-
dred and sixty-six thousand human beings ,
and in less than two minutes all these edifices
were destroyed, with nearly thirty-two thou-
sand individuals of every age, sex, and sta~
tion,â€”the rich equally with the poor; for
there existed no power of escaping from so
sudden a destruction. The soilof the Piana
was granite at the base of the Apennines, but
in the plain the debris of every sort of earth,
brought down from the mountains by the
rains, constituted a mass of unequal solidity,
resistance, weight, and form. On this ac-
78 VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA.-
count, whatever might have been the cause
of the earthquake, whether volcanic or elec-
trical, the movement assumed every possible
direction,â€”vertical, horizontal, oscillatory,
vorticose, and pulsatory, producing every
variety of destruction. In one place a city
or house was thrown down, in another it was
immersed. Here, trees were buried to their
topmost branches, beside others stripped and
overturned. Some mountains opened in the
middle, and dispersed their mass to the right
and left, their summits disappearing, or being
lost in the newly-formed valleys; . others slip-
ped from their foundations along with all their
edifices, which sometimes were overthrown,
but more rarely remained uninjured, and the
inhabitants not even disturbed in-their sleep.
The earth opened in many places, forming
frightful abysses, while, at a small distance,
it rose into hills. The waters, too, changed
their course ; rivers uniting to form lakes, or
spreading into marshes; disappearing, to rise
again in new streams, through other banks, or
running at large, to lay bare and desolate the
VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA. 79
most fertile fields. Nothing retained its an-
cient form; cities, roads, and boundaries
vanished, so that the inhabitants were bewil-
dered as if in an unknown land. The works
of art and â€˜of nature, the elaborations of cen-
turies, together with many a stream and rock,
coeval perhaps with the world itself, were in
a single instant destroyed and overthrown...
Whirlwinds, tempests, the flames of volcanoes,
and of burning edifices, rain, wind, and thun-
der, accompanied the movements of the earth:
all the forces of nature were in activity, and
it seemed as if all its laws were suspended,
and the last hour of created things at hand.
In the meantime, the sea between Scylla,
Charybdis, and the coasts of Reggio and Mes-
sina, was raised many fathoms above its usual
level, overflowing its banks, and then, in its
return to its channel, carrying away men and
beasts. By these means, two thousand per-
sons lost their lives on Scylla alone, who were
either congregated on the sands or had escaped
in boats, from the dangers of the dry land.
Etna and Stromboli were in more than usual
80 VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA.
activity; but this hardly excited attention,
amidst greater and graver disasters. A worse
fire than that of the volcanoes resulted from
the incidents of the earthquake ; for the beams
of the falling houses being ignited by the
burning heaths, the flames, fanned by the
winds, were so vast and fierce, that they
seemed to issue from the bosom of the earth.
The heavens, alternately cloudy or serene,
had given no previous sign of the approach-
ing calamity ; but a new source of suffering
followed it, in a thick fog, which obscured
the light of the day, and added to the dark-
ness of night. Irritating to the eyes, in-
jurious to the respiration, fetid, and im-
moveable, it hung over the two Calabrias for
more than twenty days,â€”an occasion of me-
lancholy, disease, and annoyance, both to man
and toanimals. - . .~
At the first shock, no token, in heaven or
on earth, had excited attention; but at the
sudden movement, and at the aspect of des-
truction, an overwhelming terror seized on
the general mind, insomuch, that the instinct
VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA. 81
of self-preservation was suspended, and men
remained thunder-stricken and immoveable.
On the return of reason, the first sentiment
was a sort of joy at the partial escape; but
they soon gave place to grief for the loss of
family, and the overthrow of the domestic
habitation. Amidst so many aspects of death,
and the apprehension even of approaching
judgment, the suspicion that friends were yet
alive under the ruins was the most excruci-
ating affliction, since the impossibility of as-
sisting them rendered their deathâ€”(miserable
and terrible consolation)â€”a matter of pre-
ference and of hope. Fathers and husbands
were seen wandering amidst the ruins that
covered the objects of their affections, and,
wanting the power to move the superincum-
bent masses, were calling in vain for the as-
sistance of the bystanders; or haply they lay
groaning, night and day, in their despair,
upon the ruinous fragments. But the most
horrid fateâ€”(a fate too dreadful to conceive
or to relate)â€”was theirs, who, buried alive
beneath the fallen edifices, awaited, with an
82 VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA.
anxious and doubtful hope, the chances of re-
liefâ€”accusing, at first, the slowness, and then
the avarice, of their dearest relations and
friends; and when they sank under hunger
and griefâ€”with their senses and memory be-
ginning to fail themâ€”their last sentiment was
that of indignation against their kindred, and
hatred of humanity. Many were disinterred
alive by their friends, and some by the earth-
quake itself, which, overthrowing the very
ruins it had made, restored them to light. It
was ultimately found that about a fourth of
those whose bodies were recovered, might have
been saved had timely assistance been at hand.
The men were chiefly found in attitudes in-
dieating an effort at escape, the women with
their hands covering their face, or desperately
plunged in their hair. Mothers were dis-
covered dead who had striven to protect their
infants with their own bodies, or lay with
their arms stretched towards these objects of
affection, when separated from them by in-
tervening masses of ruin.
Escape from a Ship on Fire.
From the â€œ Missionary Annualâ€ for 1833.
Many of the party, having retired to their
hammocks soon after the commencement of
the storm, were only partially clothed, when
they made their escape ; but the seamen on
the watch, in consequence of the heavy rain,
having cased themselves in double or treble
dresses, supplied their supernumerary articles
of clothing to those who had none. We
happily succeeded in bringing away twocom-
passes from the binnacle, and a few candles
from the cuddy-table, one of them lighted ;
one bottle of wine, and another of porter,
were handed to us, with the tablecloth and
a Knife, which proved very useful; but the
fire raged so fiercely in the body of the ves-
sel, that neither bread nor water could be
obtained. The rain still poured in torrents ;
the lightning, followed by loud bursting of
thunder, continued to stream from one side
of the heavens to the -other,â€”one moment
84 ESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE.
dazzling us by its glare, and the next moment
leaving us in darkness, relieved only by the
red flames of the conflagration from which
we were endeavouring to escape. Our first
object was to proceed to a distance from the
vessel, lest she should explode and over-
whelm us, but, to our inexpressible distress,
we discovered that the yawl had no rudder,
and that for the two boats we had only three
oars. All exertions to obtain more from the
ship proved unsuccessful. The gig had a
rudder; from this they threw out a rope to
take us in tow; and, by means of a few pad-
dles, made by tearing up the lining of the
boat, we assisted in moving ourselves slowly
through the water. Providentially the sea
â€˜was comparatively smooth, or our overloaded.
boats would have swamped, and we should
only have escaped the flames to have perished
in the deep. The wind was light, but varia-
ble, and, acting on the sails, which, being
drenched with the rain, did not soon take
fire, drove the burning mass, in terrific gran-
deur, over the surface of the ocean, the dark-
ESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE. 35
ness of which was only illuminated by the
quick glancing of the lightning or the glare
of the conflagration. Our situation was for
some time extremely perilous. The vessel
neared us mere than once, and apparently
threatened to involve us in one common des-
truction. The cargo, consisting of dry pro-
visions, spirits, cotton goods, and other ar-
ticles equally combustible, burned with great
violence, while the fury of the destroying
element, the amazing height of the flames,
the continued storm, amidst the thick dark-
ness of the night, rendered the scene appal-
ling and terrible. About ten oâ€™clock, the
masts, after swaying from side to side, fell
with a dreadful crash into the sea, and the
hull of the vessel continued to burn amidst
the shattered fragments of the wreck, till the
sides were consumed to the water's edge.
The spectacle â€˜was truly magnificent, could
it even have been contemplated by us with-
out a recollection of our own circumstances.
The torments. endured by the dogs, sheep,
and other animals on board, at any other time
86 ESCAPE. FROM A SHIP ON FIRE.
would have excited our deepest commisera-
tion; but at present, the object before us,
our stately ship, that had for the last four
months been our social home, the scene of
eur enjoyments, our labours, and our rest,
mow a prey to the destroying element; the
suddermess with which we had been hurried
from circumstances of comfort and compara-
tive security, to those of destitution and peril,
and with which the most exhilarating hopes
had been exchanged for disappointment as
unexpected as it was afflictive; the sudden
death of the two seamen, our own narrow
escape, and lonely situation on. the face of
the deep, and the great probability even yet,
although we had succeeded in removing to a
greater distance from the vessel, that we our-
selves should never again see the light of day,
or set foot on solid ground, absorbed every
feeling. For some time the silence was
searcely broken, and the thoughts of many,
E doubt not, were engaged on subjects most
Suitable to immortal beings on the brink of
eternity. The number of persons in the two
ESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE. 3y
boats was forty-cight, and all, with the ex-
ception of the two ladies, who bore this severe
visitation with uncommon fortitude, worked
by turns at the oars and paddles. After
some time, to our great relief, the rain
ceased ; the labour of baling water fram the
boats was then considerably diminished. We
were frequently hailed during the night by
our companions in the small boat,-and re-~
turned the call, while the brave and gener-
ous-hearted seamen occasionally enlivened
the solitude of the deep by a simultaneous
â€œâ€˜ Hurra!â€ to cheer each other's labours, and
to animate their spirits. The Tanjore rose
in the water as its contents were gradually
consumed. We saw it burning the whole
night, and at day-break could distinguish a
column of smoke, which, however, soon
ceased, and every sign of our favourite ves-
sel disappeared. "When the sun rese, our
anxiety and uncertainty as to our situation
were greatly relieved by diseovering land a-
head; the sight of it filed us with grateful
joy, and nerved us with fresh vigour for the
88 ESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE.
exertion required in managing the boats.
With the advance of the day we discerned
more clearly the nature of the country. It
was wild and covered with jungle, without
any appearance of population : could we have
got ashore, therefore, many of us might have
perished before assistance could have been
procured; but the breakers, dashing upon
the rocks, convinced us that landing was im-
practicable. In the course of the morning
we discovered a native vessel, or dhoney,
lying at anchor, at some distarice: the wind
at that time beginning to favour us, every
â€˜jeans was devised to render it available. In
the yawl we extended the tablecloth asa sail,
and in the other boat a blanket served the
same purpose. â€˜This additional help avas the
more seasonabie, as the rays of the sun had
become almost intolerable to our partially
covered bodies. Some of the seamen at-
tempted to quench their thirst by salt water,
but the passengers encouraged each other to
abstain. About noon we reached the dhoney.
The natives on board were astonished and
ESCAPE FROM A SHIP ON FIRE. 89
alarmed at our appearance, and expressed
some unwillingness to receive us; but our
ircumstances would admit of no denial, and
we scarcely waited till our Singalese fellow-
passenger could interpret to them our situa-
tion and our wants, before we ascended the
sides of their vessel, assuring them that every
expense and loss sustained on our account
should be amply repaid.
Anecdotes of the Albatross, Kr.
The author of the following extracts is Mr. Augustus
Earle, whose life has been one of wandering and
peril, traversing every quarter of the globe. â€˜The
account of his residence for nine months among the
New Zealanders is very interesting ; but a descrip-
tion of their cannibal habits will not suit the taste
of many of our young readers. We shall therefore
accompany him to the Island of Tristan dâ€™Acunha,
upon which, by accident, he was left, where he
amused himself hunting goats, sea, clephants, alba-
trosses, and penguins; while, like another Crusoe,
he occasionally watched for the ship that should
release him from his island prison, His work is
entitled â€œNine Monthsâ€™ Residence in New Zea-
Brine a fine morning, I determined to ascend
the mountain. As several parties had before
gone up, they had formed a kind of path: at
least we endeavoured to trace the same way,
but it requires a great deal of nerve to at-
tempt it. The sides of the mountain are
nearly perpendicular, but, after ascending
about two hundred feet, it is there entirely
THE ALBATROSS. 9L
covered with wood, which renders the footing
much more safe, but in order to get to the
wood, the road is so dangerous that it made
me almost tremble to think of it,â€”slippery
grey rocks, and many of them unfortunately
loose, so that when we took hold, they sepa-
rated from the mass, and fell with a horrid
rumbling noise. Here and there were a few
patches of grass, the only thing we could
depend upon to assist us in climbing, which
must be done with extreme caution, for the
least slip or false step would dash one to
atoms on the rocks below. By keeping our
eyes constantly looking upwards, and con-
tinuing to haul ourselves up, by catching firm
hold on this grass, after an hourâ€™s painful toil
we gained the summit, where we found our-
selves on an extended plain, of several miles
expanse, which terminates in the peak, com-
posed of dark grey lava, bare and frightful
to behold. We proceeded towards it, the
plain gradually rising, but the walking was
most fatiguing, over strong rank grass and
fern several feet high, with holes concealed
92 THE ALBATROSS.
under the roots in such a way, that no pos-
sible caution could prevent our occasionally
falling down into one or other of them, and
entirely disappearing, which caused a_bois-
terous laugh amongst the rest; but it fre-
quently happened, while one was making
merry at the expense of another, down sunk
the laugher himself. A death-like stillness
prevailed in these high regions, and, to my
ear, our voices had a strange, unnatural echo,
and I fancied our forms appeared gigantic,
whilst the air was piercing cold. The pros-
pect was altogether very sublime, and filled
the mind with awe! On the one side, the
boundless horizon, heaped up with clouds of
silvery brightness, contrasted with some of
darker hue, enveloping us in their vapour,
and, passing rapidly away, gave us only casual
glances of the landscape ; and, on the other
hand, the sterile and cindery peak, with its
venerable head, partly capped with clouds,
partly revealing great patches of red cinders,
or lava, intermingled with the black rock,
produced a most extraordinary and dismal
THE ALBATROSS 93
effect. It seemed as though it were still
actually burnizig, to heighten the sublimity
of the scene. The huge albatross appeared
here to dread no interloper or enemy, for
their young were on the ground completely
uncovered, and the old ones were stalking
around them. This bird is the largest of the
aquatic tribe, and its plumage is of a most
delicate white, excepting the back and the
tops of its wings, which are grey: they lay
but one egg, on the ground, where they form
a kind of nest, by scraping the earth round
it. After the young one is hatched, it has
to remain a year before it ean fly; it is en~
tirely white, and covered with a woolly down,
which is very beautiful. As we approached
them, they clapped their beaks, with a very
quick motion, which made a great noise.
This, and throwing up the contents of the
stomach, are the only means of offence and
defence they seem to possess. The old ones,
which are valuable on account of their fea-
thers, my companions made dreadful havoe
amongst, knocking on the head all they could
94 THE ALBATROSS.
come up with. These birds are very help-
less on the land, the great â€˜length of their
wings precluding them from rising up into
the air, unless they can get to a steep de-
clivity. On the level ground they were com-
pletely at our mercy, but very little was
shewn them; and in a very short space of
time the plain was strewn with their bodies,
one blow on the head generally killing them
instantly. Five months after, many of the
young birds were still sitting on their nests,
and had never moved away from them; they
remain there for a year before they can fly,
and during that long period are fed by the
mother. â€˜They had greatly increased in size
and beauty since my first visit to them. The
semblance of the young bird, as it sits on the
nest, is stately and beautiful. The white
down, which is its first-covering, giving place
gradually to its natural grey plumage, leaves
half the creature covered with down; the
other half is a fine compact coat of feathers,
composed of white and grey, while the head
is of a dazzling, silvery white. â€˜Their size is
THE ALBATROSS. 95
prodigious, one of them proving a tolerable
Joad. Upon skinning them, on our return,
we found they were covered with a fine white
fat, which I was told was excellent for fry-
ing, and other culinary purposes; and the
flesh was quite as delicate, and could scarcely
be distinguished in flavour from lamb. Be-
sides our albatross, the dogs caught some
small birds, about the size of our partridge,
but their gait was something like that of the
penguin. The male is of a glossy black, with
abright red hard crest on the top of the
head ; the hen is brown. They stand erect,
and have long yellow legs, with which they
run very fast; their wings are small and use-
less for flying, but they are armed with sharp
spurs for defence, and also, I imagine, for
assisting them in climbing, as they are found
generally among the rocks. The name they
give this bird here is simply â€œ cock,â€ its only
note being a noise very much resembling the
repetition of that word. Its flesh is plump,
fat, and excellent eating.
96 VISIT TO A PENGUIN ROOKERY.
VISIT TO A PENGUIN ROOKERY.
Tue spot of ground occupied by our settlers
ig bounded on each side by high bluffs, which
extend far into the sea, leaving a space in
front, where all their hogs run nearly wild,
as they are prevented going beyond those
limits by those natural barriers; and the
creatures who, at statedâ€™ periods, come up
from the sea, remain in undisturbed posses-
sion of the beaches beyond our immediate
vicinity. The weather being favourable, we
launched our boat early in the morning, for
the purpose of procuring a supply of eggs for
the consumption of the family. We heard
the chattering of the penguins from the
rookery long before we landed, which was
noisy in the extreme, and groups of them
were scattered all over the beach; but the
high thick grass on the declivity of the hill
seemed their grand establishment, and they
were hidden by it from our view. As we
could not find any place where we could pos-
sibly land our boat in safety, I and two more
VISIT TO A PENGUIN ROOKERY. 97
swam on shore with bags tied round our necks
to hold the eggs in, and the boat with one of
the men lay off, out of the surf. I should
think the ground occupied by these birds (if
I may be allowed so to call them) was at least
a mile in circumference, covered in every part
with grasses and reeds, which grew consider-
ably higher than my head; and on every
gentle ascent, beginning from the beach, on
all the large grey rocks, which occasionally
appeared above this grass, sat perched groups
of these strange and uncouth-looking creatures,
but the noise which rose up from beneath
baffles all description! As our business lay
with the noisy part of this community, we
quietly crept under the grass, and commenced.
our plundering search, though there needed
none, so profuse was the quantity. The scene
altogether well merits a better description
than I can giveâ€” thousands, and hundreds of
thousands, of these little two-legged erect
monsters hopping around us, with voices very
much resembling in tone that of the human ;
all opened their throats together: so thickly
38 visit TO A PENGUIN ROOKERY.
clustered in groups that it was almost im-
possible to place the foot without dispatching
one of them. The shape of the animal, their
curious motions, and their most extraordinary
voices, made me fancy myself in a kingdom
of pigmies. The regularity of their manners,
their all sitting in exact rows, resembling
more the order of a camp than a rookery of
noisy birds, delighted me. â€˜These creatures
did not move away on our approach, but
only increased their noise, so we were obliged
to displace them forcibly from their nests 3
and this ejectment was not produced without
a considerable struggle on their parts; and,
being armed with a formidable break, it soon
became a scene of desperate warfare. We
had to take particular care to protect our
hands and legs from their attacks: and for
this purpose each one had provided himself
with a short stout club. The noise they con-
tinued to make during our ramble through
their territories the sailors said was, â€˜* Cover
em up, cover â€™em up.â€ And, however in-
credible it may appear, it is nevertheless true,
VISIT TO A PENGUIN ROOKERY. 99
that I heard those words so distinctly re-
peated, and by such various tones of voices,
that several times I started, and expected to
see one of the men at my elbow. Even these
little creatures, as well as the monstrous sea
elephant, appear to keep up a continued
warfare with each other. As the penguins
sit in rows, forming regular lanes leading
down to the beach, whenever one of them
feels an inclination to refresh herself by a
plunge into the sea, she has to run the gaunt-
let through the whole street, every one pecking
at her as she passes without mercy ; and though
all are occupied in the same employment, not
the smallest degree of friendship seems to
exist; and whenever we turned one off her
nest, she was sure to be thrown amongst
foes; and, besides the loss of her eggs, was
invariably doomed to receive a severe beating
and pecking from her companions. Each one
lays three eggs, and after a time, when the
young are strong enough to undertake the
journey, they go to sea, and are not again
seen till the ensuing spring. Their city is
100 visiT To A PENGUIN ROOKERY.
deserted of its numerous inhabitants, and
quietness reigns till nature prompts their
return the following year, when the same
noisy scene is repeated, as the same flock of
birds returns to the spot where they were
hatched. After raising a tremendous tumult
in this numerous colony, and sustaining con-
tinued combat, we came off victorious, making
capture of about a thousand eggs, resmbling
in size, colour, and transparency of shell,
those of a duck; and the taking possession
of this immense quantity did not occupy
more than one hour, which may serve to
prove the incalculable number of birds col-
lected together. We did not allow them
sufficient time, after landing, to lay all their
eggs; for, had the season been further ad-
vanced, and we had feund three eggs in each
nest, the whole of them might probably have
proved addled, the young partly formed, and
the eggs of no use to us; but the whole of
those we took turned out good, and had a
particularly fine and delicate flavour. It wasa
work of considerable difficulty to get our
THE SEA ELEPHANT. 101
booty safe into the boatâ€”so frail a cargoâ€”
with so tremendous a surf running against
us. However, we finally succeeded, though
not without smashing a considerable number
of the eggs.
THE SEA ELEPHANT.
I saw, for the first time, what the settlers
call a pod of sea elephants. At this particular
season these animals lay strewed about the
beach, and, unless you disturb them, the
sight of a man will not frighten them away.
I was determined to get a good portrait of
some of them, and accordingly took my sketch-
book and pencil, and seated myself very
near to one of them and began my operations,
feeling sure I had now a most patient sitter,
for they will lie for weeks together without
stirring; but I had to keep throwing small
pebbles at him, in order to make him open
his eyes, and prevent his going to sleep.
The flies appear to torment these unwieldly
monsters most cruelly, their eyes and nostrils
102 THE SEA ELEPHANT.
being stuffed full of them. I got a good
sketch of the group. They appeared to stare
at me occasionally with some little astonish-
ment, stretching up their immense heads and
looking around; but finding all still (I suppose
they considered me a mere rock), they com-
posed themselves to sleep again. They are
the most shapeless creatures about the body.
I could not help comparing them to an
overgrown maggot, and their motion is similar
to that insect. The face bears some rude
resemblance to the human countenance ; the
eye is large, black, and expressive; excepting
two very small flippers or paws at theshoulder,
the whole body tapers down to a fishâ€™s tail ;
they are of a delicate mouse colour, the fur
is very fine, but too oily for any other purpose
than to make mocassins for the islanders.
â€˜The bull is of an enormous size, and would
weigh as heavily as his namesake of the land;
and in that one thing consists their only .re-
semblance, for no two animals can possibly
be more unlike each other. It is a very
curious phenomenon, how they can possibly
THE SEA ELEPHANT. 103
exist on shore; for, from the first of their
landing, they never go out to sea, and
they lie on a stormy beach for months to-
gether without tasting any food, except
consuming their own fat, for they gradually
waste away; and as this fat or blubber is
the great object of value, for which they are
attacked and slaughtered, the settlers contrive
to commence operations against them upon
their first arrival, for it is well ascertained
that they take no sustenance whatever on
shore. I examined the contents of the stomach
of one they had just killed, but could not
make out the nature of what it contained.
The matter was of a remarkably bright green
colour. They have many enemies, even in
the water; one called the killer, a species of
grampus, which makes terrible havoc amongst
them, and will attack and take away the
carcass of one from alongside a boat. But
man is their greatest enemy, and causes the
most destruction to their race: he pursues
them to all quarters of the globe.
104 VISIT FROM THE NATIVES
VISIT FROM THE NATIVES AT TERRA
DurinÃ©e our stay, we had, at various times,
visits from the natives. They were all at
first very shy, but after they found our
friendly disposition towards them, they be-
came more sociable and confiding.
On the 11th of March three bark canoes
arrived, containing four men, four women,
and a girl about sixteen years old, four little
boys and four infants, one of the latter about
a week old, and quite naked. They had
rude weapons, viz. slings to throw stones,
three rude spears, pointed at the end with
bone, and notched on one side with barbed
teeth. With this they catch their fish, which
are in great quantities among the kelp. Two
of the natives were induced to come on board,
after they had been alongside for upwards of
an hour, and received many presents, for
which they gave their spears, a dog, and some
of their rude native trinkets. They did not
shew or express surprise at anything on board,
AT TERRA DEL FUEGO. 105
except when seeing one of the carpenters
engaged in boring a hole with a screw-auger
through a plank, which would have been a
jong task for them. They were very talkative,
smiling when spoken to, and often bursting
into loud laughter, but instantly settling
into their natural serious and sober cast.
They were found to be great mimics, both
in gesture and sound, and would repeat any
word of our language, with great correctness
of pronunciation. Their imitations of sounds
were truly astonishing.
Their mimicry became at length annoying,
and precluded our getting at any of their
words or ideas. It not only extended to
words or sounds, but actions also, and was at
times truly ridiculous. The usual manner
of interrogating for names was quite un-
successful. On pointing to the nose, for
instance, they did the same. Anything they
saw done they would mimic, and with an
extraordinary degree of accuracy. On these
canoes approaching the ship, the principal
one of the family, or chief, standing up in
106 VISIT FROM THE NATIVES
his canoe, made a harangue. Although they
have been heard to shout quite loud, yet they
cannot endure a noise; and when the drum
beat, or a gun was fired, they invariably
stopped their ears. They always speak to
each other in a whisper.
The women were never suffered to come
on board. They appeared modest in the
presence of strangers. They never move from
a sitting posture, or rather a squat, with their
knees close together, â€˜reaching to their chin,
their feet in contact, and touching the lower
part of the body. They are extremely ugly.
Their hands and feet were small and well
shaped ; and, from appearanee, they are not
accustomed to do any hard work. They ap-
pear very fond and seem careful of their
young children, though on several occasions
they offered them for sale for a trifle. They
have their faces smutted all over, and it was
thought, from the hideous appearance of the
females, produced in part by their being
painted and smutted, that they had been
disfigured by the men previous to coming
AT TERRA DEL FUEGO. 107
alongside. It was remarked, that when one
of them saw herself in a looking-glass, she
burst into tears, as Jack thought, from pure
Before they left the ship, the greater part
of them were dressed in old clothes, that had
been given to them by the officers and men,
who all shewed themselves extremely anxious
**to make them comfortable.â€ This gave rise
to much merriment, as Jack was not disposed
to allow any difficulties to interfere in the
fitting. If the jackets proved too tight across
the shoulders, which they invariably were, a
slit down the back effectually remedied the
defect. Ifa pair of trousers was found too
small around the waist, the knife was again
resorted to; and in some cases a fit was
made by severing the legs. The most dif-
ficult fit, and the one which produced the
most merriment, was that of a woman, to
whom an old coat was given. This, she
concluded, belonged to her nether limbs, and
no signs, hints, or shouts, could correct her
mistake. Her feet were thrust through the
108 CHILIAN MODE OF
sleeves, and, after hard squeezing, she suc-
ceeded in drawing them on. With the skirts
brought up in front, she took her seat in the
canoe with great satisfaction, amid a roar of
laughter from all who saw her.
CHILIAN MODE OF CAPTURING WILD
A parry of four or five horsemen, with
about twenty dogs, were seen formed in an
extended crescent, driving the wild horses
towards the river with shouts: All were
armed with the lasso, which was swinging
over their heads, to be in readiness to entrap
the first that attempted to break through the
gradually contracting segment; the dogs
serving with the riders to head the horses in.
â€˜They continued to advance, when suddenly
a horse with furious speed broke the line,
passing near one of the horsemen, and for a
moment it was thought he had escaped; the
next he was jerked round with a force that
CAPTURING WILD HORSES. 109
seemed sufficient to have broken his neck,
the horseman having, the moment the lasso
was thrown, turned round and braced him-
self for the shock. The captured horse now
began to rear and plunge furiously to effect
his escape. After becoming somewhat worn
out, he was suffered to run, and again sud-
denly checked. This was repeated several
times, when another plan was adopted. The
dogs were set on him, and off he went at full
run, in the direction of another horseman,
who threw his lasso to entangle his legs and
precipitate him to the ground. The dogs
again roused him, when he again started, and
was in like manner brought toastand. After
several trials he became completely exhausted
and subdued, when he stood perfectly still,
and allowed his captors to lay hands upon
him. The shouts of the men, the barking
of the dogs, and the scampering of the horses,
made the whole scene extremely exciting.
110 FIGHT BETWEEN
FIGHT BETWEEN A WHALE AND A KILLER.
Tuts day, on board the Peacock, they wit-
nessed a sea-fight between a whale and one
of its many enemies. The sea was quite
smooth, and offered the best possible view of
the whole combat. First, at a distance from
the ship, a whale was seen floundering in a
most extraordinary way, lashing the smooth
sea into a perfect foam, and endeavouring
apparently to extricate himself from some
annoyance. As he approached the ship, the
struggle continuing and becoming more vio-
lent, it was perceived that a fish, apparently
about twenty feet long, held him by the jaw,
his contortions, spouting, and throes, all be-
tokening the agony of the huge monster.
The whale now threw himself at full length
from the water with open mouth, his pursuer
still hanging to the jaw, the blood issuing
from the wound and dyeing the sea to a dis-
tance around; but all his flounderings were
of no avail ; his pertinacious enemy still main-
A WHALE AND A KILLER. 111
tained his hold, and was evidently getting the
advantage of him. Much alarm seemed to
be felt by the many other whales around.
These â€œkillers,â€ as they are called, are of a
â€˜brownish colour on the back, and white on
the belly, with a long dorsal fin. Such was
the turbulence with which they passed, that
a good view could not be had of them to
make out more nearly the description, These
fish attack a whale in the same way as dogs
bait a bull, and worry him to death. They
are armed with strong sharp teeth, and gene-
rally seize the whale by the lower jaw. It
is said that the only part of them they eat is
the tongue. The whalers give some mar-
vellous accounts of these killers, and of their
immense strength; among them, that they
have been known to drag a whale away from
several boats which were towing it to the
112 WAR DANCES OF THE
WAR DANCES OF THE NEW ZEALANDERS.
Wisuine to see their war-dances, I re-
quested the chief Pomare to gratify us with
an exhibition, which he consented to do.
The ground chosen was the hill-side of Mr.
Clendon, our consulâ€™s place, where between
three and four hundred natives, with their
wives and children, assembled. Pomare di-
vided the men into three parties or squads,
and stationed these at some distance from
each other. Shortly after this was done, I
received a message from him to say that they
were all hungry, and wanted me to treat them
to something to eat. This was refused until
they had finished their dance, and much de-
lay took place in consequence. Pomare and
his warriors were at first immoveable; but
they, in a short time, determined they would
unite on the hill-top, which was accordingly
ordered, although I was told they were too
hungry to dance well. Here they arranged
themselves in a solid column, and began
stamping, shouting, jumping, and shaking
NEW ZEALANDERS. 113
their guns, clubs, and paddles in the air, with
violent gesticulations, to a sort of savage
time. A more grotesque group cannot well
be imagined; dressed, half-dressed, or en-
tirely naked. After much preliminary action,
they all set off, with a frantic shout, at full
speed in a war-charge, which not only put to
flight all the animals that were feeding in the
neighbourhood, but startled the spectators.
After running about two hundred and fifty
yards, they fired their guns, and halted, with
another shout. They then returned in the
Same manner, and stopped before us, a truly
savage multitude, wrought up to apparent
frenzy, and exhibiting all the modes prac-
tised of maiming and killing their enemies,
until they became exhausted, and lay.down
on the ground like tired dogs, panting for
breath. One of the chiefs then took an old
broken dragoon-sword, and began running to
and fro before us, flourishing it, and, at the
same time, delivering a speech at the top of
his voice. The speech, as interpreted to me,
ran thus: â€˜f You are welcome, you are our
114 war DANCES OF THE NEW ZEALANDERS.
friends, and we are glad to see you,â€ fre-
quently repeated. After three or four had
shewn off in this way, they determined they
must have something to eat, saying that I
had promised them rice and sugar, and they
ought to have it. Mr. Clendon, however,
persuaded them to give one of their feast-
dances. The performers consisted of about
fifteen old, and as many young persons, whom.
they arranged in close order. The young
girls laid aside a part of their dress to ex-
hibit their forms to more advantage, and they
commenced a kind of recitative, accompanied
by all manner of gesticulations, with a sortâ€™
of guttural husk fora chorus. It was notâ€™
necessary to understand their language to
comprehend their meaning; and it is un-
necessary to add, that their tastes did not
appear very refined, but were similar to what
we have constantly observed among the hea-
then nations of Polynesia. Their impatience
now became ungovernable, and hearing that
the rice and sugar were being served out, they
retreated precipitately down the hill, where
HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL. 115
they all set to most heartily, with their wives
and children, to devour the food. This, to
me, was the most entertaining part of the
exhibition. They did not appear selfish to-
wards each other; the children were taken
care of, and all seemed to enjoy themselves.
I received many thanks in passing among
them, and their countenances betokened con-
tentment. Although they were clothed for
the occasion in their best, they exhibited but
a squalid and dirty appearance, both in their
dress and persons.
â€˜We now end our extracts from this very entertaining
Work,â€”upon the resources of which we have so
largely drawn,â€”by the history of Paddy Connel, as
described by himself, and who had been a resident
among the Feejeean savages for nearly forty years.
HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL.
One day, while at the Observatory, I was
greatly surprised at seeing one whom I took
to be a Feejeeman, enter my tent, a circum-
stance so inconsistent with the respect to our
prescribed limit, of which I have spoken. His
116 HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL.
colour, however, struck me as lighter than
that of any native I had yet seen. He was
a short wrinkled old man, but appeared to
possess great vigour and activity. He hada
beard that reached to his middle, and but
little hair, of a reddish-grey colour, on his
head. He gave me no time for inquiry, but
at once addressed me in broad Irish, with a
rich Milesian brogue. In a few minutes he
made me acquainted with his story, which,
by his own account, was as follows :â€”
His name was Paddy Connel, but the na-
tives called him Berry ; he was born in the
county of Clare, in Ireland ; had run away
from school when he was a little fellow, and
after wandering about as a vagabond, was
pressed into the army in the first Irish re-
bellion. At the time the French landed in
Ireland, the regiment to which he was at-
tached marched at once against the enemy,
and soon arrived on the field of battle, where
they were brought to the charge. The first
thing he knew or heard, the drums struck up
a White Boyâ€™s tune, and his whole regiment
HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL. 117
went over and joined the French, with the
exception of the officers, who had to flee.
They were then marched against the British,
and were soon defeated by Lord Cornwallis ;
it was a hard fight, and Paddy found himself
among the slain. When he thought the
battle was over, and night came on, he crawl-
ed off and reached home. He was then taken
up and tried for his life, but was acquitted;
he was, however, remanded to prison, and
busied himself in effecting the escape of some
of his comrades. On this being discovered,
he was confined in the black hole, and soon
after sent to Cork, to be put on board a con-
vict-ship bound to New South Wales. When
he arrived there, his name was not found on
the books of the prisoners, consequently he
had been transported by mistake, and was,
therefore, set at liberty. He then worked
about for several years, and collected a small
sum of money, but unfortunately fell into
bad company, got drunk, and lost it all. Just
about this time Captain Sartori, of the ship
General Wellesley, arrived at Sydney. Hav~
118 uIsToRY oF PADDY CONNEL.
ing lost a great part of his crew by sickness
and desertion, he desired to procure hands
for his ship, which was still at Sandalwood
Bay, and obtairied thirty-five men, one of
whom was Paddy Connel. At the time they
were ready to depart, a French privateer,
Le Gloriant, Captain Dubardieu, put into
Sydney, when Captain Sartori engaged a
passage for himself and his men to the Fee-
jees. On their way they touched at Norfolk
Island, where the ship struck, and damaged
her keel so much that they were obliged to
put into the Bay of Islands for repairs.
Paddy asserts that a difficulty had occurred
here between Captain Sartori and his men
about their provisions, which was amicably
settled. The Gloriant finally sailed from
New Zealand for Tongataboo, where they
arrived just after the capture of a vessel,
which he supposed to have been the Port au
Prince, as they had obtained many articles
from the natives which had evidently belonged
to some large vessel. Here they remained
some months, and then sailed for Sandalwood
HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL. 119
Bay, where the men, on account of their for-
mer quarrel with Captain Sartori, refused to
go on board the General Wellesley: some of
them shipped on board the Gloriant, and
others, with Paddy, determined to remain on
shore with the natives. He added, that
Captain Sartori was kind to him, and at part-
ing had given hima pistol, cutlass, and an old
good-for-nothing musket; these, with his sea~
chest and a few clothes, were all that he pos-
sessed. He had nowlived forty years among
these savages. After hearing his whole story,
I told him I did not believe a word of it, to
which he answered, that the main part of it
was true, but he might have made some mis-
takes, as he had been so much jn the habit
of lying to the Feejeeans, that he hardly now
Imew when he told the truth, adding, that he
had no desire to tell anything but the truth.
Paddy turned out to be a very amusing
fellow, and possessed an accurate knowledge
of the Feejee character. Some of the whites
told me that he was more than half Feejee ;
indeed, he seemed to delight in shewing how
120 HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL.
nearly he was allied to them in feeling and
propensities; and, like them, seemed to fix
his attention upon trifle. He gave me a
droll account of his daily employments, which.
it would be inappropriate to give here, and
finished by telling me the only wish he had
then, was to get for his little boy, on whom
he doated, a small hatchet; and the only
articles he had to offer for it were a few old
hens. On my asking him if he did not cul-
tivate the ground, he said at once no; he
found it much easier to get his living by tell-
ing the Feejeeans stories, which he could
always make good enough for them :â€”these,
and the care of his two little boys, and his
hens, and his pigs, when he had any, gave
him ample employment and plenty of food.
He had lived much at Rewa, and, until lately,
had been a resident at Levuka, but Lad, in
consequence of his intrigues, been expelled
by the white residents to the island of Am-
batiki. It appeared that they had unani-
mously come to the conclusion, that if he did
not remove, they would be obliged to put
HISTORY OF PADDY CONNEL. 121
him to death for their own safety. I could
not induce Whippy or Tom to give me the
circumstances that occasioned this determi-
nation; and Paddy would not communicate
more than that his residence on Ambatiki
was a forced one, and that it was as though
he was living out of the world, rearing pigs,
fowls, and children. Of the last description
of live stock he had forty-eight, and hoped
that he might live to see fifty born to him.
He had had one hundred wives.
Extentinary Escape from Browning.
The following Narrative of an extraordinary escape
from drowning, after being wrecked among the
Rapids of the St. Lawrence, first appeared in the
Liverpool Mercury, the Editors of which state that
they have published it by permission of the writer,
who is a well-known merchant of great respecta-
bility in that city. We have extracted it from the
pages of the Edinburgh Magazine, the Editor of
which remarks,â€”â€œ We have been induced to trans-
fer it into our Miscellany, not merely from the un-
common interest of the detail, but because we
happen to be able to vouch for its authenticity.â€
On the 22nd day of April, 1810, our party
set sail ina large schooner from Fort-George,
or Niagara Town, and in two days crossed.
Lake Ontario to Kingston, at the head of the
river St. Lawrence, distant from Niagara
about 200 miles. Here we hired an Ameri-
can barge (a large flat-bottomed boat) to carry
us to Montreal, a further distance of 200
miles; then set out from Kingston on the
28th of April, and arrived the same evening
at Ogdensburgh, a distance of 75 miles. The
EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE FROM DROWNING. 123
following evening we arrived at Cornwall,
and the succeeding night at Pointe du Lac,
on Lake St. Francis. Here our bargemen
obtained our permission to return up the
river, and we embarked in another barge,
deeply laden with potashes, passengers, and
luggage. Above Montreal, for nearly 100
miles, the river St. Lawrence is interrupted
in its course by rapids, which are occasioned
by the river being confined in comparatively
narrow, shallow, rocky channels,â€” through
these it rushes with great force and noise,
and is agitated like the ocean in a storm.
Many people prefer these rapids, for gran-
deur of appearance, to the Falls of Niagara.
They are from half a mile to nine miles long
each, and require regular pilots. On the 30th
of April we arrived at the village of the
Cedars, immediately below which are three
sets of very dangerous rapids (the Cedars,
the Split-rock, and the Cascades), distant
from each other about one mile. On the
morning of the Ist of May we set out from
the Cedars, the barge very deep and very
124 EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE
leaky. The captain, a daring rash man, re-
fused to take a pilot. After we passed the
Cedar rapid, not without danger, the captain
called for some rum, swearing, at the same
time, that â€”â€”â€”â€” could not steer the barge
better than he did! Soon after this we en-
tered the Split-rock rapids by a wrong chan-
nel, and found ourselves advancing rapidly
towards a dreadful watery precipice, down
which we went. The barge slightly grazed
her bottom against the rock, and the fall was
so great as to nearly take away the breath.
â€˜We here took in a great deal of water, which
was mostly baled out again before we were
hisgried on to what the Canadians call the
â€œâ€˜ grand bouillon,â€ or great boiling. In ap-
proaching this place the captain let go the
helm, saying, â€˜â€˜ Here we fill!â€ The barge
was almost immediately overwhelmed in the
midst of immense foaming breakers, which
rushed over the bows, carrying away planks,
oars, &c. About half a minute elapsed be-
tween the filling and going down of the barge,
during which I had sufficient presence of
FROM DROWNING. 125
mind to strip off my three coats, and was
loosening my suspenders, when the barge
sunk, and I found myself floating in the
midst of people, baggage, &c. Each man
caught hold of something ; one of the crew
caught hold of me, and kept me down under
water, but, contrary to my expectation, let
me go again. On rising to the surface, I got
hold of a trunk, on which two other mea
were then holding. Just at this spot, where
the Split-rock rapids terminate, the bank of
the river is well inhabited, and we could see
women on shore running about much agitat-
ed. A canoe put off and picked up three of
our number, who had gained the bottom of
the barge, which had upset and got rid of its
cargo; these they landed on an island. The
canoe put off again, and was approaching
near to where I was, with two others, hold-
ing on by the trunk, when, terrified with the
vicinity of the Cascades, to which we were
approaching, it put back, notwithstanding
my exhortations, in French and English, to
induce the two men on board to advance.
126 EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE
The bad hold which one man had of the
trunk, to which we were adhering, subjected
him to constant immersion ; and, in order to
escape his seizing hold of me, I let go the
trunk, and, in conjunction with another man,
got hold of the boom, (which, with the gaff,
sails, &c., had been detached from the mast
to make room for the cargo,) and floated off.
Thad just time to grasp this boom when we
were hurried into the Cascades; in these I
was instantly buried, and nearly suffocated.
On rising to the surface, I found one of my
hands still on the boom, and my companion
also adhering to the gaff. Shortly after des-
cending the Cascades, I perceived the barge,
bottom upwards, floating near me. I suc-
ceeded in getting to it, and held by a crack
in one end of it; the violence of the water,
and the falling out of the casks of ashes, had
quite wrecked it. For a long time I con-
tented myself with this hold, not daring to
endeavour to get upon the bottom, which I
at length effected; and from this, my new
situation, I called out to my companion, who
FROM DROWNING. 127
still preserved his hold of the gaff. He shook
his head, and when the waves suffered me to
look up again, he was gone. He made no
attempt to come near me, being unable or
unwilling to let go his hold, and trust him-
self to the waves, which were then rolling
over his head.
The Cascades are a kind of fall, or rapid
descent in the river, over a rocky channel be-
low: going down is called, by the French,
*Â« Sauter,â€ to leap or shove the cascades. For
two miles below, the channel continues in
uproar, just like a storm at sea; and I was
frequently nearly washed off the barge by the
waves which rolled over. I now entertained
no hope whatever of escaping, and although
I continued to exert myself to hold on, such
was the state to which I was reduced by cold,
that I wished only for speedy death, and fre-
quently thought of giving up the contest as
useless. I felt as if compressed into the size
of a monkey ; my hands appeared diminished
in size one-half ; and I certainly should (after
I became cold and much exhausted) have
128 EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE
fallen asleep, but for the waves that were
passing over me, and obliged me to attend to
my situation. I had never descended the St.
Lawrence before, but I knew there were more
rapids a-head, perhaps another set of the Cas-
cades, but at all events the La Chine rapids,
whose situation I did not exactly know. I
was in hourly expectation of these putting
an end to me, and often fancied some points
of ice extending from the shore to be the
head of foaming rapids. At one of the mo-
ments in which the succession of waves per-
mitted me to look up, I saw at a distance a
canoe with four men coming towards me, and
waited in confidence to hear the sound of
their paddles, but in this I was disappointed ;
the men, as I afterwards learnt, were Indians
(genuine descendants of the Tartars) who,
happening to fall in with one of the passen-
gerâ€™s trunks, picked it up, and returned to
shore for the purpose of pillaging it, leaving,
as they since acknowledged, the man on the
boat to his fate. Indeed, I am certain I
should have had more to fear from their
FROM DROWNING. 129
avarice than to hope from their humanity ;
and it is more than probable that my life
would have been taken to secure them in the
possession of my watch and several half-eagles
which I had about me.
The accident happened at eight oâ€™clock in
the morning. In the course of some hours,
as the day advanced, the sun grew warmer,
the wind blew from the south, and the water
became calmer. I got upon my knees, and
found myself in the small lake St. Louis,
about from three to five miles wide; with
some difficulty I got upon my feet, but was
soon convinced, by cramps and spasms in all
my sinews, that I was quite incapable of
swimming any distance, and I was then two
miles from shore. I was now going, with
wind and current, to destruction; and cold,
hungry, and fatigued, was obliged again to
sit down in the water to rest, when an extra-
ordinary circumstance greatly relieved me.
On examining the wreck, to see if it was
possible to detach any part of it to steer by,
I perceived something loose, entangled in a
fork of the wreck, and so carried along. This
130 EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE
I found to be a small trunk, bottom upwards,
which, with some difficulty, I dragged up
upon the barge. After near an hourâ€™s work,
in which I broke my pen-knife, trying to cut
out the lock, I made a hole in the top, and,
to my great satisfaction, drew out a bottle of
rum, a cold tongue, some cheese, and a bag
full of bread, cakes, &c., all wet. Of these
I made a very seasonable, though very mode-
rate use, and the trunk answered the purpose
of achair to sit upon, elevated above the
surface of the water.
After in vain endeavouring to steer the
wreck, or direct its course to the shore, and
having made every signal (with my waistcoat,
&c.) in my power, to the several headlands
which I had passed, I fancied I was driving
into a bay, which, however, soon proved to
be the termination of the lake, and the open-
ing of the river, the current of which was
carrying me rapidly along. I passed several
small uninhabited islands, but the banks of
the river appearing to be covered with houses,
I again renewed my signals with my waist-
coat and a shirt, which I took out of the
FROM DROWNING. 131
trunk, hoping, as the river narrowed, they
might be perceived: the distance was too
great. The velocity with which I was going
convinced me of my near approach to the
dreadful rapids of La Chine. Night was
drawing on; my destruction appeared cer-
tain, but did not disturb me very much: the
idea of death had lost its novelty, and be-
come quite familiar. Finding signals in vain,
I now set up a ery or howl, such as I thought
best calculated to carry to a distance, and,
being favoured by the wind, it did, although
at above a mile distance, reach the ears of
some people on shore. At last I perceived
a boat rowing towards me, which, being very
small and white-bottomed, I had some time
taken for a fowl with a white breast; and I
was taken off the barge by Captain John-
stone, after being ten hours on the water. IF
found myself at the village of La Chine, 21
miles below where the accident happened,
and having been driven by the winding of the
current a much greater distance. I received
no other injury than bruised knees and breast,
132 EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE
with a slight cold. The accident took some
hold of my imagination, and, for seven or
eight succeeding nights, in my dreams, I was
engaged in the dangers of the Cascades, and
surrounded by drowning men.
My escape was owing to a concurrence of
fortunate circumstances, which appear almost
providential. I happened to catch hold of
various articles of support, and to exchange
each article for another just at the right time.
Nothing but the boom could have carried me
down the Cascades without injury,and nothing
but the barge could have saved me below
them. Iwas also fortunate in having the
whole day. Had the accident happened one
hour later, I should have arrived opposite
the village of La Chine after dark, and, of
course, would have been destroyed in the
rapids below, to which I was rapidly advanc-
ing. The trunk which furnished me with
provisions and aresting-place above the water,
Ihave every reason to think was necessary
to save my life; without it I must have pas-
sed the whole time in the water, and been
FROM DROWNING. 183
exhausted with cold and hunger. When the
people on shore saw our boat take the wrong
channel, they predicted our destruction: the
floating luggage, by supporting us fora time,
enabled them to make an exertion to save
us; but as it was not supposed possible to
survive the passage of the Cascades, no fur-
ther exertions were thought of, nor indeed
could they well have been made.
It was at this very place that General Am-
bertâ€™s brigade of 300 men, coming to attack
Canada, was lost; the French at Montreal
received the first intelligence of the invasion,
by the dead bodies floating past the town.
The pilot who conducted the first batteaux,
committing the same error that we did, ran
for the wrong channel, and the other batteaux
following close, all were involved in the same
destruction. The whole party with which I
was escaped ; four left the barge at the Cedar
village, above the rapids, and went to Mon-
treal by land; two more were saved by the
canoe; the bargeâ€™s crew, all accustomed to
labour, were lost. Of the eight men who
134 EXTRAORDINAKY ESCAPE
passed down the Cascades, none but myself
escaped, or were seen again; nor indeed was
it possible for any one, without my extra-
ordinary luck, and the aid of the barge, to
which they must have been very close, to
have escaped; the other men must have been
drowned immediately on entering the Cas-
cades. The trunks, Â§c., to which they ad-
hered, and the heavy great-coats which they
had on, very probably helped to overwhelm
them; but they must have gone at all events;
swimming in such a current of broken stormy
waves was impossible. Still I think my
knowing how to. swim kept me more colleet-
ed, and rendered me more willing to part
with one article of -support to gain a better.
Those who could not swim would naturally
cling to whatever hold they first got, and, of
course, many had very bad ones. The Cap-
tain passed me above the Cascades, on a sack
of woollen clothes, which were doubtless
soon saturated and sunk.
The trunk which I picked up belonged to
young man from Upper Canada, who was
ADVENTURE IN THE DESERT, ETC. 135
one of those drowned: it contained clothes,
and about Â£70 in gold, which was restored
to his friends. My own trunk contained, be-
sides clothes, about Â£200 in gold and bank
notes. On my arrival at La Chine, I offered
a reward of 100 dollars, which induced a
Canadian to go in search of it. He found it,
some days after, on the shore of an island on
which it had been driven, and brought it to
La Chine, where I happened to be at the
time. I paid him bis reward, and under-
stood that above one-third of it was to be
immediately applied to the purchase of a
certain number of masses which he had vow-
ed, in the event of success, previous to his
setting out on the search,
Adwenture in the Besert aut PAnrder af a Sheikh.
I was awakened for a few minutes, as early
as three o'clock on the following morning, by
the sound of many voices in Joud and earnest
conversation, amongst which I recognised that
of Sheikh Suleiman ; but as noisy conversa-
136 ADVENTURE IN THE DESERT,
tions at such early hours are by no means un-
common with these restless spirits of the wil-
derness, I gave no heed to it, and composed
myself for sleep again, intending to rise by
about half after four, in order to get a dip in
the Red Sea, before resuming the march;
and this intention I fulfilled; but just while
throwing on the few cluthes I had taken with
me, I heard suddenly a loud strife of many
tongues bursting forth, not in our encamp-
ment, but in a small copse or grove of palm
trees, about two hundred yards distant. -At
once the thought rushed upon my mind that
the Mezzeni had overtaken us, and were
meditating an attack, now that we were so
near the place of their main encampment.
This was directly confirmed by the sound of
a gun-shot in the palm-grove, which was soon
followed up by asecond. I ran up towards
the encampment as rapidly as possible, and
just as I reached it another shot rang awfully
upon my ear. I found our party in a state
of the greatest consternation, and gathered
closely together, gazing wildly towards the
AND MURDER OF A SHEIKH. 137
grove. The first thing I learnt was the har-
rowing fact, that poor Suleiman had just been
murdered by the Mezzeni! It was an as-
tounding announcement. To what would this
desperate blow leadâ€”here, in the Desert ?
The prospect of further bloodshed was terri-
ble. It would have been insupportable, but
for the influence of that inward calmness
which is the privilege of the children of God.
We were braced up for the worst, and stood
gazing upon the scene, in full expectation
that out of a deep and deadly spirit of re-
venge, we should be immediately overpowered
by the enemy, and held entirely at their mer-
cyâ€”as any shew of defence against so many
as had now come down upon us, would have
been utterly futile, and might have led to the
destruction of us all. How wild and desolate
this awful theatre of death appeared, while,
with the sound of gun-shots still vibrating in
our ears, we thought of Suleiman writhing
in his death-throes, and anxiously watched
the movements of the murderers. We were
motionlessâ€”almost breathless. Each man
138 ADVENTURE IN THE DESERT,
among us gazed silently upon his fellow. Our
suspense was not of great duration, but long
enough to get the heart secretly lifted up in
communion with a God of mercy. And there
was sweet peacefulness in that brief exer-
cise. . . . My worst fears were groundless.
The hearts of all men are in Godâ€™s hands.
Our helplessness must have been a powerful
matter of temptation to the blood-stained
men over whom the departed soul of Suleiman
was hovering; but God restrained them. .
Having slaughtered their victim, the
Mezzeni (of whom above forty were coun-
ted) quietly marched back towards Nuweibia,
without exchanging even a word with us,
leaving behind them the corpse of poor Su-
leimanâ€”a sad memorial of their malignant
vengeance; while several others of their tribe,
who had been lying in ambush beyond the
scene of terror, came forth from their
hiding-places, and joined their retreating
My heart almost sickens at the recollection
of this dreadful transaction, while referring
AND MURDER OF A SHEIKH. 139
to the notes made on the spot, and compiling
from them the particulars of this sad page.
As soon as the enemy had fairly departed,
I took Hassenein with me, and advanced
carefully towards the copse of palm trees,
where I found the mangled body of poor Sulei-
man quite dead, but with the agony of the
death-pang still visible on his sunburnt and.
swarthy features. It was a terrible sight, thus
to behold the leader and confidential com-
panion of our wild route lying as the clods of
the valley, and saturated with his own life-
blood. And how, in a Christianâ€™s heart, was
the sense of the sad reality heightened, by
knowing that the poor sufferer was a follower
of the false prophetâ€”a Mahommedanâ€”igno-
rant of Him who was â€œdelivered for our of-
fences, and raised again for our justification.
I have seen death in many forms, but I
never beheld it with so dread an aspect as it
I was more than half inclined to withhold
the minute particulars of the dark tragedy;
when arriving at this part of my narrative;
140 ADVENTURE IN THE DESERT,
but they now fasten themselves upon my mind,
and I feel constrained to leave them on
Suleiman had received three balls through
his body, and four sabre-gashes on his head,
which was also nearly severed from the trunk;
and his right arm, which had been evidently
raised in an attempt at warding off a blow,
was all but divided near the wrist. We re-
turned to the encampment, where our Arabs
were sitting together, still terrified. At length
a few of them who volunteered their aid, went
and washed the body, wrapped it in an un-
folded turban, and prepared it for immediate
interment. They hastily formed a resting-
place, about a mile upwards, towards the hills
which skirted the plain in which we were en-
camped, by raising four walls of large loose
stones. Having made all ready, they brought
up the remains of their leader, laid across the
back of his camel, and, with deep emotion,
deposited them in their final abode, arching
it over with large masses of stone, and quit-
ting it with what appeared to me like deep
AND MURDER OF A SHEIKH. 141
expressions of vengeance against the tribe,
on which lay the guilt of his murder.
I turned away from the tomb with a heavy
heart. . . . Was my way to the Holy
City of my God to be tracked with blood ?
On making a careful inquiry into the par-
ticulars immediately connected with this sad
catastrophe, I collected the following :â€”It
appeared that while we were resting on the
previous day at Wadey el Aywin, the Mez-
zeni came down in order to make a final effort
at supporting, without bloodshed, their claim
to conduct travellers through their territory
to Akabah. Sheikh Furriqh was of the num-
ber, as I have already stated. When he was
about to retire, after an unsuccessful attempt,
an Arab of his tribe came and secretly in-
formed him that his (Furrighâ€™s) nephew had
been shot on the previous day by one of Sulei-
manâ€™s tribe, in reference to the very question
then pending. On receiving this information,
Furrigh at once broke off all negotiation, and
quitted the encampment. It is believed that
Suleiman never knew the fact which had been
142 ADVENTURE IN THE DESERT,
communicated to Furriqh; but news was
brought to him that the Mezzeni intended to
pursue us with an increased force; and this
quite accounts for all the anxiety and timidity
which he evinced during the afternoon and
evening preceding his death. It appears that
the Mezzeni, bent on accomplishing their
purpose, gathered together their force, and,
following us at dromedary speed, arrived at
the encampment as early as two oâ€™clock in the
morningâ€”that a deputation from them came
to Suleiman, while some of the rest remained
in the palm-grove, and others went in ad-
vance, and formed ambuscadesâ€”that Sheikh
Furriqh-was one of the deputationâ€”that Su-
leiman shewed them the usual hospitality of
breaking bread with themâ€”that the confer-
ence ended without any adjustment of the
matter in disputeâ€”that after the deputation
had retired to the copse, two Arabs ofa neu-
tral tribe, who had come with us from Mount
Sinai, went to the Mezzeni in order to me-
diate, but were unsuccessfulâ€”that while they
remained Suleiman was sent for, and that
AND MURDER OF A SHEIKH. 143
having broken bread with the Mezzeni, he
had a right to expect that his life would be
held sacredâ€”that Suleiman had scarcely
reached the adverse party, when Sheikh Fur-
righ said, â€˜â€˜ We do not care about the money,
but there is blood between us ;â€â€”that in-
stantly one of the Mezzeni shot him through
the body, and that Furrigh cut him down
with his sabre, while two other shots which
were fired took effect upon him. My recol-
lection of Furriqh, from the first moment
that he appeared in our caravan, is such as to
convince me that he would readily commit
such an act as thisâ€”so subtleâ€”so cruel â€”so
cowardlyâ€”without one feeling of remorse or
Printed by Wm. Irwin, 53, Oldham Street, Manchester.
and to show how perils may be surmounted,
and privations endured with energy and pa-
tience, is to teach no unimportant lesson.
Nothing whatever has been introduced into
this Volume, but such subjects as will teach a
dependence upon Divine Providence, in aid
of self-reliance and self-sacrifice, while details
of war and bloodshed have been studiously
Ananran Hosprrariry, re. Page
Hospitality of tae Arab. |e 9
Horrors of African Warfare... 18
Crocodile Shooting - . - . . 16
Remanrxapre INSTANCE OF CovRAGEIN A Lapy. 19
Invran Frenp Srortsâ€”
Method of Catching Birds. - 2h
"The Hyena a 24
TheBear 2. ee - + 26
Sagacity of the Elephant . . â€”- 27
Anecdotes of the Tiger. - 30
DearH or Sr Jonny Moore. 37
Penstan Tyranny... ee 46
Sxercues in Vira@rn1aâ€” â€˜
Rock Bridge . 2. 2. . . . 52
Wierâ€™sCave. . . . . 2. BD
Tar Cunistiaw Suave rm Ps % . .
Tuk object of this Volume is that of in-
ducing young people to read, co cultivate in
them a habit of reading and reflection, and to
excite the imagination, the feelings, and the
better emotions of their nature in a pleasur-
able and judicious manner.
The pieces selected are such as will be likely
to exert a beneficial influence upon the reader,
to inspire him with heroic enthusiasm, and to
lead him to despise danger.
In our perpetually migrating population, no
one can tell who will not be called upon to
brave the vicissitudes of â€˜â€˜flood and field;â€~
Cnterprige and Adventure;
EXCITEMENT TO READING.
A NEW AND CONDENSED EDITION.
WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY ABSALON.
DARTON AND CO., HOLBORN HILL.
POPULAR JUVENILE BOOKS,
Of established reputation, which may be safely placed into
the hands of Cluldren, blending Amusement with
DARTONâ€™S HOLIDAY LIBRARY,
â€˜A SERIES OF
SHILLING VOLUMES FOR THE YOUNG,
BY APPROVED AUTHORS.
No. 1. MARY LEESON, by Mary Howrrr. Ius-
trated by Jonn A ESOLOR,
No. 2. TAKE CARE OF No. 1, or Good to Ve in-
cludes Good to Thee, by S. B. Gooprrom, Esq.,
(the Original Peter Parley). Llustrated by
No. 3. HOW TO SPEND A WEEK HAPPILY, by
Mrs. Burncry. With Illustrations.
No.4. POEMS FOR YOUNG CHILDREN, by
â€œ ApELATDE,â€ one of the amiable Authoresses
of * Original Poems.â€ With Illusâ‚¬rations.
No. 5. THE YOUNG LORD, by Camrura Tour ;
and VICTORINE DUROCHER, by Mrs.
Saxrrwoop. With Illustrations.
No. 6. PAULINE, a Tale from the German. With Ll-
No. 7. HOUSEHOLD STORIES. With Illustrations.
Nos. 8 & 9. IN-DOOR AND OUT-DOOR SPORTS.
No. 10. STORIES OF ENTERPRISE AND ADVEN-
TURE; or, AN EXCITEMENT TO READ-
ING. Ilustrated with Wood Engravings from
Designs by Ansoxon.
No. 11. THE BOOK OF RIDDLES, ETC.
Â«The Volumes of DARTONâ€™S HOLIDAY LIBRARY
which have reached us, comprise a most interesting Series
of Books for Young People, written by some of our most
Popular Authors, and all having a tendency towards tho
formation of correct principles and habits in the minds
of the Young. They blend amusement with instruction
in the most delightful manner. We cordial; ly recommend
them as by far the best books of their class.â€
Viorenr Hanruquaxe mw CanaBRiA : :
Escare yroM 4 Suir on Free. . :
â€˜The Albatross. oo 8 8
Visit to a Ponquin Rookery . 0.
The Sea Elephant . .- <
Visit from the Natives at Terra Del Fuego
Chillan mode of capturing Wild Horses
Fight between Â» Whale and a Killer.
â€˜War Dances of the New Zealanders . .
History of Paddy Connel =.
EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE FROM DRowNING
ADVENTURE OX THE DxsuRT, aND Murpre oÂ¥
A Sueme . . .
xml record header identifier oai:www.uflib.ufl.edu.ufdc:UF0000354400001datestamp 2008-11-14setSpec [UFDC_OAI_SET]metadata oai_dc:dc xmlns:oai_dc http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc xmlns:dc http:purl.orgdcelements1.1 xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.openarchives.orgOAI2.0oai_dc.xsd dc:title The book of enterprise and adventure Book of enterpriseDarton's holiday library dc:creator Dalziel, George, 1815-1902 ( Engraver )Irwin, William ( Printer )Absalon ( Illustrator )Darton & Co ( Publisher )dc:subject Adventure and adventurers -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )Publishers' advertisements -- 1853 ( rbgenr )dc:description b Statement of Responsibility with illustrations by Absalon.Publisher's advertisement follow text, also on the endpapers and flyleaves of both the front and back covers.Ill. engraved by G. Dalziel.dc:publisher Darton and Co.dc:date 1853dc:type Bookdc:format 143, <1>, 35, <1> p. : ill. ; 15 cm.dc:identifier http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/ufdc/?b=UF00003544&v=00001002222374 (ALEPH)AAA4916 (LTQF)ALG2616 (LTUF)45964361 (OCLC)dc:source University of Floridadc:language Englishdc:coverage England -- LondonEngalnd -- Manchester
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WARNING CODE 'Daitss::Anomaly' Invalid character
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