Front Matter
 Title Page
 The purpose and accidents...
 Kindred ties
 The fortitude of a Christian
 The search for a new residence
 The removal to the Westward

Group Title: happy family, or, Scenes of American life
Title: The happy family, or, Scenes of American life
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00003520/00001
 Material Information
Title: The happy family, or, Scenes of American life designed for well instructed children of seven years old and upwards
Alternate Title: Scenes of American life
Physical Description: 215, <10> p., <11> leaves of plates : ill., map ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Cardell, William S ( William Samuel ), 1780-1828
Hunt, Uriah ( Publisher )
Publisher: Uriah Hunt
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Publication Date: 1853, c1832
Copyright Date: 1832
Edition: New ed.
Subject: Family -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Travelers -- Juvenile fiction -- West (U.S.)   ( lcsh )
Frontier and pioneer life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Farm life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Happiness -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Embossed cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1853   ( rbbin )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1853   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1853
Genre: Embossed cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Statement of Responsibility: by William S. Cardell.
General Note: Publisher's catalogue follows text.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00003520
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002223048
oclc - 16840612
notis - ALG3296
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Matter
        Page 1
        Page 1a
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    The purpose and accidents of life
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Kindred ties
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 31a
    The fortitude of a Christian
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 34a
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    The search for a new residence
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 50a
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    The removal to the Westward
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
Full Text

LEtML2 tH r "SMM HEX pi

qaw h4wor
mbk' b's.

LW nId Ui wlH
L*Mwwfajffi%=fd~i Ewar








Errm according t t t he Act of Congre. it the year
18a by UnrA Ham, in the Clerk's Oice the Distict
Court of the Ea stern Disict of Penylvaia



Tnas work is a humble attempt in that field
which no man worthy of being called an author
is expected to enter, with the anticipation of profit,
or of desirable fame. If such a performance is
noticed with approbation, it is by those, chiefly,
whose feeble voice is not regarded at the tribu-
nals of literary fashion, or not headed at so great a
distance. No work of the kind, with whatever
care or skill it might be executed, is to form the
topic of discourse in a drawing room; nor, in rich
binding, to become the pride of the book case.
A reviewer, of lofty pretensions, is not to descend
from the reigning productions of the age, to criti-
cise a miniature volume for children. That
would be deemed a childish employment; and
the official judges in the republic of letters would
1* 6

S alnname
not promote their own interest by devoting their
pages to such a theme.
Other motives than those which appear at first
view, must have a share in writing for those who,
where they approve, have no power to confer the
rewards which are commonly sought. Among
the various subjects of human research, few, if
any, involve higher interest than the juvenile mind,
through its gradations of development; and yet
hardly any thing seems to be less understood, in
its most important bearings, or less thought of,
even by those best qualified for the investigation.
Besides the interest which belongs to the early
advancement of intellect, as a subject of philoso-
phie inquiry, there are, in the United States,
many considerations which give it additional im.
portance, in a national view.
It is not now to be made a question whether
our political Institutions are right or wrong. Edu-
cation is to be conducted with reference to honour
and usefulness under these institutions as they
are, and to the sentiments on which they depend
for permanent support. In each particular cnse,
and with regard to the welfare of all, there should

be a view to this general object. So far as indi-
vidual and domestic happiness are concerned, those
who, in any degree, give direction to the instruction
of children, should bear in mind that it is quite as
necessary to teach the heart as the understanding.
To tell our pupils that they ought to be good, is
a lesson which is easily given but, in that didac-
tic form, is not likely to produce a very beneficial
effect; and, often repeated, will tire and disgust.
It is a point of much higher skill to convey, im-
pressively, the requisite instruction; to restrain,
in some degree, the sallies of ill temper ; improve
the judgment and taste, and inspire the love of
what is elevated and good.
Books for children are liable to two prevailing
defects. One, that they present difficulties en
tirely above their comprehension, and the other,
that they are below ail power of salutary influence.
There is a very wide difference between being
simple, and being silly, though these ideas are
too often confounded.
Foreign books, of course, are not to be pro-
scribed, nor illiberal sentiments towards foreign
institutions encouraged. At a suitable period, the

writings of European authors may, very properly,
be introduced as sources of instruction : but it is
absurd that they should be made, among our
children, the main standard of feeling and thought.
Parents who take the trouble to examine, can
hardly fail to observe, that extensively as these
juvenile books are multiplied, the far greater part
contain very little American, except occasionally,
in a renewed compilation, the word .merican, in
Title page.
Some of these works are deserving of very
high praise, and do credit to the British and
French writers who have devoted their talents to
this unobtrusive, but extremely useful employ-
ment: yet, with whatever intrinsic excellence
these transatlantic writings may possess, they
give, in the proportion in which they are here
read, a general wrong direction to the minds of
the young, and to an extent, of which, perhaps,
few persons are aware. They are modelled on
a condition of life, and on prevailing sentiments.
civil, moral, and social, materially varying from
those which American children should early be
taught to cherish.

Ths is not the place to dwell at large on the
principles here slightly advanced. The immedi-
ate incitement to the writing of this volume, was
the circumstance of observing a woman in a book-
store, buying- something' for her children to
read. There was a melancholy interest in seeing
a mother, who appeared otherwise respectable,
selecting volumes of falsehood, nonsense, and bad
English, which it would not be easy for malig-
nant design to surpass, as if she had been under the
influence of that necromancy in which she was
unwittingly preparing to instruct her children.
It is not to be expected that persons in general
are to become familiar with this department of
literature, nor to be able, in all instances, to choose
with discretion; but, how pitiable is the mistake
of that parent who thus, in feelings of tenderness,
infuses poison into the minds of her offspring,
with all their intellectual food.
There are mothers, and the number is increasing,
who not only love their children, but manifest
high intelligence in the exerese of maternal af
fiction. This, though a very unostentatious is
one of the most interesting exhibitions of human

nature. The character of the United States, as a
nation, will be high or low, in proportion to the
number of such mothers.
Whether this work has avoided the evils here
alluded to, without falling into others na liable to
objection, is for the public to decide. All the
guaranty which can be offered, is of the negative
kind. No direct aid was received from Blue
Beard," or any other giant ; nor from a wisard,
or winard's pen; nor m; nor magic ; nor fiddling
cats; nor motherly talking goats. The design
was to make the narrative true to nature, to cor-
rect principles, and the condition of ordinary life.
With all its defects, it is, in substance, but the
plain recital of events which have taken place,
probably in more families than one, and which
are likely to happen in many others. Children
will readily determine whether it pleases them.
selves; and some of their parents can judge
whether they ought to be pleased with it or not.


The Purposes and accidentss of Isfe.
",TI hppioni ha not its asat
And aAfre in br.At,
We may wise, o rih, or reat,
But never n bwe lat"
1. TmE history of Mr. Edward John-
son and his family will explain some of
the scenes which are common in he
varying conditions of human affairs.
2. It must not be supposed that the
members of this family, called happy,
were free, at all times, from trouble; for
earthly happiness is never complete.
They, like others, had their sorrows;
and some of the trials through which
they passed were severe. They were

sensible, and kind: but no human being
is perfect; and even these excellent peo-
ple had their failings.
3. The enjoyments of this domestic
circle; the afflictions they felt or feared;
the fortitude and hope which cheered
their gloomiest hours, will teach us that
happiness does not depend on fine show,
nor on bags of silver and gold; but on
a good temper, a conscience at peace,
and the company of friends deservedly
4. Some old poets had a wild notion
that there was once a time when whole
nations lived without any kind of work;
when all were so honest that laws were
useless, and children stood in no need
5. If there ever was such a state of
things, it was in some other sphere, of
which we have no exact account; and
not in any part of this globe on which
we live. Such a change, if it could take
place, is not suited to the- people of our
World, as they now are, and would not
make them happy.

6. That Being, all powerful and good,
who preserves us in life, has certainly
placed us here on earth for some wise
purpose. We ought to find out, as cor-
rectly as we can, what t1lt purpose is,
and then try, with diligence, to answer
the design for which we were made.
This is what children should think of, in
a serious way.
7. All persons wish to be happy: the
greatest happiness is the pleasure of do-
ing good, and it is the duty of all to
make themselves useful, in some way or
other. If it was the general practice for
people to be idle, every thing human
would go to decay.
8. "'Knowledge is power," said a very
wise man. To get knowledge then, is
the best means for helping ourselves or
others: and those who are yet too young
to attend to much else, should store their
minds with learning, to prepare for what
is most noble, when they are old enough
to act among men.
9. It is about twelve years since Wh.
Johnson met with a severe loss which

gave an important turn to the events of
lis life. He was a native of Massachu-
setts, in which state, till that time, he
had lived, under circumstances of pros-
perous fortuma It is proper to explain,
m some degree, the nature of the mis-
fortunes which happened to him.
10. In the different kinds of business
in which men engage, to provide for
themselves and faMles, many changes
take place, which cause one person to
gain and another to lose.
11. All riches are only the earnings
of working people laid up in some way
or other. Houses are timber, and brick,
;@tone, metal and glass, brought from the
wood, the clay-pit, quarry, and forge,
put together, with great labor, in the
right shape for people to live in.
12. Persons who have not thought of
such matters would be surprised to find
how many trades are required to furnish
all that is wanted in building a house.
Every part is whaCtindustry produces, in
some way or other. Dollars and cents
are made of ore, dug from the mine,

hammered out in fla rs, and then
stamped into coin at the it. .
13. The real worth of tigs is ac-
cording to the importance of their use:
but the price in market &es and. falls,
by their being plenty or rare, as they
happen to be easy or difficult to get.
14. Gold would be cheaper than iron,
if there was as much of it; because it
would not answer for so many uses. It
is wisely ordered that the metal neces-
sary, beyond all others, to the wants of
men, exists in most parts of the earth,
while those who hunt or dig for gold,
find that this article is very scarce.
15. It is pleasant to reflect, for a mo-
ment, on the thousand ways in which
our wants are supplied, Farmers and
fishermen, supply us with provisions.
Wool, and cotton, and flax, for clothing,
also come from the farmers. MAechanics,
of different trades, and manufacturers,
work up these materials as they are
wanted for use.
16. It is the merchants' part to bring
together, from the four quarters of the

world, such thuigs as buyers want, and
keep them for sale. Sailors are eploy-
ed to trawiport these goods from one
distant region to another.
17. Some rvite books, and others
print and bind them. Teachers instruct
us; doctors give us medicine when we
are sick, and the officers of government,
by dealing with foreign nations, and by
bringing rogues to justice, protect honest
18. All these persons help each other,
and it is as if, for binding all their in-
terests snug together, each one furnished
a link of a long and strong chain, with
a hook at each end, and a swivel in the
19. One of these trades is as good as
another, if it affords a good profit; for
whatever is honest and useful, is always
honorable in a free country.
20. But if a juggler comes along, and
makes silly children stare and wonder
to see him dance on a rope, balance a
sword upon his nose, or turn a half eagle
into a six cent piece, he is no better than

Inam HaPP FaMI.. 17
a drone in the hive, which eats honey,
without hel pn to make it because if
this mountebank should swallow twenty
jack knives, or half a peck of live coals,
instead of only cheating blockheads by
pretending to do it, all that would be no
benefit to himself or any body else.
21. When we consider how many dif-
ferent arts and trades are carried on;
how many kinds of dealing and manu-
facture are connected with the safety, or
the wants of men, we do not wonder that
there are thousands of ways to gain or
lose, or meet with accidents.
22. It would not be possible to ex-
ain all these, if a hundred books should
written for that very purpose. A sin-
gle example will give some faint idea of
the whole.
23. There is a very curious kind of
tree which grows to a considerable size,
and is called the logwood tree. The
whole body of thins wood is of a deep
brown, or purple color, and the tincture
obtained from boihng the chips, makes a
beautiful stain or dye, for a vast number

of cloths, and other things, which are
colored with it.
24. By different ways of preparing this
dye stuff the color may be changed to
various shades of brown and purple, or
by a mixture of copperas, may be turned
to deep black.
25. No body ever saw any trees of
this kind growing in the woods about
here. This article, of such great use, is
brought by sea, from the countries to
the south and west of the gulf of Mexico.
26. To carry on the business which
belongs to this single thing, one set of
men, with their vessels, must go after
it, another buy and sell it, and the third
work it up in manufactures. This brings
us to consider the nature of trade, in or-
der to understand the misfortunes which
happened to the excellent Mr. Johnson
and his family.
27. Persons who buy goods to dispose
of to others, expect to sell for more than
they give, and this difference in price
makes the profit which they depend on
for their own living; and the owner of a

factory, who buys cotton in bales, and
has it spun, must get more for the yarn
than he gives for the cotton, or he loses
all his expense and trouble: but those
who buy or manufacture goods have to
run the risk of selling them, at such
prices as they can get. There is also
the danger of fire, of thieves, and other
ills, to which human affairs are sub-
28. Suppose a merchant who deals in
paints and dye stuffs, has a large parcel
of logwood in his store, and there comes
a war: then the ships can not go to get
more, without great danger of being
taken by an enemy. This article, in
that case becomes very scarce.
29. The clothiers and hatters must
have logwood, to color brown and black.
This merchant can then raise his price,
rhaps from two dollars to six, for a
hundred weight. In selling one hundred
tons at that rate, he would gain four
thousand dollars: and thus the same war
which does so much damage to his neigh-
bors, helps to make this one man rich.

30. Again, suppose the war lasts a
long time, and a trader, at a great ex-
pense, gets a large supply of logwood for
his customers. He expects to sell this
article at a profit; but there suddenly
comes a peace, and whole cargoes of
this wood, newly brought from Cam-
peachy, are offered in market, at a
cheap rate.
31. This merchant must sell as low
as others, or keep a thing which is of no
use to him. Perhaps he gets twenty
dollars a ton, for what cost him sixty.
Such losses on a number of articles
might make him a poor man, and if he
owed money he would not be able to pay
his deots.
32. It happened to Mr. Johnson, not
precisely in this way, but something
much like it, in the year 1815, at the
close of the war with Great Britain.


Rindred Ties.
The lite strong embrace
Of pranag children, twined around his neck,
And emulol to please im;s calling forth
The fond parental monL
33. MU. Jonsson possessed by nature
a pleasing disposition, good talents, and
great fondness for learning. When
young, he attended the best schools, and
made rapid progress in the different
branches which were taught.
34. From the time he was quite a
child, it was thought, by those who knew
him best, that he would become a man
far above the common cast, for know-
ledge and good character.
35. His good disposition was shown
by many acts of kindness, at this early
period of his life. There was living,
about a mile distant, a boy six years old,
who appeared to have a bright mind,
but by misfortune had never learned his

36. Edward Johnson was missing,
one day, and his friends searched a long
time without being able to find him.
37. After much inquiry, and some fear
respecting his safety, it was found that
he had gone with a small book, and a
splinter to point with, to teach the alpha-
bet to the unfortunate boy: for Edward,
who was eight years old, could not bear
the thought that any child should grow
up without knowing how to read and
38. The little boy seemed very anxious
to learn; and Edward took great pains
to assist him. Mrs. Johnson, seeing her
son so much in earnest, had this boy in-
vited to her house when, finding him a
very smart little fellow, she gave hinm
good advice, and helped her son to in-
struet him.
39. Arrangements were soon made to
send him to school, where he became the
best scholar in his class: but Edward
still continued to assist him, as often as
he could.
40. Some rough clownish fellows tried

to hinder this poor boy from learning.
Whenever they saw him, they used to
set up a laugh, and call him Ned John-
son's disciple: but Edward's mother told
them, that if silly people chose to laugh
at them for doing good, she hoped such
a trifling affair, would never drive them
from the right course. In less than a
year the little boy moved away, to a
great distance; and Edward had no
means of hearing from him again.
41. The excellent Edward Johnson
grew up, very much esteemed in the cir-
cle of his acquaintance. Following the
advice of Dr. Franklin, and the stronger
feelings of his own heart, he married,
early in life, Miss Maria Roberts, a
young lady of the highest merits, then
residing with her parents, a few niles
from his own house.
42. MAr. Roberts, Maria's father, was
the settled minister in the pleasant vil-
lage where he lived; and the meeting
house in which he preached stood so
near his dwelling that the old family
house-keeper could hear the ticking of

the ton clock, and found that the
shadow of the steeple on the 20th of
June, just reached the kitchen door at
four o'clock in the afternoon.
43. Mr. Roberts was a well educated
man, of good sense, and lived that Chris-
tian life which he so eloquently explained
from the pulpit.
44. His wife was a woman of superior
excellence, kind in all the relations of life,
and very careful not to speak evil of
others, without strong cause. Her ad-
vice was generally first asked when
any good thing was to be done among
her acquaintance in the most proper
45. They had three children, two sons
and a daughter. One of the sons died
when a small child: the other appeared
quite promising while young; but, in a
singular and unexpected manner, con-
nected himself with a sot of bad com-
panions, and became a very degraded
and wretched being.
46. After all means had been tried to
reclaim him, lie got on board a ship, to

go to the East Indies, where he lingered
and died on the remote coast of Asia.
47. The suffering which these parents
felt at the conduct of their profligate
son, was in some, degree relieved by the
uncommon excellence of his sister, on
whom all their earthly hopes now rested.
She possessed a mind and heart of supe-
rior order, and her means of instruction
were the best which her parents could
48. This worthy family were highly
respected through the whole parish.
They had witnessed some of the ills of
human life; and, attentive to their own
conduct, made large allowance for the
failings of others.
49. Those who knew them were care-
ful not to speak evil of a neighbour in
their presence; and Mr. Johnson, in
seeking a companion for life, followed
the important rule, to choose the dutiful
daughter of a good mother.
50. The parting scene at Mr. Roberts'
was one of much tenderness, when this
daughter left them, to begin keeping

house for herself. Strongly as her a-
rents wished for the happiness of tis
beloved daughter, it was a painful trial
for them to part vwit her.
51. Maria, devoten- was, in af-
fection and confidence, to her husband,
shed many tears, ashe was riding away
from her father's house, and reflecting,
that though she might often see them
again, she was not any longer to live at
that parental home, to which she had, till
that time, been indebted for nearly all the
enjoyments of her life.
52. Mr. Johnson noticed her tears,
and readily imagined the cause; but he
chose to leave her, for a little while, to
her own feelings, knowing that if she
could be wanting in grateful attachment
to such a father and mother, she would
be destitute of a charm which he very
highly pized.
53. Though Mr. Johnson's property
was small, he was prospered in his in-
dustry, and continued to live very hap-
pily with his beloved wife, till they were
blessed with four sons and three daugh-

ters, active, kind hearted, fond of their
books, as children of bright minds are,
and quite forward in learning for their
age. Their namew yere George, Wil-
liam, Juli, Ja Jmes, Enma, Henry, an
54 The delight which this agreeable
family enjoyed was promoted, not only
by the respect which the children, gener-
ally, paid to their parents, but by their
affection for each other.
55. Great pains were taken to make
them understand that, for their lives, and
for every blessing, they depended on an
All-seeing God; and to have them very
careful, when alone, to do nothing, but
what this Divine Being, their parents, and
their own conscience, would approve:
because, when people do wrong, it bris
a feeling of guilt, and shame, and slavis
fear; and then they cannot be happy: be-
sides they are liable, in many ways, to
be punished for their misdeeds.
56. Among otheng other things, very partic-
lar care was taken, in Mr. Johnson's
family, to teach a sacred regard for

truth, as the foundation of almost every
thing which is praiseworthy in human
57. Their mother called the children
to stand by her, while she feelingly ex-
plained to them the virtue of truth. She
told them of the excellent people we read
of, who would not be guilty of a base
falsehood to save their lives; who feared
their God, and feared to do wrong; but
knew no other fear.
58. It may seem strange, to some,
that, after all the care taken with these
favoured children, they should, on any
occasion, wilfully depart from what they
knew to be right, and put their parents
and themselves to shame; yet so the
fact was.
59. In one instance, James had done
a piece of roguery, not of a very serious
kind, and which was of only trifling con-
seqwv ce, if he had been honest enough
to o the truth but, to his sorrow, he
undertook to deceive his father.
60. Mr. Johnson suspecting how the
affair might be, took pains to find out

the whole in a very particular manner,
before he said a word to James about it,
on purpose to see wheta his son would
deny it, and resort to d lepton, in the
vam hope of clearing himself
61. This little boy had not the least
idea that his father knew all about the
matter; and supposed that if he denied
it, when he was asked to tell how it was,
he should then get clear. He made a
gross misstatement at the very begin-
ning, and then told a number of other
crooked stories, in order to get along, if
possible, and not be detected.
62. Mr. Johnson at last told James to
stop where he was: for he had said a
great deal too much. The poor boy's
guilt and shame were such that he knew
not how to act, when he heard his father
statethe circumstances, just as they had
happened, and found that this excellent
parent, who looked with horror on a
falsehood, knew the full extent of his
son's guilt.
63. Mr. Johnson talked in a very sen-
sible manner to James, upon the mean-

30 r n nEar ~n F .IL
ness and wickedness of such a practice.
This good father knew very well that
children are a o o be thoughtless, and do
many things Xhthey should not, even
where they have no wiced intention.
64. As long, as a child will own the
truth, and try to do better, there is hope
of him; atid almost any thing else may
be'more easily overlooked than the prac-
tice of ly g-
65. Ilr. Johnson left his son to his own
reflections, till the next morning. James
slept but little that night. He felt con-
fused at looking his mother in the face;
and when called into the room with
his father, the next morning, his mortifi-
cation was extreme. No one was pre-
sent, except these two, nor is it known
what punishment James received; but,
whatever it was, he appeared neVr to
forget it.
66, Mrs. Johnson was a woman of
uncommon excellence, and possessed
great skill in giving instruction to her
children. She used to say, that a large
part of the trouble, in most families,

proceeds from their own ignorance, or ill
nature, or both. It is a blessing beyond
all price for children to have the teaching
of such a mother.
67. Several years had passed on, in a
very agreeable manner, with this family,
so united in affection and respect. No-
thing serious took place to disturb their
felicity, till they were called to endure a
very painful trial in the death of Mr.
68. Mrs. Johnson was with her excel-
lent, and much honored father, during
the chief part of his sickness, which was
but a few days. All which the best of
wives, a most dutiful daughter, and kind
friends could do, was done, to sooth his
pains, and supply his wants.
69. The parting with this parent was,
to Mrs. Johnson, a most deeply affecting
sceh His life had been the pattern of
whans excellent in human conduct: he
died as the good man dies; and his last
expressions to his friends were the words
of peace and hope.
70. Mrs. Johnson spent as much time

DEATu DO MR plOslTi, PIBg 31.

with her widowed mother as she could,
without improper neglect of her own
family: and, in the bereaved situation of
this good parent, the attentions of such
a daughter were better than any other
earthly comfort.


The Fortitude of a Christian.
*"Thy hear, amidst their afietioins, that maRl voice,
which na ys, Fear not, for I m with thee "
71. Ma. JOHNSON had been for some
time engaged in a factory, which it was
thought would afford a large profit. He
wished to carry on this business in the
best manner, and was at much e nse
to prepare for the purpose.
72. He did much also to make his
house convenient for the family; for he
had no intention of moving from it, while
he lived. The profits began to come m

MI. JoIJOlN'SfllqYpa 3.

quite as fast as had been expected; and,
after laboring hard to place his affairs in
a prosperous condition, it now appeared
that he might look forward to a hand-
some reward for his toil.
73. He was not very covetous of
riches for himself; but wished to provide
for his family, to educate them well, and
to put them in situations to engage in
good business for themselves, when the
proper time of life should arrive.
74. All human affairs are uncertain;
and Mr. Johnson's plans, though they
seemed fair and good, turned out very
badly indeed. The news came that the
war was at an end; and though it is much
the best to have peace, yet it came in a
very bad time for Mr. Johnson.
S75. Almost every kind of business
took a new turn. The cotton in bales
growso dear, the yar and wove cloth
so cheap, that it was not possible to
carry on the factory to any advantage.
He had to sell all his goods at a very low
price, or not sell them at all.
76. lie trusted some people who did

not pay him; some failed and could not
pay; others died, and he lost the debts.
He was obliged to sell the factory for a
quarter of what it cost; and so numer-
ous and great were his losses, in different
ways, that he was not able to pay the
money he owed.
77. Then his creditors sued him, and
he was forced to pay large bills of cost.
Still he tried to keep every thing as near
right as he could; and his sons, though
they were young, made the best exertions
in their power to help him.
78. With all their efforts, the difficul-
ties increased. To make the matter
worse, there were persons who had plans
of self interest against Mr. Johnson, ex-
pecting to gain by what he lost, and re-
joiced at his downfall. The house, the
little farm, the garden, which the whole
family had taken great pains to nake;
the horse and cow, every thing was to be
79. Mr. Johnson was a man of un-
common fortitude, and could bear almost
any trial for himself; but was so attach-


sICKEazs or EMlMA, page 8.

ed to his family, that it greatly affected
him to think of their being reduced to
keen distress.
80. At this critical time, his daughter
Emma, a lovely little girl, five years old,
was taken very sick. Mrs. Johnson her-
self, at this time, was not in good health.
Her troubles, and anxious watching, af-
fected her still more. It appeared that
she must sink under so many trials; but
her greatest sufferings had not yet ar-
81. Mr. Johnson, in addition to the
cares which perplexed his mind, had been
exposed to great fatigue. He was taken
with an inflammation on his lungs, and
the doctor considered his disorder a very
dangerous one.
82. He lay sick in one room, and
Emma in another, and Mrs. Johnson, b
turns, spent what time she could with
each. Though distressfully pained at the
thought that one or both would be taken
from her, she used all her efforts to cheer
and encourage them, and provide for
their wants.

83. When she could no longer support
her troubles, she went alone to another
room. There is one Being, who, though
unseen, knows all the sorrows of his
faithful children. To this Divine Friend
she opened her whole heart.
84. She begged that, in mercy, her be-
loved husband and her child, might be
spared; or that she might be resigned to
whatever lot an all wise Providence had
destined for her: and, when prayers and
tears had relieved her burdened mind,
she went back, with a look of patience,
to the bed-sides of her husband and
85. No children of the same age,would
have exceeded George and William and
Julia, in dutiful attention to their parents.
James, and even little Henry showed
much concern for his father and sister.
The neighbors manifestedgreat kindness,
on seeing this very worthy family reduced
to such distress.
86. In a few days, Mr. Johnson began
to grow better; but it was not expected
that Enua would live. The thought of

losing this sweet, kind hearted little child,
was very painful to the whole family; for
now, when so sick, she seemed more en-
deared to them than ever. She was
very patient, and took such medicines as
were given her, without making the least
87. The next week, a constable was
sent to take the furniture from the house.
Charlotte, the youngest child, was, at
this time, a babe of four months old, and
Henry, a smart little fellow, of two years
and a half.
88. Among other things, the baby's
cradle, that all the children, one after an
other, had been rocked in, was taken
away. Mr. Jolmson had become so well
as to engage in trying to arrange his af-
fairs, in some degree, and was gone from
home, when the furniture was removed.
89. Mrs. Johnson's situation, as may
well be supposed, was one which must
severely affect the feelings of a tender
mother and wife. Though her fortitude
and patience were great, her mind was
I weighed down with trouble as she looked

about the empty house, and thought of
her children.
90. She went to her own room, and
Julia saw her put a handkerchief to her
eyes, as she passed through the door.
She remained there till the children ran
to tell her their father was coming. A
man whom he had seen by the way, had
informed him what was done at the
91. Mrs. Johnson met him at the door,
with the sweetest smile, and said, my
dear, I am very glad to see you; but you
appear quite fatigued and unhappy "
"Best ofwomen," said he, how can I
be happy, while I see you and our dear
children in your present situation ?"
92. O, my dear husband," said she,
" it does not become us to be depressed.
We must not forget that there is a high-
er Wisdom than ours, which governs all
events. Instead of repining, let us be
thankful for the blessings we enjoy. I
have some very good news to tell you.
Our dear Emma is much better, and we
think will soon be well."

93. My precious wife," said he I
am indeed thankful that our child is pre-
served; but I must painfully feel the
destitute condition in which you are
placed. Instead of kindly cheering others,
you have great need of comfort."
94. Let us drop that subject, my
dear," said she: our happiness depends
on something better than the walls of this
house, or the tables and chairs it may
contain. If we are blest with health, our
own industry will provide for our wants."
95. George and William said they
could work, and help their parents. All
the children seemed to catch the spirit,
and wanted to do something to relieve
the difficulty. Even little Henry, though
too young to know what the matter was,
got the idea, that assistance was needed,
in some way or other, and said he could
help them pare apples to make pies.
96. There is nothing on earth like the
tender and refined attachment between
a mother and daughter, when they both
possess good sense, and affectionate
hearts. This attachment, far from being

weakened, is often much increased, by
severe afflictions, which tend to ripen the
mind, as the changes of weather serve to
mellow the choicest of fruits.
97. It is the nature of most created
beings to love and seek their own kind.
" As, in water, face answereth to face,
so is the heart of man to man;" and,
though people, in the decline of life, may
be surrounded by good neighbours, they
feel the need of more endearing ties.
98. The excellent Mrs. Roberts found
her situation very lonely, after the death
of her husband. Mrs. Johnson was all
to her: all that she now had in this
world, to any great degree, to enjoy, or
to hope.
99. When she heard that this beloved
daughter was in deep trouble, she desired
still more to be with her; and it was the
strong wish of both, that some way might
be provided for them to pass their re-
maining days together.
100. Mr. Johnson's disappointments
continued to increase. Some, who had
pretended to be his friends, and for whom

he had done much, turned against him,
when they found he was in trouble.
101. These base people did not appear
to thank him, or give credit for all he
had done; but now, because he had
failed of success, were ready to say, he
was neither sensible nor honest. Instead
of coming to him with their smiles and
bows, as they used to do, they kept at a
102. Among all the evils which atten-
ded Mr. Johnson in his bad fortune, he
had this one advantage: No deceivers
hung around him with false professions
of esteem; and he learned, much better
than he knew before, who were his real
friends. A few of these excellent persons
remained firm in their respect for this
worthy man, and defended his character
when he was slandered by wicked and
low minded people.
103. Among the evils which happened
to this family during their troubles, some
pleasant events also took place. One, in
particular, deserves to be mentioned, as
an instance of gratitude. Mr. Sherman,

a plain good farmer, lived about five
miles from Mr. Johnson's.
104. This man and his wife, came in
a waggon the next day after the fur-
niture was taken. They saw Mrs. John-
son; but her husband had gone with the
sheriff, to attend to some urgent business.
105. Mrs. Sherman said they had
come to let Mrs. Johnson know how sor-
ry they were that the factory had stop-
ped; and they should be glad to show
their friendship for the family, by any
means in their power.
106. Mrs. Johnson said she felt very
grateful for their kindness; but hoped
such arrangements would be made, as,
with proper industry, would enable the
family to supply their wants; and she
should be unwilling to trouble those who
had never received any favour from her,
and whom she had no means of repaying.
107. "0," said the good woman, "1we
owe every thing to your father and mo-
ther. When we were just married, and
beginning the world for ourselves, poor
and destitute, they advised and helped us

in the kindest manner, or we could not
have got along as we did."
108. "Now," said Mrs. Sherman, we
have a good farm, all paid for, we can-
not see you in want of friends, and true
friends too; and so we came to see if
you will accept the offer of such assist-
ance as we can afford."-" Here are fif-
ty dollars," said Mr. Sherman; if you
don't like to take it as a free gift, you
may pay it to me when you can, as well
as not."
109. Mrs. Johnson did not intend at
first to take the fifty dollars; but the good
man and his wife were both so affected
that they shed tears; and she saw theii
feelings would be hurt if she refused.
They said, "we do not pretend to be very
fine people; but when others do us fak
vours, we don't mean to forget them."
110. It was some time before Emma
became entirely well. She was such a
lovely little girl, that the family had
been much distressed at her sickness,
and were rejoiced to see her pleasant and
lively at play, as before.

I11. It was Mr. Johnson's happiness
to have one man who was like a brother
to him. This was Capt. Ezra Warner.
This gentleman had never been much
heard of in public life; but very few, in
the same circle of acquaintance, pos-
sessed so much private worth.
112. He had not the means of going
through a course of studies at a college,
and was not a very great scholar; but, by
diligent attention, at common schools,
and otherwise, obtained a better educa-
tion than many who have much more
done for them, but do very little for
113. Capt. Warner was not readily
mclined to change his opinions, or his
conduct. He would never believe in new
plans, till it plainly appeared to him they
were good. He wore his hair long, and
wound with a ribband, in a cue, down
his back, because his father, and others
in the war of the revolution, had worn
their's in the same way, when he was a
114. He was strongly attached to the

good of the country, and particulaly to
he state in which he live It was his
firm opinion, tht tht all things consideod
his own state, as he used to call it, was
the best in the union; but he hoped that,
whatever good things the people of that
state might do besides, they would nevex
neglect the catching of whales in the
South sea, and of codfish on the banks
of Newfoundland, because this business
had done very much to aid the, United
115. Among his neighbors,Capt.Wa-
ner was honest, noble minded, and a
strict lover of truth never known to de-
ceive, by pretending to be a friend, with-
out meaang what he said.
116. When Mr. ohnson's furniture and
other property was taken away, this man
came with his two eons, driving a cow,
and with a load of hay on a cart. He
said he wanted Mr. Johnson's family to
fodder his cow, and have her milked du-
ring the winter, to save him the trouble.
117. When any of Mrs. Johnson's
friends came to see her, she appeared

cheerful, and received them as if nothing
unpleasant had happened. She set be-
fore them the best she had to offer, and
made neither complaint, nor useless
apology. Persons Of good sense admired
her intelligent mind, and the manner in
which she conducted the affairs of the
house, in the circumstances in which she
was placed.
118. There was but one thing-vhich
seemed to disturb her feelings, so as to
have it plainly perceived. That was
the ill will of some designig persons
in slandering her husband, by hinting
that he had done wrong, instead of say-
ing, what was the truth, that his bad for-
tune was such, as no one could foresee
or avoid.
119. She considered the loss of pro-
perty as sometimes severe, especially to
such as are sick, or unable to take care
of themselves; but not, by any means,
the greatest evil of life. What would our
sufferings be, she said one day, to a lady,
if we had tippling, ignorant husbands and
bad children ?


le Sear c for a Na Residenwe.
SThb world has nothing to bestow,
From our own slaves onr joys maust Bow,
And that dr hut our home."
120. As the spring approached, Mr.
Johnson began to reflect, that there was
no prospect of his succeeding to his mind
in that place, and that he must prepare
to move out of the state. He conversed
with his wife, and had the satisfaction to
find, that her opinions agreed with his
121. He also consulted his friend,
Capt. Warner, who, though opposed to
the project at first, began to be more fa-
vorably inclined. After reflecting a while,
and talking with other neighbors, Cap
tain Warner learned that he could sell
his own farm, which was small, for a very
good price; and the thought came into
his head, that if he could suit himself in

the new country, it would be better for
his family, than to remain where he
122. It seemed like a fearful under-
taking for Mrs. Johnson; but she was
perfectly willing to make the attempt.
She said to her husband, it will require
a very great exertion, my dear, in our
situation, to remove our family into the
woods, and get through the hardships of
the first year; and especially for our
mother, at her advanced age; but, if we
should be enabled to accomplish so much,
we should afterwards have a prospect of
a home for ourselves and children.
123. "It is needless, my dear," she
said, to struggle here with difficulties
which we cannot overcome. In an old
settled place, like this, it is very hard
for a man, when he gets down, to rise
aain, while so many are striving against
124. Mr. Johnson was much pleased
to find that his wife had so much forti-
tude on this subject. After consulting
again with Capt. Warner, it was finally

agreed that they two would take a joum-
ney together, to the western states; add
if they liked the country as well as they
expected, to move their families some-
where beyond the AJlegany mountains.
125. They took care to have their
families placed as well as they could, du-
ring their absence; and, after a few days
spent in getting ready, they set out to-
gether, in Capt. Warner's one horse
126. Capt. Warner, had a small pro-
rty, but not sufficient to enable him to
layout a very great expense; and Mr.
Johnson was, at this time, very destitute.
For these men, it would be too expensive
to buy their meals at a tavern: so they
laid in a small stock of provisions, to
start with, intending, when these were
gone, to purchase more at the wholesale
127. They had a ham and loin of veal;
two boiled chickens; and three beef's
tongues, with two loaves of bread, and a
bag of hard biscuit. They started with
a bushel and a half of oats, for their

horse. Thus equipped, they set out on
this journey, early in ApriL .-
S128. A these -two friends pursued
-their journey, they talked over many ci
cumstanes, respecting the changes of
human life, the difference between old and
-new settlements, and the various sorts of
people, who compose the great family of
129.. They spoke of the hardships en-
dured by the first white persons who
settled at Jamestown, and Plymouth, and
the very different appearance .of this
country now, from what it was two
hundred. years ago
S130. Yes," said Capt. Warner, "very
different hfm what it was, when indepen-
dence was declared. Then, the noisiest
did not rush forward, to obtain office for
private gain. Those were chosen who
could beat fulfil the trust; and, when
elected, they proceeded as in their con-
sciences they thought best for the public.
They wanted no jockies in the lobbies,
to talk of turnpikes, and bank stock, and
tell them how to cheat honest men."


131. Mr. Johnson and Capt-Wrner
generally walked up hill, in order to
relieve their horse, as much as pos-
sible, from the fatigue of the wearisome
132. They directed their course weet-
ward, into the state of New York, and
p the Mohawk river, towards lake
133. As they came near the falls of
Niagara, and headed the vast torrent,
sounding louder and louder, as they ad-
vanced, they called to mind the descrip-
tions, given by different writers, of this
stupendous cataract.
134. When they saw the waters of a
thousand rivers, falling in one collected
flood, from the height of a lofty steeple
into the boiling chasm below, and the
rising mist forming rainbows aud clouds
in the air, they stood amazed at the
scene, and almost ready to believe that
the earth would be jarred from its place.
135. In silence and wonder, theyview-
ed a scene which has nothing like it on
earth. At such a time, the pride of znsm

is hunbled. With mingled hope and
fear, he owns that Power who rules the
" fountains of the great deep:" by whose
will nations live or die ; who commands,
and worlds stand forth in their places, or
sink, to rise no more.
136. The two travellers stayed all
night at a tavern in the village; but
found it difficult to sleep, on account of
the terrible roaring of the 1fals.
137. From this place they directed
their course south-west, along the shore
of lake Erie, till they came to the state
of Ohio. They continued their way,
through various places, making fre-
quent inquiry resecttng the price of wild
land, and whether those who wished
to sell farms, had good title deeds:
such as could be depended on according
to law.
138. They understood, that some land
speculators had sold farms, and taken
pay for them, when this same land be-
longed to other owners. The buyers,
after great disputes and lawsuits, were
forced to leave these lands, and lose

what they had paid ; because they did
not get their deeds from the right men,
139. At a log tavern, where they stay-
ed over night, they met a number of per-
sons who were much engaged in di-
coursing upon the quality of land, in dif-
ferent parts of the western country; and,
among other places, they mentioned, very
particularly, the town of Jefferson, in the
state of Ohio.
140. This place had very few settlers
in it at atat tim; t tim; but it was remarka-
ble for its situation, and the uncommon
goodness of the soil. The rocks under
ground were chiefly lime, and the timber
a handsome growth of sugar maple,
beech, oak, elm, birch, walnut, butternut,
and wild cherry.
141. Besides these, there were various
other kinds, in less proportions. This
land, it was stated, could be bought at a
cheap rate; the title was without dispute;
and, by paying a trifling part down, the
settlers, if they had not cash to spare,
could 'have time to pay the remainder,
whe, they could raise something to sell

Wd gei~tiT*, ,hli they could hardly fal
to&ion ian slnrtthe, t, was said, unless
tlbsJ.'yore TOryJq4T I I '
-1-a14W The. chjif pArt, of *the qvowng
wAs takewip.in speakingjof thl advyr-
tfgeo4aop.c4~O extretmelyfinvitipg,for
thoqe: whv wished to, -ettle iin h paw
quptty ,.One,of the.mowAqa9 Agr
galin desrbing this delightf( ltown
that he said it seemed to hinmy s ,
Uke the garden of Eden, as any pltee in
th i;asuer forest could well bo
, J4,6. FinaUy, the man told Mr. Johb-
qou and Capt. Warner, that he owed a
large tract of laxnd there hise]f, ard
that if they wished to buy a part of it he
would let them have it at great bar-
144. The land was but a few nwles off;
and after considering the matter, it was
concluded, in the morning, to leaye the
one horse wagon at the public house
where they were, and go, on horse-back,
through the woods, for the strangers to
t.ke a look at the place.
145. Mrs. Johnson continued, in the

absence of her husband, to exert herself
to promote the comfort of her honored
mother, and advance the children in their
learning. Her task was a very severe
one; but the dutiful conduct of her chil-
dren, made the situation in which she
was placed, much more pleasant than it
would otherwise have been.
146. She had two letters from Mr.
Johnson, written from different places
where they stopped, and giving an ac-
count of the circumstances which had at-
tended them on the way.
147. In about seven weeks after Mr.
Johnson left his family, they received a
letter from him, dated at Jefferson, in the
state of Ohio. It was brought by an old
acquaintance, who had been to Jefferson,
and had heard Mr. Johnson and Capt.
Warner talk over their plans in a par-
ticular manner. This letter informed
them of the following very important
148. Hle was in good health, and had
bargained for a hundred acres of wild
land, in a part of the state which, it was

thought, would be cleared and settled
very fast. He expected to move his
family as soon as the suitable prepara-
tions could be made.
149. The farm was well watered : the
soil appeared to be the very first rate, and
'was thought, by good judges, to equal
the flats on the borders of Connecticut
river. Indeed, there seemed very little
reason to doubt that, when the woods
were cleared off, they should raise as
large crops of wheat, Indian corn, and
other gram, as could well grow upon the
150. Capt. Warner, and others also,
wrote letters to their friends, in New
England. These men were even more
confident than Mr. Johnson. In some
openings in the woods, where trees were
not thick, the ground, in its natural state,
was covered with beautiful white clover,
and they found thistles of monstrous size,
which are a sign of good land.
151. There was no mill within eight
miles, but plenty of streams of the best
kind, to erect every sort of water ma-

chines, where they were wanted. As to
roads, the people were talking of cutting
a number, in various directions, so that
m a few years, they expected to have
pretty good travelling through the dif-
ferent parts of the town, and the settle-
ments near it.
152. The farm which Mr. Johnson
had purchased, was bound on the south
by one of the handsomest rivers in.the
state. On the east side, a brook of con-
siderable size, ran down and emptied
into the larger stream. On this brook
was a very suitable fall for building a
saw mill, and where a strong dam could
easily be made.
153. Mr. Johnson had some hopes of
being able to erect a saw mill; and
thought that, perhaps, in three years,
George, if he should live and do well,
would be able to tend it.
154. He was anxious to provide suita-
ble business for all his children; because
he and Mrs. Johnson both thought, that,
there is hardly any thing norse for
voung persons, than to bring them up m

idleness. If people do not follow any
kind of business for the sake of profit,
they used to say, employment is neces-
sary to health, and the solid enjoyments
of life.
155. Mr. Johnson had made a begin-
nmg in clearing his farm, which was all
woods. He had marked out a piece,
twenty four rods long, and twenty rods
wide, making just three acres.
156. He intended, during the summer,
to clear these three acres, and put up a
small log house, so as to move his family,
in- the month of September or October.
He had hired a man to assist him in his
work, and it was thought that they could
girdle the trees on five acres more.
157. In order to carry on this labor,
they had bmit a cabin, with stakes and
green poles, covered over with bark, to
make it snug and tight, for keeping off
the rain. Several bundles of straw were
spread on the ground, in this cabin, for
Mr. Johnson and his hired man to
sleep on.
158. They cooked their own food, a

a fire made against the side of a rock,
where they paced two crotched stakes,
with a pole laid across, to hang on the
dinner pot. Their travel was a hicory
withe, and they cut a pot-hook from the
limb of a tree.
159. The style of living, in such a
place, was very different from what it is
among fashionable people, in cities and
large towns; but it was necessary for
them to get along as well as they could.
The object was to obtain a home, if it
was a humble one, and attended with
some difficulties.
160. The furniture of these new set-
tlers, though not very costly, was such
as answered their purposes for the time.
It consisted chiefly of a knife, fork, and
spoon, for each person; two trenchers,
and a large wooden platter. For a ta-
ble, they had a stump, of proper size, cut
off level and smooth at the top.
161. Their seats were benches, made
of split logs, bored with auger holes, and
legs put to them. When they had
worked hard from morning till noon,

they found the boiled dinner, from their
stump table, tasted very well. As they
kept a gun loaded, they sometimes killed
wild game of different kinds, and had
fresh meat.
162. Mr. Johnson wrote that he felt
rather lonesome, without his wife and
children; for he never had been away
from them long at a time before; but he
hoped the period was not far distant,
when he should he able to have them
with him. He felt anxious, for fear they
were not well, or their situation not com-
fortable; but wished them by no means
to make themselves uneasy about him.
163. He requested Mrs. Johnson to
assure her honoured mother, that it
would be his pleasure to do every thing
in his power to render her happy, and he
hoped the choicest blessings might at-
tend the evening of her hlfe.
164. Mr. Johnson's greatest fear was
respecting his wife, whom he now loved
more tenderly than ever. le thought
that, in this new settlement, she would
[have to endure uncommon hardships, and

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be deprived of many comforts, which she
had been accustomed to enjoy.
165. On the other band, it appeared
to him, that, if they could succeed
ting well settled in Ohio, though4ey
should be subject to many privations at
first, there was reason to hope that, in a
short time, they might have a farm and
homne of.their own.
ji t6.;He. Aboght, too, that this would
be better.x ith ir children, and they
wnuld, .momIjikle, y to: lo, well for
thmWselve@ IjHjwrote y wsesikly, and
fpeli ngly ,y 1 o lhospboctp. all
1* 7. tl this elegant Jetter,,M r., Jon-
son enclosaea very hbd4osme. uplof
his fanas a- had lJes ed: the art of
surveCj g whln he was a lad at school,
This mQ, seed, as a picture, to give a
much better idea of the different parts
than iq.j had only described them. It
answeralbe same purpose as maps of
countries tr tbhi was to exhibit-a si-
gle farm, ad of a wholo kingdom or
168. Children who have ever received

a letter from one of the best of fathers,
when he was more than five hundred
miles from them, may form some idea
what were the feelings at Mr. Johnson's,
whe#his letter was produced.
169. Mrs. Johnson called the children
around her, to make them understand
how thankful they ought to be, for having
so good a father. She told them that
he was away there in the woods, with
nothing, but a little straw spread on the
ground, to sleep on, and suffering, for
want of the common necessaries of life;
and it was all to provide a home for them.
170. She hoped they might all be
spared to get to get to the farm, and become a
great comfort and honor to their con-
nections, by always conducting in such
a manner, as to deserve the esteem of
the wise and good.
171. Among all this little circle, no
one seemed more deeply interested in
the letter than the excellent Mrs. toberts.
She now found that,at her time f life, she
must either move hundreds of uiles from
where she had ever been, or be separa ed

from her children, with but little pros-
pect of seeing them again in this world.
172. She could not think of pln
with her daughter; but said, as of
old said to her dearest friend, re
thou goest, I will go."
173. Many of the neighbors inquired
whether Mr. Johnson was suited with
the country where he was; and whether
he expected to move his family ? Some
of those who had tried to drive this good
man away, now threw out their slander-
ous hints that his going there was a very
bad scheme, and his calculations were as
wild as the country where he had gone.
174. A short time after Mr. Johnson's
letter was received, the following answer
was sent:

175. My dear Husband,
It would be difficult to give you
a correct account of the scene which
your letter produced in our family. The
interest and affection displayed by the
little group, called up every feehng of
tenderness in my bosom. Emma took

notice of the tears which I could not pre-
vent, and, with the most affectionate
sw ess, wiped them from my cheeks.
You seem anxious, my dear, to
Imn how the children are occupied.
George is doing very well at Mr. Scott's.
William is in school, making fine pro-
gress in his studies; and the younger
children are improving, quite as fast as
could be expected,by their own exertions,
with such instruction as I am able to
give them.
177. No change, of any great import-
ance, has taken place here, since you left
us. We have been favored with our
usual share of health; and, so far, I have
been enabled to get along with less dif-
ficulty than I expected.
178. Since you wish to know particu-
larly how we proceed, I must mention
one circumstance; and, if the sports of
our children seem trifling, their father,
perhaps, may be diverted with them,
when he is sitting in lonely mood, at the
little cabin, resting from his toil.
179. A few mornings ago, our good

has HMArrY rAmLY. ".
mother wanted her staff, to take a walk in
the garden. Search was made, in every
part of the house, without finding it and
there was great wonder where it could be
180. As it could not be found, James
stepped forward, in avery gallant manner,
and said, "Nevermind the cane, grandmo-
ther; I intend to be your staff, as long as
you want one. Lean on my shoulder, if
you please." She was much gratified with
this proof of his kind disposition; but still
the mystery remained, what had become
of the staff
181. At last, it was discovered, to the
great diversion of all, that Henry, being
in want of a horse, to take a morning
ride, had supplied himself with a bark
bridle, and galloped over to Mr. Wil-
son's on his grandmother's cane.
182. We feel very much, my dear, the
want of your company. The children
often ask, when will fathercome home?"
Do not staytoo long in preparing a place;
but allow u the pleasure of assisting in
the work.

183. The boys are eager to show how
much they can help in clearing the land,
and planting fruit trees. They have laid
up a great variety of seeds, and expect
to eat fine melons, of their own raising,
in Ohio, next summer.
184. They are quite delighted with the
thought of piling logs and brush to burn
and tending the large bonfires, in the
evenings. Each one has his plan for
helping to subdue the wilderness, and is
impatient to begin the great work.
185. Do not suppose that we can
not be happy there. I know, my dear
husband, that your goodness leads
you to neglect your own ease, to pro-
mote the comfort of your family; and
sy greatest fear is, that the toil you un-
dergo on our account, may injure your
own health.
186. Hasten to us, my dear, without
spending too much time in preparation,
that we may be able to get removed, as
early in the season as circumstances will
187. Cornelia Warner has written a

letter to her father. She is an uncom-
mon girl for her age.
188. Mother and the children all joi
in love to you, and are anxous for you?
return. The little girls want to know if
they cannot have some kisses sent in
this letter.
Your affectionate wife,

189. After Mr. Johnson got this letter,
he hurried his work as fast as possible,
to put the log-house he was building in
suitable condition for his family to move
190. In order to carry on the business
to better advantage, he and Capt. War-
ner changed work, assisting each other
by turns. In this way they could per-
form the heavy labour to much better
191. The following is the copy of the
last letter which Mr. Johnson wrote,
previous to setting out, on his return to
move the family:

Jeflro. Ste of Ohio,
Jly I 18Itl .
192. My Dear Wife,
Your letter delighted me. The
good conduct of the children fills my
heart with the warmest affection for
193. Their dutiful attention to their
grandmother is, with me, a very import-
ant consideration: unkindness to elderly
people, I consider an evidence of a bad
disposition, and bad principles.
194. I laughed heartily at the story of
Henry's morning ride, and hope the time
may come when he will be able to com-
mand a horse of quite a different descrip
tion. It is my intention, if the boys do
well, to give each of them a colt, to raise
upon the farm.
195. This is not a place for much
news, for people do not go into the
woods to establish a printing office. The
chief which can, at present, be said, is
respecting what is going to be done, and
which, perhaps, some may think will
never take place.

196. The labour required is indeed
great: but, with health, and the ordinary
blessing of Providence, it can be accom-
plished. It is, as our sons may here
learn, by diligence and perseverance that
a beaver gnaws down an oak tree.
197. At any rate, my dear, I must give
you some account of our situation, as it
now is, and of the pros cts which direct-
ly present themselves fore us. Time,
the great teacher, will soon determine
wHether these designs are to be realized
or not.
198. A number of the neighbor are
calculating to join next spring, aniput
up a snug school house; and have told
them, that they may set it at one corner
of our new clearing, in a beautiful grove
of large trees, where there is very little
underbrush, and which the boys at noon
time, may easily cut down and burn. So
our teachers, as well as those of old
Athens, may give instruction in the shade
of a grove.
199. There is, at present, no meeting
house within twelve miles of us; but,

about thirty or forty persons, old and
young, assemble in a barn, which is the
most convenient building we have for the
200. It is three quarters of a mile
from here, and, if there is no regular
preaching, the time is spent in prayer,
and in conversing together of our de-
pendence on Him whose protecting mer-
cy is every where. Frequently some
person reads a sermon from one of the
best divines and this, at the requesttof
our little congregation, I have generally
doe since I came among them.
l. It may seem, my dear Maria, to
the proud votaries of fashion, that this
kind of worship is very humble. It is
so indeed; but, that of the earliest chris-
tians Was not less so; and, if our meet-
ings are not attended with much splen-
dor, it is hoped they have the merit of
being sincere.
202. For myself, I have never been
more sensible of the power of religion,
than when assembled with these few
neighbors, here in the woods. My chief

want, at such times, is to have my dear
family with me.
203. There is something sublimely
affecting, in the contemplation of our
various relations to a Divine Creator,
and to our fellow beings. The social
feelings are improved by this exercise,
and we then most desire the company of
those we most love.
204. Our new mansion, my dear, is in
a considerable state of forwardness. It
will4not afford the means of what people
in general would call style; but will serve,
I believe, to keep off the rain; and u
will readily suppose we shall be .iwo
want of fire wood, whqre we have'tfiber
enough to build ships for all the navies
>f Europe.
205. In a fortnight from this ttme, I
aope to be on my way to join you; so
is to get through with our removal to
ihis place, as early in the season as pos-
sible. Such an undertaking will require
a great effort on your part; but such an
effort as, I trust, you will not again be
called upon to make.

206. Capt. Warner is well, and doing
well in the preparations for the reception
of his family. He desires to be remem-
bered in the kindest manner to you, to
mother, and the children.
207. With devout wishes that your
afflictions may soon be lessened, and
your patient endurance in some degree
rewarded, I am,
Dearest of friends,
Your affectionate husband,
EnwAna JoamiO-.

208. In about a fortnight after this
letter was written, Mr. Johnson and
Capt. Warner set out to return for their
families, to come and take possession of
the snug log houses they had built. They
concluded to return through the state of
Pennsylvania, which is about the same
distance, as the way they went.
209. The first large city they came to,
was Pittsburgh, at the head of the Ohio
river. This place is very remarkable for
the mines of pit-coal, found in all the
hills around it, so that the article costs

W-=M 0

IZnFMMDIYxo =I, po ,

212. The different kinds of beasts,
birds, fishes, reptiles or creeping things,
and insects, are here preserved so as to
look as natural as possible, for visitors to
examine. The skins of the beasts, such
as lions, tigers, and others, are stuffed so
as to appear in the right size and shape.
Snakes and other reptiles, either have
their skins stuffed, or axe preserved in
glass bottles in spirits.
213. There are vast numbers of min-
eral or fossil productions, such as ores
of platina, silver, gold, iron, copper, tin,
zinc, and other metals; specimens of dif-
ferent rocks; various kinds of jewels or
precious stones; and sea shells, and
corals, Indian dresses, ornaments, and
war implements, in astonishing variety.
In one of the rooms they saw the skele-
ton of the mammoth, the largest land
animal which has been known; but of
which none are now living.
214. Mr. Johnson and Capt. Warner,
would have been glad to stay longer in
the difant productions of nature, by the bet ttainadb

this large and pleasant city; but they
were on important business, which must
not be neglected, and were very anxious
to get back to their families, after so
long an absence.
215. From Philadelphia, they passed
up the Delaware river to Trenton, in
New Jersey, and from thence, by way
of Princeton, and New-Brunswick, to
New York.
216. They made a very short stay in
this city, for as they came near their
families, the thought of seeing them
again, rose above every thing else. They
made their way with urgent speed, to
their long left, and much desired homes.
217. It would not be possible to de-
scribe the scene of joy, when they re-
turned and found their families all in very
good health. The sensible Mrs. Roberts,
Mrs. Johnson, and the rest, seemed as
happy as people could well be.
218. It was early in the evening, when
Mr. Johnson came to his house; and, if
some of the little readers who peruse this
book could have been there, at that time,

they would have shed tears of joy, to see
these children, all at once,chnging to their
beloved father, on his return, when he
had been gone all summer from them.

The removal to the westward.
Though long of winds and waves the sport
Condemned in poverty to ram ;
Soon ou shall find a sheltering port,
A quiet home."
219. THOUGH Mr. Johnson's return
was so very welcome to his friends, he
had not come to a place of rest. It was
necessary to prepare, as soon as possible,
for the arduous journey he had now to
220. Much was to be done for this
purpose : and this was rendered far more
Uifcult, from the circumstance, that it
would be attended with expense, which
lhe was but ill able to meet. He still

owed money, and had no present means
of paying. From this cause he met with
some serious trouble, and dreaded more.
221. Mrs. Johnson suffered very much
in her feelings, not knowing but that they
might still be wholly unable to go: and
if they were delayed till late in the fall,
as they inght possibly be, then their
going would be distressing indeed.
222. They had some very good friends,
and, at such a time as this, they needed
them. Among the ladies of Mrs. John-
son's acquaintance, were several who
treated her with more attention and re-
spect, than they had when she was in the
most prosperous situation; and this gen-
erous conduct, at such a time, was very
soothing to her feelings.
223. The good Mr. Sherman and his
wife came a number of times, to sec
them, and manifested great interest in
their welfare; and there was a worthy
man, by the name of Parker, who acted
the part of a very firm and generous
224. Several others were bitterly op

posed to this excellent family, and willing
to do them all them a the harm they could;
without seeming to know or care why
they did so.
225. There is a mean spirit in some
persons, which makes them wish to do
hurt to any of those who meet with ill-
fortune, and to slander all who have been
slandered before. These persons were
enemies to Mr. Johnson, not because he
had injured them, but because they had
injured him.
226. Under these mingled circum-
stances, pleasing and vexatious, the fam-
ily made arrangements, as fast as possi-
ble, for the great undertaking before them.
If they met with ill treatment, they made
it their rule to pass on and not mind it;
but took care to remember those who
did them favours.
227. Numerous objects pressed upon
their attention, as the time of moving
approached. They frequently consulted
with Capt. Warner, upon the plans
which it would be proper to adopt.
228. Many things, much wanted for

such a journey, they were obliged to do
without, because they were not able to
purchase them, having barely the means
for buying those articles which. were
most urgently needed ; for, though they
had friends who sincerely wished them
well, and felt concerned for them; yet
these friends had not' cash to spare, as
they had large families of their own to
provide for
229. Difficult as this moving was, it
was necessary to be performed. They
expected to be a whole month on the
road; such a journey would be quite ex-
pensive, and they were by no means well
prepared. The children knew but little
about the trouble of mind which their
parents endured.
230. They were delighted at- the
thought of going to a new country, and
promised themselves great pleasure, in
the various scenes they were expecting
to witness. They appeared to think
that the weather would be fair, and the
travelling, all the way, quite pleasant;
but the older persons expected that

storms would come, and some part of
the road would be very muddy and
231. Mr. Johnson and Capt. Warner,
had each a wagon prepared, covered
with painted cloth, thick with oil, and
supported by green walnut 'oop poles,
bent over the top,in bows, so as to form
a suitable arch to keep off the rain. Mr.
Johnson's family were chiefly anxious to
provide, as f as fa a they could, fr the
comfort of the good old lady their
honored mother.
232. Mrs. Johnson, in the worst of
times, had found the means of doing
good to others ; and that afforded her a
pleasure which she was fitted in a high
degree to enjoy. One circumstance of
this kind, which engaged her attention,
was the situation of three children, who
lived near her, two little girls, and their
younger brother, only four years old.
233. These children had lost their
mother; they were not very well taken
care of, and Mrs. Johnson pitied them
so much, that she used to go and see

them; and frequently had them come to
her house, that she might give them good
advice, and assist in their learning
234. Julia also used to teach them,
according to the directions which her
mother gave. The oldest of these chil-
dren named Jane, was an uncommonly
sensible little girl, for her age, and talked
remarkably well about the conduct which
children ought to practise.
235. She was, at this time, about
seven years old; she used to do what
she could to assist her sister and bro-
ther, and set them an example in good
behavior. They were all three very af-
fectionate to each other; and such a
lady as Mrs. Johnson, could not fail to
have the kindest regard for them.
236. In a little time, they grew so
fond of her, that they could hardly have
loved her better, if she had been their
own mother. She used to call them her
little pets.
237. They loved, very dearly loved,
to stand or sit by her, and listen, and
watch her pleasant smiles, while she

talked with them about a thousand things
which they wanted to hear, and that
children ought to have such a sensible
woman to tell them.
238. As the time of moving drew near,
the hurry of preparation increased. The
weather, though warm, was very fine,
and the family got along better than they
expected. The day and evening before
they were to start, was chiefly occupied
in packing and arranging the things, they
were to carry.
239. These articles, indeed, were but
few, for two reasons : one was, that, at
this time, they ad- but little; and the
other, that it would have been too ex-
esive to transport much to such a
240. Many neighbors and acquaint-
ances, called during the day, to bid them
farewell, not knowing when they should
see them again; and among others, Mr.
Sherman and his wife were there, the
chief part of the afternoon, and lent them
all the assistance they could, in the pre-

241 Mrs. Johnson was much affected,
at parting with some of the ladies, those
whom she had known, from the time of
her childhood, and who had been steady
generous friends; but she had made up
her mind to meet, in as resolute a man-
ner as she could, whatever might take
242. The children, too, had an inter-
esting time in bidding farewell to a num-
ber that they loved very much, and whom
they did not expect, for a long time, to
see again.
243. Capt. Warner was to start, very
early in the morning, with his family,
coming by way of Mr. Johnson's, and
then they were all to go on together.
244. The morning came ;the break-
fast was over; and Capt- Warner's
wagon, was seen coming at a distance.
Many neighbors were present, and the
moment of departure was nearly ar-
245. The three pets were seen coming,
on the run, the two girls leading their
little brother by the hands. Mrs. John-

son, was much agitated on seeing them,
and the tears dropped, in quick succes-
sion, down her cheeks.
246. As they came up, Jane, the oldest
one, said, in a sweet voice of affection
and grief, You are all the mother we
have; and you are gong away !" "Yes,
my dear;" said Mrs. Johnson. "Shall
you come back next year ?" I don't
know my child."
247. ," said Jane, you'll never
come," and the children cried, as if their
little hearts would break. The company
were much affected. Mrs. Johnson
pressed the children to her bosom, for
some time, without speaking.
248. At last she said, while the tears
were streaming down her cheeks, Dear
little innocents Try to do well, and the
good people will love you; and I hope
that God will bless you, and guard you
from danger, and give you wisdom from
above, and bless you for ever, where
there is no trouble, and children are not
parted from their friends."
249. Some ladies stepped forward,

and said that they would see that these
little orphans were kindly attended to:
and the worthy family, fondly recalling
the past, and bidding an unwilling fare-
well to their friends, started for their far
distant homes.
250. It was a delightful morning, and
the children were in high glee when they
had got along a little distance on the
way. The roads were somewhat dry
and dusty; but that was a trifle which
they did not regard.
251. Capt. Warner had been about
four years a widower, and his main de-
pendence for keeping his house, was on
his oldest daughter, now about tfteen.
She was naturally a very lively, nterest-
ing girl, and much attached to her friends,
but was possessed of very good sense :
and seeing the situation in which her
much respected father and the family
were placed, determined to do every thing
in her power for their credit and com-
252. Though she was obliged to deny
herself many of the enjoyments which at

her age, would have been very delightful.
yet she conformed, with the utmost
cheerfulness, to what seemed to be her
duty, situated as she was.
253. The kind and skilful manner, in
which she took care of the younger chil-
dren, and managed the affairs of the
house, drew forth the admiration of those
who know, truly, how to judge what it
is that makes one girl better than an
254. She did not neglect her learning;
but drew the best books from the town
library, and improved herself, at such
times of leisure as she could get. Mrs.
Johnson, had the highest esteem for this
young lady: for so she ought to be called;
and it was one of the pleasant circum-
stances now, that Cornelia Warner could
be almost constantly near such a friend.
255. Capt. Warner's other children
were Samuel, Eunice, Benjamin, and
Susan. They were not very remarkable
in their character, any way. They made
it their aim, to conduct themselves well,
and commonly did so, but had not always

honor and judgment enough to keep out
of mischief when they were not watched.
265. The excellent Mrs. Roberts, was
at first much dejected, and needed the in-
fluence of her daughter, to soothe her
mind, under the numerous reflections
which crowded upon it. The most try-
ing part was, that, a few miles from
where they started, they passed through
the delightful village, in which they used
to live, where Mrs. Johnson was born,
and brought up, and where her much
loved father, and her grand parents lay
257. When they stopped, for a little
time, at the place, the people came round
them in a swarm; but the feelings of
these two ladies were so overcome, that
they requested Mr. Johnson to drive on
as soon as possible.
258. They stayed one night on the
way at Springfield, a large flourishing
village on the east side of Connecticut
river. The boys took a short time, du-
ring their stay, to look at the armory, at
this place, a very extensive set of work

shops, and other buildings, belonging to
the government of the United States,
for the manufacture of soldiers' guns.
They had never headed so much noise in
carrying on any kind of business, as is
made by the heavy trip hammers in this
259. They passed over the great
bridge, at this place, in the morning, and
passed along the dusty road, to West-
feld, an other pleasant village, a few
miles beyond which they again put up
for the night. They expected to pass
the next night in one of the towns, upon
the green mountains.
260. In their progress the next day,
winding and climbing, as the road went,
among the high rocky hills, they reflected
that every part of the earth appears to
have its difficulties, and its blessings.
The land here is rough, and the winters
long and cold; but the water is very
ure, and the people enjoy remarkable
261. The ground, though hard to till,
is excellent for pasture, and the people

are able to make large quantities of but-
ter and cheese. Our travellers found
themselves much fatigued when night
came; but, the mountain air was refresh-
ing, and, in the morning, they arose with
the sun, to pursue their destined course.
262. Mr. Johnson and Capt. Warner,
had their wagons so loaded that they
were obliged to walk nearly all the way.
The boys, except Henry, went on foot,
up the hills, and the rest of the way,
would sometimes climb on the wagons
among the goods.
263. James and William, had new
shoes, which were too tight, and their
feet were so blistered that, the second
day, they had to ride all the time. James
was lamed so much, that his mother left
his shoes off, and put bandages around
his feet.
264. Little Charlotte, the baby, could
not go alone very well; for she had only
just begun to tottle about the floor, a
few days before they came away. Some-
times she rode in her mother's lap, and
then, a little while, in her grandmother's.

265. Julia carried her a part of the
way, and the rest of the time they fixed
her a little cushioned seat, and held her
upon it. She wanted to look out and
see every thing, as she passed, and seem-
ed as much engaged about the journey,
as any of the company.
266. The girls got out of the wagons,
and walked a part of the way; because
they got quite tired of sitting so long in
the crowded seats. Mrs. Johnson's task
was a very hard one; for, besides the
unavoidable fatigue of such a journey,
she had great tol and care in attending
to the rest.
267. Mr. Johnson tried, as far as pos-
sible, to relieve her from the trials she
had to endure; but it was not in his
power to make her situation agreeable
as he wished. They had once been very
well off in the world; but were now
quite poor and destitute, and had tc
struggle with great hardships, to get
through this journey.
268. The next day they went down
the western side of the Green mountains,

into the delightful county of Berkshire,
and passing over Housatonic river, they
came to the handsome village of Pitts-
269. Here they had a fine view of the
lofty Saddle-back mountain, situated
about sixteen miles to the north, and
near the college at Williamstown. A
few miles to the west of this village, they
crossed the line into the state of New
270. This was an important event
with the children; for neither of them
had ever been out of the New England
states before. Resting at a pretty good
tavern, for the night, their next day's
progress brought them to Greenbush
ferry, opposite the city of Albany.
271. Crossing the Hudson river in a
ferry boat the next morning, they landed
just below a great number of sloops,
lying at the wharves, and found them-
selves at the seat of government, of the
state of New York.
272. Captain Warner and Mr. John-
son stopped here, for a short time, to

make some inquiries about the markets,
and the boys went to take a look at the
state house, where the men, elected, as-
semble to make laws.
273. Theyalsoviewed the large acade-
my of hewn-stone on the hill; but they
had not time to visit the state arsenal,
half a mile to the north, in which the
guns, swords, drums, and soldiers' clothes
are laid up, for public use, in case there
should be another war.
274. They soon left Albany, and a
little past noon, reached Schenectady, an
other city, fourteen miles farther to the
west. While their horses were feeding
here, they went to see the college build-
ings, situated on a rising ground, where
they make a fine appearance, and afford
an extensive view of the Mohawk river
and surrounding country.
275. From here they pursued their
long road to the west, through Utica and
many other very flourishing villages,
nearly in the same direction in which
the grand canal has since been made.
276. The great object of those two

families now was, if possible, to get to
Jefferson, in the state of Ohio. They
were not going, on a stupid pilgrimage,
to the tomb of a false prophet they
were not going, like tyrants, to rob de-
fenceless people of their rights.
277. Their intention was to seek a
home for themselves, where they might
live by honest means; and, while enjoy-
ing in peace the company of each other,
might, in their humble way, become use-
ful to their fellow beings.
278. As Mr. Johnson's condition in
life was now different from what it had
once been it may be proper to mention
a few particulars which took place with
these people; because some of the same
things may happen to other families, in
moving so many hundred miles.
279. Captain Warner had a snug little
property; but he was not rich. He es-
teemed Mr. Johnson as a friend and
brother. He had gone as far as, in
reason, he could go, to assist him; and
Mr. Johnson himself, was unwilling that
he should do more.

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