Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Half Title
 Title Page
 The wild ass
 The Polar bear
 The cat
 The dog
 The elk
 The fox
 The gun
 The hedgehog
 The ibex
 The jerboa
 The kangaroo
 The lion
 The harvest mouse
 The nautilus
 The opossum
 The peccary
 The quagga
 The rabbit
 The squirrel
 The tiger
 The unicorn
 The viper
 The walrus
 The xiphias
 The yak
 The zebu
 Back Cover

Group Title: Sunday alphabet of animals /
Title: The Sunday alphabet of animals /
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00003137/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Sunday alphabet of animals /
Physical Description: 175 p., <1> leaf of plates : ill. ; 16 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Katie
Cloues, Samuel ( Engraver )
Hyde, J ( Illustrator )
Rudd, Nathaniel ( Engraver )
Geo. C. Rand & Avery ( Printer )
American Tract Society (Boston, Mass.) ( Publisher )
Publisher: American Tract Society
Place of Publication: Boston
Manufacturer: Geo. C. Rand & Avery, Electrotypers and printers
Publication Date: 1861
Copyright Date: 1861
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Glory of God -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Alphabet books -- 1861   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1861   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1861
Genre: Alphabet books   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston
General Note: Added tinted title page, engraved by Rudd after Hyde.
General Note: Illustrations engraved and signed by Cloues after Hyde.
Statement of Responsibility: by Aunt Katie.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00003137
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA4159
notis - ALG1615
oclc - 08382295
alephbibnum - 002221392

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Half Title
        Half Title 1
        Half Title 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The wild ass
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    The Polar bear
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    The cat
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    The dog
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    The elk
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
    The fox
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
    The gun
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
    The hedgehog
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
    The ibex
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
    The jerboa
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    The kangaroo
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
    The lion
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
    The harvest mouse
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
    The nautilus
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
    The opossum
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
    The peccary
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
    The quagga
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    The rabbit
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
    The squirrel
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    The tiger
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
    The unicorn
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
    The viper
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
    The walrus
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
    The xiphias
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
    The yak
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
    The zebu
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
    Back Cover
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
Full Text

T "N


The Baldwin Library



^'^N^^~\^^~\^^~^^^~^^^~Vj^\^.'^V^^V^'^\^.'^^^.'~V^'^'^>^ ^fs^







j gmerian racrt SiTti tg,


Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1861, by
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the District of



IN the following pages, I hope you will find
not only amusement, but instruction. The facts
stated in regard to the different animals you
may rely upon as being true, having been
gathered with great care from the best author-
ities, the names of which it is not necessary to
give here. In almost every instance, too, the
stories are real, true stories.
Perhaps your parents will help you to get
correct ideas of the size of the animals, where
the size is given in feet and inches and also
their weight.
It is always pleasant to learn about the works
of God, for they are perfect, as the works of
man can never be; and if, by reading this little
book, you have any desire strengthened to know
more of God, to find out more of him either in
his works or in the Bible; -and oh, if one little
heart should thus be led to LOVE the good
Being who has so wonderfully made every thing,
more than satisfied,-most grateful and happy
will be

N/W3 q 4


A-ss, 7

B-EAR, 14

C-AT, 25

D-OG, 32

E-LK, 41

F-ox, 48

(G-NU, 56

-Jk-EDGEHOG, ...... 59

I-BEX, 69

k-ERBOA, 76

K-ANGAROO, ...... 81

L-ION,............ 86

Myl--OUSE, 98

I 'A - r i L a ,'

E X.

N--AUTILUS, ...... 104

0-POSSUM, 111


Q-UAGGA, 123

R-ABBIT, 126


T-IGER,.......... 139

U-NICORNY ....... 144

V-IPER, 149

W --ALRUS, ....... 154


Y-AK, 162

Z-EBU, 168


T R W AI D i.

ROBABLY my little readers would
hardly recognize this picture of
so frolicsome an animal as an ass.
You think of the ass as a clumsy-looking
creature and very stupid; but perhaps
if it was always kindly treated it would
seem far less stupid, for it has, many
good traits. It carries enormous loads,
and is gentle, patient, and very sure-




usually of an ash color, with a darker
streak along its backbone, and another
across its shoulders.
This is the Wild Ass, taller and much
handsomer than the common one, such
as lives in the deserts and mountainous
countries of the East. Its braying,
which is very disagreeable, is said to be
almost the only voice to be heard in the
wilderness. It lives where no other
< animal can live, eating very little and
( very coarse food, such as dried herbs
< and grass, and drinking even salt water.
It will go for ten days without drinking
I at all, if necessary. Indeed, it is said
( that one species is never known to
t drink, and lives in places where no
t water can be found. Its scent is so
acute, however, that it can discover
water at a great distance.
I suppose John the Baptist may have
been thinking of the solitary braying
of the wild ass, when he said, I am
the voice of one crying in the wilder- o-


ness," because his was the only voice to
be heard then, proclaiming the coming
of the Saviour to this wilderness world.
Wild asses go in herds or troops, as
do wild horses, always having one for a
leader. They are very shy, and so swift
that one of the ancient poets speaks of
them as having feet like the whirl-
wind." The only method of catching
them is to chase them with a number of
horses, when one is tired taking another,
and then another, and so on until the
ass is too weary to go any farther. It
is said by some that they can never be (
tamed. None has ever been brought (
alive to Europe.
Its coat in winter is softer and more (
silky than that of the horse, so that it (
seeks a warm country for its home.
Its hoofs are made into rings by
the peasants of Arabia, which are
worn on their thumbs, or under their
arms, to keep away rheumatism, as they
() ^y11


When the Bible speaks of a land as
the dwelling of wild asses, it means
that it is very unfruitful and desolate,
so that no one can live there; and a
famine in which even the wild asses are
spoken of as suffering for food and
water is the most dreadful which can be
imagined. When the Bible calls man a
wild ass's colt, it means that he is
rebellious, unsubdued, of no use to any
body, and always having his own way.
Perhaps you have sometimes felt that
you should be very happy if you could
only have your own way, always doing
just as you please; but I think I could
show you, instead of that, that if left to
yourself, you would be the most unhappy
of beings, and to be pitied by every-
body, for nobody would love you, you
would be so selfish and disagreeable;
and nobody would mourn for you when
you were gone, because you had never
tried to make anybody happy, never
done any good.
_ -. m - _.-1- --


Which would you choose to be like,
the wild ass, always having his own (
way, and of no use in the world, or like (
the sometimes despised and ill-treated j
ass, who labors, not for himself, and does (
all the good he can ?

T I T Il P. L A R

HE Polar Bear is a native of the
cold regions about the North Pole,
where man can not often disturb it;
living on the cold icebergs, or on the
frozen edges of the ocean, and digging
its bed in snows which have been
there for ages. Sometimes it is drifted
upon the broken ice to the coast of


Siberia and to the northern coast of
You will wonder, perhaps, how it can
live in such intense cold; but the same
hand that fitted us for this climate, has
made the bear to endure and enjoy the (
cold of its northern home; and as I tell (
you something of it you will see how (
it is thus fitted.
Its color is white. Its neck is thicker
than the head, and twice as long, and
its snout pointed so as to give it rather
a poking look; its ears not large and
rather pointed, its tongue smooth, its (
body and its limbs large and heavy, its
feet five-toed, with strong hooked claws
for digging or for climbing. Its paws
are very large, and covered on the under
side with coarse hair, so that it can
walk easily on the slippery ice. It
treads upon the entire sole of its hind
feet, and is so strong upon them that it
can stand or walk carrying a horse in its
fore paws I Its coat is long, fine, and


woolly, except about the neck, and of
considerable value.
$ It is a strong, rapid diver and swim-
mer. If it were not for this it would
often have to go hungry: for although
it eats berries, fruits, and honey, it finds
very little of such food in those barren
regions, and must live mostly upon
seals, or cubs of the whale, or those
parts of the whale which have been
left by the fishermen who have taken all
they wanted for oil. The Greenlanders
burn the bears' grease for their
lights, so that it is very useful to (
Old navigators tell wonderful stories
of its size and ferocity, many of which
are true. It is a formidable animal, very
savage in its disposition, and having
immense strength. When full grown
its length is more than the hight of
most men, being from six to seven
feet. Capt. Lyon speaks of one which
measured eight feet, seven and a half


inches, and weighed sixteen hundred
As I told you, they are great climbers,
although so large, and in coming down
a tree will seem to use as much
prudence as a little boy, perhaps more,
for boys do sometimes come down
"head first," but a bear, never I He
always turns about and comes down
Most species of the bear sleep during
a part of the winter, but the male of
the Polar bear wanders along the shore
in search of food. The females stay in
their dens till mild weather.
White bears were probably unknown
in Palestine, but the Bible often speaks
of the bear, and one thing is true of all (
species, they are very much attached to (
their young, which are called cubs or (
whelps. The Bible refers to this again (
and again, and it is something which
should make us love the Bible very
much, and study it more and more, that


in all it says of animals, or birds, or
trees, it is always true to the life, so
that although it does not profess to
teach any thing of Natural History, or
Botany, we can learn a great deal about
animals and plants in its study; and
you would be well repaid for a search
for these things yourself.
It is very dangerous to attack the
young of the bear, and many a poor
sailor has had reason to repent his fool-
hardiness in attempting it. The mother
bear will fight for them till she dies;
she will swim after them when carried
away, until wearied out, or killed by
the shot of some sailor; she will grieve
over them and try to raise them up
when wounded, and when she finds
they are dead, it is pitiful to see her sit
by and moan, until forced by hunger to
leave them.
Many years ago, long before you and
I were born, a good old man was going
from Jericho to Bethel. We think


Jericho must have been a pleasant
place, for it was called the city of
palm-trees," and this good man had
been with his teacher to visit the young
men at the college there, and was
returning, when, very suddenly, his
teacher or father," as he called him,
was taken away in a very strange
manner. The prophet had lived a great
many years and God wanted him in (
heaven, so he sent a chariot of fire and (
took him home in that way, without (
Elijah was gone, and Elisha was (
left alone; no, not alone, for God (
was with him, as he had been with (
Elijah; and the young men who had (
stood on the hills of Jericho and seen
their teacher taken away, watclied
Elisha as he smote the waters of the
Jordan with the mantle which Elijah
had left, and the waters parted as they
had for Elijah, and Elisha walked over
on dry ground.


So they knew that he was to take
Elijah's place, and went out as he came
towards them, to meet and welcome
him. He remained at Jericho several
days, and then went to Bethel, where
was another college, or school of theo
prophets," which lie wanted to visit.
As he came near the place, the children
of the city came out to meet him, not to
welcome, but to mock him!
And why should they mock Elisha?
Not because he was poor and meanly
dressed, as I am sorry to say some
children might, for he was not poor.
His father was a rich man.
They had heard of the way in which
the good Elijah, of whom they were
afraid, had been taken up to heaven, so
they said to Elisha, Go up! go up!" 1
after Elijah, and then they would be rid
of him too. Go up, thou bald-head "
In these days it is no disgrace to be
bald-headed, and many young persons
are so; but in the East it was generally


a sign of leprosy, that dreadful disease
which shut a person away from all his
friends; and here, it was intended as an
insult to the old prophet.
Elisha turned and cursed them, and
there came two bears out of the wood
and tore two and forty of them! It was
nothing strange that bears should be
there, for the country was very woody,
and rocky, and lonely enough, but why
should they come out just then? Plainly,
the Lord sent them.
Do you think this was too great a
punishment for mocking the prophet?
He did not call the bears. He only
cursed the children, and the Lord sent
the bears, and he knew better than we
how great the sin was, and what kind of
punishment it deserved.
We do not know how old the children
were. They are called "little children
in one place, and yet when the Bible
says the bears tore them, it only calls
them children." So although there


may have been quite a crowd of little
children with them, those who were
attacked by the bears must have been
old enough to know better than to mock
It seems strange that the children of
Bethel should have been so wicked, for
Bethel had been a sacred place. Jacob,
years before, rested there when he
dreamed that beautiful dream of the
ladder and the angels, and he named it (
Bethel, which means house of God." (
But since his time a golden calf had (
been placed there for the people to (
worship; and they were idolaters, so
that instead of being the "house of
God," it had become Beth-aven," the
"house of idols."
It was a dreadful thing to speak
improperly, or to treat unkindly a
person so old as Elisha. The Bible
teaches us to reverence the aged, and
among the laws of the Israelites was
L this: Thou shalt rise up before the
^ - - - -~22-


hoary head, and honor the face of the
old man;" and we can not be too kind,
nor too careful how we speak and act
before an aged person. But this was
not all the sin of these wicked children.
They were old enough to understand
that Elisha was a prophet of the true
God, and in mocking him they not only
meant to grieve him, but to show that
they did not love, nor fear, nor care for
the God he worshiped, and so the Lord
punished this sin.
God is too great, too good, too holy a
being to be trifled with; and although
very loving and very merciful to those
who love and try to please him, he is
very angry with those who speak
lightly of his holy name.
So you should be careful always to
sit still, and be attentive during prayer,
for then we are talking to God; you
should be quiet in church, never
whispering or laughing, or looking
about, never reading books or papers


during the service, for the church is
God's house,. Remember God sees you
at all times, and I hope he will never
see, even in your hearts, the spirit of
those wicked children who said to his
prophet, Go up, thou bald-head."

j^ - ^ ^ 4- - Ds

T H, 9"G" A T.

OW many dear little pets will be
( called up by the sight of this
little puss who is quietly sipping
her milk! Each pair of eyes that sees
her will bring up some pet kitten,
white, black, brown, maltese, or yellow; 1
and with the greatest variety of names,
Buff, or Smut, or Dingy (who is always


getting into the coal-bin and soiling her
white fur), or Pompey, or Caesar. I
wonder if all your thoughts of Puss,
and your frolics with her are happy
ones I They must be so if you have
been kind and gentle to her, as I hope
you always are. When I see a child
kind to the kitten, and the dog, and the
birds, I always feel he must also be kind
to brothers and sisters, and playmates.
Some time ago, in the great city of
New York, in one of its busy streets,
where every body was walking as if in
such a hurry they could not stop for
any thing, you might have noticed as
people passed a certain tree, that every
body. looked up, as if some strange
sound attracted them, but nobody
stopped. The merchant was too full <
of business, and although the sound
caught his ear, he had only time to
glance upward, and then hurry on as
before. One and another came along,
well-dressed, kind-hearted, but none


could stop, save for a passing, pitying
By-and-by a news-boy came to the
spot, crying at the top of his voice,
"Herald Times Tribune "-
Mew mew" said a little voice
up in the tree.
"Herald -Times screamed the boy.
"Mew -mew" again the voice said,
very piteously.
The boy stopped. Coarse were his
clothes, and his voice was harsh, but he
heard the sound, and looking up into
the tree, what do you think he saw? A
dear little kitten I who had climbed up
and was hanging to one of the limbs,
not knowing how to get herself down
In an instant the boy swung off his
bundle of papers, laying them down at
the foot of the tree. By this time
people's curiosity was excited. "What
can that rough fellow want of that little
kitten?" they thought. "Of course, he
27 V


only wants to tease, or perhaps to kill
her." So quite a crowd of passers-by
stopped to see what would happen.
The boy hurried up the tree. He
reached the limb where poor pussy was
hanging, and you might almost have felt
the stillness as he reached out his hand
- to dash her to the ground. But
no I Loosening the little creature very
gently from the branch, he laid her (
carefully away in his big pocket; and (
then sliding down the tree, handed her (
very tenderly to the little girl who had
been anxiously watching, to see what
was to become of her pet, and without
waiting for even a thank you," from
the delighted child, he snatched his (
bundle of papers, and crying, Herald,
Times, Tribune," hurried away as if
he had done nothing to speak of, and
his voice died away in the distance.
I never saw the boy. I do not know
what his name is, but I know he has a
kind heart, and I will venture to say


he is kind to his mother and to his
brothers and sisters, and one of these
days somebody will hear that he has
become a good and useful man.
What would you have done, had you
been in his place ?
I should like to tell you many things i
about the cat, but you know her so well (
already, that I will speak only of two. (
You have noticed her paws, -how
nicely the claws are all covered with
little cushions of fat; but did you ever
think why they are thus covered ? It
is because she gets her living mostly
by killing rats and mice, and she needs
to walk very softly, so as not to frighten
them away. With her feet thus nicely
cushioned, she can walk and even
jump from a considerable hight without
making any noise.
You put your hand to her mouth, and
she very lovingly puts out her tongue
and licks it all over. You startle,
it is so rough, but do you know why it


was thus made? You have seen the
hostler clean and smooth the horse's
coat with a curry-comb. Well, the
tongue is the cat's curry-comb. with
which she cleans and smooths her
glossy fur; and if you could know the
habits of every creature God has made,
however small, you would find its bones
and limbs all nicely adapted to its
peculiar mode of life. Showing not only
how wise, but how kind is He who thus
provides for the wants of all. Surely,
then, we who want to be like God,
should be kind to every body.
Not long ago I asked some children
why brothers and sisters should love
each other, and they made me many
pleasant answers. One said, "Because
the Bible says we must; another said,
" Because it will please the Saviour;"
and another, "Because it will please our
parents." All very good reasons, were
they not? But one little girl, with her
face beaming with love, said, Because


it is pleasant I ki.ew by her answer,
and by her looks, that she must have
some dear little brother or sister whom
she loved very tenderly, and I thought,
"What a comfort that little girl must be
to her mother, and to all about her."
So if Aunt Katie should ask her little
pets, "Why should we love Jesus?"
I hope some little hearts among them
would say, Because it is pleasant." I
should feel very sure that heart had
itself learned that Jesus is very
precious, and makes the soul truly



f TlE DOG.

HE Dog is another, favorite pet
with the children, especially with
the boys. I knew a little dog
when I was a child, whom we called
Sailor, and although he was not particu-
larly pretty, and I do not remember
that he had any strange traits, yet he
was quite a pet with us all; and we felt
A L 832


more sorry than I can tell when he
wandered off one day and we never
saw him any more.
There are many kinds of dogs, and I
could fill a book much larger than this
with stories of their wonderful doings.
Some have very smooth, short, glossy
fur; some long, and soft, and shaggy,
as the Newfoundland; some long, and (
stiff, and straight; and others woolly (
and curly.
The one you see in this picture is (
a terrier, who catches rats and mice, (
and is of great assistance to hunters. (
Some of them seem to know about as (
much as a child, and will understand
what is said to them almost as well.
The dog is generally very obedient,
and I always love him for that.
You have heard of the dogs of St.
Bernard, who are such a help to
travelers as they pass up the mountains.
The mountains are covered with snow,
and oftentimes the storms come so


suddenly and so severely as to hide the
path entirely. So many a tired traveler
who has lost his way in the driving
snow, has sat down to rest, been
covered with the snow, and would
never have been wakened from his
fearful sleep, but for these kind crea-
tures, who go out, and by smelling
along follow the track of the traveler
and find him.
You have heard, too, of the New-
foundland dogs, those noble creatures
who have saved so many precious lives.
A little boy was once playing with a
little boat he had made, by putting some
sticks into a block of wood for masts,
and some bits of paper for sails, when
he lost his balance, and fell into the
brook. His mother was too far away to
hear his screams, but she missed her
boy, and going out to look for him, saw
dear old Rover tugging up the bank,
with the precious burden in his mouth,
all dripping with water.


He had saved the life of little Jamie,
and they all loved him better than ever
after that. I hope Jamie, too, learned
not to go away from his mother again
without her leave.
The Colly, or shepherd's dog, is a very
fond creature, and a great assistance
to his master. We do not need it
much in this country, but in countries
where they have very large flocks
of sheep, the shepherd would hardly
< know how to get along without his dog.
He will watch the flock if the shepherd
( is called away, and if the lambs wander (
into the wrong pasture, he will follow (
and drive them back, so that the (
shepherd loves his faithful helper almost
as much as a child.
Some fifty years ago, among the
Grampian Hills, in going to look after
the flocks that fed on the mountains, a
shepherd happened to take along one of
his children, a little boy of three years
of age. After going about for some


time without finding the sheep, he
found he must go to a higher point of
land where he could see still farther off.
It was too far and too weary a way for
the little feet at his side, so he left the
child on a level place at the foot of the
hill, telling him not to leave until he
came back, and then, with the dog, he
went on.
He had hardly reached the top, when
a heavy mist came down on the moun-
tain, making it almost as dark as night.
He hurried down to find his child, but
missed the way in the darkness. After
searching for hours in vain, night over-
took him, and when he came out of the
mist, he found he was far down in the
valley, and near his cottage. It was
useless to search any more that night,
and he went home with a heavy heart,
having lost both his child and the
faithful dog who had been his companion
for many, many years.
Early the next morning he set out


with a party of neighbors to look for
the little boy, but the day was spent in
vain. On returning to the cottage at
night, he learned that the dog had been
home during the day, and on receiving
a piece of cake had instantly gone off
For several days the search was con-
tinued, but no tidings of the little lost
boy cheered their hearts; and, returning (
at night, heart-sick and weary, they (
found that the dog had been home each
day for his cake, and then ran off again. (
This seemed so strange that the (
shepherd made up his mind to stay at
home himself, the next day, and see tile
dog. He came as usual for his cake,
and the shepherd followed him as he
went away to see what he did with it.
The dog led the way across the spot
where the child had been left, to a
roaring cataract, some distance beyond.
The rocks on either side were very
steep and rough, but the dog made his


way down over them, and at last turned
into a cave at the bottom. The shep-
herd followed with great difficulty, and
with a trembling heart, as you may
suppose, and what were his feelings, as
he reached the mouth of the cave, to
see the boy of his love sitting quietly
and safely inside, enjoying very much
the cake which his devoted friend had
brought him, while the dog stood by
looking as satisfied and happy as it was (
possible for a dog to look I
The child had wandered to the edge (
of the precipice, and then had either (
rolled or crept down till he reached the (
cave, which the dread of the noisy
waters had probably prevented him
from leaving. Here the dog had found (
him, and afterwards had kept the little (
fellow from starving, by giving him his
own daily allowance, never leaving him
by night or by day, except to go for
food, and then always running at full
speed to and from the cottage.


How much affection and care this
faithful creature showed for his little
charge I I almost fear there are some
little boys and girls who would not have
given up their piece of cake so readily
for a poor hungry child, especially if
they knew they could get no more for
themselves. They might learn a lesson
*of love and self-denial from the noble
dog at the shepherd's cottage.
In Bible times the dog was not
thought so much of as it is now. The
Jews called all people dogs who did (
not belong to them. They considered
themselves the chosen people of God,
and if you or I had lived near them,
they would have called us dogs, because
we were not Jews, or the descendants
of Abraham.
You know the poor woman w.ho came
to Christ for his blessing was told that
it was not meet to give the children's
bread to dogs; and instead of being
angry, and going away thinking she


would not ask any favor of one who
would call her a dog, she very meekly
told the Saviour that was true, but that
the dogs could eat the crumbs which
fell from their master's table. She only
asked for the crumbs; she would be
thankful for even those, and Christ, who
knew all the time what was in the
woman's heart, was so pleased with her
answer that he turned to his disciples
and told them he had not seen any faith
like hers, not even among the Jews;
,and he blessed the woman, and she
went away with a glad heart.
Better be called a dog, as this poor
woman was, whose sins were forgiven,
than to be a proud Jew with no
Saviour I


j HE Elk is a native of the forests
( of Poland, and Sweden, and the
northern part of America, although
it is not quite certain whether the Elk
of Europe and that of America are the
same. Those who study and know
most about animals generally suppose
they are, but in America it is called the


Moose-Deer. In former times it was
found in all the New England States,
but it is now seldom seen, except in
Maine, and is scarce even there.
You have heard much of the grace
and beauty of the deer, but the moose-
deer is not at all attractive. It is the
only species which is not so, and is the
largest of the deer kind, weighing some-
times eleven or twelve hundred pounds.
Its head is large and long, its neck
short, thick, and strong; and why ?
Because it has to support large horns (
which grow from the head to an (
enormous size. They are generally
two or three, and often four or five
feet long, and sometimes weigh sixty
The males cast their horns every
November, and they grow out again in
the Spring. In walking, the elk throws
its nose up so as to lay the horns back
on its neck to keep them from getting
fast in the branches of the trees.


On account of the shortness of its
neck and the length of its limbs, too,
it dwells mostly in hilly and woody
countries, where it can graze upon the
hillside, or can feed upon the tops of
low shrubs, or the twigs from the lower
branches of the trees, without stooping.
For this purpose its lips are made long
and limber, so that it can easily draw
its food into its mouth.
Its ears are large and open, so that it
can hear very quickly, and on this
account it is very difficult for the
huntsman to take it. The rustling of
a leaf, the crackling of a twig will
frighten it, and away it runs very
It is very awkward in its movements,
not galloping like the horse, but running
with great strides, and for a long time,
without weariness. Its hoofs are broad,
and split, as we should say, in the
middle, quite high, so as to open as
they press the ground, making good


snow-shoes. When the foot is raised,
the hoof springs together again, making
a loud noise which can be heard for a
long distance.
Its legs are said by some to be
without joints, but this is not so. They
are very stiff, to be sure, and this helps
it to travel on the ice swiftly, without
slipping. The hunting of the elk is
tiresome, and oftentimes dangerous, but
it is so useful an animal that the suc-
cessful hunter feels quite repaid for all
his toil in the chase.
Its eyes are small, its body strong
and short, its hair long and coarse,
black at the ends, gray in the middle,
and white at the roots. Its tail is quite (
short, and below its throat hang two (
dew-laps of loose skin; called so (
because, as the animal feeds, they lap
or lick the dew.
The moose-deer of America is fond
of the water, and is a good swimmer.
In summer, it often remains day and


night in the swamps, almost covered
with water, to escape the mosquitoes
which torment it. It is shy and timid,
but when taken young is easily tamed,
and becomes very much attached to its
The Indians would hardly know how
to live without the elk. Its flesh, which
tastes much like our beef, they like
better than any other meat. Of its
skin they make a soft nice leather,
which they use for moccasins. They
cover their tents with it. also make
their belts, and indeed, all their clothing
of it, and of the horns they make ladles
and other useful articles.
So you see, although the Indian has
not the conveniences which we have, a
kind Father provides for his wants.
One animal furnishes him with food,
shelter, clothing, and cooking utensils;
the plants about him furnish his
medicines; the trees of the forest his
little canoe, and the flinty rock the

arrow-heads with which he kills his
How good God is thus to make every
thing for the use of man, and how wise
in making each animal, however small,
so perfectly adapted to its mode of life
and its home. If you could study the
history of any creature he has made, (
even the smallest insect that lives, you (
would find it supplied with every thing (
it needs to make it happy in its way of (
living; and has he forgotten to do as (
much for us ?
I need not tell you; for when you look
at your own body, so wonderfully made; (
when you look around at this beautiful (
world which he has made for our home;
when you feel in your heart a longing
for the good, and know that he has
provided a home where that heart shall
be satisfied, shall never do wrong nor
grow sad; more and better than all,
when you open the Bible and read of
the beloved Son whom he sent into the


world to die for you, that you might be
fitted, by having your sins all forgiven,
for that sinless home, -I'm sure you
will feel and say in your heart, God is
good to me, and I mean to do all I can
to show how thankful I am."



sure, says some little boy, as he
glances at this picture. It is not
much like the one I saw when I went
with papa and Uncle James.
Very true, my little fellow, very true.
This is not like the fox you saw in the
show of wild beasts. This is what I


shall call the Bible fox, because it is
generally called so in the good Book;
although, nowadays, it is called the
But you were expecting to hear
about the fox, so I will not disappoint
you, but will tell you some things which
I think you will be glad to know about (
the common fox. It has always been (
famous for its cunning and mischief, (
and I presume you have already heard (
many stories and fables about Reynard, (
as he is generally called.
He keeps by himself very much, and (
shows great cunning and contrivance in (
digging his own den, generally making
it under hard ground, or under the (
thick and tangled roots of trees, so that (
he cannot be easily disturbed. When
chased he always starts for his hole,
goes to the bottom of it, and lies there ;
so the huntsman stops up the hole at
the entrance and digs down to the den.
Sometimes he sends in a terrier to keep


the fox in his place till he can dig away
the earth from the outside and take
He generally seeks a home near some
well-stocked farm-yard, from which he
can take his food as he wants it. Some-
times he kills quite a number of
chickens, and, taking them off one by
one, he hides each in a different place,
so that no one but himself can find them
The Bible often speaks of the fox,
comparing cunning, crafty men to it.
Our Saviour refers to its habit of living
when he says, Foxes have holes,-
but the Son of man hath not where to
lay his head." He who made all things, (
who left the glories and riches of a (
heavenly home, and came to this world (
bearing our griefs and carrying our (
sorrows that we might become truly
rich, had not where to lay his head I
The birds of the air, and even the foxes
had their dwellings, but the Saviour of


men had no home here, no resting-
place I
The jackal was much more common
in Palestine than the fox, and this is
probably meant in many cases where
the word fox is used in the Bible. It is
about as large as a medium-sized dog, (
being about two and a half feet long, (
and fourteen inches high. It has a head (
like a wolf's, and a tail bushy like the (
fox's, and black at the end. Its eyes (
are small, its ears pointed, and its skin (
has a strong, disagreeable smell. The (
upper part of its body is yellow, with a (
darker mark along its back and sides.
It is quite fierce, and prowls about'
villages, feeding on poultry, insects,
grapes, etc.
Unlike the common fox, which goes
about alone, it goes in packs, perhaps
forty or fifty, and sometimes even one
hundred in a pack. Its cry is dreadful,
being partly a howl and partly a bark,
and often sounds like the cry of a child


or some person in distress. In the
stillness of the night it is frightful
enough, for when one screams the
whole pack answers.
It has been called the "lion's pro-
vider;" but all this means is, that when
the lion hears the cry of the jackal, he
knows it has something to eat, and so
he makes his appearance and takes off
the food, whatever it may be, without
even saying, "If you please," or, By
your leave, sir"1
The jackal is particularly destructive
in the vineyards, nibbling off the tender
vines and the young grapes. There is
a reference to this in Solomon's Song,
ii. 15: "Take us the foxes, the little
foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines
have tender grapes."
The church is often called a vineyard
in the Bible, you know, and each
member is a vine which ought to bear
good fruit; but when "little foxes,1"
like wrong, foolish, unloving words, or


cunning men who teach false things,
creep in, they spoil the vines, so that
they bear no fruit.
Just so every little child is a vine, and
ought to bear fruit, but too often the
" little foxes get into the heart, spoiling
the first beginnings of good, and the
child shows no fruit. Be careful, then,
of what you would perhaps call little sins,
the very beginnings of evil, for they are
very dangerous. Although they may
seem small to you, they are the little
foxes" which do a great deal of mischief.
We read in the Bible that the fruits
of the good Spirit are love, joy, and
peace." Then, if joy is one of the
fruits which God expects you to bear,
do notletsour, unhappy looks and cross
words be the little foxes" that shall
steal the fruit of joy from your pleasant
face, or from your heart, for sour looks
betoken sour feelings, and wrong feel-
ings lead to naughty words, and so,
by-and-by, you will find the "little


foxes" to have taken the choicest fruits
of your once happy home.
Many years ago, when the prophet
Elisha told Hazael what dreadful things
he would do when he was king of Syria,
he was very angry, and said, Is thy
servant a dog, that he should do this
great thing?" "Do you suppose I
could ever be bad enough to do so (
wicked a thing ?" But it all came to (
pass just as the prophet said.
Just so, I suppose, when Cain was a (
little boy, if any body had told him he (
would ever kill his dear brother, he
might have said, Am I a dog ? Could
I ever be so unkind to dear little Abel?
I'm sure I love him very dearly." But
by-and-by he began to see that every-
body loved Abel best, and that called
out wicked feelings in his heart; then (
he hated him, and began to wish Abel
was out of the way. So, one day when
they were in the field, he struck him
and killed him I


Now I suppose Cain would have been
just as much surprised if any body had
told him he would ever be so wicked, as
you would be if I should tell you you
would ever strike that precious baby
brother of yours and kill him. You
would shudder all over, and say, Oh,
Aunt Katie, I could not do it I I'm
sure I could not!" and the tears would T
fill your eyes, and Aunt Katie would (
think, "No, of course you never could." (
But you must be very careful, then, (
about the smallest beginnings of unkind- (
ness, or of wrong, naughty feelings, (
those cunning, crafty little foxes that (
creep in almost without your knowing (
it, to spoil the vines.
Always cherish kind thoughts, always (
put away unkind words and acts, and
you will always have a loving heart,
will make others happy, be happy your-
self, and, better than all, Jesus will love
you and you will please him.

- " -- r -- C- T V-.!77 =7 nny. -Mnp. VOMP Nrnp -. Fr-j

(p- ^ ^>-. ._'-. .--^


HE Gnu is a native of South
Africa, living mostly in the hilly
districts of that country, and is
quite a remarkable animal, belonging to
the family of antelopes. Its strange
name was given to it by the Hottentots.
Its height is that of a small pony,
and in form it resembles partly the _
t 56 6


horse, partly the buffalo, and partly the
Its head is large, its eyes wild and
fiery, and it is provided with what may
be called tear-openings under the eyes,
as is the stag, which greatly relieve it in
hurried breathing. Its horns are large,
heavy, and rough, beginning at the back
part of the head, close together at the
base, and after bending forward beyond
the eyes, they turn suddenly upward
to a point.
Its neck is short and thick, though
more slender than that of the buffalo, (
with a full, stiff mane above it, the (
hairs of which are white at the roots, (
and black at the tips.
Beneath the lower jaw is a thick,
shaggy beard, and below the neck a
dew-lap much like the elk', The body
and the tail are not unlike those of the
horse, and of a deep brown color. The
legs are long and elegantly formed, like
those of the stag, and the space


between the forelegs is covered with
long bushy hair.
Its flesh is very juicy, and more
agreeable and nourishing than beef. In
disposition it is fierce, bold, and dan-
gerous to the hunter, especially when
wounded, striking with its horns, and,
like the buffalo, is made very angry by
the sight of any thing of a scarlet color.
When angry, it plunges and leaps
about, tearing the ground with its hoofs
and butting with its head, looking
rather frightfully. It is very seldom (
that one is found alone, for it generally (
goes with the herd, which sometimes (
number hundreds, I suppose. (

) )

^ _ .^ . . _.

( STRANGE looking creature this,
is it not, little reader, with its
\ large body, small head, long nose,
and little round ears? I fear you
would scarcely be able to tell me, if I
should ask you its name, for it is not
common with us. It is found all over
Europe, except perhaps the cold regions (
k "' gns


of the north, and is a hedgehog. It is (
usually nine or ten inches long, with a (
tail about as long as your thumb, and (
has four feet, which it uses for digging,
each having five toes with long nails.
But its skin is the most curious part
of the hedgehog, being covered over
the back with thick, sharp prickles or
spines, instead of hair. It is provided (
with muscles, too, or little fibres, so (
that it can raise its prickles and roll (
itself into the form of a ball, exposing (
no part of its body which is not covered (
with spines, for the under part is (
covered with hair. This is its only
way of defending itself -when attacked; (
so, although weak and timid, it never (
runs, but rolls itself up and waits until (
the danger is over. It seems to know
that this is its only safety, and no
violence will make it change its ball
form. It suffers injuries with great
patience and forbearance.
Its skin was used in ancient times for


clothes brushes, and also in dressing
It is found near hedges and thickets,
from the fruits and leaves of which it
obtains food. It also feeds upon small
insects, snails, beetles, and the like.
It is fond of eggs, and will sometimes
drive a hen off her nest and take her
eggs. It robs birds' nests also, and
destroys young hares. In some parts
) of Europe it is tamed and made very
( useful in destroying cockroaches. It (
burrows for roots with its nose. It (
eats the root of the plantain, boring (
under the plant with its upper jaw, (
which is longer than the lower, and, (
gnawing off the root upwards, it leaves (
the tuft of leaves standing.
It generally remains concealed during (
the day, creeping out at night for its (
food. In the winter it rolls itself (
into a round hole made at the foot of
a hedge, or in some decayed tree,
{ lining its nest warmly with moss, hay,


and leaves, and sleeps there until the
It is not so very stupid as you might
imagine from the picture, but shows
great sagacity in many ways. One is,
it has its burrow open in various points,
and when its instinct warns it of a
change in the wind, it stops up the hole
on that side. A gentleman who had
noticed this, predicted by it to what
point the wind would next change.
In an English magazine is an account
of one, who, having been tamed in a
garden, found its way to the scullery,
and made regular search for the bits
left on the dinner plates, retreating
afterwards to the cellar.
One is spoken of, also, who would
turn the spit while the meat was
roasting, as well as a dog.
Children, did you ever see any people
who were, like the hedgehog, all over
prickles and spines, so that you could
not touch them without feeling uncom-


fortable, getting pricked; people who
are so selfish that they mako every one
about them uncomfortable ? I think I
have sometimes seen such.
Did you never see a boy at school fret
and scold, and look very cross, because
some other boy had learned his lesson
better than he, and perhaps had gone
above him in his class? How much
better for himself and others if he had
rejoiced that his classmate had done so
well, and resolved to try and do better
himself next time!
Did you ever see a boy feel and act
uncomfortably because his mother did
not want him to wear his best cap out
to play ?
Did you ever see a child at school
always wanting the best places to
play, the best coasting-ground, and the
best of every thing to himself, or else
he would not play at all ? Such
children seem to me something like
the hedgehog, and I never want any


thing more to do with them than I can
How much better always to be a
comfort to every body. No child who
reads this book is too young or too
small to learn to be a comfort, and I can
tell you some very simple ways.
If you come home from school and
your feet are all muddy, don't go
through Bridget's clean kitchen, nor
into mamma's room, until you have (
thoroughly cleaned your boots.
Don't disturb mamma by whistling (
about the house, or teasing her, or (
jumping upon the chairs and the table, (
as I have seen boys do.
If at school some cold morning (
you see a little fellow come in all
shivering and half frozen, don't think,
" I got my warm place at the stove or
the register first, and I mean to keep
But perhaps some little girl says,
" Well, this is all for boys; of course
-dph -=k -1 h -=. d 1 -


they can do a great deal; but I am
only a little girl, seven or eight years
old; how can I be a comfort, Aunt
Katie ?"
In many, many ways, little reader.
You must not think because you can not
wash the dishes and make bread as
Bridget does, nor make shirts for papa
as mamma does, that you can not be a
" comfort."
If brother Willie wants some of your
playthings which it is proper he should
have. don't hold them up just out
of his reach, and tease him till he
gets impatient, and perhaps angry and
If you have any thing given you
to eat which Willie ought not to
have, don't eat it before him, and
say, "Sister has got something to eat, (
and Willie can't have any." That is (
not being a comfort to your dear little
If mamma tells you to go and get


something for her, don't whine and say,
" Oh dear I can not Susie or Jamie go?
I want to play."
If you ask mamma for any thing
which it is not best you should have, or
if she is not willing you should go out
to slide or to skate when you want to,
don't shrug your shoulders, and look (
sullen and cross, and say, I should (
think I might go; Ellen and Sarah are (
going;" for then come naughty thoughts D
which make you very unhappy yourself,
and any thing but a comfort to the dear (
mother who is always doing so much for (
If mamma is busy with company,
don't hang about her chair, nor meddle (
with things in the parlor which you (
know she never allows you to have.
Your little brother, younger, is watch-
ing, and will learn to do every thing
naughty which he sees you do.
When cousin Mary is busy, don't be
meddling with her work-basket or pin-


cushion, and making her "fidgetty,"
when perplexed and troubled about her
If mamma has a headache and wants
to be quiet, don't be noisy, but try to
keep the little ones still, too, by showing
them pictures, or building houses for
them with the blocks. Mamma loves
her little children, and nothing makes
her so happy as to see them kind and
affectionate to each other.
If you meet any poor little girl, not
so well dressed as you are, in the street,
don't laugh nor make fun of her.
If at school any little scholar does
not learn so easily as you do, don't call
her .stupid, but try and help her, and
say pleasant things to her.
You see how easy it is for little boys
and girls to make themselves disagree-
able to others; and yet how easy to be
a comfort. Always have a loving heart,
always say pleasant things, always try
to make others happy.


Do you think it will be very hard
always to remember this and to do
right? Then ask the blessed Saviour,
who wants you to be good, and who is
always willing to help you, and he will
make you just what you want so much
to be, a "comfort."

( (;

.... .-- ^

N 0


HIS spirited, beautiful looking
creature is probably the wild or
mountain goat often mentioned
in the Bible. When Saul went to seek
David, we are told he looked for him
" upon the rocks of the wild goats; "
and David himself refers to them in Ps.
civ. 18, when he says, The high hills
are a refuge for the wild goats."

L-4 --tr-no- -- - 11- - - - -- I -- N- I



These goats are quite large and are
found in the mountains on the peninsula
of Sinai, and east and south of the
Dead Sea, and resemble somewhat the
chamois of the Alps.
They feed in flocks of from forty to
fifty, with one of their number as a sort
of sentinel to watch and give the alarm (
when danger approaches. At the (
slightest warning they are off in an (
instant, darting over the rocks at great (
They are very affectionate, nourish
their young with corn, and make their
home, as the Bible says, among the (
rocks and mountains. They are larger (
than the tame goat, though much like it (
in their general form.
Their horns are two or three feet
long and very large, weighing sixteen
or eighteen pounds. They are arched
gracefully backwards, and knotted with
a series of rings, which look like knobs
towards the tips. The Arabs make the


horns into handles for knives, and rings
which they wear on their thumbs. Of
their skins they make water-bags. In
ancient times, when kid skins were used
for water, the side on which the hair
grew was turned inward; when for
wine, that side was turned outward.
The head is small, the eyes large,
round, and very bright. Their legs are
strong but slender, and the forelegs
being shorter than the hinder, they can
D go up a mountain much easier than they
) can come down, so, when pursued,they
( always start for the summit.
Their hoofs are short, and hollow
) inside, and on the outside end with a
) little projecting border. The limhls are
) white, with regular black marks down
D the front of the legs, and a black ring
above and below the knees.
The body is short, thick, and strong.
It is covered with a fur of dark brown,
with a black streak along the back.
They have a long tawny beard under


the chin. The tail is short, and covered()
over the top with long white hairs,
black above and at the end.
When still, they carry their heads
low, but in running, hold them high and
bent a little forward.
They mount a perpendicular rock of
fifteen feet at three bounds, not seeming
to have any footing on the rock, but
touching it as a rubber ball would,
merely to be sent onward. If between
two rocks which are near to each other,
they leap from the side of one rock to
the other, till they reach the top.
During the night they feed in the
woods, but as soon as the sun begins to
rise they go up the mountain, ascending
to dangerous heights, and always choos-
ing the sides which face the east and
south, because they are the most sunny.
As the sun begins to go down, they
feed down towards the woods again.
The woods are their resort, too, when it
is likely to snow, and they pass the
7 12.


winter there. Nothing but the severest
weather ever leads them into the
The female shows great attachment
to her young, defending it against
eagles, wolves, and other enemies.
When pursued, she takes refuge in
some cave, presenting her head at the
The season for hunting is in August
or September, but only they who live in
the mountains engage in the chase, for
it requires a head that can look down
from the greatest heights; sure footed-
ness, an expert marksman, and strength
and vigor to endure hunger, cold, and
great fatigue.
The hunters associate together in (
bands of two or three, furnish them-
selves with small bags of provisions,
and are armed with rifle-guns. They
pass the night in miserable huts, which
are often blocked up by morning with
snow several feet deep; but the flesh
a ~le!% :=%11-1 _,_ -73 - - N


of the ibex is so nice, like that of the
deer, that they are willing to undergo
great peril to obtain it. Sometimes
they will turn upon the hunter and
push him off a precipice.
On the plains, the goats are easily
caught by the dogs, but in the moun-
tains they take such long leaps that the
dogs can not reach them. The hunters
can not easily get a shot at them either,
so they hide themselves among the
reeds on the banks of the streams
where the goats come to drink.
It is said they will leap. fifty feet
without hurting themselves, and will
fall from a great hight upon their horns,
without injury. Stories are told, too,
of their hanging themselves by their
horns, on a tree on the edge of a preci-
pice, so that they can not be reached,
but I can not tell how true they are.
A gentleman, who, with a small party,
ascended Mt. Catherine, near Mt. Sinai,
Says they saw at a distance, a small


flock of mountain goats feeding. An
Arab left the party, telling them to keep
very still so as not to frighten the goats,
while he went a roundabout way to
get where he could fire at them. He
had nearly reached the spot he wanted
to, when the whole flock suddenly fled.
They could not have seen the Arab, but
the wind having changed, they smelt
him; and away they sped, with great
How kindly and how wonderfully does
God give to each creature he has made
its weapon of defence;- the instinct to
warn it of the approach of danger, and
to teach it its way of escape I No
wonder the Psalmist, who studied the
works of God so much, should exclaim,
0 Lord, how manifold are thy works !
in wisdom hast thou made them all !"
And the more he studied, the more he
admired and loved the Being who
created so many forms of life, for so
many different forms of enjoyment.


HIS diminutive and singular look-
ing animal is supposed by some to
be the cony of the. Bible; but the
cony is spoken of as living among the
"( high hills," while the Jerboa lives in
burrows which it digs. for itself in the
sand-hills of the desert, and is not at all
fitted for climbing. The cony had no


claws for digging. Its paws were
short, flat, and very tender on the
under side, and on each of its hind
paws one claw was much longer than
the others.
Others think the Jerboa is the same
as the mouse of the Bible, and indeed it
is called the jumping mouse of Egypt,
where it was very common. At all
events, it must have been well known
to the Israelites, for it was one of the
common animals of Syria, and under
the name of mouse, probably is men-
tioned among the animals which they
were forbidden to eat. Its flesh was
eaten by the Egyptians and Arabs,
though it is rather unsavory.
The Jerboas live in troops, and their (
burrows, though not very deep, are (
several yards in length, and winding, (
ending in a chamber well lined with (
grass, in which they make their nest.
These burrows usually have but one
opening, though they make another


passage very near the surface, through
which they can easily dig their way out
if the entrance is closed.
They remain in their holes during
the day, sleeping, rolled up, with their
heads between their thighs; feeding
at dusk, sporting abroad through the
night, and resting again at the dawn.
They are very timid, and driven into
their nests by the slightest noise. If (
< prevented from entering the nest, they (
trust to their speed, which is so great (
that often a greyhound can not overtake (
( them.
As you look at the picture and see
the difference between the fore and
hinder legs, you will wonder how they
can run at all. The hinder legs are (
quite long, you see, while the fore legs
only seem like little paws.
When seen at their full speed, they
look as if they moved only on their
hind legs, but in reality they jump,
raising the body first on the hind toes,
^ ^ ^ ^ ^~78 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^


their fore paws being pressed so closely
to the body as scarcely to be seen
at all, keeping their balance by the
assistance of the tail.
Having taken the leap of six or seven
feet, they come down on their fore
paws, but raise themselves so quickly
for another jump that they seem to
keep erect all the time. They do
not leap in a straight line, but first to
one side and then to the other, with
their tails stretched out. In standing,
they carry their tails in the form of an (
S, the lower curve of the S resting on (
the ground.
Although smaller, the Jerboas are (
something like the Kangaroo in their (
form. They are about the size of a
large rat, the body being eight inches
long, and the tail ten inches.
Their fur is soft, and smooth, and of a
pale, yellow, fawn color on the upper
parts of the body, and white underneath.
The tail has a black tuft on the end,
L^^^_ ^ 9^ ^ ^ .64


the head is in shape something like a
rabbit's, the eyes full and round, the
ears large and open. They sit and eat
their food from their fore paws, as
does the squirrel, and are quite easily


T Ti1`1 KN AIt NGA Ift 0,0

IHE Kangaroo is peculiar to New
Holland and some islands of the
/ Indian Archipelago. It was first
noticed by Capt. Cook, the distin-
guished navigator, in his first voyage
round the world, in 1770. Some of his
men found it in New South Wales.
Before that, it was known only to


savages; but since that time it has
become quite common in Europe, and,
with a little care, might be tamed so as
to live and sport in the parks, as does
the deer.
The great kangaroo measures nine
feet in length, and weighs one hundred
and fifty pounds. The fore legs, are, as
you see, much shorter than the hinder
ones; the hinder being three feet and a
half long, which is more than a yard,
and the fore legs only one foot and a
half, or a half a yard long.
The hind feet are not unlike those of
birds, being divided into five toes, of
which the two inner ones are very
small, and so united as to appear in
reality but one. One of the toes is
long, of great strength, and ends in a
powerful claw.
The fore feet or paws are divided
into five fingers, with strong hooked
claws or nails, for scratching or digging.
Its general position, when at rest,


is sitting posture; in which it is
supported by the hind legs and the
tail, which is very thick at its base, and
tapering, -but so strong as to seem
almost like another limb.
These animals use the hind feet and
the tail as weapons of defence, some-
times striking a man's leg with such
force as to break it. When pursued and
overtaken by dogs, with which they are
generally hunted, they turn, and seizing
them with their fore paws, will hug (
them closely, striking them at the same
time with their hind feet in such a way
as to kill them very quickly. (
The head and upper parts are small (
and delicate, appearing rather out of (
proportion to the others, which are
large and strong. The eyes are full
and bright, the mouth small, the ears
large and pointed.
They feed chiefly on grass, and go
about in small herds of from thirty to
fifty, under the lead of the older males.
i\/i~t oqs&83


The young are carried about in a bag
or pouch of skin, and even when quite
large often return to it for safety. The
flesh is said to be quite nice, much like
They are naturally timid, and fly from
the approach of man. They frequently
place their fore feet on the ground, and
feed like quadrupeds, and in drinking (
they lap like the dog. They do not (
run, but take amazing leaps of twenty (
feet, and will jump over any thing (
which they meet in their flight, to the (
hight of nine or ten feet.
They are hunted silently, for they (
hear very quickly. If water be at (
hand when they are fleeing, they (
plunge into it and await very quietly
the attacks of the dogs, which they hold
under the water and drown.
The males are called by the natives
of New Holland, old men, or wool
men," and the female is the "young
liddy," (lady.) Sometimes they will
^^^^-^ ^^^ ^.^^^84


drive the males into wet places, where
their weight causes them to sink in the
damp ground, and they soon become
tired; but even then it is difficult to
take them, for they very easily dispose
of the dogs which attack them, so that
dogs which have been used to the chase
never venture to approach them alone,
but by barking keep them from escaping
until the hunters come up.

m . . .^ . ..85


OU will not be long in reco
this as a picture of the li
( king of beasts. His for]
already know so well, I nee
describe it particularly; and ye

on, the
m you
d not
t he is

such a wonderful animal, you will be
glad to know some facts about him,
which, perhaps, you have not heard.


In size, the lion is eight feet long,
and four feet high. It was once very
common in Palestine, and is often
mentioned in the Bible as an emblem of
power or majesty; but has been driven
by the progress of man further away.
It now exists throughout Africa, India,
and Persia.
The African lion often weighs five
hundred pounds, and lives fifty, and
sometimes even seventy years. The
bones of its fore limbs are remarkable
for their strength and firmness. They
are said to be so hard that they will
strike fire with steel, and a single stroke
of them will kill a horse or a buffalo.
His jaws and neck are very powerful;
his hearing very acute; and his eyes
are adapted to seeing in the night; for
he is quite nocturnal in his habits,
rousing up at sunset and creeping
about or lying in ambush for his prey.
His strength is so great that he can
carry off a horse or a buffalo, and yet


travelers have often passed him in
the daytime unharmed; when he had
probably had enough to eat the night
But the paws are the most wonderful,
in their adaptation to his want. He
creeps very stealthily and silently, and
then bounds some twenty or thirty feet.
His paws are softly cushioned. The
sole is padded with a soft, springy
cushion of fat, two inches thick, and a
similar, smaller one, on each toe. This
is for two reasons; first, that he may
tread noiselessly, and second, that in
jumping so far, the spine and the
shoulder may not be broken by so great
a weight.
The claws, too, or talons, are drawn
back into sheaths, and hidden by the
fur, except when making his attacks,
and they are raised so high above the
cushions that they do not touch the
ground in walking, and so are unworn,
always sharp and ready for service.


He can sheath or unsheath them when-
ever he chooses, as the cat does her
claws. Indeed, the lion is nothing more
nor less than a cat of immense size and
Its skin is of little value, and is
seldom used. It is stated to be a fact
that if one lion is killed, the others
take the hint, and leave that part of the
The lion has been much regarded not
only for its power, but for its generosity
and dignity. Its generosity is shown
by never killing any thing for the mere
pleasure of it, but only for food, and
no more than it is able to consume.
Although so ferocious, it is sometimes
domesticated with safety.
Perhaps you have heard the old story
of the slave who was exposed to a lion
in the circus. Everybody supposed the
lion would dispose of the poor man with
one stroke of his paw, but instead of
that, he seemed very glad to see him,


and did not attempt to hurt him at all,
because hlie did not forget that he had
once taken a thorn out of his foot. In
consequence of this the slave was set
free, and led the lion about the streets
of Rome.
In 1650, a great plague raged at
Naples. Sir George Davis, English
Consul there at that time, went to
Florence to escape the disease. One (
day, while visiting the menagerie of the (
Grand Duke, he noticed a lion in the (
further end of one of the dens, looking (
very sullen and cross, and the keeper (
s~id they had tried in vain to tame him (
for three years.
No sooner did Sir George come near (
the den, than the lion sprang towards (
him with every appearance of delight,
purred like a cat, and licked his hand.
The keeper, frightened for the safety
of his visitor, urged him to keep away,
but he insisted upon entering the cage.
The lion threw his paws upon his
'Q _90


shoulders, licked his face, rubbing his
head upon him and fawning like a cat.
When asked for an explanation, Sir
George said this lion was given him
( when it was quite young by a sea
captain. He brought him up tame, had
a den for him in his yard, and finally
gave him away, because he grew so
large that he feared he might do harm I
Another story is told of a knight in
the Holy Land, who was riding through
a forest, and hearing a cry of distress,
rode into the thicket, but was aston-
( ished to see, instead of some unfortunate
man, a lion, with a large serpent coiled
around hii body. The knight was a
brave man, as all knights ought to be,
and with one stroke of his sword killed
the serpent. So thankful was the lion
for this kindness that he followed him
afterwards like a dog.
A traveler in Africa, returning from
hunting, found a beautiful lion sick, and
suffering, and in great weakness. Outs
.91 c.Yl


of pity, he poured a small quantity of
milk down his throat, by which he was
greatly refreshed. After this, the lion
became so much attached to the kind
person who had relieved him, that he
followed him every where, being led
only by a string around his neck, and
even ate from his master's hand.
I might tell you a great many stories (
about this wonderful and noble animal, (
but I will add only one more, which is (
the most beautiful lion-story I have ever (
Daniel was among the Jewish youth (
who were taken from their loved homes (
when twelve or sixteen years old, and (
carried captives into Babylon. He
belonged to the royal family, and his
birthplace was probably Jerusalem.
But the Lord was with him, even
amidst the temptations and trials of his
new life at the heathen court, and he
made every body love him. Daniel did
not forget the God of his fathers when
\ '!? Q<> S?*92

("9THE LION. )

away from the Holy City, and the
services of the temple, to which he had
been accustomed. He knew that God
could take care of him just as well
at Babylon as in Jerusalem, and that
heaven was just as near to the one
as to the other. So he went to his
chamber, and kneeling with his face
towards Jerusalem, the city of his love,
he prayed three times every day.
When the king, Darius, wanted some (
one to take charge of the affairs of his
kingdom, his first thought was of Daniel,
because of the excellent spirit'" that (
was in him. But some of the great
men of the kingdom were very jealous
of Daniel, and did not want him to be (
So they watched very closely, to
see if they could not find him guilty
of some wrong which they could
report to the king. But after watch-
ing in vain for some time, they
concluded they could not find fault


with any thing except his faithfulness
to his God.
So they drew up a paper, in writing, (
making a law that no one must ask any
thing of God or man, only of the king
himself; for thirty days.; if he did, he
must be cast into the den of lions.
The king, who loved Daniel, little
thought what mischief these wicked
men were planning, so he signed the
writing, and the men went away quite
satisfied, because they knew that a law (
which the king had once signed could (
never be changed.
Daniel know of the writing, but lie
loved God. God had taken care of him (
thus far, and he was able still to defend
him. Better even to be thrown to the
lions than to sin against God! Better
disobey Darius than to cease to thank (
the Being who had done more for him (
than any earthly king could ever do! (
So, "his window being open in his (
chamber towards Jerusalem, he kneeled

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