Citation
Chambers' primer, or, First book for children

Material Information

Title:
Chambers' primer, or, First book for children in which every word has a direct signification
Alternate title:
First book for children in which every words has dirct signification
Creator:
Chambers, Reuben
Place of Publication:
Bethania Pa
Publisher:
[s.n.]
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
32 p. : ill. ; 15 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Language and languages -- Orthography and spelling -- Juvenile literature ( lcsh )
Primers (Instructional books) -- 1852 ( rbgenr )
Textbooks -- 1852 ( rbgenr )
Publishers' paper bindings (Binding) -- 1852 ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1852
Genre:
Textbooks ( fast )
Textbooks ( rbgenr )
Publishers' paper bindings (Binding) ( rbbin )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Pennsylvania -- Bethania
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

Funding:
Brittle Books Program

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
027261496 ( ALEPH )
45834978 ( OCLC )
ALK2305 ( NOTIS )

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Full Text
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CHAMBERS’ ®

| PRIMER,

IN WHICH

EVERY WORD HAS A
DIRECT SIGNIFICATION. —

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BY REUBEN CHAMBER?
BETHANIA, Pa..



1852. Ch of



RST BOOK FOR CHILDREN ;





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Sate e

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2 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. e ‘
ae =|
® PREFACE. | |

I have long been disgusted with the nonsensical: |

trash that [ have met with, in all the books design-. ~~

ed for the instruction of young children. It seemed
as if they were expected to obtain a knowledge of’
words of one syllable, by placing before them, les
sons formed of mere syllables, or parts of syllables ;
as ba,.[for bay ;] dia, [for day ;] ar, [for are;] iz,)
[for is;] ya, [for yea;] y1, [which is worse than non,

he. aa : f; : hye
. sensical ;] y u, [for you ;] ma, (for may;] na, [ior
7 nay ;] wa, [for way ;] az, [for as;} and so forth.
-For words of three letters, I have seen given in one
column, swa, swe, swi, swo, swus and in another, es

scu;.and in another,.swy.. Such mangling and mur-,
2 derngillsyllables and.words, are not only a hin-
| drance in acquiring the artof spelling, but are quite
disgusting, and retard, rather than instruct, by puze-
zling and bewildering the learner. una
The practice of introducing such masses of non}.
sense in the first lessons for learning children to
~spell, is, therefore too absurd to require comment.



I have avoided all such incongruities;. being con-. f
vinced by experience in teaching children,.that when .
| they are emerging from their alphabet, the next.
. thing is, to let them know that the names or sounds »

of the letters are the materials with which we make °
words; and that these words, however short, re- |
present things and actions;.ascow, ox, fo. | *

In the spelling lessons which consist of words o
two, and of three letters, I have partly disregarded
the arangement of those words together, in which: Nive,
the vowel assumes. the same sound, believing that | ~
unimportant. As the learners-progress, they may |
be taught the different sounds of whe yowels, |
where they will find lessons adapted thereto. And |
throughout the whole work, I have observed | _
an easy, natural gradation, which will be pleasing, —
and ins;ructive.

i

. 2
Bia









4 alee he ies La £ ae ee re ye







=

- CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 8





ee.

an ee

ALPHABET :—CAPITALS.,



I a é









4 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER, | ")



THE ALPHABET. |
Small Capitals.

BCD E
GHI J
L MN O
QRS T
vrs ye:

EB,

Pe ee eS ne. eee a) le anys oe >
CORI ee ee Eg i a co
on
a
ois

avr ae

: - ts
4 en alias ai, ene

ei es

Sa





ee eT on ee















4
~ CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 5

"ALPHABET:—SMALL LETTERS.

abedefgh

kj kKimnop

qr stuvwx
.- yz&

<
Italick Small Letters.

ab ¢ d. £UF Bah FO bh the *
mnopqgars:st Me wise s
__. Ttalick Capital Letters.
| ABCDEF@HISK
LyevoreR an Gr
B'S Se Para

a) ee ee






















er CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.



COMBINATIONS OF LETTERS.
oo al coll 32 fti,> Te

- *DIPTHONGS.
Knee Eee

ae ai ao au aw ay ea ee
ei eo eu ew ey ia ie ~io

-~

oa O€ Ol OO OU OW oY ua
ue ul uo uy
"TRIPTHON GS.
r. ‘aye eau eou €we eye eu ,
: > lew 10u O@i ocu uoy f
oS
FIGURES. ;

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ie

a ee.





CHAMBERS? I PRIMER. ¥



am

an

ar

as

at
ah

sO
lo
no

ho

wo

LESSON 1.

el in do,
em is on
en if or
ef... en
es
ex go og

LESSON 2, _ eit
he » ce! pi |
be ve by

de ails ja
me Gs

a Y

of
me ox

vkae :





fia
tf ul
, Me £
Ma
SLE gre
5a i









vine By eee) ie Se eo





& _CHAMBERS? PRIMER,

nn A



Reading Lessons of two, three, and four
Letters.

_ LESSON 3
Is he’ in it? | I am to go in.
He is to go in. | Hes to go in it.
So am I to go. | So we go in to it.
Am I to goin. | So is he to go up.
LESSON 4. .
Tam to go up, as he is to go.
If we do go m, so is he to go.

ig, on, by us, to it, if ye can.

Now we may go for the cow.

John may go for the sow and pigs.

The me big boys may go for the colt.
LESSON 5

bay to ake He can ids
The boy is not on it now.



My son do no ill.
Go not in the way of bad boys.
Be a good boy, and try to do well.

vr









er



ee ee | &

> —- —_ af
d é





rat

vat -

mat

dog
hog

leg ~
fog

“

bog .

bot
box

dol

dot

fob

fop

for.

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER

LESSON 6.

Sat
bat

fat slap.

hat

nap
can
fan
tan
pan
ban
man
ran

hod —
hop
hot
lop
lot
not

' hor
nod
pot

LESSON >
fon. >
got

bod."
sop
pt
~ cot ;

hag
wag

pUOR. «2
bid

dad

ig


















rag |
bag
fag
gg |

par
mar
far a
car

did
hid

lid
mid
nd
big |



10



ig

Pilg
wig

fin
gin
kuna
hn
pin
sin
tin

- men
“pen
ten

wen
ken



fen |

- » “eg
: let
| eet





net
wet

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

LESSON 8.
win fit
dim hit
him. kit
rim jit
dip nit
hip pit
_kip sit
ip tit
nip wit
_Fip fix
sip rib
tip his

LESSON 9.
set bug
get dug
jet hug
yet mug
yes — rug
web tug
wed pun
wen fun
end tun
elm sun
elk run
ebb pun





> he fe.



bar
tar
jar
are
art
ark
arm

jam

ham

dam.
ram -

and

tub
ton
but

' cut
run
cub
cob

cog

coy.
boy
hoy.

toy

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

LESSON 10.

ash ale
ask age
adz ape
has ace
gab __sate
rab —s ake
-dab ——_—ibay.
abb. day
ann gay
lax "hay
tax lay
wax jay
LESSON 11.
mob ode
mop low
oneé won
ore was
mow wad
tow war .
bow —s saw
own raw
doe... gaw.
woe naw
oak. law
oar Maw







oer

12 + +CHAMBER’S PRIMER.
| LESSON 12

A new hat for a 7006 boy;
‘The best boy is to get it. He

will take the most care of it.é

_ The pig is to be fed. .

It runs at our call, .

* Ahive of Bees. We were
at the hive and saw the
bees. ; How fast they fly!
.. A fat Steer, for beef.
~ See how he holds up his
head, and looks at us.

A grand House to live in. ga

Tt is our home. We live Hy
hap-py in it. jSweet home !e&
_ Anew rush seat Chair, §
for one of us to sit on, by the















= ney’
i e vi th
x
‘












Soe

fe
Bae ge?

a!

ne it Le
oe





fire. Here itis. Sit down
~on it, and be still.
eK "

The Cow can eat hay, B
and I can give it to her. 3%
She gives us good milk.



.. The Plow is to cut
‘and turn the sod. ij







“kay

The Stage sphch is dawn by hors-
It runs ve-ry fast, and we can

es.

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

Stage Coach.

. Deh
Se

EP
fae ae

N



ride in it, 1f we wish to.

dry
ply
pry
eye

Best
rest
jest
west
fist

- hist
mist

. rust

_ must
dust



LESSON 15. |
dye ire pea
rye ice tea
fie use fee
lie due see .

LESSON 14, |
belt bale ride
pelt dale trot
felt sale trap
welt male send
wilt tale side x

milt line . mend
mint fine @- tend,.
dint mine _— lend ~
lint sine rend
tils wine wend

ee RE ee eS ee ee eee







TNC, OS ee Oe Vee ene ee Oa PRL ee eet Ady Fs oO eo
- - si i a
‘ PS eA
: . =







CHAMBERS’ PRIMER,





14
LESSON 15.

hand _spole bare cork
band hole fare fork
sand rose mare cord
land nose dare “loek
lamp hose __hare dock
damp bone ware rock
camp cone tare mock
vamp zone bake — bond
fang hone lake fond |
hang pope -make from —
pang pore rake. _— frog
gang pose sake shop

LESSON 16.

Salt _—_ reel boon _—_.-: cook
halt ‘das, feel soon nook
malt keel noon rook |
want meek boot root.
fall meet = root rood
tall feet noon mood
ball deep foot room
call deer tool coom
hall —- reed fool coop
mall _ seed soot sood
pall. seen _— pool cool
wall seem § doom loom





y







spare

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. | 15
__ LESSON 17. *
rust slug — chin this
lust snug grin with
bust smug shin fist
must slut spin mist
gust snub _—_—s twin list
busk club brim slip
dusk drub skim trip
husk stub trim ship
rusk drum swim — clip.
mush grum shim ship
drug scum milk thin
plug crum wing wilt
LESSON 18.
brace drake biame state
brave _ flake flame skate
blade slake frame brace —
spade snake shame shave
space spake _ crane shade
trace shake crape share
chase frame — shape __ slave
grade blame flare waste |
grave flame scare blaze |
trade shame share glaze
stage _ stale snare graze
chafe scale paste







Neen eee a al iesteiiaamnnnteerietnendieni pte arate —
acre en cece =
ae ae ; SABA Rew ee a

ed

—

ee anes

16 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.







LESSON 19.
Boy.
2 é
a

A good boy will hurt no onein his
play, if he can help it; no, he will

_ not try to vex any one. He will go

and do as he was bid.

‘Boys must cut and saw wood, and:
et chi ips for the fre. They must
bring the Cow, and give her salt,
and feed, and then go to school.

Boys must learn to plow and hoe, to

lant and sow, to reap and mow, and
lay up grain and fruit, and stuif to
gat and wear, in the tume of need,



“dh nice: Saddle’ fhire.the- eee
boy to put on his colt, sol i c
an go mary » when he sides aa

. %





‘ tal oe



"LO ey oe
ay j
v



£

RR Ae RNAS RRA RNC ATRL AS PREP LE I OLE PIE a ELE
A

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 1?

—





LESSON 20.

Girls must sweep the floor, and
fix the fire, brush the dust, milk the
cow, set the table, wash the dishes,
and go to school, and learn to read.

Girls must learn to spin, and sew,
and knit, and wash and iron, and
make beds, and brush down spider
webs; and to bake and cook, and —
take care of the e ouse.

Girls must pick peas and beans for
din-ner; they must save the seeds of
plants to raise more, next year.









Anew Bonnet for the [ ‘ Nini
best girl. She may put it Ms
on to go to school, and “SS

when she goes to see her aunt.

The sweet Rose.
It grows in the gar-
den, and at the sides *
of the walks and al-
leys. It is oft-en Sprit
used in a wreath. .—@=
Ithas a good smell, @” @
even after it is dead. rr









of owe

18 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER,
| LESSON 21.
brick . split ching churn
chick — quilt bring spurn
stick swiit thing plump
thick shift which stump
trick drift midst burnt
drink crisp twist burst
flint strip slink blunt
stint scrip cling ___ stunt —
prmt brisk chink __ stuff
stnk sprig smith — blush
-elnk _ sling fling brush
think sting twink — crush
LESSON 22.

Fens

F A new Shoe. em.

i A Book to read. We a
- must take it and go’ to Ay
school, and learn to read. S85




; Watch to tell
the time of day. Tat

r £ jf * . >
2 Arr Ps " i
BS ae ot nN me
ane~ ieee SS wy
= iu | s ot =
SRE Peake Be a AS
nart can Saag. WSN
en A po pi Sant
aa ee ae. . ME Gp
e . . ee ae i
oo mae <= > ot ta ITs s
nie a a in OD

. tell the time by it.



be







CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. | 19





LESSON 23.
A



- “The Sow feeds on corn, slop, and ~

- grass. Hogs also feed on nuts and

roots. ‘They are also fond of flesh,
and have been known to de-vour
lambs and fowls, and e-ven babes.
‘Their flesh is call-ed pork. ‘Their
fat is call-ed lard. a



Steam gases

_ has with-in it-self, that which moves |
it. The two a are be-hind, —

are for peo-ple to mde in, and may -

be drawn by horses or by steam.









- shout
— loud
flour
: sour
_ cloud
— found
house

. - mouse

| pound

round










diet

| | ground

mound
growl
noise
voice
moist
spoil
brow —

bo
gol

~ coil
louse

| LESSON 24.
sound

change
Strange
strand
stripe
stride

strike
strife —
bright

praise
please
charge

cheese

LESSON 25.

“ony
poet
su et

te 2 |
tiny
va ry
re al

oy dy er

mi Fry
fu my
pi ca

al um




throne
breath
health
smooth
shroud
whence
prince
George

throat

should
eaught
taught

bi as
he ro
so fa
ti dy
ba by

| Tha zy

WA ry
fu ry

ee PY

du ly
la va
OX €f



“A
ae]
A







CHAMBERS’ PRIMER, 2h
_ LESSON 26. :
Two Sheep, '



backs, And men take sharp shears,
made for that use, and clip it off.
‘Then it is spun, and wove, and dyed,
and fulled; then it is called cloth.
After this be all done, it must be
made into clothes for us to wear.

LESSON 27.



Father has ta good milk cow, |

_ And she hasa fine young calf, now: _

a She is tame, she is mild and kind;
And soon the calf, her milk will find.








a

Me is






pt
Bs











22 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.
2 LESSON: 28,
i lot le gal am ber
ri der re gal ad der
vi tal’ fe ver ac tor
final. ba ker an gle
bs _ i pen. ca pex an ger
vi per. pa per af ter.
* tiger ta per en ter
bi ped. ra ker el der
cd bel ma ker ex ist
rival. fa tal ru ler
vi tal to tal so ber
tu. ip ja cob. to ken
LESSON 29,.
bri er ~ sha dy cam e}.
‘ a eri er. cra zy cab in
_ for ty cru el. cav il
stony gruel hab it
story mel on rab id
> tral dra ma rap id
gio ry tri al liv id»
sol i smo ky lim it
ol sto ny eiv il
nev er sto ry vis ta
iv cr glo ry villa
gi gat in viv id





keep the bank up. Next, we place

” lit-tle streams we sec. —













CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. * 23
eames

LESSON 30.



To build a ‘war we first hapa to
dig a great, round hole, in the earth,
till the wat-er springs up. This hole
is made a-bout six feet wide.. Then
we build a wall round, in-side of it, to

on the curb, studs, wind-lass, ropeand
buck-et, to draw wat-er with. a

We have to dig wells in the earth, —
when we want wat-er where there
are no springs. a

Wat-er may be had in al-most eve | 4
ery place, by dig-ging deep e-nough ; ‘a
aa there are many springs run-ning
uin-der the sur-face of the i kas, a





Reeacageianeaceaich autkwanegthakateibaincksaad

| CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

Some wells have pumps in them.
With the pump we force wat-er out
of the well. ‘There are ma-ny kinds
of pumps and oth-cr en-gines for
rais-ing wat-er. The pump is saf-
er and eas-i-er to raise wat-er with.
than a draw-weil.





| LESSON 31.
bon net _ barrel car pet
bor der » bar ter bet. ter
corner __ bas ket fen der
cop per bat ter fen nel

; tafen . art ful fes ter
_ fodder . _ ban ter mel Jon

LESSON 32.
steam Boat. -

a ges.
<= Spee




, s 3
7 ft Fe Ss
a) Ce ee aes are i en 49
ist) —~ -~o = A SES
) \eitaE gel 11 bey
e ( RENT ER ee Loe ecko =
4 & @ e ‘t on
ese ty : res aa
Ree Se SS =e
ee a x =
Get 2 eo ee
ai mes: Fees cor emer a

Steam Boats are large ves-sels, built to

ply on lakes, riv-ers, and sea coasts. Their

speed is e-qual to that of a swift horse. Some

of them ply day and night, and make voy-

| a-ges of ma-ny hun-dreds of miles, Grain,

and flour, and ali kinds of goods and wares,
\ are tak-en from one port to an-other, in them. .

i

4









fif ty
fit ly
sil ly
tip sy
wit ty
dit ty
dim ly
fun ny
hur ry
‘Inus ty
per ry
pup py

fet ter
lit ter
lin net
bat ten
car rot
hap py
mal let
doc tor
dif fer.
bit ter
bal Jad
par rot

LESSON 33
per ry
pet ty
fer ty
ral ly
tal ly
riv et
bet ty
nev er
sev er
mer ry
fer ry”

gip sy

LESSON 34.

mas ter
tan ner
car rot

pen cil

mil ler |
mit ten
pil fer
for age
ches nut
but ton :
but ter
dam sel.



- CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

fiend

berry =. |

‘gal lon






















23

man ly —
fan cy |
han dy
hap py
ph er
car ry
car go

pen ny *-4
petty
reb el
‘dit to

tru ant
tru ly

hor net

fro zen

bun dle
can dle”
cra dle
con fer

gal lop



y
fa

oF
AAG
: on



ce

Pi far mer
F 4 cum ber
Ls gum mer
mus ter
utter.
‘mur der
© gun ner_
num ber
' din ner
_ hap pen
ren der




. fath er
har vest
| mandate
| in mate—
tes tate
} ser vant
— @©>. cur rent ©
} ur gent
‘- instant



shel ter

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER,

LESSON 35.

mar ket
buf fet

hin der

cor net
tur nip
sil ver
fin ish
lad der
lin net
lim. ber
mod est
ren net
LESSON 36
seg ment
flip pant
chap ter
chap let
um pire
flan nel
orav el
stag nate

_ stag nant

em blem
tram el



tem per

rud: der

hut meg.

lum ber
mem ber
pan nel
ham let
hel met —
ram mer
ran dom
gen der

PoP Te

tan gent
clem ent

turn pike

shil ling
bles sing
her ring
slen der

spav in

slum ber
but ment.
clus ter

shat ter



\



CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 27

LESSON 37.
fees collect wax and honey ;
Men collect wealth in money.
Birds collect and build their nests on trees, — |
While Fish live in the rivers and seas. |

The candle’s to give us light,
_ While we do our work at night.



acom even egress ivy
»adorn evil. i tem 1 cy
& loft e dith 1 ron o val
a cre e dict idle 0 ral
awent egret’. irs 4-0 Very]
LESSON 38. 4
a go _a base amuse |
: a bode a bate a buse
a dore amaze e lude:
a lone a wake e vade
a tone a way e late’
a fore a pace e rase
a rose a gain e duce
a quose a gainst a bide |
a woke a main a like
_asilope © amate -—_ a. rise
a row a wait we dileg: &
- 8 lope aware = opine 4









c See
LESSON 39
yam ity an nu al no ta ry
) ag ony ac tu al no ti fy
diary ar te ry oc cu py
a en e my bo re as pu ri fy
pe” ele gy: cu po la pu ri ty
| folio cu ra cy lu na cy
_ irony ge ni al ‘pi ra cy.
i dv ry ge ni us po et ry ~
Opium ja ni or in jury
piety la bi al vo ta ry
o,f LESSON 40.
‘me te or violet. decency
- se ni or violent sla ve ry
- gavory violate soberly
pa ci fy vacancy fi na} ly
- rarity di a per to tal ly
ga vory totalty curious
ca pias li a ble age ri fy
ca ve at lu na tic u ti ful
la i ty ha ble va ri Ous
| warily locally vacancy
_ pa pa cy funeral _—_sa pi ent
.. tutelar _—pa tri ot

CHAMBER s? PRIMER.












CHAMBERS’ PRIMBR. 29



~—-

bo tan ic.
co hab it

ap par el
in hab it

or gan ic |

to bac co

un hap py
a ban don
ex am ine
es tab lish
sa tan ick
a quat ick

in ju ry
id i ot
11 1 om
m di go
in te oer
m ju ry
in fi del
in fan cy
in fa my
im pe tus
im pe ous
in do lent

LESSON 41,
di rect ly
of fend er
of fen sive
sur ren der
tor ment or
for get ful
dis cred it
di lem ma
al ter nate
pa ter nal
pa thet ick
ap pen dix
LESSON 42.
im i tate
In ter val
im i tate
in di cate
in di gent
in no cent
in so lent
it er ant

it er ate.
in vo cate
in ti mate
in fi nite

un wil ling
vin dic tive
con sid er
in sip id
pro hib it
de liv er
dis til ler
im bit ter
dis fig ure

diminish
im prison =~

e nig ma

ir ri tate
ir ri gate
in no vate
his to ry -
dim i ty
dig ni ty
dig ni
fit eth,

fish e ry

pit i ful
vine gar
Visitor -,









LESSON 43.



ad mon ish
al lot ment

re sol vent

re spon sive
b re spon dent
i im mod est

. im con stant
un com mor
un con star
un trod den
un spot ted
de mon strate

a base ment
a bate ment
dis. grace ful:
trans pa rent
un grate ful
po ma tum
ap pa rent
trans la tor: :
un sta ble &
ver ba tim
ad ja cent
nar ra tor.

ee LESSON. 44,.



One :

Two

Three
Four
Five
Six
sev en
Eight
Nine —
‘Ten



14.
tT?’
13

14
1d
16

ay
18
19.
20

ve lev ew

‘Twelve
Thir teen.
Four teen
Fif teen

Six teen
Sev en teen:
Eigh teen
Nine teea

_ Twen ty.














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PAM EL

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CHAMBERS’ ®

| PRIMER,

IN WHICH

EVERY WORD HAS A
DIRECT SIGNIFICATION. —

GP a

Tey

3 Sore
4 : = = nee eee aoe
CP ASAAUTERDER STAT EUSA PEED REET TTI ET CEEETEUS PETER ELI PULEEDD AD UPALEE TERA RT EDDA DADE TDLPTES DAA COLE EEIGD DRS PL)
Setepsnendl conpocusenencsenenminene nae ——-
SS SS

Sey

~ - ees ca as



BY REUBEN CHAMBER?
BETHANIA, Pa..



1852. Ch of



RST BOOK FOR CHILDREN ;





Raed

Sate e

ee ee








2 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. e ‘
ae =|
® PREFACE. | |

I have long been disgusted with the nonsensical: |

trash that [ have met with, in all the books design-. ~~

ed for the instruction of young children. It seemed
as if they were expected to obtain a knowledge of’
words of one syllable, by placing before them, les
sons formed of mere syllables, or parts of syllables ;
as ba,.[for bay ;] dia, [for day ;] ar, [for are;] iz,)
[for is;] ya, [for yea;] y1, [which is worse than non,

he. aa : f; : hye
. sensical ;] y u, [for you ;] ma, (for may;] na, [ior
7 nay ;] wa, [for way ;] az, [for as;} and so forth.
-For words of three letters, I have seen given in one
column, swa, swe, swi, swo, swus and in another, es

scu;.and in another,.swy.. Such mangling and mur-,
2 derngillsyllables and.words, are not only a hin-
| drance in acquiring the artof spelling, but are quite
disgusting, and retard, rather than instruct, by puze-
zling and bewildering the learner. una
The practice of introducing such masses of non}.
sense in the first lessons for learning children to
~spell, is, therefore too absurd to require comment.



I have avoided all such incongruities;. being con-. f
vinced by experience in teaching children,.that when .
| they are emerging from their alphabet, the next.
. thing is, to let them know that the names or sounds »

of the letters are the materials with which we make °
words; and that these words, however short, re- |
present things and actions;.ascow, ox, fo. | *

In the spelling lessons which consist of words o
two, and of three letters, I have partly disregarded
the arangement of those words together, in which: Nive,
the vowel assumes. the same sound, believing that | ~
unimportant. As the learners-progress, they may |
be taught the different sounds of whe yowels, |
where they will find lessons adapted thereto. And |
throughout the whole work, I have observed | _
an easy, natural gradation, which will be pleasing, —
and ins;ructive.

i

. 2
Bia






4 alee he ies La £ ae ee re ye







=

- CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 8





ee.

an ee

ALPHABET :—CAPITALS.,



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4 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER, | ")



THE ALPHABET. |
Small Capitals.

BCD E
GHI J
L MN O
QRS T
vrs ye:

EB,

Pe ee eS ne. eee a) le anys oe >
CORI ee ee Eg i a co
on
a
ois

avr ae

: - ts
4 en alias ai, ene

ei es

Sa


ee eT on ee















4
~ CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 5

"ALPHABET:—SMALL LETTERS.

abedefgh

kj kKimnop

qr stuvwx
.- yz&

<
Italick Small Letters.

ab ¢ d. £UF Bah FO bh the *
mnopqgars:st Me wise s
__. Ttalick Capital Letters.
| ABCDEF@HISK
LyevoreR an Gr
B'S Se Para

a) ee ee



















er CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.



COMBINATIONS OF LETTERS.
oo al coll 32 fti,> Te

- *DIPTHONGS.
Knee Eee

ae ai ao au aw ay ea ee
ei eo eu ew ey ia ie ~io

-~

oa O€ Ol OO OU OW oY ua
ue ul uo uy
"TRIPTHON GS.
r. ‘aye eau eou €we eye eu ,
: > lew 10u O@i ocu uoy f
oS
FIGURES. ;

(1234567890


ie

a ee.





CHAMBERS? I PRIMER. ¥



am

an

ar

as

at
ah

sO
lo
no

ho

wo

LESSON 1.

el in do,
em is on
en if or
ef... en
es
ex go og

LESSON 2, _ eit
he » ce! pi |
be ve by

de ails ja
me Gs

a Y

of
me ox

vkae :





fia
tf ul
, Me £
Ma
SLE gre
5a i






vine By eee) ie Se eo





& _CHAMBERS? PRIMER,

nn A



Reading Lessons of two, three, and four
Letters.

_ LESSON 3
Is he’ in it? | I am to go in.
He is to go in. | Hes to go in it.
So am I to go. | So we go in to it.
Am I to goin. | So is he to go up.
LESSON 4. .
Tam to go up, as he is to go.
If we do go m, so is he to go.

ig, on, by us, to it, if ye can.

Now we may go for the cow.

John may go for the sow and pigs.

The me big boys may go for the colt.
LESSON 5

bay to ake He can ids
The boy is not on it now.



My son do no ill.
Go not in the way of bad boys.
Be a good boy, and try to do well.

vr






er



ee ee | &

> —- —_ af
d é





rat

vat -

mat

dog
hog

leg ~
fog

“

bog .

bot
box

dol

dot

fob

fop

for.

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER

LESSON 6.

Sat
bat

fat slap.

hat

nap
can
fan
tan
pan
ban
man
ran

hod —
hop
hot
lop
lot
not

' hor
nod
pot

LESSON >
fon. >
got

bod."
sop
pt
~ cot ;

hag
wag

pUOR. «2
bid

dad

ig


















rag |
bag
fag
gg |

par
mar
far a
car

did
hid

lid
mid
nd
big |
10



ig

Pilg
wig

fin
gin
kuna
hn
pin
sin
tin

- men
“pen
ten

wen
ken



fen |

- » “eg
: let
| eet





net
wet

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

LESSON 8.
win fit
dim hit
him. kit
rim jit
dip nit
hip pit
_kip sit
ip tit
nip wit
_Fip fix
sip rib
tip his

LESSON 9.
set bug
get dug
jet hug
yet mug
yes — rug
web tug
wed pun
wen fun
end tun
elm sun
elk run
ebb pun





> he fe.
bar
tar
jar
are
art
ark
arm

jam

ham

dam.
ram -

and

tub
ton
but

' cut
run
cub
cob

cog

coy.
boy
hoy.

toy

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

LESSON 10.

ash ale
ask age
adz ape
has ace
gab __sate
rab —s ake
-dab ——_—ibay.
abb. day
ann gay
lax "hay
tax lay
wax jay
LESSON 11.
mob ode
mop low
oneé won
ore was
mow wad
tow war .
bow —s saw
own raw
doe... gaw.
woe naw
oak. law
oar Maw




oer

12 + +CHAMBER’S PRIMER.
| LESSON 12

A new hat for a 7006 boy;
‘The best boy is to get it. He

will take the most care of it.é

_ The pig is to be fed. .

It runs at our call, .

* Ahive of Bees. We were
at the hive and saw the
bees. ; How fast they fly!
.. A fat Steer, for beef.
~ See how he holds up his
head, and looks at us.

A grand House to live in. ga

Tt is our home. We live Hy
hap-py in it. jSweet home !e&
_ Anew rush seat Chair, §
for one of us to sit on, by the















= ney’
i e vi th
x
‘












Soe

fe
Bae ge?

a!

ne it Le
oe





fire. Here itis. Sit down
~on it, and be still.
eK "

The Cow can eat hay, B
and I can give it to her. 3%
She gives us good milk.



.. The Plow is to cut
‘and turn the sod. ij




“kay

The Stage sphch is dawn by hors-
It runs ve-ry fast, and we can

es.

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

Stage Coach.

. Deh
Se

EP
fae ae

N



ride in it, 1f we wish to.

dry
ply
pry
eye

Best
rest
jest
west
fist

- hist
mist

. rust

_ must
dust



LESSON 15. |
dye ire pea
rye ice tea
fie use fee
lie due see .

LESSON 14, |
belt bale ride
pelt dale trot
felt sale trap
welt male send
wilt tale side x

milt line . mend
mint fine @- tend,.
dint mine _— lend ~
lint sine rend
tils wine wend

ee RE ee eS ee ee eee




TNC, OS ee Oe Vee ene ee Oa PRL ee eet Ady Fs oO eo
- - si i a
‘ PS eA
: . =







CHAMBERS’ PRIMER,





14
LESSON 15.

hand _spole bare cork
band hole fare fork
sand rose mare cord
land nose dare “loek
lamp hose __hare dock
damp bone ware rock
camp cone tare mock
vamp zone bake — bond
fang hone lake fond |
hang pope -make from —
pang pore rake. _— frog
gang pose sake shop

LESSON 16.

Salt _—_ reel boon _—_.-: cook
halt ‘das, feel soon nook
malt keel noon rook |
want meek boot root.
fall meet = root rood
tall feet noon mood
ball deep foot room
call deer tool coom
hall —- reed fool coop
mall _ seed soot sood
pall. seen _— pool cool
wall seem § doom loom


y







spare

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. | 15
__ LESSON 17. *
rust slug — chin this
lust snug grin with
bust smug shin fist
must slut spin mist
gust snub _—_—s twin list
busk club brim slip
dusk drub skim trip
husk stub trim ship
rusk drum swim — clip.
mush grum shim ship
drug scum milk thin
plug crum wing wilt
LESSON 18.
brace drake biame state
brave _ flake flame skate
blade slake frame brace —
spade snake shame shave
space spake _ crane shade
trace shake crape share
chase frame — shape __ slave
grade blame flare waste |
grave flame scare blaze |
trade shame share glaze
stage _ stale snare graze
chafe scale paste




Neen eee a al iesteiiaamnnnteerietnendieni pte arate —
acre en cece =
ae ae ; SABA Rew ee a

ed

—

ee anes

16 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.







LESSON 19.
Boy.
2 é
a

A good boy will hurt no onein his
play, if he can help it; no, he will

_ not try to vex any one. He will go

and do as he was bid.

‘Boys must cut and saw wood, and:
et chi ips for the fre. They must
bring the Cow, and give her salt,
and feed, and then go to school.

Boys must learn to plow and hoe, to

lant and sow, to reap and mow, and
lay up grain and fruit, and stuif to
gat and wear, in the tume of need,



“dh nice: Saddle’ fhire.the- eee
boy to put on his colt, sol i c
an go mary » when he sides aa

. %





‘ tal oe
"LO ey oe
ay j
v



£

RR Ae RNAS RRA RNC ATRL AS PREP LE I OLE PIE a ELE
A

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 1?

—





LESSON 20.

Girls must sweep the floor, and
fix the fire, brush the dust, milk the
cow, set the table, wash the dishes,
and go to school, and learn to read.

Girls must learn to spin, and sew,
and knit, and wash and iron, and
make beds, and brush down spider
webs; and to bake and cook, and —
take care of the e ouse.

Girls must pick peas and beans for
din-ner; they must save the seeds of
plants to raise more, next year.









Anew Bonnet for the [ ‘ Nini
best girl. She may put it Ms
on to go to school, and “SS

when she goes to see her aunt.

The sweet Rose.
It grows in the gar-
den, and at the sides *
of the walks and al-
leys. It is oft-en Sprit
used in a wreath. .—@=
Ithas a good smell, @” @
even after it is dead. rr






of owe

18 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER,
| LESSON 21.
brick . split ching churn
chick — quilt bring spurn
stick swiit thing plump
thick shift which stump
trick drift midst burnt
drink crisp twist burst
flint strip slink blunt
stint scrip cling ___ stunt —
prmt brisk chink __ stuff
stnk sprig smith — blush
-elnk _ sling fling brush
think sting twink — crush
LESSON 22.

Fens

F A new Shoe. em.

i A Book to read. We a
- must take it and go’ to Ay
school, and learn to read. S85




; Watch to tell
the time of day. Tat

r £ jf * . >
2 Arr Ps " i
BS ae ot nN me
ane~ ieee SS wy
= iu | s ot =
SRE Peake Be a AS
nart can Saag. WSN
en A po pi Sant
aa ee ae. . ME Gp
e . . ee ae i
oo mae <= > ot ta ITs s
nie a a in OD

. tell the time by it.



be




CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. | 19





LESSON 23.
A



- “The Sow feeds on corn, slop, and ~

- grass. Hogs also feed on nuts and

roots. ‘They are also fond of flesh,
and have been known to de-vour
lambs and fowls, and e-ven babes.
‘Their flesh is call-ed pork. ‘Their
fat is call-ed lard. a



Steam gases

_ has with-in it-self, that which moves |
it. The two a are be-hind, —

are for peo-ple to mde in, and may -

be drawn by horses or by steam.






- shout
— loud
flour
: sour
_ cloud
— found
house

. - mouse

| pound

round










diet

| | ground

mound
growl
noise
voice
moist
spoil
brow —

bo
gol

~ coil
louse

| LESSON 24.
sound

change
Strange
strand
stripe
stride

strike
strife —
bright

praise
please
charge

cheese

LESSON 25.

“ony
poet
su et

te 2 |
tiny
va ry
re al

oy dy er

mi Fry
fu my
pi ca

al um




throne
breath
health
smooth
shroud
whence
prince
George

throat

should
eaught
taught

bi as
he ro
so fa
ti dy
ba by

| Tha zy

WA ry
fu ry

ee PY

du ly
la va
OX €f
“A
ae]
A







CHAMBERS’ PRIMER, 2h
_ LESSON 26. :
Two Sheep, '



backs, And men take sharp shears,
made for that use, and clip it off.
‘Then it is spun, and wove, and dyed,
and fulled; then it is called cloth.
After this be all done, it must be
made into clothes for us to wear.

LESSON 27.



Father has ta good milk cow, |

_ And she hasa fine young calf, now: _

a She is tame, she is mild and kind;
And soon the calf, her milk will find.








a

Me is



pt
Bs











22 CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.
2 LESSON: 28,
i lot le gal am ber
ri der re gal ad der
vi tal’ fe ver ac tor
final. ba ker an gle
bs _ i pen. ca pex an ger
vi per. pa per af ter.
* tiger ta per en ter
bi ped. ra ker el der
cd bel ma ker ex ist
rival. fa tal ru ler
vi tal to tal so ber
tu. ip ja cob. to ken
LESSON 29,.
bri er ~ sha dy cam e}.
‘ a eri er. cra zy cab in
_ for ty cru el. cav il
stony gruel hab it
story mel on rab id
> tral dra ma rap id
gio ry tri al liv id»
sol i smo ky lim it
ol sto ny eiv il
nev er sto ry vis ta
iv cr glo ry villa
gi gat in viv id


keep the bank up. Next, we place

” lit-tle streams we sec. —













CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. * 23
eames

LESSON 30.



To build a ‘war we first hapa to
dig a great, round hole, in the earth,
till the wat-er springs up. This hole
is made a-bout six feet wide.. Then
we build a wall round, in-side of it, to

on the curb, studs, wind-lass, ropeand
buck-et, to draw wat-er with. a

We have to dig wells in the earth, —
when we want wat-er where there
are no springs. a

Wat-er may be had in al-most eve | 4
ery place, by dig-ging deep e-nough ; ‘a
aa there are many springs run-ning
uin-der the sur-face of the i kas, a


Reeacageianeaceaich autkwanegthakateibaincksaad

| CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

Some wells have pumps in them.
With the pump we force wat-er out
of the well. ‘There are ma-ny kinds
of pumps and oth-cr en-gines for
rais-ing wat-er. The pump is saf-
er and eas-i-er to raise wat-er with.
than a draw-weil.





| LESSON 31.
bon net _ barrel car pet
bor der » bar ter bet. ter
corner __ bas ket fen der
cop per bat ter fen nel

; tafen . art ful fes ter
_ fodder . _ ban ter mel Jon

LESSON 32.
steam Boat. -

a ges.
<= Spee




, s 3
7 ft Fe Ss
a) Ce ee aes are i en 49
ist) —~ -~o = A SES
) \eitaE gel 11 bey
e ( RENT ER ee Loe ecko =
4 & @ e ‘t on
ese ty : res aa
Ree Se SS =e
ee a x =
Get 2 eo ee
ai mes: Fees cor emer a

Steam Boats are large ves-sels, built to

ply on lakes, riv-ers, and sea coasts. Their

speed is e-qual to that of a swift horse. Some

of them ply day and night, and make voy-

| a-ges of ma-ny hun-dreds of miles, Grain,

and flour, and ali kinds of goods and wares,
\ are tak-en from one port to an-other, in them. .

i

4






fif ty
fit ly
sil ly
tip sy
wit ty
dit ty
dim ly
fun ny
hur ry
‘Inus ty
per ry
pup py

fet ter
lit ter
lin net
bat ten
car rot
hap py
mal let
doc tor
dif fer.
bit ter
bal Jad
par rot

LESSON 33
per ry
pet ty
fer ty
ral ly
tal ly
riv et
bet ty
nev er
sev er
mer ry
fer ry”

gip sy

LESSON 34.

mas ter
tan ner
car rot

pen cil

mil ler |
mit ten
pil fer
for age
ches nut
but ton :
but ter
dam sel.



- CHAMBERS’ PRIMER.

fiend

berry =. |

‘gal lon






















23

man ly —
fan cy |
han dy
hap py
ph er
car ry
car go

pen ny *-4
petty
reb el
‘dit to

tru ant
tru ly

hor net

fro zen

bun dle
can dle”
cra dle
con fer

gal lop



y
fa

oF
AAG
: on
ce

Pi far mer
F 4 cum ber
Ls gum mer
mus ter
utter.
‘mur der
© gun ner_
num ber
' din ner
_ hap pen
ren der




. fath er
har vest
| mandate
| in mate—
tes tate
} ser vant
— @©>. cur rent ©
} ur gent
‘- instant



shel ter

CHAMBERS’ PRIMER,

LESSON 35.

mar ket
buf fet

hin der

cor net
tur nip
sil ver
fin ish
lad der
lin net
lim. ber
mod est
ren net
LESSON 36
seg ment
flip pant
chap ter
chap let
um pire
flan nel
orav el
stag nate

_ stag nant

em blem
tram el



tem per

rud: der

hut meg.

lum ber
mem ber
pan nel
ham let
hel met —
ram mer
ran dom
gen der

PoP Te

tan gent
clem ent

turn pike

shil ling
bles sing
her ring
slen der

spav in

slum ber
but ment.
clus ter

shat ter
\



CHAMBERS’ PRIMER. 27

LESSON 37.
fees collect wax and honey ;
Men collect wealth in money.
Birds collect and build their nests on trees, — |
While Fish live in the rivers and seas. |

The candle’s to give us light,
_ While we do our work at night.



acom even egress ivy
»adorn evil. i tem 1 cy
& loft e dith 1 ron o val
a cre e dict idle 0 ral
awent egret’. irs 4-0 Very]
LESSON 38. 4
a go _a base amuse |
: a bode a bate a buse
a dore amaze e lude:
a lone a wake e vade
a tone a way e late’
a fore a pace e rase
a rose a gain e duce
a quose a gainst a bide |
a woke a main a like
_asilope © amate -—_ a. rise
a row a wait we dileg: &
- 8 lope aware = opine 4






c See
LESSON 39
yam ity an nu al no ta ry
) ag ony ac tu al no ti fy
diary ar te ry oc cu py
a en e my bo re as pu ri fy
pe” ele gy: cu po la pu ri ty
| folio cu ra cy lu na cy
_ irony ge ni al ‘pi ra cy.
i dv ry ge ni us po et ry ~
Opium ja ni or in jury
piety la bi al vo ta ry
o,f LESSON 40.
‘me te or violet. decency
- se ni or violent sla ve ry
- gavory violate soberly
pa ci fy vacancy fi na} ly
- rarity di a per to tal ly
ga vory totalty curious
ca pias li a ble age ri fy
ca ve at lu na tic u ti ful
la i ty ha ble va ri Ous
| warily locally vacancy
_ pa pa cy funeral _—_sa pi ent
.. tutelar _—pa tri ot

CHAMBER s? PRIMER.









CHAMBERS’ PRIMBR. 29



~—-

bo tan ic.
co hab it

ap par el
in hab it

or gan ic |

to bac co

un hap py
a ban don
ex am ine
es tab lish
sa tan ick
a quat ick

in ju ry
id i ot
11 1 om
m di go
in te oer
m ju ry
in fi del
in fan cy
in fa my
im pe tus
im pe ous
in do lent

LESSON 41,
di rect ly
of fend er
of fen sive
sur ren der
tor ment or
for get ful
dis cred it
di lem ma
al ter nate
pa ter nal
pa thet ick
ap pen dix
LESSON 42.
im i tate
In ter val
im i tate
in di cate
in di gent
in no cent
in so lent
it er ant

it er ate.
in vo cate
in ti mate
in fi nite

un wil ling
vin dic tive
con sid er
in sip id
pro hib it
de liv er
dis til ler
im bit ter
dis fig ure

diminish
im prison =~

e nig ma

ir ri tate
ir ri gate
in no vate
his to ry -
dim i ty
dig ni ty
dig ni
fit eth,

fish e ry

pit i ful
vine gar
Visitor -,






LESSON 43.



ad mon ish
al lot ment

re sol vent

re spon sive
b re spon dent
i im mod est

. im con stant
un com mor
un con star
un trod den
un spot ted
de mon strate

a base ment
a bate ment
dis. grace ful:
trans pa rent
un grate ful
po ma tum
ap pa rent
trans la tor: :
un sta ble &
ver ba tim
ad ja cent
nar ra tor.

ee LESSON. 44,.



One :

Two

Three
Four
Five
Six
sev en
Eight
Nine —
‘Ten



14.
tT?’
13

14
1d
16

ay
18
19.
20

ve lev ew

‘Twelve
Thir teen.
Four teen
Fif teen

Six teen
Sev en teen:
Eigh teen
Nine teea

_ Twen ty.











MULTIP



LICATION TABLE.







three times! four times|five times |six times {seven times
1 make 38} 1 make 4| 1 make 5! 1 make ( 1 make 7
2 €} 2 8; 2 12) 2 414
3 ‘9! 3 121 3 18] 3 Q1
4: je4 16| 4 24) 4 28
5.0 MEO 5 20| 5 80} 5 i 35
6, ‘18| 6 2416 | 36] 6 42
7 aif 7 agi7â„¢ 42| 7 49
28 24} 8 $2 8 48| 8 56
9 a 9 ee 63
10 60:10 70
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1 make 9 i make | ro 1 make 11} 1 make 12
2 Q2| 2 24

7 : hs $3| 3 36

86! 4 4 44\ 4 48

45; 5 5 “ 55) 5 60

54) 6 6 66; 6 72
63; 7 7 7717 84

72| 8 8 88) 8 96

81) 9 9 99; 9 108

90/10 100}i 110;)10 — 420

99/11 110/11 121;114 132

108/12 12012 132112



nine times

8! 1 make







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