Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The cuckoo
 The blind rat
 The intelligent squirrel
 Instinct of plants
 The ventriloquist
 The world is round
 The inside of the world
 Mother of pearl - Signs of the...
 The deaf and dumb boy - Insects...
 Pearl divers
 A hermitage
 Curious show at Venice
 Ant hills & c
 An island from the sea
 Another story of wolves
 The Indians
 Warming a handkerchief
 Cat and rat
 Bird's nest
 The snow storm
 Dogs are astronomers
 A Newfoundland dog
 Kindness of women
 Real charity
 Patriotic generosity
 Youthful heroism
 True generosity
 Anecdote of Lord Digby
 A child's estimate of honor
 Affection of a dog
 Kindness of heart
 Royal charity
 Heroic kindness
 The coventry loaf
 Importance of punctuality
 True politeness
 Disinterested affection
 Domestic affection of Racine
 The blind tailor
 An honest tradesman
 Colors for mourning
 Musical imitation
 Dr. Franklin's last words
 Aged ignorance
 A poetic schoolmaster
 Absence from home
 A college library - A father's...
 Eloquence of Whitfield
 Swedish children
 Youthful heroism
 Washington's body-guard
 Importance of personal neatnes...
 Conjugal affection

Group Title: Peter Parley's book of anecdotes : illustrated by engravings.
Title: Peter Parley's book of anecdotes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00002764/00001
 Material Information
Title: Peter Parley's book of anecdotes illustrated by engravings
Alternate Title: Parley's anecdotes
Physical Description: 144 p. : ill. ; 15 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Goodrich, Samuel G ( Samuel Griswold ), 1793-1860
Applegate & Co ( Publisher )
Publisher: Applegate & Co.
Place of Publication: Cincinnati
Publication Date: 1853, c1835
Copyright Date: 1835
Subject: Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Animals -- Folklore -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Children's stories -- 1853   ( lcsh )
Embossed cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1853   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1853
Genre: Children's stories   ( lcsh )
Embossed cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Ohio -- Cincinnati
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002764
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002235581
oclc - 41484929
notis - ALH6042
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Table of Contents
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    The cuckoo
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    The blind rat
        Page 16
        Page 17
    The intelligent squirrel
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Instinct of plants
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    The ventriloquist
        Page 23
        Page 24
    The world is round
        Page 25
        Page 26
    The inside of the world
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Mother of pearl - Signs of the zodiac
        Page 30
        Page 31
    The deaf and dumb boy - Insects and birds
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Pearl divers
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    A hermitage
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Curious show at Venice
        Page 45
    Ant hills & c
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    An island from the sea
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Another story of wolves
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    The Indians
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Warming a handkerchief
        Page 63
    Cat and rat
        Page 64
        Page 65
    Bird's nest
        Page 66
        Page 67
    The snow storm
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
    Dogs are astronomers
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
    A Newfoundland dog
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
    Kindness of women
        Page 87
    Real charity
        Page 88
    Patriotic generosity
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Youthful heroism
        Page 91
        Page 92
    True generosity
        Page 93
        Page 94
    Anecdote of Lord Digby
        Page 95
        Page 96
    A child's estimate of honor
        Page 97
    Affection of a dog
        Page 98
        Page 99
    Kindness of heart
        Page 100
        Page 101
    Royal charity
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
    Heroic kindness
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
    The coventry loaf
        Page 110
        Page 111
    Importance of punctuality
        Page 112
        Page 113
    True politeness
        Page 114
    Disinterested affection
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
    Domestic affection of Racine
        Page 118
        Page 119
    The blind tailor
        Page 120
        Page 121
    An honest tradesman
        Page 122
        Page 123
    Colors for mourning
        Page 124
    Musical imitation
        Page 125
        Page 126
    Dr. Franklin's last words
        Page 127
    Aged ignorance
        Page 128
        Page 129
    A poetic schoolmaster
        Page 130
        Page 131
    Absence from home
        Page 132
        Page 133
    A college library - A father's regret
        Page 134
    Eloquence of Whitfield
        Page 135
        Page 136
    Swedish children
        Page 137
    Youthful heroism
        Page 138
        Page 139
    Washington's body-guard
        Page 140
    Importance of personal neatness
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
    Conjugal affection
        Page 144
Full Text

= A BUO- ?re c.






trel acco to act o C e, i the yr 8, t 0.
GooiPcs, ja dig Clearis Ofcof the Dimtenot Court of .ho DkWIt
of Manacnau..


AN anecdote is a little story of an event,
or incident, that has happened in the life of
some person. This is the proper signification
of the word, but it is often applied to incidents
relating to animals. Thus, we sometimes say,
anecdotes of dogs, of horses, &c. Now in
this little book, I have collected short stories,
not only of persons, but of other things, and
I venture to call it a book of Anecdotes.
If you think that some of my stories about
cuckoos, and cats, and dogs, should not be
called Anecdotes, I will. not dispute the mat-
ter with you; I hope, however, that you will
like the stones, let the proper title of the
book be what it may. I have collected these
things from various sources with the hope
that I may give you some new ideas, commu-
nicate some useful knowledge, and make you
better understand and more deeply feel the

beauty of truth, kindness, charity, courage,
generosity, and other virtues I have written
the book to do you good, and at all events to
give you pleasure.
I have told the stories, generally, as if
the persons, to whom they relate, told them
themselves. When therefore, the book says
"I once saw a cat," &c. you must not con-
sider old Peter Parley as speaking of what
happened to himself; but you must consider
the tale as related by some other person.
Now my little reader, having told you these
things, let me entreat you, to try to find
something good in each one of these little
stories. I commend to you the example of
the bee. He goes about among the flowers
of all kinds, the roses, the thistles, the honey-
suckles, the nettles, &c. Some of these
might seem rather disagreeable things to deal
with, but the bee is a good fellow, and in the
very midst of evil, he is seeking for good.
He seeks honey wherever he goes, anm what
he seeks, he finds. Go thou, my young

friend, and do likewise Read this book,
and whether the tale be pleasing or otherwise,
look for the true meaning-look for the good
-look for the honey, and you will find it.
And not only follow this plan in reading this
book, but let it be the rule of your life!
To make you remember this the better, I
will tell you a sort of fable, of a bee and a
squash-bug. There was once a very beauti-
ful rose in a garden, and so full was it of sweet
fragrance, that it scented the air all around.
The bee was charmed as he lighted upon the
rose, and began to sip the honey from the
heart of the flower. But pretty soon he
smelt something very disagreeable. So he
crawled over another leaf, and there he found
a squash-bog, sipping about at a great rate.
"Pray what are you doing there?" said
the bee. "I am feasting on the rose," said
the squash-bug. "Feasting on the rose!"
said the bee in great wonder 4 "is it possible
that you can find any thing in this sweet
flower that makes your breath smell so bad

I had supposed there was nothing but fra-
grance in a rose."
"You find yourself mistaken," said the
bug. You look only for honey, and there-
fore you find only sweet things. hate honey,
and sweet odors, and so I go about seeking
for things of a different flavor. I seek only
for things, that to you and other people, have
a bad smell; and wherever I go, whether to
a rose, or a lily, or a honeysuckle, I always
can find what I want."
So the squash-bug crawled away, and the
bee was glad of it, for the creature was so
ugly, and gave such a bad smell to every
thing around, that the bee was nearly sick.
Now there are some people like the bee,
always looking out for good and pleasant
things, and they are ever successful. There
are others, who are like the squash-bug, al-
ways trying to pick up something disagree-
able, and they are sure to find it. Now my
little Reader, will you imitate the bee or the
squash-bug ?





- -
* -
- -
* -a
* -

* *


ANT HILLS, c. .-





8 8 p


----9. 7


. 103





I remember when I was a child that I used
to be much amused by a clock which I saw
at an old lady's house where I visited. Every
hour a little door flew open near the face of the
clock, and a bird appeared, crying cuckoo"
just as many times as the hour was to strike;
it then disappeared and the door closed. The
bird went by the name of the cuckoo; but it
was not till long after, that I learnt there were
really living birds by that name, and now I
am going to tell what I know about them.
When the cuckoo is going to lay her eggs,
she does not make a nest as most birds do,
but finds out some other bird's nest, generally
Very small one, perhaps a linnet's or a wood-

lark's; she then lays her eggs and goes off
The little bird to whom the nest belongs,
comes and sits upon the cuckoo's eggs with
her own; nothing can exceed the care with
which she nurses them and keeps them warm.
Presently the young birds break the shell and
come through, and then the poor nurse finds
what traitors she has been cherishing; for the
cuckoos are so much stronger and larger than
her own little birds, that they push them out of
the nest, and become masters of it. Now I
dare say you feel very angry with the cuckoo,
who does not take care of her own offspring;
but in all cases we must try to see the best, as
well as the worst, of things. Naturalists, or
those who study the formation of animals, say
that this bird is made different from other birds.
That is, its stomach and organs of digestion are
so situated that they cannot set upon their eggs
as long as is necessary to hatch them without

great pain and perhaps loss of life; whereas
the stomach and intestines of most birds are so
situated as to make it easy and natural for
them. Thus then you see that this bird is in
reality providing for its young when it seems
to be wholly neglecting them ; it puts them out
to nurse, because it cannot nurse them itself.
It is certainly very naughty in the young
cuckoos to turn their foster-brothers and sisters
out of the nest, but we must remember they
have only instinct, not reason. Nowthe differ-
ence between instinct and reason is very great.
All animals have more or less of instinct, and
this is given them to preserve their lives and
provide for their young. Reason is given us
to teach us the difference between right and
wrong; very young children know it is wang
to take away each other's play-things; when
they do, they must remember they are acting
like the cuckoo, without the cuckoo's excuse

I will tell you another story which I believe
is correct, because the gentleman who told it
was never known to tell an untruth. It is a
proof of the extraordinary instinct of some
animals, and 1 will give you his own words.
When I was first surgeon's mate, I was
reading in my berth, when I heard a scratch-
ing between the binding and side of the ship,
which continuing for some time, I supposed to
proceed from rats. There was a hole about
two feet from my berth which was occasioned
by a plank's being purposely removed. I
looked directly at that hole, and sure enough
I saw a rat come cautiously forward. He
looked all around-I kept perfectly still, and
he did not appear to regard me. After sur-
veying the place he disappeared. I rill sat

perfectly quiet; presently the same rat return-
ed, leading by the ear another rat whom he
left at a small distance from the hole through
which they entered; a third rat now joined
them, and they began to hunt about for food.
I observed that the rat that was led in by the
ear did not move from the place where it had
been left. The two last picked up small
pieces of biscuit that had been scattered on
the floor, and carried to the second rat, who
remained quite still, I now perceived that
he was blind, and very glad of the food they
brought him. I had before a great aversion
to a rat, but immediately concluded that these
two who fed the blind one were his offspring;
I therefore forgot my aversion and looked on
with wonder and delight. Suddenly some-
body came running down the ladder; the rats
with vety little ceremony pushed their blind
parent before them into the hole and followed

after, leaving me lost in astonishment at their
surprising instinct.

I once had a squirrel that I became very
fond of; I used to shut it up in a little cham-
ber, the door of which had a wooden latch.
Several times I went to visit my little pet and
found the door opera and the animal in the
open garret; I made many inquiries of the
family, and accused them of opening the
door; they all denied it. At length I began
to suspect who was the one. I seated my-
self very still, and watched patiently for an
hour without moving; at length the squirrel
gave a sudden spring, and placed its head di-
rectly under the wooden latch; it yielded and
rose up, the door opened, and the little pris-

owner was free. Now was it not surprising
that the squirrel should have observed that by
lifting the latch, the door would come open ?

Even plants, and trees, and flowers, have
their instincts; if you put a plant in a dark
cellar where there is a ray of light, it will grow
towards it. There are many trees whose
leaves turn their glossy faces away from the
storm. it you observe the poplar tree, when
a shower comes the leaves seem to be all the
wrong side outwards. They are as cunning
as we are; we turn our handsome garments
when we are caught in a shower, and present
the most ordinary side to the rain. If you
observe the stem of the poplar leaf, you will
find it is flattened, and that enables it to turn

thus easily. The stems of all the leaves that
move so continually on the trees, are flattened
in the same way, and the slightest breath of
wind gives them a trembling motion. When
you walk in the woods you must look for the
aspen tree.
There are a great many very curious plants.
Have you ever seen the Sarracenia,or side-sad-
dle flower? I don't know why they call it the
side-saddle flower; they might much better
call it the cup flower, for its leaves form quite
a large cup; the top of the leaf is something
like the spout to a pitcher; indeed the whole
leaf may be very well compared to a pitcher.
It is said the Indians use it often for a drink-
ing cup; the flower is very curious, and when
you understand botany some one will describe
it to you, nd in the season of them will find you
one. They grow in low marshy places round
Boston; the first I ever saw was in Andover.

There is a still more wonderful plant called
the Nessentheo; it grows in India, and the
Indian name is Auramatico. It has cups and
a cover to them, and they are filled with pure
sweet water. Now, in hot climates, travel-
lers and cattle often suffer very much from
thirst, and when they find this plant they
drink from the cups which they find ready fll-
ed. You will ask who filled them ?" and
I will ask in return who made them ? Who
formed the flower with its beautiful colors, and
gave it its pleasant odors? I have but one
answer; our Father in Heaven! He has sup-
plied the plant with glands, and these cups are
large vessels which collect the water that runs
through them. The cup is at the end of the
leaf; when it is full, it droops over a little,
and if it were not for the cover, the water
would be spilled. At length the cover begins
to pen, and in the end, the weight of the

water bears down the vessel and it runs out.
Here again we see the wisdom of the con-
trivance, for if the cup had not some way of
emptying itself, and did not chance to find
a thirsty traveller, the water would become
very bad.

Here is an advertisement of a ventriloquist!
tot do you know what a ventriloquist is ? It is
a person who has not only the faculty of imitat-
ing voices, but making them appear to come
from any persons or places he chooses. This
is not a very common art, nor generally pos-
sessed in a very eminent degree. It would
be unfortunate if it were, for wicked ventrilo-
quists might make their fellow creatures very
miserable and occasion a great deal of trouble.

I will tell you an instance. A man was go-
ing through the crowded streets of London
with a large load of hay; all at once a voice
was heard coming from under the hay, as of a
boy half suffocated, begging and imploring to
be released, for he could not live much longer
in that situation! The crowd collected around,
and the man was obliged to stop. They ac-
cused him of having secreted a boy among
the hay; but he solemnly denied the charge.
Again the groans and sobs were heard, and
the people became furious and finally compel-
led the man to unload his cart. After a strict
examination they could find no boy, nor any
human being, and they permitted the man to
reload it again and go on. He quietly pro-
ceeded to the next street, when suddenly the
screams and distressed sobs of the boy, were
again heard. A new set of people had now
collected, and insisted on the man's unloading

his cart; he was almost in despair, but was
obliged to obey the multitude. The search
turned out the same as before, and it was at
last discovered that it was all a deception
practised by a ventriloquist. I am sure you
will agree with me, that this was a very unfair
trick upon the poor teamster.
It is probable this art may he in a degree,
acquired by great labor, because jugglers often
possess it. It is said to be done by drawing
the air into the lungs, and speaking inwardly.
It is surprising how much more pains and la-
bor men will go through to earn money in this
way, than by respectable industry.

Children often get false notions when they
are young, and grow quite big before they deo


teet them. I understood when I was small
that the world was round. My dear good
grandmother used to tell me so, and take her
black velvet pin-ball which hung at her side
by its silver chain, to represent the world; it
was an excellent lesson,for she turned it on its
own axis just as we are told the world turns,
in order to make night and day. The sun was
always represented by her left hand, and she
carried it round to show what made the year;
the silver rim round the pin-ball answered ad-
mirably for the equator. All this was excel-
lent, but then she told me the pin-ball repre-
sented the world in which we lived. I there-
fore very naturally concluded that we lived
inside, and were shut up as snug as an apple
in a dumpling.
When I grew bigger, I began to be perplex-
ed about the matter, and at last discovered
that we lived on the outside of the world, in

stead of in it; then I was equally perplexed to
find out why every thing did not fall off; why
the rivers and oceans and people kept their
places; this first taught me what was meant
by the laws of attraction. All this you will
learn in time. I have asked many quite large
children and found they had the same idea,
that we lived inside of the world and not
on the outside of it.

Some author observes that it is surprising
we should build such monuments on the
earth as the tower of Babel, and the pyramids
of Egypt, and that our curiosity has never led
us to dig deep into the centre of the earth.
He thinks the world has never been dug to
the depth of a league perpendicular, and if it

had been, it would be little more than scratch.
ing it. The highest mountains bear not so
great a proportion to this prodigious mass of
matter of which the earth is composed, as
warts do to our bodies.

Most young people have heard of the game
of chess, but perhaps few know how ancient
it is. It is said to have been invented in
India, early in the sixth century. The Chi-
nese call it the game of the Elephant, and
may they had it from the Indians in 537. The
Arabians say that the Persians taught it to
them. With the Arabians it came into Spain,
from Spain to France, and by the French it
was brought in the eleventh century to Eng-
land; from there it very naturally came to

America. It is said that Don John of Aus-
tria had a hall paved with checkers of black
and white marble, upon which living men
moved according to his direction, by the rules
of chess. A Duke of Weymar is also said to
have played chess in the same manner with
living soldiers.

Pearls are highly valued and cost a great
deal; they are found mostly in the East In-
dian oyster-shells; though they adorn fair
ladies, they are caused by a distemper in the
oyster, which produces this hard, white, shin-
ing body, usually round.
They are sometimes found in the common
oyster shell, the mussel and several others.
An oyster-man once told me he found two or

three in the course of a year. Philip II. of
Spaiur had a pearl of the size of a pigeon's
egg. All pearls are formed of the matter of
shell, and consist of a number of coats, one
spread over the other like the several coats
of an onion.

What is called mother of pearl, is not of the
pearl oyster, but of another sea-fish of the oys-
ter kind. On the inside it is white and smooth
like pearl, but the outside must be cleared by
aquafortis before it looks polished and white.

The Japanese, who live on some Asiatic
Islands, give the following names to the twelve

signs of the Zodiac. The first they call the rat;
the second the cow; the third the tiger; the
fourth the bare; the fifth the dragon; the
sixth the serpent; the seventh the horse; the
eighth the sheep; the ninth the ape, the
tenth the cock; the eleventh the dog; and
the twelfth the bear.
The Emperor was born under the eleventh
sign, the dog; consequently he had a great
fondness for the animal, and he published an
edict in which he ordered that all the dogs
that died within his dominions should be car-
ried to the top of a mountain, and be there
buried with great ceremony. An infirm old
man lost a large noble dog; it weighed almost
as much as himself, but he was obliged to toil
up the mountain with it. On his way he could
not refrain from murmuring at his burden; be
thankful, said his neighbor, that it is no
worse; the Emperor might have been born

under the sign of a horse, which would have
been far heavier to carry. There is scarcely
any trouble that comes upon us that might not
have been greater, and this is the view we
ought to take of our afflictions.

A boy who was born deaf and dumb was one
day asked in writing, why he thought he was
made deficient in some of the faculties given
to other people. He burst into tears, but
took his pencil and wrote, "Even so Father it
seemeth good in thy sight."

The warm climates, or what is called the
torrid zone, are infested with insects. In

Ceylon the scorpions are sometimes found
more than eight inches long; there are spiders,
too, with legs four inches long, and bodies
covered with thick black hair.
The birds of Ceylon are endowed with in-
stinct suited to their necessities; if they built
their nests in the same manner as ourbirds, they
would be exposed to constant danger. Those
of the lesser species who cannot defend them-
selves if they are invaded, suspend their nests at
the extreme branches of trees, because Provi-
dence has given them instinct, to avoid the
snakes that twine up the bodies of the trees,
and apes and monkeys, that are perpetually in
search of prey. Heaven instructs them to
elude the gliding of the one, and the activity
of the other. They are obliged to use great
ingenuity in placing their little brood out of
the reach of an enemy. Some species form
their nests in the shape of a purse, very deep,

and with a small opening at the top, and
others still more cautious, form them with an
entrance at the bottom, and have a lodge for
their young at the top.
The most remarkable bird that I have
heard of, is the tailor bird. It seems to be
more cautious than any of the others ; it will
not trust its nest even to the extreme top of
a slender twig, but fixes it to the leaf. It
picks up a dead leaf, and strange as it may
seem, sews it to the side of a living one, its
slender bill being the needle, and its thread,
some fine fibres; the lining, consists of
feathers, gossamer, and down. Its eggs are
white; the color of the bird light yellow; its
.ength three inches; its weight only three six-
eenths of an ounce, so that the materials of the
nest, with the bird in it, are not likely to draw
down even this slight habitation.

At the same place where the tailor-bird
builds its nest, in Ceylon, there are pearl-fish-
ers. These are men that dive down to the
bottom of the sea to find the oysters which
contain the pearls. Now there are a great
many sharks in the water, and as is natural,
the fisers are afraid of them; and what do
you think they do to preserve themselves
from them ? They go to some ignorant man
who calls himself a conjuror. He stands up-
on the sea-shore and mutters something to
himself, which he tells the divers will make
the sharks afraid to bite them. In return,
they must pay him a large sum of money. But
notwithstanding all this, they are sometimes
seized by a shark, and lose an arm or a leg;
and there have been instances of a shark's

biting a man in two. They go out in boats,
and when they come to a proper spot, they
stop the boats anddive down to the bottom
of the ocean; if any one sees a shark he
gives the alarm, and the divers all hasten to
their boats and make of.

As we have spoken before of the Island of
Ceylon, it will not be amiss to say a little more
about it. It has a fine climate, and the flowers
grow there without the trouble of planting
them; every morning and evening the air is
loaded with their sweet perfume. The cin-
namon tree from which we get our spice is
plentiful there; they have the finest fruits,
and you may purchase pine-apples at a cent
apiece. You may also find topazes, garnets,

rubies and other precious stones, there. Per
haps you already wish you might go to Ceylon
and live, if all the friends you love could go with
you; but you must remember that the little
tailor-bird is obliged to stick his nest to the
end of a leaf to avoid the poisonous insects.
Which had you rather do, give up the pine-ap-
ples and flowers, and scorpions, and spiders, or
take them all together ? When we wish for
any thing we do not possess, we should think
over the matter, and perhaps we shall find
out we are better off as we are. In many
places where the climate is beautiful, and they
have fruits and flowers all the year, and no
cold weather and no snow-storms, they are so
troubled with insects that they are obliged to
put the feet of the bedstead into vessels of
water, or the people might be stung or bitten to
death while they are asleep. Then again the
little boys there, have no skating, or sliding;

.hey have no sleds because they cannot use
them. Ah, I see you would not give up our
own dear New England, for all the fruits,
flowers, and precious stones, Ceylon can of-
fer! Our Heavenly Father is bountiful to all
his creatures, and fits them for the climate in
which they are born. We need not pity
those who have less winter than we have, or
those who have more, for they all have their
own enjoyments. None can be better off
than we are, who have such a variety of sea-
sons; first we have the spring, when every
thing is unfolding; then comes the summer,
then the autumn, and then the winter. Is not
this variety pleasanter than if the season was
the same all the year round ?
People often ask us which we prefer; spring,
summer, autumn, or winter. It is very diffi-
cult to answer them, because there are a great
many pleasures in all, that we do not like to

give up; and if they lasted all the time we
might get tired of them, and want something
different. Let us therefore be thankful that
we are born where we can have a little of the
four seasons every year.

Almost all nations, let them be ever so ig-
norant, have some amongst them who are
poets. The first poetry they make is in
praise of what they see, the sun, and moon,
and stars; the trees, the flowers, and the riv-
ers. Then they begin to compare things to-
gether that are beautiful; they say that the
cheeks of a blooming young girl are like the
rose, and that her eyes are as blue as the sky.
They compare man to a tall, well formed
tree; and they go on finding out a great

many things, that at first we hardly think of
as resembling each other. When they see a
person in a passion they say he is like the
ocean in a storm. The more of these resem-
blances they find out, the better poets they
are. Children very often think when they
make rhymes, such as hat, bat, hop, top, &c.
that they are making poetry, but they are
making nothing but rhymes. It is very pleas-
ant to have rhymes at the end of every line
of poetry; but the poetry does not consist in
rhymes. I will here copy for you some
Hindoo poetry, that was translated from the
Hindoo language; perhaps it was in rhyme
before it was translated.
1. As a tree is the lord of the forest, even
so is man: his hairs are as leaves; his skin is
like the outer bark.
2. Through the skin flows blood; through
the rind of the tree sap; when a man is

wounded blood gushgs forth, as the sap from
a tree that is cut.
3. His muscles are like interwoven fibres,
the membrane round his bones is the inward
bark; his bones are as the hard pieces of
wood within; their marrow is composed of
4. Since the tree when felled, springs
again still fresher from the root, from what
root springs man when he is cut down by the
hand of death?
5. He springs no more upon earth, but he
lives with God who is perfect wisdom, perfect
6. Unveil, O thou, who art the true sun,
that face which is now hidden by a vase of
golden light, so that we may see the truth and
know our whole duty!

In the year 1703, the celebrated Addison
visited Switzerland; he thus describes a her-
mitage he went to see. It lies in the pret-
tiest solitude imaginable, amongst woods and
rocks. A hermit has lived in it for five and
twenty years. With his own hands he has
cut in the rock a little chapel, a sacnsty, a
chamber, kitchen cellar, and other conve-
niences. His chimney is carried up through
the whole rock, so that you can look up and
see the sky through it, notwithstanding the
rooms are very deep. He has cut the side
of the rock into a flat for a garden, and by
laying earth upon it, has made such a spot of
ground, that he can plant vegetables, and
many kinds of fruit in it. He one day saw a
few drops of water trickling down the rock,

he went to work to discover where they came
from, and by cutting and working on the rock,
at length opened a spring, which not only
serves him for drink, but from which he
waters his garden.

At Venice they exhibit shows in the streets ,
one is very curious.
A number of young men lay poles across each
others shoulders; then others get upon them,
and build themselves up as we do card-houses,
into a pyramid, so that you see a building of
men-sometimes four or five rows of them up
in the air, one rising above the other. The
bottom or base is composed of the largest
number; it grows smaller and smaller till you
come to the top, and then a little boy repre-

sets the point of the pyramid. This is a
very curious sight, but suddenly the little boy
leaps off, and is caught in the arms of those
below, and in the same manner one leaps off
after another, and the whole building falls to
pieces amidst the shouts and la'-'.ter of the

When I was a child I used to take great
care not to tread on the little ant hills that
lay in my path; but I did not know so much
about them then as I do now. The ants make
a straight hole about half an inch deep, and
then slope it a little on one side, where they
keep the particles of food they collect, particu-
larly corn. To prevent the corn from sprout-
ng as it does when it is planted, they bite off

the buds before they lay it up for the winter;
and to prevent it from swelling or decaying
they have another contrivance. I dare say
you have often seated yourself by an ant hill,
and watched the motions of the ants. They
always seem very busy in bringing out little
grains of dirt in their pincers, till they get a
pile all round. They let it lie till it is thorough-
ly dried by the sun, and then it is carried back
in the same way, to cover and pack their pro-
visions with.
When they go out to get food they never
return without something, and what they get
is always common stock. They are never
discouraged ; if you destroy their houses, they
immediately begin others. I am sure the
more children know of the habits of animals
and insects, the more humane and kind they
wll be. Who woutd wantonly destroy the
little being that lives, and breathes, and en-

joys life ? I hope it is from ignorance and
thoughtlessness that children are sometimes
cruel, and not from savage hard heartedness.
There are some nations who have never had
the Bible, and who are called heathens. They
believe that after we die, we come back again
to this world in the form of animals; and
they think that those who ill-treat and tor-
ment animals, will be served just the same
when they come back and take the forms of
those they have abused. This makes them
careful not to injure any animals. It seems to
be very just that a wicked, cruel, passionate
master should take the place of his horse, or
that mischievous cruel children who torment
animals or insects, should suffer in the same
way. But we who have the light of the
Scriptures, and the will of God revealed to
us, are not obliged to invent ways for Him to
punish the hard-hearted and the cruel; we

may safely trust it to him, and be certain that
He will not suffer the smallest act of cruelty to
pass unpunished.
The people who believe that we return again
to earth, in the form of animals, are very care-
ful not to injure them, as I have said, and they
certainly ought to be, for if their belief was
correct, they would not know but the animals
that are round them, may be the dear friends
they have lost. There is something that
makes us smile in the idea of turning into cats
and dogs and monkeys. This doctrine is
called Transmigration. There are a great
many stories among the East Indians founded
upon it, but we know that they are fables.
I cannot quit the subject of the treatment
of animals without a few more observations.
Children are very apt to think that animals or
insects, that are disagreeable and troublesome,
may be ill-treated. But they must remem

ber that every one of them acts according to
its natural propensities. The hungry wolf, or
ferocious cougar, is no more a proper subject
for cruelty, than the lamb or the dove. They
are the beings of God's creation, and equally
the work of his hands; and though we are
permitted to guard ourselves from injury, and
destroy them if necessary to our own safety
and comfort ; yet nothing can excuse our tor-
taring them, or feeling any spirit of revenge,
because they act according to their natures.

In theyear 1794,the inhabitants of the Island
of Tenedos in the Grecian Archipelago, were
very much alarmed in the night, by an earth-
quake. In the morning they discovered that
a small island about a mile in circumference

had risen inthe sea. In the centre there was
a smoke of a reddish hue. Several people
took a boat and went to the island; they
landed upon it, and found coral aMn shell-fish
strewed about; from the centre where the
smoke issued, there came a loud noise like
the rumbling of many wagons.

Wolves are sometimes drawn from their
forests by hunger, and approach settlements or
villages,in search of food; when that is the case
they are generally very furious. I have heard
some remarkable accounts of their attacking
people. A young nobleman was travelling in
Burgundy, in France, when he was attack-
ed by a furious wolf, of an extraordinary size.
The young man, though only twenty, possess-

ed great courage; he spurred his horse on, and
endeavored to escape; but the wolf seized
upon the horse and wounded him so badly
that he fell with his rider. The wolf then
flew at the Count; with wonderful resolution
he seized him by one of his paws, and by his
foaming tongue. After struggling a while
with the terrible creature, the tongue slipped
from his fingers, and his right thumb was bit-
ten off; notwithstanding the pain, he sprang
upon the wolf's back, and braced his knees
against his sides. Just then one or two men
with guns appeared in view; neither of them
dared to approach. Well then," said the
brave young man, fire upon us both; if you
kill me I forgive you." One of them fired;
the bullet passed through the Count's coat,
but neither he nor the animal were wounded.
The other man ventured nearer and hired
again; the wolf was mortally wounded by

this shot, and after a few plunges expired.
In this dreadful conflict the young man not
only lost his right thumb, but had his left hand
sadly torn, besides receiving other injuries.
It is pleasant to think that we have no wolves
among us.

I recollect a story of wolves that happened
long since. A woman who lived in our back
country, went on horse-back to see a friend.
When she was returning, it was towards
night, and she had quite a forest to go through.
She did not feel anxious however, because
she had frequently travelled that way alone,
without accident. It was at a time when there
was great want of food among the wolves.
When she had got into the depth of the forest,

three gaunt hungry fellows rushed from the
thicket. She whipped her horse and endeav-
ored to outride them, but they bit the heels
of the animal, and he plunged forward and
threw her off. Happily for her, the wolves
were too much engaged in their pursuit of the
horse, who probably was the most inviting
supper of the two, to turn upon the woman,
and she was left alone and defenceless. It
immediately occurred to her that when they
found they could not overtake the horse, which
she was confident they would not, they would
return to destroy her. There was only one
chance of escape, and that was to climb a
tree and get beyond their reach. This she
immediately did, and felt tolerably secure
among the branches. In a very short time,
to her dismay, she saw them returning; still
she hoped they might not discover her; but
the scent of a hungry wolf is keen; they

nade towards the tree, howling tremendous-
ly. They leapt against the trunk with fury,
but were unable to climb it, as a bear would
have done. The woman began now to feel
tolerably composed; it was not a pleasant
idea, that she might have to pass the night
there, but she was sure by morning her friends
would be alarmed and come in search of her.
While she was consoling herself with the
idea that she was beyond the reach of-her en-
emies, she all at once saw them furiously
attack the trunk of the tree with their teeth.
They gnawed near the root with the most
unwearied industry, no longer uttering their
horrible howls. All was profoundly silent
except the dreadful sound of their teeth.
The horror of the poor woman may easily be
imagined; she saw that in a short time they
would be able to cut the tree down, and that
death would then await her in the most horrid

form. The tree already trembled as the wolves
crowded against it; suddenly a shout was
heard, and in a few moments several armed
men appeared in sight. The wolves gave a
howl of disappointment and fury, and darted
into the thicket. The poor woman was taken
down from the tree almost dead with fright
The horse had made his escape, and reached
home with his heels bleeding and bitten; the
truth was conjectured by the people, and with
little hope of finding their friend alive, the
neighbors had set out in pursuit of her.

It is a rare sight now to see an Indian m
our streets; few visit us except two or three
of the Penobscot tribe, who every summer
leave their Island of Old-town, or Orono,

and sometimes come to Newburyport and en-
camp opposite the town, at Salisbury. They
are a miserable looking race, and while they
stay there, live but little better than the pigs.
They make tents of sail-cloth spread over
poles that are stuck in the ground; their tents
do not permit them to stand upright, and the
women and children sit on the ground, bent up
under them. They bring baskets for sale, and
probably carry back a little money.
Some years ago I went to Orono, but the
most respectable part of the men were ab-
sent on their annual excursion. There are
from thirty to forty wigwams and huts on the
Island, and some appearance of cultivation.
They have a rough building for a church, and
catholic priests visit them. In winter the
men hunt.
Some years ago I was at the Oneida village,
near Utica: then their chief was living; his

name was Skenondon. We called to see him;
he was seated on a platform a little raised, at
one end of the building; he was very old, and
looked venerable; his wife was much younger;
there were grand-children playing about; we
gave them some bead necklaces, with which
they were much delighted. Skenondon was
considered an excellent man; he gave the
most authentic information that could any
where be gained, of the tribes be was con-
nected with; the following is one of his
Tegonsehagea was the ancient name of
the Mohawks, which signified 'piercing
through;' they were a warlike and terrible
people, and inspired the other tribes of In-
dians with horror. About two hundred and
forty years ago, a party of Oneidas went to
make war on a village called Conetoga, now
Lancaster, in Pennsylvania. After many

fruitless attempts to surprise the Indians of
the village, their provisions being consumed,
and not daring to return to their tribe in this
state, they thought of a stratagem. They told
the besieged that they were going to bring
the Mohawks to see them. 'Before tomor-
row's setting sun, said they, we will come
back with the terrible Mohawks.' They made
great preparations for their departure, and
marched off. When they had got to a dis-
tance they encamped, and all went to work to
paint and dress themselves like the Mohawks.
The next day at the hour fixed, they re-
turned, uttering the frightful war-hoop of
the Mohawks, and speaking their language.
The terrified Conetogas surrendered at once,
and many of their warriors, women and chil-
dren were carried away prisoners. The One-
idas returned home exulting in their strata-
gem, for the glory of an Indian consists in his

cunning. Near their village were several
acres of land sacred to their dances after
gaining a victory; trenches were dug round
the place, and it was secured by palisades
Here then were the captives carried, and the
Oneidas with their wives, and corn sufficient
to last a long time, remained dancing and
capering round their devoted captives.
Suddenly a party of the deceived Coneto
gas, burning for revenge, surrounded their
settlements. For two weeks they remain
ed shooting arrows among the Oneidas, to
which they had tied pieces of burning wood.
At length the besieged offered to let them
take the prisoners if they would go. The
Conetogas agreed to this, provided they
would give every man a small sack of flour.
The Oneidas consented, and for the space of
two days nothing was heard but the sound of
the pestle; women and children were all

busy preparing the sacks, and on the third
morning every man received his sack on
condition he should immediately depart. The
enemy marched away, with all despatch, but
what was their indignation when they reach-
ed their camps, to find their sacks filled with
ashes! They once more returned to demand
justice; but the Oneidas had united with the
Mohawks, and met them on their way; a
fierce battle ensued, and the Conetogas were
cut to pieces; a few only remained to re-
port the dismal tidings to their countrymen.

A woman gave her little child a handker-
thief to warm while she was otherwise em-
ployed. The child held it to the fire, but so
near that it scorched ; upon which the little

child called to its mother, saying Mamma
is it done enough when it looks brown P"

I was one day sitting at the window, and I
saw my cat that was an excellent mouser,
bring a large rat and put it in the middle of a
grass plat. The rat did not appear to have
received any injury; for as soon as the cat
laid it down, it sprung up and attempted to
run. The cat however was too active; it
seized the rat again This went on for
about two hours; the rat attempting to es-
cape, and the cat as constantly seizing it, and
appmently, disabling it. Finally the rat
wemed to be wholly subdued, and lay ap-
parently without motion : the cat watched it
at a little distance, evidently prepared to

spring, if it attempted to run. The rat I sup-
posed to be dead, as it lay stretched out
without motion; the cat, after watching it
for another hour appeared to think so too,
and walked off. Still the animal did not
I was engaged about other things and did
not go to the window for a long time; when
I did, the dead rat still lay there. I then
called to a servant, and told him to remove
the animal. The serant approached the rat,
and stooped to take it by the tail, when to
my astonishment it sprung up and escaped
apparently unhurt.

There is hardly any thing that engages my
attention more than a bird's nest. I have

sometimes found a deserted one, and tried to
imitate it, but though I am tolerably inge-
nious at making pin-cushions and needle-
books, and bonnets, and caps, I never could
make any thing that looked exactly like a
bird's nest, or that the birds would not abso-
lutely laugh at, if they were consulted on
the occasion; and yet we have all the materi-
als they have, and they are not costly.
We can find horse-hair, and down, and
twigs, and moss, and we have great ingenuity
in putting them together, but after all one real
birds nest puts us quite to shame. I was so
fortunate as to have a robin build his nest on
a tree by my window, and I could watch the
whole process, from the laying of the eggs,
till the young birds could fly. With how
much care did the parents provide for their
little ones, and how often I thought of these

Behold the tamnt of the be air
To tbhe nor fe o grnries belong,
Noeaht bat woodland and te plen smoo
Yet our kind Heayenly Father be ds his eye
On t eat wing th flis along th sky
To Him they cy, in Winte's pinding redg
To Him they sing, whan Spring renews he plain,
Nor i their muse, nor their plnt in ain.
Heihears th gay and he disel call,
And with aniarig bounty feeds thn all "


I don't know whether the winter of 1807
was a remarkably cold one or not, but I know
there was a tremendous snow-storm in Janu-
A lady and gentleman travelling in a sleigh
were detained with their daughter, by the
snow, at Newburyport for several days, the
roads were said to be impassable. But as
the stage-coaches at length arrived, they de-

termined to go. The fist part of the way
as far as the Topsfield House, as it is called,
they got along very well; the road was toler-
ably beaten, and after dining at the hotel at
three, they determined to go on, hoping to
arrive at Salem, where they meant to pass
the night, in good season. The road how-
ever, grew more and more difficult, and the
wind began to rise; the snow in many places
was much higher than the fences or stone
walls, so that these were no guide; very
soon they were uncertain which was the right
As long however as daylight continued,
they made out to walk their horses in what
was evidently the path. But when the sun
went down, when its broad yellow streak
could no longer be traced in the west, to
which they were travelling;-when they could
discern only the pale twilight of the cold blue

wintry sky-they became quite bewildered.
The horses however were vigorous, and the
gentleman full of health and enterprise, press-
ed forward in spite of drifts and cold; some-
times he found it necessary to throw down
the reins and spring out and encourage the
horses to make their way through the snow
The darkness rapidly increased, and with
it the driving wind that threw the snow into
drifts. It soon became evident they had lost
the road. They were in a vast ocean of snow,
without any pilot, chart, or compass, by which
to steer. Suddenly the horses plunged to
their necks in the snow: it was useless to
urge them on, for both they and the sleigh
were completely wedged in. What now was
to be done? After some consultation the
gentleman made his way to a tree at a short
distance, and climbing it, covered with snow

as it was, reconnoitered the country round.
At what appeared to him not a great way off,
he discovered a low house with a light burn
ing within.
The lady now proposed that she and their
daughter, who was about twelve, should pro-
ceed to the house, and send assistance to
the gentleman, as they preferred this measure,
to being left alone with the sleigh. He con-
sented, first however conducting them in the
right direction; fortunately they found a sled
path, which was sufficiently apparent to guide
them to the house, though it was not in sight.
They began their travels very courageously,
and soon lost sight of the carriage: both of
them were young and light-hearted, one a
newly made bride, the other her daughter-
in-law. Nothing is more deceptive than dis-
tant lights; it soon became evident the gen-
tleman had been much deceived, for though

they walked, or rather waded sometime, the
house did not appear in view. The cold be-
came excessive and their fatigue great.
The spirits of the mother first gave way.
"I can go no farther," said she, 4 leave me,
and make your way as quick as possible to
the house; you will do better without me,"
and to the dismay of the young girl she sank
down, resting her head, with her long black
plumes upon the snow. The daughter was
intelligent and well informed; she had read
that when people freeze to death, they first
give up all effort and then lie down to die.
She hung over her young mother with
speechless agony for a moment; then sud-
denly exclaimed, "for heaven's sake rise-
have pity on me-dear, dear mother-exert
yourself and God will help you!" Still the
mother seemed unable to move, a topor was
fmst creeping over her; sh could only press

to her bosom the daughter she had so lately
learnt to love, and entreat her to go on. No
mother," said the child, if you stay, I stay,
I never, never, will leave you, we will die here
together!" The mother seemed roused by
this appeal, she raised herself up. At that
moment they heard the near barking of a dog.
'"We are close by the house," said the little
girl; "come, come!" Half bewildered, the
lady rose, and once more her animation seem
ed to return.
Again they proceeded, and turning a sud
den angle, came full upon the low cottage
they opened the door, rushed in and the lady
fell senseless on the floor. The kindest aid
was immediately given by the woman of the
house while two men went in search of the
sleigh with shovels and pick-axes.
The lady and gentleman are now living,
but their daughter, a few years since, finished

her earthly course; and mature in virtue and
goodness, has gone to that blessed land where
the storm and the tempest shall never come.

I never heard that dogs were astronomers,
and understood the heavens; indeed we
know they are not, as far as reading and
study is concerned, neither can they look
through telescopes, or understand their uses.
But when I talk of astronomy now, I mean
what can be gathered by observation, and by
constantly looking at the heavens. For in-
stance, by observation we know where the
Sun rises and where it sets; then let us be
where we will, we know which is west and
which is east, because the sun sets at the
west and rises at the east; so in the eve-

ning by watching the moon and the stars, we
may become acquainted with them, and all
this, without a book or a telescope.
In this way I have no doubt dogs may
be astronomers; every body knows they pay
great attention to the moon, and sometimes
bark at it tremendously. Shakspeare makes
one of his characters say, "I had rather be a
dog and bay the moon than such a Roman."
But I must not forget my story in trying to
prove that dogs are astronomers, and like
seamen can find their way by the sun, moon
and stars.
A captain of a vessel who was in the habit
of trading to Newfoundland, returned from
there to Gloucester, formerly called Cape
Ann; he brought with him several New-
foundland puppies and gave one to a lad who
was apprentice in a store on the wharf where
he landed. The dog Jowler became a great

favorite with the boy, whose name was Eben.
He increased in size and beauty, and had a
great many very-engaging ways, such as car-
rying bundles in his mouth, which I suppose
his little master would have liked just as
well to carry himself, if it had not been for
showing off his dog. About this time the
small pox broke out in Gloucester, and spread
great terror through the town. All the wise
and all the foolish people met together, to de-
termine what was best to be done to stop
the progress of the disorder. Now you will
be surprised at the result, but they actually
passed a vote that every dog should be killed;
for they concluded that the dogs were very
instrumental in spreading the disorder. What
was to become of poor Jowler? His young
master hugged him to his bosom, and declar-
ed that they should kill him, as soon as his

Jowler licked his face and hands, and
seemed to implore protection. All who knew
the friendship that existed between the two.
pitied them very much; but the laws must
be obeyed, and they advised the boy to shoot
the dog, as the easiest and quickest death, and
very kindly offered to doit themselves. Eben
was half ready to shoot them for their kind
offer, and lest they should put it in execution,
would not trust Jowler a moment out of his
Something however must be done; and
fortunately a Captain who commanded a
vessel, was going to set sail immediately for
Norfolk in Virginia, and proposed to Eben
that he should take his dog with him; he
said he should be gone three months, (all
winter,) and by the time he returned, the
alarm about the small pox would be over, and
he could have his dog It may easily be sup-

posed the boy gladly accepted this offer. He
went with the dog to the vessel, and after
many a struggle, tied him on the deck and
left him.
The wind was fair, and the vessel sailed
swiftly before it. Eben and Jowler watched
each other to the last; the boy then re-
turned home, feeling as if he had parted
with a true friend. The alarm of small pox
passed away, and Eben began to sigh for his
dog's return. Nearly three months had gone,
and the vessel was daily expected. In the
mean time, he obtained leave to make his
grandfather a visit, who lived at Byfield. He
set off on horse-back, of a fine spring morn-
ing ; just as he arrived at the turning of the
road that goes to Gloucester, about fifteen
miles from home, a dog came running to-
wards him; the moment he saw Eben he
gave but one spring, and was on the horse's

neck with his paws round the boy. It was
Jowler! The meeting may be imagined.
When Eben returned the next day to Glou-
cester, every body was glad to see the dog,
and there was no more talk of shooting him.
But the marvel was, where the dog came
from, for the vessel had not arrived. To-
wards evening however, the vessel appeared
in sight. Eben shut Jowler up in his own
room, and went down to the wharf to meet
the captain. Well," said he, as soon as he
saw him, "where is my dog-? The captain
shook his head. I can only tell you, said he,
that Jowler appeared to be very happy and
contented all winter; he was a great favorite
on board ship, and there was not a sailor but
would give him a share of his mess, but when
I returned from Virginia I put in at the T
wharf at Boston : we had no sooner touched
the wharf than the dog sprung on shore, and

though we hunted for him we could not find
him, and I was obliged to come away without
him." Eben inquired "6if the dog soon
became reconciled to leaving Gloucester?"
The captain said "yes, only that he minded
that night or day he always lay with his head
towards that point of the compass." It was
with great delight that Eben produced Jow-
ler. Upon inquiry he found that the dog had
landed the morning he met him ; he had set
off directly for Gloucester.
It must be remembered that all this took
place seventy years ago; there were then no
bridges; every body crossed the Aivers in
ferry-boars. Jowler had swam across the
rivers where Charlestown bridge now is, and
where Malden, and Beverly bridges are built.
The circumstance of his meeting his master
was accidental; but he evidently was taking
the direct road to Gloucester.

One other story I must relate of a dog, be-
cause it is as remarkable, as it is true.
A man lived at Kingston, near Barnstable,
who had a very fine Newfoundland dog; he
was expert at finding game, and his master
often lent him to his friends, when they went
a gunning. They generally sent him home
with a bunch of birds or some other game, in
his mouth, which he scrupulously carried to
his master.
It happened that the man was obliged to
go to North Carolina on business, and he took
his dog with him. After he arrived he found
the dog extremely useful in guarding his
property, and he excited great attention by
his sagacity and fidelity. A gentleman who
was much taken with him, expressed a wish
to purchase the dog. The man told him

that he could not part with him, that he was
sure his wife would hardly be glad to see
him if he returned without the animal. The
gentleman's desire for the dog increased with
resistance, and he finally offered so large a
price, that the man said he was poor and had
to work hard for a living, and he did not
think he ought to refuse it; consequently the
bargain was made and the man took the gold.
To accustom the dog to his new master,
the gentleman who had bought him came
every daywith one of his slaves, who brought
the dog's dinner, and the gentleman gave it
to him. At length the man who had sold the
dog, left North Carolina, and embarked for
Kingston, and arrived there safe: in return
for inquiries from his wife after the dog, he
produced the gold and related the circum-
stances. Not very long after he was walking
in one of the streets of Kingston, when a dog

came towards him. He thought he resem-
bled his that he had left at North Carolina,
but the creature was weak and emaciated,
and so reduced in size, that he was almost
doubtful; the dog, however, feebly licked his
hand, and then staggered to his former home.
The man's wife immediately knew him, and
nursed him so carefully that he very soon re-
tovered his strength, size and spirits.
The circumstance excited much talk in
Kingston, and it was a matter of great spee-
ulation how the dog got back; but it was
generally supposed that he must have gone
on board some vessel which chanced to be
bound to a port near Kingston.
Several months after, the man again went
to North Carolina; his wife refused to let him
take the dog, but gave him the gold, which
she had carefully preserved, and told him to
return it to the owner. When the man arri-v

ed he went to see the gentleman who had
purchased the dog. The latter said he kept
the dog tied for a day or two, feeding him,
and treating him with great kindness; at
last he ventured to untie him; the dog imme-
diately sprung from him he ordered his slaves
to go after him, but they could not overtake
him. He then sent a slave on horse-back
and told him to ride till he got him; the man
returned after two day's pursuit and told his
master that at first he heard of the dog, but
that soon he could find no traces of him, and
ne thought it best to return.
The dog had undoubtedly travelled all the
way by land, had suffered from hunger and
fatigue, but had never changed his purpose of
reaching home; had arrived there and at last
laid himself down at his mistress's feet ap-
parently to die. Marvellous as these stories
may seem, they can be authenticated by res
pectable testimony.

The celebrated traveller Ledyard, says,
that he has always found women kind, oblig-
ing, and compassionate. He never remem-
bers to have asked a woman a question with
out receiving a civil and friendly reply; and
in travelling over different parts of the coun-
try, he always felt sure of kind welcome and
tender care. Wherever he found himself,
whether it was in Russia, Finland, Denmark,
or Tartary, if he was hungry, some compas-
sionate woman set before him the best food
that she had ; when thirsty, some tender
mother or kind daughter, gave him to drink,
if he was cold, some poor widow, kindly ask-
ed him to draw closer to her scanty fire; if
he was sick, he was nursed and watched with
the most tender care, even if the poor woman
who was thus benevolent, had a sick husband

or a sick child to attend to; and all these
kind offices were performed with such a wil-
ling and tender spirit, that he felt doubly
grateful. We see by this, that acts of kind-
ness are deeply felt; but even if they are not,
it must be a pleasure to a good heart to re-
lieve the sufferings of the distressed to the
utmost of our power.

A very pleasing story met my eye the
other day, of a young girl, whose mother had
given her a few shillings to spend as she liked,
in dress, toys, or sweetmeats. Walking along
one of the fashionable streets of London, her
eye was attracted by some pretty ornaments
in a confectionary shop. Just as she turned
to go into the shop, a woman, old, sick, and

miserably clad, stood before her, and feebly
demanded assistance. The young girl looked
at the attractive window, then at the wretch-
ed old woman before her, and putting all the
money she had to spend, in her hand, she ex-
claimed, Take it, you need it more than I
do !" Then turning, she walked quickly away,
before the old woman could thank her.

During the invasion of Prussia by the
French, in the year 1813, great exertions
were made by many individuals, to raise
money to meet the expenses of the war.
Not only the men, but the women and chil-
dren sold many articles of value and necessi-
ty, that their country might be freed from
invasion. Among others, were the parents

of a young Silesian girl, who were depriving
themselves of many luxuries and comforts,
for this purpose. Their daughter struck with
this instance of their devotion to their coun-
try, was filled with ardor in the cause, and
sought among her little hoard of clothes and
trinkets, for something that she could dispose
of. But alas though all valuable to her, she
could not get money for them. What could
she do ?
One morning, with her mind full of her
generous schemes, she was arranging her
long and beautiful hair, for her morning meal,
when suddenly the thought struck her, that
this very hair, might be of some value.
Pleased with the idea, she hastened to a
neighboring hair-dresser, who cut it off, and
gave her two dollars for it. He was so struck
with the generosity of this poor girPs conduct,
that he manufactured bracelets, broaches, and

other ornaments of the hair, and telling the
story to every purchaser, he sold so many,
that he was enabled to subscribe two hun-
dred dollars to the cause of his country. This
was a very generous action, but the two dol-
lars given by the poor girl, was a greater
sacrifice; it was indeed the giver's sole pos-

The famous French general Turenne, who
was born in 1611, was, when a boy, very
ambitious of honor, and was anxious to be
allowed to serve as a soldier, when only ten
years old. But his father generally told him,
that he was too young to bear the fatigues,
and encounter the dangers of war. One day,
after a conversation of this nature, the young

hero was missing. A search was made for
him; but for a long time it was fruitless. At
last, when his parents had, began to be alarm-
ed for his safety, the governor found him in
an exposed situation, fast asleep upon a can-
non, with his little arms locked around it, as
far as they could extend. When he was ask-
ed why he had chosen so cold and hard a bed,
he replied, that he wished to persuade his
father, that he was able to endure the hard-
ships and fatigues of war."

The Earl of Elgin had two sons, whom he
permitted to associate with the boys in the
neighborhood, some of whom were poor.
One day, when these children were all play-
ing together, the Earl's sons were called to


dinner. I will stay here and wait till you
come back," said one of the boys, for
there is no dinner ready for me." The Earl's
sons then invited the poor boy to go home
and dine with them, but this he refused to
do, as he had not been accustomed to eat at
great peoples' tables.
My dear papa," said the eldest boy,
when he reached home, "what did those
silver buckles cost that you gave me yester-
day ?" "They cost five shillings, my son,"
said the Earl, with some surprise at this
unusual question. Will you give me the
money, sir, if I return you the buckles?"
"Willingly," said the Earl, at the same time
giving him the sum he desired.
Nothing more was said; the boy ate his
dinner and went out to play; but the Earl
made some inquiries, and found that the five
shillings was in possession of the poor boy,

who had no dinner. What pleasure this
must have given to the heart of the father!
The boy did not ask for the money, saying
it was to give away; he was truly generous,
he was willing to make a sacrifice himself,
quietly, that his playmate might profit by it.

The following anecdote is told of Lord
Digby, who lived about 100 years ago. He
was generally well dressed and cheerful, but
was always observed by his friends during
Christmas and Easter, to look very grave.
At these seasons, also, he dressed himself in
a very shabby blue.coat, which he kept from
year to year. These singular circumstances
excited the curiosity of several of his ac-
quaintances, and they determined to watch

him, to find out if possible the cause of this
extraordinary change of dress and manner.
Accordingly, seeing the young nobleman
set off in his shabby coat one morning, they
followed him, and traced him to a prison,
where they lost sight of him. This filled
them with astonishment, and they proceeded
and inquired of the turnkey, if a person,
dressed, as they described Lord Digby, was
then in the prison. "Yes," said the man,
" he comes here twice a year and lets a
number of prisoners free, and besides that,
he gives them enough money to support
themselves and their families till they can
find some employment. He has but few
persons to let out to day." Who is this
compassionate man?" said his friends, "do
you know his name ? "All we know him
by," said the jailor is by his humanity
and his blue coat This statement was

found to be correct. His short life was spent
in making others happy, and though he died
young, he died lamented and mourned.

Many years ago, there lived in England a
justice by the name of North; and a duke,
of the name of Beaufort. On one occasion,
when Justice North visited the duke of Beau-
fort, who resided at Badmington, his country
seat in England, he was talking of trials and
punishments to the duke, and was speaking
of some wicked men who were sentenced to
be hung. The dukeo son, the young Lord
Arthur, who was about five years old, was
listening to the conversation, and told Justice
North, that he was very angry with him for
hanging men. "Why, my little fellow,"

said the justice, "if we did not hang these
men, they would kill, and steal, and do all
manner of wicked actions." I am sure,
they would not," said the little boy, if you
were to make them promise upon their honor,
that they would never do so again." This
young lord, had, no doubt, a good mother
who had early taught him the value of truth
and honor.

I heard once of a gentleman who had a
dog of which he was so fond, that he used to
allow her to go all over the house, and make
her bed upon the rug by the parlor fire. She
followed her master about in all his rambles,
and was frequently fed from his plate with
choice morsels.

This dog had four little puppies, which the
gentleman found rather troublesome, and he
therefore determined to rid himself of them.
One morning, when his favorite had gone out
of her kennel, he took the poor little family
of dogs, and drowned them all in a pond
near the house. The mother coming home
and missing her young ones, sought about
for them, making at the same time the most
piteous cries. At last she found their bodies
in the pond, and taking them out one by one,
she brought them in and laid them at the
feet of her master. When she had brought
in the last one, she looked piteously in his
face, as if to reproach him for his cruelty,
and then lying down by her drowned whelps,
she made a feeble cry, and died.

In Spain, in 1808, an English officer, who
was engaged in the war under Sir John
Moore, a famous general, had the misfortune
to lose his wife. She left behind her three
children, all young and beautiful, with no one
to depend upon but their father. Whilst suf-
fering under his severe loss, and thinking
what he should do with his lovely little flock,
he received orders to march to Spain. In a
state of great anxiety, he begged for permis-
sion to take the poor orphans to England,
where they had many friends and relatives.
But his services as an officer could not be
spared, and his petition was refused.
He was at this time residing in the house
of a Portuguese nobleman, who, seeing his
perplexity and pitying his misfortunes, deter-
mined to relieve him. So he went up to him,


and stopping him in the midst of a hurried
walk, he kindly said to him, my poor and
unfortunate friend, ease your mind of its load
of grief, your charming little family shall not
suffer. I have three daughters who have
kind hearts, and who I am sure will each
prove a mother to one of your little inno-
cents, while I myself will take your place,
and give them fatherly attention and care."
" So we will, dear father," said the three
daughters, all at once; leave your children
with us, unfortunate Englishman." The
officer, overcome with emotion, said a few
broken words of thanks, and rushed out of
the room.
We may well believe that an offer so
kindly made, was accepted on one side, and
faithfully fulfilled on the other.

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs