Group Title: Publications of the Florida state historical society ; no. 6
Title: Territorial Florida journalism
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Territorial Florida journalism
Series Title: Publications of the Florida state historical society
Physical Description: x p., 3 l., 3-250 p., 1 l. : front,. ports. ; 26cm.
Language: English
Creator: Knauss, James Owen, 1885-
Publisher: The Florida state historical society
Place of Publication: Deland
Publication Date: 1926
Subject: Journalism -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Bibliography: "Bibliographical list of works consulted": p. 277-231.
Statement of Responsibility: by James Owen Knauss.
General Note: "Facsimilies of first pages of Florida newspapers" (6 in pocket)
General Note: "Three hundred and sixty copies of this book have been printed for the Florida state historical society by the Yale university press."
General Note: "This is no. 140"--P. <251>
General Note: "This is no. 296"--P. <251>
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002254
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000131514
oclc - 01671822
notis - AAP7540
lccn - 27002343
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Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Full Text






CON 1. fbN.
TIHE FLORII)LAT. U he published evcy
T e'A.yi at $ 350 advdr.l4 4,00,n si~aymonths,
or $ .130) at the expirati"of the year."
Advertisements tvill be' serted at 75 cent, per
qiare for the ,rir-t iinsorti,.'t--cach subsequent
insnriion at Ihalfpricc.

New f oods.
iITE Subscrilhe, ias lately re-
turned front Bitmitinore anl d I'es-
pectfu!ly informs hii- ftriemls and
the public, generly,that he is now
opening and will s.ll oin the most
reasonable terms for Cash,or Count-
ry produce an extensive ard fash-
ionable assortment of seasonable
gooils Consisting of.
Super fine and Coarse Cloths.
Cassinetts, Caqsinercs, Flannels,
13 1-4
12 1-4 Rose blankets.
10 1-4
3. 3-4 and ( point blankets,
White and Colored Domesticks.
.,intted and Marseilles Qatilts.
B',irf,Cassinliere, White do.
Valencia, Toilnett, Swans-D 1
down. 5,
'Plain and Figcred Silk & ,?
Marseilles, I"
]ombazetts, Iombazines Ging-
ihanms and Calicoes.
Irish Liunens, and Linnen Cam-
bricks. ,
Osnaburgs, Burlaps, Rusia Sheet-
mig and Duck.
Cotton Cassimeres and Linnen
Fancy Silk and Cotton IHakffs,
Imitation Merino Shawls.
Tabie and Towel Diapers,funiture
Turkey Red Cotton, Ready made
Work'd Capes, flounces and frin-'
Threadl, Biobintt, and Cotton
Figured and Plain Silk and Can-
ton C rlpes.
Long and Short Kid Gloves,
White S ttin Slioes.
Mlats, Shoes, gloves and hosiery,
Saddles, bridles & ltiartinguis.
,-ttn' CtardsVioiiau, air

Violin Strings.
Crockery and Queens ware, draw-
ing, tfolscapanl Letter paper.
O'Cpol books, quills, slates &c.
Looking glasses assorted.
.Brass Andirons,Candle sticks and
Snu;fers, Cutlery and hardware
Iron, Steel and Nails.
Fresh Teas, Loaf and Brown Su-
gar, Coflce, Flour.
Rtm!n, Gin, Whiscy, Brandy, Cor-
dials and Wines.
Soap, Candles, Salt, Indigo, Salt-
petre, alkum.
Coperas, Indigo, Race Ginger,
Allspice, Nutminegs.
S u.4taurd iand Ciinamon.
Stuii and tist, patent breech'd,
Percussion Shot guns and rifles.
Pistols, dirks, powder Shot and
A great variety of other articles
too tedious to mention.i
N. B. Country merchants and
others will find it to their advantage
to call. R. H.
Tallahasscc, Nov. 4th 1828--5-t

T lnIIE subscriber has declined
U. the practice of the Law.--
T.he unfinished business i :which he

has heretofore been engaged, either
in his individual-nane or as a mem-
her of the late firm of Webb and
Gautier will be closed by his for-
.mer Copartner, Peter W. GautiZer
jr. Esq. and Col. Richard C. Allen,
who have united in the practice,
mhnd to whom persons interested will
pI6ase address themselves.
In retiring from .business, tle
subscriber feels much gratified in
beinid able to assure his friends that
their interests will be punctually at-
tended to, and. ably susirincd by the
gentlemen to whom lie lias ~bifided
VWebbville, 1st Sept. 1828-1--t

N oticei
AS I ahi about to leave '.ii1'.Tdiritiry, Public
nut Ice is hereby givdiitbAt' Davis, Floyd, -is
appointed my attorney in fac to6 ct inn all cases,
either in law or othierwi ie i d my.b6l.alf.
October 2Ztli 12S-'4--l

Job Priting,
WI ILL be 'eecutclt withv
WV' neatness ard des.iatih, also
blaks of every description will be
&i6et for sale at this ifficc.

mters Hotel HENR W. FOOTAINE,
-a'xr -ro.nt' ,A ND. ermi. E
jIl -HE proprietor of the atbov e -".l. .A rn,v- E
'establiIhmiient respect full in- 8E..,R AT LAWl ,
formesthe public, that the extensive RACTICES in their respective An
additionss, which lie has recently ourts of Leon, Gad(sd(n and Dero
mimle, render it commnodious and Jacekson counties. His office is ii Ar
well calculated for the iecoimnoda- the City of-Tallalhassee. Er
tion of boarders anid traviers.- Octolber 7th, li _-1-tf PRI
While he tenders his thanks to -the L iWv N notice. ,,iore
public for the, liberal patronage D ofRiih
heretofore received, he hopes by Dor"n, ,he absence, of
uiremitted attention, to merit its R C A llen E sq r i
continuance. T T
o I VILLIAM WYATT. Iis business w/il becionmuclcd by JL LY
Oct. 7th,-1-ft Ge orge T. Vair4

TFlorlida. IK ateIAllu Tallabassee Norember, 11th,12. s.iet,-
TIp 4HAT I-6ei known establis^-h= pal
m. ient is offered for sale or C niL lease, on accommodating terms. Middle District of 0lo- se(:e,
Possession to be had the 1st of Jan- ridel. ,, ofthe
uary next. Application to be made 0 the Marshal of the MidileDistrictofFlo pti
tO r ida greetingg. .
R. K. CALL. w. ,(e,:ets J.tJtess (. lnitpgold. Oistriet attorney vol and ch
the kI noted Stales Ior (lie .Middle lDistrict of 'lo- \Ve co
October 2S-4-tf rida, lath cxilihbited an iihnormtioni, or complaint first in
-- in the Districl o'm1t ofl'lie nied itateslborthe shall
E l T v r AMiddle iizrlclo, 1" hmidl. :Stating, alleging, and with.
E Cyle T. CIver pPrpopoutd'";:ithat'lhe1 lolp or \lss.i call ed tie protecti
T HE subscriber has taken the i.',;e whierent one shipiey 1'. smith now is, or untary
hl ely was m:1isi"r. is now lyvng at 11ahnolia with- Iv acce
establishment formerly occu.11- in iii .Itiiisdi:ionii ofiiaid.h'Coant nd within the that \,
pied by Col. Geo. Fisher, and lie sad ili-tict, witl.a (a.'o ol iwenty-ive huindr- ,en wi
ed twelve ;and a liailt'ui:ls.- ,, ioi,;!gn balit 1oni ard wh
hopes by unrenmitted attention to the ta N' e a,-l ovihd-nce !c Tlhr tihesn id sloop i l, l wI
wants and conveiiiience of boarders l.,ie. onl hicrpa-:s't ion ;s Na;iu to t-. Marks, \.e, i,,
and travellers, to obtain a liberal the Port ofhe" detiaitn, touched at h-e 'ort of trk o
hoKev-WVest aiid dI'|iur ed thence im'" 't. Marks, z, hicih i
sa4re of patronage, without unlading. dtsc;s-igin,. o 6 delivering her yV
His table will be furnished with s aid;wenty tite ihundrd twelve and plate
a hiSll'hu h tans df' alt.1
every luxury the coniiry and iir- a ih' .d 'o.l arrived -t -t. Marks and ";ti l'
ket afford. hI is rooms are procedtda tiup 'ie river i. 31::ks In tif Iown of .,,
convenient and airy; gentlemen wilh gmoha 'rs: j'Ii, .:iu .river 31, ik. beig to ,
.".that ipl.v't' oion the -ca No'i.ablei"I t'; .(l is o' the qua
families, or private pfm 'tiescan i, ,, le I Il ii movie tons hlurthent:. T.':t sad Shi:pley de:d .It t
fLtrnished with separate alpartiiei!t.S. .I' s iat ninster'a-f.oresaido!'tC fi..,op i agle stli, oi
1i d, at ;31i. ieoiia aia'ia esaid. inL il'r a i. r I-, %'-iai~c.,
Ilis stable is well furnished il '.d iltha.- i 'eIt .n- :"ird dayo'Au"rst. et, la ,ie a
faithful and experienced Oslcis tiuusaiii eight hulp'hed aud twenty egirht. dis- thougn i
will always attend. chlinge 1lr sail Cuigo of-"atJ.Wout being duty pnsiv
auithorised by the proper o,.icer, or othicers o 'ue iout t
JOSIAl EVERITT. C'u.tomis. That1 the ,we1tty five hundred twelve To th
Tallahassee, Oct. '7lit l.1 2.-l4fl ,nd a ndhalf i'usiis oi'aht discharged as aioresad standd ml Shiily Pl. iiith wtihout.hein.g duly aitnoits- their .i
S- -e d Il i, opei t ow icc r.or :li.e" tlie Customs lunmi, p
i i r alI I S 4 i! *. w:Isat the t1muc of dischlariu the same and ex- vaety
T-lily S o wriA needed in vamue the :,i ol l"ur iiunmidrod dol- i,.
United ,States of America. lars. Tlat hi taid ; ipiv 1'. Snith did un-. -Ori;
Middle District of '/loride. lade and del'verfnro i th. .a'd Sriop t.'igle the ded on
BY Virtue of and in ipurSic saidwcty ih d.rwelve a half bush. Americ
els of r3all between the ris:ag and .-etli;ui of ithc .Revi
of a Commission of sale, to mie suni witlhoiu ;o s>'fiC:l license from the coiiector ti' .
directed, friem the Hlonorable, the o'thei-!ricnt':; .p alaciicokiudnava!olcerorof .-.ig
Dfi o r o i i- am t',..-a:t,,. and witiiout ilir.aiini i-o'ai the olicec- voyage,
District Court for the Middle- Dis- t,ir :.i n:tva-oifi-er ofitie -aid lhutril.i o' Appal- arts, &
trict of Florida, sitting as a Coart na-rii..:; a i.n'iilI l;:r ofAdmiralty, I hdiall proceed to U 'n u ti i
tb the highest bidder for Cash, ilm hath 0 -i weNiy ive ivhei,uile twelve the live
-'1 iown of Mlagnolia, on Thurs- and a hlaifih''ils of.ralt law iod'rited. .--- .icoin
,0lid Oli"a tl ," J J n Ilit, -ttint, tile Sloop tile Dislrict aforesaid lathli ordered and directed Liter
day the 20th ..- '..,i- the third mondav in Nove'liaer neit flr all pe- cations.
Faglle. herl taC.' 'iarcl'c an ti ... -f'".ri'iedito be ciled'anid intimated to ap- Thc
Etrale her tlacSl th ln i. sons. Sh .... show cause if York st
ture, now lying in thie u -, at ti i i t should not
Marks, ( whereof Shiply F. Smith any they i.vhc ew... a... ll-aiwi-iosd elntnrks..
was Master ) to satistfy a decree of prayed. and stre'i: ,re ih-tdpcremto.nyl .ns
ne powered lind sth'jtl 1joioilied peretinhlt .ri: y. It AIi.,'
said Court in favor of Joseph Whela- cite and admonish all irson.' whatsoever lihaig Panssi
ton and Charls n Sahlitocommenece orpretendiungto have a yi i'ht. inter t or oeri
chlin, in oritothe said Caro,>f.-:9.t inu.rmncd Toge
Bender. between the hours against asafores aid, ahval wl'a wnv i Pians and jects. w
Nov. 3rd 1828. of 10. A. Al. and methodrwhats,, Ai.,,I* l,;v.-cbyais.a tm-a. n.may m n-rate.
3 nade imosi puh'ic a<114 nil0tiv, :to i.e anL ll i!."1 Havi
, P.m at the tilr:e anid place v.ures:tid blbr'o the purpoOs(
ALEX. ADAIR, Marshal. Judge aforesaid : andanluto attend ul-on every w'ilh su
November, 4th 128-5-T. D. S., session and sessions to he lield there and 'ron: 9n acco
_ __.. tihience, ntlil a .KDI-'vIiTivE sentence, shall Ie i e tai be hires
Sand promiuiied in the said husiAnes in clusivly. iarkin
LA N otice. if a-iv.f (,. inshall hinik it their duty s ito do : ,to means.
hear'abide lby and pcrior all. ai. d singular suchl sui:air
-,T Si *cies judicial act- ;.i are neies.ary and by law required Tile
Fr. H-E Subscribers having asso- I, hee d,,e and expedited in the premises :. and the pr
S ci:ltd thoiiselves tether, in frtler to do and receive w-lt unta loaw .and it- 143: W
t" 1)raetiee o'ft hr- i tiee.shall applertain uiinie'the pain oftlie law qurato
the practice of their profession, r'- cui.... ,ref. t1he ,.Lse'ce and Contmaumncy brevier
sp)cctfUl-y-inform their friends, Ihat ,of thei inadevery oftlnmin .any !'with. Fi:\
thev will attend the Superior and sianditg. And whatsoever youshial do in tie hundr'
TIferior COlul'ts Of Fhn'ihl, Also pr'mises you shall oduly c"rtif'unto the Ju1'< an
Inferior outs O F rdu. Also rf-said, at the time and latceaaforesaid together copioul
in Henry and Dale Counties in Al- with thie e presents. 1iiine'ss the Hlonorailie The
lhanma ; fieir office will continue at Th,,ipas I]anahli Judge of oursaid Distict Court in advi
Cum i itil tImeCWl CourtI Houe a this 2 th day of October in the year ofe our Lord It is
Webhville, until the Court Ilouse 18-. therwi.
for Jackson County be permnianently C. NIChOA.S CLERK. yond ti
*cTe TAll persons having, or Pretending to have any
MANDELL & STONE. right tite interest. or claims in, or to the Cargo of
October 14tlh-i -tf Salt specified in the above Monition are rqju"ted
The Editors of the Macon to take notice and regulate themselvesaccording. N
m I.-----A--------IUW

Messenger ana the iavannan A r-
grus are requested to give the above
four insertions and forward their
bills to this office.

un the Town of

T HIS Town is beautifully situ-
ated, on an elevated plain, at
the head of Navigation on the Cli-
pola River. It is the seat of Justice
for Jackson County, one of the rich-
est and most populous Counties in
the Territory of Florida.
The lots in the 'abo-e named
Town will be sold without reserve,
at public auction on the first Mon-
day in January neot.-Terms one
fourth cash and the balance in three
annual installments .
Mariana, Nov. 1st. 1828--5--tf.
V ''The Editors of the South-
ron, the Macon Messenger and tihe
Savannah Argus are respectively re-
quested to give thie albovefour inser-
tiona'and forward their'tills to this

To Printers*
4 irst iMte printer will meet,
A iti; liberal encouragement
rby applying immediately at tli.s of-

nUlbillished quartleriv with an elegant
:.liin ny .
VEfV Y 'OiK iMi',OlR,
id Ladies' Iiterarv Gazette:
ced Io the l/ l /i#lcrs, fine
s, lusir, i)rNama, PIas.sng
ntls f','. !'c. 4"c.
.\TFfD Bl <1oi:OG(1P. MonRMa.*
shall young genius wing ais .;Eagl flight.
I ieo-diops shaking froil his plumes of'
[I; Sixth Volume of the Mirror was com-
ncer d on the TWELFTI DAY of
As the plin ofembellishing this publi.-.
wlth allpprppiateen ravings is understood
ieved to he altogelhierhle most acceptable,
'rrebi,,itdi bhlter witl! the retineiiiecnts of
, and the niprovemonts in the public taste,
iv other, it will be adhered to. The gene-
troni;le bestowed ponu the work, added
emnu evidences oi liberal beutimenlt'anmd
clings, emanating from persons of both
vho are alike di-tinguislied Ior their altain-
ill Ilite literature, and Ibrtheil kitowledge
line artl, are powerf il incentives to tie
servingg effortsto deserve a reward and
ion so gratifying.
Ire greatly tl;ttired both with the number
iracter four readers and correspondents.
uld enumerate many who rank among the
our country for genius and learning, and it
Silur pride and plleasure to furnish them
work whcih shall continue to nutleit their
ion and favour. Indepeideiitly of'lie vol-
nid. so generously bestocwed, ianId so very
ptalle. we tal the ol,lortunity of saying.
Si-ave ciit:!l- t d hie penii of' several ientle-
io arre we\: !lknow:l in the literary world,
o. i prod'uclions, we Iare prisu:tdvd. wil
ine' spi'ir. to the tliil: places of the work.
i' :e feel tie 1 l!t-t contideiice in .-rat in
r .~t':ccti(lin l \.!ll:el- wv l sur'allUi those
h;!ve preceded thicii.
e'r "o remind ihe read. that the colppr-
I'-i::lniiigs-which uariola superior kind,
li: fullil *jarto -si--aiae drawen aid ex-
bvyo ii most .hki!)lil artists, expre":ly for
ik. ;iatol c;ii;iot he plrociued in ray'.
M1i iiro % ife% !it ietiiaibcr l vI llunll(: p le! >,
ntily o*f !i;:ttej Contain.ed in the 1irro:. ad
lhl uailily-of'ile pailier. and tlhe general
!Ile i eecllin. i t I:: by lfr l'sa e l:eanpe.t.
dili iii thin ULnied Sta:cs. \ Vocks of a
li'aract r in i!:ali ld in (reait Britain ai-
lhouin!itiil ,il.ppned. are much more ex-
: in in;ln i.nstaiilne. we believe, they ia-
io iit.;t y (m;uble tile price o'fthis journal.
se wl\io ni:ay wish more filly to under-
ie character o' the work, and to coninence'ipiioiis on the opening of a new vo-
cil':*p it is proper to say, that amonge a
of other subjects, it embraces the follow-
nal Moral Tales-either fictions,or foun-
events of real life, in the United States of
ews-ofpublications, Foreign and Domes-
mal .ssays---on literature, morals. history,
s, travels, American antiquities, the fine
lie C' racter-education, manners, beau-
ncnnm-Bt-grinphiy-or itiioricai ntketctr'- of
s of'such perr ons, of both sexes, as lit e
Celebrated tbr their heroism, virtue, forti-
ients, patriotism, 4&c.
ary Intelligence-or notices ofaew publi-
Draina-composing strictures on the Now
Itory Scleciions-with occasional re-
:1te.---hlt riouronl, literary, historical, & c.
n In : vents oflthe T'mes.
*y.-noigiiatl and selected;
tlher with nany other miscellaneous sub-
hiich it would be unnecessary now to enu-
nig *procured a new fornt of type for the
c, we sail occasionally percent our readers
cii new piweis olf uitlsc as may de.-ervc,
lunt o!' tie beauty of their conpositionu to
served in our pages. We conclude by re-
g. that so fhr as we have command of
ithe Mirror shall be nade to equal to any
periodical in '.urope.
Mirror is published every Saturday, for
onrietor, by LDaniel i'enshaw eit No.
il ian-strcet. It is printed in the royal
form, on fine paper, with bourgeois and
-two nui.bers comnplte a volume of four
d and sixteen royal1 quarto pages, for which
;iant eniraveod vignette title-page, and a
s index, are given.
terms are four dollars per annum payable
forwarded by the earliest mails-unles
se directed to all subscribers residing be-
he City of N. York.


, Friday, the 1lth of October. 1828 will be
ubhlislied b T. K. Grccnbank. No. G4.1

P rOj)oS&IiS,
A D D REi ED to the utndersigno
ed at Tallahasisee, will be roe
ceived until tile .3th of December
next, from Persons disposed to con-
tract for the work of removuig tlhei ob.
structions to the navigation of the
Inland passage between St. Marys
Harbour and St. Johns River, East
The obstructions are four in num-
her. Thefirst is a shallow channel
between St. Marys Harbour and
Nassau River, two miles in length,
left dry at low tide, and affording 3
feet debth of water at high tide.
The second obstruction is between
Nassau Rivertind Talbot inlet ; it
is about "00 yards in extent, and
is left dry at low tide.
The lhird'Wt struction, between
Talbot inlet and the St. Johns River,
is 400 y.irds ini extent and one toot
deep at lo t ide.
Th' finurih is a narrow bar at the
Sisters, near the St. Johns River.
It will e required to improve the
chlalels of Nos. 1 and 3 to a width
of 30 feet, and of No. 2 to a width
of 20 yards; and to remove the ob-
structions from all four of the above
pi.asages so as to admit of a depth
of not less thanl four feet at coinr
niqI half tide.
Prolpsals will be received for the
piertbirmalce of thei whole, or of any
of t'l divisions of the above work.
No pecuiIary adIvances nlust be
expected, and pa~ n:ents will only
b: made for work faithfully perfor-

Pr,.posals of the terms .on wtvica
100 able bodied lIabo rers, afccti.tcOm-
'd to the lus of the pnlde, cccid be
furnished, (their wages to be paid
monthly) will likewise be received
by the undersigned at the time and
place above mentioned.
The Undersigned will be at Jack.
so)lville andl at St. Augustine be.
tween the 1st and 5th of December
next, l aid will accoCmpi l any Gen.
tlimen disposed to offer for the con.
tranct, in a previous examination of
hise imjlatjtiutus -t u t 11 RAUVIgUttIQo-
of the inland passage proposed to bo
removed, and will personallyy explain
to them the nature of the work to,
be executed.
Agent for the Engineer
Nov. llth,--6-tf.



ALEh.~A. AtDAl!. Mpirshal. pruc S street Piiadeliain, a volume o splendid
Th. pallaeiasste Oct.PI824_ i, spendid
TIhaiasse Oc. t8282S-4--St-" views of AMERICAN SC'ENERY, as follows:
READY MADE CLOTHING. 1-A vie\ of Beck's Shot Tower, on the
Schuylkill, near Philadelphia, and adjacent scen-
i B U L L -A view of the Light Iouse on Long Island
M E R C A N T TA I L O R. Sound, with the adjacent scenery.
S3-A view of York, on Lake Ontario, with the
R ESPECTFU LLYinforms the fortifications.
I.J citizens of T'allhassee and "4-Chuarateristic Scenery on the Hudson Ri.
_W& citizens of T lhassee and ver.
the public generally, that lie has 5-View of New London, Connecticut, with
just received from New York, and adcescenernear Philadelphia, he
w--View of Lemon I-ill near Philadelphia, the
will dispose of, on the most reason- seat of Henry Pratt, Esq.
able terms for cash, anl extensive 7-The Tomb of Washington, at Mount Ver-
assortnment of fashionable Ready nr8-View of the Great Bend ofthe Susqehanna.
Made Clothing, consisting of 9-View of te Upper Falls of Solomon's
Black and Blue dress Coats, creek, Luzerne county Pa.
Bl0--View of the power Falls of Solomen's
Black, Green, Claret, Olive and che-k.
Miced Frock Coats, 11-View of the Cattakill Mountains from the

Blue, cl, G en ad mixed Hudson.
Blue, Black, Green and mixed S1--View of Frt Niagara on Lake Ontario,
Pantaloons, -from the Light House on the British side.
SSattitte and I!Ba p do. do. These views are executed in the Best style of
Philadelphia engraving, from drawings made up-
Black V ests, Plain, Figured and dn the spot. i ach plate wi!l be naeeot panied l.
Striped Silk Vests, a falland accurate descr.etiori thereof, so arIbo
,, ~ ake it perfectly intelligible to every person.. -.-
Marseilles, Valencia, Worsted The work will be printed and issued to san
and Cloth do. bers in the first style, on superior'paper, and- with
Pleated a!nd R.ffld Sh.irts, a handsomely printed cover, and-dellivered to
Pl, subs.rihcrs at the very low price of One dollars
Cotton Drawers, per copy. Flexible covers will be usedfor count-
Silk, Leather and Hair Stocks IbscWribcrs, so that they ctfn be safely sent by
S&Ci.mail. f
&c. &CU. i Any gentleman, Postmasters a d others,
Together with a general assort- who will interest themselves to precur-n sub-
I receive twelve copies. From the very flattering
mi1ngm ; 'i lptronage already received"' 1"2) subscribers
'* loties made up in the latest vineg putdown ihir names'" t' s vol a will
'New Y I. ,.,shions. All orIers probably be succeededed by anotlir,aI n a
Stlier plates can be engraved. Ali orders frout
thankfully received and punctually 'tte country will be promptly attended to. Ad-
attended to. e T. K. GREENBANK.
November 4th, 1828-5--tf. ^No. 64, Srmco Strcet, rhi!a'olphia

By th e President of the :rnt!d S.

- N pursuance of law, I, JOHN
QLt INCY Ai.A'.M.s, President of
lhe United States of America, do
iwreby declare and make known that
I 'IPBLIC SALE will be held at the
Iand Office at TALI. IIAS.EE, in
the Territory'of Florida, on the sc-
:oul AModay irnJanuqry, lt29, fior
the disposal oflthe public larids sit*
.ate wi bii the limits of the under-
niention*d townships and fractional
towlshilps, vis:
North of the Base Line and Wlest
ofthe MJeridian.
Fractional Township one, of
range three.
Fractional Township one, of
range five.
Fractional Township four, of
range six.
Townships two, three,four, fic,
six, and fractional townshipseven.
of ranges./ ifeen, and sixteen.
Townships one, four, five, six,
and fractional township seven, of-
range sercvteen.
Townships one, two, three, four,
five, and fractional township six,
of range eighteen and nineteen.
South ofJ t/e Base Line and 'Wes
of the Meridian.
Township one, of ranges eif
teen, and nineteen.
Also, at the same time and place,
will be exposed to sale, the unap.
propriated part of that track of land
in township two, north of range
four, west. ,her ofore known as
'Necamathlias 'Leservation."
The townships to be-ofiered in
the order above designated, begin.
ini with the lowest number of seec
iL7 in each township.
:i*The landsa,"scrved by law for the
use of Schoolj.or for other pur-
poses, are to be excluded from the
; GIVEN under my hlnd at the
City of Washington, tjiis fourth day
of Octet r, A. D. .1A82..
By tho President:
% Commissioner qf ,Jhc General
Land Office.
Tallahassee Nove. tr 5th 1828.
-o-sl~ ts



-I -- RA N. T. ---- ..**. *.. -L .A -96
votrsIMM Ir

**JACKrlOXVILLE COUR 4irit, mountainss' I can 14 nel ther for spi9Akiir pi
.ru."I O*f 0* A w -as mrm so much, fearhllg it would exhaust I
C.her. e
I,. CURRIER & CO. Oh no!' she relied; '*if ever you are a
Taots--il4 .tr, payable half yearly a stronger, dying in a irangu land, you
in advane ng papers enta. will know how lightull it ui to think, to
Advertis ent itnst.rad, aad contracts sleak of home. a ou nay have attuetion b
made for ye ry idvertisin, on reaoabl oskilfe phyc f land kind Fricods, but o
teram. the heart will year for tdie tendencies Oafu
All cotm d a ions b mall may be ad, mother's love; Ut look that booths the I
dressed to I.E LI, t-ditor of th Cou. pain that medicine banot reach-that arms s
rtef,-pst a Ecasme, to be ld. the aflfction of a ure against its suffer- t
r -p l -- = ins. You will tidu learn how diftlrent 9
StARTING SONG. are the attentions e owe to motives of a
\ .--,U -MA<. kindness and du those which the a
When will yea. d heas ofl e. After
-Pe wil t 'this dyigamong 0
e..jftr 3eWl- i strangers is indeed a hard death. If you '
When the last red light, the farewell of dy, knew how the heart turns from the atten- i
From the rock and the river ispapsing away, tions they ofltr, to all which they cannot I
When the air with adeep'ninghush isfraught bestow-from the looks of pity, to the
And the heart grows burdened with tender looks of love that are far away, that have s
A th ght- watch d and wept over our tomb-to feel r
thought-i a tny of those, who will watch in pain i
Then let it be or or return-to think how the eye will t
When will ye think of he, kind friends? gro dim, and the cheek pale, at the r
When will ye think of me'- thought that the conflict is indeed over, r
When will ye think of me an the child has falle,, unshielded by the 1
hen the rose of the rich midsummer time kler of a mother's love-to be denied s
s filled with the hues of its glorious prime; in death, the kind look of that only love t
When ye gather its bloom, as in bright hours tht was unchanged through life-to feel I
fled, t ties of this world draw closer round the e
From the walks where my footsteps no more b art, at the moment they are to be sever- P
Spread; e forever-imagine all this, and you will '
may read; have a faint idea ofthe feelings of a (
Then let it be! ing exile.'
When will ye think of me, sweet friends? J'The next morning I went to visit her. !
When will ye think of me found her still in her chair, but evidently
When will ye think of me aIore weak and exhausted, The bright
When tire sudden tears o'erflow your eye ye and unnatural bloom re still there,
At the soundof some olden melody; ut her countenance was ,re sunk and
When ye hear the voice of a mountain stream, hollow. She smiled when she saw e 1
When ye feel the charm of a poet's dream; 'enter, and motioned me to her; told me in p
Then let it be' a voice much more feeble than I had be-
Sfore known, that I had come to bid her m
Thus let my memory be with you friends'! farewell; and pointing to the sea, which ]
Thus ever think of me! was visible from the window near which
Kindly and gently, but as of one she sat, she added in a half layful man- *]
S'tis well to be fled and g ; ner, 'I shall soon embark; feel that I
For who'ts wll o be fledandgone; have seen the sun rise for the last time,
As of a bird from a chain unbound, and pleased myself with the thought that
As of a wanderer whose home is found: it is the same sun that shines at home.: I I
So let it be. sit and watch the waters and the breeze,
and the clouds that come from ta-east, as 5
AFPCT'IN SbCEfE. if they could tell me of En lad, and those
It is now'betweenwo and three years I love.' 'It seems hard t our weak na-
since a young Enairthman, with his sister, ture,' she resumed after pause, 'to be
a beautiful and complished girl of six- summoned so early to le e this beautiful
teen, arrived in this country. Having world, yet I regret itmor for my friends
business to transact hpre,aud thinking that than for myself. I desire to feel resigned i
a change of climate fnd sea air might be to the dealings of Provi ence in all my
beneficial to her health, he brought her sufferings, and trust I can ay, Not my will
-with him, and having placed her in a beau- but thine, O God, be don .' Then giving
tiful and retired situation, he left her, to m6 a small packet of lett ., she added,-
attend to his business in some otber.part 'you will deliver this.' Then drawing
of the county tut I soon, learned that. me nearer, and lowering her voice,.she
this beautiful. and interesting female, was continued with some b tation-'There
the victj~ of that disease which, in his is one to whom my affe ons are pledged,
desolatat.narch, veeps so "many of the to whom my hthd should have been given.
youugAai beautiful into the grave. Con- I fear most for him. I not know how
sumption had fas, ned upon her young he will receive the tidin of my death.
ap# delicate frani and although for -a 'He is already on hisp to this coun.
ti~e'it appeared to iave been checked, it try, and will soon be he ~ Promise m
suddenly re-appear d with all the symp- not to part with this er but into hi
toms ofspeedy and rapid dissolution. Her hands.' 'One thing moe ,'sheadded,an
brother was immediately sent for, but the showed me a small mini ure of her lover
letters did not reach i him until it vas too It was his first gift,' pai she, 'an4 I-pro-
late. I then learn d that sh ehad a lover mised never to part wit it. When. Iam
whose anxiety for er healthi~had induced dead, lay it on my h and let itbe uri leave his country, to: fobow her ed with me: he will th n visit my gra
lere, and that he as opw tualy o his when he- comes; then t I him thatI lov
passage.' him.tqo .the last, Prom this.' I prom
Her situation w 'now truly distereting;. ise ,. ,
her bFother absen her lover 'not yet arri- It enoughh,' said she: 6 now pvr ce me
ved a stranger in strange land, the hand so. that Ican seethe waters-be will come
of deathupon hbr, and conscious that it from '.theuce-tel4 him, that all my last
\was dealing withher-yet'never did a mur- thought whichw ere not claimed by i ea.-
mur escape her, ls. 'I visited her con- ven, were qnhome and him.' In this sit-
s.tantly, till I thoughher too it to receive nation she expired.
me, when I reluctantly discoiitinged my I have since fully redeemed ny pledge,
visits'uill informed she expressed regret at The portrait of the lover was buried with
.my-absence. -In-irnedati-y caled--tcrse her.- I visited the"grave with htm, .an a
her. She was siting I a chair, her head delivered themessage she had dictated.
reclining on the back, th that unnatural But the blow was fatal to oqe already Jar.
but beautiful bloom so peculiar tothe dis- boring under feeble health. The canker.
ease. Her eye kindled or a moment as.I worip too was in his heart, and the' lover
entered. '.This is kin' paid she. I ap- now leeps at the iide of his beloved.
preached and took her and, which was "
.already wasted into the ghastly resem- -SNUFF TAKING. Yet snufftaking is an
balance of a skeleton.-' T is is indeed kind old custom. If we came suddenly upon it.
-I feel a stranger in 'you beautiful coun- in a, foreign country, it would, make us
try, but I shallsoon go ome.' I could split our sides with laughter A grave
'only reply by pressing t1e, hand I held-- gentleman takes a little casket out of his
my heart was too full for uterance. I do pocket, puts a finger and thurabjo, brings
not fear death,' she ,conm ed, 'for Iam am aya.pminch of a sort of powder, and then,
in the hands of that mruii Pgrovidence with the most serious air possible,'as.f he
who has ever been kin to 4ie; but I feel was doing one of the most import ac-
that I could meet it with 'more composure, :tionsofhis life (for even with the mob ~ e
under the paternal xoof amid the friends differep snuff takers there i a ce.i'r
of my childhood. Those trees,' said she, ilpok of importance) proceeds tp thrust, and
pointing to some, 'oaks ~at' were saying' keeps, thusing it t b:is nose; after which,
epre.theo pet windows.-.'hAosetreesareebe shakeg~i .bad, or his waitcoat," or his
beautifUil, bu tthy are b the,trees of nositsel or all three, in the style of a,
Eqglad --ofmy hote 11 would now give man 'Wbo.iadone his duty, an n satisfied
upr to see the elms that stand before, my. the mqq 'se' of his yvell being.
fat etIi' door, the gardenaove which' have 'It is. courouatfo ee the various. ,modes in
so often played, any thing t belonged. tpo; whih"peopTe take snuff. Soine do it by
home, e the nmosupo~its windows, little ityi.start~ and.get over. the thing
your ^ ^fazaraqta. ^ qspyl 'We4 ^q epigrammatic .souff

akcr, who come to die point as fast as
onlible, and to whom the pungency is
Very thing. They generally uw a sharp
and severe snuff, a sort of essence of pin
oints. Others are all urbanity and ibl-
shod demeanor; they value thq styljas
nuch as tho snhation, and offer thebox
round atmluch out of dignity as bene vo-
lence. Some take snuff irritably, others
bashfully, others in a manner as dry as the
ouff itself, generally with an economy of
the vegetable; others with a luxuriabce of
gesture, and a lavish ia of supply, that
announces a moister ricle, and sheds its
uperfluous honors o eW.yneckclokt and
eoat. Dr. Johnson%' wafs pirobhly one
of this kind. He used to take it out of his
waistcoat pocket, instead of a box. There
is a species of long-armed snuff takers, that
perform the operation in a style \f potent
and elaborate preparation, ending with a
sudden activity. But smaller and rounder
men sometimes attempt it. He fist puts
his head on one bide, then stretches forth
the arm, with pinch in hand; then brings
round his hand, as a snuff taking elephant
might his trunk; and finally, shaker snuff;
head, and'nose together, in a sudden vehe-
nence of convulsion. His eye-brows all
the while are lifted up, as if to make the
more room foi the onset; and when be has
ended, he draws himself back to his per-,
pendicular and generally proclaims the
victory he has won over the insipidity of
of the precious moment, by a sniff, and a
great "bah !"-[Leigh Hunt's Journdl.

.* '*A

net pursuant to adjournment; a quorum
being present, the journal of yesterday's
proceedings was read. :-.
The following Standing Com ,ittees
were appointed by the President of the
Legislative Council, to wit:
2 i Judiciary.-Messrs Smith, Blount,
Downing, Walker, Putnam, *raden.
Finance-Messrs. Blount, Bellamy, Fitz-
ijtrick, Love, Mitchell, Wood.
Banks Messrs. Fitzpatrick, Smith,
Blount, Putnam, Mitchell.
ElecIonm-Messrs. Love, Hunter, Mc-
Noil,-PVaioh4h acon, WaHekur--, .'.
State of the Territory.-Messrs. Bellamy,
Fitzpatrick, Putnam, Walker, Downing.
Militia. Messrs. Prikit, McKinnon,
Parish, Brown, Holmes.
Agriculture. -Messrs. Mooring, Priest,
McKinnon, Duval, Macon, Edwards, Hig-
EnrolledBills.-Messrs. Putnam, Brown,
Braden, lolmes, Edwards.
Claims.- Messrs. Duval, McKinnon,
Hunter, Higginbotham, Edwards..
Schools an6 CoUeges.-Mdbsrs. Downing,
Priest, Macon, Brown, Duval.
And on motion of Mr Putnam, fifty
printed copies are ordered.
Mr Holmes gave notice tMt he would
on some future day, ask leave to introduce
a bill, authorizing John O. Sewall, to es-
tablish a ferry across the Chipola river, near
Also a bill tod divorce, Martha Ann Park-
er from her husband.William Parker.
Mr Love gave notice that he will at some
future day, ask leave to introduce a bill, to
amend the Election laws of this Territory.
On motion of Mr Bellamy, Moses Ellis,
door keeper, took the oath o;office.
The House then adjourned until to-mor-
row at 12.0'clock.
TaHuasAY, JANIARY 8,- Te House
met pursuant to .adjournmnt, quorum
being present, the 'journal "f yesterday's
proceedings was'read. .
Mr Putnam gave., notice, tha at some fu-
ture day;'he will ask leave, to introduce a
billto be entitled, an act providing for the
partition of 'real and personal property in
!the CO~irt qf Iaw and equity in' this Ter-
ritory. ', e .
i Also, ,ill, to be entitled act to re-
Ipeal al Laws- rlating to th raising and
collecting a 'Teriitorial Rev hue for the
Territory of. Florida.
Also, a bill, to bb 'entitled act to in-
corporate the Methodist Epis opal Church
in the City of St. Augustine.
" Parish gave notice, th he will on
some future day, introduce a 111 to incor-
;porate tlie Town of Montice o.
, Mr Dwning presented t e petition of
Iyes. Heaer Burke, paying t be divorced
from her husband Thomas' urke-which
on his motion, together with he accompa-
nying lettd's, was referred to i select com-
'mittee-Mssrs. Downing, ellamy, and
Blount, w appointed their .
Mr Putn am presented th petition of
Mary J. Fdotane, praying to e authorised
:by an act of the Legislative uncil, to sell
certain real estate, as there expressed;
which, on his motion was rq rred to a se-
lect committee, with leave to report by bill'
or otherwise-Messra.'Putna i Smith and
"Wood, were appointed there .
Mr Putnarj presented ex cts from the

_ _


From a copy of the earliest extant issue of a Jacksonville newspaper

in the library of P. K. Yonge and J. C. Yonge, Pensacola, Florida.


resentments of the Grand Jury, for the
Counties of St. Johns and Musluito,at the i
June Term, 1834, and the DecemtlwrTenn, '
1834, and on his motion it was ordered,
that so much thereof as relates to law, be
referred to the Judiciary coumittee-so I
much as relates to Finance be referred to I
the committee on Finance-and so much J
as relates to Internal Improvements, be re-
ferred to the committee on the State of the
Mr Fitzpatrick presented the petition of
Indiana C. T. Richards, with an accompa- 4
nying certificate, praying to be divorced
fronl, herhusbad Woleutclahrdr At I
so te petition of Alexander Patterson,
praying to be divorced from his wife Eliza
-with accompanying certificates. Also ,
the petition of Mary Ann Child, praying to
be divorced from lr husband Hale Child
with an accompanying certificate; which,
on his motion, were severally referred to a
select committee, with leave to report by
bill or otherwise-Messrs, Fitzpatrick, Bel-
lamy, and Downing, were' appointed
Mr Fitzpatrtck presented the petition of
sundry inhabitants of the City of Key
West, praying a repeal of incorporation of
said city, and for other purposes therein
expressed, which on his motion, was refer-
red to a select committee-Messrs. Fitz-
patri'ck, Downing, and Walker, were ap-
pointed thereon.
Also the presentmentsof the Grand Jury
of Monroe County, made at the adjourned
December Term, 1834--which, on his mo-
tion, |aas refrred to the committed on the
Statewof th Territory.
Mr Duvaloffered the following Pream-
bld and Resolution, to wit:
WHEREAS, It,has pleased Divine Provi-
dence. to remove from among'us, NATHAN
BraD, a member elect of third body from
the County of Leon.:.--An4 Whereas, The
members of this body impressed with the
most lively, sense of the great loss that they
and the country have sustained, in a be-
reavenient, that has deprived them of aht
aid of one from whose eleVated virtues, ar-
dent zeal for the public good, and past
services, so much was to have been antici-
pated,-and-deesirous of- n gi per
manifestation of theirre brdeparted
Be it therefore. Resolved, That in token
of their high respect for the memory of
the deceased, and their deep regret for his
loss, the members of the Council wear
crape on the left arm during the re.aiader
of thb present session.
And the rule of the House being waived,
the same vwas 'put on its passage and
The annual Message, of his Excellency
the Governor was taken up from the or-
ders of the day: when the House resolved
itself into a committee of the whole there-
on after some time spent therein the com-
mittee arose; And Mr Bellamy therefrom
reported the following Resolution, to wit:
Resolved, That so much of the Gover-
nor's Message as relates to a survey of the
Coast of Florida-the building of Light
houses-to Internal Improvements, ..and
the construction, and keeping in'repair, of
common Roads, be referred to the.commit-
tee on the State of the Territory.
Resolved, That so much thereof as re-
lates to the Revenue, and the manner of
its collection and disbursements; 'and also
as relates tp the subject of gaming" be re-
ferred to the committee on Finance.
Resolved, That so much thereof as re-
lates to the Criminal Code-The manner
of arresting fugitives from justice; and the'
compensation which shall be made to the-
owners of executed slaves, be referred-to.
the committee on the Judiciary,
Resolved, Thiat so much 'tereof as re-
lates to the subject of Educatipn be refer-
red to the committee on Schools and Col-
Resolved, That so much thereof as re-
lates to the'Central Bank',of Florida, and
the Bank of Pensacola, and the accompa-
nying reports, be referred to tie committee
on Bahks.
Which was concurred in,by the House,
and said Resolutions were put on their pas-
sage apd adopted.
The House then adjourned until to-mor-
row at 12 o'clock.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 9.-The House met
pursuant to adjournment, a quorum being
present, the journal of yesterday's proceed-
ings was read,
Mr Putnam, pursuant to previous notice,
asked and obtained leave to introduce A
bill to provide for the partition of real and
personal property in the Courts of Law
and Eqiuity in this Territory,"-which on
his motion was read by its title aed refer-
red to the Judiciary committee.
Mr Hohnes,,pursuant to'previous notice,
asked and obtained leave to introduce a
bill to be entitled,- ",An act authorising,
John O. Sewall to establish a ferry across
Chipola nver near Maria~ia .--whichIp4

his motion, was read by it title, san refer-
rel to the couuniuee on dIe Mtate of the)
Mbr lltgginbolthan, gave notice, that on
omet future day, he will ask klear to in-
lrodu e a bill, "To change the name of
Elizabeth Underwood, to hat of Elizablth
Mr l1olmes gave notice, dhat hI will on
some future day, ask leave lto introduce a
bill to amend an act concerning Executon.
The Reprt of Charles Ausun, Treasur-
er of the Territory of Flordka, was taken
up fro thordt sf,^ d*i
nnt e cci
thereof are ordered.
The Report of Thomas Brown, Auditor
of the Territ6ry of Florida, was taken up,
and on motion of Mr Bloiut, 500 copies
are ordered.
The House then adjourned until to-mor-
row at 12 o'clock.
SATUrrAY, JANUARY 10.-The House
met pursuant to adjournment, a quorum
being present, the journal of yesterday's
proceedings was read.
On m6tuon of Mr Bellamy, Mr Dupont
a member elect from Gadsden County,
was duly qualified and admitted to take
his seat.
On motion of Mr Bellamy, Mr Dupont
was added tosthe committee on the Judi-
ciary, and on the State of the Territory.
On motion of Mr Duval, Mr Dupont was
added to the committee on Claims.
On motion ofMrfitzpatrick, Mr Duval
was added to the committee on Bants.
Op motion of Mr. Blount, Mr Putnam
was added to the committee on Finance.
Mr Putnam. gave notice that on some
fu tre day, he will as leave to introduce
a bill entitled an act in relation to Fees.
Mr Fitzpatrick gave notice, that he will
introduce a some future'day to pro.
vide.for taking the Census of the Territory
of Florida.,
, Mr Downing gave notice, that he will
i~niiduce a bill to make New Spnyrna, the
Conltitv Seat ot Mosquito county.
Mr Drval gave notice, that on'some fu-
tre'day, he will ask leave to introduce a
bill to be entitled an act for the encourage-
ntcanick.....: .- --.
Mr Putiiin pursuant to notice previous-
ly given, asked and obtained leave to in-
troduce' a bill, entitled an act to incorpo-
rate the Methodist Episcopal Church, in
the City of St. Augustine-w-iich was read.
the first tine'by its title, and made the or-
dea of the day for. a second on Monday
Mr Bellamy offered the presentments of
the Grand Jury of Duval County, made at
this December Term, 1834-which on his
motion so far as they relate to the laws
were referred to the Judiciary Committee
and all other matters therein .are. referred
to the Comnmittee on the State of the Ter-
Mr. Putnam presetited the petition of
Peter Mitchell and others, proprietors of
the Alachua Grant, praying that for the
present, the lands contained in that grant,
may be exempt from taxation-which on
his motion, was referred to a select com-
mittee---Iessrs. Putnam, Fitzlpatrick, and
Smith, were appointed qn that committee.
Mr.Holmes offered sundry Resolutions,
in relation to the establishment of a mail
r.ute from- Cambeltor, Florida, to Monti-
cello, Alabama-which were read, and laid
on the.table.
Mr Downing, from the committee to
whom was referred the petition of Hester
Burke. reported a lill, entitled an act to di-
vorce Hester Burke and Thomas Burke-
which was read, and on motion of Mr Bel-
lamy, made the order of the day for a
second reading on to-day,
.Mr Putnam from the committee to whom
Was referred the petition-of Mary J. Fon-
tane, reported a bill, entitled an act to au-
thorise Mary J. Fontane to sell and con-
vey certain real estate which was read, and
on hs~ motion, made the order of the day
for a second reading on Tuesday next.
A bill entitled an act to divorce Heste'
Burke and Thomas Burket was taken up
from the orders of the day-On motion of
Mr Bellamy, said bill, was read a second
and third tume by its title (the rule of the
House being waived) and passed. Ordered
that thfe. title be as before stated.
Th*e IIouse' then adjourned until Mon-
day :. xt at'12 o'clock.
lM;oXDAY,'JANUARy 12.--The House met
pr::;iat to'adjournment, a quorum being
Artsent, the journal of yesterday's, pro-
.,:lingsws was read.
i Mr McNeil gave notice, that on some fu-
f itiday, he will ask leave to introduce a
bi.l, to be entitledan act, to fix permanent-
ly the County Seat of Madison, and to pro-
vide for holding two terms of the Superior,
Court in said County.
Mr Braden gave notice, that on some
future day, he will ask leave \o introduce
at bill, concerning Dower.
Mr Mitchell gave notice, that he 9*


West Florida .dvertiser.

Vol. I. SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1,824. No 2
I i- ~

Published every Saturday
Publisher of the Laws of the United Staces
and of the Territory of Florida.
Subscription Five dollars a year in ad-
.vance. Advertisements not excee4inga
square, first insertion One Dollar-.each
subsequent insertion Fifty Cnts. LOarger
ones in proportion. _W.

B" AiuthOYrty.
BEStLUTION in relation to an intend-
de visit of the Marquis De Lafayette to
the United States.
The Marquis de Lafayette hav.
ing expressed his intention to re-
visit this country-
Resolved, by the Senate and
House of Refiresentatives of the
United States oJ America in Con-
gress assembled, That the Presi.
dent be requested to communicate
to him the assurances of grateful
and affectionate attachment still
cherished for him by the Govern.
ment and People of the United
States :
And be itfurther resolved, That
whenever the President shall be in-
formed'of the time when the Mar-
quis may be ready to embark, that
a National Ship, with suitable ac.
commodations, be employed, to
bring him to the United States.
Speakerof the House of Representatives
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.
Washington, February 4th 1824

At this time when the great poli-
tical parties, which a few years
ince divided our country have
become so mingled that the dis-
tinctions of party names are no
longer known, the Editor thinks it
scarcely necessary to say that he
is attached to no party and bound
to no man or set of men; and at
the same time pledges himself that
the Pensaopla Gazette, while it
remains in his hands, shall always
be independently conducted on
genuine republican principles.
It will be the constant'endeavor
of the subscriber, to render his pa-
per as interesting to his patrons
and as useful to the public as pos-
sible, by'the selection of such ar-
ticles of news, both foreign and
domestic, as are of importance, and
the insertion of such essayson com-
mercial, agricultural and political
subjects, as may convey useful in-
formation or give rise to salutary
Ever prompt in expressing aid
ready to defend, the opinions he
may adopt on any suzbjetct, his co-
lunis will always be open to calm,
dispassionate, and dignified com-
munications, as well of those who
do not, as of those* who do agree
with hin. And while he solicits the
correspondence of his friends on
matters of science, taste and litera-
ture, as well as on topics of public
interest, he hopes that no other
communications will be nfftrci, as
he should consider it his duty to
Reject them without hesitation.
W. Hasel! Hunt
Penacolap 20th February, 1824.
The Petmeola Gazette and 'Wet Florida
advertiserr will be published once a week
at Five Dollars per annum, payable inva.
riably in advance.
Advertisements not exceeding a square,
of the usual size, will b. inserted at the
rate of One Dollar for the first, and Fifty
Cents for every subsequent insertion; long.
er ones in proportion. Merchants and
others advertising by the year, will have a
liberal deduction made from the amount
Of their bills.
While patronage is earnestly solicited,
it is hoped that all who subscribe will
omply with te condition of paying in
advance ; and therby prove themselves
real patrons.
Subscribers to the Floridian, not with.
drawing their names, will be considered
as wishing to receive the Gazette, and
expected to comply with the conditions.
Gentlemen procuring subscribers are
lequested to send in their names without
W. H. H.


January 24, 1824*
SiR i In compliance with the re-
solutid of the Iouse of Represen.
tative4 of the 15th December lkst,
"that e President of the United
Statesbe-requested to coinmmufii-
cate a plan for a Peace Establish-
ment of the Navy of the United
States," I have the'honor to pre-,
sent, for your consideration, a plan
for re-organizing the naval estab-
lishment. It is designed merely as
the project of a bill, to exhibit the
principles which are deemed bene-
ficial in their application to the
service, without regard to the
words or form of the law, should
one be founded upon it; and is ac-
companied by a variety of tables
and estimates, calculated to ex-
plain and illustrate its operation.
In fixing the naval establish-
ment, the first objects of atten ion
are, the number and size of the
vessels which are to be built, botn
for peace and war. By them the
number and grade of the officers,
and the number and size of the navy
yards, stations, and depots, must
be regulated. Considerations pe-
culiar to each of these naturally
come into view, but the whole must
have relation to the first object.-
The management and discipline of
the service must be governed by a
code of rules and regulations, a-
dapted to the character of the es-
tablishment. Such a code must
be prepared, should this or any o-
ther project be carried into execu-
tion; but, as it must be founded up,
on the law, and be c nsistent with
its principles, it cannot be prepared
until after the law has been passed.
To determine the number and grade
of officers of which the establish-
ment ought to consist, it is neces-
sary, first, to ascertain the proper
number and importance qf navy
yards and stations, and the number
and class of the vessels which the
situation of the country requires
to be kept in commission and in
active service; and, secondly, how
many ought to be kep, in readiness
for a state of war. The former will
prescribe the limit below which
we cannot descend without a dis-
regard of the public interest. The
latter will exhibit a point above
which we need not rise. The for-
mer is indispensable; prudence and
policy demand that we provide fur
the latter.
It is believed that the naval sta-
tions at Erie and Whitehall are
not useful now, and that no course
of events can hereafter render them
necessary to the public defence.-
Two only of the vessels at Sack-
ett's Harbor are worthy of preser-
vation, and they can be protected
by a few men. The two former of
these stations may therefore be
abandoned as soon as the public
property at them can be disposed
of or removed; and the later may
be maintained on a very reduced
scale at an expense of about 82,000.
.ihe three stations now cost annu-
ally, about 827,000.
When proper depots shall be se-
lected and established, several of
the existing yards and stations on
the Atlantic board may be either
altogether abandoned, or the ex-
pense oLthcim greatly curtailed, by
m;hitaining a few officers and men
to minister to the wants of vessels
which necessity shall compel to
visit them, either for provisions or
repairs. But, as thee are vessels
on the stocks at six of these yards,
none of them can, at this time, be
abolished; but the expense of them
may be somewhat diminished.--
Their number and situation are
well known, and their annual cost

may be seen by paper D, annexed
to the bill. In the report from this
Department, at the commence-
ment of the Session, the force is
mentioned which it was proposed
to keep in commission during the
present year, and a hope expressed
that it might be found sufficient to
accomplish the protection and de-
fence of our commercial and other
interests. That force, however,
was calculated for a state of the
most peaceful and friendly rela-
tions, and looked only to the in.
terests then' mentioned, without

reference to the policy of promot-
ing the growth of the navy, or any
of those considerations which arise
from changes in our relations with
other powers, or the propriety of
such a disposition of our naval
force, as shall enable us to pass

with least injury from the attitude
of peace to that of war; abd give
to our officers the skill and experi-
ence which will fit them to defend
and protect the honor and interests
of the nation. In re-organizing
the navy, these considerations can-
not be overlooked. And it is be-
lieved that there is enough in the
state of the world, and our own
situation, to prevent us from being
unmindful of them at this time.--
It seems to be our duty to keep
such a force in commission, as
will protect all our scattered in-
terests, secure the respect of other
powers, and give active service
sufficient to qualify as many offi-
cers as will be required to com-
mand and managed the whole of
our vessels, when 'necessity shall
call for their use. Long and ac-
tive employment are essential to
give naval skill and experience;
and, without them, our vessels are
insecure, and our character, as a
nation, in danger of being degra-
ded. It were better to hate no
ships, than to have them filled with
incompetent and unskillful officers.
The following is the least force
which it would be safe to provide
for, and keep in commission, and
active service ; In the Mediter-
ranean, one ship of the line, one
frigate, one sloop of war, and one
schooner: In the Atlantic, inclu -
ing our own coast, the West In-
dies, the Gulfof Mexico, and the
coast of Africa, one ship ofthe line,
one frigate, four sloops of war, and
four schooners; In the Pacific, one
frigate, two sloops of war, and one
schooner; For occasional services,
in which the vessels on those sta.
tions cannot be emiployeolone fri-
gate, and one sloop of war-in
the whole, two ships of the ine,
four frigates, eight sloops of war,
and six schooners. Many.of these
vessels will be on distant stations,
in going to and returning from
which, much time must be con-
sumed; and all will require fre-
quent repairs, refitting, and ex-
change of crews. Other vessels
must, therefore, be kept in com.
mission to relieve them, and a
force, equal to about one-fifth of
the whole amount, will be neces-
sary for this purpose.
It is then respectfully sub.nitted,
that the number of oilicers and
men required for the navy yards
and stations on the Atlantic board,
and for the vessels before men-
tioned, is, with proper allowan ,e
for sickness and casua ties, the
lowest for which provision can
safely be made in the contempla-
ted organization of the naval estab-
lishment. It is for this, wtth other
reasons, hereafter mentioned, thati
the project submitted in the first
section mentions this number as
the least which the President of
the United States shall be premit.
ted to retain.
When the vessels now authori-
zed by law to be built are complete
ed, there will be (besides those on
the lakes) 12 ships of the line, 12
frigates of the first class, 3 frigates
of the second class, 3 steam bat-
teries, one other post ship, 6
schooners, including the Spark,
and 15 sloops of war, should Con-
gress order ten more to be built.--
These, when in commission, to-
gether with the shore stations,
will require the number of officers
mentioned in the second section,
and. which is therefore taken as
the largest which it is at this time
necessary to authorize. The ves-
sels having been built, and being
designed for our protection from

foreign aggression, ie must train
officers to command and manage
them. It is worse than useless to
have vessels, which cannot be em-
ployed for the want of officers, and
great folly to entrust them to those
whose ignorance and inexperience
will endanger their safety. The
experiment would be alike hazard-
ous and prodigal. An effort has,
therefore, been made, in the propo-
sed organization, so to arrange the
grade and number of officersas
not only to manage, in the best
way, the force necessary for proC

sent use, but to enable us in the to co-operate with those of any
most rapid, cheap, and efficient othernation. In such cases, rank
manner, to pass into a state of war, must be respected. Our officers,
and employ all our vessels in active' for want of it, may always be su-
service. By comparing the first bordinate; our fleets, no matter
& second sections, it will be perceiv- what their power, be subject to the
ed that the officers of the highest orders of others, though command.
grades, requiring the greatest skill ing a very inferior force, and our
and experience, which are pro- reputation be thus placed where it
posed to be retained, will be corn- might not al-vays be safe. His-
petent to the command of all the tory furnishes some valuable illus-
vessels; and that, by the prothotion trations on this point. One ad.
of some of the most skilful, from ditional, but inferior grade, that
the inferior grades, and introduc- of sub-lieutenant, is also proposed;
ing as many as may be necessary, it is meant to provide increased
into the lowest, where skill is least rank and pay for passed midship.
needful. the whole will be organiz- men, who have distinguished
ed with facility. But. in order to themselves by zeal and activity,
fit the officers of the inferior grades in discharging their duties, and
for promotion, it is indispensable qualifying themselves for pron o-
that the force before mentioned be tion, and for whom there may be
kept i'n commission, and the ofli- no vacancies in the rank of Leute-
cers named in the first section be. nant.
employed as constantly as circum- The expense of the proposed
stances will permit. With the increase of ranks, compared with
vessels now in commission, this its advantages, is trivial; public
object cannot be accomplished. A expenditure is always to be mea-
great portion of the science of the sured by the public advantage re-
naval com sanders can be acquired suiting from it; atd if six or seven
only on the ocean, and by years of hundred officers can be excited to
labor and discipline. It is in vain useful exertion; discipline and
to hope for a triumphant defence efficiency increased; causes of
ofournational interests and charac- irritat'oni with other nations, and
ter there, without we thoroughly of mortification to ourselves, di.
train, educate, and discipline, minishied; such an expenditure
those who have to fight our bat- will be found to be true economy.-
ties. To ensure such a defence, Besides, in examining this, in coun
beyond hazaud, it is confidently nexion with other parts of the pro-
believed, that the nation will cheer- pos'ed organization, it will he seen,
fully meat the requisite expense.- that, although there be'a small in-
Connected with this point, it is not crease of expense on one.point,
improper to suggest, that the early yet, by adopting the whole, the ex-
education of most of our officer, pense of the naval establishment
is very unequal to -the character will be diminished.
they have subsequently to sustain. The temporary rank of captain
and that an effectual remedy can commanding a squadron in chief,
be found only in the establishment is authorized for cases of netesity,
of a naval school. and as a temporary reward for
We have no rank above that of distinguished merit. The persons
Captain. The proposed organiza- attached to the flag offi..ers are
tion gives three higher grades. It useful, hut to be employed only on
;t I;u .,t C, -pptnopfl p6.%l fr,* tI eftrV.rn" l o"t.0 titcllar O 'caSOn
with mihuteness ii this report, the It will be perceived, that the
whole argument in favor of this design in rating the vessels :s to
increase, as if it were a new ques- arrange the compensation of the
tion. It has been frequently pre- officers by their responsibilit), and
sented to the public consideration. ahew the proper compleuiet for
Theexperience of all nations, botn each class.
in land and naval forces, has led The leading principle in that
to the same result in relation to it. part of the ptoptsed organization
No one has ever been able to corn- which relates to pay, is to appor-
mand her armies or her fleets by tion it to the amount and impor-
Captains. And our experience lanceof the se vice performed, that
does not justify us in believing, no whose responsibility is greatest,
that our success in such an expert- and who is engaged in the m .st
ment will be greater. Rank is ne- active duties, should receive the
cessair to enforce discipline; atn, highest compensation. Hence,
orders ofa superior are always mot e three general rates are proposed: 1.
readily obeyed than those of an For those in active service. 2. For
equal in grade. Rank is equally those who hold themselves in rea.
necessary to ensure the science diness for active service; or are en-
required to command an extensive gaged in merchant vessels, acqui'r-
force, which differs from, and is of ing that knowledge of seamanship,
a much higher character than that which will enable them most skdl-
which is competent to the eom- perform their duties. 3. For
mand of a single vessel, the desire, those on furlough for definite or
also, to reach the higher rank, indefinite periods, and who are not
will create, strenuous exertion t employed in merchant vessels.
acquire the information which is To the first class, in some cases,
suited to it, and operate extensive- the sante, and, in others, higher
ly on the general character of the pay is given, than is now allowed.
whole corps. If you would induce The advance is believed to be
your officers to prepare themselves proper, from the period when
for any service, you must present that pay was established, the
to them the certainty of having increased responsibility arising
that service to perform; and that from the changes in our vessels,
their duty and honor will equally and the inducement which it of-
demand that they preform it well. fers to, be constantly in service.
It is no reproach to them to say, To the second class, an average
that yery few now are, and with of about two-thirds of the pay of
our present system, very few ever the first is given. To the third,
will be, fitted to command our about one third of the first. This
fleets successfully against a power- proportion is considered equitable
ful and skilful adversary; and it is and just; and the effect anticipated
earnestly to he hoped, that such from it is, desire for sea-service,
an arrangement will be adopted as in all officers of all grades; a desire
to furnish all grades with such op- leading, in its necessary results, to
portunites fdr improvement, &c such skill, faithfulness, and ability.-.
excitements to exertion, as will pre- Under the system now iu existence,
vent our future experience, on this it is almost always the pecuniary
point, from being calamitous. The interest of an officer to obtain leave
increase of rank will also obviate of absence, ora station on shore.-.
some causes of irritation, in the in- Under the one now submitted, it
tercourse of our officers with those will be his interest to be actively

of other nations, the least powerful employed upon the proper element
of whom have higher grades than of the seamen: but, as he cannot
we have, and they universally claim always be there, the second, or
honor and precedence according to redq.ed pay,is placed at such an
rank; this must either be yielded, amdunt as to enable him, when on
or intercourse with them suspen- shore, to live respectably and com.
ded. To the first, the individual fortably, as an officer of the public
and national pride of our seamen ought. It is also proposed a lit*
cannot, and ought not to assent; tie to vary the pay, according to
and the latter is productive of un- the rate of the vessel and the a-
friendly feelings. This inconveni. mount of the force, because the la.
euce will be greatly augmented, I or and responsibility of the officer
and our naval reputation may suf- vary with them.
fer severely, from this cause, The proposed compensation to
should onr vessels havo occasion admirals and commodorea s as

From a copy of the second issue, in the Library of Congress.





mql- mef- Iml"

SATVtr*DAI 1YIORNINIYj'-AitCU 83, 1,839.61.

44'rempoar a rnozti til e tos gmulamur it s fUI."

r'il~t,. frt. O. ti Y.WlOLx Ngijimv fiR isL


Wll be published weekly at .-IVE DOLLARS, per
Annaum,io in *lcasea payable" in advance..
ADVERTISEMENTS, conspicqously inserted at
te Dollar po" square, and nfty cest for ch
eabsequent .isertio4a a. tsi are to consist of twelve
imes, *or less. A veYtiseinents not marked with the
number of insertievBnn qu.ired, will be continued until
fotWid and Charged for.'
YEi LYd ADVERTISEMENTS, for ovir 24 and
not etceediog 36 limeq fAlty dollars per annum; for
over 12 and not exceeding 24 lines, tlirty-flve doe
lwmm per.annum ; for less than 12 .lines twenty dolI-
lars per annum.
IrQ In all cases rule and figure work, double- the
above prices.

( f This paper, will be hereafter cofldoted by
Peter W. .mautler, gJr., E*Troa,
gaymiend Bominge PusBIsa.ER.
-'ae charge and expense of. publishing the paper. wil
4eviee upon the S tatrr; an a& Ai ew -4w b.
Advertising, and To.'Sulbscriptions, 11ll be due abtd
payable to him. PETER W. GAUTIE J .
st, losrku, March tit, 1839.

0fl The undeisigned is now sole proprietor of the
St. Joseph t4uma, and soliot foli the public.that
bare of patronage, which the terits of. his paperimay.
(rly claim. He can ooly promris a continuance of his
past exertions to impart to its reader a history of e rrent
events. He has heretofore edited the. Tt1Iam on a
stated salary; he depends now en his-own exertions and
the support and punctuality'of his patrons. "He is proud
and grateful for the generous confidence'ihat has hereto-
fore aqpt his labours, and on this change of position, he
cannot but congratulate the public on the increased ands
brightening prospects of the young city with wbe for-
tunes he has cast hk:iT". '
The City of Bj. JA 9siatit but jow entering on the
thirdTyea r f her oomercial existence, and in population,
commercee and general improvement i scarcely behind
my of-her.sisters in Florida. -Another season, and it is
confidentlyy anticipated that in. all the elements of pros-
3erity, she will be the first dcy ii our Territory. The
lepth and security of its harbour, its health, beauty of
location and direct meansof comtuitnication with the
interior point it out as the importing Emporium for
West Florida, and an interesting and fertile part of
Georgia and Alabama. .
In conclusion we can assure bur friends that due atten-
tion will be paid to the taste of the reading public in the
selection of miscellaneous matter, and that the moat un
remitted efforts will be'impart interest to its liter-
iry and commercial character. The Tins will be pub,
lishedl weekly at five dollars per panum in advance.
St. Joseph, July Ist, 1838.
The subscribers have just completed theMi new
Specmcen Book of light fIcedt' Boo i ; ib Tl rin"
Types. Flowers and Oroaments,, the contents of wihi.
are herewith partially given. *
Diamond; Pearl, Nos. 1 and ~ Agate, Nos. 1, 2and 3;
Agate on Nonpareil body; Noplkeil, Nos. 1, 2, 3and 4;
Minionette, Nos. 1 and-2;' Minion, Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4;
Minion n Brevier body; Brevier on Minion body; Bre-
vier, Nos. 1,2, 3 and 4 ; Brevier-on Bourgeois body.; Bre-
vier on Long Primer body; Bourgeois'on Brevier body;
Bourgeois, Nos. 1,2, 3 and 4 ; Bourgeois on Long Prim-
er body; small bodied Long Primer; Long Primer, Nos.
1, 2, 3 and 4; Long Primer on Small Pica body; Small
Pica, Nos. 1 and 2; Pica on Small Pica body; Pica, Nos
1. 2 and 3; Pica on English body; English, Nos. 1 and
and 2 Great Primei; Paragon; Double English; Double
Paragou; Canon; live unes Pica to twenty; eight lines
Pica Gothic condensed to twenty; 5, 7,9 and 10 lines Pi-
ca Ornamental; 6, 7, 9, 12 and 15 lines Pica Shaded; 8,
10, "ti and Ib lines A!itique Shaded.
Also, a large and beautiful collection of Flowers, from
Peart to seven line Pica, many of which are not to he found
in ano other specimen; a new assortment of Ornimental
Dashes; a variety of Card Borders; near two thousand
Metal Ornaments; Brass Rule;.Leads of various thicik-
ness; Astronomical, Mathematical, and Physical Metal
Signs; Braces and Dashes from three to thirty ems long;
Great Primer and Double Pica Scripts on inclined body;
Diamon d & Nonpareil Music, of various kinds; Antiques;
light and heavy fate Two line Letter; full face Roman and
Italic Nonpareil, Minion, Brevier,-Long Primer & Small
Pica; Minion, Brevier,' Long Primer, Pica, and other
Blacks;.Nonpareil, Minion, and Brevier Greek, Hebrew,
and Saxon.
'A tArge variety of Ornaments, calculated particularly
or the Spanish and South American markets; Spanish,
Preach, and Portuguese Accents, furnished to order; to-
aether with every other article made dse of in the Print-
ang business, all of which can be furnished at short no-
:ice, of as good a quality and on as reasonable as at
my other establishment. CONNER &d COOK' ,
Nov 14 corner of Nassau and Anp. at., New York.
1" Behold this bordial Jit:ep hee.
That flames a'd. dane', in his crystal bounds,
With spirit, of b'aim and fragrant syrups mix'd!
I0not that Nepienthes, which the wife of Thone
S.'n Egye. gave to Jove-born Helena,
Is of such power to stir upjoy as this;
o'o life ao friendly, or sor thitat."--1.ilton.
I having opened the above House for .the comfort and
.eajl ment of his friends and the public, the proprietor
egs to solicit their patronage of his establishment, which
willtbe at all times furnished with the choicest Wines;
Lquoors, Cigars, &c &c. A quiet and retired reading
rooa. abundantly supplied with News papers, Magazines
r&c. If these inducements, combined *ith prompt and
S,iolte attention will secure the patronage .. the public, he
matterss himself that he will not fail to gain a fair share of
heir favour. 'S:,HORN.
Hot Lunch every day at 11 o'clock.
's'We are in a capital situation now," said.Mr. Pickwick.
looking around him."--Pickowiek papers, p.'1. p. 73
R OSS & VINCENT, having repaired the Pick-
wick House, and filled it with the good things of
life,. liquid and substantial, are sitting in the shade,
waiting for customers, ready at all times to supply them with
St. Andrews Oysters. Beef Steaks, Mutton Chops, .Fish
af all kinds and tmall factions, Hot Coffee and such chloic
Wines and Liquors, as would tempt one tofornwear tem-
perance societies. All that ;heir customers must guirdi
against is, gout and giddiness.
Salagl tf ROSS & VINCENT,
SOR SALE-IO00 bblsniperffne Norther Flouur
60 bbls No 3 Mackerel, 25 do Pilot Bread,
10 ial( do Buiitter Crakerl, 10 keitaoda Biscuits,
12 & 1-2., Spanish Segars,
10 bxs Chambertine Wine, 14 jar.Malaga Grapes,
yustIreceive4 pyrship.Suvinh, and for sale l
Dec 14. JNO. lN C4 PELAND.

NEW YORK and St. JOEPH Packets.

Regular Paeket Line.
This line will be coiuposed of Ihe following vessels--
the days of sailing will be namMd in tie daily. advertise-
Ship. SPRING, Cook,- marstr.
Brig.CU.MBE IA ND, Shinn, inaster.o
New brig Powell, raster.
New brig -----, Darling, master.
Schr. VINDICATOR, Rice, taster.
Schr; SAML. L. SOUTHARD, Williams, master.
Scbr. UNDAUNTED, Jackson, master.
The above are all flar class vessels, commanded Ihy
men experienced in the trade; every attention will be
paid to promote the comfort and convenience of passen-
gers. Goods can always be insured at the lowest ratils,
and any shipped to the subscriber, in New York, will he
forwarded free of commissions. Merchandize intended
for the different places on' the Apalhehicola, Chattahoo-
chee and Flint Rivers, -will be forwarded immediately on
thldisclarge of tlt St. Joseph. Apply to w(
!5_ Q N OGDEN. 88 Wall-st. New York, or
a ~ ] BROUGH & SMITH; St. Joseph.
St. Joseph, t.26 1838. If .

1 W OIRLE S and St. JOSEPH Packets.

Regular Packet Line.
The public are hereby informed that.a regular line ol
Packets. has been established between his place and New
Orleans, consisting of the following favorite vessels:---
Schr. SOUTHERNER, Pratt, master.
SVESPER, Holmes, master.
.ELLEN, Tyler, master.
All of which vessels have the best accommodations
for Passengers, and all freight laken at the lowest possi-
ble rates. For further Particulars,apply to
General Agents S Cotmnis.ion Merchants, St. Joseph. or
Gen'l Agent n Commission Merchants, New Orleans.
St.Joseph, Fla., Oct 23, 1838. oci23 tf

District of West t'lorida.
Edward J. Hurdin, for the
benefit of George W. Rpss.
James S.Canhoun, Charles Frankfin Superior Court.
L. Bass, Edward Cary, and Assumpsitdamages 7000
Nathaniel R. Evans, Attachment for $3459 70.
Mercbhansand traders trading
under the firm of and style of
James S. Calhoun & Co.
T i., defendants and all other persons interested in
said suit,-will take notice of the institution thereof,
and the issuing of said attachment returnable to the
next term of said Court, and that they appear and plead
to the declaration filed in said caus.,accoiding to the sta-
tute in such case made and provided.
Plffs. Attorneys.
Apalachicola, Dec. 27. 1833. 3in
Westenu District of Florida.
Edward J. Hardin, for
the benefit of Franklin Superior Court.
George W. Ross. Assumnpsit. Dainaees 10,000.
r Attaclhment for $5,251 49.
James S. Calhoun, and
%,, Mf4lM06,6 4 I
ifer'chbats apd partners,
trading under the firm of
Calhoun & Bass..
T HE Defenmantsand all other.< interested, in said
suit, wrll take noticeofthe institution thereof, ansl
thp issuing ofsaid attachment, and that they appear ani
plead to the declaration, filed in said suit, according ti,
the statute in such case iade anul provided.
P1ffs. Atrys.
Apalachicola, Dec. 27, 1838. 3mn

IX weeks afterdate. I shall apply to the Honorable.
the Judge of the County Court of Franklin Countiy.
for Letters of Administration on the estate of Frederick
W. Folda. CHAS. FOLDA.
St Joseph, March 9 Gw
SIX weeks alter date, I shall apply to the Hontumble
the Judge of the County Court of Calhoun County,
for Letters of Admmnistratiou on ithe estate of J. H. t1.
Smith, deceased. HENRY B. FARLEY.
St. Joseph, FeIb l. GwC
OTICE. --Six weeks alter date applicallon wil
I be made to the liou J"'ge of the County Court,
of Jacksou county, fo, leave oa ell the real estate be-
longing to the cstato of William M. Loften, late of
Washington county, deceased..
CHARLES T. PORTER, Administrator.
St. Audrews, Feb. 1st, 1839. feb9 6w

The undersigned having-resitmed the above business
itn 'his place, respectfully informs hin friends and the pub-
lic, that he is now prepared, and will give strict attention
and dispatch to all business confided to him.
St. Joseph Sept. 20 tf E. J. HARDIN.
ji ROCERIES.--00 bbJs. Mess Pgrk.
C 100 Prime do, 100 do Superfine Flour.
50 do Whiskey. 50 do Sugar, 40,000 Ihs Superior
Bacon (Hams, Sides. & Shoulders,) this day landing
from Schr. Eagle, and for sale low, by
1000 bushels Corn in sacks, 50 bbls rectd. Whiskey,
100 bbls. Superfine flour, 50 do Mess Pork,
9 do Prime do, 55 do Pilot Bread, Fresh.
000 lbs. Superior canvassed Hams,
Landing from the Brig Wave, and for sale low, by

Promulgated Probono Publiceo
Jackson, corner of Palm .no street.
T HE Proprietor of the above establishment, is ,ow
prepared for the reception of Boarders, trans.
cient visitors, &c., &c. He assures those who may honor
him, with their company, that no pains will be spared, to
make them in every way comfortable.
A large and commodious stable is attached to the pre-
mises, and is under the care of an experienced ostler.
0f* Charges will in all cases be moderate.
[I. F. SIMMONS, Proprietor.
St. Joseph, Fla., Feb. 1st, 1839. feb2 tf
W G. M. DAVIS, of the firm of SEMMtis & DA-
o vis, has now established l'nself permanently
in St.Joseph, and is prepared to attend to all Legal
Business which may be entrusted to the firm.
S. &r. D. practice in all the respective Courts in Wes-
rerffarid Middle f lrida, in and about Irwinton, Alaba.,
and in U. S. Circuit a"4. District Court, Southern Dis
trict. Alabtuna. A. 0, SRMMES. Apalachicola.
W. 0. M, DPAVIS, St. Joseph.
St. Joseph, Nov 7, 183W tf .
' NINIES-Madeira, Port, Claret and Champagne
Wof select-ed brands, just received and-for sale by


Contauinig Quarterly Fashlnui Plates, liluatruted
Articles, Av., -r.
N commen'cing a new volume. the publisher would
take occasltou to observe, that not only will the same"
exertions he continued, which have secured to Ins sub-
scription li- an uuexanmpled incre;ise, but his cl-lami union
the public fivor will be cnha;,ctdl by every meaiis which
unceasiun endeavor, enlarged lIcilaties. an liberal expen-
diture can cotmnand.
Tie' subjoined is.a brki' pilan of the work:-
its ntOiItAi. PAPERa will be so varied as to form a
conibinas:ion of the useful with the entertaining and agree-
able. T'I'ese will embrace rlti dleparltmiets of L.tvFL
sci.NC'., ESSAYS, TALES, and onErit which may de-
serve the name.
II is the publishers design to nllake tie Visiter agreeable
to tile old and the young---to the sedate and the gay---to
mingle the valuable with lte ;anusing---and to pursue the
tenor of his way with the entertainment ol good felings
towards all parties.
T'ans.---'ihe Visiter is published every other Sattur-
day, on fine white paper, each number will contain twenty
I'ur large super-royal octavo pages, enveloped in a fine
printed cover, fornmig at the end of the year a volume of
nearly G00 pages, at the very low price ol t 1 25 p"er aniuiim
in advance, or (ji cents per number. payalble on dehivery.
Post Masters. and others who will procure Iour sub-
scribers and enclose Five Dollars to the prolpritor shall
receive tie 5th copy gratis. ,

Feather Store, 19% laudson St., N. York.
F EiATIK BEI) lMalttesses, Cushiotn., Pillow
Cases, Curled /air, Moss Paper, l.anginlgs andt
Borders. Long W te and Black Ilorse llair, .,nl evry
other article belutgimg to the Bedding line. wholesale
and retail. Orders puncttually attended to. (Goods de-
livered to families in any part of the city free of expense.
T HIE subscriber is Agent for the above establish-
tment, and has on hand a general assortment of tlhe
above articles. for sale at tie Matulmactory prices.
ALSO---I Spanish SOFA, of latest fashimto.
Nov 14, 1 tf HKtZ R WOOD
T HIE Subscribers have received by rc''ent arrivals
from the North, a large and general assortment of
Groceries, ;a well selected stock of coarse. Dry-
Goods, together with our l supply of IBOOl'S &
SHOES, Cutlery, China, Glass 4- Ei rtlhefne Vart; to
which they invite thie attention of purchasers.
Dec. 7th. 1838
On CausinLnilpahut.
JUST received on Consisenit from rmoA, ,.--...
lauding from Schr. Paragon, consisting of---
.10 tons of New H;y'; 20 boxs Cod fish.
200 bbls Pofttoes; 50 hoxs Smoked Ilerrings.
oct31 6t HlOD(IES, DEMAREST' & CO.
W "HISKE Y..---150 bbls of Whiskey, just received
fog sale lowby CBAIG & ; AEFIN.
T'o the Lovers of good Wiues, Ac.
T HE subscriber has just received quantity of choice
French, Rhenish, Madeira, Port, Sherry and
Champaigne WINE.
ALSO---Some old Cognac BRANDY, HollUdGin.
Selected by an experienced connoisseur from the origi
nal importations. HEZ R WOOD.

s --.--- -. *--- '.--..t I., i .. "1
Sdo lo superior Lun.s, Ourk.---. 1l o INewatrk,
N.Jersey, Jist received, .Id for sale alt the city grocery b)
SOLO )liN I ItORN. P;nIlteCtto it.
F iR IE.T.--'l'The (erman Ocean Hlouse, situsl
ted at tle corner of Magniioli: and Floridi'-street-
Thero are three good roomsin iil the Ihouse, and a ba, will
ii kitchen, stable, andt other nut bmiltishms. Also. a Tci
Pin Alley. in good order. The lots are enclosed with i
good fence, and behig well manured, would make ans ex
celleit garde.a. The bar furniture will be rented with ll
hose, ifdesired. Possession given immedliately. Appl
SUt osepb, Jan 12 41

_I lit


From a copy in the Library of Congress.


irYYlrr~lJ~CI~ 1





TrHE Apalacliicola Courier will be published by Jo*
sepli Croskey, at the city of Apalachicola Florida,
semi-weekly during eight months, and weekly during the
otlhnr four; the.first number to Iippear in April next.
The eminent position, to which Apalachicola has been
elevated by.the enterprise andl industry of her merchants,
and tli prospective rank, to which she is destined to ar-
rive, amonig her sister' cities of the (Gulf of Mexico, would
lead to the sul)pposition, that the Apdachieola Courier
should be conducted with a; talent andl ability couminnsti
rate with the importance of the town in which it is pliblish-
ed. The editor must consequently feel doubtful of suc-
cessfully meeting such high expleccations, and, were it not
for his conviction that his patrons will be lenient in their
censures, when aware of his endlcavor to merit their ap-
probatioh. and of the honesty of his opinions, which can
only be influenced by'his zeal for the welfare of the hu-
man family and his warm desire to see thie Commerce and
Free Institutions of his Country, sustained at home and
admired abroad,.he would be deterred from making the
As the conductor of a Press in a city, so essentially
commercial, he will deiem it his duty, to become pre-emi-
nently the champion of that bulwark of our national nag
grandiirement and of the perpetuity of our liberties, the
comnierce of tile United States, and whether attacked by
this party, or by that, hewIll never swerve from advocating
such policy as will enhance its glory and promote its per
In the flowery paths of Literature, he will use his skill
in catering to the public taste, in such manner as to iu-
duce a healthy tone inits moral condition, culling and se-
lecting front the exubernrat growth of genius, die solid,'
the instructive: nd the beautiful.
lie conceives that the best securitlv d our republican
form of governmentt is to he found in the encuragenment
given to the Arts and Sciences-Talents and ambition,
which otherwise might be detrimental to the State, are
thus brought into proper action, and bestowed upon enno-
bling and beneficial objects: Occupation, the greatest
preventive of evil, is thereby afforded to an illimitable pop-
ulation, and, although in our vast unimproved domains,'a
wide field is open to the honest husbandman, and to the
industrious of every profession, still their measure of hap-
piness would be but small, were not the ruggedness of
their enterprise softened by the benign influence of the
arts, and their power of endurance invigorated by the
stoicism of science. Considering these high attainments
as peculiarly conducive ,o our improvement, both mor..lly
and politically, his columns will always be open to aid
their efficacy. by calling the attention of the public to the
rapid strides which are constantly making towards their
Although the Apalachicola Courier will be devoted, es-
pecially, to the dissemination of commercial news. and to
the advocacy of measures calculated to advance Commer.
cial interests generally, still (he discussion of political sub-
jects must, of necessity, adld to its usefulones. and make
it more acceptable to its parrons. The editor, therefore.
feels bound to declare the position lie will assume in rela-
tion thereto. It cannot be denied, that Inost mein prefer
adopting the opinions ofothers, without reflection, rather
than lake the trouble ofthmiking for themielves-tbence
arise the preposterous errors, not only in politics, but in the
every day occurrences of life, which are only developed.
when divested of the sophistry which gave them birth.
and the hallucination which nurtured them. This disin-
clination to reflection, and theproneness ofbhuman nature
to allow feelings to bias the judgment, have made it an ar-
duous task for the Press. to avoid falling into tie Scvlla
of onte political party. or the Charyldi.- of another-neier-
theless, and although it ma;y appear presumnltive. it will
be-hi aim to sterr-a middle course as the safest in arriv-
ing at truth--" t medio tutissinui ibis," and he hopes, by
shunning the dangerous extremes of party feeling. his po-
litical creed being untramninelled by the dogmas of any
age or set of men. and by juilding of Imleasures by thelr
utility and prospective result,, and of men, by their nlo-
tives and actions-to establish a Free and nllepreslett
Apalachicola, Feb. 12, 1839.

Doa ismld oi and Fordwardtiagt Bpsneuii.
ST. JO.EPH, Fla, '
\VING had many years experience in the above
Sbusiaiss in Apalachicola, and having located: my..
elfl n St. Joseph on account of its many.important ad.
viintages over the former, and having every convenience-
o give dispatch to all bumisinss cotdided to me, I feel a
ulltfidepice in soliciting a full sure of the patronage of
ny old friends and the public.
sept9-tf*- E. .. IHARDIN.
C IGARn.-1-0 HavamRi & Florida Cigars, for
itle bIy WOODRUFF & CAV R''
F OR SALE---A variety o OOKINGSTOI .
suitable for families or vesels..
Oct 16 tf F. .1. WOOD & CO.
SIIARLELM S. s NIiSLE iAlormecy at Law,
''Tallaha.see, Florida, will practice in the courts of
Ihe Middle Di)'tri.t.
TORIAGE.-l.he fmubscriber having taken the ware-
houses recently occu.piedl by F. .1. Wood & Co., to-
:ether with the Cottlon Pte Cn i Slhed, is prepared
o receive Goods or C(otton on storage---Compress or re-
pair.cotton ivhich in:ay lie in a d.iii.aaged state. Any busi-
iess in this line entrusted to hi- cnre, will be attended. to
vith promplntimes and di.patch.-Charg-ts recasonatie.
St. Joselsh. Dec. t,. 18:I N. HAYDEN.
.L.V CitizLens generally. wishing I, supply themselves
with cheap and good articles, will Ido, well to call at the
sulhmcribers, where may be had the following articles:
Fruits in Brandy. ordeall., Olives, 4 3aret, Champagsie,
Raisins, Pine Apple and uther Cheeso. Segars. Milk, Su-
gar, and Soda Biscuits. Also. two r. Casks Bramilv.
warranted 14 years old, and superior quality. Tie above
articles are all very superior.
Good Pins. G 1-4r. Linen Tapes i( 1-4, Corset Laces
6 1-4. Fne Lie:m Collar* 5 pr 81. Colored and white
Cotton Socks, 5 pair pr $1, Ladies white and colored
Cotton Hose 25. 37 1-2, 50. a 75c, Bed Binding 18 ydls
,r 25c. hair Powder 183-4c. Hears Oil 25c pr bottle.
Children Shloes and Stockings Il 3-4c. Barretr anid ol'dl
Htandkerchiefl 37 --2c. ('orded Skir s 37 l-'c, (;ood Red
Flannel Shirts I lc. White and. Red Flannels. IHorne-
ipuois, Checks, Blankets. c. (Calicos. from J2 1-2ec tup.
I Case Chludreon Morqcco Shoes 25 a 50c, 1 Case (tei-
'lemena Hoots, 84 pair.
With a variety of other Goods. at Charleston prices.
The subscriber will remain but a few days.
Terms CASH.
J. MOSES, Pine-st, near Commerce.
Jan 5, 1839. 2t
UNT'Receiveol per Brrlg Silsbee from Boston. a siulpr
rior lot of old Wiies, consisting of Port. Madeira.
Pale & Gol;l Sherry in bottles. Also an additional stil-
ily ol chloicc Liquors.
LOTHI N G--Just received Iroun,'New YriT iood
assortmentuil Ready Made Clothing, consiistia oit:
Black, blue. olive and green FIrock Coals: do Dress
Cojts; Kentucky Jeans lunting (.oats: hire. blue ;rnd
green lllanket Coats; T'op (Co.its of every description.
super black cloth and c:asssirere Pantaloons: h;mu. rclot
Pa.mialoons: faiCv cas.sismere 'anutmloois; sattinle Painta-
louns; strilwtl C.mhinanc.tts Paintaloons; Kentucky Jeans
I'jntaloons. figured and white Marseilles Vests; do Va-
encia do; do silk and sarin dto do silk velvet do; woolen
Vests; black andl blue cloth Vests. &c.
Gentlemliens Ilomery. Linens. (iluves. Suspenders, CTa-
rats. Stocks, and every oter article of ve'nlern wear-
ng apparel usually Iouud in a ('Cloutmh Store, for sale low
Dec 15 tf______
To Pl.aliter and C'olulry HeIrchants.
IE undlilernigned being about to, cstatlisl luimself at
St. JOK;EI'l, Fla.. lor lime purpose of carryn i. ,u a
Direct Inmportlia aned Exportliutg Busiless
with Fraeiur.-(viA.. St. Jooepll. IFl1.)
Will be prelpared s(,i Ihe commIenceinent or busil)ness in
the lll, lo the fine qualities uf ('Colon. an-I
woutl be willing tIn ronirtcl for any quntiv of \\hte
Oak stave, suit;ilaile for ithlm market. iany sarlcial.mrs ;>s re-
gtards. s-iz., price. &-c., can be hail by ;ilstresinig iime at
tIs place, to tlle carer of IIEZ. R. \\'t()D.
I shi.tll also have oi ha l 1 KI ae>eral ulsorlntent
of I'rencl Gooa%, for sale as thrly cr: l bi
purchased in New ,irk or any of the Northr.irn Citie..
St. Joseph. Aueust 1st. I438h. ainu7 if
Groceries, WeS'ccru Produce. &c.
C OTTOX BIlOKEl .--IIZ. R K W)(1).
tenders his servir es t, ihe venders a:s I pum clia-,r
of (ottonl..and liip|tls hI li isoiin expelrrilnce ..lln .smrcilrate
knowledge of this imtsortant comnlmotdy, to uive ~cileral
sat ifalcto. janil tI
i For Sale low for ('ali.
SSloop of 7 Tons ; I do. 3 rton- : I elg.eant sail boat
1 Copper lastened ti ow bo.t 1 Iil1 ft. ,ltl sa:ils.
1 Skill with ct'nre hoard; 1\War Ship 5fA.
ImioiIIItitl ,2U tmus1s.
2 First r.ilc Duil)U lBarrel Powlimn Pirces,
30,000 First quality Spalish (;tt ftor fishing tackle.
For I;articmlhul m apply to Mr. J. We;vrr. ain board ship
Suviah. or to fl );ES. DEMAREST & Co.
St. Jose|l,)h Dec. 5. 1-38. if __
N C'ONSIG.YIEN.'-7,c,00 feet White Pitne
S I.umuber
(tU.0,t0 Sliniles,
50,000 latlh, 30.000 Brick.
Two luuse FIiamnles tfor sale IA for cash, by
llU.II ;.S, IDEMAI1EST & ('O.
F OR Sale.---75.>,nil first -quality ty|press Shii;les,.
,put up in square' bumlles. Also 100 bbls. Thloum-t
aslon LIne. Iwarrantel to bt u tlihe best quality. The ;i-
bove are tfor cash at reduced prices.
Jaun l 4t FREDI). AU'Il:iY V
0 N CON~1- ..'I '1. -1**1 hahlt' bbis l-'tr,,i, .Mlar-
:;t keg Whlltr L,.;'l. :3 ca.sks Clceess
"2 Ibls Itniseced t). i li~ IP'ickles
:" dlu Oil. 6ti00 Ihs soked Beef
2 do W\'iter SI'perum il. superans quality
10 buxes Lemonlls, 1t do I.einIuU Si rup
2 tibls (.'ra.lierirl,.s, j') kr,'s Btuter Crackers'
30t du l'ot,.ltces : li bbls AIp'l's.
9 dtlu Oinous. .'0 boat\s Itaisins,
All of which, will hIe solel low f,r cmaslh. bv
dthcS I1O0)t;I,:S. Dll:M \I":ST & '(o.
i'.llT 'SKEi, W'IN ES. &c.--.'.l l,,i. old rmctmticti
V hr'liskey ; t10 ,lis (;Ui. 1t0 .N'w O)rl'.mns Ruiim.
12 c.ases .h'dlor. tlone cotrk ('larert \inme.
12 tua very tild lir.s qutlilily M iaile'ra \" ine.
.lust rccelved .umil lir sail low Itr cash by
jinim .t St OLON l Hol1N. I'Palnetto st.
St'Kl;eRKEl,, SITa.T, IAll, t-c.--275 kul'
NM,. I .Mackerel. IJOt sacks .' Ihai iiti l- Ilalibit anitl, esn.v lanlinug timut bri, -vrus
and for sale by (;l:. .'' r \' WA I{T & ('0.

ALS4O. io neatly finished Cottage Buildings, situated
near lthe ilte re.itrence of MrI. Croskey, they have four
riomnms each, with clossets atirchecd. atnd kitchens conven-
iently sitnated, The whol, enclosed hy a good fencing of
dlrc.esdl pickets. For tesm apply to
decl4 41 Agent of the UViob Bank of Florida.
T I il uindler'smltiedl e.c-pecttnllv itfornl their friends
':.d tlh e: Irldi'L- 'ha they are now Trceiving a lgrgi
and hlandi.tne Stock tof desirable (oodls-Consisting of
every tariet olI Staple Lnd I'ancY DRY GOODS, Boots,
Sli,,,a.s ;,irl "iis. liardlare, ('l4ma Glass, and Queens
\\W re. with a general :and well.srlected stock of Dry and
Wet (;nc-iere.. whi h ilisty art' tleltrmuined tO sell on the
imust t.svorahl termins, and particularly invit titesttieitiomt
i, retntn inerrliants. -
\ ,v .' rirt4 Ptf CRAIG & DAIFIN.
toI'I('E:---I)r. (;IBSON of-rs his senrices in the
N I'm.tcice of Medicine to the cities of St. Joseph.
i5.i5 1 OI;W
JuIst rcesveird ptr Scilr. Oranabi
S M 1. lIv;ana Ciogars, 1 bale Hops,
0 U 12 I,.,rrels leans. 1, kegs Butter,
S .5 barrels No I Herrinas.
N.v\ s. 3 J I. S.11ALI. OOD, Comaerce t
5 0 "1I.S sup'ertine FLOUR.
I "0, kegs of Iresh Lard
.i- hbbl. of Pilot Bread.
100 kegs ol Nails. assorted.
50 boxesr ('lhainaigne Cider.
'200 sacks of C(ornm. Low or cash.
sep24; t' HEZ. R. WOOD. A,'tmon AfMrt.
LiqUors and MWies.
UST received by the Schooner Samnl. L. Southard,
thie fullowiug articles, and worrented to bepjreas
liiiorlted. and of'first rate qalily.
Brandy---' Inlpes ('omna c Braudy.'
Ciul---2 ipe's Svan (;in.
MaIdira---J qr casks old Madina i Vnc.
C'laret---20J dozen Claret, for sale I1)
3 ACLtKEREL.-200 libls. No -2 &3 Matkere
oI now Landing from Brig Sali. for :Sale low fbr ea
or Ilruce. Kiquire of ... .. \WOOD & Co"
C, .l' IptT 'ER iIP.-TI'he undersigned have
nascl.lte Ilidhemiselves iin the Mercantile Businets
unilder t imhe ol TIRUMIBLE & BROWN.
nov 14, I tf .AMOS BROW\N.
Cottonll ressmingy itnchiie.
T IIFl Subscribers having erected a Steam Mbachine
on tile most approved principle, are nowv reay to
coiulress ceottin lor Shipping at tie .ihortest notice.
)Orderr,. rcdl. Ibv CHAS. W'ILSON,
S:t the I'res.. B.aySt. or KIMBROUGITI, SMITH & Co;
EI' E101 iS iiaes, Liquors &c.
WinVes-('h:uli ,p.agwne, Madeira,
OtPlll'ort &, Shiery [in bottlhr,
Ilr-anyd---('lihamu:ignie, ( 'o.:yac,
t( ('idlr-t'h:lmi laignie. The above
as rtirle' :are o'tlie bevt quality. and will be sodat a mode
Rate rice. Iy S'I'TEET & THOMSON.
",' Comr"',"--,- -
-r K. % lU, .. .--.-ti'tl Ier ship Albree, iron.
-nn tinment and for sale by the Sub
scrll)ers, consi.St-! of'-
S 1 doi.. clark t hairs; 1 do erp...m ..oloured do.
Stdo yellow io. t do dark. with light seats.
o lo limitation do; 3 do cane bottom do.
I do Rocking do; 24 Toilett.Tables.
V 4 Wash Stands;-4 Beabreaus; 12 tables.
S Also. 10.303 feet of clear White Pine LuInber.
S dec5 tf DEBLOIS & HALL4; a ay tret.
i 1 9d Sacks Liverpool 'oahs alkt it atomr
]y J-PrV ; 1500 do do af lat. J I
r'y rcm-dl per barlue ('huimpion, direct froth itherpe ,
ApIl to E W DO LTparP rY,



6w a m ia mmmmm

NTOTICg.-The itlteriber t i iajst-reeivwd b6y her
1I recent arrivals at thil port,. from' *New York 'ad
Ud -son, thm following chnlice assorlident of Oroceries,
Provisions, &c. wbich lie offers for sale low for Cash.or
Produce only..
Madeira, Tenerrffie; herry, Port, Claret, Muscat, alh-
aga, Chlamipagne, (extra quality.)
Northern Flour, Rye and Buekwlhebt do., Mess and
Prime Pork, Mess ,isd Prime Been; Northern. Butte
Lard, Bacon, Smoked Jole., Smoked Beef, Cheese, Pit
Appislr do., Potatoes; Kiln-dried Meal, Crackers. Pilot an
Navy Bread, Smoked and Picled Beer TTongues, Pickle
''ripe, Sausages,, Soimnds and Tongues, Pickled Salamno
lHalibuts Fins, Cod Fish dreed. Mackerel
Cogniac Brandy 4th proof, Champagne do., Amerfleaf
lo., holland Gin, Rye do., Jamaica Rum, N. O. do..
Northern and Western Whiskey, Cdrdials assorted, Loaf
Sugar. Brown do.. Coffee, Molasses, oap, Sperm aio
Tallow Candles, Pickles. Tea, Uinger, Choeolate, Spiet.
Nutmegs, Cloves, &c. he.
Prunes, Almoodst_,aiins, Figs, .Letsnl, Ap l ';
Currants, Crantberies, &c." -
With :a choice assorunent of Harldware,Crockery t
Glass Ware, Furniture, Boots and Shoes, Bale hope;
Cotton Bagging, Manilla. and Tarred Cobrdage, Ship
Cbandlle,-. Paints, Oils, Glass, and many other articles
too tedious to mention.
St. Joseph, Dec. 1. 1838. tf
T HE SBSCRIBER have jst. received, per
Ila;e arrivals from New York; and :offr for sale od
liberal telmes, a gelleran assortment of Dry Goods, con
siuting in parl of English & American Prints, Ginghams
( lallys, Moslsselaimie )e Laines, Black- Gro De Swist
and Synshtew Silks, I" tired Satins and Gro de Naps,
'a:ltry Scarfs and tldkfs, L'ace EdgingR and lisertiogs,
Wromughit Capes and ('bllars Ladies lovess and Hosiery.
Irish Linens. White & Col'd (ambrics. Jaconet Muslins,
;plaii and plan, Swiss Muslins. Satin Striped Do., Book
and 3111) Muslinh. .TIliule de Laitmes, Long Lawns, Linen
Shlceetiigs. Cotton Checks. Negro Cloths, Elannel,; Br'd
1BlI llea -liedl Shirtings and Sueetings, Superior quality .1,M.rseilles Quilts. &c. &c.
etl-r5 If TRUMBLE & BROWN.
r iE 1E; (IColrtners ii Imeretoloe existing under tihe
i. m of l E..l. \\'t ID & Co. is this day dissolved
by nulmtual mrirent. The affairs of the concert will be
setilel 1-y E. .. Wood. E. J. WOOD.
St. Jospli, Dec. 24. 183q. N. HAYDEN;
ALl. I'L'ers-,mS IavIti claims aeninst the late Firm of
1:..I. Wood &" ('o. raill present them for settlement, and
thlnse mlcbited, are requested to make immediate pay-
St. Joephi. Dec. 24. 1138. E. J. WOOD.
I 11 .. 4ulisticubelr being anxious to live in town, will
Sell or lease lor a term of years his present resai
il'e there h qeieart.rsr of a mile Iromn rotn, North. The
irfnroventii'its are ,s I)rellts tlou-e with tmonms an
kitchen alt.ihrlel, eood StJiles. Carriage louse, Gra
nar,, I l.y .Lotr anid ; small Out Houses for Servanos.-
Also a good Uardeu about an acre highly improved. -En-
St Joseph, Nov 28, 3 tf
1 HE Subscriber. is prepared to make liberal cash
advances on COTTION for Liverpool. and the At
latutic cities. J..L. S.1A LL WOOD, Commerce at.
St. Jlusph. Oct. 25. 14. oct 31tf
OR i .EN'T.---A sp;acilos and well arranged store-
homue. on Ba', street, adjoining thar formerly) oc-
ad. U ^ r ^,; -<" ____ -- _____ ---- --- -- v ----



__ _I_





VoL., I. ST. AI GI STINF, SA'I URD.Y, J%:\ AlRY 4. 18 3 No. 19.

An Act Corcernirg Dower and Jointure in,
Land and lavess of Wiaows.
EE li ehLctlEd by the Gover;or and
L -Legislative Council oj'he Ter-
ritory of Florida, Th'at, if anj les.
taor sfiall .deise eo beqiudath to hi
wife any portion of iis estate, such
devise or bequesl, shall be deemed, i
and be taken in lieu and' bar of Duw.
erout of the estate of her deceased
hubanid ; in like manner as if -he I
bame were expressed ; unless wuh
festator shall hy h:s last will .and'
lest:a.meut declare oithrwise, Pro
id'ed, that nolthiigi in this sectiun
ioritained shall deprive the wido~t
her choice, either to dowp-e of tihe~
talc or to the pait zr iafrtin Ii i:
vised.or bequtfatzi ed to heric; ti"i
shall and may be lawful fIor ;iy
widow,who will make choice of tier
dower within one year frorl the time
of the death of ht;e'testaor belfo. ;he
circuit corl, or 'by deed exCtjifeu
and acknowledged before an .ijustic-
of the peace. o' the county; ar;d ti..-
and enter in the clerks office of said
roourt to declare that she will not ex.
cepl the provisions made for tier by
gaid will, or any part thereof; and
renounce all benefits which she miniht
claui by such sill; but every widow
not making such declaration within
the time atbress;id, shall have no more
of her husbands estate than is given
to her by will.
cc, 2. Be it further enacted, That
every widow-after the detllh of her
husband may .tarry in the mansion
place of her husband, and the p!nia-
tion thereto belonging rent free, until
beir dower shall be assigned to her.
And whosoever shall deforce widows
of their dower of lands, whereof the
husband died seized, or of su': h inmn-
sion house or plantation, shall p Iy da-
mages jo the widow to the value of
the whole'dower to tlheu beloagiog
from the time of the deabh of their
bisbands until tihe day that they shall
(rdiue eurs~otrtav recover posses-
hion of such dower.
Sec: 3 Be it further entzc'd,j That
any widow claiming dower in lands
or slaves, may present her petilion
stating the circumstances of the case
to the judge of the circuit court of
the county where such la~ds lie, or
in which the slaves, may be found, of
which she claims dower, in term
time ; or file her petition in vacation
in the clerks once,whereupon it shall
be the duty of the'said court, to or-
der, or of the clerk in t aCation to is
4l:e,'asumfwmons endorsed on said p.-;
titio'n the person or per.
*ons against Ihorn she complains~,
cn;'ipanding.stich 'person or persons,
to the next term of said
court, to answer the complaint of-sEct
widow, which petition and summons
shall be served at least ten days be
foie the t!me appointed therein for
the defendant or, defendants to ap-
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted,That
the court to whom any suc' petition
is presented, may after the sers ice
and return of the summons aforesaid
c6mpel thc defendant or defendants

to answer,and maj_proceed upon such
petition and answer,althoiigh any of
the defendants may be under the age
of twenty one years according to the
course and rules of equity : And
shall'-iake such decree for' the ps-
signmenit.of dower in sucli mamner
as shall be mnost-agrecable to equity,
and'such assignment of' dower shall
"be us effectual as if the same were-
in the ordinary method of he com-
mon Haw. And it ilsh:. further be
Ibe duty ofsuch court on decreeing
an avsiguirm'et of dower, to appoint
three epeielable inhabitants of the
'cl;nty where such laid' may lie,
whose duty it sh.-ll be'to proceed to
--e-premises and by actual survey !
anagtdr~neasurment, to lai offand as-
J.ertaii the boundary lines of such
.dower lajhds in pursu:nce of tle sen-
rre.ri.an4d order of said court ; and
rieht 2W r of heir proceedings to

the next circuit court to be. holden
for such county; And if such return
is confirmed by the court, it shall be
the duty of the court to cause such
return andi proceedings to be enter-
ed of, record. And if any of the
persons appointed as aforeajid, sbal
fail to take upon themselves the ex-
ecntion of said appointment, it shall
be the duty of (ie court fr. m time
to lime to appoint others till such du-
ty be conipleed.
Set.. 5. lie it further enated,'That ;
if any ina eriial Iadts are asserted by
one party arl;d ldnied by the oiher, .
Sthe court shall at tlhe request ofeither
party cau.e st:ch lacks to be tried by
a j.zry. And a, apippe.,d rom the fiil
.dg,,r.'et or decision of ihe court in
tytv ca, re'pecti;i dower m,.y be
had I !+he vupetri,.r court of the pro
peir ) o -.y, ',s in o her cases.
So.'. 6. B:E t f!irther eaac:ed,'hatI
it s: dl! ;,d, may be lawful for any
nmarr ed woman to release her right- o
dower of in ;,fnd to dny lInds.a: d t,
inemlina!s where.of the husband o fs 1jch
widow maniy be possessed or seized
by niy or q'uiiAble title during
coverilme, by joiingi such uitsbamin
in thet dted or convey nee whereby
suchbland ur lern-iuent.. a'e granted,
o: conveyed, and ppt aring before
a .Iy of iChe sui:'er:'- colnrs, or
circuci court of this T'lerritory, or be-
fore any justice of the peace in the
county h!ire such laIdziiis and tene
imentul lie ; and it shall be the d::ty of
th. juli, e or juslit e to acquiiln; such
woii!ai,wirh the contents of such deed
or oi her oirineyanc:e and to eximlneie
lies vpdri from her husband, whetrlcr
she executed siirh deed or coi.vey
ance voluntarily and wit;:out c:iomp ,l-
Siin :r undue in~ilucnce of hec nusi-
b;and, andd to endure a certificate o"
s:ich CXa tniZtiiioo as iaforesaid, imadie,
onI.lhe deed o. conrJeyU.rc'; and e%
er', deed exscu!ed, ad ceristied by
si;;li judge c.rjsic'e, thiatsu'-h wo-
m:i ircecuted tbe s:i(;e voluntarily,
antd wvilt:out undue infrieice of hei
mhsbh-and, anrd recorded according ;:
'law, shall be safficient to discharge;
irad bbar tlte clii.s of,"uch woman iup
on any claiia to lower in such lands
and tenemerns conveyed py such deed
or coniveyiane.
Sec. 7. Be it furtherr enacted,That
if any nidow' possessed oi a slave
or slaves as of the dower of her hus
band bhall, remove, or voluntarily
perr.mi to be removed out of this ter-
ritory, suchilavte or slaves or any of
theirincreise, without the consent
of him, her or them in reiersion,suc'h
widow shall fo leit all and ever su. h
slave or slaves which she holds of the
endowment of her husb.tnd uuiless
'bj consent of tl:e-peron or persons
That shall by law be entitled to the
reversion thereof. Provided nerer
thdless, lhat if the consent of those-
in reversion cannol be had, it shall
and be lawful for raid widow to 'take
the slave or slaves so in her posses-
sion, of the endowment of her hus-
hand to the circuit court of the p.
per county, and there have, their
names, ages and descriptions record-
ed ; and further if the said widow
will then and there give good and

sufficient security to be approved of
by the court, in double.the value of
the slaves so to be removed -condi-
tioned, that the same slaves shall hot
he wasted, but shall be forthcoming
to h i, her or them in reversion, af-
ter the death of said widow, in case
the slaves out live her or such part
thereof with the? additional in-
crease; then in that case it -hall and
may be l.wfri for said widow to re-
move or permit to be removed said
slav e or sl.l\ es, a, y d' sent of those
in re~ersion to the contrary notwith-
standing ; But the consent of those
in reversion shall superced-e-iie ne-
cestity of such security.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, thai
if any widow possessed as aforesaid
shall marry to a husband who shall
remove, ,r voluntarily permits to be
r'eiovecd ,u of f this te;'rilory suci'
slaveor slaves on any of their in.

crease without the consent of hin ,
her, or them in reversion, in such
-case it shall and nma) be lawful for ilt
person in revet son to lake aind pos
sess the saice slaves which he hol t
e;h in ri5hl of his wifes dow %r lot
and din:rng the life of said Ilustand.:
Provided, that if said husband nill
ha\e a descriptio: o he slaves,ain
their increase ihen in tbing recordeti,
anid-gie security as heroin b: fore
provided to be given by the widow
removing sAid dl.vcs, that then ihe
may re. ove the smell, as ini the c.laS
of the widows reio'.ine the salur
But the consent of ti,,se in ritesersim
shall suipercede the uecessiiy of giiv'
in -S ltch security.
Sec 90 B. ii f:r'lhep enarted,tha.
no iil i this act con'a!ned shi II i
coi -t.iitud to eid-c! any ri'h. waiic;i
! iy Ji\ e accrued, or been vestei<,
pr'io, to the. coitnln 'n cement of i-.
act. approvedd Seplember 14, 1822
4n Act concerning Wills. -
Be I; e:acai;ll by the .otvr nor and
L~-isiative Counctilof the Terriloy
of Florida, That vevry person ;;~:t.
i wen;y one yenrs or upwards being of
'd;iuld minid aid not a married wowun
slall nave power al his or her will
and pleiisure oy) last will and lesta-
ment i. wri:in;, to demise all the es-
late 1ri'ht title ani i, ierest in posses.
sion, ie a.ainrder or reverson, which lhe
or she hath, or at the time of his or
her death shall have- o, in or to lands
tenementj or herediln,ents, anniiities
or rents issuir.g out of them ; goods
and chattels, so as such last will and
testament be signed by tue test-itor
or testa!r':, or by some o'her person
in his oi her presence, and by his or
her direrti.ins and moreover if not.
wholly written by hiirns It' or herselfi
'e at'tstedl biy w. or lnore colmpe.
eni' win si s usuoscribin ti(eir n .w-s
im his or Iher Iig to the
u idow of testatorb their right of dower
*i; landis and teneimenits tvhich shall not
;:-tjudiced by the devise thereof.
'cec 2. Be it f1trthet ecnctcd, 'rhat e9s so tar as respects wtl s and, tes-
t,iinC:a, and marriage iiuts of hi--
(< td o\ er the estate of thie -. ife shall
be considered real estate a:d pass by
will and testament of persous being
,ossesstd these eot, subject to the same
r. gulations as landed property.
Sec. 3. Be itfurthel enacted, That
no will in writing or any devise there.
in o haitels shall b- revoked by any
subsequent will, codicil or declaia.
tion unless the sa me be in writing and
ac'coiTlp-nied with the formalities re-
quireid by law for the due execution
o the will thereby revoked.
Sec. 4. Be itfur!her enacted,That
if any testator make a last will and tes
talent. t hen he have no child living
wherein any child he might have is
not provided for, such will shall have
no cifec' after the birth of said child
uniless be dies unmarried and without
issue before he attains the age of
twenty one years-when a testator
having a child or children born before
making his last will and testament,& a
child shall be born afterwards neither
provided for nor disinherited, he shall
succeed to.the same portion of the es-
tate ~ he would have been entitled
to had tVe father died intestate, to.
'wards raising which the deviscees

and legatees shall contribute proper.
tionably out of the parts devised or
bequeathed to them.
Sec. 5. Be it further eacted,That,
no nuncapatite will shall be establish.
ed unless it bet made in the time of
the last illness of the deceased, and
unless he call upon two or moore dis-
interested persons to take notice and
bear testimony of such verbal will or
words of like import. And after six
months have elapsed no testimony
shall'be received to establish a nun-
c'lptive will, unless the testimony or
substance thereof was taken down in
writing by the witness in six days af-
ter they were spoken.
Sec. 6. ed it l, other enacted,Tliat
authenticated copies of wills proved
and recorded in any of the'United
States, or any other country relative

to ;;ny e tate in Ilhis teris iory, shall be
admitted to record in the circuit
Suut oft tis tierri-ory' and have the
--aiie motc'e unin teflit as it proved as
;,lIe. dei ced
:tic 7. Ihe ilfulther eiam. hd,That
lioil nl. in i ; dis act c (,haiitz d -htli he
construed to affect the rights alreaily
\etedl ly the pre-existiig laws in
iairri-ted 'tl ales in rcgarld to their
power of btqu;ealthtig their ~tparate
[ dpprcved Auh ust St. 1822.
An Act regu ci:(vtyances.
e iu eitct'.a y ed he Gotrtu.or aud
Lfj islai:ve ('oumc l ofthe 'Te ilory
.f ,' lo iaa, '1 ihat tio t sate of iiiheri.
nee or freehold or for a term or
.ure"than two years in lands and ttie
,ients sh1alhlhe coil eyed iroi o.ce to
tnl:wher, ui ess the convem'aire be
declared in writing, sealed and dtlivl
re'd, nor siall such conmeyance be
.ood against a purchaser for valuable
ousideration not having notice there-
of. or any creditor unless tie same wvri-
ing be acknowledged by the parly
or parties w:o shall have sealed and
delivered it or be proved by 'two or
more good and credible witnesses, to
be hin, her or their act, in the office
of the c.erk of the circuit court o Ithe
county here the land lies or some
part thereof until the same is deliver-
ed for record in said office.
Sec. 2. Be itfitllthr enacted,That
if the par' who shall sign and seal
such wriIing shall reside out of this
Tcrr,tory, the acknowledgment of
such party before any court of record
in the state or territory. here he may
,reside, or the proof of the requ.isile
inu .ber ofwairbeses to the signing and
sealhni 01 said illnsrumtent being duly
authenlic acts are in tlie shtae or territory whie e
i the Stme is made, su:hll be produced
to the clerk oi tle circuit' copi t in
'nia lerr'itlor) in the county where the
land lies, it shall be recorded and be
a-s-4e4itual in law to pass the title
fro :; the late of its record in this
lettiiory a- it i-rer-samne had been .ac
knowledge or proved as above dli.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted,That
when an) husb.i.d and wife shi:li sign
and seal a conveyance of any trart of
land, if she appear ih court and be ex-
amined piuily Pnd apart from her
husband, or out of court by the clerk
of the court or by two justices of the
peace, and if it be of land out of the
county if she be examined by two
justices or a notary public,.or if it be.
oat of the teerriory before any court
of record and certified by said court
it shall be received as a relinquish.
ment of tile right of dower in the land
so conveyed, and the same shall be
a valid conveyance and a perpetual
barto her risht of dower in the land.
Sec. 4. Be it ul iher enacted,That
any person or persons given a power
ct attorney to sell and convey lands
if he reside in a different county or
out of the territory, shall have the
same recorded .and certified as con*
veyances are directed to be as above
mentioned, and the same shall be
again recorded with the conveyance
executed 'by authority of the powea
of attorney in the county where the
land lies.

Sec. 5. Be it further enacted,Thrt
every estate in lands, which shall
'hereafter be granted, conveyed or
devised to one, although other words
which were heretofore necessary to estate of inheritance, be
not added shall be deemed a fee sim-
ple, if a less estate be not limited by
expresss words, or. do not appear to
hase been granted, conveyed or de-
Sised by construction' or operation of
law, where any estate hath been or
sballbe limited by any conveyance
in remainder, to'the son or daughter
or to the use of the son or daughter
of any person to be begotten, suci
son or daughter born after the des
cease of his or her father, shall take
the estate in the same manner as if ,e
or she had been born in the life time
the father although no estate shall

7T /* 7 7 7 T 7 /L /7



I II II i I liD -- --

No. 3.


viT, _,jy^T'y ritory. The First Consul of the French Rbpub- 'The treaty according to the original intent and
s lic, desiring to give to- the United States, a ~mntiar' finally received the King's sanction,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY EVENING, BY strong proof of his friendship, doth hereby cede and was ratified by the United "States, on the
HICHIIRD JW. EDES 9 CO to the.United States, in the name of the French 22d day of February, 1821. A law was imme-
lT lV DO LLARS ~.. Republic, forever, and its full sovereignty, the d lately afterr passed by Congress, authorising the
AT FIvE DOLLARS PER ANSUM, ATABLE I1 ADVANCE. said territory, with all its rights and appurte- President ofthe United States, totake possession
JVf'osaubscrtpiton received for a less term than one. nances, as fully and in the same manner as have of thp Floridas, and establish a territorial govern-
year, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are been acquired by the French Republic, in vir- men ; of which kJnjur-General Andrew Jackson,
paid, except at the discretion of the Publishers. tue of the above mentioned treaty, concluded is apppited Governoi.
Person r2slind their jpapers discontinued at the expi- with His Catholic Majesty." [Errfuon.-In the contents preceding this Sketch,
ration of the year willgive notice to that effect, otherwise Notwithstanding the unequivocal language of 6th liikfrom the bottom-for "'Boundaries establish
tthey -lll be considered a subscribersfor anothererer, right and title, guaranteed by the foregoing arti- ed by reaty, and the-loridas ceded to Great-Britain
cle of treaty, the Spanish government refused the i.. lc3 .ead-Bded to Spain in 1783.
-surrender West-Florida. The American gov- ceded to pa in 1783.
Ciermt of EbtCrtdiing. ernmient ultimately resorted to military ;force, ---- o a --
avzxTiessEMsTs not exceeding fifteen lines, wilbe and took possession of the. Fort at Mobile and From the .National Intelligeticer.
charged Onh DOLLAR for the first, and FkrrT C. Bry the Province.
for ever4 ubsequentinsertion. Those overfifteel iirtks. During the-late War, between the United NOTICE TO CLAIMANTS. r
inserted at the same rate. If the length of time is not States and Great-Britain, it became an object Offce of the Commissioners,
.specified, they will be continued until forbid, and with the latter, to forml an alliance with the Creek Wafshin toit, 14th-June, 1821.
charged accordingly. and Seminole Indians. To accomplish these T ot iuder the 11 th
Letter, sines, to he Editors, be purposes, the aid of the Spanish Governor orl The Commissioners, appointed uhder the dth
.lLegge, on business, to the Editors, mute f,
PY sp'cid. tensacola was important; to give free access article of the I'reaty of Amity, Settlement, id
through the Florida', to British emisares,'to sup Limits, between the United States of America
-- ply the Indians with munitions of war. Under and his Catholic Majesty concluded at Washing-
HISTORICAL SKETCH OF FLORIDA. 'the pretext of a deficiency of military force to ton, on the 22d day of february, 1819, to ascer-
preserve neutrality, a British force was permnitted tain the full amount and validity of the claims
(Concluded from last ek to garrison S eanh fortress een.- iied, or referred to, in the said Treaty be-
S[Ibde.. b t. -- in ..... ~o, outic ho lls enlisted a ing oigaiized as a Board, accordn to the
?PiesiiolauWas wounded by the trench mi 1699, forch-fitted out an expedition against the Fort provisions of the Treaty and the act of onegre
and is thetapital of West Florida, at the mouth of at Mobile, commanded by Major Lawrence, but in that case made and provided have passed the
EscImbia and Coenecup rivers, lat. 10. 15 north, was compelled to retire to Pensacola, with a following bOri of which, all those interested
and ion. 7. 14 west. The harbour is said to be considerable loss of men, and of the Commodore's 1 will be pleased to take notice:
spacious and safe; the bar admitting vessels draw- frigate Hermes. Ordered-That all persons having claims
isn twentyfeet water. The entrance to the bay Major-General Jackson marched into the -. un-der the' reaty of Amity, Settlement, and Lim-
is defended by a small fort on the w.t end of oinity of Pens,,cola, and sent a flag to the Gov- its, between the United States of t meerica and
I~ose!srsland and a battery on the mam land near- ernor, demanding redress for the violation of and his Catholic.Majety concluded at Washing
ly opposite. The Governors 'lace isalarge stone neutrality, in sufTering an expedition to be fitted ton on the 2,d day of February, 18.9, which are
building, ornamented with tower. Since it has out from that place against the United States. to be received by this Commissioido file a mermo
been in poseesion of Spain, it has been on the de- The flag was fired on, and compelled to return, rial of thf same with the Secretary of tie Board;
line. There was formeriv a fortification on the The situation in which General Jackson was I to the end, tlha'they may be hereafter duly exa
sand hills back of the town, but too distant to af- now' placed, would not admit of a temporizin mined, and the validity and amount thereof deci
ford substantial protection to the. town or harbour. policy; he therefore determined to hazard his ded upon, the suitable and authen-
n 1781,itwas taien from theBritish by aaSpanish t ame, lpon the exercise of his judgment; he de- I tic testimony concerning the same which may
force, commanded by Don Bernard Galves, after mand6d of the Spanish Governor, that the differ- be then required. The said memorial must be
an obstinate' defence. During the siege, a shell ent fits, by which the harbour of Pensacola was addressed to this Board'; must set forth, partic.
bursted open the door of the powder magazine, commanded, should be placed under the Urotec- ularly and minutely, the various facts and cir
uinder.the redoubt; which was blown upand one tion of the United States, until the Spanish Gov- cumsthnces whence the right to prefer such clair
hundred men killed and wounded. "Thle place ernment should furnish the means of enforcing is derived; and must be verified by the affidavi
was aoon after surrendered by capitulation, aid its neutral rights. This demand not having been of theclaimant
ritined in rossesion of Spain until it was ceded with, the troops were put in motion, -ad. inorder that claimants may be inform
to his Catholic majesty by the treaty of 1.7RS. complied with,"Ad, in order that claimants may be inform
.to his Catholic majesty by the treaty of 173Sa exhibiting evidences of an intention to make the ed of v hat is now considered by the Comnmisior
in common Aith the other provinces ofn pain in attack upon the western part of the town ; while as essential to be averred and established before
north America; West Florida has been an unpf- .the.eneralwibUt thea--it. body,. entered in an e ir ean b* '~*.ed by thi' Roarn1
table-andandt excpvbanr i ur~heitr'hv'' ipshit= oppositedlirection, beforethe garrison was aware it si further--
government. The civiland miltry fiocWt d of it. 'hey were Jnexpctediv saluted by a bat- Ordered, That each claimant shall declare
soldier. onstWute a majority 6te nhabitlts teryih the street, which, ufter a few vollice, was in his said memorial, for and in behalf of whon
and, m~ than half of the remainder, may justly carried by the baovnet. The Governor appeared toe said claim is preferred; and whether the a
be.cohpred-to the followers of a camp. By the with. a ,asr, and offered to surrender the town and mount thereof, and of eveifpa"rttheM'o if al
treaty of theSd of Sept. 1783, East and WeAt forts, unconditionally. The Barancas, whld i lowed, does now, and, at the time when the
FloAda were ceded by Great Britain a to, Spain. was the most important object of the expedition, said claim arose, did belong solely and absolutely
"Artice ith, His Catholic majsy agrees that remained to be taken possession of, but it wasi to the said claimant, or to any other, and if any
tl-.e Britih inhabitants or others who mayrhave destroyed by the British troops, who suddenly other,.what-person. And in cases of claims pre
been Slbjects of the King of Great Britain i the embarked on board of their shipping, and left the ferred'for the benefit of iay their than the claim
said countries, may retire in full sedrity and bay. The General returned from Pensacola, ant, the memorial to be exhibited must furthe
libertyirhere. hey shall 'think proper, andmay leaving the Spanish Governor well satisfied, that set forth, when, why, and by what means, suc
sell their resates and remove their effects as wel the American troops had not molested the per- other has become entatle& to tihe amount or an
as their' persons ; the term limited for their emi- sons or property of the S pahih subjects. part of the amount of the said claim. The mi
ration beng fixed to the space of 18 months- After the conclusion of the war between the moral, required to be exhibited by all claimants
but iffrom the value oftheir possessond they shall United States and Great Britain, some adventu- 'must-also set forth, and certainly declare, wheth
aot be able to di4sose of them within the said rers, who pretended to be subjects and agents of er the claimant, as well as any other for whlbs
term; then his Catholic nwaesty shalJ graut thre-n the British government, opened' a trade with the benefit the claim is preferred, is now, and at th
a9prolongation proportioned to that end." .uch Indians through the Floridas, and with the hope time when the said claim arqse was, a citizen <
tchoe to remain inpthe proviinces er e secured of indig their interest in the issue, gave aid and the United States of America-where he is now
in. all their. rights oeSpaptsh subjects. -oiitenaice to hostilities, which were carried and at the time the said claim arose was, domi
SBy th tre aty T t he-Sd of Sept. 178, between o by the Creek and Seminole Indians, against ciliated-and, if any, what change of domicilii
the Unted States and the King of Great Britain, the 'frontiers of Georgia; and several families tion has since taken place." The said memorit
.the lin'.ofdemarcation between the Floridas and were murdered. Another army was ordered into must dlso *et forth, whether the claimant, or an
the U. State commences on the lvissi;llippi, in the nation, under the command of Gen. Jackson, other who may have been at any time entitle
lat. 31 deg. north running due east to the middle and the Indians retired into Florida. They were to the amount claitned, or any part thereof, hal
of th rivers Apalachicolaor Chatahouchie, thence pursuedand defeated in several skirmishes; and ever received any, and, if any, what sum I
aloig the middle thro' to its junction with Flint under the protection of the Spanish government,- money, or other equivalent or indemnification
river, thence straight to the head of St.Mary's nv- three of the principal agents, whohad joined and for the loss or injury, sustained,.satisfaction fi
er, and thence along the middle of the St Mary's aided them in the war, were taken prisoners, which is therein asked.
river to the'Atlantic ocean, In this treaty, no These men were tried by a General Court Mar- J' And, that time may be allowed to claimant
notice is taken of the proclamation of the King of tial, and two of them, Robert C. Ambrister, and to-prepareand file the memorials above mention
England ofMarch 2,1771, by which the northern Alexander Arbuthnot, were found guilty-sen- ed ; it is further
limits of west Florida were extended to a parallel tenced to suffer death, and were accordingly Ordered, That when this Board shall adjoul
latitude with the mouth of the Yezoo; which after- hanged. John I Arbuthnot, beingless criminal, to-ay, it .will adjourn to meet again on the 101
wards wa made the source of difficulty by the was spared on account of his youth. This mea- da of September next; at which time it wi
Spanish government, in running the line ofdemar- sure which policy and justice required, put an p~ceea to decide whether any memorials whi<
cation; but the Spanish government ultimately end to hostilities, and closed the war. may have been filed with the Secretary, in pu
yielded, and the line was run, ac ording to the The prelimir ries of a treaty between the su'ncd of the above orders, shall be received f
treaty, in 1783. United States and Spainm has been the subject extamiation.
By the thaty betWeen France and the U. States of a tedious negciation, and' by the latter, a va- Oidered, That a copy of these proceeding!
dated at Paris on fhe 80th of April 1803 all the riety of evasive subterfuges .were reported to, for be published y the Secretary of this Board, in i
territory mentioned in the 8tli article, ofthe trea. the purpose of producing delay. Finding how- the.piublic Gazettes in which the laws of the Uri
ty of the 1eth of Feb. 1763, between France, ever, that there was a disposition on the part of ted Stites are usialVy lirinted."
Spain and England; was ceded to-the United the American government, to'take forcible pos- IBy:Order, T. WATKINS,
Sta iles, a followst. session of the lFlolidas, as a compensation for a Sectary-to the, Conmissimo under the 11
article st. Whereas by the thira article large amount, due by Spain for illea spoliations articleof the Florida Treaty.
of th&:treaty, concluded at St. Idelfonso, October omitted on th, de roSpe yn forf citi spolif tihe
t 1800, between the First Consul of the United States, the Spa.lish Minister, agreed td TE PRESS.
rench Republic, and His Catholic Majesty, it a session of the Flriadas, as a remuperation, in THThere has been much said and sung about theib
was agreed as follows : His Catholic Majesty, Feb. 1819. Carte had previously been taken b Thete has been much said and sung about the'lb
en es on his Spart, to cede to the French Re- thp King of Spain, to lay a plan to replenish his ty ofte pess; but that liberty is blessing ora cur
piii'c, sixrmoiths after the fllt and entire execu- coffers and increase the-wealth of some of his fa. like every thini belonging to human nature, accord
ul L~ ununns na tiplatonsheren, oriesby ivig tem rans fu th whle f t it us. Apres ththodsasten, ndeendn4'
















rI tei c iOnS and stipulations herein, vorites, by giving them grants for the whole of to its use. A press thptholds a stern,independenti
relative to.his Roval Highness, the Duke of Par- th unlocated territory. The Arerican'govern- unified tone, that dares to stand forth the champion
a, mehColony and-Province of Louisiana, with ment by this arrangement, would have made itself liberty n dindependence a to -frown indignant up
t same extent that it, now has.n the iands of responsible for the debt' Spain to the citi- tyranny in every shape ; to stafd as a sentinel on t
Spain, and that it 'had when F nce possessed zens of the United States, and his Catholic Maj. watchtower of the constitution, and to sound the ala
St ; and such as it should e r the treaties esty and his favorites, wouki have pocketed the on the approach of danger-to volunteer in-the servi
otbse uetly ipred into"between Spain and vilue of the spoil, out of which these debts were of opprssed-.nd insulted virtue ; to bring all the n
oter, San .piculal of he in d suanceof the intended to have been paid. Eight months were ral force it '-ay command to the asistahce of t
reaty, and palihaculrly oftheothird article tadd by wated in Md the American Minister, pulpit; to attack the strong holds of vice and depn
Yrncnl c Republio has &11 incontestable title to the before the point was yielded by the Spanish Gov- ity: such a jress is indeed, a pUblic blessing.
domain and to the possession of the said ter- ernment, and the grants made null anti void. h BaimunJla rmng Chronic,
I E~~da~ev~~ng hronck

URV,EYS, either of city lots, or tracts in--t
- vLn~suJi eBmad eu subscrier. Orders left at te Post-Office wit b
attended to by

July 25.-2t


' tHE Public ate informed, that a regular Mail
- will be continuedd between this City and St.
Mary's-It islH leave this, on Thursday morn-
ings, and return the following Monday's. Let-
ters intended to go by Mail, must be left at the
Post-Office on Wednesdays.
In future, all Captains of vessels, will be re-
quired to deposit ail letters brou ht the'em, in
this office, except those addressed to Coisignees,
D. COPP, acting Post-Jaaster.e V
July 17.--tf

W ILL be received by the Assistant oorm
missary of Subsistence, to furnish Fresh
Beef to the United States Troops, stationed at
Fort t. Marks.

July 17.--tf.

Asst. Cows'. Suk.

A N excellent BILLIARD TABLE, with
. Maces, Cues and Balls complete. It is in
order for immediate use, and will be sold low if
apphdation be made to
At Don Fernando Arredooo's Store-fouse,
July 21.

From a copy of the earliest extant issue, in the Library of Congress.

C --T`~
I -- ~-- I-luu-----c--s~

SaT-UR'Ba, jx3LX %sl itel.

am ~GUT;tE,(..

Messrs. Editors,
Observing in your paper ofjest. weet$ a "C'du-
tion,'" signed Wailiaam Roberts,:., intendipg 'to
mislead tee public, reflecting, not only agui st
the tribunal which existed in this city during the
Spanish authorities, in countenancing legal
*measures; whereby he pretends to say his *ite is
deprived of her brother's estate, but also to injure
the character of two gentlemen of the very high-
est standing whom he had the asuucance to naae.
Lest, from the absence of thyse geitlea4la,
the ignorant should credit those base assertions,
I come forward tn my own nuame, and und, r *y
otwnirsponsibility, to deny them, and to vindicate
if necessary, the integrity of the gentlemen whom
he has'dared to villify. Mr. Frasier, late ofthis
province, died after executing a will in his owh
and writing, which is clothed with aH the ap-
pearance of sound deliberation and forethotjght,
in which, amongst other legacies, he left to a
brother and sister, each-one thousand pounds
-terling, or the whole to thesurvivor. The sister,
Ann, whilst in Scotland, received the w': le
amount of two thousand pouw:ds, by the direc-
tion of Messrs. Yonge and, two of the
Executors named in the will. OwinP to her. al-
leging to them that the brother was dead, the'rest
of the property hegave to his. own cilitlren. Rob-
ertson did attempt to piroed at law tu'set side
that will.and to defeat the intentions ofabrother
who had acted' so liberally towards his sister.
I beg leave to inform the public thtt no such suit
is now pending, nor has Robert"n exhibited proof
to authorize him to appear at any tribunal either
as the husband, nor that the person he represents
is the buna fide sister of Mr. 'Frasier named in
his will; however, if ever he does, the Executrrs
are ready to establish the propriety of their con-
duct in the administration of that e-,ate, and to
expose the falsehoods which he has propagated
a-ainst them.
Please have the above published in your next
paper, and acknowledge me
Yours respectfully,
July 21.

NL shall & R'cuCkmaau,
FESPECTFULLY_ inform their fiends and
I S the public in general, that they have opened
the above establishment opposite the Customr
Houae, h bere this wiitaUil be Caintd.IHyr supplied
with the best of Malt and Spirlitra- i m o--
July 21.-
ESPECTFULLY informs the gentlemen of
St. Augustine, that she has opened an es-
tablishment west of the store of M. Pablo Sabate,
where they may pass their leisu e hours in per-
feet harmony, under the shade of a. refreshing
Srove. Every Sunday, Monddy, Wednesday and
Friday, green Turtle Soup will be served' from
,11 to 2 o'clock. Families can be supplied with sending early.
,July 2t. -St*
f DR. 1. N. 'WCOSKNY,
FFERS his professional 'services to the citi-
S zens of St. Augustine, 'He may be consult-
ed at any time at the old government house in thl
I square,
y July .1.-.-tf







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