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INFANTS PROGIRESS ,
BY TER AVTHOI OR
, LITTLE I-'NJY 14
AND HIS. ,, j..,.:%
AN" D ,
VALLEY OF DESTRUCTION
Xt THE AUTHOR OF
"LITTLE HENRY AND HIS BEARER."
ROBERT CARTER & BROTHERS,
No. 285 BROADWAY.
' ;* .*
MY LITTLE CHILDREN,-
THE intention of this story is to make you acquaint-
ed, in an agreeable manner, with many of those awful
mysteries of our holy religion, the knowledge of which
is necessary to your salvation.
You do not yet know what it is that has separated
you from your God: nor do you fully understand what
it was that induced the Lord our Redeemer to descend
from heaven for the purpose of assuming our nature,
and dying upon the cross. You have, perhaps, nevei
yet been informed that the sin of man's heart is very
great, very prevalent, and very hateful; and that, ex-
cept it be overcome, it will subject him to everlasting
Many long sermons have been preached,.and many
learned volumes have been written, in order both to
describe the nature of this sin, and to guard us against
its influence: but little children cannot understand
these grave and elaborate discourses. I have there-
fore written for your instruction on this subject a story
about some little children, who, like yourselves, were
born in a state of sin. And in this story I have per-
sonified the sin of our nature, and introduced it as the
constant companion of these children.
The relation is given under the form of a dream, the
various incidents of which are so contrived as to show
how incessantly sin assaults even those who are truly
devoted to God, and what unhappiness it causes them
from the beginning to the end of their days.
Through the whole of this dream, the present life is
compared to a pilgrimage, which signifies a journey
undertaken for some pious purpose; and in every part
of it especial care has been taken distinctly to mark the
straight and only way to the kingdom of heaven,-viz.
the Lord Jesus Christ, who himself hath said, "I am
the way, the truth, and the life; no man cometh unto
the Father but by me."
Now as nuts and almonds are hidden under rough
shells, and as honey is concealed in the bells and cups
of flowers, so there is a hidden meaning in every part
of my allegory, which I hope you will be enabled to.
draw forth for your profit. In the mean time, my
dear children, I pray God to seal instruction upon your
hearts, and fill you with that heavenly wisdom whose
price is far above rubies.
I will just add that this little work was composed in
the East Indies during the year 1814.
--- -- --- --- -- --
ONE night as I lay upon my bed, I dreamed a
Methought I was sitting upon some high place, re- '
sembling a cloud; beneath which there was spread out
a very large plain, called the Plain of Destruction, con-
taining all the towns, and villages, and dwelling-places
of the children of men, with their kings' houses, and
the temples of their gods.
Some of these places possessed many external ad-
vantages, and were not unpleasant to look upon; for
God maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good,
and sendeth rain on thejust and on the unjust. Matt.
v. 45. Nevertheless, no man could remain in safetyin
any of the habitations of this plain; because, from time
6 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
to time, the earth opened, and there came out fire and
smoke, hell itself lying close underneath: the place
therefore was properly termed the Plain of Destruc-
tion. Moreover, occasionally, dreadful storms of thun-
der and lightning broke over the plain; where I saw
some as they travelled through the country stricken
with thunderbolts from heaven-For the Lord looked
down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if
there were any that did understand and seek God : but
they are all gone aside, they are altogether become filthy ;
there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Psalm xiv.
Now, while I looked, behold, a certain person ap-
peared clothed in white, and bearing in his hand the
Book of God. This person's name was Evangelist; and
being sent from God, he went from city to city, and
from house to house, warning them to flee from the
wrath to come. And these were the words in which
he addressed them-" Ye are all sinful, ye are all un-
clean; ye have departed from the service of the Lord
your Maker, and are under the condemnation of hell:
nevertheless, the Lord hath prepared for you a way
to escape, 'for God so loved the world, that he gave
his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth '
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
him should not perish, but have everlasting life.' John
I saw, then, that to such as were disposed to in-
quire further into this matter, being content to turn
theirbacks upon the world, and to take Christ for their
portion, Evangelist pointed out certain hills at a great
distance, over which there was stretched, straight as
an arrow, and as far as the eye could reach, a narrow
path, having so upward a tendency that I could not
distinguish the farther end of it, by reason of the
glory and brightness which were cast thereon from the
heavens. Now at the entrance of this path there was
a narrow pass or cut through the hills, where a little
gate was placed, the Lord Jesus Christ himself merci- ^,
fully providing this way for the escape of sinful men,
and setting before them an open door which no ~man can
shut. Rev. iii. 8.- So I continued to look on Evan-
gelist; and behold, he went to the door of a small
house in a certain little village, and, as his manner was,
The name of this village was Family Love. Many
parts of it lay in ruins, having been destroyed by suc-
cessive tempests and the heaving of the earth: never-
theless, what remained thereof was exceedingly fair
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
and lovely, so that in all the plain I saw not such an-
Now, as I before said, Evangelist knocked at the
door of a certain small house; when presently one
coming and opening the door, he entered in.
In this house dwelt a certain young man, with his
wife and their three little children. So I saw, in my
dream, that Evangelist delivered his message to the
young man and his wife, saying, Flee from the wrath
These young people then put certain questions to
Evangelist, saying, "Whither shall we flee? or who
shall help us ?"
Upon which Evangelist gave them a book and bade
them read therein. So they opened the book, and read
these words: Let not your heart be troubled: ye be-
lieve in God, believe also in me. In my Father's house
are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have
told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I
go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and
receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye
may be also.-I am the way, the truth, and the life:
no man cometh unto the Father but by me. John xiv.
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 9
Then said the young man, Where shall we find him
of whom this is written ?"
In answer to which, Evangelist opened his mouth
and taught them many things concerning the Lord
Jesus Christ: how God was manifest in the flesh, justi-
fied in the Spirit, seen of angels,preached unto the gen-
tiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. 1
Tim. iii. 16. And behold, while Evangelist yet spake,
the Holy Spirit of God entered their hearts, and they
cried out, as with one voice, Lord, we believe; help
thou our unbelief." Mark ix. 24.
Evangelist then pointed out to them the means of
escape, even the little door which the Lord had opened
at thehead of the way; and behold, a very bright light
issued from thence. Then said Evangelist, "Keeping
that light in your eye, go up directly to it; and when
ye come to the door, knock without fear. Christ is the
door: by him if any man enter in, he shall be saved."
John x. 9.
So while I continued to look, the man and his wife
began to put themselves in readiness for their journey :
busying themselves, at the same time, in teaching their
little ones such things as they had themselves learned
from Evangelist. But, while they lingered, Evangelist
10 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
hastened them, saying, "Escape for your lives; for the
time is short."
To which they replied, "Must we leave our little
ones behind ?"
It is the will of God," answered Evangelist, that
for the trial of your faith, you should give up these
little ones for a season. 'For every one that hath
forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or
mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's
sake, shall receive an hundred fold, and shall inherit
everlasting life.' Matt. xix. 29. 'Leave thy father-
less children: I will preserve them alive, saith the
Lord.' Jer. xlix. 11."
Now the poor parents, in obedience to the will of
God, kissed their pretty babes, and with many tears
and prayers charging them to follow their steps,
they hastened away, because the messenger of God
was exceedingly urgent. So turning their steps to-
wards the shining light, they speedily reached the
wicket-gate: where the Lord of the way having gra-
ciously received them, and washed them from their
sins, and clothed them in fair white garments, and set
them in the narrow path which leadeth unto the city
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
-they were shortly and safely conveyed through the
black river of death unto everlasting glory.
Upon this I turned my eyes towards the little ones,
who were left behind in their father's house-the
eldest of which was a boy named Humble Mind, being
not quite ten years old; and he had two little sisters,
whose names were Playful and Peace, the younger of
whom was of very tender age.
I saw, then, that after their father and mother had
left them, very little care was taken of the poor babes;
so that their clothes were little better than rags ; while,
like the prodigal son in the gospel, they would fain
have filled their bellies with the husks which the swine
did eat. Luke xv. 16. Moreover, I saw that they had
for a companion one who had been brought up under
the same roof with them, as ill-favored and ill-con-
ditioned an urchin as one could see, whose name was
Inbred or Original Sin. His great forefather, a child
of hell, came into this world at the time when Adam
ate the forbidden fruit; and from that very moment
he became the constant companion of our first parent.
Moreover, as Adam's family increased on the earth, in
like manner the family of Original Sin multiplied, filling
the whole earth with violence, and leading men to the
12 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
commission of every evil work (Galatians v. 19); inso-
much that the history of all the kingdoms of the earth,
ay, and of every individual in them, from the fall of
Adam till now, is filled up with the ill-doings of this
apostate family. And even now, so entirely are the
sons of Adam under the power of Inbred-Sin, that they
cannot even wish to do well, without the help of God:
but the Lord Jesus Christ, having by his death upon
the cross obtained for us the assistance of the Holy
Spirit of God, we are enabled, through his help, to
subdue our inbred corruption.
Having said thus much concerning the family of this
Inbred-Sin, I shall now proceed to describe what I ob-
served of his habits and tempers, wherein he differed
so little from other individuals of his hated race, that
in describing one of the family, I cannot fail to convey
a tolerably correct idea of all the rest.
In the first place, I remarked that he never slept;
but that he was on the alert, and, as it were, on the
lookout for occasions of action both day and night,
neither observing any Sabbath-day himself, nor allow-
ing any season of rest to those with whom he famil-
iarly associated: for the wicked are like the troubled
sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS,
dirt. Isa. Ivii. 20. His grand work was that of con-
triving mischief, and setting others to execute it; and
from this work he never ceased. Even while the chil-
dren were in their beds, he would sit on their pillows
and whisper all manner of evil in their ears, filling their
fancies with idle dreams, and suggesting such a variety
of unholy thoughts, that on their awaking they were
prepared for every evil deed.
Another quality of Inbred-Sin appeared to be this,
that he was a stranger to shame, and could neither be
put out of countenance, nor thrown off his guard; so
that when pursuing any object, if baffled in one way,
he would instantly wheel about and come to the very
same point by some other way, and that, perhaps, such
a round-about one, as would make it believed that he
had given up the very purpose which he was then ac-
tually carrying into effect. He had also this further
quality in common with others of his family, that the
more he was submitted to, the more unreasonable he
became in his demands; frequently requiring such com-
pliances as led, not only to great inconvenience, but to
It is true that the children had no desire to contend
with him; nay, they had, in fact, great pleasure in
14 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
obeying his commands. Nevertheless, there were oc-
casions, as I said before, when he would require them.
to do such things as necessarily exposed them to the
danger of immediate punishment; and, on these occa-
sions, something like an argument or discussion would
arise between them, when it was marvellous to observe
how he would proceed till he had brought about his
It was also wonderful what devices he would put
the little ones upon, in order to avoid detection; and
if at any time they were found out in a fault, he was
never at a loss to gloss it over, by putting some plaus-
ible falsehood into their mouths. And if nothing else
could screen them from punishment, he would put
them upon seeming humble and sorry for the offence
they had committed ; merely for the purpose of bring-
ing themselves out of present trouble. At other times
he would set them to quarrel one with another, insti-
gating each one to set up himself in opposition to the
Moreover, I saw that this Inbred-Sin never left the
children; dwelling in their house, lying in their bo-
soms, walking out with them when they went abroad,
and sitting down with them at all their meals; neither
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
indeed was there anything done in the family, great
or small, in which this busy one did not meddle and
I perceived, further, that this Inbred-Sin loathed
and hated all that was good, influencing the children
to do the same; so that, if by chance they heard any
one of their neighbors reading a good book, or speak-
ing a word for God, they would shut their ears and
run away; choosing rather to wallow with the swine
in the mire of the streets, than to give their hearts to
any good. And in proportion as Inbred-Sin influenced
the children to hate and loathe all that was good, he
caused them also to desire and eagerly long after all
manner of evil; so that "they gave themselves over
to work all uncleanness with greediness." Ephes. iv. 19.
Then began I to fear for these little ones, and to
consider by what means they might be delivered from
the power of this Inbred-Sin-" for the wages of sin
is death." Rom. vi. 23.
16 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
AFTER awhile I looked again at these three children,
to wit, Humble Mind, Playful, and Peace; and be-
hold, Evangelist again came up to the door of their
dwelling, and knocked.
Then said Inbred-Sin, "Behold, Evangelist knocks
at the door. Open not to him; for Evangelist is a
hard master, and he will bring us to judgment for our
Now I saw, in my dream, that while the children
stood doubting whether they should open the door,
Evangelist put his hand in by the hole of the door, and
entered the house. Cant. v. 4. Then were the hearts
of the children moved towards him; and behold In-
bred-Sin shrank back and hid himself.
I heard then that Evangelist opened his mouth and
spake tenderly and comfortably to these little ones.
And first he showed them, that although they were
I saw then that the Evangelist opened his mouth and spake
tenderly to these little ones." p. 16,
under the dominion of Inbred-Sin, and by their unholy
living were prepared for eternal punishment, yet it was
not the. will of their heavenly Father that one of them
should perish. After this he explained unto them, as
his manner was, what God had done for the salvation
of men; how he had sent his only Son, the LordJesus
Christ, to take upon him a human form, and A.o 4ie
upon the cross for the salvation of all such as believed
in him. Moreover, he showed them how Christ had, ,
by his death, procured for mankind the assistance Of
the Holy Spirit of God, through which every man
might be enabled to war with and finally to overcome
his inbred or original sin. He then pointed out to them
the only path to everlasting happiness, even the nar-
row pass cut through the hills, which openeth into the
way of salvation; after which he gave to each of them
a book, even the Book of God, bidding them to read
therein, and pray for the Spirit of Truth (that is, the
Holy Ghost), that he might guide them into all truth.
John xvi. 13. So he departed for a while.
Now I sa, in my dream, that, as soon as Evange-
list was departed, Inbred-Sin came forth from his hid-
ing-place, and behold, he was in a fearful rage.
"What," said he, "has this man been saying ?
.. .. ,,, ..._.
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
18 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
Would he have you to leave all your friends and neigh-
bors, your playmates and companions, your sports and
pleasures, in order to take up the life of a pilgrim ?
Would he have you to spend all your time in reading
dull books, and in saying your prayers! I hate this
man, and his books, and his counsels."
But," said Humble Mind, if we do not hearken to
the words of Evangelist, and if we remain in this place
Until we die, shall we not go to hell ?"
Upon which I heard Inbred-Sin pleading thus with
the children: "Are you not very young, and will it
not be many years before you become old ? and when
you are old, will it not be time enough to think of dy-
"But many children die," said Humble Mind.
To which Inbred-Sin replied, If you should hap-
pen to die while you are a child, God will not punish
you for your faults as he will punish those of maturer
age who know better."
But I know that I ought to be good," answered
Humble Mind, though I am not yet a Aan."
"Well, then," said Inbred-Sin, seeing that he could
in no other way prevail, if you cannot be satisfied to
stay here, and live like other children, but must go on
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 19
pilgrimage; why then you must needs go. It is not
necessary, however, that you should set out to-day;
to-morrow will be time enough; let us therefore, for
the present, put away Evangelist's books, and go to
"Yes," said Playful, "do, Humble Mind, put away
the books now. Let us spend this evening in play,
and to-morrow we will begin our journey to the Celes-
So Humble Mind did as Inbred-Sin advised him.
He laid down the book which Evangelist had given
him; when I saw that the three children immediately
went to play, and Inbred-Sin went with them.
The next day I was anxious to observe whether the
children would bethink themselves of obeying the com-
mands of Evangelist: but I found that Inbred.Sin
would in no wise allow them so to do.
Now Humble Mind could read very well, having
been carefully instructed by his father: neither were
Playful and Peace bad readers, considering their ten-
der year Nevertheless, I saw that they gave no heed
to the books which Evangelist had given them; for al-
though they took them up several times, yet before
they could get through a single sentence of tbhir con-
~~ ~ ~ *^ ..^.m ll
20 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
tents, Inbred-Sin expressed such a loathing and abhor-
rence of their employment, that they were glad, for
4 the sake of quietness, to put the books aside again.
Then as to forsaking their home, and going on pil-
grimage, they seemed altogether to have lost all thought
of such a thing. Observing this, I looked again for
help for these children, crying out in a sort of unbe-
lieving despondency, How can these sinful little ones
be saved!" But I considered not that God is faith-
ful, by whom they were called unto the fellowship of
his Son Jesus Christ. For God hath chosen the fool-
ish things of the world to confound the wise; and God
S hath chosen the weak things of the world, to confound
the things which are mighty; and base things of the
world, and things which are despised, hath God cho-
sen, yea, things which are not, to bring to naught things
that are: that no flesh should glory in his presence."
1 Cor. i. 9, 27-29.
Now when things had remained for some time in
this state, I perceived that the Lord began again to
deal with Humble Mind, but after a mannepmewhat
different from his former dealings with him; and be-
hold he sent another messenger unto him from on high,
who appeared before him at night, and this messen- I
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 21
ger's name was Conviction-of-Sin. While Humble
Mind was lying upon his bed, I saw that Conviction-of-
Sin stood before him. "Fear came upon him, and
trembling, which made all his bones to shake. Then a
spirit passed before his face; the hair of his flesh stood
up: it stood still, but he could not discern the form
thereof: an image was before his eyes; there was si-
lence, and a voice was heard, saying, Shall mortal man
be more just than God? shall a man be more pure
than his Maker? Behold, he put no trust in his ser-
vants: and his angels he charged with folly: how much
less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foun-
dation is in the dust, which are crushed before the
moth ? They are destroyed from morning to evening:
they perish forever, without any regarding it." Job iv.
14-20. So this Conviction-of-Sin stood before Hum-
ble Mind, and laid all his iniquities in order before
him ; at which Humble Mind was so dreadfully alarmed
that he trembled exceedingly, while the water stood
in cold drops upon his forehead.
Now w,,n this new messenger first appeared, I per-
ceived tha)Inbred-Sin hid himself in Humble Mind's
bosom. But after a while he began to look up, till by
degrees, gathering courage, he sprang from bf place,
22 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
and flying at the throat of Conviction-of-Sin, griped
and squeezed him after such a fashion, that I verily
thought he would have utterly destroyed him-the
other however exerting himself manfully, they contin-
ued struggling and fighting till sunrise; each party in
his turn, as he obtained the superiority, attacking poor
Humble Mind in so vehement a manner, that I feared
the poor boy would be killed between them. But, as
I have just intimated, when the sun arose, the contest
ceased, Conviction-of-Sin then spreading his wings,
and mounting upwards; for Cznviction-of-Sin is of
heavenly birth, and unto him it may be truly said,
Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest. Psalm xciv.
12. So Humble Mind was left lying on his bed,
sorely distressed, and bitterly lamenting.
After this, I saw, in my dream, that it began to be
noised abroad in those parts, that Conviction-of-Sin
had visited Humble Mind; and thus the neighbors dis-
coursed thereupon:-" What is this Conviction-of-Sin
which is come unto the child ? What sin can this little
boy have been guilty of? .But that same Evangelist,
who turned the heads of his father and mother, is,
it seems, frequently meddling with him; so that,
unless we can hit upon some method of diverting his
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 23
thoughts from the communications of that enthusiast,
the boy will never be good for anything as long at he
Then one neighbor said to another, "Come, let us
go and talk with this boy, and try to put other thoughts
in his head: for, if this Evangelist and his counsels
prevail in our streets, what will become of the honor
of our town; or how shall we preserve our credit
So the neighbors agreeing together, they came to
Humble Mind's house; where, having knocked at the
door, they speedily obtained entrance, and found the
children preparing to be gone; for the pain and an-
guish which Humble Mind had suffered from the attacks
of Conviction-of-Sin rendered it altogether impossible
for him to rest in the place where he was.
Accordingly, on rising from his bed, he had opened
his mind to his sisters, in spite of Inbred-Sin, who ve-
hemently opposed him, declaring his determination, by
God's help, to set out on pilgrimage. He had also,
through the Divine blessing, obtained his dear sisters'
consent to accompany him: so that, when the neigh-
bors arrived, they found the three children preparing
to be gone.
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
Now I perceived that there arose a very vehement
dispute between the children and the neighbors who
were come to dissuade them from going on pilgrimage ;
and behold, Inbred-Sin very resolutely sided with the
neighbors, applauding and seconding their carnal rea-
The neighbors represented to the little ones, that
the profession of a pilgrim was a profession as despi-
cable as it was unprofitable; since nothing could be
gained by it, while much might be lost: "For," con-
tinued they, "he that stays at home, and does his
duty, is in as sure a way of salvation as he that forsa-
keth all to follow his own fancy."
Now Humble Mind knew not every argument proper
to be used against the false reasoning of his neigh-
bors, on account of his youth and inexperience ; but he
made answer to the best of his ability, and said, I
have not only been made to know my sins, but am con-
vinced that I can do nothing to save myself, all my
best actions being marred and spoiled by sin. I find
therefore that the assistance of one who is both able
and willing to save me is absolutely necessary to my
deliverance; and to such a deliverer I must fly. I do
not however presume to judge or decide for other peo-
THE INANWT'S PROGRESS. 25
pie: there may, perhaps, be some who do not stand
in such need of a Saviour as I do; but, for my own
part, I have been made to know that I am dead in
trespasses and sins."
And these little ones, thy sisters," said the neigh-
bors, "what have they done, that they should be ex-
posed to all the hardships of a pilgrim's life ?"
To this Humble Mind replied," I have heard it said,
and have also read in my book, that we are all born in
sin; and that, unless our nature is changed, and a right
spirit renewed within us, we must all surely perish.
It appears, then, that the youngest among us stands
in as much need of a Saviour as those who have com-
mitted more actual offences; and hence it becomes the
duty of every child, as soon as he has any discernment,
to inquire after this Saviour. On this account, there-
fore," continued Humble Mind, "I, who esteem my-
self the chief of sinners, am, with God's help, about to
leave all things, in order to seek the way of salvation
pointed out in this holy book which I hold in my
I perceived then, that, when the neighbors saw the
firmness of Humble Mind, after ridiculing and mocking
him, they proceeded to loud abuse, "invectives, and
26 THE INFANT' *-PROGRESS.
threatening: but Conviction-of-Sin had dealt with
Humble Mind to such purpose, that his determination
to go on pilgrimage was not to be shaken. Neverthe-
less, the little girls were much terrified by the harsh
language of their neighbors; and their trouble was not
a little increased by the whisperings of Inbred-Sin, who
would have it that they were running themselves into
a thousand needless snares and troubles, by giving heed
to the advice of Evangelist.
Now I saw, in my dream, that, when the neighbors
perceived that they could prevail nothing, they took
counsel aside one with another; and this was the pur-
port of their consultation:-
There dwelt in those parts a certain schoolmaster,
one who was countenanced by the king of the country,
even the prince of this world; and one who stood high
in favor with all the chief inhabitants and honorable
men of the land. This schoolmaster, whose name was
Worldly-Prudence, was descended from an ancient
family, and could boast of a long line of ancestry, all
of whom had betn employed by the prince of this
world in the instruction of youth. He was a person
of a venerable appearance, and knew how to make
himself agreeable to all ranks and orders of men, hav-
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
ing wit at will, and arguments always ready to support
his opinions. He was well skilled in ancient learning,
had much to say in favor of human wisdom, and could
speak largely of the dignity of the human mind; but
if he did not utterly despise religion, as some confident-
ly assert, he at least gave it but a secondary and infe-
rior place in all the concerns of life.
Now, as this schoolmaster was held in general respect
and fear by the children of the land, it was proposed
by the neighbors, when they discovered Humble Mind's
unyielding inclination to a pilgrim's life, that this
schoolmaster should be brought to him and his sis-
ters; "For," said they, "the children will assuredly
acknowledge his authority, although they despise our
So they made haste; and when they had found Mr.
Worldly-Prudence, they brought him to Humble Mind's
house. Then I hearkened to what should pass be-
tween the schoolmaster and Humble Mind, confidently
expecting that Mr. Worldly-Prudence would begin to
rail at religion and pour contempt upon a pilgrim's
life; because I knew that he was in the service of the
prince of the world. But I was mistaken; for he
went more cautiously to work, opening the conversa-
28 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
tion by speaking highly of the religion of Christ, and
praising those men who faithfully devoted themselves
to his service. And having thus thrown Humble
Mind off his guard, he proceeded in a more direct man-
ner to the accomplishment of the business he had un-
dertaken, namely, to turn the child from that way of
salvation which Evangelist had pointed out.
"Have you been informed, my son," said Mr.
Worldly-Prudence, addressing himself to Humble
Mind, "that this way, into which you are so rashly
and hastily determined to set your foot, is a way
abounding in all manner of snares and dangers; and
that if you go unprepared to meet these dangers, you
must inevitably perish !"
"I know, sir," replied Humble Mind, "that the way
of the pilgrim is thickly set with dangers, and that I
am weak, and unprovided with any means of self-'
defence; but Evangelist has .taught me to trust in
Him for help who will assuredly bring me through
"The Lord our God," said Mr. Worldly-Prudence,
"as Evangelist has taught you, will no doubt ultimate-
ly become our Saviour; but this consideration is by no
means to prevent us from exerting ourselves in the use
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
of those powers which God has given us for the pro-
motion of his glory, and for our own preservation. In
the way which Evangelist has persuaded you to take,
you will meet with thieves, with wild beasts, with
giants, and dragons; with adversaries who will ridicule
and scoff at you; with some who will endeavor to
shake your faith by learned and wily arguments; and
others who will endeavor to mislead you by cunning
"Now, in order properly to meet all these difficul-
ties," continued Mr. Worldly-Prudence, "you ought to
understand the whole art of offence and defence as it
is taught in my school; and this I can speedily put
you in the way of acquiring, if you will but delay a
short time your perilous undertaking, and put yourself
under my care. Moreover, you should have a familiar
acquaintance with such facts and objections, such reas-
onings and representations as your adversaries are
likely to produce; lest, by your ignorance, you should -
bring the Christian profession into disgrace. For the
enemies of our Lord are often found to be men of f
such deep learning, ready wit, and shining talents,
as enable them very readily to perplex and con-
found their opponents. And how, I ask, can a child
30 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
like you expect to prevail against such wily an-
"Is it not written," said Humble Mind," Out of the
mouths of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected
praise ?" Matt. xxi. 16.
"It is so written," said Mr. Worldly-Prudence,
"and it doth so happen, sometimes, that even babes in
Christ appear to triumph over the wise and learned of
this world. But these are extreme and rare cases;
and such results can only be expected where the ordi-
nary means of improvement have not been enjoyed.
But can the blessing of God be expected to follow a
youth who, on being offered the advantages of human
learning, rejects them all, either from the indolence of
his nature or from his false notions of religion ? Come
with me, therefore, I entreat you, Humble Mind," con-
tinued the schoolmaster; "remain but a while under
my tuition, and you shall then go forth not unprepared
for that mighty warfare with demons and infidels,
which he must needs engage in who becomes a pil-
Now I perceived that Humble Mind did not thor-
oughly understand all these big words which were used
by Mr. Worldly-Prudence; but so far he thought he
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 81
understood their meaning, viz. that the way of salva-
tion was an extremely dangerous way, and such a one
as could not be safely travelled by an ignorant or un-
tutored child. Here therefore the poor boy felt himself
in a strait, not knowing what to do or say: for as he
was pressed on one side by the dread of Conviction-of-
Sin, from whose assaults he was still exceedingly sore;
so on the other he was vehemently urged by Inbred-Sin
and Mr. Worldly-Prudence, which last held him at this
moment by the arm, and seemed by no means inclined
to leave his hold.
Now after a while I looked again, and, behold, the
enemy had prevailed; so I saw Mr. Worldly-Prudence
leading away Humble Mind to his school, having qui-
eted Playful and Peace by a promise that their brother
should soon return to them completely armed and pre-
pared to be their defender in the perilous journey
which they were desirous to undertake.
Then I looked again after Humble Mind, whom Mr.
Worldly-Prudence had conveyed to his school-house,
a very ancient building, situated on an unenclosed
ground, among wild olives and other trees, which had
never been grafted, and which therefore produced but
little fruit. And behold, many boys were passing to
32 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
and fro through the courts of the school-house; and I
hearkened to the language which they used, but it bore
no resemblance to the language of Zion.
So Mr. Worldly-Prudence led Humble Mind into
his study; and having examined him concerning what
he had learned, he directed him to lay aside for the
present the book which Evangelist had given him; in-
stead of which he put into his hands certain heathen
writers of ancient date, which he assured him it was
necessary that he should study, in order effectually to
refute the adversaries of religion. So having finished
the em tion, the schoolmaster brought Humble
Mindinto the school-room among the other boys-and
Inbred-Sin was with him.
There Humble Mind remained for a season in the
school of Mr. Worldly-Prudenc, studying such books
as were placed before him, and playing with his school-
fellows at their customary games.
Now I perceived, in my dream, that all who belonged
to the school were called Christians, and that certain
moral forms were observed by the master; while the
religion of Christ was never mentioned in the school;
neither was any reference made to our Lord's will and
pleasure in the conduct either of scholars or masters;
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
nor was I able to discover how that which was taught
the boys could have any tendency, either directly or
indirectly, to the advancement of religious knowledge.
Then anxiously watching to observe what effect this
mode of life would have upon Humble Mind, I speedily
remarked, that he grew utterly dull and dead. with re-
spect to the concerns of his soul; that he conversed
with Inbred-Sin as with a bosom-friend and brother;
and that Inbred-Sin ruled him as entirely as he for-
merly had done. Thus the enemies of the Lord for a
while were permitted to triumph. In the meau time I
looked around for help; but, for the pr could
34 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
Now I saw, in my dream, that it pleased the Lord
of pilgrims, after a time, to stretch forth his arm for
the preservation of the child. And behold, Evangelist
came to him as he stood before the door of the school-
house, and said, Humble Mind, what dost thou here ? -
Did I not visit thee in thy father's house ? and did I not
warn thee to flee from this country ? Knowest thou
not that sure destruction awaits such as continue to
dwell in this place ?"
On hearing the words of Evangelist, Humble Mind
began to tremble. Inbred-Sin also drew into the back-
ground; still however keeping close enough to the ear
of Humble Mind to whisper therein the answers which
he should make to Evangelist.
"Did I not point out," said Evangelist, "the dangers
which awaited thee on remaining in this place ? and
did I not charge thee to flee by the gate which is erected
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
at the head of the way of life ? What, then, art thou
doing here ?"
To this Humble Mind replied, "Sir, fearing that I
might be too weak to wrestle with the enemies which
I was told would meet me in the way, I was persuaded
to come hither, in order to learn the art of attack and
defence, and to obtain such other kinds of knowledge
as might fit me to contend with the adversaries of our
And what is that art of war ? and what is that
knowledge," asked Evangelist, "which thou hast been
acquiring in this place ? Knowest thou not, my son,
that he only is strong who walks in the strength of
the Lord ? and that he only is mighty in arms who
puts on the whole armor of God ?"
"I have acquire the knowledge of many estimable
things in this school," replied Humble Mind, where
my master has endeavored to confirm my belief in the
holy Book of God by making me study the writings
of ancient authors; several of whom are found so far
to agree with the sacred Scriptures as to cast some
light upon them."
"And hast thou not," said Evangelist, while look-
ing at these lesser lights, forgotten to fix thine eye on
36 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
that diviner light which will not fail to shine brighter
and brighter unto the perfect day ?"
I heard also that Evangelist proceeded to pronounce
certain dreadful threatening in the ear of Humble
Mind; under the terrors of which he broke into tears
and cries, saying, "Sir, I confess that I have done
amiss, and desire to do better: but I am held in such
a state of bondage by this my companion, even this sin
which so easily besets me, that 'the good that I would,
I do not; but the evil which I would not, that I do.' "
Rom. vii. 10.
Then spake Evangelist-" Know, my son, that this
Inbred-Sin which dwelleth with thee is so exceedingly
powerful, that no man hath ever been able, by his own
strength, to break the yoke of that wicked one from
off his neck. When Adam transgressed the law of
God by eating the forbidden fruit, this Inbred-Sin was
then conceived in his heart; anfrom thenceforward
the nature of every man, who is of the offspring of
Adam, has been very far drawn aside from original
righteousness, and strongly inclined to evil; so that
the flesh lusteth always against the Spirit. Moreover,
this contrary tendency so far prevails in every person
born into the world, as to deserve God's wrath and
INFANT'S PROGRESS. 37
damnation. Wherefore no man is counted righteous
before God, excepting and only for the merit of our
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by faith, and not for
his own works or deservings. That holy Book there-
fore which I delivered to thee doth set out unto us only
'the name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be
saved.' (Articles of the Church.) The Lord Jesuse
Christ hath mercifully opened a way for sinners unto
salvation-He is (the way, the truth, and the life;'
and 'no man cometh unto the Father but by him.'
John xiv. 6. Now I formerly pointed out to thee this
way of salvation, which is thus described--' Strait is
the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto
life; and few there be that find it: but wide is the
gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction;
and many there be which go in threatt." Matt. vii.
I heard then that Evangelist spake of Mr. Worldly-
Prudence and his followers. "These are the men,"
said he, who think themselves wiser than their Maker,
and who turn aside many young persons from the right
way, in order to fill them with such knowledge as only
puffeth up, and tendeth to destruction. They take the
sling and the stone from the hand of the youthful pil-
38 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
grim, and put on him the armor of Saul; they rob him
of his Bible, and fill his mouth with the words of man's
wisdom; so that more young pilgrims are destroyed
by this Worldly-Prudence than by thousands of the
open enemies of our Lord."
In this manner spake Evangelist; after which I saw,
in my dream, that he again put into Humble Mind's
hand the Book of God, bidding him beware, and never
again part with it; "For it shall be," said he, "a
lamp unto thy feet, and a light unto thy path."
Psalm cxix. 105.
So Humble Mind received the book; and, placing
it in his bosom, he gave his hand unto Evangelist;
saying, God be merciful to me a sinner !"
Then Evangelist took the hand of the child, and
drew him forward towards the gate which led from
Now I perceived that, when those scholars who were
in the yard saw Humble Mind going out from among
them in the hand of Evangelist, they raised such a hue
and cry, that the master and his assistants, with all
those who were in the school-house, came running out
to see what was the matter.
I heard also that there arose a very warm and ve-
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
hement dispute between Mr. Worldly-Prudence and
Evangelist; wherein Mr. Worldly-Prudence main-
tained that he was one of the best friends of young
pilgrims, and that the object of his instructions was to
bring them so far acquainted with the writings of the
best and wisest of the ancients that they might have a
decided advantage in arguing with the enemies of re-
In reply to which, Evangelist read from his book
the following passage--" I will destroy the wisdom of
the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding
of the prudent. Where is the wise? where is the
scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath
not God made foolish the wisdom of this world ?" 1
Cor. i. 19, 20.
Upon which I heard that Mr. Worldly-Prudence
charged Evangelist with enthusiasm and folly, saying
that he was the friend of indolence and ignorance, a
hater of learning, and a despiser of all the wisdom of
At this the whole school broke forth into loud taunts
and scoffs; whereat Humble Mind trembled exceed-
ingly, more especially as Inbred-Sin began, at the same
time, to whisper in his ears such things as filled him
40 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
with shame, and brought the blood up into his cheeks.
Nevertheless, through the secret help of God, he drew
not his hand from Evangelist, but kept close to him, till
that divine instructor had conveyed him out of the
school-yard, and brought him to a place from whence
the gate which leadeth to salvation might clearly be
By this time Humble Mind had got out of the sound
of the scoffings and blasphemies of his late companions
in Mr. Worldly-Prudence's school. Notwithstanding
which, his mind was as yet by no means at ease: since
no sooner had he begun to move towards the Way of
Salvation, than such a strife rose between him and
Inbred-Sin as would surely have proved too much for
him, had not the child received assistance from on high,
although he knew it not. Inbred-Sin first sprang upon
his back, where he lay like a drag upon a wheel; so
that the boy could hardly advance at all. I saw then
that Humble Mind tried to shake him off; but as fast
as he freed himself from him in one part, this tormentor
fixed upon some other; now hanging on him by one
limb, and now by another; sometimes taking him by
the hair of the head, sometimes twitching him by the
back; sometimes by one elbow, sometimes by the other;
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 41
but still, as it were, in a sly and underhand way,
though without rest or intermission; for, as I said be-
fore, one of the qualities of this family of Inbred- Sin
is, that they know not what it is to be fatigued or
weary. In spite, however, of the tormentor, Humble
Mind, being led by Evangelist, proceeded towards the
gate which is at the head of the Way of Salvation.
Then said Evangelist to the child, My son, what
seest thou ?"
Humble Mind. I see a light, which grows brighter
and brighter as I look thereon.
Evangelist. I am well pleased that thou art enabled
to discern that light. "Blessed art thou: for flesh
and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but thy
Father which is in heaven." Matt. xvi. 17. This is
the root and offspring of David, the bright and morn-
ing star" (Rev. xxii. 16); the leading star which hath
brought many to Zion.
Then Evangelist rejoiced in spirit, and said, "I thank
thee, 0 Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because
thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent,
and hast revealed them unto babes. Even so, Father;
for so it seemed good in thy sight." Matt. xi. 25, 26.
So Evangelist kissed the boy; and bidding him hasten
42 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
to the gate, and there knock boldly for admission, he
withdrew himself from the eyes of the child.
Now, I saw, in my dream, that when he which was
sent from God, to wit, Evangelist, had departed, In-
bred-Sin immediately faced about: and coming before
the little pilgrim, began openly and without disguise to
impede him in his way. And first, he would have him
to stand still while he argued with him; and so press-
ing was he, that the boy for quietness' sake, stood still
to hear what he had to say. Then began he to plead
and argue with Humble Mind, and that after such a
fashion as I had never witnessed before. He assured
him, that if he persevered in following the counsel of
Evangelist, he would become the laughing-stock of all
the country; that he would lose all the good things of
this world, and be generally considered as a fool and
a madman. And when he found that these arguments
would not prevail, he was for having Humble Mind
just to go back and take a handsome leave of his mas-
ter and his school-fellows: "For who knows," said
this arch-tempter, "but God may give you power
to persuade a few of your old playmates to come on
pilgrimage with you ?-and thus you may become the
instrument of saving some whom you love." He spake
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 43
unto him also of his sisters, and those of his father's
house, earnestly pleading with him to turn back, for
the purpose of securing their company. Thus Inbred-
Sin sought to entice and entangle Humble Mind
through the affection he bore to his earthy friends.
But when this would not do (for Humble Mind was too
hot upon his journey to be thus put by), Inbred-Sin
shifted his ground again, and asked him how he could
think of appearing before the Lord of the gate clothed
in those filthy rags, and with Inbred-Sin as his com-
panion? "for," added he, spitefully, wherever thou
goest I will follow thee, Humble Mind, and will be thy
torment and thy shame; for I am thy brother, the son
of thy mother, and I have had dominion over thee ever
since thou wast born, and now will I bring thee to dis-
grace in the presence of thy King."
I perceived then, that when Inbred-Sin became thus
outrageous, Humble Mind trembled exceedingly, nei-
ther had he power for some time to look towards the
shining light. After a while, however, he recovered
himself so far as to recollect the book which Evangel-
ist had given him. So he plucked it out of his bosom,
and read these words-" I find then a law, that, when
I would do good, evil is present with me. For I de-
44 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
light in the law of God after the inward man; but I
see another law in my members, warring against the
law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the
law of sin which is in my members. 0 wretched man
that I ae! who shall deliver me from the body of this
death ? I thank God, through Jesus Christ our Lord."
Rom. vii. 21-25.
When he had read these words, he was comforted;
and crying mightily unto God, he pressed forward,
overthrowing Inbred-Sin to clear the way before him.
So he hastened towards the gate, and Inbred-Sin fol-
lowed swiftly behind him.
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 45
Now I looked again after Humble Mind; and behold
he was come unto the gate which is at the entrance of
the Way of Salvation. The gate is cut in a rock hard
as adamant; beyond which I saw the Way of Salva-
tion walled on each side, and straight as an arrow,
sometimes ascending dangerous heights, at other times
descending into deep valleys, and passing through
dreary wildernesses, bogs, and quagmires. Neverthe-
less, the tendency of that way was, for the most part,
upwards, till at length it reached the utmost bounda-
ries of the everlasting hills; where the glory of it be-
came too dazzling for mortal eyes-for "the path of
the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and
more unto the perfect day.". Prov. iv. 18.
I saw, then, in my dream, that when Humble Mind
came up to the gate, he was so spent by his struggle
with Inbred-Sin, that he fell upon the step like one
46 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
fainting, having no power to knock for entrance : nev-
ertheless, the door was speedily opened by a venerable
person called Good- Will, who lifted the child from the
ground, and carried him in to his Lord. Then thought
I on these words-" And it shall come to pass that be-
fore they call, I will answer; and while they are yet
speaking, I will hear." Isaiah lxv. 24.
I could not discover in what manner the Lord of the
gate revealed himself unto Humble Mind; for he show-
eth himself in various forms unto pilgrims, according
to his own good pleasure, and in the manner which he
deemeth most suitable and profitable to their tem-
pers and conditions. Sometimes he showeth himself
crowned with thorns, with bleeding hands and feet;
sometimes he appeareth full of sorrow, and clad with
mourning-garments; and at other times he discover-
eth himself in the glory as of the only-begotten of the
Father. But in whatever form it pleaseth him to re-
veal himself, he is found to be all lovely, without spot
or stain of sin.
So Humble Mind came out from the presence of the
Lord, and I wondered at the change which had passed
upon him. His Lord had caused him to be washed in
a pure fountain of water; and stripping him of his rags,
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
had clothed him in beautiful garments, even the gar-
ments of salvation, washed and made white in the
blood of the Lamb. Moreover the Lord had set his
signet on the brow of the child, which was an orna-
ment so exceedingly becoming that it made him look -
like unto the sons of God. One thing, however,
grieved me, which was, that Inbred-Sin still accom-
panied the boy; though he carried it not so imperi-
ously towards him as before, but conducted himself
more modestly, restraining his tongue and putting on a
Then Humble Mind set his face to go forwards;
when I saw that certain servants of the Lord of the
gate went with him a little way, and gave him direc-
tions for his journey. They bade him beware of turn-
ing aside, either to the right or to the left. Moreover,
they told him that he would find many quiet resting-
places in the way, which the Lord of pilgrims had pre-
pared for the reception of his servants. Ti] first of
these," said they, "are the pleasant pastures and
flowery fields belonging to the shepherd Sincerity, by
whom infant pilgrims are received and fed many days
with the fresh milk of the Word. Next to these
sweet fields, and a little farther on, is the house of the
48 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
Interpreter, where young pilgrims also receive whole-
some instruction and nourishment. Beyond this is the
palace called Beautiful, where certain holy virgins
dwell, and where many rare and excellent things are
to be seen. And still farther on are to be found the
sweet Valley of Humiliation, where lilies grow in shad-
owy places-the house of Mr. Orthodox, in the very
town of Vanity-the hills upon which the shepherds
dwell, and which are called Immanuel's Laud-also
the lovely land of Beulah-together with sundry little
peaceful valleys and verdant solitudes scattered over
the pilgrim's path, where the weary traveller may ob-
tain sweet refreshment, freely drinking of the living
stream, and gathering honey from the stony rock."
After acquainting Humble Mind with these things, and
giving him their blessing, the servants of his Lord went
back to their Master's house.
I perceived then that Humble Mind went joyfully
on his way, even along the Way of Salvation. Now
the way was exceedingly beautiful, even like a garden
enclosed on each side, and shaded with cedar-trees and
lign-aloes; while many fountains of water gushed out
beneath the trees, and ran murmuring along by the
way-side. The high-road also was visible in the re-
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
mote perspective, ascending the blue heights, till, at
length, it was lost in the distant clouds.
So Humble Mind pursued his way, sometimes break-
ing into songs of praise, sometimes leaping for joy like
a young hart, and sometimes reading in his book.
Thus he passed on for a whole day, being filled with
the love of him whom he had lately seen, even the Sa-
viour that bled for him upon the accursed tree. And
as night approached, he drank of the water of the
fountain by the way-side, and laid him down to sleep
under the shadow of the trees till morning-light; when
he arose and pursued his journey; hoping soon to reach
the pastures of the shepherd Sincerity, which were
then not half a day's journey before him.
Now all this while, to wit, from the time that Humble
Mind had left the gate till he arose on the second day
of his journey, Inbred-Sin had followed close upon his
steps; but so softly and cautiously, that during the
whole of the first day Humble Mind knew not that he
was there. And herein is often displayed the subtlety
of Inbred-Sin, in seeming to withdraw himself in sea-
sons of peculiar consolation, by way of lulling the soul
into a state of security and carelessness. Thus was it
with Humble Mind; during the first day of his Ip-
50 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
grimage, Inbred-Sin was so quiet, that Humble Mind,
trusting he had taken his leave forever, was ready to
say in his prosperity, "I shall never be moved : thou,
Lord, by thy favor hast made my mountain to stand
strong." Psalm xxx. 6, 7. But on the second day, I
saw that Inbred-Sin became bolder, bestirring himself
betimes in the morning; and not being properly checked
at first, he speedily put an end to all the comfort which
the little pilgrim had lately enjoyed.
Inbred- Sin began his operations by disturbing Himble
Mind while reading his Bible; for the little pilgrim used
to read and meditate upon his holy Book as he walked
along the way. Inbred-Sin at these seasons got close
behind him, and peeping first over one shoulder into
the book, then over the other, he whispered strange
words into his ears, drawing back as quick as lightning
whenever Humble Mind turned to discover whence
those whisperings proceeded. These suggestions were
repeated whenever Humble Mind attempted to read;
and I perceived that they generally had some reference
to the passage of Scripture which the boy was perus-
ing. On such occasions, a poor pilgrim has nothing
for his support, except earnest prayer: Humble Mind
did not, however, fly to this remedy; but finding that
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
he had not the same delight in reading as at other
times, he shut up his book, and put it into his bosom.
Upon this, Inbred-Sin became more daring and pro-
ceeded to pluck and twitch Humble Mind, as he had
done several tinles before, when the boy showed an
inclination to go forward in the way from which he was
anxious to withdraw him.
Now I saw, in my dream, that these pulls and
twitches had been many times repeated before Humble
Mind was aware whence they came. For he had so
buoyed up his mind with the assurance that Inbred-
Sin would not be able to follow him into the King's
highway, that he was for attributing all his unpleasant
feelings either to the malice of Satan who is the de-
clared enemy of the Prince of pilgrims, or to bodily
disorder, or indeed to any other outward circumstance,
rather than to his own Inbred-Sin, which he supposed
had been left on the outside of the gate at the head of
the way. He was therefore much hurt, and cruelly
mortified, on finding that his struggle with sin was not
to end where the work of grace began-and going on
to infer from his late experience that this warfare might
probably continue till the.work of grace should be fin-
ished at the hour of death, he was hurried into an
52 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
agony of mind, crying out in his distress, "Who shall
deliver me from the body of this death ?" Rom. vii. 24.
In answer to this, Inbred-Sin, coming forward, be-
gan to plead with Humble Mind; and thus he ad-
dressed him:-" Wherefore, Humble' Mind, do you
cry out against me, who am no other than a part of
yourself? Was I not born with you ? was I not bred
with you ? have I not always slept in your bosom ?
have I not provided you with sports and pleasure from
the days of your infancy until very lately ? And now
will you cast me aside forever ?"
"Nay, but," said Humble Mind, if I separate not
from you, I shall surely perish forever: for 'the wages
of sin is death.' It was you, and such as you, who
crucified the Lord of glory; and I know that nothing
less will content you than- my absolute ruin, both of
body and soul."
"Nay," said Inbred-Sin, "you wrong me, Humble
Mind: I am not what you think; I am your friend,
your brother, nay, I. am your very self. And would
any man, think you, seek his own ruin ? More than
this, if I waq evil-inclined in former days, it was be-
cause I knew no better; but I am now changed, and
have received a new nature from the Lord of the gate
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
which is at the head of the way. Therefore, Humble
Mind, you have no occasion to fear me any longer; I
am become a servant of the High and Mighty One, I
have submitted my will to his, I am anxious to obey
his commandments, and am set upon doing his service.
Therefore, do not be afraid, but treat me as your friend,
and take me as the companion of your pilgrimage."
In this manner Inbred-Sin pleaded a long while, and
that with so much importunity, that Humble Mind at
length ceased to argue with him, or to resist him: so
Inbred-Sin took his place by his side as boldly and
familiarly as ever.
Now, while I wondered how the little pilgrim would
pursue his course with such a companion, I saw a man
come into the King's highway, climbing over the wall,
and with him came his sons, two boys about the age
of Humble Mind. *
This man's name was Mr. Lover-of-Novelty, and he
was come to make trial of a pilgrim's life, having been
told that it was a pleasant one. And such indeed it
is, with all its troubles, to those who are introduced to
it by the right way; but to those who do not enter it
by the gate which is at the head of the way, it is nei-
ther agreeable nor profitable. "I am the door," saith
C~F~I~----LT-r ~:.~ _:il~--rlVh I~FI-~L I;PII~FIII~II~I(~-rk~l~l~mR-9P)~-i~ i -~ r
54 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
Christ, and he that entereth not by the door into the
sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same
is a thief and a robber." John x. 1.
So Mr. Lover-of-Novelty, having entered the King's
highway, presently espied Humble Mind, who was a
little before him; and calling aloud to him, invited him
to join their company.
Now Humble Mind had no inclination to make any
acquaintance with this man or his children, because he
liked not the manner in which they had entered the
Way of Salvation. Inbred-Sin, however, suffered not
Humble Mind's better judgment to prevail, but insinu-
ated that Mr. Lover-of-Novelty might be a good pil-
grim, though he conformed not altogether to the an-
cient rules set down for pilgrims; and, moreover, he
insisted that Humble Mind should accept his invita-
tion. So he held him in debate till Mr. Lover-of-
Novelty and his sons came up and joined them.
Then thought I-This Inbred-Sin is a bold one, and,
as the ancient saying is, Give him an inch, and he
will take an ell." A little while ago, he did not dare
to show his face; and now he is become so bold, and
loud, and vehement, that he must have all things his
own way; and this, too, on the King's ground, and in
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 55
company with one of the chosen ones of the Lord.
Then I recollected these word-" If they do these
things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry ?"
Luke xxiii. 31.
It is true, that Humble Mind, being young and in-
experienced, could not be supposed to have skill
enough to Contend with this child of hell; but it is well
known, that neither age, wisdom, nor experience has
ever yet enabled any man to overcome his inward cor-
ruptions. He that would conquer Inbred-Sin must
contend with him, not in his own strength, but in the
power of the Holy Spirit; he must watch unto prayer,
and go forth in the strength of the Lord. God the
Holy Spirit hath power sufficient to overcome and cast
out this our inbred enemy; since it is his peculiar work
to purify the heart, and to set it free from the domin-
ion of sin.
I perceived then that Humble Mind had not gone
far with Mr. Lover-of-Novelty and his sons, before they
came to a little rising ground; from which, just before
them appeared the pastures of the shepherd Sincerity,
an exceedingly fair and lovely region, adorned with
groves of tufted trees, shady fountains, and delicate
flowers. This place was provided by the Lord of the
56 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
way for the reception of young pilgrims; and here the
lambs of the Lord's look dwell safely in the wilder-
ness, and sleep in the woods." Ezek. xxxiv. 25.
Now these delightful pastures of the shepherd Sin-
cerity had proved so peculiarly beneficial to many young
pilgrims, that the enemy of their Prince had long looked
upon them with a very evil eye. And not only so; but,
in order to divert the attention of youthful travellers
from that attractive scene, he had planted a garden on
the left-hand, dose by the way-side, on that very spot
where these beautiful fields first present themselves to
the view; and behold, he had adorned it with all kinds
of fanciful decorations. He had also opened a door
from it into the King's highway, where he stationed one
Light-Mind, a fair-looking, gay damsel, to entice young
pilgrims into his garden.
I saw then, in my dream, that Mr. Lover-of-Novelty
was mightily taken with the appearance of this garden
on the left-hand; and Humble Mind, too, thought it
looked very pretty; for it was ornamented with all
manner of gay flowers, together with little pavilions
made of filagree work. So they stopped before the
garden-gate ; when the damsel Light-Mind immediately
opened it, and invited them to enter.
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 57
Now I observed that Mr. Lover-of-Novelty and his
sons went in at once; but that Humble Mind made a
kind of stand, and would know of the damsel who she
was ? and whether the garden belonged unto the King ?
and wherefore she so pressingly invited him to come in ?
To these questions the damsel thus answered:-
"This garden has been planted here for the advantage
of young pilgrims. This is a place for refreshment and
education. Here all kinds of desirable accomplishments
are taught, and that in a manner the most easy and
pleasing. We have also in this place all kinds of mu-
sical instruments," added the damsel, "with every
other possible device to render study delightful. Only
come in, and you shall speedily be taught everything
which can make you an agreeable and accomplished
Then answered Humble Mind, "'I thank you for
your invitation, but I am upon a journey of life and
death. I am a poor sinner, travelling from the place
of my birth, which was called the Valley of Destruc-
tion, to the Celestial City."
The damsel then replied, Wherefore should you be
in such haste ? have you not many years before you for
this journey of which you speak ? You are but a child;
58 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
turn in here, and rest a while, and when you are a little
older, you may proceed with more confidence on your
Humble Mind. I know not how many years are be-
fore me, nor at what hour it may please God to require
my soul: but what I most fear is, that, if I once turn
knowingly out of the right way, I may never be able to
discover it again. For this I have found, that we can-
not turn into the right way when we please, but must
wait for the leading of the Spirit of God; "For that
which I do, I allow not: for what I would, that do I
not; but what I hate, that do I." Rom. vii. 15. There-
fore I dare not come in, lest hereafter, like Esau, I
should seek repentance with tears, and find it not.
Then I saw that Light-Mind laughed, and said,
"Who has filled your head, my son, with these grave
conceits ? There is a time for all things: youth is the
time for pleasure, and old age for religion. Methinks
it is a pity that so fine a boy as you are should not be
taught everything that might enable him to pass well
through the world. Cannot a man serve God without
being awkward and ignorant ?"
In this manner Light-Mind pleaded and reasoned
with Humble Mind. Neither was Inbred-Sin quiet all
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 59
this time; but while the damsel continued urging her
request, he was gently drawing Humble Mind towards
the gate of the garden, and whispering in his ear such
things as he thought would add force to her arguments.
So that, at length, through the open persuasions of the
damsel, and the secret influence of Inbred-Sin, Humble
Mind was sufficiently overcome to turn aside and follow
Light-Mind into the garden.
Now I remarked that the walks in this garden were
artfully disposed into a labyrinth; so that he who once
set his foot therein could find no passage out again.
Here also, among all kinds of vanities, were seen teach-
ers of every superficial accomplishment, together with
many children and young plons whom Light-Mind
had beguiled from the right way. Then I saw that
certain of these teachers of vanities came and spread
forth their toys before Humble Mind, to wit, pencils
and paints, maps and drawings, pagan poems and fab-
ulous histories, musical instruments of various kinds,
with all the gaudy fopperies of modern learning.
Whereupon Inbred-Sin insisted that Humble Mind
should take possession of these things; which indeed
he himself was so greedily disposed to do, that he filled
his pockets and his bosom therewith, overloading him-
&.dhAWVA --C mTldim~
60 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
self in such a manner that he dropped the book which
Evangelist had given him among the rubbish of the
place, without perceiving that he had lost it.
Immediately upon this, Inbred-Sin gathered strength
and courage; so that, taking Humble Mind by the
hand, he led him along the mazy windings of this gar-
den, still farther and farther from the Way of Salvation:
while Humble Mind, being puffed up with the fine
things he had gotten, adverted not to the situation in
which he was placed. He continued therefore till
towards evening, strolling about the garden, amusing
himself with the baubles it presented, and playing with
th, children and young people who were there assem-
Now I beheld that, at the back of the garden, there
was a howling wilderness full of wild beasts, which
used to come in the night and commit dreadful ravages
in the place; there being no secure fence or wall be-
tween the garden and the wilderness. So about sunset
the beasts began to howl in a frightful manner; till
all who were in the garden, being filled with con-
sternation, fled some one way, some another-but
there was no place of security to be found in the whole
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 61
Hereupon Humble Mind became sensible of the fault
he had committed in leaving the right way, even the
Way of Salvation. He then looked about for some
passage by which he might return; but alas! he could
find none; and the dark night was coming on apace.
At length I heard that he broke out in angry reproach-
es against Inbred-Sin, which the other as angrily re-
torted; so that their words 'mn very high on both sides.
And first Humble Mind spake. Oh, child of hell !"
said he, "to what have you now brought me! You
have beguiled me from my straight, my safe, and pleas-
ant path, into this forbidden place where I am in
danger every moment of being devoured by wild beasts.
Oh, Inbred-Sin! you will never be content till you
have plunged me, soul and body, into hell."
In answer to this, Inbred-Sin replied, "Am I not a
part of yourself? am I not indeed your own self? How
then can you reproach yourself ?"
To this Humble Mind answered, I well know that
you are a part of myself; I know that you were born
with me, and bred with me: and more than this, I fear
that I shall never get quit of you, till we go down to-
gether into the grave."
"Nay, but," said Inbred-Sin, "are not the things
I I-- -~-
-irrr;TF~1CL~~~IC.~C~~~-- -- ~- C~T
62 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
which I have shown you very excellent, and worthy of
the most serious attention ?"
Humble Mind. But, if I should gain the whole world,
and lose my own soul, what would it profit me ? Matt.
"As for the welfare of the soul," said Inbred-Sin,
"I am not so much concerned about that."
"But are you not afraid of hell-fire ?" asked Hum-
Inbred-Sin. I love to indulge my own longings-
the things in this garden please me.
Humble Mind. You are, I see, no better than a
Inbred-Sin. What I am, you are: if I am even a
devil incarnate, you are the same.
Humble Mind answered, I know that I am exceed-
ingly vile, and altogether filthy, and that no good thing
dwelleth in me: nevertheless I will not submit to your
control; since He who died for me upon the cross in-
tended thereby to deliver me from your dominion.
So, take my defiance."
"We shall soon see which is the stronger," said
Inbred-Sin. So they rushed together; and Inbred-
Sin showed himself mighty in war. There was no
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 63
beating him off. Although Humble Mind did his ut-
most, he could by no means prevail; because, as I said
before, Inbred-Sin was a stranger to fatigue. He re-
quired no time to take breath or gather strength, but
heaped blow upon blow, and stroke upon stroke, in
such sort, that Samson himself would have been no
match for him; since what he wanted in strength was
more than made up by his perseverance. They contin-
ued struggling therefore for a long while. At length
Inbred-Sin, grasping Humble Mind in his arms, and
entangling him with his feet, tripped him up and laid
him at his full length on the ground: by-which un-
lucky fall the boy was so disabled, that he had not
power to lift himself up. In that place therefore he
lay all the night, moaning and crying while Inbred-
Sin stamped upon him with all his might, triumphant-
ly exulting over him, and whispering inlhis ears evil
words against the King of pilgrims. During this sad
interval, Hutnble Mind had no power to pray, being
filled with horror at the blasphemous suggestions of his
owA inbred corruption. Thus he lay all that night;
but the Lord of pilgrims would not suffer the evil
beasts to come near him. "For the Lord will not cast
BL~ F-n~~:r-T-~T~`F~.tc~i.l--r -~j~~d 19 --U-:--Fr-71w-m
64 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
off forever: but though he cause grief, yet will he
have compassion according to the multitude of his
mercies. For he doth not afflict willingly, nor grieve
the children of men." Lament. iii. 31-83.
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
Now it was an extraordinary thing, that this same
night, towards dawn of day, the shepherd Sincerity
(the same who has the care of the little ones of our
Lord), dreamed a dream as he lay asleep on his bed.
And in his dream there was presented to his view a fair
white lamb in the jaws of a dreaded igolf, that was just
about to devour him: when lo, a voice from heaven
awakened the shepherd, saying, "Save my lamb !"
At this he arose in haste, and taking his crook in his
hand, he went forth in search of him that was in the
power of the wolf. So at break of day he came to the
door of the garden into which Humble Mind had
strayed; and turning in thither, he soon espied the
child lying groaning on the ground. Now the shep-
herd knew by his white garment and the mark upon
his forehead, that he was one of the lambs of his Lord.
Therefore stretching out his staff, and bidding him take
I I I W"W"974 F- -n
66 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
hold thereof, he raised him up, and drew him towards
himself. Then taking him by the hand, all trembling
as he was, he led him through the winding ways of the
garden towards the King's high-road.
The shepherd was so well known in these parts, that
no one dared to ask him what he did there, or where-
fore he meddled with the child. When the shepherd,
however, had passed on a little way, I heard that all
the inhabitants of the garden broke out into loud his-
sings and mockings--but Sincerity heeded them not.
Now when the shepherd had brought Humble Mind
to the place where he had dropped his book, causing
him immediately po cast away all the toys and trifles
with which he had loaded himself the day before, he
made him take up his book again. So he led the boy
on, till he had brought him out upon the King's high-
way, where he smartly corrected him with his shep-
herd's crook; agreeably to the words of holy writ--
Correct thy son, and he shall give thee rest; yea, he
shall give delight unto thy soul." Prov. xxix. 17.
After this the shepherd addressed him in the follow-
Shepherd. How has it come to pass, after being so
kindly received by the Lord of pilgrims, after being in-
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
vested with the white garments of salvation, and sealed
with your Lord's own signet: how comes it, I say, that
you have so speedily turned aside from the right way ?
Have you so quickly lost the remembrance of your
Lord, and how lovely he appeared in your eyes when
you were first admitted into his presence ? How
is it, that you have so soon forgotten your first
Then Humble Mind began to weep; and, as he
wept, he thus replied:--" It is my wish to do well; I
have no desire to have any other king than the Saviour
Christ. His ways are ways of pleasantness, and all
his paths are peace.' Prov. iii. 17. But though I wish
to do well, I find I cannot: for to will is present with
me; but how to perform that which is good I find
not."' Rom. vii. 18.
lShepherd. Can you tell me what it is that holds
you back from doing that which you wish to do ?
Humble Mind. Yes, sir, it is my Jnbred-Sin, the sin
that was born with me, and which I fear I shall nevy
get quit of, till I go down into the grave. Oh, sir!
you know not what a deceitful, dangerous companion
this Inbred-Sin is.
Shepherd. Perhaps I know more of him than you
ii u -- J -
68 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
think, my child; nevertheless, I should be glad to hear
in what way this deceiver has dwelt with you.
Humble Mind. If I were to tell you, sir, all the tricks
and contrivances of this Inbred-Sin, it would take me
till sunset, ay, and all the night too; but if you
please, sir, I will mention some of the chief things
with which I have to charge him. And first, before I
was effectually called by the Lord (for the Lord sent
several messages to me before I could be persuaded to
answer the call), this Inbred-Sin was altogether my
master: and I am shocked on recollecting to what a
state of hardness and sinful desperation he had reduced
me at that time, and what crimes he caused me to com-
mit. When I was a very little child I remember that
I loved my father and mother, and that very dearly;
but after they were gone, this Inbred-Sin so hardened
my heart against them, that I heeded no more the
commands they had left with me than if I had never
received them; neither had I any wish to follow my
dear parents, or to be joined to them again; and all
this through the instigation of this Inbred-Sin. And
more than this (continued Humble Mind), I was per-
suaded by this same Inbred-Sin to go to Mr. Worldly-
Prudence, and to forsake my little sisters, of whom I
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
now know not what has become. But Inbred-Sin, as
I before said, exercised an absolute dominion over me
in those days.
Here Humble Mind looked very sorrowful; for he
remembered his sisters, and his heart was greatly moved
This Inbred-Sin, my child," said the shepherd, "as
you have found, offeieth such violence to the nature
of man, that he often subverts and destroys all natural
affection: He produces hatred between husbands and
wives, brothers and sisters, parents and children; ay,
and such hath been his power, that he has sometimes
induced parents to sacrifice their sons and their daugh-
ters unto devils, shedding innocent blood, even the
blood of their sons and daughters.' Psalm cvi. 37, 38.
But now go on with your account."
SI heard then, that Humble Mind informed the shep-
herd how Inbred-Sin had led him to neglect the
warnings of Evangelist, to despise the remonstrances
of Conviction-of-Sin, to throw aside his Bible, yea,
and to turn his back altogether on the Way of Salva-
And I doubt not," said the shepherd, "but that this
same Inbred-Sin would have you to brave hell-fire it-
70 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
self, for the sake of half an hour's pleasure in the pres-
"Oh, sir! the fear of eternal punishment has no
power at allf over him; he more than once as much as
told me, that nothing would satisfy him but my resolv-
ing to lay aside all concern for my soul."
"I could have shown you," said the shepherd, "had
I then been present with you, what were the views and
purposes of this Inbred-Sin: for he is not only the en-
emy of God, but he is enmity itself, and his nature can
never undergo a change."
"But I have not told you, sir," said Humble Mind,
"that, troublesome as this Inbred-Sin was before I be-
came a pilgrim, he has been much more so since; nay,
from the first hour that I entered upon this course, he
has been the very torment of my life. He has occa-
sionally made my very existence a burden to me-
sometimes pulling me back; sometimes pinching and
rending my very heart; and then hanging upon me
like a drag upon a wheel, so that I could hardly go or
stand-at other times whispering evil words in my
ears, arguing and contending, lying and pleading, with-
out intermission-and lastly, in a furious onset he
brought me to the ground; where he kept me sorely
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 71
bruised, and not daring to cry out for help; till you,
sir, came in to my assistance."
The shepherd answered, "Give the glory to God,
my son, and not unto me; for unto him you owe your
present deliverance." He then explained to Humble
Mind the reason why Inbred-Sin had appeared more
troublesome to him of late than formerly. You have
now," said the shepherd, "by the power of the Holy
Ghost, received a new and spiritual nature, which is
directly contrary to your old nature; and thus a war-
fare between flesh and spirit is begun within you,
which will continue till your sinful body turns to cor-
ruption in the grave. Formerly, you and Inbred-Sin
pulled one way; and were of one mind. You were
then dead in sin, and had no power to turn to that
which is good. But now you are become a new crea-
ture; and this has given rise to the contest of which
you complain: For the flesh lusteth against the Spir-
it, and the Spirit against the flh : and these are con-
trary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the
things that ye would.' Gal. v. 17.
"I had hoped," said Humble Mind, that, after ob-
taining admittance at the gate, and receiving forgive-
ness of sins, and being clothed in garments made white
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
in the blood of the Lamb, I should be freed forever
from the assaults of this vexatious enemy."
"It is not the will of God," replied the shepherd,
"to deliver his children, while they are in the flesh,
from the importunities of sin. Although he sets them
so far free from the dominion thereof, as to prevent its
tyrannizing over them as in former times (Rom. vi.
14); yet he leaves their inward corruptions as a thorn
in the flesh, to humble and mortify them; teaching
them, by experience, that they are nothing, and can do
nothing, but must look for salvation to Christ alone."
But, sir," said Humble Mind, "if sin is no longer
to have dominion over us, how came I lately to meet
with so dreadful an overthrow ?"
Because," said the shepherd, "you had given this
Inbred-Sin a temporary advantage over you, by yield-
ing unto his deceitful arguments, and forsaking the
King's highway: moreover, you encountered him in
your own strength, wi out seeking assistance from on
I heard then that Humble Mind put several further
questions concerning the manner in which Inbred-Sin
might be best mortified and kept in subjection: to all
of which the shepherd thus concisely answered, By
THE INFAT'S PROGRESS.
deep humility and self-abasement, by prayer for the
assistance of the Holy Spirit, and by looking to the
cross of Christ."
Humble Mind, being still anxious to obtain further
information from the shepherd, inquired of him wherein
lay the sinfulness of such things as were taught in the
garden to which he had turned aside.
"The things in themselves," answered the shepherd,
are not actually sinful; but they are rendered so by
their abuse. It is written, 'Whether therefore ye eat
or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of
God' (1 Cor. x. 31): therefore all those elegant arts
and acquirements which are not directed to this end
are, to say the least, dangerous pursuits."
In this manner the shepherd and Humble Mind con-
versed together as they walked along the Way of Sal-
vation towards the shepherd's abode. In the mean
time Inbred-Sin followed Humle Mind softly and
cautiously, stealing silently al and, as it were, on
tiptoe, yet close upon the boy's steps, and listening
curiously to what the shepherd said; but he avoided
showing his face, on account of the shepherd's staff,
of which he was sore afraid.
By this time they had come close upon the pasture-
74 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
ground, and a more inviting or lovely prospect my eyes
never beheld. The Way of Salvation passes through
these fields. They are called the fields of holy Peace,
where, as I before said, infant pilgrims are received in
order to be fed with the pure milk of the word, until
they have attained strength to continue their pilgrim-
age. At which time, it is strictly required of them all
to take up their cross; to crucify the flesh, with its
affections and lusts; to wrestle against principalities
and powers; and to put on the whole armor of God,
that they may be able to stand against the wiles of the
devil. Eph. vi. 11-13.
The air of these fields is soft and refreshing, and
Humble Mind was well pleased to see many young
children, clothed in white, scattered over the green
lawns: some sporting on the velvet turf; others walk-
ing, with books in their hands, under the shade of the
waving trees; and oIW sitting apart on the hillside,
or near the cool fountains, hymning their morning
praises: for as yet it was but early day. Here the
larger and stronger children watched over the little
ones with tender love, while the little ones gave due
koaor to their elders, all of them preferring one an-
other; and the weak, and the humble, and the lowly
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
among them were held in respect by all their com-
panions. Their garments were pure and spotless, their
complexions fresh and ruddy, and their eyes as the
eyes of young doves.
As soon as the good shepherd appeared, these little
ones came joyfully skipping towards him, like so many
young roes and harts upon the mountains; yet their
love was sweetly mingled with awe ; so that when they
came near, they bowed humbly before him and were
silent. Their good shepherd then smiled upon them,
and gave them his morning blessing.
Moreover, I saw that, when the children were gath-
ered round their shepherd, Humble Mind looked, an*
behold Playful and Peace stood in the midst of them.
Thet indeed did the young pilm forget all the sor-
rows he had endured; and while his heart leaped for
joy, he wept aloud, and ran towards his sisters.
Now Playful and Peace, when they first saw Humble
Mind holding the hand of the 4 herd, knew him not
to be their brother, by reason of the number of chil-
dren that were gathered around him; but on his com-
ing towards them, they recognized him in a moment,
and hastened to meet him. At this there was a joyful
cry set up among the other children, "This is &
76 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
brother, their beloved brother he is come at last, and
has found his little sisters"-for Playful and Peace had
often spoken of their brother, frequently wishing for
his arrival, and often watching for his approach as far
as they could see along the King's highway. And be-
hold, there was joy through all the little flock, because
that Humble Mind had come: for their shepherd had
taught his young disciples to "rejoice with them that
do rejoice, and to weep with them that weep." Rom.
ii. 15. The shepherd Sincerity also rejoiced with his
flock, thanking God for the lamb that had been lost
and was found.
SI saw then, in my dream, that the shepherd caused
all the children to sit down upon the grass, giving to
each of them a bowlf sweet milk, with honey and
fine wheaten cakes : so the children received their food
thankfully, and with hands lifted up to heaven.
Now I especially noted Humble Mind and his sis-
ters, as they sat closPtogether on the green grass.
And behold, Inbred-Sin was skulking behind them,
evading the notice of the good shepherd, but not less
busy or troublesome than if the shepherd had been ab-
sent. I heard him whispering in the ear of one and
another of them; and though they encouraged him
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
not, but, as I observed, kept pushing and shaking him
off, yet could they by no means rid themselves of his
company. Nothing could be more absurd and false
than the words which he whispered in their ears; and
yet I perceived that he thereby greatly troubled the
peace of their minds. I will repeat a few of his spite-
ful whisperings, as a specimen of the whole.
And first, he said to Humble Mind, "fo your in-
ters, who are younger than you, have got the start ;,
you, and have been enjoying sweet peace in
pleasant fields, while you were tossed about, enduring
all manner of troubles and disquietudes Your sisters
are certainly more beloved by the Prince of p~
than you are." Then shifting his place, he whispered
to Playful, "Now your brotir is come, he will rule
over you, and will not let you play in your bower every
day, as you used to do." Then, quick as lightning,
he was at Peace's ear, saying, See you not that
your brother loves Playful bAer than you ? he kissed
her first, and now he has got hold of her hand." Then
again I heard him at Humble Mind's side, whispering
something about certain of the children of the shepherd
who were sitting near him, how much prettier they
were than himself, and how they appeared to despise
18 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
him, because he was but newly come. He had some-
thing also to say against the children's breakfast. This
was not proper, and that was not good; your sister's
bowl of milk is larger than yours, and that boy's cake
is whiter than yours: and so he went on. But I was
pleased to observe that the children, through God's
grace, gave him at that time no encouragement.
Now breakfast being finished, the shepherd led the
children into a lovely grove of tall cedar-trees ; where,
placing them again around him, and taking the smallest
and most tender of the infants upon his knees, he de-
livered to them such instructions as their young minds
were capable of receiving. "Look up, my beloved
children," said the good shepherd, through the open-
ing boughs of those trei which meet in lofty branches
above your heads; look at the blue sky beyond those
white and shining clouds. Beyond that sky there is a
celestial country, in'which the throne of God is placed.
God is One: he is an all-powerful Spirit, who had no
beginning, and shall have no end; of infinite power,
wisdom, and goodness; the maker and preserver of all
things both visible and invisible. In this one God
there are three persons, of one substance, power, and
eternity; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
Apr .4 W
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 79
These three holy persons are called the Trinity-
'There are three that bear record in heaven, the
Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost.' 1' John v. 7.
' Whosoever edenieth the Son the same hath not the
Father.' 1 John ii. 23. And again, Whosoever trans-
gresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ,
hath not God.' 2 John 9.
"The holy angels are glorious spirits, who wait upon
God; they sing his praises, and obey his commands/
At the appointment of God they watch over young
children, and preserve them from harm; i it is writ-
ten in the holy gospel-' Take heed that ye despise
not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, that
in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my
Father which is in heaven." Matt. xviii. 10.
The angels live in heaven, where they enjoy all the
inconceivable glories of that holy place And if such
things are written of us in the book of remembrance as
are pleasing in the sight of God, we shall, in the morn-
ing of the resurrection, be received into heaven, there
to dwell forever with God&l* Father, God the Son,
and God the Holy Ghost. The devils once were glo-
rious angels; but they rebelled against God, and were
cast down to hell. And if your names are at the last
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
day not found in the book of the Lamb, which was
slain from the foundation of the world, you will be
cast into the lake of fire, there to dwell with the devil
and his angels.
Therefore, my beloved children," added the good
shepherd, kneel down with me, and call upon your
God; beseeching him, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake,
to have mercy upon you, to deliver you from the in-
fluence of your own evil hearts, and to make you his
So the shepherd knelt upon the grass, with his chil-
dren all around him; and they prayed to God that he
would bless them for the sake of Him who died for
them upon the cross, and that he would send his Holy
Spirit to dwell with them, and deliver them from the
power of their inward corruptions. I saw then that
the shepherd took a harp in his hand; and, while he
prayed, the children accompanied him with one accord:
and the burden of their song was the praises of the
Lamb without blemish and without spot.
Now, while the shepherd was delivering his instruc-
tions to the children, and while they prayed and sang
their hymn, I could not but observe the various tricks
and antics of Inbred-Sin, who was in his usual place
"So the Shepherd knelt upon the grass, with his children all
around him." p 80.
7CV~-~- -- -~~C~r
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
between Humble Mind and his sisters, but drawn rath-
er behind them, for fear of the shepherd's eye. There
he sat quietly till the shepherd began to speak; when
immediately he began to whisper in the children's
ears, at the same time giving them sundry pushes or
sly pulls to draw their attention to himself. "What's
yonder ?" said he. "See there! look at that bird!
There comes a mouse! I hear a cricket! Look at that
butterfly! How tall those trees are! I see a bird's
nest! Mark how the leaves quiver! I hear a dog bark I
How fast that crow flies !"
In this way he ran on, whispering all manner of im-
pertinences in the ears of the children, and disturbing
them so much, that they could not hear half of the
shepherd's discourse: and when they went to prayers,
he began to yawn with all his might, thereby con-
straining the children to do the same whether they
would or not. So that I could not help crying out,
"There is no end of the mischievous ways of this In-
bred-Sin; he 'is deceitful above all things, and
desperately wicked: who can know him ?'" Jer.
But, to leave speaking of this Inbred-Sin for a while,
I must say that I never.heard any sound more tweet
82 THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
in all my life, than the voices of the.little ones singing
the praises of their Redeemer.
So, the hymn and the prayer being finished, the
shepherd proceeded to give instructions to his little
ones of a somewhat different kind, and more particu-
larly suited to their different ages and capacities. He
caused the little ones to repeat certain portions of
Scripture which he had allotted to them as their several
tasks, making the elder children to read certain passa-
ges of that holy book in the original languages in which
they were first delivered to man. And now I perceived
that he had recourse to all the assistance which could
be derived from the works of the ancients: but he used
them only as books of reference, treating them as
literary handmaids preferred to wait upon that sacred
volume, of which he never suffered his scholars to lose
sight for a moment.
These duties being fulfilled, this faithful shepherd
called Playful and Peace to him, bidding them take
their brother to the bower which he had given them
for a resting-place during their abode with him; And
there, my children," said he, as he smiled kindly upon
them, "you may tell each other what things have hap-
pened to you since the day of your separation. And
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
you, the rest of my children," added he, turning to the
others, "go and feed the young birds that were lately
hatched: remember alsg to take some new milk to the
white fawn whose mother is dead; and forget not to
carry food to the fair hind which yesterday broke her
leg." Some other little commands to the same purport
he gave them: then waving his hand, his little flock
were soon scattered over the green hills and pastures,
all hastening to fulfil their various duties of love and
kindness; while the good shepherd sat upon the hill,
under the shade of the cedar grove, conversing with
his God in holy meditation, and still watching his scat-
tered charge as they wandered about the flowery
pastures, lest some enemy should break in, and by any
means hurt one of these unsuspecting little ones.
THE. INFANT'S PROGRESS.
THEN I looked again after Humble Mind: and be-
hold, his sisters were leading him towards the bower
which the shepherd had given them. And as they
walked along, they sometimes kissed each other, and
sometimes questioned each other concerning the things
which had happened since the day of their parting.
Now I saw, in my dream, that this bower was ex-
ceedingly lovely and fresh, shaded from the noonday
sun by the tufted branches of the trees; and there was
a soft bed of spring herbs, on which the little ones
were accustomed to sleep. So the children broke off
their conversation relating to past circumstances, in
order to show their brother such things as they loved
in and near their bower. Peace showed him a little
valley adorned with lilies; and told him that, early in
the morning, while the dew was upon the grass, the
young fawns would come and feed among the lilies.
"Here," said Playful, "you may sit in the heat of
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS. 85
the day, and hear the voice of the turtle-dove (Sol.
Song ii. 12); here too are 'brooks of wateeand foun-
tains, and depths that spring out of valleys and hills'
(Deut. viii. 7); and here are 'beds of spices and sweet
flowers.'" Sol. Song v. 13.
Then spake Peace: Our good shepherd tells us,
that all these things were made by God for the use
and entertainment of those who love him. But there
are more beautiful things than these in heaven; for he
showed me where it is written in my book-' Eye hath
not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the
heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for
them that love him.'" 1 Cor. ii. 9.
To this Humble Mind made answer, 0 my beloved
sister! 'let us bless the Lord at all times, and let his
praise be continually in our mouths' (Psalm xxxiv. 1) :
for 'as a father pitieth his own children, so hath the
Lord pitied us.'" Psalm ciii. 13.
I beheld then, that the children sat down in their
bower, and related to each other everything -that had
happened to them during their separation. First,
Humble Mind gave an account of himself; after which
Playful related to her brother the history of her and
her sister's pilgrimage. And thus she spake:-
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
When Mr. Worldly-Prudence had taken you away
from us, Aeet brother," said she, Evangelist came
again to us while we were crying at the door of our
house, bidding us to take our books in our hands,
and, leaving all, to follow him. Now our hearts clung
not to our home, as in days past; for our father was
gone, and our mother was gone, and you, our dear
brother, had also left us: so we followed Evangelist,
who brought us from our own dwelling-place, and set
us in the way where the shining light and the gate of
salvation were directly before us; then bidding us
hasten towards that gate, he departed.
"Now we had not gone far before we were over-
taken by a young woman carrying a very little baby in
her arms, and her steps were turned, like our own, to-
wards the shining light: so she looked affectionately
at us, and said, My little ones, whither are you going ?'
And when we had answered her, she kindly said,
'Come with me, my children, and what little assistance
I can afford you shall be freely given.'
So, as she hastened on, with her little one in her
arms, certain idle persons passing that way, said to
her, 'Woman, wherefore are you in such haste ?'
"'I am going,' she answered, to yonder shining
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
light, to seek admittance there of the Lord of the gate
for this my little boy: for whereas, through the dis-
obedience of his first father Adam, this my baby is
counted worthy of death, I, his mother, anxiously seek
for him the righteousness of the Lord Jesus Christ,
whereby he may be rendered meet for eternal life.'
"Whereupon these strangers, being enemies of the
Lord, and wishing to trouble the pilgrim, thus an-
swered: 'That outward sign of the Lord's acceptance
which was formerly appointed by him and adminis-
tered by his servants, to wit, Baptism, hath for some
time past been denied to such little ones as thine in
that place, through failure of the ministers of the
"With that the young woman' began to weep, cry-
ing out, '0, my Father! grant to this child admit-
tance at thy gate: whether living or dying, make him
thy own child, 0 my Father! my Father! I ask this
inestimable favor at thy hand in my Saviour's adorable
"So we hastened towards the gate," continued
Playful, where we met with no hindrance: for we
were there most kindly received; after which we were
washed with pure water, and clothed with white gar-
_____ ___ __
THE INFANT'S PROGRESS.
ments, and had the seal of our Lord set in our fore-
heads. Then did the mother of this little baby give
thanks, and weep for joy.
After leaving the gate, we came on our way, Peace
and I, with the young woman and her little baby: and
she talked sweetly to us as we passed along, and was
unto us like our own mother. And in this manner we
went on a day and a half: she from time to time kissing
the little fair one who lay in her arms, and making the
way pleasant with cradle-hymns and songs of praise,
which she sang almost continually as we journeyed along.
But behold, as we went on, there came after us a
winged messenger, on whose brow the word Death was
written. At sight of him we began exceedingly to
tremble, while the podr woman pressed her baby clo-
ser to her bosom. But the messenger showed her a
token, which was a silver cord broken. And more
than this, he told her that he came from God, and that
these were the words that he had orders to speak in
her ears: 'If you love this child you will rejoice, be-
cause he is going to his Father.' John xiv. 28. *
"On hearing this she wept bitterly, and delivered
her baby into the messenger's hand, saying, '0 God,
take my child, and make him thine own forever !'