Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Select fables
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Title: Select fables from Aesop, and others
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00002051/00001
 Material Information
Title: Select fables from Aesop, and others
Alternate Title: Aesop's fables
Physical Description: viii, 208 p. : ill. ; 16 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Murphy, William H ( Publisher )
Bewick, Thomas, 1753-1828 ( Illustrator )
Publisher: William H. Murphy
Place of Publication: New York
Publication Date: 1852
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcshac )
Fables -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1852   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1852
Genre: Fables   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
novel   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
General Note: "Illustrated with one hundred engravings from Bewick."
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002051
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002464186
oclc - 38193423
notis - AMG9574
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Select fables
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    Back Matter
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    Back Cover
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Full Text










Ant and the Caterpillar ........................ 10a
Ant and the Fly................................. 127
Ants and the Grasshopper....................... 55
Arab and the Camel............................ 18
Ass, the Ape, and the Mole ....................... 25
Bee and the Fly................................ 77
Bees and the Wasp........................... 119
Beggar and his Dog............................. 138
Birds, the Beasts, and the Bat..................... 194
Blackamoor ................................... 62
Blind Man and the Lame......................... 48
Blind Man and the Whelp........................ 88
Boar and the Fox.............................. 21
Boy and the Filberts.............................. 2
Boys and the Frogs.............................. 30
Boy and the Nettle............................ 83
Boy and the Scorpion.................. ........... 12
Brazier and his Dog ........................... 148
Bull and the Goat........... ............... 84
Cat and the Fox............................... 121
Cock and the Fox ............... ............. 81
Cock and the Jewel........................... 19
Country Maid and the Milk-Pail................... 151
Crab and her Mother.......................... 56
Creaking Wheels........................... 90
Crow and the Pitcher............................ 61
Daw with Borrowed Feathers..................... 195
Discontented Bee............................... 125
Dog and his Master............................ 64
Dog and the Bull..... ...................... 69
Dog and the Crocodile.......................... 131

vi Coqteqs$.

Dog and the Shadow ........................... 73
Dog, the Cock, and the Fox...................... 111
Dog, the Sheep, the Kite, and the Wolf............ 107
Dolphins and the Sprat .......................... 170
Dove and the Bee............................. 99
Doves and their Young One's..................... 175
Dove with a String at its Foot .................... 71
Eagle and the Owl............ ................. 167
Eagle, the Cat, and the Sow..................... 5
Eagle, the Crow, and the Lamb.................... 197
Falconer and the Partridge........................ 110
Farmer and his Sons ........................... 142
Farmer and the Dogs.......................... 186
Farmer and the Lion........................... 34
Father and his Sons............................. 109
Fighting Cocks.............................. 51
Fir and the Bramble............... ......... 69
Fisherman................................. 196
Flies and the Honey-Pot ......................... 78
Fortune and the Boy........................ 97
Fox and the Ape ............................ 171
Fox and the Bramble.......................... 157
Fox and the Countryman ......................... 41
Fox and the Crow.............................. 65
Fox and the Goat.......................... 15
Fox and the Stork .............................. 179
Fox without a Tail.............................. 91
Gardener and the Boar........................ 169
Gnat and the Bee............................... 49
Goatherd and the Goats......................... 198
Hare and the Tortoise......................... 188
Hares and the Frogs........................... 57
Hart and the Vine............................ 96
Hercules and the Carter........................ 181
Horse and the Groom............................ 24
Hounds in Couples............................ 189
Huntsman and the Old Hound..................... 177
Industry and Sloth................... ............ 27
Joy and Sorrow................. .............. 129
Jupiter and the Herdsman ....................... 115

Gottel$. vil

Kid and the W olf ........ ...................... 20
Kid and the Wolf............... ................
Kite and the Pigeons........................... 85
Lamb and the Wolf......................... .......... 80
Leopard and the Fox............................ 40
Lion and the Ass................................ 161
Lion and the Asses.......................... 155
Lion and the Bowman.. ..................... 118
Lion and the Fox............................ 8
Lion and the Gnat .......................... 87
Lion and the Mouse........................ 101
Lion, the Bear, the Monkey, and the Fox........... 1
Lion, the Tiger, and the Fox...................... 31
Lioness..................................... 10
Man and the Fly.............................. 191
Man Bitten by a Dog......................... 10
Marriage of the Sun........................... 174
Mercury and the Woodman..................... 123
Mice in Council.................................. 199
Miller, his Son, and their Ass................. 165
Minerva's Olive................................. 187
Mischievous Dog............................. 72
Mole and her Mother........................ 76
'Mule.............. ............. ............... 183
Nightingale and his Cage......................... 201
Oak and the Reeds............................. 168
Oak and the Willow............................ 75
Old Man and the Scoffer......................... 145
One-Eyed Doe ......... ....................... 44
Owl and the Echo............................ 95
Partial Judge................................... 14
Peacock and the Crane........................... 39
Peacock............................... .. .... 147
Plague among the Beasts........ .............. 208
Porker and the Sheep .................. ....... ... 146
Prince and the Hermit ........................... 139
Prosperity and Adversity......................... 163
Proud Frog................ ..................... 203
Raven and the Swan. ............................ 150
Snipe Shooter.................................. 9

viii Coofe~ts.

Shepherd and the Young Wolf.................... 37
Shepherd's Boy and the Wolf .................. 105
Sick Kite................................... 159
Sparrow and the Hare............... ......... 89
Spider and the Silkworm...................... 193
Splenetic Traveller.............................. 131
Stag Looking into the Water.......... .......... 53
Sun and the Vapour............................. 117
Swallow and other Birds ................. ...... 137
Swallow and the Raven............... .......... 22
Swallow and the Spider.......................... 63
Swallow in Chancery............................ 60
Swan and the Stork............................. 135
There's No To-Morrow.......................... 29
Thief and the Dog............................. 35
Tortoise and the two Crows...................... 173
Travellers and the Bear......................... 93
Travellers and the Plane-Tree.................... 32
Trouts and the Gudgeon................ ......... 7
Two Bears and the Bee.Hives ................ 79
Two Foxes................... .. .......... .... 13
Two Frogs..................................... 101
Two Horses............... .................... 147
Two Lizards ................................. 149
Two Pots....................... .......... 67
Two Wallets..................... ............. 68
Undutiful Young Lion..................... ..... 3
Venus and the Cat............................ 114
Viper and the File.............................. 2
Wanton Calf................................... 17
Widow and the Hen.................. ......... 120
Widow and the Sheep.................... ...... 48
Wind and the Sun....... ...................... 11
Wolf and the Dog....... ........ ....... ... 143
Wolf and the Lamb....................... ... 33
Wolf and the Mastiff................... ........ 153
Wolf and the Shepherd's Dog .................... 206
Wolf in Disguise................................ 185
Wolves and the Sheep..................... ...... 144
Young Man and the Swallow...................... 45


THr Tyrant of the forest issued a proclamation,
commanding all his subjects to repair immediately to
his royal den. Among the rest, the Bear made his
appearance; but pretending to be offended with the
steams which issued from the Monarch's apartments,
he was imprudent enough to hold his nose in his

Select Eables.

Majesty's presence. This insolence was so highly
resented, that the Lion in a rage laid him dead at his
feet. The Monkey, observing what had passed, trem-
bled for his carcass; and attempted to conciliate
favor by the most abject flattery. He began with
protesting, that for his part he thought the apartments
were perfumed with Arabian spices; and exclaiming
against the rudeness of the Bear, admired the beauty
of his Majesty's paws, so happily formed, he said, to
correct the insolence of clowns. This fulsome adula-
tion, instead of being received as he expected, proved
no less offensive than the rudeness of the Bear; and
the courtly Monkey was in like manner extended by
the side of Sir Bruin. And now his Majesty cast his
eye upon the Fox. Well, Reynard," said he, and
what scent do you discover here?" "Great Prince,'
replied the cautious Fox, "my nose was never
esteemed my most distinguishing sense; and at pre-
sent I would by no means venture to give my opinion,
as I have unfortunately got a terrible cold."


It is often more prudent to suppress our senti-
ments, than either to flatter or to rail.


Select F4bles.


AMONG other good counsels that an old experienced
Lion gave to his whelp, this was one, that he should
never contend with a Man: for," says he, "if ever
you do, you will be worsted." The young Lion gave
his father the hearing, and kept the advice in his
thought, but it never went near his heart. When he
came to be grown up, and in the flower of his strength,
and vigour, he ranged about looking for a Man to
grapple with. In his ramble he met with a yoke of
oxen, and then with a horse, saddled and bridled, and
severally asked them if they were men; but they
saying they were not, he goes after this to one that

$elect Fo0les.

was cleaving of timber: Do you hear ?" says the
Lion, you seem to be a Man :" And a Man I am,"
says the fellow. "That's well," quoth the Lion,
"and dare you fight with me ?" "Yes," says the
Man, I dare." "Why, I can tear all these blocks
you see to pieces." "Put your feet now into this
rent, where you see an iron thing there, and try what
you can do." The Lion presently put his paws into
the gaping of the wood, and with one lusty pluck,
made it give way, and out drops the wedge; the
wood immediately closing upon it, caught the Lion
by the toes. The Woodman immediately upon this
raises the country, and the Lion finding the strait he
was in, gave one hearty twitch, and got his feet out
of the trap, but left his claws behind him. So away
he goes back to his father, all lame and bloody, with
this confession in his mouth: Alas! my dear father,"
says he, "this had never been, had I followed your
Children are not to reason upon obedience to
parents, provided there be nothing in the command,
or in the imposition, that is simply evil; for head-
strong and undutiful children seldom escape a remark-
able punishment; that which gives them reason to
say to their parents, "This had never been the case,
if I had followed your advice."

Seiecf ableIs.

K- -

AN Eagle had built her nest upon the top branches
of an old oak ; a wild Cat inhabited a hole in the
middle; and in the hollow part at the bottom, was a
Sow, with a whole litter of pigs. A happy neigh-
bourhood; and might long have continued so, had it
not been for the wicked insinuations of the designing
Cat. For, first of all, up she crept to the Eagle; and,
"good neighbour," says she, we shall be all undone:
that filthy Sow yonder does nothing but lie rooting
at the foot of the tree, and, as I suspect, intends to
grub it up, that she may the more easily come at our
young ones. For my part, I will take care of my

Select Ebles.

own concerns; you may do as you please, but I will
watch her motions, though I stay at home this month
for it." When she had said this, which could not
fail of putting the Eagle into a great fright, down she
went, and made a visit to the Sow at the bottom;
and, putting on a sorrowful face, "I hope," says she,
you do not intend to go abroad to-day ?" Why
not ?" says the Sow. Nay, replies the other, "you
may do as you please; but I overheard the Eagle tell
her young ones, that she would treat them with a pig,
the first time she saw you go out; and I am not sure
but she may take up with a kitten in the mean time;
so, good-morrow to you; you will excuse me, I must
go and take care of the little folks at home." Away
she went accordingly; and, by contriving to steal out
soft at nights for her prey, and to stand watching and
peeping all day at her hole, as under great concern,
she made such an impression upon the Eagle and the
Sow, that neither of them dared to venture abroad,
for fear of the other. The consequence of which was,
that themselves and their young ones in a little time
were all starved, and made prizes of by the treacherous
Cat and her kittens.


There can be no peace in any state or family where
whisperers and tale-bearers are encouraged.

6ele6t 1 able$.

A FISHERMAN in the month of May stood angling
on the banks of the Thames with an artificial fly. He
threw his bait with so much art, that a young Trout
was rushing towards it, when she was prevented by her
mother. Never," said she, my child, be too pre-
cipitate, where there is a possibility of danger. Take
due time to consider, before you risk an action that may
be fatal. How know you whether yon appearance be
indeed a fly, or the snare of an enemy ? Let some one
else make the experiment before you. If it be a fly,
he very probably will elude the first attack: and the
second may be made, if not with accesss, at least with

Select 6Fbies.

safety." She had no sooner uttered this caution, than
a Gudgeon seized upon the pretended fly, and became
an example to the giddy daughter, of the great import-
ance of her mother's counsel.


A person can hardly be deemed too cautious, where
the first mistake is irretrievable or fatal.


A Fox agreed to wait upon a Lion in the capacity
of a servant. Each for a time performed the part
belonging to his station; the Fox used to point out
the prey, and the Lion fell upon it and seized it.
But the Fox, beginning to think himself as good a
beast as his master, begged to be allowed to hunt the
game instead of finding it. His request was granted,
but as he was in the act of making a descent upon
a herd, the huntsmen came out upon him, and he him-
self was made the prize.

Keep to your place, and your place will keep

Select rEbles.


As a sportsman ranged the fields with his gun,
attended by an experienced old Spaniel, he happened
to spring a Snipe; and almost at the same instant, a
covey of partridges. Surprised at the accident, and
divided in his aim, he let fly too indeterminately, and
by this means missed them both. Ah, my good
master," said the Spaniel, "you should never have
two aims at once. Had you not been dazzled and
seduced by the luxurious hope of Partridge, you would
most probably have secured your Snipe."

We often miss our point by dividing our attention.

$eleof Fqbieso


A MAN who had been bitten by a Dog, was going
about asking who could cure him. One that met
him said, "Sir, if you would be cured, take a bit of
bread and dip it in the blood of the wound, and give
it to the dog that bit you." The man smiled, and
said, If I were to follow your advice, I should be
bitten by all the dogs in the city."


He who proclaims himself ready to buy up his
enemies will never want a supply of them.


THERE was a great stir among all the Beasts, which
could boast of the largest family. So they came to
the Lioness. And how many," said they, do you
have at a birth?" "One," said she, grimly; "but
that one is a Lion."


Quality comes before quantity.


$Ieelt Enbl0s.

_I "-"--- --.-..... ---7- .I


A DISPUTE once arose betwixt the North-Wind and
the Sun, about the superiority of their power; and
they agreed to try their strength upon a traveller,
which should be able to get his cloak off first. The
SNorth-Wind began, and blew a very cold blast, accom-
panied with a sharp driving shower. But this, and
whatever else he could do, instead of making the man
quit his cloak, obliged him to gird it round his body
as close as possible. Next came the Sun, who, break.
ing out from a thick watery cloud, drove away the cold
vapours from the sky, and darted his warm sultry
beams upon the head of the poor weather-beaten

Sallet F4blis.

traveller. The man, growing faint with the heat, and
unable to endure it any longer, first throws off his
heavy cloak, and then flies for protection to the shade
of a neighboring grove.


There is something in the temper of men so averse
to severe and boisterous treatment, that he, who
endeavours to carry his point that way, instead of pre
ailing, generally leaves the mind of him, whom he
has thus attempted, in a more confirmed and obstinate
situation, than he found it at first. Bitter words and
hard usage freeze the heart into a kind of obduracy,
which mild persuasion and gentle language only can
dissolve and soften.


A BOY was hunting Locusts upon a wall, and had
caught a great number of them, when, seeing a Scot.
pion, he mistook it for another Locust, and was jus
hollowing his hand to catch it, when the Scorpion
lifting up his sting, said: I wish you had done it
for I would soon have made you drop me, and thi
Locusts into the bargain."

1 ..

Two Foxes formed a stratagem to enter a hen-roost;
"which having successfully executed, and killed the
cock, the hens, and the chickens, they began to feed
pon them with singular satisfaction. One of the
oxes, who was young and inconsiderate, was for
devouring them all upon the spot: the other, who was
id and covetous, proposed to reserve some of them
ior another time. For experience, child," said he,
has made me wise, and I have seen many unexpected
Events since I came into the world. Let us provide,
therefore, against what may happen, and not consume
01 our store at one meal." "All this is wondrous
B 13

Select f bles.

wise," replied the young Fox; "but for my part, I
am resolved not to stir till I have eaten as much as
will serve me a whole week: for who would be mad
enough to return hither, when it is certain the owner
of these fowls will watch for us, and if he should
catch us, would certainly put us to death!" After
this short discourse, each pursued his own scheme:
the young Fox eat till he burst himself, and had
scarcely strength to reach his hole before he died.
The old one, who thought it much better to deny his
appetite for the present, and lay up provision for the
future, returned the next day, and was killed by the
farmer. Thus every age has its peculiar vice: the
young suffer by their insatiable thirst after pleasure;
and the old, by their incorrigible and inordinate

We should ever guard against those vices that are
chiefly incident to our times of life; excess and riot,
while we are young; and egregious parsimony, as we
grow in years.


Select INble.


A Fox and a Goat travelling together on a very
sultry day, found themselves exceedingly thirsty;
when looking round the country in order to discover
a place where they might probably meet with water,
they at Jength described a clear spring at the bottom of
a pit. They both eagerly descended; and having
sufficiently allayed their thirst, began to consi,er how
they should get out. Many expedients for that pur-
pose were mutually proposed and rejected. At last
the crafty Fox cried out with great joy, I have a
thought just struck into my mind, which I am confident
will extricate us out of our difficulty: do you," said

eIletf F4b6es.

he to the Goat, only rear yourself up upon your
hinder legs and rest your fore-feet against the side of
the pit. In this posture, I will climb up io your head,
from whence I shall be able, with a spring, to reach
the top: and when I am once there, you are sensible
it will be very easy for me to pull you out by the
horns." The simple Goat liked the proposal well;
and immediately placed himself as directed: by
means of which the Fox, without much difficulty,
gained the top. "And now," said the Goat, give me
the assistance you promised." Thou old fool," re-
plied the Fox, if you had as much brains as head,
thou wouldst not think that I would hazard my own
life to save yours. However, I will leave with thee
a piece of advice, which may be of service to thee
hereafter, if thou shouldst have the good fortune to
make thy escape:-never venture into a pit again,
before thou hast well considered how to get out
of it."


When we are going to encounter difficulties, we
should depend more upon our own strength than the
assistance of our neighbour.


select rables.

A CALF, full of play and wantonness, seeing an Ox
at plough, could not forbear insulting him. What
a sorry drudge art thou," says he, 1" to bear that heavy
yoke upon your neck, and go all day drawing a plough
at your tail, to turn up the ground for your master!
But you are a wretched slave, and know no better,
or else you would not do it. See what a happy life
I lead; I go just where I please; sometimes I lie
down under the cool shade ; sometimes frisk about in
the open sunshine; and, when I please, slake my
thirst in the clear brook : but you have not so much
as a little dirty water to refresh you." The Ox, not

Select r"bles.

at all moved with what he said, went quietly and
calmly on with his work; and, in the evening, was
unyoked and turned loose. Soon after which he saw
the Calf taken out of the field, and delivered into the
hands of a priest, who immediately led him to the
altar, and prepared to sacrifice him. His head was
hung round with fillets of flowers, and the fatal knife
was just going to be applied to his throat, when the
Ox drew near and whispered him to this purpose:
"Behold the end of your insolence and arrogance; it
was for this only you were suffered to live at all;
and pray now, friend, whose condition is best, yours
or mine ?"

To insult people in distress is the property of a
cruel, indiscreet, and giddy temper; for, on the next
turn of fortune's wheel, we may be thrown down to
their condition, and they exalted to ours.

AN Arab having loaded his Camel, asked him
whether he preferred to go up hill or down hill.
"Pray, Master," said the Camel drily, is the straight
way across the plain shut up ?"

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A COCK, in scratching upon a dunghill, found a
Jewel; what a prize, says he to himself, would this
have been to a lapidary, but as to any value it is to
me, a barley-corn would have been worth forty of it.

This fable may be considered as holding forth an
emblem of industry and moderation. The cock lives
by his honest labour, and maintains his family out of
it; his scratching upon the dunghill is but working in
his calling: the precious Jewel is only a gaudy tempta-
tion that fortune throws in his way to divert him from

$elecf rqbles.

his business and his duty; he would have been glad,
he says, of a barley-corn instead of it, and so casts
it aside as a thing not worth the heeding. What is
this, but forming a true estimate upon the matter in
question, in preferring that which Providence has made
and pronounced to be the staff of life, before a glitter-
ing gew-gaw, that has no other value than what vanity,
pride, and luxury have set upon it? The price of the
market to a jeweller in his trade, is one thing, but the
intrinsic worth of a thing to a man of sense and judg-
ment, is another. Nay, that very lapidary himself,
with a craving stomach, and in the Cock's place, would
have made the Cock's choice. The doctrine, in short,
may be this: that we are to prefer things necessary
before things superfluous; the comforts and the bless-
ings of Providence before the dazzling and the splendid
curiosities of mode and imagination: and finally, that
we are not to govern our lives by fancy, but by

A KID being mounted on the roof of a lofty house,
and seeing a Wolf pass below, began to revile him.
The Wolf merely stopped to reply, Coward! it is
not you who revile me, but the place on which you
are standing."
20 .

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As a Boar was whetting his teeth against a tree, up
comes a Fox to him. Pray, what do you mean by
that ?" says he. I do it," says the Boar, to be in
readiness in case of an attack by an enemy." But,"
replies the Fox, I see no occasion for it; for there is
no enemy near you." Well," says the Boar. but
I see occasion for it; for when I come once to be set
upon, it will be too late for me to be whetting when
I should be fighting."

He that is not idle when he is at leisure, may play

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with his business. A discreet man should have a re-
serve of every thing that is necessary beforehand ; that
when the time comes for him to make use of them, he
may not be in a hurry and a confusion. A wise general
has not his men to discipline, or his ammunition to
provide, when the trumpet sounds To Arms; but sets
apart his times of exercise for one, and his magazines
for the other, in the calm season of peace. We hope
to live to a good old age; should we not then lay up
a store of conveniences against that time, when we
shall be most in want of them, and least able to pro.
cure them? We must die; nay, never start; we
must. Are there not some necessary things for us to
transact before we depart; at least, some trifle or other
for us to bequeath, which a sudden stroke may prevent
us from doing? Sure there is. And if" so, how
inexcusable shall we be, if we defer the execution of
it, till the alarm comes upon us. Idid not think of it,
is an expression unworthy a wise man's mouth; and
was only intended for the use of fools.

THE Swallow and the Raven contended which was
the finer bird. The Raven ended by saying, "Your
beauty is but for the summer, but mine will stand
many winters."

A VIPER, entering a smith's shop, looked up and
down for something to eat, and seeing a File, fell to
gnawing it as greedily as could be. The File told
him, very gruffly, that he had best be quiet and let him
alone; for that he would get very little by nibbling
at one, who, upon occasion, could bite iron and steel.

By this fable we are cautioned to consider what a
person is, before we make an attack upon him after any
manner whatsoever: particularly how we let our
tongues slip in censuring the actions of those, who are,
in the opinion of the world, not only of an unquestioned


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reputation, so that nobody will believe what we
insinuate against them, but of such an influence, upon
account of their own veracity, that the least word
fiom them would ruin our credit to all intents and
purposes. If wit be the case, and we have a satirical
vein, which at certain periods must have a flow, let us
be cautious at whom we level it; for if the person's
understanding be of better proof than our own, all our
ingenious sallies, like water thrown against the wind,
will recoil back upon our own faces, and make us the
ridicule of every spectator. This Fable, besides, is
not an improper emblem of Envy; which, rather than
not bite at all, will fall foul,where it can hurt nothing
but itself; and such is its malignancy, that the greatest
wits, and brightest characters in all ages, have ever
been the objects of its attack: ought we not then to
guard against the admission of an inmate, that not
only attempts to injure the virtuous part of mankind,
but also effectually ruins the peace of its possessor

A GROOM who used to steal and sell a Horse's corn,
was yet very busy in grooming and wisping him all
the day long. "If you really wish me," said the
Horse, to look well, give me less of your currying
and more of your corn."

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--. 14



An Ass and an Ape were conferring on grievances.
The Ass complained mightily for want of horns, and
the Ape was as much troubled for want of a tail.
" Hold your tongues, both of you," says the Mole,
" and be thankful for what you have; for the poor
blind Moles are in a worse condition than either of


Since nature provides for the necessities of all
creatures, and for the well-being of every one in its
kind; and since it is not in the power of any creature
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to make itself other than what by Providence it was
designed to be, what a madness it is to wish ourselves
other than what we are; an d what we must continue
to be. Every atom of the creation has its place
assigned: every creature has its proper figure, and
there is no disputing with Him that made it so.
Why have I not this ? and, why have I not that?
are questions for a Philosopher of Bedlam to ask;
and we may as well cavil at the motions of the
heavens, the vicissitude of day and night, and the
succession of the seasons, as expostulate with Provi-
dence upon any of the rest of God's works.


A CERTAIN Boy put his hand into a pitcher where
great plenty of Figs and Filberts were deposited; he
grasped as many as his fist could possibly hold, but
when he endeavoured to pull it out, the narrowness
of the neck prevented him. Unwilling to lose any of
them, but unable to draw out his hand, he burst into
tears, and bitterly bemoaned his hard fortune. An
honest fellow who stood by, gave him this wise and
reasonable advice :-" grasp only half the quantity,
my boy, and you will easily succeed."

AN indolent young man, being asked why he lay
in bed so long, jocosely and carelessly answered,
" Every morning of my life I am hearing causes. I
have two fine girls, their names are Industry and
Sloth, close at my bed-side, as soon as ever I awake,
pressing their different suits. One entreats me to get
up, the other pursuades me to lie still: and then
they alternately give me various reasons, why I
should rise, and why I should not. This detains me
so long, as it is the duty of an impartial judge to hear
all that can be said on either side, that before the
pleadings are over, it is time to go to dinner."

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$eeioi ETbls.

How many live in the world as useless as if they
had never been born They pass through life like a
bird through the air, and leave no trace behind them;
waste the prime of their days in deliberating what
they shall do; and bring them to a period, without
coming to any determination.


A KID that had strayed from the herd was pur-
sued by a Wolf. When she saw all other hope of
escape cut off, she turned round to the Wolf, and
said, "I must allow indeed that I am your victim,
but as my life is now short, let it be a merry one.
Do you pipe for awhile, and I will dance." While
the Wolf was piping and the Kid was dancing, the
Dogs hearing the music ran up to see what was
going on, and the Wolf was glad to take himself off
as fast as his legs would carry him.


He who steps out of his way to play the fool, must
not wonder if he misses the prize.


A MAN, who had lived a very profligate life, at
length being awakened by the lively representations
of a sober friend on the apprehensions of a feverish
indisposition, promised that he would heartily set
about his reformation, and that To-morrow he would
seriously begin it.-But the symptoms going off, and
that To-morrow coming, he still put it off till the
next, and so he went on from one To-morrow to
another; but still he continued his reprobate life.
This, his friend observing, said to him, "I am very
much concerned to find how little effect my disin-
terested advice has upon you: but, my friend, let me

Saltel flbitse

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.40 4


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tell you, that since your To-morrow never comes, nor
do you seem to intend it shall, I will believe you no
more, except you set about your repentance and
amendment this very moment: for, to say nothing
of your repeated broken promises, you must consider,
that the time that is past is no more; that To-morrow
is not ours; and the present now is all we have to
boast of.

That compunction of heart cannot be sincere, which
takes not immediate effect, and can be put off till
To-morrow. The friend's closing observation in the
fable is so good a moral that we need add nothing
to it.

A TROOP of Boys were playing at the edge of a
pond, when perceiving a number of Frogs in the
water, they began to pelt at them with stones. They
had already killed many of the poor creatures, when
one more hardy than the rest, putting his head above
the water, cried out to them: Stop your cruel
sport, my lads; consider, what is Play to you is
Death to us."

Sel$ef Fbles.

A LION and a Tiger jointly seized on a young
Fawn, which they immediately killed. This they had
no sooner performed, than they fell a fighting, in order
to decide whose property it should be. The battle
was so bloody, and so obstinate, that they were both
compelled, through weariness and loss of blood, to
desist; and lay down by mutual consent, totally dis-
abled. At this instant, a Fox unluckily came by;
who perceiving their situation, made bold to seize the
contested prey, and bore it off unmolested. As soon
as the Lion could recover his breath, How foolish,"
said he, "has been our conduct! Instead of being

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contented, as we ought, with our respective shares,
our senseless rage has rendered us unable to prevent
this rascally Fox from defrauding us of the whole."


The intemperate rage of clients gives the lawyer
an opportunity of seizing the property in dispute.


SOME Travellers, on a hot day in summer, op-
pressed with the noontide sun, perceiving a Plane.
tree near at hand, made straight for it, and throw-
ing themselves on the ground rested under its shade.
Looking up, as they lay, towards the tree, they
said one to another, What a useless tree to man is
this barren Plane!" 3But the Plane-tree answered
them,-" Ungrateful creatures at the very moment
that you are enjoying benefit from me, you rail at
me as being good for nothing."


Ingratitude is as blind as it is base.


sealeof sl.


_4 totm


A WOLF and a Lamb were accidentally quenching
their thirst together at the same rivulet. The Wolf
stood towards the head of the stream, and the Lamb
at some distance below. The injurious Beast, resolved
on a quarrel, fiercely demands-" How dare you
disturb the water which I am drinking ?" The poor
Lamb, all trembling, replies, How, I beseech you,
can that possibly be the case, since the current sets
from you to me ?" Disconcerted by the force of
truth, he changes the accusation. Six months ago,"
says he, "you vilely slandered me." Impossible,"
returns the Lamb, for I was not then born." No

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matter, it was your father then, or some of your
relations;" and immediately seizing the innocent
Lamb, he tore him to pieces.

When cruelty and injustice are armed with power,
and determined on oppression, the strongest pleas of
innocence are preferred in vain.


A LION entered one day into a farm-yard, and the
Farmer, wishing to catch him, shut the gate. When
the Lion found that he could not get out, he began
at once to attack the sheep, and then betook himself
to the oxen. So the Farmer, afraid for himself, now
opened the gate, and the Lion made off as fast as he
could. His wife, who had observed it all, when she
saw her husband in great trouble at the loss of his
cattle, cried out-" You are rightly served; for
what could have made you so mad as to wish to
detain a creature, whom, if you saw at a distance, you
would wish further off."

Better scare a thief than snare him.

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A THIEF, coming to rob a certain house in the night
was disturbed in his attempts by a fierce vigilant
Dog, who kept barking at him continually. Upon
which the Thief, thinking to stop his mouth, threw
him a piece of bread: but the Dog refused it with
indignation; telling him, that before, he only sus-
pected him to be a bad man; but now, upon his
offering to bribe him, he was confirmed in his opinion;
and that, as he was intrusted with the guardianship
of his master's house, he should never cease barking
while such a rogue is he lay lurking about it.

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It is a common and known maxim, to suspect an
enemy, even the more, for his endeavouring to con.
vince us of his benevolence; because the oddness of
the thing puts us upon our guard, and makes us con-
clude, that some pernicious design must be couched
under so sudden and unexpected a turn of behaviour:
but it is no unnecessary caution to be upon the watch
against even indifferent people, when we perceive
them uncommonly forward in their approaches of
civility and kindness. The man, who at first sight
makes us an offer, which is due only to particular and
well acquainted friends, must be either a knave, and
intends by such a bait to draw us into his net; or a
fool, with whom we ought to avoid having any com-.
Thus far the consideration of this Fable may be
useful to us in private life; what it contains farther,
in relation to the public, is, That a man, truly honest,
will never let his mouth be stopped with a bribe;
but the greater the offer is, which is designed to buy
his silence, the louder, and more constantly, will he
open it against the miscreants who would practice it
upon him.


A SUEPHMED took a Wolf's sucking whelp, and
trained it up with his dogs. The whelp fed with them,
grew up with them, and whensoever they went out
upon the chase of a wolf, the whelp would be sure to
make one. It happened sometimes that the wolf
emaped; but this domestic Wolf would be still hunt-
ing on, after the dogs had given over the chabl, till
he came up to his true brethren, where he took part
of the prey with them, and then went back again to
his master. And when he could come in for no
snacks with the wolves, he would now and then make
free, by the bye, with a straggling sheep out of the
D W1

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flock. He carried on this trade for a while; but at
last he was caught in the fact, and hanged by his
injured master.

Ill dispositions may be dissembled for a while, but
nature is very hardly to be altered, either by counsel
or education. It may do well enough for curiosity
and experiment, to try how far ill-natured men, and
other creatures, may be wrought upon by fair usage
and good breeding; but the inclination and cruelty of
the dam will be hardly ever out of the whelp. This
fable is a true portrait of an ungrateful and treach-
erous mind, which, according to the proverb, holds
with Ike Hare, and runs with the Hound; which pre-
tends greater zeal than others, like the Wolf's whelp
in the chase, in the detection and pursuit of a common
enemy; but at the same time divides spoils with
him, and rather than want an opportunity of doing
mischief, will prey privately upon the property he
pretends to defend. Many such instances we might
give in public life; and there have been too many
such also in private life.


THa Peacock and the Crane by chance met together.
The Peacock erecting his tail, displayed his gaudy
plumes, and looked with contempt upon the Crane,
as some mean ordinary person. The Crane resolving
to mortify his insolence, took occasion to say, that
Peacocks were very fine birds indeed, if fine feathers
could make them so; but that he thought it a much
nobler thing to be able to rise above the clouds, than
to strut about upon the ground, and be gazed at by
The mind which is stored with virtuous and rational

$Sl6ot Fb160s.

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$#lot 70168,1

asetiments, ad the bethviour which sparks owi
plaioence and humility, stamps an estimate upon the
possessor, which all judicious spectators are ready to
admire and acknowledge But if there be any merit
in an embroidered coat, a brocade waistcoat, a shoa
a stocking, or sword-knot, the person who wears them
has the least claim to it; let it be ascribed where it
justly belongs-to the several artisans, who wrought
and disposed the materials of which they consist
This moral is not intended to derogate any thing froti
the magnificence of fine clothes, and rich equipages,
which, as times and circumstances require, may be
used with decency and propriety enough: but lne
cannot help being concerned, lest any worth should
be affixed to them more than their own intrinsic



A LEOPARD and a Fox had a contest which was
the finer creature of the two. The Leopard put
forward the beauty of its numberless spots; but the
Fox replied-" It is better to have a versatile mind
than a variegated body."

Sel6eft Frbls.

- 7NII----Y)> "::* -
s 06

A Fox being hard hunted, and having run a long
chase, was quite tired. At last he spied a country-
man in a wood, to whom he applied for refuge,
entreating that he would give him leave to hide
himself in his cottage, until the hounds were gone
by. The man consented, and the Fox went and
covered himself up close in the corer of the cottage.
Presently the hunters came up, and inquired of the
man, if he had seen the Fox. "No," says he, "I
have not seen him indeed :" but all the while he
pointed with his finger to the place where the Fox
was secreted. However, the hunters did not under-

s6eeot E4bie.

stand him, but called off their hounds, and went
another way. Soon after the Fox, creeping out of
his hole, was going to sneak off; when the man,
calling after him, asked, "if that was his manners,
to go away without thanking his beneflctor, to whose
fidelity he owed his life." Reypard, who had peeped
all the while, and seen what passed, answered, "I
know what obligations I owe you well enough; and
I assure you, if your actions had but been agreeable
to your words, I should have endeavoured, however
unable of it, to have returned you suitable thanks.

Sincerity is a most valuable virtue: but there are
some, whose natures are so poor-spirited and cowardly,
that they are not capable of exerting it. Indeed,
unless a man be steady and constant in all his
actions, he will hardly deserve the name of sincere.
An open enemy, though more violent and terrible,
is not, however, so odious and detestable as a false
friend. To pretend to keep another's counsel, and
appear in their interest, while underhand we are
giving intelligence to their enemies, is treacherous,
knavish, and base.


Oso6t er~b 6 e

~U~c 0

A BLIND Man, being stopped in a bad piece of
road, meets with a Lame Man, and entreats him to
guide him through the difficulty he was got into.
" How can I do that," replied the Lame Man, since
I am scarce able to drag myself along t but as you
appear to be very strong, if you will carry me, we
will seek our fortunes together. It will then be my
interest to warn you of any thing that may obstruct
your way; your feet shall be my feet, and my eyes
yours." "With all my heart," returned the Blind
Man; let us render each other our mutual services."
So taking his lame companion on his back, they by

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A^ HI ^^^^

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means of their union travelled on with safety and


The wants and weaknesses of individuals form the
connections of society.



A DOE that had but one eye used to graze near
the sea, and that she might be the more secure from
attack, kept her eye towards the land against the
approach of the hunters, and her blind side towards
the sea, whence she feared no danger. But some
sailors rowing by in a boat and seeing her, aimed at
hef from the water and shot her. When at her last
gasp, she sighed to herself: "Ill-fated creature that
I am! I was safe on the land-side, whence I expected
to be attacked, but find an enemy in the sea, to which
I most looked for protection."

Our troubles often come from the quarter whence
we least expect them.

~,I~ef YlbIle. -



A PRODIGAL young Spendthrift, who had wasted
his whole patrimony in taverns and gaming houses .
among idle company, was taking a melancholy walk
near a brook. It was in the month of January, and
happened to be one of those warm. sunshiny days,
which sometimes smile upon us even in that wintry
season of the year; and to make it the more flatter.
ing, a Swallow, which had made its appearance, by
mistake, too soon, flew skimming along upon the
surface of the water. The giddy youth, observing
this, without any farther consideration, concluded that
summer was now come, and that he should have

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little or no occasion for clothes, so went and pawned
them at the broker's, and ventured the money for
one stake more, among his sharing companions.
When this too was gone the same way with the rest,
he took another solitary walk in the same place as
before. But the weather, being severe and frosty,
had made every thing look with an aspect very
different from what it did before; the brook was
quite frozen over, and the poor Swallow lay dead
upon the bank of it; the very sight of which cooled
the young spark's brains, and coming to a kind of
sense of his misery, he reproached the deceased bird,
as the author of all his misfortunes. Ah, wretch
that thou wast !" says he, "thou hast undone both
thyself and me, who was so credulous as to depend
upon thee."


Some will listen to no conviction but what they
derive from fatal, experience.

Still blind to reason, nature, and his God,
Youth follows pleasure, till he feels the rod
Of sad experience, then bemoans his fate,
Nor sees his folly till it is too late.


A FARMER came to a neighboring Lawyer, ex-
pressing great concern for an accident which he. said
had just happened. One of your oxen," continued
he, "has been gored by an unlucky bull of mine, and
I shall be glad to know how I am to make you a
reparation." "Thou art a very honest fellow," re-
plied the Lawyer, and wilt not think it unreasonable
that I expect one of thy oxen in return." It is no
more than justice," quoth the Farmer, "to be sure:
but whatdid I say !-I mistake-It is your bull that
has killed one of my oxen." Indeed," says the
Lawyer, "that alters the case: I must inquire into

6 lo6166f bJb .

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the affair; and if"-"And if!" said the Farmer,
Sthe business I firrd would have been conelde
without an if had you been as ready to do juAsti to
tbAms a to exact it rom them."

The ln)uries we do, and those we $er, ar sWdoa
weighed in the sambe eales.

THERE was a certain Widow who had an only
Sheep; and, wishing to make the most of his wool,
she sheared him so closely that she cut his skin as
well as his fleece. The Sheep, smarting under thbi
treatment, cried out-" Why do you torture mn
thus I What will my blood add to the weight of the
wool I If you want my flesh, Dame, send for tin
Butcher, who will put me out of my misery at once;
but if you want my fleece, send for the Shearer, who
will clip my wool without drawing my blood."

Middle measures are often but middling measure

616eef Fbles.


.~.\- -\.\


A GNAT, half starved with cold and hunger, went
one frosty morning to a Bee-hive, to beg charity;
and offered to teach music in the Bee's family, for her
diet and lodging. The Bee very civilly desired to be
excused: for, says she, I bring up all my children
to my own trade, that they may be able to get their
living by their industry; and I am sure I am right;
for see what that music, which you would teach my
children, has brought you yourself to!


The many unhappy persons, whom we daily see
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singing up and down in order to divert other people,
though with very heavy hearts of their own, should
warn all those, who have the education of children,
how necessary it is to bring them up to industry and
business, be their present prospects ever so hopeful;
that so, upon any unexpected disaster, they might be
able to turn their hands to a course which might
procure them an honest livelihood.
The Gnat in the fable, we may further observe, is
very like many inconsiderate persons in life: they
gaily buzz about in the summer of prosperity, and
think of nothing but their present enjoyments: but
when the winter of adversity comes, they poorly creep
about, and supplicate the industrious inhabitants of
every Bee-hive, charitably to relieve those wants
which they have brought upon themselves; and often
deservedly meet the repulse and the sting, which the
Bee gives to the Gnat in the fable.

The wretch, who works not for his daily bread,
Sighs and complains, but ought not to be fed.
Think, when you see stout beggars on their stand,
The lazy are the locusts of the land.


Select Febles.


Two Cocks were fighting for the sovereignty of
the dunghill. And one of them having got the
better of the other, he that was vanquished crept
into a hole, and hid himself for some time; but the
victor flew up to an eminent place, clapt his wings
and crowed out victory. An eagle, who was watch-
ing for his prey near the place, saw him, and making
a stoop, seized him in his talons, and carried him off.
The Cock that had been beaten, perceiving this, soon
quitted his hole, and shaking off all remembrance of
his late disgrace, gallanted the hens with all the
intrepidity imaginable.

56leot 6bles.


This fable shows the impropriety and inconvenience
of running into extremes. Much of our happiness
depends upon keeping an even balance in our words
and actions; in not suffering the scale of our reason
to mount us too high in time of prosperity, nor to
sink us too low with the weight of adverse fortune.


A CERTAIN man bought a Blackamoor, and thinking
that the color of his skin arose from the neglect of
his former master, he no sooner brought him home
than he procured all manner of scouring apparatus,
scrubbing-brushes, soaps, and sand-paper, and set to
work with his servants to wash him white again.
They drenched and rubbed him for many an hour,
but all in vain; his skin remained as black as ever;
while the poor wretch all but died from the cold he
caught under the operation.


No human means avail of themselves to change a
nature originally evil.

A STAG, that had been drinking at a clear spring,
saw himself in the water; and, pleased with the
prospect, stood for some time contemplating and
surveying his shape and features, from head to foot.
" Ah !" says he, "what a glorious pair of branching
horns are there! How gracefully do those antlers
hang over my forehead, and give an agreeable turn
to my whole face If some other parts of my body
were but proportionate to them, I would turn my
back to nobody; but I have such a set of legs as
really makes me ashamed to see them. People may
talk what they please of their conveniences, and in

Se16if Frbles.

III 2ii

Sleeot Fbl6s.

what great need we stand of them, upon several
occasions; but for my part, I find them so very
slender and unsightly, that I had as well have none
at all." While he was giving himself these airs, he
was alarmed with the noise of some huntsmen and a
pack of hounds, that were making towards him.
Away he flies in great consternation, and, bounding
nimbly over the plain, threw dogs and men at a vast
distance behind him. After which, taking a very
thick copse, he had the ill-fortune to be entangled by
his horns in a thicket; where he was held fast, till
the hounds came in and pulled him down. Finding
now how it was like to go with him, in the pangs of
death, he is said to have uttered these words:
"Unhappy creature that I am! I am too late con-
vinced, that, what I prided myself in, has been the
cause of my undoing; and what I so much disliked,
was the only thing that could have saved me."


We should examine things deliberately, and can-
didly consider their real usefulness before we place
our esteem on them; otherwise, like th. foolish
Stag, we may happen to admire those accomplish-
ments which are of no real use, and often prove
prejudicial to us, while we despise those things on
which our safety may depend.


As the Ants were Miring their provisions one
winter, a hungry Grasshopper begged charity of
them. They told him, that he should have wrought
in summer, if he would not have wanted in winter.
"Well," says the Grasshopper, "but I was not idle
neither; for I sung out the whole season." "(Nay,
then," said they, you will even do well to make a
merry year of it, and dance in winter to the tune you
sung in summer."


The stress of this moral lies upon the preference of

Salctf Zabl6s.


P ~a~t;


... -.

Seleiet Tbls.

honest labor to idleness; and the refusal of relief
on the one hand, is intended culy for a reproof to
the inconsiderate loss of opportunity, on the other.
This does not hinder yet, but that the Ants, out of
their abundance, ought to have relieved the Grass.
hopper in her distress, though it was her own fault
that brought her to it: for if one man's faults could
discharge another man of his duty, there would be
no longer any place left for the common offices of
society. To conclude, we have our failings, every
one of us; and the improvidence of my neighbour
must not make me inhuman. The Ant did well to
reprove the Grasshopper for her slothfulness; but
she did ill, after that, to refuse her charity in her



SAID an old Crab to a young one, Why do you
walk so crooked, child? walk straight !" Mother,"
said the young Crab, show me the way, will you ?
and when I see you taking a straight course, I will
try and follow."

Example is better than precept.


UPON a great storm of wind that blew among the
trees and bushes, and made a rustling with the leaves,
the Hares, in a certain park where there happened to
be plenty of them, were so terribly frightened, that
they ran like mad all over the place, resolving to
seek out some retreat of more security, or to end
their unhappy days by doing violence to themselves.
With, this resolution they found an outlet where a
pale had been broken down, and bolting forth upon
an adjoining common, had not run far before their
course was stopped by that of a gentle brook which
glided across the way they intended to take. This

6a16at Eiblcrr,


Seleelt qbIes.

was so grievous a disappointment, that they were not
able to bear it; and they determined rather to threw
themselves headlong into the water, let what would
become of it, than lead a life so full of dangers and
crosses. But, upon their coming to the brink of the
river, a parcel of Frogs, which were sitting there,
frightened at their approach, leaped into the stream
in great confusion, and dived to the very bottom for
fear; which a cunning old Puss observing, called to
the rest and said, Hold, have a care what ye do:
here are other creatures, I perceive, which have their
fears as well as us: don't then let us fancy ourselves
the most miserable of any upon earth; but rather,
by their example, learn to bear patiently those incon-
veniences which our nature has thrown upon us."


There is no contending with the orders and decrees
of Providence. He that makes us, knows what is
fittest for us; and every man's own lot, well under-
stood and managed, is undoubtedly the best.

The miseries of half mankind unknown,
Fools vainly think no sorrows like their own;
But view the world, and you will learn to bear
Misfortunes well, since all men have their share.


66e6ef 4 bles.


THaRE was once a Dog that could beat all his
fellows, and was so puffed up with the glory of his
exploits, that nothing would serve him but he must
challenge a Bull to the combat. They met, and after
a short encounter, the Dog lay for dead ; but coming
to himself again, Well," says he, "this is the fruit
of my insolence and folly, in provoking an enemy,
that nature has made my superior."

It is not courage, but temerity, for men to venture

Select F bl es.

their lives, reputations, and fortunes upon unequal
encounters; unless w-here they are obliged by an
overruling impulse cf honour, conscience, and duty, to
stand all hazards. That, which the world accounts
brave, is in truth, no better than brutal, where there
is not reason, justice, and prudence to direct and
govern it. It is one thing for a man to be firm, and
fearless, against honest dangers, let them appear ever
so terrible, when his honour for the purpose, his
country, or his conscience, call upon him to encounter
them: but to run his head against a wall, purely out
of a vain opinion of his own strength, would be just
the moral of the Dog in the fable.


A SWALLOW had built her nest under the caves of
a Court of Justice. Before her young ones could fly,
a Serpent gliding out of his hole eat them all up.
When the poor bird returned to her nest and found
it empty, she began a pitiable wailing; but a neigh.
bour suggesting, by way of comfort, that she was not
the first bird who had lost her young, True," she
replied, but it is not only my little ones that I
mourn, but that I should have been wronged in that
very place where the injured fly for justice."



A CRow, ready to die with thirst, flew with joy to
a Pitcher which he beheld at some distance. When
he came he found water in it, but so near the bottom,
that with all his stooping and straining he was not
able to reach it. Then he endeavoured to overturn
the Pitcher, that at least he might be able to get a
little; but his strength was not sufficient for. this.
At last, seeing some pebbles lie near the place, he
east them one by one into the Pitcher; and thus, by
degrees, raised the water up to the very brim, and
satisfied his thirst.

Sslaof Zablc~

se q^i

--- L- 6 MF' -

Seletf ~ables.


Many things which cannot be effected by strength,
or by the old vulgar way of enterprising, may yet be
brought about by some new and untried means. A
man of sagacity and penetration, upon encountering a
difficulty or two, does not immediately despair; but
if he cannot succeed one way, employs his wit and
ingenuity another; and, to avoid or get over an im-
pediment, makes no scruple of stepping out offthe
.path of his forefathers. Since our happiness, next to
the regulation of our minds, depends altogether upon
our having and enjoying the conveniences of life,
why should we stand upon ceremony about the
methods of obtaining them, or pay any deference to
antiquity upon that score ? If almost every age had
not exerted itself in some new improvements of its
own, we should want a thousand arts; or, at least,
many degrees of perfection in every art, which at
present we are in possession of. The invention of
any thing, which is more commodious for the mind
or body, than what they had before, ought to be
embraced readily, and the projector of it distinguished
with a suitable encouragement.

Select Frbl6s.

A SPIDER, that observed a Swallow catching flies,
fell immediately to work upon a net to catch Swal-
lows; for she looked upon it as an encroachment upon
her right: but the birds, without any difficulty, broke
through the work, and flew away with the very net
itself. Well," says the Spider, "bird-catching is
none of my talent, I perceive;" and so she returned
to her old trade of catching flies again.


Every man should examine the strength of his own


Select Eables.

mind with attention and impartiality, and not fondly
flatter himself by measuring his own talents by the
false standard of the abilities of another. We can no
more adopt the genius of another man, than assume
his shape and person; and an imitation of his manner
would no more become us, than his clothes. Man is in.
deed an imitative animal; but whatever we take from
general observation, without servilely copying the
practice of any individual, becomes so mixed and in.
corporate with our notions that it may fairly be called
our own. Almost every man has something original
in himself, which, if duly cultivated, might perhaps
procure him esteem and applause; but if he neglects
his natural talents, or perverts them by an absurd
imitation of others, he becomes an object of ridicule;
especially, if he attempts to perform things beyond
the compass of his strength or understanding.


A CERTAIN Man was setting out on a journey, when,
seeing his Dog standing at the door, he cried out to
him, What are you gaping about? Get ready to
come witlVme." The Dog, wagging his tail, said, "I
am all right, Master; it is you who have to pack up."


A CROW, having taken a piece of cheese out of a
cottage window, flew up into a high tree with it, in
order to eat it; which a Fox observing, came and sat
underneath, and began to compliment the Crow upon
the subject of her beauty. I protest," says he, I
never observed it before, but your feathers are of a
more delicate white than any that ever I saw in
my life! Ah! what a fine shape and graceful turn
of body is there! And I make no question but you
have a tolerable voice. If it is but as fine as your
complexion, I do not know a bird that can pretend to
stand in competition with you." The Crow tickled

$6s16of lfes.


8eieef :E~b6e.,

Selecf Eables.

with this very civil language, nestled and nggled
about, and hardly knew where she was; but think-
ing the Fox a little dubious as to the particular of
her voice, and having a mind to set him right in that
matter, began to sing, and in the same instant let the
cheese drop out of her mouth. This being what the
Fox wanted, he chopped it up in a moment, and
trotted away, laughing to himself at the easy credulity
of the Crow.


There is hardly any man living that may not be
wrought upon more or less by flattery; for we do
all of us naturally overween in our own favour. But
when it comes to be applied once to a vain person,
there is no end then can be proposed to be attained
by it, but may be effected.

It is a maxim in the schools,
That Flattery 's the food of fools;"
And whoso likes such airy meat,
Will soon have nothing else to eat.


AN earthen Pot and one of brass, standing together
upon the river's brink, were both carried away by
the flowing in of the tide. The earthen Pot showed
some uneasiness, as fearing he should be broken;
but his companion of brass bid him be under no
apprehensions, for that he would take care of him.
O replies the other, keep as far off as ever you can,
I entreat you; it is you I am most afraid of: for,
whether ,the stream dashes you against me, or me
against you, I am sure to be the sufferer; and
therefore, I beg of you, do not let us come near
one another.


rll ,ii


Ii i


8eieef :E~b6e.,

Selecf Eables.

with this very civil language, nestled and nggled
about, and hardly knew where she was; but think-
ing the Fox a little dubious as to the particular of
her voice, and having a mind to set him right in that
matter, began to sing, and in the same instant let the
cheese drop out of her mouth. This being what the
Fox wanted, he chopped it up in a moment, and
trotted away, laughing to himself at the easy credulity
of the Crow.


There is hardly any man living that may not be
wrought upon more or less by flattery; for we do
all of us naturally overween in our own favour. But
when it comes to be applied once to a vain person,
there is no end then can be proposed to be attained
by it, but may be effected.

It is a maxim in the schools,
That Flattery 's the food of fools;"
And whoso likes such airy meat,
Will soon have nothing else to eat.


AN earthen Pot and one of brass, standing together
upon the river's brink, were both carried away by
the flowing in of the tide. The earthen Pot showed
some uneasiness, as fearing he should be broken;
but his companion of brass bid him be under no
apprehensions, for that he would take care of him.
O replies the other, keep as far off as ever you can,
I entreat you; it is you I am most afraid of: for,
whether ,the stream dashes you against me, or me
against you, I am sure to be the sufferer; and
therefore, I beg of you, do not let us come near
one another.


rll ,ii


Ii i

Select FMbles.


A man of a moderate fortune, who is contented
with what he has, and finds that he can live happily
upon it, should take care not to hazard and expose
his felicity, by consorting with the great and powerful.
People of equal conditions may float down the
current of life without hurting each other; but it is
a point of some difficulty to steer one's course in the
company of the great, so as to escape without a
bulge. One would not choose to have one's little
oountry-box situated in the neighbourhood of a very
great man; for whether I ignorantly trespass upon
him, or he knowingly encroaches upon me, I only
am like to be the sufferer. I can neither entertain,
nor play with him, upon his own terms; for that
which is moderation and diversion to him, in me
would be extravagance and ruin.


EVzRY man carries Two Wallets, one before and one
behind, and both full of faults. But the one before, is
full of his neighbour's faults; the one behind, of his
own. Thus it happens that men are blind to their own
faults, but never lose sight of their neighbour's.

SeIaot Eabies.


"M head," says the boasting Fir-tree to the
humble Bramble, "is advanced among the stars; I
furnish beams for palaces, and masts for shipping;
the very sweat of my body is a sovereign remedy for
the sick and wounded: whereas thou, 0 rascally
Bramble, runnest creeping in the dirt, and art good
for nothing in the world but mischief." "I pretend
not to vie with thee," said the Bramble, "in the
points thou gloriest in. But, not to insist upon it,
that He, who made thee a lofty Fir, could have made
thee an humble Bramble, I pray thee tell me, when
the carpenter comes next with the axe into the wood,

Select :Ebles.

to fell timber, whether thou hadst not rather be
Bramble than a Fir-tree T"


The answer of the humble Bramble to the proud
Fir-tree is so pathetic, that it may of itself serve for
a very good moral to this fable. Nothing of God's
works is so mean as to be despised, and nothing so
lofty but it may be humbled; nay, and the greater
the height, the greater the danger. For a proud
great man to despise an humble little one, when Pro.
evidence can so easily exalt the one, and abase the
other, and has not for the merit of the one, or the
demerit of the other, conferred the respective con-
ditions, is a most inexcusable arrogance. The Fir
may boast of the uses to which it is put, and of its
strength and stature; but then it has not to boast of
the creeping Bramble's safety; for the value of the
one tempts the carpenter's axe, while the property of
the other makes it little worth any one's while to
molest it. Upon the whole matter, we may add,
That as pride or arrogance is a vice that seldom
escapes without a punishment; so humility is a
virtue that hardly ever goes without a blessing.


Seleaf E4bIs..

-I VU .

& -


A COUNTRY Fellow took a Dove, and tied a String
to its foot, and so gave it to a little boy to play with*
The Dove did not much like his companion, and upon
the first opportunity gave him the slip, and flew away
into the woods again, where he was shackled and
starved. When he came to die, he reflected upon
the folly of exposing his life in the woods, rather than
live in an easy servitude among men.

Men that are impatient under imaginary affictions,

Select IEbles.

change commonly for the worse, as the Dove did
here in the fable, that threw himself into a starving
situation, rather than submit to the tolerable incon-
venience of an easy restraint. Nothing would serve
him, but he must be at his own disposal, and so away
he goes, carries his String along with him, and
shackles himself in the wood, where he dies for want
of food and water.


THERE was a Dog so wild and mischievous, that
his master was obliged to fasten a heavy clog about
his neck, to prevent him biting and worrying his
neighbours. The Dog, priding himself upon his
Sbadge, paraded in the market-place, shaking his clog
to attract attention. But a sly friend whispered to
him, "The less noise you make, the better; your
mark of distinction is no reward of merit, but a badge
of disgrace !"


SMen often mistake notoriety for fame, and would
rather be remarked for their vices or follies than not
be noticed at all.

Select fables.

~3 ~-~5Z

A Doo, crossing a little rivulet with a piece of flesh
in his mouth, saw his own Shadow represented in the
clear mirror of the limpid stream; and believing it to
be another Dog, who was carrying another piece of
flesh, he could not forbear catching at it; but was so
far from getting any thing by his greedy design, that
he dropt the piece he had in his mouth, which imme-
diately sunk to the bottom, and was irrecoverably lost.

It is wisely decreed that vice should carry its own
a 73

Select fE bIes.

punishment along with it. Therefore, he, that catches
at more than belongs to him, justly deserves to lose
what he has; yet nothing is more common and,
at the same time, more pernicious, than this selfish
principle. It prevails from the king to the peasant;
and all orders and degrees of men are, more or less,
infected with it. Great monarchs have been drawn
in, by this greedy humour, to grasp at the dominions
of their neighbours; not that they wanted any thing
more to feed their luxury, but to gratify their insati.
able appetite for vain glory. If the kings of Persia
could have been contented with their own vast
territories, they had not lost all Asia, for the sake of
a little petty state of Greece.
He, that thinks he sees another's estate in a pack
of cards, or a box and dice, and ventures his own in
the pursuit of it, should not repine, if he finds himself
a beggar in the end.

Base is the man, who pines amidst his store,
And fat with plenty, griping, covets more:
But doubly vile, by av'rice when betrayed,
He quits the substance for an empty shade.


86i66f E0b1.68


A CONCEITED Willow had once the vanity to chal-
lenge his mighty neighbour the Oak to a trial of
strength. It was to be determined by the next
storm; and JEolus was addressed by both parties, to
exert his most powerful efforts. This was no sooner
asked than granted; and a violent hurricane arose;
when the pliant Willow, bending from the blast, or
shrinking under it, evaded all its force; while the
generous Oak, disdaining to give way, opposed its
fury, and was torn up by the roots. Immediately
the Willow began to exult, and to claim the victory;
when thus the fallen Oak interrupted his exultation:


ifr .ir


r r
r~7~ 'r

$esief fEbles.

" Callest thou this a trial of strength Poor wretch I
not to thy strength, but weakness; not to thy boldly
facing danger, but meanly skulking from it, thou
west thy present safety. I am an Oak, though fallen;
thou still a Willow, though unhurt: but who, except
so mean a wretch as thyself, would prefer an ignomi-
nious life, preserved by craft or cowardice, to the
glory of meeting death in an honourable cause."


The courage of meeting death in an honourable
cause is more commendable, than any address or
artifice we can make use of to evade it.


SAID a young Mole to her mother, Mother, I can
see." So, in order to try her, her Mother put a
lump of frankincense before her, and asked her what
it was. "A stone," said the young one. "0, my
child !" said the Mother, not only do you not see,
but you cannot even smell."


Brag upon one defect, and betray another


A BEE, observing a Fly frisking about her hive,
asked him, in a very passionate tone, what he did
there "Is it for such scoundrels as you," said she,
"to intrude into the company of the queens of the
air ?" "You have great reason, truly," replied the
Fly, to be out of humour : I am sure they must be
mad, who would have any concern with so quarrel-
some a nation." And why so, thou saucy thing?"
returned the enraged Bee; "we have the best laws,
and are governed by the best policy in the world.
We feed upon the most fragrant flowers, and all our
business is to make honey: honey, which equals

Selecf Fabls8.

Sele oct blues.

nectar, thou tasteless wretch, who livest upon nothing
but putrefaction." "We live as we can," rejoined
the Fly: "poverty, I hope, is no crime; but passion
is one, I am sure. The honey you make is sweet, I
grant you; but your heart is all bitterness: for to be
revenged on an enemy, you will destroy your own
life; and are so inconsiderate in your rage, as to do
more mischief to yourselves than to your adversary.
Take my word for it, one had better have less con-
siderable talents, and use them with more discretion."

The greatest genius with a vindictive temper is tar
surpassed in point of happiness by men of talents
less considerable.

A POT of Honey having been upset in a grocer's
shop, the Flies came around it in swarms to eat it
up, nor would they move from the spot while there
was a drop left. At length their feet became so
clogged that they could not fly away, and stifled in
the luscious sweets they exclaimed, "Miserable
creatures that we are, who, for the sake of an hour's
pleasure, have thrown away our lives !"

5ae5of Eil~

-~ --,

t S7cS7;


Two Bears, climbing over a fence into a place where
Bees were kept, began to plunder the Hives, and rob
them of their honey. But the Bees, to revenge the
injury, attacked them in a whole swarm together;
and though they were not able to pierce their rugged
hides, yet, with their little stings, they so annoyed
their eyes and nostrils, that, unable to endure the
smarting pain, with impatience they tore the skin
over their ears with their own claws, and suffered
ample punishment for the injury they did the Bees,
in breaking open their waxen cells.

6Sle6 t Eabl6s.


Many and great are the injuries of which some
men are guilty towards others, for the sake of gratify-
ing some liquorish appetite. For there are those
who would not stick to bring desolation upon their
country, and run the hazard of their own necks into
the bargain, rather than balk a wicked inclination,
either of cruelty, ambition, or avarice. But it were
to be wished, all who are hurried by such blind
impulses would consider a moment before they pro-
ceed to irrevocable execution. Injuries and wrongs
not only call for revenge and reparation with the
voice of equity itself, but oftentimes carry their
punishment along with them, and, by an unforeseen
train of events, are retorted on the head of the actor
of them; and not seldom, from a deep remorse,
expiated upon himself, by his own hand.


A LAMB pursued by a Wolf took refuge in a temple.
Upon this the Wolf called out to him, and said, that
the priest would slay him if he caught him. Be it
,so," said the Lamb: "it is better to be sacrificed to
God, than to be devoured by you."

A CoCK, being perched among the branches of a
lofty tree, crowed aloud, so that the shrillness of his
voice echoed through the wood, and invited a Fox to
the place, who was prowling in quest of his prey.
But Reynard, finding the Cock was inaccessible, by
reason of the height of his situation, had recourse to
stratagem in order to decoy him down; so, approach-
ing the tree, Cousin," says he, I am heartily glad
to see you; but at the same time, I cannot forbear
expressing my uneasiness at the inconvenience of the
place, which will not let me pay my respects to you
in a handsomer manner; though I suppose you will
come down presently, and so that difficulty is easily

56166f abtt

S elect bl t$.

removed." "Indeed, cousin," says the Cock, "to
tell you the truth, I do not think it safe to venture
myself upon the ground, for though I am convinced
how much you are my friend, yet I may have the
misfortune to fall into the clutches of some other
beast, and what will become of me then ?" "0
dear," says Reynard, is it possible that you can be
so ignorant, as not to know of the peace which has
been lately proclaimed between all kinds of birds
and beasts; and that we are, for the future, to forbear
hostilities on all sides, and to live in the utmost love
and harmony, and that, under penalty of suffering the
severest punishment that can be inflicted ?" All this
while the Cock seemed to give little attention to
what was said, but stretched out his neck, as if he
saw something at a distance. Cousin," says the
Fox, what is that you are looking at so earnestly '"
"Why," says the Cock, "I think I see a pack of
hounds yonder." "0 then," says the Fox, "your
humble servant, I must be gone." "Nay, pray
cousin, don't go," says the Cock, I am just coming
down; sure you are not afraid of dogs in these
peaceable times." No, no," says he; but ten to
one whether they have heard of the proclamation yet."
Perfidious people are naturally to be suspected in
reports that favour their own interest.

sleoot F01b6s.


A LITTLE Boy playing in the fields, chanced to be
stung by a Nettle, and came crying to his father: he
told him, he had been hurt by that nasty weed several
times before; that he was always afraid of it: and
that now he did but just touch it, as lightly as
possible, when he was so severely stung. "Child,"
says he, "your touching it so gently and timorously
is the very reason of its hurting you. A nettle may
be handled safely, if you do it with courage and
resolution; if you seize it boldly and gripe it fast,
be assured it will never sting you: and you will
meet with many sorts of persons, as well as things

Select fables.

in the world, which ought to be treated in the very
same manner."


There are certain persons who require to be treated
rather with spirit and resolution, than either tender-
ness or delicacy.



A BULL being pursued by a Lion, fled into a cave
where a Wild Goat had taken up his abode. The
Goat upon this began molesting him and butting
at him with his horns. Don't suppose," said
the Bull, if I suffer this now, that it is you I am
afraid of. Let the Lion be once out of sight, and
I will soon show you the difference between a Bull
and a Goat."


Mean people take advantage of their neighbours'
difficulties to annoy them; but the time will come
when they will repent them of their insolence.

A KITE, who had kept sailing in the air for many
days near a dove-house, and made a stoop at several
Pigeons, but all to no purpose, at last had recourse
to stratagem, and took his opportunity one day to
make a declaration to them, in which he set forth his
own just and good intentions, who had nothing more
at heart than the defence and protection of the
Pigeons in their ancient rights and liberties, and how
concerned he was at their fears and jealousies of a
foreign invasion, especially their unjust and unreason-
able suspicions of himself, as if he intended, by force
of arms, to break in upon their constitution, and
a 85

balatf ~ib16~.


Seletf E~bl6s.

erect a tyrannical government over them. To pre-
vent all which, and thoroughly to quiet their minds,
he thought proper to propose to them such terms of
alliance and articles of peace, as might for ever
cement a good understanding betwixt them: the
principal of which was, That they should accept of
him for their King, and invest him with all kingly
privilege and prerogative over them. The poor
simple Pigeons consented: the Kite took the corona-
tion oath after a very solemn manner, on his part,
and the Doves, the oath of allegiance and fidelity,
on theirs. But much time had not passed over their
heads, before the good Kite pretended that it was
part of his prerogative to devour a Pigeon whenever
he pleased. And this he was not contented to do
himself only, but instructed the rest of the royal
family in the same kingly arts of government. The
Pigeons, reduced to this miserable condition, said
one to the other, Ah! we deserve no better! Why
did we let him come in ?"


What can this fable be applied to, but the exceed.
ing blindness and stupidity of that part of mankind,
who wantonly and foolishly trust their native rights
of lhrtv without rood security


AVAUNT! thou paltry, contemptible insect !" said
a proud Lion one day to a Gnat that was frisking
about in the air near his den. The Gnat enraged at
this unprovoked insult, vowed revenge, and imme-
diately darted into the Lion's ear. After having
sufficiently teased him in that quarter, she quitted
her station and retired under his belly: and from
thence made her last and most formidable attack in
his nostrils, where stinging him almost to madness,
the Lion at length fell down, utterly spent with rage,
vexation, and pain. The Gnat having thus abundantly
gratified her resentment, flew off in great exultation:

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but in the heedless transports of her success, not
sufficiently attending to her own security, she found
herself unexpectedly entangled in the web of a
spider; who, rushing out upon her, put an end to
her triumph and her life.


Little minds are so much elevated by any advan-
tage gained over their superiors, that they are often
thrown off their guard against a sudden change of


A BLIND Man was wont, on any animal being put
into his hands, to say what it was. Once they
brought to him a Wolf's whelp. He felt it all over,
and being in doubt, said, "I know not whether thy
father was a Dog or a Wolf; but this I know, that
I would not trust thee among a flock of sheep."


Evil dispositions are early shown.


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CA c-


A HARE, being seized by an Eagle, squeaked out
in a most woful manner. A Sparrow, that sat upon
a tree just by and saw it, could not forbear being
unseasonably witty, but called out and said to the
Hare, "So, ho what! sit there and be killed
Pr'ythee up and away; I dare say, if you would but
try, so swift a creature as you are would easily
escape from the Eagle." As he was going on with
this cruel raillery, down came a Hawk, and snapt
him up; and, notwithstanding his vain cries and
lamentations, fell a devouring of him in an instant.
The Hare, who was just expiring, yet received com.

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fort from this accident, even in the agonies of death;
and addressing her last words to the Sparrow, said,
"You, who just now insulted my misfortune with so
much security, as you thought, may please to show
us how well you can bear the like, now it has befallen
Nothing is more impertinent than for people to be
giving their opinion and advice in cases, in which,
were they to be their own, themselves would be as
much at a loss what to do. But so great an itch
have most men to be directors in the affairs of others,
either to show the superiority of their understanding,
or their own security and exemption from the ills
they would have removed, that they forwardly and
conceitedly obtrude their counsel, even at the hazard
of their own safety and reputation.

As some Oxen were dragging a wagon along a
heavy road, the Wheels set up a tremendous creaking.
"Brute!" cried the driver to the wagon; "why do
you groan, when they who are drawing all the weight
are silent V"--Those who cry loudest are not always
the most hurt.

--, -
& -j- k L


A Box taken in a trap was glad to compound for
his neck, by leaving his tail behind him. It was so
uncouth a sight for a Fox to appear without a tail,
that the very thought of it made him weary of his
life: but, however, for the better countenance of the
scandal, he got the master and wardens of the Foxes'
company to call a court of assistants, where he himself
appeared, and made a learned discourse upon the
trouble, the uselessness, and the indecency of Foxes
wearing tails. He had no sooner delivered his
oration, but up rises a cunning snap, then at the
board, who desired to be informed, whether the

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worthy member that moved against the wearing of
tails, gave his advice for the advantage of those that
had tils, or to palliate the deformity and disgrace of
those hat had ~on.

In respect to temporal affairs, they who pretend to
advise what measures are most conducive to the
public welfare are often guided entirely by their own
private interest: but whenever they counsel any
extraordinary innovations, or endeavour to change
any established proceedings long used and approved,
we may be almost certain that they have some other
design, rather than the promotion of the general
good. When new regulations are proposed, we
should turn our eyes on those who propose them,
and consider with attention, whether they have not
some personal motives for their conduct, and we
should be particularly cautious not to suffer ourselves
to be imposed on by fine speeches and pretended
patriotism: for he, who is very solicitous to bring
about a scheme, not attended with any visible advan-
tage to the community, must only mean his own
benefit; or, like the Fox, when he has been caught
himself in one trap, endeavour to catch us in another.

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