Citation
The summer holidays

Material Information

Title:
The summer holidays a story for children
Creator:
Amerel
D. Appleton and Company ( Publisher )
Place of Publication:
New York
Publisher:
D. Appleton & Company
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1850
Language:
English
Physical Description:
104 p. <6> leaf of plates : ill. ; 15 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cousins -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Vacations -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Uncles -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Domestic animals -- Juvenile fiction ( lcsh )
Family stories -- 1851 ( local )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1851 ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1851
Genre:
Family stories ( local )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) ( rbbin )
novel ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- New York -- New York
Target Audience:
juvenile ( marctarget )

Notes

Funding:
Brittle Books Program
Statement of Responsibility:
by Amerel.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions may require permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact The Department of Special and Area Studies Collections (special@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
026579083 ( ALEPH )
45585577 ( OCLC )
ALG1904 ( NOTIS )

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DADDY HALL’S DONKEY.



SUMMER HOLIDAYS:

A STORY FOR CHILDREN.

BY AMEREL.

NEW-YORK:
D. APPLETON & COMPANY, 200 BROADWAY
1851.





Poe ree amen ne A ARNO RAE PO NL AN ER AAA SE SAN FI a SP A ORES ORY A IER

EnTerep according to Act of Congress, in the year 1850, by
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court for the Southern
District of New York.

maremanre rene



Contents.

PAGE,
CHAPTER I.

Uncle Harvey's Parlor,- - - - - - +--+ 2: - 5
CHAPTER IL.

The Evening Walk, - ------+:-+7 27 - 13
| CHAPTER III.

A Visit to Daddy Hall, - - - -- * --* - +s 24
CHAPTER IV.

The Walk through the Woods,- - - - - - - - 34
CHAPTER V.

What Uncle Harvey said about Rain,- - - - - - 40

CHAPTER VI. |
How Thomas killed a Hawk, - - - - - - - - 45



1V CONTENTS.

PAGE,
CHAPTER VII.

About Bats, - - - - - ---+--+-+--- - - 60
CHAPTER VIII.

The Walk to the Creek, - - - - - - - = §§
CHAPTER IX.

The Hard Battle, - - - - - - cf ee eee 65
CHAPTER X.

About Corn and the uses of Animals, - - - - - 72
CHAPTER XI.

Alice Gray, - - - - ----- - se 2 2 = WY
CHAPTER XII.

Locusts, - - - - ---+-+--- +7 ste 88

CHAPTER XIII.
The Return Home,- - - - - - - - - -=- = = 99



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER IL.
UNCLE HARVEY’S PARLOR.

Mr. Harvey’s two sons, Thomas and
John, were very anxious for their cousin,
Samuel Reed, to spend the August holi-
days with them. His father said that
he might; and when school was closed
for the season, Samuel bade his father

good bye, and was soon in the carriage,

(5)



6 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

driving toward Uncle Harvey’s country
seat.

The boys had not seen each other since
New Year’s day. It was a happy meet-
ing when Samuel jumped out of the car-_
riage, by the gate leading from the main
road up to Mr. Harvey’s house; for there
his uncle, and two cousins, were waiting
for him. Thomas and John, each grasped
a hand, while their father led the way
to the house. ‘‘ We were afraid you were
not coming,” said John. ‘ How tall you
have grown since Christmas,” exclaimed

Thomas. ‘ Were you not tired of being



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. d

in the hot city such weather as this?”
Samuel said that he was; and then they
all entered the house, while the driver
brought in Samuel’s baggage.

It was about five o’clock in the after-
noon when Samuel reached his uncle’s
house. He was taken into a small par-
lor, which opened upon a garden where
many flowers were in bloom. It was a
warm day, but this room was cool and
fragrant; and on the table were several
plates of fruit, and some cakes, which
his uncle caused to be placed there, so

that he might-eat some as soon as he ar-



8 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

rived. While Samuel was eating some
of themg John said:

“We are so glad you have come, Sam-
uel. Last winter you could see nothing
but snow.”

“What became of the snow-man we
made last winter?” asked Samuel.

“Tt froze very hard for more than a
week after you left,” replied Thomas;
“but John and I broke its head a great
deal, with snow balls, and afterwards a
warm rain fell, and washed it away.”

“Is it warm in the city now?” asked
John.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 9

“Yes,” answered his cousin. “In the
middle of the day the pavements seem
to be about on fire, and people are afraid
to walk far, lest they may be sunstruck.
Yesterday two men died with the heat.
There seems to be no air stirring from
morning till night. Besides, there is
much sickness in town, and many per-
sons have left their houses, and gone
into the country.

“Father,” said Thomas, ‘“‘ how miser-
able we should be if we had no water to
drink this weather, like those poor Arabs
that you told us of the other day.”



10 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

“Yes,” answered Mr. Harvey, ‘the
sun must be burning hot in Arabia now.”

“How can they live in such a place?”
asked John.

“They are not all so miserable as the
party I told you of the other day,” re-
plied his father. ‘Besides, you know
it is their country, and God has taught
them to loveit. If an Arab were brought
here, he would, probably, think it a most
dreary land, except in summer.”

‘But what do you do in town, Samuel,”
asked John, ‘when it is too warm to go
out ?”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. Ll

“Tt is very hot only in the middle of
the day,” replied his cousin, ‘and then,
you know, we are at school. In the
afternoons, | sometimes rode out with
father, or went on the steamboat. Last
week a balloon went up, from the other
side of the river. We had a fine view
of it from the roof of our house. Two
men were in it, and when they had risen
so high that the balloon appeared quite
small, they threw out a little machine,
called a parachute. It looked something
like an umbrella, and had a dog to it.



12 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

The balloon sailed a great distance
through the air, and came down safely.”

It was now six o’clock, and Mr. Har-
vey told the boys that they might go to
supper, which he had ordered to be ready
earlier than usual.

Up =e

Yigeey ¢

‘Gy
if ee Ee 3 A
ae ai “





THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 13

CHAPTER IL
THE EVENING WALK.

Arrer supper, Samuel and his cousins
took a walk in the meadow, toward the
mill pond. The air was now cool and
pleasant, and as the boys moved through
the narrow path, among the low grass,
thousands of grasshoppers, and other in-
sects, filled the air with their cheerful
hum. Thomas, with his companions,
passed round the mill, and then climbed
a fence which led through a field of corn.



14 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

The corn was not very high, so that they
had to be careful not to tread upon it.
When they reached the other side, Sam-
uel saw that the fence was covered with
raspberry vines, from one end to the
other. He asked what they did with so
many. “All that fatner wishes to use,
or to eat,’ replied Thomas, “he gathers
out of the garden; but these he leaves
for two or three poor families, who live
not far off, and who take them to town to
sell. It helps them to pay their rent.”

‘“ And does he give away blackberries,
too?” asked Samuel.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 15

“Yes, and many other kinds of fruit,”
replied his cousin. ‘‘ He has such large
fields and orchards, that he can afford to
‘give away great quantities of apples,
peaches, currants, erain, and vegetables.”

The boys roamed about the fields, talk-
ing in this manner, until after sunset,
when Thomas said it was time to return.
They crossed into a bye path, and walked
toward the house through a field in which
wheat had been growing. Among the
short straw, left by the reapers, Samuel
saw many birds’ nests, and deep holes
that had been dug by rabbits, field mice,



16 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

and other small animals. In a short
time they passed a very old house, whose
sides appeared as if they would fall
every moment. The roof was covered
with moss and grass, and the boards had
crumbled and separated from each other;
a number of bats and swallows were
flying about it, and Thomas said that
dozens of these little animals, beside rats
and mice, lived inside. Samuel asked
him if any body lived there. ‘ No,” said
his cousin; “but father remembers very
well when an old soldier, that the farmers
called Jack, did live in this house. His



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THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 17

leg had been shot o in battles with the
Indians. After it healed he moved to
this place, and lived on the vegetables
he could raise in a little garden, besides
what people gave him. Every night he
came out and sat on the log by the door,
playing on an old fiddle. Then the school —
children would collect around him, and
give him pennies, or fruit, and such
things. Sometimes he told them stories ;
for he had travelled in many lands, and
knew a great deal about them. In the
summer nights, father says, he often

heard poor old Jack singing the songs
2 7



18 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

that he had learned when he was a boy;
and sometimes he could be seen hob-
bling down this lane, on his crutches, or
sitting by the water catching some fish
for his supper. One day he was missed,
and folks thought he was sick; but they
waited till the next morning, and then a
great crowd collected round the house,
and called him. No one answered; so
some one lifted the latch and went in.
Old Jack was not there, and the people
began to get frightened. They hunted
for him all that day, and many days
afterivard ; but he was never found.



THE SUMME © HOLIDAYS. 19

Some think that he was drowned; others
that he went away with strangers, and
a few are foolish enough to believe, that
he is still living, and will one day come
back. Since that time, no one has ever
lived in hig house, and in a few years it
will tumble down with old age.”

While Thomas had been giving this
account of Poor J ack, the Soldier, John
was very busy moving round the old
house, and peeping through the cracks in
the boards. At last he motioned Thomas
and Samuel, to come to him, and then

whispered :



20 THE SUMMER TOLIDAYS.

“Stoop down—don’t make a bit of
noise—and peep through this crack.
You'll see the biggest owl that ever you
did see, in all your life.” Both of them
looked through. It was very dark, but
Samuel saw two great eyes, like balls of
fire, and in a little while he could per-
ceive the body of an owl, which, as John
had said, was the largest he had ever
seen.

“Let us go in and catch him,” said
John. But Thomas answered, that as it
was now dark the owl could easily fly

away; and besides, as they did not wish



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 21

to kill it, it could be of no use to them,
if they should catch it. “It might do
for cousin to look at,” replied John; but
he did not insist upon entering the
house. As they were going away, Sam-
uel asked his cousin if he did not think
owls were ugly.

‘No, indeed,” answered John. “I
would rather see an owl any time than
these little birds that can do nothing
but sing. See how soft his feathers are
—all barred and spotted with black and
brown, which is more handsome than to

be all over red or yellow. I know he



22 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

can’t sing; but he’s got nice, long ears,
and that no other bird has. And how
nice and round his head is. Then he
sits on a tree, and looks wise, as father
says. The Canary, and the mocking
bird, are good enough to keep in cages,
but of all birds, give me an owl.”

Thomas and Samuel laughed at this
notion, but John continued:

“Thomas, did not some people, wao
lived a long while ago, call the owl the
‘bird of wisdom ?’

“Yes,” replied Thomas. “I have heard
father say that it was the Athenians.”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 23

‘That shows how wise they were,”
said John. ‘I seems to me as though
that owl, which we saw, was keeping
house for poor old soldier Jack.”

“Do hush about owls,” said his bro-
ther, laughing; and they ran together
through the gate, and into the yard.





24. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER III.
A VISIT TO DADDY HALL.

Next morning, Mr. Harvey told his
sons that they might go to see an old
man, who lived in a samll house, about
two miles off, and who was so sickly that
he could not work. This old man’s name
was Hall, and the boys of the school
called him Daddy Hall. He had once
been rich; but sickness and misfortune
had reduced him to poverty, so that he

now lived with his little son, in a small



ep Pr

THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 25

hut, near a hill. EKvery week he sent
fruit and vegetables to market, in a cart,
drawn by a donkey, which some of the
neighbors had given to him. Every week
Mr. Harvey sent either a servant, or one
of the boys, to see how he was getting
along, and to carry him something nice.

The two boys, with their cousin, were
soon off, carrying with them a basket
full of things for the old man. They
went by the road across the meadows,
and through a small gate in the hedge.
Samuel observed, that the hawthorn of

the hedge grew very thick and close, so



26 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

that a bird could scarcely get through it.
The roots and branches were twisted into
each other, appearing like strong, thick
chains woven together; and on the vines
grew sharp thorns, longer than a needle.
Mr. Harvey’s boys told their cousin, that
neither man nor beast could get through
such a hedge; and that if a man were
placed on the top, he could walk on the
vines without sinking down, they were
so strong and close. “It would be un-
easy travelling, though,” added John;
‘‘for his feet would be torn to pieces by
these spiky thorns.”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 27

They now left the hedge, and went on
through two wide fields, until they
reached some hills that stood by them-.
selves, and were steep and bare. Three
of them had deep pits dug in them, while
piles of rock, stones, and sand, were
lying around. Samuel asked his cousins
what place it was.

“Tt is an iron mine,” said Thomas;
but it is not worked any more, because
there is not enough of iron found to pay
for the trouble. All these stones lying
about here are pieces of ore; but the
quantity of iron in them is so small that



28 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

it will not pay for the expense of taking
it out from the ore.”

‘How is iron taken from the ore?”
asked Samuel. Thomas replied:

“The ore is first crushed into coarse
dust, and then washed. Afterwards this
dust is melted in a hot furnace, and the
iron is separated from the melted stone,
or dross, in a manner which is very trou-
blesome, and which father can explain
to you better than [ can. Sometimes
the ore is almost all iron; John and I
have some pieces in our cabinets, in

which you cannot see any stone.”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 29

“But did men go down this deep
well?” asked Samuel.

“Yes; they were lowered down in
buckets. And the water was pumped
out by a machine. The water was so
cold, even in the middle of summer, that
one could scarcely hold his hand in it.”

The boys began to throw stones down.
one of the wells, so that they might guess
by hearing them strike the bottom, how
‘deep it was. The first stones were too
small to be heard; then they threw
larger ones, and listened, but could hear

nosound. At last, John took up a piece



30 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

of rock as big as his head, and rolled it
into the well. It fell with a hollow,
rumbling noise, and all was then still.
The boys thought it had reached the bot-
tom; but all at once they heard it splash
into water. Then the boys knew that
the well was very deep, for the stone had
been falling several seconds. They then
hunted among the piles of ore for some
handsome pieces to give to Samuel; after
which, they picked up their basket, and
hurried on toward Daddy Hall’s.

On reaching his house, they found the

old man sitting at the door, while his



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 31

son, a good boy, was preparing to take
the donkey to market, with a cart load
of turnips, radishes, peas, beans, and
cabbage. Daddy Hall was pale and
thin; but he arose to meet the boys, and
seemed very glad to see Samuel. Al-
though he was sick almost every day,
and sometimes suffered great pain, yet
no one ever heard him complain. He
loved children, and was very fond of
talking to them; and before he grew so
weak and feeble, many of the farmers
sent their little ones to him, to learn to
read. After they had been seated a



32 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

little while, John asked him if he did not
vet tired of staymg in the house.
“Sometimes,” said the old man, “I
wish I could go out, as I once could, and
work for myself; but I do not feel tired.
Besides, this is the best condition I can
be placed in; and if you ask me why, I
wil tell you. God, my children, has
placed me in it; and he knows what is
best for each of us. He has given me
many comforts, kind friends, plenty to
eat and drink, and a son, who is one of
the best of boys. There is nothing, John,
more cheering to the heart of an old



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. ao

man than the kindness of a dutiful son ;
and let me ask each of you, to listen to
the advice of one who owns such a bless-
ing, and always to show honor and re-

spect to your parents.”



oe NG
ww SY

Wei





x.

34 =° THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER IV.
THE WALK THROUGH THE WOODS.

Tue boys left their basket with Daddy
Hall, and set out on their return to the
house. ‘ Let us go through the woods,”
said Thomas, and they all walked toward
a thick wood which stood not far from
the hill, near which Daddy Hall’s house
was built. They were glad to reach its
cool shade; for the sun was now getting
warm. Samuel saw a number of birds
among the branches, that he did not



Cr

THE SUMMER ILOLIDAYS. 3

know the names of; and many bright
little flowers were growing in the shade,
among the roots of oak and beech trees.
A little distance in the wood, they reach
a small rock, near which some large
stones were lying, as if they had been
thrown together. Thomas stopped, and
| said, ‘‘Samuel, this is the place where
we killed a big snake last spring. You
can see his hole under this rock. John
and I tried hard to-move these loose
stones, but we could not. I dare say
there are snake nests underneath.”

“Perhaps we three can move one of



36 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

them,” replied his cousin. They all
caught hold, and at last pulled the stone
from its place. There was nothing un- 2
derneath, but some old nut shells; but
John said he was sure they would find
snakes if they could but move the other
stones. After much pulling, they raised
another one; and under it was a large
land tortoise, with several little ones, no
larger than a walnut. After examining
these, they observed a hole running
under another stone, into the ground. |
Samuel also found two or three snake

skins, which his cousins told him the



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 37

snakes threw off every spring, after
which a new and larger skin grew on
them. They pulled hard at this third
stone, but could not move it; but while
they were going away, Thomas said that
they could bring an iron bar some day,
and easily root it up.

In the middle of the wood was a fine
spring of water, which gushed from a
rock, and then spread out into a little
pool, so clear and quiet, that the smallest
stones could be seen at the bottom.
Samuel tasted the water, and found it

cold and refreshing. He asked his cou-



38 THE SUMMER IOLIDAYS.

sin how so much water could come out
of the rock.

“Tt does not come from the rock,” re-
plied Thomas; ‘but only runs through
it. Father says, that spring water often
comes from the hills and mountains, run-
ning under the ground through cracks
and holes in the rocks, until it finds
some outlet. I suppose this water runs
down from the tops of the hills near the
iron mine.”

‘But this is not rain water,” said his
cousin. “It neither tastes nor looks
like it.”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. © 39

“Tt has become changed while passing
under the ground,” replied Thomas.
‘‘ After a heavy shower the water soaks
into the earth until it reaches the sand, -
or rock underneath, then it runs through
every little crack down the hill, and
under the ground to some place iike this
where it can escape. The sand and
gravel, which it meets with, make it
pure and the lime and other substances

of the rocks, alter its taste.”





4() THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER V

WHAT UNCLE HARVEY SAID ABOUT RAIN.

Wuen the boys reached the house, Mr.
Harvey was in his study. Samuel was
anxious to ask him some questions about
springs, but he would not go up stairs to
disturb him. But after dinner his uncle
came into the parlor where the boys
were, and then Samuel asked him where
all the water comes from that flows in
the rivers and other streams.

“From the ocean,” answered Mr. Har-



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 4]

vey. “I suppose you have seen water
boiling, Samuel.”

“Yes, sir.”

“And have you seen the steam rise
up from the water into the air?” Samuel
said that he had. His uncle continued °

“Whenever water is heated, it is
turned into steam, or vapor, as it is
sometimes called. If there is enough of
heat to make water boil, the vapor passes
off very fast, until the water is gone.
Now the sun is continually changing the
water of rivers, ponds, lakes, and of the

ocean, into vapor. This vapor rises.



42, THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

The air about a mile above the earth, is
much colder than it is on the earth; so
when the hot vapor from the ocean meets
the cold air, 1t again becomes water,
and forms clouds. J see you are ready
with a question, John.”

“Yes, sir,” said John. ‘I cannot see,
father, how the clouds can float in the
air if they are nothing but water. Why
do they not pour down?” His father
answered : |

“T expected this would be your ques-
tion. The clouds, my son, are water, but

not in a close mass, like that in a bucket



THE SUMMER IOLIDAYS. 43

orin the mill pond. You have seen soap
bubbles, and know that a great many of
them may be joined together without
breaking. It is supposed by learned
men, that clouds are nothing but many
thousands of bubbles, which, being
hehter than air, would, you know, float
on it.” |

“ But, father,” said J ohn, “what makes
it rain ?”

“That is not certainly known,” replied
Mr. Harvey; ‘but, no doubt, lightning
has much to do with it. I will show

you, this evening, several pictures about



44. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

clouds and springs of water, which will
help you to understand what I have said.”
‘“Unele,” said Samuel, “there is one
more question which I would like to ask.”
“Ask it, my boy,” replied Mr. Harvey.
“T have read, sir, that the water of
the ocean is salt; why, then, is not rain
water salt, too?” |
‘“ Because,” said Mr. Harvey, “salt
cannot be changed to vapor, and it 1s too |
heavy to be raised, in any quantity, in
the air with the water. Yet, I suppose,
that a little salt is always mixed with
the bubbles that form clouds.”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 45

CHAPTER VI.
HOW THOMAS KILLED A HAWK.

Tuts afternoon was very hot, and the
boys spent it in their room, arranging
their books and pictures, and in reading.
At five o’clock, while Thomas was stand-
ing by the window, he suddenly ex-
claimed: “There’s a hawk!’ Both the
boys ran to the window, and saw a large
hawk, sailing slowly toward the barn.

“He is the one that steals our chick-

ens,” said John. ‘And see, he’s flying



46 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

straight for the barn. Thomas, run and
ask father for the gun.”

Mr. Harvey kept two guns in his
house; but he used them only for shoot-
ing hawks, when they were flying about
to steal the poultry. John and Thomas
had learned to use them, and sometimes
spent an afternoon in firing at a mark.
But they never did so without their
father’s consent.

Thomas soon joined the other boys,
having the gun in his hand; and after
Mr. Harvey had bidden them to be care-
ful, they followed in the direction the



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 47

hawk was flying. They kept close by
the fence, so that 1t could not see them.
In a short time it was over the barn
yard, and sailing round and round, in
order to make a sweep downwards.
“ Hurry, Thomas,” said John; and
Thomas ran stooping along some bushes,
followed by John and Samuel, on their
hands and feet. The hawk was now
quite low, and the boys could hear the
hens screaming and running about. . At
last Thomas reached the barn fence, and
his brother told him to fire. But he
could not take aim, because the hawk



48 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

was partly hidden by the corner of the
barn. “Iam afraid he’ll get that little
chicken,” said Samuel. “See if you can
take aim now,” whispered John. The
hawk now made a sweep at one of the
chickens; but it ran under the barn, and
the hawk flew up a little higher. Just
then, Thomas fired. The hawk came
down head foremost, and Thomas threw
away his gun, and sprang over the wall.
John and Samuel jumped after him,
shouting as loud as they could. In a
few moments the hawk was dead. It

was the largest one that either of them



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Up

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THE HAWK.



“THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 49

had ever seen. When they reached the
house, Mr. Harvey was waiting for them;
and on seeing so large a hawk, promised
to have it stuffed for them. The gun

was then hung up in its place







C <— Sea RK

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“ally zie i uy



50 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER VII.
ABOUT BATS.

Tuis evening, while the boys were
reading and talking to Mr. Harvey,
several bats flew in at the window. John
caught one of them in his hat, and placed
it on the table for his cousin to ex-
amine. Samuel asked his uncle if it
would not fly away. |

“No,” said Mr. Harvey, “it cannot
raise itself from the ground. What we
call its wings, are, you see, nothing but



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 51

two thin skins, or membranes, stretched
from its hind legs to its fore ones, and
fastened to its sides. When flying, it
spreads out its toes, so as to unfold these
membranes, and thus balances itself in
the air.”

“Do not some people think that the
bat is a bird?” asked Samuel.

“Yes. But probably they never ex-
amined a bat closely. You see that it
looks nothing at all like a bird.”

“Father,” said John, “where did those
great bats come from, which you have in

your cabinet ?”



52 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

“Brom the island of Java,” said Mr.
Harvey. ‘They are called Java bats.
I have seen some with bodies as large
as hens, and wings like umbrellas. Hun-
dreds of these animals fly about the gar-
dens and orchards of that island, every
night, destroying great quantities of
fruit. The people there, spread nets
over the trees, to protect the fruit, and
shoot the bats with guns, as you did the
hawk.”

“T have read, in a book of travels,”
said Samuel, “that while persons are

asleep, these bats, or some other large



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 58

kind, suck their blood. Is that true,
sir?”

“No,” said Mr. Harvey. ‘Such tales
were long believed, even by writers on
natural history; and I have some where
a picture of a monstrous bat sucking the
blood from a man’s veins. But all this
is now known to be fabulous. No kind
of bat will attack an animal as large as
itself, nor enter a house when there is
an abundance of fruit and insects in the
field.” |

“ Shall we let this bat go now?” said
John. Mr. Harvey said yes; and then



54. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

John lifted it on a large sheet of paper,
and threw it into the air. In a moment
it spread out its thin wings, and after
flying about the room two or three times,
passed out of the window. Mr. Harvey
told them, that although the bat was
so feeble when on the ground, yet its
strength of wing was greater than that

of any bird.





THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 5o

CHAPTER VIII.
THE WALK TO THE CREEK.

Tue next day there was a heavy thun-

der shower, in the morning, which com-
pelled the boys to stay in the house;
and in the afternoon the teacher of the
academy paid Mr. Harvey a visit. During
the time that he staid, Thomas, with his
brother and cousin, were told to remain
in the house. But the next day was
cool and pleasant, and they started early
on a ramble through the fields. As they



o6 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

passed close to a farm house, Samuel
saw a large dog chained to a tree, in the
yard. It looked very fierce at them as
they passed, and then began to growl
and bark. Thomas told his consin, that
this dog had bitten several persons in
the neighborhood, and that some of the
school boys had tried to poison it; but
that the farmer was careful always to
keep it chained, so that no body might
get a chance to catch it in the road.
About half a mile further onward was
a fine stream of water. It began in

the hills, and ran winding along, deeper



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. o¢

and broader, to a great distance. Mr.
Harvey owned several farms along this
creek; and here Thomas and John often
came, in summer evenings, to swim. The
water was clear and pure, so that hun-
dreds of fish could be seen sporting
around the shores.

When the boys reached this creek,
they sat down under a shady tree, to
watch the fishes, and listen to the songs
of the birds, on the bushes that hung
over the water. In a short time, a num-
ber of eels came from under a large

stone, one after the other, and after



58 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

swimming about for a little while, buried
themselves in the mud. Samuel asked
Thomas where so many came from.
“They live in the water,” replied his
cousin. “On a pleasant evening you
can see many more swimming among
the stones, and the roots of trees, by the
edge of the creek. But, do you know,
that they sometimes come out of the
water, and glide about the meadows.”
“No,” said Samuel; ‘‘do they ?”
“Yes,” replied Thomas. “At night
you may sometimes see a great many

among the grass. One evening last



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 59

summer John and I met a whole com-
pany of them, going from the little creek,
near Daddy Hall’s house, toward the mill
pond. We thought, at first, that they
- were snakes, and so moved out of their
road; but by and by, we perceived that
they were ecls. The weather had been
hot and dry for two weeks before, and
these eels were travelling to find more
water So father told us afterwards.”
The boys now walked on, down the
creek, until they came to a small bridge.
On this a boy, about as large as Samuel,

was standing, throwing stones into the



60 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

water. When Thomas, and the other
two, got near enough, they saw he was
stoning frogs. Every time one of these
little animals put its head above the
water, the boy pelted it with a stone;
and two or three had been mashed to
death, as they sat on the broad stones,
near the water’s edge.

Now, all good boys and girls, who
read this hook, will say that this was a
cruel boy—and so he was. As soon as
John saw what he was about, he called
to him to stop. The boy said he would
not, and stoned harder than before. Then





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STONING FROGS.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 61

John began to grow angry. You re-
member, children, I told you, that though
John was a noble hearted fellow, yet he
was quick of temper; and when he saw
boys doing wrong, he was apt to get
angry very soon, if they did not stop
when they were told. So, seeing that
the boy still threw stones, he called to
him again, louder than before.

“What shall I stop for?” said the boy.

“Because,” said John, as he stepped
on the bridge, ‘‘ you have no business to
stone frogs. What hurt do they do

you ?”



62 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

‘A good deal,” said the boy; and he
threw another stone. =

“T tell you to stop,” replied John;
“this is father’s field, and they are his
frogs, too; and you have no right here,
if you can’t behave yourself.”

The boy now threw off his cap, as if to
fight, and said: “I don’t care for you or
your father either; [ll stone as long as
I please, and no one shall hinder me,”
and as he spoke, he shook his fist in
John’s face. John was now very angry.

“Tf you touch me,” he said, “Tl
throw you, head foremost, over the bridge.

‘



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 63

I tell you to quit stoning frogs, ana you
shall quit.”

Thomas and Samuel now came for-
ward; for they were afraid that there
would be some fighting. John and the
boy stood looking at each other for a
little while; but at last, the boy seeing
that John was not afraid of him, picked
up his hat and walked off, muttering
that he did not care for any body. ‘He
had better go,” said John. When his
brother began to grow calm, Thomas told
him that he ought not to get so angry,
for he could have driven off the boy just



64. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

as well, by speaking quietly to him. “I
have seen him once or twice before,”’
added Thomas, “and I hear that he is a

very bad boy.”





THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. . 65

CHAPTER IX.
THE HARD BATTLE. ©

In coming home by some cherry trees
that stood near the fence, Samuel saw a
little animal, larger than a bat, fly
swiftly from one branch to another. He
asked his cousins if it was not a flying
squirrel. » Thomas answered, ‘“‘ Yes. Se-
veral nests of them are in these trees. If
you could examine one of these squirrels
closely, you would see that its wings, as

they are called, are not like bird’s wings.”

~_

vo



66 ‘THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

‘“They seem more like a bat’s wings,”
said Samuel.

“So they are,” replied his cousin;
“only thin skins, stretched along the
sides from the fore legs to the hind ones.
But these squirrels cannot fly far, nor
stay long in the air, as bats can. They
merely dart swiftly from one branch to
another.” |
| “What other kinds of squirrels are
there?” asked Samuel.

“The grey squirrel,” said Thomas,
“ much larger than this one. It is not

often found about here, Then the ground



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 67

squirrel, that lives in the ground, instead
of on the trees. The common squirrel,
such as you see running about the fences
and woods; and two or three other kinds.
Some people eat squirrels; but I have
never tasted one.”’

The boys now heard some one scream-
ing, and stopped to listen. ‘It comes
from that field,” said John; “let us run
and see what is the matter.” They did
so, and soon saw that the big dog they
had passed in going to the creek, had
vot out, and was chasing a boy. This

boy was screaming with fear; and John



68 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

perceived that he was the boy who had
been stoning frogs. But the boys ran
with all their might to help him, picking
up such stones and sticks as lay on the
ground, in their way. When they reached
the boy, he was pale with fear, for the
dog was close to him. Samuel also delt
a little afraid; but he joined his two
cousins in trying to beat the dog back.
The fierce animal got John’s stick in his
mouth, and wrenched it out of his hand;
but he kicked it in the jaws, and so kept
it off with his feet, while Thomas and

Samuel struck it over the head with all



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 6Y

their sight. As to the boy, he ran as
hard as he could, until he was out of
sight. Thomas’s stick now broke, but
Samuel ran his down the dog’s throat,
and John ran to bring a great pole which
was lying a little distance off. With this
they kept the dog from biting them, until
some men came running down a lane,
and over into the field. They had seen
the dog run out of the farmer’s yard, and
were anxious to kill it. So they threw
a rope round its neck, and dragged it
away. They said it should be shot. The

boys were very warm, and could scarcely



70 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

get their breath. They walked, there-
fore, to a tree which stood in the field,
and sat down to get cool, and rest them-
selves. Thomas said he would be glad
if the dog were killed, for such an animal
was not fit to keep. “If we had each
had a good stout club,” replied his bro-
ther, “he would never have run after any
of us again.”

They looked for the boy, but he could
not be seen; and after resting them-
selves, they walked home. When Mr.
Harvey heard of their battle with the



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. ral

doz, he said that it was a great blessing
they had not been bitten; for that in
summer the bite of a dog often caused

madness, followed by certain death.





72 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS

CHAPTER X.
ABOUT CORN AND THE USES OF ANIMALS.

Wuen Samuel had been at his uncle’s
about two weeks. Mr. Harvey told him
one morning, that he might go with his
cousins to a field where early corn was
growing and pull some to cook, if it was
ripe. They had a merry time among the
high corn. As they came back to the
house, carrying their basket of ears,
Samuel asked his cousins, why corn was

sometimes called Indian corn.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 73

‘Tt 1s because it formed the chief food
of the Indians, before white men came
to this country,” replied Thomas. “ Fa-
ther says its proper name is maize. It
was first found in this country; and
there are some parts of America where
it is used altogether instead of wheat or
rye. Did you ever taste cakes made
from it?”

“Yes,” said Samuel; ‘they were
sweeter than wheat bread; but I would
not like to eat them every day.”

‘Nor I either,” said John; “but I like

Indian meal with sugar, eggs, and milk



74. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

in it, and then baked brown in the oven.
Don’t you, Samuel ?”

‘I never tasted it that way. But I
think corn is best boiled on the ear, and
eaten with meat and vegetables.”

Mr. Harvey’s library, as I have already
told you, was very large. He spent much
time in the room where it was, either
reading or writing. In the afternoon,
after the boys had gathered the corn, he
called them into this room, and showed
them some beautiful pictures of animals
and countries. While looking at them, ©
Samuel asked him if he thought every



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 78.

animal had been made for some useful
purpose.

“Yes, my boy,” answered his uncle;
“we have reason to believe that even
things which appear to be entirely use-
less, such as gravel stones, or weeds,
have been made by God for some good
end. The more we learn about animals
and plants, the more plainly this ap-
pears. I will show you the picture of a
very curious animal, called a Sloth. It
looks a little hke a bear. Now listen,
boys, to a few words about this animal.

It lives in thick, gloomy forests, so that



76 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

it can scarcely ever be taken. When
placed on the ground it cannot walk,
but drags itself forward, with its fore
legs, crying all the time, as if in great
pain. Its claws are long, and turn up
under its feet. In the woods it lives all
the time on the trees, hanging from a
branch, with its back toward the ground.
Tell me what you think of such an
animal.”
1 think it must be miserable all day
long,” rephed Samuel. 3
“So every one thought, about fifty

years ago,” said Mr. Harvey; but men



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. U7

who have gone to the countries where
sloths are, and seen them in the high
trees, tell a very different story. They
say that the sloth’s home is in the
branches, as much as a fish’s 1s in the
water; and he is there a strong and
happy animal, although he looks so weak
and miserable on the ground. He lives
on fruit, and moves from one branch and
one tree to another, with considerable
swiftness. So you see that the sloth
enjoys himself as well as any of us; and
I have no doubt that he was created for

some good purpose, although we may



78 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

not be able to understand precisely what
it is.

“But do not some animals eat each

ther?” asked Thomas.

“Yes,” replied Mr. Harvey; ‘but this
is of great use toman. What would the
farmer do with all the insects that de-
stroy his grain, if many of them were
not eaten by little birds; and how much
of his fruit would these very birds de-
stroy, if they, too, were not eaten by
hawks! If animals did not destroy each
other, they would soon become so numer-

ous as to crowd man from the earth.”



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS, WY

CHAPTER XI.
ALICE GRAY.

ONE morning, after the three boys had
taken a pretty long walk, they came to
a small cottage, standing by a garden,
round which was a neat hedge. Part of
this garden was planted with vegetables,
and part with flowers, while many vines
and sweet brier bushes stood before the
cottage door. There were also large,
white roses, which Samuel thought finer

than any he had yet seen; and in a



80 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

corner of the garden farthest from the
house, stood two bee hives. As the boys
passed by, a young woman came out on
the piazza, and asked them in. John
and Thomas had often been here; go
they opened the gate and passed through
with their cousin. The young woman,
whose name was Alice, brought out
chairs, and some new milk in bowls, for
each of them to drink. Then she walked
with them through the garden, showing
them through the flowers, and telling
their names. He was much pleased

with the bee hives; they were made of





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ALICE GRAY.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 8)

wood, with glass tops, so that the bees
might be seen at work. After watching
them for some time, they returned through
the garden to the cottage door. At this
moment an old lady came to the door,
and spoke to Mr. Harvey’s boys. Samuel
observed that she was very feeble, and
that her voice could scarcely be heard.
She looked like one who had been often
sick. When they left the cottage, he
asked who she was.

“Wer name is Gray,” said Thomas.
“Alice is her daughter. Mrs. Gray’s

husband was a sailor, and when Alice
6



82 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

was about three years old, he went on a
voyage to catch whales, but was lost,
with all the crew. Mrs. Gray was poor,
and had four children; and as no one in
the town where she lived would help her,
she opened a school for little boys and
girls. The money she got by teaching,
supported her family, until her two oldest
children died. Soon after, the poor wo-
man herself became sick, and the school
was closed. Then she moved into this
part of the country, and tried to make
her living by weaving mats out of rushes.
But in the fall, the child older than Alice,



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. —— «BB

died; and Mrs. Gray again grew sick.
Her landlord was a hard hearted man:
~ he turned her out of doors, and the poor
woman would have died, if some neigh-
bors had not taken her in, and provided
for her until she could work for herself.
At last she went to live on one of the
hills that you can see near the iron mine.
She did pretty well that winter; but one
day in the spring, a great freshet ruined
every thing that she had, and almost
carried away her house. Afraid to stay
on the hill any longer, she was about to

go to the city, and ask assistance from



84. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

the societies which give help to poor
people, when some persons, told her to
move to the cottage she is in now, and
that they would pay the rent. She did
so. When Alice grew older, she worked
hard to support her mother, and she it
was who planted all the flowers and
vegetables that you saw in the garden.
Father made her a present of the bee
hives. Every body loves her because
she has so sweet a temper.”

“ And is the old lady still sick?” asked
Samuel.

“Yes,” said his cousin, ‘‘she will never



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 85

be well again. Yet she is happy in hav-_
ing a good daughter and kind friends,
and loves to see the young people, who
sometimes stop to talk or read to her.”
At some distance from the cottage the
boys met a bull in the road. It was
standing still when they first saw it;
but in a little while it began to strike
the ground with its feet, and toss about
its head. Samuel was afraid to go on;
but his cousins told him to follow them,
without attempting to run. As they
passed, the bull looked fiercely at them,
and began to roar; but they walked on,



86 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

keeping their eyes steady on it, all the
while. It continued to make a great
noise, but did not follow them. After
they had passed it, Thomas said they
could then walk as fast as they chose,
lest the bull might follow them. Samuel
asked him, if bulls had not sometimes |
killed people.

“Yes,” he replied, “bulls are danger-
ous when any thing makes them angry.
And at such times, if you run from them
they are sure to follow. They often fight
with each other; and farmer Smith had
a bull killed by another one last spring.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 87

If you meet them in the road, it is best
to face them, without showing any fear.
It is not often that they will attack any
one who has courage enough to look

straight at them.”

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88 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER XII.
LOCUSTS.

Mr. Harvey’s boys had a very fine fig
tree, which had been presented to them
by a friend of their father, and of which
they took great care. It was kept in a
large box, so that it might be placed in
the house during the winter. The boys
expected it would bear fruit next year.
One day John burst into the room where
Thomas, Samuel, and his father were sit-

ting, and exclaimed with a doleful voice:



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 89

“Oh, father, it is dead—eaten by the.
locusts—I found a dozen on it.”

‘“What’s the matter, John?’ said Mr.
Harvey. “What have the locusts eaten ?”

“Our fig tree,” replied John. ‘It is
gone past all remedy. Only come with
me, and you'll see it.

They followed him down the garden
walk. On reaching the fig tree, Mr.
Harvey saw that nearly all its leaves
had been eaten off, with most of the
bark and young branches. Thomas and
Samuel were very sorry, and John said

he would kill every locust he met, from



90 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

that day forward. Mr. Harvey examined
the tree, and found, that although much
damage had been done to it, yet with
proper care, it might be restored. ‘We
ought to have covered it with a net,” he
said to the boys. |

While his father was talking with
Thomas and his cousin, John was stoop-
ing on the ground, hammering something
with a stone. At last Mr. Harvey turned
round, and asked John what he was
doing.

“Tam killing these fine locusts that I
have caught,” replied John.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 91

“Stop, my son,” said Mr. Harvey,
“that is foolish conduct, and very wicked.
You are eiving way to anger and revenge,
two of the worst passions that a youth
can indulge.”

‘But, father, they will eat more trees.”

“The damage that a few locusts can
do, is not much,” answered his father;
“and if we had taken proper care with
the fig tree, they would not have reached
it. Let those under your hat go, and
when we go into the house, I will tell you
about the locusts of the EKastern coun-

tries, of which you might kill as many



92 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

as you chose, if you were there.” John
did as his father bade him, and said he
was Sorry for having acted so foolishly.
Then Mr. Harvey trimmed the fig tree
with his knife, and said he would send a
servant to place a screen over it. When
they came to the house, John reminded
his father of his promise concerning the
locusts. Mr. Harvey took from a shelf
several large pictures of insects, and
laying one on the table, asked his son
what he thought it was.

“It looks like a large grasshopper,”
said John.



THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 93

“Jt is the locust of the East,” replied
his father. ‘These locusts are shaped
almost exactly like the long-winged
grasshoppers that fly about our fields;
but they are two or three times larger.
What do you think this picture is?”

“Tt seems to be a great cloud of dust.”

“It is a swarm of Eastern locusts.
Hundreds of thousands fly thus together,
darkening the air, and driving every
thing before them. When alighting they
cover the earth for more than a mile
round, and eat every green thing to the

very roots. The noise of their wings is



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DADDY HALL’S DONKEY.
SUMMER HOLIDAYS:

A STORY FOR CHILDREN.

BY AMEREL.

NEW-YORK:
D. APPLETON & COMPANY, 200 BROADWAY
1851.


Poe ree amen ne A ARNO RAE PO NL AN ER AAA SE SAN FI a SP A ORES ORY A IER

EnTerep according to Act of Congress, in the year 1850, by
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court for the Southern
District of New York.

maremanre rene
Contents.

PAGE,
CHAPTER I.

Uncle Harvey's Parlor,- - - - - - +--+ 2: - 5
CHAPTER IL.

The Evening Walk, - ------+:-+7 27 - 13
| CHAPTER III.

A Visit to Daddy Hall, - - - -- * --* - +s 24
CHAPTER IV.

The Walk through the Woods,- - - - - - - - 34
CHAPTER V.

What Uncle Harvey said about Rain,- - - - - - 40

CHAPTER VI. |
How Thomas killed a Hawk, - - - - - - - - 45
1V CONTENTS.

PAGE,
CHAPTER VII.

About Bats, - - - - - ---+--+-+--- - - 60
CHAPTER VIII.

The Walk to the Creek, - - - - - - - = §§
CHAPTER IX.

The Hard Battle, - - - - - - cf ee eee 65
CHAPTER X.

About Corn and the uses of Animals, - - - - - 72
CHAPTER XI.

Alice Gray, - - - - ----- - se 2 2 = WY
CHAPTER XII.

Locusts, - - - - ---+-+--- +7 ste 88

CHAPTER XIII.
The Return Home,- - - - - - - - - -=- = = 99
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER IL.
UNCLE HARVEY’S PARLOR.

Mr. Harvey’s two sons, Thomas and
John, were very anxious for their cousin,
Samuel Reed, to spend the August holi-
days with them. His father said that
he might; and when school was closed
for the season, Samuel bade his father

good bye, and was soon in the carriage,

(5)
6 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

driving toward Uncle Harvey’s country
seat.

The boys had not seen each other since
New Year’s day. It was a happy meet-
ing when Samuel jumped out of the car-_
riage, by the gate leading from the main
road up to Mr. Harvey’s house; for there
his uncle, and two cousins, were waiting
for him. Thomas and John, each grasped
a hand, while their father led the way
to the house. ‘‘ We were afraid you were
not coming,” said John. ‘ How tall you
have grown since Christmas,” exclaimed

Thomas. ‘ Were you not tired of being
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. d

in the hot city such weather as this?”
Samuel said that he was; and then they
all entered the house, while the driver
brought in Samuel’s baggage.

It was about five o’clock in the after-
noon when Samuel reached his uncle’s
house. He was taken into a small par-
lor, which opened upon a garden where
many flowers were in bloom. It was a
warm day, but this room was cool and
fragrant; and on the table were several
plates of fruit, and some cakes, which
his uncle caused to be placed there, so

that he might-eat some as soon as he ar-
8 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

rived. While Samuel was eating some
of themg John said:

“We are so glad you have come, Sam-
uel. Last winter you could see nothing
but snow.”

“What became of the snow-man we
made last winter?” asked Samuel.

“Tt froze very hard for more than a
week after you left,” replied Thomas;
“but John and I broke its head a great
deal, with snow balls, and afterwards a
warm rain fell, and washed it away.”

“Is it warm in the city now?” asked
John.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 9

“Yes,” answered his cousin. “In the
middle of the day the pavements seem
to be about on fire, and people are afraid
to walk far, lest they may be sunstruck.
Yesterday two men died with the heat.
There seems to be no air stirring from
morning till night. Besides, there is
much sickness in town, and many per-
sons have left their houses, and gone
into the country.

“Father,” said Thomas, ‘“‘ how miser-
able we should be if we had no water to
drink this weather, like those poor Arabs
that you told us of the other day.”
10 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

“Yes,” answered Mr. Harvey, ‘the
sun must be burning hot in Arabia now.”

“How can they live in such a place?”
asked John.

“They are not all so miserable as the
party I told you of the other day,” re-
plied his father. ‘Besides, you know
it is their country, and God has taught
them to loveit. If an Arab were brought
here, he would, probably, think it a most
dreary land, except in summer.”

‘But what do you do in town, Samuel,”
asked John, ‘when it is too warm to go
out ?”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. Ll

“Tt is very hot only in the middle of
the day,” replied his cousin, ‘and then,
you know, we are at school. In the
afternoons, | sometimes rode out with
father, or went on the steamboat. Last
week a balloon went up, from the other
side of the river. We had a fine view
of it from the roof of our house. Two
men were in it, and when they had risen
so high that the balloon appeared quite
small, they threw out a little machine,
called a parachute. It looked something
like an umbrella, and had a dog to it.
12 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

The balloon sailed a great distance
through the air, and came down safely.”

It was now six o’clock, and Mr. Har-
vey told the boys that they might go to
supper, which he had ordered to be ready
earlier than usual.

Up =e

Yigeey ¢

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ae ai “


THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 13

CHAPTER IL
THE EVENING WALK.

Arrer supper, Samuel and his cousins
took a walk in the meadow, toward the
mill pond. The air was now cool and
pleasant, and as the boys moved through
the narrow path, among the low grass,
thousands of grasshoppers, and other in-
sects, filled the air with their cheerful
hum. Thomas, with his companions,
passed round the mill, and then climbed
a fence which led through a field of corn.
14 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

The corn was not very high, so that they
had to be careful not to tread upon it.
When they reached the other side, Sam-
uel saw that the fence was covered with
raspberry vines, from one end to the
other. He asked what they did with so
many. “All that fatner wishes to use,
or to eat,’ replied Thomas, “he gathers
out of the garden; but these he leaves
for two or three poor families, who live
not far off, and who take them to town to
sell. It helps them to pay their rent.”

‘“ And does he give away blackberries,
too?” asked Samuel.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 15

“Yes, and many other kinds of fruit,”
replied his cousin. ‘‘ He has such large
fields and orchards, that he can afford to
‘give away great quantities of apples,
peaches, currants, erain, and vegetables.”

The boys roamed about the fields, talk-
ing in this manner, until after sunset,
when Thomas said it was time to return.
They crossed into a bye path, and walked
toward the house through a field in which
wheat had been growing. Among the
short straw, left by the reapers, Samuel
saw many birds’ nests, and deep holes
that had been dug by rabbits, field mice,
16 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

and other small animals. In a short
time they passed a very old house, whose
sides appeared as if they would fall
every moment. The roof was covered
with moss and grass, and the boards had
crumbled and separated from each other;
a number of bats and swallows were
flying about it, and Thomas said that
dozens of these little animals, beside rats
and mice, lived inside. Samuel asked
him if any body lived there. ‘ No,” said
his cousin; “but father remembers very
well when an old soldier, that the farmers
called Jack, did live in this house. His
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THE OLD
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 17

leg had been shot o in battles with the
Indians. After it healed he moved to
this place, and lived on the vegetables
he could raise in a little garden, besides
what people gave him. Every night he
came out and sat on the log by the door,
playing on an old fiddle. Then the school —
children would collect around him, and
give him pennies, or fruit, and such
things. Sometimes he told them stories ;
for he had travelled in many lands, and
knew a great deal about them. In the
summer nights, father says, he often

heard poor old Jack singing the songs
2 7
18 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

that he had learned when he was a boy;
and sometimes he could be seen hob-
bling down this lane, on his crutches, or
sitting by the water catching some fish
for his supper. One day he was missed,
and folks thought he was sick; but they
waited till the next morning, and then a
great crowd collected round the house,
and called him. No one answered; so
some one lifted the latch and went in.
Old Jack was not there, and the people
began to get frightened. They hunted
for him all that day, and many days
afterivard ; but he was never found.
THE SUMME © HOLIDAYS. 19

Some think that he was drowned; others
that he went away with strangers, and
a few are foolish enough to believe, that
he is still living, and will one day come
back. Since that time, no one has ever
lived in hig house, and in a few years it
will tumble down with old age.”

While Thomas had been giving this
account of Poor J ack, the Soldier, John
was very busy moving round the old
house, and peeping through the cracks in
the boards. At last he motioned Thomas
and Samuel, to come to him, and then

whispered :
20 THE SUMMER TOLIDAYS.

“Stoop down—don’t make a bit of
noise—and peep through this crack.
You'll see the biggest owl that ever you
did see, in all your life.” Both of them
looked through. It was very dark, but
Samuel saw two great eyes, like balls of
fire, and in a little while he could per-
ceive the body of an owl, which, as John
had said, was the largest he had ever
seen.

“Let us go in and catch him,” said
John. But Thomas answered, that as it
was now dark the owl could easily fly

away; and besides, as they did not wish
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 21

to kill it, it could be of no use to them,
if they should catch it. “It might do
for cousin to look at,” replied John; but
he did not insist upon entering the
house. As they were going away, Sam-
uel asked his cousin if he did not think
owls were ugly.

‘No, indeed,” answered John. “I
would rather see an owl any time than
these little birds that can do nothing
but sing. See how soft his feathers are
—all barred and spotted with black and
brown, which is more handsome than to

be all over red or yellow. I know he
22 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

can’t sing; but he’s got nice, long ears,
and that no other bird has. And how
nice and round his head is. Then he
sits on a tree, and looks wise, as father
says. The Canary, and the mocking
bird, are good enough to keep in cages,
but of all birds, give me an owl.”

Thomas and Samuel laughed at this
notion, but John continued:

“Thomas, did not some people, wao
lived a long while ago, call the owl the
‘bird of wisdom ?’

“Yes,” replied Thomas. “I have heard
father say that it was the Athenians.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 23

‘That shows how wise they were,”
said John. ‘I seems to me as though
that owl, which we saw, was keeping
house for poor old soldier Jack.”

“Do hush about owls,” said his bro-
ther, laughing; and they ran together
through the gate, and into the yard.


24. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER III.
A VISIT TO DADDY HALL.

Next morning, Mr. Harvey told his
sons that they might go to see an old
man, who lived in a samll house, about
two miles off, and who was so sickly that
he could not work. This old man’s name
was Hall, and the boys of the school
called him Daddy Hall. He had once
been rich; but sickness and misfortune
had reduced him to poverty, so that he

now lived with his little son, in a small
ep Pr

THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 25

hut, near a hill. EKvery week he sent
fruit and vegetables to market, in a cart,
drawn by a donkey, which some of the
neighbors had given to him. Every week
Mr. Harvey sent either a servant, or one
of the boys, to see how he was getting
along, and to carry him something nice.

The two boys, with their cousin, were
soon off, carrying with them a basket
full of things for the old man. They
went by the road across the meadows,
and through a small gate in the hedge.
Samuel observed, that the hawthorn of

the hedge grew very thick and close, so
26 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

that a bird could scarcely get through it.
The roots and branches were twisted into
each other, appearing like strong, thick
chains woven together; and on the vines
grew sharp thorns, longer than a needle.
Mr. Harvey’s boys told their cousin, that
neither man nor beast could get through
such a hedge; and that if a man were
placed on the top, he could walk on the
vines without sinking down, they were
so strong and close. “It would be un-
easy travelling, though,” added John;
‘‘for his feet would be torn to pieces by
these spiky thorns.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 27

They now left the hedge, and went on
through two wide fields, until they
reached some hills that stood by them-.
selves, and were steep and bare. Three
of them had deep pits dug in them, while
piles of rock, stones, and sand, were
lying around. Samuel asked his cousins
what place it was.

“Tt is an iron mine,” said Thomas;
but it is not worked any more, because
there is not enough of iron found to pay
for the trouble. All these stones lying
about here are pieces of ore; but the
quantity of iron in them is so small that
28 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

it will not pay for the expense of taking
it out from the ore.”

‘How is iron taken from the ore?”
asked Samuel. Thomas replied:

“The ore is first crushed into coarse
dust, and then washed. Afterwards this
dust is melted in a hot furnace, and the
iron is separated from the melted stone,
or dross, in a manner which is very trou-
blesome, and which father can explain
to you better than [ can. Sometimes
the ore is almost all iron; John and I
have some pieces in our cabinets, in

which you cannot see any stone.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 29

“But did men go down this deep
well?” asked Samuel.

“Yes; they were lowered down in
buckets. And the water was pumped
out by a machine. The water was so
cold, even in the middle of summer, that
one could scarcely hold his hand in it.”

The boys began to throw stones down.
one of the wells, so that they might guess
by hearing them strike the bottom, how
‘deep it was. The first stones were too
small to be heard; then they threw
larger ones, and listened, but could hear

nosound. At last, John took up a piece
30 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

of rock as big as his head, and rolled it
into the well. It fell with a hollow,
rumbling noise, and all was then still.
The boys thought it had reached the bot-
tom; but all at once they heard it splash
into water. Then the boys knew that
the well was very deep, for the stone had
been falling several seconds. They then
hunted among the piles of ore for some
handsome pieces to give to Samuel; after
which, they picked up their basket, and
hurried on toward Daddy Hall’s.

On reaching his house, they found the

old man sitting at the door, while his
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 31

son, a good boy, was preparing to take
the donkey to market, with a cart load
of turnips, radishes, peas, beans, and
cabbage. Daddy Hall was pale and
thin; but he arose to meet the boys, and
seemed very glad to see Samuel. Al-
though he was sick almost every day,
and sometimes suffered great pain, yet
no one ever heard him complain. He
loved children, and was very fond of
talking to them; and before he grew so
weak and feeble, many of the farmers
sent their little ones to him, to learn to
read. After they had been seated a
32 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

little while, John asked him if he did not
vet tired of staymg in the house.
“Sometimes,” said the old man, “I
wish I could go out, as I once could, and
work for myself; but I do not feel tired.
Besides, this is the best condition I can
be placed in; and if you ask me why, I
wil tell you. God, my children, has
placed me in it; and he knows what is
best for each of us. He has given me
many comforts, kind friends, plenty to
eat and drink, and a son, who is one of
the best of boys. There is nothing, John,
more cheering to the heart of an old
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. ao

man than the kindness of a dutiful son ;
and let me ask each of you, to listen to
the advice of one who owns such a bless-
ing, and always to show honor and re-

spect to your parents.”



oe NG
ww SY

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x.

34 =° THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER IV.
THE WALK THROUGH THE WOODS.

Tue boys left their basket with Daddy
Hall, and set out on their return to the
house. ‘ Let us go through the woods,”
said Thomas, and they all walked toward
a thick wood which stood not far from
the hill, near which Daddy Hall’s house
was built. They were glad to reach its
cool shade; for the sun was now getting
warm. Samuel saw a number of birds
among the branches, that he did not
Cr

THE SUMMER ILOLIDAYS. 3

know the names of; and many bright
little flowers were growing in the shade,
among the roots of oak and beech trees.
A little distance in the wood, they reach
a small rock, near which some large
stones were lying, as if they had been
thrown together. Thomas stopped, and
| said, ‘‘Samuel, this is the place where
we killed a big snake last spring. You
can see his hole under this rock. John
and I tried hard to-move these loose
stones, but we could not. I dare say
there are snake nests underneath.”

“Perhaps we three can move one of
36 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

them,” replied his cousin. They all
caught hold, and at last pulled the stone
from its place. There was nothing un- 2
derneath, but some old nut shells; but
John said he was sure they would find
snakes if they could but move the other
stones. After much pulling, they raised
another one; and under it was a large
land tortoise, with several little ones, no
larger than a walnut. After examining
these, they observed a hole running
under another stone, into the ground. |
Samuel also found two or three snake

skins, which his cousins told him the
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 37

snakes threw off every spring, after
which a new and larger skin grew on
them. They pulled hard at this third
stone, but could not move it; but while
they were going away, Thomas said that
they could bring an iron bar some day,
and easily root it up.

In the middle of the wood was a fine
spring of water, which gushed from a
rock, and then spread out into a little
pool, so clear and quiet, that the smallest
stones could be seen at the bottom.
Samuel tasted the water, and found it

cold and refreshing. He asked his cou-
38 THE SUMMER IOLIDAYS.

sin how so much water could come out
of the rock.

“Tt does not come from the rock,” re-
plied Thomas; ‘but only runs through
it. Father says, that spring water often
comes from the hills and mountains, run-
ning under the ground through cracks
and holes in the rocks, until it finds
some outlet. I suppose this water runs
down from the tops of the hills near the
iron mine.”

‘But this is not rain water,” said his
cousin. “It neither tastes nor looks
like it.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. © 39

“Tt has become changed while passing
under the ground,” replied Thomas.
‘‘ After a heavy shower the water soaks
into the earth until it reaches the sand, -
or rock underneath, then it runs through
every little crack down the hill, and
under the ground to some place iike this
where it can escape. The sand and
gravel, which it meets with, make it
pure and the lime and other substances

of the rocks, alter its taste.”


4() THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER V

WHAT UNCLE HARVEY SAID ABOUT RAIN.

Wuen the boys reached the house, Mr.
Harvey was in his study. Samuel was
anxious to ask him some questions about
springs, but he would not go up stairs to
disturb him. But after dinner his uncle
came into the parlor where the boys
were, and then Samuel asked him where
all the water comes from that flows in
the rivers and other streams.

“From the ocean,” answered Mr. Har-
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 4]

vey. “I suppose you have seen water
boiling, Samuel.”

“Yes, sir.”

“And have you seen the steam rise
up from the water into the air?” Samuel
said that he had. His uncle continued °

“Whenever water is heated, it is
turned into steam, or vapor, as it is
sometimes called. If there is enough of
heat to make water boil, the vapor passes
off very fast, until the water is gone.
Now the sun is continually changing the
water of rivers, ponds, lakes, and of the

ocean, into vapor. This vapor rises.
42, THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

The air about a mile above the earth, is
much colder than it is on the earth; so
when the hot vapor from the ocean meets
the cold air, 1t again becomes water,
and forms clouds. J see you are ready
with a question, John.”

“Yes, sir,” said John. ‘I cannot see,
father, how the clouds can float in the
air if they are nothing but water. Why
do they not pour down?” His father
answered : |

“T expected this would be your ques-
tion. The clouds, my son, are water, but

not in a close mass, like that in a bucket
THE SUMMER IOLIDAYS. 43

orin the mill pond. You have seen soap
bubbles, and know that a great many of
them may be joined together without
breaking. It is supposed by learned
men, that clouds are nothing but many
thousands of bubbles, which, being
hehter than air, would, you know, float
on it.” |

“ But, father,” said J ohn, “what makes
it rain ?”

“That is not certainly known,” replied
Mr. Harvey; ‘but, no doubt, lightning
has much to do with it. I will show

you, this evening, several pictures about
44. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

clouds and springs of water, which will
help you to understand what I have said.”
‘“Unele,” said Samuel, “there is one
more question which I would like to ask.”
“Ask it, my boy,” replied Mr. Harvey.
“T have read, sir, that the water of
the ocean is salt; why, then, is not rain
water salt, too?” |
‘“ Because,” said Mr. Harvey, “salt
cannot be changed to vapor, and it 1s too |
heavy to be raised, in any quantity, in
the air with the water. Yet, I suppose,
that a little salt is always mixed with
the bubbles that form clouds.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 45

CHAPTER VI.
HOW THOMAS KILLED A HAWK.

Tuts afternoon was very hot, and the
boys spent it in their room, arranging
their books and pictures, and in reading.
At five o’clock, while Thomas was stand-
ing by the window, he suddenly ex-
claimed: “There’s a hawk!’ Both the
boys ran to the window, and saw a large
hawk, sailing slowly toward the barn.

“He is the one that steals our chick-

ens,” said John. ‘And see, he’s flying
46 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

straight for the barn. Thomas, run and
ask father for the gun.”

Mr. Harvey kept two guns in his
house; but he used them only for shoot-
ing hawks, when they were flying about
to steal the poultry. John and Thomas
had learned to use them, and sometimes
spent an afternoon in firing at a mark.
But they never did so without their
father’s consent.

Thomas soon joined the other boys,
having the gun in his hand; and after
Mr. Harvey had bidden them to be care-
ful, they followed in the direction the
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 47

hawk was flying. They kept close by
the fence, so that 1t could not see them.
In a short time it was over the barn
yard, and sailing round and round, in
order to make a sweep downwards.
“ Hurry, Thomas,” said John; and
Thomas ran stooping along some bushes,
followed by John and Samuel, on their
hands and feet. The hawk was now
quite low, and the boys could hear the
hens screaming and running about. . At
last Thomas reached the barn fence, and
his brother told him to fire. But he
could not take aim, because the hawk
48 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

was partly hidden by the corner of the
barn. “Iam afraid he’ll get that little
chicken,” said Samuel. “See if you can
take aim now,” whispered John. The
hawk now made a sweep at one of the
chickens; but it ran under the barn, and
the hawk flew up a little higher. Just
then, Thomas fired. The hawk came
down head foremost, and Thomas threw
away his gun, and sprang over the wall.
John and Samuel jumped after him,
shouting as loud as they could. In a
few moments the hawk was dead. It

was the largest one that either of them
l
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THE HAWK.
“THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 49

had ever seen. When they reached the
house, Mr. Harvey was waiting for them;
and on seeing so large a hawk, promised
to have it stuffed for them. The gun

was then hung up in its place







C <— Sea RK

os ES i) , i
“ally zie i uy
50 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER VII.
ABOUT BATS.

Tuis evening, while the boys were
reading and talking to Mr. Harvey,
several bats flew in at the window. John
caught one of them in his hat, and placed
it on the table for his cousin to ex-
amine. Samuel asked his uncle if it
would not fly away. |

“No,” said Mr. Harvey, “it cannot
raise itself from the ground. What we
call its wings, are, you see, nothing but
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 51

two thin skins, or membranes, stretched
from its hind legs to its fore ones, and
fastened to its sides. When flying, it
spreads out its toes, so as to unfold these
membranes, and thus balances itself in
the air.”

“Do not some people think that the
bat is a bird?” asked Samuel.

“Yes. But probably they never ex-
amined a bat closely. You see that it
looks nothing at all like a bird.”

“Father,” said John, “where did those
great bats come from, which you have in

your cabinet ?”
52 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

“Brom the island of Java,” said Mr.
Harvey. ‘They are called Java bats.
I have seen some with bodies as large
as hens, and wings like umbrellas. Hun-
dreds of these animals fly about the gar-
dens and orchards of that island, every
night, destroying great quantities of
fruit. The people there, spread nets
over the trees, to protect the fruit, and
shoot the bats with guns, as you did the
hawk.”

“T have read, in a book of travels,”
said Samuel, “that while persons are

asleep, these bats, or some other large
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 58

kind, suck their blood. Is that true,
sir?”

“No,” said Mr. Harvey. ‘Such tales
were long believed, even by writers on
natural history; and I have some where
a picture of a monstrous bat sucking the
blood from a man’s veins. But all this
is now known to be fabulous. No kind
of bat will attack an animal as large as
itself, nor enter a house when there is
an abundance of fruit and insects in the
field.” |

“ Shall we let this bat go now?” said
John. Mr. Harvey said yes; and then
54. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

John lifted it on a large sheet of paper,
and threw it into the air. In a moment
it spread out its thin wings, and after
flying about the room two or three times,
passed out of the window. Mr. Harvey
told them, that although the bat was
so feeble when on the ground, yet its
strength of wing was greater than that

of any bird.


THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 5o

CHAPTER VIII.
THE WALK TO THE CREEK.

Tue next day there was a heavy thun-

der shower, in the morning, which com-
pelled the boys to stay in the house;
and in the afternoon the teacher of the
academy paid Mr. Harvey a visit. During
the time that he staid, Thomas, with his
brother and cousin, were told to remain
in the house. But the next day was
cool and pleasant, and they started early
on a ramble through the fields. As they
o6 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

passed close to a farm house, Samuel
saw a large dog chained to a tree, in the
yard. It looked very fierce at them as
they passed, and then began to growl
and bark. Thomas told his consin, that
this dog had bitten several persons in
the neighborhood, and that some of the
school boys had tried to poison it; but
that the farmer was careful always to
keep it chained, so that no body might
get a chance to catch it in the road.
About half a mile further onward was
a fine stream of water. It began in

the hills, and ran winding along, deeper
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. o¢

and broader, to a great distance. Mr.
Harvey owned several farms along this
creek; and here Thomas and John often
came, in summer evenings, to swim. The
water was clear and pure, so that hun-
dreds of fish could be seen sporting
around the shores.

When the boys reached this creek,
they sat down under a shady tree, to
watch the fishes, and listen to the songs
of the birds, on the bushes that hung
over the water. In a short time, a num-
ber of eels came from under a large

stone, one after the other, and after
58 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

swimming about for a little while, buried
themselves in the mud. Samuel asked
Thomas where so many came from.
“They live in the water,” replied his
cousin. “On a pleasant evening you
can see many more swimming among
the stones, and the roots of trees, by the
edge of the creek. But, do you know,
that they sometimes come out of the
water, and glide about the meadows.”
“No,” said Samuel; ‘‘do they ?”
“Yes,” replied Thomas. “At night
you may sometimes see a great many

among the grass. One evening last
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 59

summer John and I met a whole com-
pany of them, going from the little creek,
near Daddy Hall’s house, toward the mill
pond. We thought, at first, that they
- were snakes, and so moved out of their
road; but by and by, we perceived that
they were ecls. The weather had been
hot and dry for two weeks before, and
these eels were travelling to find more
water So father told us afterwards.”
The boys now walked on, down the
creek, until they came to a small bridge.
On this a boy, about as large as Samuel,

was standing, throwing stones into the
60 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

water. When Thomas, and the other
two, got near enough, they saw he was
stoning frogs. Every time one of these
little animals put its head above the
water, the boy pelted it with a stone;
and two or three had been mashed to
death, as they sat on the broad stones,
near the water’s edge.

Now, all good boys and girls, who
read this hook, will say that this was a
cruel boy—and so he was. As soon as
John saw what he was about, he called
to him to stop. The boy said he would
not, and stoned harder than before. Then


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STONING FROGS.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 61

John began to grow angry. You re-
member, children, I told you, that though
John was a noble hearted fellow, yet he
was quick of temper; and when he saw
boys doing wrong, he was apt to get
angry very soon, if they did not stop
when they were told. So, seeing that
the boy still threw stones, he called to
him again, louder than before.

“What shall I stop for?” said the boy.

“Because,” said John, as he stepped
on the bridge, ‘‘ you have no business to
stone frogs. What hurt do they do

you ?”
62 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

‘A good deal,” said the boy; and he
threw another stone. =

“T tell you to stop,” replied John;
“this is father’s field, and they are his
frogs, too; and you have no right here,
if you can’t behave yourself.”

The boy now threw off his cap, as if to
fight, and said: “I don’t care for you or
your father either; [ll stone as long as
I please, and no one shall hinder me,”
and as he spoke, he shook his fist in
John’s face. John was now very angry.

“Tf you touch me,” he said, “Tl
throw you, head foremost, over the bridge.

‘
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 63

I tell you to quit stoning frogs, ana you
shall quit.”

Thomas and Samuel now came for-
ward; for they were afraid that there
would be some fighting. John and the
boy stood looking at each other for a
little while; but at last, the boy seeing
that John was not afraid of him, picked
up his hat and walked off, muttering
that he did not care for any body. ‘He
had better go,” said John. When his
brother began to grow calm, Thomas told
him that he ought not to get so angry,
for he could have driven off the boy just
64. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

as well, by speaking quietly to him. “I
have seen him once or twice before,”’
added Thomas, “and I hear that he is a

very bad boy.”


THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. . 65

CHAPTER IX.
THE HARD BATTLE. ©

In coming home by some cherry trees
that stood near the fence, Samuel saw a
little animal, larger than a bat, fly
swiftly from one branch to another. He
asked his cousins if it was not a flying
squirrel. » Thomas answered, ‘“‘ Yes. Se-
veral nests of them are in these trees. If
you could examine one of these squirrels
closely, you would see that its wings, as

they are called, are not like bird’s wings.”

~_

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66 ‘THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

‘“They seem more like a bat’s wings,”
said Samuel.

“So they are,” replied his cousin;
“only thin skins, stretched along the
sides from the fore legs to the hind ones.
But these squirrels cannot fly far, nor
stay long in the air, as bats can. They
merely dart swiftly from one branch to
another.” |
| “What other kinds of squirrels are
there?” asked Samuel.

“The grey squirrel,” said Thomas,
“ much larger than this one. It is not

often found about here, Then the ground
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 67

squirrel, that lives in the ground, instead
of on the trees. The common squirrel,
such as you see running about the fences
and woods; and two or three other kinds.
Some people eat squirrels; but I have
never tasted one.”’

The boys now heard some one scream-
ing, and stopped to listen. ‘It comes
from that field,” said John; “let us run
and see what is the matter.” They did
so, and soon saw that the big dog they
had passed in going to the creek, had
vot out, and was chasing a boy. This

boy was screaming with fear; and John
68 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

perceived that he was the boy who had
been stoning frogs. But the boys ran
with all their might to help him, picking
up such stones and sticks as lay on the
ground, in their way. When they reached
the boy, he was pale with fear, for the
dog was close to him. Samuel also delt
a little afraid; but he joined his two
cousins in trying to beat the dog back.
The fierce animal got John’s stick in his
mouth, and wrenched it out of his hand;
but he kicked it in the jaws, and so kept
it off with his feet, while Thomas and

Samuel struck it over the head with all
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 6Y

their sight. As to the boy, he ran as
hard as he could, until he was out of
sight. Thomas’s stick now broke, but
Samuel ran his down the dog’s throat,
and John ran to bring a great pole which
was lying a little distance off. With this
they kept the dog from biting them, until
some men came running down a lane,
and over into the field. They had seen
the dog run out of the farmer’s yard, and
were anxious to kill it. So they threw
a rope round its neck, and dragged it
away. They said it should be shot. The

boys were very warm, and could scarcely
70 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

get their breath. They walked, there-
fore, to a tree which stood in the field,
and sat down to get cool, and rest them-
selves. Thomas said he would be glad
if the dog were killed, for such an animal
was not fit to keep. “If we had each
had a good stout club,” replied his bro-
ther, “he would never have run after any
of us again.”

They looked for the boy, but he could
not be seen; and after resting them-
selves, they walked home. When Mr.
Harvey heard of their battle with the
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. ral

doz, he said that it was a great blessing
they had not been bitten; for that in
summer the bite of a dog often caused

madness, followed by certain death.


72 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS

CHAPTER X.
ABOUT CORN AND THE USES OF ANIMALS.

Wuen Samuel had been at his uncle’s
about two weeks. Mr. Harvey told him
one morning, that he might go with his
cousins to a field where early corn was
growing and pull some to cook, if it was
ripe. They had a merry time among the
high corn. As they came back to the
house, carrying their basket of ears,
Samuel asked his cousins, why corn was

sometimes called Indian corn.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 73

‘Tt 1s because it formed the chief food
of the Indians, before white men came
to this country,” replied Thomas. “ Fa-
ther says its proper name is maize. It
was first found in this country; and
there are some parts of America where
it is used altogether instead of wheat or
rye. Did you ever taste cakes made
from it?”

“Yes,” said Samuel; ‘they were
sweeter than wheat bread; but I would
not like to eat them every day.”

‘Nor I either,” said John; “but I like

Indian meal with sugar, eggs, and milk
74. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

in it, and then baked brown in the oven.
Don’t you, Samuel ?”

‘I never tasted it that way. But I
think corn is best boiled on the ear, and
eaten with meat and vegetables.”

Mr. Harvey’s library, as I have already
told you, was very large. He spent much
time in the room where it was, either
reading or writing. In the afternoon,
after the boys had gathered the corn, he
called them into this room, and showed
them some beautiful pictures of animals
and countries. While looking at them, ©
Samuel asked him if he thought every
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 78.

animal had been made for some useful
purpose.

“Yes, my boy,” answered his uncle;
“we have reason to believe that even
things which appear to be entirely use-
less, such as gravel stones, or weeds,
have been made by God for some good
end. The more we learn about animals
and plants, the more plainly this ap-
pears. I will show you the picture of a
very curious animal, called a Sloth. It
looks a little hke a bear. Now listen,
boys, to a few words about this animal.

It lives in thick, gloomy forests, so that
76 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

it can scarcely ever be taken. When
placed on the ground it cannot walk,
but drags itself forward, with its fore
legs, crying all the time, as if in great
pain. Its claws are long, and turn up
under its feet. In the woods it lives all
the time on the trees, hanging from a
branch, with its back toward the ground.
Tell me what you think of such an
animal.”
1 think it must be miserable all day
long,” rephed Samuel. 3
“So every one thought, about fifty

years ago,” said Mr. Harvey; but men
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. U7

who have gone to the countries where
sloths are, and seen them in the high
trees, tell a very different story. They
say that the sloth’s home is in the
branches, as much as a fish’s 1s in the
water; and he is there a strong and
happy animal, although he looks so weak
and miserable on the ground. He lives
on fruit, and moves from one branch and
one tree to another, with considerable
swiftness. So you see that the sloth
enjoys himself as well as any of us; and
I have no doubt that he was created for

some good purpose, although we may
78 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

not be able to understand precisely what
it is.

“But do not some animals eat each

ther?” asked Thomas.

“Yes,” replied Mr. Harvey; ‘but this
is of great use toman. What would the
farmer do with all the insects that de-
stroy his grain, if many of them were
not eaten by little birds; and how much
of his fruit would these very birds de-
stroy, if they, too, were not eaten by
hawks! If animals did not destroy each
other, they would soon become so numer-

ous as to crowd man from the earth.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS, WY

CHAPTER XI.
ALICE GRAY.

ONE morning, after the three boys had
taken a pretty long walk, they came to
a small cottage, standing by a garden,
round which was a neat hedge. Part of
this garden was planted with vegetables,
and part with flowers, while many vines
and sweet brier bushes stood before the
cottage door. There were also large,
white roses, which Samuel thought finer

than any he had yet seen; and in a
80 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

corner of the garden farthest from the
house, stood two bee hives. As the boys
passed by, a young woman came out on
the piazza, and asked them in. John
and Thomas had often been here; go
they opened the gate and passed through
with their cousin. The young woman,
whose name was Alice, brought out
chairs, and some new milk in bowls, for
each of them to drink. Then she walked
with them through the garden, showing
them through the flowers, and telling
their names. He was much pleased

with the bee hives; they were made of


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THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 8)

wood, with glass tops, so that the bees
might be seen at work. After watching
them for some time, they returned through
the garden to the cottage door. At this
moment an old lady came to the door,
and spoke to Mr. Harvey’s boys. Samuel
observed that she was very feeble, and
that her voice could scarcely be heard.
She looked like one who had been often
sick. When they left the cottage, he
asked who she was.

“Wer name is Gray,” said Thomas.
“Alice is her daughter. Mrs. Gray’s

husband was a sailor, and when Alice
6
82 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

was about three years old, he went on a
voyage to catch whales, but was lost,
with all the crew. Mrs. Gray was poor,
and had four children; and as no one in
the town where she lived would help her,
she opened a school for little boys and
girls. The money she got by teaching,
supported her family, until her two oldest
children died. Soon after, the poor wo-
man herself became sick, and the school
was closed. Then she moved into this
part of the country, and tried to make
her living by weaving mats out of rushes.
But in the fall, the child older than Alice,
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. —— «BB

died; and Mrs. Gray again grew sick.
Her landlord was a hard hearted man:
~ he turned her out of doors, and the poor
woman would have died, if some neigh-
bors had not taken her in, and provided
for her until she could work for herself.
At last she went to live on one of the
hills that you can see near the iron mine.
She did pretty well that winter; but one
day in the spring, a great freshet ruined
every thing that she had, and almost
carried away her house. Afraid to stay
on the hill any longer, she was about to

go to the city, and ask assistance from
84. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

the societies which give help to poor
people, when some persons, told her to
move to the cottage she is in now, and
that they would pay the rent. She did
so. When Alice grew older, she worked
hard to support her mother, and she it
was who planted all the flowers and
vegetables that you saw in the garden.
Father made her a present of the bee
hives. Every body loves her because
she has so sweet a temper.”

“ And is the old lady still sick?” asked
Samuel.

“Yes,” said his cousin, ‘‘she will never
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 85

be well again. Yet she is happy in hav-_
ing a good daughter and kind friends,
and loves to see the young people, who
sometimes stop to talk or read to her.”
At some distance from the cottage the
boys met a bull in the road. It was
standing still when they first saw it;
but in a little while it began to strike
the ground with its feet, and toss about
its head. Samuel was afraid to go on;
but his cousins told him to follow them,
without attempting to run. As they
passed, the bull looked fiercely at them,
and began to roar; but they walked on,
86 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

keeping their eyes steady on it, all the
while. It continued to make a great
noise, but did not follow them. After
they had passed it, Thomas said they
could then walk as fast as they chose,
lest the bull might follow them. Samuel
asked him, if bulls had not sometimes |
killed people.

“Yes,” he replied, “bulls are danger-
ous when any thing makes them angry.
And at such times, if you run from them
they are sure to follow. They often fight
with each other; and farmer Smith had
a bull killed by another one last spring.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 87

If you meet them in the road, it is best
to face them, without showing any fear.
It is not often that they will attack any
one who has courage enough to look

straight at them.”

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88 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

CHAPTER XII.
LOCUSTS.

Mr. Harvey’s boys had a very fine fig
tree, which had been presented to them
by a friend of their father, and of which
they took great care. It was kept in a
large box, so that it might be placed in
the house during the winter. The boys
expected it would bear fruit next year.
One day John burst into the room where
Thomas, Samuel, and his father were sit-

ting, and exclaimed with a doleful voice:
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 89

“Oh, father, it is dead—eaten by the.
locusts—I found a dozen on it.”

‘“What’s the matter, John?’ said Mr.
Harvey. “What have the locusts eaten ?”

“Our fig tree,” replied John. ‘It is
gone past all remedy. Only come with
me, and you'll see it.

They followed him down the garden
walk. On reaching the fig tree, Mr.
Harvey saw that nearly all its leaves
had been eaten off, with most of the
bark and young branches. Thomas and
Samuel were very sorry, and John said

he would kill every locust he met, from
90 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

that day forward. Mr. Harvey examined
the tree, and found, that although much
damage had been done to it, yet with
proper care, it might be restored. ‘We
ought to have covered it with a net,” he
said to the boys. |

While his father was talking with
Thomas and his cousin, John was stoop-
ing on the ground, hammering something
with a stone. At last Mr. Harvey turned
round, and asked John what he was
doing.

“Tam killing these fine locusts that I
have caught,” replied John.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 91

“Stop, my son,” said Mr. Harvey,
“that is foolish conduct, and very wicked.
You are eiving way to anger and revenge,
two of the worst passions that a youth
can indulge.”

‘But, father, they will eat more trees.”

“The damage that a few locusts can
do, is not much,” answered his father;
“and if we had taken proper care with
the fig tree, they would not have reached
it. Let those under your hat go, and
when we go into the house, I will tell you
about the locusts of the EKastern coun-

tries, of which you might kill as many
92 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

as you chose, if you were there.” John
did as his father bade him, and said he
was Sorry for having acted so foolishly.
Then Mr. Harvey trimmed the fig tree
with his knife, and said he would send a
servant to place a screen over it. When
they came to the house, John reminded
his father of his promise concerning the
locusts. Mr. Harvey took from a shelf
several large pictures of insects, and
laying one on the table, asked his son
what he thought it was.

“It looks like a large grasshopper,”
said John.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 93

“Jt is the locust of the East,” replied
his father. ‘These locusts are shaped
almost exactly like the long-winged
grasshoppers that fly about our fields;
but they are two or three times larger.
What do you think this picture is?”

“Tt seems to be a great cloud of dust.”

“It is a swarm of Eastern locusts.
Hundreds of thousands fly thus together,
darkening the air, and driving every
thing before them. When alighting they
cover the earth for more than a mile
round, and eat every green thing to the

very roots. The noise of their wings is
94. THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

like thunder. They leave the country
like a desert, so that the terrified people
look forward to misery and famine. Men,
women, and children, turn out with oeuns
and stones, to kill them; and sometimes
large fires are kindled for the same pur-
pose. The dead ones are taken by cart
loads to markets, and sold for food.”

“To be eaten, sir!” said Samuel.

“Yes,” replied Mr. Harvey, ‘“ mixed
with butter, and fried in a pan, they
form almost all the meat that the poorer
classes in those countries get.”

“Tts a shocking meal!” said Jonn.
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 95

‘Not so bad as you suppose,” said his
father. ‘Perhaps, if it were not the
custom in this country to eat lobsters or
hogs, we would look upon them with as
much disgust as you do upon locusts.
What do you think of dining off of
spiders ?”

Horrible,” said John. His father
continued :

“JT have read of a man who ate noth-
ing else, when he could get spiders. So
you see that people’s tastes differ. You
know that John Baptist’s food was

locusts and wild honey.”
96 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

“Do the people kill all the locusts in
a swarm ?” asked Thomas.

“No,” said his father, ‘‘a swarm 1s so
large that after hundreds of cart loads —
are taken from it, it seems no smaller.
Generally, the wind drives them into the
sea, where they perish. But their dead
bodies, cast upon shore, become corrupt,
and produce plagues.”

“T wish,” said John, ‘that the wind
would drive all we have into the sea, or
else a good distance from our fig tree.
Who would think that such little animals

could do so much mischief.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 97

“Ts it true that locusts return after
every seventeen years?” asked Samuel.

“Yes,” said Mr. Harvey; ‘but not
the common kind, such as ate the fig
tree. All locusts come from eggs. In
first coming from the egg, they are not
winged, but look like grub worms. After
a while these grubs cast off their skins,
and become locusts. Now, there is a
kind of locust which is seventeen years
in changing from the egg to the full in-
sect. It is this kind which is so numer-
ous every seventeen years. If you go

into the field when they are coming from
7
98 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

the ground, you will see the grass and
plants covered with them.”

“Father,” said John, “why did the
locusts strip all the leaves from the fig
tree, without touching any of the flowers
or bushes around ?”

“T suppose,” said Mr. Harvey, “‘it is
because the fig tree is very tender. It
comes, you know, from warm countries,
and is there the proper food of the locust.
Had there been figs on the tree, they

would, no doubt, have been eaten also.”
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 99

CHAPTER XITI.
THE RETURN HOME.

A rew days after this conversation, a
large fox came, in the evening, into Mr.
Harvey’s barn yard; but as a dog be-
longing to one of the farmers was near,
he was driven off before he could catch
any of the chickens. The boys heard the
noise, and ran down. They saw the fox
running very fast away, while the dog,
which could not follow through the hole

under the fence, had gone round the
100 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

barn, to get into the field. Samuel and
his cousins chased the fox as far as they
could see it, and then returned to the
barn yard to hunt for more. But none
could be found, and they walked up to
the house.

At last the month of August rolled
around, and the holidays drew toward a
close. I have told you only about a few
things that Samuel saw in his walks
around the country with his cousins;
but you perceive that he enjoyed himself .
very much. He also learned a great

deal. I hope, children, that you have
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THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. Lol

also learned something by reading this
book. Samuel tried to remember all
that his uncle and cousins told him, and
often thought of it when he was by him-
self. It would be well if you would do
the same. Have you a little brother, or
sister? See if you can tell it what Mr.
Harvey told Samuel about bats, locusts,
rivers, the rain, and sloths. You may
also tell the story of Alice Gray, and old
Jack the Soldier. |

You remember that Samuel was to Xe)
home at the end of August. Thomas and

John looked very sorrowful as the time
102 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

drew near; for they loved their cousin
very much, and wislied that he could
stay with them altogether. On the last
evening, Mr. Harvey took all the boys to
a branch of the river about seven miles
off, to enjoy a sail in a boat, on the
water. It was a beautiful moonlight
evening, and they rode to the place in a
carriage. Samuel thought that the sight
of the water, sparkling in the moon-
beams, and stretching away so wide and
still, with the dark bushes on each side,
was the finest thing he had yet seen.
When they were in the middle of the
THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS. 103

stream, and gliding slowly down it, Mr.
Harvey and his sons joined in singing
some simple song; and as they had
brought plenty of food with them, they
staid on the water until midnight.

Next morning, Samuel started for
town, at nine o’clock. He had received
many beautiful and useful things from
his cousins, and as he pressed their
hands, and again and again, bade them
good bye, he felt how much he would
miss their company when he would be
in the city. But they promised to write
to each other, and as often as they could,
104 THE SUMMER HOLIDAYS.

send presents from one to another. Then
the horses trotted rapidly down the road,
and Mr. Harvey, with his boys, returned

to the house.






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12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00011.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00011.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00012.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00012.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00013.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00013.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00014.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00014.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00015.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00015.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00016a.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00016a.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00016b.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00016b.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00017.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00017.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00018.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00018.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00019.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00019.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00020.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00020.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00021.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00021.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00022.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00022.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00023.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00023.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00024.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00024.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00025.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00025.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00026.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00026.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00027.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00027.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00028.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00028.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00029.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00029.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00030.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00030.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00031.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00031.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00032.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00032.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00033.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00033.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00034.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00034.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00035.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00035.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00036.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00036.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00037.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00037.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00038.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00038.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00039.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00039.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00040.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00040.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00041.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00041.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00042.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00042.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:42 PM 00043.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00043.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00044.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00044.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00045.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00045.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00046.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00046.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00047.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00047.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00048a.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00048a.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00048b.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00048b.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00049.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00049.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00050.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00050.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00051.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00051.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00052.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00052.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00053.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00053.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00054.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00054.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00055.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00055.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00056.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00056.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00057.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00057.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00058.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00058.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00059.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00059.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00060a.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00060a.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00060b.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00060b.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00061.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00061.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00062.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00062.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00063.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00063.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00064.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00064.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00065.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00065.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00066.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00066.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00067.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00067.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00068.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00068.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00069.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00069.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00070.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00070.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00071.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00071.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00072.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:43 PM 00072.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00073.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00073.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00074.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00074.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00075.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00075.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00076.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00076.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00077.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00077.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00078.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00078.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00079.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00079.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00080a.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00080a.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00080b.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00080b.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00081.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00081.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00082.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00082.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00083.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00083.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00084.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00084.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00085.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00085.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00086.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00086.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00087.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00087.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00088.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00088.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00089.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00089.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00090.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00090.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00091.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00091.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00092.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00092.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00093.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00093.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00094.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00094.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00095.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00095.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00096.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00096.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00097.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00097.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00098.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00098.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00099.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00099.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00100a.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00100a.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00100b.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00100b.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00101.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00101.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00102.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00102.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00103.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00103.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00104.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00104.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:44 PM 00105.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:45 PM 00105.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:45 PM 00106.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:45 PM 00106.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:45 PM 00107.jpg is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:45 PM 00107.jp2 is specified in the METS file but not included in the submission package!

12/15/2014 12:03:45 PM