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Parlour magic

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Title:
Parlour magic
Series Title:
Parlour magic
Creator:
Landells, Ebenezer
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Whitehead and Company, printers
Publication Date:
Language:
English

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University of Florida
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29299078 ( OCLC )
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PARLOUR MAGIC,








To furnish the ingenious youth with the means of relieving
the tediousness of a long winter’s, or a wet summer's
evening,—to enable him to provide, for a party of juvenile
friends, instructive as well as recreative entertainment,
without having recourse to any of the vulgar modes of
killing time,—to qualify the hero of his little circle to
divert and astonish his friends, and, at the same time, to
improve himself, are the principal objects of the follow-

ing little Work.

The boy whose wonder and curiosity have been excited

by the experiments of the scientific lecturer, the illusions
a2



vi PREFACE.

of the ventriloquist, or the deceptions of the exhibitor of
feats of manual dexterity, will here find many of these
mysteries unveiled, and plain directions for performing them,
divested, as far as possible, of scientific or technical lan-
guage. Many of the descriptions are strictly original, and
now, for the first time, appear in print; and especial care
has been taken to introduce only such Experiments as are
adapted for performance at the parlour or drawing-room
table or fire-side, and such as are practicable without
expensive chemical or mechanical apparatus, and require
no implements beyond those which any ingenious youth
may readily furnish from his own resources, or at a

trifling expense.

Another object of these pages is to inform, without
being dryly scientific.—by imparting interesting facts, to
stimulate the young experimentalist to inquire into the laws

that regulate them,—by aiding him to acquire dexterity



PREFACE. Vil

of practice, to smooth the road to the development of
principles,—and, above all, to enable him to escape an
imputation which every boy of spirit would consider the

depth of disgrace,—that of being ‘“ No Conjuror !”










LONDON:
TIL£ AND BOGUE, FLEET STREET.





TRANSMUTATIONS.

Page




The Spectral Lamp .....-+++++
Curious Change of Colours
The Protean Light ........
The Chameleon Flowers ..
To Change the Colours of Flowers...
Changes of the Poppy ....+..++++

To change the Colour of a Rose...
Light changing White into Black
The Visibly growing Acorn ..
Changes in Sap-Green .........
To revive apparently dead Plants.
Singular effect of Tears..
Beauties of Crystalization
To crystalize Camphor ..
Crystalized Tin ........
Crystals in hard Water..
Varieties of Crystals .....
Heat from Crystalization ..
Splendid Sublimation..














COMPS MAHNNVNNAAAH PPP ww] ww Dw

Wine changed into Water... agate 40!
Two colourless transparent ‘Liquids
become black and opaque ......... 10
Two colourless Fluids make a co-
loured one ....
Change of colour by colourless
PIUIAS ......000000 serseeeees teas 10
To change a Blue Liquid to ‘White. . ll
Veritable “ Black” Tea.
Restoration of Colour by Water
The Magic Writing ........
Two Liquids make a Solid ..
Two Solids make a Liquid ............. 12
A solid opaque mass made a trans-
parent Liquid......secssererrsereeeee 12
Two cold Liquids make a hot one ... 12
Quadruple Transmutation ............ 13
Quintuple Transmutation . ise
Combination of Colours..........+++++++
Union of two Metals without heat. « 13
Magic Breath ... a
Two Bitters make a Sweet ...
Visible and Invisible .......... iearesesses 14

















SIGHT AND SOUND.

eooe 15

sresceseerere 16




Single Vision with two Eyes ......... 17
Two objects s€eN 88 ONE «seve 17



x CONTENTS.

Only one Te can be seen at a
CME 2... ceecer cee coee











Pin-hole Focus..
Optical Deception
Accuracy of Sight .
Visual Deception...
Handwriting upon the Wal
Imitative Haloes...... sees
To read a Coin in the asik .
To make @ Prism ....sssee see
Optical Augmentation ....
Gold Fish in a glass Globe . os
Colours produced by the unequal
action of Light upon the _— esneee 24
Optical Deception ....0.s.sessereereer eee
Coloured Shadows ..
Colours of Scratches
Ocular Spectra
Beautiful Colours of Mother of
PRE cenccsnerstscesrestsovensincnicnsnsse SB
White Letters seen further than
Black ....++++
Artificial Rainbow ..
Fringe about a Candle .......... 0
The Double Coloured Reflection .... 28
Luminous Cross ....scsceserscseseseerene 28
Ring of Colours round a Candle...... 28
Simple and Cheap Opera-glass ....... 29
Multiplying Theatres.......0.s.0e+ 29
Apparatus for Writing in the
Dark sevccsere










Page
Portable Microscope ......ssseeeereeee Sl
The Phenakisticope, or Stoboscope... 32
To look at the Sun without injury... 33
Brilliant Water Mirror .........+.. 33
Optical Illusion under Water 33
The Magic Wheels... 34
Acoustic Rainbow ... . 35
Transmission of Sound oe 35
Progress of Sound ...... ous 37
Sound turning Corners.......... 37
To tell the distance of Thunder ...... 38
Hearing by the Touch ........000+. 38


















Conversation for the Deaf. 38
Glass broken by the Voice oo 39
Figures produced by Sound............ 39
Transmitted Vibration ... 40
Double Vibration .......... + 40
Champagne and Sound ...... » 40
Music from Palisades ... . . 41
Theory of the Jew’s Harp... . 41
Music of the Snail .......00.s000 . 42

To tune a Guitar without the assist-
ance of the Ear ........sssesssssere 42
Music from Glass or Metal Rods ... 42
The Tuning-fork a Flute-player..
Musical Bottles ........00
Theory of Whispering
Theory of the Voice ...
Sound along a Wall ...
Sounds more audible by Night than
by Day ....c0e0 45
Musical Echo
Ventriloquism ....










LIGHT AND HEAT.

Flashes of Light upon revolving
Wheels ....... “

Decomposition of Light.

Solar Refraction ....+..0++0++






Theatrical Incantations........0+
To imitate the Light of the Sea ......
Instantaneous Lights... 54
To colour the Flame of a Candle .... 55





CONTENTS. xi

Page

To divide the Flame of a Candle ... 55
Cane Wick Lamp .........seseeeee
Camphor and Platinum Lamp.
Platinum and Ether Lamp ..
Floating Light ............s0000
Substitute for a Wax Taper.
Phosphorescent Fish ......
The Luminous Spectre ...
Light, a Painter ........ccseccseesesseeeee 58
Effect of Light upon Crystalization . 58
Effect of Light on Plants ... ‘

Instantaneous Light upon Ice...
White Light from Zine.......0..0.s0s0
Brilliant Light from two Metals...... 59
Brilliant Light from Steel ...












Light from a Flower...
Light from Sugar ....
Light from the Potato
Light from the Oyster ...
Light from Derbyshire Spar
Light from Oyster-shells ....
Rings of Light in Crystal ...
To strike Light with Cane












Tint changed by Thickness ...



Shadows made darker by increased
Miniature Thunder and Lightning... 64







Heat passing through Glass..
Metals unequally influenced %

Heat ....
Spontaneous Combustion .
Inequality of Heat in Fire-iron’
Expansion of Metal by Heat ..
Evaporation of a Metal.....
A Floating Metal on Fire ..
Heat and Cold from Flannel
Ice melted by Air...
To hold a hot Tea-

Hani sccsssseveszenrves
Incombustible Linen ..
The Burning Circle ...
Water of different Temperatures is

the same Vessel ............000+
Warmth of different Colours
Substitute for Fire.......ccssceereserere 70



eee



CAS AND STEAM.






The Luminous Wand ...

To make Carbonic Acid Gas ...
Carbonic Acid Gas in Wine or Beer
To extinguish Flame with Gas
Effect of Hydrogen on the Voice .
Magic Taper .......
The Gas Candle ...
Gas Bubbles .......



Gas-light in the day-time...........066. 77





Miniature Balloons 77
Miniature Gas-lighting.. 7
Musical Gas .........0000 78

Miniature Will o’-the-wisp

Combustion of Iron in Oxygen Gas. 79
Glow-worm in Oxygen Gas..........

Brilliant Combustion in Oxygen..... 80



xii CONTENTS

Page
Flame from Cold Metale ........0+00.. 81
Phosphorus in Chlorine .... 81
Caoutchouc Balloons .. . 82
To increase the light of Coal Gas . 82
Gas from Indian Rubber ...... . 82
Ether Gas .. . 83
Magic Vapour . . 83
Gas from the Union of Metals . 83
Invisible Gases made Visible . &
Light under Water.......cscesseseseee 84







FIRE, WATER,


















Coloured Flames 91
Yellow Flame........ 92
Orange-coloured Flame .. 92
Emerald Green Flame. 92
Instantaneous Flame ... - 92
The Cup of Flame........ seve 93
To cool Flame by Metal . 93
Proof that Flame is Hollow . 93
Camphor sublimed by Flame. 93
Green Fire .........s000

Brilliant Red Fire.. 94
Purple Fire 94
Silver Fire ........00. 95
The Fiery Fountain .. 95
The Artificial Conflagration 95
Inflammable Powder .........++++« 95
Combustion without Flame .... 96

Combustion of Three Metals ......... 96
To make Paper Incombustible .. 96
Singular ie aR with Glass

Tubes ... 96
Aquatic Bomb .. ven 97
Heat not to be estimated “by

Touch..... nierenee (Or
Flame upon Water .. coovee 98



Rose-coloured Flame on Water cere 98

4







Gaseous Evanescence...........
Violet-coloured Gas ..
To collect Gases ...
The Deflagrating Spoon..
What is Steam ?.. ase
The Steam Engine simpli .
To boil Water by Steam .
Distillation in Miniature
Candle or Fire Crackers
Steam from the Kettle ........ssesssress



AND AIR.

To set a Mixture on Fire with




Water oosecseovss 98
Waves of Fire on ‘Water 98
Explosion in Water 99

Water from the Flame ofa Candle... 99
Formation of Water by Fire ......... 99























Boiling upon Cold Water . - 99
Currents in Boiling Water - 100
Hot Water lighter than Cold - 100
Expansion of Water by Cold - 100
The Cup of Tantalus ... - 101
Imitative Diving Bell ... . 101
The Water-proof Sieve... 102
More than full ..........0 - 102
To cause Wine aca Water to
change places ....... see 102
Pyramid of Alum... - 102
Visible Vibration ...... - 103
Charcoal in Sugar ...... 104
Floating Needles + 104
Water in a Sling ... 104
Attraction in a Glass of Water ...... 104

To prevent Cork floating in Water... 105
Instantaneous Freezing ........ » 105
To freeze Water with Ether 105
Production of Nitre .....csssseereeeee 106







CONTENTS. xi

Page
Curious Transposition .........0+++ ave 106
Animal Barometer . ++ 106
Magic Soap ... 106




Equal Ereanite ‘of Water. we 107
To empty a Glass under Water...... 107
To empty a Glass of Water without

touching it. «. 107











Decomposition of Water. 108
Water heavier than Wine 108
To inflate a Bladder without Air... 108
Air and Water Balloon. - 108
Heated Air Balloon .... . 109
The Pneumatic Tinder-box . 109
The Bacchus Experiment 109
The Mysterious Circles - 110
Prince Rupert’s Drops........++s0e0 112

SLEIGHTS AND

The Ring and the Handkerchief... 125
The Knotted Handkerchief 126
The Invisible Springs .... 128
The Miraculous Apple. 129
The Self-balanced Pail........... 130
The Phantom at command 130
The Miraculous Shilling... . 132
The Locomotive Shilling. 133
The Penetrative Sixpence 134
The Vanishing Sixpence ... . 134
Tomake a Sixpence balance and aor
on its edge on the point of a Needle 135
The Multiplying Coin wwe 135
The Wonderful Hat.. . 136
To bring a Person down apo a
Feather... poaeeseeseensncee . 136
The netentt Impossibility... . 137
An Omelet Cooked in a Hat | over
the Flame of a Candle ... . 187
The Impossible Omelet ... - 138
Go if you can........06. . 138
The Figure Puzzle .. 138






























Vegetable Hygrometer......
The Pneumatic Dancer
The Ascending Snake ...
The Pneumatic Phial ......
Resin Bubbles
Moisture of the Atmosphere
Climates of a ROOM .........s+cereee ee
Bubbles in Champagne ...........0. 116
Proofs that Air is a heavy Fluid.... 116
To support a Pea on Air ..........066 117
Pyrophorus, or Air-tinder eas V7
Beauty of a Soap-bubble ... eos 118
Why a Guinea falls more quickly
than a Feather through the Air... 119
Solidity of Air . eves - 120
Breathing and Smelling .. . 120









SUBTLETIES.

The Visible Invisible .
The Double Meaning..
Quite tired out ..........
Something out of the Common
To rub one Sixpence into two .
Magic Circle .
The Forcing Feat..
The Nerve Feat ......
The Turn-over Feat. wn
To tell the Name of a Card

thought Of .......rccrccsrcrrrerserereree 144
A Card thought of by one Person, to

be found in a part of the Pack

named by another Person .......... 145
To tell the Names of the Cards by

the Weight .......ccccseserercerseseee 146
The Queens going to dig for

Diamonds .. sone . 148
The Card in the Egg deinaaenesn - 149
The Ingenious Confederacy os 152
The Changeable Cards 153
Hold it Fast!” cs. ssseseees















xiv CONTENTS.









































MELANGE.

Page Page
Illusions of Touch .. « 161 Glass broken by Sand .....-..seesee 172
IQusion of the Taste .. 162 To bleach Ivory.. . 172
The General Bleacher ... . 162 Vanishing Shells . wwe 172
Influence of coloured Glass on The Magic Egg ....... avoceonce, 0M
Dulbous Roots.....sssscecereerersere 163 The Magic — . soosse 178
The Spinning-top ‘ asleep” . 163 Magic Porcelain... «(175
To judge ofgWeights .......+++ . 164 A Galvanic Tongue. i wee 176
Quicksilver and Oil united... . 164 Drinking Porter out of Pewter: vee 176
To dissolve the Soda in Glass. 164 Electric or Galvanic Preservation.. 176
Waterproof Paper... cose we 165 Light from the Diamond.. renee Dee

To dissolve Gold or Platinum denen 165 To break a Stone with a oe of
Colder than Ice .......:::+0 165 iy FAME cssnca vevseaniosees 177
Contra-crystalization . 165 Mimic Frost-work . ae iT
One and one do not make two ...... 166 To melt Lead in a piece of Paper... 178
To copy Writing instantly... 166 Hydrostatic Balance ... we 128
The Rival Dials ...........» 166 Metallic Reduction .... ee 179

To spin Indian Rubber . 166 Electrical Attraction and Re-
Indelible Writing .... 167 pulsion ........0+ ens |)
Vegetable Anatomy... eseeees - 167 Alchemical Biectrclty. 180
To tell what o’Clock it is by the The Electric Balls... 1ateceee ee
MOON osesesesoeceseeceeoes - 168 The Electric Dance . cccosscre 163

169
169



The Physiognotype coseees
Infinite Divisibility of Matter .
Holding the Breath .......... 170
Sand in the Hour-Glass .... - 170
Resistance of Sand ........seseeeereee 171









Electric Light...........++ we 181
Electric Light from Brown Payer. +. 182
Sudden Production of Light ......... 182
Electricity of the Cat ....sssseesceee 182













IOS

She RY
Re Af Gxda

TRANSMUTATIONS.
—=?>>1n— >

THE SPECTRAL LAMP.









yet some common salt with spirit of wine in a
BK platinum or metallic cup; set the cup upon
Â¥ A, 8 wire frame over a spirit-lamp, which should
BS be inclosed on each side, or in a dark-lan-

sNeey ad) tern: when the cup becomes heated, and the
RSS spirit ignited, it will burn with a strong yellow
flame; if, however, it should not be perfectly

yellow, throw more salt into the cup. The lamp being thus pre-
pared, all other lights should be extinguished, and the yellow
lamp introduced, when an appalling change will be exhibited ;
all the objects in the room will be but of one colour, and the com-
plexions of the several persons, whether old or young, fair or
brunette, will be metamorphosed to a ghastly, death-like, yellow ;
whilst the gayest dresses, as the brightest crimson, the choicest
lilac, the most vivid blue or green—all will be changed into
one monotony of yellow: each person will be inclined to laugh

0G







2 TRANSMUTATIONS.

at his neighbour, himself insensible of being one of the spectral
company.

Their astonishment may be heightened by removing the yellow
light to one end of the room, and restoring the usual or white light
at the other; when one side of each person’s dress will resume
its original colour, while the other will remain yellow; one cheek
may bear the bloom of health, and the other, the yellow of jaundice.
Or if, when the yellow light only is burning, the white light be
introduced within a wire sieve, the company and the objects in the
apartment will appear yellow, mottled with white.

Red light may be produced by mixing with the spirit in the cup
over the lamp, salt of strontian instead of common salt; and the
effect of the white or yellow lights, if introduced through a sieve
upon the red light, will be even more striking than the white upon
the yellow light.

CURIOUS CHANGE OF COLOURS.

Let there be no other light than a taper in the room; then put
on a pair of dark green spectacles, and having closed one eye, view
the taper with the other. Suddenly remove the spectacles, and
the taper will assume a bright red appearance ; but, if the specta-
cles be instantly replaced, the eye will be unable to distinguish
any thing for a second or two. The order of colours will, therefore,
be as follows :—green, red, green, black.

THE PROTEAN LIGHT.
Soak a cotton wick in a strong solution of salt and water, dry it,
place it in a spirit-lamp, and, when lit, it will give a bright yellow
light for a long time. If you look through a piece of blue glass at



TRANSMUTATIONS. 3

the flame, it will lose all its yellow light, and you will only per-
ceive feeble violet rays. If, before the blue glass, you place a pale
yellow glass, the lamp will be absolutely invisible, though a candle
may be distinctly seen through the same glasses.

THE CHAMELEON FLOWERS.

Trim a spirit-lamp, add a little salt to the wick, and light it.
Set near it a scarlet geranium, and the flower will appear yellow.
Purple colours, in the same light, appear blue.

TO CHANGE THE COLOURS OF FLOWERS,

Hold over a lighted match, a purple columbine, or a blue
larkspur, and it will change first to pink, and then to black. The
yellow of other flowers, held as above, will continue unchanged.
Thus, the purple tint will instantly disappear from a heart’s-ease,
but the yellow will remain; and the yellow of a wall-flower will
continue the same, though the brown streak will be discharged.
If a scarlet, crimson, or maroon dahlia be tried, the colour will
change to yellow; a fact known to gardeners, who, by this mode,
variegate their growing dahlias.

CHANGES OF THE POPPY.

Some flowers, which are red, become blue by merely bruising
them. Thus, if the petals of the common corn-poppy be rubbed
upon white paper, they will stain it purple, which may be made
green by washing it over with a strong solution of potash in water.
Put poppy petals into very dilute muriatic acid, and the infusion
will be of a florid red colour; by adding a little chalk, it will
become of the colour of port wine; and this tint, by the addition
of potash, may be changed to green or yellow.

B2



4 TRANSMUTATIONS.

TO CHANGE THE COLOUR OF A ROSE.

Hold a red rose over the blue flame of a common match, and
the colour will be discharged wherever the fume touches the leaves
of the flower, so as to render it beautifully variegated, or entirely
white. If it be then dipped into water, the redness, after a time,
will be restored.

LIGHT CHANGING WHITE INTO BLACK.

Write upon linen with permanent ink (which is a strong
solution of nitrate of silver), and the characters will be scarcely
visible; removeé@he linen into a dark room, and they will not
change ; but expose them to a strong light, and they will be inde-
libly black.

THE VISIBLY GROWING ACORN.

Cut a circular piece of card to fit the top of a hyacinth glass,
so as to rest upon the ledge, and exclude the air. Pierce a hole
} through the centre of the card, and pass
through it a strong thread, having a small
piece of wood tied to one end, which, rest-
ing transversely on the card, prevents its
being drawn through. To the other end of
the thread attach an acorn; and, having
half filled the glass with water, suspend
the acorn at a short distance from the
surface.

The glass must be kept in a warm
room; and, in a few days, the steam
which has generated in the glass will
hang from the acorn in a large drop.
Shortly afterwards, the acorn will. burst,
the root will protrude and thrust itself into





TRANSMUTATIONS, 5

the water; and, in a few days more, a stem will shoot out at the
other end, and, rising upwards, will press against the card, in
which an orifice must be made to allow it to pass through. From
this stem, small leaves will soon be observed to sprout; and, in
the course of a few weeks, you will have a handsome oak plant,
several inches in height.

CHANGES IN SAP GREEN.

Sap green is the inspissated juice of the buckthorn berries: if
a little carbonate of soda be dropped into it, the colour will be
changed from green to yellow; it may be reddened by acids, and
its green colour restored by chalk.

TO REVIVE APPARENTLY DEAD PLANTS.

Make a strong solution of camphor in spirit of wine, which
add to soft water, in the proportion of a dram to a pint. If
withered, or apparently dead plants be put into this liquid, and
allowed to remain therein from two to three hours, they will
revive.

SINGULAR EFFECT OF TEARS.

If tears are dropped on a dry piece of paper, stained with the
juice of the petals of mallows or violets, they will change the paper
to a permanently green colour,

BEAUTIES OF CRYSTALLIZATION, -

Dissolve alum in hot water until no more can be dissolved in
it; place in it a smooth glass rod and a stick of the same size;
next day, the stick will be found covered with crystals, but the
glass rod will be free from them : in this case, the crystals cling to
the rough surface of the stick, but have no hold upon the smooth



6 TRANSMUTATIONS.

surface of the glass rod. But if the rod be roughened with a file
at certain intervals, and then placed in the alum and water, the
crystals will adhere to the rough surfaces, and leave the smooth
bright and clear.

Tie some threads of lamp-cotton irregularly around a copper
wire or glass rod; place it in a hot solution of blue vitriol, strong
as above, and the threads will be covered with beautiful blue
crystals, while the glass rod will be bare.

Bore a hole through a piece of coke, and suspend it by a
string from a stick, placed across a hot solution of alum; it will
float; but, as it becomes loaded with crystals, it will sink in the
solution according to the length of the string. Gas-coke has
mostly a smooth, shining, and almost metallic surface, which the
crystals will avoid, while they will cling only to the most irregular
and porous parts.

If powdered turmeric be added to the hot solution of alum, the
crystals will be of a bright yellow; litmus will cause them to be
of a bright red; logwood will yield purple; and common writing
ink, black; and ‘the more muddy the solution, the finer will be
the crystals,

Tokeep coloured alum crystals from breaking, or losing their
colour, place them under a glass shade with a saucer of water ;
this will preserve the atmosphere moist, and prevent the crystals
getting too dry.

If crystals be formed on wire, they will be liable to break off,
from the expansion and contraction of the wire by changes of
temperature.



TRANSMUTATIONS. 7

TO CRYSTALLIZE CAMPHOR,.

Dissolve camphor in spirit of wine, moderately heated, until the
spirit will not dissolve any more; pour some of the solution into
a cold glass, and the camphor will instantly crystallize in beautiful
tree-like forms, such as we see in the show-glasses of camphor in
druggists’ windows.

CRYSTALLIZED TIN.

Mix half an ounce of nitric acid, six drams of muriatic acid,
and two ounces of water; pour the mixture upon a piece of tin
plate previously made hot, and, after washing it in the mixture, it
will bear a beautiful crystalline surface, in feathery forms. This
is the celebrated moirée metallique, and, when varnished, is made
into ornamental boxes, &c. The figures will vary according to the
degree of heat previously given to the metal.

CRYSTALS IN HARD WATER,

Hold in a wine-glass of hard water, a crystal of oxalic acid,
and white threads will instantly descend through the liquid, sus-
pended from the crystal.

VARIETIES OF CRYSTALS.

Make distinct solutions of common salt, nitre, and alum; set
them in three saucers in any warm place, and let part of the water
dry away or evaporate ; then remove them to a warm room, The
particles of the salts in each saucer will begin to attract each
other, and form crystals, but not all of the same figure: the
common salt will yield crystals with six square and equal faces,
or sides; the nitre, six-sided crystals; and the alum, eight-sided
crystals; and if these crystals be dissolved over and over again,
they will always appear in the same forms.



8 TRANSMUTATIONS.

HEAT FROM CRYSTALLIZATION.

Make a strong solution of Epsom salts in hot water, and while
warm, bottle it, cork it closely, and it will remain liquid ; draw out
the cork, when the salts will immediately crystallize, and, in the
process, the remaining liquid and the bottle will become very
warm.

SPLENDID SUBLIMATION,

Put into a flask a small portion of iodine; hold the flask over
the flame of a spirit-lamp, and, from the state of rich ruby crystals,
the iodine, on being heated, will become a ruby-coloured trans-
parent gas ; but, in cooling, will resume its crystalline form.

ARTIFICIAL ICE.

Mix four ounces of nitrate of ammonia, and four ounces of
subcarbonate of soda, with four ounces of water, in a tin vessel,
and in three hours the mixture will produce ten ounces of ice.

MAGIC INKS,

Dissolve oxide of cobalt in acetic acid, to which add a little
nitre ; write with this solution; hold the writing to the fire, and it
will be of a pale rose colour, which will disappear on cooling.

Dissolve equal parts of sulphate of copper and muriate of
ammonia in water ; write with the solution, and it will give a yellow
colour when heated, which will disappear when cold.

Dissolve nitrate of bismuth in water ; write with the solution,
and the characters will be invisible when ~ but will become
legible on immersion in water.



TRANSMUTATIONS. 9

Dissolve, in water, muriate of cobalt, which is of a bluish-green
colour, and the solution will be pink; write with it, and the
characters will be scarcely visible ; but, if gently heated, they will
appear in brilliant green, which will disappear as the paper cools.

CHAMELEON LIQUIDS.

Put a small portion of the compound called mineral chameleon
into several glasses, pour upon each water at different tempera-
tures, and the contents of each glass will exhibit a different shade
of colour. A very hot solution will be of a beautiful green colour ;
a cold one, a deep purple.

Make a colourless solution of sulphate of copper; add to it a
little ammonia, equally colourless, and the mixture will be of an
intense blue colour; add to it a little sulphuric acid, and the blue
colour will disappear; pour in a little solution of caustic ammonia,
and the blue colour will be restored. Thus may the liquor be
thrice changed at pleasure.

THE MAGIC DYES.

Dissolve indigo in diluted sulphuric acid, and add to it an
equal quantity of solution of carbonate of potass. If a piece of
white cloth be dipped in the mixture, it will be changed to blue;
yellow cloth, in the same mixture, may be changed to green; red
to purple, and blue litmus paper to red.

Nearly fill a wine-glass with the juice of beet-root, which is
of a deep red colour; add a little lime water, and the mixture will
be colourless ; dip into it a piece of white cloth, dry it rapidly, and
in a few hours the cloth will become red.



10 TRANSMUTATIONS;

WINE CHANGED INTO WATER.

Mix a little solution of subacetate of lead with port wine ;
filter the mixture through blotting paper, and a colourless liquid
will pass through ; to this add a small quantity of dry salt of tartar,
when a spirit will rise, which may be inflamed on the surface of
the water.

TWO COLOURLESS TRANSPARENT LIQUIDS BECOME BLACK
AND OPAQUE.

Have in one vessel some sulphuric acid, and in another an
infusion of nut-galls; they are both colourless and transparent ;
mix them, and they will become black and opaque.

TWO COLOURLESS FLUIDS MAKE A COLOURED ONE.

Put into a wine-glass of water, a few drops of prussiate of .
potash ; and into a second glass of water, a little weak solution of
sulphate of iron in water: pour the colourless mixtures together
into a tumbler, and they will be immediately changed to a bright
deep blue colour.

Or, mix the solution of prussiate of potash with that of nitrate
of bismuth, and a yellow will be the product.

Or, mix the solution of prussiate of potash with that of sulphate
of copper, and the mixture will be of a reddish brown colour.

CHANGE OF COLOUR BY COLOURLESS FLUIDS.

Three different colours may be produced from the same in-
fusion, merely by the addition of three colourless fluids. Slice
a little red cabbage, pour boiling water upon it, and when cold,
decant the clear infusion, which divide into three wine-glasses :
to one, add a small quantity of solution of alum in water; to the
second, a little solution of potash in water; and to the third, a few



TRANSMUTATIONS. 11

drops of muriatic acid. The liquor in the first glass will assume a
purple colour, the second, a bright green, and the third, a rich
crimson.

Put a dram of powdered nitrate of cobalt into a phial containing
an ounce of the solution of caustic potass ; cork the phial, and the
liquid will assume a blue colour, next a lilac, afterwards a peach
colour, and lastly a light red.

TO CHANGE A BLUE LIQUID TO WHITE.

Dissolve a small lump of indigo in sulphuric acid, by the aid
of moderate heat, and you will obtain an intense blue colour ; add
adrop of this to half a pint of water, so as to dilute the blue ;
then pour some of it into strong chloride of lime, and the blue will
be bleached with almost magical velocity.

VERITABLE “ BLACK” TEA.

Make a cup of strong green tea; dissolve a little green cop-
peras in water, which add to the tea, and its colour will be black.

RESTORATION OF COLOUR BY WATER.

Water being a colourless fluid, ought, one would imagine, when
mixed with other substances of no decided colour, to produce a
colourless compound. Nevertheless, it is to water only that blue
vitriol,’ or sulphate of copper, owes its vivid blueness, as will be
plainly evinced by the following simple experiment. Heat a few
crystals of the vitriol in a fire shovel, pulverize them, and the
powder will be of a dull and dirty white appearance. Pour a little
water upon this, when a slight hissing noise will be heard, and at
the same moment, the blue colour will instantly re-appear.

Under the microscope, the beauty of this experiment will be
increased, for the instant that a drop of water is placed in contact



12 TRANSMUTATIONS.

with the vitriol, the powder may be seen to shoot into blue prisms.
If a crystal of prussiate of potash be similarly heated, its yellow
colour will vanish, but re-appear on being dropped into water.

THE MAGIC WRITING.

Dissolve a small portion of green-copperas in water, and soak
in it sheets of writing paper, so as to allow them to be taken out
whole, and then dried; then, cover the paper with very finely
powdered galls, and write on it with a pen dipped in water; when
dry, brush off the galls, and the writing will appear.

TWO LIQUIDS MAKE A SOLID.

Dissolve muriate of lime in water until it will dissolve no more ;
make also a similar solution of carbonate of potash; both will be
transparent fluids ; but if equal quantities of each be mixed and
stirred together, they will become a solid mass.

TWO SOLIDS MAKE A LIQUID,

Rub together in a mortar, equal quantities of the crystals of
Glauber’s salts. and nitrate of ammonia, and the two salts will slowly
become a liquid.

A SOLID OPAQUE MASS MADE A TRANSPARENT LIQUID.

Take the solid mixture of the solutions of muriate of lime and
carbonate of potash, pour upon it a very little nitric acid, and the
solid opaque mass will be changed to a transparent liquid.

TWO COLD LIQUIDS MAKE A HOT ONE.

Mix four drams of sulphuric acid (oil of vitriol), with one
dram of cold water, suddenly, in a cup, and the mixture will be
nearly half as hot again as boiling water.



TRANSMUTATIONS. 13

QUADRUPLE TRANSMUTATION.

Dissolve a small piece of nickel in nitric acid, and it will
appear of a fine grass-green colour; add to it a little ammonia,
and a blue precipitate will be formed; this will change to a purple-
red in a few hours, and the addition of any acid will convert it to
an apple-green.

QUINTUPLE TRANSMUTATION.

Heat potassium over the flame of a spirit-lamp, and the colour
will change from white to a bright azure, thence to a bright blue,
green, and olive.

COMBINATION OF COLOURS.

Cut out a disk or circle of pasteboard, and cover it with paper
half green and half black: cause the disk to be rapidly turned
round (like the shafts of a toy windmill,) and the colours will
combine and produce white.

UNION OF TWO METALS WITHOUT HEAT.

Cut a circular piece of gold leaf, called, ‘“ dentist's gold,” about
half an inch in diameter ; drop upon it a globule of mercury, about
the size of a small pea, and if they be left for a short time, the
gold will lose its solidity and yellow colour, and the mercury its
liquid form, making a soft mass of the colour of mercury.

MAGIC BREATH.

Half fill a glass tumbler with lime water; breathe into it
frequently, at the same time stirring it with a piece of glass. The
fluid, which before was perfectly transparent, will presently become
quite white, and, if allowed to remain at rest, real chalk will be
deposited.



14 TRANSMUTATIONS.

TWO BITTERS MAKE A SWEET.

It has been discovered, that a mixture of nitrate of silver
with hypo-sulphate of soda, both of which are remarkably bitter,
will produce the sweetest known substance.

VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE.

Write with French chalk on a looking glass; wipe it with a
handkerchief, and the lines will disappear; breathe on it, and
they will re-appear. This alternation will take place for a great
number of times, and after the lapse of a considerable period.











SIGHT AND SOUND.

—_0o—

ARTIFICIAL MIRAGE.

:HE mirage is an optical phenomenon, produced

















eh" Ge) by the refractive power of the atmosphere.
SA PA@ The appearance presented is that of the double

®) Cy) NG) 5, image of an object in the air; one of the images.
eee %) being in the natural position, and the other in-
(Oia YIM Fox) verted, so as to resemble a natural object and



its image in the water. The mirage is com-
monly vertical, or upright, that is, presenting the appearance,
above described, of one object over another, like a ship above
its shadow in the water. Sometimes, however, the image is
horizontal, or upon the water, and at other times, it is seen on
the right or left-hand of the real object, or on both sides.

All the effects of the mirage may be represented artificially
to the eye. For this purpose, provide a glass tumbler two-thirds
full of water, and pour spirit of wine upon it; or pour into a
tumbler some syrup, and fill it up with water: as the water and



16 SIGHT AND SOUND.

spirit, or the syrup and water incorporate, they will produce a
refractive power; then, by looking through the mixed or inter-
mediate liquids at any object held behind the tumblers, its inverted
image may be seen. The same effect, Dr. Wollaston has shewn,
may be produced by looking along the side of a red-hot poker at a
word or object ten or twelve feet distant. At a distance less than
three-eighths of an inch from the line of the poker, an inverted
image was seen; and within and without that, an erect image.

The above phenomena may likewise be illustrated, by holding
a heated iron above a tumbler of water, until the whole becomes
changed; then withdraw the iron, and, through the water, the
phenomena of the mirage may be seen in the finest manner.

Or, look directly above the footlights of the stage of a theatre,
the flame of a candle, or over the glass of a lighted lamp, and a tre-
mulous motion may be observed ; because the warm air rises, and its
refracting power being less than that of the colder air, the currents
are rendered visible by the distortion of objects viewed through
them. The same effect is observable over chimney pots, and
slated roofs which have been heated by the sun.

MOTION OF THE EYE.

On entering a room, we imagine that we see the whole side
of it at once, as the cornice, the pattern of the paper-hanging,
pictures, chairs, &c., but we are deceived ; for each object is rapidly,
but singly presented to the eye, by its constant motion. If the
eye were steady, vision would be lost. For example, fix the eye
on one point, and you will find the whole scene become more and
more obscure, till it vanishes. Then, if you change the direction
of the eye ever so little, at once the whole scene will be again
perfect before you.



SIGHT AND SOUND. 17

SINGLE VISION WITH TWO EYES.

As we have two eyes, and a separate image of every external
object is formed in each, it may be asked, Why do we not see
double? The answer is, It is a matter of habit. Habit alone
teaches us, that the sensations of sight correspond to anything
external, and shews to what they correspond. Thus, place a wafer
on a table before you; direct your eyes to it, that is, bring its image
on both retinze to those parts which habit has ascertained to be the
most sensible, and best situated for seeing distinctly, and you will
see only the single wafer. But, while looking at the wafer, squeeze
the upper part of one eye downwards, by pressing on the eyelid
with the finger, and thereby forcibly throw the image on another
part of the retina of that eye, and double vision will be immediately
produced; that is, two wafers will be distinctly seen, which will
appear to recede from each other as the pressure is stronger, and
approach, and finally blend into one, as it is relieved. The same
effect may be produced without pressure, by directing the eyes to
a point nearer to, or farther from them, than the wafer; the optic
axes, in this case, being both directed away from the object seen.

TWO OBJECTS SEEN AS ONE.

On a sheet of black paper, or other dark ground, place two
white wafers, having their centres three inches distant. Vertically
above the paper, and to the deft, look with the right eye, at twelve
inches from it, and so that, when looking down on it, the line
joining the two eyes shall be parallel to that joining the centre of
the wafers. In this situation, close the left eye, and look full with
the right perpendicularly at the wafer below it, when this wafer
only will be seen, the other being completely invisible. But, if it
be removed ever so little from its place, either to the right or left,

c



18 SIGHT AND SOUND.

above or below, it will become immediately visible, and start, as it °
were, into existence. The distances here set down may, perhaps,
vary slightly in different eyes.

Upon this curious effect, Sir John Herschel observes: “ It will
cease to be thought singular, that this fact of the absolute invisi-
bility of objects in a certain point of the field of view of each eye,
should be one of which not one person in ten thousand is apprised,
when we learn, that it is nof extremely uncommon to find persons
who have for some time been totally blind with one eye, without
being aware of the fact.”

ONLY ONE OBJECT CAN BE SEEN AT A TIME.

Look at the pattern of the paper-hanging of a room, a picture,
or almost any other object in it; then, without altering your position,
call to mind the magnificent dome of St. Paul’s Cathedral; the
pattern of the paper-hanging, or the subject of the picture, though
actually impressed on the retina of the eye, will be momentarily
lost sight of by the mind; and, during the instant, the recollected
image of the dome rising from the dingy roofs of London, will be
distinctly seen, but in indistinct colouring and outline. When
the object of the recollection is answered, the dome will quickly
disappear, and the paper-hanging pattern, or the picture, again
resume the ascendancy.

STRAIGHT OBJECTS SEEN CROOKED.

Look through a series of vertical bars, as those of a palisade, or
of a Venetian window-blind, at the wheel of a carriage passing
along the street, and the spokes of the wheel, instead of appearing
straight, as they naturally would do, if no bars intervened, seem to



SIGHT AND SOUND. 19

be of a curved form. The velocity of the wheel must not be so
great as to prevent the eye from following the spokes as they
revolve.

Again, when the disk of the wheel, instead of being marked by
a number of radiant lines, has only one radius marked upon it, it
presents the appearance, when rolled behind the bars, of a number
of radii, each having the curvature corresponding to its situation,
their number being the same as that of the bars through which you
look at the wheel. It is, therefore, evident that the several por-
tions of one and the same line, seen through the intervals of the
bars, form, on the retina of the eye, so many different radii.

OPTICAL ILLUSION.

Shut one eye, direct the other to any fixed point, as the head
of a pin, and you will indistinctly see all other objects. Suppose
one of these to be a strip of white paper, or a pen lying upon a
table covered with a green cloth: either of them will disappear
altogether, as if taken off the table; for the impression of the green
cloth will entirely extend itself over that part of the retina which
the image of the pen occupied. The vanished pen will, however,
shortly re-appear, and again vanish; and the same effect will take
place when both eyes are open, though not so readily as with one
eye.

PIN-HOLE FOCUS.

Make a pin-hole in a card, which hold between a candle and a
piece of white paper, in a dark room, when an exact representation
of the flame, but inverted, will be seen depicted upon the paper,
and be enlarged as the paper is drawn from the hole ; and if, in a

: c2



20 SIGHT AND SOUND.

dark room, a white screen or sheet of paper be extended at a few
feet from a small round hole, an exact picture of all external objects,
of their natural colours and forms, will be seen traced on the screen;
moving objects being represented in motion, and stationary ones
at rest.

OPTICAL DECEPTIONS.

Prick a hole in a card with a needle; place the same needle
near the eye, in a line with the card-hole, look by daylight at the
end of the needle, and it will appear to be behind the card, and
reversed.

Prick a hole with a pin in a black card, place it very near the
eye, look through it at any small object, and it will appear larger
as itis nearer the eye; while, if we observe it without the card,
it will appear sensibly of the same magnitude at all parts of the
room.

ACCURACY OF SIGHT.

Rule a short line upon a slate, and upon another slate, rule
another line, one-eleventh longer than the first: a person possessing
what is called ‘‘a true eye,” may perceive the difference in length,
even though fifty or sixty seconds elapse between looking at the
first and the second lines. If they differ only one-twentieth, then
an interval of thirty-five seconds may elapse without destroying the
judgment; but, if it be longer, the estimate will be incorrect.
When the difference between the lines amounts only to one-fiftieth,
an interval of three seconds between the examination of each, is
the longest that can be allowed without interfering with the cor-
rectness of the comparison.



SIGHT AND SOUND. 21

VISUAL DECEPTION.

Let a room be only lit by the feeble gleam of a fire, almost
extinguished, and the eye will see with difficulty the objects in
the apartment, from the small degree of light with which they
happen to be illuminated. The more exertion is made to ascertain
what these objects are, as by fixing the eye more steadily upon them,
the greater will be the difficulty in accomplishing it. The eye will
be painfully agitated, the object will swell and contract, and partly
disappear, but will again become visible when the eye has recovered
from its delirium.

HAND-WRITING UPON THE WALL.

Cut the word or words to be shewn, out of a thick card or
pasteboard, place it before a lighted lamp, and the writing will be
distinctly seen upon the wall of the apartment.

IMITATIVE HALOES,

Look at a candle, or any other luminous body, through a plate
of glass, covered with vapour, or dustin a finely divided state, and
it will be surrounded with a ring of colours, like a halo round the
sun or moon. These rings increase with the size of the particles
which produce them ; and their brilliancy and number depend on
the uniform size of these particles.

Or, haloes may be imitated by crystalizing various salts upon thin
plates of glass, and looking through the plate at a candle or the sun.
For example, spread a few drops of a strong solution of alum
over a plate of glass so as to crystalize quickly, and cover it witha
crust scarcely visible to the eye. Then place the eye close behind



22 SIGHT AND SOUND.

the smooth side of the glass plate, look through it at a candle, and
you will perceive three fine haloes at different distances, encircling
the flame.

TO READ A COIN IN THE DARK.

By the following simple method, the legend or inscription upon
a coin may be read in absolute darkness. Polish the surface of
any silver coin as highly as possible ; touch the raised parts with
aqua-fortis, so as to make them rough, taking care that the parts
not raised retain their polish. Place the coin thus prepared upon
red-hot iron, remove it into a dark room, and the figure and
inscription will become more luminous than the rest, and may be
distinctly seen and read by the spectator. If the lower parts of the
coin be roughened with the acid, and the raised parts be polished,
the effect will be reversed, and the figure and inscription will appear
dark, or black upon a light or white ground.

This experiment will be more surprising if made with an old
coin, from which the figure and inscription have been obliterated ;
for when the coin is placed upon the red-hot iron, the figure and
inscription may be distinctly read upon a surface which had hitherto
appeared blank.

This experiment may be made with small coins upon a heated
poker, a flat-iron, or a salamander. The effect will be more perfect
if the red-hot iron be concealed from the eye of the spectator: this
may be done by placing upon the iron a piece of blackened tin,
with a hole cut out, the size of the coin to be heated.

TO MAKE A PRISM.

Provide two small pieces of window-glass and a lump of wax ;
soften and mould the wax, stick the two pieces of glass upon it,
so that they meet, as in the cut, where w is the wax, g and g



SIGHT AND SOUND. 23

the _— stuck to it (Fig. 1). The end view (Fig. 2) will
Fig.2. shew the angle, a, at which the

pieces of glass meet; into which
angle put a drop of water.

To use the instrument thus made,
make a small hole, or a narrow

horizontal slit, so that you can see the sky through it, when you
stand at some distance from it in the room: or a piece of paste+
board placed in the upper part of the window-sash, with a slit
cut in it, will serve the purpose of the hole in the shutter. The
slit should be about one-tenth of an inch wide, and an inch or
two long, with even edges. Then hold the prism in your hand,
place it close to your eye, and look through the drop of water, when
you will see a beautiful train of colours, called a spectrum; at one
end red, at the other violet, and in the middle yellowish green.
The annexed figure 3 will better explain the direction in which
Fig. 3. to look : here, e, is the eye of
h the spectator, p, is the prism,
< h h, the hole in the shutter oy |
~ pasteboard, s, the spectrum.
* By a little practice, you will
gee Ge soon become accustomed to
“4 look in the right direction, and
will see the colours very bright
a and distinct.
By means of this simple contrivance, white light may be
analysed, and proved to consist of coloured rays, and several of
its properties be beautifully illustrated.

mae

OPTICAL AUGMENTATION,

Take a glass rummer that is narrow at bottom and wide at top,
into which put a half-sovereign, and fill the glass three-fourths



24, SIGHT AND SOUND.

with water; place on it a piece of paper, and then a plate, and
turn the glass upside down quickly, that the water may not escape :
by looking sideways at the glass, you will perceive a sovereign at
the bottom, and, higher up, the half-sovereign floating near the
surface. Fill the glass with water, and the large piece only will
be visible.

GOLD FISH IN A GLASS GLOBE,

A single gold fish in a globe vase, is often mistaken for two
fishes, because it is seen as well by the light bent through the
upper surface of the water, as by straight rays passing through the
side of the vase.

COLOURS PRODUCED BY THE UNEQUAL ACTION OF LIGHT
UPON THE EYES,

If we hold aslip of white paper vertically, about a foot from the
eye, and direct both eyes to an object at some distance beyond it,
so as to see the slip of paper double, then, when a candle is brought
near the right eye, so as to act strongly upon it, while the left eye
is protected from its light, the left-hand slip of paper will be of a
tolerably bright green colour, while the right-hand slip of paper,
seen by the left eye, will be of a red colour. If the one image
overlaps the other, the colour of the overlapping parts will be white,
arising from a mixture of the complementary red and green. When
equal candles are held equally near to each eye, each of the images
of the slip of paper is white. If, when the paper is seen red and
green by holding the candle to the right eye, we quickly take it to
the left eye, we shall find that the left image of the slip of paper
gradually changes from green to red, and the right one from red
to green, both of them having the same tint during the time that

the change is going on.



SIGHT AND SOUND. 25

OPTICAL DECEPTION.

Look steadily at a carpet having figures of one colour, green,
for example, upon a ground of another colour, suppose red, and
you will sometimes see the whole of the green pattern as if the
red one were obliterated ; and at other times, you will see the whole
of the red pattern, as if the green one were obliterated. The
former effect takes place when the eye is steadily fixed on the green
part, and the latter, when it is steadily fixed on the red portion.

COLOURED SHADOWS,

Provide two lighted candles, and place them upon a table be-
fore a whitewashed or light papered wall: hold before one of the
candles a piece of coloured glass, taking care to remove to a greatey
distance the candle before which the coloured glass is not placed,
in order to equalize the darkness of the two shadows. If you use
a piece of green glass, one of the shadows will be green, and
the other a fine red; if you use blue glass, one of the shadows
will be blue, and the other a pale yellow.

COLOURS OF SCRATCHES.

An extremely fine scratch on a well-polished surface, may be
regarded as having a concave, cylindrical, or, at least, a curved
surface, capable of reflecting light in all directions ; this is evident,
for it is visible in all directions. Hence, a single scratch or furrow
in a surface, may produce colours by the interference of the rays
reflected from its opposite edges. Examine a spider’s thread in
the sunshine, and it will gleam with vivid colours. These may
arise from a similar cause, or from the thread itself, as spun by
the animal, consisting of several threads agglutinated together, and
thus presenting, not a cylindrical, but a furrowed surface.



26 SIGHT AND SOUND..

OCULAR SPECTRA,

One of the most curious affections of the eye is that, in virtue
of which it sees what are called ocular spectra, or accidental
colours. If we place a red wafer on a sheet of white paper, and,
closing one eye, keep the other directed for some time to the
centre of the wafer, then, if we turn the same eye to another part
of the paper, we shall see a green wafer, the colour of which will
continue to grow fainter and fainter, as we continue to look at it.

By using differently coloured wafers, we obtain the following
results :
WAFER SPECIMEN.
Black . . . White.
White . . . Black.
Red . . . Bluish Green.
Orange. . . Blue.

Yellow . . . Indigo.

Green . . . Violet, with a little Red.
Blue. . . . Orange Red.

Indigo . . . Orange Yellow.

Violet . . . Bluish Green.

BEAUTIFUL COLOURS OF MOTHER-OF-PEARL.

This substance, obtained from the shell of the pearl oyster, is
much admired for the fine play of its colours. To observe them
accurately, select a plate of regularly formed mother-of-pearl, with
its surface nearly parallel, and grind this surface upon a hone,
or upon a plate of glass, with the powder of slate, till the image of
the candle, reflected from the surfaces, is of a dull reddish white
colour, when it will glow with all the colours of the rainbow. The



SIGHT AND SOUND. 27

colours of mother-of-pearl may be communicated to soft black
wax ; and to clean surfaces of lead and tin by hard pressure, or the
blow of a hammer. Or, dissolve gum arabic, or isinglass, in water,
and allow it to harden upon a surface of mother-of-pearl, when
it will take a perfect impression from it, and exhibit all the colours
in the finest manner. Or, place the isinglass between two finely-
polished surfaces of mother-of-pearl, and you may obtain a film of
artificial mother-of-pearl, which, when seen by the light of a can-
dle, or by an aperture in the window, will shine with the brightest
hues.

WHITE LETTERS SEEN FURTHER THAN BLACK.

Paint the same letters of the same size precisely on two boards,
the one white on a black ground, and the other a black on a
white ground; the white letters will appear larger, and be read at
a greater distance than the black.

ARTIFICIAL RAINBOW.

Observe the various colours which are reflected from the glass
drops usually suspended from a lustre or chandelier, and you will
witness a mimic rainbow. A rainbow may also be made by a
garden engine, if the water be thrown high in the air, and the
spectator stand between it and the sun.

FRINGE ABOUT A CANDLE.

Provide two small pieces of plate glass, moisten two of their
sides with water, and put them together ; then look through them
at a candle, and you will perceive the flame surrounded with
beautifully coloured fringes: these are the effect of moisture,
intermixed with portions of air, and exhibiting an appearance
similar to dew.



28 SIGHT AND SOUND.

THE DOUBLE COLOURED REFLECTION.

Provide a circular piece of coloured glass, and pierce its centre
by means of a common awl, well moistened with oil of turpentine:
encircle the glass with the fingers and thumb, hold it in the sun-
shine or the strong light of a lamp, and the following beautiful
effects will be produced. If the glass be red, the luminous spot in
the centre will be reflected green ; if the glass be green, the spot
will be red; if blue, orange ; and if yellow, indigo.

LUMINOUS CROSS.

Place a lighted candle before a looking-glass, and there will
appear a luminous cross radiating from the flame of the candle.
This is produced by the direction of the friction by which the glass
is polished ; the scratches placed in a horizontal direction, exhi-
biting the perpendicular part of the cross, and the vertical scratches
the horizontal part.

RINGS OF COLOURS ROUND A CANDLE,

Look at a candle through a plate of glass, upon which you have
gently breathed, or over which are scattered particles of dust, or
any fine powder, and you will perceive the flame surrounded with
beautiful rings of colours. By using the seed of the lycopodium,
or by placing a drop of blood diluted with water between two
pieces of glass, the rings of colour will be still more finely exhi-
bited. Round the luminous body there will be seen a light area,
terminating in a reddish dark margin; this will be succeeded by a
ring of bluish-green, and then by a red ring ; these two last colours
succeeding each other several times when the particles are of uni-
form diameter, as are the seeds of the lycopodium, each of which
is but the 850th part of an inch in diameter.



SIGHT AND SOUND. 29

SIMPLE AND CHEAP OPERA-GLASS.

In this new instrument, no tubes are necessary, as in the
ordinary opera-glass; their place being supplied by a slender
elastic conical spring of wire, into the upper extre-
mity of which is inserted the eye-glass ; the object-
glass being fixed to the other extremity, as shewn
in the engraving. The two glasses must, of course,
be kept parallel to each other when in use; which
is very easily effected. ‘

In using this opera-glass, rest the finger and
thumb of one hand on the rim of the object-glass,
B, whilst, with the thumb and finger of the other
hand you hold the rim of the eye-glass, A. The
‘spring tube may then be drawn out or shut up to
very minute distances. Thus, the ordinary sliding tubes are super-
seded; nor is any external covering necessary, as the hand in grasp-
ing the instrument serves the purpose. If, however, a covering be
preferred, a piece of silk may be sewn to the spirals of the spring.

This kind of opera-glass may be made very cheaply: it may
be shut into a small space for the pocket, merely by pressing the
object-glass and eye-glass together.



MULTIPLYING THEATRES,

Place two pieces of looking-glass, one at each end, parallel to
one another, and looking over, or by the edge of one of them, the
images of any objects placed on the bottom of the box, will appear
continued to a considerable distance.

Or, line each of the four sides of the box with looking- glass, and
the bottom of the box will be multiplied to an astonishing extent,



.

30 SIGHT AND SOUND.

there being no other limitation to the number of images but what
is owing to the continued loss of light from reflection. The top
of the box may be almost covered with thin canvas, which will
admit sufficient light to render the exhibition very distinct.

The above experiments may be made very entertaining, by
placing on the bottom of the box some toy, as two persons playing
at cards, sentry soldiers, &c.; and, if these be put in motion, by
wires attached to them, or passing through the bottom or side of
the box, it will afford a still more entertaining spectacle. Or the
bottom of the box may be covered with moss, shining pebbles,
flowers, &c.; only, in all cases, the upright figures between the
pieces of looking-glass should be slender, and not too numerous,
else they will obstruct the reflected light.

In a box with six, eight, or more sides, lined with looking-
glass, as above, the different objects in it will be multiplied to an
almost indefinite extent.

APPARATUS FOR WRITING IN THE DARK.

In this ingenious contrivance, A is a frame of wood, into the
ook and front of which are inserted two thin boards, the front
one, B, reaching about half the height of
the frame, and the back one being movea-
ble, by sliding in grooves, for better fixing
the paper to be written on, C, toa roller at
top, with a handle and ratchet working into
a spring.

To use the apparatus, the paper is to be

—— fixed on the roller, and a strip of lead or
other weight, suspended from the bottom of the paper, to keep it





SIGHT AND SOUND. 31

smooth : then, by resting the right hand on the edge of the board,
B, and turning, with the left hand, the ratchet, the distance of the
lines may be regulated by the number of clicks caused by the
spring on the ratchet. D, is a foot to support the apparatus ;
which, however, should be light enough to be held in the hand as
a slate.

PORTABLE MICROSCOPE.

This cheap and useful instrument consists of a handle of hard
wood, a, which is screwed into a brass piece, d, having, at its top,
4 aring, which screws on back and front, into
——}/ which are to be screwed two cells with lenses
of different foci. There is also a projecting
piece formed on the side of the brass piece,
d, in which is a hole to receive the screwed
end of a cylindrical rod of brass, c. Upon
this rod, a springing slit socket, e, slides
backwards and forwards, and is also capable
of being turned round. This socket has
affixed to it, on one side, a projecting part,
with a screwed cavity in it, to receive a short screwed tube, with a
small hole in its centre, made to fit the steel stem of the spring
forceps; a corresponding hole being made at the bottom of the
screwed cavity, where is lodged a piece of perforated cork ; which,
being pressed upon by the action of the screw, closes upon the steel
stem of the forceps, and steadies them, and the objects held in
them. The stem of the forceps being removed from its place in the
short tube ; the handles and lenses, and the rod, c, and the sliding
socket upon it, being unscrewed from its place in the handle ;
they can all three be packed in a black paper case, which is only
three and a half inches long, one inch broad, and half an inch
thick.





32 SIGHT AND SOUND.

This microscope possesses three different magnifying powers,
namely, those of two lenses separately, and the two in combination,

Microscopes of a still simpler nature are small globules of glass,
formed by smelting the ends of fine threads of glass in the flame of
a candle; and small globular microscopes of great magnifying
power, made of hollow glass about the size of a small walnut, may
be purchased very cheaply at the opticians’.

THE PHENAKISTICOPE, OR STOBOSCOPE.

This amusing instrument consists of a turning wheel, upon
which figures are seen to walk, jump, pump water, &c. The disk
or wheel should be of stout card-board, upon which should be
painted, towards the edge, figures in eight or ten postures. Thus,
if it is wished to represent a man bowing, the first position is a man
standing upright; in the second, his body has a slight inclination ;
in the third, still more; and so on, to the sixth position, where the
body is most bent: the four following, represent the figure reco-
vering its erect posture, so that the fifth and seventh, the fourth
and eighth, the third and ninth, the second and tenth figures, have
the same posture. Between each of the figures on the wheel,
should be a slit, three-fourths of an inch long, and one-fourth of an
inch wide, in a direction parallel with the radii of the wheel, and
extending to an equal distance from the centre.

To work this instrument, place the figured side of the wheel
before a looking-glass, and cause it to revolve upon its centre ; then
look through the slits or apertures, and you may observe, in the
glass, the figures bowing continually, and with a rapidity pro-
portionate to the rate at which the wheel turns. The illusion
depends on the circumstance, that the wheel between each aperture



SIGHT AND SOUND, 33

is covered, while the figure goes further. That the deception may
be complete, it is necessary that every part of the figures not
bowing shall be at an equal distance from the centre of the wheel,
and from the slits; also that the figures possess equal thickness and _
colour.

TO LOOK AT THE SUN WITHOUT INJURY.

Provide a wine-glass filled with plain water, which will keep oft
the heat so effectually, that the brightest sun may be viewed some
time through it without any inconvenience. If a little black ink
be added to the water, the image of the sun will appear through it,
as white as snow; and when the ink is still more diluted, the sun
will be of a purple hue.

BRILLIANT WATER MIRROR.

Nearly fill a glass tumbler with water, and hold it, with your
back to the window, above the level of the
eye, as in the engraving. Then look obliquely,
as in the direction E, a, c, and you will
see the whole surface shining like burnished
silver, with a strong metallic reflection;
and any object, as a spoon, A C B, im-
mersed in the water, will have its immersed
part, CB, reflected on the surface, as in a
mirror, but with a brilliancy far surpassing
: that which can be obtained from quicksilver,
or from the most highly-polished metals.



OPTICAL ILLUSION UNDER WATER.

Procure a large gallipot; place on the bottom, next the side
furthest from you, a sixpence, and next to it, but towards the centre,
D



34 SIGHT AND SOUND.

a shilling; move to such a distance as will render the coins in-
visible; then let another person pour water gently in, and as
it rises in the gallipot, it will cause both the sixpence and shil-
ling to be seen, without your approaching nearer to the gallipot,
or moving it towards you.

THE MAGIC WIEELS.

Cut out two card-board cog-wheels of equal size; place them
upon a pin, and whirl them round with equal velocity in opposite
directions ; when, instead of producing a hazy tint, as one wheel
would do, or as the two would if revolving in the same direction,
there will be an extraordinary appearance of a fixed wheel. If
the cogs be cut slantwise on both wheels, the spectral wheel, as it
may be called, will exhibit slanting cogs ; but if one of the wheels
beturned, so that the cogs shall point in opposite directions, then
the spectral wheel will have straight cogs. If wheels with radii,
or arms, be viewed when moving, the deception will be similar;
and however fast the wheels may move, provided it be with equal
velocity, the magic of a fixed wheel will be presented.

Or, cut a card-board wheel with a certain number of teeth or
cogs at its edge; a little nearer the centre, cut a series of apertures
resembling the cogs in arrangement, but not to the same number;
and still nearer the centre cut another series of apertures, different
in number, ‘and varying from the former. Fix this wheel upon
another, with its face held two or three yards from an illuminated
mirror ; spin it round, the cogs will disappear, and a greyish belt,
three inches broad, will become visible ; but, on looking at the glass
through the moving wheel, appearances will entirely change: one
row of cogs, or apertures, will appear fixed, as if the wheel were
not moving, whilst the other two will appear as if in motion ; and,
by shifting the eye, other and new effects appear.



SIGHT AND SOUND. 35

These amusing deceptions were first experimented by Mr.
Faraday. The simple apparatus for their exhibition may be
purchased, for a trifling sum, of any respectable optician.

ACOUSTIC RAINBOW.

A sounding-plate, made of brass, nine inches long, and half a
line in thickness, covered with a layer of water, may be employed
to produce a rainbow in a chamber which admits the sun. On
drawing a violin bow strongly across the plate, so as to produce
the greatest possible intensity of tone, numerous drops of water fly
perpendicularly and laterally upwards. The size of the drops is
smaller as the tone is higher. The inner and outer rainbows are
very beautifully seen in these ascending and descending drops, when
the artificial shower is held opposite to the sun. When the eyes
are close to the falling drops, each eye sees its appropriate rainbow;
and four rainbows are perceived at the same time, particularly if
the floor of the room is of a dark colour. The experiment succeeds
best, if, when a finger is placed under the middle of the plate, and
both of the angular points at one side are supported, the tone is
produced ata point of the opposite side, a fourth of its length from
one of its angles. An abundant shower of drops is thus obtained.

TRANSMISSION OF SOUND,

Suspend any sonorous body, as a bell, a glass, a silver spoon,
or a tuning-fork, from a double thread, and put with the finger the
extremities of the thread, one in each ear; if the body be then
struck, the apparent loudness and depth of the sound will be sur-
prising.

Again, if you shut your ears altogether, you will yet feel very

p 2



36 SIGHT AND SOUND.

sensible of the impression of any sound conveyed through the
mouth, the teeth, or the head: if you put one end of a small stick ,
or rod in the mouth, and touch with the other extremity a watch
lying on the table, the beatings will become quite audible, though
the ears be actually shut. So, also, if a log of wood be scratched
at one end with a pin, a person who applies his ear to the other
end will hear the sound distinctly.

Fogs and falling rain, but especially snow, powerfully obstruct
the free propagation of sound; and the same effect is produced by
a coating of fresh-fallen snow on the ground, though when glazed
and hardened at the surface by freezing, it has no such influence.

Over water, or a surface of ice, sound is propagated with re-
markable clearness and strength. Dr. Hutton relates, that on a
quiet part of the Thames, near Chelsea, he could hear a person
distinctly at 140 feet distance, while on the land the same could
only be heard at 76 feet. Lieutenant Forster, in the third Polar
expedition of Captain Perry, held a conversation with a man
across the harbour of Port Bowen, a distance of 6696 feet, or
about a mile and a quarter. This, however remarkable, falls ~
short of what is related by Dr. Young, on the authority of the
Rev. W. Derham, viz. that, at Gibraltar, the voice has been heard
ten miles, perhaps, across the strait.

The cannonade of a sea-fight between the English and Dutch,
in 1672, was heard across England as far as Shrewsbury, and even
in Wales, a distance of upwards of 200 miles from the scene of
action.

At Carisbrook Castle, in the Isle of Wight, is a_well 210 feet
in depth, and twelve feet in diameter, into which if a pin be
dropped, it will be distinctly heard to strike the water. The
interior is lined with very smooth masonry.



SIGHT AND SOUND. 37

PROGRESS OF SOUND.

A stretched string, as that of a piano-forte, may be made to
vibrate not only from end to end, but in aliquot parts, the portions
being separated by points of rest which interrupt the progress of
the sound. This kind of effect may be shewn by shaking a long
piece of cane in the air, when there will be one, two, or three
points of rest, according to the mode of vibrating it.

An elastic surface has, likewise, some parts in motion and
others at rest; and these parts may be made visibly distinct, by
strewing pieces of bristle over them upon the sounding-board of an
instrument.

When a bow is drawn across the strings of a violin, the im-
pulses produced may be rendered evident by fixing a small steel
bead upon the bow; when looked at by light or in sunshine, the
bead will seem to form a series of dots during the passage of
the bow.

SOUND TURNING CORNERS.

Take a common tuning-fork, strike it, and hold it (when set in
vibration) about three or four inches from the ear, with the flat
side towards it, when the sound will be distinctly heard ; let a strip
of card, somewhat longer than the flat of the tuning-fork, be inter-
posed at about half an inch from the fork, and the sound will be
almost entirely intercepted by it; and, if the card be alternately
removed and replaced in pretty quick succession, alternations of
sound and silence will be produced; proving that sound is by no
means propagated with so much intensity round the edge of the card,
as straight forward. Indeed, to be convinced of this fact, you have’
only to listen to the sound of a carriage turning a corner from the
street, in which you happen to be, into an adjoining one. Even



38 ; SIGHT AND SOUND.

where there is no obstacle in the way, sounds are by no means
equally audible in all directions from the sounding body ; as you
may ascertain, by holding a vibrating tuning-fork or pitch-pipe
near your ear, and turning it quickly on its axis.

TO TELL THE DISTANCE OF THUNDER.

Count, by means of a watch, the number of seconds that elapse
between seeing the ftash of lightning and hearing the report of the
thunder : allow somewhat more than five seconds for a mile, and
the distance may be ascertained. Thus, say the number of seconds is

5)20
S miles distant;
or the distance may be estimated by remarking the number of
beats of the pulse in the above interval ; provided, of course, that
we know the rate at which the pulse beats in acertain time. Ina
French work, it is stated that if the pulse beat six times, the.
distance of the thunder will be about 30,000 feet, or fives miles and
a half; thus reckoning 5,000 feet for each pulsation.

In a violent thunder-storm, when the sound instantly succeeds
the flash, the persons who witness the circumstance are in some
danger; when the interval is a quarter of a minute, they are secure.

HEARING BY THE TOUCH.

If a deaf person merely place the tips of his finger-nails on
the window-shutters or door of a room in which instruments are
playing, he may enjoy their concert of harmony.

CONVERSATION FOR THE DEAF.

If two persons stop their ears closely, they may converse with
each other by holding a long stick or sticks between their teeth, or



SIGHT AND SOUND. 39

by resting their teeth against them. The person who speaks may
rest the stick against his throat or his breast ; or he may rest the
stick, which he holds in his teeth, against a glass tumbler or china
basin into which the other speaks. The sound may also be heard
whena thread is held between the teeth by both persons, so as to
be sonewhat stretched.

GLASS BROKEN BY THE VOICE.

On vibrating bodies, which present a large surface, the effects
of sands are very surprising. Persons with a clear and powerful
voice have been known to break a drinking-glass, by singing the
prope fundamental note of their voice close toit. Looking-glasses
are dso said to have been broken by music, the vibrations of the
atoms of the glass being so great as to strain them beyond the
limits of their cohesion.

FIGURES PRODUCED BY SOUND.

Stretch a sheet of wet paper over the mouth of a glass tumbler
which has a footstalk, and glue or paste the paper at the edges.
When the paper is dry, strew dry sand thinly upon its surface.
Place the tumbler on a table, and hold immediately above it, and
parallel to the paper, a plate of glass, which you also strew with
sand, having previously rubbed the edges smooth with emery pow-
der. Draw a violin bow along any part of the edges, and as the
sand upon the glass is made to vibrate, it will form various figures,
which will be accurately imitated by the sand upon the paper ; or,
if a violin or flute be played within a few inches of the paper,
they will cause the sand upon its surface to form regular lines and
figures.



40 SIGHT AND SOUND.

TRANSMITTED VIBRATION.

Provide a long, flat glass ruler or rod, as in the engraving, and.
cement it with mastic to the edge of a drinking-glass fixed inf a
wooden stand; support the other end of the rod very lightly pn a

2 piece of cork, and strew its
upper surface with sand;
set the glass in vibration by

- a bow, at a point opposite
where the rod meets it, and the motions will be communicated to
the rod without any change in their direction. Ifthe apparatus
be inverted, and sand be strewed on the under side of the rod, the
figures will be seen to correspond with those produced on the
upper surface. ,



DOUBLE VIBRATION.

Provide two disks of metal or glass, precisely of the same

dimensions, and a glass or metal rod; cement the two disks at

their centres to the two ends of the rod, as

in the engraving, and strew their upper

surfaces with sand. Cause one of the disks,

viz. the upper one, to vibrate by a bow, and

its vibration will be exactly imitated by the

lower disk, and the sand strewed over both

will arrange itself in precisely the same

forms on both disks. But if, separately,

they do not agree in their tones, the figures on them will not
correspond.

CHAMPAGNE AND SOUND.
Pour sparkling champagne into a glass until it is half full,
when the glass will lose its power of ringing by a stroke upon its



SIGHT AND SOUND. 41

edges, and will emit only a disagreeable and puffy sound. Nor
will the glass ring while the wine is brisk, and filled with air-
bubbles ; but, as the effervescence subsides, the sound will become
clearer and clearer, and when the air bubbles have entirely dis-
appeared, the glass will ring as usual. Ifa crumb of bread be
thrown into the champagne, and effervescence be re-produced, the
glass will again cease to ring. The same experiment will also
succeed with soda-water, ginger wine, or any other effervescing
liquid.

MUSIC FROM PALISADES.

If a line of broad palisades, set edgewise in a line directed from
the ear, and at even distances from each other, be struck at the
end nearest the auditor,-they will reflect the sound of the blow,
and produce a succession of echoes: these, from the equal distance
of the palisades, will reach the ear at equal intervals of time, and
will, therefore, produce the effect of a number of impulses originat-
ing in one point. Thus, a musical note will be heard.

THEORY OF THE JEW’S HARP.

If you cause the tongue of this little instrument to vibrate, it
will produce a very low sound; but if you place it before a cavity
(as the mouth), containing a column of air, which vibrates much
faster, but in the proportion of any simple multiple, it will then
produce other higher sounds, dependant upon the reciprocation
of that portion of the air. Now, the bulk of air in the mouth
can be altered in its form, size, and other circumstances, so as to
produce, by reciprocation, many different sounds; and these are
the sounds belonging to the Jew’s Harp,



42 SIGHT AND SOUND.

A proof of this fact has been given by Mr. Eulenstein, who
fitted into a long metallic tube a piston, which, being moved, could
be made to lengthen or shorten the efficient column of air within
at pleasure. A Jew’s Harp was then so fixed that it could be
made to vibrate before the mouth of the tube, and it was found that
the column of air produced a series of sounds, according as it was
lengthened or shortened ; a sound being produced whenever the
length of the column was such that its vibrations were a multiple
of those of the Jew’s Harp.

MUSIC OF THE SNAIL.

Place a garden-snail upon a pane of glass, and, in drawing
itself along, it will frequently produce sounds similar to those of
musical glasses.

TO TUNE A GUITAR WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF THE EAR.

Make one string to sound, and its vibrations will, with much
force, be transferred to the next string: this transference may be
seen, by placing a saddle of paper (like an inverted 4) upon the
string, at first in a state of rest. When this string hears the
other, the saddle will be shaken, or fall off; when both strings
are in harmony, the paper will be very little, or not at all, shaken.

MUSIC FROM GLASS OR METAL RODS.

Provide a straight rod of glass or metal; strike it at the end in
the direction of its length, or rub it lengthwise with a moistened
finger, and it will yield a musical sound, which, unless its length be
very great, will be of an extremely acute pitch; much more so
than in the case of a column of air of the same length, as in a



SIGHT AND SOUND. 43

flute. The reason of this is the greater velocity with which sound
is propagated in solids than in the air. If the rod be metal, the
friction will be found to succeed best when made with a bit of
cloth, sprinkled with powdered rosin; or, if of glass, the cloth
or the finger may be moistened and touched with some very fine
sand or pumice powder. °

Generally speaking, a fiddle-bow, well resined, is the readiest
and most convenient means of setting solid bodies in vibration.
To bring out their gravest or fundamental tones, the bow must be
pressed hard and drawn slowly ; but, for the higher harmonies,
a short, swift, stroke, with light pressure, is most proper.

THE TUNING-FORK A FLUTE PLAYER.

Take a common tuning-fork, and on one of its branches fasten
with sealing-wax a circular piece of card, of the size of a small
sooo wafer, or sufficient nearly
SSS to cover the aperture of a
all pipe, as the sliding of the
upper end of a flute with the mouth stopped: it may
be tuned in unison with the loaded tuning-fork (a
C fork), by means of the moveable stopper or card,
or the fork may be loaded till the unison is perfect.
Then set the fork in vibration by a blow on the unloaded
branch, and hold the card closely over the mouth of the pipe,
as in the engraving, when a note of surprising clearness and
strength will be heard. Indeed, a flute may be made to “ speak”
perfectly well, by holding close to the opening a vibrating tuning-
fork, while the fingering proper to the note of the fork is at the
same time performed.





44 SIGHT AND SOUND.

MUSICAL BOTTLES,

Provide two glass bottles, and tune them by pouring water into
them, so that each corresponds to the sound of a different tuning-
fork. Then apply both tuning-forks to the mouth of each bottle
alternately, when that sound only will be heard, in each case,
which is reciprocated by the unisonant bottle, or, in other words,
by that bottle which contains a column of air, susceptible of
vibrating in unison with the fork.

THEORY OF WHISPERING.

Apartments of a circular or elliptical form are best calculated
for the exhibition of this phenomenon. If a person stand near the
wall, with his face turned to it, and whisper a few words, they may
be more distinctly heard at nearly the opposite side of the apart-
ment, than if the listener was situated nearer to the speaker.

THEORY OF THE VOICE.

Provide a species of whistle, common as a child’s toy or a
sportman’s call, in the form of a hollow cylinder, about three-
fourths of an inch in diameter, closed at both ends by flat circular
plates, with holes in their centres, Hold this toy between the
teeth and lips; blow through it, and you may produce sounds
varying in pitch with the force with which you blow. If the air
be cautiously graduated, all the sounds within the compass of a
double octave may be produced from it; and, if great precaution
be taken in the management of the wind, tones even yet graver
may be brought out. This simple instrument, or toy, has, indeed,
the greatest resemblance to the larynx, which is the organ of voice.

A speaking-machine has been invented in Germany, with which



SIGHT AND SOUND. 45
have been distinctly pronounced the words, mamma, papa, mother,
father, summer. This instrument consists of a pair of bellows, to
which is adapted a tube terminating in a bell, the aperture of
which is regulated by the hand, so as to produce the articulate
sounds.

SOUND ALONG A WALL.

Whisper along the bare wall of an apartment, and you will be
heard much further than in the middle of the room; for the trough
or angle between the wall and the floor, forms two sides of a square
pipe which conveys the sound.

SOUNDS MORE AUDIBLE BY NIGHT THAN BY DAY,

The experiment with the glass of champagne (page 40) has
been employed by Humboldt, in explanation of the greater
audibility of distant sounds by night than by day. This he attri-
butes to the uniformity of temperature in the atmosphere by night,
when currents of air no longer rise and disturb its equilibrium ;
as the air-bubbles in the champagne interfere with the vibration
within the glass. Again, the universal and dead silence gene-
rally prevalent at night, renders our auditory nerves sensible to
sounds which would otherwise escape them, and which are in-
audible among the continual hum of noises which is always going
on in the day time.

MUSICAL ECHO.

If a noise be made in a narrow passage, or apartment of
regular form, the echoes will be repeated at equal very small
intervals, and will always impress the ear with a musical note.
This is, doubtless, one of the means which blind persons have of
judging of the size and shape of any room they happen to be in.



46 SIGHT AND SOUND.

VENTRILOQUISM.

The main secret of this surprising art simply consists in first
making a strong and deep inspiration, by which a considerable
quantity of air is introduced into the lungs, to be afterwards acted
upon by the flexible powers of the larynx, or cavity situated behind
the tongue, and the trachea, or windpipe: thus prepared, the
expiration should be slow and gradual. Any person, by practice,
can, therefore, obtain more or less expertness in this exercise; in
which, though not apparently, the voice is still modified by the
mouth and tongue; and it is the concealment of this aid, that
much of the perfection of ventriloquism lies.

But the distinctive character of ventriloquism consists in its
imitations being performed by the voice seeming to come from the
stomach: hence its name, from venter, the stomach, and Joquor,
to speak. Although the voice does not actually come from that
region, in order to enable the ventriloquist to utter sounds from
the larynx without moving the muscles of his face, he strengthens
them by a powerful action of the abdominal muscles. Hence, he
speaks by means of his stomach; although the throat is the real
source from whence the sound proceeds. It should, however, be
added, that this speaking distinctly, without any movement of the
lips at all, is the highest perfection’of ventriloquism, and has but
rarely been attained. Thus, MM. St. Gille and Louis Brabant, two
celebrated French ventriloquists, appeared to be absolutely mute
while exercising their art, and no change in their countenances
could be discovered.

It has lately been shewn, that some ventriloquists have acquired
by practice the power of exercising the veil of the palate in such a
manner, that, by raising or depressing it, they dilate or contract
the inner nostrils. If they are closely contracted, the sound pro-



SIGHT AND SOUND, 47

duced is weak, dull, and seems to be more or less distant; if, on
the contrary, these cavities are widely dilated, the sound will be
strengthened, the voice become loud, and apparently close to us.

Another of the secrets of ventriloquism, is the uncertainty with
respect to the direction of sounds. Thus, if we place a man and a
child in the same angle of uncertainty, and the man speaks with
the accent of a child, without any corresponding motion in his
mouth or face, we shall necessarily believe that the voice comes
from the child. In this case, the belief is so strengthened by the
imagination ; for if we were directed to a statue, as the source from
which we were to expect sounds to issue, we should still be
deceived, and refer the sounds to the lifeless stone or marble.
This illusion will be greatly assisted by the voice being totally
different in tone and character from that of the man from whom
it really comes. Thus, we see how easy is the deception when the
sounds are required to proceed from any given object, and are
such as they actually yield.

The ventriloquists of our time, as M. Alexander and M.
Fitz-James, have carried their art still further. They have not
only spoken by the muscles of the throat and the abdomen,
without moving those of the face, but have so far overcome the
uncertainty of sound, as to become acquainted with modifications
of distance, obstruction, and other causes, so as to imitate them
with the greatest accuracy. Thus, each of these artists has suc-
ceeded in carrying on a dialogue; and each, in his own single
person and with his own single voice, has represented a scene
apparently with several actors. These ventriloquists have likewise
possessed such power over their faces and figures, that, aided
by rapid changes of dress, their personal identity has scarcely
been recognised among the range of personations.



48 SIGHT AND SOUND.

Vocal imitations are much less striking and ingenious than the
feats of ventriloquism. Extraordinary varieties of voice may be
produced, by speaking with a more acute or grave pitch than
usual, and by different contractions of the mouth. Thus may be
imitated the grinding of cutlery on a wheel, the sawing of wood,
the frying of a pancake, the uncorking of a bottle, and the
gurgling noise in emptying its contents.














meter; divide it into sixteen parts, and paint them
alternately red and black. Provide a second




“G ) circle or disk of the same size, and paint on it,
oe in large characters, the words “ At rest,” on a

BS 3) white ground. Connect both disks with the sim-
WLS ple apparatus for causing them to turn round,
used in the construction of a toy windmill. Next fill a basin with
water, and provide a few small pieces of phosphuret of lime:
darken the room, hold the disks over the basin, and turn them
round ; let the phosphuret of lime be put into the water, and bubbles
of light will rise to its surface. If they come up slowly, both disks
will appear stationary during their turning round; but when the
bubbles come up quickly, the black and red spaces will exhibit a
dancing motion, and sometimes two black spaces will seem joined
E2



52 LIGHT AND HEAT.

into one, to the exclusion of the intervening red, and vice versé :
the words on the second disk will also cross each other in various
directions, when the flashes of light interfere; and, in both cases,
confusion will be excited by an impression being made on the
retina before preceding impressions have departed.

DECOMPOSITION OF LIGHT.

Sir Isaac Newton first divided a white ray of light, and found
it to consist of an assemblage of coloured rays, which formed an
image upon a wall, and in which were displayed the following
colours: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Sir
Isaac then shewed that these seven colours, when again put toge-
ther or combined, recomposed white light. This may be proved
by painting a card wheel in circles with the above colours, and
whirling it rapidly upon a pin, when it will appear white.

Light may also be decomposed by the following beautiful
experiment :—Form a tube, about ten inches long and one inch in
diameter, of paper, one side of which is of a bright blue colour.
This may be done by wrapping the paper once round a cylinder of
wood, and securing the edges of the paper with paste. The coloured
side of the paper must be the interior of the tube. Apply this
tube to one eye, the other being closed, and on looking at the
ceiling, a circular orange spot will be seen, which is the result of
decomposition: the white light from the ceiling enters the tube,
the blue is retained, and the red and yellow rays enter the eye,
and produce the impression of orange.

SOLAR REFRACTION.
‘The theory of solar refraction may be beautifully illustrated as
follows: Puta shilling into a basin, and pour some water on it, .
when the silver will be refracted through the medium; and, if the



LIGHT AND HEAT. 53

vessel be filled, you may withdraw to any distance from which the
surface of the water will be visible, and, by the refraction from it,
you can still obserye the shilling.

THEATRICAL INCANTATIONS,.

Dissolve crystals of nitrate of copper in spirit of wine; light
the solution, and it will burn with a beautiful emerald-green flame:
pieces of sponge soaked in this spirit, lighted and suspended by
fine wires over the stage of theatres, produce the lambent green
flames now so common in incantation scenes: strips of flannel
saturated with it, and applied round copper swords, tridents, &c.
produce, when lighted, the flaming swords and fire-forks, bran-
dished by the demons in such scenes: indeed, the chief consumption
of nitrate of copper is for these purposes.

TO IMITATE THE LIGHT OF THE SEA.

It is well known, that on dark, stormy nights, the sea emits a
brilliant light, the effect of which may thus be imitated. Scrape
off four drams of the substance of putrefying fish, es whiting, her-
ring, or mackerel, and put it into a white glass bottle, containing
two ounces of sea-water, or of pure water with two drams of
common salt dissolved in it; set the bottle in a dark place, and in
three days a ring of light will be seen on the surface of the liquid,
and the whole, if shaken, will become luminous, and continue so for
some time. If it be set in a warm place, the light will be brighter ;
if the liquid be frozen, the light will disappear, but will re-appear
on being thawed.

If more salt be added to the solution, the light will disappear,
but instantly burst forth from absolute darkness by dilution with
water. Lime water, common water, beer, acids, even very dilute



5A LIGHT AND HEAT.

alkaline leys, as pearl-ash or soda and water, will permanently
extinguish this spontaneous light.

INSTANTANEOUS LIGHTS.

The oxygenated, or chlorate matches, are first dipped in melted
sulphur, and then tipped with a paste made of chlorate of potass,
sulphur, and sugar, mixed with gum-water, and coloured with
vermilion: frankincense and camphor are sometimes mixed with
the composition, and the wood of the match is pencil-cedar, so that
a fragrant odour is diffused by the matches in burning. To obtain
light, a match is very lightly dipped in a bottle containing a little
asbestos soaked in oil of vitriol.

Lucifers consist of chips of wood tipped with a paste of chlorate
of potass mixed with sulphuret of antimony, starch, and gum-
water: when a match is pinched between the folds of glass-paper,
and suddenly drawn out, a light is instantly obtained.

Prometheans cousist of small rolls of waxed paper, in one end
of which is a minute quantity of vitriol, in a glass bulb, sealed up,
and surrounded with chlorate of potass: when the end thus pre-
pared is pressed so as to break the bulb, the vitriol comes in
contact with the composition, and produces light instantly.

For cigar-smokers, Prometheans are made with touch-paper;
this ignites from the composition, and glows without flame, like a
slow match; and as ‘the wind will not extinguish it, a dry cigar
may be readily lighted at it.

Lucifers and Prometheans must be used with caution, and
should never be carelessly left about: by letting them fall upon a
sanded floor, and being accidentally trod upon, they may take fire,
and thus do great mischief.



LIGHT AND HEAT. 55

TO COLOUR THE FLAME OF A CANDLE.

Take a piece of packthread, or cotton thread, boil it in clear
water to free it from saline particles, and dry it; wet one end, and
take up on it a little of either of the salts hereafter named, in fine
powder, or strong solution. Then dip the wetted end of the thread
into the cup of a burning wax candle, and apply it to the exterior
of the flame, not quite touching the luminous part, but 90 a6
to be immersed in the cone of invisible but intensely heated air
which envelopes it. Immediately, an irregular sputtering com-
bustion of the wax on the thread will take place, and the invisible
cone of heat will be rendered luminous, with a peculiarly coloured
light, according to the salt employed.

Thus, common salt will give a bright yellow; muriate of
potass will give a beautiful pale violet; muriate of lime will give a
brick red; muriate of strontia will give a magnificent crimson ;
muriate of lithia will give a red; muriate of baryta will give a fine
pale apple green; muriate of copper will give a beautiful bluish
green; and green copperas will give a white light.

TO DIVIDE THE FLAME OF A CANDLE.

Provide about a foot square of brass or iron wire gauze, of the
fineness of thirty meshes to the square inch: lower the gauze upon
the flame of a wax candle, which will not rise through the meshes,
but in its place will be the inflammable smoke of the flame ; apply
to this a piece of lighted paper, and it will be kindled, and the
candle will burn with flame above and beneath the gauze. In
this case, the gauze so cools the flame, as to extinguish it; and
upon this principle is constructed the Davy Safety Lamp, in which
the light is surrounded with wire-gauze.



56 LIGHT AND HEAT.

To vary this experiment, place a chip of camphor in the centre
of a piece of wire-gauze about a foot square, and hold it over the
flame of a candle or lamp; when the vapour of the camphor will
burn brightly upon the lower surface of the gauze, but cannot rise
through it, in consequence of its cooling power. Thus, the
camphor lies upon the gauze in an uninflamed state, though it is
sufficiently heated to yield inflammable vapour to feed a flame
beneath.

CANE WICK LAMP,

Cut a piece of cane about one inch long; set it upright in
spirit of wine, with a small portion just above the surface: the
spirit will then rise through the tube of the cane, which, being
lighted, will burn as a wick.

CAMPHOR AND PLATINUM LAMP.

Place a small piece of camphor, or a few fragments, upon the
bottom of a glass, and lay upon the camphor a piece of coiled or
pressed up platinum wire, heated in the flame of a lamp; when
the platinum will glow brilliantly as long as any camphor remains,
and frequently light up into flame.

PLATINUM AND ETHER LAMP.

Put into a small hyacinth-glass a tea-spoonful of
ether, and suspend in it, by wire, a coil of fine pla-
tinum wire, first heated in the flame of a spirit lamp;
the wire will then glow with a red heat, and some
of it may become white hot; in the latter case, flame
will be produced by the ether burning.





LIGHT AND HEAT, 57

FLOATING LIGHT

Cut a chip of camphor; light it, and set it on a basin of water,
when it will continue to burn and float until it is consumed.

SUBSTITUTE FOR A WAX TAPER.

Steep a loosely twisted cotton skein in a solution of nitre; dry
it, and it will readily kindle by the sparks produced from the flint
and steel. If, however, the cotton be further prepared by coating
portions of it, at regular intervals, alternately with sulphur and
white wax, and the sparks be struck upon the sulphur, it will
readily kindle, and as readily light the wax; and the flame will
endure long enough for sealing a letter.

PHOSPHORESCENT FISH.

Place a very stale fish in a dark room, and it will give ont
a strong light, because of the numerous animalculz, whose growth
the putrefaction has promoted.

THE LUMINOUS SPECTRE.

Phosphorus in its pure state should be very cautiously han-
dled; as, unless used very moderately, it will burn the skin.
By adding to it, however, six parts of olive oil, it may be employed
with perfect safety. If every part of the face, except the eyes and
mouth, which should be kept shut while applying it, be anointed
with this mixture, it will give the party a most frightful appearance
in the dark. The eyes and mouth will seem black, and all the
other parts of the face will appear lighted with a sickly, pale-bluish
flame,



58 LIGHT AND HEAT.

LIGHT, A PAINTER.

Strain a piece of paper or linen upon a wooden frame, and
sponge it over with a solution of nitrate of silver in water; place it
behind a painting upon glass, or a stained window-pane, and the
light, traversing the painting or figures, will produce a copy of it
upon the prepared paper or linen; those parts in which the rays
were least intercepted being the shadows of the picture.

EFFECT OF LIGHT UPON CRYSTALIZATION,

Place a solution of nitre in a small basin of water, in a room
which has the light admitted only through a small hole in the
window-shutter ; crystals will then form most abundantly upon the
side of the basin exposed to the aperture through which the light
enters; and often the whole mass of crystals will turn towards it.
This peculiar effect may also be seen in the crystals in camphor
glasses in druggists’ windows, which are always most copious upon
the side exposed to the light.

EFFECT OF LIGHT ON PLANTS.

Shut a plant up in a ‘room into which light is only admitted
through a small hole in the window-shutter, and set the plant out
of the direction of this light; it will, in a short time, turn itself,
and even grow downwards, that it may expose its leaves to the light.

If plants be kept in darkness, they will soon become bleached ;
then, if they be exposed to the sun for three, four, or five hours,
the leaves and stalks will become as intensely green as if the
plants had been reared in the sun. Again, if a lighted lamp be
introduced into a dark room, wherein a plant has been shut up and



LIGHT AND HEAT. 59

bleached, it will become green, and direct itself towards the lamp.
If such a plant be removed from the room, exposed for some time
to the sun, and then returned to darkness, it will no longer support
the privation of light, but will fade and perish.

INSTANTANEOUS LIGHT UPON ICE.

Throw upon ice a small piece of potassium, and it will burst
into flame. In one experiment, the operator pressed the potas-
sium on the ice with a penknife, when the whole length of the ice
became ignited.

WHITE LIGHT FROM ZINC.

As a substance for light, zinc is far superior to any of the
metals. The light which it yields on burning is as bright as that
of the sun, and as white, so that the eye can scarcely endure it ;
and the effect is much increased by the great quantity of silvery
smoke which reflects the fire, and thus widely increases the sphere
of illumination. Zinc may be used in thin sheets, or in filings.

BRILLIANT LIGHT FROM TWO METALS.

Wrap a small piece of platinum in a piece of tin-foil of the
same size, and expose them upon charcoal to the action of the
blow-pipe ; when the union of the two metals will be accompanied.
by a rapid whirling, and by a remarkably brilliant light. If the
globule thus melted be allowed to drop into a basin of water, it will
remain for some time red-hot at the bottom of it.

BRILLIANT LIGHT FROM STEEL.
Pour into a watch-glass a little sulphuret of carbon, and light
it; hold in the flame a brush of steel-wire, and it will burn beauti-
fully. A watch-spring may also be burnt in it.



60 LIGHT AND HEAT.

LIGHTED TIN.

Place upon a piece of tinfoil a few powdered crystals of nitrate
of copper; moisten it with water; fold up the foil gently, and
wrap it in paper so as to keep out the air; lay it upon a plate, and
the tin will soon inflame.

LIGHT FROM GILT BUTTONS.

Provide a new and highly-polished gilt button, and hold it in a
strong light, closely but obliquely, over a sheet of white paper, when
it will present radiations exactly like the spokes of a carriage-
wheel ; the radiations being sixteen in number, and a little con-
tracted in the centre opposite the eye of the button, and presenting
altogether a beautiful appearance.

LIGHT FROM A FLOWER.

Hold a lighted candle to the flower of the fraxinella, and it
will dart forth little flashes of light. This beautiful appearance is
caused by the essential and inflammable oil contained in small
vessels at the extremities of the flower, which vessels burn at
the approach of any inflamed body, setting at liberty the essential
oil, as that contained in orange-peel is discharged by pressure.

LIGHT FROM SUGAR.

Simply break a bit of lump sugar between the fingers in the
dark, and light will be produced at the moment of fracture.

Or, if powdered loaf sugar be put into'a spoon, fused, and
kindled in the flame of a lamp, it will exhibit a fine jet of flame.



LIGHT AND HEAT. 61

LIGHT FROM THE POTATO.

Place a few potatoes in a dark cellar, and when they become in
a state of putrefaction, they will give out a vivid light sufficient to
read by. A few years since, an officer on guard at Strasbourg
thought the barracks were on fire, in consequence of the light thus
emitted from a cellar full of putrefying potatoes,

LIGHT FROM THE OYSTER.

Open an oyster, retain the liquor in the lower or deep shell, and,
if viewed through a microscope, it will be found to contain multi-
tudes of small oysters, covered with shells, and swimming nimbly
about; one hundred and twenty of which in a row would extend
but one inch. Besides these young oysters, the liquor contains a
variety of animalcule, and myriads of three distinct species of
worms, which shine in the dark like glow-worms. Sometimes their
light resembles a bluish star about the centre of the shell, which
will be beautifully luminous in a dark room.

LIGHT FROM DERBYSHIRE SPAR.

Pound, coarsely, some of the dark blue or the fetid variety of
Derbyshire spar ; heat it in a dark room, in a platinum spoon, over
the low flame of a spirit-lamp, and the spar will shine with a
beautiful purple tint.

Pounded swinestone, calcareous spar, and powdered quartz, will
also give out light, if strewn upon a fire-shovel which has been
heated red-hot, and has just ceased glowing.

"A variety of fluor spar, found in granite in Siberia, will shine
in the dark, when warmed, with a remarkably strong phosphorescent



62 , LIGHT AND HEAT,

light, increasing as the temperature is raised. ‘The light augments
-when the spar is plunged into water; and in boiling water, the
spar becomes so luminous that the letters of a printed book can be
seen in a dark room near the glass containing it.

Another variety of fluor spar, also found in Siberia, is of a
pale violet colour, and emits a white light merely by the heat of
the hand; and ‘when put into boiling water, it will give out a
green light.

LIGHT FROM OYSTER-SHELLS.

Put oyster-shells into a common fire ; burn them for about half
an hour: then remove them into a dark room, when many of the
shells will exhibit beautiful specimens of prismatic colours.

RINGS OF LIGHT IN CRYSTAL.

This is one of the most striking of optical exhibitions, and may
be thus simply produced. Provide a sheet of clear ice, about an
inch thick, frozen in still weather; let the light fall through . the
ice upon a pane of window-glass, or a polished table, and by placing
a fragment of plate-glass near the eye as a reflector, the most
beautiful rings of light may be observed.

TO STRIKE LIGHT WITH CANE.
Strike a piece of rattan cane with a steel, and it contains so
much silex, or flint, that it will exhibit sparks of light in the dark.
CAUSE OF TRANSPARENCY.

Moisten a piece of paper, and it will appear more transparent
than when in its natural state ; the cause of which is as follows: a,



LIGHT AND HEAT, 63

piece of dry, paper has its pores obstructed with finely interwoven
threads; these are broken by the liquor, which also fills the pores
as so many small tubes, and permits the light to pass through it,
whereas the dry threads had hitherto prevented its passage.

TRANSPARENCY OF GOLD.

All bodies are more or less transparent. Thus, though gold is
one of the densest metals, yet, if a piece of the thinnest gold-leaf
be held up to a candle, the light will pass through it; and that it
passes through the substance of the metal, and not through cracks
or holes too small to be detected by the eye, is evident from the
colour of the transmitted light, which is green.

TINT CHANGED BY THICKNESS,

Provide a piece of plain and polished smalt-blue glass, such as
sugar-basins and finger-glasses are made of. It should be of
unequal thickness. Look through this glass at a strong light, as
that from the crack of a window-shutter in a darkened room, and,
at the thinnest part, the colour will be purely blue. As the thick-
ness increases, a purple tinge will come on, which will become
more and more ruddy ; and, if the glass be very thick, the colour
will pass to a deep red.

SHADOWS MADE DARKER BY INCREASED LIGHT.

Hold a finger between a candle and the wall, and it will cast a
shadow of a certain darkness: then place another candle in the
same line with the other from the wall, andthe shadow will
appear doubly dark, although there will be more light in the room
than before. Then separate the candles, and place them s0 as to
produce two shadows of the finger, one partly overlapping the
other, and that part will be of double darkness, as compared with
the remainders.



64 LIGHT AND HEAT.

MINIATURE THUNDER AND LIGHTNING.

To imitate thunder, provide a thin sheet of iron; hold it by
one corner between the finger and thumb, and allow it to hang
freely by its own weight. Then shake the hand horizontally, so
as to agitate the corner in a direction at right angles to the surface
of the sheet. Thus you may produce a great variety of sounds,
from the deep growl of distant thunder to those loud claps which
rattle in rapid succession immediately over our heads. The same
effect may be produced by sheets of tinned iron, or tin-plate, and
by thin plates of mica; but the sound is shorter and more acute.

Partial flashes of lightning, aurora borealis, &c. may be beauti-
fully imitated by taking in a spoon about a dram of the seeds of
lycopodium, and throwing them against a lighted candle, all other |
light being excluded from the room.

A similar effect may be produced, by laying some powdered
resin on a piece of paper, and fillipping it with the finger against
the flame of a candle.

THE BURNING GLASS.

If, when the sun shines brightly, a piece of paper be held in
the focus of the rays drawn by the burning-glass, it will take fire.
This experiment succeeds best with brown or any dark-coloured
paper; for, though the glass will collect an equal number of rays
upon white as upon coloured paper, the white paper reflects the
rays instead of allowing them to enter it; hence the white is not
so soon burnt as the coloured paper, which absorbing more light
than it reflects, soon becomes heated, and takes fire.

MAGIC OF HEAT.

Melt a small quantity of the sulphate of potass and copper in
a spoon over a spirit-lamp; it will be fused at a heat just below



LIGHT AND HEAT. 65

redness, and produce a liquid of a dark green colour. Remove the
spoon from the flame, when the liquid will become a solid of a
brilliant emerald-green colour, and so remain till its heat sinks
nearly to that of boiling water, when suddenly a commotion will
take place throughout the mass, beginning from the surface, and
each atom, asif animated, will start up and separate itself from the
rest, till, in a few moments, the whole will become a heap of
powder.

REPULSION BY HEAT.

Provide two small pieces of glass; sprinkle a minute portion of
sulphur upon one piece, lay thin slips of wood around it, and place
upon it the other piece of glass. Move them slowly over the flame
of a lamp or candle, and the sulphur will become sublimed, and
form grey nebulous patches, which are very curious microscopic
objects. Each cluster consists of thousands of transparent glo-
bules, imitating, in miniature, the nebule which we see figured
in treatises on astronomy. By observing the largest particles, we
shall find them to be flattened on one side. Being very transpa-
rent, each of them acts the part of a little lens, and forms in its
focus the image of a distant light, which gan be perceived even
in the smaller globules, until it vanishes from minuteness. If they
are examined again after a certain number of hours, the smaller
globules will generally be found to have retained their transparency,
while the larger ones will have become opaque, in consequence
of the sulphur having undergone some internal spontaneous change.
But the most remarkable circumstance attending this experi-
ment is, that the globules are found adhering to the upper glass
only; the reason of which is, that the upper glass is somewhat
cooler than the lower one ; by which means we see that the vapour ,
of sulphur is very powerfully repelled by heated glass. The

F

¢



66 LIGHT AND HEAT.

flattened form of the particles is owing to the force with which
they endeavour to recede from the lower glass, and their consequent
pressure against the surface of the upper one. This experiment is
considered by its originator, Mr. H. F. Talbot, F.R.S., to be a
satisfactory argument in favour of the repulsive power of heat.

HEAT PASSING THROUGH GLASS.

The following experiment is also by Mr. Talbot :—Heat a
poker bright-red hot, and having opened a window, apply the
poker quickly very near to the outside of a pane, and the
hand to the inside; a strong heat will be felt at the instant,
which will cease as soon as the poker is withdrawn, and may
be again renewed, and made to cease as quickly as before.
Now, it is well known, that if a piece of glass is so much
warmed as to convey the impression of heat to the hand, it will
retain some part of that heat for a minute or more; but, in this
experiment, the heat will vanish in a moment. It will not, there-
fore, be the heated pane of glass that we shall feel, but heat which
has come through the glass, in a free or radiant state.

METALS UNEQUALLY INFLUENCED BY HEAT.

All metals do not conduct heat at the same rate, as may be
proved by holding in the flame of a candle at the same time, a
piece of silver wire, and a piece of platina wire, when the silver
wire will become too hot to hold, much sooner than the platina. Or,
cut a cone of each wire, tip it with wax, and place it upon a
heated plate (as a fire-shovel), when the wax will melt at different
periods.



LIGHT AND HEAT. 67

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION.
e

Mix a little chlorate of potass with spirit of wine in a atrong
saucer ; add a little sulphuric acid, and an orange vapour »will
arise and burst into flame.

INEQUALITY OF HEAT IN FIRE-IRONS.

Place before a brisk fire a set of polished fire-irons, and beside
them a rough unpolished poker, such as is used in a kitchen, or
instead of a bright poker. The polished irons will remain for a
long time without becoming warmer than the temperature of the
room, because the heat radiated from the fire is all reflected, or
thrown off, by the polished surface of the irons, and none of it is
absorbed. The rough poker will, however, become speedily hot,
so as not to be used without inconvenience. Hence, the polish of
fire-irons is not merely ornamental but useful.

EXPANSION OF METAL BY HEAT.

Provide an iron rod, and fit it exactly into a metal ring ; heat
the rod red-hot, and it will no longer enter the ring.

Observe an iron gate on a warm day, when it will shut with
difficulty ; whereas, it will shut loosely and easily on a cold day.

EVAPORATION OF A METAL.

Rub a globule of mercury upon a silver spoon, and the two
metals will combine with a white appearance ; heat the spoon care-
fully in the flame of a spirit lamp, when the mercury will volatilize
and disappear, and the spoon may then be polished until it recovers

r2



68 LIGHT AND HEAT.

its usual lustre: if, however, the mercury be left for some time
on the spoon, the solid texture of the silver will be destroyed
throughout, and then the silver can only be recovered by heating
it in a ladle.

A FLOATING METAI. ON FIRE.

Throw a small piece of that marvellous substance, potassium,
into a basin of water, and it will swim upon the surface, and burn
with a beautiful light, of a red colour mixed with violet. When
moderately heated in the air, potassium takes fire, and burns with
a red light.

HEAT AND COLD FROM FLANNEL.

Put a piece of ice into a basin, which wrap up in many folds
of flannel, and the ice may be preserved for some time by the
fireside.

ICE MELTED BY AIR.

If two pieces of ice be placed in a warm room, one of them
may be made to melt much sooner than the other, by blowing on
it with a pair of bellows.

TO HOLD A HOT TEA-KETTLE ON THE HAND.

Be sure that the bottom of the kettle is well covered with soot;
when the water in it boils, remove it from the fire, and place it
upon the palm of the hand; no inconvenience will be felt, as the
soot will prevent the heat being transmitted, from the water within
and the heated metal, to the hand.



LIGHT AND HEAT. 69

INCOMBUSTIBLE LINEN.

Make a strong solution of borax in water, and steep in it linen,
muslin, or any article of clothing ; when dry, they cannot easily
be inflamed.

THE BURNING CIRCLE.

Light a stick, and whirl it round with a rapid motion, when its
burning end will produce a complete circle of light, although that
end can only be in one part of the circle at the same instant.
This is caused by the duration of the impression of light upon
the retina. Another example is, that during the twinkling of the
eye we never lose sight of the object we are viewing.

WATER OF DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES IN THE SAME VESSEL.

Of heat and cold, as of wit and madness, it may be said that
“ thin partitions do their bounds divide.” Thus, paint one-half of
the surface of a tin-pot with a mixture of lamp-black and size, and
leave the other half, or side, bright; fill the vessel with boiling
water, and by dipping a thermometer, or even the finger, into it
shortly after, it will be found to cool much more rapidly upon the
blackened than upon the bright side of the pot.

WARMTH OF DIFFERENT COLOURS.

Place upon the surface of snow, as upon the window-sill, in
bright daylight or sunshine, pieces of cloth of the same size and
quality, but of different colours, black, blue, green, yellow, and
white : the black cloth will soon melt the snow beneath it, and sink
downwards; next the blue, and then the green; the yellow but
slightly; but the snow beneath the white cloth will be as firm

as at first.



70 LIGHT AND HEAT.

SUBSTITUTE FOR FIRE.

Put into a cup a lump of quick-lime, fresh from the kiln, pour
water upon it, and the heat will be very great. A pailful of
quick-lime, if dipped in water, and shut closely into a box con-
structed for the purpose, will give out sufficient heat to warm a
room, even in very cold weather.





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GAS AND STEAM.

SO

LAUGHING GAS.

RAVE HE above fanciful appellation has been given to
nitrous oxide, from the very agreeable sensa-
) tions excited by inhaling it. In its pure state
. it destroys animal life, but loses this noxious
DX) quality when inhaled, because it becomes
2%) blended with the atmospheric air which it
meets in the lungs. This gas is made by”
putting three or four drams of nitrate of ammonia, in crystals,
‘into a small glass retort, which being held over a spirit-lamp, the
crystals will melt, and the gas be evolved.

_ Having thus produced the gas, it is to be passed into a large
bladder, having a stop-cock ; and when you are desirous of exhibit-
ing its effects, you cause the person who wishes to experience them,
to first exhale the atmospheric air from the lungs, and then quickly





74 GAS AND STEAM.

placing the cock in his mouth, you turn it, and bid him inhale the
gas. Immediately, a sense of extraordinary cheerfulness, fanciful
flights of imagination, an uncontrollable propensity to laughter,
and a consciousness of being capable of great muscular exertion,
supervene. It does not operate in exactly the same manner on all
persons ; but in most cases the sensations are agreeable, and have
this important difference from those produced by wine or spirituous
liquors, that they are not succeeded by any depression of mind.

THE LUMINOUS WAND.

Cover a long slip of wood, half way, with sulphur, by immer-
sion while in a melted state. Having prepared a jar of nitrous
oxide gas, as in preceding experiments, light the sulphur, and
plunge the wand into the jar. The gas will extinguish the flame.
Withdraw the wand, light it again, and when the flame is very
brilliant, immerse it again in the jar. It will this time burn with
great splendour, and of a beautiful red colour.

TO MAKE CARBONIC ACID GAS.

Put about an ounce of marble in small lumps, into an eight-
ounce phial, with about an equal quantity of water; pour in a
little muriatic acid, and carbonic acid gas will be evolved.

CARBONIC ACID GAS IN WINE OR BEER VESSELS.

The apparently empty or upper part of vessels in which wine
or beer is working, is filled with this deleterious gas; for its
great weight prevents its ascent from the fermenting liquid. A
variety of striking but simple experiments may be made with the



GAS AND STEAM. 75

gas in this condition. Lighted paper, or a candle dipped into it,
will be immediately extinguished ; and the smoke remaining in
the carbonic acid gas will render its surface visible, which may be
thrown into waves by agitation, like water. In consequence of
the great weight of the carbonic acid gas, it may be taken from
a vat of fermenting liquor, in a jug or bottle, and in the latter, if
well corked, it may be conveyed to great distances; or the gas
may be drawn out of a vessel by a cock, like a liquid.

TO EXTINGUISH FLAME WITH GAS,

The effects produced by pouring carbonic acid gas from one
vessel to another, have a very singular appearance; if a lighted
candle be placed in a jar, and the gas be poured upon it, the

_ flame will be extinguished in a few seconds, though the eye is
incapable of distinguishing that anything is poured out.

EFFECT OF HYDROGEN ON THE VOICE.

Make a hole through a wine cork of sufficient size to admit a
smaller cork ; through which make another hole, and fix it into
the larger one. Tie the corks thus fixed into the neck of a
bullock’s bladder, previously exhausted of air; let a tube from a
bottle generating hydrogen pass very tightly through the aperture
in the small cork, and the gas will distend and fill the bladder.
The instant it is full, withdraw the inner cork, and either prevent
the escape of the gas by means of the thumb, or cork it closely, till
the operator is ready to breathe the gas ; to do which, he should
put the open cork into his mouth, and take one inspiration, when,
on immediately speaking, his voice will be remarkably shrill. The
effect will pass off in a few seconds.



76 GAS AND STEAM.

MAGIC TAPER.

Provide a piece of copper wire, about ten inches long, and fix
at one end of it a piece of wax taper: take a pint bottle of hydro-
gen, and place the mouth downwards ; light the taper, introduce it
into the bottle, and the gas will take fire, and burn slowly towards
the mouth, where it is in contact with the air. If, however, the
taper be passed up into the bottle, it will be extinguished; but, on
gently withdrawing it through the burning hydrogen, the wick will
be rekindled. This may be done several times in succession with
the same portion of gas.

THE GAS CANDLE.

Provide a strong glass bottle which will contain about eight
ONG ounces, or half a pint, into which put a few pieces
= ‘= of zinc; then mix half an ounce of sulphuric acid
“ul ¥ with four ounces of water, and pour it into the bottle
upon the zinc; fit the mouth closely with a cork,
through which put a metal tube which ends upward in
a fine opening: the mixture in the bottle will soon
effervesce, and hydrogen gas will rise through the tube.
When it has escaped for about a minute, apply a lighted
paper to the tube, and the gas will burn like a candle,
but with a pale flame. Its brightness may be increased
to brilliance, by sifting over it a small quantity of mag-
nesia.



GAS BUBBLES.

Provide a bladder, fill it with hydrogen gas, to be made as for
the last experiment, and fit the end of a tobacco-pipe closely
into the bladder; dip the bowl of the pipe into soap and water, and,



GAS AND STEAM. 77

by pressing the bladder, soap-bubbles will be formed, filled with
hydrogen gas; which bubbles, or balloons, will rise in the air, and
keep there for some time.

GAS-LIGHT IN THE DAY-TIME.

Light a stream of hydrogen gas, and it will be scarcely visible
in the day-light ; but place in it a small coil of platinum wire, or
project a little oxide of zinc through the flame, and it will become
very luminous.

MINIATURE BALLOONS,

One of the simplest and most beautiful experiments in aérosta-
tion, is to take a turkey’s maw, or stomach, properly prepared,
and to fill it either with pure hydrogen gas, or the carburetted
hydrogen produced from coal. If the balloon be then allowed to
escape in the open air, it will ascend rapidly in the atmosphere :
but the best method of shewing the experiment, is to let the
balloon off a high staircase, and observe it ascend to the cupola or
light, where it will remain near the highest point till the escape
of the gas allow it to descend. The prepared maw for this balloon
may be purchased of any optician.

MINIATURE GAS-LIGHTING.

Bicarburetted hydrogen is the principal constituent of the gas
burned in the streets: it is procured from coal, and the process
may readily be performed on a small scale. Put about two ounces
of pounded coal into an earthen retort, and fix a glass tube into
the neck, terminating in an aperture of one-fifth of an inch in
diameter ; heat the retort red-hot, and apply the flame of a taper



78 GAS AND STEAM.

to the orifice of the tube, when the gas will burn with a bright
white light, very different from that afforded by the combustion of
hydrogen; a circumstance owing to the presence of particles of
carbon in the carburet, which being intensely ignited, are highly
luminous.

It is no less strange than true, that bicarburetted hydrogen, the
substance which we so largely consume to illuminate our towns, is
ether when united to water in one proportion, and spirit when
combined with it in another ; a fluid which constitutes the strength
of all wines, beer, and fermented liquors.

MUSICAL GAS.

Into a half-pint glass bottle, -putsome zinc, granulated by
being melted in a ladle, and then poured gradually into water.

- Add some sulphuric acid, diluted with eight parts
by weight of water. Then pass a glass tube with a
capillary bore, through a cork, which you have pre-
viously made to closely fit the bottle, and cork the
bottle well. Ina short time, the atmospheric air will
% be expelled, and hydrogen gas will rise through the
tube ; you then apply a light, and the gas will become
ignited. If you now hold another glass tube, about
eighteen or twenty inches long, over the flame, suffi-
ciently wide to enclose the other tube very loosely (see
engraving), the little speck of flame will sport along
the larger tube, and musical sounds will be produced,
which may be varied by using other tubes of different
dimensions, and made of different materials; the wide
tubes forming the lower, and the narrow tubes the upper notes.





GAS AND STEAM. 79

MINIATURE WILL 0’-THE-WISP.

Put 2 small piece or two of the phosphuret of lime into a saucer
of water, when bubbles of phosphuretted hydrogen gas will rise to
the surface, explode into flame, and cause a white smoke ; repre-
senting, on a small scale, the ignis fatuus, or will o'-the-wisp, as
seen over marshy ground, or stagnant pools of water.

PHOSPHORIC ILLUMINATION.

A light so brilliant that the eye can scarcely bear to contem-
plate it, is produced by the immersion of phosphorus in oxygen
gas. To perform this experiment, you place a piece of phosphorus
in a copper cup, of the circumference of a sixpence, which is
fastened to a thick piece of iron wire, attached to a cork which fits
a bottle (as in the foregoing experiment) filled with oxygen gas.
Set fire to the phosphorus, and quickly plunge it into the bottle ;
when the splendour of the combustion will be surpassingly beau-
tiful.

It is necessary to observe, that the heat is so excessive, that if
the piece of phosphorus in this experiment be larger than a small
pea, there will be great danger of breaking the bottle.

COMBUSTION OF IRON IN OXYGEN GAS.

Twist a piece of fine iron wire, such as is used by piano-forte
makers, round a cylindrically-shaped piece of wood or metal, which
will give it a spiral form ; or a broken watch-spring, which may be
bought for a trifle of the watchmakers, will answer the same
purpose. Fasten round one end of it some waxed cotton thread or
twine, and attach the other end to a cork, which fits a glass jar or
bottle that will hold a quart, filled with oxygen gas. Having
made the wire red-hot by setting light to the thread, plunge it into



80 GAS AND STEAM.

the bottle. Do not cork the bottle, but let the cork merely lay on
the mouth, and to prevent its being burned a small piece of lead
should be fastened to the bottom of it. The iron will instantly
begin to burn with great brilliancy, throwing out luminous scin-
tillations.

To prevent the bottle from being broken by the sparks, a small
quantity of sand should be previously poured into it.

GLOW-WORM IN OXYGEN GAS.

If a glow-worm be placed in a jar of oxygen gas, in a dark
room, it will shine with a far surpassing brilliancy to that which
it exhibits in atmospheric air.

LUMINOUS CHARCOAL.

Attach a small piece of charcoal to the end of a copper wire ;
make it red-hot, and immerse it in a jar of oxygen gas. The
charcoal will burn with great brilliance, throwing out splendid scin-
tillations. The bark of the wood converted into charcoal must be
selected, otherwise there will be no scintillations.

BRILLIANT COMBUSTION IN OXYGEN.

Place in a bottle of oxygen ‘gas a lighted taper, and it will
burn with a flame of increased brilliancy.

Extinguish ‘the taper immediately ; put it into the same or
another bottle of oxygen, and it will be again lighted, provided a
spark remain on the wick.

Bend a piece of iron wire in a spiral form, and tie on to one
end some cotton or flax; sprinkle some flour of sulphur on it, set
it on fire, dip it into a bottle of oxygen gas, and beautiful corrusca-
tions will be thrown off the wire.



GAS AND STEAM. 81

FLAME FROM COLD METALS.

Provide a bottle of the gas chlorine, which may be purchased of
any operative chemist, and with it you may exhibit some brilliant
experiments.

For example, reduce a small piece of the metal antimony to a
very fine powder in a mortar ; place some of this on a bent card,
then loosen the stopper of the bottle of chlorine, and throw in the
antimony, it will take fire spontaneously, and burn with much
splendour; thus exhibiting a cold metal spontaneously bursting
into flame.

If, however, a Jump of antimony be dropped into the chlorine,
there will be no spontaneous combustion, nor, immediate change :
but, in the course of time, the antimony will become incrusted with
a white powder, and no chlorine will be found in the bottle.

Or, provide copper in fine leaves, known as “ Dutch metal ;”
slightly breathe on one end of a glass rod, about ten inches long, and
cause one or two leaves of the metal to adhere to the damp end;
then open a bottle of chlorine, quickly plunge in the leaves, when
they will instantly take fire, and burn with a fine red light, leaving
in the bottle a greenish-yellow solid substance.

A small Jump of copper, or “ Dutch metal,” will not burn as
above, but will be slowly acted upon, like the antimony.

Immerse gold leaf in a jar of chlorine gas, and combustion with
a beautiful green flame will take place.

PHOSPHORUS IN CHLORINE.

Put into a deflagrating spoon about four grains of phosphorus, "
and let it down into a bottle of chlorine, when the phosphorus will |
ignite instantaneously,

@



82 GAS AND STEAM+

Or, fold a slip of blotting-paper into a match five inches long ;
dip it into oil of turpentine, drain it an instant, drop it into another
bottle of chlorine, when it will burst into a flame, and deposit much
carbon.

CAOUTCHOUC BALLOONS.

Put a little ether into a bottle of caoutchouc, close it tightly,
soak it in hot water, and it will become inflated to a considerable
size. These globes may be made so thin as to be transparent.

A piece of caoutchouc, the size of a walnut, has thus been ex-
tended to a ball fifteen inches in diameter ; and a few years since, a
caoutchouc balloon, thus made, escaped from Philadelphia, and was
found 130 miles from that city.

TO INCREASE THE LIGHT OF COAL GAS.

Lay apiece of wire-gauze upon the glass chimney of a common
argand gas burner, when the flame will be enlarged to twice its
former dimensions, and its light fully doubled. If the experiment
be made with a common argand oil-lamp, the flame will be often
enlarged, but so discoloured as to yield less light,

GAS FROM INDIAN RUBBER.

Put caoutchoucine, or the spirit distilled from caoutchouc,
or Indian rubber, into a phial, little more than sufficient to cover
the bottom, and the remainder of the phial will be filled with a
heavy yapour; pour this off the spirit into another phial, apply
to it a piece of lighted paper, and the vapour will burn with 4
brilliant flame.



GAS AND STEAM, 83

ETHER GAS,

Let fall a few drops of ether into a large drinking-glass, and

cover it with a plate for afew minutes; during this time, the glass

' will be filled with vapour from the ether, so that, on removing the

plate, and applying a piece of lighted paper at the mouth of the glass,

the invisible vapour will take fire; thus proving how readily a vola-
tile fluid, such as ether, combines with the air.

MAGIC VAPOUR.

Provide a glass tube, about three feet long and half an inch in
diameter, nearly fill it with water, upon the surface of which pour 4
little coloured ether; then close the open end of the tube carefully
with the palm of the hand, invert it in a basin of water, and rest
the tube against the wall: the ether will rise through the water to
the upper end of the tube; pour a little hot water over the tube,
and it will soon cause the ether to boil within, and its vapour may
thus be made to drive nearly all the water out of the tube into the
basin ; if, however, you then cool the tube by pouring cold water
over it, the vaporized ether will again become a liquid, and float
upon the water as before.

GAS FROM THE UNION OF METALS,

Nearly fill a wine-glass with diluted sulphuric acid, and place
in it a wire of silver and another of zinc, taking care that they do
not touch each other; when the zinc will be changed by the acid,
but the silver will remain inert. But, cause the upper ends of
the wires to touch each other, and a stream of gas will issue
from them.

o2

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PARLOUR MAGIC,


To furnish the ingenious youth with the means of relieving
the tediousness of a long winter’s, or a wet summer's
evening,—to enable him to provide, for a party of juvenile
friends, instructive as well as recreative entertainment,
without having recourse to any of the vulgar modes of
killing time,—to qualify the hero of his little circle to
divert and astonish his friends, and, at the same time, to
improve himself, are the principal objects of the follow-

ing little Work.

The boy whose wonder and curiosity have been excited

by the experiments of the scientific lecturer, the illusions
a2
vi PREFACE.

of the ventriloquist, or the deceptions of the exhibitor of
feats of manual dexterity, will here find many of these
mysteries unveiled, and plain directions for performing them,
divested, as far as possible, of scientific or technical lan-
guage. Many of the descriptions are strictly original, and
now, for the first time, appear in print; and especial care
has been taken to introduce only such Experiments as are
adapted for performance at the parlour or drawing-room
table or fire-side, and such as are practicable without
expensive chemical or mechanical apparatus, and require
no implements beyond those which any ingenious youth
may readily furnish from his own resources, or at a

trifling expense.

Another object of these pages is to inform, without
being dryly scientific.—by imparting interesting facts, to
stimulate the young experimentalist to inquire into the laws

that regulate them,—by aiding him to acquire dexterity
PREFACE. Vil

of practice, to smooth the road to the development of
principles,—and, above all, to enable him to escape an
imputation which every boy of spirit would consider the

depth of disgrace,—that of being ‘“ No Conjuror !”




LONDON:
TIL£ AND BOGUE, FLEET STREET.


TRANSMUTATIONS.

Page




The Spectral Lamp .....-+++++
Curious Change of Colours
The Protean Light ........
The Chameleon Flowers ..
To Change the Colours of Flowers...
Changes of the Poppy ....+..++++

To change the Colour of a Rose...
Light changing White into Black
The Visibly growing Acorn ..
Changes in Sap-Green .........
To revive apparently dead Plants.
Singular effect of Tears..
Beauties of Crystalization
To crystalize Camphor ..
Crystalized Tin ........
Crystals in hard Water..
Varieties of Crystals .....
Heat from Crystalization ..
Splendid Sublimation..














COMPS MAHNNVNNAAAH PPP ww] ww Dw

Wine changed into Water... agate 40!
Two colourless transparent ‘Liquids
become black and opaque ......... 10
Two colourless Fluids make a co-
loured one ....
Change of colour by colourless
PIUIAS ......000000 serseeeees teas 10
To change a Blue Liquid to ‘White. . ll
Veritable “ Black” Tea.
Restoration of Colour by Water
The Magic Writing ........
Two Liquids make a Solid ..
Two Solids make a Liquid ............. 12
A solid opaque mass made a trans-
parent Liquid......secssererrsereeeee 12
Two cold Liquids make a hot one ... 12
Quadruple Transmutation ............ 13
Quintuple Transmutation . ise
Combination of Colours..........+++++++
Union of two Metals without heat. « 13
Magic Breath ... a
Two Bitters make a Sweet ...
Visible and Invisible .......... iearesesses 14

















SIGHT AND SOUND.

eooe 15

sresceseerere 16




Single Vision with two Eyes ......... 17
Two objects s€eN 88 ONE «seve 17
x CONTENTS.

Only one Te can be seen at a
CME 2... ceecer cee coee











Pin-hole Focus..
Optical Deception
Accuracy of Sight .
Visual Deception...
Handwriting upon the Wal
Imitative Haloes...... sees
To read a Coin in the asik .
To make @ Prism ....sssee see
Optical Augmentation ....
Gold Fish in a glass Globe . os
Colours produced by the unequal
action of Light upon the _— esneee 24
Optical Deception ....0.s.sessereereer eee
Coloured Shadows ..
Colours of Scratches
Ocular Spectra
Beautiful Colours of Mother of
PRE cenccsnerstscesrestsovensincnicnsnsse SB
White Letters seen further than
Black ....++++
Artificial Rainbow ..
Fringe about a Candle .......... 0
The Double Coloured Reflection .... 28
Luminous Cross ....scsceserscseseseerene 28
Ring of Colours round a Candle...... 28
Simple and Cheap Opera-glass ....... 29
Multiplying Theatres.......0.s.0e+ 29
Apparatus for Writing in the
Dark sevccsere










Page
Portable Microscope ......ssseeeereeee Sl
The Phenakisticope, or Stoboscope... 32
To look at the Sun without injury... 33
Brilliant Water Mirror .........+.. 33
Optical Illusion under Water 33
The Magic Wheels... 34
Acoustic Rainbow ... . 35
Transmission of Sound oe 35
Progress of Sound ...... ous 37
Sound turning Corners.......... 37
To tell the distance of Thunder ...... 38
Hearing by the Touch ........000+. 38


















Conversation for the Deaf. 38
Glass broken by the Voice oo 39
Figures produced by Sound............ 39
Transmitted Vibration ... 40
Double Vibration .......... + 40
Champagne and Sound ...... » 40
Music from Palisades ... . . 41
Theory of the Jew’s Harp... . 41
Music of the Snail .......00.s000 . 42

To tune a Guitar without the assist-
ance of the Ear ........sssesssssere 42
Music from Glass or Metal Rods ... 42
The Tuning-fork a Flute-player..
Musical Bottles ........00
Theory of Whispering
Theory of the Voice ...
Sound along a Wall ...
Sounds more audible by Night than
by Day ....c0e0 45
Musical Echo
Ventriloquism ....










LIGHT AND HEAT.

Flashes of Light upon revolving
Wheels ....... “

Decomposition of Light.

Solar Refraction ....+..0++0++






Theatrical Incantations........0+
To imitate the Light of the Sea ......
Instantaneous Lights... 54
To colour the Flame of a Candle .... 55


CONTENTS. xi

Page

To divide the Flame of a Candle ... 55
Cane Wick Lamp .........seseeeee
Camphor and Platinum Lamp.
Platinum and Ether Lamp ..
Floating Light ............s0000
Substitute for a Wax Taper.
Phosphorescent Fish ......
The Luminous Spectre ...
Light, a Painter ........ccseccseesesseeeee 58
Effect of Light upon Crystalization . 58
Effect of Light on Plants ... ‘

Instantaneous Light upon Ice...
White Light from Zine.......0..0.s0s0
Brilliant Light from two Metals...... 59
Brilliant Light from Steel ...












Light from a Flower...
Light from Sugar ....
Light from the Potato
Light from the Oyster ...
Light from Derbyshire Spar
Light from Oyster-shells ....
Rings of Light in Crystal ...
To strike Light with Cane












Tint changed by Thickness ...



Shadows made darker by increased
Miniature Thunder and Lightning... 64







Heat passing through Glass..
Metals unequally influenced %

Heat ....
Spontaneous Combustion .
Inequality of Heat in Fire-iron’
Expansion of Metal by Heat ..
Evaporation of a Metal.....
A Floating Metal on Fire ..
Heat and Cold from Flannel
Ice melted by Air...
To hold a hot Tea-

Hani sccsssseveszenrves
Incombustible Linen ..
The Burning Circle ...
Water of different Temperatures is

the same Vessel ............000+
Warmth of different Colours
Substitute for Fire.......ccssceereserere 70



eee



CAS AND STEAM.






The Luminous Wand ...

To make Carbonic Acid Gas ...
Carbonic Acid Gas in Wine or Beer
To extinguish Flame with Gas
Effect of Hydrogen on the Voice .
Magic Taper .......
The Gas Candle ...
Gas Bubbles .......



Gas-light in the day-time...........066. 77





Miniature Balloons 77
Miniature Gas-lighting.. 7
Musical Gas .........0000 78

Miniature Will o’-the-wisp

Combustion of Iron in Oxygen Gas. 79
Glow-worm in Oxygen Gas..........

Brilliant Combustion in Oxygen..... 80
xii CONTENTS

Page
Flame from Cold Metale ........0+00.. 81
Phosphorus in Chlorine .... 81
Caoutchouc Balloons .. . 82
To increase the light of Coal Gas . 82
Gas from Indian Rubber ...... . 82
Ether Gas .. . 83
Magic Vapour . . 83
Gas from the Union of Metals . 83
Invisible Gases made Visible . &
Light under Water.......cscesseseseee 84







FIRE, WATER,


















Coloured Flames 91
Yellow Flame........ 92
Orange-coloured Flame .. 92
Emerald Green Flame. 92
Instantaneous Flame ... - 92
The Cup of Flame........ seve 93
To cool Flame by Metal . 93
Proof that Flame is Hollow . 93
Camphor sublimed by Flame. 93
Green Fire .........s000

Brilliant Red Fire.. 94
Purple Fire 94
Silver Fire ........00. 95
The Fiery Fountain .. 95
The Artificial Conflagration 95
Inflammable Powder .........++++« 95
Combustion without Flame .... 96

Combustion of Three Metals ......... 96
To make Paper Incombustible .. 96
Singular ie aR with Glass

Tubes ... 96
Aquatic Bomb .. ven 97
Heat not to be estimated “by

Touch..... nierenee (Or
Flame upon Water .. coovee 98



Rose-coloured Flame on Water cere 98

4







Gaseous Evanescence...........
Violet-coloured Gas ..
To collect Gases ...
The Deflagrating Spoon..
What is Steam ?.. ase
The Steam Engine simpli .
To boil Water by Steam .
Distillation in Miniature
Candle or Fire Crackers
Steam from the Kettle ........ssesssress



AND AIR.

To set a Mixture on Fire with




Water oosecseovss 98
Waves of Fire on ‘Water 98
Explosion in Water 99

Water from the Flame ofa Candle... 99
Formation of Water by Fire ......... 99























Boiling upon Cold Water . - 99
Currents in Boiling Water - 100
Hot Water lighter than Cold - 100
Expansion of Water by Cold - 100
The Cup of Tantalus ... - 101
Imitative Diving Bell ... . 101
The Water-proof Sieve... 102
More than full ..........0 - 102
To cause Wine aca Water to
change places ....... see 102
Pyramid of Alum... - 102
Visible Vibration ...... - 103
Charcoal in Sugar ...... 104
Floating Needles + 104
Water in a Sling ... 104
Attraction in a Glass of Water ...... 104

To prevent Cork floating in Water... 105
Instantaneous Freezing ........ » 105
To freeze Water with Ether 105
Production of Nitre .....csssseereeeee 106




CONTENTS. xi

Page
Curious Transposition .........0+++ ave 106
Animal Barometer . ++ 106
Magic Soap ... 106




Equal Ereanite ‘of Water. we 107
To empty a Glass under Water...... 107
To empty a Glass of Water without

touching it. «. 107











Decomposition of Water. 108
Water heavier than Wine 108
To inflate a Bladder without Air... 108
Air and Water Balloon. - 108
Heated Air Balloon .... . 109
The Pneumatic Tinder-box . 109
The Bacchus Experiment 109
The Mysterious Circles - 110
Prince Rupert’s Drops........++s0e0 112

SLEIGHTS AND

The Ring and the Handkerchief... 125
The Knotted Handkerchief 126
The Invisible Springs .... 128
The Miraculous Apple. 129
The Self-balanced Pail........... 130
The Phantom at command 130
The Miraculous Shilling... . 132
The Locomotive Shilling. 133
The Penetrative Sixpence 134
The Vanishing Sixpence ... . 134
Tomake a Sixpence balance and aor
on its edge on the point of a Needle 135
The Multiplying Coin wwe 135
The Wonderful Hat.. . 136
To bring a Person down apo a
Feather... poaeeseeseensncee . 136
The netentt Impossibility... . 137
An Omelet Cooked in a Hat | over
the Flame of a Candle ... . 187
The Impossible Omelet ... - 138
Go if you can........06. . 138
The Figure Puzzle .. 138






























Vegetable Hygrometer......
The Pneumatic Dancer
The Ascending Snake ...
The Pneumatic Phial ......
Resin Bubbles
Moisture of the Atmosphere
Climates of a ROOM .........s+cereee ee
Bubbles in Champagne ...........0. 116
Proofs that Air is a heavy Fluid.... 116
To support a Pea on Air ..........066 117
Pyrophorus, or Air-tinder eas V7
Beauty of a Soap-bubble ... eos 118
Why a Guinea falls more quickly
than a Feather through the Air... 119
Solidity of Air . eves - 120
Breathing and Smelling .. . 120









SUBTLETIES.

The Visible Invisible .
The Double Meaning..
Quite tired out ..........
Something out of the Common
To rub one Sixpence into two .
Magic Circle .
The Forcing Feat..
The Nerve Feat ......
The Turn-over Feat. wn
To tell the Name of a Card

thought Of .......rccrccsrcrrrerserereree 144
A Card thought of by one Person, to

be found in a part of the Pack

named by another Person .......... 145
To tell the Names of the Cards by

the Weight .......ccccseserercerseseee 146
The Queens going to dig for

Diamonds .. sone . 148
The Card in the Egg deinaaenesn - 149
The Ingenious Confederacy os 152
The Changeable Cards 153
Hold it Fast!” cs. ssseseees












xiv CONTENTS.









































MELANGE.

Page Page
Illusions of Touch .. « 161 Glass broken by Sand .....-..seesee 172
IQusion of the Taste .. 162 To bleach Ivory.. . 172
The General Bleacher ... . 162 Vanishing Shells . wwe 172
Influence of coloured Glass on The Magic Egg ....... avoceonce, 0M
Dulbous Roots.....sssscecereerersere 163 The Magic — . soosse 178
The Spinning-top ‘ asleep” . 163 Magic Porcelain... «(175
To judge ofgWeights .......+++ . 164 A Galvanic Tongue. i wee 176
Quicksilver and Oil united... . 164 Drinking Porter out of Pewter: vee 176
To dissolve the Soda in Glass. 164 Electric or Galvanic Preservation.. 176
Waterproof Paper... cose we 165 Light from the Diamond.. renee Dee

To dissolve Gold or Platinum denen 165 To break a Stone with a oe of
Colder than Ice .......:::+0 165 iy FAME cssnca vevseaniosees 177
Contra-crystalization . 165 Mimic Frost-work . ae iT
One and one do not make two ...... 166 To melt Lead in a piece of Paper... 178
To copy Writing instantly... 166 Hydrostatic Balance ... we 128
The Rival Dials ...........» 166 Metallic Reduction .... ee 179

To spin Indian Rubber . 166 Electrical Attraction and Re-
Indelible Writing .... 167 pulsion ........0+ ens |)
Vegetable Anatomy... eseeees - 167 Alchemical Biectrclty. 180
To tell what o’Clock it is by the The Electric Balls... 1ateceee ee
MOON osesesesoeceseeceeoes - 168 The Electric Dance . cccosscre 163

169
169



The Physiognotype coseees
Infinite Divisibility of Matter .
Holding the Breath .......... 170
Sand in the Hour-Glass .... - 170
Resistance of Sand ........seseeeereee 171









Electric Light...........++ we 181
Electric Light from Brown Payer. +. 182
Sudden Production of Light ......... 182
Electricity of the Cat ....sssseesceee 182







IOS

She RY
Re Af Gxda

TRANSMUTATIONS.
—=?>>1n— >

THE SPECTRAL LAMP.









yet some common salt with spirit of wine in a
BK platinum or metallic cup; set the cup upon
Â¥ A, 8 wire frame over a spirit-lamp, which should
BS be inclosed on each side, or in a dark-lan-

sNeey ad) tern: when the cup becomes heated, and the
RSS spirit ignited, it will burn with a strong yellow
flame; if, however, it should not be perfectly

yellow, throw more salt into the cup. The lamp being thus pre-
pared, all other lights should be extinguished, and the yellow
lamp introduced, when an appalling change will be exhibited ;
all the objects in the room will be but of one colour, and the com-
plexions of the several persons, whether old or young, fair or
brunette, will be metamorphosed to a ghastly, death-like, yellow ;
whilst the gayest dresses, as the brightest crimson, the choicest
lilac, the most vivid blue or green—all will be changed into
one monotony of yellow: each person will be inclined to laugh

0G




2 TRANSMUTATIONS.

at his neighbour, himself insensible of being one of the spectral
company.

Their astonishment may be heightened by removing the yellow
light to one end of the room, and restoring the usual or white light
at the other; when one side of each person’s dress will resume
its original colour, while the other will remain yellow; one cheek
may bear the bloom of health, and the other, the yellow of jaundice.
Or if, when the yellow light only is burning, the white light be
introduced within a wire sieve, the company and the objects in the
apartment will appear yellow, mottled with white.

Red light may be produced by mixing with the spirit in the cup
over the lamp, salt of strontian instead of common salt; and the
effect of the white or yellow lights, if introduced through a sieve
upon the red light, will be even more striking than the white upon
the yellow light.

CURIOUS CHANGE OF COLOURS.

Let there be no other light than a taper in the room; then put
on a pair of dark green spectacles, and having closed one eye, view
the taper with the other. Suddenly remove the spectacles, and
the taper will assume a bright red appearance ; but, if the specta-
cles be instantly replaced, the eye will be unable to distinguish
any thing for a second or two. The order of colours will, therefore,
be as follows :—green, red, green, black.

THE PROTEAN LIGHT.
Soak a cotton wick in a strong solution of salt and water, dry it,
place it in a spirit-lamp, and, when lit, it will give a bright yellow
light for a long time. If you look through a piece of blue glass at
TRANSMUTATIONS. 3

the flame, it will lose all its yellow light, and you will only per-
ceive feeble violet rays. If, before the blue glass, you place a pale
yellow glass, the lamp will be absolutely invisible, though a candle
may be distinctly seen through the same glasses.

THE CHAMELEON FLOWERS.

Trim a spirit-lamp, add a little salt to the wick, and light it.
Set near it a scarlet geranium, and the flower will appear yellow.
Purple colours, in the same light, appear blue.

TO CHANGE THE COLOURS OF FLOWERS,

Hold over a lighted match, a purple columbine, or a blue
larkspur, and it will change first to pink, and then to black. The
yellow of other flowers, held as above, will continue unchanged.
Thus, the purple tint will instantly disappear from a heart’s-ease,
but the yellow will remain; and the yellow of a wall-flower will
continue the same, though the brown streak will be discharged.
If a scarlet, crimson, or maroon dahlia be tried, the colour will
change to yellow; a fact known to gardeners, who, by this mode,
variegate their growing dahlias.

CHANGES OF THE POPPY.

Some flowers, which are red, become blue by merely bruising
them. Thus, if the petals of the common corn-poppy be rubbed
upon white paper, they will stain it purple, which may be made
green by washing it over with a strong solution of potash in water.
Put poppy petals into very dilute muriatic acid, and the infusion
will be of a florid red colour; by adding a little chalk, it will
become of the colour of port wine; and this tint, by the addition
of potash, may be changed to green or yellow.

B2
4 TRANSMUTATIONS.

TO CHANGE THE COLOUR OF A ROSE.

Hold a red rose over the blue flame of a common match, and
the colour will be discharged wherever the fume touches the leaves
of the flower, so as to render it beautifully variegated, or entirely
white. If it be then dipped into water, the redness, after a time,
will be restored.

LIGHT CHANGING WHITE INTO BLACK.

Write upon linen with permanent ink (which is a strong
solution of nitrate of silver), and the characters will be scarcely
visible; removeé@he linen into a dark room, and they will not
change ; but expose them to a strong light, and they will be inde-
libly black.

THE VISIBLY GROWING ACORN.

Cut a circular piece of card to fit the top of a hyacinth glass,
so as to rest upon the ledge, and exclude the air. Pierce a hole
} through the centre of the card, and pass
through it a strong thread, having a small
piece of wood tied to one end, which, rest-
ing transversely on the card, prevents its
being drawn through. To the other end of
the thread attach an acorn; and, having
half filled the glass with water, suspend
the acorn at a short distance from the
surface.

The glass must be kept in a warm
room; and, in a few days, the steam
which has generated in the glass will
hang from the acorn in a large drop.
Shortly afterwards, the acorn will. burst,
the root will protrude and thrust itself into


TRANSMUTATIONS, 5

the water; and, in a few days more, a stem will shoot out at the
other end, and, rising upwards, will press against the card, in
which an orifice must be made to allow it to pass through. From
this stem, small leaves will soon be observed to sprout; and, in
the course of a few weeks, you will have a handsome oak plant,
several inches in height.

CHANGES IN SAP GREEN.

Sap green is the inspissated juice of the buckthorn berries: if
a little carbonate of soda be dropped into it, the colour will be
changed from green to yellow; it may be reddened by acids, and
its green colour restored by chalk.

TO REVIVE APPARENTLY DEAD PLANTS.

Make a strong solution of camphor in spirit of wine, which
add to soft water, in the proportion of a dram to a pint. If
withered, or apparently dead plants be put into this liquid, and
allowed to remain therein from two to three hours, they will
revive.

SINGULAR EFFECT OF TEARS.

If tears are dropped on a dry piece of paper, stained with the
juice of the petals of mallows or violets, they will change the paper
to a permanently green colour,

BEAUTIES OF CRYSTALLIZATION, -

Dissolve alum in hot water until no more can be dissolved in
it; place in it a smooth glass rod and a stick of the same size;
next day, the stick will be found covered with crystals, but the
glass rod will be free from them : in this case, the crystals cling to
the rough surface of the stick, but have no hold upon the smooth
6 TRANSMUTATIONS.

surface of the glass rod. But if the rod be roughened with a file
at certain intervals, and then placed in the alum and water, the
crystals will adhere to the rough surfaces, and leave the smooth
bright and clear.

Tie some threads of lamp-cotton irregularly around a copper
wire or glass rod; place it in a hot solution of blue vitriol, strong
as above, and the threads will be covered with beautiful blue
crystals, while the glass rod will be bare.

Bore a hole through a piece of coke, and suspend it by a
string from a stick, placed across a hot solution of alum; it will
float; but, as it becomes loaded with crystals, it will sink in the
solution according to the length of the string. Gas-coke has
mostly a smooth, shining, and almost metallic surface, which the
crystals will avoid, while they will cling only to the most irregular
and porous parts.

If powdered turmeric be added to the hot solution of alum, the
crystals will be of a bright yellow; litmus will cause them to be
of a bright red; logwood will yield purple; and common writing
ink, black; and ‘the more muddy the solution, the finer will be
the crystals,

Tokeep coloured alum crystals from breaking, or losing their
colour, place them under a glass shade with a saucer of water ;
this will preserve the atmosphere moist, and prevent the crystals
getting too dry.

If crystals be formed on wire, they will be liable to break off,
from the expansion and contraction of the wire by changes of
temperature.
TRANSMUTATIONS. 7

TO CRYSTALLIZE CAMPHOR,.

Dissolve camphor in spirit of wine, moderately heated, until the
spirit will not dissolve any more; pour some of the solution into
a cold glass, and the camphor will instantly crystallize in beautiful
tree-like forms, such as we see in the show-glasses of camphor in
druggists’ windows.

CRYSTALLIZED TIN.

Mix half an ounce of nitric acid, six drams of muriatic acid,
and two ounces of water; pour the mixture upon a piece of tin
plate previously made hot, and, after washing it in the mixture, it
will bear a beautiful crystalline surface, in feathery forms. This
is the celebrated moirée metallique, and, when varnished, is made
into ornamental boxes, &c. The figures will vary according to the
degree of heat previously given to the metal.

CRYSTALS IN HARD WATER,

Hold in a wine-glass of hard water, a crystal of oxalic acid,
and white threads will instantly descend through the liquid, sus-
pended from the crystal.

VARIETIES OF CRYSTALS.

Make distinct solutions of common salt, nitre, and alum; set
them in three saucers in any warm place, and let part of the water
dry away or evaporate ; then remove them to a warm room, The
particles of the salts in each saucer will begin to attract each
other, and form crystals, but not all of the same figure: the
common salt will yield crystals with six square and equal faces,
or sides; the nitre, six-sided crystals; and the alum, eight-sided
crystals; and if these crystals be dissolved over and over again,
they will always appear in the same forms.
8 TRANSMUTATIONS.

HEAT FROM CRYSTALLIZATION.

Make a strong solution of Epsom salts in hot water, and while
warm, bottle it, cork it closely, and it will remain liquid ; draw out
the cork, when the salts will immediately crystallize, and, in the
process, the remaining liquid and the bottle will become very
warm.

SPLENDID SUBLIMATION,

Put into a flask a small portion of iodine; hold the flask over
the flame of a spirit-lamp, and, from the state of rich ruby crystals,
the iodine, on being heated, will become a ruby-coloured trans-
parent gas ; but, in cooling, will resume its crystalline form.

ARTIFICIAL ICE.

Mix four ounces of nitrate of ammonia, and four ounces of
subcarbonate of soda, with four ounces of water, in a tin vessel,
and in three hours the mixture will produce ten ounces of ice.

MAGIC INKS,

Dissolve oxide of cobalt in acetic acid, to which add a little
nitre ; write with this solution; hold the writing to the fire, and it
will be of a pale rose colour, which will disappear on cooling.

Dissolve equal parts of sulphate of copper and muriate of
ammonia in water ; write with the solution, and it will give a yellow
colour when heated, which will disappear when cold.

Dissolve nitrate of bismuth in water ; write with the solution,
and the characters will be invisible when ~ but will become
legible on immersion in water.
TRANSMUTATIONS. 9

Dissolve, in water, muriate of cobalt, which is of a bluish-green
colour, and the solution will be pink; write with it, and the
characters will be scarcely visible ; but, if gently heated, they will
appear in brilliant green, which will disappear as the paper cools.

CHAMELEON LIQUIDS.

Put a small portion of the compound called mineral chameleon
into several glasses, pour upon each water at different tempera-
tures, and the contents of each glass will exhibit a different shade
of colour. A very hot solution will be of a beautiful green colour ;
a cold one, a deep purple.

Make a colourless solution of sulphate of copper; add to it a
little ammonia, equally colourless, and the mixture will be of an
intense blue colour; add to it a little sulphuric acid, and the blue
colour will disappear; pour in a little solution of caustic ammonia,
and the blue colour will be restored. Thus may the liquor be
thrice changed at pleasure.

THE MAGIC DYES.

Dissolve indigo in diluted sulphuric acid, and add to it an
equal quantity of solution of carbonate of potass. If a piece of
white cloth be dipped in the mixture, it will be changed to blue;
yellow cloth, in the same mixture, may be changed to green; red
to purple, and blue litmus paper to red.

Nearly fill a wine-glass with the juice of beet-root, which is
of a deep red colour; add a little lime water, and the mixture will
be colourless ; dip into it a piece of white cloth, dry it rapidly, and
in a few hours the cloth will become red.
10 TRANSMUTATIONS;

WINE CHANGED INTO WATER.

Mix a little solution of subacetate of lead with port wine ;
filter the mixture through blotting paper, and a colourless liquid
will pass through ; to this add a small quantity of dry salt of tartar,
when a spirit will rise, which may be inflamed on the surface of
the water.

TWO COLOURLESS TRANSPARENT LIQUIDS BECOME BLACK
AND OPAQUE.

Have in one vessel some sulphuric acid, and in another an
infusion of nut-galls; they are both colourless and transparent ;
mix them, and they will become black and opaque.

TWO COLOURLESS FLUIDS MAKE A COLOURED ONE.

Put into a wine-glass of water, a few drops of prussiate of .
potash ; and into a second glass of water, a little weak solution of
sulphate of iron in water: pour the colourless mixtures together
into a tumbler, and they will be immediately changed to a bright
deep blue colour.

Or, mix the solution of prussiate of potash with that of nitrate
of bismuth, and a yellow will be the product.

Or, mix the solution of prussiate of potash with that of sulphate
of copper, and the mixture will be of a reddish brown colour.

CHANGE OF COLOUR BY COLOURLESS FLUIDS.

Three different colours may be produced from the same in-
fusion, merely by the addition of three colourless fluids. Slice
a little red cabbage, pour boiling water upon it, and when cold,
decant the clear infusion, which divide into three wine-glasses :
to one, add a small quantity of solution of alum in water; to the
second, a little solution of potash in water; and to the third, a few
TRANSMUTATIONS. 11

drops of muriatic acid. The liquor in the first glass will assume a
purple colour, the second, a bright green, and the third, a rich
crimson.

Put a dram of powdered nitrate of cobalt into a phial containing
an ounce of the solution of caustic potass ; cork the phial, and the
liquid will assume a blue colour, next a lilac, afterwards a peach
colour, and lastly a light red.

TO CHANGE A BLUE LIQUID TO WHITE.

Dissolve a small lump of indigo in sulphuric acid, by the aid
of moderate heat, and you will obtain an intense blue colour ; add
adrop of this to half a pint of water, so as to dilute the blue ;
then pour some of it into strong chloride of lime, and the blue will
be bleached with almost magical velocity.

VERITABLE “ BLACK” TEA.

Make a cup of strong green tea; dissolve a little green cop-
peras in water, which add to the tea, and its colour will be black.

RESTORATION OF COLOUR BY WATER.

Water being a colourless fluid, ought, one would imagine, when
mixed with other substances of no decided colour, to produce a
colourless compound. Nevertheless, it is to water only that blue
vitriol,’ or sulphate of copper, owes its vivid blueness, as will be
plainly evinced by the following simple experiment. Heat a few
crystals of the vitriol in a fire shovel, pulverize them, and the
powder will be of a dull and dirty white appearance. Pour a little
water upon this, when a slight hissing noise will be heard, and at
the same moment, the blue colour will instantly re-appear.

Under the microscope, the beauty of this experiment will be
increased, for the instant that a drop of water is placed in contact
12 TRANSMUTATIONS.

with the vitriol, the powder may be seen to shoot into blue prisms.
If a crystal of prussiate of potash be similarly heated, its yellow
colour will vanish, but re-appear on being dropped into water.

THE MAGIC WRITING.

Dissolve a small portion of green-copperas in water, and soak
in it sheets of writing paper, so as to allow them to be taken out
whole, and then dried; then, cover the paper with very finely
powdered galls, and write on it with a pen dipped in water; when
dry, brush off the galls, and the writing will appear.

TWO LIQUIDS MAKE A SOLID.

Dissolve muriate of lime in water until it will dissolve no more ;
make also a similar solution of carbonate of potash; both will be
transparent fluids ; but if equal quantities of each be mixed and
stirred together, they will become a solid mass.

TWO SOLIDS MAKE A LIQUID,

Rub together in a mortar, equal quantities of the crystals of
Glauber’s salts. and nitrate of ammonia, and the two salts will slowly
become a liquid.

A SOLID OPAQUE MASS MADE A TRANSPARENT LIQUID.

Take the solid mixture of the solutions of muriate of lime and
carbonate of potash, pour upon it a very little nitric acid, and the
solid opaque mass will be changed to a transparent liquid.

TWO COLD LIQUIDS MAKE A HOT ONE.

Mix four drams of sulphuric acid (oil of vitriol), with one
dram of cold water, suddenly, in a cup, and the mixture will be
nearly half as hot again as boiling water.
TRANSMUTATIONS. 13

QUADRUPLE TRANSMUTATION.

Dissolve a small piece of nickel in nitric acid, and it will
appear of a fine grass-green colour; add to it a little ammonia,
and a blue precipitate will be formed; this will change to a purple-
red in a few hours, and the addition of any acid will convert it to
an apple-green.

QUINTUPLE TRANSMUTATION.

Heat potassium over the flame of a spirit-lamp, and the colour
will change from white to a bright azure, thence to a bright blue,
green, and olive.

COMBINATION OF COLOURS.

Cut out a disk or circle of pasteboard, and cover it with paper
half green and half black: cause the disk to be rapidly turned
round (like the shafts of a toy windmill,) and the colours will
combine and produce white.

UNION OF TWO METALS WITHOUT HEAT.

Cut a circular piece of gold leaf, called, ‘“ dentist's gold,” about
half an inch in diameter ; drop upon it a globule of mercury, about
the size of a small pea, and if they be left for a short time, the
gold will lose its solidity and yellow colour, and the mercury its
liquid form, making a soft mass of the colour of mercury.

MAGIC BREATH.

Half fill a glass tumbler with lime water; breathe into it
frequently, at the same time stirring it with a piece of glass. The
fluid, which before was perfectly transparent, will presently become
quite white, and, if allowed to remain at rest, real chalk will be
deposited.
14 TRANSMUTATIONS.

TWO BITTERS MAKE A SWEET.

It has been discovered, that a mixture of nitrate of silver
with hypo-sulphate of soda, both of which are remarkably bitter,
will produce the sweetest known substance.

VISIBLE AND INVISIBLE.

Write with French chalk on a looking glass; wipe it with a
handkerchief, and the lines will disappear; breathe on it, and
they will re-appear. This alternation will take place for a great
number of times, and after the lapse of a considerable period.





SIGHT AND SOUND.

—_0o—

ARTIFICIAL MIRAGE.

:HE mirage is an optical phenomenon, produced

















eh" Ge) by the refractive power of the atmosphere.
SA PA@ The appearance presented is that of the double

®) Cy) NG) 5, image of an object in the air; one of the images.
eee %) being in the natural position, and the other in-
(Oia YIM Fox) verted, so as to resemble a natural object and



its image in the water. The mirage is com-
monly vertical, or upright, that is, presenting the appearance,
above described, of one object over another, like a ship above
its shadow in the water. Sometimes, however, the image is
horizontal, or upon the water, and at other times, it is seen on
the right or left-hand of the real object, or on both sides.

All the effects of the mirage may be represented artificially
to the eye. For this purpose, provide a glass tumbler two-thirds
full of water, and pour spirit of wine upon it; or pour into a
tumbler some syrup, and fill it up with water: as the water and
16 SIGHT AND SOUND.

spirit, or the syrup and water incorporate, they will produce a
refractive power; then, by looking through the mixed or inter-
mediate liquids at any object held behind the tumblers, its inverted
image may be seen. The same effect, Dr. Wollaston has shewn,
may be produced by looking along the side of a red-hot poker at a
word or object ten or twelve feet distant. At a distance less than
three-eighths of an inch from the line of the poker, an inverted
image was seen; and within and without that, an erect image.

The above phenomena may likewise be illustrated, by holding
a heated iron above a tumbler of water, until the whole becomes
changed; then withdraw the iron, and, through the water, the
phenomena of the mirage may be seen in the finest manner.

Or, look directly above the footlights of the stage of a theatre,
the flame of a candle, or over the glass of a lighted lamp, and a tre-
mulous motion may be observed ; because the warm air rises, and its
refracting power being less than that of the colder air, the currents
are rendered visible by the distortion of objects viewed through
them. The same effect is observable over chimney pots, and
slated roofs which have been heated by the sun.

MOTION OF THE EYE.

On entering a room, we imagine that we see the whole side
of it at once, as the cornice, the pattern of the paper-hanging,
pictures, chairs, &c., but we are deceived ; for each object is rapidly,
but singly presented to the eye, by its constant motion. If the
eye were steady, vision would be lost. For example, fix the eye
on one point, and you will find the whole scene become more and
more obscure, till it vanishes. Then, if you change the direction
of the eye ever so little, at once the whole scene will be again
perfect before you.
SIGHT AND SOUND. 17

SINGLE VISION WITH TWO EYES.

As we have two eyes, and a separate image of every external
object is formed in each, it may be asked, Why do we not see
double? The answer is, It is a matter of habit. Habit alone
teaches us, that the sensations of sight correspond to anything
external, and shews to what they correspond. Thus, place a wafer
on a table before you; direct your eyes to it, that is, bring its image
on both retinze to those parts which habit has ascertained to be the
most sensible, and best situated for seeing distinctly, and you will
see only the single wafer. But, while looking at the wafer, squeeze
the upper part of one eye downwards, by pressing on the eyelid
with the finger, and thereby forcibly throw the image on another
part of the retina of that eye, and double vision will be immediately
produced; that is, two wafers will be distinctly seen, which will
appear to recede from each other as the pressure is stronger, and
approach, and finally blend into one, as it is relieved. The same
effect may be produced without pressure, by directing the eyes to
a point nearer to, or farther from them, than the wafer; the optic
axes, in this case, being both directed away from the object seen.

TWO OBJECTS SEEN AS ONE.

On a sheet of black paper, or other dark ground, place two
white wafers, having their centres three inches distant. Vertically
above the paper, and to the deft, look with the right eye, at twelve
inches from it, and so that, when looking down on it, the line
joining the two eyes shall be parallel to that joining the centre of
the wafers. In this situation, close the left eye, and look full with
the right perpendicularly at the wafer below it, when this wafer
only will be seen, the other being completely invisible. But, if it
be removed ever so little from its place, either to the right or left,

c
18 SIGHT AND SOUND.

above or below, it will become immediately visible, and start, as it °
were, into existence. The distances here set down may, perhaps,
vary slightly in different eyes.

Upon this curious effect, Sir John Herschel observes: “ It will
cease to be thought singular, that this fact of the absolute invisi-
bility of objects in a certain point of the field of view of each eye,
should be one of which not one person in ten thousand is apprised,
when we learn, that it is nof extremely uncommon to find persons
who have for some time been totally blind with one eye, without
being aware of the fact.”

ONLY ONE OBJECT CAN BE SEEN AT A TIME.

Look at the pattern of the paper-hanging of a room, a picture,
or almost any other object in it; then, without altering your position,
call to mind the magnificent dome of St. Paul’s Cathedral; the
pattern of the paper-hanging, or the subject of the picture, though
actually impressed on the retina of the eye, will be momentarily
lost sight of by the mind; and, during the instant, the recollected
image of the dome rising from the dingy roofs of London, will be
distinctly seen, but in indistinct colouring and outline. When
the object of the recollection is answered, the dome will quickly
disappear, and the paper-hanging pattern, or the picture, again
resume the ascendancy.

STRAIGHT OBJECTS SEEN CROOKED.

Look through a series of vertical bars, as those of a palisade, or
of a Venetian window-blind, at the wheel of a carriage passing
along the street, and the spokes of the wheel, instead of appearing
straight, as they naturally would do, if no bars intervened, seem to
SIGHT AND SOUND. 19

be of a curved form. The velocity of the wheel must not be so
great as to prevent the eye from following the spokes as they
revolve.

Again, when the disk of the wheel, instead of being marked by
a number of radiant lines, has only one radius marked upon it, it
presents the appearance, when rolled behind the bars, of a number
of radii, each having the curvature corresponding to its situation,
their number being the same as that of the bars through which you
look at the wheel. It is, therefore, evident that the several por-
tions of one and the same line, seen through the intervals of the
bars, form, on the retina of the eye, so many different radii.

OPTICAL ILLUSION.

Shut one eye, direct the other to any fixed point, as the head
of a pin, and you will indistinctly see all other objects. Suppose
one of these to be a strip of white paper, or a pen lying upon a
table covered with a green cloth: either of them will disappear
altogether, as if taken off the table; for the impression of the green
cloth will entirely extend itself over that part of the retina which
the image of the pen occupied. The vanished pen will, however,
shortly re-appear, and again vanish; and the same effect will take
place when both eyes are open, though not so readily as with one
eye.

PIN-HOLE FOCUS.

Make a pin-hole in a card, which hold between a candle and a
piece of white paper, in a dark room, when an exact representation
of the flame, but inverted, will be seen depicted upon the paper,
and be enlarged as the paper is drawn from the hole ; and if, in a

: c2
20 SIGHT AND SOUND.

dark room, a white screen or sheet of paper be extended at a few
feet from a small round hole, an exact picture of all external objects,
of their natural colours and forms, will be seen traced on the screen;
moving objects being represented in motion, and stationary ones
at rest.

OPTICAL DECEPTIONS.

Prick a hole in a card with a needle; place the same needle
near the eye, in a line with the card-hole, look by daylight at the
end of the needle, and it will appear to be behind the card, and
reversed.

Prick a hole with a pin in a black card, place it very near the
eye, look through it at any small object, and it will appear larger
as itis nearer the eye; while, if we observe it without the card,
it will appear sensibly of the same magnitude at all parts of the
room.

ACCURACY OF SIGHT.

Rule a short line upon a slate, and upon another slate, rule
another line, one-eleventh longer than the first: a person possessing
what is called ‘‘a true eye,” may perceive the difference in length,
even though fifty or sixty seconds elapse between looking at the
first and the second lines. If they differ only one-twentieth, then
an interval of thirty-five seconds may elapse without destroying the
judgment; but, if it be longer, the estimate will be incorrect.
When the difference between the lines amounts only to one-fiftieth,
an interval of three seconds between the examination of each, is
the longest that can be allowed without interfering with the cor-
rectness of the comparison.
SIGHT AND SOUND. 21

VISUAL DECEPTION.

Let a room be only lit by the feeble gleam of a fire, almost
extinguished, and the eye will see with difficulty the objects in
the apartment, from the small degree of light with which they
happen to be illuminated. The more exertion is made to ascertain
what these objects are, as by fixing the eye more steadily upon them,
the greater will be the difficulty in accomplishing it. The eye will
be painfully agitated, the object will swell and contract, and partly
disappear, but will again become visible when the eye has recovered
from its delirium.

HAND-WRITING UPON THE WALL.

Cut the word or words to be shewn, out of a thick card or
pasteboard, place it before a lighted lamp, and the writing will be
distinctly seen upon the wall of the apartment.

IMITATIVE HALOES,

Look at a candle, or any other luminous body, through a plate
of glass, covered with vapour, or dustin a finely divided state, and
it will be surrounded with a ring of colours, like a halo round the
sun or moon. These rings increase with the size of the particles
which produce them ; and their brilliancy and number depend on
the uniform size of these particles.

Or, haloes may be imitated by crystalizing various salts upon thin
plates of glass, and looking through the plate at a candle or the sun.
For example, spread a few drops of a strong solution of alum
over a plate of glass so as to crystalize quickly, and cover it witha
crust scarcely visible to the eye. Then place the eye close behind
22 SIGHT AND SOUND.

the smooth side of the glass plate, look through it at a candle, and
you will perceive three fine haloes at different distances, encircling
the flame.

TO READ A COIN IN THE DARK.

By the following simple method, the legend or inscription upon
a coin may be read in absolute darkness. Polish the surface of
any silver coin as highly as possible ; touch the raised parts with
aqua-fortis, so as to make them rough, taking care that the parts
not raised retain their polish. Place the coin thus prepared upon
red-hot iron, remove it into a dark room, and the figure and
inscription will become more luminous than the rest, and may be
distinctly seen and read by the spectator. If the lower parts of the
coin be roughened with the acid, and the raised parts be polished,
the effect will be reversed, and the figure and inscription will appear
dark, or black upon a light or white ground.

This experiment will be more surprising if made with an old
coin, from which the figure and inscription have been obliterated ;
for when the coin is placed upon the red-hot iron, the figure and
inscription may be distinctly read upon a surface which had hitherto
appeared blank.

This experiment may be made with small coins upon a heated
poker, a flat-iron, or a salamander. The effect will be more perfect
if the red-hot iron be concealed from the eye of the spectator: this
may be done by placing upon the iron a piece of blackened tin,
with a hole cut out, the size of the coin to be heated.

TO MAKE A PRISM.

Provide two small pieces of window-glass and a lump of wax ;
soften and mould the wax, stick the two pieces of glass upon it,
so that they meet, as in the cut, where w is the wax, g and g
SIGHT AND SOUND. 23

the _— stuck to it (Fig. 1). The end view (Fig. 2) will
Fig.2. shew the angle, a, at which the

pieces of glass meet; into which
angle put a drop of water.

To use the instrument thus made,
make a small hole, or a narrow

horizontal slit, so that you can see the sky through it, when you
stand at some distance from it in the room: or a piece of paste+
board placed in the upper part of the window-sash, with a slit
cut in it, will serve the purpose of the hole in the shutter. The
slit should be about one-tenth of an inch wide, and an inch or
two long, with even edges. Then hold the prism in your hand,
place it close to your eye, and look through the drop of water, when
you will see a beautiful train of colours, called a spectrum; at one
end red, at the other violet, and in the middle yellowish green.
The annexed figure 3 will better explain the direction in which
Fig. 3. to look : here, e, is the eye of
h the spectator, p, is the prism,
< h h, the hole in the shutter oy |
~ pasteboard, s, the spectrum.
* By a little practice, you will
gee Ge soon become accustomed to
“4 look in the right direction, and
will see the colours very bright
a and distinct.
By means of this simple contrivance, white light may be
analysed, and proved to consist of coloured rays, and several of
its properties be beautifully illustrated.

mae

OPTICAL AUGMENTATION,

Take a glass rummer that is narrow at bottom and wide at top,
into which put a half-sovereign, and fill the glass three-fourths
24, SIGHT AND SOUND.

with water; place on it a piece of paper, and then a plate, and
turn the glass upside down quickly, that the water may not escape :
by looking sideways at the glass, you will perceive a sovereign at
the bottom, and, higher up, the half-sovereign floating near the
surface. Fill the glass with water, and the large piece only will
be visible.

GOLD FISH IN A GLASS GLOBE,

A single gold fish in a globe vase, is often mistaken for two
fishes, because it is seen as well by the light bent through the
upper surface of the water, as by straight rays passing through the
side of the vase.

COLOURS PRODUCED BY THE UNEQUAL ACTION OF LIGHT
UPON THE EYES,

If we hold aslip of white paper vertically, about a foot from the
eye, and direct both eyes to an object at some distance beyond it,
so as to see the slip of paper double, then, when a candle is brought
near the right eye, so as to act strongly upon it, while the left eye
is protected from its light, the left-hand slip of paper will be of a
tolerably bright green colour, while the right-hand slip of paper,
seen by the left eye, will be of a red colour. If the one image
overlaps the other, the colour of the overlapping parts will be white,
arising from a mixture of the complementary red and green. When
equal candles are held equally near to each eye, each of the images
of the slip of paper is white. If, when the paper is seen red and
green by holding the candle to the right eye, we quickly take it to
the left eye, we shall find that the left image of the slip of paper
gradually changes from green to red, and the right one from red
to green, both of them having the same tint during the time that

the change is going on.
SIGHT AND SOUND. 25

OPTICAL DECEPTION.

Look steadily at a carpet having figures of one colour, green,
for example, upon a ground of another colour, suppose red, and
you will sometimes see the whole of the green pattern as if the
red one were obliterated ; and at other times, you will see the whole
of the red pattern, as if the green one were obliterated. The
former effect takes place when the eye is steadily fixed on the green
part, and the latter, when it is steadily fixed on the red portion.

COLOURED SHADOWS,

Provide two lighted candles, and place them upon a table be-
fore a whitewashed or light papered wall: hold before one of the
candles a piece of coloured glass, taking care to remove to a greatey
distance the candle before which the coloured glass is not placed,
in order to equalize the darkness of the two shadows. If you use
a piece of green glass, one of the shadows will be green, and
the other a fine red; if you use blue glass, one of the shadows
will be blue, and the other a pale yellow.

COLOURS OF SCRATCHES.

An extremely fine scratch on a well-polished surface, may be
regarded as having a concave, cylindrical, or, at least, a curved
surface, capable of reflecting light in all directions ; this is evident,
for it is visible in all directions. Hence, a single scratch or furrow
in a surface, may produce colours by the interference of the rays
reflected from its opposite edges. Examine a spider’s thread in
the sunshine, and it will gleam with vivid colours. These may
arise from a similar cause, or from the thread itself, as spun by
the animal, consisting of several threads agglutinated together, and
thus presenting, not a cylindrical, but a furrowed surface.
26 SIGHT AND SOUND..

OCULAR SPECTRA,

One of the most curious affections of the eye is that, in virtue
of which it sees what are called ocular spectra, or accidental
colours. If we place a red wafer on a sheet of white paper, and,
closing one eye, keep the other directed for some time to the
centre of the wafer, then, if we turn the same eye to another part
of the paper, we shall see a green wafer, the colour of which will
continue to grow fainter and fainter, as we continue to look at it.

By using differently coloured wafers, we obtain the following
results :
WAFER SPECIMEN.
Black . . . White.
White . . . Black.
Red . . . Bluish Green.
Orange. . . Blue.

Yellow . . . Indigo.

Green . . . Violet, with a little Red.
Blue. . . . Orange Red.

Indigo . . . Orange Yellow.

Violet . . . Bluish Green.

BEAUTIFUL COLOURS OF MOTHER-OF-PEARL.

This substance, obtained from the shell of the pearl oyster, is
much admired for the fine play of its colours. To observe them
accurately, select a plate of regularly formed mother-of-pearl, with
its surface nearly parallel, and grind this surface upon a hone,
or upon a plate of glass, with the powder of slate, till the image of
the candle, reflected from the surfaces, is of a dull reddish white
colour, when it will glow with all the colours of the rainbow. The
SIGHT AND SOUND. 27

colours of mother-of-pearl may be communicated to soft black
wax ; and to clean surfaces of lead and tin by hard pressure, or the
blow of a hammer. Or, dissolve gum arabic, or isinglass, in water,
and allow it to harden upon a surface of mother-of-pearl, when
it will take a perfect impression from it, and exhibit all the colours
in the finest manner. Or, place the isinglass between two finely-
polished surfaces of mother-of-pearl, and you may obtain a film of
artificial mother-of-pearl, which, when seen by the light of a can-
dle, or by an aperture in the window, will shine with the brightest
hues.

WHITE LETTERS SEEN FURTHER THAN BLACK.

Paint the same letters of the same size precisely on two boards,
the one white on a black ground, and the other a black on a
white ground; the white letters will appear larger, and be read at
a greater distance than the black.

ARTIFICIAL RAINBOW.

Observe the various colours which are reflected from the glass
drops usually suspended from a lustre or chandelier, and you will
witness a mimic rainbow. A rainbow may also be made by a
garden engine, if the water be thrown high in the air, and the
spectator stand between it and the sun.

FRINGE ABOUT A CANDLE.

Provide two small pieces of plate glass, moisten two of their
sides with water, and put them together ; then look through them
at a candle, and you will perceive the flame surrounded with
beautifully coloured fringes: these are the effect of moisture,
intermixed with portions of air, and exhibiting an appearance
similar to dew.
28 SIGHT AND SOUND.

THE DOUBLE COLOURED REFLECTION.

Provide a circular piece of coloured glass, and pierce its centre
by means of a common awl, well moistened with oil of turpentine:
encircle the glass with the fingers and thumb, hold it in the sun-
shine or the strong light of a lamp, and the following beautiful
effects will be produced. If the glass be red, the luminous spot in
the centre will be reflected green ; if the glass be green, the spot
will be red; if blue, orange ; and if yellow, indigo.

LUMINOUS CROSS.

Place a lighted candle before a looking-glass, and there will
appear a luminous cross radiating from the flame of the candle.
This is produced by the direction of the friction by which the glass
is polished ; the scratches placed in a horizontal direction, exhi-
biting the perpendicular part of the cross, and the vertical scratches
the horizontal part.

RINGS OF COLOURS ROUND A CANDLE,

Look at a candle through a plate of glass, upon which you have
gently breathed, or over which are scattered particles of dust, or
any fine powder, and you will perceive the flame surrounded with
beautiful rings of colours. By using the seed of the lycopodium,
or by placing a drop of blood diluted with water between two
pieces of glass, the rings of colour will be still more finely exhi-
bited. Round the luminous body there will be seen a light area,
terminating in a reddish dark margin; this will be succeeded by a
ring of bluish-green, and then by a red ring ; these two last colours
succeeding each other several times when the particles are of uni-
form diameter, as are the seeds of the lycopodium, each of which
is but the 850th part of an inch in diameter.
SIGHT AND SOUND. 29

SIMPLE AND CHEAP OPERA-GLASS.

In this new instrument, no tubes are necessary, as in the
ordinary opera-glass; their place being supplied by a slender
elastic conical spring of wire, into the upper extre-
mity of which is inserted the eye-glass ; the object-
glass being fixed to the other extremity, as shewn
in the engraving. The two glasses must, of course,
be kept parallel to each other when in use; which
is very easily effected. ‘

In using this opera-glass, rest the finger and
thumb of one hand on the rim of the object-glass,
B, whilst, with the thumb and finger of the other
hand you hold the rim of the eye-glass, A. The
‘spring tube may then be drawn out or shut up to
very minute distances. Thus, the ordinary sliding tubes are super-
seded; nor is any external covering necessary, as the hand in grasp-
ing the instrument serves the purpose. If, however, a covering be
preferred, a piece of silk may be sewn to the spirals of the spring.

This kind of opera-glass may be made very cheaply: it may
be shut into a small space for the pocket, merely by pressing the
object-glass and eye-glass together.



MULTIPLYING THEATRES,

Place two pieces of looking-glass, one at each end, parallel to
one another, and looking over, or by the edge of one of them, the
images of any objects placed on the bottom of the box, will appear
continued to a considerable distance.

Or, line each of the four sides of the box with looking- glass, and
the bottom of the box will be multiplied to an astonishing extent,
.

30 SIGHT AND SOUND.

there being no other limitation to the number of images but what
is owing to the continued loss of light from reflection. The top
of the box may be almost covered with thin canvas, which will
admit sufficient light to render the exhibition very distinct.

The above experiments may be made very entertaining, by
placing on the bottom of the box some toy, as two persons playing
at cards, sentry soldiers, &c.; and, if these be put in motion, by
wires attached to them, or passing through the bottom or side of
the box, it will afford a still more entertaining spectacle. Or the
bottom of the box may be covered with moss, shining pebbles,
flowers, &c.; only, in all cases, the upright figures between the
pieces of looking-glass should be slender, and not too numerous,
else they will obstruct the reflected light.

In a box with six, eight, or more sides, lined with looking-
glass, as above, the different objects in it will be multiplied to an
almost indefinite extent.

APPARATUS FOR WRITING IN THE DARK.

In this ingenious contrivance, A is a frame of wood, into the
ook and front of which are inserted two thin boards, the front
one, B, reaching about half the height of
the frame, and the back one being movea-
ble, by sliding in grooves, for better fixing
the paper to be written on, C, toa roller at
top, with a handle and ratchet working into
a spring.

To use the apparatus, the paper is to be

—— fixed on the roller, and a strip of lead or
other weight, suspended from the bottom of the paper, to keep it


SIGHT AND SOUND. 31

smooth : then, by resting the right hand on the edge of the board,
B, and turning, with the left hand, the ratchet, the distance of the
lines may be regulated by the number of clicks caused by the
spring on the ratchet. D, is a foot to support the apparatus ;
which, however, should be light enough to be held in the hand as
a slate.

PORTABLE MICROSCOPE.

This cheap and useful instrument consists of a handle of hard
wood, a, which is screwed into a brass piece, d, having, at its top,
4 aring, which screws on back and front, into
——}/ which are to be screwed two cells with lenses
of different foci. There is also a projecting
piece formed on the side of the brass piece,
d, in which is a hole to receive the screwed
end of a cylindrical rod of brass, c. Upon
this rod, a springing slit socket, e, slides
backwards and forwards, and is also capable
of being turned round. This socket has
affixed to it, on one side, a projecting part,
with a screwed cavity in it, to receive a short screwed tube, with a
small hole in its centre, made to fit the steel stem of the spring
forceps; a corresponding hole being made at the bottom of the
screwed cavity, where is lodged a piece of perforated cork ; which,
being pressed upon by the action of the screw, closes upon the steel
stem of the forceps, and steadies them, and the objects held in
them. The stem of the forceps being removed from its place in the
short tube ; the handles and lenses, and the rod, c, and the sliding
socket upon it, being unscrewed from its place in the handle ;
they can all three be packed in a black paper case, which is only
three and a half inches long, one inch broad, and half an inch
thick.


32 SIGHT AND SOUND.

This microscope possesses three different magnifying powers,
namely, those of two lenses separately, and the two in combination,

Microscopes of a still simpler nature are small globules of glass,
formed by smelting the ends of fine threads of glass in the flame of
a candle; and small globular microscopes of great magnifying
power, made of hollow glass about the size of a small walnut, may
be purchased very cheaply at the opticians’.

THE PHENAKISTICOPE, OR STOBOSCOPE.

This amusing instrument consists of a turning wheel, upon
which figures are seen to walk, jump, pump water, &c. The disk
or wheel should be of stout card-board, upon which should be
painted, towards the edge, figures in eight or ten postures. Thus,
if it is wished to represent a man bowing, the first position is a man
standing upright; in the second, his body has a slight inclination ;
in the third, still more; and so on, to the sixth position, where the
body is most bent: the four following, represent the figure reco-
vering its erect posture, so that the fifth and seventh, the fourth
and eighth, the third and ninth, the second and tenth figures, have
the same posture. Between each of the figures on the wheel,
should be a slit, three-fourths of an inch long, and one-fourth of an
inch wide, in a direction parallel with the radii of the wheel, and
extending to an equal distance from the centre.

To work this instrument, place the figured side of the wheel
before a looking-glass, and cause it to revolve upon its centre ; then
look through the slits or apertures, and you may observe, in the
glass, the figures bowing continually, and with a rapidity pro-
portionate to the rate at which the wheel turns. The illusion
depends on the circumstance, that the wheel between each aperture
SIGHT AND SOUND, 33

is covered, while the figure goes further. That the deception may
be complete, it is necessary that every part of the figures not
bowing shall be at an equal distance from the centre of the wheel,
and from the slits; also that the figures possess equal thickness and _
colour.

TO LOOK AT THE SUN WITHOUT INJURY.

Provide a wine-glass filled with plain water, which will keep oft
the heat so effectually, that the brightest sun may be viewed some
time through it without any inconvenience. If a little black ink
be added to the water, the image of the sun will appear through it,
as white as snow; and when the ink is still more diluted, the sun
will be of a purple hue.

BRILLIANT WATER MIRROR.

Nearly fill a glass tumbler with water, and hold it, with your
back to the window, above the level of the
eye, as in the engraving. Then look obliquely,
as in the direction E, a, c, and you will
see the whole surface shining like burnished
silver, with a strong metallic reflection;
and any object, as a spoon, A C B, im-
mersed in the water, will have its immersed
part, CB, reflected on the surface, as in a
mirror, but with a brilliancy far surpassing
: that which can be obtained from quicksilver,
or from the most highly-polished metals.



OPTICAL ILLUSION UNDER WATER.

Procure a large gallipot; place on the bottom, next the side
furthest from you, a sixpence, and next to it, but towards the centre,
D
34 SIGHT AND SOUND.

a shilling; move to such a distance as will render the coins in-
visible; then let another person pour water gently in, and as
it rises in the gallipot, it will cause both the sixpence and shil-
ling to be seen, without your approaching nearer to the gallipot,
or moving it towards you.

THE MAGIC WIEELS.

Cut out two card-board cog-wheels of equal size; place them
upon a pin, and whirl them round with equal velocity in opposite
directions ; when, instead of producing a hazy tint, as one wheel
would do, or as the two would if revolving in the same direction,
there will be an extraordinary appearance of a fixed wheel. If
the cogs be cut slantwise on both wheels, the spectral wheel, as it
may be called, will exhibit slanting cogs ; but if one of the wheels
beturned, so that the cogs shall point in opposite directions, then
the spectral wheel will have straight cogs. If wheels with radii,
or arms, be viewed when moving, the deception will be similar;
and however fast the wheels may move, provided it be with equal
velocity, the magic of a fixed wheel will be presented.

Or, cut a card-board wheel with a certain number of teeth or
cogs at its edge; a little nearer the centre, cut a series of apertures
resembling the cogs in arrangement, but not to the same number;
and still nearer the centre cut another series of apertures, different
in number, ‘and varying from the former. Fix this wheel upon
another, with its face held two or three yards from an illuminated
mirror ; spin it round, the cogs will disappear, and a greyish belt,
three inches broad, will become visible ; but, on looking at the glass
through the moving wheel, appearances will entirely change: one
row of cogs, or apertures, will appear fixed, as if the wheel were
not moving, whilst the other two will appear as if in motion ; and,
by shifting the eye, other and new effects appear.
SIGHT AND SOUND. 35

These amusing deceptions were first experimented by Mr.
Faraday. The simple apparatus for their exhibition may be
purchased, for a trifling sum, of any respectable optician.

ACOUSTIC RAINBOW.

A sounding-plate, made of brass, nine inches long, and half a
line in thickness, covered with a layer of water, may be employed
to produce a rainbow in a chamber which admits the sun. On
drawing a violin bow strongly across the plate, so as to produce
the greatest possible intensity of tone, numerous drops of water fly
perpendicularly and laterally upwards. The size of the drops is
smaller as the tone is higher. The inner and outer rainbows are
very beautifully seen in these ascending and descending drops, when
the artificial shower is held opposite to the sun. When the eyes
are close to the falling drops, each eye sees its appropriate rainbow;
and four rainbows are perceived at the same time, particularly if
the floor of the room is of a dark colour. The experiment succeeds
best, if, when a finger is placed under the middle of the plate, and
both of the angular points at one side are supported, the tone is
produced ata point of the opposite side, a fourth of its length from
one of its angles. An abundant shower of drops is thus obtained.

TRANSMISSION OF SOUND,

Suspend any sonorous body, as a bell, a glass, a silver spoon,
or a tuning-fork, from a double thread, and put with the finger the
extremities of the thread, one in each ear; if the body be then
struck, the apparent loudness and depth of the sound will be sur-
prising.

Again, if you shut your ears altogether, you will yet feel very

p 2
36 SIGHT AND SOUND.

sensible of the impression of any sound conveyed through the
mouth, the teeth, or the head: if you put one end of a small stick ,
or rod in the mouth, and touch with the other extremity a watch
lying on the table, the beatings will become quite audible, though
the ears be actually shut. So, also, if a log of wood be scratched
at one end with a pin, a person who applies his ear to the other
end will hear the sound distinctly.

Fogs and falling rain, but especially snow, powerfully obstruct
the free propagation of sound; and the same effect is produced by
a coating of fresh-fallen snow on the ground, though when glazed
and hardened at the surface by freezing, it has no such influence.

Over water, or a surface of ice, sound is propagated with re-
markable clearness and strength. Dr. Hutton relates, that on a
quiet part of the Thames, near Chelsea, he could hear a person
distinctly at 140 feet distance, while on the land the same could
only be heard at 76 feet. Lieutenant Forster, in the third Polar
expedition of Captain Perry, held a conversation with a man
across the harbour of Port Bowen, a distance of 6696 feet, or
about a mile and a quarter. This, however remarkable, falls ~
short of what is related by Dr. Young, on the authority of the
Rev. W. Derham, viz. that, at Gibraltar, the voice has been heard
ten miles, perhaps, across the strait.

The cannonade of a sea-fight between the English and Dutch,
in 1672, was heard across England as far as Shrewsbury, and even
in Wales, a distance of upwards of 200 miles from the scene of
action.

At Carisbrook Castle, in the Isle of Wight, is a_well 210 feet
in depth, and twelve feet in diameter, into which if a pin be
dropped, it will be distinctly heard to strike the water. The
interior is lined with very smooth masonry.
SIGHT AND SOUND. 37

PROGRESS OF SOUND.

A stretched string, as that of a piano-forte, may be made to
vibrate not only from end to end, but in aliquot parts, the portions
being separated by points of rest which interrupt the progress of
the sound. This kind of effect may be shewn by shaking a long
piece of cane in the air, when there will be one, two, or three
points of rest, according to the mode of vibrating it.

An elastic surface has, likewise, some parts in motion and
others at rest; and these parts may be made visibly distinct, by
strewing pieces of bristle over them upon the sounding-board of an
instrument.

When a bow is drawn across the strings of a violin, the im-
pulses produced may be rendered evident by fixing a small steel
bead upon the bow; when looked at by light or in sunshine, the
bead will seem to form a series of dots during the passage of
the bow.

SOUND TURNING CORNERS.

Take a common tuning-fork, strike it, and hold it (when set in
vibration) about three or four inches from the ear, with the flat
side towards it, when the sound will be distinctly heard ; let a strip
of card, somewhat longer than the flat of the tuning-fork, be inter-
posed at about half an inch from the fork, and the sound will be
almost entirely intercepted by it; and, if the card be alternately
removed and replaced in pretty quick succession, alternations of
sound and silence will be produced; proving that sound is by no
means propagated with so much intensity round the edge of the card,
as straight forward. Indeed, to be convinced of this fact, you have’
only to listen to the sound of a carriage turning a corner from the
street, in which you happen to be, into an adjoining one. Even
38 ; SIGHT AND SOUND.

where there is no obstacle in the way, sounds are by no means
equally audible in all directions from the sounding body ; as you
may ascertain, by holding a vibrating tuning-fork or pitch-pipe
near your ear, and turning it quickly on its axis.

TO TELL THE DISTANCE OF THUNDER.

Count, by means of a watch, the number of seconds that elapse
between seeing the ftash of lightning and hearing the report of the
thunder : allow somewhat more than five seconds for a mile, and
the distance may be ascertained. Thus, say the number of seconds is

5)20
S miles distant;
or the distance may be estimated by remarking the number of
beats of the pulse in the above interval ; provided, of course, that
we know the rate at which the pulse beats in acertain time. Ina
French work, it is stated that if the pulse beat six times, the.
distance of the thunder will be about 30,000 feet, or fives miles and
a half; thus reckoning 5,000 feet for each pulsation.

In a violent thunder-storm, when the sound instantly succeeds
the flash, the persons who witness the circumstance are in some
danger; when the interval is a quarter of a minute, they are secure.

HEARING BY THE TOUCH.

If a deaf person merely place the tips of his finger-nails on
the window-shutters or door of a room in which instruments are
playing, he may enjoy their concert of harmony.

CONVERSATION FOR THE DEAF.

If two persons stop their ears closely, they may converse with
each other by holding a long stick or sticks between their teeth, or
SIGHT AND SOUND. 39

by resting their teeth against them. The person who speaks may
rest the stick against his throat or his breast ; or he may rest the
stick, which he holds in his teeth, against a glass tumbler or china
basin into which the other speaks. The sound may also be heard
whena thread is held between the teeth by both persons, so as to
be sonewhat stretched.

GLASS BROKEN BY THE VOICE.

On vibrating bodies, which present a large surface, the effects
of sands are very surprising. Persons with a clear and powerful
voice have been known to break a drinking-glass, by singing the
prope fundamental note of their voice close toit. Looking-glasses
are dso said to have been broken by music, the vibrations of the
atoms of the glass being so great as to strain them beyond the
limits of their cohesion.

FIGURES PRODUCED BY SOUND.

Stretch a sheet of wet paper over the mouth of a glass tumbler
which has a footstalk, and glue or paste the paper at the edges.
When the paper is dry, strew dry sand thinly upon its surface.
Place the tumbler on a table, and hold immediately above it, and
parallel to the paper, a plate of glass, which you also strew with
sand, having previously rubbed the edges smooth with emery pow-
der. Draw a violin bow along any part of the edges, and as the
sand upon the glass is made to vibrate, it will form various figures,
which will be accurately imitated by the sand upon the paper ; or,
if a violin or flute be played within a few inches of the paper,
they will cause the sand upon its surface to form regular lines and
figures.
40 SIGHT AND SOUND.

TRANSMITTED VIBRATION.

Provide a long, flat glass ruler or rod, as in the engraving, and.
cement it with mastic to the edge of a drinking-glass fixed inf a
wooden stand; support the other end of the rod very lightly pn a

2 piece of cork, and strew its
upper surface with sand;
set the glass in vibration by

- a bow, at a point opposite
where the rod meets it, and the motions will be communicated to
the rod without any change in their direction. Ifthe apparatus
be inverted, and sand be strewed on the under side of the rod, the
figures will be seen to correspond with those produced on the
upper surface. ,



DOUBLE VIBRATION.

Provide two disks of metal or glass, precisely of the same

dimensions, and a glass or metal rod; cement the two disks at

their centres to the two ends of the rod, as

in the engraving, and strew their upper

surfaces with sand. Cause one of the disks,

viz. the upper one, to vibrate by a bow, and

its vibration will be exactly imitated by the

lower disk, and the sand strewed over both

will arrange itself in precisely the same

forms on both disks. But if, separately,

they do not agree in their tones, the figures on them will not
correspond.

CHAMPAGNE AND SOUND.
Pour sparkling champagne into a glass until it is half full,
when the glass will lose its power of ringing by a stroke upon its
SIGHT AND SOUND. 41

edges, and will emit only a disagreeable and puffy sound. Nor
will the glass ring while the wine is brisk, and filled with air-
bubbles ; but, as the effervescence subsides, the sound will become
clearer and clearer, and when the air bubbles have entirely dis-
appeared, the glass will ring as usual. Ifa crumb of bread be
thrown into the champagne, and effervescence be re-produced, the
glass will again cease to ring. The same experiment will also
succeed with soda-water, ginger wine, or any other effervescing
liquid.

MUSIC FROM PALISADES.

If a line of broad palisades, set edgewise in a line directed from
the ear, and at even distances from each other, be struck at the
end nearest the auditor,-they will reflect the sound of the blow,
and produce a succession of echoes: these, from the equal distance
of the palisades, will reach the ear at equal intervals of time, and
will, therefore, produce the effect of a number of impulses originat-
ing in one point. Thus, a musical note will be heard.

THEORY OF THE JEW’S HARP.

If you cause the tongue of this little instrument to vibrate, it
will produce a very low sound; but if you place it before a cavity
(as the mouth), containing a column of air, which vibrates much
faster, but in the proportion of any simple multiple, it will then
produce other higher sounds, dependant upon the reciprocation
of that portion of the air. Now, the bulk of air in the mouth
can be altered in its form, size, and other circumstances, so as to
produce, by reciprocation, many different sounds; and these are
the sounds belonging to the Jew’s Harp,
42 SIGHT AND SOUND.

A proof of this fact has been given by Mr. Eulenstein, who
fitted into a long metallic tube a piston, which, being moved, could
be made to lengthen or shorten the efficient column of air within
at pleasure. A Jew’s Harp was then so fixed that it could be
made to vibrate before the mouth of the tube, and it was found that
the column of air produced a series of sounds, according as it was
lengthened or shortened ; a sound being produced whenever the
length of the column was such that its vibrations were a multiple
of those of the Jew’s Harp.

MUSIC OF THE SNAIL.

Place a garden-snail upon a pane of glass, and, in drawing
itself along, it will frequently produce sounds similar to those of
musical glasses.

TO TUNE A GUITAR WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF THE EAR.

Make one string to sound, and its vibrations will, with much
force, be transferred to the next string: this transference may be
seen, by placing a saddle of paper (like an inverted 4) upon the
string, at first in a state of rest. When this string hears the
other, the saddle will be shaken, or fall off; when both strings
are in harmony, the paper will be very little, or not at all, shaken.

MUSIC FROM GLASS OR METAL RODS.

Provide a straight rod of glass or metal; strike it at the end in
the direction of its length, or rub it lengthwise with a moistened
finger, and it will yield a musical sound, which, unless its length be
very great, will be of an extremely acute pitch; much more so
than in the case of a column of air of the same length, as in a
SIGHT AND SOUND. 43

flute. The reason of this is the greater velocity with which sound
is propagated in solids than in the air. If the rod be metal, the
friction will be found to succeed best when made with a bit of
cloth, sprinkled with powdered rosin; or, if of glass, the cloth
or the finger may be moistened and touched with some very fine
sand or pumice powder. °

Generally speaking, a fiddle-bow, well resined, is the readiest
and most convenient means of setting solid bodies in vibration.
To bring out their gravest or fundamental tones, the bow must be
pressed hard and drawn slowly ; but, for the higher harmonies,
a short, swift, stroke, with light pressure, is most proper.

THE TUNING-FORK A FLUTE PLAYER.

Take a common tuning-fork, and on one of its branches fasten
with sealing-wax a circular piece of card, of the size of a small
sooo wafer, or sufficient nearly
SSS to cover the aperture of a
all pipe, as the sliding of the
upper end of a flute with the mouth stopped: it may
be tuned in unison with the loaded tuning-fork (a
C fork), by means of the moveable stopper or card,
or the fork may be loaded till the unison is perfect.
Then set the fork in vibration by a blow on the unloaded
branch, and hold the card closely over the mouth of the pipe,
as in the engraving, when a note of surprising clearness and
strength will be heard. Indeed, a flute may be made to “ speak”
perfectly well, by holding close to the opening a vibrating tuning-
fork, while the fingering proper to the note of the fork is at the
same time performed.


44 SIGHT AND SOUND.

MUSICAL BOTTLES,

Provide two glass bottles, and tune them by pouring water into
them, so that each corresponds to the sound of a different tuning-
fork. Then apply both tuning-forks to the mouth of each bottle
alternately, when that sound only will be heard, in each case,
which is reciprocated by the unisonant bottle, or, in other words,
by that bottle which contains a column of air, susceptible of
vibrating in unison with the fork.

THEORY OF WHISPERING.

Apartments of a circular or elliptical form are best calculated
for the exhibition of this phenomenon. If a person stand near the
wall, with his face turned to it, and whisper a few words, they may
be more distinctly heard at nearly the opposite side of the apart-
ment, than if the listener was situated nearer to the speaker.

THEORY OF THE VOICE.

Provide a species of whistle, common as a child’s toy or a
sportman’s call, in the form of a hollow cylinder, about three-
fourths of an inch in diameter, closed at both ends by flat circular
plates, with holes in their centres, Hold this toy between the
teeth and lips; blow through it, and you may produce sounds
varying in pitch with the force with which you blow. If the air
be cautiously graduated, all the sounds within the compass of a
double octave may be produced from it; and, if great precaution
be taken in the management of the wind, tones even yet graver
may be brought out. This simple instrument, or toy, has, indeed,
the greatest resemblance to the larynx, which is the organ of voice.

A speaking-machine has been invented in Germany, with which
SIGHT AND SOUND. 45
have been distinctly pronounced the words, mamma, papa, mother,
father, summer. This instrument consists of a pair of bellows, to
which is adapted a tube terminating in a bell, the aperture of
which is regulated by the hand, so as to produce the articulate
sounds.

SOUND ALONG A WALL.

Whisper along the bare wall of an apartment, and you will be
heard much further than in the middle of the room; for the trough
or angle between the wall and the floor, forms two sides of a square
pipe which conveys the sound.

SOUNDS MORE AUDIBLE BY NIGHT THAN BY DAY,

The experiment with the glass of champagne (page 40) has
been employed by Humboldt, in explanation of the greater
audibility of distant sounds by night than by day. This he attri-
butes to the uniformity of temperature in the atmosphere by night,
when currents of air no longer rise and disturb its equilibrium ;
as the air-bubbles in the champagne interfere with the vibration
within the glass. Again, the universal and dead silence gene-
rally prevalent at night, renders our auditory nerves sensible to
sounds which would otherwise escape them, and which are in-
audible among the continual hum of noises which is always going
on in the day time.

MUSICAL ECHO.

If a noise be made in a narrow passage, or apartment of
regular form, the echoes will be repeated at equal very small
intervals, and will always impress the ear with a musical note.
This is, doubtless, one of the means which blind persons have of
judging of the size and shape of any room they happen to be in.
46 SIGHT AND SOUND.

VENTRILOQUISM.

The main secret of this surprising art simply consists in first
making a strong and deep inspiration, by which a considerable
quantity of air is introduced into the lungs, to be afterwards acted
upon by the flexible powers of the larynx, or cavity situated behind
the tongue, and the trachea, or windpipe: thus prepared, the
expiration should be slow and gradual. Any person, by practice,
can, therefore, obtain more or less expertness in this exercise; in
which, though not apparently, the voice is still modified by the
mouth and tongue; and it is the concealment of this aid, that
much of the perfection of ventriloquism lies.

But the distinctive character of ventriloquism consists in its
imitations being performed by the voice seeming to come from the
stomach: hence its name, from venter, the stomach, and Joquor,
to speak. Although the voice does not actually come from that
region, in order to enable the ventriloquist to utter sounds from
the larynx without moving the muscles of his face, he strengthens
them by a powerful action of the abdominal muscles. Hence, he
speaks by means of his stomach; although the throat is the real
source from whence the sound proceeds. It should, however, be
added, that this speaking distinctly, without any movement of the
lips at all, is the highest perfection’of ventriloquism, and has but
rarely been attained. Thus, MM. St. Gille and Louis Brabant, two
celebrated French ventriloquists, appeared to be absolutely mute
while exercising their art, and no change in their countenances
could be discovered.

It has lately been shewn, that some ventriloquists have acquired
by practice the power of exercising the veil of the palate in such a
manner, that, by raising or depressing it, they dilate or contract
the inner nostrils. If they are closely contracted, the sound pro-
SIGHT AND SOUND, 47

duced is weak, dull, and seems to be more or less distant; if, on
the contrary, these cavities are widely dilated, the sound will be
strengthened, the voice become loud, and apparently close to us.

Another of the secrets of ventriloquism, is the uncertainty with
respect to the direction of sounds. Thus, if we place a man and a
child in the same angle of uncertainty, and the man speaks with
the accent of a child, without any corresponding motion in his
mouth or face, we shall necessarily believe that the voice comes
from the child. In this case, the belief is so strengthened by the
imagination ; for if we were directed to a statue, as the source from
which we were to expect sounds to issue, we should still be
deceived, and refer the sounds to the lifeless stone or marble.
This illusion will be greatly assisted by the voice being totally
different in tone and character from that of the man from whom
it really comes. Thus, we see how easy is the deception when the
sounds are required to proceed from any given object, and are
such as they actually yield.

The ventriloquists of our time, as M. Alexander and M.
Fitz-James, have carried their art still further. They have not
only spoken by the muscles of the throat and the abdomen,
without moving those of the face, but have so far overcome the
uncertainty of sound, as to become acquainted with modifications
of distance, obstruction, and other causes, so as to imitate them
with the greatest accuracy. Thus, each of these artists has suc-
ceeded in carrying on a dialogue; and each, in his own single
person and with his own single voice, has represented a scene
apparently with several actors. These ventriloquists have likewise
possessed such power over their faces and figures, that, aided
by rapid changes of dress, their personal identity has scarcely
been recognised among the range of personations.
48 SIGHT AND SOUND.

Vocal imitations are much less striking and ingenious than the
feats of ventriloquism. Extraordinary varieties of voice may be
produced, by speaking with a more acute or grave pitch than
usual, and by different contractions of the mouth. Thus may be
imitated the grinding of cutlery on a wheel, the sawing of wood,
the frying of a pancake, the uncorking of a bottle, and the
gurgling noise in emptying its contents.





meter; divide it into sixteen parts, and paint them
alternately red and black. Provide a second




“G ) circle or disk of the same size, and paint on it,
oe in large characters, the words “ At rest,” on a

BS 3) white ground. Connect both disks with the sim-
WLS ple apparatus for causing them to turn round,
used in the construction of a toy windmill. Next fill a basin with
water, and provide a few small pieces of phosphuret of lime:
darken the room, hold the disks over the basin, and turn them
round ; let the phosphuret of lime be put into the water, and bubbles
of light will rise to its surface. If they come up slowly, both disks
will appear stationary during their turning round; but when the
bubbles come up quickly, the black and red spaces will exhibit a
dancing motion, and sometimes two black spaces will seem joined
E2
52 LIGHT AND HEAT.

into one, to the exclusion of the intervening red, and vice versé :
the words on the second disk will also cross each other in various
directions, when the flashes of light interfere; and, in both cases,
confusion will be excited by an impression being made on the
retina before preceding impressions have departed.

DECOMPOSITION OF LIGHT.

Sir Isaac Newton first divided a white ray of light, and found
it to consist of an assemblage of coloured rays, which formed an
image upon a wall, and in which were displayed the following
colours: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Sir
Isaac then shewed that these seven colours, when again put toge-
ther or combined, recomposed white light. This may be proved
by painting a card wheel in circles with the above colours, and
whirling it rapidly upon a pin, when it will appear white.

Light may also be decomposed by the following beautiful
experiment :—Form a tube, about ten inches long and one inch in
diameter, of paper, one side of which is of a bright blue colour.
This may be done by wrapping the paper once round a cylinder of
wood, and securing the edges of the paper with paste. The coloured
side of the paper must be the interior of the tube. Apply this
tube to one eye, the other being closed, and on looking at the
ceiling, a circular orange spot will be seen, which is the result of
decomposition: the white light from the ceiling enters the tube,
the blue is retained, and the red and yellow rays enter the eye,
and produce the impression of orange.

SOLAR REFRACTION.
‘The theory of solar refraction may be beautifully illustrated as
follows: Puta shilling into a basin, and pour some water on it, .
when the silver will be refracted through the medium; and, if the
LIGHT AND HEAT. 53

vessel be filled, you may withdraw to any distance from which the
surface of the water will be visible, and, by the refraction from it,
you can still obserye the shilling.

THEATRICAL INCANTATIONS,.

Dissolve crystals of nitrate of copper in spirit of wine; light
the solution, and it will burn with a beautiful emerald-green flame:
pieces of sponge soaked in this spirit, lighted and suspended by
fine wires over the stage of theatres, produce the lambent green
flames now so common in incantation scenes: strips of flannel
saturated with it, and applied round copper swords, tridents, &c.
produce, when lighted, the flaming swords and fire-forks, bran-
dished by the demons in such scenes: indeed, the chief consumption
of nitrate of copper is for these purposes.

TO IMITATE THE LIGHT OF THE SEA.

It is well known, that on dark, stormy nights, the sea emits a
brilliant light, the effect of which may thus be imitated. Scrape
off four drams of the substance of putrefying fish, es whiting, her-
ring, or mackerel, and put it into a white glass bottle, containing
two ounces of sea-water, or of pure water with two drams of
common salt dissolved in it; set the bottle in a dark place, and in
three days a ring of light will be seen on the surface of the liquid,
and the whole, if shaken, will become luminous, and continue so for
some time. If it be set in a warm place, the light will be brighter ;
if the liquid be frozen, the light will disappear, but will re-appear
on being thawed.

If more salt be added to the solution, the light will disappear,
but instantly burst forth from absolute darkness by dilution with
water. Lime water, common water, beer, acids, even very dilute
5A LIGHT AND HEAT.

alkaline leys, as pearl-ash or soda and water, will permanently
extinguish this spontaneous light.

INSTANTANEOUS LIGHTS.

The oxygenated, or chlorate matches, are first dipped in melted
sulphur, and then tipped with a paste made of chlorate of potass,
sulphur, and sugar, mixed with gum-water, and coloured with
vermilion: frankincense and camphor are sometimes mixed with
the composition, and the wood of the match is pencil-cedar, so that
a fragrant odour is diffused by the matches in burning. To obtain
light, a match is very lightly dipped in a bottle containing a little
asbestos soaked in oil of vitriol.

Lucifers consist of chips of wood tipped with a paste of chlorate
of potass mixed with sulphuret of antimony, starch, and gum-
water: when a match is pinched between the folds of glass-paper,
and suddenly drawn out, a light is instantly obtained.

Prometheans cousist of small rolls of waxed paper, in one end
of which is a minute quantity of vitriol, in a glass bulb, sealed up,
and surrounded with chlorate of potass: when the end thus pre-
pared is pressed so as to break the bulb, the vitriol comes in
contact with the composition, and produces light instantly.

For cigar-smokers, Prometheans are made with touch-paper;
this ignites from the composition, and glows without flame, like a
slow match; and as ‘the wind will not extinguish it, a dry cigar
may be readily lighted at it.

Lucifers and Prometheans must be used with caution, and
should never be carelessly left about: by letting them fall upon a
sanded floor, and being accidentally trod upon, they may take fire,
and thus do great mischief.
LIGHT AND HEAT. 55

TO COLOUR THE FLAME OF A CANDLE.

Take a piece of packthread, or cotton thread, boil it in clear
water to free it from saline particles, and dry it; wet one end, and
take up on it a little of either of the salts hereafter named, in fine
powder, or strong solution. Then dip the wetted end of the thread
into the cup of a burning wax candle, and apply it to the exterior
of the flame, not quite touching the luminous part, but 90 a6
to be immersed in the cone of invisible but intensely heated air
which envelopes it. Immediately, an irregular sputtering com-
bustion of the wax on the thread will take place, and the invisible
cone of heat will be rendered luminous, with a peculiarly coloured
light, according to the salt employed.

Thus, common salt will give a bright yellow; muriate of
potass will give a beautiful pale violet; muriate of lime will give a
brick red; muriate of strontia will give a magnificent crimson ;
muriate of lithia will give a red; muriate of baryta will give a fine
pale apple green; muriate of copper will give a beautiful bluish
green; and green copperas will give a white light.

TO DIVIDE THE FLAME OF A CANDLE.

Provide about a foot square of brass or iron wire gauze, of the
fineness of thirty meshes to the square inch: lower the gauze upon
the flame of a wax candle, which will not rise through the meshes,
but in its place will be the inflammable smoke of the flame ; apply
to this a piece of lighted paper, and it will be kindled, and the
candle will burn with flame above and beneath the gauze. In
this case, the gauze so cools the flame, as to extinguish it; and
upon this principle is constructed the Davy Safety Lamp, in which
the light is surrounded with wire-gauze.
56 LIGHT AND HEAT.

To vary this experiment, place a chip of camphor in the centre
of a piece of wire-gauze about a foot square, and hold it over the
flame of a candle or lamp; when the vapour of the camphor will
burn brightly upon the lower surface of the gauze, but cannot rise
through it, in consequence of its cooling power. Thus, the
camphor lies upon the gauze in an uninflamed state, though it is
sufficiently heated to yield inflammable vapour to feed a flame
beneath.

CANE WICK LAMP,

Cut a piece of cane about one inch long; set it upright in
spirit of wine, with a small portion just above the surface: the
spirit will then rise through the tube of the cane, which, being
lighted, will burn as a wick.

CAMPHOR AND PLATINUM LAMP.

Place a small piece of camphor, or a few fragments, upon the
bottom of a glass, and lay upon the camphor a piece of coiled or
pressed up platinum wire, heated in the flame of a lamp; when
the platinum will glow brilliantly as long as any camphor remains,
and frequently light up into flame.

PLATINUM AND ETHER LAMP.

Put into a small hyacinth-glass a tea-spoonful of
ether, and suspend in it, by wire, a coil of fine pla-
tinum wire, first heated in the flame of a spirit lamp;
the wire will then glow with a red heat, and some
of it may become white hot; in the latter case, flame
will be produced by the ether burning.


LIGHT AND HEAT, 57

FLOATING LIGHT

Cut a chip of camphor; light it, and set it on a basin of water,
when it will continue to burn and float until it is consumed.

SUBSTITUTE FOR A WAX TAPER.

Steep a loosely twisted cotton skein in a solution of nitre; dry
it, and it will readily kindle by the sparks produced from the flint
and steel. If, however, the cotton be further prepared by coating
portions of it, at regular intervals, alternately with sulphur and
white wax, and the sparks be struck upon the sulphur, it will
readily kindle, and as readily light the wax; and the flame will
endure long enough for sealing a letter.

PHOSPHORESCENT FISH.

Place a very stale fish in a dark room, and it will give ont
a strong light, because of the numerous animalculz, whose growth
the putrefaction has promoted.

THE LUMINOUS SPECTRE.

Phosphorus in its pure state should be very cautiously han-
dled; as, unless used very moderately, it will burn the skin.
By adding to it, however, six parts of olive oil, it may be employed
with perfect safety. If every part of the face, except the eyes and
mouth, which should be kept shut while applying it, be anointed
with this mixture, it will give the party a most frightful appearance
in the dark. The eyes and mouth will seem black, and all the
other parts of the face will appear lighted with a sickly, pale-bluish
flame,
58 LIGHT AND HEAT.

LIGHT, A PAINTER.

Strain a piece of paper or linen upon a wooden frame, and
sponge it over with a solution of nitrate of silver in water; place it
behind a painting upon glass, or a stained window-pane, and the
light, traversing the painting or figures, will produce a copy of it
upon the prepared paper or linen; those parts in which the rays
were least intercepted being the shadows of the picture.

EFFECT OF LIGHT UPON CRYSTALIZATION,

Place a solution of nitre in a small basin of water, in a room
which has the light admitted only through a small hole in the
window-shutter ; crystals will then form most abundantly upon the
side of the basin exposed to the aperture through which the light
enters; and often the whole mass of crystals will turn towards it.
This peculiar effect may also be seen in the crystals in camphor
glasses in druggists’ windows, which are always most copious upon
the side exposed to the light.

EFFECT OF LIGHT ON PLANTS.

Shut a plant up in a ‘room into which light is only admitted
through a small hole in the window-shutter, and set the plant out
of the direction of this light; it will, in a short time, turn itself,
and even grow downwards, that it may expose its leaves to the light.

If plants be kept in darkness, they will soon become bleached ;
then, if they be exposed to the sun for three, four, or five hours,
the leaves and stalks will become as intensely green as if the
plants had been reared in the sun. Again, if a lighted lamp be
introduced into a dark room, wherein a plant has been shut up and
LIGHT AND HEAT. 59

bleached, it will become green, and direct itself towards the lamp.
If such a plant be removed from the room, exposed for some time
to the sun, and then returned to darkness, it will no longer support
the privation of light, but will fade and perish.

INSTANTANEOUS LIGHT UPON ICE.

Throw upon ice a small piece of potassium, and it will burst
into flame. In one experiment, the operator pressed the potas-
sium on the ice with a penknife, when the whole length of the ice
became ignited.

WHITE LIGHT FROM ZINC.

As a substance for light, zinc is far superior to any of the
metals. The light which it yields on burning is as bright as that
of the sun, and as white, so that the eye can scarcely endure it ;
and the effect is much increased by the great quantity of silvery
smoke which reflects the fire, and thus widely increases the sphere
of illumination. Zinc may be used in thin sheets, or in filings.

BRILLIANT LIGHT FROM TWO METALS.

Wrap a small piece of platinum in a piece of tin-foil of the
same size, and expose them upon charcoal to the action of the
blow-pipe ; when the union of the two metals will be accompanied.
by a rapid whirling, and by a remarkably brilliant light. If the
globule thus melted be allowed to drop into a basin of water, it will
remain for some time red-hot at the bottom of it.

BRILLIANT LIGHT FROM STEEL.
Pour into a watch-glass a little sulphuret of carbon, and light
it; hold in the flame a brush of steel-wire, and it will burn beauti-
fully. A watch-spring may also be burnt in it.
60 LIGHT AND HEAT.

LIGHTED TIN.

Place upon a piece of tinfoil a few powdered crystals of nitrate
of copper; moisten it with water; fold up the foil gently, and
wrap it in paper so as to keep out the air; lay it upon a plate, and
the tin will soon inflame.

LIGHT FROM GILT BUTTONS.

Provide a new and highly-polished gilt button, and hold it in a
strong light, closely but obliquely, over a sheet of white paper, when
it will present radiations exactly like the spokes of a carriage-
wheel ; the radiations being sixteen in number, and a little con-
tracted in the centre opposite the eye of the button, and presenting
altogether a beautiful appearance.

LIGHT FROM A FLOWER.

Hold a lighted candle to the flower of the fraxinella, and it
will dart forth little flashes of light. This beautiful appearance is
caused by the essential and inflammable oil contained in small
vessels at the extremities of the flower, which vessels burn at
the approach of any inflamed body, setting at liberty the essential
oil, as that contained in orange-peel is discharged by pressure.

LIGHT FROM SUGAR.

Simply break a bit of lump sugar between the fingers in the
dark, and light will be produced at the moment of fracture.

Or, if powdered loaf sugar be put into'a spoon, fused, and
kindled in the flame of a lamp, it will exhibit a fine jet of flame.
LIGHT AND HEAT. 61

LIGHT FROM THE POTATO.

Place a few potatoes in a dark cellar, and when they become in
a state of putrefaction, they will give out a vivid light sufficient to
read by. A few years since, an officer on guard at Strasbourg
thought the barracks were on fire, in consequence of the light thus
emitted from a cellar full of putrefying potatoes,

LIGHT FROM THE OYSTER.

Open an oyster, retain the liquor in the lower or deep shell, and,
if viewed through a microscope, it will be found to contain multi-
tudes of small oysters, covered with shells, and swimming nimbly
about; one hundred and twenty of which in a row would extend
but one inch. Besides these young oysters, the liquor contains a
variety of animalcule, and myriads of three distinct species of
worms, which shine in the dark like glow-worms. Sometimes their
light resembles a bluish star about the centre of the shell, which
will be beautifully luminous in a dark room.

LIGHT FROM DERBYSHIRE SPAR.

Pound, coarsely, some of the dark blue or the fetid variety of
Derbyshire spar ; heat it in a dark room, in a platinum spoon, over
the low flame of a spirit-lamp, and the spar will shine with a
beautiful purple tint.

Pounded swinestone, calcareous spar, and powdered quartz, will
also give out light, if strewn upon a fire-shovel which has been
heated red-hot, and has just ceased glowing.

"A variety of fluor spar, found in granite in Siberia, will shine
in the dark, when warmed, with a remarkably strong phosphorescent
62 , LIGHT AND HEAT,

light, increasing as the temperature is raised. ‘The light augments
-when the spar is plunged into water; and in boiling water, the
spar becomes so luminous that the letters of a printed book can be
seen in a dark room near the glass containing it.

Another variety of fluor spar, also found in Siberia, is of a
pale violet colour, and emits a white light merely by the heat of
the hand; and ‘when put into boiling water, it will give out a
green light.

LIGHT FROM OYSTER-SHELLS.

Put oyster-shells into a common fire ; burn them for about half
an hour: then remove them into a dark room, when many of the
shells will exhibit beautiful specimens of prismatic colours.

RINGS OF LIGHT IN CRYSTAL.

This is one of the most striking of optical exhibitions, and may
be thus simply produced. Provide a sheet of clear ice, about an
inch thick, frozen in still weather; let the light fall through . the
ice upon a pane of window-glass, or a polished table, and by placing
a fragment of plate-glass near the eye as a reflector, the most
beautiful rings of light may be observed.

TO STRIKE LIGHT WITH CANE.
Strike a piece of rattan cane with a steel, and it contains so
much silex, or flint, that it will exhibit sparks of light in the dark.
CAUSE OF TRANSPARENCY.

Moisten a piece of paper, and it will appear more transparent
than when in its natural state ; the cause of which is as follows: a,
LIGHT AND HEAT, 63

piece of dry, paper has its pores obstructed with finely interwoven
threads; these are broken by the liquor, which also fills the pores
as so many small tubes, and permits the light to pass through it,
whereas the dry threads had hitherto prevented its passage.

TRANSPARENCY OF GOLD.

All bodies are more or less transparent. Thus, though gold is
one of the densest metals, yet, if a piece of the thinnest gold-leaf
be held up to a candle, the light will pass through it; and that it
passes through the substance of the metal, and not through cracks
or holes too small to be detected by the eye, is evident from the
colour of the transmitted light, which is green.

TINT CHANGED BY THICKNESS,

Provide a piece of plain and polished smalt-blue glass, such as
sugar-basins and finger-glasses are made of. It should be of
unequal thickness. Look through this glass at a strong light, as
that from the crack of a window-shutter in a darkened room, and,
at the thinnest part, the colour will be purely blue. As the thick-
ness increases, a purple tinge will come on, which will become
more and more ruddy ; and, if the glass be very thick, the colour
will pass to a deep red.

SHADOWS MADE DARKER BY INCREASED LIGHT.

Hold a finger between a candle and the wall, and it will cast a
shadow of a certain darkness: then place another candle in the
same line with the other from the wall, andthe shadow will
appear doubly dark, although there will be more light in the room
than before. Then separate the candles, and place them s0 as to
produce two shadows of the finger, one partly overlapping the
other, and that part will be of double darkness, as compared with
the remainders.
64 LIGHT AND HEAT.

MINIATURE THUNDER AND LIGHTNING.

To imitate thunder, provide a thin sheet of iron; hold it by
one corner between the finger and thumb, and allow it to hang
freely by its own weight. Then shake the hand horizontally, so
as to agitate the corner in a direction at right angles to the surface
of the sheet. Thus you may produce a great variety of sounds,
from the deep growl of distant thunder to those loud claps which
rattle in rapid succession immediately over our heads. The same
effect may be produced by sheets of tinned iron, or tin-plate, and
by thin plates of mica; but the sound is shorter and more acute.

Partial flashes of lightning, aurora borealis, &c. may be beauti-
fully imitated by taking in a spoon about a dram of the seeds of
lycopodium, and throwing them against a lighted candle, all other |
light being excluded from the room.

A similar effect may be produced, by laying some powdered
resin on a piece of paper, and fillipping it with the finger against
the flame of a candle.

THE BURNING GLASS.

If, when the sun shines brightly, a piece of paper be held in
the focus of the rays drawn by the burning-glass, it will take fire.
This experiment succeeds best with brown or any dark-coloured
paper; for, though the glass will collect an equal number of rays
upon white as upon coloured paper, the white paper reflects the
rays instead of allowing them to enter it; hence the white is not
so soon burnt as the coloured paper, which absorbing more light
than it reflects, soon becomes heated, and takes fire.

MAGIC OF HEAT.

Melt a small quantity of the sulphate of potass and copper in
a spoon over a spirit-lamp; it will be fused at a heat just below
LIGHT AND HEAT. 65

redness, and produce a liquid of a dark green colour. Remove the
spoon from the flame, when the liquid will become a solid of a
brilliant emerald-green colour, and so remain till its heat sinks
nearly to that of boiling water, when suddenly a commotion will
take place throughout the mass, beginning from the surface, and
each atom, asif animated, will start up and separate itself from the
rest, till, in a few moments, the whole will become a heap of
powder.

REPULSION BY HEAT.

Provide two small pieces of glass; sprinkle a minute portion of
sulphur upon one piece, lay thin slips of wood around it, and place
upon it the other piece of glass. Move them slowly over the flame
of a lamp or candle, and the sulphur will become sublimed, and
form grey nebulous patches, which are very curious microscopic
objects. Each cluster consists of thousands of transparent glo-
bules, imitating, in miniature, the nebule which we see figured
in treatises on astronomy. By observing the largest particles, we
shall find them to be flattened on one side. Being very transpa-
rent, each of them acts the part of a little lens, and forms in its
focus the image of a distant light, which gan be perceived even
in the smaller globules, until it vanishes from minuteness. If they
are examined again after a certain number of hours, the smaller
globules will generally be found to have retained their transparency,
while the larger ones will have become opaque, in consequence
of the sulphur having undergone some internal spontaneous change.
But the most remarkable circumstance attending this experi-
ment is, that the globules are found adhering to the upper glass
only; the reason of which is, that the upper glass is somewhat
cooler than the lower one ; by which means we see that the vapour ,
of sulphur is very powerfully repelled by heated glass. The

F

¢
66 LIGHT AND HEAT.

flattened form of the particles is owing to the force with which
they endeavour to recede from the lower glass, and their consequent
pressure against the surface of the upper one. This experiment is
considered by its originator, Mr. H. F. Talbot, F.R.S., to be a
satisfactory argument in favour of the repulsive power of heat.

HEAT PASSING THROUGH GLASS.

The following experiment is also by Mr. Talbot :—Heat a
poker bright-red hot, and having opened a window, apply the
poker quickly very near to the outside of a pane, and the
hand to the inside; a strong heat will be felt at the instant,
which will cease as soon as the poker is withdrawn, and may
be again renewed, and made to cease as quickly as before.
Now, it is well known, that if a piece of glass is so much
warmed as to convey the impression of heat to the hand, it will
retain some part of that heat for a minute or more; but, in this
experiment, the heat will vanish in a moment. It will not, there-
fore, be the heated pane of glass that we shall feel, but heat which
has come through the glass, in a free or radiant state.

METALS UNEQUALLY INFLUENCED BY HEAT.

All metals do not conduct heat at the same rate, as may be
proved by holding in the flame of a candle at the same time, a
piece of silver wire, and a piece of platina wire, when the silver
wire will become too hot to hold, much sooner than the platina. Or,
cut a cone of each wire, tip it with wax, and place it upon a
heated plate (as a fire-shovel), when the wax will melt at different
periods.
LIGHT AND HEAT. 67

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION.
e

Mix a little chlorate of potass with spirit of wine in a atrong
saucer ; add a little sulphuric acid, and an orange vapour »will
arise and burst into flame.

INEQUALITY OF HEAT IN FIRE-IRONS.

Place before a brisk fire a set of polished fire-irons, and beside
them a rough unpolished poker, such as is used in a kitchen, or
instead of a bright poker. The polished irons will remain for a
long time without becoming warmer than the temperature of the
room, because the heat radiated from the fire is all reflected, or
thrown off, by the polished surface of the irons, and none of it is
absorbed. The rough poker will, however, become speedily hot,
so as not to be used without inconvenience. Hence, the polish of
fire-irons is not merely ornamental but useful.

EXPANSION OF METAL BY HEAT.

Provide an iron rod, and fit it exactly into a metal ring ; heat
the rod red-hot, and it will no longer enter the ring.

Observe an iron gate on a warm day, when it will shut with
difficulty ; whereas, it will shut loosely and easily on a cold day.

EVAPORATION OF A METAL.

Rub a globule of mercury upon a silver spoon, and the two
metals will combine with a white appearance ; heat the spoon care-
fully in the flame of a spirit lamp, when the mercury will volatilize
and disappear, and the spoon may then be polished until it recovers

r2
68 LIGHT AND HEAT.

its usual lustre: if, however, the mercury be left for some time
on the spoon, the solid texture of the silver will be destroyed
throughout, and then the silver can only be recovered by heating
it in a ladle.

A FLOATING METAI. ON FIRE.

Throw a small piece of that marvellous substance, potassium,
into a basin of water, and it will swim upon the surface, and burn
with a beautiful light, of a red colour mixed with violet. When
moderately heated in the air, potassium takes fire, and burns with
a red light.

HEAT AND COLD FROM FLANNEL.

Put a piece of ice into a basin, which wrap up in many folds
of flannel, and the ice may be preserved for some time by the
fireside.

ICE MELTED BY AIR.

If two pieces of ice be placed in a warm room, one of them
may be made to melt much sooner than the other, by blowing on
it with a pair of bellows.

TO HOLD A HOT TEA-KETTLE ON THE HAND.

Be sure that the bottom of the kettle is well covered with soot;
when the water in it boils, remove it from the fire, and place it
upon the palm of the hand; no inconvenience will be felt, as the
soot will prevent the heat being transmitted, from the water within
and the heated metal, to the hand.
LIGHT AND HEAT. 69

INCOMBUSTIBLE LINEN.

Make a strong solution of borax in water, and steep in it linen,
muslin, or any article of clothing ; when dry, they cannot easily
be inflamed.

THE BURNING CIRCLE.

Light a stick, and whirl it round with a rapid motion, when its
burning end will produce a complete circle of light, although that
end can only be in one part of the circle at the same instant.
This is caused by the duration of the impression of light upon
the retina. Another example is, that during the twinkling of the
eye we never lose sight of the object we are viewing.

WATER OF DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES IN THE SAME VESSEL.

Of heat and cold, as of wit and madness, it may be said that
“ thin partitions do their bounds divide.” Thus, paint one-half of
the surface of a tin-pot with a mixture of lamp-black and size, and
leave the other half, or side, bright; fill the vessel with boiling
water, and by dipping a thermometer, or even the finger, into it
shortly after, it will be found to cool much more rapidly upon the
blackened than upon the bright side of the pot.

WARMTH OF DIFFERENT COLOURS.

Place upon the surface of snow, as upon the window-sill, in
bright daylight or sunshine, pieces of cloth of the same size and
quality, but of different colours, black, blue, green, yellow, and
white : the black cloth will soon melt the snow beneath it, and sink
downwards; next the blue, and then the green; the yellow but
slightly; but the snow beneath the white cloth will be as firm

as at first.
70 LIGHT AND HEAT.

SUBSTITUTE FOR FIRE.

Put into a cup a lump of quick-lime, fresh from the kiln, pour
water upon it, and the heat will be very great. A pailful of
quick-lime, if dipped in water, and shut closely into a box con-
structed for the purpose, will give out sufficient heat to warm a
room, even in very cold weather.


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GAS AND STEAM.

SO

LAUGHING GAS.

RAVE HE above fanciful appellation has been given to
nitrous oxide, from the very agreeable sensa-
) tions excited by inhaling it. In its pure state
. it destroys animal life, but loses this noxious
DX) quality when inhaled, because it becomes
2%) blended with the atmospheric air which it
meets in the lungs. This gas is made by”
putting three or four drams of nitrate of ammonia, in crystals,
‘into a small glass retort, which being held over a spirit-lamp, the
crystals will melt, and the gas be evolved.

_ Having thus produced the gas, it is to be passed into a large
bladder, having a stop-cock ; and when you are desirous of exhibit-
ing its effects, you cause the person who wishes to experience them,
to first exhale the atmospheric air from the lungs, and then quickly


74 GAS AND STEAM.

placing the cock in his mouth, you turn it, and bid him inhale the
gas. Immediately, a sense of extraordinary cheerfulness, fanciful
flights of imagination, an uncontrollable propensity to laughter,
and a consciousness of being capable of great muscular exertion,
supervene. It does not operate in exactly the same manner on all
persons ; but in most cases the sensations are agreeable, and have
this important difference from those produced by wine or spirituous
liquors, that they are not succeeded by any depression of mind.

THE LUMINOUS WAND.

Cover a long slip of wood, half way, with sulphur, by immer-
sion while in a melted state. Having prepared a jar of nitrous
oxide gas, as in preceding experiments, light the sulphur, and
plunge the wand into the jar. The gas will extinguish the flame.
Withdraw the wand, light it again, and when the flame is very
brilliant, immerse it again in the jar. It will this time burn with
great splendour, and of a beautiful red colour.

TO MAKE CARBONIC ACID GAS.

Put about an ounce of marble in small lumps, into an eight-
ounce phial, with about an equal quantity of water; pour in a
little muriatic acid, and carbonic acid gas will be evolved.

CARBONIC ACID GAS IN WINE OR BEER VESSELS.

The apparently empty or upper part of vessels in which wine
or beer is working, is filled with this deleterious gas; for its
great weight prevents its ascent from the fermenting liquid. A
variety of striking but simple experiments may be made with the
GAS AND STEAM. 75

gas in this condition. Lighted paper, or a candle dipped into it,
will be immediately extinguished ; and the smoke remaining in
the carbonic acid gas will render its surface visible, which may be
thrown into waves by agitation, like water. In consequence of
the great weight of the carbonic acid gas, it may be taken from
a vat of fermenting liquor, in a jug or bottle, and in the latter, if
well corked, it may be conveyed to great distances; or the gas
may be drawn out of a vessel by a cock, like a liquid.

TO EXTINGUISH FLAME WITH GAS,

The effects produced by pouring carbonic acid gas from one
vessel to another, have a very singular appearance; if a lighted
candle be placed in a jar, and the gas be poured upon it, the

_ flame will be extinguished in a few seconds, though the eye is
incapable of distinguishing that anything is poured out.

EFFECT OF HYDROGEN ON THE VOICE.

Make a hole through a wine cork of sufficient size to admit a
smaller cork ; through which make another hole, and fix it into
the larger one. Tie the corks thus fixed into the neck of a
bullock’s bladder, previously exhausted of air; let a tube from a
bottle generating hydrogen pass very tightly through the aperture
in the small cork, and the gas will distend and fill the bladder.
The instant it is full, withdraw the inner cork, and either prevent
the escape of the gas by means of the thumb, or cork it closely, till
the operator is ready to breathe the gas ; to do which, he should
put the open cork into his mouth, and take one inspiration, when,
on immediately speaking, his voice will be remarkably shrill. The
effect will pass off in a few seconds.
76 GAS AND STEAM.

MAGIC TAPER.

Provide a piece of copper wire, about ten inches long, and fix
at one end of it a piece of wax taper: take a pint bottle of hydro-
gen, and place the mouth downwards ; light the taper, introduce it
into the bottle, and the gas will take fire, and burn slowly towards
the mouth, where it is in contact with the air. If, however, the
taper be passed up into the bottle, it will be extinguished; but, on
gently withdrawing it through the burning hydrogen, the wick will
be rekindled. This may be done several times in succession with
the same portion of gas.

THE GAS CANDLE.

Provide a strong glass bottle which will contain about eight
ONG ounces, or half a pint, into which put a few pieces
= ‘= of zinc; then mix half an ounce of sulphuric acid
“ul ¥ with four ounces of water, and pour it into the bottle
upon the zinc; fit the mouth closely with a cork,
through which put a metal tube which ends upward in
a fine opening: the mixture in the bottle will soon
effervesce, and hydrogen gas will rise through the tube.
When it has escaped for about a minute, apply a lighted
paper to the tube, and the gas will burn like a candle,
but with a pale flame. Its brightness may be increased
to brilliance, by sifting over it a small quantity of mag-
nesia.



GAS BUBBLES.

Provide a bladder, fill it with hydrogen gas, to be made as for
the last experiment, and fit the end of a tobacco-pipe closely
into the bladder; dip the bowl of the pipe into soap and water, and,
GAS AND STEAM. 77

by pressing the bladder, soap-bubbles will be formed, filled with
hydrogen gas; which bubbles, or balloons, will rise in the air, and
keep there for some time.

GAS-LIGHT IN THE DAY-TIME.

Light a stream of hydrogen gas, and it will be scarcely visible
in the day-light ; but place in it a small coil of platinum wire, or
project a little oxide of zinc through the flame, and it will become
very luminous.

MINIATURE BALLOONS,

One of the simplest and most beautiful experiments in aérosta-
tion, is to take a turkey’s maw, or stomach, properly prepared,
and to fill it either with pure hydrogen gas, or the carburetted
hydrogen produced from coal. If the balloon be then allowed to
escape in the open air, it will ascend rapidly in the atmosphere :
but the best method of shewing the experiment, is to let the
balloon off a high staircase, and observe it ascend to the cupola or
light, where it will remain near the highest point till the escape
of the gas allow it to descend. The prepared maw for this balloon
may be purchased of any optician.

MINIATURE GAS-LIGHTING.

Bicarburetted hydrogen is the principal constituent of the gas
burned in the streets: it is procured from coal, and the process
may readily be performed on a small scale. Put about two ounces
of pounded coal into an earthen retort, and fix a glass tube into
the neck, terminating in an aperture of one-fifth of an inch in
diameter ; heat the retort red-hot, and apply the flame of a taper
78 GAS AND STEAM.

to the orifice of the tube, when the gas will burn with a bright
white light, very different from that afforded by the combustion of
hydrogen; a circumstance owing to the presence of particles of
carbon in the carburet, which being intensely ignited, are highly
luminous.

It is no less strange than true, that bicarburetted hydrogen, the
substance which we so largely consume to illuminate our towns, is
ether when united to water in one proportion, and spirit when
combined with it in another ; a fluid which constitutes the strength
of all wines, beer, and fermented liquors.

MUSICAL GAS.

Into a half-pint glass bottle, -putsome zinc, granulated by
being melted in a ladle, and then poured gradually into water.

- Add some sulphuric acid, diluted with eight parts
by weight of water. Then pass a glass tube with a
capillary bore, through a cork, which you have pre-
viously made to closely fit the bottle, and cork the
bottle well. Ina short time, the atmospheric air will
% be expelled, and hydrogen gas will rise through the
tube ; you then apply a light, and the gas will become
ignited. If you now hold another glass tube, about
eighteen or twenty inches long, over the flame, suffi-
ciently wide to enclose the other tube very loosely (see
engraving), the little speck of flame will sport along
the larger tube, and musical sounds will be produced,
which may be varied by using other tubes of different
dimensions, and made of different materials; the wide
tubes forming the lower, and the narrow tubes the upper notes.


GAS AND STEAM. 79

MINIATURE WILL 0’-THE-WISP.

Put 2 small piece or two of the phosphuret of lime into a saucer
of water, when bubbles of phosphuretted hydrogen gas will rise to
the surface, explode into flame, and cause a white smoke ; repre-
senting, on a small scale, the ignis fatuus, or will o'-the-wisp, as
seen over marshy ground, or stagnant pools of water.

PHOSPHORIC ILLUMINATION.

A light so brilliant that the eye can scarcely bear to contem-
plate it, is produced by the immersion of phosphorus in oxygen
gas. To perform this experiment, you place a piece of phosphorus
in a copper cup, of the circumference of a sixpence, which is
fastened to a thick piece of iron wire, attached to a cork which fits
a bottle (as in the foregoing experiment) filled with oxygen gas.
Set fire to the phosphorus, and quickly plunge it into the bottle ;
when the splendour of the combustion will be surpassingly beau-
tiful.

It is necessary to observe, that the heat is so excessive, that if
the piece of phosphorus in this experiment be larger than a small
pea, there will be great danger of breaking the bottle.

COMBUSTION OF IRON IN OXYGEN GAS.

Twist a piece of fine iron wire, such as is used by piano-forte
makers, round a cylindrically-shaped piece of wood or metal, which
will give it a spiral form ; or a broken watch-spring, which may be
bought for a trifle of the watchmakers, will answer the same
purpose. Fasten round one end of it some waxed cotton thread or
twine, and attach the other end to a cork, which fits a glass jar or
bottle that will hold a quart, filled with oxygen gas. Having
made the wire red-hot by setting light to the thread, plunge it into
80 GAS AND STEAM.

the bottle. Do not cork the bottle, but let the cork merely lay on
the mouth, and to prevent its being burned a small piece of lead
should be fastened to the bottom of it. The iron will instantly
begin to burn with great brilliancy, throwing out luminous scin-
tillations.

To prevent the bottle from being broken by the sparks, a small
quantity of sand should be previously poured into it.

GLOW-WORM IN OXYGEN GAS.

If a glow-worm be placed in a jar of oxygen gas, in a dark
room, it will shine with a far surpassing brilliancy to that which
it exhibits in atmospheric air.

LUMINOUS CHARCOAL.

Attach a small piece of charcoal to the end of a copper wire ;
make it red-hot, and immerse it in a jar of oxygen gas. The
charcoal will burn with great brilliance, throwing out splendid scin-
tillations. The bark of the wood converted into charcoal must be
selected, otherwise there will be no scintillations.

BRILLIANT COMBUSTION IN OXYGEN.

Place in a bottle of oxygen ‘gas a lighted taper, and it will
burn with a flame of increased brilliancy.

Extinguish ‘the taper immediately ; put it into the same or
another bottle of oxygen, and it will be again lighted, provided a
spark remain on the wick.

Bend a piece of iron wire in a spiral form, and tie on to one
end some cotton or flax; sprinkle some flour of sulphur on it, set
it on fire, dip it into a bottle of oxygen gas, and beautiful corrusca-
tions will be thrown off the wire.
GAS AND STEAM. 81

FLAME FROM COLD METALS.

Provide a bottle of the gas chlorine, which may be purchased of
any operative chemist, and with it you may exhibit some brilliant
experiments.

For example, reduce a small piece of the metal antimony to a
very fine powder in a mortar ; place some of this on a bent card,
then loosen the stopper of the bottle of chlorine, and throw in the
antimony, it will take fire spontaneously, and burn with much
splendour; thus exhibiting a cold metal spontaneously bursting
into flame.

If, however, a Jump of antimony be dropped into the chlorine,
there will be no spontaneous combustion, nor, immediate change :
but, in the course of time, the antimony will become incrusted with
a white powder, and no chlorine will be found in the bottle.

Or, provide copper in fine leaves, known as “ Dutch metal ;”
slightly breathe on one end of a glass rod, about ten inches long, and
cause one or two leaves of the metal to adhere to the damp end;
then open a bottle of chlorine, quickly plunge in the leaves, when
they will instantly take fire, and burn with a fine red light, leaving
in the bottle a greenish-yellow solid substance.

A small Jump of copper, or “ Dutch metal,” will not burn as
above, but will be slowly acted upon, like the antimony.

Immerse gold leaf in a jar of chlorine gas, and combustion with
a beautiful green flame will take place.

PHOSPHORUS IN CHLORINE.

Put into a deflagrating spoon about four grains of phosphorus, "
and let it down into a bottle of chlorine, when the phosphorus will |
ignite instantaneously,

@
82 GAS AND STEAM+

Or, fold a slip of blotting-paper into a match five inches long ;
dip it into oil of turpentine, drain it an instant, drop it into another
bottle of chlorine, when it will burst into a flame, and deposit much
carbon.

CAOUTCHOUC BALLOONS.

Put a little ether into a bottle of caoutchouc, close it tightly,
soak it in hot water, and it will become inflated to a considerable
size. These globes may be made so thin as to be transparent.

A piece of caoutchouc, the size of a walnut, has thus been ex-
tended to a ball fifteen inches in diameter ; and a few years since, a
caoutchouc balloon, thus made, escaped from Philadelphia, and was
found 130 miles from that city.

TO INCREASE THE LIGHT OF COAL GAS.

Lay apiece of wire-gauze upon the glass chimney of a common
argand gas burner, when the flame will be enlarged to twice its
former dimensions, and its light fully doubled. If the experiment
be made with a common argand oil-lamp, the flame will be often
enlarged, but so discoloured as to yield less light,

GAS FROM INDIAN RUBBER.

Put caoutchoucine, or the spirit distilled from caoutchouc,
or Indian rubber, into a phial, little more than sufficient to cover
the bottom, and the remainder of the phial will be filled with a
heavy yapour; pour this off the spirit into another phial, apply
to it a piece of lighted paper, and the vapour will burn with 4
brilliant flame.
GAS AND STEAM, 83

ETHER GAS,

Let fall a few drops of ether into a large drinking-glass, and

cover it with a plate for afew minutes; during this time, the glass

' will be filled with vapour from the ether, so that, on removing the

plate, and applying a piece of lighted paper at the mouth of the glass,

the invisible vapour will take fire; thus proving how readily a vola-
tile fluid, such as ether, combines with the air.

MAGIC VAPOUR.

Provide a glass tube, about three feet long and half an inch in
diameter, nearly fill it with water, upon the surface of which pour 4
little coloured ether; then close the open end of the tube carefully
with the palm of the hand, invert it in a basin of water, and rest
the tube against the wall: the ether will rise through the water to
the upper end of the tube; pour a little hot water over the tube,
and it will soon cause the ether to boil within, and its vapour may
thus be made to drive nearly all the water out of the tube into the
basin ; if, however, you then cool the tube by pouring cold water
over it, the vaporized ether will again become a liquid, and float
upon the water as before.

GAS FROM THE UNION OF METALS,

Nearly fill a wine-glass with diluted sulphuric acid, and place
in it a wire of silver and another of zinc, taking care that they do
not touch each other; when the zinc will be changed by the acid,
but the silver will remain inert. But, cause the upper ends of
the wires to touch each other, and a stream of gas will issue
from them.

o2

‘
84 GAS AND STEAM.

INVISIBLE GASES MADE VISIBLE.

Pour a little sulphuric acid upon some common salt in a saucer.
Into another saucer put a mixture of about two parts of quick-lime
and one of sal ammoniac, both in powder, adding to these a very
small quantity of boiling water. Each saucer apart will yield an
invisible gas; but the moment they are brought closely together,
very visible vapours will be the result.

LIGHT UNDER WATER.

Put into an eau de Cologne bottle two drams of chlorate of
potass, and upon that salt about a dozen chips of phosphorus, and
fill up the bottle with cold water: provide a glass tube which will
reach to the potass, through which pour half-an-ounce, by measure,
of strong sulphuric acid, when a gas will instantly rise, give to the
liquid a deep yellow colour, and inflame the phosphorus in a
striking manner.

GASEOUS EVANESCENCE.

Add a tea-spoonful of fuming nitric acid to two tea-spoonfuls
of spirit of wine, in a cup, and the liquids will presently disappear
in the form of vapour.

VIOLET-COLOURED GAS,

Put three or four grains of iodine into a small clean Florence
oil flask, and close it with a cork. Warm the flask gently over a
candle, or before the fire, and the iodine will become converted
into a beautiful violet-coloured vapour, which condenses again
into brilliant metallic crystals, when the flask is suffered to become
cold. The experiment may be repeated with the same flask for
any number of times,
GAS AND STEAM. 85

Or, upon a small sheet of any metal, place a few grains of
iodine, and add a chip of dry phosphorus; when the latter will
inflame, and the iodine pass off in a violet vapour.

TO COLLECT GASES,

Provide a moistened bladder, tie a piece of tobacco-pipe firmly
into its neck, twisting it so as to expel the common air. This
may be fitted to any vessel by means of the pipe, which may be
fixed in the cork of a bottle containing gas, and closely luted
with putty or clay, or powdered lime and white of egg.

THE DEFLAGRATING SPOON,

To introduce substances into gases, a deflagrating spoon is
required. It may be bought for half-a-crown ; but an instrument
equally useful may be made as follows: cut a piece of sheet copper
somewhat larger than a sixpence, and bend it into a shallow, cup-
like, form; twist four fine brass wires, each nine inches long,
tightly together, leaving an inch at the extremities, which must be
spread to hold the copper, as the strings or chains of a balance
" gupport the scale-pan. To complete it, take a piece of sheet-lead
the size of a penny-piece; make a hole through the centre large
enough to admit the twisted wires, but, at the same time, retaining
them firmly in their position: then, if the wires will not rest in the
lead by adhesion, the hole may be enlarged, the wire put in, and
secured by a piece of solder. The spoon being then let down
through the mouth of a bottle, the circular piece of lead rests
upon and stops the mouth.

WHAT IS STEAM?

Invert a glass goblet over a cup of hot water, when the vapour
or steam will be seen to rise in it, to condense upon the cold glass,
86 GAS AND STEAM,

and then to run down its inside; thus shewing that steam is
vaporized water, and will, when the heat is abstracted from it,
become water again,

THE STEAM-ENGINE SIMPLIFIED.

The steam-engine is much more intelligible than its name first
suggests. That part by which the machinery is set in motion,
may be compared to a syringe, or squirt, the rod of which is driven
up and down by steam admitted above and below, one end of the
rod being connected with the machinery to be worked. Thus, the
piston is made to turn the wheels of a railway carriage, or the
paddles of a steam-boat.

The elastic force of the steam, or vapour, by which the rod is
driven up and down, may be explained by this simple experiment.
Provide a test tube, put into it a little water, hold the thumb over
the mouth, and cause the water to boil by holding it over a spirit-
lamp. There will soon be felt a pressure against the thumb;
when, if the tube be dipped into cold water, the thumb being still
held at the end, a kind of suction will be felt against it. Now,
the tube resembles the cylinder of the steam-engine, in which the
piston moves up and down ; to imitate which, wrap a little tow
about the end of a piece of stick, grease it with tallow, and fit it
moderately tight into the tube; when the water is made to boil,
the stick will be raised, and when the end is dipped into cold
water, the stick will fall as the piston rises and falls in the
cylinder.

TO BOIL WATER BY STEAM.

Nearly fill a retort with water, and boil it over a lamp; then
immerse the beak into a tumbler of cold water, and the disengaged
GAS AND STEAM. 87

steam will raise the water to the boiling temperature, though it
be at a distance from the source of heat,

DISTILLATION IN MINIATURE.

Fill a kettle with water, and set it on the fire; fix a long
metal tube to the spout, and as soon as the water boils, the steam
will pass into the tube, and being condensed into water, will drip
at the other end of the tube, which corresponds with the worm in
the still; it soon, however, becomes as hot as the water, and then
the condensation will cease: but, were the tube passed through
cold water, as is the worm of the still in a tub, the whole water in
the kettle might be boiled away, but reproduced in the tube, and
collected from it without the loss of a drop. This simple process
resembles distillation, and the kettle and tube the still.

CANDLE OR FIRE CRACKERS.

Provide a number of little glass bulbs, put into each a drop of
water, and seal it up; if it be then put into the flame of a candle,
or the fire, the heat will soon convert the water into steam, and
cause the bulb to burst with a loud report.

STEAM FROM THE KETTLE.

Observe attentively the steam that escapes from the spout of
a tea-kettle, at the moment the water begins to boil, and you will
perceive the steam to be condensed in minute drops on the interior
edges of the spout. A few moments afterwards, provided the
water continue to boil, the spout of the kettle will become per-
fectly dry; and, at the same time, close to it, there will be a
certain space, say from one-half to three-fourths of an inch,
88 GAS AND STEAM.

throughout which not a particle of steam will be perceptible.
This may be easily explained. When the water in the kettle
begins to boil, the spout being cooler than the steam issuing from
it, a portion of that steam is condensed. As more steam escapes,
the metal soon becomes as hot as the steam, will no longer con-
dense it, and the spout becomes dry. By this time, the steam will
displace the air immediately opposite the orifice of the spout,
whence it will issue dry and invisible. As it is cooled by mixing
with the surrounding air, it assumes its well-known cloudy ap-
pearance.





FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

—_-3o-—

COLOURED FLAMES.

variety of rays of light is exhibited by
coloured flames, which are not to be seen in
2a) white light. Thus, pure hydrogen gas will
4, burn with a blue flame, in which many of the
rays of light are wanting. The flame of an oil-
lamp contains most of the rays which are want-
7 ing in sun-light. Alcohol, mixed with water,
when heated or burned, affords a flame with no other rays but
yellow. The following salts, if finely powdered, and introduced
into the exterior flame of a candle, or into the wick of a spirit-
lamp, will communicate to flame their peculiar colours :
Muriate of Soda (common salt) . Yellow.
Muriate of Potash ......... Pale violet.
Muriate of Lime ......... Brick red.
Muriate of Strontia .......» Bright crimson.


92 FIRE, WATER; AND AIR.

Muriate of Lithia. ........ Red.

Muriate of Baryta......... Pale apple-green.
Muriate of Copper........- Bluish green.
Borax cece ccc crecs Green.

Or, either of the above salts may be mixed with spirit of wine,
as directed for Red Fire.
YELLOW FLAME,

Burn spirit of wine on common table salt or saltpetre.

ORANGE-COLOURED FLAME,

Burn spirit of wine on chloride of calcium, a substance obtained
by evaporating muriate of lime to dryness.

EMERALD GREEN FLAME.
Burn spirit of wine on a little powdered nitrate of copper.

INSTANTANEOUS FLAME,

Heat together potassium and sulphur, and they will instantly
burn very vividly.

Heat a little nitre in a fire-shovel, sprinkle on it flour of sul-
phur, and it will instantly burn. If iron filings be thrown upon
red-hot nitre, they will detonate and burn.

Pound, separately, equal parts of chlorate of potash and lump
sugar; mix them, and put upon a plate a small quantity ; dip a
thread into sulphuric acid, touch the powder with it, and it will
burst into a brilliant flame.
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 93

Or, put a few grains of chlorate of potash’into a table-spoonful
of spirit of wine ; add one or two drops of sulphuric acid, and the
whole will burst into a beautiful flame.

THE CUP OF FLAME.

Put a little newly calcined magnesia into a tea-cup upon the :
hearth or hob, and suddenly pour in as much concentrated sul-
phuric acid as will cover the magnesia; in an instant, sparks will
be thrown out, and the mixture will become completely ignited.
To prevent accidents, the phial containing the sulphuric acid
should be tied to the end of a long stick.

TO COOL FLAME BY METAL,

Encircle the very small flame of a lamp with a cold iron wire,
which will instantly cause its extinction.

PROOF THAT FLAME IS HOLLOW.

Pour some spirit of wine into a ‘watch-glass, and inflame it;
place a straw across this flame, ‘and it will only be ignited and
charred at the outer edge; the middle of the straw will be un-
injured, for there is no ignited matter in the centre of the flame.

Or, introduce into the middle of the flame one end of a glass
tube, when the vapour will rise through it, and may be lighted
at the other end of the tube.

CAMPHOR SUBLIMED BY FLAME.

Set a metallic plate over the flame of a spirit lamp; place
upon it a small portion of camphor under a glass funnel; and the
camphor will be beautifully sublimed by the heat of the lamp, in
an efflorescent crust on the sides of the funnel.
94 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

GREEN FIRE.

A beautiful green fire may be thus made. Take of flour of
sulphur, thirteen parts; nitrate of baryta, seventy-seven; oxy-
muriate of potassa, five; metallic arsenic, two; and charcoal,
three. Let the nitrate of baryta be well dried and powdered ;
then add to it the other ingredients, all finely pulverized, and
exceedingly well mixed and rubbed together. Place a portion of
the composition in a small tin pan, having a polished reflector
fitted to one side, and set light to it; when a splendid green illu-
mination will be the result. By adding a little calamine, it will
burn more slowly.

BRILLIANT RED FIRE.

Weigh five ounces of dry nitrate of strontia, one ounce and 4
half of finely-powdered sulphur, five drams of chlorate of potash,
and four drams of sulphuret of antimony. Powder the chlorate
of potash and the sulphuret of antimony separately in a mortar,
and mix them on paper; after which, add them to the other
ingredients, previously powdered and mixed. No other kind of
mixture than rubbing together on paper is required. For use, mix
with a portion of the powder a small quantity of spirit of wine, in
a tin pan resembling a cheese-toaster, light the mixture, and it
will shed a rich crimson hue: when the fire burns dim and badly,
a very small quantity of finely-powdered charcoal or lamp-black

will revive it.
PURPLE FIRE,

Dissolve chloride of lithium in spirit of wine ; and when lighted,
it will burn with a purplish flame.
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 95

SILVER FIRE,

Place upon a piece of burning charcoal a morsel of the dried
crystals of nitrate of silver (not the lunar caustic), and it will
immediately throw out the most beautiful sparks that can be
imagined, whilst the surface of the charcoal will be coated with
silver.

THE FIERY FOUNTAIN.

Put into a glass tumbler fifteen grains of finely granulated
zinc, and six grains of phosphorus cut into very small .pieces
beneath water. Mix in another glass, gradually, a dram of sul-
phuric acid with two drams of water. Remove both glasses into
a dark room, and there pour the diluted acid over the zine and
phosphorus in the glass: in a short time, beautiful jets of bluish
flame will dart from all parts of the surface of the mixture ; it will
become quite luminous, and beautiful luminous smoke will rise in
a column from the glass ; thus representing a fountain of fire.

THE ARTIFICIAL CONFLAGRATION.

Put into a small, narrow-necked earthen bottle, half an ounce
of muriate of ammonia, an ounce of camphor, and two ounces
of highly rectified spirit of wine; set fire to it, and the room will
seem to be in flames. This experiment should be performed in
the dark.

INFLAMMABLE POWDER.

Heat a small portion of the grey powder of aluminum, and it
will ignite, inflame, and burn with great rapidity. Or, blow a
little of this powder into the flame of a candle, and it will produce
a small shower of sparks, brilliant as those from iron filings.
96 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

COMBUSTION WITHOUT FLAME.

Light a small green wax-taper; in a minute or two, blow out
the flame, and the wick will continue red-hot for many hours; and
if the taper were regularly and carefully uncoiled, and the room
kept free from currents of air, the wick would burn on in this
manner until the whole was consumed. The same effect is not
produced when the colour of the wax is red, on which account red
wax-tapers are safer than green; for the latter, if left imperfectly
extinguished, may set fire to any object with which they are in
contact.

COMBUSTION OF THREE METALS.

Mix a grain or two of potassium with an equal quantity of
sodium ; add a globule of quicksilver, and the three metals, when
shaken, will take fire, and burn vividly.

TO MAKE PAPER INCOMBUSTIBLE.

Take a smooth cylindrical piece of metal, about one inch and
a half in diameter, and eight inches long; wrap very closely round
it a piece of clean writing paper, then hold the paper in the flame
of a spirit-lamp, and it will not take fire; but it may be held
there for a considerable time, without being in the least affected
by the flame. ;

SINGULAR EXPERIMENTS WITH GLASS TUBES.

A most remarkable phenomenon is produced in glass tubes,
under certain circumstances. When these are laid before a fire
in an horizontal position, having their extremities properly sup-
ported, they acquire a rotatory motion round their axis, and also 8
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 97

ive motion towards the fire, even when their supports are
declining from the fire, so that the tubes will move a little way
upwards to the fire. When the progressive motion of the tubes
towards the fire is stopped by any obstacle, their rotation still
‘continues. When the tubes are placed in a nearly upright
posture, leaning to the right hand, the motion will be from east
to west; but if they lean to the left hand, the motion will be
from west to east; and the nearer they are placed to the upright
posture, the less will the motion be either way. If the tube
be placed horizontally on a glass plane, the fragment, for instance,
of coach window glass, instead of moving towards the fire, it will
move from it, and about its axis in a contrary direction to what it
had done before; nay, it will recede from the fire, and move a
little upwards, when the plane inclines towards the fire. These
experiments succeed best with tubes about twenty or twenty-two
inches long, which have in each end a pretty strong pin fixed in
cork for their axis.

AQUATIC BOMB.

Drop about two grains of potassium into a saucer of cold
water. It will instantly burst into flame, with a slight explosion,
burn vividly on the surface, and dart about with great violence in
the form of a red-hot fire ball.

HEAT NOT TO BE ESTIMATED BY TOUCH.

Hold both hands in water-which causes the thermometer to rise
to ninety degrees, and when the liquid has become still, you will
be insensible of the heat, and that the hand is touching anything.
Then remove one hand to water that causes the thermometer to
rise to 200 degrees, and the other in water at thirty-two degrees.

H
98 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

After holding the hands thus for some time, remove them, and
again immerse them in the water at ninety degrees; when you
will feel warmth in one hand and cold in the other. To the
hand which had been immersed in the water at thirty-two degrees,
the water at ninety degrees will feel hot; and to the hand which
had been immersed in the water at 200 degrees, the water at
ninety degrees will feel cold. If, therefore, the touch in this case
be trusted, the same water will be judged to be hot and cold at
the same time.

FLAME UPON WATER.

Fill a wine-glass with cold water, pour lightly upon its surface
a little ether; light it by a slip of paper, and it will burn for
some time.

ROSE-COLOURED FLAME ON WATER,

Drop a globule of potassium, about the size of a large pea,
into a small cup nearly full of water, containing a drop or two of
strong nitric acid; the moment that the metal touches the liquid,
it will float upon its surface, enveloped with a beautiful rose-
coloured flame, and entirely dissolve.

TO SET A MIXTURE ON FIRE WITH WATER.

Pour into a saucer a little sulphuric acid, and place upon it a
chip of sodium, which will float and remain uninflamed ; but the
addition of a drop of water will set it on fire.

WAVES OF FIRE ON WATER.

On a lump of refined sugar let fall a few drops of phos-
phuretted ether, and put the sugar into a glass of warm water,
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR, 99

which will instantly appear on fire at the surface, and in
waves, if gently blown with the breath. This experiment should
be exhibited in the dark.

EXPLOSION IN WATER,

Throw very small pieces of phosphuret of potassium into a
basin of water, and they will produce separate explosions. The
same substance will also burn with great brilliancy when ex-
posed to air.

WATER FROM THE FLAME OF A CANDLE.

Hold a cold and dry bell-glass over a lighted candle, and
watery vapour will be directly condensed on the cold surface; then
close the mouth of the glass with a card or plate, and turn the
mouth uppermost; remove the card, quickly pour in a little lime-
water, a perfectly clear liquid, and it will instantly become turbid
and milky, upon meeting with the contents of the glass, just as
lime-water changes when dropped into a glass full of water.

FORMATION OF WATER BY FIRE.

Put into a tea-cup a little spirit of wine, set it on fire, and invert
a large bell-glass over it. In a short time, a thick watery vapour
will be seen upon the inside of the bell, which may be collected by
a dry sponge.

BOILING UPON COLD WATER,

Provide a tall glass jar, filled with cold water, and place in it
an air thermometer, which will nearly reach the surface; upon the
surface place a small copper basin, into which put a little live
charcoal: the surface of the water will soon be made to boil,

H2
100 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. =e

while the thermometer will shew that the water beneath is scarcely
warmer than it was at first.

CURRENTS IN BOILING WATER.

Fill a large glass tube with water, and throw into it a few
particles of bruised amber; then hold the tube, by a handle for the
purpose, upright in the flame of a lamp, and, as the water becomes
warm, it will be seen that currents, carrying with them the pieces
of amber, will begin to ascend in the centre, and to descend
towards the circumference of the tube. These currents will soon
become rapid in their motions, and continue till the water boils.

HOT WATER LIGHTER ‘THAN COLD.

Pour into a glass tube, about ten inches long, and one inch in
diameter, a little water coloured with pink or other dye; then fill
it up gradually and carefully with colourless water, so as not to
mix them: apply heat at the bottom of the tube, and the coloured
water will ascend and be diffused throughout the whole.

The circulation of warm water may be very pleasingly shewn,
by heating water in a tube similar to the foregoing; the water
having diffused in it some particles of amber, or other light substance
not soluble in water.

EXPANSION OF WATER BY COLD.

All fluids, except water, diminish in bulk till they freeze. Thus,
fill a large thermometer tube with water, say of the temperature of
eighty degrees, and then plunge the bulb into pounded ice and salt,
or any other freezing mixture : the water will go on shrinking in the
tube till it has attained the temperature of about forty degrees; and
then, instead of continuing to contract till it freezes (as is the case
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 101

with all other liquids), it will be seen slowly to expand and conse-
quently to rise in the tube until it congeals. In this case, the
expansion below forty degrees, and above forty degrees, seems to
be equal ; so that the water will be of the same bulk at thirty-two
degrees as at forty-eight degrees, that is, at eight degrees above or
below forty degrees.

THE CUP OF TANTALUS.

This pretty toy may be purchased at any optician’s for two or
three shillings. It consists of a cup, in which is placed a standing
human figure, concealing a syphon, or bent tube, with one end
longer than the other. This rises in one leg of the figure to reach
the chin, and descends through the other leg through the bottom of
the cup to a reservoir beneath. If you pour water in the cup,
it will rise in the shorter leg by its upward pressure, driving out
the air before it through the longer leg; and when the cup is
filled above the bend of the syphon (that is, level with the chin of
the figure), the ‘pressure of the water will force it over into the
longer leg of the syphon, and the cup ‘will be emptied: the toy
thus imitating Tantalus of mythology, who is represented by the
poets as punished i in Erebus with an insatiable thirst, and placed
up to the chin in a pool of water, which, however, flowed away
as soon as he attempted to taste it.

IMITATIVE DIVING BELL.

Nearly fill a basin with water, and put upon its surface a floating
lighted wick or taper ; over this place a glass goblet, mouth down-
wards, and push it into the water, which will be kept out, whilst
the wick will continue to float and burn under the goblet; thus
imitating the living inmate of a diving bell, which is merely a
larger goblet, with a man instead of a candle within it.
102 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

THE WATER-PROOF SIEVE.

Filla very fine wire-gauze sieve with water, and it will not run
through the interstices, but be retained among them by capillary
attraction.

MORE THAN FULL.

Fill a glass to the brim with water, and you may add to it
spirit of wine without causing the water to overflow, as the spirit
will enter into the pores of the water.

TO CAUSE WINE AND WATER TO CHANGE PLACES,

Fill a small narrow-necked bulb with port wine, or with water
and coloured spirit of wine, and put the bulb into a tall, narrow
glass jar, which is then to be filled up with cold water: imme-
diately, the coloured fluid will issue from the bulb, and accumulate
on the surface of the water in the jar, while colourless water will
be seen accumulating at the bottom of the bulb. By close inspee-
tion, the descending current of the water may also be observed, and
the coloured and the colourless liquids be seen to pass each other in
the narrow neck of the bulb without mixing. The whole of the
coloured fluid will shortly have ascended, and the bulb will be
entirely filled with clear water.

PYRAMID OF ALUM.

Put a lump of alum into a tumbler of water, and, as the alum
dissolves, it will assume the shape of a pyramid. The cause of
the alum decreasing in this peculiar form is briefly as follows: at
first, the water dissolves the alum very fast, but as the alum
becomes united with the water, the solvent power of the latter
diminishes. The water, which combines first with the alum, be-
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 103

comes heavier by the union, and falls to the bottom of the glass,
where it ceases to dissolve any more, although the water which it
has displaced from the bottom has risen to the top of the glass,
and is there acting upon the alum. When the solution has nearly
terminated, if you closely examine the lump, you will find it
covered with geometrical figures, cut out, as it were, in relief,
upon the mass ; shewing, not only that the cohesion of the atoms
of the alum resists the power of solution in the water, but that,
in the present instance, it resists it more in some directions than
in others. Indeed, this experiment beautifully illustrates the
opposite action of cohesion and repulsion.

VISIBLE VIBRATION,

Provide a glass goblet about two-thirds filled with coloured
water, —_ a fiddle-bow against its edge, and the surface of the
water will exhibit a pleasing figure, composed of fans,
four, six, or eight in number, dependant on the di-
mensions of the vessel, but chiefly on the pitch of
the note produced.

Or, nearly filla glass with water, draw the bow
strongly against its edge, the water will be elevated
and depressed ; and, when the vibration has ceased,
and the surface of the water has become tranquil,

these elevations will be exhibited in the form of a curved line,

passing round the interior surface of the glass, and above the sur-
face of the water. If the action of the bow be strong, the water
will be sprinkled on the inside of the glass, above the liquid surface,
and this sprinkling will shew the curved line very perfectly, as in
' the engraving. The water should be carefully poured, so that the
glass above the liquid be preserved dry ; the portion of the glass


104 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

between the edge and the curved line, will then be seen partially
sprinkled ; but, between the level of the water and the curved
line, it will have become wholly wetted, thereby indicating the
height to which the fluid has been thrown.

CHARCOAL IN SUGAR.

The elements of sugar are carbon and water, as may be proved
by the following experiment: Put into a glass a table-spoonful of
powdered sugar, and mix it into a thin paste with a little water,
and rather more than its bulk of sulphuric acid; stir the mixture
together, the sugar will soon blacken, froth up, and shoot like a
cauliflower out of the glass: and, during the separation of the
charcoal, a large quantity of steam will also be evolved.

FLOATING NEEDLES.

Fill a cup with water, gently lay on its surface small fine
needles, and they will float.

WATER IN A SLING.

Half fill a mug with water, place it in a sling, and you may
whirl it round you without spilling a drop; for the water tends
more away from the centre of motion towards the bottom of the
mug, than towards’the earth by gravity.

ATTRACTION IN A GLASS OF WATER.

Pour water info a glass tumbler, perfectly dry, and it may be
raised above the edge, in a convex form; because the particles of
the water have more attraction for each other than for the dry
glass: wet the edge, and they will be instantly attracted, and
overflow, and the water will sink into a concave form.
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 105

TO PREVENT CORK FLOATING IN WATER.

Place at the bottom of a vessel of water, a piece of cork, so
smoothly cut that no water gets between its lower surface and the
surface of the bottom, when it will not rise, but remain fixed there,
because it is pressed downward by the water from above, and there
is no pressure from below to counter-balance it.

INSTANTANEOUS FREEZING.

During frosty weather, let a vessel be half filled with water,
cover it closely, and place it in the open air, in a situation where
it will not experience any commotion; it will thereby frequently
acquire a degree of cold more intense than that of ice, without
being frozen. If the vessel, however, be agitated ever so little,
or receive even a slight blow, the water will immediately freeze
with singular rapidity. The cause of this phenomenon is, that
water does not congeal unless its particles unite together, and
assume among themselves a new arrangement. The colder the
water becomes, the nearer its particles approach each other; and
the fluid which keeps it in fusion gradually escapes; but the
shaking of the vessel destroys the equilibrium, and the particles
fall one upon another, uniting in a mass of ice.

Or, provide glass full of cold water, and let fall on its surface
afew drops of sulphuret of carbon, which will instantly become
covered with icy network: feathery branches will then dart from
the sulphuret, the whole contents of the glass will become solidi-
fied, and the globules will exhibit all the colours of the rainbow.

TO FREEZE WATER WITH ETHER.

Fill a very thin glass tube with water. Close it at one end,
and wrap muslin round it: then frequently immerse the tube in
106 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

strong ether, allowing what the muslin soaks each time to eva-
porate, and in a short time the water will be frozen.

PRODUCTION OF NITRE.

Dip into the above solution a piece of paper: if its colour be
changed to brown, a drop or two more acid must be cautiously
applied : if, on the contrary, it reddens litmus paper, a small glo-
bule or two of potassium will be required; the object being to
obtain a neutral solution: if it then be carefully evaporated to
about half its bulk, and set aside, beautiful crystals will begin
to form, which will be those of the nitrate of potash, commonly
called nitre, or saltpetre.

CURIOUS TRANSPOSITION.

Take a glass of jelly, and placeit, mouth downwards, just under
the surface of warm water in a basin: the jelly will soon be
dissolved by the heat, and, being heavier than the water, it will
sink, while the glass will be filled with water in its stead.

ANIMAL BAROMETER,

Keep one or two leeches in a glass bottle nearly filled with
water; tie the mouth over with coarse linen, and change the
water every two or three days. The leech may then serve for a
barometer, as it will invariably ascend or descend in the water as
the weather changes from dry to wet; and it will generally come
to the surface prior to a thunder-storm.

MAGIC SOAP.

Pour into a phial a small quantity of oil, with the same of
water, and, however violently you shake them, they cannot be
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 107

mixed, for the water and oil have no affinity for each other; but,
if a little ammonia be added, and the phial be then shaken, the
whole will be mixed into a liquid soap.

EQUAL PRESSURE OF WATER.

Tie up in a bladder of water, an egg and a piece of very soft
wax, and place it in a box, so as to touch its sides and bottom ;
then, lay loosely upon the bladder a brass or other metal plate,
upon which place a hundred pounds weight, or more; when the
egg and the wax, though pressed by the water with all its weight,
being equally pressed in all directions, will not be in the least
either crushed or altered in shape.

TO EMPTY A GLASS UNDER WATER.

Fill a wine-glass with water, place over its mouth a card, so
as to prevent the water from escaping, and put the glass, mouth
downwards, into a basin of water. Next, remove the card, and
raise the glass partly above the surface, but keep its mouth below
the surface, so that the glass still remains completely filled with
water. Then insert one end of a quill or reed in the water below
the mouth of the glass, and blow gently at the other end, when air
will ascend in bubbles to the highest part of the glass, and expel
the water from it; and, if you continue to blow through the quill,
all the water will be emptied from the glass, which will be filled
with air.

TO EMPTY A GLASS OF WATER WITHOUT TOUCHING IT.

Hang over the edge of the glass a thick skein of cotton, and
the water will slowly be decreased till the glass is empty. A towel
will empty a basin of water in the same way.
108 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

DECOMPOSITION OF WATER.

The readiest means of decomposing water is as follows: Take a
gun-barrel, the breech of which has been removed, and fill it with
iron wire, coiled up. Placeit across a chafing-dish filled with
lighted charcoal, and connect to one end of the barrel a small glass
retort containing some water; and, to the other, a bent tube, open-
ing under the shelf of a water bath. Heat the barrel red hot, and
apply a lamp under the retort: the stream of water, in passing
over the red-hot iron of the barrel, will be decomposed, the oxygen
will unite with the iron, and the hydrogen may be collected in the
form of gas at the end of the tube over the water.

WATER HEAVIER THAN WINE.

Let a tumbler be half-filled with water, and fit upon its surface
a piece of white paper, upon which pour wine; then carefully
draw out the paper, say with a knitting-needle, so as to disturb the
liquids as little as possible, and the water, being the heavier, will
continue at the lower part of the glass; whilst the wine, being the
lighter, will keep above it. But, if a glass be first half-filled with
wine, and water be poured over it, it will at once sink through the
wine, and both liquids will be mixed.

TO INFLATE A BLADDER WITHOUT AIR.

Put a tea-spoonful of ether into a moistened bladder, the neck
of which tie up tightly; pour hot water upon the bladder, and the
ether, by expanding, will fill it out.

AIR AND WATER BALLOON.

Procure a small hollow glass vessel, the shape of a balloon,
the lower part of which is open, and place it in water, with the
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 109

mouth downwards, so that the air within prevents the water filling
it. Then fill a deep glass jar nearly to the top with water, and
place the balloon to float on its surface; tie over the jar with
bladder, so as to confine the air between it and the surface of the
water. Press the hand on the bladder, when more water will enter
the balloon, and it will soon sink to the bottom of the jar; but,
on removing your hand, the balloon will again ascend slowly to the
surface.

HEATED AIR BALLOON.

Make a balloon, by pasting together gores of bank post
paper; paste the lower ends round a slender hoop, from which
proceed several wires, terminating in a kind of basket, sufficiently
strong to support a sponge dipped in spirit of wine. When the
spirit is set on fire, its combustion will produce a much greater
degree of heat than any ordinary flame; and, by thus rarefying
the air within the balloon, will enable it to rise with great rapidity,
to a considerable height.

THE PNEUMATIC TINDER-BOX.

Provide a small stout brass tube, about six inches long, and
half an inch in diameter, closed at one end, and fitted with a
hollow air-tight piston, containing in its cavity a scrap of amadon,
or German tinder. Suddenly drive the piston into the tube by a
strong jerk of the hands; and the compression of the air in the
tube will give out so much heat as to light the tinder; and upon
quickly drawing out the piston, the glowing tinder will kindle a
match.

THE BACCHUS EXPERIMENT.

This experiment, shewing the elasticity of air, is performed
with a pleasing toy. It represents a figure of Bacchus sitting
110 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

across a cask, in which are two separate compartments, Put into
one of them a portion of wine or coloured liquid, and place the
apparatus under the exhausted receiver of an air-pump, when the
elastic force of the confined air will cause the liquid to ascend a
transparent glass tube (fitted on purpose), into the mouth of the
Bacchanalian figure. To render the experiment more striking, a
bladder, with a small quantity of air therein, is fastened around
the figure, and covered with a loose silken robe, when the air in
the bladder will expand, and produce an apparent increase in the
bulk of the figure, as if occasioned by the excess of liquor drunk.

THE MYSTERIOUS CIRCLES.

Cut from a card two disks or circular pieces, about two inches
in diameter; in the centre of one of them make a hole, into which
put the tube of a common quill, one end being even with the sur-
face of the card. Make the other piece of card a little convex, and
lay its centre over the end of the quill, with the concave side of
the card downward ; the centre of the upper card being from one-
eighth to one-fourth of an inch above the end of the quill. Attempt
to blow off the upper card by blowing through the quill, and é
will be found impossible.

If, however, the edges of the two pieces of card be made to
fit each other very accurately, the upper card will be moved, and
sometimes it will be thrown off; but, when the edges of the card
are on two sides sufficiently far apart to permit the air to escape,
the loose card will retain its position, even when the current of air
sent against it be strong. The experiment will succeed equally
well, whether the current of air be made from the mouth or from
a pair of bellows When the quill fits the card rather loosely, a
comparatively light puff of air will throw both cards three or four
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 111

feet in height. When, from the humidity of the breath, the upper
surface of the perforated card has a little expanded, and the two
opposite sides are somewhat depressed, these depressed sides may
be distinctly seen to rise and approach the upper card, directly in
proportion to the force of the current of air.

Another fact to be shewn with this simple apparatus, appears
equally inexplicable with the former. Lay the loose card upon the
hand with the concave side up; blow forcibly through the tube,
and, at the same time, bring the two cards towards each other,
when, within three-eighths of an inch, if the current of air be
strong, the loose card will suddenly rise and adhere to the per-
forated card. If the card through which the tube passes have
several holes made in it, the loose card may be instantly thrown
off by a slight puff of air.

For the explanation of the above phenomenon, a gold medal
and one hundred guineas were offered, some years since, by the
Royal Society. Such explanation has been given by Dr. Robert
Hare, of the United States of America, and is as follows :

Supposing the diameter of the disks of card to be to that of
the hole as 8 to 1, the area of the former to the latter must be as
64'to 1. Hence, if the disks were to be separated (their surfaces
remaining parallel), with a velocity as great as that of the air blast,
a column of air must meanwhile be interposed, sixty-four times
greater than that which would escape from the tube during the
interim; consequently, if all the air necessary to preserve the
balance be supplied from the tube, the disks must be separated
with a velocity as much less than that of the blast, as the column
required between them is greater than that yielded by the tube;
and yet the air cannot be supplied from any other source, unless a
112 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

deficit of pressure be created between the disks, unfavourable to
their separation.

It follows, then, that, under the circumstances in question, the
disks cannot be made to move asunder with a velocity greater
than one-sixty-fourth of that of the blast. Of course, all the force
of the current of air through the tube will be expended on the
moveable disk, and the thin ring of air which exists around the
orifice between the disks: and, since the moveable disk can only
move with one-sixty-fourth of the velocity of the blast, the ring of
air in the interstice must experience nearly all the force of the jet,
and must be driven outwards, the blast following it in various
currents, radiating from the common centre of the tube and disks.

PRINCE RUPERT'S DROPS.

Let fall melted glass into cold water, and it will become sud-
denly cooled and solidified on the outside before the internal part
is changed ; then, as this part hardens, it is kept extended by the
arch of the outside crust: and, if the finely drawn-out point of
the drop be broken off, the cohesion of the atoms of the glass is
destroyed, and the whole crumbles to dust with a smart explosion.

VEGETABLE HYGROMETER.

The dampness of the air, and the consequent approach of rain,
is denoted by several simple means, which are termed hygrometers.
Thus, if an ear of the wild oat be hung up, its awn or bristly
points will be contracted by a rotatory motion in damp air, and
relaxed by a contrary motion when the air is dry. Similar effects
are observable on all cordage, string, and every description of
twisted material; as the moisture swells the threads, and increases
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 113

‘ their diameter, but reduces their length: hence, catgut is used in
the construction of a weather-house, in which the man and woman
foretel wet or dry weather, by moving as the catgut stretches or
contracts, according as the air is moist or dry.

To prove the moving power of the awn, separate one from the
ear, and, holding the base between the finger and thumb, moisten

the awn with the lips, when it will be seen to turn round for some
time.

THE PNEUMATIC DANCER.

This amusing pneumatic toy consists of a figure made of glass,
or enamel, and so constructed as to remain suspended in a glass
jar of water. An air-bubble, communicating with
the water, is placed in some part of the figure, shewn
at m, near the top of the jar, A, in the engraving.
At the bottom, B, of the vessel is a bladder, which
can be pressed upwards by applying the finger to
the extremity of a lever, e 0, when the pressure will
be communicated through the water to the bubble of
air, which is thus compressed. The figure will then
sink tothe bottom; but, by removing the pressure,
the figure will again rise, so that it may be made to
dance in the vessel, as if by magic. Fishes, made of
glass, are sometimes substituted for the human figure.
A common glass jar may be used for this experiment,
in which case the pressure should be applied
to the upper surface, which should be a piece
of bladder, instead of being placed at the bottom,
as shewn in the figure engraved.














114 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

THE ASCENDING SNAKE.

To construct this pretty little pneumatic toy, take a square
piece of stiff card, or sheet copper or brass, about two and a half
Fig.2 Fig-l. or three inches in diameter, and cut it out

spirally, so as to resemble a snake, as in

the engraving (fig. 1). Then paint the body

on each side of the card the colours of a

snake ; take it by the two ends, and draw

out the spiral till the distance from head

f to tail is six or seven inches, as in fig. 2. Next, provide a

slender piece of wood on a stand, and fix a sharp needle

at its summit; push the rod up through the spiral, and

| let the end of the spiral rest upon the summit of the

needle. Now place the apparatus as nearly as possible to the edge

of the mantel-shelf above the fire, and the snake will begin to

revolve in the direction of its head; and, if the fire be strong,

or the current of heated air which ascends from it is made

powerful, by two or three (persons coming near it, so as to

concentrate the current, the snake will revolve very rapidly. The

rod a, b, should be painted, so as to resemble a tree, which the

snake will appear to climb; or, the snake may be suspended by

a thread from the ceiling, over the current of air ‘from a lamp.

Two snakes may be made to turn round in opposite directions, by

merely drawing out the spiral of one from the upper side, and of

the other from the under side of the figure, and fixing them, of
course, on separate rods.

THE PNEUMATIC PHIAL.

Provide a phial one-fourth filled with any coloured water, and
with a glass tube passing through the cork, or cemented into the
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 115

neck of the phial, so as to be air-tight; the tube may reach to
within a quarter of an inch of the bottom of the phial, so as to
dip below the surface of the liquid. Hold this little instrument
before the fire, or plunge it into hot water, when the air that is in
the phial will expand, and force up the coloured liquor into the
tube.

RESIN BUBBLES.

Dip the bowl of a tobacco-pipe into melted resin, hold the pipe
in a vertical position, and blow through it; when bubbles of
various sizes will be formed, of a brilliant silvery hue, and in a
variety of colours.

MOISTURE OF THE ATMOSPHERE,

Moisture is always present in the air, even when it is driest.
To prove this, press a piece of sheet copper into the form of a
cup; place on it a piece of phosphorus, thoroughly dried between
blotting-paper; put the cup on a dry plate, and beside it a small
piece of quick lime ; turn over it a glass tumbler, and leave ‘it for
ten minutes, that the lime may remove all moisture from the in-
cluded air; take off the tumbler, touch the phosphorus with a hot
wire, and instantly replace the glass; when a dry solid will be
formed, resembling snow. As soon as the flame is extinct, ex-
amine the plate ; when the solid will, in a very short time, attract
so much water from the air, that it will pass into small drops
of liquid.

CLIMATES OF A ROOM,

The air in a room may be said to resemble two climates: as it
is lighter than the external air, a current of colder or heavier air
is continually pouring in from the crevices of the windows and

12
116 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

doors; and the light air must find some vent, to make way for the
heavy air. If the door be set a-jar, and a candle held near the
upper part of it, the flame will be blown outwards, shewing that
there is a current of air flowing out from the upper part of the
room ; and, if the candle be placed on the floor, close by the door,
the flame will bend inwards, shewing that there is also a current
of air setting into the lower part of the room. The upper current
is the warm, light air, which is driven out to make way for the
stream of cold, dense air, which enters below.

BUBBLES IN CHAMPAGNE,

Pour out a glass of champagne, or bottled ale, and wait till
the effervescence has ceased ; you may then renew it by throwing
into the liquor a bit of paper, a crumb of bread, or even by
violently shaking the glass. The bubbles of carbonic acid chiefly
rise from where the liquor is in contact with the glass, and is in
greatest abundance at those parts where there are asperities. The
bubbles setting out from the surface of the glass are at first very
small; but they enlarge in passing through the liquor. It seems
as if they proceeded more abundantly from the bottom of the glass
than from its sides ; but this is an ocular deception.

PROOFS THAT AIR IS A HEAVY FLUID.

Expel the air out of a pair of bellows, then close the nozzle
and valve-hole beneath, and considerable force will be requisite
to separate the boards from each other. This is caused by the
pressure or weight of the atmosphere, which, acting equally upon
the upper and lower boards externally, without any air inside,
operates like a dead weight in keeping the boards together. In
like manner, if you stop the end of a syringe, after its piston-rod
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 117

has been pressed down to the bottom, and then attempt to draw it
up again, considerable force will be requisite to raise it, depending
upon the size of the syringe, being about fourteen or fifteen
pounds to every square inch of the piston rod. When the rod is
drawn up, unless it be held, it will fall to the bottom, from the
weight of the air pressing it in.

Or, fill a glass tumbler to the brim with water, cover it with a
piece of thin wet leather, invert it on a table, and try to pull it
straight up, when it will be found to require considerable force.
In this manner do snails, periwinkles, limpets, and other shells,
adhere to rocks, &. Flies are enabled to walk on the ceiling of
a room, up a looking-glass, or window-pane, by the air pressing
on the outside of their peculiarly constructed feet, and thus sup-
porting them.

To the same cause must be attributed the firmness with which
the oyster closes itself; for, if you grind off a part of the shell,
so as to make a hole in it, though without at all injuring the fish,
it may be opened with great ease.

TO SUPPORT A PEA ON AIR.

This experiment may be dexterously performed by placing a
pea upon a quill, or the stem of a tobacco-pipe, and blowing
upwards through it.

PYROPHORUS, OR AIR-TINDER.

Mix three parts of alum with one of wheat flour, and put them
into‘'a common phial; set it in a crucible, upto the neck in
sand; then surround the crucible with red-hot coals, when first a
‘black smoke, and next a blue sulphureous flame, will issue from
118 FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

the mouth of the phial; when this flame disappears, remove the
crucible from the fire, and, when cold, stop the phial with a good
cork. If portion of this powder be exposed to the air, it will
take fire.

Or, a very perfect and beautiful pyrophorus may be obtained
by heating tartrate of lead in a glass tube, over a lamp. When
some of the dark brown mass thus formed is shaken out in the air,
it will immediately inflame, and brilliant globules of lead cover
the ignited surface.

Or, mix three parts of lamp-black, four of burnt alum, in
powder, and eight of pearl-ash, and heat them for an hour, to a
bright cherry red, in an iron tube. When well made, and poured
out upon a glass plate or tile, this pyrophorus will kindle, with
a series of small explosions, somewhat like those produced by
throwing potassium upon water ; but this effect should be witnessed
from a distance.

Put a small piece of grey cast-iron into strong nitric acid,
when a porous, spongy substance will be left untouched, and will
be of a dark grey colour, resembling plumbago. If some of
this be put upon blotting paper, in the course of a minute it will
spontaneously heat and smoke ; and, if a considerable quantity be
heaped together, it will ignite and scorch the paper; nor will the
properties of this pyrophorus be destroyed by its being left for
days and weeks in water.

BEAUTY OF A SOAP BUBBLE.

Blow a soap bubble, cover it with a clean glass to protect it
from the air, and you may observe, after it has grown thin by
standing a little, several rings of different colours within each
FIRE, WATER, AND AIR. 119

other round the top of it. The colour in the centre of the rings
will vary with the thickness; but, as the bubble grows thinner, the
rings will spread, the central spot will become white, then bluish,
and ‘hen black; after which the bubble will burst, from its extreme
tenuiiy at the black spot, where’ the thickness has been proved
not to exceed the 2,500,000th part of an inch.

WHY A GUINEA FALLS MORE QUICKLY THAN A FEATHER
THROUGH THE AIR.

The resistance of the air to falling bodies is not proportioned
to the weight, but depends on the surface which the body opposes
to the air. Now, the feather exposes, in propor-
tion to its weight, amuch greater surface to the
air than a piece of gold does, and therefore suffers
a much greater resistance to its descent. Were
the guinea beaten to the thinness of gold-leaf, it
would be as long or even longer in falling than the
feather; but, let both fall in a vacuum, or under
the receiver of an air-pump, from which the air
has been pumped out, and they will both reach
the bottom at the same time; for gravity, acting
independently of other forces, causes all bodies to
descend with the same velocity.

An apparatus for performing this experiment is
shewn in the engraving: the coin and the feather
are to be laid together on the brass flap, A or B;
this may be let down by turning the wire,(C, which passes through
a collar of leather, D, placed in the head of the receiver.


120 -FIRE, WATER, AND AIR.

SOLIDITY OF AIR.

Provide a glass tube, open at each end; close the upper end
by the finger, and immerse the lower one in a glass of water,
when it will be seen that the air is material, and occupies it own
space in the tube, for it will not permit the water to enter it
until the finger is removed, when the air will escape, and the

water rise to the same level in the inside as on the outside of
the tube.

BREATHING AND SMELLING.

Hold the breath, and place the open neck of a phial, containing
oil of peppermint, or any other essential oil, in the mouwh, and
the smell will not be perceived; but, after expiration, it will be
easily recognised.





SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

HE chief requisites for success in the performance
of feats of Legerdemain are manual dexterity
and self-possession. The former can only be

4, acquired by practice; the latter will be the

X) natural result of a well-grounded confidence,

We subjoin a few preliminary hints, of consider-
able importance to the amateur exhibitor.



1. Never acquaint the company before-hand with} the particu-
lars of the feat you are about to perform, as it will give them time
to discover your mode of operation.

2. Endeavour, as much as possible, to acquire various methods
of performing the same feat, in order that, if you should be likely
to fail in one, or have reason to believe that your operations are
suspected, you may be prepared with another.
124 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

3. Never yield to the request of any one to repeat the same
feat, as you thereby hazard the detection of your mode of opera-
tion ; but do not absolutely refuse, as that would appear ungracious. -
Promise to perform it in a different way, and then exhibit another
which somewhat resembles it. This mancuvre seldom fails to
answer the purpose.

4. Never venture on a feat requiring manual dexterity, till you
have previously practised it, so often as_to acquire the necessary
expertness.

5. As diverting the attention of the company from too closely
inspecting your manceuvres is a most important object, you should
manage to talk to them during the whole course of your pro-
ceedings. It is the plan of vulgar operators to gabble unintelligible
jargon, and attribute their feats to some extraordinary and mys-
terious influence. There are few persons at the present day
credulous enough to believe such trash, even among the rustic
and most ignorant; but as the youth of maturer ‘years might
inadvertently be tempted to pursue this method, while exhibiting
his skill before his younger companions, it may not be deemed
superfluous to offer a caution against such a procedure. He may
state, and truly, that everything he exhibits can be accounted
for on rational principles, and is only in obedience to the unerring
laws of Nature; and although we have just cautioned him against
enabling the company themselves to detect his operations, there
can be no objection (particularly when the party comprises many
younger than himself) to occasionally shew by what simple means
the most apparently marvellous feats are accomplished.
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 125

THE RING AND THE HANDKERCHIEF.

This may be justly considered one of the most surprising
deceptions ; and yet it is so easy of performance, that any one may
accomplish it after a few minutes’ practice,

You previously provide yourself with a piece of brass wire,
pointed at both ends, and bent round so as to form a ring, about
the size of a wedding-ring. This you conceal in your hand. You
then commence your performance by borrowing a silk pocket
handkerchief from a gentleman, and a wedding-ring from a lady ;
and you request one person to hold two of the corners of the hand-
kerchief, and another to hold the other two, and to keep them at
full stretch. You next exhibit the wedding-ring to the company,
and announce that you will make it pass through the handkerchief.
You then place your hand under the handkerchief, and substituting
the false ring, which you had previously concealed, press it against
the centre of the handkerchief, and desire a third person to take
hold of the ring through the handkerchief, and to close his finger
and thumb through the hollow of the ring. The handkerchief is

- held in this manner for the purpose of shewing that the ring has not
been placed within a fold. You now desire the persons holding
the corners of the handkerchief to let them drop; the person hold-
ing the ring (through the handkerchief as already described) still
retaining his hold.

Let another person now grasp the handkerchief as tight as he:
pleases, three or four inches below the ring, and tell the person
holding the ring to let it go, when it will be quite evident to the
company that the ring is secure within the centre of the handker-
chief. You then tell the person who grasps the handkerchief to
hold a hat over it, and passing your hand underneath, you open the
false ring, by bending one of its points a little aside, and bringing ,
126 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

one point gently through the handkerchief, you easily draw out the
remainder; being careful to rub the hole you have made in the
handkerchief with your finger and thumb, to conceal the fracture.
You then put the wedding-ring you borrowed over the outside
of the middle of the handkerchief, and desiring the person who
holds the hat, to take it away, you exhibit the ring (placed as
described) to the company; taking an opportunity, while their
attention is engaged, to conceal or get rid of the brass ring.

THE KNOTTED HANDKERCHIEF.

This feat consists in tying a number of hard knots in a pocket-
handkerchief borrowed from one of the company, then letting any
person hold the knots, and by the operator merely shaking the
handkerchief, all the knots become unloosed, and the handkerchief
is restored to its original state.

To perform this excellent trick, get as soft a handkerchief as
possible, and taking the opposite ends, one in each hand, throw the
right hand over the left, and draw it through, as if you were going
to tie a knot in the usual way. Again throw the right-hand end
over the left, and give the left-hand end to some person to pull,
you at the same time pulling the right-hand end, with your right
hand, while your left hand holds the handkerchief just behind the
knot. Press the thumb of your left hand against the knot to pre-
vent its slipping, always taking care to let the person to whom you
gave one end pull first, so that, in fact, he is only pulling against
your left hand.

You now tie another knot exactly in the same way as the first,
taking care always to throw the right hand end over the left. As
you go on tying the knots, you will find the right-hand end of the
handkerchief decreasing considerably in length, while the left-hand
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 127

one remains neatly as long as at first; because, in fact, you are
merely tying the right-hand end round the left. To prevent this
from being noticed, you should stoop down a little after each knot,
and pretend to pull the knots tighter; while, at the same time,
you press the thumb of the right hand against the knot, and with
the fingers and palm of the same hand, draw the handkerchief, so
as to} make the left-hand end shorter, keeping it at each knot as
nearly the length of the right-hand end as possible.

When you have tied as many knots as the handkerchief will
admit of, hand them round for the company to feel that they are
firm knots; then hold the handkerchief in your right hand, just
below the knots, and with the left hand turn the loose part of the
centre of the handkerchief over them, desiring some person to hold
them. Before they take the handkerchief in hand, you draw out
the right-hand end of the handkerchief, which you have in the
right hand, and which you may easily do, and the knots being still
held together by the loose part ‘of the handkerchief, the. person
who holds the handkerchief will declare he feels them: you then
take hold of one of the ends of the handkerchief which hangs
down, and desire him to repeat after you, one—two—three,—
then tell him to let go, when, by giving the handkerchief a smart
shake, the whole of the knots will become unloosed.

Should you, by accident, whilst tying the knots, give the
wrong end to be pulled, a hard knot will be the consequence, and
you will know when this has happened the instant you try to
draw the left-hand end of the handkerchief shorter. You must,
therefore, turn this mistake to the best advantage, by asking any
one of the company to see how long it will take him to untie one
knot, you counting the seconds. When he has untied the knot,
your other knots will remain right as they were before. Having
finished tying the knots, let the same person hold them, and tell
128 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

him that, as he took two minutes to untie one knot, he ought to
allow you fourteen minutes to untie the seven; but as you do not
wish to take any advantage, you will be satisfied with fourteen
seconds.

You may excite some laughter during the performance of this
trick, by desiring those who pull the knots along with you, to pull
as hard as they please, and not to beafraid, as the handkerchief
is not yours; you may likewise "go to the owner of the handker-
chief, and desire him to assist you in pulling a knot, saying, that if
the handkerchief is to be torn, it is only right that he should have
a share of it; you may likewise say that he does not pull very hard,
which will cause a laugh against him.

THE INVISIBLE SPRINGS.

Take two pieces of white cotton cord, precisely alike in length ;
double each of them separately, so that their ends meet; then tie
them together very neatly, with a bit of fine cotton thread, at
the part where they double (i. e. the middle). This must all be
done beforehand.

When you are about to exhibit the trick, hand round two
other pieces of cord, exactly similar in length and appearance
to those which you have prepared, but not tied, and desire your
company to examine them, You then return to your table,
placing these cords at the edge, so that they fall (apparently acci-
dentally) to the ground, behind the table; stoop to pick them up,
but take up the prepared ones instead, which you have previously
placed there, and lay them on the table.

Having proceeded thus far, you take round for examination
three ivory rings; those given to children when teething, and
which may be bought at any of the toyshops, are the best for your
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 129

purpose. When the rings have undergone a sufficient scrutiny,
pass the prepared double cords through them, and give the two
ends of one cord to one person to hold, and the two ends of the
other to another. Do not let them pull hard, or the thread will
break, and your trick be discovered. Request the two persons to
approach each other, and desire each to give you one end of the
cord which he holds, leaving to him the choice. You then say,
that, to make all fast, you will tie these two ends together, which
you do, bringing the knot down so as to touch the rings; and
returning to each person the end of the cord next to him, you state
that this trick is performed by the rule of contrary, and that when
you desire them to pull hard, they are to slacken, and vice versd,
which is likely to create much laughter, as they are certain of
making many mistakes at first.

During this time, you are holding the rings on the fore-finger
of each hand, and with the other fingers preventing your assistants
from separating the cords prematurely, during their mistakes ; you
at length desire them, in a loud voice, to slacken, when they will
pull hard, which will break the thread, the rings remaining in your
hands, whilst the strings will remain unbroken: let them be again
examined, and desire them to look for the springs in the rings.

THE MIRACULOUS APPLE.

To divide an apple into several parts, without breaking the
rind :—Pass a needle and thread under the rind of the apple,
which is easily done by putting the needle in again at the same
hole it came out of ; and so passing on till you have gone round the
apple. Then take both ends of the thread in your hands and draw
it out; by which means the apple will be divided into two parts.
In the same manner, you may divide it into as many parts as you

K
130 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

please, and yet the rind will remain entire. Present the apple to
any one to peel, and it will immediately fall to pieces.

THE SELF-BALANCED PAIL.

You lay a stick across the table, letting one-third of it project
over the edge; and you undertake to hang a pail of water on it,
without either fastening the stick on the table, or letting the pail
rest on any support; and this feat, the laws of gravitation will
enable you literally to accomplish.

You take the pail of water, and hang it by the handle upon
oie the projecting end of the stick, in

such a manner that the handle may
rest on it in an inclined position,
with the middle of the pail within
the edge of the table. That it may
be fixed in this situation, place
another stick with one of its ends resting against the side at the
bottom of the pail, and its other end against the first stick, where
there should be a notch to retain it. By these means, the pail will
remain fixed in that situation, without being able to incline to
either side; nor can the stick slide along the table, or move along
its edge, without raising the centre of gravity of the pail, and the -
water it contains.



THE PHANTOM AT COMMAND.

This feat is performed by means of confederacy. — Having
privately apprized your confederate that when he hears you strike
one blow, it signifies the letter A; when you strike two, it means
B; and 80 on for the rest of the alphabet, you state to the company,
that if any one will walk into the adjoining room, and have the
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. - 131

door locked upon him, you will cause any animal to appear to him
which another person may name.

In order to deter every one except your confederate from accept-
ing the offer, you announce at the same time, that the person who
volunteers to be shut up in the room must be possessed of consider-
able courage, or he had better not undertake it. Having thus
gained your end, you give your confederate a lamp, which burns
with a very dismal light; telling him, in the hearing of the com-
pany, to place it on the middle of the floor, and not to feel alarmed
at what he may happen to see. You then usher him into the
room, and lock the door.

You next take a piece of black paper, and a bit of chalk, and
giving them to one of the party, you tell him to write the name of
any animal he wishes to appear to the person shut up in the room.
This being done, you receive back the paper, and after shewing it
round to the company, you fold it up, burn it in the candle or
lamp, and throw the ashes into a mortar ; casting in at the same
time a powder, which you state to be possessed of very miraculous
properties.

Having taken care to read what was written, you proceed to
pound the ashes in the mortar thus : Supposing the word written to
be CAT, you begin by stirring the pestle round the mortar several
times, and then strike three distinct blows, loud enough for the con-
federate to hear, and by which he knows that the first letter of the
word is C. You next make some irregular evolutions of the
pestle round the mortar, that it may not appear to the company
that you give nothing but blows, and you then strike one blow to
denote A. Work the pestle about again, and then strike twenty
blows, which he will know to mean T ; finishing your manceuvre by
working the pestle about the mortar; the object being to make the
blows as little remarkable as possible. You then call aloud to your

x2
132 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

confederate, and ask him what he sees. At first he is to make no
reply ; but presently afterwards, he cries out that he is so frightened
he cannot tell you. At length, after being interrogated several
times, he says that something has appeared to him which very
much resembles a CAT.

That no mistake may be made, each party should repeat to
himself the letters of the alphabet in the order of the blows.

THE MIRACULOUS SHILLING.

Provide a round box, the size of a large snuff-box, and likewise
eight other boxes, which will go easily into each other, letting the
least of them be of the size to hold a shilling. Observe that all
these boxes must shut so freely that they may all be closed at once,
by the covers accurately fitting within each other.

Previously to commencing your performance, fit the boxes
within each other, and place them in a table-drawer at another
part of the room. You also fit the covers in the same manner, and
lay them by the side of the boxes ; you likewise provide a silk hand-
kerchief, into one corner of which a shilling is sewn.

You now commence your operations, by borrowing a shilling,
desiring the lender to mark it, that it may not be changed. Take
this shilling in your right hand, and the handkerchief in your left,
pretending to place the shilling in the centre of the handkerchief;
instead of which, you put the corner of the handkerchief in which
a shilling was sewn, as previously described, concealing the bor-
rowed shilling in your right hand. You then desire the person to
feel that his shilling is there, and tell him to hold it tight.

You now go to the drawer, and placing the borrowed shilling
in the smallest of the boxes, you put on all the covers, by taking
them in the centre between the fore-finger and thumb, to prevent
their separation, and fit them on, by carefully sliding them along,
and then pressing them down.
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 133

Having thus closed your boxes, you produce what appears to
be a single box, and lay it on the table. You now ask the person,
who still retains his hold of the shilling in the handkerchief, if he
is sure that it is there. He will reply in the affirmative; you then
request him to allow you to take the handkerchief, and having
done so, you strike that part of the handkerchief containing the
shilling on the box, and immediately shake out the handkerchief,
holding it by two corners, and shifting it round so as to get the
shilling within your grasp: it will thus appear that the shilling is no
longer there. You desire the person to open the box, and hand it
round, till the shilling be found; and when the last box is opened,
and the shilling taken out, you ask the lender to state whether it
is the one which he marked; to which he must, of course, reply in
the affirmative.

THE LOCOMOTIVE SHILLING.

Privately place a shilling, which you previously mark on the head
side with a cross, under a candlestick, or in any other out-of-the-way
situation, where it is not likely to be discovered. You next borrow a
shilling of one of the company, and say: “Now I am going to shew
you a trick with this shilling, but that you may knowit again, I will
mark it.” Then take your penknife, and cross it in the same man-
ner as the one you have concealed ; shew it to the person who lent
it to you, and ask him if he will know it again. He will reply :
“Yes: it is marked with a cross.” Knock under the table, and
say “Presto! fly quickly!” at the same time adroitly conveying
the shilling into your pocket. You then tell the spectators that it
is gone; but you have a strong notion that if they look they will
find it under the candlestick (or whatever other place you may
have concealed it in), where the first shilling you marked will of
course be found, and having the same marks as the genuine one,
will be mistaken for it.
134 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

THE PENETRATIVE SIXPENCE.

You profess that you will make a sixpence pass through the table.
To perform this feat, you must have a handkerchief in one corner
of which is sewed a sixpence, or a counter the exact size of one.—
Take it out of your pocket, and ask one of the company to lend
you a sixpence, which you must seem to carefully wrap up in the
middle of the handkerchief, but instead of which, you keep it in
the palm of your hand, and in its stead, wrap up the corner in
which the other sixpence or counter is sewn, in the midst of the
handkerchief, and bid the person from whom you borrowed the
sixpence, feel that it is there. You then lay it under a hat upon
the table, take a glass in the hand in which you have concealed
the sixpence, and hold it under the table. Give three knocks upon
the table, crying “ Presto! come quickly!” Then drop the six-
pence into the glass; bring the glass from under the table, and
exhibit the sixpence to the spectators. You lastly take the hand-
kerchief from under the hat, and shake it, taking care to hold it by
the corner in which the counter or sixpence was sewn.

THE VANISHING SIXPENCE.

Having previously stuck a small piece of white wax on the
nail of your middle finger, lay a sixpence on the palm of your
hand, and, addressing the company, state that it shall vanish at the
word of command. “ Many persons,” you observe, “ perform this
feat, by letting the sixpence fall into their sleeve ; but to convince
you that I shall not have recourse to any such mean deception, I
will turn up my cuffs.” You then close your hand, and bringing
the waxed nail in contact with the sixpence, it will firmly adhere
to it. You then blow your hand, and cry “ Begone!” and suddenly
opening it, and exhibiting the palm, you shew that the sixpence has
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 135

vanished. If you borrow the sixpence of any of the company, take
care to rub off the wax, before you restore it to the owner.

TO MAKE A SIXPENCE BALANCE AND SPIN ON ITS EDGE,
ON THE POINT OF A NEEDLE.

Procure a common wine-bottle, two forks, two corks, a needle,
a sixpence, and a penknife. Having corked the bottle, force the
eye of the needle into the cork perpendicularly, leaving more than
half the needle sticking up. You next cut a small slit with the
penknife in the centre of the bottom of the second cork, into
which you insert the sixpence, edgewise; then stick the forks into
the upper cork, and, with a steady hand, place the edge of the
sixpence on the point of the needle, and it will immediately find
its balance. You may now take the upper cork, between the
finger and thumb, and spin it round as fast as you please, as the
sixpence will not fall off. When it goes slow, hit one of the forks
with your finger as it goes round, to increase its velocity.

THE MULTIPLYING COIN.

Let a tumbler be half-filled with water; put a sixpence in it;
and holding a plate over the top, turn the glass upside down. The
sixpence will fall down on the plate, and appear to be a shilling;
while at the same time a sixpence will seem to be swimming in the
water. Ifa shilling is put in the glass, it will have the appearance
of a half-crown and a shilling; and if a half crown were put in, it
would seem to be a crown piece and a half-crown.
136 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

RUSES.

THE WONDERFUL HAT.

Place three pieces of bread, or other eatable, at a little distance
from each other on a table, and cover each with a hat; you then
take up the first hat, and removing the bread, put it into your
mouth, and let your company see that you swallow it; then raise
the second hat, and eat the bread which was under that, and
do the same with the third. Having eaten the three pieces, give
any person in company liberty to choose under which hat he
would wish those three pieces of bread to be; when he has made
choice of one of the hats, put it on your head, and ask him if he
does not think that they are under it.

TO BRING A PERSON DOWN UPON A FEATHER.

This is a practical pun:—You desire any one to stand on
a chair or table, and you tell him that, notwithstanding his weight,
you will bring him down upon a feather. You then leave the
room, and procuring a feather from a feather-bed, you give it to
him, and tell him you have performed your promise—that you
engaged to bring him down upon a feather, which you have done;
for there is the feather, and, if he looks, he'll find down upon it.
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 137

THE APPARENT IMPOSSIBILITY.

You profess yourself able to shew any one what he never saw,
what you ‘never saw, and what nobody else ever saw, and which,
after you two have seen, nobody else ever shall see.

After requesting the company to guess this riddle, and they
have professed themselves unable to do so, produce a nut, and
having cracked it, take out the kernel, and ask them if they have
ever seen that before ; they will of course answer, No; you reply,
neither have I, and I think you will confess that nobody else has
ever seen it, and now no one shall ever see it again; saying which,
you put the kernel into your mouth and eat it.

AN OMELET COOKED IN A HAT, OVER THE FLAME
OF A CANDLE.

You state that you are about to cook an omelet; and you
break four eggs in a hat, place the hat for a short time over the
flame of a candle, and shortly after produce an omelet, completely
cooked, and quite hot.

Some persons would be credulous enough to believe that by the
help of certain ingredients you had been enabled to cook the
omelet without fire; but the secret of the trick is, that the omelet
had been previously cooked and placed in the hat, but could not
be seen, because the operator, when breaking the eggs, placed it
too high for the spectators to observe the contents. The eggs
were empty ones, the contents having been previously extracted,
by being sucked through a small aperture, but to prevent the com-
pany from suspecting this, the operator manages, as if by accident,
to let a full one fall on the table, which breaking, induces a belief
that the others are also full.
138 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

THE IMPOSSIBLE OMELET.

You produce some butter, eggs, and other ingredients for
making an omelet, together with a frying-pan, in a room where
there is a fire, and offer to bet a wager, that the cleverest cook will
not be able to make an omelet with them. The wager is won by
having previously caused the eggs to be boiled very hard.

GO IF YOU CAN.

You tell a person that you will clasp his hands together in such
a manner, that he shall not be able to leave the room without
unclasping them, although you will not confine his feet, or bind
his body, or in any way oppose his exit.

This trick is performed by clasping the party’s hands round
the pillar of a large circular table or other bulky article of furniture,
too large for him to drag through the doorway.

THE FIGURE PUZZLE.

You assert that you can prove the half of nine to be either four
or six; and the half of twelve to be seven. To
Be make this manifest you have only to draw a nine

So or a twelve in numerals, and fold the paper across
the middle, as in the margin.

THE VISIBLE INVISIBLE.

You tell the company that you will place a candle in such a
manner that every person in the room, except one, shall see it; yet
you will not blindfold him, nor in any way restrain his person, or
offer the least impediment to his examining or going to any part of
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 139

the room he pleases. This trick is accomplished by placing the
candle on the party’s head; but it cannot be performed if a looking-
glass is in the room, as that will enable him to turn the laugh
against you.

THE DOUBLE MEANING.

Place a glass of any liquor upon the table, put a hat over it, and
say: “I will engage to drink the liquor under that hat, and yet I'll
not touch the hat.” You then get under the table, and after giving
three knocks, you make a noise with your mouth as if you were
swallowing the liquor. Then getting from under the table, you say:
“ Now, gentlemen, be pleased to look.” Some one, eager to see if
you have drunk the liquor, will raise up the hat, when you instantly
take the glass, and drink the contents, saying: “Gentlemen, I
have fulfilled my promise. You are all witnesses that 7 did not
touch the hat.”

QUITE TIRED OUT.

You undertake to make a person so tired, by attempting to
carry a small stick out of the room, as to be unable to accomplish
it, although you will add nothing to his burthen, nor lay any
restraint upon his personal liberty. To perform this manceuvre,
you take up the stick, and cutting off a very small sliver, you
direct him to carry it out of the room, and return for more; con-
cluding by telling him, that you mean him to perform as many
similar journeys as you can cut pieces off the stick. As this may
be made to amount to many thousands, he will of course gladly
give up the undertaking.

SOMETHING OUT OF THE COMMON.

Having picked a stick or stone off a common, you tell a person
that you are about to shew him something which will surprise him,
140 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

—something, in fact, quite out of the common. Having thus
excited his curiosity, you produce the stick or stone, or whatever
else you may have picked up, which of course he will examine
very intently, and at length observe, that he sees nothing extra-
ordinary in it. “That may be,” you reply, “ and yet, I assure you
that it is really something out of the common.” This will, no
doubt, set him upon a fresh examination, which will naturally end
in his asking for an explanation. This you give, by telling him that
“though not uncommon, it is out of the common, for it is out of
— Common ;” and, no doubt, the company present will indulge
in a hearty laugh at the querist’s expense.

TO RUB ONE SIXPENCE INTO TWO.

Previously wet a sixpence slightly, and stick it to the under edge
of a table (without a cover), at the place where you are sitting.
You then borrow a sixpence from one of the company, and
tucking up your sleeves very high, and opening your fingers, to
shew that you have not another concealed, rub it quickly back-
wards and forwards on the table, with your right hand, holding
your left under the edge of the table to catch it. After two or
three feigned unsuccessful attempts to accomplish your object,
you loosen the concealed sixpence with the tips of the fingers of
the left hand, at the same time that you are sweeping the borrowed
sixpence into it; and rubbing them a little while together in your
hands, you throw them both on the table.

MAGIC CIRCLE.

You tell a person you will place him in the centre of a room,
and draw a circle of chalk round him, which shall not exceed three
feet in diameter, yet out of which he shall not be able to leap,
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 141

though his legs shall be perfectly free. When the party has ex-
hausted his ingenuity in trying to discover by what means you can
prevent his accomplishing so seemingly easy a task, you ask him
if he will try, and on his assenting, you bring him into the middle
of the room, and having requested him to button his coat tightly,
you draw, with a piece of chalk, a circle round his waist, outside
his coat, and tell him to jump out of it!

It will greatly improve this trick if the person be blindfolded,
as he will not be aware of the mode of performing it till the
bandage is removed, provided his attention be diverted while you
are drawing the line round him.

FEATS WITH CARDS.

Ir will be necessary to acquire considerable dexterity in the
performance of the three following feats, before the others can be
exhibited with any chance of success,

THE FORCED FEAT.

Forcing is making a person take such a card as you think fit,
while he supposes he is taking one at hazard, or according to his
own inclination. It is almost impossible to describe how this is
done ; we must, however, attempt it.
142 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES,

First, ascertain what the card you intend to force is; this must
be done privately, or while you are playing with the cards; then
place it, to all appearance, carelessly in the pack, but still keep
your eye, or the little finger of your left hand, in which you hold
the pack, upon it. Now, request a person to take a card from the
pack; open them nimbly from your left to your right hand,
spreading them backward and forward, so as to puzzle the person
in making his choice; the moment you see him putting out his
hand to take a card, spread on the cards till you come to the
one you wish to force ; let its corner be most invitingly put forward
in front of the other cards, and let it make its appearance only the
moment his fingers reach the pack. The mode of operation seems
so fair, that unless he knows the secret of forcing, you may put
what card you please into his hand, while he thinks he is making
a choice himself.

Having thus forced your card, you may tell him to look at it ;
give him the pack to shuffle as much as he pleases, for, in fact, do
what he will, you, of course, can always tell what it was. A
method of doing this cleverly is the first thing to be acquired ; for,
without it, few of the master-feats can be performed.

Should you, however, happen to meet with any one in com-
pany who knows this feat, you must have recourse to the following
expedient.

We will suppose the card you wish to force to be the ace of
hearts, but the person you present the pack to, will not take it,
but persists in taking one near the top or bottom; let him do so,
still keeping your finger against the ace of hearts. As soon as he
has drawn the card he wishes, and while he is looking at it, slip
the fore-finger of your left hand between the ace of hearts and
the card immediately under it, press the cards tightly together in
front, in order to conceal the finger, and desire him to return the
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 143

card to any part of the pack he pleases, at the same time opening
the pack at the place where your finger is, taking care to with-
draw your finger immediately, lest it should be seen, when the
card will be placed under the ace of hearts. You then shuffle the
cards slightly, for should they be shuffled too much, the two cards
which are now together might chance to get separated.

Ask the person who drew the card, whether he thinks his card ©
is now in the pack; he will, of course, answer in the affirmative ;
you say that you doubt it, throw the top card of the pack on the
table, face uppermost, and so on with the rest, until you have gone
through the pack; then ask if he has seen his card, he will answer,
Yes: you can now either tell him the name of it, or finish the feat
in any other way you may think proper, as, by your watching for
the ace of hearts, you will perceive what his card is, by its being
the one which immediately follows it.

THE NERVE FEAT.

Force a card, and when the person who has taken it puts it in
the pack, Jet him shuffle the cards: then look at them again your-
self, find the card, and place it at the bottom; cut them in half;
give the party that half which contains his card at the bottom, and
desire him to hold it between his finger and thumb just at the cor-
ner; bid him pinch them as tight as he can; then strike them
sharply, and they will all fall to the ground, except the bottom
one, which is the card he has chosen. This is a very curious feat,
and, if well done, is really astonishing. It is a great improvement
of this feat to put the chosen card at the top of the pack, and turn
the cards face upward, so that when you strike, the choosing
party's card will remain in his hand, actually staring him in the
face.
144, SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

THE TURN-OVER FEAT.

When you have found a card chosen, which you have previously
forced, or any card that has been drawn, and which you have dis-
covered by the means before described, in order to finish your feat
cleverly, convey the card, privately, to the top of the pack ; get all
the other cards even with each other, but let the edge of your top
card project a little over the rest; hold them between your finger
and thumb, about two feet from the table, let them drop, and the
top card (which must be, as we have said, the one drawn) will fall
with its face uppermost, and all the rest with their faces towards
the table.

TO TELL THE NAME OF A CARD THOUGHT OF.

Desire any person to draw seven or eight cards from the pack,
and think of any one of them; when he returns them to you, place
them at the bottom of the pack, but to prevent this from being
noticed, attract the company’s attention, by saying that as you
intend throwing the cards on the table, it may be suspected that
you will watch the eye of the party, to see which card he fixes
upon, but to prove that this is not the case, you say you will turn
your head aside ; during this time you have continued shuffling the
cards, but in euch a manner that you do not remove the cards
which are at bottom from their places; you then take five or six
cards off the top of the pack, and throw them on the table face up-
wards, asking if the card thought of is among them.

Whilst the person is looking over these, you, unperceivedly,
take one card from the bottom of the pack, and place it on the
top; when he says that his card is not in the first parcel, take off
five or six more (including the card which you have taken from
the bottom), and throw them on the table in the same manner as
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 145

you did the former, taking care, as you turn your head away, to '
ascertain the card drawn from the bottom, as should he say that
his card is in the second parcel, you immediately know that the
card brought from the bottom was his; but, while he is looking at
the second parcel, remember to bring another card from the bot-
tom to the top of the pack, as when all eyes are fixed upon those
on the table, a favourable opportunity is afforded of doing so
unperceived ; you proceed in this manner, bringing one up, and
throwing out five or six for examination, until the card has been
seen; when, knowing which it is, you may make use of the Turn-
over, the Nerve Feat, or any other you please, to make it known.

This feat may occasionally be substituted for the Forcing Feat,
particularly in a company where the latter is known.

A CARD THOUGHT OF BY ONE PERSON, TO BE FOUND IN A
PART OF THE PACK NAMED BY ANOTHER PERSON.

Shuffle a pack of cards; lay the uppermost card face upwards
on the table, calling it number one ; lay the next down in the same
manner, calling it number two; and so on, for a dozen or more.
While you are laying them down, desire a person to think of any of
those cards, and to recollect not only the name of the card, but its
numerical order; you then give any other person the choice of
naming the numerical order in which the card thought of shall be
found, to commence counting with the same number as that of the
card thought of, but the person making such choice must not name
any number under twelve.

Suppose, for example, that the card thought of is the ace of
hearts, and that it is the ninth card; you then take up the twelve
or fourteen cards which you have laid out to be selected from, in
the order in which they lie, and place them on the top of the pack.

L
146 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

You now ask any other person in what numerical order above
twelve he wishes the card to be found; suppose he says, twenty-
three; you put your hands under the table, and slipping off the
top card with your thumb, shift the second on it, the third on the
second, the fourth on the third, and so on to the twenty-third,
which was the number chosen; you now lay these cards on the
top of the pack, and handing it to the person who thought of
a card, desire him to commence reckoning at the number of his
card, he will, therefore, throw the top card on the table, calling it
nine, the next ten, and so on, until he throws down the twenty-
second card, when you should stop him, reminding him that the
number chosen is twenty-three, and that, consequently, the card
which he is about to take up is the card he thought of; then desire
him, lest it might be thought that he was a confederate, to say
what hie card was; he will declare it to be the ace of hearts ; tell
him to turn the card up, and the ace of hearts it will most cer-
tainly be.

TO TELL THE NAMES OF THE CARDS BY THE WEIGHT.

You desire any person to cut a pack of cards as often as he
pleases, and undertake, by weighing each card for a moment
on your finger, not only to tell the colour, but the suite and
number of spots, and, if a court-card, whether it be king, queen,
or knave.

You must have two packs of cards exactly alike; one pack to
be constantly in use during the evening in performing your other
tricks; the second, or prepared pack, in your pocket, which take
an opportunity of exchanging, so that it may be believed that the
pack of cards of which you tell the names, is the same as that you
have been using with your other tricks, and which they must
know have been well shuffled.
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. — 147

The manner of preparing your pack (which must be done pre-
viously) is by the following line, which you commit to memory :
the words in italics forming the key :—

Eight Kings threa-ten’d to save nine fair Ladies for one sick Knave.

Eight King three ten two sevennine five Queen four ace siz Knave.
You will perceive that this is akind of artificial memory, formed by
the circumstance of the initial letter of the words in the line and
the names of the cards being indentical, as well as the near
resemblance of some of the words. The word “ threaten’d” is
divided into two words, in order that it may answer for the three
and ten; you should pay attention to this, or you will be very
likely to forget the ten altogether, which would set you entirely
wrong; you should likewise commit to memory the order in which
the suites come, viz. :—hearts—spades—diamonds—clubs.

You should now separate the different suites, and lay them on
the table, face upwards, placing hearts first, spades next, diamonds
next, and clubs last. Having done so, begin to sort (to yourself),
according to your key; take up the eight of hearts, placing it in the
left hand with its back to the palm ; then the king of spades, which
you lay over it, next the three of diamonds, next the ten of clubs,
then the two of hearts, and so on, until you finish your line, which
will terminate with the knave of hearts. You then take up the
eight of spades, and go on in the same way till you come to the
knave of spades, when you begin again with the eight of diamonds,
and go on until you come to the knave of diamonds, and beginning
again with the eight of clubs, you go on until you come to the
knave of clubs, which finishes the pack, and which is now ready
for use ; when you have made your exchange, and brought forward
your prepared pack, hand it round to be cut.

You now want to know the first card, as a clue to the rest; and
therefore take off the top card, and holding it up between you and

L2
148 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

the light, you see what the card is, saying, at the same time, that
the old way of performing the trick was by doing so, but that this
was very easily detected.

Having thus obtained a knowledge of the first card, which we
will suppose to be the ten of diamonds, you then take the next
card on your finger, and while pretending to weigh it, you have
time to recollect what is the next word, in your key, to ¢en’d,
which is ¢o,—you, consequently, know that this card is a two;
you must then recollect what suite comes after diamonds, which is
clubs ; you, therefore, declare the card you are now weighing on
your fingers to be the two of clubs ; the next will of course be the
seven of hearts, the next to that the nine of spades, and so on as
long as you please.

THE QUEENS GOING TO DIG FOR DIAMONDS.

Separate from a pack the four kings, queens, knaves, and aces ;
likewise four common cards of each suite; then lay in a row on
the table, the queens, face upwards, and commence telling your
story, thus :—

“ These are four queens, who set out to seek for diamonds [place
four common cards of the diamond suite half over the queens.) As
they intend to dig for the diamonds, they each take a spade [place
four common spades half over the diamonds}. The kings, their
husbands, knowing their intention, sent a guard of honour to protect
them from danger [here lay down the four aces half over the spades].
But lest they should neglect their duty, they resolved to set out
themselves [Jay the four kings half over the four aces}. Now there
were four robbers, who, being apprized of the queens’ intentions,
determined to waylay and rob them on their return [Jay the four
knaves half over the four kings]. They were each armed with a
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 149

club [lay four clubs over the four knaves], and not knowing how
the queens would be protected, it was necessary they should each
possess a stout heart” [/ay four hearts over the four clubs}.

You have now placed the whole of the cards on the table, in four
columns; you then pack the cards in the first column together,
beginning at your left hand, keeping them in the order in which
you laid them out, and place them on the table, face downward.
Pack up the second column in the same way, lay them on the first,
and so on with the other two.

You now give the cards to be cut by as many persons as please,
and as often as they choose ; and it would have a good effect, if you
were to give the cards what is termed ashuffle-cut ; that is, to give
them the appearance of being shuffled, but, in fact, only to cut
them quickly several times. You then commence laying them out
again in four columns, as you did at first, when it will be found that
they all come in their proper order again. You next desire any
one to try if he can do it, when the chances are exactly seven to
one that he does not succeed; but if he should, you request him to
try it again, when he is almost certain to fail, unless he knows
the secret, which merely consists in having the cards cut until a
common card of the heart suite remains at the bottom of the pack.

THE CARD IN THE EGG.

To perform this feat, you must have a round hollow stick, about
ten inches long and three quarters of an inch in diameter, the
hollow being three-eighths of an inch in diameter. You must
also have another round stick to fit this hollow, and slide in it
easily, with a knob to prevent its coming through. Our young
readers will clearly understand our meaning, when we say, that in
all respects it must resemble a pop-gun, with the single exception
150 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

that the stick which fits the tube, must be of the full length of the
tube, exclusively of the knob.

You next steep a card in water for a quarter of an hour, peel off
the face of it, and double it twice across, till it becomes one-fourth
of the length of a card, then rollit up tightly, and thrust it up the
tube till it becomes even with the bottom. You then thrust in the
stick at the other end of the tube till it just touches the card.

Having thus provided your magic wand, let it lie on the table
until you have occasion to make use of it, but be careful not to
allow any person to handle it.

You now take a pack of cards, and let any person draw one ;
but be sure to let it be a similar card to the one which you have in
the hollow stick. This must be done by forcing. The person who
has chosen it will put it into the pack again, and, while you are
shuffling, you let it fall into your lap. Then, calling for some eggs,
desire the person who drew the card, or any other person in the
company, to choose any one of the eggs. When he has done so,
ask if there be anything in it. He will answer, There is not.
Place the egg in a saucer ;—break it with the wand, and, pressing
the knob with the palm of your right hand, the card will be driven
into the egg. You may then shew it to the spectators.

A great improvement may be made in this feat, by presenting
the person who draws the card with a saucer and a pair of forceps,
and instead of his returning the card to the pack, desire him to
take it by the corner with the forceps and burn it, but to take care
and preserve the ashes; for this purpose you present him with a
piece of paper (prepared as hereafter described), which he lights
at the candle, but a few seconds after; and before he can set the
card on fire, it will suddenly divide in the middle and spring back,
burning his fingers if he do not drop it quickly. Have another
paper ready, and desire him to try that; when he will most likely
beg to be excused, and will prefer lighting it with the candle.
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 151

When the card is consumed, you say that you do not wish to
fix upon any particular person in company to choose an egg, lest it
might be suspected that he was a confederate ; you therefore request
any two ladies in company to volunteer to choose each an ‘egg, and
having done so, to decide between themselves which shall contain
the card; when this is done, take a second saucer, and in it receive
the rejected egg, break it with your wand, and shew the egg round
to the company; at the same time drawing their attention to the
fact of those two eggs having been chosen from among a number
of others, and of its not being possible for you to have told which of
them would be the chosen one.

You now receive the chosen egg in the saucer containing the
ashes, and having rolled it about until you have blacked it alittle,
blow the ashes from around it into the grate; you then break the
egg with the same wand, when, on touching the spring, the card
will be found in the egg.

The method of preparing the paper, mentioned in the above
feat, is as follows :—Take'a piece of letter paper, about six inches
in length and three quarters of an inch in breadth, fold it longi-
tudinally, and with a knife cut it in the crease about five inches
down ; then take one of the sides which are still connected at the
bottom, and with the back of the knife under it, and the thumb of
the right hand over it, curl it outwards as a boy would the tassels
of his kite; repeat the same process with the other side, and lay
them by for use. _When about using them (but not till then, as
the papers will soon lose their curl if stretched), draw them up so
as to make them their original length, and turn the ends over a
little, in order that they may remain so: when set on fire, they will
burn for a minute or two, until the turn-over is burnt out, when the
lighted ends will turn over quickly, burning the fingers of the
holder ; this part of the trick never fails to excite the greates:
merriment.
152 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

THE INGENIOUS CONFEDERACY.

Lay sixteen cards on the table in four divisions, four cards in
each with the faces upwards. You then state that you will leave
the room, and, on your return, will name any one card which may
have been touched in your absence, on one of the company (your
confederate) pointing out a passage from any author to be read to
you, on your return, by any person present. To perform this
trick, the cards should be placed in the order in which they appear
in the annexed cut, you previously making your confederate ac-
quainted with your mode of proceeding, which is thus :—The cards

are supposed to be divided into four classes,

po. 56
as A, B, C,D; you likewise agree to class
aa LL] everything in the world under the four
denominations of biped, quadruped, vege-
[| [| g [| table, and mineral: class A stands for.
Ty 7~g— bipeds, B for quadrupeds, C for vegetables,
9_ 10 3 44 and D for minerals; each class must now
aa ru be subdivided in the same manner: in
class A No. 1 is the biped, 2 the quad-
[| g (I ruped, 3 the vegetable, and 4 the mineral,
and so with the other classes; when per-
en * pb forming the trick, your confederate must
take care to select an appropriate passage; for example, we will
suppose the card No. 4 to have been touched, and that a volume
of Moore having been presented to your confederate to select from,
he gives the following lines to be read :---
“ Breathes there the slave so lowly,
Condemned to chains unholy,

Who, could he burst his bonds at first,
Would pine beneath them slowly,” &c.
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 153

The first word which can be classed as above is slave, you may
thus be certain that the card touched is in class A, a slave being a
biped ; the next word you can fix upon is chains, which being com-
monly made of some metal, you rank in the mineral class, and
know that card No. 4 was the one touched, it being the mineral of
the biped class.

Supposing the trick to be repeated, as is very likely, and that
a volume of Byron is given to your confederate, who selects the
passage commencing

“ Know ye the land, where the cypress and myrtle
Are emblems of deeds that are done in their clime,” &c;

you know “ cypress” being the first word that can be classed, the
card touched must be in class C (vegetable), and the next word
“ myrtle” being also a vegetable, the card touched must have been
No. 11, which is the vegetable of the vegetable class. Many ap-
propriate passages may be easily selected, and your confederate
should select a long passage to be read, as it gives greater scope, and
helps to mislead the rest of the company ; for should they imagine
that the card is discovered by the number of lines read, and they
touch the same card again, he can select another passage, desiring
them to read only as many lines as they choose.

THE CHANGEABLE CARDS.

Having shuffled a pack, select the eight of each suite, and the
deuce of diamonds; hold the four eights in the left hand, and the
deuce in the right, and having shewn them, take in the deuce
among the four in the left hand, and throw out one of the eights ;
give them to be blown upon, when they will be turned into four
deuces; you now exchange one of the deuces for the eight, and
giving them again to be blown upon, they will appear all black
154 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

cards; you again take in the deuce, and discard the eight, when,
by blowing on them, they will all turn red; you now, for the last _
time, take in the eight, and throw away a deuce, when they will
be found to be four eights and a deuce, as they were at first.

To perform this ingenious deception you procure five plain
cards, the size of playing cards, which you paint to resemble the
five cards as under,

1 2 3 4 5
%e9 %»¢ +,¢ © |
9 9 ¢ ¢
| o |le*el| @ |

and mixing them) with a common pack, you next, under the pre-
tence of selecting the eight of each suite, and the deuce of dia-
monds, take out your false cards (Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4), which you hold
as under; and taking No. 5 in your right hand, you shew your
company that there are the four eights
and the deuce of diamonds; you should
likewise hold them up to the light, to
let them see that they are not double,
which you may do without fear of de-
tection, as the lower parts of the cards
will be so opaque, that the deficiency of
spots will not be perceived; you now
place the deuce of diamonds between
Nos. 3 and 4, the latter of which you
withdraw and throw on the table, but
take care not to do so until you have first
taken in No. 5 (the deuce of diamonds), else the deficiency of spots
on No.3 will cause the trick to be discovered: you then close those


SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES. 155

four cards together, and taking them by the top, with the fingers
and thumb of the right hand, having the thumb on the face of the
cards, and the fingers on the back, hold them out with their faces
turned towards the floor, and desire some person to blow upon
them ; when this has been done, give your wrist a turn, so that the
top part of the cards will now be the bottom; in fact, you turn the
cards upside down; hold them up to your mouth, pretending to
breathe on them, which not only tends to deceive your company, but
gives you time to arrange your cards, which you do by opening them
out to the right hand, when they will appear to be four deuces, in
the order represented in the following figure : you may again hold
them up to the light, to shew that they are single cards.

The next change, although rather more difficult to accomplish,
is decidedly the best of the whole, inasmuch as the cards are
never shut up, nor removed for one moment from under the eye.
Having shewn them to be four deuces, you take in the eight of
clubs, and place it between Nos. 3 and 5; withdraw No. 5, and,
holding it up to the light, you desire the
company to observe that the cards are
not double, and while all eyes are turned
to this card, turn your left hand, contain-
ing the other four, with its back towards
the ceiling, and the faces of the cards
towards the floor, keeping them in a
horizontal position; throw down the
deuce of diamonds, and continue your
remarks on the cards not being double,
by saying, “You perceive any of them
will bear examination ;” at the same time take hold of the card next
but one to your right hand, with the fingers and thumb of that
hand, taking care to have the thumb above and the fingers under-


156 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

neath the card; take it out, still keeping it in a horizontal position,
and while making the above observation, turn it round with the
fore-finger of the right hand, until you have got hohd of the other
end, when, before anybody has time to take hold of it, return
it to the situation from which you took it, taking care that you put
it exactly in the same angle.

You now hold those cards out, with the backs upward, to be
blown upon; but you have no occasion to shut them up at this
change, as, if you turn them over, it will be perceived that they
areall black; you now take in the deuce of diamonds, as you
did at the first change, and discard the eight of clubs, close them
up, and taking them by the top, hold them out to be blown upon,
give your wrist a turn as before, open them out to yourself
while pretending to breathe on them, when, on shewing them
to your company, they will be all red; you now again take in
the eight of clubs, throwing out the deuce of diamonds on the
table, with its face downwards, and taking hold of the card next
but one to your right hand, throw it down in the same manner ;
whilst performing this latter part, you should say, “I take in
the eight, and I throw out the deuces—Oh! I beg pardon—only
‘one of the deuces;” at the same moment take up the last card
you threw out, by the opposite end to that which you formerly
held it by, and return it to its own place again, taking particular
care of the angle; let them be blown upon, when they will be
found to be four eights and a deuce, as they were at first.

Should any persons now desire to examine the cards, tell them
you can only give them one at a time, breathe upon the deuce of
diamonds and present it to them; when they have returned it to
you, and before they have time to ask for another, hand them the
eight of clubs, saying, that perhaps they would like to examine a
black card; they seeing you so confident, will scarcely ask for any
SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES, 157

more. We would recommend our young friends to practise this
trick well before they attempt to shew it, as it is too good a one to
hazard its discovery by impatience, which is too frequently the
case.

“ HOLD IT FAST.”

You commence by asking the most athletic person in company
whether he is nervous; he will most probably answer in the nega-
tive ; you then ask whether he thinks he can hold a card tightly.
If he answer, No, ask the question of some one else, till you obtain
an answer in the affirmative. You then desire the party to stand
in the middle of the room, and holding up the pack of cards, you
shew him the bottom card, and request him to proclaim what card
it is; he will say it is the knave of hearts; you then tell him to
holdjthe card tightly at the bottom, and look to the ceiling.
While he is looking up, you ask him if he recollects his card ; if
he say, Yes, desire him to draw it away, and ask him what it is;
he will, of course, answer, the knave of hearts; tell him he has
made a mistake, for if he look at his card, he will find it to be the
knave of spades, which will be the case. You then give him the
remainder of the pack, telling him that if he looks over it, he will
find the knave of hearts in quite a different situation.

This feat, though it excites much admiration, is very simple.
You procure an extra knave of hearts, and cut it in half, keeping
the upper part, and throwing away thelower. When commencing
your feat, get the knave of spades to the bottom of the pack, and
lay over the upper part of it, unperceived, your half knave of

_hearts; and, under pretence of holding the pack very tight,
throw your thumb across the middle of the knave, so that the
joining may not be perceived, for the legs of those two knaves are
so much alike that there is no danger of detection. You, of course,
158 SLEIGHTS AND SUBTLETIES.

give him the legs of the knave of spades to hold, and when he has
drawn the card away, hold your hand so that the faces of the cards
will be turned towards the floor, and take an opportunity of re-
moving the half knave: you may vary the feat by having a half-
knave of spades.





ILLUSIONS OF TOUCH.

ppty the points of a pair of compasses, distant
from each other one or two lines, to the cheek,
Ge) just before the ear; then move them succes-
\® \D sively to several other parts of the cheek, and
Os m2) you will find, on approaching the mouth, that
Cy y) say the points will appear to recede from each other ;
PAREN GSS this effect being produced by the great difference
of the sense of touch in these parts. It is a general law, that, in the
more sensitive portions of the skin, any two points appear to be
further asunder from each other than points of equal distance
appear to be to a less sensitive portion. The same experiments
may be made by holding together the extremities of the fore-
finger and thumb, and then passing the tips of both in a line from
the ear to either the upper or the under lip; as they approach the
latter, they will feel to the cheek as if they were becoming more
and more distant from each other.
If the skin be touched with the points of a pair of compasses,
one inch asunder, the person so touched, while he shuts his eyes,
M









162 MELANGE.

will instantly be aware that his skin is touched in two places; but
by continually drawing the two points closer, a degree of nearness
may be reached at which the person will imagine his skin to be
touched by only one body: he will, however, describe this body, or
the compasses, to be a little longer in one direction than another ;
and it appears that this difference of length corresponds with the
distance between the two points of the compasses. When these
points are brought still nearer together, the inequality will no
longer be felt, and the person will fancy he is being touched by
one body only.

Handle a pea: it is one—place it between the first and second
fingers of the right hand, in their natural position, and you will
still feel the pea but as one. Then cross the two fingers, bringing
the second over the first, and place the pea in the fork between
them, so as to feel the left side of the pea with the right side of the
second finger, and the right with the left of the first. The impres-
sion will then be that you have two peas touching the fingers,
especially if the eyes be shut, and the fingers be placed by another
person. The illusion will be equally strong if the two fore-fingers
of both hands be crossed, and the pea placed between them.

ILLUSION OF THE TASTE.

If the nose be held tightly while you are eating cinnamon you
will perceive scarcely any difference between its flavour and that
of a deal shaving.

THE GENERAL BLEACHER,

Provide some strong chloride of lime, soak in it strips of
printed cotton; take them out, dry them, and you will find them
MELANGE. 163

very white, but very rotten, slitting and dropping into holes upon
the slightest touch.

The dazzling whiteness of paper is caused by bleaching it with
chloride of lime. Thus, if you write on printing paper with common
ink, it will fade, because the chloride will destroy the colouring
matter of writing ink. It will not, however, change printing ink,
as that owes its blackness to charcoal, which is a singularly perma-
nent substance. Blot over a printed page with common writing
ink, wash it with chloride of lime, when the blots will disappear,
and leave the printing unchanged.

INFLUENCE OF COLOURED GLASS ON BULBOUS ROOTS.

Put a bulb, as a hyacinth, narcissus, &c., into a white glass,
and another into a purple glass: the latter will grow faster than the
former; and, if a pinch of salt, or a piece of nitre, be put into the
water whenever it is changed, the brightness of the colour of the
flower will be considerably heightened.

THE SPINNING-TOP “ ASLEEP.”

Spin a top, and it will for some time stand “asleep,” as it is
called in the parlance of the play-ground. The cause is thus
explained by Dr. Arnot, in his valuable Elements of Physics :
“While the top is perfectly upright, its point, being directly under
its centre, supports it steadily, and although turning so rapidly,
has no tendency to move from the place; but, if the top incline at
all, the side of the peg, instead of the very point, comes in contact
with the floor, and the peg then becomes a little wheel or roller,
advancing quickly, and with its touching edge, describing a curve

mu 2
164 MELANGE.

somewhat as a skaiter does, until it becomes directly under the
body of the top, as before. It thus appears that the very fact of
the top inclining causes the point to shift its place, so that it
cannot rest until it come again directly under the centre of
the top.”

TO JUDGE OF WEIGHTS.

Persons accustomed to estimate weights by poising them in
their hands, will distinguish perfectly between two, only differing
by a thirtieth part. In comparing two weights, poise one and then
instantly the other, in the same hand ; the few seconds of time
that pass between the poising of the two weights will not prevent
their accurate comparison. The interval may amount to twenty
seconds, yet a just estimate may still be made; but when it
amounts to forty seconds, all accuracy will be lost.

QUICKSILVER AND OIL UNITED.

Let fall a very small drop of oil upon a large drop of mercury,
and the latter will become enlarged. This phenomenon is at-
tributed to a combination of the oil with the mercury, which pro-
duces a compound, the attraction of which is less strong than that
of pure mercury.

TO DISSOLVE THE SODA IN GLASS.

Glass consists of sand, carbonate of soda, and red lead, heated
together. If water be poured into a glass vessel, neither of the
ingredients will be affected by it; but, if the glass be reduced to a
fine powder, and water be poured on it, the soda will instantly be
dissolved.
MELANGE, 165

Or, moisten with water a piece of turmeric, or test-paper ; drop
on it a little powdered glass, and the soda in it will change the
yellow paper to brown.

WATERPROOF PAPER.

Make a solution of caoutchouc in caoutchoucine, plunge into
it, once or twice, unsized paper, and dry it by a gentle heat. It
may then be used as writing paper, and will resist all humidity ;
aud small vessels made of it will even contain water.

TO DISSOLVE GOLD OR PLATINUM,

Mix a little nitric acid with half the quantity of muriatic acid,
into which put the metal for solution.

Or, pour a little aqueous solution of chlorine into a small glass,
and put in a bit of pure gold leaf; stir it with a glass rod, and the
gold will dissolve. Thus gold, which cannot be dissolved in nitric,
sulphuric, or other strong acids, will quickly disappear in water,
with a little chlorine in solution.

COLDER THAN ICE.

Mix common salt with pounded ice or snow, and they will run
into brine, which will be much colder than the ice or snow.

CONTRA-CRYSTALIZATION,

Dissolve two ounces of nitre and three of Glauber salts in five
ounces of warm water ; fill two bottles with the solution, into one
of which put a crystal of nitre, and into the ‘other a crystal of
Glauber salts; place both bottles in ice-cold water, when nitre
only will crystalize in the one and Glauber salts in the other.
166 MELANGE.

ONE AND ONE DO NOT MAKE TWO.

Mix a wine-glass full of sulphuric acid with a wine-glass full of
water, cautiously ; and, on re-measuring the mixture, it will not be
found sufficient to re-fill both glasses.

TO COPY WRITING INSTANTLY.

Add a little sugar to ink, with which write the letter to be
copied; then lay a sheet of thin unsized paper, damped with
a sponge, on the writing; pass lightly over it a flat iron, very
moderately heated, and a reverse impression of the writing will be
accurately taken off. ,

THE RIVAL DIALS.

Fix two pendulum clocks to the same wall, or lay two watches
upon the same table, and they will take the same rate of going,
though they would vary in that rate if they were placed in separate
apartments. Indeed, it has been observed, that the pendulum of
one clock will even stop that of the other, and that the stopped
pendulum will, after a certain time, go again, and, in its turn, stop
the other pendulum.

TO SPIN INDIAN RUBBER.

Dissolve a small piece of Indian rubberin a little caoutchoucine,
and put a drop or two of the solution upon a looking-glass or window-
pane ; touch it lightly with a dry piece of Indian rubber, quickly
draw out a fine thread, which attach to a card, and wind off as silk.
MELANGE. 167

INDELIBLE WRITING.

As the art of man can unmake whatever his ingenuity can
make, we have no right to expect an indelible ink; however, an
approximation to it may be made as follows: make a saturated so-
lution of indigo and madder in boiling water, in such proportions
as to give a purple tint ; add to it from one-sixth to one-eighth of its
weight of sulphuric acid, according to the thickness and strength of
the paper to be used. Write with this ink, and expose the paper to
a gradual heat from the fire, when the characters will be completely
black, the letters being burnt in and charred by the sulphuric acid.
If the acid has not been used in sufficient quantity to destroy the
texture of the paper, and reduce it to the state of tinder, the colour
may be discharged by washing it with a strong solution of oxalic
acid in water. When the full proportion of acid has been em-
ployed, crumple and rub the paper, ‘and the charred letters will
fall out; then by placing a black ground behind the letters, they
may be preserved, and thus a species of indelible writing may be
procured, the letters being, as it were, stamped out of the paper.

VEGETABLE ANATOMY,

Soak any part of a plant in nitric acid fora short space of time,
and all power of cohesion will be lost by the vessels, which will
become transparent, and be easily separable from each other by
gentle dissection. So complete will be the effect that even the
most delicate cells of the cellular tissue will become disengaged
from each other, and may be examined singly with perfect ease.
This discovery will enable persons who have not compound micro-
scopes, and delicate dissecting instruments, to anatomize plants
with facility.
168 MELANGE.

TO TELL WHAT O'CLOCK IT IS BY THE MOON.

This may be calculated by the shadow which the moon casts
upon a sun-dial, it being only necessary to know the moon’s age,
which may be found in an almanack. If the new moon happens in
the morning, this day is taken into the account ; but if it happens
after noon, the following day is counted the first. The moon's
age is to be multiplied by four and divided by five. The quotient
must either be added to the hour, which the shadow indicates on
the sun-dial, and the sum will give the time sought; or subtract
from the quotient the hour shewn by the moon upon the dial, and
the remainder will give the hour sought. The first is to be done
when the shadow falls on an hour of the afternoon, and the latter
when it falls upon an hour of the forenoon. The following are
examples :

1st. Suppose the moon to be ten days old, and the shade cast
by the moon upon the sun-dial to be at half-past two ; or, that the
shadow cast by the moon falls on the place at which the shadow
cast by the sun stands at half-past two ;—what o'clock was it then?
The answer is calculated as follows:—The moon's age, 10 days
x4=40%=8. Eight, therefore, is the time when the moon
was in the meridian, and 8 + 2} = 104, or half-past ten, the hour
sought.

2d. Suppose the moon to have been eighteen days old, and the
shadow cast by it on the sun-dial to have marked 11. This time
is subtracted from the hour when the moon was in the meridian on
that day, and from which the hour marked by the shadow must be
deducted. The shadow shews here 11 o'clock in the forenoon, or
one hour before noon, which, deducted from 2 h. 24m. gives
Lh, 24m. ; 22?—1 = 13, or 24 minutes past one o'clock.
MELANGE. 169

THE PHYSIOGNOTYPE.

This is a newly invented instrument, by the aid of which a
person may have a plaster cast of his face taken without submit-
ting to the usual unpleasant process.

It consists of an assemblage of very fine moveable wires, con-
fined closely together within a broad hoop or band, after the

: manner of the bristles in a
telescope hearth-brush, but not
closed at the back, in order to
allow to the wires a free
passage. The wires slide in a
metal plate, perforated all over
with holes, very fine and close
together. The apparatus is
surrounded by an outer case
which is filled with warm
water, in order to prevent any
unpleasant sensation on the contact of the instrument with the skin.

When it is desired to take a likeness, the instrument is applied
to the face with a gentle and gradual pressure, the wires easily
yield and slide back, conformably to the prominences of the coun-
tenance; they are then fixed tightly in their position, and thus
form a mould which will yield a perfect and faithful cast of the
face, in which even the most minute line will appear with the
strictest accuracy.

!



INFINITE DIVISIBILITY OF MATTER.

Dissolve a single grain of copper in about one dram of nitric
acid, and dilute the solution with about one ounce of water, when
170 MELANGE.

it will be evident that a single drop of the mixture must contain an
almost immeasurably small portion of copper. Yet, if the blade of
a knife be dipped into it, it will become covered with a coat of
copper; thus shewing that the copper can be infinitely divided
without any alteration in its properties.

HOLDING THE BREATH.

If a person inspire deeply, he will be able, immediately after, to
hold breath for a time, varying with his health, state of exertion,
or repose. A man, during an active walk, may not be able ,to
cease breathing for more than half a minute ; but, after resting on
a chair or bed, he may refrain from breathing for a minute and a
half, or even two ‘minutes. But if he will prepare himself by
breathing deeply, hardly, and quickly (as he would naturally do
after running), and ceasing that operation with his lungs full of air,
then hold his breath as long as he is able, he will find that the
time, during which he can remain without breathing, will be double,
or even more than double the former. This effect may be ren-
dered exceedingly serviceable, as on many occasions a man who
can hold breath for a minute, or two minutes, may save the life
of another; such as in entering a chamber on fire, rescuing from
drowning, &c.

SAND IN THE HOUR-GLASS.

It is a remarkable fact, that the flow of sand in the hour-glass
is perfectly equable, whatever may be the quantity in the glass;
that is, the sand runs no faster when the upper half of the glass is
quite full than when it is nearly empty. It would, however, be
natural enough to conclude that, when full of sand, it would be
MELANGE. 171

more swiftly urged through the aperture, than when the glass was
only a quarter full, and near the close of the hour.

The fact of the even flow of sand may be proved by avery
simple experiment. Provide some silver sand, dry it over or
before the fire, and pass it through a tolerably fine sieve. Then
take a tube, of any length or diameter, closed at one end, in
which make a small hole, say the eighth of an inch; stop this
with a peg, and fill up the tube with the sifted sand. Hold the
tube steadily, or fix it to a wall, or frame, at any height from
a table; remove the peg, and permit the sand to flow in any
measure for any given time, and note the quantity. Then, let
the tube be emptied, and only half or a quarter filled with sand,
measure again, for a like time, and the same quantity of sand will
flow: even if you press the sand in the tube with a ruler or stick,
the flow of the sand through the hole will not be increased.

The above is explained by the fact, that when the sand is
poured into the tube, it fills it with a succession ‘of conical heaps,
and that all the weight which the bottom of the tube sustains, is
only that of the heap which first falls upon it; as the succeeding
heaps do not press downward, but only against the sides or walls
of the tube.

RESISTANCE OF SAND.

From the above experiment it may be concluded, that it is
extremely difficult to thrust sand out of a tube by means of a fitting
plug or piston ; and this, upon trial, is found to be the case. Fit a
piston to a tube (exactly like a boy’s pop-gun), pour some sand in,
and try with the utmost strength of the arm to push out the sand.
It will be found impossible to do this : rather than the sand should
be shot out, the tube will burst at the sides.
172 MELANGE.

GLASS BROKEN BY SAND.

If bullets be let fall on glass which has been cooled in the open
air, they will not break ; but, if a few grains of sand be let fall on
the same kind of glass, it will be broken into a thousand pieces!
This is explained by the lead not scratching the surface of the
glass; whereas the sand, being sharp and angular, scratches suffi-
ciently to break it.

TO BLEACH IVORY.

Place any piece of discoloured ivory beneath a glass, expose it
to the sun, and it will soon be restored to pure whiteness ; whereas,
if the ivory be exposed to the sun without the glass covering, it
will become more discoloured.

VANISHING SHELLS.

Put into a little diluted muriatic acid, a common whelk-shell,
when it will be completely dissolved, and not a sensible trace of it
left behind.

If an oyster-shell, or land snail-shell, be put into the acid, its
substance will disappear, but the form or skeleton of the shell will
remain,

THE MAGIC EGG,

Fill a basin with dilute muriatic acid, and put into it an egg,
which will sink; but, in a few seconds, the whole of the egg-shell,
being covered with bubbles of carbonic acid gas, will rise to the
surface, a portion of the egg will be lifted above the surface, and
MELANGE. 1738

the whole egg will slowly rotate. This rotation is formed by the
bubbles of gas forming at the under part of the egg, and over all
the submersed portions, which render them lighter than the por-
tions above the liquid level, till the under portion ascends and the
other descends,

THE MAGIC WHIRLPOOL.

Fill a glass tumbler with water, throw upon its surface a few
fragments or thin shavings of camphor, and they will instantly
begin to move and acquire a motion, both progressive and rotatory,
which will continue for a considerable time. During these rota-
tions, if the water be touched by any substance which is at all
greasy, the floating particles will quickly dart back, and, as if
by a stroke of magic, be instantly deprived of their motion and
vivacity.

In like manner, if thin slices of cork be steeped in sulphuric
ether in a closed bottle for two or three days, and then placed upon
the water, they will rotate for several minutes, like the camphor ;
until the slices of cork having discharged all their ether, and
become soaked with water, they will keep at rest.

If the water be made hot, the motion of the camphor will
be more rapid than in cold water, but it will cease in proportionately
less time. Thus, provide two glasses, one containing water at
58 degrees, and the other at 210 degrees ; place raspings of cam-
phor upon each at the same time ; the camphor in the first glass
will rotate for about five hours, until all but a very minute portion
has evaporated, while the rotation of the camphor. in the hot water
will last only nineteen minutes; about half the camphor will
pass off, and the remaining pieces, instead of being dull, white, and
174 MELANGE.

opaque, will be vitreous and transparent, and evidently soaked with
water. The gyrations, too, which at first will be very rapid, will
gradually decline in velocity, until they become quite sluggish.

The stilling influence of oil upon waves has become proverbial :
the extraordinary manner in which a small quantity of oil instantly
spreads over a very large surface of troubled water, and the
stealthy manner in which even a rough wind glides over it, must
have excited the admiration of all who have witnessed it.

By the same principle, a drop of oil may be made to stop the
motion of the camphor as follows; throw some camphor, both in
slices and in small particles, upon the surface of water, and while
they are rotating, dip a glass rod into oil of turpentine, and allow a
single drop thereof to trickle down the inner side of the glass to the
surface of the water; the camphor will instantly dart to the oppo-
site point of the liquid surface, and cease to rotate. Ifa piece of
hard tallow or lard be employed, the motion of the camphor will be
more slowly stopped than by oil or fluid grease, as the latter
spreads over the surface of the water with greater rapidity.

If a few drops of sulphuric or muriatic acid be let fall into the
water, they will gradually stop the motion of the camphor; but, if
camphor be dropped into nitric acid diluted with its own bulk
of water, it will rotate rapidly for a few seconds and then stop.

If a piece of the rotating camphor be attentively examined with
a lens, the currents of the water can be well distinguished, jetting
out, chiefly from the corners of the camphor, and bearing it round
with irregular force.

The currents, as given out by the camphor, may also be seen by
means of the microscope ; a drop or two of pure water being placed
MELANGE. 175

upon a slip of glass, with a particle of camphor floating upon it.
By this means, the currents may be detected, and it will be seen
that they cause the rotations.

Or, a flat watch-glass called a Junar, may be employed, raised a
few inches, and supported on a wire ring, kept steady by thrusting
one end into an upright piece of wood, like a retort stand. Then
put the camphor and water in the watch-glass, and place under the
frame a sheet of white paper, so that it may receive the shadow of
the glass, camphor, &c., to be cast by a steady light placed above,
and somewhat on one side of the watch-glass. On observing the
shadow, which may be considered a magnified representation of
the object itself, the rotations and currents can be distinguished.*

MAGIC PORCELAIN.

A peculiar kind of porcelain was formerly manufactured in
China, which exhibited its colour and devices only when filled with
water. Though the art of manufacturing this porcelain has been
lost, and the mode cannot now be described with accuracy, the fol-
lowing has been conjectured as not very remote from the truth.
The first requisite was that the vessel be extremely thin, so that
the figures to be formed might be sufficiently clear and perceptible.
After the vessel had been baked, the figures, which were mostly
fish (as those were most appropriate with the water), were formed
on the inside; and, after the colour had dried, a second extremely
thin coat, of the same substance as that of which the vessel was
constructed, was lain on the inside and varnished. The fish, or
other device, would then, it is evident, be enclosed between the two

* Abridged from the Magazine of Popular Science, vol. iii.
176 MELANGE.

coats of the ware of which the vessel was made, All that remained
to be done was to grind the outside of the vessel as close to the
figures as possible, to varnish it again, and bake it a second time ;
and though, after this operation, the figures and embellishments
would not be at all perceptible, yet, so soon as the vessel was filled
with water, they would at once be rendered clear and distinct to a
degree scarcely credible. Attempts have been made to revive this
beautiful art, but hitherto without success.

A GALVANIC TONGUE.

Coat the point of the tongue with tin-foil, and its middle part
with gold or silver leaf; when a sourish taste will be produced, and
the tongue will be galvanised.

DRINKING PORTER OUT OF PEWTER.

If porter be drunk out of a pewter pot, it will produce a more
brisk sensation than when it is taken out of a glass vessel, which is
ascribed to a galvanic effect. In this instance, there is a combina-
tion of one metal and two dissimilar fluids, which combination
constitutes a galvanic circle. In the act of drinking, one side of
the pewter pot is exposed to the action of the saliva, which
moistens the lip, while the other metallic side is in contact with the
porter; the circuit being thus completed, an agreeable relish is
communicated to the beverage when it comes in contact with the
tongue.

ELECTRIC OR GALVANIC PRESERVATION.

‘ Immerse a slip of copper in dilute nitric acid, and it will be
soon corroded and dissolved; but, if a slip of zinc be immersed
MELANGE. 177

with the copper, the zinc will be dissolved, and the copper remain
unaltered and uninjured.

LIGHT FROM THE DIAMOND.

Expose a fine diamond to the sunbeams, and carry it into a
dark room, when it will exhibit phosphorescence ; and it has been
stated that such diamonds as do not display this peculiarity, may
be made to do so by dipping them into melted borax.

The diamond becomes phosphorescent also when fixed to the
prime conductor of an electrical machine, and a few sparks may be
taken from it. It likewise becomes electric by friction; and
the Hon. Mr. Boyle obtained electric gleams by rubbing two dia-
monds together in the dark.

TO BREAK A STONE WITH A BLOW OF THE FIST.

Select two stones from three to six inches. long, and about half
as thick; lay one flat on the ground, on which place one end of
the other, raising the reverse end to an angle of forty-five degrees,
‘and just over the centre of the stone (with which it must form a
T,) supporting it in that position by a piece of thin twig or stick,
one, or one and a half inch long; if the raised stone be now smartly
struck about the centre, with the little finger side of the fist, the
stick will give way, and the stone will be broken to pieces: the
stones must be laid so as not to slip, otherwise the experiment will

fail.
MIMIC FROST-WORK.

Fasten a sprig of fresh rosemary, or any similar shrub, to the
inside of a small bandbox, near the top; heat a thick tile, and
sprinkle it with gum benzoic, and immediately place the bandbox

N
178 MELANGE.

over it, when the acid will be sublimed by the heat, and will con-
dense in a white vapour upon the green plant, giving it the appear-
ance of being covered with hoar frost.

TO MELT LEAD IN A PIECE OF PAPER.

Wrap up a very smooth ball of lead in a piece of paper, taking
care that there be no wrinkles in it, and that it be everywhere in
contact with the ball; if it be held in this state, over the flame of a
taper, the lead will be melted without the paper being burnt. The
lead, indeed, when once fused, will not fail in a short time to pierce
the paper, and run through.

HYDROSTATIC BALANCE.

Provide a pair of scales, in one of which place a tumbler filled
with water, and poise it by placing weights in the opposite scale ;
thep hold in the tumbler a block of wood, or any substance nearly
the size of the tumbler, but so that it shall not touch the sides or
bottom ; when, although nearly the whole of the water will have
to run over the sides, and only a spoonful may remain, the scales
will continue balanced; and all this without regard to the weight
of the body you plunge into the water, taking care to hold it
entirely clear of the tumbler, so that it touch it nowhere; for the
effect will be the same if what you plunge in be scooped hollow
and made water-tight. A bladder blown up, tied fast, and held
down in the water, so as to leave only a spoonful of water sur-
rounding it, will keep the scales balanced just as well as a block
of lead of the same size.
MELANGE. 179

METALLIC REDUCTION.

Mix a little red lead with some powdered charcoal, and with
the mixture fill the bowl of a tobacco-pipe; set it over a common
fire, and in about twenty minutes the lead will be found reduced
to its metallic state.

|

SIMPLE ELECTRICITY.



ELECTRICAL ATTRACTION AND REPULSION.

Rub a piece of amber, a stick of red sealing-wax, or a smooth
glass tube, smartly upon the sleeve of a coat, or any other dry
woollen substance, and it will attract to itself bits of straw,
paper, fragments of gold leaf, or any small and light bodies. The
amber, wax, or glass, is then said to be excited, and the attractive
power, thus developed, is called electrical attraction.

Select a clean and dry downy feather, and suspend it from a
beam by a long thread of white silk; to be used in the following
experiments :

Provide a glass tube, about three feet long and three quarters of
an inch diameter ; wipe it dry, and rub it gently with a warm silk

- handkerchief ; then apply the tube to the feather, and it will attract
180 MELANGE.

it; withdraw the tube gently, apply it again, and the feather will
be repelled for a time, but then attracted, and then again repelled.
In this case, the feather having received electricity from the glass,
is repelled by it; for bodies similarly electrified repel each other.

Fold a silk handkerchief, warm it, and with it rub the tube ;
apply it to the feather, and it will first attract and then repel it ;
when the feather has just been repelled by the silk, apply the tube,
and the feather will be attracted. The handkerchief must be folded
so thickly as to keep the hand as far as possible from the glass tube.

Roll up flannel thickly, rub it with sealing-wax, and the roll
will by turns attract and repel the feather; when thus repelled,
apply the excited wax, and it will instantly attract the feather.

When the atmosphere is dry, take in one hand a rod of glass
and in the other a stick of sealing-wax, and rub them against silk
or worsted; with one of them approach a bit of gold leaf, floating
in the air, it will first attract and then repel it. When the gold
has just been repelled, approach it with the other rod, and it will
be immediately attracted: and this alternate attraction and re-
pulsion may be strikingly displayed by placing the two excited rods
at a small distance asunder, with the gold leaf between them.

ALCHEMICAL ELECTRICITY.

Nearly fill a wine-glass with a weak solution of blue vitriol
in water, and place in it the blade of a knife and a small silver
spoon ; the knife will soon acquire a copper coating, but the spoon
will remain bright until it is touched with the blade of the knife,
when it will also become plated with copper.
MELANGE. 181

THE ELECTRIC BALLS.

Provide two small balls of equal size ; both made of gum-lac,
and cover one with gold leaf. Suspend these balls from a beam
by fine white silk threads, at a little distance from each other, so
as to allow a comparison of their motions. Then rub a stick of
red sealing-wax upon any woollen substance, or warm it, at the
fire, and present it to the balls; when it will be at once seen that
the gilt ball, which readily admits of the transfer of electricity
from one side to the other, will be sooner and more powerfully
attracted than the other ball, which allows of no motion in
its electricity. The latter ball will, however, by slow degrees be
feebly attracted, and may, at length, be made to adhere for a
considerable time to the sealing-wax.

THE ELECTRIC DANCE.

Lay on a table small pieces of paper or cotton, feathers, or
gold-leaf; then rub with a silk handkerchief a glass tube, hold it
parallel to the table, and the several pieces will be alternately at-
tracted and repelled, and a kind of electrical dance will be kept up.

If to the further end of the tube you hang a brass ball, by
a thread of linen, hemp, or metallic wire, the ball will participate
in the magic power of the rubbed tube; but if the ball be sus-
pended by a cord of silk, worsted, or hair, or be attached by
wax or pitch, the attractive and repulsive properties of the rod
will not pass into the ball.

ELECTRIC LIGHT.

Shake a barometer in a dark room, and light will be produced
in the empty part of it by the friction of the quicksilver electrifying
182 MELANGE.

the glass tube. Even the friction of air upon glass is attended by
electricity, as has been found by blowing upon a dry plate of glass
with a pair of bellows.

ELECTRIC LIGHT FROM BROWN PAPER.

Provide a piece of thick brown paper, thoroughly dry and
warm; rub the paper briskly in a dark room, and there will dart
forth flashes of electric light to the fingers, to a key, or to any
other conductor that may be presented to it.

Heat a small portion of sulphate of quinine in a spoon over the
flame of a lamp, and it will become luminous and highly electrical.

SUDDEN PRODUCTION OF LIGHT.

Take apiece of dry and warm wood into a dark room, sud-
denly rend it asunder, and a flash of light will be perceived. The
same effect may likewise be produced by suddenly snapping
asunder a stick of sealing-wax in the dark.

Or, break a Prince Rupert’s drop, and electrical light will per-
vade the whole, so that its form will be distinctly visible in
the dark. The light will appear, even if the experiment be made
under water.

ELECTRICITY OF THE CAT.

Place your left hand upon the throat of the cat, and, with the
middle finger and the thumb, press slightly the bones of the
animal’s shoulders ; then, if the right hand be gently passed along
the back, perceptible shocks of electricity will be felt in the left
hand. Shocks may also be obtained by touching the tips of the
ears after rubbing the back. If the colour of the cat be black, and
MELANGE. 183

the experiment be made in a dark room, the electric sparks may
be very plainly seen.

Very distinct discharges of electricity may also be obtained by
touching the tips of the ears, after applying friction to the back ;
and the same may be obtained from the foot. Placing the cat on
your knees, apply your right hand to the back; the left fore paw
resting on the palm of your left hand, apply the thumb to the upper
side of the paw, so as to extend the claws, and, by this means, bring
your fore-finger into contact with one of the bones of the leg, where
it joins the paw; when, from the knob or end of this bone, the finger
slightly pressing on it, you may feel distinctly successive shocks,
similar to those obtained from the ears.

It is, perhaps, unnecessary to add, that, in order to this experi-
ment being conveniently performed, the experimenter must be on
good terms with the cat.


WHITEHEAD AND COMP, PRINTERS,
76, FLEET STREET, LONDON.






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DISSEMINATION IEID 'E20090911_AAABAY' PACKAGE 'UF00001712_00001' INGEST_TIME '2009-09-11T00:40:24-04:00'
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT 'UF' PROJECT 'UFDC'
DISSEMINATION_REQUEST NAME 'disseminate request placed' TIME '2013-12-09T18:02:36-05:00' NOTE 'request id: 300088; Dissemination from Lois and also Judy Russel see RT# 21871' AGENT 'Stephen'
finished' '2013-12-11T18:48:11-05:00' '' 'SYSTEM'
FILES
FILE SIZE '1401591' DFID 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCST' ORIGIN 'DEPOSITOR' PATH 'sip-files00000.jp2'
MESSAGE_DIGEST ALGORITHM 'MD5' e9418947253779609b9508b1d56b5476
'SHA-1' dcea0698cd258a244115986d3dc8f07023620d66
EVENT '2012-03-31T21:56:02-04:00' OUTCOME 'success'
PROCEDURE describe
'91768' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCSU' 'sip-files00000.jpg'
8fcb27a0a387e65cfbd95e26c25274a6
3cc2b490e0ef0d088511ef2369e72e97d22b0435
'2012-03-31T21:50:14-04:00'
describe
'19736' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCSV' 'sip-files00000.QC.jpg'
5e6063bbfd84e7ce1a7f9d6c8abd298c
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'2012-03-31T21:53:24-04:00'
describe
'33639458' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCSW' 'sip-files00000.tif'
fa9c03c42058d4542c1be202dca0672a
0abb62e3168944845e7602fc6f6b0771502b7465
'2012-03-31T21:49:56-04:00'
describe
'4956' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCSX' 'sip-files00000thm.jpg'
02041eae3f8bb712df158183aefc7714
5f0e20d2dfbd3adcd407b4e8d4e2ecbd1ca9c9bb
'2012-03-31T21:54:07-04:00'
describe
'280836' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCSY' 'sip-files00001.jp2'
bd560c493a34bcd5053d5c08711ca358
14d2f703be973c59d8ca950bad169497face6460
'2012-03-31T21:54:41-04:00'
describe
'54715' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCSZ' 'sip-files00001.jpg'
3eefad773fb9078a91a0e9390ee2a7f1
2b1da7461c1d4b7d1b9cf6eb0b9c2d646a01e3e0
'2012-03-31T21:55:27-04:00'
describe
'30289' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTA' 'sip-files00001.QC.jpg'
a5bf6037cb188874990aa3a3b8b985c6
55111793213b3c6d28fa5b714d75b53c9ed5e273
'2012-03-31T21:52:11-04:00'
describe
'2265956' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTB' 'sip-files00001.tif'
7c30cb23f9cfc348b98e640536d07641
171ce600ffb9942e076b043f88f4685aa2af2e41
'2012-03-31T21:51:45-04:00'
describe
'22590' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTC' 'sip-files00001thm.jpg'
20c5e7b4263d816917835f024d0d5f5b
48e4a7d87bdeeb0c4f4fad437aee3a5ec7d159a0
'2012-03-31T21:56:14-04:00'
describe
'267704' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTD' 'sip-files00002.jp2'
6418015b9abf75ce4930bccf0c66c03e
9275d0e9d879a85b4fcfce224e671463d0a1d536
'2012-03-31T21:52:05-04:00'
describe
'68132' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTE' 'sip-files00002.jpg'
cf25cc3d76bbd474422d0c8d4b630d4e
42e853e86857679e6f3b30d6bcb7dc3cdcaa96b3
'2012-03-31T21:52:10-04:00'
describe
'37054' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTF' 'sip-files00002.QC.jpg'
fee218546967e8bde15311468b6048c6
0639b9b0dbc9bef3e81d5f761c1e63a5b35666b4
'2012-03-31T21:53:43-04:00'
describe
'2163212' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTG' 'sip-files00002.tif'
98c649468194c821ef34277b62fec435
7ce00bf89299b6e9b7b231cbaafa18555f0fe8ce
'2012-03-31T21:56:13-04:00'
describe
'26510' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTH' 'sip-files00002thm.jpg'
e486e6fb937558d003aca11de7266328
f4c3b7e3a3d287a1bf56963a4103f4258c4cb956
'2012-03-31T21:51:23-04:00'
describe
'213739' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTI' 'sip-files00004.jp2'
0ca519f47376f6d6f88316e7ec189225
bf403bda109594b17bdcbc992cbabe950a4de56d
'2012-03-31T21:53:37-04:00'
describe
'46757' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTJ' 'sip-files00004.jpg'
4a1c5957600bb913828e347bedd2433b
93c7e6cd68f1718a940480817347eca5094a8774
'2012-03-31T21:50:12-04:00'
describe
'628' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTK' 'sip-files00004.pro'
2b0954bf3e0d39014d1e5bbbf4b12c11
26a250b7ec3d073ed7b90589d6857810e57654a7
'2012-03-31T21:53:27-04:00'
describe
'26687' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTL' 'sip-files00004.QC.jpg'
b5c48db130fc094669b0d1f42cb75d20
41982287db3e8df576c8bce48fee5bc3d095333d
'2012-03-31T21:54:08-04:00'
describe
'1728328' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTM' 'sip-files00004.tif'
2f42072aa70c3d5d8813e5848d3f631a
af1a7b4ba60b91484de30b700631f8a08a2d3ba2
'2012-03-31T21:52:24-04:00'
describe
'51' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTN' 'sip-files00004.txt'
f39ba11b710c406973a487969e219585
fa385573b54da2d4fdeb03b30780b6a9dcca1c4c
'2012-03-31T21:51:00-04:00'
describe
'20791' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTO' 'sip-files00004thm.jpg'
973bc9589a299444b0378ec58c3bfa25
4ff5d93a38b1f8fd800b15827b4eadc9c6f7db92
'2012-03-31T21:52:42-04:00'
describe
'248019' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTP' 'sip-files00006.jp2'
3b312268136050d6c791c04aa667255d
526f6eb5e62fd82b773f613065002cfde32e193e
'2012-03-31T21:54:49-04:00'
describe
'153439' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTQ' 'sip-files00006.jpg'
5449b740936f060cd735ecb8ee36c65c
0964d0b769220447af450ea3d8100331e131fce3
'2012-03-31T21:56:08-04:00'
describe
'2042' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTR' 'sip-files00006.pro'
a3a6a7ee508353dd97c23777a8913b67
b3e819aa7f0644060817a52f603d20f82dadb020
describe
'64561' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTS' 'sip-files00006.QC.jpg'
d698857d471a6024b58a31ddbfdbca57
61c89cfe13c853d70204fa1e37df4c6907f71c58
'2012-03-31T21:54:40-04:00'
describe
'2008368' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTT' 'sip-files00006.tif'
e32ee92fd31c625eff72b83ed4b9e8cb
089041615c131cdbef543366638dd713780013ec
describe
'203' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTU' 'sip-files00006.txt'
608bc749fd18d08b7afed4a5abef9a4f
54a6e69114150e59ef07ea05a81487454b5d0484
describe
WARNING CODE 'Daitss::Anomaly' Invalid character
'35081' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTV' 'sip-files00006thm.jpg'
fcb42f026c6af87e86214cdd36de0414
e1f724f9ad97b111620f5031cc60de375cc85f33
'2012-03-31T21:52:00-04:00'
describe
'240084' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTW' 'sip-files00008.jp2'
c6b3191ec41f2ba55d5d9a6eecce8f02
029dd36cf57e2e54a2f6679617eb18cb9450d3ca
'2012-03-31T21:52:06-04:00'
describe
'119535' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTX' 'sip-files00008.jpg'
b767c0c9aa5fa7ed7ea2b88e5ff3c8b2
efd6d5eb9a7276a5288b6174da1a497c3eceb76a
'2012-03-31T21:52:15-04:00'
describe
'15614' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTY' 'sip-files00008.pro'
7b56462289b4f0dfa643d447e8ad9c94
ba4407d0c398ebaeeeea0a5559360a04b9302222
'2012-03-31T21:51:49-04:00'
describe
'58213' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCTZ' 'sip-files00008.QC.jpg'
2754e469c211532c7e146cff4889bdad
9c2c0452e0568430c5318b36d73e8a23c6ed6068
'2012-03-31T21:55:50-04:00'
describe
'1944676' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUA' 'sip-files00008.tif'
b0a9f0bae957b04c95f3fa8badbcf1e1
49ddff2b9a9737321bd566ea729356846008b860
'2012-03-31T21:50:46-04:00'
describe
'672' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUB' 'sip-files00008.txt'
fca47f9a2ad08cde493215fcf1297f3e
fd934abeee66843ecc4088456cdc1e3ed957ce44
describe
'33413' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUC' 'sip-files00008thm.jpg'
aa25e3d916cb5003f64c1f62bf714621
3ad96f7999e27a7a98e97fd3953daf3b565e2869
'2012-03-31T21:53:03-04:00'
describe
'248272' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUD' 'sip-files00009.jp2'
4ed94684b9650a6020b658e58da24089
ee7e9814e6c2ff3c2dc427975eb4167b056a3b5f
'2012-03-31T21:52:41-04:00'
describe
'114528' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUE' 'sip-files00009.jpg'
5110a38d16d4cda01f169348468d63db
da40a8d2c82b5b9d51b859c08f3372ae356a9a4d
'2012-03-31T21:52:23-04:00'
describe
'24617' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUF' 'sip-files00009.pro'
f0f3978bb2739c203494a7120307a184
91105d1d91983aba4d5e3c22bd2871d7cf8f2227
'2012-03-31T21:49:47-04:00'
describe
'58269' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUG' 'sip-files00009.QC.jpg'
e65eb9684dce7c44b5c459ef8f0d2b20
a4f6d3c021ad0f268f8fc457749094a9ecb461ae
'2012-03-31T21:54:56-04:00'
describe
'2010316' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUH' 'sip-files00009.tif'
ddf55fafb575df7753dbb0fdafb49db6
1fe7ce5d33b892c7845c36658cfaa02356b37d41
'2012-03-31T21:50:59-04:00'
describe
'977' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUI' 'sip-files00009.txt'
2f5373c34fadd738bc24a30681619e20
d252b580985fc6625fdd3a3a468e5ae7b2463855
'2012-03-31T21:52:56-04:00'
describe
'34086' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUJ' 'sip-files00009thm.jpg'
8dd4b79a96d0d72252f8bbbf8f9836f7
db24ad2b5de8bcaa856082e071dc6eb8ee64244e
'2012-03-31T21:54:30-04:00'
describe
'247231' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUK' 'sip-files00010.jp2'
29e0561f25d1a69250218a613212ac08
6d17482f1300287089a3149a1d90e37b3ce0e986
'2012-03-31T21:50:11-04:00'
describe
'102226' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUL' 'sip-files00010.jpg'
78b3b96ccdd413202ce8a222e3d77831
fac555f7361d670a50c312b6c07970d600c15f58
'2012-03-31T21:54:09-04:00'
describe
'6023' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUM' 'sip-files00010.pro'
5ec20570a4ec35bc8e5a7dd6f4957e47
128d29888830a134ba8acfa578c3ef16ae92200f
'2012-03-31T21:52:19-04:00'
describe
'48488' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUN' 'sip-files00010.QC.jpg'
14f959324c6ba8460244ab08bd65d1a0
9b7a7db4194601ac9bc93302db68045473004912
'2012-03-31T21:53:21-04:00'
describe
'2000356' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUO' 'sip-files00010.tif'
3f4110a9ccbff4a86f1a3b530533ef4b
aed3cbc06f3ca6ea00253daf1b2ec5c1e31c9919
'2012-03-31T21:50:55-04:00'
describe
'288' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUP' 'sip-files00010.txt'
861c19b1b05c2d5fd716573b844f92cc
8f32cd28a225195691f878a3ae491114e11ac9cf
'2012-03-31T21:53:42-04:00'
describe
'29701' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUQ' 'sip-files00010thm.jpg'
b5e9ff2cc3d6c334ebe1742ec2928000
445448b2ec92a5efd513e553f263ab02f1bfc32b
'2012-03-31T21:50:13-04:00'
describe
'1639' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUR' 'sip-files00011.jp2'
17257f96e201ee66d96f055feb8061a7
ca825bfb36ade1b7ea952d1463526a55cd172e19
'2012-03-31T21:52:55-04:00'
describe
'20692' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUS' 'sip-files00011.jpg'
0cfc17ff7cf1437c1b8becaf1abc3c9e
a48a5b36e86c64012e1a0445e7830ffcbb95a1bb
'2012-03-31T21:55:08-04:00'
describe
'19011' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUT' 'sip-files00011.QC.jpg'
b1e4fbc8003c1e2dcc9e6ef7fd82df2b
8119f4f245dc5cce7a6b25c4dd9ba4fb62ce79cd
'2012-03-31T21:55:06-04:00'
describe
'1877920' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUU' 'sip-files00011.tif'
103b4a27a861df4a18cce626b47880b4
ec2c46cdbee817e7a7fd4995f729e435742973aa
'2012-03-31T21:53:28-04:00'
describe
'18574' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUV' 'sip-files00011thm.jpg'
0206a01206c58b0ba9bf41bd7207297f
0fcf7ecd32ad16b10897a815a46c460d75b35ebb
'2012-03-31T21:54:19-04:00'
describe
'246978' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUW' 'sip-files00012.jp2'
feaf48f221921cc3c291374197cb689b
fa6d5eba344bc4f160846e675d09f7c663c186fe
'2012-03-31T21:51:47-04:00'
describe
'164649' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUX' 'sip-files00012.jpg'
bc0b615730718000feddf5d2733e9fed
5404c837d82d56aad7f14e62c275ad52f366c9e0
'2012-03-31T21:49:32-04:00'
describe
'53142' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUY' 'sip-files00012.pro'
db82f0f6a910b413676bb0e7b5704890
443b102f8b68a0d63bbab5c4d0a0815546f38f3a
'2012-03-31T21:50:29-04:00'
describe
'70113' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCUZ' 'sip-files00012.QC.jpg'
36fbc03ae12559b761a50ef7787cd768
9da199154e7958dbb64dc7aaa2100cbe57a881c4
'2012-03-31T21:51:54-04:00'
describe
'2000900' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVA' 'sip-files00012.tif'
bba9e3b873fba6fffe44cc2a45dd1578
4113a6a392ec8c093bd493e2ee4014380cf7f919
'2012-03-31T21:50:56-04:00'
describe
'2196' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVB' 'sip-files00012.txt'
2ecf7393139e245194b0937aa2a90b21
9a93842c0e488ddd6baeada4d6d12c4c7b2e2b9c
'2012-03-31T21:50:20-04:00'
describe
'35486' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVC' 'sip-files00012thm.jpg'
d2241863ff23072714fb221df27a4398
deff54996f585486ad3e31c01c8026bc4377579a
'2012-03-31T21:50:16-04:00'
describe
'250937' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVD' 'sip-files00013.jp2'
58c6c1b336d86c4f60f6a12c6e6dcaf6
6393b3a966ac8a32403b2fb46d46534286dba441
'2012-03-31T21:55:09-04:00'
describe
'170670' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVE' 'sip-files00013.jpg'
21f212bb599162ce569cf2ae1d418b50
7d43092af38355017fc1d22675e780716302d582
'2012-03-31T21:55:25-04:00'
describe
'80317' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVF' 'sip-files00013.pro'
dce3d9631f6659e0cdfe99242d362a54
72fa425cc8a8b652142111b04312b61c6e41d223
'2012-03-31T21:51:38-04:00'
describe
'71944' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVG' 'sip-files00013.QC.jpg'
25e0190b4276d3d50e135b48de8449ad
4a5689e9bc7759cc5d2555d5b478324f6a545da1
'2012-03-31T21:51:21-04:00'
describe
'2032080' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVH' 'sip-files00013.tif'
8ee9418f82d2de6288e26da10b086fe4
08c31b89351a6b60b707acb65e84eff9ddff7f1b
'2012-03-31T21:55:46-04:00'
describe
'3324' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVI' 'sip-files00013.txt'
8c546ceb1381b6429bc49f08af24f207
9530df45ed50996a36739e56d77d6f8b6e74febb
'2012-03-31T21:50:49-04:00'
describe
'35624' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVJ' 'sip-files00013thm.jpg'
2e9d26d3043a0da3f5176d87c201b275
297e44d3bdc2e8747d710a6f53611a31f748f141
describe
'247196' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVK' 'sip-files00014.jp2'
c01702e22d0b921d4cab2da904fd1036
132298d89abad4cec0174f98aee6e0d6a1153825
'2012-03-31T21:52:53-04:00'
describe
'175621' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVL' 'sip-files00014.jpg'
ab4f0927eabb381ba834e69e15e3178a
fe8a33d225693b03563fcfd16ffbbfe00c8ee7c7
'2012-03-31T21:54:46-04:00'
describe
'76931' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVM' 'sip-files00014.pro'
fbc48f71ab709cf20e4a0967cc9c6b8f
3cf37ce1a767c225971e4f82d48e934f32bbffa2
'2012-03-31T21:53:15-04:00'
describe
'74003' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVN' 'sip-files00014.QC.jpg'
5fa411ba595990bfbba09cf711c3b671
c6b702425ba4fe2d832ee48439212996321154df
'2012-03-31T21:51:34-04:00'
describe
'2003116' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVO' 'sip-files00014.tif'
2d619ecdf395c5daed423fe0bca80e68
6c68b6e2ae30473fe99b64916023eab709cc86f2
'2012-03-31T21:55:07-04:00'
describe
'3214' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVP' 'sip-files00014.txt'
4dca34e4e10002c9b5513fb26fc02d78
89b1e88eb1938e708eb46a84c8d3f5205ff5497f
'2012-03-31T21:50:32-04:00'
describe
'36180' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVQ' 'sip-files00014thm.jpg'
a01c559c4d49a16ec31c7ff1a1d3b320
a781748dcb945c4f1b538ff88347f65ae54d9847
'2012-03-31T21:50:42-04:00'
describe
'257440' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVR' 'sip-files00015.jp2'
cd8216131e83cfc712b65b5428b187b2
93449f60d4b9d91656258e11bdeec41fc76db1a8
'2012-03-31T21:52:20-04:00'
describe
'169396' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVS' 'sip-files00015.jpg'
6b5d89bbaa5755f24b90060efeb0a6eb
8b030c1944a9d9d5f4c02e76f7b13a12cebb7b22
'2012-03-31T21:50:36-04:00'
describe
'76091' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVT' 'sip-files00015.pro'
716ff8d5db9ea4977634915b03a20e21
62b99e875079f9cedd6aa22c0c19b36caf19012e
'2012-03-31T21:55:18-04:00'
describe
'70642' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVU' 'sip-files00015.QC.jpg'
fb67c1e809cf656649ee538aa115ee3a
550c30fd62e929d03d102e92832f4b848dcdbc8d
describe
'2084364' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVV' 'sip-files00015.tif'
33e16e07b5bb694fcba5346945c2d1b2
a6133eb34aff0046fb988ff3574d7c56023426fc
'2012-03-31T21:52:30-04:00'
describe
'3126' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVW' 'sip-files00015.txt'
2542e1aceae3a92d115a9a5053cabeba
92428e0c5d771a687e17bd7cf9e42426c24650d7
'2012-03-31T21:53:50-04:00'
describe
'35517' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVX' 'sip-files00015thm.jpg'
a56ec72fcec6ef96be47aa6d078d7ef0
e55b6c0ffc6a694315320b27a62752109c28cdb4
'2012-03-31T21:50:27-04:00'
describe
'244889' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVY' 'sip-files00016.jp2'
cf2dcf46c7f841c95cfdfcffbc0ffeea
8964403f85666bdeb995ba7edf8331aec304fbe6
'2012-03-31T21:53:32-04:00'
describe
'187716' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCVZ' 'sip-files00016.jpg'
ca0cf6bb294a6ee78df22e09eb19b9f3
285706273851acdb75ccfdc1182a0622ca1fbae9
'2012-03-31T21:52:22-04:00'
describe
'79281' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWA' 'sip-files00016.pro'
ebafa5e4830f9e0b16837bcbdcbf1cf5
72ee6184ad1eed85bb82e7ed7782c252f2239ce8
describe
'76387' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWB' 'sip-files00016.QC.jpg'
aea36f0f280c3dfa225946af4e41449a
e0cfa4aeb0c28e873e41ef6008523c4774467e08
describe
'1984312' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWC' 'sip-files00016.tif'
f2ae7bc63e0ae328f28d640cdd09848b
720716e935b1a8114099f173096e14016fedf790
describe
'3359' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWD' 'sip-files00016.txt'
d8aa9209863a6bb65e43e364d72bf128
9d89bc6d452fc28c15c2406d171cd432aed0e9b0
'2012-03-31T21:49:48-04:00'
describe
'37024' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWE' 'sip-files00016thm.jpg'
c09439c6d672f3c1bbe6522c86b614de
bea96dd30930cf51a1492c4b5733e5086f2fade8
'2012-03-31T21:54:17-04:00'
describe
'261261' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWF' 'sip-files00017.jp2'
99425687a62a5ae03d9aafbab46dc108
ce1b0e3113c09d13e59d75b03eb3ec101607ed17
'2012-03-31T21:55:33-04:00'
describe
'131767' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWG' 'sip-files00017.jpg'
538429c83eeaa44fc9d07bd4a0b7018b
558558d1f764a2c60e31cdc627ccf9569fa143e8
'2012-03-31T21:51:05-04:00'
describe
'56459' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWH' 'sip-files00017.pro'
da11b406bb990613088f3add8898b5d7
de6bd073f0adde70828eb7707b298472d9a0747c
'2012-03-31T21:49:45-04:00'
describe
'56834' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWI' 'sip-files00017.QC.jpg'
65d080eaea34cfa2214c844d69d66aba
0d7e6c223c5622fd838c921fbf883a8d18a2f92a
describe
'2114724' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWJ' 'sip-files00017.tif'
8494eeea8f8eead34defdebecfa374eb
bcc364dcee46dca423aeb475160c975b02f2baf6
'2012-03-31T21:56:00-04:00'
describe
'2290' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWK' 'sip-files00017.txt'
27a8547310cae005da877b0311e77667
fc35aca7b8020ce5a3f9bda7173326cbcf1c7b55
'2012-03-31T21:50:24-04:00'
describe
'31167' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWL' 'sip-files00017thm.jpg'
06b1d8e5ed8f7d1f51be80e74123e173
8c686eeceeb8b0ad28dab300f35b3ae77bc01ab7
'2012-03-31T21:52:36-04:00'
describe
'235043' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWM' 'sip-files00018.jp2'
b6f0df3434d79704b40bb66bd356b09f
b61f38b5e4e403f2bedf72e8b7c40ceb451a1f62
'2012-03-31T21:52:16-04:00'
describe
'83956' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWN' 'sip-files00018.jpg'
1b9dfcf5e2efacb6ee6d1070570dfbc7
878dbd6680f6e8ed83200483c39e0752c52ccf78
'2012-03-31T21:55:28-04:00'
describe
'726' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWO' 'sip-files00018.pro'
5862e75dae2d7db36dd02eb42e4c20ac
e14f08d186f4336ddfc887860799f5d30925033b
'2012-03-31T21:55:26-04:00'
describe
'39629' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWP' 'sip-files00018.QC.jpg'
f4a8de5ec9be1d855aa5b99e33ffc06d
c43a1eb3c6aaa0953b78af995f112440ec262a72
'2012-03-31T21:55:49-04:00'
describe
'1900832' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWQ' 'sip-files00018.tif'
efddc25ed2b74e65d3c1da65f01c0dcd
26b0058bdb7774c4381cde68e317b79deaa17c00
'2012-03-31T21:49:43-04:00'
describe
'56' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWR' 'sip-files00018.txt'
e95c072c88fe54c107dafa0cd7cc7f30
7391cb3c52a9c0060743dbc664179a13a4f05f4d
'2012-03-31T21:55:52-04:00'
describe
'25590' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWS' 'sip-files00018thm.jpg'
b10e06588df2dc2916d0b1ea2a74785b
fb955307ad1e8d93fc4e4d78ed7f66bb25c32c36
describe
'238344' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWT' 'sip-files00020.jp2'
c874ac60f81e8d4e6538865cebf4d89b
c2a78729b6d3b91730e0491c2c9017ce8eddf820
'2012-03-31T21:52:08-04:00'
describe
'183872' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWU' 'sip-files00020.jpg'
bcc281f2e00def3844df492e2edca17f
18e90cafe099c52574d6e92fc88824c1cd4aeca2
'2012-03-31T21:52:02-04:00'
describe
'23129' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWV' 'sip-files00020.pro'
f2755926d8a21e44d3a849493e539721
c95609381f69990688247bf2010433c7fdcb097a
'2012-03-31T21:56:01-04:00'
describe
'77127' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWW' 'sip-files00020.QC.jpg'
afa8be40059fd49393f85bc2dd988fb3
3f77ea5f28bed0397b8e70b00b8d5b8daf570998
'2012-03-31T21:50:07-04:00'
describe
'1931600' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWX' 'sip-files00020.tif'
9f7ad234f7b8906a38931edb990dd250
20837aefbf336e6074495957eb38d80e5396d47b
'2012-03-31T21:50:41-04:00'
describe
'1120' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWY' 'sip-files00020.txt'
424167269c125a2fe2d3550bfb2b9fc0
701dcbd0d7e50b0fe8ba9427a343fd072492ee10
'2012-03-31T21:50:51-04:00'
describe
'37891' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCWZ' 'sip-files00020thm.jpg'
1744faf2757e05f89f74cba81f236478
cf9799d98b41318920778e1caebe03e6948c5c62
describe
'236719' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXA' 'sip-files00021.jp2'
57a73d8a495a578594b6d672ba7ebbd7
9493e31b6b05443f726d972aff399095601cd7a9
'2012-03-31T21:49:36-04:00'
describe
'161268' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXB' 'sip-files00021.jpg'
796faa9f569b87238680a40aa3ecc7e9
7c96d0fd2c2c5ab797c1fbec61f3febbac54d2ca
'2012-03-31T21:53:05-04:00'
describe
'39385' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXC' 'sip-files00021.pro'
bdb83ddd3d8079aee38afd5b27b3b543
02ae937f22c58a01ad1298d700971e31b386109b
'2012-03-31T21:50:28-04:00'
describe
'74290' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXD' 'sip-files00021.QC.jpg'
684d46b4ffcc69471d4a407d9bd7735b
07e680c4fcad439c299b53218263d2397f43be63
'2012-03-31T21:49:58-04:00'
describe
'1919132' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXE' 'sip-files00021.tif'
86aa767a2f10de20c3e2ad598accae70
dc36d2bb9d57d59aa5278e6fa482b0148095e089
describe
'1664' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXF' 'sip-files00021.txt'
46d4e2b4078f852fc1ae2f0a41cb0076
583bd9394ae153c39dac8e79ed3b675153029f8e
describe
'38283' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXG' 'sip-files00021thm.jpg'
95c7ce1fc451f9b1ab7341dda4bbdb8c
98ac01520c02a9365afbea23d8db5a31ffcebb6d
'2012-03-31T21:52:09-04:00'
describe
'233537' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXH' 'sip-files00022.jp2'
06616e5fc4bd871a9aec34feadf815da
bd40e1f9552fcfd89e844610ef21a9aa248b9f74
'2012-03-31T21:55:23-04:00'
describe
'167808' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXI' 'sip-files00022.jpg'
fb58a16c008b5a007f33e1bacbb25922
de9f68af3a42ca246bdfd9e9a76d019a160038ee
'2012-03-31T21:51:02-04:00'
describe
'39180' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXJ' 'sip-files00022.pro'
795b70e132a8f6aa9dfceecdb0f910b3
1df75605a5d6a831e5e520fb36cf8e09e8096a1d
'2012-03-31T21:50:58-04:00'
describe
'77081' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXK' 'sip-files00022.QC.jpg'
b552896ca1f0aa461d0be7f8b14c394a
fd9901e03f7d4a49ca050a86a44223f29e2ccbca
'2012-03-31T21:54:42-04:00'
describe
'1894172' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXL' 'sip-files00022.tif'
596acb0e0ff33834dbb290bfd3bc32b0
a2b9910f024ed54859dedc8af2f4d1c0aa13055e
'2012-03-31T21:54:39-04:00'
describe
'1691' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXM' 'sip-files00022.txt'
f0655074c5127ab1aefc20b5d99baca3
3295f5c7c763f55a05a66d8b9e7e78c58e226d9c
'2012-03-31T21:51:08-04:00'
describe
'38673' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXN' 'sip-files00022thm.jpg'
4944cd09dc496014bb55aa22b2840ad9
0b758d1dbceea514e85dc268491a01116ba3df4d
'2012-03-31T21:55:45-04:00'
describe
'240399' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXO' 'sip-files00023.jp2'
125f2f999f5a44bd7e06ea1fd89a6c48
71750efca425deaad43ba534e8fb09d90be9b0b2
'2012-03-31T21:55:31-04:00'
describe
'167353' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXP' 'sip-files00023.jpg'
135e3b2891c4bb1b5d16fe6fc6b5176f
ce473efbc9656eefdf26e80711e80ebe754261c9
'2012-03-31T21:55:34-04:00'
describe
'34358' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXQ' 'sip-files00023.pro'
ca17475498e7b18dc03171f881b80e61
0cdfbc4a8544720d52e367a44799d852d2004a1b
'2012-03-31T21:52:37-04:00'
describe
'76725' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXR' 'sip-files00023.QC.jpg'
bdbb53121feacc40b0e28850497b33cb
caf1e83cd7deeb98597641d926ba1bd4c901a0a3
'2012-03-31T21:52:46-04:00'
describe
'1948376' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXS' 'sip-files00023.tif'
d64252922a2072f966fca9f8f419bd39
19abd6c3eb6ff3097fbf9051d1cd1c9e59189ca1
'2012-03-31T21:55:30-04:00'
describe
'1740' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXT' 'sip-files00023.txt'
ab157cd8bbf1fce7f33bbf5bcfd9ae16
c308ba403a9b82df4dddafb539481d47887ee90d
describe
'38581' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXU' 'sip-files00023thm.jpg'
5ae1614f73c015ded1ea6520f8199151
c1cdcf4c778381d3447023888f5cdcd26a2f3dce
describe
'229993' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXV' 'sip-files00024.jp2'
1a116c0d31c4b907f4f2fe670258cf29
2570063fd31fc766946ac02a00953feb2b58156b
'2012-03-31T21:50:05-04:00'
describe
'156869' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXW' 'sip-files00024.jpg'
12019a2068c545996ee7bb18f282fab0
dd6106b8b1bddf51bf746853ba177e6280d08422
'2012-03-31T21:56:12-04:00'
describe
'35677' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXX' 'sip-files00024.pro'
f4195c001061cf26e99a7fd75f266af1
4707c5c91ce5f2598415f8d47e8fa8beec73bd5d
'2012-03-31T21:51:59-04:00'
describe
'73273' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXY' 'sip-files00024.QC.jpg'
ad087bed6c691cc18726d56b4aace09d
61aae776a0194ebb2d92b97e8dd9e5cfcca0d698
'2012-03-31T21:54:12-04:00'
describe
'1865184' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCXZ' 'sip-files00024.tif'
997a98b91739221dc150064e24c03a31
b1d5bcda745acd1494ea971043407fc190c2c798
describe
'1542' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYA' 'sip-files00024.txt'
f553644f775792ca87fa66a3a854fad2
178ea65d43634ed84a9a503a7a30d8531a609ff1
'2012-03-31T21:52:59-04:00'
describe
'38324' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYB' 'sip-files00024thm.jpg'
4d46418b716dd3c63486c94962dd8a90
9aa643a05e63eb459a49fa7efc173ed762b35a78
'2012-03-31T21:49:44-04:00'
describe
'239229' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYC' 'sip-files00025.jp2'
4648d1b06a522316c1a4f43b8b237153
3084d879ae0e67514b2e1f277b8e1170f71ea134
'2012-03-31T21:53:29-04:00'
describe
'158653' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYD' 'sip-files00025.jpg'
355007ba5c47f2d19ae32f8043a74af3
404688632b3a4fb154bdb4f4a3d8865487c430ec
'2012-03-31T21:49:37-04:00'
describe
'37188' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYE' 'sip-files00025.pro'
66f6e70739e006539f92383b0f68e5ab
354f8779d391b891c1625efb9d6fac662778007e
'2012-03-31T21:55:19-04:00'
describe
'73252' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYF' 'sip-files00025.QC.jpg'
538ba4d8a4798da73b9e699dd010ac98
ecec1b2356d6cda9a6bc417bbd95dc5e1cf5a56a
'2012-03-31T21:55:17-04:00'
describe
'1939248' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYG' 'sip-files00025.tif'
737d417bc09df4071cd6c65aab55e488
d20f041277b60a6ee8c9915c3c0f38b9995ce754
describe
'1556' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYH' 'sip-files00025.txt'
3b2140c2277ecf5af1b664e55aeb5a96
ac0ea1316b24842799638542233ce9ac1200f4a0
'2012-03-31T21:53:02-04:00'
describe
'38074' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYI' 'sip-files00025thm.jpg'
795e889395681f3b4547a3d27b507ba0
b98ae1a784d3019a3dc9a920fa2bf17027029be9
'2012-03-31T21:53:20-04:00'
describe
'226681' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYJ' 'sip-files00026.jp2'
7b79187fab723c961ded85f32240b4e1
1eacc7fa99873ee7d950c50ec1d059e11dfa44b7
'2012-03-31T21:53:12-04:00'
describe
'159129' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYK' 'sip-files00026.jpg'
fe1ff65212dad9eb8361c8cfa420f5b6
05af9076ef05d78b10ef65bb749eed6593f0844b
describe
'38145' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYL' 'sip-files00026.pro'
39daf21fbaf2e82af5607e332857d6bd
31d73ebc2a9b223280dc13298e903f7da79305cb
'2012-03-31T21:53:22-04:00'
describe
'76102' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYM' 'sip-files00026.QC.jpg'
c6f8f37e21824e569c3f43e910b5f39f
1b1eda4caa1e75fcb198f58ff9fdb438f2162143
'2012-03-31T21:53:00-04:00'
describe
'1838628' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYN' 'sip-files00026.tif'
f9fc57c9c0a5b72aa504ce7f5cca5290
45fbf3229e0fefd2b483164f3a34332fdd6701c7
'2012-03-31T21:50:31-04:00'
describe
'1619' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYO' 'sip-files00026.txt'
95ff3633576270a7bab3fd8fe2cebc54
5ab7ae952369d0f194986025673c891efb6b5a58
'2012-03-31T21:53:38-04:00'
describe
Invalid character
'38304' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYP' 'sip-files00026thm.jpg'
7772f811b4217eeabe0c57b06abd9a50
ae1b909d7ec696c9b3ffb0715dcd16078c17ecbc
'2012-03-31T21:53:07-04:00'
describe
'239538' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYQ' 'sip-files00027.jp2'
1b889a32c90ec688354641aa341320e7
d28288610d0795feb4ddc95a5a4017eb36a01e79
'2012-03-31T21:53:41-04:00'
describe
'147935' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYR' 'sip-files00027.jpg'
38889efc2318c359ca46e2926737692f
f281dd724307c41866b3a7c791e503b661566505
'2012-03-31T21:51:52-04:00'
describe
'33889' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYS' 'sip-files00027.pro'
4f70fa78f3602a661158072607eca7c1
a785a69b542463cf097841699981ad52b77f7366
'2012-03-31T21:51:24-04:00'
describe
'68819' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYT' 'sip-files00027.QC.jpg'
37fed049015c290615ad85415e8f1ff4
c80f86b92527aac5b56975eaac2e9adb808f8490
describe
'1940688' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYU' 'sip-files00027.tif'
af9877876cac07bead64d6d6bbc236cd
23998d34066189e4346b5efca9d75c071ff0ee2e
'2012-03-31T21:56:11-04:00'
describe
'1500' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYV' 'sip-files00027.txt'
a277b362f2c2b521d8fe27d709b10fe4
1ba9d87faafcdb652087dc38e052eaacf99bb425
'2012-03-31T21:52:28-04:00'
describe
'36438' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYW' 'sip-files00027thm.jpg'
5ca5c1e10febbf344d83b86f8660ce13
f06b415fa2dcfb1734d844202638a2d7d3121c57
'2012-03-31T21:52:25-04:00'
describe
'242450' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYX' 'sip-files00028.jp2'
f274e772fb9986716c5aa6b985fecd82
5688ccd2374128bd47308bac14abe85ef9cc56fd
'2012-03-31T21:54:33-04:00'
describe
'150965' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYY' 'sip-files00028.jpg'
d810087fe2a6ae154251bd99ce99220c
1fd6b51d933b257ec655a3d7ca6a07af61ecc684
describe
'37789' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCYZ' 'sip-files00028.pro'
7ce8fba85522fde84348c5940401349e
61effca9419f79674a140995c599cd8b346ce819
describe
'69493' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZA' 'sip-files00028.QC.jpg'
a0de02add6b98a3c5994d3725dc11b5e
a443accbbdb61b3ef0cb16b7e45f4d4b77921e4f
'2012-03-31T21:50:01-04:00'
describe
'1964144' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZB' 'sip-files00028.tif'
98cb47022ff6a649c5fd8aa6f36c5abe
f28a2435a6ab5119784f18c58ff84434aa246a12
'2012-03-31T21:51:33-04:00'
describe
'1672' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZC' 'sip-files00028.txt'
5a2f800e9b40985a794d1bcec1ff3895
c8750c86d9da5e4258a4d883107d14302d5b3d7f
describe
'35909' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZD' 'sip-files00028thm.jpg'
2b8bfcd725f1c6f6941274564cc63233
0fc348973272721289b84809cfd305ea2c94eb20
'2012-03-31T21:56:09-04:00'
describe
'246017' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZE' 'sip-files00029.jp2'
f5febadcc0651d51085e429beedc83ab
3614baa874b61609b0da1ea2cb195abea0f0d960
describe
'162192' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZF' 'sip-files00029.jpg'
76cef75d4296db9e9958da7d933ba583
49148b0fbf985d63cdc20f80016a3331d8202d4b
'2012-03-31T21:51:29-04:00'
describe
'38390' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZG' 'sip-files00029.pro'
c43f36bb4597677b3e5d5f10ecdad46e
c60263d0e517a4ad1d753fdb9d91d9e04ec1a407
'2012-03-31T21:55:10-04:00'
describe
'75137' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZH' 'sip-files00029.QC.jpg'
8f474cdf3640ecfb5999aea8d6801471
1fa6f50272d009355c21eecabaaec9bb21e660b1
'2012-03-31T21:49:29-04:00'
describe
'1993568' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZI' 'sip-files00029.tif'
cbd44c9ee60816d3a7981fff354b8803
9643b917f48a3e3da83d73993dbf833a51dbd83c
'2012-03-31T21:55:16-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZJ' 'sip-files00029.txt'
9a85ef79610eba53cf473c4706dc52ac
d8ea9cf1d70c5f73d4856a89be5247242c362e78
describe
'38376' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZK' 'sip-files00029thm.jpg'
ef738b013b8996f742059ae288e14291
53de2905b0d5b63cda3d191156f4dea200651b90
'2012-03-31T21:55:05-04:00'
describe
'242916' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZL' 'sip-files00030.jp2'
06b7a6b8ebf4b968ede234b82188eaad
ada1d3a86ba152abb00b90b7ece46fb919025a81
'2012-03-31T21:50:57-04:00'
describe
'162351' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZM' 'sip-files00030.jpg'
01d662bb62c332c51803547e93667b80
a5b315df9a9589ff8b383136e26d5bfc2a426962
describe
'40693' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZN' 'sip-files00030.pro'
ab09e1ae41e21bf3e5e51a5dbdb3118b
0ba32913a9b445bccbab868e85c8e77a1f443698
describe
'73844' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZO' 'sip-files00030.QC.jpg'
cfee89e030e5eaa7f38f4072c2b9fc6a
96d6f0acb195c3048a2bf5fe0919e5a6f0a9211a
'2012-03-31T21:55:39-04:00'
describe
'1968700' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZP' 'sip-files00030.tif'
6ce07a26b1f03cf3615b806cff406ce6
34e03a21a9499d2c5ae01b6883cf02543251e464
describe
'1741' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZQ' 'sip-files00030.txt'
3272e7a74466edeeb3f6ba7705e428c4
05dc29fd502ae7b172c4ca49a8d38ca142f1a39d
'2012-03-31T21:52:39-04:00'
describe
'37588' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZR' 'sip-files00030thm.jpg'
2c6b9421ca1047c17981ed238aa2d8dc
b19ac4dc12fe8b8724736272d19327cdd75d7423
'2012-03-31T21:55:44-04:00'
describe
'238985' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZS' 'sip-files00031.jp2'
754b896b519fd69a51c1637038de3a14
f0dfa0e89362d89540085332162a6605886dfdc7
'2012-03-31T21:55:15-04:00'
describe
'155621' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZT' 'sip-files00031.jpg'
485dfced767d4b75409796d9ced77399
b50e3a8714ae71d126d87a04e4996cbc2fe77581
'2012-03-31T21:51:10-04:00'
describe
'35778' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZU' 'sip-files00031.pro'
198bc4f2973db75748fe00f6ba89f021
83e5470ae30815a71bd7daa2a5176f6d3eff53df
'2012-03-31T21:49:41-04:00'
describe
'72339' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZV' 'sip-files00031.QC.jpg'
700d8fabcc0dd84d26078c28ef4a2b5f
6213338e0c36df57e0e5b3e8f5ad62da2b45f35e
'2012-03-31T21:54:11-04:00'
describe
'1936568' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZW' 'sip-files00031.tif'
d95ac16a7722bb497420a7816c2d8cb0
2093589c9cd1af0a7db6a6c1ed0b234a1280975c
'2012-03-31T21:52:21-04:00'
describe
'1551' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZX' 'sip-files00031.txt'
aafd8f8f969c6d67540683cc09c01522
1ad1c132b1653b828e86632f3bf48824387a7831
describe
'37784' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZY' 'sip-files00031thm.jpg'
6f90fb9624c8d785dd465b629d46e686
621715c94d81c3c3f4ea33a7da8e113912a7b007
describe
'235546' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABCZZ' 'sip-files00032.jp2'
0ec25111db171fb19a1acdf7b455ea20
08fcc88245a3ccb6b2edb3f7366f97db02f9ebfb
'2012-03-31T21:50:26-04:00'
describe
'149004' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAA' 'sip-files00032.jpg'
b1ad45d4bfd79944f82701a93a563a9b
b283d7aa2d1b0e79c08e8ee489a67d164f1c513b
describe
'34714' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAB' 'sip-files00032.pro'
03e3bd17a6d34a029d37e6fe75f682f4
7658f6ed530e835279a42c2306667f5eeb6dcd4f
describe
'67651' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAC' 'sip-files00032.QC.jpg'
9514b0ece0fb41be8c72038198aceca0
e617012a4649d4b1a4a4f377313e47095a6a75d3
'2012-03-31T21:55:00-04:00'
describe
'1908488' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAD' 'sip-files00032.tif'
ec708bdcf7eb6459de7401a8632da350
bd629c4dc5bc8ec262fedb98a3c3cddc8030ae76
describe
'1526' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAE' 'sip-files00032.txt'
016f6b7d3ccdcddb5ff6333446f45702
59ff700bcf1c169d637e5f8252d0cba51c476e7b
'2012-03-31T21:50:34-04:00'
describe
'35941' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAF' 'sip-files00032thm.jpg'
03aec198f02f252625bedb3cc575745c
a3abd5c60de0d325df7848a222464d63c7258fe1
describe
'244350' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAG' 'sip-files00033.jp2'
c960f36779b0a57b635182da728247b0
5a045a8c791cbb49213203f30b62f2568c7348fc
'2012-03-31T21:50:48-04:00'
describe
'116227' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAH' 'sip-files00033.jpg'
1b48594d740bf8e7c7b733409175af77
71db917ae4d21756c936de601dedb8ac8ccb327c
describe
'12539' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAI' 'sip-files00033.pro'
8ffa6e5a3ccb332051baa021ddf79002
52f54e9320064d983fe35adecb4d0959462c7b1f
'2012-03-31T21:54:47-04:00'
describe
'53522' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAJ' 'sip-files00033.QC.jpg'
2168a1d870d84eb799cf14719d68411c
cec015d839e77c835355b8c58ed15b9d427de3b4
'2012-03-31T21:52:49-04:00'
describe
'1977304' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAK' 'sip-files00033.tif'
ba7456aeeba8785f3a895391ab274822
646b9a00fc3ecdaf339686f282a39918f8972f4a
'2012-03-31T21:50:19-04:00'
describe
'563' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAL' 'sip-files00033.txt'
9161e8c6d1e3b94a8353f332b8f20958
8ae9b2b7bdb0b439fb4d8472fc006dd0d09152b2
describe
'31018' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAM' 'sip-files00033thm.jpg'
ceefac8ed9f5a28b2a9aec26a0072c59
ab59b57b1a5c37649bcbc9c2ea7af0392ba94459
describe
'233820' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAN' 'sip-files00034.jp2'
c21af8e86b15646d8e084ad632cfae02
8c1e7418b22686df3d03f869402c513afe265891
describe
'73008' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAO' 'sip-files00034.jpg'
c827753974f302e9f099ad785d186a60
31b9ecb322a64d02a397ddbdb464da3ea550be53
describe
'544' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAP' 'sip-files00034.pro'
be707ba869a85b37d0e6d9125197cbe9
cb48563e853c343cc13ae7e8a543f6f16c660625
'2012-03-31T21:55:02-04:00'
describe
'37233' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAQ' 'sip-files00034.QC.jpg'
9b9508cadce600ba8d01be3eb3e6f7f2
757975f5474b25dff67f163242657670596605cb
'2012-03-31T21:52:07-04:00'
describe
'1891072' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAR' 'sip-files00034.tif'
2914ee3261ce692c298b5ba5d363bde6
fb7ba567d772f8511ed60dfe47f4e6f25134fd0d
'2012-03-31T21:55:57-04:00'
describe
'49' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAS' 'sip-files00034.txt'
715c57c734f0930cc2b157662bcd01b3
773b2263e6122ec48930cd5915187b200546e157
'2012-03-31T21:50:06-04:00'
describe
'25322' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAT' 'sip-files00034thm.jpg'
6e59994d725510f92fe314bedc791fb1
602a703e8da1d5a474cd5161a7c095eb99050468
'2012-03-31T21:53:09-04:00'
describe
'238781' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAU' 'sip-files00036.jp2'
23832f860a7226e1a7978e2aace1c9b3
7db3ff3f24610096a6e2fd095a859b7786224acf
describe
'173688' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAV' 'sip-files00036.jpg'
8d7fedf68afae26e144d27d735781330
f4129973873764eac250f800ed627c828ac3b7eb
'2012-03-31T21:51:53-04:00'
describe
'23393' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAW' 'sip-files00036.pro'
af5dac5964fff15f9eb91fd4cfcf535e
5515912e7ca90f693241ffcd41fc3899f452b364
'2012-03-31T21:55:41-04:00'
describe
'75542' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAX' 'sip-files00036.QC.jpg'
0c77dc9de3f56674be9d11e4d64cb803
8fbc6c7975e799264dca29fa4932a539cb610a51
describe
'1936360' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAY' 'sip-files00036.tif'
3e0be4129eef9d9f5ec7578ac9394ffb
d694c579b18be230b2e24d2e4184fb4e4fb3eab3
'2012-03-31T21:51:51-04:00'
describe
'1107' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDAZ' 'sip-files00036.txt'
6deb939f19c28b4e9f10285b27d35f37
761a46deb7cd8be1e00b72e66ca61ba9db183b84
'2012-03-31T21:55:03-04:00'
describe
'38550' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBA' 'sip-files00036thm.jpg'
7479fd6f6f9fad95add0b117253dabc2
6b4233d6dd4976eac7b2c3eee277ca0d8f1214e7
'2012-03-31T21:49:57-04:00'
describe
'241094' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBB' 'sip-files00037.jp2'
0e3d76db834f502268629f9164afe0f8
ff53d840271224c320d0d7240dca91e338224cfb
'2012-03-31T21:56:07-04:00'
describe
'175243' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBC' 'sip-files00037.jpg'
22d5bb767a07d8899eee9a19aec789b7
c59bbe4e438b68cc5c4c3332a01693c33450f9f0
describe
'44616' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBD' 'sip-files00037.pro'
b5bd7ee060655aaa00fe18dff2021b79
7cead23bbfefa96170c2889175c6a15983fc6995
'2012-03-31T21:53:23-04:00'
describe
'79623' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBE' 'sip-files00037.QC.jpg'
20f0871f57d49331eba897e68a3563ef
4eab27a21b2e9da5e0ee01d25c94ba1d7c10ce22
'2012-03-31T21:49:33-04:00'
describe
'1954800' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBF' 'sip-files00037.tif'
4626e999bc0bd91fe8647f621d5930e8
ca4717db6e99c2792bd1310c0bef6b0d04e01cb6
describe
'1854' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBG' 'sip-files00037.txt'
f4429bfa4c5aa5aaaab6350ed655635c
2433b649be3b9256a1fe4f748e5c2b3778bdab92
describe
'38771' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBH' 'sip-files00037thm.jpg'
c4d5a51c51c6415c6f898439f87ea885
4d219f3ed4c447e647c21ad58b68ad847c787c78
'2012-03-31T21:54:52-04:00'
describe
'235621' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBI' 'sip-files00038.jp2'
5f2cecc3be89801297055751ef6ceb0e
c7806508be6064188544cb00b121dd146a37a605
'2012-03-31T21:49:31-04:00'
describe
'184531' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBJ' 'sip-files00038.jpg'
e9d53814ed06c89eb05dd243f70b9453
7c656612d863fbcaf8f156e094a339d8110f6c3d
describe
'46616' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBK' 'sip-files00038.pro'
077d7f07c25b334bf519836946ab7ce9
5bef3344771a8d0d2bdf11c3bee25bb55da2cb30
describe
'80004' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBL' 'sip-files00038.QC.jpg'
86bf08bd69161b2293d9dbdc2125604b
7760af42a3e2b5470b5ecb49ab2915b3f7e52d11
'2012-03-31T21:54:36-04:00'
describe
'1910944' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBM' 'sip-files00038.tif'
63353cd8de77b5168a6e6a2ad8bf63d5
f88ab9e231911d1f63e3424e4d1915818486cd8a
'2012-03-31T21:50:33-04:00'
describe
'1946' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBN' 'sip-files00038.txt'
d834df19ac473d717fdfcc1f3e823d0e
843779dcb83276e5f84048589900b5b1a7ed6fa0
'2012-03-31T21:49:53-04:00'
describe
'38218' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBO' 'sip-files00038thm.jpg'
f761ca4d325a0b15cc8ac256be305af6
6144fb147101b8f8289ef9e4e78e744780fd40cf
'2012-03-31T21:54:05-04:00'
describe
'243561' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBP' 'sip-files00039.jp2'
a0d04e037a631848a62920ac034664e7
4fc07995a1aa3880039d2850f0472852f3dc8f20
'2012-03-31T21:53:49-04:00'
describe
'157795' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBQ' 'sip-files00039.jpg'
1da57bfe567c5cd8fc8158b5f2573c5f
a1d600cdbed7b71964f4386034df7e308f4ff600
'2012-03-31T21:49:49-04:00'
describe
'40756' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBR' 'sip-files00039.pro'
35d87b3329537ff2801275dd6c0b0a1f
0c1b7c0620f8476040a1d25ab9685f09afc5fb29
describe
'72495' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBS' 'sip-files00039.QC.jpg'
5b34067b8f378e10b32d647ec9f53055
38dc34d4dec982e8d6be668dd18cf836585cc719
'2012-03-31T21:50:04-04:00'
describe
'1974288' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBT' 'sip-files00039.tif'
be3e4ac48bdc49b7ccd9ca1c46f63e0f
9eb5af7299a11432f5d8773086c0568893488649
'2012-03-31T21:55:56-04:00'
describe
'1705' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBU' 'sip-files00039.txt'
9397d8a67cc19c20201d7995e339029b
ece3085efc0604cfc4ca3d1b2286eb44392765b7
describe
'36911' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBV' 'sip-files00039thm.jpg'
fa7b61c271fe195f9b91c596c575f499
a0c92c9d0779b4a61068bf1efaf21559d01e8e8e
describe
'233667' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBW' 'sip-files00040.jp2'
f13a9481717f0ff026617ea9f9b14e12
059a7b95d92816a1cb81942d9092f9127f657952
'2012-03-31T21:51:58-04:00'
describe
'161155' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBX' 'sip-files00040.jpg'
af9ca3d5626b5c1454df8f41609c1348
dce3b78176b2f8c16b5056ebfd0a16f5370c9cf8
'2012-03-31T21:50:03-04:00'
describe
'39247' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBY' 'sip-files00040.pro'
a8509ec86491f010759900caf051d060
91c446910a191ffee3e7a40c55cd7d254b9f49f5
describe
'71552' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDBZ' 'sip-files00040.QC.jpg'
cfbe2c119ebcb8a892d72964f1698118
dc11f6e2c89316e2a0828cbfeb9b84eb6609e76d
describe
'1894336' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCA' 'sip-files00040.tif'
7e4a91950d22d4fc01202f2a67664308
03caf03f75ebb94445a90cfd6e4eef27e8f9e3e1
'2012-03-31T21:51:57-04:00'
describe
'1706' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCB' 'sip-files00040.txt'
d2ff08831375d92637ad97af74422812
b9e5513a1cbf4d70037ed2691b445576c13cb3f7
'2012-03-31T21:51:27-04:00'
describe
'36853' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCC' 'sip-files00040thm.jpg'
233e98676c357e23a383121a2f0dddd2
216330f06c95dbcb926cb29533c7fe167a34d76d
describe
'242098' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCD' 'sip-files00041.jp2'
79ae9a1417bdf0bb7ef8624d3122fc43
936111e17f3c8ca624c7c302750fed15ca027fe0
'2012-03-31T21:54:25-04:00'
describe
'157079' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCE' 'sip-files00041.jpg'
f0c4d8945deb66d079f03adda30a0452
5443a9a1cea5087314a59818503a86d614b41360
describe
'37938' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCF' 'sip-files00041.pro'
85ab323d358e9dcc7b87946e61cbaab8
79b7f876b1d915458b0822bb8e2f5ea8c144fab0
'2012-03-31T21:53:47-04:00'
describe
'69988' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCG' 'sip-files00041.QC.jpg'
69750e45f6d473f473a0ed72f3a3f027
5502962505bac9308ecad5209c5a21e31330b3ee
describe
'1961744' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCH' 'sip-files00041.tif'
edad2616142200b137bed2938034d83a
fd5eb23f098e3a6e3fec2927b9dc31286f21c510
'2012-03-31T21:49:38-04:00'
describe
'1643' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCI' 'sip-files00041.txt'
849b2b303ac95b15e6db681565347a66
bd74f4b8a845257e896f3b18b466a7daf9d57336
'2012-03-31T21:53:25-04:00'
describe
'36173' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCJ' 'sip-files00041thm.jpg'
063c6d94647712b05d66397721181c28
c85d359ef55fa825ac18860a9791bbd5035201ab
describe
'247878' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCK' 'sip-files00042.jp2'
abaac976373242780b06901bc6a8ce1f
acdaede568d87ad115d9116bf360220644629c66
'2012-03-31T21:53:48-04:00'
describe
'141544' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCL' 'sip-files00042.jpg'
717852bf27bb318a86a66cefbc26d96c
6458cc2863aaa5d83a9b0b1e477c64c473e7217f
'2012-03-31T21:55:22-04:00'
describe
'37748' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCM' 'sip-files00042.pro'
40c8b1e840a39dc62acb86a653625d8d
ec427be60e51f98d68476b37dd91bc6d2b155d27
'2012-03-31T21:50:52-04:00'
describe
'66147' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCN' 'sip-files00042.QC.jpg'
bb6ef901b313f9db2ae0dc1662f67e83
132f8f6a1649ec0e890fb7997d227e038d918d1b
describe
'2007164' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCO' 'sip-files00042.tif'
247758d280b037d5610b131dbcbeb55d
b29018635fd415a54cb0a1f700e7571e012b1cb3
'2012-03-31T21:49:51-04:00'
describe
'1631' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCP' 'sip-files00042.txt'
a9550abaf885bc705dda0171e82bdd7a
45177c46c89f00d9a017e47e357750f1af451258
'2012-03-31T21:50:44-04:00'
describe
'35026' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCQ' 'sip-files00042thm.jpg'
bee06cd18737fd1bd46ff023dc75b63c
ffadf56996b16d977d913ab14fe6386d3108876c
describe
'247870' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCR' 'sip-files00043.jp2'
4e2ab355a7adb1870067f264f94a4ab6
3fe40576ee852f975739caa22fd37911ba4591fd
describe
'166143' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCS' 'sip-files00043.jpg'
84290f134f7462791e35f2487025a465
39c7ddffc4ef8bdbf8a3a8165be9a21b9e5d6c4f
'2012-03-31T21:54:23-04:00'
describe
'42404' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCT' 'sip-files00043.pro'
7bdc03e7ee6d29e41e108a03e4835c7e
f5053b5c8a2b6008c964906d61457515a1bbd317
describe
'75773' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCU' 'sip-files00043.QC.jpg'
9ade727eb07a60013de6e35dacd816a2
06641d6bf3b79f08eb625b64062b988fe07bdd1c
'2012-03-31T21:54:38-04:00'
describe
'2008232' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCV' 'sip-files00043.tif'
8ac58e2be9600ea92573a80983b17388
7d154e282917ba2db5fa85da69d3670b521b85a9
'2012-03-31T21:49:26-04:00'
describe
'1791' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCW' 'sip-files00043.txt'
a17d56169b64fac82837b73c50ad5f32
793abd0a3af929df84571b2b533ce62c34d8b369
describe
'37403' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCX' 'sip-files00043thm.jpg'
239e46b732494dde5507cd13464c22bb
38b76ae642b3b8bef47ac2b06aaf6553434dd438
describe
'239874' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCY' 'sip-files00044.jp2'
364937e9e43dd0bc6fb0c4a312c68d6a
4a3430615147357f6c5a8cfb0bee6cb27d1706c2
'2012-03-31T21:55:14-04:00'
describe
'152438' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDCZ' 'sip-files00044.jpg'
b4cd7a820ff838ce27e6381f01ef8277
f443226bf780089ad27a6b7afe5845a7b3785dbe
'2012-03-31T21:52:38-04:00'
describe
'38598' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDA' 'sip-files00044.pro'
74f49b2f48e00fbe81cb92e72381e0a6
c935b1cbcecee9081047131261024d3e21db0611
describe
'71893' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDB' 'sip-files00044.QC.jpg'
f8f398e453f56484fa40a01f7ac2cb50
59d74d2ec684b22bbebba7f1def5312f239dfe69
'2012-03-31T21:53:55-04:00'
describe
'1944436' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDC' 'sip-files00044.tif'
d4be95d16e310ad3cedb334676d87864
ca812c54cc429f92164d7b99263c7340c6cf4bcd
'2012-03-31T21:50:09-04:00'
describe
'1991' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDD' 'sip-files00044.txt'
a44ebe49e6156849fc8c32611a678a0b
839dc1aeb331a21018863ca4e75765d88909b27a
describe
'36975' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDE' 'sip-files00044thm.jpg'
16591d37f76cc6fa5b85d9ff5bb9a35b
33393c375fcf5f11461c5c6c4a28594d3e009f08
describe
'237266' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDF' 'sip-files00045.jp2'
f059d066e816d03b75d941270dd74436
d75267d40fb4320138f66e0295cb2dc77ea9f8a1
'2012-03-31T21:50:30-04:00'
describe
'168311' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDG' 'sip-files00045.jpg'
aa477261c2a378e65f18537d2aa7b950
f54452ba22cf17e68b8c51b37dcb23849fc9387c
describe
'42294' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDH' 'sip-files00045.pro'
ec0421663fa0842273d5f1e58b266216
c971900407f84c45c582b12dd6c105b63310a482
describe
'78050' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDI' 'sip-files00045.QC.jpg'
6ceb9852efdea208b7cf4c84163027b1
caf7c48af421bdbeb0fc3d72b73ad7132e779a71
'2012-03-31T21:50:23-04:00'
describe
'1923396' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDJ' 'sip-files00045.tif'
70a65808e19ac3cde18c86eae63dc383
8adfd31c331f93ddd9ea07507468d936cd265503
'2012-03-31T21:55:42-04:00'
describe
'1788' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDK' 'sip-files00045.txt'
4f1a055470b7d658262cf012126bfd9d
6d7830300bef3e0b21ea18e3d7121722fb19cca7
describe
'38545' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDL' 'sip-files00045thm.jpg'
da30d6d05f16dbef269259dcc6d794a7
438a69e3ab68d1794799c458d592c47603d1bd90
'2012-03-31T21:53:58-04:00'
describe
'245029' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDM' 'sip-files00046.jp2'
263a72bb67ca365570ae5d5cb47aeff4
a7bc326a69f6cefead3a8f1ebc2e83a4731a6016
describe
'162572' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDN' 'sip-files00046.jpg'
32d631a9dbedf803c79cd6fcf33f8816
03dab14f97c84b256060fa2a82e1d44c736ecc40
'2012-03-31T21:54:53-04:00'
describe
'42417' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDO' 'sip-files00046.pro'
e4b1f2ab89d4462e692c32928c140b65
760a0ba9bf3ff0f1d22f2219d1df8576b5c61700
'2012-03-31T21:51:18-04:00'
describe
'72900' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDP' 'sip-files00046.QC.jpg'
a1fb1be5d79ed7fd1f92422e9e61e9dd
c06a82a58cc54b4662e8f20b7532b408267ce2c9
describe
'1985492' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDQ' 'sip-files00046.tif'
07165b3ab7f4bfdaac7b1b09c774d627
8e2f667a06fa5356fbf0aeb8f5aa11ca74a5438e
'2012-03-31T21:53:44-04:00'
describe
'1807' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDR' 'sip-files00046.txt'
f1edac9429456218571f191c6a56641d
26d0ad8b5f2339e3298f2dba3610c873557193a8
'2012-03-31T21:54:54-04:00'
describe
'36942' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDS' 'sip-files00046thm.jpg'
266365be3006b5659321a6c664068c49
76405be75db9ccd184237677b1c441b58cef468a
describe
'245041' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDT' 'sip-files00047.jp2'
9290ce01ae8d7b0159ca0e824a22bf8f
564723594b72f092461e14aca89fb1020aaf02cd
describe
'129692' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDU' 'sip-files00047.jpg'
207f612ed3b4b6685f28d1ce0bc460c2
6e6f962036cd8bb7e5302e0038708112cfcb4afd
describe
'33142' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDV' 'sip-files00047.pro'
f3fe32add28af5b72c90b9873f57c4c1
3af89470dd152737fa83b98f1f099b16d24b387b
'2012-03-31T21:51:01-04:00'
describe
'63365' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDW' 'sip-files00047.QC.jpg'
053b5141f5bd47b67ede2e7a1b163aec
d09a852fa20bae294b038ccfa52287fd1ced1b4f
'2012-03-31T21:54:26-04:00'
describe
'1984400' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDX' 'sip-files00047.tif'
d5f851e767c085ca1e083139e37d13f1
e20302ced0aaaabef80d364f8c7fa4ed4e24d71e
'2012-03-31T21:51:06-04:00'
describe
'1553' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDY' 'sip-files00047.txt'
eb0dcb40e7d2534a5b1ef2040377214c
28186188ff6a1b78bd8b4a32d46b279467172653
describe
'34080' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDDZ' 'sip-files00047thm.jpg'
0e2c5b595b7800bbfa2555b632a0e7a5
18547bcb9fe819de0c6ff8ccc43af3a664a5f13a
describe
'236106' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEA' 'sip-files00048.jp2'
e5570601c71b0be71fb654a21f1ff653
831040dc650b2f9165868ba5ccea638558dd882e
describe
'154049' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEB' 'sip-files00048.jpg'
90b88c179bc48026d127b1979ae3600c
6bd57149f97533d2cf7764ca86e72d3304fc50ef
'2012-03-31T21:51:26-04:00'
describe
'38554' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEC' 'sip-files00048.pro'
44e4afeb9382b58b1a362e7257e6006d
71b9182e26b7d25ac72ae59e74b287f28b19ca82
describe
'72770' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDED' 'sip-files00048.QC.jpg'
b9f66aa41e00ca1b41e3614e06537421
1e95ac4367b4f4f5ab9dcb1afc8085e57245cca1
'2012-03-31T21:49:40-04:00'
describe
'1915536' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEE' 'sip-files00048.tif'
be47481443a7f172aa94798a815aa529
556ae038ea500224d24897ac006f7938f8e777a9
'2012-03-31T21:53:51-04:00'
describe
'1640' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEF' 'sip-files00048.txt'
a882e65a04d673ecf97a82f37fe6c07c
4945f12f3145fc2b266adf523fefa971885e027d
describe
'37923' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEG' 'sip-files00048thm.jpg'
5cb8f49cc120ddc75eab4b1d0c670e4e
0eff06cacf61be6db94d3293223437765c65124f
'2012-03-31T21:50:17-04:00'
describe
'241574' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEH' 'sip-files00049.jp2'
c3b8b3c813b867e6fbb6ba186e34f78c
a2fff40bad70ad60bafac2d8757691289a196c6a
describe
'163692' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEI' 'sip-files00049.jpg'
326cc35011f89e06fbbb5ec3a06aa18e
573f15e1172f2368515a0aed8b7bfa3edff69d80
describe
'42013' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEJ' 'sip-files00049.pro'
785ce90d9411392bde504c4003d454c0
19d8584d736bb5e91d92a559fc566d557108465b
'2012-03-31T21:55:55-04:00'
describe
'74501' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEK' 'sip-files00049.QC.jpg'
e874ea6753009c6f6a0f44d1491ce59f
5e81a828c13b0d59f254ed6ccd37b0add28bc991
describe
'1958268' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEL' 'sip-files00049.tif'
ab7242aa1586f970b169ece6adc06318
f21596da586987a3889f1bae477240a109951c87
'2012-03-31T21:54:48-04:00'
describe
'1774' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEM' 'sip-files00049.txt'
147bd47ecb121ad4a54b8d0b9ddcb64f
e8e44b3296d670be9b921448f4706a71c8031aab
describe
'37522' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEN' 'sip-files00049thm.jpg'
53c1f155045a6435cde1830236d74dca
59711006a9cb3d87977496d846943e4738a57068
'2012-03-31T21:50:53-04:00'
describe
'242382' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEO' 'sip-files00050.jp2'
b757f282ae3db5e5e8211a693c0f1085
f66579070409ea20f4252fd04ef5219aa456555e
'2012-03-31T21:54:02-04:00'
describe
'158779' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEP' 'sip-files00050.jpg'
3709947deeba1958adc603c31e57f358
12c1198a90096ffa70878e3406ece4af873a3580
describe
'38522' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEQ' 'sip-files00050.pro'
0e157960234ca099d150031dba08aa02
91e2fc9516cbdfa2cb8bacf954f689787ba9a0f7
'2012-03-31T21:50:50-04:00'
describe
'72769' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDER' 'sip-files00050.QC.jpg'
74709ab146a31ea3f364946c8d866ac2
fb87a548c64e246f630868a909df77b9e8d82861
describe
'1964996' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDES' 'sip-files00050.tif'
7f9b157d48cc5d9b199dba5c9f3c7394
988a6bcb23438b861030d31456c3fb16b343b3e3
describe
'1770' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDET' 'sip-files00050.txt'
9619f1a700a382ae70e70f138331bbb8
a765907e531e6f76deb3ccd2929b00e5dd87aa4d
'2012-03-31T21:49:35-04:00'
describe
'37511' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEU' 'sip-files00050thm.jpg'
a54fa68264d7862059c444870c2537ee
9e9555d90169c20509431328758dde80224c3c33
'2012-03-31T21:55:59-04:00'
describe
'249892' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEV' 'sip-files00051.jp2'
7ce20946ba1287010767f93b6f14e9ec
93d36acb8e664cf8a1675162586a766b17eea636
'2012-03-31T21:51:39-04:00'
describe
'154440' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEW' 'sip-files00051.jpg'
eb40f023e710979ba748ee809801e59b
cdd32e94f5ed91a40064aa2fe6d0155508899feb
describe
'38509' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEX' 'sip-files00051.pro'
64ecad955a7b1018dfe171353e7e0581
10332af9d1bb501b31a19b16e9e7f43db040e176
'2012-03-31T21:54:44-04:00'
describe
'70991' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEY' 'sip-files00051.QC.jpg'
7fd749ee79de94cb5890ffb4001c1586
486f42952b555d423e833bdbe22c8799e2402221
'2012-03-31T21:53:45-04:00'
describe
'2024736' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDEZ' 'sip-files00051.tif'
f165d85f3f297300ca76ce75d0e2c797
751d962b941a3fa3808a561621f8a6ce18986a2d
describe
'1771' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFA' 'sip-files00051.txt'
e3f4c7fa027f8cd33d463c092c41c7bc
c509b07cec41c5fcee0da08b21b7fca657d9072a
'2012-03-31T21:52:12-04:00'
describe
'37037' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFB' 'sip-files00051thm.jpg'
670a3a5e22c48b217f762a2237dc799a
4dbbeb33a6757b04080720828118a5d2e3d25d0e
describe
'237856' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFC' 'sip-files00052.jp2'
62d6b63a550a5b765232f64b2c78b538
c2bf2df8f93e43912ce4e83563e1d5328ce0476e
describe
'170378' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFD' 'sip-files00052.jpg'
60989376c6ce154c11fb5c5bbdc89f26
3a212423882ae9e8d0914ec806487f860ed2bf33
describe
'42696' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFE' 'sip-files00052.pro'
5b1fd1e8563e5ad70616b2b26969dec0
03522fa9b488aafed2c4f387f99097a9cb3ad668
'2012-03-31T21:51:35-04:00'
describe
'78055' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFF' 'sip-files00052.QC.jpg'
2b6416bbe2915d435f39b16903328005
1facf18294372c408b5e129b2e61e484deb897b4
'2012-03-31T21:50:08-04:00'
describe
'1928748' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFG' 'sip-files00052.tif'
b0578e64f973a2c65818b7d99cdf5424
51cde72288ca66fab56353e1a06b530448783de6
'2012-03-31T21:54:43-04:00'
describe
'1943' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFH' 'sip-files00052.txt'
359df2cf9d4268bf4c6d5c5342a9bf86
492ec7a683c8917ec6f86e04671aa3894e475559
describe
'38603' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFI' 'sip-files00052thm.jpg'
d086336ef1b47893f33243c8efaaaff8
290856eed03660d2ce00e1a2d978da9ec5b1375f
'2012-03-31T21:52:54-04:00'
describe
'239221' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFJ' 'sip-files00053.jp2'
5732bdad6d1b3f83ad11dc0cc84245b0
bf4691fef8fbdf25be3e8ac609879f8b541a534e
'2012-03-31T21:51:36-04:00'
describe
'171484' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFK' 'sip-files00053.jpg'
856019d2987e33a0c08756f5d79a12fc
031f60af3de6cf2f304dd89d39ddaa77ff9666a9
'2012-03-31T21:50:43-04:00'
describe
'44594' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFL' 'sip-files00053.pro'
0ccaebdc9f7c54a7e3e4d8e55d6574dc
07b441319dcfdf9812461c5fdafa825151771c44
describe
'79216' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFM' 'sip-files00053.QC.jpg'
609af7aeb6389cfa2230e01d293198a5
ac6f8c88d2b358d3b48a8ed11e7adcb00231a047
'2012-03-31T21:53:10-04:00'
describe
'1940232' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFN' 'sip-files00053.tif'
915fdec45a59b622386f677968667562
55060f55bc5e080dfc454ee5591a5ebb3fbe6baf
'2012-03-31T21:52:52-04:00'
describe
'1846' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFO' 'sip-files00053.txt'
6d12d747fb38bb149080f9c49e28e718
b055ca36c774430e457114cf3dab1e44c0c015e4
describe
'38500' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFP' 'sip-files00053thm.jpg'
ffbdd248c9a85792f0fff625f7f7694c
36c897b16132acadd62a03a60f18c1d404205072
'2012-03-31T21:52:40-04:00'
describe
'247831' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFQ' 'sip-files00054.jp2'
27379d6035a37ad07ec3a7daa511ed64
647beae049fe635a61a4087d39d7f4a3eeb0f76b
describe
'151248' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFR' 'sip-files00054.jpg'
2ac0863998a3031af774fca44eccb894
655bd553e6790a5c538ac56a70e151b9514bf6aa
'2012-03-31T21:52:48-04:00'
describe
'36273' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFS' 'sip-files00054.pro'
5c61144376f71e4278085a870508b5ec
e8e631f4c7930db89e8932cd4182734dc825cff2
describe
'69531' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFT' 'sip-files00054.QC.jpg'
7ecffc56191645c24272ca60538500a9
de998e2be8b9bc0f85cb8a6b83e5402fdced7699
describe
'2008008' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFU' 'sip-files00054.tif'
48d9aa7fbbab3ed362d93a939950cfc4
623a0c85e2dff657df945620a14eb5821e92937a
'2012-03-31T21:50:39-04:00'
describe
'1755' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFV' 'sip-files00054.txt'
05b4acb2d7ff40387ac8bd549686cb2e
80c748c4b7eddafea9ac99dfc54572b5da821d58
'2012-03-31T21:51:09-04:00'
describe
'37143' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFW' 'sip-files00054thm.jpg'
956ddb7bb18d797d85ef3056d29dcf70
0b966df7d79a6d2b5324dd2228478006c9633569
'2012-03-31T21:53:11-04:00'
describe
'255171' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFX' 'sip-files00055.jp2'
a1d7775b1c5ccfdb16fa38bea387fc3e
4fcdd8e0b8a9408012e11c2830107cc9a96788f2
'2012-03-31T21:54:31-04:00'
describe
'170960' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFY' 'sip-files00055.jpg'
7aaad272c82cba7522aea5431ae9e364
58af1246623909f3967d54da9584b42a49ccd247
'2012-03-31T21:52:18-04:00'
describe
'46910' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDFZ' 'sip-files00055.pro'
b0826ccdf5f58706014b6c177d5b2552
6e022d69b6c14eb74120ca0dab8506bdf07fbc0d
describe
'76399' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGA' 'sip-files00055.QC.jpg'
a2ec5a3775145f60e84ceed1ee4e602e
4a67fbb7f7c90c294f4a0ec7eaa26f0ab21a9a2b
describe
'2068132' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGB' 'sip-files00055.tif'
12515a50ed2547c48e385d798ec33f73
5518f371df09e4311e60bd7012c92d424577af9f
'2012-03-31T21:51:44-04:00'
describe
'1950' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGC' 'sip-files00055.txt'
913808959a30fa5f5a97fb7885c022a3
69847f3925a06cd160733dd225a28e035673b774
describe
'38328' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGD' 'sip-files00055thm.jpg'
4a3b772afa28035333b8af77ead74867
0d33bc6b64b30134b09e9c4aef3ee25df7e4e338
'2012-03-31T21:53:54-04:00'
describe
'238334' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGE' 'sip-files00056.jp2'
6b2d1284a9e938f3573cb56376f3b5a3
4ff593656eb843b779404926816c7a4fe9726325
'2012-03-31T21:55:32-04:00'
describe
'167114' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGF' 'sip-files00056.jpg'
a9f0f8c6ad096a27fb2722f9bc243387
043abd3562786d646174e6f034e295dad5180563
describe
'40558' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGG' 'sip-files00056.pro'
94b1bc1d2c09648c7c33a2e9bddd4331
12d4f3196dde8c1cbac101468176672850b49390
'2012-03-31T21:51:37-04:00'
describe
'74379' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGH' 'sip-files00056.QC.jpg'
25e4117e41e860041c78f19becbe2bc4
2b1ba99a059128d50e150b8b0e649e10d9291020
describe
'1931808' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGI' 'sip-files00056.tif'
26553097dc522a1af908583a5ed8e310
ebdcc051551a24825d6ebc6ff9ba030113b1d929
'2012-03-31T21:54:22-04:00'
describe
'1761' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGJ' 'sip-files00056.txt'
6b2b145a3db6a0158a46d821df9150a7
2a7110839a44a1966102bf86e93f7be6fa266e94
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGK' 'sip-files00056thm.jpg'
68388e484f29f3a9672c33f4c1700619
5d6598c5a820b5dcda4c4fccb1856cd9332ac2ed
'2012-03-31T21:49:52-04:00'
describe
'243689' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGL' 'sip-files00057.jp2'
1bc895967d8bb0988010f4abc701e901
33b2ee6d938f7c776068b750229f69ceef6fb48e
'2012-03-31T21:50:15-04:00'
describe
'168582' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGM' 'sip-files00057.jpg'
c66b22b4cbce19154de7f224dca8e7f2
44b961a68d5bad82492c8d7815ac54dc090441bc
'2012-03-31T21:54:58-04:00'
describe
'45021' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGN' 'sip-files00057.pro'
3fb466524a6231eebc5e95192a3f0580
694522471f8c990757dc35eb025747fb776a32f3
describe
'78732' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGO' 'sip-files00057.QC.jpg'
52a48d86244da868d275aaf66118c327
17e0382366b830e8eb18a552b39559def0a51412
describe
'1976004' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGP' 'sip-files00057.tif'
a2ca41238fb3872d31339399d3f49b30
7143801fe5ab560a7307d6d5dfc0b46c51963267
describe
'1859' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGQ' 'sip-files00057.txt'
92c479657e5890165a4fb932b6bcd1e8
bad07a6e79870a80c85d28e06585c174eb7b8f33
describe
'39360' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGR' 'sip-files00057thm.jpg'
5eb3f82d0463e48e0618229526fc22d1
8f1a38826d1445d2546b11faf939e32595a92df8
'2012-03-31T21:54:55-04:00'
describe
'241520' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGS' 'sip-files00058.jp2'
fb75c22f37b237ce5fdaa7854f776c20
939fb1e6bf037e63fd9c9892d545a1443545e17f
describe
'166759' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGT' 'sip-files00058.jpg'
1e859d642ccb84ae20e1c3e21f1e205d
f7ea1bad9bf2cbac8efc217db264c3eef489c9af
'2012-03-31T21:51:46-04:00'
describe
'42412' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGU' 'sip-files00058.pro'
ad8bd1390d095b4b93c02a7c983839c8
c578ecec012e2a5b0f2f820fb90f1b3cff5b0bf3
describe
'76253' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGV' 'sip-files00058.QC.jpg'
d8aa74bc026fe1a7e764605fb0055eac
20d1ea0368ad46025b1ba543e17323df550c0b46
describe
'1957584' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGW' 'sip-files00058.tif'
201934633d1cdb453ae33e22beda9d99
cf0de2bdea262212a6cea904d9c58d666d885962
describe
'1786' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGX' 'sip-files00058.txt'
cd8ce8d54f906a8e8b4c290dbbe23616
6db6bd8de0002763ff9cfc4142f01e4b2e201a51
describe
'37897' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGY' 'sip-files00058thm.jpg'
7be41880cfaf3eed57fb2197ddafc46b
b94e721cec6991dd4d16a407cba041e928355014
describe
'243776' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDGZ' 'sip-files00059.jp2'
715d61208ca4cb85e5285a55fa15e477
cecdf00a3db93d66f2e849e31d8009392e0a34e6
'2012-03-31T21:54:21-04:00'
describe
'149476' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHA' 'sip-files00059.jpg'
b58c4853a8fb2882dfefc87dfbb4205e
a7312358034f3ced5038cfbafbaed033e81f6a7c
describe
'37992' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHB' 'sip-files00059.pro'
06f01a7a80ef66b58aa8e9911aa2ce18
72c79af3165d3c806eec07bec2013d79ae5dfafe
describe
'71127' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHC' 'sip-files00059.QC.jpg'
a9121138566402a1d5d81678a30410cb
a81de38ee0c81830cde5827acc82e82170802bf8
'2012-03-31T21:53:59-04:00'
describe
'1975324' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHD' 'sip-files00059.tif'
aeab4c706fe7d59a86681135094fa965
62401fd0ea2a43e24cc454b6a79123c9d561842f
'2012-03-31T21:52:45-04:00'
describe
'1681' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHE' 'sip-files00059.txt'
eaa6fd66dcf51d905dea79b6604ae634
83daa15ee6399b5681d9c87220f180edcae6fe89
'2012-03-31T21:54:03-04:00'
describe
'37433' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHF' 'sip-files00059thm.jpg'
2762aa1d572fa1a73a12775665a5d244
bb713ddf9481243b6ea5a1bc9e056df33ed214e0
describe
'252658' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHG' 'sip-files00060.jp2'
f57fa525e0a88fe8872ec20e3d842cdc
231657f9aa5d605a143b86af8d64e9271646f22f
describe
'156638' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHH' 'sip-files00060.jpg'
eec449abbac03f281efe0516f319d604
0ae07779b37f22539478c301d069e9a270c1657e
describe
'39045' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHI' 'sip-files00060.pro'
0cfcc618b6c1eaaf844016a825a00aab
428c869d891334c87d51e7b8afb0a21a22460dfc
'2012-03-31T21:51:17-04:00'
describe
'69864' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHJ' 'sip-files00060.QC.jpg'
f4e4887a3f92efbc7043249bb1aa7557
2448f3a67071c645931e246163f39e10784d60c8
describe
'2047160' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHK' 'sip-files00060.tif'
56a10855bf62c48c518f81464dc584c6
8777bb66da276c3b3354eac362ac0eddd82f9a35
'2012-03-31T21:52:35-04:00'
describe
'1645' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHL' 'sip-files00060.txt'
6800224497c7651a1509831d80cd14c3
1468705409a707d40888f18d74806dfb89e9d200
'2012-03-31T21:54:57-04:00'
describe
'36429' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHM' 'sip-files00060thm.jpg'
61166c893e961a6624921f4e08b112c7
6723f849d16cf6ad33094ff77bb3f4a092b8b072
'2012-03-31T21:54:10-04:00'
describe
'245517' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHN' 'sip-files00061.jp2'
b8d430ffbf06b2101ee694e8d10f0119
dc8913fc39fe818932edf14010775cd2e772bfeb
describe
'151648' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHO' 'sip-files00061.jpg'
119617ace7dc168f38bed58363b3f8ec
148d3901d37c499bc6132f723cdb86462d823825
'2012-03-31T21:53:36-04:00'
describe
'34959' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHP' 'sip-files00061.pro'
dd7e93f4e8d262ce3a4b2869d4f5bcf4
027492f9dadfa589f9d563f77abd71ba103231d5
describe
'71359' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHQ' 'sip-files00061.QC.jpg'
56abc695ca4a0deed3956276ab7d3e71
6cb5888cf0775542470cd9577260283414f2f880
describe
'1989744' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHR' 'sip-files00061.tif'
90f8cc47c0e2b15afbbf4be2e831de68
3c29d1627f682f61b3be7ba593f3f82b359680d9
'2012-03-31T21:54:14-04:00'
describe
'1768' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHS' 'sip-files00061.txt'
1c52b07a1d40ccd9e9bd0e0b02a3dd20
bc3557460e7f23af94e74dfd93f7eda08a9a5d75
describe
'37729' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHT' 'sip-files00061thm.jpg'
0aeeb76b1e12356b8d529ca4cfc52937
9fe0262abbcf46fae4d999649ff8d9d156e37c10
describe
'234522' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHU' 'sip-files00062.jp2'
8c59193dcf4a566e0c8fbadf21da4344
ebcf1246f77df07d658b909baf4ac90245fcf631
describe
'161040' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHV' 'sip-files00062.jpg'
c85b4e19fff518a37884dd9c166af65a
1b7563b932d11eb959583defb588783b7988e45f
describe
'39967' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHW' 'sip-files00062.pro'
e4afb21855b03ce0fe4b48b7e6a1d643
413b2db1428447ff489c94fd58bfc8332e51b27b
describe
'75326' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHX' 'sip-files00062.QC.jpg'
650de64c11d362ccedf29e8be8e572b3
35f2516d25d9c94ce57948a2a677316388e5daf5
describe
'1901556' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHY' 'sip-files00062.tif'
68825a74542ddc68affa008284664043
5819491b77906939ec00f771fab945f5d96251aa
'2012-03-31T21:51:25-04:00'
describe
'1692' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDHZ' 'sip-files00062.txt'
4b526451a173b430fae7a8ba99a7ba3c
0df670d7fdf7ab03526dca888bf26edf3bacce14
describe
'38033' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIA' 'sip-files00062thm.jpg'
29ce8264748781726c367703efd8284d
5f3d5f175e5f22fc766775e719ae3b72eb0238fa
'2012-03-31T21:50:10-04:00'
describe
'236245' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIB' 'sip-files00063.jp2'
ac83b8714cc13566ed69bc4083aa07df
5ac4cfbbe731487e41aa2986d72c0b09111afee0
'2012-03-31T21:49:25-04:00'
describe
'154250' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIC' 'sip-files00063.jpg'
2c95fc4bbe7d3ace997071d43681cf69
1ac5aa419a2746e2c8ee1df2f24c096c0b3e8b6a
'2012-03-31T21:53:14-04:00'
describe
'38203' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDID' 'sip-files00063.pro'
c900eb798378fb8c8302964129874efb
e7d1b8f0e5c342fa9f60c69c7f14a4aaf16222a4
'2012-03-31T21:50:38-04:00'
describe
'73389' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIE' 'sip-files00063.QC.jpg'
3d67aaf52591f6d67fd6928186d44671
0cd1b421600db949239793f40409f3fddea9efef
'2012-03-31T21:53:13-04:00'
describe
'1915744' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIF' 'sip-files00063.tif'
82fad954cb56f042a78b1674d758be6c
08e18466c18edf81f05ba6f61f13d5e46d08535a
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIG' 'sip-files00063.txt'
05edf6fd0a31ab3afaa0edcdd74a7e35
58b332872e2791ef8386f15c14aa8e06a5cde556
describe
'38280' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIH' 'sip-files00063thm.jpg'
2cc420f75b6182a380a269fb4f2c68cf
9de94c6b9869f76bc21cfd33350eec8aa725d120
'2012-03-31T21:49:42-04:00'
describe
'240560' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDII' 'sip-files00064.jp2'
2657fa5a3f194ac1df1202fa84e8a9e2
086e3630cd99affa0e09b352efd4a378e501b483
describe
'159965' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIJ' 'sip-files00064.jpg'
c08cbb6d005adf2f1472c5ff0fb245bc
06acd8e16e54c8e85379e4b092bf9b306080b010
describe
'38691' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIK' 'sip-files00064.pro'
0e0ebf657e442b5f50c159d70685a353
451269e8f3f0096768c76905f7ecb0efe237de5b
'2012-03-31T21:54:32-04:00'
describe
'72795' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIL' 'sip-files00064.QC.jpg'
10dc91b2c1a7f105b970f92b238d8d36
25426fb70fa4ec52ffdcaa025b51e8a747e26346
describe
'1950932' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIM' 'sip-files00064.tif'
6b38b1b34f4a60e13615175beb0abb41
dd33981863491debdc4b331a5ea78ce8b37abd47
describe
'1762' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIN' 'sip-files00064.txt'
463da8f82be6893c18cc87a515ed1751
72d1f58f5b3c533fd5ca9655901eb5e0f644404e
'2012-03-31T21:50:25-04:00'
describe
'37803' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIO' 'sip-files00064thm.jpg'
e7cc45b42fbead359b1da94157f13a08
a49bd75b52ce2f2fed5e382c0dfc88a1ee47820c
describe
'233127' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIP' 'sip-files00065.jp2'
7bd1561fd3da7ec0b8510c84ba22a98a
080c80a2d33c8da002e740fa7a9e92b3bde17d53
describe
'157372' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIQ' 'sip-files00065.jpg'
10a4e4d0a82e0666f1cdebadfe612380
94c22c942f17e34a249876f1d2c269b7ea176248
'2012-03-31T21:54:28-04:00'
describe
'39900' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIR' 'sip-files00065.pro'
be140d970cfac6c274f160f27b6ddbb0
ce872ff76d37a3334e6dba80ad6c124bca744b70
describe
'73893' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIS' 'sip-files00065.QC.jpg'
b8036b542f65b700ad6a5f9bbc8daa04
6c4aa94152afa59dc59f668f7373fb36a7458524
describe
'1890492' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIT' 'sip-files00065.tif'
7945303cd6077984d09d768c4c2e6b6f
d323137981aa6de9a46bb61d91c5c5ecd9588248
'2012-03-31T21:55:04-04:00'
describe
'1722' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIU' 'sip-files00065.txt'
84ee5a5b63e9d4b76f6dd649905ccaf4
031a5aef77d99bf2ad7023d4fca5b562e59fc10b
describe
'37954' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIV' 'sip-files00065thm.jpg'
3514bf7fa85dacc3c72eaf5431ed1b7c
ed4fe03e18528575c07c01ba9e0ea92c74b3af5f
describe
'243099' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIW' 'sip-files00066.jp2'
c18769aec788f3d7452ccb1959b84f56
6188a731a68494d4be494caa56d01fc6af2db4b6
describe
'157898' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIX' 'sip-files00066.jpg'
dbd14889880182015b6940d0b135c2f9
2dda370de7486d9af561934345ab4d7550352eb7
'2012-03-31T21:51:22-04:00'
describe
'38504' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIY' 'sip-files00066.pro'
6e80a82250c63756016790d81a08d2d0
c2d70be4ea675cd39f0cc693bbbfcf213a1ccda0
describe
'72880' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDIZ' 'sip-files00066.QC.jpg'
922261d4f12937c54b8a001e987fc9fc
e5af6d979e41b2bd48a9da0483f3c2864a743372
describe
'1971208' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJA' 'sip-files00066.tif'
fe1432f3cab85ce85fe4114f16ec6bfb
2435c52c946df3bcdd255567a3efa6dd7a3d2e79
describe
'1650' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJB' 'sip-files00066.txt'
f6f29c753cb10a04d2434be7fe99736c
6073c715a8e38d556fc12779bd0e3d0be6502d7b
describe
'37218' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJC' 'sip-files00066thm.jpg'
96b5f36bedf11f7a24a1b61081228ea1
9fe2348454049be89e8a23b21b0e8a2f5de2bbe0
describe
'239976' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJD' 'sip-files00067.jp2'
b1d1b4d22a66118142ea0a603aa1689c
8ad356ef8b650732e348ba1e1b6c295d15d726d4
describe
'171821' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJE' 'sip-files00067.jpg'
8b25413e6dee43f48697676c54075ae7
236f30813ae219e95b627f4cbb014e759b9f97ba
'2012-03-31T21:50:21-04:00'
describe
'46419' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJF' 'sip-files00067.pro'
979de41ecdc2ca719e0d9afadad3bca1
9b0ef48240d33b8ba73461ace9e99cad3836ff1f
'2012-03-31T21:53:30-04:00'
describe
'78951' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJG' 'sip-files00067.QC.jpg'
e8fdef60dfcdd6560f3c714621659ef3
a3eadc295291070f43e37e7c0e805bfe780b424b
describe
'1944948' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJH' 'sip-files00067.tif'
33baee23c72481d01c94afad12ec7d4f
4c1085369430418f74d86735ff9cef0d38f7a169
'2012-03-31T21:55:24-04:00'
describe
'1931' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJI' 'sip-files00067.txt'
803db341574628b63d5728c0936d1c4c
59d03fd36dd970df8f82cc7b5d6b3fd7db488e31
describe
'37708' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJJ' 'sip-files00067thm.jpg'
d57e30ef5f9899ba1ebcc7d50fce08a5
64d837e908c36dd317934cd9351376060ca58093
'2012-03-31T21:52:03-04:00'
describe
'242938' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJK' 'sip-files00068.jp2'
6c0a330c2f1cb7fc79308dbe7958545d
f2bf51407100c5f9d7a942a3ea83a1c00b413e15
'2012-03-31T21:54:06-04:00'
describe
'174549' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJL' 'sip-files00068.jpg'
93362475e3cb34e4a2bca20d91b3f04d
fae7e54904b186baaedfe5ee2b192ec0b460b8cf
describe
'47124' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJM' 'sip-files00068.pro'
69cf24c31ba55c85d5516577ac9359cb
56686b99669e0a4d50371428cb7e86765cf01be9
'2012-03-31T21:52:32-04:00'
describe
'79003' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJN' 'sip-files00068.QC.jpg'
698fbe7e870cf70d5d1f89d5e5cde253
62fcb1fbb10aa48274ee249d63f0214583529926
'2012-03-31T21:56:05-04:00'
describe
'1969180' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJO' 'sip-files00068.tif'
249e7ccfc33c7f8360a2f748a1fe67ff
adf6043d7725928ebbc818007be7ef479a0760fd
describe
'1932' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJP' 'sip-files00068.txt'
bd9412e39ae40c4d2384d572b79ee285
4f08811419d945fdb129d545d025871bf395468b
'2012-03-31T21:53:57-04:00'
describe
'38510' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJQ' 'sip-files00068thm.jpg'
8c4a30805202e8d6260c1f936c082d7f
3288954c5e9b9a756ec45b276c496b3ac068173e
'2012-03-31T21:54:50-04:00'
describe
'236738' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJR' 'sip-files00069.jp2'
3fc0c9344174127c6ad0b8944d6e045b
f67500ccffbe20e26007733da9b214bc33b55551
'2012-03-31T21:52:31-04:00'
describe
'100954' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJS' 'sip-files00069.jpg'
e41821159fd22e21a93e73ac9182e2aa
b92a7e457d7ea3a5f50cb8f106e58f772b74dbf2
'2012-03-31T21:52:50-04:00'
describe
'11091' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJT' 'sip-files00069.pro'
47e5d4cfd67ca5c9294f506944123235
d1dbc1efe8a1ef610f9114bfcf29755b3df5df8f
describe
'48564' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJU' 'sip-files00069.QC.jpg'
c3d10b40a5be11c136a8c7e9f33cfd7b
00b4d13e9a7a6b18e3eac9f40f3214144859de20
'2012-03-31T21:50:37-04:00'
describe
'1915932' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJV' 'sip-files00069.tif'
757d4c4dca286f56ef421849013a69ab
91901d5a8d84d7f665d216bb72c79dce301e2059
describe
'475' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJW' 'sip-files00069.txt'
3367ebe75b015396beb0aeaa042bd19c
2f347b4735ebf9ab8100027315bede86408eb23d
describe
'29289' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJX' 'sip-files00069thm.jpg'
413811775c8c5d299fe28afb16efc4cf
7e47b781de9beeca39f1a2804349b2974a23e105
describe
'242014' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJY' 'sip-files00070.jp2'
a74233fc6230ed66f677670d0f9d0431
ba92333dc56022b9ed71c8312f2b4eb0c276abf9
describe
'73964' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDJZ' 'sip-files00070.jpg'
682cc28a58cc3bcac1f1e753a14a1676
3c999f93fae2f20367ce06b38d6be245d9c050be
describe
'428' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKA' 'sip-files00070.pro'
4ed9da1e042f828fabb40b7018014ac5
02ed7d76854bcbf4389650cce2967659cdb8ef51
describe
'37158' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKB' 'sip-files00070.QC.jpg'
2ae8ffe70971535f28d44ca05721c4b0
0d34130d6b17e96c1e340d81610db9b444d492ef
'2012-03-31T21:53:31-04:00'
describe
'1956808' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKC' 'sip-files00070.tif'
992c5dedcb0cabbdb0dcd9d989538944
70630a4b4827370f0ef1f8d6afbb715a382f5298
describe
'48' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKD' 'sip-files00070.txt'
8feb76e08db240d8a3ad1c4fbfe2be53
1738525108b4e0c9defb9a73838430cbebe1fde4
describe
'25293' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKE' 'sip-files00070thm.jpg'
a91e97841a6b65ba53495198fcb879e4
c63cb311a93ff99ae0e454199f33d1983fd4fef6
describe
'1654' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKF' 'sip-files00071.jp2'
09c8043fd458231a63cd493d48430c34
3a4554cc2bc99956be991661938781b3cde8bf5a
describe
'20600' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKG' 'sip-files00071.jpg'
890acfdeafec8cdb9895c1eaa5b62de6
1b76fac9d28c12c4a3c0c2a38134abd2f3bb30da
'2012-03-31T21:55:01-04:00'
describe
'19037' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKH' 'sip-files00071.QC.jpg'
84fa8683323a8efaf479e2c3a14cc5ff
26ae08eac6d29b5c5d97af6c56f6d6ede05178d8
describe
'2035520' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKI' 'sip-files00071.tif'
fe54b546a7f2a8615453bc9d7a3e5025
ebb947a79ffe9acca5b8ef64459afe648177807a
describe
'18625' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKJ' 'sip-files00071thm.jpg'
522c426c9cebb2258ed23f1941e9ba90
1e699e0795a38026bf3460e4270a8e4adbf82ef8
describe
'247706' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKK' 'sip-files00072.jp2'
1abbf1d7941c63146cbdddd0f1195f57
b2a9d78506dce0ffc8ae4cc365c1233fceef4efd
describe
'163622' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKL' 'sip-files00072.jpg'
e3bcb68436296e024f7e181d0f9653ef
46c1024a84a830ff53ce5225d8d110aa37903258
'2012-03-31T21:52:26-04:00'
describe
'23348' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKM' 'sip-files00072.pro'
1da7011d17b6479d4c18fb84d46e2501
a4312747ccebda1ae18e6945628b0b2807d8cf80
'2012-03-31T21:52:51-04:00'
describe
'69672' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKN' 'sip-files00072.QC.jpg'
d4e500bd7910f48412da247cf79a6127
1ff805262051621b9128c83d487550815ee8cccd
describe
'2006160' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKO' 'sip-files00072.tif'
66c822726439014373cd79bb5a2cdd8d
518a7ec35f5701c4ad274692d1be708aad8ae7fb
'2012-03-31T21:51:55-04:00'
describe
'1141' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKP' 'sip-files00072.txt'
ec4ad31f1dc28dddb5834cf5e38ee357
f454682bb3f034413c4906269f3fe37678180631
describe
'35570' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKQ' 'sip-files00072thm.jpg'
31cbe7e1cc9d3b1e10fedbb235bfcff3
fac7e868812920e8bd6c6b59836bc3d92c24a382
describe
'245026' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKR' 'sip-files00073.jp2'
08cd83093751bc412187a9b73693ba01
2d7835bfca16827742fda0e1190bc0ccfd23a08f
'2012-03-31T21:55:21-04:00'
describe
'165412' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKS' 'sip-files00073.jpg'
31b64b322ab8abcdf1a42959cba37929
6c5582a849b1370e3caadd9830a80f744a7a9d15
describe
'43091' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKT' 'sip-files00073.pro'
0f6ba46821e2ff728a3772d3307fac06
a6d21ac4d6a76aebd274ad27154b659c4552b4f3
'2012-03-31T21:52:29-04:00'
describe
'76716' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKU' 'sip-files00073.QC.jpg'
d0e10a6669da17bafb250daa70a8a020
62be6c8a1ce7278f6e5bd416a136a68364fbbb81
describe
'1986768' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKV' 'sip-files00073.tif'
4d42165bbf220477230e7b002832665b
2a4c8212a4cf4514d46eae680019e0aa4d69dffc
describe
'1800' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKW' 'sip-files00073.txt'
275746b6d11fe4343deda3862fb6bb0f
787309fec3299be94ec867e948213b24c69f7d2f
'2012-03-31T21:50:18-04:00'
describe
'39002' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKX' 'sip-files00073thm.jpg'
17c3918637711a9dbf123112c78cf58a
d35f91f524fe906f4f6ef49287a0295e52e6bced
describe
'247841' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKY' 'sip-files00074.jp2'
ae9febad529068545d2e6c0b85bf465e
3e15acbc2d1ef199e91f66be81f9e938999aac7e
describe
'156386' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDKZ' 'sip-files00074.jpg'
b05569d2bbe4f48c0f314b0d9d71bfb6
c09de7c770561ccf6bffd851fae544846e24d85f
'2012-03-31T21:51:56-04:00'
describe
'42172' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLA' 'sip-files00074.pro'
abcb5987583d1742440950fde7261839
b3dbb1d57ff2215c41c6dcfd7e8c52a15e32665f
describe
'70856' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLB' 'sip-files00074.QC.jpg'
a6e2c1abfc0a337302690b82effa0083
0822fbae243eb56d170f5adb92e10b0e5ec65329
describe
'2008876' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLC' 'sip-files00074.tif'
a02026fb38290555dd421c1c3e203c4c
1d45a574bef25b25d4f4f6e1d6ba2dd591b3b510
describe
'1743' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLD' 'sip-files00074.txt'
2becb8022653b8719866edba9ba66177
c02b6d20fd000e89c5a955c74caf75d708d9639d
'2012-03-31T21:51:20-04:00'
describe
'37370' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLE' 'sip-files00074thm.jpg'
41d8c428d715ea0fb7b1bd539722c179
14026fe88be8a0de171451d7626294b1c53f85cb
describe
'239313' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLF' 'sip-files00075.jp2'
bed6384a871e50119ad55253a1bd5ad2
02275019b24b5fed9339968970e06dc10c637bca
describe
'160466' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLG' 'sip-files00075.jpg'
c6825593b9f414f24bd309d14b756e42
5194d2c7a83022a6e985e02ffc26777a67a95d64
describe
'40567' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLH' 'sip-files00075.pro'
388907b5241d35978af149f53ef57c81
82f2870eebeec8d76d58c29fceba952a6027d402
'2012-03-31T21:49:46-04:00'
describe
'74315' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLI' 'sip-files00075.QC.jpg'
7c46a3b9c2c0b24e71067078a3c7b602
e276bb4c78bc520091b6fc63002d08835bc861f4
'2012-03-31T21:50:40-04:00'
describe
'1939964' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLJ' 'sip-files00075.tif'
ceb8acd02d21f72f2573ef40249e99d5
20d8620ef86fdcd99e5cdb8f3bed4586e2149c46
'2012-03-31T21:55:48-04:00'
describe
'1698' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLK' 'sip-files00075.txt'
b04aa593f9fa00b625b06b9153ace436
3b63b1b5253bf7631b9c2f369bf9a8d71ac51cb3
describe
'38437' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLL' 'sip-files00075thm.jpg'
3b9ff3152bda6f8a8223202951a9431f
d94325e513e2c66acfedc90ebe1b4c4b40ad9d1a
describe
'241172' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLM' 'sip-files00076.jp2'
58a615a483cb783c0ce9d82d68a893fc
108f8fd9e5a777f14b7f77a9706081f2f8b170b1
describe
'164173' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLN' 'sip-files00076.jpg'
573657a18a4e53733a1514886938599d
1629679e9ab9d6d6aec1e141d701525c4a055382
'2012-03-31T21:49:50-04:00'
describe
'44144' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLO' 'sip-files00076.pro'
7438bbf56f1222fc0491a52143440639
b27c643212ed14c92e301169934692384fc88a02
'2012-03-31T21:54:59-04:00'
describe
'75183' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLP' 'sip-files00076.QC.jpg'
0635661b24ad3c1e68d9863f217f66b9
150bf575b177dcd68eb1e53cd07b606c4f3e9706
'2012-03-31T21:56:04-04:00'
describe
'1955832' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLQ' 'sip-files00076.tif'
029bbf37aaeeaaa51a27a5d32be266b1
747c8ebca52603dfb53e97a359ad11875382fbee
'2012-03-31T21:52:34-04:00'
describe
'1777' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLR' 'sip-files00076.txt'
0af1eafc20c4a2994e0110f5e4206fe9
de84ebf97cac5b0c6ae78f1be8e831f3bb3755d7
'2012-03-31T21:51:04-04:00'
describe
'38463' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLS' 'sip-files00076thm.jpg'
77855fb270c4843952634dc5f9661fd5
d35fbaaeb4b911b82b888ee7ceb00ed80c32a60b
'2012-03-31T21:53:16-04:00'
describe
'235542' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLT' 'sip-files00077.jp2'
2392d76c445087d1f27d2eea6efa3340
5c021687829bd0a27fbb2cc179b04385d4921a89
'2012-03-31T21:51:19-04:00'
describe
'147353' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLU' 'sip-files00077.jpg'
040835cea96343186dc23fc8ff339d8e
43738f3f599979caee7c79bfbd3a4dfde9ae12d8
describe
'34474' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLV' 'sip-files00077.pro'
fa662896d27356991c0a89c1571a2274
105427a31910c0565f4c1acaa7fa43a90ae974d0
describe
'70680' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLW' 'sip-files00077.QC.jpg'
36f54ad8b2ea0b7069b4ca138c7879d3
9fe20b6f341b85674feb2fe44ce130c0b3e20666
describe
'1909408' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLX' 'sip-files00077.tif'
6b50200003b110b9adbaef87b8bc4f61
41077fa8b59aaa65d63176d5475c04c386b50116
describe
'1497' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLY' 'sip-files00077.txt'
36e42d970f173ac4a933476df63fa2ba
ee9ed724dd1d412c290c25dc190b55b529e0a6e1
describe
'37753' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDLZ' 'sip-files00077thm.jpg'
946fbdf7e00054bc5620634cbe622fc1
5667520804464be465e0ebf34bc929a14ede7fe7
describe
'231255' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMA' 'sip-files00078.jp2'
138477aa33773ada8ae8948a0c2a37ce
3b6fea54d7ec1bcf82e83ac562810339b575c91e
describe
'144117' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMB' 'sip-files00078.jpg'
c6d78d1b045fd2ef0d05e3f22de048da
5255874866684538be4a1dc2c249d544d26947e0
describe
'34849' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMC' 'sip-files00078.pro'
35396d201c24d4763c20e736e9507bf6
fbfdc6074ad99ae32f2003750282e66eca64b78e
'2012-03-31T21:50:02-04:00'
describe
'67730' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMD' 'sip-files00078.QC.jpg'
4a819dea10db021487efbd7303c256f9
02e4bd0e77cbd1a19bbb93f1c77ae8cb30406f81
'2012-03-31T21:54:04-04:00'
describe
'1875408' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDME' 'sip-files00078.tif'
84851c920461e94e7709b132976f6203
12d355b54e10d7934b3c2b3940fd4dea776e2057
'2012-03-31T21:54:16-04:00'
describe
'1466' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMF' 'sip-files00078.txt'
85845e5039b9ae9975c0861f74eb881c
c5b016e3f17097eec3082e5d6b4c6fe01c55fb27
'2012-03-31T21:53:56-04:00'
describe
'36666' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMG' 'sip-files00078thm.jpg'
5a022d16c162f33bcbf75eaf74a8901d
3c8b95a97d66dbdee2415729f0ff14d41eba757e
describe
'232345' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMH' 'sip-files00079.jp2'
037ae54bcfdebed2464a07bd27e14e50
31ab5c1500f952856e81b571a4fb33a041d55189
'2012-03-31T21:56:03-04:00'
describe
'154904' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMI' 'sip-files00079.jpg'
f3d5dca492dd0b41bca57a6e6d5c2c35
655cd191002839edf6dba0e61950247d191418a1
describe
'39351' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMJ' 'sip-files00079.pro'
c0a18303a726002875a0d742406d6915
6f630c9a14486d830772f6213bac79082ae97435
describe
'73628' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMK' 'sip-files00079.QC.jpg'
cfec21e6dcdfd4a03d2f3449c413b960
3571d8f58ea613a192446e2f67fe3e59b30dd642
describe
'1884092' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDML' 'sip-files00079.tif'
ef12cd275506a48e1cd07fabdb23ad4a
2fd2cb12514101b38940fcad2966773a6435aef7
describe
'1657' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMM' 'sip-files00079.txt'
066e2013d3962734c9357b297e2bcb0f
7ae1948fe5afba316ae3a5cf80999ee80442292e
describe
'37768' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMN' 'sip-files00079thm.jpg'
84608272bf0a89bf8a7683260f74380c
b5cecb613ebe952e154df22cc82b1e831230c1ef
describe
'240246' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMO' 'sip-files00080.jp2'
26fd13b5d089ae297ba8b3a359168170
29357b17bdeca13769430077f2da13ad0b54e118
describe
'152980' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMP' 'sip-files00080.jpg'
a0e629b0181407425462b7d18d01bc83
16655c8abe9ad0b891115d715dd12fe02dc4903d
'2012-03-31T21:51:50-04:00'
describe
'38154' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMQ' 'sip-files00080.pro'
1e58e59b5828031415924395fbd7bd7d
76dd420fe47ab0746fdc9e603e760dfec1155daf
'2012-03-31T21:52:04-04:00'
describe
'72363' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMR' 'sip-files00080.QC.jpg'
31aa27a448c2f0156230d1ed57492789
5c6b010180b3f0633b90b4c228ffb77ef19ea235
describe
'1947564' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMS' 'sip-files00080.tif'
b6e6391f720f2db8eeb3d4249d53ae2e
74d155cfaf4f82843730b3b0dfcf3e57f20f02d6
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMT' 'sip-files00080.txt'
b3d21d95da9e845840fd92946f447ccb
ec22f72737b2f28a0f554dca78abab093bea4e4d
'2012-03-31T21:55:36-04:00'
describe
'37422' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMU' 'sip-files00080thm.jpg'
227614c8b74f78b15d0a8811d31b06ba
52d876203cf4f2efcde38a2c0f610ff02c68c951
describe
'245871' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMV' 'sip-files00081.jp2'
32cfbbeb7353074bcd01c9d6cc95c245
af30203f832dcd75308680ca3cfee5ee86dde652
'2012-03-31T21:52:13-04:00'
describe
'131700' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMW' 'sip-files00081.jpg'
618bb4cf636f72b072feb2928d152dac
17e2b2a1f038d6f2ef57e2ca6b6a45d02f23363f
'2012-03-31T21:49:39-04:00'
describe
'33457' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMX' 'sip-files00081.pro'
8faefc80fc658ce2619bdbce64695949
ff049a5bf40962c116d912393a4e5a17df10f95f
describe
'63998' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMY' 'sip-files00081.QC.jpg'
afb76d90d1c2d0e0f21fdcde61009e96
c4e66b98944336af9236004262941aa5052dfae9
describe
'1991684' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDMZ' 'sip-files00081.tif'
175276e5e5a201fb5bf2d1dc98bbbdc8
4c63054351b933ae24b101a17e6fa0de44a03104
'2012-03-31T21:54:29-04:00'
describe
'1461' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNA' 'sip-files00081.txt'
1d41aafb4454c0332239b7cec6543e2b
89d34ec7d733ba425d0423d80f84f7470ac8a962
describe
'35390' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNB' 'sip-files00081thm.jpg'
3afb7b0d6f302224fadb4a72e28adac2
0a2f8b885aafa6f8157469d8e24a93838e9873b9
describe
'234640' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNC' 'sip-files00082.jp2'
c217e8797f61ab1d90c8e8188d1089e1
ca7a4b9a7ae644d3cd17ba8326a9ea1a23e262da
describe
'153067' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDND' 'sip-files00082.jpg'
6bf2392bad646d01f57e853db4c20bed
9c92d76e14f65831f28f0eb89eb046c6c94bcbe1
describe
'37563' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNE' 'sip-files00082.pro'
947ab60a6e473b02fd537b57cf13f6e2
c7b10e3e4662f849d8b635a66dc9c8d64326456f
'2012-03-31T21:53:33-04:00'
describe
'72548' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNF' 'sip-files00082.QC.jpg'
3523e49f62142df4c038f2404fcadd85
4e418ec7a09bd27a217fb3cc71d5dcd9c3caeca2
describe
'1902580' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNG' 'sip-files00082.tif'
09fbb36f39310a5ef056639afb7d3485
d4da51dcfbba406b3bf715ff533d47a57aa6a7a8
describe
'1578' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNH' 'sip-files00082.txt'
a3115718809ed78e833341c98b46f485
e09a73ca6718797a50cb74fd1ad9b1d23eb5d726
describe
'37564' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNI' 'sip-files00082thm.jpg'
a42f4540fa09d5a1eeea29af7c9d7bd4
25cd9bec669fd25c9781e68562b1ba4873e6f6f7
describe
'246239' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNJ' 'sip-files00083.jp2'
c79d1e323621095254934591eaf8383b
25b7cdedbed4579c7575db731db442c79049e591
describe
'142941' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNK' 'sip-files00083.jpg'
52ab5ae5a2ec75f5b52f17c44245fa1a
636613a952c7ec2a8badf2bfb2db4500ce26ef0e
describe
'35408' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNL' 'sip-files00083.pro'
b3325180add964b39131529ae5cba7d5
aafeacfe7135be222d6ec11d8dced6c9d2d13825
'2012-03-31T21:49:54-04:00'
describe
'67727' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNM' 'sip-files00083.QC.jpg'
6407c54626aa6938d2ae94477238067e
2070e1b0d4cd42f81c8bc2716e3329b3413a2570
'2012-03-31T21:54:00-04:00'
describe
'1995564' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNN' 'sip-files00083.tif'
bbc7a48d1b8383e9cb038363861f90e9
463f59b941ddab61b99b020e6d9e0518d13a4a91
describe
'1502' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNO' 'sip-files00083.txt'
3fe300dbb22cf7251b6b76f426830351
2923111cf0e94ee6b01a245a198bae58d4fd8280
describe
'36625' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNP' 'sip-files00083thm.jpg'
d739b7e8dd7655c0a91b4041d7d29f11
5f619f494ca0b1e9c80780d724f4e6f10d931bec
describe
'246229' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNQ' 'sip-files00084.jp2'
6b237f440545d633b52b40344874007b
95adfbfe12465f0065ed1fffebaeac4ae022722c
describe
'168106' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNR' 'sip-files00084.jpg'
bc4189ed59180e4152af79995e8b9ff8
33509ba6da66bff5e9c2523ca75b06371aa9d19e
'2012-03-31T21:55:29-04:00'
describe
'42530' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNS' 'sip-files00084.pro'
b0cc36182f86603576bbce805ffa2fe1
132c67792bcc560f3881b768bb29e814cac803d0
describe
'75686' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNT' 'sip-files00084.QC.jpg'
658e48d5c5404f52ff3e6a335b8c253e
b15494bc78b723aa19e3125f64b368b20b536e37
describe
'1995940' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNU' 'sip-files00084.tif'
2e7c9ee27c8e11a1be832397ef0e417b
7f4305b8d332da5fee54917413d20f2e287c7bf4
describe
'1782' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNV' 'sip-files00084.txt'
940116bdead52fa94e5e75d025cbb00b
1275b74a49fc69f68870af5ed406a38944673867
describe
'38591' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNW' 'sip-files00084thm.jpg'
50494d0684f1b8e1a072ae4e924f45c8
c144b70586716dcf9a533850195b8adac82e6803
'2012-03-31T21:52:44-04:00'
describe
'243743' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNX' 'sip-files00085.jp2'
732a314013eecfe71b1f7ca25da67fd5
30a2221818753030d6f84a38da735de0ba78c3a8
describe
'167883' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNY' 'sip-files00085.jpg'
9d5fce9db578d5558fadf6b2ec7a3517
2580e5deb0dfe7bfc4eeeefec7e63ffa101354fd
describe
'41843' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDNZ' 'sip-files00085.pro'
49bae3c4d9ff0a46ecc67195b8ade490
37c60855bb367428f7bd055c7f725d2ab66e77ac
describe
'76516' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOA' 'sip-files00085.QC.jpg'
7627bc233b9f8170c12bcae5ddecfc15
a4b87f9791e31044ecf3e687836090499463647c
describe
'1976064' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOB' 'sip-files00085.tif'
6d6173ee9d1cbbad8bb5c6b6c3906777
1f6ad88081cca2d7d394622ae291cbb43977ac62
'2012-03-31T21:54:34-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOC' 'sip-files00085.txt'
e60e18c7fe44ddeb7da4f95036798566
a228d62e868ca15bd22c20c93cb9406d06e099ad
describe
'38571' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOD' 'sip-files00085thm.jpg'
8aee15c30f8a22ebaa5a29c780cbe95c
abad10454eb6a2de685b7d2b3f121721d79698bc
describe
'228977' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOE' 'sip-files00086.jp2'
e390c986c853d48fd113f080e6abc74e
debcc785967f09153e5b010f0d6ae721b84c9aa8
describe
'186236' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOF' 'sip-files00086.jpg'
c524941687ff943faf2c6f8556235a72
aad27a790718410fc13c8d684797dced17f5943f
describe
'45791' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOG' 'sip-files00086.pro'
19159cc2f6932ec6d75363db014b09c3
f0ad7ba8653c5c5376b1c3d7ab8c34e6e5aed69f
describe
'83187' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOH' 'sip-files00086.QC.jpg'
ba736e5ca29c77a4e8392284a26bb441
24313a624e9d9281533f40fe3570d698a309983a
describe
'1858372' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOI' 'sip-files00086.tif'
1cb643ed6b600bb49b6ffc482eab4ab5
72c32f3d5e22fcc83a00174c98c658367469ade8
describe
'1873' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOJ' 'sip-files00086.txt'
6fa7a4f26518eec5f541e0c79366e009
1de6c2ac37d9088cea716c1445b86dbf29074b31
describe
'40594' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOK' 'sip-files00086thm.jpg'
9acd32a466c0dbbf465b3286f82c60a6
4bef5ca05aa62f35a97624fb0e082b4540783148
describe
'237402' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOL' 'sip-files00087.jp2'
8531f71a4e98c91595f483ab526a5f11
348c8403ed2123154623d7c3a3b0c9e5fdc9cdfd
describe
'154433' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOM' 'sip-files00087.jpg'
4ea204663d89b121af78254ac9672dd9
bad948146f00af253ca8de8a4254b72eebd78456
describe
'38077' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDON' 'sip-files00087.pro'
ad62319b0a7fb6d347606b374bdabe26
2bbbef10a26efad53bc28bf17dfaca977e068bfa
describe
'72123' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOO' 'sip-files00087.QC.jpg'
c52b7061110b3248d8714eff1653a646
4aa5bc9fe832a24820dc7d0de80e23aeae5a4c17
describe
'1924792' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOP' 'sip-files00087.tif'
b21e3e5c56c7b8f310b20c0141dcb2c2
b02c1e9a5c6bf9c9f7eff23ea1af7f47511f74a2
describe
'1607' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOQ' 'sip-files00087.txt'
c82d92c7640a6fecbaf8fb6df1b5af74
cbdcfea316b40df82734c3ccb1128d1cf590d7cd
describe
'37592' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOR' 'sip-files00087thm.jpg'
a874852b8ae72f59d82f9401349dd7a0
ecb0465642847e921bd5113d5e073861e7fd3af1
describe
'230002' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOS' 'sip-files00088.jp2'
eb542b72eacd51df384425d63efea68d
45327c840ddc39f68cc3c76a6b56c56c7c90b7ae
describe
'147132' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOT' 'sip-files00088.jpg'
d0bd46396348b027e62d0f43decc57d3
6de2056c32932413f9ed8e4ad15f1bfcad6bd71a
describe
'34059' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOU' 'sip-files00088.pro'
81e6c6823fc9fb8f5b3e0dd72f4109c5
62369fe91203721fb361bf9b7c40edba9403fca3
describe
'70032' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOV' 'sip-files00088.QC.jpg'
79b0ec2808619e8b329f3766066f2568
e97ac4c5dfdb4ed752ac68b3fba458290ae62d19
'2012-03-31T21:55:54-04:00'
describe
'1864532' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOW' 'sip-files00088.tif'
37353738c0a511e10fbf7a54176d81ad
6ac41518c126cafdfa72c04f26992921d925b11d
describe
'1495' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOX' 'sip-files00088.txt'
51e675007a2fa73d2f1d98d68cbb1f83
8936fa9ffccbed9fbecf02add674e313bba861e1
describe
'37155' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOY' 'sip-files00088thm.jpg'
01df26cab59b198660df19056ffdaf61
e8b415027a330c140b434c4d20a9e3a249130da6
describe
'240217' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDOZ' 'sip-files00089.jp2'
7b6d7e35bf468d477bd2350238ba6f74
566ae6f38f1315a044c90cf5300bc88d6b1e0f5e
describe
'128000' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPA' 'sip-files00089.jpg'
2ba7b4eede6b8f56951a6f3f755074c0
584706900624c66e9499ec42e27e1d4e2f91c7bd
describe
'29639' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPB' 'sip-files00089.pro'
a7e1af44ea22b68877b31cbf3a95d3fd
937e3bc645f6342b05fadca2dad2e12189ff4a84
describe
'63001' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPC' 'sip-files00089.QC.jpg'
e1703d38ca4ceaa4e2d5dc52a0313a73
338bb53da0516c0102c7b101f655552c5016ef55
'2012-03-31T21:52:57-04:00'
describe
'1946436' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPD' 'sip-files00089.tif'
a4a8367216206724dd2442ea9fe33a38
e3058f431302a194f8bac63a80ba575401bdc588
describe
'1316' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPE' 'sip-files00089.txt'
09f6b53eb7d5ebc32c26a85fa5ef0e5b
a03927627f306fa327620ff3032df461343f79c8
describe
'35330' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPF' 'sip-files00089thm.jpg'
dc0f4c85afe3af00a10c537773caf40e
a5402039ccab95dfd656ba7f663485099a7c2e8a
describe
'245755' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPG' 'sip-files00090.jp2'
3f29cecd5197ecdb119c704a08edf631
fab0be280aed45d3937a45177f49c52761523ecf
'2012-03-31T21:51:28-04:00'
describe
'152197' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPH' 'sip-files00090.jpg'
fff04401709239ae3255c620a35670df
8dd4297b9a71d59bc3eeb0c79026f4aa0c47ab4a
'2012-03-31T21:53:19-04:00'
describe
'37733' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPI' 'sip-files00090.pro'
f2534dc493999c438df2356952cb260e
f7720c2f49fbc020a930f62885bf74acf32acc19
'2012-03-31T21:55:13-04:00'
describe
'70195' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPJ' 'sip-files00090.QC.jpg'
79feacdbd99bbcbaa53fa942fe366afc
9a60af0a3ce9d622db40497ae0b71097cc4c5a70
describe
'1991904' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPK' 'sip-files00090.tif'
71f0e6fe36907094e3b77e2ccab8e9ef
2be78056ce41c74fd9ee2e14223287f004a84c9f
describe
'1644' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPL' 'sip-files00090.txt'
983dcb4514f76ea8ab754e7aade18e37
46783480ba32e3214a816b17bf67e271391d6fdc
describe
'37006' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPM' 'sip-files00090thm.jpg'
754a727547ec51f0db9f24bb0eb15170
024bbb80ebef7d098a2d591b852b06d38d17ca0f
'2012-03-31T21:51:32-04:00'
describe
'233074' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPN' 'sip-files00091.jp2'
357ea609103ed5ba6e31b95bddc9a4b3
d6b62b7ef0a07c3b96d729ce33727e8f32328e35
describe
'96577' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPO' 'sip-files00091.jpg'
c6f80cda59f69960b16661c48c641caf
16d3300f90b3c6013fa374eb59de08d8d6aa4d58
describe
'8332' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPP' 'sip-files00091.pro'
318ebd042671468faa75c9f08315ff50
9005d1bb9c9f28e7e4152d5c831e09290acbb7b9
describe
'47490' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPQ' 'sip-files00091.QC.jpg'
f24336a8ea03c862b8a148a49bc3d4ca
c0bd4eb5de4925c5406fcf5756b00e917ced9546
describe
'1886980' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPR' 'sip-files00091.tif'
3e4c35f41a9df46c254e28e98524ca7e
d429eda7fd47fadeb8d3055b593c3981cb4e00f2
describe
'385' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPS' 'sip-files00091.txt'
9095ec1163cbcfd6b8114144a62d829c
2b30259475ef9570e2c8f62ce3528949384704fd
describe
'28767' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPT' 'sip-files00091thm.jpg'
bdfcf4395502d7ff12240298013b3a52
ad9dd6f7eb025936c3737600325b3560c2f7eeb7
describe
'230544' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPU' 'sip-files00092.jp2'
d116d19a72cad350029dfdea18bf1d31
5ca624d1d4715c34c36b16886310f61b37c6a292
describe
'80648' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPV' 'sip-files00092.jpg'
40dacb5da04cd6c850954eaa78196f66
f842f9530c793f117be741d8b1a76aacb50f8b71
'2012-03-31T21:53:52-04:00'
describe
'600' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPW' 'sip-files00092.pro'
f4457a2a357cd552c9b4ff25c5cc6dd5
6ad794351420c342889f102af71449ebd8de1e40
describe
'39621' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPX' 'sip-files00092.QC.jpg'
c4219f9d5942acccbf01a35be05db9ff
3925011199c7c248e9188a93d5adcd665f062318
describe
'1865596' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPY' 'sip-files00092.tif'
48a26a1ae6e45013e5e3bfd843ee219f
7216a006970a4bd7e01b84528e340cc8362374e6
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDPZ' 'sip-files00092.txt'
af45d3b551745bde87b46d9564adec1b
1b552111a26a58e912b582501e33de30cd7ef003
describe
'26047' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQA' 'sip-files00092thm.jpg'
b3f02cb09e307dfbd6b9a78f7567429d
26330a9c375ff99ec32be20a959e9827be64b8db
describe
'1635' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQB' 'sip-files00093.jp2'
6c7b23e0e5e6e3d6e4c3ac7dd9bd7941
cbd43c721d7788c2bf35fc99068f62c7b6b0d2b3
describe
'20671' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQC' 'sip-files00093.jpg'
068abcb11193e3eadf5e479043b1c4c0
6d9680394b87c550cfedeb3d143ada010ab3d135
describe
'19049' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQD' 'sip-files00093.QC.jpg'
ae3bc2ead3f390ddb4ce3f34d7dc8ef0
2cfd67fbd904a8f62334f67856b167906157db92
describe
'1794640' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQE' 'sip-files00093.tif'
35005d9e3ee28554b3d555331640e61f
01cdee89f0b57efebb278102fdf74b731258b983
describe
'18627' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQF' 'sip-files00093thm.jpg'
7ca00b9e4151c37884dbe444accdda3c
510a23a4d9059555b1beaa82e7f0f590d0649fc0
describe
'236399' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQG' 'sip-files00094.jp2'
091629a223fb36a234b8acb63eed651a
0b4b2d3f2f635e7d6a23bf5a23ea4aa6113c63d4
describe
'158354' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQH' 'sip-files00094.jpg'
cc79cbeda34973d60632e1a8bc6669b8
f2048589b15aaf5bb23de06b73a5ae84d731121b
'2012-03-31T21:54:27-04:00'
describe
'20518' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQI' 'sip-files00094.pro'
0a619f162e1fd507503d39e3462502b2
2e77223202f959b56c06520cb5581bdd9123b985
describe
'69370' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQJ' 'sip-files00094.QC.jpg'
defb0979b45cfeed19314724d64fda7c
b84c9408b6337a448098a4e03b27bc4857b77b3b
describe
'1916460' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQK' 'sip-files00094.tif'
bf0df8437d4ca655c9c581c86230c90f
cb06efcbf81db42fde25d5eed90ea23e497e3398
'2012-03-31T21:53:17-04:00'
describe
'1002' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQL' 'sip-files00094.txt'
5c7f70ce75788167e67a284d74e2e638
a0ca7e0427baccd09b4a3145520d83c7a8aba271
describe
'36215' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQM' 'sip-files00094thm.jpg'
33ac4752cc0c910e82068e55c014f72d
09e663a908dedcbfa58c5872fb316a4424951468
describe
'242008' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQN' 'sip-files00095.jp2'
e743f4126c07c80a8c96002174a0c1bd
345051c3bbe55f2d835e8c4880c57022d81daf60
'2012-03-31T21:55:20-04:00'
describe
'148600' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQO' 'sip-files00095.jpg'
50b61df027d499809c7b355d8964ff29
b4af2e60860b0578ad6504911e93083993d574fa
describe
'37332' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQP' 'sip-files00095.pro'
853b3fbd0316ae15a646b69bc0dfaa98
36cd34a3c4aba18e7753f2b1763280cd1c6a8fb2
describe
'69295' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQQ' 'sip-files00095.QC.jpg'
60664d2a0c84f7789f3e48eedfff4d1c
3f97a19101bccecb4ef0caa2a4577e6f3626452b
describe
'1962060' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQR' 'sip-files00095.tif'
911331b4e8e774749f66fd338f0e54ac
1d71ad8ba5d585788acd4aa781bbef1a644a5ef9
describe
'1584' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQS' 'sip-files00095.txt'
c7c88628d1acf757d8487d76e89ff3f6
c786e566098c026a4ea19abd563301b049a8d696
describe
'37098' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQT' 'sip-files00095thm.jpg'
00e1834c26e8133083d8021463b88231
068920b4534edb89f27259c9458e718c9205f7d7
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQU' 'sip-files00096.jp2'
d682acfb04317694536779e6115d9eb1
257007b40786e3e4c55b31226feeede91adfa466
describe
'157985' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQV' 'sip-files00096.jpg'
3f2455e4a5f61b5d7e08af7acc3c5fd1
358eabf5d50c37cc60231795ac5c970012666ee7
describe
'41018' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQW' 'sip-files00096.pro'
a095022fad53659cb384ac448dfd4d36
c78e26186c7bade2602259169c28b518038bafa8
describe
'71148' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQX' 'sip-files00096.QC.jpg'
6488a2bfbd726721689625513f1d1912
f53f14356d788ab960367eb5158aaa67bb7023f9
describe
'2003604' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQY' 'sip-files00096.tif'
bdd4976077dd858524fe3be792685900
2c47a784e91d19c73a2726121ebff366a886a86b
describe
'1723' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDQZ' 'sip-files00096.txt'
3a92552ef4347f207c6b8fec446666b2
2f605b9b3414bdfba8afbde46748f918e50098c5
describe
'37101' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRA' 'sip-files00096thm.jpg'
826b3222a7d3da89154c7a5c9a03ea93
4e03e6ef25218860d525cbd7bf376dcd13f998a0
describe
'222765' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRB' 'sip-files00097.jp2'
cb77149f240b45f2b2c36cb862c64594
ae362c4640cead73bf2493fb68340c0b07b06778
describe
'153056' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRC' 'sip-files00097.jpg'
26c9737f8d417bc6481870b439dae559
790dac2278ce3783468958051f92b5f2e4db4477
'2012-03-31T21:56:10-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRD' 'sip-files00097.pro'
6f24e3ee9e9535d45165c041e77fd49c
ba587f0d914df657cd4c5ec709383c224087d1c5
describe
'72857' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRE' 'sip-files00097.QC.jpg'
90764c609d190921d40a0789dea35598
1dcd530c2c1cb585264b9dc9ecde0f2f76ab46ec
'2012-03-31T21:53:18-04:00'
describe
'1807976' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRF' 'sip-files00097.tif'
546213835d666cec5896f563531fdd31
04bba6640c52d0dd81a35ca8b2e9f4b8f4bcacc9
describe
'1703' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRG' 'sip-files00097.txt'
fa3685d124e3f0706ccf00aa3dbf2acf
e2913e5dbc006fe827eaf3d6bcca1fdc3461b007
describe
'38135' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRH' 'sip-files00097thm.jpg'
55a3a654c4560e643bc866f8be87b56f
194c4f22b38ef48e8e1bbc27989dc8c329a41536
describe
'238218' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRI' 'sip-files00098.jp2'
10dace823b493a6f5c8165ee364f694d
58b711f92c995d07b23d2c97e7f997dba354b67d
'2012-03-31T21:53:39-04:00'
describe
'149204' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRJ' 'sip-files00098.jpg'
8f3a57073d0074191c519ab4443f53fe
ecb0a9ad4d8d0c8b1858e8e2094369aaac3bc1b6
describe
'36608' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRK' 'sip-files00098.pro'
9d39ef83da96cf31b7e7bbf0406376ca
a6d1a856565967f0ab4e68760d6384707d18e332
describe
'70836' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRL' 'sip-files00098.QC.jpg'
77011b92b93446e386bfe20ee43ba0a9
f85be684a07d959ea2bd25aebe73c3dfd5173cbd
describe
'1931684' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRM' 'sip-files00098.tif'
57cd6e8dd1f6ca408d7596a19817bed1
d190a54ed2bc99629529be483831bac384649fd4
'2012-03-31T21:52:17-04:00'
describe
'1571' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRN' 'sip-files00098.txt'
3d204a338526259ed022b40e7d898996
d60fc9928cc6eb0669798da634c861d512483b9c
describe
'36744' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRO' 'sip-files00098thm.jpg'
0d4a24a1355cccf9d153317e6c336b70
26aa2e8aa35874b73ef315bd11c0c1ccd4807022
describe
'238852' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRP' 'sip-files00099.jp2'
86d1106b468cd13f91a515dc9bc3d34e
0d27cd004b8420e83d885f6d8dba47b519c22a37
describe
'157460' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRQ' 'sip-files00099.jpg'
55dae5ed403f5624055ac2cb2cbce70c
6f1cf03553f480f303b6c6050f3c2bcecd39cd20
describe
'38532' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRR' 'sip-files00099.pro'
0535da8ae65d3768abf8a94343afba9b
fe8077258eb2ced97795775a22c9e56aba4972b3
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRS' 'sip-files00099.QC.jpg'
ff046fc909f977f800854ae302050a0c
e5f2559a31da2fb87d17e52287b23b6f67386ea8
'2012-03-31T21:50:35-04:00'
describe
'1936376' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRT' 'sip-files00099.tif'
adb982acab10d22dbc44ce290dfc5d20
568963da8c9cc3f71469e9e1e1fc8d78aaecb674
'2012-03-31T21:53:35-04:00'
describe
'1758' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRU' 'sip-files00099.txt'
944c1582e97afbf628a3b6ad2da1a2b6
ff90400efbcde3c36b76acc6a2e2989655c40055
describe
'37734' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRV' 'sip-files00099thm.jpg'
84b4acae8b16f7fe981e138a8a29b459
81701650183d23019f82a4f32a7c0e57fd3d1df7
describe
'238592' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRW' 'sip-files00100.jp2'
5504574c4ed87f28e856c4bb4bab2c8e
e63a7a2cd1e5f7bcb19861be71f2deedab13d2b9
'2012-03-31T21:49:28-04:00'
describe
'163550' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRX' 'sip-files00100.jpg'
db14f47beaac700483deb6903d9031ac
e7775259089e9b67c37658db9151f25a0967aabe
describe
'41364' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRY' 'sip-files00100.pro'
59b2d2d7485750c28a5a9b0336cc357b
3abc1a43227a0eafb1b4d5a5a159da4af41a7bfc
describe
'73639' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDRZ' 'sip-files00100.QC.jpg'
1ceb726978d905bb0328613768253de6
e09313182be1eb7b37ae6286ecffba45729c1f1b
describe
'1934208' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSA' 'sip-files00100.tif'
4525b733e7828b59a2f66f4a8fafa58b
18767f126280b589355b9c6d813a90d854b80b1f
'2012-03-31T21:49:30-04:00'
describe
'1728' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSB' 'sip-files00100.txt'
1bc735a6ff98576893c509b921dc93ae
5828fa2791e5403b2990376648afa99855ec87c7
describe
'38308' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSC' 'sip-files00100thm.jpg'
7670a97343c24a44fc9f583f2463aeb1
431f952142901c2fcd62678f9c481200ca9b932a
'2012-03-31T21:53:04-04:00'
describe
'232437' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSD' 'sip-files00101.jp2'
1c3a4d8900a7bf52c2d4ebe169072768
217ebe8fb39321bac25217242375a77fd5b8e8da
describe
'146349' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSE' 'sip-files00101.jpg'
704845c27ce9faca1ad1d97f5d4500e5
6f4613b5e66340bdf4161f680540772533344eb3
'2012-03-31T21:50:45-04:00'
describe
'35917' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSF' 'sip-files00101.pro'
69569e073b65118cd76e3981937f6a9a
ba80e8ce15053c4d36807ada0f6c4e84f306e574
describe
'69914' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSG' 'sip-files00101.QC.jpg'
e9f79fe9069cedfdfd76e7ad5a2a7ee7
84a04058a9bb6e3a768f383edc8b45bda0fdedd0
describe
'1885016' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSH' 'sip-files00101.tif'
85b08e9e9765e26d47efa3518bff3b69
3c31f8d70f4b4a4fcd54930ce406867df02436f8
describe
'1544' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSI' 'sip-files00101.txt'
78686646d72327c0e4d8e46fa1ddfdef
0bc27ce8bf3681b502fbe836a800e960a1a7d7e4
describe
'37845' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSJ' 'sip-files00101thm.jpg'
169536563ed128ff73443e45904fa7d8
e16ab62816e6d89880f15a2e378f0c91376cd8bb
describe
'236202' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSK' 'sip-files00102.jp2'
e4cd4ec7a6cf69e2a0773e0ec40dd392
8a6137c03e425f267c0c5c59a95c782183ecda0d
'2012-03-31T21:55:11-04:00'
describe
'160281' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSL' 'sip-files00102.jpg'
10a448fb4a079dda4cfac93ca37ab4e3
9401427f9bce4eb6cac13d5586df45944965a3ad
describe
'38338' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSM' 'sip-files00102.pro'
80c01ad0509e9a0648dda369734d0e0d
6e108e901b441cf893deb26ad58c334156ef13a7
'2012-03-31T21:53:46-04:00'
describe
'74087' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSN' 'sip-files00102.QC.jpg'
52525c55f57f9cf0a0ee894aeb0eb4c1
caf5cd7fc2004b7770fa4bb944b9e463f86564c9
describe
'1915632' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSO' 'sip-files00102.tif'
4b43851c3ad1741759dc5639ea82bc56
bbcaf71fd682bc9c10dd750eede2d7646c7c2eb8
describe
'1604' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSP' 'sip-files00102.txt'
4a8f7e529a9b46fc86cfc650c600a15b
230f3c27b8bb6c5271f36480cc062fcf93aeaad8
describe
'38142' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSQ' 'sip-files00102thm.jpg'
a3b4ae6d84e0fba0ad42f7e11f4752af
56f455e28241e0a5b79c67644d74ea74dcc9c931
'2012-03-31T21:54:15-04:00'
describe
'238146' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSR' 'sip-files00103.jp2'
2d43d8a3be3a710e91a485a5c8152318
c77569b16ef62211730973d10d9cf30fdb7b00d5
describe
'145335' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSS' 'sip-files00103.jpg'
a0b38d64ec0f1548d850afe312843692
399efe807202aa0d987bd0fb4ccddee33d8f2b58
describe
'34147' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDST' 'sip-files00103.pro'
87595c6b289a66e2d992837df31b53e4
5f995a7760239fc1cf6b9469886f6cc19f07a532
describe
'68888' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSU' 'sip-files00103.QC.jpg'
1d90ef85ed68a0951df1d77a2e6e3c49
d2ed2b723a0e3e1745490574f15299a3c09a0aee
'2012-03-31T21:54:20-04:00'
describe
'1930020' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSV' 'sip-files00103.tif'
a9969a777329d92dfd18f2c9e947c576
9d99e554ff41e5facc1fe13dfe784f017d34a144
describe
'1474' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSW' 'sip-files00103.txt'
4bbf6ccc5036b04792a498cb3b1eddd2
7bafb9d165e98da0ee3455805b60ed4f7a3c7fce
describe
'36552' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSX' 'sip-files00103thm.jpg'
896d21343ba4371b36d21c48f2b1fec0
2f22c2ae2cd61350d3c0752d2fd87dd0e456ba4e
describe
'225723' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSY' 'sip-files00104.jp2'
fcea24c11b53cd57c16f9fea60e418ab
c04605074ba0f11fd1227ef58304ea041110a21b
'2012-03-31T21:50:54-04:00'
describe
'159485' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDSZ' 'sip-files00104.jpg'
ffcef4aa5742dc681c2cb70c608d300b
d9cdb4102650eb01c2b4e52a459115276b1eacd2
'2012-03-31T21:50:00-04:00'
describe
'38066' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTA' 'sip-files00104.pro'
e71d7864a0f7cfe139ee6fb431499ceb
892752d712ed08c557c5a0b6a2acb50f2200a4fc
describe
'73818' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTB' 'sip-files00104.QC.jpg'
b162704ac8c10d83673a320f51b8dc50
769f4eeb47197984fc4da42bdcfa15e2462d4771
describe
'1831864' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTC' 'sip-files00104.tif'
9d084cf5f9a96f4e0478751c56728395
d672ac099339427e70ffafbfd309bcfbe56bf409
'2012-03-31T21:51:48-04:00'
describe
'1596' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTD' 'sip-files00104.txt'
4ebb57c7b68c42d524a4cfb6fbe2cd37
bd568aa3de5fc45bf9f17c008baaeaa65bec4116
describe
'38378' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTE' 'sip-files00104thm.jpg'
a83362a0c3a3c4d03b66e12cfbc3e6bc
580abc64e6c26806730264fcb3ecd0e14a2a7df8
'2012-03-31T21:54:45-04:00'
describe
'237195' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTF' 'sip-files00105.jp2'
378c3137883433b2db1e7c84fd1fa353
4efcb764b8ad4bbd92da0c1ccef3f4d56b0ea991
describe
'148802' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTG' 'sip-files00105.jpg'
fe627247ef5f9d0d768f5708c64ac15f
8bf72685629980452b8651a2fe32eeb78430f429
describe
'35691' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTH' 'sip-files00105.pro'
b17df5afe9a46e631763b8aba5d6dc40
9dfdcd0a311ef13027c1d3fa3b4db6add5472ded
describe
'69816' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTI' 'sip-files00105.QC.jpg'
7fa40d3f786dfe0e96b9830514b906e2
b90e1e115ffad75d6387a432b37cbcecc72c68c3
describe
'1922476' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTJ' 'sip-files00105.tif'
bf14a7775d9e36f90aac7b6c0fbf5f0e
096feaf2c8d02050ea45ca3a08c821ac9b7f8d2f
describe
'1532' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTK' 'sip-files00105.txt'
18e740a33847b35f3a140b90d5226715
e69c55f929cd3c76f3c36f6c114c9ac48cc96d04
describe
'36284' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTL' 'sip-files00105thm.jpg'
90b739ddb72166244731fa1e6b6734be
e58d9da844ddf29b5cb76df7e070c2c1184e3811
'2012-03-31T21:49:59-04:00'
describe
'234885' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTM' 'sip-files00106.jp2'
72f3ffad8c8e2f3727f69968045a28d9
a07339c46ecc803d6da751ed3b408f79dff2ce1e
'2012-03-31T21:49:34-04:00'
describe
'171028' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTN' 'sip-files00106.jpg'
56d07918e1c136e3763f96ff8f5a8ac4
2226cb33760242cd6d29960d9c6c3fc44e528a26
'2012-03-31T21:52:14-04:00'
describe
'40699' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTO' 'sip-files00106.pro'
f35aeaa466a0b648c8c729afea596275
b40c5514a51927c4d2fc6a4b1137a778d5d82062
describe
'77164' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTP' 'sip-files00106.QC.jpg'
ed6650ca9ddab9a4a9b0460536d6ec8c
f7c83682b5eb42f1795d652019ad2436e58e8ba2
describe
'1905244' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTQ' 'sip-files00106.tif'
81d1b78ee5900a30e9862590b1805d09
6c4741fb6b115695317311399b1ac16e91e2baad
'2012-03-31T21:52:01-04:00'
describe
'1732' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTR' 'sip-files00106.txt'
92b12c67b35aeab36c18da0f0ba92481
511094b94ae41f68ab77bb6be87b599ef816651e
describe
'38958' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTS' 'sip-files00106thm.jpg'
bd1fb01f29b325db9828aee1526f9fad
be0b30fc55a6eed413370472c45f8237e36f07f8
describe
'240050' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTT' 'sip-files00107.jp2'
97f03182cf848e7b444b557accad320d
28c883e00e16c0cf66aa986442c9624b1a29310b
describe
'165105' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTU' 'sip-files00107.jpg'
51f691d7733433dfad480d68815f9927
884e2152ad7e3413b738f1bf0c13ddd352abdf26
'2012-03-31T21:53:34-04:00'
describe
'41051' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTV' 'sip-files00107.pro'
8bf49b1d2853b89c23c87cdea7e4ad4a
1cd98f5768b6cd492798f5ea33d6e909cea0db16
describe
'75852' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTW' 'sip-files00107.QC.jpg'
e1ddc41c8ef1363151504da438b9854a
46f2965a612a1774c31a76afebdc75a5c9dd8bf2
describe
'1946480' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTX' 'sip-files00107.tif'
9c18d8aecec88117d7111ed630f4aaf7
3d3047dcded0e1e5cce9676d703362c4e0890428
describe
'1669' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTY' 'sip-files00107.txt'
fb6fe4ee550ffe365e5ffe3cca4bb68d
0384c3fcbe7dececd376f39c6ebab2ef2f91213e
describe
'38609' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDTZ' 'sip-files00107thm.jpg'
de4a5507bcc94e53df0154f3bd29a32f
2da769f61cd6cc00d08c2d1446b159b7ac001665
describe
'242194' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUA' 'sip-files00108.jp2'
e4446a9ba28d63a7ef5dbf101a67e09a
fd0307f512ad2e1dbbc777b2906c67b7371310b2
describe
'159634' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUB' 'sip-files00108.jpg'
88a61a1014e505eebf291045abba5aba
6b5c27fa69cf3c93304c19ea422b6bf71e56b17e
'2012-03-31T21:51:07-04:00'
describe
'38624' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUC' 'sip-files00108.pro'
501908f46ac5adfb11715ac8a2bc8565
f4a4ef03c04a162f83cfb045b0a934718b5325fd
describe
'72117' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUD' 'sip-files00108.QC.jpg'
2b8563cfe72c5664865dd05456377aae
40de84ab56240302c2cfc10edf3e514ba1233a76
describe
'1963660' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUE' 'sip-files00108.tif'
3d1f1d85e399a3d571a09b91ee92ba02
2da9fd2f62adce5fd5ed74bd51458349c49a8770
describe
'1690' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUF' 'sip-files00108.txt'
9fa5368576935f8dbecfab2ddffdafe4
f863fb73a131df5967ed4952688daf5c6fa1e899
describe
'37822' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUG' 'sip-files00108thm.jpg'
72ff04f3624743a8b91f59a111d3b0d8
2ce34ec9292340eea3c69d49cf4a73be3330400d
describe
'241753' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUH' 'sip-files00109.jp2'
c82e6351edb9bc00d0bc1e43e96ea9d4
52afc8142be7d41dd706b98a1d3f58294ebce1a3
describe
'112199' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUI' 'sip-files00109.jpg'
da02a973921e2b3d0646376f0b710b81
15c0d232ecf91d76cb583d709ba6d3ad53a2e52e
describe
'15315' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUJ' 'sip-files00109.pro'
8b915d1dda187384b3ad9b56f034b2e1
8bddb0da6b7d114188e7896d5569bed9c9e44c05
describe
'52919' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUK' 'sip-files00109.QC.jpg'
b83fe8a48ceb478519c889962d8c2e54
65b9c220d8eafa82fbda2187f868ff0fef40d3b0
describe
'1957160' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUL' 'sip-files00109.tif'
2d6e6aedf5aa6e94d6463156d42531f0
e680d9fc029983a137ff3c92bd3d961e89aea1fb
describe
'633' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUM' 'sip-files00109.txt'
addd5b9a6b26ff773aaf42d87f81260d
8b655a51f2813c5406a2aeec4687f877f8975e62
describe
'30642' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUN' 'sip-files00109thm.jpg'
740e5f6fe887a35e0aad522362175439
eca7d31c77409432f8afd713b7a1af55ba5f63c4
describe
'234501' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUO' 'sip-files00110.jp2'
bf7739764c5106a5d003b88299d89c9c
22096b5ac2145d36f311afb8f7737c155fc808a3
describe
'83201' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUP' 'sip-files00110.jpg'
e555e1a355382c106bc8335de168acab
f356411962af4398af816caf00d2c622e9cb8a47
describe
'796' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUQ' 'sip-files00110.pro'
2001bf94a2bcf2a57a7d21c7934b0056
c88871be709a88ce7498af1cf5a59f5195e4f985
describe
'40098' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUR' 'sip-files00110.QC.jpg'
992fe5c39714d537eb8cd7b732a64302
f22bfe75997da359138ab922f67c0184c4a646e2
'2012-03-31T21:55:35-04:00'
describe
'1897808' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUS' 'sip-files00110.tif'
9ad27db60f8f320fec2ac4e378414666
59eb8b39db2108069194eead330be9568361e3d5
describe
'55' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUT' 'sip-files00110.txt'
eb8c38e40f6ca681d3e55dcc3aa83d2f
1713a8fb8b1a2a380686a7eed8f7fce87198408d
describe
'26395' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUU' 'sip-files00110thm.jpg'
bf502d001a8a9c56f8b59ea34bc50e2e
0b1d26f69f625637c4e82a9a6b06e3aa821ef3b3
describe
'1647' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUV' 'sip-files00111.jp2'
839d8a801c47df0c7f12d4d8d72b8a27
928403a61989d49db644937b9add85730566b057
describe
'20645' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUW' 'sip-files00111.jpg'
a3470736c3c9c226415ed5832cd91833
784ffc3da5607a6957b2e59d561f0d653230d50a
describe
'19043' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUX' 'sip-files00111.QC.jpg'
acc6a2f4cda9115e1eef6c3661e6268d
96d1544561a6fcfba1191b3103136fc0e27c1e26
describe
'1947292' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUY' 'sip-files00111.tif'
114b9cee2e070151c7f76fed1add89b8
4b3dd70c622612d65450b931be3e898b7cd8a79b
'2012-03-31T21:55:51-04:00'
describe
'18616' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDUZ' 'sip-files00111thm.jpg'
1a6dc3cad30eca5359de1c57f9e489a0
7010e8c5ed3c65ade41e5465eeae5493823fe142
describe
'242863' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVA' 'sip-files00112.jp2'
66a5396a4763c4bfe9da271e3a9dbe0d
cc5080ba457cb1f9aeb699e238339ba362479c70
describe
'156338' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVB' 'sip-files00112.jpg'
f6fd43b2332b840f385808053876b8a2
c3f636744b24ff2e62d118b10b306cc375ccbce9
describe
'20211' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVC' 'sip-files00112.pro'
9ba6881586c7027bf505ba76277d595f
8fcf772c380531511bce16e1346e0ea394f2d17d
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVD' 'sip-files00112.QC.jpg'
6fcb29bf4b0acaeec1c4bb08f0d5299b
374b7c61ae8c92f4b3f5f8bf2ed80db25798590a
'2012-03-31T21:54:37-04:00'
describe
'1968264' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVE' 'sip-files00112.tif'
88f3be47317ae4e0ce7236401eadd77c
167fc898bcef85538f00f7affc8f98c9ced31f94
describe
'996' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVF' 'sip-files00112.txt'
0eeadc698a9c52207bd8255752772394
bdb77803993a424da0d976a46fc2d0e36d47042a
describe
'37393' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVG' 'sip-files00112thm.jpg'
054a9b519d6c1103c1a0e35924020529
9a198c16663e99c2751b474f0152aec8b9668102
describe
'246407' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVH' 'sip-files00113.jp2'
b823ef3e824de3c88903572ed2024ebc
63b6580b1be49b6c13a09bb33e327026a3a80eb4
describe
'122811' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVI' 'sip-files00113.jpg'
1a63def570cb99139b803679d2dab921
9276beab3403cec27628822eb454328acf2d7941
describe
'26261' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVJ' 'sip-files00113.pro'
52ab4d131501449a90372a86537fc018
e55913bde76c8c295ad6c6cb6d133eda0bd487f3
describe
'59283' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVK' 'sip-files00113.QC.jpg'
c7440c497c813765393c8b76b8a1f469
c0c1a44e501d8ab4b22d9d46fe2f1b924d6a8cc9
describe
'1995596' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVL' 'sip-files00113.tif'
a3c602421e7847f0c7401f9e1f41c9ae
9649108de0e77372c1cf1ec58f6fa7a12e785c8c
describe
'1232' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVM' 'sip-files00113.txt'
0a8d4556062e082a922af3a7a4d82f02
f9d84f8c9af4621c80eecd2c6e6d5cb1cf61fe08
describe
Invalid character
'34032' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVN' 'sip-files00113thm.jpg'
e826752acd1924be14414fb7700a5a0b
4d22fdea6182a662566a7af693c57384b7db583c
describe
'228102' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVO' 'sip-files00114.jp2'
48109850b83c164a57ab142c145393ee
cedc59377e29cdb62127b5302c8ccc4ea913ea60
describe
'158592' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVP' 'sip-files00114.jpg'
e820da69e6200fd387052ca1f81a8c74
c2b0031630b59eca87d79eaeeb2a9f4e70df3ccd
'2012-03-31T21:53:26-04:00'
describe
'34775' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVQ' 'sip-files00114.pro'
83d7d7a97200611341672ca05cdc6471
1d0c05546ea687a9e7fa6b0b15be8c2bb9c06527
describe
'72466' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVR' 'sip-files00114.QC.jpg'
3beec37f4e869f0d3dcc2478e67d86a3
f1959d791480cdcf905bcb9a8dd03e343ced4e43
describe
'1850724' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVS' 'sip-files00114.tif'
868462133287baabe4792a95e7e5fa2e
0b62783eb6d1911b6350580040445a303dfa8eee
'2012-03-31T21:53:53-04:00'
describe
'1536' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVT' 'sip-files00114.txt'
51f472bb5620aa1cce0d1c4bd15b1185
b4970bb3bd35b0d21b0d681ccc263db11346b412
describe
'37612' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVU' 'sip-files00114thm.jpg'
06ee7789055850dc913e7186e8291f1a
d474bf1c40b0c8a9dc642d067d2b3cc6a4f4133a
describe
'242877' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVV' 'sip-files00115.jp2'
c6c6720d57b7b729da704f10eb38dac8
36e5c60a855f970d7b8f1be8e06c376bda058c0b
describe
'157059' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVW' 'sip-files00115.jpg'
d27fcb627844596bd171116ae35ece61
c2c9c58cb69b67fa197e250b6694bf2ee9963624
describe
'37027' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVX' 'sip-files00115.pro'
c4c034409de3c586750d042e9104f85c
8237b492344ec4e0054ed240b44e244354aa48c3
describe
'71817' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVY' 'sip-files00115.QC.jpg'
a4bc56ce9394335e2144655cffe85e8b
13a5b92b52eedc3fc1d898407457a8143ee3213d
describe
'1969472' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDVZ' 'sip-files00115.tif'
1a369639d094662dbd6760954b92df7c
a1aa42e17832eddf89160160643ae5c5a0aa4eae
describe
'1588' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWA' 'sip-files00115.txt'
fc5838defa837fa135ce12ac438440cc
c7188cdfb5b24ecbd51b3570bc5b92290bacfaec
describe
'37453' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWB' 'sip-files00115thm.jpg'
2404ffa50014a03f420f3b18e8434ac9
cacf9f812d70b8da26e243a89b204d662dd1f938
describe
'239154' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWC' 'sip-files00116.jp2'
f9b8002d615a917b7fa23ad6a63540ea
db91122c03f7ddf805ead6c86b3bfb676cd79f22
describe
'155053' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWD' 'sip-files00116.jpg'
6cbec7c40932f5b23da1df8cda5ba47a
e8de466f84ce63af68cc021339f89932f97fef88
describe
'36472' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWE' 'sip-files00116.pro'
b97f48344a7b6d453f93ea94e1126949
c283253649e65d43a8162ac824281f84620b3d02
describe
'70688' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWF' 'sip-files00116.QC.jpg'
a4e9a0593cd65d037f17075077d962c4
8c3f463f876a2d1b682c376ad6b2f7f40e56b3a8
'2012-03-31T21:51:03-04:00'
describe
'1938908' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWG' 'sip-files00116.tif'
6ecd15cb9fb06037794373607a6001dc
7673b11411544ae4ce05fb3d9e0216b6637dec7e
describe
'1559' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWH' 'sip-files00116.txt'
f32f83eb31cdce3fc397c8fbc8b55f79
7b39ab0b94327d44edd704ac1bb16b54597e1b58
describe
'37298' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWI' 'sip-files00116thm.jpg'
7e5fa93341786fcf8f2dcb1e162c70ce
8bb82fc0269dff60a42424a69b941329e7c48910
describe
'248076' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWJ' 'sip-files00117.jp2'
1094d10e4798a9ceac43640d0c918547
5a7fcb503c4498ecfa70db1a7d47ebe5bc476390
describe
'147613' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWK' 'sip-files00117.jpg'
dcafef1ba9177379aa3aa96c5e29bd14
8f27a5b26879c022cac161840cc49778b806b191
describe
'35695' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWL' 'sip-files00117.pro'
67c0c0a9e406faec8bc067b91ab190c9
2dec926a98ac16b1c86140e708867432714d9928
describe
'68761' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWM' 'sip-files00117.QC.jpg'
7054ab19373a9395838787461aafb5a7
5919997b43a4580a1b7d7661dc4129e6ee0f346b
describe
'2010220' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWN' 'sip-files00117.tif'
eca974e6bf67e7b2dba866c316e7bc06
c4b81214701c10194bcec77b2a497880a673dee5
describe
'1518' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWO' 'sip-files00117.txt'
083aeee796ed9332071143d1ae9be69e
f9855dd3f8f93ee27a9d7f34a259f4311dc50647
describe
'36597' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWP' 'sip-files00117thm.jpg'
0115f61132158878f77c49efe89baabd
d2434b322e5a9e35be70240d31f08bd01fb08882
'2012-03-31T21:55:53-04:00'
describe
'249277' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWQ' 'sip-files00118.jp2'
2923fe89ba13b964cc4cbab72b50a36d
4c7b912246fce587b2bd748966c2c27b1b86cef4
describe
'162144' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWR' 'sip-files00118.jpg'
2f47a79c96ff8a527aeb818d53e956b1
8b1d3e0da53839ebf84491cc30fb20718a76871f
describe
'41782' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWS' 'sip-files00118.pro'
8afd56b15baa1af9a7a691719c5b14ac
4b9ca4c1369e128d0794af943eaf0c30db0222ca
describe
'72223' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWT' 'sip-files00118.QC.jpg'
1d319d4e0f2ddc188e3b60024c5ed730
9b943ecc2795bf5476a5c50a557d30a39c81529e
describe
'2019796' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWU' 'sip-files00118.tif'
49da65aa024700b305247f139a2109ba
119635c0ce9502becb7928121fe81a2d462bea81
describe
'1754' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWV' 'sip-files00118.txt'
be845fa672084e816da80fa9bc6637a8
8fbce4fc1a1285f1ade392a259c1d97127d888ec
describe
'37106' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWW' 'sip-files00118thm.jpg'
5fc3486f7c10a42460eecd63b00b032d
5681765a98e3f80baa02863a16bf4107581ce747
describe
'245416' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWX' 'sip-files00119.jp2'
436f19e8c3e26b9e465d50e925c41463
65cfd42fd38ccfa6c973b73532923e72b61a65ef
describe
'143883' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWY' 'sip-files00119.jpg'
69f3f007d83c68e7d85d5e01bfb359bb
07e45fa283de33426e4f270a100886e65cd49d43
describe
'34577' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDWZ' 'sip-files00119.pro'
df90ec4d7b71b4162b085357b61a6306
afeadab005ba1a84203923f2ae056193a9bceefc
describe
'68002' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXA' 'sip-files00119.QC.jpg'
22f871f42e73e310e8f8970e7d05b943
a5c38ed374d1e3fe1a734e10c9b02c0723fc0e70
describe
'1987912' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXB' 'sip-files00119.tif'
3a428f1139c97ec9c87ed71701315ec0
dcfc57777bf224ce677a683ff5103c7cdd169515
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXC' 'sip-files00119.txt'
d69ab75c7799ceae8e6c84c2657f30d9
fc1be2a976a863b03b3b4dc1e14a230be57d63ae
describe
'36090' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXD' 'sip-files00119thm.jpg'
986377184cf3da808a50b411f1b9be76
3a8ed211a07acbfef41ad13b99b0bda5ea3879fa
describe
'254073' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXE' 'sip-files00120.jp2'
11c072564ce117412fcc9969d9208692
7e010bb03dbb3ba072c9fb5fbcfbe5831c827f7c
describe
'142018' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXF' 'sip-files00120.jpg'
c8cca468d574c8b4d90764d737786797
a9a383c19b1ef3ba7a52aab6b9ccb4f82e09b277
describe
'35174' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXG' 'sip-files00120.pro'
9f6e0b703f561863bcc9a8665e38046c
dd5fcc83935c45527070ac7b823a124199877b16
describe
'65497' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXH' 'sip-files00120.QC.jpg'
3a5bde8563cb094bb5902355693abd9f
ba419359af09a60515c5ba9b329e10e4f50d6bcb
describe
'2058588' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXI' 'sip-files00120.tif'
11f3d240b0d06715a8e40bcbb4eead93
adfe1d0b25b47c3f9f1be23fe3b09f0a245e9e57
'2012-03-31T21:54:18-04:00'
describe
'1525' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXJ' 'sip-files00120.txt'
06cb265d80ba1cb60d93d2bfeb9ead3b
aafec6c8627c70a2926ef6fec079a632f4c8f761
describe
'35569' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXK' 'sip-files00120thm.jpg'
0eac27d3b82fb089eeebbedec7fe3595
da4aa27ce6ff752c47ec106819baec9964b56a28
'2012-03-31T21:50:47-04:00'
describe
'253594' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXL' 'sip-files00121.jp2'
2e54473eac68f1457f054d6de175d0e9
c285dfaf73d4e9134e27953fbffbb96424f63cc1
describe
'150490' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXM' 'sip-files00121.jpg'
e63a7f8cc500c5b3174429852d66454b
7836260cc39343989423ae26dbfaaf0221731006
describe
'40031' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXN' 'sip-files00121.pro'
ddff5ba8eca79e2d0928adfc4796e960
26f3e52a64a516ea1bd84523d9b3fdbfccb5e524
describe
'71343' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXO' 'sip-files00121.QC.jpg'
74ab2a86fdf4f7fca170ae3ff2982c06
848c6e4c2f9b75f73d3d4e783187865486f0db20
describe
'2054564' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXP' 'sip-files00121.tif'
fbe2aa732c67aaa3b8930c3ae6af5862
60307f11226eef8638b2ada308ecf430b5b264b2
'2012-03-31T21:55:38-04:00'
describe
'1693' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXQ' 'sip-files00121.txt'
cd6a210543401fe89904fd7a7b7185ac
6aafae0cac7080eb3c370b7ca574c665ec1e8948
describe
'36966' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXR' 'sip-files00121thm.jpg'
c551482d6fe0c8c5bc89e99a5c39e7d9
4967757d50133ddd02134855d0d87d439597710d
describe
'239402' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXS' 'sip-files00122.jp2'
d461a4a51395b64685b95b5159377712
df808bb3b0fe054700467852c346eebd6d6450b9
describe
'173100' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXT' 'sip-files00122.jpg'
3d9ed431ea27f6a3828c46a37de56f49
05c5f366795a0680abe377053398a8daa84ba619
describe
'44049' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXU' 'sip-files00122.pro'
9340369987e09cd334a4561eae2d3369
33e1a689210a6cbe3ed9717f28f58d5737822b1d
describe
'77105' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXV' 'sip-files00122.QC.jpg'
76b0aa78e28a9489085aeedfaa65e2bc
d5eeedf85471af16d2b62382415bc156fe648bda
describe
'1940888' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXW' 'sip-files00122.tif'
4a9b1636aa1ccfd2ccb5e988b30272b9
06515a5d109e1da46df77886258f7ee347c2d475
describe
'1848' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXX' 'sip-files00122.txt'
f3311891bc120002024f3aaa4c68874f
3b7f6f5c128f23ab087d61991dd9488ee515cd2c
describe
'38287' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXY' 'sip-files00122thm.jpg'
148e840727f2736430888f704523d39e
55d1d646b2fc2ed5803e4fee9d12a6780b3d4507
'2012-03-31T21:52:47-04:00'
describe
'237299' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDXZ' 'sip-files00123.jp2'
b86f124647a08d117809d01820aced9c
63ed27bed6201bf71f32e3f9ff47ba9f97317290
describe
'152193' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYA' 'sip-files00123.jpg'
62e92e41361d71dc700b2e58ce99a5f6
22337b46671df4acaeebf2671583b09a99a3a586
describe
'37549' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYB' 'sip-files00123.pro'
0c21be1ba7bd3cf294990996dfa77fdf
3440a33dd97f76b1dec64769cdb3742ac55d57a2
describe
'71717' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYC' 'sip-files00123.QC.jpg'
be3f049147952d2ceb3d115732a465e6
75bc425e5e8d7ba09bfdfa71a78e019b2fbe2380
describe
'1923448' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYD' 'sip-files00123.tif'
d44e95b405d3946d77ed36e4d3be8e7d
87b3b4497351088b3b096d9822f64e5b8df01226
describe
'1627' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYE' 'sip-files00123.txt'
afb1c0f732f1e90cc4f5c3a0f4d22f28
3f207c72ccab296d93dec22c0e1a05431dc719f9
describe
'37072' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYF' 'sip-files00123thm.jpg'
fc0d949236bcd5496f2dde349e00af94
9e5e77c95c63bbfcc9790a5f895111e971528972
describe
'241081' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYG' 'sip-files00124.jp2'
23c51608d2d2fdd309bc471cdad89ec1
8b560752b5ebff4edd82c7affda97d6068186591
describe
'168630' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYH' 'sip-files00124.jpg'
c462ddb6303f17af025d2d4fac503f01
9ef1dcac49db9c2874170759e365d18d5ace66c2
'2012-03-31T21:55:37-04:00'
describe
'42950' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYI' 'sip-files00124.pro'
eaa5174d3b0087d0685428abb35c447f
5720353fea40ae88bde78225a6bd4e4ef4320572
'2012-03-31T21:54:24-04:00'
describe
'76497' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYJ' 'sip-files00124.QC.jpg'
d9f9afaa9df3d1396910cb1337f70082
f2319e9e9f9bb5c7ea631b1bc7cbc616250c5969
describe
'1955172' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYK' 'sip-files00124.tif'
e3b223999154698ecb18080b51c92369
8706e545a58d7033d8aad7934a792ca6f8663e91
describe
'1892' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYL' 'sip-files00124.txt'
9abbcf405e661364ff0684f4fda75fb1
4771097c488d687c682e1eed653bb188616f3be2
describe
'38561' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYM' 'sip-files00124thm.jpg'
5ddf55c0e0de7e4e6f315da2b254a24a
068255c6a8b375ef4c1fb9735c307942e7a5dee5
describe
'233237' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYN' 'sip-files00125.jp2'
19b10a9c3f24f7c35f775f219b6dac2a
c9dc35bb87bbec72a8f45860967ef0305f4fbd12
describe
'149629' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYO' 'sip-files00125.jpg'
ba1308e3ca8ceeb4c1d61b2ae25065df
d1cf9f87c0e92b12e65e8047eeb189ebeed5ba47
describe
'35515' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYP' 'sip-files00125.pro'
896bdcf681e22257c328e9026706493f
056e7b7bfadca3eec39071701775391da2acd72a
describe
'71161' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYQ' 'sip-files00125.QC.jpg'
ed45c4b0a765db74cea8c1e490950028
fe1920bac5399f1872ba401fa0ef49b9b0469c20
describe
'1890708' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYR' 'sip-files00125.tif'
d2641807cc209381cf0f1c29d9d88107
2366cc0de4b6d9f7c0cf06c66b5cf1a4c981003a
describe
'1529' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYS' 'sip-files00125.txt'
eda14ac395675e85ba99e625cff20b47
714071455bb84bc36c9effdc43525834e3cd7181
describe
'37015' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYT' 'sip-files00125thm.jpg'
446f253f18fbf99c26a3485a251c842e
7ae6236b9be8b4d63016dd6be1ef4fee40c53c32
describe
'245140' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYU' 'sip-files00126.jp2'
ffac9d03ccc2839575739de02f62cb1a
d94102b4a6085545fd964f96cad8e3c07507fc93
describe
'164282' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYV' 'sip-files00126.jpg'
18def6bf8293a565056bdc932c612466
a8d980ca33362b20c5b633905cd48fc1ab903fe7
describe
'42219' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYW' 'sip-files00126.pro'
79060ec94ee387301d25240300342904
eabce8bac925ea0a09f7f1bc1dc50297b0738cc7
describe
'74229' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYX' 'sip-files00126.QC.jpg'
3d2ea5d051f2c892f18be7fc8e627045
5714c96cced3312e9b0fb295f825e0aa25f41f72
describe
'1986836' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYY' 'sip-files00126.tif'
3735fb4674756588d1ea0ecb574f8606
04c460e63455f2c334762c72a1d5adb964151645
describe
'1759' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDYZ' 'sip-files00126.txt'
d779043b2893d01c6de06f45f91a5221
74b994fd54b5eff98af0e06b2eb4b386a9e930ba
describe
'37951' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZA' 'sip-files00126thm.jpg'
b835bf6ff76c976abf0a4b08e40f3e99
0688f68c64624e063d40850a747e4e446aaa91e1
describe
'233606' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZB' 'sip-files00127.jp2'
d2758a3cd5a81cc6a8ab253f6c161b4b
283e9b506d52f799a27fe717eaa4d5cdac71a05d
'2012-03-31T21:55:58-04:00'
describe
'145008' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZC' 'sip-files00127.jpg'
4241e6e5597075885669906583e6004d
15b9bd1467de98183fe475b1f25aa6492707ab84
describe
'35784' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZD' 'sip-files00127.pro'
cce999cfbc08d028c3081cfe21728a22
cdc85fe0229d2ae9f8712a00f3a1b48de5c419b5
describe
'69795' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZE' 'sip-files00127.QC.jpg'
f839c5528fa6cdae4152074ae32b338c
3dac42fe70221d25551ce94393a56db8c4abb013
describe
'1893844' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZF' 'sip-files00127.tif'
1dcb2066db0a6b2e6fbd669a3a065546
411863c92239f1c0c7fbe98fe91fed6f30ad37c5
'2012-03-31T21:49:27-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZG' 'sip-files00127.txt'
316a4f6c2cde10b431bb8fbf9cd4288c
19afb5a220b35b45165a26bc963827cb634c4ef4
describe
'36511' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZH' 'sip-files00127thm.jpg'
1e4c4294218452970174147d1f348eb3
cd341788e5f04d2efac6ed1c18f12472c77be6dc
describe
'252363' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZI' 'sip-files00128.jp2'
1b980cb84faefc5535508ed02230986f
53aec02e79825607ac06effadf30823a31bce64d
describe
'151334' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZJ' 'sip-files00128.jpg'
e50b043e781d8f93c4bc398c74bf4911
f3b2a2841cdc6df78e5c492ba1d678e3cf5094e5
describe
'38631' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZK' 'sip-files00128.pro'
a2eb0974cb7feffb1f00528dc6f92479
6730fd1bd7f95b4b900340a66846ed9c14908be8
describe
'68679' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZL' 'sip-files00128.QC.jpg'
170fa1e6aa98aae420a78e06f52426b6
a244aa876783878f1c49adf16fd621e86673151a
describe
'2044168' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZM' 'sip-files00128.tif'
88112d3b90cfb452192fc3db26d61b14
bc33dcaeb4584f6ca85441f7a7a64efdd4e71fcb
describe
'1634' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZN' 'sip-files00128.txt'
e34f724a9869b6e90fd89de9e195a8c5
fb6a091dd31ec135ae291c257c2c57f706f85915
describe
'36149' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZO' 'sip-files00128thm.jpg'
0f52e8e7c038a6d8e2984a35651d6957
baa7194fccf38382580ffa38906637c27b8f218a
describe
'245235' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZP' 'sip-files00129.jp2'
057abd05b893dc3020537e4ef90d3df5
ba5d96558d1ff58683aea365b7ce5125f91afdcd
describe
'156683' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZQ' 'sip-files00129.jpg'
d932ee4a472ebe1766d18f9baca97250
51438cf39e513c9c8fcc3c7054e22472609ebea5
describe
'39741' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZR' 'sip-files00129.pro'
7d6263d0bd98e629097cf6b1b1ef4a52
0bbf9f5baf6bc877a1a1371ec8424d13eaeb9dbd
describe
'72062' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZS' 'sip-files00129.QC.jpg'
efaad213affbcc3e5f353996bbb53bd1
5503ba0e0a59304ed3ac3f5b9531467200ca273c
describe
'1987872' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZT' 'sip-files00129.tif'
0cdbb30398f6b5cf75603d5241eaa078
467050d9f20c1d6bee0516acdf9a0d6db69da4c5
describe
'1694' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZU' 'sip-files00129.txt'
bb6df92b632e9abec7155b12bac6e786
eda82415a32becd66b8bc3266bd5b014a39f7bb5
describe
'37544' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZV' 'sip-files00129thm.jpg'
33ebcb67685e0e95746a7165643f9126
b3a237319cd6753db2863de7802e2ebbf66592c6
describe
'245052' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZW' 'sip-files00130.jp2'
ed8f2ec2b94beca304fc5e65c414080f
a7581cd840843743dce0e65b8e95eb481387c4ed
describe
'158820' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZX' 'sip-files00130.jpg'
c33c2d567dcc33123f08fee1a697ed95
87c2b1f82b7e03dafbacd178d43e4326d13c4ce6
describe
'40424' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZY' 'sip-files00130.pro'
4a74d897b47d0a41d2dceb9fee057a55
8e185e769f1562271c37c514452719ce3fdf8380
describe
'73023' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABDZZ' 'sip-files00130.QC.jpg'
0ec5404e5c872d5f1a312481873765a7
1cbc181b2a5ee5bedc39276ab905f73e76c02474
describe
'1986032' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAA' 'sip-files00130.tif'
2b2ecd31ff27f158e182bcdff837ca88
42fb5ad68d7883125b9a6fa9f10abac9965ea4c3
describe
'1701' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAB' 'sip-files00130.txt'
80f1a914c9098b0d329adc6ec928d93d
e331c3ef32b07e10aa13b2d90f5c86897704788d
describe
'37741' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAC' 'sip-files00130thm.jpg'
56457242575158c97cce8f2fd4d5d430
709c01d89aa82bc5361086e60ae8e8bcc03122d7
describe
'249730' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAD' 'sip-files00131.jp2'
c18daf9ed5ff3dfc4c4d460b9a450cba
6ba56498d0eefcca7f0d350223d1330276e7265b
describe
'172231' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAE' 'sip-files00131.jpg'
c81d6a55c8bf9eacfd40d8a5a4f6456b
7c8294502de7f1da157d6e754af436d822448287
describe
'46110' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAF' 'sip-files00131.pro'
d8806de91f12a9b6e4913f32fe00c3c8
ab0def7cbadbc3885eb120286c11a927a9c47c90
describe
'76550' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAG' 'sip-files00131.QC.jpg'
27d84a6a1ff45b9253375c1407a0e824
ae584edc6993ba59ae1db5357be66d821e8f10c3
describe
'2023968' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAH' 'sip-files00131.tif'
f9161bf72640def5420f90b2d3721713
da200215e90393a4ff4ce9085f41d720b5b0fac3
'2012-03-31T21:52:33-04:00'
describe
'1929' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAI' 'sip-files00131.txt'
d5767f657d3fabdcedf5563f2a82e3ef
a7c378b6f5fe4afbb39a4f7f13e6a7ffcde1be5f
describe
'38388' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAJ' 'sip-files00131thm.jpg'
884317029910ca85029572a23b4d496a
e01b79f8cf8c99828457a6222e398a038b9207eb
describe
'238021' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAK' 'sip-files00132.jp2'
13770360112feb0d1ccebc73378d419a
de2e948d684b5ac6ddab91038576a2557e4413b8
describe
'174175' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAL' 'sip-files00132.jpg'
187dd7e67367e93b640735d840e64b37
f35b9f5d23f9838c3a57749370df0ee80215290f
'2012-03-31T21:56:06-04:00'
describe
'45353' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAM' 'sip-files00132.pro'
e842e6244cd490f26ff17955b060085b
a20333a4a04a433fc1938e7631897ecdb702c311
describe
'79683' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAN' 'sip-files00132.QC.jpg'
1a17924b98306375c88f96d9d27ee7e1
f621780e617be7c967797adc77f46626ce9ab9e5
describe
'1930880' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAO' 'sip-files00132.tif'
1eba7f669062add58e77ade2751b2b39
393042288efafe56c5f0f33bd87a8e4cd498cc7c
describe
'1872' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAP' 'sip-files00132.txt'
c565054855832f11c9ab620473930e28
eea76170150cca8a37e39dc165fe3ccff91a99eb
describe
'39095' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAQ' 'sip-files00132thm.jpg'
50a9b07fc820b8624a67d43d18119858
a0100023568e8f495c5d78c9db797ee86b9e010e
describe
'250331' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAR' 'sip-files00133.jp2'
0ba6dc2ef94febc9a4481da1bbea441c
dbca2732a4b73a3d109a75b053fd1189675b9274
describe
'159854' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAS' 'sip-files00133.jpg'
9701e0781576522b109c5805919ac8b4
39617cb3073796f25a8f43206c4eeb599782ce2f
describe
'41626' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAT' 'sip-files00133.pro'
b0ccdba1c8c72ce0c900f5238f0b9d5c
7c83b7d060e372c21333c90cb0f45e36400fca10
describe
'71576' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAU' 'sip-files00133.QC.jpg'
6c43bb58ebbe4b350a0baa73f79a0856
566d648e5c64b8b8c4a59e8a1262140a6aa4fd14
describe
'2028192' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAV' 'sip-files00133.tif'
629959ccb32ae3a8eea03b7a0dd92de3
814bf6e4bd7b223cc3297270443da301071c72f0
describe
'1737' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAW' 'sip-files00133.txt'
32b9a2755eea77e416b8cf1b168461b9
589b8cc07dfed9dd7e0b6a9eea2691706531f45d
describe
'37487' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAX' 'sip-files00133thm.jpg'
a8b92b1c3772574de5e93ce2b88d6368
0ba0172a709b899d5c59ee0cabd4051113129cd8
describe
'249889' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAY' 'sip-files00134.jp2'
4b1d8d93cf016f2d7e12bb0c4141d618
3cbaf73dc8f901b0b932816c06bd186e4be3fb66
describe
'155061' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEAZ' 'sip-files00134.jpg'
108824d0e1c73446c36560f79ac9b841
da771102b7b0e223659451bfc7a4c3bc70e4cf12
describe
'37354' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBA' 'sip-files00134.pro'
b89c61cf74dbf4902f52cbaf66a80792
ddc732da0458e4feaf36f839dd62da4f9358cc95
describe
'70193' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBB' 'sip-files00134.QC.jpg'
3874794eda90949512c609e6daf45ea6
ebba9409f4a2737a78d74734409d2b150aeb0c92
describe
'2024644' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBC' 'sip-files00134.tif'
afd53edb8385326e06e4d641d1ddc359
27d4954bb36aba40eea6ef16681edff3bafb172d
'2012-03-31T21:52:58-04:00'
describe
'1825' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBD' 'sip-files00134.txt'
c26b58d467a444196f11298f74e3ba4c
26ab121ac2f460b07de3bff19be96e20c3998512
describe
'36140' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBE' 'sip-files00134thm.jpg'
18b56a36b8fa245e473be42c8eaf526f
a3f09f74b46dafa6695e95355f5be6347f4d4b1b
describe
'239176' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBF' 'sip-files00135.jp2'
2dc3d8425bd670e941fcdb33eb7b1370
1eda9fc07710f06d772ddc7b3ed02137c55966a0
describe
'165677' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBG' 'sip-files00135.jpg'
865bfcf7dfae8dbd880493052290c1bf
ce4235b9d533c5f661d7fb9820cbaa12866d4457
describe
'40765' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBH' 'sip-files00135.pro'
15fb22f1ba5b452a107502332e1542a3
669ef732c51a9c19cc74fbf5ee0b96bf018b9c1c
describe
'76971' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBI' 'sip-files00135.QC.jpg'
c0a60bef476d3d18f8de5df5f4b5ea9a
06e9683314015089c53f360f2a8f4d8bb79571aa
describe
'1939312' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBJ' 'sip-files00135.tif'
3d908751e6a19e0bbd24dcfd3f1b980b
e2dffd3326427b96c349cb96a349778a6ad22e38
describe
'1851' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBK' 'sip-files00135.txt'
6a0f2f6dc3b91e74fefe0226ed246733
87fd8a6ac3e500434118e854b35ebd94fe6e668e
describe
'38945' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBL' 'sip-files00135thm.jpg'
a9ad1a1d326cfcbfbf7ee4101a125175
f755d133ce366b10f8db981a4efe61c985dde615
describe
'237965' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBM' 'sip-files00136.jp2'
2d0b199a23719b2959fe3ffc66143a6b
d9d4542ce1901733d7ff38d67744cab29710d7c5
describe
'154969' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBN' 'sip-files00136.jpg'
73a47e206c78905d2a94e52ab7883a76
f92261eb9e0c0ec44c5c924469977f70c068af08
describe
'38540' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBO' 'sip-files00136.pro'
29badb6d2b1fb25295e26404758009f2
14a6278abe934872f48a85758702ba1333d9668c
describe
'71226' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBP' 'sip-files00136.QC.jpg'
d802c2766fb1469dd3fcfa0c0f22cfa6
420947cea300885e6d93764b8e068e4d9d6a1fe3
describe
'1929980' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBQ' 'sip-files00136.tif'
5a6d013044a38b4268bcf4e64cc20089
939a891e195c3f9115717224d93c7e33e765d9a0
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBR' 'sip-files00136.txt'
126796f739d9c096bc6f102ab9f54c67
35bbf63741c388122dc2c7a7aa8cba3a9c73ed26
describe
'37634' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBS' 'sip-files00136thm.jpg'
d23b6c1a88fb00c6fd3a92537143919e
e35e5283629e077e4b0cfe2c402f8f3910b2da44
describe
'244584' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBT' 'sip-files00137.jp2'
64cfebabb1abbb870baa31d5e432077a
6a290c14de014cc3839c4e4d6a723062a9e7f883
describe
'162281' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBU' 'sip-files00137.jpg'
9c012b2fbd6c5021513790f791798cb2
65b33921c1398405fa2bb74ddec5ce040692ce44
describe
'43452' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBV' 'sip-files00137.pro'
2540be35407d4ede1d52d29b545f73a1
eb790e8e95daeb8d9403e31d78e4af48f767f52a
describe
'75647' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBW' 'sip-files00137.QC.jpg'
86d0ae7ff3cf71f978455edabe4817c1
1bff04efe06ab9a75047b32e9021e7f9cc8314b2
describe
'1982080' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBX' 'sip-files00137.tif'
ab4804c8e7b6dfb3046daf668fe09ac3
b66e3e14276cd521d236483e580cd98327bd9ba0
describe
'1821' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBY' 'sip-files00137.txt'
43ca1a2fa7e5c859496b89c335054a21
34cc96447344f35a5b554e9fc118f8f0dc8b4272
describe
'37739' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEBZ' 'sip-files00137thm.jpg'
81c252974f1bd45c6daacce7163bd8c8
93b56e3632a8ff5f6f65c708aa23caf1fdeaf0ba
describe
'255204' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECA' 'sip-files00138.jp2'
8c7b35154dbb9fb8c107746af0c88b12
9c1d4e262247c5e2367f23ce300cc3aae96915de
describe
'145369' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECB' 'sip-files00138.jpg'
102c41480c9869814eb216449340e3ac
9330a9e37c47f65ce78692360c92976affa13dba
'2012-03-31T21:52:43-04:00'
describe
'38586' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECC' 'sip-files00138.pro'
8d19ea9ab9c435a5e4d9c0272f0503f1
be1d6075f6647dcf8a39b5ea6fdfac22ddab1655
describe
'66675' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECD' 'sip-files00138.QC.jpg'
1ead00ade9f8dad41eebcddf0d5caf87
11da44698851c713b7f4b3a7434d022cc7508efe
describe
'2067064' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECE' 'sip-files00138.tif'
40ff4103d0dca9c619016fb3cd4ce96d
cd38881fe1acfde19a8ff0e10337302c039d6c61
describe
'1629' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECF' 'sip-files00138.txt'
6906c11667c7c12082a75da66b9adcaf
fd9a1a4a0a95f47526b64100f1ada89d33092ade
describe
'36155' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECG' 'sip-files00138thm.jpg'
e8ff949169c50d8eaffe46390bafb740
7f69caf7fd865bffa81be9f4f6379615b6806bf1
describe
'254776' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECH' 'sip-files00139.jp2'
b31df5b9a55920977669eda100406c6d
aa879760c930daffb53426b0dc3875a63f9f0be8
describe
'149078' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECI' 'sip-files00139.jpg'
f497b14a6eb0226ed7e16fba10f1d531
2f48e06d32b001dc25939e50e1c8e7bb495e2acc
describe
'39771' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECJ' 'sip-files00139.pro'
ee7c2da28742af29c0e1709fa898979f
324b24e5d65a88ae71523f8b7e22ca041402456d
describe
'68423' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECK' 'sip-files00139.QC.jpg'
52b879c573373b5e1628eec783c7fd30
539914c671b74a392cfad2fad655cbf765a4b000
describe
'2063784' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECL' 'sip-files00139.tif'
a323fd922304559a887f11e35ff2a85a
461dd71ed9d9aeb9b6b0c779b291d44f6d4b4c33
describe
'1655' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECM' 'sip-files00139.txt'
0ac4dbd9dee45bd5c14edac1910d40a1
ccc87f6722e6bf46a0500af5b3c3293ab65d32c1
describe
'36937' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECN' 'sip-files00139thm.jpg'
8b7346902a18abaaa99edbc6b6f7fd7f
a0e48219ddbcdd2c9d4452fa92c968fd5269d05d
describe
'259742' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECO' 'sip-files00140.jp2'
f44a92113f49a2ad3991720cfe5148ad
11841a896012cbfc20926d41d773c5815eb79c12
'2012-03-31T21:53:06-04:00'
describe
'144328' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECP' 'sip-files00140.jpg'
6038e0ff5407dc121770776b0b01958b
5090a25db426bcc7c9d2e21d136656ef6dda76bd
'2012-03-31T21:54:35-04:00'
describe
'36643' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECQ' 'sip-files00140.pro'
9cc57d314d4961f2091cd398dfb6c75d
a6ede7f78d9f61b90d10d138fddf7fe33c9e3406
describe
'66144' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECR' 'sip-files00140.QC.jpg'
3c79dc2b0554a26adfbf7e757ff77f14
c802611900a5eaf2e4473f27a0f5d4f3bbadd021
describe
'2103248' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECS' 'sip-files00140.tif'
c738deb4fb271845adcd9b5ec632f0b3
a6e25e7f9cf75ecf0f3a6b8eb6d6ead2bceb02d3
describe
'1734' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECT' 'sip-files00140.txt'
3376a66c5625f240c5a98995dbd42df5
51be18bce43572329cf1e311b5709ef95802e52d
describe
'35837' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECU' 'sip-files00140thm.jpg'
1db8f2f23f896767665e85e46464226e
375ebdb8d7813d2b6f37df8cbc52e8260d2705cf
describe
'242204' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECV' 'sip-files00141.jp2'
ff616d25461d25444a295db32c0fd3ac
7a904fff0314aa7c318606273ced2122c4b14541
'2012-03-31T21:54:01-04:00'
describe
'109993' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECW' 'sip-files00141.jpg'
db290405fe263526dd8d46ce307024f8
21818962f0d28736388d0c13c201b8c8bfce855f
'2012-03-31T21:53:01-04:00'
describe
'17057' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECX' 'sip-files00141.pro'
70c7ceca2b17d6043e754252c70cf209
70265058e0de9c4c016a26ffbacd3b48eb0b19ab
describe
'52939' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECY' 'sip-files00141.QC.jpg'
8cb4c2d17ac3b21570646c62fecb2aa8
3f8ac0a56fb0f6323e36d14bfa0d9a174c414744
describe
'1960868' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABECZ' 'sip-files00141.tif'
d237236a66615edd0a983c7bedb3e4bf
f6a61cf936918cf298b1eb9aed8ea97f35c1ff1f
describe
'764' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDA' 'sip-files00141.txt'
8fd7d07e8695f3c36d2b6a12c5b95f27
46fa5216c70c05e025e8058b428edffe42bce1c6
describe
'31324' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDB' 'sip-files00141thm.jpg'
26125a4d9b7ec8e3b6071381190f4b03
3a8e32db36152032e30b4e706cee1825e1256ea7
describe
'218910' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDC' 'sip-files00142.jp2'
fe644894e21660642d85afa823ca01cc
2039b4f5b56ea387525fc89832a7b2e4fb0cf110
describe
'77463' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDD' 'sip-files00142.jpg'
e2afa16c0ae68e6726a2a618c873d2f1
bbb850da61a5fe6254d6ec6e869f74493bbd9f2e
describe
'940' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDE' 'sip-files00142.pro'
fd7be3e8abcf9aa9f6b05806fa12365d
c7566b613da1e67674881956c022bd86910be3ba
describe
'39015' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDF' 'sip-files00142.QC.jpg'
bd91ec5f6fb099d130a6a5f0010a232b
d5f2d11f66233555a69b35d010d940aed1478aad
describe
'1771948' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDG' 'sip-files00142.tif'
2e0c0090548fb46a38c50426a5997d98
baff06c396b200124bf50ea85c26ce0bac190119
describe
'63' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDH' 'sip-files00142.txt'
22b08cc100f5ef8ca432e3bfbce65bfa
2a91fa589f1926b0b9cb02757c133dadb55679dd
describe
'25864' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDI' 'sip-files00142thm.jpg'
e8467927a3173eb1ecd1901213d00709
cc52c5294ecc61ede1a031d26f3666fbc656897c
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDJ' 'sip-files00143.jp2'
a4373614bb6f0a943e83e551d886b339
0fb1fb2c791fa793b1539c7f50f71ef493c99131
describe
'20711' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDK' 'sip-files00143.jpg'
5df47918b86a3f94ecde02342c521ef0
bcce785cd0b2937db3c76d06957e6f3afdc1412a
describe
'19059' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDL' 'sip-files00143.QC.jpg'
5c580f48d1d1b4548729e8c51a5296d4
7d3238e12f25bff6753e2e635007ad663aea4cc0
describe
'1852704' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDM' 'sip-files00143.tif'
3ae497932a15da4e82f1624403b86d95
20ec21da825e9b2906647edb8f5eba970df2f611
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDN' 'sip-files00143thm.jpg'
3596b8995941a2453348e44fdc563ae1
33e3d75594f965bd275b650cfcfdbe6c75101d17
describe
'246465' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDO' 'sip-files00144.jp2'
ac912099abfd52e42cd3db698372cf52
72618b59dc22fd238ee22d74a798d4d909493f28
'2012-03-31T21:55:47-04:00'
describe
'153153' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDP' 'sip-files00144.jpg'
03fe3d6ba522065ec3b42c5a260f3c8f
ebb5409485e579e58d7189136f93bc5c362dc9c6
describe
'19426' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDQ' 'sip-files00144.pro'
8abcfa753710eaa2640c51614a6661d6
11f4053b8926a6a893f61636b6a940af01b3e4b6
describe
'68441' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDR' 'sip-files00144.QC.jpg'
f5621c15426cad5aa12732546a08b73f
a723d1ad7d8be1538c2b254ec6f64caa3427da48
describe
'1997588' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDS' 'sip-files00144.tif'
951fe0f96ea45472851794ec91308166
ad4438ad0e36b71a32c83f79db665ee0d1ae9437
describe
'924' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDT' 'sip-files00144.txt'
85b5a4bfed99551ae461ebc550fa51e3
4ef62fbfb258d6fff23d12f99938813e6011ba9d
describe
'37000' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDU' 'sip-files00144thm.jpg'
f8ddf5beacb3713cb336fb4c91dae44a
6caa865d2eb01026b19c9cf640d0b39917d8439b
describe
'246206' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDV' 'sip-files00145.jp2'
e2f8f1d6e74604c8d11a9f66c67ad0ac
36d5f843f3a63ed85c9c823a9e3be2728d0faef9
describe
'156415' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDW' 'sip-files00145.jpg'
227a7312cd1f69225c573b1e78c017f1
400e9e3e021ee84a9c008d18ba16bd4474838d67
describe
'41315' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDX' 'sip-files00145.pro'
85e87e1d956ba9bb8be89546ffbdc1e1
6c05105f0795f71dfb1415e48d3f3d2a97a58e21
describe
'70962' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDY' 'sip-files00145.QC.jpg'
0bad6c003c2691226057331669e5d27d
5409346c904e2c83c091b31d470f140c2a0bd0fb
describe
'1995528' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEDZ' 'sip-files00145.tif'
4b4f6cf4da077d260e186d30d885b237
6880d6487a6530d82790bd1c9939872744a322a7
describe
'1695' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEA' 'sip-files00145.txt'
088a19efbe3649074f8991f91f86cea2
b784cbbf74b7e69778e05bef8a7890756a040bf4
describe
'36561' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEB' 'sip-files00145thm.jpg'
f93db4a7d7ce22c08db218a522d7179e
f027ca855016710a1762257deb99f39f8400106a
describe
'234996' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEC' 'sip-files00146.jp2'
8b7afce0dfc9c31c9aae422a63f4efc4
a3416e110e6e180bbb10117b2884c13641924c4c
describe
'179330' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEED' 'sip-files00146.jpg'
c7980ec46b2a07a5be8f21d1c43f046a
faef192d187cec9454cf24f5b0f986f67de03c8c
describe
'46798' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEE' 'sip-files00146.pro'
fb81eafed5bf5aa20f398a3b40a7242a
43b9dbefb49e0c4d052e1c6ce8f48a3381e0dde2
describe
'80870' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEF' 'sip-files00146.QC.jpg'
7fef2cb88d4392b115298a347c2a6079
d190e379094f7156f8f0cdab5b5f128d28a11783
describe
'1906108' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEG' 'sip-files00146.tif'
f2f2bc5b44d31363e29d48626173fb81
e2394ad5f182feeb8a30d9efd8830702ea016899
'2012-03-31T21:55:12-04:00'
describe
'1934' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEH' 'sip-files00146.txt'
78ef0a0543be8931c845fc6ac45cf351
96fba931710477b46e65d40796c234bb98249723
describe
'39754' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEI' 'sip-files00146thm.jpg'
5afba5d48859d0ea24747b3ac3796999
bd9d45a18d5d56934ff035d919d989e80aaabab5
describe
'241991' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEJ' 'sip-files00147.jp2'
f5de585efbd313414cef088cdc30f9c4
483ecf13efe7bfedd616b2146607f11d2c683357
describe
'170993' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEK' 'sip-files00147.jpg'
787a22ee9134ca41e56c8046789bdd9a
688a13e25421d6823790f50f24f37dca1475d656
describe
'44439' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEL' 'sip-files00147.pro'
e976a7f0446cef2193852b6ebdef87c8
4c49e95f6f225882595bfb25195eeaa841fa5a51
describe
'77487' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEM' 'sip-files00147.QC.jpg'
b21d957f33df75715ee544ac86da2d6d
3d34d925f226a8efd254a5ece25509e22c63adfd
describe
'1962152' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEN' 'sip-files00147.tif'
24026f1b788717fde42f34103e931606
b0059365d0bc9ac0bf257b7e96a6139def80ca8c
'2012-03-31T21:51:30-04:00'
describe
'1837' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEO' 'sip-files00147.txt'
61c4d74abbea772665ab1f0f28ff81ce
706534b94b7a5a810b846fe6c45e5703ab9f8314
describe
'39417' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEP' 'sip-files00147thm.jpg'
97686f67e4c299d336f519eabc129409
a10661cfe8d1cc074f222c10a4300320bc8d1b62
describe
'239595' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEQ' 'sip-files00148.jp2'
ed56681a19f896cc5b34a3bf8e8c7733
47a78a1be30c25fbdc42defb476c331c631f1df6
describe
'186564' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEER' 'sip-files00148.jpg'
648ed6177dbd3729a47b44d5f1819e9c
39c979a481cb9670a8b5177ad5b491ee8c8c20fc
describe
'49245' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEES' 'sip-files00148.pro'
c339bcc18a2b67de55e4a4b945f99abf
2f27d9c44a4dc92aa03ccc17006fee3ce38685f9
describe
'83421' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEET' 'sip-files00148.QC.jpg'
856e75bc93079184a52549be3f4b39b5
1a858fd197236d7d2f533a3bd2f1c1687f0cf62e
describe
'1943496' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEU' 'sip-files00148.tif'
754e371f0c892e4af2f01885fbd1e7f6
62d103a155d20190862e71d58f1f2235b13c1d0f
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEV' 'sip-files00148.txt'
a4755fd66356bf879a45f0274557bd98
91756f0d3f546094cb9e5b87033a6ea97f41d2ef
describe
'40298' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEW' 'sip-files00148thm.jpg'
77833ac231f81473cf52139ecdb4ef2f
af36f2a16d9b952ef922e834552d8d3fa0e2183a
describe
'229666' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEX' 'sip-files00149.jp2'
fe9eaa2510d5636b535064320fca18bb
a2cb3819eb4d15a9d47a63fea738ee184e8c1c06
describe
'166377' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEY' 'sip-files00149.jpg'
0f7ccaeba4f384eb6593f4a4c33b2ad3
b5371fef78fed1342eac4fbee4d2f29a8c914813
describe
'42085' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEEZ' 'sip-files00149.pro'
c50904f228d9cb3d2593c68bee2b3111
b69d52a2afe1ee50388f624b11b836eb5e10e494
describe
'77619' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFA' 'sip-files00149.QC.jpg'
b4a0b417eba8f209b4ad9225670b7f43
1c4e29de9f98323f3afb4436899f43521c089d28
describe
'1863676' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFB' 'sip-files00149.tif'
29a133225cfe6180449195acc57476e0
38d073ee40c400efab844509a3ae78aa03726bf5
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFC' 'sip-files00149.txt'
2535982a94743d284283b3ef6e7e111f
2ee71b041ced62c2b013eacc4d8c9da4e545ad09
describe
'39664' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFD' 'sip-files00149thm.jpg'
7861a155710eb2a4b058401b81444e66
55081f3eb773fbbb4a0b6854b321c962988cb016
describe
'231899' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFE' 'sip-files00150.jp2'
c56a7dcd3c65457dd7294bca684a83f0
f43a445bb6f93f7a2b9408c39e6d5c4fc48421d7
describe
'181665' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFF' 'sip-files00150.jpg'
bac66d354821860647665ca9fe54da96
91f6d2f8cb8946d86232201b745a0ffee030b086
describe
'45494' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFG' 'sip-files00150.pro'
c31c79db4661b306abd1e23f8f574067
6b409b4f1988b399b04242779f38b404254aba77
describe
'80051' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFH' 'sip-files00150.QC.jpg'
82d1a0e21c5bee12fec080db5527a3ec
10ef6f09cbd2ec889b6d213794ef383447cf7954
describe
'1881464' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFI' 'sip-files00150.tif'
864f9e66e4c8a8b63049446e788916ec
9449f1aaa279fd64561a00145f91e49b3a865185
describe
'1898' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFJ' 'sip-files00150.txt'
a227e5c1d6cceac6a43399227ae7cbae
6b1780ad16fcab08fdfe53ff3c82337efff73d76
describe
'39255' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFK' 'sip-files00150thm.jpg'
c7d5aae4a0552bfa4a99c05ba85c2dd4
f353a849532ff8492122b3d50d36170acafaeb67
describe
'233140' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFL' 'sip-files00151.jp2'
e729879b215a350c469e7d029ca7a0c5
d3dae5ba87e4f7c736abb7133d8a7cfe386af1ed
describe
'158505' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFM' 'sip-files00151.jpg'
46b404c70b911123e8a55d31793181bb
0491b040454df26a301e43efb2cfb58ec32be878
describe
'37988' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFN' 'sip-files00151.pro'
ebc8fd2107616eb947237a823aae2742
922e60fa3aeb951f1f2d6ecdba58cb23b2883664
describe
'73897' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFO' 'sip-files00151.QC.jpg'
b63e31642f0d63a7a0c328e301b60e7d
78eb7ef79705ea02ca92aeaf2ae81f8856d6480e
describe
'1890592' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFP' 'sip-files00151.tif'
cf439e26ca820d31c3178bdc12858dff
d1a41da05e5427fb249ba0429dbf955f541d7544
describe
'1764' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFQ' 'sip-files00151.txt'
5248f6fe1a5fb291fad767f269661fe0
14c4a173460560b9d7cbb71ca33ae72e3d5f8ec5
describe
'38061' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFR' 'sip-files00151thm.jpg'
9d8979554146d48b33bfb3ad795cfd9e
a7f2f98ce5e88a97433251d2ac6770326face326
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFS' 'sip-files00152.jp2'
697bc9ca2005c0ba608d89ec29d9bc87
87a8a7d3f9ba074a4b4c19e96d2ed9aa79a20897
describe
'182738' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFT' 'sip-files00152.jpg'
bd7ef6029f300ead67e16a9cf2329e3d
ff7fc8926f864a7582e9381b58b0ba04b2c376dc
describe
'47901' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFU' 'sip-files00152.pro'
57847566b51534a4048c46de8a3a5e79
6c9249eaee3780ef68394357933613912bd86d07
describe
'81691' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFV' 'sip-files00152.QC.jpg'
8b08d8ed7b0f50a9044d56f3dd3022cc
e377317eaec71995a10ed1d2b5be097d94d7bcd5
describe
'1925468' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFW' 'sip-files00152.tif'
fa5bf1a3d17346fb4335df0bb1d2c63a
af4facd509aeb24d91a1137ef774a63362e98190
'2012-03-31T21:53:40-04:00'
describe
'1968' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFX' 'sip-files00152.txt'
1c0f629508edd55c23721be56aadd8a4
741a7bc6ff04ba3cecd5884f3b9130f384442e39
describe
'39569' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFY' 'sip-files00152thm.jpg'
3b1558325c79d930638c37897b4e1a49
f5cc0d7c2c3bbe88c419337e2fe2e615b6bebb05
describe
'245411' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEFZ' 'sip-files00153.jp2'
1eede0f42a71a4fcc204c6ad420ba9f6
7c99d7a215238fd2113304c2277a5e94b153398e
describe
'174081' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGA' 'sip-files00153.jpg'
8d4785e3c15dc8384c461c0a38f2beb0
1d47359141c63c5501ce69faca495046f926e8e4
describe
'47484' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGB' 'sip-files00153.pro'
c1c97aca40a24cddc43261a27c461dcd
79b738d8237a90ddedd94d295dc3f48c06511c44
describe
'78873' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGC' 'sip-files00153.QC.jpg'
923e49970d5c5d39903302d705be3c91
b83cbf620a6d8d51cae72b28b78a425d4ec1b49b
describe
'1990032' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGD' 'sip-files00153.tif'
6dffad008a6031070c722df948a723cd
695701346e9431d245f149dadf7ef8de467bc57d
describe
'1979' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGE' 'sip-files00153.txt'
6dc9acc1081fc7c564956a476841684f
e5575d55acf9ecc22c663a73e598c04b3f824073
describe
'39353' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGF' 'sip-files00153thm.jpg'
262080481851885d511fcef2e654e8b4
2f62d5e1103c3d517bd0725d7b1ee15d95f5b761
describe
'243401' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGG' 'sip-files00154.jp2'
63a979aead4359a893e69378f8bbd6c3
486ca44eab22a7f68c5330ced4a8636bac27b1cc
describe
'184699' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGH' 'sip-files00154.jpg'
e9148d6a5cf2f8de8544fd4ff80e2e55
1e4beed37b84c939222f5d6650d446faf7ef3fa9
describe
'48527' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGI' 'sip-files00154.pro'
300a1d20c96856890f98d54330cd091d
0073d2599e91b2561912c91f5d46913de8ac8c2f
describe
'80054' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGJ' 'sip-files00154.QC.jpg'
7475954d56a561611189737fbf2fed0e
dc2eae737fe6c80456d663ee074c85ab7b6f9d8a
describe
'1973392' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGK' 'sip-files00154.tif'
1f2f3cd2da70e20293965ac9dfae0529
b9ff992521595ee9b5a880abc6983d52245589bb
'2012-03-31T21:54:51-04:00'
describe
'2004' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGL' 'sip-files00154.txt'
ded146c919b3202e16e8dd30665043c9
8932d3475e7a179b2ed7f8bf7305c9a8d47f315d
describe
'39388' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGM' 'sip-files00154thm.jpg'
616df9d445fef475726f2b4b90ff2eda
8159d74353fade90e553bc99a0486b2b666874bc
describe
'234467' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGN' 'sip-files00155.jp2'
8bd75d30fd6e1f148a3a93c1ce926a86
588dd8bf23e5b0f2260e0e87a62c602331b868d7
describe
'175919' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGO' 'sip-files00155.jpg'
653b39a418bb5753551a28d2fbe66190
aca2cb2ccd93709ca5e84712fc2a558a28e65eb2
describe
'45301' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGP' 'sip-files00155.pro'
0db6cf5047d3ef2c29f445a8a9c12912
9bb49b22952e460968dfc0b3bc3060ea9f5582ce
describe
'80630' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGQ' 'sip-files00155.QC.jpg'
ab15241318e1bdef431e5d0848396db8
9829a67661d5c048c13f3a98e59b73d478d04605
describe
'1902208' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGR' 'sip-files00155.tif'
4953c7ac63f66c7e5693010ee89bb747
b62c23fc3496a5039434a6dc413c360e4a732f8e
describe
'1893' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGS' 'sip-files00155.txt'
f6a96430989b979f75d40060dc3571f6
fa6efe881194ec374b2f46d84a52e4fe67231143
describe
'39472' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGT' 'sip-files00155thm.jpg'
4ebb0a32927ebe0a1c0f741585354bbd
b4c13e8b06a0569c5e09c995612b4ab39e8483c4
describe
'238259' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGU' 'sip-files00156.jp2'
9aa05df43ff6efaa012b3dee3616ce28
6863ab7d522ca241a084e6bc7273fbd8ad21f998
'2012-03-31T21:51:43-04:00'
describe
'148325' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGV' 'sip-files00156.jpg'
c7da569e3b9f03a31aadcd53cf0415af
2947e370056232f66402ad885d9e19cdbed745cd
describe
'36664' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGW' 'sip-files00156.pro'
b9b1222132e8f210567719e3361df84a
d97ec87a1ae00b90a0c15578979c23cb92e5a1e5
describe
'67744' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGX' 'sip-files00156.QC.jpg'
5276fa94e1b3699663689888842ffc7a
a401ad3382d44d3fba42868eb9bf5783884aa8cc
describe
'1930892' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGY' 'sip-files00156.tif'
ec56b46cb6fae65e35396ca3cf3de91f
160e65e50f4b84f354dbff4a69bf241ec9d527e2
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEGZ' 'sip-files00156.txt'
72bc8fb19ec91519f0e9b2dcb0b82cbe
d82bf7cc08335d44af7ebe608216aafeac400676
describe
'35739' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHA' 'sip-files00156thm.jpg'
56f49fbc8d51d31ae7233898020a22d6
152b73e445e162e63ef29cf1ce70a86bfa69599a
describe
'233876' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHB' 'sip-files00157.jp2'
1c96d813e33a29dc1b6261cbd7c24332
c6de7b59ba77f7e8f78c585d0fe810308687353c
describe
'128140' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHC' 'sip-files00157.jpg'
4eb8c9e3a898322f1a7489bc23a7cc2b
9c7a04d3445ccfdf45cd31839790daf9b4bbdbe7
describe
'28805' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHD' 'sip-files00157.pro'
63fbad2f33f4550adb2607e688296021
1166fca2b8e5a21b7ccff783e227a1c50a0595d4
describe
'62144' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHE' 'sip-files00157.QC.jpg'
943adac468cd45e6195745ea99197a4a
1432c058b7997749e62c823800d4c74f78334cd3
describe
'1895420' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHF' 'sip-files00157.tif'
2c43cd44713d102e4ea4d8ae732c2585
a8c47de2503ec832a373ca77e5bc7d49b253bea4
describe
'1233' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHG' 'sip-files00157.txt'
f9c86f6d2fcf3bfb88ca7a9b909d3fef
ea50dec84f037226100ad85abf585c16d8904534
describe
'34155' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHH' 'sip-files00157thm.jpg'
f1baeea3598950ddb9a5580e6f835312
9cbaa25c65e664cc787b35be466ed593658bdb4a
describe
'234991' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHI' 'sip-files00158.jp2'
36b81431cc74cfd8fa2eb7e05b9a6d4e
de9e35106c21c3fc4b0b5f599eee822b85e6fb10
describe
'169085' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHJ' 'sip-files00158.jpg'
c5fbac79fbaa1ce81fa2858804d43d13
b7701eb702512ae58d6013e857382a9ffcc7b839
describe
'40364' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHK' 'sip-files00158.pro'
abb72c3483fdc6432644793c242ad698
51125f5fe87737b4e6fc060b64f0ee5f6582cb5f
describe
'74954' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHL' 'sip-files00158.QC.jpg'
9269e03075722652173d0e09e03f5899
f6ca40d75ef4c596f278b7d31d1a71fa4e133996
describe
'1905528' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHM' 'sip-files00158.tif'
df93bbffa8ec57dc2fe7e46b77b38e1b
d297639f0f208eaec72b6b3878218c4c7303809d
describe
'1712' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHN' 'sip-files00158.txt'
25fde173931957f982a6e180f27f6bc3
8ffedde6be0fe6daafb030e3c8c963418643f841
describe
'38117' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHO' 'sip-files00158thm.jpg'
ddee90b7678f104b3d50e283d37780ae
03f8363e5915d1c4a6131773a788b776982a6338
describe
'230250' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHP' 'sip-files00159.jp2'
dfe776fdffa94d4d417f697087fcf8c5
3700eb6afba026a6dd909d7cd4553fa124f236db
describe
'144087' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHQ' 'sip-files00159.jpg'
f922cf58e2ab49d11843997a39469560
83d715a5b58bb8f9f36e414625070f03b8c8d777
describe
'33867' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHR' 'sip-files00159.pro'
940a112b88101454b17c87cc81f0e31c
1fbc95e09f19957cbc8deec288e1fa9fc5071eba
describe
'68354' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHS' 'sip-files00159.QC.jpg'
39463ea4be7d0fcd0ad5c65453b00a6d
1e35b96f989b8567b5334bcaeaac2c983b348f5c
describe
'1866784' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHT' 'sip-files00159.tif'
3f0b7cc4f1a0b5aece2c3e4b0b4bc942
12f22eafdbde6c26246794df1efb197d6bb9a30a
describe
'1521' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHU' 'sip-files00159.txt'
54d8602fbe5704fd51dfd43b3dba1f1f
746300fff69fa469341333b1f127eacb8465f230
describe
'36473' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHV' 'sip-files00159thm.jpg'
4c12129c41cb075fc88377b5eb9add46
6033f8318958e7709d790fb0e948b1f4ea374656
describe
'235764' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHW' 'sip-files00160.jp2'
c4e24fa65b69a60332c197f09e814915
9e9a2465a7d32c66ee90b247b04291d2ef7a5b82
describe
'166908' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHX' 'sip-files00160.jpg'
3a505c32e50924d3f43c53badada90ec
8e39b103fdc825ec3fbf641d6f1fb6386a7ed5b5
describe
'40712' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHY' 'sip-files00160.pro'
b802bdab39da06605d0a02c3c7ac1b5a
0e0f62e263a3eb07e6a749bcacccab51a6e2d0eb
describe
'76698' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEHZ' 'sip-files00160.QC.jpg'
ffea0abf4e7023adbf2bc6a987f45ce9
b009e6e4f387124932a069f2c132862e16b2d645
describe
'1911392' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIA' 'sip-files00160.tif'
d247e3f7316e2199649986b0eb3a9672
531d55969da5599b50e5a610919c060e625978b7
'2012-03-31T21:54:13-04:00'
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIB' 'sip-files00160.txt'
09c0f4643b6d6405e21fe21eb165bd8e
45ff4d5d13bf30e3b2b0dcd2729e0ffa508649a3
describe
'38321' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIC' 'sip-files00160thm.jpg'
4449faffdd9dd5eb701769f5ec376e66
ec8873adc99d558a4a7d5cdb09570876d3baa7d6
describe
'242760' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEID' 'sip-files00161.jp2'
35a98019306dd3e608b5168b4b1c770d
4a66b36826a555e7a2406bea8b4223415013a514
describe
'164944' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIE' 'sip-files00161.jpg'
1efb819ddc7fff6857ed76045456d449
8f3331325524df584fb59ce39c0eb2c22d69befe
describe
'42394' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIF' 'sip-files00161.pro'
a29c0254d3c857a4a885083d0141776c
59c3ddcf4f4ace14bb21a2cffa6823964ae677c4
describe
'76625' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIG' 'sip-files00161.QC.jpg'
c8fb6ae42caab5a1a651903b9089a850
64834228fe4684042b2716b953123045894fd40c
describe
'1967888' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIH' 'sip-files00161.tif'
fbbfbdc4488acf83d0c1c1321d8af269
5f03e6ad4f66b539c005d07dfb0367a54f3668a2
describe
'1778' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEII' 'sip-files00161.txt'
79dec0cfade72d3c8eae49ea11d4c4a9
9bfa076915c3ab5a17860dd2cf172c1854d2c62d
describe
'38356' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIJ' 'sip-files00161thm.jpg'
ee642c9c157301e39fc1db071c589837
0975123c6cb5513c8cc8b09d9ba05413f0ee45f8
describe
'247712' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIK' 'sip-files00162.jp2'
cc8d557c187e89ca5ec52bce432ae132
18fb5b0d1008eea8f683fd90100701d0f5322571
describe
'121858' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIL' 'sip-files00162.jpg'
ba0da728f91344c0284cdc42fed6d564
d5f7e7be2aa209de909ef224fa98fdb4a3518795
describe
'28170' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIM' 'sip-files00162.pro'
878053cb645e8b519ffbbefa8f525df1
225148849085223782911561c2f5f4d54b1c3825
describe
'58316' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIN' 'sip-files00162.QC.jpg'
dd564547718869215255d01d9fcd2ba5
b219c5b3f9221221c3f7673a1a8e8f02300ec918
describe
'2005336' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIO' 'sip-files00162.tif'
d2bc8bc924079668369cc32f2a40d05d
9cd40117bbb82df6e853331159592776434d1acb
describe
'1251' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIP' 'sip-files00162.txt'
4b3acf2be5895a9e5e756d429636b0cd
6987aae269b35421c2e5789e3b81b8723611d6a5
describe
'33182' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIQ' 'sip-files00162thm.jpg'
c66580efaf7ad8ebd2a58fc19e01afec
9eeb4a746b9c37d5b1adb0b4387d123888f677b7
describe
'245241' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIR' 'sip-files00163.jp2'
0c209de86d6c4dedae08f1f500e26cdb
ad029f2db4ccb4cf572496314fb8060cfcfba44c
describe
'175265' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIS' 'sip-files00163.jpg'
2a3254e0757980b14e93a5e6301c51f0
19057acad0671f8c69e7a8eab0b131d4188423cc
'2012-03-31T21:55:43-04:00'
describe
'48068' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIT' 'sip-files00163.pro'
a9cda46217dc72bbba7cd18043aee39f
77b3e675b0786ae41bae4b5f83603bc89b3a4b9c
describe
'79654' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIU' 'sip-files00163.QC.jpg'
fca8b75e60ebcee2081a88d4fd90c89d
870f370d8db7de19ee6ee53846719fb66affe5e4
describe
'1987992' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIV' 'sip-files00163.tif'
5c735428cbb2e51b7d1ee0709b6d12e5
6e6aa963fbeb65f1b4082cc55c3c66b09eb560b0
describe
'1980' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIW' 'sip-files00163.txt'
f0189e61a2872cf26451a0eb27f21570
dd4046c8b36629e82379f332635da2a96ed51ffb
describe
'38986' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIX' 'sip-files00163thm.jpg'
751f77eabe8723f4f5b2d86001f43b4c
77cb5efb3c2b650e2a7194a70f221c1ae6547469
describe
'223749' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIY' 'sip-files00164.jp2'
454cc073a79071661be7430e48f91ef2
7e77744e7fcfd8847829c992881408941856afe9
describe
'176153' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEIZ' 'sip-files00164.jpg'
c1b7f206540b5c41d88ee68d4397b66e
ad4cfbec40d5111e5df6bbdcec13f1b74adc2ce2
describe
'44376' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJA' 'sip-files00164.pro'
2a08d402e2de7e82d455de9616a8b2ea
20d5031b1741ce08735d5fbdf6b1bd673a581fbe
describe
'79791' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJB' 'sip-files00164.QC.jpg'
f0e0bd365a0344a2820eddebd776b695
215f5ed57a66ca1ac1b8e9a76b150220857c2f58
describe
'1816128' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJC' 'sip-files00164.tif'
eee963fd6ee8b3580bffa2c96af84458
934e49abea9cbb62edaa52250f20b27e7da8c7f2
'2012-03-31T21:55:40-04:00'
describe
'1855' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJD' 'sip-files00164.txt'
1bc6c8223067f39dea4d43414d72ef4e
7e8b95be3a5f8402a30a2a84c63dda6842b2125f
describe
'39243' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJE' 'sip-files00164thm.jpg'
60f474b735784e5627f700cc4e0c1605
3745046f9ed78138bd9a4b8b395b320152ad1f2d
describe
'246954' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJF' 'sip-files00165.jp2'
2639cc32a901a172713b969e0422cbe4
64ffb6972329281600e9d822a7aeb83c7113f9ef
describe
'168552' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJG' 'sip-files00165.jpg'
50f70808270c8666e98b12dce9847450
cb23ceb583ca2778061bf96fb89c66a6588a2568
describe
'44650' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJH' 'sip-files00165.pro'
f05d4ee6e4119a6e9ccabc0b4793867d
4efcd12b58dd6afbba21252c4feb6350cb6c071e
describe
'75964' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJI' 'sip-files00165.QC.jpg'
d496b90c27dd328dc57cdc10c69e61a5
fa64e4de62effbeb6ca304e2a7fd5d31e8aa3c95
describe
'2000968' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJJ' 'sip-files00165.tif'
9ebce5e64f7e906e306df22dada075ec
3534bcfedc74f6ddfb4da1ce6ee15c1d06057e96
describe
'1853' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJK' 'sip-files00165.txt'
6885af0a65287e56b27a1e3e33337f5c
7a18c4b6e8b983201478767546d3dcc31f525971
describe
'37817' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJL' 'sip-files00165thm.jpg'
595e3db7d29d634ab618eccc045dee32
04f5337930d3ca1b383df213f200a074e1c683f9
describe
'243061' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJM' 'sip-files00166.jp2'
90b69837884c007605362c11d9bbc2c8
9f482c6b8b507fb02f4775b35bce2f3805be8b3b
describe
'175151' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJN' 'sip-files00166.jpg'
b7db573ac02bf4f9c3e96b9a5171254d
26da98f6f2107ae94d2e1dade5119305cc87866d
describe
'45315' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJO' 'sip-files00166.pro'
7b5513d37cc27f3e6b4399dcf8c44547
877d3ce23e1dc453be920dcba3c80c0b7a8ebad1
describe
'78137' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJP' 'sip-files00166.QC.jpg'
5eaf3a0d5f6a008d28e19293db58988f
fd6bcaeaa38c03aedab4dcecf630ecbba7e2e74c
describe
'1970776' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJQ' 'sip-files00166.tif'
866e6600b392b4393948f1fded84eb11
b45d167364c49edff17970518890aa3d0db149bb
describe
'1876' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJR' 'sip-files00166.txt'
a7dbbd8000ce421a2615235622aa06ab
8b251e0c7edebea7226d980933875d63f2cf313b
describe
'39310' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJS' 'sip-files00166thm.jpg'
b92096dccd179732b378e0385d275717
8ec3525d8e47fc016ff9a906c0d690ef3ef4840c
describe
'242091' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJT' 'sip-files00167.jp2'
7a8458e6dfe9aa7b1b870b141d9e4c22
a7ffe29219f85f25255f3bd75083df404e9b7ce8
describe
'174648' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJU' 'sip-files00167.jpg'
512bd788cff6c2391d0cb6d894ac3afe
514b105e748248f304e5869f39ae1d6a22908f39
describe
'44555' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJV' 'sip-files00167.pro'
5c9f68aba36b7f657afbf93da7a9c481
7c2de13fc0a1c171f6a98e3db5a8e07ad1b32c43
describe
'79509' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJW' 'sip-files00167.QC.jpg'
b5f9c1728e4844aa2e56c1995b6d74e6
41fa8d7ff5551acddd7cf10bf102280a104caf7c
describe
'1963972' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJX' 'sip-files00167.tif'
b260086a29b90b1c4db7bcd090761f39
1a66d11c640ffa38457a2cd0ba1b758f06ed6897
describe
'1849' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJY' 'sip-files00167.txt'
eba27fc37ddf88f6d3966fcfe198cab4
9d04c0c8c3ca8b23ba4984e28a19e2c3dc9a2c12
describe
'39464' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEJZ' 'sip-files00167thm.jpg'
712ec9c87dbbd05a698458c67e175f1e
fb0e68e1259b338f8bc5516f1fceaa9b505aaf16
describe
'241388' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKA' 'sip-files00168.jp2'
b073041170011f36af2caa339538a7ad
b3ce2944b15f5fe0cd598c74bbcd075faa967baa
describe
'188291' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKB' 'sip-files00168.jpg'
0db99239d4a129429bf024bc65a5d2bd
5ba1ed9e6423a464bac91dbedcf184da7dd5b196
describe
'48784' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKC' 'sip-files00168.pro'
6a8644653b8792208543f841755ed742
4a86a95cc87abf55227c43928ca9f43f0ce0b2ad
describe
'82392' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKD' 'sip-files00168.QC.jpg'
7e970a6359c184a1a29de24a24261ee4
5631e1e3057c13c416cf68aaaf12a41ed844e279
describe
'1957496' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKE' 'sip-files00168.tif'
f057802587f81bcff03ca25c0e59b81e
b856da581f9689869729e49ec9ae76b54e14a01e
describe
'2045' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKF' 'sip-files00168.txt'
58a78c9cd08f7ee95184dd62946a2132
f17889c5aaacc7391c38b5130ca15c2bf31475c9
describe
'40143' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKG' 'sip-files00168thm.jpg'
5f42a5a282085f9eba259fc5cc51af45
df8a17298bc1207dbb72d9d113764b80deec74df
describe
'236446' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKH' 'sip-files00169.jp2'
a98d7f64b4562b21586465b7fc05079c
d4ca7fae9b3f4f195cfd5c1f72bd8811d4dc4a33
describe
'172478' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKI' 'sip-files00169.jpg'
7be9e384d9e85e851358286c9b8dc566
62273812f6b0f3d4f28106abc0929a5d0a30db86
describe
'43489' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKJ' 'sip-files00169.pro'
24048b0e97e28e8ecc013312e65cee81
71c17eb27012631f549ed61ede2997da6d92a5be
describe
'76977' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKK' 'sip-files00169.QC.jpg'
cfa7e1cf69a15c88cd38c27492c06413
e50cf7cf621892b85a6af5409dd00a417bf4f3ce
describe
'1917680' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKL' 'sip-files00169.tif'
1ae1779c9060a0a8257e12d2902bcf02
0005915b63fb034883e05d7260d20655a8755053
describe
'1799' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKM' 'sip-files00169.txt'
b7fa823f05ad8bad0823c8eee8d9e189
726aece3f1847b0848a93f52f6fbf623c9238f88
describe
'38943' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKN' 'sip-files00169thm.jpg'
5c58e954be49b8414f3f01e5544b6fd9
3f8328cb0a685c7fb7f1b14de353df3826b18c6d
describe
'224185' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKO' 'sip-files00170.jp2'
5b53d9299cfad91eef79d5e98afabe71
2c5ddb9acdd7924e1cf87d8f366dc8375e542ad1
describe
'184066' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKP' 'sip-files00170.jpg'
5ef758b92fb84618b920fa711cfd2b51
0acb9af95a3949b99626d60710ff85c6b1fb74ab
describe
'45451' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKQ' 'sip-files00170.pro'
cd322488dcade2d28503fdecf3768d1d
8d4534d3cd02167ef497c712bb1b181bd225ac76
describe
'82282' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKR' 'sip-files00170.QC.jpg'
af4c9305a9500749ad074e09d9f173f6
34850cf8deb688c0af91180781fcc792ef73d090
describe
'1819344' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKS' 'sip-files00170.tif'
6dc435d4aa052e2563d5fc7fc07d6532
de2b4b31ee490402958dbba03dec287e661e1f37
describe
'1897' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKT' 'sip-files00170.txt'
cb045c50d058d2d59fa9b3f45fa3970b
821ca1e52e2a88cf29e0d7e8cb8c707e68f184b4
describe
'39751' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKU' 'sip-files00170thm.jpg'
c4c8b1b75ea0b41d3f66a8d04ac49e50
108004cd09ad5275483195abac068ebe9474908e
describe
'241180' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKV' 'sip-files00171.jp2'
3298d7b5a6a88a709f77d6d7b9ec3365
fa14946b5eabafb1c87d2644626eff2c73ccd34d
describe
'194952' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKW' 'sip-files00171.jpg'
d9100646b13a6882dc8ae02ad7161745
1f12a90ad257bb1dd41ee41c146e5cd399734198
describe
'51209' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKX' 'sip-files00171.pro'
99c401389c1b014ce5226ab16cfb75b9
2039550e742bdfdbc9bc2d6436f3471ddb02eb29
describe
'84484' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKY' 'sip-files00171.QC.jpg'
46d692dcd29945fb40c6c282d0094bbc
ed263ae592dad587767e2ad2912f627cc8e764c9
describe
'1955668' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEKZ' 'sip-files00171.tif'
0fc5e9f907244436eaa16b2e12a3ef27
ac3eff39470ac75f9627cac4d6013473ab523e89
describe
'2114' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELA' 'sip-files00171.txt'
1bbf3728dacb0f81f9bc7276bb351864
107b0baaeedd2994c1c3476eafb30725052f8e76
describe
'40114' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELB' 'sip-files00171thm.jpg'
f694cab20c1f6ca2c5770e99098570b1
e913f574b336fe72f82d71fa375c32013a1770ef
describe
'242206' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELC' 'sip-files00172.jp2'
1aba998a6744d9fc9fdb2a4dce6bfbb4
348b92d7577e11bc6562f8bf1d35ff25e9e8067d
describe
'183855' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELD' 'sip-files00172.jpg'
a0969804014eace9cb8bcbd8245d7275
5eb35264cd481a56f9a21057c741cfb1befa34c4
'2012-03-31T21:50:22-04:00'
describe
'49825' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELE' 'sip-files00172.pro'
dd27802f78c8a76b89a7cee9d93fe607
200fe42df9a97fe6d873910f0ad4544ee0ff73f3
describe
'81467' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELF' 'sip-files00172.QC.jpg'
16fcb91e6e0c3330d0e285106a5d259c
e501acf06786fdfd3f0560718b70055b241bb27c
describe
'1964068' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELG' 'sip-files00172.tif'
5568742ba63f3bc9525793ee3cdfbb6c
a8625b68a35ec2a5968d782a8307841f66c2421b
describe
'2047' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELH' 'sip-files00172.txt'
a47f46d484beb7c13a64267c4193a867
d0dd7a19ec8e4181454f99ee93c7bf2217e24406
describe
'39615' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELI' 'sip-files00172thm.jpg'
1e19f2624e16d9fcb0549290a853df66
27886ffa1b2124483899b29fce7a303c572d9cd5
describe
'232991' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELJ' 'sip-files00173.jp2'
8351280e61d78795771b7a6407f9b0f1
79b511d44f55b7909778e15fb2b1fbd55fb34013
describe
'159709' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELK' 'sip-files00173.jpg'
eb086eb2dfebb46a8a2814d6e909fb09
9be52baae5796150a008d47d80274acca8667ae9
describe
'39780' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELL' 'sip-files00173.pro'
04b7e0fd188230a3d6a83cbc576cc6a9
7576a2a61b7095604831fbee57e1cbe858c1fb9d
describe
'75228' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELM' 'sip-files00173.QC.jpg'
0d0831696f36d65f78b7da1c80af8c24
47382cf77eeaf8ddf282675fe28e41323178e4e1
describe
'1889172' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELN' 'sip-files00173.tif'
db8a4cfb68b03d90c43d7489559450e5
5fd60554d6b6a603e5072c7b1718fc51ba7814a2
describe
'1824' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELO' 'sip-files00173.txt'
abc14aea3cd51ed51425e5d2aaa86706
3bcbef95e21f473d0c0a572fba34209afa9758ab
describe
'37365' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELP' 'sip-files00173thm.jpg'
b0507ada09d8d6f3b9b945f5d0df9c02
f40c52b0b8b33ef5a9aa04e6d4d2ce23fb2bf007
'2012-03-31T21:53:08-04:00'
describe
'239405' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELQ' 'sip-files00174.jp2'
bd3609f8180ac7bfaa4a4e3a41ad690e
0fe61349176326d12a532a653ab3aabb7e8412b6
describe
'167595' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELR' 'sip-files00174.jpg'
f16cd8a582448f1010288a7a2acf6773
2c520bf79f02d98cfd927e4c872a17bee7417c31
describe
'42987' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELS' 'sip-files00174.pro'
34f34ad91be3b6b8b94637dcd3690bc0
54b6c32424f6ede48de00a96c4734caad58eb285
describe
'75984' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELT' 'sip-files00174.QC.jpg'
83bc9b7b714ecdc29d68d964ca645c2b
1cce79e7b293647e010279ebea206b18a7122c07
describe
'1941060' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELU' 'sip-files00174.tif'
5ea9f6e9df208f92648dde277beef850
e9217e83a0189dc9bb9588a91c2ae57928030ed5
describe
'1813' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELV' 'sip-files00174.txt'
6261ee93db0be548d31a656846605c5b
d9016d84203cf6cf134f43f82dedd8838cbb5dc7
describe
'38797' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELW' 'sip-files00174thm.jpg'
1ef6cf31f5db164f71ed75bec399b1fc
83ba5801b841ecc24ca9377e7f85fd705ace4252
describe
'233356' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELX' 'sip-files00175.jp2'
7cf5fd9669fb39ea3366d94daf8b5fbd
011e1ea96f5d3299ede96d7ca850213cd17e4e42
describe
'157394' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELY' 'sip-files00175.jpg'
155dbcac427c5f98c533c438a471306d
49387eee66e98bbef0a1b51a3fdc4a85d65da580
describe
'33960' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABELZ' 'sip-files00175.pro'
a3554b73df54b5df9adf3f65847d6100
df2a34acb49c983feecc6336c81340d0c5d4954c
describe
'74467' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMA' 'sip-files00175.QC.jpg'
dc711bea7c529cfd2d9914f598df863d
8434ffe532f6ea973eb18f63304a126ad972792c
describe
'1893104' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMB' 'sip-files00175.tif'
25d959ee3e14c1fe9ae20017409f9881
ef5274844e2689e065eb1df8d7edc98befdf312e
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMC' 'sip-files00175.txt'
05f1b84d549ef5a81d6dbe73b7779108
66afadb9b9e3052987f00373a9915641d6ab6476
describe
'38733' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMD' 'sip-files00175thm.jpg'
6c40a51b3de695118e52cc952854f9f6
fedb8b04ab222d835674d0114dfe968b67f69f07
describe
'233320' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEME' 'sip-files00176.jp2'
f327e34ca3584b5efa3fa8d3885bacd6
a99a4c38c9297b49e3ba9e389ae45d63ba535784
describe
'181221' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMF' 'sip-files00176.jpg'
13ef28952101def759d5d482441c0182
0bb21ab5c54236e7976ccb2794535532de19b3d8
describe
'43649' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMG' 'sip-files00176.pro'
af7112d1f99aac5664f27db3dac1c342
7102426f418f7ce9a56e963619afcb09fbc45810
describe
'82281' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMH' 'sip-files00176.QC.jpg'
1b18fc5a3bba72cfa845e6ff8463e815
986fe7df4eda0a617e6403461365d3414bee1829
describe
'1893364' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMI' 'sip-files00176.tif'
4875b8dfab42f6d5c916d12b04284ace
88a5c2bc69f9ae95b2abf9074c6e3b2449f29b63
describe
'2031' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMJ' 'sip-files00176.txt'
ae4c627e3b43e8bea17118328998fff2
b763a62ad0e1650dbc0e1b813bc98106096c0b68
describe
'40147' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMK' 'sip-files00176thm.jpg'
268c86135f125bf943772b5b46b65cb1
3c23b6b4705478861314e9ce28d483348e75c5b5
describe
'237404' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEML' 'sip-files00177.jp2'
a89184d392e1dd5e9872b5966d1354a1
c19414e9180d882afc37226e9e29c5ad00ab9243
describe
'180715' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMM' 'sip-files00177.jpg'
d5f72b47fb7927b8b64ba9e1c05dfb60
e4f0116e19e1b2917bc3079816d91c72347b361c
describe
'49021' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMN' 'sip-files00177.pro'
0565b0e94058d83f9d17cf5339df0c18
63f555680143da5322275ced4b34db7cef2d2be9
describe
'83259' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMO' 'sip-files00177.QC.jpg'
b9fedd09cc350753e4b178968c50ee9c
c7989ec38a771c1092e871b2f1a1e3953b00b8d1
describe
'1925620' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMP' 'sip-files00177.tif'
d88ef5e33f5f5507719a988480456328
f812d4a383448cb754d190a2fc51d76e9bcfc967
describe
'2007' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMQ' 'sip-files00177.txt'
933530f3252d8e36098ea8a9d77b5df2
2160a73208758d7b2b0b682a89953a3646ec714d
describe
'39835' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMR' 'sip-files00177thm.jpg'
256b9eaf65f10fe5f9ae21e826360ad2
2f7dc260d3bcc72e299f85a803130dfb639d2db3
describe
'236731' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMS' 'sip-files00178.jp2'
cd296436607eee1666a6ea137ebc020f
eb6812f6a9d2596b9a53bbbc5d0a2c4263d38a04
describe
'181607' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMT' 'sip-files00178.jpg'
120e2e6fa626b2604541fe93fe5a2866
4cda82bc59974af9b399e821a5b4982fdb3b54e4
describe
'46172' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMU' 'sip-files00178.pro'
87fb647d5568d2acdbde834b512520c3
59a24ce55d8e0fb030083d76690b323d091ba9c0
describe
'80091' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMV' 'sip-files00178.QC.jpg'
cbbbc6478ffa479c51c53398f0e9c397
407b4ab67503629aa4a49374b2c20fdf677869a3
describe
'1920104' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMW' 'sip-files00178.tif'
2d6ae425b44850ec8133c7dab9299b9e
013809184e391f81c449206e8aade3f3434cd417
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMX' 'sip-files00178.txt'
095b9c2fd577468a0c5d589fcdb01055
aa8bea9140a964d1da484edcb4cfeaf985047a35
describe
'39578' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMY' 'sip-files00178thm.jpg'
274be5689adea2feb91e9ea509c6ba5f
71a535740b0d4b4cf7fe74646bf26b6d87c686e2
describe
'242199' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEMZ' 'sip-files00179.jp2'
4eac59718e28f6f68f36b513aab4a389
06f128cccf5350ac9fbe7525e527bc63db27fadb
describe
'90209' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENA' 'sip-files00179.jpg'
8f6e9e2cd5fc0eea3f32ed8054e6696c
342f41c51ee027723c2ec8eebf3149a23c7292b1
describe
'7647' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENB' 'sip-files00179.pro'
b61cbf9b764c7c93dd48dc47f2499136
bb44e457386aabd874937491abee67443572bc5f
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENC' 'sip-files00179.QC.jpg'
5f80ef7ef140d46843977d179ddf4cc8
87cd83b46bd79b190564526321572dcb45d76a20
'2012-03-31T21:52:27-04:00'
describe
'1961084' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEND' 'sip-files00179.tif'
636d8a34e8bb706902b47abbcdb5ac38
a96999761dac2ed8f0983cb851563b931999bc44
describe
'358' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENE' 'sip-files00179.txt'
e6adc28335c31cf7b640e48469fdeba4
83d8c1b2b8a306583fea3fd717b3c1629c07c2fb
describe
'28021' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENF' 'sip-files00179thm.jpg'
c46587abf57041db527362f17d07b8ae
5d0c75ead6df8e6c4ee393ba533bdccab2ebb04b
describe
'225487' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENG' 'sip-files00180.jp2'
d3a046b4c81e0aa59e6b98353c20ff51
d912cee561173e75af5aa235e6ff114fe3f91fa4
describe
'71613' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENH' 'sip-files00180.jpg'
5a7774a5857e57ea5231cc53ddaea4ce
4f5ae4f965e96c8e54d35b85aa222dc61d5641af
describe
'466' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENI' 'sip-files00180.pro'
3fd0b3cf27c32a3a5df7c5f122e0ccac
1430f26426af764cae3d9d8bf770fc07fb2a5c50
describe
'37176' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENJ' 'sip-files00180.QC.jpg'
7f320298b04e5aee2a8b3c4b2a5e03f5
5b22e2462e606d926ad0d4cfdadc55734847da4f
describe
'1824496' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENK' 'sip-files00180.tif'
a7bef1ec289b8fd3aedc1cbd0482cd8c
06697d316509deb4271d7756bc9cff76ae00169b
describe
'41' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENL' 'sip-files00180.txt'
73e82d18eba1bfc810312257a2513e8c
2deeb31f8bc5fff1ecc713c26c7d8a37eedb8fce
describe
'25417' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENM' 'sip-files00180thm.jpg'
85accfc937e1fac377e3c1b99d7f270e
b7222085f059f4c216f1f1b39efc5a92dccb0d77
describe
'1618' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENN' 'sip-files00181.jp2'
d4218b496cf41378cc54afea9f2fec1d
65a91395ff0d432ebf04b30b7c5a25f38a0a5602
describe
'20716' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENO' 'sip-files00181.jpg'
b43b8e2fb15445b64e10ade61f10f4ad
df1ab055b2bf77708a630e20b03db047636a8c72
describe
'19025' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENP' 'sip-files00181.QC.jpg'
31ace65245fb8ca2e2a41183de3f3206
c08ec0afa07573a997a05f9cc986f1e50b4bc3df
describe
'1662160' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENQ' 'sip-files00181.tif'
1adc5d5b000f7b50eb9b422359f8ee9b
3d3b6f45507c1200aa643eb3efbbd15df3b47b6a
describe
'18578' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENR' 'sip-files00181thm.jpg'
ee355d629ebf54b18f1da002d099ed5f
9fed738da3c007f1be93dddb7ba6dc776aa6f819
describe
'232982' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENS' 'sip-files00182.jp2'
bb02d6035298acc7e33b0b9bfdb9e0f2
31fdd2e0ab454c6d9f59621e5dfdca7883931384
describe
'156643' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENT' 'sip-files00182.jpg'
d6ccce52b19ce2f57d15405b3b75458e
e5835d68f18d664cff808a9e8bb0026a2c4b66e7
describe
'26464' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENU' 'sip-files00182.pro'
a452ed307b6558646a0c271d1fd46930
5ce7063b105cc877388a6e72e69229c0b8ca2a22
describe
'69339' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENV' 'sip-files00182.QC.jpg'
64bdd9f3fccdd68429a60a3d34bc4bd8
757827cd15c38d8cdbedd7f1c00b185304bcad77
describe
'1889472' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENW' 'sip-files00182.tif'
d62ffec44b70cbcd07890181e35817bc
25923bbccc01f7b4683e8f5015acf2c9c82b1c3f
describe
'1249' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENX' 'sip-files00182.txt'
277d844afd1f11e59c38b830b252c581
3a4fea0beaf1bcbf88a10fb009dcbe3745c4a060
describe
'35788' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENY' 'sip-files00182thm.jpg'
1960171caeb98a8ff291b121372aaa71
20fae2017042046cea1ddcd6e34c120b71dd85e0
describe
'227220' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABENZ' 'sip-files00183.jp2'
8509c0e8c67d8460bfc14eb545c67aaf
f29eb163756d665673ee0ea8780e91c459de02a1
describe
'155920' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOA' 'sip-files00183.jpg'
25f26bf3e96c84a13ca491018a0b26fc
4e4f5e9e7f8016e8d54ac1a528eee7602e9386f9
describe
'39728' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOB' 'sip-files00183.pro'
4dcee527580eaf2b30a8b7cc7f56e75d
2ecf85f9a506de9bcaca8d2a0df4c210267bd625
describe
'73647' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOC' 'sip-files00183.QC.jpg'
45665869d35b495057cd57d69e550408
ff09c558c5f156104897692059ebc6c32b333af2
describe
'1844020' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOD' 'sip-files00183.tif'
02a43b85f1b605812bede0222898fa5f
c06d0c18908268609db2489458cff9cb2c5b0300
describe
'1676' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOE' 'sip-files00183.txt'
8dd164aa78386b2366114aca1b14a016
bbc61d362119f4ce2cb7c34ed1f5bf734901ba20
describe
'38027' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOF' 'sip-files00183thm.jpg'
65893efac265ba14a879e067e3f071e0
2e4373891d3d58769f305ee4baaf99138a2ccb11
describe
'240275' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOG' 'sip-files00184.jp2'
f4869347d46d4e6fd266c092e220b0e8
9d81beaee54454b489976645280a14c97a3bc666
describe
'159556' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOH' 'sip-files00184.jpg'
38c8774f4f4c380674a494a37c9c6cc7
b812904468b841ec853e9c462bb95977d32b7635
describe
'39287' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOI' 'sip-files00184.pro'
ea4c0581d99c15f1793e1754318e023d
cea217deb8eab9abee03664a998ab094bdddf757
describe
'72091' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOJ' 'sip-files00184.QC.jpg'
7030ccf0c5f9be28c0ac4fe372b9059b
82bc7e9100bf69dd984a2e67a0573433b7e2018d
describe
'1948504' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOK' 'sip-files00184.tif'
d9c489dfddc23ba1d6002683fd557cff
50cbdae52ea2e5ed7a59e12b01b67ddb76ce7c45
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOL' 'sip-files00184.txt'
a07ec316b85d3eaba706199b443edb2d
c49e4f2e06f06ade1de74bec6b722ba4210f7efb
describe
'36888' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOM' 'sip-files00184thm.jpg'
089ed032af2e470c1c942c4997093c31
179b3850c6ae0fb01d6c0d1909e25a6bf9116096
describe
'221627' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEON' 'sip-files00185.jp2'
87cb876177fc67658cf320ee310d8a81
2d34f12f76558c559bfbe9e6a0518fcd69ddd06d
describe
'142279' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOO' 'sip-files00185.jpg'
1cc225b326bc3c6c3fffd827f8da8c49
4f81226d39b2d67e9822d4306165c8d686207173
describe
'34826' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOP' 'sip-files00185.pro'
2df70a8c0c63902f13dfe146e7e8c5c0
82aa3b122ddf8c2085067063d0e01cb78c2e2591
describe
'67393' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOQ' 'sip-files00185.QC.jpg'
bb32853033f6cd9b11edd74742f572fc
b157ac8b26131c9510029734dd98bdd04804bba2
describe
'1798224' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOR' 'sip-files00185.tif'
8664acebb1f1b277f2faeb95ffe8826e
f5f999502fa854e7a03db55eba9596051d0cbe77
'2012-03-31T21:51:31-04:00'
describe
'1508' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOS' 'sip-files00185.txt'
70af7e19834f4f43d91156de0875f965
ba3a7bf001028cec7b9897aac0e79e184f1a8897
describe
'36437' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOT' 'sip-files00185thm.jpg'
0448ae3e1813f6278f547d02f0d25875
2fe002210b44c3ca74497e3e71ed3eb25c4f3be0
describe
'240612' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOU' 'sip-files00186.jp2'
2b91f5eed325e160ea9411ba007c0173
b42a28dc118c6cc8bbfde9e95ed69fcbafcb58ce
describe
'138306' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOV' 'sip-files00186.jpg'
f8f6bcabba5be73dba6aa969cf82ef4b
27596104db8f0bac2d903ddff45ec5174ab3795b
describe
'33844' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOW' 'sip-files00186.pro'
176b7ef8f32cc2daee2a8327c33ee967
593a30b7b7c0f976da46b775c3e5bbc56d0ad23e
describe
'65023' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOX' 'sip-files00186.QC.jpg'
0fce6b1ac35e6cac49c382c426a4cdd1
91750fed0c1a473b8b1898e341a79adb4a1f4ead
describe
'1949608' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOY' 'sip-files00186.tif'
6277cad204c97213a9ae541463c505c7
d0904ce9536783489d906b808ccbeb918be12254
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEOZ' 'sip-files00186.txt'
24e16bf889ba6daacb0ee28be1d0294d
03ca7bdd0e1e3f9bb44e8ad1051384fbd5e6d5b0
describe
'35369' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPA' 'sip-files00186thm.jpg'
761b091e3d45f103b606d45424e2d8af
48d33af384f5b1e4b26946d5e51b8a0d5963659c
describe
'227763' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPB' 'sip-files00187.jp2'
d2c3c9161642aa433b8e71c97a5df849
b226d4c191d3980ef7257e5c29d801f166009cf3
describe
'130877' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPC' 'sip-files00187.jpg'
80fb73347602c397a070a7ad292dbc21
4f1c8e09d84f5cb763fbe84f21f43ae19d106112
describe
'31062' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPD' 'sip-files00187.pro'
2b1bc5d04c0d6d26c21301ed757a512c
547f72a2d0cf7f8c2505489ac07da790065dff3d
describe
'63768' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPE' 'sip-files00187.QC.jpg'
f9dd34c9aa13ea5a1d88ebf8182d3b80
5b8559fd3d1fb5f2a3cd1713b126ad47e37e9b03
describe
'1846984' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPF' 'sip-files00187.tif'
0f0c38d66fedd8a5061914c9776975ab
4e5e53d4ea7f09f983a7b3580f66f6706ca64a56
describe
'1376' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPG' 'sip-files00187.txt'
d072dd025232829e35d9f73d53b8052e
6516d7f473915b8e3999d20187c65797e2aaf8ef
describe
'35559' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPH' 'sip-files00187thm.jpg'
3d7b083b31de734a40e0e2844b5afd48
baa530e1687691ca61f92921327c2799b858d2ec
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPI' 'sip-files00188.jp2'
7d40a1d87c532a5479e524e212f6f530
cc6c515199edebcd9ba6682eb9a5486a1f11fc28
describe
'167387' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPJ' 'sip-files00188.jpg'
e3ad3d62be02c386bb36c6469afe519c
14a9fd152eb9d955e744c531faa2038078e5b6e9
describe
'42794' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPK' 'sip-files00188.pro'
cd25eb06a6287a094ac3d0b5229d6b96
aaa0a07fa925476f43ce12a8a95cca1fe8e03415
describe
'75705' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPL' 'sip-files00188.QC.jpg'
8ce6cd506f28c571fcc95647d100311f
22f0554dbee6b91ff88a81b478e6c401ceea6f7b
describe
'1919444' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPM' 'sip-files00188.tif'
2321f007314b0e0b1a60c1835a4c097b
fedf5fa54492eb890bbd27223a192d1a2073c645
describe
'1779' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPN' 'sip-files00188.txt'
78b4569e5ef6032f8816b003a2824bc5
8aa374d69c8be0a4fd656ddafc20e46f78592382
describe
'37801' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPO' 'sip-files00188thm.jpg'
fecbdf4b2499a61401b64a62cdc5b16a
5ac333ef6c6ba6060d95817bc47941f88b2e62ff
describe
'226048' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPP' 'sip-files00189.jp2'
af2869e5436db0bfff115731221d44dc
a32a9d0cb6ff64776c5efa825a5886179188ed72
describe
'172191' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPQ' 'sip-files00189.jpg'
f80da29f038f57309d0f270ea7a1cc85
69526cc44011df9cfd57d2b1a3b90a49d403dd91
describe
'42687' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPR' 'sip-files00189.pro'
32d0afe5948632c52c309af8525748fa
0f3075653efe40f789ef014f0df78cbcb81e6686
describe
'80672' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPS' 'sip-files00189.QC.jpg'
ff94fe20ebf686125e66b20698931028
5d0d0ecb73717c430b3c32dd07b78c09f04e0506
describe
'1834388' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPT' 'sip-files00189.tif'
87c26d56aa11f346316401395d6b1528
190a2f40881507ccfc57a3fc1f6d9af73f79e483
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPU' 'sip-files00189.txt'
292c12489d51cee0d3ff98e30dfef6c1
c46c03ace07a37dd1c9ea3e79571b7112ec0069d
describe
'39952' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPV' 'sip-files00189thm.jpg'
6edaff56764b7483f9f98f57e5117f13
2901b03ae434dace6c75e2449cc805ba64b26b4d
describe
'231074' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPW' 'sip-files00190.jp2'
1ff848b5145212d3db985fa09f69de34
a6fc819eefe227226e62b188d0e2ec8f3e204298
describe
'151651' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPX' 'sip-files00190.jpg'
b7ed9f32f27bf63c254882d66fdeb611
6cc1160c47f0f599326e72eabe81e176e25137f2
describe
'32320' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPY' 'sip-files00190.pro'
66b24309926d5632f8751282ef81ae63
613f47baaaa104743448ad3cb7631cc738ac5ddc
describe
'69652' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEPZ' 'sip-files00190.QC.jpg'
e830673df58c60bd9ad7738cc79af7db
bb585f0cef5474fa8f79b6f8a1432cbdd9c09b59
describe
'1873892' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQA' 'sip-files00190.tif'
1a26e653f0a6057b974f6d0a62add4da
6fc2d49c2fc01bc35951194ac70601fe6473a4fd
describe
'1766' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQB' 'sip-files00190.txt'
f4486332c89844cb1e2106d185ce09bc
95fae6e58d3b9f0124c55bd8cb2f041ad0e20bba
describe
'36517' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQC' 'sip-files00190thm.jpg'
e8b74c25c1fe3bdb00b275b780c3ac2d
5984363da8c672635392334190563c94cdb25786
describe
'228577' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQD' 'sip-files00191.jp2'
47f556c8e1ece5686c0f8800f51684ab
33588310f3b92018fd1356e8fe18be463d4bf70b
describe
'159637' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQE' 'sip-files00191.jpg'
6243627d15a54b3ca80ef734c1aec557
0e7f4d7abe1e7a40885437d6d81d7221c96284bd
describe
'39877' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQF' 'sip-files00191.pro'
a9779d238a715bfb2627284ece40e3c3
57afb62db639e4461e2780f8f23aabbacb58c99a
describe
'75273' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQG' 'sip-files00191.QC.jpg'
8d51156e22c192d7b818e7b565ae8ecb
c5b5e988d29f67653e3f62405afea0d0d6bde9b5
describe
'1854888' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQH' 'sip-files00191.tif'
0b30392f3b669ae58bf5e341c9d0ce4a
a339e6d217aa5bd7dfa7ad5ad6030560bd3301ca
describe
'1684' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQI' 'sip-files00191.txt'
4fec79a4d05a3a395e5c4ef19a47cbc1
dbaac6678faf25d5ec039ef6bd51a63480f8bce2
describe
'38300' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQJ' 'sip-files00191thm.jpg'
34eab1ab3e3c052be74921437282466b
af19882f4f58279c2395848b96dddc67afb9ea00
describe
'234630' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQK' 'sip-files00192.jp2'
59d8bc6a46576b3edcc07d2279e86ffc
079e31f12c159349327e7ba1e393d1dbcc432ed2
describe
'168389' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQL' 'sip-files00192.jpg'
2980dc91a36248774ba9399eceb69943
6d2bc9d9dc06a298ff4cb9f18b2e58e839206a3e
describe
'43754' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQM' 'sip-files00192.pro'
581aa1f13ad693fd549895a97342d03d
770e7a1428ca97997ab594478690cd6798802e6b
describe
'76468' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQN' 'sip-files00192.QC.jpg'
2dfcf72a55aa45cbec1568a45f94c0ec
efebd268c5f9f8b9b61248d13e66c785c55f025f
describe
'1902928' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQO' 'sip-files00192.tif'
d06571176fbdab98c60b6328c106702b
8c22823dda71c649e08fcab7687c43bd63659117
describe
'1815' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQP' 'sip-files00192.txt'
38328f7bd4778bfbd79ac4a58b124626
07a51947d6c2c2df1a8ff1d102b85de59b58f4eb
describe
'38599' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQQ' 'sip-files00192thm.jpg'
959922b0da4b9d42382669082d615f86
b74d68a08a06a19b280dd7b75dd4e7e1abf3937c
describe
'226885' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQR' 'sip-files00193.jp2'
370ffa3f6e4e04a3fdc4014ee55f99c4
ab3ddb216325a4b1fbe3206ad473bcc2d4c93bdc
describe
'129179' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQS' 'sip-files00193.jpg'
580f12ca937d8d3ecb265547f23dda92
f37d9b28f0da4abf32c31a3775495a69ffc9ad52
describe
'30697' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQT' 'sip-files00193.pro'
bacec2621892f47db1c67ca11efa3652
656551e4f126279b5110631b6ddad1b693081195
describe
'63313' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQU' 'sip-files00193.QC.jpg'
346b1649b926015ab9f979afe5f76354
a852bbfa10b6ae1ff04ecd802e521bc42dd53bc3
describe
'1839792' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQV' 'sip-files00193.tif'
47f61cd0c8d3e3fc9074167fa6734217
f6badadbe65c6d974755bd8769f5612855d75ab7
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQW' 'sip-files00193.txt'
612cbbd1b841bea2f5b7ca7741255e11
c4f367e82c24f542ecebd62e3d95174d062c6636
describe
'35285' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQX' 'sip-files00193thm.jpg'
e1262e3a7ff01479c451b201b5d7084b
e4234ee1fc657fb17fc42a50936cf6687f65ac6e
describe
'235429' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQY' 'sip-files00194.jp2'
fc1306138f90526c5f9f3ffa6fe2369a
d1622ba6b0cafbddb2c60762f7442d9dc31ae10f
describe
'158886' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEQZ' 'sip-files00194.jpg'
1f60fd570e41b220b05cb88488ff1938
3a0496499b4691f867afcbdd50fe6ae512f41822
describe
'41538' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERA' 'sip-files00194.pro'
0ec1413365f52ff8282ea56da93c2255
2aab0f7fc1dfe7a5ce56f68ac73d1a58829d90fc
describe
'73624' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERB' 'sip-files00194.QC.jpg'
aa726e100014df6b40d2c112b579bc47
e2eb72b18dc72b9f8b01ec8b42c9f638760235e2
describe
'1908988' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERC' 'sip-files00194.tif'
62c4769233f8db70ad065b3d021c67d4
43f386026c97046fb95a2a5a31e91ce8a96e3219
describe
'1738' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERD' 'sip-files00194.txt'
121d1c97178e1442984317f098987687
46af8d470dfe53bec29391c058400a029c007fbc
describe
'37384' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERE' 'sip-files00194thm.jpg'
43659b11503e113518466babe57ca0c5
13eb7f833bd2a828b7c56de1c9fcb1cd77db2876
describe
'228602' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERF' 'sip-files00195.jp2'
39843a6a8f2049fdcceb403946a1f542
2eae09b1db70e7832a33fc3bab20cfb5f2b95c1a
describe
'173499' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERG' 'sip-files00195.jpg'
fea82fe5da2b554b19b9e36bf0c8b2d3
3ec1b4aec30d692a0368919558934d204c8611dd
describe
'44817' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERH' 'sip-files00195.pro'
133d9a061803c5ed1efbda9b9306cb22
ad722094e8e42be287bf9e29375464514b6b7658
describe
'80702' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERI' 'sip-files00195.QC.jpg'
cf54824ef4156dded704662dac588e2e
63829fa4a53c9f88fa4856a423c8795132e1ec6b
describe
'1854976' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERJ' 'sip-files00195.tif'
f0a2abd60ad5e95259b4a26b8379c304
b8881968632eaf583d43c0f622223f1e1ad541c8
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERK' 'sip-files00195.txt'
3dbffd8f77615ea435dc66da98e05434
fcabc83bb3513d1959da522e6840a105c4c8e7c5
describe
'39619' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERL' 'sip-files00195thm.jpg'
3d6640f06b399725aa1c7cd1dd487ab3
a3cb186d1e6eec6449d80bb1132315c4e4ae3487
describe
'240024' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERM' 'sip-files00196.jp2'
2ea174a5fcb6f07a59881da8af169d35
8b49f3175ee4fc9c968ad8ca073fd09d66ae2953
describe
'161951' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERN' 'sip-files00196.jpg'
1494e5a3a515c0e580d0601ad2ad5475
c3f2e5fe9373e087cec01cf5a31d678e26e05eb3
describe
'42032' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERO' 'sip-files00196.pro'
f9586977a6c9f8d497bf8d89986a3e5f
517ec3cd1ab205d5e0268848ec21e3f9d34558aa
describe
'73456' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERP' 'sip-files00196.QC.jpg'
904ae66bf0e8882adb18197f24d8fc73
97d662760cdd9cfc0b8accca2af46f792acc9c35
describe
'1945780' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERQ' 'sip-files00196.tif'
41708030718bb423db4d7cfb39e3dccc
3c259edbcbe8ee45e6b720d7dc454178d033fcf9
describe
'1750' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERR' 'sip-files00196.txt'
de37ddc3c2f2403446758dc864540c78
0d2316ba3c91f3937c86c39e30c83f994cd5d5ec
describe
'37309' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERS' 'sip-files00196thm.jpg'
247f9ceceac9e32c81cc5a7946060491
c7a5cb014bb3a78d4c03eb546b256d68fa16da92
describe
'226602' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERT' 'sip-files00197.jp2'
9330d5a2de8c5993b662730be997d776
eda06a6f7baea4dae5f92155e3a128ea86e7fa08
describe
'155352' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERU' 'sip-files00197.jpg'
e0c235da80e74c42dd8060b01135c0f4
18beefabb09eec390b823666398b6eafa779ca01
describe
'37283' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERV' 'sip-files00197.pro'
05694c4a5fef3ec35089c0d584f0372b
3cc08cf268f11d9b8e4b2c265898d055a265b658
describe
'72422' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERW' 'sip-files00197.QC.jpg'
d69483017d6fe51576fa03c335ae144f
cf8d93949ec116cbc0e8f3737445a66c0a1a74a4
describe
'1837832' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERX' 'sip-files00197.tif'
6ff952659a2ebe58c7393836bd50ba97
23a5dec0201f366e61444f1e4aec4ca8a4ff598c
describe
'1600' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERY' 'sip-files00197.txt'
8f54cd2bc72b2c6ed4d52b5ac3a17966
76eb6082ee33adb156f1103167e6405c06d7bd84
describe
'37397' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABERZ' 'sip-files00197thm.jpg'
4d7776dcead199c9d9ed52e787000fdc
44f72d0b050777d9178bfdd6a20adf620b558b76
describe
'224438' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESA' 'sip-files00198.jp2'
b90aea6fcc6ce5dde472fcfad63f0d98
1ffc6048de318755183f41e83ae856936a5bef1c
describe
'161051' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESB' 'sip-files00198.jpg'
0bb51ca674177ca9a40d511733417ba3
f9b66443b1c750136a61dfd2fe1ca8c819cd37f4
describe
'37671' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESC' 'sip-files00198.pro'
1b583a53711c12240e290d714966fbaf
8afab3277147a087abc001dcc436db4e5fc7333c
describe
'74868' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESD' 'sip-files00198.QC.jpg'
190b62d388664cb87074414596653b7e
4c251768a29199b75484b7e96a9b2068d929f475
describe
'1820368' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESE' 'sip-files00198.tif'
34bfc69df5b4c8595eee427ef6f41833
57bc120cf1b9a04a070f522df30d2c55856d5d6d
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESF' 'sip-files00198.txt'
65fdef866d32a335c60ffb499efb28d3
9899657ff85c31b3c7c69794781b1ed4291df60e
describe
'37781' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESG' 'sip-files00198thm.jpg'
9b5f37da84ef54e6acb7e68a6d65d0c1
3a49eb0f77300d5f96d125277092b08b6dac749c
describe
'231034' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESH' 'sip-files00199.jp2'
79a91215aaab4551b1d0b9c978d619bc
f5b1882673ff17e2003e90888ee693d9411a1929
describe
'148981' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESI' 'sip-files00199.jpg'
7773ed0d778a90171b15db7352dd8c1e
6dff26c835fb5dbe63914291a99e93b978d5546f
describe
'36809' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESJ' 'sip-files00199.pro'
e97325e97e97472e5097574b7c2c7425
a334a5a253f347a1f7c7f5daf2de83b456c8d5f4
describe
'69067' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESK' 'sip-files00199.QC.jpg'
3a0509acfb24ca301e4a60a54ad7d19c
535e4fe0db04b1dc90b2ff7238f3be109399fec8
describe
'1874508' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESL' 'sip-files00199.tif'
c8b7224e95f8b3945e5d88810a077cf9
2100301d2b0210bdf5b3bcb0f1daae6e71934c85
describe
'1548' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESM' 'sip-files00199.txt'
eb4093bdfca10259ca92e8c1d26aed67
e8178bfb415729c61a2f08995cab7a0d62115281
describe
'36863' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESN' 'sip-files00199thm.jpg'
4c04236a3dc546e0dfa6c3ba52786400
27096544afb98cbdef20e6362d542be0eee1fd2b
describe
'234054' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESO' 'sip-files00200.jp2'
d4f7ed464bd5a7babad0b1539e316c3e
7386a7fd3d6009a48cc4d04455f831ebcbb57040
describe
'122406' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESP' 'sip-files00200.jpg'
111e6a846f5d8beb42d83a161f1e7209
218e285d048772e521dfcec4f7b1ad4135ccae1c
describe
'26008' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESQ' 'sip-files00200.pro'
b84e72acf74d27e4135efaa690b45aee
7eab2ea26e91e2caddc119527b004ef8c69ca1bb
describe
'59890' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESR' 'sip-files00200.QC.jpg'
5908d35085d19b6540b5b6d5298b7967
ca47b54d86b2582ca776b4f0e72baf5ed1d1bfb3
describe
'1896080' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESS' 'sip-files00200.tif'
8380dc9de52407490b9d344289d08f81
242aa17fba0858f3aee76de9e182d445c951d39a
describe
'1105' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEST' 'sip-files00200.txt'
033f7c9e46f3152fbbcf8e2dcb81a3da
35251ae81c9a4307058438e44f9d9307eabdba92
describe
'33762' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESU' 'sip-files00200thm.jpg'
88fc4bc3bf01f0669b08d041b74b6b7c
a7f65d6f8689705744a607caf84d4bdb3c9b8624
describe
'233279' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESV' 'sip-files00201.jp2'
4715ba968e66df3b219f3405efc40241
43cd46dd99fd302f26301384923fbf813e37a224
describe
'162898' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESW' 'sip-files00201.jpg'
b4be1a04b420e6b7ced82e4d34ca3870
9acfaccac52b016cfb62a5dae0c585f58c483bd7
describe
'41502' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESX' 'sip-files00201.pro'
94ea3640090f88b35e084941abd79d34
70bd6ed760ef66535ff240d8d9c0439fa68257d3
describe
'74993' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESY' 'sip-files00201.QC.jpg'
881f181d779c1c40f1bae3c1aa28d74a
6a7d3438c1a526ca20f83a33f8fd93d8e615b0d3
describe
'1892152' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABESZ' 'sip-files00201.tif'
f11dd4748cd811242c32252df430e863
67790b18d73d95d5a706647d126e95aa0cc0fe6c
describe
'1745' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETA' 'sip-files00201.txt'
755e029a5840fb96e5668155b6677cbe
87905f3cbf9c1c648ff6cbf8fd7c206261e1db03
describe
'38669' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETB' 'sip-files00201thm.jpg'
eeddac6b2e1752b10e5c72305c5a7206
74bca986c75486b1baf577cd4cd0a82de6e17d00
describe
'225817' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETC' 'sip-files00202.jp2'
c461dc3bc548ac521f91b93c3b7538d5
b9a92d59d2a81aee624cba5717e47cf7047f3430
describe
'162615' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETD' 'sip-files00202.jpg'
5ea8edd9c35ade69d22ccffac6cd64b0
bcc50ad19a0f0726660696417c10144db5fabd38
describe
'38912' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETE' 'sip-files00202.pro'
b66373a14490679aae69e02a7198a1ca
e0160ab024bfb6093059ef44dd4c734a9eedb90d
describe
'75216' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETF' 'sip-files00202.QC.jpg'
6b4880bd01d4f28f20f54ba8d0463892
3d423cdebc495b6c12aab126593adb8c3073b84c
describe
'1832900' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETG' 'sip-files00202.tif'
2a5071a09799a30bf7e09cae0ee86ce7
1c2baa577960b0c95c0c3a69751bb52adcf25c99
describe
'1671' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETH' 'sip-files00202.txt'
904777310f91abec1e4b7b022f2a5716
9d79f191473a575b50f543a78621c7a669ed497d
describe
'38056' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETI' 'sip-files00202thm.jpg'
87681b10cb92146289d66948c11168aa
70b2f29a962c6684f8190bbcf9bf681c9f49da83
describe
'231004' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETJ' 'sip-files00203.jp2'
35af0abfb5f4d1f84840be70baa99918
b3f8d93c1a618f27a504925ac128a7ef05ab5efc
'2012-03-31T21:49:24-04:00'
describe
'153007' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETK' 'sip-files00203.jpg'
a6936a76cd6c4ad1e4a06f6e81f3440b
e2dd779cfc1f247cafab18e9bb2bf0c623b98c02
describe
'35787' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETL' 'sip-files00203.pro'
73e6f9e5fc1481e28808f70fe602987f
d9968a26e4557a7e1903d2729369413b70e0973b
describe
'71764' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETM' 'sip-files00203.QC.jpg'
0a38c46f61fc9656e3f2fb9c97c11af5
428d4cae66a0ee02694b16bf146a115047df70eb
describe
'1874224' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETN' 'sip-files00203.tif'
40f9b5672b160a6fc1a8074244dd9dbb
35ace7c6eebebe921066e0932d3ace245900dad5
describe
'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETO' 'sip-files00203.txt'
fbe2a0f22dd9fcaecd425d0f67de84fd
ce304db079a7d645800b8f001f9a443c92e6cb24
describe
'37676' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETP' 'sip-files00203thm.jpg'
10b612a04472930995b70934c9e92019
78edb595540b5a45fcdbc0ab6b6623592178256b
describe
'241657' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETQ' 'sip-files00204.jp2'
29b9896e34f772fe0e00adb93069b6bb
6b0ff02d4df6c21af6c5906c1f9ee2ac65393471
describe
'134358' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETR' 'sip-files00204.jpg'
4f40a5c375a3ff69670806a76c7881fc
a7420e5ce717935fa8cd57e9485c30ba2f816501
describe
'22672' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETS' 'sip-files00204.pro'
e66715deb4f00592af0b40b5c4b3a97f
23f4ce26fabed3bf1d9e7fca202eb05092856e9a
describe
'60776' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETT' 'sip-files00204.QC.jpg'
102ce583373c466a5930a0604d27f1f9
e466f8d1a1870b225a73d3296f81854c950f8f79
describe
'1957528' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETU' 'sip-files00204.tif'
d7c4d939f4476bb1060c6d468968e975
a61541b9530b7ac7c21f53c39c82ed777c7f4b14
describe
'982' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETV' 'sip-files00204.txt'
ec2e54263ae66161772e66135361a1fb
528d402134fbc6668b96bbd1ccbc16c2b29ab3e7
describe
'33115' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETW' 'sip-files00204thm.jpg'
b1d3d36b913870640e65669149503b2f
5fe5d30c3d25e44a89e336ced520891dc973f6c6
describe
'210370' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETX' 'sip-files00205.jp2'
c7e31b05fb3d929515cc98c5508d5843
6499d85fa5336fb92e561a552686d5efb290b36b
describe
'46961' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETY' 'sip-files00205.jpg'
acf5a0c77b3d116485d41e7957a92883
e6eed103e9fb55caa6d21c2b3f564b8ae3b5dcbe
describe
'1505' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABETZ' 'sip-files00205.pro'
55f0cdcefa4336a114af471f5ba0a30e
35f2841f3ac25aa340482f1c79011a1cb4ed0b75
describe
'26844' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUA' 'sip-files00205.QC.jpg'
4acfd98a53a449a20f781509b86726e6
7b2904204d1593fbd521fd625ef83e0c2e40c0b0
describe
'1701880' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUB' 'sip-files00205.tif'
c28b2838cb1707041c6abecab8291042
b6cc28e5e5a882ab631efa524ece12a0b8ebfc0f
describe
'101' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUC' 'sip-files00205.txt'
776ad4e3f9ce0985c391841b24d6a061
e622b52532afece62802f2ac8ddbfbd73284dd7c
describe
Invalid character
'20938' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUD' 'sip-files00205thm.jpg'
8312990af531f6090ab6a6519b5cdb70
0f719622db922e4c7b9faaa89a5913752942d954
describe
'243461' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUE' 'sip-files00206.jp2'
d8991ae493a043a6826d0d80f0f9b39a
0619eac8408c6105f3678cbcdf995cfcae2d30f6
describe
'41231' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUF' 'sip-files00206.jpg'
68a1b70f5a25360bde1b5b34f7b80d22
085288b32540c894484f30a304cbf6aa36a98c47
describe
'215' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUG' 'sip-files00206.pro'
47863e8c464ef57b1b8819ee43c02879
84121c17f8b8c18df2c5a410cb3fc182b035b5df
describe
'5850218' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUH' 'sip-files00206.tif'
4b23184b317bf0d0d71158089876ff48
960e19b28d714258dac407b17027f473d386e5cd
describe
'144' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUI' 'sip-files00206.txt'
1065561b1e92ad36ac9f132af2303d09
a28c01ed8c36853b31a44bc0a94b72e5d2ca784b
describe
'4057' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUJ' 'sip-files00206thm.jpg'
8bdd05e0a2a5e7722dfa0c0c1c4d9a8d
ae32b0f3f351b436d59246930093d8da4d5ae117
describe
'72' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUK' 'sip-filesprocessing.instr'
c64334c9b17f6bde97d26c48e7e77469
890f8a8af2d5efd8af3010d944063e938376addb
describe
'292065' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUL' 'sip-filesUF00001712_00001.mets'
82614c4e91c2ebcfcc5f4149a338028d
25208751f54fec57d0bf26a9c424bf273cb94f39
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'2013-12-11T18:39:55-05:00' 'mixed'
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsdhttp://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema
BROKEN_LINK http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema
The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "
".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'384312' 'info:fdaE20090911_AAABAYfileF20090911_AABEUO' 'sip-filesUF00001712_00001.xml'
f1d23b9464e7e938c4131a64702b7bae
c021aeac08d8eb13b49e23bb3e9563fcaf05a859
describe
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.
'2013-12-11T18:39:51-05:00'
xml resolution
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/ufdc2.xsd
The element type "div" must be terminated by the matching end-tag "".
TargetNamespace.1: Expecting namespace 'http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/digital/metadata/ufdc2/', but the target namespace of the schema document is 'http://digital.uflib.ufl.edu/metadata/ufdc2/'.