Title Page
 Robinson Crusoe

Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00001347/00002
 Material Information
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner with an account of his travels round three parts of the globe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Whittingham, Charles, 1767-1840 ( Printer )
Carpenter, J ( Publisher )
Booker, J ( Publisher )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Sharpe and Hailes ( Publisher )
Gale, Curtis, and Fenner ( Publisher )
Chiswick Press ( Printer )
Publisher: Printed at the Chiswick Press by C. Whittingham, for J. Carpenter, Old Bond Street J. Booker, New Bond Street Sharpe and Hailes, Museum, Piccadilly and Gale, Curtis, and Fenner, Paternoster Row
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: 1812
Subject: Castaways -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1812   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1812
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956
Statement of Responsibility: written by himself.
General Note: Spine title: Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Variant of Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe, 192 which has v.1: 2 unnumbered pages, p. iii-xvi, life of Defoe; v.2: p. 1-369. Library's copy v.1: 4 unnumbered pages, p. v-xvi, Life of Daniel Defoe; v.2: lacking half-title p., p. 1-360.
General Note: In marbled contemporary boards, three-quarter morocco, gilt relief decorative spines, marbled endpapers.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under title: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
Funding: NEH RLG GCMP4
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00001347
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001801284
oclc - 29632392
notis - AJM5045

Table of Contents
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        Title Page
    Robinson Crusoe
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Full Text










]pinteu at the Vliobuir't iPreso,

181 .





THAT homely proverb used on so many occasions
in England, viz. That what is bred in the bone
will not go out of the flesh," was never more veri-
fied than in the story of my life. Any one would
think, that after thirty-five years' affliction, and a
variety of unhappy circumstances, which few men,
if any, ever went through before, and after near
seven years of peace and enjoyment in the fulness of
all things, grown old, and when, if ever, it might
be allowed me to have had experience of every state
of middle life, and to know which was most adapted
to make a man completely happy; I say, after all
this, any one would have thought that the native
propensity to rambling, which I gave an account of
in my first setting out in the world to have been so
predominant in my thoughts, should be worn out,
the volatile part be fully evacuated, or at least con-
densed, and I might, at sixty-one years of age, have
been a little inclined to stay at home, and have done
venturing life and fortune any more.
Nay, farther, the common motive of foreign

adventures was taken away in me; for I had no for-
t une to make; I had nothing to seek: if I had gained
ten thousand pounds, I had been no richer; for I
had already sufficient for me, and for those I had to
leave it to; and that I had was visibly increasing;
for having no great family, I could not spend the
income of what I had, unless I would set up for an
expensive way of living, such as a great family, ser-
vants, equipage, gaiety, and the like, which were
thin-s I had no notion of, or inclination to; so that
I had nothing indeed to do but to sit still, and fully
enjo what I had got, and see it increase daily upon
my hands. Yet all these things had no effect upon
me, or at least not enough to resist the strong in-
clination I had to go abroad again, which hung about
me like a chronical distemper. In particular, the
desire of seeing my new plantation in the island, and
the colony I left there, ran in my head continually.
1 dreamed of it all night, and my imagination ran
upon it all day; it was uppermost in all my thoughts;
and mx fancy worked so steadily and strongly upon
it, that I talked of it in my sleep; in short, nothing
could remove it out of my mind: it even broke so
violeutll into all my discourses, that it made my
conversation tiresome, for I could talk of nothing
else; all my discourse ran into it, even to imperti-
nence; and I saw it in myself.
I have often heard persons of good judgment say,
that all the stir people make in the world about
ghosts and apparitions, is owing to the strength of
imagination, and the powerful operation of fancy in
hleir minds; that there is no such thing as a spirit
appearing or a ghost walking, and the like: that

people's poring affectionately upon the past con-
versation of their deceased friends, so realizes it to
them, that they are capable of fancying, upon some
extraordinary circumstances, that they see them,
talk to them, and are answered by them, when, in
truth, there is nothing but shadow and vapour in he
thing, and they really know nothing of the matter.
For my part, I know not to this hour whether there
are any such things as real apparitions, specties, or
walking of people after they are dead; or whether
there is any thing in the stories they tell us of that
kind, more than the product of vapours, sick minds,
ind wandering fancies: but this 1 krow, that my
imagination worked up to such a heihllt, and
brought me into such excess of vapours, or what
else I may call it, that I actually supposed myself
often upon the spot, at my old castle, behind the
trees; saw my old Spaniard, Friday's father, and the
reprobate sailors I left upon the island; nay, I fan-
cied I talked with them, and looked at them steadily,
though I was broad awake, as at persons just before
me; and this I did till I often frightened myself
with the images my fancy represented to me. One
time, in my sleep, I had the villany of the three
pirate sailors so lively related to me by the first
Spaniard and Friday's father, that it was surprising;
they told me how they barbarously attempted to
murder all the Spaniards, and that they set fire to
the provisions they had laid up, on purpose to dis-
tress and starve them; things that I had never heard
of, and that indeed were never all of them true in
fact; but it was so warm in my imagination, and so
realized to me, that, to the hour I saw them, I could

not be persuaded but that it was, or would be, true;
also how I resented it, when the Spaniard com-
plained to me; and how I brought them to justice,
tried them before me, and ordered them all three
to be hanged. What there was really in this, shall
be seen in its place: for however I came to form
such things in my dream, and what secret converse
of spirits injected it, yet there was, I say, much of
it true. I own, that this dream had nothing in it
literally and specifically true; but the general part
was so true, the base villanous behaviour of these
three hardened rogues was such, and had been so
much worse than all I can describe, that the dream
had too much similitude of the fact; and as I would
afterwards have punished them severely, so, if I
had hanged them all, I had been much in the right,
and even should have been justified both by the
laws of God and man. But to return to my story:
In this kind of temper I lived some years; I had no
enjoyment of my life, no pleasant hours, no agree-
able diversion, but what had something or other of
this in it; so that my wife, who saw my mind wholly
bent upon it, told me very seriously one night, that
she believed there was some secret powerful impulse
of Providence upon me, which had determined me
to go thither again; and that she found nothing
hindered my going, but my being engaged to a wife
and children. She told me, that it was true she
could not think of parting with me; but as she was
assured, that if she was dead it would be the first
thing I would do; so, as it seemed to her that the
thing was determined above, she would not be the
only obstruction; for, if I thought fit, and resolved

to go- Here she found me very intent upon her
words, and that 1 looked very earnestly at her, so
that it a little disordered her, and she stopped. I

asked her, why she did not go on, and say out what
she was going to say? But I perceived that her
heart was too full, and some tears stood in her eyes.
" Speak out, my dear," said I; are you willing I
should go?"-" No," says she, very affectionately,
" I am far from willing; but if you are resolved to
go," says she, and rather than I would be the
only hindrance, I will go with you: for though I
think it a most preposterous thing for one of your
years, and in your condition, yet, if it must be,"
said she, again weeping, I would not leave you;
for, if it be of Heaven, you must do it; there is no
resisting it: and if Heaven make it your duty to go,
he will also make it mine to go with you, or other-
wise dispose of me, that I may not obstruct it."

This affectionate behaviour of my wife's brought
me a little out of the vapours, and I began to con-
sider what I was doing; I corrected my wandering
fancy, and began to argue with myself sedately,
lhat business I had, after threescore years, and
after such a life of tedious sufferings and disasters,
and closed in so happy and easy a manner; I say,
what business had I to rush into new hazards, and
put myself upon adventures fit only for youth and
poverty to run into?
With those thoughts I considered my new en-
gagement; that I had a wife, one child born, and
nm wife then great with child of another; that I
had all the world could give me, and had no need
to seek hazard for gain; that I was declining in
years, and ought to think rather of leaving what I
had gained, than of seeking to increase it; that as
to what my wife had said of its being an impulse
from Heaven, and that it should be my duty to go,
I had no notion of that: so, after many of these
cogitations, I struggled with the power of my ima-
gination, reasoned myself out of it, as I believe
people may always do in like cases if they will: and,
in a word, I conquered it; composed myself with
such arguments as occurred to my thoughts, and
which my present condition furnished me plentifully
with; and particularly, as the most effectual me-
thod, 1 resolved to divert myself with other things,
and to engage in some business that might effectu-
ally tie me up from any more excursions of this
kind; for I found that thing return upon me chiefly
when I was idle, and had nothing to do, nor any
thing of moment immediately before me. To this

purpose I bought a little farm in the county of
Bedford, and resolved to remove myself thither. I
had a little convenient house upon it; and the land
about it, I found, was capable of great improve-
ment; and it was many ways suited to my inclina-
tion, which delighted in cultivating, managing, plant-
ing, and improving of land; and particularly, being
an inland country, I was removed from conversing
among sailors, and things relating to the remote
parts of the world.
In a word, I went down to my farm, settled my
family, bought me ploughs, harrows, a cart, wag-
gon, horses, cows, and sheep, and, setting seriously
to work, became, in one half year, a mere country
gentleman: my thoughts were entirely taken up in
managing my servants, cultivating the ground, en-
closing, planting, &c.; and I lived, as I thought,
the most agreeable life that nature was capable of
directing, or that a man always bred to misfortunes
was capable of retreating to.
I farmed upon my own land; I had no rent to
pay, was limited by no articles; I could pull up or
cut down as I pleased: what I planted was for my-
self, and what I improved was for my family; and
having thus left off the thoughts of wandering, I
had not the least discomfort in any part of life as
to this world. Now I thought indeed that I enjoyed
the middle state of life which my father so earnestly
recommended to me, and lived a kind of heavenly
life, something like what is described by the poet,
upon the subject of a country life-
Free from vices, free from care,
Age has no pain, and youth no snare."

But, in the middle of all this felicity, one blow
from unseen Providence unhinged me at once; and
not only made a breach upon me inevitable and in-
urable, but drove me, by its consequences, into a
deep relapse of the wandering disposition, which, as
I may say, being born in my very blood, soon re-
covered its hold of me, and, like the returns of a
violent distemper, came on with an irresistible force
upon me, so that nothing could make any more im-
pression upon me. This blow was the loss of my
wife. It is not my business here to write an elegy
upon my wife, give a character of her particular
virtues, and make my court to the sex by the flat-
tery of a funeral sermon. She was, in a few words,
the stay of all my affairs, the centre of all my enter-
prises, the engine that, by her prudence, reduced
me to that happy compass I was in, from the most
extravagant and ruinous project that fluttered in my
head, as above, and did more to guide my rambling
genius than a mother's tears, a father's instructions,
a friend's counsel, or all my own reasoning powers,
could do. I was happy in listening to her tears,
and in being moved by her entreaties; and to the
last degree desolate and dislocated in the world by
the loss of her.
When she was gone, the world looked awkwardly
round me. I was as much a stranger in it, in my
thoughts, as I was in the Brazils, when I first went
on shore there; and as much alone, except as to the
assistance of servants, as I was in my island. I knew
neither what to think nor what to do. I saw the
world busy around me; one part labouring for bread,
another part squandering in vile excesses or empt.

pleasures, equally miserable, because the end they
proposed still fled from them; for the men of plea-
sure every day surfeited of their vice, and heaped
up work for sorrow and repentance; and the men of
labour spent their strength in daily struggling for
bread to maintain the vital strength they laboured
with: so living in a daily circulation of sorrow, liv-
ing but to work, and working but to live, as if daily
bread were the only end of wearisome life, and a
wearisome life the only occasion of daily bread.
This put me in mind of the life I lived in my
kingdom, the island; where I suffered no more corn
to grow, because I did not want it: and bred no
more goats, because I had no more use for them;
where the money lay in the drawer till it grew
mouldy, and had scarce the favour to be looked
upon in twenty years.
All these things, had I improved them as I ought
to have done, and as reason and religion had dic-
tated to me, would have taught me to search farther
than human enjoyments for a full felicity; and that
there was something which certainly was the reason
and end of life, superior to all these things, and
which was either to be possessed, or at least hoped
for, on this side the grave.
But my sage counsellor was gone; I was like a
ship without a pilot, that could only run afore the
wind: my thoughts ran all away again into the old
affair; my head was quite turned with the whimsies
of foreign adventures; and all the pleasant, innocent
amusements of my farm, my garden, my cattle, and
my family, which before entirely possessed me, were
nothing to me, had no relish, and were like music
to one that has no ear, or food to one that has no

taste: in a word, I resolved to leave off house-
keepin,, let my farm, and return to London; and
in a tev months after, I did so.
When I came to London, I was still as uneasy as
I was before; I had no relish for the place, no em-
ployment in it, nothing to do but to saunter about
like an idle person, of whom it may be said he is
perfectly useless in God's creation, and it is not one
arching'ss matter to the rest of his kind whether he
be dead or alive. ThiL also wa, tle thing which, of
all circumstances of life, -was the most my aversion,
who had been all my days used to an active life;
and I would often say to nivself, A state of idle-
ness is the verx dregs of life:" and indeed I thought
I was much more suitably en plowed when I was
twenty-six days making me a deal board.
It was now the beginning of the year 1693, when
my nephew, whom, as I have observed before, I had
brought up to the sea, and had made him com-
mander of a ship, was come home from a short
voyage to Bilboa, being the first lie had made. He
came to me, and told me that some merchants of
his acquaintance had been proposing to him to go
a voyage for them to the East Indies and to China,
as private traders.-" And now, uncle," says he,
" if you will go to sea with me, I will engage to land
you upon your old habitation in the island; for we
are to touch at the Brazils."
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a fu-
ture state, and of the existence of an invisible world,
than the concurrence of second causes with the ideas
of things which we form in our minds, perfectly re-
served, and not communicated to any in the world.
Mly nephew knew nothing how far my distemper

of wandering was returned upon me, and I knew
nothing of what he had in his thought to say, when
that very morning, before he came to me, I had, in
a great deal of confusion of thought, and revolving
every part of my circumstances in my mind, come
to this resolution, viz. that I would go to Lisbon,
and consult with my old sea-captain; and so, if it
was rational and practicable, I would go and see the
island again, and see what was become of my people
there. I had pleased myself with the thoughts of
peopling the place, and carrying inhabitants from
hence, getting a patent for the possession, and I
knew not what; when, in the middle of all this, in
comes my nephew, as I have said, with his project of
carrying me thither in his way to the East Indies.
I paused awhile at his words, and, looking steadily
at him, What devil," said I, sent you on this un-
lucky errand?" My nephew stared, as if he had been
frightened, at first; but perceiving that I was not
much displeased with the proposal, he recovered
himself. I hope it may not be an unlucky pro-
posal, Sir," says he; I dare say you would be
pleased to see your new colony there, where you
once reigned with more felicity than most of your
brother monarchs in the world."
In a word, the scheme hit so exactly with my
temper, that is to say, the prepossession I was under,
and of which I have said so much, that I told him,
in a few words, if he agreed with the merchants I
would go with him: but I told him I would not
promise to go any farther than my own island.
" Why, Sir," says he, you don't want to be left
there again, I hope?"-" Why," said I, can you
not take me up again on your return ?" He told me

it would not be possible to do so; that the merchants
would never allow him to come that way with a
laden ship of such value, it being a month's sail out
of his wav, and might be three or four. Besides,
Sir, if I should miscarry," said he, and not return
at all, then you would be just reduced to the con-
dition you were in before."
This w as very rational; but we both found out a
remedy for it; which w-as, to carry a framed sloop
on board the ship, which being taken in pieces, and
shipped on board the ship, might, by the help of
some carpenters, whom we agreed to carry with us,
be set up again in the island, and finished, fit to go
lo sea, in a few days.
I was not long resolving; for indeed the impor-
tunities of my nephew joined so effectually with my
inclination, that nothing could oppose me; on the
other hand, my wife being dead, I had nobody con-
cerned themselves so much for me as to persuade me
to one way or the other, except my ancient good
friend the widow, who earnestly struggled with me
to consider my years, my easy circumstances, and
the needless hazards of a long voyage; and, above
all, my young children. But it was all to no pur-
pose ;-I had an irresistible desire to the voyage;
and I told her I thought there was something so
uncommon in the impressions I had upon my mind
for the voyage, that it would be a kind of resisting
Providence if I should attempt to stay at home: after
which she ceased her expostulations, and joined with
me, not only in making provision for my voyage,
but also in settling my family affairs for my absence,
and providing for the education of my children.
In order to this, I made my will, and settled the

estate I had in such a manner for my children, and
placed in such hands, that I was perfectly easy and
satisfied they would have justice done them, what-
ever might befall me: and for their education, I left
it wholly to the widow, with a sufficient maintenance
to herself for her care: all which she richly deserved,
for no mother could have taken more care in their
education, or understood it better: and as she lived
till I came home, I also lived to thank her for it.
My nephew was ready to sail about the beginning
of January, 1694-5; and I, with my man Friday,
went on board in the Downs the 8th: having, be-
sides that sloop which I mentioned above, a very
considerable cargo of all kinds of necessary things
for my colony; which, if I did not find in good
condition, I resolved to leave so.
First, I carried with me some servants, whom I
purposed to place there as inhabitants, or at least to
set on work there, upon my account, while I staid,
and either to leave them there, or carry them for-
ward, as they would appear willing; particularly, I
carried two carpenters, a smith, and a very handy
ingenious fellow, who was a cooper by trade, and
was also a general mechanic; for he was dexterous
at making wheels, and hand-mills to grind corn, was
a good turner, and a good pot maker; he also made
any thing that was proper to make of earth, or of
wood; in a word, we called him our Jack of all
trades. With these I carried a tailor, who had
offered himself to go a passenger to the East Indies
with my nephew, but afterwards consented to stay
on our new plantation; and proved a most neces-
sary, handy fellow, as could be desired, in many

other businesses besides that of his trade: for, as T
observed formerly, Necessity arms us for all em-
Mv cargo, as near as I can recollect, for I have
not kept account of the particulars, consisted of a
sufficient quantity of linen, and some English thin
stuffs, for clothing the Spaniards that I expected to
find there; and enough of them, as, by my calcula-
tion, might comfortably supply them for seven years:
if 1 remember right, the materials I carried for
clothing them, with gloves, hats, shoes, stockings,
and all such things as they could want for wearing,
amounted to above two hundred pounds, including
some beds, bedding, and household stuff, particu-
larly kitchen-utensils, with pots, kettles, pewter,
brass, &c. and near a hundred pounds more in iron-
work, nails, tools of every kind, staples, hooks,
hinges, and every necessary thing I could think of.
I carried also a hundred spare arms, muskets, and
fusees; besides some pistols, a considerable quantity
of shot of all sizes, three or four tons of lead, and
two pieces of brass cannon; and because I knew not
what time and what extremities I was providing
for, I carried a hundred barrels of powder, besides
swords, cutlasses, and the iron part of some pikes
and halberts: so that, in short, we had a large
magazine of all sorts of stores: and I made my
nephew carry two small quarter-deck guns more
than he wanted for his ship, to leave behind if there
was occasion; that, when we came there, we might
build a fort, and man it against all sorts of enemies:
and, indeed, I at first thought there would be need
enough for all, and much more, if we hoped to main-

tain our possession of the island; as shall be seen
in the course of that story.
I had not such bad luck in this voyage as I had
been used to meet with; and therefore shall have
the less occasion to interrupt the reader, who per-
haps may be impatient to hear how matters went
with my colony: yet some odd accidents, cross
winds, and bad weather, happened on this first set-
ting out, which made the voyage longer than I ex-
pected it at first: and I, who had never made but
one voyage, viz. my first voyage to Guinea, in which
I might be said to come back again as the voyage
was at first designed, began to think the same ill
fate attended me; and that I was born to be never
contented with being on shore, and yet to be always
unfortunate at sea.
Contrary winds first put us to the northward,
and we were obliged to put in at Galway, in Ireland,
where we lay windbound two and twenty days; but
we had this satisfaction with the disaster, that pro-
visions were here exceeding cheap, and in the ut-
most plenty; so that while we lay here, we never
touched the ship's stores, but rather added to them.
Here, also, I took in several live hogs, and two
cows, with their calves; which I resolved, if I had
a good passage, to put on shore in my island; but
we found occasion to dispose otherwise of them.
We set out on the 5th of February from Ireland,
and had a very fair gale of wind for some days.
As I remember, it might be about the 20th of Fe-
bruary, in the evening late, when the mate, having
the watch, came into the round-house, and told us
he saw a flash of fire, and heard a gun fired; and

while he was telling us of it, a boy came in, and
told us the boatswain heard another. This made
us all run out upon the quarter-deck, where, for a
while, we heard nothing; but in a few minutes we
saw a very great light, and found that there was
some very terrible fire at a distance: immediately
we had recourse to our reckonings, in which we all
agreed, that there could be no land that way in
which the fire showed itself, no, not for five hun-
dred leagues, for it appeared at W.N.W. Upon
this we concluded it must be some ship on fire at
sea; and as, by our hearing the noise of guns just
before, we concluded that it could not be far off,
we stood directly towards it, and were presently
satisfied we should discover it, because, the farther
we sailed, the greater the light appeared; though,
the weather being hazy, we could not perceive any
thing but the light for a while. In about half an
hour's sailing, the wind being fair for us, though
not much of it, and the weather clearing up a little,
we could plainly discern that it was a great ship on
fire, in the middle of the sea.
I was most sensibly touched with this disaster,
though not at all acquainted with the persons en-
gaged in it: I presently recollected my former cir-
cumnstances, and in what condition I was in, when
taken up by the Portuguese captain ; and how much
more deplorable the circumstances of the poor
creatures belonging to that ship must be, if they
had no other ship in company with them. Upon
this, I immediately ordered that five guns should
be fired, one soon after another; that, if possible,
we might give notice to them that there was help

for them at hand, and that they might endeavour to
save themselves in their boat; for though we could
see the flames of the ship, yet they, it being night,
could see nothing of us.

We lay by some time upon this, only driving as
the burning ship drove, waiting for daylight; when,
on a sudden, to our great terror, though we had
reason to expect it, the ship blew up in the air; and
immediately, that is to say, in a few minutes, all
the fire was out, that is to say, the rest of the ship
sunk. This was a terrible and indeed an afflicting
sight, for the sake of the poor men; who, I con-
cluded, must be either all destroyed in the ship, or
be in the utmost distress in their boat, in the middle
of the ocean; which, at present, by reason it was
dark, I could not see. However, to direct them as
well as I could, I caused lights to be hung out in
all the parts of the ship wherg we could, and which

we had lanthorns for, and kept firing guns all the
night long; letting them know, by this, that there
was a ship not far off.
About eight o'clock in the morning, we discovered
the ship's boats by the help of our perspective-
glasses; found there were two of them, both thronged
with people, and deep in the water. We perceived
they rowed, the wind being against them; that
they saw our ship, and did their utmost to make us
see them.
We immediately spread our ancient, to let them
know we saw them, and hung a waft out, as a sig-
nal for them to come on board; and then made
more sail, standing directly to them. In little more
than half an hour, we came up with them; and, in
a word, took them all in, being no less than sixty-
four men, women, and children; for there were a
great many passengers.
Upon the whole, we found it was a French mer-
chant ship of three hundred tons, home-bound from
Quebec, in the river of Canada. The master ga e
us a long account of the distress of his ship; how
the fire began in the steerage, by the negligence of
the steersman; but on his crying out for help, was,
as every body thought, entirely put out; but the?
soon found that some sparks of the first fire had
gotten into some part of the ship so difficult to
come at, that they could not effectually quench it;
and afterwards getting in between the timbers, and
within the ceiling of the ship, it proceeded into the
hold, and mastered all the skill and all the applica-
tion thev were able to exert.
Tiey had no more to do then but to get into

their boats, which, to their great comfort, were
pretty large; being their long-boat, and a great
slhalop, besides a small skiff, which was of no great
service to them, other than to get some fresh water
-nd provisions into her, after they had secured their
lives from the fire. They had, indeed, small hope
of their lives by getting into these boats, at that
distance from any land; only, as they said well,
that they were escaped from the fire, and a possi-
bility that some ship might happen to be at sea, and
might take them in. They had sails, oars, and a
compass; and were preparing to make the best of
their way back to Newfoundland, the wind blowing
pretty fair, for it blew an easy gale at S.E. by E.
They had as much provision and water, as, with
sparing it so as to be next door to starving, might
support them about twelve days; in which, if they
had no bad weather, and no contrary winds, the
captain said he hoped he might get to the Banks of
Newfoundland, and might perhaps take some fish,
to sustain them till they might go on shore. But
there were so many chances against them in all
these cases, such as storms, to overset and founder
them; rains and cold, to benumb and perish their
limbs; contrary winds, to keep them out and starve
them; that it must have been next to miraculous if
they had escaped.
In the midst of their consternation, every one
being hopeless and ready to despair, the captain,
with tears in his eyes, told me they were on a sud-
den surprised with the joy of hearing a gun fire,
and after that four more; these were the five guns
which I caused to be fired at first seeing the light.

This revived their hearts, and gave them the notice,
which, as above, I desired it should, viz. that there
was a ship at hand for their help. It was upon the
hearing of these guns, that they took down their
masts and sails: the sound coming from the wind-
ward, they resolved to lie by till morning. Somc
time after this, hearing no more guns, they fired
three muskets, one a considerable while after an-
other; but these, the wind being contrary, we never
Some time after that again, they were still more
agreeably surprised with seeing our lights, and
hearing the guns which, as I have said, I caused to
be fired all the rest of the night: this set them to
work with their oars, to keep their boats ahead, at
least, that we might the sooner come up with them;
and, at last, to their inexpressible joy, they found
we saw them.
It is impossible for me to express the several
gestures, the strange ecstasies, the variety of pos-
tures, which these poor delivered people ran into,
to express the joy of their souls at so unexpected a
deliverance. Grief and fear are easily described;
sighs, tears, groans, and a very few motions of the
head and hands, make up the sum of its variety;
but an excess of joy, a surprise of joy, has a thou-
sand extravagances in it: there were some in tears;
some raging and tearing themselves, as if they had
been in the greatest agonies of sorrow; some stark
raving, and downright lunatic; some ran about the
ship stamping with their feet, others wringing their
hands; some were dancing, some singing, some
laughing, more crying; many quite dumb, not able

to speak a word; others sick and vomiting; several
swooning, and ready to faint; and a few were cross-
ing themselves, and giving God thanks.
I would not wrong them neither; there might be
many that were thankful afterwards, but the passion
was too strong for them at first, and they were not
able to master it: they were thrown into ecstasies
and a kind of phrensy; and it was but a very few
that were composed and serious in their joy.
Perhaps, also, the case may have some addition
to it from the particular circumstance of that nation
they belonged to; I mean the French, whose temper
is allowed to be more volatile, more passionate, and
more sprightly, and their spirits more fluid, than in
other nations. I am not philosopher enough to
determine the cause; but nothing I had ever seen
before came up to it. The ecstasies poor Friday,
my trusty savage, was in, when he found his father
in the boat, came the nearest to it; and the surprise
of the master and his two companions, whom I de-
livered from the villains that set them on shore in
the island, came a little way towards it; but nothing
was to compare to this, either that I saw in Friday,
or any where else in my life.
It is further observable, that these extravagances
did not show themselves, in that different manner I
have mentioned, in different persons only; but all
the variety would appear, in a short succession of
moments, in one and the same person. A man that
we saw this minute dumb, and as it were stupid and
confounded, would the next minute be dancing and
hallooing like an antic; and the next moment be
tearing his hair, or pulling his clothes to pieces, and

stamping them under his feet, like- a madman; in a
few moments after that, we would have him all in
tears, then sick, swooning, and, had not immediate
help been had, he would in a few moments have
been dead; and thus it was, not with one or two, or
ten or twenty, but with the greatest part of them:
and, if I remember right, our surgeon was obliged
to let blood of about thirty of them.
There ere two priests among them, one an old
man, and the other a young man; and that which
was strangest was, the oldest man was the worst.
As soon as lie set his foot on board our ship, and
saw himself safe, he diopt down stone-dead to all
appearance ; not the least sign of life could be per-
ce,'-ed in him: our surgeon immediately applied
propel remedies to recover him, and was the only
man in the ship that believed he was not dead. At
lengtlh he opened a vein in his arm, having first
cl'fed and rubbed the part, so as to warm it as
Inich as possible: upon this the blood, which only
dropped at first, flowing freely, in three minutes
after the man opened his eyes; and a quarter of
an hour after that he spoke, grew better, and in a
little time quite well. After the blood was stopped,
he walked about; told us he was perfectly well;
took a dram of cordial which the surgeon gave him,
and was what we call come to himself. About a
quarter of an hour after this, they came running
into the cabin to the surgeon, who was bleeding a
French woman that had fainted, and told him the
priest was gone stark mad. It seems he had begun
to revolve the change of his circumstances in his
mind, and again this put him into an ecstasy of

iyv; his spirits whirled about faster than the vessels
could convey them, the blood grew hot and feverish,
;nd the man was as fit for Bedlam as any creature
that ever was in it: the surgeon would not bleed
him again in that condition, but gave him something
to doze and put him to sleep, which, after some
time, operated upon him, and he awoke next morn-
int perfectly composed and well.
The younger priest behaved with great command
of his passions, and was really an example of a se-
rious, well-governed mind: at his first coming on
board the ship, he threw himself flat on his face,
prostrating himself in thankfulness for his deliver-
ance, in which I unhappily and unseasonably dis-
turbed him, really thinking lie had been in a swoon;
but he spoke calmly, thanked me, told me he was
giving God thanks for his deliverance; begged me
to leave him a few moments, and that, next to his
Maker, he would give me thanks also.
I was heartily sorry that I disturbed him, and not
only left him, but kept others from interrupting him
also. He continued in that posture about three
minutes, or little more, after I left him; then came
to me, as he had said he would, and, with a great
deal of seriousness and affection, but with tears in
his eyes, thanked me, that had, under God, given
him, and so many miserable creatures, their lives.
I told him I had no room to move him to thank
God for it, rather than me, for I had seen that he
had done that already; but, I added, that it was
nothing but what reason and humanity dictated to
all men, and that we had as much reason as he to
give thanks to God, who had blessed us so far, as

to make us the instruments of his mercy to so many
of his creatures.
After this, the young priest applied himself to
his country folks; laboured to compose them ; per-
suaded, entreated, argued, reasoned with them, and
did his utmost to keep them within the exercise of
their reason; and with some he had success, though
others were for a time out of all government of
I cannot help committing this to writing, as per-
haps it may be useful to those into whose hands it
may fall, for the guiding themselves in all the ex-
travagances of their passions; for if an excess of
joy can carry men out to such a length beyond the
reach of their reason, what will not the extrava-
gances of anger, rage, and a provoked mind, carry
us to? And, indeed, here I saw reason for keeping
an exceeding watch over our passions of every kind,
;s well those of joy and satisfaction, as those of
sorrow and anger.
We were something disordered, by these extrava-
gances among our new guests, for the first day; but
\when they had been retired, lodgings provided for
them as well as our ship would allow, and they had
slept heartily-as most of them did, being fatigued
and frightened-they were quite another sort of
people the next day.
Nothing of good manners, or civil acknowledg-
ments for the kindness shown them, was wanting;
the French, it is known, are naturally apt enough
to exceed that way. The captain and one of the
priests came to me the next day, and desired to
peak with me and my nephew: the commander

began to consult with us what should be done with
them; and, first, they told us that we had saved
their lives, so all they had was little enough for a
return to us for that kindness received. The cap-
tain said they had saved some money, and some
things of value, in their boats, catched hastily out
of the flames, and if we would accept it, they were
ordered to make an offer of it all to us; they only
desired to be set on shore somewhere in our way,
where, if possible, they might get a passage to
France. My nephew was for accepting their money
at first word, and to consider what to do with them
aifterwards; but I over-ruled him in that part, for I
knew what it was to be set on shore in a strange
country: and if the Portuguese captain that took
me up at sea had served me so, and took all I had
for my deliverance, I must have starved, or have
been as much a slave at the Brazils as I had been
at Barbary, the mere being sold to a Mahometan
excepted: and perhaps a Portuguese is not a much
better master than a Turk, if not, in some cases,
much worse.
I therefore told the French captain that we had
taken them up in their distress, it was true, but
that it was our duty to do so, as we were fellow-
creatures; and we would desire to be so delivered,
if we were in the like, or any other extremity; that
we had done nothing for them but what we believed
they would have done for us, if we had been in
their case, and they in ours; but that we took them
up to save them, not to plunder them; and it would
be a most barbarous thing to take that little from
them which they had saved out of the fire, and

lhen set them on shore and leave them; that thi-.
would be first to save them from death, and then
kill them ourselves; save them from drowning, and
abandon them to starving; and therefore I would
not l1t the least thing be taken from them. As to
setting them on shore, I told them, indeed, that
was an exceeding difficulty to us, for that the ship
was bound to the East Indies; and though we were
driven out of our course to the westward a very great
way, and perhaps were directed by Heaven on pur-
pose for their deliverance, vet it was impossible for
us wilfully to change our voyage on their particular
account; nor could my nephew, the captain, answer
it to the freighters, with whom he was under char-
ter-party to pursue his voyage by the way of Brazil:
and all I knew we could do for them, was to put
ourselves in the way of meeting with other ships
homeward-bound from the West Indies, and get
them a passage, if possible, to England or France.
The first part of the proposal was so generous
and kind, they could not but be very thankful for
it; but they were in a very great consternation,
especially the passengers, at the notion of being
carried away to the East Indies: they then entreated
me, that seeing I was driven so far to the westward
before I met with them, I would at least keep on
the same course to the Banks of Newfoundland,
where it was probable I might meet with some ship
or sloop that they might hire to carry them back to
Canada, from whence they came.
I thought this was but a reasonable request on
their part, and therefore I inclined to agree to it;
for, indeed, I considered, that to carry this whole

company to the East Indies, would not only be an
intolerable severity upon the poor people, but would
be ruining our whole voyage, by devouring all our
provisions; so I thought it no breach of charter-
party, but what an unforeseen accident made abso-
lutely necessary to us, and in which no one could
say we were to blame; for the laws of God and
nature would have forbid that we should refuse to
take up two boats full of people in such a distressed
condition; and the nature of the thing, as well re-
specting ourselves as the poor people, obliged us to
set them on shore somewhere oi other for their de-
liverance: so I consented that we would carry them
to Newfoundland, if wind and weather would per-
mit; and if not, that i would carry them to Martinico,
in the West Indies.
The wind continued fresh easterly, but the wea-
ther pretty good; and as the winds had continued
in the points between N.E. and S.E. a long time,
we missed several opportunities of sending them to
France; for we met several ships bound to Europe,
whereof two were French, from St. Christopher's;
Iut they had been so long beating up against the
wind, that they durst take in no passengers, for
fear of wanting provisions for the voyage, as well
for themselves as for those they should take in; so
we were obliged to go on. It was about a week
after this that we made the Banks of Newfoundland;
where, to shorten my story, we put all our French
people on board a bark, which they hired at sea
there, to put them on shore, and afterwards to carry
them to France, if they could get provisions to vic-
tual themselves with. When I say all the French

went on shore, I should remember, that the young
priest I spoke of, hearing we were bound to tinh
East Indies, desired to go the voyage with us, and
to be set on shore on the coast of Coromandel;
which I readily agreed to, for I wonderfully liked
the man, and had very good reason, as will appear
afterwards; also four of the seamen entered them-
selves on our ship, and proved very useful fellows.
From hence we directed our course for the West
Indies, steering away S. and S. by E. for about
twenty days together, sometimes little or no ind at
all; when we met with another subject for our hu-
manity to work upon, almost as deplorable as that
It was in the latitude of 27 degrees 5 minutes
north, on the 19th day of March, 1694-5, when we
spied a sail, our course S.E. and by S.: we soon
perceived it was a large vessel, and that she bore up
to us, but could not at first know what to make of
her, till, after coming a little nearer, we found she
had lost her main-topmast, foremast, and bowsprit;
and presently she fired a gun, as a signal of distress:
the weather was pretty good, wind at N.N.W. a
fresh gale, and we soon came to speak with her.
We found her a ship of Bristol, bound home from
Barbadoes, but had been blown out of the road at
Barbadoes a few days before she was ready to sail,
by a terrible hurricane, while the captain and chief
mate were both gone on shore; so that, besides the
terror of the storm, they were in an indifferent case
for good artists to bring the ship home. They had
been already nine weeks at sea, and had met with
another terrible storm, after the hurricane was over,

which had blown them quite out of their knowledge
to the westward, and in which they lost their masts,
as above. They told us they expected to have seen
the Bahama islands, but were then driven away
again to the south-east, by a strong gale of wind at
N.N.W. the same that blew now: and having no
sails to work the ship with but a main-course, and
a kind of square sail upon a jury-foremast, which
they had set up, they could not lie near the wind,
but were endeavouring to stand away for the Ca-
But that which was worst of all was, that they
were almost starved for want of provisions, besides
lhe fatigues they had undergone: their bread and
flesh were quite gone; they had not one ounce left
in the ship, and had none for eleven days. The
only relief they had was, their water was not all
spent, and they had about half a barrel of flour left;
they bad sugar enough; some succades, or sweet-
meats, they had at first, but they were devoured;
and they had seven casks of rum.
There were a youth and his mother, and a maid-
servant, on board, who were going passengers, and
thinking the ship was ready to sail, unhappily came
on board the evening before the hurricane began;
and having no provisions of their own left, they
were in a more deplorable condition than the rest:
for the seamen, being reduced to such an extreme
necessity themselves, had no compassion, we may
be sure, for the poor passengers; and they were,
indeed, in a condition that their misery is very hard
to describe.
I had perhaps not known this part, if my curiosity

had not led me (the weather being fair, and the
wind abated) to go on board the ship. The second
mate, who, upon this occasion, commanded the
ship, had been on board our ship, and lie told me,
indeed, they had three passengers in the great cabin,
that were in a deplorable condition: Nay," says
he, I believe they are dead, for I have heard no-
thing of them for above two days; and I was afraid
to inquire after them," said he, for I had nothing
to relieve them with."
We immediately applied ourselves to give them
what relief we could spare; and, indeed, I had so
far over-ruled things with my nephew, that I would
have victualled them, though we had gone away to
Virginia, or any other part of the coast of America,
to have supplied ourselves; but there was no neces-
sity for that.
But now they were in a new danger; for they
were afraid of eating too much, even of that little
we gave them. The mate or commander brought
six men with him in his boat; but these poor
wretches looked like skeletons, and were so weak,
that they could hardly sit to their oars. The mate
himself was very ill, and half starved; for he de-
clared he had reserved nothing from the men, and
went share and share alike with them in every bit
they ate.
I cautioned him to eat sparingly, but set meat
before him immediately; and he had not eaten three
mouthfuls before he began to be sick, and out of
order; so he stopped awhile, and our surgeon mixed
him up something with some broth, which he said
would be to him both food and physic; and after

he had taken it, he grew better. In the mean time
I forgot not the men; I ordered victuals to be given
them; and the poor creatures rather devoured than
ate it: they were so exceeding hungry, that they
were in a kind ravenous, and had no command of
themselves; and two of them ate with so much
greediness, that they were in danger of their lives
the next morning.
The sight of these people's distress was very mov-
ing to me, and brought to mind what I had a ter-
rible prospect of at my first coming on shore in my
island, where I had never the least mouthful of food,
or any prospect of procuring any; besides the hourly
apprehensions I had of being made the food of other
creatures. But all the while the mate was thus re-
lating to me the miserable condition of the ship's
company, I could not put out of my thought the
story he had told me of the three poor creatures in
the great cabin, viz. the mother, her son, and the
maid-servant, whom he had heard nothing of for
two or three days, and whom, he seemed to confess,
they had wholly neglected, their own extremities
being so great: by which I understood, that they
had really given them no food at all, and that there-
fore they must be perished, and be all lying dead,
perhaps, on the floor or deck of the cabin.
As I therefore kept the mate, whom we then called
captain, on board with his men, to refresh them, so
I also forgot not the starving crew that were left
on board; but ordered my own boat to go on board
the ship, and, with my mate and twelve men, to
carry them a sack of bread, and four or five pieces
of beef to boil. Our surgeon charged the men to

cause the meat to be boiled while they staid, and
to keep guard in the cook-room, to prevent the men
taking it to eat raw, or taking it out of the pot be-
fore it was well boiled, and then to give every man
but a very little at a time: and by this caution lie
preserved the men, who would otherwise have killed
themselves with that very food that was given them
on purpose to save their lives.
At the same time, I ordered the mate to go into
the great cabin, and see what condition the poor
passengers were in; and if they were alive, to com-
fort them, and give them what refreshment was
proper: and the surgeon gave him a large pitcher,
with some of the prepared broth which lie had given
the mate that was on board, and which he did not
question would restore them gradually.
I was not satisfied with this; but, as I said above,
having a great mind to see the scene of misery which
I knew the ship itself would present me with, in a
more lively manner than I could have it by report,
I took the captain of the ship, as we now called
him, with me, and went myself, a little after, in
their boat.
I found the poor men on board almost in a tumult,
to get the victuals out of the boiler before it was
ready; but my mate observed his orders, and kept
a good guard at the cook-room door; and the man
lie placed there, after using all possible persuasion
to have patience, kept them off by force: however,
he caused some biscuit-cakes to be dipped in the
pot, and softened with the liquor of the meat, which
they called brewis, and gave them every one some,
to stay their stomachs, and told them it was for

their own safety that he was obliged to give them
but little at a time. But it was all in vain; and had
I not come on board, and their own commander and
officers with me, and with good words, and some
threats also of giving them no more, I believe they
would have broken into the cook-room by force, and
torn the meat out of the furnace; for words are in-
deed of very small force to a hungry belly: however,
we pacified them, and fed them gradually and cau-
tiously for the first, and the next time gave them
more, and at last filled their bellies, and the men
did well enough.
But the misery of the poor passengers in the cabin
was of another nature, and far beyond the rest; for
as, first, the ship's company had so little for them-
selves, it was but too true that they had at first kept
them very low, and at last totally neglected them;
so that for six or seven days it might be said they
had really no food at all, and for several days before
very little. The poor mother, who, as the men re-
ported, was a woman of sense and good breeding,
had spared all she could so affectionately for her
son, that at last she entirely sunk under it; and when
the mate of our ship went in, she sat upon the floor
or deck, with her back up against the sides, between
two chairs, which were lashed fast, and her head
sunk between her shoulders, like a corpse, though
not quite dead. My mate said all he could to re-
vive and encourage her, and with a spoon put some
broth into her mouth. She opened her lips, and
lifted up one hand, but could not speak; yet she
understood what he said, and made signs to him, in-
timating that it was too late for her, but pointed to

her child, as if she would have said they should take
care of him. However, the mate, who was exceed-
ingly moved with the sight, endeavoured to get some
of the broth into her mouth, and, as he said, got
two or three spoonfuls down; though I question
whether he could be sure of it or not: but it was
too late, and she died the same night.
The youth, Mwho was preserved at the price of his
most afft i'loniate mother's life, was not so far gone;
\et he lav in a cabin-bed, as one stretched out, with
hIrdiv any life left in him. Hv had a piece of an
(,'d1 love in his month, having eaten up the rest of
it: howe, er, being young, and having more strength
than his- mother, thl mate got something down his
throat, and he began sensibly to revive; though b,
giving him, some time after, but two or three
spoonfuls extraordinary, le was very sick, and
brought it up again.
But the next care was the poor maid: she lay all
along upon the deck, hard by her mistress, and just
like one that had fallen down with an apoplexy,
and struggled for life. Her limbs were distorted;
one of her hands was clasped round the frame of a
chair, and she griped it so hard, that we could not
easily make her let it go: her other arm lay over her
head, and her feet lay both together, set fast against
the frame of the cabin-table: in short, she lay just
like one in the agonies of death, and yet she was
alive too.
The poor creature was not only starved with
hunger, and terrified with the thoughts of death,
but, as the men told us afterwards, was broken-
hearted for her mistress, whom she saw dying for

two or three days before, and whom she loved most
We knew not what to do with this poor girl; for
when our surgeon, who was a man of very gieat
knowledge and experience, had, with great applica-
tion, recovered her as to life, he had her upon his
hands as to her senses; for she was little less ti'an
distracted for a considerable time after, as shall ap-
pear presently.
Whoever shall read these memorandums must be
desired to consider, that visits at sea are not like a
journey into the country, where sometimes people
stay a week or a fortnight at a place: our business
was to relieve this distressed ship's crew, hut not lie
by for them; and though they were willing to steer
the same course with us for some days, yet we could
carry no sail, to keep pace with a ship that hi d no
masts: however, as their captain begged of us to
help him to set up a main-topmast, and a kind of
a topmast to his jury-foremast, we did, as it were,
lie by him for three or four days; and then having
given him five barrels of beef, a barrel of pork,
two hogsheads of biscuit, and a proportion of peas,
flour, and what other things we could spare; and
taking three casks of sugar, some rum, and some
pieces-of-eight from them for satisfaction, we left
them; taking on board with us, at their own ear-
nest request, the youth and the maid, and all their
The young lad was about seventeen years of age;
a pretty, well-bred, modest, and sensible youth,
greatly dejected with the loss of his mother, and,
as it seems, had lost his father but a few months

before, at Barbadoes: he begged of the surgeon to
speak to me to take him out of the ship; for lie
said the cruel fellows had murdered his mother:
and, indeed, so they had, that is to say, passively;
for they might have spared a small sustenance to the
poor helpless widow, that might have preserved her
life, though it had been but just enough to keep
her alive: but hunger knows no friend, no relation,
no justice, no right; and therefore is remorseless,
and capable of no compassion.
The surgeon told him how far we were going, and
that it would carry him away from all his friends,
and put him perhaps in as bad circumstances almost
as those we found him in, that is to say, starving in
the world. He said it mattered not whither he
went, if he was but delivered from the terrible crew
that he was among; that the captain (by which he
meant me, for he could know nothing of my nephew)
had saved his life, and he was sure would not hurt
him; and as for the maid, he was sure, if she came
to herself, she would be very thankful for it, let us
carry them where we would. The surgeon repre-
sented the case so affectionately to me, that I
yielded, and we took them both on board, with all
their goods, except eleven hogsheads of sugar, which
could not be removed or come at; and as the youth
had a bill of lading for them, I made his com-
mander sign a writing, obliging himself to go, as soon
as he came to Bristol, to one Mr. Rogers, a mer-
chant there, to whom the youth said he was related,
and to deliver a letter which I wrote to him, and
all the goods he had belonging to the deceased wi-
low; which I suppose was not done, for I could

never learn that the ship came to Bristol, but was,
as is most probable, lost at sea; being in so disabled
a condition, and so far from any land, that I am of
opinion the first storm she met with afterwards
she might founder in the sea; for she was leaky,
and had damage in her hold, when we met with
I was now in the latitude of 19 degrees 32 mi-
nutes, and had hitherto a tolerable voyage as to
weather, though, at first, the winds had been con-
trary. I shall trouble nobody with the little inci-
dents of wind, weather, currents, &c. on the rest of
our voyage; but, to shorten my story, for the sake
of what is to follow, shall observe, that I came to
my old habitation, the island, on the 10th of April,
1695. It was with no small difficulty that I found
the place; for as I came to it, and went from it,
before, on the south and east side of the island, as
coming from the Brazils, so now, coming in between
the main and the island, and having no chart for the
coast, nor any landmark, I did not know it when I
saw it, or know whether I saw it or not.
We beat about a great while, and went on shore
on several islands in the mouth of the great river
Oronooque, but none for my purpose; only this I
learned by my coasting the shore, that I was under
one great mistake before, viz. that the continent
which I thought I saw from the island I lived in, was
really no continent, but a long island, or rather a
ridge of islands, reaching from one to the other side
of the extended mouth of that great river; and that
the savages who came to my island were not properly
those which we call Caribbees, but islanders, and

other barbarians of the same kind, who inhabited
something nearer to our side than the rest.
In shot, I visited several of these islands to no
purpose; some I found were inhabited, and some
were not: on one of them I found some Spaniards,
and thought they had lived there; but speaking with
them, found they had a sloop lay in a small creek
hard by, and came thither to make salt and to catch
some pearl muscles, if they could; but that they
belonged to the Isle de Trinidad, which lay farther
north, in the latitude of 10 and 11 degrees.
Thus coasting from one island to another, some-
times with the ship, sometimes with the Frenchmen's
shallop, which we had found a convenient boat,
and therefore kept her with their very good will, at
length I came fair on the south side of my island,
and presently knew the very countenance of the
place: so I brought the ship safe to an anchor,
broadside with the little creek where my old habi-
tation was.
As soon as I saw the place, I called for Friday,
and asked him if he knew where he was; he looked
about a little, and presently clapping his hands,
cried, 0 yes, 0 there, 0 yes, 0 there!" pointing
to our old habitation, and fell dancing and capering
like a mad fellow; and I had much ado to keep him
from jumping into the sea, to swim ashore to the
Well, Friday," says I, do you think we shall
find any body here or no? and do you think we shall
see your father?" The fellow stood mute as a stock
a good while, but when I named his father, the poor
affectionate creature looked dejected, and I could

see the tears run down his face very plentifully.
What is the matter, Friday I" says I; are you
troubled because you may see your father?"-" No,
no," says he, shaking his head, no see him more:
no, never more see him again."-" Why so," said I,
Friday? how do you know that?"-" 0 no, O
no," says Friday; he long ago die, long ago; he
much old man."-" Well, well," says I, Friday,
you don't know; but shallwe see any one else thenI?"
The fellow, it seems, had better eyes than I, and he
points to the hill just above my old house; and
though we lay half a league off, he cries out, We
see, we see, yes, yes, we see much man there, and
there, and there." I looked, but I saw nobody, no,
not with a perspective-glass, which was, I suppose,
because I could not hit the place; for the fellow
was right, as I found upon inquiry the next day;
and there were five or six men all together, who
stood to look at the ship, not knowing what to think
of us.
As soon as Friday told me he saw people, I caused
the English ancient to be spread, and fired three
guns, to give them notice we were friends; and in
about half a quarter of an hour after, we perceived
a smoke arise from the side of the creek; so I im-
mediately ordered the boat out, taking Friday with
me; and hanging out a white flag, or a flag of truce,
I went directly on shore, taking with me the young
friar I mentioned, to whom I had told the story of
my living there, and the manner of it, and every
particular both of myself and those I left there; and
who was, on that account, extremely desirous to go
with me. We had besides about sixteen men well

armed, if we had found any new guests there which
we did not know of; but we had no need of weapons.
As we went on shore upon the tide of flood, near
high water, we rowed directly into the creek; and
the first man I fixed my eye upon was the Spaniard
whose life I had saved, and whom I knew by his face
perfectly well: as to his habit, I shall describe it
afterwards. I ordered nobody to go on shore at
first but myself; but there was no keeping Friday in
the boat, for the affectionate creature had spied his
father at a distance, a good way off the Spaniards,
where indeed I saw nothing of him; and if they had
not let him go ashore, he would have jumped into
the sea. He was no sooner on shore, but he flew
away to his father, like an arrow out of a bow. It
would have made any man shed tears, in spite of the
firmest resolution, to have seen the first transports
of this poor fellow's joy when he came to his father:
how he embraced him, kissed him, stroked his face,
took him up in his arms, set him down upon a tree,
and lay down by him; then stood and looked at him,
as any one would look at a strange picture, for a
quarter of an hour together; then lay down on the
ground, and stroked his legs, and kissed them, and
then got up again, and stared at him; one would
have thought the fellow bewitched. But it would
have made a dog laugh the next day to see how his
passion ran out another way; in the morning he
walked along the shore, to and again, with his father
several hours, always leading him by the hand, as if
he had been a lady; and every now and then he
would come to the boat to fetch something or other
for him, either a lump of sugar, a dram, a biscuit-

cake, or something or other that was good. In the
afternoon his frolics ran another way; for then he
would set the old man down upon the ground and
dance about him, and make a thousand antic pos-
tures and gestures; and all the while he did this,
he would be talking to him, and telling him one
story or other of his travels, and of what had hap-
pened to him abroad, to divert him. In short, if
the same filial affection was to be found in Chris-
tians to their parents in our part of the world, one
would be tempted to say, there would hardly have
been any need of the fifth commandment.
But this is a digression: I return to my landing.
It would be needless to take notice of all the cere-
monies and civilities that the Spaniards received me
with. The first Spaniard, who, as I said, I knew
very well, was he whose life I had saved; he came
towards the boat, attended by one more, carrying a
flag of truce also; and he not only did not know me
at first, but he had no thoughts, no notion of its
being me that was come, till I spoke to him.
" Seignior," said I, in Portuguese, do you not
know me?" At which he spoke not a word, but
giving his musket to the man that was with him,
threw his arms abroad, saying something in Spanish
that I did not perfectly hear, came forward and
embraced me; telling me he was inexcusable not to
know that face again, that he had once seen as if
an angel from heaven sent to save his life: he said
abundance of very handsome things, as a well-bred
Spaniard always knows how; and then beckoning to
the person that attended him, bade him go and call
out his comrades. He then asked me if I would

walk to my old habitation, where he would give me
possession of my own house again, and where I
should see they had made but mean improvements:
so I walked along with him; but, alas! I could no
more find the place again than if I had never been
there; for they had planted so many trees, and
placed them in such a posture, so thick and close to
one another, and in ten years' time they were grown
so big, that, in short, the place was inaccessible,
except by such findings and blind ways as they
themselves only, who made them, could find.
I asked them what put them upon all these fortifi-
cations: he told me I would say there was need
enough of it, when thev had given me an account
how they had passed their time since their arriving
in the island, especially after they had the misfortune
to find that I was gone. He told me he could not
but have some satisfaction in my good fortune, when
he heard that I was gone in a good ship, and to my
satisfaction; and that lie had oftentimes a strong
persuasion that, one time or other, he should see
me again; but nothing that ever befell him in his
life, he said, was so surprising and afflicting to him
at first, as the disappointment lie was under when
lie came back to the island and found I was not
As to the three barbarians (so he called them) that
were left behind, and of whom, he said, he had a
long story to tell me, the Spaniards all thought
themselves much better among the savages, only
that their number was so small: and," says he,
" had they been strong enough, we had been all
long ago in purgatory;" and with that he crossed

himself on the breast. But, Sir," says he, I
hope you will not be displeased when I shall tell
vou how, forced by necessity, we were obliged, for
ourown preservation, to disarm them, and make them
our subjects, who would not be content with being
moderately our masters, but would be our murder-
ers." I answered, I was heartily afraid of it when
I left them there, and nothing troubled me at my
parting from the island but that they were not come
back, that I might have put them in possession of
every thing first, and left the others in a state of
subjection, as they deserved; but if they had re-
duced them to it, I was very glad, and should be
very far from finding any fault with it: for I knew
they were a parcel of refractory, ungoverned vil-
lains, and were fit for any manner of mischief.
While I was thus saying this, the man came
whom he had sent back, and with him eleven men
more. In the dress they were in, it was impossible
to guess what nation they were of; but he made all
clear, both to them and to me. First he turned to
me, and pointing to them, said, These, Sir, are
some of the gentlemen who owe their lives to you;"
and then turning to them, and pointing to me, he
let them know who I was; upon which they all came
up, one by one, not as if they had been sailors and
ordinary fellows, and the like, but really as if they
had been ambassadors of noblemen, and I a monarch
or great conqueror: their behaviour was to the last
degree obliging and courteous, and yet mixed with
a manly, majestic gravity, which very well became
them; and, in short, they had so much more man-
ners than I, that I scarce knew how to receive their
civilities, much less how to return them in kind.

The history of their coming to, and conduct in,
the island, after my going away, is so very remark-
able, and has so many incidents, which the former
part of my relation will help to understand, and
which will, in most of the particulars, refer to the
account I have already given, that I cannot but com-
mit them, with great delight, to the reading of those
that come after me.
I shall no longer trouble the story with a relation
in the first person, which will put me to the expense
of ten thousand said I's, and said he's, and he told
me's, and I told him's, and the like; but I shall col-
lect the facts historically, as near as I can gather
them out of my memory, from what they related to
me, and from what I met with in my conversing
with them and with the place.
In order to do this succinctly, and as intelligibly
as I can, I must go back to the circumstances in
which I left the island, and in which the persons
were of whom I am to speak. And first, it is neces-
sary to repeat, that I had senf away Friday's father
and the Spaniard (the two whose lives I had rescued
from the savages) in a large canoe, to the main, as
I then thought it, to fetch over the Spaniard's com-
panions that he left behind him, in order to save
them from the like calamity that he had been in, and
in order to succour them for the present; and that,
if possible, we might together find some way for our
deliverance afterwards.
When I sent them away, I had no visible appear-
ance of, or the least room to hope for, my own de-
liverance, any more than I had twenty years before,
much less had I any foreknowledge of what after-
v, yards happened. I mean, of an English ship coming

on shore there to fetch me off; and it could not but
be a very great surprise to them, when they came
back, not only to find that I was gone, but to find
three strangers left on the spot, possessed of all
that I had left behind me, which would otherwise
have been their own.
The first thing, however, which I inquired into,
that I might begin where I left off, was of their
own part; and I desired he would give me a parti-
cular account of his voyage back to his countrymen
with the boat, when I sent him to fetch them over.
He told me there was little variety in that part, for
nothing remarkable happened to them on the way,
having had very calm weather, and a smooth sea.
As for his countrymen, it could not be doubted, he
said, but that they were overjoyed to see him (it
seems he was the principal man among them, the
captain of the vessel they had been shipwrecked in
having been dead some time;) they were, he said,
the more surprised to see him, because they knew
that he was fallen into the hands of the savages,
who, they were satisfied, would devour him, as they
did all the rest of their prisoners; that when he told
them the story of his deliverance, and in what man-
ner he was furnished for carrying them away, it
was like a dream to them, and their astonishment,
he said, was somewhat like that of Joseph's bre-
thren, when he told them who he was, and told
them the story of his exaltation in Pharaoh's court;
but when he showed them the arms, the powder,
the ball, and provisions, that he brought them for
their journey or voyage, they were restored to them-
selves, took a just share of the joy of their deliver-

ance, and immediately prepared to come away with
Their first business was to get canoes: and in this
they were obliged not to stick so much upon the
honest part of it, but to trespass upon their friendly
savages, and to borrow two large canoes, or peria-
guas, on pretence of going out a fishing, or for
pleasure. In these they came away the next morn-
ing. It seems they wanted no time to get them-
selves ready; for they had no baggage, neither
clothes nor provisions, nor any thing in the world
but what they had on them, and a few roots to eat,
of which they used to make their bread.
They were in all three weeks absent; and in that
time, unluckily for them, I had the occasion offered
for my escape, as I mentioned in my other part, and
to get off from the island, leaving three of the most
impudent, hardened, ungoverned, disagreeable vi:
lains behind me, that any man could desire to meet
with; to the poor Spaniards' great grief and disap-
pointment, you may be sure.
The only just thing the rogues did was, that when
the Spaniards came ashore, they gave my letter to
them, and gave them provisions, and other relief,
as I had ordered them to do; also they gave them
the long paper of directions which I had left with
them, containing the particular methods which I
took for managing every part of my life there; the
way how I baked my bread, bred up tame goats,
and planted my corn; how I cured my grapes, made
my pots, and, in a word, every thing I did; all this
being written down, they gave to the Spaniards (two
of them understood English well enough:) nor did

they refuse to accommodate the Spaniards with any
thing else, for they agreed very well for some time.
They gave them an equal admission into the house,
or cave, and they began to live very sociably; and
the head Spaniard, who had seen pretty much of
my methods, and Friday's father together, managed
all their affairs: but as for the Englishmen, they
did nothing but ramble about the island, shoot par-
rots, and catch tortoises; and when they came home
at night, the Spaniards provided their suppers for
The Spaniards would have been satisfied with
this, had the others but let them alone; which, how-
ever, they could not find in their hearts to do long,
but, like the dog in the manger, they would not eat
themselves, neither would they let the others eat.
The differences, nevertheless, were at first but tri-
"al, and such as are not worth relating, but at last
it broke out into open war: and it began with all the
rudeness and insolence that can be imagined, with-
out reason, without provocation, contrary to nature,
and, indeed, to common sense: and though, it is
true, the first relation of it came from the Spaniards
themselves, whom I may call the accusers, yet when
I came to examine the fellows, they could not deny
a word of it.
But before I come to the particulars of this part,
I must supply a defect in my former relation; and
this was, I forgot to set down, among the rest, that
just as we were weighing the anchor to set sail,
there happened a little quarrel on board of our ship,
which I was once afraid would have turned to a se-
cond mutiny; nor was it appeased till the captain,

rousing up his courage, and taking us all to his
assistance, parted them by force, and making two of
the most refractory fellows prisoners, he laid them
in irons; and as they had been active in the former
disorders, and let fall some ugly, dangerous words,
the second time he threatened to carry them in
irons to England, and have them hanged there for
mutiny, and running away with the ship. This, it
seems, though the captain did not intend to do it,
frightened some other men in the ship; and some of
them had put it into the heads of the rest that the
captain only gave them good words for the present,
till they should come to some English port, and that
then they should be all put into gaol, and tried for
their lives. The mate got intelligence of this, and
acquainted us with it; upon which it was desired
that I, who still passed for a great man among them,
should go down with the mate, and satisfy the me,
and tell them that they might be assured, if they
behaved well the rest of the voyage, all they had
done for the time past should be pardoned. So I
went, and after passing my honour's word to them,
they appeared easy, and the more so when I caused
the two men that were in irons to be released and
But this mutiny had brought us to an anchor for
that night; the wind also falling calm next morn-
ing, we found that our two men who had been laid
in irons had stole each of them a musket, and some
other weapons (what powder or shot they had we
knew not,) and had taken the ship's pinnace, which
was not yet haled up, and run away with her to
their companions in roguery on shore. As soon as

we found this, I ordered the long-boat on shore,
,i ith twelve men and the mate, and away they went
to seek the rogues; but they could neither find them
or any of the rest, for they all fled into the woods
when they saw the boat coming on shore. The
mate was once resolved, in justice to their roguery,
to have destroyed their plantations, burned all their
household stuff and furniture, and left them to shift
without it; but having no orders, he let it all alone,
left every thing as he found it, and bringing the
pinnace away, came on board without them. These
two men made their number five; but the other
three villains were so much more wicked than they,
that after they had been two or three days together,
they turned the two new-comers out of doors to
shift for themselves, and would have nothing to do
with them; nor could they, for a good while, be
persuaded to give them any food: as for the Spa-
niards, they were not yet come.
When the Spaniards came first on shore, the bu-
siness began to go forward: the Spaniards would
have persuaded the three English brutes to have
taken in their two countrymen again, that, as they
said, they might be all one family; but they would
not hear of it: so the two poor fellows lived by
themselves; and finding nothing but industry and
application would make them live comfortably, they
pitched their tents on the north shore of the island,
but a little more to the west, to be out of danger of
the savages, who always landed on the east parts of
the island.
Here they built them two huts, one to lodge in,
and the other to lay up their magazines and stores

in; and the Spaniards having given them some corn
for seed, and especially some of the peas which I
had left them, they dug, planted, and enclosed,
after the pattern I had set for them all, and began
to live pretty well. Their first crop of corn was
on the ground; and though it was but a little bit of
land which they had dug up at first, having had
but a little time, yet it was enough to relieve them,
and find them with bread and other eatables; and
one of the fellows being the cook's-mate of the
ship, was very ready at making soup, puddings, and
such other preparations as the rice and the milk,
and such little flesh as they got, furnished him to
They were going on in this little thriving posture,
when the three unnatural rogues, their own coun-
trvmen too, in mere humour, and to insult them,
came and bullied them, and told them the island
was theirs; that the governor, meaning me, had
given them the possession of it, and nobody else
had any right to it; and that they should build no
houses upon their ground, unless they would pay
rent for them.
The two men, thinking they were jesting at first,
asked them to come in and sit down, and see what
fine houses they were that they had built, and to
tell them what rent they demanded; and one of
them merrily said, if they were the ground land-
lords, he hoped, if they built tenements upon their
land, and made improvements, they would, accord-
ing to the custom of landlords, grant a long lease:
and desired they would get a scrivener to draw the
writings. One of the three, cursing and raging,

told them they should see they were not in jest;
and going to a little place at a distance, where the
honest men had made a fire to dress their victuals,
he takes a firebrand, and claps it to the outside of
their hut, and very fairly set it on fire; and it would
have been all burnt down in a few minutes, if one
of the two had not run to the fellow, thrust him
away, and trod the fire out with his feet, and that
not without some difficulty too.
The fellow was in such a rage at the honest man's
thrusting him away, that he returned upon him,
with a pole be had in his hand, and had not the man
avoided the blow very nimbly, and run into the hut,
he had ended his days at once. His comrade, seeing
the danger they were both in, ran in after him, and
immediately they came both out with their muskets,
and the man that was first struck at with the pole,
knocked the fellow down that had begun the quar-
rel with the stock of his musket, and that before
the other two could come to help him; and then
seeing the rest come at them, they stood together,
and presenting the other ends of their pieces to
them, bade them stand off.
The others had fire-arms with them too; but one
of the two honest men, bolder than his comrade,
and made desperate by his danger, told them, if
they offered to move hand or foot they were dead
men, and boldly commanded them to lay down their
arms. They did not, indeed, lay down their arms,
but seeing him so resolute, it brought them to a
parley, and they consented to take their wounded
man with them and be gone; and, indeed, it seems
the fellow was wounded sufficiently with the blow.

However, they were much in the wrong, since they
had the advantage, that they did not disarm them
effectually, as they might have done, and have gone
immediately to the Spaniards, and given them an
account how the rogues had treated them; for the
three villains studied nothing but revenge, and every
day gave them some intimation that they did so.
But not to crowd this part with an account of the
lesser part of the rogueries, such as treading down
their corn; shooting three young kids and a she-
goat, which the poor men had got to breed up tame
for their store ; and, in a word, plaguing them night
and day in this manner; it forced the two men to
such a desperation, that they resolved to fight them
all three, the first time they had a fair opportunity.
In order to this, they resolved to go to the castle,
as they called it (that was, my old dwelling,) where
the three rogues and the Spaniards all lived together
at that time, intending to have a fair battle, and
the Spaniards should stand by, to see fair play: so
they got up in the morning before day, and came to
the place, and called the Englishmen by their names,
telling a Spaniard that answered that they wanted
to speak with them.
It happened that the day before, two of the Spa-
niards, having been in the woods, had seen one of
the two Englishmen, whom, for distinction, I called
the honest men, and he had made a sad complaint
to the Spaniards of the barbarous usage they had
met with from their three countrymen, and how
they had ruined their plantation, and destroyed
their corn that they had laboured so hard to bring
forward, and killed the milch-goat and their three

kids, which was all they had provided for their sus-
tenance; and that if he and his friends, meaning
the Spaniards, did not assist them again, they should
be starved. When the Spaniards came home at
night, and they were all at supper, one of them
took the freedom to reprove the three Englishmen,
though in very gentle and mannerly terms, and
asked them how they could be so cruel, they being
harmless, inoffensive fellows; that they were putting
themselves in a way to subsist by their labour, and
that it had cost them a great deal of pains to bring
things to such perfection as they were then in.
One of the Englishmen returned very briskly,
What had they to do there? that they came on
shore without leave; and that they should not
plant or build upon the island; it was none
of their ground."-" Why," says the Spaniard,
very calmly, Seignior Inglese, they must not
starve." The Englishman replied, like a rough-
hewn tarpauling, They might starve and be
d- d; they should not plant nor build in that
place."-" But what must they do then, Seignior?"
said the Spaniard. Another of the brutes returned,
Do ? d-n them, they should be servants, and
work for them."-" But how can you expect that of
them?" says the Spaniard? they are not bought
with your money: you have no right to make them
servants." The Englishman answered, The island
was theirs; the governor had given it to them, and
no man had any thing to do there but themselves;"
and with that swore by his Maker that they would
go and burn all their new huts; they should build
none upon their land. Why, Seignior," says the

Spaniard, by the same rule, we must be your
servants too."-" Ay," says the bold dog, and so
you shall too, before we have done with you;"
mixing two or three G--d d-n me's in the proper
intervals of his speech. The Spaniard only smiled
at that, and made him no answer. However, this
little discourse had heated them; and, starting up,
one says to the other, I think it was he they called
Will Atkins, Come, Jack, let's go, and have
t'other brush with 'em; we'll demolish their castle,
I'll warrant you; they shall plant no colony in our
Upon this they went all trooping away, with every
man a gun, a pistol, and a sword, and muttered
some insolent things among themselves, of what
Ihey would do to the Spaniards too, when opportu-
nity offered; but the Spaniards, it seems, did not
so perfectly understand them as to know all the
particulars, only that, in general, they threatened
them hard for taking the two Englishmen's part.
Whither they went, or how they bestowed their
time that evening, the Spaniards said they did not
know; but it seems they wandered about the coun-
try part of the night, and then lying down in the
place which I used to call my bower, they were
weary, and overslept themselves. The case was this;
they had resolved to stay till midnight, and so to
take the two poor men when they were asleep, and,
as they acknowledged afterwards, intended to set
fire to their huts while they were in them, and either
burn them there, or murder them as they came out;
as malice seldom sleeps very sound, it was very
strange they should not have been kept awake.

However, as the two men had also a design upon
them, as I have said, though a much fairer one than
that of burning and murdering, it happened, and
very luckily for them all, that they were up, and
gone abroad, before the bloody-minded rogues came
to their huts.
When they came there, and found the men gone,
Atkins, who, it seems, was the forwardest man,
called out to his comrade, Ha, Jack, here's the
nest, but, d- n them, the birds are flown." They
mused awhile, to think what should be the occasion
of their being gone abroad so soon, and suggested
presently that the Spaniards had given them notice
of it: and with that they shook hands, and swore
to one another that they would be revenged of the
Spaniards. As soon as they had made this bloody
bargain, they fell to work with the poor men's ha-
bitation; they did not set fire, indeed, to any thing,
but they pulled down both their houses, and pulled
them so limb from limb, that they left not the least
stick standing, or scarce any sign on the ground
where they stood: they tore all their little collected
household stuff in pieces, and threw every thing
about in such a manner, that the poor men after-
wards found some of their things a mile off their
habitation. When they had done this, they pulled
up all the young trees which the poor men had
planted; pulled up an enclosure they had made to
secure their cattle and their corn; and, in a word,
sacked and plundered every thing as completely as
a horde of Tartars would have done.
The two men were, at this juncture, gone to find
them out, and had resolved to fight them wherever

they had been, though they were but two to three;
so that, had they met, there certainly would have
been bloodshed among them; for they were all very
stout, resolute fellows, to give them their due.
But Providence took more care to keep them
asunder than they themselves could do to meet;
for, as if they had dogged one another, when the
three were gone thither, the two were here; and
afterwards, when the two went back to find them,
the three were come to the old habitation again:
we shall see their different conduct presently. When
the three came back like furious creatures, flushed
with the rage which the work they had been about
had put them into, they came up to the Spaniards,
and told them what they had done, by way of scoff
and bravado; and one of them stepping up to one
of the Spaniards, as if they had been a couple of
boys at play, takes hold of his hat as it was upon
his head, and giving it a twirl about, fleering in his
face, says to him, And you, Seignior Jack Spani-
ard, shall have the same sauce, if you do not mend
your manners." The Spaniard, who, though a quiet
civil man, was as brave a man as could be, and
withal a strong, well-made man, looked at him for
a good while, and then, having no weapon in his
hand, stepped gravely up to him, and with one blow
of his fist knocked him down, as an ox is felled
with a pole-axe; at which one of the rogues, as in-
solent as the first, fired his pistol at the Spaniard
immediately: he missed his body, indeed, for the
bullets went through his hair, but one of them
touched the tip of his ear, and he bled pretty much.
The blood made the Spaniard believe he was more

hurt than he really was, and that put him into some
heat, for before he acted all in a perfect calm; but
now resolving to go through with his work, he
stooped, and took the fellow's musket whom he had
knocked down, and was just going to shoot the man
who had fired at him, when the rest of the Spa-
niards, being in the cave, came out, and calling to
him not to shoot, they stepped in, secured the other
two, and took their arms from them.
When they were thus disarmed, and found they
had made all the Spaniards their enemies, as well as
their own countrymen, they began to cool, and,
giving the Spaniards better words, would have their
arms again; but the Spaniards, considering the feud
that was between them and the other two English-
men, and that it would be the best method they
could take to keep them from killing one another,
told them they would do them no harm, and if they
would live peaceably, they would be very willing to
assist and associate with them as they did before;
but that they could not think of giving them their
arms again, while they appeared so resolved to do
mischief with them to their own countrymen, and
had even threatened them all to make them their
The rogues were now no more capable to hear
reason than to act with reason; but being refused
their arms, they went raving away, and raging like
madmen, threatening what they would do, though
they had no fire-arms. But the Spaniards, despising
their threatening, told them they should take care
how they offered any injury to their plantation or
cattle, for if they did, they would shoot them as

they would ravenous beasts, wherever they found
them; and if they fell into their hands alive, they
should certainly be hanged. However, this was far
from cooling them, but away they went, raging and
swearing like furies of hell. As soon as they were
gone the two men came back, in passion and rage
enough also, though of another kind; for having
been at their plantation, and finding it all demolished
and destroyed, as above, it will easily be supposed
they had provocation enough. They could scarce
have room to tell their tale, the Spaniards were so
eager to tell them theirs; and it was strange enough
to find that three men should thus bully nineteen,
and receive no punishment at all.
The Spaniards, indeed, despised them, and espe-
cially, having thus disarmed them, made light of
their threatening; but the two Englishmen resolved
to have their remedy against them, what pains soever
it cost to find them out. But the Spaniards inter-
posed here too, and told them, that as they had
disarmed them, they could not consent that they
(the two) should pursue them with fire-arms, and
perhaps kill them. But," said the grave Spaniard,
who was their governor, we will endeavour to make
them do you justice, if you will leave it to us: for
there is no doubt but they will come to us again,
when their passion is over, being not able to subsist
without our assistance: we promise you to make no
peace with them, without having a full satisfaction
for you; and upon this condition we hope you will
promise to use no violence with them, other than in
your own defence." The two Englishmen yielded to
this very awkwardly, and with great reluctance; but

the Spaniards protested, that they did it only to
keep them from bloodshed, and to make all easy at
last. For," said they, we are not so many of us;
here is room enough for us all, and it is a great pity
we should not be all good friends." At length they
did consent, and waited for the issue of the thing,
living for some days with the Spaniards; for their
own habitation was destroyed.
In about five days' time the three vagrants, tired
with wandering, and almost starved with hunger,
having chiefly lived on turtles' eggs all that while,
came back to the grove; and finding my Spaniard,
who, as I have said, was the governor, and two more
with him walking by the side of the creek, they
came up in a very submissive, humble manner, and
begged to be received again into the family. The
Spaniards used them civilly, but told them they had
acted so unnaturally by their countrymen, and so
very grossly by them (the Spaniards,) that they could
not come to any conclusion without consulting the
two Englishmen and the rest; but, however, they
would go to them, and discourse about it, and they
should know in half an hour. It may be guessed
that they were very hard put to it: for, it seems, as
they were to wait this half hour for an answer, they
begged they would send them out some bread in
the mean time, which they did; sending, at the
same time, a large piece of goat's flesh, and a boiled
parrot, which they ate very heartily, for they were
hungry enough.
After half an hour's consultation, they were called
in, and a long debate ensued; their two country-
men charging them with the ruin of all their labour,

and a design to murder them; all which they owned
before, and therefore could not deny now. Upon
the whole, the Spaniards acted the moderators be-
tween them; and as they had obliged the two
Englishmen not to hurt the three while they were
naked and unarmed, so they now obliged the three
to go and rebuild their fellows' two huts, one to be
of the same, and the other of larger dimensions,
than they were before; to fence their ground again
where they had pulled up their fences, plant trees
ill the room of those pulled up, dig up the land
again for planting corn where they had spoiled it,
and, in a word, to restore every thing in the same
state as they found it, as near as they could; for
entirely it could not be, the season for the corn, and
the growth of the trees and hedges, not being pos-
sible to be recovered.
Well, they submitted to all this; and as they had
plenty of provisions given them all the while, they
grew very orderly, and the whole society began to
live pleasantly and agreeably together again; only,
that these three fellows could never be persuaded to
work, I mean for themselves, except now and then
a little, just as they pleased: however, the Spa-
niards told them plainly, that if they would but live
sociably and friendly together, and study the good
of the whole plantation, they would be content to
work for them, and let them walk about and be as
idle as they pleased: and thus having lived pretty
well together for a month or two, the Spaniards
gave them arms again, and gave them liberty to go
abroad with them as before.
It was not above a week after they had these

arms, and went abroad, but the ungrateful creatures
began to be as insolent and troublesome as before:
but, however, an accident happened presently upon
this, which endangered the safety of them all; and
they were obliged to lay by all private resentments,
and look to the preservation of their lives.
It happened one night that the Spanish governor,
as I call him, that is to say, the Spaniard whose life
I had saved, who was now the captain, or leader, or
governor of the rest, found himself very uneasy in
the night, and could by no means get any sleep: he
was perfectly well in body, as he told me the story,
only found his thoughts tumultuous; his mind ran
upon men fighting and killing of one another, but
he was broad awake, and could not by any means
get any sleep; in short, he lay a great while; but
growing more and more uneasy, he resolved to rise.
As they lay, being so many of them, upon goat-
skins laid thick upon such couches and pads as they
made for themselves, and not in hammocks and
ship-beds, as I did, who was but one, so they had
little to do, when they were willing to rise, but to
get up upon their feet, and perhaps put on a coat,
such as it was, and their pumps, and they were
ready for going any way that their thoughts guided
them. Being thus got up, he looked out; but, be-
ing dark, he could see little or nothing; and, be-
sides, the trees which I had planted, as in my former
account is described, and which were now grown
tall, intercepted his sight, so that he could only look
up, and see that it was a clear star-light night, and
hearing no noise, he returned and laid him down
again: but it was all one; he could not sleep, nor

could he compose himself to any thing like rest;
but his thoughts were to the last degree uneasy,
and he knew not for what.
Having made some noise with rising and walking
about, going out and coming in, another of them
waked, and calling, asked who it was that was up.
The governor told him how it had been with him.
" Say you so!" says the other Spaniard; such
things are not to be slighted, I assure you; there is
certainly some mischief working near us:" and pre-
sently he asked him, Where are the Englishmen?"
-" They are all in their huts," says he, safe
enough." It seems the Spaniards had kept posses-
sion of the main apartment, and had made a place
for the three Englishmen, who, since their last mu-
tiny, were always quartered by themselves, and
could not come at the rest. Well," says the Spa-
niard, there is something in it, I am persuaded,
from my own experience. I am satisfied our spirits
embodied have a converse with, and receive intelli-
gence from, the spirits unembodied, and inhabiting
the invisible world; and this friendly notice is given
for our advantage, if we knew how to make use of
it. Come," says he, let us go and look abroad;
and if we find nothing at all in it to justify the
trouble, I'll tell you a story to the purpose, that
shall convince you of the justice of my proposing
In a word, they went out, to go up to the top of
the hill, where I used to go; but they being strong,
and a good company, not alone, as I was, used none
of my cautions, to go up by the ladder, and pulling
it up after them, to go up a second stage to the top,

but were going round through the grove, uncon-
cerned and unwary, when they were surprised with
seeing a light as of fire, a very little way off from
them, and hearing the voices of men, not of one
or two, but of a great number.
In all the discoveries I had made of the savages
landing on the island, it was my constant care to
prevent them making the least discovery of there
being any inhabitant upon the place; and when by
any occasion they came to know it, they felt it so
effectually, that they that got away were scarce able
to give any account of it; for we disappeared as
*oon as possible; nor did ever any that had seen me
escape to tell any one else, except it was the three
lvages in our last encounter, who jumped into the
boat; of whom, I mentioned, I was afraid they
should go home and bring more help. Whether it
was the consequence of the escape of those men
that so great a number came now together, or whe-
liter they came ignorantly, and by accident, on their
usual bloody errand, the Spaniards could not, it
- ems, understand; but, whatever it was, it had
been their business either to have concealed them-
selves, or not to have seen them at all, much less
to have let the savages have seen that there were
any inhabitants in the place; or to have fallen upon
them so effectually, as that not a man of them
should have escaped, which could only have been
by getting in between them and their boats: but
this presence of mind was wanting to them, which
was the ruin of their tranquillity for a great while.
We need not doubt, but that the governor and
the man with him, surprised with this sight, ran

back immediately, and raised their fellows, giving
them an account of the imminent danger they were
all in, and they again as readily took the alarm;
but it was impossible to persuade them to stay close
within, where they were, but they must all run out
to see how things stood.
While it was dark, indeed, they were well enough,
and they had opportunity enough, for some hours,
to view them by the light of three fires they had
made at a distance from one another; what they
were doing they knew not, and what to do them-
selves they knew not. For, first, the enemy were
too many; and, secondly, they did not keep toge-
ther, but were divided into several parties, and were
on shore in several places.
The Spaniards were in no small consternation at
this sight; and as they found that the fellows ran
straggling all over the shore, they made no doubt
but, first or last, some of them would chop in upon
their habitation, or upon some other place where
they would see the token of inhabitants; and they
were in great perplexity also for fear of their flock
of goats, which would have been little less than
starving them, if they should have been destroyed;
so the first thing they resolved upon was, to dispatch
three men away before it was light, two Spaniards
and one Englishman, to drive all the goats away to
the great valley where the cave was, and, if need
were, to drive them into the very cave itself. Could
they have seen the savages all together in one body,
and at a distance from their canoes, they resolved,
if there had been a hundred of them, to have at-
tacked them; but that could not be obtained; for

they were some of them two miles off from the
other; and, as it appeared afterwards, were of two
different nations.
After having mused a great while on the course
they should take, and beating their brains in consi-
dering their present circumstances, they resolved,
at last, while it was still dark, to send the old savage,
Friday's father, out as a spy, to learn, if possible,
something concerning them; as what they came for,
what they intended to do, and the like. The old
man readily undertook it; and stripping himself
quite naked, as most of the savages were, away he
went. After he had been gone an hour or two, he
brings word that he had been among them undis-
covered; that he found they were two parties, and
of two several nations, who had war with one an-
other, and had a great battle in their own country:
and that both sides having had several prisoners
taken in the fight, they were, by mere chance,
landed all on the same island, for the devouring
their prisoners and making merry, but their coming
so by chance to the same place had spoiled all their
mirth; that they were in a great rage at one an-
other, and were so near, that he believed they would
fight again as soon as daylight began to appear:
but he did not perceive that they had any notion of
any body being on the island but themselves. He
had hardly made an end of telling his story, when
they could perceive, by the unusual noise they made,
that the two little armies were engaged in a bloody
Friday's father used all the arguments he could to
persuade our people to lie close, and not be seen;
G 2

he told them their safety consisted in it, and that
they had nothing to do but lie still, and the savages
would kill one another to their hands, and then the
rest would go away; and it was so to a tittle. But
it was impossible to prevail, especially upon the
Englishmen; their curiosity was so importunate upon
their prudentials, that they must run out and see
the battle: however, they used some caution too,
viz. they did not go openly, just by their own dwell-
ing, but went farther into the woods, and placed
themselves to advantage, where they might securely
see them manage the fight, and, as they thought,
not be seen by them; but it seems the savages did
see them, as we shall find hereafter.
The battle was very fierce; and, if I might be-
lieve the Englishmen, one of them said he could
perceive that some of them were men of great bra-
very, of invincible spirits, and of great policy in
guiding the fight. The battle, they said, held two
hours before they could guess which party would
be beaten; but then that party which was nearest
our people's habitation began to appear weakest,
and, after some time more, some of them began to
fly; and this put our men again into a great con-
sternation, lest any one of those that fled should
run into the grove before their dwelling for shelter,
and thereby involuntarily discover the place; and
that, by consequence, the pursuers would do the
like in search of them. Upon this they resolved
that they would stand armed within the wall, and
whoever came into the grove, they resolved to sally
out over the wall and kill them: so that, if possible,
not one should return to give an account of it:

they ordered also that it should be done with their
swords, or by knocking them down with the stocks
of their muskets, but not by shooting them, for
fear of raising an alarm by the noise.
As they expected, it fell out: three of the routed
army fled for life, and crossing the creek, ran di-
rectly into the place, not in the least knowing whi-
ther they went, but running as into a thick wood
for shelter. The scout they kept to look abroad
gave notice of this within, with this addition, to our
men's great satisfaction, viz. that the conquerors
had not pursued them, or seen which way they were
gone; upon this, the Spaniard governor, a man of
humanity, would not suffer them to kill the three
fugitives, but sending three men out by the top of
the hill, ordered them to go round, come in be hind
them, and surprise and take them prisoners, which
was done. The residue of the conquered people
fled to their canoes, and got off to sea; the victors
retired, made no pursuit, or very little, but draw-
ing themselves into a body together, gave two great
screaming shouts, which they supposed was by way
of triumph, and so the fight ended: and the same
day, about three o'clock in the afternoon, they also
marched to their canoes. And thus the Spaniards
had their island again free to themselves, their
fright was over, and they saw no savages in several
years after.
After they were all gone, the Spaniards came out
of their den, and viewing the field of battle, they
found about two and thirty men dead on the spot:
some were killed with great long arrows, some of
which were found sticking in their bodies; but most

of them were killed with great wooden swords, six-
teen or seventeen of which they found in the field
of battle, and as many bows, with a great many ar-
rows. These swords were strange, great, unwieldy
things, and they must be very strong men that used
them: most of those men that were killed with
them had their heads mashed to pieces, as we may
say, or, as we call it in English, their brains knocked
out, and several their arms and legs broken; so
that it is evident they fight with inexpressible rage
and firy. We found not one man that was not
stone dead, for either they stay by their enemy till
they have quite killed him, or they carry all the
wounded men that are not quite dead away with
This deliverance tamed our Englishmen for a great
while; the sight had filled them with horror, and
the consequences appeared terrible to the last de-
gree, especially upon supposing that some time or
other they should fall into the hands of those crea-
tures, who would not only kill them as enemies, but
kill them for food, as we kill our cattle; and they
professed to me, that the thoughts of being eaten
up like beef or mutton, though it was supposed it
was not to be till they were dead, had something in
it so horrible, that it nauseated their very stomachs,
made them sick when they thought of it, and filled
their minds with such unusual terror, that they were
not themselves for some weeks after. This, as I
said, tamed even the three English brutes I have
been speaking of, and, for a great while after, they
were tractable, and went about the common business
of the whole society well enough; planted, sowed,

reaped, and began to be all naturalized to the coun-
try. But some time after this, they fell into such
simple measures again, as brought them into a great
deal of trouble.
They had taken three prisoners, as I observed;
and these three being lusty, stout young fellows,
they made them servants, and taught them to work
tfr them; and, as slaves, they did well enough; but
they did not take their measures with them as I did
by my man Friday, viz. to begin with them upon
the principle of having saved their lives, and then
instruct them in the rational principles of life; much
less of religion, civilizing, and reducing them by
kind usage and affectionate arguilgs; but as they
aave them their food every day, so they gave them
their work too, and kept them fully employed in
drudgery enough; but they failed in this by it, that
they never had them to assist them, and fight for
them, as I had my man Friday, who was as true to
ime as the very flesh upon my bones.
But to come to the family part. Being all now
good friends, for common danger, as I said above,
had effectually reconciled them, they began to consi-
der their general circumstances; and the first thing
that came under their consideration was, whether,
seeing the savages particularly haunted that side of
the island, and that there were more remote and
retired parts of it equally adapted to their way of
living, and manifestly to their advantage, they should
not rather move their habitation, and plant in some
more proper place for their safety, and especially
for the security of their cattle and corn.
Upon this, after long debate, it was concluded

that they would not remove their habitation; be-
cause that, some time or other, they thought they
might hear from their governor again, meaning me;
and if I should send any one to seek them, I should
be sure to direct them to that side; where, if they
should find the place demolished, they would con-
clude the savages had killed us all, and we were
gone; and so our supply would go too. But as to
their corn and cattle, they agreed to remove them
into the valley where my cave was, where the land
was as proper for both, and where, indeed, there
was land enough: however, upon second thoughts,
they altered one part of their resolution too, and
resolved only to remove part of their cattle thither,
and plant part of their corn there; and so if one
part was destroyed, the other might be saved. And
one part of prudence they used, which it was very
well they did, viz. that they never trusted those
three savages, which they had prisoners, with know-
ing any tiing of the plantation they had made in
that valley, or of any cattle they had there, much
less of the cave there, which they kept, in case of
necessity, as a safe retreat; and thither they carried
also the two barrels of powder which I had sent
them at my coming away. But, however, they re-
solved not to change their habitation; yet they
agreed, that as I had carefully covered it first with
a wall or fortification, and then with a grove of
trees, so seeing their safety consisted entirely in
their being concealed, of which they were now fully
convinced, they set to work to cover and conceal
the place yet more effectually than before. For
this purpose, as I planted trees, or rather thrust in

-takes, which in time all grew up to be trees, for
some good distance before the entrance into my
apartments, they went on in the same manner, and
filled up the rest of that whole space of ground,
from the trees I had set, quite down to the side of
the creek, where, as I said, I landed my floats, and
even into the very ooze where the tide flowed, not
so much as leaving any place to land, or any sign
that there had been any landing thereabouts; these
stakes also being of a wood very forward to grow,
as I have noted formerly, they took care to have
them generally much larger and taller than those
which I had planted; and as they grew apace, so
they planted them so very thick and close together,
that when they had been three or four years grown,
there was no piercing with the eye any considerable
way into the plantation: and, as for that part which
I had planted, the trees were grown as thick as a
man's thigh, and among them they placed so many
other short ones, and so thick, that, in a word, it
stood like a pallisado a quarter of a mile thick, and
it was next to impossible to penetrate it, but with a
little army to cut it all down; for a little dog could
hardly get between the trees, they stood so close.
But this was not all; for they did the same by all
the ground to the right hand and to the left, and
round even to the top of the hill, leaving ,no way,
not so much as for themselves to come out, but by
the ladder placed up to the side of the hill, and
then lifted up, and placed again from the first stage
up to the top; and when the ladder was taken down,
nothing but what had wings, or witchcraft to assist
it, could come at them. This was excellently well

contrived; nor was it less than what they afterwards
found occasion for; which served to convince me,
that as human prudence has the authority of Provi-
dence to ustify it, so it has doubtless the direction
of Providence to set it to work; and if we listened
carefully to the voice of it, I am persuaded we might
prevent many of the disasters which our lives are
now, by our own negligence, subjected to: but this
by the way.
I return to the story.-They lived two years after
this -n perfect retirement, and had no more visits
from the savages. They had indeed an alarm given
them one morning, which put them into a great
consternation; for some of the Spaniards being out
early one morning on the west side, or rather end
of the island, (which was that end where I never
went, for fear of being discovered,) they were sur-
prised with seeing above twenty canoes of Indians
just coming on shore. They made the best of their
way home, in hurry enough; and giving the alarm
to their comrades, they kept close all that day and
the next, going out only at night to make their ob-
servation: but they had the good luck to be mis-
taken; for wherever the savages went, they did not
land that time on the island, but pursued some other
And now they had another broil with the three
Englishmen; one of whom, a most turbulent fellow,
being in a rage at one of the three slaves, which I
mentioned they had taken, because the fellow had
not done something right which he bid him do, and
seemed a little untractable in his showing him, drew
a hatchet out of a frog-belt, in which he wore it by

his side, and fell upon the poor savage, not to cor-
rect him, but to kill him. One of the Spaniards,
who was by, seeing him give the fellow a barbarous
cut with the hatchet, which he aimed at his head,
but struck into his shoulder, so that he thought he
had cut the poor creature's arm off, ran to him, and
entreating him not to murder the poor man, placed
himself between him and the savage, to prevent the
mischief. The fellow being enraged the more at
this, struck at the Spaniard with his hatchet, and
swore he would serve him as he intended to serve
the savage; which the Spaniard perceiving, avoided
the blow, and with a shovel which he had in his
hand (for they were all working in the field about
their corn-land,) knocked the brute down. Another
of the Englishmen running at the same time to help
his comrade, knocked the Spaniard down; and then
two Spaniards more came in to help their man, and
a third Englishman fell in upon them. They had
none of them any fire-arms, or any other weapons
but hatchets and other tools, except this third Eng-
lishman; he had one of my rusty cutlasses, with
which he made at the two last Spaniards, and
wounded them both. This fray set the whole family
in an uproar, and more help coming in, they took
the three Englishmen prisoners. The next question
was, what should be done with them? They had
been so often mutinous, and were so very furious,
so desperate, and so idle withal, they knew not
what course to take with them, for they were mis-
chievous to the highest degree, and valued not what
hurt they did to any man; so that, in short, it was
not safe to live with them.

The Spaniard who was governor told them, in so
many words, that if they had been of his own coun-
try, he would have hanged them; for all laws and
all governors were to preserve society, and those
who were dangerous to the society ought to be ex-
pelled out of it; but as they were Englishmen, and
that it was to the generous kindness of an English-
man that they all owed their preservation and deli-
verance, he would use them with all possible lenity,
and would leave them to the judgment of the other
two Englishmen, who were their countrymen.
One of the two honest Englishmen stood up, and
said they desired it might not be left to them; For,"
says he, I am sure we ought to sentence them to
the gallows:" and with that he gives an account
how Will Atkins, one of the three, had proposed to
have all the five Englishmen join together, and mur-
der all the Spaniards when they were in their sleep.
When the Spanish governor heard this, he calls
to Will Atkins, How, Seignior Atkins, would you
murder us all? What have you to say to that?" The
hardened villain was so far from denying it, that he
said it was true: and, G-d d-n him, they would
do it still, before they had done with them. Well,
but Seignior Atkins," says the Spaniard, what
have we done to you, that you will kill us? And
what would you get by killing us? And what must
we do to prevent your killing us ? Must we kill you,
or you kill us? Why will you put us to the necessity
of this, Seignior Atkins?" says the Spaniard very
calmly, and smiling. Seignior Atkins was in such a
rage at the Spaniard's making a jest of it, that, had
he not been held by three men, and withal had no

weapon near him, it was thought he would have at-
ie:mpted to have killed the Spaniard in the middle of
all the company. This hair-brain carriage obliged
them to consider seriously what was to be done: the
two Englishmen, and the Spaniard who saved the
poor savage, were of the opinion that they should
hang one of the three, for an example to the rest;
and that particularly it should be he that had twice
attempted to commit murder with his hatchet; and,
indeed, there was some reason to believe he had
done it, for the poor savage was in such a miserable
condition with the wound he had received, that it
was thought he could not live. But the governor
Spaniard still said no; it was an Englishman that
had saved all their lives, and he would never consent
to put an Englishman to death, though he had mur-
dered half of them; nay, he said, if he had been
killed himself by an Englishmian, and had time left
to speak, it should be that they should pardon him.
This was so positively insisted on by the governor
Spaniard, that there was no gainsaying it; and as
merciful counsels are most apt to prevail,' where
they are so earnestly pressed, so they all came into
it; but then it was to be considered what should be
done to keep them from doing the mischief they de-
signed; for all agreed, governor and all, that means
were to be used for preserving the society from dan-
ger. After a long debate, it was agreed, first, that
they should be disarmed, and not permitted to have
either gun, powder, shot, sword, or any weapon;
and should be turned out of the society, and left
to live where they would, and how they would, by
themselves; but that none of the rest, either Spa-

niards or English, should converse with them, speak
with them, or have any thing to do with them: that
they should be forbid to come within a certain dis-
tance of the place where the rest dwelt; and if they
offered to commit any disorder, so as to spoil, burn,
kill, or destroy any of the corn, plantings, build-
ings, fences, or cattle belonging to the society, they
should die without mercy, and they would shoot
them wherever they could find them.
The governor, a man of great humanity, musing
upon the sentence, considered a little upon it; and
turning to the two honest Englishmen, said, Hold;
you must reflect that it will be long ere they can
raise corn and cattle of their own, and they must
not starve; we must therefore allow them provi-
sions." So he caused to be added, that they should
have a proportion of corn given thc'm to last them
eight months, and for seed to sow, by which time
they might be supposed to raise some of their own;
that they should have six milch-goats, four he-goats,
and six kids given them, as well for present subsist-
ence as for a store; and that thev should have tools
given them for their work in the fields, such as six
hatchets, an adze, a saw, and the like; but they
should have none of these tools or provisions, unless
they would swear solemnly that they would not hurt
or injure any of the Spaniards with them, or of
their fellow Englishmen.
Thus they dismissed them the society, and turned
them out to shift for themselves. They went away
sullen and refractory, as neither content to go away
nor w staN ; but, as there was no remedy, they went,
pretending to go and choose a place where they

would settle themselves; and some provisions were
given them, but no weapons.
About four or five days after, they came again
for some victuals, and gave the governor an account
where they had pitched their tents, and marked
themselves out a habitation and plantation; and it
was a very convenient place, indeed, on the remotest
part of the island, N.E. much about the place
where I providentially landed in my first voyage,
when I was driven out to sea, the Lord alone knows
whither, in my foolish attempt to sail round the
Here they built themselves two handsome huts,
ind contrived them in a manner like my first habi-
iation, being close under the side of a hill, having
,ome trees growing already on three sides of it, so
that by planting others, it would be very easily
covered from the sight, unless narrowly searched
for. They desired some dried goat-skins, for beds
and covering, which were given them; and upon
giving their words that they would not disturb the
rest, or injure any of their plantations, they gave
them hatchets, and what other tools they could
spare; some peas, barley, and rice, for sowing;
and, in a word, any thing they wanted, except arms
and ammunition.
They lived in this separate condition about six
months, and had got in their first harvest, though
the quantity was but small, the parcel of land they
had planted being but little; for, indeed, having all
their plantation to form, they had a great deal of
work upon their hands; and when they came to
make boards and pots, and such things, they were

quite out of their element, and could make nothing
of it: and when the rainy season came on, for want
of a cave in the earth, they could not keep their
grain dry, and it was in great danger of spoiling;
and this humbled them much: so they came and
begged the Spaniards to help then, which they very
readily did; and in four days worked a great hole
ill the side of the hill for them, big enough to se-
cure their corn and other things from the rain; but
it was but a poor place, at best, compared to mine,
and especially as mine was then, for the Spaniards
had greatly enlarged it, and made several new
apartments in it.
About three quarters of a year after this separa-
tion, a new frolic took these rogues, which, together
with the former villany they had committed, brought
mischief enough upon them, and had very near
been the ruin of the whole colony. The three
new associates began, it seems, to be weary of the
laborious life they led, and that without hope of
bettering their circumstances; and a whim took
them, that they would make a voyage to the con-
tinent, from whence the savages came, and would
try if they could seize upon some prisoners among
the natives there, and bring them home, so as to
make them do the laborious part of their work for
The project was not so preposterous, if they had
gone no farther: but they did nothing, and pro-
posed nothing, but had either mischief in the de-
sign, or mischief in the event: and, if I may give
my opinion, they seemed to be under a blast from
Heaven; for if we will not allow a visible curse to

pursue visible crimes, how shall wle reconcile the
events of things with the divine justice? It was
certainly an apparent vengeance on their crime of
mutiny and piracy that brought them to the state
they were in; and they showed not the least re-
morse for the crime, but added new villanies to it,
such as the piece of monstrous cruelty of wounding
a poor slave, because he did not, or perhaps could
not, understand to do what he directed, and to
wound him in such a manner as made him a cripple
all his life, and in a place where no surgeon or me-
dicine could be had for his cure; and what was still
worse, the murderous intent, or, to do justice to
the crime, the intentional murder, for such to be
sure it was, as was afterwards the formed design
they all laid, to murder the Spaniards in cold blood,
and in their sleep.
But I leave observing, and return to the story:-
The three fellows came down to the Spaniards one
morning, and in very humble terms desired to be
admitted to speak with them: the Spaniards very
readily heard what they had to say, which was this:
-That they were tired of living in the manner they
did; and that they were not handy enough to make
the necessaries they wanted, and that having no
help, they found they should be starved; but if the
Spaniards would give them leave to take one of the
canoes which they came over in, and give them
arms and ammunition proportioned to their defence,
they would go over to the main and seek their for-
tunes, and so deliver them from the trouble of sup-
plying them with any other provisions.
The Spaniards were glad enough to get rid of

them, but very honestly represented to them the
certain destruction they were running into; told
them they had suffered such hardships upon that
very spot, that they could, without any spirit of
prophecy, tell them they would be starved, or mur-
dered, and bade them consider of it.
The men replied audaciously, they should be
starved if they staid here, for they could not work,
and would not work, and they could but be starved
abroad; and if they were murdered, there was an
end of them; they had no wives or children to cry
after them: and, in short, insisted importunately
upon their demand ; declaring they would go, whe-
ther they would give them any arms or no.
The Spaniards told them, with great kindness,
that if they were resolved to go, they should not
go like naked men, and be in no condition to defend
themselves: and that though they could ill spare
their fire-arms, having not enough for themselves,
yet they would let them have two muskets, a pistol,
and a cutlass, and each man a hatchet, which they
thought was sufficient for them. In a word, they
accepted the offer; and having baked them bread
enough to serve them a month, and given them as
much goat's flesh as they could eat while it was
sweet, and a great basket of dried grapes, a pot of
fresh water, and a young kid alive, they boldly set
out in the canoe for a voyage over the sea, where it
was at least forty miles broad.
The boat, indeed, was a large one, and would
very well have carried fifteen or twenty men, and
therefore was rather too big for them to manage;
but as they had a fair breeze, and flood-tide with

them, they did well enough. They had made a
mast of a long pole, and a sail of four large goat-
skins dried, which they had sewed or laced toge-
ther; and away they went merrily enough: the
Spaniards called after them, Bon veyajo; and no
man ever thought of seeing them any more.
The Spaniards were often saying to one another,
and to the two honest Englishmen who remained
behind, how quietly and comfortably they lived,
now these three turbulent fellows were gone; as for
their coming again, that was the remotest thing
from their thoughts that could be imagined; when,
behold, after two and twenty days' absence, one of
the Englishmen, being abroad upon his planting
work, sees three strange men coming towards him
at a distance, with guns upon their shoulders.
Away runs the Englishman, as if he was bewitched,
comes frightened and amazed to the governor Spa-
niard, and tells him they were all undone, for there
were strangers landed upon the island, but could
not tell who. The Spaniard, pausing a while, says
to him, How do you mean, you cannot tell who?
They are the savages to be sure."-" No, no," says
the Englishman; they are men in clothes, with
arms."-" Nay then," says the Spaniard, why
are you concerned? If they are not savages, they
must be friends; for there is no Christian nation
upon earth but will do us good rather than harm."
While they were debating thus, came the three
Englishmen, and standing without the wood, which
was new planted, hallooed to them: they presently
knew their voices, and so all the wonder of that
kind ceased. But now the admiration was turned

upon another question, viz. What could be the
matter, and what made them come back again?
It was not long before they brought the men in,
and inquiring where they had been, and what they
had been doing, they gave them a fill account of
their voyage in a few words, viz. That they reached
the land in two days, or something less; but find-
ing the people alarmed at their coming, and pre-
paring with bows and arrows to fight them, they
durst not go on shore, but sailed on to the north-
ward six or seven hours, till they came to a great
opening, by which they perceived that the land they
saw from our island was not the main, but an island;
upon entering that opening of the sea, they saw an-
other island on the right hand, north, and several
more west; and being resolved to land somewhere,
they put over to one of the islands which lay west,
and went boldly on shore: that they found the peo-
ple very courteous and friendly to them; and that
they gave them several roots and some dried fish,
and appeared very sociable; and the women as well
as the men, were very forward to supply them with
any thing they could get for them to eat, and
brought it to them a great way upon their heads.
They continued here four days; and inquired, as
well as they could of them, by signs, what nations
were this way, and that way; and were told of se-
veral fierce and terrible people that lived almost
every way, who, as they made known by signs to
them, used to eat men; but as for themselves, they
said, they never eat men or women, except only
such as they took in the wars; and then, they owned,
they made a great feast, and ate their prisoners.

The Englishmen inquired when they had had a
feast of that kind; and they told them about two
moons ago, pointing to the moon, and to two fin-
gers; and that their great king had two hundred
prisoners now, which he had taken in his war, and
they were feeding them to make them fat for the
next feast. The Englishmen seemed mighty desirous
of seeing those prisoners; but the others mistaking
them, thought they were desirous to have some of
them to carry away for their own eating; so they
beckoned to them, pointing to the setting of the
sun, and then to the rising; which was to signify,
that the next morning at sun-rising they would bring
some for them; and, accordingly, the next morning
they brought down five women and eleven men, and
gave them to the Englishmen, to carry with them
on their voyage, just as we would bring so many
cows and oxen down to a sea-port town to victual a
As brutish and barbarous as these fellows were at
home, their stomachs turned at this sight, and they
did not know what to do. To refuse the prisoners
would have been the highest affront to the savage
gentry that could be offered them, and what to do
with them they knew not. However, after some
debate, they resolved to accept of them; and, in
return, they gave the savages that brought them
one of their hatchets, an old key, a knife, and six
or seven of their bullets; which, though they did
not understand their use, they seemed particularly
pleased with; and then tying the poor creatures'
hands behind them, they dragged the prisoners into
the boat for our men.
The Englishmen were obliged to come away as

soon as they had them, or else they that gave them
this noble present would certainly have expected
that they should have gone to work with them, have
killed two or three of them the next morning, and
perhaps have invited the donors to dinner. But
having taken their leave, with all the respect and
thanks that could well pass between people, where,
on either side, they understood not one word they
could say, they put off with their boat, and came
back towards the first island; where, when they
arrived, they set eight of their prisoners at liberty,
there being too many of them for their occasion.
In their voyage, they endeavoured to have some
communication with their prisoners ; but it was im-
possible to make them understand any thing; no-
thing they could say to them, or give them, or do
for them, but was looked upon as going to murder
them. They first of all unbound them; but the
poor creatures screamed at that, especially the wo-
men, as if they had just felt the knife at their
throats; for they immediately concluded they were
unbound on purpose to be killed. If they gave
them any thing to eat, it was the same thing; they
then concluded, it was for fear they should sink in
flesh, and so not be fat enough to kill. If they
looked at one of them more particularly, the party
presently concluded, it was to see whether he or she
was fattest, and fittest to kill first: nay, after tlyy
had brought them quite over, and began to-4ise
them kindly, and treat them well, still they expected
every day to make a dinner or supper for their new
When the three wanderers had given this unac-
countable history or journal of their voyage, the

Spaniard asked them where their new family was;
and being told that they had brought them on
shore, and put them into one of their huts, and
were come up to beg some victuals for them, they
(the Spaniards) and the other two Englishmen, that
is to say, the whole colony, resolved to go all down
to the place and see them; and did so, and Friday's
father with them.
When they came into the hut, there they sat all
bound; for when they had brought them on shore,
they bound their hands, that they might not take
the boat and make their escape; there, I say, they
sat, all of them stark naked. First, there were
three men, lusty, comely fellows, well-shaped,
straight and fair limbs, about thirty to thirty-five
years of age; and five women, whereof two might
be from thirty to forty; two more not above four
or five and twenty; and the fifth, a tall, comely
maiden, about sixteen or seventeen. The women
were well favoured, agreeable persons, both in
shape and features, only tawny; and two of them,
had they been perfect white, would have passed for
very handsome women, even in London itself, hav-
ing pleasant agreeable countenances, and of a very
modest behaviour: especially when they came after-
wards to be clothed and dressed, as they called it,
enough that dress was very indifferent, it must be
confessed; of which hereafter.
The sight, you may be sure, was something un-
couth to our Spaniards, who were, to give them a
just character, men of the best behaviour, of the
most calm, sedate tempers, and perfect good-hu-
mour, that ever I met with; and, in particular, of

the most modesty, as will presently appear: I say,
the sight was very uncouth, to see three naked men
and five naked women, all together bound, and in
the most miserable circumstances that human nature
could be supposed to be, viz. to be expecting every
moment to be dragged out, and have their brains
knocked out, and then to be eaten up like a calf
that is killed for a dainty.
The first thing they did was to cause the old
Indian, Friday's father, to go in, and see, first, if
he knew any of them, and then if he understood
any of their speech. As soon as the old man came
in, he looked seriously at them, but knew none of
them; neither could any of them understand a
word lie said, or a sign he could make, except one
of the women. However, this was enough to answer
the end, which was to satisfy them that the men into
whose hands they were fallen were Christians; that
they abhorred eating men or women; and that they
might be sure they would not be killed. As soon
as they were assured of this, they discovered such
a.joy, and by such awkward gestures, several ways,
as is hard to describe; for, it seems, they were of
several nations.
The woman who was their interpreter was bid, in
the next place, to ask them if they were willing to
be servants, and to work for the men who had
brought them away, to save their lives; at which
they all fell a dancing; and presently one fell to
taking up this, and another that, any thing that lay
next, to carry on their shoulders, to intimate that
they were willing to work.
The governor, who found that the having wo-

men among them would presently be attended with
some inconvenience, and might occasion some strife,
and perhaps blood, asked the three men what they
intended to do with these women, and how they in-
tended to use them, whether as servants or as wo-
men? One of the Englishmen answered very boldly
and readily, that they would use them as both; to
which the governor said, I am not going to restrain
you from it; you are your own masters as to that;
but this I think is but just, for avoiding disorders
and quarrels among you, and I desire it of you for
that reason only, viz. That you will all engage, that
if any of you take any of these women, as a woman
or wife, that he shall take but one: and that hav-
ing taken one, none else shall touch her; for though
we cannot marry any one of you, yet it is but rea-
sonable that while you stay here, the woman any of
you takes should be maintained by the man that
takes her, and should be his wife; I mean," says he,
" while he continues here, and that none else shall
have any thing to do with her." All this appeared
so just, that every one agreed to it without any
Then the Englishman asked the Spaniards if they
designed to take any of them? But every one of
them answered No:" some of them said they had
wives in Spain, and the others did not like women
that were not Christians: and all together declared
that they would not touch one of them: which was
an instance of such virtue as I have not met with in
all my travels. On the other hand, to be short, the
five Englishmen took them every one a wife, that is
to say, a temporary wife; and so they set up a new

form of living; for the Spaniards and Friday's fa-
ther lived in my old habitation, which they had
enlarged exceedingly within. The three servants
which were taken in tile late battle of the savages
lived with them; and these carried on the main part
of the colony, supplied all the rest with food, and
assisted them in any thing as they could, or as they
found necessity required.
But the wonder of this story was, how five such
refractory, ill-matched fellows, should agree about
these women, and that two of them should not pi-ch
upon the same woman, especially seeing two or
three of them were, without comparison, more agree-
able than the others: but they took a good way
enough to prevent quarrelling among themselves;
for they set the five women by themselves in one
of their huts, and they went all into the other hut,
and drew lots among them who should choose first.
He that drew to choose first went away by him-
self to the hut where the poor naked creatures were,
and fetched out her he chose; and it was worth ob-
serving, that lie that chose first took her that was
reckoned the homeliest and oldest of the five, which
made mirth enough among the rest; and even the
Spaniards laughed at it: but the fellow considered
better than any of them, that it was application and
business they were to expect assistance in, as much
as in any thing else; and she proved the best wife
of all the parcel.
When the poor women saw themselves set in a
row thus, and fetched out one by one, the terrors of
their condition returned upon them again, and they
firmly believed they were now going to be devoured.

accordingly when the English sailor came in and
lt;tched out one of them, the rest set up a most la-
mentable cry, and hung about her, and took their
leave of her with such agonies and affection, as
would have grieved the hardest heart in the world;
nor was it possible for the Englishmen to satisfy
them that they were not to be immediately mur-
dered, till they fetched the old man, Friday's father,
who immediately let them know that tile five men,
who had fetched them out one by one, had chosen
then for their wives.
When they had done, and the fright the women
were in was a little over, the men went to work,
and the Spaniards came and helped them; and in
a few hours they had built them every one a new
hut or tent for their lodging apart; for those they
had already were crowded with their tools, house-
hold stuff, and provisions. The three wicked ones
had pitched farthest off, and the two honest ones
nearer, but both on the north shore of the island,
so that they continued separated as before; and
thus my island was peopled in three places; and, as
I might say, three towns were begun to be built.
And here it is very well worth observing, that,
as it often happens in the world, (what the wise
ends of God's providence are in such a disposition
of things I cannot say,) the two honest fellows had
the two worst wives; and the three reprobates,
that were scarce worth hanging, that were fit for
nothing, and neither seemed born to do themselves
good, nor any one else, had three clever, diligent,
careful, and ingenious wives; not that the first two
were bad wives, as to their temper or humour, for

all the five were most willing, quiet, passive, and
subjected creatures, rather like slaves than wives;
but my meaning is, they were not alike capable,
ingenious, or industrious, or alike cleanly and neat.
Another observation I must make, to the honour
of a diligent application on one hand, and to the
disgrace of a slothful, negligent, idle temper, on
the other, that when I came to the place, and
viewed the several improvements, plantings, and
management of the several little colonies, the two
men had so far outgone the three, that there was
no comparison. They had, indeed, both of them
as much ground laid out for corn as they wanted,
and the reason was, because, according to my rule,
nature dictated that it was to no purpose to sow
more corn than they wanted; but the difference of
the cultivation, of the planting, of the fences, and,
indeed, of every thing else, was easy to be seen at
first view.
The two men had innumerable young trees
planted about their huts, so that when you came to
the place, nothing was to be seen but a wood: and
though they had twice had their plantation demo-
lished, once by their own countrymen, and once
by the enemy, as shall be shown in its place, yet
they had restored all again, and every thing was
thriving and flourishing about them: they had
grapes planted in order, and managed like a vine-
yard, though they had themselves never seen any
thing of that kind; and by their good ordering
their vines, their grapes were as good again as any
of the others. They had also found themselves out
a retreat in the thickest part of the woods: where,

though there was not a natural cave, as I had found,
\et they made one with incessant labour of their
hands, and where, when the mischief which followed
happened, they secured their wives and children,
so as they could never be found; they having, by
sticking innumerable stakes and poles of the wood
which, as I said, grew so readily, made the grove
unpassable, except in some places, where they
climbed up to get over the outside part, and then
went on by ways of their own leaving.
As to the three reprobates, as Ijustly call them,
though they were much civilized by, their settlement
compared to what they were before, and were not
so quarrelsome, having not the same opportunity;
vet one of the certain companions of a profligate
mind never left them, and that was their idleness.
It is true, they planted corn, and made fences; but
Solomon's words were never better verified than in
them, I went by the vineyard of the slothful, and
it was all overgrown with thorns;" for when the
Spaniards came to view their crop, they could not
see it in some places for weeds, the hedge had seve-
ral gaps in it, where the wild goats had got in and
eaten up the corn; perhaps here and there a dead
bush was crammed in, to stop them out for the pre-
sent, but it was only shutting the stable-door after
the steed was stolen: whereas, when they looked on
the colony of the other two, there was the very face
of industry and success upon all they did; there
was not a weed to be seen in all their corn, or a
gap in any of their hedges; and they, on the other
hand, verified Solomon's words in another place,
" that the diligent hand maketh rich;" for every

thing grew and thrived, and they had plenty within
and without; they had more tame cattle than the
others, more utensils and necessaries within doors,
and yet more pleasure and diversion too.
It is true, the wives of the three were very handy
and cleanly within doors; and having learned the
English ways of dressing and cooking from one of
the other Englishmen, who, as I said, was a cook's-
mate on board the ship, they dressed their husbands'
victuals very nicely and well; whereas the others
could not be brought to understand it; but then
the husband, who, as I say, had been cook's-mate,
did it himself. But as for the husbands of the three
w ives, they loitered about, fetched turtles' eggs, and
caught fish and birds; in a word, any thing but
labour, and they fared accordingly. The diligent
lived well and comfortably; and the slothful lived
hard and beggarly; and so, I believe, generally
speaking, it is all over the world.
But 1 now come to a scene different from all that
had happened before, either to them or to me; and
the original of the story was this: Early one morn-
ing, there came on shore five or six canoes of In-
dians or savages, call them which you please, and
there is no room to doubt they came upon the old
errand of feeding upon their slaves; but that part
was now so familiar to the Spaniards, and to our
men too, that they did not concern themselves
about it, as I did: but having been made sensible,
by their experience, that their only business was to
lie concealed, and that if they were not seen by any
of the savages, they would go off again quietly,
when their business was done, having, as yet, not

the least notion of there being any inhabitants in
the island; I say, having been made sensible of this,
they had nothing to do but give notice to all the
three plantations to keep within doors, and not
show themselves, only placing a scout in a proper
place, to give notice when the boats went to sea
This was, without doubt, very right; but a dis-
aster spoiled all these measures, and made it known
among the savages that there were inhabitants
there; which was, in the end, the desolation of al-
most the whole colony. After the canoes with the
savages were gone off, the Spaniards peeped abroad
again; and some of them had the curiosity to go
to the place where they had been, to see what they
had been doing. Here, to their great surprise, they
found three savages left behind, and lying fast
asleep upon the ground. It was supposed they had
either been so gorged with their inhuman feast,
that, like beasts, they were fallen asleep, and would
not stir when the others went, or they had wan-
dered into the woods, and did not come back in
time to be taken in.
The Spaniards were greatly surprised at this
sight, and perfectly at a loss what to do. The Spa-
nish governor, as it happened, was with them, and
his advice was asked, but he professed he knew not
what to do. As for slaves, they had enough already;
and as to killing them, they were none of them in-
clined to that: the Spaniard governor told me, they
could not think of shedding innocent blood: for
as to them, the poor creatures had done them no
wrong, invaded none of their property, and they

thought they had no just quarrel against them, to
take away their lives. And here I must, in justice
to these Spaniards, observe, that let the accounts of
Spanish cruelty in Mexico and Peru be what they
will, I never met with seventeen men of any nation
whatsoever, in any foreign country, who were so
universally modest, temperate, virtuous, so very
good-humoured, and so courteous, as these Spa-
niards; and as to cruelty, they had nothing of it in
their very nature: no inhumanity, no barbarity, no
outrageous passions; and yet all of them men of
great courage and spirit. Their temper and calm-
ness had appeared in their bearing the insufferable
itsage of the three Englishmen; and their justice
and humanity appeared now in the case of the sa-
vages, as above. After some consultation, they re-
solved upon this; that they would lie still a while
longer, till, if possible, these three men might be
gone. But then the governor Spaniard recollected,
that the three savages had no boat; and if they
were left to rove about the island, they would cer-
tainly discover that there were inhabitants in it;
and so they should be undone that way. Upon this
they went back again, and there lay the fellows fast
asleep still, and so they resolved to awaken them,
and take them prisoners; and they did so. The
poor fellows were strangely frightened when they
were seized upon and bound; and afraid, like the
women, that they should be murdered and eaten:
for it seems, those people think all the world does
as they do, eating men's flesh; but they were soon
made easy as to that, and away they carried them.
It was very happy for them that they did not

narry them home to their castle, I mean to my pa-
lace under the hill; but they carried them first to
the bower, where was the chief of their country
work, such as the keeping the goats, the planting
the corn, &c.; and afterwards they carried them
to the habitation of the two Englishmen.
Here they were set to work, though it was not
much they had for them to do; and whether it was
by negligence in guarding them, or that they thought
the fellows could not mend themselves, I know not,
but one of them ran away, and taking to the woods,
they could never hear of him any more.
They had good reason to believe he got home
again soon after, in some other boats or canoes of
savages who came on shore three or four weeks
afterwards; and who, carrying on their revels as
usual, went off in two days' time. This thought
terrified them exceedingly; for they concluded, and
that not without good cause indeed, that if this
fellow came home safe among his comrades, he
would certainly give them an account that there
were people in the island, and also how few and
weak they were; for this savage, as I observed be-
fore, had never been told, and it was very happy he
had not, how many there were, or where they lived;
nor had he ever seen or heard the fire of any of
their guns, much less had they shown him any of
their other retired places; such as the cave in the
valley, or the new retreat which the two English-
men had made, and the like.
The first testimony they had that this fellow had
given intelligence of them was, that about two
months after this, six canoes of savages, with about

seven, eight, or ten men in a canoe, came rowing
along the north side of the island, where they never
used to come before, and landed, about an hour
after sun-rise, at a convenient place, about a mile
from the habitation of the two Englishmen, where
this escaped man had been kept. As the Spaniard
governor said, had they been all there, the damage
would not have been so much, for not a man of
them would have escaped: but the case differed now
very much, for two men to fifty was too much odds.
The two men had the happiness to discover them
about a league oftf so that it was above an hour be-
fore they landed; and as they landed a mile from
their huts, it was some time before they could come
at them. Now, having great reason to believe that
they were betrayed, the first thing they did was to
bind the two slaves which were left, and cause two
of the three men whom they brought with the wo-
men (who, it seems, proved very faithful to them) to
lead them, with their two wives, and whatever they
could carry away with them, to their retired places
in the woods, which I have spoken of above, and
there to bind the two fellows hand and foot, till
they heard farther.
In the next place, seeing the savages were all
come on shore, and that they had bent their course
directly that way, they opened the fences where the
milch-goats were kept, and drove them all out;
leaving their goats to straggle in the woods, whither
they pleased, that the savages might think they
were all bred wild; but the rogue who came with
them was too cunning for that, and gave them an
account of it all, for they went directly to the place.

When the two poor frightened men had secured
their wives and goods, they sent the other slave they
had of the three who came with the women, and
who was at their place by accident, away to the
Spaniards with all speed, to give them the alarm,
and desire speedy help; and, in the mean time,
they took their arms, and what ammunition they
had, and retreated towards the place in the wood
where their wives were sent; keeping at a distance,
vet so that they might see, if possible, which way
the savages took.
They had not gone far, but that from a rising
ground they could see the little army of their ene-
mies come on directly to their habitation, and, in a
moment more, could see all their huts and house-
hold stuff flaming up together, to their great grief
and mortification: for they had a very great loss,
to them irretrievable, at least for some time. They
kept their station for a while, till they found the
savages, like wild beasts, spread themselves all over
the place, rummaging every way, and every place
they could think of, in search of prey; and in par-
ticular for the people, of whom, now, it plainly ap-
peared they had intelligence.
The two Englishmen seeing this, thinking them-
selves not secure where they stood, because it was
likely some of the wild people might come that
way, and they might come too many together,
thought it proper to make another retreat about
half a mile farther: believing, as it afterwards hap-
pened, that the farther they strolled, the fewer
would be together.
Their next halt was at the entrance into a very

thick-grown part of the woods, and %where an ohl
trunk of a tree stood, which was hollow and vastly
large; and in this tree they both took their stand-
ing, resolving to see there what might offer. TheN
had not stood there long, before two of the savages
appeared running directly that way, as if they al-
ready had notice where they stood, and were com-
ing up to attack them; and a little way farther
they espied three more coming after them, and
five more beyond them, all coming the same way:
besides which, they saw seven or eight more at a
distance, running another way; for, in a word, they
ran every way, like sportsmen beating for their
The poor men were now in great perplexity whe-
ther they should stand and keep their posture, or
fly; but, after a very short debate with themselves,
they considered, that if the savages ranged the
country thus before help came, they might perhaps
find out their retreat in the woods, and then all
would be lost; so they resolved to stand them there;
and if they were too many to deal with, then they
would get up to the top of the tree, from whence
they doubted not to defend themselves, fire excepted,
as long as their ammunition lasted, though all the
savages that were landed, which was near fifty, were
to attack them.
Having resolved upon this, they next considered
whether they should fire at the first two, or wait
for the three, and so take the middle party, by
which the two and the five that followed would be
separated; at length they resolved to let the first
two pass by, unless they should spy them in the

tree, and come to attack them. The first two sa-
\ages confirmed them also in this regulation, by
turning a little from them towards another part of
the wood; but the three, and-the five after them,
came forward directly to the tree, as if they had
known the Englishmen were there. Seeing them
come so straight towards them, they resolved to
take them in a line as they came; and as they re-
solved to fire but one at a time, perhaps the first
shot might hit them all three: for which purpose,
the man who was to fire put three or four small
bullets into his piece; and having a fair loop-hole,
as it were, from a broken hole in the tree, he took a
sure aim, without being seen, waiting till they were
within about thirty yards of the tree, so that he
could not miss.
While they were thus waiting, and the savages
came on, they plainly saw that one of the three was
the runaway savage that had escaped from them;
and they both knew him distinctly, and resolved
that, if possible, he should not escape, though they
should both fire; so the other stood ready with his
piece, that if he did not drop at the first shot, he
should be sure to have a second. But the first was
too good a marksman to miss his aim; for as the
savages kept near one another, a little behind, in a
line, he fired, and hit two of them directly: the
foremost was killed outright, being shot in the head;
the second, which was the runaway Indian, was
shot through the body, and fell, but was not quite
dead; and the third had a little scratch in the
shoulder, perhaps by the same ball that went through
the body of the second; and being dreadfully

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