Title Page
 Robinson Crusoe
 The remarkable history of Alexander...

Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and most surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00001286/00001
 Material Information
Title: The life and most surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner who lived eight and twenty years in an uninhabited island, on the coast of America, near the mouth of the great river Oroonoque, including an account of his deliverance thence, and his after surprising adventures : with his Vision of the angelic world
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Alternate Title: Remarkable history of Alexander Selkirk
Physical Description: v i.e., iv, 238 p., 1 leaf of plates : 8 ill. ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Carse, Alexander, ca. 1770-1843 ( Illustrator , Engraver )
Miller, G ( Publisher, Printer )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Publisher: Printed by and for G. Miller
Place of Publication: Dunbar
Publication Date: 1801
Edition: An improved ed., ill. with eight engravings, from original designs.
Subject: Castaways -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1801   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Scotland -- Dunbar
Citation/Reference: Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe,
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956,
General Note: Remainder of t.p.: To which is annexed, The Remarkable history of Alexander Selkirk; who lived four years and four months in a state of solitude, on the island of Juan Fernandez, in the Pacific Ocean. This account (p. 233-238) is from the voyage of Captain Woodes Rogers.
General Note: Caption title: p. 126 Further adventures of Robinson Crusoe; p. 216 Robinson Crusoe's Vision of the angelic world.
General Note: Plates have legend: Dr. & eng. by A. Carse, Edin.
General Note: Parts I and II and extracts from pt. III of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under the title: The farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe; pt. III under title: Serious reflections during the life and surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
Funding: NEH RLG GCMP4
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00001286
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001803883
oclc - 29632420
notis - AJM7694

Table of Contents
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    Title Page
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    Robinson Crusoe
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    The remarkable history of Alexander Selkirk
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Full Text



seepage i8.
Or,,.&^ff: bj'^ .* f '^- ....,.^





Including an Account of

Illustrated 'with eight Engravings, from Original designs.

To which is annexed,
Who lived four years and four months in a state of Solitude,
on the Island of Juan Fernandez, in the PaciRc Ocean.



P R-E FAC E, .

F ever the flory of any private rii'n's ,d-
e nt-i re s. in the world were-worth m ak-
ing pub'c, -and were acceptable whei ip.ub-
lified, tlh Editor of this accouiit thinksithis
will-be fo. : .: i -r-r
The wonders of this man's life exceed all
that (he thinks) is to be found extant; the
life of one man being fcarce capable of a
greater variety.
The flory is told with modefty, with feri-
oufnefs, and with a, religious application of
-events to the ufes to which wife men always
apply them, viz. to the inftrudion of others
by this example, and to juffify and honour
the wifdom of Providence.in all the variety
of our circumfiances, let them happen how
they will.



The editor believes this narrative to be a
juft history of fa6t; neither is their any ap-
pearance offictioninit: and though he is well
aware there are many, who on account of
the very fingular prefervations the author
met with, will give it the name of romance;
yet in which ever of thefe lights it hall be
viewed, he imagines, that the improvement
of it, as well as the diverfion, as to the in-
ffrucion of the reader, will be the fame; and
asfuch,he thinks, without farther compli-
ment to the world, he does them a great
service in the publication.






I was born at York, in the year 1632, of a reputable family-
My father was a native 6f Bremen, who by merchandizing
at Hull for fome time, gained a very plentiful fortune. He mar-
ried my hdother at York, whoreceived her firft breath in that
country : and as her maiden name was Robinfon, I was called
Robinfon Kreuttnaer: which not being eafily pronounced in the
Englllh tongue, we Are commonly known by the name ofCrufoe.
I was the youngest of three brothers. The eldest was a lien-
tenant colonel in Lochart's regiment, but flain by the Spaniards:
what became of the other, I could never learn.
No charge or pains were wanting in my education.-My fa-
ther designed me for the law; yet nothing would ferve me but I
mit go to fea, both against the will of my father, the tears of
my mother, and the entreaties of friends. One morning my fa-
ther exoftulated very warmly with me: What reason, fays he,
have you to leave your native country, where there muft be a
more certain profped of content and happinefs, to enter into a
wandering condition of unealinefs and uncertainty ? He recom-
mended to me Augur's with, Neither to defire poverty nor
riches:' that a middle ftate of life was the mo& happy, and that
the high towering thoughts of raifipg our condition by wander-
ing abroad, were surrounded with mifery and danger, and often
ended with confufion and disappointment. I entreat you, nay,
I command you, (fays he) to delift from thefe intentions. Con-
fider your elder brother, who laid down his life for his honour,
or rather loft it for his dif bedience to my will. If you will go
(added he) my prayers hall however be offered foryour p referv-
ation; but a time may come, when, defolate, oppreffed, or for-
faken, you may wiih you had taken your poor defpifed father's
counfe'.- He pronounced thefe words with fuch a moving g and
.paternal eloquence, while fl :ds of tears ran down his ,ied
cheeks, that it seemed to ftem the torrent of my resolutions.
B z But


But this loon wore oft, and a little? after I informed my mother,
St-at I cotrld not fettle to any bu!inefs, my rf'Jutions were fo
strong to fee the world ; and begged fhe would gain my father's
c:.nf-nt only to go one voyage ;which, if I di8 not prcve pro-
fperous, I would never attempt a !feend.. But my d< lire was i a
vain as myfollyy in asking. My mothel-. paflionately exprefMd
her diflike ofth:q proposal, telling me, That as ihe faw I was
" bent upon my own deftirul&on, contrary to their will and my
" duty, ihe would fay no mere;" but leave me to do whatever
; I pleaded."
{ was.-ten3 I think, nineteen years old, when one time being
art -hi' I n-et a fchocl-felldiw of mine, going along .ith his fa-
i1. -, i* i was master of I flip, to London; and acquainted
him with my wandering defires ; he affired me of a free paffage,
and a plentiful iha e of what was neceiTary. Thus, without im-
ploring a bleffing, cr taking t.reweil of my parents, I took fhip-
ping on the firft of September I65I. We fet fail foon after, and
our fhip had farce left the Humber a-ftern, when there arcfe fo
violent a form, that, being extremely fea-fick, I concluded the
ji1.'imeint of God.defervedly followed me for my difolbbedience
to my dear parents. It was then I called to mind the good ad-
vice ofmy father ( how eafy and corrfirtab'e was a middle fate
of life; and I firmly resolved, if it pleafkd.God dto frt me on dry
lind once more, I wonld return to my parents,. ir:p'....: thcir
forgivehefs, and bid a final adieu to my wandering inclinations.
Such were my thoughts while.th! form contifined: but thefe
gd6d- refolutionrs decreafed with the, danger; more especially
when my companion came to me, clapping me on the shoulder:
" What, Bob!''" aid.he, "fure you was not'frightenedLlaft night
"withi'carce a capful of wind ?."-" ind do you" cr:ed I, "call
"fich avio6ent ftorina capful of wind?" "A ltorm, you fool you,"
faid he, "this .is nothing; a good fliip and fea-room always baffles
Sfuch a foolish fquall of wind as tiat: But you're a frefl) water
" !ailox: Come boy, turn out, fee what Ii-:e weath.'r we have
" now, ard a good bawl of punch wiil drdwn all your pa't
" foirows." In tiort, the panch was made,.I was drunk, and
in one night s time drowned both my repentance and my gzod
refolntions, forgetting entirely the vows and prcmils I made in
my diffrefs: and whenever any reflections would return on me,
.what by company. and what by driflking, I foon mAftered tho'e
fits, as I deridingly called them. But this.only made way for
another trial, whereby I cculd not but fee how much I was be-
holden to'ktid Providence.
Upon the fixth day we came to an anchor in Harwich road,
where'we lay wind bound with fome Newcaftle fhips; and
there being good anchorage, and our cables found, the feamen
trp.:,.ttL;er late toil and danger, and fpent-the time as merry as
if th,- y hal been on flore But on the eight day there aroie a
brilk gale ot wind, which prevented our tidingitupthe river; and
.. fill


fill increasing, our fhip rode forecaftle in,, and whipped federal
large feas.
It, was not long before horror feized the feamen themselves,
and I heard the maftRr exprefs t'is melancholy ejaculation,
!" Lord have mercy upon us, we (hall. be all. loft and undone!"'
For my part, lick unt:o death,.I kept my cabin till the univerfal
and terr by dreadful apprehe-fi ns of our fpe-dy fate made me
get upon deck ; and there I was affright:d indeed. he fea.
went mountains !"igh : I could fee nothing but diftre.f around
us ; two hips had cut their mafts on board, and another was.
foundered ; two more that had loft their anchors, were forced
out to,the mercy of the ocean ; and tofave our lives we were
forced t.a cut our foremaft and mainmaft quite away.
Who i; their fo ignorant as not to judge of my dreadful con-
dition ? I was but a frefh-water failor,, and therefore it seemed
more teri*ible. Our fliip was very good, but ovor-loaded; which
made the failors often cry out, "She would founder! Words I
then was ignorant of All this while the ftorm continuing, and
rather increasing, the master and the moft fober part of his men
went to prayers, expeAing death every moment. In the middle
of the night one crie out, '"We had fprung a leak ;'' another,
"That there was four feet water in the hold.'" I wasjlft ready
to expire with fear, when immediately all hands were called to>
the pump; and the men forced me alto in that- extremity to,
fhare with them in their labour. While thus employed, the
master. efpving forie light colliers, fired a gun as a final of dif-
trefs; and I, not understanding what it meant, and .thinking
that either the thip broke, or fome dreadful thin happened, fell
into a fwoon Even in that.common con lition of woe, nobody
minded me, excepting to thrust me aide with their feet, think-
ing me dead, and it was a great while before I recovered
Happy it was for us, when, upon the final given, they ven-
tured out their boats to fave our lives. All our pumping had
been in vain, and vain had all our attempts been, had they not
come to our fhip's fide, and our men caft them a rope over the-
ftern with a buoy to it, which after'great labour they got hold,
of, and we hauling them up to us-got into their b at, and left
our thip, which we perceived fink within lefs than a qu.irterof
an hour; and thus I learned, what was meant by foundering at
fea. 'And now the men inceffantly laboured to recover their
own (hip; but the fea ran fo high, and the wind blew oI hard,
that they thought it convenient to hale within Ihore; which,
with great difficulty and danger, at laft we happily effeced
landing at a place called Cromer, not far from Winterton light-
houfe ; from whence we all walked to Yarmouth, where, as ob-
je&s of pity, many good people furnished us with neceffaries to
carry us either to Hull or Londcn.
Strange, after all this, like the prodigal fon, I did not return
to my father who hearing of the fhip% calamity, for a long
B 3 tuen


time thought me entombed in the deep. No doubt but T fhonld
have hared on his fatted caf, as the fcripture exprefl-ti it;
but my ill fate ftiil puhfiAt o', in fpite of the powerful cor.-
vidtion of reafon and, !encr.
When we had beeijat ,.rmcuth three days, I met my old
companion, who had giv'n 'me the-invitation to go on board a-
long with his father. His behavi"ur and fp'-ech were atl
tested, and in a melancholy manner afked me how I di.!, telling
his father who I was, & how I had made this voyage only for a
trial to pr, ceed further abroad. Upon which the old gentleman
turning to me gravely, laid, *"Young man, you ought never to
" go to fea any more, but to take this for; a ceitaln fign that
" you never willprofper in a fta-faring condition."' 'Sir" an-
fwered I, "will you take the fante resolution ?'' "It is a different
" cafe," faidhe, *'it is my calling, a;d confcquently my duty;
" but as you have made this voyage for a trial, you fee what ill
- fuccefs heaven has let before y ur eyes ; ant perhaps our mif-
" series have been on your account, like Jonah in. the flip of
" TarfVi. "But pray what are you, and on what account did
" ycu go to fea '" Upon which I very freely declared my
.whole ftory : at the end of which he made this exclamation:
4" Ye facred powers: what had I committed, that fuch a
" wretch should enter into my fhip to heap upon me luch 'a
" deluge of miseries But foon recolleding his pafifon, Youpg
man" laid he, ,if you do not go bhck, depend upon it,
<4 wherever you go, you will meet with difattrs and di!app:int-
" ments till your .father's words are fulfilled upon you." And
fowe parted.
I thought at firft to refirn home; but fame opposed that good
motion, as th i i i should be laug!:ed at by my neighb urs and
acquaintance. So ftrange is the nature of youth, who are not
agthmed to fin, but yet afhamed to repent; and to tar fr.-m being
afharied of thofe actions for which they may be counted fools,
they think it fclly to return to their duty, which is the princi-
pal mark of widom.. In fh:rt I travelled up to London, ref-.l-
ving upon a voyage, and a voyage I loon heard of, by my ac-
quaintance with a captain who tookG a farcy to me, to go to t.he
coaft ot Guinea. IHaving 1 me ifoney, and appearing like a ger-
tleman, I went. on board, not as co-m n 'Tain r or hcremaft
man ; nay, the c rmander agreed I thcu'd go that voyage with
him without any expect ; that I Ihould be his meofltte and
con:panion, and I was vwry v. come to carry any thing with
me, and ma':e the bcft merchanr:lf I c u'd.
I bieffed -.y happy fortune, and humbly thanked my captain
for this ifer; and acquaiting my friends in Yorkfhire, forty
p-urlds were fent m;., the gr ateft cart ot which my dear father
and mother contributed to, with which I bought toys and
trifles 'as the captain diredled :.e. My captain alfd taught me
navigation, how to keep-an account of the fhip's cc.ut-f, tai;e an


observation, and led me into the knowledge cf several Irfful
branches of the mathematics. And indeed this vnyge made me
both a fail-r anda merchant; for Ilbrolight horn five pounds
nine ounces of gold-dul' for my adventure, wh:ch prF'duced, at
my return to London, almost three .hurndredi p '-ds. Pot in
this voyage I was extremely fic:i, being thrown rnto a viclset
calenturethrough the excefsive heat, tradi-g up ,n the coat from
the latitude of fifteen degrees north, even to ti!e iine i!:i'.
But alas! my dear friend the captain forn d-parted this 1fe
after his arrival. This was a lenfible grief to mT ; yet I refolved
to go another voyage with his mate, who had now go! 'command
of the fhip. This rr.ved a very unluccef-ful oe ; for though I
did not carry quite a hundred pounds ol my late acqirt d wealth,
(fo. that I had ,two' hundred pounds leir, which 1 repoled with
the captain's Widow. who was an-honeft gentlewoman)yet my
misfortunes in this unhappy voyage were very great. Fc-r our
fbip failing towards the Canary fllands, we w-re cliafed by a
Salee rover; and in lpite of all the -are iwe cou.d make by
crowding as much canvas as cur ya-ds c.-u 'pread, ,r cur
mafls carry, the pirate gained upon us, Io t'at we, p '.pared
our!elves to fight. They had eighteen guns, and we had but
twelve. About three in. the afterno:op there vas a desperate
engagemrrnt wherein many were killed and w-uided on bith
fides; but findin!t ourfeives overpowered with numbers, our Q!ip
-disabled and ourselves too impotent to have the !eaft hooes of
fuccefs, we ivere forced to fir-ender ; an:d 2ccnrdingly were all
carried prisoners into the port ot oSake. Our men: were lent to
the Emperor's curt tobe I. Id there, but the pi ate captain
taking notice of me, kept me t- be his own fave.
In this condition, I thought myfeif the moft miserable crea-
ture -n earth, and the prophecy of ny father came afr'fh into
my th ug.to. However, my condition was be' ter t h n I though it
it to be, as will fo .n appear. Some hopes indeed I ad that my
new patron would g to lea again, where he might be taken by
a Spanilh or Portuguele n an of war, and then I Ihond be let at
liberty. But in this I was mistaken ; for he revci took me with
him, but left m- to look alter his-little g:ir -u!, and do the diiud-
gery ot his houtfe, and when e returleed fro le v,w: Id make
Sme he in te cabin, and I-ook aiter.t.-e thip. [had no one tiat-I
c uld communicate mn t1hou ht,- to, which were c nitinually
mLditating my' cap- no. E'g'ifhman, Ir h -an, or Sc techman
here bnt myf f; and for two vars I could ic nothing practic-
able, but only p:ealed mn lif wit',, the imagination.
After fbme eing-h of itme, .ry pa itn, as I lound, grew fo
pocr that he could not tit out his thip as ufual ; an th -n he uf-
ed co,;ftanfly, once or t,,ice a week, if the weait!'er was fair, to
go -ut a fishing, taking me ard a young hM ifco ioyt to rowi
the boat; and lo mlucit pirafd was he with inm tor my d(xt-rity
in catching the filh, that he would often lend u:e with a Moor,


who was one of his kinfemen, and 1he Morefco youth, to catch
a dilh of fifli for him.
One moriing, as we were at the fport, there arrfe ucha thick
feg that we loft fight .f the fhore ; and rowing we knew not
which way, we labored all the nig' t, an l in the morning found
curelves in the ceean, two leagues from land. H wever we
at.tainrd there at length, and ma,!e the greater hafte,' ecaufe our
stomachs were exceedingly (harp and hungry. In order to pre-
vent ilch diafters for the future, my patron ordered a carpent-
er to build a little (tate room or cabi in the middle of the long-
'boat, with a place hehind it to fteer and hale hume th, main-
theet, with other conveniences to keep him from the weather,
as alfo lockers to put in all manner of provilfons, with a hand-
tfme shoulder ,F mutton fail, gibing over the cabin.
In this he fr quently took us cut a fishing: and one time in-
viting two or three periais of diftinai n to go with him, made ,
provision extraordinary, providing alfo three fufi-s with pow-
der and hhot, that they might have f me port at bowlingg along
the fea-coaft. T;ie next morning the boat was made clean, her
ancient and pendants ou and every thing ready : but their
minds altering, my patr' n ordered u, to go a filing, for that
his guefts would certainly fup with him that night.
And now I began to think f my deliverance indeed. In or-
der to t is I peifihaded the M, or to get tome provilion,' on
board, as not daring to meddle with our patron's: and he taking
my advice, we ftored ourlelv s With rufk hii'cuit, *and three jars
of water. Befides, I privately conveyed into the boat a bottle
of brandy, fome twine, thread, a hammer, hatchet, and.a faw ;
and, in particu ar, fome bees wax, which was a great comfort to
me, and ferved to make candles. I then perfu ded Muley (for
fo was the Moor called) to procure fome powder nd thot,
pretending to kill fea curlues, wfiich he inn'cer tly ard readily
agreed tr.In fhort, bein: provided, with all things necefary-, we
failed out, refilving for my own part to m.ke my efcape,
though it should colt me my life.
When we had paffed the castle, we fell a filing ; but though.
I knew there was a bite, I diffembled the matter, in order to put
out further to fea. Acrording'y we ran a league fudthei : when
giving the boy the helm, and pretending to ftoop for something,
I feized Muley by furprne and threw him overboard. As he
was an excellent fwimmer, he foon arofe.and made towards the
boat; upon which I t:ok out a fufee, and presented at him: -
Muley" faid I, "I never yet defi ned to do you any harm,
and flek nothing now but my redemption. I know you. are
able enough to fwim to fhore, and lave your life: but if you.
"? are ietolved, to follow- me to the endangering of mine,
the very moment you proceed, I will ihoot you through the
head." The harmlels creature at thefe words, turned.himielf
from me, and I make no doubt got fafe to land. Then turning


to the boy Xury, I perceived he trembled at the action : but I
put him out of all fear, telling'him, that if he would be true and
faithful to me, I would do'well by him. "And therefore,"
faid I, "you muft ftroke your face to be faithful: and, as the
" Turks have learned you, fear by Mahomet, and the beard of
" your father, or elfe I will throw you into the fea alfo." So
innocent did the child then look, and with fuch an obliging
f1;le confented, thatI readily believed him, and from -that day
forward began to love him entirely.
We then purfued our voyage : and left they iho.'ld think me-
gone to the Straits' mcuth, I kept to the fouthward to the truly
Barbarian coaft ; but in the dufk df the evening, I changed my
ccurf?, and fteerirg diretly-S. and by E. that I might keep near
the fhore : and having a freih gale of wind, with a pleasant
smooth rei, by three o'clock next day I was o:ne iindred and
fifty miles beyond the.Emperor of Morocco's dominions. Yet
fill h-ving the dreadful apprehensions of be'ng retaken, I con-
tinued failing for five days fucceffively, till fuci time as 'the
wind shifting to the fonithi ard, made me c3nclnde, that if any
veffel was in the chafe of me, they wou'd proceed no farther.
After fo much fatigue and thought, I anchored at the mouth of
a little river, I knew not what Qr where : nei her did I then fee
any people; What I principally wanted was freih water; andI
was resolved about dufk to fwim afhore. But no foon-er did tte
gloo-my clouds of night begin to fuccee the declining day,
when we heard fuch barking, roAring, and howling of wild crea-
tures, that one might have thought the very ftrbrigelt m6nflers
ofnature, or infernal ip!rits had their refid:nce there. Poor
Xury, almost dead with fear, entreated me not to go on fhple
that night.' Suppofing I don t, Xury," f'id I, :ndo in the
" morning we should fee men who are wore tha-' t!hcfe we fear,
" what then ?" O den we may give dem de ihoot g.u'"," -re-
plied Xury, la-ughing, and de gun make de-n all rin aw:y."
The wit and broken Englifh which the boy had learned a nong
the captives o& our nation, pleaicd me entirely : an;, to ad:l to
his cheer u'nefs, I gave hi:r a dram of the bottle : we c,)ild get
but little fleeo all the night for thofe terrible howlings they
made ; and, indeed, we were both very much affrighted, when,
by the rolling of the water, and other tokens, we juft y c n-
c'uded one of thee monsters made towards our boat. I c iuld
not fee till it came within two oars length, w'en ta':ing my fu-
fee, r let flv at him. Whether I hit him or no, I cannot tell;
bu.t he-made towards the fhore, and the note of my gun in-
creafed the ftupredious noise of the m anfter'.
The next morning I was resolved tj go on fhorc to get frefh
water, and venture my life among the beats or lavages fh,:nid
either attack me. Xuryfaid, he would take one of the jars and
'bring me fome. I afled h'm why he would go and not I?
The pocr boy anfwered, Ifwiid mans come they eat me, you


go away." A mind fcarcely now to be imitated, fo contrary to
felf-prefervation, tl:e moft powerful law of Nature. This in-
deed increased my affection to the child. "Well, dear Xury, "
faid I," we will both go afhore, both kill wild mans, and-they
" hall eat neither of us." So giving Xury a piece of refk-
bread to eat, and a dram, we waded ashore, carrying nothing
with us but our arms, and two jars for water. I did not gq out
of light of the boat, as dreading the favages coming down the
river in their canoes; but the boy feeing a low defcent or vale
about a mile in the country, he wandered to it: and then run-
ning back to me with great precipitation, I thought he was.pur-
iued by bome favage or wilt beat; upon which I approached,
revolving to ,perifh or protect him from danger. As he came
nearer to me, I faw formething hanging'over his shoulders, which
was a creature he had ihot like a hare, but different in colour,
and longer legs; however, we were glad of it, for it proved
wholefme, and nourifhing meat: but what added to our joy
was, my boy affiared me there was plenty of water, and that he
fee ans ,wild mans. And greater fill was our ccmfi(rt when we
fond freth water in the creek where we were when the tide
was out, without going fo far up into the country.
In this place I began to consider that the Canary and Cape de
Verde ifiands lay not far off: but having no infiurument, I knew
not what latitude, or when to fland off to feafcr them ; yet my
hopes were, I fhoulk meet tome of the Englifh trading veffels,.
who would relieve and take us in.
The place I was in was no doubt that wild country, inhab-
ited only, by a few, that lies between the Emperor of Moroc-
co's dominions ard the Negroes It is filled with wild beafts
and the Moors ufe it for hunting chiefly.-From this place I
thought I faw the top of the mountain Tene iff in'the Canaries:
which made me try- twice to attain it: but as often was I
drove back, and to forced to purfne my fortune along fhore.
Early one morning we came to an anchor under a little
point of land, but pretty high ; and the tide beginning to flow,
we lay ready to go further in- But Xuiy, whofe youtthful and
penetrating eyes were harper then m ne, in a tcft tone, defir-
ed me to keep far from lard, left we fthiuld be devoured,
" For look yonder, mayter,'* faid he,- and fee de dreadful
" mcnfler faft asleep n de fide of de hill. Accordingly look-
ing where. he pointed, I efpvtd a fearful 'roniter indeed. It
was a terrible great lion that lay on fhore, covered as it were by
a Ihade ot a piece of the hill. Xurv," faid I, 'you hall go
" on fhore and kill him.Y Bu; the b-y looked amp.zed :
'-Me kill him! fays he, hq eat me at one 'mouth:"
meaning on mouthful. Up, w ch I bid :i n lie till, and
charging my bigeft gun wit two flugs, and a g od cha ge of
powder, I took t e beft aim I could. to Ihoot im through
the head, but his leg lying over his nofe, the flug bofke his


knee-bone. The lion awaking with the pain, got irp, nut
foon fell down, giving the moft hideous groan [ ever heard: but
taking my second piece, I fhot him through the head, and then
he lay struggling for life. Upon this Xury tonk heart and defir-
ed my leave to go on fhore. Go then," faidj. Upon which
taking a little gun in one hand, he fwam, to thore with the other,
and coming clofe to the lion, put a period to his life, by shooting
him again through the head.
But this was pending our ammunition in vain, the flefh not
being good to eat. Xury was like a champion, and comes on
board for a hatchet, to cut of the head of his enemTy : b"t not
having firength to perform it, he cut off and brought me a foot.
I bethought me, however, that his fkin would b2 of ufie. 7 his
work coft Xury and me a whole day : When fyreading it rn the
top of our cabin, the hot beams of the fun effedually dried it in
two days time, and it afterwards served me for a bed to lie
And now we failed foutherly, living fparng!y on our provi-
Lons, and went no oftener on fhore than we were obliged for
frefh water. My design was to make the river Gambia or Sene-
gal,:or any where about the Cape de Verde, in hopes to meet
fome.European fhip. If Providence did not fo favour me, my
next courfe was to feek. for the iflands, or lofe my life among
the Negroes. And in a word. I put my whole fires upon this,
"Either that I muft meet with fame flip or certainly pcrifh."
One day as we were failing along, we law people itand on the
Thore looking at us: we could alfo perceive they wore black and
ftark naked. I was inclined to go on fhore, but Xury cried,
" No, no :' however, I approached nearer, and I found they
run along the fhore by me a good way. They had no weapons
in their hands, except one, who held a long kick, which Xury
told me was a lance, with which they could kill at a great dift-
ance. I talked to them by figns and made them fenfible'l want-
ed something 'to eat they beckoned to me to ftop my boat,
while two of them ran up into the country, and in lefs than
half an hour came back, and brought with them two pieces of
dried flefh, and ifome corn, which we ifidly accepted; and to
prevent a y fear, on either fide, they brought the food to the
thore, laid it down, then went and food a great way off till
we fetched it on board, and then came clofe to us again.
But while we were returning thanks to them, being all we
could afford, twdomighty creatures came from the mountains:
one as it were pursuing the other with great fury, which we
were the rather inclined to believe as they feldom appear but
in the night: and both thefe. fwiftly pifing by the Negroes,
jumped into the fea, wantonly swimming about, as tho' the di-
verfion of the wateis had put a ftop to their fiercenefs. At laft
one of them coming-nearer to my boat than I expeded or defir-
ed, I fhot him directly through the head; upon which he funk


immeiiatly, and yet rifing again, would have willingly made
the fheire: but between the wound and the firangling of tihe
waier, he dird before he could reach it.
It is inp -flible to express tbe confternation the poor Negroes
were in at t! e firing of my gun ; much-l ls can I mention their
furprife, when ttey perceived the creature to be flain by it. I
made figps to them to draw near it with a rope, and then gave
it them to lhae on thoie. It was a beautiful leopard, which
made me defire its fkin :. and the Negroes feeming to covet the
carcafe, I freely gave itto them. As for the other leopard, it
made to fhcre, and ran with prodigious fwiftnefs out of fight.
The Negroes having kindly. furnished me with water, and
with what roots and grains their country .afforded, I took my
leave, and, after eleven days fsil,:came in fight of the Cape de
Verde, and thofe iflands called by:its name But the great dift-
ance I was from it, and fearing contrary winds -would prevent
my rcacl-ing them; I began to grow melancholy and dejected,
.when, upon a fudden, Xury cried out, "MVafter! After !a thip
with a fail !''and looked as iffrighted as if it was hismafler's
hip fent in fearch of us. But I foon discovered fhe was a:'Por-
tuguefe flip, as I thought.bound to the coaft of Guinea for Ne-
Sgoes. *Upon which I firove for life to come up'to therm. But
vain had it been, if through their perfpcl five glaffes they lad not
perceived me. and flhrtened their fail to let me come tip.
Encouraged at this, I fet up my patron's ancient, and fired a
gun, both as signals of diflrefi ; upon which.they ve,. kindly
lay to, fo that-in three hcurs t me I.came up with them. They
fpoke to me in Portuguefe, Spanilb, and. French, hut neither
of tl:efe did 1 understand ; till at length a Scots sailor called,
and then I told him I was an Englifhman, who/had escaped
from the Moors at lallee: upon which they took me kindly on
board, with all, my effects.
Surely .rone can exprefs the inconceivable jby I felt at this
happy deliverance who from being ka ate miserable and lor-
lorn creature. was not only relieved, but in yvour with the
mailer of the fhip, to whom, in return for my deliverance, I
offered all I hal. God forbid," faid he,/"that 1 should
"take ?ny thing from you. Every thing thall be delivered.to
"you when you come to Brazil. If I-have faved your life it
!s nc mere than I fbould expect& to receive/myielf from any
ether, whes in the fame circuroifances I/fhould happen to,
Meet t'e like deliverance.' And fhruld I tgke from you what
Syou have, and leave you at Brazil,.w.hy, itbis would be only
. taking away a life I had given; My charity teaches me ret-
"ter. Th nfe effeeti you have will fuppor you there, and
"provide youP a paffage home again. -.An, indeed, he acted
with tht firidteA juftfce in what he did, taking my things into
his pofffffion, an.d giving me an exact inventory, even to my
earthen jars. He bought my beat:of .me for the fhip's utfe
S giving


giving me a note of eighty pieces of eight, payable at Brazil;
.and if any body offered more, he would make it up. He'alfe
gave me 60 pieces foi my boy Xdry. It was with great relihtance
I was prevailed upon to fell the child's liberty, who had ferved
me bf faithfully; but the boy was willing himself; and it was
agreed, that after ten years he should be made free, upon his
renouncing Mahometanifm, and embracing Chriftianity.
Having a pleasant voyage to the Brazils, we arrived in the
Bay de Todos los Santos,or All Saints Bay, in twventy-two days
after. And here I cannot forget the generous treatment of the
captain. He wouldtake-nothing for my paffage, gave me twen-
ty ducats for the leopard's fkin, and thirty for the lion's. Every
thing he caused to be delivered, and what I would fell he bought.
In fhort I made about 1zo pieces of my cargo; and with this
ftock I entered once more, as I may fay into the fcene-of life.
Being recommended to-an honelf planter, I lived with him
till fuch time as I vas informed of the manner of their planting
and making fugar; and feeing- how well they lived, and how
suddenly they grew rich, I was filled with a desire to fettle
among them,and resolved to get my money remitted to me, and
to purchase a plantation.
'4o be brief, I bought a settlement next door to an honeft and
kind neighbour, born at Lifton, of.Englifl parents, whofe plan-
tation joining to mine, we improved it very amicably together.
Bcth cur ftccks were low, and for two years we planted only
for food: but the third year we planted fame tobacco, and-each
of us dreffed a large piece of ground the ensuing year for plant-
ing canes. But now I found how much I wanted affiftance, and
repented the lofs of my dear boy Xury.
Having none to affift me, my father's words came into my
mind ; and I ufed to afk myself, if what I fotghtwas only a
middle station of life, why could it not as well be obtained in
England as here ? When I pondered on this with regret, the
thoughts of my late deliverance forfook me. I had none to con-
verfe with but my neighbour; no&workeit be done but birmy
own hands; it often made me fay, r;aycondition wi Ibk- to
that of a man caft upon a defolate iflknd. So unhappy are we
in our reflecions, fo forgetfiul of-what good things we receive
ourfelves, and fo unthankful for out deliverance from thofe
calamities that others endure.
.I was in fobme mealbre- fittled,-lbefore the captain who took
*me u.p departed fiom thel'Bazil#. Oie day I went to him, and
*told him what' fock I htad in London, defining his ffiftance in
getting it remitftd ; to which the good gentleman readily con-
Sfented, bt Wor.ld only have me lend for half my money, let it
flould mV carry; which, if it did, I might fill- ave the remain-
der'to fpport me: and fo taking letters of procuration ot me,
bid me tro.blemryfelf no farther about it. -
SAnd indeed -wonderful was his kindnefs towards me; for lhe
not only procured-the money I had draw-n fbor upon my captaiix's
C v widow


widow, but f~nt me over a fervant with-a cargo proportionable
to my condition. He allo fent me over tools of all forts, iron-
work, and utenfils neceffary foi my plantation, which proved
I(be of the greatftt u!e to me in my bulinefs.
Wealth now accumulating on me, and uncommon fuccefs
crowning my profperous labours, I might have refuted happy in
that middle ftate of life my father had !b often reeo'rmended,
yet nothing would content me, iuch was my evil g-n'us, but
I mus leave this happy station, for a foolish ambition in
riling ; and thus, once m:-re, I caft myfelf into the greatest
gu ph of mifery that ever poor creature fell into. Having lived
four years in Brazil, I had not only learned the language, but
contrafled acquaintance with the moft eminent pl;ntere, and
even the merchants of St. Salvadore; to whom, once, by way
of difcourfe, having given acec unt of my two voyages to the
coaft (f GGinea and the manner of trading there or m-re trifles,
by which we furnish .our plantations with Negroes, they gave
fuch attention to what I faid, that three of them came one iror-
ning to m-, and told me they had a fecr-t propofal to make.
After enjoining me to fecrecy (it being an infringement on the
powers of the Kings of Portugal and Spain) they told me they
had a mind to fit out a ihip to go to Guinea, in order to
-ftock the plantation with Negroes, which as they could not
be publicly fold, they would divide among them : and if I
would go their fupercargo in the fhip, to manage the trading
part, I should have an equal ihare ot- the Negroes, without
providing any ftock. The thing indeed was fair enough, had
I been in another condition. But I, born to be my own de-
firoyer, could not'refift the proposal, but accepted the cffer
upon condition of their looking after my plantation. S-y mak-
ing a formal 'will, I bequeathed my effects to my good friend
the captain, as my univerfal heir ; but obliged him to ditpofe
of my effeds as directed, one half of the produce to himleif,
and the o'her to be whipped to England
The ihip being' fitted out, and all things ready, we fct fail
the firft of September, .659, bsi'g the lame day eight years I
left my. father and mother in Yoi kfhire. We fail-d northw:ard
upon the coaft, in order, to gain Africa, till we made Cape
Auguftine ; from whence going farther into the ocean, cut of
fight of land, we fleered as though we were l ~und for the
ifle Fernand de Nirenba. living the illaiids on the eaft; a'd
then it war that we met with a terrible tempeft, which continu-
ed for twelve days fucc.ffively, fo that the winds carried us
wherefnev.'i they pleaded. In this perple-xty one of our men
died, and one man and a boy were warned overboard. When
the weather cleared up a little, we found ourfelves eleven de-
grees north latitude, upon the coaft of'Guinea. Upon this the
captain gave reasons for returning; which I opposed, counfel-
ling him to Rand away for Barbadoes, which, as I fuppofed,
mihgt be attained in fifteen days. So altering our courfe, we


failed north-weft and by weft, in order to reach the Leeward
Iflands ; but a second ftorm fucceeding, drove us to the weft-
ward; to that we were juftly afraid of fa ling into the hands
of cruel favages, or the paws of devouring beats of prey.
In th s great diftrcfs, one bf our men, early iu the morning
cried out, Land, land! w:ich he had no fooner cried out,
but our flip truck upon a Jand bank, and in a moment the
iea broke over her in luch a n:anner that we expended we
fhonid all have perifed immediately. We knew nothing
where we were, or upon what land we were driven; whether
an iffand cr the main, inhabited or not inhabited; and we
could not to much as hope that the fhip would hol.l out many
minutes, without breaking in pieces, .xc'pt the wind by a mi-
racle thiuld turn abont immediately While we flocd looking
at one another, expecting death every moment, the mate lava
hold of the boat, and with the help c-f the reft got her flung ov-
er thefhip's fide, and getting all ino her, being eleven uf us,
Sommtitted curfe'ves to-God's mercy and the wild fea. And
now we faw that this laft effort would not be a fifficient pruo-
Stetion fcm death; fo high did the fa rife, that it was i.rxpo'--
fible the boat fhouid live. As to making fail, we had none;
neither if we had, could _we make use of any. So that when
we had rowed, or rather were driven about a league and d
balf, a ragi-g wave, like a lofty mountain, came rolling a-fternm
of us, and t;.ok us with foch fury, that at once it ovwifct. t:e
boat. Thi;s being twallcwed up in a moment, .e had hardly
time to call up:.n the tremendous name of God ; much ldfs to
i.iul:re, in dying ejaculations, his infinite mercy to receive cur
departing 'ouls.
Men are generally counted infenfibe, when struggling in tl.e
pings of death ; but wh.le I was overwhelmed with water, I
had the moft dreadful apprehenfions imaginable. For the joys
cf heaven and the torments cf hell, fereed to present therr.-
felves b fore me in thefe dvirg agonies, an l even fmail pace cf
time, as'it were, between.life and death. I was g ing I thoug!:t
I knew not whither, into a Oifmal gulf unkriown, and as vet
unpcrcc-ivd, nevec to behold my friends, nor the light of thls
woirl any more Could I even have thought of annihilati, n,
or a total diffo1ution of foul as well as body, the gioomiy
thoughts ct having no further bein', no krawl--dge of what
we 1 oped f r, but an eternal .quietu., without I !e- or f,-,fe ;
e en thl:t, I lay, wmuld hare been enough to strike me wilt.
horr.t and confufisn I (trove, ho'.vver, t.? t!.e laft rxtrem-
ity, w.v::i all my companions w.-re overpower-d and enomnhed
i the dtcp : and it was with t eat d -fficulty I kept my breath
till the wave lpent itielt, and ietirng back, left me cn the fhore
hail de:'.a wifth the water I ha.i t-ket; in. As loon as Lg. t
on my aet, I ra 1 as faft ui I cou'd, left arotier wave tfould
Spurfie me, and carry me b-k again. But for all the hate I
C a made


made, I could not avoid it: for the fea came after me like a
high mountain, cr-furious enemy; fo that my bufiinets was to
hold- my breath, and by raising myself on the water, preserve
it by fvimming. The next dreadful wave buried me at once
tiventj or thirty feet deep, but at the fame time carried me
with mighty force and fwiftnefs toward the thore: when raif-
ing myfd', I held out as well as pcflible, till at lefigth the water
having fpent itfelf, began to return, at which I trick forward,
and feeling ground with my feet, I took to my heels again.
Thu- being ferved twice more, I was at length dafhed aRainft a
piece of a rock, in !uch a manner as left me fenelels ; but re-
covering a little before the return of the wave, which, np
doubt, would then have overwhelmed me, I held faft by the
rock till thofe fucceeding waves abated-; and then fetching'an-
other run, was-overtaken by a fall wave, which was foon con-
quered. But before any more could overtake, me,. I reac!.ed
the main land, where clambering up the clifts of the there, ti-
red and almoft fpent I fat down on the grafa,free from the dan-
gers of the foaming oceam.
No tongue can express the ecftafies and transports that my
fould felt at the happy deliverance. It was like a reprkive to a
dying malefa&or, with a halter abcut his neck, and ready to be
'turned off. I was wrapt up in contemplation and often lifted
up my hands, with the profoundeft humility, to the Divine
Powers, for having, my life, when the reft of my corrpanions
Wt re all drowned. And now 1 began to caft my eyes around,
to behold what place I was in, and what I hadnext to do. I could
fee no howfe nor people; I was wet, yet had no clothes to fhift
me ; hungry and thirty, yet had nothing to eat or drink ; no
weapon to deftroy any creature for my ffteiiance,' nor defend
myielf against devouring beafts.; in fhort, I had nothing but a
ktife, atobaeco-pipe, .and a box half filled with tobacco. The
darkfome night coming on upon me, increased my fears of'being
devoured by wild creatures; my mind wasplinged in despair,
and having no profpedt, asIthought, cf l;f, before ire, prepared
for another kind of death then what I had lately f.:aped. I walk-
ed about a furlong to fee if Icould find any freth water, which
I' did,.to my great joy: and taking a quid of tobacco to prevent
hunger, got up into a thick buthy tree, and itating nryfel fo
tliat I c(u!d not fall, a deep fleep overtook me, and for that
night burt-d my forrows in a quiet repu!e.
It was broad:day the next morning before faWaked; when I
not only perceived the tempeft was ceafed, but law the Ihip
dl'iven alnoft as far as the rook before-mentioned, which the
waves had dafhed me against, and which was about a mile from
the place where I was. When I came down from my apartment
in the tree, I perceived the fhip's boat two miles diftant ,n my
right-hand, lying on fhore, as the waves had caft her. I thought
to have got to her; but there being an inlet of water of about


half a mile's breadth between it and me, I returned again towards '
the fhip, as hoping to find fonmething for my mdre itnmediate
fu'. iil'te'-cr.' Ab.nt noon, w'en the fea was calm, that I could
sonre within a quarter .of a mile of her, it was to my griet I
perceirved, that, if we had kt pt on b.zard all cur lives.had been
fae; Thefe thoughts, and myfoiitnde drew tears from my
eye, :totih'i all in vain. So refolvirg to get to the fhip, I firip-
p .1 'rd I-.1pt into tre water, when lw;mming rourd her, I
was afraid I flould not get any thing to lay hold.of; but it
was my good tortune t efpy a inall piece of rope hang dwwn
by the fore chains, fo low that, by the help of it, though with,
girt dJ ficwri,, I got into the for-eaale of the fhip. IHere I
found that the -hip was bulged, and had a great, deal. of Water.
in her ho'd: her ftern was lifted up agamft a ba-k, a.d her
head alm.nft to the water. All h-r quarter and what was there,
*was free and dry. Tte provisions I found in goc'd order,.
with which I crammed my pockets, and lcfi'g no time, ate
while I was: ding other things: I alfo found fome rum, 'f.
which I took .a -hearty dram,: and cow I wanted for nothing :
except a\b 'at, which mnded was all, to carry away what was
heediful for me.
SN(tceffi:y occafiorn quicknefs of thought. We had several
fare yards, a fpare topmaft or two,,and, two or three large
fpars of wood. With thefe I fell to work, and flung as many
of the, overboard as I could manage, tying every one of them
with a rope, that they might not drive away. This done, I
went down to the Chip's fide, and tyed f'ur of them faft topeth-
er at both endF, in form of a Taft, and laying two or three Thdrt
piec-'s of p'ank upon them eroffwife, I found it would bear me,
but not any confid-,rable weight. Upon which I.went to work
again, cutting a fpare topmaft into three lengths, adding-them
to my raft with, a great deal of labour and pains. I then
considered what I holdd load it w.th, it being notable to
bear a ponderous burden. And this I-foon thought of, tirfi lay-
ing upon it all the planks 'and 'boards I could get; next I
lowered down three of the feamen's cheits, after I had filled
them with bread, rice, three Dutch cheefes, five pieces of
dried goat's flefh, and fome European corn, what little the
rats had fpared : and for liqus, I fund several cafes of bo-,
ties belonging to dur skipper, in which were fome cordial wat-
ters, and four or five gallons;of rack, which I flowed by them-
felves. 'Ey this, time the tide beginning to flHw, I perceived.
my coat,,wadftcoat, and fhirt, fwim away, which'I had left on
the fhore;. as for my linen brteches and ffockirigs, I fwam
with, them to the fhip; but I foan found clothes en.-rrh,
thutigh I took no more than 1 wanted for the pr-feat My
eyes wvete chiefly on tools. .work with ; and aft :r a long
fearch,; I fund out the carpenter's chlft, which I got faf.: down.
onw my raft. I then lookedfor ars ad' ammunition, a.d ii.
C the

he great cabin found two good fowling pieces, two piftols, federal
powder horns filled, a mall bag of ihot, and two old rufty
words. Ilikewife found three barrels of powder, two of which,
were good, but the third had taken water, alfi two or three
broken oars, two faws,,an at, and a hammer. I then put to lea,
and in getting to'fhore had three encouragements, r. A fmooth
calm fea. 2. The tide rising and getting in to fhore. 3. The
little wind there was blew towards the land. After I had failed
about a mile, I find the raft to drive a little diffance from tire
place where I firft landed ; and then I perceived a little opening
of the land, with a strong current of the tide running into it:
upon which I kept the middle of the ftream. But great was my
concern, when on a fudden the lore part of rmy raft ran a
ground, fo that had I not, v ith great difficulty, for near half
an hour, kept my back training against the chefts to keep my
Seffe9ts in their places, all I had would have gone into the fea.
But after fome time, the riling ofthe water caufed the raft to
float again, and coming up a little river with land on bnth
fides, I landed in a little cove, as near the mouth' a poffible,
the better to discover a fail, if any fuch providentially paffed
that way.
Not far off, I efpied a hill of flup-ndous height, furounded-
with leffer hills about it, and thither I was resolved to go and
vie the country. that I might fee what pait was beft, to fix my
habitation. Accordingly, arming myself with a pistol afowling-
piece, powder and ball, I afcended the'mountain. T:nere I per-
ceived I was in an illaud, encompaffed by the fea; no distant
lands to be feer but scattering rocks that lay to the weft : that it
seemed to be a barren place, and, as I thought, inhabited only
by wild beafts. I perceived abundance of fowls, bu' ignorant
of what ki::d, or whether good for no.riihment; I flot one of
'them at my return, which rccafioned a confused screaming
among the other birds, and I found it, hy its colours a;d beak, to
be a kind of a hawk, but its fl h was perfect carrion.
When 1 came to my raft, I brcugth my effects on flore, wh;ch,
work pent that day entirely ; an: fearing, that o-.e cruel beafts
might devour me in the nighti time while I flept, I made a kind of
hut or barricade, with the chefts and boards 1 had brought on
fhore, That night I flept very coptfortably; and the next morn-
..ing my'thoughts were employed to make a further attempt oor
the Ihip, and bring away what neceffaries I c :id find, before
another ftor n fi sid b-eak her to pi-ces. Accorcirgly I got on
board as before, and prepared a second raft tar more nice then
the firfl,.apon which I Sr.. l-h.t iwav the carpenter's stores, two
or three bags full of nai';,. grr ,' jack-fcrew, adozen or two of
hatchets, and a grind-ftone. Iaifo took away several things that
belonged to the. gunner, particularly two or-t4ree iron crows,
twobarrels of mufket-bullets, another fowling-prece, a finill
quantity of powder, und a iarge bagful of fall fhot. Befidres


thefe, I took all the men's clothes'I could find, a fpare fore top-
fail, a hammock, and fome',bedding; and thus comp-etmng. nty
second cargo, I made all the hafte to more I could, fearing
fome wild beat might def.roy'what I had there already. But
I only found a little wild cat fitting on one of the chests, which:
feeling not to fear me or the gun that I presented at her, I
threw her a piece of bifcuit, which fhe inltaitly ate,. and
SWhen I had gotten thefe effects on fhore, I went to work in,
order to make me a lhitle tent with the fail and fome poles,
which I had cut for that purpose ; and having linifhed it, what
things might be damaged by the weather I brought in, piling
all the empty chefts and cafls in a ciicie, the better to fortify
it against any fudden attempt of man or beat, After this, I
blocked up the dcors with fome boards, and an empty chet,.
turned the long way "out. I the-n charged my gun and piftol
and laying my bed on the ground, flept as comfortably, till
next morning, as though I had been in a chriftian country.
Now, though-I had enough to fibliff me a long time, yet de-
fpairing ofafudden deliverance, or that both ammunition and
provision might be fpent before fiuch a thing happened, 1 co-
seted as much as I could ; and fu long as the thip remained in.
that condition, f daily brought away one necefFary or other ;
partieularlythe rigging, fails, 'and' c.rdage, fome twine, a bar-
rel of wet powder, fomefugar, abarre! of meal, 3 caiks of rum, &,
whatindeed wasmoftvwelcome to me, a whole hoghead ofbread'
The next time I went I. cut the cables in pieces, carried off a
hawfer whole, with a great-deal of iron work, and made an-
other raft with the mizen and fprit-fail-yard ; but this being fo'
unweildy, by the too heavy burden I had upon it, and not
being able fo dextrogfly to guide it, as the former, both my
cargoand I were overturned. For my part, all the damage I
fuftained was a wet ikin; and,.at low water, after much labour
in diving, I' got moft of the cables, and fome pieces of iron.
Thirteei days I had now been in the ifland, and eleven times
on board, brig'ing away a>, that was peffib'e/.and, I believe, had
the weather been calm,I houid, have brought away the whole ihip
piece by piece. As I was go!n thetwelfth time, the wind began
to rife; however, I vnopured at law water, and rummaging the
cabin, in locker I found feveraf razors, fciffors, and fome dozens
of knives and forks ; and in another thirty-fix pounds in pieces
of eight, silver a:d pcld. Ah Ifimple vanity, !ai I world fo much do/er on, where is now thy virtue, thy excellency to
me? Tou cannot procure me one thing neediful nor remove me
from this defolate fRland to a place of plenty. One of thrfe knives,
fo meanly efleteme,, is to mne more preferable than all this heap. E'en
therefore remain luhere thou art, to ink in the deep as unre-
yarded, even as a creature vwhofe life is not wo':th preferring.
Y&t, after all this exclamation, I wrapt it up in a piece of canvas,


and began to think :f making another raft; but I fion perce'v-
ed the wind begin to arife, a 'rch gaie blowing fr m t e fhl re,
anf the Iky overc!ft wi h cl:i is aid d:rkn i ; fo thinking a
a raft to bh in va-., I let mvf !F in-' the water. )vth what thiiig
I had about me, and it was with much difficulty I got alhore,
when Ib in after it blew a fearful form.
That night I flept very contentedly in my little tent, furnounn-
ed.with all my effect- ; but when I1 .oked out in the mrnrning
no more fhip waS to be 'eer. This march lurp,-ifed me for the
prflent; yet, when I considered 1 had loft no tinm, aba'ed no
pairs, and had ,ot every thing u'e.'tl out of L: r, I eomnf ted
mvfel' in 'h- beit manner, and entirely fb:nitted to t-e will of
My next thoughts w:re, how I fthuld dffnrd aid fecur" my-
felf fr-'m !avages and wild beafts, if any fitch were in the iflin .
At onetime. I thought ofdigging a a.-v, at another 1 w:as or
erecting a tent; and, at 1-ngth, I r.folved to do both : The,
manner or form of which will not, I hope, be unpleafing to
When I confidercd the ground where I wa-, that it was
mo..ri!h, and had no trtfh water near it,- my rotlutions we're
to fearch for a foil i, alihy an' wel watered, where I might
not omny be Iheltered from the tun's fcorching heat, b,'r be more
conveniently situated, as well to be secured from wdd nmen
and neair of prey, as more easily to discover any distant tfa!,
should it ever f- !ha-pen.
And, indeed, it was not long before I had my desire. I found
a little pain near a .:fitg hill, the front towards which being as
itep as a houe fide, rothing could d fger.d on me from the ton.
.On the fide of this rock was a little hoillw p-lace, r i-nlr'g
the entrance or door of a cave. J;t .-before this place;
on the circle of tne green, I resolved my t:nt thou!d ftand.
This plain did not much exceed a hundred yards brad, and a-
abcu twice ,as long, iike a delightful green, before rny door,.
with a pleating, though an irregular delcent e'ery way to the Irw
grounds by the fea.lid-,,!ying on the N. W.J.ide. o the hill, fo
that i.was fhidteredf rom' the exceffive heat of the .un. .fter.
this, I drew a femri-circ e, c: Ofaining 'ten yardss in a femi-diamre-
ter. 'rd twenty vards in ,he wh'-e, driving down '.wo rcw3
of ftrong flake, not 6 inches from e.ch other. Then w:th tne
pieces of cab!e which I haj cut on board, I reguiiiv i laid then
in a cirice between the piles up to their tops, which were more
than, five f.et out of tie earth, an I after drove another rcwv of.
pifes lor'-ing within fide asainL them, between two or three
ieet high, whici md:de me co,.cude it a litt e impregnable caffle
against mEen and be.fts. And for my better security I would
have no dcor, b':t entered in and came out by the help of a
ladder, which I ai!b made.



--- --i ------~.
----: ---- --
= ;-=L~=


/-; .-B-;~ ;-

4Y'*4 -

I *7

ROBINSON CRUSOE building his Castle.

Dr. Eng. by 21. Carse, Edin.


Here was my fence and fortrefs, into which I carried all my
riches, ammunition, and stores. After which, w. ring on ihe
,rock, what with dirt and stones I dug out,' I riot rnl. 'r itf 3
my ground two f. et, b:it made a little cellarto my i.ii n-
houle; and Lhic'coft n e many days labour a:d pains. OCne
day in_-prtic-.lar a fhewer of rain calling, thunder/.and light-
ning eniu d, which put me in terror Ieft my pow.ier- flbo.ld
take fi.e, and not onlyhirder my -neceffry 'ib 'ni., by
killing me food, but even bltw, up me and my habiai) m.
To prevent which, I feil to m.kipg boxes and bags, in order,
to ieptrate it, having by me near i5olb. weight. And thus
being eftabifihed as king of the island,' every dayI went but
with my gun to fee what I could kil tiat- was fit to eat. I
foon perce'vcd numbers of goats, but very fh,,'yet -avilg
watched them narrtwlv, and feeing I could better fhiot
off the rocks than when in the low grounds, I bappeia-d-ti
ihoot a he-goat buckling a young kid; which not tiiik;;~, its
damr fiin, food by .her unconcerned-; and w-.en I took 0 e
.dead creature up, the young one followed. m- even to the In-
clofiute. I lifted the k1d over the pales, and wo'lI .. 1li,,. vl .
have kept it alive; b-t finding-it could not. be br. ily'.ctlo.
eat, I wa. forced to flay it alfo for my fubfifte"ce.
Thus entered inro as ftrange a fcene of'lif_ as ever ary'man
Swasin,Ihad mbttmelancho!y ap:r '.en!i .n ; Pc r,'r, myde-
plorable condition: and many timesthr t:e at.r;i Vu'd pl in f ll
run down my face, w'en I confidred how i v h', rr-.l iorn
all common cationv ith hu:an kind.. Yet winie -h r- ,.,p,,.!- .
ih t-cogitations would.-feem to'make nm actcfih IPr' ,.,-ci-,
other good thoughts. would interppfe and reprove me a'ter this
manner: Weli, fiupoting you are deft ate, is it not b.:tt.- t& b.
fo than totally. pbrifth ? Why, were :you singled -,ut t'. e aved,
and the reft destroyed ? Why mfould youth comppainj when cot
only ycur lift ii pr.ferved, but tlie thip .!ri.n ecn intoyo ir
rnach, in ordor to take wl at w c., c ift r ct f nerfor your'
'fnb-fitence ? But to proceed. It 4was, by thfaiccount I'kcpt' t .e
i .'oh of Septe:mber, when i first -la,,ded on this inflnd. About
twelve days a-ter, fear:' g tift I fhl rfid h: fme y rLck-mnihg f:-..-,
Say, even 'orget the Sabbath days, for war.t o pen, ink, a'nd
F.p r. I carved wih a ki3ite no.or ar:.r;. pof,iTre-t i et;:r-;' and
I.: t no; in the fim;itude f a cro: :-, ci' -e i-li whv-te.I
la ded, I CAM;E ow SHaRE, S.p. 30 r659. 'Eve y day I cut i
rotc! \,ith my kni.e.on -e lid-s of tua square pofi, and that
on the 5 bbath was as'l .ng %gain as the r:ft ; and every lift day
of the month as long again as that 1 .ng'oie. In this mirn.nner I
kept ry calen:!-r, weekly, montMly': .r y ar;v reckaiiig of
time. hut had I male a m-orc ftrif iearc: (as aderw'uds I di'd}
I needed not have fet up t'.is mark ; fr -a:n t:g the pares.
l.-i ".. ; to the gunner, carpenter, and captain's m.at ,1 foitnd
ttiL'i. 'try things I wanted; particularly pens, ink, and p:per;


alf I found two or three compaffes, fome mathematical infiru-
mrnts, dials, pelfpedive giiffes, books of navigation, th-ee
Eihglih Bibl- and several other gcod b.)oks, which I cai-efull
put up.--H-re I cannot but call to mind our having a dog ani
two cats cn boatd, whom I made inhabitants with me in m-
cattle,. Though one migh-t think i had a!l the n;c ral les that
were defirabie, yet fill I found federal things wanting. Mv ink
was daily waiting; I wanted needles, pins, and rt'read t mend
or keep my clothes together; and particularly a fladw, pickax,
or shovel, to remove the earth. It was a year btefoe I i:-ithed
mylittle bulwark ; and.having fome interv..s of relaxati n, after
my daiiy wandering, abroad for provifi ,n, I drew up this pla:,
alternately, as creditor and debtor, to remind-me of the miifries
and bleffings of my life, under fo many various c*rcum.ltaces;

I arn cari upon a defolate ifl-
and, having no hpest, noprojped
of a wecirme deli-verance.
Thus mlferably am I Jingled
out from the enjoyment or com-
paiy of all mankind.

Like an hermit (rather should
I fay a lonely anchoriie) am I
forced from h mwan con'eerfa'ion-
MyIy d.othes if'er fome time will
be worn out; and then I/hall hae
none to to-'r me.

G-O 0 D.
B',t yet I am preferred, while
my companions are peri/hed in the
raging ocean,
Yet fet apart to befpared from
death. And he, who ha fo prefer-
ved me, can deliver me from this
However, Ihave food to eat,
and even a hafpy p jpet offib-
fJifence whi / li/e cndu:es.
At prefenit enjoy what is ab-
folutely needful; and the climate is
fo hot, that had I never fo many,
1 nloold hai-dlv wear them.

'.7hen my ammunition is wafled, Tet ifit does, Ij e no danger o1
Sti en hall I remain without any any hurt to me, as in Africa.:Ana
defence again :,wild 'men and what if I had heen carf away,
eaJts. upon that coaft.
Ibhave no creature, no flul to I there not God to converfe to,
fpeak to; none'to beg ,' : e. and is not he able to relieve t ee ?
Jrom. Some comfort would it be to A.'ready has he affo ded thee fuf-
-.re/und my woes where I am tn- tenance, and pa, it in thy power
'. and beg aj fitance where to provide for thflf l till he fends
1'1.'.,i hope for elief. thee a deltverailre.
,;And new eating my mind a lite by thefe r flh &ons, I began
to render my iife as eafy as poffib1e.
.. I muft here add, to the defription I have given of my hiabta-
t.on, that having raised a turf wall against the outside of it, I
thatched it fo clofe as might k, ep it from the inclemency of
the weather; I alob improved it within, enlarged my c-vN, an 1
made a paffag,- and door in the rock, w'ich cam, out b yond
the pale of my fortification. I next proceeded t- make a citair
and a table, and fi began to ftudy fuch mechai ical arts as
feem d



seemed to me pracicable. When I wanted a plank or board, I
hewed down tree with my hatchet, making it as thin with
my ax as pcffible, and then fmooth enough with an adz to an--
Iwr my dtfigns : yrl! though I could make no more this way
than one board out of a tree, in length of time I got boards
enough to Ihelter all my stores, every thing being regularly
placed, and my guns fecnrely hanging against the fide of the
rock. This made it a very ple4ant fight to me, as baking the
result of vaft labour and diligence; which leaving for a while,
and me to the enjoyment of it, I hall give the reader an ac-
count of my Journal from the day of my landing, till the fix-
ing and fettling of my habitation, as heretofore fhown.

September 30, 1659. I unhappy Robinfon Crufoe, having.fuf.
fered fhipwreck. was driven on this defolate Ifland, which I
named the Deolate Ifland of Defpair, my companions being
swallowed up in the tempeftous ocean. The-next day I fpent
in consideration of my unhappy circumstances, having no pro-,
fpza but cf death, either to be ftarved with hunger, or devour-
ed with beats or merchtefs favages.
O~. I. That morning, with great comfort, I beheld the fhip
drove ashore. Some hopes I had, that when the ftorm was a-
bated 1 might be able to get bome food and neceffaries odt
of her, which I conceived were fot damaged, because the fhip
did ftand upright. At this time I lamented the lofe of my com-
panions, and our misfortune in leaving the veffel. When I per-
ceived the fhip as it were lie dry, I waded through the fands,
then fwam aboard, the weather being very rainy, and with
fcarcely any wind.
To the 14th of this month, my time was employed in making
voyages, every tide getting what I could out of th'ihip. The
weather very wet and uncertain.
Ot. 20. My raft and all the goods thereon were overfet; yet
I recovered moft again at low water.
O8. 35. It blew hard, and rained night and day, when the
"hip went in pieces, fo that nothing was feen of-her but the
wreck at low water. This day I secured my goods from the
inclemency of the weather.
08 26. 1 wandered to fee where I could find a-place conven-
ient for my abode. I fixed upon a rcck in the evening, marl,
ed ont a half-moon, intending to ere' a wail, fortified with
piles, lined within with pieces of cables, and covered with
Nov. r. I eret6ed my tent under a rock, and took up. my
lodgings .vty contentedly in a hammock that night.


N av. 2. This day I fenced myfelf in with timber, chefts, and
Nov,. I ihot two wild fowl, refembling ducks, which were
good to eat, and in the afternoon made me a table.
Nov 4. I began to live regularly. In the morning I allowed
myfelf tivo or three hours to walk out with my gun; I thea
worked till near eleven o'clock, and afterwards refrefhed myfelU,
with what I had to eat.- From twelve to two I would lie down
to fleep. Extremely fultry weather. In the evening go to
work again.
SNov. 5. Went out with my gun and dog, thot a wild ca
with a foft fkin, but her flefh was good for nothing. The fkinsc
of thofe I killed, I preserved. In my return, I perceived many
wild birds, [and was terrified by fome feals which made off
to fea.
Nov. 6 Completed my table.
,'Nov. 7. Fair weather. I worked till the irth, but omitted
the IIth, which, according to my calculation, I fuppofed to
be Sunday.
Nov. 13. Rain in abundance, which, however, much cooled
the air; with thunder and lightening, caused in me a terrible
furprife.- The weather clearing, I fecured my powder in fepa-
rate parcels.
\Nov. r4-16. I made little boxes for my powder, lodging
them in federal places. I alfo -flot a large fowl, which proved
excellent meat.'
VNov., I7. I began to dig in the rock, yet was obliged to defift
for want of a pick-ax, shovel, and wheel-barrow. Iron crows I
caufed to fupply the place of the firft; but with all my art I
could not make a wheel-barrow.
Nov. 18. It was my fortune to find a tree, resembling what
Brazilians call an iron tree. I had like to have' fpoiled my
ax with cutting,it, being very hard and exceedingly heavy; yet
with much labour & induary, I made a fort of a fpade out of it.
Nov. z Thefe tools beiiig made, I daily carried on my bufi-
nefs; eighteen days I allowed for enlarging my cave, that it
might ferve me, not only for a warehoufe, but kitchen, parlour,
and cellar. I commonly lay in the tent, unlefs the weather was
rainy chat I cou'd not lie dry. So wet would it be at certain
feafons, that I was obliged to cover all within the pale with
long poles, in the form of rafters, leaning against the rock, and
loaded them with flags and large leaves of trees, refembhng a
Dec. Ic. No fooner did I think my habitation finiffed, but
fiddenly a great deal to the top broke in, fo that it was a mercy
I was not buried in the ruins. This occafioned a great deal of
pains and trouble to me, before I could make it firm and


Dec. 17. I nailed up fome shelves and drove nails and flaples
in the, wall and pots to hang things out of the way.
Dec. ao. Every thing I got into its place, then made a fort of a
dreffer, and another table.
Dec. 24. SO. Rain in abundance.
Dec. 26. Very fair weather.
Dec. 27. I chanced to light -on fcme goats, fot one and
wounded another. I led it home in a firing, bound tup its l1g,
and cured it in a little time ; at length it became fo tamre and ta-
miliar as to feMa before the door, and .follow me where I plea.
ed. This put me in mind to bring up tame creature, in order
to fiLpply me with ford after my ammunition was fpent.
Dec. a8, 29, 30. The weather being exceflively hot, with lit-
tle air, obliged me for the moft part, to keep within doors.
Jan. I. Still fultly, however, obliged by neceflity, I went out
with'iny gur, and found a great ftore of goats in the valleys;
they were exceedingly flih, nor could my dog hunt them down.
Jan. 3 to 14. My employment this time was to finifli the
wall before described, and fearch the island. I discovered a kind
of pigeons like our houfe-pigeonis in a neft among the rocks. I
brought thn.m home, nurfed ti-em till they could fly, and there
they left me. After thief, I fhot fome, which proved excellent
-food. Some time I fpent va;nly in contriving to inake a calk;
I may well fay it was vain, because I could neither joint the
,taves, nor fix the headF, fo as to.make it tight: So, leaving
that, took fome.goat's tallow I had about.me, and a little okum
for the wick, and provided myfeif with a lainp, which served
me inftead of candles.
But now a very strange event happened. For being in the
height of my ifarch, what should come into my hand, but a
hag, which was u'ed to hold corn (as I fuppofed' for the
fowls; fo immediately revolving to put.gun-powder in it, I
hook all the hufks and dirt upol one fide of the rock,-little
expecting -what the confequende wculd be. The rain had falr
Ien plentifully a few days before ; and about a month after, to
my great amazement, something began to lock out Nvry green-
and flourithing.; and when I can e to view it more nicely, every
day as it grew, I found about ten or twelve ears of green bar.
ley appeared in the very fame fhape ar.d make as that in Eng-
I'.can fcarce express the agitations of my mind at this fight.
flitherto I had looked uprn the aCtions of this life no other-
wife than only as the events of blind chance and fortune. But
now the appearance of th's barley, flourifhin .in a barren f-il,
alid my ignorance in not conceiving how it fhoild come there,
made me conclude that miracles 'were notyet ceased.: nay, I even
-thought that God had appointed it to grow there without any
feed, purely for my fuftenaace in this miferable and defolate
Wfland. And indeed fuch great cfedt this had upon me, that


it often made me melt into tears, through a grateful fenfe of
God's mercies; and the greater fill was my thankfulnef,, when
I perceived about this little held of barley fome rice talks, alfo
wonderfully fl urifhing.
SWhile thus p'eafed in mind, I concluded there maft be more
corn in the ifl.nd ; and therefore made a diligent fearch nar-
rovly among the rocks; but rot-be;ng able to find any,-on a
fudden it came into my mind, how I had fhaken the huiki. of
corn out of the bag, and then my admiration ceafed, with.Triy
gratitude to the Divine Being, as thinking it ewas but natural,
and not to be conceived a miracle; though even the manner
of its pref ration might have made me own it as a wonderful
event of Gcd's kind providence.
It was about the latter end of June when the ears of this
corn.ripened, which I laid up very carefully together with so or
;3o talks of rice, expecting one day I fhotld reap the fruit of
my labou ; yet four years were expired before I could allow
myfelf to cat. any barley-bread, and mucn longer time before I
had any rice. After their, with indefatigable pains and industry
for three or fcu? months, at laft I finished my wall on the I4th,
Sr.f Apri', having no way to go into it, but by a ladder against
'the wall.
April 16. I finiffed my ladder, and afcended it; afterwards
-pulled it up, then let it down on the other fide, and defended
.into my new habitalion, where I had fpace enough, arid fo
fortified that nothing could attack me, without fcaling the
SBut what dres all human pains and industry avail, if .the
,bit-ing of God does not crown our labours? Or who can fand
Before the Almighty, when he ftretchth forth his arm ? Fcr one
time as I 'aas at the actrance of my cave, there happened inch a
Dreadful earthquake, that not cnly, the roof of the cave came
.rumbling about my carr, but the pcfls feemed to crack terribly
at the fime time. This put me in great amazemesment; and
running to the ladder, and getting over the wall, 1,then plainly
knew it was an earthquake, the place I flood on inftaining three
terrible flocks in lefs than three minutes. But judge of my
terror when I faw the top of a great rock roll into the fea; I
Then expected the ifland would be Iwallowed up evcry moment:
And what made the icene ftill more dreadful, was to 'ee the fa
thrown into the moft violent agitations and disorders by this
tremendous accident.
F, For my part I ftfod like a criminal at'the place of execution
ready to expire, At the moving cf the earth, I war, as it were,
fea-fick; and very much afraid left the rock, under which wa-
my fence and habitation, hfhould overwhelm it and .yielf in a
laftig tomb.
SWhen the third dreadful ihock had fpmnt itfelf, my fpirits
began to revive; ytt iil I would not venture to alcend the
1) a ladder


ladder, but continued fitting, not knowing what I should do. So
little grace had I then, as only to fay Lord have mercy upon me !
and no fooner -was the earthquake over, but that pathetic pray-
er left me.
It was not long after, when a horrible tempeft arofe, at the
fame time attended with a huricane of wind. The fea seemed
mountains high, and the waves roiled fo impetoufly, that nothing
could be perceived but froth and foam. Three hours did this
Itorm continue, and in fo violent a manner, as to tear the very
'trees up by the roots, which was succeeded by abundance of
rain. When the Tempeft was over I went to my tent: but the
xain coming on in a furious manner, I was obliged to take fhel-
ter in the cave, where I was forced to cut a channel through
my fortification to let-the water out. It continued raining all
that night, and fome time the next day. ThefL accidents made
me refolve, s foon as the weather cleared up, to build ine a lit-
tle hut in fome open place, walled round to defend' me from
wild creatures and ravages; not doubting but at the next earth-
quake, the mountain would fall upon my habitation and me,
and wallow up all in its bowels.
April i6--o. Theie days I foent in contriving how and in
what manner I should fix my place of abode: All this while I
was under the moft dreadful aporehenfions. When I looked
round my habitation, every thing I found in its proper place.
I had several refalutions whether I should move or not; but at
length refolved to flay where I was, till 1 found cut a canve-
nient'place where I might pitch my tent.
April 2%. When 1 began to put my rcfolutions, in practice,
J was ftopt for want of tools and instruments to work with.
Moft of my axes and hatchets were ufelefs, occafioned by cut-
ting the hard timber that grew on the island. It took me up
a full week to make my grind-ftone of life to me, and at laft I
lound out a way to turn it about with my foot, by help of a
wheel and a ftring.
April 28 29. Thefe days were fpeut in grinding my tools.
April 3.o. My bread falling thort, I allowed, myfef but one
biscuit a'day.
May I, As I walked a'ong the fea fhore, I found a barrel of
gun.povder, and feveral pieces of the wreck, th. fea had flung
up. Having fecuir d thofe. 1 made to the thip, whole fiern was
torn off, and wafted a great diftance afthre ; but the reft lay
in the fands. Tuis I fupp fe w -s ccafi;uned by the earthquake.
I now re'o!ved to keep my c.ld place of ab;ode; and aifo to gp
to the flup that day, but then f und it imo- ffibe.
May i. This day I went on board, and with my f.w fawed
off one of the beams, which kept her quarter-deck. I then elear-
ed the fand till flood.
May 4. I caught fome fifh, but they were not wholefome,
The lame 4ay I alfo catched a young dolphin,


May 5; This day I alfo repaired to the wreck, and fawed'a-
nother piece of timber, and when the fl:od came, I made a.
float of three great planks, which were driven altore by the
May 6, 7, 8, 9. Thefe davs I bl ought off the iron bolts, opened
the d:ck with the ir,'n cr.w, a:d carried t'vo planks to land,
having made a way into the very middle of the wreck.
May iq, Ii, 1, T3, 14. All this time [-fp:nt in bringing off
great quantities of iron and tim.b-r.
.May 15. iook with me t vo hat,hets on purple to cut off
-fone lead-from the ro!., but all in-vain, for it lay too loW under
SMlay x6. I omitted goiig to the wreck this day, for employ.
ing mylef in looking t. r pireous, I outftaid.my time.
May 7. I pzreeived several pieces of the wreck driven afhore,
which 1 found beli.ned to the head of the lhip.
May 24. To-this day I worked err the wreck, and with great
difficult. Io f:ned f.,me things to much with the crow,-that.ar
the firft flowing tide fevera; cafks floated out, and many of the
feamen's chefts,'yet that day nothing came to land but pieces
of timber, -ad a hrgfhead wh:ch had' fomeHBrazil- p rk in it.
I continued working to the i;th of June; (except neceffiry
times FKr food and ret) and had I known how to have built a
boat, I'had timber and planks enough I had alfo near Ioo
weight of (heet lead.
zune 16 As I was wandering towards the fea-fide, I found a
laige t.,rtoife or turtlh, -inig the firft I had feen on the island,
though, as I afterwards found, there were many on the other
fide of it.
June 17. This day I fpent in cooking it, found in her three-
fcore eggs, and her ffeii the moft lavoury and plaaiant I ever
tate.l in my life..
June 18. i flaid within this fday, there being a continual rain;
andit was fomewhat more chilly and cold-than ufual.
Yune i9. Exceedingly bac,,. being taken with a trembling and
Jun- 0o. Awake ak night, my head racked with pain and
sune z1. Sick unto death, and terrified with the difmal ap--
prehi-ni :ns of my condition. Prayed to God more frequently,
but very confu.fed y.
rune 22. S methiug better, but ftill uneafy in my mind
:fune 23. Again ireapfed much as before.
fune 24. Meiaded a fecond time.
yl:e a;. A violent agiu. for even hours, cold and hot fits
fucc:eded with faint fw.-ats.
June -6. Better, but very weak,'yet I.fcraimled out, fliot
a fh -goat, brought it home an broiled f me of i ; I would
willingly have fteved it, and made'Tome broth, but had, no pod
D 3 Juns


.Yune 7 All this day I was afflited with an ague'; thirty,
yet could not help myfelf to water: Prayed to God in thefe,
words: Lord, in pity look upon me Lord, have mercy upon m :
bave mercy upon me! After this I fell asleep, which I found
had much refrethed me when I awaked. i fell faft aleep a
second -time, and fell into this ftrange and terrible fort of
Metbought I was fitting on the fame fpot of ground at the
outfide of the wall where I fat when the form blew after the
earthquake ; and that I faw a man descending from a great black
cloud, and alight upon the ground. He was all over as bright
-as a flafh of fire that a little before furrou.ded him; his coun-
tenance inconceivably terrible ; the earth as it were trembled
when he fiept upon the ground, and fafhes of fire seemed to,
fidl all the air. No fooner I thought him landed upon the
earth, but with a long fpear, or other weapon, lie made towards
me ; but firft ascending a rising ground, his voice added to my
amazenment, when I thought I heard him pronounce thefe dread-
ful words, Unhappy qwretchi feeling all thefe things have not
brought the to repentance, thou jhalt immediately die. In pro-
nouncing this dreadful sentence, I thought he went to kill me
with the pear that was in his hand.
Any body may think it impofible for me to exprefs the. hor-
rars of my mind at this vifion : and even wnen I awaked, this
very dream made a deep impreffion upon my mind. The little
divine knowledge I had, I received from my father's inftruftions,
and that was worn out by an uninterrupted feriks of fea-faring
impiety for eight years fpace. Except what ficknels f,:rced
from me, I do not remember I had one, thought of lifting up
my heart towards God, but rather h~ a certain ftupidity of
foul, not having the leaft lenfe or lear of the Omnipotent Be-.
ing when in difirefs, nor of gratitude to him Jor his deliver-
ances. Nay, when I was on the ddp-rate expedition on the
desert African fhore, I cannot remember 1 had one thought ot
what would become of me, or to beg his consolation and atffit-
ance in my fifferings and diftrefs. When the Portugal captain
took me up, aad honourably ulfd me, nay, farther, when 1 was
even delivered from drowning by escaping to this island, I never
looked upon it as a judgment, but only laid I was an unfortu-
nate dog, and that's all. Indeed, fome secret tranfpbrts- of
foul I had, which was not through grace, but only a common
flight otjoy, that I was vet alhvc, when my compant,ns wvAe all
drowned, and no other jo could I conceive bat vhat is com-
mon with the sailors over a bowl of punch, alter they have ef-
caped the greatest danger.
The likelihood of wanting for neither food nor conveniences,
vught have called upon me for athankfui acknowledgment to
Providence. Indeed, the growth of my corn touched me with
lome ken e but-that foon wore offagain. The terrible earth-


take pointed to me, as it were, the finger of God,' but my
dreadful amazemrent continued no longer than its duration. But
now, when my spirits began to fink under the burden of a strong
diftemper, and I could leifiurely view the sideries ot death pre-
fent themselves before my eyes, then my awakened conscience
began to reproach me with my paft life, in wnich I had fo
wickedly provoked the justice of God to pour down hisven-
geance upon me.
Such reflections as thefe opprefed me even in the violence of
diftemper. Some prayers I utter ,d, which only procet ded from
the fear of death. But when I considered my father's advice and
prophecy, I c..uld not fibear weeping; for he told mr, That if
, did per/Jft in my folly, I,&ould not only he deprived of God's
bleFing, but have time enough to reflect up-n my dejp;/inng his in-
.frrcions, and this, in a wretched time, when naoe could help me.
And now concluding it tu be fulfilled, having no foul in thz island
to administer any comfort to me, I prayer earneftiy to the Lord,
that he wonid he:p me in this my gieat calamity. And this, I
think, was t!he firft iime I prayed in finccrity for many years.
But now I milf return to myj.:urnal.
June 28. Something refrefrh-d with fleep, ard the fit quite off,
I.got up. My dream fill oceafioned in me a great conftcrnatiun;
and; faring that the ague might return the succeeding day, I
concluded it time toget fi.mething to comfort me. I filed a
cafe bottle with water, and let it with n reach of my beo ; and,
to make it more nourifhing and lris chilly, I put lome rum in it.
The next thing I did was to brc ii me a piece of goat's flefh, of
which I ate but little. I was very weak; however, walked about,
dreading the return of my,dftemper;.and at night I fupped on
three of the turtle's eggs, which I roaftcd and ate, begging God's
-bkcfiing therewith.
After I had eaten, I attempted to walk again out of doors with
my gun; b.ut was fo weak, that I lat down, and looked at the
fea, which was fi(oith and calm. Whiki I continued here, thefe
thoughts came into my mind.
-In what manner i. the produ&ion of the earth and fea, ot
which I hace fecn fo much? From whence came myself, and all
other creatures living, and rfwhat are they mad:?
Our beings were affuredly created by fome almighty invisible
Power, who framed the earth the lea, and air, and all therein.
But what is that Pow-r ?
Certainly it muft follow that God has created it all. Yet, faid I,
if God has made all this lie muft b- the Ruler of them all, and
v'hati is rla'ilg thertto ; f"r certainly the Power t at -.afces,
mnuit indfpu ably have a power to puide and direct them. And
it th s be-ib, (as certa-nly it muft) nothing cah happen wio : ut
his kniowkidg, a.di .pooin'ment The fure'y, it nothing hap-
pens witnilc God's appo-ntment, certainly God has app intrd
thele my iufifrinugs to bcfal me. And here I fixed my lI*m be-

lief that it was his will that it should be fo.; and then proceeded
to enquire, w.iy should G.d deal with me in this manner? Or
what have 1 done thus to deferve his idignation
Here conlcience lew in my face, leprehending me as a b!af-
ptemer ; crying with a ~cud and piercing voice, Unworthy
wretch! how da'e )ou anq what you have none ? ,took on your
pat life, and fee what you halb left undone ? A/fi hfeif, why
thou wert not long ago in the mercileJs hands oI deuth ? Why
not drowned in rarmouth roads, or kil,-d in the fight, when
the Jhip wa., taken by the Sulaee man of war ? Wfhj not entomb-
ed in the bowels of wild beajil" on the African coa/l, or drown-
ed here whrn all thy companions suffered lhip'wreck in the
S truck dumb with tiere refleaions, I role up in a penfive
manner, being fo though ful that I cculd not go to fleep and
fearing the dreadful return o my diftemper, it caused me.to
remember, that the Brazilians ufe tobaccoo fir mnioft all diiea-
fes. 1 then went to my chelt in order to find fome, where Hea-
ven, no doubt, direded me to find a cure for both foul and
body; far there I found one of the Bb.es, which, till this time,
I had neither leifore nor iclination to loikl into, I took
both the tobacco and that cut of the cheft, and laid them on
the table. Several experiments did I try wi'h the tobacco;
Firft, I took a piece of leaf, and chewed it; but it being very
gpeen and flrong, almost finpifted me. N xt I .fiep.d it in
.;me fim an hour or lwo, revolving when I went to bed to
take a dole of it: and, in the third p'ace, I burnt tome over a
pan of fire, holding my noe over it as long as I could endure
it without nffobcation.
In the intervals cf this operationn though my head was giddy
and disturbed by thb tobacco, I t ok up the Bible to read. No
foonerdid I open it, but there appeared to me thefe words
Call on me in the day of trouble, and I will deliver thee, and
thoujhak glorify me.
At firft this ten ence made a very deep impreffion on my
heat, b':t it f;on wore offagain, when I considered the word
deliver, was f.rtign to me. A.nd ai the children ..,f Ifiael 'aid,
when ti.ey were iromifcd fiflh to rat, Can God fpread a table
in the wildernefs ? in like manner I began r. fay, Can God
himr,/i deliver me from this deflate land IHIawcver, the
words would flill return to my mind, and aftriw.'rds made:
a gitater impr..ffion iupi.nmne. As it was now very late, and
the tiibacco haci d. zad n.y head, I was inc iner t fleep : but
before I wcu d lie down I fell on my knees. a::d implored the"
promise tha God ha-! made to me in the; H ly Scr ptnres, that
if I called ,pon him in the day of trouble he wooula deliver me.
Wtrh- mucl d'ffic!ity 1 aftriwardc drank the rum w.erein I
had fleeped the tobacco, which flying into my h.ad, threw r,.e
intoifuh a profound fleep, that it was three o'clock the next


day before I awaked; or rather, I believe, I flpt two days,
having certainly loft a day in my account, and I could never tell
any other way. When I got up, my fiirits were lively aid
cheerful ; my ftomach much better, being very hungry; and,
in hort,' no fit returned the next day, which was the 29th,
but I found myfelf much altered for the better.
The 3oth, I went abroad with, my gun, but not far, and kil-
led a fea-fowl or two, resembling a brand goofe, which, how-
ever, I cared not to eat when I brought them home, but
dined on two more of the turtle's eggs. In the evening I renewed
my medicine, excepting that I did not take fo large a quantity,
neither did I chew the leaf, or hold my hr-d over the fmoke:
but the next day, which was the ift of Yuly, having a little re-
turn of the cold fit, I again took my medicine as I did the firft
Sy7dv 3, The fit quite left me, but very weak. In this con-
dition, I often thought of thefe words, I will-deliver thee; and
while, at fome times, I would think of the impiffibility of it,
other thoughts would reprehend me for difregarding the de-
liverances I had received, even from the mot- forlorn and dif-
trelsed condition. I afke~ mvfell, what regard have I had to
God for his abundant mercies? Have I done my part: He has
deliv-red. me, but I have not glorifed him :-as if I had laid, I
had not owned and been thankful for thefe as deliverances,
and how could I exped greater ? So much did this fenfibly
touch my heart, that I gave God thanks for my recovery from
ficknefs in the moft humble prostration.
July 4. This morning I began ferioufly to ponder on what is
written in the New Teftament, revolving to read a chapter eve-
ry morning and night as long as my thoughts would engage
me. As foon as I fet about this work frio:rtfly, I found my
heart deeply affected with the impiety of my p'it 1li ; there
words that I thought were fpoken to me in miy drern revived,
All thjfe things have not brought thee to repentance. Af;er
this, I begged of God to alift me wiih lis H:II!y Spi!it in re-
turning to my duty. One day in perufi-g the Scrriturtres,
came to thefe words, .He is exalted a Pr:nce and a S.-vour, to
give rep-ntance and to give rem lon : Immediately I laid down
the book, and with upiitted nandq to Heaven, lou iiy cried, 0
bleljed y-fi., thou fon of David, yJefs, thou exahed Prince and
Saviour, give me repentance And n,.w indee! 1 prayed with
a true lenfe of my condition, and a m:re certain hone, founded
on the word of God. Now I had a different feriie of there
words, Call on ma and I will deliver thee, that is from the
dreadiu load of guilt which oppreffed my finifl fbu!, and not
from a solitary life, which might rather be called a bluffing,
feeing I wanted neither food nor raiment, when compared
with living amongft the human race, iLrrounded with fb much
oppreffion, mitery, and aftflioin: in a word, I came to this


conclnfion, that a deliverance from fin was a much greater,
bleffing, than a deliverance from affliction. But again I pro-
ceed to my journal.
To the 14th of July, J walked about with my gun, little and
little at a time, having been reduced to the greatest extremi'y
of weakness. The applications and experiments I ufed were
perfec!y new: neither could I rcc nmmnnd them to any ohe's
practice. For though it carried cff the fit, it very much
weakened me, and I had frequently convulfions in my nerves
and limbs for. fome time. Frrm-this 1 learned, that going- a-
bread in rainy weather, especially when it was attended with
florms and hurricanes of wind, was moft pernicious to health.
J had now been about ten months in the island ; and as J
never had feen any of tl:e human kind, therefore accounted
myifelt as fo!e monarch; and-as I grew better, having f cu-
red my habitation to my mind, I refolved to make a-lour
round my kingdom, in order to make new difcoveries.
The i5th of /uly, I began my journey; I firft went to the
creek, where I had brought my rafts on Ihore; and travelling
farther, found the tide went no higher then two miles up, whtre
there was a little brook of running water, on the bank of.w!ich
were many pleasant favannahs or meadows, plain, smooth, and
covered with grals. On the rising parts, where I fuppfed the
water did not reach, I perceived a great deal of tobacco growing
to a very strong ftalk. Several other plants 1 likewise found, the
virtues of which I did not understand. I fearched a long time'
for the Caffava root, which I knew the Indians in that climate
made their bread of, but all in vain. There were federal plants
of alcee, though at that time I knew not what they were; iikle-
wife I faw federal figar canes, but imperfect for want of culti-
vatior. With thefe few discoveries, I came back that night, and
Ilept contentedly in my little caftle.
The next day, being the, i6th, going the fame way, bt far-
ther then the day before,I found the country ricre adorned with
woods and trees. Here I perceived different fruits in great
abundance. Melons in plenty lay on the ground, and clofters of
grapes, ripe and very rich, fpre'd over the trees. You may
imagine I was glad of this difcevery, vet a!e very sparingly, left
JIflhculd throw myfelfinto a flux 1 -- .:* T-e grapes I tound
of excellent ufe; for w.en Ihal ried them in the fun, which
preferred them as dried raifing aie kept, they proved very whole-
lome and nourifhing, and ferved me in tnhfe fcafons when no
grades were to be had.
SThe night drawing .-n apaco. I afeended up a tree, and flipt
very comfortably, though i was the li ft ti._e I had lain out of
my habitation. And when 1h mir.-,rnir' cam', 1 proceeded with
great pleasure on my way, I'.,v Iiir, ab.:.t four mile., as I ima-
gined, by the length of the v-Jey, dir Cting .'v c'.urf- north-
ward, there being a ridge of hills on the fouth and north fide ;of


~ase. At. the end of this valley, I came to an opening, where the
country seemed to defcend to the weft; there I found a little
spring of freih water, proceeding out of the fide of the hill, with
its chryftal firearms running directly eaft. And, indeed, here
my fenfes were charmed'with the moft beautiful landifcape
nature could afford; for the country appeared fl:uriliing,
green, and delightful, that to me it feemed like a planted
garden. I then defended on the fide of that delicious vale,
when 1 found abundance of cocoa, orange, lemon, and citron
trees, but very wild and barren at that time As for the
limes, they were delightful andwholefome, the juice of which
I after ufed to .mix in water, which made it very cooling
and refreshing. And now 1 was resolved to carry home and
lay up a ftore of grapes, limes, and lemons, against the ap-
*prcaching wet feafon. So laying them up in separate parcels,
and then taking a few of each with me, I returned to my
little caftle, alter having fpent three days in thisjourney- Be-
fore 1 got home, the grapes were fo bruised that they were.
,utterly spoiled; the limes indeed were good, but of thofe 1
could bring only a fey.
Yuly 19. Having prepared two bags, I returned thither a-
gain, but, to my great furprife, found all the grapes spread
about, trod to pieces, and abundance eaten, which made me
-conclude there were wild beafts thereabouts. To prevent this
'happening again, I gathered a large quantity of the grapes, and
hung them upon the,out branches of the tree, both to keep them
unburt, and that they might cure a.d dry in the fun : and
having well loaded myself with limes and lemons, 1 returned
once more to-my old place of residence.
And now contemplating on the fruitfulnefs of this valley,
and pleafantnefs of its situation, its security from ftlrms, and
the de'ightfulnefs of the adjacent woods, 1 concluded 1 was
fettled in the worft part cf the country, and therefore was
thinking to remove my habitation.
But when 1 considered again, that though it was p'ealant,
it was off from the fea-fide, where there was a poflibility,
fome time or other, a Ihip might either be dr.ven or fail by;
and that to inclofe myfedr among hills a-d woods muft certain-
ly put an efid to my hopes of deliverance ; 1 resolved to let-
my cattle remain where Providence had firft affigned it. Yet
fo lavished was 1 with this place, that i made me a little kind
of bower, farround ng it with a double hedge, as high as 1
.could reach, well flaked and filled with bullruihes: and hav-
ing fpent a great pirt of the month of fuly, 1 think it was
the firft of Aiuufl before 1 began to enjoy my labour.
Aug. 3. Perceiving my grapes to be drv, I took them from the
trees, and they proved excellent good raisins of the fun: the moft
of which I carried to my cave; and happy for me I did fo; by
which I faved the belt part of my winter food.


Aug. r4. This d:~y it began to rain; and though T had made
me a tent like the other, yet having no shelter of a hill to keep
me from forms, nor a cave behind me to retreat to, I was oblig-
ed to return to my old caftle. The rain continued more or lefs
every day, till the middle of O3ober; and sometimes fo violently,
that I could not ftir cut of my cave for several days. This fea-
fon I t und my family to increase; for one of my cats that ran
away from me, and which Ithought' had been dead, returned
about Augi/f, -with three kittens at her heels, like he felf, which
I thought ftrange, because both my cats were females, and the
wild cats of th. island seemed to be of a different kind from our
European cats; but from thefe cats proceeded fuch numbers, that
I was forced to kill and defaroy them as 1 would do wi;d beats
and vermin.-
To the 26th of this month,-] could not ftir out, it raining
inc:.ffantly; when beginning to want food, 1 was compelled to
venture twice, the firft of which 1 fhot a goat, and afterwards
found a very large tortoise. The manner of my regulating my
food was thus: a bunch of raifinsierved me for iny. breakfast; a
piece of goat's fleih or turtle boiled for my dinner, and two or
three turtle' eggs for my upper. While the rain lasted, 1 daily
worked two or three hours at enlarging my cave, and by de-
grees worked it on towards one fide, till 1 came to the outside of
the'hill, and made a door or way out, which came beyond my
fence or wall, and tb 1 came in and out this way. But after 1
had done thi', I was troubled to fee myfelf thus expofed; though
I cruldnot perceive any t-ing to fear, a goat being the biggest
creature I had feen up"n this ifand.
Sept. 30. Cafti'g up my.notches on my poll, vihich amounted
to 365, 1 concluded this to be the anniverfary ,f my landing;
and, therefore, humbly prcftrating myfelf on the, ground, con-
feffing my fins, acknowledging God's righteouS judgments up-
on me, and p saying to Jeflis Chrift to have mercy upon me,
1 fated for twelve hours till the going down of the iun ; and
then eating a bifci.it and a bunch of grapes, laid me on the
bed, and with great comfort took my night's repofe. Till
this time 1 never had diftinguilhed the Sabbath-day: but now
made a longer netch tian ordinary for the days of reft, and
divided the weeks as well as I could, though 1 fund 1 had
loft a day or two in my account. My ink tailing foon after,
I cmit*ed in my daily memorandum things of an indifferent na-
ture, & c-r tented myfelf t write down only the moft remark-
able events of my hfe. The iainy and dry feafons appeared
now regular to me, and experience taught me how to pro.
vide for them ; yet, in one thing I am going to relate, my
expcrience very much failed me. You may call to mind what
I have mentioned ct fome barlty and rice which I had faved;
about thirty ft.lks of the former, and twenty cf the latter;
and at that time., the tun being in its southern position, going


from me, together with thle rin- de me coalude it a verf
Pr..r. I fI to-in t r.Ane znly I dug up a piece of'
g._mnrd with mv f 1 i i dividing it into two parts,
It r, about two t ir eJ, prfrving by me about
h handful of each. And Pv Ix w I d1,i fo; for no ramins
f / aling, it was c- .k- and never appeared above the
earth till the wet fe came again, and then part of it.
grew, as if it had newly iown. .
I Was refolved to make another trili and seeking for .a
moifter piece round near my bower, I there fowed the ret
of my fe rFbruary, a little before the vernal equinox
Sfwhich h .the rainy months of March and April to water it,.
SieideO noble crop, and f prang. up very pleafantly. I had
d*th ..'j part of the feed, not daring to venture all; and by
.. timre I found out the proper feafons.to fow it in, and
. 'Ahat I might expect every year two fted-times-aid two harvefts,
Smy ftock amounted to above half a peck ofeach -fort of grain.
'" "No fooner were the rains over, but the itakes:which I had
cut from the trees, fhot out like willows the firiR year after lop-
ping their heads. I was ignorant ofthetree I cut them from.;
but they grew fa regularly beatitiful, that 'they made a moft
lively appearance, and fo flourified in three years time, that I
resolved to cut more of them ; and thefe foon growing made
a glorious fence, as afterwards I fliall obfervej
: And now I perceived that the feafoans of the year might
generally be divided, not. into funmmer and winter, as. in Eu-
rope, but intowet and dry feafons, as in this manner:

S February, -
Half March, L Rainy, fun coming'near the Equinox.
;* April, ,. J1
j April,

Half Junle, Dry, fui getting north of the LY.e
Augurt, ") -
( Half-{ Se'ptem.-er, Wet, the'fun being then .come back ,
Novemb-r, |
Hilf D-cember, Dry, fun runinng fouth of thl Line.
r i ~br

hlCe wetl-Waons wounl c-ntinue longer or Ihir7. r, the
winda happened to b:ow. But having found t(r ,:- J ...: -
ces of being abroad in the ra n, I took c-r b-fdrehard to
L furnilli


furnifh myfelf with piov;nq s.; and during the wet months fat
within doors as much as pd6ole. At this time I contrived to
.make many things that I wanted, though it coft me much la-
bour and pains, before I could' .complifh them. The firiti,
tried was to make a basket; but aothe twigs I cduld get prov-\
ed fo brittle, that I could not then pk- .rm it. It now proved
of great advantage to me that V.'h.:n a L.I, I took great delight
in standing at a bafkt-.maker's in the lan. town where my 'a-
ther lived, to view them at work; and like vher boys, curicuhs
to fee the manner of their working thefe thinsand very offici-
ous to affift, I perfectly learned the method of it. and wanted
nothing but the tools. And it coming into my mini; that the
twigs of-t at tree of which I made my takes, might be, t.uii
as a fellow willow, or offers, growing in England, I re i. l. tu
make an experiment, and went the next day to my country-ley,
and found fome fit for my turn ; and after-cutting down a
Quantity with my hatchet, I dried them in my pale, and,
when fit to work with, carried them to my cave, where I em-
ployed myfelf in making several forts of baskets, infomuch that
I could put in whatfoever I pleafed. It is true, they .overe not
cleverly made, yet they served my turn upon all occafions-
But ft-ii I wanted two necelffay things. Ihad'no cafk to
hold my liquor, except two rundlets aloft full of rum, a
few bottles of an ordinary fize, and fome square cafe bottles,
neither had I a pot to boil any thing in, only,a large kettle un-
fit to plake broth, or itew a bit of meat: I wanted, likewise
at the beginning cf this dry.feafon a tobacco pipe ; but for this
I afterwards found an expedient.
I kept myfelf employed in planting my fEeond row of takes.
SBut remembering that when I travelled up to the brook, I had
a mind'to fee the the 'whole island, I now refumed my inten-
,tion, and raking my dog, gun, hatchet, two bifcuit cakes, a
great bunch of raifins, with a larger quantity of powder and
that than ufual, I began my journey. Having paffed the vale
/ where miy bowerftood, I came within view of the fea lying
to the weft when it being a clear day, I fairly defcried land,
extending from -the W. to the S. W. about ten or fifteen
leagues, as I concluded; but could not fay whether it was an
island 'or a continent.--Neither 'could I tell what this .place
might be; only thought it was part ofAmerica, &whereImight
-have been in a miserable condition, had I landed 'Again I con-
fidered that if this .was the Spanifh coaft, certainly, one time or
other, I fliould fee fome flip pafs by; and if it Was not, then it
.muf'be the'kavage coaft, between the Spanifh country and Brka
zil, which abotmds with cannibals or man-eaters.
As I proceeded forward I found this fide of the ifland.much
more pleasant than mine; the fields fragrant adorned with
Sf:vect flowi ris verdant grafs,together with feveralvery fine woods.
Thcre were parrots in plenty, w yhich-ade me long for one ito

0 F: it I'NSo N CR .US o0 E. \4.I

be my companion ; but it war: with 'glat difficulty T'co0l4
knock one down with my fick; arid I ke4 him at home fomi,
years before I could get him to call me by -n name.
In the low grounds, 1 found various forts. hares and foxes
as I took them to be, but much different fror, Thofe in Eiig-
land. Several of thefe I killed, but never ate them; neither
indeed'had'J any pccafion; for abounding with gots, pigeons,
turtle, and grapes, I could defy LeadenhaU market to furnith
me a:b'tter table. In this journey I did not travel above two
miles a-day, because I took several turns and windiigs, to lee
what d~I liirrrI could make, returning weary enegh to
the placewhere I designed to" reft all night, which was either
in a tree, or in a pace which I surrounded with ftakes, that-
no wild creature might suddenly furprife me. When I came, *
to the fea fhore,- I was amazed to oee the fplendcur ofit. Its
,frand.was covered with fhells of the moft LcautiotI fifhb anld
confiapily abounding- with innumerable t; rtlk, and foul .f:
iaily'kindP, which I was ignorant of, except thofe c.-i I:, prc-
gains. I might have Ihot as inany as I peafed,-but was fparinig
of my ammiunition,; rather choosing to.lik a fhe-goatj which
I did with much difficulty, on ac'urr of the flatnefs' of the
Now though this journey produced -me the moff pleafing
fatisfation,- yet try habitation was to much to my liking, t'at
*I did not repine at my being feared on the worft p-rt of be
'inand.' I continued my journey, travelling about t-. .!ve miiha
further towards the eaft, where'I fet a great pile on the l1iar
.for a mark concluding that my next journey should bring nie.
to the cther tide of the island, eaft from my castle, and ihV
round till I came to my poft again. As I had a- confant view
of the country, I thought I could not mifs my way ; but fcarce
bad I travelled three miles, when I defended into a very largely
valley. fo fiurrounded with hills covered with wood, that I
havingg no guide but the firn, nor even this, unlefs I knew well
the position cf the fun at that time of the day ; and- to add to|
my misfortune, the weather proving very hazy, I was ob!igedt,
to return to my poft by the lea-fide, aid fo backwards the
fame way I came. In this journey my dog ft!rpri!ed a
kid and would have killed it, had I not prevented him. As
I hi: s.-t-n beo i tt.,i.;ing cf getting a kid or two, and fo raising
bci r. t ~ r.e 5. ., ro fupp!v me arter my -mmnnition was
fpent,. took this opportunity of beginning : and having made
a co;lar tor t-his little ctrature, with a ring made of rope-yarn,
1. ',L.:htt to my bower, and ,there incloled and left him;
and(, '.i itr,- pent a month in thisjourney, at length returned
to my habhiation.
No;!ody can doubt of my fatisfaction, when I returned to
my little cafle,- and repofed mytelf in my hammock. A ter'l
niyj.urne) I ifted myself a week, which time I employed :


'in* making a cage or my pretty Poll. I now.began t eon-i
fider tlh.ptor hid/hadleft in tle bower, and I immediately
/went to fetch it hrine. When I came.there I funid the young,
creature ahn.fil .'irved;.I gave it fome food, an ii:d it as,
before: but. tire, was no cccafion,, for it- followed me like a
dog; and, as I cofftantly fed iti it beca;le to loving, gentle,
a-d fond, tMt it commenced one of rmy domeftics' and would
never leave r..
-Thie" riny feafn :of.the autumnal equinox being now come,-
I kept'.t -, rti of Septembr.in'the icr.ft .'emn trin~nr, as
S dlifal, biJng. the third year, of my al.r. i-n ite flli 1. I
fpent e Wrhole day jii acknowledging God's mercies,#in giving
Shim thanks for n making this folitary life as agreeable., and.Jle
,r flnftif, tb,n thIRt of human society ; and for the communications'
,of his face to my foul, in fuppot'ting~ comforting, .and' nco~ai-
-- rraing me' o depend upon his Providence,' and hope fop his..'
eternal prefence in theworld to come.
S.. ded,'"} often did conffider hew-n iach m Eli h4pF y I i as in,
this fate cf 'life, thaiin-that accnr(:d no'nrr ':. living Lfor-
.rnrly.'nu.fed; and fomtinies when hunting, or viewing the
country, the- anguifh of ny foul would break out upon me,
and my. vrry htar.t .would fink >within me, to thb k of the
wa,.d-, the mountains, the-defartsI was.inw and how I was a
p ltonr r locked up within the eternal Lar.s ;,iid bolts of the
4",1' .a, in an i ri, nLabiti wildeiners, v1ithout !.i:%s, .aind with-
it .redemption In this condition If v,,!om1 .tten v. rtru my
and, atid weep like a. child : And4 e'e fLomrapic., i te
riddle of my. work, this fit would tate: e ain lie.i. I would d
fit down and figh, looking on the gruii ftr an hour or t.o
og 'hii, till.dfih time as my grief got vent in a flood f-

One m6oning at I'was -'.ill enrr-plad iii this manner, I
,ened my Bible, when I ia-im 'rtal;a y i,- l my'eves uponr-
'hde words, -I wiill never lei-ve thee, ho? jorfake thee Surely,
'hught :I, thele word are directed to me, or elfe why should
hey p.pF' r iut at a-moment wheqn a-m ;-:r.c.,,.ing, ny 'for-
or c.-.rd, r,.n ? and if God doesW:i forsake;. what -matters.
t-, fince he cann make me more'lfr.pcv n''this. ate of hife,
than if 'Len-yed the' greatest fplcrid ..r in 1 ~ or!,' ut
.'Ji;!e I was geing to return God t anas f-r reflnt (I-'.e,
**omethi', feemed to th.'k my rr-id a. itt h u. fai : L'.-
'worthy "wretch; can you pretend ta r c..d...,
from L hichs you would'pray to' 'I .i'ir4-f e I 1ppt :--
and tho. I .c uld not fay, I tharnkedl e i Dvirv e jellyy i-,r
being .there, yrt. 1, gave: G4d thant.r It-.pg-pl.acg' oy, V;-.
xny Iormr c..url .f I'ft:, and grart.rg mtL.a -u'Ie-lUowIld;e
of repcrn- r.--. And -v.here--cr I opprn ,.r' JI~st.tlUe Bibli. I
bl.fled kad PI denc 'ltat direi't.d my 0ood ,;p,,m Jit:"
E, ..

n- tainto P n it among r,.' ir w without',any' drrendfjard
for affiflirg m. [.v icr ii Ir mrn te pow.-r-ofiie O pu'i.gpacn. '
And not&i betinhing. my tiird:,yea',' n-v lvcral .1; Iy 'cm-.
ploymen-tswere thefe : P. M duQ'ti tof l -v. i, nd d igcnr-
ly ri .a' .e the H'ly cri 11lrcc, whicl. 1-J twice pr I i-e e.
very day: :Steondly, Seeking provifion'-Witb my -gutt,, ic'ti
c.nmrorily *:_,. 1 e utp, wl tn it did not i-ramn,three liurs ei ry
mcn tr : i T. rd.'., II-e .r rg. carng, piver' ig, 3nd
c.-.-.ln r, i I irt,-.1, rr c t,:b id r-.r m%\ '* i. i' it' \ h- tuol
me npU.lp rcdar p-rt .f thr day: for. in the i1Iddle : t'h c'ay,.-ih
fLin l'ing i. i, it C.- 't wa, f1. h' tl et' I. e u-! not ftli
eoI.n, lo rt-.t I i l a;.iv ban t o r i. ur'in the ev nin: tC. i.ri'
in : and tihen the 'v-ni ot"tooir. ilfhlnc''. nrid. fk0. varied e
a' re'.iti'e- of tiit.r to litril pl:rp' e. adInwan' n t'c!, rlan o w
ant lo t-,' da'- making a'rboard ft for a lorg hel., which to.
lai,'yer,' wr it their toots' and 'fa3.-pir, w. uid 1ivP? c'.t i.P ille,
famle tree in half a day. -ItW: au or a la.rci trc.:'*,, /"b-tfd
waS'to be broad. .iwas three da,s in ctint.. it down,
two mnore in lopping .:ffthg bciT h., and rcducicng it 4tt' a.
pieae of tnilr 'l This I lak d and -r.Wed off tac i'e. tijr *,
it-becarte 11i' .t' move; the It rotid it,1-n .de *--ne ide otf
it fiico6thi ;ril fti'aas a bard .ft--i .trd to eid,' thn ti nrd
it d .v\.n. ild, iuttirigthe ofer fitd-, till-I binii!t ft e pinkk
to be about three inches thick,, And finoot' on b th 0 fiei.
Any y Iday i jirige r'y great laboun an t-.ri.ue in-fu.:n a
piece of:- rk ; lilu tli i i vc rt tl.t-,.igh winh.pa;icnce, Ia allo
many othW ti';..;gthjit mty c'rca!nit.inces made neccility fui'
TI .ir.h'ef mrnntli', N'.n -mrber ndi Dtcc ler. Oere r.*c at
Shad, irn'fhicih I hiad .he ple diti -li .d ga,'r
Btit ieFe I ';et r Itr a ne ft'r the c.-..i. ni I'i ,
S i la4rd A-. t'I tli. hbl ie, krpt it it 1 -iort '
that it ha-i nit'fir:' ii..t i., iro 1i To pr 'e t
this, I iicl'fdfd it wmitdi-a hbdge. afhd.by d-. I!' r. tlor, c I .it.
wvomurers; andd- my d:- ., hil'-. 1 hii t'rd to th. ficli-clte,"
Iteepine barking all inclt,.i, higlltcci tJ l*fc crea.ttuir-, ibtat I
..got er.-rcly rid.of 'tiei .
..But noltaner did i'get rid of there, than ot9:er enemi'V art -
peaidd. to vwi. w ho'C ll.eicks .f rFi-vi rts b'; tli.1.i, ho or.iy
S,-it.: til my b itL- v.i tutc..:, i.:. ruin ra : m ch tdl 1 thirst
p--. he mc, th" a t I let fly, a', killed tl-rce cf i rlte maii dror ;
-nl ti.eFV ir.1, lite then. ttcrtdlo nvctriou. th 'ters m',t
I'. linr'. '.tig" th!..-m i' it It.h 'i; R l t r O.r oI.IIer. .A-r ,
i,,iier 1 .' goo' .i n -f .-:c:'h.-' h tha t arh t. R :n *y trt.,-. .
th,- r', but all tral pait :.f t h if]'l, i ci-
r, n'i huno tr'-re. .. '
*i' c. rn hiviri rtp-ned apr-'ie, ih?Br.'t'r'e ndrt j .:-rr b.-r,
'-,ch w.iv my le.:C-.i harvc:t, I r .-.p 't "witha. W h.,nr.J.le
dofone of-my broad 'yurJ.. I !'.d rio Liiuc k lacutin:.; gi.n
., 3 .. ny
'*ss I ^.sc


my firft crop .t was fo lender.. The ears I carried hoirl iii
a basket, rubbing it with my hands; instead of threfhing it
and when the/harveft was over,. found my half peek of f;: pro-
duced near two bufhels of rice, and two buiheis and a half of'
barley. And now I plainly f~ refaw, that by-Gdd's goodness, I
fh'.uld be turnifhed with bread; but yet I was concerned, be-
caue- I 'knew not how to grind or make meal of my: corn,
nor bread, neither knew how to bake it. I would net how-
fcer, tale any of the crop, but relolvd to preserve it againft-
new f, altn, and, in the mean while, ufe my be fLendeavours to.
provide myfelf with other foo d.
', But where were my labours to end ? The want oafa plough
4 to turn up the earth, or shovel to dig it,. I conquered by
Making me a wooden fpade. The want of a harrow I fu-ppiied
m. :li, with dragging over the corn "a great bough-of a tree.,
SWhen it.was growing I was forced to fence it;. when ripe toW
mow it,: car-y it hoae, thra'h it, part itifro: the ch if, and
,fave it. And, after all, I .wni:ed a mill to grind, if, firev to
drei iit, yeft'and fait to make it intj bread, aid an oven to"
bake it. Fhis fet my brains to work to find bfoe expedient
for every one of thlie heceffaries arainft. the ncx't harvest.
-,. And now having mose'feed, my firit care was to prepare me'
n'ore Lind. 1 pitched upon two' large flat pieces of gr- und
neat ny castle, for thai purpfe, in which I owed my feed,
Sand fenced it within a gobd hedge. This thol me up three-
nion'ths: by which time the wet feafon coming, on,.and the-
rain keeping me within doors, J found fever'al oc.'aitons to em-:
lovy niytei--' and,. while .at work, nfed to d'ivert .ryfelf in'
tilkin_ toi my prr'.t, learning hitn to know.an.l peak his'own
n.me PcIlt-fe. .fiftf tWlcome word I ever hard Ipoke in the
illag.l. I had been a i-.g' time in c wir vng how to make,
earthen veffels, 'which Iv 'rei ext~4em- y ; and whea 1. con-
fidered-the heat of the c' -r iit. i di j not d.- nbt hut if I could
find any tuch cla, I might, botch 119 a pot, it i.-,. ... i h,
when dried in the .0tn, to bear handling, ard' tohold any thing ,
that was dry, as coin, meal, an.l ther i"ing, .
STo be.fhort, tb.e 'ay I fund ; but it would ocea.fi.n the
Smot Ilri:us p rfT)- t.I fmie, to Jee what aukward ways Itook,,
i- and what ugly mi Ihapen things I made; how many either,fell
gut r-. cracked by~:the vi olent heat of the !nu,; and fell in
Spic., when they were removed ; fo that I think it was two-
n intl i time beforeI could per'ca a nv thing : and even then
S ur two clumfy -things in imitati-n of earthen :,'ri. Thillf
';liowever,-I very gently p'aced'in wicke r. baftkets, m.-dc on pcr-
p-lft for them, anJi*'betWeen the pct.and: the baskets, fluffed,
it fu!l of rice and barley ftraw,-and theie I pref'umed would.
hold 'my dried corn, and perhaps the meal when the cIn
Siw, bi ,red,. A for, the mfmall cE- i, lad e them with,bet


ter fuccefe;. fuch as little round pits, flit-difies, pitchers, and'
pipkins, the fun baking them very hard.
.Yet ftill I wanted one thing absolutely nec.firv, and that
was an earthen pot, not only toehold my liquid, but alto to
bear the fire, which none of the'e could do. It once happen.
ed, that as I was putting out my fire, 1 found therein a broken
piece of one of my veftlil burnt as hard as a rock, and red a-
a tile. This made me think of burning f.Lie pts ; and ha-
ving no notion, of a.kiln, or of glazing them with lea-!, I fix-
ed three large pipkins, and two or thiee pots in a pile on.
upon another. The fire I piled round the outside, and dry
Sw )od on the top, till I f w the pots in the inside red hot,
and found that they were net crackt at a'l: and waen I per-
ceived them perfcily red, I let one of them ftand in the fire
ab)ut five or fix hours, till the clay melted by the extremity
of the heat, and would .have run to glafs, had I .fuffered it;
upon which I flacied my fire by degrees, till the'rednefs a-
bated;. and watching them till the morning, I' found I had
three very go-d pipkins, and two earthen p;ts, as well burnt
and fit for my turn as I could defire-
No joy could be greater than mine at this discovery. For
after this, I may fay, I wanted for no fort of earthen ware,
1 fiiled-one ofmy pipkins with water to' boil me fome meat,
which it did admirably well, and with a piece of kid I made
me fa-ne good broth, as well as my circurftances would afford
me at that time.
The next cancer I had was to get me a ftone-m rter to beat
fome corn in, inftead of a mi'l to grind it. Here indeed I was
at a great lofs,'as not bhin, fit for-a ftone-cutter.; and maoy
days ipent to find out a great ftone big enough to cut hol-
low and make fit for a.morter, a:.d firong enough to bear the
weight of a peftil, and that wuld break the c3rn .without fil-
ling it with fan.!. ,But all the ftones of the ilhand being of a
moiderinag nature, rendered my earch fruitlfs ; and then I
refolved to look out for a great biock of hard wood, which
having found, I formed it with my ax and hammer, and then,.
with infinite labour, made a hollow in it, jlft as the InRdans
of Braz., make their canoes. When I had finiked this, I.made.
a great peftil of iron wood, and then laid them up agadiift ry,
fuzcceding harvest.' '
My next bufinefs was to make mea fi-ve, to lift my meal,
and part it from the bran and hi'dk. Having no tine thin can-
vas to f-arch the meal threu!h, I couli not t.ll what to do.
What linen I had was reduced to rags: I had g.:at's hair
enough, but nitthnr, tools to work it, nor did I know how to,
fpin it : At length I remembered I had fsme reckclJths ot c,.
lIo or muffin of the failnor, which I had brought cut of the-
thip, and with thefe 1 made ihree fiali 'ives proper enough
for the work.

SI come noW to c-nlider the Waking part. The want of ai
even I flpplied b.y making foite earthen pans very broad bht
fbot deep. lWh,1. I had a. nindt to bake, I made. a gr-ar fire
i upon'the hearth, the tiles of which'I had made myself; and
"Wiher ithe wood was turrat irito live coals, I foreaid t..erm ovei
it, till it becanie very hot ; then iweeping- them away'. 1 fet
lovn my loaves, and whelming down the; erthenl pI'Ots.upodi
fhem.r dream, the aIheS and coals all around' the dutfrd s of the
-* -ots to continue the heat.; and in thi"-manntr' baked my
barley loaves, as well as if I had been a .o plire paltry.cook;
an'aid Madade of the rite fevera' caes and pidd'i,'.
SIt is nio Wonder that thef things tock me tip the befl part of
a year, firice what intrnmedhiat time I' ad was beft wed in
..managing my n-w harv-ft and hufbandry ; tor in then piopt fea
fon 1 reaped my corn, carried it i.in.e, and laid it up in tie ear
in my iarge bhjl-i, tifl I ha.! time ti rub, inflead or thrfThing
it. A'.' now,;, rdeed, my corn increaftd io much, tat'it pro-
AlicCd me twenty bufhels of b-r'iy, and ac mcli rice, hbat I
itotronly B-egan to olfe it freely, but w-\r irjl:ir,.r ki to ren'rge
my- barns, and resolvedd to iow' as much at -timire as w i'Ild be
fficiet for me for a-whole vtar.
All this while, the profpe&'rf lAnd, which'I had feen ftont
the other fide of the island, ran in my mind. I till meditated-
a-deliverance from this place, though the fPar < f greater' miu
frrttoes 'mig t have deterred me-rom it-_-For, a lowing thit'
I hzd a-tained that-place, I run the hard of being killed and-
eaten.by the devouring cannibals : a-d if they were not tI, yet
1rmight be flain, as Other Eurcpeans had been, who fell into
their hands. Notwithftanding all this, my though-s ran con-
tinually upon that fh. re. In w wifhtd for my.boy Xnryi,
and the .long boat, with the shoulder of mutton fail: T wet-
to the fhip's'boat that had bren caft a great -way on the- hore
iinthe lateftorm h'e was removed bilt.a little; but her bot-
tom b-ing turned up by the impetuolity and fury of the waves
and wind, f fell to work with ail the strength I had, with levers
ani rollers I a24cutt fro;-r the wood, to ttirn her, and repair
the damages fte had ftll-ined. This work took me uip t'-ree
or fcut weeks, when finding my little strength ali in vain,
Ifellfto underminingei bt digging, away the land, and to fo.
make it fall d, wn, fetti g pieces o.'t wool to thruft and guide-
it in the fall. But after this was c'one, I wa, ftill unable to fitr
- it up, or to get under it, muc': iefs to move it forward towards
the writer, an,! f. I was f( ,ced t giv it :ver.
SThis difapoint entt, however l'di not frighten me. I. ". i '
to think wnerher iL was :ot pofflb!e for me to make a canoe
or .prigrna, tich as the Indian~.'make of the trunk ot a tree,
SBut here I lay ind.pr particular i.coinv-niencies; want of tools
to make it, and want of hands to move it in the water when
it was made. However, to work I went upon'it, flopping all


the inquiries I could make, with this very fimpie anrfwer I
made to myself, Let's firJf make it, I'll warrant I'l find fome
.way or other to get ir along when it is ,done.
1 firft cut down a ceder tree, which was five feet ten inches
diameter at the lower part next the ftump, and four feet el-
even inches diameter at the end oF twenty-two feet, after
which it leffened for a fpace, and then parted into branches.
Twenty days was I a hacking and -hewing this tree at the
bottom, fourteen more in cutting off the branches and limbs,
and a whole month in shaping it lnk the bottom of a boat., As
for the inside, I was three weeks witha'imallet.and chiffel,
clearing it i finch a manner, as that it ,was big enough to
carry:twenty-fix men, much bigger than any canoe I ever faw
in.my life, and consequently sufficient to tranfport me and a1l
my effects to that wifhed-for lhore I to ardently desired.
Nothing remained now, but, indeed, the greatest difficulty
to get it into the water, it lying about one hundred yards from
it. To remedy the firft inconvenience, which waA a rifing hill
between the boat and the creek, with wonderful pains and-
labour I dug into the bowels of the earth, and made a decli-
vity. But when this was done, all the strength I had was a.'
insufficient to remove it, as it was when I attempted to remove
theboat. I then proceeded to meafure the distance of ground,
revolving to make a canal, in order, to bring the water to the
chance, fince I cou'd nbt bring tLe canoe to the water.' But as
this, teemed to be imprathcalie to myself alone, under the
pace ot eleven or twelve years, it brought me into fome fort
of consideration : fo that 1 cor0eluded this alfo to be impoffible,
and the attempt altogether vain. I now hfw, and not before,
,what flapititly it is to begin a work berfre que reckin its cofls,
or judge rightly our oeun abiiliies io i through with its pcr-
In the height of this work my f; : 1i year exp:!rd, from the
time I was caft on tiis'iland, At this time I did not forget
Smy anniversary ; but kbpt it with rather gr-ater devotion than
before. For now my hopes b-ing frustrated, I.l'oked upna-
this world as-a things had nothing to 'd with ; ar.d very well
might 1 fay as Father Abraham faid unto Div:rs, Between thee
and me there is a gilph fixed. And indeed I was icparat-d
from its, wickednefs too, having neither th. luft of the fli-h,
the luit of the eve, nor the pride of li!e; I had nothing to
covet, being lord, king and emperor over the whole country
S had in poireffion, without dispute and without control:
1 had loadings of corn, plenty of turtles, timber in abun;
d.ince, and grapes above icea ure. What was all the reft to
me ? the money had lay by me as delpicable drols, which
1 wouid freely have given tor a grofs ot tobacco pipes, or ,a
hard mili to.grind my corn in a word the nature and ex-
periepce of thele things didated t nme this jift reiletion.
,1 ,la 'rifi

48 X.,'FEt ATDB Aj>Dv:,nVrITvUR I S
-That the goodI things of thi4. world- are no farther g tood n -
us, than they are foror our fe ; and that 'whatever wemay heap
*p to give to others, we can but enjoy.as much" as ewe uf4
and- no more. '
Thefe thoughts rendered my mind more ;eaty than ufuak
Every time 1 fat down to meat, I did it with thankfulnels, ad-
miring the providential hand of God, who in this wilderne's
had spread a table to me. And now 1 confi.Iered what I en- -
j:nyed, rather than what I wanted, compared my prefent con-
dlicn wv'hh what 1 at firft expedted'it should be ; how iJhould
.rve J i,, .f I had got nothing out of the i'TJi that I m:rl! '%,.ie
peri!ed before I had ctight flJh or turle.; or li-ved, bad I
found them, lik: a mere savage, by eating them raw,, and pul-
ling them in pieces with my claws, like a beafl. I next com-
pared my station to that which I deferred : ho-r urn :.;i,/ I
had-4een to my parents; how defitute of the .-, r I" God.l;
how void of every thihg that was good ; and hoow ungrateful
for thofi abundant mercies I had received from Heaven, -being
fed as it wwre, by a miracle, even -as great as E.'J'ts 'v .ing
fed'by ravens; and cafton a place where- there is no -,i w.--
wus creatures to poison or devour me; in lhort, making G(Ad's
tender mercies:-matter ct g eit conirolaor, I.relinquiihed
all fadnefs, and gave:way ao contel.trrPnt.
As;long-as my ink continued, which with water 1 made laft
as long. as 1 could, 1 ufed-to minute down the days of
the month xon which any remarkable eveht happened.-
And, .
.Firf, -cferved, that the fame-day I-forfock my parents
and friends, and ran away to Hull, in order to go to fea, "the
.fame day afterwiards in he' next year, I was taken'and made
a fjavee-by the Sallee -rovers.
That the very day I e/iap.d out of the wreck of thejhipin
Zarmouth roads, a year after on the fame day, I made my efcdpe
I.rm Sallee in my patron's flhinug-boat.
S. And, on the 3oth of S ptermbe-, being 'the day of the year I
.was born on, on that da, twenty/jx- years ajftr, was I mi-
r.au!o,'l' faved, and cafrl a/fre on this island.
The n xt thing th-t wafted after my ink, wAs the bifcuit
which I had brought out -r the ,fhip, and though 1 all %d -
mylelf but one cake a day, fir ab-nve a twlIvem.nth, 3et 1
was qtute out of bread tor near a year, before I got aliy corn
of my own.
'Inthenext place, my clafhes began to decay, anl my lineup
,had:been gone long bef.rte, However, I had- ptferved aboIut
three, d.zen- of the !ailors. ch:4q'red hirt,- .whic'. pr lived a
great retrdthment'to me, vhen the violent beams of t;e-fun
w0ou4d not fuaer me to bear any of, the feime-I" teavy watch
coats; which made me turn taylors randi, a tr a mT.- rble
batching- maanunr covert t-em- to- jacketUe To preirve


my Head, I made me a cap of geat-fkins, with -the hair out-
wards to keep out the rain; which indeed served me fo well,
that afterwards I made me a waiftcoat and opened.kneed
breeches of the-fame: And then' contrived a fort of an
umbrella, covering it with fkins, which not only kept out the
heat of the un, biat rain alfo. Thus being eafy, .jand fettled
in my mind, my chief happiness was to converfe with God, in,
mrft -heaveily and.comfortable ejaculations.
For five years after this I cannot fay any extraordinary thing
occurred to me. My chief employmeit- was to cure my
s. and plant my barley a"nd rice, of both which I had
a- 's provision beforehand. But though I was dilapointed
i m ft canoe, I made it, at intermediate times, my bufi-
oef" to k a second, of much inferior fize;. and-it was
two years. ore I had finished it.' But as I perceived it would
no wi>e aut my design, of failing to the other fhore, my
thoughts were onfined to take a tour round the island, to
fee whaL further fcoveries 1 could make. To this intent,
after bring mov er to the water, and tried how fhe would
fail,I lt~l upa ltti at to my boat, and made a fail of the
fhip's fail tat lay by I then made lockers or boxes at
the end of it, to put ceffaries, proXifion,-and ammuni-
tion, which- would prn- ,rvc them dry, either from rain or
the pray -of the fa; and in te infide of the boat, 1 cut 'me
a long hollow place to lay my rn in, and to keep it dry
'made a flag to .hang over it.' My umbrella 1 fixed in a ftep
in the ftern, like a maft, to keep the heat of the fun off
me. And now refolving to fee the circumference of riy little
kingdom, 1 vicualled my fhip for the voyage, putting in
two dozen of my barley-bread loaves, ai earthen pot- full
of parched rice, a little bottle of rum, half a goat, powder
and ihot, and two watch coats.- It was the 6th of Novem-
ber, in the 6th year of my reign, or captivity; that I fot out
in this voyage; which was much longer than 1 expected,
being obliged to put further out, by reason of the rocks that
lay a great way in the tfea.\ And indeed tb much did thele
rocks furprife me, that 1 was for putting back, fearing that if
1 ventured farther it would be outof my power to return
in this uncertainty I came to an anchor juft off fhore,
Sto which. I waded with my gun on my shoulder, and then
climbing up a hill, which overlooked that point, I faw the
full extent of it, and to resolved to run all hazards.
In this profpe& from the hill, I perceived-a violent current
running to the eaft, coming very clofe to the point; which I the
'more carefully observed, thinking it dangerous, and that when
SI came to it, I might be drove into the tea by its force, and not
able to return to the island; and certainly it muft have been fo,
had I not made this observation; for on the other fide was the

like current,' with this d;ffeiace, that it fet off at a greater
diflance'; and I perceived there was a firong eddy undetrthe
land ;i fo that my chief bufi6iefs was to work out of the firfi
current, and conveniently get into the eddy. Two days I ftaid
here, the wind blowing very briikly E. S. E. which being con-,
trary to the current, leaves a great br caeh of the fea upon the
point; fo it was neither fit for me'to keep 'to near the fbore,
,on account ot the breach;'nor ftand at too great a distance, for
.fear of the streams. That night the wind abating, it grew fo
cain, that [ ventured 6ut; & here I may be a monument to all/
rath and ignorant pilots; for I was no fooner come to the'po '
and not above, the boat's length from flore, but I was g to "
a deep water, with a current like a mill, w:'.:h dro ve ,' boat
along fo violently, that.it was impoffiblefor rre to kee' ',er t'e
edge of it, but forced me more and more out fro n-e cidv to
the left cf me; and all I could do with.my paddwere uelefs,
there being no wind t9 help me.
Now I began to look upon myfelf as qui o/', fince as, the
current ran on bofl fides of th. island, I s verV certain they
Smiift join again, and the' I lad no ho but ofperihing for
want in the fea, after what provifion L d was fpent, or before,
if a ftcrm ihoulc happen to arife.
Who can conceive the prefe 'nguifh of my mind at this.
calamity ? with longing eyes ti look upon my little kingdom,
and thought the ifland th llefanteft place in the uivrerfe.
H.ti v. ihr;ce hapty dfer id 1. Jall Inever fee thee mre ?
Sf'r,! creature! w' her am *going ? Why did I murmur
at my lonesome sondon, qwhen' now .I would give the whole
'world to be thithe a-ain ? While I.was thus 'complaining, I
found mvyelf toe driven about two leagues' into the fea;
:ce:'.e'r, Ilaboured till my firength was far 'pent. to keep
my boat as far north as 'poffibly I could, to tnht i Je efthe
current' here the eddy lay on. About noon.l petcei'ed a
little bretze of wind spring up frdm. the 8:,S, E. which over-
joyed mai heart; ard was ftll more elated, when, in about
half an hi ur it blew a gentle jfime gale. Had any thick wea-
ther fprilng un, I had been lft another way ; for having no
compafs on board, I flioull never have found the way to fteer
towards the island, if once'it had ddippeared ; but it proving
the cofitrary, fet ip my maaft again, spread my fail, and flood
away northward, as much-.as Y coe!d, to get rid of the cur-
-re-t. A n no fooner did the boat begin to-firetch away, but
I p- ic'.. bhy t e c!carnefs of the water, a change of the cur-
renf as near; frr, where it was ftrong, the watcr was foul;
and where it was'clear the current abated.- To the eaft, I
f.n faw 'abcut half a mile, a breach of the 'fea upon fome
' r c,'- which caufed it again to fetparate aild as the main
'force ofit drove away more (luthwardly, leaI;ri t'he rocks
to the nofth-eaft, to the other came back by !he repuls
S / .of

1 R 0, 1 IN 5 1 CI C:-e J 0 C Itt
Wl'the rock, making a harp eddy, which returned back again
to the northwest with a vriy I(wift ttream.
S They who have- experienced what it is tobe reprieved upon
the ladder, or to be faved;. from' thieves juft going tha take
.. y tlPeir lives, or fuch as: have been in the like calamitie;
% ith my own$ may guefe, rjy present eCKcef of joys how heart-
ily I ran *my boat into the Iream of this eddy, and how joy-
tully I fpread my fail to the refreflhng wind, tan di.ngcheer-
fully bioreit, with a fmaita tide -sndtr,.oot., By te alffillance
'ef this eddy, I was carried above a aleagug e home. again, when
being in the wake of the ifl4nd, betwixt the two currents, .I
found, the water to be in, t fort of aftand. About four o'clock
in the afternoon, I reached within a league ofthe island, anr
perceived the points of the rock, which canfed thii dilaller,
firetching out, asI observed before, 'to the fouthward, which
throwing off the current more iuihwardly bad icafiooired an-
other eddy to the north. But having a fair btulk gale, I ttretch-
ed acrefs this eddy, and in an hour came wirbia i mile of the
flore, where I foon landed to my unfpeakable, comfort; and
after an hurrible piollration, thanking God for my deliverance,
with a refolntion to lay all thoughts of e caping aide, I brought
mry boat fafe to a little cove, and -laid me down to take a-wel-
come repofe. When I-awoke, I was considering how I might
get my boat horie ; and coating along the (hore, I came to a
good bay,-which ran up to a rivulet or brook where, finding
a fafe harbour, I flowed her as fafe as if dhe had heen in.a
-dry'-dock made on purpofe for her.
I now perceived myself not far from-the place where before I
had travelled'on foot; to taking nothing .wikh me except my gun
'ard umbrellas I began my journey, and in the evening came to
my boiwer, 'where "I again laid me down to reft. I had not,
flept long. before.F was; awakened ii grret iurprorlle:b aftrange
voice that cl'ed me,feveral- times,.Robi'r, Robin, Robinfon Gru-
foe, poor Robin Where are you, Rt-oinjon 'Grfoe? Where are
,ou? Why*re haveyou beten
So aft wa- I asleep at firft, that I did not awale thdrouehly:
but hali'afleep and half awa-ke, I thought I dre im.d that i'm,.-
,body poke t6,me. But, as the voice repeated.Robinfon GCrufoe
severall times; being terribly affrighted, I fteited up in -the ut-
.'nmo conftfion; and, no fooner were my eyes frlly open, hbt
- beheld mr pretty PKll f.'ting on the top of the, hedge, and
.foon krew that it was he that called tme; forj;ft in fuch be-
wailirg larginge I ujfd to talk aand teach him; which he'fo ex-
ztaiy learned that he would fit upon my finger and lay his
b.l1 clie to .my face, and cry, Poor Robinfnn Grufoe, where
areyu ? .*u-w!.re bav6 yr.u been? how came you here and fuch
like prattle I had c 'nitantly taught him. Bnt' even th. gh I
enew it to be the p-.rr-'tr, it was a grest while before Icould
adj uft myfllf; being amazed how the creature got thither,
F and


'and'thIt henthiold Fxabout that place; and no where clfe.
SBut tow-being Oflured it could be no other than mi honeft
Pdl', miy wonder coaled, and reaching out my hand, and cal-
ling familiarly Poll, the cre-ture came to me, and etched up-
on- my thumb as he wai wont, constantly prating to me
'with Poer J.iaknrfm CrTibe, and liw did lc,:n?;e !'re,. an'd .;hre
'had Ibre'v? as if the bird was oserjoycd to lee me ; and fo I
took him i.ne,-)along with m:e.
I nwas now pretty well bured of my rambling tr, fei: y;et I
.could with my boa', whieh'had coft mefo much tr -'ble ind
painF, on this liid the island once more, but which indeed
.w3 impraot&cabkh. I therefore began to lead a veiy retired
lite,'hring near a twelvemonth in a v.ry c..-nentcd manner,
.ranting ft'r nothirrn texcept conIriatiocn. A6 to retchanic
labcuro, liiuh my nAcc,-ities obli-ed.me to, I lancid I could,
Tpon ocl';fio', make a tol.:rabi.- carpetiter Ai re the poor tools
'3 h.d to work withal'l-t good. Bmi'de as 1 improvedd in
pji eairthcn ware, T contrived to make them wi'h a mheel,
ivhich I found 'Much ea-fier ard better, mal;ing imy v work tape-
lv, 't'ich before .wa. rude and ugly. But I thinly: Iwas'never
fo elevated with my own- performance or proir&, tfhain for
'being able to nake a tobacco-pipe, whi-.h bthugh it.proved
zan aul-vward crumfy thing, yet it wa; vry fi ilnd, arid carried
the Im:.k-e pt tct'y weli, to my gitat fatisiation.
I aojiw proved m) t ieker ware,' mnkibg me abundance f
necet ary baikets, which though not very hardfi:me, were ve-
yry hardy and convenient to te.ch things home in, an aTfofor
holding m.y flore, barley, rice, and other proffi.n.. .
SMly powder be'nnirg to-fail, madc me eximnrne after what
manner I should .lli the goats va birds to lihe on afterit was
-al gorie -U-pqon'which I contrived many wayv to cnrfnaie the
,-goas, and fee if.co6nld' catch them alive, partscular!y a Ihe-
goat with young. Atf aft I had my defie, tor making pitfalls
nid traps baited with barley and rice, I found one mornmri,
.it one of them, an 'old he-goat, and in the ether three kids,
one riale, the other two temalcs.
So bo'tlr''trs was the old one, that 1 ci u'd net bring him
away. But I f. rgot the old proiirb, .T.; h:nnr u" .wi!' tamre
a ikonz For. had r Lept him thlr;e or four days v.ithout prrvi-
tions, and then given Lir Ibfme rater, .wth a little corn, he
wou d have been a; tame as a young Iid. T7- otler cre.-
tiires I.bound wihb ftzrirgs together ; but Thad great diflicui-
ty before IE culd bring them to my habitation. I3t was fonme
-time b ef'ire they v.i;ld. eed; but thr.-wing themin'lmeet coin
it fo much tempted them, that they btgan to be tamer. From
:enceI c-nrrc!udcj;, that it I defined to furnirh n.ylelf with
goat'sffllh, when rry ammlnitrtin was 1pent, tte tamely
breedingg them up, like a fl.-cl;k ot feep, bciut my letlerr:rnt,
,yiVs the- n..v method I could take. I c icl ded al!,o I imuf
., separate

'fEl Ro B-r NS N' c Nc Uso' u 'f t.

feiaate the wild from the tame; or elfe they would alw3ay
?fin wild a, they grew tup; and.the beft way for this, rwa .-
to'.have fCme inclfed piece of ground, well fenced, either
w-ith a hedge or pale. to keep them to eff auallv,- that tltofe
wi'!in mitrn nrot break out, or toofe without break im. Such
an undilrtaknit wra very great for one pair of hanis .; but as
there wa~ a- absolute necefliiy for d.-ing it, my firil cire was
to find a coovenmlirr piece of ground where there was likely
to be herbaze f r them to eat, water to drink, and'cover to
keep them fr.m the fun.
l-re again I cave another inflatice oF my ignorance and in-
erx:rTecce, pirchin; ujpo' a pece of meadow land fo large
that fia I ,-.:led it, t le he.Ige'or pale mvfI have been at
IctAf' t:.' mtles .Ibilt. Indeed had it been ten miles. J hhd
time enotirh to to it irr; but then I did not confiler that my
goat33 w,,jld. be as wild i n'fo mu-h c.irps', '.' if they
rjad h.b the whole irhnd, ard :cohfequently a difli:ult for
n;e to citcli tl' ; Thi th:oughtg came irito my head, after I
haJ carried it on, I belicver.ahoiut ifTh yards; I thrretort *i'cr-
Sed my J:.Temc, anI. letolved to mclid A a picc of gElrn' about
or e'h'inre.1 aI-i fifty yards in length.. and cOn h'irdre.j. i
breadth. luffcirent enough for as mn.ny as wo,!l maintain me
lilt fuch tirmr; a3 my frl-c'x increased, and t.en I c.tii'd adI
m'nre grpan..'. I now vigourouni profecur.ed my work, and
it 'or.k mr ;.bout three month tin hedging the irft piece; Lu
Wshcbch time'I tetherea the thee kids mn-the brft part et it, feed--
inm tham a., mar me as pollible, to-mabe them, larmli.ir : and"
indeed I % -nr dfferi w:;uld carry f .me ears of barlcy or a hand-
ful ot rte, aid te:d them out of mv hard ; by which tlhey
grevw ftam'.re, that h:rbe my incliufre was riniflcd, and I hal
Jet thti-n Ice i lhey v\.r,uld rin after me fror a handful of corn.
This indt-d ar.lecred my cr i; a-d in a. yen and a halt's rtn -
I hbd a flck ot ab'-ut ti:cle g.:at, i'.:s and all; anriin t,.q
yTcrs aftrr, tL.y antounted to f-.rty .l;r e, belide what'liac
..taern 'a d i':si d t-r mny fiiftenirc. After which *I iicl,:.ed
five feveril pieces of giounrd t.l tee. them in. wil1h pcni
to drivel them iritoq that I might take them-'as I bad occt-
fi :,r : 5" ^ -_ .; ....% ;
In th orp-it; Ilikewif found additional bliu-lc ; for not
only hid pl'tei -of goat's ffli, but milk.t.-... w.lichi in t;ny
t p-r.rt-" I did not it much as thihkof.- And, indeed, inru:u
I h-d- ever iilked a c,)w.much lefisa goat, or teen butter nf
.ehee'e made, yet, af ti- fome efavys and-mi!carriages, I made
.ime:both, aid- never afterwards wanted -
: H0owmercilu Iv irn fht c, .c-riotTni Powrerpomfort his creazi
11tures,. even :ih .the midft o'f ilhcir greatest calamities ?. Hlow c-
'he: fveeten the. b.i.lc.L', prividences,. arid give us 'eafon t(
mnatLii-thin i.mi dungeons and'prrLnai : hia a b;:uiriin i -..e
.. Ea-

54 Itr, E 'EA A V EN T tra E,s
iwa Iere .prtad in a wilderneb for me, where'lFexpiced Rd*,
thirg .t ill but to perf tir nimnger.
Certau.ly aStioic wrold have imiled to fee me at dinner.
There frt fmy royal majefty; and abfolute' price ard uiler of
ny kiped..rr.', attended by my dqtiful fuibje'ts, "whom, if I
pleaded, I cc.uld either hany, dirw, quarter, give them liberty,
,ir tlke it away. When I dined, I fetmed a king eaLing al.ne,
Bone daring to prefbme to do o till I had done. 'Pl,. as if
be had betn my principal court favorite; was the only perfol
pirmtlted to talk v ith me. My old, but faithful dog, no*
g'roAri eac;edingly crazy, and who had'no fpeeiea tc- multi-
ly. his kind upon, continually fat on .my right hand; ,while
my two cats fat on each fide of the tabl', eirpe&ihg' a bit
from my h'tid, at a principal mark of nmy royal .aiour. Thefe
Were nof the ca!s 'h'ad brought f m the thip : they rad beet
dead long before, anvdinterred rear mn habltatic n by mine ona
stand. Eut one of them, as I fuppofe, generating Viith a v.'ct
i t, a couple oftheir young .lilad ma.e tame ; the reft ran wid
into the woods, and in time grew, fo'iinpuidet as to retutri
and plurder me of my ft.res, till faih time as 1 fliot a great
many, and the reft left me' without troubling me any m.re.
In this plentful nrranner did live,' watling for nothing bitt
boat I knew not -wtiirh way to pet hir round the isand.
One time I icloitd to go along te ftoce by land to her; but
ad any one in England met Ipch a figure, it would either
ave affrightrd them, or made them burl inao laughter; ray, I
could n.t but Inmde nfcilf at my habit, which I think inatta
pide will be very proper to defiribe.
T he cap I were cn my head.' was great, hih, and (fiapelefs,
.ade cf a gnat's. thn, with a flap cr pnt.i cuf: hargigr dbia
tbetind, not o1iiy to keep the tan from ire, but to lhoot th&
rair off from i' "[i Into my neck,; othirg bring nmcarepefi
ric i(.iu "h-u r!.e 1rzn failing upon the reth in thefe climates; I
lad a thorr iJcket of goat's. in, vhofe hair lhang down lch a
length. 11 c h fide, that it reached dowri to the calves of my
Eg 'As. ftr a oe6 nd-ftockings, I had n8re, but made a fkmn-
blance f f n'- ili'nrg; I know not what to call then; they wete
'ih.: i.S'7-: e b-i 'kir, and Ipced on the ides lisk fpRtertifR',
trar. 0a1. v ai.v- d'like thereft df my habit. I bad broad ielt
of F -at' tkin diicd, girt. oand tm with a Coup!i 0.* th. nge,
tirif ted of'buckles; on each of which, to fapp'y tre lefiti'rinc
6'f fv. rd agd danger,' bung my hatchet and' fa. i had arn-
other bhtti iirt fo brad, yet faftrend in tle feryn man.nerwh vtcl
tLing over my -hoaldet, and at the endj of it, tndei'mn myeft
arm-, 'hing. two po ches, made ofi goat's fkin, to hold my pow-
der and fhct. My basket .Iearic-d on my 'back, mad ithy gfit
n my thouldler ; and.over iy headc a grbat clumtfy.- ugly goat'.
*.in umbrella ; which, however, next to my gun, was the moft
S.' neceffalp

nccefTirv thing about 'me,. As fpr my face, the colour was not-
ftl twaithy a: t' iatit es, orF might ihve been expended from
one .ho took lo hLtle care of it, in a climate within nine or:
ten Jeritecs. f the ec:.i.cx. At one time.my beard grew fa-
long that it L urg downh abut a quarter c a yard ; but ds 1 Lad'
,bothW raz:.or and ic.1T r; in ft oe;.,l cut it ail off, and lirffcr
;none :o grow, -ecp pta l are pair ytf Maticomean' ,hilkcrs,. the-
'like c.f \vhi :h 1 r.Id Eeri. wore by lome TUrks at Sa Ice, ndt
long enough indccrl 'o- hang a hit upon,. but of hicu a rona-
f- ruu litZ., ., w'. u'd. have rmazd any ia ngland. to have:
But .ll this as of no donfquetince here, th ee eing none t&.
eblerve diiiv behav'iur or babit. .And -b, withoyt-. fear t:d
Swittl.nt coilir ul, I-proceeded in;my5 ourney, the prulecutionr
or %,which tuolk n up five cr fidaysE 1 lirft tras.iled al.:.n- the
fea !iore, diLcctiy tC; t placT wherc I firtf brought my boit to.
ad an'dhor,. to g't up-n the rocks; bit.ow having.no b-.at to
take care or,, -.'-cnt <..vetiand a.nearer waymo the laim height.
tfrt as t- l.or upon ;.wtvren looking torwar'd.tothepotintof:
the rodk, which lay,out,: and .which- was fo-crd tb double
witi my boat, I wa aimaza d to fee the fda F i mooth aed'q :it,,
there bcrn;' 'no rip l'. matioi,,, nor current, an) more rthan
;- other place'. T'r'i made'- m ponderifonme time k' p'u-ef the
realor .it ri. t, hen at I t I was convieed" that the ebb et;ir g
fi-.m rthe welt.' ard ji.;ning with the cuirent ol, ,ater from
lomne pgeat ri er o', ib .re, muft b',the occasion or thefe raid
Iteamv; A that,co,-eicqi t ly.. i the wind blew more weltwnrd-
Iv, or mon e lcuiiw'aarld o the current canie the nearer, orwent,
thi.fartheC tr. m the iheei. Tofatisfy,my criofity,lwaited there-
tilievcning, nr, the time of ebb bhir. nude, I planmly'perdeived;'
fro-n tLh Lu.:i ine current again a; t:tore with this difference.-
that Ittnan far'hrcr cF near hak ahleague *romithe fbore; whereas,
i rrry ev-pedioron, it icr cloie up -n it. uri,: uP.) biirlyirn me
.and r'y cu.nce along -withjt,, ihtI cl.t a:. in.iti eti time it ou&,d
rot ''nve dun:. Aud niow I was c nvr.--3., th', by i 'i '- ,-
the ebbuig a3rd flowing of the utir. I rr,'-.t eaflvy bhir.e rM
boat r,.und th. 'ifland again. Iii when I hIr-y to thlirk- ol"
puttr g 1i in pradice, the remern brance: of the -late danger.
Pf. I ick mne with fuch horror, t':at I changed rmyrefoll iion, and
forrotd in -thtr, which was more faf, though mrre laborious;.:
mal tiis was to make another canee;, and iO.h:b; dr.;e C r one
:fide of the iftand,and one- for. the other. .
I, had naw-v t,- w plintations itr tie illtnd: the firfr irv little
'-rtification, f-,rt,.-'r ctl.', w'th m nv late and Ip'c'i Lui'm-
,proveme!ts; for by this time I bad enlarge, 1i the cve hl.T'e
,Me with federal little caves, one -iton another, to .lic-l niy
balkris, corn, and ffraw. The piles with which .made rr) w tit
were grown to lolty and great as obtcired my habitation. At",d
i.as this.-conioaious and pleafant settlement, lai 'my well culi#
E- tivated;!

5 LI F E-ANL A'I *t N T U R E S&C.
tigated and impr ved or e-Rld',iwhichiindly 'itlded me their
fiuit in the pr I er f:afon. My iccond plant..ion w.~i that near
my counrrty.feat,cr little bow-erwhert my g.raues figurilhcil,andc
wveie, ha.'na planted many takes, I made in:lofirir f. r r.y
gpits,'fo strongly fortified-by lab .ur and tirrm, r -t it :Iar much
lircngtr than a wall, and confEquentlv implihb'e for .t'rm 'o
real; throc.ih. As fcr my bowcr itltel, I kept it conftlinrtl in
repair, and cut the ttees in fich a rranner, as made them:
griw thick and wild, and form. a milt i'ighttul ihade. nrt
thJ cnutre of this ftord my tent, thus ere&'.-d. I hld dried' ,
ftur piles in t~v grow n-, spreading dver it a pirce of t.e thip'i "
fab; befteath *whilcf Irrmade a f, t ofcseh with tue fkini '.f
t:e creatures I had 'flin, and other things ; and- having laid--;
thereon one of the failor'g blankets, whiLh I had faved from the -
wreck of the (hip, and covering myfelf with a great watch-coat, ..
I took gp this place For mny country retreat.
Vr L frcqulr.l' fr. *n this fftlement didr I ufe to vifit ilm, y.',
boat, and keep her in cer) good order. Arnd forntimes I -.'Lld
ientare in her a.caft or tevo from .fare, but nco fuithir, leit
eithLr a strong eurr4nt, a fudden ftotmy wind,'or i- me'unluce-
ky accident lhiuld htary me from the ;ifand as-,trtore butr
poW entreat y:ur attention, ihilft 1 proceed tn infrrin
you of a new, 'bat moet forprifng fcene of life -L.'ch htre,
befel me;.' '.
YatT may easily fuppofe, that after having Nbeen htre fo lorg,
nothing cpidil be more amaaing than to fee a hum an crci-
iure. One day. it haperne,1. that going to my l..at I ,L
the print of a rnan's- naked foot on tre thore, very evident ow.;
the f-;d, as the toep,. heel, and very part of it,. Ifa.: I tcE .
an appal itr.n ir the nmit firCTh'fil hfape,, could not ha.e tert
more contoundedl. My wNAdlrr, cara gave tie firiAeitattenltiio.:- :
I caft my eyes around; biit could fatisfy neither, ttI one nor
the, other, I procetde .alternately in every p rt.o 't-e ihr e,.
Dkt wit!' .-pril effiat; neither could I lee any-other mar k,'
though the tan." about it was as fafeeptiile to take imprefn, ,
as that which wa ftb painly ftanipo'l. "'tis, !r, i c wthn on-
fufion and -horror(I returned to Try b rion, tr.,bteord .*
e'.-rv bnfh and tree, taking every, v ~ t. 'rm-n ; and prifEfln
w'i:.ih l i r dcft ideas! That riight im evesnestr cri .jo I'
formed n.ttr r bit the mn4ft difnal imaginatiions, coreludir i
It miufit e thenmark of the devils foot which I'h'd fcen. For
otherife hori' could: any mortud come to this ifiand w;re :
*a-I the illip ttr' irar.Cportcd 'herrm ? &.what figns ofany other
footfteps ? Thorgi thefe seemed very strong reasons for fichl
a fuppofftibn, yet (thought l) w-hy. should the devil make the
print of his fo;t td' no purpose, las I cab fee, v.-hrn hb r- eight
have taken 'other ways to have terrific ine'? why fhoud he,
leave his mark ott the ct-er fide of the ifl'nd;, and that tf'o om
tZe fand, .whese the urging waves of the ocean might foor
..- have

RoBINsoN CR',soE struck :w ith confusion
aad horror, at seeing the print of a man's
i ,foot upon the:sand'
SDr. & Eng. by A. Ca ie, Edia




live erated the imprfinon. Surely this at...-ais not confilfent
Wvithjh luobtility at Satana,.fd-. to my i~, ; burraiter mu:t be
/ frme dmner.ou creature, fome wild lavhte of the m .- ind;
over agamfl my, that venturing too far in the octan, ba; been
drt en here, either by the violent currents or contrary iv-rds;-
ind not caring to. ay on th;i delolate land, hs gone back to-'
&fta again- .
Hppy, indere, aid I to myfCf, itht none of the Iivages nad',
'f.n n. in that place : yet I wii not. at.,gtlicr, without te-r,,
left, having t-jnd my b'ar, they thoud- reitrn vn mn.uibts.
and divjiir re-i or at leaft carry away all mriy c'rn, ind dcltroy;
ary flock-f tame gp-at In a word, all my reli-ioui hdbkrs va-
nilhed, as though I thought G .d would not now prote-T'me by-
hi' p-wver, -w:o had to wond-irfuly pfl.%Old m3 to lon.,'
What various chams, f- Privid:nc. are tiere in- th--bre of.
mar, Hl-w cbanp ahle are our affed'orjs, accofdmg to difr-
ent curcimiltncis !. We Ln to-dy. whit we tre to-mlinc-
row ; we ihyn one broui whit we fre.k the %..- Tbha was
evident ;~ me in the moll conrpicnis manner': 'ot I, wbho be-
Sj.re had fi much lmented my con-litin, in bting -baihetd-
fronm all human krnd, wal now.evn ready to tp re, wvl'rn-
I considered that a man had frt his foo on this delolate fila id,,
But when I c-rfidered myrnttipn of life decreed by the Jnfi,-
ntely'wift and go.-d providence of G-o., Itat I ugh.al-not to
dirpuLe ray Cretor's fEvereigrtv,.who has; n iinboim.ed right
tb govern .nd 1-lpole of t.s cr.-itrres as he thinks c-.nvenient ;.
and thae bha jullice and unr'y c.iild eiher nunithor deliver rwe:.
I fay wh l I confidtted .all thi.- I c',-ntort ibly Intid it i.iy du-.
ty-to traP lincerlty ,n huim, pra) ardcn'ri to him,.ar d iLmnbly
rIfign mi elft ta bhi divine avi,
One morning. lymrn un my b'-J, theflt word of-the tlered'
a ritlngs cae into my nirnd,.C,! ,iwov m n t. di.a of tron--
ib in.t'!..' ii 'l'fV.-- thee, .(W. th.i. ,. dlt s'-:t 'ae. Up.n
ktIs lenience, rilli mere cccilul y fioi m'rbced, I uff-r- up,
my p.i)ers in the rofl Icav-rl." n-..anner an-. when I hid
do.,c.. taking up mv..Bible to r. 0t,,. thrlet words ipicar: 1 hril in,
mr fight.'. /f'li: .,t r~. Lrrd, aId be of ',good ichir, anZ'ke.
fa.2i jP,'nr'ter,:?. t.y ktarc: If'art. IJ/av. .; the L"rJ. Siich .ii-
tine co:nritrt Ad.,1 thi vcre m-, as-to remove 'ii caufi ot dldrclf
ip- n'tar cci-alioi.
T"7hih,.aiter a wrl I if apnichesilors and fear;, .!ar three days
ard n g r'., I at '.1. vur tanicd out o ,t ml, cutle..:nd.. ai uked my.
goa-, r,c f wh'ch waS aj'm.r't Ifro'i d t r twrt o' ..- I n-xt.
(.thc h in i'- t ftar) v li:ted mr bowrere-afidmilk'ed rny ft6cks-
there a.r ;. when,,growing.hblder.I-vent down to the thorei
again, and -merfunring the print o' the -f3t ttb m2r.e, t fee,
.perh-'p. wvbeiher I myfelf had ntot occdafoned 'that 'rark, I
tu.1l it m.,ch 'itperior in;largenefs;.and fa returned home,,
aowablblotely. convincedithat either, Comne men. had been a-
1 1 1 ftDh e,


thre, or that the land mil be inhabited, and therefore that 1
nlighL be furprited bcteire i wiwaware.
I now began to think of providing fo. my security, and refol-
ved in my mind many different schemes for that purpofe.- I
Sfirftpropofed to cut'down.my inclofures; and turn my Lamn -
cattle wild into the wodds that the enemy" might ro t find
there and frequent the island in hopes of killing the fame. .Se-
condly, I w~as tor digging up my coin fields for the, very fame
reafqn. Anrd. laftly, I concluded to demolih my bower, left,
feeing a place of human contrivance, tftey might come farther
and find out and attack-me'in.my little caftle
'Such notions did the fear of danger figget to me; and I
looked I thought like the unfortunate king Saul, when not only
oppreffed by the.Philiftines, but'alfo forlakden by Gr..d hnfeclf.
.-nd, it is range, that a'little before, having entirely rCfiened
T.ylelf to the, will of God, I Ihould now have little confidence
ia h-m, fearing thole more who could kill this fading bodyy
than him who could destroy my Immortal foul.
Steep was an utter firanger to my.eyes that night;, yet na-,
ture, Ipent and tired, fuibmitted to a filet repofe the'next mor-
ning, and then joir.ing reafrn with fear. I.confidered that this
de'lhgbhul and pleJtsnt ifl.mnd U'ighf not he'bo ciire-l f'rIfalkei
as I might tlirik ; bin that the i.hnfbtairts from the other
*iore riTight fail, either with dltign *.r 'rom necefftyby-crof
winds 5and tf the htter circumiftinc. I had reason to belive
they would depart the frft cpporthnity. However,:my fear lad6
me thinkof a place f r rletreit uprm an .attac. I now repented
that 1 had made my door to come r.u. beyond my fortification-
to remedy which, i relte':d tomnake me afeandonone' : .1eli
to w rk, therefore, and drove betwrit that deable row of treds,
iwbileh # planted above twelve year before, kferal ftrorg piles,
tnieknin; .it with pieeis of timber and r-d cables, aild ftrtegth.
enting the tot .of it-with-earth which,I dug out of my cave
IA -r- made mefeven holes, wherein 4 planted my mifkets like
canyon, fitting them into frame-s ref4mbiing carriages. This
beiin finified with indefat'igable inihfitry, for a great Way ev.
ery where, Iplanted flicks of ofier like a wo.d, a'-out twenty
th utland of them, leaving a large fpaie between them anrd my
. all, that I .might have room'to fie an enemy, anii that they
might not 6e fheltered among the y-n pg tiee., if they offer-
ed to approach the: cuter wall. And, indeed. free two years
had paife over may hrad, when there appeared A lovely fhady
grove, and in fix years it became a thick wood perfttly ine
paffable., For 'my safety, I left no avenue to go in or cut-: ,in-
fte.d'of which I let two ladders, one to a part of a rock iwhrici
was low, and then broke in, leaving rctm to place.another
ladder upon that; {f that when I toAk theft down, it was im.
T. Alib tor any man to defend without Ierting 'himfeif ; and
if they had, ,tey wiuld.fll he at the auutideo f my o ter-wvil.~


But while I took all thele meafuresof humsn prudence for rrm
own preservation I was not altogether unmindful of other af-
faiir. To pimfertve my -ftrck of tame goats, tht'- the eh'my
should not take all at once, I 'ooked"out for tht mof retired,
patt of the irlnd, which wa the place there I had l'f rfitfelf
before-m.ntioned ; and there findnpF a clear peace of 'lid, cer-
tainirp three acres, fitrou.imded with thick woods. I wrought
fo hard,'that in lef- than a month's time, I fenced it bf %wit
rLund, that my fk.cka were very well feared in it, and I put
therein two he-goats ani. ten the ones.
All this lab.ur was occafinmed purely by felrfil hpprehen-
fnl-s-, on account of feeing the pr.nt of a min'n tfo.t. And
not contented yet with what I had done. I ftcrched f.r ano-
ther place towards the weft point ofthe iftuid, where I miebt,
alfo retain another flock. 'Ihin wandering on this errand
more to the weft of the ilGlnd than ever I-had yet dore, ar.dc
eafling my -ves towards the fea. methrought I prcse ved .abo't:-
at A great dillrtce ; but could not pofflClv tell what it was tibr
want of my perfpettire gl'f(. -1 coofillered then 'it was'u.
Prance tblhin to ee the print of a man's toot ; and concrid"i ng
them cannibals, bl?.fd Gixd for b.-'ng caft on 'he oi:r .itd
of the ifll-d, where_none of the faiviea, as f thought,' ever i
came. But when I came down the bill to the hte;i; Oihlatf
was the S. W. point of the ilhnd, -was f)oa c.-nfirm:i'.iri my"
opinion nor. can any one deferibe my horror aiad amazer ent,..
when I flaw me ground lfread worth. fcfdls, ha3ds; iect,'.Anil
bones of human bodies ; and particularly, I pcrceivedaITpa. c
hke a circle,. in the mimft of which had been a'hri; abifititH"fii
I conj-dlured thefr wretcliei lst, an--_unnatirally facrdficeddt .
devoured tbter flow creatures, .
The horror and I.-.artiomenei of this dr3eadl fpe6tacle,b:th-
cornf.unded my rifred. aren maoe me dilch-rge frot4-rry ito i
mnacb in an exeeffive mnanrer I tiep retrn-cl towards'my ,
habna.tion; anr,, in mr way thit..er, Ihe Idng fl od o t'e.Trr. .
ind railing down on my terndre. kni- s,- cave =Cl1 thanks fdr
miakIrji my ra'ure ..*inTrarv to thfce wretches,- and drllvcring
me fo -log oit of thcir hindlr.
Ti' i Wb e Eifn ar.d y .y g refi e3cc here had afIred me,
that thCet: fCv.iges rce.'r .mni- ,ip ro the hi-k w rdv parts -f,
the country, 'nJd fhat I h.-1 r.o reaf n to be anprchenrive r; ax
d cv:i ; ye' l.c'i in ibi.orence erd I ft'il ietir:; that. for two
)ars arter. I confined m-i l'f Con t.~ I tChr llrt plarttt or:s: 1'
Smean rrmyca.ile, c luntiy-leit, and iril .cor. in ti woorls.
SAr.d though ii pruct.s Oar itri my iretIdi Il aioreeirr~i ns be-
- gan to wear away. y t me eyes we-re more '-.p lnt fo er e. f f:
Sbttig fu 2rpnled, and I A'-s very cauti.-,u u or fin. mv guin. 'n. i
being he.rd by tlost: creatluai, thcv flould p.'c.:rd ,a attack
e. I refulv.d,. however, rnaniul', to I. Icr i e.itel' they did,
and rwet armnd, with fhrue pitole Ituck in mygLrdle, h.cti Wd--

.o.F. R O INSON'CRUSOilE. ; 6z

ed to..the defeription I have given of myself before, made me
look with a very formidable appearance.
Thus rm' circumiftarcei for fome time remained very calm
and iundilurbed ; and when I compared my condition to
other, I .found it tar from being milerable And, indeed,
ivould all perr":,in crmpare their circumrftricrs, not with tiole
abo'e therm,but with thofe innumerable unhappy obj,-fi be-
eiarh them, I am lre re oe should not bear th.-; daily niur-
mriurinies and complaiingg. that are in the world For my parr,
I wanted biit ikf tl ings. Indeed, the terror whichh hie fav-n,
ges had put me in. fpoiled fome inven'iura rr.r my c wn con-
venrienicn.. One ti my ptoirtas was to brew me forne beer;
a vcry whimsical one Irdeed, ihen it i conrid:-d ihar I had.
Sneither calls luficient, nir could I m.ae any nt prefcrve it .in;
siethitr had I hops to make it keep, ielt to make it i.ork, .or
a copper cr kettle to make it boil. Perhaps, indecJ, Af or fume
tear6, I might bring this to bear, as I lad done other things.
But now my inventris were placed anoaibhr way; and day
and night I cjuld thtnk .f nothing but how I might oittroy
fbme of thefe cannibals. when proceeding to their bloody en-
tcrtainmen.s : and fl, favnig a vtif;m fiom being facr Ftccd, th-t
he might after become my fervarl. blay .%ere my contit-
vances'after ,bis purpose, and as nrany more objeaions occur-
red after I hatched them. 1 cnce conirived to dg a hole
.under the place i.here they mad4 their frue. and put rherinrive
or lix pounds of gunpowder, which ,.r-oud conlliuenily bo.v
'*p all thofe -hat .ecre near it: but then i-i.a6 li.t to fprind
fo much uJp:l them, left itAhouid. noi do that certain ex-.:u-
tj.n I could defirt, & bu only affright & riot kill tbem. Hayv-:
ahg Jaid:this defign alide, I again proposed to myltlf t lie Fri
'a:ety in ambuib, in f,-me coinvnitnt place, -'ith my thrieeuns
double loaded, and !rt fly at :hem in the mdflt i ohcirdred-.
jul ceremony : and h:-oig killed two or three of thmn atzevery
lhor, fill upon the reft Inddet'y v, ith my three pillo's, & not le
one muthrr's fIm ticape. T'-is imagination pleafed-my fancy
Jo much that ult.i to Jream of it n the night time.- To put
my oihgn in exicution, v.as notlong in Icek;rg for a pFlce
convenient frr my'purpole, where unfeeni might behold very
action ot the favgces. Here Iplaced my twpa mufkets, each:
of whichh "'as loaded unb a brace of flugs, and four Ir ive
smaller bullets abuut the lize ofpiftcl bullets ; the tN. ling-prece
w s charged with near a hLndful o the larg.ft fwai'.fhqt, and
in every piRlol .wee. ab.Lu four bullets.,- And thui all rthngs
Bingg prepared, n.i (ooni would the welcome light fpread-over
the elemiTtet, but, ,it c.a cart't fr eat',r.', as the Scrip-
ture h4s ik, 0ould I lTuhe forth from n y caftle, arA
trom a lofty hill, three miles diflant, \ie"' if I could'eee any
in aiders approach uulav ully to r-y kingdom. But having
waited in Vain i.o or thrce nmor.the, ai not only grer very


tireflime to me, but brought me to fome confederation, andi
made me examine myfelt, what right I had to kill thefe crea-
tures in tliBs irarnn:r.
If (argu-d I to rryIel)fhi)tuntinatral cuflom of theirs be a fin
c.lcnliib to Heaven, it belongs to the Divine Being, who alone
hab the Jndi6tive power in his'hands, to Ihower down his ven-
,geance upon thb m. And perhaps he does fo. in making them
b ticme one annther'l executioliers. Or. if not, if God thinks
thFto doiirgs jut, according to the kIowledge they conceive,
w-hat authority have 1 to pretend to thwart the decrees of
Providerce, which has permitted thee adlions for fo' many
agei, perhaps from almost the beginning of the creation 'They
rcver offended rr.e. what right have I then to concern myfelf
in their ftedding one another's blood : And, indeed, I have,
filnce known, th-y value no more -to kill and devour a captive
Taikn in'war, than ive d6 to kill d olx or eat muttdn. I then
c 'inclidedl t necefai'ily followed, that thefe people were no
more murderer- than Chiulians, who many times put whole
troops to the f'vcrd, alier throwing down their arms.-Again I
cortilerUd, that if I te I Iupon them, T flurild be a5 much in the
wiongg as the Spaniards, who had committed the greatest bar-
baiities upon. thefe people Who had never offenrtd them in
heir whole lives : asif the kingdom of Spa;n was ethinent .for
a 1acrt- f men wit tout ccmmr.n compaflion to the milerable,-a
principal fign of the mrlt generonir temper: thtfe coniidera-
tions made me panr ard made me think I had tAken wrong
meluret in rmv rtetoluttr:. : I nowi argued r ith mrvflf, it was
better for me never to attack, but to remain uidiftedered as
long aS I pollibly could: that aiioppofite cr.ndutl would certa;ny
proce dfctrucite-: fcr ac it mas flarcely to he fuppofed i could
hill thrm all, I might either be overporeed by the remaining,
or that fme c:capnig, niiht bring thousands to-my certain
defliu'tir.n. And, ind-ed, religion took their part fi. muob as
to con\i-ce me how coiltrary it was to my duty to be guilty
of h;edding human blood, iinri'cenh as to mv'pirticulai, wvht-
Seva tihy re' to one another that I had nrothtm to do with
it, but clave it to the Godi of all pk-er and doitinkincra; I
frid bFl:re, to do th-retn w'hat fetrnme conienicrtt' toh is'hta.
venly n ildom. And, thrcf.:re,r.ri niv nee': thahked the 'Ah tiih-
ty for delivering me from blnc.d gliltircfs, anet begged his
pioteetirn that I might never fall int6 their baud;.
Thus giving over an atterhpt which 1 bad ralhly-begun, I
rlever afcended teb hill i n that occilion iaerwarda: only re-
removed my boat. whibh lay on the other fide of the if.lnd,
and every thing ithbr belOneed to .Fer, towards the eatlt; nm
4 little cvwe; that there riigiht not' be -the leaf flYhdow of any
boat near. ,r babi-atinr uprin ihc l-nd:- lvM ciRlle'thtrrbe.
Camemy ccil, ke:pin lwai s retried in it; etccp;"when went '
cut to milk. my itie-gati,' and ordt may little look in the
o:-:: dy /4

,-R O I N Sp9N -A;W R.U S 9v 63

w ,od, whicn was quite out of danger : for ftre I was th'.
Sthefe favige6 never came h-re wLh expectations to fi.d wany
thing, confiquently nev;r w-ndered fronm the coaft" however,
ai they might have several times been on flhdre, as well before
a3 atter my dreadful apprbhenfions, I looked back-with horfor
to think in hat ft.lte I might have been, had I fuddenly mret
them I1e -dtrlv armed, with one gun only loaded uith imal!
ihot ; arnd how great would have been my amazement, if, in-
ri id of feelng the print ofrone man's,foot, I had perceived
fiftrere cr tweity fava-e', who having once iet their eyes u'on
ne, by the fvidtnefh of their feet would have'left me 'lo pof-
Ability of efcap,'ni ? Thcle thoughts would fink my very foidl,
fo that I would fall into a dep melancholy, till firch time as.
the confiJeration of my gratmide to the D nme Lting moved
it from my heart. I then fell into a contemrparion of the ec-
ret springs of Pro;vdence, and how wonderfully wp are deli-
vered, when infenible of t ; and when irariaTrel in uncertain
mazes or labyrintls of doubt or hesitation, what secret hint di-
raCt us in the right way, when we intended tgo o0'tf it.
nay, perhaps contrary. to our bufitiefs, fenfe or inclira:iin.
lpnn which, I fixed within me this as a certain' rule never to
dilobev thofe fecret- impreflions of the mind, to the acting or
not acting any thing that offered, for which I yet could' affign
no reason. But let at be how it will, the advantage. of this c6n-
dtU~ very cminently appeared in the' latter part of my abode
on this illand i I am a ftrarger in determining whence'thefe
feeret iptinatiorn of Providenre derive; yet methinks"'tfey
are not only f.ome proof of the converfe of fpirits, buit alfo.
of the feciret omriunications they are firppofed to .hve with
1thTfe that: have not .paffed through the gioI mV vale of deaLh.
Thefe anxieties of mind, and the care ot my prlfervation, put
a ptri6d to all future inventions and contrtv.inces, either lor
ac:ommodatinn or convenience. I-now cared not to drive a
mail, chop a Itick, fire, a gun, or make a fire, left either the
noife should be heard, or the fmoke difcover-me. And on this
account I ufed ta butn- my earthen *are privately in:a",bct
which 1 found in the wond, and whbch I made convenient for
that purpose; the principal cau!i that broiie .tmie here w*as
to make charcoal, fo that I might bake and alrefs my b:ead
and meat without any danger. At that time a curious arcidJnt
happened me, which j hall now relate.
While I-Was culttng down fome wood for making my char-
coal, I perceived a cavity behind a very thick branch of under-
wond. Curious to look into it, 1 attained its rrouth, and per-
ceived it fifficient for me to fland upright i.i. But when I
had erteted, and took a further iiew, tw., rolling;4laiijig eyeT,
like flaming Rar S.ech:ed to dart themitlvei at me F tohat I
made all the hafte not that I conuWl as. ntt knowi'me ih hther
it twas the d vil ora monfter that had taken h;, rlfidence in
SG th

V L F'-:f J.A:" A D V.E MNT IC'E;S
tbat place. When I recovered a little frim my firprifa, T ca1q
led myfelfathouland fools, for being afraid to fee the del
one moment, who hadd nowlived ahnoft twenty ycars. in the
moRl retired solitude. And th before refumiug ll tme courage I
had, I took a flamirig firebrand, and in-1 rushed again. I hid
not- proceededabove, three Ileps, whe- I wai more affrighted
than before ; for then I heard a very loud .igh. like that cf a
human creature in the greatdt ac -.iy, lucecedcd r;th a brol-en
-noife, rfertmlling words half '.preffed, and then a broken tign
agr., Stepping bhak, Lord! .thought I to iny'elf) .I ~err, am
I g',t, into what enchanted .a;.-e laz', I pi r.! ,.,r:.' l, i.fi' at
4re r reported to contain mferai .'t Capti-,: ,', ..".' ps iVa sr
to: their forrow7?- And, indeed, in fiich greai arnazet'rt
was I, that it truck me .into acold. fwer :.nd Ihai.my h:.t
be en on my.head, Ibelieve my hair would have moved .t off.
But again eneouragine ml feh- with tEe hopes of God's protec-
tion. I proceeJed forward, aid, by the ligelt of my firebrand
perceived it to be a mir.nftrou, he-goat, lying on the ground,
gafping for life, and d'ing of mere rld age. At t.rl I it'tred
him, thinking to drive himh out, but the poor ancient crea-
Sture ftrove:to get- upon his feet, but was'not able; fai e'en
let him lie ftill- to affright the favages, fliouldt they venturee
into this cave. I now looked. roui d me and found the place'
but fr;2ll and fhapelefs. At the farther side of it, I perceived
4 fort of an'entrance,- yet lo low, as muft- oblige me to creep
upon mny hands & knees to it; fo, having no candle, I fll'pernd.
ed my enterprise till the next-day- and then I came provided'
with two large,ones.of my'own making. -
Having crept upon my hands and iet, through this firait, T
found the roof higher up, I -think about tinery feet. But
firely mortal never faw fuch a Floricu scht hefrre! The
roof and-walls of this cave rrfleced a hinndred tbofind lights
to me from my two candles, as though they were indrnted
'with hinirg gold, preciou flone;, or sparkling drnmonds. And
indeed it -was the mol.delightful cavity"'or grotto bV; :its kind
that could be desired, though entirely dark.,. 'he floor was
dry and level, and had a kind of gravel Iuprn if n nriiife,'iu
venomole creatures to be feen there, neither any damp or wet
about i. I cou:d find no fault but in the en'r:.nce, and I beg n
Sto think that even thiq might be very neef'ary for my defence,
and therefore relblved to make it my molt principal nmapa-
aine. I brought hither two fowliag-pi.-ce-, and three mufket',
leaving only five piece at my 'callle, pla'lted in the nature-ort
cannon. Of the barrel uf gunpowder, which I took "up out of
the fea, I brought away about sixty pounds ol good pewdtr,
which w?.a not damaged : and-thi,. watha a ci-eat quantity uf
leaj, r bullets, I removedtrom my cafle to this "retreat,'now;
fst-ficd toth by art and a;Wre ,. ....: r.r ..:

1;**9 9 9 9

o'tonrflstn texua to.' 6

T fined mv'elf now like one of the giant r F old, who Werev
fiid to live ih cr er and loles ainong the rocks, iraccrffble ft
an'' but ,hemfelvcs, nr, at 21att, a mnft dangerous to attempt.
And noa I d fpifed both tte cunritng- adt ftrehgth of the fava-
ge, either to C.n- me out or to'hlut nie. r
SBr I mi'6i nt forgett the old goa',' Which canfed ny lite
di?-adtil aTia.-rent. iThe poor creature gave up the ghoft the
d-y after my difcovyry'_ & it beifig difficult to drag hintmout, I
dug bhs grav., and honaoTriably entombed ain in the-fame, plice
.,hei he di-piritc witlhs :mtich ceremony. as any Welch
g.-..at |at hsi b'en titerried aboftt the high niountainPemnari-
- think I was r.ow in the twentyA-tird year of my rign, 'and
my 'thoughts rmucha easier than tfrmerly, havnrw contrived fr.
yv-a' ;.r t y ar'.lfrmens and 1lbe r'eins to pjfk way the time
;n a p'1ilart manner. By this trm my preftv Poll had learned
to fpaki E:e!i'hh, '.rd prorn. ,wce his ovirds very arrccularvty
ard plain 1: that for many howars ie ufed to chat'to6gthe&t
attrr a ta:iI''ar manner, nd he iried with mne noai'f thin Iwen-
fy-.ix ~ j'arq. My d\,g which ,a3 nineteen ycars old, ,ix'(en of
which he lived with me, di-l lame time avo -t mcre cl.-
age. AS for rr.y ca, tthy multiplied In a3l. that I wis for-
cJ to ':ill .,r drive them into the wor-d, except two or three
wtieh bcaIme my plarticlar faltouriea. -Beride, ihei:. i ccrt'-
nu;illy k:pt tv ) c.r three haufchold bi s about m.:, .hic.h I
learan .to teed rutofmy hand,. and tWb rmore p-rrots which
toL-.loi !. irdiffr-rently, and call R.iin;,'i' Cr.:ir bar not fl''.:
cdl.ently as toe filt, as not taking tbsit pirs with them. I a.d
fldo fc'eral lr-'-owi-' wl:nci I had- wound:! and .cul Feire-
tvn'6s; and gr-.v.irrg l ..e, rhey u!ed to breed am'rn the
low -,irTee at'r ut my cafli waths, all which mide ety abcde
aei agrcfible.
But wht un-..,r:f.en evertt fuddrely defircy the rrjoymenr,
of trl u.ic.:rt.:Nu fi-ne of lifeI. en we I aft te.p-et then! it
tv.ls no,, the rr.rnlth of Dtcember, in ith i-c -al loiflirce,-
and prticular ti-e of rn.y' harvelt, which required my attin-
da-lce in the d.ls: \wbcn goirig riutpretty canr/ one mrcrnmr,,
-.efrire it 'va' day- ighr, there appeared t.i r.ic, frr m trfe Ic
-*hore, a flmmiar gighti, iboat two'miles from'ri- at ti.e talft nd
of the 'lir,!. where I I.ad obf;rvel'foie':'..nges had been.bJi-
f.--re, no: on the other E;de, but to my great zffliffton, itwa'ohn
my iA t'e 'lan. '- d
Stir-k n'7rlh terrible fuwr7fe, and *my uli,;al appre'-e.nhnn,
tliat th tar ae.s s u uld ptrceiv. rr.- impi r,.. -m:iTnts, I returrnCe_
dre-"ily to n.v caliie, pul:d the l.,idei trL-r me, m-,. i-ng a1T t
tfrmga '.:ok s i'ld a.nd natur.il a I pc.iTbly conudc 1 ri:r
ntxf p'ce, I cur rr'.,) I'.Iinci a p-Pure it d rc-tee, oibadi'ing iy
rnnllke t and pill l-, aind committirri mrriylfct t' Gob's-~prFctitin,
I r.tcvedt to a.end mi.-fi till my la.k betitc., Two hcuis PF-
G ter,

A -' **H" "'* ... '
L IP F .A VtN -A1-X S S,

ter, im-ciicni for intelligence, I fet my ladderup to-the si&t
of. the 1:il, r tiretheie was a fit place, and then piling tbe
Ja'dder after men afcrrnded to the top, .where lAving mylelf on.
mo belly, ii:h my pcrlpidive gi.i-, I pierce ved no l-Ci that-
rine naked f .'g--, hitting round a mall hre, ea-Lig, as I Ilppo-
fed anm Ir f9: k. n ith their twv car.-.e hb-ed on fhore, waiting
Lit the fl. d1 t.) carry th.bm c.tf acan. ;You cannot cIlily, ex+
'pites the confteruation I was in atthi. fght, e'pepi ly fT cin
he'imnear me; but when I perceived theic coming mull be,
?1Vw';ys with-the. cu"rrert of the ebb, I b-came .morite efy ip'my
ifo ,t ,. being fully convinced that i mrrigt io abr.:. with
fecn ity all the time of flood, if they were 'not b fnt e 1 Ade, .
'And ,indeed,-this pT ved jouft as:I imagined; for no foodrer did
:t bll iil :'.'i b.it and paddle away, butl th. tiJ- made N.'r. ...
1 rr':re tiry w -rotoffthey danced, -makirig r-'ui'ul.oul poflurt
a.ri. gefures (orabove an hour, Al1 fi.rl r lked : bur whvlit' r
men or a rLl or both, Icould not percerve. 'A hen I 1'w\
thrm zon I I.ok two guns upon yri'l Ilu. !ldrr :nd placr.g i
couple (,I pCl is in my.belt with m p ret l[.'ort hmc. ring by
my f.'e, er t- tothe hi!l, 'whe:r a t r it I made lIcvetC.
ot thf: cirrnbil', R.ad theb-, i there hid ber 're e tsrm,;
more of the fa'.-e: cn Ihorre .! tb.at plai.' which wait the rt.t
,c re rrakir- .cr% t, thIe rcn n hu-d.
But nothirc- cold be ra;re .: tir; to me, when going '.oih
place if facrifice, th.: blocd, tie bones, a31d other mangled
pi'it of himnan bdie. arpF:rcd in try-fliht: tan.J o fired was
I with ind'-niatkn, that I was full relclceds to be revcened on
the fia that rame rthre, th.; ALh I loll ntv I 1 in tle c.s-cltion.
it 'l'en ar p',ar td to r. Cti 't the i\; Jr..i,. i th.v-rmikc to this
inflrid- e rnit iTery Ir' q cen', it bLirin i'i r I e nmi.-iIts be'orethty
Sea. a zgai; a hut ftrll I v.a3. '(rv n-iay. I r rcdln ,.i he ci4rnal
Sapprhrnl'to Pi3 -f ticm r lih 'rln.ig r.nae i-n .. ; wn r dared- I.
offlr to fire i g'.r onthat fic'r o th c illird. i e. tI!ev i:fed t
'appear.!left, taking' the alarrr tie iiv '!.v i.gt t return wartA
ma nIT haind t VAr r d iirJn z _. "tilkn ,,.T it n ..lat irrAn-er I
jhor-! hlve Tr. lr my fnd Thbi- i-nj [ a ',tr or more bz'ore
I faw nv ofI It'-li' I].: % during c in'.ibi ac1.,-rn
Butll t.-i ive tbi, th- foil-wi.t: aciJcdnt, .,which demnands-at-
tent..n. 1i.r a whiile efl( L-d tle foturce ot iry ihoutl.t in reverg-
in mi L if -n thnr l Hlcith,:-n.
O Cn the x6th o6FMay accordingg to my ,cre'd'n c-lender) the
w Ehd l cw et.crc;li,' berd. .accompanid c-ilh .,A'! lance 4f
Sigir tiing and thander all day, and fitcceeded by 'a vr.y- ftor-
rniy nig). ,The feemting anger of tse i i''.ns ilarmae ort have
rrcoirif tu my Bible. ; Whitk I was fcrir.ully pon.'enTr; ipo I
it, I ws ftiddenly alarmed with the noil'c ct a U-i, I which I
, .cojeRiredd.as .fired.u.pen the ocean. :..uch an unllltnl fur-
Sprie made n-e i art lip in a minute, where, with-my ladder. af
Iding the mouata~a na before, tha very mrnment a lialli ~

'*Ce. 1* 43 -7

WLt-irefa e th'e repot of another gun. which 1 prefently heard,
a','dfonnd !t ws;firnm hat part of the fea where th- cirreit
drove me awry. "4 cbu'd Lot but then think, that thi miuft be a
S'-fii, in dfTrel', ?nd .'at thefe were the milinchtn'y fi;gna' for a
-tpe dv delivvrarce. 'Grai, indeed, was my forro'w irpo thisnc-
cifin: but my labnou- toaIWt them-rmuft have proved altogcib-
erv.in&Crtrrlief. Ibjwe.'-er, I brought toe:hi'r-a' the dry wood
ther was Iat n '; ", 1 mit ng a pretty large pile, let it oh fire
0fT the :hill.'- wa. certtai they p:ainly perceived it. by their
firing another, ctin a' f)nn as it began to bh'e, and after thdt
several more fr,,m the farle quarter. All night long I kept up
ny fire: and when the air cleared up, } perceived lorrethin .
'grest way at fea. direftlv E. but could] nt'diflinrpni(h what it
.was, even witlh my glift, by reafon the weather was fo very
fngey out nt fr-. However, keeping my eyes dircdlly fixed-
upon it, and percei;irig it did nor r -r, I nrefertly concluded it
mutt be a thlp at anchor and fI very hally I %vas to be satisfied,
thit ta-knis the gru,' fven- to the 3. E. part of the island, to
'the fme roc;B where I har! beenr formerly drove away by the
current ; in which ti;rmc 'he weat.!er being pertcCt!r clt red up,
to my great forrow, I perc;ived the wreck of a Ihip cidt awai
upon thole- hidd-n'rncks I toarid when I 'as out( wr-tl-nmy
boar: and whici, by making a kind ofan eddy, werethe occa.
5on of my prir-rvation. : ; "
Thiust/.: r .. .an'rs fa tv isr anothr'k rd,; tfor undoubtedly
this lh p ha. been (lIdrnn on them in the rught, the wind;hlow-
Sing ftrong at E. N" E.'I-Thd they percr-ive i the ifhnd; sal row-
pueff~l, they had net, cert-;nly, Infted u? firiEgthtere uns for
help, they wonld raitFr have vcwiurrd in their b-at. anrd IavId
rhemfeivta that way.- I then thought, that pcrliapiA.-he'hac
done to, upon PF.,ing m'y fire, and 'were cat ai ay in the Aftmpt;
for I per.cr[ved no boat ii'ttheffiip. Bitt tlhei I aa'_n ima:i-".J,.
-thir. prrhap., th.y had another veffel in company. which, iip'.n
final, laved rteir lives, and took the b.ot uo. c.r L'iat the b:-,t
mru'hted driven into the main ocean, where'thefe poor cteaturgs
migt t be mn thei- mi rtilirt ble con.mt.n.- But as all thCele
i'rtiet!hFica 're very uncertain, Ircould do no mnre then cir.'--
mil'vte their. ditref, .ini thaik God for delivering -mg, ai
p.arricultir, when or.ianny pr'fihed i, thqe aging ccean.: :;
When I c'rnfidr-ed ferioutly- every thing cbncerniag-. thi4'
wrecel, r0d c- i'1 perceive no room to tippofe any of then
fave.1, i canp ot eKpqin,- by any poffib!e force of Word!, "ha.t
hlng3rip ry inil felt on tlii nrccfilon,-ofteinbreaking -out it
th nnr. thh rnner t there- had-hain b i e two'r- three, nayreva;
e prfsv: fi.-,d. :l'.i, rU, n.riPh bhare ii'-v '..a:- r, converfld
nw:.', a-tnd co/ rf-t i o, a ,'.nA.' -d r) much rei- r.:";desires
':n'moi'ed; *thatfwhen.'I rep-ated. tEIce we d:, O.il tl t ew..id
S*been butca : my: h.-:., m.-i ul c' ecch t -,ether. anian y.fi :rs
p- r.l the palms' of my hands fo clofe, that, had; any fjit thnrg.
G 3, bee-

6bitt & S 1'E-,AND A. Dt V rNY E,&B;

;been betwsen$it would have crushed it.involuptarilyw hle.pr.
tecth would strike together, and fir againfit eac othter.lo Ihog1,.
that it requiired iome time tor me to par.t thtm.
Till the laft year of my being on thip ifland, I never knhw-
whether, or notany had been laved cut ofthis ihip 1 had the
afflidion,. fome thie after,. to fee the corpie ot a drowned.boy.
come on lhore,,at tie end of the ihlnd which was next the
fluipwreck; there was nothing on him but a feaman's w.iftcoa,.
a.pair of openedkneed linen drawcre, and a blue linen thirt, bqt
no particular. mark to guefl what nation. he was of. Jn him
pickett were two pieces of eight,,and a tobacco-pipe, the laft of
which I preferred much move then I did.the firft. And now the
calmnels of the lea tempted me to venture o,. in my. bat to
thin wirecc, not only to get fomethuig neceflTry out of the ship,
but perhaps, lomeliving creature might be on board, whole lite
Imigbt preserve. This had fuch an influence upon my Ir.in;.
that immediately I went home, and prepared every tning
necefirty for. the. v-yatg, canryin: on board my boat provrtiofta
ef-all forts, with agood.qjiantiiy of r,um,,fr fh-water, and a cnp-
pal.: fo. putting off, 1 paddled the canoe along the fhoai, till I
came at taft to the north-eaft part of the iffand, fromn whence .
was to launch into the ocean but here the currents ran fo.
violently, and appeared f' terrible,, that my heartbegan to fail
me; forefteang that if I was driven into a-y of thleC currents, I
migbt.-b carried nat only out of reach.,r- fight of the island, but',
even inevitably loft ij the boiling furges ortue ocean.
So oppreffed was I at thefe troubles, that I gave over my
-er.teripiz:, falling to a.lhtde creekon tne (fore, where flepp ng
oktt, I let me doan on a riling hill, very penfive and thoughtful..
I then perceived that the tide wasturned; and.tte flood came
on, which ajJde-itimpiaclicable frr me to goont for, n many;
hoHrs. To be mOire c. rtin how the fete.of tU t'des or currents.
lay when the 8qpd came in, I ascended a-higher pice. ot ground&,
which ove looked. the I'e both ways; and here I fc.i~nd that as
the current of the ebb l:t out cleic by the loatt. point of he .
island, to.the currer.t. c.f the ojod ftr in dole by the horatof the
ri rth fide: and ill that I bad to do. was to keep to the north o':.
the illnd in my return..
That night l.repoied myfelf in-ty -canoe. covered wittb-jy. .
watch co.t,. instead ofa blanket, the heaven being my tcflfr 1I
fet oaL with the fl.r of the-tide full north, til! I felt the benefit
oftlth current, which carried me at a great r.te eftward, yet
i-at with fuch imrpctuority a; before, as to take from.meall
government of m) can.-': 19 that in tw. houriL rme I came up
tothe wreck, whbch appzar.d to me a m-lt nearctholl fight- It
f, med to be ia S-anllh veifel by it; buLt r ng,JtL:k frit between
two rocks&;, her ftern and qi arier t~aien to ptlcee by the le-;
Ani mirnmaft arid fprenmaft were brought off by the board, that
i Lbrhken off litol. 4M I ap, roach d n ar, i ptrc.vred a d!.t ou

ar 1r6Q.B -.NiSJ Rk: C I UrS:OrEz

.&prdjWho.fde.iag. me coming, yelp?-d and cried, and nb foo'-
.ertd I call him, but the poor er-arure jump, ed into the lea
rcw' of which I[took him.up, almolet firilhid, wilh hunger and'
'har ; to. that wthn I-gave him a cAke of breaj, no ravenon-
woLt. could devour .it morc grcedily; arnd her i ,nk t., that de-
gree of r.clhi water, that he would hare bairf hiurielf, bad I luf.
fred him.
The frit fight I met. with in thIe fhip, wjre two mien dr.von-
ed in the cook-room c;& foitcaftl', inclked in one another's
prms: hence lvcry probably upprl dJ. that ; ln there vajFljrack
in the fiorm o high arid mrTraj.*iy drJ h.: I-b.cy'. reak in and
ever her, that the rrne nwr i ri j.. agl toi bear it, -*uer2rirang,
hd by the conftAti ru t'!ng in o] tihe 'u.ve. There were levc-
rI cafks rof Irqji.r, w.hethtr wine or brandy I could hot be :
pilitive, which lay in the lower hnld): .b were plainly percep :
tilk by the ebbing out .t ILLe watcr,. yet wore too large for '
me:to pretend to. meddle with-; Itkei i; I perceived tevera4
cheis,. whiichi L ppOled, to bcloirg to t'ie learn, two ot--
.wjieh I gvt into myi boat,wthn-,u cmLrnming what was in
them. Had.the fttrn or the lbh p bean fix.:d,.and the Lorepat ,
broken olT, I Ihould have;:made, a. very. profperou voyage.;
fipce.by what Iafte"r tiundlin Ihefe tnw chcft.,. I cold not .
otbherviir. conclude,., but that the ih;pr muf, have abundance
of wealth on boardd. nay, ii I' inun guela by the coutfe he -
fteered, Ihe muff have been bound from. t;.e Bu-nos A.re ,%
or the R o de la Plata,. in the fouthein parts of Amer:c, be-
-yord the Br-=il-, t, the Haraniah,i in the guif'of Miexiq, and
lo perhaps to .pain. What.became of. the reft of the iarlort.
I, could, not ccitainlv itll; andiall her riches fignified nothing:-.
.ar that time to any : bo ,-
Searching further, HIfound a cafl. containing about'twenty
gallonu,.fll ot I qucr, which, with obme labour, I got into may
,boat; in her cabin u ere. fev.ral mi.uflkts,; .which 1 let reman..
there, but ''irk Vway with me aigrcat pow.!eI eor with abuLt ;
ouni p .bunds ',; powder, in it. 'I took. alib a tire-thovel, ans, '.i
tong-, two bil s kettles, a, copper pot to snake chocolate, '
and a p il'ro, ; aL *whichorwere extremely neceffary to mc .
elp.:cally the fire-Ihovel andtongs.. And. lo.with this cargo,.
accompanied with ry dog,J came away, the tide fervina for'
that purpose;. and the Jame-evening .about an:h L.ur within
nigLt, I-attained the ifland- after the greater toil and fatigue.
That night Ire p.fed my wearied liinibainthe boat, tefolving the
next-morning to harbour whatlhad gotten in my new-found, fiha..
tcrr.in -u t;roti.); t nr i 'o.carr my cargo home to my, antient.
calfle. Halvng r.irtihel m m.i t, ani.lgot ill my. feetsoni horel. -
rext pr-ce .Ld t.. exnimin: tlhe pairtioulars.; andL.fo tapping the
cak, I foiiod -i :iqi, r t a he a '.itd.of rum,but not lite what
we had at t:ie Br;:.ri ... c r indeed ear Ia good.. At the open.-
S. aing

L& I IFE 'AN WY1V9(14 UTr -i

ing of the cheft, fever? things appeared 'erf ufefifll*to tri
-for irflance, I.-tound in one a veryli e care of- bttlers, containing
the fineft and befl ihrta ot cordial'watersr; each bottle he'-rabotii
.three pints, ciirto'ly. tipt with- fitref. I-faod allo t wo-fpit
fall of the choiceft sweetmeats, and tronindreWbich tlTi water
-lhd.utterly fpRed. There were likePife *friaI good fiiifirf
- exceed.ngly'iwe'come to me, ad ablntt onedoaen and ahalf
-W'hite liner handfkerchi-fs and colored neekcloths, the farreer
;ofwhict was abflintely neceffiry for wi-ing my Aie irr a bdt
i ay; andi; in the till; II found three bags ofp'e:esof eight, about
) leven bundred in all, in one of whicn, decently-wrapped up it
aoirce -ot paper, were fix dobloions of gold, and fmnte fmi'a
bks B d w tdges of the 'ame metal, which I beIel-ve might w~vJjh-
ea.r .* pound. In the ottr-r chr-t, which I gueflfd-to belong to
thegaIiruer'S mate, by the mean circunt-.nces wh ch attended it,
S'-und only fome clothes of very liile value, eIcept ab-,ut tdwo
poundPi of ti.e glaied powder, in three thlks, kept, a4 1 belive,
for c:argirng tiecir towlng-peces on any occafin; io that,.on
the" whoc, It ha.1 no greaL aJvantage by this vayage. Th: mio-
oey was in-ieed is mere dirr to me, ufel s and unprofitable1
altl wh;cb I wo-ild hav: freely parted wirch for tw.i or three pa;t
et REglifh ihesi and Rt.iunes.; things that for minvyears I
"ad not warn, except lately tho' %which I had t.ken offthe feet
a 'othcAe unfortunate men i found drowned in the wreck.yet not
4o good as Enghlh fho-s eirhtr farcafe cr fsrvrc'. I aifo found
In the fei-ran's -iher abnrt fifty pieces or eight in royals, bur
no gold io c.-.cluded tat what Itook h-om th fr.~l bloeriged
to ad CfiE.er, the laier app.erine to have a much irnferior period
for its cwrer. Hr.-wver, a; despicable a, the money -feemed,
I litewilf lugged it to my cave, laying tt uIp franrely,-as 'T
did the reft of my cargo : and akfr l had done all this, -re-
'turnel btcalt to my br-at, rowin r and piddlinV her along tll I
came to-my old harboiir, where I cireftlll laid her up. and fo
male tie belt of myn way to my ci!Ile. W hbn t arrnid ttere,
every thing eemcd fi'e and quiet: fo that nowr my only hnfi-
netr-was-tryrepofe myfell aftr my wontel manner, and' take
care of- my dnmeflic affi.u Bit though I Iniht have- lived'
.very eafy, as iantineg nothing ablbintely needful, yet fltilT wi's
moree viglant.than ual upon account cf th f-vage, n-ver
-.vnin much abroad ; or. if I did,-*t wis to the eant part cfthe-
ill.id,,herhcT-hw3 well affured'that the lav'eci nrver came, -d
'where I might not be troubled t carry that heavy r.ad oPwea-
ponss fiP-my.deftnce, vas 3 os aiged'to do ifI wetarthe other
S ;.vo.yeara did I live.rt this anrx -iii condition, in-ll which
Sttmr,' corrntry ')to m forrrtierreiN'iiintnr my head wis filled
with nioing but projettsand'de frgcr, how I might efcape from
Itr., I] il;. ,id,lor much wr;t,my naidcer(ny th .iarhts bent '-on -
Sa ramb-ing dnfpofitton that had I bad tki tardF boat that I went

*V it a- sb N vRtI t

from "Sallce-ip, I Ihon1ld have ventured once more to the un-
certainty of the racing ocean.
cannot, howter," bat cornfier mvle'f v c.ne of the tbappyT
perlono, who make themielve, wrctc;lcd by thete diffTp.t-f tim .
with the stationss which CG .1 ha.b placed tl em in ; f r, not tro
tate a review of my primitive condition, aid. my fiLher', .x..el-
enrat j-ice, the going con'rarv to which w..., ;'s qina fy','iry
orngmni ir, tfe following mistakes of the aine nature'certainly
had been the meana--f my preiort iih-bppy ftatiron. Wtht".
biifines had I to leave a ILttkd fortunL, and well stocked plan.
t ii.n, rmprning ~nd ircreating-, wrete, by this tihf, T might'
have betn worth a hundred thousand moidorcs,. t turn lupir-.
c:aro to GCrea, to irtch Negroet, ;ihen' time and patience
w'iuld io mUch enlarge my fthclu at home, as to-be able tb'em'-
plI.-y thole whole more I.-imedate buhlnefs it-was to fetch then;
ome even to my door ,. :I .
But as tb's ; comnmon.y the htte r.f yorng'headiIfia-ferious
r-nfti c n upon the tolly ot ic order arily attends 'the exercife
ct ttutre year:, rw-.en the dar'b:.u'rt txasri nce o t n:ie Ltc -
ep us repf'.nance. T'rhu w.ti itth rr.c; b. n:t .t rif.nt-
tg tt the t.ugtts of my d:li.'era~ne rtn fi ttro',il:- In my
rn nd, trit it 'eeme. to ehec .1I rhe icr'titces if re.ifon and
ptilolopti-. And Ino to uther in my k- d reader it!i :ret r
p'c-ifure to 'Le rertimning pait cf rr.y Telatli n, I flRrcr myt-lt
it wil not be taken anmif, to give [hiri .n X'.|Pe2lrI cft-my
Iiril cc.ocptionq of the manner of efcipir:g, ap t upnn.-itad
fourd~ticn I laid mry toroifi fce-m;,. *: w
Ha-ing. retired t..y> y cattle, athi my l te .- vc.: fbt t-e Si;p,
my irigate lairt ip and Itcured, asMuilal. .'"1 my 'c.nlainnn
the -me as bi~. re, ex--pt being Ticbrr, Ih-bu;!i I .. tti Ie
&Wcaii.,l faor 3 r, .; -. a r. re In,'iso- ** Ptr'1 i .-lI r gold, be-
fnre the ciute Spiori'rdia c'n: .nami .rtl'.eats oninigft in
]\lM rch, LIfi;l te r,1 v ict r l tl e '.,nr .J i r.etrt year
t my fulat d-. I l'y do.-i t') Ilep,.: ry we'll in h lhn, wirh-
out cilrmiper piitr, i r r r- i'r.i-i uI: .' r.f' either otl body
or min1 : 'et rotnth'tfadirr.;. i :.:ild rot c tip-.t: myfelfrt
ilI.ep 3-. the night Irng. All this tedious whik, it i; impoffl-
ble ro cxprer tK-L irriuimerible thoaghtsaameint my h-:.d
f tIra:.' qC'i' ol- te -.: hi .,i.ry cf n.) ii tI m-lature,
fir,. ii n!ar' r? .,.:r ra.,ce of .Mi'g. till t1camne 'o this iland,
arid 'ten rr;ca'le toi examine every a&S':B and yalfti:. i t/.bt Id'
.,rred .,,. i tad 1.a ak'"J pAffr of Ra kingdom. In my re-
9i.,It;.ioV L, t the latter,.l was comparing the k-apf.t pldure of
m& !.'Trj I the leinir.n i f _n .lgn, to. tis liJ/ of anvi-.')
jrar, aid J conctrn, fin, i I had dtoiwred a pridt of a fuIt in the
Wtand thatt wuLi I r ntimed .wubhaol approlber.fin, I 4vas mtapa-
i/e of'kdiig the dread and trrro It njifer.ed. How thankful
r- thlr caught I to have beep f.r the hk *wi-de.ot my dangct
line the greatest happlrels one can te.p Afcdld of ts to have
,' ; .. fffi ie

7Z f LP7 X- AND Da A n tVTS N4la t*

fimicient time to provide agrinlt -it? How flipendonrii tTrS
goo- ners of Pr-'wdence, whvch' lets fuchr narrro b'ordsit, the
fightorin knowledge of human nature, that' w d e nen wtilk rn
ihe' midft of lb ritgnv dingers they are kert'1rene an&icalm. byV
having the events of Ifhlnci bid from their eyes andy l wing
nothing of Lhoke many d~'zcrs that firratrd ttem, till permiaps
they are diffipited a-d vaniih away. .'
When I came r .re p'rlicularly to cnnidler o& thie rriea dor.er
I hadfsrf, rnlan)y yearn eot.-,d ; ow I ad nwait 'd abtu: in rt.
greater l.'btritv and Ira,.q ,,try, at alt 'we. ,erhrr.s. *wu.tn evet.
n lll te r i brow 'a f .'i, a -r.-ait re,, o'.r i;: ca('lir.. aIp-
prmarb r 'n sqbh, h.d 'ot rpr t i h'r.:w me an .. e ed.~'uliz e
ha-Is.h *i/ t*. tacl2 qi5., 'Iw ,weiJ Jf..'-:.r iCP Ic o .u -u gosd r:
app tdi, Ia I wo.suld a pige..v or car.,'w ; lurdey atl tills, I ly,
c.,uld not butr make me .incerelv thranltll to myg.'eit Pre-
ferver, whole lingular pr,'etion I acsrnc'i:dpge witth-the preat-
eft humility, 3ld with'.rt which I mu1ft inevitably have fallen
into Lhe cru;l hands ..r t' -.*f desoorers '. I
Having thus dicuiff:d rrne thnughti i the clereft mahnr,
according to my wI.".I undctflandir?, I next prceededi t, c-n-
fider .the uwretz,hd nature ot thnj/ defir'.;,ng .avages. bli'ri g,
LthIgb Lwith great ra.-wrnce, to enqnrre vcsv God iu givre Y0
any of his. creatures to /f. b rnhumnanity, even to br-ja:.-iit irle tlr
to devour iti omr. i.'i ? but as thi .was rather matttr of C;bh
flrule peculationn, and as my miferrble ftuation made ime
think this of mine the moft uncomfortable fltuation in the
world, I tLen began fatherr toirquiier'u pateprrtofrhe 'arld hler
wretciers /lvud in; 6bu- far off t aonafl ji fs:ronm -.othnce rtv,
ram,; 2t wy t hTy -.'tred over /f. far fran hC...ne ii.6.i
kind of brautn ron'vevrd them ieTr ; anid r.i6y f Ir.ud n'ii cL,,P
rnrtl and my .b'~ifc; Jo, iha? I n.og-" bI abce to at'ail itW co.
try, a trby w-rr ;. coime to m'y 4-nqdaJi
: jur-:.hen. thoung 1, t- :' J I na m'r e ry-lref vshe I come
itir lr.? qowat.i i/ become ', me It" tbll into the hands Vo the
fru.,geaj ? or hcw hall I ie ,pe r.te..E h*; i 'th make a n atfe',pt
U~pav mie? q.n4 J'upp fI.- i A /ia' vo? f.i.', rn/o ttthir power,
-ubdst Jhal! I do pr prv fion, r ,i cr v ib u.y ?all I bi',d ifly
ciutfy '-: 'I hefe.'counter te.:.uig's threw mt into tbe' rtateft
*horror aid crinntion imaginab'e ; but then I 1il looked up. "n
pay prik-nt condi.jan to'be the molt minftrbl that poffily
.cou'd be, and that notiitng coul- be w..rte, except dfiTh
For (thougtr'I) prtdd I wut attai the.Arre of '.e minir, I .:ii e t
perhaor. meet M eith fpme relietf; or aUt# '"t alorg, as I dr4d lrt
,rzy boy' Xa), on t- /tfrica'.v/ji r',:"f ilt I 1eare I.. f/me ib habi:ed
-rountry, i dle lt might mert wi'kh fJo e relief. or fid/ -in lhitb
Jame GbhrtliafiiaSip t&at.might rake me i ; an'd tf fiile.i, by
:'thMA. toulda tutr'nmetf wi ath dteat which would pit'-aii end t
sait..mp n&feries. 'TbfsE .ti jiuhtsJ I' muft' conf:fh, '"ere' the
-tantstfe ilateniopregdamindt aaiaipatr-te t pfypr'lretAad 4defi r-
2_ate..as.it were, by log cjntinUaiace ot h trouub.- ni'. dil':p-
-" ." t '. potmtntai

O 6F R. B1 N 'ON :CAi

-intmernts I had met with in the wrck, where T hoped to
h.ve toundfome living pcrl:n to peak to, by whom I rn.ight
have- tnowui in what place I was, and of the pio.bable mear of
n:r deliverarce. Thilt, while my thoughts were agitated, my
retnintion to the will of heaven was entneiy I ulpnrdrd I to'
that I bad no power to fix my mind to am' thing. bit tr the
prnjcet of a voyage t,. the main larld. And indeed fo much was
.1 irtfl med upon th\ .?~ c,-ut, that it ft t my blood irno a fer-
mernt, and my pull beat high, A. though I adc bc'n in a fev.r
til naturt being, a. it %cre, ratigned and exsaaufted with the
thrugEht of it, m ile rrc fubmit m) (cf to a sile t repofe.
In fuch a li'ua ior. it is very flraine, that I'did not.dream of.
what I w;B f- I intent up.:n ; but, instead of.it, my mrid ro-
Sed on a quite drtTer-nt th;ng, ahogethcr foreign. I drcar ed,
that aa I was iffimng from my caflle one m.-rring, as caftom-
arv, when I perccierd uprn th( Ihore two canoes, and'eleven
'fata,''es coming to land. who h.d brought with them another
Indian, wl.cm they deir'ned to make a larrifice of, in order.tb
devror ; but juft as th~; wcri- g:ring to give the fatal blow, me-
thcng'Lt the poor dtfinecd vmt'-m lumped a'.v.y, and ran diret '
Iv into mn little thicl. groVy before my t.,'rtication. to abl
lcend from his ererr.ic, when perceiving that the others did
not follow him that y.ay, appcar(d to him; that-hehumbly
kneeled down before me, feeling to pray for my affiftance;
upon which I Ihowed him iny ladder, made him afcend, carried
him to my cate, ard he became my servant; and \her, I had
gotten this man, I faid to mnyfelf, now Jurely I may ha fve fort
.hopes to attain the main land ; fr this fellow ewi4lfireV r:e .;s
a pilot,t ell me 'whatb o do, and where mtn go for pr ':,.';rs,
oirt l places to ,4'n, ,i"it 7o 1'0nture to,and 'what to jecape.
But "wben I awaked, and r und all thefe inexpreffible impref-
fions cfJoy entiret) vanilhd, I fel into the greatest dejction
of spirit imap- ablr.
Yet the's dream brought me to refl-i, that one fare way of
escaping wva~ to get A tavage ; that after .1 had ventured -my
life to delivrc him from the bloody jaws of his d.evurerr,-
"the natur:.l fenfe Ie might have of fuch a prefervaticn. rrigh)t
inspire him with a lafling pranru.'e and moft fincere affettion.
But' ten this .ebletir n teafinably interpofed: how a-n: Tff.
Jefi this. vb. ur' t.w it6r' I attack a 'whole avc;r.'nr of terms,
asd hill Xicm all? way A uld prrcetr oi pnch a operateat e at-&
tempt, uotiqtb mi: fe'lp/r r.brf,'r fua gjdcd to he un,'aufl'?
anulfideed 'my 'hcert trembrld at rtc ttt. upgh of 'o much
blood;, thoidph it were a means to pr-cure my deliverance.
ATis itue, I miebt rcaf nal-ly enough fupp.Ife tee'e n-'n to be
real enemi-- to my life, men who w.-.t.0 devour tme, was it ip
thtir.powert, fo that it was (t!t pref-rv:tio" in the t.igneft de-
grek-to free myself,. by attacktin them in my own dirence, a2
'la full, as if they were actually affulting mc-: though all
thei- te


7, N T U 1]14, S
tbefe things, I ify, f emed to me to be of the greatest weight,
vy1, as I iu a iard before, the dteadful.thoughts of shedding *hu-
r.mn blon ', fl rck fuci,a terror to my foul, that it was a lopg
tim- b-re I doul:1 rrcor.ci'e myself o it.
But h w I.Lt will the ardrncy of desire prompt us on ? For
rltx nthflal.d'n tr.e.miny d iputes and perp'exitc's I had with
Y r i.l'lt I .t length rrloloed, right or wrong, to get one of
theft favagE' into my hMnda,coft what it would, or even though
SI .'u'd lo.'- my li in the attempt. Inspired with this firm
reioluti.'., I for a'l my wits at w.rk, to find out what mte-
lliods T should take to an wer my d-Jin: this, indeed, was
io di 'ct.lL a taSk, that I could n>t pitch upon any.probable
r'.eai. t.- execute it : I, therefore, refolved continually to be
in a vgihr.t pcituei, to perceive when the favates came on
fib re, and to lea;e the reft to tEe tvent, let the oppottunitica
rfffer.;I they would. -
:I Such v./ rry Ex teftJlutions ; an aerordingly I fet myself
rpuN tre l Ct*), as often as I cou'd, till fuch time As I was
.t' rttiy t: r-d -.f it. I waited fir above a yeir and a half, the
gre.,teft p't p o' w .ich 1 went oMt to the weft, and fduth-welt
c.-rrer of thr illj d, alm. ft every day, to liok for canonen
"but non ap-pare.z This as a very great discouragement
yvt, th.-:h I wis '.ery nrmuch crcerned, the edge of my de-
S.11n Rwa as keen 2, eve, and the longer it feemed to be d6
]a ed, the more eig.:r waa I for it : in a word, I never before
was lo.careful to biiun tle lo.tPing sight of tbtfe favages. as
.1 ia ICstov erzei t, be with them ; and I thought myfelf fuf-
fcie.-tly able to anai.-ge tlrrr., lb 'sto' *ake them my entire fliver, to do whatsoever I
Should dircit them. and. prevent their he:ng able at any time
to do 4n- a Tr.ifcHeF. lMany timon did i ute to pleafe myllf
.with thie- 'hoiliht. with lone and ardent expe-atrnons but
n'-.thn, prefiirii.n a'l my JeLp 'projeifed fehemes and "nun.-
ernu. fa cies viaihe aO' a\V, as though, while I-refained fitch
tlh uchts, the decree..ot Prodidence was fuch, that no favages
were t6 come near *te.
Ah.l-t year and a half after, when I was ferionty musing
of 'in irv other wivs how I Ti ld attain my end, one mor-
n'ng early I very much ifrpried by f[ ing no lefa than
hv, canes all on fl .re tgerher, on my side the ifland, and
the fav3';ra that brlonced tc them all landed, and out .f~oy
\Iig) t. Such a iiumber oftLem difeoncerted all my aeaftirc ;
for, eeing .fo ma'iy boits, each of which would eaini r piEt
a-d fm -time. more, I could'no't tell what to'th.it-otit, or
h-,w to order my merfuicr,. to attack twenty 6tir ,tbity, Mre
single-',r.dcd ; .up.n which, much dilpirited-and -ptflOXds,
T lay fill in my cafft ; which, however, j put t- a- petr
pc.'pure .1; ap attack: an.1,.havitig formerly..providcL '.te
S. .. I

r -O F, ROB I Ns dd-N'R S ,6 o .

was neceiT-y, wai foon really to, enter upon an englagement,
ifoul.i t'ey attempt. iAHvin4 waitcd for frome time, my impr-

ot the he'll at two fllage., RlnJing, however, in lucia a mairr,
that my held did not appear above the hill, f- that they cold
not easily ix reeiv me ; and here, by the allTitance of my per--
fpeLtive .lvh-, I obfervil no lefs than thirty in number-around ..
Fire, feiftrng upon wh.at meat they had dr-lfed: how they.
cooked it, or whit it was, I could not then p-rtetly tell; but
they were all dancing? and capering.about the flames, ufing
many frightful and birbaraou gellures.
But while, w fh a curirus eye, I was beholding there wretch-
e*, my points funk within me, when I perceived them dra.
two miletab!e creature, ir m the boats, to ad afteli the dread-
ful trazedir, I I 1ibpp.p!ed'they had done before. It was no.t
inn; before o'.e of tli:m fell upon the gr,.und, knocked down,
as I fupp'ofe, with a club or wooden (word, for that was their
manner ; while: two or three others went immediately to work,
cutting thm opei f wr their conkery, and then fell to devour him
as they had'dlone the tor-ner, wrile the laft unhappy captive
u i left-by limin'lf, till fich time as I'lcv were ready for him.
The poor creature lotred round him-with a withilf eye, trem-
bl'ng at the t'oughta of death ; yet, fd'eiat: himself -t i'tle at lh-
berty, nature, thit very moment, as it were, irilpired him with
hopes of lite H:i flarted away from them, and ran, ,ith incre-
dible fwifrneit, along the findi, dit itly to that pait of th-
coalt where my ancient an venerable ciltle blood .
You may well imagine, I wa; dreadfully tff.ilhted upon this
nccafiln, when, as I thought, they puifned him in a whole
body,all running twirds my palace. Ani now, indi-ei, I cx-
peted that pirt of my dreim was going, to be fulihled, ani
that he would certainly fy to my gr ve for protection ; bur,
for the -raft of my dream, I c-ul depend nothing on it, that
the favages w.-ul purine him hthher. and rind h-n there. How-
ev'r, my (piritt bcginnin, to recovWr, I Cin kept upon my
guard ; and I now ?pi~ly percciied, there were built three men
out o% ths nt.nbrr that purfucd him. I wvas infinirely pfeafLd
lwth what L.AiIln-L the por creature ran from hia purfuers,
gai se lo Imtch gr.-und upor them, that I plhnly perceived,
coul he.tr-us hold .u far halt ah hour, there r.-s not the Ialt.
dublh t bul e would fave 1d life trom the power of his enw- .
SBe .Phem and my cille there was a creek, that very,
Tfame .04 Ia Iai'ed Lnt) with a. my tffr&, from the wreck of
th4ieB on .the fteep blnks of wlich I very much tear-
fid iar viti.n wou'd ..e taken, if be coutd not fivir
fiIr. I e : Out f1ou was I out ,f pain tor him whe. I per..
deiir mi-ide nothing uof tbh.ugh at full tide, but ,wih e i.
,H irtrpila


iatrepidcrourage, rpurred'n I-.v'tt- frrf l 1 dl'i-. He r'jn-
Sd i.o hi1 'Id, ..' rr .- r ibrr.Ithr, It .
ti:lli: l.oidy, i, r n with tlie :....ie i eirre tbic fIt li t' l i' t-' I' '
r bis'..:c,: VI.'i.'ln I-t- :c ir -. ie tri 'rtt-, "e .
th.1 n, 'b -I ri'L. .cd ccc,! r,.t i m ;m, ri' -p v I. r t-I p rt,
/ Tl' c Ii c l l '- ,i v hi fl .: i,..t.r it', I c' -
r _.-., 1.. t im.-h le I-- .. i:their .'ttAiined ite ,;-.t',-r tide, l 1i- -I..:L-
t. v .- rtfl,!(,.l to give r ver- pClil" t. A.r'i r.. icr
ri.\'o I :t'.uI.: lt '*,-' rhe time fcr mec,to pri-c re irT i 'n .'t ,
c rn.pini..:. ur i,,r ;'- and -that Iwis ecreed-hy Providence
t, bI" t ', *-r iur' to I LIC t'hi po r crceti re'- l:e.- i i-
. mediatlv dtfcend'ed my tie. Iad,1er with tte 'i-arecit iexpedi-
'tion. ; I took .up my tw''.. rin, ;',h, I fa:: b.-f 'i, wei'e at
the'bottom'oft'hem, .-d gt'cing lip p a-in 'v. h hle hame hafte
ti-.w-r I- the hill, J made nearer tlhe fea. -In a i.- t'k ric
.:fho-t ir't 'd,._-n tl.. til, I inter-pofed betweenn t!& i pur.virurs
'nd r F'vlued, h-dl.-.irng aloud to the latteI-, who, \r.mlut ri, to
look hck, %-. Is, no doubt' as TTiuh t~rii .-, at theas I at them.
hber': ::.-d r. him h th my iri;l, itc return back, 'n thr me an
li:.e .1i.-'anr: tc.vn.:l ti el prlter', apd.rcflh'g'on i-te fore-
m' I, I ri..L- 1 him down '.v th' : ftock c'f r-v pcre, and
'lnvl him flit on the -grq:nd. I was ve,'v u~. it.'ng .t tire,
Sleft the ir-t lt., ri hear, 'thno h it a distance, i q.i-lir.n..d .le-
tlier three c iLd or no ; acd being out of inht Ie tr i- .
e; oild n rJ eafilv'have known vhat to n't:e r f i,. FIc
other f-iv1c Ikeire"yhii fellow fall, :'ort.ed a' ifhe had bten
pmnie l; hen aJ, lrc.i towards, him, I could perceive'him
Stake .bti b: w from his back, and, fix:re ar al.1cow io i, i, ,
tr.i- riI, to 11-.'' at me, and-, without dilpujif, n Iht b.ne
lor.dd the anov i hn,; brc 'ft but, in L bis abi: IuIPly.l)iin lTiry
c-;l'f: f fte ptea r\antion, I mrn.: diatel, fir, d 2' h'i, and iIo.t
Shim de-id. itu as :n h and.-a, c ,-irii r. i:; iw t1he f3t.l Ittr.-g. AHi
this while,. the .viage who na.1 fl d before floid flil, a:-d
h- i I the l.ii.:rC..n to fe ils e~r-riec -kileid, a; beth:. u.thr, whi:
d -ii-ie t.lk. Taki av'-ay tf: ;o o -ffrighterd wi's he v.:'h tiFe
fire 4nd r.oie or my piece, tl. r e ,.'d as it r crer eie iL .'
./I, ,. a',.a d '.t ". ,' td: i hil,". i iltt e er r fh.f Cr rre '-r.
'his o.' ed ni-e tou .'.a to l I, .lrr: 'gain, n.akin;' the pla.-.eit
.figrin' c. vild to bhm io dlrac. rearir. I pecrcivcd re u"d-r-
-food thefe taker.n by his approacilrgL to me a little wc ".. vJ en,
a;2 if afraid I flh--uld kill hi-m i 0. Le ofippid again. Sciral ralir-c
i. id he ad.va ce, and -- ,- -rat fl.-.p in thi mnar ier, till ccwir-g
more to my viuv.', I Ifrceived him tiembcblin, sif.l s to
ainderL:u the I'ame fte. lipT-in whtch I Foolcd .th a -
fmilirn countenarnc, and ftill brctkoning to hirtti eingth
he came clilce to me and hrcelad d.:wn. kIfl d,
Ifid hkl head upon it, in'd tak.ng'Tme by the t.'p tp
b.p hi- head ; End thi', a ii undeiflocd afterwards, t.-
*en ot iwearin' tOcbe my nfave for ever. l tcok him .- and,
S"' making

RtINS;ON CtRUOE rescui-ng )7-!FRIDAk." firoml-i' hils pursuers-.,
--------- &4. Carse, Edin,

m~niig gituch of.hin', encouraged him in the bet manner I
r could. Burmy woArkws not yet finifihed ib IT perceived the
la1arge nhom I knocked down, its not killed, but trunned
wi h the blow, and began to comn to h;r frif, Upon which
i' '1"Poiited t- myy new fervant,:and ihe..ed him that I. eac-
.P"',waswanot yet expired, he fPcke fime w.rls to me, but
which could uo; understand ; yet being :he ,rl four.d of a
m; n's voice I had hard !or above twenr y-five ye. rT, they tee
v-:ly pleililg to mt. BLAt there' .' r,) time for ctleftlan
now, the.wounded savage r.ecov-Il Ire l Iif far j .s to lit
.' upO the gi-Lind, vch h mide-in r, ,o r prrli'i-,n as miltCl a-
fra-d aR b fj-,re ; ut put hitn .. I .t v. iet f.L I prcllttr.?d
my cther gun at t' e man. ,i h ,in i 'nrl to flhu t im ; but
my laiage, h r vo I mulr r-,w ca-l tinm, ~tcii vcd mni- ring, by
making a m ti.:n ro rr.e, to lend him rnm fI'ord, v1hrich hu-r
naked in niy bclt by rmy fide. N, foontr did grant hia le-
qlleft, but aay he ru-s to his enemy, arid at one blow cur
iff h's head as dextroufly as thf moft a':c.'mplllhced -i:cu i ner
in .Crm.any could have d.:re'; t..r, t fEitm, trilte aict.uie
mail.e Lue of wooden fword m.& re i.f har.1 wood which will
itar rdge enough to ent i-iT reiad and arms at o:t blow.
S Wher4 ,Lhi vliu.s rap'oatr was do, ,r, he c .mes to rc e irr.i hing),
a -. t.iken of !ilumrrb, delivrt rnre rr.rins frd ag.4i,, with a-
Lu, ci '.ce o. furprifinrg Ptllure I, irng re. along M rth the bleed-
"ip acndt lhall:-, hm-ajl th-N Indiar, a m feet.
Tie great Uf *:a.:.nithhm.nt Th".t m) '-K Iervin' ci.n eited was
the manner of killine the lrease.i ucf' da 1` i.r1', 1athout a
.bo-i and ,rrow ; an. 'l'nch vs hi in..n -'-g de !re to kn,:.w it,
.tht he .irfl pnin'ed to rbe d:,-d ciCI4e, ana tih:n mad.e figns
to fme tLer ~t hin leave to go !C himi. Upmn bhich I bi. himgo,
anJ, -13 htell ab 1 CL uid, mide i I fe.lfible I granted h;, rtqueft.
Put wea hie c-ame there, h:iw wonderfully w~s he fruck
wvrli amzrr.ent F ril, h turred him c.n ontef.d', then on
another, wondering he could p:er\e no qunfity of Hlo.d,
She bleedm; inwarily ; an. .afr r fiff.ci ril adLr-a'in ti le wound
the bullet ta rmad. in hi, bili, te ;oo.k utp h., t.o.. and
arrcwvi, and csme b' al' i'r p- i n .t"i:h i Irrrted to 'ii
awAy, making my b,?-. ; to hir t.-, l''..w, l'll ihe rcft nmnn
their cormparani., m.'ht co.::i iI pllur (it iiem, a' d lthis I
lound he lrnddr ftol v-r well, by his Irna:.Inr ie itnderltind
-hat hi- design wa- t t t bury thlC.1, tilt thty mig;l11 ln t L, Ifen
if it i -ppind ; and w .:h 1.' i.g, aa i a I mni e hintmr.fible I
v.ry r.;uch appicv-ad f. lnmmcdiit'ly i tell to 'tAk. and
ltever waigrave-ditger m r dixtrxr' in- the 'arld an he
was : tor in .an inil.rt, a, I m',glt 'y. he Icrap:a a-lat hole
in 'he ,'n wil h i; hand:. lufficicrt to bury the u s'n I
-- Ire HTI'c, 'r iri' .'?."lnd iitihr'ut any Ccr rm.T nv ei- re
him r:.r : i l;'e manner he Cicl l: -.t-r 1f) t ain
fulc nr u"nd-lacer could be r..-.te expst in his blir.4t-,, for all
~ ~ I a tlnff

'Vf:Jt a DIN sio N Lcr*' -,"i t 9`t

flitis~yg db~l dq in lef .th:n a tuirter of an h,-.br. I then called
Lin.iv 'I% anhd ywllid f4 cirty nig tm .1.reitly to my cattlie at
trlt, i p:...iveydc him to my cevc- n ir.e ti ther p.rt ot tie
iilad ; andl lo my drte m .,s '*'..l 1;qtiei. io thIt particidlar.
tli. ipy grve [h f uld pr..% ,m .aillu-in or lancIJeary at
him.a-, : 'W
W4'eary andi tnirt, bungr y and lIrftj, iundoubredlir mPi. this.
paor cre.tui .-, tl'pp rt l ,-i) Ly.), the vi/ci'y ..C 'iat, :nd,
irc.-lrmmnnun Ir.Ln.p.So; ot IOy t.t hi. ,'ciw'ra'lzc -;Cali.wl'J.
. kire J'.;av- tm bred Al ,I ad. ouII'', ,A i nJ.'l to CtI, ani w.,t-
S er to duaLi:, 1c 1 which. ie r.:j v:ry Ci -crfi'iulJ, To .i'i Swtc.lie g
refreiki.ient. i thna n.as: brin.ra -ii :i:r1 b-;s .vith parcel
of aicc itr.iv, and a blArit.- 'D 11 I, a L-. .l I. ic!h I uiied mvielf
to-nettro:s) anid hen p .-lrI!:, t. I-, nldE Ik.jni feo- him to lie
down to IL'p, iup:.m vitich t,.; pour creature went ;o ta*e a"
wtilconic repiie. .
Indc-ti e was a very comely hfan-la.ne, y..-'ug teJloi w, rx-
tremtlDy .Will mad-. v,,Ih ltr.ii.thr tLrng I;lbs, or. ..io) .E e,.
but tal and 'v l i p-dJ, -.lJ. i ,n r I c ld rcc'lr, ;l.-'di.
S ntyo'-i*t yir- o01 1e. ilis c)Inrintc .: hI d rioi`l i not .L1 .tr.
fiercec ci"r lTrl but .tin :i I -r l.j.,li in h -.ace. i; aid
yet, -epe.iOIy wrien lie in!'', I:, l i,' all the '.,c:' i.el, and
AlbriZd- of an iropciia. H: lr wiv n wi cu--ld lik Tioo', at.
mado of the black, .11,: Lir long aid .1ilaj,1c,7 .with the monf'-o
bt:,autui, yet c.r-eiY ti-'. .-pr .'.n c .her 1". ithouldecr.. HeO
baid very hgli and ialt ifrclh; 1, ab I 4 a vria ivac;iy a 4.
fprioiiinir fnirpnf- in -bhis- e is ifki..A "n6t;, fo.-tavneMj
Sas thi Virr nianr-, Braailians, oi' ot-i linri.:~'.n but r;ti -
efa.brght dun,, )!;i c.l.-'ir, tlh h.i..l i .eteliig agrecaizi in
it-, -thouih not tery es y to .,v,: .1 i-lc,:..,t r ot. -it4 t.aC,
.was -,o- nd and p lirnyiwl w In m ill r1', Vl' y dJiTf:rert r-om the
flitn.ef- .4 ttie nz-roe&i .1 prcr y -..ill iiTOUt[ lhin hi, lti)
tiern., very well l t. add w i li AI til drienL ? iow. -:fl; -:rxt rd
Sucht handl.ilmc feature, iar.d a .)it F 4.mni.ci in eviry pirrt
niadej.me copfidcr th li I la-d '-w'd hI: lift S in Indl i prince,
7r P,) Iri grac:iul ahdl accomplished ihIll the reiat. 0-o-itoa,
.wihofe me.-nurabkit b:ri vi. ur an. u-,haPppy' c- nulng:nc, i. -, 'tf.c
bare oltarai the wvorl.l, bjth iL .Adir.irton of-his perfmt ani
c Jripallii In ito, hi uffcril ,. ..
But let tlint be ecth-r p.-.ic a.r pea'ant, all iny h.appinefi cen-
tered in thii, chat I bad no- giot ia go. 1,J t ant or comnpani .n,
to w\ho.-, .s he delcrved, I .,.. r.lulv>d nl prove a kind roiftle
a.,i afalltnz fi-len.. He hr. n ,t, I biin, .fll:pt ibeve an hiiou
when he avwa:.ene. avzrn, an-1 w'ivle : nas nilking mysgoats
-ard by, out he runs. rom the cave to-ard.w rn ir rr my :c-otSis ,
and :lay-ingbhixlelf dior.n on tile t-ru.,_d., *n tVie to'.eit prio-
ftrataon, made all.the antic g,:lture Imaieiriabie, to erpcif bri
-t'hn 1i ulnefl to mc for b lin-ij lii d i'.i.rr. I conftl-' i I.-,h !ll
the-manner ul hls behar'our l'-rrAcd to blJitdicroaua eaoo."- tL
.i occaliori

S-o L rr.ET: AN D' A:D;. Ji' TI rT R ES

c.ccnfin iaightr, yet'I was' vey much moved -at -his-aflec-'
tion, fo tiat my fear melted within me, fetrin it night.
die 'way- (ii t cei', f joy, like reprievd mrilefatit -r; elprciai-
ly as- was ircipible ether to let him blood, -o ad T.in'fter phy-
fic. "It cv re to be wihted,. that Chrifliar., woad take e-.w.en-
ple by this Healthen, to have a laflin renmembrance .f lhe be-:
Pdfitsl anid& deliverancei they have rcc-ivd. by the kiridr meii-
atlnn 'and p.-wetrul intfrppoliron of'therr benfait r; and de-
lierers'; arid it wou'd be likewise happy for mankind, were-
there; no occalton to blame mafry, who, inftead of thaniktlly
ackaowledging favours and benefits rather ab--e and c rnidermi.
thole wkh., hav bien the vdirummcrtb to five them from de;:.
fruttio.n. -.
But, laying thefft jut relkri.-r.s, i return to the'lobjei6 thai;
occaTofiedi them. p.fr i\ mmn, to con-:ude the ia- cerem)-
tiy of obedience laid. duwn hi -ad3 again on the ground,
ctiof to tiy ibft,' and fet my i-, v to .,'ir -n- his hrea, am he
had done before, m.hing al1 the 4itns. 'f ibitit on. ferv;tude,:
and fubmiliion imaginable. and let me unk-ftand ihe v.oulih
*rve me-as long as his. life endured. AsI' understood himi ins
many thingej mad.: him feritible I was very wel .piraffd withl
Illm. and, in a lale timn, I btganta fpetk to himni and-leamn
him to talk to me again. I the firft place, I made hinr. iini
derftand& his name was to be Friday, beaduf it was upon
that day Irfaved his'life-; then 'f taught him to fa4 Mnfjhr,
which I' made liim.fenfible was to be myriname., I hkcwde
taught hiji to fay. es and No, -n.d ,.- k nnw w t the, meant.,
I- gav, hiqr C-me milk in an earthen pot, maH-ig him view,
me while krdrank it ba.frre.him, an.d faked my br-ad in it; I
gaWv him a cake of b tal, and' eufed him t lik it ikewit,,
to which he readily corrinted, mak;i-bfigns of the greattit-atis-
fiion tunagnablei -
All that night did T keep.him' there;, but no (boner did the-
morning light appeal when I ordered r.im to an'e, and ctie.
along with me, with certain tqkens that I wt ult give hirn.
fomer dothes like mine *at which be feemed, .ry glad, b:ing
fark naked, without the, Iafut poring whatever. As we pal-
fed by the .place where the two mewnhad..been interred, mnpq
man pointed dir.-lJy to-their graves, fl6wing mb the aT.rkla
that he had made t:. find them again, giving ir.eto nnderflanhtdy
by signs, that we thou!d digi then up, and devour them., 'Ate
thi I appeared txiremely dilpleaLdl, cxpreffed ivy utmuft ab-'
borrence, as it F would vomit at the apprehenrionii of it; beckr.
aning with my hand to come anay, wLich he did with the
-greateft reverence and fi;bmrTion. After 'his I cndul-ed him
to the top of the hill, to, view if the reft of the favages were
yet remaining there; but when ILHched through my peripec-
tie glafs, I cuuld' fee no appearance ot them, nor of other cT-
oets1 fo that it waa very evident they never minded thur
c ..afed
-.t /

11, Il

OTE*R~iosB N N CRtU-SE 8i

dEceifed companions whom-we had flain: which if thiy had,
they w..-ild lurely have searched for, or feft'one bjat behind
for them to follow, ate;r they returned from their purl :it.
-.Curibfity, and.a desire of fatisfadion, animating mep with:
courage to te thiik Icene of barbarity, I took my man Friday.
i-.th me, putun) a tw..r- intp his hand, with the bow and ar-
rov', at ria b.ac, wh ch i perceived he cild ufe very dtxter -
oitly, cuiinig hirl to cirry one gtin for me, andI'tiwo for my-
f-it i nd thus t:qaipp;d -agaiift ai attacks,, away' we mirched
dirtitly to the p4.ace cof heir bloody enteriin.. cit. Hrl, wten
'Ic1me. there, Iivas fBruck -with the utm.-lt h ..r r at f, dread-
fiu a Apectacle, ihilft :Friday wask no way doneerned.about it,
being no doubt, in his turn one of thele devourtrs. -Here lay"
federal human ,bones, there federal pieces of mangled flefh,
half eateni mranin:d. and Tcorched, ,whilft stream: r.f blor.d ran
proinifeuifunly as Waters-from a fountain. Ad I was muting on
this dreadful fight, Friday took all the pains he. ccudl, by
particular figns,,td-make me understand, that thej had brought
ver fourE.prifiners to feaft upon, three of whom t:ey had eateri
up,, adthat he was the fourth, pointing to himlelfe; that
ttlre having bcen a bloody battle between them aind hI, great;
king, in ile jul defence of whom he was taten priori, r.'a
many other;; all of thele were carried offto different placta
tobe devoured by their conqtieroir ; and that it was his misfor-
,tuie to be brought hither by thefe wretches for the lame
purpofe. .
.After I was made fenfible of thefe things, I catuied Friday t6'
fatherr thofe horrid remains, and lay them together upon a heap,
which 1 ordered to be fet on fire, and burnt them to alhe'::
Myrman, however, fill retained the natureofa can nibl, having
a hankering ftomach after-fome.ot the flelh; tbt finch an ex-;
.treme abhorrence did I exprefs at the left appearance of it, that
c- durft not but conceal it; for J made him very fenfible,
thit if he offered any fuc)i thing, I would certainly-ihoot
: -This .being done, I carried ny man with me to my caftle,
and gave him a pir of linen drawers, which I had taken out of
the paor gwuner s cheft bcl'.re mr.ltnncd; and which, \ ith
a little alteration, fitted lbm very well: in' thenext place l
made him a jer in of goat's Ikm, fuch s my fkiil was able to
manage, and indeed I thought myfelf.then a tolerable good tai-
lor. J gave-him alfo a cap which I made of a bh., 0' fkin;- very
convenient and fAfliopable. Thus being cijtted rokratily v cil,
my man w.s no lefs proud of his habit, than I .-s C fet iig
him in it., Indeed he went very aLkwardly at frft, i te drawers
being t'oo heavy on his this .not ufed-to beir any wcighi, and"
-the fleevesof the waiftcoat galled his :hoaLlders and th inlite,
of. li arms ; but by a little acting where hfe complained they.
S- 'bhust

tr"- iFD' A A D V EN T-U R HS

bhrt hini, nad by iiing.hiinfelf to them, at Ienth he tdok-to
thw-in ver:y w :11,
D) net c..,icrrn wa3, where Prlirnldli.dge him ; and that
In"iht do. w-llby-him. a.d yet bh: prrleeti ei1v myself, I erect-
ed a t-ra f r him tn tie vacant placl bet een im\ twu tf rimn-
eations,. in the iplid. or the lal1, and th- orttide of the lirft ;
antd, as there mw ,, an entrancee or d-..or into n:- cave, I rMnde a
torni'l i -r d-do r cafe, and a d... r to open 'in the inide; I
b,,'rr.:J it ti p' ith.: hi tin'. akinmg in my lakders :,rj.,o that,
aas my rin. 'c. pr.-,e titi-chc riu-'. Ithti coijli be.-no: w .y r6
currir at rnT 'nti. il ir m>, nw i.eirnm it- wall. wilalirt-ma.ing
S(. much n iat in gltone. -ver, that 'it ,mif a needs -wakeai net;
t.-v r,' fi rt r.'all hid nLw complete roofover iT ot I ..rg po!es,
lpieair', -veo .jr rmy tent, aidil-~kiing-up t ti, ic ltde .-. the m::un- -
tn i, \ilch was again laid' crofs v.i 'h imi .r rlocLis in cad'
c.t la.>r, ardl jL.'i cL oir :i .r -at I hickre's n th rice fiflAw,
whil:c w3a ,e. 0i... :-g .1; r :. ; a l1 a :tc hole of L' -c F.lac. left
on putp pOle ti0 go ir. r onil Vtb. j l-'cr. Mid p a.:-J a. kild ot
trapi-.lo r, wt.L *I -dj b,:- aIei I o'pj'cd'on lfl-o outtlr.lt \\o ld
I-it k-vc apettd r ;-i:. billt aafailiteda wn,- at.'r marre a treat
aoile;, and as-to ay weapons, every nigr.t Ittopk them. all to
niv bed icie -
B. ut theC wai no n i: Fr r-is p recautioa ;:frfireiytfL.
Vii IilL lad 1 r1T.. lii-c-i, aMi IJul, anadloaving firvantfthan'
F isaav .v-o t. m-. \\Wthjiut p flior,.. fuenneit, or'delimti,
p.rt ..'li, ollip.c. a .n?, ,, his affedfions wete *aiS.nar4
tiid t i me. .as th,:l ofi a child ru its p"ent' '; & Imight venture
t. a., ';- .e w.. uld have aerificed:his lifefde the aving-miv t, upip
cwr, a- y uc.:_.fion l h' .u cr'vcr. And indeisd-the mIany teithmritne.
he cae me ,' tth iulficei:tly .onicci~id me thatlhaad no:idc-
Scl:.ii to u! tl ec prrctaj ti'r,: Ad he re I could not built ra-
f:'.i& with. great wonder, tha; h;ow.v-r it hub ple-leJ the Al-
nfighty ii his providence,. anrd the S.vt-inrrent ot the risa-
tica, t takc from-to great a part of the -oilld f his .cicatrre,
the nobleft ufes to wr~.-h their f-cu tic, and the powtrr.of
their fouls areadapted ; yet th.t hli had- beftowed uprn them
.ti ae 'e aria'n, affed.&-or., IfntriliertI ot ;l*inlria -anrd oblha-
tior, .ll'iin of reen-' rit, inerrtv, didcht.,, and all t.he a-
pacities of doing and r, c t.'ir.i g, ti ahe vr a yivn U raid
-that when he:is grac;-.ull) picftd t.-, Ufter them occaaioas nIf i.-
-er ir thj-i:f, :b.-he are as ir-idy, nay, m-:.re rcidv, to .apply tl em
-to it.l p, .pr utI' tor which trIey Icreb ltowed, than we often
are I lie tiouhti wou!d m.,:e mee e meincholy, tl'pcially
' whIn i c,.,r-;irJ d hcT rr:ean a ul e ni mal r.f all the'e, even-
thonib a.e* tl.-c, hefe powers erilghtt.ned by the Holy o ppirt of
God, and by the knirwle'ge of thii wrdd, aasan addiuon to
cur urd;rirtn. ir ; and ,why has pl,.led- t hei hiav enly Wil-
dorn t,. co-.'cl the ihke leaving knoile-ice tiom to rrany nil-
-iicas of.u! wirio wL.dJ iCita;nly make aimuchb :ttaujafe of

OF' ROB' -NSON cdN J sTU-S E. 83

it than generally mankrid' do at-this time. T'hefe refldtionis
would lo;mctiaime lead 'me'fo far, aA to invade the sovereignty
of Pros idence, and, as it were, arraign the justice of fuch all ar-
bitraly ilipol .h.n of things, that fhoutd obfcure that light, from
fornm, and re;.il it to others, and yet expect a like duly from
all. But *I clofid-it up, checking my thoughts with this concli-
sion; firf, That we. were ignorAnt of thkt right and lavw by
which tho1f' ihou!d be condemned ; but as the Aliitllti-ll' wag
neced.r;!y, and by the nature of his elff:ce, infinlitely'juft anid
hly ; 'l it could not be otherwise, but that if thele creatures
wv.cre all citined to abfence from himfi:lf, it was on account 'of
siiiiing i.iinfi that light,, which, as the Scriptur!,iays, was a
law-'to si.,..,i"' and by, fich rules as tieir -dnc'ciences
vwbuld acknowledge to bejuft, though the firft I,-'ind uiot, was
not discovered to u.. And, fecondly, Thit fil 'as we were the.'
clay in the haud.of the patter, nro veffA could thus Jay to hidri,
Wfhy -haf/ thou faj/ioned-me after this manner? "':
'. I had-not-been above two 6r three days r iirii-ed to my cuitle.
'btn my chief design was, how I fthuld br Ii, Fr-day hort cm
this 'horrid way ot feeding; and to take from-him that inhuii-
jaian.relilh he by nature had been acciftomed to, I tlhclght
it- my d':ty tb let him tafteRother fltlh, which imigh; the ra-
.tr~r tmnpt him:.to the fams albi orrrce- I.fo'c often expicfled'a-
g'aiill their accal.-t way of lying. Upon'which, nbe .mornr
ing I took hirm .ut with'me, with an inter.ion to till. k id
oiit-cf the flock, and bring' it home and drefi it.' .'s I ws
Going, 1 r-rce;ivE a fe-goat lying don n in'the fhade, anid two
young k I'da tiitn by hite.. :Immediately Tc-.it.h:d hold of my-
man Frid.y, .and bdding.him ftand fitill' ad r.,.t .Tr, i prCrln.
ted. 'fly piece, :iari uict one of the kids. My p *ti :rvirt,
who ha at a dJllmnce perceived- me kill his nadctiary, and
yet did not kaow hK. what mea--, r.r h )I I v.i; d.na, llood
trtmbltr:e .nd lfrpri'td, nrd.ooked !o arr.;a i, thlir thcugl t
Sw''o'dld have lnt. ino tue eartl.. H- d:d rot ice the kid
SIaimed at, or beholdI hd d 'killed it, but' ripped r.p his wailt-
,coatto feeif he was not wobinded, thinking my rds'.fution w;e
rtBkill -hiim; for coming. to me, he fell on his. lknes, earneftiy
-pronouncing many-things which I did not underP.a.i, r tu men-.
iit g-of.; wh'ch at length I perieivcd was, that'i.would pot take'-

Indeedl I was much concerned, to fef him.in that c4nditcii':,
'whr:e' natureis upon: trit ifrm-cl. trial, when-the imn:edicie
li'nd of death is ready toSptit for ever a period to tl:hi morial
life ;'and indeed fo much cormpilElor l.a'l I to th!F cLeatlr e,
thit it w,'as i .th dirficilty 1 rctra,'i.e fr m tcmi-. ;But', however,
a:'aniother fort of coirntenance was nec'efiar~y, and to L'.-.vi'ce
hihM that.I wotdda di .hi' no .harm, I took hinr 'm.ilirg by the
hik-d, th:n hlai,. e.i t l-' and pointing toWthe kid .-hi :l.adt
. fla-'n.I'dc igni to ian to fetch it, wtich accordingly.he did.

84_ LIIS AAN'. A V,,DVr..E'. E: .
Nolefa curious was he in.viewing how, the creature was killed,
than he had been before in beholdirig-theindian.; which, while
he was admiring at,. I charged my gun again,, and.pretently
perceived a great fowl like a hawk, perching upon a tree within
hnt,; andtheref)re,. to let Friday understand what I'was going.
todo, I called him to me again, pointing at thebfowly which
I found, to be a parrot. I mad him underhand that I ould'
ftoot and kill that bird; accordingly I fired, and bade himnr
look, when immediately he fas the parrot fall -down. Again' -
he food like one amazed, notwithstanding. all Il ad faid.to.,
him.: and the more c .nfoinded he wa-s, because hei.did inot.
perceive re put any thing into my gun. Undoubtedly a thing
fo utterly. range, carrying. death along with it,. far or near,.
hitherto man or beat, ml.! c.-rt.i- lv .-,c ite the gre:-it aflui.-iiii-
merit to one who nve- had hi-.ad fith a thing in hi. whole litc;,
and rea)riy !,it amazminent continued thing, that hatff allowed
it, he would h-ie proftrated himfelf, befre me and my gun,.
with the greatest. worship aid ad ralro:,. As fir the gun in ,
particular, he wouidi;ot'fo much as touch itfor iver,. ddAr, 3ft.frr,
btwoald come re c.:m:.mTuicstie Ii: hL-biiculh t it, & LIli to ;~
a3it he fletrelefs pi.e ha.1 uIdtrlbiTt-d S& anm'.ered hiin ; all 'bii.
I..coueld perceive tumi dr., w\he; Ie thought ni bi.:l; wst .rn.drd,
the chief intent t if twt'icr wai, todcdieC: iO iit to lil l'n, a I -
afterairds carme to uineiftand.
I never lt::,e Io prev -nr hisa.'-i atiirn. nrr.ind'er )i; from-
thifre cam-cal gdfli&, Ie ufed on fuch occafnons; ,ut wlien his,
aftoiinhient- wasa. little over, lmadc t...cck" to lhim rl rin arid
frtch ,he, ptro: rl.at had ;fho ; which acr:-.dinl."- he di,
fla;rn. Iome time Iknoer tan-:,u'u.!, by c -. ii the bird rnoti,
bin qu;ie dei-, hti ITuttered C.,me way irul tlr lTr.n tie.
phice .t'ere 'he ;-li. Li the mea- time. as Ii- v -: i5i>.'g 'or
her, I-tc.k the adMiritae cF. c arguingg 7 girr aain, a,: A, I -
might be readv for ar.\ cthier mail; ithali,rcfrei ; but r.' sln?
more oc.:iirred at thli tim Si. IbrTiuht rh;.rn the kir, and
the fame tv.ning tr. k off t0-e Ikir. anrr dr.:idcd Ii,: earcife as
well as I could.'- Part of, the fl ih I ftc'ved ind bouJld ir a p t
I had tor thi. puTp io. And then 1pr-edirg nmi t.b'e, i at
donr, giving my mni I rte ''it it to ea,, wbo' wa, v.'or.dr-
fully plead, .id lee med to I .!:- a c L. r)- C! : but .' 'at a..
the moft turprfirrg t hi Win ri. Ice rme ..at i.Tt witlh : union
which he rnae me.unerflarR,, that the fault was very,b ad
SfI.- me ; wrthn puittiig a Itrie into .his mopth,, he fee-ted to
naufl te it in fucn r mtinnrr, as t. fpir.t ani putter at it, tan-:l
then w.ihed his nml.utl witrl.lrelh u ter: but t: Ih- hw bui hlowa :
cintrar' his opinion \ns to mrin, I put tomni meat into mya.x
mouth without fault, and leiunied to Ip-t ajnd fpititer :a mu :: fo;:
tbhe t.-it ot it, as he had d;-ne at it : yet ll tai1 i prned .-.f no .
intTalication to Friday; and it.waa longwhile before he could
; ,... .v '. en cture

0o d rN-S ioN c.'R t S 0 E. 85

en iir f llt in his fieat or broth, and-ven .then but a fia-i
I ev. th. bt fmt .bo
il,-. hain g ,fed himn T-fficieny'J wvith, boiled mel alnd broth
'at"trat tirai., -he i-.xt--da I was .refolvt-d do felft him .with
a. trafted 'iece of the kid.- And having so lpit to faft! n it,
orjack-to. tnr n *it, T made ufe'ofthatcommoth-ar'-.ffce -wv.ieh
Inanv of the C-mmori peS-ple of Lirg.i.n i v-I, thrt is to let t''o
'peles u~ u each-fide of-f efire,aand cnre .-r- 1'*i t'- .r.. ,-' -
iri: r r'-r. a-thereon with'-. ftri,-, anbd 'o tuiring r-i .1 L.-.i
..ttaly, roaft it, jn the 'fame -manner as wdrt-ad blondy ty-
,rants of old crtelly roaftkd the holy martyrs. This praft;ce
cllrI -ugreat acdn.iration in my-ian Friday, being qaite andth-
er way than that .to whichk'te ravages were accuftomed.. But'
when he--came'to tfte the fieetrefs and tendernefa of the fiefh,
'he exprefTed his entire'.fatise'altiM bove a thonfand different
ways. And as I cold not but understand his meaning, yol
may -be fire Iwas-as-wcnderfilty pleaded, efpe -,aily v.hen he
'mdc.-ittalfo very plain to me, that he would never, -while he t-
ved, eat main's-leh more,
SIt was now higi t-iriie T fhold fet my fervent to work fo
'next-day T fet-him to bqat -out fomrcotn, and Rlit.it in the fanme
'-maY.ner as I had done before. And eealy-the fellow was very
-quick and handy iit the execution ofa;r.; Iht,'n [ ordered hnm
to go abchrt. 'I made "him binderft.nd that it was to make bread
for u to eat, and afterwards let him f e me rnake it. In fhott,
,he .i. I c.;rr trn. as I ordered him, and'in a little time as well
asi] nuld pl ri imit'myfelf.
But now 'cr.idering'that I had two mouths to feed instead
,of one, it was. neeefary that lmnift provide more grl-iind ,or my
hal eft, ad -plant alargetr quantity of -corn than I commonly
ufed to do.; upon which I narke'd out a larger piece of land,
fenoihg`it in, in. the fame nminer as I had done before; inrthe
execution of whi&c I muft f.g'e Frdaj:' tFi-;, gp d cwrd; thaEtno
man could work, moire hardy cr with bei-r 'ial fhante-did;
and -v L[n I r- :'. him feThfible that it was f-r biead to ferve
him as .wel 'as.me, he then %ery p (ii n-tety rrd r: unri.r-
ft 3-d, -that he thought I had nwrtch -more labour on his. .ac-
c-.nri', thanI bad for n~rifeif; and that no pains or diiigenci
Tfould ,be wanting in him. if I.wce'd -but direct him in thofle
vi r- r'lihcriii hr -might proceed.
I milit c'-tarmil ovn, th.u ivi if was the mnoftplaaftit year:I
.tver had on t:e.liirnl ; f i atrer (urre I rr-.nFriday 'begafi'to
talk pre-y- %ll, an-a unrirflood the nanes of'theofe things
kwhicth I.was .'. nt to call f-.r, itd the'pliw rc wh'.-r1-eifed to
Aend him. :o rh dt mv i.ng -flent iron,1', u f'ch h;d bIen uf
-eIfs' fo many )tar4, exc-p is an txclaniatory sianner, ei-
thi r for deliverance or ;bfingsli now be-gan 'to be eocupidd
in teaching ard-talking tb -n-y n mar. Frda'v fdridittded I hid
fuch a firiglar fatisfaition in the fillw bimfelf, fo innocent"


did his fimole and unfeigned honesty appear more .and. more to
me ever~ day, that I really began entirely to love him-; and
for his part, I believe there was no lr.ve loft, ard that his _a-
ture lad been mor charmed by hi, exr-eding kild'Jrl, and his
ali..'ti r. mere placed upon me, th-n a .y tl er objed \whailo-
ever amcng his own countrymen* I once had a great mind to
tiy if he had Any hankering inclira'ion to his own country again;
-and by.this time, having learned the Englihl fo well; that he
could give me t6oerable anfvers to any qneftion which tdemani
ded. I walked him whether that natiornto which he belonged,
ever conquered in battle ? This question made Fiiday to fmil, '
and to which he aNfwered, es, yes, wee alwaysfghi the better;
as much as to fay, they always got the better in fight, 'tlpon
which we proceeded on the following difcourfe : Toufay, faid J
that you always fight the better; why, then, Friday, bow came
you to be taken prisoner?
Friday. Butbor.all thatrmy nation beat much.
Matter. How fay you, beat if your nation beat them, bow
came yo to be taken ?
Trida.. T4r more many mans than my nation in the place
.err c ',. a; they take one, two, three, and me: my nation
much over beat them in (he yonder place where Mne no was, there
my nation mans beat one, two, three, great torfand.
Mafter. Then .why did not your men recover you from the hands
ofyour enemres
Friday. They run one, two, or three, and me: they maki all
"go ii tb.e a'. 'e.; my nation have no canoe thi.t trm.-
Mailer. 'T i very well, Friday; but what dos yourknation do
with the prisoners they take? Do they carry, them away and eat
them as thefe have done .
Friday: Yes,yes, my nation eat mans too, eat up all.
Mafter. To wvhat place do they carry them to be devoured?
Friday. \Go tl other nations here the they think.
Mafter. Do they bring them hither i
Friday. Yes. tome over hither, come over other place.
After. And have you been .ith them kere, Friday ?
Friday., Yes, me been here, (pointing to the north-weft of the
in.fnd, being the fide where. they'ued to land.)
Thus 'having gotten what accountI couid from my nian,'
plainly understood that he had been as bad. as any of tl-e tell
of the cannibals, having been formerly among the lavaets wilo
ufed to come on .fhore on the fartheft part of tte land, up-
on:the fame bloody occafin ai hte uw. brought hnlhtr ir ;
and f',me tnme after I carrltd him to that pl'ce whqye he point'
ed ; and no fiorm did he come there, btt he prclcnily knewl
she around, fignifing to me that he was oncc there when
they ate up twenty men, t-two. omen, land a yulung child -
but aa he could not txplaiTn .theu number in EiIghlhb, he did
. ., it


l-tby to maity -flon.;a iti a row, making a sign to me to.count
This pffage I hare the rather mentioned, becauf- it led to
fbinga more imp-ltant and uk-fl for me to know; fur after I
h.d thiafiti-fdclory dileourfe i~ith him, my next qultti in was,
how far it was from -the ifl.nd to the Iihire, and whether the
canoe. we, e not often Icfl in theocein ? to v.which he anfs erd,
t.ere ruas P.o daneei,, t no .a..'rJs 'ere ever I. ; but that at'r.
a little u.wa nout to th'. ja, alhre -*ir.i? a /7rong current :an
a '.nd al'cayJ '.ne Twao r: ire qt;erv:o n. This I thought at
Itft to be-no mr.e th.in the feti of the tirle, of going out or
coming in: but I -ften irda ind-rftooM iLwasA occirioned by
the great draught and ref is of the mighty river Oroonoko, iii
the mouth or gul; of which I imagined my kingdom lay: and.
that ttit land which I percened ti the W. and .l. W. mUA be
the gredt ;Pind '! rnidaj, in the north r" the riher. A thou-
fand qurFiur.\ n (' that would liti-ty me) did I alk Friday about
the nature ot the country., Ihe Uca. the coalt., theinhabt'ants,
and what lntionas .ere near,-1 tirm : To bhich-quefltons tlhe
:pnorr tellow declared all Le kr.:w witb the greattit openn.fl ~c ut.
moft sincerity. Wb'hn I de.nar,.ed of birmthe particular namei of
the various nations of his fir-t of people, he could only answer
nm in general that they were called Carrabl:. Hence it w as I
considered that thefe muft be the Cirriber to muc:b tiken
notice of by our tnsap to be-on that part of Americ 'which
reaches from the month of the river Oroonoko to Gu'isna,
and fo-'or'to St. Mavrha. Then Friday pl.cr-eded 1., tell nme,
a. 'it tfA a great .L'.y '!.rond tie mIno', .as iiuch a; to lay. be-
yond the hitting of tie moon, vbhich mut be I'. tiom their
country, thero d.w-u: '.i'e lar.:,: menm, iu:t as I i, point-
ing to my wlllkers, .id tfatn tev 4id mruitc mania. I was
rnt ignorant with %% Ihat barb.lr'ty tte Spanuirds treated thefe
crratiure ; f.that I preferntly ncljted it muft be'thtem, whole
cruelties had ps(iad thr.-ughaiti America, -to be remerib:red
even to lfc.-ceii~t generate tirs.
Well, you may be tilre, this knowledge, which the imperfeEt
knowledgt otrny mar! had Ird n-m to-. v.'-s vcry comfortable to
me, and:nmade me lo cn:. -us ,.2 tio Ik him bow I might depart
f(.om tkis ill nd, & fet am.'rgfi thl. e white mern ? He told me,
'.'', yes, I mnr ( iI 1'l tro caI.e In two cannes, thought I,
I hat does my man mean :' furelyv e means ocie tor hirdfelf, and
another for me; a'd if pnt, how rm'rft two canoes hold nic
without being joir-ed, or ione part .fI my ho.dy being pu. in on-,
and another in arnothcr ? And indeed it was a I:,ng t m- hbf4re
I trnderflood Lia meaninge, v.wjhc was, that it muft be a large
b-it, as big as two canoes, able to biar with the waves, and nut
. t, liable to be ovrirwhelmed ai a Imall one mufl b*.
I b-live there ia n.t flu ne of hi- but what ma; be h.ppy, if
people w.ul.l but endea,.:ur for treir pni. to rnake.it to. He
1 ,. 18

i XE A 1D A AD V T U1it E S

is not tie happift mar thar has-the moft riches; h: be that
is content with wa!t he blAh. -Bfore I had ni" I'rvint; I
thought ilyf:lf miff:rhile -til I ha.t him : and' nrw timatl Bad
enjoyed the.lhappy bene;"it r.f him. I till complamrne, and beg-
,red a delitrance -from-a n!acc ,-f 'creiment, e.rf, and plenty
whirre Pioirdence had lufflciently bleifTcd me. In a word, -From '
tatt time I erert iked ltohe hcp-s, that one time or other.'
migt' fig d an cppr.rtuniy to make my efcape ttom tirs ,I.laid,
dad that -this p[or favagt might be a great frrthe-rance there-
All the tihfe since my mtian become fl-intelligent Bs to unrer-
.land And f(eak tri m, I pared nb p-ins nnr'idthlger.c xo in-
flruII him, according to my poor ihare bf tnr .-edge in the
tincipl.: ef retigi,.n, abi the adoration tHat be c iehr torpwv to
te TR.rtE Con. One time, as I vert well rertentb-r, I a;ked
hii t-'n- r mde bhlM ? At firti the innocent 'cr -trire did nrt
dnderllan.d hKt I meat, .but rather-thought I alked-him whd
.wAs his tatht r:' upon which I tork another way t-. make im
fenfible, by'demAi .tnpl from him an answer to t ; qu-fltinn.
"'Friday," ~l,-d I, who to it that made the fea, th'i groln4
'hereon'*ce A a, and all thhcf hit's andr wond's which h ve .be-
:bold.? .Ared here, indeed. I did not miTf my inter.tin ; for
he .told'rme it ~wn OldBaJTar~er .(tChe God wh. m I fuppcled
the!e favage; idored' '.who livwj a 'c'nut vaey i'e.d a .h. But das
teIi3t attnbutes, poor F.;,lay wa, an utter fl.4n7er. He could
dtlfribe nothing ot thle great prfon ; ard all that he could
fat wast, 1i,.7? h.r iwa "-'fry od, a .'ncb (*/r t& nika h. i-a a-d
land, the maci, .r ike ttars.. Friday." laid J agl;in, if this
great and' old ptrl. n lhl~ made all tliirng in the world, h.-w
cbmet it to pfr; that atl thirpgs. v you in particular, do not
adore- and wl.oiflip tom ? upon thrls oc.hlin, very grave, with a
perfelet weet la-oft rt ihnr.eence, ,he reTplhid, Miadir all thi..l
fay 0 to hmn, by wlhch it may reah-nably be luppc-.fd he
meant adoraiion.. I- AnP where," flail I. t" do the people of
your counIry go when they dlic 1 Hi ar.fw.red rBenanv .tie.
''What, and thofe pccple th it are caten up, do they go there ''
.Bnanmrcks, faid he, lovr 'em diarly ; ine ptay I &' Bnaimurkee
ir de run r, and Beinanilt,'ke w 'lod oI nie tihe de.y eat ne
all .p.
Such difcoirfes as.thefe hidl I with mv man, and fich made
.me enlrible, Utat the true G-.d tia or;illipptd, th, under im-
iperfed timiiititdea ; and that the falle adoraticn which the
Heaihens give to their imainar. Dei'y, isas great a argument
6f tle divine e ti-nce, a.; the rolt learned Athedfla / /.e /i
.-aled) can hbing againfi it ; f..,r God wili be glcriied in hie
* orki, let their denorrnati6n be what it will ; aSd I canrot
be of that opinion ihich (omte conceive, that God Ihoild de-
-.ree mren to be damnrd f t want ofa righr notion of faith, in a
..pilacc itre the wisdom of the Airnighy bas not permitted

OF ROBRN.SkfR C.R9 0 E,. :-

ft~ t be preached; ard therefore cannot but corcitde, that .
fil c.Ledu nce is the belt iacrlfice. thef poor crewt-ures, i6tiniq
by I t h lyht and knowlcVkge which they are pulei-cd or, may
undoubiaediv cth:irn a h.aply faijatron, tr-iousb -TiOl Iat erjoy-
meru wrtb Chrlit, as hIns f.ine, confiffrmr, and ma4 tyrs mull
fBu. laying thele detdrminatiOj s aGde. more ft for div-,eR than
rme to (:fcil-, I b parz to inlttruit -m Irvant in the favL g
kn. wvtedge ut Ite true Deity, in which tli- de&nloas of God'a
H.,lIv S-mrit at.lted me. I ifted up my hands to Hecaven, and
p,'iting thereto, told lim1 Lfat the grc;a Makar ot Heaven
and Eirtli livd therC ; tiat ai hvsirfin-te prmwr iflhihrn d t.i's
w,-,rld oit of a conrfuftd ch-oau ,and made it a .diat b-;tutful-
raime whic-i we beliold; to be goirtnir ad prfrr ea t bv hia
,ar ,lourded know ledge, fotreigon gretin-,- and peculiar provi-
Sd.nc ; th t he wah ornrlpo.tent, could d..-every thing tar i~Us
gie every thinj to.u, and- take every tLinre &aW-V r.-m ui;
thait Ie vCwa a rewarder and punfher of good and cvil ;aiomr ;.
that th-re e .s n:4hing bat wiat te knew, no t4.highas lo fr-
c r, but wnht he could bring to light ; and thus, by d~grce&,
I cp:ind bi; eyes, arnd described to him *' the nar.nr at the
creiauL n of the world, te situation. of ypradile, -rhe tranrfgrec-
fion of o nrRe tir pa.nts., t.e wtKCAetncfs .f.-God' .pecuIliar peo-
-pla,- and l'- ur:rerral f1-s and abtoinamtions ot the whole
.ea-tl'," YWhen *there tiring were imatar'ip bi;imind, I to'd.
b m, that as G d'sjutice v.sa equal *o i;Msercy, he refro!i.
to destroy this w.rld, tll h~i S-n }.l:;5 Obr.ft qttcrpited udr
b-tbalf ; .at-r to,procutre nnr redetrpticn, -obt.ad leave of his
teawenly Fatter to colie dovfi frron ika-svn into the -world,.
wtte e he took -hbman ri.ure 4por, !,i, in; iiWtN. ui in our way
to eternal life, arid died as a .ecrnfiae fir our ilns; t-hat ,e %y.i
now ascended int.? Heaven, mediatlr; I-for our pardon.,deliverniig
:- r pettwir .. and obtaintig all thio ec-.od bcrefits TLich wv.
afk io,his narnm, tb humble and heart. pra ers, all which wc;r,
hdar at tbt ttrore o Heaven." AE' crr hlbeqLrntly irtid fo
Sinculca:- thinr:. into bih mind. Friday one day toid me, tbti.jit
..ur greai God c2ald hear s r.-yond i.e fi.ri, e '. fl '..rao le a
greater G.u! rlan th/ir Becarac-4, -.:r, li'red b'r a hl:te av,~
.c ;, n.i t ,o, ld i't F'ear ;tr-n i. r i C.:2ar e I 'e Preti
a tr.2 ,':, *z:r-re be .-at r:.. b d :o n '. -\W hat t ;'d r, 'Fi.-
day, did. joo go thriter to fp~a. to m r.o He ar'cw'.red,' No,
P.-y Z. :' c' r. r .' r i ., m.-', *..m : f' "r At d 1'.';, cat.:4
i;err C.'it',. r...ere(, Ti .. l;.e 'it. i i pricfk -. .;, u.'c .,
- ,/ 0, l...-i i .- ,-.'led .; ijng thIcitr or r,, : L a r e:.,r ea' ;.,
dl :r.I:e/ .:.r. B r. *,; ,ro.i C .' ir. h rnce, I could :-r.
.but oblbtre h w hi:.py e'Lre-rrila. aie, ;..lo hiavc God'a
i" lmemiiats rtevelation rui our curi't n zi ii:d an rd Ihi t our tdrfal
i; ineithrr milled. nor ouri rcalon impolik upon, b antry ln t or
*mi.nli h as.LSh.l l ndiaa ipi; trc.,



SButto clear up thi palpable cheat to my man Friday, I told
h;m, *' ihbt the pretence of their ancient men going up to
the mo untain to fay O to their Gol Benramnc4'e., wa~ an impol-
-tui'e. and tbht their bringing back an anfwer wi all li Iham, i'
: no1 worle; for thar..if ttIrc-was aqn lurh thing fp.:kcn to tThm,
firely it rr.ulf proceed from an *nf-rnal friiir. And bere I
thoui,;' it rcelffitny to enter into a iong diiifmnile w:th him,,
which I1did ifter thii manner.
Friday," aiid I, yEo mult know. that befi-se thiO \:.r'd.
was rmn-he, hErc brew an Almigh.' p wer t lt ng. by whc.f:
p-pwer ial things were made, and'wh.f'e lMajefty f-lt have na
mlkh To be lor.fied ao.d dored by behrg -:fa hewaenly rna-
ture, he created angela a1n aic ::.rel, thi: i gloriaird fpinrts
re lemibling himfFf, to cncompsis hia throre. eternally ingirg
fotit hi? prai'e in the mi- t Leavenlv ifcinds and diviYe rhrm.i -v,.
And, armoug this hesvenlv choir, Lu.:ifr br.re a great lwv, as bc-
ing then orne of the peculiar favourntes of theic rclefll abodes ;
but he, contrary tto th.t duly he r'e ~I hio heaverly Sovcrei h,.
with unbiounded irgratitude to Lh* Dr'ine Cre-or, in- orly en-
gied hinm lhat adoratior v.which wa- hbi dua, bkrt th agbC to u-
tur? that throne, which he had'n-ithertpower to ktep,- nr:
title to prtterd to. He r-i;td a difirfirton ard ciil wariliHea--
vyn, and bad a number nt ange:. to tot r.he i-pyirt. 'Unbound-
edtlkly! fItpendcus pride to hope for vi'to.iy, ind atpire-
above his powerful Creator The Dety) not fra ful of luch
an enemy, yet juftly provoked at the's rcbelli,-lt, ccmririitficned
his archangel Michael to lead fcrih the heavenly hoft and give
him battle; the advantage of which wa. quickly perceived,
by Satan's being overthrown, anrd the prince of the air, for to
Swas: the: devil called, with all his fallefi aSgels, driven heal-
iong- into a ddiial place, which.is called frdl.
-The rcital of this traih made rny. m.n give the greatefti,
atteti,:.n, arnJ he exprilled a great faisa.clion ir, his geiures,
that Cod hsd feret-tht!i devii ikrto the dirph ble. Anid tare
I c(efired' him to give great heed to what I Lad furthlr-
to fvay
No fooner," proceeded- was Ged"freedfromn, and the.
H- ecn clear of thin arch-trait-or, but the F.ther fpeiks t.- the
S.Sn and Holy Spiri,.-wh6 belonged to hi elltcrce, and wcre
equal to him ,n power and'glory,.GmC iMet lr iat, ma t. lari lie
i, ,our ..:," iw.F:e, ifter. our ou i,:Aei.i, Gen. i. '6. to hav&'-
ld.vnnlmon L,,er-the crratui.esr the v.worl1 which vehavecreated.\
.Ar..l tl,:e ie intended Ihould'glority 'himin Hea.mi. r .'c-cording
Sto thor obedience in this ftteofprobatien on earth, .rhtcin wa;,
-s it %ere, t.I he thi- fthool t6 traim them up tor th'fti beaverly
mansions. N.,w, Satan feeihg, himfiel fa l:d ; yt: il at G:-rl
had taskn the po ier from' him-as prince of the air1, wbhch
p-irwer Heavei decignrd -he Ihould retain, whbcrtb hi; creatures
~tight be tried; inyevige. for the dilgrace he h had received. 1.e

V: F iO' 1: T.0o1"rcuo'r T.

mpt Admm's wife, :Eve,..to tl te.nf'the tree of knowledge of
SF good an.! evil, which on.1 hbd &,rbiddet He appears t'o-er
mn -tbe:lh.pe of i :firpent, -then a nPrt beaitiifil cre.ure, and
tell her that it was .no better ,than pr imposition.- which God
had.put ucon Lor aid her butband not to.eit-of tliat tir-fra't
wbhch he kad created ; that the i:c' th.creofwould .rak..-.them.
.immi.rt:L like God himrelf;.anl confrquently as prrat and
poweHul dhe. Upon whi.:h.he not c.rly'.eat ther:.4f berfolf,,
it tma nri her hatb.nd eat allo,.which brought them b.. th under
the heavenil d;'pl-lire.'
SHerc Fri.la' exprcffd a gres C oncern: Ai, por mn:a!"
ered he, naynrhy soc.nr.avs4na urii'p do&,-!'.ae .'Go iLt !v ae
.an'r7, nuia e. deq d',t Phifio rfM
'Friday,' !faJ I, 3o I fill l:ved ninlkird, and-thoughtthe devil
-temptedaihuman niattrc f; far, he wcilli nct.ifulicr.i m to have an
ablulce pow.:r o,'-r-rtiem. I have t y.I' vou before or bis-tnder
love to hi pc p'e, till theh, lik Lucitcr,-di'fobyed Lii -com-
mards and rebrllcd air.icft lim ; and even .l-,n, houw '=lin
*hnrft, I it only Son, come t.) faw% finreri. &t i 'thirt lwes in itre wor'd iL under tcmiptal.'in and tlal. The de.
vil-haa yet -a p\-.,'r, as p*-[ce :t th, air, to iiR-.eft evdi co-t-
e nations in nor mind., and prompt us or. .o wick.-d araon-, that
,he might gl.iv in our -drruction. WVhatcver efil th-ughts
we ha..e, -pioc rd irom him: f:. tiht God in thi ouir dillres,
akpeda we Ihuuld applv ourilv..s to him by.-tervert prayer
lor peedy redreju. He r3 not like :a.j;urkr., to let none cOme
near htr but .-OQwicA.Al,e, bitt lrTcr-r the people" as well as
ptirll to offer rhemllvxa -at b.i 3eet, thereby lo.be ddJmtred
'from he power and-temptatinon rf the devil.
.But th.iugh atfirft m, man FridJy .-xprctffd Lome concern at
-the wickcdittis o- lucifer, I fiud it not to ei-A" to imprint
the right rotions ot him in hlu rnm.l-. s irt was tb'.ut the divine
.etrence of God; ,fr there nature afiir4t me ir'aldl my arg.u-
ments, to Ihu-w to him p'ai-rld the nrecfiy f a greatfirft cause .
and over-ruling, gov-errng power, icic-lire-t dir cirg Prwi-
dence, and of the equilv afd realooablen or paving adcratio.
to our Cirea.ori : v hfrea ther- apprred notbin. of ali this
hi the noni: n ofan enl spirit of hi; nr-ft beginning, his nrinrc,
and, above all, cf his inclination to evuitola3,.ard .dhis pow-
*er to tempt u 3 to the like. And indeed thri unlelinedl..r'i?,.
by the-m re frrce of nature, ,ru-z id me with one particular
qucllion, more than.ev' r I could h.ae .x-ui.t
I had, it ren a,.onc day, betn aIling ro ein o-f Lthe omnipo.
tent power of God, .ind his ininu 'e .bh:rtrnce..nf. lin, inifo
mu.:hthatt ihe Sciptures ftvicd'hinm a o'0q. rie, fir- to all the
we.rkers uf ntiinquty ar, u th it vwas in hs power, .wberever he
pie trd.-to dcltroy all thie .: oi i1 i onoaent, the greater part'
et which are.conti uatlly offEnding him,
j Wh*en-

-,.t IPE AxND&AKtfENT IESS .. '

S Wheh, with a serious. attention, he had'liftened a griat'
.while to what I fLd, after J had been telling him how the devil
was .bod's enemy i% the-hearts of men, and ufed allhis malice
alnd fill to, defeat the good defigns of Providence, and deflroy
the kingdom of Chriftio the woil4, and to forth: Firvy well,.
Adihtcr, iaid Fr. 'ay, you/.fai. Go. ir.-/ jrog,i,. r.eat, ii hi not"
rmaucb froring mh-h miegtier tb.an the nagcar- Jdevil? "To be
Ifae, Pli.lday.' Iid i,.'God is more wife Arid itrnnger than the
ferpe.n.t:heis.abnve the.devil, which makes iL pray to him,
that-he would tread dwn Satin under his feat, ;:ahle us to re-
S8iftftheviolent temptations, and quench his fiery dartsl.: Wh-,
t'ons answered Fridar quickly. if'G :d, ar .sii..i, ke much fr.on-r,
much might as the devil, r.vc Orjd.o f.i1 dl:-v, .ukle no mare .
Semtm n more dlowickeld.
You may be-certin, I .as ftrangely fu-pr;fed at thi&squellion
f -my.man's : an., th -pgh an -lId mii, I wa-s but a young:
,dopItr, and confsquerntly vry ill quildi-d f r a caufiult, or a
rcfblver ot intricate doubts in religion, and a; it sc quirtd ofme -
lime for me to fluly for an anfwer. I pretended not to hear him ,
nor to rlk him- what he fid : but, f.earnft was-he foran n-.
fwer, as not ..to forget his quelfion which lhe repeated in the
very lame broken- w.irds asab-,v. Vhncn 1 hbi recovered my-
felt a little, "- Frida.y laid I, G.d will at laft punili him feverely,
being referred f.tr judgment, and is to be cift into the bottom-
lif pit. t, remain in fire.eserlaftrng." But all this did not fatisfy
Friday ; -f return n; upon me, lie r-peated my words
," Rists1vE AT LAaT,- me s undr,d rnd ; but, r.vl n.t lAill devil -
/*.w, not ki.l dev7, trea., great 'while a> P? Fri lay" I lid I
you mly as well afk- me why. God does not kill yip and me,
when, by c.ur w.cked actions, we fq' much offnd hiba divine
Mriflt ? He gRivt ui time to rtpnt of our flri, thit -ther-by
we may -btain.l-ardorn. At thefe .words obtan par on, Friday
muled a great- w-ile ; and. at-laft, looking mn? iledfaitlv in the
face, IfWeli, -wsAv. fid be, that', very well ; Jo ~~ou, I, dvil, all
SwickteJ maw, allprciirwv, rttgat, G0J partan ail.
Ind.ed, here- I was rin 'ovn to the allt cxtrelmity, when it
SAecaine vejr eideMn t, me, howimrre natur.ianoti:,ns will
-guide reafonable features to the knowledge of D-tiy, and to-;
the homage doe to te Slvprcme Bei6ng ofGod ; butj however,
nothing bl' divine reve'azion can farm the knowvkdie o' Ja-
fuI Chrift, and ofa redemption p'lrchaf-d f.r 1n, of the.medi- .
stor of the new covenart, aad of an Inlerccffo at .the toni-
flool of G d'a t, rone ; an:l. therefore, the Gofpel ot onr Lord
and'Saviour Jefus ChTrft ; thit is, the- word abd,Spirit of God,
promised for tte-.,iide and fanitifier of-his people,'are the
moft nectfrarv inftraft 'ra of the lolis of men, iri the flving
knowledge of the Alm ;gty, arJ thie"means to attain- eternal.

Ope R OB.I NiS NM C CRU"S*OiE; 9

And ~ itw I foupd it necctiary to put an ern to this difcourf.
betwe-n my man and, me ;.fjr which pulpafe I role lip h3fai-
ly, and finale as if J had Iome oceation to go ,ut, I cding Fri-
day f. r f1 mrthing that was a good way offt. thr fell on
my knees, and btleected God that he ** on.i irnlpre ire b fa,.
as to guide this poor tavage in the knowlcaje uf G:,ri:., to an-
fwer his qu,:lli.-ns more clearl, th-nt hif-on'ci ne. might lbe
convinced. Li. eyes opened,. ard hts-foul fived. Whie i he re-
turned again, 1 enteredd into a very !ong drlcourfe with him, up-.
on the lu'b;et of the world'. red -mprln by the Siviour of
it, and the doietinc of repentance pccached tfrm heaven, to-
gether with an holy ,aith of our bl ;7Td ,Renermrr Jrfi. Chrif ;.
and then I proceeded to epiiin to hiin,, according to mn
weak capacity, the reafon why ouv -Saviaur took;not on him
the nature ot angels, but rathlrr the feed f A.: raham ; and how
tie fallen a,.gel. h-td ro bnt fit by that redemptiojn ;.andJ lCl)-.
that he cam: oary w the I 'it Ih p otf zhe hote -.t lirael,
-and the li;-, God kn.r I had.more tin;eritI than kncswledge
in all the wa*ys I took f..r the.poor Inulian's irflrlatilon ; an.d, J
-miuf ack- uwledge what I bdiletc, ever body that actr upol
the fim principle will- nd, that inl n ing heavenly truths o-
:pen before him I informed and inftrult-d mylfir in, many
things ths ttither I did not know. or had not pertetiv conlide --
ed before: f that, hcwever,,this pViorr creature mighit be i2-
pr. ved by my-inflr, ,iion,. certim it is,.that I.r) fclt had great
reafon to be thankful to Providence, tor.fending hinm-to me,
His company allayed my grief, ,and made my habiatai.--n m)nfor-r
table and when I -teefa.d trat the. oltary ite to wtichi had4
been I-) lorg confined, had,made me to look further toy.ard,.-
Hrcarn, by making.me the inflrument unt'e Providence, to.
lave the lfe, acd for ought 1 know, the foul of this poor layagey ,.
by bringing him to the knowlede of Jcfis Chrift it. called,
a f:cret j-y to Ipread. through every part of imy bful; and I
freqntntly reloiced, that ever I w.,s brought to this place,.
which I once thoughtithe moft mif'ribl- part of the world.
In this thankful fra-n of mr-d did I -ifterwards contintee,
while I abode on the island, and for three year-s did ray man,
and ] live in the greateft etjoyment of happinsf Inided, I:
believe the fivage. was as goo-d Chr tian as 1; and I lwope
We wtie equally p niterit ;-and .fich pemtents.as were. com- -
forted and: reftored;by--God's. Holy Spi-it; for-nowr.we had
Ilh icord i.fthe Ltr-J ti iiflrnliC ii in the rightway,as much
as if we had been or tt-e Ebnilbh t[-hre .
By the coni-ant app'-cation I made to the Seriptures, as,I
read-rhem to imy nmn Fiiday, I earnieftly endeavored tp make
him nrdeifland every p-at nr it, a m'uch at i ;n' my power.-
Ie alfo, on the oth'r hand, by his very- ferioru qu:flton & ard:
hriq-uries, made- me much better proficient in Scripture-
bicsniJge, than I shouldd have been by my own private reading-
, 'andi *

4 ".:rr-FE. AND A DWEN TURt S-

A.n itudy. I mull not omit another 'thiu *proceediringfrorm
-r. e #Cpcrierce I 'hid in my relrement: It o'MW:'that infiniie-
-and .n eprrlPle bluffing, the lkoeeledge of God thr.ughh.
*.JiL.CL.rnlt, which was lo plain and enfy-to be wdcrftkicd,-as
rinmc1T lately to diretr me to carry on the great 'w. rk of frncere-
*rerpntahce for my 'lin, and lai:ng hold of a SiJour "jr
-tternal 'rf:, to a praAical flitd reiormaitin, ahndobedtipce to.
a. fGr i' inii.utions, 'with-nit 'te .ftlfinrwe ofar.-vcer'nd ani
oethodco< divin; and efpeciall ',by.this f-me Imirnuilo, .f to
dlnithtr.n thii iavagr creature, as to make him (o go-d a Clitrif-
tan, as v;ty f:tw cvAu!d C c'-ed him. And therc. .wa orly this-
Sgre- t'-"ig want-ig, itht I bad n3. ut-;ority to adminmttcr the
icY]' S.:r.,mnr, tr?' h?..verny particip-.ton cif.Ckriftii bedy
.a'd bi'd ;.ylt, how-.vr. 'we rtft-d ouaelvei.'acoaknalithat
God wuld a.:cept cur defir's, and accordjr-g'to cUrfilti, ht'ie
*r.trcy on uw.
-"ut wlha w.: wanted 'ne way, war made up in antlther, and
., tht was 1,nvrfml peace in -oaur'lttle .cxurch. Wc-lead-no dH-
, t tei and .irn.: g hbouit the nature and feqia;ry 'fthbe holy,
'veflcd. and Lnd-vi.?d 7ri*lty n' niceir't in -doftiii, o'r,
r fhe-me! ofchbrc' government ; no"-our -or mornle dinieit, -r
Sto-impole more ;lhbl-rra';d notion noon ut ; nopeodantJlfpi4-
er. toue it lti-nd 'rs wtv, unintellihible myfleiies: h it, Kilcad
' I af all this. a 'e fni've 'hbe m-.ft certain gaude to -Feaven ; :hat
Sh, tfie word of G .d : a-lidesfi whch, we had the comfortable
.views ot hiii Spir.it leading us to'the.iruth, and mrakirg Ira both
willing and obelient to .the 'infmrlitJn of hii; wal. :As ihe
.knowledge and pra&wce of this are the .prmitpai-meaiis of:al-
*vwtinl, a cannot e re.nt it avuls inv chriftiln churia, or man
-in the w.i Id, to. mu'e imfelf widh' Jpeculitinni .ard opinions
except 11 'be t, dilii.b.ay their particular vartty and arecta'ion.
Y 'on may vlIl Ibppole, Niat, by the freqi.ent d'f'bo,,rle we
had toeete.r, my mnan and-i 1ec-ame molt jruimitelyacquaint-
aed, and tlat 'heir sta: but ver) little tha I cold fay, but what
Frii-y lr,. -e'ltood: anrl, iI.de'd, be fpoke vry ffu.:-nrly, though
it.:wwas but br 'ken iE'e ilh. I n :- tuook a particuiar picafure in
- eliting all 'my ad'',tl.trie,efptcidly tbole that occurred d fince
Smy b.irn il' t c.n thil iarnd. I mad; hlim-underitan that w..n-
:dcrttl oafrer--, ai h.e conceived, .11 gunpc.wd'dr and b[:llr,
*and ta.i i-t "im -hw to fhIl.u. .J al'r prAl-ted to himn kr.i e,
Which 'Fpiald-h.n c cerdingly, maklirq hun a belt, itrh a.
S rog hanrrgli .thce i.n wi mcl .vc lt .h e we]r t' aR rs il
Er gland ; a.d, inirtei.j :.f t.a bair *o put in tae frc--, I gaue
hem L.ha'c'-et,' e'hich w.i3 n.-t irlv aE ygridJ, Llt eien a bett-r-
r.wenp .n uipo, many c.:311aorr. In a w .rd, my mniii tus ac-.
.c6utr.-d, looked iipon h inmlel as preat 3 [-L)n QLl~uotc, w en
'that cdcbrited champion went t cunibilr the .wirilill.[
J next gave him i etrypparucular delcep.iorn ot iLe territorje3-
ti EurLet, and in a pairttiul-ranr a ater Old Eg rl.nd, thai
.. ."' ,e-

o.tf, ROBN rmSON CiRUSO E;

place of my nativity. I laid before him the manner oFour wor-
Ihipping God, our behaviour one to another,. ati.l hoav we
trade in ulupi to every part of the universe. I then toll him my
mbtorrunes in beine Ihipwvecked, thoving him,. a near as I
oould, the place heree the llip lay, wh'cL' a.'b-en g .ne long,
before ; but I brought hlim to the ruitrlsot my boit, v.-hich C --
fore my holee Ihrength could no n nt .wvi,. but n.' w ,s a mc it
rotr:n. ind fallen to pi-ces. I oblerv-d mi man S ri.dav to view
this boat % Ith uncomamn curioly ; when, ,ltn ho had done
he Itood pondering a great while, and fi'd n-itr.ing. At lalt,
fald I, "Iriday, wh.U& ma.es you ponder lo mucnri ?"de replied,
0 :.:,jier, w le e j'.it:e bor -.ne to pi e 'i nau ? TiM .
It w a, Ibme time, indeed, btrore I underlb'od what my man
meant bat examining fkrii'tly into it, I plat. 'y f-oand, th.r
inch another boar rkfemlihng mine, had come ip n the country
abrere he dwelt : thit is to fay, by h!s F rher ep'anliaion, th:.sr
the boat '...a driven there through fire's f wteathr.. It then-
came into my mird that nime Eiir.pean Itip having been call
av.'y. the po..r diftretrd ce,.turies wr.i f-;rcec. to hive r.coi)rfe
to the b.at to lave their live; ond being ad, ,a,. I thought,
drowned, I never concrired mylellito alkny rting conteriixig.
them, bat my only inqiirty was about the boat, and, what.de-'
fcp-tpon my man.couLl gie of it.
Indeed Friday anfvercd'my demands vtry well;-making every.
thing very p!ain to my underftading : but beyond meafure:.
was I latisted, when he told me with great warmth aindr'ar-
dour. O.mnnder, we jtte s ib:r nnr as /: ot Jcn .-. ;- upon which,
I immediately walked him, ii there were any white mian, ai he
called them n the boat ; Yet e ai, fad he., teb .rt pll, a.er
. -he numbered his finger;, and cotn-ed fI'enten. 'Anld when
I walked him what bcsme ot them all, and whether they lived or
not ? he replied, ft., -i.pir, tly ai.t:"'', t ,-' il;.e a 'tray my:
vlat:.. Ti;s iniormation put tillh th.i glrs ito my,head."
that theft murlt he thol very men unao before I .: .-nu.'ed htd.
been vwallowed np.irn he ocean, after they h-.i left tte- (h'iip'
tat had truck uri the rock, ot my kiid,l.rrn,, a..l ifter ci-
raping the fury of the daep, Ianridej upi,nz th; wild fh, rc, aan
committed thcmtielvi 1t the itry. cl :he det.'.iarnn. Indians.
TLe in umer of theTr.criJlt.ieA to .queintiv, at 1 thon thit, mult be 3ated iin rrrate barbarity
to llran2er:-, .reated in me a latat nXtLt.y, and nide m: ftill,
mor cCur.ou; to a't Fr-dly.concerr.in them. He- tl I -i,,he was
fur: they rtill iihvdc there, navir.g i I.dJd arrm n- n-ab L.e ,ur r
yea.s, ..nd t'iat the lavaeei give tihcm 'idulk to le upon:
" But pray, Friday," laid I, ** whence iroc:cded all this go'd
'nature and geneiolity How came it to pal that thc)i.ddt,:
not kill and eat them, to plate their devonTng appetites, aod6-'
:arcaion to Iplenddi.an entertainment among them No',, LJa l
'. '* *, .* / tw in

.96 ik XET AND A ) V E19 T UIR 10

fai FridAy, rthy not k-it ',m, trfy ma -. Atirtrss 'wib dern f
by whiwh I underffood there w'.sa trace i etvaeen them. And
then' I hid a mote fa.voFrAble cpinii. n Cf the Indians. IDO Frin-
day ut'erlg t-el( word,' J-I *l wii, r'. r n,;i r n.) .ar
p lai, but w~~'h ma' n an, mi war trbr.t : as tblouLll bi Ld lid,
4tha.- n.thrr th.-le of h'i hkmglrn-I, nor any other uati ns thar
fie ',nw f, iv:r ate tlihr fedow cre'.tures but fieb a- their
law -farms a!lbwed to'be devoured ; ller i, tcfk rin'f.:':e
tap i's, v hoir misforrune it ihoct:d he to tz made pli;bnert-

Some co' Fid.rable time after, upona.very pleasant !an, in-
m't. rcrere weather, my roan and I ftoord pmon the rp of a-
bll, on. tre cafR ide cf tht illand, whence I had orc .bt.fre
-I edl the cont.rent oft America. I conid not tell irrrmed.at*-ty
what iar the mi.t.cr, fr luddtdy Friday fell a jumping and
itanciig as tftie hid h1en mad, bnd upon myi demanding the
greaf n oi his Lt'haviou', 0 jy faid he, O g.td! tein~: e n.y
sounrry, .4sere my natips, there jrE. wwrril,- i-ilns errhr. And
intleeti iuch a tatituroui litnfe at p'teaure ap aret Ln Lts caoun-
ttnance th ;' bai eyes -ha.- an *arnc~irmon pa, .Ling nd bfigt-
seh ,.and fach a Ilragoe ctaernrei as f lie Ikd a longirg dclire \
to be in his country ag.mn."his made rne .-t fa w!l Ir.l--
fled witb my man Friday as tbiore; for by- tiu appearanle, :
Smande rin difpute, tut that if he could set back thitbicr. a, r,.
be would not only be unmindful ef.what religion 1 b-'d taught.
him, binut I ewi'e of the griat ublistaion he owed me fcr his
wonderful delierasce ; nay, that he w-tild net only inorim hii
countrymen of me, but accompany hundreds o them to my
.Amgdom, and mal:e me a aulerabk Iacaifice like thbAj unhappy
*wretches taken in battle.
indeed. I was very m,.ch to blame to bave thr.fe crul and un-
jurt idppicioBs, and muit freely own I wronged -cthe poor ea:ia-
'ture very much, who was of a quite coatMar.y temper Ar.d-
had lie hid that dircerrnig acuteri e' wb,.:Il many European3 -
have, he w'iu-ld certaaily have perceived my crtAd-lnSa and indif-
ftererc .ind alfo have be-n very rruchi correrncre i.pmn that -
Saccount: 1i waI not. moae circumlpift, I h id muc;: Illf ned -
a* y kin .nel'f and Ismiliarity w'rvb tlii,- a r '1 wrti'e t s ..-iulty
contLnaeu., ul.d that att'UI wday-i rnTW tO -sUCh in fi-lhr;.n, the
-occallon of Ilrite .md ddlttiito;.) .-.1 pumpii,- himr daily rh, r:by
Sto difcoiver lactther be 0'2a di'c-tL!iil m Ibs thbrne', and in-
.'clhrati ss: bui cettlauly h'e ti2. 1 thing in him ti ut wrhat wi -s
'conl'iftett nT' h Uhe bcft plincipile, both as a rehliiotI Chrilia-n
'and a Lttctul tend ; and, irdccd, I fonet.d very tLrg lie drti
*wai; iga:'n-nlluous rd innotlit, that I had no rom ni r tlp' clono
-and, ir tpite tof aii ttn.alinefs. te nor rnly ma m: nit entirely
,ist i v'.n i~qn, 'but allb caL-aid unre.much.toa.imritnt chatrl-ever
oucened one.ri.ctotiUht ofihla.

OF ., 0 O 1 NSO 'CR4 U-S Q *-,

A4.we were walking up tlt fame hill anotber-dAv, wlih-n. ehe
-,eather %wi fo ha*y at ae;, t!:at I could not perctive th;e cr--
tinert,.' F iday ," 'a:d I ." don't yo.'u wi'h yolrl. if t.- be-i
rutir .own c-..mtrr, your nflton, among y.:vr old friend 2n.d
acqtinirrtance:; Trj, tald :e, me much'O-gLiJ to be at ,.' cauwd
ntiif '. And' Mwit w-.'lti you do there, Fril '.w' W,-uldt
you turn wild .Igapin eat n:ki'a fleflT, an-I be a fati:e ai ett
xwere fotmcrly.' No, *n, ir.fl:-rcd be. u'l ..f con.:ern and
thak',n his head) Frja.ir norw rert thke.- ri !!r. .'e'go., te! th&m
pray' God. trt': r:Pw to eat c,..r bre.ad, ca- I, .-., ,i:k, ni etst
mtn .aeail:. baIt luitly," repl'ed 1, if uou Ih.,rld eftTer
to do :ll bti,, they will li!l )ou; and utc mart'eft their
contempt ofifuch inlttruiton tat loi urp when thc lijve 'jone.
H- tberwiput on a grave., e,ct innocent and fmolth c..J--iteance,
Japnt;, A, ."v r 'o aii ie, t.',r .'.rg L- .'ar. : that is
that (hey w.-iid b. very idling ro learn: adding %tirht, tcat
rl~r A.rI kI.:T :rnd i mrah .'l: b-arand nirn that famn, in r/iF lo;t.
W" ill yoC, i.Ld I baci again, FrIl'dy He fmN'ed at
that, and told me, iItat'ih coual not wli:n f.t far. But a.iM I,
I will make-a cane f r you. .- ln'ie'r, I.id, hr, te :. f
r'-i go, me n._ gs i.' Iu.-.rL. I ao, Friday why w- ould y li
l.ire them to tat me up, and devour your kind mater ?"
No n&. f- d lie. ie, n.'.ice ikem rCnt cy .ma-ler, anJd ,Ir wrake 1cn
m.cb6 /I-.- .:u that j, 'be wnuld tuil them towJ ha-l tlan l!,a
ernmici. Iand thereby fla\Rtd b- litfe, tar -lhich realoni he wraulil
make them love ue : ind then be related to me, aA uell'as he
-wac able, row ', Cxeedingly l.ond tholre of hia nation ere to the
white, or be.ardd mrr.Tn, a' he called rhem, who, Ir. tbeii gr-it
calamity, twere dlnier, into their .coutry.
It was from this time, indecdl. I bad ftrnrng tolinatio"r to
vmntiire o'-r, ard u!e my usvRo etf-.rls, ii plffible, to 1-,,n
the e whirr bearded men. who urd.- tbledliv er. Snarriard% or
P rtuguete; r.o, thcagbt 1, it rmuft I: certaniv a better arnd
later rav :- efkane w tn there I a n -od c mpin), tlian fir me
alone, ti,. mri an fl-d -,l,try mrele otf t.e Fl o.r, a.-d J ihout
any affiitla ce So0 cr dis, aft. p, Fihiay and I t b-ng at were,
as ifual, at tie filme t:hme idiv:rirg ,iurlelves wirh virtouls
dllcoltr'tes; told him I ha:. boui r hll I -..illd hetn\- u.por
hirm, w' everr he ptit.-d, to ri-urr to. hi; rwn nation; and to
cor.ince hin of t.,e trih of wh.t I 'aid, I took h-r. witt me
to thhe .h-r fit- eof thie il'ad, where my ; fv thate 1.. ariethen
taking it from rmdcr the vwas *'or I al a',s kept !:. rik for
'*ar o-f a vti-f.cvryi we went both ina rt to fee how it w.nid
manage, fucn an xpediti -,i.
Acd. really never couad a y. b more dprxteroa, in rowing that
.m-r tain ful .lervant. mrkir.g t-e l-'T.r go as l-aft agRin a I could.
".Well n','w, Fridav, ".faid I, L-llt we no'" yen rnc v ur Io
mnoh atiirred na-ilo?" Rut inf.;nd of meehng with that
c'icritulncrfs- cJpected, bIe luokc very. dait and- alanehoLy

4i L 1 F'E A4f. 1, 'V E I NT R 1t.;

. at my Tayinr fo; which Indeed at firft filrprifed me, till le
made rre feriflble, that his concern was abnur the boat's Btirng-
too 'fre6ll to go foIn r a -voyage. Upon which I let him tin-
-4]erftand I had a nucl bigger; and accordingly, the next day
rent to tie pace where the firft boat lay, which had-made,
when all the ftrcnpth I had or art I could ufe .failed me in my
attempt to g~et t into the water : but now it having lain in
t- c Ifn tk 'i ..rd twenty years, and .no care being taken of'it
all that tile, rt became in a manner rotten. My man told me,
tlat fnch a-bot -would do very well for the pnrpofc, fufficiert
to carry et..nth i itle, drir.k bread. f1'i that was his manner
v-f talking. In Theh-t, my -mind being fitorgl.y fixed upon rmy
dtfign of poing oewr with him to the Continent, I-very plain-
Iy told him, that we would both co and'make a'boat full as
big, and -more pr.-portiouable than that, wbherem he might fafe-
'y return to his own nat-on.
Thele w-or.-6made Fridaylook f- very penl'e, that 1 thought
he won'd have fallen at my feet. It war fome time befcie he
Could -fpeak a word, which made me afk him, what was the
Scatter ~tnth him He replied in a very lfct and moving tone,
il hat has p.'-r frido. drne ?' chy ir, son angrr mad artb pogr-
' rvan.t -'j4at in done, 0 ,c';,t Ned.'e *" riday," laid
I, "yold never yet ha-e fflended me, what mates voi think
I am anrgrn wth' you, wt n I am not angry at 'l."' ou o7
a-I y, r.. x rgrg, fad he federal times. if you be no angrr. wu'.
cen f[e-d Fritaony rer great 'water irF sY ..wn uatin.7/? i rWh
SFriday," antvered 1, --did not you witl to -be there, when
from a m mnain yon beheld the place where ynou ias born?
and is it not to -la ity sour dCrrres that I am %tillnt to give
aou leave to r;tn-n thither, 'ei, ve, faid Friday, me ~wt/h l'
fI be rtbere r:e criou~h, but PI'en ne 'w/IA mailer tkere t, : no
a.-i Friaas there. n) riler ifvre. In (h.-rt, he could not en-
dine the thought of gb iig there without me. "I go there!
Friday," laid I, -*-twhat rh-ll I do there He anfwertd v r ;
quickly. 0 nmu4?r iou do great deal much good, you rtach ai
i d- q/d.i n.anj to bc *.xd tai e niaj : ,ru learn dim tb be flo-r,
"" r ,'o n rt, to knrr-, Cc- ant ptCry Grd. "Alas poor Frl-
-dlay,"' I d i, a hat rca' I do aga-nft their prelln Ct Beuna.c-
k,.e,or indeed what goodcan I makeyn-ir nitrm f- nlrbie ot, wi e
I myf.:If am but a poor. ign,:rant man ? No. no, nmaffl, faid.
he, vu b:t no incranf, pon teacree me good, you riache demn
S .-'d. i Y,,u hall go with-ut nme, Fruda-v' fa;d 1, 'frT I dol't
care to atc-:,mpany you thitber: I would rather live in this
f-litudc tl'an venture among iuch inhuman favagie. Or jo.r
w.:Ir fli' r Jrd re rt, mid lea:.e M aloner t ny/felfas I was be-
fori fja-rd j'-r l:e.' ,
Never was ,t'y creature more thun erftruck than Friday
was at tel'e word,. 'c nme earvwa*, .leae majler awa-, (f/aid
le aj:cr a long fir;ie, n, nb, Fridizy die, Frida live not n'il -
"-. ?r, ti

., E .OB INSON 9R. U QE.. 99

.-r goRe, ac though he had f.id, I neither can nor will live,
if my maler tfnd, me from him. Aknd here I cannot but tike.
notice of the strong ti:s of friniilhip, which imny times Suf-
pati' thofe of confa'lnpnity : For otren we find a great difagree-
mint among kindred; anI when there is any feeminig regard
for each other, it is very fildomi wle, and farce ever lalling.
if powerful interest does not beir the fav ; and th it alone is
often the ocelion of the greitil. Iurwd im the world, which
is to desire the death of parents arid relations, for the I2L;e o!
aciquirin their fortunes. Bat there was n i fuch thing between
my fervant and me; in't.ad of which there wia the greiteft
.grtitude and the moll tircere lov:; he found me not only his
dtllverer, but hi. pref rver and cumtrorter: not-a feve&e and
cruel tyranri but a i.it., living, and affable friend. He wanted
for no manner of fuiternnce: and when he was ill or out of
order, I waJ bhi philvcl an, not only for hia body but his foul:
and therefore no wo.ad-r -a it. ch.i fuch an inn..-c:nt creature
long Ince diveRled cf his for-er natural cruelty. should have
an uncommon concern at l:r crtel a fcperation fro.n me, which
pirrc.d him to the very fiul, and made him dtlire even to die,
.rather than live without me.
Atier I had told Frn.i1ia in very carelefs manier,' that. he
should be at hi: liberty a' fo:, a the boat was mA:, the
lang ae t.f hii eyces erpr;ff all imagir be confuljion ; when,
immediately runn.ne to oini of his hatbcetS, which he ufed to
wear as a dteenu3e weapon, he g ves it into nmy hand, with a
leart to full, that be cruld Icarcely fpeak. 'Frida ,' fiid I,
'",hat is it ou mran \Wat mtuf, I do- with this Oily lil
Fri.Ly, faid he, Frid.a.r jr *' ulkl 1.:h. 'But whit mutt I kill
yon for e replied I adigin, A.! dear mr.,rd'r, -.wbat .'n.i.rJk. Fri-
day f- vej'.n- entat a i:re : I .i'" Fr.d.iy, m.a Frday. Irve
GCJ. a,,d ':vl rin.,t Bc.a,.,,:k''. ,',.: .ri:I'o Fri.t.tr; da Jua ; liver
jec Frid'av ,a.ure. .; though the por creature ha l aid, Alas!
my deislcJ lind mailer. IIo,)j comes it to p.f;, that after ha-
ving .ntaured your precioU; life t. live me ftom the jaws of
devnunng ca.inhibe, I'k-e mn'lrlf aft.:r fl.nh a tender regard to
provide for me 1lch J c..m'iorlble no-irrilTlimnr, and c intriuing
la long a kind irial'tcr. an.1 a molt lincere friend ; nd atter
m king nim forfake the jaife notion of an an nin Deity, and wor-
Ihip the true Gud in fpirit ind in trii'l ; aid after all thia,
how come: it now, th t you are wrillng to fnd me away to
my former c.urfe of liinr;, by iliclh mean undoubtedly we
hall be: dead to etch *rti:r ; b.t reaticr millt be my miioior-
lune, that I (hall ne.er bertr my bMlt trend I hive in the
world any more. Arnd tLi. uind)libedly, though he could not
exprelf hIrirelf 1 clearly, muit bh bi f~entiments ; for the tarn
r.n down his ch.- -ei in lIcli pleruilf manner, that I hrd
wuch ado to refi jir, irom weeping 31'o, when I beheld the noor
creature'= aff;'toa fo ti.it I w.s furced to comfort tjhn n .-
K the

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