Citation
Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida in 1960 ( FGS: Information circular 33 )

Material Information

Title:
Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida in 1960 ( FGS: Information circular 33 )
Series Title:
FGS: Information circular
Creator:
Healy, Henry G
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee
Publisher:
[s.n.]
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
iii, 19 p. : maps, diagrs. ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Groundwater -- Florida ( lcsh )
Water-supply -- Florida ( lcsh )
City of Tallahassee ( local )
City of Okeechobee ( local )
Recordings ( jstor )
Aquifers ( jstor )
Water wells ( jstor )
Water tables ( jstor )
Geological surveys ( jstor )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
"Prepared by the United States Geological survey in cooperation with the Florida Geological Survey and other state and local agencies."
Funding:
Digitized as a collaborative project with the Florida Geological Survey, Florida Department of Environmental Protection.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier:
001692741 ( ALEPH )
01823258 ( OCLC )
AJA4815 ( NOTIS )
a 62009430 ( LCCN )

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Full Text
STATE OF FLORIDA
STATE BOARD OF CONSERVATION
DIVISION OF GEOLOGY
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Robert 0. Vernon, Director
INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33
WATER LEVELS
IN
ARTESIAN AND NONARTESIAN AQUIFERS
OF
FLORIDA IN 1960
By
Henry G. Healy,Geologist
U. S. Geological Survey
Prepared by the
UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
In cooperation with the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
and other
STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES
TALLAHASSEE
1962




AGRI
CULTUL LIBRARY
Completed manuscript received
July 14, 1961
Printed by the Florida Geological Survey
Tallahaaseer




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction. .1
ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure
1 Map showing extent of principal aquifers and
sources of ground-water supplies. 2
2 Locations of selected observation wells 4
3 Hydrographs of water levels in selected wells in
Florida in 1960. 7
Table
1 Well data on selected observation wells. 5
iii







WATER LEVELS IN ARTESIAN AND NONARTESIAN
AQUIFERS OF FLORIDA IN 1960
By
Henry G. Healy
The purpose of this report is to summarize the trends and fluctuations of water levels in the principal artesian and nonartesian (water-table) ground-water reservoirs or aquifers of Florida during 1960.
Adequate water supplies are essential to the continued industrial and municipal growth of the State. Since World War II, particularly during the last decade, the demand for ground water-for industrial and municipal use has increased yearly in many parts of the State. At present, the demand has not exceeded the ground-water supply in most areas but the supply is limited and if the demand for water continues to increase as it has during the last decade, many areas may have ground-water shortages in the future. In order to prevent such future shortages, the present supplies must be appraised and effectively utilized. The measurement of water-level fluctuations in observation wells is an important phase in the appraisal of ground-water resources of the State.
The Floridan and Biscayne aquifers are two of the most important aquifers in the State. The areal extent of these aquifers is shown in figure 1. The Floridan aquifer underlies most of the State and it is the principal source of ground water in central, northern, and most of northwestern Florida. Highly mineralized water precludes the usefulness of the Floridan aquifer as a source of potable water supply in sone coastal areas and most of southern Florida. In these




0
EXPLANATION
Ei1-i Biscayne aquifer 0
1.4
Fohra aqufer
M tM
FLORIDA
Fge.n of id so
Figure 1. Map showing extent of principal aquifers and sources of ground-water supplies.




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 3
areas, the shallow nonartesian (water-table) aquifers are the chief source of ground water. The Biscayne aquifer in southern Florida is the most highly productive of the shallow nonartesian aquifers in Florida. In northwestern Florida, unconsolidated deposits of sand and gravel yield large supplies of ground water for industrial and municipal uses.
The statewide observation well network is an integral part of the Federal-State cooperative program for the investigation of ground-water resources of the State. At present, the statewide network includes a total of 727 observation wells in 45 of the 67 counties of the State; of these, measurements for 163 wells are published periodically in U.S. Geological Survey water-supply papers. This report presents hydrographs of water-level fluctuations in63 observation wells selected from the statewide network. Location of the selected wells are shown infigure 2. Additional waterlevel data for the wells used in this report and water-level data for all other wells in the statewide network are available from the office of the U. S. Geological Survey, Ground Water Branch, Tallahassee, Florida.
Fluctuations of ground-water levels reflect changes in the quantity of water stored in an aquifer. The annual net changes of water levels during 1960, as shown by the hydrographs, show that the amount of water stored in the principal aquifers remained about the same in northern Florida, increased in central Florida, and decreased in the southern part of the State.
Water levels in artesian aquifers were above average in most areas in northern, central, and southern Florida at the beginning of the year and then declined to below average. At the end of the year, water levels were above average in most areas in northern and central Florida, but were near or below average in most areas in southern Florida.
Water levels in nonartesian aquifers were above average at the beginning of the year, and declined to near or below average in many areas during the year. At the end of the year, water levels were below average and lower than water levels at the beginning of the year in most areas in




4 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
- ~ IG GEO0R G IA N
EXpLAATOoN
6na
BAt
Figure 2.I Lcation
30
P~.od~ meuunmont
Figure ~ ~ ~ ~~ 0 2Loainofslceobrvto els




INFORMATION CIRCULAR. NO. 33 5
southern Florida. Net changes of water levels were essentially caused by below average rainfall during October through December.
Table 1 contains the following pertinent information on the observation wells: aquifer penetrated, the depth of well, and the depth of casing. Hydrographs showing the
trends and fluctuations of water levels in observation wells in the artesian and nonartesian aquifers in the State are shown in figure 3.
The hydrographs show end-of-month water levels for 1960 which are compared to the maximum, minimum, and average water levels computed from end-of-month water levels for the period of record.
Table 1. Well Data on Selected Observation Wells
Depth Depth
Well of well of casing
County Number Aquifer (in feet) (in feet) Remarks
Bay BA 20 Floridan 506 140 Water levels affected
by pumping from near
by wells
Broward BR 561 Biscayne 20 20
Broward BR 616 Biscayne 25 19
Collier CL 54 Nonartesian 9 8
Collier CL 131 Nonartesian 54 22
Columbia Co 9 Floridan 836 --Dade DA 18 Biscayne 52 --Dade DA 19 Biscayne 95 91 Water levels affected
by pumping
Dade DA 39 Biscayne 6 6 Water levels affected
by pumping
Dade DA 72 Biscayne 5 4
Dade DA 179 Biscayne 77 --Dade DA 182 Biscayne 51 --Dade DA 196 Biscayne 20 --Dade DA 551 Biscayne 80 71 Water levels affected
by pumping
Dade DA 596 Biscayne 13 11
Dade DA 618 Biscayne 20 11
Dade DA 620 Biscayne 16 6
Dixie DX 15 Floridan 97 --- Water levels occasionally affected by
pumping
Duval DU 206 Floridan 1,920 1,000 Reported depth
Escambia ES 45 Artesian 152 152
Escambia ES 62 Artesian 142 142
Escambia ES 62A Nonartesian 18 18
Gulf GF 30 Floridan 536 300 Water levels affected
by pumping from near
by wells; reported
depth




6 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Table I. (Continued)
Depth Depth
Well of well of casing
County Number Aquifer (in feet) (in feet) Remarks
Hendry HE 3 Nonartesian 10 8
Highlands I 9 Nonartesian 26 22
Highlands HI 10 Nonartesian 45 41
Highlands MI 13 Nonartesian 20 16
Highlands HI 14 Nonartesian 35 29
Highlands HI 15 Nonartesian 23 19
Hillsborough HL 13 Floridan 300 --Hiltsborough HL 30 Floridan 500 34 Flowing well; reported
depth
Hillaborough HL 500 Floridan 330 97 Water levels occasionally affected by
pumping
Indian River IR 25 Nonartesian 19 13
Lee LE 414 Nonartesian 94 60 Water levels affected
by pumping from near
by wells
Leon LN 36 Nonartesian 41 38
Marion MA 5 Floridan 135 135 Flowing well
Martin MN 140 Nonartesian 31 20
Martin MN 147 Nonartesian 74 73 Water levels affected
by pumping from near
by wells
Okeechobee OK 2 Nonartesian 21 18
Okeechobee OK 3 Nonartesian 22 19
Osceola OS 171 Nonartesian 19 13
Osceola OS 181 Nonartesian 15 14
Osceola OS 183 Nonartesian 27 22
Palm Beach PB 99 Biscayne 18 16
Palm Beach PB 109 Nonartesian 14 9
Pasco PA 16 Floridan 146 20
Pinellas PI 13 Floridan 141 33
Pinellas PI 246 Floridan 208 --Pinellas PI 561 Floridan 188 --Polk PO 44 Floridan 195 81 Occasionally flows
Fblk PO 45 Floridan 643 325
Polk PO 47 Nonartesian 67 60
Polk PO 49 Nonartesian 17 14
Polk PO 51 Floridan 319 208 Water levels affected
by pumping from near
by wells
St. IAcie ST.1Al Nonartesian 17 13
S%. I"cie ST.IAZ Nonartesian 18 13
Santa Rnsa SR 102 Nonartesian 41 31
Sarasota SA 9 Floridan 730 101 Occasionally flows
Taylor TA 35 Floridan 245 189 Water levels affected
by pumping from near
by wells; occasionally
flows
Volusia VO 31 Floridan 113 --volusia VO 905113-3 Floridan 351 93 Occasionally flows
Wakulla WA 2 Floridan 65 22 Occasionally flows




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 7
Figure 3. Hydrographs of water levels in selected wells in Florida in 1960.
Explanation: Elevation in feet referred to mean sea level (MSL) or land-surface datum (LSD); solid line indicates elevations in 1960; unshaded portion shows maximum and minimum of. record; broken line indicates normal (average) for period of record.







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 9
MILLVILLE FORT LAUDERDALE
88JFMA10 J F M A M J J A S 0 N D
0 108 -- 5
cl) c) C
148s4 Ell 5'y 6?
BA20 RECORD BEGINS 1951 BR 561 RECORD BEGINS 1948
WEST OF POMPANO BIG CYPRESS SWAMP
20 J. F sA M J JA.SO N D 20 J F MA MJ J ASO ND
25 .
LAK CITY
<100
CL 31 REOR BEGINS. 15 COB.
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.0.A.
BR 616 RECORD BEGINS 1950 CL 54 RECORD BEGINS 1951
IMMOKALEE LAKE CITY
J FM AM J JA SO0ND 7JF M AM J JASO0N D
W 0 70.4'
< 0 *7"W97547~0:
<.4 100 '
5CL 131 RECORD BEGINS 1952 C0 9 RECORD- BEGINS 1942




10 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
OPA-LOCKA MIAMI SPRINGS
10JF M AM J JA SON D IO JFM A MJ J A SON D
-j
C,)
w 5 o5
DA 18 RECORD BEGINS 1940 DA 19 RECORD BEGINS 1940
SOUTH MIAMI EVERGLADES
t5 15
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ua
00
o o.
DA 39 RECORD BEGINS 1940 DA 72 RECORD BEGINS 1940
MIAMI PETERS
0 .&
~" '\ '\'w
IOJFMJJ A D IM J
DA 179 RECORD BEGINS 1940 DA 182 RECORD BEGINS 1940




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33
HOMESTEAD SOUTHWEST WELL FIELD
J FMAM J J A SON J F MA M J J A SON D
S15
\ \\ ~x:gx:
EVRLAE EVERLADE
. .~~
X I N ~ ~ 1 I i 3 4
5
DA 196 RECORD BEGINS 1933 DA 561 RECORD BEGINS 1948
EVERGLADES EVERGLADES
J5 F MA MJJA 0 A S0ND
Io
0
DA 56 RECORD BEGINS 1949 DX 18 RECORD BEINS 1957
. .' . .
~. .
DA 56 RECORD BEGINS 1959 DX 1 RECORD BEGINS 1957




12 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
WESCONETT CANTONMENT
J F MA M J.JA SOND J FM A MJ J A SON D
DO0 92
o 0
I77
ul 10 -W107
20DU 206 RECORD BEGINS 1941 ES 45 RECORD BEGINS 1940
PENSACOLA PENSACOLA
JFMAMJJ ASOND JFMAMJ JA SOUND
8
O 0- -8 -
20 12
14
3ES 62 RECORD BEGINS 1940 ES 62A RECORD BEGINS 1940
PORT ST JOE SEMINOLE RESERVATION
O 25
20 15010
6F 30 RECORD BEGINS 1946 HE 3 RECORD 1940-44
19 50 TO DATE




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 13
EAST OF AVON PARK SEBRING
1J F MA M J J A S 0 N D 95J F MAM J J A SO0N D
.*. .~
. . . . . . .
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0 a
m125 . -85
120 .80 HIS RECORD BEGINS 1948 HI 10 RECORD BEGINS 1948
BRIGHTON CHILDS
J FM A M J JA SOND J FM AM JJ A SON D
30 140
25 (30
20 20
.~ . 0
IS '. .~. .
HI 13 RECORD BEGINS 1948 10HI 14 RECORD BEGINS 1948
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14 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
RUSKIN WIMAUMA
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o5
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5 561
HL 30 RECORD BEGINS 1950 HL 500 RECORD BEGINS 1951
EAST OF YEEHAW FORT MYERS
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N N".
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TALLAHASSEE SAK ER
2 J A M S0ND 0JF JJAS
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ui20 o1
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LN 10
LN 25 RECORD BEGINS 195 LE 41 RECORD BEGINS 1948




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 15
WEST OF MADISON WEST OF JUPITER
30 m250 20
MD 18 RECORD BEGINS 1952 MN 140 RECORD BEGINS 1950
STUART FORT BASINGER
10 )45w 30
MN 147 RECORD BEGINS 1952 OK 2 RECORD BEGINS 1949
FORT DRUM NORTH OF DEER PARK
40 FMAMJ JASON.D .JFMAM JJASOND
65 r30
20
OK 3 RECORD BEGINS 1948 0S 171 RECORD BEGINS 1950




16 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
WEST OF HOLOPAW SOUTH OF KENANSVILLE
J F MA MJ J ASO0N D 8 FM A MJ J A SON D
K80 +. 75
75 < 70
70 65
7OS 181 RECORD BEGINS 1948 65OS 183 RECORD BEGINS 1948
WEST PALM BEACH EVERGLADES
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15 -- 25
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OS 991 RECORD BEGINS 1948 0B 183 RECORD BEGINS 1948
J M MJJ DJ FMAM J J ASOND
,0.0 SO 15
PB 99 RECORD BEGINS 1948 PB 139 RECORD BEGINS 191
.EHRIL TAPO SPRINGS . .
.F M-- A-. M J. J.A.0N.
0. . .
. .5
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0 ~10PA 96 RECORD BEGINS 1936 PB103 RECORD BEGINS 1947




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 17
CLEARWATER NORTH OF SAWGRASS LAKE
J FMAM J J AS'OND J MAM J J AS N D
c25- O
30 0 .
. . .> .'. .
35 1
P1 246 RECORD BEGINS 1945 Pt 561 RECORD BEGINS 1947
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DAVENPORT WEST OF LAKE KISSIMMEE
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is FIAORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
FROSTPROOF EAST OF OKEECHOBEE
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10 5
15 20
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EAST OF FORT PIERCE GULF BREEZE
FM AM J JFAMSAN
200
15
ST L 42 RECORD BEGINS 1950 SR 102 RECORD BEGINS 1950
PALMER FARMSFOE
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