Citation
Interim report on surface water resources and quality of waters in Lee County, Florida ( FGS: Information circular 7 )

Material Information

Title:
Interim report on surface water resources and quality of waters in Lee County, Florida ( FGS: Information circular 7 )
Series Title:
FGS: Information circular
Creator:
Kenner, William E
Brown, Eugene, 1919-
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee
Publisher:
[s.n.]
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
ix, 69 p. : illus. ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Water-supply -- Florida -- Lee County ( lcsh )
City of Fort Myers ( local )
Lee County ( local )
Caloosahatchee River ( local )
Orange River ( local )
City of Moore Haven ( local )
Lake Okeechobee ( local )
Canals ( jstor )
Surface water ( jstor )
Rivers ( jstor )
Chemical analysis ( jstor )
Geological surveys ( jstor )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
"Prepared by U. S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Florida Geological Survey and the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District."
Funding:
Digitized as a collaborative project with the Florida Geological Survey, Florida Department of Environmental Protection.
Statement of Responsibility:
by William E. Kenner and Eugene Brown.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier:
022347967 ( aleph )
12875518 ( oclc )
AJA4920 ( notis )
a 56009887 ( lccn )

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Full Text



STATE OF FLORIDA
STATE BOARD OF CONSERVATION
Ernest Mitts, Director

FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Herman Gunter, Director



INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7




INTERIM REPORT

ON


SURFACE WATER

AND

QUALITY OF


LEE COUNTY,


RESOURCES


WATERS


FLORIDA


WILLIAM E. KENNER and EUGENE BROWN







PREPARED BY U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
IN COOPERATION WITH THE FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
AND THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FLORIDA FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT







Tallahassee, Florida
1956

























CONTENTS


Part I Surface Water Resources of Lee County,
Florida .................................

Part II Quality of Surface Waters of Lee County,
Florida .................................. 15























42,409
ii








PART I


SURFACE


WATER RESOURCES


OF


LEE COUNTY FLORIDA



By
William E. Kenner
U. S. Geological Survey


Prepared by the
U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
In cooperation with the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
and the
CENTRAL and SOUTHERN FLORIDA
FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT







Tallahassee, Florida
1956
















































'I









PREFACE


This report was prepared in the Surface Water Branch of the U. S. Geological Survey under the direct supervision of A. 0. Patterson, District Engineer. Its preparation was made possible by the cooperation of the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, W. Turner Wallis, Secretary.

Most of the basic water-resources data in this report have been collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperdtion with the Corps of Engineers, the City of Fort Myers, the Florida Geological Survey, and the Florida Division of Water Survey and Research. Some data were furnished by the Corps of Engineers.








CONTENTS

Page

Introduction.......................................................1......1
Description of area ................. ........... 2
Clim ate ............................................ 2
Occurrence of surface water .......................... 2
Areal distribution ...................................... 7
Caloosahatchee River ........................... 7
Orange River (Twelvemile Creek) ................ 8
rIm perial River ................................. 8
Line A Canal .................................. 16
Still Lake ...................................... 16
Stage stations .................................. 16
Tim e distribution ... ................................. 17
Basic data requirements .......... ...... .................. 17

Appendix Descriptions of gaging stations ...... ....... 19


TABLES

Table Page

1. Runoff of Orange River ......................... 13
1. Runoff of Imperial R iver ........................ 14

3. Runoff of Line-A Canal ......................... 15


ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure Page

1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing surfacewater features ................................. 3
2. Growth in population of Fort Myers .............. 4
3. Climatological data for Fort Myers .............. 4
4. Outflow from ake Okeechobee .................. 6

5. Hydrograph of Orange River ..................... 9
6. Flow-duration curve for Orange River near
Fort M yers ...................................... 10
7. Maximum period of deficient discharge for
Orange River near Fort Myers .................. 11

8. Flow-duration curve for Imperial River near
Bonita Springs ..................... ..... ................. 12
9. Average runoff of Orange River near Fort
M yers .... ......... 6............................ 18







SURFACE WATER RESOURCES of
LEE COUNTY, FLORIDA By
William C. Kenner

INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this report is to provide such information on the surface-water resources of the county as maybe useful in planning for their more intensive use. This report is not intended to provide final answers to all questions concerning the occurrence of surface water in the county, because of the. paucity of information on the various streams in the area. However, as an initial step it should prove valuable in the formulation of plans for the future.

To the author's knowledge, no similar report has been published, although much of the basic data used in this one have been released in publications of the U. S. Geological Survey and the U. S. Weather Bureau.

This report is intended to give the best answers that are presently available to the following questions:

1. Where within Lee County are surface supplies of water located?

2. What are the variations in this supply?

3. Whatcanbe done to provide better answers.
to questions 1 and 2 than are available at
the present time?





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


DESCRIPTION OF AREA

Lee County is on the west coast of peninsular Florida opposite the southern edge of Lake Okeechobee (see Fig. 1). It has a land area of 786 square miles, 35 percent of which is in farms. Tourist trade, agriculture, and commercial fishing are the main sources of income. Fort Myers, on the Caloosahatchee River and 13 miles from the Gulf of Mexico, is the principal city and the county seat. Its 1950 population was 13,195. Total population of the county was 23,404. The growth in population of Fort Myers since 1890 is shown in Figure 2.


CLIMATE

The average temperature at Fort Myers is 73.4 degrees. January is usually the coolest month, with an average of 63.8 degrees, and August the warmest with an average of 81.5 degrees. Frost rarely occurs here. The average yearly rainfall is 52.39 inches. Figure 3 shows the variations in temperature and rainfall. The subtropical climate of the area makes possible the growing of citrus fruits, tropical fruits, such as mangoes, papayas, and others, as well as truck and staple crops.


OCCURRENCE OF SURFACE WATER

The surface-water supplies in Lee County obtain from water falling as rain on its land surface and flowing into the lakes and streams; from surface streams bringing water into the county; and from water entering the county through underground formations and making its way to the surface. Of course, not all of the water entering the county is available for use since evaporation, transpiration, and seepage into the ground take a heavy toll.

There are two essential factors to be considered in a study of the surface water of an area. One is the areal distribution. In other words, at what geographic locations within thi area are the supplies located? The second is the time distribution of the supplies, or, what is the day by day, month by month, or year by year variation in the amount of water occurring at the various locations?
































Figure 1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing surface water features.






FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


SNOS&l3d UNvSnOHI










z






z




Z a
1







z
o
2









100





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w0 0 10 0 100
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S S m a a


Climatological data for Fort Myers.


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... ... ..


Figure 3.









Total of St. Lucie Canal, West Palm Beach Canal, North Now River Canal. Hillsboro / Canal, and Coloosahatchae Canal


Caloosahatches Caa41



I


Li 1J


Outflow from Lake Okeechobee.


-4004JFMAMJ9JAS4NDJFMAMJ4AS9ND4JFMAMJJAS7ND9JFMAMJJA9ND4F9A4JJANDJFMAMJJAS7ND1JFMAMJJAS9NDJFMAMJJA4NDJFMAMJJA5NDJFMAMJJASOND
1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950


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F igur e 4.




INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-1


AREAL DISTRIBUTION

The largest single source of surface water in Lee County is the Caloosahatchee River. It carries the walter discharged into it from Lake Okeechobee through the locks at Moore Haven as well as the runoff from some 1500 square miles of land area between the Lake and the Gulf. The runoff from about 35 percent of the land area of Lee County moves to the Gulf via this stream. The principal tributaries to the Caloosahatchee River, as well as other streams in the county, and a general picture of the drainage pattern are shown on Figure 1.

CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER

For many years the Caloosahatchee River has been canalized at its upstream end and connected with Lake Okeechobee, and has served as one of two principal outlets from the Lake. The 15-mile portion of this stream between Lake Okeechobee and Ortona Lock is called Caloosahatchee Canal and the portion from Ortona Lock to the Gulf is called Caloosahatchee River.

In October 1948, gages were installed on the Caloosahatchee River at Alva and Olga and daily stage records were obtained until their discontinuance in December 1950. The datum of eachof these gages was at mean sea level, datum of 1929. The flow was measured at Alva on October 1, 1948, and was 12,600 cubic feet per second. This extremely high flow came as a result of heavy rains accompanying a hurricane. InfQrmation from local residents indicates that the highest stages known occurred in 1924, reaching 13.3 feet at Alva and 8.2 feet at Olga. Records of the Corps of Engineers show the minimum stages known to have been 1.88 feet below sea level atAlva and 2.68 feet below sealevelat Olga. These occurred on October 18, 1944. Because in some years considerable water is released from Lake Okeechobee to flow down the Caloosahatchee Canal, ahydrograph showing the flow throughthe locks at Moore Haven for the years 1941 to 1950 has been included (Fig. 4). Not included in the values shown is the leakage and lockage, which amounts to about 10 cubic feet per second. To indicate the total amount of water that may be available at Moore Haven, a hydrograph of the total flow out of Lake Okeechobee through all its outlets during the years 1941 to 1950 is also shown in Figure 4.





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


ORANGE RIVER (TWELVEMILE CREEK)

Orange River is one of the larger tributaries to the Caloosahatchee River. It flows into the Caloosahatchee River from the south about 8 miles upstream from Fort Myers. Its drainage area is 83.4 square miles. From November 1935 to October 1946, records of its stage and discharge were obtained by the U. S. Geological Survey. The datum of the gage was 1.71 feet above mean sea level, datum of 1929. During this period the maximum discharge was 5,300 cubic feet per second, with a corresponding gage height of 13.40 feet, on June 15, 1936. At times flow in this stream ceases. In April 1939 the stage fell below 0.02 foot. As an example of the distribution of flow throughout the year, Figure 5 shows a hydrograph for 1937, a year during which the mean runoff equaled the average for the 10-year period. The monthly and annual runoff for Orange River is listed in Table 1. It is of note that the average yearly runoff for this basin is 7.83 inches per year, or slightly less than 15 percent of the rain that falls. A flow duration curve is shown on Figure 6. This curve shows how much of the time during the period of record (1935-46) various flows were equaled or exceeded. For example, the flow was at or higher than the rate of 9 cubic feet per second for 40 percent of the time. This curve represents the behavior of this stream in the past and, barring significant changes in the drainage basin or climatic pattern, can reasonably be expected to represent .the future behavior.

The curve shown on Figure 7 is a very useful tool in the analysis of stream flow and shows the maximum period of deficient discharge of Orange River for the period of record, 1935-46. It shows that the flow of Orange River at the gaging site near Fort Myers was less than 3 cubic feet per second (I cfa = 0.646 mgd) for as long as 6 consecutive months.

IMPERIAL RIVER

The Imperial River flows westward near the south boundary of the county to empty into the south end of Estero Bay and thence into the Gulf near the town of Bonita Springs. Since May 1940 the Geological Survey has operated a gaging station on the Imperial River about 11 miles east of Bonita Springs. The datum of this gage is at mean sea level, datum of 1929.






DAILY MEAN DISCHAROE, IN CUBIC FEET PER SEGOND


I-L *ON uVi'f)lID NOIIVWHiO-INI





o000


,D CAM 'K 7


rT


50 "___200 100



5










0.5


0.2- -


0.1 0.2 0.5


2 5 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 98 PERCENT OF TIME DISCHARGE EQUALLED OR EXCEEDED THAT SHOWN


99 99.5 99.899.9


99.99


Flow-duration curve for Orange River near Fort Myers, 1935-46.


1,000


0.1


01


I I


Figure 6.







INFORMATION. CIRCULAR -NO. 7-I


02 5 020 50 101 CONSECUTIVE MONTHS



Figure 7. Maximum period of deficient discharge for


Orange .River near Fort Myers, 1935..46.


1,000 500


200 100 .50


I I








___________ rq I


0.1 0.2 0.5


2274


-I

72~4


5,000 2,000 1,000


A0O00


2 5 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 98 PERCENT OF TIME DISCHARGE EQUALLED OR EXGEEDED THAT SHOWN


r - ---~ ~--


~I~t~EEE~


IK{J


99 99.5 99.8 99.9


99.99


Figure 8. Flow-duration curve for Imperial River near Bonita Springs, 1940-52.


-~-1-~~-


20


0.1 0.1


.. I i i i


.... T T .
-.. T . . .


01












TABLE 1

RUNOFF OF ORANGE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS


Monthly and annual runoff, in inches


Year Jan Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual

1935 0.0007
1936 0.05 0.59 0.08 0.0005 0.0003 10.26 2.50 0.54 0.40 0.69 0.03 0.0006 15.14
1937 .0003 .0004 .02. .18 .26 .85 2.01 2.73, 1.35 .33 .08 .01 7.82
1938 0.006 .0003 .0001 .00001 0 .49 2.24 .82 .25 .35 .02 .0003 4.18
1939 .0003 .0002 .0001 .24 .08 3.24 2.40 3.85 2.30 .25 .05 .01 12.42
1940 .15 .40 .16 .13 .00007 .04 .52 1.68 4.27 .11 .0007 .002 7.46
1941 .12 .59 .35 1.29 .06 .46 3.21 .65 2.12 .20 .04 .005 9.09
1942 .13 .03 .08 .40 .03 .42 .33 .22 1.26 .07 .008 .006 2.98
1943 .005 .002 .008 .01 .08 1.59 3.46 .69 .98 .95 .11 .05 7.93
1944 .06 .04 .04 .05 .09 .13 .54 1.47 .19 .27 .04 .04 2.96
1945 .04 .02 .008 .002 .009 .85 4.13 1.20 .99 .84 .16 .03 8.28
1946 .02 .01 .02 .01 .03 .10 .38 1.86 .81

Mean .05 .15 .07 .21 .06 1.68 1.97 1.43 1.36 .41 .05 .01 7.83

Max. .15 .59 .35 1.29 .26 10.26 4.13 3.85 4.27 .95 .16 .05 15.14
Min. .0003 .0002 .0001 .00001 .00007 .04 .33 .22 .19 .07 .0007 .0003 2.96


'11
0

0
In

0




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0
14
1-





TABLE 2
RUNOFF OF IMPERIAL RIVER NEAR BONITA SPRINGS Monthly and annual runoff, in thousands of acre-feet

Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual
1940 0.39 2.64 6.36 55.23 6.59 0.68 0.21 1941 5.31 7.81 3.08 12.29 3.40 3.54 21.05 14.64 12.06 6.61 1.86 .48 92.13
1942 4.43 .48 1.54 .21 .11 7.63 10.09 1.28 10.66 1.00 .10 .09 37.62
1943 .09 .07 .07 .07 .07 5.57 19.39 14.81 9.10 4.43 .20 .12 53.99
1944 .09 .08 .07 .07 .07 .13 .11 7.22 6.37 5.79 .90 .13 21.03
1945 .11 .06 .06 .05 .05 .10 17.63 24.82 19.80 7.66 1.19 .14 71.68
1946 .11 .07 .07 .05 .06 .47 5.56 12.09 12.29 7.95 10.49 1.37 50.58
1947 .17 .10 2.82 .66 .15 19.71 16.83 24.73 60.75 24.97 6.73 4.55 162.2
1948 2.36 1.36 .13 .09 .07 .08 6.00 7.67 21.79 23.03 1.26 .15 63.99
1949 .10 .04 .05 .04 .08 7.87 10.51 15.08 12.91 24.13 3.77 .25 74.84
1.950 .10 .07 .86 .07 .04 .05 7.76 2.34 11.37 .43 .13 .11 22.53
1951 .08 .06 .06 .05 .05 .04 7.82 14.50 6.93 49.72 2.62 .19 82.12
1952 .08 .09 .10 .06 .06 .14 6.41 7.26 10.33

Mean 1.09 .86 .68 1.14 .35 3.52 10.14 11.75 19.20 13.53 2.49 .65 66.61

Max. 5.31 7.81 3.08 12.29 3.40 19.71 21.05 24.82 60.75 49.72 10.49 4.55 162.2
Min. .08 .06 .05 .04 .04 .04 .11 1.28 6.37 1.00 .10 .09 21.03


















TABLE 3
RUNOFF OF LINE-A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS
Monthly and annual runoff, in thousands of acre-feet


Year an. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual


1944 20 15 32 '82 71 5,560 2,180 3,330 468 29 1945 49 12 2.6 0 0 4,360 114,900 6,210 6,290 1,430 189 15 33,460




FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


During the time from May 1940 to December 1951 the maximum discharge observed was 2,890 cubic feet per second on September 12, 1940. The water elevation at the time was 12.45 feet above mean sea level; however, during the flood of June 15, 1936, a stage of 13.4 feet was reached, as evidenced by floodmarks. Low flows are not uncommon; however, the only time during the period mentioned above when there was no flow was from June 28 to July 3, 1940. A table of runoff in thousands of acre feet (Table 2) and a flow-duration curve (Fig. 8) have been included.

LINE-A CANAL

This canal runs south from Fort Myers to Mulock Creek, a distance of some 10 miles, and intercepts the flow out of Six Mile Cypress Slough on the east. A gaging station was operated on the canal from June 1942 to July 1948. Only stage information was collected except from February 1944 to December 1946, when flow data were also obtained. The datum of the gage was at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). During the period covered by discharge records the maximum flow was 567 cubic feet per second, on September 19, 1947. Extended periods of zero flow were recorded. A minimum gage height, on June 16, 1945, was 2.14 feet. Listed in Table 3 is the runoff in thousands of acre feet for Line-A Canal.

STILL LAKE

Still Lake, 15 miles east of Fort Myers, is a circular, water-filled, sinkhole 600 feet in diameter and 208 feet deep. It was investigated in May 1943 by the U.S. Geological Survey and determinations of water temperature, stage, and depth at various locations -were made.

STAGE STATIONS

In addition to the records already discussed, records of stage have been collected on the Estero River at Estero, Mulock Creek near Estero, and Billy's Creek at Fort Myers. For station descriptions of all stations that have been operated in Lee County by the U.S. Geological Survey, see the appendix





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7- I


TIME DISTRIBUTION

It is frequently as important to have information concerning the time distribution of the flow of streams as it is to know where the water is to be found. Even though the total yearly runoff for two particular streams may have been equal or nearly equal, the time at which various amounts of runoff occurred do not necessarily coincide.

The most important factor in producing the pattern of runoff is the seasonal distribution of the rainfall. In Florida the stream flow pattern follows the seasonal changes in rainfall more closely than in areas where snow is a factor. Figure 9 shows the seasonal variations in the average runoff of Orange River. The correlation may be noted by comparison with the variation in rainfall shown in Figure 3.



BASIC DATA REQUIREMENTS

In view of the rapid economic growth of Lee County, it is evident that more information on surface water resources is needed. The value of the records collected thus far would be increased by their continuance and by the operation of a program on a broader scope.

Essential to such a program would be the operation of additional index gaging stations on several of the larger streams and the periodic determination of the flow of the smaller streams. Periodic observations as well as the collection of daily stage and discharge data would contribute materially to knowledge of the hydrology of the county and at the same time provide information of economic value.




























J F M A M J J A S 0 N D


Fig. 9.


Average runoff of Orange River near Fort Myers.





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-1


IMPERIAL RIVER NEAR BONITA SPRINGS

Location--Lat. 2620', Long. 81045!, in Sec. 36, T. 47 S.
R. 25 E., 1 1/2 miles east of Bonita Springs.

Records Available--May 1940 to December 1951, daily stage
and discharge (continuing).

Gage--Water-stage recorder and wooden control. Datum of
gage is at mean sea level, datum of 1929. Prior to Sept. 10, 1941, staff gage at same site and datum read
once or twice daily.

Extremes--Maximum discharge observed, 2,890 cfs Sept. 12,
1940 (gage height, 12.45 ft.); no flow June 28 to July 3,
1940.

Flood of June 15, 1936, reached a stage of 13.4 ft.,
from floodmark.


MULOCK GREEK NEAR ESTERO

Location--Lat. 26028'. Long. 8150', in Sec. 18, T. 46 S.,
R. 25 E., 30 ft. upstream from U. S. Highway 41, 3
miles northwest of Estero.

Records Available--June 1942 to July 1948, daily stage (discontinued).

Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea
level (levels by Corps of Engineers).

Extremes--June 1942 to July 1948: Maximum gage height,
6.98 ft. Sept. 18, 1947; minimum observed, -0.22 ft.
Feb. 15, Mar. 8, 1943.

Flood of June 1936 reached a stage of about 9.0 ft.,
from information by local residents.

Remarks--Local residents state there is always some flow
in stream. Stage affected by tide at low and medium
flows.





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


ESTERO RIVER AT ESTERO
Location--Lat. 260311, Long. 81051', in Sec. 34, T. 46 S.,
R. 25 E., 230 ft. upstream from highway bridge, 0.8
mile east of Estero.

Records Available-- June 1942 to July 1946, daily stage (discontinued).

Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea
level (levels by Corps of Engineers).

Extremes--June 1942 to July 1946: Maximum gage height,
8.01 ft. Oct. 18, 1944; minimum observed, -0.88 ft.
Dec. 14, 15, 1942.
Flood of June 1936 reached a stage of about 14.0 ft.,
from floodmark.


CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER AT ALVA

Location--Lat. 26*43', Long. 810361, in Sec. 27, T. 43 S.,
R. 27 E., 110 ft. downstream from highway bridge at Alva, 12.8 miles downstream from State Highway 29
at La Belle.

Records Available--October 1948 to December 1950, daily
stage, occasional discharge (discontinued).

Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea
level, datum of 1929.

Extremes--October 1948 to December 1950: Maximum gage
height, 6.71 ft. Sept. 30, 1949; minimum 1.68 Dec. 24,
1949.

A stage of 13.3 ft. was reached in 1924, from information by local resident. A stage of -1.88 ft. occurred on Oct. 18, 1944, from records of Corps of Engineers.
A discharge of 12,600 cfs was measured Oct. 1, 1948.

Remarks--Stage affected by tide. Regulation by Ortona Lock, 22 miles upstream from station, and by lock at Moore
Haven.






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-1


LINE-A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS

Location--Lat. 26 31', Long. 81 51', in Sec. 6, T. 46 S.,
R. 25 E., 1/4 mile upstream from U. S. Highway 41,
9 miles south of Fort Myers.

Records Available--June 1942 to February 1944, daily stage;
February 1944 to December 1946, daily stage and discharge; January 1947 to July 1948, daily stage (discontinued).

Gage-- Water-stage recorder and concrete control. Datum
of gage is at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). Concrete control completed Feb. 5, 1944.

Extremes--Maximum discharge, 567 cfs Sept. 19, 1947 (gage
height, 9.71 ft.); no flow at times; minimum gage
height, 2.14 ft. June 16, 1945.


ORANGE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS
(Previously published as Twelvemile Creek near Fort Myers)

Location--Lat. 26040', Long. 81431, in Sec. 9, T. 44 S.,R.
26 E., 1 1/2 miles southeast of Buckingham and 8
miles northeast of Fort Myers.

Drainage Area--83.4 square miles.

Records Available--November 1935 to October 1946, daily
stage and discharge (discontinued).

Gage--Staff gage read once or twice daily. Datum of gage is
1.71 ft. above mean sea level, datum of 1929.

Extremes--Maximum discharge, 5,300 cfs June 15, 1936 (gage height, 13.40 ft., from floodmarks), from rating curve extended above 2,800 cfs; no flow at times; minimum gage height, less than 0.02 ft. Apr. 18-22,
1939.1





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


BILLY'S CREEK AT FORT MYERS

Location--Lat. 26 391, Long. 81 51', in Sec. 13, T. 44 S.,
R. 24 E., at First Street bridge in Fort Myers.

Records Available--February 1944 to December 1951, daily
stage (continuing).
Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea
level, datum of 1929.


Extremes--February 1944 to December
gage height, 4.8 ft. Oct. 8, 1946,
minimum, -1.77 ft. Oct. 18, 1944.


1951: from


Maximum floodmark;


Flood in 1936 reached a stage of 4.5 ft. A low tide of
-3.8 ft. occurred during a hurricane in 1935.

Remarks--Stage affected by tide with an average range of
about 0.7 ft.


CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER AT
NEAR FORT MYERS


OLGA,


Location--Lat. 26043',
R. 26 E., 120 ft.
0.45 mile north
from Alva.


Long. 81043', in Sec. 21, T. 43 S., downstream from State Highway 31, of Olga, and 6.5 miles downstream


Records Available--October. 1948 to December 1950, daily
stage, occasional discharge (discontinued).

Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea
level (levels by Corps of Engineers).

Extremes--October 1948 to December 1950: Maximum gage
height, 4.60 Sept. 29, 1948; minimum -1.58 Dec. 24,
1949.

A stage of 8.Z ft. was reached in 1924, from information by local resident. A stage of -2.68 ft..,occurred on Oct. 18, 1944, from records of. Corps,of Engineers.

Remarks--Stage affected by tide. Regulation by Ortona Lock,
28 miles upstream from station, and by Moore Haven
Lock.
















PART H


QUALITY OF SURFACE WATERS

OF

LEE COUNTY FLORIDA



By
Eugene Brown
U. S. Geological Survey


Prepared by the
U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
In cooperation with the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
and the
CENTRAL and SOUTHERN FLORIDA
FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT







Tallahassee, Florida
1956











CONTENTS


Page

Introduction .......................................... 7
Purpose and scope ................................ 28
Acknowledgments .................................. 28
Previous investigations ............................ 28
Quality of surface waters ..................... ........ 29
Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven ................ 29
Caloosahatchee Canal at Ortona Lock ............... 33
Caloosahatchee River .............................. 34
Orange River ...................................... 34
Miscellaneous surface supplies ..................... 34
Conclusions .......................................... 35


APPENDIX

Table Page

1. Chemical analyses, Caloosahatchee Canal ........ 38 Z. Chemical analyses, Caloosahatchee River ........ 60
3. Chemical analyses of miscellaneous surface
waters ......................................... 62
4. Chemical analyses of ground waters .............. 69


ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure Page

1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing type
and location of sampling stations ................. 30
2. Average monthly chloride concentration and
flow of Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven,
Florida, 1941 ................................... 31
3. Annual mean discharge of Caloosahatchee Canal
at Moore Haven, Florida ........................ 32










QUALITY OF SURFACE WATERS of
LEE COUNTY, FLORIDA
By
Eugene Brown

INTRODUCTION

GENERAL

The history of the development of public water supplies in Lee County parallels that of many other coastal areas in southern Florida. In the early years, when the population was small, an ample supply of ground water was easily available from the artesian formations located at various depths between 100 and 1,200 feet below the land surface. Prior to 1935 the City of Fort Myers obtained its water supply from deep artesian wells penetrating the Hawthorn and Ocala formations. The water produced by these wells had a hardness of about 850 ppm, with high chloride, sulfate, hydrogen sulfide, and dissolved solids.

With a steady growth in population came a demand for more and better water. This demand has been caused not only by a rapidly increasing population, but also by greatly expanded industrial and agricultural enterprises. The tropical location of FortMyers and Lee County is well suited for the growth of winter produce and citrus; many acres of gladioli have been planted within recent years. Also during the past few years the cattle industry has become of ever-increasing importance to this area and will contribute greatly to the future growth and development of the county.

Faced with the sometimes divergent requirements of the various interests concerned with the consumption, disposal, and regulation of water within the county, interested individuals, in cooperation with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, organized the Lee County Water Res6urces and Conservation Committee. Members of this comrmittee met in January 1953 and discussed at some length the C unty-wide problems of water supply and conservation, as well as certain local problems of special interest. It was the





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


conclusion of this committee that a report be prepared presenting all available data relating to the hydrology of Lee County and also setting forth deficiencies in hydrologic data and recommendations for remedial action. The following material has been assembled to assist in the preparation of its county-wide report.

PURPOSE AND SCOPE

This report does not attempt to do more than present very briefly the results of previous investigations of the chemical quality of surface waters in, or contributory to those of, Lee County, Florida. The quality of ground water is referred to only with respect to the possible contamination of surface waters by highly mineralized water from artesian aquifers.

On the basis of the analytical data presented, together with a limited discussion of the various surface water supplies included, certain recommendations are made which are believed necessary for an accurate appraisal of the hydrologic conditions in Lee County.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This report was prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, W. Turner Wallis, Secretary. It was prepared under the general supervision of S.K. Love, chief of the Quality of Water Branch, Washington, D.C. and the direct supervision of Eugene Brown, district chemist, Ocala, Florida.

The analytical data presented have been collected over a period of years by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, the cities of Fort Myers, Miami, Miami Beach, and Dade County.

PREVIOUS INVESTIGATIONS

In order to obtain information about the chemical quality of surface waters in and near Fort Myers, this city entered into a cooperative study with the U.S. Geological Survey in





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-II 29

early 1944. This study provided for the collection and laboratory examination of a series of water samples collected at selected points in and near the city of Fort Myers, as well as from most of the more important surface water supplies available to the county. Accordingly, from 1944 to 1946 samples were collected from the Caloosahatchee River, Orange River (Twelvemile Creek) Line-A Canal, Billy's Creek, Manuel's Branch, and other small creeks and drainage ditches. The results of chemical examination are given in tabular form in the appendix. Also included in these tables are results of chemical analyses of daily samples from the Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven, and of other surface water supplies pertinent to this study. The location and type of sampling stations are shown in Figure 1.

Since there are no known published analyses of surface waters in Lee County, the following discussion of surface water quality is based entirely on the analytical data included in the appendix.


QUALITY OF SURFACE WATERS

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN

The Caloosahatchee Canal is generally considered to be the canalized portion of the Caloosahatchee River system from Lake Okeechobee to Ortona Lock, while the portion from the latter point to the Gulf is known as the Caloosahatchee River.

Daily samples were taken from the Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven from February 1941 to March 1942 and analyzed for alkalinity, specific conductance, and chloride. These daily samples were then composited at 10-day intervals for comprehensive chemical analysis. The results of these analyses are given in Table 1, appendix.

The minimum chloride value of 7.0ppm was observed on Sept. 13, 1941 and the maximum of 53 ppm on Apr. 2, 1941. The average chloride concentration during this period was 30 ppm and the average hardness was 113 ppm. The analytical data obtained during this period indicate a water entirely








CHARLOTTE COUNTY
LEE COUNTY JA River


Lo Bell*


14EMORY COUNTY


Still


I


I


eL- Daily Sampling Station A -Periodic Sampling Station


= aa ..MnIEEE
COLLIER COUNTY
I


0
immokalee


L--


Figure 1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing type and location of sampling stations.


Hlcpochee


i A







OU Y.*" AM, -1,- =


- Streaflow, in ousand a re feet o o,
Chlorid ,gin par per mil ion



-


Jan.


Feb.


Mar.


Apr.


June July


Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Lec.


Figure 2. Average monthly chloride content and Ilow of Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore
Haven, Florida, 1941.


n--.


200


14O 120 100


80


"100


70



60 & 50


40 30


20 10


Dec.


I'n. T.'a h M ',,,





tam I - I -


1. --- -2001-


/


Figure-,3..- Annual mean discharge of Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven, Florida.





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-I1


suitable for agricultural use, but requiring color removal for domestic and most industrial purposes.

The annual variation in chemical quality is illustrated in Figure 2, which shows the average monthly chloride concentrations for the year 1941, as well as the streamflow in acre feet for the same period. Since the flow through the canal is regulated by the lock and dam structures at Moore Haven the quality of -water discharged into the canal bears little relation to the flow. The rather uniform quality shown results from the "smoothing" effect of the large reservoir storage afforded by Lake Okeechobee. The chloride concentration is shown to be somewhat lower during the period June to October, as a result of dilution caused by heavy rainfall at this time of the year. Although Figure 2 presents a fairly good picture of the monthly variation in chloride content for a givenyear, it does not show how the concentration of this constituent may vary from year to year. It may be seen from Figure 3 that the year in which the analyses were made was one of high discharge through the canal. To the extent that this high discharge indicates a relatively "wet" year among those shown, an estimate maybe made of the possible variation in chemical quality from year to year.

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK

During the period February 1945 to April 1946 samples were taken from both upstream and downstream sides of the lock and analyzed for specific conductance and chloride. In addition periodic samples were taken for more complete chemical analysis. The results are given in Table 1 of the appendix. The chloride concentrations at both sides of the lock indicate that the water was not contaminated with sea water at the time the samples were collected.

It is impossible to compare the quality of water at Ortona Lock with that at Moore Haven on the basis of available data, since samples were not taken from the two locations during the same year. Itis significant, however, to note that although the samples at Ortona Lock were taken during a relatively "dry" year, water of acceptable quality was observed. The average hardness at this location for the period February 1945 to April 1946 'was 174 ppm and the average chloride was 36 ppm.





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER

As previously stated, the Caloosahatchee River proper is considered that portion of the river system between the Ortona Lock and the Gulf. The Caloosahatchee River is tidal at least as far inland as the Hendry County line and, as a result, contains varying amounts of salt water from the Gulf of Mexico, depending on the discharge of the river, tide stage and other climatic conditions, and the distance from the Gulf. There was, therefore, little incentive to conduct exhaustive chemical quality studies west of Ortona Lock, but rather to confine the study to periodic sampling at various points between the lock and Fort Myers. As would be expected, low chloride values were obtained during periods of high discharge through the Caloosahatchee Canal and high values during periods of low discharge. Table 2 in the appendix includes results of analyses of periodic samples collected at various points between Ortona Lock and the Gulf.

ORANGE RIVER

Orange River,or Twelve Mile Creek, as it is sometimes called, is the most important tributary to the Caloosahatchee River. The partial analyses of samples from Orange River, given in Table 3, indicate that this water is rather hard but would in all probability be quite suitable for public supply purposes if softened. Contamination by salt water was not indicated by any of the samples analyzed.

The period of sampling was not sufficiently long to indicate how the composition of the water would change during the year or from year to year, however, it is observed that considerable variation does occur depending on streamflow.

MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE SUPPLIES

Also included in Table 3 are results of analyses of sampies taken fromBilly's Creek, Line-A Canal, andother small creeks and ditches inFort Myers;the analyses were made in order to determine the extent of contamination of surface waters by sea water and ground water. In most instances both top and bottom samples were taken to indicate the maximum chloride concentration present.





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-11


Wells in the Fort Myers area penetrating the artesian aquifers generally yield water containing in excess of 1,000 ppm chloride, while those withdrawing from the shallow unconfined aquifers usually yield water containing less than 50 ppm of chloride. The hardness of water from these shallow wells, generally less than 50 feet deep, approximates 300 ppm, and the iron content is apt to be quite high, as much as 3 ppm. A typical analysis of water from shallow wells in the Fort Myers area is given in Table 4 of the appendix. In general, the chloride content of water from the non-artesian aquifers differs very little from that of most uncontaminated surface waters found in the area. The occurrence of chloride contamination is readily apparent from an examination of the analyses for the miscellaneous surface water sources tabulated in Table 3. The large chloride concentrations found in samples collected near the Gulf and the Caloosahatchee River result most likely from sea-water penetration during high tides as well as from wind-blown spray. Sources more remote, such as Line-A Canal, probably owe their relatively high chloride values to drainage of areas irrigated by water from wells penetrating the deeper artesian aquifers. It is quite probable that the unconfined ground water in areas adjacent to these drainage canals may become contaminated by seepage from the canals during low ground-water levels.


CONCLUSIONS

Chemical examination of various surface water supplies in Lee County indicates the availability of water of sufficiently good quality to satisfy the requirements of agricultural, industrial, and domestic use after suitable treatment. The type and duration of sampling upon which this report is based was too limited to evaluate the supplies examined for any longer period than that actually included within the sampling period. Such an evaluation would require the initiation of a water analysis program in Lee County.

The number, type and location of sampling stations should be selected after a proper evaluation of the water requirements of the county, and should be maintained for as long a period of time as necessary to reflect the changes in water quality from year to year.






























































































































































































































S **


. I





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-11


APPENDIX


TABLES OF CHEMICAL ANALYSES





TABLE 1

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN. FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Feb. 12, Mar. 4-20. 1941 so
a Hardness 30

Date k 0,68 .... k 0 30 L a4C6
of 04 aa v0u 0.0u
Collection o. to -N 12 ,O 33 341 NC MAINFeb. 12, 1941 3,990 30 6.3 13 76 16 35 101 140

Mar. 4, 1941 4,030 112 33 321 Mar.5r 3,95 a13 3 -37 Mar. 6 3,860 116 33 336 Mar. 7 3,680 - 19 119 34 336 Mar. 8 3,780 1 121 33 341 Mar. 9 4,110 116 2 31 326 Mar. 10 3,930 1438 101 112 33 342 Mar. 4-10,Coposite 3,910 -6 -.0 19 118 27 31 5 147 335 90

Mar. 11 3,710 9.5 40 11 23 130 34 37 .5 256 145 375 95 Mar. 12 4,040 75 39 11 1 10 29 3 .3 245143 340 90 Mar. 13 3,720 14 38 10 14- 114 26 32 .3 240 136 327 95 Mar. 14 4,000 16 39 11 20 128 27 37 .3 255 143 349 80 Mar. 15 3,120 17 38 9.4 17 114 30 32 .3 235IT 14- Mar. 16 3,980 16 37 11 16 116 33 31 .3 240 138 318 90 Mar. 17 3,810 11 37 9.6 i5 114 26 31 .3 225 132 310 100 Mar. 18 4,120 10 37 10 15 110 30 3Z .3 223 133 310 105 Mar. 19 3,620 19 35 9.1 19 112 27 32 .3 231 125 315 100 Mar. 20 3,610 14 38 9.4 14 112 25 3-3 .3 240 133 320 100
-Mar. 11-20, Composite, 3,773 13 38 10 17 117 29 33 .3 198 136 328 95


Incluaes equivalent of 1 parts per million Carbonate ()3)" Value reported is sum of determined constituents; other entries


are residue on evaporation.


In r
0


0
rn
m

0
r
0
o

I



m









TABLE 1-- Continued

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT. MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Mar. 21 to Apr. 10, 1941

W. 10 0,a,

CollctHardnessu
Dat 'U.~0 as CaCO3
0 Q
Mg NC 0 0t

Mar. 21, 1941 2,610 124 33 337 Mar. 22 3,490 112 31 312 Mar. 27 .. .116 33 320 Mar. 28 ---1 15 31 3Z Mar. 21-22, 27-28
Composite 32 10 21 118 23 32 0.2 b176 121 322 95

Apr. 1 724 190 47 556 Apr. 2 a-- 192 53 554 Apr. 3 --- 189 51 546 Apr. 4 --- 169 41 460 Apr. 5 --- 136 35 374 Apr. 6 --- 136 36 374 Apr. 7 --- 185 48 Apr. 8 -- 85 24 242 Apr. 9 ----81 24 233 Apr. 10 --- 90 23 218 Apr. 1-10, Composite 47 10 24 144 35 39 .6 b227 158 414 100


Note.--Days for which no discharge is shown, flow consists b Value reported is sum -of determined constituents.


of leakage and lockage (about 10 cfs).






TABLE I -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in paris per million, Apr. 11-30, 1941

adHardness

Date aaA o a d 0 6.
Of 'U .U 0 & &
Collection A x NCH
Apr. 11, 1941 --- 87 25 249 Apr. 12 2,660 66 23 200 Apr. 13 2,380 126 29 287 Apr. 14 3,970 - 31 335Apr. 15 3,820 102 28 289 Apr. 16 3,660 121 30 326 Apr. 17 3,730 115 28 316 Apr. 18 3,470 108 23 301 Apr. 19 3,750 _____105 29 303 Apr. 20 3,980 113 31 323 Apr. 11-20, Composite 35 7.5 14 104 22 28 0.4 b158 118 299 120

Apr. 21 4,040 122 32 315 Apr. 22 4,320 87 26 237
Apr. 23 3,820 117 33 337
Apr 43,930 -1-0-33
Apr. 25 3,920 126 35 358 Apr. 26 3,770 127 37 362 Apr. 27 4,160 120 36 --T60 Apr. 28 4,16o 115 36 333 Apr. 29 4,380 120 36 335 Apr. 30 4,120 132 36 350 Apr. 21-30, Composite 4,062 34 9.8 24 118 29 34 2.0 b191 125 331 120
b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.


I r
0



0
m
0


r
m
-








TABLE 1 --Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million, May 1 to May 20, 1941

~U
Hardness
to .1 1
Date u S.' 'SUCa -9

May 1, 194 riv: May 1, 1941 4,890 137 37 368 May Z 4,350 130 37 362 'May 3 3,920 132 35 350 !May 4- 3,870 125 35 342
-May 5 4,120 120 38 361 May 6 3,720 132 39 366 May 7 3,50 130 39 371 May 8 1,400 91 27 261 May 9 1,900 101 30 285 !May 10 3,210 118 33 May 1- 10, Composite 3,503 ... .aMy 11 2,680 118 34 333 May z 34 331 May 13 3,720 118 33 332 May 14 3,400 137 43 409 May 15 99 33299
,May 16 3,070 71 25 220 'May 17 3,750 126 38 363 May 18 3,930 118 35 336 May 19 3,730 125 37 358 May 20 3,970 118 36 343 May 11-20, Composite 35 9.2 19 114 24 33 0.3 b177 125 335 70
b Value reported is sum determined constituents.






TABLE I -- Coatimaed
CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, May 21 to June 10, 1941

duss
Co. ticn o3 &

of ~ -~ ~a s I~

Mday 21, 1941 3,450 - -121 __ - -6 May 22 3,930 120 37 354 May 23 3,87/0 126 37 365
May 34 3,900 -223-73May 25 3,640 124 37 354 May026 3,20 112 34 334 May 37 3,490 12- 3- 32 May 28 3,350 124 37 362
May 39 1,810 ___ ____ 0 33 304 M ay 23 3.--- 1 3- 36S May 31 --- 101 34 306 May 21-31,Composite 34 8.7 1 116 21 35 0.3 317711 343 60

une 1 --- 104 33 308 une 2 --- 105 34 308 J.Tune 4 .... 103 33 308 Iune 5 --- 104 35 314 June 6 112 35 337 rune? -- 112 __ 36 331 .Tune 8 --- 10 3- 31

June 9 107 34 313 Tune 10 106 34 307 June 1-10, Composite 32 8.7 19 108 20 34 .3 b167 116 316 50 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.







TABLE 1 -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million, une 11-30, 1941

Hardness
0, asCaCO
Date a Ca
of -..0 to,~~ -.~a ~ ~ U .UO Z CO ~ ~ o ~ O& ~ O
Collection 94 U;3 4 Z Mg NC $une 11, 1941 --- 113 33 318 Yune 12 --- 113 33 317 Iune 13 --- 110 34 322 June 14 --- ill 33 316 Tune 15 --- 105 33 312 Sune 16 --- 116 36 321 .Tune. 17 --- 112 33 313 Tune 18 --- 112 33 317 Tune 19 1,010 110 33 314 Tune 20 820 122 34 316 June 11-20, Composite 30 8.6 22 110 20 33 0.2 b168 110 316 45

Tune 21 112 32 319 Tune 22 110 34 316 Yune 26 -- -100 33 297 Tune 27 --- 99 33 301 '.June 28 --- 101 34 305 Yune 29 --- 102 34 308 June 30 --- 104 33 306 Tune 21-22,
June 26-30,Composite 28 8.1 21 103 17 33 .2 b158 103 305 50


b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.






TABLE 1 -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, July 1-20, 1941
~
E Hardness

.l W 0 7aCaCO6 Date N --; ,"I z z6a
of 0 ~ ~ *4 4) 0
Collection Z~. 02 Mg NCHuU. ~,u
-U - 4 in -6-A
July 1, 1941 110 31 - - 311 July 2 --97 26 273
July 3 ---- 91 23 -2 61

July 5 --- 63 21 194 July 6 --- 49 17 145 .T'u y 7 -40 13 117uy 8 --- 46 13 121 July 9 ---_ 51 11 128 uly. 10 1 133 luly -10, Composite 21 4.2 11 68 9.1 20 0.7 blO0 70 192 140

Tuly 11 56 13 139 3uly 12 --- 59 14 144 July 13 --- 60 13 149 July 14 840 1- 154' July 15 1,560 165 41 489 July 16 880 70 15 193 July 17 742 46 9 116
July" 18 1,790 30 7 78 July 20 2,690 100 20 270 July 11-20,Composite 23 3.6 11 72 13 16 .8 b104 72 193 200

b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.






TABLE 1 -- Continued

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million, July 21 to Aug. 10, 1941

w Hardness u w0 :3 4) Q as CaC03 Q

Date k 0 v 0
"w -" (.- +a -4 go .N, of 0 UO U -1 +' wO 0
Collection 0 W z S 1 w uMg U 0 July 21, 1941 2,950 98 21 262 July 22 4,720 98 19 256 uly 23 4,050 48 11 126 uly 24 2,420 94 21 257 July 26 2,890 84 19 230 July 27 4,880 96 21 256. July 28 4,090 88 19 230 'July 29 3,930 96 23 272 July 30 4,120 89 21 254 July 31 4,040 107 26- -0July 21-31,Composite 3,809 28 5.8 13 90 18 21 0.4 b130 94 246 170

Aug. 2 4,150 101 26 292 Aug. 3 3,930 110 29 326 Aug. 4 4,040 100 27 290 Aug. 5 3,810 109 27 313 Aug. 6 4,230 94 26 272 Aug. 7 4,140 99 26 283 Aug. 8 4,030 113 31 326 Aug. 9 3,820 102 26 Aug. 10 3,820 113 28 320 Aug. 2-10, Composite 3,996 32 7.8 18 105 25 27 .4 b162 112 302 180

b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.






TABLE 1 -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Aug. 11-31, 1941
W IA
v .0 Hardness 0 40 sCaCO3 Date 0 10 S6 30a o 0 ,i0 :8 0o
of : *- &b UOLL
~a-. UU -o .
Collection
Aug. 11, 1941. 4,140 95 24 276 Aug. 12 4,270 104 26 301 Aug 4,350 ____110 28 320 Aug. 17 2,250 92 23 263 Aug. 18 --- 98 25 276 Aug. 19 -- 51 15 152 Aug. 20 --50 1415 Aug. 11-20, Composite 26 6.9 12 85 17 22 0.4 b126 93 247 z00

Aug. 21 57 15 160 Aug. 22 --- 59 15 160 Aug. 23 --- 47 -3 142 Aug. 24 --- 45 14 Aug. 25 --- 38 12 112 Aug. 26 --- 39 12 115 Aug. 27 --- 41 12 117 Aug. 28 --- 41 12 121 Aug. 29 --- 45 12 129 Aug. 30 --- 42 11 119 Aug. 31 --- 40 12 120 Aug. 21-31,Composite 14 3.1 6.1 45 5.2 13 .4 64 48 130 Z40


b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.







TABLE 1-- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN,
Chmical a-byse i a.+e 6-, .411,~, Q 1-7n~


FLA.
1 OA1


Hardness u o
bw : 0 W as CaCO3
0 o
Date 9: 4 .Cqa ;
of .U ~ U o ..
Collection '"'u U L.-. --' o,, ..r E C ,

Sept. 1, 1941 -40 11 113 Sept. 2 --37 9 104 Sept. 3 --- 31 10 91 Sept. 4 28 9.5 80 Sept. 5 --- 22 9.0 70 Sept. 6 --- 22 9.0 69 Sept. 7 --12 -0 91 Sept. 8 --- 24 8.5 68 Sept. 9 -- -24 9.5 71 Sept. 10 --- 24 9.5 69 Sept. 7-lOConposite 8.1 1.8 4.3 27 1 9.5 0.5 b38 28 80 240

Sept. 11 22 8.0 63 Sept. 2 23 7.5 67 Sept. 13 --- _____ l2 7.0 ,, 63 Sept. 14 --- 24 9.5 68 Sept. 15 25 7.5 68 Sept. 16 --- 28 7.5 70 Sept. 17 22 7.0 63

Sept. 17 --- 22 7.0 65 Sept. 18 2,850 26 8.0 64 Sept. 19 4,280 42 10 117 Sept. 20 - 22 Z4 Sept. 11-20, Composite - 32 3.9 10 - 92 180
alue reporte is sum of determined constituents.





TABLE I -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Sept. 21-29, Oct. 5-20, 1941 IU g
w Hardness as a~ C aC 3 .u o



D ate U 0 0 0 1 .-a S..
of 0 0 *; 0 ~ & .
s. w W, Mg NCHc &.
Collection t "....- z__Sept. 21 1941 2,830 76 23 233 Sept. 22 3,090 76 18 209 Sept. 23 2,440 78 18 212 Se pt. 24 2,800 79.. 18 -09 Sept. 25 2,910 92 22 260 Sept. 26 3,460 93 22 Z47 Vt. 27,3, 94 88 Z4 4

pt. 27 ....-......
Sept. 28 4,430 87 23 233 Sept. 29 3,520 87 23 236 Sept. 21-29, Composite 3,268 24 6.4 9.8 8T1 2 20 0.6 bl13 86 233 IO

Oct. 5 1,640 92 25 257 Oct. 14 --- 46 15 107 Oct. 15 --- 34 15 114 Oct. 16 --- 40 16 131 Oct. 17 --- 44 16 136 Oct. 18 --- 38 14 125 O ct. 19 ---_44 18 128 Oct. 20 -- 3.6 14 110 Oct. 5-20, Composite 14 3.4 6.9 45 1.4 18 .2 b 66 49 138 190

b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.




TABLE 1 -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE. HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Oct. 21 to Nov. 10, 1941

iu Hardness 9,
:3 43 U C
to .. W.as CaC3
Date g: *.d k C) k k ( 0
of 10O~~~~..i ~
Collection -- - Lo 4 I 0. g NCHOct. 21, 1941 .,650 35 14 -I1 Oct. 23 4,400 98 24 276 Oct. 24 3,280 104 29 301 Oct. 25 3,090 108 29 304 Oct. 26 4,250 108 29 315 Oct. 27 4,150 102 28 292 Oct. 28 4,300 101 28 292 Oct. 29 4,440 108 27 295 Oct. 30 4,170 103 28 282 Oct. 31 4,590 106 29 306 Oct. 21-31, Composite 3,932 30 7.5 13 98 16 26 0.4 b141 106 279 110

Nov. 1 3,630 106 29 297 Nov. 2 4,260 118 31 329 Nov. 3 4,090 122 32 342 Nov. 4 3,970 118 34 337 Nov. 5 3,930 112 31 325 Nov. 6 4,090 118 35 339 Nov. 7 3,830 110 29 313 Nov. 8 4,270 116 33 340 Nov. 9 3,890 112 32 333 Nov. 10 -8-00 122 34 358 Nov. 1-10,Composite 3,976 36 9.2 16 114 23 32 .4 b173 128 334 80

b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.






TABLE I --Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Nov. 11-30, 1941

E E *Hardness Sas CaC03 lu-$,

Date 3 F oa CaCO
of 0 U 0" & .3t V.M
Collection P-... U __ U.2. W NCHc U Nov. 11, 1941 4,270 104 32 314 Nov. 12 3,910 103 31 304 Nov. 13 4,180 108 33 328 Nov. 14 4,120 106 33 307 Nov. 15 3,900 106 31 301 Nov. 16 4,500 116 33 328 Nov. 17 4,240 102 31 Nov. 18 4,060 81 26 243 Nov. 20 --- 111 32 319 Nov. 11-20, Composite 31 7.9 19 104 20 31 0.4 blb0 110 30b oo

Nov. 21 --- 110 3 316 Nov. 23 77 ..= Nov. 26 154 38 411 Nov. 28 152 42 435 Nov. 29 --- 152 43 445 Nov. 30 --- 151 45 436 Nov. 21-30, Composite 40 9.9 23 133 28 37 .5 b204 141 381 90




b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.


I"
r
0


M
0
r
0


(

0
C
0
r


'l






TABLE 1-- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Dec. 2-20, 1941

Hardness
.vas cCo3 E U Date 0 ;q 4 Ca 0 A
U Q- uU o4 0 w 5 U -& "
-of 0v ., 'W .o tw Cd. 1
w F0.4 ,-0 Collection U. ;Q -P0.-U- ~ gc~g N H~. Dec. 2, 1941 --- 152 ...12 38 40 Dec. 3 --- 158 41 427 Dec. 4 --- 156 39 428 Dec. 5 --- 157 43 430
Dec. 6 --- 157 41 43.0 Dec. 7 ----154 39 420 Dec. 8 --- 152 38 410 Dec. 9 --- 152 41 432 Dec. 10 ---152 40 422 Dec. 2-10, Composite 46 12 22 154 30 39 0.4 b225 164 424 70

Dec. 12 -- 152 40 419 Dec. 13 --- 145 38 394 Dec. 14 --- 153 41 425 Dec. 15 --- 172 44 462 'Dec. 16 --- 161 42 445 Dec. 17 --- 153 42 427
*Dec. 18 --- 154 41 427 Dec. 19 --- 168 44 460 Dec. 20 --- 172 44 462 Dec. 12-20,Cormposite 47 12 25 159 32 41 .5 b236 167 437 70


b Value reported is sum of 'determined constituents.


0

o


r
-4





z

0 Cm





z
0

8i









,,'







TABLE .-- C,,ritir. ,.d

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL Al MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts pur million, Dc. !1, 1941 to Jan. 19, 1942



Go 3 Q le: asCaC3 :z Date X cc N.. W .

C., .... C C i. a
Dec. 21. 1941 --- 163 41 458 Dec. 22 144 37 399 Dec. 23 -150 9 419 Dec. 24 --- 164 44 457 Dec. 25 --- 145 38 399 Dec. 21-25, Composite 45 12 26 153 33 41 0.4 b233 162 430 70

Jan. 7, 1942 146 35 390 Jan. 8 --- 145 37 389 Jan.9 --- 146 37 392 Jan. 10 --- 141 39 399 San. 7-10,Composite 41 13 20 143 30 36 .4 b2ll 156 397 70

Jan. 11 --- 139 39 399 Jan. 12 --- 138 39 398 Jan. 13 --142 38 389 Jan. 14 --- 144 38 387 San. 15 140 40 382 San. 16 --- 140 39 381 Jan. 18 --- 140 36 378 Jan. 19 --- 143 39 383 San. 11-19,Commposite 38 11 27 143 25 39 .4 b211 140 389 .60
Value reported is su o rermined constituents.-






TABLE 1 -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Jan. 22 to Feb. 10, 1942

w EHardness 0-0
Date Ca % 0


Collection W 0 O4 06

Jan. 22, 1942 1,530 142 38 388 Jan. 23 2,800 141 36 384 Jan. 24 2,280 142 38 397 Jan 25 3,290 117 35 333 Jan. 26 3,270 96 30 283 Jan. 27 2,100 98 30 280 Jan. 28 1,890 97 31 281 Jan. 29 2,750 108 31 307 Jan. 30 3,560 85 28 261 Jan. 31 3,740 115 30 325 Jan. 22- 31, Composite 2,721 30 7.6 25 114 19 34 0.2 b172 106 324 90

Feb. 1 1,690 124 33 348 Feb. 6 2,890 90 29 269 Feb. 8 2,770 100 31 287 Feb. 9 2,120 88 29 262 Feb. 10 --- 38 24 158 Feb. 1-10,Connposite 26 6.1 18 88 16 29 .1 b138 90 266 110





b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.






TABLE I -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Feb. 11-27, 1942

E Hardness 0o
0 w 0 as CaCO

'U0 0 of 1- 10 0 0 &




Ueb218---10 29 289o w z 0
-e-. co 1 -
Feb. 11, 1942--- 3 3 1 Feb. 12 38 23 147 Feb. 13 --- -12 31 308 Feb. 14 113 30o- 309 Feb. 15 --- 109 30 302 Feb. 16 --- 110 30 306 Feb. 17 --- 104 30 291 Feb. 18 --- 104 29 289
Feb. 19 ill- ___ 1 31 - - 304 Feb. 20 --- 123 32 317 Feb. 11-20,Composite 28 7.1 18 97 15 30 0.1 b146 99 274 90 Feb.21 123 31 318 Feb. 27, 123 3340 Feb. 23 47 121 31 315 Feb.i24 -1-2- 4.3 21 32 -8315 45 Feb. 25 --128 35 -327 Feb. 26 1,470 128 32 332
Feb. 27 -1 1__ 133 1 35 1 3551 Feb. 2 1- 27, Composite 33 8.2 23 128 15 33 .1 b175 116 32 60 For period Mar. 4, 1941
to Feb. 27, 1942
Maximum. 4,890 47 13 27 192 35 53 2.0 b236 167 556 240 Minimum 724 8.1 1.8 4.3 21 1 7.0 .1, b*38 28 63 45 Average 32 18 8.0 107 20 30 .4 V160 113 297 111 b Value reported is sum oftmin constits. d Values for Mar. 4-10, 1941 composite and Mar. 11-20, 1941 dailies not included in average.


'U 0
0


M
0
r
m
0 I
0
0

U



m







TABLE 1-- Continued

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million

Hardness u 0

"0~ ..4
Date a.C k


Mar. 8 (Ntgrtd 49 15 40 V4 58 .I 0.0 &8 %7 n 5 U U w, 0r


Mar 2w ."05 8 7 r.4 500 N. Collection P.2, ES L) Z- P- C .. 0.. ;4 44 '0 4 az04 x wMg NCH c &3 04 U Upstream side of lock
Feb. 22, 1945 0.02 47 15 58 222 38 59 1.2 632.8 179 608 7.3 55
(Integrated)

Mar. 28 (Integrated) 49 15 46 204 34 58 .1 b.303 184 576 7.1 50 Mar. 28 212 57 .8 576 .4 50

May 3 59 534

Aug. 9 21 284 Aug. 14 -- 37

Aug. 22 (Integrated) 62 11 26 192 40 39 .4 273 'Z00 492 7.2 320 Aug.22 38 5.6 Aug. 29 24 341

Sept. 4 27 325 Sept. 12 21 321 Sept. 21 6.0 109

Nov. 21 (Integrated) 44 7.6 13 140 17 26 1.0 b178 41 346 .1 120 Nov. 21 26 338 Nov. 28 1 30 4Z7
b Value rported is sum dermined constituents. ---


2
0


3 .-!




t3
r


z
0
'S
!4





TABLE I -- Continued

CALU(GSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LUCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million

--- - a -N-H
E E 0 Hardness a D ec as C aC134
e v E3IA0 .0 4
Dat e1 36 .... Ca
of toan Do I0 035 0



Jim.~~ 16 (I t g a e0 40 0. a17 2 3 1 8 1 037 1 0
Collection -) k W U C




U )a n 2 2 3 4 Q3oW g N C H ( 7 5 lo A Upstream side of lock otnd
Dec. ,9 34 492 3e0. 3 6 364 Vec. 19 (Integrated) 48 10 20 155 25 36 0.8 161 421 .2 100
-e-. 19 '-36 4 8 3e8. 26 3 498

Ja.3 9628 336 tan. 9 .30 353 an. 16 (Integrated) -40 9.9 1 137 26. 33 .7 b198 140 372. 7.2 .12 Yn16
Jan. 22 34 375 7an. 29 34 404

Feb. 5 36- 436 Feb. 12 (Integrated) 56 11 23 192 21, 38 .6184 499 901 Feb 12 ._. '._ 389 -84 Feb. 19 39 46 Feb. 26 41 514

ar. 5 43- 525 ar. 13 (Integrated) -60 A2 30 .20 32 45 .5195582 ar. 13 44__J__I 44510 ar. 19 36 389 ar. 26 36 400 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.


r





r
N



CA
0
I
0

I
U,
C

N
mu










TABLE 1 -- Continued


CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.


Chemical analyses, in parts per million



Uptras -o oc--cnine


1945~~~0 toor i,14
Hardness 0
w 0v ea 51 as CaC30 1642 7
0 .0fn a .4 Date C w P nN NraCa




Ar. 31 196 3430


For peauide 2,o lc coted 1945 to Apr. 10, 1946
Maximum, 62 15 1 58 222 40 59 1.2 b328 200 608 7.5 320 Minimum -0 7.-6 13 137 17 6.0 .1 9178 140 1~ 6v T 77 = Average 51 11.4 30 184 29 36 .7 b256 174 426 7.3 110

Mar. 31, 1953 39 9.7 28 131 39 35 1.0 b216 137 30 376 7.6 30









b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.


0






z



o
M
-n

C
r



%4





-4





TABLE 1 -- Continued
CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million

E Hardness 0
Date .0 on W .aC0
0 a 0 Downstream side ol loc - 41 {al Collectios__ ies
of In go. 0 ~ 0~ 4a~lL5 ,

Aug. 9, 1945 22 334 Aug. 14 25 351
_____ - ___2__34 497
be -O 6- -0

Aug. Z9 22 33


-Sept 4 24 318 Sept. 12 23 363 Sept. 21 7.0 124

NOV. 21 28 353 Nov. 28 42 477

Dec. 5 34 493 Dec. 12 30 381
Dec. 19 36 466 Dec. 26 40 1

Jan. 3, 1946 42 395 Jan. 9 30 350 Jan. 16 32 392 Ian. 22 34 424 Tan. 29 34 424










TABLE 1-- Continued

CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million

44 Hardness
ba 9 0 ... ) as CaCO3 o 0- .. &

Collection c O 0 c,. u cM CH) Diownstreamsdeo lock (all bottom samples)
Feb. 5, 1946 34 448 Feb.12 37 484 Feb. 19 39 501 Feb. 26 40 520
MQar. 5 ___ - - ___ - 42 - - 537~
Mar. 13 44 534 Mar. 19 36 385 Mar. 26 36 394


Apr. 2 37 409 Apr. 10 37 415

Mar. 31, 1953 40 9.3 28 133 39 35 .9 b217 138 29 375 7.6 35

For period Aug. 9,
1945 to Apr. 10, 1946
Maximum 44 537 Minimum 7.0 124 Average 33 416


z
"11
0


-I
5
z
C,

C,
C
I

z

0




TABLE 2


CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.
Chemical analyses, in parts per million


DaeHardness Q

of k 0 O
U 0- W-* ~ i~ 0 ~ *
4..S ... oi A uO , Q o_ u ~

Collection Ia>t U2 .- ..; 12 Z.UfZ acM C~~ AT LABELLE
May 8, 1945 a 1/2 C 50
Aug. 9 24 388 Nov. 27 34 561 AT DENAUD
May 8, 1945 c 50
A g. 9 28 388 Nov. 27 38 562
M:r. 31, 1953 40 9.3 30 136 41 35 0.9 b223 13 27 378 7.6 45 AT .ALVA
May 8, 1945 c 4,500
Aug. 9 33 400
Nov. 27 52 591
Mar. 31, 1953 41 9.2 30 137 40 36 .9 b224 140 28 384 7.6 50
AT OLGA
May 8, 1945 1/4 c 8,800
Aug. 9" 32 363 Nov. 27- 56 597
Mar. 31, 1953 40 V9;8 29. 135 40 36 .8 b2Z2 140 30 382 7.6 28
__ _ - - -
a Direction of flow was upstream, all other flows given are downstream.
b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.
c Approximate chloride content, in parts per million, from conductivity measurements.








TABLE 2 --Continued

CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA.


Chemical analyses, in parts per million


-.' -.,
TV R Y Hardness r
SVaVue re d sas C CO u Date E c .n pm r o
toV N o U2k t Ca &
Cd. 14 cQ-n.Collection Iz w ... c"... 0" cn, ,- 1E 4 1 1 Z cnM_ ZMg NC H % 0.U AT U.S. HWY. 41- IN FORT MYERS May 8, 1945 slight C15O000 Mar. 31, 1953 42 12 47 143 45 65 0.9 b282 154 38 496 7.8 32




















b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. c Approximate chloride content, in ppm, from conductivity measurements.





TABLE 3


MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY

Chemical analyses, in parts per million

Hardness U 0

Date 0;4.. 4 a "
of 0 0U U & 'U0
Collection U %. S U Z u 0 (a
ORANGE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS
Dec. 16, 1939 0.08 93 20 27 351 18 47 --- b378 314 684 --Feb. 3, 1944 4.2 82 14 7.1 262 13 35 0.2 b28o 262 574 7.9 37
Mar. 4 2.0 34 Apr. 6 4.2 38
May 5 3.6 84 13 16 277 14 37 .6 b301 263 662 7.6 38
June 7 4.9 35 July 4 4.9 37
Aug. 22 38 36 5.5 4.6 116 5 16 .1 b124 112 245 7.0 70
oct, 11 3.5 31 535
Nqv. 16. 3.1 31 539 Jan. 10, 1945 5.0 36 535
-.Feb. ZZ .95 33 482 Mar. 28 .38 35 456 May 3 .01 40 361
For perfoa eb. 19"4
to May 1945
Maximum 84 14 16 277 14 40 .6 D301 263 662 7.9 70 Minimum 36 5.5 4.6 116 5 16 .1n 124 112 245 7.0 37 Average 67 10.8 9.2 218 11 34 .3 )252 212 488 7.5 48
Mar. 31, 1953
(at State Hwy. 80) 42 i0 38 138 42 50 .7 p247 166 53 434 4.8 45
b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.







TABLE 3 -- Continued


MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY


Chemical analyses, in parts per million

Hardn6ss U0
ColleWtin as CCO EBILuY'S CREE
at Nuna. UAve. ;
Feb. ~~~~~~1 ,19416 28 22 30 5 41 00 43 1,24 7.
.. -...4



at uae Ave.
Feb.- 3, 194 26 28 22 33 5-4510043 1,4 773



Feb. 3, 1944 1 28 52 224 256 149 465 1,140 534 2,110 7.5 37
far. 3 -990 - Apr. 5 422 May 5 (top) 152 116 657 199 305 1,280 2,610 856 4,730 7.2 30 June 6 360___-- - -6- 690 - -
(Aug. 24 (bottom) 136 847 o. 12(botto );.,. - -___ - 480 - 2,140-Nov. 16 (bottom) 56 2-1 Jan. 12, 1945 (bottom) 2830 455 - 2,120 7 Feb. 24 (top) - 2825 3,250
*Feb. 24 (bottom) 855 3,380 Mar.Q30 --op- 650 -.-. 2.770 Mar. 30 (bottom) 1,190 4,310 May 5 (bottom) 4,850 13,800



b Values reported are sum of determined constituents.


0
z


0


0

X 11







z
0



w









TABLE 3-- Continued
MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY


Chemical analyses, in parts per million,


c ct-. .- -- u- :- -. - --- -, .z- C .E. -=
v Hardness I.s ~as CaC03 a Date v *E4 a '
of "~~ O ~ 0 0
:4 -BILLY'S CREEK (Continued)
at 1st Street
Feb. 3, 1944(top) 174 10,200 29,500 7.3 32 Feb. 3 (bottom) 164 11,800 33,600 7, 25
Mar. 3 (top) 12,100 Mar. 3 (bottom) 13,800 Apr. 5 (top) 9,810 Apr. 5 (bottom) 11,400
-May 5 (top). . 150 15,100 41,400 7.3 24 may 5 (bottom) 148 15,000 41,400 7.
'une 7 (top) 3,920 Juzte7 (bottom) 13,700

July 6 (bottom) 10,200
Aug. 24 (top) 1,540 5,430 Oct. 12 (top) M,404Z Oct. 12 (bottom) 6,050 19,000 Nov. 16 (top) 5.250 16,300 v.7O. bottomi 8,950 Z-,3-Jan. 12, 1945 (top) 3,400 11,100 Jan 12 (bottom) 10,900 31,500
I l i -n-,-,








TABLE 3--Continued


MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY


Chemical analyses, in parts per million

S .4)
w 4- Hardness o
0. asCaCO3 u -5L)


Collection -Ea L) w. Zo Q M M NCH0 BILLY'S CREEK (Continued) (b)

at Ist Street (Continued)
Feb. 24, 1945 (top) 5,930 18,100 Feb. 24 (bottom) 611,600 33,100 Mar. 30 (top) 9-6-0 23,400 Mar. 30 (bottom) 13,900 30,500 May 5 (top) 9,270 22,800 May 5 (bottom) 14,200 31,300
DITCH AT MICHIGAN AND PALI ETTO AVE.
Feb. 3, 1944 132 91 146 186 286 405 1,150 704 3,290 7.1 33 May 5 (top) 136 93 449 189 304 870 1,950 722 3,410 7.2 27
CREEK AT MICHIGAN AVE. AND CEMETERY
Feb. 3, 1944(bottom) 130 29 143 262 75 328 834 444 1,580 7.5 30 May 5 (top) 126 31 172 259 92 360 0.1 909 442 1,670 7.3 30
Mar. 3 (top) 460 Apr. 5 (top) 550 Tune 6 (top) 310 "uly 6 (top) 305
Aug. 24 (top) 330 1,640


b' Values reported are sum of determined constituents.





TABLE. 3--Continued


MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY


Chemical analyses, in parts per million

w Hardness o


Oct.12, 944 top 38 1,8a
Nov.Or 16 ( o )41 ,
D ate 2, 94 k 70 0 w 7

-ar U ( o 0 & 6 0 CREEK AT MICHIGAN AVENUE AND CEMETERY (Continued) (b) (b)
Oct. 12, 1944 (top) 385 1,830 Nov. 16 (top) 412 1,980
San. 12, 1945 (top) 570 2,480 Feb. 24 (top) 328 1,580
Mar. 30 (top) 355 S 1,660
May 5 (top) 385 1,800 A.C.L. RAILROAD DITCH AT 2ND STIEET
Feb. 3, 1944 95 51 233 166 216 420 1,100 446 1,950 7.2 112 May 4 97 58 277 132 256 502 0.0 1,260 480 2,220 7.0 75

LINE A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS
at Page Field
Feb. 3, 1944 126 104 442 164 335 865 1,950 742 3,430 7.4
Apr. 5 850
May 4 123 108 450 149 345 885 1,980 751 3,520 7.7 1
3une 6 855 3uly 8 890



b Values reported are sum of determined constituents.







TABLE 3-- Continued


MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY


Chemical analyses, in parts per million

Q ~Hardness w CI asCaCO3 t

Date iel (ont
A 1) 152 k ;4 4 M Ng 7 0
W. 10 2,74 Collection Mg NH,8
LINE A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS (Continued) -(--b) __at Page Field (Continued)
Aug. 23, 1944 152 747 7
Oct. 11 - 650 Z ,740w
Nov. 17 670 2,850
Jan. 11, 1945 860 3,450

3/4Mile So. of Page Field
Feb. 3, 1944 128 104 447 172 337 870 1,970 747 3,460 7.8 10
at U.S.G.S. control'(I/4 mi. upstream from U.S. 41TFeb. 3, 1944 105 54 232 200 171 458 1,120 484 1,990 8.2 32
Mar. 3 222 Apr. 5 462
May 4 93 38 186 a112 135 398 0.1 905 388 1,680 8.1 35
June 6 208 July 5 215
Aug. 23 40 259 Oct. 12 220 1,330Nov. 17 178 1,020 Jan. 11, 1945 450 2,040

a Includes equivalent of 5 parts per million Carbonate (C03).
b Values reported are suni of d6terinined constituents.




TABLE 3--Continued


MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY


Chemical analyses, in parts per million

Q E Hardness 0 cc ~0 asCaCOE > 0o

-o -"- -STILL LAKE NEAR FORT WYERMay 1, 1943 1 6.7 .03. 52 9.9 30 1.4 192 6.3 52 0.1 0.0 bZ53 170 7.1 22 MANUEL'S BRANCH AT MCGREGOR ILVD.
Feb. 3, 1944(bottom) 172 10,100 29,000 7.3 29 May 5 (top) 194 14,100 39,000 7.1 30 IMPERIAL RIVER NO. OF BONITA SPRINGS
Dec. 16, 1939 .29 76 4.8 11 241 1.0 25 236 209 444














b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.








TABLE 4
GROUND WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million

E Hardness .



Dalosie of 10 ellsq 00

olMertio M ar
of- t- - .- - & -.


Composite of 10 wells, Fort Myers, Fla. Approx Apr. 1, 1953 25' 3.1 147 7.1 34 367 87 55 0.7 b506 268 0 842 7.2 28





















b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.




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PAGE 1

STATE OF FLORIDA STATE BOARD OF CONSERVATION Ernest Mitts, Director FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Herman Gunter, Director INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7 INTERIM REPORT ON SURFACE WATER RESOURCES AND QUALITY OF WATERS IN LEE COUNTY FLORIDA BY WILLIAM E. KENNER and EUGENE BROWN PREPARED BY U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY IN COOPERATION WITH THE FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY AND THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FLORIDA FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT Tallahassee, Florida 1956

PAGE 2

CONTENTS Part I Surface Water Resources of Lee County, Florida ........... .................. 1 Part II Quality of Surface Waters of Lee County, F lorida ................... ........ 15 4240 Mii

PAGE 3

PART I SURFACE WATER RESOURCES OF LEE COUNTY FLORIDA By William E. Kenner U. S. Geological Survey Prepared by the U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY In cooperation with the FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY and the CENTRAL and SOUTHERN FLORIDA FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT Tallahassee, Florida 1956

PAGE 4

'II

PAGE 5

PREFACE This report was prepared in the Surface Water Branch of the U. S. Geological Survey under the direct supervision of A. 0. Patterson, District Engineer. Its preparation was made possible by the cooperation of the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, W. Turner Wallis, Secretary. Most of the basic water-resources data in this report have been collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Corps of Engineers, the City of Fort Myers, the Florida Geological Survey, and the Florida Division of Water Survey and Research. Some data were furnished by the Corps of Engineers. vii

PAGE 6

i I.,

PAGE 7

CONTENTS Page Introduction. ......................................... .1 Description of area ............................... 2 Clim ate .......................................... 2 Occurrence of surface water.................. ........ 2 Areal distribution................................. 7 Caloosahatchee River............................ 7 Orange River (Twelvemile Creek). ................ 8 .Imperial River............... .................. 8 Line-A Canal. .................................. 16 Still Lake...................................... 16 Stage stations ................................ ..16 Tim e distribution ................................. 17 Basic data requirements ............................. 17 Appendix -Descriptions of gaging stations ............ 19 TABLES Table Page 1. Runoff of Orange River ......................... 13 2. Runoff of Imperial River.................. ........ 14 3. Runoff of Line-A Canal ................................ 15 ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Page 1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing surfacewater features ............ ................ ........... 3 2. Growth in population of Fort Myers ............... 4 3. Climatological data for Fort Myers .............. 5 4. Outflow from Lake Okeechobee .................. 6 5. Hydrograph of Orange River..................... 9 6. Flow-duration curve for Orange River near Fort M yers .............. ...................... .10 7. Maximum period of deficient discharge for Orange River near Fort Myers .................. 11 8. Flow-duration curve for Imperial River near Bonita Springs ............. .................. 12 9. Average runoff of Orange River near Fort M yers ......................................... 18 ix

PAGE 8

SURFACE WATER RESOURCES of LEE COUNTY, FLORIDA By William C. Kenner INTRODUCTION The purpose of this report is to provide such information on the surface-water resources of the county as maybe useful in planning for their more intensive use. This report is not intended to provide final answers to all questions concerning the occurrence of surface water in the county, because of the paucity of information on the various streams in the area. However, as an initial step it should prove valuable in the formulation of plans for the future. To the author's knowledge, no similar report has been published, although much of the basic data used in this one have been released in publications of the U. S. Geological Survey and the U. S. Weather Bureau. This report is intended to give the best answers -that are presently available -to the following questions: 1. Where within Lee County are surface supplies of water located? 2. What are the variations in this supply? 3. What canbe done to provide better answers to questions 1 and 2 than are available at the present time?

PAGE 9

2 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DESCRIPTION OF AREA Lee County is on the west coast of peninsular Florida opposite the southern edge of Lake Okeechobee (see Fig. 1). It has a land area of 786 square miles, 35 percent of which is in farms. Tourist trade, agriculture, and commercial fishing are the main sources of income. Fort Myers, on the Caloosahatchee River and 13 miles from the Gulf of Mexico, is the principal city and the county seat. Its 1950 population was 13,195. Total population of the county was 23,404. The growth in population of Fort Myers since 1890 is shown in Figure 2. CLIMATE The average temperature at Fort Myers is 73.4 degrees. January is usually the coolest month, with an average of 63.8 degrees, and August the warmest with an average of 81.5 degrees. Frost rarely occurs here. The average yearly rainfall is 52.39 inches. Figure 3 shows the variations in temperature and rainfall. The subtropical climate of the area makes possible the growing of citrus fruits, tropical fruits, such as mangoes, papayas, and others, as well as truck and staple crops. OCCURRENCE OF SURFACE WATER The surface-water supplies in Lee County obtain from water falling as rain on its land surface and flowing into the lakes and streams; from surface streams bringing water into the county; and from water entering the county through underground formations and making its way to the surface. Of course, not all of the water entering the county is available for use since evaporation, transpiration, and seepage into the ground take a heavy toll. There are two essential factors to be considered in a study of the surface water of an area. One is the areal distribution. In other words, at what geographic locations within the area are the supplies located? The second is the time distribution of the supplies, or, what is the day by day, month by month, or year by year variation in the amount of water occurring at the various locations?

PAGE 10

*CARLOTT COUNT w, .0 F #a N v rm Sz F r O Figure 1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing surface water features.

PAGE 11

12 z 10 0 0 Sw i. *0 in o m ....ii.it.. ..... 0 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 Figure 2. Growth and population of Fort Myers.

PAGE 12

5 1 1 1 1 125 " ' I I 33-YEAR RECORD I 33-YEAR RECORD MAXIMUM MAXIMUM I I I I I I I I I I .READIN z 100 S 15 -75 A RE DINM AM I A .. .. ...... .... 0 , 50 .... *I ,F6 ."11 . ,eAVERAGE 4 0 20 sell WE· I .·. ... I n Q I Figure 3. Climatological data for Fort Myers. c ·I·· ···················· Z ··.·······················C ·······················

PAGE 13

Goo ! T t Total of St. Lucie Canal, West Palm Beoch Canal, North New River Canol. Hillsboro Canal, and Coloosahatchee Canaol 500 400-7 -r O < 300 z Q Galoosahatches Caog1 m a0 o I = 2000 Figure 4. Outflow from1 Lake Okeechobee. I-l -00 JFMMJJASONDJFMAMJJAS A SOND.JFMAMJJASNM 0A JMAMJASNDJFMAMJJAS0NDMAMJJASONDJFMAN.JJAS0NDJFdAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASONO 1941 194! 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 Figure 4. Outflow from Lake Okeechobee.

PAGE 14

INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-1 7 AREAL DISTRIBUTION The largest single source of surface water in Lee County is the Caloosahatchee River. It carries the water discharged into it from Lake Okeechobee through the locks at Moore Haven as well as the runoff from some 1500 square miles of land area between the Lake and the Gulf. The runoff from about 35 percent of the land area of Lee County moves to the Gulf via this stream. The principal tributaries to the Caloosahatchee River, as well as other streams in the county, and a general picture of the drainage pattern are shown on Figure 1. CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER For many years the Caloosahatchee River has been canalized at its upstream end and connected with Lake Okeechobee, and has served as one of two principal outlets from the Lake. The 15-mile portion of this stream between Lake Okeechobee and Ortona Lock is called Caloosahatchee Canal and the portion from Ortona Lock to the Gulf is called Caloosahatchee River. In October 1948, gages were installed on the Caloosahatchee River at Alva and Olga and daily stage records were obtained until their discontinuance in December 1950. The datum of eachof these gages was at mean sea level, datum of 1929. The flow was measured at Alva on October 1, 1948, and was 12,600 cubic feet per second. This extremely high flow came as a result of heavy rains accompanying a hurricane. Information from local residents indicates that the highest stages known occurred in 1924, reaching 13.3 feet at Alva and 8.2 feet at Olga. Records of the Corps of Engineers show the minimum stages known to have been 1.88 feet below sea level atAlva and 2.68 feet below sealevelat Olga. These occurred on October 18, 1944. Because in some years considerable water is released from Lake Okeechobee to flow down the Caloosahatchee Canal, ahydrograph showing the flow through the locks at Moore Haven for the years 1941 to 1950 has been included (Fig. 4). Not included in the values shown is the leakage and lockage, which amounts to about 10 cubic feet per second. To indicate the total amount of water that may be available at Moore Haven, a hydrograph of the total flow out of Lake Okeechobee through all its outlets during the years 1941 to 1950 is also shown in Figure 4.

PAGE 15

I FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ORANGE RIVER (TWELVEMILE CREEK) Orange River is one of the larger tributaries to the Caloosahatchee River. It flows into the Caloosahatchee River from the south about 8 miles upstream from Fort Myers. Its drainage area is 83.4 square miles. From November 1935 to October 1946, records of its stage and discharge were obtained by the U. S. Geological Survey. The datum of the gage was 1.71 feet above mean sea level, datum of 1929. During this period the maximum discharge was 5,300 cubic feet per second, with a corresponding gage height of 13.40 feet, on June 15, 1936. At times flow in this stream ceases. In April 1939 the stage fell below 0.02 foot. As an example of the distribution of flow throughout the year, Figure 5 shows a hydrograph for 1937, a year during which the mean runoff equaled the average for the 10-year period. The monthly and annual runoff for Orange River is listed in Table 1. It is of note that the average yearly runoff for this basin is 7.83 inches per year, or slightly less than 15 percent of the rain that falls. A flow duration curve is shown on Figure 6. This curve shows how much of the time during the period of record (1935-46) various flows were equaled or exceeded. For example, the flow was at or higher than the rate of 9 cubic feet per second for 40 percent of the time. This curve represents the behavior of this stream in the past and, barring significant changes in the drainage basin or climatic pattern, can reasonably be expected to represent the future behavior. The curve shown on Figure 7 is a very useful tool in the analysis of stream flow and shows the maximum period of deficient discharge of Orange River for the period of record, 1935-46. It shows that the flow of Orange River at the gaging site near Fort Myers was less than 3 cubic feet per second (1 cfs = 0.646 mgd) for as long as 6½ consecutive months. IMPERIAL RIVER The Imperial River flows westward near the south boundary of the county to empty into the south end of Estero Bay and thence into the Gulf near the town of Bonita Springs. Since May 1940 the Geological Survey has operated a gaging station on the Imperial River about l1 miles east of Bonita Springs. The datum of this gage is at mean sea level, datum of 1929.

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I z _________________________ _____ -I rS Seoc 0 £ Z i °----T * -~|---I I Ir i\ I ao a 1 .I January February March April May June July August September October November December 1937 Figure 5. Hydrograph of Orange River. 2 -*

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1,000 _ O spoo 1,000 1,000 , 500 z 200 If----------0 S I•o 5O0 a L o0.5 ----I-0.2 o OF TIME DISCHARGE EQUALLED OR EXCEEDED THAT SHOWN Figure 6. Flow-duration curve for Orane River near Fort Myers 1935-46. * 2 --------A ------------C 0.5 0. ,_ __ ___ __ 0. i -_ __ --_ ----___---___--0.01 0.I 0.2 0.5 I 2 5 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 s80 90 95 9s8 99 99.5 99.899s.9 99.ss99 PERCENT OF TIME DISCHARGE EQUALLED OR EXCEEDED THAT SHOWN Figure 6. Flow-duration curve for Orange River near Fort Myers, 1935-46.

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INFORMATION. CIRCULAR NO. 7-I 11 1,000 500 200 100 .50 Ia: 1 2I0 2050 -10 c/ Io Figure 7. Maximum period of deficient discharge for Orange River near Fort Myers----193 * 2 , __ . L 5 4 ._------_ ___ o .2 -"__ _ __ .. .05 ___" .0 2 ---------------------'. -------------_ _ _ _ .01 -----I ---------___________ S2 5 10 20 50 , 1Oo CONSECUTIVE MONTHS Figure 7. Maximum period of deficient discha rge for Orange River near Fort Myers, 1935.46.

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1000 -~-T-ý T.oz* -----= --T T-I ~-~~~---I° ~ -------_ ---" ----------T-· --~~IT w Oo 50 ;~~~-10= = = : = = ^ = = ^--= ---= = = = = = o a000 IIw 5 0 .5 "S z _________ ___ ___ __________ S 0.1 r 10. 0.2 ------------------.-----------as -----0.01 o0. 0.2 0.5 I 2 5 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 98 99 99.5 99.899.9 99.99 PERCENT OF TIME DISCHARGE EQUALLED OR EXCEEDED THAT SHOWN Figure 8. Flow-duration curve for Imperial River near Bonita Springs, 1940-52.

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TABLE 1 RUNOFF OF ORANGE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS Monthly and annual runoff, in inches o Year Jan Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual 1935 0.0007 1936 0.05 0.59 0.08 0.0005 0.0003 10.26 2.50 0.54 0.40 0.69 0.03 0.0006 15.14 Z 1937 .0003 .0004 .02. .18 .26 .85 2.01 2.73, 1.35 .33 .08 .01 7.82 0 1938 0.006 .0003 .0001 .00001 0 .49 2.24 .82 .25 .35 .02 .0003 4.18 X 1939 .0003 .0002 .0001 .24 .08 3.24 2.40 3.85 2.30 .25 .05 .01 12.42 c 1940 .15 .40 .16 .13 .00007 .04 .52 1.68 4.27 .11 .0007 .002 7.46 > 1941 .12 .59 .35 1.29 .06 .46 3.21 .65 2.12 .20 .04 .005 9.09 a 1942 .13 .03 .08 .40 .03 .42 .33 .22 1.26 .07 .008 .006 2.98 z 1943 .005 .002 .008 .01 .08 1.59 3.46 .69 .98 .95 .11 .05 7.93 1944 .06 .04 .04 .05 .09 .13 .54 1.47 .19 .27 .04 .04 2.96 1945 .04 .02 .008 .002 .009 .85 4.13 1.20 .99 .84 .16 .03 8.28 1946 .02 .01 .02 .01 .03 .10 .38 1.86 .81 Mean .05 .15 .07 .21 .06 1.68 1.97 1.43 1.36 .41 .05 .01 7.83 Max. .15 .59 .35 1.29 .26 10.26 4.13 3.85 4.27 .95 .16 .05 15.14 Min. .0003 .0002 .0001 .00001 .00007 .04 .33 .22 .19 .07 .0007 .0003 2.96 -_ __ -___ _ -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ --_ _ _ _ _ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

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TABLE 2 RUNOFF OF IMPERIAL RIVER NEAR BONITA SPRINGS Monthly and annual runoff, in thousands of acre-feet Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual 1940 0.39 2.64 6.36 55.23 6.59 0.68 0.21 1941 5.31 7.81 3.08 12.29 3.40 3.54 21.05 14.64 12.06 6.61 1.86 .48 92.13 1942 4.43 .48 1.54 .21 .11 7.63 10.09 1.28 10.66 1.00 .10 .09 37.62 0 1943 .09 .07 .07 .07 .07 5.57 19.39 14.81 9.10 4.43 .20 .12 53.99 1944 .09 .08 .07 .07 .07 .13 .11 7.22 6.37 5.79 .90 .13 21.03 1945 .11 .06 .06 .05 .05 .10 17.63 24.82 19.80 7.66 1.19 .14 71.68 1946 .11 .07 .07 .05 .06 .47 5.56 12.09 12.29 7.95 10.49 1.37 50.58 m 1947 .17 .10 2.82 .66 .15 19.71 16.83 24.73 60.75 24.97 6.73 4.55 162.2 0 1948 2.36 1.36 .13 .09 .07 .08 6.00 7.67 21.79 23.03 1.26 .15 63.99 0 1949 .10 .04 .05 .04 .08 7.87 10.51 15.08 12.91 24.13 3.77 .25 74.84 F 1.950 .10 .07 .86 .07 .04 .05 7.76 2.34 11.37 .43 .13 .11 22.53 f 1951 .08 .06 .06 .05 .05 .04 7.82 14.50 6.93 49.72 2.62 .19 82.12 C 1952 .08 .09 .10 .06 .06 .14 6.41 7.26 10.33 Mean 1.09 .86 .68 1.14 .35 3.52 10.14 11.75 19.20 13.53 2.49 .65 66.61 < Max. 5.31 7.81 3.08 12.29 3.40 19.71 21.05 24.82 60.75 49.72 10.49 4.55 162.2 Min. .08 .06 .05 .04 .04 .04 .11 1.28 6.37 1.00 .10 .09 21.03

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"n ;0 O z Monthly and annual runoff, in thousands of acre-feet o Year Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual 1944 20 15 32 82 71 5,560 2,180 3,330 468 29 1945 49 12 2.6 0 0 4,360 14,900 6,210 6,290 1,430 189 15 33,460 -----m-

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16 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY During the time from May 1940 to December 1951 the maximum discharge observed was 2,890 cubic feet per second on September 12, 1940. The water elevation at the time was 12.45 feet above mean sea level; however, during the flood of June 15, 1936, a stage of 13.4 feet was reached, as evidenced by floodmarks. Low flows are not uncommon; however, the only time during the period mentioned above when there was no flow was from June 28 to July 3, 1940. A table of runoff in thousands of acre feet (Table 2) and a flow-duration curve (Fig. 8) have been included. LINE-A CANAL This canal runs south from Fort Myers to Mulock Creek, a distance of some 10 miles, and intercepts the flow out of Six Mile Cypress Slough on the east. A gaging station was operated on the canal from June 1942 to July 1948. Only stage information was collected except from February 1944 to December 1946, when flow data were also obtained. The datum of the gage was at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). During the period covered by discharge records the maximum flow was 567 cubic feet per second, on September 19, 1947. Extended periods of zero flow were recorded. A minimum gage height, on June 16, 1945, was 2.14 feet. Listed in Table 3 is the runoff in thousands of acre feet for Line-A Canal. STILL LAKE Still Lake, 15 miles east of Fort Myers, is a circular, water-filled, sinkhole 600 feet in diameter and 208 feet deep. It was investigated in May 1943 by the U.S. Geological Survey and determinations of water temperature, stage, and depth at various locations-were made. STAGE STATIONS In addition to the records already discussed, records of stage have been collected on the Estero River at Estero, Mulock Creek near Estero, and Billy's Creek at Fort Myers. For station descriptions of all stations that have been operated in Lee County by the U.S. Geological Survey, see the appendix

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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-1 17 TIME DISTRIBUTION It is frequently as important to have information concerning the time distribution of the flow of streams as it is to know where the water is to be found. Even though the total yearly runoff for two particular streams may have been equal or nearly equal, the time at which various amounts of runoff occurred do not necessarily coincide. The most important factor in producing the pattern of runoff is the seasonal distribution of the rainfall. In Florida the streamflow pattern follows the seasonal changes in rainfall more closely than in areas where snow is a factor. Figure 9 shows the seasonal variations in the average runoff of Orange River. The correlation may be noted by comparison with the variation in rainfall shown in Figure 3. BASIC DATA REQUIREMENTS In view of the rapid economic growth of Lee County, it is evident that more information on surface water resources is needed. The value of the records collected thus far would be increased by their continuance and by the operation of a program on a broader scope. Essential to such a program would be the operation of additional index gaging stations on several of the larger streams and the periodic determination of the flow of the smaller streams. Periodic observations as well as the collection of daily stage and discharge data would contribute materially to knowledge of the hydrology of the county and at the same time provide information of economic value.

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S I IIYEAR RECORD 2 w z o LL C 0 1r UCA *~~-------$. ** .* J F M A M J J A S 0 N D Fig. 9. Average runoff of Orange River near Fort Myers.

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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO.7-I 19 IMPERIAL RIVER NEAR BONITA SPRINGS Location--Lat. 26*20', Long. 81*45', in Sec. 36, T. 47 S. R. 25 E., 1 1/2 miles east of Bonita Springs. Records Available--May 1940 to December 1951, daily stage and discharge (continuing). Gage--Water-stage recorder and wooden control. Datum of gage is at mean sea level, datum of 1929. Prior to Sept. 10, 1941, staff gage at same site and datum read once or twice daily. Extremes--Maximum discharge observed, 2,890 cfs Sept. 12, 1940 (gage height, 12.45 ft.); no flow June 28 to July 3, 1940. Flood of June 15, 1936, reached a stage of 13.4 ft., from floodmark. MULOCK CREEK NEAR ESTERO Location--Lat. 26°28'. Long. 81° 50', in Sec. 18, T. 46 S., R. 25 E., 30 ft. upstream from U. S. Highway 41, 3 miles northwest of Estero. Records Available--June 1942 to July 1948, daily stage (discontinued). Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). Extremes--June 1942 to July 1948: Maximum gage height, 6.98 ft. Sept. 18, 1947; minimum observed, -0.22 ft. Feb. 15, Mar. 8, 1943. Flood of June 1936 reached a stage of about 9.0 ft., from information by local residents. Remarks--Local residents state there is always some flow in stream. Stage affected by tide at low and medium flows.

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20 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ESTERO RIVER AT ESTERO Location--Lat. 26*31', Long. 81°51', in Sec. 34, T. 46 S., R. 25 E., 230 ft. upstream from highway bridge, 0.8 mile east of Estero. Records Available--June 1942 to July 1946, daily stage (discontinued). Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). Extremes--June 1942 to July 1946: Maximum gage height, 8.01 ft. Oct. 18, 1944; minimum observed, -0.88 ft. Dec. 14, 15, 1942. Flood of June 1936 reached a stage of about 14.0 ft., from floodmark. CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER AT ALVA Location--Lat. 26°43', Long. 81°36', in Sec. 27, T. 43 S., R. 27 E., 110 ft. downstream from highway bridge at Alva, 12.8 miles downstream from State Highway 29 at La Belle. Records Available--October 1948 to December 1950, daily stage, occasional discharge (discontinued). Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea level, datum of 1929. Extremes--October 1948 to December 1950: Maximum gage height, 6.71 ft. Sept. 30, 1949; minimum -1.68 Dec. 24, 1949. A stage of 13.3 ft. was reached in 1924, from information by local resident. A stage of -1.88 ft. occurred on Oct. 18, 1944, from records of Corps of Engineers. A discharge of 12,600 cfs was measured Oct. 1, 1948. Remarks--Stage affected by tide. Regulation by Ortona Lock, 22 miles upstream from station, and by lock at Moore Haven.

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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-I 21 LINE-A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS Location--Lat. 26 31', Long. 81 51', inSec. 6, T. 46 S., R. 25 E., 1/4 mile upstream from U. S. Highway 41, 9 miles south of Fort Myers. Records Available-June 1942 to February 1944, daily stage; February 1944 to December 1946, daily stage and discharge; January 1947 to July 1948, daily stage (discontinued). Gage--Water-stage recorder and concrete control. Datum of gage is at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). Concrete control completed Feb. 5, 1944. Extremes--Maximum discharge, 567 cfs Sept. 19, 1947 (gage height, 9.71 ft.); no flow at times; minimum gage height, 2.14 ft. June 16, 1945. ORANGE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS (Previously published as Twelvemile Creek near Fort Myers) Location--Lat. 26 40', Long. 81 43', in Sec. 9, T. 44 S.,R. 26 E., 1 1/2 miles southeast of Buckingham and 8 miles northeast of Fort Myers. Drainage Area--83.4 square miles. Records Available--November 1935 to October 1946, daily stage and discharge (discontinued). Gage--Staff gage read once or twice daily. Datum of gage is 1.71 ft. above mean sea level, datum of 1929. Extremes--Maximum discharge, 5,300 cfs June 15, 1936 (gage height, 13.40 ft., from floodmarks), from rating curve extended above 2,800 cfs; no flow at times; minimum gage height, less than 0.02 ft. Apr. 18-22, 1939.

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22 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BILLY'S CREEK AT FORT MYERS Location--Lat. 26 *39', Long. 81 51', in Sec. 13, T. 44 S., R. 24 E., at First Street bridge in Fort Myers. Records Available--February 1944 to December 1951, daily stage (continuing). Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea level, datum of 1929. Extremes--February 1944 to December 1951: Maximum gage height, 4.8 ft. Oct. 8, 1946, from floodmark; minimum, -1.77 ft. Oct. 18, 1944. Flood in 1936 reached a stage of 4.5 ft. A low tide of -3.8 ft. occurred during a hurricane in 1935. Remarks--Stage affected by tide with an average range of about 0.7 ft. CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER AT OLGA, NEAR FORT MYERS Location--Lat. 26°43', Long. 81 43', in Sec. 21, T. 43 S., R. 26 E., 120 ft. downstream from State Highway 31, 0.45 mile north of Olga, and 6.5 miles downstream from Alva. Records Available--October 1948 to December 1950, daily stage, occasional discharge (discontinued). Gage--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is at mean sea level (levels by Corps of Engineers). Extremes--October 1948 to December 1950: Maximum gage height, 4.60 Sept. 29, 1948; minimum -1.58 Dec. 24, 1949. A stage of 8.2 ft. was reached in 1924, from information by local resident. A stage of -2.68 ft..,occurred on Oct. 18, 1944, from records of. Corpsof Engineers. Remarks--Stage affected by tide. Regulationby Ortona Lock, 28 miles upstream from station, and by Moore Haven Lock.

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PART H QUALITY OF SURFACE WATERS OF LEE COUNTY FLORIDA By Eugene Brown U. S. Geological Survey Prepared by the U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY In cooperation with the FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY and the CENTRAL and SOUTHERN FLORIDA FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT Tallahassee, Florida 1956

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i-. I

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CONTENTS Page Introduction...........................................27 Purpose and scope ................................ 28 Acknowledgments ................................. 28 Previous investigations ............................ 28 Quality of surface waters ................... ........ .29 Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven................ 29 Caloosahatchee Canal at Ortona Lock ............... 33 Caloosahatchee River ............................. 34 Orange River ..................................... 34 Miscellaneous surface supplies ..................... 34 Conclusions......................................... .35 APPENDIX Table Page 1. Chemical analyses, Caloosahatchee Canal ........ 38 2. Chemical analyses, Caloosahatchee River ........ 60 3. Chemical analyses of miscellaneous surface w aters .................................. ...... 62 4. Chemical analyses of ground waters .............. 69 ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Page 1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing type and location of sampling stations ................. 30 2. Average monthly chloride concentration and flow of Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven, Florida, 1941................................... 31 3. Annual mean discharge of Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven, Florida ........................ 32

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QUALITY OF SURFACE WATERS of LEE COUNTY, FLORIDA By Eugene Brown INTRODUCTION GENERAL The history of the development of public water supplies in Lee County parallels that of many other coastal areas in southern Florida. In the early years, when the population was small, an ample supply of ground water was easily available from the artesian formations located at various depths between 100 and 1,200 feet below the land surface. Prior to 1935 the City of Fort Myers obtained its water supply from deep artesian wells penetrating the Hawthorn and Ocala formations. The water produced by these wells had a hardness of about 850 ppm, with high chloride, sulfate, hydrogen sulfide, and dissolved solids. With a steady growth in population came a demand for more and better water. This demand has been caused not only by a rapidly increasing population, but also by greatly expanded industrial and agricultural enterprises. The tropical location of FortMyers and Lee County is well suited for the growth of winter produce and citrus; many acres of gladioli have been planted within recent years. Also during the past few years the cattle industry has become of ever-increasing importance to this area and will contribute greatly to the future growth and development of the county. Faced with the sometimes divergent requirements of the various interests concerned with the consumption, disposal, and regulation of water within the county, interested individuals, in cooperation with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, organized the Lee County Water Resources and Conservation Committee. Members of this committee met in January 1953 and discussed at some length the CQunty-wide problems of water supply and conservation, as well as certain local problems of special interest. It was the

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28 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY conclusion of this committee that a report be prepared presenting all available data relating to the hydrology of Lee County and also setting forth deficiencies in hydrologic data and recommendations for remedial action. The following material has been assembled to assist in the preparation of its county-wide report. PURPOSE AND SCOPE This report does not attempt to do more than present very briefly the results of previous investigations of the chemical quality of surface waters in, or contributory to those of, Lee County, Florida. The quality of ground water is referred to only with respect to the possible contamination of surface waters by highly mineralized water from artesian aquifers. On the basis of the analytical data presented, together with a limited discussion of the various surface water supplies included, certain recommendations are made which are believed necessary for an accurate appraisal of the hydrologic conditions in Lee County. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report was prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, W. Turner Wallis, Secretary. It was prepared under the general supervision of S.K. Love, chief of the Quality of Water Branch, Washington, D.C. and the direct supervision of Eugene Brown, district chemist, Ocala, Florida. The analytical data presented have been collected over a period of years by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, the cities of Fort Myers, Miami, Miami Beach, and Dade County. PREVIOUS INVESTIGATIONS In order to obtain information about the chemical quality of surface waters in and near Fort Myers, this city entered into a cooperative study with the U.S. Geological Survey in

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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-II 29 early 1944. This study provided for the collection and laboratory examination of a series of water samples collected at selected points in and near the city of Fort Myers, as well as from most of the more important surface water supplies available to the county. Accordingly, from 1944 to 1946 samples were collected from the Caloosahatchee River, Orange River (Twelvemile Creek) , Line-A Canal, Billy's Creek, Manuel's Branch, and other small creeks and drainage ditches. The results of chemical examination are given in tabular form in the appendix. Also included in these tables are results of chemical analyses of daily samples from the Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven, and of other surface water supplies pertinent to this study. The location and type of sampling stations are shown in Figure 1. Since there are no known published analyses of surface waters in Lee County, the following discussion of surface water quality is based entirely on the analytical data included in the appendix. QUALITY OF SURFACE WATERS CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN The Caloosahatchee Canal is generally considered to be the canalized portion of the Caloosahatchee River system from Lake Okeechobee to Ortona Lock, while the portion from the latter point to the Gulf is known as the Caloosahatchee River. Daily samples were taken from the Caloosahatchee Canal at Moore Haven from February 1941 to March 1942 and analyzed for alkalinity, specific conductance, and chloride. These daily samples were then composited at 10-day intervals for comprehensive chemical analysis. The results of these analyses are given in Table 1, appendix. The minimum chloride value of 7.0ppm was observed on Sept. 13, 1941 and the maximum of 53 ppm on Apr. 2, 1941. The average chloride concentration during this period was 30 ppm and the average hardness was 113 ppm. The analytical data obtained during this period indicate a water entirely

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GLADEO OSrta MOORE HAVEN COUNTY loc lock g CHARLOTTE COUNTY LEE COUNTY n d IMENORY COUNTY L e CHARLOTTE v r oBel Hicpoch e SHARBOR O 0 9,4 Alva oft oz I N SFORT MYERS r 0 °A Still ) SLake ---m Punta 0 Ra o COLLIER COUNTY I o 0 Ir.Estero ' Immokolee 19 Bnita Spg .LDaily Sampling Station I m m APeriodic Sampling Station | Figure 1. Map of Lee County, Florida, showing type and location of sampling stations.

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200 Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Ar. Ma Juner July Aug .Sent. a t. No.D0C.100 180 \________ __ __ 90 160 / _____________ 80 140 70 o0 lh1o _____ __ __-----------__-_ _______-------_----1 ----_70_ 120 60 _ S: 100 -----------^ _ -.^^----50 | R 80 ko ' co / " 0 20 o 40 100___ 50 to 20 10 Haven, Florida, 1941.

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1.0-------------------^--1~ko---,--------------/-------^1.200-----------------I' tI Iio 1/ \ r 10-------------------------------wo g C F 19ueo I a m 1 i r If I 195 39b6 M1948 T 9i9 Figur ..A ul mean ischarge of Caloosahatchee Canal at oor-e Haven, Florida.1 11 Figure3..Annual mean discharge of, Caloosahatchee -Canal at Moor-e Haven, Florida.

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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-11 33 suitable for agricultural use, but requiring color removalfor domestic and most industrial purposes. The annual variation in chemical quality is illustrated in Figure 2, which shows the average monthly chloride concentrations for the year 1941, as well as the streamflow in acre feet for the same period. Since the flow through the canal is regulated by the lock and dam structures at Moore Haven the quality of water discharged into the canal bears little relation to the flow. The rather uniform quality shown results from the "smoothing" effect of the large reservoir storage afforded by Lake Okeechobee. The chloride concentration is shown to be somewhat lower during the period June to October, as a result.of dilution caused by heavy rainfall at this time of the year. Although Figure 2 presents a fairly good picture of the monthly variation in chloride content for a givenyear, it does not show how the concentration of this constituent may vary from year to year. It may be seen from Figure 3 that the year in which the analyses were made was one of high discharge through the canal. To the extent that this high discharge indicates a relatively "wet" year among those shown, an estimate maybe made of the possible variation in chemical quality from year to year. CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK During the period February 1945 to April 1946 samples were taken from both upstream and downstream sides of the lock and analyzed for specific conductance and chloride. In addition periodic samples were taken for more complete chemical analysis. The results are given in Table 1 of the appendix. The chloride concentrations at both sides of the lock indicate that the water was not contaminated with sea water at the time the samples were collected. It is impossible to compare the quality of water at Ortona Lockwith that at Moore Haven on the basis of available data, since samples were not taken from the two locations during the same year. It is significant, however, to note that although the samples at Ortona Lock were taken during a relatively "dry" year, water of acceptable quality was observed. The average hardness at this location for the period February 1945 to April 1946 was 174 ppm and the average chloride was 36 ppm.

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34 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER As previously stated, the Caloosahatchee River proper is considered that portion of the river system between the Ortona Lock and the Gulf. The Caloosahatchee River is tidal at least as far inland as the Hendry County line and, as a result, contains varying amounts of salt water from the Gulf of Mexico, depending on the discharge of the river, tide stage and other climatic conditions, and the distance from the Gulf. There was, therefore, little incentive to conduct exhaustive chemical quality studies west of Ortona Lock, but rather to confine the study to periodic sampling at various points between the lock and Fort Myers. As would be expected, low chloride values were obtained during periods of high discharge through the Caloosahatchee Canal and high values during periods of low discharge. Table 2 in the appendix includes results of analyses of periodic samples collected at various points between Ortona Lock and the Gulf. ORANGE RIVER Orange River,or Twelve Mile Creek, as it is sometimes called, is the most important tributary to the Caloosahatchee River. The partial analyses of samples from Orange River, given in Table 3, indicate that this water is rather hard but would in all probability be quite suitable for public supply purposes if softened. Contamination by salt water was not indicated by any of the samples analyzed. The period of sampling was not sufficiently long to indicate how the composition of the water would change during the year or from year to year, however, it is observed that considerable variation does occur depending on streamflow. MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE SUPPLIES Also included in Table 3 are results of analyses of samples taken from Billy's Creek, Line-A Canal, and other small creeks and ditches in Fort Myers;the analyses were made in order to determine the extent of contamination of surface waters by sea water and ground water. In most instances both top and bottom samples were taken to indicate the maximum chloride concentration present.

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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-11 35 Wells in the Fort Myers area penetrating the artesian aquifers generally yield water containing in excess of 1,000 ppm chloride, while those withdrawing from the shallow unconfined aquifers usually yield water containing less than 50 ppm of chloride. The hardness of water from these shallow wells, generally less than 50 feet deep, approximates 300 ppm, and the iron content is apt to be quite high, as much as 3 ppm. A typical analysis of water from shallow wells in the Fort Myers area is given in Table 4 of the appendix. In general, the chloride content of water from the non-artesian aquifers differs very little from that of most uncontaminated surface waters found in the area. The occurrence of chloride contamination is readily apparent from an examination of the analyses for the miscellaneous surface water sources tabulated in Table 3. The large chloride concentrations found in samples collected near the Gulf and the Caloosahatchee River result most likely from sea-water penetration during high tides as well as from wind-blown spray. Sources more remote, such as Line-A Canal, probably owe their relatively high chloride values to drainage of areas irrigated by water from wells penetrating the deeper artesian aquifers. It is quite probable that the unconfined ground water in areas adjacent to these drainage canals may become contaminated by seepage from the canals during low ground-water levels. CONCLUSIONS Chemical examination of various surface water supplies in Lee County indicates the availability of water of sufficiently good quality to satisfy the requirements of agricultural, industrial, and domestic use after suitable treatment. The type and duration of sampling upon which this report is based was too limited to evaluate the supplies examined for any longer period than that actually included within the sampling period. Such an evaluation would require the initiation of a water analysis program in Lee County. The number, type and location of sampling stations should be selected after a proper evaluation of the water requirements of the county, and should be maintained for as long a period of time as necessary to reflect the changes in water quality from year to year.

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: · i i` L ' t

PAGE 44

INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 7-II 37 APPENDIX TABLES OF CHEMICAL ANALYSES

PAGE 45

TABLE 1 CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Feb. 12, Mar. 4-20. 1941 a Hardness L° s CaCO3 uS-W Date k 0 1 k L; ar Collection to N IQ u O NCAHi. a . Feb. 12, 1941 3,990 30 6.3 13 76 16 35 101 140 r 0 Mar. 4, 1941 4,030 112 33 321 Mar. 5 3,980 a133 30 337 Mar. 6 3,860 116 33 336 0 Mar. 7 3,680 __119 -34 336 m Mar. 8 3,780 , 121 33 341 r Mar. 9 4,110 116 i' 31 326 0 Mar. 10 3,930 _ 112 33 342 Mar. 4-10, Composite 3,910 36 9.0 19 118 26 31 0.6 180 127 335 90 Mar. 11 3,710 9.5 40 11 23 130 34 37 .5 256 145 375 95 Mar. 12 4,040 7.5 39 11 16 120 29 35 .3 245 143 340 90 X Mar. 13 3,720 14 38 10 14114 26 32 .3 240 136 327 95 < Mar. 14 4,000 16 39 11 20 128 27 37 .3 255 143 349 80 Mar. 15 3,120 17 38 9.4 17 114 30 32 .3 235 13T 1495 Mar. 16 3,980 16 37 11 16 116 33 31 .3 240 138 318 90 Mar. 17 3,810 11 37 9.6 15 114 26 31 .3 225 132 310 100 Mar. 18 4,120 10 37 10 15 110 30 32 .3 223 13 310 105 Mar. 19 3,620 19 35 9.1 19 112 27 32 .3 231 125 315 100 Mar. 20 3,610 14 38 9.4 14 112 25 33 .3 240 133 320 100 Mar. 11-20, Composite 3,773 13 38 10 17 117 29 33 .3 >198 1361 328 95 a Includes equivalent of 16 parts per million Carbonate (C03). b Value reported is sum of determined constituents; other entries are residue on evaporation.

PAGE 46

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Mar. 21 to Apr. 10, 1941 Ov 7g Hardness o SDate .as CaCO o f ." 'a "=. " " -. S 1 S w C a .M 115 31 320 -4 Collection 2 0 g ; U W & Z Mg NCH 1 §. Mar. 21, 1941 2,610 124 33 337 ; Mar. 22 3,490 112 31 312 > IMar. 27 .--116 33 320 -4 Mar. 28 --115 31 320 0z Mar. 21-22, 27-28 Composite 32 10 21 118 23 32 0.2 b176 121 322 95 Apr. 1 724 190 47 556 C Apr. 2 -192 53 554 Apr. 3 --189 51 _ 546 Apr. 4 -169 41 460 Apr. 5 --136 35 374 0 Apr. 6 --1136 36 _ 374 _ Apr. 7 -185 48 524 Apr. 8 -85 24 242 Apr. 9 --81 24 --2 233 Apr. 10 --90 23 218 Apr. 1-10, Composite 47 10 24 144 35 39 .6 b227 158 414 100 Note.--Days for which no discharge is shown, flow consists of leakage and lockage (about 10 cfs). b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. o

PAGE 47

TABLE 1-Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parns per million, Apr. 11-30, 1941 I I a Hardness B Date a N a Ad d of cow -d t 0 C D ^ I I . Collection S Z Mg& NCH Apr. 11, 1941 -87 25 249 a Apr. 12 2,660 66 23 200 Apr. 13 2,380 126 29 287 0 Apr. 14 3,970 120 31 --335 Apr. 15 3,820 102 28 289 G Apr. 16 3,660 121 30 326 O S r. 17 3,730 115 28 316 0 Apr. 18 3,470 108 23 301 0 Apr. 19 3,750 105 29 303 9 Apr. 20 3,980 113 31 323rApr. 11-20, Composite 35 7.5 14 104 22 28 0.4 b158 118 299 120 Apr. 21 4,040 122 32 315 Apr. 22 4,320 87 26 237 m Apr. 23 3,820 117 33 337 Apr. 24 3,930 120 33 -Apr. 25 3,920 126 35 358 Apr. 26 3,770 127 37 362 Apr. 27 4,160 120 36 '3b0 Apr. 28 4,160 115 36 333 Apr. 29 4,380 ____ 120 36 335 Apr. 30 4,120 132 36 350 Apr. 21-30, Composite 4,062 34 9.8 24 118 29 34 2.0 bl91 125 331 120 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 48

TABLE 1--.Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, May 1 to May 20, 1941 Hardness U Date ; ' s Ca p eoo o Ca k k Q C. 00 d|a4 0 .Collection _0 _ ___ Mg NCH .May 1, 1941 4,890 137 37 68 May 2 4,350 130 37 362 May 3 3,920 _____132 35 350 May 4 3,870 125 35 342 May 5 4,120 120 38 361 Z May 6 3,720 132 39 366 May 7 3,650 130 39 -371 May 8 1,400 91 27 261 May 9 1,900 101 30 285 r !May 10 3,210 118 33 Z7 May 1-10, Composite 3,503 -May 11 2,680 118 34 333 z May 1Z 3,820 118 34 331 May 13 3,720 118 33 332 . May 14 3,400 137 43 409 May 15 ---99 33 .299 .May 16 3,070 71 25 220 May 17 3,750 I -.126 38 363 May 18 3,930 118 35 336 May 19 3,730 125 37 358 May 20 3,970 118 36 343 May 11-20, Composite -. 35 9.2 19 114 24 33 0.3 b177 125 335 70 SValue reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 49

TABLE I -Coatima ed CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million. May 21 to June 10, 1941 0 u C « * S§ 6 1 -*arness Date J , S collection I U ! Ng |g I. 1 Ig j II IG SCH. ga O May 21, 1941 3,450 121 37 356 0 May 22 3,930 120 37 354 May 23 3,870 ___ _ 126 37 365 May 24 3,900 -122 37 31 May 25 3,840 124 37 354 0 May 26 3,620 112 34 334 0 May 27 3,490 124 38 355 r 0 May 28 3,350 124 37 362 0 May 29 1,810 _ __ 101 33 304 May 30 ----33 ---3 -May 31 -101 34 306 May 21-31. Composite 34 8.7 21 116 21 35 0.3 b177 121 342 60 C June 1 --104 33 308 m June 2 -105 34 308 June 4 ..._ _103 __ 33 308 June 5 --104 35 314 June 6 112 35 337 June 7 .. 112 36 331 June 8 --107 34 319 June 9 -107 34 313 June 10 -106 34 307 June 1-10, Composite 32 8.7 19 108 20 34 .3 b167 116 316 50 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 50

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, June 11-30, 1941 * SHardness S.as CaC Date k a w C a June 11, 1941 --113 33 318 June 12 --113 33 317 E June 13--_110 34 322 Eune 14 --111 33 316 June 15 --105 33 312 z June 16 19--116 36 321 June 17 --112 33 313 June 18 --112 33 317 June 19 1,010 110 33 314 June 20 820 122 34 316 June 11-20, Composite 30 8.6 22 110 20 33 0.2 b168 110 316 45 z O June 21 -112 32 3 June 22 -110 34 316 June 26 1--100 33 297 June 27 --99 33 301 'June 28 --101 34 305 June 29 1--_102 34 308 June 30 --104 33 306 June 21-22, June 26-30, Composite 28 8.1 21 103 17 33 .2 b158 103 305 50 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 51

TABLE 1-Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, July 1-20, 1941 SHardness " E 4 -?" as CaC3 u aE^ Date N' » a | of ! 4 -'0 & Collection i5 o. 2 Z CgMg NCH u(3, Ug July 1, 1941 --110 31 311 July 2 --97 26 273 July 3 --91 23 261 July 4 --86 26 251 July 5 --63 21 194 July 6 --49 17 145 0 Tuly 7 --40 13 117 " July 8 --46 13 121 0 July 9 --51 11 128 July 10 ---1 13 133 r-July I-10, Composite 21 4.2 11 68 9.1 20 0.7 bl00 70 192 140 July 11 --56 13 139 m July 12 -59 14 144 m July 13 --60 13 149 July 14 840 63 -1-154 July 15 1,560 165 41 489 July 16 880 70 15 193 July 17 742 46 9 116 July 18 1,790 30 7 78 July 20 2,690 100 20 270 July 11-20,Composite 23 3.6 11 72 13 16 .8 b104 72 193 200 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 52

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, July 21 to Aug. 10, 1941 E § Hardness wDate :3 § Q as CaCO3 u S21, 1941 2,950 98 21 262 July 22 4,720 98 19 256 uly 23 4,0504811 126 > U~P4 W0 S C5Mg X U July 21, 1941 2,420 94 21 257 0 July 26 2,890 84 19 230 O July 27 4,880 98 19 256 M July23 4,050 ________48 11 126 2,420 94 21 257 July 26 2,890 84 19 230 z July2Z 4,880 96 21 256 . July 28 4,090 88 19 230 July 29 3,930 96 23 272 0 July 30 4,120 _____89 21 254 July 31 4,040 107 26 302 -> July 21-31,Composite 3,809 28 5.8 13 90 18 21 0.4 b130 94 246 170 Aug. 2 4,150 101 26 292 Aug. 3 3,930 110 29 .326 Aug. 4 4,040 I100 27 .290 Aug. 5 3,810 109 27 313 Aug. 6 4,230 94 26 272 Aug. 7 4,140 ___99 26 283 Aug. 8 4,030 113 31 326 Aug. 9 3,820 102 26 :29.. Aug. 10 3,820 113 28 320 Aug. 2-10, Composite 3,996 32 7.8 18 105 25 27 .4 b162 112 302 180 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 53

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million. Aug. 11-31, 1941 ! R ardness = .as CaCO3 , EDate .I S -2a -of 0 & 0 0 Z in z 09 Z& 0UL 0 -of o .3 s .--o -§o S2 » |.s Collection Z NCH U3 S R rAug. 11, 1941 4,140 95 24 276 0 Aug. 12 4,270 104 26 301 Aug. 13 4,350 ___ 110 28 3_20 Aug. 17 2,250 92 23 263 Aug. 18 --98 25 276 m Aug. 19 -51 15 152 0 Aug. 19 --51 15 15 Aug. 26 --50 14 1500 Aug. 11-20,Composite 26 6.9 12 85 17 22 0.4 b126 93 247 100 n Aug. 21 --5715 160 r Aug. 22 --59 15 160 Aug. 23 --47 13 142 Aug. 24 --45 14 134 < Aug. 25 --38 12 112 m Aug. 26 --__ _ 39 12 115 Aug. 27 --41 12 117 Aug. 28 --41 12 121 Aug. 29 --___ 45 12 129 Aug. 30 --42 11 119 Aug. 31 --40 12 120 Aug. 21-31,Composite 14 3.1 6.1 45 5.2 13 .4 b 64 48 130 140 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 54

TABLE 1-Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Sept. 1-20, 194] a Hardness S§ a W as CaCO3 Collection I1.u Q. OE -S "gm. .. 5bgn Mg NCH ^O. JJ, 0 " -----Sept. 1, 1941 , --40 11 113 Sept. 2 --37 9 104 Sept. 3 --_31 10o 91 Sept. 4 --28 9.5 80 o Sept. 6 --22 9.0 69 Sept. 10 --24 9.5 68 Sept. 1-10, Comrnposite 8.1 1.8 4.3 27 1 9.5 0.5 b38 28 80 240 z 0 Sept. 11 --22 80 163 1 Sept. 2 --23 7.5 67 Sept. 13 --_21 7.0 1 63 Sept. 14 --24 7.5 65 Sept. 15 -25 7.5 68 Sept. 16 --___ 28 7.5 70 6 Sept. 17 --22 7.0 65 Sept. 18 2,850 26 8.0 64 Sept. 19 4,280 ____ 42 10 117 Sept. 20 3,560 86 22 240 Sept. 11-20, Composite 8.1 1.8 4_32 3.9 109.5 0.5 b38 92 180 Sau reporte is sum of deterined constituents. b aue reported is sum o eermined constituents.

PAGE 55

TABLE 1-Continued a CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Sept. 21-29, Oct. 5-20, 1941 Date U U 0 U coo•a .-a -' r of. S as CaC 3 .^ Sept. 21, 1941 2,830 76 23 233 0 Sept. 22 3,090 76 18 209 Sept. 23 2,440 ____ 78 18 212 Sept. 24 2,800 75 18 09 Sept. 25 2,910 92 22 260 m Sept. 26 3,460 93 22 247 0 Sept. 27 3940 88 Z4 244 0 Sept. 28 4,430 87 23 233 0 Sept. 29 3,520 ___ __87 23 236 Sept. 21-29, Composite 3,268 24 6.4 9.8 81 12 20 0.6 b113 895 233 110 r Oct. 5 1,640 _ ___ 92 25 257 C Oct. 14 --46 15 -107 < Oct. 15 --34 15 114 m Oct. 16 --40 16 131 Oct. 17 --44 16 136 Oct. 18 --38 14 125 Oct. 19 --_44 18 128 Oct. 20 -36 14 , 110 Oct. 5-20, Composite 14 3.4 6.9 45 1.4 18 .2 b 66 49 138 190 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 56

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE. HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Oct. 21 to Nov. 10, 1941 i 6 Hardness o :3 .C a ° W. B 4 as CaC0 3 oU Date d *: k C) k ( 0 c rr -.' t i 0 3 Collection. ---Mg NCHP0-2 -Z * Oct. 21, 1941 2,650 35 4 4111 0 Oct. 23 4,400 98 24 276 Oct. 24 3,280 _104 29 301 > Oct. 25 3,090 108 29 304 Oct. 26 4,250 108 29 315 Z Oct. 27 4,150 102 28 -292 Oct. 28 4,300 101 28 292 Oct. 29 4,440 108 27 295 Oct. 30 4,170 ___ 103 28 ___ 282 rOct. 31 4,590 106 29 306 > Oct. 21-31, Composite 3,932 30 7.5 13 98 16 26 0.4 b141 106 279 110 M z Nov. 1 3,630 106 29 297 P Nov. 2 4,260 118 31 329 Nov. 3 4,090 ___122 32 342 Nov. 4 3,970 118 34 337 Nov. 5 3,930 112 31 325 Nov. 6 4,090 118 35 339 Nov. 7 3,830 110 29 313 Nov. 8 4,270 116 33 , 340 Nov. 9 3,890 _ ___112 32 333 Nov. 10 "3,800 122 34 358 Nov. 1-10,Composite 3,976 36 9.2 16 114 23 32 .4 b173 128 334 80 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. b Value reportvd is sum of duturmincd constituents.

PAGE 57

TABLE I--Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Nov. 11-30, 1941 E E Hardness 0 DtL S as CaC03 .E Nov. 11, 1941 4,270 104 32 314 r Nov. 12 3,910 103 31 304 Nov. 13 4,180 108 33 328 5 E _ Nov. 14 4,120 06 33 307 Nov. 15 3,900 106 31 301 a Nov. 16 4,500 116 33 328 m Collection 0U w Z,2iA Mg .NCH -U Nov. 11, 1941 4,240 102 31 314 r Nov. 18 4,060 1 26 24304 Nov. 2013 4,180 111 33 319 Nov. 11-20, Composite 1 19 104 20 31 0.4 0 110 306-1o Nov. 21 3-110 31 316 Nov. 23_ 3---26 -235 Nov. 26 4,500 154 38 41128 Nov. 1287 -152 4 435 Nov. 129 -152 43 443 Nov. 30 --151 45 436 Nov. 21-30, Composite 40 9.9 23 133 28 37 .5 b204 141 381 90 b Value reorted is sum of deermined constituents. Nov.23 7--7 Nov. 26 154 38 411 Nov. 28 _ ----152 42 1 435 Nov.29 --152 43 Nov. 30 151 45 436 Nov. 21-30, Composite 40 9.9 23 133 28 37 .5 b204 141 381 90 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 58

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Dec. 2-20, 1941 o, g S ^Hardness ..4 I o4 I as CaC03 .E U Date k 0 ;q 14 0 Ca !" 0A*-Ca Collection Q O Q Mg NCH44 0 w Uq Z Dec. 6 --157 41 430 Z Dec. 7 -----154 39 ---w420 0 Dec. 2, 1--152 38 410 = Dec. 9 --152 41 432 Dec. 10 --_152 39 40 422 r Dec. 2-10, Composite 46 12 22 154 30 39 0.4 b225 164 424 70 Dec. 12 --152 40 419 ' Dec. 13 --145 38 3943 Dec. 14 --153 41 425 Dec.15 --172 44 4621 Dec. 16 --161 42 445 Dec. 17 --153 42 427 Dec. 18 --_ 154 41 _z427 Dec. 19 --168 44 425 Dec. 20 --172 44 1 462 Dec. 12-20, Composite 47 12 25 159 32 41 .5 b236 167 437 70 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 59

TABLE : -Cntitr..-d CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts pur million, Dcc. 21, 1941 to Jan. 19, 1942 P Hardness 2 Go £ QI i * as CaC03 z Q E Date X c N W 6 .of to -----& 0-_ Collection 263 .: O 22 AE ^ ^ E E 2 Q Mg NCH U1^ 1 O3 Dec. 21, 1941 --163 41 458 O Dec. 22 -144 37 399 a Dec. 23 --150 1 39 419 O Dec. 24 --164 44 1 457 Dec. 25 --145 38 399 0 Dec. 21-25, Composite 45 12 26 153 33 41 0.4 b233 162 430 70 O r" ---------------------------------Jan. 7, 1942 -146 35 390 0 Jan. 8 --145 37 389 Jan. 9 --146 37 392 > Jan. 10 --141 39 399 r Jan. 7-10,Composite 41 13 20 143 30 36 .4 b211 156 397 70 C Jan. 11 --139 39 399 M Jan. 12 --138 39 398 -< Jan. 13 --142 38 1 -1 389 Jan. 14 --144 38 387 Jan. 15 -140 40 382 Jan. 16 --__ 140 39 381 Jan. 18 --140 36 378 Jan. 19 --143 39 383 Jan. 11-19,Composite 38 11 27 143 25 39 .4 b211 140 389 60 Value reported is sum of etermined constituents.

PAGE 60

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Jan. 22 to Feb. 10, 1942 £ S E Hardness o M c 1 a? E: w as CaCO3 E ^ Jan. 22, 1942 1,530 142 38 388 Jan. 23 2,800 141 36 384 Jan. 24 2,280 ____142 ___ 38 ----397_ -1 Jan. 25 3,290 117 35 333 Jan. 26 3,270 96 30 283 z Jan. 27 2,100 98 30 _280 Jan. 28 1,890 97 31 281 ;0 Jan. 29 2,750 108 31 307 C Jan. 30 3,560 __ ____ 85 0 28 ____ 261 " Jan. 31 3,740 115 30 325 O Jan. 22-31,Composite 2,721 30 7.6 25 114 19 34 0.2 bl72 106 324 90 U O Feb. 1 1,690 124 33 348 Feb. 6 2,890 90 29 269 Feb. 8 2,770 ___ 100 1 31 1 287 , Feb. 9 2,120 88 29 262 Feb. 10 -38 24 158 Feb. 1-10,Composite 26 6.1 18 88 16 29 .1 b138 90 266 110 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. a

PAGE 61

TABLE 1-Continued A" CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT MOORE HAVEN, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million, Feb. 11-27, 1942 E Hardness 0 Collection2Q & 06 ^ ll c5 c £ g5 Mg NCH ES § * Feb. 11, 1942 --43 23 ) as0 a Feb. 12 --38 23 147 Feb. 13 --111 31 308 > 'U 0 CFeb. 15 -109 30 302 C Feb. 17 --1 04 30 291 Feb. 1 --104 29 289 Feb. 19 --____ 111 31 304 > Feb. 20 --123 32 317 Feb. 11-20, Composite 28 7.1 18 97 15 30 0.1 b146 99 274 90 t Feb. 21 --123 31 318 C Feb. 22 --123 33 320 < m Feb. 23 --121 31 315 3 Feb. 24 --121 32 315 Feb. 25 --128 35 -327Feb. 26 1,470 128 32 332 Feb. 27 4220 133 35 1 3. 1 355 Feb. 21-27, Composite 33 8.2 23 128 15 33 .1 b175 116 326 60 For period Mar. 4, 1941 to Feb. 27, 1942 Maximum. 4,890 47 13 27 192 35 53 2.0 b236 167 556 240 Minimum 724 8.1 1.8 4.3 21 1 7.0 .1 b -38 28 63 45 .Average 32 18 8.0 107 20 30 .4 d160 113 _ 297 111 b Value reported is sum of etermined consti uents. d Values for Mar. 4-10, 1941 composite and Mar. 11-20, 1941 dailies not included in average.

PAGE 62

TABLE 1-Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million S Hardness u Do0 as CaC u I EaaC Date .. C q Upstream side of lock Feb. 22, 1945 0.02 47 15 58 222 38 59 1.2 b328 179 608 7.3 55 E (Integrated) . O Mar. 28 (Integrated) 49 15 46 204 34 58 .1 b.303 184 576 7.1 50 Z Mar. 28 212 57 .8 576 .4 50 0 May 3 59 534 r Aug. 9 21 284 > Aug. 14 -6 -b 7 Z Aug. 22 (Integrated) _62 11 26 192 40 39 .4 b273 200 492 7.2 320 . Aug. 22 38 506 Aug. 29 24 341 Sept. 4 27 325 Sept. 12 21 321 Sept. 21 6.0 109 Nov. 21 (Integrated) 44 7.6 13 140 17 26 1.0 b178 41 346 7.1 120 Nov. 21 26 338 Nov. 28 --30 427 b Value reported isum of determined constituents.

PAGE 63

TABLE I -Continued CALOoSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LUCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million E E -Hardness a Upstream side of lock -contiued SZ3 as CaCE toV D a t e v E § A .0 0 Dec. 5, 1945 34 492 Dec. 12 30 364 0 Dec. 19 (Integrated) 48 10 20 155 25 36 0.8 161 421 7.2 100 Dec. 19 36 452 Dec. 26 38 498 0 r Jan. 3, 1946 28 336 Jan. 9 '30 .353 an. 16 (Integrated). 40 9.9 21 137 26. 33 .7 b198 140 372 7.2 120. : r Tan. 16 .30 374-Jan. 22 34 375 Jan. 29 34 404 Feb. 5 36 436 < Feb. 12 (Integrated) 56 11 23 192 21 38 .6 184 499 90 Feb. 12 ___ __38 484 Feb. 19 39 486 Feb. 26 41 514 ar. 5 4 1 9 43 525 ar. 13 (Integrated) 60 .12 30 2,04 32: 45 .5 199 525 82 ar. 13 44 510 Mar. 19 36 389 Mar. 26 36 400 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 64

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million SHardness t 1 5 as CaC8O3 -| Date N .N ggc3 ta a 04 of . .Pip U a IgNCH . Collection U _ = -M -----_Upstream side of lock -continued Apr. 2, 1946 38 413 Apr. 10 36 411 For period Feb. 22, r 1945 to Apr. 10, 1946 Maximum. 62 15 58 222 40 59 1.2 b328 200 608 7.5 320 Minimum 40 7.6 13 137 17 6.0 .1 b178 140 109 7.1 50 Z Average 51 11.4 30 184 29 36 .7 b256 174 426 7.3 110 P Mar. 31, 1953 39 9.7 28 131 39 35 1.0 b216 137 30 376 7.6 30 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

PAGE 65

TABLE 1 -Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million I I E E Hardness 0o E° :. 3 W asCaCCO 1 FDate .0 o W .. 0 Aug. 9, 1945 22 334 Aug. 22 34 497 Aug. 29 26 353 0 Sept 4 24 318 r ept. 12 23 363 O Sept. 21 7.0 124 f 1Nov. 21 28 353 Nov. 28 42 477 c Dec. 5 34 493 m Dec. 12 30 381 Dec. 19 ______36 466 Dec. 26 40 Z513T Jan. 3, 1946 _ 42 395 Jan. 9 30 " -5 Jan. 16 32 392 *an. 22 34 424 Jan. 29 ____ 34 424 Set 1-3 -3

PAGE 66

TABLE 1-Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE CANAL AT ORTONA LOCK, NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million a) w0 SHardness 0 ..0iU Date A " o a -o S0 Downstream side of lock (all bottom samples) 0 Feb. 5, 1946 34 448 z Feb. 12 ______37 .484 Feb. 19 39 501 » Feb. 26 40 520 C MIVar. 542 U _'E537 5. Mar. 13 44 534 m Mar. 19 36 385 Mar. 26 36 394 Apr. 2 37 409 Apr. 10 37 415 Mar. 31, 1953 40 9.3 28 133 39 35 .9 b217 138 29 375 7.6 35 For period Aug. 9, 1945 to Apr. 10, 1946 Maximum 44 537 Minimum 7.0 124 Average 33 416 r 1 5 40 .8 3 9 5 9 1 1

PAGE 67

TABLE 2 CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million Date Hardness -V ., asCaCO3 Of .-----o -AT LABELLE o May 8, 1945 a 1/2 c 50 Aug. 9 _______ 24 388 Nov. 27 " 34 561 AT DENAUD m May 8, 1945 ___2 c so Aug. 9 28 388 Nov. 27 38 562 Mar. 31, 1953 40 9.3 30 136 41 350.9 b223 138 27 378 .6 45 AT ALVA r SMay 8, 1945 c 4,500 Aug. 9 33 400 Nov. 27 52 591 Mar. 31, 1953 41 9.2 30 137 40 36 .9 b224 140 28 384 7.6 50 m AT OLGA May 8, 1945 1/4 c 8,800 Aug. 9 ______32 363 Nov. 7Z ---56 597 Mar. 31, 1953 40 '98 29. 135 40 36 .8 b222 140 30 382 7.6 28 a Direction of flow was upstream, all other flows given are downstream. b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. c Approximate chloride content, in parts per million, from conductivity measurements.

PAGE 68

TABLE 2 --.Continued CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS, FLA. Chemical analyses, in parts per million V6 a § Hardness r of 2 .O. M as Ca COO E 2 Collection B---2 Q fc Mg NCH rr o 3 AT U.S. HWY. 41 IN FORT MYERS May 8, 1945 slight cl5,00 Mar. 31, 1953 42 12 47 143 45 65 0.9 b282 154 38 496 7.8 32 z p. '-4 0 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. c Approximate chloride content, in ppm, from conductivity measurements. -

PAGE 69

TABLE 3 MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million Hardness g 0 So as CaC03 u E Date O .4 .i o f XC a u 0 _ 0 3 0 Collection 2 k 4 U 2 (. w .cx n u 0 Mg NCH toU ..U D ORANGE RIVER NEAR FORT MYERS Dec. 16, 1939 0.08 93 20 27 351 18 47 --b378 314 684 ---Feb. 3, 1944 4.2 82 14 7.1 262 13 35 0.2 b280 262 574 7.9 37 Mar. 4 2.0 34 M Apr. 6 4.2 38 m May 5 3.6 __ 84 13 16 277 14 37 .6 b301 263 662 7.6 38 r June 7 4.9 35 0 July 4 4.9 37 Aug. 22 38 __36 5.5 4.6 116 5 16 .1 b124 112 245 7.0 70 Oct 11 3.5 31 535 I Nov. 16. 3.1 31 539 .Jan.. 10, 1945 5.0 -36 535 -Feb. 22.95 33 482 < Mar. 28 .38 35 456 May 3 .01 ____ __ 40 l 361 For perzod Feb. 1944 to May 1945 Maximum 84 14 16 277 14 40 .6 )301 263 662 7.9 70 Minimum 36 5.5 4.6 116 5 16 .1. 124 112 245 1.0 37 Average____ 67 10.8 9.2 218 11 34 .3 >252 212 488 7.5 48 Mar. 31, 1953 (at State Hwy. 80) 42 10 38 138 42 50 .7 >247 166 53 434 R.8 45 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

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TABLE 3-Continued MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million S Hardness S asC CO Collection M NCH 0 . '" Zb 0 C d ) M NCHM0'0 U 1 BILLY'S CREEK . at Nuna Ave. Feb. 3, 1944 126 28 222 330 55 415 1,010 430 1,240 7.7 35 at Palmetto Ave. z Feb. 3, 1944 128 52 224 256 149 465 1,140 534 2,110 7.5 37 0 Mar. 3 990 Apr. 5 422 May 5 (top) 152 116 657 199 305 1,280 2,610 856 4,730 7.2 30 June 6 360 __ July 66 0 z SAug. 24 (bottom) 136 847 0 Ot. 12,. (bottom); ____ _ 480 _ : 2,140 SNov. 16 (bottom) 560 2,410 Jan. 12, 1945 (bottom)_______ 455 2,120 Feb. 24 (top) 825 3,250 Feb. 24 (bottom) 855 3,380 Mar. 30 (top) __ 650 --2.770 Mar. 30 (bottom) 1,190 4,310 May 5 (bottom) 4,850 13,800 b Values reported are sum of determined constituents.

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TABLE 3-Continued a MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million, 1 SHardness g S § asCaCO |0 Date 0 S 0 * of is2 .e § 9lo o o 0 aS & j| Collection.., , 25 &. SA ,, ft Z. Q5 ,u NCH &1t ?. <3 BILLY'S CREEK (Continued) at 1st Street Feb. 3, 1944(top) ____174 10,200 29,500 7.3 32 O Feb. 3 (bottom) 164 I11,800 -33 60 74 25 Mar. 3 (top) 12,100 0 Mar. 3 (bottom) ____13,800 ____ Apr. 5 (top) 9,810 r Apr. 5 (bottom) 11,400 0 .May 5 (top). -____150 15,100 41,400 7.3 24 May 5 (bottom) 148 15,000 41,400 7 5 'June 7 (top) 3,920 .Jtue 7 (bottom) -13,700 July 6 (bottom) 10,200 7 Aug. 24 (top) 1,540 -5,430 -< Oct. 12 (top) 4,420 14200 Oct. 12 (bottom) 6,050 19,000 Nov. 16 (top) __________5,250 16,300 S.Ov.J.6 (bottomt .. ... .. .-8,950 --6,300 Jan. 12, 1945 (top) 3,400 11,100 Jan 12 (bottom) .10,900 31,500 --ll-I-in -

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TABLE 3--Continued MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million aw § Hardness S0 a .2 asCaCO3 UV E Date .3 -* Ca S of .a0o -, v I-m -U .0 0 -0 & |4 -Collection Cý .c? U A, M n ,Z Q Mg "Mg NCH U Z BILLY'S CREEK (Continued) (b) at 1st Street (Continued) Feb. 24, 1945 (top) 5,930 18,100 -i Feb. 24 (bottom) ..11,600 _ 33,100 0 Mar. 30 (top) 9,620 23,400 Mar. 30 (bottom) ' 13,900 30,500 0 May 5 (top) 9,270 22,800 May 5 (bottom) 14,200 31,300 C DITCH AT MICHIGAN AND PALV ETTO AVE. Feb. 3, 1944 I 132 91 146 186 286 405 1,150 704 3,290 7.1 33 May 5 (top) 136 93 449 189 304 870 1,950 722 3,410 7.2 27 Z CREEK AT MICHIGAN AVE. AND CEMETERY -4 Feb. 3, 1944(bottom) 130 29 143 262 75 328 834 444 1,580 7.5 30 May 5 (top) 126 31 172 259 92 360 0.1 909 442 1,670 7.3 30 Mar. 3 (top) 460 Apr. 5 (top) 550 Tune 6 (top) 310 Jruly 6 (top) 305 Aug. 24 (top) 330 1,640 b Values reported are sum of determined constituents.

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TABLE. 3--Continued MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million w ardness o be v v -2 as CaCO3 uEge Date aj 0 w a 7 S S Collection GS3 l. 2 .2 E8 £ 5. J' 12 S Q & Mg NCH g0I 0 CREEK AT MICHIGAN AVENUE AND CEMETERY (Continued) (b) (b) -Oct. 12, 1944 (top) 385 1,830 Nov. 16 (top) 412 1,980 > Jan. 12, 1945 (top) 570 2,480 m Feb. 24 (top) 328 1,580 0 Mar. 30 (top) 355 1,660 0 May 5 (top) 385 1,800 A.C.L. RAILROAD DITCH AT 2ND ST EET > Feb. 3, 1944 95 51 233 166 216 420 1,100 446 1,950 7.2 12 r May 4 97 58 277 132 256 502 0.0 1,260 480 2,220 7.0 75 c: LINE A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS < at Page Field m Feb. 3, 1944 126 104 442 164 335 865 1,950 742 3,430 7.4 Apr. 5 _____ __ 850 May 4 123 108 450 149 345 885 1,980 751 3,520 7.7 12 June 6 855 July 8 890 b Values reported are sum of determined constituents.

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TABLE 3-Continued MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million a < § a Hardness f ? as CaCO3 6 Date J 0 4 o.0 § of §9 oV M to 10 to U | § So" S3 -0 No.& I|V S X I q Collection I '. U3 U) U.. : ." Mg NCH ý.., Q LINE A CANAL NEAR FORT MYERS (Continued) (b) at Page Field (Continued) Aug. 23, 1944 152 747 7 1 Oct. 11 ____ ___650 2,740 Nov. 17 670 2,850 Jan. 11, 1945 860 3,450 3/4 Mile So. of Page Field r Feb. 3, 1944 128 104 447 172 337 870 1,970 747 3,460 7.8 10 > at U.S.G.S. control (1/4 mi. upstream from U.S. 41) Feb. 3, 1944 105 54 232 200 171 458 1,120 484 1,990 8.2 32 O Mar. 3 222 Apr. 5 462 May 4 93 38 186 all2 135 398 0.1 905 388 1,680 8.1 35 June 6 __ __ 208 July 5 215 Aug. 23 40 259 Oct. 12 _______ ___220 1,330 Nov. 17 178 1,020 Jan. 11, 1945 450 2,040 a Includes equivalent of 5 parts per million Carbonate (C03). o b Values reported are suni of dtermnined con;stituents.

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TABLE 3--Continued MISCELLANEOUS SURFACE WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million SHardness u 0c a 4 asCaCO Date : 3 E C aa 0 oo 0 o ac*of 0--0 , -0 --W 9 to A U s Z 0 s E 0 Collection 1.4. 0I U^ oz ox US SS _ U h S Q(8 Mg NCH Vj. P ( 1 STILL LAKE NEAR FORT MYERS -May 11, 1943 | 6.7 .03 52 9.9 30 1.4 192 6.3 52 0.1 0.0 b253 170 7.1 22 _ _____-' __ __ __________ __ __ ___ _____ __ _ __ ______ ------MANUEL'S BRANCH AT MCGREGOR ILVD. Feb. 3, 1944(bottom) 172 10,100 29,000 7.3 29 0 May 5 (top) 194 14,100 39,000 7.1 30 m IMPERIAL RIVER NO. DF BONITA SPRINGS 0 Dec. 16, 1939 .29 76 4.8 11 241 1.0 25 236 209 444 Ir C < m -< b Value reported is sum of determined constituents.

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TABLE 4 GROUND WATERS IN LEE COUNTY Chemical analyses, in parts per million E Hardness a : fnsCaCU -t Date .-~ s U a C of ---0 to -.0 ; ---0 -& Collection M LO Ub Oo 22 P, to u Z3 Q Ch Mg NCH I n 0 Composite of 10 wells, Fort Myers, Fla. Approx -4 Apr. 1, 1953 25' 3.1 147 7.1 34 367 87 55 0.7 b506 268 0 842 7.2 28 O z c r z 0 04 b Value reported is sum of determined constituents. 4

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