Citation
Biennial report

Material Information

Title:
Biennial report
Alternate Title:
Biennial report of the Florida Geological Survey ( 8th-14th )
Creator:
Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee
Publisher:
The Survey
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Biennial
Language:
English
Physical Description:
11 v. : ill. ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Geology -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
Mines and mineral resources -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
City of Miami ( local )
City of Ocala ( local )
City of Jacksonville ( local )
City of Tampa ( local )
City of Fort Lauderdale ( local )
City of Lake Wales ( local )
Minerals ( jstor )
Business structures ( jstor )
Geological surveys ( jstor )
Counties ( jstor )
Phosphates ( jstor )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
4th (1940)-14th (1959-1960).
Funding:
Digitized as a collaborative project with the Florida Geological Survey, Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Statement of Responsibility:
Florida State Board of Conservation, Florida Geological Survey

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier:
000376187 ( ALEPH )
01956611 ( OCLC )
ACB5800 ( NOTIS )
sn 87028635 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Biennial report
Succeeded by:
Biennial report (FGS : Biennial report)

Full Text
U EI "
ORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
FLOP, "A
ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT
I LORIDA A M
rOLEMAMNVE'""
PlFASF r AP
MOV




State of Florida
LEROY COLLINS, Governor
Florida State Board of Conservation
ERNEST MITTS, Director
ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT
of the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Covering Period
January 1, 1953, through December 31, 1954
HERMAN GUNTER
Director and State Geologist
Tallahassee, Florida
1955




FLORIDA STATE BOARD
OF
CONSERVATION
LEROY COLLINS
Governor
R. A. GRAY RICHARD ERVIN Secretary of State Attorney General
RAY E. GREEN J. EDWIN LARSON
Comptroller Treasurer
THOMAS D. BAILEY NATHAN MAYO Superintendent of Commissioner of Public Instruction Agriculture
ERNEST MITTS, Director
Board of Conservation
64778




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 3
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
Ja11lz/llmiee
April 11, 1955
MR. ERNEST MITTS, Director FLORIDA STATE BOARD OF CONSERVATION TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA
SIR:
Herewith is the Eleventh Biennial Report of the Florida Geological Survey, a division of the Florida State Board of Conservation. This report contains a brief review of the work of the Survey during the two-year period 1953-1954, an outline of some of the proposed investigations for the future, summaries of the mineral production for 1952-1953, and the financial statement. By means of this report we wish to outline to you, the State Board of Conservation, and the citizens of the State, some of the work and services of the Florida Geological Survey and to express our appreciation to the State officials, the mineral producers, and the citizens of Florida, whose cooperation has made our job interesting to do and beneficial to our State.
Respectfully submitted,
HERMAN GUNTER, Director




4 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Letter of Transmittal ------------------------------------------ 3
Introduction --------------------------------------------------------- 6
Florida Geological Survey Personnel ------------------ 7
U. S. Geological Survey-Florida Personnel ------------- 8
Publications .----------------------------------------------------- 10
Activities of the Survey --------------------------- 10
Oil Exploration -------------------------------------------------- 14
Topographic Maps and Mapping -------------------- 16
Numerical Finding List of Topographic Maps 19 County Finding List of Topographic Maps -------------26
Florida Mineral Industry During 1952 and 1953 --------39 Value of Production ---------------------------------------- 39
Phosphate Rock ---------------------------------------------- 40
Heavy Mineral Sands ------------------------------------- 41
Selected Mineral Products -------------------------------- 45
Ground Water ------------------------------------------------ 48
Current and Future Expansion ------------------__ ------- 48
Rock and Mineral Producers --- __---------------------- 52
Appropriations ------------------------------------------------- 56
Statement of Funds Available, Expenditures and Balances 1953 ------------------------------------------------------------- 56
1954 -----------_-----_----------------------------------------_- 58




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 5
ILLUSTRATIONS
Page
Floating Spiral Concentrator, Highland Mine, Clay
County, Florida ---------------------------- Cover
Figure 1. Status of Topographic Mapping in Florida-- 17
2. Index to published Topographic Maps-Facing 18 3. Dry Mill of the Highland Plant ------------42
4. Prospecting for heavy minerals in Walton
County ------------------------------------------------ 44
Table 1. Summary of Oil Production ----------------15
2. Value of Florida Mineral Production, 1940
through 1953 ---------------------------40
3. Quantity of Production of Selected Florida
Minerals, 1940 through 1953 --------------49
4. Summary of Florida Mineral Production 51




6 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Eleventh Biennial Report
of the
Florida Geological Survey
INTRODUCTION
During the biennium, January 1, 1953, through December 31, 1954, the Florida Geological Survey had the greatest demand for geological information in the history of the Survey. It is most encouraging that requests for services of the Survey are increasing phenomenally as is evidenced by the widespread manner in which the public, industry and educational institutions seek basic and highly technical data through personal calls, correspondence and requests for literature.
The Geological Survey continues- to operate on a very modest budget, but regardless of this, the staff is made up of thoroughly trained and experienced personnel who do research and make investigations and prepare reports on geological subjects directly related to their respective fields of specialization. The Survey has, however, been financially unable to attract to its staff members trained in paleontology. Florida is a state replete with both vertebrate and invertebrate fossils and highly trained specialists are needed to more thoroughly investigate and report upon such deposits.
The unprecedented drought that began with 1954 still continues. Fortunately, 1953 was the second wettest year of record and the effects of the drought were therefore somewhat delayed; however, certain sections of Florida were severely affected during the latter part of 1954 and extending into 1955. Such conditions added very materially to the duties of the Survey, for as the water table lowered and some springs and shallow wells went dry, requests for data and help increased to an unprecedented high level. The Survey was fortunate to render the assistance necessary to solve the problems, although at times facilities were taxed.




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 7
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PERSONNEL
January 1, 1953, to December 31, 1954
FULL TIME STAFF
Herman Gunter Director and State Geologist R. O. Vernon Asst. Director and Asst. State Geologist James L. Calver Geologist Charles W. Hendry, Jr. Assistant Geologist James William Yon, Jr. Field Geologist Harbans Puri Paleontologist Andrew R. Janson Curator Herbert H. Winters (Resigned Sept. 8, 1954) Vertebrate Paleontologist F. D. Miller, Jr. (Re-entered July 5, 1954) Accountant E. Corinne Little Secretary Mary Cathryn Novak Secretary Mary W. Blount (Deceased Feb. 7, 1954) Secretary Ruth A. Shuler (Entered Dec. 1, 1953) Secretary Martha Walker (Resigned Sept. 9, 1953) Librarian Muriel M. Kirk (Entered Sept. 1, 1953) Librarian Roy W. Staton (Resigned Feb. 28, 1955) Field Assistant Charlie Snelling (Entered March 1, 1954) Sample Washer John McBride Janitor
PART TIME WORKERS
Charles L. Lester Office Assistant Doryand P. Janson Museum Assistant Dorothy Harrell (Entered April, 1954) Typist Bobby L. Howe Laboratory Aide Richard 0. Cutler (Entered July, 1954) Draftsman's Aide June Conyers (Resigned May, 1954) Typist James S. Cullison, II (June to July, 1954) Rodman Lars Dohm (Resigned June, 1953) Draftsman's Aide Frank N. Hall (Sept. to Dec., 1954) Rodman Barbara L. Hendry (Feb. to Dec., 1953) Library Aide R. H. Herron (Aug. to Sept., 1954) Rodman Bert McIntosh (July, 1953, to Feb., 1954) Draftsman's Aide Mary Louise Prine (March to June, 1954) Draftsman Josephine P. Roehrig (Resigned Jan., 1953) Typist Vann E. Streety (Resigned June, 1954) Laboratory Aide Anna Sumner (June to Dec., 1954) Typist F. Jeanette Tadlock (November, 1953, to March, 1954) Typist James E. Vause (Oct., 1953, to May, 1954) Laboratory Aide Manuel Vega (Oct., 1953, to May, 1954) Laboratory Aide Don A. Whitehead (Resigned Jan., 1954) Laboratory Aide William A. Wisner, Jr. (June to July, 1954) Rodman
RESEARCH CONSULTANTS
Jules R. DuBar (June to Sept., 1953) Ernest H. Lund (June to Sept., 1953) E. C. Pirkle (Began Aug., 1954)




8 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-FLORIDA PERSONNEL
The Florida Geological Survey contributes a portion of the funds used by the United States Geological Survey in cooperative water-resource studies. The personnel, employed by the Federal Survey in these studies, stationed in Florida in December, 1954, is as follows:
GROUND WATER BRANCH
Office of Staff Engineer-Tallahassee District Office-Tallahassee
P. O. Box 1233-New Dining Hall Bldg. F.S.U. Campus, Phone 3-1693
Cooper, Hilton H., Jr. Staff Engineer Rorabaugh, Matthew I. District Engineer Heath, Ralph C. Geologist Brown, Delbert W. Geologist Derragon, Eugene Physicist Leutze, Willard P. Geologist Essig, Carl F., Jr. Engineer-Aide Mills, Luther R. E. Engineer-Aide Williamson, Alberta Glover Clerk Dann, Marelle D. Clerk-Stenographer Peek, Harry M. Geologist
Field Headquarters-Bradenton
Wyrick, Granville G. Geologist
Field Headquarters-Daytona Beach
Stewart, Herbert G., Jr. Geologist
Field Headquarters-Lakeland
Barraclough, Jack T. Engineer
Field Headquarters-Sanford
Area Office-Miami 33
P. O. Box 348, Coconut Grove Station Dinner Key, South Bayshore Drive Phone 48-4564
Hoy, Nevin D. Geologist-in-Charge Klein, Howard Geologist Kohout, Francis A. Geologist Schroeder, Melvin C., WAE Geologist Lichtler, William F. Geologist Sherwood, Clarence B., Jr. Engineer Jackson, Kenneth L. Engineer-Aide Voegtle, Henry J. Engineer-Aide Pollard, Laura G. Clerk




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 9
SURFACE WATER BRANCH
District Office-Ocala
P. O. Box 607, Building 211
Camp Roosevelt, Phone MArion 2-6513
Patterson, Archibald 0. District Engineer Pride, Roland W. Engineer Yonker, Carl C. Engineer Kenner, William E. Engineer Kidd, Win. Richard, Jr. Engineer Musgrove, Rufus H. Engineer Taylor, Robert L. Engineer Barrows, Robert C. Engineer Murphy, Walter R., Jr. Engineer Spooner, Charles M., Jr. Engineer Gardner, Milton S. Engineering-Aide Cunningham, Ray E. Engineering-Aide Newbern, Ernest K. Engineering-Aide Speir, Florence D. Clerk McLain, Helen Jones, WAE Clerk Baugh, Frances P. Clerk
Area Office-Miami 33
P. O. Box 348, Coconut Grove Station
Dinner Key, South Bayshore Drive
Phone 48-4564
Hartwell, James H. Engineer-in-Charge Carter, Albert G. Engineer Galliher, Claiborne F. Engineer Leach, Stanley D. Engineer Charnley, Raymond S. Engineering-Aide Arbogast, Mary N. Clerk
Area Office-Sebring
P. O. Box 553, Highlands County
Court House, Phone 5771
Heath, Richard C. Engineer-in-Charge Anderson, Warren Engineer Bird, Robert A. Engineering-Aide
QUALITY OF WATER BRANCH
District Office-Ocala
P. O. Box 607, Building 211
Camp Roosevelt, Phone MArion 2-6513
Brown, Eugene District Chemist Crooks, James W. Chemist Menke, Clarence G. Chemist Gore, James B., WAE Physical-Science-Aide Wesley, Merle Spears Clerk-Stenographer




10 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
PUBLICATIONS
During 1953 and 1954, ten resource studies covering water resources, Miocene stratigraphy and fauna, Eocene faunas, Phosphorus in Florida waters, the geology and stratigraphy of five counties and the petrology of Eocene rocks were published. These papers were printed in the Bulletins, Reports of Investigation and Information Circulars-three of the standard series of publications issued by this Department.
The editions of all Survey reports are limited to 3,000 copies; consequently, the distribution is restricted. In order that the greatest number can have access to the publications a copy of each is deposited in hundreds of large reference libraries throughout the United States and many foreign countries, and in a number of institutional and private libraries. In addition, a selected list of seven publications, eagerly sought by the teachers in secondary schools, are deposited in the high school libraries of the State upon request for a reference file. The Survey has prepared a study set of characteristic minerals and rocks found in Florida with descriptive information concerning each as a further aid to public school teachers. These are available for one dollar a set of 18 specimens, the approximate cost of assembling.
ACTIVITIES OF THE SURVEY
As a result of technical help and data that the Survey is able to furnish Industry, Agriculture, and local and state agencies, the Florida Geological Survey is one of the State departments that brings more wealth into the State than it expends from funds appropriated by the Legislature from general revenue. It is a fact-finding, scientific, research department that operates under the State Board of Conservation through the Director. The Survey employs presently six geologists, two technicians, three clerks, a librarian and two laboratory aides. With this small staff and a modest budget, several hundred studies have been undertaken and have resulted in as many papers covering the mineral wealth and water resources of the State.
We are proud of the fact that the total output and value of mineral wealth produced in the State has steadily climbed and that the total value exceeded 90 million dollars in 1954. The pride that the Survey takes in this growth of the industry is that much of the advance was based on the research and on mineral discoveries made by the Survey. During the past biennium the Survey has assisted,




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 11
by studies already published and through field assistance, in locating two deposits of rutile, ilmenite and other heavy minerals, upon which plants are being constructed and mining will soon begin.
Since the start of the Survey in 1907 a library of rock cuttings from wells throughout Florida and adjacent States has been maintained. This library now includes samples from 3500 wells drilled for water supply, drainage, or for oil. These samples are important leads to new mineral wealth, and to the expansion of our knowledge of known resources. The well cuttings are keys to the stratigraphy, geology, and structure of the State and have been very useful to the oil geologists in the search for oil in Florida. But by far the most important use of these samples, in total value to the economy of the State, is the record of ground-water resources and the conditions under which they occur. Water is the most valuable of all of our mineral resources and probably the least valued by the citizens of Florida.
Florida is fortunate to have what is reported to be the most prolific and largest distribution system of artesian water in the world. The formations making up this aquifer, as are many of the formations that over lie it, are filled with sweet, potable water of such high purity and quality, that little treatment other than for public health precautions is necessary. This acquifer leaks naturally through more than one hundred known and measured springs, seven times more water than required for all the supplies for municipal, domestic and industrial uses in the State. This leakage, about 31/2 billion gallons of water per day, is not used for any purpose other than for recreation.
The water facts covering this great resource have been gathered and tabulated by Survey personnel since the initiation of the Survey in 1907. Beginning in 1930 the State Survey has cooperated with the Federal Survey in water resource studies and from this association there has accumulated a long record of the water levels, movements, quantity, quality, and the associated geology. It is hoped that these continued records will lead ultimately to the complete understanding of the hydrology and geology of Florida and that this knowledge will be useful in preventing water shortages and troubles in the future.
In the attempt to offer a greater service in trouble shooting in ground-water problems in Florida, the Survey has purchased several technical machines that have proved their adaptability and worth in locating the source of salt water and bacterial contamina-




12 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
tion, in reconditioning old wells where the casing is thought to be defective, in determining the depth of wells and the length of casing in old wells on which no records are available. In particular, the Widco electric logging machine has saved the city, county and State agencies, together with some industrial and private interests where consulting services were not available, several times the amount of money used to purchase the logging machine.
An improved Mobile auger has been very satisfactory in obtaining samples of the hard rock beneath the sand and detrital cover that blankets most of Florida. Foundations for dam sites have been tested and certain stratigraphic problems have been solved by the use of this machine.
During the biennium a number of specific problems were solved through the use of the Widco logging machine and the Mobile auger. These are listed as follows:
Electric and geologic logging:
1) The wells at the abandoned Morris plant of Armour and Company,
Bartow, Florida, were found to be in shape to use at the new plant
now being constructed.
2) A permanent record was made of the new supply well for the University of Florida.
3) Salt-water contamination of the water supply in some wells along
a portion of the Panama City Beach was studied and recommendations made to combat the problem.
4) The Santa Rosa Island Authority was assisted in an attempt to
secure a deep water supply through a well drilled on the island.
5) A record was made of the new water supply well for the City of
Marianna, Florida, and recommendations for casing and development were made.
6) Cooperated with the United States Geological Survey in groundwater and geologic study for proposed site for the Chemstrand Corporation plant in Escambia county.
7) Records were made of the Farmers State Market well near Quincy,
with recommendations for development in this area where water
supply is difficult to obtain.
8) Recommendations made for reconditioning an old well of the Clinton
Foods, Inc., in Highlands County.
9) An old well was reconditioned for the town of Webster, Florida.
10) Several water supply wells were logged and studied for the city of
Tallahassee, Florida.
The Mobile rig was used for:
1) An investigation of the soil, the subsurface formations and the
hydrology at the Chipola Experimental Forest in cooperation with
the United States Department of Agriculture.




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 13
2) The foundation site for a proposed dam to control the waters in
Lake Miccosukee was surveyed for Leon and Jefferson county
authorities.
3) The stratigraphy of the Lake Bradford area was studied to determine the cause of the low water levels.
In the cooperative program of water resource studies several investigations are being conducted by the personnel of the Federal Survey, with some assistance being given by those of the State Survey. On December 31, 1954, the following projects were being undertaken:
1) The geology and ground-water resources of Lee and Charlotte
counties, Florida.
2) Investigation of the ground-water resources of Brevard County,
Florida.
3) Investigation of the ground-water resources in southwestern Hillsborough County.
4) Investigation of the ground-water resources of Manatee County,
Florida.
5) Investigation of the ground-water resources of Indian River County,
Florida.
6) Investigation of the ground-water resources of Glades and Hendry
counties, Florida.
7) Investigation of the ground-water resources of the Foley area,
Taylor County, Florida.
8) Investigation of the ground-water resources of Volusia County,
Florida.
9) Investigation of the ground-water resources of Polk County, Florida.
10) Continuing studies of ground-water fluctuations.
Geologic studies being undertaken at end of biennium:
1) The Ocala group of Jackson age.
5) The geology of Jackson County.
3) The tabulation and description of Florida's mineral resources.
4) The geology of the Jim Woodruff dam site.
5) The geology of Jackson County.
6) The stratigraphy of Florida as determined by geologic studies of
rock cuttings taken from wells drilled in search of oil and water.
The results of these studies on geology and water resources will eventually be published as a portion of the regular editions issued by the Survey.




14 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
OIL EXPLORATION
Exploration for oil and gas in Florida continued actively during the biennium. The Pollard Field in Alabama stimulated activities in the western portion of Florida and the discovery of oil in the Forty-Mile Bend Field on the Tamiami Trail about 40 miles west of Miami accelerated exploration in that area. In 1954 there were 29 wells completed and seven were drilling on January 1, 1955. Two wells were completed as producers. The total footage drilled in 1953 was 211,089; in 1954 the footage was 198,127.
The Forty-Mile Bend Field. This new field is about 40 miles west of Miami on the Tamiami Trail. The Commonwealth Oil Company, et al., No. 1 M. B. Wiseheart-State Board of Education well was completed February 6, 1954, with an initial production of 76 barrels of oil per day, gravity 21.2 API at 600. The total depth of this well is 11,557 feet; the producing zone is the Sunniland at 11,322-11,339 feet. Total production during 1954 was 10,673 barrels of oil, or an average of about 32 barrels per day.
A second producer was brought in by the Gulf Oil Corporation, the No. 1 State of Florida-Lease 340 well, about 3 miles east of the discovery well. This well was completed April 5, 1954, at a total depth of 11,352 feet. The initial production was 112 barrels of oil per day, gravity 21.7 API at 60'. During 1954 this well produced 10,819 barrels of oil, or an average of about 40 barrels per day.
Additional tests in that immediate area have not been successful as commercial producers, although they have yielded encouraging shows.
The production from Florida's two fields, the Sunniland and the Forty-Mile Bend, is given in Table 1.




TABLE 1
SUMMARY OF OIL PRODUCTION (BARRELS)
B-Forty-Mile Bend Field,
Dade County
A-Sunniland Field, Collier County, September 26, 1943 December 31, 1954 January-December, 1954
Month 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1954 Janh '23 94108 5 1_ 3,9 1 1947 199 115 j 5 I 141 ___ __1 Jan. 2,108 ___ 3,899 7,464 25,149 37,695 32,095 47,845 52,331 45,375 46,067 54 Feb. 1,404 402 3,454 5,203 22,853 32,617 26,091 43,543 50,487 40,821 41,985 1,446 Mar. 1,100 581 2,982 18,795 25,688 38,880 31,963 48,613 51,708 46,609 47,930 1,296 Apr. 1,0541 403 4,151 16,362 23,597 42,859 31,136 49,990 52,385 43,673 38,357 3,289 May 1,1151 725 6,776 20,440 21,266 39,756 28,146 49,288 52,629 46,244 47,152 2,870 June 8221 4,110 7,676 31,065 24,092 39,956 47,649 49,823 49,520 43,260 42,695 2,421 July Discov. 1,123 5,700 6,450 31,395 25,543 44,070 46,740 54,499 47,352 46,912 45,740 2,297 Aug. Date 957 4,455 4,160 31,021 24,011 44,764, 50,578 50,294 49,863 48,020 t 46,403 1,169 Sept. 9/26/43 516 2,775 6,544 28,431 22,475 31,437 48,130 49,609 45,908 45,093 42,654 1,319 Oct. 648 609 2,976 22,445 27,003 28,634 45,715 51,725 46,350 45,529 42,941 2,144 Nov. 643 581 2,666 2,408 23,948 20,331 31,054 52,813 48,008 45,357 44,694 41,453 1,287 Dec. 2,741 449 2,717 8,3841 22,776 29,213 29,998 44,965 52,806 47,965 45,054 42,845 2,009
Total 1 4,032111,838127,5101 56,8841259,3451291,221 441,7201 486,021 596,043 591,855 541,284 526,2221 21,559 Cumu-I I
lative 4,032115,870 43,3801100,2641359,619 650,830 1,092,55011,578,571 2,174,614 2,766,469 3,307,753 3,833,975 21,559
* Last remaining flowing well placed on pump, twelve producing wells in the field-all on pump. Two wells pumping.
t Well No. 4, GCRC, depleted and plugged-11 wells in field, all on pump.
C0l




16 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS AND MAPPING
From the very beginning of the United States Geological Survey in 1879, it was evident that neither land classification nor conclusive geologic determinations could be made without accurate base maps. In order to make a systematic study of the geology and natural resources of the United States it was first necessary to make the maps and in 1882 the Topographic Division of the U. S. Geological Survey was organized. Since that time that division has been engaged in making a series of standard topographic maps to cover the entire United States. This monumental undertaking has received the support of many private organizations as well as other Federal and State agencies. The State of Florida is the only State in the United States that has not had a cooperative mapping program with the U. S. Geological Survey. A number of Federal agencies in addition to the U. S. Geological Survey are or have been engaged in the preparation of topographic maps, the most outstanding of these are the Coast and Geodetic Survey, The General Land Office, the Department of the Army, the Forest Service and the Tennessee Valley Authority. All of the topographic maps that have been prepared and published are now distributed by the United States Geological Survey.
The topographic maps so far completed of Florida cover an area equal to approximately 40 per cent of the State. Some of these were published before 1900, consequently they are far outof-date in regard to present day culture. These older maps were prepared under standards of accuracy that are far below those required by present day map users and makers. The portion of Florida that is either mapped or in progress of being mapped is illustrated in Figure 1. This illustration was prepared by the Topographic Division, U. S. Geological Survey, to show the status of topographic mapping in Florida as of April 1, 1955.




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 17
eT" 6 s-84, 03* e- ea*
3*
FLORIDA*
] Published Maps
Figure 1. Status of topographic mapping in Florida as of April 1, 1955. Prepared by the Topographic Division, U. S. Geological Survey.




18 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Standard topographic maps are issued for areas that are bounded by parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude. Such areas are called quadrangles and the quadrangle may be one degree; 30 minutes; 15 minutes; or 71/2 minutes of latitude and longitude. Some of the quadrangle maps of Florida are issued in the 15 minute series and others in the 71/ minute series. Each of the individual quadrangles has been named and Figure 2 is an index to these quadrangle names. The numbers have no significance and are useful only in locating the quadrangle or map name in the accompanying lists. Topographic maps are for sale by the U. S. Geological Survey and must be ordered by quadrangle name. Orders should be addressed to the Chief of Distribution, Geological Survey, Washington 25, D. C. The price is 20 cents per copy and payment by money order or check, payable to the Geological Survey, should accompany all orders.
Topographic maps may also be purchased from the following companies:
Fort Pierce:
Horton's, 122 North Second Street.
Gainesville:
Campus Shop & Book Store, University of Florida.
Jacksonville:
The H. & W. B. Drew Company.
The Nautical Supply Company, 15 North Newnan Street.
Tampa:
Poston Marine Supply Company, P. O. Box 425.
Many libraries maintain map reference facilities where the published maps of the Geological Survey may be consulted. In Florida, maps are deposited in the libraries listed below:
Gainesville:
The University Libraries, University of Florida.
Tallahassee:
The Library, Florida State University.
Florida Geological Survey.
Winter Park:
Mills Memorial Library, Rollins College.




-- 31'
o 12 -G E R G I"
s ---- -W ---
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o N M=,iwa, ln I AM# ILTOI
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8' 93 9 ~ 01 1,
870 08 109 80 0it m i. 4 81 DI ro. 'n,. .nnel
120 2 2 123 4 I L E v ;. _,~ ~ r. Q, ,,1. :
130 133 ol34- 3 O
INDEX TOePULanHE
0/
C..
. SUMTE SM
1 14
rooksvilles 1.- Orl
A 75 I
168E17 7 173
280 Cle wat
INDE X TO PUBLISHED ORANGE SEE 6
TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS QUA D RANGES__27. u, ..c1222 27 77
a7 et aePa
MAPS IN I5 SERIES 235 84' @ A
TEE
MAPS IN 7 SERIES
IM PPI O C O PLETED s P
250- 27' 22 222 7
FLORIDA 28 23 284 28 6
25 0 25 50 75 100 Miles *
Approximate Scale 291 292 MAP IN 7/' I I 4 4 4%




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 19
NUMERICAL FINDING LIST OF TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS
Numerical finding list to the names of quadrangles for which topographic maps have been published. The index numbers correspond to the 15 minute quadrangles that are shown on the map of Florida, Figure 2-facing page 18.
Name Series Date Name Series Date
1. Dyas ----- 15' 1942 C Redbay ...--------- 71/2' 1949
2. Century ----------15' 1941 D Millers Ferry -- 71/2' 1949
3. Jay --------------15' 1942 24.
4. Munson -----------15' 1948 A Poplar Head 71/' 1950
5. Crestview --------- 15' 1949 B Wausau-------- 71/2' 1950
6. Laurel Hill -------- 15' 1949 C Vernon--------- 72' 1950
7. Glendale ----------15' 1949 D Gap Pond 72' 1950
8. 25.
A Hobbs Cross A Alford--------- 7 1952
Roads---------- 71/2' 1949 B Kynesville 71/2' 1952
B Izagora .... 7,' 1949 C Compass Lake 7/2' 1952 C Prosperity 7 1949 D Alford SE - 71/2 1952
D Caryville------- 7 1949 26.
9. A Oakdale-------- 71/2' 1952 A Esto 7-----------71/2' 1950 B Cypress-------- 71/2' 1952
B Graceville------- 71/2' 1950 C Altha West -- 7 1952 C Bonifay 7---------7/' 1950 D Altha East 71/' 1952 D Chipley --------- 7 1950 38. Moniac -----------15' 1917
10. 39. Hilliard --------------15' 1917
A Campbellton 7 1952 40. St. Marys ---------15' 1917
B Sills 7----- 1952 41. Pernandina --------- 15' 1917
C Cottondale West 7 1952 42. Foley ------------15' 1941
D Cottondale East 7 1952 43. Ft. Barrancas 15' 1941 11. 44. Pensacola --------- 15' 1941
A Malone--------- 71/' 1952 45. Holley ........... 15' 1936
B Bascom ---------. 71/' 1952 46. Mary Esther ---- 15' 1935
C Marianna 7-------- /' 1952 47. Villa Tasso -------- 15' 1935
D Dellwood------- 71/2' 1952 48. Point Washington- 15' 1936 13. Folkston ----------15' 1917 49.
14. Boulogne ----------15' 1917 A Bruce---------- 7' 1944
15. Kingsland ------------15' 1917 B Red Head ------- 7 1944
16. Robertsdale -------- 15' 1941 C Seminole Hills 7 1943 17. Muscogee ---------- 15' 1941 D West Bay ..-- 7 1943
18. Milton ------------15' 1941 50.
19. Harold -----------15' 1934 A Crystal Lake 7 1944
20. Holt -------------15' 1934 B Bennett-------- 7 1944
21. Niceville ----------15' 1934 C Southport 71/2' 1943
22. DeFuniak Springs __ 15' 1935 D Bayhead-------- 7 1944 23. 51.
A Ponce de Leon 7 1948 A Fountain------- 7 1944 B Hinsons Cross B Juniper Creek 7 1944
Roads---------- 7 1949 C Youngstown 71/2' 1944




20 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Name Series Date Name Series Date
D Broad Branch-- 7 1944 73.
52. A Smith Creek 7 1944
A Clarksville -- 7 1944 B Bradwell Bay-_ 71/2' 1944
B Blountstown 7 1944 C Thousand Yard
C Frink ---------- 72' 1944 Bay ----------- 7%' 1944
D Estiffanulga 7%' 1944 D Sanborn _-------- 7 1944 53. 74. Arran ----------------15' 1940
A Bristol--------- 7 1944 83. Lawtey -----------15' 1917
B Hosford-------- 7 1944 84. Middleburg --------- 15' 1917
C Woods--------- 7 1944 A Fiftone --------- 7 1948
D Telogia --------- 7 1944 B Jacksonville
54. Lake Talquin ---- 15' 1943 Hts. 7%' 1948 55. Tallahassee --- 15' 1940 C Middleburg SW 7 1948 64. Macclenny .-------- 15' 1917 D Middleburg -- 7 1948
65. Cambon -----------15' 1917 85. Orange Park --- 15' 1917
66. Jacksonville ------- 15' 1917 86. Palm Valley ------- 15' 1917
A Trout River 7 1948 87.
B Eastport 7--------7 1948 B Crooked Island 7 1943
C Jacksonville 7 1948 88.
D Arlington 7 1948 A Beacon Hill -- 7 1943 67. Mayport ----------15' 1917 B Overstreet 7 1943
A Mayport-------- 71/2' 1948 C St. Joseph Point 7 1943 C Jacksonville D Port St. Joe 7 1943
Beach 7---------- 1948 89.
68. A White City -- 7/2' 1943
A Laguna Beach- 7 1943 B Forbes Island 7 1944 B Panama City C Lake Wimico 7 1944
Beach ---- 7 1943 D Jackson River- 7 1943 69. 90.
A Panama City 7 1943 A Fort Gadsden 7 1943
B Parker --------- 7 1944 B Tates Hell
C Beacon Beach_ 7 1943 Swamp ---------. 71/2' 1943 D Long Point -- 7 1943 C Beverly-------- 7 1943 70. D Green Point 7 1943
A North of Allan- 91.
ton 7/2' 1944 A Pickett Bay -- 7 1943
B Tenmile Swamp 7 1944 B McIntyre------- 7 1943 C Allanton-------- 7 1944 C Carrabelle 7 1943 D Wetappo Creek 7/2' 1944 D Dog Island -- 7 1944 71. 92.
A Dead Lake--- 7 1944 A St. Teresa -- 7 1943
B Orange .--------- 7 1944 B Lighthouse
C Wewahitchka 71/2' 1944 Point 7---------- 1943 D Kennedy Creek 7 1944 100. Starke ------------15' 1941
72. A Sampson 7-------7 1948
A Wilma ...--------- 7 1944 B Starke ------ 7 1948
B Queens Bay ... 7 1944 C Waldo ...----------7 1948
C Sumatra ........-------- 7/2' 1944 D Keystone
D Owens Bridge- 7 1944 Heights 7--------7 1948




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 21
Name Series Date Name Series Date
101. Ates Creek --------- 15' 1941 C Maytown ------- 71/2' 1950
A Kingsley------- 7/2' 1948 D Oak Hill ------- 7/2' 1949
B Penney Farms- 7 1948 149.
C Gold Head C Pardon Island. 71/' 1949
Branch--------- 7 1948 156
156.
D Rice Creek 7/z' 1948
B Geneva .....--------- 7 1953
102. Bostwick ----------15' 1941 C Oviedo SW --- 7/2' 1953
A Green Cove D Bithlo 7----------71/' 1953
Springs-------- 7 1948 157
157.
B Picolata-------- 7 1948
A Aurantia----7 1950
C Bostwick-------- 71/2' 1948 B Mims ----------7' 1949
D Riverdale 7%/' 1948 B Mm 7'14
D Riverdale-------7' 1948 C Titusville SW ---- 7 1953
103. St. Augustine -- 15' 1937 D Titusville-------7' 1949
D Titusville ...... 7%' 1949
104. (Included on margin of 103) 158. 105.
A St. Joseph Spit 7 1943 A Wilson --------- 7' 1949
B Cape San Blas 7' 194 B (Included on margin of A)
B Cape San Blas__ 7%' 1943
106. C Orsino 7---------- 1949
A Indian Pass .._. 7 1943 D False Cape 7 1949
B West Pass ---- 7 1943 163.
D Cape St. George 7 1943 B Windermere 7 1953 107. D Intercession
A Apalachicola 7 1943 City 7----------- 1953
B Goose Island 7 1949 164.
C New Inlet 7 1949 A Lake Jessamine 7 1953 108. B Pine Castle ... 7 1953
A Sugar Hill 7Y' 1944 C Kissimmee 7 1953 114. Arredondo .--------- 15' 1890 D St. Cloud North 7 1953
115. Hawthorn ---------15' 1944 165.
116. Interlachen --------- 15' 1942 A Narcoossee NW 7 1953
A Putnam Hall 71/2' 1948 B Narcoossee NE 7 1953 B Baywood-------- 7 1948 C Narcoossee ---- 7 1953
C Keuka--------- 7 1948 D Narcoossee SE 7 1953
D Rodman-------- 7 1948 166.
117. Palatka -----------15' 1912 A Lake Poinsett
118. Dinner Island -. 15' 1943 NW 7----------- 1953
119. Matanzas -----------15' 1943 B Sharpes-------- 7 1949
124. Williston --------- 15' 1893 C Lake Poinsett 125. Citra -------------15' 1893 SW 7------------ 1953
129. Ormond ----------15' 1943 D Lake Poinsett_ 7 1953
133. Dunnellon ---------- 15' 1890 167.
134. Ocala ------------15' 1892 A Courtenay 7 1949
139. Port Orange ------- 15' 1943 B Cape Canaveral 7 1949 142. Tsala Apopka -- 15' 1893 C Cocoa ---..--7 1949 143. Panasoffkee ------- 15' 1893 D Cocoa Beach.... 7 1949
148. 168.
A Edgewater -- 7 1950 B Tarpon Springs 7 1943 B Ariel ---.....-------- 7 1950 D Dunedin-------- 7 1943




22 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Name Series Date Name Series Date
169. 179.
A Elfers ...---------- 7 1943 A Safety Harbor- 7/2' 1943
B Odessa --------- 7 1943 B Gandy Bridge 71/' 1943 C Oldsmar 7 1943 C St. Petersburg 7 1943 D Citrus Park 7 1943 D Port Tampa -- 71' 1943 170. 180.
A Lutz .%-----------7 1942 A Tampa--------- 7 1943
B Wesley Chapel 7 1944 B Mango--------- 7 1943 C Sulphur Springs 7/2' 1944 C Gadsden Point 7 1943 D Thonotosassa __ 7 1943 D Balm ---------- 7' 1943 171. 182.
A Zephyrhills -- 7 1947 A Mulberry------- 7 1949 B Socrum --------- 7 1944 B Bartow--------- 7 1949
C Antioch-------- 7 1944 C Bradley JuncD Plant City 7 1944 tion ----------- 7 1949
172. D Homeland 7 1952
A Providence .. 7 1944 183.
B Polk City------- 7 1944 B Lake Wales 7 1952 C Lakeland-------- 7 1944 D Babson Park 7 1952
D Auburndale -- 7 1944 184.
173. A Hesperides 7 1952
B Davenport------ 7 1953 B Lake WeohyaD Dundee-------- 7 1953 kapka NE 7 1952 174. C Lake WeohyaA Lake Tohopeka- kapka 7----------7 1952
liga .------------ 71/' 1953 D Lake WeohyaB St. Cloud South 7 1953 kapka SE --- 7 1952
C Lake Hatchi- 185.
neha ...........----------- 7 1953 A Lake Marian
D Cypress Lake __ 7 1953 NW 7----------- 1953
175. B Lake Marian
A Ashton--------- 7 1953 NE ------------ 7 1953
B Holopaw 7 1953 C Lake Marian
C Holopaw SW 7 1953 SW ------------ 7 1953
D Holopaw SE 7 1953 D Lake Marian
176. SE 7------------ 1953
A Deer Park NW 7 1953 186.
B Deer Park NE__ 7 1953 A Kenansville 7 1953 C Deer Park 7 1953 B Kenansville NE 7 1953 D Deer Park SE__ 7 1953 C Kenansville SW 7 1953 177. D Kenansville SE 7 1953
A Eau Gallie 7 1949 187.
B Tropic ------------ 7 1949 A Fellsmere NW 7 1953
C Melbourne West 7 1949 B Grant 7---------- 1949 D Melbourne East 7 1949 C Fellsmere SW__ 7 1953 178. D Fellsmere 7 1949
B Clearwater ..... 7 1943 188.
D Bay Pines 7 1943 A Sebastian NW__ 7 1949




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 23
Name Series Date Name Series Date
C Sebastian 7 1949 B Riomar-------- 7 1948 189. C Oslo ----------- 7 1949
D Egmont Key 7 1944 D Indrio ---------- 7 1948
190. 200.
A Pass-A-Grille 7 1943 A Bradenton
B Cockroach Bay 71/2' 1944 Beach ----------- 7 1944
C Anna Maria 71/' 1944 B Bradenton 7 1944 D Ellenton-------- 7 1944 D Sarasota------- 71/2' 1944
191. 201.
A Ruskin--------- 7 1944 A Lorraine------- 7 1944
B Wimauma --- 7 1944 B Verna--------- 7 1944
C Parish--------- 7 1944 C Bee Ridge 7 1944 D Rye ----------- 7 1944 D Miakka 7 1944
194. 204.
B Frostproof -- 7 1953 B Crewsville 7 1953 D Avon Park 7 1953 D Crewsville SE- 7 1953 195. 205.
A Lake Arbuckle 7 1952 A Sebring -------- 7 1952 B Lake Arbuckle B Lorida--------- 7 1952
NE ------------ 71/2' 1952 C Lake June in
C Lake Arbuckle Winter ---------- 7 1953
SW ------------ 7 1952 D Lake Placid 7 1952
D Lake Arbuckle 206.
SE ------------- 71/2' 1952 A Basinger NW- 7 1953
196.. B Basinger ------- 7 1953
A Fort Kissimmee C Basinger SW 7 1953
NW ----------- 7 1952 D Fort Basinger 7 1953
B Fort Kissimmee 207.
NE 7----- 1953 A Taylor Creek
C Fort Kissimmee 7 1952 NW----- 71/' 1953
D Fort Kissimmee B Taylor Creek
SE 7------------ 1953 NE 7------------ 1953
197. C Taylor Creek
A Fort Drum NW 7 1953 SW ------------ 7 1953
B Fort Drum NE 7 1953 D Taylor Creek
C Fort Drum SW 7 1953 SE ------------ 7 1953
D Fort Drum -- 7 1953 208.
198. A Okeechobee 1
A Fellsmere 4 NW ----------- 7 1953
NW ----------- 7%' 1953 B Okeechobee 1
B Fellsmere 4 NE ------------ 7 1953
NE 7 1953 C Okeechobee 1
C Fellsmere 4 SW ---- ------- 7 1953
SW -------------- 7 1953 D Okeechobee 1
D Fellsmere 4 SE ------------- 7 1953
SE 7------------ 1953 209.
199. A Fort Pierce NW 71/2' 1949
A Vero Beach 7 1' 1949 B Fort Pierce ---- 7 1949




24 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Name Series Date Name Series Date
C Fort Pierce SW 7/2' 1953 C Delta 7----------7/2' 1945 D Ankona-------- 7 1948 D Riviera Beach_ 7Y2' 1946 210. 241.
C Eden _---------- 7/2' 1948 A Palm Beach
211. Farms--------- 71/2' 1946
B Bird Keys 71/2' 1944 B Palm Beach 7%' 1945 212. C Greenacres
S Laurel 7' 1942 City 7-----------7/2' 1945
A Laurel7' 1942 D Lake Worth -- 71/2' 1945
B Lower Myakka
Lake ...----------- 71/2' 1944 250.
C Venice .--------- 7 1944 A Delmar Farms 7/2' 1946 D Myakka River- 71/2' 1944 B Delray Beach- 7 1946 216. C West Dixie
21.Bend 7%' 1946
A Venus NW --- 71/2' 1953 Bend ----------7' 1946
B Childs----------7/2' 1953 D Boca Raton 71/' 1946
B Childs 7%/ 1953
217. 258.
' A Ft. Lauderdale
A Brighton NW__ 7 1953 A Ft. Lauderdale
B Brighton 7 1953 North----------7' 1945
C Brighton SW- 7' 1953 B Pompano Beach 7 1945
D Brighton SE 71/' 1953 C Ft. Lauderdale
South ---------- 7 1947
218. D Port Everglades 7 1945
A Okeechobee NW 7 1952
B Okeechobee ---- 7 1952 265.
B Opalocka .....7%' 1947 C Okeechobee SW 71/2' 1953
D Hialeah---- 7/2' 1947 219.
266.
A Okeechobee 4
NW ----------- 7' 1953 A North Miami 7 1947
B Okeechobee 4 B (Included on margin of A)
NE ------------ 7 1953 C Miami---------- 7' 1947
C Okeechoee 4 D (Included on margin of C)
C Okeechobee 4
SW ---- 71/2' 1953 271.
D Okeechoee 4 A South Miami
SE ---------------- 7 1953 NW -----------71/2' 1946
D O k e e c h o b e e 4 N _ _ ~ 7 1 4
SE 7%' 1953
B South Miami 7 1946 220. C Goulds 7 1946
A Indian Town D Perrine-------- 7 1946
NW ------------- 7 1953 272.
B Palm City 7 1948 A Key Biscayne- 7 1947 C Indian Town 7 1953 C Soldier Key 7 1947
D Indian Town 276.
SE --%------------7 1953 A Homestead -- 7 1947
221. B Arsenicker
A St. Lucie Inlet- 7 1948 Keys -----------71/' 1947
C Gomez--------- 7 1948 C Glades--------- 7 1947
D Hobe Sound 7 1948 D Card Sound 7 1947 231. 277.
A Rood 7----------7 1948 A Elliott Key -- 7 1947
B Jupiter ---------. 7 1948 C Pacific Reef--- 7/' 1947




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 25
Name Series Date Name Series Date
281. D Key West ----- 7 1943
A Blackwater 289.
Sound---------- 71/2' 1947 A Snipe Keys -- 71/2' 1943
B Garden Cove 71/2' 1947
C Rock Harbor 71/2' 1947 B Sugarloaf Key 7 1943
288. C Boca Chica 71/2' 1943
B Bay Keys --- 71/2' 1943 D Saddlebunch
C Cottrell Key 7 1943 Keys ..----------- 71/2' 1943




26 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
COUNTY FINDING LIST OF TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS
County listing of the names of quadrangles for which topographic maps have been published.
ALACHUA COUNTY 70. 100. Starke -----------15' 1941 A North of AllanA Sampson------- 71/2' 1948 ton ........------------ 7 1944
B Starke--------- 7 1948 B Tenmile Swamp 71/2' 1944 C Waldo--------- 7%' 1948 C Allanton 7--------71/2' 1944
D Keystone D Wetappo Creek 7/2' 1944
Heights---- 7 1948 87.
114. Arredondo -------- 15' 1890 B Crooked Island 7 1943 115. Hawthorn --------- 15' 1944 88.
124. Williston ---------15' 1893 A Beacon Hill 7 1943 125. Citra -----------------15' 1893 B Overstreet ----- 7 1943
C St. Joseph
BAKER COUNTY Point 7----------7 1943 38. Moniac ----------15' 1917 D Port St. Joe 7 1943
64. Macclenny --------- 15' 1917 83. Lawtey -----------15' 1917 BRADFORD COUNTY
BAY COUNTY 83. Lawtey -----------15' 1917
BAY CUT100. Starke .... -----------15' 1941
25.
A Alford--------- 7 1952 A Sampson------- 71/2' 1948
,B Starke 7%' 1948 B Kynesville --- 7 1952 B Starke---------7' 1948
,C Waldo 7%' 1948 C Compass Lake 7 1952 C Waldo----------7' 1948 D Alford SE -- 7%' 1952 D Keystone
49. Heights---- 7% 1948
A Bruce ----------7' 1944 115. Hawthorn --------- 15' 1944
B Red Head------ 7 1944 BREVARD COUNTY
C Seminole Hills- 7 1943 148.
D West Bay ---- 71/' 1943 A Edgewater -- 7 1950 50. B Ariel 7---------- 1950
A Crystal Lake 7 1944 C Maytown------- 7 1950 B Bennett-------- 7 1944 D Oak Hill------- 7 1949
C Southport 7 1943 149.
D Bayhead-------- 7 1944 C Pardon Island 7 1949 51. 156.
A Fountain------- 7 1944 B Geneva --------- 7 1953
B Juniper Creek- 7 1944 C Oviedo SW -- 7 1953 C Youngstown 71/' 1944 D Bithlo---------- 7 1953
D Broad Branch 7 1944 157.
68. A Aurantia------- 7 1950
A Laguna Beach 7 1943 B Mims 7---------- 1949 B Panama City C Titusville SW__ 7 1953
Beach 7 1943 D Titusville 7 1949 69. 158.
A Panama City_ 7 1943 A Wilson--------- 7 1949 B Parker--------- 7 1944 B (Included on margin of A) C Beacon Beach_ 7 1943 C Orsino 7---------7 1949 D Long Point 7 1943 D False Cape --- 7 1949




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 27
166. 265.
A Lake Poinsett B Opalocka 7-------7/2' 1947
NW -----------71/2' 1953 D Hialeah 7--------7/2' 1947
B Sharpes ....-------- 7 1949 266.
C Lake Poinsett A North Miami -- 7 1947
SW ------------71/2' 1953 B (Included on margin of A)
D Lake Poinsett 71/2' 1953 C Miami 7---------71/' 1947 167. D (Included on margin of C)
A Courtenay 71/2' 1949 CALHOUN COUNTY
B Cape Canaveral 7 1949 25.
C Cocoa---- 71/' 1949 A Alford --------- 7 1952
D Cocoa Beach 7 1949 B Kynesville 7 1952 176. C Compass Lake. 7 1952
A Deer Park NW 7 1953 D Alford SE 7 1952
B Deer Park NE 7 1953 26.
C Deer Park 7 1953 A Oakdale -------- 7 1952 D Deer Park SE 7 1953 B Cypress-------- 7 1952 177. C Altha West 7 1952
A Eau Gallie 7 1949 D Altha East 7 1952
B Tropic 7---------7 1949 51.
C Melbourne A Fountain------- 7 1944
West---------- 7 1949 B Juniper Creek 7 1944
D Melbourne C Youngstown ---- 7 1944
East ----------- 7 1949 D Broad Branch 7 1944
186. 52.
A Kenansville ... 7 1953 A Clarksville ..- 7 1944 B Kenansville NE 7 1953 B Blountstown --. 7 1944 C Kenansville SW 7 1953 C Frink--------- ....... 7 1944
D Kenansville SE 7 1953 D Estiffanulga -- 7 1944 187. 53.
A Fellsmere NW 7 1953 A Bristol--------- 7 1944 B Grant 7----------7 1949 B Hosford-------- 7 1944
C Fellsmere SW 7 1953 C Woods 7--------- 1944 D Fellsmere 7 1949 D Telogia 7--------7 1944 188. 70.
A Sebastian NW 7 1949 A North of AllanC Sebastian 7 1949 ton 7------------ 1944
BROWARD COUNTY B Tenmile Swamp 7 1944 250. C Allanton 7-------- 1944
A Delmar Farms 7 1946 D Wetappo Creek 7 1944
B Delray Beach 7 1946 71.
C West Dixie Bend 7 1946 A Dead Lake .. 7 1944 D Boca Raton ... 7 1946 B Orange----- 7 1944 258. C Wewahitchka 7 1944
A Ft. Lauderdale D Kennedy Creek 7 1944
N .......------------- 7 1945 CHARLOTTE COUNTY
B Pompano Beach 7 1945 212.
C Ft. Lauderdale A Laurel ---------... 7 1942
S -..- ...------------- 7 1947 B Lower Myakka
D Port Everglades 7 1945 Lake 7---------- 1944




28 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
C Venice --------- 71/2' 1944 271.
D Myakka River- 7 1944 A South Miami
NW ... -... 7 1946
CITRUS COUNTY B South Miami -- 71/2' 1946 133. Dunnellon .--------- 15' 1890 C Goulds---- 7 1946
142. Tsala Apopka -- 15' 1893 D Perrine-------- 7 1946
143. Panasoffkee ------- 15' 1893 272.
CLAY COUNTY A Key Biscayne 7 1947 83. Lawtey --------- 15' 1917 C Soldier Key -- 71/' 1947
84. Middleburg --------- 15' 1917 276.
A Fiftone --------- 7 1948 A Homestead -- 7 1947
B Jacksonville B Arsenicker
Hts.------------ 7 1948 Keys 7----------- 1947
C Middleburg C Glades--- 7%1/' 1947
SW 7------------ 1948 D Card Sound 7 1947
D Middleburg 7 1948 277.
85. Orange Park --- 15' 1917 A Elliott Key 71/' 1947 100. Starke -------------- 15' 1941 C Pacific Reef 7 1947
A Sampson------- 7 1948 281.
B Starke .--------- 7 1948 A Blackwater
C Waldo---------- 7 1948 Sound---------- 7 1947
D Keystone B Garden Cove-- 7 1947
Heights-------- 7 1948 C Rock Harbor -- 7 1947 101. Ates Creek ------- 15' 1941
A Kingsley--- 7% 1948 DESOTO COUNTY
B Penney Farms_ 71/2' 1948 204.
C Gold Head B Crewsville 7 1953
C Gold Head
Branch-------- 7 1948 D Crewsville SE_ 7 1953
D Rice Creek 71/' 1948 DUVAL COUNTY
102. Bostwick ..---------- 15' 1941 39. Hilliard ----------15' 1917
A Green Cove 40. St. Marys -------- 15' 1917
Springs --------7' 1948 41. Fernandina ------- 15' 1917
B Picolata---- 71' 1948 64. Macclenny--------15' 1917
C Bostwick------- 7 1948 65. Cambon--------- 15' 1917
D Riverdale 7%' 1948 66. Jacksonville ------- 15' 1917 115. Hawthorn --------- 15' 1944 A Trout River 7 1948
116. Interlachen ------- 15' 1942 B Eastport------- 7/2' 1948
A Putnam Hall __ 7 1948 C Jacksonville 7 1948 B Baywood -------7' 1948 D Arlington 7 1948 C Keuka 7 1948 67. Mayport ..---------- 15' 1917
D Rodman --------7' 1948 A Mayport-------- 7 1948
DADE COUNTY C Jacksonville 265. Beach------ 7 1948
B Opalocka------- 7 1947 83. Lawtey -----------15' 1917
D Hialeah-------- 7 1947 84. Middleburg -------- 15' 1917
266. A Fiftone-------- 7 1948
A North Miami -_ 7 1947 B Jacksonville
B (Included on margin of A) Hts. ------------ 7 1948
C Miami --------- 7 1947 C Middleburg SW 7 1948 D (Included on margin of C) D Middleburg --- 71/' 1948




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 29
85. Orange Park ...- 15' 1917 B McIntyre 7/2' 1943 86. Palm Valley ....- 15' 1917 C Carrabelle 72' 1943 D Dog Island ....71/2' 1944
ESCAMBIA COUNTY 92. D Dog Island 7' 1944
1. Dyas ........------------- 15' 1942 A St. Teresa ..- 72' 1943
2. Century ....---------- 15' 1941 B Lighthouse Point 7 1943
3. Jay ...--------------- 15' 1942 106.
16. Robertsdale ------- 15' 1941 A Indian Pass .. 71/2' 1943
17. Muscogee -----------15' 1941 B West Pass .......- 71/2' 1943
18. Milton -----------15' 1941 D Cape St. George 7%' 1943
42. Foley ------------- 15' 1941 107.
43. Ft. Barrancas -- 15' 1941 A Apalachicola .. 7 1943 44. Pensacola -------- 15' 1941 B Goose Island -- 7/' 1949
45. Holley ......----------- 15' 1936 C New Inlet ...------ 7 1949
FLAGLER COUNTY 108. 117. Palatka -----------15' 1912 A Sugar Hill .. 7/2' 1944
118. Dinner Island -- 15' 1943 119. Matanzas ---------15' 1943 GADSDEN COUNTY 129. Ormond ----------15' 1943 53.
A Bristol --------- 7' 1944
FRANKLIN COUNTY B Hosford---- 71/' 1944 71. C Woods ---------- 7 1944
A Dead Lake -- 7 1944 D Telogia ---------- 7 1944
B Orange ..--------- 7 1944 54. Lake Talquin --- 15' 1943
C Wewahitchka 7 1944 55. Tallahassee --------- 15' 1940
D Kennedy Creek 7 1944 GLADES COUNTY
72. GLADES COUNTY 72.
216
A Wilma 7--------- 1944 A Venus NW- 7' 1953
B Queens Bay -- 7 '- 1944 B Childs ----------7 1953
,B Childs .. 7%' 1953 C Sumatra -------- 1944 217
217.
D Owens Bridge- 7 1944 A Brighton NW 7' 1953
73. A Brighton NW 7%' 1953 B Brighton--------...7 1953
A Smith Creek 7 1944 B Brighton S 7' 1953 B Bradwell Bay 71/' 1944 C Brighton SW 7' 1953 C Thousand Yard D Brighton SE ...... 7%' 1953
C Thousand Yard
218.
Bay ----------- 7 1944 A Okeechobee NW 7' 1952
D Sanborn --------7' 1944 BA Okeechobee NW 7 1952 74. Arran ------------ 15' 1940 CB Okeechobee SW 7 1952
89. C Okeechobee SW 7' 1953
A White City --- 7 1943 GULF COUNTY
B Forbes Island 7 1944 70.
C Lake Wimico -- 7/2' 1944 A North of AllanD Jackson River- 7 1943 ton -- ---.- 7 1944 90. B Tenmile Swamp 72' 1944
A Fort Gadsden_ 7 1943 C Allanton ---- 7 1944 B Tates Hell D Wetappo Creek- 7 1944
Swamp--------- 7 1943 71.
C Beverly 7--------7 1943 A Dead Lake ------- 7 1944
D Green Point 7 1943 B Orange ------- -- 7%' 1944 91. C Wewahitchka 7 1944
A Pickett Bay 7 1943 D Kennedy Creek-- 7 1944




30 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
88. A Beacon Hill 71/2' 1943 B Lorida ----------- 71/2' 1952
B Overstreet ... 7 %' 1943 C Lake June in
C St. Joseph Winter 7--------- 71/2' 1953
Point .----------- 7 1943 D Lake Placid -- 71/2' 1952
D Port St. Joe 7/2' 1943 206.
89. A Basinger NW -- 7 1953 A White City 71' 1943 B Basinger-------- 72' 1953 B Forbes Island -- 71/2' 1944 C Basinger SW 7 1953 C Lake Wimico 7/2' 1944 D Fort Basinger-- 71/2' 1953
D Jackson River 71' 1943 207.
105. A Taylor Creek
A St. Joseph Spit 7 1943 NW --------------------7 1953
B Cape San Blas. 7 1943 B Taylor Creek
106. NE .--------------- 7 1953
A Indian Pass 7 1943 C Taylor Creek
B West Pass -- 7 1943 SW 7------------ 1953
D Cape St. George 7 1943 D Taylor Creek
SE--------- 7 1953
HARDEE COUNTY 216. 194. A Venus NW 7 1953
B Frostproof 7 1953 B Childs ---------- 7 1953
D Avon Park 7 1953 217.
204. A Brighton NW -- 7 1953
B Crewsville 71/' 1953 B Brighton ..... 7 1953 D Crewsville SE -- 7 1953 C Brighton SW... 7 1953 D Brighton SE-....7 1953
HIGHLANDS COUNTY 218. D Brighton SE 7' 1953 194. A Okeechobee NW 7 1952
B Frostproof --- 7 1953 B Okeechobee ... 7 1952 D Avon Park 7 1953 C Okeechobee SW 7 1953 195.
A Lake Arbuckle- 7 1952 HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY
B Lake Arbuckle 169.
NE ----- 7 1952 A Elfers ---------- 7 1943
C Lake Arbuckle B Odessa --------- 7 1943
SW 7------- 1952 C Oldsmar-------- 7 1943
D Lake Arbuckle D Citrus Park -- 7 1943
SE 7----- 1952 170.
196. A Lutz 7-----------7 1942
A Fort Kissimmee B Wesley ChapeL 7 1944
NW --.......... 7 1952 C Sulphur Springs 7 1944
B Fort Kissimmee D Thonotosassa __ 7 1943
NE .----------- 7 1953 171.
C Fort Kissimmee 7 1952 A Zephyrhills -- 7 1947 D Fort Kissimmee B Socrum ......--------- 7 1944
SE 7----- 1953 C Antioch ---------- 7 1944
204. D Plant City ..- 7 1944
B Crewsville -----7 1953 179.
D Crewsville SE 7 1953 A Safety Harbor- 7 1943 205. B Gandy Bridge.. 7 1943
A Sebhring-------- 7 1952 C St. Petersburg-. 7 1943




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 31
D Port Tampa -- 72' 1943 B Grant--- 7 1949 180. C Fellsmere SW -- 7 1953
A Tampa--------- 71/2' 1943 D Fellsmere _------- 7/' 1949
B Mango ----------- 7%' 1943 188.
C Gadsden Point... 7 1943 A Sebastian NW- 7 1949 D Balm ----------- 71/2' 1943 C Sebastian------- 7 1949
190. 197.
A Pass-A-Grille 71/2' 1943 A Fort Drum NW 7 1953 B Cockroach Bay 7/2' 1944 B Fort Drum NE 7 1953 C Anna Maria -- 7 1944 C Fort Drum SW 7%1/' 1953 D Ellenton-------- 7 1944 D Fort Drum _.... 7 1953
191. 198.
A Ruskin--------- 7 1944 A Fellsmere 4 NW 7 1953 B Wimauma------- 7 1944 B Fellsmere 4 NE 7 1953 C Parish ..---------- 7 1944 C Fellsmere 4 SW 7 1953
D Rye ------------ 7 1944 D Fellsmere 4 SE 7 1953
HOLMES COUNTY 199.
7A Vero Beach-....7 1949 7. Glendale 15' 1949 B Riomar--------- 7' 1948 8.B Riomar 7' 1948 A Hobbs Cross C Oslo -----------7' 1949
Roads--- 7' 1949 D Indrio ---------- 7 1948
B Izagora ....--------- 7 1949 JACKSON COUNTY
C Prosperity 7 1949 9.
D Caryville------- 7 1949 A Esto ----------- 7 1950
9. B Graceville------- 7 1950 A Esto 7----------- 1950 C Bonifay-------- 7 1950
B Graceville 7 1950 D Chipley-------- 7 1950
C Bonifay ---------- 7 1950 10.
D Chipley .--------- 7 1950 A Campbellton 7 1952
22. DeFuniak Springs- 15' 1935 B Sills ----------- 7 1952
23. C Cottondale West 7Y' 1952
A Ponce de Leon- 7 1948 D Cottondale East 7 1952
B Hinsons Cross 11.
Roads 7 1949 A Malone------- -- 7 1952
C Red Bay ...... 7 1949 B Bascom--------- 7 1952
D Millers Ferry 7 1949 C Marianna------- 7 1952 24. D Dellwood------- 7 1952
A Poplar Head 7 1950 25.
B Wausau --------- 7 1950 A Alford--------- 7 1952
C Vernon--------- 7 1950 B Kynesville 7 1952 D Gap Pond------- 7 1950 C Compass Lake -- 7 1952 D Alford SE ----7 /' 1952
INDIAN RIVER COUNTY 26. D Alford SE 7' 1952 186. A Oakdale-------- 7 1952
A Kenansville 7 1953 B Cypress ---------- 7 1952 B Kenansville NE 7 1953 C Altha West 7 1952 C Kenansville SW 7 1953 D Altha East -- 7 1952
D Kenansville SE-- 7 1953
187. LEON COUNTY
A Fellsmere NW__ 7 195 54. Lake Talquin --.... 15' 1943




32 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
55. Tallahassee -------------- 15' 1940 200.
A Bradenton
LEVY COUNTY Beach - 7%' 1944 124. Williston .................. 15' 1893 B Bradenton -------- 71/2' 1944
LIBERTY COUNTY 201. D Sarasota 7%' 1944 52. A Lorraine ------------ 7%' 1944
A Clarksville ------ 7%' 1944 B Verna - 7%' 1944 B Blountstown ------ 71/' 1944 C Bee Ridge -------- 7%' 1944
C Frink ................. 7%1/' 1944 D Miakka ------------ 7%' 1944
D Estiffanulga ---- 7%' 1944 212.
53. A Laurel 7%' 1942 A Bristol 7%' 1944 B Lower Myakka
B Hosford ------------ 7%' 1944 Lake --------- 7%' 1944
C W oods ---------------- 7%' 1944 C Venice ---- --------- 7%' 1944
D Telogia -------------- 7%' 1944 D Myakka River-_ 7%' 1944
54. Lake Talquin ------------ 15' 1943
71. MARION COUNTY A Dead Lake -------- 7%' 1944 116. Interlachen .------- 15' 1942
B Orange 71/2' 1944 A Putnam Hall ------ 71' 1948 C Wewahitchka ---- 7%' 1944 B Baywood ------------ 7%' 1948
D Kennedy Creek-- 7%' 1944 C Keuka 7%' 1948 72. D Rodman 7%' 1948 A W ilm a ---------------- 7% 1944 124. W illiston ------------------ 15' 1893
B Queens Bay -------- 7%' 1944 125. Citra 15' 1893 C Sumatra ........... 7% 1944 133. Dunnellon 15' 1890
D Owens Bridge ---- 7%' 1944 134. Ocala .------- ..... 15' 1892
73. 142. Tsala Apopka ---------- 15' 1893
A Sm ith C reek ...... 7% 1944 143. P anasoff kee ........... 15' 1893
B Bradwell Bay ---- 7%' 1944 MARTIN COUNTY
C Thousand Yard 209.
Bay ..........-------- 7%' 1944 A Fort Pierce NW 7%' 1949
D Sanborn _-- 7%' 1944 B Fort Pierce ...... 7%' 1949 89. C Fort Pierce SW 7%' 1953 A White City -------- 7%' 1943 D Ankona ............. 7%' 1948
B Forbes Island ---- 7%' 1944 210.
C Lake Wimico ------ 7%' 1944 C Eden -------.----- 7/2' 1948
D Jackson River ---- 7%' 1943 219.
A Okeechobee 4
MANATEE COUNTY NW ---- 7%' 1953 190. B Okeechobee 4
A Pass-A-Grille -_ 7%' 1943 NE .....---...... 7%' 1953
B Cockroach Bay-- 7%' 1944 C Okeechobee 4
C Anna Maria -------- 7% 1944 SW -------------------- 7%' 1953
D Ellenton ........... 7 1944 D Okeechobee 4
191. SE ----- 7%' 1953
A Ruskin - 7%' 1944 220.
B Wimauma ---------- 7Y' 1944 A Indian Town NW 7%' 1953 C Parish ---------------- 7%' 1944 B Palm City ......... 7%' 1948
D Rye ................. 7%' 1944 C Indian Town- .... 7%' 1953




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 33
D Indian Town SE 7 1953 45. Holley -. ------------15' 1936
221. 46. Mary Esther ------- 15' 1935
A St. Lucie Inlet- 71/2' 1948 47. Villa Tasso --------- 15' 1935
C Gomez ---------- 71/2' 1948
D Hobe Sound 7'1/2 1948 OKEECHOBEE COUNTY 231. 196.
A Rood _------------ 7/2' 1948 A Fort Kissimmee
B Jupiter--------- 71/2' 1948 NW -----------7 1952
C Delta ----------- 71/2' 1945 B Fort Kissimmee
D Riviera Beach 71/2' 1946 NE -------- 7 1953 C Fort Kissimmee 71/2' 1952
MONROE COUNTY D Fort Kissimmee 276. SE ------ 71/2' 1953
A Homestead 7 1947 197.
B Arsenicker Keys 71/2' 1947 A Fort Drum NW 71/2' 1953 C Glades .---------- 71/2' 1947 B Fort Drum NE 7 1953
D Card Sound -- 71/2' 1947 C Fort Drum SW 71/' 1953 281. D Fort Drum .- 7 1953
A Blackwater 198.
Sound ----------71/' 1947 A Fellsmere 4 NW 7 1953
B Garden Cove 71/' 1947 B Fellsmere 4 NE 7 1953 C Rock Harbor 71/' 1947 C Fellsmere 4 SW 7 1953 288. D Fellsmere 4 SE 71/2' 1953
B Bay Keys------- 7/' 1943 206.
C Cottrell Key 71/' 1943 A Basinger NW -- 71/' 1953 D Key West------ 71/' 1943 B Basinger--- 71/' 1953 289. C Basinger SW 71/' 1953
A Snipe Keys 71/2' 1943 D Fort Basinger 71/2' 1953
B Sugarloaf Key- 71/' 1943 207.
C Boca Chica -- 7 1943 A Taylor Creek
D Saddlebunch NW 7-----------71/' 1953
Keys ----------- 7 1943 B Taylor Creek
NE 7----- 1953
NASSAU COUNTY C Taylor Creek 13. Folkston -------------15' 1917 SW -------------- 7 1953
14. Boulogne ----------15' 1917 D Taylor Creek
15. Kingsland -----------15' 1917 SE ....------------7 1953
38. Moniac -----------15' 1917 208.
39. Hilliard .------------ 15' 1917 A Okeechobee 1
40. St. Marys ---------15' 1917 NW ----------- 7 1953
41. Fernandina --------- 15' 1917 B Okeechobee 1 64. Macclenny -----------15' 1917 NE -------------- 7 1953
65. Cambon -----------15' 1917 C Okeechobee 1
SW ------------ 7 1953
OKALOOSA COUNTY D Okeechobee 1
4. Munson -----------15' 1948 SE ............------------ 7 1953
5. Crestview ---------- 15' 1949 209.
6. Laurel Hill --------- 15' 1949 C Fort Pierce SW 7 1953 19. Harold -----------15' 1934 218.
20. Holt ------------------15' 1934 A Okeechobee NW 7 1952
21. Niceville -------------15' 1934 B Okeechobee --- 71' 1952




34 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
C Okeechobee SW 7/2' 1953 C Kissimmee ...- 7/2' 1958 219. D St. Cloud North 71/' 1953
A Okeechobee 4 165.
NW 7-----------71/' 1953 A Narcoossee NW 71/2' 1953
B Okeechobee 4 B Narcoossee NE 71/2' 1953
NE ------------ 71/2' 1953 C Narcoossee -- 7 1953
C Okeechobee 4 D Narcoossee SE 7Y2' 1953
SW ------------ 7 1953 166.
D Okeechobee 4 A Lake Poinsett
SE ----- 7 1/2' 1953 NW 7-----------71/2' 1953
ORANGE COUNTY B Sharpes 7--------7 1949 C Lake Poinsett
156. SW 7------------ 1953
B Geneva --------7' 1953 D Lake Poinsett_ 7 1953
C Oviedo SW 7 1953
D Bithlo---------- 7 1953 173.
157. B Davenport .. 7 1953
A Aurantia-- 71/' 1950 D Dundee 7--------7 1953
B Mims---------- 7 1949 174.
C Tituisville SW- 7 1953 A Lake TohopekaD Titusville---- 7 1949 liga 7-----------71/' 1953
163. B St. Cloud South 7 1953
B Windermere 7 1953 C Lake HatchiD Intercession neha 7----------- 1953
City ----------- 7 1953 D Cypress Lake __ 7 1953
164. 175.
A Lake Jessamine 7 1953 A Ashton ---------- 7 1953 B Pine Castle 7 1953 B Holopaw-------- 7 1953 C Kissimmee --- 7 1953 C Holopaw SW 7 1953 D St. Cloud North 7 1953 D Holopaw SE 7 1953 165. 176.
A Narcoossee NW 7 1953 A Deer Park NW 71/2' 1953 B Narcoossee NE 7 1953 B Deer Park NE 7 1953 C Narcoossee 7 1953 C Deer Park ...- 7 1953 D Narcoossee SE_ 7 1953 D Deer Park SE__ 7 1953 166. 184.
A Lake Poinsett A Hesperides -- 7 1952
NW 7------------ 1953 B Lake WeohyaB Sharpes ......-------- 7 1949 kapka NE 7 1952
C Lake Poinsett C Lake WeohyaSW 7------------ 1953 kapka 7----------7 1952
D Lake Poinsett -- 7 1953 D Lake Weohyakapka SE -- 7 1952
OSCEOLA COUNTY 185. 163. A Lake Marian
B Windermere 7 1953 NW 7-----------7 1953
D Intercession City 7 1953 B Lake Marian
164. NE 7------------ 1953
A Lake Jessamine 7 1953 C Lake Marian
B Pine Castle ... 7 1953 SW -%------------7 1953




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 35
D Lake Marian C Oldsmar-------- 71/2' 1943
SE 7------------71/2' 1953 D Citrus Park 7 1943
186. 170.
A Kenansville -- 7 1953 A Lutz----------- 7 1942
B Kenansville NE 7 1953 B Wesley Chapel 7 1944
C Kenansville SW 7 1953 C Sulphur
D Kenansville SE_ 7 1953 Springs 7--------7 1944 196. D Thonotosassa 71/2' 1943
A Fort Kissimmee 171.
NW -%-----------7 1952 A Zephyrhills -- 7 1947
B Fort Kissimmee B Socrum ---------- 7 1944
NE 7------------ 1953 C Antioch 7 1944
C Fort Kissimmee 7 1952 D Plant City -- 7 1944
D Fort Kissimmee
SE------------7 1953 PINELLAS COUNTY
197. 168.
197 A Fo u 71' 1953 1 B Tarpon Springs 7 1943
A Fort Drum NW 7 1953 D Dunedin-------- 7' 1943
B Fort DrumNE 72' 1953
C Fort Drum SW 71/2' 1953 169.
A Elfers 7 1943
D Fort Drum -- 7 1953 B Odessa---------7' 1943
B Odessa ........7%' 1943
PALM BEACH COUNTY C Oldsmar-------- 71/' 1943 231. D Citrus Park 7 1943
A Rood ------------- 7 1948 178.
B Jupiter--------- 7 1948 B Clearwater -- 71/2' 1943
C Delta 7%.-----------7 1945 D Bay Pines -- 7 1943
D Riviera Beach -- 7 1946 179.
241. A Safety Harbor 7 1943
A Palm Beach B Gandy Bridge 7 1943
Farms--------- 7 1946 C St. Petersburg 7 1943
B Palm Beach 7 1945 D Port Tampa 7 1943
C Greenacres City 7 1945 189.
D Lake Worth 7 1945 D Egmont Key 7 1944 250. 190.
A Delmar Farms 7 1946 A Pass-A-Grille 7 1943 B Delray Beach -- 7 1946 B Cockroach Bay- 7 1944 C West Dixie Bend 7 1946 C Anna Maria ..- 71/' 1944 D Boca Raton 7 1946 D Ellenton-------- 7 1944
PASCO COUNTY POLK COUNTY 158. 163.
A Wilson---- 71/' 1949 B Windermere 71/' 1953 B (Included on margin of A) D Intercession City 7 1953
C Orsino 7---------7 1949 171.
D False Cape .- 71/' 1949 A Zephyrhills -- 7 1947 168. B Socrum--------- 7 1944
B Tarpon Springs 7 1943 C Antioch-------- 7 1944 D Dunedin 7--------7 1943 D Plant City 71/2' 1944 169. 172.
A Elfers--------- 7 1943 A Providence -- 7 1944
B Odessa--------- 7 1943 B Polk City ..- 71/' 1944




36 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
C Lakeland ------- 7 1944 NW ----------- 7 1952
D Auburndale 7 1944 B Fort Kissimmee
173. NE 7------------71/2' 1953
B Davenport 7 1953 C Fort Kissimmee 7 1952
D Dundee--------- 7 1953 D Fort Kissimmee
174. SE 7------------ 1953
A Lake Tohopekaliga ------------ 7 1953 PUTNAM COUNTY
B St. Cloud South 7 1953 101. Ates Creek .--------- 15' 1941
C Lake Hatchi- A Kingsley 7-------7 1948
neha 7-----------7 1953 B Penney Farms_ 7 1948
D Cypress Lake _7 1953 C Gold Head
182. Branch--------- 7 1948
A Mulberry------- 7 1949 D Rice Creek -- 71/' 1948 B Bartow--------- 7 1949 102. Bostwick --------- 15' 1941
C Bradley Junction 7 1949 A Green Cove
D Homeland 7 1952 Springs-------- 7 1948 183. B Picolata-------- 7 1948
B Lake Wales 7 1952 C Bostwick------- 7 1948 D Babson Park __ 7 1952 D Riverdale------- 7 1948 184. 115. Hawthorn --------- 15' 1944
A Hesperides --7 1952 116. Interlachen --------- 15' 1942
B Lake Weohya- A Putnam Hall 7 1948
kapka NE ----- 7 1952 B Baywood-------- 7 1948
C Lake Weohya- C Keuka---------- 7 1948
kapka 7-------- 7 1952 D Rodman-------- 7 1948
D Lake Weohya- 117. Palatka --------- 15' 1912
kapka SE 7 1952 125. Citra -------------15' 1893
185.
A Lake Marian ST. JOHNS COUNTY
A Lake Marian
NW ----------- 7 1953 67. Mayport ----------15' 1917
B Lake Marian A Mayport-------- 7 1948
NE 7------------ 1953 C Jacksonville Bch. 7 1948
C Lake Marian 85. Orange Park --- 15' 1917
SW ------------ 7 1953 86. Palm Valley -- 15' 1917
D Lake Marian 102. Bostwick .--------- 15' 1941
SE ------------ 7 1953 A Green Cove
Springs-------- 7 1948
194. B Picolata-------- 7 1948 B Frostproof -- 7 1953 C Bostwick ..------- 7 1948
D Avon Park 7 1953 D Riverdale------- 7 1948 195. 103. St. Augustine -- 15' 1937
A Lake Arbuckle 7 1952 117. Palatka -----------15' 1912
B Lake Arbuckle 118. Dinner Island -- 15' 1943
NE 7------------ 1952 119. Matanzas ---------15' 1943
C Lake Arbuckle
SW --------------- 7 1952 ST. LUCIE COUNTY
D Lake Arbuckle 198.
SE ,----------- 7 1952 A Fellsmere4NW 7 1953
196. B Fellsmere 4 NE 7 1953
A Fort Kissimmee C Fellsmere 4 SW 7 1953




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 37
D Fellsmere 4 SE 7 1953 D Sarasota --------. 7 1944 199. 201.
A Vero Beach -- 71/2' 1949 A Lorraine --------. 7Y2' 1944
B Riomar--------- 7 1948 B Verna---------- 7 1944
C Oslo ----------- 71/2' 1949 C Bee Ridge --- 7 1944
D Indrio---------- 7 1948 D Miakka --------- 7 1944
208. 211.
A Okeechobee 1 B Bird Keys -- 71/2' 1944
NW ----------- 7 1953 212.
B Okeechobee 1 A Laurel ....--------- 7 1942
NE 7------------ 1953 B Lower Myakka
C Okeechobee 1 Lake 7-----------7 1944
SW ------------ 7 1953 C Venice 7---------7 1944
D Okeechobee 1 D Myakka River 7 1944
SE-------7 1953
209. SE 7' 1953 SEMINOLE COUNTY
A Fort Pierce NW 7 1949 156.
B Fort Pierce -- 7 1949 B Geneva .... ------ 7 1953
C Fort Pierce SW 7 1953 C Oviedo SW ... 7 1953 D Ankona-------- 7 1948 D Bithlo- 7 1953 210. 157.
C Eden 7----------- 1948 A Aurantia------- 7 1950
219. B Mims---------- 7 1949
A Okeechobee 4 C Titusville SW_ 7 1953
NW 7'-----------7 1953 D Titusville 7 1949
B Okeechobee 4
NE 7------------ 1953 SUMTER COUNTY
C Okeechobee 4 142. Tsala Apopka --- 15' 1893
SW ------------ 7 1953 143. Panasoffkee ------- 15' 1893
D Okeechobee 4
SE --------------7 1953 UNION COUNTY
220. 83. Lawtey -- ------- 15' 1917
A Indian Town NW 7 1953 WAKULLA COUNTY
B Palm City --- 7 1948 W L CUN
C Indian Town -_- 7 1953 54. Lake Talquin 15' 1943 D Indian Town SE 7 1953 55. Tallahassee ------- 15' 1940 73.
SANTA ROSA COUNTY A Smith Creek 7 1944
2. Century ----------15' 1941 B Bradwell Bay 7 1944
3. Jay -------------------15' 1942 C Thousand Yard
4. Munson -----------15' 1948 Bay ------------ 7 1944
17. Muscogee ---------15' 1941 D Sanborn-------- 71/' 1944
18. Milton -------------- 15' 1941 74. Arran --------------- 15' 1940
19. Harold ----------- 15' 1934 91.
44. Pensacola --------- 15' 1941 A Pickett Bay 7 1943
45. Holley .------------- 15' 1936 B McIntyre ------- 7 1943
SARASOTA COUNTY C Carrabelle------ 7 1943 200. D Dog Island -- 7 1944
A Bradenton 92.
Beach 7----------7 1944 A St. Teresa- ..... 7 1943
B Bradenton -- 7 1944 B Lighthouse Point 7 1943




38 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
VOLUSIA COUNTY 9. 129. Ormond ------------- 15' 1943 A Esto----------- 7 1950
139. Port Orange --- 15' 1943 B Graceville 7 1950 148. C Bonifay --------- 7 1950
A Edgewater -- 7 1950 D Chipley --------- 7 1950
B Ariel ---------- 7/2' 1950 10.
C Maytown------- 7 1950 A Campbellton 7/' 1952 D Oak Hill------- 7 1949 B Sills 7-----------71/' 1952
156. C Cottondale West 7 1952
B Geneva --------- 71/' 1953 D Cottondale East 7/' 1952
C Oviedo SW -- 7 1953 23.
D Bithlo ---------- 7 1953 A Ponce de Leon 7 1948 157. B Hinsons Cross A Aurantia ------- 7 1950 Roads ---------- 7 1949
B Mims 7 1949 C Red Bay------- 7 1949 C Titusville SW_ 7/2' 1953 D Millers Ferry_ 7 1949
D Titusville ----- 7 1949
24.
WALTON COUNTY A Poplar Head 7 1950
6. Laurel Hill .------- 15' 1949 B Wausau --------- 7 1950
7. Glendale ----------15' 1949 C Vernon-- 7 1950
21. Niceville ----------15' 1934 D Gap Pond ---. 7 1950
22. DeFuniak Springs- 15' 1935 25. 23. A Alford --%---------7 1952
A Ponce de Leon 7 1948 B Kynesville 71/2' 1952 B Hinsons Cross C Compass Lake 7 1952
Roads - 7 1949 D Alford SE---- 7 1952
C Red Bay ...... 7 1949
D Millers Ferry 7 1949 49.
47. Villa Tasso .------- 15' 1935 A Bruce ---------- 7 1944
48. Point Washington 15' 1936 B Red Head ---- 7 1944 49. C Seminole Hills 7 1943 A Bruce 7 1944 D West Bay 71/' 1943
B Red Head 71/2' 1944 50.
C Seminole Hills 7 1943 A Crystal Lake 7 1944 D West Bay 7 1943 B Bennett-------- 7 1944
WASHINGTON COUNTY C Southport 7 1943
8. H bD Bayhead 7--------7 1944
A Hobbs Cross 51.
Roads 7----------7 1949 A Fountain .------- 7 1944
B Izagora -------- 7 1949 B Juniper Creek_ 7 1944 C Prosperity 7 1949 C Youngstown ---- 7 1944 D Caryville------- 7 1949 D Broad Branch. 71/2' 1944




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 39
FLORIDA MINERAL INDUSTRY DURING 1952 and 1953 Statistics Collected in Cooperation with the U. S. Bureau of Mines
The development and diversification of the mineral industry in Florida are dependent upon the utilization of materials ordinarily classified as nonmetallic minerals. The foremost mineral products of the State are phosphate, limestone, sand and gravel, fuller's earth, kaolin, cement, heavy minerals including ilmenite, rutile, zircon and monazite, petroleum, peat, and abundant supplies of ground water.
Value of Production
The value of Florida production of minerals and rock materials increased between the year 1940 and 1953, from less than $15 million to over $91 million, a rise of 516 per cent. The rate of increase in Florida value was well above that of the national average. From 1932 through 1945, the average annual increase in value amounted to $1,400,000; from 1945 through 1953, there has been an annual increase of $8,400,000.
The remarkable expansion shown in Table 2 was made possible through an increase in the quantity and value of all mineral and rock products produced. For the year 1940, Florida ranked thirtyfifth among the states in the value of minerals produced. By 1947, Florida's rank among the states in value of mineral products had increased to twenty-eight, and this position has been maintained through 1951. For comparison with the rank of other states in the southeastern United States for the year 1951, North Carolina ranked 36; South Carolina, 42; Georgia, 32; Tennessee, 26; and Alabama, 20. Florida led all states in the quantity of phosphate rock, rutile, and zircon produced in 1951; placed second in ilmenite, and third in peat and garnet production. The principal mineral products of Florida listed in order of their value are phosphate rock, limestone, cement, sand and gravel.




40 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
TABLE 2.-VALUE OF FLORIDA MINERAL PRODUCTION: 1940 THROUGH 1953
Year Value
1940 .... . . . -. $...------------------------------------- $14,854,000
1941 -------------------------------------------------------- 19,269,000
1942 ------------------------------------------------------- 20,304,000
1943 ------------------------------------------------------ 25,070,000
1944 ------------------------------------------------------- 21,852,000
1945 -----------------------------------------------------------24,995,000
1946 ------------------------------------------------------- 31,093,000
1947 ------------------------------------------------------- 45,992,000
1948 -------------------------------------------------------- 53,645,000
1949 ------------------------------------------------------- 54,998,000
1950 ................ --...--------------------------- 67,717,000
1951 -.....--------------- ---------------------- 78,548,000
1952 .-------- ---------------------------------------------- 80,017,000
1953 ...----------------------------------------------------- 91,913,000
Source: U. S. Bureau of Mines reports.
Phosphate Rock
Production of Phosphate. Of the mineral products mined in Florida, phosphate easily takes first place both in value and in quantity. Production began in 1888. Since 1894, when it replaced South Carolina, Florida has consistently produced more phosphate rock than any other state. During the interval from 1888 to 1953, inclusive, 167,295,284 long tons of phosphate have been mined at a total recorded value at the mines of $1,185,051,944. During 1952 and 1953, the production record of the phosphate industry reached new highs, and continued to overshadow the records of the other mineral industries of the state. The total quantity of land-pebble,




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 41
hard-rock, and soft-rock or colloidal phosphate that was sold or used by producers reached 8,781,125 long tons in 1952, and 9,166,855 long tons in 1953. The value at the mines as reported by the producing companies for these quantities of raw phosphate rock amounted to $51,541,799 in 1952 and $55,612,272 in 1953. The major portion of the production comes from the land-pebble district in Polk and Hillsborough counties, but small quantities of hard-rock phosphate were mined in Citrus County and colloidal phosphates were produced in Citrus, Columbia, Gilchrist and Marion counties.
Uranium. The most important development in the phosphate' industry during the past few years was the research that led to the commercial production of uranium from phosphate rock. Records indicate that uranium has been known since 1908 as a very minor ccmponent of the extensive Florida phosphate deposits. Only recently, however, methods of recovery of these small quantities of uranium, amounting approximately from 3 to 6 ounces per ton, have been developed and demonstrated to be commercially feasible. The U. S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Atomic Energy Commission, has been making detailed investigations of the land-pebble phosphate deposits since 1947. Five companies have plants in which uranium is recovered from phosphoric acid as a by-product in the process of manufacturing phosphate chemicals and concentrated commercial fertilizers., The International Minerals and Chemical Corporation (Bartow) and the Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation (Nichols) have each had uranium extraction units in production for some time. The U. S. Phosphoric Products Division, Tennessee Corporation (Tampa), is constructing facilities for the recovery of by-product uranium. Two plants located outside of Florida are recovering uranium from Florida material. These are the Blockson Chemical Company, Joliet, Illinois, and the Texas City Chemicals, Inc., Texas City, Texas.
Heavy Mineral Sands
Mines and ore-producing plants. The only metallic ores mined in Florida are recovered from sand deposits that contain grains of a number of heavy minerals. The ore minerals-rutile, ilmenite, zircon, monazite, garnet, and staurolite-are mined and concentrated through the removal of the quartz sand. The concentrate of heavy mineral. grains is then separated into the rather pure mineral components. This separation is accomplished by magnetic




42 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
ILI'
Figure 3. Dry mill of the Highland Plant where the heavy mineral sand concentrate is separated into its ore components by electro-static and electromagnetic methods. Photograph courtesy of the Humphreys Gold Corporation.




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 43
and electrostatic methods. Beach and other coastal deposits of sand, including inland deposits of ancient shore lines that are composed of from three to seven or more per cent heavy minerals, are processed commercially Four plants that produce these ores are located in the State: one, approximately eight miles east of Jacksonville, Duval county; two, near Starke in the Camp Blanding area, Clay county; and the fourth in the vicinity of Melbourne, Brevard county. (See photograph on cover and Figure 3.)
The Highland Plant operated by the Humphreys Gold Corporation for the E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company is the second mine and heavy mineral separation plant on Trail Ridge, Clay County. This plant located nine miles north of the installation in the Camp Blanding area was scheduled to begin production in March, 1955. In size, the new mine and plant is similar to the Trail Ridge plant where about 20,000 long tons of ore per day are processed to produce 100,000 long tons of titanium mineral a year. The exploration divisions of several major mining companies, as well as a number of smaller companies and individuals, are active in conducting a search for additional deposits from which the heavy minerals may be recovered. (See Figure 4.) This search has extended over the entire state, along modern, as well as ancient, coast lines and in the off-shore area popularly called the tidelands.
Titanium minerals: rutile and ilmenite. Rutile is used chiefly in welding-rod coatings, alloys, carbide and in ceramics. Titanium enamels are reported to be superior to zirconium enamels. Ilmenite, while used in making alloys and carbide, finds its greatest use in the manufacture of titanium dioxide paint pigment, which is produced in greater quantities than any other white pigment. P'ublic interest in titanium has increased during the past few years by recent technical developments that foreshadow the use of titanium metal as a structural material. Limited quantities of commercially pure titanium metal have been made in the United States since 1945, and the quantity has increased yearly. The use of titanium metal is limited, at the present time, to such items as jetengine parts and aircraft structure, where the combination of lightness, strength, and corrosion resistance are important enough to justify the cost of $5.00 per pound.
Zircon. The major uses of zircon are in the ceramic industries to produce enamels, porcelains and glazes, and in alloy production not only of steel but also of magnesium, copper, titanium, and nickel. The addition of zirconium imparts strength, toughness,




44 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Figure 4. Prospecting for heavy mineral deposits in Walton county. Photograph courtesy of the Florida State News Bureau.




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 45
corrosion resistance, and creep resistance at high temperatures. Some of these alloys are suitable for jet and gas turbine engine parts. Some zirconium metal finds use in vacuum-tube parts while the powdered metal is used for flashlight powders, flares, fireworks and detonators. Ground zircon, either in loose grains or in bricks or cements, is an acid type refractory material that can withstand very high temperatures.
Monazite. Monazite makes up only a small portion of the heavy mineral concentrates found in Florida. -This mineral contains the group of elements known as the rare-earths, and the compounds and alloys of these elements have important commercial applications. Misch-metal, a mixture of rare-earth elements with cerium predominating, is combined with iron to form the "flints" used in cigarette lighters, miners' lamps, and other products. Alloys of magnesium and aluminum with cerium have application in the construction of gas turbines, aircraft super-charger parts, jet planes, and other equipment that demands high tensile strength at high temperatures.; In the complicated chemical structure of monazite, varying amounts of thorium, a potential source of fissionable material, are found. The whole group of rare-earth elements has been subjected to intensive scientific study by the Atomic Energy Commission.
Garnet. The grains of garnet sands, a product of the Florida Ore Processing Company's mineral separation plant, are sold to monument works to be used as blast sand, and to filling stations and garages throughout the country to clean spark plugs.
Staurolite. The first industrial use of the mineral staurolite was made possible when that mineral became available in quantity at the heavy mineral separation plant located on Trail Ridge, Clay County. This product contains more than 45 per cent Al20 and is used by the Lehigh Portland Cement Company at their Bunnell plant as a source of alumina in the mix for Portland cement manufacture instead of the customary clay.
Selected Mineral Products
Cement. Portland cement has been produced in Florida for 25 years by the Florida Portland Cement Division, Tampa, of the General Portland Cement Company, Chicago, Illinois. This plant began operation in 1927, producing cement from limestone obtained north of Brooksville, Hernando county; and clay from a




46 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
few miles distant in Citrus county. In an effort to meet more neary the increasing demands, the capacity of the Tampa plant has been enlarged to its present size of four million barrels annually.
In 1951, the Lehigh Portland Cement Company began the construction of a cement mill on the east coast of Florida near Bunnell. This plant had an initial capacity of 1,400,000 barrels annually and production began during December, 1952. During the summer of 1954, an expansion program was announced which when completed in the summer of 1955 will increase the plant capacity to about 2,500,000 barrels. Coquina shell is quarried adjacent to the mill to supply the calcium carbonate content; this is the first extensive use of coquina. Another unique feature in the use of raw products is that, in place of the usual argillaceous material furnished in the form of clay, the mineral staurolite supplies the alumina and a portion of the iron necessary in the manufacturing process. The staurolite residue is obtained from the E. I. du Pont de Nemours Company's heavy minerals separation plant near Starke. Although small quantities of staurolite have been used as an abrasive in sand blasting, its use in manufacturing of Portland cement marks the first important commercial utilization of the mineral.
Petroleum. The discovery well of the Sunniland Oil Field, Collier County-the first successful oil well drilled in Floridawas brought in September 26, 1943, and produced 20,550 barrels of asphaltic base, 20.80 API gravity oil before being converted to a salt-water disposal well on May 10, 1946. The discovery well was drilled by the Humble Oil and Refining Company, and this company has further explored the region in the vicinity of Sunniland and has developed a small oil field of twelve wells that produce from a horizon about 11,500 feet below the ground surface. During 1953, this field produced 541,284 barrels of oil and the total cumulative production of the field up to January 1, 1954, was 3,307,753 barrels.
During the 14-year period from January 1, 1940, to January 1, 1954, 196 wells were drilled for oil and gas in Florida. Only 14 of these were completed as producing wells, 13 in the Sunniland Field, and the other was the discovery well of the Forty-Mile Bend Field, Dade County. This new field was discovered in December, 1953, and the second field well was brought in April, 1954. The entire State of Florida remains a potential area for possible future




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 47
discovery of additional petroleum fields. The drilling to date has been exploratory and a sufficient number of wells have not been drilled to eliminate any portion of Florida from the classification of a potential producing area.
Limestone. Crushed limestone enters into road and highway construction not only as road metal and aggregate for concrete but also as the base material on which the highway is constructed. These uses, together with concrete products and structural uses for limestone aggregate, consume by far the greatest proportion of limestone produced in the state. The lime and cement manufacturing industries also consume important quantities of limestone annually. Smaller quantities are used for rip rap and railroad ballast. Some types of limestone, particularly dolomitic limestone and dolomite, are crushed to a fine powder and applied to soils to sweeten them or to make them less acid.
Formerly the production of dimensional stone was an active industry in the state but fashioning of stone into building blocks currently utilizes only a minor portion of the rock produced. Concrete blocks and bricks, together with clay brick and tile have all but replaced the native dimensional stone in the construction of buildings and houses.
Clay. The clay industry of the state may be considered under two groups: (1) common clay production and products and (2) special purpose clays. Common clays are used in the manufacture of structural products such as clay brick and tile and in the manufacturing of cement. The clay brick and tile industry in the state has declined in recent years because of economic factors. Nevertheless, changing conditions now favor the reestablishment of the industry. The quantity of common clay consumed by cement manufacturing has increased and in 1952 this industry consumed 85,598 tons. The quantity of common clay mined in the state is anticipated to increase steadily in the future to keep pace with expanding demands created by the cement and brick-making industries.
Kaolin and fuller's earth. Two special purpose clays are produced in the state-kaolin from mines located in Putnam County, and fuller's earth from mines in Gadsden County. The Florida plastic kaolin enters into the ceramic industry where it is a standard ingredient in many types of white ware, tile, and porcelain. Fuller's earth production has increased during the past 10 years and the development of markets for absorbents for oily floors and for carriers of insecticides and fungicides have resulted in larger




48 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
shipments. Consumption of fuller's earth in mineral-oil refining constitutes the chief use for the material. Other important uses are for vegetable oil clarification and rotary drilling mud.
Ground Water
Ground water is the principal source of supply for industrial, municipal, agricultural, and domestic uses in Florida. The daily consumption of ground water by these four major uses is estimated by the U. S. Geological Survey to average about 500 million gallons. Although some critical problems of supply have arisen in certain areas, vast quantities of ground water are available for development over the major portion of Florida.
The daily draft of 500 million gallons from the ground-water resources should not be a cause for concern in regard to the State as a whole. Ground waters are naturally discharging many hundred million gallons a day, much of which can be salvaged and used whenever it is needed. The tremendous discharges of Florida's large limestone springs forcibly demonstrate the large capacity of the ground-water reservoirs. The combined average daily flow from the 66 large springs located in the state is about 3,600,000,000 gallons, or more than five times greater than the estimated total consumption of ground water in Florida. The flow from the springs represents water in excess of the storage capacity of the underground reservoirs. The availability of large water resources in Florida, in contrast with the shortages of supply in many other parts of the nation, may conceivably play a dominant role in the agricultural and industrial growth of the State. Even though plentiful reserves of ground water exist in Florida as a whole, the increasing need for wise development of future supplies should not be minimized. To protect these groundwater reserves from waste and contamination will insure the continued growth of our state.
Current and Future Expansion
The abundant reserves of the mineral and rock resources that are now mined in Florida assure existing industries that ample quantities are available to meet the increased demands brought about by continued growth of present markets and the demands created by the development of new uses for these materials. The increase in the quantity of production from 1940 to 1953 was over three-fold for each of the three minerals shown in Table 3, or 223 per cent for phosphate, 235 per cent for limestone, and 222 per cent for sand and gravel.




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 49
The rate of increase in the production of these rock materials may be anticipated to become even greater in the future because new uses will develop to create new markets, and the increased population of the state and nation will require expansion of present markets. Separate from population growth is the unpredictable rate at which new mineral resources will be discovered and brought into production.
TABLE 3.-QUANTITY OF PRODUCTION OF SELECTED FLORIDA MINERALS: 1940 THROUGH 1953
Phosphate Rock Limestone Sand and Gravel
Year (Long tons) (Short tons) (Short tons)
1940 2,845,012 2,815,713 1,162,075 1941 3,365,572 4,063,840 1,462,276 1942 3,012,240 6,563,420 1,834,863 1943 3,588,493 8,741,200 1,833,453 1944 3,752,795 2,730,020 1,335,569 1945 4,238,228 2,615,950 1,312,511 1946 5,005,511 2,863,070 1,534,667 1947 6,482,027 3,504,010 2,067,401 1948 6,539,258 4,154,920 2,312,131 1949 6,815,989 4,215,090 2,243,898 1950 8,085,870 5,313,400 2,793,865 1951 8,496,831 8,032,966 4,419,000 1952 8,781,125 7,836,634 4,154,613 1953 9,166,855 9,430,238 3,731,432
Source: U. S. Bureau of Mines reports.
Mineral resources of the state that were latent in 1940 but have since become materials of commerce include ilmenite, rutile, zircon, garnet, staurolite, and monazite, all of which are recovered from the heavy mineral sand deposits; petroleum and natural gas, discovered in Florida in September, 1943; and by-product uranium from processing phosphoric acid. The utilization of natural brine or salt water to recharge municipal water softener units is relatively new and may develop into widespread use. New products and new uses create an expanding demand for materials. For example, the use of fuller's earth as an absorbent for oily floors began in 1943 and for a carrier of insecticide in 1945. These new markets consume nearly one-half of the fuller's earth that is produced currently. New or expanded markets for common materials, such as utilization of clay in the manufacture of light weight aggregate and dolomite in the manufacture of mineral wool, await development. The discovery and production of petroleum and natural gas in quantity will make possible the establishment of




50 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
many industries, including glass manufacture; chemical industries based on brines and abundant reserves of pure limestone; and the utilization of aluminum phosphate portion of the overburden that is now discarded in the mining of phosphate pebble. Other materials that are high in alumina-the kyanite and sillimanite found in the heavy mineral sands-may be expected to become items of commerce.




TABLE 4
SUMMARY OF FLORIDA MINERAL PRODUCTION
1950 1951 1952 1953
PRODUCT lI| l
Quantity Value | Quantity Value Quantity Value Quantity Value
Clay, iic. Kaolin and Ful-1 I
ler's earth (short tons) 127,000 $ 1,955,000 132,5631 $ 2,288,855 112,113 $ 1,985,587 148,0001 $ 2,842,448
Materials used in cement tJ
Clay -...... (short tons) 84,000 63,000 70,000 70,000 86,000 86,000 109,911 109,911
Staurolite (short tons) ...____-----------____---- ___1 9 -------------- --------------------- -- --------- ----- 19,078 *
Natural gas (M cubic ft.) 8,000 10,000 1,000 15,000 1,000 34,000 3,000 Peat .-------- (short tons) 23,022 151,270 25,748 161,417 23,729 154,164 27,678 185,524 Petroleum --... (barrels) 486,021 596,043 591,855 541,284 Phosphate
Land pebble (long tons) 7,933,009 44,430,646 8,329,033 49,185,072 8,624,186 50,483,421 9,009,220 54,498,217 Soft rock. (long tons) 81,542 408,595 92,183 495,243 75,853 433,203 75,910 470,062 Hard rock-._ (long tons) 71,319 538,601 75,615 582,247 81,068 625,175 81,725 643,993
Total phosphate,
(long tons) 8,085,870 45,377,842 8,496,831 50,262,562 8,781,125 51,541,799 9,166,855 55,612,272 Rutile ... ...------- (short tons) --------------------- ----------- --------------- 6,043 702,791
0
Sand and gravel,
(short tons) 2,793,865 2,806,431 4,419,000 4,300,682 4,154,613 3,848,077 3,731,432 3,199,368 Crushed limestone, inc.
dolomite. (short tons) 5,313,400 6,885,394 8,032,9661 9,419,682 7,836,634 9,577,541 9,430,238 11,320,949 Miscellaneous** ------ -- 10,541,000 ------------- 12,113,358 ------------13,229,587 t18,047,345
Total value, eliminating
duplication ----------------- $67,717,000 I $78,548,000 $80,335,000 t$91,913,697
t Estimated in part.
* Value included in Miscellaneous.
** Includes value of: Cement Dimensional stone Ilmenite Garnet Monazite Lime Flint Rutile (except 1953) Zircon Petroleum




52 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
ROCK AND MINERAL PRODUCERS 1952 and 1953
The names of the companies and individuals that cooperated with the U. S. Bureau of Mines and the Florida Geological Survey in supplying statistical data on their production of rock and mineral materials during the years 1952 and 1953, are included in this list. All individuals and companies that mine, process and sell limestone, sand, phosphate or other rock or mineral products are urged to cooperate with this program in order that these annual production records of the State may be more complete.
Product Company Location Cement
Florida Portland Cement Division, General Portland Cement Company -------- Tampa Lehigh Portland Cement Company --------Bunnell Clay (Common)
Used by Producer:
Florida Portland Cement Division --------.........--... Tampa
Non-Commercial:
Apalachee Correctional Institute ----- Chattahoochee Dolomite
Florida Dolomite Company .-------- Pembroke-Oneco Golden Dolomite Company ___---------------- Orlando
Manatee Dolomite Company _----------- Samoset
Southern Dolomite Company ------------------ Palmetto
Dixie Lime Products Company .-------------. Ocala
Fuller's Earth
The Floridin Company, Inc _-------------------- Quincy
Minerals and Chemicals Corp. of America .....---------------------------- Attapulgus, Ga.
Garnet
Florida Ore Processing Company, Inc -- Melbourne Ilmenite and Rutile
(Titanium concentrate)
E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company....... Starke Florida Ore Processing Company, Inc. Melbourne Rutile Mining Company of Florida... Jacksonville National Lead Company, Titanium Div.- Jacksonville Kaolin
Edgar Plastic Kaolin Company ----------------- Edgar
United Clay Mines, Inc.---------------------- ....Hawthorn
Lime
City of Miami, Department of Water and Sewers ------------------------------- Miami
Dixie Lime Products Company ---------------..... Ocala




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 53
Limestone
Crushed:
Belle Glade Rock Company ---------------- Miami
Brooksville Rock Company, Inc. --------- Brooksville Broward Quarries, Inc --------------- Fort Lauderdale
Camp Concrete Rock Company -.------------- Ocala
Central Quarries, Inc..... ------------------ Leesburg
Connell and Shultz....... ------------------- Inverness
Alonzo Cothron--------------------------------.- Islamorada
Cummer Lime and Manufacturing Company ---------------Ocala and Jacksonville
Curcie Brothers.... --------------------- Hallandale
Deerfield Rock Corporation.. ------- Deerfield Beach Dixie Lime Products Company ------------- Ocala
Hallandale Rock Corporation -------------- Hallandale
T. J. James Construction Co., Inc. ---------. Miami
L. and L. Quarries -- -------------- Fort Lauderdale
Marianna Limestone Company ----------Marianna Marjax Company --------------------- Marianna
Maule Industries, Inc .--------------- Miami Beach
Win. P. McDonald Corporation .------------Brooksville
C. Meekins..... ------------------------------- Hollywood
Miami Crushed Stone Company ---- Coral Gables Murphy and Mills Corporation ------------Miami
Naranja Rock Company ----------------Naranja
Newberry Corporation ------------------- Jacksonville
Ocala Lime Rock Corporation --- ..--------------- Ocala
Oolite Rock Company -------------------- Miami
Peffer Construction Company ------------------- Miami
Pruitt and Boyd ---------------- Deerfield Beach
E. A. Pynchon .. -------------------------- North Miami
S. M. Wall -------------------------Gainesville
Snyder Paving Company, Inc ---- Fort Lauderdale Suwannee Lime Products Company ----- Branford Troup Quarries, Inc .... --------------------- Miami
United Limerock Company -------------- Jacksonville
V. E. Whitehurst & Sons --------------Williston
Williston Shell Rock Company ------------- Ocala
Non-Commercial:
Broward County Highway
Department ------------------- Fort Lauderdale
Palm Beach County Highway Department -----------------West Palm Beach
Volusia County Highway Department -- DeLand Dimension Stone:
Alclaries Travertine Company -----------Sarasota
Cutler Cut Rock Company ----------------Miami
Deerfield Rock Corporation ----------Deerfield Beach C. Meekins -------------------------------------- Hollywood
Williston Shell Rock Company ------------------.... Ocala




54 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Monazite
Florida Ore Processing Company, Inc. Melbourne Humphreys Gold Corporation....--------- Jacksonville
Natural Gas
Humble Oil and Refining Company -- Sunniland Peat
Agricultural Organics Corporation ---------- Seffner
Daetwyler Peat Mine .-------------------------- Orlando
Fernwood Humus Company ..------------- Zellwood
Florida Nursery and Landscape Company Leesburg Glen Saint Mary Nurseries Company --.Glen St. Mary Jack O. Holmes, Inc -- ....----------------------. Tampa
Mulford-Hickerson Peat Humus Corporation .----- - .-----------------__ Apopka
Southern States Nurseries, Inc ------------Macclenny
West Florida Humus Company ----------Panama City Petroleum
Humble Oil and Refining Company ---Sunniland Phosphate Rock
Hard Rock:
Kibler-Camp Phosphate Enterprise -------------Ocala
Soft Rock or Colloidal Clay:
Kellogg Company, The --------------- --Hernando
Knight and Bevis........... -------------------- Dunnellon
Loncala Phosphate Company ---------High Springs Pedrick and Bernard .... ------------------ Morriston
Seaboard Phosphate Company ----------Dunnellon Soil Builders, Inc.---- ....----------------- Dunnellon
Superior Phosphate Company ----------Dunnellon Land Pebble:
American Agricultural Chemical Corporation __Pierce American Cyanamid Company .......--_--------- Brewster
Coronet Division, Smith-Douglas Company, Plant City Davison Chemical Corporation, The -------- Bartow International Minerals and Chemical Corporation -------------------------- Bartow
Swift and Company ---------------------Bartow
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation -- Nichols Sand and Gravel
All-Florida Sand Company Unincorporated ------------------------------------------ Interlachen
Apalachicola Northern R.R. ----------Port St. Joe
Brewton Engineering Company ----------Panama City Burnup and Sims, Inc.. -------------West Palm Beach
Rufus Campbell..... --------------- Flomaton, Alabama
Central Sand Company ------------------------- Tavares
Cummer Lime and Manufacturing Company --------------------- ----------------... Jacksonville
Davenport Sand Company, Inc --.--.---- Davenport DesRochers Sand Company .... ..----------------. Miami




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 55
Alfred Destin Corporation ..------------ Miami Beach
Diamond-Interlachen Sand Company ..- Jacksonville F. A. Edwards ------..-----------------------. Bradenton
Florida East Coast Railway ---------St. Augustine Florida Gravel Company -----------Chattahoochee
Florida Sand Company ------------St. Petersburg
Florida Silica Sand Company, Inc ----------Opalocka Hauser Concrete Company --------------- DeLand
Hialeah Crushed Stone Company --------------Hialeah
Keuka Sand Company. -------------------- Edgar
Keystone Sand Company ........---------------- Grandin
Lake Wales Concrete Sand Company Lake Wales Lake Wales Independent Sand Company, Inc. ----------------------------- Lake Wales
Largo Washed Sand Company. ------------- Largo
Maule Industries, Inc. -------------- Miami Beach
Murphy and Mills Corporation .-- ..------------ Miami
Oak Ridge Sand Company, Inc. -------------Mulberry
Owens Brothers Concrete, Inc -... New Smyrna Beach Seminole Rock Products, Inc.... .------------ .. Miami
Shands and Baker ------------------Jacksonville
Standard Sand and Silica Company --- Davenport United Clay Mines Corporation ---------Hawthorn Ward Gravel Company ------------ Bluff Springs
Non-Commercial:
Bureau of Forestry,
Department of Agriculture. Washington 25, D. C. Staurolite
E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company ...-. Starke Zircon
Humphreys Gold Corporation ..------------- Starke
Florida Ore Processing Company, Inc. -- Melbourne National Lead Company ------------ Jacksonville
Rutile Mining Company of Florida Jacksonville




56 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
APPROPRIATIONS
July 1, 1953-June 30, 1955
Current:
The appropriation under which the Florida Geological Survey is currently operating for the biennium July 1, 1953, to June 30, 1955, follows: 7/1/53 to 7/1/54 to
6/30/54 6/30/55 Total Salary .......------------ .------------- $ 77,050.00 $ 77,050.00 $154,100.00
Expense ------------------- ------ 74,800.00 72,400.00 147,200.00
Operating Capital Outlay -------- 7,200.00* 9,600.00** 16,800.00
Encumbrances .----- --------....... 8,823.94*** ___-------- 8,823.94
TOTAL -------------------......... $167,873.94 $159,050.00 $326,923.94
* During the fiscal year 1953-54, $2,000.00 was transferred from expenses
to operating capital outlay.
** During the fiscal year 1954-55, $4,400.00 was transferred from expenses to operating capital outlay.
*** Held over into the biennium July 1, 1953, to June 30, 1955, from the previous biennium was the sum of $8,823.94 to make payment of bills encumbered in the previous biennium. Requested:
For the biennium July 1, 1955, to June 30, 1957, the following funds have been requested:
7/1/55 to 7/1/56 to
6/30/56 6/30/57 Total Salary ----------- --- -------................. $ 98,340.00 $100,340.00 $198,680.00
Expense -- ........------------------- 94,900.00 94,900.00 189,800.00
Operating Capital Outlay 8,300.00 8,300.00 16,600.00
TOTAL --- --------............ ----....... $201,540.00 $203,540.00 $405,080.00
In addition, an appropriation of $585,000 is being sought with which to construct adequate office, laboratory, and museum space.
1953
STATEMENT OF FUNDS AVAILABLE, EXPENDITURES, AND BALANCES
January 1 to December 31
SALARY
Funds Available:
Balance, January 1 ......-------------------. $ 7,743.22
General Revenue Release, Jan. 1 -------------16,375.00
General Revenue Release, Apr. 1 -------------16,375.00
General Revenue Release, July 1 ----------19,262.50
General Revenue Release, Oct. 1 -----------19,262.50
Total Available--------------------------- ------------------- $ 79,018.22




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 57
Expenditures:
Salaries and Wages ---- ------ ------------------------------- 68,274.83
Balances:
General Revenue Balance, June 30 .. -------- $ 8,004.84
General Revenue Balance, Dec. 31.... ---------- 2,738.55
Total Balances .......---------------------------------.. .... $ 10,743.39
EXPENSES OPERATING CAPITAL OUTLAY*
Funds Available: Expenses
Balance, January 1 .. -....--------------------$26,324.44
General Revenue Release, Jan. 1 ----------18,000.00
General Revenue Release, Apr. 1 ------------18,000.00
General Revenue Release, July 1 ----------19,200.00
General Revenue Release, Oct. 1 -------------19,200.00
Total Available-Expenses ...- ------------------------ $100,724.44
Funds Available: Operating Capital Outlay
General Revenue Release, July 1 ---------------------- 5,200.00
Total Funds Available-Expenses and Operating
Capital Outlay ........ ---------------------------- $105,924.44
Expenditures: Expenses
Professional Fees and Consultant Services $ 744.67
Communication and Transportation of
Things ...... ...... .......------------------------------ 1,989.84
General Printing and Reproduction Service 9,091.80 Repairs and Maintenance -------------------- 1,495.63
Travel .............-------------------------------- 3,238.57
Utilities --------------------------------- 38.40
Other Contractual Services --------------39,999.96
Building and Construction Materials and
Supplies ........ ................ ..------------------------------ 306.37
Educational, Scientific, Medical, and Agricultural Materials and Supplies .--------- 2,037.51
Maintenance Materials and Supplies ------ 503.08 Motor Fuels and Lubricants --------------1,218.29
Office Materials and Supplies ----- ------- 1,744.32
Other Materials and Supplies --------------- 273.54
Insurance and Surety Bonds ....--------------- 549.10
Pensions and Benefits ... .....-------------------- 60.93
Rental of Buildings and Equipment --------7,250.00 Other Current Charges and Obligations 12.75
TOTAL ... .............---------------------------....... $70,554.76




58 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Expenditures: Operating Capital Outlay
Books ----..--------------------------------... .................. $ 472.46
Educational, Medical, Scientific, and Agricultural Equipment ...----- -------------- 3,551.87
Motor Vehicle-Passenger ------- ---------- 849.85
Motor Vehicle-Other ------- -------------- 122.51
Office Furniture and Equipment 5----------5,967.22
Other Capital Outlay ---------------------------- 1.47
TOTAL ....--------------------------- $10,965.38
Total Expenditures-Expenses and Operating
Capital Outlay .-----.----..---------------------- 81,520.14
Balances: Expenses
General Revenue Balance, June 30 -- $ 7,285.25 General Revenue Balance, Dec. 31 ---------13,136.86
TOTAL --- .-----_-.--------------------------- $20,422.11
Balance: Operating Capital Outlay
General Revenue Balance, Dec. 31 ---- $ 3,982.19
Total Balances-Expenses and Operating Capital Outlay ------------------------------------------ $ 24,404.30
* These two funds were not separated until the beginning of the 1953-54
fiscal year. Up until July 1, 1953, expenditures for regular expense and operating capital outlay items were charged to the same appropriation fund.
1954
STATEMENT OF FUNDS AVAILABLE, EXPENDITURES, AND BALANCES
January 1 to December 31
SALARY
Funds Available:
Balance, January 1 ....----- ----------------- $ 2,738.55
General Revenue Release, Jan. 1 ----------19,262.50
General Revenue Release, Apr. 1 ----------19,262.50
General Revenue Release, July 1 -----------19,262.50
Reserve Release, August 15 ..-------------- 5,600.00
General Revenue Release, Oct. 1 ----------19,262.50
On Reserve, December 31 ....----------------- 740.97
Total Available ------------------------------------------ $ 86,129.52
Expenditures:
Salaries and Wages ..............-------------------- ----------- $ 72,979.72




ELEVENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 59
Balances:
General Revenue Balance, June 30 .. --------$ 6,340.97
General Revenue Balance, Dec. 31 -----------6,067.86
Reserve Balance, December 31 ..-------------- 740.97
Total Balances ...............---------------------------------... $ 13,149.80
EXPENSE
Funds Available:
Balance, January 1 ..-...... ...------------------- $13,136.86
General Reven e-Release, Jan. 1 -----------19,200.00
General Revenue Release, Apr. 1 ---------19,200.00
General Revenue Release, July 1 ------------19,200.00
General Revenue Release, Oct. 1 ----------19,200.00
On Reserve, December 31...... ----------------- 8,909.34
Less: $98,846.20 Transfers to Operating Capital Outlay 6,400.00 Expenditure erroneously charged ------------- 1.10
Total Available .......-------------------------------------- --- $ 92,445.10
Expenditures:
Professional Fees and Consultant Services $ 1,556.78
Communication and Transportation of
Things ------------------------------2,338.63
General Printing and Reproduction Service 10,582.72 Iepairs and Maintenance --------------------- 2,399.42
Travel -------------------------------5,301.02
Other Contractual Services -------------- 36,642.73
Building and Construction Materials and
Supplies ........------------------------------ ..524.37
Educational, Medical, Scientific, and Agricultural Materials and Supplies ----- 723.38
Maintenance Materials and Supplies 366.16 Motor Fuels and Lubricants _. ------------1,454.74
Office Materials and Supplies .-------------- 2,235.39
Other Materials and Supplies .-------------- 73.48
Insurance and Surety Bonds -------------- 511.61
Pensions and Benefits -------------------------- 402.63
Rental of Buildings and Equipment --------7,000.00 Other Current Charges and Obligations -- 53.00
Total Expenditures ----------------------------- $ 72,166.06
Balances:
General Revenue, June 30 --------------$ 8,909.34
General Revenue, December 31 ------------ 2,460.36
Reserve Balance, December 31 ....------------ 8,909.34
Total Balances ........ .---------------------------------. $ 20,279.04




60 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
OPERATING CAPITAL OUTLAY
Funds Available:
Balance, January 1. ------------------- $ 3,982.19
Transfer from Expense, Mar. 31 -----------1,000.00
Transfer from Expense, June 1 ------------- 1,000.00
General Revenue Release, July 1 ----------5,200.00
Transfer from Expense, Dec. 21 -----------4,400.00
On Reserve, December 31 3------------------ 3.34
Expenditure Erroneously Credited ------- 1.10
Total Available ... .......... -------------------------------- $ 15,616.63
Expenditures:
Books ------------------------------- $ 1,533.25
Educational, Medical, Scientific, and Agricultural Equipment .... .......-------------------. 1,633.89
Motor Vehicle-Other (than Passenger) 2,449.91 Office Furniture and Equipment -----------2,620.47
Other Capital Outlay. --------------------- 27.90
Total Expenditures -----------.------------------------------. 8,265.42
Balances:
General Revenue, June 30 ---------------$ 33.34
General Revenue, Dec. 31 ---.-----------------. 7,284.53
Reserve Balance, Dec. 31 ---.------------------. 33.34
Total Balances --....---.......------------------- $ 7,351.21




Florida's newest heavy mineral mine located in the western portion of Clay County. Heavy mineral sand dredged from an artificial lake is concentrated in this floating spiral concentrator at the Highland Mine and Plant.
Photograph courtesy of the Humphreys Gold Corporation.
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