Citation
Biennial report

Material Information

Title:
Biennial report
Alternate Title:
Biennial report of the Florida Geological Survey ( 8th-14th )
Creator:
Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication:
Tallahassee
Publisher:
The Survey
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Biennial
Language:
English
Physical Description:
11 v. : ill. ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Geology -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
Mines and mineral resources -- Periodicals -- Florida ( lcsh )
City of Miami ( local )
City of Ocala ( local )
City of Jacksonville ( local )
City of Lake Wales ( local )
City of Tallahassee ( local )
City of Chattahoochee ( local )
Business structures ( jstor )
Geological surveys ( jstor )
Counties ( jstor )
Minerals ( jstor )
Water wells ( jstor )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
4th (1940)-14th (1959-1960).
Funding:
Digitized as a collaborative project with the Florida Geological Survey, Florida Department of Environmental Protection
Statement of Responsibility:
Florida State Board of Conservation, Florida Geological Survey

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier:
000376187 ( ALEPH )
01956611 ( OCLC )
ACB5800 ( NOTIS )
sn 87028635 ( LCCN )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Biennial report
Succeeded by:
Biennial report (FGS : Biennial report)

Full Text




State of Florida
FULLER WARREN, Governor


Florida State
GEORGE


Board of Conservation
VATHIS, Superrnsor


*



NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT
of the

FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

Covering Period
January 1, 1949 through December 31, 1950



*



HERMAN GUNTER
Director and State Geologist


*


Tallahassee, Florida
1951




















Published 1951









64769












LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


Tallahassee, Florida
March 8, 1951

MR. GEORGE VATHIS, Supervisor FLORIDA STATE BOARD OF CONSERVATION TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA

Sm:

Herewith is the Ninth Biennial Report of the Florida Geological Survey, a division of the Florida State Board of Conservation. This report contains a brief review of the work of the Survey during the two-year period, 1949-1950, an outline of some of the proposed investigations for the future, summaries of the mineral production for 1948-1949, and the financial statement. Again let me express my appreciation of the support that you have given to the work of this Division of the State Board of Conservation.
Respectfully submitted,


HERMAN GUNTER, Director














LOCATION


OF


FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


EAST CAMPUS


FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY

TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA


0 100 200 300 400
SCOI. U' F..?




S. HIGHWAY 90. . WEST :TENNESSEE STREET .....:.










. WEST' *. CALL,-. STR

ATE GATE HOME !
MANAGEMENT
DEM.NSTRETON


















95
JENNIE MURPHREE FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL

SURVEY M FSMUDENANRY YOLDS AEUEDUCATION
U. S.
GEOLOGICAL BSNS


FS-U. GEOL. DEPT DISTRICT
BROWARD z GILCHR T WESTCOTT W OLG V
-AINGATE







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:::.. :::-::. :::... ::.. :-.:::.: ::.......... . : ..::- W E S T ** :: . J F E S N + +: T E T :::: ::-::3 :: :: :~: ::-::
::1950d

Figure 1.









Ninth Biennial Report
of the

Florida Geological Survey

*

INTRODUCTION
Survey Quarters: The Florida Geological Survey offices have been on the campus of the Florida State University since December, 1939. This location has proven advantageous in a number of respects. The Survey is primarily a research and fact finding agency and therefore finds itself in a congenial atmosphere on the campus of a State educational institution. Here the United States Geological Survey, Ground Water Division, with which close cooperation is maintained, is conveniently accessible, as is also the Geological Department of the University. Figure 1 on the opposite page gives the location of these three departments.
As convenient and commodious as the Survey offices are, the Survey is experiencing difficulty in adequately caring for its expanding activities. A department cannot remain static; to do so is a certain sign of decadence and non-progressiveness. With the constant expansion of the mineral industry in Florida and the industrial growth of the State, the Survey is called upon for more and more information on the possibilities that Florida offers. Industries, too, utilize greater and greater quantities of both surface and ground waters, and to give answers to some of these increasing needs requires much study, careful planning and at times detailed investigations. To meet these demands more satisfactorily the Survey is compelled to increase its staff of technicians, and to acquire appropriate equipment, all of which intensifies the need of additional space. In earlier reports there has been brief mention of these needs and the hope expressed that space might be provided in a new building that should be one of the Capitol Center group. This, however, has not yet materialized. Plans for other accommodations, however, are under consideration by Florida State University and if carried to successful termination the Survey would be adequately and conveniently housed.








6 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

STAFF-1949-1950
FULL TImE:
Herman Gunter, D. Sc. (Hon.), Director
R. 0. Vernon, Ph. D., Geologist
James L. Calver, Ph. D., Geologist
H. G. Naegeli, Ph. D., Paleontologist
J. Clarence Simpson, Supervisor of Laboratory
Harold T. Chittum, Jr., Assistant Geologist
Lily Moore, Librarian
Mary W. Blount, Secretary
Corinne Little, Secretary
Jean Neel, Secretary, (Resigned October 15, 1949)
Eva Merle Haynes, (Entered November 1, 1949, Resigned
June, 1950)
Evelee Cobb, (Temporary, June 1-September 8, 1950) Mary Cathryn Novak, (Entered September 11, 1950)
John McBride, Janitor

RESEARCH CONSULTANTS:
Cole, W. Storrs, Ph. D., Micropaleontologist, Special Research Moore, Wayne E., Ph. D., Geology of Jackson County, Special
Research
Oglesby, Woodson R., Jr., Geology of Gilchrist County, Special
Research
Richards, Horace G., Ph. D., Special Research

PART TIME: (Staff of five is maintained) Andrews, Edwin V., Draftsman's Assistant (October 1, 1948August 31, 1949)
Ellis, Thomas J., III, Field Assistant-Rodman (July 5-31, 1950) Eaton, Bernard, Assistant in Laboratory Gillis, Ralph P., Assistant in Laboratory (September 1, 1949, September 30, 1950)
Gray, Richard C., Micropaleontologic Assistant (January 1, 1949-)
Jones, Walton B., Assistant in Laboratory (Resigned October 7, 1950)
Hendry, Charles W. Jr., Draftsman's Assistant (September 11, 1949-)
Henry, William C., Micropaleontologic Assistant (Resigned March 31, 1950)







NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


Miller, F. DeWitt, Jr., Clerical Aide
Randall, Thomas E., Field Assistant (September 1, 1949February 28, 1950)
Withers, Robert B., Assistant in Laboratory (October 1, 1950-) Yon, James William, Assistant in Laboratory (October 1, 1950-)

WELL SAMPLE LIBRARY
The efforts of the Survey to accumulate cuttings with complete records of wells through the voluntary cooperation of water well drillers and contractors continues with gratifying results. The wells, including both the deep oil tests and water wells, now number 2,325, and every county in the State is now represented. With the accumulation of such data the Survey is in a progressively better position to supply dependable data regarding the character and thickness 6f the several formations penetrated, as well as the yield of water and other details. In addition, elevations are being determined for many of the wells and with such complete information it is possible to prepare a structural map of the State. The appreciation of the Survey is herewith expressed to all the contractors and drillers who have so generously and willingly supplied data to the Survey.

COOPERATION WITH OTHER AGENCIES
United States Geological Survey-Ground Water: Investigations of the ground-water resources of the State which are made cooperatively by the Florida Geological Survey and the U. S. Geological Survey were continued during the 1949-50 biennium under the immediate supervision of H. H. Cooper, Jr.; District Engineer, Tallahassee, and Nevin D. Hoy, District Geologist, Miami, who have prepared the following summary of their activities. The phase of these investigations which is probably of greatest ultimate value to the State is the program of systematically observing the fluctuations of water level in selected wells. Records of water level serve to indicate the extent to which the ground-water reservoirs are being recharged by rainfall in areas known as "recharge areas", and the extent to which they are depleted by heavy pumping, or as in southern Florida, by the operation of drainage canals. In coastal areas, where ground water is subject to the encroachment of sea water, records of water levels are especially valuable because they can often be


7








8 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

used to determine the depth at which a well is likely to draw salt water. In other areas, where the hydraulic head has been lowered to such an extent that it is no longer sufficient to prevent the movement of salt water into the aquifer, water-level records can be used to estimate the extent to which salt water will encroach.

Records of the altitude and fluctuations of the water levels in wells are obtained by making measurements at regular intervals that range from one a week to one every six weeks, or by installing automatic water-stage recorders, which give a continuous record of the changes in the water level. At the end of 1948, a total of 605 wells were under regular observation. By


G
08 J
o o! o _ I oo,


MAP OF FLORIDA
SHOWING WELLS IN WHICH WATER LEVELS AND ARTESIAN PRESSURE ARE OBSERVED

EXPLANATION



.......0.000 0.S 1..
*01'0S e.f 000e 00 005-l
*5001 0 00505 0.000


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E 0 R G I A>







O0e
-- S - - -
s AT














AR'S TE p55,
-17 1- "L o 1*


V.


Figure 2.
Map showing distribution of the wells equipped with automatic waterstage recorders. Not shown are the approximately 660 wells on which periodic water-level measurements are made.


I


W








NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


the end of 1950 the total had increased to approximately 775. The number of these wells that are equipped with automatic water-stage recorders was increased during the past biennium from 78 to 114.
Salt-water encroachment-the movement of salt water into an aquifer-occurs relatively slowly. Water-level measurements and records of the continuous changes in water level are useful in determining whether the conditions are such that salt-water encroachment may continue. However, they do not indicate the rate at which the salt water encroaches. One method for determining the rate of movement consists in making analyses of the salt content of the water samples obtained periodically from selected wells. In southern Florida, where the problem of saltwater encroachment is critical in certain areas, water samples from selected wells have been obtained regularly since about 1939. During the past biennium 4,300 such samples were analyzed.
Areal investigations of the geology and ground-water resources of various parts of the State were continued during the past biennium. These investigations are usually restricted to one or two counties and require several years to complete. The results of each investigation are published in reports of the Florida Geological Survey and the U. S. Geological Survey and in papers in technical journals. The reports provide information that enables a more profitable utilization of the ground-water resources.
An intensive investigation of the ground water in Dade and Broward Counties was begun in 1939, reports giving the results of different phases of that investigation have been published from time to time in publications of the Florida Geological Survey and as articles in technical journals. A comprehensive report giving the results of the investigation has been prepared for publication by the U. S. Geological Survey, and a manuscript copy is on file with the Florida Geological Survey, Tallahassee, which is available for reference.
Investigations of the ground-water resources of Pinellas, Brevard, Lee, and Charlotte Counties were essentially completed during the past biennium and reports giving the results are to be published during the next biennium. These investigations were financed by funds provided by the Florida Geological Sur-


9








10 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

vey and the U. S. Geological Survey, except where local agencies provided funds for detailed studies that were beyond the scope of the State-Federal cooperative program. Thus, in connection with the investigations in Pinellas and -Lee Counties part of the expenses were paid by Pinellas County and the City of Fort Myers, respectively.
Ground-water investigations begun during the past biennium by the U. S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Florida Geological Survey and various county and municipal agencies, include investigations in Santa Rosa County, the Kissimmee River Valley, and the area east and south of Lake Okeechobee, Sarasota County, Hillsborough County, Manatee County, and Highlands County.
In 1949 the Santa Rosa Island Authority, an agency of Escambia County, requested the U. S. Geological Survey and the Florida Geological Survey to evaluate the safe yield of the ground-water resources of Fair Point Peninsula, which is located four miles south of Pensacola in Santa Rosa County. An investigation was made in the summer and fall of 1950 to provide information essential to the development of a perennial water supply for Pensacola Beach. This investigation was made possible through funds provided by the Santa Rosa Authority, the Florida Geological Survey, and the U. S. Geological Survey.
In connection with the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control project, the U. S. Geological Survey is making an investigation of the ground water in the Kissimmee River Valley and the area east and south of Lake Okeechobe in cooperation with the Florida Geological Survey and the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District.
A report on the ground-water resources of Sarasota County was published in 1933 by the Florida Geological Survey. In order to determine whether there has been any significant change in the artesian head and salt content of the water since that time, a resurvey of key wells was made in the summer and fall of 1950. The results of this resurvey indicate that the artesian head has declined and that the salt content has increased in some of the wells since 1933.
In recent years an increase in the acreage devoted to truck crops in the Ruskin area of southern Hillsborough County and







NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


in Manatee County brought about a corresponding increase in the consumption of water for irrigation. Investigations to determine whether the lowering of artesian head that has accompanied the increase in withdrawal might be sufficient to cause salt water encroachment were begun in the two counties during the fall of 1950. The investigation of Manatee County is being financed by funds provided by the Florida Geological Survey and the U. S. Geological Survey, and by the Board of County Commissioners and the Manatee River Soil Conservation District. The investigation in Hillsborough County is being financed with funds provided by the Florida Geological Survey, and the U. S. Geological Survey, and by the Board of County Commissioners.
The investigation of the geology and ground-water resources of Highlands County which was begun early in the past biennium is approximately 75 percent complete. A large part of this investigation is concerned with the collection of data on the occurrence of artesian water in the limestone formations. Because the limestone formations that yield water to wells in Highlands County are also important sources of supply in other parts of the State, the information obtained during the investigation will be useful in studying the ground water in other areas in which water is obtained from the limestone formations. This investigation is being made with funds provided by the Florida Geological Survey and the U. S. Geological Survey.
United States Geological Survey-Surface Water: Investigations of the surface water resources of Florida, under the supervision of A. 0. Patterson, District Engineer, Ocala, consisted of the collecting of water stage data on the elevation of certain important lakes. Continuing records of the fluctuations in water level of lakes in various parts of the State are maintained to aid in the assembling of more complete data for hydrologic investigations. The value of such data increases with length of record and the longer the period of continuity, the more accurate the basis becomes for evaluating trends in the water resources.
Certain specific investigations were undertaken during the biennium. A staff gauge was installed on Panasoffkee Lake to ascertain and aid in evaluating an abnormally low stage which was reported by residents. The depth and the horizontal velocity


11













12 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY



of water in Emerald Spring were determined for an investigation to utilize the spring for a potential additional water supply for the City of Orlando. A similar measurement was made at Green Cove Springs in connection with the possible use of the spring as a municipal water supply for the City of Green Cove Springs. Hydrographs were prepared of Lake Apopka and Lake Dora to aid local authorities in the design and operation of a control in the Apopka-Beauclair Canal, which control has been installed and, if properly operated, should improve the water level in Lake Apopka without detriment to Lake Dora. In response to a request of the Lake Soil Conservation District, inspection and reconnaissance soundings were made of the following lakes in Lake and Orange counties: Tracy, Norris, DalIe? Io.t A,. r -__ _ _ _


AfALOR I - TACEOC G



CAL C ,gIU CJ hi

.ECAC;G


RULE CNACEU C
-A.
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'A


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CI


4 C..' ~. .4!L~IRI.II...SRUEAAC


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- EAUY


0


MAP OF FLORIDA

4C OF SURFACE WATER INVESTIGATIONS

U. S. GEOLOCAL, SURVEY

'.IE ..CE 1100.'
FLORIDA GEOLOGIAL SURVEY

- -.' .149 t ecme 3%, 195


C CE CA CIA ACAR


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- 0














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f
_JCCVL


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Figure 3.

Map showing locations of the regular gaging stations maintained during the past two years and the locations of the special work.


I I


-. -


-. I- ..



.........


o


11


LOCATIC







NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT_


housie, Lucy, Cherry, Minneola, Minnehaha, Louisa, Sawgrass, Aldrich, Johns, Black, Crescent, Mable, Speer, Hancock and Turkey.
The springs of Florida are among some of its most valuable water resources which remain largely unused, except for recreational purposes. The water discharging from these springs is pure and often contains less mineral solids than some of the deep well water, and such waters are at least a potential source readily available for use.
United States Bureau of Mines: The agreement with the Bureau of Mines for cooperation in compiling mineral production statistics was continued during the biennium. The Bureau of Mines collects and assembles the major portion of the mineral production data from the owners or operators of all quarries, pits and mines. A check list of active producers is maintained and all companies on the list are requested annually by the Bureau of Mines to furnish data. If any of the producers are slow in reporting their activities, the Bureau of Mines furnishes the Florida Geological Survey with a list of such delinquents and contacts are made. Through this cooperation duplication of effort is avoided and uniformity in statistical data is gained.
Water Survey and Research Division: The division of Water Survey and Research of the State Board of Conservation was established August 6, 1947, and with this division the Geological Survey cooperates to avoid duplication of investigations. Since the Geological Survey had for many years reported upon ground water and water within surface formations, this phase of the work has been continued. The Division of Water Survey and Research has concerned itself primarily with problems of surface water, drainage, and flood control.
Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station: Cooperation has been continued with the University of Florida in studying the properties of the State's mineral resources. At present some clays are being investigated, particularly for the possibility of light weight aggregate manufacture and suitability for pottery. Plans are completed for testing dolomites and other materials for use in the making of rock wool. And later, a survey of sand deposits will be undertaken and tests made as to their suitability for glass manufacture. It is indeed a satisfaction that materials can be tested within our State and by a State institution. This


13







14 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

means that we shall in time have much more information about the potential possibilities of the mineral resources than has heretofore been available to us.
Florida State Board of Health: Cooperation with the State Board of Health has been continued on an increased scale and the Survey has benefited very materially. As a result accurate records of many municipal wells and of wells drilled for public supplies, are now obtained. In problems of ground-water contamination this cooperation too, has proved to be mutually advantageous.
State Chemist: The Act, Chapter 5681, establishing the Geological Survey was passed by the Legislature of 1907 and Section 6 of this Act provides that "All chemical, analytical or assay work shall be performed by the State Chemist and his assistants,.. .". Through the years the State Chemist has always performed this function and this cooperation has been most helpful. In many instances chemical analyses are absolutely essential in determining mineral specimens and evaluating materials for possible commercial use.
Department of Education and Florida Resource-Use Education Committee: The Geological Survey receives numerous requests from elementary and high schools throughout the State for publications and for exhibits of Florida rocks and minerals. Through arrangement with school libraries many of the high schools receive and have on file current bulletins and other publications of the Survey. The need for an understanding by all citizens of the basic role that mineral resources and their proper utilization play in the social and economic well being of our State and Nation is recognized. Soon after the creation of the Survey a museum of geology and natural history was established, and, since that time, the museum has been maintained as one of its educational functions. This museum is open daily and incomplete records show that 4,870 people, including whole classes of students from grade and high schools located in the vicinity of Tallahassee, visited the museum during the biennium.
It is the objective of the Florida Geological Survey to arouse, foster and stimulate interest in Florida's mineral resources, their use and development. To that end, and, to satisfy the increasing demand for collections of rocks and minerals received from schools and other organizations, 1,000 sets of 18 typical







NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


rocks and minerals, together with descriptive literature were prepared. With the cooperation of the Department of Education and the Florida Resource-Use Committee approximately 700 sets of this collection were mailed to schools in Florida during the period from September, 1949, through December, 1950. The results of this educational program have been most gratifying and plans have been formulated to continue and expand this activity of the Survey.
Other State Departments: Cooperation is maintained also with the Florida State Road Department, the Florida Forest Service, the Park Service, the Advertising Commission and the Improvement Commission. The Governor, during November, 1949, created the Florida Industrial Development Council, composed of nine members from Florida's representative industries. In addition, the Florida State Chamber of Commerce and the administrative heads of several official State Agencies were invited to serve as ex-officio members to assist in bringing more industries to Florida. The Director of the Florida Geological Survey is an ex-officio member of this Industrial Council and it has been a pleasure and privilege to serve. Results of this Commission's activities are already felt in the State.

WELL EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT DATA
The Florida Geological Survey has made substantial progress in its studies of water supplies throughout the State. For years through the courteous cooperation of many well contractors and drillers complete data on new wells, including cuttings for the well sample library, have been submitted to the Geological Survey for permanent reference. These data have on numerous occasions proved most helpful in not only giving direct and immediate information on the character, thickness, age and other details on the sub-surface formations, but they have time and again proved invaluable in solving difficulties that have developed in particular wells after the well had been in use for years. As an additional aid in these water resource studies the Geological Survey, purchased May, 1949, a Widco electric logging unit. This equipment is especially designed for the logging of shallow holes such as water wells, seismograph shot holes and exploratory core holes. The Survey has already been of very material assistance to the following Florida cities and official


15







16 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

agencies in the exploration and development of water supplies and the condition of wells that were giving trouble: Bonifay, Holmes County; Blountstown, Calhoun County; Cocoa, U. S. Army Training Missile Range, Brevard County; Lake City, Columbia County; Orlando, Orange County; Port St. Joe, Gulf County; Santa Rosa Island Authority, Fair Point Peninsula, four miles south of Pensacola, Santa Rosa County; Tallahassee, Leon County; Wildwood, Sumter County.

OIL PROSPECTING
Oil exploratory drilling in Florida during 1949 kept pace with that for 1948, although there was a definite curtailment during the latter part of the year. This slackening of activity was more pronounced for 1950. During 1949, twenty-four permits to drill were issued, whereas in 1950, there were only nine. Of the twenty-four 1949 permits, four wells were brought in as producers-all in the Sunniland Field-fifteen proved dry holes and were abandoned, three wells were drilling on December 31, 1949, and two were locations. One of these locations, in Levy County, approved August 16, 1949, has as yet not been drilled. Prospecting during 1950 declined to the lowest level since 1943. Three wells begun late in 1949 were completed early in 1950 and abandoned as dry holes. One well begun in 1945, on which progress has been intermittent and slow, was active throughout the year. Only nine permits for the drilling of new wells were issued in 1950. Of these, eight were completed as dry holes and abandoned, and one R. E. Skinner's J. A. Boyd, Block 10, No. 1, Pinellas County, was drilling at the end of the year. The total activity for 1950 was three completions, the permits for which were issued in 1949, and eight completions, the permits for which were issued in 1950, and two wells drilling, one permit in 1945, the other in 1950. Further details are recorded in the 1950 Supplement to Information Circular No. 1 (Revised).

PUBLICATIONS

Manuscripts: A bulletin detailing the geology, structure, stratigraphy and mineral resources of Levy and Citrus Counties has been in preparation for some time by Dr. R. 0. Vernon. With the progress of the study has come the necessity of broadening the








NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


area to be considered in order to more satisfactorily solve and interpret some of the problems involved. This has delayed the completion of the report, but it is certain that it has added to the completeness. The report is in manuscript form and the several cross-sections, graphs, maps and illustrations have been completed. Very shortly bids will be asked for printing.
Also in manuscript form is a report on the geology and mineral resources of Jackson County, by Dr. Wayne E. Morse. This will soon go to press and appear as one of the Survey bulletins.
A revision of a report on the Mineral Resources and Industries of Florida is in progress by Dr. James L. Calver. It is planned to have this in readiness for printing and distribution before the expiration of the current fiscal year.
Several short papers have been prepared dealing with various subjects, such as the Kissengen Spring, Polk County, the submarine spring off the coast, near St. Augustine, and subjects of equal interest. It is planned to include these in one bulletin under a new series of miscellaneous papers.
Published Reports: During the biennium the following publications have been prepared by members of the Department, and by members of the U. S. Geological Survey and the U. S. Bureau of Mines in cooperation with the Florida Survey: Eighth Biennial Report, calendar years 1947-1948, including mineral production statistics for 1946-1947, 1949, 30 pp.

Mimeographed Reports
Information Circular No. 2, Florida Kaolins and Clays, 1949,
59 pp., 2 figs. $ .50
1949 Supplement to Information Circular No. 1-Revised, Exploration for Oil and Gas in Florida, 1950, 39 pp., frontispiece, 1 fig., 2 tables. $ .50
Information Circular No. 3, Ground Water in Florida, 1950, 6 pp.,
frontispiece, 4 figs. $ .25
Report of Investigations 4515, U. S. Bureau of Mines, September
1941, Titanium Minerals in Central and Northeastern Florida, 1949, 62 pp., 26 figs.

Special Publications
A collection of some Florida Rocks and Minerals, 1949, 8 pp.,
18 specimens. $ .50. Primarily for the schools of Florida


17








18 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


MINE VALUE

FLORIDA MINERAL PRODUCTS


60


55 $ 54,998,000


50

$ 45,992,000 45 s 40


35

$ 31,093.000 30


25 $ 25,070,000


20 $p 20,304,000 1510


5


o )0 Nf '-Uw lwm


ALL OTHERS SAND a GRAVEL LIMESTONE

PHOSPHATE


Figure 4-Graph of Total Value of Mineral Production of Florida for
the Period 1938 to 1949 Inclusive.


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NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


FLORIDA MINERAL INDUSTRY DURING 1948 AND 1949
Statistics Collected in Cooperation with the United States Bureau of Mines
During the past few years the mineral industry of Florida has undergone a tremendous expansion. For the year 1940 the total value of Florida's mineral production as reported to the U. S. Bureau of Mines amounted to $14,854,000 and the State ranked thirty-fifth among the states in the value of minerals produced. By 1948, the last year for which complete data are available, the total value had increased to $53,654,000 and Florida's rank among the states in value of mineral products had increased to twenty-eight. For comparison with the rank of other states in the southeastern United States for the year 1948, North Carolina ranked thirty-sixth; South Carolina, forty-second; Georgia, thirty-third; Tennessee, twenty-sixth; and Alabama, fifteenth. The growth of the mineral industry is shown graphically in Figure 4 which illustrates the value of Florida mineral products during the 12-year period of 1938-1949 inclusive. Florida led all states in the quantity of peat, phosphate rock, rutile, and zircon produced in 1948; placed second in ilmenite production and third in fuller's earth. The principal mineral products of Florida listed in order of their value are: phosphate rock, limestone, cement, sand and gravel. Complete statistical data for the year 1949 are not yet available, nevertheless the portion of the 1949 data that have been released by the U. S. Bureau of Mines shows the total value of Florida's mineral products, as reported by the producers, to be $54,998,000. This is an increase of $1,344,000 over the previous year. The quantity and value of rock and mineral products for the years 1948 and 1949 are shown in the tables on pages 24 to 27.
Early in 1949 the Humphreys Gold Corporation began operation of the E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company's mine and mineral separation plant to recover titanium minerals and zircon from a sand deposit located about six miles east of Starke. The site is a part of Camp Blanding on land leased by the du Pont Company from the Florida State Armory Board in December, 1947. The mine and plant capacity is designed for an output of 100,000 tons of ilmenite a year from sands analyzing about 4 to 4.5 percent heavy mineral of which less than half is composed of


19








20 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GiOLOGICAL SURVEY

titanium minerals. For every ton of ilmenite recovered it is necessary to mine 50 tons of sand. This million dollar enterprise employing approximately 200 men was established on an ore deposit originally outlined by the Florida Geological Survey and proved commercial during a cooperative study completed April, 1947, with the U. S. Bureau of Mines.


PRODUCERS REPORTING PRODUCTION IN 1948 AND 1949
Product Company Location
CALCAREOUS MARL
Maule Industries, Inc ......................... Miami Beach
CEMENT
Florida Portland Cement Division,
General Portland Cement Company .................. Tampa
CLAY
Used by Producer:
Florida Portland Cement Division .................... Tampa
Taylor Brick & Tile Company .................... Pensacola
Non-Commercial:
Florida State Hospital ....................... Chattahoochee
FLINT ROCK
Crushed:
Coy Thomas Industries .......................... Gainesville
FULLER'S EARTH
The Floridin Company, Inc. ......................... Quincy
ILMENITE, RUTILE AND ZIRCON
E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company ................ Starke
Florida Ore Processing Company ................. Melbourne
Rutile Mining Company of Florida .............. Jacksonville
KAOLIN
Edgar Plastic Kaolin Company ....................... Edgar
United Clay Mines, Inc. .......................... Hawthorn
LIME
City of Miami Department of Water and Sewers ....... Miami Dixie Lime Products Company ........................ Ocala
LIMESTONE
Concrete, Road Metal and Screenings:
Camp Concrete Rock Company ....................... Ocala
Central Quarries Company, Inc . ................... Lakeland
C. M eekins ..................................... Hollywood
Crystal River Rock Company ...................... Leesburg
Cummer Lime and Manufacturing
Company ......................... Ocala and Jacksonville
r)ixie Lime Products Company ........................ Ocala
Florida Lime Products Company ..................... Ocala
Levy County Lime Rock Corporation ............... Williston
Maule Industries, Inc . ........................ Miami Beach
Miami Crushed Stone Company ...................... Miami









NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


Miami Lime and Chemical Company, Inc.............. Miami
Mills Rock Company of Miami, Inc ........ ..........Miami
Naranja Rock Company, Inc............. .Naranja and Miami
Newberry Corporation .......................... Jacksonville
Oolite Rock Company ............................... Miami
Ralph Fuzzard ..................................... Miami
S. P. Snyder and Son, Inc................... Fort Lauderdale
Troup Quarries, Inc ................................. Miami
Williston Shell Rock Company ........................ Ocala
Wm. P. MacDonald Corporation ................. Auburndale
Railroad Ballast and Aggregate:
Cummer Lime and Manufacturing Co... Ocala and Jacksonville Miami Crushed Stone Company ...................... Miami
Murphy and Mills Corporation ....................... Miami
Naranja Rock Company, Inc ............. Naranja and Miami
Agricultural:
Cummer Lime and Manufacturing Co... Ocala and Jacksonville Dixie Lime Products Company ........................ Ocala
Florida Dolomite Company ....................... Pembroke
Florida Lime Products Company ...................... Ocala
Other Limestone Uses:
C. M eekins ...................................... Hollywood
Connell and Schultz .............................. Inverness
Cummer Lime and Manufacturing Co... Ocala and Jacksonville
Ocala Lime Rock Corporation ......................
T. J. James Construction Company, Inc . .............. Miami
Thompson-Williston Mine ...................... Jacksonville
United Lime Rock Corporation .................. Jacksonville
Non-Commercial:
Broward County Highway Department ....... Fort Lauderdale Dade County Highway Department ................... Miami
Marion County Highway Department ................. Ocala
Martin County Highway Department ................ Stewart
Palm Beach County Highway Department .. West Palm Beach PEAT
Deatwyler Nurseries ............................... Orlando
Florahome Peat Humus Company ................... Palatka
Florida Nursery Landscape Company ............... Leesburg
Glen St. Mary Nurseries Company ............. Glen St. Mary
Southern States Nursery ......................... Macclenny
West Florida Humus Company ................. Panama City
PETROLEUM
Humble Oil and Refining Company ............... Sunniland
PHOSPHATE
Hard Rock:
C. & J. Camp, Inc ................................... Ocala
J. Buttgenbach and Company ..................... Lakeland
Kibler-Camp Phosphate Enterprise ................... Ocala
Soft:
Colloidal Phosphate Sales Company ............... Dunnellon
Kellogg Company ...... .............................. Ocala
Lakeland Phosphate and Fertilizer Company ......... Bartow Loncala Phosphate Company .................. High Springs
Seaboard Phosphate Company ................... Dunnellon
Soil Builders, Inc . ............................... Dunnellon
Superior Phosphate Company .................... Dunnellon


21









22 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

Land Pebble:
American Agricultural Chemical Corporation .......... Pierce American Cyanamid Company ..................... Brewster
Coronet Phosphate Company ..................... Plant City
International Minerals and Chemical Company ..... Mulberry Pembroke Chemical Corporation .................. Pembroke
Swift and Company Fertilizer Works ................. Bartow
The Davison Chemical Company .................... Bartow
The Phosphate Mining Company Division,
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation ............. Nichols
SAND AND GRAVEL
Structural Sand:
Alfred Destin Company ....................... Miami Beach
Brewton Engineering Company ................ Panama City
Campbell and Johnson .................. Flomaton, Alabama
Central Sand Company ............................ Tavares
Coleman and Maige ......... . .................. Tallahassee
Diamond Inteilachen Corporation ............... Jacksonville
Florida Gravel Company .................... Chattahoochee
Hauser Concrete Company .......................... Deland
Howard Backus ..................................... Miami
Keuka Sand Company .............................. Keuka
Lake Wales Concrete Sand Company ............. Lake Wales
Lake Wales Independent Sand Company ......... Lake Wales Largo Washed Sand Company ........................ Largo
Maule Industries .................................... Miami
Middle Florida Sand Company ............... Chattahoochee
United Clay Mines Corporation ................... Hawthorn
Ward Gravel Company ........................... Pensacola
Paving Sand:
Brewton Engineering Company ................ Panama City
Coleman and Maige ......... ....... .... ...Tallahassee
Diamond Interlachen Corporation ............... Jacksonville
Florida Gravel Company .................... Chattahoochee
Keuka Sand Company .............................. Keuka
Lake Wales Concrete Sand Company ............. Lake Wales
Ward Gravel Company ........................... Pensacola
Other Sand Uses:
Brewton Engineering Company ................ Panama City
Diamond Interlachen Corporation ............... Jacksonville
Florida Gravel Company ..... ...............Chattahoochee
Lake Wales Independent Sand Company. ........ Lake Wales
Non-Commercial Sand:
Highlands County Highway Department ............. Sebring
Stidetural Gravel:
Campbell and Johnson .................. Flomaton, Alabama
Male Industries .................................... Miami
Paving Gravel:
Florida Gravel Company .................... Chattahoochee
Ward Gravel Company ........................... Pensacola
















Mineral Production Statistics










24 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

MINERAL PRODUCTS

PRODUCT
CLAY, used in cement (not included in Total Value) ......
NATURAL GAS ........................................
PE A T ..................................................
PETROLEUM ..........................................
PHOSPHATE
Land
Uses: pebble
Superphosphates ............................ 5,117,520
Phosphorus and phosphate chemicals ........ . 316,658 Direct application to the soil ................. .467,231
Stock and poultry feed ...................... 21,973
Fertilizer filler .............................. 14,789
Other purposes ........................... .. .. . 99
Exports .................................... 483,455

Total in long tons ........................... 6,421,725
Value at mine .............................. $37,070,381
SAND AND GRAVEL
Uses:
Structural ............................................
Paving-commercial ...................................
non-com m ercial ..............................
Blast sand & engine sand ..............................
Railroad ballast ......................................

Total in short tons ....................................
Value at m ine .......................................
STONE
Uses:
Concrete, road metal and screenings ....................
Agricultural .........................................
Road base ..........................................
Riprap, railroad ballast and others .....................
Total in short tons ....................................
Value at quarries .....................................
MISCELLANEOUS* .....................................

TOTAL VALUE OF MINERAL PRODUCTS ..............
Miscellaneous includes value of cement, clay products, kaolin, fuller's earth, petroleum, lime, flint, dimensional stone, ilmenite, rutile, and
zircon.
Data from U. S. Bureau of Mines.









NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT

STATE OF FLORIDA

QUANTITY VALUE
.....Short tons ................. 49,386 $ 37,040
.....M Cubic feet................ 27,000 1,000
.....Short tons .................. 24,750 56,171
.....Barrels ..................... 290,000 *


Long tons Phosphatic
clay


46,264 18,537
4,534



69,335 $ 293,927
Short tons
Sand
1,185,399 98,266 136,350
7,330


1,427,345 $1,189,734


Hard rock


48,198 48,198 $ 368,586


Gravel
541,506
22,000


321,280 884,786
$1,242,841


6,539,258


2,312,131


$37,732,894


$ 2,432,575


Short tons
Crushed limestone
3,754,130
99,300
259,411 42,079
..... ...................... 4,154,920
................... ........................... $ 5,115,974
..... ..... .... .......................... $ 8,315,229

. .. ..................................... $53,654,000


25








26 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

MINERAL PRODUCTS

PRODUCT
CLAYS, sold or used* ...................................
Clay, used in cement (not included in Total Value) ........
NATURAL GAS ........................................
PE AT ..................................................
PETROLEUM ..........................................
PHOSPHATE ROCK
Land
Uses: pebble
Superphosphates ............................ 4,961,915
Phosphorus and phosphate chemicals ......... .342,282 Direct application to the soil ................. .474,528
Stock and poultry feed ...................... 28,400
Fertilizer filler .............................. 5,266
Exports .................................... 902,706

Total in long tons ...................... . .... 6,715,097
Value at mine ............ ................. $37,339,985
SAND AND GRAVEL
Uses:
Structural ............................................
Paving- comm ercial ..................................
non-commercial ..............................
Blast sand, railroad ballast, filter sand and other ........

Total in short tons ....................................
Value at m ine .......................................
STONE
Uses:
Concrete, road metal and screenings ...................
Railroad ballast ......................................
R oad base ............................................
Riprap, agricultural and other .........................
Total in short tons ....................................
Value at quarries .....................................
MISCELLANEOUS** ...............................

TOTAL VALUE OF MINERAL PRODUCTS ..............
Includes clay used in brick manufacture, kaolin, and fuller's earth.
* Miscellaneous includes value of calcareous marl, cement, petroleum,
lime, flint, dimensional stone, ilmenite, rutile and zircon.
Data from U. S. Bureau of Mines.









NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


STATE OF FLORIDA

QUANTITY VALUE
.....Short tons .................. 95,516 $ 1,446,544
.....Short tons .... ............. 80,078 40,039
.....M cubic feet ............. .. 40,000 2,000
.....Short tons .................. 11,800 69,000
..... Barrels ..................... 441,000 **
Long tons
Phosphatic Hard
clay rock
3,145

47,782 28,303
1,003
- 20,659

77,088 23,804 6,815,989
$ 344,787 $ 173,211 $37,857,983
Short tons
Sand Gravel
1,165,458 620,000
156,07.9 90,967
141,850
69,544

1,532,931 710,967 2,243,898
$1,190,753 $ 688,980 $ 1,879,733
Short tons
Crushed limestone
3,067,440
407,300 584,390 155,960
................................. 4,215,090
............................................. $ 4,748,253
............................................. $ 8,994,380

............................................. $54,998,000


27








28 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY APPROPRIATIONS July 1, 1949 - June 30, 1951
Current:
The appropriation under which the Florida Survey is currently operating for the biennium July 1, 1949, to June 30, 1951, follows:


July 1, 1949 to
June 30, 1950
Salaries ..... .$ 65,500.00 Expenses ... . 72,000.00

TOTAL ...... $137,500.00


July 1, 1950 to June 30, 1951 $ 65,500.00 72,000.00

$137,500.00


Held in reserve the first year was $8,037.50 for salaries and $10,868.75 for expenses. Held in reserve the second year was $3,275.00 for salaries and $3,600.00 for expenses to December 31, 1950.

Requested:
For the biennium beginning July 1, 1951 and ending June 30, 1953, the following Budget has been requested:


July 1, 1951 to June 30, 1952
Salaries ..... .$ 68,900.00 Expenses .... 83,550.00

TOTAL ...... $152,450.00


July 1, 1952 to June 30, 1953 $ 68,900.00
83,550.00

$152,450.00









NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


FINANCIAL STATEMENT 1949
January 1 to December 31

Funds Released:
Salaries:
Balance January 1, 1949 ....... $30,925.12
General Revenue July 1, 1949..$16,375.00
Less Reserve ................ 3,125.00 13,250.00

General Revenue October 1, 1949 16,375.00
Less Reserve ................ 1,637.50 14,737.50

Total Funds Released for
Salaries for Year ......... $ 58,912.62

Expenses:
Balance January 1, 1949 ........ 23,712.65
General Revenue, July 1, 1949. . . 18,000.00
Less Reserve ................ 5,468.75 12,531.25

General Revenue October 1, 1949 18,000.00
Less Reserve ............... .1,800.00 16,200.00

Publications Sold .............. 441.80

Total Funds Released for
Expenses for Year ........ 52,885.70

Total Funds Released for Salaries and Expenses for
Year $111,798.32


29







30 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

FINANCIAL STATEMENT
1949
January 1 to December 31
Disbursements:
Salaries $ 48,167.42
Expenses:
Repairs to Equipment ........ $ 143.23 Printing and Binding ........ 1,020.82 Photographing and Blue Printing 45.00
Heat, Gas, Light, Power,
Water and Sewage ....... . 288.23
Telephone, Telegraph and
Messenger Charges ....... . 809.18
Freight, Express and Cartage.. 69.13 Travel - Employees ......... .3,250.24
Information and Credit
Services .....................25.00
Other Contractual Services:
U.S.G.S. CooperativeGround Water ..........14,038.51
U.S.G.S. CooperativeSurface Water .......... 2,320.41
U.S.G.S. CooperativeQuality Water .............500.00
Cooperative ResearchOther .................1,451.74
Parts and Fittings .......... 78.11
Stationery and Office Supplies 11,171.86
Chemicals and Laboratory
Supplies ....................389.12
Gasoline, Oil and Lubricants.. 1,669.84
Hand Tools and Minor Equipment ....................... 22.63
Cleaning and Laundry Supplies 12.50
InsuranceBuildings and Equipment... 36.65
InsuranceLiability & W'kmen's Comp. 111.20
Registrations, Dues, Fees,
Commissions, etc. .............9.00
Office Furniture and Equipment ......................206.40
Automotive Equipment ...... 7.77
Books .......................507.38
Miscellaneous Expenses ...... 93.73

Total Expenses ........... $38,277.68

Total Disbursements ..... $ 86,445.10
Balances:
Salary Fund June 30, 1949 .... 6,168.44 Salary Fund December 31, 1949 4,576.76

Total Salary Fund Balances 10,745.20
Expense Fund June 30, 1949.. 304.99 Expense Fund Dec. 31, 1949.. 14,303.03

Total Expense Fund Balances 14,608.02

Total Balances $ 25,353.22

Total Disbursements and
Balances $111,798.32









NINTH BIENNIAL REPORT


FINANCIAL STATEMENT 1950
January 1 to December 31

Funds Released:
Salaries:
Balance January 1, 1950..... .... $ 4,576.76
General Revenue Jan. 1, 1950. .$16,375.00
Less Reserve .............. 1,637.50 14,737.50

General Revenue April 1, 1950. 16,375.00
Less Reserve ..............1,637.50 14,737.50

General Revenue July 1, 1.950.. 16,375.00
Less Reserve .............. 1,637.50 14,737.50

General Revenue Oct. 1, 1950. 16,375.00
Less Reserve ............... 1,637.50 14,737.50

Total Funds Released for
Salaries for Year ....... $ 63,526.76

Expenses:
Balance January 1, 1950 ...... 14,303.03
General Revenue Jan. 1, 1950. 18,000.00
Less Reserve ...............1,800.00 16,200.00

General Revenue April 1, 1950. 18,000.00
Less Reserve ...............1,800.00 16,200.00

General Revenue July 1, 1950. 18,000.00
Less Reserve ............................ 1,800.00 16,200.00

General Revenue Oct. 1, 1950. 18,000.00
Less Reserve .............. 1,800.00 16,200.00
Publications Sold 317.77

Total Funds Released for
Expenses for year ......... 79,420.80

Total Funds Released for Salaries and Expenses for
Year $142,947.56


31





32 CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT-GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


FINANCIAL STATEMENT January 1 to December 31
1950


Disbursements:
Salaries .......................
Expenses:
Repairs to Equipment . -.. ....$
Repairs to Buildings........
Printing and Binding ........
Photographing and Blue
Printing ...............
Heat, Gas, Light, Power, Water
and Sewage.............
Postage........ ..........
Telephone, Telegraph, and
Messenger Charges......
Freight, Express and Cartage.
Travel - Employees .........
Storage........ ...........
Information and Credit Services..................
Other Contractual Services:
U.S.G.S. CooperativeGround Water ..........2
U.S.G.S. CooperativeSurface Water.........
U.S.G.S. CooperativeQuality Water.........
Cooperative ResearchOther................
Parts and Fittings ..........
Other Building Materials .....
Other Materials............
Stationery and Office Supplies....................
Chemicals and Laboratory
Supplies ................
Gasoline, Oil, and Lubricants.
Hand Tools and Minor Equipment ...................
Cleaning and Laundry Supplies Rental of Buildings, Offices and
Land. ..................
Rental of Equipment.......
InsuranceLiability, Workmen's Compensation .................
Registrations, Dues, Fees, Commissions, etc. ..........
Office Furniture and Equipment.................
Engineering and Scientific
Equipment.................
Automotive Equipment .........
Books.. .............

Total Expenses..........

Total Disbursements.
Balances:
Salary Fund Dec. 31, 1950 ....
Expense Fund Dec. 31, 1950 ...

Total Disbursements and
Balances ..................


581.56 9.00 722.27 67.79 135.50 165.91 148.18
152.84 3,235.79
3.25 53.00


2,743.69

3,015.04 500.00

1,922.54 226.59 2.05 5.18 580.57 517.35
1,046.74

84.45 42.11 6,090.97
2.00


476.40 6.25

582.24 1,151.38 1,096.48 311.75


45,678.87


$ 99,942.91

9,262.72 33,741.93

$142,947.56


$54,264.04