Front Cover
 Title Page
 Gas works - Bathing pool - Why...
 Panorama of Putnam County

Title: Panorama of Palatka and Putnam County, Florida
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00000024/00001
 Material Information
Title: Panorama of Palatka and Putnam County, Florida
Series Title: Panorama of Palatka and Putnam County, Florida
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Palatka (Fla.) Bureau of Information
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00000024
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0147
ltuf - AAQ5476
alephbibnum - 000139368

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
        Frontispiece 1
        Frontispiece 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 2a
        Page 2b
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 4a
        Page 4b
    Gas works - Bathing pool - Why we grow - Our thanks
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 32b
    Panorama of Putnam County
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 34a
        Page 34b
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 36a
        Page 38
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 38a
        Page 38b
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 40a
        Page 40b
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 42a
        Page 44
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 44b
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 46a
        Page 46b
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 48a
        Page 48b
        Page 48c
        Page 48d
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
Full Text

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It has been prophesied, and that by men not residents of the South,
o ,~m -F I4rhm h ra,, nIar-a-T- fri-;a Alr + -r,- +'ha Ct- Ih ,n,;1 +'nl ,r -h-ll t +

IVCIU T I 11( A 441-4 /i + 4-1-* rt

:essful industries and the varied products of the South have
rior opportunities for all classes of men, and her future is

ivorable conditions have been brought about by two principal

rhe indomitable energy of our people. Left at the close of the
ough of despondency-land, slaves, money, and credit gone-
irst as though it would require a century to recover. But the
iple would not submit to the condition in which the fate of war
so, the Southern heart, full of energy and personal honor, rose
povertyy and wretchedness, and, with hands unknown to labor,
o reconstruct from the fragments a country that is destined to
of America.
-What no war can take from us, a genial and healthful

uses and conditions have been the means of creating an almost
mber of inquiries from every part of the Union. They come
.1, and they are becoming so numerous that it is impossible to
with a pen. Under this condition of affairs, the citizens of
Painted a committee to gather up our advantages and present


ct_-_-- ._~_


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Our city has been, until within a few months, lighted by gas.
now also have two electric light plants in full operation, and a five ye
contract has been made by the city for lighting the streets by electricity.


Our Sulphur Bathing Pool is well patronized. It is furnished b
magnificent artesian well. It is said the water has fine medicinal qualil
and many persons have been benefited by the baths.


The editor has repeatedly shown that our superior advantages
shipping point naturally draw trade to this city, and many establish
that began in a retail way, a little while ago, are now doing an increa
wholesale trade. Take, for instance, the firm of Gay Brothers, gro(
They began a few years ago in a side street half-a-dozen blocks from
center of business, with the view of doing a local uptown trade, and 1
they ship to merchants in all parts of Florida. Every train carries out 1;
quantities of groceries from this establishment. They have a splendid re
station for liberal dealing, and their trade is bound to grow.


We desire to return thanks to Messrs. Martin Griffin, Sr., hard,

a~8::rlB5%1~~~~ h

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pr"ilYL*l Olyrl Ylrwo

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Putnam County is south of 30 degrees latitude and east of 82 degrees
longitude. It is eighteen miles west of the Atlantic Ocean and sixty-five
miles east of the Gulf of Mexico.
Putnam County was organized in 1847. Its success in material prog-
ress, permanent wealth and industrious and settled population has been
steady from the start. A section almost unknown to geography until its
organization, and divided by a river almost unknown to commerce, it has
become one of the foremost counties in the State, possessing $5,000,-
000 in farm values, a population exceeding 10,000; over 5,000 houses from
the plainest to the most elegant designs; seventy-seven public schools, with
ninety-two teachers, and an enrollment of 2,650 pupils, and a surplus fund
of $5,000; sixty post offices, transmitting in 1893 2,897,000 letters and
packages; having 17,665 acres of improved lands at an assessed value
of $1,599,520, with an annual crop of $1,555,000; shipping 500,000
boxes of oranges and lemons, being one-tenth of the entire crop of the
Notwithstanding the favorable progress of the past, it is believed that
Putnam County has but reached the introduction to the splendid success

uLCI sunigly I ilKlIcu uIViNiumI.
rn portion of the county. The s
peninsula between the River St.
Itary to the river through a navi
f high, rolling hills, beautiful
ugged ridges and low marshes.
Lakes Como, Broward, Mar
iater, surrounded by high eleval
yiver is a deep, navigable stream
,ake. North of Dunn's Creek 1
o an elevation of thirty to 100 1

ke-the latter a trib-
linsula is composed
akes, dense forests,

)nsiderable bodies of
is peninsula. Dunn's
ohns with Crescent
takes a sudden rise
'his section embraces

bottom land and swamps. The famous Ocklawaha River runs through
this portion of the county. The Ocklawaha is a navigable river, although
exceedingly tortuous in its course. It is a channel formed through a deep
cypress swamp, suddenly issuing into the St. Johns opposite the prosperous
town of Welaka.
North of the Ocklawaha, following the St. Johns, the country is roll-
ing, save that part close to the water's edge, and in some instances the land
running to the river is high.
In the western portion of the county the topography assumes another
distinct form of character almost unlike any other portion. save Fruitland
Peninsular. One part, about fifteen miles wide, is an elevated ridge 150
feet above the ocean. The surface may be described as hills and lakes. The
hills are gentle elevations, rising often to fifty feet above the lakes. Lakes
in the western part of the county are very numerous, and are from a few
acres to several square miles in area. There are also in this part of the
county prairies and swamps, but not extensive. The lakes are pure, clear
water, soft, and used by many for household purposes. They never scum
over, as the constant breezes areate the water and keep it pure.
The north part of the county is rough and rolling. On the margin of
the St. Johns, on the west side, the land is several feet above high water
mark. From the north boundary line to Palatka and from this point to
Fort Gates, the land is usually low along the margin of the river, save in a
few places, and at many points, especially in the region of the Ocklawaha,
subject at times to overflow.
Drayton Island is located on Lake George, a short distance from its
entrance into the St. Johns River. It contains an area of 2,000 acres, from
five to fifteen feet above the water. The margin is hammock, but the
interior is flatwoods. There are some fine groves and prosperous truck
farms on the island. The lands on the mainland, in the vicinity of the St.
Johns and Lake George, are high enough for cultivation. High pine lands
lie back from one to three miles from the river and lake, their surface being
undulating and interspersed with clear-water lakes.
The St. Johns River, at the southern boundary of this county, is four
miles wide, gradually narrowing until you near Palatka, when it is only one
mil \Irltlpf Rfln frrm +1h; nntin+t ri H roirll ,ri c l \fat h n nll h;l- qhp 0 -,l-i


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281,000 acres. Of this amount 200,000 acres are owned by private
individuals and subject to taxation.
The County of Putnam has three rivers, St. Johns, Ocklawaha and
Dunns. The important creeks are: Little Orange Creek, a tributary to the
Ocklawaha; Deep Creek, near Federal Point; Rice and Etoniah Creeks,
entering the St. Johns north of Palatka; Sulphur Creek, at Mt. Royal; Big
Muddy Creek, near Fort Gates; Mill Creek, opposite Palatka; Cow Creek,
near Orange Mills. All of these streams are permanent, some of them
affording good water power. The White Water Branch, in Palatka, is the
purest water in America.
The lands of this county are classified as high and low hammock, high
and low pine and swamp. The last are the richest lands in the United
States. They are especially adapted to sugar-cane, and have been known
to yield four hogsheads of sugar to an acre. The hammock lands are
covered with hard woods-hickory, oak, gum and magnolia. The high
hammock is adapted to all kinds of crops; the low hammock affords
splendid pasture the year through. The pine lands are divided into high
pine and flatwoods. Both are fertile to a more or less extent. They are
preferred to the hammock for oranges because they are more easily brought
into cultivation. The soil is of a sandy nature, gray, with some humus.
The subsoil is yellow, the clay red, yellow and white.
Our products are sea island cotton, corn, sugar-cane, tobacco, oats, rice,
rye, arrowroot, cassava, pinders, potatoes, chufas, field peas, melons, etc.
Early vegetables are produced in abundance and placed upon the Northern
markets when that land is covered with snow and ice.
Putnam County, "the home of the citrus fruit," produces every variety
of fruit. Oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, citron, figs, grapes, pome-
granates, peaches, plums, pears, strawberries, blackberries, guavas, bananas,
grow to perfection. There are 900 orange groves in the county.
The yield in 1894 was 500,000 boxes. The characteristics of the county
for fruit-growing are, rapid and vigorous growth, comparative freedom
from disease and insects, only moderate injury from severe cold. The cool
nights in the fall stop the growth and harden the trees so that they can
resist the cold much better than they can further south, where the trees are
full of sap all winter.
Stock-raising is carried on to a considerable extent. It is estimated
that the value of the animals slaughtered in 1893 exceeded $100,000.
Poultry-raising is carried on with large profits; eggs and chickens find ready
sale and good markets.
The number of families settled in this county exceed 2,500. Out
reports further on will show that they possess the usual adjuncts of civiliza.

ion, such as schools, churches, societies for business and pleasure, highways,
stores, factories, etc.
There are a number of valuable springs in the county. The Sulphur
Springs, at Mt. Royal and Welaka, and the Lithia Spring, at Keuka, are
consideredd valuable for their medicinal qualities.
Lake George is the largest lake. It is twenty miles long and ten miles
vide. It is a magnificent sheet of water, as beautiful as any in the world,
lot excepting its namesake in New York State. Drayton Island, just
inside of the north entrance, is an attractive spot, and has delightful homes
Ind profitable groves and truck gardens. Crescent Lake, on the east side
)f the county, presents a rich variety of scenery and grand landscape.
Como is one mile wide and three miles long. Lakes Broward, Crystal and
Viarguerette are also in this vicinity and are charming scenes.
Lakes in the western part of the county are numerous. Lakes
Claudia and Lulu, at McMeekin, can be seen and admired from the car
windows. They are surrounded with orange groves. Fish Lake and Little
Range are very fine lakes. Lake Keuka, or "Crooked Lake," has twenty-
wo orange groves on its bank. It runs from Pleasant Valley to the town
)f Keuka, on The Florida Southern Railroad. Lakes Lagonda and Chipo
)ound the interesting town of Interlachen. Twin Lakes, Ida and Mirror
-akes, at Mannville, are handsome sheets of water; Lake Kerr, in the south
)art of the county, is two miles wide and five miles long. No other part
)f Florida possesses such varied attractions as Putnam County.


The 500,000 boxes of oranges raised in Putnam County last year
presented $500,000. (The Florida Fruit Exchange reports that it netted
o the grower $1.02 at the grower's home). This is a large sum of money
or one product in what was considered a disastrous financial year. Owing
o hard times and the largest crop ever raised, the prices were forced down
n the early part of the season, but they rallied later, and returns were better
han for years.
Orange-growing is one of the most profitable industries, and all agree
hat it is the most pleasant pursuit; but in orange-growing, as in corn or
vheat-raising, there are many men who know how to raise a crop, but do
lot know how to sell it, and these are the ones we read about. The suc-
:essful ones usually keep their success to themselves. There are men who



: 75 cents a box, and in the same settlement there are growers who get
.40 to $1.80.
To illustrate this, an acquaintance of the writer had on his young grove
third year in bearing-1,400 boxes of oranges. He sold them in March
r $3.75 to $4.50, netting him $4,500 in the grove. A neighbor had 2,000
xes, and his returns were less than $1,000. While there are men who
:eive $3,000 to $10,000, there are others who receive comparatively
thing. The editor interviewed four wealthy men in Palatka who own
oves, and each one stated that, after paying all expenses, his grove paid
n from 15 to 25 per cent. on the $1,000 per acre.
A good bearing grove will yield from 300 to 600 boxes per acre,
:ording to the age and care. A young grove can be made for $60 per
-e in 10-acre lots. It can be fertilized and cared for at $25 per acre per
ar. In five years it will come into bearing. The sixth year from the
ting the writer took from his grove nearly 150 boxes to the acre. A
aring grove can be made for $250 per acre. The highest returns that the
itor has heard of for last year were $7,240 for twelve acres. Last year
"Farmer and Fruit Grower" published a statement that one person had
:eived $40,000 for his crop.
The growers who are enlarging their groves are the ones who cry out
er-production and are doing what they can to prevent other groves being
ade. An investigation of the field proves their cry a selfish one. The
)p in 1891 was 3,599,700 boxes. It had increased in 1894 to 5,000,000
xes. This was an increase of 1,400,000 boxes, and some have figured on
annual increase of 500,000 boxes, taking the above increase for a basis.
ow, in considering this question, it must be remembered that the boom in
ange-tree planting was suddenly stopped in 1886, and the number of trees
hinted since that date will not aggregate 5 per cent. The groves planted
ior to 1886 are now in bearing, and the increase per annum will be very
nall compared with 1890-93. Then those groves planted ten and twelve
iles from transportation will be abandoned because of the long haul to
pot. Looking the ground all over in an impartial way, we are compelled
acknowledge that the prospects for the future grow brighter and the
dustry more permanent. With an orange unequaled by any other portion
the world, with a reputation already established, with a market at our
>ors, there is no reason why orange-growing will not become the most
easant and profitable pursuit in America.



value ot 200 per acre.

I I-N r% C F- i


they take on fat rapidly. The writer had a "hog" brought to him in a
soap box, and in a year sold him for $24. Of late years fine breeds have
been brought in from Georgia and New Jersey, and hog-raising is going to
be profitable, for we can raise abundance of peanuts, chufas and sweet pota-
toes, all of which make the best of food.


We have a very fine grazing country, where cattle pick their living the
year round. The cattlemen are very prosperous. The increase is from 50
to 60 per cent. The only cost is in rounding up, branding, etc. There is a
quicker and larger return in cattle than any other business. Our cattle are
small, but there is a desire to raise the grade, and for this purpose some
fine stock has been imported.
The Jersey cow does well here, especially if imported from near-by
States. Butter-making is becoming an industry, and as there is a constant
demand at thirty-five cents per pound, it is a profitable business. Milk
sells in the towns at ten cents per quart.


Assessed value of
Horses and mules, $ 108,786.
Personal property, 326,064.
Improved lands, 1,599,520.
Unimproved lands, 855,220.
Aggregate value subject to tax, 3,702,538.
State, county and school tax, 12I mills.
County tax collected, 24,189.
Poll tax, 2,000.
License tax, 3,000.
Maintaining roads and bridges, 4,000.


Board of Education.-E. S. Crill, President, Palatka; J. H. Green,
Fruitland; G. W. Riles, McMeekin; Thos. W. Ralph, Secretary.
Thos. W. Ralph, Superintendent.
Total number of schools, 77; white, 57; colored, 26. Enrollment-
White, 1,314; colored, 1,267. Average attendance-White, 791 ; colored,
65'. The schools are presided over by ninety-two teachers; fifty-eight
white, 34 colored.
Amount collected, $25,240.43.
Amount paid teachers, 18,522.33.
Amount expenses, 2,573.06.
Amount on hand-debts all paid, 4,198.04.
The teachers are paid cash every month. Under the management of
the present superintendent, T. W. Ralph, our schools have made great


W. H. COOK, Chairman, Pomona.
S. J. KENNERLY, Palatka.
J. H. YELVINGTON, Orange Mills.
T. L. THOMPSON, Melrose.
W. M. WILLIAMS, Assessor.
JOSEPH PRICE, County Clerk.
JOHN W. HAGEN, Sheriff.
M. I. COXE, County Judge.
W. H. WIGG, Judge of Criminal Court.
B. P. CALHOUN, Solicitor.

~~" gj~F~ef


lii II I -

c- 7(

The following prices and yield were received from truckers:
One hundred barrels of cabbage to an acre, October to March, net $
per barrel.
Beets-One hundred crates to an acre, net $1.50.
Peas-Eighty crates to an acre; prices run from $2 to $5; planted i
October and picked in January.
Egg plants-Sixty barrels per acre; sell from $5 to $12. One ma
made last year $1,800 from one acre.
Snap beans-Eighty crates to an acre, price from $2.50 to $5. Plante
in December.
Tomatoes-This is the leading crop. There have been as many as 25
crates produced on an acre, but one hundred is a good average; last seasc
they netted from $1.50 to $4.
Cucumbers sold as high as $6 per crate, and some extra early brougl
that much per dozen.
Celery does remarkably well, and sells for a high price. The writ.
has had stalks thirty-two inches high; such sell for from $6 to $7 p,
hundred. Can grow 20,000 on an acre.
Irish potatoes are successfully grown. They do best in moist land, ar
yield from 100 to 300 bushels per acre. They sell early in March for froi
$5 to $10 per barrel.
Sweet potatoes are at home in Florida, where we raise from 100 to 6C
bushels per acre. Mr. Borrentine, of Buffalo Bluff, raised one year 6(
bushels per acre. They sell for from 50 cents to $1. A good many ha,
been shipped north of late, netting about 50 cents.
Onions-The Bermuda seed is usually planted. They grow to a goc
average size, and sell from $1.50 to $3.
Early corn is profitable, and the discovery of a new field corn promise
to make corn-raising in Florida profitable.
Sugar-cane is the most profitable of field crops; suitable land w
yield twelve to sixteen barrels of sirup. The Editor heard today of a m:
who raised nine barrels of sirup and one barrel of sugar from one-half ac
of land.
Cassava is going to be a great crop. When dry it contains 71 p
cent. of starch; 500 to 600 bushels can be raised to an acre. J. L. Beldo
of Keuka, sent to the exposition a root that weighed fifty-nine pound
Every living thing will eat it.
One hundred bushels of peanuts have been raised to an acre. Tt
writer could go on for pages speaking of profitable crops, but space forbid
To the man who understands trucking Putnam County offers a field n<


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The quickest and most profitable crop is strawberrii


ns. Apply tc

-- 1

-- -- -

and prosperous orange groves, good school,
g-house. Good land at $5 to $25 per acre. We
;idents, and good people will be heartily wel-
est of Palatka, on The Florida Southern Rail-
Iohns River. Numerous fine, fresh-water lakes
I seventy feet above the river. Good schools
sty. No saloons. Population, 190. Land at
dress postmaster.


i tI J.T.&K W R. T R.

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*""P"""". DlllliOll 16L1N~


$5 to $50 per acre. Want settlers. Has accommodations for winter visi-
tors. Address J. W. Harrison.
Interlachen-Seventeen miles west of Palatka, on The Florida Southern
Railroad, between two beautiful lakes. Two thousand acres in orange
groves; high pine land; beautiful lake scenery; good churches and schools;
six stores, depot, wholesale seed house, bank, money-order post office.
Considered one of the finest locations in the State. Two hotels, number of
boarding-houses. "The Ruralist" is published here and circulated all over the
Union. Land, groves and town property at reasonable prices. Address
O. W. Ewing.
Keuka--Twenty miles from Palatka, on Florida Southern Railroad,
head of Keuka Lake--"Crooked Water." There are twenty-two groves
fn i ll ^ + 11f. fnr + ^n 1 -it n ;,, A f _111- f. t,-r-,;4l .,- --A

pound. Large orange nursery. Good orange and garden land. Very
healthy; never been a case of chills and fever in the place. W. H. Mann
will give further information.
Norwalk-Thirty miles south, on the St. Johns River; about 100
inhabitants. Several large bearing orange groves. Good school, churches,
two stores and a hotel. We want good settlers and winter residents. Ad-
dress Robert W. Bard.
Oak Villa-Ten miles north of Palatka, on the St. Johns River, high,
healthy location, and pleasant neighbors. Fine bearing orange groves and
best of orange land for sale at $5 to $50 per acre. For full information,
address Geo. W. Shapley.
Nashua-Twenty miles south of Palatka, between the St. Johns River
and the Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway. One of the finest
locations in the county. Rolling pine lands for $10 to $25 per acre. Good
school, church, store and boarding house. Address postmaster.
Orange Mills-On the St. Augustine and Indian River Railway, six miles
from Palatka, one-eighth of a mile from the St. Johns River. Prosperous
orange groves, school, and splendid drinking water. Iand for groves or
garden, $5 to $20. Address Samuel L. Lloyd.
Penial-Four and one-half miles southwest from Palatka, one mile
from where the Jacksonville, Tampa and Key West Railway crosses the
river. High pine lands, no malaria, no insects; fine orange groves and
scuppernong vineyards. About sixty families. School and church. Mail
every day. Address postmaster.
Patterson-Terminus of proposed branch of the Jacksonville, Tampa
and Key West Railway. Population, 150. Good schools, church, bearing
orange groves. Improved, wild and truck lands at low prices. Good site
for a canning factory. Settlers welcome. N. A. Patterson will give
Pleasant Valley-At the head of Keuka Lake, one mile from depot.
Best water in the State. Settled by Illinois people. Nice groves and good
land. Address Mrs. J. O. Leavitt.
Putnam Hall-Twenty miles west of Palatka on Georgia Southern and
Florida Railroad. One of the oldest settlements in the county. The town
of Putnam Hall was established since the Georgia Southern and Florida
Railroad was completed. High pine and hammock. Oranges and other
fruits do well. Good schools, churches, stores and Masonic Lodge. Lands
from $1.25 to $50. We want good, honest settlers. Address J. P. Wall.
Pomona-Fifteen miles south of Palatka, on Jacksonville, Tampa and
Key West Railway. Large and prosperous orange groves, schools, church,


: **Rol n



" "m



i i
~~ .PZ

stores, telegraph and express office
acre. We want good settlers and
give information.
Ridgewood-About fifteen m
Welaka and Pomona. School an
Fine orange groves and rolling pil
Riverside-A small settlement
miles from its mouth. High, ro
groves, store and post office. Add
Syracuse-About thirty mile,
miles west of Lake George. Sple
try. Land reasonable in price anc
dents wishing a home are invited
Satsuma-Pleasantly situated
extending back into high, rich pi

Sisco-Twelve miles south
West Railway; about seventy-1
of good quality, from $5 to $15
ber of building lots will be giv,
tiers and winter residents.
Reports from the following
Editor had at Hand, as they failed
Drayton Island-A splenc
entrance. Good orange groves
Crescent City-Ils situated
is five miles wide and eighteen i
of the best in the county; deligl
ness firms. Presume the postn
Johnson-Twenty-four mi
ern Railroad. Large number ol
Lake George -On Lake I
and orange proves.



. 'ii I . ..... V

^ i !' i ii- '*-* ^ ::-:'-. :

S- TATION1 SA MA' O 1 *,RO *1 y1, s 1 ROVE SA MAT O,
! __ ": ^ r-.^,




Since this pamphlet was begun Putnam County and the whole
State of Florida have passed through two severe freezes. It is there-
fore not an exact representation of the appearance of things to-day.
Still it is a true picture of what Putnam County was before and up to
December 28, 1894. We fully expect that within a few years our sur-
roundings will again correspond with the cuts presented in this pamphlet.


S ndJewelry . .
.. SPOONS. -
The Best Selected Stock in the State.

1R. 3. iles,

= IcaNiin, 3i\S clr. -
palatha, f oriba.




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IITickPs. ,

PILI 81E IM .IPS ... ... ....t..th

marion and eservation ot" rooms ses nearest ticket agent or apply to
P90I O ROME e e,, ,stle .
ied to all iopoetaet points in the NORTH, EAST AND SOUTH

OficOB, New Pier ,, ,.
C. G, ANDESON, Aent, STavanai Ga
- 4ELL, Sol. F't Agt,
SOmRE es, 224 West Bay *
I SORREL, Manager. J, P. BECKWITH, G. P. & P. A.

I, I ho.

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S Points.




Successor to .

Our Tropical... Cargo Manufacturers
Florida Cypress Cypress Lumb
Is the Best .. Shin les,...
Car . .
And Finest Grained Lath, Trnm,
In the ... Ceiling, Siding
Country .... Moulding ...

Wilson Cypress Compa

Palatka, Florida.

,y, Sausage, Etc.


Gr ocer

S Grocer



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